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The Western Call 1915-09-10

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 fr   '  ������I  -.'���������  ������Q&  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People       } ^  T. J. Kmtmjt  J U. Mclntyr*  .   Funenl Director  T. J. Mwraey * Co.  Pnmral   Dixeettta  and BmbidflMn.  . At your Mtvice day and "  night.  Moderate charge*--  80S .Broadway West.  \  Pbone: Fair. 1098  S^^'  iw  OLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1915  v  THE WAR SITUATION   x*   -..  *  ������OR WEEKS WE HAVE been forced to listen  ', to croakers-who have criticized' our leaders  Vv lor their alleged inactivity on -the.^western  front. /At last we" haye some evidence of the.  Strategy which has been practiced by the .Allies.  t XRussia :seemed^fliave beenVheglected b*yV' her  J.Uii# on the wes^  trniiesback h^  Jhat/ Russia /had deliberately withdrawn., her  croops until the Teuton^���������alli!es;'werei^iJd-to.^send  iarge Ire-inforcements to hold the questionable  ['advantage gained. The Czar has now assumed  i'supreme command, and the "Bear���������' has turned  ph. .'its pursuers; At the sa^ time the Western  Jallies have opened a severe bdiflbardmeht pre-  I'sagihg a generalXattack by land, air and sea.  At the Dardanelles our-gallant ! troops; are  ^gradually eating their way through to Constantinople. Greece and the Balkans are rapidly settling their difficulties so that it is hourly ex-  j pected they will enter the war on the side of the  ^Allies.  Everything points to a .successful issue for  |,the side of democracy *nd for "the Supreme Mur-  jderer" a day of reckoning is rapidly drawing  i'nearer.   Like a condemned felon, the wretched  , Kaiser sees the hour of doom approaching, and  Iso'on he will face the thousands of helpless vic-  Itims whose phantom forms now haunt him.  |      Our great leaders deserve our utmost confi-  |,dence arid loyal support, while all croakers merit  Ithe fate awaiting the Kaiser, because our most  pnvidious enemy is the man who is blocking the  Jefforts of those who are trying their utmost to  (preserve democracy, liberty and equity.  PHYSICIANS AND ALCOHOL  |rHE "^WESTERN TRADE REVIEW," which is  the official.organ of jthe_4iquor interests, publishes certain' alleged opinions of leading physicians on the use or need,- of alcohol.   A more  [distorted and apologetic article would be hard  to conceive. Jlere is a sample: "The use of al-1  Scoholic beverages," wrote Sir William, Roberts,  I''is a marked characterise, of the diet of the  [European and other progr^ve ri������S*."    This is  used as an argument'against prombition.   They  int out; that in Mohammedan countries, where  dfink is* forbidden, there is "intellectual stagnation." '  , If this argument Js spund then the' mor* alcohol consumed .the better the man.  ; Ju, another place tHis journal on booze quotes  iprofessor Carl Von Noorden, of Vienna, as saying, " People who'cannot assimilate alcohol at  all are. somewhat degenerate.'' We bow to this  great Austrian authority, but" still prefer to rest  our case on the side of temperance. According  to this all ^ tee-totalejw are ^ degenerates and we  are wrong' in filling our gaols with burglars,  murderers, etc., who are -there largely because  'of alcohol���������they are /'the elite of the land and  should be turned out and "jjvery man who cannot asimilate alcohol" should be incarcerated as  *. degenerates." , We tremble!  A/With custonjary- urbanity, the"editor of. this  liquor journal quotes 'scripture and as-usual with  disastrous elfects on his cause. He says: "Solomon wrote, 'Give-wine to him that is heavy of  heart, and strong drink to him .that is ready to  perish, so that-he .may. drink and forget his  misery./ " The best 'answer is to quote the passage" correctly: Proverbs, Chap. 31, v. 4 to 7: "It  isrnot for kings, oh,/Lemuel, to drink wine; nor  for  princes strong   drink.  "test they drink and forget the law and  jwrvert the judgment' of any of the afflicted.  "Give strong drink unto him that is ready  to ^perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy  hearts.  "Let him drink and forget his poverty, and  remember his misery no more."  And since our liquor editor approves of  Solomon we commend to his attention, Pro v.  Chap; 207 v. 1, "Wine i8ani6cker,������strong drink.  is raging, and whosoever js deceived thereby is  not wise; and again in Ecclesiastes 10-17, "Blessed': are thou, 0, land, when "thy king is the son  of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season,  for "strength,and not for drunkenness."  We comment to this editjpr a careful perusal  of Holy Writ,: and. tie will likely leaxn something, about his business: X  CANADA AND THE NORTH  SEA HERRING INDUSTRY  THE RU.SSIAN VIEW  THE^RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER, M. Saz-  onoff,.in- a public statement which is a reply  - to ah insidious IGeruianVpropaganda laboring  ; to break the morale: of'th^' Russian pdople and  j-'; causing distrust among tlije-V allies; as to Russia's  intention of continuing theV^ar/declares that  the highest militai^V: authorities inV Great Britv  |.-.aih' Prance and. Russia^re;iia:full -accord on all  questions of strategy, >ftnd that there never has  been any difference b������ opinion between the high  /commands. He concludes 4>y sayingthat he wishes  VforeVer to disabuse the pnblici mind of any intention, whatever on the part of the Russian govern-  ��������� ment to make, an independent peace with Germany as long-;a������ one hostile soldier remains in  Russia, and that it behooves all patriotic Russians  /J to avoid playing into the hands of the Germans  f, by/listening to and repeating these vile reports,'  and he expresses the conviction of an ultimate  victory for the Russian arm&X  The railways of Roumania haye^ received Orders to place all rolling stock at the disposal of  the Minister of War on September 14.  WAR CONDITIONS in the North Sea have so  ' seriously interrupted the British herring fishery during the present summer and will surely continue to so interrupt it during the~coming  fall and winter, that very few pickled herring ���������  will be available for export from Great Britain  this year.  In the course of last year (1914)' the United...  States, apart from its importation from Holland  and Norway, imported from the British Isles, approximately 135,000 barrels of pickled herring.  Where is a similar quantity to be secured for importation this year?  Not in Great Britain,  because the comparatively small fishing fleets presently at work on "'  the restricted fishing areas  cannot supply  the  demand for fresh and kippered herring for con-/  sumption at home; nor in the'two otherherring  producing countries of Europe, Holland and Nor-  wav, because, even if fishing were carried on by  Dutch and Norwegian fishermen without let or  hindrance; Germany, the great consumer of her- '  ring, will, with British supplies cut off, buy up  everything available in Holland and Norway.  Here, then, is a: great opportunity for enterprise on the part of Canadian fish merchants '  to at least partly supply the United States with  what it meantime cannot get from Europe.  Onr fourth part alone of that trade would  amount to more than the whole present annual  exportation of pickled herring from Canada, all  of which goes to qiher and cheaper markets.  Everyone in; the trade knows that in normal  years the price paid in the United States for herring cured in the European style fs high.  In this abnormal year it is very high, in fact  it has been doubled in some instances, as majX  be seen weekly in the columns of the New York -  Fishing   Gazette.  The most suitable herring for the American  market are thick, plump fish of from ten to eleven  inches in extreme  length  and full bf  milt  or  roe; spent fish and large coarse fish are entirely .  useless for this market. .X  We have abundant supplies of herring of a  suitable size on both cdasts. With our present  means of capture, however, it may be somewhat  difficult to secure any large quantities of this',  class on the Atlantic coast before they  come5  close to the shore in a ripe condition for spawns'  ing. But no such difficulty should be experienced  on theVPaeific coast;.because, during the winter*'  months, herring of a size and quality similar'  to those taken at Yarmouth and Lowestoft, England,   in October and   November,   swarm   into  certain of our British Columbia harbours and  can be readily taken in much greater quantities  than at present. ~  (In order to capture a share of this trade with  the United States, it is absolutely essential that  the fish be cured and packed in accordance with  the desires of the people who eat such fish. Now  that mode of curing and packing which is known  as the Scottish or European style, is really a  simple one, but the process calls for scrupulous  care in its Various details.  The fish should be packed/in half barrels  of thirteen and one-third imperial gallons capaX  city. To produce such a half barrel, the staves  should be cut at twenty^our inches, the diameter of the. end truss hoops should be fourteen  and three-quarter inches and of the bilge truss  hoops seventeen inches, x  The nc6mi^ iatb^^^  Pish Inspection Act gives to Canadian packers  a unique opportunity of entering this market, and  they are particularly requested to note that herring so cured may be presented for inspection,  and, if found to be packed in accordance with,  the Act, will be branded with the government  crown brand. The inspection will be carried out  by a duly qualified inspector.  It must be evident to all that inspected fish  bearing the government brand, as a guarantee  of quality, will, without doubt, more readily  find buyers in this hitherto untouched market,  than uninspected, unbranded fish.  THE FOREIGN TRADE OF  THE UNITED KINGDOM  THE TRADE FIGURES for July, 1915. with  ;    July; 1914 ,are:  Imports   Exports ,  Re-exports    July, 1915  ������75,548,147  34,721,5.1  9,408^790  July,  1914.  ������59,376,484  44,405,380  / 7,825,916  Total ..............������119,678-448 ������111,607,780.  And for the first seven months of the present  year in comparison with 1914:  Ending July, 1915   Ending .Tuly, 1914  Imports      ..V...������504,'482,975 ������435,250,317  Exports ..;.....................:. 218,344,399 299,868,991  Re-exports      60,731,810 67,366,920  GERMANY'S WAR RESOURCES  AUSTRALIAN FEDERAL FINANCE  THE PRELIMINARY  FIGURES in connection  with the financial year of the Commonwealth,  which ended on June 30, 1915, were recently  made   available.   The   total   revenue from   all  sources was $108,690,323 as compared with $105,-  665,026 for the previous year. While there was an  increase of $3,025,297 in the total revenue, there  was a decrease of $517,594 from customs and excise.   The customs and excise returns exceeded  the treasurer's estimate by no less than $2,967,-  365 which is attributable to the increased duties  "imposed from December 4, 1914.  Lord and Lady Aberdeen, now the Marquis  and Marchioness of Temair, are to visit Canada  and the United States this fall. Besides attending the annual meeting of the National Council  of Women in Toronto in October, they have  agreed to address meetings in several cities of  the United States in relation to social movements  in Ireland. X  Pending examination of the whole question,  imperial sanction has been given the decision by  the council' of the Russian empire to abolish  restrictions on Jewish residence in Russian cities.  Petrograd and Moscow and places under the jurisdiction of the ministry .of war and of the Imperial; court are excepted from the modifications  of the pale.  IF WE THINK of a nation carrying-on war as  an. enormously complicated machine, that is  working at the highest pressure, we are led  1o ask. "What part will first give wayf "-  The idea is very widespread that, if the war  is prolonged,   the financial   exhaustion   of   the  German Empire will be a factor of great importance in determining the issue. In cases where  ' it is vital to import food and raw material, financial exhaustion means inability to purchase. In  undeveloped peasant communities, also, like those  of the Balkan peninsula, whp cannot manufacture  their own armaments, financial resources must  be a leading factor in determining the duration  pf an armed contest. Such countries must buy V  bn credit, arid when their credit is eAatisted,;  their military activities must cease.      In' cases  ,^f this kind, the country depends on other countries for the necessities of life or the necessities  6f warfare. Germany, however, does not $ome  under either Of these classifications. So long as  per troops guard her frontiers, it is not likely  hat she will find serious difficulty in' raising  nternal loans, which she will spend internally.  So long, too, as she can continue to produce  iyhat is necessary for the life of the people and  or the conduct of the war, the crippling of her  oreign trade is not a vital issue.  Although, if the war continues, Germany is  almost certain to face a serious, shortage in  many food products, facts and figures indicate  that so long as the allied.forces are kept outside  t-the -empire, the nation will not be starved into  surrender.  Germany normally imports cereals for about  one-sixth of her people. On the other hand,7 she  normally exports great quantities of potatoes. It  is no doubt a fact that potato flour is being used  to supplement cereal flour, and that rye .flour is  being mixed with wheat flour. The stores gathered in during the months 6f preparation, and  the large supply of sugar ordinarily exported,  will be available. ��������� .    X  The per capita consumption of meat is said  to have exceeded the amount available by about  eight pounds per head. In the past, Germany  has imported from Russia vast quantities of  ^eese 6,142,497 in 1911 and 7,433,488 iii 1912/  ��������� These supplies will be entirely cut off, as will  probably be also {be importation of eggs, which,  in 1913, approximated 166,000 tons. But eggs  and fresh meat have been exported in the past  in large quantities. X  It is to be remembered also that Germany can  still import ii*rl*uiiit^q^  mark, Sweden, and'Holland, paying for her imports in manufactured articles. X  It is likely, therefore, that the shortage in respect to food will be met. ���������:>���������.-  As Germany depends largely on foreign wool  and entirely on foreign cotton, it is possible that  clothing may rise seriously in price; but here  again supplies are likely to last for a considerable time.  The raw materials that go to supply Krupp's  mighty arsenal may be assumed to be sufficient.  Essen is indeed the heart of the whole German  military machine, and may well be, rather than  Berlin, the final object of. the allied armies.  What of the material of transport? Germany's , supply of horses is inadequate to meet  the tremendous wastage. The importance of  horses cannot well be over-estimated, and a shortage is likely to prove very serious. The diffi^  culty. of importing any considerable number is  at least formidable. The source of supply of  gasoline in Galicia is imperilled, although perhaps substitutes may be found. If bicycles and  motor cars are used as substitutes for cavalry,  there is a possible difficulty in a shortage of  rubber.  It is a terrible thought, but it may well turn  out to be true, that the form exhaustion will  take will be exhaustion in the supply of men.  PROHIBITION  FOR SEVEN LONG YEARS this journal has  fought for the cause of temperance. We have  refused thousands of dollars worth of advertising and lost money because 'of it, nor have we  received one cent from reform circles because  of our stand: on temperance. So we are justified  in feeling a glow of gratification at the great  awakening of the public conscience.  We claim no credit for it, but at last, after  seven years of lonely struggle, we now find-our  .policy the'favorite and welcome the dawn of a  better day.  British Columbia will carry prohibition, ahd  as sure as we do it will become a live issue  throughout all Canada, and in a few years our  Dominion will be dry.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No: 18.  POLITICAL TRUCE  EVER SINCE THE OUTBREAK of war the  local Conservative member for the Dominion  House has studiously avoided "talking politics."*. On no occasion has he broken the truce  in spite of the fact that many party attacks  have been made by the Liberals.  A Liberal candidate, Mr. Cowper, has, however, made a malicious attack upon Mr. Stevens'  personal character, not by direct charges (for  he dared not) but by insinuations and distorted  statements. H% seeks to couple up the name of  the Federal member with that of the unfortunate Arnold. v For instance, he says Mr. Stevens  was a former secretary of the Dominion fruit*  but failed to say that he resigned nearly eight  years*-ago and because of Arnold's appointment  as manager. '  He also says a loan was granted Mr. Stevens  by Arnold at about the same time as a bill was  passed through the Dominion House; when, as a  matter of fact the alleged loan consisted of two  notes discounted by the Dominion Trust in 1910  for another party, and for which Mr. Stevens  was an endorser and, by the way, through whjch  he lost over $10,000, the balance is still owing to  the Dominion Trust (in dispute) but amply secured. Mr. Stevens never received a loan from  the Dominion Trust at any time.  Cowper further insinuated that Mr., Stevens  "knew that deposits were being taken illegally." Such a charge is absurd. Mr. Stevens had  no idea of the internal - management of the  Dominion Trust any more than Mr. Cowper. himself, or any other citisen. , tie Wis not .even a  stock holder. <~~  On another page; is a signed letter by Mr.  Stevens  reply&ig   to  the   a-legations, ofXJfoy  Cowper.   s   ,A~      ��������� X 3>        '' X' - '**"'    ' ���������  '4 ���������*._  v/^j_:  EFFICIENT SAVING  IT IS EASIER TO MAKE MONEY than to save -  it or to invest it.   You can easily name nine.  good earners to one good saver.   Most men ,  would cqtge, to then; pfd-age with a snug provi-,  sion for ^4|| ������f0^lhQ(g years if they could save  as well as they 'could earn.  Every year it grows more difficult to save,  not only pn account of the increasing cost of.  living and the continuous enlargement of our  needs, but also because of a growing impatience,  with simple, modest, self-restraining living. We-:  are yielding more readily to the little allurements v  and temptations of life than Was'the habit of  our forebears.  But there is always some" compensation for  every loss. Never before were there such' incentives for saving. The modern savings institutions, and the newly instituted government,  postal savings banks, and/best of all, the life  insurance companies, provide the greatest incentives to saving and the surest rewards for thrift  ever invented by the niiud of man.  One may be a goodfrsaver, and still live his  last days in penury for the labk of knowing how  to invest his earnings properly. /  Most business men .lose/heavijy on investments made outside their business. The average  wage-earner loses a large share of his precious  savings in various forms of wildcat and get-  rich-quick investments. The percentage of, loss  suffered by those who have put their hard-earned  money into standard, old line ihsurance compan-  ies is almost negligible.  No business man with miscellaneous interests, no investor in stocks and bonds, no dealer in  real estate, can show so small a percentage of  losses as is entailed by those who put their  money into high  grade \life  insurance.  Here is what life insurance does for the ordinary man:  It compels him to save on a scale that he  himself has named after due deliberation.  It joins his savings with others in a co-operative investment that is big enough to secure all  advantages.  It puts his savings into the hands of those  whose business it is to know what he cannot  about investments.  It gives his earnings the safeguards provided  by state laws affecting insurance companies.  It leaves him free to give his whole time and  thought to further earnings, saving him all vexation and anxiety incident to the care of property.  It takes into consideration the uncertainties of a man's earning power, and makes provision for such modifications as conditions may  require, making sure that the investor gets all  that he pays for, no matter how far he may  fall short of his   original   intentions.  And, best of all, over and beyond its mer- .  its as a means of accumulation, it plays the role  of a fairy godfather to the dependents who find  themselves suddenly 0 cast upon their own * resources through the unexpected and premature  death of the one who provides.  The easiest, safest, surest and most satisfactory way to save and keep on saving is to  purchase from a tested, old line, conservative  insurance company some form of life insurance  suited to your circumstances.  This is the best way to save, even though  you have no one dependent on you and do not  expect ever to have such dependents, and it is  even better still for those who do have dependents.  >.  The German Reichstag has adopted, a Socialist resolution asking the government to organize  a bureau under the auspices of the federal council, with some of its members elected by the  Reichstag, to take charge of the food problem.  / 2,  Friday,1 September 10, 1915.  The German Empire as at present constituted was bom in 1871,  out of the Franco-Prussian VWar.  Its area including rivers , and  lakes is 208,830 square miles. In  respect to area, it occupies third  f place among European countries,  coming next to Russia and Austria-Hungary.  Germany's arable land constitutes about 65 per cent., and forest land about 20 per cent, of the  area.  Germany's population in 1871  was 41,000,000. It is now over  . 65,000,000, standing next to Russia among European countries.  Only Belgium, Holland, Japan  and the United Kingdom among  the nations have a denser population; only China, India, Russia  and the United States have a  more numerous population.  Germany's people increase at a  rate exceeded only by the people  of Russia and Italy. The number  of its young men annually attaining the age for military training  exceeds half a million. (In Russia 1,200,000 young men every  year attain the age of 18 years.)  Emigration is . practically. at a  standstill, and has been so for  some years.  Germany is essentially a manufacturing nation dependent largely upon her-export market. At  the time pf the Franco-Prussian  war, she'was agricultural, and  more than 75 per cent, of her  people were engaged in agriculture. In 1913, less than 31 per  cent, were so engaged, a decrease .of over 50 per cent. Normally probably 37 per cent, of  her total working force is engaged in manufacturing. Probably  4.5 millions of her people may be  classed as urban and 20 millions  as living outside of .the cities and  towns.  Even Germany's agriculture  cannot keep peace with domestic  consumption, and the Empire  finds herself more than ever under the J necessity of trading manufactures to the world for food.  Trade and Commerce  Germany stands second to Gt.  Britain as a buyer in the world's  markets, and third to the United  States  and  Great  Britain  as a  "Q. B." Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  "Q. B." Means  Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B/' Means ".Made in B. C."  by White Help,      /  The Vathcouyerp Knitting Co., Ltd.  Rennie's Seeds and AU Kinds of Seed Potatoes  ���������   \y'j 1547 Main Street    '  Our Specialty  Potatoes and All .Kinds of Vegetables  .Free City  Delivery !X 'X  ���������Ffrojie: Fainacmt 2144. Vancouver, 3x0.  "Pride of the West"  f/;:'X  OVURAIiI^. SSIHTS, PANTS and MAO^JNAW  /x.x/Ux^^  .:A\k,./yyj:y 'k///y:y  MACKAY SMITH. Bl^  1  way, Germany in 1913 imported  nearly one-eighth of all the world  seller. To put it in another  had to, sell, and exported more  than one-ninth 'of. all the world  wanted' to buy. Her yearly output of manufactured goods may  be estimated at some figure between twelve and fifteen billion  dollars, and of this, about two  billion is sold on foreign markets many of which are now clos  ed to her.  No other nation has made such  a successful bid in the past. 25  years for foreign trade. In that  period her foreign trade increased 300 per cent, as against 275  per cent, increase by the United  States,-and 100 percent, increase  by Great Britain. Her agents  went into the markets of the  world and studied the wants of  the people. Germany was willing  to make things to order for the  world. She did not ask the world  to buy the left-overs of her domestic trade, nor did she endeavor to force German styles on  foreign customers.  .Germany's success as an export  nation has been due mainly*to  three things���������making what the  world wanted, giving her foreign  buyers the credit they demanded  and packing goods so as to meet  shipping conditions without dam  age.  A consideration, of the facts  makes it apparent that the Ger  man empire embraces the second  most numerous people and the  third most rapidly increasing  people hr Europe; that they inhabit a territory considerably! less  in extent than the state, of Texas,  being exceeded Vin density of population only by Belgium, Nether  lands and' the United Kingdom  so, far as/Europe is concerned  and that in agricultural production Germany/ has reached the  limit or practically the limit of  her capacity, and already imports large supplies of food products; The expansion of her trade  lies, therefore in the direction  of the manufactured products.  For these, increasing supplies bf  raw material must be imported,  and a market for the finished product found outside of her own  boundary. :; '  : Manufactures   /  In no other country of the  world has manufacturing industry made such rapid strides within recent years as Germany. The  development embraces all classes  ol: manufactured articles, but the  iron and steel industries may be  said to be the chief feature. The  output of the huge blast furnaces  is constantly increasing.  The advance in the manufac-,  ture of steel is most notable. The  greater part of the steel is produced at or around Essen, Many  states have been supplied with  steel guns and battleship plates  froni jvrupp 's famous works. The  export of rails and bridge steel  has steadily increased. In the  manufacture of machines and engines^ Germany stands second to  Great Britain. Hardware; locomotives and agricultural machinery  are exported. Some of the largest vessels   in   the   world have  Men,;.J).uiltiiiu^the'-German-ship-  yards.:.' '.  Cotton   manufacturing is pur-  GIANTS OF THE FOREST IN STANLEY PAEK  sued chiefly in Alsace. In wool,  flax and hemp manufactures, upwards of a million persons are  employed, half of them being  women. In the manufacture of  linen, Germany has been left far  behind by Great Britain, France  and An.stria-Hungary.  The manufacture of paper���������including' printing, writing and  wall paper���������is carried on in over  one thousand mills (1895) scattered over the Empire. Other  leading articles of manufacture  are leather goods,: silk, lace,  glass", porcelain, chemicals, toys  and beer.  "In 1913 Germany produced 2;-  720,000 tons of refined sugar from  beets.  Education  Education in Germany is compulsory between the ages of six  and fourteen. There is on an  average one* primary school for  every 900 inhabitants. The percentage of army recruits un1-  able to read or write was only  0.45 per thousand in 1901. In  1876 it was 23.7.  The Germans were the first  people to undertake the systematic education of the hand as  well as the mind of the child.  Every German is educated for  the particular work in life that  has been chosen.for him. There  is no drifting into a trade or  profession. Each child has his  career selected for him, and when  his training is finished, he-is fitted for no other. Specialization  is the governing principle.  No other nation possesses so  many! fine technical schools.  Each of the larger provinces, except Posen, has at least one university. Some of these date from  the 13th century. The total number of universities is 21, and the  total enrollment 55,000.  Religion  There is no State religion in  Germany. Almost two-thirds of  the population belong to the  Evangelical Protestant Church,  and rather more than a third to  the Church of Rome.  Shipping '.:������������������  Germany's Merchant Marine in  1911 consisted of 4,850 ships, With  a cargo carrying capacity of 3,-  153,000 net tons register.  Ports  The ports of Germany affording oversea communication with  ;distant lands are. mainly those  of Hambiirg (Cuxhaven) and  Bremen (Bremerhaven), both of  which are situated on the North  Sea. These ports carry on a vast  trade with all the chief countries  of the world, and are the main  gateways of maritime intercourse  between Great Britain and Germany. Hamburg, at the mouth of  the Elbe, is the most important  harbor in continental Europe.  The Baltic ports provide communication principally with the  adjacent countries, Russia and  Sweden.  Germany did not limit her commercial activities to countries  that could be reached by tl merchant marine. By financing the  building of railways into Asia  aridtb^thex^ry bxirdemvof^tnditf,  she has sought to make possible  a shorter trade route to the heart  of the East than the sea route to  India or the; Russian Trans-Siberian railway affords.  Railways     X   /  The German railways are nearly all state owned. The total mileage in operation in 1911 was .38,-  400. The German view of rebates  and discrimination in railway  rates is that the small shipper  should pay a higher freight rate  than the big shipper, and the  domestic shipper pay a higher  rate than the export shipper.  Roads  . The total length of public  roads in Germany is estimated  at 80,000 miles. The roads are  weil built and well maintained.  They are narrower ihan the  roads of this country, and as a  rule are lined on both sides either  by fruit or ornamental trees.  Agriculture  . Germany is the second greatest producer of agricultural products of the European nations,  yielding first place only to Russia. With one-fifteenth of the area  of Europe, Germany in 1912 produced one-seventh of its wheat;.a  fifth of its oats, more than a  seventh of its barley and over a  third of its potatoes.  While the farmer in this  country uses many acres and gets  a small yield, the German farmer  uses very few acres and compels  the ground to give him a large  yield. Of the German farms, 2,-  733,000 have less than 2.47 acres,  2,306,000 have.less than 25 acres,  while about   700,000   are   larger  X ���������������������������'XI  AMONG THE ISIfANDS OF  THE SOUND  XX..: XI  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBEWl  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER* BX/  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light arid Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.   v  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  'on hand.  X   BUGGIES,  WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and // **  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  Campbell-Gordon Co., Limited  LIMITED : x/.-  Gate Valves, Hydraftts, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942.  1210 Homer Street  than 25 acres. Of the total acre-  age, :47 per cent, is farmed in  holdings of less than 50 acres.  The majority of these small farms  are situated in southern Germany  while the larger" farms are mostly in the Prussian provinces.  More than- 85 per cent, of the  land is farmed by owners, and  only about 12 per cent, by tenants:  Germany may truly be called  a garden. The science of plant  nutrition has been mastered, and  its farms have a greater producing capacity per acre of almost  every staple crop than any otiier  country enjoys. The use of commercial fertilizers is universal,  and scientific farming has made  the soil ���������! most highly productive.  The country's'methods ot handling crops reflects the progressive character of the German  people.  For the most part, the farmers  live in. villages' arid not upon the  laudXTh^XaSdXc������_/each farmer  is often a long distance from the  village where he lives, and is frequently scattered at different  places, involving much wast|.of  time in its operation. Fences are  almost unknown,' the boundaries  being indicated by stone posts  buried in the ground.  The land is worked exceptionally well. The winters are not as  a rule at all severe. The soil  either freezes late or not at all  and thaws early, giving opportunity for extra'-���������work. The custom  is to plough once shallow- and  once deep, and to roll, disc and  harrow several times. Nearly all  farmers keep live-stock, and in  addition to using commercial fertilizers, treat their land with a  heavy dressing of farmyard manure as often as possible.       -  The animal labor on the small  farms is. done mostly by cows, or.  a combination" of a cow ' and a  horse, a mule, or an ass. On the  larger farms horses and oxen are  employed.       .���������r ���������";;���������  ���������    >.  The most important crops are  ���������rye, oats, wheat,' barley, sugar;  beets and potatoes. In the south  and west wheat predominates; iri  the north and;east, rye, oats- and  barley.       .    V V    ** " 'X/"  The Farm Schools give instruction to farmers' sons on th"e fundamental elements of agriculture.  Schools of this class are being replaced .largely by. the winter  schools, which have two winter  terms of six months' duration.  A great number of the present  farmers studied, in. these schools  when they. were. boys. The Winter Schools are popular, serviceable and rapidly multiplying.  Ottawa,' Canada .  PRINGLE  &  GUTHEIE]  Barristers and Solicitors   - -  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrit. -A  Parliamentary Solicitors,- Departments);  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioner!  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of tb������  Bar of .British Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa  "ROUGH ON BATS" clean, oatl  rats, raiqe, etc. Don't die in -theI  house. 15c and 25c at drug and conntrvj  stores. i _   . %4.\  ^Pr^PfPwl,f  %*4f 9>^e**9������e  SYNOPSIS   OP   COAL   MDTOTCr  BEGULATIONS  Coal mining rights of the Domin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, tho 'Yukon Territory, the  North-west ..Territories and, in a portion ���������.-.' of j'the/province of British Col-1  umbia, 'may be-leased' for a term, of-  twenty-oue years at an annual rental  of $1;an acre. Not more than.; 2,560  acres will; be leased to one applicant.  ��������� Application f0r a. lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in! which the. rights applied fbr  are situated.   .. V V '-  , In surveyed territory the land must,  be described by sections, or, legal  sub-divisions of sections} and in un-  surveyed territory the ���������''tract applied  for/.sliJill be staked out by the appliV  cant 'himself: .       XXX  Each appjication must be accompaniX  ed by a iee ot $5 which will be're-  HTunded if the. rights applied for are  not available; but not otherwise. A  royalty .,shall, be paid on .'the "mer-.  chantabl.eV output of the mine at the,  rate of five'centsVper ton.X v;  The pe^rspn^ operating the mine shall  furnish tlie Agent with sworn returns  accounting for /the full; quantity of \  merchantable^ coal mined and pay. the  royalty;; thereon, j If the coal, mining  rights, are not-being operated, such re-  .turns should - be: furnished at least,"'  once  a  year.    >  The lease; will include thfe ceal Tnin-.' j\  ing rights' only, but ihe lessee may be  permitted  to purchase whatever avail-V  able surface rights may be considered .  necessary YforJ the working of the mine  at the;:Ta.te of, $JL0.00 ,an acre..       '.-���������:-.  ;.: For     full     information     .application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot- \  thej Department   of   the   Interior,   Ottawa* -.'.or to. any Agent  or, Sub-Agent.'-'.'  of :Dqmiriion   Lands.  :.���������-���������!?   .'���������-..'.  V. ,' 'X/'.    'V.W.  W.  CG������RY;'���������;      '   :,_...'  Deputy "Minister  of the  Interior. .'. J  VN;.B.-r���������Unauthorized    publication    of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.' -    ���������   ������������������'-    ��������� ' *   ��������� X ��������� Friday, September 10, 1915.  8  NOTES BY THE WAY  By W. A. Ellis  A fellow passenger in a -jitney  |(and his authority was ;an ac-  jduntant in the B.CB. * Railway  [Co.) told me. that out of two  [thousand employees of that com-  Ipany on the street earsonly two  lh������d joined His Majesty's forces.  lit is surely tin^e some of these  [ybW&V ^fellows /thought about  [their country.; Ladies are doing  (this kind of wbrkt in London.  ;Undei^;' theA auspices of Ward  t'SeVeh: Goiiservative   Ass'h  Pro-  rfessor . Odlura^ will   lecture   on  \'TheiTurk acepidihg tb the Prophecies,'^-;^ the   Finnish  Hall,  corner!Slocan, and Pender,    on  Tuesday next, Sept. 14th.  '/'���������'���������' /':���������*'' ,*.    * '   ���������:'���������  :.s I meet people vwho are sorry  for Sir Redmond Roblin and his  associates very often.  I do not meet many people who  are sorry when burglars or ban?  i dits are eaj tured, and yet I cannot distinguish the one from'the  other. Their crime is the same,  |,viz., plundering the public.  *   #   ���������  There was a free fight in the  market in Berlin recently as a  result of tl*e high price of butter and eggs.���������Press.  The ofliee boy says it was the  Battle of Butterneggs/  Quite ������ number of our Chin-  (ese iellow townsman have changed their names lately. Mr. Man  iHin Det by becoming Som Won  |llcls thin!:s It is 'asy to mystify  the tax collector.  I should like to Inform the gen-  (tlemari or lady who took my milk  for two days running that the  PHONE  SEYMOUR 9086  *  Your home may be the next to  be burgled. *   .  Safety First  A   Deposit   Box  in   our  Safety  Vault  Only $2.50 per  Annum  Daw,_Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. Wesf     ���������  McKay Station, Burnaby,  baker leaves the bread, and the  grocer the groceries, and the  butcher the meat ' in precisely  the same, place only a little later  in the clay. She or he is very  welcome. vlt is liberty hall.  *   *   *  Although it seems hard work to  bring the zeppelins down, before  the last- raid the inhabitants of  Margate received notice 45 minutes Hbeforehand that they were  coiningX-Good watchdogs somewhere. X X-  X .*"���������->'������������������'  ���������- ���������  ' T he ,'kaiser would not have  marched on Petrograd if he had  not seen Constantinople tottering. If he can only smash everything of military value in Russia bfef ore the last fort in the  Dardanelles and Bosphorus falls,  he hopes to be able to make terms  of peace that will save something  for Germany.     ^  We* now know that it was not  Winston Churchill, but Prince  Louis of. Battenberg who advised  that the British fleet should be  kept mobilized longer than the  ordinary manoeuvres. Prince  Louis evidently knew something  and his adopted country will not  forget  him later  oh.  -���������   German Dreams  Germany's intellectuals are  wrapped in a cloud of wildly fantastic dreams, which they themselves ��������� believe to be predestined  realities. They seem to be busy  drawing up schemes for a new  and Germanized Europe, and  their plans for the future of those  of us who do not belong to the  race of murderous superman  would seem extraordinary even in  a madhouse. There is the "blood  and iron", school represented so  nobly by the Pirate King von  Turpentine, and Count von Re-  ventblowyourhorn, who are brutally frank about obtaining world  supremacy by force.  Then there is the "diplomatic"  school which seems to leave the  future to take care of itself, and  pays all its attention to distorting  the present.   >  Then there is a very small  band who see clearly, but have  no chance of expressing their  viewsj fearing that they would  not require a dinner tomorrow if  they did so.  Now more than ever since their  successes in Russia the "blood  and iron" predominates. Nothing  but the entry of ~the allies into  Berlin will ever convince this  school that Germany is not invincible, and it is shut off! from  the" truth by the incurable obsession tha* the Germans are superior in every way to other nations ������nd are fated to rule the  world. This paxtf I^Hilways  angry at any attempts to explain away Germany's conduct  ���������and at the complete failure of  such attempts���������and it declares  openly that there is to be no more  justice until Germany is in a position to dictate her own justice.  From what I read each of these  '' blood and iron'' prophets have  A Safe \memen/������-BONDS  "No safer form of investment can 'be suggested than Canadian  Government and Municipal Debentures.   Their record is unique in that  Our list of bond offerings, 5 per cent, to 7 per cent, yield, and full  practically no default haa ever taken place in their payment."  ftarticulars, furnished upon application by mail or telephone. Enquiries  nvited.           "   CEPBBLBY, BOUNSEFELL ft CO., LOOTED  Established   1886  Holson's Bank Building. 548 Bastings St Wjst  Investments. Loans. Insurance  LYNN CBEEB.   FALLS  a pet scheme of their own for the  regeneration of Europe, but all  are agreed that there is to be a  European confederation under  the benevolent suzerainty of Wil������  helm the butcher���������you can easily establish this by perusing  their epistles of . the last few  months and before The "Deut-  schland Uber Alles" is by no  means confined to the Junkers  for instance.  The famous savant Ernst Haeckel writes that from the point  of view of a "Federated Continental Europe" the most desirable results of the war are:  1. The crushing of English tyranny. ;  2. For this purpose, the invasion of Britain, and the occupation of London.   '  3: The partition of Belgium,  the greater part���������the eastern section from Ostend to Antwerp���������to  be one of the German Federal  states, the section to the north  of this to go to Holland, and the  south-eastern section to be incorporated in a greater Luxemburg  ���������likewise a German state.  4. Germany to receive many of  the British Colonies besides the  Congo.  5. France to give Germany a  portion of her northeastern provinces. .\X  6. Russia to be rendered impotent by the reconstruction of a  kingdom of Poland subject to  Austria.  7. The German provinces of the  Baltic to return to Germany.  8. Finland to become an independent kingdom united to Sweden.  , 9. I really cannot write any  more. I should very much like to  heckle our friend Haeckel.  Last week I remarked in these  notes that ho nation except the  United States would believe in  the word of Germany, and after  the sinking of the "Hesperian"  I am still wondering how . tbat  interesting game of bluff and the  ingathering of the dollar is- going to continue. Freedom���������civilization��������� Bah! To the United  States this means mere words.  There was an old gentleman  who spoke last Tuesday after the  cadets band had finished playing  on the old court house grounds.  This old chap, who was a sound  old Britisher, said, "he had been  British for 800 years," in urging  the young men present to join  the army he further said, "if  the whole British army were to  be anihilated in the west, we  would still haye the navy to de-  end upon."  Cheerful news for the would  be soldier, eh!  Lieut. Dennis Leeson, of the  7th B:C:VBattalion has transferred to the Royal Ariel Corps.  Members of Kitsilano Orange  Lodge,- of which he is a member  wishing to write note address.  Lieut. Leeson, 7th Canadians, attached No. 1 wing, 16 Squadron,  Royal Flying Corps, British Expeditionary Force.  *   ������   #  The dollar is supreme in the  United States of America. With  the dollars the party leaders and  bosses are bought, these control  the votes, and the votes control the President. That poor old  easrle screaming "liberty" will  be in a'sorry place amongst the  nations of the worjd in the future  if some firm stand for liberty, humanity and justice are not soon  taken by the cabinet of the United States.'  If the President wants to act  there is nothing to stop him. The  British, French, Russian and  other nationalities are quite a  match for the German in the  States, and if the president is to  be cowed by the German money  grabber and the German vote,  and allow American citizens to be  murdered and a great nation to  be repeatedly insulted by Germany, then the sooner he relinquishes the presidential chair the  better for the nation.  "Why! screamed-an American  gentleman recently, "I can't  make out what you Britishers are  doin' at all in the west. Give me  25,000 American soldiers and I  would drive every German out  of Belgium in less than a month."  Yes, replied the Canadian, "but  please remember they're fightin*  with bullets over there, and not  bull-rushes."  POSTAGE STAMPS  Not a little of the fascination  which the study and collecting of  postage stamps holds for enthusiasts lies in the fact that the  story of their origin and subse  quent history is in many cases of  an exceedingly romantic character.  The single known copy of the  rarest stamp in the world, valued at $10,000���������the one cent  British Guiana issued in 1856���������  was discovered by a young collector in the colony among some  old family papers stored a*?vay in  an attic'.  Knowing nothing of its scarcity and not being favorably impressed by its appearance, he  sold it to another collector for a  trifling sum, the purchaser being  also ignorant of !his great,bargain. Ultimately it found its way  to Europe and now.reposes in the  collection of M. Philippe de la  Renotiere of Paris, who purchased it many years ago.  The Value of $7,250 is placed  upon the famous "Postoffice  Mauritius" stamp, which Xwas  crudely engraved on a small copper plate by a local watchmaker  of Port Louis and issuedon September 21, 1847. A total of only  500 copies of each of these stamps  yrere tediously printed off one at  a time from the plate, and the  majority of these were used on  invitations to 'a- ball sent put by  Lady Gomm, mfe of the governor of the conpny.  It was not until nearly twenty  years after their issue that the  first two copies of these rarities  were brought to light by a yonug  stamp collector of Bordeaux. The  most perfect used copy of the 2d  Postoffice Mauritius was sold by  auction in 1904, and is now included in King George's collections.  To the story of the watchmaker who designed this stamp may  be added that of the baker's boy  who engraved a stamp of the re*  public pf Corrientes, now forming  part of the Argentine federation.  In 1855 it was decided by the  authorities to issue stamps, but  they could find no engraver to  cut the die, or prepare the plates  While one of the officials was dis  cussing the situation with the  head of the state printing office  on his Veranda one morning a  baker's boy arrived with the  daily supply of bread and overhearing the conversation, volun  teered to undertake the work,  stating that before emigrating to  South America he had been apprenticed to an engraver in Italy.  Ultimately the boy was given  the work to do, and he turned  out a stamp which, although  crude, served for all the postage  stamps issued in Corrientes from  1855 to 1880.  Probably few people are aware  of the fact, by the way, that  King George of Britain (then the  Prince-of Wales) was responsible  for the design of the 1903 postage stamps of Canada, universally acknowledged to be the* most  artistic stamps of the last reign.  About the time of the late king's  coronation the postmaster general  of Canada, then on a visit to England, took the opportunity of  consulting his royal highness on  the subject of the proposed new  issue of postage stamps for the  Dominion.  The prince at once took the  keenest interest in the work, designed the stamp in conjunction  with a member of the Royal Philatelic society and superintended  the preparation of the "master  die" in England. The Edwardian stamps of Canada can, therefore, lay claim to the distinction  of being designed by a king.  A stamp around which centers  one of the foulest political crimes  of modern history is the so called "death mask stamp" of Servia, issued in 1904 to commemorate the accession of King Peter  I. The dastardly assassination of  King Alexander and his queen,  Draga, by military officers on  June 11, 1903, wiped out the Ob-  renovitch dynasty from the throne  of Servia and paved the way for  the present king.  After the tragedy one of the  most famous of French stamp engravers was'commissioned to prepare a stamp from a design by a,  Servian artist, showing on a single plaque the twin profiles of  Kara George, the founder of the  dynasty which bears his name,  and King Peter, his descendant.  The stamps were issued at the  time of King Peter's coronation  in 1904, and hardly had they got  into circulation when it was discovered that the "death mask"  ���������' il  Ml  f '  A DELIGHTFUL SCENIC BOAD EX B. C.  Jos. H. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11  Seymour Street  Building  Vancouver, B. C.  '.   r '"���������"���������   ".  Phones: North Van. 3.23 and 103.  Seymour 2182.  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  j*  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. C.  of the late King Alexander had  been skillfully and subtly introduced into the'design and, on the  stamp being inverted, could be  plainly traced in the reversed fea-  iures of the two heads.  This discovery at once caused  an outcry, the stratagem being  ascribed to ex-Queen Nathalie,  mother of the murdered king,  and her supporters, but all connivance in the plot was indignantly repudiated by the engraver,  and the mystery of this extraordinary happening has never  been satisfactorily cleared up���������  London Strand. '  The life-story that everyone ia ~,/~:^       ��������� ^  writing for himself goes into a;^;ff%%->*  great reference library for every- w:w!lM,  one else to read. ������^re5r^v  The "last word" has not yotASW^^1  been   said   about   very   many vXX������  things. Last words will be tor. "  the last people to say.  Cherish a kind act and return  it as quickly as possible. The interest on it compounds rapidly,  and if not soon paid it wfll be  beyond   your   power.  You will see more or less in  nature out-of-doors according to  the nature within yourself.  YOU CAW DEPEND UPON BREAD  MADE FROM ROYAL STANDARD  FLOUR  Because ROYAL STANDARD is  a steady, dependable flour, uniform in  strength .and quality throughout.  Because ROYAL STANDARD  is made from the heart of the plumpest, sun-ripened wheat kernels.  Because ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR is absolute-  v  ly pure. All dirt and foreign matter are strangers  to ROYAL STANDARD.  WHEN YOU BAKE YOUR BREAD YOU WANT  A FLOUR THAT YOU HAVE CONFIDENCE  IN,! ROYAL STANDARD IS THAT FLOUR.  INSIST UPON;. GETTING IT WHEN YOU  ORDER.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  LIMITED  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA ���������v-  THE WESTERN CALL  .. '   /:FHday, September 10, 1915.  1  THE WESTERN CALL  XH. H.V STEVENS,  M. P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:      X  203 KINGSWAY, VANtJOUVEifc, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRtfTIOti:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  GOD IN THE WORLD  THE TRAGEDY OF THE COMING and goin'g  of Christ was that 'he was in the world and  the world knew him not.' Prophets and  poets had predicted his advent, a ^people had  rested their hopes again and again on his presence with them; they had waited for Him at  times with bated breath. Then He came and  lived among them, healed their sick, raised their  dead, spoke to them as men had never spoken  before, lived the ideal life before their eyes���������  and they killed Him. They killed Him because  they never saw him; they expected Him to, be  born in one condition, and He was born in another; they, looked for the.evidence of His divine mission in one form, and it was given again  and again in another form.V Th> trouble with  them was that they were not jreally looking for <?  Him, they were looking for the confirmation of  their own ideas of Him..They were not really  waiting for Him; they were waiting for the fulfilment of their* own expectations. X  \ And to this day men have made the same  blunder. God has been always present, and  they have not seen Him. They have prayed earnestly for his coming, and he" has been beside  them; they have cried out in agony for His presence, and He has stood beside them..  The faith of many, men and women has  been shaken if not destroyed by the awful devastation of the war. They .feel1 that God cannot be  present in a world in which such an' appalling  tragedy is possible.  What has happened has been the loss of the  illusion that the world has become civilized, that  the sense of justice and of brotherhood arid the  hatred of injustice and cruelty had become general over a large part of the earth. The higher  education of manias not gone as far as many  of us thought. God has" not" disappointedv us,  but humanity has grieviously disappointed us.  And yet, after all, humanity has not failed; it is  a widespread idea- of the progress of humanity  which has vanished in the^storm of war.  God's-presence in the affairs of men was  never more impressively evident than in this  terrible crisis. That presence is evident, not,  as many seem to'think, when the barns are full  and the banks are reservoirs of wealth and comfort is widespread and ease of mind and body  are shared throughout the world. God's presence is shown when the foundations of false prosperity are broken up. God is never so impressively present as when the world is driven back  from false goals by fire and, tempest.  The presence of God in the world is \not evidenced by any. kind of outward prosperity, Vit  is evidenced by the inability of the race to buy  comfort and ,ease by ithe' sale of its soul, by the.  breaking up of the n^ost powerful combination  to .purchase, prosperity, at -too high a priceXby  the apparent disasters which destroy great  schemes at the very moment when they are to  fill the treasury at the price of spiritual integrity  and freedom.  Men have made great advances in many fields  during the past two decades; many noble 'things  bave been done and many noble spirits have devoted themselves to the service of God and of  their fellows. But there has been also throughout  tbe world "an immense increase of corrupting  luxuhy and debilitating ease. Hosts of men and  women have been bartering their souls for pleasure and ease. Art in many countries has lost  that spirituality which is the very, soul of  beauty. Immorality has become respectable. In  some countries the absorption of society in the  work of the hands has been tragical in its intensity and its growing blindness to the beauty of  life. The soul of the modern world has been in  danger of becoming the slave of materialism; and  in the end materialism is both brutal and savage  THE MATE'S YARN  Lnd now with a tremendous shock men are  brought face to face with their souls and with  God. Materialism is dying on the battlefields of  Europe. It may succeed for "the moment, but it  is doomed. 'Unrighteousness often wins battles ; it never wins campaigns,r vvrote a distinguished American recently.  This is a'time for faith, not for doubt. God  is in His world and the soul of the world is  alive again.���������New York Outlook.  A KISS FOR   "JUDAS''  MR. W.--J. BRYAN, ex-United States .Secretary  of State, is-at.present receiving much mirthful  attention from the press for having been the  recipient of a fervent hug and kiss from a big be-  whiskered German farmer named Graber on the  conclusion of his Chautauqua  address at Kingman,  Kan., on  August  25th.    The  impact   was  so sudden that Mr. Bryan did not have a chance  . to-sidestep, and'when-the buss had been planted squarely, the recipient backed away, and murmured .something like 'thank you.'    Graber had  been reading Mr. Bryan's paper for years, admired  him  and determined  if  he   ever got  the  chance to see him he would kiss him!  x-    vxV    I ���������' ��������� ; :VV\::xl;y,:;  We was just a poor mine-sweepin' t^wl^,"X;  Wiv' a 'ole in'er bo*wrs plugged up roughX : V.  We,'d been sweepin' fur thirty-six hours,  When the skipper said, "Stop, that's enough,*';  So we headed 'er nose away 'omeward  Dog tired, but I guess all serene  When lo! there appeared very near us  What we thought was a 'un submarine,  ,  \x... '   "    n.  v-  She came nearer an' hoisted 'er colors  'Twas our own Union iJack to be sure  An' 'er cap'n yelled out to our skipper  "I'll board ye'r in a minute or more."  So 'e comes 'an 'e says to the skipper  "I've met with a breakdown that's bad  You must tow me to Jellicoe's flagship,  I've a message fur which 'e'll he glad."    ,  m.  "Ter the devil wiv Jellicoe's flagship,  I'm fed up an' tired like hell  We've bin workin' fur thirty six hours  Without 'ardly five minutes spell."  Then the submarine skipper was sorry,  Says 'e, "yer's a 'undred quid."  "'And over ye'r gold," said our skipper,  "'An then I will do as ye bid."  ���������;���������*...  IV.    ..  Then the skipper said, "God Mess my kiddies,"  Shot 'is fist in the naval man's eye  "God curse ye, de'ye think I don't twig ye,  You swine of a dam German spy,  I'm only an ole fishin' sailor, \  But you've got that there flag upside down,  An' 'e shot 'im right over the bridge rail  Sayin' "the place fur such swine is ter drown."  '������������������'.;������������������'.... ���������"  :.y//k':t//Jk. "/'.������������������ :'k .- ;'���������"���������;  Bang���������Bang:���������came a gun from the V boat  An' shouts "Gott Straffe England "us well ,  Bu������ the answer they got from the skipper  VWas the short'an' concise "Go to tell,"  We were sinkin', 'tis the last I remember, ,  I don't know if the skipper pulled through  Yes, Cap'n John Dale was a Briton  Ah' 'twas just what a Briton would dox  ���������W. A. Ellis,  MR. STEVENS MAKES REPLY  A REPLY TO THE IMPERIAL CHANCELLOR  SIR EDWARD GREY, the British Foreign Secretary, in a letter to the press, has replied to  the   extraordinary  statements  made  by the  German Imperial Chancellor on the opening of*  the  Reichstag recently.   Sir Edward  denies  in  vigorous terms: that Belgium trafficked her neutrality with.the allies,  and the  declaration is  ' made that Germany herself deliberately 'violated  the neutrality of the ��������� kingdom. Sir Edward says  that 'there has been nothing more  despicably^  mean 'than Germany's attempt te justify her in-;  yasion of Belgium by 'bringing against the ihpfr  fensive Belgian government and people the totally false charge of having plotted against Ger-'  many.'    "After'- clearly showing that Germany  forced the war upon Europe, Sir Edward says:  'With regard to the attempts before the war to  bring about a conference to settle the    points  in dispute, though Germany refused to enter the  conference it did not decide Great' Britain's participation  in  the  war,   but  it  did  decide  the  question of peace or war, ind signed the death  warrant  for theV many hundreds  of thousands  who have been killed in this war. 'Sir Edward'si-  reply to the German Chancellor's distorted review marks a .change in the official British at/-  titude towards anything said by Germany. Previously the foreign office has not troubled to re^  fute  German mis-statements, but henceforth it  has apparently decided to 'nail the enemy's lies'  before .hey have any opportunity of obtaining  credit.  TheV provincial ^G^neral^Election. in,: Prince  Edward Island will be held on September 16th.  Every traveller leaving France hereafter will  be_ required to declare the amount of funds in  coin in his possession. If he has more than 50  francs he will be compelled to exchange the excess for paper money under a decree issued on  August 27th by the minister of finance. This action resulted from an investigation of the  scarcity of. silver coin. It-was jammed between  'the car and the platform systematically for export. Even coppers and nickels were sought and  exchanged at a premium.  A supertax of 50 per cent, on all importations  from countries hostile to Great Britain was announced on August 27th by the New Zealand  minister of finance, Sir Joseph Ward, in introducing the budget in parliament. Several tariff  schedules are.to'be'raised. Automobiles, chassis  and bodies will pay 10 per cent, ad valorem,  and kerosene and petrol eight cents a gallon.  IRON MONEY IN GERMANY  THE BUNDESRATH or Federal Council of Germany has passed a law providing for the  coinage of iron 5-pfenning pieces (11-4 cts).  The demand for 5-pfenning pieces is great, especially because* quantities are in circulation in the  hostile territory occupied .by Germany,-, and more  are needed. Under present cireuriistances, however, the use of nickel as a metal for their  coinage is held to be inadvisable.  Straightforward Answer is Oiven  to  Cowardly Insinuations  by  . Liberal Nominee.  .1912. In that charier'the pu^eilBixB^^the'Dominion Trust Com  are fully and adequately protect  ed in every regard, and had the  tertns   of that   charter,  and,its  LIQUOR IN FRANCE  A BILL   has   been   introduced   in the   French  chamber of deputies by the minister of finance,^ providing for a  comprehensive reform  in the liquor trade.    The measure  contemplates  suppression * of privileges enjoyed by private individuals, who are now permitted to distil brandy  from "their own ..fruit, and for an increase in the  tax   on   alcohol   from -12   francs   ($2.40)   to 25  .francs a gallon.    To this is added a tax on consumption of 5 francs a gallon on appetizers and  liquers.  On Wednesday evening Mr. J.  S. Cowper, one of the nominees  of the Liberal party for the provincial house, addressed the members of Ward Five Liberal Association, and in the course of his  remarks made a number of insinuations coupling the name of  the federal member with the affairs of the defunct Dominion  Trust Company. The following  reply is in answer to the charges  alleged: X  Western Call:���������  , In the Sun of this morning  there is published an article  headed "Charges that H. H. Stevens was aware Dominion Trust  accepted deposits illegally,"  which article is, reported to be a  statement by Mr. J. S. Cowper,  and I ask you in fairness to myself .to give equal prominence to  the statement I wish to make in  regard to this matter."  This statement of Mr. Cowper's is a deliberate distortion of  fact, and he must have known it  was such when he made it. In  the first place he seeks to connect my name with the Dominion  Trust by saying that I was formerly the secretary of the company.   J. A, ���������.���������>-  I resigned from* the Dominion  Trust ins'January or February,  1908, ortover seven and one-half  years ago: I! designed from the  Domiriiori-'Trust at that time because I disagreed with the action  of the directors in the proposed  appointment of Mr. Arnold as  managing director, and because  I disagreed absolutely with the  methods used by Mr. Arnold in  making loans for the" company.  Mr. Cowper further states that  1 "was a co-director with Arnold in the Canada Middle West  Trust Company, an Arnold flotation. ' ��������� In, this way, he seeks to  impress the public that I was in  the confidence of Mr. Arnold in  his operations.. As a matter of,  fact, the Canada Middle West  .Trust Company had a local board  of directors, consisting of several gentlemen, of whom I was one.  As near as I can learn up to the  ^present, this company escaped the  .losses which so many other unfor-  tnriate companies suffered in connection with the Dominion Trust  In any ease, I had absolutely no  connection with Arnold in the flotation of the company, and the  insinuation made by Mr. Cowper  is simply a-low and base attempt  to besmirch my'reputation. V  He states that ''The nature of  the business was communicated  by the minister of justice to Mr.  Stevens and in turn communicated by him to Arnold." If this  statement is true (and I have no  recollection" bf it at the moment)  t aim being condemned for having; advised the Dominion Trust  Company of their haying illegally  accepted deposits. But, sir, the  facts put an altogether different  aspect on this question.  The Dominion Trust Company  applied^ for "and ^securedJ&Abbm-  inion   charter   in   the  spring of  power been observed there w^*d>l& 4*&ion pf the terms of those char  tejrs;    and   this   violation    wasl  Shown only to the auditors of the]  not have been a  collapse ofvjjfe)  company.  During the  debate 'on"  eepting money on deposit was  fully thrashed out. It was one of  the most bitterly contested poinds  before the banking and commerce  committee that year. The rnOiM  gage and loan companies of Canada fought against giving that  power to trust companies,,and: it  was decided then that it,was riot,  advisable to give a trust cpmf  pany the power to receive de0s-  its. It was pointed out, however,  that the Dominion Trust already  had that power, andv had for  years received deposits.-  It was further suggested on the  floor of the committee that the  trust company could organize a  mortgage and loan company to  take over that part of its busi-;  ness, which was subsequently^  done by the Dominion Trust ���������Com?  pany in the year 1913, when; the,  Pacific & Eastern Mortgage Company charter was secured. There  was no secret about either of  these charters, They were fully  advertised and applied for 'in the  usual mariner, and in- regard; to  the first, was debated for weeks  before the banking and commerce  committee in Ottawa.  Mr. Cowper, referring* to. .the  Pacific & Eastern Mortgage charter, "states that "this charter is a  most remarkable one. In spite of  the federal government's pronouncement that it will allow  none but chartered banks'to accept deposits, this charter ajlows  the mortgage company to engage  in a deposit business," etc. This  statement of Mr. Cowper's is also  glaringly inaccurate. As a matter  of fact there are a large number  of mortgage, and loan companies  organized under the Laurier Liberal government, which Mr. Cow  per supports, who have been for  years accepting deposits, and  some of them are among the  soundest concerns in Canada, and  no criticism has ever been directed against them. What the Dominion government and parliament  did state was that it "would  not allow trust companies to have  the' privilege of. accepting deposits," arid this point was very  Ifully thrashed out before parliament.    X     .XV.'V  .  Mr. Cowper further states that  for over a year before the company collapsed, Mr. Stfevens was  aware that deposits were held illegally. This is, on the face of i;t,  positively untrue. I was aware,,  as was every other- person,"that  the new Dominion Trust charter  of 1912 did not give the company power to accent deposits.  But I also knew that the company had power to "accept deposits under its provincial charter,  arid also under the charter of the  Pacific and Eastern Mortgage  Company. Had the Dominion  Trust Company placed its deposit business under this company, and operated it according  to law, no depositor need have  ibljt^centXv^"X"" ~ - ���������-  As a matter of fact, the col-  **-  pany h'as\ no connection with thel  charters under which they dp-j  jeaated, but rather with the vio-  the charter  the  question  of  ac-/company and to Mr. Arnold, its  managing director. I had rio mora  knowledge of the ..situation than]  any "other "citizen of-Vancouver",: \  Mr.' Cowper,  however,  is - not]  iAtmhSsdT.with   a   complete  mis-  statement ( of the, facts, but pro-J  ceedsVto -;state,V:"Mr;; Stevens ;jjs]  now, beingCmade ithe subject Joi. ka\  !el|im  by; the  liquidator^;jof^v^ei  I^iriiriion T^iist -for the retrirn-ofl  ^5:000 Vloari, made by^Ar&ld^ol  Mt. Stevens at ^aboutthe time the f  Dlcftninioh Trust Bill  passed; thje j  House in  Ottawa."* Thii^Vair^sl  another falsehood in its entirety-:''!  'The ^cts are- as follows:"- In the  Vear*i910  the  WesternXErijgine-  and Supply Co., Limited', was organized to purchase the business  of, Mr. J. J./ Harford, consisting  %f a gasoline engine business: The' j  original purchase price was $13,-  000,L$4!OpO being paid in cash, arid  the balance, an equity in two lots  on the- corner of Alexander street  and Jackson avenue: This   was  subsequently changed on account  of the departurexof-Mr. Harford  to tne old country, to $4,000 cash  arid two notes (which ~I endorsed)  for $4,500 each, which sum  (#',0UO) was to have been retir-  doii the sale of the aforementioned lots.     w-   _   <  Shortly after this, certain questionable resorts were established  on Alexander street .and 2 was offered .$34,000 for the corner referred to. I,refused that and several other offers because of. the  character of the would-be purchasers. J still" hold these lots.  The two notes referred to  ,above were discounted' by .Mr.  Harford with the Dominion  Trust Company. The business of  the Western. Engine ahd Supply  Company, Limited, proved a complete failure, and' I have lost  through being an endorser for  thid company,' the sum of u|p-  wards of $10,000. I, retired one  of the' aforementioned notes, and  the other" ran along 4for some  period. It-was' subsequently renewed in(mysnan\e, and 1 deposited security (with" the Dominion  Trust Company -��������� valued N at-.$8,-  000 for,the protection of the same  which, they, still hold. ill  The statement of Mr. Cowper'a  that this loan was made at about  the.time of the passing of -tnis  charter, arid his inference {hat it  had some connection therewith, is  absolutely false, and as I have  already Ptated, the~ loan has been  runningliince the year 1910, arid  was made* originally to Mr. Harford on the notes of the Western  Engine and* Supply Company,  Limited, for whom I was an endorser:  I trust, sir, that in all fairness  you' will' publish this statement,  as the only object Mr. Cowper  could possibly-, have had in his  statements as published in the  Sun, is that for political purposes  he might succeed in damaging my  persona^ reputation.  " A   H. H. STEVENS.  Vancouver. Sept. 9, 1915.  THE DAY  By W.  S. P. Walsh  Some day fresh green will creep along  the Belgian lanes,   X  Some day the flowers will open to the  ..-     May.;  And on the grave of my brave soldier  boy the grass will grow,  But not to-day.  Some, day the birds will build their  -nests again around I411e,  And on the dunes again -will children  ���������     play;  Some day kind time will toy tor bud  upon my aching heart,  But not to-day.  Some day the widows of Louvain will  cease to weep,  And from the ashes of those ruins grey  Will rise a city fashioned by the love  of  all  the  world.  But not to-day.  Some day .the soldiers, will come back  again from France,  And Britain v will be hnng with banners gay; '.���������������������������'' ''- X  And I shall see them marching past, I  the comrades of my boj>  _��������� But not to-day.  Some, day, that golden some day which  the future holds,    ���������-���������  When  trumpets blow and angels line  the  way;  My soldier boy will come to meet me  down the glittering ranks,  And he will say:  "Welcome,   brave   mother   heart,   the  day at last has dawned,  The parting and the pain have passed  away." >ll9BB  Yes, I shall see, my ears shall hear,  my heart again grow young,  Upon that day.  Mount Pleasant Shoe Repair Shop  BEST SHOE IlB^IIimG ^^TOB "HILL.''  Three Months' Guarantee on Work Done on Ladies' or Men's  ��������� ^'.';v'vgh6e8.'.v?':'''f;;  Work Done-.While You Wait.  Rubber Heels Put on in Ten Minutes.  2429 Main dtrest, Next to Lee Building  South Vancouver, Notice!  NEW FEED STORE OPENED  With a Complete Supply of POULTBT. 8UPEUSS, HAT, OSAZN,  '^OTOP,:'E*aX';;V  Vernon F^sad Co,  49TB AND FEASOR  X  v (Branch from Mt siouaat)  WE STAND FOB QUALITY, SERVICE    AND    LOW    PBIOBB  BANBURY'S  For  LUMBER-SASH-DOORS  WOOD & GOAL  Pkone: Bayview 1075 4-N  Fridays September lft,.;Jr915  V  Q^  THE WESTERN CALL  sjass^ws  The B.C. Consumers' League  and' fifty Vancouver Retailers Offer  M     I  ������������������4. 1,1  ' t Ii I <      '        ' '  S^^Prizes  For Patriotic  '���������':';.! f  X  X*XX;  Three are cash^pri^jpf $25.00, $15.00 and  ,   $10.00.   Each o|!fthe ���������^r^aining fifty prizes is  an order ona:^^g^^,W^.for merchandise  tothevahic^  V ���������'��������� '".  ��������� ���������       %'-i"XTo^'f.,.���������.���������.'.onr.  ��������� ". ���������'"-.-"..'     ',���������'���������'��������� ' '';'.' ������������������.'>;r'!V>--:'rr'.Hf.t;������3 .'.'������������������      ������������������ .    '   ���������.  The prizes will" be awarded for obtaining members for the British Columbia Consumers'  League. . \  There is no fee or charge of any kind connected  -with becoming a member. Practically^every-  bo&y you ask will, be glad to join the^ League,  beeause all that is required is to sign a card  agreeing to give the preference in -buying (price  and quality being equal) to the products, first,  of British Columbia; second; Canada; third,  the. British Empire. You will find the pledge  card at the bottom of this space. - ^_  ii. r- *  Over one thousand of the cards have already  been signed, but the" directors of the league  are determined to'obtain,- within the next two  months -  ���������*JJU  4|J>      |  5000 Members  * ���������,-    i  \ *    > i  Competition Will Stort My 8  It Will Close September 15th  "*Ni ��������� ,i '   i j     <.'  With so many prizes, you will have an excellent ,  opportunity to win one of them. Resides having a fine chance to win a prize, you will be doing a work most important to the progress ancl  , welfare^ of this city and province. Call- at the*  office of the League (or write ft, you live out  af town) for pledge .cards, rules ot the cam-  petition and full information.   Then  Work for Production,  Prosperity and a Prize  The pledge card is as follows:  Realizing,- the importance of promoting the Industrial and agricidtviralv progress of British Columbia and the Empire, I hereby ask to be enrolled  as a member of the British Columbia Consumers'  League, agreeing- to advance the objects of the  League by giving the preference in purchasing  (price and quality being equal, first, to the products of British Columbia; second, of Canada;  .third,v; of the British Empire. ^  Name  Address  .....  ��������� 4 i.   ;..���������; ,::  Come in or write today, or as soon as you can,  for cards and full information. The above  coupon, signed andvbrought or mailed to the  office, will be "regarded as a regular pledge  card;  ���������   ��������� ���������* '���������'-������������������      ���������    *"������������������   X   ' ,. -x ���������  -    .      '  "        X -  B.C. Consumers' League  183 PENDER STREET WEST  (INDUSTRIAL BIJREAU BUILDING);  PHONE SEY. 4242.        VANCOUVER, B. C.  THE WOOLLY APPLE APHIS  This pest is very common in  many sections on the Coast and  Islands. As the weather conditions have been favourable for  its development it is present in  greater numbers this year than  in Ithe past, and where trees are  badly infested some treatment  .should be given or they may be  badly injured., '  JThe woolly aphis is easily  recognized by most people he-,  cause of its characteristic appearr  ance. At first glance, a number  of these lice feeding together  appear like a mass of cotton;  closer inspection reveals the louse,  the body of wbich is purplish  brown, but is covered with a  white waxy substance which  takes the shape of threds and  which serves more or less as a  protection.  These lice are found on the  twigs', branches, bark and roots  of apple trees. On the twigs  they appear in clusters on the  more tender bark, especially at  the axils of the leaves. Two,  other very common points o^in?  fection are in partially healed  pruning wounds and on suculent  water -sprouts. Their work on  the new growth results in a swelling which often cracks open  later. The injury on the roots  of a tree takes the form of a  knotty enlargement, and is considered the most serious form. It  often causes the.death and rotting., of a portion of the roots,  thus weakening the support of  the tree and cutting off a portion  of the food supply. The roots  infested are usually those not  more than six inches below the  ground and within three feet of  the tree trunk. ,  . The annual loss of young trees  by this pest is considerable. The  lice gather on the trunks and  cause the death of the bark below the point of attack. This  results in a bad spot being formed which will eventually kill the  tree. Control of; these insects ,is  simple if proper methods are employed. Spring infestation may  be started as follows: First, by  the individuals which have lived  over winter on the parts above  ground and hidden an old  wounds and scare; second, by the  hatching of eggs laid in the* fall.  third, by many immature lice  which may pass the winter ne^r  rhe surface of the ground at the  base of the trss^ and fourth, By  the, half-grown lice which spend  the winter on the roots.  The best time to spray is when  the insects begin to appear early  in the season, and a spray com-  ���������posed of "Black Leaf 40", diluted one part to eight hundred  parts water, is recommended. If  two pounds of soap (laundry or  whale-oil soap) are added to each  100 pallons of the above spray,  it will' be found more effective.  The spray must be applied with,  force enough to penetrate' the  white waxy secretion and must  coyer the bodies of all the insects in order to be effective. For  the lice beneath the ground on  the roots of; the tree the earth  should be_drajmJha^���������nntUijthe  infested area is exposed and -tHen,  the roots should be well sprayed with the Black Leaf 40-spray,  as recommended for the tops,* or  -2 to 4 pounds of coarse tobacco  dust'may be sprinkled around the  roots, and then replace the dirt  removed.  In working with pests of this  nature, the work should be thorough. The spray should be of  the proper strength and applied  with force (100 to 150 pounds  pressure) and every insect should  be reached. A second application  may ,be needed to make the job  a complete success.  be obtained in a healty condition  by maintaining the roots in a  similar state. The roots collect  the food from the soil {ind convey it to the leaves, and if anything is amiss with the former  the latter, is bound to suffer.  Once the ends of the leave!  turn brown you cannot restore  them to their formerly healthy  condition. >. All you can do is to  carefully trim off the dead part  with a sharp pair of scissors,  then add sufficient Condy's fluid  to the water to turn it a pale  rose color, and apply the liquor  tp the roots at each' watering.  The safest and most rational way  to water indoor plants is by immersing the pot for a quarter of  an hour in a vessel of water. If  this be done' once a week in the  case of palms, aspidistras^ and  bther large plants, and twice each  week in that of smaller ones, during the summer, and every ten  days at otherN seasons; there  would be ho risk of the roots becoming too dry ror too moist.  .. j. ������������������_i~_ -���������. ���������  A $1,000,000 FAEMINO  PROPOSITION  BUTTER NUT  ch as  Butte*"  ANtl-j  Troth  at all  Stores  5c a  Loaf  (16. os.)  Delivered  Fresh  Fairmont  -.44-  Full 16 oz. Loaf of Butternut  I 4 ,  Bread for 5c.  COMES WRAPPED  v ' Bich as Butter���������Sweet as a Nut���������That erisp,  vbrown, buttery crust which seals in the; rich  flavor of the soft,'white bread.  BUTTERNUT BREAD COMES WRAPPED, so  besides being appetizing and wholesome it is  absolutely CLEAN. ."'    -  Try  a loaf.   Next time  don't  merely buy  a  -loaf  of bread; IN8IST. on  eettine  BtJTTEB-  'N.mv ��������� x ���������     -Xx   -.   -.  Shelly Broe, Boko Ovone  ���������Also Bakers of 4Z BRBAn  V  WINDOW GARDENING  OAvnerg of window boxes  should see that the plants are liberally fed with artificial manures  from now onwards. The plants  will have filled the box with  roots, and hence require additional food. Purchase one of the artificial foods sold in pa,ckets or  tins by florists and place a tablespoonful in each gallon of water  used at each watering. If by any  ehancc'the soil should be very  ilryV give it some clear water  first to moisten it, then apply the  fertilizer. Never sapply lipuid  fertilizers to soils that are  dry, otherwise they are apt fo  burn the roots. Moreover, apply  the liquid direct to the soil and  not over the foliage. Treat hanging baskets and tubs in the same  way. V  , Aspidistas and palms grown in  rooms often turn brown at the  tips of their leaves. This is usually due to either failing to  ', give sufficient .moisture, or to  j giving too much to the roots,  thus "causing the latter to shrivel or to decay.   Foliage can only  The proposition made to the  eity council last week by Mr. II.  H. Stevens, MP., in connection  with employment for ratepayers,  is likely to broaden out somewhat from-the original idea. The  proposal was to secure.some land  near Agassiz and clear it, thereby providing an opportunity for  productive farming in the. course  of a short time. However; the  initial scheme may broaden out  enough to allow it to comprise  the unemployment problem of all  of (Greater Vancouver.  Mr. Ireland, city relief officer,  ljas a\ proposition to present to the  city council this afternoon. One  of' the 'proposals is to approach  the councils of municipalities in  the neighborhood of Vancouver  together with the provincial government if the land-clearing plan  proves feasible. After that a commission might be appointed to  carry the proposal to fruition and  finance jt.  If 20 acres of. land,is allotted to  o homesteader, five or more acres  of his property might be cleared  for him so that he; might com  mence  operations  at  once,  and  the man himself be made responsible for the remainder. The lum  ber might be sold when it is cut,  or it might be left on the land  for the construction of homes, out  buildings and fences. In any event  some timber should be left standing to ensure a permanent supply  of firewood. It is doubtful- whether a man can make a living on  five acres of land, so that more  than that would have to be cleared on each allotment. Donkey engines and proper equipment .would  vastly reduce  the cost of  clearing "  The 6000 acres composing the  Agassiz Indian reserve is now entirely wraste, land. The Indians  have done nothing to cultivate -it  and Mr. Stevehs has expressed  the opinion that it might not be  difficult to secure title to it. Even  if half the reserve in the Fraser  ^Valley should-be -found--unfit for  cultivation, the other half would  divide into 150 20-acre farms, supporting 150 families. Many of. the  fruit,and other farms outside of  Victoria are  only  ten  acres   in  extent. XX ���������  v* Another phase of the scheme is  suggested by the fact that only  ratepayers will be. placed on these,  lands when they are cleared. By  giving them farms the city removes : 150 families of. taxpayers  from the city. On the other hand  by developing even in a small  way the agricultural resources of  the Fraser Valley the city will  help to answer the great objection of many citizens. "How can  Vancouver grow ?''. say these  ���������people, "when she has,no farms  around her to support her  growth and make it permanent?"  OHAS. CHAPLIN'S DELIGHT  "Natty Bat HW  A delicious combination of pure, velvet Ice Cream, Chopped Nnte and  Fruits,  15-cents.  THAT NEW STORE  167 Broadway E. Le������ Buflding Kitr Main  Boxes and Tables for the Ladies  ROD AND GUN  Rod and Gun-for September is  out and is a special duck shooting number. Bonnycastle Dale, the  naturalist-writer, contributes the  opening article,' a readable one;  on "Live Decoy Ducks aod  Shooting over them." "Duck  shooting in the Cariboo" is an  amusing story of the experiences  of two duck hunters who saw  plenty of ducks but failed to  shoot any. "After the Black  Ducks;';' "Two Hundred Acres of  Geese," "Duck Breeding in "the  Park Country, Alberta," are other  stories that give a wild duck flavor to this number, and in addition there are other interesting  stories of outdoor life besides the  regular departments devoted to  gunning and fishing. W. J. Taylor, Limited, Woodstock. Ont., are  publishers of this magazine of  outdoor life.  Now is the  Time  to Buy  GARDEN  HOSE  We have a special Sale of Hose on now.  Regular $5.50 for - $4.75  Regular $5.00 for -  $4.00  k   '>   <       t        ' '   \ -        ' *"  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.    Phone us yonr order.   We make prompt delivery.  A  W,R0wenJMorrisQ������  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone FaiM47 ;       2337 Main Street  :k'AvW\  * V&rm  A* X  ;  ,,. ^ .-.  -1     iii-iil  You Can Save Money  ���������������-** ������mpmii U >*. m^m^9M99mrA9m*i*m9n$mmW9m*w9mm9mrMm9^  By  Using  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  ^ZS-Geirtr  THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  32 Bides on  TangoTickets  $100  Yonr Saving on  $1 Investment  60c  32 Rides at  a 5 cent fare  $1,60  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B. C. ELECTRIC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  Good (without transfer) on any B. C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. until midnight.  HORSESHOE BAY  (Near Whytecliff Station)  PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY  *:���������      *      *      *  A Beautiful Bide.  Splendid Picnic Park.  Bathing* Beach and Bath House.  Swings, etc., for the Kiddies.  Smooth Water for Boating.  The Best Place to Catch Sea-Trout.  * . *  There is always "something doing" at Horseshoe  Bar. ���������> X .   .  Round Trip Adult Fare  FIFTY CENTS >>  Friday, September 10, 1915.'  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily'menu  published'this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, September llth  "Life affords but few opportunities of doing great  services for others; but there is scarcely an hour of the  day that does not afford us an opportunity of performing some little, it may be  unnoticed,  kindness."    -  Breakfast���������Pears. Cereal with Cream. Eggs in  Ramekins. Hot Scones. Coffee.   ,      -  Dinner���������Barley Soup. Breaded Cutlets, Tomato Sauce. Steamed Samp. Shell Beans. Indian  Custard Pudding. Coffee. -  Supper���������Tomato Toast. 'Watercress. Baked  Apples. Potato Doughnuts. Tea.       X  Potato Doughnuts  Beat two eggs until light, add one and one-  half cupfuls of sugar, three teaspoonfuls of melted butter, one cupful of mashed potatoes, one-  half, teaspoonful of salt, one cupful of sour  milk in which one teaspoonful of soda has  been dissolved and finally add enough bread flour  to make a dough stiff enough to roll.  ��������� ���������'  ���������   -'���������  Sunday, September 12th  "As I walked by myself ..   ; '  t talked with  myself, X-  And myself said this unto me;  Make friends with thyself  Be true to thyself  And, thyself thy good angel shall be."  . Breakfast���������Melon. Cereal with Cream. Broil-,  ed Sweetbreads. Parker House Rolls. Coffee.  Dinner���������Clear   Soup.   Roast   Young   Duck.  -Walnut" Stuffing. Mashed  Potatoes.   Cucumbers  in Cream   Sauce.   Lettuce   and   Orange Salad.  Grape Sherbet. Wafers. Coffee.  Lunch���������Cheese and Nut Sandwiches. Sliced  Peaches. Coeoanut Cakes. Tea.  " Cucumbers in Cream Sauce  ���������' Peel the cucumbers, cut them lengthwise into  quarters, simmer in salted water until tender and  drain. Cook one and one-half tablespoonfuls of  flour in an equal quantity, of butter, add gradually one and one-half cupfuls of thin cream,  season with half a teaspoonful of salt, one-quarter of a teaspoonful of pepper and a grating of  nutmeg and stir and cook until thick. Add the  prepared cucumbers, heat thoroughly, turn into a  hot vegetable dish and sprinkle with  chopped  parsley. '  ��������� ���������   ��������� ���������  Monday, September 13th,  "When wealth is lost, nothing'is lost;  When health is lost, something is 'lost;  When character is lost, all is lost."  / "���������  Jfreakfast���������Bananas. Cereal with Cream. Frizzled Dried Beef. Graham Puffs. Coffee.  Dinner���������Okra Soup. Brown Stew of Beef.  Dumplings. Corn on Cob. Cabbage and Red Pep-,  per Salad. Bread Pudding. Coffee.  *���������     "       -       .  Supper���������Duck and  Toast. Trifle. Tea.  Orange Salad.   Buttered  Duck and Orange Salad  Peel tlie oranges with a sharp knife, cutting deep enough to remove the white, then cut  the fruit into small pieces. Add twice the quantity of cold cooked duck, dress with oil, salt and  papkira arid serve in nests of lettuce leaves.  ���������   ���������   t   Tuesday, September 14th;  '' Not one man in a thousand is brave enough to do  right when the. tide sets the other way. It takes no  courage to go with the crowd, but the man who is willing to stand alone in the right is* the truly brave  man.''  Breakfast���������Grapes. Cereal with Cream. Broiled Smoked Haddock. Wheat Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Bouillon. Roast Leg of Lamb. Brown  Gravy. Currant Jelly. Mashed Potatoes. Spinach.  Snow Pudding. Custard Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Browned Hash. Pickled Pears. Pecan Nut Bread. Caramel Custards. Tea.  ���������  Pecan Nut Bread  Mix and sift two cupfuls of bread flour, four  tablespoonfuls of sugar, four teaspoonfuls of'  baking powder and one teaspoonful of salt.  Work in, using the fingers, two tablespoonfuls  each of butter and lard, then add one cupful of  milk, one whole egg and one egg yolk well beat-'  en in small pieces. Beat thoroughly, turn into- a  buttered bread pan, cover, let stand twenty-five  minutes, then bake three-quarters of an hour in  a moderate oven. '  ��������� .-���������   ���������  Wednesday, September 15th  Strange will of nature;  ever so  She weaves the shadow with the sun.  Only so far our dreams may go,  And joy and sorrow they are, one!  ���������Frank Dempster Sherman..  Breakfdst���������Stewed Prunes. Eggs Vermicelli  on Toast. Waffles with Syrup. Coffee.  Dinner ��������� Sago Soup. Cold. Lamb. Currant  Rice. Succotash. String Bean Salad. Chocolate  Cornstarch Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Tomatoes Stuffed with Crabs. Dressed Lettuce. Bread and ��������� Butter. Sliced Bananas.  Lemon Sauce. Tea. XXX-'."  Tomatoes Stuffed With Crabs  Remove a slice from the stem end of six  smooth tomatoes of equal size, scoop out part of  the pulp, sprinkle inside with salt, invert and  let :stand one hour. Melt one tablespoonful of  butter, blend in one tablespoonful of flour, stir  in gradually one-half cupful of strained tomato  liquor, season with one-half teaspoonful of. salt  and one-quarter of a teaspoonful of paprika, then  add one-half, pound of crab meat .and one tar,;  blespoonful of finely chopped sweet green pepper. Pill 'the tomatoes with the mixture, sprinkle the tops with grated cheese, then with buttered crumbs, place in a buttered pan and  bake until brown.  .���������   ���������   ���������   ;..;  Thursday, September 16th  Reflect upon your present blessihgs-^f which every  man has many���������not' upon your ' past misfortune���������of  which all men have some.  ���������Charles   Dickens.  Breakfast���������Fruit. Cereal with Cream. Boiled  Eggs. Rusks. Coffee. X  Dinners-Vegetable   Soup.   Hariiburk   Steak:y  ' Paprika Potatoes. Baked Onions. Pickled Beets."  Orange and Apple Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Meat   Croquettes.   Hominy   Stuffed1  Olives.- Peach Shortcake. Tea.  i   ������������������ X"'-' -   ; " '       X' ��������� :������������������'  Oranga and Apple Pudding  Moisten three cupfuls of bread crumbs with  one-half cupful of melted butter. I*eel^and cut  into dice enough well-flavored ..apples to._make,  two and one-half cupfuls. Butter a baking dish,  , fill with alternate layers of crumbs and ap:  "plesj sprinkle with three-quarters of a cupful  of sugar, the juice and grated rind of one orange  and one-third of a cupful of water, finish with a ;  layer of crumbs and bake one hour in a moderate  oven. Serve with cream and sugar.      X  ��������� ���������   ���������  Friday, Setember 17thi  That day is  best wherein we  give  A thought to others'sorrows;  Forgetting self, we learn to live,     i  And blessings born of kindly deeds -X  Ms^ke  golden   our  to-morrows." '  - -    Breakfast���������Grapes.' Cereal with"CreWrPun>  Omelet. Crisped Bacon. Coffee Bread. Coffee.  Dinner���������Onion Soup. Baked Halibut . Egg  Sauce! Potatoes en Casserole. Tomato and Cucumber Salad. Peach Tarts. Coffee.  Supper���������Peppers stuffed with  Rice.  Pelery.V  Baking Powder Biscuits. Honey. Vanilla Jumbles.  Tea. '   - vX-vX .  XXX  Potatoes en Casserole     X'���������      XI  Wash and pare potatoes of equal size, cover-  with cold water and let stand one^. or more  hours. Drain, place in a buttered casserole dish,  sprinkle with salt and pepper, spread each potato with one teaspoonful of butter, cover and  bake until soft, turning three times during the  baking. '..'"."''  28,916,000 square miles, or fidly  half the earth's surface.  Of the 60 nations usually given  in the list of nations of the world,  19 are at war or directly concerned in it.  PLAY "OP! AND PLAY THE GAME  There's a breathless hush .in the close  to-night���������  Ten    to  make    and   the   match   to  win-1- *  A humping pitch and a blinding light,  1   Au  hour  to  play and the last  man  in,  And it's  not for   the1, sake   of  a  ribboned coat,  Or   the selfish   hope   of a   season's  fame,  Hut his  captain's hand on his shoulder smote,  "Play   up!    Play   up!   and  play   tho  ' game!"  The sand of a desert is sodden red-  Red   with the   wreck   of   a   square  that broke���������  The   Oatling's jammed   and   the   colonel's dead,  And   the   regiment   blind with   dust  and smoke,  The river of death  has brimmed  its  banks,  And England's   far,   and   Honor a  name,  But  the voice of  a  schoolboy  rallies  the ranks, .  "Play  up! Play  up!   and  play the  game!'' X  This is the Word that year by year  While in   her place   the   School   is  set,  Every one of her sons must hear,  And   hone   that   hears it   dare  forget���������  This they all ���������with a joyful mind  Bear   through life   like   a   torch   in  flame,  Arid failing fling to the host behipd���������  "Play;up! Play up!   and play   the  ganie-"  ���������.-Henry Newbolt.  A NATIONAL MILITIA  Tentative< plans are in process  of formation by Col. Jose Marti,  chief of the general staff of the  Cuban army for the creation of a  national ���������militia, as a second line  of defence in the event of- war.  All Cuban citizens of military  age, of good repute and capable  of passing the regular medical examination are eligible for enlistment and the organization equip-  ] merit .arid arming of the force will  Jbe uniform with the regular  iarmy. Officers attd men'.'.'Will be  required to attend drills twice. a  week and their arms will be kept  in the barracks of the regulars to  be issued only for drills or when  the militia is. called into active  service. No estimate has been  made as to the probable strength;  of the force that can be raised-No  limitation is placed on the enlist^  ment and it is believed that the  service will prove very popular  in Havana and the other principal  cities. '  PHESEBVAVIOW OF  WJJ.P  :.������**������'  SEDUCTION IN PRICE  Best Wellington  Lump .������po.&u  Wnt $5 50  Now is the time to put in your winter's supply.  FARM PRODUCTS  Hay, Oats, Etc.  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  .Seymour 5408-5409  HALF THE WOELD AT WAB  The great European war has  already involved more than half  the people of the world.  Various estimates of the  earth's population are given,  and the figures are believed to be  between 1600 and 1700 riiilions.  Over 963 millions, or considerably more than half are now at  war, though -,,riot actual combatants, in that they are subjects of,  or under the protection of, States  now. engaged in hostilities.  Of this total 421 millions, or  nearly one-half, are subjects of;  King Oeorge, or nnder British  protection. '  More than half the world in  the geographical sense is also involved in conflict. The land surface of the earth (including all  the waste places, such as the Polar regions) is estimated at-'55,-  500,000 square miles.  The territories, colonies, and  protectorates of the nations engaged in the war are in extent  The popular impression in Canada that the preservation of wild  life^ is^merely a ^(BsirJ^li4yXSot'  a. positive necessity���������is' fatally  false and is responsible for the  serious inroads already suffered  by our game resources. Public  opinion has been powerless to  check destruction and will ' remain so as long as the campaign  for wild life protection depends  upon an appeal to sentiment for  its dynamic forde. No conservation issue can progress far on  that basis. The people of this  continent move more resolutely in  response to economic motives and  the necessary prelude to proper  protection of .wild life iri Canada  is wider dissemination of exact  knowledge regarding its money  ^value.  Recent experience in the United-States illustrates the force of  economic motives. For several  years, efforts were made in that  country to secure federal protection * for migratory game birds.  The campaign was chiefly an appeal to sentiment and made little  headway. The proposal was then  extended to include ; insectivorous  birds, wide publicity was given  to the fact that insect pests damaged crops annually to the extent of hundreds of millions of  dollars and within one year a  popular demand, that years of  sentimental appeal had failed to  arouse, forced congress to pass "a  law placing all migratory birds  under federal control. The preservation of wild life achieved  the status of a national business  enterprise.  Canada's wild life is as valuable as that of the United States.  To preserve it as a nationial asset we need not pursue the mer  fhod adopted by our American  neighbors, but we do require to  gain their sane viewpoint.  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competi  tors are snowing signs  of weakness.  impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions,  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective;  ���������" ��������� >       ' ��������� x -^ -. '-������������������     ���������'��������� '.'���������''  i ��������� ."'."'���������'      ���������       .     '     .X "' '���������'    ' ':  Your Printing should  bring this to your ens-  tomers' attention not  only in connection  with^c^^nf^  turnery, but with all  printed matter arid  advertising.  WE PRINT   CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY Friday, September 10, 1915/ * X:  I  The Vancouver and District  '< Football League has met and appointed i.s" officers for the year,  and ,will proceed henceforth with  the drawing up of the schedule.  There is likely to be a curtailing  of the number of games "to Xbe  played .this3 year. Since the open:  ing of *** the war a large number  of the1 best players in the ctyy  have gone to the front, and there  is, consequently, a dearth of good  material. The games ought to, be  of greater interest, however, on-  account of- this. .  .The boxing bout in New tY6rk  this week between Gibbons and  McFarland is said to be interest--  ing->a tremendous number of fight  fans. A purse of $32,000 is the  prize, and there is to be no( decision in the matter. Both men are  in the pink of condition to battle ten rounds. And who wouldn't  be. There arc plenty of mit artists in the world who could put  up a much better exhibition than  either of the above celebrities, and  would do it for a great* deal less  than $.32,000. The people of the  United States are strong- on  .scrap in their own backyard, but  when it comes to something worth  while (honoring  their  signature  to the'smallest man in the realm.  -The U. S. is the home of pugilism of the ten-round no-decision  ���������variety in more ways than,.oneX  ' ��������� Nationals of Montreal ' have  won the eastern lacrosse title this  year in the N. L. U. They will  play the Toronto team,, for the  championship of the east, and  then���������oh, no, no trip west any  more. The eastern teams are wise,  experience ,has told them that a  trip' to the coast would be fruitless if- in quest of the Minto cup.  According to those best informed in lacrosse matters it will; be  many summersyet ere the famous  lacrosse trophies of, Canada leave  British Columbia. New Westmin-  ���������^r Ifes a fresh team iri line for  the highest honors in lacrosse,  ^nd ihe, best the eastern teams  could do would be a poor stab at  ther championship;       ���������-.-   v  Tacoiria has taken three in,; a  row from Spokane this week; and  Vancouver and Seattle have,been  idle on account of rain. The majority of fans on the coast seem"  to be pulling hard for Seattle,  and on present form it appears  they will pull up on the Indians  to a scrap of paper, for .instance) ���������A week or two more and it will  they quit cold from the President  be all over for this year.  HE ATI NG E^������^uranMottoiciency'  Our Business has bees built up' t>v merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers. *  1095 Homer St. Sey. 661  Seattle pulled ahead of Spokane on Thursday when they secured a wi nover the Beavers,  while the Indians were slipping  another peg with Tacoma. It  looks as> if the jig was about up  for the Indians. .  # #   *  A benefit football match is to  be^ played on Cambie street  grounds to-morrow afternoon be-  teams of the first and second diy-  ision, the proceeds of which will  go to the Soldiers' Tobacco fund.  ������ #   #   *'  , tlans for, a monster carnival  of, sport are under way for Sep.  18th on Brockton Point grounds.  The proceeds of this affair will  go towards the Red Cross fund.  ��������� ���������   #   -  National Biscuits and Snider &  Brethour teams will play a championship baseball match to-mor*  row, for- possession of the Taylor  cup: The game will take place .at  Athletic Park at one o'clock. v  ��������� .*.'-.���������'**   **  Keen interest is being manifested in the. baseball race in the  National * and 'American leagues.  /At the present- time Philadelphia,  Boston and Brooklyn are working hard for the honors in the  National, with the chances favoring last year's champions, Boston. There are still three weeks  of ball before the winners will be  definitely 'known. In the American league Boston and Detroit  are headliners. Detroit is playing  wonderful ball .this year, and the  veteran Ty Cobb expects to be  on a world's champion team again  "this year.,  the government out are wholly  selfish and without any thought  for the betterment of the people.  The party is out for easy money  and good jobs, that is all.  I am the last person to defend  a corrupt government, Liberal or  Conservative, or to t shield any in  authority who have abused their  trusts in any wayv but I hold  that the frenzied accusations of  'hungry and unscrupulous politicians against" their opponents  should be received with caution  dand only after careful investigation has shown them to be well  founded.  ONLOOKER.  Fairview, Sept. 8, 2915.  CORRESPONDENCE  CORRESPONDENCE  ��������� x  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  /  , --.  5X9 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. 0.  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  . Perfect in finish.  ���������.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED   "  * Vancouver, P. C.  SCENES IN STANLEY TASK  Editor Western Call1:  ' Sir,���������Even the most unobservant and - unsuspicious of people  must have noticed the austerely  virtuous attitude of the* B. O.  Liberal party just now. So highly strung and,-sensitive is this  righteous sentiment in them, that  it vibrates to the. .slightest pecca-  dille of the McBride government.  This worthy people are utterly  shocked and horrified at the (alleged) villanies of the noxious  tories. One might think that the  Ross government in Ontario had  never existed.  Is this indignation genuine, or  is it merely assumed as' a. means  to an end?, In all the diatribes  and   condemnations   which   have  been hurled againstthe B C. government by thV opposition press  and by the leaders of the party,  I have not noticed one single ex  pression  of  sorrow or of regret  that our rulers should have fallen   into   the   depths   of   crime,  which   it  .is   so   freely   asserted  they - have   done.   There   is   no  mourning over their lapses from  honesty and integrity, no regrets,  no. tears.   No. the   feelings   and  expressions   of  the  Liberals  are  purely those of delight and jubilant  triumph  over  the   fall    of  their political opponents.     Why  is   this?   The   answer   is   simple  and  obvious.     The crimes���������real  or*   fictitious���������of    the    McBride  Government. apparently  open up  1he froad,   heretofore   hopelessly  Hosed,   to" the treasury "benches  ^or   the   opposition, ' whence,   if  <*ey get-there,  they will  be  as  shamefully     and     disgracefully  "iected -in a.few years, as they  hope to turn out,the. present gov-  ornihcht,. and   for  precisely   the  salme' reason  which  they   allege  jpsraiiist their political rivals. Or  ,*11 precedent   and   history   goes  "for���������'��������� nought*'.   Such is  the work-  ins:; of* our'''party,system of government, of which ij-Joldwin Smith  predicted    many   years    ago    it  would  bring the  British   em Dire  to destruction unless it was radically amended.  In ,order to be ready for t.he  nroposc/i trip to the treasury  .benches; ��������� and ' tbe money chest  ���������which is their ultimate goal, our  T'ibnral friends have prepared . a  nlatform, as they, call it, on which  tbey rely for success in their ad-  XhtuvcThis is composed of various' planks named-'Woman Suf-  h'-jiire." "Honest Administration, "\ 'Clean Government," etc.,  etc.. and so-called, to- eaten t.-X  imagination of the electors and  deceive them into the belief that  here comes ah honestV upright,  ���������^n-nable list of'administrators at  last';''...;     V. ';-'.  . .Alas the so-called platform i������  -.���������-y^ely a raft which a number of  shipwrecked Liberal mariners  J'Viye hastily constructed out of  the wreck of the ''Liberal party  vessel," and upon which they  fondly hope to be gently "wafted  ashore on Treasure Island whereon is the government money  chest. Once ashore the castaways  ���������will at once abandon their previous raft according to immemorial custom, and loot the chest,  also as usual. Tn that the efforts  of  the  opposition  to  turn  668���������32nd Ave E.,  " -���������.    VV    .   South'Vancouver,  X 7th, Sept, 1915:  Editor Western Call:  Dear Sir,���������The late ex-councillor Lieut. A. V. C. MacPherson,  who was killed In action at the  Dardanelles, was a particular  friend and partner of the writer.  If the enclosed .short arid wholly  inadequate appreciation of him is  of sufficient merit, and of inter--  est to any of your readers, I  would be pleased if you would  publish same in your valuable  paper.     I am,  Yours sincerely,    *'  A. H. SEYMOUR.  Alex.  V,. 0. MacPherson, of  Burnaby  "Under the wide and starry sky      ' ,  Dig'the grave, and let me lie  Glad did I live, and gladly die  And I \laid me down with a will.      '  This be the verse you grave for me  Here he lies where he longed to be  Home is the sailor, home from sea  And  the hunter, home from the hill.  ���������R. L:- Stevenson.  "I am instructed by the King  to convey to you his sympathy  on the death of. Lieut. A. V. C.  MacPherson, who was/killed in  action on the 25th August���������"Kitchener."  -  This is the message'received by  the widowed mother, who has lost  her son, and thus; Burnaby learns  of   the   death,   in  the Empire's  MEALS ARE NEVER LATE  WHEN you have a NEW PERFECTION Ofl  Cookstove to help you with tbe Cooking.  It lights at die touch of a match���������like gat, adjusts instantly, liigh or low, by merely raising or lowering die  wick. It means "gat stove comfort with kerosene oil/*  NSW PERFECTION Oil Cookttoret are made in 1,2, J, and 4  banMT tinsi if your dealer cannot rapplr you, writ* ui direct.  10YAUTBOI1. ______  oivm      U.GM  BBST RESULTS ��������� !?\K_J  ICH  "NOWSSKVINO  HOMBS"  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  limited  mUUNCHESBIjCs.   ALL OTtES    ���������  Made in  Canada  Your ad. here will bring you results.  J.^ Dixon  House Phone: Bay.  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rianufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhainging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1066 Dunsmuir St. Vanooi  ir. B.C.  cause, of one of. her best l_nownl he. - ^% pe.,a t������ldiT ^X^l  WATER NOTICE  citizens. Hundreds^of thousands  of similar messages are being received by mothers and wives and  families in every part of the Brit-  ash .Empire.  We read bur ^morning or evening paper,, and learn, as the case  may be, that a certain position  has been stormed and taken; or  that our men have been unable  to hold the position captured in  the night, that our losses amount  to  so  many hundreds,  or thou-  .sands. "We are impressed with the  awful Carnage of the strife, and  the noble sacrifices made by our  gallant   soldiers.   But   it is the  single message, acknowledging in  simple, but sincere language, the  gratitude of our King and country that brings that "something  in   the throat   that  makes it so  hard for us to speak," and concentrates as it were, in a, manner that makes us realize, as nothing else can, the terrible price  we- are paying-for- the freedom;  not only of our own, but of the  other nations of the world. To a  very large number of friends and  acquaintances his  death  will be  felt, as a distinct personal loss,  and:the. residents of Burnaby in  particular  will  not  soon  forget  the happy and lovable personality  of Alex. V. C. MacPherson.  To know him was a pleasure.  To have him as a friend was to  admire and love him. His strong  loyalty to his friends, through  good report or ill, was something  that , no one who experienced  same is likely to forget. He was  a natural soldier, a fighter, aggressive, ; courageous, devoid of  fear, a son of a soldier, a MacPherson, whose mother was a  MacDonald. With the blood of  such ancestors in his veins, and  the traditions.of such families to  live up to, it was not surprising,  when the call came for Canadians  that he, was among the first to  go. With a clearness of vision,  that since proved to be accurate j  to a most remarkable degree, he  anticipated this awful war. Some  years before the war lie discussed  the -probabilities of same, and  gave reasons for his belief. So  he was ready, ready, to fight for  his country, ready for the end he.  has met. _���������  ���������'.  Intermixed with our feel ing of  sympathy -for the members of his  family and with our feelings of  sorrow at the loss of a friend,  are''/feelings of pride and a great  satisfaction.  He has died such a death as  h������Xwould have chosen. He died,  a native born Canadian, leading,  as was fit and proper, for a MacPherson. a detachment of Rovalj  Scots.   He   died   the death   of  a  wife and family have, lost airus-  band and loving father. The  widowed mother has lost her son.  Many have lost a true friend.  Burnaby has lost a MAN. He was  my friend, faithful and just to  me."  A. H. SEYMOUR.  NAVIGABLE    WATERS    PROTECT  JON ACT  Jo the Matter of tbe Navigable Waters Protection Act, Revised Statutes  bf Canada 1906, Chapter 115.  NOTICE  is  hereby  given  that  the  Shell   Company,   of   California,   Incor-,  porated,   has   deposited   with   the   Department of Public Works at Ottawa a      A copy of this Notice and an appli-  plan showing the proposed wharf and   cation   pursuant  thereto   and   to the  docks on  the foreshore  adjoining the   "Water Act,  1914," will  bo filed in  Easterly five^ hundred feet of District Ithe  office of the  Water   "Recorder  at  (Diversion .vid Use)  TAKE NOTICE that Isaac H. Larimer and Thomas M. Beamish, whose  address is 16 Hastings Street East,  Vancouver, B. C, will apply for a license to take and use one and one-half  c.f.s. of water out of Frederick Creek  which flows North-westerly and drains  into Frederick Arm about one half  mile N. of S. W. Cor. of Lot 35. The  water will be diverted from the stream  tt a point about one and one-half miles  from the mouth, near center of South  boundary of T. L. 4*?8729 and will be  used for flu in ing purpose upon the  lands described as Lot 33, T. L.  3S728 and T. L. 38729.  This    notice    was    posted   on    the  ground  on  tlie   23rd   day   of   August,  1015.'  Lot ..215, Group 1, New Westminster  District, in the Province of British  Columbia, together with a description  of the proposed site, and has deposited  a duplicate of such plan and description at the office of the District "Registrar of Titles a������t. New Westminster, in  the_Prpyince_ ofBritish^ Cohimbia. 1  AND %OTICE IS ��������� FURTHER"  GIVEN that, at the expiration of one  month after the first publication of this  notice in the Canada Gazette and in  two newspapers published: in or near  the locality of the- said work,^the said  Company will apply to the' Governor-  in-Council for approval of the construction of the said proposed' works.  DATED this 4th day. of September,  J91B.  X     McDOTJGAL    &    McTNTYRE,  Solicitors for Shell  Company of California, Inc." , ��������� '   .       . )  Vancouver, B. C.  Objections to the 'application may be  filed with the said Water Recorder or  with the Comptroller of Water Rights,  Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C,  within thirty days after the first appearance of this notice in a local  -newspaper...^.......-^.^..^-,...-,.-^   The date of the first publication of  this notice  is September 10th,  1915.  ISAAC   H.   LARTMER,  THOMAS   M. BEAMISH,  Applicants.  By C. J. Pfitzenma'cr, Agent.  A. G. Spalding, the well known  manufacturer "of sporting goods,  died at San Diego, Cal., yesterday.  GO  to your dealer today  and ask to see the various styles of Leckie Shoes.  Step into a pair and note-the real comfort.   Comfort  and wearing qualities have always been first considerations in the manufacture of LECKIE SHOES  ,���������they are honestly built.     "     -  Then again���������every penny you pay  for LECKIE SHOES is kept in British Columbia to; keep the wheels of  industry-' humming���������to. keep payrolls  going.  Why buy foreign made shoes when  i/EGICIE SHOES are BETTER and  cost no more? You'll find LECKIE  SHOES the best shoe Investment you  ever made.  fitia^ir^KSSefSitn^ \  8  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, SeptembeXlO, 1915..,  h -  i  1  t  pi  ft  i  m  U  1  MT.  PLEASANT Y.P.S.O.E.  The regular meeting of the  above society was held in the  schoolroom on Sunday evening. A  large attendance was recorded  The topic, "Throw Yourself Into  Your Task," was very ably taken  by Miss J. M. Robertson. The  meeting on Monday next will take  the form of a social to which the  Normal school students have been  invited. Strangers specially welcome.  A marriage, of interest to many  Vancouver friends took place on  August 31, at the home of Mr  and Mrs. John H. Brandon, Bran-  donhurst, Penelon Falls, Ontario,  when their daughter Fanny  Clarke became the wife of Dr,  Malcolm AT. ��������� MacEachern, M.D.,  CM., superintendent of the Vancouver General Hospital. Dr  and Mrs. MacEachern are expected in Vancouver at the end of the  month.  WESTERN TRIPLE   CHOIR  The  annual   meeting   of   the  above organization was held on  Wednesday evening. The following officers were elected: Honorary president and conductor, Mr!  George Taggart; president, W; H:  Nanson;     vice-president,     John  Jenkinson; secretary-treasurer, W.  Reid;   publicity   agent,   W.   E.  Payne; accompanist, H. Barlow;  librarian, C.   Martin.   Executive,  T.  D.  Macdonald  and  J. Hum-  _ phries. It was unanimously decid-  * ed to  give a series of six concerts during the season, two for  the benefit of the Red Cross,twp  for the benefit of the Vancouver  War Fund, and two for the General Relief Fund.  Sunday afternoon in Stanley  Park a musical and military demonstration will take place in aid  of the B. C. Base Hospital No. 5.  The Australian Cadets will be on  hand and will take part in the  program.  The" cost of. the Georgia viaduct  is $493,982, of which there is still  some $44,000 to pay. The viaduct is yet without street railway connection, and from present  appearances will remain so. We  expect to hear something tangible regarding this matter about  January next. Some aldermen will  be looking for votes, but the ratepayers will have to be shown before they will be hoodwinked into  casting ballots this time.   .������������������ X  CITY SALVATIONISTS  WELCOME COMMISSIONER  JUKDAY SERVICES  "St. Paul's Presbyterian���������Rev.  Mr. Burch, of Westminster Hall,  will preach in the morning, and  Mr. Lister in .the eyening. The  subject of the evening discourse  will be "Always Rejoicing."  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian���������Sacrament of the Lord's Supper will  dispensed in the morning, the ad  dress being on "A Man/ of Sor  rows"; in the evening "the sub  ject will be "The Value of. Sincerity."    Pre-communion service  this Friday! evening it 8 o 'clock.  TJtie pastor, Rev. A. E. Mitchell,  will officiate at both services on  Sunday. -.... ,,.-,  flft. Pleasant Methodist V���������: Reyil  Djt, White,of Sardis, superintend-jnestiy about tne^ importance of  A very large turnout of Salvationists and their friends greeted Commissioner and Mrs. Sowton, heads of the Salvation Army  in Western Canada, when they  appeared in Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church. Rev. A. E. Mitchell, pastor of the church, welcomed and introduced ithe guests  of the evening.     X  Commissioner Sowton said in  ���������reply* "lam indeed greatly impressed with the hearty welcome  and warm reception accorded to  .Mrs., Sowton and myself on this  the occasion of our' second visit  to Vancouver. It is nearly sixteen years Isince we first; visited  the cityj At that time you had a  population of less than 25,000,  and yet the town was considered to be one of great importance.  1 am impressed by its remarkable  growth since then and by the way  its people have grown with it."  The /commissioner spoke on his  work in India, delating many incidents in connection with his  work throughout that country. In  his address he also commended to  the comrades in Vancouver, Brigadier MacLean, who has just  taken charge of the British Columbia division. He knew the brig-,  adier as a sterling worker in the  cause. Closing his address th������  commissioner read two , verses  from the eleventh chapter of  Genesis from which he drew the  lesson that "Now is\ the opportune time to look after the spiritual needs of life, "advising his  hearers not to be contented with  half measures, for " Procrastination is the thief of time."  Mrs.; Sowtonispoke  very ear-  Miss Irene Currie is leaving' the  city shortly to visit her sister,  Mrs. (Rev.) John W. Woodside,  in Toronto.  Monday last, Labor Day, was  an ideal outing day- for\Vancou-  verites, and "'thousands of people  took advantage .of, the- weather.  The north shore, as ever, proved  to be tremendously .popular, ���������and  the bujk of the day's traffic went  in that direction. Many' others  went to White Cliff, while countless numbers took in the excursion trips on the boats to sound  centres. Tke day was ideal and  was thoroughly enjoyed. _        ,  CANADA  POISONING THE CHILDREN  ent: of missions,  will preach at  both services.  Aft. Pleasant Baptist-^-Evangei-  ist Cameron, of Australia,will  preach at���������both;services'! The moro-  inf subject "A Few Glimpses of  the Glorious Christ," evening subject, "The Kingdom Wheii  Christ Comes."  Cedar Cottage Presbyterian-  Rev. J. S. Henderson will' plflS-  ciate at both services.  Grace Methodist���������ReV^Mr. jpt-  -ler will preaelf afr bothXtefviceir  The morning address "Does Religion  Pay 1";  evening  address)  "A War Letter."  the work in which she and her  husband were engaged, and' expressed! her. tlianks to all those  present sfor the fresh encouragement which their warm welcome  had given.them.       \ ~'  \ ���������.-, Brigadier MacLean, divisional  superintendent of the army in  ���������Vancouver, and many other officers o������ the local corps were seated oh the platform. '  v Commissioner and Mrs. Sowton  **yi!l!.ret^Jojthe_eityIon Saturdays^���������������������������will be here for a grand  weico'me on behalf of the city to  b* made .at a public gathering by  Mayor Taylor.   ���������  WOOD  ������    DOMINION WOOD YABP  "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $6.00 in No. X Distriot. also  All kinds of Mill Wood  Phone: Fair. 1564  I'7!  f  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages    ,  at all hours. .������������������������������������"���������"  Phono Fairmont 84tf  Corner Broadway and Main    ** '      A. F. McTavish, Prop.  Tune: "Q, Canada," by Lavalee.  Lord of the lands, beneath thy pending skies, .>'..������'  -On field and flood, where'er our ban-  ner flies, X       <. . X,  Thy people lift their hearts' to Thee,  Their grateful Voices raise,  XMny our Dominion ever be X ���������  A temple to thy praise.  V      T^hy will alone      v  Iiet all enthrone;  Lord of the lands/make Canada thine  own;  Lord of the lands, make Canada thine  own!  Almighty   Love,   by  thy   mysterious  power,  In wisdom guide, with faith and freedom dower;  Be ours a nation evermore  That no oppression blights,-  Where justice rules from shore to  shore,  ���������\   From Lakes to Northern Lights.'  _ May   love   alone  For wrong atone;  Lord of the lands, make Canada thine  own; ,  Lord of the lands, make Canada thine  1   own!    *  Lord of the worlds, with strong eternal hand,  Hold us in honor, truth and self eonv  inand: , *  May all our race with constant auw}  'Have courage to he true,-  Imperial ties more firmly bilid  And all the earth renew.  Thy name be known  Through every zone;  Lord of the worlds, make all the lands -  thine own; "*,  Lord of the worlds, make all the lsndjs  thine own!  .     ���������Albert D. Watson.  'i"  *  The following is from the Ottawa Citizen: "The sincere temperance advocate has the greatest  consideration for people who  have used alcoholic liquors more  or, less all their lives not knowing  that 'the practice was harmful  either to themselves' or to the  children thats might be born to  them. But the truth in respect to  alcoholism must be declared again  and again that people may free  themselves from this great' menace to the individual and the nation. '  What is the truth and where  may it be found? Great government commissions in many countries have spoken; science has  spoken with no uncertain sound;  church conventions of all denominations have spoken and the  great employers of labor have  spoken, and they all agree that  alcohol in any form if used frequently is poisonous to the drink-  errand his offspring.  Read and weigh; the following  sentences from t^e report of the  French commission and determine  for yourself whether the'-Citizen  attaches too much importance to  this matter:   *<"'  'Sins of alcoholic parents are,  visited on the children. If they  survive infancy they are threatened with idiocy or epilepsy and  many are carried away with tuberculosis. For the health of the  individual, for the existence oi  the family, for< the future nt %he  nation, alcohol is one of the most  terrible scourges:"  These are serious words^from  a source that should ^command  respect; if the newspapers generally wouldj>rintandreprint them  as an antidote to the false state-'  ments contained in* liquor advertisements which appear day after day the problem would gradually solve itself. So long as the  truth concerning this evil can be  kept from the people the liquor  traffic will thrive and the race  will be degenerate. And it is because this result ii inevitable that  the Citizen holds that every effort should be made by govern*  ments, municipalities, newspapers  and other, educational channels  to<������pread a' knowledge of these  facts."���������H. Arnott, M.B., M.G.  P .S.  W<T -_���������*  t  ARE YOU MOVING INTO A FLAT  Wl  es,- and removals in modern  If so, numerous household articles fill.jSW be Required. Don't store thesi  valuable articles any old place; but i^tf^lfaiittfe" in our nfew ," Security Fire  proof Warehouse," absolutely/the''finM^|^|'lj^. Bates no higher than yoi  would pay elsewhere without the sam&JKp^ae service and protection  also do expert packing, shipping at eut >"r^SKht*il"  "Car   Vans."       See   Us. -   '    ,   X^^  - "WE KNOW,HOW"  rAMPBEU������ST0RAGE~G?MPANy  Oldest jmdmRa&TlHrWts-r|egN Canada^  .  THotI^evmoubTMO^  Om&B&jizATnisr&ux  Advertise in The Western Call S&SBS?  To transact business * successfully,  there  must be no delay.   Neither can you afford  A ���������"<, i*A \     -  to guess what-a man's answer will be.  TELEPHONE! Don't    wait    half    a  week for the * answer that's  important.  Don't wait five minutes even.   It costs  i  less to telephone both in tho short and  the������long run.        x < . v  i ��������� . . ������������  >  All the Company's telephones lUfe-. afaU-:;  able for service day and night/     i f*    ���������  . i.  British Columbia telephone Co*  j*mt9i%  '���������<&  i  :-���������'������    <AiJ}  f. T. IWD-ISBBHtt, ?.**>.*., (Eitixx.) ������>.������., n.EM.%., Midtcal ������������������lth l^fertt W������oi������f feymonr ^o'  health Department, 150 BastiogB St Hast, V^couver, *% 04 August 88; ieVk <���������'  Messrs. Ramsay * piocWn, ������w������4 Msoufacturers, Va������couv������r, B. 0.  , ' ���������,        \  "pear Sirs:  Be 3BEAP WBAfPOfQ  suM**^-^*^^ r  \UL  In reply to yonr enquiry of too 25th lost., it U>%h*> opinion of ta������"M������W������t4 B������n4$b Officer, Pr. ?.  T. VnddrWH, ������a4 also wy opinion em ������11 tireads manuftctwrod for sale ;in *&% tfity ������J������oul4 99 m*p-  ped prtvious %o doHvory-      - > ' ".,X" \  rwther, when it is practictl for'this to lie accomplished without seriously iacrt*)|te4f tb* coi^of  tbe bresd to tbe consumer, tb������ cjty authorities will b������ advised to make oread wrapping compulsory. Obediently yours, UUQBNE PXiAJIT, M.B.B.?., ?iurp������rtoy of ������aberte*.    ���������   .  W, 8.���������Remission tor pufeUa%tion of ������bovo is hereby given if *���������***������*. -,...���������'  The Health Pepartment:  Urges that a|J Bread he] Wrapped!  This is for tbe protection of YOUR HEALTH! .  On September 4tb, we began wrapping EVERY JjOAF of ( -  "SMAX" ** ^SUNUGHT"  ���������Vancouver's FINEST BREADS!        ^ ,  OK THE SAM*: PATE we reduced* the PRICE to 5c peHoafT .  "Smax" and "Sunlight" are BREADS WITH A PEDJG^EEj *; 1  AND���������it is a CLEAN, WHOLESOME PEDIGREE!    ��������� ��������� ��������� ^ MI  It is given���������one instalment each day���������in the form of a little Jl^ || %  trated serial, entitled "ThefS.tory of BETTER Bread," wmpped  with each loaf, beginning Monday, September 13th.   Read ��������� it t ,It���������*....  is of vital interest! *  ���������*.������(?*���������  5c  rf  !j  Accept No Substitute*!   fNSIST on genuine  "SMAX" or "SUNLIGHT"  -:V.   -tmme on EVEkV WRAPPER  ' i.,'Jff$Lmml,','l������ii I'.  hampton-pinChin  Tel;I!airmont 443  Bakers of BETTER Bread  Tel. FairmontlOl^-:  NOTE:���������-The "Story of BETTER Bread" will begin���������one Instalment each day, wrapped  with each loaf of "Smax" and "Sunlight"���������during the week beginning Monday,  Sept. 13th.   Bead it!    X  v  .*  v54**'.*K^44U&***Ji,i^"4--J


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