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The Western Call 1915-09-03

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 < , I '  tl      ���������  4  X  J*  ." Z  1  Bedding Plante���������Ont  Flowera,   Decorative  .Plants.  Floral DesignB and  . Sprays,   etc.    Phone  /.your order.         ��������� ^  \r  Keeler's  Nursery  '    Phone,  15th  r i  Pair.  817  and Main  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and tbe Western People  T.J.  3. M. Mclntrr*       J  ������on������ral Dimeter  I. 1. Saazney * Oo.  Funeral   DUeetocs  At Tonr 8ervioa Bay  sad Xlght Moilauie  Charge* -  802 Broadway Wees  Phone: Pate. 1099  *       r'S '  volume vn.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  \ No. 17.  PROHIBITION A WINNER  "YOU HAVE A WINNER,V said a hoteHceeper  ; recently in  reply  to  a  question  as  to  his  opinion on Prohibition.r A brewery owner  said "The local trade will be dead within a  year and a half because by then'there will be  provincial prohibition." .These expressions  represent views voiced by hundreds of citizens  who are not prohibitionists and go to show that  "Prohibition is a winner," and we will succeed  if given a fair chance.  Two questions have been asked and it is  well to answer them promptly. First, why did.  the convention ask that the vote on prohibition  be taken apart from an election f Secondly,  why did they wish to draw the bill and have not  the liquor interests a right to that privilege as  well*  As to the first question the answer is that  it is desired to keep this question out of politics  and if the campaign synchronized with the provincial political campaign it was sure to become  involved in party strife. Some men would  promise support to catch votes without any intention of carrying out the pledge. This question should be disposed of prior to an election.  As to .the other question, it is pointed out  that we must know definitely what we are voting on. A Plebiscite only determines the, principle, and it is very easy to draft a bill which  is unworkable, and also later, raise a controversy as to what the Plebiscite really meant anyway. By presenting a bill it relieves the government of all responsibility and places it upon  those who claim to have the electorate behind  them, and if carried it is final.  Why not let the licenced victuallers draw the  bill? If they have a proposal which they are  willing to initiate and back,' let them go ahead,  but in this case they are directly opposed to the  movement, therefore, can only negative the question and certainly cannot in the very nature of  things expect to draw the measure; in other  words they cannot be- both "negative" -and  "positive" at the same time.  ' The government will *%o well to recognize  that this is v a spontaneous outburst of public  opinion and as such merits.,the utmost respect  and consideration. X   Xi&X^X ,'*  ?ANAMA 0 ANAX, TBAOTO  T������E FOLLOVfaNG INFORMATION, taken from  ���������   J4he' Canal Record, on the canal's -traffic for  |he fiscal year ending June 30, should be of.  interest to Canadian exporting houses. Addi-.  tional notes on the shipping regulations and  conveniences of the canal are also published,  together with two tables, showing the* distribution of traffic through tbe canal, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from the Pacific to the  Atlantic: ^  Snnunary of Traffic.  At the close of business on June 30, 1915,  was completed the fiscal year which included  all of the period during which the canal has  been opened to commercial traffic of ocean-going  ships. This period, from August 14 to July 1,  was 101-2 months, or seven-eighths of a calendar year.  Puring the period the canal was used by 1,-  088 vessels, having aggregate gross and net tonnage of 5,416,787 and 3,843,035 tons, respectively,  Panama Canal measurements, arid carrying a  total of 4.969,792 tons of cargo. u  ��������� The mSvmenT^  the period, or 101-2 months, is at the rate of  5,679,762 tons in a full calendar year; or 473,-  313.5 tons per month; Or 15,530.6 tons per day..  A summary of the number oiI vessels passing through the canal in each direction, and the  tonsof cargo handled, by months, since the  opening of the canal to commercial traffic (not  including the barge traffic prior to August 15)  is given in this table:  EASTBQUND  Month Vessels   Tons Cargo  August   ......... ......:...13- 49,106  September ...........27    ���������.'���������.'���������,141,762  October .....!..  ...44 168,069  November    .........;.....-. 54 206,510  December  ................43 179,235  January A....:. ........X..44 208,082  February 39 150,987  March 57 - 217,447  April ......:........ 59 237,384  May .:..... .'. 67 246,534  June     ".......I.,......: 83 320,619  WESTBOUND   ������������������ ���������   M  _ August    .....:.....��������� 11 62,178  September ..........30. 180,276  October    ....: :.._.:................40 253,288  Novemben   .:'. .....................i 38 2*2,291  December .............���������...._���������....,...... .���������....57 271,219  January .....���������.......:..���������.....54 ' v      240,925  February V J............;...... ..:53 276,078  March    ....:.......... .;..............80 417,610  April   .; ^...._..!:...v.X���������...���������..���������������������������.....;.......60 285,457  May '���������".-. :  .........::.......,.. ...75 332,174  June ........���������V......:X.X....���������......<.....:..���������....^....60. 282,561 V  -CURIOUS STORIES are Coming from Pelon! regarding President Yuan Shi-Kai whose closest advisers are said to be considering the  advisability    of Xpro^laiming    him    Emperor.  Should the plan seem feasible and public opinion warrant it Yuan will-be  crowned within  'two years.   Some of the most prominent men_in  China seem to  have reached the opinion that  a sterner rule than that of a republic is needed  to govern the tremendous masses of the Chinese people.   Prof. Frank Johnson Goodnow, of  Johns Hopkins University, iegal adviser to the  Chinese   Government,   says   that   for   China   a  monarchy is a better form of government than  a  republic.  COMPULSORY SERVICE  IN INDUSTRY  IT  MUST  BE EXCEEDINGLY  gratifying to  every British subject to learn from authoritative sources that conscription is unnecessary to get the required army. '  No finer tribute could be paid to a great  people than that they are willing, voluntarily,  to offer themselves in sufficient numbers for the  enormous .task which Great Britain has under- ���������  taken. They are fighting for the integrity of  the Empire. They are doing something even  higher and .nobler than that. They are defending the cause of Belgium. This small, weak  nation has not appealed to the British in vain.  The response in two and a half million men,  and billions of dollars, to preserve the independence of the small nations.  The history of the world does not contain  a better example of high ideals of democracy  than this response of the British nation to preserve Belgium- independence. That it could be  accomplished without compulsory service is  something which the Kaiser probably is; unable  to understand. He does not know the temper of  the British people.  While we are opposed to conscription except  as the last resort, we believe that compulsory  service for the manufacture of. munitions would  be a reasonable and proper measure. It is one  thing to force a man to give his services to industrial purposes, and something entirely different to compel him to give his life. It is true  that the great democracy of the United States  was saved by compulsory ..'service. In past)  times, England resorted to it.But it is gratifying to realize that the nation has got past that  stage in its existence and development, and  that it has reached a height where nearly every  man rcognizes his duty to serve. Those who object to compulsory service in the industrial life  of the country at this time should receive no  consideration. Selfishness is added to cowardice  with them. They will not volunteer' for active  service, -nor will they accept compulsory employment in order to enable their brethren in  France to succeed. There is/no serious hardship  in any man's being compelled for a year or two.  to work the full limit ef his strength, especially  while his neighbors are offering tfceir lives every  day 'to preserve" his liberty. K Lloyd*George  finds it necessary to* exercise the power which  the government possesses' under the statutes .to  compel men to work in the munition factories,  he will have the support and the sympathy of  K' every right-thinking loyal British citizen.  ���������Sentinel.  THE MOST POPULAR  MAN IN FRANCE  THE MOST POPULAR man in France, the most  ,, widely respected abroad, is probably Joseph  Jacques jQesaire Joffre. He seems to be a man  without roots, owing as little to Nature as to  nurture. A Southerner, he possesses hardly any  characteristic Southern trait. He is patient, silent  calm; with a Southern warmth of friendship  he has shown that he can sacrifice it to his  conception of duty. His parents were inconspicuous (his father was a cooper); yet he showed  at school a gift for. mathematics j and .entered  the Ecole Polytechnique, the youngest eadet,  near the head of the list.  ,( His present, again, seems to have little root in  ��������� his career. At forty-two he was still a major,  serving under a colonel some years his "junior.  From that point his promotion was a little  more rapid. But his life in the army "could hardly be called brilliant of particularly significant  until in 1910, he entered the Superior War  Council. The following year he was appointed  vice-president, a position which harries with itr  the responsibilities of. commander-in-chief in,case  of war. Those who came into contact with him  . were not left long in doubt as to the manner of <  man he is. He began to organize and reorganize. Like Kitchener, he had been an engineer,  and the engineers attract and breed a certain  . type of mind. The engineer has to deal with  4 strictly calculable factors which produce verifiable results. It is a cool, scientific craft, and  one who has been habituated to it for a period  of years comes to act almost by instinct in a  cool and confident way.  This is the character of General, Joffre. His  ^normal expression is confident. There is a deliberation even about the movements of his massive  ���������u figure, whose bulk dwarfs its height. He/ has  one quality of greatness���������simplicity. His- military directions are notably simple in comparison  with-the subtlety of the conceptions which shape"  them.  A-PVANOE OF HfmUHSM  i ___.__________  WAR HAS EMPHASIZED the cohesive qualities  of the British empire.   It has brought Canada. Australia, South Africa and India into  closer  relationship   with   the   mother   country.  , We have demonstrated our unity' of purpose and  action. "  Before the war broke out imperialism did not  ,have the marked support it has to-day. In  this country there was conflicting opinion on  the merits of autonomy as against an imperial  federation. Since Germany, started out to gain,  her world domination we have realized the virtue1 and. the strength of ' interdependency,  s Against a common foe we have pooled our resources, fighting all for one and one forVall.  future than it has in the past. It may involve  greater, obligations and responsibilities, but it  will; bring added prestige.  /The oldVbr^er of things is changing. The  component parts of the British empire areV being welded in the crucible of war. When we  emerge from the struggle imperial Britain will  stand for the highest expression of national  unity. The overseas dominions will have won  the voice they deserved in the government of  the empire for the good of the whole.  We find this .sentiment expressed in the Manchester, England, Times, which had this to say  in a recent issue:  ���������_''One cannot consider imperial aspects of the  war, without recognizing the anomalous position  of the overseas dominions in our scheme of  things. They have* been involved in a war in the  making of which they had no word to say.  They realize that their interests and ours are  identical. We know that they will be consulted  upon the terms of peace; but it is all informal in  character, lacking in organization, and therefore  unsatisfactory. We must look forward to the  formation in the near future of a true parliament of empire, in which all the self-governing states of the empire will be represented,  along with the united kingdom. With that imperial senate must lie the" making of peace and  the waging of war, the provision of naval and  military resources adequate to our needs, and  all kindred matters that, concern the empire, as  a whole."  KINDNESS AND CHARACTER  AMONG THE LAST THINGS Elbert Hubbard  did before sailing on the Lusitania was to  write from New York to an office boy, asking for an increase in wages.- The. note had  been overlooked in the hurry of getting away,  but was found in some papers gathered up at  the last minute. The letter was kind, fatherly,  contained a suggestion as to a personal habit of  the lad, and promised the advance asked for.  That little service rendered a boy amid the,  pressing duties connected with .the preparations  for a long journey is like a door opening into  the inner life and revejjiling the secret spring_of  conduct and character. 'X       ���������.''k'js&Bi  THE PHLEGMATIC BRITISHER  THE BRITISH IS BORN with an equable~and  - ' composed temperament. His emotions are  :. forced into' the channel of that temperament  -hjr hia own distaste,^! outward show, and mo^e,,  6y his life's companions' distaste for outward  show. Whatever his emotions they are forced to  flow in the same groove, and therefore, he does  not change. He is always the same, whether he  is going at a steady jog-trot through business  life, or whether he is fighting Germany. And  being always the same, yoircan neither make him  excited���������that is in the hysterical German or  the emotional Gallic ways���������on the battlefield, or  afraid. He is always himself, and himself has  not altered for a century.  War to him must be carried on in the same  way as his ledgers were ���������filled up, and his lawn  mown in civilian life. In. the former state he  frequently paused to light a pipe and contemplate the universe, in his new state he continues  the habit. In one of the fights a private smoked  steadily as he fired at the advancing Germans.  He puffed at his cigarette between his shots, put  the cigarette on a stone, fired, and took the cigarette again. When, he came back from a bay- \  onet������barge^hisxM^  cess his battalion had attained, but the fact that  the cigarette bad smoked itself out. The charge  was a minor success of many successes. The cigarette was the last���������W. Douglas Newton; in  "The Royal Magazine."  The civil tribunal of the Seine has sequesy  trated the property of the German millionaire,.  Herr  Jellinek.      This  property,  consisting for  the most part of real estate in Paris and the  Riviera, is worth about $40,000,000.  GROW AND EAT MORS VEGETABLES  (By Dr. Frank T. Shutt, Dom. Chemist)  Fresh vegetables are wholesome, palatable  and productive of good health. Though in direct food value yegetabjes yield a first place  to meats, it must not be supposed they Are destitute of those nutriments which build up the  body tissue and keep the machinery going. It  would be possible, though not desirable, to live  exclusively on vegetable foods. But vegetables,  and especially fresh vegetables, are not to be  regarded merely from the standpoint of maintenance, though we assert that now-a-days they  would make a good showing on the ground of  economy. Nor need we urge their extensive use  on the grounds simply that they are appetizing and furnish variety to diet. They, in addition, to those excellent qualities, possess a medicinal value; they are aids' to* digestion and  afford that bulk or volume to the food necessary for the right, distension of the alimentary t  tract. Many vegetables contain salts which are  gently * laxative, relieving constipation, that  scourge that is the forerunner of so many dangerous and not infrequently fatal, diseases. And  again, many vegetables, especially those used  in salads, have a special value in cooling the  blood, and, are, therefore, most wholesome, especially in the summer season.  Fresh vegetables are vastly superior to those  that are wilted from keeping a day or two, in  succulence, crispness and palatability. To.be  enjoyed at their best, vegetables must be eaten  strictly fresh. ,;';  MOSCOW AND CENTRAL RUSSIA  CENTRAL RUSSIA, with Moscow, the ancient  capital of the Gear, as1 its focal point; is_at  once the richest and the most thickly popul-~  ated part (93.73 to the'square mile) of the Empire. This region contains eighteen governments  covering-an area of 480,000 square miles, less  than one-half of the Petrograd district, but with  more than twice the population, vis., 45,000,000.  It is roughly two-fifths of the total-area of European Russia ,and stretches from Minsk in ^the  west to the frontiers,of Siberia and of Central  Asia,, a distance, ol 1,500 miles. A closer idea  may be obtained if. Central Russia is 'compared  to an area equal to Germany, France, 8witse*������  land, Belgium, Holland and Denmark, and a pop-,  ulation equal to that .of the United Kingdom.  As may be expected the large towns are both.  larger and more -numerous than elsewhere ( in  Russia.Moscow had, in 1912, a population of'l,-  617,000, and there weae also at least ten cHiei  with populations ranging from 40,000 to 80,000;  ten of from 100,000 to 170,000, and one each  of 190,000 and of 225,000 inhabitants. Railway  communications are, for Russia, relatively well  developed here, and to the south, but, compared '  with Canada, the mileage is relatively small* la!.  1914, Russia had 32 1-2 miles of railway.per -  100,000 inhabitants, or one mile for every. 3,125  of the population, against/Canada's one mile  for every 200 of her inhabitants. Russia, how-  ever, is beginning to realize the economic significance of. railway expansion, and from other  points of view the lessons of the present war  may be expected to accelerate railway development.  Moscow as a Business Centre  As a place of business Moscow occupies a  unique position.   The interests located there control and serve the enormous area* of which the  city .'forms literally, the geographical centre in ,  all matters of supply and demand for a mainly'  agricultural country, and it is through the Moscow merchants and agency houses, that foreign,  imports are brought'more directly before .-the''  consume**.   With characteristic , enterprise the '  Moscow |aerohantaJjM������ also organized and may -  be said itHi|k'a4(iiri^TTO' Siberian trade.   Many'ox  the most successful bf her citizens are Siberianr  born, who find' it 'desirable to reside in Moscow,  to direct the financing and the purchasing end  of their business operations.   Finally, industrial  Russia may be said to centre in this city, wber*  the Moscow Manufacturers' Association alone  forms almost a party in the State* and exercises  a potent influence on tbe tariff policy ot the  country. They are responsible for the Russian  textile industries, which centre mainly here, the  iron and steel industry, and many other manufactures, which are financed with local capital.  It was Moscow's initiative also that started cotton-growing in the Caucasus and Central Asia^  which now supplies a considerable portion of the  raw material of the country's cotton trade. The  air of business which pervades this strange but  fascinating city is  attractive  to  a westerner.  Business men are more accessible than elsewhere.  They seem to have a grip of affairs and they  pursue definite methods in their dealings, which  lead  to   quick  decision  and  execution.   These  qualities coupled with a strong local patriotism  and self-confidence form the driving power of  Moscow's citizens; which cannot fail to secure  for. the city can ever-increasing influence in the  political and economic development of Russia.  4 I  Jr.    .      ^  I'  ���������   X������|  j>~'~  "*{ JV  lilAI^IJiOUS  OgJJNCTS  FOR YEARS ADVANCED THINKERS have  been advocating the conservation of energy  by nationalizing industry, but few of them  dreamt that their visions could come true for  a century or two at the earliest. We now learn  that "all factories in Great Britain capable of  turning out munitions of war are under the control of the minister of munitions." What a revolution! None of the agony portrayed by the  visionary dreamer���������none of the social upheavals promised by the timid " stick-in-the-mud"���������  no noise, 4 no disorder���������just a simple transition  from a complex and conflicting state of competition to an orderly, efficient, economic co-operation.  Thus it ig with all great and lasting reforms.  They come because necessity demands it, and  necessity knows no law, and no form of conventionalism can bind it.   ' X  A PROVINCI AL  RECRUITING CENSUS  THE , FOLLOWING -RECRUITING   CENSUS  tabled according to the per centage from each  province in the Dominion is interesting. Alberta, Saskatchewan and British Columbia respectively lead the other provinces in the number of men per population who have gone to the  front. It must be remembered, however, that  at least 75 "per cent of the men of the prairie  provinces come within the recruiting age limit,  while in some of the older provinces and particularly British Columbia, the same cannot be  said on account of the per centage of men over  the age limit resident here. The table is as  follows:  Province  Pop.     Recruits     PC.  Ontario   .-.........  .2.523,274  36,300  1.44  Quebec ...........  ..2,003,232  13,800  0.61  Maritime Provinces'  ..937,955  7,400  0.79  Manitoba and  -  Saskatchewan  ..858,046  24,000  2.78  British Columbia   .  ..   392,480  10,000  2.55  Alberta  ���������.  ...374,663  14,200  3.73 2  Friday, September 3, 1915.  When employers and employed  are arraigned over against one  another in organized associations,  it is inevitable that differences,  by which peace is threatened,  must from time to time arise between them. These differences  may be concerned either with  matters in themselves trifling,  such as the treatment accorded  to some small group of workmen,  or with larger issues touching the  general rate of wates or hours of  labor. Whether a difference is  large or small, it is, in the last  resort, a difference between the  two organizations.  To attain agreement without  conflict on terms reasonably satisfactory is obviously, when  practicable, much to the advantage alike of the employers and  the employed in any industry.  Consequently, it is not surprising  to find that in advanced industrial communities, the more highly organized industries have  evolved, aR it were, exceedingly  efficient 'orms of peace-promoting machinery. The classical  home of these wholly voluntary  arrangements is the United  Kingdom. Elaborate systems'  have been established for the representation in conference of employers and employed by persons  whose business it is to discuss  and wherever possible, to adjust,  any matter of difference that  arises. These systems fall into  two main groups, in one of which  the proceedure is wholly byway  of conciliation, no provision being made for the solution of an  " ultimate deadlock, while in the  other, when conciliation fails, resort is had to' the arbitrament of  a neutral chairman. Now each of  these two types of arrangement  is evidently capable, when worked in a friendly spirit, of doing  much    to    promote    industrial  ,   peace.     Neither type, however,  is adeqilate to prevent strikes  and lock-outs in all cases. Purely conciliatory schemes may be  broken into by conflict even during the period of their currency  and schemes in which provision  is made for arbitration may fail  to be "renewed when this period  comes to,an end. Consequently  in recent years, attempts have  been made by public authorities  to supplement private efforts af-  ler industrial ^ peace by the offer  of official mediation in cases  where the danger of a rupture  seems imminent. The idea is not  to supplant negotiation between  the parties directly concerned,  but rather to supplement and assist it. In some cases the offer  of mediation may only be made  on the- request of one or other  of the parties.  Experience gives reason to believe that mediation, skilfully and  sympathetically conducted, can  often bring about the adjustment  of differences that would otherwise have led to a stoppage of  work. For it affords an opportunity to one side or the other to  make concessions without the loss  of dignity, and it brings into  prominence the fact, apt to be  lost sight, of in the heat of controversy, that the general public as well as the parties directly concerned, have an interest in  peace. There is, however, in  mediation of the kind so far discussed, an obvious imperfection.  The "good offices" of the public authority which seeks to intervene may be refused by one  or' other of the parties, or they  may be accepted and yet prove  unable to bridge the differences;  and there is then nothing further to be done. In view of this  defect in purely optional mediation, the Dominion of Canada  passed a law called the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act.  <4Q. B.M Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  "Q. B." Means  Guaranteed Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B." Means "Made m B. 0."  by White ffeip.  The Vancouver Kftitting Co., tad*  Ronnie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Pefoa Grain and Feed Store  1547 Main Street  Our Specialty  Potatoes and AU Kinds of Vegetables       _jirw_ 0ity^ Delivery    Phone: Fainnont 2144. Vancouver, B. 0.  "Pride of the West"  .        BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  This law is not of general application, but refers exclusively to  certain industries in which there  is reason to believe that a stoppage of work would prove exceptionally injurious to the community as a whole. The industries covered are mining, transportation, all f.orms of railway  service, the supply of 'electricity  or other motive power, the working of steamships, the telegraph  and telephone services, gas and  water supply. Practically speak-  in g, the Act comes into play in  regard to these industries whenever a stoppage of work is seriously threatened, and it cannot  be successfully evaded by the  joint refusal of both parties to  invoke it. The principal provisions are the following: Thirty  days' notice must be given of  any proposed change in the terms  of contract between employers  and employed. If a proposed  change is resisted by the other  side, a strike or lock-out in reference to it is prohibited under  penalties, until the dispute has  been investigated by a board appointed by public authority, and  until this board has made a report together with recommendations as to proper terms of settlement for publication by the  Minister of Labor. When the report has been published there is  no obligation upon either party  to accept its recommendations,  and a stoppage of work may legally take place. But until the  report is published, such a stoppage is prohibited by law and  renders every individual taking  part in h\liable to a fine; in the  case of employers engaging in a  lock-out of from $100 %o $1,Q00  per day; in the case of work  people engaged in a, strike, of  from $10 to $50 per day. This  law, it, will be noticed, has two  distinct aspects. On the one hand  it enforces delay, inquiry and  discussion, from which it is  hoped a settlement by agreement will emerge; on the other  hand, when such a settlement is  not attained, it endeavors, by the  publishing of the Board's recommendation, to secure the acceptance of those recommendations  through the pressure of public  opinion. Of these two aspects of  the law, recent investigators seem  to agree that the former has  proved in practice the most important. The other aspect of "the  law is, however, not without significance. It is true fhat, as regards trifling disputes, in which  the general public takes small  interest,, little pressure from pub  lie opinion can be evoked, and  that in all disputes, when once  the passion of conflict is aroused, even strong pressure may be  ignored. But, when the issue is  one which seriously ��������� affects the  whole community by threatening  to disorganize, say, the railway  service or the coal supply, public opinion is a force which must  at least be reckoned with. It is  interesting to observe, for example, that in a number of cases,  where one or other of the parties has at first refused to accept the recommendations of a  Board and a strike, or_ Jock^out  has taken place, the dispute has  ultimately been settled substantially on the basis of the Board's  proposals.  Under the Canadian Act, as  has already been observed, if the  parties remain intractable alike  to efforts at conciliation and to  the suasion of opinion, strikes  and lock-outs can ultimately take  place without any infringement  of the law. The Australian colonies have introduced a type of  legislation under which not only  does a publicly appointed Board  recommend terms for the  settlement of differences  but the terms so recommended are legally binding, and  a strike or lock-out against them  is a punishable offence. This type  of legislation when fully developed, closes that loop-hole for a  stoppage of work which the Canadian law leaves open. Generally  FEUIT PACKING TIME IN B. C.  ONE OF B. O'D. LABGE LUMBERING MANUFAOTUEING PLANTS  not unduly to discourage settlement by discussion and conciliation, but the principal stress  is laid on preventing resort to  a strike or lockout in those difficult cases where less heroic expedients have failed. In New  Zealand, contrary to a common  opinion, a small loop-hole is left.  For the compulsory arbitration  law of that colony applies only  to unions of work people registered under the law. Individual  employers and unions who break  the law are liable to a heavy  penalty, and in case a union fails  to pay, its individual members  are liable to a fine, which may  be collected by means of a writ  of attachment of wages. No  surprise need be caused  by the circumstance that  in the Australasian colonies,  in spite of their coersive laws,  stoppage of work, on account of  industrial disputes have in fact  occurred. This is only to be expected, just as it is only to be  expected that thefts and murders  will occasionally take place in de-'  fiance of. laws penalizing these  acts. The advocates of compulsory arbitration laws do not deny  this. Their claim is, not that  these laws can create "a country  without strikes," but that, by in-  voki^g a pressure more direct  and potent than that of unorgan-  ied opinion, they can render stoppages of work less frequent than  they would otherwise be.  There is considerable difference  of opinion as to whether or not  the best, interests of the community are served by the institution of these things, of legislation on the Canadian or on the  Australasian model. A very important objection oftens urged  against compulsory investigation  and compulsory arbitration alike  is that they necessarily tend in  arreater or less degree, to check  the up-building of voluntary systems of conciliation and arbitration by the joint efforts of employers and employed in tbe various industries. These systems, it  is urged, are valuable, not merely as agencies of peace, but also  as agencies for promoting mutual sympathy and understanding  between employers and work  people- Peace- enforced by external pressure is, doubtless, still  peace and, so far, 'a bitterness  and hostility, and is much inferior  to that peace and goodwill which,  had conflict not been forcibly  suppressed, might before long  have emerged from its ashes.  PEACE AND THE  PROFESSORS  No American seeking a correct  estimate of German purpose in  the present war should overlook  the document prepared by German professors and setting forth  their views of proper terms pf  peace. It is an admirable disclosure of what is in the German  mind and was there when the  war began.  Germany, says this excellent  ae.idemic document, should annex  Belgium and all of France north  of a linev drawn from Belfort  to the mouth of the Somme river.  This, with certain unfixed indemnities, is the price Peranceis to  pay to  Germany.  .Now, exactly what does this  mean in terms of human beings  and of territory? Before the  war Belgium contained 7,800,000  inhabitants living on about 11,-  000 square miles. The French territory to be annexed amounts to  27,000 square miles, which before  the war contained 4,700,000  people. Germany, then, the professors reason,, is-entitled to take  over 12,500.000 French and Belgian people.  In other words, and the point  should be fixed in American  minds, 12,500,000 people, four  times as many people as there  were in the thirteen colonies  that fought our revolution, are  to be placed under an alien rule,  deprived of the right to choose  Phone Seymour 817 r  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OP  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  4>  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  Campbell-Gordon Co., Limited  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  .Lead Pipe, Pig .Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  +** ,  Phone: Sey. 8942. 1210 Eoraer Street  Ottawa, Canada  PRINOtE &  GUTHRIE  Barristers an4 Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  OitiieDv Building, Ottawa.  their own nationality, speak their  own language, to do anything���������  as one genial German professor  puts it, in discussing the lot of  4,000.000 Toles similarly held���������  except to be looked upon as  Helots, and allowed to pay taxes- to- serve Jn tn e_ army and _to  shut their jaws tight."  Such a proposal patently runs  squarely counter to all ideas that  just governments derive their  powers from the consent of the  governed; it is purely and simply  a proposal to subject more than  12,000,000 of human, beings to  intellectual, moral and economic  slavery. Now, to what end is this  thing to be done?  "To insure the true expansion  of German culture, industry and  commerce."  Was there eVer a clearer, cooler, more perfect demonstration of  tho German idea, the German  fspirit? Ought not those Americans who are busy agitating for  American effort lo bring about  peace ia Europe tc consider this  G'f'i.ium idea oC peace? Ta war,  witli all ns horro's, more terrible  to the 12,000,000 people of  France and Belgium than the  prospect of peace with slavery  held out by the German professors?  Peace that does not restore  liberty to French and Belgian  populations now held in captivity, peace that does not insure  the liberties of those already  free, but included in the- German  plans, as revealed by their professors, would be the hollowest  of mockeries.  There can be no peace until  the spirit and the purpose declared in this document are disposed of. Americans will be  false to all this country ��������� stands  for if they give , the smallest  countenance to any effort to  bring about a European peace  based upon the slavery of millions to a master whom they  hate and a race which is alien  to their own in everything.���������New  York Tribune.  "R0U08   ON   BATS"  rats,   mice,'   etc.   Don't  clears   oat]  ,   ������...   ^uu ������   die   in   the'  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. tj.  ���������rUrWFfWP'f  occo  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MINING  REGULATIONS  Coal mining rights of the Domin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental  of $1 an acre. Not more than 2,560  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application f0r a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining*'  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include th_ ceal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered  necessary for tho working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre. .4  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot-  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of  Dominion  Lands.  W. W. COBY,  Deputy Minister  of the Interior.  NJ.���������Unauthorized    publication    of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  --58782. r  Friday, September 3, 1915.  r  NOTES BY THE WAY  By W. A. Ellis  Notwithstanding tne fact that  Uncle Sam has again found Germany deliberately, cheating���������still  .the game of bluff goes on.  * ' *,  *  Germany justified the sinking  of the "W. P. Frye" on the  ground that she.was "carrying  foodstuffs to an enemy country."  And now she would have the  United States protest to Great  Britain for her audacity in stopping ships (not sinking them)  who are doing the same thing.  Ridiculous.  The W. P. Frye it will be remembered was sunk before the  order in council effecting foodstuffs had heen passed by the  British government, which makes  the protest even, more ridiculous.  ��������� ��������� . ���������  The commander of the U boat  that sank the Arabic has not  returned up to date. If. he does  what then? "Who can believe a  German? Emperor, Government,  junkers, citizens have been proved liars all. If they give their  word to the United States, no  other nation in the world would  believe in that word except the  United States. The German law  of necessity will sink to any mean  thing to gain its end���������lies are  PHONE  SEYMOUR 9086  If the Germans could equal  this feat ,upon our sea girt shore,  after giving us as long a notice  of their intentions as we gave  the Turk, how much easier  would be their task if they were  to fall upon us like a thief in  the night, and without indicating where they intended to effect  a  landing! ..  Besides, just consider what they  have now proved themselves to  be in a position to do against us  without landing a single man in  England. _  I pointed out a few weeks ago  that the guns used for bombarding Dunkirk had their home near  Dixmude and that with these  guns at Calais it would be easy  to bombard Dover, although, of  course, the ability to fire shells  across the straits of Dover does  not at all imply command of the  pea between the shores of France  and England. But it will now be  brought home to the minds of  most of us as well as the British navy and army what we are  really fighting for, since there  are signs in some places that they  have never quite realized this  before, nor the tremendous seriousness and difficulty of the job  they have taken on.  The average Tommy will tell  you if you ask him that he is  fighting to uphold the sacredness  of treaties and to wreak vengeance on the despoilers and  oppressors of a brave little people  like the Belgians; but I rather  think he has never yet quite  risen to a clear understanding  of what would be the consequences to this country if the  Germans were allowed1 to retain  possession of Belgium, which  would alsp imply their absorption  of Holland and their acquisition  of* the coast line from the  Scheldt  to the  Seine.  Being  a  nothing to the German, and cotton is now contraband. \  ��������� ���������   ,��������� -  The members of Sunset City  Loyal Orange Lodge were, high--"  ly interested in the lecture ^of  Prof. Odium given in their lodge  room at Ash's Hall on Friday  last. The professor's subject was  "The Downfall of the Turk."  , ���������   ���������   ���������  Sir Roger Casement, an ^Ex-  British Consul-General, is in Berlin trying to raise an Irish Corps  to fight against his country from  the prisoners of war (he is drawing a pension from the British  government) his assistant is an  American priest. Truly there are  enemies of Britain more deadly  than the Germans and the  "boss" of these does not live  far from Rome.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Major General Sir Sam Hughes, K.C.B. He deserves it. Congratulations.  ��������� ���������   ���������  The rest of this page will  shortly be devoted to Orange  lodge news and notices for the  city of Vancouver���������as usual the  "Western Call" is delivered for  one dollar per annum.  , ���������   ���������   ���������  Disillusioned -  Twelve months ago who would  have thought it humanly possible  or conceivable that an Australasian army would be now entrenched on the Gallipoli peninsula, and that Macaulay's vision of a New Zealander sketch-  ing the ruins of. St. Paul's would simple, straight-forward business  be superseded by the spectacle of J minded sort of hero Tommy, and  one  straining  his  eyes  from  a with him the average Briton���������  Your home may be the next to  he burgled.        (  Safety First  A -Deposit  Box  in   our Safety  Vault  Only $2.50 per  Annum  Bow, fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  McKay Station j Burnaby  lofty peak o'erlooking the Dardanelles to catch a glimpse of the  dome of St. Sophia at Stamboul?  This war has dissillusioned us  about many things, and among  others the feasibility of an invasion of Great Britain. I confess  I was one of those who believed  that even if, the Germans were  to gain the mastery of the sea  by some inconceivable- and most  unlikely freak of the fortunes of  war, they would, nevertheless,  never be able to effect a landing  on our shores in face of modern  fire and defencable methods of  the latest kind.  But I think so no longer, after what we ourselves have just  done ,in the Dardanelles, and  done,v too, after giving the Turks  a mouth or so notice of our intention to do it so that they had  more than ample time to prepare  for giving us a hot reception, including the construction of barbed-wire entanglements we read  .;' in some places "50 yards wide''  ���������Good heavens!."and supported  by artillery."  " "No safer form of investment can be suggested than Canadian  Government and Municipal Debentures. Their record is union������ in that  Our list of bond offerings, 5 per cent, to 7 per cent, yield, and frill  practically no default has overtaken place in their payment."  particulars, furnished upon application by mail or telephone. Enquiries  invited. ,.    - ..- ������������������'..:���������;   '������������������ ��������� ���������-��������� .,:':       ��������� :-~f  CEPBRLEY, ROUNSEFBLL ft CO., MMUTKD  Established 1886  Molson's Bank Building. v xx,; VX  643 -BaiWiw BVWest  Investment*.   X   v_ ������������������fcoswx.;     V/.nwMM������r    XXX  does not readily lend himself to  the consideration of subtle questions about the "balance of  power" but what does and must  and will appeal to him is the  fact, as lucid and as. convincing  as anything that can be found  among the demonstrandums of  Euclid, that if there is a German gun that can throw shells  from Dixmude to Dunkirk, it can  also perform the same feat from  Calais to Dover.  Once at Calais, the Germans;  as we have seen, could -easily  land their shells at Dover,,even  if they couldn't land barge loads  of their men, and that would  always be something for them to  brag about and keep their spirits up. An invasion or even attempted invasion is a very long  way off, but after all it is a  possibility which has got to be  ���������eckoned with more seriously than  before in view of our own recent  demonstration of the feasibility  of landing oyer 100,000 men���������to  say nothing of the French force  of a corresponding number on  the opposite side of the ..Dardanelles���������on coasts where our enemies had enjoyed the great advantage of months of warning  that-w^e-were coming j-although^  as I have said, before jthe Germans invade our shoreirin force  they haye to deal with the British fleet.  One of the cleverest men in  England is Horatio Bottomley,  editor of John Bull. After being mixed up in many transactions one of which caused him  to leave the House of Commons,  he is now playing to the1 gallery  in that well known play, "The  Master Patriot," with himself in  the title role, and offers shares  of John Bull at a sovereign  apiece which he advertises in his  own paper is to help him to reenter parliament. Patriotic ~ advertisement may wipe out many  sins, but "Botty", must not  think that all men are " dotty "-  After prophesying, Horatio's  pet hobby seems to he the patting on the back of the two  stalwart knights, Markham and  Dalziel���������are these two gentlemen  to be* the future party and Mr.  Bottomley the leader of the new  "business government" in Great  Britain? If so I hope the "business government" will be able'  to keep out of the law courts.  Many people, and important  people too, when spoken to about  the United States and Germany  say "What can America do?"  or "they can do nothing." These  wiseacres are a little bit dense  for I imagine the United States  if she went the right way about  it could bring this war to an  end in a very, short time.  The United States has great influence with the small nations adjoining Germany on the west,  who are all smarting under the  blows delivered at their ships hy  the German U boats and sick of  German arrogance.  She could form a league with  the Netherlands, Sweden,. Denmark and Norway, and send  250,000 troops and supplies for  the Butch army, attack the hosts  of the Kaiser from Holland, and  then, we should not be long before peace was within sight. In  fact she could do many things,  but it appears to me she has no  thoughts of anything except the  Almighty dollar.  _���������_ . ___ ___ \ **��������� "* "     <���������������'  Jos. H. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C.  Phones: North Van. 323 and 103.  Seymour 2182.*  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  ENGINEERS and SHIPBUILDERS  Steel and Wooden Vessels Built, Docked, Painted  and Repaired.  North Vancouver, B. G.  r\  ,X :  i  X-  IMPORTANCE OF     -  WATER STORAGE  Increased Power aad Steady  Flow Secured by Storage During High Water Periods. .  streams, is further reduced during the winter months. Most water-power enterprises have been  planned to utilize only this lpw,  winter flow and allow the large  additional volume available at  other times to pass without obtaining a single horse-power of  useful work from it, thus utilizing the full amount of power  only during four months in the  year. For comparison and to furnish an idea of the amount of  power going to waste during the  remaining eight months, it may  be stated that one cubic foot' of  water per second passing over  a ten foot fall during the remaining period represents 14 tons  of coal during that period.  of Niagara and the St. Lawrence  as 1,000,000 hJ>, we find a year?  ly non-use of water-power- in  Canada equivalent to. 12,000,000  tons of coal due to non-storage  of water. - X  In our present stage of development ye, of course, cannot  utilize this vast power, but the  figures demonstrate the enormous  value of this natural resource.  WHEN WAR WILL END  The problem of properly conserving and utilizing the water  resources of a country is neither  new nor novel.   The great hydro  ���������electric development*in1 Canada  requires strict control and pre  sent conditions cannot be   adequately dealt with by the legislation and - the ideas of twenty  years    ago.    The    water-power  wealth of Canada is one of the  principal assets of the country,  and it is most urgent that not  only  the   governments  but  also  individuals interested in water-  power schemes should recognize  vthe importance of expert regulation and control of our streams.  Water conservation and storage  has ceased to be looked upon as  a sentimental idea only, and its  immediate economic value" has become clearly recognized,    x'V   ���������'.  . .���������'������������������'Every cubic foot of water as  it passes over falls and rapids in  large andXsmal^streanis^on:"its  journey to the "sea, has an element of power which is lost forever if not used at the time of its  passage. All have noted the difference between the enormous volume of water rushing down our  streams during the spring  floods and the much diminished  flo[W at the end of summer,  which  in   the  majority  of  our  When will the war end?" ��������� The  "Figaro"' gives the following  curious prophecy in answer to  this question: -    -.    i  Take the total of the .two yean  A similar illdstration is'given of the Franco-Prussian War, 1870  by considering 'the waste at and 1871, .add them. The result  points where water-power is be-' will be the stun of 3,741. The first  ing used. With the exception of Paip of fignres i nthia sunt; 3and.  <������.-. -       .1 r*. T '7       n.l4an     ~AAt%A       <.:������.'<i'  ������������     4..*.!     ImM  f *'  Niagara and the St. Lawrence  river, whose flow is exceptionally well regulated by nature,  the average yearly flow of our  streams is from two to ten times  their minimum flow. As in most  cases, developments provide only  for the minimum flow of streams,  it follows that the water wasted  is from one to nine times that  used. Taking the lowest figure,  that is, assuming that the power  wasted is equal to vthe power  used, and taking the" total pow  7, when added, give a total ol  10, while the 6ther gives a total of 5. The peace treaty ������nd-,  ing that war was signed on the!  tenth   day   of   Ma   y,the   fifth  month of the year. **  Using the same process for the  years 1914 and 1915, the total is  found to be 3,829, and the de-  spective pairs give each a total  of eleven, which fact, in the opinion of the prophet, indicates that  the war will end on the eleventh  day of the eleventh month, that  er developed in Canada exclusive J is November llth  "Quit howling tot  tb������ flag it jroo prefer Imported to  home-made goods."  ���������The JiaiVr Vte--  dace, July 28.  It would he the  height of folly as  well as selfish and  unpatriotic for us  to say:  Practical Patriotism  asPractisedby  Prudent Persons  USE ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR  because it is made in British Colombia and ita industry  gives daily support to over a hundred British Columbia  workmen and their families, if this were our only claim.  But this fine family flour, made from the pick of Manitoba's great -wheat crop, is Superior to the Other Flours  of Foreign Manufacture. We say so because we ourselves  have tested it from every possible baking standpoint in  comparison with these other foreign flours. And we ask  you to test it at our expense.  X      ORDER A SACK OF ROYAL  STANDARD FLOUR TODAY  Use it as you would the flour to which you have been accustomed. If it does not give results far superior���������if you  are in any way dissatisfied���������your dealer will refund you  the full purchase price.  Vancouver Milling & Grain Co. Limited  Vancouver      Victoria      New Westminster      Nanaimo  THE LUMBER INDUSTRY IN FALSE CREEK  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  LIMITED  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building.  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA THE WESTERN  CALL  ;./X  MISIEKALL  X v    H.' H.  STEVENS,. Jfc\ B;:fc'v  ::���������-      Editor-in-Chief XX&X  PUBLISHED EVER^ FBIDAY  BY THE      ; X  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  BEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  ,   One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada. #  .���������;0  HOME CANNING OF TOMATOES  TOMATOES ARE SURELY, g most important  and most valuable frui������ jSeca-uSe they enter  into some dish at nearly eVeiy';dinhi8r.:  'They are used in soups, entrees and sauces,  and are used whole for baking-made" overs and  for salads. They are also most useful in giving  -aN tasty touch to left over meat dishes. In the  making of pickles, chow-chow, etc., green tomatoes are indispensable. The house wife may readily have her own supply of home canned tomatoes and home made tomato stock for"winter,  use, as well as. some tomatoes ready, to serve  at any time with lettuce, as a salad.' Macaroni  baked with tomato sauce is gradually displacing  macaroni baked with cheese,, being much more  tasty and digestible. .  Of all tomatoes, those grown in the interior  valleys of British, Columbia are unequalled in  fine" grain, richness of color and fineness of  flesh.' The supply of these ideal tomatoes, is  now at its height, and the housewife 'must buy  promptly to secure the choicest of the. crop, being assured that prices as well are at their lowest; besides the peach and plum (preserving  season will be here very shortly.. .  The following general directions on tomato  canning and recipes, have been prepared by Mrs.  R. j. Deachman, who has the reputation: in Calgary of an expert on Home canningX        . *  Canned goods keep because they are properly sterilized and' properly sealed. Tomatoes  may be canned, and will keep, indefinitely by  the following method:  1. Ah ordinary-wash boiler with a iight-  fitting lid, and a false bottom put in of wire netting or a piece of board to fit, the boiler, will  answer the purpose of a cooker.  . ,. 2. Sterilize jars, tops and rubbers thoroughly by boiling, them.  ,3X Choose .sound, firm but . not overripe  stock.- ���������  X4. Blanch the tomatoes by placing them in  a muslin bag, boiling water poured over thein  to entirely cover, and allowing them to boil a  minute. Then plunge in cold water,to loosen the  skins and harden tbe pulp.  5. Peel at once, and pack in the jars, adding tomato juice to fill the jars, and a level  teaspoon of salt to each quart. Do hot add any  water as tomatoes are themselves 94 per cent,  water.  6. Place rtfbbers and tops in place, partially  tighten tops and, sterilize the given time.     ;X  7. Remove from boiler, tightening the tops  as you lift each one, and stand the jars upside  down to'coolf  Canning^ Whole Tomatoes,  ���������Preparing the liquid: After blanching and  removing skins from some tomatoes, cut up and  boil in a preserving kettle for 25 minutes. Rub  through a sieve to. remove seeds and to. make  smooth. Return to the kettle, and reheat. While  the straining liquid is heating, select some small  firm, ripe tomatoes just big enough to slip into  the jars. Place- these in boiling water for a.  moment, core and peel. Pack carefully in the  jars without crowding or spoiling their shape.  Add a level' teaspoonful of salt to each quart  and fill up the jars with the Strained hot liquid.  Put on rubbers and tops, partially tighten tops,  and place in the boiler on the false bottom. Have  the water <in the boiler rather hot, to prevent  the already hot jars from breaking. Sterilize  for half an hour, tighten tops, remove from boiler and cool.  Tomatoes canned in this way are available for  serving in any way where' fresh whole toma-  . toes are used, such as in salads, breading or  baking and the strained juice is the basis of  many soups.  Canned Tomatoes for General Use  * *  Blanch and peel the. tomatoes and pack in  jars, as nearly whole as possible, filling 'the jars  completely. Add a level teaspoon df salt to each  quart. Place rubbers and tops in place, partially  tighten, put in boiler on false bottom, with water sufficient to come about half way'. up the  jars. ��������� Bring to the boil and sterilize for one  hour.. Tighten tops, remove from boiler and  stand.jars upside down, to cool.  Thick: Canned Tomatoes  Prepare tomatoes as usuaU plaee in a Jpn-  serving kettle, without adding any water, and  boil until the desired thickness. Fill the jars  immediately, add a little salt, put on rubbers  and tops and, partially tighten. Place in boiler  and sterilize 2b minutes. Tighten the tops $nd  remove frpm the boiler���������stand jars upside down,  to cool.  GENERAL BOTHA  ON THE GERMANS  SIR IAN HAMILTON  ��������� ><\-  SIR  IAN HAMILTON,  commander-in-chief  of :  the Dardanelles, who used to be known as  the Unlucky ^an in the Army, now finds his,  title reversed.   His reputation for ill luck startKV  ed/in��������� a series of. accidents  on the field; the"  wound that shattered an arm, the shell splinters, -  .that  very nearly  destroyed his  eyesight,  and  the breaking of his collar bone by a tumble  from a restive horse, which lost him the. glory  of hunting t)e. Wet after he had made his plan ���������  of campaign. -  X  Hamilton may be said to share with Wellington  the   distinction   of  an  ideal   despatch V  writer, although their qualifications are different.    But Hamilton surpasses Wellington in the:ii  art of public speaking. '   His speeches on be-o  half of the territorial movement, were winged V  with flame. The duke, on the other hand, "al-/  though he could appreciate events with uhfail-"\  ing nicety, .'failed in his capacity to describe  them "     This was said of the duke when he  was an old man, but, as his biographer points ���������  out, the failing was visible during-the earlier  stages of his-career, "and is the more remark-:  able from the contrast presented by his des-V  patches."  Friday, September 3^ 1915.  HARVESTING OPERATIONS  The party in South Africa who  have held that their sovernment  did  wrong : to  use  the' defence  force for an attack on an "inoffensive neighbor" cannot maintain their ground in the face of  such revelations as General Botha   made.   He   puts   it   beyond  doubt that Germany reckoned on.  Boer help to overrun the Union,  and   guaranteed   to   Maritz   the  independence of the old Republics-in  return  for a swift  and  successful rebellion. Whether the  Kaiser would have carried out his  promise is more than ever doubtful, .now that. General Botha has  found, among   other   interesting  evidences   of   the   great   plot   a  map of Africa for 1916, in which  tbe whole of the south- of the  continent     is     represented     as  "Greater Germany" with a small  "Buer reserve"! In any case it  ;is  now  pro red beyond  question  that     the     Union's     campaign  against   tbe   Germans   was   not  only the "great service" to the  Imperial cause for which Britain  asked at the beginning of the war  but was also very really a defence of South Africa itself. The  bitterest Hertzogite cannpt how  represent the attack as a "fighting of England's battles." It was  a  national   campaign,  undertaken   to   remove   a   long-standing  menace and" frustrate a well-matured plot, and as such it must  now   appear  to   every   patriotic  Aficander.   Moreover,   Germany  has in truth, as General Botha  makes clear, forfeited her right  to the land by her treatment.of  its people as much as by the ulterior uses to which she put her  occupation;   She   made   a   cijiel  bungle of her -relations with, the  Herrero   natives,   and  when re-,  pression had no results but distrust  and  reprisals;' she  sought  to enforce peace by a war of extermination. It is not surprising  that   the   Union   troops   found  .themselves   hailed   as   deliverers  by   the  natives  in many  parts,  8nd it will be with the goodwill  of the black people as well as pf  the   hundreds  of  Boer  farmers  who fled across the border after  the South African war that the  vUnion will undertake the administration   of  her1 new' territory.  The remarkable speech in which,  General   Smutz followed  General Botha makes it clear, if there  could ever have been any doubt  on the subject, that the Union  .will not, unless compelled, relinquish what it has wori.-���������Mau-  chester Guardian. . J  Harvesting is general throughout the province of Saskatchewan  at the present time. The farmers  are experienceing considerable  difficulty in securing sufficient  farm help to gather in the crop.  Experienced farm laborers are  being brought .from-British. Columbia to assist in reaping-Saskatchewan's harvest. The Saskatchewan Labor Bureau is .opening offices at Vancouver, Victoria;  Prince Rupert and New Westminster. T. M. Molloy, superintendent of the Labor Bureau at  Regina, has just returned from  a trip to British Columbia,;where  he completed arrangements!���������* for  the opening of these offices,! It  is estimated that close upon 2,000  experienced farm hands will be  brought into the province from  British Columbia to assist in harvesting operations. Special rates  on the railways are being arranged for, and while there will be  no excursions, harvesters will be  brought east on regular trains at  very low rates. From figures  received by the Labor Department of the Saskatchewan government, close on 2,500 men had  up to the time of writing been  sent into the harvest fields of the  province through the various  local. employment offices, opened  at the principal centres of the  province. At the Regina office  750 men have been sent out since  the office opened on July .22.  We ixmnd ourselves with no lumber to construct sluice boxes and ]  gutters to carry water to the gardens. Most of the men have been.1  ^drafted into  the Turkish  fight- \  ing ranks, and the women have  worked   heroically   to save   theJ  crops. Unless something is  done,!  and done quickly, we face famine  and starvation."  ���������-*'- 5  THE TOT BAND  *'l  PALESTINE FRUIT  GROWERS .HARD HIT  Fruit growers of Palestine  vStand to lose $30,000,000 because  of the European war, according  to a letfer received in this country from George Kiat, general  commissioner of commerce, with  headquarters at Jaffa, and recently made public. The letter  says:  "Our trees are dying for want  of watering and for want of petroleum to spray them. The absence of the protecting spray has  brought more disaster. We have  been visited by a plague of locusts, and trees and vegetation  are ruined. .1 can conservatively  estimate the losses at Jaffa and  its vicinity alone at $30,000,000.  The Ottoman*, government: seized every bit of petroleum we had  oh hand. This was a heavy blow  to ;ns in two day?. We have become somewhat modern here, and  recently have used petroleum for  small engines which pumped wa-  U-r from the wells. With the  oil supply gone, we went back to  the old custom of drawing' water  by horse power, or, rather, donkey power. But we are again  troubled, for the Turkish authorities seized all lumber in sight-  A Song of the Great Betreat  Dreary lay the long road, dreary lay  the town,  Lights  out., and >never  a  glint  o'  .   moon;      .  Weary lay. the* stragglers, half a thousand down,   .'*���������  Sad signed the weary big Dragoon..  Oh! if I'd a drum here to make them  'take the road again,  Ohl if I'd a,fife to wheedle, come,  boys,   comet  You that mean to fight it out/wako  and take your load again,  Fall in! Fall in! Follow the fife and  .   drum!  "Hey, but here's a toy shop, here's a"  drum for me,  Penny whistles, too, to play the tune  Half a thousand dead men soon shall  hear and- see  We,'re a band!" said the weary big  Dragoon.  "Rubadub! Budabub! Wake and take  the road, again, .  Wheerle-deedle-deedle-dee, come, boys,'  . come!      -.'-.., X "���������'  You that mean to fight it out, wake V  and take your' load again,  Fall in!     Fall in!     Follow the fife  and drnm!" ,  Cheerily goes the dark road, cheerily.  goes the night,  Cheerily   goes   the   blood   to   keep  the beat;  Half a thousand dead men marching  on to fight  With a little penny drum to lift their ."  feet.  Rubadub! Rubadub! Wake and take the  road again*, X ���������'���������  Wheedle-deedle-deedle-dee, .come, boys,.  come!  You that mean to fight it out, wake  and take your load again,,.  Fall in! Fall in! Follow the fife and  drum! ,._.  As iong as there's an Englishman to.  ��������� H8k a tale of, me,  As long asvI'can tell the tale aright  We'll not forget the penny whistle's,  wheedle-deedle-dec _  jr  And . the . big.. Dragoon   a-beating '  down the night.  Rubadub! Rubadub! Wake and take the  road again, ' -  " Wheedle-deedle-deedle-dee, come, boys, ���������'  come!  You that mean to fight it out, wake.  and take your load again,  v Fall in!. Fall in! Follow the fife and V  drum! i  m  ritiah Battery of Field ArtilleryJ3fa Firing tine in Region of Ypres  ##,������," *      '   ''''_S"_f8B5f������*v  i      .,  ' i ;7s"i'*z'  #n f -/vo-i^^r^jjl^?" it -  ??T"  P    >'��������� 'MB,1 -y������'���������'."// a--" <'"  SI^MM.^Y^^,&X, ;:     / x, ^y  ���������Drawn ,rby  p.-   Matania,   in   SpU������re.  ^s^^isr^^^^ri,^  drical .trail, while another holds the shell in readiness. F^dSyy wSepi-e^  fX?X  THE WESTERN^CALL-  XX  The B.C. Consumers' League  and Fifty Vancouver Retailers Offer  Three are cash prizes, of $25,00, $15.00 and  $10.00. Each of the remaining fifty prizes is  an order on a leadingretailer for -merchandise  to the value of $5.00P  The prizes -will be awarded for obtaining members  for  the  jBritish  Columbia  Consumers'  There is no fee or charge of any kind connected  with, becoming a member,. Practically everybody you ask will be glad to join the League,  because all that is required is to sign a card  agreeing to give the preference in buying (price  and quality being equal) to the products, first,  of British "Columbia; second, Canada; third,  the British Empire. You will find the pledge  card at the bottom of this space.  Over one thojusand of the cards have already  been signed, but the directors of the league  are determined to obtain, -mthin the next two  months  ��������������� ���������*  i -"  5000 Members  Competition Will Start July 8  Jt Will Close September 15th  I  t  JVitb so many prizes, you wiU have an excellent  opportunity to win one of them. Besides having a fine chance to win a prize, you will be doing a work most important to the progress and  welfare of this city and province. Call at the  office of tbe league (or write if you live out  of town) for pledge cards, rules of the cam-  petition and full information.   Then  Now is the  Time  to Buy  GARDEN  HOSE  y ,    ��������� -a-    *��������� ^  We have a special Stde <>������ Hose on now.  * ..       - .  - rt  Regular $5.50 for - $4.75  Regular $5.00 for -  $4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.    Phone us yonr order.   We make prompt delivery.  4   '   ! 4  v  4   1       '  W. R. Owen 1 Morrison  The Mt. Pleasant Haiti ware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  v &  MOUNT PLEASANT PRESBYTERIAN OHUEOH  COMMISSIONER S0WT0N  TO VISIT MT. PLEASANT  i ��������� ,  SALVATION   AEMY   MASSED   RECEPTION   IN  MOUNT PLEASANT PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH  WEDNESDAY NEXT  a Prize  Tho pledge card fe w toflows:  Realizing the importance of promoting the Industrial and agricultural progress of British Columbia and the Empire, I hereby ask to be enrolled  as a member of the British Columbia Consumers'  League, agreeing to advance the objects of the  League by giving the preference in purchasing  (price and quality being equal, first, to the products of British Columbia; second, of Canada;  third, of the British Empire.  Name  Address  ��������� ��������� ��������� r ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������'..'  i ��������� ��������� . ��������� ��������� . . ������  .*..���������..*  Come in oi* write today, or as soon as you can,  for cards and full information.. The above  coupon, signed and brought or mailed to the  office, will be regarded as a regular pledge  card.    IJ  B.C. Consumers' Leagua  183 PEOTE^^  (INDUSTRIAL BhgRfAg BIJnJMNG)  PHONE SEY. 4242.        Y^ B. C.  Mount Pleasant corps of the  Salvation Army will be. en fete  next week to welcome to the city  Commissioner and M*^s. Sow^pn,  and staff who are now on a tour  of the western- provinces; -The  Commissioner will arrive. in the  city on Wednesday and on Wednesday evening a mass meeting  will be held in Mt. Pleasant Pres-  byterian church where a formal  reception will be held. Rev. A,  E. Mitchell, B. A., pastor of the  above church, will preside, and  all the Array celebrities will take  part in the proceedings. A massed  band of the musicians of No. I  and No. 2 corps and all Vancouver Salvationists -will assemble at  Main, street and 8th avenue, for  a. special open-air. service at 7.15  o'clock and will parade to the  church, where the welcoming will  take plate at 8 o'clock.    .(  Large.,; ci-owds have greeted  the visiting Commissioner ��������� and  wife at Brandon, Portage La  Prairie; Edmonton and the other  places in the western provinces  they have visited "oh their tour.  -They -will^ come4 tpXVahcouver  from Prince BiipCrt, arriving on  the northern boat oh Wednesday  afternoon. X  V Mount .Pleasant Salvationists  and friends will have the honor  of extending^the first welcome to  the .commissioner, who will conduct a series of services in Vancouver. \x' .  Have Had Long Service  Commissioner and Mrs. Sow  ton are not strangers to the bulk  of Canadian Soldiers and friends,  as during" their ten-months' stay  in Canada in 1908, they travelled extensively, nevertheless, the  following facts concerning their  career may be of interest at this  time:  Commissioner Charles Sowton  has been an officer for thirty-two  years, during which.time he has  held almost every Field position  in The Army. His first foreign  appointment was the Territorial  Leadership of Norway, which had  only- been opened nine months;  then followed the Territorial  Leadership:  of    Denmark;    the  Chief Secretaryship of Sweden,  under the command successively  of. Commissioner Bidsdel and  Commissioner Oliphant; the oversight of the Scandinavian Work  in America; a second term as  Territorial Commander in Denmark, where The Army had, of  ,co.urse, greatly grown; the Chief  Secretaryship in Canada; and the  Chief Secretaryship of India and  Ceylon.  The Commissioner tells some  excellent stories of the early bat-  .tles against prejudice and misunderstanding. Jn Norway the opposition was particularly fierce,  Salvationists being denounced as  wolves in sheep's .clothing, and  the people being warned against  them.  A certain chief of police, who  was especially embittered, openly  declared that he would keep The  Ar&3r%ut of bis town. One method he adopted was to forbid  any one to let the Salvationists  a Hall;   :���������      . , ..XX.x;XX\_  It so happened that thisN same  chief of police hacl aXbuilding  siteifor^sale-in oneVof-the^most  commanding positions. Commissioner Sowton demonstrated his  astuteness by prevailing upon a  friendly builder in a neighboring  town to purchase the site-.and  erect thereon a building suitable  for Salvation Army use. He  bought it, the chief of police asking nb questions, and when it  was too late, that enemy of the  Cause found to his dismay that  he, the very person who had  vowed that he would keep the  Salvationists out, was the one to  let them in. '  A fact which may be said to  contribute -still further to Commissioner Sowton's fitness for advancing The General's scheme of  development in Canada West is  his nineteen5 years' association  with the Scandinavian Work of  The Army, not in the three North  European Kingdoms alone, but  in the United States, where, as is  well known, there are three and  a half millions of those sturdy  people. Now, the Commissioner  and his capable wife are British  born. For the past seven years,  to be sure; they have largely  been. Indians, and they would as  heartily become Koreans or Jav  anese or Zulus, if they were call  ed upon to labour among such  people. But if'they are one thing  more than: another, next to being British, Commissioner and  Mrs. Sowton are Scandinavians,  A large part of their officership  has been spent in Norway, Denmark/and Sweden, and during  the time he had charge of. the  Scandinavian Work'in the United  States, the Commissioner spoke  practically nothing but Swedish  for eleven years.  . Mount Pleasant people and  Vancouver people in general, will  welcome this opportunity of meet-  COMMISSIOHEB and MBS. SOWTOWing the Commisioner and his wife.  BRIGADIER   J.   8.   M<iEA������  New Divisional Officer  Brigadier J. S. McLean, who  has come to take charge of the  Army's operations in British Col  umbia and Alaska is a Canadian  by birth, a native of New Glas  gow, N. S. He has heen an officer of the Salvation Army for  twenty-eight years and has filled  with credit to himself and the  Army appointments in all parts  of Eastern Canada and Newfoundland.  For the past four years the  Brigadier has been in charge  of the Army's work in the northwest division which includes  Manitoba,' Saskatchewan, Alberta  and a portion of northwestern  Ontario, with headquarters at  -Winnipeg. ���������The work-has made  exceptional progress under the  Brigadier's direction, and some  months ago it was found necessary tp subdivide the division and  form a separate division of the  corps in the province of Alberta.  The Brigadier has been extremely "popularv(in the prairie ������provinces, ahdithis departure from  his present appointment is the  cause of. general regret. In  coming to  B:  C.  the  Brigadier  will find a large sphere for .fer-  vice, abundant scope for initiative and a hearty whole-souled  /  people to work with.  Mrs. McLean ably aasists in the  work and is a welcome visitor  wherever she goes. ("  New Captain for Mt. Pleasant  Captain W. J. Carruthers has  recently, heen appointed in 'com-  ���������  raand   of   the   Mount   Pleasant  Corps.    Captain Carruthers is a  Canadian, being horn at Winnipeg. He has spent six years as an  Army officer, his first appointment  being  in Ontario.   Three  years ago he came to British Columbia   and   was   stationed   at  Cranbrook.   Following   that   he X  came to New Westminster where '  he   accomplished   much   useful,  work. He was appointed to the'  Mount  Pleasant  Corps  in  August, ahd has taken^ active hold  of the work. Urn force, ability  and genuine open-hearted manner  is hound to win for him a large  place in the work of the Salvation Army. He has .corae to  Mount Pleasant to stay, and we  hope will meet with much success. Mrs. Carruthers is also an  active  Salvationist  and devotes  a large part of her time to the  work, being deeply interested in"  all departments. ,  :<:.'  4   ��������������� .  OTHERS  Recently Appointed to Comnuuxl Mt.  Pleasant Corps  SUNDAY, SEPT. 5  BAND of  72nd Seaforth Highlanders  (By kind permission of Col. Clark, and Officers)  will give a  FREE CONCERT AT  HORSESHOE BAY  Bound Trip Fare 50c from Pacific Great Eastern  Railway Depot, North Vancouver. A train every  half hour���������all Ferries making-close connection. XX  6  Friday, September 3, 1915.  m  lit  II  ���������r. .  m.  It*  HI  I;'   I.  A function of. the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily, menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best. known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to. the ladies of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  Saturday, September 4th  And   asters,  and  all  The gay flowerets of fall  That lengthen  the season's long dreamy delight,  Were crowding the woodside. their beauty made bright.  ���������Henry Henderson. *  Breakfast���������Baked Apples. Cereal with Cream.  Dropped Eggs on Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Cream of Beets. Boiled Tongue.  Horseradish Sauce. Potatoes. Peas. Cabbage and  Walnut Salad. Grape Pie. Coffee.  Slipper ��������� Panned Tomatoes. Cream. Sauce.  Nut Bran Muffins. Baked Pears. Ginger Wafers.  Tea.  Nnt Bran Muffins  Mix together one cupful of bran flour, one-  half cupful of white flour, two teaspoonfuls of  sugar, two teaspoonfuls of baking powder, one-  half teaspoonful of salt and one cupful of finely  chopped nut meats. Add one and one-half tablespoonfuls of melted butter, moisten with sweet  milk, beat thoroughly, drop from a spoon allowing space between each and bake in a moderate  oven. *  v. #   ���������   ���������  Sunday, September 6th  His pine-trees whisper,' "Trust and wait!"  *>  His flowers are prophesying  That  all we  dread  of  change or fall  His love is underlying. - ������  ���������John  Greenleaf Whittier.  -Breakfast���������Cantaloups. Omelet. French Toast.  Crullers. Coffee.  Dinner���������Consomme. Bread Sticks. Broiled  Chicken. Biced Potatoes. Creamed Onions. Green  , Pepper and Tomato Salad. Peach Fritters with  Lemon Sauce. Crackers and Cheese. Coffee.  Lunch���������Cold Tongue. Cucumber Sandwiches.  Jellied Fruit. Cake. Tea.   l  Peach Fritters  , Mix and sift one cupful of flour, one and  one-half teaspoonfuls of baking powder, one-  third of a teaspoonful of salt, and two tablespoonfuls of baking powder, one?third of a teaspoonful of salt and two tablespoonfuls of powdered sugar. Stir in gradually one egg well  beaten and diluted with one-third of a cupful  . of milk, then add four peaches which have been  peeled and cut in small peices. Drop from a  spoon into'deep hot "fat, fry until delicately  browned, drain on soft paper and serve with  lemon sauce.  Lemon Sauce  Boil three-quarters of a cupful of sugar and  one-quarter of a cupful of water for five min-  jutes, remove from the fire, add two teaspoonfuls of butter bit by bit, then add the juice of.  half a {lemon.  '���������*-..  ��������� t   t  X Monday, September 0th  The purple petals fallen in the pool,  Made the black water with their beauty gay;  'Here might .the redbird come his plumes to cool,  - And' court the, flower that cheapens his array,  v ���������Emerson.    <���������  .Breakfast���������Fruit. Cereal with Cream. Codfish  Balls. Bye Gems. Coffee.  Dinner���������Chicken Soup. broiled Steak. Fried  Bananas. Mashed Potatoes. String Beans. Apricot Blanc Mange. Coffee.  ������   Supper���������Mexican Bice. Pickled Peaches. Hot  Biscuits. Mocha Cakes. Tea.  Bye Gems  Beat the yolks of two eggs until light and  add one tablespoonful of sugar and one cupful  of _milk-Mix- three-quarters -of-a cupful of-rye  meal with bne^quarter of a cupful of white flour  and one-half teaspoonful of salt, add the liquid  gradually, beat thoroughly, fold in the stiffly  beaten whites and bake about twenty-five  minutes.  ��������� ���������   *  Tuesday, September 7th  The great principle of all effort is to endeavor to  do, not what is absolutely best, but what is easily  within onr power and adapted to our temper and condition.���������John Buskin.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. Scrambled  Eggs. Orange Marmalade. Buttered Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Vegetable Soup. Boast Veal. Brown  Sauce. Baked Potatoes. Stuffed Tomatoes. Pear  and Roquefort Salad. Tapioca Pudding. Coffee.  " Supper���������Stewed Lima Beans. Radish Roses.  Baking Powder Biscuits. Sliced Peaches. Cocoa-  nut Macaroons. Tea.  Pear and Roquefort Salad  Pare ripe juicy pears, cut them in halves  lengthwise, remove the cores, brush with lemon  juice to prevent discoloration and place on heart  leaves of lettuce. Fill the centres with small cubes  of Roquefort cheese and halves of olives stuffed  with peppers and dress with Mayonnaise made  delicate by the addition of whipped cream.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Wednesday,  September 8th  The longer I live the more I am persuaded that  the gifts of providence are' more equally distributed  than we are apt to think. Among the poor so little  is enjoyed so much, and among the rich so much is  enjoyed so little.���������Margaret Bottome.  Breakfast���������Broiled Ham. Creamed Potatoes  Corn-meal Griddle Cakes. Hot Apple Sauce.  Coffee.  Dinner���������Tomato s Soup. Baked Fish. - Pickle  Sauce./ Steamed Rice. Buttered Carrots. Lemon  Meringue. Coffee.  Supper���������Sliced Veal. Pickled Plums. Hashed  Potatoes. Finger Rolls. Eclairs. Tea.  Pickled Plums  Pour one pint "of boiling water over seven  pounds.of plums, cover closely and simmer mi-  til tender, then add four pounds of brown sugar,  one pint of vinegar, one-half teaspoonful of  cayenne pepper and one tablespoonful each of  cinnamon, cloves and allspice. Cover, cook gently  one and one-half- hours and seal in glass jars.  Remove the stones before serving.  ���������'  ��������� , *  Thursday, September 9th  If you can fill the unforgiving minute  With   sixty   seconds \ worth   of   distance   run  ' Yours ia the world and everything that's in it,  -And what is more, you'll be a man my. son.  <��������� ���������Kipling.  Breakfast���������Grapes. ��������� Cereal with Cream..  Minced Veal on Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Carrot Soup. Beef Loaf, Olive Sauce.  Mashed Potatoes. Green Corn. Watercress and  Apple Salad. Cottage Pudding with Fruit Sauce.  Coffee.   ' -  Supper���������Baked Cucumber Cups. Rice' Croquettes. Bread and Butter. Gingerbread Fears.  Tea. .        .  Baked Cucumber Cups  Peel three cucumbers, cut each crosswise in  four pieces and remove the seeds. Mix together  six tablespoonfuls of bread crumbs, three tablespoonfuls of- chopped cooked ham and three  tablespoonfuls of grated Parmesan cheese; moisten with tomato sauce and season with pepper  and salt. Put the cucumber cups in a baking  pan, fill with the mixture, pour one cupful of  stock, around them and bake until tender, basting  frequently. Transfer to a heated dish, sprinkle  with .browned crunibs and pour over them the  liquid from the pan."  ��������� ���������   #  Friday, September 10th  Be  strong!  Say not the days are evil.   Who's to blamef  And . fold* the  hands  and acquiesce���������Q,  shame! v  Stand up, speak out, and bravely, in God's name.  ���������Maltbie D. Babcock, D. D.  Breakfast���������Fruit. Oatmeal with Cream. Fried  Tomatoes. Breakfast Rolls. Coffee.  - Dinner���������Split-Pea  Soup.  Baked-Fillets  of-  Fish. Tartare Sauce. Potato Balls. Cauliflower.  Plum Pie. Coffee.  Supper���������Potato-Egg and Olive Salad. Currant Buns.  Gingerbread. Tea.  Potato-Egg and Olive Salad  Bake six potatoes, peel and cut into dice  while warm, sprinkle with pepper, salt and celery salt and a dash of cayenne, pour over them  as much olive "oil as they will absorb, let stand  fifteen minutes, then add two or three tablespoonfuls of sharp cider vinegar and let stand  fifteen minutes longer. Add four finely cut  hard boiled eggs, twelve, stoned olives cut into  small pieces and one tablespoonful of chopped  parsley, moisten with mayonnaise and serve on a  bed of crisp lettuce leaves.  :COAL/---''X;xxXX.XX-  "Our Coal Lasts Longer."  Our Coal is better jralue than any other on the  market:   More heat.   No clinkers.  WOOD XXxVv^V'vXV'  Q-.    - ��������� ��������� .   X    X * ���������     V- *���������   ���������      ���������  Millwood and Kindling, per load ... $2.50.  Choice 16-inch Fir, per loadx..... $3.00  BUILDERS SUPPLIES  Kilgard Firebrick, Sewer Pipe, Partition Tile,  Etc.  :���������. ������������������-���������-.,. .���������  FARM PRODUCTS  Hay, Oats, Etc.        '*���������"'.-  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour: 5408-5409  NELLIE McOLUNG ON  WOMAN'S SUFFRAGE  Mrs. Nellie McClung, the noted  author and lecturer, addressed a  full house in Wesley Methodist  church on Saturday evening on  "Woman Suffrage./'  Rev. Dr. McKay occupied the  chair and introduced the speaker.  Mrs. McClung opened her remarks  with   an   answer   to   the  question,      "Should    Women  Think?"  Mrs. McClung said that if women must always submit to present man-made legislation that  sheltered so many evils, then it  was a crime for women to think.  If these things must always be,  then it were better for womankind to shut up her mentality  and refuse to exercise it at all,  for the penalty of thinking  would be too great,  Briefly reviewing the history  of suffrage, Mrs. McClung reminded the audience that there  had been a time when women in  England had enjoyed the franchise on very much the same  basis as did the men. But when  the working men, beginning to  realize that they were human beings, clamored for and obtained  the right to a voice in national  procedings, the electorate grew  too cumbersome, and the. women  were thrown overboard to light,  en the ship. Ever since then the  women had been following the  ship, crying to be taken on again;  and although there were some  who would reach down to help  them aboard, there were those  who would fain shove them back  into the water. The arguments  used as weapons in keeping the  women out had been many and  varied; and to the frail feminine mind they seemed so diverse as to be contradictory.  For example, it was claimed that  women, if they had the ballot,  would be so enamored with their  new possession that they would  -forsake all other pursuits and  duties in the following of politics and public life. Again, it  was declared that _ women  wquldn t use the ballot if they  did have it. It was argued that  it would despoil domestic happiness because political, disagreements would enter into the sanctuary of the home, and at the  same time it was argued^ that  women would have no mind of  her own in the matter, but  would merely vote the way her  husband did.  To all this Mrs. McClung asked: "Were you men asked what  you were going to do with the  ballot when you got it' Wasnt  it given to you merely because  you were a human being and  twenty-one? You weren't asked  whether you were intelligent,  moral or wise. Women are asking for the vote on the same  basis. They want a voice in  their own government because it  is a sign of spiritual independence, a mark, of individuality.  They also want the ballot as a  weapon with which to fight  against the things that threaten  home and children."  This was no time for the chivalrous man to deny his helpmate  a weapon. It is a mean man  th$t denies his womankind the  weapon of. the ballot with which  to stand between the world and  her children, if the matter has  been squarely put up to him."  Mrs. McClung had something  sharp to say against the woman  who was indifferent���������the woman  who was too comfortably sheltered to have a concern bow ber  sister less fortunate fared. She  drew attention to a picture that  had appeared in a leading monthly depicting a waning honeymoon,  where the ship of , matrimony  seemed bound lor troubled waters. The artist had drawn a be-  frilled bride at her breakfast  table gracefully posed and waiting for admiration wbich did not  come, for her lord and master  was deeply engrossed in his  newspaper. "Now why," questioned *Mrs. HcClung, "didn't she  have the other half of 'the ne^vs-  paper, instead of pouting because  ne wasn't taking notice of her  frills*?" This class of woman was  the hardest proposition that suffragists had to deal with. They  did not hear the cry of the little  children and toiling women from  the streets, who sent out a petition, "Come dowh and help  us." In closing, Mrs. Mc-  McClung reminded those who  were already laboring that "we  are working this thing out not  only f.or ourselves, but for all  peoples the world over; for we  are bound . together with gold  chains about the feet of God."  In reply to a question asked  aftej the address as to whether  women should busy themselves  with suffrage during the period  of the war, or whether they  should devote all their time to  the war and its needs, Mrs. McClung said:  V "The only ray of hope we have  in this war is that it will be the  last one. There is nothing more  horrible than the thought that  theX struggle being fought out  now is not for all time���������that  there will be another one. Yet  Ave have no assurance that there  will not be another one; and I  believe that there can be no  such assurance until the hand* of  the mother comes into" the guiding of affairs of state. I believe  that now, of all times, suffrage  should be a more active theme  than ever."  X .���������  Wrote Elizabeth, tie poet-queen of  RoumaniaX'Do not be proud of having borne���������" your misfortune.; Could you  have done otherwise "��������� Very per.  tinent question. Vlnasmuch &s we can*  in no way evade our misfortunes,  there is no cause for pride in meeting them. But the spirit in which we  meet them is in pur own control.. In  that there :nray- be. cause for pride or  for shame.���������"Great Thoughts."  Now is the Time  To Buy Your  ��������� / <  Printing Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to detect the slightest indication of unfavorable  conditions, and for  . *'  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office stationery, but with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  ���������;.; ���������;���������;' ��������� x i^GAizii^ds3L '���������..  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  VI  X  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY Friday, September 3, 1915.  SPORTING COMMENT  The Passing of the Mag  ���������y The tit-bit of local sport during the past week was the final  game of the 6. C. Amateur Lacrosse League which took place at  New "Westminster on Saturday  last, when the young Salmonbellies defeated the V. A. C. by~ the  score of 11 to 1 and captured the  famous Mann cup. The game in  itself .showed nothing of championship calibre. The home team  Jioston Americans look like the  ampions of the American Lea-  Le this year, while the Phila-  Iphia Nationals are sure top-  >tchers for the National league.'  le series between these two  |ams will he a hummer.  ���������   *   #  [Surely we .all will haye a  dance for some venison' this  rar. The provincial government  as made legal the selling of ven- r   [on this year, and with more I Was in. the pink of condition and  ame,  more  hunters  and  more "     ""  emand the price may come down  irom 35c per lb. to the poor  lan's reach.  The football teams are getting  ato line for the season's play  id will hold an organization  meeting, in a day or so. With a  fright autumn season the pros-  sect for the game is good. There  trill be fewer teams this season  trhich should tend to elevate the  auality of ball played.  ���������.��������� ���������������������������.," .���������  It looks as if the eastern challengers were not coming to the  rest this year after the honors.  Dhe amateur association should  get a move on and put up a  trophy worth the prestige of the  amateur athletic union of Canada. The Mann .cup is' a very  pretty trophy, but it has lost its  charm since Mr. Lally has been  spilling his-wrath over it.  ���������   ���������   ���������  New "Westminster now have  all the lacrosse honors in the  world. Ad let us hope that -for  the good of the game the amar  teur champions will' remain amateur. Professionalism has killed  the game in the-coast league, and  it will take many seasons to revive it.  were out to win.   The Vancouver team played wjlth ten men,  and were woefully out of condition.   It was a hand-over pure  and simple. It is noticeable however the lack of interest manifested in the V. A. C. this season.  Last year when the  Brampton  team came this way for a try at  the cup   the   great   professional  fiasco started and Joe Lally, the  cup trustee, is still busy making  a fool of himself and his confreres on the trustee board over  the matter. In our opinion there  is no question but that the Vancouver team were at fault, and  it would have been a good thing  for amateur, lacrosse if the cup  had changed hands right then.  The conduct of the men behind  the Vancouver team in ringing in  players for the second game with  the easterners was certainly most  unsportsmanlike and sounded the  death knell of the V. A. C. there  and then.  Since that time  the  champions   have   been   slipping,  and the general public are not  slow to see that there must be  something radicklly wrong when  the   amateur  champions   of  the  world cannot field a full team' in  defence of the trophy.  It is  a  most opportune time for the New  "Westminster team to capture the  heating: Econo%ratof^iency'  Our Business 'his be4i built up bv merit alone  Ieek & co.  Heating Engineers.  ..  honors, and it would not have  mattered even had Vancouver  had twelve men on the field on  Saturday, they were beaten by a  better team in all departments.  #   *   ���������  The end of the baseball season  is almost in sight, and with the  close of the ball and mit contests there will he a few weeks  of an off-season in sport.     The  baseball leagues, both in Canada  and the U. S. have not been 'the  success   this   season   that    they  have been in other years, which  is chiefly attributable to financial  stringency,   and   the   desire   of  the fans to follow the  greater  game which is being played in  Europe at the present time. Like  all other professional sport, baseball is a luxury, not a necessity.  Some of. the leagues have fallen  down  woefully  this year ' and  have suspended operations altogether. '   In   the   Northwestern  the   league' was   reduced  to  a  four-team association'in mid-season, and since then has been operated with only indifferent success.   The   composition   of   the  teams has been improved by the  division of players after the blow  up of the Victoria and Aberdeen  teams, and the race for the pennant has been much improved.  So far as the Beavers are concerned,   while   they   have   been  putting up a good article of ball  of late, their chances of landing  near the top are decidedly slim.  The  end of the season is but  three weeks away, and it looks  for a certainty like Seattle and  Spokane being the contenders for  first place with Tacoma third and  Vancouver last in the race. The  games of late "have been noted  for the exceptional hitting of the  ball   and   the   abnormal   scores.  Such scores as* 18-1 and 11-1 and  I so  on in baseball savor of the  school league of olden times, but  withal the brand of ball has been  good,  and as usual, the * Northwestern will be called upon^to  part with  several  of  the stars  , who will next season be translated to the major leagues.  ' ��������� - ���������   ���������  THE MINE SWEEEPEE  AT ITS WORK  1095 Homer St.  Sey. 661  Engiw  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNPEBS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. 0.  One of the main seats of our weakness lies in this very notion, that  what we do at the moment cannot  matter much; for that we shall be able  to alter and mend aud^ patch it just  as we like "by-and-bye.���������Hare.  ���������     9     ���������/  HOW MANY P0.1I3S  DO WE UW5?  When the full history of war  is written, says The London Daily  Mail, the gallant fishermen who  sweep the seas clear of mines  will occupy a high position on the  scroll of honor. It is questionable whether any branch of life  offers such a sternly strenuous,  arduous and hazardous calling.  These men toy. with death .from  the moment they leave port until  they return.  The mine-sweeper must have  nerve. Nerve is the element with  which to play the game on such,  deadly errands. They are the  first to face death with all ita  terrors. They are the pilots into  the zone of death. They scavenge  the seas clean of the terrible  murder floats which the barbaric  enemy has strewn therein. Contact with these deadly mines  means instantaneous hurling into  eternity. These men go to the  valley' of the shadow of death,  courageously doing the mission assigned them, and come back tp  the fleet heroes. Without these  scavengers of the floating mines  the gun power of the British  squadrons would be ��������� minimized  to an appalling degree.  The deeds of daredeviltry at  the Dardanelles and before Smyrna are imperishable. When   the  warship goes into action there is  the opportunity of hitting backr  but not  so  with 'the  sweepers.  When five of them were ordered  to go,into Smyrna to sweep, the  wily -Turks   allowed   them    to  steam in as far as the buoyed  harbor area, and it was not until in response'to the signal to  retire the sweepers helmed about  and steamed full speed ahead for  the protection of the battleships  that the music of concealed guns  began. But these boats possessed a charmed life, for not one of  them suffered any serious damage.   The Turkish shells fell fast  and thick around them, pitching  everywhere but on the objective.  Sometimes the splash of the water was thrown in swamping volumes .on the decks. But the quintet came through to the.admiration of the British sailors. They  had drawn the fire of the concealed forts, and thus served the  purpose of their mission.  Your ad. here will bring you results.  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1187L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Hanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalaominlng  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. V������n������t  ������p. B.C.  and were it not for the daring  of Woodgate the crew would have  gone to their doom. Hearing the  Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor^Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver* 3. C.  Two nights after this thrilling tj^s 0j ������e p001. fellows in dia-  &ce for life of over, forty rain- tres8 Woodgate determined tores-  utes'   duration   night   sweeping them ;paringiy he hove the  Pf'PVP1!  So far from modern inventions  making wood less necessary they  increase the demands upon our  forests. This is brought out in  a bulletin of the Dominion Forestry Branch on Poles and  Cross-ties which has just been  prepared by the Branch and is  now in the hands of the printer. With the extension of telegraph and telephone lines thousands of pples are used and  each mile of railway means the  need of thousands more cross-  ties. The demand for these two  commodities is very irregular in  Canada "as the Bulletin indicates  and explains. The different kinds  of wood employed, where grown  and where used are described.  The bulletin will be issued shortly and any person interested  may secure a copy free, or information in the meantime upon  any special point, by writing  to the Director of Forestry, Ottawa.  was .ordered (March 8). Mine  sweepers work in pairs. The Beatrice and the Okino were the  partners' to carry out the initial  operation. The sweep was successfully achieved, and the Beatrice slipped the steel wire for  the CUvino to hpave overboard. That was the last  task the Okino did. Wiihin  five minutes after getting the  wire aboard contact with a mine  or destruction by a shell sent her  to her doom, and out of the complement of fifteen ten sacrificed  their lives for the flag. The Beatrice had a thrilling escape. A  shell struck the fore part of her  funnel, smashed into the wheel-  house, missed the skipper miraculously by inches and, fall-  ing^-into^the: stokeholdf-rseverely  wounded the engineer stoking the  fireX  But probably; the gallantry of  Captain "Bob" Woodgate, of the  sweeper Koorah, has not been  excelled by any during the war.  This episode took place in the  Dardanelles. Of the sweeping  partners, Gwendolian and Manx  Hero, the latter was blown up,  Koorah about and with rare sea  manship manoeuvred her to the  scene of the accident, though  shot and shell blazed about them  in the glare of the searchlights  'from the Turkish forts. To rescue  the men it was imperative the  small boat be launched. Wood-  gate called for volunteers. At  such supreme moments men are  endowed with superhuman  strength. Like handling a top  the men on deck tossed the boat  over the trawler's side.* Into it  jumped three men. The shells  pitched viciously about the frail  craft, but the splashing water  was the only * sting from the  fangs of the murderous gins. The  crew ot. eleven was snatched from  the water, and thanks to the  slcilfuOeliMi^  they were soon on the Koorah's  'deck;   . , '���������������������������.-. Xx /X  It was now a question of " cut  and run." But Woodgate meant  to do the business creditably.  JHis boat was to him as sacred as'  life itself, for he knew hot at  what moment it would be needed. So he determined not to cut  the boat adrift. Many men in  similar circumstances would have  chopped the painter. But Wood-  gate gave the order that it mtrst  be hove aboard. The heaving  tackle was securely fastened/ yet,.  scarcely had the bow of'the boat  been lifted deckwards than a  shell pi>hed clean into it, shattering it into matchwood* Then  tli ere was no other alternative  but to dash for the entrance. Tbe  Koorah was now the only traw-  lrr on which the Turks could  concentrate their fire. Through  the range zone with shells pelting at her from right and left  Woo'dgate steered the Koorah.  With admirable judgment he  manofiivred his craft to the position where he observed the  clanger was less acute, and came  through a true British hero. The  daring deed took quite ninety  minutes t������ achieve.  Another dashing example of  British pluck occurred on May  Day in the vicinity ojj the North  Hinder Lightship, the Cardiff  steam trawler Miura emerging  triumphantly^from^the-fray-withi-  a German torpedo boat. Bw*  was the immediate danger of destruction by being torpedoed by;  the German; but the Miura's  helm was promptly altered, and  she dashed bow first into the  German, carrying away her  bridge and knocking several of  the Germans overboard, the Hun  making off at his best speed like  a whipped cur to a port of  safety.       X  / -  mS-Ssl  FAEMING SCENES AND SOME SURAL HOMES OF PE08PEE0US B. C, ���������*v jui,-iU,'^i*(.iij>rv.'rj'-j  r-u$*uj?iumixix,'nmi  8  THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, September 3, 1915J  , \  Vancouver's tag day for the  No. 5 Overseas Hospital, held on  Saturday last,  brought  in  over  $13,000.  ��������� *   *  Mr. Arthur Frith has been under the weather for a day or  two, but is still able to attend  tb business. Arthur sells all  that men need nowadays.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Next Tuesday morning at ten  o'clock the regular meeting of  the Presbytery of Westminster  will  take   place   in  St.   John's  church.'  ��������� ���������   *  Monday next is Labor Day,  and the holiday will be taken  advantage of by the hunters and  fishermen who are particularly  anxious this season to get first  pot at the game.  ���������      ���������      ���������    - XX  Another patriotic concert.will  be held in the Imperial theatre  on Saturday evening, and there  promises to be abundant talent  and a splendid entertainment for  all who attend.  *   *  Mr. Justice Murphy has granted bail in the case of Jessie Kimball, the'Alberta school teacher,  charger with the murder of her  infant child. The amount was fix-  at $10,000.  ��������� #   ���������  Rev. Dr. Sipprell, of Mt. Pleasant Methodist church, has gone  on a holiday to the foothills of  Mt. Rainier. He was accompanied  by Revs. Whitaker and Manuel.  ��������� ���������   #  The weekly, meeting of Try  Again Lodge No. 88 was held  in Ice's Kail, Main street,  last Tuesday. A very pleasant  evening was spent. Springridge  Lodge No. 79 officered .and entertained, Bro. C. F. Timms occupying the chair. Sis. Mrs. H. W.  Swerdfadger from Unity Lodge,  Kelowna, gave a~ short speech.  The lodge closed at 10 p.m.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Mr. J. A. Kerr has moved his  automobile repair business across  the street and is now located on  the corner of Main and Seventh  avenue. ' A large gasoline tank  is being installed, and the ex-  reeve will bend his energies in  future to supplying t^e demands  of the motor traffic. Splendid accommodation and courteous treatment is promised all.  v ��������� ���������  Three Liberal candidates are in  the field for nomination at the  federal convention to be held in  South Vancouver to-night. They  are Geo. E. McCrossan, from Pt.  Grey, Charles MacDonaldj a partner of Mr. J. W. Weart, the provincial Liberal candidate, and Mr.  Geo. M. Murray, editor of, the  Chinook, the South Vancouver  weekly. The convention promises to be a lively one. J  ��������� #   *  Work will shortly be commenced on the C. N. R. terminals on  the False Creek tide flats. This  work, in conjunction with the G.  N. work, will be of tremendous"  assistance to the unemployed in  the city this winter. The' city  council has the opportunity of its  life to "make good'.' at this time,  and if the negotiations fail there  will be just cause for an upheaval at the January elections.  ��������� ���������   ���������  A large number of Mt. Pleasant people attended divine services down town on Sunday last  at the farewell services of Dr.  G. C. Pidgeon in St. Andrew's  church. Dr. Pidgeon left on Tuesday evening with his .family for  Toronto, where he will assume  a' colleague pastorate in charge  of Bloor street .Presbyterian  church.* Dr. Pidgeon will be sadly missed in Vancouver, where  his efforts have been focused to  a large degree on social service  work.  ��������� *   ���������  AT LAST!  INDIGNATION    MEETING  South Vancouver Residents Hold  Mass Meeting of Protest and  ' Adopt Resolution.   "  m������  Sea  Loaf  at your  ���������tore or  . phone  Fairmont  ���������44-  BUTTER NUT  BREAD  Ch AS  Butter  Sweet  AK-uf  n  "the  wrapped  9c Loaf  Pure���������Clean���������Wholesome is  BUTTERNUT BREAD  From richest soil, comes choicest wheat that  makes the flour for BUTTERNUT BEEAD.  From bakeshop of spotless cleanliness in' surroundings as pure and clean" as the sifted  flour, itself is -baked and wrapped in its protectee wrapper BUTTERNUT BREAD.  Of full 'food value, containing the wholesome  body-building _ elements - is BUTTERNUT  BREAD.    ���������**  anp ont a vcia.ee WITH good butter is  DELICIOUS.  8hell# Broo. Bake Oven*  "  Also Bakers of 4X Bread  Work Done While You Wait. ���������   -  Rubber Seels Put on ia' Ten Minutes.  2*m Ufajn Street, Next to: Lee Building  To transact business successfully, there  must be no delay. Neither can you afford  to guess what a man's answer will be.  a  TFLmtPHONFI Don't wait half  week for the answer that's important.  Don't wait five minutes even.! It costs  less to telephone both in the short and  the long run.  All the Company's telephones are available for service day and night.  British Columbia telephone Co.  Limited  Mount Pleasant Shoe Repair Shop  BUST SBOU mVAXmO ON THE "WU&."  Three Month*' Guarantee on Work Pone on fcadfo' or Hfeo's  Shoes.  This morning's News-Advertiser says: Hundreds of men who  hve been complaining that the  Cambie street bridge 'would never be repaired,' will be surprised  to learn that work on repairs  have been continuing for over a  fortnight. When the contractors , commenced ' work they discovered that their pile-driver  would not fit in under tne  bridge so they proceeded to  build a new pile driver. The  driving of piles has proceeded  steadily and much of the false  work necessary for the construction, of Ihe new section has been  placed. Indications are that the  bridge, which was burned last  spring, will- be ready for traffic  again by the beginning of next  month.  ���������   ���������   ���������  CHANGES AT THE Y.M.C.A.  Mr. F. J. McKellar, who has  lately been director of the boys'  work at the Y.M.C.A., has been  v appointed to the position of general secretary of the New Westminster branch, and will take up  his new appointment immediately.  Mr. McKellar will be succeeded  in the local institution by Mr.  Geo. Ross, who will also act, as  physical director. Mr. McJCei-  lar is veil known throughout the  city and particularly in - Mount  Pleasant, where he has made ibis  home. He was for some time.actively identified with the choir  of Mt. ��������� Pleasant Presbyterian  church, and was one of the foremost vocalists of the city. His  successor, Mr. Geo. Ross, is also  well known in Mt. Pleasant, and  has for some time been one of the  active -leaders- in the Crescent  Class of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church.  On Wednesday evening Robson  Memorial Church. Cedar Cottage,  was filled by South Vancouver  residents who had assembled to  protest against the granting of  a. brewery license by the South  Vancouver License Commissioner-! and against the amendment  of the trades license by-law by  the Municipal council to enable  the license to be granted.  A resolution, to be forwarded  to the council and to the license  commissioners, strongly protesting against the proposal to establish a brewery in South Vancouver was unanimously carried,  and it was resolved to send a  further telegram to the inland  revenue officials at Ottawa endorsing the telegram of protest  sent last week and stating that  several of the councillors had  since publicly acknowledged that  when amending the trades license  by-law they did not know its purport.  Rev. Richmond Craig, in moving the resolution of protest, said  that South Vancouver citizens  had been insulted by the reeve,  by the license commissioners and  by every member of the council.  "We have had a vaudeville  sh'ovir at the Municipal Hall for  nearly nine months," he said,  "one man opposing all the rest.  Then a man from Seattle comes  to see the reeve about a brewery license. The question is raised. How will Coun. Stanley, the  council's representative on the  license board, regard the proposal? The reeve finds out that  Coun. Stanley is favorable, and  he then sits back and says, I  am neutral." * * "Reevev Gold  has been spending his -time writing letters to the press declaring  his .neutrality, and councillors  have been busy ringing me up  on the telephone explaining their  position. If, they are sincere we  should give them an opportunity  of proving their sincerity by,re-  pealing the amendment to the  trades license by-law."  Ex-Councillor Milles, seconded  the motion.  Dr. Ernest Hall, yho preside  ed. sard that the meeting had  been called because of an attempt to foist a brewery upon tbe  citizens of - South Vancouver  without their knowledge or eon-  sent, and he believed, very much  against their wishes.  Rev. Pr. Thomas, of Wesley  church, followed with an address  on prohibition.  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  All kinds of Mill Wood  Phone: Fair. 1654  South Vancouver, Notice!  NEW FEEd STORE OPENED  Witt ������ Complete Supply of POULXBT  CHOP, BTO.  .HAT, GBAIN,  Vernon Feed Co.  49TK .AND TEABEE  (Bmush teen lit. Plaaaant)  WB 8TAND POB QUALITY, 8BBVX0B   .AND   LOW  PBIOBB  You Can Save Money  By Using  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  Eight Xs 25 Cento  THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  32 Rides on '  TangoTickets  $1.00  32 Rides at 32 Rides on ' Yonr Saving on  a 6 cent fare TangoTickets $X Investment  $1.60  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B. C. ELECTRIC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  4   THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  60c  Good (without .transfer) on any B. C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. until midnight.  T  ancient church; it may be that No   pallid   bur's  before  yoa  the reflection is now about to  give way to that of the cross that  the waters knew for more than  a thousand years.  CHURCH SERVICES  St. Paul's Presbyterian���������Rev.  Mr. Bates, pastor, will preach at  both services. The morning subject will be "The Fidelity of. a  So-Called Coward." Evening,  "The Moment of Destiny in a  Ruler's Life." Sunday School  at 2.30 p.m. Strangers welcome.  Grace Methodist���������Rev. Mr. Miller, pastor. Morning, 11.00 a.m.,  "The Death of Moses." Evening, 7.30, "Joseph Opening the  Storehouses." On Monday evening the League will .meet at the  parsonage.  Cedar Cottage Presbyterian ���������  Mr. Menzies, of Collingwood,  will preach at both services.  Mt. Pleasant Methodist���������Rev.  Mr. McCrossan, of Minneapolis,  will preach morning and evening. .Sunday School at 2.30 p.m.  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian ���������  Rev. A. E. Mitchell, B. A., pastor. Morning subject: "The Supreme Attraction." Evening subject, "The Value of Church Membership." Strangers are specially welcomed. Sunday School  and Adult Bible Classes at 2.30.  THE CALL TO BBXTON8  Manitoba Social Service workers, asked by: the government to  draft* a referendum prohibition  bilX reported in favor of > the  Hugh John Macdonald bill.'  Switzerland's new factory law  fixes the fifty-nine hour weelXas  the maximum for labor.  AN HISTORIC STRAIT  The Bosphorus, no less than  the Dardanelles, ,is rich in classic  myth and ancient deeds of valor.  The name that the Greeks gave  to the strait means a passage or  crossing for cattle^Oxford is  the exact English equivalent f������r  Bosphorus. Did they so name it  because agricultural knowledge  there crossed from Asia into^Eur-  ope, or because the Phrygians  crossed there when- the oracle'  told them to follow a route that  one of their oxen would take if  driven to the water? Or was it  because the Phrygians first crossed in a vessel that had an ox for  a figurehead, when Zeus had  transformed her into a white heifer, swam the strait to escape  the tormenting gadfly? You may  take your choice, for ancient  writers give all these explanations. They also tell us that  other straits bore the same name,  notably the passage that connects  the Sea of Azov with the Black  Sea.  The Strait that now has the  exclusive use of the name, Bosphorus was known earlier as the  Thracian Bosphorus. A modern  writer has well called it "the  bleeding vein of Europe." There  the crimson tides of conquest  have ebbed and flowed for unnumbered centuries. More than  five hundred years before the  birth of Christ, the great Darius  led his Persian hosts across the  Bosphorus on .a bridge of boats  for the invasion of Scythia', as a  generation lator, his son Xerxes,  led his armies across ,the Hellespont.,  There, like a succession--of wonderful pageants, the hosts of the  crusaders crossed from Europe  into Asia, aflame with zeal to rescue the -Holy Sepulchre fro.m the  infidels. There, for centuries, passed the priceless cargoes that in  the Middle Ages gave power to  Venice and Genoa. *���������  In May, 462 years ago, over  the welter and sack of the fallen  city, Mohammed H. spurred his  horse through the doors of St,  Sophia. Since then the waters  of the Bosphorus have reflected a  crescent above the dome of the  There's a sound in the far distance  That  calls  to  tbe  patriot   ear  With  loud and  tense insistence  That Britons-all  must  hear.  There's a work that calls for action  For courage, strength and power, -  Brave   sons   of  a   gallant   mother,  Respond  in   her   perilous- hour.  Ye Britons on isle and, ocean,  Once   more   unsheath   your   sword,  And prove your hearts' devotion  Though  a  grave  be  your   reward.  Brave  deeds  for  brave  men  beckon  Strong men to overthrow,  The cost not yours to reckon;  'Tis- yours   to   face  tbe   foe.  But men who'know not fear,'  So  cast  your  armor  o'er you  And forth stand, peer to peer.  But, j stand despised, you fearful  Who   love   not   liberty,^  No call for weak and tearful,  The  free  defend  tbe free.  Brave sons of Britain, gather  And gird your loins anew,  Strong sons  of a mighty mother,  To a motherVtrust be true.  "Book-keeping and Sbortfcanfl  Taught rapidly and, eflHoiontly by  Jame* Stack, Certified Teftetor of  Commercfctl inbjecta  Phone: Pair. 163QL. or write 886  %5%u Ave. Went  Terms   on  Application.     Private  j-   instruction by .arrangement  BANBURY'S  Fop  UJMBER--SASH-PQORS  WOOD & COAL  Plume: Eayview 4075  CHAS. CHAPLIN'S DEWOHT  VNptt* But.. .Nice"   -  A delicious combination of, pure, .velvet Ice Cream, Chopped Nuts and  ' 'Fruitl,  15  cents.  THAT NEW STORE  167 Broadway E. Lee Building ' Near Mats  Boxes and Tables for the Ladies  Mount Pleasant Livery  Furniture and Piano Moving  . Baggage, Express anfl Dray.   Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.' X X  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTayish, Prop.


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