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The Western Call 1915-08-27

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 l-;Ki?;W.-.;.. .p'ir^^f^i^i^vXX  |^:X^XX^^S\'���������"V"'^���������X^^S'Sl-K.  BM<Ung: Plahts^rtrt^^^  ''JT^wc^jiii^^iS^v'  !jPiwrtfc:,:X A XXXX  /���������^falVi)OTigniJ';S������a|  'J'Sj^ra^A^te^-^Sie.  ^<JW;:;6rder.\;';������;:V^V;X  sV^i^^'a^inaBe^VV  V '?Phon^;iPa&X8i7;VV  ?'Xi5tfr varidfMafov;: A  %���������*.<;  "' "��������� ?-: ^X:^XXH^V:f^x3  IK"  XXXX'  X'XK  |-:*.'Vi  ���������,W|4^  Published in the Interests  ��������� VV*-',' '������������������'���������''.',��������� .".X'Xv.'- ;-X"-.'' ','���������'*-; XX-X:''1'rJI!XX ���������:. i'l''-'-',' ' "-*' X"', X-.-.X ;X-xX'\-i;'* "���������'->X.XJ '-'���������'���������''' v ���������*.���������/, XXX''-'���������'���������'"> XJ' -���������:���������' "''VX ������������������-'*'" '���������>".��������� V/ ,.:'-1.'>\''-"': 'X .' /  S^1' -^X.V.X'\V\*^XX":V'-'VX-'X^ Jyi J^^^^-- ������'-'.^ffW?^_lKy "'t j~ ?^ ^^^? _���������-'' *f  lOLUME VII.  ,f:o-;J.;  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,   FRIDAY,  AUGUST 27,  1915.  ".y*.~~,"  "7"F"**k  i^x?x!������������^^  \  '^h^lthev fdllowm  viiXaoid^  ies^asVwell asVfdr'Vhjer^ J6y^?AyyyjyjyjA/'^yAAJ  2. Protesting tie cowte of heir allies & well  \ls her own.   v       , y  3. Straggling   in    co-operation   with   the  French, to smash the Turks and win-the Balkans.  [tor the allied cause. *  4. Rendering great aid to French and Bel-  Igian troop's in resisting the terrible onslaughts  lof the Qermans on the allied.left wing in the  Iwest. X -  5. Making loans and supplying munitions to  |nearly all her partners in the war.  6. Pursuing a financial policy in Southeast-  I ern Europe likely to promote the cause of the  I nationalities.  7. Putting into the field more than "ten times  jas many men as she ever promised.     *   -   - ���������  8. Guarding her own soil and people against  an invasion, which, if .it, came-^-atid* it is believed to be far from'impossible���������doubtless would  be the most savage, the most, unsparing ever  known. With how many ment -Well, with  enough.   To hear some people talk, one would  ^Suppose that upon Britain were laid the duty of  defending every land-but her own.X  Britain's wealth and sea power and military  power are the one sure safeguard against the  I triumph of Germany's unparalleled war machine.  Without Britain's help France and Russia certainly must have been crushed.   Without Brit-  jain's whole-hearted  participation in-the  war,  who will say that Italy would have ventured"*  to challenge .the mighty and merciless .Germanic  [coalition?   With  Britain  out  of  the   struggle  [would there have been any .hope, of the Balkan  j States daring to move?      " ..    _  And Britain���������never forget it���������was not com-  Ipelled to (go tb the aid of France.   Come what  ���������7might,-the  most  that  ever  Britain  promised  France were six - divisions^-120,00Q- men.   She  was not in honor, bound to send.a single soldier  more.   She could have, stayed outxof the "war, t  Germany had begged her to stay out of the  (war. Disgraced -she? might nave been���������ss Britons ;  think, must have been^jf J������be had left Belgium -  and, France and European liberty to their doomi  But she. could *Jiw������*^w_p������^^ <  are without disgrace, without historical .pages  they fain would obliterate. , Britain was not  attacked. France and Russia were attacked.  Britain might have awaited, the onset���������as America is awaiting the onset. Britain might have  stood clear, might have husbanded ber resources of men and money, might swiftly have' prepared, even might have "Wnned over the stricken .  adversaries in the end ahdelaimed the hegemony  of Europe for herself.,  Britain did not do so.  She threw her trident into the scale. She  threw her sword into the scale���������and she is incalculably rich.  She threw in the balance her impressive racial record, her prestige, her unrivalled diplomatic skill. She threw���������is throwing���������will throw  into the balance the whole puissance of her  Empire. ' ���������  And all for what? For the principle���������the  fruits of the principle���������of the liberty of the individual against-the despotism-of the state,    _ _  Britain, one can believe, may be the author  of some acts of which she is not proud���������may  have done some things to cause' her, looking  back upon them with full light to wish they had  never been done. But in this war this old and  , proud democracy is unfolding, applying a material strength and a moral splendor that for ���������  countless ages after this conflict is stilled will  be shining undimmed amid the first glories of  history.  FARM UVE STOCK IN CANADA  IT IS ESTIMATED from the reports of correspondents that the numbers of farm live  "-.'���������' stock in Canada at June 30, 1915, were as  follows: Horses, 2,996,009, milch cows 2,666,846,  Other cattle 3,399,155, all cattle 6,066,001, sheep  2,038,662, swine  3,111,900.   As  compared with  .1914, these figures represent increases of 48,361  horses, 35,624 otherl cattle, and 29,184 all cattle;  but decreases of 6,440 milch cows, 19,383 sheep  and 322,361 swine.  ,, % ������������������__  SCHOOL GARDENS  fias*X  THE NATIONAL BUREAU of Education has  great faith in the child's garden. Agents  have been appointed to promote garden work  in city schools throughout the country:' It is  hoped in the course of a few years to include  garden work among the studies in all public'  schools.  Commissioner Claxton, head of the Federal  Bureau of Education, has visions of almost fabulous wealth springing from children's gardens in -  the city schools alone.   He reduces his optimism  to  dollars:  "Experiments already made by the Bureau of  Education show that with -proper direction an  average child between the ages , of six and  twenty can produce from an eighth of an acre  from fifty to one hundred dollars' worth of :  vegetables. A third of the children\in the city  schools plight easily produce $300,000,000 worth  a year." While this, estimate must jhe discounts  ed fifty per cent, because of practical reasons,  it serves to bring attention to the value of the  garden movement."  I  ffic" been on such precarious groundsas at this montent���������never have its friends-,  and advocates been so uneasy as now.   It very largely depends on the wisdom and sincerity of the delegates to^tfije, convention what the future of British"  Colutftjna is to he in so far as the liquor traffic is concerned. . "  Never has this province been so thoroughly roused as at this time on this  great issue./Men everywhere are serious and determined.to rid our fair commonwealth of this social and economic cur$o.  .  ���������       -  The flame Old Excuses  It is almost amusing to note how the apologist^ for "The Traffic" trot  out the old time-worn excuses and call th*W arguments.   "It wquld never do ,  to disrupt trade at this critical time and no thoughtful person would think of  it," says one.   Disrupt trade!   We arel'rjrtiig to diam a serious ecoifomic leak ���������  In our commercial dyke, which threatens; to��������� swamp us in a deluge of despotic  militarism unless we succeed instopgipglit.   We are seeking to fumigate the.  corrupted national hlfe and rid it of soine of its cancerous growths, so that we ������  may properly discharge our duty as a nation. '���������-"-���������.  "Ohj But you have no right to~ interfere^ with individual liberty," , says  another.   Too stale, my friend, too olo. ^ind time-Worn. Get something1 new.v  Why do we force people to connect their houses with the. .sewer?   Because   ���������  their unsanitary'yards are a menace to others.   Why do we refuse to allow a  man to practice rifle shooting, in a settled community t Because he endangers the lives of Others.   Why do we ioxce a. man to spray his orchard. Because if he did not it Would endanger the orchards of others.   Why must we  report io the health authorities all contagious    diseases?   To   protect   the  health of others.   And so we could go on'indefinitely.   Hundreds, of restrictive  or prohibitive laws, bearing on infividual freedom of action and "all because  itr affects others.   Society does not recognize individual right if it - conflicts  with the, welfare of the whole community.   If ever a practice or a habit  could successfully be indicted on this score, it is the, Liquor Traffic.  * Grant that a man-has a right-to make a beast of himself, to say nothing  of a fool, he'has no right to penalize sand persecute others���������his children, his  wife, his friends", Bis neighbors.   *'/   '~.   ''-* :/-/ ',      -  "Oh, but you cannot make^a law-that w|Ji stop it," confidently asserts  another. No law will stop^ stealing, or murder; or raptor cheating, etc., tb^re-  ... fore, ths law is bad, and. tfcese things should be ' 4regulatecl, ���������! a^d -awt. made  eriihes.^ ^T^ii-K "fe' jus^'"asrfsensible as'to Refuse to make a law't>ecaiise^of fke  difficulty of enforcement. X  "You can*t make men moral by legislating."   No, but we can stop them.  from becoming public charges, from dragging their families dowu fa poverty  iand disgrace, and if they haven*t back-bone enough to fee moral, we can take  away the." greased skidway" along which they have so weakly travelled to  ruin. _ - ���������  "You are all a bunch of hypocrites,7 says Mr. Shallcross.   If it is hypo-,  crisy to have a conviction- and express it���������if it is hypocritical to openly attack what we considered a social defect, if it is hypocrisy to protect our .boys,  .  then we cheerfully plead guilty, but the good X-ord deliver us from-such wiseacres as Shallcross. N > ���������  To Mr. Glass Special Credit Is Pue  The credit for successfully organizing this great convention very largely  belongs to Mr. Glass, who has been tireless in his efforts. He is a coming  young man and will yet stamp His' personality on our province.  The convention would do'^well to weigh his worth ah~d7 if possitye, avail ~  itself of his splendid abilities in futher organizing- this great movement.  He works right. There is little of the spectacular and none of the "professional purifier" about him; he is business, and soon impresses those whom he  comes in contact, with that he means business. We heartily join with many  others in congratulating him on this initial success, and hope he will have  early opportunity in demonstrating still further his fine organizing abilities.  -t^thMdeleiiAti^  the ^I^tol������tib#-'<3p^  mission "          ' '""  quest.  answer:.,.  ,..,. vi.v.. ,,���������._���������.,_.���������..,.........J.1J^.,.,..,,.r...  ,..,.���������, t  <vIt has been decided, after careful dehbeirnr-  tion, to si-rf^  iscite of the%* electorate.  as vib^?a^M'^nasi|^^  the nroy^;mAAJAAmk:mytMs<mm^  The^^ibmij&mm;^^  cide.   Vm&*i&^..^xt&&Ai^^  of a  voting;  would  ity  must  loopht  COLONEL VXCTOE W. ODLUM  WE HAVE LEARNED with sincere regret that  Col.'' Victor w. Odium, "has been somewhat  seriously wounded, although; not fatally.  Co\. Odium has had a remarkable experience  during the past year, having been in the. very  thick of the contest time and again, yet escaping all harm. It will be remembered that  he was with Gol. Hart-McHarg on a reconnaissance, when Col. Hart-McHarg was killed.  It may be of interest to our readers to know  that over a year ago on the outbreak of war  Col. Odium (then Major) was one of the first  men in British Columbia to offer his services.  He went to the federal member and insisted that  he wire General Hughes offering to go to the  "front. - He held at that time the rank of major,  but in his characteristic way he said, "I offer  my services as an officer of the' militia, but if  there is no room for m6 in that capacity then  take me as a private, as go I must."  Needless to say, General Hughes, fully aware  of the merits and value of Col. Odium, ordered  that he retain his rank as major, avhich he did  until the death of Col. McHarg, when he assumed control of the battalion with the rank of  Lieut.-Colonel.  '   It is because we have such- men as this -at  the front that we know the cause for which we  are contending is safe  and the  ultimate issue  'sure.. - ":      ���������.���������'���������:���������"������������������  CROPS IN INDIA  THE INDIAN TRADE JOURNAL of June 3  publishes the final wheat forecase for 1914-15,  according to which the total area reported as  sown to wheat is 32,230,000 acres, as compared  with 32,148,000 acres reported on April 14,  and with 28,475,000 acres, the revised final area  of last year. The present figure therefore,  shows an increase of 3,755,000 acres, or 13 p.e,  as against the final estimate of .1913-14: The.  total yield is estimated at 383,376,000 bushels, as  compared with 312,032,000 bushels, the revised  final estimate of last year���������an increase of nearly 23 per cent. X  VANCOUVER   HARBOUR  If B- C. goes dry, we will have a; splendid  chance for Dominion Prohibition. Ontario is  about half dry now, and so are the Maritime  provinces.   Do your duty, B. C.  The Harbour of Vancouver, B.C., as defined  by the Vancouver Harbour Commissioners Act,  contains 98.4 lineal miles of waterfront. There  is 7.45 lineal miles of foreshore on Burrard Inlet  and 6.70 lineal miles on False Creek now fully  occupied. The area of the^harbour is 48.58  square miles as summarized below: "  English Bay, 20.20.  Burrard Inlet, 13.84.  False  Creek,  1.17.  North Arm, 13.37.  Total, 48.58 miles.     ���������./  The approximate amount of waterfront, crown  granted is 7.57 lineal miles. The approximate  amount of waterfront, leased is 12.72 lineal mil.es.  The approximate amount of waterfront leases  appHed for. 4.00 lineal miles.  If prohibition will not lessen the consumption  of liquor, then why get excited about it?  THE  estimates  are nowr,  deliiulfcly.r'3^  986,400VacresyVwhiebfisVne^  than theVare^VsdwnV^  the ar^a>--fe$i^  acres, compared with last yefti^ :  of 1,495600 acresXoatSy; 1^365^  10,061,500; A hay   andV Clover,   %875p&M^faeres,  ag8instj^7WW^:-btte^^  against- 354,400;;   flax VVsiE*^  against ' 1,163,000 ��������� y cornXfbr   huskiii^  253,000  fmres, against i 256,000 -V^brnV fbr fdddei% ^3,400  vcrrr^ -against 317,000 ;p^  against 475|900;;;; ahd turnips; ete.^t72^ acres,  against-;:175,000vj^rJesi^/^pJk-A^/   ������������������' kky/  In the tnree Northwesi provinces���������Manitoba,  Saskatchewan^ arid ^berta^the estimated vareas  sown-^J-^eat^areXU^^^^  963 000 acres, toA oats 6,290,000 lucres, Vwict to  flax t,004;000 acres; ��������� as comparedv^th tlw>f bar- ���������  vested areas-of last ^aryiviz^ Vwneat v9;335^00,  barley 936,000, oatsJ5,353,(XW and fl^  acres.   Mote than half of: theV toroi ^STC^ nnder  wheat and 89'jp.c. of the area under flax is reported   fa*om   the   single   province   of   Saskatchewan.  '.rt*'  i������.>*4_t_  BRITAIN NOT ASLEEP  vwA  J/m  ''0m  Xiil  '.i-i'i*4,l  m-  SPIES IN ENGLAND are finding it very difficult to get information to Germany. The,  post has riot proved so satisfactory for them  f.s our complacent methods led them to believe,  with the result that most information has to be  carried to Germany by the spy himself.  From the outbreak of war until March spies  managed to come and go by way of Holland  without undue interference from the police. But  after March 8 no one other than certain specified official persons were allowed to embark for  Holland at Folkestone or Tilbury until he had  obtained a permit.  The spy who was prevented from reaching  home by way of Holland, however, was not put  out of action. He went by way of Norway, Sweden, or Denmark, taking longer for the journey, but contriving to reach the enemy. Now  he is faced with an order coming into force  which makes a permit necessary for travel to  these three countries. Permits sound comparatively easy to obtain, a mere matter of filling  up forms, but the permit office have strewn the  way of the spy with hazards by demanding that  every applicant for a permit shall present himself for cross-examination on any or every. point  that may occur to the inquisitor. :  In a private room there are small tables  'ranked along the wall, at each of which there  -isvan applicant undergoing-viva voce examination. The Officials are serene and inspire confidence. They sit and chat with an applicant as  they feel his moral pulse. The spyXiomes out  of the interview flattered arid content, waiting  for his permit to be delivered in due course.  But it does not eome. Spy travellers to Holland have been practically choked off. Now the  last remaining routes home are to be closed  against them. v  . i-.--������jtj. XyXXX'  *���������*������������������������ ���������^Wrt*j**j_,_*^'i'4-*������*������������ -������>*���������__. ������    !_, ^.tSj:*/**,  ���������   ���������������������������irTV '.iin.iT im-iliii  , x-v-  --  la  Friday,1 August 27, 1915  PUBLIC HEALTH-ALCOHOLISM  ������ The following article on Public Health, with direct reference  to Alcoholism, written by Dr. A.  P. Proctor, we take from one of  -last year's issues of the West-  minster Hall Magazine. Its reproduction is in keeping with the  movement this week in favor of  total prohibition of alcohol in its  many forms throughout the province of British Columbia.  Following tuberculosis I must  touch on the great question of  alcoholism, a subject upon  which I almost hesitate to speak  because so great has been the injury to this question by the injudicious utterances of many in  the name of temperance reform;  and yet yon cannot toneh the  question of the public health without being brought face to face  with the curse of this disease.  Nothing next to tuberculosis  is doing more to destroy and nothing at all to so demoralize onr  - people. Alcoholism is said to be  the cause of ten per cent, of all  mortality, twenty per cent, of all  disease, fifty per cent, of all idiocy, insanity, and pauperism, and  from seventy-five to ninety per  cent, of all criminality. These  are facts, not fancies. If yon  doubt them go to the judiciary,  your police' authorities, yonr  gaols, asylums, hospitals, and  learn the facts first hand and you  will realize, not only the truth* of  ' these figures but how conservar  tive they are. Alcoholism stands  out pre-eminently as  the' great  . cause of our national inefficiency.  Can any man who contemplates  these facts and realizes the ter*  '- rible effects on tbe efficiency and  fitness of- the race and remains in-  " different lay any claim to good  citizenship f Do you' realize what  this question means to.your own  city" and province?  In one year in the City of  Vancouver there were three thou  sand nine hundred and sixty-nine  arrests for drunkenness. How  many arrests for other offences  were the direct and indirect result of intoxicating liquors, I do  not know, but I am prepared to  say that the percentage was high.  A few weeks ago the chief warden of the penitentiary at New  Westminster stated that whenever a prisoner was admitted he  is asked if he is an abstainer;  whether or not he is a moderate  drinker, or whether he drinks to  excess. He further stated that he  had no hesitation in saying that  over" seventy-five per cent, of the  convicts owe their downfall to  habitual intemperance. Listen to  what Dr. Doherty, Superintendent of the Provincial .Asylum at  New Westminster, had to say in  his annual report on the conduct  of that institution for 1912: "Excessive indulgence in alcohol is  reported aa having been the exciting cause of 13.8 per cent, of  the total number of admissions.  There can be no question that, alcohol is a potent exciting cause  in a large percentage of cases  particularly where any predisposition lurks, and there can be  no question that the matter of  properly handling the liquor trar  ffic is to-day one of the greatest  problems confronting the Canadian* people." These* conditions  are of course not peculiar to our  province. \ -s  Some months, ago, when some  statements I had made as to the  results of this traffic in our city  had been called in question I  selected a few cases ionly from  my own work which may be of  interest here; I was called down  to the railroad track one day to'  see a man/a young man at that,  Who had both his legs off as a  result of > being intoxicated, and  who died three minutes before he  reached the hospital. , I was called to see another man, a sailor,  who had his left' leg ground to  MQ. %" Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  MQ, 8." Means Guaranteed Unbreakable Welt Seams.  *'Q, *." Means "Jfacte in ������. 0."  ,   by WWto Bejp.  Jfe Vancouver Knitting Co., U4.  ,    .Bonnie's Seeds and AW JBnd* of Seed Potatoes   ,  Li  Pelta Grain and Feed Store  X*Hl H9ain Street  Our Specialty   '_, Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables     ^ _   _.  ���������        .free City Pelivwy  Phone: Fairmont 2144* Vancouver, 3. 0.  "Pride of the West"  =���������= PRANP  OVEBALLS. SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  DRILL HALL AT CHILLIWACX, B. 0.  pieces as a result of lying on the  tracks while intoxicated', and  only a few months ago I amputated the right _ arm below the  shoulder of a young carpenter  who was run over while lying  intoxicated. Some time ago a  young man was brought into our  hospital with both legs off, as a  result of lying on the1 tracks  while intoxicated. He lived only a  short time, but long enough to  tell this story. He had reached  our city but.a few days before,  bringing with him his1 season's  earnings, about $125; and had  gone to one of our hotels. He  got drunk and the next thing he  knew was when he was on the  track with both legs off, and,  needless to say, no money.  Shortly after making this state*  ment, he died.       *  I asked the Medical Superintendent of the Vancouver General Hospital to give me some facts  as to the present results of this  traffic, and here they are, with  the names, of course unstated:  A���������Nov. 3, 1913���������Acute alcoholism.  B���������Nov. 2, 1913���������Alcoholism.  C���������Oct. 26, 1913���������Alcoholism.  D���������Oct. 20, ^1913���������Delirium  Tremens.  E���������Oct. 18, 1913���������Alcoholic  Cerebral Degeneration (asylum).  P���������Oct. 10, 1913���������Acute alco  holism.  G���������Oct. 9, 1913���������Delirium Tre  mens (college graduate).  H���������Oct. 9,1913���������Alcoholic Gar-  tritis.  I���������Oct. 9, 1913���������Alcoholism,  injury to head resulting in concussion.  These 'cases were picked out at  random.  Of the numerous cases admitted in September, the following  are some of the more serious:  A���������Found on street. Acute alcoholism, later developing into  delirium tremens. This followed  by alcoholic insanity. Now in  New Westminster Mental Hos  pital.  B���������Died from alcoholism.  C���������Acute alcoholism. Died  shortly after admission.,  D���������Acute alcoholism. Scuffle  in hotel. Fractured base of skull  Died seven'hours later.  Are not these sufficient,' painfully sufficient, facts that overwhelm us with a feeling that  something akin to a national disaster is taking place in our  midst? ,  Whatever other people may  think, members of ray profession  know, that alcohol' is a narcotic  drug with all that that means  in,tbe matter of the creation of  habit. Whatever may be considered the value of alcohol as a  drug in the treatment of dis  ease, medical opinion to-day is  coming overwhelmingly to the  belief' that the healthy man or  woman is better without alcohol. I ara a total abstainer, because I believe in total abstinence, and yet I am not foolish  enough to believe that all those  who do not see eye to eye with  me may not be profoundly interested in this question, and I am  of the opinion that one of the  mistakes^ made _by_J;he average  temperance reformer is to throw  into* a hostile camp all those who  are not prepared to take an extreme position on this question.  The majority of our people are  not indifferent. I meet and talk  Mpth all sorts of people, many of  whom are far from total abstainers, and I -find them for the most  part profoundly interested, and  the support of these people could  be obtained any time by the right  man for sane measures. For the  open' bar. in the hands of men  whose every interest it is to sell  as much as possible, is horribly  wrong.* Surely it should not be  difficult for an- intelligent administrative body to devise some  system under which, if men must  have alcohol, they can have it  under the best conditions of government control, in which the  question of personal profit to  the dispenser is eliminated and  where the quality of what they  drink is guaranteed. Present conditions, under which alcohol is  to-day sold, constituting what is  confessedly one of the most dangerous businesses I know of, lend  themselves not only to the degradation of the man who buys  but also of. the man who sells.  I do not wish to be misunderstood, I believe absolutely that  men and women are infinitely  better without alcohol and I believe that some day the world  will look back with amazement  at our toleration of a traffic  which means so much ruin, degradation and human suffering.  But I realize that the attainment  of this will only be reached  through years of education, and  any attempt to achieve the goal  suddenly would mean failure. At  the same time I have sufficient  faith in our people of to-day  and belieye that any government   ?   wise enough and- big enough to  deal with this problem along sane  lines will get the support of the  majority of our people.  IS YOUR SERVICE WORTH IT?  Service is usually measured by  what the world is willing ta pay  for, it. Money is the measure  by which the value of a man's  property or his service is estimated.  There are hundreds of ways  both legal and illegal, whereby  one may obtain another's property without giving anything in re  tufn. Theft and inheritance are  the chief methods. But since the  universal abolition of slavery  there has been practically no  other method of obtaining ' a  man's service than to pay him  for it--if we make exception of  such services of love as are rendered free of all charge.  Therefore, money has become  an almost accurate measure of  the service of a man or woman  is able to render in business, in  the judgment of thousands of  owners.-There are,many exceptions and inequalities, but in  the main, a man who renders a  service worth a_ dollar a day,  according to present market  prices, will get just about a dollar, while the man of better education and training, who renders  a service worth four dollars and  a half, will receive something in  the neighborhood of four dollars  and fifty cents.  Do not be ashained of the effort tov get more money. If your  service is honorable and your  work efficient, its reward should  be an increase in pay. _,   *  NEUTRAL TRADE  The United States having apparently argued Germany to' si  fence about- the "Lusitania," is  now. with impartial justice, arguing Britain, perhaps to silence,  about the interruption of neutral  commerce on the high seas. Brit  ain maintains, it is admitted, an  effective blockade of the-German  ports onj the North Sea, and' her  action in that respect is not' disputed by the government of ttie  United States, though some of  the United States newspapers  weakly- contend that the blockade is not -impartial because it  does not extend to the German  ports on the Baltic, which' are  open to the trade of Norway  and Sweden.  The question is as to-the right  of Britain to interrupt neutral  commerce with Germany through  the neutral ports ;of the Jiow  Countries, like Rotterdam. Britain contends that she has merely  extended or adapted the old principles of blockade to new circumstances. She argues that since it  is recognized that blockade is  an appropriate method of war,  it_ is just that an enemy country  should not escape the consequences of the blockade of its  own ports by passing its trade  through neutral territory. So,  the ^interception- of an enemy's  trade being lawful, interception  ought not to be confined to the  old-fashioned blockade, but tbe  blockading country ought to be  permitted to make blockade effective by intercepting trade with  neutral ports. If Britain's action  is not justified, it will be difficult to find any moral principle,  apart from the acknowledged  practice of nations, on which to  support the old blockade.  The United States herself, during the civil war, declared a  blockade of the southern states,  which she could not make effective, but by resorting to practices similar to those now complained of. She intercepted, for  example, cargoes destined to Jamaica for transhipment to the  south, and justified'the procedure  by developing what is called the  doctrine of continuous voyage.  ���������Toronto Weekly Sun.  SELECTING SEED POTATOES  Largely Increased Yield Results  From Individual Hill Selection.  For many years farmers have  given attention to the planting,  manuring and cultivation of their  potato crop,, but generally neglected methods of seed selection  or breeding. Regarding live stock  it is universally recognized that  it pays to put forth every effort  toward improving the strain by  careful selection and breeding.  The field of plant breeding and  selection offers to every farmer  an interesting and profitable diversion, aud it should becoriie 'the  farmer's hobby.  Experiments have shown that  potatoes grown from hill-selected  seed will give an increase of from  ^y^/^^m^^^- ^Hk?f^>  GUN OB8W ASHORE FROM ONB OF BBXTAIN'S W.&BSBXFB  Phone .Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST. VANCOUVER, S.C.  MANUFACTURERS OP  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  v on hand. -  BUQQIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  Campbell-Gordon Co., Limited  '   \ LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig .Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  v      .Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942. 1210 Bogie? Street  .30 to 50 per cent, oyer tbe average yield. The hill selection method consists" in making individual hill selections~in th$ field at  digging time, selecting, of course,  for uniformity in size and a maximum number of merchantable  tubers. J2a<eh buTraay be given  a number and kept and planted  separately the next year to permit comparison when tne - progeny is harvested- Another good  "plan is to go through tbe field  m autumn just before the tops  die down and mark, by a twig  or stake, the bills showing most  vigor and resistance to disease.  When harvest comes the marked  hills may be saved for seed,jdis-  carding" the" bills" which" <Jo ������ot  come up to standard. Enough  may be selected in this way each  year to plant a plot sufficiently  large to supply the seed for the  whole crop the following year.  No farmer is too poor to have  bis own breeding patch of grain  or potatoes. Indeed, if they but  knew, farmers can ill afford to be  without the breeding plot to supply seed for their own planting.  , "ROUOa ON EATS" ciear. oot  rati, mice, etc. Don't die in tbe  bouse. 15c and 26c at drug and country  stores. %4.  ^W9^8tJt~1  QCCQ  ~" Ottawa, CawKU  PJUNGLE *% aUTHRIH  Barrister* and Solicitor*  Clive Pringle. N. 0. Gatbrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioner*  Mr., Clive Pringle is a member ot tbe  Bar of British Columbia.  Glttam Building, Ottawa.  Perfect grammar may clothe a  vicious thought.  SSE  HORSESHOE BAY  (Near Whytecliff Station)  PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY  ���������    ���������    ���������    ���������  A Beautiful Ride. .  Splendid" Picnic Park. .  ���������  Bathing Beach and Bath House.  Swings, etc., for the Baddies.  Smooth Water for Boating.  The Best Place to Catch Sea-Trout.  ���������   ���������   ���������  There is always "something doing" at Horseshoe  Bay.   Take the children before school opens.  Bound Trip Adult Pare  FIFTY GENTS Friday, August 27, 1915  "*-     >               /       i.1             X, "X j,i-,X  ^-; xX^JijsX'X t<  1                       J         "                 .                                                      ~     tj.-*      r              4^^.' *           .   V      l         f 4               I- '  ."     ^<-4  no- ^41   1 <5 r ir<    .t .'     i  I '          )                              '                                    j     X,             r ,  OV   *    i1        '          .              ���������������              ')������ '"������������������SB        "    *4    f   >i X1  ~4                             -"                                         %                   "  ^            **      ., l ^                           ~*                              '4^h    Ji             v.-fV~Vt    _  1^                                                 V,                     "-         _                                                       fv\ *      - 4      I            ^       1          '     ^1,'r'-     J?'f'      '  It is more than one year ago  that five cabinet ministers waited in Downing street at the official residence of the Prime ,Min-  ister of Great Britain for* the  reply to the British ultimatum  that Germany'should .respect the  neutrality'of Belgium and by so  doing avoid war (at least for a  time) with this country.  4 They all knew (and" we shall  know later on) that owing to  criminal folly and an utter disregard of the warnings of those  best fitted to know, and those  best informed, that the country  ���������as past events have proven���������  was utterly unprepared for war.  The great bell of Big Ben  boomed out the hour, and the  / ministers who had fbr more than  ten yean been responsible for  the affairs of the British Empire  gazed in silence upon one another  and knew that the country had  drifted into that awful struggle,  which many feared and plenty  knew must come.  The whole burden of the frightful issues, for Europe, for the  world, for civilization, and religion was decided when no answer  coming from the ultimatum at 12  o'clock that night Great Britain  had thrown her might into the  scale on the Bide of Prance, Bussia. Belgium" and Servia, ahd was  , at war���������  General von Bernhardi, three  years before in .his book said,  ''War is for Germany a necessity. She has no option. She must  choose between world power and  downfall"���������        ~    "     ~ '    ' st  So be it. Germany has chosen.  The peace-loving, sausage-eating,  .beer swilling, cheap toy making,  friends of. the late Lord Chancellor of England have shown to  the whole world their utter indifference to any-kind of civilized life whatever. N- *  At first she started by violating the neutrality of Belgium,  disregarding to her' shame, her  solemn treaties, then the world  was shocked by the awful tales  of the cold blooded murder of  civilians, the "violating of women, and the mutilating of children. Civilization stood still for  the moment, to say it was shock  ed is to use but a mild word, it  was dumb-founded. It could not  believe that the revolting crimes  charged to the Germans could  ever be committed by white man  or black, in tbis civilized age of  Our Lord 1915.  From that date Germany has  never looked back. She has bombarded defenceless towns, murdered men, women and children,  at her pleasure, poisoned our  troops with gas, poisoned'the water of the wells, torpedoed and  A Safe Investment���������BONDS  "No safer form of investment ean be suggested than Canadian  Government and Municipal Debentures.   Their reeord is uniqoa in that  -     Onr list of bond offering*, 5 per cent, to 7 per cent, yield, and fun  practically no default has ever taken place in their payment."  partkalars, furnished ^upon application by mail or telephone. Inquiries  ******  OBPBBXBT, BOUHSHFBLL * OO, JJmOXED  Established 1886 ._'____.__.  itdsm's Bank BnflUUpg. 6i8 Hssttafi 8*. Wssfc  Loans.\   ,  ���������   STOOP*!*  07   00AI*  MUON0  Coal mining rights of the Domin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, tbe Yukon Territory, the  Xortb-west Territories and in a portion of tbe province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental  of $1 an acre. Not more than 2,560  acres will be leased to ene applicant.  Application fo* a *ea8e mU8t be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of tbe district in which the rights applied for  are situated. '  In surveyed territory the land must  be. described by sections, or. legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory tbe tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded* if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on tbe merchantable output of tbe mine at the  rate of five cents per -t ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish tbe Agent witb Bworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay tbe  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  oace a year. N .  The lease will include the ceal mining' rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted'to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered  necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  - For full information application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of  Dominion Lands.  *    W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized    publication    of  this advertisement will not be paid for,  38782.  rooms sevwoub em ,  Your home may be the next to  be burgled.  Safety First  A' Peposit  Box in  Vault  our Safety  Only $2.50 per  Annum  r       _  Dow, fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  McKay Station, Burnaby  P. T. iPiUEUS  THE SHOE BEPAIB MAN  has removod from  Cor. 7th and Main to  2440 Main Street. Near Broadway  Bring  your  Bepair Work  hers  and get a free pass to the Bro-t-l-  way Theatre   ���������rank* British and neutral vessels  and murdered their passengers  and crews,r and just 'recently violated the neutrality of Denmark  by " shelling a defenceless crew  who were ashore and under the  protection of the flag of that  .country.  And now in August, 1915, after one year ofr war we know  that there is nothing too base,  nothing too inhuman, nothing too  degrading for the Germans. Our  moral senses - have been dumbfounded, our sense of justice out-'  raged beyond measure, and we  really begin to question the wisdom of God���������the whole atmosphere seems poisoned, and night  and morning we ask ourselves  how can Almighty God allow  such deeds to be committed and  such brutes to live,     -\  For more than one year the  Germans have made war their  own way. In that year how we  have suffered! We have been patient with a patience that was only  taught by The "Man of Sorrows" Himself. We have taken  our defeats with fortitude. We  have thought our loved ones well  lost by dying to* rid the world  of such an accursed menace. We  have had faith} and have believed in the triumph of our cause  On the end. We have put bright  faces upon our grief, and who  Khali say that this patience, this  sorrow, this fortitude and ibis  faith is not the test���������the test���������  to prove ourselves worthy before  the Great Creator of all things  ���������worthy to represent humanity  in the future���������purified by trial���������  and warned by the diabolical acts  of. our enemies how low it* is  possible for great nations to sink  whose one aim is inordinate lust  of power.  Our enemies have gained several victories over the Russians,  but they have lost hundreds of  thousands of men. guns do not  last forever and'shells cannot be  manufactured without the material. The pinnacle of Germany's  fighting force was reached some  time' ago, and although she has  men enough to make herself formidable for years, each day that  most marvellous machine known  as the German army is losing in  efficiency and will continue to do  so until it is forced to stop/ -  Knowing that in munitions  Bussia. was much the weaker the  Kaiser has brought his whole  forces against her and in some respects he has succeeded. But be  will shortly have to deal with  Great Britain and France, who  have been piling up such a supply  of all things essential to battle.  The new armies of Britain are  not worn down by being rushed  from one frontier to another.  They are the flower of our Empire and before long the political  success of the Emperor in the  east will, we believe, be offset  by the beginning of the end in  the west.  - The Balkan states realize this,  they know that in the end Germany inust fall. The Turkish am-  gassador who has just been recalled from Berlin also said the  beginning of the end was in sight,  and the reckless action of the  German -submarine, .campaign,  and the smack in the face to the  United States by the sinking of  the Arabic, are but signs of a  desperation which spells disaster. The German losses are nearer four million than three. The  attempt of Germany to force  munitions through Roumania, her  threats, her disregard .of smaller  nations, all point to the desire I  believe she has to give in by declaring that it is impossible to  fight the world.  How many men we have in  France or Flanders no man except Kitchener himself knows.  How many in the Dardanelles  and Servia we can only guess.  And how many awaiting the order to advance in England is a  deeper mystery. But we do know  now that every man, every gun,  every motor, and all supplies are  ready and in their right place,  thanks to the Russians keeping  the Germans employed for the  past four or five months.  - We have spent long days in  the gloom. Our sky has been  overcast with clouds of blackness.  But we have been patient beyond  words. If some of us exasperated by the inhuman deeds of our  foes, have called for them to be  dealt with in a like manner, it  has not been done���������and I believe  this was because we had faith in  oar cause That .without .staking  to the depths our enemies have  sunk into, we shall be able in  time to rid the world of a brutal,  materialistic force and make it a  better place to live in for coming generations.  The dawn is in the sky, onr  sun will soon rise and shine upon  a field of battle where 'our arms  will be victorious, and the world  will admit that those victories  were won with honor, and glory  over an enemy who disgraced  the name of man. And who  knows, perhaps, our hearts will  be lifted up with thankfulness  that the blood that was spilt, as  far as Britain was concerned, was  lost according to civilized warfare, when men fought men, and  in the days to come little children  will shudder* at the name of the  Emperor Wilhelm II  ��������� ���������   ���������  What is the next game between  Berlin and Washington T Bluff or  cut-throat?        .-  ��������� ���������   ���������  ' Arrived in this country March,  1913. Naturalized and a postmaster at Sperling, B. C, 1915, and  still there. Did this man learn to  love Britain in Germany f  ��������� *   ���������  " Quite enthusiastic those recruiting meetings, songs, recitations,  speeches.  Organized by the Recruiting  Officer1?   I don't think.  ��������� ���������   ���������  , I should say there was a  chance to avenge the "Arabic"  in the Baltic if our submarines  can only get busy.  ��������� #   9  I hear from reliable authority  that the 29th battalion is fixed  -t-  fijaas-fX ,  _!______  ,.  w *m w - ��������� "       ^  Jos. H. Bowman  X  'X >  91041 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street V-ancoover, B. C  /  "X >  ������'*\4  '    I ,'  J<  ���������V;  /(  X  Telephone: North Vancouver 108  "X.A'v  <  -    ���������<     j   ������ s  x' y  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  1        "   - ���������    x-  SHIP BtJILDERa-SCOW.S-BlPA.IEB  ."���������'.  MAEINE RAILWAY  North Vancouver, B. O.  V  A*  i  "���������*���������--.  *fo*.  ff\  j I  THE HEN WHO  ARE COMING BACH  Here mid there in our citier  and towns and quiet country  places^men who-have been,fighting for king and country in that  greatest of all great struggles the  world has known are slipping  back quietly to the homes from  which they went out in health  and vigor a few short months  ago. Some of them will rest and  recuperate, and perhaps return  again to the scene of conflict;  but for others, alas! fighting days  and perchance even working days  are over. .  are coining back everywhere  show a spirit of intense serious-,  ness. "It makes a man think,*'  they say. And sorely, indeed, it  must. It is making na who stay  at home think aa we have not  done before in 'all onr lives. Not  that they or we or any of us  are disheartened ofr frightened of  the future, but the emptiness and'  frivolity has gone ont of things,  and life .seems crowded with, responsibility and concerns that  are worth while.  And as the war goes on and  more men come back, and we are  all more and **nore affected, w������U'  it not be that life in all' ito  phases���������social, political, religions  ���������will grow to be a more seriona  affair,'not a^more solemn or opr-  pressive or long-faced Jhing^jw  more dignified, fuller; richer!  /Yes, while we txi>to^*W*t^i,  and, comfort and encourage  t*������  -3xxx>  ,vXX? ������ *  J-jsry  -J       T  Jr.    J -*<"* K  ivX>X'  XXIX  ���������    \  "<-fx  , /Xx"  /-���������������A\y  x* y>0'  ~ *;v<X"'  "   - H?Y! .  ' x i,.^-*  .   "*-4 ..������   <  1  xx-x/sl  . W,AA\  f f rrvv^ a.**. \|  x>x<  A   "   /  !*..*  vv  m The coming back ia always dif-  forthTDwdaneUes or"thatwayi|*ereot <f������>ni the goings away, and  The Servians weakened their for- sometimesi it is tragically differ-  ces on the Austrian frontier some ent- But those of na who nave not ana comiort ana mapiBtwv!W4^-&'<������?ga  time ago and took possession of f������������������ ���������bwjW not increase that drf-Uen ,^0; ihm *e������nlns. biW-flwr ,^^^*j3  ��������� teen** by taking no notice ot will be teaching j���������������apn������ \Vo9M\'/k/nm  the, men whom we cheered so ---��������� *-������-���������������  ���������.-!_*���������* ���������*     ^ ������w������  lustily as tbey were leaving.1 Now  that they are coming back to us  again is the time for us to show  our appreciation of their sacrifice  and devotion. Looking after the  men who have come back is jnst  as good work as hurrahing for  tbe men who are goipg, though  it is not likely to be nearly so  popular.  A MOTOR TBUCK FITTED AS AN ARMY BEPAIR SHOP  Avlona. Avlona is a seaport and  transports can get there���������funny  eh! v '      ,  -\ ,999  Chief Petty Officer Hughes,  who left here with the iirst contingent of Ex-Royal Naval men,  is serving on board H- M. S. Battle Cruiser Tiger.  ��������� 9    9  .Lieut. Leeson writes: "Tbeire  used to be many ask for tbe  "Western Call" when I got it,  but we are dwindling down.  There   will   be   a   great   time  shortly."  ��������� t   ���������  .. It's a great puzzle nowadays  to find one column of a newspaper that doesn't give tbe lie direct to the other column.  ��������� *   *  When "Bloody Mary" lost Calais, shei declared that, after she  died the word would be, found  written on her heart. When the  Kaiser, perchance, goes to bis  grave written on his heart���������if- he  has one���������somewhere in the blackness, in letters of scarlet blood,  will also be found engraved,  "Calais."  ���������. ���������   ���������  "The German is an unhealthy,  malignant excrescence upon the  human species."���������John Bull.  Quite true, John, and the war  has served as an x-ray to reveal  its character.  ��������� #   *  "This war was not the mere  outcome of Germany forty years  preparation for slaughter, it was  the steady growth of thousands  of years; the causes were in active operation when the Huns  wore skins of untanned hides,  and fought with stone hammers.  The Germans precipitated the  crisis -because they were the  bloodiest minded, the greediest,  and the vainest human animals  on this planet."���������-Prof. Ayton:  ��������� *   ���������  Cotton  is  at  last contraband  of war. The men who are responsible for allowing cotton to enter Germany by not making it  contraband of war on August 5,  3914, are greatly responsible for  the toll of. lives of Britain and  her allies in consequence of the  free import into Germany of  raw material for munitions.  ��������� ���������   *  1 battle cruiser, 2 cruisers and  7 torpedo boat destroyers is not  a bad bag in one day. There  are quite a few British submarines in the Baltic, so we may expect something more shortly if  this latest affair .does not scare  the Huns back to the Moss bank.  and very useful lessons, h  us mpre, than we help  Perhaps our social" life will tkv  tually become serious, pejrhaps  our political life r wiU s become  honest, perhaps xiijrL religious  life will * catch the unselfish enthusiasm of the Master. We are  thankful for the men who are  going, but are thankful, too,' for  the men who are coming back.���������  A*m  "��������� i ���������   '"Ii  v-lx/_  * X  They tell us that the men who Christian Guardian.  "toft. Jwwltm* for  *��������� VL**!*} *Z  t*tt,   vnvvnm    to  boms-suds   foods."  ���������Ths   Pafjy   fw-  dnce,folf 88.  ,  It would he the  height of folly aj  vv "*y*\ en**< (p������ftfPf" w^^^^  unpatriotic fo? us  to say:  Practical Patriotism  as Practised .far:_,_^  Prudent Perwiw  ���������V Xi$X#������  jm WAX* ������TAHPisW) ru>jn  because it is made in British Columbia and ito iudnrtry  gives daily support to over a hundred Britfcfe Coinmbia  workmen and tiieir families, if this were owr only claim.  But this fine family flour, made from the pick of Mani-  toba's great wheat crop, is Superior to the Other Flours  of Foreign Manufacture. We say so because we ourselves  have tested it from every possible baking standpoint in  comparison with these other foreign.flours. And we ask  you to test it at our expense.  ORD!* A 8A0K OF ROYAL  STANDARD .TUTOR TODAY  Use it aa yon would the flour to which yon have been accustomed. If it does not give results far superior���������-if yon  are in, any way dissatisfied���������your dealer will refund yon  the full purchase price.  Vancouver Milling & Grab Co. Limited  Vancouver      Victoria      New Westminster      Nanaimo  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  LIMITED  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 Bower. Building  Seymour 18%  VANCOUVER CANADA 41* ^  ������t\j������������W-������SiS*jiIi357rtMltoiH-^^  I.-1*   ������������������,*_  h'3,'   ~    -  fex1  X*xX,-  ������vb4iuu- _, mm. tf.wviitt.-w* Tj'XkaH������wM^(������ Nnr^5s5Sw7T������  w>^������������J*rfiM.^1^0^^W.<tfl������4.^>ltXl)t3t-jwi������tJ'J._   i-/^Mtwwj.������.^.'W^t^r>^J7!  ������-������4*>tU***J������tJ r  U,IBM) M<W.������*}4M<KlMttfirr M  THE WESTERN CALL  ri1 r-  \ i'?s5  .- 'J-  U'C!*1*1  x  i  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS, M.  P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  2&3 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  ^      Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  ������OL- f ������"������"* *  Iv1"  WHEN THE*������ERMANS TORN WEST  AS  BERLIN professes to  view  the  situation  >   to-day, Germany's military position in the  opening weeks" of the second year of ,the war  does not differ1 in essence, though varying in  detail  from what the Kaiser's strategists expected it to be at the end of the first month  of jthe first year of the war, Germany's problem was to beat one enemy and then turn upon  the other. -. By the first, week of September,  1914, the. first part of the program was to have  been virtually completed.    The French   armies  were to be disposed  bf, with Paris taken or  doomed. Then would come cleaning-up opera-  '- tions  against Russia,  more  deliberate  in  nature 1>ut with preordained resultxUp to September "5, 1914, it' actually looked as if the  first part of the programme were being realiz-,  ed, but then came the change on the Marne,  with after-effects in. Flanders and in- Russia.  To-day the situation is Reversed. It - is Russia  that .has given way firstXBut as Berlin might  argue,   and   doesr argue, Xthis   is  a   matter   of  detail.   The;,esseptial nature of the great plan  is still the same/ The enemy on one side has  been struck downt There'isVnow leisure for dealing with ^ the enemy  on the ��������� other flank.  And  the implication  is that  whether  France    went  down first, or Russia, does not really matter.  ;,. : , This implication is not in the least justified.  It ,d������es make .a vital difference whether Rus-  Xsia or  France  was the  first to  succumb-���������-assuming for the moment that Russia in a inili-  ' tary sense is out of it, so far as the German  > forces.are concerned. The situation is different  >in one > respect, that whereas Germany counted  upon beating France iri five-weeks she.has taken  v ,-v-������   . .a* year to'beat Russia, and has done it, up to  X'//- -the present; less completely than she expected  l.X v ".to'put through the job' in France in five weeks.  The difference in time elapsed is a second fac-  X',      ' -tor. .  It means that the 'Germany which will  turn to de^l with France after a year of war  ���������, .  ; ..cannot conceivably be the ,Gerraany which would  X <   \kyhmei turned shout to cfeat with Russia after  '',V -; ^>;HJveVweeksV-af������^ar. The1 strain of a year's efforts,  ���������/ kk 'X-Xthe, ,enpjwno������s ^losses, the   gathering   economic  XX        hnrdepS' 'have   been   felt.   The   German   rush  'X>x   -' ������'*������������������*���������������> the allied .defences in the west, if it  "  X.'    does come,i cannot came with  England has under the colors at least three and  a half million men, of which two- millions have  had a minimum of six-months' training. The  French army, with its reserves, would come close  to making up the total of five millions. Italy  also counts. The superiority of the French or  British soldier, man for man, to the Czar's  peasant soldier is unquestioned. In the matter  of leadership it is probable that France, in the  person of Joffre, has produced the one genius of  the Avar. On the attacking side, - if Germany  should choose to attack, there are not available  the Austrian forces which are needed to keep  Russia in check even in her present condition.  Jn a word, the British and Italian armies today are nearly equal in number and superior  in total fighting resources' to Russia at the  height of her power. So that when Germany  faces west now she faces an opposition as powerful as she confronted at the beginning of the  war. In other words, at the beginning of the  second year of. the conflict Germany has the  war to fight all over, again. Among her opponents are two nations that have just begun  to fight���������Great Britain and Italy. Plainly, it  is not a mere series of cleaning-up. operations  that .Germany faces.���������Evening Post.  Suppose that during the war we turn over  our expenditure for booze to the patriotic funds.  A suggestion for Mr. Shallcross.  j- . ~  GERMAN PROPAGANDISTS IN O. S.  Friday, August 27, 1915  Minister of Militia Is Knighted  THE NEW YORK .WORLD is .publishing a series of articles of the most startling character upon the activities of German official  , and non-official propagandists in the United  States, in not Only attempting to control public sentiment in the country through the intermediary of secretly owned newspapers and  news agencis, but also upon the efforts of Ger-  -man agents to foment, strikes in domestic establishments manufacturing munitions of war  with the connivance of disloyal labor, leaden  and agitators. The World also publishes cor:  respondence to show that the German government, through the military attache of. its embassy at Washington, was engaged in an effort  to restrain the trade of American producers of  liquid chlorine���������this in the interests of keeping  a monopoly in killing its enemies by /asphyxiation through the use of this latter invention  for destruction of soldiers. The correspondence  published also ' illustrated the highly efficient  methods adopted by Germany in encouraging  sentiment adverse to the continued shipment of  war munitions to her enemies, and also to purchase aeroplane factories in Ohio so as to prevent her enemies getting aeroplanes, and at the  same time acquiring a good businss. These  revelations furnish food for much reflection on  the p,art of the Washington authorities, v  A man with $5,000 worth of stock in a local  hotel is going to vote prohibition and lose his  investment.. He will sleep better for it.   Bravo 1  TBE BRITISH FLEET AGAIN  11 AUGAGNEUR, the French Minister of Marine, in an interview with a London paper,  said:   "The British  fleet ^ saved' the  world  t -  ��������� V  the,, initial  energy of the  first  August. The psychology of the situation-is utterly different. "If Germany's victorious legions  ' had  inarched  against  Russia  last  autumn,   it  would ha-ve been in the easy consciousness that  ��������� the main part ot the work was done, that the  rest of the campaign would, be something in the  nature of a procession. To-day the German ar-  ��������� nuejfc if they turn west, must do so with tbe  feeling that the holiday part of the programme  is over and that the real work is about to begin. Specifically the difference in the problem���������  as it was envisaged by Germany, a year ago and   a*_Lt_j3tands_to-day. may __bejhus stated.   II the v  German forces, with France disposed of, had  turned against Russia last autumn, they would  have marched against an army that might ultira-  O ately amount to, say, five or six million men.  Of course, there was much wild talk during  , the earlv, months of the war concerning Russia's unlimited resources. If we put the possible military strength of. Russia at five or six  millions we are ,near the truth. And against  those millions Germany not only would have had  equal numbers of her own, but she would have  had the Austrians.  ���������To-day, if the German armies in Russia are  sent against the .Allied line in France, they go  to meet as many British and French as they  would have had to meet Russians last autumn.  th������ -���������������.t   it it     from destruction by the barbarians of the twen-  the fS ardo?      *!eth ******* * save<* ��������������� ������" from utter desola-  ,t  onset  of  last      ?0n'     l *������ve ������������ P������������e������ee with the people who  it. onset  oi  last     hint that France is not satisfied with the British efforts.     You, promised naval co-operation*  you gave it, and you created an army for our  mutual  benefit.     With your army you have  achieved the apparently impossible. Your x. navy  is working without a word of its' daily doings  being chronicled.    Victory is in sight, I do not  pose as a seer, and when Lsay that victory is  in sight I do not mean that it .will come within the next few weeks, or even months, but in  AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT  OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE  the spring, well, you will see.  Mr. Grocer, check _up .yonr-- dead -beats.?'-.  How many are boozers?   Think it over.������  The gallant British 15th Hussars were, says'  the 'Journal' ,of Paris, stationed in the park of  an old castle in Flanders. They were more than  a litfle surprised to find on , the trees, when  they went to tie up their horses, that the necessary rings were already there. These rings had  been fixed there a hundred years ago, on the day  after the battle of Waterloo.  The State is responsible for the social surroundings of-a boy. You are the State. Are  you satisfied that you have given the boy a fair  deal���������a clean environment.  v  v  iii  !!t  THE CITY MABKET, WHICH HAS'BECOME QUITE POPULAB THESE DATS  NOWJTHAT INCREASED 'ATTENTION is being given to the relations of- Canada with  Russia a work descriptive of the natural resources and recent agricultural progress of the  great Russian Empire comes opportunely to the ,  aid of those desirous of enlightenment thereon.  From the Russian department, of agriculture  has recently been received a large quarto volume  published at Petrograd in 1914, and printed in  both the Russian and French, languages with  the title "Industrie Agricole on Russie."     Its  object is stated to be the publication in the most  ^convincing manner possible of the data concern-,  ..ing agricultural development from the ninth decade of the last century to the present time, i.e..,  sthe period covering the special administration of  -agriculture throughout the Empire. The work  contains, therefore, in a series of graphic statistical representations a review of the results  of agricultural measures of a general character,  such for .instance as those for the spread of agricultural science, the development of agricultural experiments and agronomic organization  generally and for the improvement of agricultural technique, the data on these subjects being   preceded by   general   staflistical   information   on   the   agricultural   industry   of  Russia  from 1895 to 1913.   The following arc the more  detailed divisions of the work, territory and population; soil, fertilisers and cultivation; field  crops; scholastic and extra-scholastic agronomical instruction; agricultural experiments; agronomic organization; the agricultural press; expenditures  of  the   department   pf   agriculture  and of the zemstvos or provincial councils.  The Russian empire embraces, according to  this work, a total area of 9,417,155 English  square "milesxof "which'22.1~ p.e. are in the 50  governments of European Russian, 57.4 p.e. in  Siberia, and 16.2 p.e. in the Steppes and Central Asia. The remaining comparatively small  proportions are in Poland, the" Caucasus and  Finland. In 1912 the total population of. the  Empire was 171,059,900, the vast majority���������in  fact more than 70 p.e. of the total and, over  ,a considerable area, more.than 90 p.e���������depending for existence upon agriculture and rural  economy. Of the total, 147,220,000, or 86.1  p.e, composed the rural and 23,839,900, or 13.9  p.e. the urban population. The mean density of  the whole population in 1912 is given as 20-25  per sq. mile and of the rural population as  17.52 per sq.  mile.  The value of agricultural machinery imported into Russia is stated to have grown from  10.090.900 roubles ($5,196,814) in 1895 to 50,-'  477..500 roubles ($30,630,913) in 1912, and the  value of agricultural machinery, manufactured  in Russia from 9,600,000 roubles' ($4,944,000) in  1895 to 52.628,000 roubles ($27,103,420) in 1912.  The expenditure of the Department of Agriculture ior agricultural purposes was 15 times  greater in 191.3 than in 1895, the increase being from 2 million roubles ($1,030,000) to .30  million roubles ($15,450,000).. During the ten  years 1903-1912 this expenditure, amounting to  78,900,000 roubles ($40,633,500), largely exceeded the total of 71.600,000 roubles ($36,874,00))  spent during the preceding period of 60 years.  During the last three years, 1912?14, the* total  expenditure was considerably higher than the  sum expended during the decade 1903,1912, and  was even more than the total expended during  the 65 years 1838-1912, The agricultural expenditure of the zemstvos has also largely in-.,  creased, viz.. from 900.000 roubles ($463,500)  in! 1895 to 16,000.000 roubles ($8,240.00) in 1912.  For the ye.ar 1913 the sum expended by the  Department of Agriculture and the zemstvos  was not less than 46,000,000 roubles , ($23,690,-  000). The number of agricultural experiment .  stations (establissements d 'experiences agroriomi-  ques) has grown from 27 in 1895 to 212 in 1912  and to 250 in 1914. From 1895 to 1913 the  agronomic personnel of the central government  'has increased from ten to 1,365 and of the  zemstvos from 134 to 3,216.- It* is thus appar  ent that Russia, not less ,than the United Kingdom and Canada, has, during the last two or  three years, vastly increased the subventions  accorded by the State for the7 purposes of agri-  tural development.  These are only a fewr of the facts selected  from the volume, which is profusely illustrated  with a great variety of statistical charts, diagrams and stereographs, finely executed, many  of them in colours. Each section of the work is^  also preceded by a page of photographs of  typicaLpeenes in Russia illustrating agricultural  processes connected with the data under review.  The German Government has commandeered  the 1935 ������'.rop of oats'throughout the Empire.  : ^t���������  ���������  John Bright used* up about $3,000,000 fighting, the 'Torn Laws.7 You cannot will a great  reform fight on "hot air," so'PUT OF, Mr. Prohibitionist, or SHUT Up.  It is ofiicially announced in Montreal that  the name of the steamship company formed by  the amalgamation of the Canadian Pacific and  Allan lines would be 'The Canadian Pacific  Ocean Services, Limited.'  The farmers of the United States are, according to the Department bf Agriculture, harvesting the greatest" wheat crop ever grown in any  one country, and which may reach a billion'  bushels. The department experts last week estimated the crop at 966,000,000 bushels, basing their calculation on the condition of the  crop on August 1st. Bumper harvests of other  cereals and food crops are indicated.  THE MONTH OF DAHLIAS  EACH FLOWER has its season, and dahlias  are not regarded as either spring or summer  decorations, but in the autumn they are  conspicuously gay. Some were in flower in July,  others in August, but it is during September  that they are gorgeously impressive. They are  full grown now, and in a state that induces  great displays of flowers most appropriate to  the surroundings and the season. They bloom  now without attention, but greater success attends when giving them care. Keep a constant  eye that the shoots are securely tied up. A  windy^ night may spoil many, whereas if secure they will remain attractive well into October. Clip decayed blooms off. If the roots  are likely to become very dry soak them freely  and keep moist. The blooms will then be fresh,  bright-colored, and lasting.  The discovery is announced in Melbourne,  Australia, of a specific for cerebro-spinal meningitis rby Dr. Richard Bull, director of the bacteriological laboratory of the University of  Melbourne. Dr. Bull stated that eucalyptus  would destroy the germ. The treatment of-  cerebro spinal meningitis has long presented a  serious problem for medical science. Up to a  comparatively, short time ago there was no effective treatment for this disease, known as  'spotted fever' or 'the black death. <' In the  T"notecnth century .there were serious epidemics  of this disease ever Europe and in the eastern part of the United States. The introduction of serum therap. however, offered hope of  combatting -the disease successfully. In the  enidemie in*-New York in 1905 the serum of  -Ftocner and Jobling was .used with striking  success among young patients. The death-rate  where serum was employed fell to 46.3 per cent,  compared with 90 per cent, without its use. The  medicinal properties of the "oil obtained from  leaves of the eucalyptus tree have long been  recognized, It has been used in treatment of  microbe disases of the' lungs and bronchial  tubesiand employed as an antiseptic;  How many machine guns would Vancouver's  booze bill buy? Why not cut it out for a while,  Mr. Moderate Drinker? x V     -  \  ^^^flasjqg. r;p- .j:^....^-^,^.  aaggfe.  ��������� X -  " "M Friday, August 27, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  i /  The B.C. Consumers' League  and Fifty Vancouver Retailers Offer  53 Prizes  For Patriotic Work  Three are cash prizes of $25.p0, $15.00 and  $10.00. Each of the remaining fifty-prizes iff  an order on a leading retailer fbr merchandise  to the value of $5.00. "  The prizes will be awarded for obtaining members  for  the   British   Columbia  Consumers'  League.  i f  t  There is no fee or charge of any kind connected]  with becoming a member. Practically everybody you ask will be glad to join the League, ,  because all thatris required is to sign a card  agreeing to give the preference in buying (price  > and quality being equal) to the products, first,  of British Columbia; second, Canada; third, k  the British Empire. You will find the pledge  card at the bottom of this space.  Over one thousand of the cards have already  been signed, but. the directors of the league  are determined to obtain, within the next two "  *- months  5000 Members  Competition Will Start July 8  )t Will Close September 15th-  With so many prizes, you will have an excellent  opportunity to win one of them. Resides having a fwie chance to win a prize, you will be'do-  ing-a work most important to the progress and  welfare of this city and province. Call at the  office of the League (or write if you live out  of town) for pledge cards, rules of the cam-  petition and full information.   Then  ���������  Work for Productions  Prosperity and a Prize  i  The pledge card is w follows:  Realizing the importance of promoting the Industrial and agricultural progress ,of British Columbia and the Empire, I hereby ask to be enrolled  as a member of the British Columbia Consumers'  League, agreeing to advance the objects of the  League by giving the preference in purchasing  (price and quality being equal, ���������first, to the products of British Columbia; second, of Canada;  third, of the British Empire.  JPi&lUO     ,,.������������������������������������#������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������<  Address  Come in or write today, or as soon as you can,  for cards and full information. The above  coupon, signed and brought or mailed to the  office, will be regarded as a regular pledge  card.  *  BX, Consumers' League  183 PENDER STREET WEST  (INDUSTRIAL BUREAU BUHJXENG)  PHONE SEY. 4242.        VANCOUVER, B. C.  RELIGIOUS FORCES  AT SAN FRANCISCO  The American fondness for  conventions is in full swing in  the Panama Pacific Exposition,  under tbe auspices of which 825  such gatherings are being held  in the course of the year. The  great 4$2,000,000 auditorium, built  for the purpose, can accommodate  twenty one conventions at/ the  same time, and the largest of its  halls has a seating capacity of  10,000. A large proportion ' of  these conventions are religious in  character, and many^f them revolve about the idea of peace on  earth.  The diversity and yet the united interests of the religious organizations of the country are being demonstrated in another form  in the great religious exhibits,  displayed in the Palace of Education and Social Progress under  the direction of the Federal Council of Churches.  Not only has the field of the  constituent bodies of the Federal  Council been fairly covered, but  other agencies, either officially of  practically recognized by the  Evangelical churches, axe also included.  In connection with the exhibit a moving-picture room seating  200 people, affords opportunity  for daily illustrated lectures upon  the N Home and Foreign Mission  Work, Sunday School, Educational. Social Service, and, the  Temperance Work of the federated Evangelical churches. Bulletins are displayed from day to  day announcing the special features and programme for the day.  A LESSON OF LIFE  School has opened again. The  boys and girls are back with  smiling, happy faces, and can be  seen each day, books in hand,  showing that keen, Canadian  energy which is brought about  by the anticipation of a new class  and anew teacher and a step up  the ladder of education. - The  following little peom, written in  /  r<Xv,-,  11  TO  Cut this out, sign it, and get your friends to sign it, and return it to the OaU.,     X  THE WESTERN CALL: "'/j, ,    V    V<   .'  Please enroll my name as a member of the Property Owners' League, and proceed with  the organization as speedily as possible.   . / XX  4,4^.   ..   >H  Signature  '    '  Residence  Oe^npation. x ���������-  V   ���������  Y ��������� -  X.  1  ' ' X'   ���������*       k  <  4    -    .  i  '                       *      *>                              v                                                              **   "  "*                                                                           f **       \                              1                    J  S-                                                                                                         i  -'"'���������.,    "      >   ''���������" V   r  'l'r       '                   >-             '                    X              *~     '  '               ���������"           ^       i-           '         "*     >"*      -L          '      "  I-  ARBITRATORS' REPORT  BROUGHT DOWN  The arbitrators in the wages  dispute between the B. C. Electric Railway and their employees  have brought in their report. The  arbitrator for the compjsny, Mr.  Justice Macdonald and Mr. A.  G. McCandless, have agreed in  recommending a general reduction of wages, amounting to 8.57  per ccut. in the case of. fifth  year motormen and conductors,  with a slightly lower reduction  for those receiving less than the  maximum pay.  The reductions in the scale  per hour for motormen and conductors is recommended as follows :  First year from 27 to 26 cents;  second year from 29 to 271-2  cents, third year, from 31 to 29  cents; fourth year, from 33 to  301-2 cents; fifth and after, 35  to S2 cents.  Motormen and conductors on  work trains and in the suburban  service would draw a cent and  a half an hour extra, as they do  at' present. Brakemen, baggagemen and trolley-men on the suburban lines will draw 25 cents an  hour for the first half year, 26  cents for .the v second half year,  26 1-2 cents for the second year,  27 1-2 cents for the third year  and 28 1-2 cents for the fourth!  GARDEN  HOSE  We. have a special Sale-of Hose on now.,    \ \  A  Regular $5.50 for - $4.75  Regular $5.00 for X $4.00 ;  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with coupling* and  nozzle.    Phone us your order.   We make prompt delivery.  ���������V" _. V/*   "*     JJ F f  . .������    '     ,f$t,   t?r  /MmM  - y:-MA- v  xX*px<  ^       ! j^r.. <_-  4        ^   .     ^^    ���������  A?m.  7 A XX'X  AvA'Vl;  ,n - -it f  ��������� S i-V^"* J  \     .~>.  prose form ought to be read by  every father and mother and boy  tind girl interested in school. It __  is a siniple little life-story that (year and after. Painters will draw  will do us all good if we but 30 cents an hour, machiniflts 42  W. R, Owen J Morrisotf  ' ' " *��������� ' x-;  The Ait. Pleasant Hardware        ���������      '���������  Phone Fair; 447 2337 Main Street  ���������"���������    -   " ' !_':    Ay-  **.���������.., r4/MiM  V <liA<,  jX?������4t1  ���������  '/i-Aii  i X������i>>_  }  --- &\   m  >~-'i-r-'4\  !'A-t-J-jVfl  ���������sane  ponder over it  A sad-faced little fellow sits  alone in deep disgrace I there's a  lump arising in his throat, tears  streaming down his face; he  wandered from his playmates, for  he doesn't want-to hear their  shouts of merry laughter, since  the world has lost its cheer; he  has sipped the cud of sorrow, he  has drained the bitter glass, and  his heart is fairly breaking; he's  the boy who didn't pass.  In the apple tree the robins  sing a cheery little song; but he  doesn't seem to bear it, showing  plainly something's wrong; comes  his faithful little spaniel for a  romp** and bit of play, but the  troubled little fellow sternly bids  him go away. All alone he sits  in sorrow, with his hair a tangled mass, and, his eyes jare red  with weeping; he's the boy who  didn't pass.  How he" hates himself forfailing, he can hear his playmates  jeer, for they've left him with  the dullards���������gone ahead a half,  a year, and he' tried so hard to  conquer, oh, he tried to do his  b'est, but now he" knows he's  weaker,-yes, and duller than the  rest. He's ashamed to tell his  mother, for he thinks she'll hate  him, too���������the little boy who  didn't pass, who failed of getting through.  Oh, you who boast a laughing  son and speak of him as bright,  and you who love a little girl  who comes to you at night with  smiling eyes, With dancing feet,  Avitii honors from her school, turn  to that ��������� lonely little boy who  thinks he is a fool, and take him  kindly by the hand, the dullest  in the class. He is the one who  most needs love, the boy who  didn't pass.  NOTES   AND   COMMENTS  1-2 cento, carpenters 37 cents and  blacksmith 42 1-2 cents. Maintenance of way men are to draw  24 cents an hour ���������> for the fin������t  nine months and 25 cents thereafter. Teamsters are to be paid  $62.50 pfer month.  No vital Xbanges are recommended in vital conditions.  Evidence bad been afforded  that the cost' of living is now  lower in Vancouver, Victoria and  New Westminster than it was in  1913, when the present agreement was made. It was shown tbat  inductions of from 10 to 25 per  cent, had been made in wages by  other mercantile and industrial  establishments, and it had been  proven that the wages paid by  the company were higher than  the scale paid by other street  railway companies in Canada and  the United States. In addition,  it had been pointed out that the  rateof wages hadimcreased 8 per  cent, since 1913. The board expressed the opinion that if the  wages of motormen and conductors is decreased by 8 per cent.,  men would, in these times of depression, receive the same wages  as they received in the period of  prosperity. The board refused, in  fixing the rate of wages, to take  into consideration the fact that  the company was operating under  franchises conferred by the  people.  Mr. J. H. McVety, arbitrator  for the men, states in his minority report that he regrets he is  unable to agree with his colleagues. He asks why the company should not first have reduced its charges to the consumer. The evidence showed that  the company was buying power  at the rate of three-tenths of a  cent per kilowaat hour and sell  ing for eleven cents and why the  company should be permitted  to  If you have a bit of news,  Send it in,  Or a joke that will amuse,  Send it in.  A story that is true,  Au' incident thats new,  We want to hear from you���������  Send it. in. '  ������   ������   *  So many able bodied men are  shirking their responsibilities to  the empire that conscription will  likely have to be resorted to before this terrible war is over.  "���������"'���������.*".��������� ������������������  ��������� ���������  We would like to see a battalion of men between the ages of  45 and 55 formed. A German  killed by a man of 55 would be  just-as dead'as. the one killed by  a man of 25.  ���������Av  7-    *���������-"    '4,."-    -J*".    ,     ^yKs^X  i .     , ......  X j-   o���������XXX *&������j&������  take  advantage    of    Repression  conditions until, it gives its customers the privilege of doing so,  particularly as there are lower  rates for light in Winnipeg, Seattle, etc. >n,  Mr. McVety does not think the  company bas made out a ease on  its claim that wages,have been  universally reduced jm this die  trict, and does not regard tbe  fact that outlying lines are not  now paying a sufficient reason  for reductions, because in other  years.^ in the past and in other  years to come in the duration of .  - ������������������_���������-*.     _,    _������     v  the franchise these lines may be ������?��������������� ������ culture. According to of- J  busier. He also believes that the ficiai reports at Washington, tbe   &  ���������a*  ���������%-_'' ^       "*$4,:  #/i  similated many German enmUmmf  during; a close .������ssoeiation <&:c>***A,  thousand year*. lfaimfA*ffi(&AyA-Vl *f%n  close vproxima-y^to! [^memt^A^ ^^$  not, itIs certain thattheyposw*. ;* ^^  to a greaterr ;l|egreeXfjMWI^ 1** .  other- Slavs the spirit of aggressiveness. The long1 process;������*  assimilation has left the Bbbem- ''  ians^jiore than two-thirds a*d  the Germans less than one-tbird  of the entire population of the  kingdom. In ownership o$ til*  land Bohemians hold three-fifths  of the soil. The Bohemians  rank highest among the Slavic  busier. He also believes that the  cost of living argument, applied  regarding reductions in the last  two years, should be figured as  beginning from 1910, the. date the  men received their last increase.  It was contended at the hearing  that the cost of Hving is now  lower than it was in 1910 and  therefore he thinks that argument falls to the ground. For  these and other reasons Mr. McVety would continue the present  wage schedule.  THE FUTURE OF BOHEMIA  From tbe earliest times Bohemia has been the battleground  between Slav and Teuton. It  was in the early dawn of history  ���������about the fifth century���������tbat  Cech drove out the non-Slavic  tribes of Boii, from whom Bohemia derived her name. The  Teutonic peril has always hung  like a black cloud over the Bohemian people. One of the oldest invocations to the patron saint  was; "St. Vaclav, Duke of the  Bohemian land, do not let us perish nor our descendants." The  most . western of all the Slav  peoples, the Bohemians have as-  proportion  of  illiterates  among  immigrants is: Bohemians, under  3 per cent.; Slovaks, 25 per cent.; i4iW;  Serbo-Croatians,   38   per   cent.; >'r*J6  Poles, 40 per cent.; Ruthenians, &&^M  63 per cent. ^~(|L ,  The people; prefer to be known ?Sf^wk^A  as Bohemians, not Czechs, which i T^i'iff������������jj  is a corrupt form of Cech. Tbe ll^W  application Czech is regarded ^^^S&B.  generally in"Bohenwras an-AusXxf#&fj���������  train intimation to the world that *!i;^^I"i  Bohemia is part German. In the ' ' ' "r J  eensus of 1910, 4,241,180 inhabitants declared for the-Bohemian and 2,467,724 for the German tongue. The Hapsburgs have  never learned to conciliate the  Slavic peoples under their rule.  Austrian wars have proved to  be great liberating agencies for  oppressed nationalities. What the  Italians gained in the war of  1859 and the Magyars in the  campaign of 1866 the Bohemians  hope to achieve in the present  struggle. Including Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, and Slovakland,  the population of a United States  of Bohemia would number about  twelve millions. Although forced  into the ranks of the Austrian  army, every true Bohemian looks  forward to the break-up of Germanic hegemony in central Europe and to a corresponding rise  of Slavism.���������Globe.  #xsfp  j.mm  k$m  .x&->-  'j h?'T?V.'-  '"���������XvX*  XXX  x"v-  v. ���������,������  F'X  7 ' *   ���������'  * , *    ;  DETACHMENT OF THE C0BP8 OF OOIDBB Mto,������"- WfcuMS** MU1������l������������ ( H, Wtt^a^ifi *__���������>  IaxXx ���������-  ItT*,-V,   * '   '*  Iii*- X        -*,  BX -'    _> <^~  |, j}**-/"  ������  ,j.   >  f-< V" - ,    ���������  -XX  * '  SX' 'v..",  I J*^ t % v  |x,1X' _ - * '  XXX - >  /������������^     ,.'������������������"'  i x  k~x:;  7**1 v a*  '^xx .  i-*\  v<  X' X  i%;X' ,  "iwutwIudaui^B.      ������**^^4_M^i'f viiJvkriT,-.   )..^wtllt  '-*'W������������������-ltU.O^������L>'**.f)ri,^,������v*JU.*.^itf.lWWMtfJM  * mmw������M ncimi ..Min^n.^, ^J"J  v r ���������  ,  \  W-.'-x  |1<WI4       '_,  "4- f'.'-i        "  KxAA,  \i  *  ���������*.  ,-A<  '  ���������l     l    "���������   ."  t  i* "  ���������\  r  XX:  '/  <  f.,  11  I T   > *  "r*  1 ^  V  *���������  ���������  >.  T     *-   '  *  " I*  ~  ���������"���������       jjt  /  tv  * <,-  I'l'  II  I'l  iu  : V  X  I*  V  6  HOME TABLE HINTS  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which 'may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies-of this city that which is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper.  CANADA  Saturday, August 28th  Don't look too' hard except for something agreeable; we can find all the disagreeable things we want  between our own hats and boots.���������Leigh Hunt.  Breakfast���������Oranges. Breakfast Bacon. Creamed Potatoes. Coffee Cake. Coffee.  Dinner���������Vegetable Soup. Boiled Ham. Baked  Potatoes.  Spinach.  Cabbage  and  Corn Pickle.  - Indian Pudding. Coffee. *  Supper���������Lima Beans. Popovers. Blackberries.  Sugar Cookies. Tea.  Cabbage and Corn Pickle  < Remove the seeds and partitions from two  green and two red sweet peppers' and chop finely  with four large onions. Add two quarts of chopped cabbage, three quarts of cider'vinegar, two  , cupfuls of brown sugar, two ounces of dry mustard, one level teaspoonful bf tumeric and one-  quarter of a cupful of salt and bring slowly '  * to the boiling point.   Add the pulp from a dozen  ��������� large ears of green corn, cook five minutes long-  er^and seal *n glass jars.  ,    ���������   ���������   ��������� ,  Sunday, August 29th  ��������� "Ever the wings of the Summer '  Are folded under' the mold;  Life, that has known-no dying,       " -t  Is Love's, to have and to bold,  Till.sadden, the burgeoning Easter!  The song!  the green and the gold!"  Breakfast���������Musk Melon. Cereal with Cream.  Puff Omelet. Steamed Brown Bread. Coffee.  Dinner���������Vermicelli Soup. Roast Chicken. Horn  iny Croquettes. Carrots with Peas. Lettuce and  Grapefruit   Salad.   Cheese   Sticks.   Peach   Ice  * Cream. Coffee:  Lunch���������Sliced Ham. Potato and Cucumber  Salad. Fruit Cake. Tea.  Peach Ice Cream  Peel ten medium-sized ripe peaches,  press,  . through a puree strainer, add two cupfuls of  , sugar, a dash of salt, one pint of heavy cream  and one and one-half pints of rich milk. Pack  in ice and salt and freeze.  '"_��������������������������� *���������  Monday, August 30th  What shall I wish for my friend to-dayt  Silver and gold, success alway,  Joy and mirth, a life that's gay, ���������  Eternal sunshine and resting!   Nay��������� .,  I "wish you peace.'*  f ' ���������Tboniw F. Gordon.  Breakfast���������Fruit. Cereal with Cream. Minced  iHam with Poached Eggs. Graham Puffs. Coffee.  Dinner���������Rice Soup. Salmon Loaf, White  Sauce. Mashed Potatoes. Butter Beans. Apple  oand Pineapple Pie. Coffee. **  >������ i!Ni#^S"cken Sowffte-  R������pe Olives. Tea  Bolls. Sliced Peaches. Wafers. Tea.  Apple aad Pineapple Pie  x ?**. core aod slice the appjes, put them in  a pie plate lined, with paste, cover with paste  and bake until the fruit, is tender. Put four ta-  Wespoonfuls of grated pineapple in a stew pan  with "four tablespoonfuls of sugar and one tablespoonful of water and simmer until thoroughly  cooked. Remove the top crust from the pie, distribute the pinfeapple over the apples, replace  the cover and set aside to cool. .  i too'  Tuesday, August ZX*%  "(No squatter on a foreign sod  Wi*_?ft   4wp������ted���������cl������im,_    j  We hail thee, Sovereign Oolden Bod,  Thy Bcepter all aflame.  ���������John Nevins Emery.  RmWait���������Melon.   Boiled   Tomatoes   with  Vream Sauce. Buttered Toast. Coffee.  - _. J^mer���������Noodle Soup. Roast Beef. Horseradish Sauce. Browned Potatoes. Corn Pudding  Radish and Cress Salad. Peach Bavarian Cream.  Coffee.  Supper ��������� Pipkled Lamb's Tongue. Hashed  Browned Potatoes. Yeast Rolls. Apple Sauce.  Cake. Tea.  Apple Sauce OsJaa  Cream together one-half cupful of butter and  one  cupful of sugar and add one  cupful of  raisins, one-quarter of a teaspoonful' each of  salt and nutmeg, one-half teaspoonful of cloves,  and one teaspoonful each of cinnamon, lemon  and vanilla. Dissolve one teaspoonful of soda in  two tablespoonfuls of boiling water, then stir it  into one cupful of tart apple sauce. Combine  with the creamed mixture, beat in two and one-  half cupfuls of flour and bake in a moderately  hot oven.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Wednesday, September 1st  Again  September's  golden  day,  Serenely still, intensely bright,  Fades on the  umbered  hills away,  And  melts into the  coming night.  ���������Sarah Helen Whitman.  Breakfast ��������� Sliced Peaches. Oatmeal with  Cream. Coddled Eggs. Warmed Rolls. Coffee.  ���������Dinner���������Vermicelli Soup. Meat Pie with Pastry Crttst. Mashed Potatoes. Buttered Carrots.  Lettuce and Cress Salad. PJum Charlotte. Coffee.  Supper ��������� Cold Meat, Mustard Pickles, Potato  Straws. Whole Wheat Bread. Currant Loaf Cake.  Tea.  Mustard Pickles  Four quarts of the tender part of cauliflower  broken into flowerets, two quarts of peeled button onions, four seeded and chopped red peppers.'  Make a brine of one pint of salt and four quarts  of water, pour it over the vegetables, let stand  twenty-four hours, heat just enough to scald,  then drain in a colander.  Mix one cupful of flour, six tablespoonfuls  of ground mustard and one tablespoonful of  tumeric with enough cold vinegar to make a  paste, then add-one cupful of sugar and enough  vinegar to make two quarts in all. Cook and  stir, until thick, then add the vegetables and  heat thoroughly but do not allow them to boil.  Seal in glass jars.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Thursday, September 2nd  The golden-rod waved its bright plumes from the bank,  As if all the sunshine of. summer it drank,  And grapes full and fair  Their wild native fragrance flung out on the air.   '  ���������Henry Henderson.  Breakfast���������Pears. Cereal with Cream. Green  Corn Griddle Cakes, Maple Syrup.; Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Clear Soup. Croutons. Lamb Chops.  Baked Sweet Potatoes. Spinach. Radish and Onion Salad. Rice Pudding. Coffee.  c,   8?l[P^Hard-boiled Eggs.    Cheese    Saiice.  Spanish Rolls. Stewed Plums. Cake. Tea.    ���������  Spanish Rolls  1 Pour one pint of scalded milk over one-half  cupful of butter and one-quarter of a cupful  of sugar; when cool, add half a yeast cake dissolved in half a cupful of luke-warm water and  npx to a dough with six cupfuls of flour. Let  rise from six to seven hours, roll out half an  inch in thickness, cut into rounds with a bis-  cuit cutter, spread with butter, fold over, let  rise again and, bake in a moderately hot oven.  ��������� ���������   ���������  ���������Friday, September 3rd  Thy. marshaled hosts with nodding crest  Overspread the fields of sod  Of autumn,, fairest and the best,  Thou, Boyal  Golden Bod.  ���������John Nevins Emery.  Breakfast���������Grapes. Broiled Bacon. Browned  Cereal. Popovers. Coffee.  * -Dinner���������Clam Soup. Toasted Crackers. Boiled Salmon with Caper Sauce^ Mashed Potatoes.  Boiled Beets. Apple Tart. Coffee.  Supper���������Scalloped Lobster. Dressed Lettuce.  Bread and Butter. Chocolate Cake. Tea.  Scalloped .Lobster  Cook four tablespoonfuls of flour in three tablespoonfuls of butter, add gradually one and  one-half cupfuls of milk, stir until smooth and  season with one-half teaspoonful of scraped  onion, two teaspoonfuls of lemon juice and pepper and salt to taste. Cut the meat from two  pounds of lobster in small pieces, add to sauce,  turn into buttered individual scallop shells  sprinkle with buttered crumbs and brown in a  hot oven. Serve garnished with small lobster  claws and sprigs of parsley.  Tune: "0, Canada," by Lavalee.  Lord of the lands, beneath thy bending skjes, , /  On field and flood, where'er our banner flies,  Thy people lift their hearts to Thee,  Their grateful voices raise,    **  May our Dominion, ever be  A temple to thy praise.  Thy will alone  Let all enthrone;  Lord of the lands, make Canada thine  pwn;   ��������� ���������������  Lord of the landB, make Canada thine  own I  Almighty   Love,   by   thy   mysterious  power, "'  In wisdom guide, with faith and 'freedom dower;  Be oure a nation evermore  That no oppression blights,  Where  justice rules from shore to  shore,  From Lakes to Northern Lights.  May   love   alone  For wrong atone;  Lord of the lands, make Canada thine  own;  Lord of the lands, make Canada thine  own!  Lord of the worlds, with strong eternal hand,  Hold us in honor, truth and self command:      '  May all our race with constant mind  Have courage to be true,  Imperial ties more firmly bind  And all the earth renew.  ,Thy name be known  Through every sone';  Lord of the worlds, make all the lands  thine own; \  Lord of the worlds,- make all the lands  thine own! ���������    -  ���������Albert D. Watson.  One of the main seats of our weakness JieB in this veiy notion, that'  what -we do at the moment cannot  matter much; for that we shall be able  to alter and mend and patch it just  as we like by-and-bye.���������Ha^e.  Wrote Elizabeth, the poet-queen of  Roumania: "Do not be proud of having borne your misfortune. Could you  have done otherwise " ��������� Very per.  tinent question. Inasmuch as we can  in no . way evade our misfortunes,  there is no cauee for pride in meeting them. But the spirit in which we  meet them is in our own control. In  that there may be cause for pride or  f6r shame.���������"Great Thoughts."  TBS TOT BAND  COAJ-  "Our Coal Lasts Longer."  Oui Coal is better value than any other on the  market.   More heat.   No clinkers.  WOOD  Millwood and Kindling, per load \. .$2.50.    ������  Choice 16-inch Fir, per load... $3.00  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES  Kilgard Firebrick, Sewer Pipe, Partition Tile,  Etc.  FARM PRODUCTS  Hay, Oats, Etc.,  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour: 5408-5409  WHY NOT MOW  CITY HENS?  Many town and city people  could not only produce sufficient  eggs to keep their table going,  but have enough eggs left over  that would go a long way towards supplying the household  with groceries, etc. There axe  comparatively few city lots  where a small flock of poultry  could not be kept and enough  scraps find their way into the  garbage can to provide a large  proportion of the food. No male  birds should be kept, as they are  both a nuisance and an expense,  which, if done away with and  the house kept clean and sanitary, there is absolutely nothing  about such a plant that could  possibly annoy the neighbors. If,  say, one in every hundred city  families _ could produce even  enough' eggs for their own table,  it would reduce the number, of  those who Only consume and add  that many more to the list of producers.  A Song of tb������ Great getrsat  Dreary lay the long road, dreary Jay  tbe town, '"'   -  Lights out and  never' a glint" o*  moon;  Weary lay the stragglers, half a thousand down,  Sad signed tbe weary big Dragoon.  Oh! if I'd a drum here to msfee them  take the road again,  Oh! if I'd a fife to wheedle, come,  boys,   come!  You that mean to figbt it out, wake  and take your load again,  Fall in! Fall in! Follow the fife and  .. ���������a drum!    _ . , _____  "Hey, but here's a toy shop, here's a  drum for me,  Penny whistles, too, to play the tune  Half a thousand dead men soon Bbali  Jiear and see  We're a band!" said the weary big  Dragoon.  "Rubadub! Rudabub! Wake and take  the-road again,  Wheerle-deedle-deedle-dee, come, boys,'  come!  You that mean to fight it out, wake  and take your load again,  Fall in!     Fall in!     Follow the fife  and drum!"  Cheerily goes the dark road, cheerily  goes the night, ,  Cheerily   goes   the   blood, to   keep  the beat;  Half a thousand dead men marching  on to fight  With a little penny drum to lift their  feet.  Rubadub! Rubadub! Wake and take the  road again,  Wheedle-deedle-deedle-dee, come, boys,  come!  You that mean to fight it out, wake  and take your load again,  Fall in! Fall in! Follow the fife and  x    drum!  As Jong as there's an Englishman to  ask a tale of me,  As long as I can tell the tale aright  We'll not forget the penny whistle's  wheedle-deedle-dee  And    the    big    Dragoon    a-beating  down the night.  Rubadub! Rubadub! Wake and take the  road again,  Wheedle-deedle-deedle-dee, come, boys,  come!  You that mean to fight it out, wake  and take your load again,  Fall in! Fall in! Follow the fife and  drum! 7  Friday, August 27, 191f  Now is the Time  .^ ���������    -, t r  f I  To Buy Your  Supplies  The time to put your  best foot forward is  when your competitors are showing signs  of weakness.  ' S  " 1 *  Strong impressive  printing is more valuable to-day than ever,  because business men  are on the alert to de-  tect the slightest indi-  cation of unfavorable  ,     /���������  conditions, and for  4 . -'  this very reason every  suggestion of strength  and progress is doubly effective.  Your Printing should  bring this to your customers' attention not  only in connection  with your office sta-  tionery, bwt with all  printed matter and  advertising.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY  -4  mmmmmm  mMmmmmm ' < ?4  r J  X-.J  <      -  ^,:X\v ^XX     xXX ^,xvv,x'\*X^4^:>d^^<Xir^XfV.  i  xX  % $~ vt urt ,-,,.'.- i?v,;#; *  Friday, August 27, 1915.  ^  if^r-tl  ^  SPORTING COMMENT  S   4      '   '  Vancouver   and   Spokane   are  laving a merry time this week  [t the local ball grounds. Last  reek these same teams played  le series to a draw, 4 wins each.  Jy   the   manner  in  which   the  leavers are coming along just  iow they wiU not likely be the  cail-enders in the league-race after all.  ���������   ���������   ���������  .���������Li  profession. He takes the chances,  and if he comes out on top the  worldNsays "good,-boy," if not,  it is "good night "-for him.  Bob Brown expects to send  'itcher Ira Colwell up to the big  feagues next summer. The youngster has shown splendid form all  season, and Is the best bet in the  Northwestern league. Eastern big  [league scouts have him marked  If or next season, and' Brown will  [very  likely  balance  his  deficit  | through the sale of Colwell."  Think of it!     Ty Cobb, the  greatestof the great in. baseball Kehs and practically won the hon-  fhas been offered a contract for  ; three years by the Federal league  I at $100,000 a year. At the pros-  Lent time Cobb is drawing down  $52,000 per year from Detroit.  He says he needs the money, and  [is considering making the jump  next season.   And who wouldn't!  Sport has come to a 'pretty pass  when  salaries  soar  to  such   a  height as this proposal. But after  all,  baseball is a ball players'  ���������        *   v   ���������  In our opinion, while the proposed salary to T^y Cobb is certainly enormous, sfaR a player is  w;orth all he can get.  "      X "   ��������� f ��������� X'  Nationals of Montreal practically won the N. L. TJ. by defeating Cornwall on Saturday  last. The great Lalonde was playing with the Frenchmen and was  in the limelight throughout the  game. Wonder if Newsy is getting anything like $5,000 for the  season/this yearT  In the Queen City League the  Rosedale team defeated Tecum-  ors. A series of games for the  championshop .of the cdast wiJU.  probably be played between Nationals and Rosedales, and then,  perhaps, (perhaps) the winners  may take a whirl at the Minto  cup, which is snug in its New  Westminster -work box. And  then, alas, another crew of twelve  will go down to lacrosse submarine warfare ^at the hands of the  pirates of the Fraser river.  DOUBT vs CERTAINTY  Why are the hig railroads using the telephone  for dispatching purposes? 7  *��������� . '  '** '  , Because,of its certainty and safety.  THERE IS NO GUESS WORK ABOUT  W)NG DISTANCE TEIiEPSONJNG  ^   -Xv x  When you finish your conversation you know  your message has been received and, you already  have tlie answer.  Renumber also, that you do not pay for messages not delivered.  NO TALK, NO PAY 1  All the Company's telephones are available for  service day and night.  British Columbia Telephone Co.  limit*!  1  HEATING *onom.Utoft^iency���������  Our Business his Pc������ built up pv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer St. Sey. 661  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada'.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  " Frank Patrick, manager of the  Vancouver hockey team, president of the. P. G. H. L. and etc.,  has" joined the ranks of the benedicts and with his bride are sojourning at the Panama fair. Mr.  Patrick will be home1'in tjme for  the hockey hostilities, and "will assist materially in gathering the  players for the proposed Seattle,  team, as well as his own Vancouver team. I  There is a possibility, according to report, that Fred Taylor and Si Griffis will have charge  of the Seattle hockey team, this  winter. If this proves true, it  will be a serious bldw to the Vancouver team as these players'are  the absolute back-bone of the  champions. On the other hand,  however, it is a step up for them  and if the report be true the  Vancouver/friends of both Taylor and Griffis will wish them'all  the good luck possible in their  venture. Since the Pacific Coast  League was organized ., these  players have been associated with  the local dub, and their private  life is just as clean as their athletic life, which is a most commendable recommendation. Tay  lor and Griffis will be sadly missed on the Vancouver team, but  the fans will still have the pleasure of seeing them play for at  least one more season.  ��������� ���������   *  The football leagues are organizing for the season. There  are a good many of the players  who are off to the |front with  their regiments. Those who are  free to go have no business playing football at home. Their position is in the forward line on the  road to Berlin. * Others there are  who at the present time cannot  possibly be in the army. Their  duty is at home. The league  should be composed of men who  cannot enlist, otherwise there  should be no football. Let us  hope the MEN among the athletes will obey the cajl to the  colors this year instead of the  referee's whistle to a game of  football.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Frank Barrieau, the Vancouver  boxer, is going under the wing  of Harry PoUok, the manager of  Freddie Welsh. Barrieau has the  earmarks of.a champion and if  properly handled should make a  name for himself in the ranks of  boxing profession.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Sporjt lovers^ will find abundance of game along the lines of  the Pacific Great Eastern Raid  way, north of Squamish- Fish and  game of all kinds abounds there,  and with the coming of the open  season for game in the course of  a couple of weeks, large bags  are promised hunters who go  along this route in quest of  sport.  ���������     ���������     9  The Mt. Pleasant Presbytenans  won three out of five events in  the finals of the tennis tournament on Saturday last. Chalmers ehurch captured the other  two. On Saturday the winners  in the~ Vancouver Presbyterian  tennis tournament will go to New  Westminster to meet the winners  in the Presbyterian, tdurnament  in that place.  benefitted improperly from the  awarding or carrying out of contracts in connection with the war.  Canadian electors ������������������ should not  forget that greater scandals have  occurred in Great Britain during  the war than in Canada. The excessive profits made by manufacturers almost have caused ������������������*>- revolt among the workingmen of  England. It has resulted in the  government taking over the management- of. the large munition  plants. It will be seen, therefore, that the necessity of awarding contracts hurriedly makes it  almost impossible: to entirely prevent mercenary manufacturers  from securing unwarranted profits upon their work.  What the Borden government  has dofle is the best that any government could do. Immediate investigation, restitution and punishment of the guilty, is what  has been accomplished, and it is  the treatment that will be meted  out to all others. Canada has rea-*  son to be proud of its federal government.���������Sentinel.  ���������% ~~  WEST WILL TELL  -i_i_i_faSi__^^Xvf; X -X I  ������-._���������-.> ' j- * m    ������������������.. i a.   >* t > h t 4. *, ,  I  B*iB__________i_fe'X >-Vs  ;-,V .    I  The common argument is that  when Russia is disposed of the  Germans will turn their attention  to the British and French. But  this apparently means that Germany is willing to let England  have several months' breathing  space for the manufacture of  shells, expecting to counter  against allied ammunition with  German masses of men.  The truth is that men as well  as g>iUs counted in the Austro  German victories in Galicia. Behind the guns were the' winter-  1 rained troops^a.new army which  Germany had a choice of using  in the east or the west.       She  chose  Bussia  because  that was  the  weakest  line  of  resistance,  because the chances of a great  sweep were much brighter in Galicia  than  in  the  west,  and  a  great forward movement was necessary to stimulate public sentiment at home and shape neutral  sentiment in the Balkans. Against  the Allies in the west, guns or  no guns, Germany could not hope  for anything like a decisive   advance; and for the simple reason that in the west she had to  reckon with superior men���������both  in numbers and in fighting efficiency, Russia in Galicia was not  only outmunitioned, but outnumbered. She had against her from  southern Poland to Bukowina no  less than eight or nine German  and Austrian armies, at least a  million and a half, and to oppose  them she had less than a million.  TBE WAR CONTRACTS  Canadian history does not contain any better example of governmental integrity than that  which the Borden government  has displayed-in the investigation  of the war contracts.  Political friends as well as  political opponents have had exactly equal treatment. Conservatives have been read out of the  House of Commons; Conservative  contractors have been submitted  to the searchlight of the Royal  Commission, which shows an utter disregard for partisan considerations.  Sir Robert Borden has set a  new and higher standard in the  public life of Canada by his  treatment of all those who have  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay.  G. Momqr  886 House Phone: Bay. 1187L  Office Phone: ' < i  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON A MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rtanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters   . X  Painting, Paperhanging and fcusomtolng  Shop*. 1066 Dunsmuir St. V������wo������inr������r, B.C.  5    .' 4  i"A  WE MBAN tO DO IT  XXf TRB OOOIi OP 958 EVEMXQ  In the cool of tbe evening, when the  low, sweet whispers waken,  When the labourers turn them homeward, and the weary have their  will,  When  the censers of tbe roses  o'er  the forest-aisles are shaken,  Is it but the wind that cometh o'er  the far green hill?  -\  For they say 'tis but the sunset winds  that wander through tbe h������mther>  Rustle   all   tbe   meadow-grass   and  bend  the  dewy fern;  They say 'tis but the winds that blow  the reeds in prayer together,  And fill tbe shaken pools with fire  ' along the shadowy burns.  In the beauty of tbe twilight, in the  Garden that he loveth,  They have veiled his lovely vesture  with the darkness of a name!  Through his Garden, through his Garden,   it   is   but   the   wind   that  moveth,  No  more;  but O,  the  miracle, the  miracle's the same!  In the cool of the evening, when the  sky is an oldy story,  Slowly dying, but remembered, aye,  and loved with passion still,  Hush!���������the   fringes   of   his   garment,  in the fading golden glory,  Softly rustling, as he cometh o'er  the far green hill.  Alfred Noyes.  ~ Our young men are not failing  us in the field, and our -workmen  will not fail us in the factory.  We are not in a state of alarm  and discouragement because the  Germans have got to Warsaw; we  are not wringing our hands because temporarily there is a deadlock in the western area. We are  doing our utmost to make onr-.  selves as great a military power Westminster Gazette.  as we are a. naval power, .wid  though no other "nation haa eve*  accomplished that feat in tliahia-  tory of Europe, we mean to do it  Of course we make .mistakei;  and, of course, onr achievementi  fall short as yet of onr hopes  and expectations. But we aet no  limit to our effort except what If  enough* and we shall not weary  until in concert with onr tUiea  we have achieved onr purpose.���������  J  >  i 4^-q  ',     j-'a.L  4 If-       *  ������  ������*. jr*v f   ���������_  L       J      >   x      ii>^iS  AA  x>*.  'Vi'ot.1  e%fiH  5c a  loaf  st your  dote or  pbone  Fairmont  ���������44-  MITTER NOT  cd ee  totter  "tin  wrappwl  5C   JiOSf  Two ounce* more of ricjmew an4  qotjift^plui CJ*AW4N|SS   ���������a loaf of crisp, brown BUTTER NUT  BREAD in its protective wrapper; rich in  flavor; nutritious in food value.  BUTTERNUT BREAD  '      ''comes wrapped"  SHELLY BROS.  Also Bakeii of 4Z Bre*4  ^ailtiSrWear  Mad������  .ritiaK^  ColanvtizL'  There are a number of "reasons WHY you should purchase  LECKIE SHOES in preference to others. One good reason is that LECKIE SHOES are made in British Columbia  in a British Columbia institution by British Columbians.  Every'penny yon pay for LECKIE SHOES remains here  in British Columbia.   You  pay no duty.  Another reason is that you can not purchase a better  shoe on the market. Any man who wears a LECKIE will  testify   to   that.  At Leading Dealers Everywhere  A PASTORAL 8CTNE NEAR VANCOCVEB ��������� '">x - -^ rf  '1   ^  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, August 27, IffJS  XX  tl    V,   4  **?    ~~   '.  K*' /.   .'  .!  &   -.  X "  Ii"   "*  7.  r     -."f  LOCAL ITEMS OF IMIREST  VAT HASTINGS PARK AGAIN  - Owing to the cold weather set-,  ting in in the course of a few  weeks, it is possible that'the military camp at Vernon will be  somewhat demoralized some time  next month, and the-probability  is that some of the men will be  quartered at Hastings park again  this winter. We shall be glad to  have the soldier lads in the city  again, and no doubt they will be  glad to be; here.  CONVENTION   MEETINGS  - During the Prohibition convention now on several important  speakers will be heard, amongst  them Mrs. Nellie,.McClung, Rev.  Principal Lloyd and Rev. F. W.  Patterson. All three are among  the Dominion's best speakers on  the temperance problem. The  business sessions are. held in the  morning and afternoon in Hamilton Hall; and at the arena  rink in the evening, to which the  public is cordially invited to be  present.  FACTORY BURNED  THIEVES AT WORK  Thieves broke into the premises occupied by Mr. Trimble, at  the corner of Main and Broad-  claimed that for the same reason  ihe liquor traffic is . hated ��������� it  made war on non combatants,  the women and. children. The  great war showed that the weak  MT.   PLEASANT   Y.PJ3.C.E.  A well attended meeting of  the above society was held in the  schoolroom on Monday evening  last Mr. Lesher- and Miss K.  Black had charge of the meeting and gave very interesting  papers on ;the subject. Miss  Stoiy gave a piano solo of real  merit which was enjoyed by all.  A letter was'read from Mr. Norman Somerville, a member of the  society, who is now at the front  with the CanadianVf-orces.  Fanned by a westerly wind fire  destroyed a factory at the intersection of Glen Drive and 8th  avenue Tuesday morning, damage being to-the extent of about  $20,000, with very little insur-  ance. The destroyed factory was  occupied vby four concerns, which  include the -Winnipeg Casket  Company, the Cooder Canadian  Rust Proof Screen Company, the  Imperial Trunk Company and M,  Wright's wood' factory. Messrs,  Strong and Kennedy owned the  building.  The cause, of the fire, while  not definitely known, is suppos  ed to have originated in the wood  working factory, where it must  have been' smouldering for some  little time. The alarm was rung  in at 9.20, and although the fire  department was quickly on the  scene, the place was enveloped in flames on their arrival.  Five halls turned out and the  brigades confined themselves to  prevent the surrounding buildings from catching fire.*  Fireman McKechnie and Fireman Roy Broderick were both  injured, but not seriously.  ' Another Fire  Another fire took place on the  premises of. Mr* A. R. MeDougall, cor. 15th and Kingsway earlier the same morning. Mr., MeDougall discovered the fire early  in the morning in his back shop,  and called the brigade, which  soon had the flames under control. How this fire started Mr.  MeDougall is at a loss to know.  Slight damage to stock was the  result.- ������������������-"-���������  way,  during Sunday night,  and had rights even though they were  removed a number of hams, the unable to enforce them,  thief ha\ing  apparently an  eye     Mrs. McClung referred to the  to the needs of the coming win- measure of prohibition in Alber-  ter. Others entered the house of ta that would be law as a result  Chin Sun and took a quantity of  carpenter's tools  The teachers and officers of the  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian Sunday School Association ''had a  most enjoyable time on their annual picnic last Saturday to  Horse Shoe Bay, on Howe Sound.  About forty-five were present,  and but for the delay at the  North Vancouver terminus of^he  P. G. E. the party would have  been at the -picnic grounds earlier in the day. However, a  real good time was spent and  all returned home late in the  evening pleased with the day's  outing.  TAG DAY ON SATURDAY  of the recent voting. While the  sale of liquor in'that province  would be prohibited the manufacture of lqiuor could not be interfered with nor could anyone be  prevented" from sending outside  the province for a supply.  A memorial] .service to the  late. Captain Markham, of the  Seafortb Highlanders, word of  whose death reached - the city  this week, will be held at St.j,  Mary's church, 37th and Larch  street on Sunday at 3 p.m.  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL"  X    3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  All kinds of Mill Wood  Phone: Fair. 1554  Tag Day for the collection of  money in aid of British Columbia's general hospital 'for overseas service is to be held on Saturday, and arrangements are now  completed for the day's campaign. No one will have a,  fighting chance to escape the  hospital ladies, for they will be  on every corner almost in the  city, and no one should try to  ?et past them. If you have a  dime pass it on, if you have a  copper drop it in.   If you have  J. Trainer, 166 17th' avenue  west, met with a painful accident yesterday in a collision  between two autos at the corner  of ^Beatty and Georgia streets.  Trainer was a passenger in one  of the machines and was pitched out on the ground. He suffered a fractured leg. and was  taken   to   the   general   hospital.  THE TERRIBLE TORPEDO  At the torpedo's head is an explosive chamber, which holds  damp gun-cotton. This is fired by  means of a rod which, on contact with the walls of a ship, is  up<  driven in u_>on a detonator. This  fires a primer, which in turn exr  pven a tango ticket it will help, plodes the gun-cotton,  Mount Pleasant Shoe Repair Shop  BEST SHOE REPAIRING ON THE "HILL."  Three Months' Guarantee on Work Done on Ladies' or Men's  Shoes.  Work Done While You Wait.  Rubber Heels Put on in Ten Minutes.  2488 Wain Stmt, Next, to Leo Building  but give, give, give. Our boys  are fighting for us at the front,  a cold/ severe winter wiU place  many of vthem in need of the  very things tag day means to  bring to them.' It is our business  so let us help all we can.  MRS. NELLIE) McCLUNG  ADDRESSES LARGE CROWD  Your ac[- here will bring you results.  11 Quarts for $1-00  Guaranteed above tbe     All our milk cornea from  standard, m Butter fat.      tuberculin tested cows.  It any Person can prove tbat our mills  is not pure in every way, we wiU cheerfully donate $50.00 to any charitable  institution in tbe city.  Delivered to your Home Daily  HIUXREST DAIRY  Pbone: Fair. 1934  131 15th Avenue W.  Before an audience that filled  every available seat in the Or-  pheum theatre, Mrs. Nellie McClung, the'well known Canadian  authoress, of Edmonton, delivered an address on "Canadian  Ideals" last Sunday night in  which she made -an urgent appeal "to her hearers to further  the cause of prohibition in British Columbia. RevXI. W. Williamson presided, and Seated on  the platform were many prominent citizens.  Mrs. McClung, who is well  known in the west through her  writings and the part she played in the recent political campaign in Manitoba and the prohibition campaign in Alberta, was  warmly received. She illustrated  her address with word pictures  of incidents that had come under  her notice during many years of  active life in western Canada.  She declared herself as an out  and out prohibitionist, but cautioned her hearers fco be satisfied  with any measure of prohibition  that could be obtained.  Mr. Williamson, in his opening remarks, intimated that the  ^prohibitionists- would pass judgment on Sir Richard McBride's  promise of a referendum at the  convention to be held this week.  Until then, he said, any opinion  expressed .would be an individual opinion and not one in any  way  committing prohibionists.  Mrs. McClung, in announcing  her subject, said that every country has its own characteristics.  What will Canadians be known  as in the years to come among  the nations of. the world? she  risked, and declared that there  was no harm in. discussing what  Canadians would like to be.  Canada should be known as the  tend of & fair deal, and it was  for fair play for'the women and  children that Mrs. McClung made  her appeal more directly to the  wjnn'en to fight for the abolition  of'- the liquor traffic By this  means the men who are slackers  miprht be trough* to realize* their  duty to the women and children.  Why the German Kaiser is hated  is because he made war on non-  combatants,    and    the    speaker  The next chamber stores compressed air to the pressure of  2,000 pounds to,the sq. inch. This  is practically the boiler-room of  the torpedo, for it supplies the  motive power to the four-cylinder engine which drives it  through the water on its errand  of destruction.  Next comes the wonderful gyroscopic control of the air-motor by which the rudders are adjusted. This is where the intricate mechanism of the torpedo is  so cjearly demonstrated. Should  it rise or dip in the water this  gyroscope actuates a motor which  in turn operates rods related with  the rudders, and at once readjusts any deflection from the  pourae originally set.  The motor mentioned is but a  few inches in length, yet -the  power it' exerts by means of  compressed air is such that the  pressure of half an ounce operated by the steering gear pro-  dues a pull of 160 pounds on the  rudders!  This terrible fish's tail holds  wheel gearing for the driving of  two propellors and the manipulating of the rudders. The propellers revolve in opposite directions, thereby preventing the torpedo describing-a circle.  f ��������� ' *-       -i X ���������  South Vancouver, Notice!  NEW FEED STORE OPENED  With a Complete Supply of POUX.TEY SUPPUBS, BAT, QBAUT,  CHOP, ETC. \ V  V  Vernon Feed Co.  4MB AND 7BA8BB  (���������Branch from Mt. Pleasant)  WB 8TAFD FOB QUALITY, 8HBVIOB   AM)   LOW   PBI0B8  THE "B^OGRAPH"  OF GREAT BRITAIN  You Can Save Money  By Using  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  Eight AA 25 Cents  THIS IS HOW n\ WORKS OUT  .   32 Rides on Tour Saving on  TangoTickets   '" $1 Investment  32 Rides at  a 5 cent fare  $1.60 $1.00 60c  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B. C. ELECTRIC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  Good (without transfer) on any B. C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from & a.m. until midnight.  SOUTH VANCOUVER  STARTS TRUNK SEWER  it  ������������������v>  ARTILLERY PRACTICE  The New York Evening Post,  Under the caption above noted,  gives the following interesting resume in _ a __recent jnumber .regarding the German Bockade of  Britain: "It is now almost exactly six months since the German admiralty proclaimed its  submarine "blockade" of Great  Britain, and announced that  "every hostile merchantman . .  will be destroyed." What are  the net results of military value.  One great aim of the campaign  was to cut off supplies from England���������especially foodstuffs. Without imported food, England  would starve. Thus the English  threat of starving out Germany  was to be restored. Yet during  the first five months of. submarine  activity . in British waters, the  official figures of imports show  that 100,000 tons more of foodstuffs were received in England  than during the corresponding  five months of 1914. This does  not look as if the .German plan  of reducing England by starvation were succeeding any better than the British scheme to  leave Germany with only half  enough food to live on. As for  the actual destruction of British  shipping���������virtually all- of it insured, by the way, so that the  owners lost nothing���������it is variously estimated, but is surely  less than one per cent, of the  vessels actually coming and going through the war zone. Lloyd's  Register has recently issued the  quarterly returns of new ships���������.  leaving out men-of-war under  construction in British yards at  the end of June. The total is 1,-  500,000 tons. The tonnage of the  ships sunk by the Germans is a  little over 200,000. Thus the British mercantile marine is not exactly disappearing. In fact, despite, the submarines, the year has  been one of large profits for  shipowners." :  Sewerage construction has been  commenced by South Vancouver  to connect with the trunk sewers  laid by the Vancouver and District Joint Sewerage and Drainage Board.  Work is being commenced on  16th Avenue, near Ontario St.,  on the day labor system, instead  of by contract, and the council  has $.300,000 in hand with which  to proceed with the work of linking .up tbe thickly-populated  areas adjacent to Vancouver  with the main trunk sewers.  A sewerage by-law was passed last, January for .$400,000, but  failing to sell tbe debentures the  council issued three-year 6 per  cent, treasury certificates to the  value of $320,000. These certificates were later sold to Messrs.  Spitzer, Boriek & Co.,, ot Toledo,  Ohio, and netted the sum of  about $306,000 to the municipality, all of. which has been received.  Only a few men have been  started, but it is hoped to put on  a -large- gang shortly:- Hundreds  of men assembled at the municipal "hall, and the officials were  kept busy recording the .names  and addresses of the men, who  must have resided, in South Vancouver for at least three 'months  before they are considered eli  gible for employment.  CHEAP  FUEL  f j  At Hanbury's  Special Prices until August  15, delivered:  Slabs ������k7&  Edgings    ..ftlK)  Inside Ffr M*  Riln-dried Kindling \ .g.W  Bark ..,, few  South Wellington Lump  Coal,_per ton f(MW  South Wellington Nut  Coal, per ton 10.00  J. Hanbury *h Co. M,  Cor. Fourth und Granville-  Bay. *076 and *077  "Rook-keening and Shorthand  -���������- ���������wadVeiwy" ���������  Taught  rapidly snd  efficiently by  James Black, Certified Teacher ot  Commercial Subjects  Phone: pair. 1630L. or write 828  15th Ave. West  Tefms   on   Application.      Private  instruction by arrangement.  CHAS. CHAPLIN'S DELIGHT  "Nutty   Rat  Nice"  A delicious combination of pure, velvet Ice Cream, Chopped Nuts and,  Fruits,  15  cents.  THAT NEW STORE  ,167 Broadway E. Lee Building Near Mala  Boxes sad Tables for the Ladles  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 84-8 '  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  HiaB^t.'CiP^'j  ;p.->v;* "varsfa? ������������������������'  BBBBBflBBBBBBBBl


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