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The Western Call Aug 6, 1915

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 \xft.  Bedding  Flowers,  Plants.  Plants���������Ont  Decorative  Floral Designs and  Sprays,   etc.    Phone  your order.    .  Keeler'  s   Nursery  Phone,  15th  Fair., 817  and Main*  X   4SJ .  ^        .v II  '-'      ������.r*-l  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and "the Western People  ~z#t. 3. Kearney  k*������"    J  U. Mclntine  Funeral Director-  T. J. Kearney & Co.  Funeral   Directors  -   and  Embalmtrs.  At Yonr Service Day  and Night. Moderate  -    Charges.  802 Broadway West  Pnone: Fair. 1098  wf^4m  I VOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER. BRITISH  COLUMBIA,    FRIDAY, AUGUST 6, 1915'  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 13.  NEVER SAW A SALOON  THERE ARE half a million boys and girls in  .     Kansas who never saw a saloon, remarked  Governor, Capper of that state, at the Panama-;  Pacific ~4Exposition.' His speech was  delivered  in the Kansas building at the celebration^ of  Kansas day.  "If it is good to live in Kansas it is because  the people of Kansas made it so," said Governor  Capper. "Kansas people have never dodged a  difficulty nor refused to face an issue. Kansas  is now a good place in which to live, largely  because thirty years ago we dared to make the  I open saloon an outlaw because we were not  afraid to attack a curse as ancient as human  history and put it from us forever. I am immensely proud of the fact that Kansas has half  a million boys and girls who never saw an open  saloon.  "And now that national prohibition, and  world-wide prohibition are coming just as surely  as to-morrow's sunrise, Kansas has done, is doing and will do more to bring this great blessing about than any other state."  LIFE IN DEATH AT KRUPP'S  A WRITER in the Gaulois, describing the Krupp  works in war time, says:  To construct the 16 in. gun a special plant is  necessary. The formidable equipment of the  works is but a thin <shell for the hatching of  such monsters. Fifty-ton masses of steel are surrounded by a brasier which keeps them simmering. Then elephantine cranes catch up the  blocks and roll along with them on rails through  the City of Fire to the hammers. You can imagine these instruments in operation." The reverberations a^e such that it seems as if all Essen  is being.bombarded by howitzers.  Essen has long been accustomed to the noise  of munitions in the making. It well remembers  the manufacture* of the famous 14.5 guns for  Wilhelmshaven, and the cannon of this war have  been more colossal still/and .the wonder is that  human, nerve even of the giants who are building them can endure the thunder.  At the tolling shops of Solingen the masses  of steel are retailed by the pound*. There the  sabres and bayonets are tempered. But it is not  .the men employed in casting operations that are  the most to be pitied. It is the pyrotechny factory which is the real inferno upon earth. The  army of chemists, artisans, makers of shells, of  incendiary powder���������all these dispensers of death  Xrare literally devoured by the atmosphere of  the workshops, in which the acids vaporize a  more subtle fire, the artificial fire of men. The  air of the munitions factories is, as it were, a  cancer that fastens on to 'each individual, eating  him minute by minute, organ by organ, and only  relaxing? its grip when he is dead. Truly a place  where all hope must be abandoned! There the  men-no longer seem made of flesh and blood and  muscle. They remain nerves and intelligence���������  the deadly reactions fight for their possession,  and their spirit alone carries them through to  ���������he end of their task. ,  Some of these men are no longer able to rp-  tain any food;   They are shadows.   They work  ^bw all thexsamexnot realizing-theif- condition;  V"After the war we will take a rest," they say,  ' allured by the system of bonuses.   To these no  coffee is served out, but barrels of milk several  times a day, as an antidote to the poison they  have absorbed.   Medical specialists patch up the  most exhausted by'means of special hypodermic  injections.     Chemistry kills them and chemistry keeps them alive.  X:- ,.  ���������   .-  X ��������� ��������� . ��������� ,N  HYPHENATEP NEUTRAWTY  THE FOLLOWING EDITORIAL fromjhe Saturday F.vening Post,  one  of the  most Conservative journals in the United States, and  referring, we take it, to German-Americans, is  qxiito into resting:  So far as we are able to understand those  on a a)' fellow-citizens who insist on a hyphen,  their idea is that Uncle Sam* should take no, part  whatever in the war except to tie England's  hands behind her. The United States having  performed that neutral office, they would have it  stand finite aloof an dobserve the ensuing homicide with an impartial mind.  Great Britain has spent much effort in building a navy, w;hich was not designed for ornamental purposes, but specifically to dominate the  sea in \tfar. Present ability to import war munitions from neutral countries is the natural  fruit of that preparation, exactly as driving  the Russians out of Galicia was the fruit of Germany's preparations on tend. But hyphenated  neutrality wants this country to take away the'  advantage a supreme navy gives.    _  The navy is England's special weapon, as  the army is Germany's. Asking the United  States to blunt England's weapon is a peculiar  expression of neutrality. The only theory that  would justify it is that Germany ought to fix  the terms on which her adversaries shall fierht.  A suggestion that Germany, instead of taking  advantage of superior preparations on land,  should politely dismiss a third of her army and  scrap her big guns, would have,.about the same  standings in, a neutral mind as the notion that  the- allies should not take due advantage of their  superior preparations at sea."  MOUNT PLEASANT  PBEBBYTSBIAN  CHUUCH  NEW PASTOR INDUCTED INJO MT. PLEASANT  REV. A. E. MITCHELL, B. A., OFFICIALLY v TAKES CHARGE 0? MOUNT  PU3ASANT PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH- FIRST SERMONS SUNDAY  THE VANISHING AMERICAN SAGE  After almost a yeajr without a  settled pastor Mount Pleasant  Presbyterian church last night  celebrated the coining of their  new pilot in the person of Rev.  A. E. Mitchell, of Prince Albert,  Saskatchewan.  The induction ceremonies took  place in the well known church,  cor. 10th avenue and Quebec  street, at 7.30, the services being  conducted by Rev: J."H. Milter,  of Cedar Cottage, Moderator of  the Presbytery of Westminster.  Rev. Matthew H. Wilson, the recently inducted minister of Ker-  risdale Presbyterian church,  preached the sermon, and  gave a splendid address,' full of  truths and ideals, v' Rev. Dr. G.  C. Pidgeon, of Westminster Hall,  a^dressedVthe iriinister, ^mpHiisizP  ing the work from jthe pastor's  standpoint, and holding out the  ever-present offer of divine help  in the work. Rev. J. S. Henderson, interim moderator of the congregation, addressed the people,  and exhorted them to band themselves together in christian work,  to uphold the hands of their new  pastor, to live clean lives, and to  go out into the world as strong  virile men and women seeking  the advancement of all that pertains to the Kingdom of God.  Nearly one thousand people attended the "ceremony, and at the  close of the induction a reception  was tendered the new pastor and  his -wife.  Felicitous addresses were delivered by lie v. R. J. Douglas, Moderator of the Synod of British  Columbia, Rev. J. H. Miller, Moderator of the Presbytery of Westminster, Rev. John Mackay, D.D.,  principal-Qf Westminster Hall,  Rev. A. F. Baker, of Mt. Pleasant  Baptist church, and Rev. Dr. W.  J. Sipprell, of Mount Pleasant  Methodist church. All these addresses were filled to overflowing  with words of welcome and encouragement, and Mount Pleasant  Presbyterian church enters into  the new union under most happy  auspices, and the future activities of. this important unit in the  Presbyterian church will be followed with wide-spread interest.  Rev. Mr. Mitchell was born in  the township of Markham, York  county, Ontario, and received his  early education in Markham high  school. He later attended  Knox College, Toronto, and  graduated from there~ after a  bright university career. His first  charge,was   at  "Waterloo,   Ont.,  and after" a year or two there  spent^nine years.^.-pastor: ofv St.  John's Presbyterian church at Al������i  monte, Ontario. From there he  went to Ottawa after ithe great  fire in the capital some years ago  and took charge of Erskine  church. This pastorate was exceedingly fruitful and after- five  years Mr. Mitchell accepted a  call to Knox church, Hamilton,  where he labored with conspicuous success for four years. The  call of the west -came over the  wires and Prince Albert, Sask.,  were successful in bringing him  to the prairie country. Here,  again, success followed his efforts and a large and influential  congregation was built up in the  course of three years of exceedingly,, pleasant pastoraL work. -^  Mr., Mitchell. decided to come  to Mount Pleasant's urgent call  only after very serious consideration. Mount Pleasant people were  obliged to seek his services twice  before he finally consented to  come and last evening's ceremony is only the beginning of  what is confidently expected will  be exceedingly bright future days  for this church and congregation.  Mount Pleasant Presbyterian, is  one of the most outstanding  fields within the province of the  Presbyterian church in Canada.  Under the able ministry of Rev.  John W. Woodside, who last fall  removed to Chalmers church, Toronto, this congregation has prospered in many ways. " In the  early days they held forth on the  corner of Broadway  and Main,  ,  ,'  ' '   ,s  f  - \'< *  -  f  JStrtmwitm  MnHfe''.  "**'������i  ,  ���������>V**T���������  t'  , ' ^ - -" .  if    .*  -  f  WM*'' '  i j. s*> -  ***  +vw  /  ilpx  x x> - "-  WmWmm,  r*\  1 '        -���������  trnpurm^.i.  ^4\W' m    '  , %  , /,  *���������     :  ���������tXX  '/?W_ x W j j      j  _' t3p               >  X'   % '  <���������  ''���������*  /   ������        f  %  wkr- '-  ���������*  JOMWl*W*\\  wm^ ' ���������:,<,.���������'  J  <    j  ^hm.\ ^^**\  rAjk&^'v ���������'  ;   ,   S  _x        *  ,     ______________________.'' s  "���������������   *  r te\w\  , _______________________���������_____��������� A  j-  m%e\wen1m\^n\  EEV. A. E. MITCHELL, B. A.  but with the coming of the boom  times in Vancouver a large'and,  influential congregation was bnilt  up and the splendid church property on ,the corner of Quebec  street and 10th avenue was acquired. The present membership enrolment xs 1000, with an  exceedingly large adherent attendance. The Sunday School  is the largest in the province in  the Presbyterian denomination,  and the Young People V Societies  are among the most active in the  city. Mount Pleasant Presbyterr  ian stands for ail that is solid  and substantial in religious life,  and the prospects are indeed  bright under Mr. Mitcfiell 's pastorate. Mr. Mitchell's record is  almost without parallel in the  .Iifj3_._oiJfce_^  and large things are expected in  the life and growth of his new  pastoral charge in the days to  come.  Presentation to moderator  Among the many pleasant features of the induction and reception ceremonies last evening was  the presentation of a purse of  gold by the congregation to the  interim moderator, Rev. J. S.  Henderson. The presentation was  made at the conclusion of the  oratorical reception and previous  to the social hour held in the athletic rooms of- the church. Mr.  John Ridington, congregational  secretary made the presentation,  and the following felicitous remarks:  The exercises of to-day, now  approaching completion, meke  this a memorable���������indeed, it may  prove to be even a momentous-���������  day in the history of this church.  We know that it marks the close  of months of doubt, anxiety and  uncertainty. We hope and believe  that it marks the beginning of a  new era in the history of Mt.  Pleasant church���������an era distinguished at once by higher idealism and by more efficient w'ork,  by fuller consecration, deeper devotion, greater power, and by  wider and more intensified human service  Something like a year ago the  skipper of the good ship "Mt.  Pleasant'" was promoted to a  craft of greater tonnage, one of  the fine fleet, the home port of  which is Toronto. When Captain  Woodside left the "Mt. Pleasant" his place was taken by you,  Mr. chairman, as Acting-Captain.  We knew you were an able and  (Continued on Page 5)   .  THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE in a recent editorial  by Henry Smith Williams, MJX, LL. D., for- .  merly Medical Superintendent of Randall's  Island Hospital, New York City, Editor of "The  Historians' History of the World," has the following to say under the above caption:  The census returns show that for every thousand individuals of the population, 351 are either  of foreign birth, or the children of foreign-born  parents; ahd that 107 per 1,000 are negroes.  As to the remaining 538 who are native-bom and  of native parents, it would be a high estimate  to assume that half are the descendants of the '.  4,000,000 colonists of 1790, unmixed with the  blood of the. 9,000,000 immigrants that joined'  their company prior to 1880.  We may fairly compute that in an average  100 individuals of our present day population,  there are no more than 27 of pure colonial stocky (  as against 27 whose ancestors came to America  not more than two: generations ago, 35 who are  aliens or of. foreign-born parentage and 11 ne-'"  grbes.  If we were to confine attention to the northeastern section of'-.the. United .'States, the home of  the original colonists, .the record wonld be even .  more thought-provocative. We should learn, for  example, that in 1910 the population of Boston  comprised only 28.5 per cent, of native whites of  native parentage, as against 35.9 per cent, of  foreign-born, and 38.3 of individuals having foreign-born or mixed parentage.  Many of the industrial centres of Massachus-   ,  ets show an even more startling record.     Thus  Fall River has onlyv 13.3 per cent, of native  whites off native parentage. X  In Massachusetts, as a whole, there are 117,-  000 Russians,  89,000  Italians, 30,000 Germans,  26,000 Portugese*. J6,000 Turks, 11,000 Greeks,  10,000 Finns.   In a single recent year 100,000  immigrants have come to Massachusetts.     Two  persons out of three in the whole-state are either.,  foreign-born or the-children of foreign-born par- N  ents.- In one town of less than 7,000 people,   ���������.  there arV r������>r������8ent^tiyes  of 21- different- ratrx  tionalities who "speak as many  different Ian-  guages.  As further illustrating the changed charac- ���������  ter of the American race in the centres of popu- '  lation, we may note that the native whites of  . native parentage number only 19.3 per cent, of  the total population of New York city, and only  14.8 per cent, of the population of Manhattan  Borough. Chicago is not much better off, having only 20,4 per cent.; of native whites of  native parentage.    >���������������������������  Moreover, this new stock is enormously prolific, whereas the old colonial stock has become  alarmingly fecund.   Had the 27,000,000 Americans whdiwere here in 1860 maintained the family traditions of their parents and grandparents,  "their descendants would have numbered 104,000,-  000 in the year 1910, without taking stock of  immigrants; whereas in point of fact the total  population of the United States in 1910 was only  92,000.000, . even  though 23,000,000  immigrants  had come in the meantime and proved themselves far more prolific than the natives.  _As_to:jth.e_Jatter__pointt it^appearsCaccording =^  to the census records of 1910) that the total  white population in America increased in the  decade 1900-1910 by 22.3 per cent. But only 14  per cent. of. this was natural increase of the native white population; whereas the increase of  the foreign-born was 30.7 per cent. In the state  of New,, York, the number of immigrants who  make permanent settlement each year exceeds the  number of babies born.  Obviously our race is being transformed very  rapidly indeed���������more rapidly in all probability,  thaii any race was ever transformed before, arid  it would be a peculiarly resourceful disputant  who'-would bring forward convincing evidence  that the race is being bettered as well as  changed.  If our racial development should continue  for the ensuing half century as it has in the past  half century, the population of the United States  in the year 1960 will number 276,000,000, but  250,000,00 of these will be of alien heritage within three generations, outnumbering the members  of the colonial race almost 10 to 1.  a The question is often asked: How we can as-  ^ similate the va'st coteries of immigrants of many-  races? The answer is simply: We do not and  cannot assimilate them. But it would appear  that they are in a fair way to assimilate us within a few generations.  The annual expenditure of the people of the  United States for certain purposes is as follows:  Liquor and tobacco,  $3,200,000,000  Jewelry  800,000,000  Automobiles    k  500,000,000  Soft drinks and candy   ...... 45,000,000  Insurance against fires, etc... 600,000,000  Insurance against war���������  (Army and Navy)  250,000,000  An appeal issued in London on July 7th by  the French Relief Society shows that 400,000  French soldiers had been killed up to June 1st,  700,000 wounded arid 300,000 taken prisoners by  the Germans. THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, August 6, 1915.  It is an interesting exercise in  illustrated history to compare  with the numerouSgWar pictures  now going the roujras the very  much fewer pictures of the wars  of a hundred years ago. There  is an almost inconceivable difference between them, suggesting  in many ways the great strides  man has made within a single  century in skill and daring. For  alhough we may well wish that  the world had learned in that  time to be done with war, we  cannot but admire the scientific genius that has produced the  machinery used in modern warfare.  , The fighting ships of to-day, as  compared with those of ancient  times, arc very near the limit of  contrast. The galley-boats of the  Romans, the ships of the Spanish Armada, or the British war  vessels of King Charles' time,  .were like floating toys in comparison with Britain's super-  drcadnaughts now in action. But  even the warships of only a hundred years ago do not stand the  comparison very much better.  That wonder of engineering and  science, the mammoth battleship  that !we see in the pictures today, is a creation of very recent  times. In few other.ways is the  change of a hundred years better shown.  There were, to begin with, no  steamships in those days, and  that fact alone will account for  the    chief -  differences   iri    the  war vessels. Instead of massive  ironbuilt craft, driven by the  most powerful engines that have  yet been made, these century-ago  ships were of wood, and were  driven by the wind, that is to  say they were sailing ships. A  full-rigged war vessel then carried a tremendous spread of canvas, so that the most conspicuous part was always that above  deck. When a fleet of these vessels got together the effect was  very pleasing, from a marine artist's, point of view, but its naval fighting value would be seriously discounted to-day. There  is among the historic records an  old print of a naval engagement  in the war of 1812, showing some  of the old-time battleships in action. It is as different from the  sea fighting of to-day as could  well be;" and suggests rather a  fleet of merchant sailing vessels  under full canvas. To have manoeuvred such craft about, as the  sudden emergencies of the conflict required, must have meant  expert seamanship on the part of  the crews.  The equipment of these sailing  warships was. as unlike that of  the modern dreadnaughts as were  the ships themselves. There were  none of the ingenious devices  that to-day are regarded as indispensable, and none of the clever  agencies of destruction that our  warships now carry as auxiliaries  to their guns. Everything depended then upon the  effectiveness  Rennie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta Grain and Feed Store  1547 Main Street  \ Our Specialty  Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables  Free pity  Delivery  Phone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver, R. C.  yyt^.  HORSESHOE BAY, WHYTECLITFE, ON THE LINE OF THE P. O. E. RAILWAY  WOOD  PQ.MJWON WPOJ) YAM)  *':',:-��������� "  "SFWiAJ. "     '  3 Load* of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  All loads of Will Wood  Pbone: Fair.4564  PRANP  CflrEEAJ������.uSHl^^  OjATlttNa  MANWAOTTJREP W VAWOUVER  ' \-i''yy./^--^:;/'/j'. /  JVUCJUY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods made at Home, and get both tbe  Goods and the Money."  The Pioneer Meat Market  Proprietor, Frank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It Is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  Weekly Prises Given Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  of the gunfire. A well-equipped  ship carried as many as fifty or  more guns, some of which were  thrust through its broadsides and  some on deck. The smaller ships  had sometimes only ten or twenty guns, however, and it very often happened that only two or  three guns on a ship could be  used at a time, because they were  so mounted that they could not  give the angle - of fire desired.  The largest and? best of them  would make a poor showing beside our monster weapons of today. Such guns as the new Queen  Elizabeth carries, for instance,  would have shaken one of the  century-ago ships to pieces under  fire, even if they could haye been  got aboard. Nevertheless, the  old-time fighting vessels did some  excellent markmanship and played their part in the history of  the time.  We have recently. been celebrating, with fitting thankfulness, the anniversary of the happy settlement of the war of 1812,  and are prepared to forget many  of its events and fighting details,  but gor the sake of illustrating  the ships a reference again to  one particular event may be allowed. An old print shows how  thie harbor of Halifax looked  when the British Shannon took  the captured American Chesa  peake into that port, after a fight  at sea off Boston. Both these ships  were of the class called frigates,  and -they carried three hundred  and thirty and three htmdred and  seventy-nine men respectively; In  comparison with what is going on  now in European waters, this  picture is very interesting.  Another typical warship of the  British fleet was the Royal George  which in the same war did service on the Great lakes, though  from then������������������till now a warship has  not been allowed on those waters.  The amount of canvas that one of  these vessels was enormous.  They were slow and cumbersome craft, according to to-day's  standards. Even when steam  came into use, the first steam  vessel to cross the Atlantic, in  ty days from New York to Iiiver-  pqol. But there was a grace and  beauty about the sail-driven warships that the largest and best  of our^ great fighting ships today, with all their strength and  power and speed cannot equal.  The life on board of them, too, in  the whole naval service of. the  day, engendered a spirit of bold  adventure that, while it developed great sailors and admirals,  sometimes found vent in reckless  swaggering and piracy. What is  more, the authorities seemed to  recognize and encourage this spirit, and when they were in need  of more recruits they did not hesitate to paint highly-colored pic-,  tures of the life at sea. In the  spring of 1813 an official notice  was posted in Halifax, then, as  now, an important naval and military centre, which read as follows:  "WHAT SHOULD SAILORS  DO ON SHORE while King,  Country and Fortune point to the  Ownn! His Majesty's Schooner,  PICTOU, of twelve guns, commanded by Lieutenant Stephens,  as fine a. vessel of her size as  ever floated on salt water, wanks  a few jolly, spirited fellows to  complete her complement for a  short cruise, who may all fairly  pxnect to dash in Coaches on  their return, as well as other  folks. Apply on board, at the  Naw Yard."  This might be called romantic  advertising, and one would like  to know how effective it was.  Yet there is not, perhaps, as  "reat a difference on this score  between then and now as in the  shins and their equipment; for  only a month or two ago there  was displayed at various points  in England a recruiting poster  that represented the British Government as "arranging a trip to  Germany in the spring for a few  sportsmen," with "all hotel expenses and railroad fares paid,"  and "cheap trips up the Rhine."  Times change, and machines  change, but human nature, in  its fighting, and its joking, remains very much the same.  ON THE PACIFIC GREAT  EASTERN RAILWAY  As a scenic trip, the forty-  minute ride on the Pacific Great  Eastern Railway between North  Vancouver and Whytecliff is  unique even in this country of  amazing scenes. Leaving North  Vancouver, an unobstructed view  is obtained of Burrard Inlet and  the waterfront of Vancouver  city. Then skirting the water's  edge First Narrows are passed,  and the passenger enjoys a  ''close-up" picture of. Stanley  Park, followed by English Bay,  with Point Grey in the distance.  From sea level at Dundarave  there is a gradual rise; and one  is carried through much that is  beautiful in forest and ravine,  until* at Caulfeild and for some  distance beyond the views of the  Gulf of Georgia and near and distant lands are unsurpassed from  any other point. The elevation of  the track in this section also reveals numerous cunningly hidden coves and tiny islands of  great beauty, which the traveller by steamboat would never  discover.  A few minutes' walk from  Whytecliff station is Horseshoe  Bay, the gem set into Whytecliff  townsite, comprising over 1,200  acres of natural, grandeur God-  built in horseshoe design around  the rippling waters, only divided by a. generous fringe of enticing beach.  The beach and extensive nark  grounds are free and open to'  the public and are provided with ]  many conveniences, such as bath  house, refreshment pavilion, also  a large assembly hall, arrang-  .Mvto..M^BtiUzeoLwith or^jwith-?  out a roof and serviceable for  innumerable  purposes.  Large and small tables provided with seats are set among the  park trees for the use of. picnickers, etc. There are swings for  kiddies and shady nooks for those  a little older.  Fresh spring water is piped  from the mountains right to the  beach and picnic grounds.  ^ All varieties of boats are for  hire at a reasonable charge. The  mouth of the bay has long been,  famous for sea-trout fishing.  These and many other features  make Horseshoe Bay the place par  excellence for picnics and similar  gatherings as well as the individual desiring to spend a pleasant  day.  During their stay at the coast  the Australian cadets will go into  camp at Whytecliffe in the second week in September.  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and  Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.    v  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  Campbell-Gordon Co., Limited  XX' LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe aiid  Pipe Fittings.    v  Railway track Tools and White Waste  Concretemixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942. 1210 XRower .Street  less imaginative than it was a  hundred years ago? Are we willing to make the sacrifices our  fathers did? Then let us be up  and doing.  The supreme struggle of our  age is proceeding. The last great  war on behalf of liberty and  against military autocracy is being fought. Canadians must rise  to the height of their responsibility and. Canada must be organized as thoroughly and as efficiently as any other part of that  empire on which the sun never  sets.���������Canadian Courier. X  "HOVGB. ON BATS" clears out  rats, mice, etc. Don't die in the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. ..''.. t.f.  .     Ottawa, Canada  >&JNOt*,'ft; OTJTKEH  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioner*  Mr. Clive Pringle V a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  ^WfwWMv  LET US BE UP AND DOING  This war will not be over this  year.   It may not end next year.  England stood alone in the world  against Napoleon,  and England  Avon because she had a Pitt and  a Nelson and a "Wellington, who  had faith in England. Napoleon  tried to crush her carrying trade  and her World-empire. Prom 1796  to   1815,   England   fought   and  fought     and    fought.      Copen-,  hagen  in 1801,  Trafalgar 1805,!  Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, Corunna  1809,    Torres    Vedras    1810-11,  Bada,ios   1812,  Moscow   1812-13,  Vitoria   1813,   "Waterloo   1815���������;  these   .are   the   chief   milestones'  -which  ?nark  tho .nineteen, year  struggle    against    Napoleon.    Is  the   British   Empire   less   virile,  Yon Can Save Money  By Using  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  Eight Zes 25 Cents  THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  32 Rides on  TangoTickets  $1.00  Your Saving on  $1 Investment  60c  32 Rides at  a 5 cent fare  $1.60  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B. C. ELECTRIC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  Good (without transfer) on any B. C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. until midnight.  <<  Q. B." Means    Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  "Q.B." Means   Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. AB." Means "Made in B. C."  by White Help.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd. ''  XX  Friday, August 6, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  l*  NOTES BY THE WAY  By W. A. Ellis  -5/  Before I came to Canada I was  always told that "One man was  as good as another over there."  I have been here only three years  but I have been here long enough  to) find out that the statement  was far from being true.  The man who stands out from  amongst the servile parly followers upholds his principles and does  I his duty to Empire, according to  his own lights is regarded with  suspicion by the party hacks.  Wherever you look you can  find square pegs in round holes.  Ability counts for nothing. Politics, patronage, servility to party,  these things spell success at all  times.  There was once a good time in  this city, and the party had  plenty to offer to its followers;  and the followers were satisfied.  Bad times, alas, have made their  appearance and sour faces and  general grumbling is the first  thing that strikes one on entering wqrd meetings. This is a  great pity. It is impossible to give  something from nothing. It shows  the evil of. the patronage system. Do away with this and  give men work on their merits  and then you will* find the true  patriot* be he Conservative or  Liberal.  ���������   ������������������,-���������'  The counsel for the defense  (Hon. W. J. Bowser) for two  hours and a half held the jury  fixed when he slaughtered the  "Crisis" the other evening.  Whilst hundreds of good Conservatives who work hard for the  party could not obtain a ticket,  over four hundred, ladies, whose  proper place was at home looking after the kiddies, were to be  observed just there out of idle  curiosity, and for the purpose of  chewing gum. Two ladies in a  box never gave their jaws a rest  the whole evening. It reminded  me of .well, if they knew  what it reminded me of they  would chew it only after meals,  if indeed, it is necessary then to  do so.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Is the Kaiser Mad?  "At Grodno the Kaiser entered a Jewish synagogue and announced that he was the Messiah."���������Daily Province, July 30.  Just how startled those poor  Jewish peasants must have been  to hear this human butcher announce that he of all men should  have anything to do with God I  do not know, but it reminds me  of a story told me by /the surgeon of H.M.S. Australia, who  was guardship off Osborne House,  Isle of Wight, in 1898.  The Kaiser was over on a visit  in his fine yacht the Hohenzol-  lern, and his yacht the Meteor  was defeated by H. R. H. the  Frince of Wales (King Edward's)  II Quarts fot- Mm  Guaranteed above the  standard in Butter fat.  All our milk comes from  tuberculin tested cows.  Ii any Person cau prove that our milfc  is not pure in every way, we will cheerfully donate $50.00 to any charitable  institution in the city.  Delivered to your Home Paily  Phone: Fair. XQH  IZX 15th Avenue W.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  Brittania for the cup: At that  time the feeling of friendship  was much greater between British and German officers, and men  than later, and my friend, Doctor  ���������, told me that one of the  officers had told him" that one  morning in the middle ��������� watch  Wilhelm of Germany appeared  on the bridge of the Hohenzollern  dressed in full bishop's rohes���������  and after majestically pacing the  bridge without a word for about  ten minutes he disappeared below. '  I think this story was also  told in " Truth "a year or so after by the late Henry Labouchere.  ��������� Surely it would seem by this  that the machinery of the figurehead of this ' brutal Antichrist  was greatly but of order or that  he, perhaps, had been on a German beer bout and was only suffering from what the cockney  cabbie calls "The rats."  ���������   ���������   ���������  If you find two clever men  p].aying the game of bluff together it is always interesting. They  are both convinced that each  other is a "bluff" and so they  play and act accordingly.  Exactly the case with the  United States and Germany: It  remains to be seen who is going  to stop "bluff" and get down to  business. The Germans appear to  be sending a few more American  citizens to the bottom of the sea,  and in the meanwhile the, United  States makes no reply and sends  a note to Great Britain protesting against the interference with  merchandise bound for Germany.  No, Uncle Sam, we are not  playing the game of "bluff" by  the blockade of Germany we are  preventing the murderers of our  own men, women and children, as  well as your own from prolonging this war.  :  *   ���������������������������"������������������������������������...  If those men who are always  hinting that things are not just  what they should be in this province were to openly say what  they know, or think they know,  I think it Would be much better  for their fellow citizens. If. there  is anything wrong it is of no use  hiding it. Call a spade a spade,  and if your house needs cleaning clean it yourself before the  other party cleans it for you. This  could have been done in Manitoba if those in the know had  taken the "bull by the horns."  And please remember that being  a  "Grit",  (the  rev.   gentleman  once told me he had no party)  does not make the Bey. A. J3.  Cooke any the worse Orangeman  even if he has been led away by  Moses. I do not want to repeat  what Dr. Patterson said the other  evening at the half yearly meeting, but I do repeat this:     If  there is any cleaning to do, do  it yourselves.  'We all hope that Mr; H. H.  Stevens will get a little rest with  his family in camp. When I visit the offices of this paper in the  morning .as I often do,. I am re-  minded of the pantimime^ crush  at Drury Lane theatre.  # *   ���������  The finest stage manager in  Vancouver is undoubtedly Felix  Penne-���������programmes out of the  question���������when you get near him  ready or no ready on you go���������  and if someone else has not arrived, never mind, on you go  again.     No chance for a B���������-���������  ursilL  ��������� ���������   ������������������  The Greatest Murderer in History  That Becker deserved his fate  there are not many of us will  deny, but somewhere in the world  today there is a man who has the  distinction of being the world's  greatest murderer. That man is  the commander of. the submarine  which sank the Lusitania.  To ordinary minds it is almost  impossible to conceive the state  of that murderer. To do so one  must reconstruct his crime.  " ^Imagine him waiting hour after hour in, his vessel off the  Irish coast, the determination al-,  ways in his mind to commit the  world's greatest murder. Do not  forget that this man knew quite  well that he was about to attack (without warning) some 2,-  000 innocent persons. He was  fully conscious that aboard the  Lusitania were hundreds of women and children, many of them  of a nation who were at peace  with his own. In the moments  immediately preceding that instant when he ordered the firing  of the torpedo all those things  must have been clear to him, and  as he gaye no warning it was his  intention to slay every soul on  ���������the incoming liner.  This man who of deliberate intent sought to kill nearly 2,000  innocent people, skilfully brought  his boat -as near the doomed liner  as he dared, and then without a  word of warning he gave the  command. The torpedo was discharged, and then a second followed it to make the filthy deed  perfect, ami then through the  periscope he watched the result  of his action. He saw the giant  ship heel over. He saw the rush  from her decks to the boats, he  saw most probably the struggling  victims in the water; he saw men,  women and children hurled to  death. As* I sit here I wonder  what are the man's thoughts today^ His explanation���������there  can be no excuse���������will be that  he was acting under orders. He  will say that it is his duty to  'obey blindly the commands of  the Emperor arid Von Tirpitz.  In other days the world called  men who obeyed such commands  hy ugly names. Villains employed thein, but even they felt shame  at contact with- such beasts.  These sort of people told of in  history were outcasts. Will this  man be an outcast amongst his  own people?  No. He was feted and rewarded by his savage employers. The  bells of the churches rang in Berlin. The Emperor conferred the  Iron Cross upon him. Great God,  how can the world think of peace  with human swine such as these  in our midst f  But how will his family greet  him, J wonder. His wife if he  has one his children his mother,  will they honor this red handed  murderer ./'.-. He was not alto  gether successful; 700 of his  would-be victifns escaped him  He only slew 1200. But I wonder  does he feel proud of his work  and his masters? ,HHs .name  stands out in letters of blood  red; when we get it we must  never forget it, for surely the  commander of the TJ-39 is the  greatest murderer the world has  ever known and please God ever  will know.  Jos. H. Bowman  , j  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street  Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: North Vancouver 103  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  SHIP BUILDERS-SCOWS-REPAIRS  MARINE RAILWAY  North Vancouver, B. C.  some people who question whether the present is an appropriate time to discuss them. And  yet, when we enquire deep  enough, it seems as if no time  could be more appropriate for  those to give attention to them  who are unable to assist the  cause of the Empire in a more  direct way. Problems which have  arisen since the war commenced  have shown us the vital importance of public health and of the  efficiency of human labour. Who  can measure the enormous debt  which the British army to-day  owes to the public health legislation of the past 40 years f That  the standard of physique has  been raised by improved sanitation and housing is without question.. The value of this on the  battlefield has been seen in recent  months. In our workshops and  Bad housing and sanitary conditions have contributed to the loss  of tens of thousands of young  lives in, Canada alone whieh  might haye been saved to the  Empire if we had paid,more regard to public health requirements.  The errors or rather deficiencies of. the past should be our  inspiration for the future. Healthier conditions pf life in our cities are needed now to aid us in  finishing this war; they are needed more to build up reservoirs of  strength for the future. Then,  too. the men who are sacrificing  themselves at the front will have  to be replaced, and large gaps  will have to be filled. To prevent  avoidable disease and death is  to contribute to the source <_ of  PTWU0 HBAJ.TB  ANP THE WAR  Under the above caption Conservation of Life published at Ottawa has the following to say,  which ought to prove of great  value to this city:.  The minds of most men are  centered at the present time on  the problems connected with the  devastating war in Europe. The  supreme task which confronts  the British Empire, and Canada  as an important part of the Empire, requires the concentration  of all the thought and energy  that can be given to its accomplishment. It is a difficult time,  therefore, to arouse interest in  social problems which are in need  of solution.   Indeed,  there    are  that real strength of the Empire  which to-day is undergoing iti  factories   physical   and, mental supreme test,  efficiency   are   needed   as   they.    j,_ regard to finance, the WW  were never before, and what has js affecting our whole political X'  a*,A m.,n;A;n������i _* . i\ _. X-  been accomplished by the past  generation in purifying our water  supplies, in making city life  healthier and cleaner, and in educating our workmen is now yielding abundant harvest. In some  directions we might have been  better equipped than we are. In  spite of  the  progress  we   have  made we might have paid more  regard to health and to conser-  and municipal structure through- ,  out Canada. We need to conserve;, ,  our national resources, to encour- X  age production, to reduce waste  and unhealthy speculation. To  accomplish these tasks successfully we must plan for the future,  so that our towns may produce  healthy citizens and be ready to  face times of stress and storm as  vation of life than we have done. I well as times of prosperity.  THE STOVE THAT HELPS YOU HIJKRY  WITH a NEW PERFECTION Oil Cookstove  you don't have to wait for the fire to come up.  Just scratch a match-the NEW PERFECTION  lights instantly, like a gas stove. Your meal is prepared  and on the table in no time.  A NEW PERFECTION in your kitchen means cool, comfortable cooking: 4ill summer. Made in 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner sizes.  At hardware and department stores everywhere. If your dealer  cannot supply you, write us direct.  ROYALITBOIL  CIVBS XfV 1  Oil  BEST RESULTS  1CW  'NOW SERVING  2,000,000  HOMES"  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  BRANCHES IN /������s.    ALL CITIES  8%  Made in  Canada  CAMPING SCENES AT WHYTECIJFFE ON HORSESHOE BAY, P. Gr. E. RAILWAY  LAWN   SEED  FERTILIZES  SEED OATS  Early Eoso Seed Potatoes  Grace Darling Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Reliance Seed Potatoes  FT. VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT FEED STORE  255 BROADWAY EAST Two Phones: Pair 186 and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Chick Food for Beet Remits THE WESTERN GALL  Friday, August 6, 1915.  H.  H.  STEVENS,  M. P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL_CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  THE STAGE OF  STUBBORN ENDURANCE  FROM A FIRE  RANGER'S DIARY  WAR'S EFFECT ON DRINK TRADE  THE LATEST INFORMATION availahle to the  British Government as to the measures which  have been taken in other'countries with regard to the sale of intoxicating liquors since the  outbreak of war is contained in a White Paper,  which was issued recently.  Here is a summary of the contents:  Austria-Hungary���������Hours of sale have been  limited on ordinary days to between 9 a.m. and  5 p.m., and on Sundays and holidays all shops in  which liquors only are sold are closed.  Denmark���������-More or less absolute prohibition  of the sale of aleoholic liquors to soldiers in sixteen police districts, and in some districts this  applies tb civilians.Use of potatoes and various  kinds of corn in the manufacture of alcohol is  forbidden. ������ "  France���������Sale of absinthe forbidden. ,   -  Germany���������Sale of spirits forbidden to soldiers of all ranks in uniform in Berlin and in  the province of Brandenberg, Limitations on  output of breweries and distilleries. Bill in preparation to enable prohibition of sale of spirits.  Holland���������Earlier closing in certain districts.  Norway*���������Use .of grain and potatoes* restricted in manufacturing of spirits or beer. Spirits  sold only on four days a week.  Russia���������All wine shops, beer saloons, and  government vodka shops closed at beginning of  mdbilization, and sale of all intoxicants prohibited, except in first-class hotels and restaurants,  until completion of mobilization. This order, with  modifications, remains in force. Sale of beer  and wine in Petrograd restricted to forty-nine  hotels and restaurants. Light red and white  wine and champagne may be sold by wine merchants between 10. a.m. and fi p.m., except on  Saturdays and, the eve of festivals, -when hours  are 10 a.m. to"2 p.m. Sale of all intoxicants forbidden on Sundays and feast days. Liquor in the\  hotels and restaurants supplied only with meals.  In other countries few or no measures have  been taken.  WITH GERMAN BANKERS bearing to the Kaiser the news of impending bankruptcy, with  ' every man available for active service or for  less strenuous attendance on the fighters called  both at home and abroad, with the. sadness of  the German capital breaking down the officially  ordered gaiety and unconcern, with obvious ef-v  fort to turn United States' demands into intervention, it is apparent that this gigantic outrage  on civilization is passing into the endurance  stage. The most ambitious scheme of spoliation  in the world's history is a failure. The design  of national criminality planned even to the detail of wholesale poisoning, coldly including murder, outrage, and the revolting denial of all  claims of civilized humanity, has been frustrated.  The expectation of national plunder is abandoned  and the guilty designer has no hope except,to  mitigate the retribution he deserves. That trust  or confidence by the nations can ever be restored  is regarded as a vain hope. That the nations  will ever again leave themselves exposed to the  possibility of a repetition of the nefarious plot  cannot be expected. With possessions lost in  Southwest Africa, with Kaio Chau and the Pacific Islands gone, with a shocked world aroused  and determined, there can be no hope even in  the mind of an ambitious visionary for more  than a chance to gain tolerance by restitution.  Terms of restitution are all that can be hoped  for from the desperate stubbornness of this  phase of the war.���������Toronto Globe. '���������  A Woodsman Who Preaches on  Fore.st Protection After Church  Service ��������� Fighting the Big  Blaze. X  ABOUT AIMING HIGH  ���������PAJWQfTBJJ  xpTfOT^NG MACHINE  LET .THE aWORKJNG MAN see himself as a  part of the fighting machine of the nation,  and he wjll havea clear understanding of the  sacrifice asked of him. The state has no private interest to serve in calling upon him to  make that sacrifice���������small in comparison with  that, which bis brothers^ are nia'k&g in the firing  line���������and he has the assurance that when the  needs of the state have been met and victory has  crowned our sacrifices he will resume without  prejudice the rights he has won in the past and  which Jhe hastemporarily surrendered to-thejcalL  of the country X  MOST MEN ARE WILLING to aim high. They  think that their aiming device is just about  perfect and they point it at a sky that seems  to present a fair target. Any star they choose  may be sighted and kept in line and the natural  course is to choose the biggest.  But the trouble is that when it comes to hitting the mark most of us are short of sufficient  ammunition to carry our projectile to its objective., We were not bothered with poor eyesight,  when it. came to finding ^our target. We may  have looked beyond the first galaxy into spheres  that were beyond the vision of most', but first  of all we should have secured a charge of  powder.  ��������� -. - It' is quite easy to acquire a little powderT  "Anyone can secure enough to shoot his bullet at  the star that is made for grocery, drivers or day  laborers. Many of us can strike the star that  opens the Wjay to a slow, level progress to some  post of dry routine, and there is none of us that  need fall short of the planet that hands out the  jobs for office boys.  NThe thing is that we should learn to hit our,  office boy star over and over again until we;  know that we can call it our own, and have- a j  conviction that we are ready for something  better, fKen we may find it not difficult to  achieve a higher grade. But all the time we  should find powder of tlie right strength and  shot of the right size to bring our bird down.  If we aim high in the first place we are apt to  find that it took many years of arduous labor  before anyone was able to score a Inillseye at the  long range.; ���������-'���������" ,a,: ���������"'  X In a word it all amounts to education as to  whia^the future may hold in store for us. We  should make a study of everything we go in for  . and master its details even though it means a  steady, thankless course of years at the grindr  stone.; We are too quick to reach for the-final  reward, attd we are too little inspired to win at  all costs, drudgery for the sake of victory being  a mark of greatness.'  These thoughts come as the tragedy'of the  boy who grasped at a few dollars because he was  XisicklofVschboL'^is broughtinto viewueach day.  ���������London Advertiser.  The courageous calibre of  many of the fire rangers employed in the Canadian woods has  been given frequent and well deserved testimony. The healthy,  strenuous life, isolated from 'civilization,' continually demanding  vigilance and resourcefulness has  been the picturesque mark of  much Canadian fiction, and not  a little poetry.  Here, however, are some real  pages borrowed from a real ranger's report. A more enthusiastic  champion of the rights of the  forest can scarce be imagined:  "Spent Sunday in conversing  with church-goers on the Divine  plan of Forestry for the proper  usage of man, pointing out that  the Creator made all things for  a good purpose and for the proper use of mankind. Upholding  the Forest as being one of the  handiworks of the Almighty, and  that ail should look upon and  venerate same.as sacred in future.  ��������� ��������� ���������   ���������  "Monday. Weather cool. Route  travelled, north wards, by canoe.  Very good green timber in parts,  for all purposes and should be  well protected.- May be most of  the mileage of to-day's travel  is in the bounds of the Indian  Reserve; if so, they have all the  timber they require for the next  generation if. not attacked by fire,  However, as most of the. country  is interlaced with creeks and waterways in abundance, forming  islands innumerable, some parts  will always escape the danger of  fires.  \   ',-..''     ���������������������������",.  "Tuesday.���������On the southeast  shore I noticed the ravages of  fires, may be ten years ago. The  bush is all dry, with a new growth  of saplings and will 50 years,  hence be serviceable for the use  of humanity if protected carefully. As the wind was blowing  a strong gale we were1 unable to  travel any farther than five miles  owing to the force of the elements against muscular compulsion. ������������������'';.   ��������� JAiiM,  ��������� ������������������   ��������� '���������  Anbher day.���������"On close observation of natural growth on these  islands it makes me feel ashamed of mankind * in thoughtlessly  being the chief cause of forest  destruction. In walking through  this island it made me feel like  going through a sacred sanctuary.  The  Fair  y  AUGUST 13th to 21st  :; .     \ . ....... .-���������...., ���������..:.  ��������� i --,... :       ..      : ���������    ,   ���������       '  .��������� ��������� ���������   ���������''" X; ���������l-x '"   -  x --'������������������',. v..��������� rxx-,xv   .;'���������  x /_,.!'  X ..:���������/. "'   7*       X X :   VX -.  Entries  Close August  1st  Prize Lists are Now Ready  $50,000 IN PRIZES  Tenders for various concessions are now  being received.  424 PACIFIC BLDG.  like rain, we'will await the arrival of all the hunters and will  go 'en masse' on Monday to put  out the fire. In the meantime all  parties will be preparing themselves with proper equipment.  MONET WINS  'EadE-  i'P'  ji*.-.-.  t w.h  -���������I-:,- '***$  . . X*r*  ���������&*f%M  ^W.V   X  I   X  "Having been wind bound for  so long'-wfe were in good trim  for a good paddle and this we  did with a vengeance as we made  about 50 miles to-day.  ��������� i   ��������� x"  "Having received a verbal  message from our Chief Ranger  stating that he wanted to meet  me at ���������, J made haste to connect with him. We travelled for  about .fifteen hours and camped  on two small islands, being too  dark to travel farther. We camped with Rev. Mr.  and his  two men, talking chiefly Fire!  ��������� ���������'.'���������������������������  "'A fire! Look! Look!' was  the first notification of huge columns of black smoke by the residents of . On looking in  the direction, alas! it was too  true! A huge bush fire was raging. Who did it? The fire ranger will have to look after it or  we will all be burned out of the  settlement. Besides, the fearful  destruction it will cause to the  country! Overhearing these different remarks, I will (D.V.) proceed towards these fires to-morrow.  "I examined the country minutely. Found out where the fire  started from and also found out  that the fire made by the bear  trappers had been put out to a  certain extent but not altogether.  It was not totally through carelessness as I could see that they  tried to put it out by pouring wat-  ���������T over their fireplace before  1 paying it. It was owing to a delusion on, the hunters' part who  took it for granted that they had  put out the fire. This fire will  now have to. be put out when it  gets to waterways; that will  ierifee it in. "  - and I-������������������, two Indians, prosecuted for being the  cause of this fire. As Ithey proved themselves guilty and as they  tried to put out their camp fire  by water���������it, however, having  proved a baffling delusion on  their part���������I fined them $20 and  for each to help put out tjie fire  at their own expense, reprimanding them severely for their careless methods.  ���������   ������������������.'���������'  "Most of our men arrived. today from trapping and we now  have a complement of thirty-two  able-bodied men and avfew; more  to arrive yet. All are now preparing food, raiment and implements  for fire extinguishing purposes.  As I know the country well where  this fire is, I am waiting until  it arrives near some lakes where  it is possible it can be put out  without much help.  "Myself and assistant fire ranger started at 6 a.m. with 45 men  all equipped with axes, spades,  coal oil cans and other cans,  also old clothes and bags- for  fighting fire. Got the help of a  horse and car for taking 15 canoes over the1 four-mile tramway.  We arrived at the extreme end  of the lake and camped on a  small island where we could get  a good view of the raging fire.  As this will be the first experience of these men in the art of  quenching fire I gave them ad-  viee to the best of my wits'���������and  retired  to  bed.  A WOODLAND TBAIL NEAB VANCOUVER  'Reached-  ��������� settlement and  asked all parties to help"*- put  out this disastrous fire, if at all  possible. Most of our residents  being away bear hunting at this  particular date, and as it looks  'As soon as all hands had dinner I at once superintended the  back burning of a grass swamp,  {nutting out the back line of the  fire as we made progress. And  after all hands working hard we  managed to gain a fire belt of  about three miles. In the thick  bushes we cut down the trees  and with spades, hoes, etc., cleared the, sod for ten feet as a fire  guard.  "From 1st day of June to 5th  we managed to finish a fire guard  12 miles long running almost  east and west. By fire guard I  mean a scraping of all dead kindling matter right to the gravel  lied, besides felling an outline of  trees, 20-foot clearing space, and  back-firing every inch of 12 milek  along the fire guard.  Some Days Later  "As this fire has cost the government a big sum I am pleased  to say it will save a big piece of  timber now that it has been disposed of in good shape."  The ranger closes his diary With  a stanza bidding adieu to the  bush fire and trusting that he  may never meet it again.  After years of confinement to  an insane asylum, the monotony  of which confinement was varied  by long judicial proceedings before the courts, Thaw is free. His  money .has won out. The Thaw  millions have proved that clever  men can find enough technicalities in the law, and eloquent  men plead so emotionally before  juries that justice is helpless. The  Thaw lawyers first fought to  prove that the slaying of White  was not murder because there  was enough incentive for justification. The jury failed to agree.  Then the lawyers tried -to proye  that Thaw was not guilty because he had acted under the  ungoverried impulses of insanity. .;,,  With this plea, the jury concur- /  red, but to the disappointment of  the lawyers, determined that the  insanity might be recurrent and  their client, therefore, should he  incarcerated in an asylum. Since  then there have been many trials  in which Thaw and his lawyers  attempted to prove that what- '  ever he might have been at the  time" the'deed was committed, he  was since then sane. In this they  met with a number of failures, v  but having been finally successful. His last jury, according to X.  the testimony of the foreman. X  came to the conclusion not only  that Thaw was sane, but" that be  never had been insane, and that  he had a right to kill White.  This-declaration-by the^foreman,-V  which has been printed in all the  papers, will, together with the .;..  release ofr Thaw, lead other men  who get into such marital difll- V  culties as Thaw was confronted  with to kill those causing them, v  and will make it very hard for  the courts to convict. The whole  ends in the direction of what  in the Southern States has been  called the "unwritten law," and  accepted there by juries as of  the same force as the written  law. Even in the north, General Dan. Sickles recently died  an honored member of society after having back before the Civil  War slain his wife's betrayer. It  is a maxim of law that for every  injury there is a remedy. It  is certainly essential to the public well-being that for every injury there should be a remedy.  Here, however, it is generally  confessed that law affords no remedy and the public, as represented by this^ajpy, openly condones  a reversion to pure barbarism-  ���������Montreal Witness.  That is a good book which is  i. onened with expectation and  : I closed   with -profit���������Alcott.  A MESSAGE FROM AFRICA  In a letter just received by  an Ottawa friend from Mr. A. E.  Gower, district Forest Oflicer of  the Union of South Africa, sta-  tionedA at Fort Cunynghame,  Toise, River, the following paragraph appears: x  "The 'vim' that is -apparent  in yonr Dominion in all matters pertaining to Forestry, protective and utilitarian, is much  appreciated by other forest officers far removed from the centres we read of, and one can but  hope that South --Africa will, at  a not too distant date also have  her illustrated journal."  H-. Friday/ August 6, 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  The B.C. Consumers' League  and Fifty Vancouver Retailers Offer  53 Prizes  For Patriotic Work  Three are cash prizes of $25.00, $15.00 and  $10.00. Each of the remaining fifty prizes is  an order on a leading retailer for merchandise  to the value of $5.00.  The prizes will be awarded for'obtaining members for the British Columbia 'Consumers'  League.  There is no fee or charge of any kind connected  with becoming a member. Practically everybody you ask will.be glad to/join the League,  because all that is required is to sign a ca^rd  agreeing to give the preference in buying (price  and quality bein^ equal) to the products, first,  of British Columbia; second, Canada; third,  the British Empire. You will find the pledge  card at the bottqm of this space.  Over one thousand of the cards have already  been signed, but the directors of the league  are determined to obtain, within the next two  ��������� -.   ��������� ���������   '��������� - o.  ..  months A  5000  Competition Will Start Jiily 8  It Will Close September 15tb  With so many prizes, you will have an excellent  opportunity to win one of them. Besides having a fine chance to win a prize, you will be doing a work most important to the progress, and  welfare of this city and province. \ Call; at the  office of the League (or write if you live out  of town) for pledge cards, rules of the cam-  petjtion and full information.   Then  Prosperity  The pledge card ia as follows:  -.������������������������.��������� -V VV':.'    x  Realizing the'importance of promoting the Industrial and agricultural progress of British Columbia and the Empire, I hereby ask to be Enrolled,  as a member of the pritish Columbia Consumers  League, agreeing to advance the objects of the  League by giving the preference in purchasing  (price and quality being equal, first, to the products of British' Columbia; second, of Canada;  third, of the British Empire.  Name  Address  ��������� ������������������������������������������������������*���������<*.������������������������<  Come in or write today, or as soon as you can,  for cards and full -information. The" above  coupon, signed and brought or mailed to the  office, will be regarded- asy a regular pledge  card. i  183 PEOT)ER STREET WEST  (INDUSTRIAL BUREAU BUILDING)  PHONE SEY. 4242.        VANCOUVER, B. C.  THE CRISIS IN B. C.  The Attorney-General's meeting in the Orpheum Theatre was  unique in many ways. The meeting was called to give the At-  ���������*torney-General an opportunity "to  defend himself and the government from grave charges brought  against them in the pamphlet entitled as above.  * The pamphlet was published by  the "Ministerial Union of the  Lower Fraser Valley." \'\ %  Many have confused this highly sounding titled Union with  The Ministerial Association of  Vancouver, or of the lower mainland.  This is altogether an error. The  Mimsterial ^Association had no  connection whatever with the  pamphlet. Had they been associated with the matter the pamphlet would not have been printed or circulated in their name or  otherwise if the decision in any  way lay with them.  The Union appears to haye been  formed for the purpose of publishing the pamphlet.  The form of the attack made  it possible to answer it in detail. This 4s the1 best and the  tybrst of that form of political  controversy. The written word  stands and can be nailed down.  It was nailed down at the attorney-general's meeting.  There was not time, of course,  to go through all the "rigmarole"  of \ the pamphlet item by item,  but as much, as could be covered  in two hours and a half of rapid  work was thoroughly covered. In  the pamphlet there were found  so many mis-statements, partial  statements so' given as to convey  false impressions, even though  there might be partial truths set  forth, and upon these mis-statements and partial statements  here were founded so many false  conclusions, that it was* made  clearly to appear that the whole*  documenjL was a vicious production to which no honorable man  should have signed his name.  There is this excuse made for  the parties who signed the1 document as the authors thereof,  that .they were misled by the real  author.  Weil, in the first place, it is' would be no mutiny on board  a bad thing for a minister to set ^yhile you were skipper. We im-  his name to a literary production Mediately set ^ out in search  as th,c author who is writing the 0f a captain and finally  results of his own researches,' rigged as !# "prairie schooner"  while in fact the matter is but We put into Prince Albert, and  Cut this out, sign it, and get your friends to sign it, and, return it to the Call..  X  TO THE WESTERN CALL: ^    ^  Please enroll my name as a member of the Property Ownaro'yLeague, and proceed with  the organization as speedily as possible.  Signature  Residence  V  1  ���������  X  i                                         ������.  i *-  Occupation  s  port ant matters, if not wholly  untrue how can he escape in his  own; mind and in the mind of  others the condemnation contained in a terse Anglo-Saxon  word of four letters.  Whatever there may bo of fragmentary truth there is in this  pamphlet much of false statement, that we are bf the opinion that there can be ne ccurse  open to the pseudo authors but  to disavow the thing and to offer manly apology for having lent  their names to such an absurd  ooncoctionX  The government is not perfect.  There are many things which can  be questioned as to wisdom, and  as to success in administration  and legislation. Where these  things are so it will be well for  Wil that there shall be criticisjn  'and opposition. But let it be criticism of real arid oiot imaginary  facts.  Vancouver Exhibition from August . 13th to August 21st.  represents but. few large dona- a social time was spent in Hie  tions, but many small ones, re  presenting self-sacrifice and self-  denial as well as self-devotion.  Every coin in thiB purse is, like  you, sterling; and every coin is  like your character���������it bears the  seal and impress, the image and  superscription of the King. On  behalf of the congregation I now  present it to you, with our best  wishes and affection, and with  our highest esteem for you as  moderator, minister and man.  At the close of the induction  basement of the church.  Rev.  Mr.  Mitchell  opens  his  pastorate in Mt. Pleasant church  on Sunday, August 8th, and will  preach at both services.  Vancouver Exhibition from August 13th to August 21st.  Switzerland's new factory law  fixes the fifty-nine hour week as  the maximum for labor.  NEW PASTOR INDUCTED  INTO MOUNT PLEASANT  - (Continued from Page 1)  experienced navigator. The crew  was confident that you would  bring us safely into port, that  you wouldn't pile the bones of  our good ship on the shoals of  disappointment. We knew   there I  1    __aa.l   J] lb A. WK ��������� VMllil-tV* AW* V_S<k������_-������^  "Quit howling for  the flag if yon prefer imported to  home-made goods."  ���������-The Daily Pro-'  cince, July 28.  It would be the  height of folly as  well as selfish and  unpatriotic for us  to say:  Practical Patriotism  as Practised by  Prudent Persons  the plagerised work of another.  If this is common with such minister,  then he  is  but  a parrot  after looking him over and\ examining his.certificates, we've signed on with Captain Mitchell. You,  voice delivering the message of -, _#_������.  Chairman,  acting  as  pilot,  another but  claiming it as his haye steered him alongside, and  the crew has sized him up and  we are satisfied to sail with Cap  own.   A bad practice indeed.  Then it is a bad thing for a  man to attack another^br a party  of others, if he does not of his; cares to command us. We 've now  own knowledge know that that heard our new captain's commis-  tairi ^fitchell for as long as he  person or party is guilty of the  specific things he accjuses him or  them. It is a poor" excuse to say  that if they were not guilty of  these things they were of others  just as bad. Such an attack, wlien  -exposedV-reacts-upon-therhead of Uve-expeet-to be-the inostsuccess  the party making them without ful and prosperous voyage of its  fail, and goes far to cover the! career. The new captain is on the  party     attacked     from     being bridge, the crew at their quarters  sion read, and the sailing instruc  tions to both captain and crew  given by admiralty officials of  high rank and degree, and now  the good ship "Mt. Pleasant" is  ready for sea���������ready fer what  brought to book for bther matters if there be bther matters fbr  yhich they are answerable.  Further, it is a bad thing for  a man of truth and honor to put  his name to charges which he  does not know! personally to be  true. For in case the charges turn  out to be untrue, then howshall  he escape condemnation as a man  guilty of untruth and of slander.  V*rhen a man says a thing as of  his own knowledge and lends the  weight of his name to support  the accusation it is not enough  to clear him of the charge of  falsehood to say that he did not  know bat believed things to be  so. He ��������� made himself responsible  to know. He made his statements  as one having knowledge. The  statements proving to be in im-  USE ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR  because it is made in British Columbia and its industry  gives daily, support to over a hundred British Columbia  workmen and their families, if this were our only claim.  But this fine family flour, made from the pick of Manitoba's great wheat crop, is Superior to the Other Flours  of Foreign. Manufacture. We say so because jwe ourselves  bave tested it from every possible baking standpoint in  comparison with these other foreign flours. And we ask  you to test it at our expense.  ORDER A SACK OP ROYAL  STANDARD FLOU& TODAY  Use it as you would the flour to which you haye been accustomed. If it does not give results far superior���������if you  are in any way dissatisfied���������your dealer will refund you  the full purchase price.  Vancouver Milling & Grain Co. limited  Vancouver      Victoria      New Westminster      Nanaimo  But before the captain throws  over the signal lever to "Full  Speed .Ahead!" he comes to the  end of the bridge, and the crew  crowd to the rail to give, a farewell hail to you, sir, the trusty  and skilful old pilot, as you go  over-side. We want you to; know  how much we appreciate you as  a seaman and a man, an officer  and a gentleman. Long may it be  ere the "Mt. Pleasant" -will again  need an acting-captain pr pilot,  biit if ever we do, you will receive the appointment from the  whole crew.  The crew has made up a little  purse as an expression 'of their  appreciation of you and your  seamanship. I would ask you to  judge its contents by their quality rather than by quantity. It  A Safe Investment���������BONDS  "No safer form of investment can be suggested than Canadian  Government and Municipal Debentures.   Their record is unique in tbat  Our list of bond offerings, 5 per cent, to 7 per cent, yield, and foil  practically no default has ever taken place in their payment."  particulars, furnished upon application by mail or telephone. Enquiries  invited. '    CEPERLET, ROUNSEFELL ft CO., LIMITED  Established   1886  Molsonfs Rank Building. 543 Bastings St. Wert  Investments. Loans. Insurance  Custom Shoe Repairing  P. PARIS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE CO.  BEST SHOE REPAIRING IN THE CTY  Work Done While You Wait  Work Called for and Delivered  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' and any Kind of Special Shoes Made  to Order   ':    V    v  HASTINGS STREET W.   Next Columbia Theatre  VANCOUVER,   B.   C.  64  Phone:  Seymour  1770.  VANCOUVER EXHIBITION  Bf*  mm  ^>"5-,,.  '   y . ���������- >  ;.-^r  ': &.  <  V.    ���������  ���������         ._". -A,Ti  '//  J                -        ������  * _s^~<*  Race Track in Front of Grand Stand  WALK APPROACHING ENTRANCE TO GRAND STAND  * 6  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday,. August 6, 1915.  HOME TABLE HTKTS  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued editors  of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States-  The Western Call feels fortunate in being able to offer to the Vancouver ladies that  which is purchased at a high price" by such dailies there.  These Cards have been especially written for the Call.  Saturday, August 7th  Though April his temples may wreathe with the vine,  Its tendrils in infancy curl'd,  'Tis the ardour of August matures us the wine,  Whose life-blood enlivens the world.  ���������Sir Walter Scott.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. Crumb Griddle Cakes with Fruit. Rolls. Coffee.  Dinner���������Veal Cutlets. Horseradish Sauce.  Riced Potatoes. Buttered Beans. Lettuce and  Radish Salad- Charlotte Russe. Coffee.  Supper���������Macaroni Baked with Tomatoes and  Cheese. Rye Biscuits. Stewed Prunes. Loaf Cake.  Tea.  Crumb Griddle Cakes  Pour one quart of hot milk over one pint of  dry bread crumbs and let stand until cold. Add  three well beaten eggs, one teaspoonful of salt,  one tablespoonful each of melted butter and  molasses and one-half cupful of flour mixed and  sifted with one-half teaspoonful of baking powder. Beat thoroughly and bake on a soapstone  griddle.  ������������������������������������'*:. ���������"' ���������'���������-..  Sunday, August 9th  So link thy ways to those of God, ,  So follow firm the heavenly laws,  That stars may greet thee,, warrior-browed,  And storm-sped angels hail thy cause!  Breakfast���������Blackberries. Cereal with Cream.  Eggs Baked in Peppers. Buttered Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Bouillon. Fricasseed Chicken. Potato Puffs. Spinach.* Corn Fritters. Maple Sauce.  Frozen Peach Cream. Wafers. Coffee,  Lunch���������Stuffed Cucumber Salad. Finger  Rolls. Berries. Cake. Tea.  Frozen Peach Cream  Beat three eggs until light, add three cupfuls  of sugar, a dash of salt and one pint of hot  milk and stir over boiling water until the custard coats the spoon. Chill, add one pint of  heavy cream and three cupfuls of pealed and  finely cut ripe peaches and freeze in the usual  manuer.  Monday, August 9th  'Tis sweet to linger in the mellow grass  Beside, the margin of a lisping stream  And watch the clouds in white flotillas pass,  While nature slumbers in a fragrant dream.  ���������Richard Kendall Himkittrick.  Breakfast���������Sliced Bananas. Crisped Bacon.  Fried Hominy. Warmed Rolls..Coffee.  Dinner���������Rice Soup. Chicken Croquettes.  White Sauce. Saratoga Potatoes. Carrots with  peas. Peach Cobbler. Coffee.  Su^i^Peviled JJggs. Radish Roses. Raspberry Shortcake. Tea. x  Chicken Croquettes  Cook one teaspoonful of finely chopped onion  in three tablespoonfuls of butter, blend in one-  quarter of a cupful of flour, add gradually one  cupful of chicken stock and stir and cook until  smooth. Season with one teaspoonful of salt, one-  quarter of a teaspoonful of pepper, a dash of  eayenue and a grating of nutmeg, add the beaten yolks of two eggs and two scant cupfuls of  chopped cooked chicken, cook until thoroughly  heated arid spiread on a platter to cool. Shape  into croquettes, roU4n^eeTOmbsrdip in heat^  en egg, roll again in crumbs and fry in deep hot  fat. Drain on soft paper and serve with white  sauce.  Tuesday, August 10th  Pummer or winter, day or night,  The woods are an ever-new delight;  .They give us peace and they make us strong,  Such wonderful balms to them belong.  ���������Stoddard.  Breakfast ��������� Baked Apples. Frizzled Beef.  Cream Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Tomato Bisque. Brown Stew of  Beef. Dumplings. Corn on Cob. String Bean  Salad. Fruit Tapioca. Coffee.  Supper���������Shrimps in Green Peppers. Sliced  Cucumbers. Yeast Rolls. Peanut Wafers. Tea.  Shrimps in Green Peppers  Cut the tops from six large green peppers,  take out the seeds and partitions, soak one hour  in cold water, then parboil five minutes in salted  water and drain. Remove the shells and cut one  pint of shrimps in small pieces, cook three minutes in two tablespoonfuls of butter, add one tablespoonful of lemon juice, three-quarters of a  cupful of fine bread crumbs moistened with half  a cupful of scalded milk and pepper and salt to  taste. Stir until thoroughly heated, take from the  fire, add the beaten yolks of two eggs, fill the  pepper shells, cover the tops with buttered  crumbs, stand them in a baking dish, pour in  half a cupful of water and bake fifteen minutes.  Canned Shrimps may be used.  Blueberry Muffins.  Coffee.,  ''..������������������'���������-���������  Wednesday, August 11 /  Nature's hand  Profuse hath scattered  of  her  gifts around;  Here to the eye of day fair flowers expand,  Perfume the glade, and gem the broken ground.  Here forest trees arise, a. varied band,  And waters still by willowy margins bound.  ���������.Tane Rebecca Thomas.  Breakfast���������Cereal with Cream. Puff Omelet.  Dinner���������Watermelon. English Mutton Chops..  French Fried Potatoes. Buttered Turnips. Lettuce  and Cress  Salad.  Caramel  Custard Pie.  Coffee.  Supper-^Cold Meat. Tomato Mayonnaise.  Frepch Bread. Berry Tarts. Tea.  Blueberry Muffins.  Cream one-quarter of a cupful of butter with  one-quarter of a cupful of sugar, add one beaten  flour with two teaspoonfuls of baking powder  egg and beat thoroughly. Sift two cupfuls of  and one-half teaspoonful of salt, and add to the  first mixture alternately with one cupful of  milk. Stir in one cupful of blueberries, turn  .into buttered muffin pans and bake in a moderately hot oven.  ' ��������� .''���������. '*���������.'��������������������������� ���������  Thursday, August 12th  Good-bye to pain and'care!   I take  Mine ease torday; "  .Here where these sunny, waters break,  And ripples this keen breeze, I shake  All burdens from tho heart; all weary thoughts away.  --John Greenleaf Whittier.  Breakfast���������Melons. Eggs in Shell. Green  Corn Griddle Cakes. Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Barley Soup. Boiled Beef Tongue.  Mashed Potatoes. String Beans. Cabbage arid  Beet Salad. Baked Peaches. Coffee.  Supper .������������������ Potato Omelet. Cheese Custards.  Graham Rolls. Apple Sauce. Cup Cakes. Tea.  Baked Peaches. k,j:- ���������  Wash some fine ripe peaches, but do not pare  them. Place in a''J deep baking dish, sprinkle  generously with light brown sugar, nearly coyer  with cold water and bake in a slow oyen until  tender. Baste frequently, replenish the water  if necessary and serve with cream either plain  or whipped.  ' ���������'���������'���������: ��������������������������� "���������*'���������  '���������"  Friday, August J3th  Out of the world of wrack and wrong,  Into the world of joy land song, .  JiutJ, of^ttie -land- of strain-and-stress^-���������-=���������v-^;  Into the land of happiness,  All of a summer day.  ���������John Carleton Sherman.  .  Breakfast���������Blackberries. Cereal with Cream  Mushroom Toast. Coffee.  Diner���������Clam Bouillon. Broiled Live Lobster.  Potato Straws. Corn on Cob. Cucumber and  Cress Salad. Currant Roly Poly with Lemon  Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Sliced Tongue. Cold Slaw. Baking  Powder Biscuits. Fruit Conserve. Cake. Tea.  Mushroom Toast  Peel one pound of mushrooms, cut in small  pieces and cook until tender in one-third of a  cupful of butter. Add one cupful of well-seasoned beef stock, cook gently for five minutes and  serve on squares of toasted bread.  SIR EDWARD GREY  His efforts for peace during the  last fatal week of July are on record ; and no one who saw him in  the House during that tremendous time, when ihe chamber  seemed darkened with impending  doom, can doubt either his surprise at the sudden blow or his  passionate desire to save Europe  from the coming disaster.  When someone met him after  his speech of August 3, and rather ineptly offered his congratulations on what Mr. Balfour  had Called the most momentous  speech made in parliament for a  hundred years, he turned away  with the remark, 'This is the saddest day of my life;'    .���������  I am told that at the cabinet  council next morning more than  one minister broke down under  the dreadful strain, and that Sir  Edward Grey was among them.  But, indeed, there were more  tears shed in England in those  tragic days than ever before. And  they were not tears of weakness,  but- of unspeakable grief.  If Mr. Asquith's intellectual  mastery of the House is supreme,  Sir Edward Grey's influence is  not less remarkable as a triumph  of character. In many respects  his equipment is undistinguished.  He has travelled .little-; it is jocularly said that he made his first  visit 'to Paris when he accompanied the King there a short  time ago. He is riot a linguist;  he is wholly insular in his tastes,  almost unknown in society, much  more devoted to fishing /than to  politics; speaks little, and then in  the plainest and most unadorned  fashion; is indifferent to the currents of modern life, and turns  for his literature to the quietism  of Wordsworth, Walton and  White's 'Selborne,' is rarely seen  in the House, and then seems to  stray in, as it were, like a visitor from,another planet.  .And in spite of all this he exercises an almost hypnotic influence on .parliament... The detachment of lhis mind, the Olympian  aloofness and serenity of his manner, -the transparent honesty of  hisVaims, his entire freedom from  artifice and from appeals to the  'gallery,' all combine to give him  a certain isolation and authority  that are unique. His speech has  the quality of finality. Mr. As-  nuith wins by sheer mental superiority; Mr. Lloyd Gfeorge wins  by the swiftness and suppleness  of his evolutions; Sir Edward  Grey wins by his mere presence,  and the sense of high purpose  and firmness of. mind which that  presence conveys.  It is a favorite jest of his enemies that no man can be quite so  wise as Sir Edward Grey looks.  Like some other products of the  Balliol system, he is more advaric-  ed in his views and more popular  in his sympathies than his manner and speech convey '��������� but in his  conduct of foreign affairs he has  adopted a reticence toward parliament which has been resented  ���������-notably in thecase of the Bus-,  sian agreimerat olr1907r which  was published some days after the  parliamentary session had closed,  and also in regard to the nature  of the military 'conversations'  with France, first disclosed to  parliament, in the speech of August 3rd last.  MAKE YOUR HENS PAY YOU  COAL  "Our Co.al .Lasts Longer."  Our Coal is better value than any other on the  market.   More heat.   No clinkers.  WOOD  Millwood and Kindling, per load .. .$2.50.  Choice 16-inch Fir, per load........ $3.00  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES      "  Kilgard Firebrick, Sewer Pipe, Partition Tile,  Etc. .  CARTAGE  General   Cartage,   Baggage  Moved and Stored.  and   Furniture  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour: 5408-5409  CANADA'S STATE RAILWAYS  Our people are only beginning  to realize how mueh has been  done in the past few days toward government ownership in  Canada���������the Intercolonial lines  with the Transcontinental cover  four thousand miles between  Halifax and Winnipeg. . The  farmers' grain will be hauled into Winnipeg over either the Canadian Northern or the Grand  Trunk Pacific before being put  on the government systein; otherwise it will be all on the state-  owned rails. The Canadian Northern _and the Grand Trunk Pacific, incorporated with the government system, would extend  from ocean to ocean and pass  through all the provinces and all  the principal towns, and cities of  Canada.  The greatest success is confidence, or perfect understanding  between sincere people.���������Emerson,  There are a few simple -rules  which, if carefully observed, will  increase the selling price of. market eggs to the extent of several  million dollars a year, and make  them sought after in the fancy  egg markets of the world.  These rules are:  1. Give the hens clean nests  and plenty of them.  2. Gather eggs twice daily  during warm weather,- and daily  during other seasons.  3. Handle eggs just as little  as possible. Every time they are  handled they deteriorate.  4. Market eggs of the correct  size���������24 to 28 ounces per dozen  5. Overly large or very small  eggs should be culled out.  6. Clean eggs will bring best  prices. Have clean nests and clean  houses. Never wash the eggs as  if- spoils the bloom. The last  thing a hen does before laying an  egg is to deposit a fluid about it  whieh seals it, as it were, and acts  as a protection.        X  7. Produce infertile eggs. They  stand shipment better than fertile eggs, they do not develop  germs, withstand the heat, cost  less to produce them and seldom  decay from any trouble on the  interior of the egg. Kill, sell or  confine the mature male birds as  soon as the hatching season is  over. X.-X vi  Are You Taking Advantage of  The Reduced Telephone  Rate to Nanaimo?  One hundred and eighty words  per minute, speaking slowly and  distinctly���������at our reduced rate to  Nanaimo pf fifty cents for the first  minute, each word costs less than  one-third of a cent.  This includes your reply which is  received without any waiting.  The telephone is the only means  of Long Distance verbal communication. No other means gives personal contact.  o  It is the cheapest, fastest and  most satisfactory.  B. C. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  \  8. Keep the eggs in a cool  place. A dry, cool room or a  dry cool basement or cellar will  prevent shrinkage, mould and  chick development.  9. Don't let eggs come in contact with odors such as paints,  kerosene, cabbage or decaying  vegetables or meat  10. Held eggs deteriorate. They  shrink . in weight, evaporation  takes place, and they lose their  flavor and freshness. Market the  eggs twice a week in hot weather.  ���������11. Keep one variety of poultry and produce eggs of one  color.  12. Market your eggs in clean  30 dozen cases, or in cartons  holding orie dozen eggs, depending upon the demand.  13. Don't expose eggs to flies  and dust and dirt and thus spoil  their appearance,;  14. Sell your eggs only to buyers who are willing to pay you  from one to three cents per dozen  more for good, clean, fresh, infertile eggs, than they are for  dirty, fertile, rotten and all  kinds of eggs mixed together.  The August issue of Bod and  Gun in Canada, published at  Woodstock, Ont, by W. J. Taylor, Limited, and now on the news  stands, makes good reading for  the sportsman. Its stories of  hunting, and fishing and "been  there"- descriptions of. various  outings in Canadian woods or on  Canadian waters are in line with  the vacation season, and the magazine is well worth while tucking  into the club or dunnage bag  when setting out on the annua)  summer vacation.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  POIJPERS  COMMERCIAI.  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  ���������'. ��������� I.-  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140       203 KINGSWAY  -:rtYA/:~"/'>>/x',/*//yy.'/A/-/Ay -. ���������-��������� j  X>;;11*?***   ' X-   -   ,/   * ..' X --,-v;- j-%....,r.i"' ,      .  >Jj%*~ iZtS&lfjL"'     'Zil: ������.'^'~Z'&jJu3's'ZZ'"S'J&~&"'.     '>'    ���������'>���������*  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop. FRIDAY, AUGUST 6, 1915  < THE WESTEBN   CALL  SPORTING COMMENT  Victoria   and  Aberdeen   have  jteen  dropped from the  Northwestern League for the balance  _f the season and the other four  earns will'continue the schedule  fcntil September. It was not to be  Expected that the six-team circuit could finish out the season,  costs real money to operate a  tall team, and real money is very  Scarce on the Pacific coast. The  abbreviating of the league was  Jertainly  the  best  thing  to  do  lander the circumstances, and'the  liirectors   were   wise.   Aberdeen  las shown no financial strength  it all during the season and Vic-  ftoria  was  little  better,   though  tsport fans naturally expected the  [capital city to put up a better  [line of  defence  than  what has  [been shown so. far. Both teams  will hold their franchise in the  league   until   times   are   better,  'when they will again operate. The  other teams are going strong,and  with the division of the players  of Aberdeen and Victoria there  should be a warm argument for  | the bunting. Bob Brown has re-  ; leased Killaley and signed on Boy  ���������j Brown again, and with another  change or two expects the Beavers to come through with something like a show for the honors.  At the'present  time  the locals  are holding the cellar position in  the league, and by the way they  are , shaping up  at Seattle this  week there seems no chance of  la change for a while. Meantime  [Spokane easily holds the edge on  the other teams, and with three  weeks of ball at home in a row  ! it  looks  practically  a  certainly  (for the Indians to gather in the  [league laurels.  ���������   ���������������������������-:  The Vancouver and New Westminster professional lacrosse  teams  staged  another  game   at  and contrary .to expectations the  locals came out on top by the  score of 4 to 3. Several times  during the game the champions  came within an ace of tying the  score, but they didn't. Several  times Geo. Tuck as referee sent  men to the penalty bench for infractions of the rules, and in this  respect his decisions won the approval of the1 fans who were at  the game. Geo. Tuck is the best  referee in B. C. and there is no  one dare deny it. He knows the  game,   he   is no   has-been;   he  hand dirty work, and George can  see it all because he has played  the game and knows how himself. But George Tuck is not  afraid and that is the secret of  his success with the lacrosse  tribes of the coast league. The  players know he cannot be fooled with. All on this account the  game was clean, and from the  day's play the champions were  clearly beaten. It was not a give  away game as on the previous  Saturday. The; Salmonbellies did  their best to win, but the Vancouvers are climbing just now,  while the-{champions seem to he  slipping. The next game will be  played at New Westminster on  Saturday. One more win for the  red shirts and the league is over.  * * ���������  Len Turnbull made his first appearance of the season in a red  jersey. He showed a few signs  of his old-time form, but evidently not in shape to go a hard  game, as it was easy for old  Harry Griffiths to keeR tab on  him.  Harry Pickering,, the star defence  man of the  green  shirts,  Athletic Park on Saturday lastj! suffered   a ���������/dislocated   shoulder  knows the dirty players and has  them marked; he knows the slippery fellows who do the under- day and then the following Sat-  and had to retire from the play  in the third quarter. He expects  to be in the lineup on Saturday,  however, and with him on the  defence a green shirt win is looked for.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Word from Westminster is to  the effect that the Boyals have  been slowing up on their practices. The Columbian says that  during the past month scarcely  a good practice has been indulged in. Perhaps that accounts for  the' poor showing of the Fraser  river lads in their recent turnout. There is nothing that will  disrupt a team quicker than a  failure to turn Out to practice,  and this may cause the transfer  of the cup at the close of the  season. ..'      x--'"  . ��������� ���������  .**���������'-** ,.  Vancouver must win on Satur-  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   WAOmNJSTS  JJtON & STEE^ TOUNPURS  5J9 Swth Ave. West.  va^ouveft 3. 0.  warriors in the right channel at  the close of. the season. Joe Lally might also take a hand in the  fray. He has shown considerable  courage in the face of great odds  in connection with the Mann cup,'  and this same courage directed  towards the German lines should  prove a winner.  *   ���������   ���������  The Caledonian games are to  be held at Brockton Point on Saturday and all the Scottish lads  and lasses of local athletic fame  should be on hand. The prizes  are on view in Birks window on  Granville street.  HEATING EconoTura,Mottoiciency���������  Our Business has bees built up by merit aloner  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer St. .Sey. 661  THS   VALE   OF   SHADOWS  Mount Pleasant Shoe Repair Shop  .BEST SBOJS BUPAmiNO ON TWB ,,TOt,V"  Three Months' Guarantee on Work Done on Ladies' or Men's  Shoes.  Work Done While You Wait.  Jtabbjsr aHee^  2429 Main Street, Next to Lee Building  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  ..   Vancouver, B. C.  . Advertise  in the  Western Call  urday to get the cup. It seems a  mighty hard road to champion  honors, but the manner in which  the home breWs are showing up  these days adds weight to the  opinion which has been freely expressed in some quarters that the  mug will change its home. For  us it looks like a vain hope.  . ���������   ���������   ���������  Joe Lally and the other Mann  cup trustees have entered suit  against the bondholders of the  cup here, arid are prepared to go  ahead with legal proceedings to  force a return of the cup. The  matter will come up at a meeting of the V. A. C. directors on  Saturday night. It looks from  this distance that the best thing  the V. A. C. can do is to hand  over the cup to Lally and his  confreres. The dispute which  has engaged public attention  from coast to coast was scarcely  worthy of the attention centred  on it. British Columbia Amateur  body declares Kendall an amateur, and whether or no it is in  the right it should have been  supported. We are not concerned about the possession of the  cup. From now on it will scarcely  represent the amateur lacrosse  championship of the Dominion,  but the actions of the trustees  ought to prove an object lesson  to the V. A. C. and kindred organizations to see to it that their  skirts are clean in this regard  in the future. Meantime the  transfer of the cup will most assuredly be in the best interests  of amateur lacrosse in the Domr  inion.  '������������������'���������*������������������*������������������ x  The Mann cup trustees have  approved of August 25th and  28th for games between the  Young Torontos, challengers from  the east, and Calgary, amateur  champions of. the world (?). The  games will take place in Calgary  and the fans of that city are  enthusiastic as to the outcome.  Calgary has some lacrosse team  for sure. A team that failed to  score in one game and got three  in the second against such overwhelming scores of 18 . and 15  will have a great chance of holding the trophy.  National Biscuits won the  championship of the Commercial  League for the second on Wednesday when they defeated the  Malkin team iri the second game  of the series by 6 runs to 4 This  is the second year the Biscuits  team have won the honors.  ���������   ������������������"'  The war is calling for the services of the young athletes of the  Dominion, and the boys are responding nobly. Among those  who have lately joined the ranks  are Harry Broadbent and Leth  Graham, members of the Ottawa  hockey club, which played here  last winter. These lads have joined at the capital, and with some  of the Montreal and Toronto  stars, will be in the trenches  soon. Stanley O'Kell, of Victoria, well known in lacrosse circles, has also joined for service,  overseas. It would be a splendid post graduate course in fighting for some of the Pacific coast  professional lacrosse players, and  it is to be hoped that Messrs.  Jones and Kellington will be able  to   direct  the   energies  of  their  By  Clinton   Scollard  There is a vale in the Flemish land,  A vale once fair to see,  Where under the sweep of the sky's  wide  arch  Tho -winter freeze or summar pareh,  The stately poplars march and march,  Remembering Lombardy.  Here are men of the Saxon eyes,.  Men of the Saxon heart,  Men of the fens and nton of the Peak,  Men of the Kentish meadows sleeky  Men of the Cornwall cove and creek,  Men of the Dove and Dart.  Here are men of the kilted clans  From the heathery sloped that lie  Where the mists hang gray and the  mists hang white, .  And the deep' lochs brood 'neath the  craggy height      ,  And the curlews scream in the moonless night,  Over the hilld of Skye.  Hero are men of the Celtic breed,  Lads of the smile and tear,  From where the loops of the Shannon  flow,  And  the   crosses   greal   in  the -evening   glow,  And the halls of Tara now are low,  And Dbnegall cliffs are sheer.  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour  8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rianufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhangirig and Kalsomining  Shop! 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver B.C.  "SO GOOD" IS  4X BREAD  ' X ���������:X  It's so good that thousands of good housewives  daily shift the burden of baking Bread on our shoulders.    Home made on a big scale. That's 4X.  Phone Fair. 44 for Shelly's 4 X  And   never   a   word   does   one   man  ,.;. speak,  Each in his narrow bed,  For it is. the Vale of Long Belease,  This is the Vale of the Lasting Peace  Where wars, and the rumours of wars,  shall cease���������  The valley of the deadiV  No more are they than: the scattered  '   scud,  '. ':'-"-   " ��������� ���������"��������� ���������'���������  No more than broken reeds,  No   more   than   shards   or   shattered  ���������'"'glass, "XX.  Than just blown down the winds that  '���������' 'pass,'  Than   . trampled    wefts    of    pampas-  * grass  When the wild herd stampedes.  In the dusk, of death they laid them  down  With, naught of murmuring,  And laughter rings through the House  ���������';' of Mirth :     '  To hear the vaunt of the high of  .birth,  For what are all the kings,of earth  Before the one great Ringf  And what'shall these proud war-lords  say  At foot of His" mighty throne f  For"thereshall dawn'WVrecll^ning^dS^  Or soon or late, come as it may,  When those who gave the sign to slay  Shall meet His face alone.   \  What, think ye, will their penknee be  Who  have  wrought  this monstrous  crime!   ���������  What    shall   whiten   their   blood-red  hands  Of  the stains of riven  and ravished  landsf  How   shall   they  answer   God's   stern  commands  At the last assize of Timef  There is a vale in the Flemish land  Where     the    lengthening    shadows  When day, with crimson sandals shod,  spread  Goes   home   athwart   the   mounds   of  sod ���������     ���������  That  cry in  silence up to   God  From the valley of the dead!  '' made good." New the British  government has taken an interest in the matter and a limited  number of children, boys especially, are sent from the national relief institutions,  cottage homes;  district schools and workhouses.  Mr. Crane describes the sympathetic touch the career of some  of     the     bright    h<Qrs ;:.X "vjho  come   on*   fooniXthe "training  schools of the homeland to the  training   farms   or   distributing  homes of the new, or even follow  them into their new homes. All  the children distributed through  the recognized centres are under  careful supervision by the institutions and by the government  until they reach an age bf independence. Most of them find good  homes and are happy and contented. As the demand for them  Mr. Crane observes. Too long the  officials, have   been   considered.  Now the time has come to think  first of the child. Those who fe.*i  scarcity of   labor    forget \the  hordes of casual workers, whose  ranks would be added to by the  children who are saved from such,  a fate by coming to Canada and  becoming independent and self-  respecting citizens.  X *A|  X:������l  THE POWBnON STATWHCMfcH  ���������yv&c?&3?t*r%  .,4    ^-J  /') *_ ������;'tVXl  The country is indebted to JBJtr',  George Foster for the progrwtwrfl  step in appointing a Dominion  statistician; and in calling Mr.  11. JJ. Coats, of the department  of labor, to this important post  the minister of trade and commerce has plainly been actuated  only by a desire to promote eifi-  i^ greater than the supply, Mr.fciency.   The work is urgent, and  Crane deals with the objections j _n>. B. - JI. Coats has the neces-  to such  emigration as well as i sary initiative and experience to  with its advantages.    The war I press it forward,  has  definitely answered one  of j    The need for more exact infor-  the most frequent of these, tbelmation  regarding  the  trend  of  sending of the most promising trade and commerce and trans-  young people  away to  foreign, portation and land and labor, and  shores. From this time Canada;of all the vital statistics relating  will be truly one with the home-1 to the development of Canada, is  land. Those who find new homes: very real to  anyone  trying to  i^this  cbTO^  moving from one part of the na-! condition of this Pominion. Jm-  tional heritage to another. Theyperiai proconsuls and experiene-  are not lost, they are simply ad- jed statesmen like Jjord Milner  justed to meet need and oppor- an<* ^ord Cromer have frequent-  tunity. Those who consider the lv of late years in London laid  emigration of children to be a stre?s <>n ^e importance of col-  confession of failure at home are feS* ������2 PS8^������ 8tatu^  .. information,  full   and   complete  thinking more of their own credit and in a form easy to read and  than of the  children's welfare.; understand.  '>m&*** uth^n.tj44.\iM  CANADA, THE LAND  OF OPPORTUNITY  ast ExmBrra���������Vancouver ���������EcmBrriON���������industeiaji buhvdino  One of the types of British immigration which has been almost  uniformly successful is that of  "Home" boys and girls, children  from orphanage or workhouse in  Britain. "John Bull's Surplus  Children," by Denis Crane (Horace Marshall & Sons, London,  Frank Hills, Box 55, Hamilton,  Ont., $1.00). deals with every aspect of child emigration from  England to Canada, both as it  affects the child and as it effects  the community. During the past  forty years many voluntary agencies have sent out groups of  children for adoption or indenture in Canada, and the closely-  kept records show that a wonderful   percentage   of   these   have  Now is the  ������  Time  to Buy  GARDEN HOSE  We have a special Sale of Hose on now.  Regular $5.50 for  -  $4.75  Regular $5.00 for  -   $4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.     Phone us your order.   We make prompt delivery.  W. R. Owen (Morrison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street \  %  THE  WESTERN  CALL  '  Friday. August- 6,' 1915J  , 5  i  f  f  H  i I  CLOTHING FOR MEN  HAND TAILORED SUITS  Fit. Material and Workmanship Guaranteed  At Prices to Suit  You  $15.00  $17.00  $19.00  ��������� $22.00  SEE OUR WINDOWS  WILSON & RICHMOND  THE PEOPLE'S CLOTHIERS  Phone: Sey. 2742  37 Hastings St. W.  LOCAL ITEMS OF INTEREST  B. C. TAG DAY  ON AUGUST 28TH  The officials of the Red Cross  Society and of the St. John Ambulance Corps expect to make  the above date the best tag day  in the history of the. province.  Representatives of these two" organizations met on Monday and  decided on the above date and  are now busy making arrangements for the holding of. the tag  day. Subscriptions may be addressed to 618 'Pacific building to  either itylr. Pennock, treasurer of  the St. John Ambulance Corps,  orsMr. J.-E. Seymour, vice-chairman of the Red Cross''Society.  New Westminster representatives  are arranging for an extensive  "tag day" campaign and it is  sincerely hoped that British Columbia will do herself proud on  that occasion.  REV.   PR.   NIXON   DEAD  Many Vancouver, friends of  Rev.. Dr.. Thomas Nixon, formerly pastor of the Presbyterian  church at Kamloops, will regret  to hear of his demise, which occurred at London, Ontario, on  Monday. Dr. Nixon was one of  the brightest men of the Presbyterian church in Canada, and  held several important pastorates. Several years ago he accepted ,a call to Kamloops, and  had a successful ministry there  until failing health compelled  him to resign about a year ago.  Deceased was a native of Belfast,  Ireland, and was a brother-in-law  of Rev. A. E. Mitchell, of Mount  Pleasant Presbyterian church.  * c  te^x  XX^X'XX-*  iygyfA*-' -  ,  WE WANT YOUE ELECTRICAL WORK  FIXTURES .AND SUPPLIEfl  THE JARVIS ELECTRIC CO.  LIMITED  C&meral Electrical Contractors  670 Richards Street  VANCOUVER. *. 0.  Vancouver Exhibition from August 13th to August 21st.  THS CELEBRATION  f.  i  I  I.  ���������a  S'i  I  oy *  '  ���������bookkeeping and Shorthand!  made ������wy"  Taught  rapidly and  efficiently by  James Black, Certified Teacher ef  Commercial (Subjects  Fbone: Fair. 16301,. or write 826  I5tb Ave. West  Terms   on   Application.      private  instruction by arrangement.,  The World's Sunday School  Association reports tbat up to  April 1st, 200,000 copies of the  New Testament had been provided for by the gifts of American  Sunday-School scholars in the  movement to raise "A million  nickels from-a million scholars,  for a million Testaments, for a  million soldiers."  P. C. Sheet Metal Works  OORNIOES-SKYWOHTS-FURNACES  ORNAMENTAL IRON WORK  General Jobbing Estimates Furnished  1238 Seymour St.    Phone, Sey.  \A-W.3tylo,  &Coinfc  <*������  British Colombia-  See that your shoes are Leckie V  Much has been said about using  only products made in British Columbia. This is one reason why your  choice should be Leckie Shoes���������the  other reasons prove themselves in  every pair of Leckie Shoes.  When yon buy a foreign-made  shoe, the biggest part of your dollar goes to foreign interests���������and  duty. Every penny you pay for Leckie Shoes is for Leckie Shoes���������for  British Columbia pay-rolls���������for honest leather. Then again, Leckie  Shoes are Better.  M  The celebration was of the beginning 6t the second year of the  war. The past is gone, and there  cannot be the going over the same  groundtagain.  But the present and the future  are with or for us still.  At the beginning of the war -we  estimated the necessary output  of strength on the part of the  Empire. We then believed tbat  tlie services of, the fleet and the  moral support given by a small  expeditionary force would be sufficient.-        x  We now know that this has not  proven to be sufficient.  Later we believed that the services of the navy and of an ariny  of three millions of men would  be abundant. We now have,  grave reason to doubt this. -  To-day we are facing the fact  that it will take the united manhood of the Empire in addition  to pur fleet ami the three million  arraysto Jmngjthe desired result.  ���������the"spirit manife^d^inV"^the  consecration services show that  there will be no shrinking- f from  this measure of sacrifice.  Vancouver has never had such  another day. A  Westminster had a most remarkable experience. X  Nanaimo turned out en masse  and the spirit manifested showed the true consecration purpose  of the.city.'  The other towns of the province were not behind in spirit  whatever the form df the services took.  In Vancouver church services  were held at various points ^previous to the parade.   The city  At Hanbury^s  Special Prices until Augtist  15,  delivered:       X  *&13>DS   ���������.* ��������� ��������� ��������� ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������.��������� ��������������������������� ������������������ ��������� ������pX_rfV  Edgings $1.60  Inside Fir .... ... $2.25  Kiln-dried Kindling ..$2.50  South Wellington Lump  Coal, per ton  $6.60  South Wellington Nut  Coal, per ton ..... ..$5.60  J. Haribury & Co. Ltd.  Cor. Fourth and Granville  Bay. 1076 and 1077  was thronged with loyal, steadfast Britons out to do honor and  to! consecrate their lives to the  Empire. The addresses on the  Cambie street grounds had but  one tone, one thought, and one  ideal���������to pursue'the conflict with  all the vigor and all the strength  of the empire.  August 4th. 1915, will long be  remembered in Vancouver as one  of the greatest days in her history. It "was a fitting tribute to  the memory of Vancouver's sons  and a glowipg 'tribute to the  consecrated lives of her citizens.  NEWS FROM PRIVATE  WILLIAM LONSDALE  During the early months bf the  war the British and Canadian  newspapers contained many despatches in reference to Private  Tyilliam Lonsdale and his adventures as a prisoner of war in  Germany. Word now comes that  Lonsdale, who is still a prisoner  of war> is in good health and  that he is undergoing a sentence  of fifteen years in- prison. The  last previous news received concerning Lonsdale was that a sentence of twenty years ' imprisonment which had been imposed on  him Vhad been revised and *ne  death penalty substituted.  ��������� The case of Lonsdale early in  the year attracted considerable  attention. He Was condemned by  court-martial for an attack on a.  guard at the Doberitz prison  camp and sentenced to death.  The Lord Mayor of Leeds���������^the  prisoner's native town���������appealed  to the American minister at The  Hague to urge that Lonsdale be  not put to death, and both the  minister and the American ambassador to Germany took an interest in the case and sought to  have the -death sentence commuted. In February it was announced that the sentence had  been changed to twenty years'  imprisonment, but in April-ot  was stated that the supreme military court had confirmed the  death sentence.  Vancouver Exhibition from August 13th to August 21st.  9**j 9mf*r9W*w,eje   t***y**f**p^^qi9,   ^^4V*f#*f>*  "War is hell." But there are  experiences which, if permitted,  would be worse than hell. If this  ���������were not so, a just God would  never allow hell to exist.  Crime, unpunished, unrestrained, unprevented; criminals un-  eured; greed, cruelty, malice, allowed to riot unchecked; purity  and innocence unprotected from  rapacity arid lust; a universe given* over to lawlessness, would be  infinitely worse than the hell  which Jonathan, Edwards, Milton  and Dante portrayed.  ^iW^Jf^ffilL- hut_ vthejrprhi  has suffered experiences that are  worse than war.  The'massacre of St. Bartholomew was worse than the war  bravely fought by the Netherlands to defend their country  from Spanish despotism. The  massacre of. the' unresisting Armenians was worse, than the Crimean war. The massacre of the  unresisting Jews was worse than  the Russo-Japanese war. Worse  than the civil war Would have  been ihe cowardly acquiescence  of a once liberty-loving people  that they allowed an empire with  slavery for its cornerstone to be  erected extending from' the Ohio  river to the Isthmus of Panama.  Worse than the Spanish-American war would have been a re  creant America acquiescing in  the cruelties perpetrated under  the Weyler regime on the help  less Cubans.  There is a price too great to  pay for peace. To.consent to  injustice, to leave the defence  less undefended, to submit V in  craven spirit to despotism, to  flee from peril with duties unfulfilled���������these are far too high a  purchase price to pay for peace  It is ^stated that in Italy alone  1,860   tons   of   orange   blossoms  and 1,000 tons of rose petals are  consumed annually in_ the manu  facture of her exquisite perfumes  What do you know about  the Pacific Great  Railway ?  DO  YOU  KNOW  <  That there is a dally train service (in both directions between Squamish and Lillooet���������a distance of 120 miles? .. , . .  That connection is made directly at Squamish  by SS. Ballena leaving Union Pock, Vancouver,  9.15 a.m. daily (except Sunday)?  That the P. G. E. roadbed is in absolutely first  class condition, and that travel is comfortable  aMsafe?    ;;'  That there are a number of excellent Besort  Lodges and Camps at various points along the  line���������safe places for ladies and children?  That these resort lodges and camps are situated  on beautiful lakes and streams, where the fishing is like a fisherman's dream?  That for magnificent scenery no other 120  miles of railroad can show the half of it���������  and what's more it can all be perfectly' seen  from the car window? ���������,, ^  YOU need a vacation���������one that will take you  into new surroundings���������perhaps a little higher  altitude will give you back the "pep" the "hard  times''have somewhat dulled.  Than take a trip over British Columbia's OWN  railroad���������YOUR   railroad V     X  WHITE OR PHONE SEYMOUB 9547 (PAS8ENGEB DEPARTMENT  PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN BAILWAY, 325 HOWE ST.) AND GET  A FEW SUGGESTIONS FOB A HEALTHY AND INEXPENSIVE  HOLIDAY.  PHONE  SEYMOUR  9086  **+*&������ **b  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MINING  BEGUIiATIONS  FIRE MEANS  DESTRUCTION  We insure, your Rome  and Treasured against loss  in good.,,Board' Companies.  Dowr Fraser Trust Co.  123 Hastings St. West  References: Dun's, ������radstreets,  and any. Financial House of Be-  jrate iii ^ncoyver:  **%  ^^*T^"T*vL '       "TT^'' ' 9&*f&^r*  99949^     '  - '^���������^������������������^T    _  Xr      V has .removed from  V: Cor. 7tb and .Main to  2440 Ma4n Street. Near Broacftray  ' Bring  you*   Repair  Work  here  and get a free pass to the Bro il-  ���������way Theatre.  Coal mining rights of the Domii  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan anJ  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, thl  North-west Territories and in a pon  tion of the province of British Col  umbia, may be leased for a term, of  twenty-one years at an annual rental  of $1 an acre. Not more than' 2,561  acres will be leased to one applicant  Application f0r a lease must bJ  made by- the applicant in person tl  the Agent or Sub-Agent of thel dial  trict in. which the rights applied' foi  are situated.       -. * *"    " ]  In^surveyeat''terrtttfry the land mttsl  be ** described by, sections, vor' legal  subdivisions of sections, and,in unl  surveyed territory tSe tract applied  for shall be staked out by tfce applil  cant himself. I  Bach application "must be accompanil  ed by a fee of #5 wbicb will be rel  funded if the rights applied for" ar������  not available, but 'not*1 otherwise, i'  royalty shalXbe paid on the mer  chantable output of .the mine at tbij  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating tne mine shal  furnish the Agent with sworn return!  accounting for the, ."full quantity oi  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the eoal mining  rights are not being operated, such re-j  turns should be furnished at least  once a year.        ������ -   j  The lease will include tht> ceal min-j  ing rights^onlyj but the lessee way be  permitted to purchase whatever avail-l  able, surf ace rights may be considered!  necessary for the working of the minej  ���������at- the -rate of-$10.00-an^acre4iXX '  For full information applic&tionl  should be made to. the Secretary, Ot;r  the Department of ^ the Interior, Ot-j  tawa, or to any Agent or. Sub-Agent|  of Dominion Lands. X  'XX       -J'":k$/%.CORY,':.^; J-y  .Deputy Minister of the Interior. ..  N.B.���������Unauthorized   publication   of J  this advertisement will not be paid for.  .r-58782.-   -���������  X':-'- ' ': ' :A:~ V    - - X;;  C&AS. OHAFUN'S 0JU4CHIT V  "Nutty But Nice"  A delicious combination of pure, velvet Ice Creamy Chopped Jfuts and  .       Fruits,  15  cents. ' '  7 THAT NEW STORE X  167-Broadway E. Le������ Building * Near Hals  -Boxes and Tables for the Ladies  New forms of infection". incident to trench warfare are being  studied by scientists in a new hospital equipped by the Bockfeller  Institute at Compeigne, France.  Vancouver Exhibition from August 13th to August 21st.  "WT A HUNDEBD PEPEES ANP A' AND A'  ������t  onian  "Faur frae Auld Scotia's heath and hames,  The auld-time spell comes O'er us\_ X  v      Mid Nekrwarld-scenes, and New-warld" aims,  Tae  honour  Mither   Scotland's   claims  '-'���������'.���������-"  And hand the Caledonian Games     X  Oor Faitherslo'ed afore us." . .    ���������������  X* ���������Baid, St.-Andrew's.'& Caledonian Society.  We have heard from, the Mackays, the Bosses, the Macgregors, the  Sinclairs, the Munros and the Mclntoshes. They also are coming. Pipers  are coming from far and near. Entries are pouring in. Special prizes  for the best aggregates in piping, dancing and-athletic events. Competitors., entering:*before August 7th will have competitors' passes is-  'sued to them. The programme goes to the printers next Saturday.  Shouldn't your name be in itf   Call us up. V Entries'to  Games Secretary St. Andrew's and Caledonian Society,  620 Pacific Building or 519 Pendet St. W.  WHA' WAI> NA' WANT T^ COME?  Brockton Point  August 7th  ar**5

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