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The Western Call Aug 20, 1915

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 Bedding  > Flowers,  ��������� Plants.  Plants���������Ont  Decorative  Floral Designs and  Sprays,   etc.   Phone,  your order.    ^*  Heeler's  Niijseri*  Phone,  15th  Fair. 817  and Main  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  rSQtt  Pfcono: FWr. 100������  , /.������P*4i   i  *<?>* -. '* -*������������������  ".-   -.X^f'  ^  1 X    ^'l  rOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,       FRIDAY, AUGUST 20, 1915.  6 Cento Per Copy.  'HE OLD AND THE HEW GERMANY  fO  REALIZE  WHAT   ''The   Great   Change"  really is, we have but to recall Ihe War of"  1870 and th Germany we knew for almost a  feneration  afterwards.   That  was   a  Germany  which the memories of Goethe, Schiller, Kant,  |r Heine had not died; in which the kindly simplicity of a strong race continued and prospered; infewhich we experienced ther vaguely pleasant appeal composed of music, sentimentalism,  j>londe hair and blue eyes, excellent beer, large  [luantities of wholesome food, simple and genuine  jiospitality.   The test of sudden prosperity has  fhanged all this, and given the nation all those  .pleasant   positive   characteristics   which   are  |)bservable   in the   worst   type   of   "self-made  in," of nouveau riche,  together   with  that  fatal defect,  for nations  as for individuals���������  ltter loss of all  philosophic  humour and all  )ower  of  self-criticism.   As   John   Galsworthy  Ivrote to Andre Chevrillon, "there is in the blood  V the French and British a salt which inclines  ������ur peoples to individual liberty and to those  lemocratic forms of government which alone  ermit of enough philosophic humour and self-  briticism to keep patriotism sober." In modern  Germany we see patriotism run mad; and the  process  by  which the whole nation has been  j?hanged is only now observable. The psychologi-  sal problem involved is of profound interest. It  mflfled  some  ef  our  best men  until  the   outburst of last August made it clear to us all.-     ,  WINTER IS COMING  |N A SHORT TIME winter will be upon us with  unusually aggravated demands upon us for  "relief."    What are we doing as a City, as a  province?  This is most assuredly our responsibility and  lere excuses will not do. We must ACT.  Again we .plead with the City Council to  Iwake up."        X  -*\.  PROHIBITION  [HE WORD "PROHIBITION" is, perhaps, unfortunate; it gives the impression of coersion,  and many will oppose the. cause because of  le,T name. Is it not possible,- at.the.\iortheom-,.  ig-convention to'coin a-new''haniev?;' OurXib-1  get-is not to force men to do anything agaipst  tieir will, 4>ut rather to abolish^ or- eradicate a  raffle which is proven a curse.  Several very estimable and responsible citi-  lens recently waited, upon the Premier of the  province to urge the government to refuse any  jieasure which would give effect to the growing  |entiment in favor of abolition of the liquor  raffle.     These gentlemen speak only "for them-  eives, they do not represent a definitely organ-  ted section of society.     Those who interview-  Id the Premier previously in favor of the move-  Lent did represent a very large body of society;  large section of the community, and we urge our  [hey went with a strong mandate from a very  lagacious and much respected Premier to give  }ar to their request.  | The government has the right to demand a  iefinite expression of public opinion, but they"  jnust bear in mind that on them rests the responsibility of providing the medium through whjch  luclr opinion may be" expressed. -  f We want no undue delay. It will not do  [o put it off/until after an election. We ask  toly for a fair and square deal, with the privilege of majoriti/ rule. This we aek, this  \ve have a right to receive, this, we are sure,  sane government will readily grant.  > t  THE MOSQUITO FLEET  If the news published in Washington describing the new British motor patrols is correct the  .errnan submarine will be less of a menace in  |_uturc.     These motor patrols have been spoken  )f as "whippets' a whippet being an extremely  jfast dog of the greyhound type used in coursing,  fl'be   motorboats   are   to   ' course'   the   German  submarines,, are fitted with gas engines, and  Itheir speed will range from thirty to sixty  Jki]ot8 an hour. They will mount one or two  [quick-firers,-..and their speed, small size- and  lability to turn and dodge will make them almost  ���������invulnerable to underwater attack. Thousands of  Jthese boats are reported to be in process, of  [construction, and orders for 500 are now being  [filled in the United States. They will all have  [searchlights, and groups of them will act as  [convoys to merchantmen within the submarine  [/zone. . ..."'       X'V.      XX 'X    -Xx XX.  Reports of Kurdish atrocities in Armenia near  ['Bitlis state that 9,000 men, womenVand children  [have been massacred there. Mutilated bodies now  [strew the banks of the Tigris. Iii the region of  [the upper Euphrates also thousands >ofArmenians have been killed. The British army now as-  | cending the Tigris and Euphrates is still far  from the scene of these atrocities, but it will  mnquestionably .push-on all the more vigorously  [kfccause of them in the hope of saving some part  (of the Christians of Armenia from their bloodthirsty foes. Twenty' thousand of the people are  fhomeless. -��������� X..  LATE NEWS IN BRIEF  .. t  ' The United States is near the breaking point with Germany, and may withdraw Ambassador Gerard in consequence of the sinking of the Arabic.  Greece and Bulgaria will soon enter the war on the side of the Allies.   *        ,  Six more vessels were sunk by the Germans to-day..  It is reported that another White Star liner Avas sunk < by the Germans this morning.  THE GERMAN WAB BOOK  IN PROP. MORGAN'S brilliant edition of The  Usages of War on Land, originally issued by  the Great General Staff of the German Army,  and lately published in the English version, by  Mr. John Murray, the definite policy actually  inspiring these actions, which might otherwise  have been considered to be the accidental results of momentary passion, is definitely laid  down. "A war conducted with energy," says'  this gruesome volume, "cannot be directed  merely against the combatants of the Enemy  State and the positions they occupy, but it will  and must in like manner seek to destroy the  total intellectual and material resources of the  latter. Humanitarian claims, such as the~ protection of men and their goods, can oniybe taken  into consideration in so far as the nature and  object of the war permit. Consequently, the  'argument 'of war' permits every belligerent  state to have recourse to all means which enable  it to obtain the object of the war; still, practice  has taught the advisability of allowing in one's  own interest the introduction of a limitation in  the use of certain methods of war and'a total  renunciation of others. Chivalrous feelings.  Christian, thought, higher civilization, and by no  means least of all, the recognition of one's own  advantage, have led to a voluntary and self-imposed limitation." v  The Germans are erecting a monument in  j Gotha showing ~ a Taube monoplane on a pedes-  ptal  of red marble six feet high.   In front is  seen a German soldier in a fighting'attitude, and  l-two sides of the pillar show Paris and. Dover;  where the Taubes have operated.  AGRICULTURAL CREPJT IN SPAIN  THE PROVISION OF CREDIT is one of the  ' most urgent and difficult problems wbich remains to be solved^ in the agricultural econ-  omy of Spain. In spite of the fact that a- number of bills have been laid before parliament,  none has so far passed into law, and the demand for the organization of adequate credit  institutes becomes day by day more insistent.  The public authorities have recognized the  urgency of the problem and for. some time past  have been seeking a solution. In the absence  of any special credit system the steps taken  by them have been in the direction of strengthening and developing such institutions as already  exist. The .institutions towards which the authorities have directed their attention are the  old-established positos, institutions resembling  the Italian monti frumentari or the Portugese  cel.leiros, which rendered such excellent service  to Spanish agriculture in its apogee. These  institutions the authorities are endeavoring to  adapt to the requirements of present-day agriculture        V. '_   The first step was .taken in 1906 when a  Royal Commission was appointed to enquire  into the property held by the^ positos, to crill  in their outstanding loans, and turn their assets  into cash. In addition to discharging its purely economic functions the Commission has been  able to examine minutely the working of the  positos, noting both their defects and their advantages. It was found that there very often  existed, in the same district, positos which had  abundant funds lying idle because there were  no borrowers and others which were compelled  to suspend operations from lack of funds.  Upon the lines indicated, the Minister for  Agriculture and Commerce, Mr. Ugarte, following the modern economic and sociological  ideas, determined to organize the positos in federations. This is the reason for the Royal Decree of October 16, 1914, which permits positos  already in existence, or which may be formed  later, to form provincial federations.  The main object of the federations will be  to enable institutions with an excess of funds  to lend to institutions in the same federation  'which are short of funds. They will be empowered also to make advances to agricultural  associations, chambers of agriculture, savings  ���������banks, co-operative associations and other similar institutions which are able to give proof  of their; solvency. For tbis purpose they will  utilize the funds lying idle in the.positos or  deposited with the Bank of Spain:  . The .interest On the loans/yvill be 4 per cent,  which will be distributed -thus: 3 per cent, to  the posito providing the funds and 1 per cent  to the federation as its legal due.    X  This organization of the positos must be absolutely voluntary; the provisions of the decree  are merely the rules for the constitution of federations. Nevertheless, the decree states that in  future.- in the matter of grants and increases in  capital, preference will be given to such positos  as are organized in federation.  Finally, the decree announces that when the  organization of the positos has been effected  steps will be taken to furnish the federations  with capital x>f their own so that they may  become district .credit institutes. This is a  provision of great importance illwhich indicates  clearly the lines upon which it is intended that  State action shall be directed.  n  SIB BOBEBT BORDEN  AMIDST THE TITANIC responsibilities which  now  rest  upon  our  great  Prime  Minister,  . he finds time for special work He has given  special consideration to our needs in B. C, and  has taken up the question of securing from the  Admiralty the release of sufficient "tonnage" to  handle our -lumber trade. No other man in  Canada could have done this, and we owe him a  debt of-gratitude.  ., Second only to this debt to SirlRobert is  onr obligation to Sir Geo. Foster, who some  months ago appointed Mr. McMillan as special  representative of his department to advance the  interest of the B. C. lumber trade. His work  has been so successful that we now have several  large orders for B. C. timber. It is also well to  note that Mr. McMillan received valuable assistance from Sir Geo. Perley, High Commissioner, in London.  THE WORLD'S OAT PRODUCTION  THE FOLLOWING TABLE giving the world's  production of oats does not include the fig-?  ures for Greece, Portugal, Servia, Turkey in  Europe and Asia, Mexico, China, Persia. Peru,  Uruguay, and the Union of South Africa, for  which there are no agricultural statistics at all'  or else only data for some separate years,, and  which thus do not enter into the return, of the  world's production, the average production may  be-estimated for the groups at about 40V to 50  million bushels. On adding these 50 millions to  Xhe 4,120 of the harvest year, 1914? and4914-*5  ���������������������������������# 'obtain a total world's production of 43-TO  million bushels in round numbers. Hence the  table of the world's production includes about  99 per cent, of the total world's oat crop and  may be considered to be complete.  Countries Bushels  Prussia       385,747,000  Germany  (less. Prussia)    181,828,000  Austria  .     .    .             154,796,000  Hungary   (proper)     85,242,000  Belgium   .   .               _,  46,816,000  Bulgaria                              12,968,000  Denmark             43,633,000  Spain            ..     ..               ��������� ..; 29,390,000  Prance                ..             _. 352,894,000  Great Britain and Ireland  189,906,000  Italy     ,.  . . 25,249,000  Luxemburg            ... 3,844,000  Norway     .     ....      .   ."            8,777,000  Nerh3rlands          .                            . 18,784,000  Roumania            ...                23,823,000  Russia-in-Europe (less Poland)        . 679,769,000  Poland _            ..                72,085,000 ���������  Swed'*n                 54,873,000  ,  Switzerland         4,896,000  Canada                  _ 313,078,000  United    States      .\    . .1,141,060,000  ���������Japan                                            .        ... 5,478,000  Bussia m-Asia (10 Governments) 152,948,000  Bussia-in-Asia (other Governments) 18,9.72,000  Algeria                                  ..            . 12,877,000  Tunis     .                .          _  648,000  Argentina            .         .     . 83,451,000  Now  Zealand     ...                       .   . 16,759,000  HOW GERMANY HONORS  HER SIGNATURE  -)4ri  xXX(-XX  \\Xxxi*  . t X X; >j   . X   tUv^h}-  xi,;^f  > j   -��������� -; jj ' v*.^1  No., 15.,  ��������� A..  '   Sf,f *  xx xMi  - xx %n  yi w f< **"' .  J.JV  x   X^^I  "."-���������s^tl  r     t  _'    *  ���������s&  -- xx  SHE SIGNED A SOLEMN INTERNATIONAL  '   convention, among the, articles, of which areT  the following:   t ,  yyvj.z^'^'-.  Article 23: (a) "Itia particularly forbidden   ^-^-.  to use poison or prisoned weapons." (What  about poisonous ^uesf)  (c). "To kill or wound an enemy who has  -nnoonditionaJly surrendared."  (Thousands have been ruthlessly murdered in this way).    ", .������       X  (d). "To declare that no qnarter wiU bt  *m-"i     * ';       ,         H^ ; /:  On August 26th General Stenger, commanding the 58th German Brigade, issued the following order to his troops:      -;  , "From to-day onwards we take no move  prisoners. All taken prisoners are to be  killed. ' The wounded, whether they have  arms or not, are to be killed. (VerwundeteV  ob mit Waffen oder wehrlos niedergem*-  acht.) Even prisoners already made up,  ifato convoys Vfor transportation are to" be' ^  killed.     Not a living enemy must be left,,  behind us. c  "(Si|*ned)       ' , x   -  /        "The Lieutenant Commanding Company:'  Stoy.   The   Colonel   Commanding   Regiment, Neubauer; the General Commanding  '  Brigade, Stenger."     -     '  Article 50: No collective penalty, either as a'  fine or otherwise, can be required of the popn- "  lation on account of individual acts."  J(This was .observed as follows:  A contribution of 650,000 fr. is imposed  on   the  Commune  of Luneville.        The v -'  Mayor is ordered to pay this sum^-50,-  000 fr. in silver and the remainder in gold,,,  ���������on Sept. 6 at nine 6 'clock in the morn  -  A"   V-4  -     j   .-^kt -f- _  ^J  J.T. <f^    J If  \  4- W .  X  it.  ,  .\ ' ',  ���������on oept. o ai nine o ciock in tne morn-    ������_<. ���������jf  ing to the representative of the German } /$>?  Military Authority  .No protest will  be  ^.-^__��������� J____.___l XT ���������A ��������� -J*     X*  ������������������_"      "_L  f xXf^  j ������?  *%>%  '&���������  -31  considered. No extension of time wUl be'Vj-1 Tiffin  granted.. If the commune does not tmnc-    LAA"' 'AAJ^  i  ^'������-  ���������s    ���������������       -.  granted., If the commune does not punctually obey the order to pay 650,000 fe.,> *&,>'���������*&&*  all tHe%H������d#,%hich are available wM be f .^ C|^#l  seized. In case payment' is not made domiciliary searches will take place and all  the inhabitants,will be searched. Anyone  who shall have deliberately hidden money  or shall Vhave attempted to bide his goods  from1 the^ seizure of? the military authorities, or who seeks to leave the town, will  be shot. The Mayor and hostages taken  by the military authorities will be made  responsible for the exact execution of the  above order. The Mayor is ordered to  publish these directions to the commune  at once.  Henamenil, Sept. 3, 1914.  Commander-in-Chief, von Fosbender.  i-  r1.  Totals  4,120,591,000  THE WORLD'S CORN PRODUCTION  THE WORLD'S PRODUCTION return does not  include the production in the following countries to the Institute for some of which the  maize crop is of fairly considerable importance:  France, Greece, Portugal, Servia, Turkey in Europe and in Asia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Gautemala,  Mexico, China, India, Algeria, Chili, Peru, Union  of South Africa and the Dutch East Indies. For  the above group of countries the average yield  may be estimated at about 492 million bushels,  which being added to the 3,688 million of the  harvest year 1914 and 1914-15 give a total  world ^production of 4,180 .million bushels in  round figures. The following table for the world's  production includes therefore only about 88 per  cent, of the total maize crop.  Austria   ..-.,..:........... ..A...A..........     14,813,000  Hungaty ���������..;���������X.X.....:....~.X.���������....X.-... 18^320,000  Bulgaria   .���������..:..:.....: ..:-.: :.J. \ 35,431,000  spaiiV^;X...>:.-_.x...'...-i: ...:....   30,325,000-  ' ItalyV.X.; ���������..:...���������........���������;..........���������.....   105,007,000  BoniMn&XXXX  Bussia'-in-Europe  (less Poland)  ................ 80,609,000  Switzerland   .���������...:..... :..........���������...���������.....-.:.:...;.. .      106,000  Canada   ..............J... -���������..."...���������  12,924,000  United   States   ...J......... :.: -..--.. .2,672,804,000  Japan   ......���������...: X...X...:... '.;'. -. 3,753,000  Russia-i'n-Asia  (10 Governments) '. 356,000  Eussia-in-Aaia   (other   Governments)   .... 15,483,000  Egypt   ...... ..-.'. 66,745,000  Tunis ;_..............'���������.:...., '. .���������.....".._.:  ,220,000  Argentina ��������� '..'��������� .-.���������.-  338,236,000  Australia   ...........J.....,....;..:. ..-.- ���������- 9,913,000  .New Zealand  425,000  THE COST Of DEFENCE  THE NATIONAL SECURITY LEAGUE shows  that it has cost the United States a billion  dollars in ten years to maintain an array of  90,000, while, for $65,000,000 Switzerland has  had for ten years a citizen army of 500,000 always ready if needed. More startling still are  tbe facts if we total our military bills for army,  .nay.vv_and_pensions When the^great-war began-  they were nearly $487,000,000 a year, not including some $10,000,000 paid by the States for  militia���������more than any other nation on earth  then spent for military purposes.  Great Britain in 1914 was spending 230,-  000,000 for navy, $120,000,000 for army, and  $20,000,000 for army pensions; Russia,$285,000,-  000 for army, $122,000,000 for navy; Germany,  .$300,000,000 for array, $114,000,000 for navy;  France, Italy and Austria-Hungary were well behind.  Our 1913-1914 army cost of .$173,000,000  equalled that of Germany before the Imperial  Array Act of 1913 in preparation for the present war Our naval cost of nearly $140,000,000  was second only to Britain's. Our pension  bill of .$173,000,000 admitted of no comparisons  whatever. There was nothing like it.  Ex-President Taft computes that our active  army costs... $1,200 for each man. The League  figures a ten-year total cost of $10,000 a man.  -A-large standing army on such terms is out  of the'.question. For years we have been spending more than any other country for war purposes, past and future, without getting the worth  of our money. It is. time for a change���������New  York World.  ?%&#'  Miners in the Mons region of Belgium are on  'strike and a clash with German soldiers is said     0  to have resulted in the death of two of the military and seven miners.     Disorders also are reported  at  Cai'leroi,  a  result  of the  high cost  of food, due to the pillaging of. the shops. German troops are said to have charged a crowd  of  civilians,   killing  ten  and  wounding  forty.  J?our battalions of Landsturra have been sent to  .Mons and Charleroi. XXV  Total   .....: .....3,687,701,000  Over 80,000.men have now been sent from  Canada for service at the front. There have  been about- 13,000 casualties, so that there are  still 67,000 fighting men in England and France.  This makes two army divisions. There are nearly  65,000 "men in training at the present time at the  various camps in Canada, and there is a proposal under consideration by the Ottawa militia-authorities to ereate four Canadian army  divisions���������two at the front and two to continue  training in England and to;Offct as reinforcements for the two in the _*0jg^ingi line. Xv mnt*mwem^emwmwm  :,:;?1^.^;-'*!i;  if^^^^^^^i^i^^������  Mi  ������#���������  ������1  Ss  i> \  H.  11  V  m  The following stirring patriotic address was delivered by  Rev. A. K. MacLennan, D.D., pastor of St. Andrew's Presbyterian  church, Nanaimo, at the opening  of a patriotic concert recently  given in that city:  "One year ago the fiery summons went forth from the heart  of Britain calling all loyal citizens to  gather around the flag  which is synonymous and emblematic of the truest liberty    the  world has ever seen- On this day  the  armaments  of  the   greatest  civilized   nations   of.   the   world  plunged into the most deadly conflict of the world's history. The  empire has been and still is imperilled,  but  Britain's    subjects  have fought and will fight.     It  is   an   extreme   moment   in  our  history   and  in  such   extremity  there is no choice. The Lord of  Slaughter and Frightfulness has  issued   the   call   too,   and   the  .heartiest response came from the  Dual  Monarchy. Thousands and  hundreds of thousands of    well  equipped men prepared by forty  years   training  gathered  around  him. Science has been made the  remorseless enemy of mankind by  ��������� German' kultur.   It has destroyed all the simplicity and gentleness   of   life   and   marring   the  beauty of the world.   It has restored barbarism under a( mask of  civilization   and   has    darkened  men's,minds and hardened their  . hearts. It has brought in a time  of great conflicts before    which  these pale into insignificance the  thousands of wars of old, and it  may yet overwhelm all the labor-  ( ious   advances   of   mankind   in  blood-drenched chaos. In this crisis England began to gather her  .children  about her.  They came  from all quarters of the globe.  Her nobles, often accused of leading luxurious lives and of indifference  to  social  injustice,  put  their lives in her hands, not only  - with alacrity but with glowing  enthusiasm. Even the races   that  have been subject to her, rallied  about her and never in her long  history,  full  of peril  and vie  issitude has. Britain and her col  onies shown a more heroic spirit  than in  this   day  when  she  is  fighting for her life.  "The. monument at the Pass of  Thermopylae  bore   this  inscription: 'Go, stranger, and tell Lace-  daemonia tbat we died for our  country and in obedience to her  laws.' The memory of her heroic  deeds and of her heroic men lives  in immortal    freshness    though  the names have not been recorded, and so rightly will our heroes who have come from every  eity and town and village and  hamlet and rural district in Brit-,  ain and Canada tho' they may  nflAH  avsrav fiwin' .m.w oJ-1,* i_  j._.j_ '  awful war, they will live in our  memory in immortal freshness. It  is well to get the act thoroughly  grounded in our memories that  Europe has not  been convulsed  by a mere quarrel over so many  leagues of territory and so many  millions of treasure. No, we have  taken sides in a far more awful  conflict,   the   conflict   of   hostile  ideas which admit of. no possible  compromise until the pernicious  effects   of   Germany's   damnable  doctrine will be wiped from the  face of the  earth*   German  victory would mean the triumph in  Europe   of  brute   force.   Before  permitting that it is our duty to  fight without  thinking of what  may befall us. To give up fighting now would be to give up and  betray our past,  our ideal, our  holy vocation. We must hurl defiance against the hateful    challenge of Germany. We must not  listen at this stage of the conflict to the friendly advocates of  peace. We cannot be lured by the  favorite formula about the sac-  redness of business life. There is  a    cardinal    fallacy    concealed  in this formula. There are many  things which are more sacred to  me than my life. My loyalty to  Christ is infinitely more sacred*  The authority of truth is more  sacred.  The  moral,  the intellectual, yes, and the well being of  my fellow men must-be more sacred to me than life.  It. is not  man's life that is sacred, but, man  himself and if for the maintenance of the true worth and dignity of man it is necessary that  life should be surrendered it must  be surrendered without shirking.  Surely  it  would  be  a   grievous,  calamity to the world if Britain1!  did not arm in this conflict. We  welcome all comers to our shores  and  give   them   free   citizenship  and we govern these great Dominions imperially. The title 'British Empire' could be replaced by  another,  viz., "British  Commonwealth' all divisions of which are  loyal to the British throne and  continuity   of   British   political  life while each of them is self-  governing. We all speak of Britain as home, and when tbe awful news of the outbreak of war  flashed along the cables a year  ago the home love and loyalty of  all British subjects came up to a  passion of enthusiasm and all her  colonies sent tbe flower of their  youth to help the British cause  which tbey recognized as their  own cause*  ^sxmmm^mmmmMmmsMmmjmmjsmiMmLjmmm^  Trout FiBhing���������Daisy Lake���������P.  G. By.  Obeakamus Canyon���������Farther Upstream tbe Line Crosses the Canyon Over a  High Bridge-���������P. G. E, Battway  Phone Seymour 8171  ALONG "THE WONDER WAY."  pass away from our sight in this' won't let me tiy for a record  How many pancakes do you  suppose you could eat at a sitting? was asked of little Tommy.  I don't know, was- the answer,  the most I ever had a chance to  eat   was   twenty-four,  "0-J__x Means   Quigley   grand  Sweater Coats.  "Q. 3." Means  Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B." Means "|fla<Je in B. 0."  by White Bejp.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., JLtc|.  Bonnie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta  and Feed Store  1647 Main Street  Our Specialty  Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables  Free City  Delivery  Phone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver, B  &  " Pride of the West"  " BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By;   yX;:.  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money.''  J  New railroads invariably mean  new opportunities, and never  more so than in the case of the  Pacific Great Eastern, which will  eventually connect Vancouver  with Prince George and thus by  way of the Grand Trunk Pacific  railroad to the Atlantic ocean.  The 469 miles between Vancouver and Prince George presents opportunities in almost  every known activity, both for  pleasure and business.  The principal section of the  line now in operation is between  Squamish aud Lillooet���������a distance of 120 miles. Squamish is  reached daily from Vancouver  by boats of the Terminal Steamship Co.  From the sightseer's viewpoint  it is doubtful whether on a thousand miles of any other railroad  there is such a wealth and variety of natural'beauty to be viewed from the car window, as on  this 120-mile stretch of P. G. E.  track.  From sea level to varying altitudes up to 2,000 feet, passing,  rugged,   snow-capped  mountains  and   fertile -valleys   (settled   to  some,  extent   for   many   years)  winding through mighty canyons  and gorges, past wondrous rock  effects carved by the waters of  bygone ages; alongside turbulent  mountain streams, often ending  in  waterfalls  of  crystal  loveliness;   on   the  shores   of  placid  lakes that are teeming with trout,  through forests of giant timber,  where lurks the game that hunters seek-as well as wealth for  logger and miner���������the vision of  the traveller is rapidly changed  from scene to  scene,  each embodying some new feature and  awakening some new interest, all  thoroughly  enjoyed  and  appreciated because.of the closeness of  the object���������often but a few feet  distant,          _ _  Lower Nairn, or "Green.  River" Falls, beside affording a]  most interesting sight about 100  feet from the track, also possesses commercial possibilities. Approximately 25,000 h.p. can be  developed. Distant 40 miles from  tidewater at Squamish.  The available timber found  along the line is representative of  the best British Columbia can  uroduce, and the conveniences  for exploitation are ideal in every  respect.  Much might be said about the  mineral resources, which are now  being developed on a constantly  increasing scale. Gold, Silver, copper, antimony and some platinum  are in evidence, copper being most  represented.  While the pleasure seeker finds  so���������much to revel in, it must be  said that the visitor who regards  fishing as the basis of a vacation, can find= good sport at almost any point along the line.  Anderson and Seton Lakes have  yielded trout weighing in excess  of 15 pounds each.  As the hunting season is fast  approaching to 4the hunter and  sportsma,n this country offers possibilities of the greatest interest  and of a variety absolutely unequalled. -  Beyond Lillooet, and within a  distance of 75 miles, big game  is plentiful.  Between Squamish and the  town of Lillooet, on both sides .of  the railroad, lies a stretch of  country undoubtedly sheltering  much game, but until definite  knowledge is obtained through  pioneer hunting (particularly as  to means of "getting in"), it  will be wise for the average  hunter"'to use Lillooet as a base  cellent "camp" resort, and also  stores where all or any part of  an outfit may be obtained. Most  of the guides make this town  headquarters.  Operating from Lillooet, it is  possible for the inexperienced as  well as the experienced hunter,  to secure any of the many varieties of animals found in the  district, but the most satisfactory  plan is to secure the services of  a guide who knows the country  thoroughly, and therefore in a  position to lead to almost certain  lairs and thus assure a trophy.  The known haunts of most of  these animals are within 20 miles  of Lillooet town/and extend for  many miles in all dirctions. Auto  roads reach within five miles of  favorable hunting grounds on  both Cayoosh Creek and Pavilion Mountain, while the center of  the "Big Horn" country can  also be reached by an 18 mile  auto ride from Shalalth (on the  railroad 15 miles south of Lillooet) giving excellent opportunities to the man whose time is  limited.  After leaving the town it is necessary to live under canvas, which  is no disadvantage since the climate is so delightful.  From the standpoint of "packing" although the mountains rise  to 11,000 feet, they are not rough  enough to prevent horses being  taken close to summits.  There are no poisonous insects  or reptiles in the mountains, and  any mosquitoes or flies there may  be in the valleys do not last  long and are always gone by the  hunting season. Good water is  obtainable at all times.  Practically every mile of the  one hundred and twenty between  these points brings into view a  new and original picture, embracing indescribable magnificence jn every imaginable form of  natural'' grandeur.  Snow capped mountains dotted  with glistening   glaciers.   Trickling streams and mighty torrents  ���������now within a few feet of the  track���������in a short while hundreds  of feet below, madly dashing between  the  walls  of spectacular  canyons. .Rich meadows and forests of virgin timber. Lakes���������tiny  and fascinating���������some, miles   in  length   with   majestic   settings.  Waterfalls���������dainty   and   ribbonlike,   others   plunging   in   great  volume against massive rocks and  boulders, driving spray high into  the air; the scenic marvels of the  world duplicated and surpassed,  and  concentrated  in   one   small,  section of mother earth, and. all j  visible   from   the   car   window,  without craning one's neck or us  ing   binoculars.  "The Wonder Way" is indeed  a mild term to apply to scenic  conditions such as penetrated by  the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.  While the road is still being  operated by the construction department, first-class modern passenger coaches are in use, and  the trip can be made in pleasure  and comfort. Leaving Vancouver  at 9 a.m. and Squamish 12 noon,  f-Lillooet is reached at 8 p.m. The  return trip is made on a similar  schedule���������thus the round trip occupies two days.  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST. VANCOUVER, B.������.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and  Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  Campbell-Gordon Co., Limited  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.,  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942. 1210 Homer Street  White    Horse    overtakes    them)  while they are panting from unwilling exertion.  They are compelled in old age  to do detail work in competition  with young men of a new generation who are full of hope.  No blushing Aurora infuses  strength and, vigor into the  blood of. an old man driven to  work. His eyes are not turned  toward the east and he knows  that victory can scarcely reach  him before the reaper does.  Even if a young man has no  higher ambition than to escape  work, he should put forth every  effort of body and mind between fifteen and thirty.  The human insect who expects  to get by for sixty years with-,  out doing any useful work is ei-|  ther a fool or the son of a millionaire; which is usually another way of saying the same  thing.  Every man not in the class just  mentioned is compelled by circumstances to"work" either at" one  end of his life or the other, and  the wise men work at both* '  .If a man spends the first thirty  years of his life learning how to  render the world a useful service he is training himself in the  way he should go, and when he  is old he will not depart from  it.  Misspent youth is followed by  years of joyless labor���������for enforced service is slavery, and the  "BOUGH  rats,   mice,  ON  RATS"   clears   out]  ,   etc.   Don't   die   in   the'  bouse. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. tJt.  ���������^���������WW*Pwl*f  Ottawa, Canada  ?������IN0LB  & OUTBJU.I!  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departments!  Agents, Board of .Railway Commissioner*  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Cltiseo Building, Ottawa.  >  peon never sings at his work.  Late in the fall, in the days of  Aesop, the Ants handed out some  information to the Grasshoppers  that was worth a million dollars  a, word. "You have fiddled and  danced all summer,"' said the  Ants, "while we have been storing up grain and building houses  for the winter. Now you must  pay the fiddler.  There are two good hotels, an ex- \  THE SHIRK  HORSESHOE BAY  *        (Near Whytecliff Station)  PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY  # . ���������   ���������    ���������  A Beautiful Ride. (  Splendid Picnic Park.  Bathing Beach and Bath House.  Swings, etc.. for the Kiddies.  Smooth Water for Boating.  The Best Place to Catch Sea-Trout.  *   *   ���������   ���������  The man who shirks in youth  must work hard in old' agefl  .Ordinarily, successful men prefer to work hard in youth.  Most of the lovers of Oster-  moor are compelled to work hard  af.t_r the energy of youth is  spent;   and   the   Rider   of   the  There is always "something doing" at Horseshoe  Bay.   Take the children before school opens.  -*, Round Trip Adult Fare  FIFTY CENTS  M  I 'i'-"!  >   ,.    J     J     L       '  1       ,  Friday, August 20, 1915.  NOTES BY THE WAY  By W. A. Ellis  "Taking them  man  for man  the British  soldier  is  equal to  I any German."���������Sir Robert Borden, Guildhall.  "One Canadian is equal to five  Germans." ��������� Sir   Richard   Mc-  P Bride, N. Vancouver.  The Prime Minister of Canada  and the Prime Minister of British Columbia have both had the  opportunity of visiting the front.  The one was speaking in London, and the other in North Vancouver. What did you sayt  Warm to-day, rather!  ���������   ���������  The Pull Tide of Happineei  Just before the battle of the  Nile Captain Trowbridge had the  bad fortune to get his ship, the  three-decker Culloden, ashore on  a shoal,, and took no part in the  action because he could not float  bis vessel in time. Nelson, in his  report to the admiralty on the  action, referred sadly to the Culloden 's hard luck: "Her misfortune in getting aground," he  wrote, "was indeed great, which  forced her to remain hard and  fast whilst her more fortunate  companions were in the full tide  of happiness."  ��������� ���������   ���������  A Hint to Croakers  Short or long, we bave to see  this war through, and we are going to do so* A smile just now  is worth a torrent of tears when  a nation is at war. I am sick of  listening to lamentations. "I told  you so," "This war will last ten  years", and all this rot.  When I read the lamentations  of Jeremiah I wonder that the  old time Jews did not dump him  down a well and drop the lid  on. Stop croaking. Keep smiling.  Britain has got to win.  ��������� ���������   ���������  ' Germany had 28 - submarines  and 12 more under construction  when the war broke out. These  probably have been finished with,  say about 20 more by this time.  This would give her 60. Take  away quite 30 that the British  admiralty know about and you  have 30'left- One ~"eroaker"told  me the other day that Germany  was turning out one submarine  a week. I doubt it. Rush time  will not produce a submarine in  less than eight months. At any  rate if Germany builds one a  week and loses two, there's nothing to croak about is there!  ��������� ���������   ���������  One German soldier whose brother is a sausage maker in Berlin, sent the following telegram  to his relative after the fall of  Warsaw: "It is of no use yonr  thinking to start business here,  there is not even a dog left."  Nothing to croak about in that is  there?  ��������� ���������   ���������  There are seven, and only seven, functions which a fleet can  perform.  It may drive the enemy's commerce off the sea.  It may protect its own commerce.  It may render the enemy's fleet  impotent  .  It may make the transport of  enemy troops across the seas impossible, whether for attack or  defence.  It may transport its own troops  where it will-  It may secure their supplies,  and the supplies of the nation,  and in fitting circumstances, it  may assist their operations.  All these functions have so far  been successfully performed by  the British fleet.  Nothing to croak about here is  there t  ��������� ���������   ���������  At the commencement of the  war our army stood at 400,000;  to-day it stands at 3,000,000 and  men coming in every day. ���������'   <-  This -war has proved that instead of deteriorating the "nation of shop-keepers" are just as  able to look after themselves as  they were one hundred years  ago. We have lost a few men  in battle, and a few ships have  gone below. Germany has lost  her entire colonial possessions  -Egypt finds the crescent replaced  by the Union Jack. We are creeping along the Red Sea and doing  well in" the Dardanelles. * _ "  Nothing to croak about- here,  is   there? _ * *  ��������� ������   ���������  London -vt^as to have been  burnt to the ground by zeppelins.  Instead of that we know of five  of these great dirigibles being  destroyed themselves* Beyond  murdering a few poor women and  children they have accomplished  nothing.  Nothing to. croak about here is  theref  ��������� ���������   ���������  Stop croaking. If all others  are wiped out Britain will be  left in at the finish, thinned out  it may be, but still capable of  holding her own against all corn-  era���������simply    because    IT   HAS  GOT TO BE.  ��������� ���������   ���������   ,  On July 27th, Paris; reports,  "Fall of Gorizia is only a matter  of hours." Of course it is���������but  how many hours?  EDUCATION SAID TO  BE REMEDY FOB WAR  V;   C*V*  SYNOPSIS   O?   COAL  HWJNO  R50ULATJONS  Coal mining rights of the Domin-  on, ia Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, tho Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province ot British Columbia, may be leased tot a term of  twenty-one yeara at an annual rental  of $1 an acre. Not more than 2,560  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application for a 'lease must be  made by tbe applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant "himself.--   Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at tbe  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating tbe mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include th_ ceal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever avail-  ; able surface rights may be considered  necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot-  the Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  , W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized    publication    of  this advertisement'will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  PHONE SEYMOUR 9080  &fr. -"������_y__y  \ZSRSES' "'Tg������sZ*  The Rainy Pay  is ahead of everyone of us, perhaps even YOU. Are you preparing to meet it by systematically saving?  - Begin To-Pay   One modest Dollar will open an  Account.  Then Continue Weekly  We pay 4 per cent, interest on  Deposits, subject to cheque credited monthly.  Oow, fraser Trast Co.  122 Hastings St. West  McKay Station, Burnaby  P.T.PARIS  TBE  SHOE REPAIR  MAN  has removed from  Gor. 7th and Main to  2440 Main Street. Netur Broadway  Bring  yonr   Repair - Work   here  and get a free pass, to the Bro:t-i-  way Theatre  The United States government  informed that of Austria that  "they will not forbid munition  exports." U. S. of America will  refuse nothing that helps it obtain the dollar.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Someone told me recently  that W. J* Bryan was going  around with the hat for Billy  Sunday.  Nothing  to  er���������excuse  me!  ��������� ���������   ���������  'A deputation of the members  of the "chamber of horrors"  awaited upon Madame Taussaud  on Tuesday last to protest  against the proposed war effigy  of Wilhelm of Hohenzqllern being placed amongst them.  ��������� ���������   ���������  A Tremendous Surprise  I am not referring .to German  airships���������though these are by no  means a negligible quality for  destruction, in spite of the re  suits hitherto achieved by them  being so ve^y poor, but to their  big guns���������which have sprung  upon us another tremendous sur-  Erise, one of the greatest per-  aps throughout the war. Tbe  shells which fall on Dunkirk  now very often, did not as at  first supposed, come from battle  ships or from the clouds, but  from the bellies of the big gUns  in position somewhere on or near  the Belgium coast���������from West-  ende to Dixmude���������at a distance  of from 20 to 23 miles. Now, if  the Germans can throw a shell  weighing one ton from Dixmude  to Dunkirk, it stands to reason  it will be equally possible for  them to shell Dover from Calais.  No wonder the news agencies  couldn't at first credit such a  thing���������though there must have  been something wrong with the  first official announcements on  the subject���������and took it upon  themselves to_ put -the .matter  right by announcing that a portion of the German high seas  fleet from Wilhelmshaven, 3.30  miles distant, had broken  through the "walls of Jellicoe"  even as Joshua once did the walls  of Jericho, with the object of  reducing Dunkirk and all its immense stores of military materi  al to the last sad state of Sodom  and Gomorrah. Anyhow, the  moral for us is that tbe Germane have proved themselves to  be the possessors of guns which  can throw shells from Calais to  Dover which is a reason more  potent than any others why we  should never allow them on any  account to get to Calais.  We all sincerely hope that the  wounds of Lieut- Col. Victor Odium are but slight and that this  gallant officer will soon be again  at the head of the 7th battalion  which he commands.  At the opening meeting of the  National Education Association at  Oakland, Cal-, last week 16,000  delegates listened to a denunciation of warfare by David Starr  Jordan, president of the'Association and Chancellor of Stanford  University.  "Military necessity is always a  coward, but never more so than  in the war today," he said: "Victory is supposed to go to the nation that strikes below the belt,  and that strikes hardest at the  real victims of war���������the women  and children that can not strike  back."  "We are proud to be here," he  said. "In the belief that we represent a grand army of the republic, which is more powerful to  save than all the millions of loyal  soldiers which, led by the spirit  of militarism, are marching to destruction and death.  "May every teacher in attendance at this congress return to  his or her work with a lighter  heart and a clearer vision of duty.  "War is always the destroyer.  It is comparable to a .great lava  flow, laying desolate the fertile  fields, branching in every direction, scorching all vegetation,  weeds with the flowers, thistles  with the fruits and leaving a  trail of evil riot removed for  years or centuries.  "Peace is the interval between  wars, a pale negation, the period  of fattening for the great struggle which decides the fate of na*-  tions."  *  Woman's love for martial music and the trappings of war was  given some blame for the European war by Mrs* Phillip Snow-  den, wife of a member of the  British parliament, in an address  on "Women and the War."  "Education is the remedy for  war and for all social, industrial  and political conditions, which  make for war," she said.  "They tell us they don't make  war on women, but that the war  is for the women.  "My God I How can they tell  us that when they are killing our  men? You cannot fight for women when you kill their men.  ^X^TX  r   r  -f -r    jTte<gV.  Jos. H. Bowman  910-11  Seymour Street  ki.iL...  M'    V<  x  Vancou ver, B. C.  x~.i-V.4 '  V * As* j. ������* ���������  i~ ., -XiV.'  i. *  \.  .;   (������*��������� i  ** Xy 'v  .<}.  TX>  ,vX  Telephone: North Vancouver 108  <c     >  x -  ������1  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  SHIP BUILDERS-SOOW&-REPAIES  MABINE RAILWAY  North Vancouver,' B. O.  '���������<   rJ   *X\  %'���������   r-i jy   *  .'    XX-H >  X'S- <   X  ,"'4J.',*'^,J  . (���������*������������������������*> aJ&J&.b  -v-i-' "k    s***i/>\ "j  Sfsft   -XS|  <*������> Is. I  A *���������: -w:^.  t T      .    ?L,.t\      J.3*-! I  V - <���������������,. X .4 A  n-X'-it-,?'  V AX  './}'5>X  x.������xJ  )/3pm  . ^X< * ^P  > u   "* i-     ".I'l]  1 ?H-V-  OANADA'8 WAB DEBT  Canada has not dealt in billions of dollars and millions of  men, but Canada has, nevertheless, made commensurate war  sacrifices in money, suffering and  blood. All the world has stood  ready with ambitions imaginations for any suggestion from the  European chancellorsies and applauded unstintedly when the  complete successes of the billion  dollar loans have been announced  but Canada and its patriotic offerings, under the most peculiar  circumstances, have scant notice.  Even her American neighbors  seem to have forgotten that'bigness, of spirit is as moving aa  bigness of numbers.  The temper of the Canadian  soldier has already been proven  and approved in .the theatre of  1 s**rM liCk j  for slaughter the flower of -tbi^!-A-Mm  manhood of the country are highly idealistic* Prance, England, and  even Belgium,are fighting', and  making sacrifices���������-but no greater  sacrifices in proportion-Huo. tlie  midst of a struggle that actually:  threatens their existence, hot  Canada is giving lavishly of her  best blood and .money without  any thought that physically, at  least, she is in danger from the  Teuton. Both life and money are >  more precious, too, to a country  just entering upon a period of nar,  tional development. -��������� ���������'.  Canada is giving humanity one  of the real returns of affright**'  ful war.   It is the triumph-of;  the purest patriotism and,  fish devotion toHhe���������mother.������yiHv*>,������  try.���������Chicago Tribune.     'XSX >^  :H,   ***  ���������-X.   X^-i  X; XX^Vif  1 ^ .**  "It is possibly our own fault  this war. We must admit that.  We-love the uniform. We women  affect militaoy styles in clothing  and we even allow our children  to dress in a military fashion.  "We must have less admiration  for the uniform and more hate  for war.  "I want to tell you women it  is not the glory of the marching  host to martial music, the regiments in all their military smartness and finery, that tells; it is  not the roar of the cannon and  the rattle of the rifles on the battlefield or the daring ���������deed of  valor performed under fire of the  enemy, that counts*  "I'll tell you what counts.  "It's the period after the battle when the countless sons of  women are calling for their  mothers.--   "Let us make it impossible for  such things ever to happen again.  We women must do it.  "Nothing good has been  achieved by war that could not  have  been  achieved  by peace.  "Nothing beneficial can be  traced to the present bloody conflict that could not be achieved  Ihrough the channels of peace."  The effect of moral training in  French schools as shown by the  conduct of troops in the war, was  discussed by Ferdinand Buisson,  member of the French chamber  of deputies.  "There is, in our opinion," he  said, an A. B. C* of conscience  just as there is an A. B. C. to  science.  "The early teachings of those  primordial elements of morality  is considered by us as not less  indispensable than the teaching  of the elements of language and  calculations for all children."  "    -t ������������������-**_ ,$? Ji������>" "."^sSbp  ,'-?      Ar *   ^'J4   -r������?4*   4. ,V^V<J,PK������.  ���������t-_x_.--  -"u i    A.wMe\*\\.\VMy^  war, but the same bravery ofjised in Saskatchewan for  ^  the   home people in facing a r������-1 enforcement of the  pidly rising public debt haa kadi Act by Major Snider, wjw*  a much less spectacular settling.  During June alone tbere waa an  increase of no less than $17,970,-  000, and the increase in tbe past  twelve months has been $130,-  906,086, making the total net  debt $450,287,721, or nearly $60  per head for a young government. These secrifices made at a  critical period of Canada's life  for a war across the seas, calling for stamp taxes and increased tariffs, in addition to exposing  here on Wednesday Un������V    ......  Snider haa had an extensive ������h  perience with the Royal N������#j  west Mounted Police.  "Can you give me a definite  team  wins,  but  I don't  anybody like that."  *    r0������W  St liowUnf for  tbe flag it yoa pw  f������r bnpoittfl to  bonuMMO* fooflf."  ������������������Tbt Daily *tto-  dnc������, July 99*   It would he tbe  height of folly aa  well as selfish and  unpatriotic for us  to gay:  Practical Patriotism  aa Practised hy  P rodent Persons  K&J3L  'l'$rl������S  i?-*y  m  US15 ������0 VAL 8TANDAW) WLOV%\  because it is made in British Columbia and ita industry  gives daily support to over a hundred Britiah Colombia  workmen and weir families, if this were our only claim.  But this fine family flour, made from the pick of Manitoba's great wheat crop, is Superior to the Other Flours  of Foreign Manufacture. We say so because we ourselves  have tested it from every possible baking standpoint in  comparison with these other foreign flours. And we ask  you to test it at our expense.  OBDBB A SACK OF B07AL  STANDABD FLOTJB TODAY  Use it as you would the flour to which you have been accustomed. If it does not give results far superior���������if you  are in any way dissatisfied-���������your dealer will refund yon  the full purchase price.  Vancouver Milling & Grain Co. Limited  Vancouver      Victoria      New Westminster      Nanaimo  ,/'  Cheakamus River���������Mount Garibaldi in Background���������P. G. E. By.  Timber Along Line of P. G. E.  Custom Shoe Eepairing P. PAEIS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE GO.  BEST SHOE KEPAIBING IN THE CTT  Work  Done  While. You  Wait  Work Called for and Delivered  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' and any Kind of Special Shoes Made  .'to Order.;  64 HASTINGS STREET W.   Next Columbia  Theatre  Phone:   Seymour  1770. VANCOUVER,  B.  C. ���������������naar  jta  ti&HutA.*. ltfJ-_ma*.HfMM.1. Jhmr.  ������i.mn  /i->v������rr--^������r-'������������������ ���������  CALL  IS.--'  if, J*vi  IX X  It", y.  "������������������"-'    ���������  X if *��������� ",  ���������cvi'  \ff  ���������- ���������"* *_.   ;   ^  ������X  THE WESTERN CALL  II.  H.  STEVENS,  M.  P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  IX'���������  ���������. - ( ���������  ft"-  X'i  IX ���������'  N  OUTLOOK IS SATISFACTORY  CESSATION OP THE WAR in Europe will  mean an enormous demand for the lumber  products of the northwest and will make  necessary greatly increased shipping facilities  if utter paralization of the industry- is to be  avoided.  There is at present a demand for lumber in  Europe that is greater than can be supplied  with the existing transportation facilities.  There are hundreds of shipwrights and carpenters out of work in the Vancouvers. m What  is required is men of enterprise and capital to  utilize the surplus labor and surplus lumber  in the .construction of ships to be ready for the  big demand that is sure to follow the war.  Not only are Great Britain's financial resources unimpaired after twelve months of war,  but the nation can continue to meet her' own  expenses and also provide loans to her allies  out of income, and not out of capital, while on  the other hand, Germany has little or no accumulated wealth available to prosecute the  ���������war.  This is the- conclusion of Sir George Paish,  . the famous economist and editor of the Lon-  , don Statist,' in. a lengthy financial review of the  first year of the great conflict as reported by  a special   London correspondent   of   the   New  York World.  .   All the available evidence, he says,  shows  that Great Britain after a full twelve months  df war is just as wealthy   and just as well off  as she was .before the war began, and that she  has met the full cost of the war out of the  money she would otherwise have saved, out of  'extra savings, and out of an increased income.  ,  In the past century the income of the British  people per head of population has increased five  fold, and within the last half, century it has  more than doubled.   Moreover, the great war  expenditures now being made  are  increasing  the incomes of nearly every individual in the  country.  The aggregate income of the nation when, regarded as the total of. all the incomes of all  tbe individuals composing the nation has increased sboutw20 per cent, since the war began.  Tbis means that if the whole nation will save  a third of its greater income instead of a sixth  of its smaller one, not only will the whole of  out own war expenses be met,, but we shall  provide loans, to our allies out of income and  not ont of capital.  ;   CTOTR-MAy S.1KP FOB S. 0*  ; ym BRITISH APWRALTY have agreed to  turn over *to the British Columbia government, for one Voyage from tlie coast to tbe  United Kingdom, the steamer "Grahamland,"  now at the Falkland Islands. The "Grahamland" has an interesting history, having been,  until the destruction of Admiral von Spee's  -squadron, -the -German- collier-"Josephena,"  when she surrendered to one of the British  warships.  The ship" was offered through the Agent-General, to the British Columbia Government for  the transport of a lumber cargo to the United  Kingdom, not necessarily for admiralty purposes,  and this being so, all timber shippers were no-  Friday, August 20, 1915.fr  tified and asked to make offers for the vessel,  the amount of. the charter being- ������6,600. The  bid of the Cameron Lumber Company, of Victoria, was' accepted, and the "Grahamland"  is expected to arrive for August loading. Her  capacity is given as 550 standards equal to  1,100,000. feet, and the securing of such a vessel  at a time when tonnage is scarce by a British  Columbia firm even at such a high figure is a  matter for congratulation. It is hoped that the  "Grahamland*' will not be the last of the captured or interned German ships to be utilized  in the lumber carrying trade from Canada.  TIMBER REPORT  Some interesting items are recorded in reports recently received by the Hon. the Minister  of Lands, upon conditions in the Cranbrook  district. Crop prospects and favorable weather  give every hope that the prairie demand for  lumber this fall will,be good, especially as present stocks in the 'prairie yards are light." The  amount of current business done by the mills  is showing some increase, and it is estimated  that there are from 900 to 1000 men engaged  nt tho present time in the lumber industry in  the district. With a scarcity of labor, owing to  the temporary withdrawal of men to work as  harvesters, the rate of wages shows a tendency  to increase for the time being. One of the larger orders now being filled by the mills at present is composed of grain doors, one mill alone  having an order which will consume one and a  half million feet of. lumber, another mill having  a still larger order, and a third turning out  considerable quantities of the same article. A  timbar sale area containing thrcs and a half million feet of timber has been recently applied  for, and cruised. The steps which are being  taken to develop the prairie demand for British  Columbia lumber have naturally given rise to  much interest in a district whose mills depend  so largely upon prairie orders, and favorable  comment has been expressed upon the action  taken by the government.  The fire hazard in this district gives cause for  anxiety, especially as no rain has fallen siribe  July 28, and'the prevailing hot and dry weather  is ripening vegetation to a dangerous degree.  Fires so far have been easily controlled, but  unless rain falls soon, the situation will be  fraught with much danger. It is hoped to burn  further areas of slash as soon as the weather  permits this to be done without undue risks  being taken, and so reduce a source of trouble  and difficulty.  OPTIMISM  An order in council has been issued in London forbidding the exportation of coal and coke,  except to British possessions and protectorates.  The export of coal heretofore has been restricted  to the British possessions and to countries which  are allies of Great Britain. The new ruling eliminates all the allies.  The housewives of Berlin were officially notified on July 31st that all copper, brass and nickel  utensils were confiscated for the armies. It was  nddpd that thereafter the selling, exchanging or  HisnosaJ by other means of any such articles was  forbidden under severe penalties.  , ��������� A sworn affidavit, produced in court in London last week during the hearing of the meat  cases before a British prize court, gave an estimate by Major Eric Dillon, a member of the  pritish General Staff, which he says is approximately > correct, showing that the' number of  "e--sciis serving in the German army and under  tlie control of German military authority acrirre-  Salcs  10,000,000.  .'A statute of. Bismarck, weighing 000 pounds,  hr.s bre.n brought to Moscow Nby the Russians. It  4 v as taken on the Kaiser's estate in East Prus-  r.ia and since has been kept in the Baltic provinces.  -  The Rev. Dr. John Scrimger, principal for  eleven years of the Montreal Presbyterian College, died suddenly at his summer residence in  Tiic, Que, on August 6th, aged 66 years. The  Principal was one of the strongest advocates  -Tor church union which, has been so long discussed in Presbyterian councils and throughout  Canada.  Editor Western Call:  Many opinions are given as to  the termination of the war and  as to the general prospects thereafter. And to the many that can  see nothingbut blue ruin I would  like to advance some of the likely  after effects and my reasons for  so doing. To begin with no doubt  the effects of the war so far has  practically upset all calculations  in every resect financially and  otherwise, but I venture to say  that the time is coming when  the Dominions will enjoy the  groatest prosperity ever known as  soon as hostilities cease, and the  final settlement is arranged, and I  believe it will be brought about  in this manner by Great Britain  abandoning her free trade policy  and placing a duty on all im-  norts and giving free trade within the empire. If such a duty  was imposed by ' Great Britain  *s was placed against Canada at  the end of the Civil War by the  United States, the benefit to Can-  oda, and' I might say to British  Columbia in particular, could  hardly be calculated at the moment.  This would have the effect of  an enormous amount of capital  being brought in to manufacture  our raw material, of which we  have   an   abundance.   Not   only  European money, but also from  the United States, which would  mean for Vancouver prosperity of  a substantial nature.   This   also  would end the German and Aus-:  trian nations from flooding England as it has for the last forty  years. Through the generosity of  Great Britain    with free    trade  Germany  and   Austria   captured  many  of  the   manufactures- by-  flooding  the Empire  with  spies  posing as manufacturing agents  and are now using this capital  against us i nthe shape of guns  and   munitions    of.   war. What  would be the result of free trade  for   Canada   with   the   Mother  Coimtry (-Great   Britain),    and  more especially for Vancouver?  We would have the busiest harbor on  the Pacific  shipping to  Russia and the far east. With a  free trade policy within the empire it would mean factories in  British Columbia for lines that  we cannot   compete   with   now  against Germany and other neutral countries. No doubt    there  would be some opposition to free  trade for British made goods es-  necially   by   the   manufacturers'  association that has been pampered by a. high tariff to the  extent   of   becoming* multi-millionaires.  But  though  the   consumer sees very little difference  in prices between the goods made  in  Canada nnd the American   article after the duty is paid, the  duty certainly does not go into  the pockets of tbe consumer. For  instance, if there was a 25 per  cent,   duty   on  salmon  for  the  English market and the canneries would all be shortly in British Columbia on the Pacific as  that is, I might say, the only  market for the export trade. Alio  after the war there will be enormous quantities of lumber required   for bridges,   railroads   and  building purposes,  not  only  in  England but France, Belgium and  Russia as well.  and ��������� under cultivation would  more than feed the empire. The  Dominion government should be  able to furnish every soldier  with one hundred and sixty to  three hundred and twenty acres  of this land by an arrangement  with Great Britain for a monetary consideration, and thereby  settle up all vacant prairie lands,  as   no   doubt   the  soldiers  will  prefer to strike out for,a new|  country in preference' to returning to their office work at home.L  If any difficulty should arise byl  cheap British manufactured ar-l  ticles to obviate that, I say, raisefl  the standard, of wages at home]  to equal or nearly so of what iti  costs in this country. I would]  say by ..all means have free trade]  within the empire which would]  mean 25,000,000 population in]  Canada in less than twenty-five (  years.  A. M. BEATTIE.  SWIMMING AS EASY AS WALKING  SUMMER PICNIC AT THE CAPILANO CANTON  Now, with free trade within  the empire and preferential rates  with the other powers that have  been engaged in the war, as no  doubt they will have to resort  to a high tariff to raise the war  debt. This would mean our lumber mills with double the number would be busy night and day.  It would mean our railroads  would be supplied with* all they  could do and our shipping at a  premium. It would mean the  north-west wheat lands brought  into cultivation and settlers from  all parts of the world. It would  moan our vacant buildings in  Vancouver filled up and more being built. This would not be a  real estate boom, but would be a  substantial business growth, that  capital would not fight shy of.  This would be a prosperity that  the banks would not'be afraid of  loaning out their money and  nlenty of foreign capital would  be available.  It may be six months or it may  be a year or ^hyo before the tide  of war has turned as it surely  will, then confidence will be immediately restored and the times  be on the upward move an|fl all  business-will be better than were  ever known in the Dominion of  Canada. '  .  J\To doubt after the war Great  Britain will deal generously with  the soldiers . by giving them  grants and pensions. Canada (the  The popular idea that swimming is a dangerous art and  should be shunned, because if  you can swim you'll get in the  water, and if you get in the  water you will probably drown,  is characterized as "rubbish" by  G. H. Corsan, swimming instructor, says the /.;.''Kansas City Star.^  Every year Mr. Corsan travels  around the North American continent-���������his home is in Canada-  giving short courses in swimming  in the larger cities. In the last  five years he has had one month's  vacation. He has taught more  than a hundred thousand; persons how to swim. '!  The way to avoid drowning, according to Mr; Corsan, is to  learn how to swim. Good swimmers don't drown. They might  die of chill or starve to death,  but as for drowning���������pooh! x  V How about cramps, he was asked. Even good swimmers have  cramps, that bugaboo of those  who aren't at home in the water.  His answer was reassuring.  ''Cramps needn't cause a moment's worry. I've seen thousands of good swimmers seized  with cramps and never a one was  drowned. All they did was to,  turn over on their backs and either wait for help or paddle with  their free limbs. I've never heard  of a swimmer having cramps in  both legs and arms. Even then  his case would not be hopeless.  There never was a case of  drowning that was caused by  cramps. That may seem surprising after the countless water tragedies that have been blamed on  cramps. Death in the water is  caused by chill or strangling.  "People strangle to death because they are ignorant of the  proper method of breathing.  When they sink beneath the water they hold their air passages  shut. When they come to  the top they have to breathe  out-the air they've used under  water. As breathing out takes fifty'times as long as breathing in,  they have no time to get a fresh  supply of air before they go under again. This keeps up until  they breathe in under the water  and thus strangle to death.  "The process should be reversed. Breathe in for the second  you are above water, then breathe  out through the nostrils while under the water, andjrou can kgep  it up^w^  the time he was in the water..  Most  of the time  he  kept his  head completely submerged. '  Another point in breathing emphasized by Mr. Corsan is the  way to avoid that disagreeable  experience of getting a mouthful  of water instead of air when the  swimmer encounters short, choppy  waves spray or splashes.'" When  breathing; in, he holds the upper  front "teeth as a sort of curtain.  This is so effective that Mr. Corsan is willing to lie flat on tiis  back and let fifty persons throw  buckets full of water on his face.  Not a drpp will get in his mouth;  he; says.. "XXX. VV V"   X...;;VX-  NOW IS NOT TOE  TIME TO HANG BACK  A knowledge of this reversed pro  cess of breathing would bave  saved hundreds who died when  the" Lusitania " sank.  '���������When you know all the factors in the case you will wonder  how any one ever drowned. Only  a deplorable ignorance can explain it. Look at the buoyancy  of the human body. After the  "Lusitania" tragedy hundreds of  bodies were found floating hours  after they had died. The body  weighs but a few ounces in the  water. What is needed is but a  little common sense, a cool head  and a knowledge of swimming to  keep afloat indefinitely.  "Recently Great Britain started a campaign to teach the methods of life saving. I say, teach  them to swim properly and they  will get better results. Let every  man be his own life saver. "..,/���������  To -swim 'properly,, however; as  Mr.-..Corsan admitted, is different  from mere swimminjg. Many  swimming experts in the past  bave _ drowned. People argued  that if experts drowned, an ordinary swimmer wpuld have no  chance at all. Mr. Corsan explained that they weren't -ex--  perts at all. and when they were  -eized with cramps they lost their  heads;, xiust -lifceX inexperienced  swi>ninersV and wer-e strangled to  rtealb' because they didn't know  howV to breathe properly.  This business of breathing is  very important,-according to Mr.  Coi-saii.:  ; V ,V. .���������      .���������"-..,.. ;���������  'Nice-tenths of swimming is  breathing and movement is only  one-tenth," he says.  .This in spite of the fact that  when he illustrated the Austral-  You say, the war is a long way  off. We do hot hear the great  guns or see the smoke of battle.  But the struggle is on. No matter what might have been; the  call to arms is irresistible; The  loyal Canadian must stand by the  mother country in her desperate  need; he must stand by his own  land.. which is a part of the  British Empire.  Young man, you who are  thinking about the war; dreaming about it, but doing nothing  to end it; your flag would be  trailing in, the dust; your Empire, would be degraded; the Kai-  ster would have been crowned in  London as his ��������� grandfather was  crowned at Versailles, if all the  men who are able to fight were  as slow and incompetent as you  are showing yourself to be.  There is nothing too good for  the soldier. The politicians last  winter were discussing whether  the men at the fron,t should be  allowed to vote, A better topic  for discussion would have* been  whether or not the men who stayed at home should be allowed to  retain the franchise* For all our  hopes are pinned to the King's  uniform.  A learned judge the other day  told the jury that in spite of the  war justice was going on as usual in England, but if the British navy disappeared what would  statesmen, judges, house of parliament and courts of law amount  to ? If our forces are vanquished by land and sea London will'  be as Ninevah and Tyre. So the  ilim^Mioy.fight=inLihisXKait=^il^  return to be the leaders of the  nation. The man with ambition is  killing his future when he hangs  back at this time.  'ast west)  has millions of acres |ian   crawl,   breathing   occupied  of wheat lands in the north-west nearer  one   than nine-tenths  of  OOm, TOIW5B3  By George FxHibnerX  Come, toilers, out of the night!  Know that the sun is shining for  you. That you, ������������������O wonder-beings,  should toil ever for. profit of oth- ���������  ers is like robbing you of sunlight  that is  abundant  for all;  like robbing you of shelter that  is within reach of all. It is like/  locking you from music, art, joy,'  'iCe,^ all.,-.all. within  easy  reach,  did you but cease letting others  order you'r liver.  Come,  toilers,  out of the night!  Come, toilers, out of the night!  Sun and wind and wave hold  oeace. and rest for you���������hold silent great lessons for you. And  for you, Color is touching with  iniinite hands millions of miles  to day ;���������' beauty is sending her  hosts ��������� to the hills, the valleys,  the rocks, the woods, the waters,  lite clouds, and in infinite voices  of music���������for you. For you, Did  you know! Did you know! Come,  toilers, out of ^the night!  Come, toilers, out of the night!  Land in plenty awaits; coal and ���������  coppery oil-and gas, tools and  machinery, schools and houses of  beauty and strength and comfort,'all, all so easily here^ for  you, did you but take hold of  your lives! Did-you know that  these days' passed down to you  .���������nit'.of.-the universe are for you.  For you. And you have no-"right  under the stars to sell them to  others- O joy, joy. Did you but  know,! Come, toilers, out of the  night.'; :���������.���������-"���������''' . ( > ���������  I-   if-     4  tnd^^ugust^OjJBlS.  The B.C. Consumers' League  ���������and Fifty Vancouver Retailers Offer  53 Prizes  For Patriotic Work  Three are cash prizes of $25.00,' $15.00 and.  $10.00. Each of the remaining fifty prizes is  an order on a leading retailer for merchandise  to the value of $5.00.  The prizes will be awarded for obtaining members for the British Columbia Consumers'  League.  There is no fee or charge of any kind connected  with becoming a member. Practically everybody you ask will be glad to join the League,  because all that is required is to sign a card  agreeing to give the preference in buying (price  and quality being equal) to the products, first,  of British Columbia; second, Canada; third,  the British Empire. You will find the pledge  card at the bottom of this space.  Over one thousand of the cards have already  been signed, but the directors of the league  are determined to obtain, within the next two  months -  5000 Members  Competition Will Start July 8  It Will Close September 15tb  With so many prizes, you will have an excellent  opportunity to win one of them. Resides kav-  ing a fine chance to wm  ing a ivork most important to the progress and  welfare of this city and, province. Call at the  office of the League (or write if you live out  of town) for pledge cards,; rujes of the cam-  petition and fuU information.   Then  id  ^Qi&^oryPw  Pro9perity and a Prize  The pledge card i������ as followi:  Realizing the importance bf promoting tbe Industrial and agricultural progress of British Columbia and the Empire, I hereby ask to be enrolled  as a member of the British Columbia Consumers'  League, agreeing to advance the objects of the  League by giving the preference in purchasing  (price and quality being equal, first, to the products, of British Columbia; second, of Canada;  third, of the British Empire.  Name  Address  ��������� * . ��������� ������ ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������'��������� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  ��������� ������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  Come in or write today, or as soon as you can,  for cards and full information. The* above  coupon, signed and brought or mailed to* the  office, will be regarded as -a regular pledge  ckrd. .-Xx.v XX\;;;  B.C. Consumer^ League  183 PENDER STEEET WEST  (INDUSTRIAL BUREAU BUILDING)  PHONE SEY. 4242.        VANCOUVER, B. C.  THE WESTERN  CALL  MATSQUI ROADS OPEN _  TO BIO IMPROVEMENT  Municipality Has All Advantage* Excepting Good, Roads and Byroads t  On July 26th an auto trip around Matsqui municipality was taken by Mr. A.  Limas, ot the Glen Valley Land Company. Mr. G. Z. Smith, a pioneer of the  valley, and The World representative revealed the fact that the majority of roads  in Matsqui could stand considerable improvement in 4 the '-winter would be practically impassable for'automobiles. Mr.  Geo! C. Sutherland in charge of the ear,  in some places, had to make the machine do everything but climb a tree.  While the main trunk roads were in fairly good shape, the. cross- roads and byroads, such as the Jackman road, were  anything but smooth. Gravel scattered  along the highway and left loose without  the application of a roller made travelling very hard and on a portion of the  Town Line road, a short distance from  Patterson road, the highway has been  left in a ploughed-up state.  A Dangerous Stretch  On the road from Clayburn to the  ferry landing off the Fraser opposite  Mission City there are stretches that are  really dangerous, the road flanked on  either side by deep sloughs and swamps  with no protecting rails or. dykes to pre.  vent autos from being plunged into the  mud and water of an uncertain depth.  The free government ferry across- the  Fraser to Mission City proved a fine  accommodation, while the roads of Mission proved far superior to those of Matsqui municipality. From Clayburn to Ab-  botsford the road was in fine condition,  the only thing lacking along this highway being direction posts.  Has   Other  Distinctions  Throughout the entire community  crops were excellent and on every side  the ranchers expressed themselves in a  decidedly optimistic manner. Matsqui municipality can justly claim distinction as  an agricultural district second to none in  the Fraser Valley, 4 bet when it comes to  cross roads and by roads a quite different  story must be written. One thing that  impresses one in this district is the  special care taken in nearly every home  of the flower gardens; also the many new  houses and large barns being erected  would tend to denote an air of prosperity  this being still further exemplified by  the general activity of the numerous lumber mills in the municipality.  Out this out, sign it, and get yonr friends to sign it, and return it to tfa* OaU*   ...  TO THE WBSTEBN CALL: X' V        '  ',r" ;  Please enroll my name as a member of tbe Property Ownars' League, .and proosed -with j . XXx V: ^.  the organization as speedily as possible. J- X J H   ^-v <'  hv^x&xx.  ���������&%- &_' ���������'  - V5>u   _ ,' P-t  Signature  Residence  Occupation  ,  ���������>  r  \  r  t  4  1  ���������*'    i'.        -      '       X'r  J   ,v    j    '    . '   '             ,      '-V"  *               J          X                     >   '  X .  , /X      x x     ���������  &  <    .         -x   - -,   X  t  j                             ���������  '           X                     ."          \                -"                 ]  F^*^<j, , -    *  ^J J=Tr4,'���������>AJ'l  'Tl A>-~-& X**-'  X������ij;s������  -* *r x XX i  X f   1 <\''j i  4- AI  :,-; <jXZ* t"-\  THE VANCOUVER PAIR  HUNTING  BIO  GAME  IN AN  AUTO  Since the days when in some parts of  the world the law required a man to  walk with a red flag in front of a "motor-car" the evolved machine, combined  with good and even bad roads, has created possibilities for the busy man and  comfoft for all in ways comparatively  few people know of. ���������"*���������  How many men are aware that in our  own British Columbia we are in an age  of "Hunting by Auto" for it is a fact  that auto roads reach into the lairs of  big game in several' districts in the province. While an auto cannot be driven to these places from Vancouver direct, recent developments have made it  a simple matter to transport the machine easily and rapidly to those highways leading to the haunts of Big Horn  Sheep, Rocky Mountain Goat, Deer, Bear  and numerous other wild inhabitants of  Central British Columbia.  The Lillooet district, with the town of  Lillooet as a base, is particularly favored with excellent roads leading directly  to several points possessing long and  consistent records of yielding trophies to  t'he sportsman. For instance, one may  travel by auto for approximately ten  miles in the vicinnity of Cayoosh Creek  and, in the course of the. journey for  many years past, considerable game has  been secured. From the ��������� same starting point it is possible to take a car  for twenty-five miles right into the heart  of _ sporting activity V on Pavilion Mountain. Many fine specimens have been re-  Igularlj^obtaihl^  ity and there is every reason for the  hunting motorist to hope that he will not  be disappointed in having an opportunity  to hit more than one animal within a  very short distance 'from where it iB  necessary to leave the auto.    X  Of course, it must not bis supposed that  a good bag can be obtained .shooting  from the tonneau, but to the man with  limited leisure and who in the past has  had to forego a hunting trip for ���������this  reason, hunting by auto will prove of in.  estimable value since the time saved  in reaching a rendezvous will often prove  sufficient to secure the game, desired.  But' perhaps the best illustration of  how useful the automobile can be to  sportsmen in the Lillooet District is in  connection with the "Big Horn." What  is known as Jones' Place on the Big  Horn is undoubtedly one of the finest all-  round hunting centres in Western America,- and for years past many parties  hffve gone out from Lillooet to make the  site of Mr. Jones' residence headquarters. By pack train this was a four  days' journey; now it is possible to travel by the Pacific Great Eastern Railway to Shalalth, about 15 miles south  of Lillooet, and from there, motor over  an excellent road for over 50 miles into  the -Bridge   River   country.  Splendid fair weather all this  week has been a great boon to  ihe directors and management of  the Vancouver exhibition at Hastings park, and large crowds have  taken in the fair every day.  As usual, the exhibits in the  many industrial classes are well  up to the mark of former years  and in a number of cases surpass the most sanguine expectations of visitors at the exhibition.  The Industrial building is full  of splendidly arranged exhibits  and from appearances it is quite  evident that the B. G. Consumers'  League is doing a good work in  their "Made in B. C." campaign.  The fine arts building is the  centre of attraction/housing as it  does, exceptionally fine exhibits  of. oil paintings, photography,  fancy needlework, and manual  training work'done by the various schools.  The forestry building, the permanent exhibit at the grounds,  gives the visitor to B. C. a splendid - idea of the wealth of resources of British Columbia, and  the choice results that can be obtained from - their manufacture  under a well defined and skillfully executed plan by the provincial government. The splendid  finishes of the various timber of  B. C. is certainly a revelation,  L_L ��������� 1    ^  GARDEN  HOSE  . We have a special Sale of Hose on now.  Regular $5.50 for - .$4.75  Regular $5.00 for -  $4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.    Phone us your order.   We make prompt delivery.  ������,*-* ;\>r IM ..  J    r*-" I      4,  .      -4 ���������4,-.4"*rJ1   .  , ' , k/'yA t  ~   - \ ~-v&\ "1- .  1     4 * V   ������   -J   1  ^X'XX.  .XXKWf  rt   _   Jt     .1:   I.S'-J I  -*  -* r '  X*  .   A," ~  . ,  jX X-������^l  4.!,'^>     '  "4   -^-'5  'J. ."  -1  W, R. Owen & Morrison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Pair. 447 2337 Main Street  '    IS     f  r-J- .."  _  :.,#&  *x  =. ' --: '-it  v, 4-VJjsJV  . > -" sm  .\i  1  apX  A'f  jf~ 1. PC..'*fK.fi_?  CANYON VIEW HOTEL  ���������NORTH VJINCOUVER  Located at the foot of Grouse  Mountain and 625 feet above sea  level, will be found this ideal resting place. Good roads are encoun  tered all the way up, and. at this  season of the year the management  is making special efforts on behalf,  of the motorist.  The rates of this Hotel are from  $2.50 to $3.50 per day.      All out  side  rooius.. r  The Hotel can be easily reached  by  auto  and  anyone  who contemplates spending a holiday, will find  Canyon View Hotel an ideal week-  'end pleasure resort.  ing at this period of the world's  while the mineral resources pre-1 history. x  sent an unbounded field for spec-]  ulation. Marble, zinc, copper, silver, fire clay and many  other  exhibits of raw material testify  to the bright future in store for  British Columbia  The transportation building is  filled with superb exhibits of  motor cars, chief among these being the Podge, and Cadillac  Large fruit exhibits from all  parts of the province tastily arranged a)sof occupy a space in this  building;.'- The florists of the city  and so rrounding community are  lavish with their floral displays,  and to the person desiring pointers in bloom for next season, the  Vancouver exhibition this year is  the place to get it  the wholesalers of tlie city and  many booths contain all that is  needed for the "replenishing of  the larder and the home furhish-  ing.v^^V^^^^xi^Xx^^^^  The exhibits of live stock this  year are not so numerous as oil  former occasions, but the quality  is-.better. Special mention must  be marie of the exhibit of the  government Colony farm exhibit  which is par excellence. Anyone who has hot yet been at the  1'tiir will be repaid for their trouble by seeing this herd of live  stock.  The- poultry exhibit is large,  and the judges had a trying time  selecting the-winners in this section. >-  For, the first three daj������s of. the  week the cat-show held forth in  Ihe cat and dog building, but  1he latter part, of the week has  seen a large exhibit of choice  canines, the kind of an exhibit  hat makes a dog fancier feel  or that $25 that is so much lack-  The baby show has most cer  tainly been a "howling" success.  Over '700 entries were made in  this division which is without  doubt the most popular exhibit  on the grounds. Rosy cheeked,  plump, short, tall, black, red'and  fair, the children have been there  in great numbers, and the doctors and nurses have bad the  time of their lives picking the  winners. Vancouver certainly  is not shy oh children, and tbe  hope is expressed that they will  be as patriotic as they are loud  in their praises of the Baby Show,  the greatest exhibit on earth.  The ring attractions have been  of a high standard, especially the  The main hall is occupied by racing card, and the events have  been  most keenly contested  all  week.    The rough rider cow boys  have  fairly captivated the  pat  rous of the fair with their ex  hibitions.  The other attractions of the  fair centre around the skid road,  where Sadie, the strangest girl  on earth devotes her time to a  weird exhibition of snake charming, all through theununununnn  ing, where the sharpshooters  knock down the clay pipes, and  the aspiring spit ball artists topple over the Kaiser;' where the  bashful young man buys his  sweetheart a chance^ for a box of  chocolates and the married men  takes his wife and kiddies on the  merry-go-round; where the small  boy listens to the tin-horn band  and the old man puts up his  1 lands in horror at the big girl  show. ' The skid road is certainly a success, a combination of  the burlesque, vulgar and money-  grabbing gentry of the coast cities.     But the people enjoy that  sort of thing if one is to j  by the attendance in this particular department. l, '"* XX  There is one more* day of tW  fair. To, those- who have not  been tbere it ir worth while for  them to take in the displays fr  the various buildings, and the  many choice exhibits of tbe^ebni-  ing fair of the Pominion.  ���������BSSBrnWC''--- r.j.rrt^fiJM  A BWDBBD YPAW T8OM ITOWi  There's a picture in the window  Of a little shop I know,  With boys and girls dressed as tjity  were       J  A hundred years ago.  And since I saw it, I have tbougAt,  And   keep   on   thinking  how  The children, ma\be, will be drMtt<J  A  hundred years  from  now.  Will girls wear caps or farthingale*?,  Or hoops in grand arrayf  Will they wear bows like butterflies,  Just as they do to-dayf  Will boys wear jackets short, or tie  Their hair in quest   Just bow  They'll really look, I'd like to know  A hundred yeara from now.  What do yrfu think the girls and boys  Will cat in those far daysf  Will they be fed on breakfast foods  In many sorts of waysf  Will all the >-good and tasty things  Be worse  for  them, than  ricef  Will ice-cream soda make them siek,  And  everything that's nicef  Will   children's   books   have   pictures  then  Or just all reading be  Perhaps they'll be hand-painted and  Most  beautiful  to  see.  But when I think of those I have,  I truly don't see how  They can be any prettier  A  hundred years from now.  ���������St. Nicholas.  CAPILANO SUSPENSION  BRUME  wk*my  jf w^Mmk0&  ������lfefxx  m$$w:iyyAy  $is#mxx;xv  ���������S^fe&fe'-v,."-���������''���������**"'  ������^:X-VV'V-.  Illi^xxx  ���������,tf_:i^T_?lt-r(i^v'.'-Xv "-'' '���������-.*���������'*  ^S*������*^X>':vX'-:  iPsi3#VVvV;;v^  IfejXsiX-'-  #|*#x:xvv-t:  mmmm"  ^-������h-H>:;!,.'.:.\-"-.- '   -. ��������� ��������� :���������-'.  X\X  .-'"���������tO?-'-  M  ������ShXX  IS|X  i^ijfX  jij*  :'Ji;..  $tfi  #i#^������X  ^&spiX  f~feX������f������X:';  Wiji?,'^*;^*' i',:.V<.  i3KXiX';X  ''tf--.',te--,','.''-,'-.!-..',.:i   I  :7(4*T'cw^V''.''.- V.'Ll-'-v'  ������X:X;^V  i*?:'F',:--,'i,.  '&X?:.X  IJXX-X  l';:v  X  6  J^  A function of. the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued  editors of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States. "We feel fortunate  in being able to offer to the ladies of this city that whieh is purchased at a high price by such  dailies there.   These Cards have been especially written for this paper. ,  Friday, August 20, 191  A WOMAN'S HEART  Saturday, August 21st  "There isn't no place and no spot in the road  Where the feller who keeps sawin' wood      ^  Can't get to the front in some sort of way  And manage somehow to make  good."  Breakfast ��������� Watermelon. Southern Waffles  with Maple Syrup. Coffee.  Dinner���������Clear Soup. Rolled Beefsteak. Steamed Hominy* Butter Beans. Radish Roses. Frosted Apples.  Coffee.  Supper���������Creamed Sword-fish. Sliced Cucumbers. Buttered Toast. Nut Macaroons. Tea.  Frosted Apples  Pare and core the apples, fill the cavities  with sugar and steam until tender but not  broken. Beat the white of one egg until stiff,  fold in two tablespoonfuls of sugar, flavor with  half a teaspoonful of. vanilla, spread over the  apples when cool and brown delicately in the  oven.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Sunday, August 22nd  Tou cannot dream yourself into a character; you  must hammer and forge yourself into one.���������Proude.  ���������Breakfast���������Berries* Spanish Omelet. Egg Bis- ���������  ouits. Doughnuts. Coffee.  Dinner���������Bouillon. Baked Chickens. Pickled  Peaches. Stuffed Potatoes. Corn on Cob. Lettuce and Cream Cheese Salad. Frozen Custard*  Wafers. Coffee.  Lunch���������Tomato Rarebit. Toasted Crackers.  Cocoanut Layer Cake. Tea.  K  ] Pickled Peaches  Eight pounds of fruit, three pounds of sugar,  one pint of vinegar, two ounces of stick cinnamon and two ounces of whole cloves. Pare the  peaches and stick three or four cloves in each.  Boil the sugar, vinegar'and cinnamon five minutes, put in the peaches a few at a time, cook  until they may be easily pricked with a fork,  then take them out and place in jars* Boil the  syrup down until thick, pour it over the peaches and seal while hot.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Wonday, August 23rd  That whieh is called considering owr duty ia s particular esse, is1 very often nothing but endeavoring to  explain it sway.���������Butler.  3roakfant���������Fruit. Uncooked Cereal. Creamed Salt Codfish on Toast. Coffee.  ���������Pfoner���������Chicken Soup. Braised Beef, polled  potatoes. Baked Onions. Watercress* .Crackers  and Cheese. Coffee.  X    HHWW���������Stuffed Green, Peppers. Fried pota-  s Joes. Bread and Butter. Caike. Tea.  Stntfed Cfr*m Teppm  r Cut a slice from the stem end of six green  peppers, remove the seeds and partitions and  parboil ten minutes* Chop finely one medium  sized onion and cook five minutes in two tablespoonfuls of butter, then add half a cupful of  chopped mushirooms and cook two minutes longer. Melt one tablespoonful of butter, blend in  one tablespoonful of flour, add one-half cupful  of beef stockxeook and~stir~ until smooth and  add three tablespoonfuls of bread crumbs. Combine the two mixtures, season with pepper and  salt, fill the pepper shells, sprinkle the tops  with buttered crumbs and bake about fifteen  minutes. .  ���������**���������������������������  Tuesday, August 24th  liife is a queer, tangle.   The art of unravelling it is the  art of, living.   But one must bold the master thread.  ���������W. J. Locke.  Breakfast ��������� Stewed Prunes.    Cereal   with  Cream* Bggs in shell. Corn Gems. Coffee.  ���������Dinner-Onion Soup. Meat Pie with Pastry  Crust. Italian Spaghetti. String Bean Salad. Puff  Balls with Blueberry Sauce. Coffee.  Puff Balls with Blueberry Sauce  Cream one-half cupful of butter and beat in  gradually one cupful of sugar. Mix and sift two  and one-half cupfuls of flour with three teaspoonfuls of baking powder and one-naif teaspoonful of salt and add to the creamed mixture  alternately with one-half cupful of milk. Beat  thoroughly, fold in* the stiffly beaten whites of  four eggs, turn into buttered cups and steam  three-quarters of an hour. Remove from the cups  and serve surrounded with a sauce made of  stewed and sweetened blueberries.  ���������   *   ���������  Wednesday, August 25th  Doubt indulged becomes doubt realized. To deter.  mine to. do anything is half the battle. Courage is victory, timidity is defeat. ���������Nelson.  Breakfa*t ��������� Bananas.   Browned Hash with  Peppers- Green Corn. Griddle Cakes. Coffee.  Dinner���������Consomme.  Lamb Chops.  Scalloped  Potatoes. Peas. Prune Whip. Coffee.  Supper���������Egg and Sardine Salad. Watercress  Sandwiches. Walnut Cake. Tea*  Egg and Sardine Salad  Cut four hard boiled eggs in halves lengthwise, remove the yolks and press through a sieve  with six well-drained sardines, seasonwith pepper  and salt, moisten with cooked dressing and  shape into balls. Cut the whites into shreds, add  twice the quantity of finely cut celery, mix  with dressing, arrange on tender lettuce leaves  ami garnish with the balls.  ���������   ���������-  ���������  Thursday, August 20th  "Try to be happy in this present moment, and  put not off being so to a time to come; as though that  time should be of another make from this, which has  already come, and is sure."  Waffles    with  Breakfast���������Baked . Apples.  Maple Syrup. Coffee."  , .Dinner���������Tomato Soup. Veal Pot pie. Corn on  Cob* Cauliflower with Parmesan Sauce. Dressed  Lettuce. Blueberry Pie. Coffee.  Supper���������Cheese Souffle. Chickory and Pimento Salad. Baking Powder Biscuits. Cake. Tea.  Blueberry We  Line a deep pie tin with plain paste and  brush with the white of egg. Rub one tablespoonful of butter with one cupful of sugar,  add one beaten egg, one-eighth of a teaspoonful  of salt and two teaspoonfuls of lemon juice or  , vinegar, t������en add three cupfuls of blueberries*  ���������Turn the mixture into the tin, cover with paste  ' having slits for the steam to escape, and hake  in a moderately hot oven.  ���������   t   #  Friday, August 27th  Irresolution in the schemes of life tbat offer themselves to our choice and consistency in pursuing them  are tbe greatest causes of all our unhappiness.  -Breakfast���������Berries. Cereal with'Cream. Fried  Perch. Rye Biscuits. Coffee.   ���������  Dinner���������Black Bean Soup. Croutons. Broiled  Fish. Parsley Butter Boiled Potatoes. Pickled  Beets. Lemon Jelly. Coffee.  Supper���������Mushrooms in Cream. Toast. Peach  Shortcake. Tea.  Mushrooms in dream  Procure one pound of fresh mushrooms,  cut the stems in small pieces and cook until  tender in one-half cupful of milk. Peel the tops  and cook about ten minutes in one-third of a  cupful of butter*. Combine, add one cupful  of cream, season with pepper and salt* heat thoroughly and serve on pieces of toasted bread.  A -woman's heart is a savings bank  Where the love you deposit lies,  Gathering interest day by day  Prom the sunshine of the skies.  There isn't a safer place, my lad,  To bury the treasure you'd keep  Than down in its beautiful vaults of  dream  Where, the tenderest blosoms sleep.  A woman's heart is the place to hide  Whatever you'd treasure best;  I'or she'll 'give it back as the days  go by  In a love that's more than rest.  A woman's heart is a storage vault  Where nothing breaks in to steal,  Except the honor you fail to pay  And the love you forget to feel.  A  love  you have  placed there  once  remains,  And you may forget, but she  Will give it back, if you want it so,  And smile, as she hands the key.  Smile, but never forget, my lad,  That a smile is the saddest thing,  When   it's   over  the  ashea  of  something dead  And the heart is a broken wing!  A woman's heart is a fortress strong,  Where your foes may never come,  With   prancing  steeds   and   gleaming  sword  And the rat-tat of the drum.  For that which you treasure she will  defend,  And loud as the guns may roll,  She'll   stand   in   the   breech   to   the  very end��������� ,  And  then  she will fight with  her  soul.  A   woman's   heart���������I   would   rather  trtst  My all unto that, I know,  For  love  in  the  keeping of such  a  place  Will grow as the blossoms grow.-  \ ���������Selected.  WOMAN'S PLACE IN  THE   WORLD  COAL  "Our Goal Lasts Longer."  Our Coal is better value than any other on the  market.   More heat.   No clinkers.  WOOD  Millwood and Kindling, per load ... $2.50.  Choice 16-inch: Fir, per load. $3.00  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES  Kilgard Firebrick, Sewer Pipe, Partition Tile,  Etc.  CARTAGE  General   Cartage,    Baggage    arid   Furniture  Moved and Stored.  McNeil I, Welch & Wilson, Ltd  Seymour: 5408 .5409  B. O. TAG DAY  OH AUGUST 28TH  The officials of the Red Cross  Society and of the St. John Ambulance Corps expect to make  the above date the best tag day  in the history of the province.  Representatives of these two organizations met on Monday and  decided on the above date and  are now busy making arrangements for the holding of the tag  day. Subscriptions may be addressed to 618 Pacific building to  either Mr. Pennock, treasurer of  the St. John Ambulance Corps,  or Mr. J. R. Seymour, vice-chairman of the Red Cross Society.  New Westminster representatives  are arranging for an extensive  "tag day'' campaign and it is  sincerely hoped that British Columbia will do herself proud on  that occasion.  (Wm.  M.  Feigenbaum)  Recently   Henry   L.   Stimson  showed carefully and in reasoned  legal language why women should  not have the vote.   Some time  ago Geo. W. Wickersham, a leader of the bar, former attorney-  general,  expounded  the  advantages women enjoy without >the  ote. The fact that both were leading barristers made it plain that  the legal mind cannot see tbe  validity of the. claim that women need the vote-  Time was, and not so long ago,  when the notion of women in  public life was the signal for uncontrollable mirth. "What, teach  the shes?" fairly shouted a man!  years ago when it was first proposed to allow tbe "shes" in college.    To-day, happily, all that  is   changed.   "Women,  comrade  and equal, is the keynote of the  relations   of   the   sexes   among  thoughtful people. "Woman, comrade and equal is life. Women  meet  men  at every step,  and  men are driven to respect women.  Men dare not, in general, sneer  at women as tbey used to. They  are driven by the sheer force of  the numbers of their women coworkers at least to a make-believe-respect. Therefore, the arguments against the enfranchisement of. women must be based  upon a sham, a bluff at reason.  The lawyer caste, as yet little  affected by the so far trifling invasion of women into law,  despises women* But the lawyers  must   keep   their   contempt   to  themselves. '  Outside the public forum, the  lawyer is the same smirking,  simpering, oleaginous "reverer"  of women. '' God bless her 1 "  In "An Illustrated Treatise on  the Laws of Evidence" by T. W.  Hughes,    L.L.M.,    a    text-book  widely used in law schools to-,  day, we find an interesting dis-J  cussipn  on   the  examination  o*r|  witnesses. Taken very seriously,  this  important subject is  ,until  we come to section 61, "Women  as Witnesses!' (p.386)*  "They (women) are usually pe-  ciiliarly bad witnesses on the  cross-examination. In .advising a  young lawyer upon the subject,  the distinguished advocate, Ru-  fus Choate, once humorously (sic)  remarked:*'Let me give you my  dying advice, never cross-examine a woman. It is no use. They  cannot disintegrate the story  they  have  once  told.  They cannot eliminate the part  that is for you from that which  is against you. The moment you  begin to cross-examine one of  them instead of being bitten by a  single rattlesnake, you are bitr  ten by a whole barrel full.  "I never, except in a, case  absolutely desperate,'' dare to  cross-examine a woman." c  XNo, there is no need to de^  Dounee old Rufus.?'He's., dead,  and he won't notice it. The present interest lies in the fact that  Prompt use of the telephone saved the residence of a  Saanich, Vancouver island, rancher from fire recently. The  incident also served to show how the B. C. Telephone  Company strives to impress its employees to be ever ready to  serve.  On the morning of July 23rd, Mr. F. W. Sproule, a subscriber at  Sidney, Vancouver Island, exchange, called up the local manager,  Mr. B. L. Pickering, and asking for a number, incidentally mentioned  that his ranch was on fire. After making the connection, Mr. Pickering had the fire alarm rung by two people, and he also called up  all the people in Sidney who had automobiles, requesting them to  proceed to the fire hall and pick up available help and rush to the  fire, which was two miles away. There is no fire wagon at Sidney,  but the .people appealed to responded willingly, and gathering the  fire buckets, wore soon on their way to the scene of the fire. As,  Mr.'Pickering was concluding his messages the first arrival called up  from Mr. SprouleV and. reported that the house could be saved as only  the, corner was ablaze. A bucket brigade had been formed and water  was being transported from the well and the creek by those who had  hurried to the scene.  , >���������  The "Sidney and Island Review," made very favorable  comment on the incident, under the heading, "Telephone  Efficiency." Its article closed as follows: "People do not  live in isolation in the present time when their house is  equipped with the telephone. You are brought into touch  with your neighbor just1 as if you lived in the next house  to him in the city street."  British Columbia Telephone Co.  Limited  a modern law book, used to-day  in the law schools has the impertinence to use such a maudlin  remark as instruction in law.  There is no consideration of the  subject other than in the paragraph quoted.  Women have not yet invaded  law to any great extent. The profession is principally a man's profession. Therefore, men make the  rules, they create its morale and  esprit de corps. Hence that remark.  Woman's place is���������the world.  Her sphere is the sphere, nothing  less. If women created a morale  cf a profession wherein were no  men, it is possible that men  would������ be as despised as women  are by lawyers. To allow one  group to make laws for another  group is wrong* To allow men  and men only, to create laws,  thoughts, philosophy, morale,  means that women will be spat  upon.  We dwell together in the  world. We have not willed it. We  must live here for better-or for  worse.' Therefore, in order to understand one another, to live in  happiness and content, we must  work together, share the world!  together. ,  "  ' Prison Warder: "We tiy to  get   every   inmate   work   with'  which he is familiar.     What's  your trade?"     New   Prisoner:  "I'm a travelling salesman."  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  Public Works Contractors  8ee4 Office, 810-16 Sower Building  Seymow 1836  VAW00UVBR .-, OAWUM  A Sale Investment���������BONDS  "No safer form of investment eg������ be suggested tbsa Osaadisa  Government and Municipal Debentures.   Their record is uniquo iatbftt  Our list of bond offerings, 5 per cent, to 7 per cent, yida, and foD  practically no default has ever taken- plsee in their payment*"  e,rticulars, furnished upon application by mail or telephone. gaqpiriss  vited.           .   CEPEB&ET, ROUK8BPBLL ft 00, LDOTBD  Established  1886  Molson's Bank BulMlng. M8 Bsrftafs St WtSt  investments. Xioaaa Insurance  WE PRINT   CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  POLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press   ; Limited   PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY .11.  \  xv^c^3^^^p?f5pxx^  OJ iiV^>M<^ri iPtAitJ^4<   " *   fiiS_"  > ^fAvk&rtimA'1.} x}0|  x ..x ���������<<��������� ri *, UX xja.iM  1'riday, August 20, 1915.  x#J<  SPORTING COMMENT  The Game Laws  The outstanding feature of the  tame   regulations   for the   pro-  [inee of British Columbia, which  lave just been authorized, is that  Sealing with the shooting of deer,  (he season opening this year on  September 1st and closing on December 15tn. Although very similar to the regulations passed in  previous years, there are certain  Exceptions which must be carefully enquired about by all who  Intend taking part in the shooting season in any section of the  province. For the first time the  shooting of hen pheasants is per-  litted on Denman and Hornby  Islands,   from  December  1st  to  [December 15th. Shooting is prohibited on the Colony Farm in  certain portions of Burnaby municipality,  particulars of  which  are obtainable at the game war-  [den's office.  The following is a brief synop-  | sis of the game regulations given  out by the game warden's office:  Grouse (Blue, Franklin and  Ptarmigan)���������Open season throughout the province, Sept. 15th to  November 30th.  Ruffle Grouse (Willow Grouse)  ���������In Dewdney, Richmond, Delta,  Chiliiwack' electoral districts and  that portion of the Comox electoral district on the mainland,  open season October 15th to December 15th. There is no open  season for willow grouse in Esquimalt, Saanich Islands electoral districts. Throughout the rest  of the province Sept. 15th to  Nov- 30th.  Prairie Chicken���������In Cariboo,  Lillooet, Kamloops, Okanagan,  Cranbrook, Fernie, Columbia electoral districts, and in that portion of the Yale electoral district north of the main line of  the C. P. R. open season Sept.  15th to Oct. 15th. In Similkameen  electoral district September 15th  to September 30th.  \        \*f  ,     *m    wr-*t*j    t1 W    4*.-u-*j   -x  m  5SBH5HB,* vu ��������� f->,V?Ai_  ���������'XX"-x,a' X ���������,/ ���������>, r _.*-- XI  Cock Pheasants���������In Delta and  Richmond electoral districts, October 15th to Nov- 15th. In Dewdney, Yale and Chiliiwack Electoral districts, open season October 15th to December 15th. On  Vancouver Island. In Nanaimo,  Newcastle and Comox electoral  districts open season October 1st  to October 31st. In Denman and  Hornby Islands, Cowichan, Saanich and Island electoral districts  Oct. 1st to Dec. 15th.  Hen Pheasants���������In Denman and  Hornby Islands only, December  1st to Dec* lt5h.  , Quail���������The seasons on Vancouver Island are the same as for  pheasants*  Ducks and Snipe���������On Vancouver Island, open season September 15th to February 15th, 1916.  Throughout the remainder of the  province September 1st to January 31st, 1916.  Geese (of all kinds)���������In Richmond, Delta and Chiliiwack electoral districts, open season September 1st to February 29th,  1916. Throughout the remainder  of the province September 1st to  March 31st, 1916.  Deer (of all kinds)���������Throughout the province September 1st  to December 15th. The limit will  be three deer for any one man  either for killing or for sale. The  sale of venison will be allowed  from September 1st till October  15th all 'over the province, the  meat to be that of bucks of over  one year of age. Last year the  sale of venison was prohibited on  Vancouver Island.  Fur bearing animals, except  beaver, can be trapped from November 1 till March 31. Beaver  may not be trapped,on Vancouver Island or between Penticton  and the boundary line* In the  rest of the province they may be  trapped from Nov. 1 till March  31. The seasons for moose and  cariboo are left as last year.  HEATING Econom������.���������r* ������o^,ciency'  Our lousiness bis bees built up bv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  nesting Engineers.  1095 Homer St. Sey, 661  Vancouver Engineering Works, Iti  ENGJ-NEUHS,   WACTONJSTS  toON & STJBEl. FOUNPEBS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. 0.  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co,  LIMITED  Vancouver, &. C.  Presbyterian Tennis Tournament  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian Tennis Club enters the final round  of the Presbyterian Tennis Tour-,  nament on Saturday with a decided advantage over the other  teams. In last Saturday's  tournament at Robson Park the  church on the hill team made a  clean sweep in all events in which  it entered. Some close games are  expected this week. The champions in the different events will  go to New Westminster on Saturday, August 28th to meet the  champions of the association in  that city. The following are the  results of last Saturday's games:  Ladies' singles���������Mt* Pleasant  beat St. John's, 6-2, 6-3; Chalmers beat St. Andrew's, 6-2, 9-7,  Robertson beat .St. Paul's, 6-2,  6-2; Hollyburn defaulted to  Westminster Hall.  Ladies' doubles���������Chalmers beat  St. John's, 6-1, 6-1; Mt. Pleasant  beat Westminster Hall, 6-4, 6-2;  Robertson beat St. Andrew's, 6-1,  6-0.  Men's singles���������Mt* Pleasant  beat St- Paul's, 6-1, 6-2; Chalmers beat St. John's, 6-4, 6-3;  Westminster, Hall beat St. Andrew's, 6-3, 6-2; Hollyburn beat  Robertson, 6-2, 6-1.  Men's doubles���������Hollyburn defaulted to Westminster Hall; St.  John's beat Robertson, 6-2, 0-4;  Mt. Pleasant beat Chalmers, 1-6,  6-:j, G-4, St. Paul's beat St. Andrew's, 6-4, 8-6.   ,  Mixed doubles���������Chalmers beat  St. Andrew's, 6-1, 6-1; Mt* Pleasant beat St. Paul's, 6-3, 9-7;  Hollyburn beat St. John's, 6-3,  6-2; Westminster Hall beat Robertson, 6-3, 6-1.  ******  The final game of the professional lacrosse schedule' which  was scheduled for Saturday, has  been called off, owing to other  attractions. The league dropped in interest immediately tne  destination of. the cup was settled for another year. Some of  daily newspapers report that  there is a likelihod of some of  the players joining some regiment  for the front. Let us hope it may  be true.  ���������   ���������   ���������  The Beavers are playing great  ball this week* They have taken  the-measure of the Indianstwice  already, and if they, keep up  their present streak will likely  finish near the top. Seattle is  now in second place, with Tacoma in the cellar. Spokane has  a glorious lead and it will be  very difficult for any of the  other teams to overhaul them.  NORTH VANCOUVER  DEFEATS VANCOUVER  What was the matter with the  steamship "Eastland'* which rolled over in the Chicago river with  the loss of more than 1,000 lives  is revealed in the correspondence  between the general manager of  the company operating the vessel and Secretary of Commerce  Redfield more than a month ago.  Discussing the provisions of the  La Follette law, which does not  take effect until next November,  the manager insisted that obedience on his part would decrease  the revenues of the boat 40 per  cent, and add considerably to the  expense. In reply the secretary  said that he had no option but  to enforce the law after' it became effective; yet he did not  fail to warn the steamship manager that by taking advantage  of existing law in the meantime  he 'Was needlessly endangering  the lives of his passangers .  What the owners of the "Eastland" did was to seize every dollar from a holiday crowd that  was permissible under present regulations. They assumed the risk  knowing it to be a risk, for the  sake of profit alone* Under the  La Follette law providing for  life-saving apparatus the "East  land's" passangers would have  been reduced by more than one-  third. In that case it is probable  that there would have been no  such overcrowding as that which  caused the boat to capsize at its  dock.  If the disaster had happened in  midlake the toll of death would  ha(ve been much greater. There  were at least 2,570 persons  aboard, and there were life-boats  and rafts for only 771. Greed  took every chance permitted by a  loose law loosely enforced. All  tbe inquests, investigations and  trials that are to follow will  point to nothing but greed that  gambled with human life.���������New  York World.  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray   '  House Pbone: Bay. 1187L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON &, MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Hanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  -  Painting, Paperhanglng and ICalsomining  Shop*. 106S Dunsmuir St. Vancouver B.C.  x_  '-������������������"���������I  4.'       ...fil  In the inter-league series of  baseball between the North Shore  All-Star team and the champions  of the Catholic league of Vancouver, held in the latter city on  Monday evening, the North Shore  team came out on top by a score  of 4 to 1; Larson was on the  mound for North Van. and allowed but one hit during the game.  A game was played on Saturday last when the local All-Stars  were defeated by. the National  Biscuits by'-a score of 4 runs to 1*  The next game will be played  at Mahon Park on Saturday afternoon next between the locals  and the National Biscuits team,  champions of the commercial  league of Vancouver. X  CADETS SOON DUE  IF GERMANY SHOULD WIN  Rudyard Kipling came out of  his silence and told the Empire in  burning words just-what would  be the fate of the Anglo-Saxon  race of its arms should go down  to defeat in this-Armageddon.  His concluding sentences were as  f oIIomjp :  "But whatever has been dealt  out to Belgium, France and Poland will be England's fate tenfold if ������we fail to subdue the  Germans. That we shall be broken, plundered, robbed and enslaved like Belgium will be but  the first part of the matter. There  are special reasons in the German mind why we should be  morally and mentally shamed and  dishonored beyond any other  people���������why we should be degraded till those who may survive may scarcely dare to look  each other in the face. If Germany is victorious every refinement of outrage which is within  the compass of the German imagination will be inflicted on us  in every aspect of our lives-  "The call of national and empire duty ought to be in itself  sufficient, but when it comes to  the supreme appeal for-the preservation of highest ideals of civilization and the rights of the  individual, as embodied in that  same British Empire, then no sacrifice of blood and treasure can  be too great."  GROWTH OF CITY PLANNDfG  the auspices of commercial or local organizations. At tho  outset adequate funds muat  . -"���������- -���������   *s * a ^ ������.* ������������������������*n   had.ior technical advice and terA^fk^  planning initiated by the govern- . ^^^m-ju^JJ ^iv ������������������' "I'p'ttfr  SSatExperience has shown that the conduct, of preliminary^wot*  ,      _&,  where this has been attempted to interest cituena generally. Jt  tion to' the growth of the' com-,  munity as a whole. It .is this  special error that city planning  is  remedying.      Rarely is city  vfxi  the success achieved has been  very meagre. The best rsults  have been obtained where the  "city planning movement originated with a group of substantial  public spirited citizens, or under  is only after plana for elaborate  remodelling are completed. that  they are finally submitted to the  civic government for consideration and approval.���������Montreal  Star.  m  ^*%n<C  5c a  loaf  at your  store or  phone  Fairmont  -44-  wnaiiT.  8REAP  cn 09  tetter  Sweet ar  ANtlf*  "ths  wr������ppt4  fie %o*t  Two owew more of riclweM and  quality-plM CUSANI4NESS  ���������a loaf of crisp, brown BUTTER NUT  BREAD in its protective wrapper; rich in  flavor; nutritious in food value.  BUTTERNUT BREAD  "comes wrapped"  SHELLY BROS.  Also Bakera ot 4X Bread  ..cki^tipes  e S^ftnvfort^  Brandywina F*UlB���������Leg������ Than 100 Feet from Track  The Australian Cadets are due  to arrive in Vancouver next  month for a stay of three or four  weeks, and during*that time will  be entertained by local organizations. The visit of the Australian, cadets is; the result of  the visit of. the Vancouver High  School Cadets to the land of the  southern cross in 1912. Incidentally it may be mentioned that  many of the Vancouver cadets  jare now at front doing duty with  I the soldiers of the king in northern France-  The idea that cities shall grow  along symmetrical as well as on  useful lines is spreading with  rapidity. City planning commissions are in evidence in hundreds  of American towns to-day, and  splendid things are being accomplished. The value of these  commissions is shown by the unwise things tn'ey prevent- New  York, like most other cities, has  suffered from the practice of  treating each public movement as  a  thing  by itself, without rela-  -������������������������������������K.  jrilis  Xjolcurvbi  ia.  m  Theie are a number of reasons WHY you should purchase  LECKIE SHOES in preference to others. One good reason is that LECKIE SHOES are made in British Columbia  in a British Columbia institution by British Columbians.  Every penny you pay for LECKIE SHOES remains here  in British Columbia.   You pay no duty.  Another reason is that you can not purchase a better  shoe on the market. Any man who wears a LECKIE will  testify   to   that. " V  At Leading Dealers Everywhere  ���������JWJ^.'/'A.^X'  L-fcf^W        ,������\\   -  X - I.X.-V-  '*���������  U^. X  |-������^     ',1-    ,"  ^T.        4  /  h* x,  [X*< ���������  UJU4l4_L4Kt4*<444tl.  ')VV< ���������'  ; j ,'���������-  X '��������� X-  e  ^^������*hw*^^1������w.������>J.*^utoiw-J������^clvuC������ir-. 1<^-TMr^������-rM-te.jLi..,4,,^i������������������^_M _._    ,  lir^/te.  THE  WESTERN   CALL  A<,J.-.   F-  _*   ^,'-,'4  The Big Fair  Friday, Aujgust 20, 19li  AUGUST 13th to 21st  Entries  Close August  1st  Prize Lists axe Now Ready  $50,000 IN PRIZES  LOCAL ITEMS OF INTEREST  Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Bridgman  afe holidaying up the coast for  a. couple of weeks.  * ���������   ���������  The tag day for the Children's  Aid Society has been postponed  from Saturday, Sept. 4th, to Saturday, October 2nd.  * ���������   ���������  Mr. and Mrs. J. J. G. Thompson and daughter spent the weekend holidaying in Seattle and  Tacoma.  * ���������������   *  will give a special address, his  subject being "Songs m the  Night." A warm and special  invitation is extended to everybody to attend and' enjoy this  specially arranged se'rvice of  song.  ���������   ���������   ���������  SUNDAY SERVICES  The following is a list of the  Sunday services for the churches  on. the hill for the 22nd inst. .*  St.   Paul's   Presbyterian,   cor.  Burns   and   14th:   The   Pastor,  Rev.  Mr.  Bates- will  preach  atr  having spent several"weeks" camp- SSJ? **?������***��������� Subjects: 11.00 a.m.  ing at Cypress Park. ���������The   Scriptural   Definition   of  Church"; 7:30 p.m., "Who and  Mr. and Mrs. Dan McLeod have  returned  to  Mt.  Pleasant  after  WE  WANT  YOUR E.LECTRICAL WORK  FIXTURES AND SUPPLIES  THE JARVIS ELECTRIC CO.  .LIMITED  General Electrical Contractors  670 Richards Street VANCOUVER, B..O.  it  Tenders for various concessions are now  being received.  424 PACIFIC BLDG.  t <���������   J  'CHEAP  FUEL  At Hanbury's  Special Prices until August  15, delivered:      "<-  Skba tt.7������  r-Xxx  i ixXX  V.}  lj   r  J 4 . -.I  mfi.rr  Inside Fir ...\f������S  . Kiln-dried Jr-fafflfag  Bark $3,50  !3onth Wellington Lump  Cteal,jper ton ......tt.60  Sojtn Wellington Nut  Cprt, pep ton fO.QO  4. Honlmry 6 Co. M.  Oor. Fonrth and Granville  Pay. W70 and J077  * t ������  Nothing punctarea the senti-,.���������,��������� ������������ ,��������� wmuvmm ramoiv  Xth9^*^ ^ ****** ���������* *��������� H if mt *������%Wtt K  mouth and missing.  SPARKS   FROM   THE   ANVIL  Training, not uniform, makes  the soldier.  Perfect grammar may clothe a  vicious thought.  It usually helps toward real  victory to have a few preliminary defeats.  , True humor is always sweet  anjl clean. Wit may be these,but  humor must be.  You will*.see more or less in  nature out-of-doors according to  the nature within yourself.  Don't try to dazzle pepple with  your brightness. Automobile headlights are sometimes a .nuisance.  The life-story that everyone is  writing for himself goes into a  great reference library for everyone else to read.  The "last word" has not yet  been said about very many  things.-Last words will be for  the last people to say.  Cherish a kind act and return  it as quickly as possible. The interest on it compounds rapidly.  air*,   if w/_f  giun  ������������f,*j   ���������*  ���������Si  if'  ing at Cypress Park  ��������� ���������   ���������  Mr. Jas. Kirk, of Union Hall.  Lanark County, Ontario, .accompanied by his wife, spent part of  last week in Vancouver.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Misses. K. and M. Campbell  spent the week-end in Victoria.  Miss, K. Campbell leaves on Saturday night to take a position in  the hospital at Cumberland, B. C.  Chicken thieves have been  abroad in Mt. Pleasant during  the past week, and the tip is  given to those having fancy poultry to keep them under lock' and  key from now on, as the evenings are closing in quite rapidly.  * *   *  Sir Mackenzie Bbweli, ex-pre-  ier of Canada, who has been visiting his son, Mr. J. M. Bowel, of  the Customs department, this  citv, returned to his home in  eastern Canada by way of Prince  Rupert, leaving here > on Saturday night last.  ��������� ���������   ���������  What is the Christ of Today?"  Grace, Methodist Church, cor  Burns and 15th. Rev. Mr. Miller,  pastor, will preach morning and  evening  oq  "Prohibition."  Mt. Pleasant Baptist, cor. 10th  and Quebec. Rev. A. F. Baker,  pastor, will preach in the morning on "The Greatest Thing in  the World." In the evening Dr.  Cross will preach. A hearty  welcome is extended to all.  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian, cor.  10th and Quebec. Rev. A. E. Mitchell, pastor, will preach at both  service-?. 11 .-00 a.m., "The Shakings of the Nations"; 7:30 n  m   "T" ���������   ~        - ~ F  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  " SPECTAT. "  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  All kinds of .Mill Wood  Phone: Fair. 1554  Patriotism enjoins it, justice demands it, honor compels it, policy  advocates it, hunger" pleads for  it. the safety of. Canada urges it,  apathy and selfishness alone turri  it down.  C. FAGAN.  "Life's Second Chance."  Mt.   Pleasant   Methodist,   ,   cor.  10th ave. and Ontario. Rev. Dr.  Sipprell, pastor, will preach morning and evening. 11:00 "The  Meaning of Jesus for Life"; 7:30  p.m., "The Call of These Times."  OPENS A BRANCH STORK  The transaction by which the  assets of the Ocean Falls, Limited, have been acquired by the  Pacific Mills. Limited, has-been  consummated. The parties most  largely interested in the new  concern , is   the   Crown-William  WAR SERVICE AND  THE UNEMPLOYED  ette Paper Company of Portl'and JJ6  *?te* }hat. Povertv *���������*<S  and San Francisco.. *he artwan p!?88 ������ practically un  Great Britain and Canada are  alike at war with Germany. Munitions, clothing and other equipment are wanted in ever increasing quantities at the front and  provide.work to such an extent  in England, Scotland, Wales and  the  States -that  Mr. F. T. Vernon, the well  known flour and feed merchant  in Mt. Pleasant, at the corner  of Broadway and Kingsway, has  recently opened a branch store  in South Vancouver at the corner of 49th" and Fraser avenues.  Mr. Vernon has been in business  in Mt. Pleasant for a number of  years, and has earned a splendid  "Book-keeping and Shorthand I  made easy" < |  Taught  rapidly'and  efficiently  by  James Black, Certified Teacher of  ,   Commercial Subjects  Phone: Fair.  1630L. or write 828  16th Ave. West  Terms   on   Application^ t - Private  instruction by arrangement.  quality of goods he sells, and his  friends in South Vancouver will  be glad to hear of him opening  a branch in their locality. The  store will carry a complete sup-  pipy of hay, grain, chop and poultry supplies, and the reputation  of qtiality, service and low prices  beyond  your power.  I  Moot* Pteuwit Sim Repair Stop  BWT 880* RJ5PAWNO ON T8JBT'm*V'      f  Tern Months' Guarantee on Worfc Done on Ladies'  Shoes.'  Work Done While You Wait.  or Men's  Rubber Heels Put on in Ten Minutest  2429 Main Street, Next to Lee Building  and ������an Francisco. -.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian Sunday School Association teachers  and officers will picnic tomorrow  (Saturday) afternoon at Horseshoe Bay. on the P. G. E. railway. The picnickers will gather  at the N. Vancouver ferry wharf  in time to take the 1:40 boat  for the'North Shore.  ���������������   ���������   ���������  Mr. W. N. Stevenson, Mrs. _i.  Stevenson and Miss Maud Yuill,  of Almonte, Ontario, visited Mt.  Pleasant friends' during the past  week. Mr. Stevenson was very  much impressed with Vancouver  and may come out this way some  time in the future. Mr. Stevenson  is church organist in Carleton  Place, Ont., and is one of the  most accomplished musicians in  that vicinity.  -      n  U Quarts for $1.00  Guaranteed above tbe  standard in Butter fat.  All our milk comes from  tuberculin tested cows.  If any Person can prove that our milk  is not pure in every way, we will cheerfully donate $60.00 to any charitable  institution in the city.  Delivered to your Home Daily  HILLCREST DAIRY  Phone: Fair. 1934  131 15th Avenue W.  Try Again Lodge No. 88 e\et  as usual in Lee's'Hall, Main St.,  the business taking, up all the  evening. Sis.' Mrs. Wilson was  elected for deputy marshall and  installed by Bro. Radcliffe, lodge  deputy, the lodge being closed  at 10 Or'clock.' Next Tuesday  evening Springridge lodge is invited to office and entertainment,  and a large attendance of the  members is looked for.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Mr. P. Somerville, pf Port  Haney, formerly of Vancouver,  was in town this week to meet  a brother from Los 'Angeles who  be had not seen for many years.  Mr. Somerville reports ranching  all to the good at Port Haney,  and a full dinner pail in the bargain. His son, Norman, who is  with the 6th regiment in France,  has been twice wounded, the first  time being sent to the hospital  in England. He is back again in  the firing line as large as fife.  ��������� *   ���������  SPECIAL MUSICAL SERVICE  Will be held at the Central  Baptist Church, cor. 10th and  Laurel street, next Sunday evening at 7.30 The musical program  will be under the direction of  Mrs. S. S. McDiarmid. A.T.C M  with Mrs. F. H. Dobson, accompanist. The program will be:  Opening chorus, "God is a  Spirit," by the choir; bass solo,  '.'Lord, God of Abraham." by  Mr. Wood; soprano solo and  chorus, "O for a Closer Walk  with God," by Miss Short; duet,  by Mrs. S. S. McDiarmid and Mr.  A. W. Grahame; chorus, "Lead  Ifindly Lig^t," by the. choir.  The pastor, Rev. G. R. Welch,  known,   while   Vancouver/  for  lack of foresight and organization,   must   needs   maintain   a  bread   luie   at   the   expense   of  some $10,000 a month, a sum that  nivst be largely increased during  the winter unless immediate efforts  are   forthcoming  to   stop  this pauperization and turn lat-  ient energy into channels to swell  the stream of products so   urgently needed by our army in the  field.  i Orders to the extent of $230.-  000,000 have been placed in the  Dominion by the British government. Through - want of factories B. .C. unfortunately cannot  r-isp what would otherwise have  b.en liei share of th<������* profit.  There are no mills for the  manufacture of textiles and clo  thing, while munitions of war  in the* absence of jthe _ requisite  machinery, cannot be completed  here. Where is the tannery which  should flourish in such an exceptionally good environment with  all the constituents of successful  working on the spot?  War has created an unprecedented demand for manufactures and few cities are more  favorably situated than Vancouver to supply them. Now is thf  time to "grasp the shirts of. happy chance" and do away with unemployment by rebuilding Vancouver on that most solid of  civic foundations���������local industries.  Opportunity never loiters, but  depression has come to stay if  not combatted, while the war is  on 'ere the aftermath of neglected opportunities blocks progress  on the advent of peace.  Want of capital is the prevalent excuse for the present industrial crisis. The objection is overruled .when it is remembered  that wherever it can be conclusively demonstrated in the right  quarter that capital will bring in  large and quick returns sufficient  money is usually forthcoming to  float a company.  The best way, it may well be  the only way, of stemming the  tide of poverty which threatens  I o engulf a large percentage of  cur citizens and at the same  time do our utmost to shorten  the war by providing the vital  requirements of the fighting line  is to start factories for field equip-  i>j<>nt and also to take our shore  of Germany's trade throughout  the world.  To insure a glorious and early  victory it is essential that everyone, men and women, should contribute to the national serviee  as   military  or industrial   units.  South Vancouver, Notice!  NEW FEED STORE OPENED  Witt a Complete Supply of POULTRY WmfUOKL HAY, OBAOT.  OKOP, BTO.  Veroon Feed Co.  48f0 AM> JTtAWB  (Branch ft* lit. Plwuot)  Wg 8TAWP .TOE WAUVT, WTOO*   AMP   *ow   WOW  Y<w Can Save Money  By Using  :pts  Eigbt *������? 25 Cent*  THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  33 Rides on  TangoTickets  $1.00  Your Saving on  $1 Investment  60c  _32 JWdes_at       a 5 cent fare  $1*60  aSd OFFlli^A^wi^ ^C'iJSFMWC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  \i������������t������dJ vth������Ut tranjsfer) ron "V B* C Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. until midnight.  OHAS. GBAPLBTS DEUGHT  "Nutty  But  Nice"  A delicious combination of pure, velvet Ice Cream, Chopped Nuts and  Fruits,   15   cents.  THAT NEW STORE  Lee Building New Main  Box** and Tables for the Ladies  187 Broadway E.  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 843  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  jBuUb^Ka&t2SBKE=

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