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The Western Call Jul 23, 1915

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 s^Ti  Bedding  - Flowers,  Plants.  Plants���������Cat  Decorative  Floral Designs and  Sprays, "etc.-   Phone  your order.  -' Keeler'  s   Nursery  Phone,  15th  Fair.   817  and Main  -JUL 2 4 1915  Published in the Interests of Greater. Vancouver and the Western People  r  MT. PLEASANT  UNDERTAKING  PARLORS.   :  152 8th Ave. E.  Personal attention is  given and no details-  forgotten.   Bay   and  Night Service. Phone  Fair.  189.  VOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No,  7FU  CANADIAN BANKING SYSTEM  WE HAVE from time to time called attention  to certain anomalies in our Banking system.  We do not wish to join the ranks of those  who through jealousy or pique, consider the  Banks as "fair game." We frankly admit that  in many respects, in fact in most respects, our  Banking system is sound; but there are weaknesses which can and should be remedied.  Perhaps in no social or economic relation is  there to be found a better example of , that  philosophic statement of St. Paul. "No man  (or institution) liveth-to himself, and no man  dieth to himself," than is to be found in our  Banking or fiscal systeriis. As a nation we are  bound to consider the effect of any proposed  change in our fiscal system Nfrom the standpoint  oj: our relations to other nations. If, for instance, Canada were to issue an enlarged paper  currency beyond the recognized limits of the  gold standard, it might be made legal tender in  Canada, but it would not be accepted as a  medium of. exchange in the marts.of the world,  except at a much, reduced value. It is very  essential that xwe avoid depreciation of the  Value or stability of our currency, unless indeed, we propose to "live?;untoourselves" in  opposition to the soundest aad accepted principles of civilization. So that, at present, we dismiss the suggestion that we "create" currency as '  being impracticable. There is, however, one  serious anomaly which should be remedied, viz.,  Canada is essentially a borrowing country., but,  at the same time, we have out on call loan in  New York about $100,000,000.00.  Our Banks explain these conditions in this  way, they say, "first we must; have a large sum  ;0f money; placed where we can lay hands on it  at a moment's notice, and this can only be done  on a very large market where liquid securities  of the highest and most staple value are constantly being dealt in, and in no place in Canada is this the case, therefore, we. are com-,  pelled to go to Ne;w York." Secondly, they say,"  "we have deposits from abroad which almost  equal - orir call loans, abroad, and it is only  reasonable and fair that these deposits should  be protected." These arguments are very good  and are sound from the Bank's standpoint.  From the Bank's standpoint? What is it?  Dividends. The Bank's chief interest is to  make money, and there is nothing wrong with  that attitude, but it,is the duty of the government and of the people to see that the interests  of the public are properly protected in the process, for, mark you, the Banks have received a  very valuable franchise from the public, which  [.Xtnej^ value very highly and guard-with the utmost jealousy..  " Now, we franfcly admit the necessity of our  Banks having a source of ready supply of currency when needed, but we bold this can be  secured and at the same._t.me adequately serve  Canadian interests. At tKe moment of writing,  our Pominion government is at its. wit's end to  secure money to run the affairs of the country.  London is closed to us for ordinary purposes  because of the huge British war loan, and yet,  our Banks have over $100,000,000 out on call  loans in New York at an interest rate (according to to-day's quotation) of I 3-4 to 2 per cent.  Our suggestion^ as a remedy to this anomalous   and   unjustifiable   position   is   that   the  pominion government make a special issue of  : bonds at four and a half per cent,  and that  binder the  provisions  of  the  "War  Measures  Act"  the  Banks be asked to underwrite  this  . issue arid that through them the public be asked to subscribe. To meet the demand for such  a loan the Banks would be compelled to withdraw a great deal of its call money from New  <;York, and in its place receive prime  government bonds, earning for them 41-2 per cent, instead of less than 2 per cent.     "But, says the  alarmed banker, "what about our liquid asset  in case of a run or of sudden demand?"   The  answer is simple. First, Dominion  government  four and a half per cent, bonds represent* prime  security, and can be borrowed against or realized upon in New York at any time.     That is  not all. These bonds could be made legal tender  in Canada.   In this way we could at once secure the use in Canada of $100,000,000 of gold  currency now dedicated and consecrated to the  exclusive  use: of   the  stock  gamblers   of   New  York.  ROUMANIA  AMERICAN EDITOR ON WAR  THERE IS SUPPOSED to be in preparation an  ultimatum from the enemy to Roumania as  to the passing of munitions through* to  Turkey. x  If is not often that so much depends on so  small a state.  And yet in this war there have been this far  events of the greatest magnitude mightily aff ect-  edx by ' the small states.  -  Belgium stopped the first rush to Paris by  her bleeding body and apparently stopped it  for all time.    ��������� /-.X .'  Servia stopped the rush of Austria towards  the Dardanelles. Had Austria won through Servia she would have beep now established in  Constantinople, and the hour of the British empire as it is now constituted would probably  have struck.  If Roumania stands firm in her refusal to  allow arms to be sent over her railways to  Turkey, Constantinople is doomed, and the collapse of the Kaiser's great dream will have  finally come.  If Bulgaria joins hands now and marches in  at the back of the Turkish positions at Gal-  lippli, the fall of the Turkish capital will be a  matter of days  only.  ,' Thus it will be seen that there is an importance lying in the small state which would  not have been recognized a short year ago.  What Roumania will do cannot be forecasted. Her decision will be made according to her  sympathies perhaps. But her fears may be  greater than' her foes, and she may act according to her estimate as to which side victory is tending.  # That Germany is threatening seems promising. She would scarcely threaten if she had  hope of gaining her ends by persuasion or  appeal.  However, the lengthening or shortening, of  the war may be in Roumania's hands at  this time.  A BEWILDERED COUNCIL  THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THE WAR  ONE OF THE BEST STATEMENTS of the  causes of the war has been contributed by the  editor of the Spokane  Spokesman's Review  of July 20th, 1915 and we reproduce it in full  fceloAv: *     _  EUROPE'S WAR IS A WAR BETWEEN  OPPOSING PRIWCIPLES  The Europepn Armageddon is more than a  conflict" of nations. It is a war of opposing and  irreconcilable   ideas?  America ,has no.concern with this war of the  nations. But it has a vital interest in the irrepressible   conflict  between  two  principles.  One of these is represented by Austria and  Germany, the other by England, Prance and  Italy and by Belgium and Serbia. The Austro-  fGerman idea at bottom is that might makes  right, that supposed national necessity supersedes  law, that puny nations must give way to great  empires,, that the people exist for the use of the  rulers. The English, French and Italian idea" is  -that right should control might,  that law is the  (Continued on Page Four)'  SEVERAL- TIMES, we have palled attention to  the fact that this war is as much psychofogi- -  cal as it is physical.  There  has, been  developed  a. peculiar psy- '  chic   condition  in   Germany  which   apparently  affects all the German people, which in the first  place led to the war, and which at the present  time causes the war to continue.  The state referred to produces the belief  among all Germans that they are essentially  different and essentially superior to all the rest  of humanity.  The Briton may feel a little jealous of this  assumption, for there used to be the idea that  such 'an opinion was held by the Briton of  himself and of his  race.  But if that has ever been so, the Briton  never developed such a clear case of obsession  with the belief of his own greatness as has  taken possession of the German mind at this  time.  Partly this is the result of an obsession  which has possessed the brain of the Hoh-  enzollerris from the time of the old Landgrave,  AheXFather- of -Frederick the -Great.- - There  has been a strain of madness in this family all  down .the line, recurrinar in violent form in the  person of the present Kaiser.  Partly this state of mind has been inculcated deliberately by every means available  to affect the minds and mental eonditions of  the German peoples. The schools, the universities, the army, the church, the organization of.  the social life of the people, the socialistic movement, the conservative element, all, everything  has been bent and constantly used to bring the  mind of Germany to this point, to the .end that  when DER TAG came it might find .the nation  welded into a great fighting machine before  which nothing could stand.  The effect has been remarkable, and is still  stiffening the ranks of the German military  machine on the one hand, and of the German  people in supporting that machine on the other.  The   psychological   position   of   the   British'  could hardly have been found in a more opposite condition to all this.  _     The   peoplei of  Britain   have   been   directed  into essentially altruistic lines of thought and  action.  The development of the empire which has  brought into the closest relations all races ^ of  mankind has destroyed the insular assumption  of racial superiority.  The activities of the church has been almost entirely missionary, teaching the doctrine  of the essential equality of man.  The commercial organization of Britain  founded on free trade has tended to the cosmopolitan thought of the equality of all in  tfade. ;���������/  The school activities have taught many languages as official in the empire.    ���������  The citizenship of. the empire has been extended to all mankind.  The non-military spirit of the people, not  to say the anti-military spirit; has unfitted  them, as far as such a spirit can, for such a  military, crisis as has burst over them.  In all these and other ways the British were  found and are still unprepared.  France was a republic content to go on with  her own affairs and had neither held or taught  a vendetta against Germany.  (Continued on Page Four)"  THE PRESENT CONDITION of the City of  Vancouver is not one to be proud of. Unemployment is the bane of the city's existence  at this time. But that is nothing new. The city  has from the first been like a fire which has  warmed itself by its own consumption.  During the times of activity in the city there  was little in it but the activity of city building  and associate activities.  Residences were going up by the thousand.  Business buildings were being multiplied rapidly.  Sky scrapers were the order of the day. Street  making, park making, and so on, sounded the  activities of the community.  The institution of such industries as would  establish a pay roll earned by the industries  of. the people were not inaugurated on/a large  scale.  When the war broke out the only thing  that, presented itself to the council was the desperate effort to go. on with this kind of work  in order to give work to the unemployed.  - ' That there is no gain in setting a man to  employ and pay himself at non-productive work  never appeared to commend itself to the - council.' That the saime principle applies to the  community as to the individual is still further  from their grasp.  /Fill the treasury with new taxes. Sell the  people's property to pay the taxes so levied.  Make the community eat itself up in the shortest  possible time. This has been in effect the watchword of the representatives at the 'council board.  Well, they apparently are at the end of  their resources, and can think of no other plan.  But the p'ity of it is that their resources, have  only one end. That end was the first thing  they came to and they have been able to go no  further. It. is a pity for the city and those  who dwell therein. But the time will pass, and  the city will bye and bye find men who have  some initiative and these will pull-it out' of  the hole, we trust.  THE STRIKE IN WALES  NEW WORLD CENTRE  FOR COMMERCE  THE  NEW WORLD  CENTRE  developing  at  the  east end of the Mediterranean.   Those  who have kept in touch withjthe movement  %*2 events havf������ at their fingersj ends informa-  'tion regarding one' of the greatest movements  which modern times has 'seen in the movement  of emigration and commerce.  But very few have pieced together the items  of information, and therefore are ignorant as  to the significance of the events which are transpiring. Take a map of the world at this time and  piece some of these things together and perhaps there will be.a great deal of light shed  on the matters that the nations are striving for  ..in the present struggle in Europe and .Asia.  At first it will be seen that the war which  is now proceeding, is not essentially a war .of  Europe exclusively, but that it is also a war  of Asia.  This has been, of course, recognized by all  but that it is more essentially a war of Asia  than of Europe is  not readily seen.  The fight now on is a fight for the control  of a new world centre .as much as for the outlet of "the German- Empire on" the English Channel or the fight of the Russians for an outlet  on the Mediterranean.  Where   is   that   new. world   centre?  Tn the neighborhood of the Suez Canal..  You will see by looking at the map of the  world that here and there continents meet in  what the old Hebrew writ'ers termed the "navel  of the land."  Europe.   Asia   and   Africa,   while   not   each  touching the other, lie very close together and  the land   connection   except   for   the   Dardan-  . elles is continuous.    , -        ,.       ^  ���������  Now, glance at the railroad development in  this quarter. The European railroads are complete to Constantinople, and the lines are being now pushed by the Germans toward the  border of Egypt.  Cecil Rhodes at one end, and Kitchener at  the other, began to build the Cape to Cairo  Railroad, and the same with water connections  is   now   usable.  The Russians undertook and carried out the  Transiberian road which links up this region  with the Pacific coast of. Asia.  The Bagdad railroad is under way and is  destined to reach Persia and India.  The Great Northern system has secured  the American and Canadian charters and have  tried hard, and are still supposed to be trying, to get the right to build north across B. C.  and Alaska, thence crossing Behring Straits to  Siberia to link up with the Transiberian road.  Much of these great systems are built, and  the end is in sight,. Now, what can there be at  the meeting place of these great systems, but  the greatest world centre for travel and commerce. Add to this the Suez Canal, bringing the  overseas commerce of all the seven seas, and  you have the, result.  This result is destined tp be the greatest  centre of -the world ?s activity.  Germany has seen this for a long time, and  is desperately striving to capture it.  Britain has seen and has secured the control of it, and is now fighting <>n the Dardanelles to retain the control of it.  The nation which finally controls this will control the heart of the future world, and we are  of the opinion that what Britain has she will  hold.  WELL, WHAT CAN BE SAID in the face of  this new danger; this danger from withinf  The narrowness of the lives of the miners in  the Welsh valleys' must be taken into account  iri trying to understand this regretable matter.  Since ever the coal mining industry began in  Wales certain families and communities have  followed the work of the coal mines.  In many of the valleys there are few but  coal miners living. There haye been few, but  coal miners living there for many generations.  These families and communities have intermarried and interlived mentally and physically  for generations. u  The other* parts of the communities have  been negligible and have been outside of the  life of the miner.  Their reading,, thinking and talking has all  been circumscribed, arid as far as the Ijjmpire  has been and is concerned they have had no  opportunity or desire to form a conscious part  of it. ^ '  The mines and.the life among them are their  world. The literature which deals with the conditions of their labor is their field of literature.  They are of our race in blood. They are within our empire and enjoy the rights of the franchise and so on, but mentally they are not of  vs. A complete organism within the empire,  , tbey are a menace to the health of the bo<Jy  politic, because the exercise of the functions of  their, life as they, know it mijy interfere with the  exercise of the larger functions of the life of the  Empire.  They do not realize as others do, the dangers  of  the   moment,   but  only  an   exceptional  opportunity to bring about a reform within their '  smaller sphere.  The time is short to enlarge their vision  but it must be done. Later there must be action taken to preyent part of a community from  being wholly swallowed by one pursuit. There  must be laws made preventing the father and  all his sons from following such a beaten path  to the exclusion of all other community experiences.   But that will have, to come later.  , There is-'a great heart in the Welsh manhood. History assures that much. . It must be  reached and - quickly. '  The best way will"be to send the men back  to work on their own terms subject, to appeal  to a tribunal in. which they will .have confidence.;  If these men are put on their honor, and especially on their generosity, and: then sufficient  pains are taken to lead them, to a knowledge  of the facts of the moment,_ theVe is almost a  certainty that the men will offer more liberal  terms than are asked of them. ������  Above all they must be assured that their  terms must go for the benefit of. the state and  not for the enriching of the individual owners  of the mine.  This may be done largely by sending some  of them to the front to see the conditions and  n:������lter of the Averkers in the munition factories,  sacrifices of the boys there, as was done in tbe  The hope is that before this appears there  will  have  been  a  resumption of the  activities  of the mines.  ���������   #    ���������   ���������   ���������  The   great  coal  strike  is  settled.   All  will  -feci like saying Thank God.     The -strikers re-_  n'ind me of an aged ordained lay preacher.  The old gentleman was much beloved, and  haviug been sriven ordination was much sought  after 1o conduct funeral services in the absence of the clerical incumbent. These events  happen all too frequently, because it"is not in  the power of the passing to arrange the time  of their death.  Baptisms   and   marriages,   however,    could  await the presence of tbe regular pastor, so tbat-  it fell out-that the aged brother was not called  upon often to fulfill these functions.  However, the time came when there was a  hurried call to perform the marriage ceremony  in the absence of the clergyman, so the old brother Avas called in to officiate.  As accustomed, he opened his book and began  to read the burial service.  The horrified groomsman stopped him and  suggested that he Avas reading the Avrong service.  "Oh. I jjuess it is all  right," said the aged  man. ''1 have never used any other."  Well, that is like the miners. They have been  called upon to take part in the great controversy of Europe, and they know no other means  of doing so than to strike.  Both the aged man and the miners had the  service pat enough, . but under the circumstances they Avere both of them slightly out of  place.  Vancouver Exhibition Entries  close  August  2nd.   425 Pacific Building.  The great aeroplane which is being built in  Toronto for the British government will be the  most poAverful in the Avorld, and will be known  as  the 'Canada.'  The death is reported in the tOAvnship of Bay-  ham, Elgin county, Ontario, of John H. Dennis.  a farmer, Avhose Aveight was 569 pounds. His  Avaist measure Avas nine feet, his chest eight feet.  The funeral casket was 30 by 36 by 6 feet, and  the body had to be carried outside and put into  it where it lay under a ten. TAvelve ment placed  the, casket on a dray. THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, July 23; 1915.  ATHABASCA RIVER COUNTRY  The areas of-arable land in the  great north-west of Canada are  admittedly so extensive and important, and there has been such  a large accumulation of evidence  as to the latent wealth of this  most promising region, that with,  the object of enabling the reader to more readily grasp it, and  to assist him "in locating the  main geographical features, we  have divided it into divisions of  the great river basins.  Last week we discussed the  great division in the south-west  portion of the Mackenzie basin  called the "Peace River Region."  This Aveek we Avill take up the  easterly section of this territory  known as the Athabasca country."  Athabasca River, which is the  most southerly of the three great  tributaries of the Mackenzie, rises in the Rocky Mountains, near  Mount Brown, at an altitude of  five thousand seven hundred feet,  and pursues a northeasterly   and  northerly course for nearly seven  hundred miles to Athabasca lake,  which is over three hundred miles  north of Edmonton, falling in this  distance some five thousand feet,  and being interrupted by several  series of rapids. Iri the first 300  miles of its course it falls about  4000  feet,  and receives in succession  Baptiste  river from the  west, the Macleod and Pembina  from the south, and the Lesser  Slave, draining the large lake of  that name from the west. Below  its confluence with the last named  stream,    the    Athabasca    turns  southeastward for some fifty miles  and resumes its northerly course.  In the next one hundred and fif-  |ty miles it receives in succession  La  Biehe   river  from  the   east;  Calling river from the west; Big  Mouth brook from the east; Pelican  river  from  the west,  and  House river from the east.     Just  below the last-river the Athabasca strikes a range of low hills,  and in forcing a passage through  them is deflected eastward  and  for a distance of about seventy-  five miles contains many rapids,  f.ailing  some  400  feet.  At    the  loAver end of this stretch it receives the waters of the  Clearwater river, its principal tributary   below   Lesser  Slave   river.  The    Clearwater   rises   on   the  height    of    land    between    the  Churchill and the Athabasca, and  pursuing a nearly straight westerly course for some one hundred  and fifty iailes, mingles its limpid waters with the sediment-laden flood of the latter stream. Jfn  the lower part of its course the  Clearwater occupies a deep valley and Js very rapid. Thirty or  forty miles above its mouth it is  joined by the Pembina, a stream  of about equal volume. Below the  mouth   of the  Clearwater    the  Athabasca pursues a nearly direct course northward, receiving  the Red, Moose and Bar rivers  from the west, and enters Athabasca lake through a' number of  chanels    including    alluvial    islands.  PINE AKTS BUILDING, VANCOUVER EXHIBITION  The Old Horticultural Building Has! been, Renovated, Redecorated and Handsomely Fitted up with Screens, etc., and Is how an excellent  House for Fine Arts Display.  Rennie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta Grain and Feed Store  1547 Main Street  Our Specialty  Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables  Free City  Delivery  Phone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver,,B. O.  Lake Athabasca was known to  the pioneer fur traders and explorers as "Lake of the Hills"  and is so described by Mackenzie and others.  The   country   drained  by  the  Athabasca   is   mainly   a   rolling  plain, and Avith the exception of  a few areas of semi-prairie land,  is   well   wooded   with   a 'forest  composed mainly of spruce, fir,  tamarack, poplar, birch and wil-  low. A large part, of its surface  is   occupied   by   mossy  swamps,  called muskegs, and hundreds of  ponds and lakes, of which Lesser Slave, seventy miles in length,  is by far the largest, occupy its  shallow valleys. The muskegs between   the   Athabasca   and   the  Peace can all be drained and cultivated. They are from a foot to  three feet deep until you strike  hardpan.   The   moss  keeps     the  heat of the sun out. At Chipe-  wyan on Athabasca lake there is  a farm which was  originally a  muskeg,  right among the Laurent ian    rocks,   and   they   grow  wheat  there  that  was  awarded  a medal  at  the  Centennial Ex-  I  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. X District, also  All kinds of Will Wood  Phone: Fair. 1554  "Pride of the West"  ��������������������������� BRANP������������������  OTOU.UA SHIETS, PANTS ana MACKINAW  OWWJNCr  WAJTOFAOTTOEP JN VANCOUVER  By  MACKAY SMITH, BUJR & CO., LTD-  "Buy Goods Made at Borne, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor, Frank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  position. Immense areas have  been swept by fire, sometimes repeatedly, and in some places the  original forest covering has been  destroyedand small prairies have  succeeded!  The first information obtained  as to the possibilities of Athabasca basin came from the explorers    and    travellers passing  through the most northerly portion of it on their way to Peace  nyer, Great Slave lake and the  Mackenzie, via the old canoe rout"  by   Methye   portage     arid     the  Clearwater. In more recent years  particularly since the inauguration of steamboat communication  along the long navigable stretches of the Athabasca and the   Mackenzie; the favorite route to the  Par northwest has been down the  Athabasca from Athabasca, and,  as is only natural, our knowledge  of. the resources of the country  has greatly increaseci.  ''.'������������������; The climatic conditions of the  various parts of Athabasca valley vary -considerably according  to location; The more open por-  tions of the upper part of theV  valley; though lying at a considerable  altitude,  enjoy the  Chinook winds, which so temper the  climate that it compares favorably with hiore easterly regions  lying much farther south. Lack  of detailed" data"precludes"~ the  possibility of comparing absolutely the climatic conditions of .the  upper and lower Athabasca; but  the effects of the Chinook winds  are felt to some extent throughout the entire course of the river.  One traveller has said that   the  conditions are entirely good for  agriculture,  judging  from what  he saw himself and from what  people   tojd   him.   He   also   explains that the difference in latitude is neutralized by the great  drop in altitude and the influence  of the warm Chinook wind. McMurray, while two hundred miles  further north than Edmonton, is  but eight hundred and fifty feet  above sea level, while Edmonton  bad an altitude of. two thousand  two hundred feet.       X  .    .    ���������  The climate of Athabasca lake  is not radically different from  that of the other parts of the  Mackenzie region, which ,ire practically removed from the influence of the, warm Pacific winds.  Though it lies at a low altitude,  the proximity of the lake to the  "Barren Ground," from which  winds are frequent, keeps its  average   temperature   somewhat  slept out every night, sometimes  under a tent and sometimes in  the open. Once for twenty-one  days in January he did .not need  his coat in the middle of the day.  Another early explorer mentions a phenomenon which has a  considerable bearing on the agricultural possibilities of the  country, namely the quick change  from winter to summer and the  rapid growth of vegetation.  Speaking of the advent of. spring  at Chipewyan, he says: "There  can scarcely be a higher gratification than that which is enjoyed in this country in witnessing the rapid change which takes  place in a few days in the spring.  Scarcely does the snow disappear from the ground before the  trees are clothed with thick foliage, the shrubs open their leaves  and put forth their variegated  flowers, and the whole prospect  becomes ^animating."  In order to fix the localities  and places mentioned, it might  be explained that Athabasca is  the most southerly post on the  Athabasca river about seventy  mil es north of Edmonton ahd  recently connected with it by  rail. McMurray is about one  hundred and thirty miles farther  down the river, and construction  work is being pushed forward  on this section so that it may  not be long before this place will  also; enjoy transportation facilities.  Chipewyan is one hundred miles  farther north on Lake Athabasca  opposite where the Athabasca  river enters the lake, near where  the lake empties into the Slave  river, and not far from where the  Peace River joins the Slave.  Regarding the agricultural  possibilities of this country, it  might be said that wheat and  other grains have been grown  successfully in almost any part  of the territory. All the ordinary vegetables- grown in the  more southerly portions of the  west are grown with the greatest success. Mixed farming would  appear to be ah industry which  most readily adapts itself to northern conditions. It is undeniable  that northern latitudes increase  the likelihood of summer frosts.  If, however, live stock is kept,  the larger yield of grain to the  acre, even if slightly frosted,  will pay quite as well converted into beef Or^ pork as a smaller  yield of the-better- quality-grain  in more southern latitudes.  The timber resources of the  country are very considerable, a  matter of not a little importance in a new country. All along  the rivers and lakes there is good  timber. There are millions of  fords of spruce for pulp wood.  On the lower levels of the Athabasca, through to Athabasca lake  there is a heavy growth of spruce  and black bark poplar, all the  way along. There is an abundance  of timber in the vicinity of Chipewyan, and in the Athabasca  delta there are as fine spruce as  >re to be found in any part of  '���������he. northwest, some trees measure two feet and a half in dia:  meter and are very tall.  The country is very rich in  minerals, and the natural wealth  in this respect includes gold, iron,  coal, irypsum, salt, sulphur, galena, natural gas, petroleum, tar  sands or asphaltum. ���������'On Lake Athabasca at Black bay, there is  ^rst-elass galena���������none better. It  carries gold, silver and copper.  \ man who has devoted his whole  -^t^ntion to prospecting for petroleum for many years said that  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST;  VANCOU VER; B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF .  Light and  Heavy Harness; Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always"  on hand.  BUGGIES,  WAGONS,  Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS -SUPPLIES  i LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942. 1101 Dominion Building.  3500 MILES OF  RAILWAY SINCE 1905  That practically -35C0 miles of  railway lines were constructed in  Saskatchewan since  1905  is. revealed in a report prepared  by  the provincial department.oF railways at Regina.     In ten years'  time the "railway mileage in the  province has been almost quadrupled.   The  report   points   out  that in 1905, in a journey across  the plains entrance to .Sas'ratche-  wah by rail from the east might  have been made at seven different points and exit to the west  at two  different pbintsV Today,  entrance from the east may   be  made at thirteen different points  and  exit to  the   west  at  eight  different points.   Whilst railway  ���������extension work has been pushed  in all directions the greatest development    has    been    notably  along east and west lines, indicating the general direction traffic has taken in its way to available markets.    The report points  to  the  fact  that  the  increased  productivity    of    Saskatchewan  farms during the last decade necessitated additional branch lines  to bring the farmer within such  distance of transportation facilities as would p.errait of the profitable pursuit of his calling, and  the branches were- required by  the companies themselves to serve  as  feeders  to  the  trunk  lines.  Measured in terms of acreage the  possibilities suggested by this increased    railway    mileage    are  striking; Taking the" increase in  round numbers to ��������� have been 3,-  500 miles, and fixing the distance  on each side of.the line for pro  fitable farming at ten miles, a total   increase   of   area   has   been  | made available for occupation under , conditions of advantage  amounting to almost 45,000,000  acres. Probably hot more than  one-fourth of this is as yet under  aultivation, but, the report .indicates each year will see more of  this area tilled, and with even  only two-thirds of. it producing,  prospects for a very large volume of traffic for the lines already built can be readily foreseen. X'X.     x-'j-v   ������������������--  Vancouver V Exhibition Entries  close August 2nd. 425 Pacific  Building.        X  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE  &  GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.'  Parliamentary- Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioner*  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of tbe  Bar of British Columbia.       ���������  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  ; |NBH;|" .^ifWwW.'  ri  4_ffltt___r  occo  y  "BOUGH ON ItATS" clears put  rats, mice, etc. Don't die in the.  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. t.f.  - *     -#  ~   ���������������  ������.*.. ���������      ���������,~-        ,u~v������u-J        ^   4/44iO      PUXU        l/Uai/  low.    An occasional warm   west j this .region contained the larg-est  linn #3        +���������-������-, ������. J.1     _   _ * , ��������� .. * .   *\ ~,     ft     '  X-        .    -.    _ . - "  [jwind tempers the*climate in winter. The lake closes in November  and opens about the middle of  May.  A traveller who has been going into the Athabasca-Peace  country for eight years, and had  been there five winters, stated  that he never saw a very deep  snow fall in that country. He  felt pretty sure that the Chinook  winds go through the Athabasca  lake. He remarked that in that  country in the winter he did not  suffer as much from cold as he  had suffered in Ottawa, and he  quantity of oil indications he had  ever seen. The famous "Tar  Sands" of the Athabasca are,  perhaps,. the richest deposit of  this kind known in the world.  Tn places this formation is one  hundred and. fifty. feet thick and  is so saturated that pure tar  nozes out of .the bank and streams  down the.slope into the river. It  continues for forty miles.  . This region is also rich in game  fish and fur-bearing animals and  there is also abundance of water-  power available . for industrial  purposes.  You Can Save Money  By  Using  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  Eight IT 25 Cents  , THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  32 Rides on  TangoTickets  $100  Your Saving on  $1 Investment  60c  32 Rides at  a 5 cent fare  $1.60  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B. C. ELECTRIC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  Good (without transfer) on any B. C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. until midnight.  "Q. B." Means    Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  "Q. B." Means   Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B." Means "Made in B. C."  by White Help.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd. Friday, July 23, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  NOTES BY THE WAY  By W. A. Ellisf *  It is not the  Germans'  fault  [there has not been another Lusi-  (tania disaster. The Cunarder Or-  jduna escaped a like fate by about  , ten yards. Does this mean another  carefully worded protest withre-  f erences^to German humanity and  past friendship' from the .United  States?   I should not be surpris-  ed-if it did,  "XX .':x*v ���������'���������'���������, v  The Canadian Expeditionary  A/jtynoty x.'^xxv'  When ypu ttead again and  again in the preas of the gallantry of the Canadian forces at  the front, and then turn oyer  the next page of your paper and  read the casualty lists and find  that about 75 or 80 per cent, are  British born sons of England,  Ireland and Scotland, one seems  to imagine that the more appropriate name for that force would  be "The British Overseas Contingent from Canada." Please do  not imagine that I am churlish,  rather, I am sad to have to admit this truth, and if one doubts  it let him walk around the  streets of this city for a day and  watch the o strong able-bodied  young men loafing around.  With such a glorious h������ad as  that given by the government of  Canada and the party leaders,  one is simply astounded to see  how few of Canada's own sons  have taken up arms against the  greatest danger that ever threatened the freedom of mankind.  Large sums of money for the  maintenance of the forces are  given without a murmer, private  citizens are also lavish with cash,  but the fact remains that the  great deeds of valor for which  Canada is getting the credit are  being won .by those who are new  settlers and not native born sons  of-the soil, and as most of these  men are young, it goes without  saying that they-must-have" migrated to this part of the globe  within the past 10 years.  " Talk is very cheap,.money can  be spared, but are we going to  let it be said in after years that  so Jew of Canada's native sons  went forth to" defend this fair inheritance that God has given  them from the brutal tyranny of  the German.  . The very patriotism of Canada  is called into question by such  meagre volunteering, Will Canada's sons allow this? Will he  stand hesitant, careless, or indifferent whilst his British born brother sheds his blood to prevent  his country being handed over to  the hosts of hell? I cannot think  so. Remember, we are at the test,  and your children and their children's children will know, for  your honour or your shame, whether you have proved yourself  worthy tb enjoy the blessings of  freedom and justice which can  only be found neath pur common  flag, the Union Jack.  *   ���������-#-���������'  The British government cannot expect to prevent strikes  v/hilst they allow such lying curs  as Kier Hardie and Ramsay Macdonald to remain at large and  members of parliament. German  money? Of course there is plenty of it, and if Judas Iscariot  would sell the Son of God, so  there are men to-day that would  sell Great Britain. The British  government has passed the de-  II Quarts for $1������Q0  Cfuwnl^ecl above the     All our roilfc comes from  stawJarcl in kB\$et fat.     tuberculin tested cows.  ���������v ,���������-.,.  Jf a.ny ^Person can prove tbaiow milk  isuptp^  ���������fttfjy ipnate $50.00 to any charitable  ^nstitutiou fa tbe city. X  .Delivered, to your Borne Paily  roUXREST DAIRY  Pbone: Fair. 1934  131 15th Avenue W.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  LIMITED  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  fence of the realm act. Why on  earth do they not enforce it.  ' *"��������� .* \*  A resolution to the B. C. Conservative . Association calling for  a' monster - convention ��������� to be held  in this city-^twas passed unanimously at- the^ last meeting of the  Vancouver Conservative Asociation.  This is just the thing required, straight talks between party  leaders and their supporters to  clear the atmosphere. If there  is, any cleaning to be done, judging by the temper of last Friday's meeting, I should say Vancouver Conservatives will be able  to do their own.  ���������; **/'r ���������������������������- ���������' .  Naval Profit and Loss Account  (Official)  Great Britain Lost-  Battleships  6  Cruisers   ..... ....... 11  Torpedo Boat Destroyers .. 2  Submarines   ............... 3  total  ..............22  Germany lost��������� .  Battleships  0  Cruisers  .18  Gunboats 6  Torpedo   Boat   Destroyers.. 11  Submarines 19  < interned   ...���������.���������������������������������������������. o  Total  ��������� ��������� ��������� .'��������� ��������� 9������y  In actual tonnage Great Britain has lost more than Germany.  V * ��������� * ������������������ ������������������  The Mainland Iron Works and  a bomb���������Oh, yes! and a few  more places if we do not intern  the Huns. .  ��������� ���������������������������'���������  I congratulate Mr. Charles  Henshaw on his appointment as  recruiting officer for this district.  Capital fellow, Mr. Henshaw���������  to buy candies for a young lady's  school���������but hardly the individual  for a recruiting officer.  '���������'���������: X  ' :'��������� ������������������ *    '���������' '  I should like to know what Mr.  James Pindlay did to be placed  at the head of affairs for the city  in the sending home of mechanics to the old coiintry. Another  case of. other people do the work  and busybodies get the kudos, I  think.  ANGELIC HELP AT MOWS  All Saints (Clifton, Eng.) Parish Magazine publishes the foi-.  lowing remarkable story,, headed  '.' The Angelic Guard at Mons.''  The magazine says it is a well authenticated account which has  been banded them by a friend-  Last Sunday I met Miss; M.,  daughter of the well-known Canon M., and she told me she knew  two officers both of .whom had  themselves seen the angls  which saved pur left wing from  the Germans when they came  ri������ht upon them during the retreat from Mons.  They expected annihilation, as  they were almost helpless, when  to their amazement, the Germans  stood like dazed men, never so  much as touched'their guns, nor  stirred till we had turned round  and escaped by some cross-roads.  One of Miss M's. friends, who  was not a religious man, told  ber that he saw a troop of angels between us and the enemy.  He has been a changed man ever  since.  The other man she met in London. She asked him if. he had  heard the wonderful stories of  angels. He said he had seen them  himself under the following circumstances :  When he and his company were  l'etreating, they heard the German cavalry tearing after them.  They saw a place where they  thought a stand might be made,  with sure hope of safety; but  before they could reach it the  German cavalry were upon them.  They, therefore, turned round  and faced the enemy, expecting  nothing but instant death, when,  to their wonder, they saw, between  them  and  the  enemy,  a  whole troop of angels. The German horses turned round terrified, and regularly stampeded.  The men tugged at their bridles  while the poor beasts tbre away  in every direction from our men.  This officer swore he' saw the  angels which the horses saw  plainly enough. This gave them  time to reach the little fort, or  whatever it was, and save themselves.  Comments by the Vicar of All  Saints'  The Rev. M. P. Gillson, Vicar  of All SainsV iu a letter on the  subject    says:    ���������You   will,    I  think, be no less surprised than  I have to find that our modest  little   "Parish   Magazine"    has  suddenly    sprung    into    worldwide  notoriety;  every post for  the last three weeks has brought  letters from all oyer the country,  not asking merely for single copies but for dozens of copies, enclosing a quite embarrassing number of stamps and postal orders,  the more so since as there were  no more '' Magazines" to be had.  The "Church Family Newspaper"  discovered "The Angelic Guard  at  Mons"  and reprinted it as  from our "Magazine." The prospect of Angels really doing something seems to have moved the  readers of that paper with profound astonishment, and I have  been asked to  publish it as  a  leaflet;   and   I   have   been   told  that it is my duty to make public the names and ranks of the  officers referred to; and generally to devote the remainder of  my days to asking people to believe that Angels are real.   And  all the time one wonders '.mildly at; so much astonishment; for  the story as quoted in our "Magazine "is surely exactly what we  should all have expected to happen.   It  is   precisely what   we  have  been   praying    all    along  should take place. What do these  good people make of the Collect  for Michaelmas Day? What do  they expect to be the result of  using"   such    a    prayer.      Why  should it seem more strange that  a regiment of Prussian Cavalry  should be held up by a company  of angels, and their horses stampeded, and our infantry delivered from a hopeles. position, than  that an Angel with flaming sword  should have withstood Balaam, or  that S. Peter .should have been  delivered from the hand of Herod by the intervention of an an-  -jgel ?   Do they really relegate all  such  miracles to "Bigle days,"  and believe that when the church  made  up   the   Canon  of   Holy  Scripture she also brought to a  close the age of miracles ?     Jt  would seem so, but that is assuredly not the view which Catholics hold of the interest which  bur Heavenly Father takes in His  children." He shall give His angels  charge  over thee to * keep  thee in all thy ways" is as true  we believe to-day as when the  Psalmist wrote it.     And all of  us must have heard from time to  time stories of. the   ministry of the  Holy Angels vouchsafed in our  day. JXdoV not, _-therefore, ^propose to do the work of the Psychical Research' Committee  and  investigate  the   matter   in ��������� the  cause of science, since to me it  seems so entirely probable. That  the  belief in  some such occurrence is widely prevalent is plain  from the different sources from  which  the story has come.  Let  me give two such instances. The  first is an extract from an officer's letter:  "I myself saw the  Angels who saved our left wing,  from the Germans during the retreat from Mons.     We heard the  German cavalry tearin gafter us  and ran for a place where   we  thought a stand could be made  with some hope of safety,    but  before  we   could  reach  it  they  were upon us.   We turned and  faced  the  enemy,  expecting  instant death. When to our wonder  Ave saw between us and the en-  emyi a  whole  troop  of Angels;  the horses of the Germans turned round frightened out of their  senses; they regularly stampeded,  the men tugging at their bridles,  Jos. M. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: North Vancouver 103  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  SHIP BUILDERS-SCOWS���������REPAIRS  MARINE RAILWAY  North Vancouver, B. C.  while the horses tore away in  every direction. from our men.  Evidently the horses saw the angels as plainly as we did, and  the delay gave us time tb reach a  place of safety."  Another contribution comes  from a more unexpected source;  a captain in charge of German  prisoners states that these men  say it is no use: to fight the  English, for at Mons " there were  people fighting for them," that  they saw angels above and in  front of the lines, also that it is  happening at Ypres. X  Now I am not prepared to produce  irresistible proofs  of Xthe  truths of these statements, given  in good faith by officers and men  who were eye-witnessesof what  they relate; to me it seems a  matter of comparatively small importance whether it happened so  or not; what does appear to me  of grave importance, is that the  readers of the "Churchy Family  Newspaper','  shouldXsihow  such  unfeigned   astonishment   at  the  possibility of such an event; for  they are practically adopting the  attitude of Matthew Arnold that  " Miracles do not happen."   The  incident is just an instance of  the thoroughly materialistic wa4  rationalistic outlook of Chris-  tianpeople in our day. They  start with the strong conviction  that miracles, if not impossible,  <-*  are at least in the last degree improbable, and so they welcome the  theology, which taking its rise  in Germany, has been adopted by  a certain school in this country,  and seeks by explaining away  miracles in general to save in  from any strain that the Bible  makes upon faith. Such teaching  may have no attractions for those  who read this magazine, but we  may not forget that we live more  or less in an atmosphere of tin-  belief and we are bound to take  precautions to protect ourselves.  As an example of the polite astuteness or astute politeness of  the Chinese, at a feast the sweets'  are served first, 'then the mate  and what not, and, last of all, a.  bowl of dry boiled rice���������a gentle  hint that everybody should have  had enough.  V Anv attempt was made on the  life of the Emperor William in      .<,?  Belgium last month.  A railway X?1- x  bridge   was  blown  up   a  few ;'VX  minutes before the Imperial train XXX  bearing the Emperor was due to x;X ;  pass over it.  The locomotive wmxHX  stopped barely in time to avert"*''",<  disaster.   German    officials   said /s������~"  that the bridge was mined at the /'X'.������-  beginning of the war, but never- XX-  theless   it   became   known   that ';*', A' '���������  numerous arrests of German fold-  ;'X; ���������  iers were made.  rliir-  THE STOVE THAT HELPS YOU HURRY  WITH a NEW PERFECTION Oil Cookstover  you don't have to wait for the fire to come up.  Just icratch a  match ���������the NEW  PERFECTION  lights instantly, like a gas stove.   Your meal is prepared  and on the table in no time.  A NEW PERFECTION in your kitchen mean, cool, comfortable cooking all summer. Made in 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner lizei.  At hardware and department stores everywhere; If your dealer  cannot supply you, write us direct.  ROVALITBOIL  gives      |yp 1  Oil  BBST RESULTS  ION  IS  'NOW SERVING  2,000.000  HOMES"  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  BRANCHES IN  ALL CITIES  Made in  Canada  EXHIBIT OF LIVESTOCK AT ONE OF VANCOUVER'S FORMER EXHIBITIONS  LAWN   SEED  FERTILIZER  SEED OATS  Early Rose .Seed Potatoes  Grace Darling Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Reliance Seed Potatoes  F. T. VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT FEED STORE  255 BROADWAY EAST Two Phones: Fair 186 and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Chick Food for Bert Results I.t'f._.  V  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, July 23, 1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  H. H. STEVENS, M. P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY     >  ;BY THE '/A' ..-������������������-.y  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont. 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  ���������Mm**     >���������**������������������  CONSCRIPTION OR  VOLUNTARY SERVICE  AGAIN WE revert to the war.   There is little  of importance compared with this theme this  .   summer.   The enigma of the war at this time  is Russia.   She is still falling back before the  Teuton hosts, and there is always the danger that  it is because she cannot do otherwise.  ' The roads are at this time of the year most  favorable to the Germans. Dry and hard they,  offer almost as good facilities for transport as  could the railways,- and if they keep; in this  condition long enough they will rob the Grand  Duke of much of the advantage bf his retreat.  It is to be expected that the roads will'continue in this condition during August and perhaps for a part of September. Then there may  be expected the September rains.  After that there will, perhaps beV the fine autumn weather and roads again. Then the winter rains and shows. ';���������, ���������  These latter in the present stage of the campaign will be what the ^Russians will desire.  But can they sustain the pressure for the length  of time. .-.  ,. Should, however, the weather break and spoil  the roads, catching the Germans far from, their  railroad bases and far into the territory of the  Russians, then there would be grave danger for  the Teuton hordes.  Supposing that Russia has put forth her  effort and is unable to do more than delay the  inevitable end, jvhat will then happen to the  allies? '.' . v ������������������''���������'���������;���������  Well, Prance is as yet at -the zenith of her  strength. Her-^reserves of men,, like: those of  Germany, are all callecT to the colors, and the  fight as far as France is concerned will hgve to  be made with the armies assembled.  She should be able to enter a death grapple  with Germany, and perhaps could force matters  to a stalemate. But under those circumstances  could hardly hope to do more.  Italy may be trusted to keep Austria busy  it is to be presumed. -   -       ^   V  This would leave Great Britain to act as  the. balance of power in the field;  Now, Britain hate not been a military nation, and has notyetV brought her full' strength  to bear. If all the Eihpire were fully organized there could be no question but that Britain would easily turn the Scaled and that without  loss of time. XPut she is not fully organized and  cannot now be fully organised in time to put  forth all her strength iii"this wiiy.  She has to watch herJown shores., and prevent invasion V V ���������,'���������'���������' '' A:k.XXX :VX ��������� J{  True, there is the- fleet; But it must never  be forgotten that at this inie all the inventive  faculties of mehXare bent to finding means  to destroy^J^jSwnterJw^^  Xhe other nations. There'is no telling what day  ther<������ will appear a weapon against which the  British fleet will he helpless. X X   ,  The submarine was trusted to work but this  problem. But like the Zeppelin, the submarine  is found to be a very vulnerable weapon. It  is at' the mercy, of any cluster of lightly armed scoutboats. Even a bunch; of armed trawlers  are more than a match for the submarine.  When the neutral states are convinced that  the neutral and unarmed belligerent shipping  are as much endangered by the submarine as are  The ships of war then they will sanction the  arming: of the merchant ship. These sailing  in company will then be reasonably safe, being  able to protect e���������ch other.  ^ But from the air there is real danger. Not  ��������� rom the gas bag, perhaps, but from the giant  planes which are being or will be built.  Therefore, behind the navy, Britain must  have an army capable of defence against an  army of millions. ���������  This need limits the number of men Britain  can send abroad. But still there will take the  field at least a million and a half of men from  Britain. Now, an army of that strength should  have a decisive effect on the fortunes of the day.  Germany has fought a good fight agaihst Russia, but she has done so at awful cost, and the  flower of her army will never fightagain. Therefore the posjtion today ii that the so-called vie*  tones of Germany against Russia has so bled  Germany in men, munitions and comfort that  she.will-be in worse condition than if. she had  kept her troop? facing the foe on the borders.  They are facing the foe at the border for all  time, as it is, silent in the grave, or they have  returned to the fatherland maimed and helpless   lor htrthiT   i:jj'i>ry   effort  The matt.-r s.-ems to resolve itself thus hy  any method of computation. The hosts of Europe are falling^day by day. The strength of  Britain coming last into the field must finally  turn the scale. ,  But' in order that this mav be so decisively  the strength of Britain must be mustered, and  therefore the call for every man to volunteer  It is necessary, and if there can be any glory in  ���������u a war it is  a  glorious  occasion.   It  will  to something to be proud of all through life, or  it will  be an .occasion for a glorious passing.  Let every man, therefore, who has the advantage of beinji within the age limit offer his  services to the cause at this'time. It surely is  the Cause of God and of humanity.  Vancouver Exhibition Entries close August  ,2nd.   425 Pacific Building.  PSYCHOLOGY OF THE WAR  (Continued from Page One)  JNbw, what is to transpire as to the conflict  of nations having such diverse mental attitudes?  Apparently there is nothing for it but to  fight on until Germany has a change of mind in.  this regard, or has the sword wrenched out of.  her hand. X  It is hard for a race to change its mental attitude within a year. But that there is  such a change coming there are some signs,  but hot many.  The respect for foemen worthy of their  steel, which must grow in the heart of the fighter who^has to put forth his best, and sacrifices  his best in order not Ho be beaten begins to  appear.  The fear of such a foe is perhaps, not far  off, and when that comes in a wholesale volume  there may be a chance to bring this matter to  a close. -  But should such an event happen as would  bring that fear in, in en overwhelming manner,  as for instance the .breaking of the Western  German line of defence, it, might have the effect of driving the people to desperation, and  causing them to fight as the cornered coward  fights, and that is the  bitterest fight of all. /  ' It may be taken for granted that the allies  do not desire to wipe out Germany as a race,  but  only to beat her back to sanity.  This may be done by shock of artillery, and  rush of infantry. We hope it will. But we  suggest that there is a way in which to reach  the" mind of Germany. It is an old-fashioned  way, we fear, not, much in vogue at this time,  but it is a good way after all. The recipe is  from the ^Master "Pray for Your Enemies."  Let what may be said, there is something in  prayer that is infinitely effective. Further, there^  is something in the attitude on one mind which  affects^ the working of other minds. Germany's  attitude illustrated by the hymn of hate has  had some effect upon us all.  If. we can sincerely bring our minds to this).  WE WILL KILL AS MANY AS IT IS NECESSARY TO KILL TO BRING ABOUT PEACE,  BUT WHILE WE ARE DOING THE KILLING  WE WILL OFFER PRAYER SINCERELY  THAT THE NEED MAY BE STAYED the  effect may have a three-fold effect, one upon  the arm of God, one upon us, and one upon the  mind of our enemies.  AMUWOAN BPJTOR OK THB WA&  (Continued from Page One)  master'of necessity, that small peoples have the  right to live, that the ruler derives power from  the people and exists for their benefit. The  first idea is irresponsible absolutism,V the second,the sovereignty of the people. The Teutonic  idea in the last analysis means brute force and  the ^ule of the sword; the English idea means  the sovereigntyof". the moral forces and government by the people through la\v.  ��������� Germany declares that the will of one nation,  when it can be enforced, may set aside the rights  of all  nations.  According to the German theory  -the one nation if it deem, this necessary, should  ignore.and endeavor to abolish the law of nations. Civilization has established "human privileges .to be regarded even in war, but, Germany-Asserts a" right''of necessity to violate  ^these^immunitiesX^Ghancellor^Bethmanh-Hollweg"  justified the violation of Belgian neutralization,  which Germany had guaranteed, on the ground of  "necessity." Secretary Jagow alleges that the  destruction of Americans- upon the Lusitania,  although America is neutral, is justifiable because  England wars upon Germany. A German "right"  to disregard every law when law works against  German   interests  is   claimed.      ��������� X        '  American democracy is based upon ideas with  which the German idea conflicts irreconcilably.  .It is labor lost to try to deal with the German  idea. Negotiations upon the basis of international  law and universal humanity stand foredoomed  to failure. Germany has deliberately put itself  outside of them. It wars upon the ideas that,  form the foundation of civilization and of democracy. The European conflict of ideas is the thing  of moment and permanent meaning to America.  such  SWITZERL.AND HARD HIT  THE ENTRANCE OF ITALY into the great war  may not be decisive of the struggle or even  an element of much importance, but it becomes a matter of incidental concern to neutral  nations. But the plight of Switzerland will be  pitiable unless it can make some arrangement  for receiving imports. It has suffered much  from the blockade maintained on the other side  by the allies,' says a writer in the St. Louis  " Globe-Democrat."  This little country, not half the size of Maine  supports a population of over 3,500,000. . Its  tourist business has been ruined. It has, in order to protect its neutrality, been compelled to  mobilize its army, withdrawing most of its able-  bodied men from their usual vocations. Its exports, with the exception of dairy products, have  not been in great demand among the warring  nations, and its facilities to send them elsewhere  have been impaired. It has long depended much  on imports for sustenance, importing goods to  the value of $.381,966,000 a year.  The  man  who says  "it can't be done." is  constantly beingVinterrupted by somebody doing  it. ;  EXHIBITION WILL SOON BE HERE���������OKANAGAN FRUIT DISPLAY  Cut this out, sign it, and get your friends to sign it, and return it to the Call.  TO THE WESTERN CALL:  Please enroll my name as a member of the Property Owners' League, and proceed with  the organization as speedily as possible.  Signature  Residence  Occupation  J>  j  \^      '        :  .'.-            tv  <"     .    '            ���������...������������������-���������������������������;  *  ������������������<v  HOW LONG WILL THE WAR LAST?  THIS IS A QUESTION of much interest to all,  and there would be a high premium paid to  whoever could give a certain answer to the  question.  No man, however, can say with certainty  how long the struggle will endure.  It may not be \#aste of time to examine the  chief factors which enter into the matter of the  V continuance  of the  war,  and  by  so  doing a  better guess may be made as to what lies before us.; .': XX  X : -x  First of all'there is the question of the  ���������.. ���������L-"'.; -"-. ��������� ;-l^|ir.lBMl.' X  Those who have followed the history of this  question, and who have kept in touch with the  contemporary movement of the issue will readily understand that until that matter is disposed;  of the Allies will not desire to end the war.  For ages German influence has; been sufficient to  keep that matter open, and^were German influences allowed to come tb the board of the international council which is now dealing with  the question there would be little prospect of.  the final settlement of the matter at this time.  But at this time the German nations are I hedged  out of the council by a ringql steel, and^ before,  ^hatXritagii^broken it is desired and hoped that  the matter win have been finally settled as far  as Europe is concerned.  The lines of the allies east and west are,  therefore, likely to remain about as they are  till  this most vital matter is off the slate.  ��������� Regarding the war between the Germanic  empires and the Allies, there are four factors  which bulk largely in the matter.  1. There is the military strength and endurance of the contending parties. The strength of  the parties has been about equal during the last  months of the war., The Allies may have had  more men, but the Germans haye had the better organization and equipment. This is spoken regarding the operations of this spring. In  the beginning the Germanic allies had both more  men and better eauipment. But latterly the  strength of the Allies in men has drawn to  the lead. There has, therefore, been almost a  deadlock as to relative strength, and if this were  to continue there would be little to show which  way the matter would go. But the Allies are*  surely gaining in equipment as well as in the  number of men, and soon the Germans will be  fighting stronger forces of men and of equipment also. Even so, judged from this point,  there might be eighteen months or two years  of fighting if the military standpoint stood  alone.  2. There is the diplomatic side of the question.  This has apparently been submerged by the  military activity of the nations. But the facts  which come within the purview of the- diplomatic service are there. Great questions are  pressing to the fore and will enforce; more and  more attention as the days go by. What is  happening to the general balance of the world  during the months of this titanic struggle ? Menaces to all Europe which'were considered before  the war brbke out as most serious are still  there _and are in increasing power. The Orient  is being brought into actual physical strife  with the Occident, and is being taught that  that- the superiority which the Occident has  assumed and been by the Orient tacitly granted,  lies only in better training, arms and equipment.  The  Indians  on  the  battlefront,  the Turks in  Europe, Asia and Africa are withstanding their  baptism of fire with hardihood.  Moreover, they are being taught to manufacture arms' for themselves and their European  Allies in the most modern manner. In fact the  Orient will be taught its strength in more ways  than one by the time the war is over, and if  united,  may  cause  war  weary  Europe  much  trouble before the matter is over.  .'''*>���������'...'"���������  i V Finance and 'industry is being rushed all  over Europe and the question .of the possible  reconstruction after the war is now being seriously considered. Especially is this so in Germany and Austria. There may VQot much of,  this find its way into the papers, but that.there  is bitter heart searching in this regard there  can "be -no doubt.  '���������'     - ���������' ���������; X.  The balance of power among ithe liatibns of  Europe, although apparently lost sight of, is sitting like an old man of the sea upon the imaginations of the diplomats of Europe, and they  know the need of crying hold before all baK  anceis hopelessly lost.       X X  Enough has been said to show that the  diplomatic question is looming larger and larger as the days go by, .and that the attention  which has been lavished on battles and military movements will be forced to' these phases  rof^the^matter.- Neither ^  ernmeht long avoid the study of the question or  the influence of it.  3. The purely financial question/aside fromr  .diplomacy. This enters largely into the question of the duration of the war. That the purses of some of the nations inVoJved are growing exceedingly light is no secret. Up to a certain point there can be the augmentation of  the actual cash in hand by the credit of the  government. But that, credit is now going down  hill as far as the Teutonic nations are concerned,  and soon, very soon, it will be ended.  4. The sociological factor. All the people  can be dragooned into these'awful sacrifices for  a time. But there is an end to this even for  the most phlegmatic of mankind. Germany has  ���������submitted because she has been rendered mad  by the glitter ofi prominence of world empire and mastership. ' Sh has been glamored  with the promise of "all the kingdoms of the  world and tbe glory of them," but when she  realizes that there is for her a cemetery only  for her best, and endless poverty for the remainder there will come a sudden change of  heart, and things will happen which will tend  at the least to end the war. Even now there  are things happening in Germany. It is best  that we on the outside pay little attention to  these matters, and that we go on as though thev  were not But they are happening all the  same. The human heart must sicken of the carnage before -longx ^  These and other factors enter into the question, and having regard to them all there are  some grounds to say that it is an "even bet"  or not tJl6re WiU bG a winter camPaign  The allies must, however, assume that there  will be It is no more with them to say the  war shall stop than it was with them to say  the-war shall not begin. Therefore, we must  bend our energies and strengthen our hearts  to go on until the only conditions which before  trod  and man we can consider are  obtained.  For us, therefore, there are years of struffele  to be prepared for, and endured and pushed to  an end. If the end comes quicker it will be to'  the good. Therefore, "Fear God and keep your  powder dry." J Friday, July 23, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  ���������Hl*IMMHMMIi__i  The B.C. Consumers' League  and Fifty Vancouver Retailers  Offer  53 Prizes  For Patriotic Work  Three are- cash prizes of $25.00, $15.00 and  $10.00.   Each of-the remaining fifty prizes is  ,  an order on a leading retailer for merchandise  to the value of $5.00.  ���������     ��������� j  The prizes will' be awarded for obtaining members for the British Columbia Consumers'  League.  x.   ��������� ' '  There is no fee or charge of krif kind connected  with becoming a member. Practically ,eyery-  body you ask will be glad to join the League,  because all that is required is to sign a card  . agreeing to give the preference in buying (price  and quality being equal) to the products, first, ;  of British Columbia; second, Oanada; third,  the British Empire. You will find the pledge  card at the bottom of this space.  Over one thousand of the cards-have already  been .signed, but the directors of the league  are determined to obtain, within the next two  "..months ���������  ���������"'k-\:k'  Competition Will Start July 8  It Will ^  ��������� ��������� ���������������������������      -..   \ ..; .��������� ���������-- ���������    '-.������������������������������������; ���������'..���������'.  With so many prizes, you will have an excellent  opportunity to win one of them. Besides: having a fine chance to wi^.a priae, you will be doing a work most important to the progress and  welfare of this city and province. Call at the  office of the League (or write if yon live out  of town) for pledge cards, rules of the cam-  petition and full information.   Then  Work for Production,  Prosperity and a Prize  The pledge card is as follows:  "Realizing the importance of promoting the Industrial and agricultural progress of British Columbia and the Empire, 'I hereby ask to be enrolled  as a member of the British Columbia Consumers'  League, agreeing to advance the objects of the  League by giving tbe preference in purchasing  (price and quality being equal, first, to the products of British Columbia; second, of Canada;  third, of the. British Empire.  Name  Address  Come in or write today, or as soon as you can,  for cards and fullinformation. The above  coupon, signed and brought or mailed to the  office, will be regarded as a regular- pledge  card.x ��������� 'i  B.C. Consumers'League  183 PENDER STREET WEST  "'" (INDUSTRIAL BUREAU BUILDING)  PHONE SEY. 4242.        VANCOUVER, B. C.  MT.  PLEASANT Y.P.S.C.E  . A most enjoyable,picnic was  held by Jhe hiembers and friends  of the Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian  Y.P.S.C.E. at Kitsilano.Beach on  Monday evening last. After supper, which was served about 7.00  o'clock, all repaired to the beach  where a bonfire had been lighted  and a very pleasant time was  spent in singing.  The topic for Monday, Julyj  26th, is "The Social Achievements'  of Foreign Missions," and will  be taken by Miss E. Smith.  FOREST REPORT  L.  Advices to the Minster of  Lands indicate that the conditions  noted last week still prevail,  notably Prince Rupert, Hazelton,  Tete Jaune Cache, Port George,  Nelson, Cranbrook, , Kauilooos  and Vancouver, rains have bold  the immediate hazard in check,  besides extinguishing many fires.  In the'Vancouver division fires  are reported at VWyatt Bay, Dead  Lake, Sechelt and Deserted Bay,  several thousand acres of slash  having been alight during the  early part of the week, fortunately with but slight damage to merchantable timber. A few -pni8.il  fires in the island district have  been either extinguished or are  under control; there were some  250 acres of slash burned over  near Courtenay in the area logged over by the Combx Logging  & Railway Company, attended  by some damage to one of their  camps.  Other items of interest reported include the laying of steel on  the P. 6. E. Railway to eleven  miles beyond Lillooet, the Starting, of double shifts by the C. P.  R. tie-mill at Bull River on the  first of the month, and the prospect of ah~ early resumption of  operations by the Yank Lumber  Company at vWasa. In the  Okanagan, four mills are operating on box contracts.  COST  OF  LIVING  The cost of living, according  to the records maintained by the  Labor Department, has shown  but a slight falling off for the  month of June in Canada. The  department's index number of  wholesale prices for, last month  stand at 147.3, contpared with  W7.6 in ,May, 1915, and 133.3 in  June, 1914, a falling off of three  decimal points over the previous  month, but a rise of just under  10 per cent, for the year.  '������������������ The slight decrease was due  chiefly to the lower prices in  grain and flour and other less  staple food: products. Flour has  dropped about $1 per barrel; cattle, wholesale, dropped in price  somewhat, as did also butter,  cheese, woollens, cottons, certain  oils and lumber. Rises are recorded in metals, which have abnormally   high,   imported   fruit  A YANKEE LIE  The Kansas City 'Times' publisher a report, dated at Topeka,  in which it is said that a hundred  thousand Canadians are crossing  the line and coming into Kansas,  in order to get work in the harvest fields, and also to avoid conscription.  It is astounding that a newspaper should publish such a report without inquiry. The move1  ment of. a hundred thousand  young men from the Canadian  west into the American west  would be an event of tremendous importance, giving unusual opportunities to descriptive  writers, not an incident to be dismissed in a few lines. It is quite  safe to say that nothing of the  kind is happening.  Equally absurd is the notion  that this army of 100.000 men is  /fleeing across the border to avoid  conscription in case conscription  is "ordered by England." It  seems almost impossible to make  some Americans understand that  Canada manages its own affairs.  If conscription were ordered in  Canada, it would be by the parliament of Canada. But as a  matter of fact there is no need  for conscription or any kind of  compulsion. Canadians are enlisting in this war voluntarily  because of sympathy with the  British cause, and because they  believe that causeV^is-just.���������Toronto Star. /  SNIPING  FOR  OFFICERS  A great proportion of officer  losses to the French and British forces in the Dardanelles is  due to .the activity o������ the Turkish snipers, who have "special instructions to pick- out the officers. A correspondent with the  French force writes:  V "The danger to officers in this  part of-the peninsula from snipers is very great. Parties of ten  or twenty Turkish sharpshooters  crawl past our lines at night  and either hide 4n a tree or get  into an abandoned trench or shell  hole. There they lie concealed  from view, waiting for an opportunity to snipe at some isolated  officer passing within range of  their rifles. They are instructed  to, disregard firing upon private  soldiers if it involves any danger to themselves, but to miss no  chance to bring down an officer.  "In many cases the sniper's  eagerness for this duty is assisted by stories of the huge loot to  be; obtained from the pockets of  the officers. Some of the snipers  who have been caught were  found with large sums of British  anjd French money, as well as  other property belonging to  officers." '  Vancouver Exhibition Entries  close August 2nd. 425 Pacific  Building. A"\  Custom Shoe Repairing  P. PARIS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE CO,  BEST SHOE REPAIRING W TUB CTY  Work  Done  While  You Wait  Work Called for and Delivered        "x  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' and any Kind of Special Shoes ftlado  to Order  6_ BASTINGS STREET W.   Nest Columbia Theatre  Phone:  Seymour 1770. VANCOUVER,  B.  C.  ROYAL  STANDARD  FLOUR  Confidence is the Watchword of this  , Famous Fsunily Flour Made in  British Columbia  The housewife who .uses it knows beforehand that.it  will produce at all times certain definite good results  the same a year hence as today."*  The Dealer who sells it, knows this, too, because he  has our guarantee.  ^ .' '       " 4.  And we ourselves, the Millers of this famous family  flour, stand behind both dealer and consumer by saying:  "If you are in any way dissatisfied with Royal Standard Flour, the full purchase price will be refunded  to you." "  Vancouver   Milling &  Grain  Company Limited  ������  Vancouver,    Victoria,     New Westminster,     Nanaimo  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government,  Municipal  and  Corporation  BondB   (Canadian),  yielding  from  5  per   cent. , to   7   per  cent.  Rents and Mortgage Interests Collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision. ^ ,  Insurance���������Fire,    Life,    Accident,    Marine,    Automobile,    Employers'  Liability.  Molaon's Bank Building  543 Hastings St. West  The Big Fair  AUGUST 13m to 21st  ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������' X'.VX     -������������������������������������'' .V- ������������������' *  Eirtries Close August lat  Prize tiats are Now Ready  $50,000 IN PWZJSS  Tenders for various concessions are now  being received-  424 PACIFIC BLDG.  ANOTHER EXCELLENT FRUIT DISPLAY THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, July 23, 1915.  ?' i  f  /?  HQME  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the.home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued editors  of this department, of several leading dailies;in,the United States-   ^    ��������� XX,-  +  -  The Western Call feels fortunate in being able to offer to the Vancouver ladies that  which is purchased at a high price by such daUies there.  These Cards have been .especially written for the Call.  THE NEW CREATION  Saturday, July 24.  A plot of shallow soil at rear  Suffices for a garden, where  Some   dozen  stalks   of  waving  corn  Gleam in the sunlight of the morn,  Lifting their tasseled banners high  Beneath the blue of summer sky.   .  M. E. Buhler.  Breakfast���������Stewed Prunes. Halibut in White  Sauce. Bran Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Fricasse of Lamb. Riced Potatoes.  Peas. Lettuce and Beet Salad. Fritters with  Orange Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Stuffed Eggs. Ripe Olives. Currant  Buns. Tea.  Fritters With Orange Sauce  Beat the yolks of two eggs, and one cupful  of milk, one-third of a teaspoonful of salt and  one and two-third cupfuls of flour and beat until very smooth. Sift in two teaspoonfuls of baking powder, beat well again, then fold in the  stiffly beaten egg whites. Drop from a spoon into  deep hot fat and cook until brown. Drain on  soft paper and serve hot with orange juice.  Orange Sauce���������Mix two tablespoonfuls of  flour with one-half cupful of sugar and one-quarter of a teaspoonful of salt. Add one cupful  of boiling water, cook and stir ten minutes,  then add the juice of one orange and part of  the grated yellow rind.  Sunday, July 26  The soul of origin divine,  God's glorious image, freed from day,  In  heaven's   eternal  sphere  shall  shine.  A star of day!  James .Montgomery.  Breakfast���������Melons. Tomato Cream Toast.  Doughnuts. Coffee. ��������� (x  Dinner���������Consomme.   Broiled   Sirloin   Steak.  \Fried    Green    Peppers.    Scalloped    Potatoes.  Squash. Raspberry Mousse. Coffee.  Lunch���������Lamb and Peas Salad. Bread and  Butter Sandwiches. Blueberry Cake. Tea.  Raspberry Mousse  Whip one pint,of heavy cream until stiff,  fold in two cupfuls of powdered sugar and one  quart of crushed raspberries, turn into a mold,  pack in ice and salt and let stand four or five  hours. A:  on  Monday, July 26.  Close  by our  feet, the  mountain's  child, ''  The delicate harebell, sweetly smiled,'  Lifting its cups of tender blue  From seam and rift where mosses grew.  ��������� Rose  Sanborn.  Breakfast���������Red  Currants.  Baked  Eggs  Rashers of Bacon. Corn Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Barley Soup. Shepherd's Pie. Creamed Carrots. Lettuce and Banana Salad. Cocoa-  nut Tapioca Pudding. Coffee.  Supper���������Italian Spaghgetti. Watercress. Finger Biscuits. Cup Cakes. Tea.  Core Muffins  Mix thoroughly one cupful of yellow corh  meal, one cupful of flour, two tablespoonfuls  of sugar, two teaspoonfuls of baking powder  and one teaspoonful of salt. Add one egg well  beaten, one and one-half cupfuls of sweet milk  and one tablespoonful of melted butter; beat  well again and bake in a quick oven.  Tuesday, July 27.  Why should time, that cannot mar  One triumphant rose's scent,  Stint our joys, because they are  Blossoms, fair not permanent?  Arthur   Symonsv  Breakfast���������Berries. Calf's Liver^and Bacon.  Lyonnaise Potatoes. Warmed Biscuits. Coffee.  Dinner-^Julienne Soup. Baked Stuffed Fish.  Mashed Potatoes. Buttered Onions. Cucumber and  Walnut Salad. Steamed Raspberry Pudding.  Coffee.  Supper���������Cottage Cheese. Rye Bread. Lemon  Jelly. Soft Molasses Cookies. Tea.  Steamed Raspberry Pudding  Mix and sift two cupfuls of flour with four  teaspoonfuls of baking powder and one-half  teaspoonful of salt, rub in one tablespoonful  of butter and moisten with about three-quarters  of a cupful of. milk. Butter a deep baking dish,  put into it four cupfuls of raspberries, sprinkle  with one teaspoonful of vinegar, add one and  one-half cupfuls of sugar, cover with the dough  and steam one hour. Serve with cream.  Wednesday, July 28.  Life is progress���������perpetual adaptation to new conditions. The apparent excellence of a result actually attained, the mistakes and errors involved in imperfect  efforts to advance to better results, must not" be allowed  to  obscure  our  view of this  truth.  Arthur T. Hadley.  Breakfast���������Uncooked Cereal with Bananas  and Cream. Crumb Griddle Cakes. Coffee.  Dinger���������Potato Soup. Chicken en Casserole.  Hominy. Summer Squash. Spinach and Egg  Salad. Bavarian Cream. Coffee. '  Supper���������Creamed Dried Beef and Potatoes.  Oatmeal Biscuits. Hot Apple Sauce. Cookies.  Tea.  Chicken en Casserole  Separate a young chicken into joints and dust  with pepper, salt and flour. Melt one-quarter of  a cupful of butter, add a slice each pf onion  and carrot, half a ;stalk.of Vcelery and a bit  of bay leaf, and cook slowly five minutes!  Saute the chicken in the hot fat, transfer to a  casserole, add two cupfuls of boiling water and  one cupful of canned mushrooms, cut in small  pieces, cover closely and let simmer until tender.  Blend one tablespoonful of flour with one tablespoonful of butter, strain the liquor from the  casserole and add it slowly, stirring until smooth,  and thick, season with pepper and salt, pour  the sauce over the meat, cook ten minutes longer and serve from the casserole.  Thursday/July 129.  Shall we repine at a little misplaced charity, lye  who could in no way foresee the effect���������when an all-  knowing, all-wise Being showers down every day Hia  benefits on the unthankful and undeserving.  ��������� ..':'.��������� X. ' ��������� Atterbury.   /  Breakfast���������Oranges. Cereal with Cream.  Eggs Vermicelli on Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������r-Fried Bean Soup. Croutons. Barbecued Ham. Baked Potatoes. Spinach. Coffee  Jelly with Cream..Coi^ee! v   '  Supper���������Broiled Tomatoes with Cheese  Sauce. Fried Potatoes. Bread and Butter. Macaroons. Tea. "  Cheese Sauce  Melt two and one-half tablespoonfuls of butter, blend in three tablesponfuls of corn starch  mixed with one-half teaspoonful of mustard,  one-third of a teaspoonful of salt and one-quarter of a teaspoonful of paprika, then pour in  slowly one and one-half cupfuls of milk an4 stir  and cook one minute longer, remove from the  fire, flavor with a few drops of Worcestershire  sauce and serve at once.  Friday,,July 30  The man who cannot laugh is not only fit for treason, stratagem and spoils, but bis whole Jife is already  a treason and a stratagem. Carlyle.  Breakfast���������Raspberries. Cereal with Cream.  Ham Scramble. Popovers. Coffee.  Dinner���������Cream, of Spinach. Fried Soft Shell  Crabs. Saratoga Potatoes. Corn on Cob. Pickled Beets. Orange Pie. Coffee. X  Supper���������Creamed Shrimps with Peas. Toasted Crackers. Caramel Cake. Tea.    A  Picjcled Beets  Cook the beets until tender, place in cold  water, remove the skins,* cut lengthwise into  eights and place in glass jars. Boil two quarts  ot vinegar, four pounds of brown sugar, one  tablespoonful of salt ond one-half teaspoonful  ot powdered alum; remove all scum as it rises  then add a few grains of cayenne and a spice  bag containing one teaspoohful each of white  cloves, abspiee, pepper corns and mustard seed  let simmer fifteen minutes and pour over the  beets. The next day, drain off the vinegar, brin*  it to a boil, pour over the beets and seal  COAL  "Our Coal lasts Longer."  Our Coal is better value than any other on the  market.   More heat.   No clinkers.  WOOD  Millwood and Kindling, per load .. .$2.50.  Choice 16-inch Fir, per load. X$3.00  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES  Kilgard Firebrick, Sewer Pipe, Partition Tile,  Etc. '������������������"������������������'     ' '  CARTAGE  General   Cartage,    Baggage  Moved and Stored.  and   Furniture  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour: 5408-5409  In Honolulu the young people  of one of the churches are trying a new plan to encourage  people in church, attendance.  They have had signs placed on  the front of street cars on Sunday, with the words "Go to  Church To-Night." The cars carry no other advertising on that  day.  Manufacturers and other large  employers of labor in this country are finding it a great disadvantage to have their men lack  a knowledge of. English. Time is  lost in transmitting orders to the  men through interpreters, and  danger of accidents is increased.  A big automobile company which  has fifty-three nationalities among  its workmen, has started a school  for teaching them English. The  school has no fewer than 1,600  pupils and 136 instructors, and  half-hour classes are held at various periods daily to suit different shifts of the men.  You ask. for. our sons for armies,  and,  'mid the grim battle's roar,  You are mowing them down by thousands; How dare you to ask for  ..''��������� more?  How dare you to ask the mothers of  nations whose  blood-soaked, earth  Is covered with dead and dying, to  suffer the pains of birth t  Ten million soldiers ' are marching to  fight where their brothers fell,  To fall where your roaring cannon  speak. out with the voice of hell  Ten million shouting demons are grappling in murd'rous hate.  You've damned the souls of our children. You're waiting an answer?  Wait!  You men! Oh, you kings and traders!  The women you have bereft  Will   answer your age-long  challenge.  Come,  look   on  the  land  you've  left! ..,    "  Come, look on < the stricken cities your  soldiers, like beasts gone wild,  Have  ravaged!    Our  children  hunger,  our daughters have been defiled.  Our babes are starved in their cradles. The harvest stands ripe in the  field;  The lowing cattle are heavy with milk  which they ache to yield.  The wheels in the Toads cease turning;  all silent each shop and mill;  The Parliament-halls are empty; the  whirr of the press is' BtilL  Your censors have  stilled our voices,  and over the battle's din  The mob and the press and the pulpit  are  shouting your  creed  of  sin,  The    beautiful    dreams    of- ages, the  towering, cathedral spires,  Art;    labour,    age-long    achievements,  you feed to your madmen's fires.  You wait for the answer of women f  We will not answer you now;  We go to gather the harvest, prepare  the  fields  for  the  plough, '  He-kindle the furnace fires, and start  each deserted mill,  Ee-open the silent markets, and turn  all the wheels now still.  You call us, when guns are silent, to  blood-wet fields stained red,  To fight the low-hanging vultures, and  gather our ghastly dead.  You want us where busy surgeons are  cutting with flashing steel;  The wreckage of souls and bodies you  give  us to save arid  heal.  At last when your glut of murder, destruction and rapine cease,  You will sit among blackened ruins to  sign your last pledge of peace;  And then we will come and face you,  and take from your bands the pen,  And point to your wcrld in ruins!  We '11 give you your answer then!  The fields we have saved from famine, the stores which  our labour  fiiis;; ���������.;'���������;_'.���������' .[-JJ  The homes, tho rebuilded cities, the  factories, mines and mills,;  The schools where the world is learning, the halls where the laws are  made.  Will be our?���������we will claim and hold  - them.-We have buildedand^bought  and paid.  We will marry our splendid daughters  to the weakened wrecks of men  Who are left frpm. war, and in patience we will people the world  again; ..  And the race we shall -rear and nurture, our children so dearly  bought,  We will give them to peace and labour, for they shall be woman-  taught.  You men! Oh, you kings and traders!  You failed on your rule of might,  .And the treaty, of peace eternal, you  shall sign it as,we shall write;  Wo will gather your flying navies, will  mend all their broken wings,  And send them to tell the nations that  the   world  has  been  freed   from  kings.  Our world needs no kings or traders���������  their power will be broken. Then,  When the last red war is ended, sign  our  treaty if you  are men,  Then mothers, in silent courage, shall  give the new race its birth.  And labourers, toilers,  artists, in joy  shall  rebuild  the  earth.  ca  tlUtf  SPENDING $100,000 TO  Increase Telephone Facilities  The extensive underground work along  Kingsw.ay being carried out by the B. C.  Telephone Company is about completed. This  will provide additional telephone facilities  for the south and east sections of the ter-  ritoiy served out of the Fairmont Exchange. Extensions are also being made in  Fairview.  This work in Vancouver is only ;piart of  many extensions and improvements being  made by the company. In Victoria another  $30,000 is being spent to give the necessary increased facilities in outside districts;  in Cloverdale and Milner districts, niany  miles of poles are being set to reach new  subscribers; nh Lulu Island, forty miles  of wire will be stretched within the next  few weeks for the same purpose; while in  the interior, extensive improvements are  being carried out in Nelson and Rossland.  Work in North Vancouver and Nanaimo  has already been completed. All this involves an expenditure of considerably over  .$100,000.  In, addition, the company has overhauled all its exchanges, renovating and redecorating, taking advantage of the time  when the least inconvenience will be caused. So, altogether it is pretty busy, following out its policy of being always prepared to give telephone service.  B. C. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  LUMBER SHIPMENTS  Another result of the efforts  made by the Provincial Government on behalf of the lumber  industry is announced by the  Minster of Lands, the Admiralty  having agreed to turn over to the  British Columbia Government, for  one voyage from this Coast to the  United Kingdom, the steamer  "Grahamland" now at the Falkland Islands. The "Grahamland"  has an interesting history, having  been, until the destruction of  Admiral von Spee 's squadron, the  jGerman collier "Joseuhena,"  when she surrendered to one of  the British warships.  The ship was offered through  the Agent-General, to the British  Columbia Government for the  transport of a lumber cargo to  the United Kingdom, not necesr  sarily for admiralty purpose, an<j  ^     x    >  this being so, all timber shippers  were notified and alsked ttf make  offers for the vessel, the amount  of the charter being ������6,600. The  bid of the Cameron Lumber  Company, of Victoria, was accepted, and the "Grahamland" is  expected to arrive for August ���������  loading. Her capacity is given  as 550 standards equal to 1,100,  000 feet, and the securing of such  a vessel at a time when tonnage  is scarce by a ft C. fir meven afj  such a high figure is a matter  for congratulations. It is hoped  that the "Grahamland" XriU ������o$  be the last of the captured or  interned German ships to be utilized in the lumber carrying  trade from this Coast.  Vancouver Exhibition Bntriesi  clo������e August 2nd; 425 Pacific  Building,    x  We wait amid desolation, we are dumb  in. a   world's   despair,  Bui our hearts hold the hope of ages,  life eternal our age-long care.  We dream of a new creation, we see  it through blinding tears;  We  will build  a new >vorld, we wo-  X men, in the peace of the coming  years.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  J^OKIJTS^::-  topers;  commercial  stationery  Terminal City Press  ��������� ������������������  Limited������������������-���������������������������   PHONE FAIR. 1140       203 KINGSWAY  "Books, like food, must be  read slowly, and be well digested, as intellectual dyspepsia is as  harmful as physical."  S _ tSs.j- ,  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hoars.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main       X     A. F. McTavish, Prop. Friday, July 23, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  The Northwestern League is in  quandary at the present time.  Jnder the stress of the times the  Ibaseball   men   are   feeling   the  [pinch  of low  gates very  much,  [and the result of the whole affair  [was   a   meeting   in   Seattle   this  [week with the intention of drop-  [ping two of the teams at present  [composing the league and finish-  ring the season with a four-team  [league.     Tlie two teams that are  | likely to receive the blue paper  rare   Spokane   and  Aberdeen.   It  is recognized in official quarters  t that Spokane, perhaps, has  the  best team in the league this year,  but it is the heavy travelling expenses that are worrying the officials.     It costs the other teams  in   the  league   over $400   every  time  they, travel to  the inland  city, exclusive of hotel fares. This  in   addition to   poor   gates,   is  bound to tell, and is .telling on  the finances of the league*.On the  other hand  the  Aberdeen  club,  only admitted to the league   this  year, will likely be dropped. Victoria is an orphan club now, and  is being operated by the league  executive.   The proposed change  will make a tremendous difference  in the league, and while it seems  a very great pity to have to drop  Spokane   at   this   stage   of.   the  league, there seems nothing else  to do.   Spokane is leading   the  other teams by a good margin,  and if they are dropped now it  might be a very hard thing for  the Northwestern to ever have a  representative team from that  city again. On the other hand it  is dollars that count in professional -baseball, it is a business  pure and simple, and some clubs  must take the count for the good  of the game in the Northwestern  ���������League.  ���������   ���������   ��������� ������<  New Westminster got a firm  hpld on the two lacrosse titles of  the.world on Saturday last. The  Westminster amateurs came over  to Vancouver and in a Mann cup  fixture defeated the V. A. C. five  goals to nil. The game is said to  have heen a splendid exhibition  with the Royal City lads always  in command of the play. Two features stood out in prominence in  the game. The splendid condition of the visitors and the complete lack of condition of the locals. There is no aggregation of  lacrosse players if they are in  good shape for a hard game,who  wiU be continually taking cramps,  and this was the matter with the  locals on Saturday. From one  end of the field to the other there  seemed a lack of condition which  was all the more manifest by the  consistent back-checking of the  visitors. The, red shirts allowed  no opening whatever, checked  back in splendid style;, played  their men and took advantage of  all the chances that came their  way. The result was a decisive  win for them.   The.V. A. C. have  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. G.  sant  3EST SHOE JtEPABtWCr W TBI! ''SW^''  Three Won ths' Guarantee on Work Done on Ladies' or Men's  xX.'x-: Shoes, -v '".'  Work Done While Tou Wait-  Rubber Heels Put on in Ten Minutes.  2429 Main Street, Next to Lee Building  Radiators  Artistic in design.  ..^Perfectin finish..  _^   .^  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, &. C.  now a hard row to hoe to have  a look in for the honors, and it  seems hopeless to expect the historic mug over which Joe Lally  and others have been worrying  so much during the last year will  again rest in the Terminal City  this year. Westminster still  have three games to play, two  against Victoria and one against  Vancouver in the Royal City. On  the form they showed on Saturday these should be easy for them  making the possibility of a saw-  off practically impossible.  *   *   ���������  The Vancouver pros, and the  Salmonbellies continued their argument in the Royal City on Saturday last, the red shirts coming  out on top by the score of 11  goals to 2. The game was a  walk over for the homebrews of  the Fraser river all the way. They  scored four goals in the first  quarter, three of them in the first  three minutes. Vancouver had  difficulty in locating the net at  all, but through the untiring efforts of Bones Allan and Byrn-  jolfsen they managed to get two  goals.  There were no outstanding features to the play; there seldom is  now with these teams. Westminster had their full strength out  and had the locals guessing from  the toot of the whistle. Indeed,  jfrom the form displayed, it looked  as if the green shirts were defeated before they went on the field  at all. They played without heart,  took no chances, and quit dead  on many occasions when it was  possible for a score. Perhaps it  was the crowd of school children  who were assembled about the  fence, the poorest crowd in history at a game in the royal city.  The game was poor, very poor.  It was too one-sided to be called  a game, but still it was a league  fixture, a Minto Cup match if you  please. "Westminster has still to  win one game to cinch the honors, and this will very likely  come with their appearance here  on Saturday in their next league  fixture. ���������'���������  ���������   A*"]    **.:.**..  The Royal City lacrosse fans  are preparingVto celebrate the  coming of the Maim Cup to the  Fraser river, town. After Saturday's game the fans have enthused over the joint coming of the  two famous trophies. The Minto  Cup has been over there for a  number of years, and now that  the Mann cup vrill go over to  keep the famous professionaltrophy company, there will probably  be a revival of lacrosse over  there; For several years past  the citizens of Westminster have  become decidedly lukewarm in  their enthusiasm towards the boys  who journeyed east, and it is  quite probable that the changing  of the Mann cup will do more for  amateur lacrosse in the west than  anything else. Since the trustee  fiiiKC> of last season ther. are no  teams in Canada outside of the  Pacific Coast league which care  a whit about the cup. Joe Lally,  while he has been in the right  all the way through, has made  ���������many^ enemies out here,-and-for  the best interests of the game a  change would be most advisable,  this year.  DROWNING    ACCIDENTS  How They Can be Prevented-  Resuscitating Treatment  Vancouver Exhibition Entries  close   August   2nd.   425   Pacific  Building.  Every summer a large number  of lives are lost by drowning in  the various bodies of water in  Canada and particularly at summer resorts. Occasionally these  are unavoidable accidents, but  most of them are due to carelessness and are preventable.  The first safeguard against  drowning accidents is to know  how to swim and it should be  an essential part of every child's  education. In England much more  attention is paid to the instruction of school children in this  useful and healthful form of exercise.  Children, after learning to  swim, are liable to become too  venturesome and should be cautioned not to take risks,, as there  is always the danger of cramps  or heart failure due to the extra tax put upon the heart  through exposure to cold water  or through over-exertion.  In rescuing the victim of a  drowning accident great' care  must be taken by the swimmer.  Do not close in rashly, but act  warily and bear in mind that  the only safe and ready way to  subdue a frantic man iti the water is to secure a hold from behind him. A simple and effective way is to lunge unexpectedly  for his wrist, and, with a sudden, outward movement, spin  him about, throwing your free  arm around his neck. Once you  have him thus you can, if he is  submissive, grasp him by the hair  or the neck of his suit and with  a quick pull towards you, start  him floating face upward, when  you throw yourself gently backwards, and proceed to tow him  in this position, or by swimming  with your unhindered arm and  the legs. As a last resort, a stunning blow on the head is effective.   ���������.' \ '  The work of resuscitation includes the following:  v   First���������Freeing    the    stomach  and air passages from water and  mucus. XX  Second���������Forcing the vitiated  air from the lungs.  Third���������Replacing the foul gases with pure air.  Fourth���������Inducing circulation.,  Fifth���������Restoring natural re-?  spiration. This,; of course, is tbe  final and essential aim.  1. Lay patient down carefully  with face downward. Open mouth  wide, and if foul with mucus or  foreign matter, clean Vwith baud  or cloth. Stand across body, facing the head, pass your arms a-  round the waist until your hands  meet over the left side, interlocking the fingers in order to grasp  the stomach between your palms.  Force out the water by raising  the body from the middle, at tlie  same time pressing the hands together. Knead inward and upward under the ribs from the  left side towards the centre.  Press for four seconds, then relax,^endeavoi-ing, to^: grasp- more  of the stomach pouch, until water  ceases flowing from the mouth.  2. Place a pillow-like support  beneath the victim at the stomach. Turn his head to' windward and crook his arm on the  side opposite the face and rest  j the head in the bend of his arm.  HEATING Eco^oTura^Mottoicie,,cy���������  . Our Business has bees built up bv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers. -    .  1095 Homer St. Sey.������61  J. Dixon G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 886 House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour  8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rianufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1066 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B.C..  "SO GOOD" IS  4X BREAD  It's so good that thousands of good housewives  daily shift the burden x>f baking Bread on our shoul-  ders.    Home made on a big scale. That's 4X.  Phonek$fa;^k^ Shelly's 4X  3. Kneel over the patient facing the head with one leg on each  side of the body. Rest your open  hands On his back, thumbs near  the spine, at the height of victim'selbow, with fingers spread  over tbe lower rios. Throw your:  self forward with weight on your  arm, and with steady, increasing  pressure force the four air from  the   lungs.   After  four   seconds  straighten up quickly, releasing  the ribs, so that; they will spring  back into place. Bend over again  immediately to press   for   four  seconds    more,;    thenV  straighten. Continue this treatment until  signs of life begin to  appear.  Make from -twelve to fifteen respiratory* acts to the minute. Po  not become discouraged if your  efforts at resuscitation dosHOtA*%-  first meet with success, as bfteii  a patient will respond after all  hope seems lost.  Authentic cases are on record  of victims having been restored  to life, after being under water  for as much as half an hour, and  it has at times taken as long as  four hours to induce natural respiration in the apparently drowned/,  -- 4.-As soon as-natural- breathing sets in strip the patient of  all wet clothing, cover the upper body with ^something warm  and dry and start rubbing the  limbs with rapid strokes, first  from the "centre joints towards  the heart and gradually working  down in this manner to the extremities.  5. After massaging the patient  .CO  put him to bed and if natural  heat does not return promptly,  distribute covered hot bricks or  water bottles at the soles of the  feet, over the stomach and under  the armpits.  6. If necessary, give patient  whiskey, brandy or other stimulants', diluted in hot water. Administer in teaspoon or tablespoon  doses, every ten or fifteen minutes for the first hour, and as  often as seems expedient thereafter.  Treatment ol Electric Shook '  Electric shocks suspend the ������**  tion of the heart and breathing  should be restored by artificial  means. '  Although the shock may appear to have been fatal, life may  often be restored* if action is  taken without delay, and continued vigorously and patiently.  The steps to take are :  Remove the body from contact with the wire, cable, or  other conductor by breaking or  disconnecting the circuit; dragging the patient away by his coat-  tails, the hands being protected  by rubber gloves or any dry  woolen material, such as a cap,  folded several times or with a  stick, or any non-conducting material.  If possible, without discontinuing the treatment, send for a  doctor.  After removal do not wait to  undo the clothing but proceed to  restore breathing by the same  method as described above for  drowning accidents.  INDIAN EXHIBIT, NEW WESTMINSTER  Now is the  Time  to Buy  GARDEN  HOSE  "We have a special Sale of Hose on now.  Regular $5.50 for  -  $4.75  Regular $5.00 for  -   .$4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.     Phone us your order.   We make prompt delivery.  W. R.Owen & Mor rison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street 8  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday," July 23, 1915.  r  CLOTHING FOR  HAND TAILORED SUITS  ' V"  . Fit, Material and Workmanship Guaranteed  At Prices to Suit  You  Mr. and Mrs. E. Caspell and  family are camping at Whyte-  Clift for the holidays.  V  $15.00  $17.00  $19.00  $22.00  SEE OUR WINDOWS  WILSON & RICHMOND  THE PEOPLE'S CLOTHIERS  Phone: Sey. 2742  37 Hastings St. W.  WE VTAN\ YOUR ELECTRICAL WORK  FIXTURES AND SUPPLIES  i  THE JARVIS ELECTRIC CO.  LIMITED  ' General Electrical Contractors  570 ittchards Street V.ANGOUVER. 8. 0.  Mr. L. B. Bridgman returned  from a holiday ahd fishing trip  up the coast this week. He reports the trout fishing exceptionally fine this season.    VV,/  Miss Campbell and Miss Acton,  of the Royal Alexandra Hospital,  Edmonton, are in the city on a  holiday at the home of the former's mother, Mrs. D. Campbell,  743 13th avenue east.  Dr. J. G. Davidson, of the University of British Columbia, has  returned from a seven*weeks' visit to New York and Boston where  he purchased supplies for the  physics department of the university here.  SCOTTISH GAMES ON  SATURDAY,  AUGUST 7th.  Brigadier McLean, of Winnipeg, has been appointed com-  mandent of the British Columbia  and Yukon branch of the Salvation Army and will come to the  coast very shortly to take up his  new work.  Vancouver Exhibition Entries  close August 2nd. 425 Pacific  Building.  Two large recruiting marquees  have been erected on the old  court house grounds, corner Cambie and Hastings streets, and Re-  curiting' Officer Henshaw is now  in charge signing on volunteers  for overseas service. V  All good sons of Scotland are  preparing for the annual games  which will be held at Brockton  Point on Saturday afternoon,  August 7th. The annual games  have been for years one of the  pre. er sporting events of the  city, and no doubt the attendance will be as large as in the  days of yore. The energetic secretary, Mr. Durward Smith, has  been busily engaged in preparing the program which will contain all the games of bonnie Scotland, piping and dancing. A  number of special prizes have  .been donated for the piping and  dancing contests. Entry forms  for the different events can be  secured from Mr. Smith at his  office in the Pacific Building, or  at 519 Pender St. W.  XX.:.  VEHICLES MUST  WAIT FOR CARS  TJie Vancouver Automobile  Club has for some time been  bending their energies to have  the city council pass a by-law  compelling, all vehicles, horse-  drawn and otherwsie tcf display  a lighted lamp after dark and stop  behind stationary street cars discharging passengers, and on Monday evening the city council put  into commission restrictions complying with this request.  ������������������ X; '- X  (HORSESHOE BAY)  is recognized as the best place in every respect for  ������������������. X-..  Sites are cheap���������the location is ideal-���������the city can  be reached by frequent'motor train service in one  hour���������fares are low, and original  ,  Outfit Carried Free  Up to 500 lbs. for holders of commutation tickets.-  Full information on all points obtainable from  Pacific Great Eastern Traffic Department  Traffic Dept.      "325 Howe St:, Vancouver  PHONE: SEYMOUR 954 7 /  Mr. Boyd Story left this week  for Manitoba where he will spend  a year or so. Boyd has grown  from a boy to a young man in  Vancouver, and this year > has  cleared his high school course.  He goes to the prairie yrith the  best wishes of his friends and the  hope that he will return to Mt.  Pleasant soon again.  & C Sfceet Metal Works  OOIWOI������M5^VWO������V8--FTONAO|JS  ORNAMENTAL IRON WORK  j >       ������ '   ' '  Cfoneral Jobbiog     :: .Estimates Furniabe4  0.938 Seymour St.    Pbone, Bey. 5262  LECKTE'S.  Boys' Vacation Shoes  Mothers whose sons give shoes hard use should demand  LECKIE SHOES.  Boys who play baseball and other outdoor games  where shoes are given hard wear should see that they get  LECKIE SHOES.  LECKIE SHOES are made to withstand use. No  other boys' shoe made can compare with LECKIE'S���������they  are made of HONEST leather���������they are HONESTLY  built in British Columbia by British Columbians���������exclusively.  Stand the hard me of healthy boya  In these vacation days boys should be out in the open  ' to enjoy themselves as they will.  They must play ball and lacrosse and other games  which  test  shoes to  the  extreme.  Hundreds and hundreds of mothers will readily testify to the SUPERIORITY of LECKIE'S BOYS' SHOES  because, their sons have worn them regularly���������they outlast  any other make. Today, when you make your shoe purchase  be sure to demand LECKIE'S for your boy.  LEADING DEALERS  EVERYWHERE  SELL  LECKIE  SHOES  HANBURYS  For  LUMBER-SASH-DOORS  WOOD & COAL  Phone: Bayview 1075  Numerous thefts are reported  fxom the different bathing beaches in the city. Those who go  to the beach have only themselves to blame for this, and it is  hoped that the lesson will do  the losers good. There is an abundance of lockers available for  clothes while the bathers are in  the water, and the park board  cannot be responsible for any  thefts made when the laws of  the beach are not complied wfyh.  Vancouver Exhibition Entries  close August 2nd. 425 pacific  Building.  THE  WATER  PRESSURE  During these hot. days the water pressure is visibly lower than  at other times of the year. There  are many reasons for this, chiefly the low supply -at the headwaters of the city intake, and  thei constant-demand ^byrhouse-j:  holders. A tip to those having  loose faucets is in order, and  while V Vancouver seems to have  an undiminished supply of water  always, it is prudence to look  after the little leaks in the  household, and thus avoid trouble with the inspector and the  uncalled for waste of water.  WARD V. RED CROSS  GARDEN FETE  Much interest is beidg  centred around the Grand Garden Pete which is being held  under the auspices of Ward V.  Red Cross Material Fund on  Tuesday next, July 27th, at the  residence of Miss Eligh, corner  14th and Quebec street. Of  special interest during the afternoon will be classic step and  toe dancing by Miss Violet Delates Barbes, Miss Jessie Adams  and Miss Josephine Mangold.  Bishop DePencier, Mr. Jacob  Eligh and others will provide  autos for the rides for the children. High tea will be served at  six o'clock for, those who wish  toy come from business, or those  staying for the evening. In the  evening a special attraction will  be Miss Morrow's1 company in a  dramatic performance. Miss Barbes will give an exhibition of  dancing, and music will be furnished by a    regimental    band;  Many other attractions, such  as fortune telling, cocoanut shies,  ice cream, home cooking and  candy will add to the evening's  entertainment. Admission is ten  cents, and you will sure get your  money's worth as well as help  ing a good cause.  THE ENTRANCE EXAMS.  PHONE  SEYMOUR 9086  ������15&*X,  The results of the entrance examinations" were posted this week,  and the hearts of many of the  boysand girls are glad as a result. Out of 3,366 candidates  in the province, 2,394 were successful in passing. The governor-general's prize this year goes  to Charles F. Bailey, of Armstrong, B. C, who secured 840  marks out of a possible 1,100.    4  The results in so far as Mt.  Pleasant district is concerned are  as follows:  Simon Fraser���������  Division No. 1���������Cornelius ,P.  Perry, 731; Grace I. Robb, 683;  Nea E. Healey, 651; Estella M.  Musgrave, 649; Roy Barry, 648;  Jessie M. Caspell, 646; "Bessie  Gray, 646; Douglas McR. Du-  mond,-642; Alma A. Duke, 623;  Katherine Lovegrove, 622; M.  Irene Elmer, 618; Pauline E.  Mullen, 617; Herbert P. Cahill,  615; Mildred M. Olts, 613; Willard A. Thompson, 609; Mary A.  Clarke, 608; Clarence E. Hudson,  605; Edith A. Bray, 602; Frank  L. Bott. 583; Harold E. Bott,  573.  Division No. 2.���������Alice Den-  nison, 739; John G. Bell, 683;  Mina Hudson; 652; L. Jean Lang,  651; Charles H. Elmer, 636; Margaret Lawrence, 635; Harry E.  Mortimer, 6277; Gladys Wilson,  627 Charles VATPKilpe; 620yNo-  rah E. Willis, 619; Marjorie J.  Neill, 613; Luella Anderson, 584;  Ruth Hartwell, 576; John Poole,  578; Annie M. Balkwill, 569.  Model-     X    L  Division No. 1���������Victoria A.  Hooper, 788; Olive M. Smith,  741; Frank A. Brewer, 740; Valentine Gwyther, 735; Ralph H.  Perry, 733; Lucy L. Holt, 723;  Elizabeth James, 722; Floyd Mc-  Coll, 693; Stanley Allan, 691;  Henry P. Knight, 687; Myrtle  Brewer, 680; Gordon O. Wood,  679; Eric N. O'Dell, 669; Gordon M. Graham, 660; Julia C.  Jayne, 654; Clement B. Welch,  646; Dorothy M. Thompson, 640;  Percy C. Mcintosh, 625; Bruce L.  Mitchell, 617; H. Mitchell, 657;  Mary W. Innes, 644; Walter Mur-  dock, 641; Mary C. Morrice, 638;  William Crawford, 630; Robt. B.  Wallace, 692,' Geo. D. Nesbitt,  590; Harry H. Cahill, 558; Dayid  Ciccone, 550.      X  Florence Night&ngafe���������  John Betts, 775; Ernest H. Ep-  pinger, 772; Dorothy Duncan,  718; Georgia L. Bremmfcyer, 717;  Irene G. Haddon, 714; Bernard  Blockberger, 712; Harold R. Of-  ford, 701; John V. Clyne, 693;  Ira Goslin, 691; Walter O. Clark,  673; Albert Hound, 654; Fred. E.  Leggett, 648; Marion OswelL  646; Jessie, E. Casselman, 645,'  Clarence A. Humber, 644; Otto  S. Luke, 642; Richard S. Pierce,  689; Harold J. Blackwood, 638;  Frederic R. Lewis, 630; Mildred  I. Dawson, 628; Esther L. Bow-  ron, 620; Dora M. Colbourne,  611; Phyllis K. Williamson. 601;  Nora C. Davidson, 594 y Stanley  Morgan, 587; Ethel Titley, 581;  Jean R. Marshall, 553.  A TINY SPARK  may cause an immensity of damage and even the destruction of  your home. ;  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MINING  EEOULATIONS  ARE YOU INSURED  AGAINST FIRE?  We   write   Fire   Insurance .in  good Board Companies.        "*  Dow, fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  References: Dun's, Bradstreets,  or any Financial House of repute  in Vancouver. , -  _p. T. FASUS  THE SBOJ3 BBPAJB MAW  has removed from  Gor. 7tb/and Main to  2440 Mala Street Near Broadway  Bring yonr Bepair Work here  and got a free paw to tbe Exo.*4-  way Theatre   Coal   mining  rights   of  the   Domin-)  on,   in   Manitoba,   Saskatchewan   and  Alberta,   the   Yukon    Territory,    the  North-west > Territories  and  in  a portion  of the  province  of  British  Col-j  umbia, may be leased for a term, of J  twenty-one years at an'annual rental I  of $1 an acre.   Not more than 2,5601  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application: for, a lease must be]  made by the applicant in, person to j  the Agent or . Sub-Agent' of the dis-1  trict in which the rights applied -fori  are situated. - |  In surveyed territory the land must  be   described   by   sections,   or   legal  sub-divisions  of  sections,  and  in  un-  surveyed   territory   the   tract   applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant himself. X 1  - Each application ��������� must be accompani-j  ed by a fee of $5 which will be refunded  if the  rights  applied for art  not   available,   but   not   otherwise.   A  loyalty   shall   be   paid   on   the   mer-1  chantable output of the mine at the '  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating tbe inino shall-  furnish the Agent with sworn Totums  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the I  royalty thereon. If the coal mfaing  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include thk eeal mining rights only, but the lessee may "be  permitted Ho purchase whatever available surface rignts may be considered  necessary for the working of tbe mine  at the rate of $10.00 ait acre.  For ' full information application  should be made to the Secretary, i Ot-  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W. GOBY,'  Deputy Minister of- the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized   publication   of  this advertisement'will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  CHAS. CHAPLIN'S DEI4GHT  "Nutty  But Nice"  ���������A-delicious "combination" of pure, velvWTce Cream, Chopped Nuts and  .Fruits,  15  cents.      X   X X  167 Broadway B-  >  TIUT NEW STORE  Lee Bnildlng  Boxes and Tables for the Ladies  New Main  Jack Gif ord, of the New Westminster pros, has gone to England with the contingent of ��������� mechanics who have enlisted for  the manufacture of munitions.  He has been with the Salmonbellies this year only, and' while  h is place will cause a gap in the  line of the champions, still with  matters as they are now the cup  is cinched for the Fraser River  boys at any rate.  "Book-keeping and Shorthand  made easy"  Taught  rapidly  and  efficiently  by  James Black, Certified Teacher of  Commercial Subjects  Phone: Fair. 1630L. or write 826  15th Ave. West  Terms   on   Application.      Private  ^instruction by arrangement.  "WI' A HUNDRED PIPERS AND A' .AND A'"  Caledonian Games  The annual Scottish.gathering of,���������'.&'��������� clans. " Macdonald's  men, Mackenzie's men, McGillivray's mm and Lowland men.'*  The Stewarts, the Macphersons, the McKinnons, tlie Robertsons, the Campbells, the McLennans, the McRaes, the McLeans, the Murrays, the Frasers, the Camerons, the Gra-  hames, the Gordons and the Grants will aft be there. Others  are coming. !i Pipe Band Competition for the Stewart ThouX  sand Dollar Trophy. Special prizes for best aggregate in  Piping, Dancing and Athletic Events. Amateur piping and  amateur Highland dancing. Typical Scottish athletie events  ���������-tossing the caber, hammer-throwing, tug-of-war, races for  *all.   Get your entries in now.  Games Secretary St.' Andrew's and Caledonian Society,  620 Pacific Building or 519 Pender St. WX  WHA' WAD NAXWANT TAE COME?  Brockton Point  August 7th

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