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The Western Call Jul 2, 1915

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Array liUWiDJJUl VyHt*ArilMM*tf1'*rt1,~"-*   Tf"--*?."'-"**:*'*,'���������*���������* ***  jf\ V (>OX4 iX/Xx.  f "^ 4*, ^ -  Bedding Plants���������Ont  Flowers, Decorative  Plants.  Floral Designs and  Sprays^; | etc.    Phone  .. yourV circle*. A - X V: ������..-J  ���������   Keeler's   Ntursery  Phone,  Ft__r.  817  15th and Main  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  MT. PLEASANT  ONDBBTAKDrO  PABLOB8. ,:,:::  162 8th At*. E.  Personal attention is  given and no details  forgotten. Day and  Night Service. Phone  Fair.  189.  'i-  z  VOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,,. FRIDAY, JULY 2, 1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No  "THE CRISIS IN B. C. PAMPHLET"  . \  f  IN OUR THREE preceding issues we haye exposed many of the falacies of this "essay"  by some political parsons and by "Moses"  Cotsworth, who is suffering from a grouch.  That these poor parsons are simply dupes of  Cotsworth is quite clear throughout. It ia also  more than apparent that they were.more or less  blinded by extreme partisanship.  The latter part of this little essay on B. C.  economy is devoted largely to the "Pulp Industry." Like all the rest of- the pamphlet,  it is simply a series* of cunningly devised in-  nuendos, and insinuations, seeking to convey  the impression that certain individuals did illegally and wrongfully with the connivance of  the Government, get large areas of the public domain and profit thereby. Now, space will  not permit of a detailed discussion of the  history of the "Pulp Industry" in B. C., but  this can be said that those who have pioneered  this industry and who are referred ,to in this  essay as "thieves and plunderers," have, with  out exception, lost money.  '  It may be, and no doubt is the case, that  some persons may have reaped a few thousand  dollars profit from the promotion, but that is  equally true of all promotions, even of the Y.M.  CA. building, churches and colleges. There  are always some vampires who sneak a few  dollars. But to say that the pulp leases in B.  C. were a "grand steal" is to talk at random  without   the. facts.  According to "Moses" (Cotsworth) and the  re-incarnated Isaiah, etc. (Cooke) it is a crime  unpardonable for a large company to>lfold areas  of pulp timber. Well, we deduct from their  rather "milk and water" arguments that there  is no objection for one man to secure one claim  of, say, 640 acres. It would naturally follow  that it would be all right for 100 men to each  "hold 640 acres, or a total of. 10Q square miles.  But, say these new economists, these Moses,  Isiahs or Daniels, who have come to judgment,  it is ft crime for a company of 1000 individual  shareholders to own any at all/They would advance like the lobster by going backward. They  would have us go back to vt^e age of individual effort. They call it ^mmefor 100 or  1000 vpersons to pool .their money, to do a  given thing.  It: is welUfor the reader to keep.in mind  that they (Moses, et al) attack the principle of  joint or co-operative action, .they ~d������~������ot- make  any specific charges, therefore, we .are justified  in discussing this question from their own  ground.  All the large pulp, concerns of B- C. are  4'joint stock companies" properly organized under the law. They have registered and are  amenable to law, just as any individual is.  If they do wrong they can be dealt with in our  ���������courts. If they obey the law they are entitled   to   respect.  If we were to divide the holdings of these  coinpanies among the various shareholders it  would be found that the average holding would  oe much less than 640 acres, and we would also  :find that it would be impossible to secure any  results from the holdings.  What company, or person would pay out  two, five or eight million dollars in building  a plant if their whole supply of raw material  were under the control of other persons! Before any person or concern would spend one  dollar on a plant, they would be forced to  sign up contracts for; supply of.- material for  at least twenty years. Then, wherein lies the  "immorality" of joining bands in the first  place, and of 1000 persons pooling their money  under one central head, and thus operating at  .a minimum of cost?  We are told that "Moses" (Cotsworth) is  an expert on figures. Perhaps so, but his logic  is rotten. Rev. Cooke, so he himself says, is  equal to Isaiah, St. Paul, Luther, John Knox  and others. We will not dispute it; but as a  political economist he is an abject failure. The  only criticism we have had regarding our com-  .- mets on the '' Crisis in B.C." is that it was  too much like exhuming a corpse. Why not,  say our critics, let it lie in its coffin. Why not,  think, is good advise and will leave the funeral  ceremonies to the "Ministerial Union of tbe  Lower Mainland."  THE CHURCH AND  THE WORLD CRISIS  THE WAR has brought the realization of the  X  paralyzing   influence   of   the   drink   traffic.  Russia has gone dry, and the Russian finance  minister declares that the fact, although it killed the richest government monopoly, has so  assisted the financial condition of Russia as to  make the burden of this awful war financially  light.  The insurance actuaries have declared that  in spite of the death rate of the battle field  the saving from the ravages of liquor on human  life will make Russia the gainer after the conflict.  France is going dry. and has in part done so.  Britain has failed in the effort.  The failure appears to be largely due to the  opposition of the "clergy.  Be sure your world is not one in which things  "happen, but one in which things'are done.  THE MUDDLES in the titles of the lands sold for. taxes are hard to straighten and are  costly. Not many tax sales, even by the low standard of law on which they are based,  would hold water. But if the owner whose property is sold away from him tries  to fight the matter, he finds that the expense of doing so would in many cases eat up  the value of the property. If the purchaser undertakes to resell he will probably find that  , before he can register an indefeasible title he must undertake an appeal to the courts under  the quitening of titles act. This, if unopposed, will cost him probably two or three hundred  dollars, and if opposed may cost him the value of the property. -  In either case the litigant may find that if. he wins, the costs have left hia victory  barren, and if he loses he is left with ft millstone of debt. It's a bad business altogether.   It brings no credit and little cash to the municipality holding the sale.  , It brings little ' credit to the1 governments who allow such laws to remain on the  books.  It brings little credit to the men who follow, the tax sales and buys lands under  such  morally  cowardly and unjust  circumstances.  The whole system should be drastically revised.  A meeting of the persons who are interested in bringing about better things will be  held at the Western Call office next Monday at 2.20 o'clock for the organization of the  Property Owners' Protective Association. /  SHACKELING     ENTERPRISE  What concerneth every man is not whether  Tie fail or succeed, but that he did his duty.-���������  Tan MacLaren.  THE MATTER of the Government or the City,  or the Municipality demanding a considerable license fee  before  a  man may engage  in   any   line   of   business   is   contrary   to the  needs and to the genius of the province.  Here is a man who has a family to keep,  a home to sustain, taxes to pay, etc., in the city  of Vancouver. But he is out of employment.  What shall such a man dot  Let him emulate certain Galilean fishermen  who found their clerical employment suddenly  brought to a close. X  "I go a-fishing," said one. "We also go  with thee," said the others. Finding a boat  and a net they forthwith went to follow put  that simple means of getting a livelihood. V  ������ Here our citizens are met by the government  of the Dominion, and the government says to  them, you must not go. until you have each  paid to me the sum of ��������� -dollars for  the privilege.  It is useless to plead the lack of the money.  "Then you must stay on the shore and starve,";;  says the government. v  ,j|ut each of ;thevmep. haye found the mopey^  to "pay the Dominion for the privilege, then  they Are met by the government of the province with a similar demand. But, says ������������������ the  would-be fisherman, "J have a license to fish  from your superior, the Dominion government,  who is to hinder me from going on with the  work I am licensed to do?"  "I  will,"  says  the  province,  "and  if you  fish without paying me first a fee of-   X ���������  dollars, I will send you to jail, or at the least  fine you a sum equal to the fee, or more, and  withhold the right to fish still."  "But my children need the money I can thus ;  earn."  "I have nothing to do with that," says the  province.  "At least  let  me  go  and  fish  for  thirty  "If you fish at all without a license, I will  have you arrested," answers the province.  And in these times of struggle for bread the  two governments cannot see or do not care  that they are killing the enterprise of the individual by demanding revenue from the enterprise BEFORE IT CAN BE EARNEP.  Here is a man who has a mine. He knows  that it is worth developing. Again the demand  for preliminary payments while the investment  is idle during development work prevents him.  The writer saw a boat for an inner lake,  fit to carry cargo to the outlying settlements  on the margin, of that large lake which were  without transportation  facilities of any kind.  An enterprising settler who understood boats  said. "I will build a boat." He took the trees  of the forest and out of them built his boat  and had it ready to launch, when the timber  inspector came along, and seized the boat for a  few dollars he claimed should FIRST have been  paid to the government for the use of the  timber.  The builder had absolutely no money. There  was not .fifty dollars in ready money in all  that community because of the .want of the  boat to carry their produce to market. The  builder pleaded for the boat to be libelled  until she could be made to earn the money.  He offered a mortgage to the government.  The inspector was adamant. And the boat  is still rotting on the stocks if they have not  indeed  given way under her.  The man's enterprise was killed, and the  community was denied the use of the boat.  Many instances of this vicious practice could  be cited, but to what avail ? This country  should offer inducement to men to take what  they find of resources freely for a beginning.  After they have commenced to earn they should  pay the fee, but not until then.  AVAILABLE RESOURCES  THE AMERICANS have for years been running  a canning factory putting up crabs caught in  Boundary Bay. The supply of these in  Canadian waters is as great as in the American  waters adjoining. The meat of the crabs caught  there is very fine. The feeding ground for the  crabs is good and clean.  Some of the unemployed could be started  here to obtain and prepare food for themselves  for the destitute, and for the market. A little of the money spent in non-productive relief  work would in this way be profitably invested  and would be directly producing food and also  financial returns. XX  The clam beds of the same bay are great  and could be utilized in the same way.  Other parts of our coast are full of food  of, high quality, and there is no excuse for  those in charge of the necessary relief works  overlooking these sources of supply of food and  profitable   labor.  ^ That the salmon run is not used as an emergency supply is amazing. Use stake nets and  draw as large a supply as possible from the  i ��������� water this year* What if the fisK) companies are  cut a little in profit for a year tor -two.- Jt is  better that the people of the province be fed  than that a few persons make a large profit.  Use the present occasion to bring the stake-  nettersof tbe States to a realization that the salmon fisheries of the Fraser are subject for their  existence to the Canadian Fisheries Pepartment  and that by using the same wasteful methods  as the Americans use annually the whole may he  destroyed.  We say wasteful, realizing that what would  be wasteful under ordinary circumstances would,  ibe fully justifiable under these.  Even under these circumstances we' would  not' see the stake netting privilege handed to  the cannery companies, but kept in the government's hands.       ^ ...._____...  In fact, the resources of the province should  be mobilized to meet the conditions, which may  be much worse before they are better and we  say frankly that unless there is an effort made  on these lines the powers that be will bave  to explain away a great deal when the crisis  is over.  Now the property owner is being forced to  pay in relief grants and non-revenue producing  works, for food for the hungry, which is lying  dormant in endless quantities in the domain in  the trust of the government untuted.  The federal member showed common sense  and of that kind that it is a crime to overlook  when he recommended that the unemployed be  set to gather and prepare stores of food from  these sources.  THE UNITED STATES  '   AND THE WAR  Happiness is a habit���������cultivate it-  The great secret of making the labor of life  easy is to do each duty every day.XMarsden.  Having thus chosen our course, let us renew  our trust in God and go forward without fear,  I  and with manly hearts.���������Lincoln.  THERE IS EVERY REASON for congratulation  towards the heads of the government of the  United States at the stand they have taken in  the matter of the war. >  Since the Lusitania was destroyed the United States have let it be known to Germany  that they would on a recurrence of such an  outrage against humanity draw the sword at the  side of the Allies. Since that time the activities of the submarines have been restricted,  and since that time there seems to be even on  the part of the enemy some glimmering of. the  enormity of the crime and of the cowardliness  of it. x  Whether the United States does well in  keeping out of the great conflict is not for us  to say. This much will however be said later,  and perhaps none , knew it better than Mr.  Wilson, and his associates, namely, that in the  greatest conflict waged for human freedom in  all history the land which has chiefly boasted  of its freedom has not drawn the sword, at  all events up to the present time.  But this war will not be the last waged  in regard to this matter. Once again, and perhaps many times, there will be efforts to establish on the ruins of freedom and democracy such tyranny as the Prussian dynasty  aims at and as  it practices  at home.   Before  BRYAN A PRO "BABY KILLER  tf  vs?X������|F  $X'V  THAT   WILLIAM   JENNINGS   BRYAN,   late  Secretary   of   State   in   President   Wilson's  cabinet, is pro-German tmd openly bidding  for the German-American vote is clearly demon-.,  strated by the account of his recent meeting;;  in the Madison Square Garden, New Ybric,. unX������pX������������|  der the auspices of that pro-German organiza- ^|p|$|^  tion known as "The Friend of Peace," and is. Xpp!������X|  further demonstrated by the resolution passed at XlXX-if  this meeting under the spell pf his -"aUver^toii-^'-'''^'-^^^  gued  oratory."  For many years the Christian people of  America have looked upon Bryan as a sort of  "super-man," a person apart from the ordinary  politician. His recent action in deserting his  President during a period of peculiar stress and  difficulty, and now in stumping the country under the colors of an Anti-American organization simply brand him as a political monte-  bank, an opportunist, a hypocrite and a time  server. He sees the chance of "catching" the  German-American support, of crystallizing that  solid sentiment and coupling it up with the  ultra church vote, and thus landing the Presidency. His action is political and not patriotic.  The following is the account of his New  York meeting from a New York despatch:  What is National Honor? Asks Bryan  William Jennings Bryan, addressed a meeting in Madison Square Garden, New York,- under  the auspices of the "Friends of Peace," and.,.,.,-Xfe#&^  gave his definition of national honor, and called;S:^i!$iftP  upon his hearers to"cast"'your Ninfluence not^v|;fel||ip  in favor of either side, but in favor of peace<r/k������/^/$:  for  the  United  States and  against war with^^^^^j  any of the belligerent nations." VVr;^XXX  After Mr.  resolution calling  an  embargo  ammunition.  J,    Mr. Bryan' asserted: that there is ��������� iiiqlMi|^pii^il  tion but that the nation's honor shall be  tained, but only a question as to what is) I  honor and what it requires for its defence!  xx    r*v/������''jl-��������� ^~. *e*wltWee>,9799> *ee49e4w9**eer *^*e^*r**$\  Mr. Bry&'wid all citizens'are  this country should follow an bonora  but whether it should, be the old, blood-stame^|?ifppj|  definition; which he said the, jingoes recommen^^^fcilliil  ed. or a definition in harmony with the spirit  of the age,- is a  question upon which every  citizen has a right to speak.  "In the matter of war," Mr. Bryan continued, "we have made less progress than along  some other lines, partly because a few profit  largely by war; partly because race and national hatreds .have blinded many to the truth, and  partly because international rivalries have been  made a pretext for preparations which themselves provoke war."  Mr. Bryan denounced the men who, he said,  call upon this nation to take up arms.  "These men," he said, "do not speak the  mind or the conscience of the masses; they  define national honor in terms that are becoming  obselete. They do not represent either the  interests or the purposes of the American  people." .."' ...-.ri  agreed thai������|tei]  able coursej|gp|^|  the last of, these is fought the United. States  will stand  by  our  side.  It has evidently been the purpose of the  Divine Mind in bringing about the separation  of the United States from the rest of the Anglo-  Saxon world to form a reservoir into which the  life of the Anglo-Saxon race might flow and  where it might receive and assimilate the overflow of the other races. Had the United States  not separated from Britain when she did, and  the country as a British nation received the  rapid development which came to her in her  separation, every step in that development being as it would then have appeared to be, a step  forward for the British Empire, the jealousy  of the European Nations would have been aroused to the breaking point years ago, and the  whole race would have been engaged in a series of wars in self-defence. But because the  United States separated and grew up apparently  antagonistic to Britain, both sections of the  people were left to increase in numbers and  power until   this day.  But there are forces loosed now which  will in time bring all the Anglo-Saxon^ race  shoulder to  shoulder.  At* this time the United States are divided  between pro-British and her Allies, and pro-  German and her allies.  When the present war is over, however, and  Germany, at home and abroad, learns the truth,  as learn it they must and will, there will be a  change of. heart on the part of the German  people who are not Prussian, and they will see  that the Allies are fighting as hard for the  freedom of the German states as they are for  their own freedom. Then all the United States  will be ready to stand in with the right in this  quarrel which will most surely break out again.  Ever since William was crowned we have believed he would some day start the fire which  would among other things have the effect of  welding the two branches of the Anglo Saxon  people together again. This may not come in  his day or ours, but the fire has been started  and it will not finally die out again until that  and   much   other   work   is   done.  Don't get in a rut, the only difference between a rut and the grave is the length and  breadth. CALL  Friday, July 2, 1915.  Perhaps there is no part of  the world about jwhich. information is so eagerly sought as that  vast unexploited region which  lies in the great northwest of our  fair Dominion of Canada. When  we find that the great, cities of  Petrograd in Russia, and Christiana in Norway, are many hundreds of miles farther north than  Edmonton or Prince Rupert, we  are anxious to know more of this  great territory that has hardly  been scratched, and so full of  possibilities and promise.  The stream of immigration flowing westward is rapidly exhausting the reserves of vacant land  in that part of the Canadian  west which used to be known,  to the detriment of the territory farther to the north as "The  Fertile Belt."  Settlement has overflowed the  northern frontier of the "belt of  supposed limited fertility," and  many thousands of acres of agricultural land have been surveyed by the Dominion government  immediately north of the North  Saskatchewan, and in the Peace  River Valley, and surveys are being rapidly extended to keep up  with the pressure of advancing  settlement. While the trend of  immigration is turning northward, the eyes of the capitalist  are attracted in the same direction. Information concerning the  resources of the country ohee  ignored is now sought for. Fapts  about the climate, the soil, the  timber, the rivers, the lakes, the  minerals, the fish, the game, obtained at the risk of. life and  limb by fur trader, explorer, mis-  sionary, geologist and sportsman,  even those facts regarded not  so long ago as merely interesting,  have now a practical value/  The once prevailing idea that  the whole of the immense  territory north of the North  Saskatchewan was a sterile,  frost-bound waste destined  for all time to remain a  wilderness, is now largely a  thing of the past, and the opportunities which the latent resources of the silent places of the  unexploited northwest afford to  the enterprising and the adventurous, challenge the attention. of.  the whole world.  With interest powerfully attracted to the more easterly sections of the country by the recent extensions northward of the  limits of the. provinces of Ontario and Manitoba, and with easy  means of communication with the  larger divisions farther west assured, thanks to the, progress of  the construction of. railways  northward to Port Nelson on  Hudson Bay, to McMurray in the  Athabasca country, ' and the  Pacific Great Eastern to the  Peace River country, it certainly  looks as though the long neglected northland were coming into  its own at last.  By connecting with the three  thousand miles of almost uninterrupted steamboat communication on Athabasca, Peace, Slave,  Ronnie's Seeds and All Kinds of .Seed Potatoes  Delta Grain and Feed Store  1647 Main Street  Our Specialty  Potatoes and .All Kinds of Vegetables  Free City Delivery  Phone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver, 3. 0.  WOOD  ���������POJftNlPN WOOP YAW  '.'���������*���������*���������$ fMOl *%%.'" A'-  3 Loads of-Edgings $5.00 in No. I District, also  MWnds of W������ Wood  Ffcone: Fair. jw4  "Pride of tbe  ft  OVE&AW43. SBIRTS, PANTS and MACJBNAW  CWTHWa  iaNUyACTOI*P IN VANCOUVER  Vy    -  MACKAY SM^^  "Buy Goods Hade at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  and Mackenzie rivers, and Athabasca and Great Slave lakes, the  railways being constructed into  the Athabasca and Peace river  countries will place the whole  Mackenzie basin within easy  reach of the prospector, the explorer, the sportsman and the  tourist. The line being constructed to Hudson Bay, as soon  as steamboat communication is  established therewith, will lay the  very heart of that alluring El  Dorado, which we call the Barren Lands, with its herds of  musk-oxen and caribou and its  mineral wealth, open to the prospector and the sportsman, for,  via Chesterfield Inlet, Baker  Lake and the Thelon, there is  uninterrupted waterway from  Hudson Bay for a distance of  five hundred and fifty miles into  the interior.  The exceptional attractions  which the northland holds ,out to  the sportsman are certain to contribute largely towards discovery and development of the natural resources of the country.  A couple of years ago a paper  wag submitted to a convention of  railway men, on the value of  the tourist sportsman as a  means of publicity for undeveloped country, in which he pointed  out that the cultured business  men who find their greatest  pleasure, relaxation and physical benefit from trips into the  wilds, are quick to discern the  commercial value of waterpowersr  timber and minerals, and a number of instances were related  where hunting trips had resulted  either in the discovery of unexpected natural resources or in  large investments in the country  visited.  While the united energies of.  the capitalist, the railroad builder and the agriculturist have  been devoted to the exploration  of the "belt of supposed limited  fertility," the much larger area of  virgin country extending from  the northern limits of this strip  to the Arctic Sea and lying between Hudson Bay and the  Rocky Mountains, has not been  neglected.  This (not including the Yukon) the most northern section  of the vast western region formerly ruled by the Hudson Bay  Company, comprises considerably  more territory than the provinces  of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince  Edward Island combined. Its very  vastness, coupled with its remoteness from the great centres  of population, has tended to keep  it, as far as the world at large  is concerned, comparatively a  land unknown.  The word "comparatively" is  used advisedly, for while it is  true that the greater part of  the unexploited northland is unexplored and unknown, we have  in one way or another obtained  considerable   useful   information  about it. Now and again word  has come from some mission station or trading post somewhere  lip in the far north,; of root  crops, barley, bats, and even  wheat being raised during a long  succession of years, with phenomenal success. Explorers have related how they were regaled upon  potatoes and other vegetables  grown a few miles from the  Arctic Circle. A sample of  wheat grown at Fort Vermillion,  three hundred and fifty miles  north of Edmonton, was awarded  first prize at the Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia a few  years ago in competition with  the whole world. Geological explorers have reported vast deposits of coal and other minerals  underlying immense areas in the  far north. Adventurous travellers  have disclosed the existence of  timber areas and of game and  fish preserves of fabulous richness.  This great northern country  long ago had its champions, who  challenged the attention of the  world by predicting for sections  of it ,at least, an agricultural  and industrial future. A former  employee of the Hudson Bay  Company, a son of the north,  jealous of the reputation of this  country, wrote: "There is in  our northwesj an area, continuous in every direction ahd easily  accessible to' its utmost limits,  containing over three hundred  millions of acres of. wheat ahd  pasture lands, with forests of finest timber, and the largest known  coal and bitumen, and also probably the richest gold areas in  the world���������a land teaming with  animal and vegetable life, extending to the Arctic Circle, an area  watered by the great Athabasca,  Peace and Mackenzie rivers, with  their countless affluents."  The fertile zone curves towards the north as it proceeds  westward so that the western extremity is several hundreds of  miles higher than the eastern,  the curves apparently following  pretty closely certain lines of  temperature. The forest zone extends to latitude 61 degrees on  Hudson Bay or a couple of hundred miles north of Fort Churchill. Coal crops out at intervals  in seams of ten to twelve feet  thick from the Mackenzie in the  far north to the Saskatchewan.  Ironstone has been discovered in  the Athabasca/Sulphur abounds  kpn Peace and Smoky rivers. Salt  is plentiful near Great Slave lake  and plumbago and mineral pitch  on Lake Athabasca, and copper,  native and in the form of ma-  chite, on Coppermine riveir.  '-'" With the object of presenting  more information concerning tbis  great unexploited land, the Western Call intends to publish from  time to time, articles of interest touching on the cliniate, physical features ahd natural resources of this great country.  HIGH EXPLOSIVES'  JtO&S IN TIIE W-A*  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  Napoleon is credited with the  cynical but profound reniark that  God is on the side of the heaviest battalions. If we say that  victory is on the side that has the  most high explosives at its command we. shall bring the statement up to date. For months  now we.have heard of the need  of the Allies for munitions and  munitions and more munitions. Of  course, nigh explosive shells are  but one munition, yet they are  more desperately needed than  any other. Lemberg is in the  hands of the Germans to-day because the Russian army was not  adequately equipped with high  explosive shells. Only a few weeks  ago it seemed that in Galicia the  Russian army was everywhere successful. It had peneti-ated the  Carpathian passes. Then for no  reason that the non-military  reader could understand it began  to sway backward. German and  Austrian soldiers occupied every  day almost the distance that they  could have marched in a sham  battle. The Russians were hurled back and back, until now they  are almost out of Galicia. The  reason for this surprising change  in the situation is that the Russians have been short of high  explosives, while the enemy has  aeeulated a store of them. ?Germ-  an artillery has prevented the  Russians infantry from coming  to close quarters, and Russia's  superiority in the matter of men  has been for the time being  wiped out.  At Neuve Chapelle  Something of a similar nature  happened a few weeks ago at  Neuve Chappelle, when the British, by concentrated artillery fire  smashed the German line. In  this  engagement they  expended  more ammunition than was fired  in the course of the Boer war.  One^ German officer said that it  was not warj it was murder;  that no troops could live under  the hail of lead and steel. Another exclaimed:  "Good God, man! It wasn't  human warfare, but the wrath of  hell let loose instead. It was a  horrible mixture of shrieking,  bursting shells and unending  earthquakes. Nerves couldn't  stand it. We were literally swept  away by the relentless storm of  explosive shells. There was no  way to turn to escape it. The  confusion was simply awful. And  then, from behind the screen of  that devastating blast, the British infantry rushed upon our  stunned and staggered remnants.  We hadn't a chance!"  Shrapnel's Business  Drying our tears, for the misfortunes of the Germans who  were deprived of their chance,  let us look at the question of  the high explosive shells, which  have'been heard of first in the  past few weeks. A high explosive shell is nothing more than ������  shrapnel shell raised to the nth  power. It is gunpowder against  the shrapnel's arrow, dynamite  against the shrapnel's gunpowder. It is a shell that bursts,  and hurls its particles not only  through a human body, but  through the toughened wood of a  gun butt. Nearly everybody understands shrapnel. It -leaves the  gun as a shell, and may burst  either upon striking some object  or in a given numbers of seconds after having been fired. It  is most effectively employed  against troops in the open. Then  it is fired with a time fuse attached, and bursts after having  traveled a thousand or two thousand yards. The contents of the  shrapnel shell and the metal case  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & JMMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST. VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  d   on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. .8942.  1101 Pominion Building.  itself is then hurled downward,  and falls upon the troops like  rain. It has been charged that  Kitchener calculated that the  war would be won by shrapnel,  and therefore concentrated all his  organizing efforts to produce this  kind of explosive.  High Explosive Shells  It happens, however, that this  is a trench war, and that the  Germans have burrowed their  way into the earth, protecting  themselves with concrete so that  the shrapnel strikes only the  ground, and fails to pentrate the  trench fortifications. High explosive shells are loaded with lead  and iron like, shrapnel, but the  charge is exploded by chemicals  many times more powerful than  gunpowder. A high explosive  shell bursts into innumerable  fragments with such force that  concrete will be shattered and  earth fortifications that are a  protection against ordinary  shrapnel are of no more service  than an umbrella against their  hail. The missiles are the same  ���������lead and iron-���������the exploding  agent is as much more powerful  than powder as electric light is  more powerful than gas.  The moral Effect  The high explosive .shells not  only kill the men lying sheltered in the trenches���������they destroy  the trenches, obliterate fortifications, and make a city look as  though it had been devastated  hy--fire;----~-^ith^--tiie-rhest;^inten--  tions in the world,; shrapnel  could not accomplish these results. Moreover, the moral effect  of high explosive shells is enormous. They deafen, blind and  often deprive temporarily of rea  son the troops that are obliged  to face them. They spread not  only death, but panic. The army  is called upon to live through  a series of earthquakes and electrical storms, and the nerves of  all but the stoutest give way.  Then when the high explosives  have accomplished the work of  demoralization, an infantry  charge is pressed home, and those  who have survived the artillery  fire are driven from their positions, and the battle is won.  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE &  GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  ~ CHvo Pringle. N. 0. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bisilway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle i������ a member of the-  Bar of BritUh Columbia.  9M9999rW*t9     *MW9'9*fl1������r*j^^M^f      ""fwWW  T  mm  ~<y  acco  "BOUGH ON RATS" clears out  rats, mice, etc. Don't die in the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. t.f.  You Can Save Money  By Using  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  Eight ir 25 Cents  THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  32 Bides on  TangoTickets  $1.00  Your Saving on  $1 Investment  60c  32 Rides at  a 5 cent fare  $1.60  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B. C. ELECTRIC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  Good (without transfer) on any B. C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. until, midnight.  "Q. B." Means    Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  '' Q. B." Means   Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B." Means "Made in B. C."  by White Help.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd. Friday, July 2, 1915.  THE WESTB1N  CALL  NOTES ^TltE-  ....*'��������� ���������������������������:-      x    By w .i. iafis  Now the first symptoms, of our  horror at German atrocities are  over, the clamour for the internment of alien enemies seems to  be dying down, nevertheless, a  glance at our daily papers tells  us of the blowing up of a shell  factory and the arrest of a German in the vicinity with several  pounds of dynamite hidden upon  his premises.  The humble follower of. The  Prince of Peace addressed the  other "humble followers" in New  York the other evening���������  The chair was taken by a German gentleman who a short time  ago was using his whole body  and soul to embroil the United  States with Great Britain. The  German naval and military attaches, the Austrian and Turkish  ambassadors and all the well  known fenian haters of our Empire  were  present.  Perhaps WiDiam Jennings Bryan has lost a tile from his roof���������  at any rate he certainly Appears  to be following the Prince of Pirates instead of The Prince of  Peace.  Mayor Taylor is a very generous person. He "'says"ypte for  ME and I will give you a full  dinner pail." The.man who owns  property could do with a square  meal sometimes���������Hthis is ..the man  who pays the taxes. Mayor Taylor does not own a rabbit hutch,  hence the full dinner pail must  come from the man who often  has to go hungry himself.  A correspondent of the News-  Advertiser in a letter asks me if  "I took any steps to bring a man  to justice" whom I referred to  lately as using traitorous words  in North Vancouver.  As I was miles away it was  impossible for me to "take any  steps''���������perhaps it is as well���������  who knows? If I had been there  I might have been interned for  a time and the 'other fellow let  off with, a caution.  The time has come when the  nation must have the truth, despite the consequences. Did the  people whimper when it was  known that we had been beaten  in a naval engagement oft the  11 Quarts for $LQQ  Guaranteed above the  ...,r ��������� '.X '    ' '��������� ���������;   ..-   .'��������� '   *' X  standard in Butter fat.  All pur milk comes from  tuberculin tested cows.  II any Person can prove tbat our milk  is not pure in every way, we wiU cbeer-  fuUy donate $50.00 to any cbaritable  institution in tbe city.  PeUyered to your Some Paily  Fbone: Fair. 1934  131 15tb Avenue W.  coast of Chile? They did not  ever murmur! They just clenched  their jaws and waited, knowing  that the navy, like the army,  would justify its high renown. A  great nation is never so great as  when beset by difficulties, that is  the supreme jtest; of pluck, patience and breeding.  The sterner the struggle,, the  stronger and, more steadfast ;a  virile people becomes as our-history proves. ;        *-.  In the former days of the war  Britain was fed on pap by the  authorities. Now we know just  what we require and men and  munitions will be ready when  wanted.  .���������   ���������   ���������  There is a bond of fellowship  in the British Empire which we  never realized before. The class  distinctions, if not broken down,  are fast becoming so. Trade unionists and rich men are ; standing side by side in , the same  righteous cause. The stupid party  distinctions seem to be giving  way, it almost seems as if good  was coming out of evil. We are  fighting for our life and our liberty, we are fighting too, against  a brutal materialism and a gospel set up by our foes that "might  is right." I almost think we are  fighting for the doctrine of the  Master, that which we call  "Love."  But this does not mean that  we should accept peace at any  price. "This does not mean that  God will not use us to punish  those who have proven themselves  His enemies as well as: our own.  It is not the German people we  want to crush, but the devilish  system. The Kaiser and his  Potsdam junkers and my old  "friend" Admiral Von Tirpitz.  The teachers of their beastly kul-  ter and then we can call for  peace. May the guns ring in a  new age of wider charity, a bigger God, and a larger heaven.  ���������'������������������..*���������.'*.  Prayers for Peace  We pray for peace, but I think  I am right in saying we can only  pra������ for a peace which will mean  the death-knell forever of German militarism;  To pray for peace, and leave  the Prussian system still strong  enough to practice its lying (dip  lomacy, its devilish orgies,; to  pursue its infernal propaganda in  which the 'drill-book takes,; the  place of the BiWe-~woul^ol>e ap  attitude bf folly or of criminality.  In our prayers for_j)eace we  must believe in a God Who works  through evolutionary methods,  and that upward process will be  marked in the future by pain and  bitter self-sacrifice. In our players for peace we must pray for  courage and victory or else 'tis  better not pray at all. If we are  dissmblers sometimes in our pub-  pits, and upon our public platforms, let us.be true.men when  we get on our knees. Let us pray  to the God Who makes for righteousness. "God teacheth my  hands to war and my fingers to  fight."  ARMSTRONG, M0RKJS0N & CO.  ;--x' '��������� ������������������"������������������:--;.xJi(fcrraro-  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 .Bower Building  Seymour 1836  V.ANOOUVER OAXXDA  force the lawful Government of  India."  The attempt at revolution was  launched, according to witnesses,  at a meeting of 6,000 East In-  ians at Sacramento, Cal. in August, 1914. .',;  "It was thought," declared one  witness who was present at this  meeting, "that aa a great war  had broken out in,Europe and  troops from India were serving  in this war. It was a good chance  for East Indians to demand their  rights, and, if necessary, to use  force."  The witness was one of a party  of 70 Indians who left San Francisco on August 29 for Hopg  Kong, en route for India.  The Sacramento meeting was  one of many held in America  after the failure of the attempt  of Gurdit Singh to obtain the  entry of 400 Indion laborers into Vancouver, contrary to law,  and their return to the East.  Har Dayal, once an Oxford student, who lived for many years in  San Francisco, and is said to be  now in Switzerland, was mentioned in the testimony. One of the  accused, who turned State's evidence, testified that he was working as a mechanical engineer  in St. John, N3-, with other In-  ians, and that Har Dayal at their  suggestion went to St. John and  lectured in various places to his  fellow Indians on "Liberty and  Equality" and collected money to  start a revolutionary paper call  ed the  Gadhr.  Following the arrival at Hong  Kong of the party of Indians  which sailed from San Francisco  on August 29, parties of Indians  went to various ports of the Far  East, with a view to seditious  propaganda among the Indians  They were active among the Indian Sepoys stationed at Hong  Kong, and they instigated the  nearly successful mutiny at Singapore on February 15. The leaders  obtained considerable assistance,  it was testified, from German  sources. ���������.'  The witness gave details of the  activity of the ringleaders after  reaching the Punjab, and of efforts to seduce the Indian troops  in Lahore, Umbella, Meerut and  other cantonments. A general  rising in the Punjab, the United  Provinces and the north-west  frontier province was set for  February 21, one of its features  being an attack on the Lahore  cantonment arsenal. Emissaries  were sent in all directions a week  in advance, but on February 19  suspicion fell on one Kirpal Singh  who had arranged to go and excite the troops at Mainmir. A  party of the conspirators was  surrounded at a house in Lahore  and the conspiracy was frustrated. ..  Jos. H. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vravarer, B. C.  Telephone: North Vancouvet 10$  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  *  SHIP BUILDERS-SCOWS���������REPAIRS  MARINE RAILWAY  North Vancouver, B. C.  A Calcutta despatch of recent  date says.���������  The full story of a carefully  'arranged effort to effect a re-  | volution in British India, hatched,  it is said, in California, has been  revealed in detail in court proceedings under the new Defence  of Indian Act at Lahore. Eighty-  one persons were named in the  indictment, charged with "conspiracy to wage war against his  Majesty   and   to   overthrow   by  paralysed   straight   away,   and  then the Germans advance on us  to attack. ,If you catch the smoke  you number is up, but we have  wet  cloths   over  our  eyes   and  nose    and    mouth.   When    the  Germans come near us thinking  we are paralysed with the  gas  they are welcomed by our rifle  fire, and we cut them up.  There  is  terrible  slaughtering  in  consequence:    thousands    of    dead  lying about.    We have    broken  'through three or four times, but  we can't advance owing to - delays on other parts of our horses  at the firing point, and we don't  know the minute we may' get the  order to  gallop through a gap  ion of some here the War will end  about June or July.  I have had  in the enemy lines.  In the opin-  some wonderful escapes, but my  regiment has lost a lot this time.  I see in the paper issued here  that  fourteen  of  us,  including  myself .are mentioned in despatches.   The   people   of  England  ought to be very proud of   the  regulars, who are holding on so  gallantly.   There is, not a regular  regiment of the line which has  not been cut up, and still we can  beat the Germans.  "There is not a living person*  who can be indifferent to tho_B>  enormous 17-inch shells.  The gun-t\i  that fires them is 9y2 miles awiyjX  One shell comes over every ttin'v  minutes   to   a -seeond.  We   esn v  hear it long before it passes ov������r. -:  It  sounds like a child's heart-'  rending scream in the distance.;,  It quickly; gets louder and loudfr;  in tone.  It makes you feel ariCv  you want to run for your Jiff),  but you don't  know  whereKlto'*  ������.,������   *������.   i-:-i������-.. i*.    t* j_   ._ IvLX  IN TBJ3 T&EN08ES WITH  TUB CAV.AL&Y  Deny Hussar Mentioned in Pas-  Writing to his parents in  Londonderry Corporal William  M 'Cleery, _o| _ the JthJHussars,  who has been at the front since  the commencement of the war,  says:���������"Well, we are out of the  trenches again. We were in a  very long time on this occasion,  and there is terrible slaughtering  now here at Ypres. The Germans  are firing shells with poisonous  gas, and it comes over the trenches "when the the wind is blowing  in a yellow smoke. If you catch  it you turn up, so when the  Germans discharge it and the  wind is blowing in the direction  of  our  trenches   our  chaps   get  THS EFFECTS OF SHELL FJBJ3  run to miss it.  It ends in bpfc  enormous crash, louder than |nyx  clap of thunder you have afp*^  heard.  Then you see an Jjfjft .  column   of   black   smoke,   aajj/^i  according to what it strikes, t)u������  air is filled with anything vi_0$*  ing from stones, bricks timfcipV;  and parts of waggons, to hoV"    "  and human beings. These are';  famous "Jack Johnson"  si"  The interval between these  tors is filled with shrapnel ship  but   it   is   a   pleasure   to ?Hfi,  among those after the otber eWt-  ed  things.  But in spite  of #tf  this we are far from dism*y*d  (the    writer    adds) ;We .Hit*'  hammering away at them, me%4m  we   have   now  plenty  of  men,  plenty   .of   guns,   and   enough  ammunition to make a promising  start,  it  is  now  their turn  to  receive hell. I am convinced that  A non-commissioned officer at . _.____,���������������������������  the Front, writing to a friend in J their turn has come, but J fear  Pallycastle, says���������  Iwe shall lose many good men."  X:xv^xxvxi^xxx3  THE STOVB THAT HELPS YOU HURRY  WITH a NEW PERFECTION Oil Cookstove  you don't have to wait for the fire to come up.  Just scratch a match ��������� the mw PERFECTION  lights instantly, like a eas stove. Your meal is prepared  and on the table in no time.  A NEW PERFECTION in your kitchen means cool, comfortable cooking all lummcr. Made in 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner sizes.  At hardware and department stores everywhere. If your dealer  cannot supply you, write us direct.  ROYA.LITB OIL  GIVES "p|7 1  Oil  BEST RBSULTS  :ion  'NOW SERVING  2.080.000  HOMES"  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  BRANCHES IN  y������y    ALL CITIES  &-5  Alade in  Canada  SECOND   BEACH,  POPULAB  WITH SATHEBS.  LAWN   SEED  FERTILIZER  SEED  OATS  Early Rose Seed Potatoes  Grace Darling Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Beliance Seed Potatoes  F. T. VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT FEED STOBE  255 BBOADWAT EAST Two Phones:   Fair 186 and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Chick Food for Best Besults  :l /  THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, July 2, 1915.  H. H. 8TBVBN8, M. P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PBJ&S, 1IMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 mNGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140. ^  SU.B8CRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Achrance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  THE WAR  THE GREAT CONFLICT drags its weary length  along.   Lemburg has again passed into the  hands of the Teutons.   The Carpathians, to  force  the  passes  of  which  Russia  made  such  grand efforts  in  the  winter, have  again been  pierced by  the Teutons,  and a  great deal of  Galician territory also has passed back to them.  On the other hand the Teutons have sacrificed a mighty army of men. Hundreds of thousands  have fallen,  and the  major portion of  them have fought their last fight.   Maimed or  dead  they pa*������ over to the great army of non-  combatants.   These the Teutons cannot well re-  Again, there has been a mighty quantity of  ammunition expended by the Teutons. They  may be making- munitions fast, but the allies  are daily increasing the amount they are turning out, and there is the certainty that the  balance will be the. sooner Jon the side of the  Allies because of. the enormous quantities of  metal the Teutons have expended in the Galician campaign.  Still, further, the Teutons have succeeded  in shortening the Russian lines of communication^ for them, and have at the same time  /greatly lengthened their own,. and this at a  time when good strategy would have left the  Russian lines as far extended from their bases  as possible, and have shortened their own.  Hoping to strike an effective blow, however,  the Germans pressed on, and under the ^necessity of  gaining  moral  victories  on  which   to  sustain the crushed heart of their people, they  ���������V'  were under the necessity  of clearing Galicia,  '_���������,' reassuring Hungary, and getting what comfort  '    they can out o������ the capture of the ground on  \ which the fortresses formerly stood.  It is an interesting time.  What in this war has been called political  forces are at wor at the same time that the  V   armies are fighting, and the political activities  '    are as important as the operations on land ahd  sea.   The settlement of the near /eastern question is taking up the time of the four great  powers fct this moment.  When it was reported last week that Sir  Edward Grey's eyes were hetfer, and that be  would be back in the house by the middle of  July, it was taken by us to mean that be had  succeeded in his mission with Roumania, and  that the question between, Roumania and Russia bad been adjusted.  When earlier in the game the Pardaneiles  were attacked and were in the way of. being  forced, and Russia announced that she would  demand Constantinople, and the complete. cpn-  trol jof the Dardanelles, we were of the opinion  that there was trouble ahead (or the statesmen,  __.audi=so-the matter-has transpired. Butit seems,.:  if the late reports are to be taken as fact,  that matters bave been arranged there. If this  be the case then we shall see the Dardanelles  forced soon and Roumania fighting with the  ��������� Allies. ' ' '     *���������.'."���������  Later it would surprise no follower of the  events which are transpiring to see Hungary  pass to the side of the Allies and join a Balkan  alliance. It is now her opportunity to escape  from the Teuton yoke and unless she does  so escape and unless further the allies bestir  themselves on her behalf she will become a vassal of the house of Hohenzollern. If the Germans should succeed, not in winning an offensive war, but in maintaining their place in  Europe, then they will dominate Austria, and  her associates in the Austrian Empire.  It may be remembered that the murdered  Crown Prince of Austria was believed to be  planning such an alliance for Hungary in the  Balkans, and that is probably why, probably at  the instance of. Germany, he was removed.  Hungary will, perhaps, carry out this problem.    Well for her- if she does.  But there are two sides to the struggle, and  the victory has not as yet finally decided itself  in  the favor of the   allies.  So much, however, is true, that we have not  as yet reached the stage when it is necessary  to feed our people on imaginary or exaggerated  victories. k  There is still need for the Empire to go to  it3 knees before the God of Battles, for there  it bitter conflict ahead, and perhaps in intensity  like nothing whieh has gone before. For both  sides are preparing to put such a hell of machinery of destruction in the field that it will set  a new record for destruction.  BELGIAN RELIEF  That the Canadian people deeply sympathize  with Belgium's war victims is seen from the  fact that up to the 18th May last they had  contributed $1,071,028.63 to the Belgium Relief  Fund. This total is all the more to be proud  of because the money was raised at a time when  appeals on behalf of other worthy objects were  being made. . - -^.a  MADE IN BRITAIN  i^ghtv^ia^ darlin',  Soon I'll be back agin'  Yer know as I-liwes yer Lizer  'Ow faithful I iliis 'ave bin\  I shall alus be kissin' yer picture  The one wiv^v^^nne fevver 'at,  An' when I comes  'ome we'll be married  Yer can bet yer last dollar on that.  n.  Why! Blimme where am I���������I'm dreamin'  Phew! what an 'orrible pain,  "Say, miss���������'ow the duce did I come 'ere?  I seems goin' balmy again.  Calls yer nuss^���������right, an' thanks fur yer kindness,  An' yer says I've bin pretty bad,  Will ye search in me coat for a pictur!  If yer will it "will make me glad.  in.  Well, I'm Mowed, if it ain't a missin'    .  PULP PRODUCTION  ON THE INCREASE  THE NEW GOSPEL  THE MAN WHO KEEPS HIS HEAD  Some economists have:,termed  this "the "paper age" from the  increasing use of paper in all-  walks of life. This; being;the case,  it ig gratifying to know, that  Canada is one of the great paper  countries, of the world, and is  destined to become still greater  in this respect. All interested in  materials   from  Say  "nuss"  what's become o' me leg  Every age has had its distinctive motive^ some irresistible  force has driven the people of  each century to seize upon an  idea, and change the world by  following it.  The eighteenth ' century was  marked by the idea of freedom  of thought and action���������liberty.  The nineteenth century was  marked by the vast accumulation  which itfs producer(7ulp"an^4evel������Pm^nlof th\natural   re  Yus, I 'members the Jack Johnson comin'  That knocked me clean off me peg  So they're sendin' me over ter morrer  Done fur an' maimed fur life.  Lor! what a guy fur my Lizer  An, God! she will ne'er be me wife.  IV.  Why! what di ye fink she said, parson,  When she found I 'ad lost me left peg  Me a cryin' jest like a "bybe".  Till she told me ter shut up the gag,  She said if both legs 'ad been collared  An' the 'air all blown from me 'ead,  I was  'ers, cause I'd done me duty,  An' that's why we've come to be wed.  ���������W  A. ELLIS.  ~7~  THE REAL CRISIS  IF THE REVEREND MR. COOKE, of Vancouver   wants   to   help   British   Columbia   just  now, it would be better for him to institute  a   campaign   of, boosting  instead  of  knocking.  There may have been mistakes in the past and  perhaps some actions that, the broad mantle of  charity could never cover up as ^mistakes, but  this is   the   time  that   the   king   and   country  needs every assistance available to fight a common  enemy.   Mr.  Cooke's  elequence  might be  better   employed  just  now   in  talking  of  the  great need of more men at the front and of  more munitions.   When this war is over, when  the British Empire  is victorious, when we in  Canada will know positively that we are Canadians and citizens of 'the British. Empire, instead of yassals of a Prussian Militarism, then  we will get' down  to domestic politics and if  there are investigations to be done, the public  will join with Mr. Cooke in  doing a good job.  Mr. Cooke is a strong ac^vocate of any cause  he espouses.   We would like to see him urging, greater unity of purpose in this time of  universal distress.   We would like to see a man  of his power as a speaker join with others in  the Old Land, just at a time when such help  is needed.   Who could do better than this gentleman in enthusing the people of the British  Isles   by   showing them  what  the  people  of  Canada are doing.   We have no objection to the  discussion of the "B. C. Crisis," but we would  prefer to   see  such   men devote   their   talents  to the  real  crisis  at  this time, a crisis  that  means everything, not. only to civilization, but  to Christianity as well.���������The Victorian.  There's a map who fights for England,  ' A -and he HI keep her still atop,  He  will guard  her from  dishonor in  , the.market and the shop,  He. will save her homes from terror  on the fields of Daily Brmi,  He's the man who sticks to business,  he's the man who keeps his head.  Let the foe who strikes at England,  hear her wheels of commerce turn,,  Let the ships that, war with England  pulpwood), look forward to the  issue of the annual bulletin on  "Pulpwood" by the Forestry  Branch of the Department of the  Interidr. This has now been  sent to the printer and a few of  the leading facts from it may be  given. In spite of the war the consumption of pulpwood in Canadian mills was over 10 per cent  greater in 1914 than in 1913.  Since 1910 the pulpwood consumed in Canadian mills has a lit  tie more than doubled. The consumption in 1910 was 598,487  cords and in 1914 1,224,376  cords. The commonest and cheapest kind of pulp, made by the  grinding process and known as  ground-wood pulp, increased by 9  per cent over 1913, but that made  by chemical processes increased by over 14 per cent. This  increasing use of chemical processes helps the country greatly  as the product is worth nearly  three times as much as the  ground wood pulp.  ^Quebec it still the leading province in pulp production, having  31 active mills but of. a total of  66 mills for all Canada. Quebec  produced 55 per cent, of all  Canadian pulp in 1914. Ontario  came second with nearly 37 per  cent of the total production and  the other producing provinces in  order were British Columbia, New  Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The  total value of pulpwood consumed in Canadian mills in 1914 was  $8,089,868, and of that exported to foreign countries in a raw  state $6,680,490, making a grand  total of $14,770,358 for the value  of the pulpwood produced last  year. It is interesting to know  that the proportion of pulpwood  manufactured into pulp in Canada is increasing over that ex  ported in the raw state. The bul  letin containing all the facts of  thisk industry will be issued in a  few weeks and,, those desiring a  cdpyTflfir requiring immediate in-  form^tiob on some particular  point may have 4he same furnishr  ed free by writing the Director  of Forestry, Department of the  Interior, Ottawa.  sources of the country.  The twentieth century is to be  marked by the greatest idea of  all���������summed up in the words  "Health  Instead  of Wealth."  The greatest fortune cannot  make up for poor health. Money  cannot buy health usually. Health  is the natural fortune of every  man, the God-given fortune that  he brings into the world with him.  It is hot difficult to keep���������far  less difficult than a fortune in  gold. Only a few simple laws  to follow���������and it becomes a bank  upon which there is never an  overdraft. Keep your health-fortune yourself; help others to keep  theirs.  Let every one learn the twentieth century battle-cry:  "Health instead of Wealth."  I  see her factory furnace burn;  ,j  SASKATCHEWAN NOTES  For the foe moat fears the cannon,'and  his heart most quails with dread,  When behind the man in khaki is the  man who keeps his head.  Brand, him   traitor  and   assassin who  with miser's coward mood  Has his gold locked up in secret and  his larders stored with food,  Who has cast adrift his workers, who  ��������� lies sweating in his bed,  And who snarls to hear the laughter  of the man who keeps his head.  Let the poor man teach the rich man,  for the poor man's constant strife  Is from day to day to seek work, day  to  day to war with life,  And the poor man's home hangs ever  by a frail and brittle thread,  And the,poor man's often hungry, but  the .poor man  keeps  his head.  When    the    ships    come    back    from  slaughter,   and   the   troops   march  home from war;  When   the   havoc   strewn   behind   us  threads the road that lies before,  Every hero shall be welcomed, every  orphan   shall   be   fed,  By the man who stuck to business, by  the man who kept his head.  ���������Harold Begbie, in London Chronicle.  The local government board of  the Saskatchewan government at  Regina recently addressed a circular to rural school districts  and rural telephone companies,  offering them the privilege of  placing their debentures in the  hands of. the.board for sale. In  doing this the board considered  it possible that by the system of  obtaining competitive bids the local authorities might secure a July Rod and Gun covers a  benefit in the way of better prices! considerable range in its out-  and on the other hand better fa- door stories for this month. Salt  AN EXPERIENCE  One of the strangers within our gates some  time ago had some strange experiences in our  places of worship.  He wears a turban. But he wishes to worship God with,the Sahibs. He entered a certain  Sunday Schooirhopihg for a welcome. An usher  bade him leave. / He thought he could not have  understood, so he remained. The Superintendent  then requested him to go. Still he could not  understand. Then the minister came, and taking him by the arm, fairly put him out of the  building.   Then he understood.  But he could not believe that this was usual,  therefore he tried again at another church.  Here he was gratified to find thai he was not  molested.   Negatively,   this   was   better.  But hoping for recognition he tried elsewhere. Getting a fine boouet of flowers he entered. He was late and the sermon was under  way. But he walked bravely up the isle and tendered his offering to the minister. The minister  had the grace and the gumption to accept the  offering as it was intended and the turbaned  worshipper was seated.  Now he finds great delight in the. Sunday  School, in the service, and in the friends he has  found  there.  We believe in a white province, ahd in industrial things white employ, but with the things  of God we have* always understood that there is  neither Jew (Asiatic) or Greek (European) but  that the same God is rich unto all who call upon  KINDLY CRITICISM  cilities for purchasing might be  obtained by the dealers. The method followed by the board is to  collect a number of issues and  offer them for sale by tender. The  board furnishes on application  information concerning the various local authorities, and on a  fixed date opens the tenders and  awards the issues. The debentures  are prepared by the board and  delivered on payment of the purchase price,-and the net proceeds  are remitted to the issuing authority, after deducting a small  fee equal. to actual expenses. It  is interesting to note that the  best price realized on small debentures bf this kind was secured for the first group offered for  sale by the board.  SEVEN -BY-LAWS DEFEATED  The seven by-laws presented  by tne city council to the ratepayers for approval on Monday  last,v.were all turned down hard.  The^bjy-laws were: ,  X For   Against  $150,000  Paving  By-law    609       2186  100,000   Grading  By-law  623  230,000 Waterworks ���������.'. 568  50,000 Goal By-law  ........344  150,000 Viaducts By-law 417  , ���������S?������WKL Jfridges;VPyJaw? JL052.  Transfer   By-law    ;.......869  Only, a very small percentage  of the voters., were interested  enough to go to the polls, and  the results of the vote show that  they were overwhelmingly oppos  ed to the by-laws.  2137  2165  2312  2235  1743  1829  The production of. gold in Australia has declined steadily since  1893, the output last year being  156,160 ounces less than the year  before.  Water fishing near Victoria; the  Hunt of L"Anglais, which purports to be the narrative of* a  French Canadian habitant; The  Home of Jasper the Yellowhead;  The Trail Makers of the Quetico;  The Greatest of Big Game Fishing, being an account of the  catching of ;a record tuna off Port  Medway, N.S.; and One Day's  Fishing in Timagami, are some  of the articles appearing in this  issue, and,in addition there is a  full account of the Dominion of"  Canada Trap Shooting Tournament, and otfier. Trap ^lotes, as  well as the special departments  devoted to guns and ammunition  and fishing matters. This Mado  in Canada sportsman's magazine  is of interest to, all Canadian  sportsmen as well as to those  Americans who come to Canada  for their fishing or camping experiences. W. J. Taylor, limited, publish this magazine at  Woodstock, Ont.  DEMAND FOE l*BO*  ���������BRISK IN V. 8.  'It is not always kindness to "speak kindly."  True kindness lies in frank criticism. It is an  old adage that when the rod is spared the child  is spoiled; and the truth in this applies quite as  well to grown-ups as to children. None of us is  free from faults that it would be kindness in  others to point out.  All there is in all literature that is of real  value to the moral codes of the Avorld consists  in showing us human  faults.  To speak kindly too many of us flatter' or  "jolly." imagining that to please for the moment is  to  render  permanent  service.-  A kind word, never does die; it's good effect  never does end: but this good done is often  more than neutralized by the harm of false approval  oi* wrong encouragement.  The man or woman whose judgment, in  praise or blame, is worth anything weighs it  carefully   and   speaks   it   conservatively.  War orders from Europe, the  prospective record-breaking crop  of wheat now being harvested,  and heavy yields of other grains  are creating a new demand for  labor, according to indications at  the government employment office  in the department of labor.  Requests for workers are coming from many manufacturers  and farmers throughout the  country, and from state labor  commissioners.  Oklahoma is said to need from  16,000 to 18,000 harvest hands  and Kansas 35,000. An Oregon  association has applied for 1000  berry pickers. An arms and ammunition mill in Connecticut asked for 300 men. Zinc and lead  mines in Missouri need 1000 laborers. A Maryland, steel company has applied for 100 hands.  In West Virginia 2000 coal mine  employees   are   wanted.  So far the department has been  more successful in the cities than  in the country hi placing men  who want work. Of the 3,495  for whom it secured places last  month 1,500 were sent to Chicago  alone, a railroad company having  applied for several thousand  track workers. It is stated that  about 25 per cent, of all applicants for jobs during May were  placed through the department's  effects.  Fit, Material and Workmanship Guaranteed  At Prices to Suit  You  $15.00  $17.00  $19.00  $22.00  SEE OUR WINDOWS  WILSON & RICHMOND  THE PEOPLE'S CLOTHIERS  Phone: Sey. 2742  37 Hastings St. W. [day, July 2, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  Wlr  ^.  Cut this out, A*ign it, and get your friends to sign it, and return it to the Call.  THE WESTERN CALL:  Please-enroll my name as a member of the Property Owners' League, and proceed with  organisation as speedily as pptudble.  Signature  Residence  Occupation  hoAL  "Our Coal Lasts Longer."  Our Coal is better value than any other on the  market.   More heat.   No clinkers.  WOOD  j      Millwood and Kindling, per load ...$2.50.  j      Choice 16-inch Fir, per load ...$3.00  feUILDERS' SUPPLIES  Kilgard Firebrick, Sewer Pipe, Partition Tile,  Etc.  CARTAGE  General   Cartage,   Baggage^ and   Furniture  Moved and Stored.  [McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour: (5408-5409  rESTMINSTER    AGAIN  [Westminster   and     Vancouver  fed again on Dominion Day,  again, this being their fifth  of the season against the '16-  The game was close at aft  the final score reading 9  For Vancouver,  Gibbons,  and  Brynjolfsen  were   the  men, and the team was the  | balanced of the season. While  Westminster team have the  end of the schedule to date,  have not by any means cap-  fed the honors as yet. The Van-  lyers are    playing a    strong  le and against any other team  iWXbe   world   beaters.   New  Istminster    still    have a few  |ks to uncork at the right mo-  it,  and seem  to be  able  to  le   the   edge   off   the    green  Ws  so  far. The  teams  meet  [in on Saturday afternoon, and  supporters of the green shirts  |������e for a win this time.  Westminster's Mann cup aspires took a strangle hold on the  ;ue on Dominion Day, when  ly walloped; Victoria amateurs  ] Queen's park to the tune of  goals tb three. Some game  Imust have been.Vancouver's  |ateurs will have to show sbme-  lg more than they have shown  [date to beat the Royal City  negation out for the honors.  The closing of the bars came  lo force in Saskatchewan on  [minion Day. For the duration  [the war all the bars go out  [business, and the wholesale li-  |>r houses close down for all  MARY PICKFORD IN  "THE GOOD .LITTLE DEVIL"  Dominion Day was quietly  spent by Vancouver citizens. A  large number took in the sports  at North Vancouver, and the lacrosse match at home. The real  crowd of the day, however, wenit  to the beaches. Stanley Park  and English Bay-parks were full  to capacity/There were thousands ef people all along the line  of picnic grounds, and the blessing of it is that Vancouver has  such an ideal spot for her people.  The many improvements to the  different beaches around the bay  have added very much to the attractiveness of the place. One  thing is lacking however, and  that was manifested yesterday,  the need of more fresh water  taps around the park. A line  of pipe ought to be stretched completely around tbe park, with  taps at every picnic spot. On  such an occasion as yesterday the  water would have been greatly  appreciated. As it was, many had  to walk a long distance to secure  the necessary supply.  Broadway  Program  Mary Pickford, the queen of  fllmdom, will appear at the  Broadway theatre on Wednesday  and. Thursday of next week in the  five reel feature, "The Good Little Devil." Little Mary has  captivated the hearts of thousands of moving picture lovers  in many lands, and will have a  few more friends after seeing her.  work in this picture..  Practically every successful  play which has appeared on the  stage has either been produced  ^n the films or is under contract  to be used as the basis of a film  play. One of these is "The Rose  of The Rancho," one of the first  successful western dramas to appear on the legitimate stage.  This was produced by David Bel-  asco, the wizard of. stage production and in the films by the famous players. AN number of the  members pf the original company were engaged for this picture, and, many of the scenes  were taken in the western States  where the story is laid. It is told  in five chapters. T^his is the first  time that this. picture has appeared at any of the suburban  theatres in the city. Oh the same  bill will be shown a crackerjack  joker comedy. "Where Ignorance  is Bliss."-,  Monday and Tuesday the "Si^unspirecl.  ren of Corsica" will be shown.  This  is  a  three-reel Broadway  star feature. :  THE INSPIRATION  Not /infrequently, loud pro-  testst come from this and that section of the community. Some  faction is not satisfied with the  way things are going and raise  a noise in consequence. From a  large proportion of the nation,  however, no protest is heard.  Every new experience or condition is accepted without complaint  by these men; They are those  who have gone to the front.  The hard duties of those who  have gone to the front overshadow every annoyance bf those who  remain at home. The men in uniform, . and in the blood-soaked  trenches accept their lot with  the magnificent spirit which has  been, from early days, the glory  of the British army.  So with the navy. This country has been the visiting place,  since this war began, of some  hundreds or thousands of British  sailors of. all ranks. They have  come and gone without raising a  ripple, so to speak. They have  made no protest, expressed no  annoyance. They are on war  service.  What it is well for the nation to remember is that the public is on-war service also. Every  protest, every complaint must be  tempered with the recollection of  the Spartan conduct of the men  who are making the greatest sacrifices. They are - human beings  just like, the men at home.: They  feel injustice and they enjoy pleasure. And it is not just that  they should bear without complaint a larger portion of the  burden of war conditions while  those who sit at home complain  at every opportunity.  If it is3* a matter of life and  death at the front, it is also a  matter of life and death at home,  this wai\ The spirit of the  people at home ought to be more  in harmony with the spirit of the  "great*silent half" of the nation.  Britons can show their metal at  home as well as at the front.  The public, if it is reading the  despatches tellingv of the heroic  conduct of the Soldiers in the face  of. cruel death, cannot fail to be  ROYAL  STANDARD  FLOUR  This good, dependable Flour, home made in B. C,  is tested in our own laboratory for its baking qualities.  We know before hand just what it can accomplish for  you. It is this test which enables us to say to all dealers: "You need have no hesitation in recommending  Royal Standard to your customers, because if they are  in any way dissatisfied with it you have our instructions  to refund them the full purchase price.  Ask Your Grocer  Vancouver Milling & Grain Co*  .Limited  Vancouver,    Victoria,    New Westminster,    Nanaimo  P. TV .PARIS  THE  SHOE  REPAIR MAN  has removed from  Cor. 7th and Main to  2440 Main Street. Near Broadway  Bring  your   Repair  Work  hen  and get a free pass to the Bro:������i-  way Theatre '    .     Xx  The new (Fourth avenue, subway line in Brooklyn, N. Y.,  the construction o fwhich cost  about $16,000,000, and occupied  nearly six years, was officially  opened on June 19th.  / ���������. ��������� '-XX"  Sir; Hirain Maxim, inventor of  the rapid fire gun which bears his  name, has: invented what is described as : a very simple and  cheap apparatus which he be  lieves' \yillv counteract the',. effects  of the asphyxiating and poisonous  gasesused by the Germans.  ���������' "X ���������   ��������� '   ' X      r  STRAYED���������A Lesson Book  from. Prof. Cowan's Studio, 250  Kingsway, June 21. No use but  to Owner. Liberal reward for re-  7  turn or any information.  "Book-keeping and Shorthand  made easy"  Taught  rapidly and  efficiently by  James Black, Certified Teacher of  Commercial 8nhjects  Phone:  Fair. 1630L. or write 89*  15th Ave. Watt  Terms   on   Application;      Private  instruction by arrangement  The Vancouver ball team is  showing signs of coming back to  form again after its recent  strike. The places of the strikersi havebeenAlJM>._������ud.the _team  is doing nicely now. The Pominion Day games resulted in an  even break, one loss and one win.  Seattle is here this week, and on  Saturday patrons of sport will  have the privilege of seeing a  double header at Athletic park  for one price. The ball teams  will'play,at 1.30, and after they  are finished the lacrosse teams  will stage the seventh act of the  lacrosse season.  OANWd S00JNTV MEEtS  Considering that Thiirschv ^'as  Canada'8 national holiday and the  weather just a trifle sultry,  there was a good attendance of  members at the monthly meeting of the Gaelic Society. A  good program was rendered and  the officers thoughtfully had ice  cream and cake handed round.  A. beautifully worked cushion,  presented by Miss Isdale, was  drawn for and a substantial sum  therefrom handed to the treasurer of the society's patriotic  workers to be expended in purchase of knitting wool and other  comforts for the boys at the  front. The society is handing  over.the_:hall forithe evening of  15th July to the United Scottish  Societies of British Columbia for  the purpose of holding a patriotic concert. The president of the  latter society, Mr. A. Macrae,  was present .and intimated that a  first class program was beins; erot  up for the 15th, and that the  fine leather suitcase, donated by  Messrs. Storey & Campbell would  be drawn for that evening, proceeds to go to Bed Cross funds  Pacific Great Eastern  Railway  Have- you visited the seaside resort at  WHYTEGLIFF?  BOATING  CAMP SITES  BATHING  PICNIC GROUNDS  Take North Vancouver Ferries and trains  each hour via PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN  RAILWAY. Trains everv thirty minutes on  HOLIDAYS and SUNDAYS.  Further information can be obtained.at  Pacific Great Eastern Traffic Department  404 Welton Bldg., Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 9547  MANY MOTOR 0AB8  WEEK COMMANDEERED  One of the features of the out-  break of war in Europe was the  wholesale seizure of motor vehicles ofr all sorts. Foreigners travelling in France and Germany  in their own cars suddenly disco veredL themselves out on tbe  road, completing the journey per  boot while the ear whirled off to  the nearest military depot. It was  not much better in England, except that some gentleman in uniform scribbled a receipt for the  jigger. The biggest motor traction proprietary in London was  the London General Omnibus'Co.,  Ltd., which started business at  the old stand one morning with  close on 4000 motor vehicles of  various VsbrtsX liXitsV ranks"~~. were  over 1000 reservists. Its cars were  stopped in the streets, the passengers emptied out, and the vehicles driven to the nearest military depot, where the work of  turning them into fighting machines started with a bang. The  drivers were signed on for foreign service with an allowance to  the wives and children of such  as were married.  Mr. Biittire Belloc estimates  the German and 'Austrian loseea \  at nearer 4,000,000 than 3,000,-  000 men. His calculation 1b based  on recent British returns showing that on an average five men  are wounded or captured for  every one killed. Be estimates  the enemy's casualties at six  wounded or captured for each  man killed, because the Austrians  have lost enormously more in  proportion in prisoners than the  British. His conclusion is that  the enemy's potential manhood  for actual fighting has probably  been diminished within the first  year by nearly one-half from all  causes.  PHONE SEYMOTJfc 9086  FIRE  is Everybody'*  Enemy  Arthur Geissler, a German director of the principal hotel of  Paris, now used as the Japanese ambulance,.has been arrested  on a charge of einbezzleihent.  Geissler was interned when the  war began and the hotel sequestered. When official trustees examined the books they found entries altered to conceal defalcations amounting to $140,000 to  the detriment of the stock company owning the hotel. Geissler probably hoped to see his  countrymen in Paris before his  thefts were discovered.  IS YOUR P������OJ>WTY  JNSUJW3P?  We Write Fire Insurance  IN   GOOP  BOABP  CO.M?ANmS  i  flow, Fraser Trust to.  122 Bastings Street West and  McKay Station, Burnaby  References: Dun's, Bradstreets or  any Financial House of Repute in  Vancouver.  11  ENGLISH BAT BATHING BEACH���������V EBY POPULAR THESE HOT DAYS THE WBSTEMf  CALL  Friday, July 2, 19J  A function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued editors  of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States-  The Western Call feels fortunate in being able to offer to the Vancouver ladies that  which is purchased at a high price by such dailies there.  These Cards have been especially written for the Call.  jiXixx"  I  t  Saturday, July 3rd.  There's a bit of sunshine gleaming       s  Over   there,  While I stand in shadow seeming  Full  of care,  But each flicker of the leaves  And the  glow of  golden sheaves       (  Helps me bear.  ���������Idah MeGlone Gibson.  Breakfast ��������� Bananas. Broiled Lamb's Liver.  Browned Hominy. Rye Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Meat Pie. Italian Spaghetti. Cress and  Radish Salad. Gooseberry Pie. Coffee.  Supper���������Corn Oysters. Beaten Biscuits. Maple  Syrup. Sour Cream Cookies. Tea.  ������  Broiled Lamb's Liver.  Cut the liver in thin slices, pour over them  one or two tablespoonfuls of olive oil, sprinkle  with lemon juice and let soak half an hour.  Drain, season with pepper and salt; dip in fine  dry bread crumbs and broil. Lay oh a hot  platter, spread with softened butter, and sprinkle  with lemon juice and chopped parsley.  ������������������.���������������������������  Sunday, July 4.  O, Land, the measure of our prayers,  Hope of the world in grief and wrong,  Be  thine  the  tribute  of  the years,  The gift  of Faith,  the crown of Song!     .  ���������Julia   Ward  Howe.  Breakfast���������Moulded Cereal with berries and  cream. Plain Omelet. Buttered Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Consomme. Olives. Braised Salmon.  Lattice Potatoes. Green Peas. Stuffed Tomato  Salad. Frozen Pudding. Coffee.  Lunch���������Cream Cheese, Currant Conserve.  Bread and Butter Sandwiches. Walnut Cake. Tea.  Braised Salmon  Procure three pounds of salmon cut from  the middle.' Put two tablespoonfuls of diced  fat salt pork in a casserole, add two sprigs of  parsley, half an onion and half a carrot cut in  thin slices, then add the fish, sprinkle with bits  of pork, pour in one cupful of boiling water,  to which one tablespoonful of vinegar has been  added, cover and bake until tender, basting  every ten minutes with the liquid in the pan.  When done, place the fish on a hot platter and  strain the liquid. Cook two and one-half tablespoonfuls pf flour in an equal quantity of butter,  dilute gradually with the strained liquid, season  with pepper ancl salt, cook and stir until thick,  add four tablespoonfuls of cream and serve with  the fish.  ���������#'������������������������������������   xX  Monday, July 5tb  Echoes of singing brooks o'er meadows cool,  Through    rustling   leaves   the   wind-harp's   playful  theme,.,:; ���������'���������."  Voices of summer nights by fen and pool���������  What-heard th<9 roaster in his wondrous dream f  ���������Sarah D. Eobart.  Breakfast���������Stewed     Prunes.     Cereal     with  Cream. Fried Eggs. Whole Wheat Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Julienne Soup. Broiled Steak. Baked  Potatoes. Buttered Onions. Gooseberry Tapioca.  Coffee-  Supper ��������� Salmon  and Peas  Salad. French  Bread. Raspberries. Cake. Tea.  _.,_._ ___^jOooseberry^Tapioca T���������  Soak one-half cupful of pearl tapioca over  night, add one pint of boiling water and one-  half teaspoonful of salt, and cook over boiling  water until transparent. Cut the blooms and  stems from a pint of green gooseberries, add one  cupful of sugar and a little water; cook until  soft, then add the tapioca and the strained juie,e  of one lemon, mix lightly together and chill.  Serve with or Without cream as preferred.  Tuesday, July 6.  Into   thy  dutiful  life  of  uses,  Pour the music and weave the flowers;  With the song of birds and bloom of meadows  Lighten  and  gladden  thy  heart and  ours.  ���������John Greenleaf Whittier.  Breakfast���������Slice Bananas. Crisped Bacon.  Spider Corn Cake. Coffee.  Dinner���������Fried Chicken. Creamed Potatoes.  Summer Squash. Lettuce and Pineapple Salad.  Coffee Jelly with Custard Sauce.. Coffee.  Supper���������Puff Omelet. Cherry Conserve.' Buttered Toast. Oatmeal Macaroons. Tea.  Cherry Conserve  Stone three and one-half pounds of large red  cherries and cook for fifteen minutes in their  own juice. Heat two and one-half pounds of  sugar in the oven and add to the cherries, then  add one-quarter of a pound of stoned raisins and  the juice and pulp of three oranges. Cook until  of the consistency of marmalade, pour into jelly  glasses and seal.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Wednesday, July 7.  Ah,  youth,  dear child,  is the budded  rose,  The  lark's  clear  carol  at  early  morn,  The breeze that over the  garden blows,  The heart that wakens when love is born.  ���������Charlotte Becker.  Breakfast���������Cherries. Broiled Ham., Sally  Lunns. Coffee.  Dinner���������Chicken Soup. Roast Beef: Yorkshire  Pudding. Browned Potatoes. Scalloped Tomatoes.  Gooseberry Meringue. Coffee.  Supper-r^Clam Fritters. Sliced Cucumbers.  Yeast Rolls. Pound Cake. Tea.  r  Gooseberry Meringue.  Cut off the blossoms and stems from a quart  of gooseberries, then stew in one cupful of water until tender. Press through a colander to remove the skins, place oyer boiling water, stir  in two teaspoonfuls of. butter, and one and one-  half cupfuls of sugar and the beaten yolks of 3  eggs and cook and stir until the eggs are set.  Turn into a dish, cover with the whites of the  eggs beaten until stiff and sweetened with three  tablespoonfuls of sugar and brown delicately  in the oven.  Thursday, July 8.  In an  old-fashioned  garden once there grew  A brilliant rose of a crimson hue;  Watered by love and nurtured with care,  'Twas queen of the little garden fair.  ���������-Grant Hollister.7  Breakfast���������Berries. Poached Eggs. Lyonnaise  Potatoes. Toasted Rolls. Coffee. V  Dinner���������Tapioca Soup. Roast Beef Ragout.  Steamed Rice. String Beans. Suet Pudding. Liquid- Sauce. Coffee.  Supper���������Baked Macaroni with Cheese. Lettuce Sandwiches. Almond Loaf Cake. Tea.  e^ffWW4f|^   ���������- *^9*t**it94Tp       9*rVw*^9i*tw*y  Cream one-half cupful of butter with one  cupful of sugar, and one-half teaspoonful of  almond extract, one-half cupful of milk and one  and onehalf cupfuls of flour mixed and sifted  with two teaspoonfuls of baking powder,: then  fold in the stiffly beaten whites of three eggs  and turn into a buttered and floured oblong  cake pan. Shell a pound df almonds, blanch and  cut the meats in halves, place them on the cake  batter and bake in a moderate oyen.  Friday, July 9.  '���������Light winds that waft the fragrant words  ^.^jOf^pink /wild. roses. on..the:,moor?!--. ._���������: ..^^ .������,^^ ,^-  TJpon these viewless tides the birds  Spread wide their wings and sail secure."  Breakfast ��������� Fried Bananas. Crisped Bacon.  Rice Cakes. Dry Toast. Coffee.  Dinner���������Beef Soup; Broiled Bluefish. Potato  Balls with Parsley. Beets in Vinegar Sauce,  Raspberry Sherbet. Coffee.  Supper���������Lobster Salad. Potato Chips. Bread  and Butter. Cake. Tea.  Raspberry Sherbet.  Soften one tablespoonful of gelatine in one-  half cupful of cold water; add one and one-half  cupfuls of boiling water and one cupful of sugar,  stir until dissolved, chill, add one pint of raspberry juice and the strained juice of two lemons  and freeze.   ���������  THE MIGHTY POWER OF  AUSTRIA-HUNGARY  ULSTER AND THE WAR  Ulster-Canadian's   Experiences  Wounded  at  Pyres  Private Samuel Archer, of the  Winnipeg Riffes, who was through  the recent battle at Ypres, and  received a  bullet wound in  the  right arm and a shrapnel wound  in the right thigh, is now lying  in her Royal Highness the Duchess of Connaught's Hospital,Tap-  low, Bucks.   Writing to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Henry archer,  o������    Prince's    Street,    Dromore,  County Down, he says:���������"I got  wounded   on" Sunday,   the   25th  April,   about   one   o'clock,   after  four days' hard fighting.   It was  an awful battle, and one I shall  never    forget.   I    suppose    you  heard about the Germans trying  to  poison  us.   Well,  it  did kill  some of us.   When I saw it coming I stuffed a pocket handkerchief in my mouth, and held my  nose, breathing at long intervals  until it went away.   A drink of  water afterwards made us all  right. The next thing we had to  contend with was the Germans  coming right for us en masse.  All that were able got to their  guns, and after a good fierce battle we beat them back. But such  a sacrifice of human life! One  thing���������we held our ground against fearful odds. No one ever  thought of retiring, and we were  pretty well thinned out by shell  fire. Before the battle the French  retired on our left, which made  it worse for us. We were almost  surrounded and but for our  Canadian boys in reserve beating  them back they would have been  at us on rear and front. It was  either death or victory with us���������  that was the spirit of every man  I seemed to- get stronger every  day of the battle, and I had no  sleep for five days and nights,  and very little food. After I  got wounded I crawled half a  mile to get my wounds dressed.  The shells were bursting all  around  me,  and  bullets   coming  in all directions over my head,  while the dead were lying everywhere. After I had my wounds  dressed I lay down for an hour  or two in peace, but got little  or none, as the Germans started  shelling the dressing station���������a  little house it was���������but luckily  they missed it. Finally, I got to  headquarters safe and lay down  on the cold damp floor along with  the other boys. We had to stay  there till the next morning. The  shells came pretty close to knocking the dressing station down.  The building fifty yards away  was shattered to pieces. That  was what we had to lie and listen  to all night long, but thank God  for bringing us safely through it  all.'' The remainder of the letter  contains an account of Private  Archer's journey and eventual  arrival at the hospital. On the  steamer for England Private  Archer met another young soldier  named Crane, (also wounded)  whom he had last seen in Dromore. ���������  Nothing is more surprising than  the very generally held opinion  that Germany is. almost single-  handed, carrying on this great  war against three of the most  powerful of European nations.  Austria, if mentioned at all, is  dismissed with a shrug, or with  the expressed opinion that she is  about "all in," that she is about  to fall to pieces, that revolution  will surely and shortly come within her borders, at the hands of  some one or more of the many  peoples embraced within her  boundaries.  While Germany is undoubtedly  the strongest country in the world  for powers of aggression, it is  equally true that despised Austria  ranks well up, and is a powerful  contributor to German success  thus far.  Her resources in men are enormous. Within a compact and fertile territory she numbers some  fifty-one million citizens, as  against about sixty-eight and  three-quarter millions in Germany, a very considerable but not  overwhelming difference.  Now the present population of  the British Isles is about forty-  six and three-quarter millions,  and of France about forty mil-  ions. Austria has thus a superiority over France of some millions, and over Great Britain and  Ireland of some four and a  quarter millions, and in a war-)  where the wastage in men is so  enormous/ heads count.  The Allies, quite naturally,  underestimated the strength of  the dual monarchy because of  the divers and not very inter-  friendly races composing it. In  Austria proper there were^ in  1910, and speaking in round  [numbers, of German race, ten  milions, Bohemian, etc., six and  a half millions, Polish five  millions, Ruthenian three and a  half millions, Slovene a million  and a quarter, Servian and  Croation three quarters of a million, Italian three-quarters of a  million,^ Roumanian a' quarter of  a million, and of Magyars, the  leading race of Hungary, only  about eleven thousand.  In Hungary, taking the same  year, the figures are scarcely  less astounding. Magyars ten  millions, German two millions,  Slovak two millions, Roumanian  two millions eight hundred thousand, Ruthenian four hundred  thousand, Croatian a million seven  hundred thousand, and Servian a  million, to say nothing of about  half a million more of other races.  No wonder Lloyd George, with  his praise-making ability, described tbis as "that ramshackle Empire, for so it certainly looks on  paper. At the outbreak of the  war we heard of mutiny in  regiments of some of these peoples, but the stern measures at once  adopted seem to have had the  desired effect, and all, at the present time, are fighting bravely  in defence of their common country.  We may be sure that Austria  will follow the example of ancient  Rome, and pit her soldiers not  against kindred peoples but even-j  against ancient enemies. Thus  we may feel sure that regiments  of Italians will not be launched  against Italy, and further, that  they will not be "bunched."  They will be well distributed  amongst German and Magyar  troops, and sent to fight Russians  or Servians.  On the other hand , Polish  enwhthatfelremarkablis4t-etaointa  regiments, similarly well distributed, will no doubt be pitted  against Italy, and hot used to  over-run and destroy Russian  Poland.  By good judgment of this  kind, and by very stern discipline, Austria can make use of all  her soldiers against one or other  of her enemies, and so very  largely eliminate the dangers of  mutiny and revolt.  In estimating Austrian strength  we must not lose sight of the fact  that military service is complus-  ory and universal. While her  peace establishment is somewhat  under the half-million mark, there  are vast numbers of trained soldiers in the various reserves, and  these were quickly mobilized at  the outbreak of hostilities.  In the case of Britain it \yas  not a question of what,her army  could do at the start, but what  it might accomplish later on,  while with Austria, an immense  power only awaited the word.  We do not write this in fearful  or pessimistic vein, but rather in  the hope of opening the eyes of.  many to the fact that Germany  is not alone responsible for present eonditions i nthe field. There  would be a feeling of chagrin in  the thought that Germany could  almost single-handed hold back  Britain, France and Russia,-���������  there is a .corresponding feeling  of self-respect in the thought that  Britain, all unprepared, with  France and Russia, is holding  back Germany and Austria, both  fully equipped and ready j to say  nothing of Turkey, itself more  of a factor than so far acknowledged.  We have every reason to feel  proud and satisfied with events  to date, and for cherishing the  hope that our own strength will  increase as that of the enemy  declines.  GOLD PENS  The bit of white metal seen on  the under side of. the point of a  gold pen is sometimes platinum,  but oftener iridium. Iridium is a  very hard metal and costs about  four times as much as g*  Manufacturers of gold  tain their gold from assay  in bars of pure 24-katrat'  which they melt and alloj  silver   and eopper.  The gold from which the  are to be made is rolled  rolled until what was origl  a thick, heavy bar of jgolj!  been rolled into a thih    ""  bon about three feet in len������  four inches in width.- This|  ribbon is put into a machin]  stamps out of it flat pen  On   the   top   of   each  of  shapes is fused the iridium  the shapes then proceeding^  machine, which cuts the s|  the pen. From this the peij  through    another    which  them    their    rounded,    fail  form.  Finally,  the  are  grf  polished and finished.  IMPORTANT  N10HT RATES ON  Long Distance Calls  Over lines entirely within British  Columbia from 7 p.m. to 8 a.m.  Three times the day period is allowed for the regular day rate.  ' * Long   Distance''   will   make   appointments at any time for conversations  at  Night Rates.  B, C. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  WJ PRINT   CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press   Limited ���������   PHONE FAIR. U40       203 KINGSWAY  i-T^^yrJ-A~JJTT'*'; X*TX*-'^X^X^^T^~.\'^t '~v������r' -~    ~ ���������*?*���������������  iij M^tg:.'������"X ��������� ���������'���������% l - $; &SiW.������%v&&.\; V' < .- x\ A ���������-- xx  *<v  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  1  Phone Fairmont 845  v  Corner Broadway and Main  A. F. McTavish,  Prop. , SHJ-.  {Friday, July 2; 1915;  TUB WESTERN  CALL  t  =vv  SPORTING COMMENT  Matt   Barr   and   "Wells   Grey  _ve had enough. They have quit,  uite right. They can not handle  e fight nowadays, ahd the matters will have to hustle some  else   into   the   breach.   The  of respectable men will soon  e used up unless the teams are  ade to play lacrosse.  '���������������������������   ���������   ���������  Con Jones tried Fitzgerald out  lit third defence. It was a mis-  ||ake. Fitz is still a good player,  hot so good as in 1911.. On the  fiefence he is not worth his salt.  Ipive him more room and put him  I ind McLaren together. They  [might be able to do something.  JjOn Saturday neither of them had  [anything: They were checked up  llso closely all the time that they  [seldom got away for a run.  Painter took Griffiths place at  [jpoint. He played a good game  [iuntil the third quarter, when his  [(deliberate assault on Geo. Rennie  iput him in the class of the rough-  lihouse players. An attack of that  sort is sufficient to put most men  I behind the bars, and a little of  Ijthat medicine would do Painter  [land other members of. both teams  ija great deal of good. There is  lino excuse for the dirty work  jwhich has characterized the game  so far this year.' There is no en-  j'couragement for lacrosse among  Ithe school boys for the present,  land the promoters and players of  |the professional game are killing  [the sport as fast as they can.  [Some of these days the new order  [of things which is sweeping the  [world will reach Vancouver and  lit will also reach the camp of  [the lacrosse players. After that  [the familiar faces who now pro-  Jvide the dirty work at Athletic  (park will have gone never to  .return.  . ���������    , ���������   ���������> ���������   '���������' .���������  Coquitlam has the distinction  [of being the only B. C. town  [which will recognize professional  [boxing.iu other words prize fight-  ting. On Monday night Rough-  Ihouse Burns and Johnny O'Leary  of Seattle, went twenty rounds,  land the former was deprived of  his title as lightweight champion  of "Canada.  0 'Leaiy  put  it all  over Burns all throughout    the  scrap.   Burns  has  one  thing  to  commend him, one only, and that  is his ability ta take punishment.  He got plenty of it on Monday  night  and  came back for more  all the time.   Now he has lost  his title, and will probably pass  out as an aspirant for honors in  his class.   The winner will have  the   distinction   of  wearing   the  crown,  and  will  probably  rake  in a   !'ew hrndred dollars as  a  result.  ���������   ���������   ���������  The fifth game of the professional lacrosse series was played  in Vancouver on Saturday last,  and the green shirts were again  the losers. As in previous games,  the rough work was in evidence.  The penalty list looks like a  morning session of the police  court after circus day. The game  was good in spots, the players  were evidently out for blood, and  there was much of it spilt. Scraps  there were galore, lacrosse there  was comparatively little of. A  great many of the spectators  were pleased, that sort of thing  was a source of pleasure to them.  The better class of them were disgusted. And in the face of it all  the morning paper came out on  Sunday and had the nerve to  say that Wm. Fbran, Stanley Cup  trustee, of Ottawa, who had the  honor? to face the ball, had enjoyed the game. Wm. Foran is  too courteous, to be rude, but  if he so expressed himself over  the game on Saturday then there  is something sadly wrong. We  are inclined to believe that he  said nothing of the sort.  The game started off very well  but it was not long before the  feeling crept up again, and in  the second quarter Johnson and  Bill Turnbull got their walking  tickets for the balance of the  game. Marshall and Roberts followed shortly after. Wholesale  benching became the order of  the day, and shortly after there  was a free for all in centre field.  Bun Clarke and Hugh Gifford,  who had been on the side lines,  took a hand in it and Gifford  was sent off for the balance of  the game. Geo. Rennie came, in  for a knockout in the third  quarter. The Westminster team  was playing short handed and  the Vancouvers were pressing  their goal. Rennie got the ball  and made a dash for the green  shirt net. Painter and Bob Murray, the latter substituting in the  net, were in the way. Painter deliberately went out to meet him  and quite as deliberately cut the  red shirt captain down and put  him hors de combat. Painter got  his walking ticket for the game.  The last quarter was much like  the others. Still plenty of dirty  work went on, there was plenty  of blood spilt, but there was little lacrosse. Westminster won  by eight goals to six.  *   ���������   ���������  The baseball benefit held on  Tuesday evening at athletic park  was a great success, and all the  events proved to be high class.  Many prizes were won and there  was a general good time, the result of which will mean much added finance to the ball club.  Bob Brown as filled up the  gaps in his teain, rendered by  the strike of a--few days ago,  {.���������nd is now in simp.*, for a hard  season. He is playing third base  himself, and the pickups he has  been able to gather are rallying  round him in great style. The  Beavers are home for a few  days entertaining the Giants, and  they are putting up a good article of ball. At present they are  strong in the first division and  even now the chances look good  for them finishing up well in the  lead. Spokane ind Tacoma. have  a good margin'on the Beavers,  but the season is only about half  gone, and in the next few weeks  there is likely to be some changes  in the positions of the teams.  THE ELEVENTH MONTH  Mount Pleasant Shoe Repair Stop  WBST SB08 JHSPAmWO OH TH* "WW."  Three Months' Guarantee on Work Pone on Ladies' or Men's  Shoes.  Work Pone While You Wait.  Rubber Heels Put on in Ten Minutes.  2429 Main Street, Nest to Lee Building  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancou vert B. C.  Ten months after Great Britain  declared war against Germany,  the British public is just beginning to realize, what thoughtful observers have known for  some time, that if the war is to  be,won by the Allies it is mainly  England's business; not only oh  the sea, but on land. Lloyd  George's urgent appeal to the  nation is more panicky than the  situation warrants, probably more  disturbed than that statesman  is at heart. But the fervent  Lloyd George rhetoric, couplect  with the fact of Russian collapse  in Galicia must make it plain to  the English nation how serious  is the problem that confronts  it.The moral effect of the recapture of Przemysl is unmistake-  able when an English newspaper  ^-exen if it is the 'Daily Mail'���������  can write that the contest if now  stopped would be in favor of the  Austro-German alliance. This  may or may not be true. What is  certainly not true is the Mail's  statement that 'this war is not a  Bjritish__iwarv.primarily,i._and.^iojir  gallant ally across the Channel  must always figure as the senior  partner in the enterprise. It is  England whom Germany regards  as her archenemy from the beginning, and it is England whom  the facts of the war have now  made the leader in the fight.  She has hitherto borne the brunt  of the financial problems of the  Allies, and she has won the war  for the allies on the sea. She will  now have to take over the heav-  J iest part of the work, or surely  WHOLESALE   SECTION,   WATEE   SJEEET  as heavy a part as France, on  land. For, as the situation is today among the allies, the Russians have spent themselves for  some time to come, the French  have given pretty nearly to the  limit of their powers^ and from  England must come primarily the  millions of troops to win the contest, if it is to be won at all.  Once this fact is recognized,  it is possible to estimate the full  meaning of the Austro-German  victory in Galicia. Important  as its direct military results may  prove to be to the Teuton cause,  the indirect results are by no  means so serious for the cause  of the allies as they appear to be.  For, primarily, the indirect effect  must be to spur England to  greater exertions, and, above all,  to count upon herself. For so  many Russian army corps put  out of action, there must be put  into the field so many English  army corps of a better fighting  quality than the Russians; and  England has the men. If Russian resources in arms and ammunition _have been depleted, English resources must take up the  strain; and England's resources,  though slow in mobilization, can  match in the last instance with  Germany's own. To-day the immediate military situation on land  is more discouraging for the  Allies than any time since the  battle of the Marne. And yet  before the Germans were driven  back by. Joffre when is seemed as  if Paris might fall to the Kaiser  and the French armies be re  duced to impotence. England  must have comtemplated the  necessity of carrying on the fight  on,her own account. Since the  Marne there have ,been moments  when the French and the Russians  did so well as to make England's  task seem a comparatively simple  one. To-day there is a return  to the situation before the Marne;  not that the French have been  reduced to helplessness, or that  even the Russians must be counted- out of it, but because the display of German energy has been  such as to call for every ounce  of effort that each one of the  Allies can put forth.  The English have been learning, : slowly, after the traditional  fashion* but learning nevertheless.  Long ago they had learned not  to underestimate the German resources. To-day England knows  that there is such a thing as  German' resourcefulness, German  wits, as one English writer puts  it. It is pathetic now to recall  the opinions of military observers  for years before the out-break of  the war concerning the capacities  of the German machine. German  discipline, German thoroughness  arid preparation were admitted,  but always the point was stressed  that the Kaiser s army was stale,  complicated, lacking in flexibility. If in case of war things  went well according to plan from  the beginning, the Kaiser might  win. If a hitch occurred, the  machine would break down, for  the simple reason that a machine  cannot think. That the German  military leaders ^an-think has  been shown before this, and the  victory in Galicia is a complete  demonstration. For what Germany is doing to-day is precisely  the opposite to what she set out  to do at the beginning of the war.  Then the aim was to settle France  swiftly and deal with Russia at  leisure. To-day the purpose is  to settle Russia swiftly and deal  with the Western Allies at leisure. Germany began by attacking in the west and standing on  the defensive in the east. She is  now hitting out in the east and  "standing pat" in the west.  Virtually, Germany has swapped  horses while crossing the stream,  a feat that argues brains as well  as will and preparation.  The results in Galicia are impressive, but the effort that has  gone into the blow must have  been tremendous. New armies  had to be created���������for it is  German arras, and not Austrian,  that have won. A heavy price  in lives has been paid for victory.  Say that the Russian offensive  has been broken for months to  come and that the German armies can now be thrown against  the Allies in the west, the problem in-the west is more formidable than ever for Germany. It  has to face France still resolute,  England with everincreasing forces, and Italy. Mr. Bidder may  speak exultantly of Germany's  proceding to lop off Italy now that  she has lopped off Russia from  the Allied battle front. If it has  taken ten months to dispose of  Russia temporarily, how long will  it take to put Italy out of- the  fight? How long can the effort  be kept up ? And by the time  Italy, for argument's sake .is disposed of, what of the English  millions in Flanders and Belgium.  In Italy, as a matter of fact,  HEATING Bcoam^TUT*"*  Our Business his beei built up frv merit ������|mc  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer St. Sty. 661  J. Dixon G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 886 House Phone: Baj. 1187L  Office Phone: '  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON A MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rianufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters   ...  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomlning  Shop! 1066 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B.C.  "SO GOOD" IS  4X BREAD  It's so good that thousands of good housewives  daily shift the burden of baking Bread on our shoulders.    I|ome made on a big scale. That's 4X.  Phone Fair. 44 for Shelly's 4X  we find a fair index to what the  actual outlook is in Europe today. Let it be realized that Italy  entered the war on May 20, when  the  full  effects of the German  victory in Galicia were perceptible;   that   she  left  the   Triple  Alliance  on May 4, some days  after   Germany   announced   the  shattering of the Russian line in  Galicia.' Italy may have received  her price from the Allies, hut  what price could have induced  her   to   go   in   on   the   losing  side?      So    to-day    Rqumania,  is    bargaining    with    Russia;  but     if    the    cause    of    the  Allies were on the decline, would  there be any bargaining '-'.at all?  The course pursued by Italy and  the run of sentiment 4n the Balkans indicate that/these nations,  closer observers of events than  we can possibly be, have pretty  well made up their minds which  way  the  ultimate  decision  will  incline. A'  ... ���������.  ... ,/,������������������.    ...... ;..  We really will not go,  Because, you see, we're needed here  To sell the calico.  X >������������������'���������������������������  We have fathers, we have toothers,  We have sisters by the score;  We have great big healthy brothers,  And of sweethearts we've galore,  We could not think of leaving than,  Because  their  hearts  would fefMft*  If we joined the British amy >.X ,  And fought for honour's salts.'  The factory weavers, they eta $9,   -  And fight .and die lilte WsajX,  And   when  the  war  is  Wff������^ . J.,.,...,.������������������  Should some come home ^in,vX  We will look on them as heroes,:;X  Tea, heroes, one snd aQ,  Who fought for dear old England,  And made the Germans fall.  fe-Xvxx.  s**-.  ' X*X*������^aX|  THE  'LOTA*' COUNTEB-BOPPBB3  A   correspondent   forwards   us   the  following for publication:  Come, all you counter-hoppers bold,  .-_-And-listen-toV!niy.-,.song;._i-_i.--^=L==i.^_-_^  There is only seven' verses,  So I won't detain you long,  Its about this cruel war  That I  intend to write,  For the people all are saying  That  we are  afraid to fight.  Chorus  Oh,  we're the counter-hoppers  bold,  We love our country well;  We'd like to see the Kaiser  And his army, both in h   But after all is said, my lads,  You see, our hands are, nice and soft,  Our backs are straight and strong;  Our work it isn't heavy,  And our hours, they aren't long.  Our boots are nice and shiny,  And our collars white as snow,  So it isn't fair to ask  Us gentlemen to go.  But, mind you, w������ are loyal  Yes, loyal to tbe core;  We are true-born British subjects /  As our fathers were of yore.   .  But. we _rea]ly���������could._ not, soil our .hands __  By. digging horrid trenches,  To smash the foe in our Allies' lands,  Which    with    innocent    blood    he  drenches.  .So here's to good old England,  May she win this war right through  As  she  did   a   hundred   years  ago  On the plains of .Waterloo.  But  for  us counter-hoppers,  And the farmers' great big sons,  We would rather meet the devil  Than face the German guns.  Now is the  Time  to Buy  GARDEN  HOSE  "We have a special Sale of Hose on now.  Regular $5.50 for  -  $4.75  Regular $5.00 (or   -   $4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.     Phone us your order.   "We make prompt delivery.  W. R. Owen & Mor rison  The JVlt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street L������lSjsfe(rSioiJv������:!.i.U-;  c- *... ���������l  ��������� (���������:";  THE WESTERN  CALL  =?.  LOCAHTEMS OF INTEHEST  The annual picnic of the New  Brunswick Association of B. C.  was held at Second Beach on  Dominion Day. There was a  tremendous turnout and those in  charge had a busy day meeting  the needs of the picnickers.  Word has been received from  Rev. A. E. Mitchell, of Prince  Albert, Sask., to the effect that  he will arrive in Vancouver in  the course of three weeks or so  to assume his new duties as pas  tor of Mount Pleasant Presbyterian church.  St. Paul's Presbyterian Sunday  School picnicked at Second  Beach on Dominion Day. Under  the pastorate of Rev. Mr. Bates,  this congregation and Sunday  school is growing into a large  institution, and the turnout to  the picnic was ample evidence  of the good work being done in  the above parish.  ���������   ���������   ���������  The annual Sunday School picnic of the Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian school was held on Saturday last to Mahon Park, North  Vancouver. The scholars and  friends went over at noon and  spent the afternoon and evening  in right royal style in the new  park on the north shore. Promptly at two p 'clock the long list pf  events was commenced, and from  v then on till almost dark the large  field and woods resounded with  the merry laughter of old and  young. The crowd, which numbered nearly five hundred, got  home on the 8^0 boat, all tired  but all ''happ^^;a.Qid^;^^hted  with the treatm^ "th^ received at the hands of the North  Shore civic officials, who have  prepared and completed such a  beautiful picnic grounds.  It has been definitely announced that Dr. McKay, of Westminster Hall, will not go to Winnipeg to assume the principalship  of Manitoba College, as has been  reported frequently. For the present Dr. McKay will remain in  Vancouver, where he is much esteemed by all.  The body of Mr. T. Johnson,  of Johnson and Crisford, was recovered on Sunday from the waters of the second canyon of the  Capilano river. Deceased lost his  footing on the flume on the 23rd  of May when trying to rescue a  dog which had fallen from the  flume' into the water below. He  was a member of. the firm of  Johnson and Crisford,.of Dufferin  Street.  ���������   %  ���������  Mr. G. R. Conway, chief engineer of, the B. C. Electric, has resigned from that position and is  going to Toronto, where he intends entering business for himself. Prior to leaving for the  eastern city Mr. Conway was presented with a solid silver rose  bowl on an oak base by the staff,  the presentation being made by  General Manager Geo. Kidd.  Patriotic services were held in  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church  on Sunday. In the morning Rev.  Dr. McKay, of Westminster Hall,  delivered one of $he most inspiring addresses ever heard in the  above church on patriotism, and  stirred his large congregation to  a new realization of the word,  and to new ideals. Special music* was rendered by the choir. In  the afternoon Dr. Pidgeon addressed a large rally of the Sunday School, and in the evening  Rev. Dr."McLaren had charge of  the service.  Go to your shoe dealer  add ask  to see a pair         p__,_������l,^J^_3KrfiXSlSP_k  Try them. on. Note the comfort���������tbe construction���������the  leather���������the sewing. Your dealer knows all about Bhoes���������  ask him what he knows about the SUBSTANTIALITY of  LECKIE SHOES. Then wear a pair���������you'll find them the  best shoe investment you ever made.  Made for Men and Boys who require better shoes.  The Silver Cross Circle of The  King's Daughters will meet every  Monday afternoon during July  and August at Suite 320 Lee  Building, ..for sewing.  #    ���������' #  The Mt. Pleasant Baptist Sunday school held its annual picnic to Bowen Island on Tuesday.  A large turnout was recorded and  a very enjoyable time was spent  at this popular resort.  The B. C. Telephone Co. state  that  twelve  miles of new  lines  will be laid by them in the Pra  ser   valley,   connecting   up   Go  verdale,    White    Rock,    Ocean  Beach, Crescent and Elgin.  A meeting of the Dundas Meth  odist Tennis, Club was held on  Tuesday evening when the following officers were elected for  the season: President, Ira T. P.  Snelgrove; secretary, Miss Stella  Abbott; committee, Misses Nellie  Miller and F. Abbott, and Messrs.  W. J. Stevenson and F. Cowall.  From the number of members  present and the enthusiasm displayed the Club looks forward to  a very successful season. A number of tournaments and a few  social    events    will    likely    be  planned.  .���������������������������������������������  Mr. James H. Sherrard, president of the Canadian Manufacturers ' Association, arrived in the  city this week. He has, with  other representatives of. the Manufacturers' Association been making a trip through the west for  the purpose of conferring with  manufacturers and boards of  trade   over   trade   matters.  The Georgia-Harris viaduct  connecting the east and west ends  of the city was. formally opened  yesterday morning in the presence of a large number of autp-  mobilists-and others. The mayor  formally declared the bridge open  and addresses were given by ex-  Ald. McBride and Aid. Woodsjde,  chairman of the bridges and railways committee. A bronze tablet was also unveiled on which  was inscribed the names of tlae  members of the committees dpr-  ing the erection of the bridge.  "���������   ���������   ��������� k -)o.k  A FRE8WTATWN  /JA  BROWNE & BEATON  Chemists  & Druggists  Main and Pender Sts.  Phone: Sey. 293  TWO      Davie & Granville Sts.  STORES        Phone: Say. .9630  A three-months' subscription to the Western Call will be  given FREE to all customers presenting this ad. and making  a purchase of 50 cents or more. This offer is good at either of our two stores.  On Wednesday afternoon last,  a very    handsome    presentation  was made to Miss Stella Abbott  by the executive department of  the B. C. Electric Railway Company.   In   the   presence   of  the  staff, Mr. F. R. Glover, assistant  manager, in a few well chosen  words, complimented Miss    Abbott very highly on the excel-  cent   service  she   had   rendered  the company, the esteem in which  she was held by the entire stftff,  and wished her every success, in  the  future.  Miss Abbott was the recipient  of a very handsome club bag  ,w__;h-_Jnij_ialed^Joilet^airticles,X8.  leather writing folder, and a  neatly inscribed address signed  by the individual members of the  staff. Miss Abbott expects'shortly to make an extended visit  with friends in the east.  PROHIBITION     LECTURE  Rev. Dr. Matthews, of Seattle,  gave a lecture on "Prohibition"  in St. Andrew's Presbyterian  church on Wednesday evening.  Dr. Matthews made the statement that all countries have now  decided that no man has an inalienable right to manufacture  and sell intoxicating beverages.  The United States and Canada,  by making it possible for pro^  vinces to regulate the traffic had  thereby said it was not a legal,  but a penalized business. The provinces had power that they had  over no ordinary mercantile concern.  He deprecated in his own country the government partnership  which had been formed during  the exigencies of war, and pointed out that more than 55 per cent.  of the population of the United  States, and more than 70 per  cent, of its area had already some  form of prohibitory liquor law.  He challenged anyone to compare the economic, industrial and  moral result which had followed  a prohibitory law in Bellingham,  where the savings of the people  and the bank clearings have increased enormously on account of  it. Dr. Matthews pointed out  that the example of. King George  and leading men of the British  government in-appealing to liquor  interests to desist should make  prohibitionists of all loyal subjects the King who had no ulterior motive to serve by the  continuance of the business.  Dr. Matthews gave a dramatic  and vivid picture of the .evils  of the liquor traffic and of the  disasters that follow in the wake  of the saloon.  A large audience was present  to hear the noted American divine, who has the reputation of  being the most fearless speaker on  moral reform on the Pacific coast.  Friday, July 2, 1915.  GUARDING SECRETS  IN WAR TIME  HUDSON BAY PIONEER PSAP  Bring her to ths-v������oolest and sweetest place in town for a quiet  chat, and a \ dish of our famous Velvet Ice Cream.  PRIVATE BOXES  THAT MEW STORE  Lee Building. On Broadway near Main  Mr. James McDougall, one of  the last of the chief factors of  the Hudson Bay Company, died  at Victoria on Monday. He had  a remarkable career, taking  part in all that concerned the  fortunes of the company in the  Canadian Northwest contemporaneous with the early life of the  late Lord Strathcona. Apprenticed as a clerk to the company.in  Scotland, he left that place about  1862 and came to Norway House,  where he served under the late  chief commissioner, Mr. James A.  Grahame. Being promoted. to  chief factor, he subsequently was  stationed at Lower Mackenzie,  then old Fort Yukon, an din turn  to Peace River district, Edmonton district and Athabasca. He  was 72 years of age.  Vancouver Engineering Works. Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  The season for sockeye salmon  fishing came in on July 1st, and  the fishermen on the Fraser report the run good.  In connection with this great  industry it is interesting to note  that a Steveston report has it  that the Japanese fishermen of  that place have met and decided  that the price per sockeye this  season shall be 35 cents. This  will in all likelihood regulate the  priee as the Japanese are in the  position to control the industry,  there being practically two of  their countrymen to every white  man engaged in the industry.  In war time there are numerous important state secrets which  must be prevented from leaking  but, and they are guarded by  various ingenious devices. For instance, in British government offices the writing on important do--  cuments is dried by means of  roller blotters. These consist of  revolving cylinders covered with  blotting-paper, which are run over  we't ink. The writing is impressed  oh the cylinder in a confused  jumble, impossible to decipher as  would be the case if the ordinary flat-blotter were used. In  some cases, black blotting paper  is used to dry official letters, as  it is much safer than the pink or  white variety. Important .telegrams, if not in code, have to be  guarded from prying eyes by government officials. For this purpose they use a simple little in-j  vention which consists of a tele-  forated gummed edge. The mes-  graph form prepared with a per-  sage having been written, the  form is folded over and the edges  gummed- downras intbe caseot  a letter-card, and its contents pre  hidden from the messenger who  carries it to the telegraph office.  Each battleship carries a book  of code; signals which holds the  meaning of the little flags which  flutter at the masthead when  ships communicate. The code-  book is of immense importance,  and strict precautions are taken  against it falling into the hanc*s  of the enemy. Each volume is  heavily weighted with lead in the  cover, so that in an emergency  it can be thrown into the sea  with the certainty that it will  sink. The code-book is thrown  overboard.. when a battleship is  sinking or has been crippled by  an enemy ship which is likely to  dispatch a boarding party.  In war time all governments  utilize cipher codes for communicating with their commanders in  the field or with their ambassadors in neutral countries. Such  ciphers are cleverly worked out  by an official especially employed for the purpose. The object  of official codes is to make them  absolutely unintelligible to the ordinary person, whilst they can be  read by the initiated by means pf  a simple key that can be memorized. It occasionally happens that  commanders in the field are obliged to communicate with one another by means of despatches  written in plain language. In  such cases elaborate precautions  are taken against the communication falling into the hands of the  enemy. They are secreted. In the  sole of-a despatch-rider's boots,  sewn into his clothing, or, as was.  described in a recent letter from  the front, carried in the pneumatic type of a motor-cyclist's  machine.  Lord Kitchener has a policy  guarding important military   se-  114 Broadway, Near Main. F. H. GOW, Mgr.  FEATURES TOR WEEK OF JULY 5TH  The Home of Paramount Pictures  HEADLINERS  "Siren of Corsica"  Mary Pickford in  "The Good Little Devil"  " The Rose of the Rancho  >7  ���������������������������    \ ������������������.'.'������������������  "When Ignorance is Bliss"  Thie Theatre is cool .and pleasant at all times.  HANBURVS  For  LUMBER-SASH-DOORS  WOOD & COAL  Phone: Bayview 1075  crets by seldom entrusting them  to any but unmarried men. During the many years that he was  busy .perfecting hfe plans for his  swoop upon the Mahdi he did not  have a married man upon his  staff. If one of his staff wished  to get married he had to be transferred elsewhere, in case he should  not prove capable of keeping military secrets from his wife.      \  A traveler arrived in Amsterdam from Ghent, Belgium, claims  that a revolt took place on June  15th ��������� on the part of the inhabitants of Malines. German soldiers fired into the crowd, and  the traveller says seven hundred  civilians were killed. Since this  occurrence, according to the traveller, Malines has been isolated  by means of electrically charged  wire fences.  The SS. Lusitania was sunk, according to a Danish correspondent of the London Evening Star,  by the German submarine JS-2%.  The correspondent also asserts  that it has been learned in 131-  sinore, where he writes from,  that the decoration of the order  Pour Le Merite, recently bestowed upon Lieut. Hersing, commander of the U-21, by the Kaiser,  was in recognition of the torpedoing of. the Lusitania. On  the other hand Berlin officially  states that no Order of Merit  has been conferred on any submarine commander for the sinking  of the Lusitania. The opinion of  the world has evidently reached  Berlin.  SYNOPSIS   07   COAL   MINING  REGULATIONS  Goal  mining  rights  of tbe   Domin-  on,   in- Manitoba,  Saskatchewan   and I  Alberta,   tbe   Yukon   Territory,   tbe|  North-west Territories and in a portion  of the province of British Columbia, may be leased, for a term of I  Uwenty-one years at an annual rental  'of $1 an acre.   Not more than 2,560  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights, applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land'must  be described by sectjoap, or legal  sub-divisions of sections, and in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by tbe applicant  himself.  > Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if tbe rights- "applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the mer-  chantable output of the mine at the  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay tbe  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be ; furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include th_ coal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever avail:  able surface rights may be' considered  necessary for the working of the min������  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  FoV    full    information    application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot-  the   Department  of   the   Interior,   Ot-  | tawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  ' of Dominion  Lands.  W. w". CORY,  Deputy Minister  of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized    publication    of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefel! & Co. limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government,  Municipal  and  Corporation  Bonds   (Canadian)r, .yielding  from   5   per   cent, 'to   7   per   cent.  Bents and Mortgage Interests Collected.  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under personal supervision. ..' -      ���������������������������  Insurance���������Fire,    Life,    Accident,    Marine,    Automobile^ Employers'  .Liability. ..... f  Molson's Bank Building  543 Hastings St. West  Custom Shoe Repairing  P. PARIS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE Ga  BEST SHOE REPAIRING IN THE CTY  Work Done While Tou Wait  Work Called for and Delivered  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' and any Kind of Special Shoes Made  to Order  64 HASTINGS STREET W.   Next Columbia Theatre  Phone:  Seymour 1770. VANCOUVER,  B.  C.


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