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The Western Call May 28, 1915

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 ������#X'  L  m ^  \lyi.  ,������'w4l '. X~x  / > * X  '/ X  ,'    r  4" '   "V"       '  y -1  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  \X  VOLUME VII.  _&<  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,     FRIDAY, MAY 28, 1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 3  AMERICA  (-  OUR COUSINS to the south of us are patient.  Probably  the  time  is  not distant when we  shall all know that she is greatly patient.  None can have the thought that she fears to  .enter..^ the struggle. Few will be content with  the ...thought: that she hesitates to enter the struggle because of self-interest.  It may be best that there should be at least  one great nation outside of. the bloody strife  so that when the time draws near when the  enemy is beaten to his knees there may be one  through whom he may yield his "sword.  But while that is a thought which appears  desirable there is little hope that it can be  realized. Germany is controlled by a man who is  hot sane. 'There is no thinking man outside of  Germany and perhaps Austria to-day who will  hold that the mind which has planned and so  far carried out the devilish butcheries of the  past year, is a .normal mindr It most certainly;  is hot. It is" the tragedy of Germany and  through her of the world that she should have  failed under the dominance of such a mind. But  it is so. Now there is little ground for hope  that the workings of that mind will leave a  loophole for such a nation as the United States  to avoid the contact.  But if America goes in' what will be the results? ,     - ���������  As to the conflict it will certainly tend to  shorten it and will make the end most effective  when it;does come.  But what is of greater importance to us at  this time is that following the lead of Italy the  JJ. S. would undoubtedly confiscate the German  merchant marine now resting in American' waters.  What the ultimate effect this would have ons  1 the- - shipping of Great Britain is n6t possible *  at this time to forecast. But the immediate  effect of the acquiring and putting into commission of this great .fleet would be the supply of  much needed tonnage for the transport of merchandise.  All the west coast' would feel the effect of  this at once.     ���������'- >  The effect of this move would be to transfer  much of the ocean competition from Germany  to "America. It is to be supposed that the  change would be desirable rather than that the  fleet should go back into the hands of Germany.  Britain "would rathe^ have the clean, manly" competition of America than the underhand competition of Germany.  This handicap Britain would be under, that  while the fleet thus acquired by the United  States would presumably begin at once extensive  carrying trade, Britain's merchant marine will  be still tied up with the transport of troops and  munitions. - N  Britain feels this tying up her merchant shipping at this time less than she-,wx>uld if her competitor's fleet were not also off ..tne seas. If the  matter should thus be changed, then she would  still use the merchant marine for. the purposes  of the war, but would havethe added strain j>������  seeing a new competitor-seizing the trade route's  while her shipping is so occupied.  .But this is only another unexpected result  of the war. And all the results Britain will  -cheerfi^ly bearrWhen thetimes'retu  merchant ileet is again free to go about its  business she will still be abbxto get her share  of the business without doubt. J -:  :3t  TAX SALES  POINT GREY has simply gambled with the people's property and has lost the gamble in  the way of loading the municipality with liabilities which its treasury was not prepared to stand.  Now, it demands of the property owners instant payment of the unreasonable amount  of taxes which have been piled on the property. And the demand is for the payment of  the whole amount with interest. If these amouuts are, not paid IN FULL by the 16th of  July the whole of the property owned by the persons who, under those impossible conditions  are unable to pay will be alienated. "  This should be prevented at any cost.  Send in the signed coupon on page five. A meeting will be called to organize very  shortly, and you should be in at the beginning.  T������E OITTMARJ^T  FOR YEARS as a City we have been screaming  for more production of farm stuffs and for  V    its shipment to our market (?)  The citizens of Vancouver have been paying  taxes to keep this market going. Many blame  the white man for not being able to compete with  the Chinaman.  The trouble is not with the grower, but with  the market, or at least was with the market  while under the late control of McMillan and  "others."  The white grower (or better call him victim)  frequently sent in his goods, apples, plums,  potatoes, cabbage, etc., and received in return a  piece of paper showing a bill of costs exceeding the 'proceeds of the sale of his produce.  So common has this been that it is nothing short  of a scandal, and in all probability action will  be taken against the city to recover losses thus  sustained.  We suggest to all salf respecting members of  the city council that an offer be made by the  city to bear the costs of an. action, if brought  by a farmer, so that the facts may be brought  out fully and thus save the reputation of the  city even though it resulted in some eminent  citizens  losing  theirs.  If the council fights the case, or blocks inquiry, it. will be saddled with the guilt of those  who have robbed the farmers and struck a mean  blow at the farming industry and at the same  time impaired the fair name of the eit.y  A RESOLUTION  To keep my health! To do my work! To  live! To see to it I grow and gain and give!  Never to look behind ine for an hour! To wait,  in weakness and walk in power-.' But always  fronting forward to the light! Always and forever facing toward the right- Robbed, starved,  or defeated, fallen," wide astray���������on, with what  strength I have!   Back to the way.  THE GALICIAN CAMPAIGN  ITALY  THE READERS OF THE CALL may remember  ��������� several weeks ago we stated that there would  be a drive on the part of Germany which  would send the Russians back again from West  Galicia and from Hungary. ^  The events of the last two weeks have justified that expectation.   That something like this '  was^ expected by Russia- seems clear, but that  the  strength  of  the  drive  came   as  a  partial  surprise to the Russians seems also to be clear.  . The last month was Germany's month. In it  the weather conditions were- in her favor. Thev  melting snows of the mountains and the impassable roads resulting therefrom enabled Germany  to take many troops from certain parts of the  line and throw them on other parts. This hey  railways enabled her to do and as there was no  guessing just what point would be struck at  Russia was unable to make prior provision,  and as she has not the, facilities for rapid  transport of troops and munitions, she could not  meet the drive fully during the first days of the  conflict. It was, thereforei certain that she would  have to retire at the point of the greatest ���������  pressure. , ^  This being so, there was the certainty that  Russia would', endeavor to lead the retreat to  rush was over it should find Russian troops  such a .point that when the first fury o������-tbe  in plenty to meet the exhausted German army  and handle it to the best advantage.  Germany . has fallen into the trap again  by coming a hundred and fifty miles to meet  the Russian reserves. When it became clear in  which direction the great drive would take place  Russia would concentrate troops to meet it as  near to her own bases of supplies and men  as it was safe to let the enemy approach.  If Russia, has, therefore, made the best use  of the opportunity, we should hear some interesting > things in the near future.  Some writers have been forecasting that there  might be the enveloping of the German troops.  Jt should be borne in mind that tliere can be  *no successful enveloping of such hosts of men for  purposes of the capture of an army.  X>uch an enveloping array could at the most  be only a comparatively thin cordon drawn  around the enemy. The enemy would, however,  be a dense mass enveloped within the thin line.  They could bring their unijtedv,' weight against  ^a^yppint-of^he enveloping Une-and^go-through-  it like paper.  'V But the cutting of the lines of communication  would be feasible and would be disastrous if not  fatal to such an host.  In the meantime Russia's new levies are not  yet in the field. But.they will soon be on the  firing line, and the number is ominous for the  enemy against whom they will be thrown. It  was partly the knowledge of this which made  the desperate drive necessary, for if the hosts  of the Kaiser cannot break the army now in the  field, it is hardly likely that they will be able  to do so when added millions of men have appeared on the battle front to reinforce the present  army.  KITSILANO RESERVE  THE KITSILANO RESERVE is likely soon to  become the property of the Harbor Commission, and to be developed by them into an  up-to-date terminal and industrial centre. c  Almost three years ago the federal member  took steps to secure this reserve for Vancouver,  but the provincial government intervened and  its acquisition was delayed. The Dominion Gov-  erni'ie.rt has, however, remained firm and now it  seems the first definite step has been taken to  place tins reserve under the control of the  Harbor Board. _ The continued opposition of  the provincial government can now only delay settlement of the price. The? possession  will pass to the Harbor Board immediately and  they will be able to commence operations at any  time. This is the beginning of the end of a long  controversy, and Vancouver should congratulate  ���������'-itself-on" the success of the Harbor Commissioners.  The Boston Y. M. C. A. is the largest Y.M.C.  A. building in existence. The membership is 6',-  487, and the budget of the educational department exceeds $170,000. x  I, Motion-picture makers in Europe start Alpine  avalanches which they wish to photograph by  exploding mines in the snow by electricity.  FOR GOOD ORILL Italy has entered the con-  ,   .flict.   There is a somewhat grim humor in  the situation as regards Italy and her late  ���������.X allies.  ''-.       V: ' ���������", '-X'.������������������ ���������.'���������'-  i   When all the story comes to be written of  tbjs great adventure on the part of the Triple  Alliance it will be found that there was a scheme  marked out by Germany for the progress of the  conquest of Europe and. Africa  at  all  events.  Perhaps Britain was not included in this plan,  but she was not forgotten by any means neither  was America.   But as a first step of the plan  there was to be a threefold move on the part of  the  Allies.  Germany was . to move to take possession  of Morocco. The first move in this direction was  the Agadir fiasco on. the part of the Kaiser personally. This move was intended to be the first  step in the grand adventure.  The second step was to be on the part of  Austria. She did move and seized Herzgovina  and Bosnia. But again the fates were not propitious and at that time Austria went no farther. ��������� -  The third move in the chess game was to  be the seizing of Tripoli by Italy. To this no  opposition was offered on the part of Europe,  and this was the only successful complete  move of the great, plan.  To follow Up the partially aborted, scheme  the Balkan alliance against Turkey was engendered through the influence of. Germany.  They, were to attack the Turk. But the Turk had  . been trained for this very,purpose by Germany  arid there" was no doubt held "in that quarter  but that the Balkan states would be routed by  German trained Turkish legions and hurled  back on Austria. Austria was mobilized to go  to the aid of the Balkan states and as their  champion the Cross against the Crescent, they  were to march to Constantinople, and having  got there  to stay__there.  This would open up the way for the German Alliance, for it is folly in the face of all  the facts to call it the Triple Alliance any more,  to the subjection of the Balkans and the occupation of Turkey in Europe and Asia also.  . But alas, the French v trained troops of the  Balkans routed the German trained troops of  Turkey, and Austria was not called upon to intervene. Those wlio followed the Balkan war  closely will remember that Austria was hardly prevented from attacking the ^ictorious^  states anywa;y:X^X^ was  the Kaiser's dream thwarted '..-.  Lastly> came the present, outbreak, where  in desperation Germany threw off thejnask and  precipitated the present war for a hammer and  tong effort to take what she coveted any  way with or without pretext.; ~  She has not gone far as yet towards the  goal, and now her ally, Italy, who was the only  one of the three to pick her plum, turns against  her allies. ,  It is probably certain that Italy was not  given to know all these things, and that she  was encouraged to fight her fight in Tripoli on  her own account, but, nevertheless, she was  expected to secure for the German alliance eventually the valuable domain of. Tripoli.  PROHIBITION  NEVER WAS TIME more opportune, nor the  public more ready and receptive for a prohibition campaign than now.  In these columns we have pointed out that  this war has changed the moral outlook of thousands of. citizens in a way impossible in times  of peace and plenty.   Men who formerly took  no interest whatever in questions of moral importance are now ready to consider and to act.  Thousands ot employers, business men, workers  and   leaders,   who  never   gave   the   problem   a  .thought  are  now  ready  to  support  any  sane  movement towards the abolition of the greatest  curse of society.  Shall we as a city,'as a province, as a Dominion, succeed in crystallizing this sentiment into  action���������in interpreting tbe will of the people  correctly, or shall we waste our time, and energy  in old time-worn arguments, and methods?  The movement is one based upon moral and  economic principles and should be so considered.  The sentiment evidenced in the recent Dominion  Hall meeting must be organized and full advantage taken of. the greatest opportunity ever  offered to get rid of this evil. Citizen, it is up  to   you.  In Japan private individuals own only the  surface of. the land and its products, all mineral  deposits beneath the surface being the property  of the govrnment.  OUR NATIONAL BENEFACTION  A Review df the Canadian Patriotic Fund bj  Herbert B. Ames, HP., Hon.-SecreUry.  THE SUPREME TEST which in future years,  will be applied to nations and individual*,      ;\  /when the events of to-day come under review, will be sumined up in the question as to  how they rose to the occasion at the time of  the Great War.   In calling to the colours, arm-,  ing, equipping, and training upwards of 100,000 v  '  men within the eight months that elapsed after '���������.___  the declaration of war, Canada demonstrated her  loyalty and ability to support the allied cause.  /  J  Nor was this all, for in her generous financial      ' _  response 'to the many claims presented to her    ,  people, on behalf, of those requiring assistance  in consequence of war-time conditions, she performed her further duty with equal wholeheart-  edness. "X        ;  Hardly had hostilities commenced before the        ;-  British, French, and Belgian reservists resident   L.-X  in Canada, whatever their station or employ-     .���������'  *  ment, hastened to join their regiments. Many of  these left their homes almost on a moment's no-  ,  tice.   A fortnight later the mobilization of the  first Canadian contingent began, "and a force of       ''  33,000 men was soon assembled at Valcartier.  Returns show that fully forty per cent, of these      ;  men  had wives  and  dependents  relying upon        a  them for support.   Without hesitation they, answered the' call, feeling confident that if they  risked their lives for the common defence those   '  who remained behind Would see to it that their  , dependents suffered- no lack.  Nor was the confidence of these brave men  misplaced.   During August  and September, -at "  many points throughout Canada, there sprang  into activity groups and committees designed to  care for the families of. those who had gone to  the front.   At first there was between these organizations no bond of union, nor in their me-   -  thods any degree of uniformity. Each committee, -  face to face with its own local problems, "endeavored to deal with the immediate needs of  the situation in the manner that seemed effective.  It soon became app/trent. however, that' if no attempt were made to co-ordinate these activities '��������� ~ < i  there would be danger of overlapping uusorae  areas and of neglect in others.   Hence, towards  the end- of August, his Royal Highness the Duke   >  of Connaught summoned to Ottawa representative - i,  men from all parts of the Dominion, and after   v"  a  prolonged conference  a national committee .  * was formed."    "                 '"" '""   f' *  e This organization took the name of. the Canadian Patriotic Fund with headquarters at the  capital, and his Royal Highness issued a general  appeal inviting communities throughout Canada  to co-operate frith, this central association.     The  appeal met with a ready response. A strong executive was created, of which his Royal Highness  has been the indefatigable chairman, and  the  Honourable W. T. White, M.P., the treasurer.  Under the supervision of this body legislation  was passed by the War Parliament incorporating  the Canadian Patriotic Fund and empowering  this association by means of branches to extend  its work throughout the Dominion.  It was early found, when the general appeal  went forth, that different communities varied  greatly in their ability to contribute.     It was  f elt-thatMt-were-bette^   "Raise what you can and draw what you need,"  than to stipulate that every community should  locally spend what it secured within its'own. territory X;. Had this latter method been adopted it  would have been equivalent to penalizing patriotism, for on the shoulders of those whose loyalty .  had led them to furnish large contingents of  enlisted men would have been placed the added  burden of supporting a proportionately large  vnumber of soldiers'".families; "while, the' district  which furnished few men would require to make,  for the assistance of their families, but trifling  sacrifices. Hence the plan adapted by the  Canadian Patriotic Fund is to ask that all moneys raised be put into a common purse. Every  branch contributes according to its ability and  draws from the combined fund according to the  proved need. The idea that it is the duty of the  strong to bear the burden of the weak has been  the underlying principle of this undertaking  since its inception. To-day there are branches  of the Fund in every part of the Dominion,  from Sydney to Prince Rupert, from Rainy River  to Fort Churchill. A few communities, mainly  owing to the conditions attached to* local subscriptions obtained prior to the organization of -  the national Fund, have been unable as yet to  . come in as branches of the1 larger endeavour,  but fully ninety per cent, of the work carried  on throughout the Dominion for the assistance of *���������  the soldiers' dependents is now .under the direction of duly constituted branches of the national  Canadian Patriotic Fund.  There have been some notable campaigns prosecuted on behalf of this Fund. Five of the  larger eastern cities secured subscriptions aggregating $3,250*,000, while many smaller towns  raised sums representing as to population all the  way from one dollar to seven dollars a head.  County and municipal councils have made generous grants, usually payable in monthly instalments during the continuance of. the war, and  raised by a special tax levied on real estate.  -Up to the end of March cash contributions  amounting to nearly $3,500,000 had been transmitted to or placed under the control of the treasurer of the central Fund, while $1,100,000 had  been paid out, leaving on April 1st a cash  reserve in hand amounting to about $2,400,000.  As many of the pledged contributions are pay-  (Continued on Page Six) THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, May 28, 1915  =^\  GOLD WASHING ON SASKATCHEWAN  There are many parts of the  world, particularly the Klondyke,  California, and Australia, which  have been made famous by the  thousands who have gone to them  in the rush for gold���������-and fortune.  At these places the precious metal  has been found and the fortune  made���������but that story has been  told and retold very often in  fact and fiction.  Of the population of Edmonton,  the capital city of the Province  of Alberta, however, and which  lies on the banks of the Saskatchewan River, the percentage  of those who can came here with  the intention of "hunting" gold  is probably at the irreducible  minimum���������except for those who  dropped off here in the rush to  the Klondyke in '98. ,  There is the. possibility, of  course, that a percentage of the  residents of, the great metropolis  of the North-West, "hit out"  with the idea of amassing gold���������  the emblem of wealth and fortune  ���������but it is safe to assume that  they expected to get it in the  shape of coin of. the realm instead  of having to dig laboriously in  order to unearth it along the  banks of the mighty Saskatchewan.  Nevertheless, the sight of men  with metal is now quite common,  and may be seen here any day.  At one place, for a distance  of two hundred yards,' situated  immediately below the hill on  which the capital city of Sunny  Alberta stands, and just a little  west of the magnificent legislative  buildings, recently constructed,  and opened in 1912 by H.R.H.  the Duke of Connaught, about  a dozen outfits are in operation.  The process pf gold washing  in a very simple one, and the  equipment inexpensive, two features which are largly responsible  for so many being engaged in  gold-washing here at the present  time. ,  Tne "miners" work mostly in  pairs, which is to be much per-  ferred to working single-handed.  The majority of the outfits consist of a box placed at an incline,  resting one end on a rough  trestle, and into this box one  of the. men places the gravel.  His partner, with the dipper  attached to a handle about three  feet in length, pours water on  the gravel, which washes it onto  the "grizzly." The "grizzly" is  a bottomless box, in which is a  grating, and in some cases perforated sheet iron, and the rough  gravel is thus 'separated from the  fine sand and any particles of  gold there might be. The fine  sand and tiny flakes of, the much-  sought metal pass through the  grating and are arrested by a  blanket placed on a inclined  board. The contents of the blanket are than washed into a galvanized pan.  The pan with "dirt" taken  from the blanket is held in the  stream, and by a series of shaking and twisting movements the  contents are kept suspended in  the stream of water. : The density  of gold is about seven times that  of the other material, ; forming  the bulk of the deposit, and the  running water carries away the  sand, leaving the heavy particles  of gold behind.  Mercury is then used to collect  the gold, the mercury later being  burnt out, leaving the, gold nugget.  The first pair we came up to  were working steadily. We took  a look at their outfit, but it appeared to be somewhat "amateurish" and we passed a few yards  farther, up stream. i  We set our cameras to take a  picture. The pair nearest toV. us  made a halt, which suggested to  us that perhaps we were unwelcome intruders, so we asked, them  if they had any objections to us  snapping them. They had none,  90 we proceeded.  1   "If you will give me your ad-  " Pride ol the  BRAND-  n  OVJSRAWS. BmWB, PANTS and WAQW^AW  OWNING  IfANOTAOTTOED JN VANCOUVER  MCMY SJVUTH, BJ41R & m0Q.  Buy Goods Made at Some, and get both the  Goods and tfce Money,"  tt  amvim first  OUR  one  thought and purpose'on  all  appointments is  GENTEEL SERVICE.   We leave no details for your  cafe.  0,UR    CHAPEL   cand    RECEPTION    ROOM  will   afford   you'   any   privacy   you   may  _iftR1_*P  MOUNT PLEASANT UNDERTAKING CO.  Phone: Fairmont 189  IM 8th Ave. E. (near Main)  Proprietor, Frank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  dress," said my companion, "I  will mail you a picture."  "What is it going to cost?"  asked one of the men, eyeing us  somewhat suspiciously, evidently  unable to believe that it is possible to get something for nothing in these days. On being assured that there would positively  be no charge he again set to  work, not before he had informed us, however, that there was  "not much in gold-washing," but  that it was better than "parading   the   streets."  Moving along still farther we  came upon another pair, one of  whom met our approach with a  "wise" glance���������first at our cameras and then at our person.  We greeted them with as  hearty a "good-morning" as we  could summon.  "How d'ye do," replied he of  the wise glance, with a slight  nod. His partner didn't return  our greeting. Instead he took a  long look at us, then, with a complacent, self-satisfied air he filled  his pipe and ignored us altogether. With the regularity and  something less than the speed of  the pendulum of a grandfather clock he continued dipping  the water out of the river and  emptying it onto the gravel.  "Newspaper men, eh?" insinuatingly remarked he of the, wise  glance, though not unpleasantly.  We smiled, ^Without, we thought,  iri any way compromising -our-  selvesXbut he evidently took it  for'granted that that was one of  our misfortunes.  "Guess I'd better keep in my  shell, then," he remarked smilingly, but when we told him we  were merely curious visitors,  with no ulterior motives, he became quite talkative. More so, in  fact, than the majority of the  " miners,'' some of whom we  found very reticent and non-committal!  He pulled a small bottle out of  his pocket, containing about a  dozen nuggets of gold, with ^the  quicksilver on them. After bestowing a satisfied look on his  treasure he replaced it in his pocket. He also showed us the tiny  particles of gold in the pan and  on the blanket, and explained to  us the method of. washing and  treating it.  '' Some fellows,' X said he,  "think all they have to do is, jtp  set a grizzly and start washing,  but they soon quit." That there  was more than an assumption in  his statement seemed evident  from the number of abandoned  outfits at different places along  the river bank, though, we venture to suggest, it is more or less  a matter of luck, whether one  hits the right spot or not.  Just as we were about to leave  our friend unearthed a piece-of  rock about half the size of one's  hand, covered with little pieces of  yellow mineral, having the appearance of gold when held ;up  towards the sun. He~ picked it  upj looked at it, and smiled at us  as we eagerly watched him put it  in his pocket.  ^ iil'd- be axrich-"man-to-day,"  he said "if all of those that I've  found were the real thing."  And as an afterthought he added, "but there are a good many  people who don't know the difference between gold and dross."  The mineral on the rock was  not gold, but iron pyrites.  From the men working here it  is impossible to find out just how  much can be made out of gold-  washing in these parts; but there  are no big finds, and while some  men may be making wages, others apparently are not, judging  from the abandoned outfits.  There is no "rush," no excitement, no romance in connection  with placer mining on the Saskatchewan. The population on  the banks of the river are not  experiencing a repetition of what  occurred in California in '49;  nor are the conditions that prevailed in the Klondyke rush of  '98 being restaged here.  The "miners" here do not even  stake out a claim. They simply  take along a grizzly and start  operations.  Nobody is quitting their job to  unearth the precious metal; the  men go to. their grizzlies every  day as the ordinary man goes to  his work, with more uncertain  results,. and remuneration; and  there is no thought of makirijg a  fortune in a day.  What made these  men hunt  the Saskatchewan for gold? V  They know that gold in small  quantities lies in the banks., and  in most cases the seeking of; .tne  necessary means of livelihood was  the motive.  And we might look still a little  deeper and see that the reason  for this occupation is the present  European    crisis.     Another - in  stance that the kaiseric code does  not only affect those in the Kaiser's domains,' but the whole  world.  When wrar broke out the majority of these men were following  their usual, occupations, but were  then thrown out of employment,  without any prospect of work until at least winter was over. And  this was only the beginning of  August���������which left the unenviable possibility of unemployment  for at least eight or nine months  ���������a precarious situation, especially for the man with more than  one mouth to fill and two feet to  shoe. The wolf of hunger is a  dreaded foe; and charity is not  the best of neighbors....  There are others, however, sifting the banks of the Saskatchewan more from novelty than necessity. These, 'tis true, are few  and far between.  But to have a nugget of gold,  the product of one's own handiwork, lends an interest to the operations, and gives more than a  monetary value to the article, and  sufficient to recompense for the  labor���������which the limn unaccustomed to the handle of a shovel  will find at least strenuous exercise.  We venture to suggest, however, that iri those days of reflections���������which will come to us  all in later years���������he will have a  jewel with a history���������a real treasure���������and one that cannot be  priced by its assay; and furthermore, a treasure which will form  a legacy in which an heir would  have a justly pardonable pride.  It is impossible to form an idea  of the exact amount of gold being taken from the banks of the  Saskatchewan at this point, for  all do not dispose of their finds  in the same manner.  Some of the "miners" take the  gold to the bankers and others  take theirs to the jewelers, who  buy all they can get. One bank  paid out $200 for gold nuggets  in a week.       V, *  While some of the men turn in  their finds as soon as it is prepared, others hoard up considerable  amounts, and receive a lump sum  for their product. Here are others, again, who make their gold  into nuggets for stick pins, for  which, one of these men informed us, Vhe could get a much better price and ready buyers.  pressly prohibited. Postal notes  and bank notes should not be  sent. " " ��������� "  8. It must be understood that  no guarantee -of the delivery of  either parcels or letters can be  given and that the post office^ accepts no responsibility. In. any  case, considerable delay may} take  place and failure to receive an  acknowledgment should not necessarily be taken as an indication  that letters and parcels sent have  not been delivered. ������;.  9; So far as is known, prisoners  of war in Germany are allowed  to write letters or postcards from  time to time, but they may not  always have facilities for doing so  and the fact that no communication is received from them need  not   give   rise  to  anxiety. *  Ottawa, Canada''  PRINGLE  &  GUTHRIE,  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners!  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of thej  Bar of British Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  AROUCJ  acco  FOR PRISONERS  IN GERMANY  The post office department at  Ottawa has issued the following  for the instruction of those who  have friends who are prisoners in  the hands of Germans."  1. Letters (letters should be left  open) postcards and postal parcels should be addressed as follows X  1. Rank, initials, name.  2. Regiment, or other unit.  3. British (or Canadian, or  French, Belgian or Russian) prisoner of war.  4. Place   of internment.  5. Germany.  XPlace of internment should^ be  stated always if possible, and parcels cannot be accepted unless  place of internment is stated. All  addresses must be in ink.  2. Communications should be  limited to private and family news  and to necessary business communications, and should not be  sent too frequently.  No references to the naval,  military or poltical situation or  to naval or military movements  and organizations are allowed.  Letters or postcards containing  such references will not be delivered.  ������3. Friends of prisoners of war  are advised to send postcards in  preference to letters, as postcards  are less iikely to be delayed. If  letters are sent, they should not  exceed in length two sides of a  sheet of note paper and should  contain nothing but the sheet of  note paper. On no account  should the writing be crossed.  4. Letters cannot for the present be accepted for registration.  5. Postage need not be paid either on letters or parcels addressed to prisoners of war.  6. No letters should be enclosed in parcels, and newspapers  must not on any account be sent.  So.;far as is known there is no  restriction on the contents of parcels; tobacco may be sent and  will be admitted duty free, but  food stuffs of a perishable character should not be sent. Parcels  should - not exceed 11 lbs. in  weight.  7. Remittances can be made by  money order to prisoners of war.  Instructions as to how to proceed can be obtained from postmasters of accounting postoffices.  The transmission of coin, either in letters or parcels, is ex-  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $6.00 in No. 1 District, also  All kinds of Mill Wood  Phone: Pair. 1554  BRITISH COLOMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  tlMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittih|������.x  .Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942. 1101 Dominion Building.  Ronnie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta Grain and Feed Store  1547 Main Street  Our Specialty  Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables  Pree City Delivery  Phone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver, B. 0.  You Cap Save Money  By Using  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  ^25 Cent.  THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  32 Rides on  TangoTickets  Your Savin* on  $1 Investment  32 Rides at  a 5 cent fare  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B. O. ELECTRIC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS W;ELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  Good (without transfer) on any B- C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. until midnight.  "Q. B.,r Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Goats.  "Q. B." Means 'Guaranteed Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q.B." Means "Made in B. C."  by White Help.  The Vancouver -Knitting Co., Ltd.  COAL  "Our Coal Lasts Longer."  Our Coal is better value than any other on the  market.   More heat.   No clinkers.      v  WOOD  Millwood and Kindling, per load ... $2.50.  Choice 16-inch Fir, per load....... .$3.00  BUILDERS' SUPPLIES  Kilgard Firebrick, Sewer Pipe, Partition Tile,  .,     Etc.     ' ��������� -A   k ^  CARTAGE  General   Cartage,   Baggage    and   Furniture  Moved and Storexi.  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour: 5408-5409 ' ��������� . <-���������-*"*���������**. ���������  1  (*r* "\  1 i .  Friday, May 28, 1915-  'MSB/'-  hxv^.~xX  f  ft  THE WESTERN  CALL  /F=  NOTES BY THE  By W. A. Ellis  '^t  c ,  Xi^X  The Crisis at the Admiralty  I wonder if Lord Charles Ber-  esford ever trod upon the corn  of the gentleman with ithe Muscovite name who is so fond of  rapping him in one of our Vancouver "dailies? v  Before he knew anything about  the facts of the case an editorial  appears and "Charlie" is blamed  together with the 'Morning Post'  for bringing about tne crisis, at  the admiralty. I am perfectly  certainfthat anything Lord Charles could have said or donewduld  not have the slightest effect in influencing Lord Fisher, and I am,  equally certain that anything  Winston Churchill would have  done by way of interfering with  the machinery would put Lord  Fisher's back up at once.  ��������� We are told that "Winston  Churchill had the navy already  mobilized for! the war. Nonsense.  Tlie navy was assembled for  manoeuvres before tfie assassination of the heir to the Austrian  throne, and it was just God's  good luck that it was not demobilized before July 27th, 1914.  Charlie is also taken to tasic  for having written "The Betrayal." No doubt our friend at  that time joined in the chorus  with many other little Engenders and called it "hlufBX Perhaps  he would also call the articles of  Robert Blatchf6rd^ by the same  name. I remember he said the  Ulster volunteer movement' was  bluff. But sixty thousand rifles  together with ammunition intended to te-lused against one class of  the enemies of Britain are now  being used by the Belgians  against another class���������and no  bluff���������  If we had listened tb the Radical Home-rulers seven years' ago  our shipbuilding program.-would  have b������������en cut down 3 battleships  per annum���������this would mean that  we should be 21 short at the  present time, and these of a class  that would win or lose the war  on sea. ���������  Winston Churchill was not in  favor of this reduction, I admit,  but the radical economists, backed by Lloyd George, would have  hud their own way if it- had  not been for Lord Curzon,;The  Navy League, Lord Charles Ber-  e&ford and the great Unionist  newspapers, foremost amongst  them Algernon Bprthwick's old  paper "The Morning Post.''v   V  Try some other target: to pracV  tice upon my friend.; for with all  his faults C. B. is the* best loved  man in the navy to-day and written right across his face is the  best of ' ��������� hall marks"���������Madev in  Britain. ^ ���������    -������������������A- ;':  :  >������������������;... .������������������:���������.'"��������� *' '*   '  An independent. Voter told me  his conscience' so Vtroubled him.  that he -(did not khow who to"  vote for Vac the forthcoming provincial election. There was so  much graft,, so. much crookedness, and then the publication of  the 'Crisis.' . X;''  Well, well, I remarked, "vote  Liberal."  ....���������What! he cried, "if I voted  for. that bunch we should have  no  British   Columbia  left  in   a  twelvemonth; they, they   " Good morning, my friend, of  the two evils choose'the lesser."  *   ���������   ���������  We read of and listen to a lot  of \ nonsense advising love towards our enemies, the common  V'X  H Quarts for $1.00  Guaranteed above the    JUl our nwWc coj^ from  sto������4ar4 in Butter fat     tuberculin tested cows.  Jt any ?erson em prove that our milk  is not pure in every way, we will cheerfully donatei $50.00 to any charitable  institutio^r^^^^  PeUverecf to yonr -Home Daily  Phone: Fair. X934  131 15th Avenue W.  brQtherhood of man, and all jthis  kind of sentimental humbugs The  very people who write and talk it  have no more wish to see it carried through than a shark wishes  to lose its breakfast. x  We do not hate the Germans  because they were born Germans.  What we say is this. That they  have been inoculated with .such  brutal teachings that they have,  become pestilential vermin^a foul  disease, a blot on the fair1 name  of humanity, and after we have  made them see this, and put them  in a way that will prevent them  ever becoming so again we will  talk about forgiveness. I feel certain/ that God would not wish  King George fo shake hands with  the Kaiser when the latter's fingers are dripping with the blood  of murdered innocents.  Cheer up! There's plenty of  land left for a potato patch in  British Columbia yet in spite of  the "Crisis."  * ���������   ���������  I-think it Vould be,an excellent,  iclea to stow about 100 German  prisoners of war on every liner  coming from, or going to Great  Britain. It would certainly improve their health and give them  an opportunity to become acquainted with another phase of  their^own 'kultur.'  ,'j. X' .# ������������������ ��������� v#.  vThe Kaiser already has a withered arm. According to a letter appearing in a recent paper,  if it were up to a certain Professor in Vancouver, he would  soon have a withered neckV  All Must Advertise���������Look at  the common barndoor hen. When  she lays how she cackles about  it and advertises the fact to the  world���������consequently her eggs are  in great demand. The duck on  the other hand does not advertise. There is, no , great demand  for duck eggs. *  * *   *  T I stood at the corner of Cordova and Carrall streets the  other evening listening to a Socialist orator, whose voice sounded like a nutmeg rasping on a  grater. He declared "it did not  jriiatter a tinker's curse whether  Germany or Britain ruled as long  as the classes were allowed to  murder-the .masses." The only  difference is this. In Germany he  would in all probability have a  Junker's boot jammed down his  throat, whilst here the kindly policeman sticks his thumbs in his  waistbelt, gazes on with a look of  pity, and \vonders how long it  will be before the order comes to  remove him to the nearest madhouse.  WPTJSTRIAl. OONDmONS      .  AFTER T9H WAR  Tremendous  Economic   Problem  That Must be Solved  XOne of^-the-economic questions  to which a great deal of attention, is" being given in England is  that of preparing to assimilate  into industry the hundreds of  thousands, if. not millions, of men  who will be released from war  duties. The British government  has refused to answer ��������� questions  in the commons respecting the  size of the British armies raised  since war began, holding that the  information is too valuable to be  let out. It is confidently assented, however, that at least 2,500,-  000 men have been taken out of  the United Kingdom's.civic pop  ulation   for   military   purposes.  Everywhere employers are handicapped in their operations by a  lack of help. The rural districts  and small towns and villages are  denuded of their vigorous men.  The railways alone have furnished 100,000 men for the ranks.  Only in the armament factories,  on the docks, and certain necessary supply and transportation  services does there remain a supply of workers at least up to normal. Under the government  scheme of organizing all branches  of British industry to serve the  great object of making munitions  for the war there has been a  steady concentration of skilled  workers in the munition works.  Other industries have been Veil  drained. When all of this vacuum comes to be refilled, the displacement and confusion will be  distressing. What to do with the  Surplus of idle labor will tax the  statesmanship of Britain.  Looking to tbe Dominion  It is, of course, obvious that  industries which have had to proceed on a reduced scale because  of lack of help will not he able  immediately on the end of hostilities to regain their former  vigor. The closing of armament  production will throw a large'surplus of labor back upon industries that flourish best in peace.  Since the losses in the .war will  have reduced most conspicuously  the ultimate supply of labor,  there will be only a temporary  glut in the labor market, but the  prospect of that is immensely disturbing. Most of the public men  in Britain who have been discussing the subject seem to think  there will be a rush of emigration to the dominions. Earl Grey,  former governor-general of '< Canada, has suggested the formation  of a registry office in London  listing all lands available for settlement within the empire. Lord  Lytton has the same idea. "We  have plenty of men to spare for  the overseas dominions," he says'.  In normal times the problem is  to find work for the men, not  men for the work. The danger  is that after the war is over there  will be only too many standing  idle in the.market place. It will  be an economically-sound policy  to enable them to emigrate to  Canada or Australia, where the  demand for labor will be greater,  and the chances for improving  their position more numerous.  Steps should also be taken to  assist women who have been  widowed by the war to find new  homes across the seas, where the  call for female labor, particularly  the domestic kind, is loud and  insistent. J am most certainly  in favor of securing the co-operation of the overseas dominions.  Their co-operation with the home  authorities would be very valuable."  Sow Can Canada Kelp?  There is in the condition outlined by Lord Lytton an answer  to the assertion sometimes heard  in-Ganada^that the Ottawa^ goy-  ernment should send many of thu  British-born idle in the cities  back to Britain, where.labor is so  scarce. At the best their return  to Britain would be a help for  only a few months, and then they  <dso would be engulfed in the  surplus of labor. The question  facing Canada and Australia is:  How can the British ex-soldiers  who emigrate after the war be  best accommodated? In Canada at least we have beeu having our own industrial troubles,  consequent upon over-expansion.  The situation will gradually right  Jos. H. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: North Vancouver 103  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  SHIP BUILDERS-SCOWS���������BEPAIRS  MARINE RAIL WAY  North Vancouver, B. C.  itself, but the most inveterate optimist Xvould   not   predict   that  Canada  vtould absorb regiments  of ex-soldiers into its cities and  towns for perhaps several years.  We have plenty of land for settlement���������millions of acres of it.  But the difficulties that prevent  the unemployed in the cities from  becoming producers oh the land  would be equally restraining on  most men from the ranks. Unless  they happened to have had little encouragement to settle on the  land immediately, either,  as  laborers   or   occupiers.   There   is  plenty of call in Britain for agricultural workers. Moreover, it  is not improbable that Belgium,  Germany.    France,,   and    other  European countries will lose hundreds of thousands by emigration  ���������people determined to get away  from th% European charnelbouse.ltweea them.  Is there any large, satisfactory l  way in which Canada could ab-  in direct contradiction 'to that  we have been pursuing for some  time, but Imperial necessities  may countermand our domestic  policy. The British government  has, of course, considerable re- *  sponsibility itself for helping  British ex-soldiers to get planted  industrially after the war. If it  takes' them for war service, it  ought to have some stake in replacing them. The registry suggested by Earl Grey would be far  from settling the economic aide  of. the emigration matter���������and  this is the most important by far.  The question ought to be taken  up earnestly and vigorously by  the governments of the dominions  in conjunction with the British  government, and some Imperial;'  system of distributing the labfMtf  surplus should be aritHM_^'--'-|*t5  ���������*  o  sorb so much new population!  A Questioh for Peep Thought  This is a question to which the  Pominion  government,   and  the  provincial  governments  as well,  should address themselves.    Our  imperial service is not that of  aiding in wartime alone; it is in  co-operating for common Imperial purposes. We shall be strengthening the Empire and ourselves by making extensive provision   to   receive   surplus   British  population. This course would be  Roosevelt wants wonv6j$ . ....j,^  good sense, good hearts^^W'IpMI  eral goodness to have *t$fo >$&'.  If these qualities were 4em!ti$(ityft  from   male   voters,   how "^sw'  KM,  ���������*���������"%���������[.  'Is  igi  <*&f'  *W J   v 3*1 '  sh'^y&  y$  would ever reach the poUaf'l - XXt'.. ;���������.,  ,au  The province of Alberta has  a coal area over 16,000 square  miles, with an estimated quantity availible for consumption of  90,000,000,000 tons. This is a  pretty good mineral showing for  an agricultural province.  Xi  <*������  IW3  I    i    !  I:      l:      I:  MEALS ARE NEVER LATE  WHEN you have a NEW PERFECTION Oil  Cookstove to help you with tbe Cooking.  It lights at the touch of a match���������like gas, adjusts instantly, high or low, by merely raising or lowering the  wick. It means "gas stove comfort with kerosene oil."  MEW PERFECTION Oil Cookstoves are made in 1,2, 3, and 4  burner ������ize������} if your dealer cannot lupply you, write us direct  aOYALITEOIL  GIVES  ���������EST RESULTS  m  Oil  'ION  "NOW SERVING  2.000.000  HOMES"  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  BRANCHES IN   /X     ALL CITIES  Made in,  Canada  WHOLESALE  WABEHOUSE   SECTION,   WATEE   STBEET  LAWN   SEED  FERTILIZES  SEEP OATS  255  Early Bose Seed Potatoes  Grace Darling Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Reliance Seed Potatoes  F T. VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT FEED STOBE  BROADWAY EAST Two Phones: Fair 136 and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Chiek Food for Bert Results . , ������  ^  r   V   '  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, May 28, 1915  ���������3  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS,  M.  P.  Editor-in-Chief "'���������' \  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  ^Y THE     ; . V    ;     :  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  ���������   X " .', X '   ' ,"'.":  HEAD OFFICE: /  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. 6.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  *l If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  THE WESTERN CALL offers again to its readers this week short articles on current events  which are well worth considering.  These are not clippings from other papers  but are written for the Call and much of the  matter cannot be found discussed elsewhere.  To the young people these short articles  should be invaluable, for they state facts in such  a way that once read they will be understood  and never forgotten.  Tke contributions are from trained men  whose services could not be purchased except  at high rates. But the Call places them at the  disposal of its readers.  We have received many communications expressing  appreciation. X  We ask you to show that appreciation practically by using our advertising columns more  freely and by sending our way your Job Printing  We give good value in each line.   ^  - In the meantime the publishing department  will be glad of your year's subscription, namely  One Dollar. .  ������   .,-,...    X,  >-'"���������   .���������.'���������..-���������   '".���������,���������  KITSILANO RESERVE  AGAIN WE HAVE toV thank Mr. Stevens for  the   successful   arrangeiSent   by   which  the  Kitsilano reserve comes under the operation  of the Harbor Board;  There has been a long discussion of this matter.   But now that it is ended there will be  - great benefit for the. city and the port of Vancouver.  It is noteworthy that when Mr. Stevens was  on the city council he opposed strongly the action which cost the eity the False Creek property which was alienated to a foreign corporation, the consideration being in the form of verbal promises to expend five millions of dollars  on improving their own property so presented  to thein within a given time. The promises, of  course, have not been redeemed.  Now, Mr. Stevens has secured for the city  this great property. One man in the city has  been instrumental in alienating the cities for  property without haying secured the promised  returns even ridiculously small though they were,  the other has secured the present property.  What better illustration have we, of the two  classes of men running for office in this country.  One has no thought but, to spend the property  of the city or provinceor I)oi^^n^t^X>ther  class^haTn^t^  When will the electors awake to the distinction? -^W. p. G.  ���������   ���������  LORD KITOOTNBR  ���������/.���������  THE FURORE which has been  raised against7  the strong man of England is in. a manner  characteristic of the ways of. a democracy.  There seems to he no need to worry however  .for Kitchener probably sits none the less.'>tight.  in the saddle. ������  There is, of course, a basis for complaint.  There has been a lack of a certain kind of  munition.  But this kind of munition was not required  at all, and no man expected it would either  be required or be of any particular value in  field work  at  the beginning of the war.  The fact is that there has been a new development in field work which has created a new  demand.  The Germans appear to have taken to the  ground in imitation of the British. TruK they  were acquainted with the use of trenches before, but their system made less use of them  than the British system. *  But, having adopted them on the retreat  from aris or its neighborhood rather they went  one better and turned the earth,trench of the  British into the concrete redoubt steel roofed of  the German. Against these -the shrapnel was  useless and high explosives were needed in enormous quantities.  None but Ominiscence could have foreseen  this need, and it is not surprising" that there  was a shortage of these shellsX Especially so  when we call to mind the great amount unexpectedly required for the task of. the Dardanelles.  Now that the need is recognized it will be  met and we may be sure that there is no man  who will meet it more promptly than Kitchener.  But that is not the root of the outcry.  Northcliffe has felt aggrieved at the attitude towards the press taken by Kitchener.  . There are millions in the battle stories for the  papers if they are only allowed to tell them  as they used to do in the days of the ubikui-  tiur war correspondent. But Kitchener would  have none  of this.   Then by the  thunder of the  Times and the other great papers he owns and  controls, the great newspaper man made up his  mind that he Wouid hurl from office the great  soldier who treated the press so cavalierly.  He finds, however, that the great soldier  is not so easily overthrown. The attack has, it /  is true, cai'ried the government by the board,  a result not aimed at perhaps. But the great  soldier /is still at the head of the army and  \yhat is worse from the great newspaper man's  >point of view, he is. still the head of the censorship office also.        ' ���������'���������       v  This is the secret of the present struggle on  the part of the newspaper man.   It is probable'  that the great soldier will   go on his way refusing to fight the man of thei pen at all. And  that will be  the unkindest cut of all.  ���������X       .."-������������������**���������        !  PENNY WIS^POUND FOOLISH  'THE CONNAUGHT BRIDGE has been burned  and will cost from $60,000 to $100,000 to repair, and. thousands of citizens will be put to  loss and inconvenience each day for six or eight ���������  months.   Why?   Because we had no fire boat.  Vancouver has been for years suffering because of the lack of a proper fumigating station.  Both of these harbor facilities would-have  been installed by now by the Harbor Commissioners had not the Board of Trade  and certain sections of the shipping interests deliberately and persisferitly blocked their efforts.   .  The cost of the repairs to Connaught Bridge  would have paid the modest fees proposed by  the Harbor Board for two years. .This loss f  alone, to say' nothing of time' and convenience  in the closing of the bridge; represents the full  toll for everything for two years. What a policy for a Board of "Traders" to practice,  NWhat a penny wise and pound foolish course to  pursue. Suppose they wake up for a change  and recede from their position of. bitter antagonism to Harbor Development, and allow the  Harbor Commissioners to equip this porf as it^  merits.   ������������������';      ���������'-���������:''-J-'       ���������-"' XX'<;  '������������������������������������._.������������������-������������������.'  Y.M.C. A.  DROPPING INTO the Y. M. C. A. on Monday  afternoon at four o'clock we found that there  was a prayer meeting forward.   Asending to  the upper room used for the purpose we found  quite a body of business men of the city there.'  They were lead by one of the number of business men, not by. :ah officer of the association.  We marked in their prayers one leading petition that while the minds of men were open and  while multitudes of;|nen its sheep without a shepT.  hard were enquiririgj a -leader in spiritual things  might be found AvhO Would focus the desire so  manifest and so widespread into a great revival,  .effort; X; ; xXvx -    XXx.'-'-'v'"/'.���������'.'���������.,, ���������;���������;���������"' '*  Again we  were  ledto  wonder,  what  has'  happened to the appointed and ordained spirit-1  ual leaders. f X  We wondered further if Milton were now  alive whether he would not have written Licidas'  to-day, without much modification of its phrasi-u  oiogy.    'aj''-'xxx -'A -X v:r '��������� ���������..'���������"'X -i:  -'      -       ' '   ���������'������������������   -   '���������>   -   >'���������.������������������'     :'���������  x ?QR STOAR RggT  As there is some talk of substituting wheat  for sugar beet in .Belgium, Holland and France  this season, it will be interesting to ascertain  ^what area isXisually devoted to the latter crop.  We find, on reference to a publication of the-...,;,  British. Board of Agriculture, the following sta-'v.  tistics bearing on the subject.   Sugar beet area  cultivated:   Belgium, and  Holland   each  about-  150,000 acres, France about 550,000, a total of.;  850;000 acres* therefore, if all the area vwere ���������  seeded with wheat, the aggregate crop of the  three countries mightvhe. increased by 20,000,-  000 bushels>jOther^countries in Eu^pe^muallyi  "h^aA^^tKe^fblJowln^areas devoted to sugar beet:  Austria-Hungary 1,050,000 acres, Denmark 80,000  acres; Germany, ,1,300,000 acres, Italy 130,000  acres, Russia 1,900,000 acres, Spain 100,000  acres, Sweden 70jOOO acres.  World's Production of Sugar Beet in 1914 :,,,  Production . ;  Countries  1913-14   ���������  '���������-'".'     '   " .-'' ';    '  Tons   (2000  lbs.)  Bulgaria .........       331,000  Denmark   .............:           663,000  Italy  ...:... ...............    1,488,000  Roumania         276,000  Russia-in-Europe    13,615,000  -  Sweden ;.     1,050,000  Switzerland           30,000  Canada         108,000  United    States ���������,. ./.    '... 5,147,000  Totals A.....   ..........22,708,000  BRITISH HEROISM AT HILL 60  "What our troops withstood can to some degree be realized fi it be remembered that the  space fought over on the four and a half days,  between the 17th and 21st April, was only about  250 yards in length by about 200 in depth. On  to that small area the enemy for hours on end  hurled tons of metal and high explosives, and at  times the hill top was wreathed in clouds of  fumes. V XX  TREATMENT   OP   PRISONERS  (London Chronicle)  In regard to its treatment of prisoners as in  : some other, matters, the German Government  has been establishing a record which will have  to be looked into judicially when the Avar is  over. Navy prisoners, captured at sea, it has  none; for on,occasion when its officers could have  saved our sailors' lives they have preferred to  see them drown. British prisoners captured in the  fighting by land and British civilians interned  in Germany have in some cases (as our Government have stated that they know from firsthand evidence) been treated with horrible brutality ; and in more numerous instances have been  upderfed, in cold, dark, ill-ventilated buildings.  WORLD'S AREA SOWN IN  WINTER WHEAT AND RYE  The following table shows the amount of ~wiriter  wheat and winter rye sewn in the different countries  of   the   world   for   the   season   of  1914-15.  v ���������. Wheat  ' Acres '  Denmark         138,000  Great. Britain    Italy     12,355,000'  Luxemburg   1       29,000  Switzerland    ...... V     105,000  Canada   1,294,000  United States  41,263,000  India     28,694,000  Japan ,  1,117,000  Rye  Acres  565,000  ���������     57,000  2,851,000  WORLD'S TRADE IN FLOUR  4  The following table shows the world's trade in flour  showing the net imports from Jan.' 1st to Dec. 31,  1914, in the first column, and the net exports; from  January 1st to Dec. 31, 1914 in the second column:  ."'���������'.'���������������������������'   "'X-; Bbls.,;^v  Great Britain and Ireland ........���������-.4,652,700 X  Bbls.  Italy  ....;.;........   ���������.'....!.'������;..........* . .  865,200  Netherlands    ....1,482,500  ...........X....  Roumania ........    *...;���������'.. -       ;\  842,300  Sweden   :..,...,...   144,600  ���������.......,....'....  Canada ...X.....~....:..   -i......... '.;   4,612,000  United   States   -���������....'.'���������...-.........'...  12,694,000  Argentina   ...X.... ............  -���������-V..-1:..!.*.���������'.-.....������������������  '; ���������:���������";��������� 757,*0D  India -' .......,...........;   ^:ix..x....,...x  -645,000  Egypt .: ......'. :...!.:.  ...V:.....l,492,600  ................  Australia   ...:.....;.:.:.:...^.....:  '���������  1,777,300  WORLD'S TRADE IN BARLEY  The following table shows the net imports'" and net  exports in barley for the countries of the world from  January   1   to   December   31,   1914:  Imports  Bushels  Great  Britain   and   Ireland    37,667,000"  Italy   L     811,000  Netherlands     8,180,000  Roumania   Sweden       Switzerland  Canada       United   States  Argentina      India       Algeria     ,  Egypt   Australia     769,000  427,000  Exports  Bushels  ��������� 9,279,000  33,000  6,799,000  18,208,000  1,069,000  1,290,000  .3,861,000-  '    384,000  LOWER DECK LOGIC  Yer want my opinion, messmates ?'      ,        ?  Jest wait till I take  a  chew,  Though I admit our  'Aggie Weston says  It's a wery bad thing ter do���������r  Now   "Jacky"  an'   Winston   ChurchiU  - Yer remember I rrihde a bet  That they'd never pull long together.*  An' me reasons before you I'll set.  II.  In the fust place our Winston is shifty.  As  'is father was shifty ^afore  An' 'e plays ter the gallery always  In a manner that makes me feel sore.  'E ain't jest quite sure o' the difference  'Tweeh a warship an' aireyoplane,  But 'e talks like the grandson o' Neptune,  An' would make yer believe 'e's the same.  III. X,      %  Now "Jackey's" near sixty years' service  To   'im the fleet's jest" A. B. C.     ,  Of ships, guhs^an' men 'e's a master  As well as in strata-gi-eeX X  ;-.VAn' when-Jackey" says a thing always ^  'E never was known to back down    _^  An' 'e'll dowhat'e thinks is the wisest  Though the Kingdom o'v'eaven may frown.  X;xx^r;- ���������' x.x.iy.x .yy^-kk/yA-  Tain'tvplain 'ow they came in collision  Btit  there's  one  thing  that  seems  Wery  plain  '..That theory tried to rule practice  v The  result it spells  failure  again���������  Put a bank clerk in charge o' a Steamship  Shuve 'er. off an' then put 'er- ter sea  When you've picked up the flotsam an' jetsam  You'll say���������'Xis business was^just L.S.D.  WORWS T#AJ>3 JN OATS  The following table ' shows the ' net imports and  net exports in bushels of the world's trade in oats  for the period Jan. 1 to Dec. 31, 1914:  Great Britain and reland  Italy  .-.   Netherlands  Roumania      ' Sweden       ;.. Switzerland   .  Canada ...........  , United,Staites  Argentina   .....  Algeria   ..........  ���������V  .46,653,000  ,. 4,176,000  . 5,485,000  . 2,483,000  .9,484,000  6,610,000  18,350,000  24,026,000  22,749,000  ..,4,895,000  ';��������� '":���������'.������������������ 'x'������������������-'v./'-' ��������� -r/aa/'-A'   :..  But,/messmates   'tis war;we are   'avin',  An' we wants a good nja,n at the helm   ,  An' Churchill, no doubt, would be useful  If the weather was fine an' sea calm  But we don't want a front bench debater  To dictate to an' admul who knows. N  What's best fur the nation an' navy  Is the man that can-throttle 'er foes.   v  ���������W. A. ELLISN  INQUIRIES FOR PAPER  Investigations indicate that former sources~of  supply of paper are disturbed to such. ah extent that importers anfi merchants are desirous  of getting in touch with manufacturers in Canada to assist in filling their requirements. These  inquiries cover a large, field so far as classes of  pajjer are concerned, as follows:  Blotting, book, carbon, catalogue, coated and  ���������enamelled, coloured; corrugated, cover, drawing,  envelope, featherweight, fibre, glazed, gummed,  kraft, label, lithographic, news, tag,: tissue, typewriter, waterproof,, waxed, wrapping and manila,  writing and ledger, kraft browns, grease-proofs,  vegetable parchments, M.G. cap bag papers, M.G.  sulphite papers in heavy weights, toilet.  Under the circumstances it would be advisable for Canadian firms in a position to compete  in these goods to communicate with buyers.  They will find that their samples and quotations  will receive care and attention. Names and addresses of Glasgow inquirers are on file at the  Department of Trade and Commerce, Ottawa.  In making quotations itwould be well to give/  full particulars regarding details of packing.  Prices should be quoted in sterling, delivered at  Glasgow,  a ���������*"  HASTINGS  STEEET  WEST,  SHOWING NSW STANDABD /BANK BX7ILDIKO  R^%i;*i������ti:&i-'*".  mtm  .Hi  r.vw^y fS^ffr.���������: t^i y^_.*,t: '.  -    -I  -j . ���������  XX  Friday, May 28, 1915  THE WESTERN   CALL  Cut this out, sign it, and get your friends to sign it, and return it to the Call.  TO THE WESTERN CALL:  Please enroll my. name as a member of the Property 'imrstn' League, and proceed with  the organization as speedily as possible.  Signature  Residence  Occupation  . _ 4  /  I  \  ~~ r \   t      4  ������  CORRESPONDENCE  Editor Western Call:       - XV  We have in Vancouver at present a very large Chinese popula-  tionXyery large indeed, in fact,  Vancouver,; in1 comparison to its  size, has the largest Chinese population in the whole of the Dom-  iXinion of Canada.'     :  How many citizens of Vancouver stop to realize what this foreign^ menace is going to mean to  Vancouver unless a stop is put to  it before it V gets beyond pur  ; power and control ?X  We shall endeavor to analyze  the great benefit we are.supposed to derive from this foreign  element in our midst.  _ In the first place are these  Chinese helping to improve the  city morally? Is their presence  here an inspiration to us to reach  for   higher   things   in   life?   Do  | they set the growing generation  a good example ? Are their moral standards higher than ours?  Are they by their energy and  forethought providing work for  the working class or, are they, by  working for lower wages and  longer hours, pushing British  subjects out of their positions?  The facts that I have gathered  together we will discuss in the  following paragraphs:  On investigating we find that  the Chinese spend little money in  Vancouver or in the' province,  and local stores and, business  houses receive no benefit from  their trade, for they patronize  their own merchants.down' in  Chinatown.  You, the casual observer,; naturally conclude^ that the ordinary Chinaman you see walking  along our streets earns just about  enough money to exist on. But  if -Nyou would make a thorough  investigation you would no doubt  in many cases change your opinion on- the subject in question.  I know of one.instance where  an old Chinaman, forty years old,  earns the moderate wage of $25  per week. You naturally inquire  what he works at. Well, in this  instance,, this old fellow washes  the windows arid floors of our  modern offices, in Vancouver  where some poor struggling wash  woman, trying,, to support a family, should be given the preference. This Chinaman I am refer-.,  ring to sends tweiity dollars a  week back to China, so that in a  few years he will be able to retire^ and live in luxury in old  China. He keeps the remaining  .$5 -every week for living expenses.  This money is spent among the  Chinese merchants of Chinatown.  And I may state they in turn  send large sums back to China, so  that it can be seen we derive  -very little benfit from their  trade. Yet our citizens patronize them to some extent..  In regard to the different lines  of trade the Chinese operate in  Vancouver we will discuss them  separately^ The most important  is truck gardening, on which  they work on a large scale. We  have' only to take a car out to  Lulu Island to witness their energies along this line. They have  cultivated, acre after acre into  producing a most paying product  namely vegetables, fruits and garden truck of every variety. Not  only on Lulu Island are these  farms. situated, but you will see  large plots of ground in South  Vancouver also cultivated into  yielding paying produce. Why is  this important local-industry con-  PATRIOTIC MEETING  The Patriotic meetings usually  held in the Dominion Theatre  Sunday Evening at 8 p.m. by Mr.  John T. Stevens will be held as  usual next Sunday. It is hoped  that Dr. Charles Sarolea and  Miss Findlay. Belgian War correspondents who have this week;'  addressed the Canadain Clubs in  which case will speak.  The meeting will be held in the  Orpheum Theatre. Full particulars will be announced in the Saturday and Sunday^ morning  papery ������.  ".. <:  ^nd^Uo&fl-^uite ot the^lnwt Sotecte^C^o^  ������������������rs/:;///';y&*fW '/. k:  25 Royal Brown Worsted Suits  .X  $20.(XF;Value /.)  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������  iiiaf'  32 31ue Serge Suits, color and * f C AA  fit guaranteed, $21.00 value f*������J������ VII  27 Business Men's Blue Serge,  $25.00 Value ....'...'���������/... y..~.  10 Blue Suits, fine? stripe, very (OA Aft  stylish at ./... ,.':. f ������lf������VU  $21.00  25 Heavy Brown Worsted Suits, *t A A A  diagonal effect   .;'.. : f iiMIII  X i * - ��������� *  Special Showing of Straw and Panama Hats at  Special Prices for Holiday Makers.  SEE OUE WINDOWS A.ND BE CONVINCED.  - X.-.--"    .���������:'��������� c V- ���������-���������;������������������������������������������������������,.  WILSON & RICHMOND  THE PEOPLE^ CLOTHIERS  37 Hastings St; West Vancouver, B. C.  farmers? It is practically impossible for a white man to compete with them. Tbey have no  families tb support, and their  food^s of a simple variety. Think  of the happy homes and idle men  this industry could keep in employment if this industry were  controlled by white farmers. The  buying public must learn that it  is only to their own interest and  advantage to buy yirom farmers  pf their own nationality instead  of patronizing Chinese merchants  in hopes of receiving- more produce for their money than they  would receive from white farmers  or grocery stores in Vancouver.  Next in importance comes the  laundry problem. The Chinese  laundries throughout the city are  offering a stiff and serious opposition to our own laundries operated and owned by British subjects. In some cases a few laundries have had to close down on  account of the general falling off  of trade, and the opposition from  the Chinese laundries. Large  numbers of white girls are out  of employment. These Chinese  l.iundries employ nobody, but  Chinese workmen who work night  and day and for very low wages.  .Sometimes their sleeping quarters  are situated in the' upper Story  of the laundry. These quartrs are  generally over-crowded and unsanitary. There is,* as you seej  great danger in sending articles of  waring apparel to these Chinese  laundries on account of the unsanitary, condition which sometimes exist among them. Their  laundries are not as modern or  as sanitary as the laundries run  by British subjects ^ and they  have not so heavy expense in installing a plant as the; white laundries, a very prominent reason  why their prices are lower.  Some of Our leading citizens  employ Chinese help in preference to white help. This-condition  exists in many local oaf es^: restaurants and hotels. When just  the opposite course should ;be pursued and white help should be  given the preference iii every  instance. . ./XX X '���������'"'  _JM J^^xfeXDhin^  fore he is permitted to land must  furnish the head to'of five hundred dollars. But you'll find'on  investigating that most ^ of this  money is put up by local C&ihese  who have made their money in  Vancouver." : x:      _  The Chinese standard of morals, it is,well known, is very low.  They are in a great many ways  lowering the moral efficiency; of  the city. They are tryingin every  possible way to establish gambling and opium dens and if it  were not for our strong and efficient police force'the city would  have many of these places to  contend with.  If the buying public would only  ���������efuse to deal with every business,  conducted by Chinese and employers of Chinese ,then large  numbers of British subjects, now  out of employment, would find  positions ready for them. But this  matter rests entirely #rith the citizens of Vancouver to show their  loyalty and patriotism in the future by patronizing British subjects only.  Yours truly,  H.W.KIEVELL.  ln building the Panama Canal  the excavating work was enormous. It has . been estimated  that the earth taken out would  build a ^causeway around the  world' one yard high and four  and a half yards wide; or that  it would weigh, about eight times  the total of all ships in the world  over  one ' hundred tons burden.  Eighteen thousand mouth-or-  gans have been ordered, from an  American firm for the use of Brit-  isli; soldiers in the fields  Royal Standard  }  Is the Ideal Floor for Bafclog  The one sure way for a SUCCESSFUL  baking day is the use of ROYAL STANDARD  FLOUR. The name ROYAL STANDARD  stands for all that is BEST in the milling industry���������that's why it is sold under a strict  "money-back'' guarantee.  ROYAL STANDARD gives you more  loaves of bread to the sack than any other flour  ���������it is, therefore, the most economical. No  flour���������no matter what brand���������could possibly be  better. /  ORDER ROYAL STANDARD FROM YOUR  GROCER TO-DAY   '  See that the trade-mark is on the sack���������-_  that's your GUARANTEE.   You'll avoid all  baking troubles when your choice is ROYAL  STANDARD.   Try it and see.  v     At All Grocers  /    11  A A  < r V.  rfj  r      >  BRITISH COALITION CABINET  The personnel of the new British coalition  cabinet was announced this week by Premier  Asquith as follows: Prime Minister and First  Lord of the Treasury, Mr. Asquith; Minister  without portfolio, Lord Lqnsdowne; V Lord High  Chancellor, Sir Stanley O. Buckmaster; Lord President of the Council, Lord Crewe; Lord Privy  Seal, Lord Curzon, of Kedlestori; Chancellor of  State for Home Affairs, Sir John A. Simon;  Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Reginald Mc-  Kenna; Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs,  Sir Edward Grey; Secretary for the Colonies,  Mr. Andrew Bonar Law; Secretary for India,  Mr. J. Austen Chamberlain; Secretary of State  for War, Lord Kitchener; Minister of Munitions,  Mr.   David . Lloyd   George;   First Lord  of  the  Admiralty, Mr.-Arthur J. Balfour; President, of  the Board of Trade, Mr. Walter Runciman; President of the Local Government Board, Mr.  Walter Hume Long; Chancellor of the Duchy of  Lancaster, Mr. Winston Spencer Churchill; Chief /  Secretary for Ireland, Mr. Augustine -Birrell;  President of the Board of Agriculture, Lord Sel-  borne; First Commissioner of Works, Mr. Lewis  Harcourt; President of the Board of Education,  Mr. Arthur Henderson; Attorney-General, Sir  Edward Carson.  Sir John Redmond, the Nationalist leader,  was offered a seat on the cabinet, but for party  reasons declined. The new arrangement will  be of the utmost benefit in prosecuting the war  to a rapid conclusion. Mr. David Lloyd George,  perhaps the most untiring worker in Britain, is  associated with Lord Kitchener in the war department which means most competent help.   -  Custom Sboe Bepairing ... P. PAWS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE CO.  BEST SHOE REPAIRING Df THE CTT  Work Done WWle You Walt  Work Called for and Delivered.  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' and any Kind of Special Shoes Made  "    ���������-.'-' '"   to Order  64 HASTINGS STREET  W.   Next Columbia Theatre  Phone:   Seymour  1770. *.   VANCOUVER,  B.  C.  HUGE DAM BURST  FOB MOVING PICTURES  Canadian casualties officially reported and recorded up to May  27 total 5757. This includes 924  killed in action, 3616 wounded  and 1217 missing. All of the casualties of the Langemarck battle  are not yet in and they are still  coming from time to time. But  there are also casualties from the  more recent action near Festu-  bert, among these being numbered men -who formerly belonged  to the ; 23rd, 30th and 32nd battalions. These battalions crossed  to England in February and have  been used as reinforcements, together with men of the 9th. llth  and 17th.  Universal's Latest Thriller at the  Broadway Next^ Wwjs--0bar-  leg Chaplin Again Featured in  "The Champion."  One of the features for the  opening day at Universal City  was the bursting of a gigantic  dam which was released as a  scene- in Universal *s latest thriller entitled "The Torrent." Thousands of visitors journeyed to  Universal City at the invitation  of GeneraT Manager Carl Laem-  mle and were shown over the  most wonderful city in the world.  This picture is one of the features  of the Broadway's program next  week. It will appear on Wednesday and Thursday.; The comedy  end of the program is furnished  by the Nestor all .stara-in" "Almost a King."'.' The XUmversal  Weekly~shows"the^  tures and news of the world. The  drawing will be held on the same  evening,' so that it will furnish  a great big dimes' worth.  ��������� The opening show on Monday  and Tuesday will be-"The Champion,'^ with Charlie Chaplin. This  is a two-reel knockout in which  Charlie scores a number^, of  knockouts "and with his methods  should be equal to handling Jess  Willard. "The Gambler's I. O.  U.'' presents some wonderful  scenes and pleasing situations. A  beautiful educational reel is the  "Buried   City  in  Egypt."  The RIGHT PUCE for  Bedding Plants  Bedding    plants,  Celery and Cabbage Plants  Decorative Plants and Cut  Flowers V  fbe Right .Place wjwre yon  get the Right Plants at  the Right Price  PHONE  SEYMOUR 9086  Comer 15th and Main  Phone: Pair. 817  "BOUGH ON BAT8" clears out  rats, mice, etc.' Don't die in the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. t.f.  The report of a gun a mile  away takes five seconds to reach  the   ear.    *  ( The Man wbo doesn't put by a  bit from bis wages for himself  each pay day is an enemy to  himself.  W8 PAY  4 Per M on Oeposifs  Subject to Cheque  Credited Monthly  Reference���������Dunn's, Bradstreets,  or any Financial House^of repute  in Vancouver.  Dow, fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. W., Vancouver  and McKay Station, Burnaby  ANNA LITTLE  As Leonora MacDougall in "The Black  ��������� ' .J Box"  "The Black Box" will be  shown on Friday and Saturday  this being the fourth episode of  this wonderfully thrilling serial.  Many interesting scenes are presented, including a drop from a  signal tower to the top of a moving freight train by Quest, the detective. Pathe's British Gazette  shows a number of war scenes  from the base of operations in  France.  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  LIMITED  Public Work* Contractors  o  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  Phone Seymour 8171  STORE^ & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and  Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are'the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. .~,-.., <���������,  ^w^c^.Oiaw'&m������&������!wUtf^  THE WESTERN  CALL  A-^mm^i^AJ  \'-'.---^^^^mw  x^^  ��������� ���������   ,:.jmm,im  i  Friday, May 28, 1915  OUR NATIONAL BENEFACTION  (Continued from Page One)  able in monthly ��������� or quarterly instalments, covering the remainder of this  year, and even extending into 1916,  the sum already received will doubtless be increased by another  $1,500,000 before the end of  the current year. The efforts  of the executive of the Fund at present are not directed towards securing  additional subscriptions in communities that have already once generously  responded, but rather towards reaching  the 'few remaining communities of the  Dominion that as yet have assumed  no portion of the burden.  The central organization is the repository of all moneys collected in  the name of the Canadian Patriotic  Fund. Before the beginning of each  month the local Relief Committee  makes a calculation in round figures  of the amount which will probably  be required to enable it to persecute  its work during the coining month.  The amount is drawn from the central  treasury by requisition signed by the  local chairman or treasurer. At the  end of the month, a detailed stasement  is prepared on a standardized form and  sen tto the central office. This  "disbursement sheet," as it is called,  is carefully reviewed by an accountant under the supervision of the Auditor-General of Canada. The names  of tlie soldiers are checked to make  certain that they are still on* active  service. The amounts are rigidly inspected to satisfy the head office that  the local committee is neither lavish  nor niggardly in its expenditure The  cost of administration is investigated  aud kept down to.a reasonable level.  .'For tho information of any who may  imagine that large expenditure is entailed in the, handling of the Fund,  let it be stated that the combined  administration expenses of the head  office and branches does not at the  present time exceed the amount receiver as interest from the sums lying in  the banks to the credit of the Fund.  Hence each subscriber may feel that  every   dollar   he   contributes   reaches  - without impairment the dependent of  a soldier. Where a family has been  left in an outlyingv district far away  from a centre of population, it becomes the duty of the. head office to  discover some responsible person who  will act on its behalf in investigating  the case and id handling the assistance sent on its behalf.. What would  have:been "No'-Man's Land',' with ti-  large number of independeiit associa-  all-inelusive Dominion-wide Fund,  tions becomes the special care  of an  The head office dictates to no local branch. It i3 generally sufficient  to indicate how a difficulty has been  elsewhere overcome. During March  there was held in Ottawa a confer-  ence attended by the working seere,-  taries of the branch funds from Vancouver to Halifax. All the larger organizations, with one or two exceptions, were represented. Several days  were spent in helpful discussion. It  was remarkable to find how similar  had been the experience of these men  dealing at close range with many difficult problems and how completely they  were in agreement over the general  policy when questions came up for  discussion and determination. Today, if a soldier's family moves from  one city to another where there is a  branch of the Canadian Patriotic Fund,  it can be practically certain that the  treatment afforded in both would be  identical and that they will not suffer because of the change.  The Act governing the Fund does  not permit of sending money to the  dependents of soldiers where these fam-  ilis reside outside the Dominion, yet  quite a few British subjects from  other lands have enlisted in, Canadian  regiments. Their dependents naturally deserve consideration. To meet  this need there has been created a  system of exchanges with kindred' associations. The. family of a Canadian  soldier . left behind in England': will  be assisted by the Soldiers' and Sailors' Association, in case the Can*  **  adian separation allowance be insufficient for their support. Soldiers'  families resident in the Eastern Unit-  fSllfff  The  Telephone  The Advance Agent of  COMFORT ATO 00NVBW5N0U  Forms a closer union of Home,  Business and Friends.  !  ^JFor & Jiniited time, Business or__  Residence Telephones will be installed upon  payment   of  $5.00  Rental in advance.  ��������� For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  B. C. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  b  f  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 845  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavisfc, Prop.  ed States are cared for by the British  Imperial   Relief   Association   of   New  England, and if in the Central or  Western States, by the Canadian Society, of New York. A movement is  now on foot to form similar, committees at Buffalo, Detroit, Chicago, Minneapolis, and San Francisco. By special amendment to the Act of Incorporation, the famines ot Newfoundlanders enlisted in the Canadian naval  and military forces are assisted from  Canadian  sources.  The Act further describes who may  be helped from the Fund. The dependents of men engaged on active  service with the* military and. naval  forces of Great Britain or of her  allies- are ail, froni the standpoint of  the Fund, upon the same footing.  British army and naval reservists;  members of t the Canadian Overseas  Force; French, Belgian, Servian, and  Russian reservists are regarded as possessing an equal claim for consideration. The Canadian organization  works in harmony with the Imperial  Pensions Office at Ottawa, the French  and Belgian Consuls in Canada, and  the Paymaster-General of the Canadian Militia. During the recent session of Parliament, the powers of the  Fund were enlarged so as to permit  of temporary assistance being extended to widows during the period between death of the soldier and the  commencement of regular payments by  the Dominion Pension Board, and  also to families where the convalescent soldier had returned, but was  for the time being unable to work.  The local committee of each branch  of the Canadian Patriotic Fund exercises, within reasonable limits, full  authority in determining how much  assistance a family may receive. Its  first duty is to study local conditions  and formulate a subsistence scale  which represents the amount judged  sufficient to enable an average household to be maintained at the level of  decent living. It is taken for granted  that every family, whatever its previous-experience, is during the absence  of the soldier on service, entitled to  reach htis grade of comfort. In most  of our eastern cities the typieal'family, a woman with three children, aged  respectively twelve, eight and four���������  is considered as requiring for herself  one dollar a day, - and for the , children, according to age, twenty-five  cents, fifteen cents, and ten cents, a  total of $1.50 a day, or $45.00 a month.  Keeping this scale in view, the local  ReliefCommitt.ee proceeds to determine  what amount each separate family requires to bring it up to this level.  The first question always asked is  whether the soldier's family is in  need; that is to say, whether, if there  were no Patriotic Fund, the family  would fall blow tbe scale set by tbe  committee. If the income of the family, notwithstanding the absence of  the soldier, still equals or exceeds the  detremined scale, then that family  would not be regarded as in need,  and consequently, would have no valid  claim on the Fund. Were inquiry to  bring out the fact, however, that in  the absence of the soldier, the revenues of the family fell below forty-  five dollars a month, the Patriotic  Fund'would then be expected to make  up the-deficiency. t  The separation allowance granted by  the Canadian government amounts to  twenty dollars a. month. This is sent  directly from Ottawa to the wife of  each enlisted soldier and to the widowed mother where her: absent 'son  has been her sole support. When reckoning what a family should receive  from the Fund this separation allowance is deducted from the living scale,  together with any other revenues that  the family in the soldier's absence continues to receive. What the soldier  may send home, saved from his daily  pay, is not by the Fund taken into  consideration. Nor is it deemed advisable for a woman with children to  go out to work, leaving the little ones  to be cared for by others. It were  abetter that she should remain at home,  even though the payment of the Fund  might otherwise be' reduced to the extent   of   her   earnings.  Sometimes it is stated that a soldier's family is being better provided for during his absence than, when  the husband was at home. Such instances doubtless occur, but they are  not numerous.' Even where the allegation is true, it does hot necessarily  create just ground for criticism. "Bill  Smith's wife" and her children may  have had a trying time for several  winters, and her husband may not have  been regarded as one of the foremost  citizens of the town in which they  live; but when he enlists and becomes  a member of the Canadian Expeditionary Force and does duty faithfully by  King . and country, Mrs. William  Smith's position in life advances accordingly, and she is entitled to live  in reasonable comfort. !>  The average amount granted a soldier's family varies according to the  class to which he belongs and to ^the  locality where his family resides. It  is taken for granted that all soldiers'  families within a given district are  entitled to adopt a like scale of living.       The   amount,   therefore,     that  tliey may receive from the" Fund will  be larger or smaller according to the  deductions made on account Of ; revenues from other sources. A Belgian  household as, a rule draws more from,  the Fund than that of any other  class. Their monthly stipend runs  from thirty to forty dollars, for there  are practically no deductions from the  scale, since the Belgian government  can pay no separation allowance. The  families of French reservists rank .next  in -amount. Their government allows  them about two-fifths of what is required according to our scale. The  British reservist receives from the Imperial Pension Office from fifteen to  twenty dollars a month according to  the size of his family, and these fam-  ilies usually come upon the fund as  well to 'the extent of twenty or twenty-  five dollars a month. The families of  Canadian,, volunteers, who, of course,  constitute by far the greater part of  the beneficiaries of the Fund, ordinarily receive in Eastern Canada from  sixteen to eighteen dollars a month.  This comparatively small amount is due  to the fact that the families are not  large, as most of the men who have  enlisted in Canadian regiments are  comparatively young. In the western  provinces the rates allowed are about  twenty per cent, higher than in the  eastern, since the cost of living, especially in winter, is greater on the  prairies and in the mountains than in  the older settled parts of Canada. During February' $218,043.72 was drawn  out by 11,098 families, or an average of $19.75 to. each family.  The Patriotic Fund is not a charity  and ought not to be regarded as such.  Every loyal Canadian to-day should  ask himself,/'Shall I fight or pay?"  If he cannot do the former, he should  try to do the latter tb the extent  of his ability.. Let it be remembered that the soldier's wife must give  her consent before her husband may  go to the front. She knowingly  agrees to take the risk of becoming  a widow or having an invalid husband to look after for the rest of her  life. True, the Canadian Government  will, if she becomes a widow, grant  her a pension or, if her husband become disabled, he will receive an allowance according to the extent of his  disability; but the maximum in either  case will furnish but a bare subsist  ence. The men may be the heroes,  but the martyrs of this war are likely  to be the women, and their sacrifice  should be valued accordingly. In a  few cases where local committees have  undertaken to spend "their own funds  in their own way" there has been a  tendency to treat the soldier's wife  in the same way as the down-and-outs  of the town, giving them clothes, groceries, or coal in .small amounts and  making them feel that they are objects of charity. Against this attitude on the part of these organizations, happily few in number, ,the  Canadian Patriotic Fund has always  strongly protested, The national organization insists that local relief of the  unemployed be kept .wholly separate  from supplementary assistance rendered the soldiers' wives; those of the  former class may be the recipients of  charity, the latter are but permitting  the man who stays at home to take  the place financially of the one who  fights. ".    ~"  In some of. our cities, notably Montreal and St. John, the work of a  Woman's Auxiliary has been one of  the finest features of the service. In  the former/city six hundred ladies,  under the skilful generalship of Miss  Helen R. Y. Reid, have undertaken  to visit periodically the 3,000 families  leceiving aid from the Patriotic Fund.  Each j ward has its ward-head, with as  many assistant visitors as may be required, allowing usually five families  to every visitor. Cheques' are sent  out by the local treasurer every fortnight, and shortly after that date the  lady visitor calls to ascertain whether  "the dividend" has arrived and whether all is well in the soldier's home.  Bonds of sympathy and friendship  have been formed between visitor and  visited to the lasting benefit of both.  Indeed, it is difficult ito determine  which has been helped to the greater  extent by this mutual contact.  V A -       -, <*  At this time we have no means of  knowing how long.the war may continue. It may require many months  of frightful slaughter before final victory is achieved. Canada will probably be called upon to send '' men,  more men, and yet more men'' to the  front. At the. outset of the war the  proportion of married men among those  who enlisted was but as one to four.  With heavier calls on the Canadian-  born, this percentage is certain to increase in later contingents. The  monthly drain upon the fund has already nearly reached $250,000. True,  there has been formed a considerable reserve, but such a precaution. is  but common prudence. The work of  organization on the part of the Can  adian Patriotic Fund must continue un  til there remains not a city, town or  village- in Canada that has failed to  contribute to the extent of' its ability for the soldier's dependents, while  he risks all in defence of our common  heritage.  &*,���������������,&���������&  Your Part  \  rpHE Printing require-  A ments on your part  may be few or many, but  they, nevertheless, are important to you. A man  is very often judged by  the neatness or fitness of  the clothes he wears; so a  business house is often  judged by the stationery  or the Printing they use.  Our Part  TF entrusted, with your  order, on our part we  will give you the style, fit-  ness and finish that you  desire to make your stationery or printing a credit  to you.  JlHIi tbat ah extensive  **��������� printing plant, up-to-  date machinery and expert  workmen can do, is at your  disposal; and no printing  house in Vancouver is better  equipped to turn out:_ any-,  thing in the line of printing  that you may need, whether  large or small, or that can  give you better service.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY  T^^rf^?** iy^f^Ej^������L^ji-L^  -^.-JSV'^r*--;: gy;-.' Friday, May 28, 1915  'x&$^n^  ��������� ���������> Li      ,-,  THE WESTERN  CALL  T^  SPORTING COMMENT  The  first game  of the  Minto  (Cup series was "played on Mon-  [day   at   New   Westminster,   and  [as usual  resulted in a win  for  [the   Salmonbellies  by  the   overwhelming  score  of 13  goals to  16.' The  play   in   the   first   two  [quarters  was   fairly,, even,   then  [the Vancouver defence crumbled  and   the   gathering   of   the   red  [shirts    in    the    third    quarter  amounted to   six   goals.   Three  things contributed to the victory  of the Salmonbellies. First, their  superior condition;  second,  perfect knowledge of each other's  play; and thirdly, staying on the  field. The Minto Cup holders, no  doubt, are heavy checkers,  and  on this account the green shirts  are liable to take offence very of-  ten, but the playing qualities of  the New Westminster boys are  well  known, .\.' and if  Vancouver  hopes to have a look in on the  championship they must stay on  the  field  and play  lacrosse  instead of decorating the fence, as  in Monday's game. The free fight  in the third quarter was, perhaps,  directly responsible for the com  plete rout of the Vancouver team.  /-.Griffiths, in his old time way, got  a twenty minute  penalty,    and,  young McLaren, ihe centre, in a  spirit of bravado, had to jump in  the melee, with the result that he  too was benched. We jknow' all  about Griffiths, we are' of opinion that his playing.days    were  done several seasons ago, when  he,was being constantly benched,  but for McLaren we have no such  feeling. He is a young player  who ought to exercise a little  more common sense when on the  field. If he does he will* prove a  valuable player on the team. If  he does not he will be a serious  drawback and Manager Jones  should see to it that the boys  play the game and let the referee  look after the trouble makers on  the other side.  The lineup of the game on  Monday was somewhat of a surprise to; a good many of the foi  lowers of the game. Gibbons lost  the job in the nets to the Victoria boy, and the defence was  somewhat twisted. Griffiths at  point, West, cover point, Pickering first defence, Murray second  and Painter third; McLaren, centre; Peacock, Allan, Crookall, Davis and Bryhjolfsen. The lineup  of the red shirts was the same  as that of former years with the  exception of Len Turnbull, who  has yet showed no sign 6f getting into shape for the season.  Jack Gifford is the new player  in the lineup and he made good  all the way through, getting several goals during the game. The  next game will be played in  Vancouver on Saturday of this  week, and there promises to be  a very lively time. Vancouver will  Don't Procrastinate���������Plant Soon  \ The British Columbia Apples, in a world competition, captured the  Gold Medal Prize. This means, that the B. C. orchards -will lead the wortd.  A  word to the wise  is  sufficient.  We are offering choice varieties of our one year old apple tree stock  at Ten Dollars per 100; two and three year old stock reduced accordingly.  Our other fruit tree stock and general nursery stock we give 30 per cent, off  catalogue price, allowed in additional stock. Cash to accompany order.  ' In our stock of oyer $100,000 we have everything you want' to make  your orchards greater-and your gardens more beautiful. Catalogues mailed  free on application.  Patronize borne growers, and build up a home pay roll.  aROYAL HUR8ERI*ES, UNITE*  Head Office, 710Vj>onm������ion Bldg., 207 Hastings 8& W. Pbone, Sey. 6556  Store, 24X0 Oranvllle St., Phone, Bay. 1926   ,  Nurseries and Greenhouses, Royal, on tbe B. O. E. By. Eburne Branch,  Pbone, Bburae 43  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in 4esign.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada,  Taylor-Forbes Co*  LIMITED  Vancouver, 3. C.  have several changes in the lineup for this game. McCuaig, who  has been suffering from a ^ bad  hand for some weeks, will'be  back in the lineup and the papers are wondering who will get  the gun on the defence to make  room for him. It is the opinion  freely expressed that Griffiths  should be the man to be let out  and devote his time to coaching  from the side. Move Painter back  to point and put McCuaig in the  field, it would add speed and endurance to the team, something  lacking in Monday's game. On  the home end of the team the two  eastern imports, Donihee and  Roberts will be seen in action.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Con Jones is after one or more  eastern players to bolster up his  team. Fred Stagg, of Toronto, a  first class defence man, is slated  for one position, and the manager is scouting for another player of calibre also to make the  team fit for a good season. Now,  Con, old boy, just you get your  hooks on Newsy, and he will be  the original come back to throw  a scare into the camp of the Salmonbellies. With Newsy and Fitzgerald and the other players in  town the cup might be pried  away from New Westminster for  a season or two. Otherwise, well,  it has not got the appearance of  leaving home for a while yet.  ' ���������"������������������   V*   -.������������������'   ':���������"'  New Westminster senior amateurs went to Victoria on the holiday and got away with a win  over the capitals in the amateur  league. The game was a splendid  one all the way through, and the  visitors had to work for all they  were worth to come out on top;  Bob Springer, formerly of Vancouver, is in charge of the Victoria boys this year, and he promises some real surprises ere the  season is far advanced. Victoria always has had a good  team, and with the benefit of the  coaching ability of Springer, they  should develop into a very strong  aggregation this year.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Aberdeen ball team is here this  week for a series with the Beavers. Among the visiting team are  seVeval ex-Beaver players, Pug  Bennett, Ed. Kippert, Geo. Engle,  and Jimmy Clarke and they are  all doing their share towards  bringing their town to the front  in the league race. The series so  far has been in favor of the lo  cals, but some good ball is be  ing dished up in spite of the unfavorable weather, and.it looks as  if the Beavers might get to' the  top of the ladder with a game or  two to the good before heir home  series comes to an end.  ���������������������������'���������'   ..     - "'*. '������������������"   #  Frank Pan-i^au and Tex Foster  boxed twenty rounds at Coquitlam on Victoria Day, and the  former was awarded the decision.  Coquitlam is still in the swaddling stage regarding prizei fight  ing and what the eity fathers  of Vancouver prevented was  .switched to the railroad town. It  is said that Barrieau had the  colored man in trouble all the  way ihrrtigh, and the fight fan..,  which were many, got their  money's worth.  SUBMARINE VERSUS  DESTROYERS  In discussing the question as  to whether the popularity of destroyers is likely to want,to the  point at which they will be no  longer built in their present form,  there are more factors to be  weighed than some of their  champions appear to remember.  The flame from the funnels of  a fast travelling oil or coal burning destroyer has never been  sufficiently suppressed by any device to prevent it handicapping  her on most occasions in a night  attack at sea, carried out under  conditions approximating to those  that exist during war. This handicap is still to be found in our  destroyer flotillas. But if'the submarine can be given a surface  speed sufficient to enable her to  make a surface torpedo attack on  a battle fleet and to operate, generally with squadrons on the sea,  in all but very bad weather, then  there appears to be little reason  Why the destroyer should not be  relieved of night attacks, since  there are no tell-tale flames to  '������������������ give away" attacking submarines during long approaches, and  she would thus be the better craft  for this offensive function. The  present defensive duties of destroyers will, so far as can be seen,  pass by a process of evolution to  the new type of cruiser, with  certain armour protection, which  is being evolved by ourselves arid  by Germany. We are certainly  building fewer destroyers this  year if our Navy Estimates are  to be taken as any guide, and in  all probability we shall presently  find a large . number of light  cruisers added to our fleet. But  a new type of destroyer will  apparently be needed to protect  our fleet against submarines,  which  is work they have  HEATING EconoTura,,iSloliolc,ency���������  Our Business has been built up bv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer St. Sey. 661  ���������Vi _.   r   * 1  XX  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture ITanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kafeomtaing  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver. B.C.  "SO GOOD" IS  4X BREAD  \  . It's so good that thousands of good housewives  daily shift the burden of baking Bread on our shoulders.    Home made on a big scale. That's 4X.  Phone Fair. 44 for Shelly's 4X  UNSINKABLE CONSTRUCTION  doing excellently well.���������Canadian  Military Gazette.  Every ocean disaster brings reflections on the delusive hope of  an unsinkable ship. Ships must  be of steel, which cannot be made  unsinkable, but it is possible to  beer^ construct vessels that will survive  a great amount of injury below  Enquiries having been made in  regard to postage stamps being  used for the prepayment of war  .duties on bank, cheques, bills of  exchange, promissory notes, ex  press money orders, proprietary  or patent medicines, perfumery,  wines, Or champagne, as well as  upon letters and postcards, postal notes and "post office money  orders, notice is hereby given  that this use of. postage stamps  is in strict accordance with the  provisions of the special "War  Revenue Act, 1915, which provides that postage stamps may  be in lieu of Inland Revenue  War Stamps in fulfilment and  discharge of any requirements  under Xthex Act V: that _1 adhesive,  stamps be affixed.    ���������  The pubic is at liberty at all  times, to use postage stamps for  any purpose . for which Inland  Revenue War stamps may be  used, but it is especially provided in the Act that Inland Revenue War stamps are not to be  used on letters, postcards, postal  notes or Post Office money orders,  the only stamps allowed on these  being ordinary postage stamps or  postage stamps upon which the  words "War Tax" have been  printed.  their water lines. The first difficulty is with the travelling public.   A vessel designed to  survive serious external injury by  collision or torpedo, and, on account of such design, in subjecting passengers to inconvenience,  and requiring higher proportionate   rates,  would   have   a  poor  chance in competition with vessels designed primarily for comfort and financial economy, taking the ordinary risks oi ocean  travel.   As to  means  of safety,  the simplest is the division of a  ship   into   watertight   compartments.     This makes her a number of ships instead of one. If  her bow is smashed by a collision, only the forward compartment fills, and the others keep  her afloat.   An injury to her side  fills only the compartment broken into.     But the doors in the  compartment walls are almost invariably open for conveniences or  ventilation.      When  the N sudden  need arises they fall. It is said  that the Titanic's side was ripped by the iceberg, opening a  sufficient   number   of   compartments   to   sink   her.   Permanent  blank  wall  divisions would  increase the expense and inconvenience of operating, but would afford a greater measure of safety  iu case of accident or injury.  HASTINGS STREET LOOKING EAST  Advices to the Hon. the Minister of Lands from Vancouver  district states that logging operations are progressing. There are  not so many big camps as in previous years, but more small ones.  The scale in March was 45 million, including bolts, as compared  with 32 million during the same  month of last year, and the record of April will exceed that of  the same month last year. In Fraser river valley settlers are very  active. Land clearing parties can  be seen on nearly every section,  and there has not been a time  when such an amount of activity  has been previously shown.  What, is said to be the highest commercial railroad in the  world is the recently constructed  line between the Mulato River  in Chile and Potosi, Bolivia,  which crosses the summit of the  Andes at a point 15,000 feet  above sea level. The line connecting .Argentina and Chile  reaches almost as great a height.  An English company now proposes to build a road connecting  Mexico City and Puebla, a volcano having its summit 17,500  feet above sea level.  A construction plan not yet  fully developed may roughly be  described as that of the inverted  pail.   A tin or iron pail will float  as well bottom up as in ita or-i  dinary position. An inverted din- .  ner plate  will float.   Wreckers  can raise a vessel with the bottom completely stove by closing  the hatches and other openings  and forcing out the water. hy  pumping in air. The air trapped  below the deck prevents the water from entering farther through  the stove bottom. The vessel is as  a pail floating inverted. Compartments tight above to keep the air  from escaping would be quite as  effective  in  keeping   the   vessel  afloat as compartments tight below to keep the water from entering. This is a principle of unsinkable   construction   that   can  and doubtless will be more fully  worked out by naval architects  in   future.   Such   compartments  would be traps, and life could not  long be sustained in them.       A  vessel thus supported would have  little   stability,   and   her   upper  works might capsize her if she  took a heavy list. But it should  be quite feasible to" design liners  so that compartments would form  a series of air traps with sufficient   buoyancy   to   keep   them  afloat by offering resistance to an  inrush of water.���������Globe.  A porcelain tea cup, cream  jug and two cups and saucers,  once the property of Edmund  Burke, the orator and author;  were sold in London recently  for $7,600.  Now is the  Time  to Buy  GARDEN  HOSE  ������ We have a special Sale of Hose on now.  Regular $5.50 for  -  $4.75  Regular $5.00 for  -   $4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.     Phone us your order.   We make prompt delivery.  W. R. Owen J Morrison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  <v|  1   ,1 -^.Is1- ;������-'���������_. : -. ^j*an:-  ���������**- '   J JI,-* t'- _w,,JE.������3���������-' '!._.'     .L^iUtft    l%   L_   ������*i   l--������.u.������-*.4W*_j*,i.d_,_rfi.wi*w������������i.,=P^i_S--r.-J���������f  JS  "_,_i_|fc, fc_j j,__  ."*44-'���������^���������.^^^���������.^���������~*=*^  it<������su44H������i������i^)tA>rj-rA������_>fn>������->^  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, May 28, 1915  SOCIAL AND PERSONAL  Hon. W. J. Bowser will address a meeting of the "Vancou;  ver Socialists in the Avenue theatre this evening on the subject  of the proposed Workmen's Compensation Act.  ��������� #   #  Col. A. D. McRae, of Vancouver, B. C, who has been in charge  of the remount purchasing agency  west of. the lakes, left for England this week to take charge of  the remount depot for the Canadian divisions.   -  ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������������������������  Captain Halley, R.N.R., who  was in, command of. the C. P. R.  liner Empress of India during her  commercial days, and subsequently as a transport and hospital  ship, is now in. command of the  C. P. R. liner Lake Manitoba,  plying on the Atlantic run.  ��������� "������������������������������������  At the British Columbia Conference of the Methodist church,  held at New Westminster this  week, an invitation was received  from Mount Pleasant Methodist  church to hold the conference in  that church next year, and the  invitation was accepted.  "���������''���������?   * ."*  The,; Red Cross Society of the  city jiave extended "sock day"  until the end of the week. Between 4000 and 5000 pairs already have been contributed, but  the urgent cry is for more. Attention is again called by the  committee to the fact that socks  should be washed before being  sent in./ Headquarters are at the  Dominion  building  on  Hastings  street.  ��������� ���������   ��������� ,  The Mt. Pleasant Dramatic Society presented a trio of comedy  sketches under the auspices of  the Women's Guild of Mt. Pleasant^ Presbyterian church in the  school hall on Friday last to a  very large audience. The dramatic  society's efforts were fully up to  the standard already established  by them and the large audience  thoroughly appreciated the entertainment.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Reeve Gold, of South Vancouver, has brought suit for libel  against Mr. Geo. Murray,' editor  of the Chinook. It is stated that  the latter charged the reeve with  insulting the British flag at a recent council meeting. Joe Martin is counsel for the defendant.  ��������� ���������'���������   ���������  SUSTAINED THE  CALL  the home of Mrs. L. R. Bridgman,  192 12th Ave. West, on Monday  next to sew for the soldiers.  SAVED VANCOUVER  BOY'S   LIFE  The presbytery of Westminster  at a special meeting held at  Eburne yesterday afternoon, sustained the call of Mount Pleasant  Presbyterian congregation to Rev.  A. E. Mitchell, of Prince Albert,  Sask., and the call will be forwarded to the Prince Albert presbytery for further consideration  before it is presented to Mr.-Mitchell. It is understood from this  end that the Prince Albert people  are making a determined effort  to hold Mr. Mitchell, and if local Presbyterians are fortunate  enough to secure him, he, no  doubt, will be a splendid reinforcement to the Presbyterian denomination in this city.  .���������.���������'���������;..���������'.  * ��������� . '"     ' X  Many people in this coinmiinity  will hear With interest that the  inmates of the Old People's home  will today be moved to their new  quarters in Hastings. There are  about thirty inmates of the home  and already fifteen new applications have been made for quarters. The old home on Cambie  street, has been the cause of  much discussion of recent years,  and the announcement of the removal to new quarters will be  greeted with joy.  ���������   *   ���������  The Silver Cross Circle of the  King's  Daughters  will - meet  at  A visitor at the Western Call  office a few weeks ago picked  up a copy of "Rod and Gun,"  and addressed it to his son at  the front. During the ' battle of Langemarck a bullet  struck the magazine' and ���������. was  deflected. Without this guard another name would have been added to the Vancouver boy's roll  of honor.and another home would  have mourned and gloried over a  son slain in his country's defence.  As it is they rejoice with trembling over his remarkable preservation.   ; _i_  "KILLED IN ACTION"  PROFESSOR ODLUM ON  THE "EASTERN CRISIS"  I  GO to your dealer tocfoy  an4 ask to see the vari-  ows styles of l^eckie Shoes,  Step into a pair mi note tbe real comfort. Comfort  and wearing, qualities have always been first considerations in the manufacture of LECKIE SHOES  ���������they are honestly built.       '  Th������������ acaln������������������every penny you pay  for LJB30KIB SHOES is kept In Brft-  fch CoIiwrtWa to keep tbe wtoeele ������f  Industry fcuraratof���������to keep payroll  _���������?*>?_*. -_       -- - -^-   Why buy foreign made shoe* whan  juECKIB SHOES are 8WPTOR ������*d  cost no more? You'U find LECKIE  SHOES the beat lOioe Umstment you  ever mode.  (22*M_E&a_^^  I  L  BROWNE & BEATON  Chemists  6  Druggists  Main and Pender Sts.       TWO      Davie & Granville Sts.  Phone: 8ey. 293 STORES        Phone: Say. 3630  A three-months' subscription to the Western Call will be  given FREE to all customers presenting this ad. and making  a purchase of SO cents or more. This offer is good at either of our two stores.  ���������     Bring, her to the coolest and sweetest place in town for a quiet  chat, and a dish of our famous Velvet Ice Cream.  PRIVATE BOXES  THAT NEW STORE  The above three words were  the substance of a message.in the  press on Tuesday morning regarding the death of Charles Alfred Moodie, Lce.-Sergt^ in the  Seventh Battalion, who was killed on April 24th. Sgt. Moodie  was one of the best known and  most highly respected young men  of Mount Pleasant; the only son  of Mr. and Mrs. Moodie, of 3101  Main street.  Charlie, as he was known to  all the young, people of this community, was one of the cleanest  lads in the city, square and upright in all'things, a. gentleman  every inch, and he will be sadly  missed by his many friends.,, He  was a consistent and regular attendant of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church, arid was associated  with the Y.P.S.C.E of. that denomination. He was a drug clerk  by profession and previousi to going to the front with the first  contingent was employed at, Powell River. He was 24 years of  age, born in Chatham, Ont., and  was a member of the I.O.O.P.  There is no greater way in which  a young man of the qualities,of  Charlie Moodie can best fulfil Jais  mission in the world than the way  he did. He died as he had lived,  a men devoted to duty, aiid in his  demise passes out one of Vancouver's most' promising young  men. To his parents and sister  the sympathy of the community  is extended, with the knowledge  that .with them mourns the whole  of Canada, and the knowledge  that in this awful war the empire  is giving of her bravest and best.  In connection- with the above  notice a memorial service will be  conducted by Dr. G. C. Pidgeon  in Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian  church on Sunday evening next.  The following -verses,L written  by an acquaintance of deceased,  -Mr. W. A. Ellis, have been handed to the Call for publication:  THE LIGHT OF TEE WORW>  What is that shining across the border?  Seen in the shade as the day grew dim  Bringing faint hope to the dying soldier ' ,  Soothing   his   soul   like   an   evening  hymn, \  Parched  are the  lips,  the  poor worn  body7  Smarts with the wounds of that awful fight  Words will not come, but his eyes are  settled.  Fixed    on   the   borderland    one   dim  light.  Racked   with   his   pain   the   lips   are  .twitching,  Yet the dull eyes never turned away  Nearer and nearer then came a vision  Changing  the   night" to  eternal  day,  From    the    dry    lips    came    a    tiny  whisper,  To the dull eyes came a look so bright  Pain chased away, a smile remaineth  Clearer  and   closer  he  saw  the  light,  The Sister who heard the last faint  whisper  Gently his eyelids closed for aye,  She knew that his soul on its final  journey,  Had some Ohe to help it upon its way,  '' What did he whisper? "the doctor asked her,  '' Light!'' she replied, and her eyes  were moist,  "Yes,'? he replied, "in these awful  battles,  "We still have a light, and that Light  was Christ." X  Lee Building.  Oft Broadway near Main  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  Wrecked by an explosion was  the word that came over the  wires last night from Sheerness,  Eng, of an 'accident to the new  C. P. R. coast steamship, the  Princess Irene. The boat was  but recently completed and had  been taken over by the admiralty  for a short period. All of the  crew of over 300 were lost in  the  explosion.  I have seen many comments on  the course Japan has pursued  towards China- Many of these  comments' suggested that Japan  is not loyal to treaty obligations,  and to her promises openly and  voluntarily made since the great  European .war started. Many  seem to imagine that Japan has  decided that this is an opportune  time to push unduly her interests  in China to the disadvantage of  the Celestials, as well as to the  trade injury of other nations.  Now, I claim to know the true  Japanese spirit more thoroughly  than the majority of the' newspaper writers of this continent;  and assert .that no nation on earth  is more loyal to treaty obligation  than is Japan. Furthermore in  the demands she has been making  upon China she has not been aiming at Chinese hurt, but has effectively wrought for her good,]  and in the higher iuterests of  Asiatic civilization. In her demands, Japan is in perfect accord  with Great Britain. Both these  empires have one common and  far-reaching business in \haud;  and that is to tie up the savage;  war-mad country known as Germany. Japan is not after China,  but is putting the clamps on the  swelled, head of the Kaiser���������  " anti-Christ." ^  This huge, brute nation, during  the past twenty years, managed  to get full possession of. Austria  and Turkey, and got a strong  grip on Holland, Argentine,/ the  United States and China. This  fact Japan was cognizant of,  and determined to act in her "usual vigorous arid effective manner. So she proceeded to drive  the so-called Teuton out of K������a  Chou and Tsing Tau. And having  done this worthy and necessary  act, she at once undertook a far  more necessitous and heavy labor. This was to kill German influence in China, and to release  the Mongolian peoples^ from the  yoke and thraldom of the Huns  who had already got a very tight  grip onN their national life.  And in spite of the newspaper  vermin of Germany in Europe,  and elsewhere, Japan continued  on her laudable course until Yun  Shi Kai, and all the others who  stood in the way were made to  get down on their marrow bones,  and throw up their hands in submission. The sensible and properly instructed readers of current  events, know that in this successful act of Japan, Germany .has  fallen into the mud of utter failure. She is terribly goaded to  know- that the Oriental Japan  has humbled the much vaunted  and boasting X&ceidental Germany.  The press may write^he Germans may howl, V the haters of  Britain and Japan may scribble  and squeak, but the two island  empires are attending to China,  Asia, and the war-macl Kaiser,  the most brutal murderer of this  or any age. Iigter,^onXh^AUies  in Berlin will have the awful  duty to perform, viz., that of  hanging him as a murderer of the  innocent.  Britain sent Napoleon to the  Rock Portress for life. She soon  will have in hand a monster be  side whom Napoleon was a gentleman. If Britain wisely hangs  her own citizens when they commit murder, surely she should  hang the foreign murderer of her  innocent citizens. . This is a  duty also devolving upon France  and Russia.  The Kaiser is playing for  peace and has a lot of fool women, whining about peace, now at  The Hague. They- are prating  like simpletons, and are unworthy of attention. This is no  time to talk peace. We, the Allies, must continue our way to  Berlin^ When there we shall dictate terms in spite of the silly  peace lovers, who are so through  ignorance, or religious craze, or  through being sent on .that er-;  rand by Germany; and the friends  of that arch-fiend the Kaiser, and  his brood of .demon-possessed advisers.  We \vant a peace that will  stick for a long time. No peace  that Germany will tear to ribbons  and pronounce a "scrap of paper" in a few short years. This  will be a peace of sane strong  men, and not of whimpering unbalanced women, and wily unprincipled diplomats.  BROADWAY  THEATRE  114 Broadway, Near Main.  F. H. GOW, M.gr.  FEATURES FOR WEEK OF MAT 31  Monday and Tuesday-  Charles Chaplin in "The Champion."  Te Gambler's I. O. IL  Buried City in Eg^pt (Educational).      X  Wednesday and Thursday���������  "The Torrent."  Almost a King. "  Drawing, Wednesday, 8.30 p.m.  Friday and Saturday���������  [(universal:  Bs���������_ka_a '  Eddie's Awful Predicament.  Pathe's British Weekly.  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MINING  BEGULATIONS  Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, President of the C P. R., has gone  to Europe. He expressed the opinion before sailing that the United  States would not enter the war.  Goal mining rights of the Domin-  on, V in Manitoba* Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Tukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may be leased for a term, of  twenty-one years at an annual rental  of $1 an acre. Not more than 2,560  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person ,to  the V Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must  be described by sections, or legal  sub-divisions������ of sections, and in un-  surveyeda territory the tract applied  for shall (be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the -merchantable output Nof the mine at the  rate of five cents-per ton.  -T The person operating the mice shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty; thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not" being operated, such returns should be furnished at least  once a  year.   ,;���������  The lease will ^include the coal mining rights _pnly, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered  necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application  should be made to the'Secretary, Ot-  the V Department   of   the*-Interior,   Ot  tawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  bf Dominion  Lands.  ; XrXw. cory, -   ���������'".';  Deputy Minister   of the  Interior..  N.B.���������Unauthorized    publication,   of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782.  "Book-keeping and Shorthand  made easy"  Taught   rapidly  and  efficiently  by  James Black, Certified Teacher of  Commercial Subjects  Phone:  Fair.  1630L. or write 828  15tK Ave. West  Terms, on   Application.      Private  instruction by arrangement.  JCingiway Market  At 8th Avenue  lave snd Pressed Poultry, Rabbits and Pidgeons.  Potatoes, per sack 90c  ��������� TWtl���������     "*W      *99}*f**f     *jj*9***r^+r'*f*>4T  Q. A. SBA3PI5. Prop.  French l-esaom  Given by  A Certified Parisian Teacher  Classes forming now. New and,  easy Method  25c per lesson  Studio: 641 Granville St.  Private Lessons by Arrangement  SHEET MUSIC SALE  All  40c,   50c and 60c Music  2 COPIES FOB 5c  Latest  Songs,  Waltzes,  Marches,  Two  Steps, Classical-and Modern Music,  Everything   goes.  ^ COWAN'S MUSIC STOBE  250 Kingsway,  near  8th Ave.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Cepertey^ Rowisefell & Co. Uroited  ,//   INVJISTMENTS and INSURANCE  Government,  Municipal  and  Corporation  Bonds   (Canadian),  yielding  'from   5   per   cent,   to   7   per   cent. *  /Rents and Mortgage Interests Collected. N  Investments made on First Mortgage and Estates managed under pet-  '!'.'   sonal supervision.        XX  insurauceXFire',    Iafe,    Accident,    Marine,    Automobile,    Employers'  . Liability.  .  Mplson's Sank Building 543 Hastings St.. West  WHEN BUYING  BREAD  -" .. ���������  you avoid all difficulties by\asking for "Dominion" Bread.  You take no chances whatever. Thousands of. satisfied customers can attest to its high quality and food value. That  rich nutty flavor that can only result from righ-grade <flour  scientifically mixed and baked in modern, up-to-date. machinery and bake-ovens, can be easily obtained by making  OUR Bread YOUR bread. With warm weather approaching the kitchen stove will be used as little as possible.  The great out-of-doors' appeals to everyone. Nature will  furnish most of the heat required. Very few housekeepers have decided on summer baking. But bread is something every home must have. The problem is where to get  the best. Let us help you solve it. Ask your grocer for a;  loaf or phone up Fair. 872 and have our wagon call.  The Dominion Bakery  GIFFIN AND McDONALD, Props.  ->1  C&t&pezju XTTPfrt ^ -u-  m*9M*m

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