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BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Call 1915-06-18

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 issssnaa^ji^asa  ^y(_ ��������� /^    "f *. If      * 1    j*  *��������� -'���������*������'������  ',',\;ttiVi' ,* >r'X'*-..-  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  VOLUME VII.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,       FRIDAY. JUNE 18, 1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 6'  THE CRISIS IN B. C. PAMPHLET  IN OUR LAST WEEK'S ISSUE we dealt with  some of the gross misrepresentations contain-  ^     ed in this "essay," and purpose this week to  examine a few more- v ,  We have already stated time and again in  these columns that we did not agree with the  method in vogue in B. C. since Confederation  of dealing with the public domain, and that  we considered the laws to be susceptible of fraud  by unscrupulous persons, and have frequently  advised other means, but it must be admitted  .by any sane pei\son that it is an economic  question and not, a spiritual or moral  one.  The writers of. this pamphlet when introducing it to the public, characterized all who support the present government as "emissaries of  hell" which'language is highly suited-to the  pulpit, but would cause a mild sensation if. used  by a politician. It should be borne in mind  that it is an economic problem and should be  dealt with as such.  Then, further, remember that the Provincial  Government has already taken definite steps to  remedy the conditions complained of.  To-continue our examination of this little  '' essay.'' On page seven, the reverend writers  are made to say by "Moses," who leads them  "by a couple of legal devices they (the government) open the door to the popst gigantic  frauds,'' they then- quote an extract from the  B. C. Statutes of 1907, "land may be staked pr  located by an agent under this section." Then  follows a long argument seeking to prove that  this clause is responsible for all speculative  land staking, and insinuating that the government purposely designed it to defraud the  people- To sustain their argument the reverend  v gentlemen cite a decision of the supreme court  of Canada and the Appelate Court of B. C.  By a subtle and dishonest play on words they  try to make the reader believe that His Lordship Justice MacDonaid said "since the government provided this loophole for party friends,"  whereas these are the " strictly non-partisan''  and spiritual observatioris^of the compilers of the  essay. Neither the Supreme Court of Canada  nor the Appellate Court of B. C. condemn the  law or the; government, and if. these reverend  essayists have read the decisions they so grossly  misrepresent they must be aware oi it. This  must be one of the points they accepted "on  faith." as Mr. Gooke said while under oath regarding the matter.  What the courts above referred to did say-  was, that certain parties who had brought suit  before them had no case because the basis of  the claim was clearly a violation of the very  statute above cited. Justice Duff says: "The  scheme was to Obtain crown grants of these lands  in violation of the provisions of the statute *  for these reasons I conciir in dismissing the appeal with costs" In His Lordship's whole written judgment the reverend gentlemen cannot cite  one sentence showing that the law was bad or  that "the government provided this loophole  for party  friends."  Chief Justice MacDonald says: "It is quite  apparent that the persons whose names were  used in staking the land were not really intending purchasers���������they were simply being utilized  for the purpose of enabling the plaintiff to secure' a number of sections contrary to the provisionsof the/ ActV'" - "��������� ^ ~ ���������-  That the act has been violated no one can  question. The same applies to all acts, but because this act has been abused by dishonest  persons does not justify certain individuals  under the protection of a black coat, to brand  the government members as "thieves," "liars,"  and other choice pulpit terms. These gentlemen  are presuming considerably on their position ahd  disgracing their sacred calling if they think  that the fact of their being clergymen will justify them in using language which would not be  tolerated on the political hustings..  The Cat Out of the Bag  On page eight of this essay we find the real  secret cause for its appearance, viz., about two  pages of history, setting forth some excuses  and apologies by Moses, Cotsworth as to why he  was fired from the civil service commission. He  has a certain brand of cleverness, as js evidenc-.  ed in the manner by which he utilizes these  poor innocent and unsuspecting clergymen to  air for him his pet grievances. The supreme  egotism of the man is shown in the title of the  pamphlet "Crisis in B- C." What crisis? Cotsworth was fired in 1910, comes back the answer.  Ye Gods. Cotsworth, that paragon, fired?  Even so. Enter, six black robed clergymen to do  battle for him; Six valiant champions of the  truth. Six, only six, all the honest men left in  B. C- to do what? To air the pettifogging efus-  ions of a man with a grouch. This is clearly  shown on pages 8 and 9 and briefly sums up the  reason for the appearance of the pamphlet.  On page 12 of the essay the writers pretend to  demonstrate how the coal areas of the province  have been squandered, and when Cotsworth was  handing over to them the result of his "years  of investigation" he became so anxious to make  out his case that he overstepped the mark. A  letter is printed from one, F. Pauvini, of Prince  Rupert, to Moses Cotsworth, offering to sell certain coal lands. The reverend gentlemen seek  to reflect on this Italian because- he offers to*  sell this coal land, but it should be noted that  the letter is part only of the correspondence  passed between Cotsworth and the Italian, that  it is dated over two years ago (Apr. 17, 1913)  and that Cotsworth did not during these two  ���������   whole  years  make   any  protest.  (Continued on Page Four)  TAX SALES  ���������HIS morning there comes to me a notice that the Municipality of  proposes to  Tl - ......  issue a tax sale deed to the purchaser of the property involved without further  notice than that which has just arrived. I suppose that this will be called a legal  notice, although I am not the registered owner of the land, and have had no interest in it  for a number of years. The great probability is that the owner of the land really knows  nothing about the matter.  The meeting to organize for the protection of the property owner will be called for  Monday the twenty-eighth.  Fill out the coupon on page five and send it in, applying for membership.  j  TJ. S. TO NOTIFY GREAT BRITAIN  THE U. S. GOVERNMENT is going to send a  note to Great Britain re the question of contraband of war.    It is supposed they will protest against including foodstuffs.  In this regard it should be remembered that,  Germany has placed everything imaginable on  the list. They especially mention: Foodstuffs,  forage, clothing, wool, vehicles, rubber, fuel, lumber, laths, cotton, soap, paper and almost every  other article one could imagine-  It might be well for Uncle Sam to read the  German list before sending notes to Great  Britain-  QUOTATIONS FOR  BOXES REQUIRED  MR. H. R. MacMILLAN, the Special Commissioner investigating the possibilities for-the  sale of Canadian lumber abroad has cabled  the Department from London that quotations  for 300,000 boxes for delivery at Melbourne,  Australia, are required, shipments to take place  monthly cdmmencing in ^October. Canadian  manufacturers are requested to cable their lowest quotation c.i.f. Melbourne inclusive of war  risk, insurance and 5 per cent seller's commission. The measurements and other specifications  of the kind of boxes required are as follows: ^  Inside measurement 17 3-4 inches x 11 7-8 inches  x 6 5-8 inches; Tops and bottoms, 7-16 inches '  thick may be in three pieces,, tongued, grooved,  glued or in one piece at the option of the supplier. The sides to be 9-16 inches in one piece  the ends 11-16 inches in one piece- The wood  should be unprinted, of good quality sand smoothly sawn./,- ,.    * ���������'.;���������'",.'"*���������  PATRONIZE THE MARKET  THE MARKET has again been well patronized  by  both  the, producers  and  the  consumers-  Fresh vegetables from the gardens and the  farms of the lower Fraser have been produced  in large quantities and at reasonable prices.  The prices paid, however, are a boon to the  producers as there has been the cutting out of  the many handlings of the produce and of the  various  profits of the  middlemen-  The saving thus made shared between the  producer and the buyer has given the producer a better price and to the buyer a lower  one, while the time saved between the gathering  of/the produce and the delivery1 to the purchaser has. resulted Jn__placing_ a. fresher ..article,  in the hands of the consumers than that which  had run the gamut of the commission merchant,  the wholesaler and the retailer before reaching  the consumer.  Moreover, these things are the products of  white labor and of man whose whole interests  are here and who spend their earnings in the  community instead of sending it abroad-  Moral : Patronize the market and help and be  be helped thereby.  PRINTING PAPER AND  WOOD PULP FOR BRAZIL  IN  A  REPORT . written   at  Rio  some   two or  three years ago,  the  attention of Canadian  ���������     manufacturers   of   printing   papers   was   directed to  the  possibilities  which  the  Republic  of Brazil offered.  It was pointed out how the trade had grown  during the years immediately previous to that in  which the report was written, viz., from 8,569  metric tons in 1903 to 16,406 tons in 1909, the  last year for which statistics were available.  In 1913 the imports amounted to 30,052 tons,  which shows a growth of about 360 per cent, in  ten years. Germany has maintained her hold,  and is credited with about 36 per cent, during  1913, Norway 18 per cent-, Sweden about 13 per  cent- and the remainder from the Netherlands,  Belgium and the United Kingdom. For some reason neither the United States nor Canada seem to  have been able to obtain any part of this trade.  When it is considered that Argentina and  Brazil between them are in normal years import-  ins: about 60,000 metric tons,' equal to 66,000  short toiis, it will be seen that the trade is well  worth cultivating. It is much to be* desired that  in the future Canadian mills will make an effort  ���������to-secure at least a share of this trade, as besides being profitable for Canadians, it would  contribute very considerably towards providing  tonnage for a line of steamers between Canada  and South American ports-'  A little over 6,000 tons of wood pulp were  imported during 1913 into the Republic. Brazila  manufactures a certain amotmt of paper, such as  account and memo forms, coloured paper and  coloured tissues, but all printing paper is imported and pays only a light duty.  IDEAL LAND FOR FLAX  EXPERTS APPOINTED by the Dominion Government and others who have investigated  the conditions in the west agree that there is  much land open for homesteading along the line  of the Canadian Northern railway which is ideal  for flax growing, and that there is no reason  why the finest flax straw in the world should  not be raised in these districts*- Proper methods would have to be adopted, and would not  necessitate any disorganization of present farming operations.  Xlt could not be expected that the finest material would be raised the first year; but, apart  from the fact that the flax seed would yield  sufficient to put the homesteader on his feet,  there is an important advantage to be gained in  planting flax the first year, as it is one of. the  best crops to break up the soil, and to free certain natural fertilizers that are latent in virgin  soil which is too rich at first to grow Wheat."  TIMBER FOR AUSTRALIA  THE IMPORTATIONS of timber from the Pacific coast have, during the last few months,  been particularly heavy and, from forward ,  contracts made, there is every indication that-.'  large quantities of Douglas fir will be delivered  at the principal Australian ports during the  balance of the year. The demand has been to  some extent accelerated by the shortage in supplies/of Baltic timber. At a recent date the  shipments, arranged from the Pacific coast aggregated over 20,000,000 feet, comprising twelve  cargoes for Sydney, six cargoes'for Melbourne  and two cargoes for Adelaide. Of the twenty  ships chartered, nineteen loaded in United States  sports and one loaded4h .British Columbia. This,  fleet of. timber carriers is chiefly composed of  sailing vessels, a number of which sail under the  United States flag. At latest advices there was  practically no disengaged tonnage capable of  carrying timber on the Pacific coast. The demand  for tonnage, despite the heavy advance ��������� in  freights for timber shipments has caused an addition to the regular steamers and sailers engaged in the trade across the Pacific by the  advent of a number of smaller vessels that seldom go into the overseas trade-  WANTED ��������� A  BANKING COMMISSION  CANADIAN FINANCIERS frequently boast of  our  splendid  banking system." '"  Our banking system is good in normal times,  it also has this commendabe feature, that if a  failure occurs in one limited section of the  country, the loss is readily absorbed in the  whole system. For instance, if a large industrial concern in Halifax or Quebec were to fail  it might be disastrous enough in its consequences  to drag down with it its banker if that institution were limited to operations in the immediate  vicinity, but it could not seriously affect any of  the banks under our system because they are  doing business all over Canada and can consequently absorb the loss. This feature of our  banking system should be remembered, but as a  safe medium to tide the country through a general depression it has proven to be a farce and  a deep disappointment.  It is elastic only in normal times. In abnormally stringent times it becomes an absolutely insuperable barrier, as well as an arbitrary dictator.  Another objectionable feature of our banking  system is that it is a rigid combine, with a  complete organization, and, should' this central  body, known as the Bankers' Association, decide  not to allow a gjven person or business to go  on they could, and actually, do, stop them.  Not only have they the central body, but  in each large, city or centre of population the  local managers have an organization which "  meets and decides who shall or shall not have  credit. They can and do strangle any business  which they consider may compete with them or  against whom they may think they have a  grievance.  What is'required in Canada is a "Court of  Appeal" against the banks, "such as the Railway Commission is to the Railway Corporations  /and also a system of jsmall credit banks-which  will look after the small man.  CANADA'S TRADE  f  THAT CANADA IS standing the strain of'the  s war is evidenced by the trade return for year  ending April last-  The figures for the past three years ending  April each year are:  1913���������Total   Trade    : $1,079,934,000  1914--T6tal   Tride   .A. .-. XXl,096;833,6oQ   ...  1915���������Total   Trade    ,...-.. 1,086,465,000  To   those   who   are   inclined/ to   extremely  gloomy views these figures should be reassuring.  A NEW IDEA WORTH TRYING  THE''COUNTRY GENTLEMAN, in its issue of  June .12, 1915, contains the following article,  which is well worth studying. In a, new  country like British Columbia there is bound to  crop up a variety of perplexing problems, and  these can- only be solved by -^careful study- and-  persevering application. The State of Idaho has  tackled one problem and we reproduce here  from the Country Gentleman the article referred  to:  '  ���������  A PEOTECTOE FOB TBS HOMESEEKER  Idaho's snew bureau of markets is designed to accomplish, under the leadership of a "director of farm  markets," what other similar departments and organizations have been "striving to attain. But Idaho has  gone a step farther in proposing to have its new  official act as big brother to the innocent and confiding homesteaders who are to supply the bone and sinew  of the state's future prosperity. The powers of the  director that apply particularly to the homeseeker are  given   in   these   paragraphs  To ascertain as far as possible what conditions make  for the success of the homeseeker and what conditions  make for his failure, and to use all means within his  power to remedy such of the eonditions which make for  failure as are capable of remedy.  Upon request, or of his own motion, to investigate  and obtain evidence in any case where he has reason  to believe that fraud has been practiced upon or wrong  done to a homeseeker in the sale or transfer of real  estate sought for the establishment of a farm home,  and shall, where criminal fraud has been practiced  upon, or wrong done to, .a homeseeker in the transfer  of such real estate, apply to the proper distriet attorney to prosecute the wrongdoer in a criminal action.  To investigate any advertisements pertaining to colonization or settlement, and be empowered to warn home-  seekers against inaccurate or misleading statements  contained in any literature sent out by promoters or  others.  Idaho has blazed a new trail. Whether or not the  l,aw will prove a great benefit seems to depend largely  upon the good judgment and fearlessness of the director. Everybody knows that the homeseeker has been  preyed upon by swindlers big and little. States have  not infrequently been guilty of disturbing land-boom  literature decidedly lacking in conservatism, to say nothing about truth. The man seeking a home is in a  receptive' mood; therefore, his gullability is above normal. He needs to have the brakes put on him by  some one capable of passing judgment unfettered by  financial  considerations.  This Western state has acted on the assumption  that one well-satisfied, well-cared-f or settler is better than  a whole tourist trainload of kickers. We hope the new  director proves to be a real friend of the man who  seeks   a   home   on the   land.  TBE PROGRESS OF W VAR  HOW MUCH FOUNDATION is there for the  alarm regarding/ the lack of munitions., This  seems to be at least a part of the truth.'  Germany, among her many plans, had planned to overwhelm all opposition by the strength  of her artillery- X"  The Egyptian campaign of Kitchener was remembered- For years he worked building the  railroad from Cairo to Khartoum. For years he  fought the Dervishes in his slow progress up the  Nile. Then like a thunder storm from heaven he  rained upon the Mahdist^army hisartillery^fire"  and in one short battle the war was ended.  Something like this Germauy planned to do  to her opponents- Thus far she has succeeded  that every fortress within range of which she  has been able to plant her artillery has been  razed. And at the first the armies in the field  which were ttnsupplied with artillery she drove  before her like chaff before the wind.  But artillery in some measure was found in  time to stave off disaster until the winter floods  came and,put a period to tlie conflict by making  the transport of heavy artillery difficult. This  has given time for the allies to provide artillery.  The guns have been now provided, but the shells  for the guns are not so quickly prepared in numbers to fill the capacity of the guns.  Much has-been done in this line, but it has  been countered by the speeding up by Germany  and Austria with the enforced help of Belgium,  so that still the advantage is with the enemy.  But the race is young yet. Let it be remembered that the fight on the field thus far has  shown that the men on the field, in the camps  and trenches of the allies are more than a match  for the enemy- Now it is a ra|e between the  men in the shops- Strangely enough it has become a war of industrial Germany and Austria and industrial Britain and her allies. In  this we may suppose that Britain is capable  when she gets down to it, of holding her own.  But it is the devil of it. excuse the expression,  to get Britain down to it industrially. ' Presumably France can in this race hold her own and  apparently she is doing it-  Russia has, however, to get into the running  and has a harder pull. Up to the time of the  Chinese, crisis she drew her supplies largely  from Japan. Suddenly these were required at  home, for the Chinese crisis and the Russian  guns were silent for want of that supply.  Grandly she hurled her infantry into the  breach unsupported and" has not only suffered  but has worked wonders. Now the supplies  from Japan are going forward again, but better,  she is organizing to make her own.  Soon, with the help of the neutral markets  the supply should be sufficient for the day. But  still there will have to be patience until the  surplus is sufficient to, carry the fight to the  city of Berlin. The factory will decide how long  and how costly the wait shall be- THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday. June 18, 1915.  The battle of Waterloo was  fought on Sunclay, June 18th,  1815. It was the culmination of.  a struggle which had been going  on for about eighteen years. The  prize of the contest was world  mastery; the contestants were  France under Napoleon, on the  one hand, and England and other  European monarchies on the  - other. *  So many factions enter into  the situation' that it is difficult  to explain in brief the issues at  stake in the world-shaking struggle at Waterloo. The world had  long been full of disaffection and  unrest under the rule or misrule  of kings and courts. Under the  dominating genius of Napoleon  France overthrew monarchisni  and challenged the good will of  surrounding nations. They regarded this,new dictator as a  menace to all government. The  clash of ideals and policies came  to a head in the "decisive struggle  at Waterloo. Wellington led the  allied nations at the head of an  army of 67,000 men, while Napoleon led the French with an army  of 72,000. With the latter it was  a desperate ease of "world power  or downfall."  The events of the past year  have to a large extent thrown  Waterloo into the shade, but  time will restore the true perspective, and Waterloo will still stand  as number fifteen of the world's  decisive battles. Other numbers  may be added later. The name  is a type, and already men are'  talking of the "Waterloo"of the  present war. Wellington said of  it: "Waterloo" did more than  any battle I know of. toward the  true object of all battles���������the  peace of the world." "The story  of Waterloo," says Dr. Fitchett,  "must always be one of the most  exciting, records in history." It  affords a rare and unique study  in character and military strategy  and is full of strong life lessons.  Napoleon, it is said, could never  understand why he was beaten  and Wellington could never quite  explain why he won. Victor  Hugo, in "Les Miserables," ascribes the disposal of events to  the rule of Providence. eLt  us say with the wise man in  Proverbs: "The King's heart is  in the hand of the Lord, as the  rivers of water."  The field of Waterloo lies in  Belgium, the land of romance,  heroism and tragedy- A huge  monument of earth, crowned by  an immense Belgian lion, cast  from French cannon taken at the  battle, marks the site of the great  struggle: On an ideal August  day in 191.3 the writer stood on  this monument and looked over  the scene. It is a view of peace  and apparent prosperity. The  undulating country is covered  with patches of golden grain, in-  terpersed with irregular clusters  of. trees, . hedges and fields of  green. There is nothing to suggest the fact that one of the  bloodiest battles of history once  raged    there,   for   Nature,   like  Rennie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta Grain and Feed Store  1547 Main .Street  Our Specialty ,  Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables  Free City  Delivery  Phone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver, B. 0.  J  WOOD  ponrorcoN woop yaw>  "SPEOJAI."  3 t������oads ot Edgings $5.00 in Wo. X District, also  All kinds of imil Wood  Phone: Pair. 1554  " Pride of the West"  /  - BRAND  OVPBAU_8, S������IBTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  Br  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., UU  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  The Pioneer Meat Market  Cornet Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor, Frank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  Weekly Prizes 0-iven Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  her Creator, forgives and renews.  Brussels lay embosomed in: the  rich foliage of summer about  twelve miles northward. In the  immediate vicinity, beside scattered farm houses, glimpses of many  villages well known in connection  with the campaign of 1815 may  be seen:. Planchenoit, Ligny,Wav-  re, Braine I'Alleu'd, Quatre Bras.  Wellington's side of the battlefield 'was a moderate elevation  called Mont St. Jean, on the  reverse (north) side of which he  sheltered his army. This "mont"  has been nearly levelled in building the monument, but the main  outlines are clearly 'seen- Between him and the French forces  running in parallel lines about  1,300 yards distant is a depression or valley, across whieh the  armies of Napoleon charged; 'Che  French were deployed on sloping  land altogether in sight of their  enemies. Modern armies could  not possibly live under such conditions. Warfare has changed  entirely  Wellington had the advantage  of position. All that was visible  from the French side was some  masked batteries of. cannon\and  some scattered skirmishers. A-  cross the top of Mont St- Jean  there was a "hollow road" from  two to twelve feet deep. This  formed a pretection for the Allies. Victor Hugo makes this  road the scene of a terrible disaster to the French cavalry under Ney. He says that Napoleon did not know the roads was  there-, The front line went tumbling in, the next rolled on top  of them, and so on until the  road was filled. But by this  the force of the charge had been  broken. The story is evidently  imaginary. Hugo was writing  fiction. But while highly imaginary his story contains a truth,  namely, that the old road contributed , largely to the French  defeat. The cavalry charge was  really broken by the famous  British squares, which they tried  in vain to overthrow.  A heavy rain the night before  had left the  ground in an unfavorable condition for the movement of the armies.   The battle  began  about  noon.   There  were  two important and strategic points  just in front of the main British  and allied lines which they sought  to hold at all costs.   These were  the  farms  of Hougoumont  and  La Haye Sainte-   The former, on  the right front, was held by the  best British soldiers���������Scotchmen.  They   never   lost   it.   La   Haye  farm   was   taken   and   retaken  several times and at terrible loss  of life. It was held hy Hanove  rians. Hougoumont  decided   the  earlier   part   of   the   battle.   If  that   had   been  lost  Wellington  would have been routed without  doubt.   Honor, then, to the men  who held it-  Accompanied    by    a    Belgian  friend, the writer visited this old  chateau.   The garden, now called  "the cemetery," with its cannon-  punctured  walls,  is - still  intact.  The gateway through which the  courtyard,  and from  which  the  Scotchmen   hurled^ them   bodily;  is still  there.   The ruins of the  chateau which was burned during  the   battle,   may   still    be  seen,   and  adjoining is  the  pri  vate   chapel  which   escaped  the  wrath  of  the  flames-   There  is  the old well, now fenced about,  into which, Hugo says, three hundred  dead and wounded bodies  were thrown.   A few small monuments   in  the  "garden,"   commemorate   the   death   of   some  favored friends. Later, we visited La Hay Sainte and alsto La  Belle  Alliance farm,  which was  Napoleon's   headquarters.     How  well   these  old   landmarks   have  been preserved is the remark'.of  all visitors.   The battlefield from  the top of, the monument lies "at  your feet."   One finds it hard to  realize that so much history could  centre within so small a space.  "Stop,  for  thy  tread  is  on  an  empire's dust," writes BjTon.  Blucher, a Prussian ally, coming to the aid of Wellington towards night, decided the battle.  Napoleon, we are told, was so  sure of his plan and-'of victory  that he slept during part of the  battle- His men were in good  cheer. Over a hundred bands  dispensed patriotic music early  in the day. The hurrahing of  the French army made sections  of the allied army tremble so  much that Wellington had to remove them from the fighting  lines.  Wellington himself was determined to. stay with the struggle  until the last man was down. His  courage, his military prudence  and caution, his studied strategy,  his grasp of general situations  and details, won for him a great  victory.    Napoleon ascribed    the  1.05S Ox  _u6 Dame to pSIiie.        vyny  panic? It was not won by panic,  but by intelligent plan and sacrifice. X   -.  If Waterloos bring an era of  peace with justice, let; us fondly  hope and pray that the decisive  day of the present war may  speedily come. ^ \  NATION   MUST   GIVE  WAY TO EMPIRE  We often hear of the shrinkage of the world. But there is  also a shrinkage of Great Britain.  The United Kingdom has grown  relatively smaller- Thirty years  ago, even Avithout our overseas  Dominions and dependencies, we  might have claimed to be one of  the greater nations. To-day we  are approaching the position of  Holland at the close of the seventeenth century. All its. wealth,  its energy, its commerce, its sea-  power could not keep the Dutch  Republic abreast of countries like  France and England and Austria,  with territories and populations  many times greater than its own.  That threatens to be the case, with  ourselves. With our less than  fifty millions of people we are  faepd by a German Empire more  than seventy millions, and soon  perhaps to acquire some twenty  of _v thirty millions more from  Austria; with a Japan going on  towards sixty millions, and rising  fast; with the United states within sight of its hundred millions,  and with perhaps a hundred and  fifty millions in the Empire of the  Czars. The better part of our  island Kingdom is already crowded ; we have no room for internal  expansion like some of our rivals,  who possess vast areas of land  still only half-developed and  sparsely inhabited.  As a nation we seem doomed  to pass to the second class; as an  Empire we may remain at the top  of the first. Even if we leave  out the subject millions of Asiatics and Africans, we have that  potentiality of. being the greatest  of the world States. We have  more territory suited to a white  civilized race than the United  States or Russia or China; we  have single States besides which  Germany and Japan look small.  If we can utilize these regions to  their full capacity, in the economic, military and maritime sense,  we shall still hold our place  among the greatest of the great  political aggregates of the future.  It is no longer open to us to  suggest that the> Empire is an  agreeable luxury with which we  might possibly dispense. It is a  necessity if we are to keep our  big fleet and our big trade, if we  are not to drop down to the position of Spain.  But if we are feeling a new  need of the Overseas States, these  for their part are awakening to  a larger consciousness that they  cannot do without us. The type  of Overseas publicist who derided  the 'Imperial factor' and proclaimed indifference to Imperial  politics is dying out. An Australian of the '80s might ask himself  whether hel might iiptjbe well rid  of. the connection with a distant  island that was always threaten-*,  ing to drag him into a quarrel  over something in which he had  no sort of interest. But the  Australian of the hour views the  matter from a different aspect.  Foreign politics are no longer the,  affair bf a few European Chancelleries. The great game will be  played all over the great oceans  in the future; and the small Anglo-  Saxon States, if they do not want  to become mere paws in it, must  rely upon co-operation with the  other peoples of their blood. An  Australian, a South African, republic cut off from Imperial support, would not long remain a  republic at all. It would run an  imminent risk of being crushed  by the overwhelming weight of  European armaments. In' the  scramble for territory, for trading facilities, and for storage  reservoirs of superfluous population, the little nations will stand  a poor chance when they have  something to offer which everybody wants, such, for instance,  as many thousands square miles  of undeveloped territory and a  superb geographical and strategic  situation.  Then, again, the last twenty  years have witnessed, all the  world over, a change of political  ideals. The individualistic theory, which was still fashionable  in the '70s and the early '80s, has  given way to a different conception of the functions of the State.  Only a diminishing majority  would accept the theory of the  sphere of government and the  purpose of political action which  commended itself to Herbert  Spencer and Mill and the Liberal  thinkers of the' last century.  Laissez-alier as regards the Colon-  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518=520 BEATTY ST. VANCOUVER, B.C.  / ��������� '..������������������������������������-"' .'   ��������� ~ --       : __  t  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and  Heavy  Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and  Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES,  WAGONS,  Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste   ,  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows..  Phone: Sey. 8942.  1101 Dominion Building.  ies was the corrective laissez-faire  in domestic administration; but  laissez-faire isNdiscredited. Everywhere there is a desire for national organizations and concentration, for welding the structure  more closely together, for limiting competition and directing individual effort by the authority  of the State, which is conceived  as an unresting agent for positive good rather than as performing the mainly negative function  of leaving people to employ their  own energies foi* their own benefit.  The Overseas States have gone  fui'ther in this direction than the  Mother Country; they tend to be  socialized if not Socialistic communities. But if an organized  nation, why not an organized Empire? If the power of the State  may be used for ethical, educational and economic purposes,  why not also the much superior  power of the entire Realm?/"  The Socialistic Utopia requires  for its realization the organization  of the entire habitable globe as  a single world-state. That is a  dream which may or may not  come true. But in the meanwhile an organic unity, comprehending a fifth of the world's  population, and some millions of  square miles of its land-surface,  might become the nearest op-  proach to the Republic of man  that the world is likely to witness for many centuries.  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  \      Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British  Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa  ARGUE  The year's at the spring!  ���������X_nd .jday'suat_the_ morn! l._  The lark's on the wing!  The snail's on-the thorn-  God's in His heaven;  All's right with the world.  ���������Browning.  "ROUGH ON RATS" clears out  rats, mice, etc. Don't die in the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. ' t.f.  J������RA������tW5 BUTTS* FO* BO.  The first carload of butter to  be shipped out of Saskatchewan  this year by the dairy branch of  the department of agriculture of  the province of Saskatchewan was  sent to Vancouver recently. At  the present time the fifteen  creameries under the co-operation  plan of the department of agriculture manufacture about 30,000  pounds of. butter \yeekly. Up to  last"week these creameries were  taxed to the utmost to produce  sufficient butter for local consumption, despite the fact that  an increase of 10% on the output  over last  year has  resulted.  You Can Save  By  Using  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  Eight ^s 25 Cents  THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  32 Rides on  TangoTickets  $1.00  Your Saving on  $1 Investment  60c  32 Rides at  a 5 cent fare  $1.60  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B. C. ELECTRIC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  Good (without transfer) on any B. C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. until midnight.  "Q. B." Means    Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  "Q. B." Means   Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B." Means "Made in B. C."  by White Help.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd. rcew^'ci^rsisss^K^  Friday, June 18, 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  'y. *'k '���������  8  NOTES BY THE WAY  By W. A. Ellis  Province, June 9th���������"An explosion occurred on June 4th at  the Valleyfield Ironworks, Montreal- One fireman and a German employee named Frank  Krahl, Xyere seriously injured,  100 bags of mysterious grey powder were discovered by the police.  The manager is Emil Stubner, a  Prussian"��������� X  Are they making shells in the  above factory If so they are  likely to be useless when our  troops receive them at the front.  Province, June 10���������"An explosion occurred in the laboratory  of the Dominion arsenal on the  Plains of Abraham. The main  buildings have not been affected.  Two men were wounded.  Niagara Falls, Ont., June 11.���������  "The mangled remains of an unidentified German, supposed to  have been a spy, were found in  the Grand Trunk yards this morning In his pockets were found  papers giving the movements of  Canadian troops, also an Austrian  and Russian passport.''���������Province, June llth*  News-Advertiser, June 14J���������  Louisa Markafelt, a girl of 19,  arrested by the police and remanded, admitted being, a German spy. She made Niagara  Falls her headquarters and assisted German reservists over the  border. She also paid visits during the winter to the various mobilizing camps and made an ex  tensive   tour   of   the   Canadian  west.  ,*���������*-*  A man in North Vancouver  bought, a cigar which had the picture or "John Bull" around it.  Seeing the picture, he promptly  threw it on the ground, put his  heel upon it, and said, "That is  where vou ought tb be and will  be."  ��������� ���������   ���������  North Vancouver, June 12.���������  "The police have rounded up  four alien enemies during the present week. Two of. the cases in  the district of North Vancouver  were surrounded by very suspicious circumstances. A quantity  of ammunition, a rifle and a revolver were found hidden behind  a partition in one place in another ammunition and guns were  found hidden in the roof. The  city police also apprehended a  toy maker named Koch, of 21st  street, whom they had good reason to believe was unfriendly to  the allies-  ��������� ���������   ���������  The above is just what I know  about. If I could get together  what other people know about  we should have % quite a lot to  prove that the danger of alien  enemies is no scare. Is it necessary to wait until something happens before we intern them all?  ��������� ������������������������������������''������������������  Ex-Royal   Naval  Recruiting  I was very much amused when  I read again that The Bishop of  New Westminster had made the  following   announcement:   "The  chaplain of the Missions to Seamen had recruited over 100 ex-  royal navy men for active service."���������  I might be forgiven if I mention that 44 and 21 does not  make "over 1,00," and that the  Missions to Seamen did not recruit these men, nor did its chaplain.   The individual who recruit-  line. So instead of going to the  stores I went to Capt. Rae and  asked to be taken on the strength  of his company for the day, or  night, I ought to say. Well that  is the way I happened to be in  the charge.  We fell in and set off through  the town.   It was  getting dark  by this time, and the shells were  ed them has no desire to    blow   | dropping fast and thick, but most  about it, neither does he desire  any thanks for what he considers  a privilege and an honor.  In these days, as of old, the  British navy is a sure shield in  the sense that it can prevent a  landing from ships, barges, or  boats on our shores. But the army  is the instrument required to stop  Germany building submarines.  ��������� ���������   ���������  If a lot of. the young fellows  smoking cigarettes and are out  of work standing at the street  corners or "lopping" about poolrooms knew how all the nice  looking girls despise, them they  would enlist to-morrow.  ��������� ���������'���������"���������  The management of the navy  by naval men should be accompanied by the powet of veto by  representatives of the nation..  Otherwise, we run the risk of  autoer.-.iic rule by an admiral instead of despotism by a civilian  with a taste for omnipotence.  ��������� ������������������'���������'���������  In the Zeppelin attack on  Southend a bomb just missed  sinking the "Royal Edward" on  which 1200 German prisoners  were interned���������what a ��������� I was  going to say it, but 1 won't  .   ���������   ���������   ���������  The great Lord Sidmouth once  said: "No man is fit to become  a minister of this empire unless  it is to him a matter of supreme  indifference whether he dies on  his bed or on the scaffold"���������  ��������� ���������������������������.'������������������  The anniversary of the Battle  of them over our heads. We  marched about a couple of miles  before we got the order to extend, and in extended order the  16th and the 10th battalions were  told off to make the charge, backed up by some other battalions  in the rear. We advanced about  1000 yards and then came the  charge. We charged about 250  yards, but just before we charged  they opened fire on us. No one  could believe what like it was.  They had dozens of maxims and  they made the air hum. It was  just like a heavy storm. How we  ever lived through it is a marvel  to me. It seemed to be impossible to come through it alive.  They were entrenched and we  were in the open so you can have  an idea what like it was. Our  boys were dropping all over the  place, one shot knocked my cap  off. another broke the butt of  my rifle, and another ripped my  tunic right along the side. They  did not move until we were within about ten yards from them,  and then they opened up and rah  for it. It was as light as day  by this time, with the star shells  they put up, which were still  floating in the air. I got my  first man right in the trench. He  was trying to climb over the  back, and I was standing on the  -and bags on the front. I made  a pin cushion of him, but he was  farther off than I thought and  the. result was I fell into the  trench, bringing him in with me  on the end of my rifle, and there  I was jammed.   It did not take  * *u    r> ii u       i -u   . _, me lonS though to get free, only  of the Boyne will bei celebrated; x hadto leave my bayonet there,  in this city^n the 12th of July,j eould not t it out j got  this year. Last year, we were all, over the back of the trench and  busy preparing to fight that bat- into the wood.   It was here the  ��������� 11 Quarts for $1.00  Guaranteed above the      All our milk comes from  standard in Butter fat.     tuberculin tested cows.  It any Person can prove that our milk  is not pure in every way, we wiU cheerfully donate $50.00 to any charitable  institution in the city.  r  Delivered to your Home Daily  HILIXREST DAIRY  !  (  Phone: Pair. 1934  %ZX 15th Avenue y.  tie over again.  J o s. H. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C.  Telephone: North Vancouver 103  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  SHIP BUILDERS���������SCOWS���������REPAIRS  MARINE RAILWAY  North Vancouver, B. C.  how tee Canadians  fight at the front  The following letter to Mr.  Herbert Fiddes, -of 3118 Prince  Edward street, South Vancouver,  from his brother, Pte. Wm. Fid  Germans found they had made a  mistake, and waited too long.  The wood was full of creepers  and they could hardly get  through we were on them before they had gone any distance.  The first one I got here was a  big bull headed fellow about six  foot two inches in height. When  he saw me he threw down his  des, of the 72nd Seaforth High  landers, has been banded to the rifle, but he was too late. A dead  Call   for   publication.     Private German is the best German  Fiddes was wounded at the battle  of Langemarck, and writes   from  I don't know much wbat hap  pened: after   that   until   I   was  ���������.4\D' hospital, Abbey Lodge, through the other side of    the  Cluslehurst, Kent., Bug. Iwood.   There I managed to pick  You want to know about the!0ff two of them as they ran for  firing line. Well. I will tell you!it. The funny thing was I was as  where the Canadians made their cool as if I was on the range,  name, and how it was done. J We advanced about 1000 yards  will give you my own experience. \ on the other side, but had to  I was billeted at Ypres, and was COme back again as our flanks  just finished with my day's work did not come up. We came back  and having a run along the canaLas far as the wood and started  bank, when I met the Algerians I digging ourselves in. It was  running for dear life. They told while on this job I got my last  me the Germans had broken j man. I could hear a couple of  through, and were coming on us, them talking in a small fringe of  ;the���������only__thingnthey-.were think-j trees on our left;-! told-the pay  ing about was of saving their i master. He was the .only officer  skin. Af.ter telling them what 111 could find, and he was shot  thought of them I started back later on. but he could not hear  to get my pack, etc. I had rifle,' them. Then I saw one of them  etc., with me. You see we were1 against the sky line, and brought  just out of the trenches, that was him down. When we went- over  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  LIMITED  Public Works Contractors  Head Office, 810-15 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  we found one wounded and one  dead, the only German that looks  good to me is the dead ones, and  it is the same with all our boys  after what we have seen.  Just before * daylight we got  reinforcements and found the best  position we could hold was in the  why we were not in the firing  line at the time. Well, on my  way back a lovely Jack Johnson went right through the roof  of my billet and blew it off.  When I got there it was impossible to enter the house, as the  stairs had come   down.   It  was  then I heard that the Canadians j trench the Germans had dug,  had got the order to stop the Ger-1 so Ave slipped back into them,  jman advance, and to drive them It was just a little after daylight  back beyond a certain wood if that I got hit here. They were  possible, which was rather a tall shelling us all morning and they  order. Well to be right I should had the range down pat, every  have joined the Q. M. stores, that one nearly burst just over us,  is where we always report, but I one of them got me about 3.30  had always said if there was any-' but. I stuck it out for about four  thing like an advance being made hours, then I had to give in.  ji was going to be in the firing     When I was making my way  back to the dressing station the  shots were coming about me from  all sides. They seemed determined  to get me, but luck was with  me. You get that you don't care  a rap whether they get you or  not. I had rather a bad experience through here. As I ^ras  making my way down one of  the boys that was hit the night  before asked me to help himi He  was lying right out in the open  so that the ambulance men could  not get him, so I helped him to  his feet and started off with him,  but I had not gone many yards  before he had the top of his  head blown off. The shot passed  the back of my head and got his.  I did not see it, but I felt it  all over me. I just let him drop  and made the pest pace I could.  I got to the dressing station without being hit.  /While I was in the dressing  station it was shelled, but all the  damage done was the killing of  a wounded German who had been  brought in the night before.  I left No. 1 dressing station  first chance I got, you may be  sure, but had not been long in  No. 2 when they started shelling  it. No. 2 is about 2000 further  back. I stayed there until dark,  but when the Bed Cross wagons  came, about 20 altogether there  were so many stretcher cases we  (myself and tw oothers) offered  to walk to No. 3 which was about  two   miles   further   on.    Getting  to the. door  with  cases  mostly  worse than our own, so again I  offered to walk to the next station, which was at Popperhinge, a  distance of six miles.   You may  have an idea what like, we felt,  for myself I had lost a lot of  blood 'and had had no sleep for  three days, had nothing to eat  or  drink  for  over 36  hours.  I  was feeling hardly fit for it and *  my nerves were beginning to give  way.   Anyway we set off and had  to go right through Ypres, right  through the square, and I can  tell you it was  some  test for  Our nerves.   They were planting .  in the Jack Johnsons one after  another, glass was flying through  the air from all directions, but  we got through all right. One of  the' boys got his leg cut but it  Was nothing much.  We got to Papperhinge all right  but all in. They gave us some  oxo, which was very much appreciated. They dressed our wounds  and sent us on our way by  motor. We stopped at quite a  number of. places to get dressed,  the name* of which I eculd not  give. Wc ltd on-������ aoi-id'-i.t on  the way Ph.e. arabulunce rim into  a -.transport w������gon, which cost  us a couple of hours but that did  not matter much as no one was  hurt. On the following day we  reached Bologne and from there  to England. I suppose you will  think us a lot of brutes, but some  of the sights we have seen are  there we found the place packed' enough to harden our hearts<  COOK IN A COOI. KITCHEN  iON^T swelter over a hot range this summer.. Tbe  NEW PERFECTION Oil Cookstqye keeps  your kitchen cool and clean and does away with all the  ash-pan, coal-hod drudgery of the coal range.  THE NKW PERFECTION lights like gas, regulatet like ga������,  and cooks like gas.   It is gas stove comfort with kerosene oil.  NEW PERFECTIONS are sold in 1,2, 3 and 4 burner sues by  dealers everywhere- If your dealer cannot supply yon, write us  direct  ROYALITE OIL  GIVES  VEST RESULTS  PE1  ^^*rP^___^$___H^_____i_^_l  V*&3L^S^%^3Sn%^nm  BBkH  s#l_ill������_iila_  %  ' M  /...  X  A<  v  '���������  *-:  ���������^  In-  .      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V -";^������.  _ >"v  m  BRANCHES  IN  ALL CITIES  Made in  A&ttPj  Canada  THE   TOUEIST   SEASON   IS   ON���������TALLY-HO   IN   STANLEY PAEK  LA^VIsT   SEED  FERTILIZER  SEED OATS  Early Rose Seed Potatoes  Grace Darling 'Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Reliance Seed Potatoes  F. T. VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT FEED STORE  255 BROADWAY EAST Two Phones:  Fair 186  and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Chick Food for Best Results  ii  Ail  Ail  1  til  l?l  4  7J THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday. June 18, 1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS,  M.  P.  Editar-in-Chief "���������*  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  v HEAD OFFICE: ,  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCR.IPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  1915  THIS YEAR whieh is passing so slowly that it  seems an eternity to those who have the responsibility of the war resting upon them, and  to those whose loved ones are in the zone of  death on the battle front, and which nevertheless  is passing so quickly fraught as it is with grizzly  horrors and the certainty of more to follow, this  year marked as never was a year before with  blood and sudden death, is still big with great  events.  In this far off outpost of empire we feel only  the backwash of the great conflict and find ourselves in the commercial doldrums caused by the  currents of the great tide of battle.  But in the distracted countries where the battles are being fought what a hell the. people are  passing through. x '  Although we are so far at this time from the  tide of battle there is always the possibility that  there will come to us more of the realities of  the war.  What are the possibilities ?  This is now the period of the second war of.  the series which will have to be fought to bring  the present turmoil to  an end-  In any other war it would have been called  a second campaign.   We doubt if in this war history will not call it a second war.  X       Germany   made  a   certain  preparation   and  fought a war with the organization prepared for  / the conflict, and was worsted.   No great objective which she addressed herself to has been attained in that conflict.. At the end of it she admitted her failure and offered to call it  a drawn  war-  V  Failing to  get  a settlement  of the  matter  in this way she prepared as the allies have  prepared, a new army, new munitions, a new  plan arid with renewed heart entered upon a  new  war.  This paper pointed out that this would be  the case when other journals were busy counting  v the weeks which would intervene before the end  came.   The event has justified the prediction.  As at the first and perhaps even more gravely-the Germans have taken the allies by surprise. The number of men\ the supply of munitions, the vigor of the offensive has been por-  tentious and the end is not in sight.  On the east the Russians have been fighting  desperately and covering themselves with glory.  The German watchword has not been blood  and iron as in the days of Bismarck, but fire and  ./���������:���������; iron as it is to-day.  xlt'is-true that she has thrown the lives of her  men in as if she counted them a useless ^thing-  But* it has been upon the fire of her artillery  she has counted for success. Everywhere the  infantry of Germany has been worsted. Every-  X_^where-the- cavalry has-been, destroyed,^butherJ,  massed artillery has as yet been supreme. ^  Gun for gun and man for man her artillery  has not been better than that of the Allies, but  in the amount of the ammunition she has been  able to expend she has been supreme.  Perhaps it is better to draw her fire so that  her supplies may be exhausted while the troops  are in the trenches. In the trenches the gun fire  is the least deadly, and perhaps when the time  comes to leave the trenches the supplies of ammunition on the'part of the allies will at the  least equal that of Germany. Then our men will  go through.  ' But while we wait what is likely to happen?  Russia has as we were saying met the blast of  German artillery with the quivering bodies of  ' her scantily armed men- . This is heroic and was  the only thing to do. That she has been able  to hold her lines under the circumstances speaks  volumes for the courage and fortitude of her  men.  But   we   must   hope   that   the   matter i will  u change in this regard or tlie end must be disastrous,  for  there  cannot  be  final  Victory for  poorly   armed   troops.  On the west there- has been stalemate-   But  that there has been sore lack of munitions we"  are not so sure.   That there has not been enough  to warrant the push _x>r the German boundary  however, seems certain.  Onc\ the fighting approaches that boundary  that there will be a bitter and fierce struggle  on the part of Germany there can be no doubt.  Then there will be no pause in the fighting  until the great centrifugal force of the German empire has hurled into the line.all that she-  has of resistance and offence. Then any failure  of supplies will be deadly to either party.  Between times there is.still great probability  that there will be an attempt at an invasion  of England. It is probable that there will be  a great aerial raid at the same time- It ������is cer-'..  tain that the submarine mena'ce has not reached  its climax yet- It is probable that^Holland will  be invaded and tlie Dutch waters seized for the  use of the German fleet.  Probably there will be trouble for London.  Incendiary bombs may burn the old city.  All these things and more we may have to  see this year before the end comes-  In the meantime Canada and the rest of the  Empire will have to mobilize all its resources  and be content if only the old flag still floats  over the Empire as it shall and will, God willing.  All else may.go and we will all, young and old,  address ourselves to beginning anew after the  war.  What.is to be the action of the States and  what is to be her influence in  this war ?  Apparently Mr. Bryan is of the opinion that  the Avar was a causeless one. One ponders what  has happened to Mr.  Bryan.  As far as Belgium was concerned, did ever  a nation have greater cause for war than that  nation had?  As for France, was there ever greater cause  for war than she had? Was sit not a matter  of defending her honor and her life with all  other lesser things from the aggression of an  unscrupulous and predatory foe?  As far as Britain was concerned, was there  not, as the British Ambassador told the German  Chancellor, a matter of life and death for Brit-  ain's honor and plighted word.  Was it not a premeditated scheme to place  Britain in the position to have to break her  solemn covenant with a weaker power and to  stand aside and see that weaker power ground  to pieces by the brutal bully which overran  her, or to fight?  Was it not incumbent on Britain to stand in  the breach with the allies of the triple entente  to resist the brutal aggression which menaced  them   all? .    ���������- '      J.  Behind it all was there not the certainty  that if Britain allowed the rest of Europe to  be beaten in detail she would have to withstand the shock of Germany and ail the nations  conquered by her-  And would not such conquered nations join  Utterly in the struggle to punish Britain for  having deserted them liice the traitcr and coward  she would have been under these circumstances?  Over and under it _all was there not the  knowledge that the freedom of the world is at  stake and that it behooves every man and nation who has more than a lip love for liberty  to offer his life in its defence-  As far as the enemy is concerned this may  have been, as Mr. Bryan puts it, a causeless  war. But even with , them, there were great  dreams of conquest coupled with an ambition  "which enlargeth its desire as hell and cannot  be satisfied."  themselves,  and the  generations  which  are  to  follow. /  Mr. Bryan, confused as to the issues of  this  great conflict, realizing only that he was failing  to  carry his peace program to success, was not  great   enough   to   drop   treaties   and   take   the,  sword, and so resigned.  TRANSPORT OF THE  AUSTRALIAN ARMY  FIFTY-THREE VESSELS have been taken up,  as transports by the Government, six interned  German steamers have also been utilized as  transports and officers and crew;; provided for  them by the naval authorities. Twelve interned  German steamers have been requisitioned for use  as cargo ships, v and full crews provided for  them. These cargo ships, which are controlled  by the Navy Office, have done much to relieve  the congestion consequent on the requisitioning  of so many steamers for military purposes.  AFTER THE MORATORIUM  ���������WHAT?  THE NEW FRANCE  There is not the smallest doubt that the Kaiser  hoped in 1914 to repeat the feat of 1870. He  boatsed at-the outset, "In a fortnight, yes, in a  fortnight, my troops Will be in Paris." He little  understood the antagonist with whom he had  to deal. It was not the French Army, taken by  surprise, outnumbered, ill-supplied with material  and without heavy artillery, suffered, as the  French General Staff has frankly- admitted, a  series of severe defeats. But, if the French  line bent under the terrible German blows, it  never broke. If the Army recoiled, it-never uncovered the vitals of France. And in the dark  hours when it seemed as though God's justice  had vanished from earth and as if nothing could  stem the murderous march of Huns, the courage  of the French people never quailed; their unity  never was shaken.  THE MULTITUDE of men who have been ruin-  .'���������'  ed and who  will be ruined by the war'x is  and will be large-  Wliat is to happen-to these? They were not  defaulters in the ordinary sense. The calamity  which came to them was world-wide, and they  could not escape. Neither can they be called  to account for running rashly into debt. What  shall be the result of all this for them?  We say that, there should be an act passed  which will settle up their matters, compound  their losses and then set them free to begin  again.  This should have special reference to the  unique circumstances arid should not rob the  dafaulter of his credit as the ordinary bankruptcy act or proceedure would do.  THE CRISIS IN B. C. PAMPHLET  (Continued from Page One)  The facts seem to be, as shown by this  letter, that Cotsworth agreed to act as agent  for the Italian to sell the lands for .$2.00 per  acre and that he was to get a fat commission and a large part of $1,000,000 worth of  stock for his trouble. Let these clergymen  who aro "non-partisan" etc., publish the whole  of this correspondence���������let them tell all the story  and not just one-half. This very man, this  Moses, whom they take "on faith," has for years  dealt in B. C. lands on a large scale and in this  case bf "Coal Lands" was seeking to make a  commission and other profits from this foreigner.  People ia glass houses should not throw stones.  This proverb may not be in the Scripture, but  we comnrend it. to both Moses and his dupes.  We will leave the timber for another issue.  - Cheerfulness is what greases the axles of the  world; some people go through life creaking.  HIGHLAND PEOPLE IN  NEED OF HELP  THE KAISER VERSUS  WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN  BRYAN has become somewhat of a puzzle to  himself and to  others-   America has asked  why could not Bryan sign such a note as that  which has been sent to Germany.  London has asked the same question.  Tokio has asked the same question.  If the reports can be relied upon Berlin has  asked the same question-  Apparently Bryan'has asked the same question of himself since he stepped out.     Mr. Bryan  now says that the note was altered subsequently  to his handing in his resignation, but before that  resignation went into effect, but that the  note  was submitted to him before it went into effect.  What does he mean to imply? /  Does Mr. Bryan wish it to be understood  that he was allowed to inadvertently step out  of the cabinet in a fit of absent mindedness, when  a slight expostulation would have kept him in?.  Or does he wish to imply that he thought  the note much more drastic while it awaited his  signature than it now appears when his responsibility has disappeared? Or is he somewhat  bewildered at the step he has taken, and its effect  upon himself and his position in the nation?  ���������   #   *   #   #  The probability is that Mr. Bryan is a man  at the most of few ideas.  Mr. Bryan has apparently seen himself as the  ;apostle_of_Peaeeamong^the-nations= of-the earth- -  He has busied himself in bringing about peace  treaties among the nations, with the United  States as the pivot point upon which they  all centred-     -  Thirty of these treaties he has negotiated  and the satisfaction which has resulted to the  secretary for foreign affairs has been very great.  Doubtless this was a work in the right line,  and one of which any man in any age might be  proud. Mr. Bryan has probably imagined himself as the President of the United States and  in the exalted office carrying to a successful issue  that great mission, until the war-ridden European  nations would lay aside their weapons and join  in such a brotherhood as obtains in the United  States and Canada-  But Mr. Bryan has overlooked the fact that  it is rarely given to one man to control events  so as to bring on a certain great policy at a  certain set time and to bend events to the carrying it out at that given time. .  In this case there was another personality,  the exact opposite of Mr. Bryan in his ideals,  namely the Kaiser, and it so happened that the  time at which Mr. Bryan attained his position  as secretary was the hour of hisc opposite personality to strike for the attainment of his  ideal, namely, the conquest by military might  of Europe, Africa, Asia and perhaps America,  Never was there a more unfortunate conjunction.  It was the Kaiser versus Mr. Bryan-  It was the self-appointed WAR LORD versus the self-appointed APOSTLE OF PEACE-  It was armed but enslaved Germany and  Austria against the unarmed and free nations of  the  world.  Mr. Bryan did not realize this. Mr- Bryan  lias  not  yet  realized   this.  To-day is the day of the sword, and the time  is such that the scriptural injunction will apply  "Let him that hath no sword sell his garment  and buy one."  To refuse to draw the sword in defence of  freedom from such an attack as is now made  upon it, is treason to all that is best among  men. and to the great brotherhood of men. It  is treason as much in the long run against those  who are now our enemy, as it is against ourselves, for they are ignorantly fighting to revit  for ages the yoke of slavery upon us, and upon  G. J. Bruce, secretary of the  Highland Land League, writes  as follows:���������  For generations the chronicles  of ouY* war have been studded  with the brilliant achievements of  Britain's Highland regiments.  During the past hundred years,  from India and the Far East to  Florida in the West; from Waterloo and the Crimea to Egypt and  South Africa, the kilted warriors  have, whenever they came into  the firing line, struck terror into  Britain's foes! Theirs it ever  was to bear the brunt of the heaviest fighting, and tackle the most)  difficult positions- Little mattered it to the fearless Gaels whether  it was the heights of Dargal, the  marshes of Florida, or the sandy  wastes of Telel-Febir. Their  task was always cheerfully taken  up and wonderfully well finished.  When in August last the call  to arms rang through our nation,  and the slogan resounded through  strath and glen of the Highlands,  the response of these Gaels was  a magnificent lead to all parts  of. the. Empire. Every crofter's  home and fisherman's dwelling  in the Highland countries gave of  its best���������it's fathers and sons to  the Empire the army and navy,  its daughters to the nursing  brigades, while the old people^  knitted _as_only^Highland women  can knit, comforts, for the com-  monstore, while the aged men  bent their white heads to the  work the younger had to leave.  When recently asLondon news  paper offered a������ monument to the  village anywhere in the United  Kingdom that had sent the best  percentage of its men to the war  few were surprised when a. Highland village romped home with  the trophy, and the records of  the Highland district were found  to lead those of all the districts  in the Empire.  Deeds of the Scottish.  How they fought, too, from  Mons to the Marne and after!  A stupid censorship may prevent  for a time the recital of their glorious deeds to the outposts of the  Empire. Those of us whose  daily duties carry us into Fleet  Street and the Strand, or around  the hospitals where the returned  wounded are, know something of  it already.  Why should we not tell of how  the famous fighting Gordons  passed out? Given a dangerous  point to hold in a rear-guard  action, they held it while the  main body was being Avithdrawn,  till they, had not a cartridge left.  Then when they were left there,  through the orders to retire not  reaching them, they received ten  times their number of Germans  with their bayonets and butt-ends  of their rifles, holding up the  enemy advance till of nearly a  thousand who went into action  less than two hundred Gallant  Gordons remained���������but they held  the corner- Space will not permit me to write of .the heroic  charges of the nuggetty little men  of the Black Watch or the awe-  inspiring, battering rushes of the  stalwart Seaforths, nor yet the  (Continued on page five)  THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD  What is that shining across the border?  Seen in the shade as the day grew dim  Bringing faint hope to the dying soldier,  Soothing his soul like an evening hymn,  Parched are the lips, the poor worn body,  Smarts with the wounds of that awful fight  Words will not come, but his eyes are settled,  Fixed on the borderland, one dim light.  Racked with his pain the lips are twitching,  Yet. the dull eyes neveA turned" away  Nearer and nearer then came a vision  Changing the  night to  eternal  day,  From the dry lips came a tiny whisper,  To the dull eyes came a look so bright  Pain chased away,'a smile rem'aineth  Closer and closer he saw .the light.     ,  The Sister who heard the last faint whisper.  Gently his eyelide closed for aye,  She knew that his soul on its final journey,  Had some one tp help it upon its way:  '' What did he whisper ?'' the doctor asked her,  "Light!" she replied, arid her eyes were moist,  "Yes," he replied, "in these awful battles,  "We  still  have a light,  and  that  Light  was  Christ." ���������W. A. ELLIS.  HAND TAILORED SUITS  Jit, Material and Workmanship Guaranteed  At Prices to Suit  You  $15.00  $17.00  $19.00  $22.00  SEE OUR WINDOWS  WILSON & RICHMOND  THE PEOPLE'S CLOTHIERS  Phone: Sey. 2742  37 Hastings St. W. I i,^VA.jU4r.^''Cs������M.u*i  _jS3_;wS������������'"*--ai5L__5j\__iis-V: -.21-  ������M.\*z.i-liL+i^L*^&.SlVr..*[l+.u*A&J.!At.  ������-t+iJjJJClltt.. -.-���������_  Friday, June 18, 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  Cut this out, sign it, and get your friends to sigh it, and return it to the Call.    -  TO THE WESTERN CALL: - '  /       Please enroll my name"as a member of the Property Owners' League, and proceed with  the organization as speedily as possible.  CONSUMERS BUY DIRECT  FROM PRODUCERS  An enormous quantity of  food products will be on  .  sale at prices ^hich will  save you a, whole lot of  money at  The Vancouver City Market  Come and bring your friends.  MARGARET CLARK  AT THE BROADWAY  CORRESPONDENCE  "The Crucible" Will be one of  the Headliners This Week  COAL.���������:'���������-'.'  "Our Coal Lasts Longer."  Our Coal is better value than any other on the  market.   More heat.   No clinkersl     v  Wood"-::'::  Millwood and Kindling, per load"-.;  Choice 16-inch Fir, per load......  BUILDERS* SUPEUES  JCilgard Firebrick, Sewer pipe, Partition Tile,  - Etc. ' ������������������   .  ��������� v x .  CARTAGE r  General   Cartage,   Baggage   and/ Furniture  Moved and Stored.     X  " /��������� , '    ��������� 4.      X'"' '. ''.X  McNeill, Welch &WilsQWritd,  Seymour: 5408-5409  Three features to lead three  high class programmes have been  arranged for by Manager Gow, of  the Broadway, for next week.  Commencing on Monday, Charles  Chaplin will'be shown in the  "Jitney Elopement," one of his  latest Essanary releases. On the  same _, program will be shown  "The Power of the jungle," and  "The Fable of the Galumptions  Girl" by George Ade. Wednesday and Thursday will be featur  ed "Clothes." a successful four-  part drama by Avery Hopwood  and Chauncey pollock. It is av  serious story and carries a great  moral. The weekly drawing- will  be held on Wednesday at 8.30  p.m. for three prizes: Cut Glass  berry bowl, aluminum pot and  box of chocolates  Friday; and Saturday Daniel  Frohman presents the fascinating,  irresistible Marguerite Clark ,in  "The Crucible." This picture;is  a strong and realistic portrayal  Editor  Western  Call:  Dear Sit,���������In Friday's issue of the  Western Call I was distressed to see  another epistle Ky the Rev. XKook,''  a conglomeration of Ps and My's,  Why's  and- Because. >  The Ministerial-Union has dwindled  down to the Rfev, VKook", now. :The  Pidgeon has flown east,, sfad all the  qther members are so ashani.edVofVthe  tools Moses made of them that they  are silent. He quotes- scriptureV .His  Satanic Majesty and the Kaiser quote  scripture   to   further   their   own   ends.  I would respectfully refer the Chief  Cook to the parable of the Chief  Butler  and  the  Chief Baker.  He is egotist enough to liken him  self to such men as the Apostle Paul,  Knox, Calvin, Luther.  He also asks, "Is the once great  Conservative party so bankrupt in B.  G.V and is there barefaced enough to  say that he is not prejudiced.in favor  of the Grit party. '���������.-.���������_.  .11 now! challenge his reverence to  reply and'state who pays for his two  months' political tour, and that he has  not been in the employ of the Liberal  government at any time...  There are men in the Conservative  party in B. C. before the - splendour of  whose genius and veracity* his- reverence would fade*  ;The last paragraph of the verbose  epistle reads, "I pay your readers the  .compliment of having enough brains  tp  judge  between   us.f  Most; of us have enough brains to  read between the,, lines of the "Grit  Parson's "���������   reply- V  By publishing the above in church  and     ChristiaftV interest;     you     will  oblige.     ���������  Yours 'respectfully,  v i'���������6*- <H. ��������� OUGHTON. 4 ^;  33   8th ���������AveXE.XX ������������������. ��������� x'?X'X--  Royal Standard Fiour  Is Home Made  Made in British Columbia and gives daily employment  to over a hundred British Columbia working men and  their families. X  We know how GOOD it is. because we have tested  it ourselves from ��������� every possible baking standpoint;  But you can test its~value at our expense. If it does  not suit you,/your dealer will refund the full purchase  price.  ASK YOUR DEALER  Home-made Bread from home-made Flour when you  bake with  Royal Standard Flour  Vancouver Milling and Grain Co.  Limited  Vancouver,     Victoria,     New Westminster,     Nanaimo  HIGHLAND PEOFfcEX^ X    ,  IN NEED OF HELP  (Continue.d;from page four)  reckless. bravery Of the brawn  Argyle and Sutheflanders on  these battlefields of France. Need  I tell what' the whole world  knows, that the London Scottish,  mostly sons of crofter homes and  Highland fishers' dwellings, made  a notable addition to the. honor  scroll of Britain's famous regiments. Not only Highlanders, but  Britons; everywhere would be  thrilled to'~ the heart's core could  they know what our brave High      landers  have   already   done   for  of. ist young girl 's ordeal, who" is] the nation in this war,  scattered throughout them, and  it takes Gael to understand when  Gael is suffering, for Highland  pride makes Highlanders conceal  their suffering to the last limit.  Those left at home in the Highlands struggled through the Winter just because of the previously-made provision of those now  at the front. With nearly all the  able away fighting, little plowing,  sowing, planting or peat-cutting  can be done this year. The fishing, too is almost completely held  up. Next winter is going-to be  a dreadf.ul time in the Highlands,  unless friends outside come to  the help of its people.  THE   FIRE   SITUATION  subject for a trivial offence ftp an  unjust punishment, which entails  much suffering and humiliation;  but which only tames her fierce  temper and crushes her pride,  jwhile her pure and heroic soul re-  The purpose of this,^however,  is to make an appeal to Canada  oh behalf of. their aged parents  and f dependents.' J Many hundreds  of these men freely gave . their  lives for their nation, others are  mams unharmed. How she is un- crippled for life,^and all of them  justly .punished for her childish have dear ones, at home who we  pranks and made to suffer by her���������should see comfortably, provided  mother andV sister is splendidly  told; how A.-she triumphs over  shame and returns good for evil  to those who' have worked such  havoc in her life, and how-she:is  rewarded for. the, lqng struggle  against evil is vividly unfolded  in his unusually strong photoplay. First show starts at 7.00  o'clock; 2nd at'8.30;,and the 3rd  at 10 o'clock. -  Pathe's   British   Gazette   will  show all the latest war news and  f other .world news of interest.   X  for. Canada gave generously to  the Belgians. They deserved it  all. Now what about '' oor ain  folks:'? :  The Highland Land Laague  Our Highland Land -League  knows more about the people's  circumstances and the necessities  of the Highlands than that any  Government department or other  organization, because our officers  and councillors are frequently  visiting different parts of the  Highlands, and our members are tributions  The council of our league  know that many' thoitsands of  pounds vvill be necessary to save  from distress, and to protect the  Highland crofters and fisheis.  We therefore appeal to all Canadians who. can help us to assist  these people.     : X  X'Perhaps^Higli'ahdat'.d Scottish  Societies /ivilltakeV the lead- A  '' Highlanders- Vpay," with the  sale 6f tartan badges 5 a "feather  Da^,"V^th th0: sale of sprigs of  heather, might raise a good sum  Contributions in the way of  drafts; ;pr postal; orders should  be made payable to the treasure,  Highland Land League, London  division, Bank of Scotland.  Helmsdale, Sutherland, Scotland;  Bank of New Zealand, London,  or direct to the secretary, 161 A.  The Strand, London. The High  Commissioner for Canada will be  'rivited to be present or represented at meetings of the league council   dealing  with  Canadian   Con-  The fire situation in the province generally remains safe ac- ���������  cording to advices reaching the  Minister of Lands. But few  fires have been reported during  the last three weeks, and these  haye been easily controlled and  extinguished. .-*-.-'  At the same time permits to  burn have been taken advantage  of widely, settlers continuing to  show, much activity in their clearing operations, especially in the  Lillooet and Island districts.  From Kamloops much satisfaction on the part of the mills is  recorded in consequence of the  orders which are being received,  while in the Nelson district it ia  reported that the British Canadian Lumber Company at Crescent  Valley and the Forest Mills at  Cascade expect to resume operations shortly,  The only helpless people in the  world are the }aay.  Folks who never do any more  good   than   they   get  paid toft  never   get   paid   for  more   than  they do. x   .  NEAV   ARMORY   ANP   PRJU-   HAUL ABOUT   TO  f>l   IRICIW .IN   GRANDVIE-W  ���������A  *m*m  *-'?������������  :mtp  /   vmv4#f*#**--  4^^mmK^mm*m*mm*mtm  VV   >  -7T  ��������� wwm1*,.  .���������4  4 5. ,       >-k.  *^mm*mm*wi*\  ���������  X^>X#xx  r '    r    r 7 /  ���������* v^ r 4- .''.. 'J   r      -  Xx,<   X'fV'"',  v .     '    Jj   r  ..fjJ. A'j-rJ^J  '5J  mwm *tmr*txminmr'j ~  iiiiiinifin  1 Ii      (iini'fiiTnfiifiTriii  fy   v..  Tlie mimT nw for  Moil Hauls  Bedding    Plants,  Celery and Cabbage plants  Decorative  Plants and Cut  Flowers  The Right place where you  get tb* Right Plants iett���������  the Right Price  Keeler's Nursery  Comer 15th and Main  Phone: Pair. 817  The Department of Militia and Defence has approved of the  plans for the  new armory and drill hall,   and   tenders will  be  called for immediately.     The  Public  Works Department  has decided  to reduce  the    sum    originally intended to  be-  spent and the specifications have Ibeen  amended accordingly.  The  building which will  Be  bounded   by Commercial and ,  Cotton drives will be  of brick  and stone   mill construction  of a modern Norman fortified design.    The drill hall measuring 120 by 2.25 feet is in one span with an eight-foot balcony  all  round, ,with armories,   orderly     rooms,     Quartermasters'  stores, etc., opening into same.  Below, the level ol drill hall space Is provided for rifle  ranges, transport wagons, swimmm_, pool, gymnasium, bowling alley, Quarters for janitor, also space for boilers, etc.,  and an unexcavated space where a battery of artillery may  be housed.  On~ the second floor there will be officers' and sergeants'  messes, canteens, reading rooms, etc., and at the end of the  hall a large recreation room has been provided where instruction classes may be'held.    Arrangements  will be made  io uKiue this roofl4 miu initio  pu.il.>     t>\     luinrig    pu.rlition3  where the war game may be played.  In the tower, brigadier quarters are arranged for. also band  rooms, etc. The roof will be of steel and concrete; the  large circular ends facing east and west will be of glass set  in steel frames. The building will be heated by steam and  lighted by electricity. The architects entrusted with the work  by the Dominion Government are Major C. B. Fowler, commanding the Vancouver Volunteer Reserves, and Lieut. R. T.  Perry of the Army Service Corps now aerving in Europe.  PHONE  SEYMOUR  9086  Fire May Attack  Your Home  Are you insured? If not, consult us.  WE WRITE FIRE INSURANCE IN  GOOD   BOARD   COMPANIES.  References: Dun's, Bradstreets or any  Financial House of Repute in Vancouver.  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  122 HASTINGS ST. W.  and McKay Station, Burnaby  ^1  y <i������������M  THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday. June 18, 1915.  B  A. function of the meals at home is to give color to all the home life. The daily menu  published this week, and which may be continued, is by one of the best known and valued editors  of this department, of several leading dailies in the United States-   .  The Western Call feels fortunate in being able to offer to the Vancouver ladies tliat  which is purchased at.a high price by such dailies there.  These Cards have been especially written for the Call.       ;  Y. M. C. A. WORK '���������������������������'/:  AT  THE FRONT  Saturday, June 19  \ I hear the birds singing out here in the gloaming,  While o'er the hills sinks the sun to his rest,  And chanting their vespers as back from their roaming  They come on swift wings to the cool, shady rest.  ���������Ruth Raymond.  Breakfast���������Bananas. Fish Hash. Waffles with  Maple Syrup.  Coffee.  Dinner���������Oxtails en Casserole. Mashed Potatoes- Steamed Squash- Mixed Pickles. Boiled  Bread Pudding, Liquid Sauce. Coffee.   >  Supper���������Beet Greens with Sliced Eggs, Tar-  tare Sauce. Raised Biscuits. Sugared Pineapple.  Cup Cakes, Tea.  Boiled Bread Pudding  Mix two cupfuls of bread crumbs with one-  half cupful of chopped suet, one cupful of raisins, one and one-half teaspoonfuls of cinnamon,  one-half teaspoonful of cloves, one-quarter of a  teaspoorfful each of nutmeg and salt, one beaten  egg, one cupful of sweet milk, and one-half cupful of molasses in which one-half teaspoonful  of soda has been dissolved. Turn into a buttered mold, cover closely and boil two hours.  Serve with liquid sauce- .- -.  ��������� *   ���������  Sunday, June 20.  Strong with the strength of thy verdant hills,  Fresh with the  freshness  of  mountain  rills,  Pure  as the  breath  of  the  fragrant  pine,  Glad with the gladness of youth divine.  ���������Julia C. R. Dorr.  Breakfast���������Strawberries- Poached Eggs on  Toast- Doughnuts.  Coffee.  Dinner���������Fruit Cocktail. Chicken Pie with Biscuit Crust. Boiled Rice. Asparagus. Lettuce and  Tomato Salad. Snow Pudding, Custard Sauce.  Coffee-  Lunch���������Mock Crab. Radish Roses. Chocolate  Layer Cake- Tea. X  Mock Crab  Melt one tablespoonful of butter oyer boiling  water, add one tablespoonful of vinegar and one  scant cupf.ul of finely cut soft American cheese,  , stir until melted, add one well-beaten egg diluted with four tablespoonfuls of milk, season highly with salt and paprika, stir and cook until  thickened and serve immediately on bread toasted on the under side only.  ��������� *   *   v   '  Monday, June 21-  Summer touches soft each tree and flotfer,  With mother-eyes ashine;  And once again comes Earth's immortal hour,  When nature quaffs rich wine.  ���������J.  Corson  Miller.  Breakfast���������Stewed Apricots. Cereal with  Cream-   Fried Eggs. Rice Muffins. Coffee-  Dinner��������� Cream of Tomato Soup. Rolled Flank  Steak. Baked Potatoes. Buttered Beets- Dressed  Lettuce. Crackers and Cheese- Coffee. '  Supjwr���������Chicken     Terrapin.   Potato     Chips.  French Bread- Sliced Bananas. Cake. Tea. x  , -'     - -       '���������'���������.'.-. ..      ���������. ��������� ���������    ' '-'  Rice Muffins. v"x.v-'  ^ Sift two cupfuls of sifted flour with three tea-  spoonfuls of baking powder and one-half teaspoonful of salt- Add one cupful of cold boiled ,  rice, rubbed through a sieve, one tablespoonful  of sugar, one cupful of. milk, one beaten egg and  one^tablespoonfuL-of*melted butter. Beat-thoroughly, half fill buttered muffin pans and bake  in a hot oven. > ��������� -  ��������� '������������������������������������������������������  Tuesday, June 22.  When breezes are soft and skies are fair,  I  steal   an  hour   from   study  and  care,  And hie me away to the woodland scene,  Where wanders the stream with the waters of green  As if  the bright  fringe  of herbs on  its brink  Had   given  their  stain   to  the  wave  they  drink.  ���������William Cullen Bryant.  Breakfast���������Creamed Smoked Beef- Popovers.  Griddle Cakes with Malmalade. Coffee.  Dinner���������Chicken Soup. Planked Salmon. Potato Border. Green Peas- Sliced Cucumbers. Cottage Pudding with Strawberry Sauce- Coffee.  Supper���������Cheese Toast. Asparagus Salad. Preserved Pears. Lemon Queens- Tea.  Lemon Queens.  Cream two-thirds of a cupful of butter and  add two scant cupfuls of sifted flour mixed and  sifted again with one-quarter of a teaspoonful  of soda. Beat, the whites of six eggs until  stiff, gradually add one and one-fourth cupfuls of,  pbwdered sugar, then flavor with one and one-  hplf teaspoonfuls of lemon. Combine the two  mixtures, bake in small cakes and ice when cool.  Wednesday, June 23-  Once more on yonder laurelled height  The summer flowers have budded;  Once more with  summer's golden  light  The   vales   of  home   are   flooded.  ���������John Greenleaf Whittier.  Breakfast���������Fruit. Cereal with Cream. Calves  Liver and Bacon; Corn Muffins. Coffee.  Dinner���������Clear Soup. Baked Breast of Lamb-  Cucumber Sauce. Hominy. Spinach with French  Dressing. Bavarian Cream. Coffee.  Supper���������Salmon Croquettes- Beets with Vinegar Sauce. Hot Rolls. Small Cakes. Tea.  Baked Breast of Lamb-  Remove the skin, put^the meat in a stew pan,  cover with boiling water, and simmer twenty-  five minutes- Bone, dredge with'flour, pepper sind  salt, roll and skewer into shape, pour; in a cupful of the water'in which the lamb was cooked  and bake until tender and brown, basting frequently. Serve with Cucumber Sauce.  Cucumber Sauce.  Pare and cut one good sized cucumber into  dice, add one and one-half cupfuls of stock,  simmer until tender, thicken with one tablespoonful of flour rubbed to a smooth paste with an  equal quantity of butter and season with pepper,  salt and a few drops of onion, juice-'--'  '���������!'.-;,���������  -X*- '.**"**  Thursday, June 24. XX  Buttercup's  lanterns  are lighted  about me,,  V   Burly red clover's warm cheek presses. mine;   XX  Powdery Beev never once seems to doubt me, X���������-.;.X;  Sipping each  chalice for summer's new wine.  ;-; . ���������VV'X " X '������������������"'X-Margaret Deland.  -    Breakfast���������Oranges. Asparagu Omelet. Break-  fast; Rolls.  Coffee.  ������������������''���������J,-!-,.--A-' JA'A-J-.-  X '���������-;  Dinner���������Julienne Soup. Boiled Tongue. Buttered! Potato Balls. Carrots with Peas. Onion and  Cucumber Salad. Raisin Pie. Coffee.  Supper-^Minced   Lamb   with   Olives.   Potato,  Straws. Bread and Butter- Strawberries. Wafers.  Tea. X    '.'."* ';XV  xv v;':^:X..,,;/'lkiil_^.^-; ���������  Mix thoroughly,one cupful of sugar and two  level tablespoonfuls of flour, add one whole egg  and the' yolks of two well beaten, one cupful  -of sour cream, one cupful of chopped raisins and  one teaspoonful of -vanilla, turn into a pie plate  lined with paste and bake in a moderate oven.  Beat the remaining whites until stiff, fold in two  tablespoonfuls of powdered sugar and a few  drops of lemon juice, spread over the pie when  cool, then return to the oven and brown-  '/' V, V.X   ��������� ��������� ��������� '''*���������'���������-��������� X  Friday, Juno 25- x   X  From, every breast  Delight and mirth;  O, bliss! O, joy! ,  O, sun! O, j!gjth.__^ ^._..__._ _^_ _;_.._ .���������X.���������V-_ -^  Breakfast���������Rhubard Sauce. Bacon and Eggs.  Graham Puffs; Coffee.  Dinner���������Clam Bouillon.  Baked FishV Drawn  Butter  Sauce- Mashed Potatoes.  String Beans.  Cress Salad. Strawberry Pudding. Coffee-  Supper���������Cold Tongue. Curried Vegetables. Hot  Rolls. Stewed Prunes. Molasses Cookies. Tea.  Strawberry Pudding-  Beat three eggs, add one pint of milk,," then  add three arid one-half cupfuls of flour and beat  until perfectly smooth- Stir in one tablespoonful  of. melted butter, four level teaspoonfuls of baking powder and one-half teaspoonful of salt, beat  thoroughly again and add one pint of strawberries well coated with flour. Turn into a greased pudding mold, cover, stand it in a kettle of  boiling- water and boil continuously for three  hours. Serve with hard or liquid sauce.  Mr. H. A.. Dowler, a young  business man of Winnipeg, recently accompanied a troop train  as Y.M.C.A. representative from  that city and the following are  some interesting extracts from his  letter:  - Having gotten the men together, I told them who I was and  what I represented, something of  the work the Y.M.C.A-. is trying  to do .for. the soldiers, not only  here, but all over, I then explained that I had games,-writing material, etc., along with'me, stamps  to sell, and that with their co-operation and assistance I would try  to make the trip interesting.  There were seven coaches in the  train and I spoke along the same  lines to all of them and was well  received. The writing material I  then proceeded to distribute was  very welcome and the result can  best be judged by the following:  I distributed 500 letterheads,  1000 post cards, 500 envelopes,  and sold something over 3000  stamps. The men were confined  to their own cars, all the time,  and as a result I had plenty to  do for them in the nature of. collecting mail, posting it and sending telegrams. I had 12 sets  of checkers with me, and these  were distributed and made great  use of. There was a tournament,  with 12 entries in each car, 84  in all. We published a daily newspaper, each car taking charge of  some particular department. The  Colonel's secretary had a typewriter on board and arranged the  items and ran off ten copies by  the use of carbon. Each car got  a copy. The issue was a decided  success, and ' the men not only  enjoyed themselves in prepjaring  copy, but were much amused  and interested in reading it. The  Colonel and some of the officers  were very interested and wished  copies to send home. Two big  concerts were arranged for. There  was a 4ot of good talent and an  excellent entertainment was the  result....   . ,  Two mock trials were also organized and these^ were a decided  success, the men talring a very  keen interest in them. They  dressed up for the various parts  and they closed with a great singsong. ���������',���������'.-.'      ��������� x -xXx:. v-x ...  As we neared thev end, of our  journey I called the men together  in each car as at -first and took  the opportunity to; cleat with the  drink question and intemperance,  referring to the widespread sen-'  timent against it, not only in our  own" .Dominion, put all over the  world, and' drawing from that the  conclusion thatit must be a great  evil'if carried to excess at any  rate. I distributed the 500 temperance cards I had with me. J  explained that a man who could  not keep a\ .pledge to himself  could not likely keep it to someone else, and that these cards  were consequently not to be signed and collected by 'me, but that  perhapj^therexyvas ^someone.left  behind whom they would be glad  to have know that they had made  up their minds as regards this  question, and if so, these cards  Were to be filled in and mailed  to them. I am satisfied that at  least 200.of these were made use  of in this way. I also distributed  many copies of the New Testament. ' x  Y.M.C.A. PROMISES  CANNOT BE ENFORCED  /-?.-    >���������'    V  '��������� <>%x       ��������� ,  *"* ' X    -'?   '-.A-'J- XgX",,*   , -���������  ' "   '"Aj--,,/ -I :^:'LAv'A''''V'������JAAPA'\if*t.  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  NOVEL FIRE INSURANCE  The eity of Regina bas adopted  a novel form of letting its fire  insurance, and one .which gives  each coinpany an" e.-nial-share of  the business. As there are 83  companies represented in rhe city  and 'as the city proposes to place  $1,300,270.00 of Bre insurance  this year, ��������� the amount of insurance which will thus be written  by eacli company will be in advance of $10.000.00- It is expected that a material reduction will  result.,in the rates of the various  risks polled by.,the city. Efforts  have been made .throughout the  year towards having the underwriters reduce the rates on the  various risks, and as a result  the city, has been notified that  the inspectors had made a thor-  jough re-inspection of air property  in Regina and are now working  on the new rates, which would  be submitted before the matter  is finally dealt with.  Judge Maclnnes has dismissed  with costs the action brought by  the Y.M.C.A. against Messrs.  Wood, Rankin and Robson to collect the sums of $100, .$100 and  j $500 respectively, being the sums  ('subscribed by them towards the:  campaign fund of the local institution some time ago. * The  ground' taken by. the plaintiffs  was. that the promises were in the  nature of promissory notes, and  as such were collectable- Defendants argued that the document  was non-enforceable by law, as  a contract because no consideration passed for the promise to  pay. The case "will likely be appealed.  British casualties in killed,  wounded and missing are 258,000-  That is a small enough total beside the 2,250,000 Germans killed, Avounded and missing, but the  losses reach home directly or indirectly to nearly everybody in  the United Kingdom. The British  aristocracy is being almost wiped  out on the male side. Premier Asquith has four sons under arms.  Lloyd George has two.- and so on.  Trul}' this is a war beyond man's  previous conceptions;  rn HE Printing require-  A ments on your part  may be few or many, but  they, nevertheless, are important to you. A man  is very often judged by  the neatness or fitness of  the clothes he wears; so a  business house is often  judged by the stationery  or the Printing they use.  TF entrusted with your  ������������������ order, on our part we  will give you the style, fitness and finish that you  desire to make your stationery or printing a credit  to you.  A hh that an extensive  jrx printing plant, u^to-  4ate machinery and expert  worJiTOeh can do, is at your  disposal; and no printing  hope in Vancouver is better  equipped to turn out any-  that you may need, whether  large or Small, or that can  give you better service.  *.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203IKINGSWAY friWWKU .���������l-A-'ni-  ������*.*__!.__ .-^ ���������?,1-.������,.TC_������.  u rf>%u^).t.uaia!i>"t<������riva-b������|KC������^*������i  Friday, June 18, 1915.  THE WESTEBN  OALL  le Lacrosse Match on Saturday  Westminster, champions of the  EWorld, came over for the fourth  ame of the series on Saturday  ^ast and went home with the long  jjend of a 13 to 10 score. The play  was staged in five sections, an extra period of twenty minutes being necessary to break the tie  score of ten goals each. In the  lineup of the Royals one new face  ^appeared, Cooper, and he played  ja careful, clean game throughout,  which was an asset to his team  and a pleasure to the fans. On the  Vancouver lineup the full  strength of the star payroll was  out, and Fitzgerald, Donihee and  Crookall, the absentees of the  week previous were on the job-  ��������� The game started off in a whirl-  j wind, the locals scoring in ten  ', seconds, and another in a minute  afterwards. The Royals steadied down then, and the goals were  nip and tuck all the way through.  From the Vancouver point of  view there was a lack of united  attack on the part of .the home-  True it is they got ten goals,  but few of these came from a systematic and bi*illiant attack on  the Royal net- Most of them  were one or two-man plays, and  many of. their efforts failed hopelessly. It was thought that the  inclusion Of Fitgerald, along  with the other stars, would develop something like a winner,  but Fitz was so hopelessly "all  in" early in the second quarter  that it would have been better to  have had Bones Allan in his  place all^ through the game. He  played fair lacrosse in the third  quarter, but lacked the condition  to follow up his fielding. Donihee  and Crookall were closely watched, and'while both tried hard,  they were slow compared with  the red shirt home, slow in pass-  | ing and slow in taking advantage of the openings. In the  field feacock played a useful  game and McLaren played his  best so^ far. Mae. had the task  of looking after Doughy Spring.  He did well, but has not yet the  experience of Spring and will  need some further coaching in  order.- to unravel- the mysteries  of that player's mind- Oh the defence McCuaig was the pick. Griffiths played strong and hard, but  is certainly no match for Grumpy-  Spring. Pickering had a hard  job doing anything with Feeney,  for the latter was iri prime condition and played the game of his  life- Murray was too busy with  pugilism to be of much use to  his team, but Painter had it on  long Bill Turnbull at all stages  ,of the game-  The goals came in bunches on  Saturday, neither Johnson -or  Clark playing up to the form  they have displayed on former occasions, long shots slipping by in  endless fashion. The scoA at the  end of the playing period was  announeed at '11 to 10 in favor  of Westminster, but the thousands of spectators knew better  and insisted on a play off. After  much wrangling and a delay of  nearly half an , hour the red  shirts finally appeared for the  overtime, ten minutes each way,  and with nine men a side, the others being banished for rough-  house work, the teams pegged  away. Westminster showed just  what condition ���������will..do.for a team  and played all around Vancouver, with the result that three  goals came to them while the  green shirts failed to tally. The  score was13 to 10 and the many  fans went away half pleased with  the. outcome, and not at all pleased with the display. The teams  play again on the same grounds  next Saturday.  x. ���������"��������� ���������   ���������  Messrs. Gray and Barr handled  the game- Neither of them showed much desire to cut but the  dirty work, and there was abun-r  dance of it in evidence, and the  same old characteristics cropped  up in spite of the speeches made  by the officials"������������������before the game.  We have no doubt about the feeling of the referees in the matter,  but they are most assuredly not  Mount Pleasant Shoe Repair Shop  BEST S80B JtEPAWNG ON TBE "-TOO.."  Three Months' Guarantee on Work Pone on Ladies' or Men's  Shoes.  Work Done While You Wait.   <i   .-������������������--. -      ���������  Rubber Heels Put on in Teh Minutes.  2429 Main Street, Next to Lee Building  ^Artistic"indesignr  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, 3. C.  capable of ruling a game where  such a bunch are', let loose as the  rival teams on Saturday. There  is one way and one only- Until  Con Jones and Manager Kelling-  ton say the word there will be  rough-house work- Neither one of  thgse managers seems'to consider  that the time has yet arrived for.  that word, and until that happens we will have the rough stuff.  It is apparent that the players  are not out for clean sport, and  that'applies to both teams. There  were flagrant violations Of the  rules of the game all the way  through, and no penalties were  handed out. There is no doubt an  element of thefant who want the  rough stuff. One has only to attend the games to notice that.  Such cries of "get him," and  "put the wood to him" do not  come from clean sports, and  there are many of them in both  Vancouver and New Westminster.  The time is long past for friendly  advice in the matter. The game  is now on a par with professional  boxing bouts in this city, which  the aldermen have seen fit to  stop, and if an immediate cessation of the dirty work is not  forthcoming, it will be time for  Mayor Taylor and the city council to cut lacrosse salaries as well  as civic salaries. The only way is  to put the dirty players out of.  the game for keeps- Expel them  from taking part in anything further in athletics. The people of  Vancouver and the province in  general do. not want the dirty  work and there always has been  too much of it in the professional  lacrosse league. Meantime, Mr-  Managers, it is certainly up to  you- Fix the referee question and  back up your choice with stiff  suspensions and cutting of the  o<*iy roll. That will bring the  players to time quicker than anything we know of, and until that  is done there will be plenty of  the rough work go on.  '  X .    ���������* ������������������.'������������������ '*  The game this week should  prove a better one. It was very  plain to all/last Saturday that  Fitzgerald was not in shape for  his job. WTiy, we do not know,  but he showed it all through after the first quarter, and there  were but few flashes of his, old  time brilliancy. Fitz in condition  is a valuable player, Fitz out of  condition and looking for trouble, is no use to any team, and  the same applies to Bob Murray,  who apparently has a chip on his  shoulder all the time; If Con  Jones will just read the riot act  once or twice it might have some  effect.  Manager Kellington would do  well to. give Johnny Howard a  talking to- He used his stick unmercifully on Crookall all through  the game, with the result that the  latter was well nigh used up at  the close. Crookall has the reputation of playing clean, and it  really seems that Howard has at  last been forced to resort to the  tactics which made him famous  in the east, that of beating up  his check when he cannot compete like a gentleman and a clean  athlete- Howard can play as clean  as any---man in the game, but  ,"can", and "will" are two different words.  x   '''������������������*.���������    *^.  Bun Clark and Johnson both  seem to be slipping as goalers. On  Saturday some exceedingly easy  shots beat them, and some hard  ones were saved. By the scores  to date this season there is certainly something wrong with the  CHILDREN'S PLAYOEOUND UT STANLEY PARK  defences of both teams, and attention should be paid to bolstering them up for future games.  'v- * '*���������'���������'���������'.  ''"y ������������������  The fiasco in the third frame  looked like a Donneybrook. Apparently Murray wanted to ] get  back at ' Wintemute for a blow  the latter gave him in the early-  period, and with this end in view  half a dozen players got mixed  lip in the melee, and the teams  were forced to play, with nine  men aside for the balance of the  gam.  ��������� ���������   * .  It is to be regretted that Lester  Patrick has been forced to retire  as official referee, but his stand  is to be admired by lovers of  clean lacrosse. Patrick knows  very well, as do many others,  that the managers of the teams  are not behind him to the last  ditch. It is certainly most unsatisfactory for a referee to repeatedly have to bunch the same  players in each game. This has  been Patrick's experience to date.  The same old bunch every game  and every game the same old  bunch in the penalty list- The  referee can suspend them for the  playing time, and that is all. He  can recommend drastic action  and the managers of the teams  will do nothing to help him out-  The result is palpable.- There  are few men left who will condescend to referee a game between  these two teams.  ��������� '���������.."���������  The Mann Clip holders have  suffered their second reverse, having lost to the New Westminster  team on Saturday by the score  of 4 goals to 1. To date the cup  holders have shown little of their  old time form, and if there is to  be a showing at all there must be  a shakeup immediately or else  the five-time champions will,be in  the cellar position for keeps. Bob  Springer and his team from Victoria will be along on Saturday  and there will be a double header  at Athletic Park. The amateurs  will likely play before the Minto-  Cup game, and fans who enjoy  something clean in- lacrosse  would do well to be on hand for  the early game.  '���������-��������� '-.'*;���������' * *  ,. Like many other institutions  the Vancouver Baseball Club is  feling the pinch of the times. So  much in fact that Manager Bob  Brown has appealed to lovers of  the game to eome through with  some financial assistance. He says  that Vancouver is likely to lose  their franchise in the Northwest-  vern League unless some assistance  is forthcoming, and that very  soon. The gates so far this season have been anything but well  patronized, and there has been  abundance of ball- However, the  baseball team is iri no worse  plight than many kindred organizations. Would it really matter  if Vancouver lost its franchise?  There is very little doubt of the  announcement made by the manager coming into force- But  would it really matter? Vancouver could do without baseball for  a. season or so just as well as it  has done without many other  forms of sport- Baseball and all  other sports are bound to dwindle  into insignificance in face of the  tremendous world game that is  being staged now, and whether  or not Vancouver suffers from an  advertising point through the loss  of a ball franchise at the present  time will not cause the people of  this city much worry. Vancouver  has supported, is supporting and  will support every clean game to  the best of her ability, and if  stringent times have come upon  the baseball men it is most inopportune for a squeal at present.  All other men in the various  callings of life are similarly affected at the present time. Bob  Brown, the Beavers* and the  Northwestern League are extremely lucky to have a baseball  crowd at all these days. There  have been days gone by when the  Beavers have made a mint of  money. True, they have given us  good ball. They only gave what  they got paid for, and if the advertisement was good, the citizens paid for the advertisement.  The same will apply again when  better times roll around. Meantime, the Beavers will have to  undergo what many others are  undergoing, the lesson of economy in its truest sense.     -  Since the above was written the  B. C. E. R- has come to the aid  of the ball team, with financial  backing sufficient for the present.  omy in its truest sense, and they  had better learn that right away.  ���������   ���������   ���������  The Beavers have been playing  ball for a week now and are  climbing the league ladder again-  The team has apparently struck  its batting stride and the pitchers fare warming up in grand  style.  Whether  or not the pen-  HEATING Econ0%?to^icie"cy-  Our Business has bceD built up by merit alone  v;v::-LEEK&:cp.;vv ' AA JjA  Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer St. Scv^661  J. Dixon G; Murray  X  House Phone; Bay. 886 House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour  8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Hanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters ���������   .   ���������  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vinoouvtr, B.C.  "SO GOOD" IS  4X BREAD  It's so good that thousands of good housewives  daily shift the burden of baking Bread on our shoul-  . '��������� _^        . ��������� c  ders.     Home made on a big scale. That's 4X.  Phone Fair. 44 for Shelby's 4X  nant comes this way, we are satisfied with good ball- To win is not  the highest aim of any athlete-  Play the game comes first, last;  and all theNtime, and the Beavers'  are playing the game.  ThAX mJWBIMZ m  SA.8KA!I!0HIIWAN  The  Regina  Board  of  Trade  has already taken the initiative  in the matter of interesting some  of the large Canadian manufacturers in putting on the market  two flax  machines  known  as  a  puller  and  breaker.   For  some  weeks past the Board of Trade  has been in correspondence with  some of the large manufacturers  of the east with a view to getting them started in tbe manufacture of these machines, which it  is claimed would mean a  boon  to the farmers of Saskatchewan  alone   to   the   extent   of   about  $15,000,000   a   year.     Louis   A.  Hartivgsen, the representative of  old country spinning and linen  mills, has located in the city, and  is hard at work on a problem  which   faces   the   old   country  millsXhis_year.  .The industry: in  England has always secured its  raw    material    from    Germany,  Russia, and Austria-Hungary, and  now that conditions are such as to  render   a   further   commerce   in  this line impossible, the mill owners look to this country and the  United   States   to   supply   them  with the fibre.   Mr. ^Hartivgsen,  announces that he is ready to buy  from Saskatchewan farmers from  $10,000,000 to $15,000,000 worth  of fibre.   It must be pulled and  baled  into   twenty-pound   bales.  These are the'conditions imposed  as   Mr.   Hartivgsen   is   satisfied  with the quality of fibre produced  here.   When taken into eonsider-  ation, flax growing isone of the  yery important items of the farmers' work in this province, and  the fact that nearly $25,000,000  I worth of fibre is burned in the  stacks   every   year   shows   the  necessity of at once making the  waste turn to money for the producer.  Cape Race light,  on the southern coast of Newfoundland, belongs to the Canadian system and  is the most powerful; it is a hy-  peiM-adial light of 1,000,000 candle power and it is claimed to be  one   of   the   most   powerful   in  America.   It should be seen nineteen miles at sea by vessels approaching  it  on  their  trans-Atlantic trips to Canadian ports.  Over 2,500 munition mechanics  and members of trades required  by the home government have  now applied for positions to go to  England to make munitions. It  is hopeel that an early settlement  will be made and that the men  will get this long looked for opportunity, to get work as the immediate prospect hereabout seems  decidedly unfavorable.  The best way for a man to  train up a child in the way he  should go is to go that way  himself.  Now is the  Time  to Buy  GARDEN  HOSE  We have a special Sale of Hose on now.  Regular $5.50 for  -  $4.75  Regular $5.00 for  -   $4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.     Phone us your order.   We make prompt delivery.  W.R.Owen ft Morrison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware ,  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  Ji  M  -!l  M  ���������if  If  til  si *  8  ���������������������������1  i  I  1  ������������������I"  X  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, June 18, 1915.  II  i  It |  !  ft  fa  ������  Hit  w  a %  X  ��������� n  I  ix  !:!  ���������������  f:  II  p  The weekly sewing meeting of,  the Silver Cross Circle of King's  Daughters will be, held at the  home of Mrs. Geo. Kellatt, 446  13th Ave. West, on Monday next,  at 230 p.m.  * ������ ��������� *  At the Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church on Sunday evening  fa sacred hymn service will be  held. Old time hymns will be used  and Rev. Dr. Pidgeon will give  several ������short discourses on the  hymn writers.  ��������� ���������   ���������  The many friends of Miss Lena  Peace, 75 8th avenue west, will  be pleased to know that she has  been successful in taking her li-  centialeship as a solo performer  of the Royal Academy of Music.  Miss Peace is a pupil of Madam  Pratt-Stuart, A.R.C.M., the well-  known   pianist   of  this   city.  # ������������������   ���������_  Thieves have been . making  themselves prominent at the bathing beaches,, and a number of  bathers at English Bay and Kitsilano have felt the loss of articles stolen by1 the marauders- The  police are now busy endeavoring  to solve the mysteries and something is likely to happen in a day  or so.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Word has been received by Mr.  W. W. Fallows, of the Thomson  Stationery Company, well known  in this district, that his brother,  Lieut.-Col. Albert Fallows, had  been killed in-an engagement at  the Dardanelles. Deceased was an  officer commanding the 8th Lancashire Fusiliers, a Territorial  force which on the outbreak of  war-volunteered to go to Ireland to. replace the regular garrison there. Later his regiment  volunteered for service in Egypt  and subsequently* moved to Alexandria and from there to the Dardanelles-  Aid. Ed. Mahon, of Ward V.,  has gone for a holiday trip to  eastern cities as far as Toronto.  He will touch at a number of the  middle west centres en route, and  will be away for about a month,  having secured leave of absence  from the city council.  MT.  PLEASANT Y.P.S.C.E.  The above society held its regu  lar meeting in the schoolroom of  the church on Monday, June 14,  at the usual hour. The ��������� topic,  '.'Song and Its Meaning," was in  charge of Mr. E. Butchar and  Miss B. Anderson. A very in-,  teresting and instructive address  was given by Mr. McAulay.  The topic for next Monday is,  "Christ's Call to the Young,"  and is in the hands of the Social and Prayer Meeting Committees. Weather permitting, this  meeting will take the form of a  picnic to Second Beach, to which  all interested are invited.  HAS ACCEPTED THE CALL  Word was received last evening that at the meeting of the  presbytery of Prince Albert, Sask.,  held yesterday, Rev. A. E. Mitchell, M. A., of. that city, had accepted the call extended to him  by Mount Pleasant Presbyterian  church, and will leave shortly for  Vancouver to take up his new  duties of this congregation. Mr.  Mitchell, previous to going to  Prince Albert three years ago,  held important charges at Hamilton and Ottawa, and comes here  with a fund of pastoral experience, a splendid oratorical gift,  and a reputation as an excellent  pastor, qualities whic^h ought to  be sufficient for advanced work  in Mt. Pleasant congregation.  PRODUCERS' EXCHANGE  The farmers of the Fraser'-Valley- have arranged to consign  their products to the Fraser Val  ley and B. C. Producers' Exchange at the chy market oh Saturday next so that the consumer  may buy direct from the producer through the above agency.  Consignments will also be sent in  during the week should the citizens show their appreciation of  this effort to supply them direct.  LAW STUDENTS  WIN DEBATE  Vancouver law students were  successful in retaining the Paterson. Shield in a debate with the  University of Washington students on Saturday. The resolution  was to the effect that the United  States should enter the war on  the side of the allies. Rev. Dr.  Pidgeon, Mr. S. S. Taylor, K.C.,  and Chief Justice Clements were  the judges, and the Vancouver  debaters were Messrs. Maxwell,  MacKenzie and Ginn-  CITY   MARKET  FARMERS' DAY  Nothing succeeds like success  is an old adage, but it is as true  to-day as ever. The crowds at  the market last Saturday indicate that the consumers of our  fair city are showing their appreciation of the efforts of the city  hall market committee, Manager  Edgett and others in bringing  them into closer touch with the  producer, thus providing an opportunity to purchase fresh fruit  and produce grown by white men  at fair and moderate prices. May  next Saturday find even a larger measure of success.        J.T.S.  CITIZENS'     PATRIOTIC  SERVICE  THE MT, PLEASAtfT GIRLS'  RED CROSS SUB. CLUB  Under the direction of Mrs.  J.' C. Kemp, the Mount Pleasant  Girls Red Cross Surgical Club  contributed largely to f the  comfort of the buyers ' and  sellers at the city market  last Saturday when they  provided an excellent luncheon  for the moderate sum of 25c. The  entire proceeds will be used for  the purchase of materials for hospital dressings for] the wounded  at the front through the kindness  of the following donaters of provisions: Vancouver Creamery,  Turner's Dairy, Almond Ice  Cream Co., Standard Dairy, Mc-  Callum's Hardware, City Market, National Tea Co., PioneeV  Meat Market, Sanitary Market,  Woman's Bakery and Ladies  Guild of Mt. Pleasant church.  Success to the Club- J.T.S.  LYNN VALLEY  MUSICAL FESTIVAL  This service will be held as  usual in the Dominion theatre at  8 pirn.', next Sunday, by Mr. John  T. Stevens. A special musical  program, including solos and  duets will be arranged by Mr. W"  H. Kelly, and an address on patriotism will be given by Mr.  Maxwell Smith. An organ recital  will also be rendered commencing  at 7.J30 p.m. Special effort has  been made to make this an exceptionally bright and enjoyable  service. Everybody is invited. Admission free. Doors open at 7.20.  Program will appear in Saturday  and Sunday papers.  -        _.. .''������������������  PIONEERS' PI0WO  The annual musical festival  held in Lynn Valley will take!  place this year on June 21, 22  and. 23- This musical festival was  organized several years ago by  Mr. A- E. Waghorne, now of. Wal-  laceburg, Ontario, when he was a  resident on the north shore of  Burrard Inlet. Each succeeding  year the festival has been gaining in popularity until now it is  one of the musical events of the  province, and has proved a splendid training for all those who  have taken > part. This year will  be no exception to the rule, and  elaborate preparations are being  made for the success of the affair. The secretary, Mr. F. M.  J. Barker,' Lynn Valley, has announced that no less than five  hundred entries have already  been received. Last year and  the year previous St.. ..lichael 's  Anglican choir of Mount Pleasant, were successful in carrying  away a number of the trophies,  and this year will again be in line  for further laurels. The St.  Cecilia Choir, of Christ church,  Vancouver, were also successful,  under the leadership of Mr.  Chubb,'in gaining some of the  prizes donated, and these, with  many other entries, will go again  tp the beautiful Lynn Valley hall  this month to compete.  In addition to the musical  competitions there are reading  events. Last year and the year  previous Miss Jessie M. Robert  son, of Mount Pleasant, won the  the gold medal in Class A- in  this division.  114 Broadway, Near Main. F. H. GOW, Mgr.  FEATURES FOR WEEK OF JUNE 21  The Home of Paramount Pictures  HEADLINERS  MONDAY and  TUESDAY  WEDNESDAY  and  THURSDAY  FRIDAY and  SATURDAY  Charles Chaplin in  A JITNEY ELOPEMENT  . Two Reels.  House Peters and Charlotte Ives  in  CLOTHES  Four Parts  The -   fascinating,     irresistible  Marguerite Clark in  THE CRUCIBLE  ���������,       ��������� Five Parts  Full Particulars on Page Five  HANBURVS  For  LUMBER-SASH-DOORS  WOOD & COAL  Pkone: Bayview 1075  Vancouver Pioneers' Association to the number of a couple of  hundred went over to the Canyon  View Hotel picnic grounds oh  Saturday last and celebrated the  events of long ago. It was just  29 years ago since the great fire  swept Vancouver, long before  most of. us were aware that such  a place was on the map, and the  old timers had an exceptionally  good time feasting their.memories on events of days gone bye.  Pete Larson, of-North-Vancouver,  had charge of the lunch provided,  and Pete was right there with  the goods for his friends.  SOUTH VANCOUVER  MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS  DOUBLE PROWNttfa  AT MOODYVILLE  SYNOPSIS   OF   COAL   MINING  REGULATIONS  BROWNE & BEATON  Chemists  Main and Pender Sts.  Phone: Sey. 293  & Druggists  TWO      Davie & Granville Sts.  STORES Phone: Say. 3630  A three-months' subscription to the Western Call will be  given FREE to all customers presenting this ad..and making  a purchase of 50 cents or more. This offer is good at either of our two stores.  Bring her to the coolest and sweetest place in town for a quiet  chat, and a dish of our famous Velvet Ice Cream.  PRIVATE BOXES  THAT MEW STORE  Lee Building.  On Broadway near Main  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,    MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  South   Vancouver   reeve   and  council are still at loggerheads.  This  endless muddle into which  the reeve and his council has put  the municipality is now proving  a  very serious problem for the  financial future of the municipality-   Even  now  there  is  a  volume of arrears and no prospect  of a settlement.   The bank has  refused   to   advance   any   more  money, but in the face of, impending distress  in  the  district,  the  reeve   and  councillors  refuse  to  come to terms.   A vigorous application of common sense coupled  with plain every day decency and  courtesy    towards   one    another  would go a long way towards settling the difficulties which have  unfortunately   crept   into   civic  business.   The  council   of  South  Vancouver is responsible to the  ratepayers, who will not be slow  to choose a business slate at the  next election.   Meantime the burlesque legislation which has characterized the municipality to the  south so far this year will continue till tlie next municipal election  and the inconvenience  and  chagrin   of  municipal   employees  from office men to school teachers  will increase in proportion to the  egotistical   methods   adopted   in  the municipal hall.  A most interesting letter from  the front from Douglas M. John-  i stone, who is serving with the 72  Seaforth Highlanders, has been  held over till next issue for lack  of space.  The old* Moodyville premises  across the inlet were the scene of  a double drowning accident on  Saturday afternoon last, when  Mr. W. A. Damen, of North Vancouver, formerly of this city, and  Miss Hazel Perry, met death. It  seems that a party composed of  Mr- and Mrs. Damen and the two  Perry"sisters had~gdne f or a row  in a -boat up the inlet. When*)  near the Moodyville boom of logs  Mr. Damen and Miss Perry got  out to give a couple of dogs  which accompanied the party,  some exercise, and while on the  legs and in the act of helping one  of. the dogs onto the boom, the  log rolled, precipitating the young  lady into the water. Mr. Damen  immediately came to her assistance, the result being that both  of them went to the bottom.  Meantime the other occupants of  the boat were , some distance  away and heard nothing of the  cry for help that went up.  Mr. Damen was 32 years of  age, and had for some time been  employed as accountant and assistant secretary of the Wallace  Fisheries, Ltd., and was well and  favorably known to many in this  community. He was a native of  Toronto, and leaves his wffe alone  to mourn his early and tragic demise- Miss Perry was the daughter of, Mr. G. S. B. Perry, formerly news-editor of the Daily  World,' and the family had gone  to North Vancouver to spend the  summer, while the father was in  San Francisco at the exposition  in connection with the B. C. exhibit. Previous to going to the  north shore, a short time ago,  they had lived in Fairview, and  the young lady was highly esteemed. The sudden and sad fatality has called forth many expressions of sympathy for the  friends of the deceased. An inquest held on Monday pronounced death due to accidental  drowning-  Coal mining rights of the Doinin-  on, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the  North-west Territories and in a portion of the province of British Columbia, may bX leased for a term, of  twenty-one years at an annual rental  of $1 an acre. Not more than 2,560  acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the , Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in which the rights applied for  are situated. .    '  In surveyed territory the land, must  be described by sections, or -legal  sub-divisions of 'sections, and in un-  suryeyed territory the tract applied  for shall be staked out by the applicant  himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of, $5 which will be refunded if the rights applied for are  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the  rate of five cents per ton.  " The^persoh' operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay the  royalty thereon. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished'^at least  once a year.  The lease will include the'coal mining rights only, but the lessee may be  permitted to purchase whatever available surface rights may be considered  necessary for the working of the mine  at the rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary, Ot-1  .the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of  Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister  of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  ���������58782."  .'P.;T.-P.A3I8-  THE  SHOE  BEPAUt MAN  has removed from  Cor. 7th and Main to  2410 Main Street. Near Broadway  Bring  your   Bepair   Work   here  and get a free pass to the Bro.il-  way Theatre  "Book-keeping and Shorthand  made easy"  Taught   rapidly i and  efficiently  by  James Black, Certified Teacher of  ������       Commercial Subjects  Phone:  Fair.  16301,. or write 826  15tb Ave. West  Terms   on   Application.      Private  instruction by arrangement  Kingsway Market  - x rr^At-8tb Avenue ^ ,^ ^  live and Dressed Poultry, Babbits and Pidgeons.  Potatoes, per sack 90c  Plants of All Kinds  O. A. SHAJIPB. Prop.  SHEET MUSIC SAJoE  All  40c,   50c  and  60c  Music  2 COPIES FOB 5c  Latest  Songs,  Waltzes, Marches,  Two  Steps, Classical and Modern Music,  Everything    goes.  COWAN'S MUSIC 8TOBE  250 Kingsway,  near  8th Ave.  ESTABLISHED 1886  Ceperley, Rounsefell & Co. Limited  INVESTMENTS and INSURANCE  - ". ��������� -      , . - - ..?  Government,  Municipal  and  Corporation  Bonds   (Canadian),  yielding  from   5   per   cent,   to   7   per   cent.  - Bents  and Mortgage Interests Collected.  Investments made. on First Mortgage and Estates managed" under personal supervision.       ���������  Insurance���������Fire,' Life;    Accident,    Marine,    Automobile,    Employers'  Liability. " \ ���������  Molson's Bank Building  543 Hastings St. West  How son the millenium would  come if the good things people intend to do to-morrow were only  done to-day.  Custom Shoe Bepairing  P. PARIS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE CO.  BEST SHOE BEPAWING IN THE CTY  Work  Done  While  You  Wait *  Work Called for and Delivered  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' and any Kind of Special Shoes Made  to Order.  64 HASTINGS STREET W.   Next  Columbia Theatre  Phone:   Seymour  1770. VANCOUVER,  B.  C.  I'  _S't  1%,^,

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