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The Western Call May 21, 1915

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 ���������' J- >r  0-c    \ -^X X. :  7   ���������'   /  4  " *  VOLUME vn.  ," vX i# "������  X   *>  *  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,      FRIDAY.   MAY 21,  1915  5 Cents Per Copy,  No. 2.  THE MONEY BY-LAWS$  [MAYOR TAYLOR is anxious to get southing  going to fill the dinner pail of the worker. -  So  are we all.  Mr. Taylor is, however, unable to see arty  way to fill that dinner pail except by taking  the provisions from the dinner pails of the citizens of the city. He wants to have voted from the  people's money funds to do public works at the  expense of the citizens, which can and must be  filled, and they are not blind to a source from  I have not sufficient for their current needs as  matters stand. Q.  The citizens, however, want the dinner pails  done without at this time because the citizens  which the means should come to fill them, namely  | from the five millions of the citizens' money in  possession of the Great Northerri Railway..  That the citizens should be bled for relief  works when this rich American corporation, hav-  |  ing taken the land of the city at a price is allowed to retain the money unused, is a strange  matter;  Mayor Taylor should remember that the deal  with that corporation was made during his term  of office.  He is now in office again.  '��������� Many believe that the original deal w'as a oite  sided one in which the city got the worst of it.  Many believe that the city should now force  that company to carry out their undertaking  or secure the reversion of the lands on the  ground of false dealings on the part of the  Company.  Is there any reason why Mr. Taylor appears  to be blind to this obvious supply for the relief  of the workers of the eity and for his anxiety  to get something going to make the city bear  the burden, when it should be so unnecessary.  Mr. Taylor seems to have no stake in the city  property. Presumably he has none in the.G. N.  R.  either. " X   ���������   .  IS GERMANY FIGHTING  FOR HER LIFE?  COMMENTING on the American note to Germany the Berlin papers say "Cannot America understand that Germany is fighting for  her life, that Germany is fighting for her very  existence ? .-.'..  It is manifest that America understands no  such thing; It is very evident that the life and  existence of Germany has not been, and is not  now menaced. Germany was just as safe from  attack from Britain as the United States is today. Even now in this war against the tremendous aggression of Germany there is absolutely  no desire or purpose on the part of any power  to destroy Germany. None know better than  the well informed mind of the American people  that a people of seventy millions are not so easily  destroyed.  Germany has learned to her cost and will still  further-learn that even a small people of seven  millions are not easily destroyed.  That Germany as a cold matter of fact de-  , signed to destroy the Belgian people is made  manifest by deliberate consistent and awful  crimes. Many a man of the Belgian race will  Xjreep througbJttfe-cut off-frbm the-possibility  of seeing his children about his knees. Many  a woman will go childless to the grave bearing  mute witness to this brutal design of. a brutal  race. \-'' ;'..;���������  It may well be that there is in the mind of  the German leaders that there will be demanded  of them an eye 4for an eye and a tooth for a  tooth. If this were so then terrible would be  the reckoning Germany, would have to pay, but  these matters are in the hahds of God, Who  has said, "Vengeance is mine, and I will repay."  Britain, France, Russia will not arrogate to  themselves the functions of the Almighty, and  therefore Germany is not in danger of receiving  from their hands the treatment she has given  Belgium. But German militarism is in, danger.  The arrogance and the organization for offensive warfare on the part of Germany must and  will  be  destroyed.  The Lord came to the earth primarily to put  away sin. He has established his Gospel and  the personality and machinery to carry it out  that men may be separated from their sin and  saved from destruction.  But if the sinner will not be separated from  his sin, in pursuance of his purpose to put away  sin Tie will put the sinner away with the sin.  from which he refuses to be separated.  To illustrate the present condition, by the  Lord's plan we say that it is the purpose of  the allies to put away from Europe and the  world the deadly blight and the constant menace of German militarism. ~"X_  Germany has no more right to transform herself into a menace of the world's peace than one  citizen has to menace the life of another with  loaded and levelled fire arms, and she must put  such menace away. X  If Germany would rather die than give up  this line of action then Germany chooses death,  and we are of the opinion she will find it. But  that is her affair, and not the purpose or choice  of the  allies.  If Germany would throw down her arms,  which she was never justified in creating,- of  taking up, she would be safe to-morrow.  This America knows, and no hysterical protests of Germany will shake that knowledge.  And as American interests are threatened, not  quite immediately perhaps as the interests of  France and Russia or Britain, but, nevertheless  is threatened, such appeals will .not avail.  TAX SALES  ��������� HE TAX SALE SYSTEM is the subterfuge of admittedly incompetent civic administrators.   It is unjust and does not realize its aim.   It breeds trouble, creates legal difficulties and fails to produce revenue.  Why longer tolerate this antiquated method  of getting  revenue ?   It  is  up to  the  citizen property owners to rectify the anomalous situation, and for that purpose it is proposed to organize the Property Owners' League.   If you are interested in maintaining the  stability of real property values then cut out and sign the coupon on page 5 of this issue.  NEW  GOVERNMENT  GRAIN BLEVATOB FOR VANCOUVER  Construction work will be commenced immediately on the big government grain elevators at  the foot of Salsbury Drive, according to the contractors, Messrs. Barnett, McQueen & Co., who  took out a building permit for $700,000 on; Wednesday. This big structure will hold 1,300,000  bushels of grain and with its complete equipment will cost $1,750,000. The Board of Grain Commissioners have promised to have \\. ready to handle the western share of the big grain, crop  which is expected on the prairies this year. Mr. H. H. Stevens, Mi P., has,been working hard  getting these big public workS under way,'and it is expected that the arrangements will also be  made for the immedate construction of the drill hall in Grandveiw. ,   ,        .  ITAEY  IT SEEMS AT LAST as though Italy had decided to throw her lot in, with the Allies.  There has seemed to be a good deal of Hesitancy in regard to the course of. Italy. Really  perhaps there has been none..  At the beginning of the war Italy was not  at all prepared to enter the strife. Like Britain  she had perforce to begin from the beginning,  and prepare for the fray.    i"  Not trusting her, Germany had seen to it  that Italy had no modern artillery. The markets  of the world were so filled with orders from, the  Allies that she was unable to buy them abroad,  she had therefore perforce to manufacture guns  for herself.  Her army on paper was one thing and her  army in being was another. The demands of the  J_riple^Uance,i!aA.^  sources of Italy for as many years as the drie-  bund had existed, and Italy perforce practised  ecomomy as she was able. She had no fear of-  attack from the Allies, and it is to be supposed  that she had no thought of joining them against  the associates with whom she had with more or  less grace marched for many years.  But 'the times have altered. Italy wants  freedom from the crushing yoke of Prussian  militarism. She wants to have her share of the  spoil of the Turk in Europe ? She wants to have  her part in theXnew Europe which is now beginning to appear. Therefore she is joining her natural allies.  Spain will also be inclined to join the ranks  of the allies and it is said to be supposed that  there will for the first time in modern days be  a solid front shown by all the Latin people of  Europe against the menace of the Teuton  With Italy it is probable that the Balkan  states will enter the fray.   Thus, we might see  within a short time Roumania, Bulgaria, Servia,  . Greece, Italy and Spain joining in the great conflict.  If this transpires it is little short of pertain  .that Denmark, probably assisted by Norway and  Sweeden and Holland will also enter the pool of  the nations to destroy the Military Juggernaut  which has crushed out so many lives.  Then if America makes her> voice heard backed by her potential power what can there be but  the end.  But none of these things may happen, therefore it is idle to speculate Until the event transpires.  In the meantime we shall go on grinding the'  grist which offers to our mills, and we shall go  on grinding that grist exceeding small.  Sixty Cameron Highlanders wereXfound at  their post. There was still life in ten of them  but they were all down, around them was a semicircle of German dead. Whisper it low. The  account states, th^t the number of the semicircle  amounted to five thousand corpses.  It costs something to grind the grist but  the grinding is effectual.  We do not glory overmuch in it for there is  not a man of us who a short year ago would not  rather have met these men as friends. But the  decision lay not in the power of all of us or of  our leaders, and so as we have to grind, let the  work be done effectually.  ;_  AfcVO VON ALVSNSLEPEN  THE  NOTORIOUS "ALVO" has  become the  stock excuse for all who wish to in some manner load the Dominion government with the  responsibility for acts of which they themselves  are ashamed.  The Victoria "Week," in its issue of May 15,  1915, found it useful to explain the rather extraordinary course pursued by some of the residents of Victoria in their recent outburst of  spleen against Germans and Canadians who were  unfortunate enough to-have some remote German  connection,  Canadians generally were inclined to overlook the rather rash course pursued by the  Victorians insofar as it applied to the German  Club or the German Hotel. But it was most  Unfortunate that, citizens of forty years' standing should be made the victims of a mob. The  "Week"apparently feels this strongly and pro--  ceeds to lay the blame on the Dominion authorities.  It says:  "The reasons for their action will be found in  "the following recital. Soon after the outbreak  "of the war Alvo Von Alvensleben went to Ger-  "many. He subsequently.returned.to Vancouver  "and later on took up permanent quarters in  " Seattle. From this safe vantage ground he has  "been in regular communication with pro-Ger-  "mans in Victoria, who kept him supplied with  "information which rendered all these parties  "liable to arrest. Although Alvensleben repeatedly visited Vancouver no attempt was made to  "arrest him."  Now, this statement is true, only " Alvo did  not" go to Germany soon after the outbreak  of war" nor did he "repeatedly visit Vancouver"; nor is it true "no attempt was made to  arrest him."  The facts are that "Alvo" went to Germany  months before the war and left Germany before  war was declared. He came to New York, and  from there to Seattle and as far as can be learned he has never been tp Vancouver, and , further, orders were issued for his arrest while he  was yet in New York.  The "Week" speaks with an air of positive  knowledge. It-says "He (Alvo) has been in regular communication with pro-Germans in Victoria." If they know this why have they not  given the authorities this information 1 If any  Canadian is guilty of trafficking with the enemy  he is subject to the law. all the authorities want  is "evidence," and it behooves the "Week" to  give this or cease making false charges against  a government as an excuse for useless patriotic  outbursts of Victoria  citizens.  The "Week" also says, "He subsequently  'returned to Vancouver." This is not true in  any sense. We are heartily in support of the  movement to intern alien enemies and to prosecute all naturalized Canadians who become offensive, but this will not be forwarded by glaringly false accusations against the militia authorities, whose duties are onerous and difficult.  Unless we are to descend to the level of German practices, we cannot condemn naturalized  Canadians without a fair trial, and if the  "Week" and others who so readily condemn  the authorities, will come forward and supply  the information they claim to privately hold .it  will be difficult to convict them.  PROHIBITION BANQUET  THAT THE SPIRIT OF REFORM is strong in  Vancouver was amply evidenced by the large  . and representative banquet of business and  professional men held in Dominion' Hall on Tuesday evening last. Over 500 of the leaders of  business in Vancouver sat at; its tables, and there  was expressed a unanimity of opinion seldom  found in an, audience gathered for such a  cause. Great credit is /hie to; the committee who  had the work in charge, but special mention  should be made of the tireless efforts of Mr. D.  F. Glass, to whose splendid organizing ability the  ultimate success wag largely due.  The speakers of the evening were Rev. Dr.  John McKay and ��������� H.  H.  Stevens,  M.P.   Both  speakers emphasized the necessity of concentration of effort and the uselessness of mere pass- ,  ing of resolutions.  Mr. Stevens  In his opening remarks Mr. Stevens traced  the history of the prohibition movement "which  was as old as the liquor traffic." He then demonstrated from the Jatest statistics that Canada consumed less liquor per capita that  France, Germany, Great Britain and the United  States, but that the consumption of beer in Canada had more than doubled in the past thirty  in the consumption of spirits and wines. The .  figures were:  Canada:  Spirits Wine Beer  1870���������   1.43 gal. .195 gal. 2.163 gal.  1911���������     .85 gal. .104 gal. 5.434 gal.  Germany:  1911���������   1.84 gal.       1.39   gal.       23.4     gal.  France:  1911���������   2.45 gal.    '29.3     gal.  X'.l  United States:  1911���������   1.07 gal.  Great Britain:  ��������� .1896���������     .'80 gal.  .1911���������     .60 gal.  5.3     gal.  .56 gal.       17.21    gal.  30.  26.3  gal.  gal.  Grain Used-for Distillation in������ Canada  1908���������99.310,000 lbs., producing 6,849,000 gals.  proof spirits.  1911���������70.616,000 lbs., producing 5,255,000 gals.  proof spirits.  "This reduction in the production' of proof  spirits in Canada during jrecenfc,years," explaiji-  " ed"Mr. Stevens, "was due to the rapicf extension  of local option in many of the eastern provinces,  and was eloquent testimony to the gradual success attending the efforts of those working along  these lines."-  The speaker-then gave some interesting figures showing the capital invested in the business  in 1911 and the wages paid. Capital invested  in Canada in the production of malt and spirituous liquors was $43,238,000, or only 3.45 per  cent, of the capital invested in all manufacturing.  The wages paid amounted to $3,899,000, or only  1.67 per cent, of total pay roll for industrial  workers. "You will be?met," said he, "with the  old argument of vested interests and when you  are just, keep these figures in mind, the capital  invested being only 3^ per cent, of total and  the wages paid only li/2 per cent, of that paid  to the.mdmtj^woTlcere^  Continuing, Mr.: Stevens referred' to the  great difference of opinion which existed as to  the best method to control the traffic, and that  it is always wise to get some common ground.  "This," h said, "could be found in the general  agreement that, the excessive use of alcoholic  liquors was an unmitigated curse." To demonstrate the point he drew attention to the practice of insurance companies which refused even  to moderate drinkers their most favorable policies and rejected the heavy drinkers entirely.  "Was this done for sentiment? No. It was cold  business based upon the most vitally accurate  statistics. Then, again, take the large transportation coinpanies, they refused, many of them, to  employ men who used liquor in any form or at  any time, on or off duty. The same thing  'applied more and more to nearly all large employers, whose universal testimony was that  drink was a curse to business as well as to the  men personally."  "The latest testimony which we have on the  effect of liquor upon the efficiency of men in a  great movement was from the leaders of the  great armies of the world now locked in the  titanic struggle in Europe, said Mr. Stevens,  which remark brought put a burst of applause  from the audience. "Russia led in the movement. The Czar had forbidden the use of liquor  during the "period of mobilization. This action was'based upon the experience of 1905  when Russia had been whipped by Japan because her soldiers were so drunken. In that  Avar (1905) it was common for whole battalions  ������ of soldiers to be drunk and incapable of going  to the front; and incapacity and unreliability  was the common order of the day. It; was  Count. DeWitte, who. after the war was over,  brought the whole traffic in liquor under the  control of the government, primarily to con--  trol it, but also to get the revenue from it. The  revenue in 1913 amounted to ,$500,000,000, and  when the Czar desired to abolish the use of  liquor his finance minister objected on the  ground that it would impair the revenue just  when it was most needed. But the Czar removed the minister,, and abolished traffic in liquor,  first during mobilization, then its effect was  found to be so beneficial that it was extended to  the period of the war, then later it was declared abolished forever."  (Continued  on. Page 4)  M$yj0mm  .^fJil'lVi:!'!'!-}*!^ THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, May, 21,1915.  :^  WAR TIME IN THE NORTH  rr_y  War-time in the north is in  some measure the same heavy experience that all of Canada and  all of the Empire are finding it.  The burden has fallen on the  people of the North as it has  fallen on many others, in making so much the harder their  problem of living. It was feared  they would face much suffering  during the past winter because of  shortage of food, and the Dominion government, through its department of Indian Affairs, found  it necessary to make some special provision for them. For  the Indians are still the wards,  of the government, and pur laws  say they must be eared for and  protected.  The fear that there would be  a shortage of food in the Mac  kenzie river and Hudson Bay districts in particular arose through  the announcement of the trading  companies that they would not  be able to give the Indians their  usual supplies. This was because  the fur trade, upon which all  business in the wilderness is based, had very seriously fallen off  and was likely to continue unsatisfactory for the whole year; and  the reason of this in1 turn was  that it had been interfered with  by the war. Thus comes about  the close connection between the  disturbance in Europe and the  condition of the Indians in northern Canada. Because of the  war fewer people the world over  will be buying fur 4 coats and  caps; because of this lessened'demand the trading companies will  not want from the trappers as  many raw pelts as usual, and  because the Indians will haye no  market for their winter's fur  catch they will be unable to get  credit from the stores, and so  must go without the white men's  wares to which they have  become accustomed.  There will not, however, be the  suffering that was first feared.  were caught in the lakes and  were dried and eured for future  use. Both the hunting and the  fishing went on all through the  winter, and while the Indians  thus have chiefly a meat diet  that best suits them. They miss  the sweet things they have had  heretofore from the traders'  stores, but war-time conditions  will not seriously affect them after all.  The disturbance of the fur  trade as a result of the war is,  however, a matter of far-reaching importance. It touches the  interests of the wilderness country at more points than its food  supply alone. The world's trade  in furs amounts to about ninety  million dollars each year, and  one-third oi this Enormous total  is produced in North America.  The largest part of America's  f.ur yield comes, of course, from  the northland of Canada. Through  Edmonton alone, one of the chief  centres of the raw fur trade in  Canada, two and one-half million  dollars' worth of furs pass an-  annually. Most of the furs caught  by the Indian and other trappers in this country are sent  eventually to London, the world's  greatest fur market, whence they  are distributed by the jobbers  and manufacturers. Paris, Moscow, Leipzig and New York are  also great fur markets, each doing in normal years a business  with all parts of the world that  runs into many million dollars.  The ultimate market in every  case is, of course, the consumer,  the man or woman who has a  liking for fine fur- garments and  is willing to pay a price for them  that is three or four hundred  times what was received by the  man who caught the fur in the  first place.  Had this year been as other  years, the trappers in the north  with prime carcases of. moose or  deer, was in a way as exciting  as if the day's catch had been fur  instead of meat. The meat was  made into pemmican and stored  for the winter, sometimes in very  crude caches and sometimes in  storehouses. .. The fishermen, too,  [bestirred themselves, and great  Unlike the war-stricken countries quantities of excellent whitefish  of Europe, where, with the difficulty of importing food from  outside, there is also a shortage  at home because the farms and  orchards are in ruins, the wilderness regions of northern Canada  have a food supply of their own,  even ^though all other supplies  may be cut off. For there is  enough animal life in the north  to support all of its human life  many times over. Millions of  caribou and other wild folk  whose flesh is good to eat roam  over the northern plains, and the  lakes are full of fish. Before the  white man went into the wilderness with his stores and fancy  eatables the Indians depended entirely upon the food supply that  they got by their own hunting,  and now the failure of the other  supplies will mean that they must  do so again.  The government is helping its  hunting -and with nets for their  northern wards by supplying  them with ammunition for their  fishing, and has advised them all  to hunt for food instead of fur.  There is, therefore, but little danger of suffering on that score  and no possibility of general starvation, as some" thought, unless  the animal life of the north  should strangely fail.  Large supplies of meat and fish  were laid up for the winter's use,  for the Indians took the advice  of the government and immediately set about the stocking of  their larders. While it was still  early in the fall many hunting  parties went out in quest of game  and  the   daily  round-up,   when .     _-  the hunters came back to camp w<>������ld have begun in November  ��������� j, .���������      _          _i������ ^ +r\      crai-Yta-f     +V1011.     -no-ri-      aaaamn'a  expected. The experience may,  however, be of benefit to them by  throwing them upon their own resources a little more. They have  of late been growing more and  more dependent upon the white  man, and have lost much of that  sturdy self-reliance that once was  theirs. A change in their domestic economy may come about  through the present force of circumstances, just as a change is  likely to result in our own cases.  Meanwhile it is of interest to  note that the war in Europe,  which is bringing in so many  new conditions and .influencing  the life of the world in so many  new ways, is having its effect  even upon those unknowing people  in the far-away wilderness of the  north. They are at least being  compelled to forego some of their  "luxuries."  "Pride of the West"  -   ������������������     , .. '    BRANP    OVDHAUA S8JRT8, PANTS and JKACXJJfAW  CWT8JHG  wAmvAorvwv nr Vancouver  By.  MACKAY SMITH, 3U1R & CO., UP.  "Buy Goods Jtf&de at Home, and get both tbe  Goods and the Money."  SERVICE FIRST  * ������  OUR one  thought and purpose' on all appointments is  GENTEEL SERVICE.   We leave no details for, your  care.  0,"UR    CHANEL    and    RECEPTION    ROOM  will   afford   you   any > privacy   you   may  desire.  MOUNT PLEASANT UNDERTAKING CO.  Phone: Fairmont 189 154 8th Ave. E. (near Main)  I  Tile Pioneer Meat Market  Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor, Frank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats  ������  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices io Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  to gather their next season's  catch. The summer-caught fur is  practically valueless, and the hest  pelts are those of. the animals  trapped in midwinter, when the  fur is thick and firm. From the  opening of .the muskrat season  in November until the spring  break-up the trapper is a busy  man, going to and fro on his  quest of live fur through prime  val woods, over snow:cpvered  plains and hills and in weather  that sometimes- goes to seventy-  five below zero. It is a *hard  hunt, but there is excitement  about it, too, for any one of tbe  traps may capture a prize such  as a black fox or an extra fine  fisher, and the prospect-is always  alluring.   '  A good season's catch per man  averages about five hundred dollars. It sometimes reaches twice  that amount, but often falls to  two hundred dollars or less, and  accordingly as his furs total near  the one figure or the other will be  wealth or poverty for the trapper and his family. There is, it  is true, a credit system, and if  an Indian hunter bears a good  reputation he will be |iven advances upon his next season's  furs. It is the discontinuance  of-these advances-just now that  is causing the anxiety in the  north.  When a collection of fur skins  is brought to the trader he sets a  value on each skin according to  the standard in prices and pays  the trapper in trade from the  store, just as our own country  merchant gives trade for the farmer's butter and eggs. In days  gone by unscrupulous traders often took advantage of the Indians, but the wilderness people  of Oto-day' haye a better idea of  what their furs are worth and do  their shopping on a more intelligent basis. Yet they are uncertain buyers, and often they insist  upon getting things for which  they have no need or use. XV  The amount of merchandise  that ordinarily goes into the  north each year for these Indian  buyers, is really enormous. Flour,  sugar, tea and tobacco* are the  staples in the way of eatables,  but syrup, lard'and jam are also  great favorites. The dry goods  order is a large one, and includes  heavy woollen blankets, shawls,  clothing of all sorts, and sometimes fancy wares that look  strangely out of place iri the wilderness. Most of the goods are  heavy, and prepared for the purpose, but, everything in the "northern trader's /stock inust be  sound and honest, for the Indian  has learned the difference between good and bad. But now he  must -go without, for the traders  will buy no furs.    .   .  It will not be wondered at if.  the sudden withdrawal.of their  trading privileges as an indirect  result of the war proves of considerable inconvenience to the Indians and in some cases there  may be not onlyv .inconvenience  but suffering, though that is not  THE VALUE OF TEAK  BRITAIN LEVIES  LIQUOR TRAFFIC  Chancellor of the Exchequer,  Mr. David Lloyd ���������' George made  known in the House of Commons  this afternoon his plan to deal  with the question of. the too'great  consumption of alcholic liquors in  England.  He proposed a very heavy surtax on both spirits and beers containing more than seven per cent  of proof spirit and the duty on  spirits   is   to   be   doubled.  To Control Certain Areas  ' In areas producing material of  war or in which other work is  performed, and in some camp  areas, the government to have  complete control of the sale of  drink.  The chancellor estimated that  the double duty on spirits would  yield the same total as heretofore  allowing for decreased consumption. Beer would bring in ������1,600,  000 ($8,000,000) extra and wines  ������1,500,000 ($7,500,000) extra.  In the controlled areas the Government is to have the power, for  the period of the war to close  any saloon considered injurious.  Compensation will be paid to all  whose property is. appropriated.  A Modest Pruning  The root and branch treatment  originally proposed for dealing  with the liquor problem in its  relation to the output of munitions of war, dwindled to modest  pruning when the chancellor presented to the (JJouse of Commons  this afternoon the government's  scheme for restricting the sale of  drink.  The chancellor in his opening  sentence indicated that difficulties  had been met with, as he said;  "After weeks of trying to find  a solution of the question I am  prepared to take a pledge never  to politically attack this problem   again.  Continuing the chancellor of  the Exchequer said that nothing  but real necessity had driven the  Government to submit proposals  on this subject, but it was above  all important that the country be  able to utilize every available resource to increase the supplies of  munitions, of _ war. _ "Victory was  largely a question of material,  he said, and when the time came  to,drive the Germans out of Flanders and France the expenditure  of ammunition and other war  material must be on a greater  scale and of more sustained character then anything yet witnessed  in any war. 'The nation must  subordinate everything to the  present struggle and the government was entitled o ask  everyone to clear all obstacles  out of the way of winning a  struggle which means.the life or  death of the empire.  The use' of teak in ship-building is said to be increasing  throughout the world, as indicated by the value of the wood  exported from India. In 1905  this ^amounted to $2,270,000,  while'in 1913 it had risen to over  three millions. The increase is  perhaps due in part to the advertising of the qualities of teak  through the exhibition of the  famous convict ship Success,  built entirely of this wood. This  vessel was built 122 years ago;  it lay at the bottom of Sydney  Harbor for three years, was then  raised, and is still a staunch  and seaworthy craft.     V  >  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE.  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental]  Agents1, Board of Eailway Commissionerfl  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar--of British Colombia. t  Citizen Building, Ottawa. '  ABOVE!]  LUMBER  EXHIBITS  Victoria, B. C, May 19���������Further lumber exhibits have now  been despatched to foreign markets under instructions from the  Minister of. Lands. As a result  of this the. trade in overseas markets will have a comprehensive  range, of samples of British Columbia woods, both in the natural  and finished states for the information of buyers. The Canadian  trade commissioners in London,  Birmingham, Manchester, Bristol,  Glasgow, Paris, Shanghai, Yokohama, Auckland, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Cape Town,  Johannesburg, Durban, Columbia,  (Central America) and Buenos  Ayres'will have charge of the  exhibits. Each exhibit is accompanied by full information for  the guidance of those interested,  further inquiries being invited  by the Forest Branch with ��������� a  view to placing' the overseas importers in touch, with the British  Columbia mills. Similar exhibits will be placed at Winnipeg,  Ottawa, Montreal and other  points for the information oi  'prairie and eastern buyers.  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  X "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  All kinds of Mill Wood  Phone: Fair. 1564  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  .Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Plione: Sey. 8942.  1101 Dominion Building.  Ronnie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta Grain and Feed Store  1647 Main Street  Our Specialty   '  Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables ,  Free City  Delivery  Pbone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver, B.C.  Ytro Can Save Money  By Using.  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  Eight *2? 25 Cents  THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  32 Hides on  TangoTickets  $1.00  Tour Saving on  $1 Investment  60c  32 Bides at  a 5 cent fare  $1.60  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B7C. ELECTRIC CITY CARS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER,  Good (without transfer) on any B. C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. .until midnight.  "Q. B." Means   Quigley JBrand  Sweater Coats.  ������������������'4Q. B." Means  Guaranteed Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B." Means "Made in B. 0."  by White Help.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd.  JINGLE POT  "Our Coal Lasts Longer"  Our Vancouver Island Coal is the highest grade  mined on the Pacific Coast.v%M6re heat,'.no clinkers,  lasts longer.   Try a ton.     x  WOOD  Mill Wood and Kindling, per load.  Choice 16-inch Fir, per load..  $2.50  $3.00  BUILDER'    SUPPLIES  Partition  Tile,  Etc.  Kilgaard Fireclay Co's. Fire Brick, Sewer Pipe,  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour J5408-540OX  |__S?S!?*^^-^;Vr^iV5>  . ���������.^---"X-*'-^v^> ��������� U-- Friday, May 21, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  NOTES BY THE WAY  By W. A.- ElliB  1   Enemies  in  Our  Midst  It seems nearly time that the  authorities in Vancouver took  some steps to check the expressions of good -will towards the  enemies of'Great Britain indulged in at present by those dwelling in our  midst.  Many of these are Germans, naturalized citizens of. Canada, who  are content to make their money  here and dwell amongst us, and  at the same time openly sympathize with the Kaiser and his  murderous hordes.  Fifty years' residence in Canada cannot justify these persons  holding any position amongst us  if they openly uphold the cause  of our enemies.  A few days ago one of our  most patriotic citizens was told  to be quiet when talking of the  war in a grocer's store in this  city, and this store was owned  by two so-called Englishmen. The  reason of this was the entrance  of a pro-German American.  At the same store a lady of  my acquaintance was told not to  talk about the war as it was likely to offend customers���������like a  true woman she replied "that  she was a Britisher in a British  country and would talk of what  she liked when and where she  liked."  So mucn for the miserable  jellyfish who put the dollar before principle ahd who offend  their own countrymen and women to pander to our foes���������  '  "He who is not with me is  against me." And those who are  not content to live in Canada  and enjoy the freedom of British  rule without offending Britons  had better shake the dust of its  soil from off their feet or else  be placed under restraint. .  NOTICE���������The two gentlemen  who attempted to haul down the  flag from a certain old sailor's  shack can call again about the  same time next Sunday morning  if they require another dose of  the same kind of medicine.���������  P.S.���������The dog is dead.  ��������� ���������   *  A gentleman whom I met the  other day asked me if "Joe Martin was dead."  I replied, "No."  He replied���������"He might just  as well be for what East St. Pan-  eras sees' or knows of its member."  "I know the Hon. Joe has  plenty of-gaul, but it's about  the limit to disenfranchise an  English constituency.  ��������� *   *  Our Joe seems to have been  playing a series of losing games  lately, briefly summarized as follows':  Leadership of B. C. Liberals���������  Lost.  Mayoralty of Vancouver���������Lost  (badly).  Running a newspaper���������Lost  (short of breath).  Backing another candidate for  mayor���������Lost. (Candidate might  have won if.it wasn't for Joe).  I sincerely hope that in the  interview with St. Peter for entrance into heaven he may score  ���������a win.  ��������� ���������   *,  Will those Reverend gentlemen  who are members of clubs in the  city where card and billiard playing, to say nothing of "boozing"  goes on on Sundays, please examine their conscience?  ��������� ���������   ���������  People talk of the honor of being a member of parliament���������  but when a .member has to inter-  Pure Milk  U Quarts for $I.QQ  Guaranteed above the     All our milk comes from  standard in Butter fat.     tuberculin tested cows.  It any Person can prove tbat our mttk  is not pure in every way, we will cheerfully donate $50.00 to any charitable  institution in the city.  Delivered to your Eorae Daily  HJUXREST DAIRY  Phone: Pair. 1934  131 15th Avenue W.  view 16 dozen men every day  all looking for jobs, it seems as  if he i3 a kind of secretary of a  labor bureau.  # *   *  When are they going to cut  out the nonsense of calling the  Roman Catholic Archbishop of  Vancouver "His Grace"?  # ������   *  In 15 years the Liberals got a  little over nine hundred thousand dollars for Vancouver improvements from the Dominion  government. If he still does as  he is doing now H. H. Stevens  will get fifty million in the same  time.  * ������   ������  Count Bernstoff says "One  German ��������� sharpshooter killed 843  British in one day." (hurry up  with the ammunition). And yet  there will be enough'British left  to kill Bernstoff if he gets in the  way.  * ���������   ���������  An American lady once told a  Chinese house boy that if he had  not been in the house there would  haye been no disturbance. "No,  mreses," said the boy, "an' my  tinks if you no bin in Frisco  there nd been earthquake."  ��������� ���������   ���������  They all say that Bowser will  soon Cooke the Pidgeon.  ��������� ���������   *  I hear that the Rev. A. E.  Cooke is to stump the country  lecturing on the "Crisis.'  I always thought it was a minister's duty to preach the gospel.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Our newspapers talk a lot about  "the silent navy."  The Turks says "all newspapers are liars."  # *   #  A certain leading writer in this  eity is very fond of scoring Lord  Chas. Beresford, in fact, I notice  that any noted Protestant Unionists are liable to receive a stab  from his pen. He might stab  "Charlie" with, his pen as much  as he likes, but he might also-admit that the distance between  London and Vancouver is considerable. "Charlie" himself  generally hits out clean in the  daylight.  ��������� ���������   #  Another member of. the Unionist Clubs of Ireland, B. C. branch,  was killed at the front on April  29th in the person of Arthur C.  Robb, of the 7th battalion. The  late Mr. Robb, before^ leaving for-  the front was a member of the  staff of the B. C. Telephone Co.,  and a native of Reading, Eng.  DEAD 0.N TUB  TOWD OF HOTtO*  Lieut.-Col. W. Wart McBarg  The following obituary of Vancouver's gallant Lieut.-Col., who  fell in the cause of the Empire  at the battle of Langemarck is  taken from the Military Gazette  published in Ottawa:  To write an  obituary for each  of  the gallant Canadian officera who has  recently fallen near^ Ypres would. be_  a task impossible, not because of their  lack   of   desert,   but   because   of   our  lack of space.  ' Each in his own locality, each in his  circle of relatives and friends will be  THE hero, and where all have done so  nobly, distinctions must not be drawn.  Without injustice to any, however,  we may safely say that the late  Lieut.-Col McHarg was, because of his  notoriety as a rifle shot, the best  knoyn man who perished in Canada's first  stricken field.  At Bisley, in Britain, at Camp Perry, in the United States, and at Bock-  liffe, in Canada, his. was a well known'  figure, and on many a minor range  beside. >  Modest, kindly, a good soldier, and  in the very first flight of the  world's crack shots, his popularity was  as great as his reputation. He was a  frequent and valued contributor to  tbis paper, and only ten days before  his'death he found time to send us  his last contribution. Canada will  mourn him, but proudly.  An appreciation of him has recently appeared_ in "Arms and the  Man," the American paper which specializes so excellently upon rifle shooting, and we cannot do better than  close by quoting it verbatim:  News that Lieut.-Col. W. HaH McHarg, commanding the 7th battalion  of tho Canadian contingent in the  British army, was among the many  Canadians' killed in the fierce action  north of Ypres came as a distinct  shock to the American rifle shooting  fraternity.  None, of the many splendid Canadian riflemen was better known and  better loved on this side of the international boundary line than Hart  McHarg. Long before be won the individual long range championship of  the world at Camp Perry in September, 1913, he was a familiar figure  on American ranges, gripped by bonds  of staunch friendship to scores and  hundreds of American' followers of the  great game. Verily,' he seemed like  one of "our own." His death brings  close home the great war in which he  has played a' short but brilliant part.  In private life, Lieut.-Col. Hart McHarg wa3 a successful barrister at  Vancouver, B. C, but from his earliest youth he had a taste for military  life and that naturally led him to  interest himself in the shooting game  When the Boer War broke out he was  'an officer in a British- Columbia regiment of the Canadian militia. Unable to obtain a commission in the  Canadian volunteers raised for that  war, he enlisted in the ranks, went  out to Africa, fought with distinction  and valour, was made a sergeant and  came home to return to his militia  Command, the Duke of Connatght's  Own Bifles.  A3  a  major  in- that  regiment  he  helped to make it a remarkably - fine  shooting organization. Between it and  the  National  Guard organizations of  Washington and Oregon there grew up  a friendship and a fine, sportsmanlike  rivalry.   Tbis ' resulted   in   an   international  match, the  three participating, that became a fixed annual event.  The  rifle world  knows  of  McHarg's  aplendid shooting for Canada in other  notable    events,    the <  Palma    match  among them, and of bis work at Bisley.  His great victory in riile' shooting,  however, came with, his winning tbe  Individual Palma at Camp Perry in  1913, mentioned above, in which he  shot against 158 competitors. Two  other^ Canadians, Capt. N. Smith and  Lieut. George Mortimer, tied with  him in the total score, 20, but he  won by putting on a 74 at the 1000-  yard, having alreadw a 74 at the 800  and a 72 at the 900. Fourth in the  match was Maj. P. A. Wolf, U.S. Infantry, with 219, and fifth was Lieut.  C. T Osburn, U.S.N., with 218.  Observe the 'irony of fate in this  concluding paragraph- of the story of  the match as printed in "Arms and  the Man" of September 11, 1913:  "The winner is awarded the 'Championship Trophy emblematic of the individual long range championship of  the world with army riffe, a gold  cup received ifrom Germany, and  cash.''  It was natural and in keeping with  his character that when the Empire's  call came McHarg was among the first  Canadians to respond. Almost at once  he became a lieutanant-colonel, commanding the 7th battalion���������corresponding .to   an   American   regiment���������  Jos. H. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vwcouver, B. C.  Telephone: North Vancouver 103  WALLACE SHIPYARDS, LTD.  SHIP BUILDERS-SCOWS-REPAIRS  MARINE RAILWAY  .   North Vancouver, B. C.  /  which he fitted and hardened at Val-  cartier, and then took for, a post  graduate course to Salisbury Plain,  England.  Lieut.-Col. McHarg .was of "clear  strain," the best product of the Anglo-Saxon race. Combined in him were  the finer characteristics of the true  Briton with'the breadth of vision, the  true democracy, the splendid manliness of the Western .American. He  was a' man "to tie to."  iod ending May 8th, states further, that 46 per cent, of the oats  acreage is seeded. Considering all  returns, only 17 per cent, of the  barley acreage appears to be  seeded. Very little flax has been  sown and the acreage will no,  doubt be considerably less than  last year. One or two correspondents state that farmers are  waiting for rain before proceed-  waiung xor rain oeiore proceea-  News that he met a gallant, soldier 'a| jng to sow their oats. Alfalfa and  death at the head of his regiment,  grievous and saddening though that  news is, can hardly be termed surprising. It is such a death as might  be expected. It is the sort of death  he would have chosen.  THE WHEAT CROP  Reports, from Saskatchewan  are to the effect that seeding was  completed on Hay 2nd, and generally speaking, wheat is reported from, two to four inches high  and" making satisfactory though  slow progress. The growth is retarded somewhat by frosts, high  winds and drifting soils. Germination has been fairly even* in  good seed-beds, whereas on stubble lands and poorly prepared  soils it is not satisfactory.* The  fortnightly report bn crop conditions in the province issued by  the Saskatchewan department of  agriculture at Begins for the per-  cloyers, in nearly every instance,  stood the winter well. Very little  rain has fallen throughout the  province   during   the  past   two  weeks aqd while the crops do not  appear to have suffered directly  from   lack   of   moisture,   rain  would be welcome in all parte. -  High winds and sharp frosts have.  disturbing features, although tbe  resulting damage may be somewhat repaired if rains occur soon.,  /tn five weeks over 90,000 Belgians landed at Folkestone, and  20,000 have found residence in  the town. Qn Sunday afternoons  and during the week there are  French Protestant services for  the newcomers. A great readiness to listen to the gospel is reported. ��������� Belgian Protestant,  preachers from Antwerp, Malines  and Brussels are on the ground,  men of evangelical fervor and  power.  vr--  -(_  S      1       I  J:      t:      I:  ������858  MEALS ARE NEVER LATE  WHEN you have a NEW PERFECTION OU  Cookstove to help you with tbe Cooking.  It lights at the touch of a match���������like gas, adjusts instantly, high or low, by merely rasing or lowering the  wick. It means "gat ttove comfort with kerosene oil."  NEW PERFECTION Oil Cookstoves are made in 1, 2, 3, and 4  burner sizes) if your dealer cannot supply you, write us direct..  ROYAUTBOH.  GIVES TSVj]  OH  BBST RESULTS  __"NOW SERVING  TOR  zwsm  HOMES"  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  mVUNCHESIN   SS.    ALL CITIES  ** .  Afadelrt  Canada  THE B. C.  SULPHITE  FIBRE  CO'8.  WORKS  ON  HOWE  SOUND,   ONE  OF   THE  LARGE  INDUSTRIES  OF  B.  C.  LAWN   SEED  FEBTILIZE3  SEED OATS  Early   Rose   Seed   Potatoes  ' Grace Darling Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Beliance Seed Potatoes  F. T. VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT FEED STORE  255 BROADWAY EAST Two Phones: Fair 186 and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Chick Food for Best Results  <X? ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������!������������������  j AUtf&A'X.itV.^.vJU* -���������������*_  ">wu^������*kj rf- Aitucmkivauvu  X  THE WESTERN  CAIdJ  Friday, May, 21, 1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS, M.  P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  -. Telephone: Fairmont 1140.   SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  ������I If you do not get "CAtL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  PROHIBITION  THIS GREAT MOVEMENT has come to stay.  America has largly progressed towards the  banishment of the incubus of the sale and  manufacture of intoxicants.  Many Municipalities in Canada and at lest one  of the provinces has gone dry.-  The great decision of Russia -has taken all the  world by surprise, and the results are already  amazing.  In money Russia has already saved as much as  to cause her Chancellor to say that the war seems  light as far as the financial burden is concerned.  We predict that standing by this movement  Russia will soon become'one of the richest of the  nations.  The Jew in Russia will have an easier time.  The Monjik would" drink when there was any  drink to be found. At the week's festival of wedding ceremonies there was unlimited vodka! It  would have been as great a, disgrace to the parents of the bride to have to say that the supply  was done prematurely as it was to the hosts, at  the wedding at Cana of Galilee. And there was  the Jew only to supply the need. The funds  were borrowed at ruinous interest. Similarly at  the death wake and on every other occasion.  Thus the little crop of the moujik was mortgaged  to the Jew before it was ripe. The Jew was  sober and saving. The Russian was drunken  and open-handed. So the wealth of the community passed to the Jew.  No more security, no more money. . Then the  time came to turn and rend the Jew. But with  a sober and thrifty Russia the Jew will not be  called upon to do .that class of business and he  will be better and safer as a consequence. -  , Britain has been .brought face to" face with'  the question in a way she will never forget and  the traffic in alcohol is doomed in Britain as sure  as that victory' comes after this war.  Canada is carrying an awful, load in the  traffic and Canada has decided that it must go.  'Canada is patient and waits for the parties to  land. But we venture to say that in this matter she will not wait much longer. Neither should  she. In the light of all that is past the traffic  ought to go and the party which refuses to  heed tbis duty will regret it at leisure in the  future.   Disaster came to Rir Rodmond Roblin.  It has been coming surely since ever he turned his back on manifest duty _in_ regard tb. this _  question. ~  ���������  - He might have occupied a place of honor second1 to none among the provincial premiers.  But against his judgment and against his conscience he turned aside from the dictates of the  electorate in this regard and from tbat time  has taken loweT ground in the opinion of his  friends. .        ,     _  Any man, no matter how strong or how highly placed, who protects this traffic from the will  of the people will just as surely fall.  All who come out as honorable antagonists  of this traffic will gain thereby in the long run.  of this traffic will gain thereby in the long run.  The curse of God is definitely pronounced  against this .traffic as it is against no other and  when joined-to the curse of God is the condemnation of men the man who will successfully  stand up against both must be a giant indeed.  most of the winter would be about one ton.  Then remember that missies for the heaviest guns  in use will weigh half a ton each. Think of  batteries using these missiles by the hundreds,  not to say thousands. Imagine the straining  teams and the many motors which would be  necessary and it becomes clear that if the, Germans can be induced to advance to meet these  supplies and the reinforcements marching to the  front there will be a double advantage. : The  Russians will have so much the shorter haul and  the Germans led away from their railways, will  have that much the longer haul. With this  handicap in her favor the Russians have shown  .themselves again and again able to handle the  foe to advantage.  It appears that the withdrawal this time  has been costly to Russia. But so would an  advance have been. It is to be expected that in  the withdrawal the Russians have accounted  man for man with the enemy. But now the advantage is turning to the Russians and there  will probably be interesting reading for the next  week or two on this front.  In the west the enemy have again and again  thrown themselves on the British line of steel.  This is all to the good. The only wonder is that  the Germans are such fools. As long as they  thus throw^away men it is certain that the leaders of our troops will welcome them, and the  accounting will show a balance in bur favor. If  Germany burrows down behind her defences and  refuses to be drawn then the proportion of losses  should by all military standards be against us,  t but this they apparently have not the heart to  do. ,  Why? Her leaders know' all this. There  must be a good reason for the insane fury of  their offensive. Perhaps they cannot bring themselves to believe that they can be withstood.  More likely they fear the staying powers of  their army on the defensive. X  When the defensive becomes so marked as  to appear to the hypnotized German mind it will  perhaps be a dangerous time for her leaders and  the day cannot be long delayed when Germany  must, know.  We wrote in the Call last winter and before  the same statement appeared so widely in Britain, and this country, that when the. end appeared in sight Germany would pull all the world  down upon her head to save her face with her  people.   Perhaps that time is not far distant.  At all events if there is any satisfaction to  be had out of such a gruesome thing as even  the destruction of our enemies then that poor  satisfaction should *be . ours. A better thing  would be a return to sanity of the German race.  NEW BRITISH CABINET  THE RUSSIAN REVERSE  SOME WEEKS AGO the Call warned its readers that, the Russians would again withdraw  from the advanced front they had attained in  Galicia, etc., and warned against disappointment  in regard to,the matter.  . The war is not played as is a game of football. There are no particular goals at this time  being striven for. It is a war of attrition as  yet, and the allied commanders will do whatever  will tend most to harass and exhaust the German forces.  It has been stated again and again that Germany has in her strategic railways a great and  enormous advantage within the scope of their  lines. Now it is obvious to even the layman  that good strategy will require the allies to deprive Germany as much as possible of the benefit of these lines. Especially, so until the railway lines of the allies are fully repaired and  enabled to do all that can be done to effset  this advantage.  Now, Russia, in pressing forward in the advance into Galicia was lengthening her lines of  communication. Remember what this means.  Take the fact that a load for a team in the  bad roads which have prevailed all spring and  THE PROGRESS OP THE WAR has *demonT  strated the need of the reconstruction of the  British cabinet. For many years it has been  a coalition government, composed of many widely,  differing factions, and Premier Asquith will go  down in history as the ablest leader M a mixed  cabinet in British bistoiy.  The present cabinet is composed of liberal','  Nationalist, kabor and reactionary Liberal or.  Conservative,  the   latter  being   Churchill  and  Grey, i '  It is clear that some of the "timid" liberals  are to be dropped and more of the Conservative  type taken in. If Balfour, Bonar liaw, Austin  Chamberlain are to become members of the new  cabinet it will add greatly to its strength and  will form one of the strongest cabinets ever in  charge of the administration of a government.  One point is clear���������the war must be waged'  to the bitter end. There is no two opinions on  this point. Nothing must be allowed to' interfere  with this, nothing can come between the country  and its determination to discharge this duty to  civilization.*  :-:X.X.V        -      '������������������      ������������������Xf.X*   ���������-*   V.   "���������  THE IMMENSE CROWP which attended the  service in Loew's Theatre last Sunday night  marks the desire of tbe people to be led in  thought and devotion in fines pertaining to the  great conflict  now  waging.  The sight was a most; impressive one for those  who were taking part in that great service.  The song service wis good indeed considering  the circumstances which ^brought the contributors together. v  They came at the call of Mr. John T. Stevens,  who, since the outbreak of. the war, has conducted services every Sunday with reference to the  conditions of the war.  Each contributor was a stranger to all others.  Unlike a choir, which is trained together, and  the moral support of which is always given to  the soloist who sings among friends, these sang  to strangers among strangers.  The band gave excellent music. But even  the band felt something of the strain, for albeit  composed of good musicians, they have only,  been organized two or three weeks, and have as  a consequence, not fully got into team work.  But they did well indeed, and gave assurance  of most excellent work as they get broken in to  each other's grooves of playing.  The address was given under the same conditions, and it is to be considered that the circumstances of the giving the address were exceedingly trying. X ���������     . X' ��������� ��������� "-  These things are mentioned to give emphasis  to the wonder that the churches are not supplying more special service along these lines, or that  they are not combining to support the movement begun-by Mr. Stevens.  The aged peasants of France, assisted by wo-:  men and children, have been diligently working  on the farms wherever opportunity offered, so  that spring finds -the whole agricultural country,.  except those strips between the trenches of the  opposing armies, under cultivation. Nearly all  of the available land has been planted, and along  the front held by the" British army are thousands  of acres in wheat, some of it already more than  an inch high. France is duplicating the intense  farming idea of the Germans.      V  POISON  GASES  THUS FAR the use of the poison gases has helped Germany very little. It caught the  troops by surprise at the first, and the great  battle at Ypres was the result. That Germany  gained some ground by virtue of that surprise is  certain. But that she gained any other advantage can be most certainly denied.  Also the ground has again passed to the allies, and so the one- poor boast of gain through  such a barbarous method has been taken away  from the enemy. '  That occasion was the opportunity grandly  taken and made the most of by the Canadian  troops. There they were baptized and received  fully into the communion of the British army,  and from that association they will not again  be severed.  Since that date the deadly nature of the  gases has been, swept aside by the masks supplied to the British troops. With their usual  blindness the enemy made no accounting of the  fact that the British would so neutralize the  effects of these gases and therefore succeeded  in very effectually surprising themselves, when,  rushing on under cover or in the rear of the  fumes they prepared to wage relentless battle  with battalions of asphyxiated men. They found  a foe very much alive and they fell in heaps  before the steel of our troops over whom the  poison fumes had floated harmlessly:  Twice the fumes refused to go to the right  spot but reacted oh the troops which sent them  forth, and the results were bad for the Germans.  That terror is finished.  It would seem again as though there were  One watching the^ conflict, Who has said of His  people, "no weapon that is formed against thee  shall prosper, and every tongue which rises  against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn."  Mohammeds coffin is nothing compared with  the matter of the election.   Both are hung up.  THE DEAR OLD FLAG  When I gaze aft every morning,  And watch that dear old flag  Float out again just as the bell strikes eight  There's a kind o' lump comes in me throat  I can't just telLyer why  But it always 'as remained there up ter date,   ,  But sure 'tis every second I feel stronger  When I sees  How grandly she flies out across the main  An' I always seems tb mutter  A prayer o' thanks to God  Just this���������that I'm' a Briton onqe again.  '���������*v ���������' '        '���������������������������;���������'''...'������������������  :  V    ' X II.    ���������.'. / '-:J ./  What she stands for���������all the world knows,  If they only care ter say *  No dirt 'as stained 'er colours from their birth,  It's the flag that' tells of Justice,  It's the emblem o' the free,  And the dearest bit o', rag on all the earth.  Don't every creature know it, ask 'em square,  To tell yer true  An' ye'll find that they will answer  One and all.  "We will shed our blood to keep 'er  Always floating at the mast  We'd rather death, than see  'er ever fall."  X III.  So can yer wonder every mornin'  That a lump comes in me throat  Can yer wonder that I'm filled wiv' honest pride  Can yer wonder why they're comin'  North an'south, an'east and west X  .     k  Can yer wonder why they've fought an' gladly  died?  Wrap itround me when I'm buried  It's the'only thing I'd ask  For, surely it's an emblem that's God given     ���������  An' though I might a' sinned a bit  While cruisin' through the world-  It's a sure an' certain passport into heaven.  . ���������W. A. ELLIS.  PROHIBITION  (Continued from Page i)  The speaker then referred to the  action of General Sam Hughes, who,  several yearsi ago, had abolished the  wet vanlten in Canada, also to Lord  Kitchener, who had eliminated it from  the army, except a drink of hot rum  to each man coming out of the wet  trenches in Belgium in the winter.  Then, that France had forbidden the  use of absinthe and other strong liquors, all of which was indisputable  testimony in favor of its eradication.  Mr. Stevens then reviewed several  of the contributory causes and argued  for their eradication, otherwise - prohibition would not be a success, .The  first was heredity. "Every child had  a right to be well born," and "we  owe a debt to the past and a dutv  to posterity. No parent had any rigtit  to encumber a child with an appetite  wbich might prove its ruin.".     ,  Dealing with the <*Social Cause,?'  the speaker referred to the splendid  example set by our King in abolishing  the use of liquor from his household  and to the unexpected and amazing  opposition from a section of the  clergy *of the old land. It was neces-  sary for social leaders and employers  to sacrifice their own whims, and "appetites if any headway was/to be  made towards bringing the'poorer  working classes to support the movement."You would take from the  poor man his beer, while you leave  the rich, man his champagne," said  tbe speaker. "We sit in our .comfortable homes in snug complacency  and give no thought to the homeless, who have only an ill-ventilated  cold room, .six by four, to.go to, unless he goes to the saloon. The owner of the unsanitary tenement house  is as guilty of perpetuating the liquor  traffic as its most ardent advocate."  "The saloon is tbe most democratic  institution .iri society, and therein lies  its grip on'the people. When there, ail  men^are ^n^X8^Xn^t"^^ an absolutely even footing, and until we  supply some place or institution which  will satisfy man's natural craving for  society and independence, we will not  make .much real headway in eliminating the drink traffic." This statement called forth some dissenting remarks from a small section of the  audience, it being suggested that the  churches offered all that was necessary. "You cannot change human nature and any man with red blood in  bis veins detests charity or being  hedged about with pap-fed service.  He . wants democratic independence,  and, mark you, he is going to have  it."  The "occupational cause" was referred to as perhaps ��������� the greatest obstacle in the way of successful prohibition or eradication of the evil.  "Do you appreciate what it means to  work 10 or 12 hours a day at a nerve-  racking speed amid surroundings  which bring fatigue to the strongest  frame and bends and breaks the firmest will? To breathe the lacerating  dusts of the grinding factories, or textile works t To inhale the fumes of  the chemical works or the poisonous  gases of the smelters! To bear the  blisterinkg beat of the blast furnace,  or pour the moulten metals in a foundry,, while the perspiration rolls down  in black rivulets, caking in foul mats  in one's shoes? To live in the polluted, and steam sodden atmosphere of  the felt hat factories or the dust of  the wood, leather, cork or rubber  works, or to spend a 1few brief year  in the fatal lead manufactories f .  What do we know of the suffering  of these workers in the foul stifling  air of summer, or in passing from the  hot murky atmosphere of the factory  out into the biting cold of a winter  night? Do we understand the hopelessness of such a life? At night  worn out in body, and in nerve, exhausted, and in the morning stiff, sore  and without a gleam of brightness on  the soul's horizon? Can we blame  them for seeking the saloon which is  the only place offering them relief?  What of their home life? Ill-ventilated, unsanitary tenements, i, No  playgrounds for the children. In summer, smothering heat and foul air, in  winter cold bleak rooms. Dirt, noise,  and utmost discomfort everywhere. You  say ��������� drink. causes all this. Yes, in  part, but these conditions are responsible for more excessive drinking than  any other single cause. I am glad to  say that some employers recognizing  this are trying to remedy these conditions."  Then he proceeded to discuss remedies, pointing out the uselessness of  a prohibition movement .unless first public opinion was behind it; Second, conditions of workers were improved, and  third, employers and; leaders in 'society were prepared to make personal  sacrifice."       - V  ������������������'���������' We must have Ta campaign of publicity to win tlie general support of  to ^public and to demonstrate the  evils and to urge men to remedy arid  remove contributory causes. .This will  take time and money, you can do little in a movement of this kind without funds. : It is universally admitted  that the greatest reforms of the last  century was the repeal of the corn  laws, which took John Bright and Gob-  den many years to accomplish. They  had a fund, aside from the fund of  the Anti-Corn ^Law League, of over  $1,750,000, and if we are to succeed  iii this movement we must give time  and money. You- may pass resolutions  from now juntil doomsday," but it will  be useless unless backed up by effort  and. sacrifice,".;.;;..;; :-; ���������.;-.; , ".���������;.; X;X'/  -���������; ; ^'..v;|^.;^.���������������������������'^l^J^cJ^ay  X-X-  " We are a new people baptized  with blood, and after this war things  can never be as they were." Rev.  Dr. Mackay concluded an address that  was punctuated with rounds of V applause with these ringing words."  v  The speaker said that the salient  points of this problem had already been  outlined for them.  To Face the Question  "We *are in a peculiarly significant  position to-day, in being given anN opportunity, to express a resolution on  this momentous and far-reaching question. We realize, as we never realized before, /the meaning pit a scrap  of paper, because we are to-day paying  th e_ price nfthe inylolability^ofV 8uch  aV scrap of paper. We are bringing in  new standards, from which to survey  this question of the perpetuation of the  'trade.' If we are going to stand in  the very front rank of civilization we  must face ' this question with, all the  intensity of men and with the-courage, of soldiers on the field."  They should look on ,tbia thing not  in a detached way, but as a whole, as  a  community. V  < "If we are going to hold our position in the world to-day, there are.  ideas of national integrity that must  be cultivated. We despise official Germany, and we despise the actions that  show tlie rottenness behind the German people. If the allies fail, which,  please God, they will not, it will be  because of the hold the drink habit  has on the British people."  Rev. Lr. Mackay showed how the  Russian army had been made into a  first-class fighting machine, holding its  own figitiiist the German forces by the  prohibition of vodka. France, also, he  said, had found it necessary to prohibit the stronger liquors. ,  668,000 Lost Days  "The Shipbuilders' Federation has  1. rought in a report on the recent delay in repairing the ships of war that  shows the peril the country stands in  from this great evil. No fewer than  68,000 working days in the month,of  March alone were lost because of drink.  One warship took twice as long in  being repaired. When another was put  in for repairs many of the men were  off the job, and they were found in a  public house nearby. The King saw fit  to lead the nation in abstinence, and  we can honor h.im> for showing the  way and: setting the example for this  great Empire.''  Study- of the problem had clarified  Dr. Mackay's views on it, he said,  'j here was only one ultimate cnre, and  that was prohibition. He had thought  with a great religious organ in Great  Britain, the "British Weekly," that  something less than prohibition would  solve the problem, but they had both  changed their minds.  "I thought if the stronger liquor  were prohibited, the remedy would be  effected," but I found, on investigation, that the delinquency on the  Clyde, v where the most strong liquor  was consumed, was less than it was in  the south, where milder beverages  were drunk in preponderance. I need  not go into this subject in its relation^ to crime.   That is well known to  you, but it will be enough if I quote  tbe late Lord Alverstone, who, after  forty years at the bar, ten of which  had been spent on the bench, affirmed that 90 per cent, pf all crime was  due to intoxicating liquor. After the  San Francisco disaster, no liquors were  sold in the city, and though thousands were living together in all sorts  of conditions, there was no crime  amongst them. Now* on the first Monday after the opening of the saloons,  74 crimes were recorded; and oh the  following Monday- 113, and. special  police were appointed to protect the  populace., The social evil, also, as it  is called, owes its success to drink.  Half of the evil, at least, would dis'v  appear' if we did "away with strong  drink.'X.,,V,' X. ..." .. X,.XX";vX  .���������J Higher Political Conscience  "We need a type of higher political,  conscience,' . continued    the    speaker.  "No   one  can  be; satisfied   with  the  present level yre have reached. I sym*  pathize  heartily  with   the   men   who  have  to administer the  laws  in  theV  great danger from which they suffer  of being controlled, more than    thejf  should be, by the vested interests. The V  greatest political factor in Detroit 'ink  which city I Jiyed: for- four years, was  the corner saloon, and it was not an  unmitigated evil ������������������������������������ either, s   It was the  meeting  place  of   all   kinds   of  men  and the owner wielded powerful political influence.      The    United   States  have   seen :the   necessity   for   higher V  political ideals and the elimination of  the saloon. ���������J.'^ *>'.J':  " if we want. our political  leader*  to excel we must free them.   We must  give prohibition a higher place in our  thoughts and we must' seek  not only  national   integrity   but   national   efficiency also.   The child, the man  and  the nation must be in position to make'  the most of their  opportunities.  Effi-.*  ciency is immensely weakened by even  a    temperate    indulgence   'in    strong;:.  drink^^Sir^Frederick^Treves.-whoiwas-  present at  the  march   to  Lddysmith,  said that out of. 30,000 men who took  part in that march,  it was  not the  small  man  or the  thin  man   or tbe  weak man who fell out, but the man  who drank.   Employers should see to  it that even the man who drank mildly should, not be encouraged because  of  the  temptation  he  himself  consti- *  tuted to the young abstainer."  "We are going to come into contact and competition with the immense numbers of the yellow races of  the Orient who are as a rule abstainers, and it behooves us to see that  pur faculties are not impaired with  strong drink and that we have the  maximum efficiency of mind and body.  We must leave drink with its warping  effect on tbe whole body, and the  mind entirely alone. Five million five  hundred thousand dollars has been  added to the savings, accounts of Russia since the elimination of vodka.  There is a feeling in some quarters  that interfering with the drink business will cause a loss in business.  The town of Ripley, Ontario, had  prohibition and when a neighboring  town wished to adopt it * they first  sent two circulars into Ripley asking  for signatures. The first read: "I believe prohibition has not injured the  business of the town, and the other,  "I believe that prohibition has injured the business of the city.". Everyman in V Ripley signed the former except   one   man���������the   undertaker."  Pit to Rule;  : A' The sovereign people are to rule in  the days to come but they shall rule  only so long as they are fit to rule,  and while they | are born under conditions that make for the transmission  of hereditary tendencies to drink, bom  the offspring of intemperate parents, it  maybe that they are not qualified to  become rulers. The state, that makes  it possible io injure helpless children  ia not. a true; one. We are not all  strong people^ and it puts an unnecessary strain on' the helpless when it permits licences, which is something it  should not do. "Unless the hold drink  has on Great Britain is broken, Great  Britain, will go. the way of the old  empires of the past and she will deserve it; The civilization of the future must be essentially Christian, and  if it is going to be that it is not going-  to permit sucb an evil." ,v  Mr. W. A, Cantelon said that liquor  was a force of destruction and should  be destroyed.  t^Ssfe*^-.?:^  4^^;'K5K������5?i!,f33K^T!j;?n  M-.-^r ^^^fn-.vxx.  ^c4X3^,...^".*r^-. v". n--i  i-:-.^^,>i..j^;.^^=^_52j*Tt'iir^.-'.^;?^^^4x^'r4i--i^4j������sn3]*^ Friday, May 21, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  Cut this out, sign it, and get your friends to .sign it, and return it to the Call.  TO THE WESTERN CALL:  Please enroll my name as a member of the Property Owners' League, and proceed with  the organization as speedily as possible. 0  ,   Signature  Residence  Occupation  r  \  *  t  9  *  The  Telephone  The Advance Agent of  COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE  Forms a closer union of Home,  Business and Friends.  *I For a limited time, Business or  Residence Telephones will be in-  stalled upon payment of $5.00  Rental in advance.  <I For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  B. C. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, UNUTED  i  CWTWNG mjffl  Band Tailored Suits of tbe Finest Selected Cloths  Just Received.  25 Royal Brown Worsted Suits d* 1 O fiA  $20,00 Value ............'.';���������  32 Blue Serge Suits, color and #'] C AA  fit guaranteed, $21.00 value f |������lt||!|  27 Business Men's Blue Serge,  $25.00 Value ...  $2100  THE PEOPLE'S CLOTHIERS  - *    ' . . ���������       ���������'  37 Hastings St. West Vancouver, B. C.  Custom Shoe Repairing  P. PAEIS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE CO.  BEST SHOE REPAIRING IN THE CTY  Work Done While Tou Walt  Work Called for and Delivered' ���������  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' and any Kind of Special Shoes Made  to Order  64 HASTINGS STBEBT W.   Next  Columbia Theatre  Phone:   Seymour 1770. VANCOUVER,  B.  C.  LARGE AUDIENCE HONORS  LUSITANIA DEAD  10 Blue Suits; fine stripe, very ftOA AA  styiisn .at ..... 1"���������'"  25 Heavy Brown Worsted Suits, &| Q A A  diagonal effect ....... ^J5IellII  Special Showing of Straw and Panama Hats at  Special Prices^ for Holiday Makers.  SEE OUR WINDOWS AND BE CONVINCED.  At the memorial service held  last Sunday evening in Loew's  theatre to honor those who went  down with the sinking of the Lusitania so large an audience assembled that many hundreds were j  turned away from lack of. room, j  A stirring and touching address  was delivered by Mr. W. P. |  Goard. Prof. Odium read the  scriptural lesson and Rev. George  Murray offered prayer. The  band of the llth regiment Irish  Fusiliers of Canada : under the  leadership of Mr. C. F. Ward,  rendered several selections most  effectively, and the following artists took part: Madam Edyth  Mardon, Miss Louise Berb, Miss  Marjorie Stevens, Mr. A. R. Dingman, Bandsman C. Tossell.  Mr. Goard, in tlie course of his  remarks said: ''The important  part of this service is our i presence here to show our sympathy  and to show that our hearts are  moved for those who have fallen  on the field of battle and for,  those who were murdered in the  sinking of the Lusitania?' There  are no words in any- language  that could set forth in adequate  terms the heinousness of the  crime that sent hundreds of our  countrymen and citizens of a  neighboring country to a watery  grave. But the fact speaks for  itself louder than words and carries with it a significance that  will roll down through the centuries yet to come, he said. There  are bloody conflicts on the far  flung battle line and on the seas  but they are at least fought when  the participants are prepared and  according to the accepted rules  of warfare, but there is no conflict on the battle front or on the  wave tbat touches the scope of  the dastardly outrage that sent  1,500 men, women and babes to  their deaths. "Piracy, was not a  new thing on the high seas. The  deeds of the pirates of the Spanish Main were read and remembered by. men and boys, but there  never was a case when a pirate  who hoisted the black flag with  the skull and crossbones was captured but-received-short shift-and  the yardarm. It was .death with  out remedy for them. But it  has come to our day at this, the  beginning of the twentieth century, this age of enlightenment,  of civilization and Christian in-;  fluence, for an organized government of a country which claims  to be' first in culture, science,  higher education, civilization and  power, to unfurl the black flag  and perpetrate the most horrid  act of piracy the world has ever  seen. It was necessary to know  that the nation which has broken away from honor and humanity had sealed its own death warrant and had committed suicide  as a nation. This very act, the  sinking of the Lusitania, had  brought about a crisis in the  conflict. It settled the final outcome of the war as far as human agency and the human mind  was concerned. From all the  neutral countries had gone up a  cry of. horror and the nation responsible for the outrage would  be smitten and ground into the  dust.  The agony of the conflict had  struck Vancouver. 'At least two  persons he had known, Chaplain  Beatty, who had lost his wife  and child in the sinking of the  Lusitania had felt it his duty to  don the uniform and enter the  trenches to help overthrow the  enemy. Mrs. Beatty had determined to bear her share in the  red cross hospitals while her husband accompanied the boys in  the trenches: This brave woman  had written from New York previous to sailing stating that "whether they lived or whether they  died it did not matter as their  lives were devoted to the cause."  His honored friend Prof. Odium,  who was on the platform, had  already given a son for the cause  and his name is now inscribed  upon the roll of honor. There were  many who had sons on the firing  line but there need be no fear;  there would be no broken hearts  but the soul would be sustained  by the thought that they were  fighting for truth and righteousness. "Arise for the glory of the  Lord is upon thee." These words  were applicable to the great Empire to which all Britishers belonged. Blood was shed, that we  might be free, but glorious as our  history had been in the past it is  but as the day spring to our history of the future."  With the Union Jack in his  hand. Mr. Goard pointed out the  blood-red cross of St. George, the  cross of. St. Andrew and of St,  Patrick and declared that there  was nothing in the dear old emblem which they all loved, but  the cross. It was the blood of  "Our Lord Jesus Christ" which  cleanses from all sin" which gave  the color at the beginning and it  /was the blood of the Empire  which had made it sacred in  every generation.  The speaker predicted a new  life after the war. The world  would never return to old conditions. '' Society would be reconstructed and we would pass  out of the old into the new and  God will rule the nations in righteousness. God was using the  British Empire for this very  thing by giving it a commission  to proclaim liberty to the world.  Though Britain the world was  being blessed, and God would  lead the British hosts to a consummation of that peace which is  the peace of Britain^ and of God  to all the world."  There is not a man but who in  his heart feels that if the Empire  demands he is prepared to give  his life. "Go fight the battle of  humanity; go fight the battle of  the Lord."  Mr. John T. Stevens presided.  Since August������26th last, Mr. Stevens has conducted Sunday services on behalf of our soldiers,  sailors and the Empire. They  are now held every evening at  8.00 o'clock1 in the Dominion  theater, Granville Street, and all  interested in the welfare of the  Empire are invited to attend. A  citizens' prayer meeting for the  same, object is also' conducted by  Mr. Stevens at 4.30 p.m. o'clock  except Saturday, in room 117 Empire building, Hastings and Sey  mour streets.  \  This is Our  Mark of  Approval  It appears on every sack of  , \    *?  Royal Standard Flour  It means that every known test for efficiency and baking result^  has been applied to this flour. It means that it has passed these tests  successfully and that it will at all times give good baking resQltsl  So we stamp each sack with this trade mark because we are  satisfied. But we do not stop there. Tou who will use this flour  must also be satisfied. So with every sack of Royal Standard, we give  you this guarantee: .      -   ,  "YOUR  MONEY  BACK IF  NOT SATI8FH3D."  Ask your dealer for ROYAL STANDARD FLOUR. He will sell  it to you cheerfully, but just as cheerfully will he refund you the  full purchase price if it does not suit you. ,  ������  Vancouver Milling and Grain Co.  VANCOUVER  LIMITED  VICTORIA      NEW  WESTMINSTER  NANAIMO  ?$?!  DIRIGIBLE    BALLOONS  In spite of. all the predictions  which have been made within  the last few years, the aerial  side of the present war is really  of minor importance. Dirigible  balloons and aeroplanes have not  yet been perfected to such a degree that they are deadly engines  of offence and defence.  There have been spectacular  duels in the air between the air  craft of different nations. German  Zeppelins have dropped bimbs on  Paris and some of the cities of  Belgium.   But these bombs have  done no more than kill a few  innocent civilians and destroy  some buildings.  The part played by the airships has been that of scouts.  They have done excellent sen-  vice on both sides in watching  the movements of troops, and  enabling the artillery to do  accurate work at long range.  And it has been conclusively  proved that aeroplanes close  enough to the earth to be of  real service are by no means  difficult marks, either for infantry fire or that of the special  "balloon guns."  EWPI&E ������AV FBATUW5S  AT ������JWU>WAY TBBATWB  Empire Lay willbe a day of special  features at the Broadway.. Manager  Gow has booked a classy program and  the show will run from 2 to 5 o'clock.  The famous favorite, Charlie Chaplin  will appear in his latest feature "In  the Park." A two reel Biograph entitled "His Romany Wife" provides  the leading dramatic portion of the  program. This picture features Alan  Hale and Louise Vale, the under'lying  theme bringjtoejmsm^  -Tom. Mix appears in a Western Drama,  the "Outlaw's Bride," which suppljps.  some thrills that will remain with the  audience the balance of the day.  Wanted���������A Chaperone is a Nestor  comedy that has received much publicity. The Nestor favorites Eddie  Lyons, Victoria Forde and Lee Moran  are positive proof that it will be  good. "The Master Rogues of Europe' ' is a drama depicting intrigues  abroad. The, underworld of Europe  has been the theme of countless thrill:  ing stories. Every picture in this  drama is of thrilling interest. The  usual weekly drawing will be held on  Wednesday evening at 8.30 o'clock.  Fout prizes will be given. '  "The Black Bor," the serial now  running, will appear Friday and Saturday. Tbe third episode features a  number of scientific devices which are  interesting throughout. "Father Was  Neutral,'' with Billy Ritchie and  Pathe's British Gazette, are included  in   the  week-end  bill.  A Syrian journal publishes  some, interesting details of the  industrial development of Jerusalem, which, according to this paper, will, before long, be one of  the most up-to-date and comfortable towns in the near East. A  large number of companies, financed by European capital, have,  it is stated, recently been applying for concessions with'a view  to organizing the public services  on a modern basis. An English  company which is erecting a  large power 0 station will soon  supply electric current all over  the city. Even the sacred hill  itself will, before long, be lighted with electricity.  The RIGHT PUCE for  Bedding Plants  Adding    Plants,  Celery and Cabbage Plants  Decorative Plants and Cut  Flowert  i  TJi������ &ifht Place wlw������ you  get tbe Bight Plants at  the Right Price  Keeler^ Nursery  Corner 16th and Wain  Pnone: Pair. 817  Phone Seymour 9086  ������������������'illlf  "BOUGH   ON  RATS'-'  rats,   mice,   etc   Don't  -clears - out  die   in   the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores; t4.  The report of a gun a mile  away takes five seconds, to reach  the   ear.  four Per Cent. Regularly  is -better than 40% this year and  perhaps no interest or principal  thereafter.  fe fay Four for Cent.  Interest on Deposits  Subject to cheque credited  monthly. References: Pun's, Brad-  streets or any Financial House of  repute ^n Vancouver.    Dow, Fraser Trust h  122 Baiting! St. Weft  McKay Station, Burnaby  ARMSTRONG, MORRISON & CO.  LIMITED  Public Work* Contractors  Head Office, 8X045 Bower Building  Seymour 1836  VANCOUVER CANADA  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OP  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, .Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  >    BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and.  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WilOLES/lLE AND RETAIL. 6  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, May, 21, 1915.  Stem "Slj? ������to-Stou*  **  3feMx ffc tut?  *&=  DAVID DOUGLAS  THE Royal Horticultural Society of  London has just published a  volume which is of great interest to  the Pacific North west. The book is  entitled "Journal Kept by David  Douglas During His Travels in North  America, 1823-1827, together with a  particular description of thirty-three  species of American oaks and eighteen  species of pines, with appendices containing a list of. the plants introduced  by Douglas and an account of his  death in 1834."  Douglas was the botanist after  whom the most important timber tree  in the Pacific Northwest, Douglas or  red fir, is named. The portion of the  volume under notice of most interest  to students of the northwest is that  part of the verbatim journal kept by  Douglas during his first trip to western America from the time he reached the mouth of the Columbia river,  April 7, 1825, until he sailed from  Hudson Bay, September 15, 1827.  During this period Douglas made  botanical explorations from his head*'  quarters at Port Vancouver as far  south as the Rogue river mountains in  Oregon; northward to Gray's harbor  and to the head "of Puget Sound; in  the' interior all along the Columbia  river, to Kettle Falls; the region between Spokane and the present site  of Lewiston, Idaho; the Craig mountains, the Blue mountains about the  source of the Walla Walla river, and  finally across the continent by way  of the Upper Columbia river and  down the Athabasca and Saskatchewan  rivers to Lake Winnipeg and thence to  Hudson Bay.  The only- account of these explorations previously published is a condensed narrative by Douglas published  after his death by Sir William J.  Hooker. This condensed narrative is  re-published in the present volume.  The original is in Douglas' own band-  writing and was apparently written by  him after his return to London in 1827.  Douglas was for a time greatly lionized after his return to London.  From the standpoint of the historian, the journal is interesting and illuminating from the side lights which  it throws on the men who were the  most active agents of the Hudson Bay  Company in the Northwest and on  methods used in their commercial operations; to the botanist the detailed  narrative will help clear up many of  of the mooted points concerning the  exact locality where Douglas found  each of his new plants. Several of  these plants, strange to say, have never  since   been  found.  The publication of Douglas' journal  unabridged is largely owing to the  effort of Prof. C. V. Piper, of the department of agriculture, formerly of  Seattle, who consulted the original  manuscripts in London, and finding  them greatly different from the abridged accounts already published, urged  upon the Royal Horticultural Society  the desirability of printing them complete. Not only has the society done  this, but they have also included a  number of other papers by Douglas  never before published.  Through the courtesy uf the director of the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew,  the provincial archivist (Victoria), Mr.  E. 0. S. Schofield, some time ago obtained copies of twenty-eight letters  written by David Douglas, to Sir William Hooker, and dealing with an excursion made by the botanist to the Oregon territory ftnd the Sandwich Islands.  CAPTAIN  COOK AT NOOTKA  Judge Howay in Lecture Points Out  How Oapt. Cook's Warships Were  Treated as Neutral During War  With .French.  THE year of Captain Cook's death  France and England were at  war, but France showed a  splendid spirit of chivalry by establishing the neutrality of Cook's vessels, enjoining her warships to treat  them as friends,' considering the  vale to all nations of the recent discoveries of Captain Cook,' a circumstance that makes one's heart 15MMJ  with pride when one remembers that  such a noble enemy*is our friend today."  Thus did Judge Howay pay tribute  recently in the course of his lecture,  "Captain Cook at Nootka Sound in  1778," given in the Museum under  the auspices of the Art, Historical  and Scientific Society, to the action  of those of our Allies who hail from  "the chosen home of chivalry���������the  garden of romance."      (  Oape Flattery  How few of. us know why it was  that Cook named the Cape, Cape Flattery; it was because its appearance  flattered him that _he would find a  harbour behind it.   Curiously enough  the great discoverer not only did not  discover the Straits of Juan de Fuca,  but went on record as stating in writing that there was not the least probability of any such straits being there.  It was when Judge Howay had piloted  his hero���������for such he showed him to  be, both as' explorer and man���������with  his vessels Discovery and Resolution, to  Nootka Sound, on the west coast of  Vancouver Island in that year, 1778,  that the lecture became specially interesting.   He told of quite a number  of the companions of Captain Cook,  who became famous later, the least  among them then, (only a midshipman)  but the greatest later, being Captain  .Vancouver.   He told how the GJiiefs  Maquinna,  and Nanaina, who, with  their Indians, had never seen a ship  before, went out in their canoes to  meet Captain Cook and his men, tlie  ship seeming to them like three sticks  erected upon a floating island and witb  blankets upon them.  Cook Beat the Spaniard*  'They were thieves in the strictest  sense of the word in that they stole  nothing tbat they had no use for, but  everything that they had a ype^for,"  wrote Capt. Cook of, tbe natives of  Nootka. This x was certainly not flattering. Later the discoverer tells of  the excellent terms upon which he and  his men lived with the Indians for  upwards of a month and of the hearty  invitation they received from them to  return. "These Indians have the  most confirmed ideas of ownership of  any people I have been among,"  wrote the captain. "They even wanted us to pay for our wood and water." After describing very entertainingly the appearance and habits  of the Nootka Indians of that day  and their dwellings, Judge Howay  devoted some time and made several  quotations to prove a very important  historical point���������that Capt. Cook and  his party were actually the first to  land at Nootka. The Spaniards ihake  this claim for a party of their ex'  plorers four years before. The lecturer showed from internal evidence���������  that of the diary of one member of  the equally adventurous and plucky  Spanish party���������that this could not  have been so.  Not Cannibals  Incidentally Judge Howay refuted  Captain Cook's statement that these  Indians were cannibals and showed  how it was that the discover got this  erroneous impression and then paid  a tribute to him as the founder of  Greater Britain, the father of British  hydrography and the man whom the  sailor of to-day has to thank for improved conditions, the inaugurator of  new principles of hygiene on shipboard.  The lecture was���������most appropriately���������delivered in the museum, the lec-������  turer's large and appreciative* audience scattered amongst the exhibits,  many of these being Indian relics  which���������as in the case of the Campbell-  Johnston collection, where the full  dress of the Nootka Indians is shown���������  the lecturer referred to in order to  illustrate his points.  OLD TIME ORATORY  Forensic oratory out in this west  is now quiet and dignified���������sometimes.  There was a time, however, when it  harmonized with the "wild and woolly  west."  The following oration was delivered  by one. of the legal profession, who  wpuld seem to have an aversion to  capital punishment:���������"May it please  your lordship, and gentlemen of the  jury,���������-The case is as clear as ice, and  sharp to the point as 'no' from your  sweetheart.   The X Scripture     saith,  'Thou shalt not kill'; now, if you  hang my client, you transgress the  command as slick as grease, and as  plump as a goose-egg in a loafer's  face.   Gentlemen, murder is murder,  whetber committed by twelve jurymen  or by an^ humble iindividual like my  client.    Gentlemen, I do not deny the  fact of my client having killed a man,  but is that any reason why you should  do so.   No such thing, gentlemen. .You  may bring the prisoner in. 'guilty';  the hangman may do his duty, but  _-mll  that  exonerate  you?   No  such  thing.   In t^at case you will all be  murderers.   Wbo among you is prepared for the brand of Cain to be  stamped upon bis brow to-day?   Gentlemen,k X will pledge by word, aot  one of you has a knife or a gun in  his pocket.   No, gentlemen, your pockets are odoriferous with the perfumes  of cigars and plug tobacco.    You can  smoke the tobacco of rectitude in the  pipe of a peaceful  conscience; but  hang my unfortunate client, and the  bugs of remorse will gallop through  the internal principles of your animal tissues until the spinal vertebrae  of  your  anatomical��������� construction is  turned into a car track for the grim  and gory goblins of despair. Gentlemen, beware of committing murder!���������  bewarexlsayrof' meddling with the  eternal prorogative IMaeware, I say.  Gentlemen, I abjure you by the  manumitted ghost of temporal sanctity  to do no murder !-XI abjure you by the  name of woman, the mainspring of. the  ticking timepiece of time's theoretical  transmigration, to do do murder!  And, lastly, gentlemen, if you ever  expect to wear long-tailed coats���������if  you ever expect dogs not to bark at  you���������if ypu ever expect to wear boots  made of the hide of the Rocky Mountain goat���������and, to sum up all, if you  ever expect to be anything but a set  of sneaking, loafing, rascally, cut-  throated, braided*, small ends of humanity, pared down to indistinctabil-  ity, acquit my client,and save your  country!"  The prisoner was acquitted.  b-~ J'J/,yyLA, wYlj������&&������zk&������&&i������~������  Mount Pleasant Uvery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phono Fairmont 848  Corner Broadway and Main A.F. McTavish, Prop.  A splendid collection of  stirring verse  "WarWarWings  of a British Tar"  By W. A. ELLIS, Late R. N.  For sale by all book stores  and at the Western Call.  25c a Copy  Your Part  rpHE Printing require-  ���������*��������� ments on your part  may be few or many, but_  they, nevertheless, are important to you. A man '  is very often judged by���������  the neatness or fitness of  the clothes he wears; so a  business house is often  judged by the stationery  or the Printing they use.  Our Part  TF entrusted with your  order, on our part we  will give you the style, fitness and finish that you  desire to make your stationery oi* printing h credit  to you.  A LL that an extensive  ���������**; printing plant, up-to-  date machinery and expert  workmen can do, is at your  disposal; and no printing  house in Vancouver is better  equipped to turn out anything in the line of printing  that you may need, whether  large or small, or that can  give you better service.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMpClAL  STATIONERY  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY  ��������� ~i-:'r.2"'.:?r^r?T.'y:^x^^.-r-.iXf:^ '   " i .4 ���������;: ������ (.  T I ^ V   ..     .       t~  X r >j ���������  >������-.   4     .  Frid-nv, May 21, 1915,  THE WESTERN  CALL  Vancouver and Seattle are busy  with their first series of the season this year on the local grounds  this week, and so far the honors  are about even. 'The beavers,are  running in hard luck just now,  two of their players, Moore and  Cheek being out of the game with  injuries. Moore wrenched his  knee in Spokane last week, while  Cheek is also up against it; Bob  Brown is filling in liere and there  wherever he is required. The  Beavers have run off almost four  weeks of continuous ball on the  local grounds, and it goes with  out saying that they will make  the best of their opportunity to  get a strangle hold on the top  run of the championship ladder  during these weeks. The Beavers always play good ball at  home, are conceded to be the best  road team in the league, and consequently the fans are looking for  a splendid series here.  The great Newsy Lalonde has  signed on with the Montreal Nationals for the coming season, and  coast fans will riot see him in  action again on the green  sward. Lalonde recently settled  down to domestic life in the eastern metropolis, and it is petfectly  natural that he -should desire to  play there. Newsy is only good  for a season or two more in la  crosse, and he is wise in getting  all he can when the shekels are  coming his way. That he will be  missed out here goes without saying. He is undoubtedly'a great  player and his closerin tactics on  the Westminster goal caused Bun  Clarke many an anxious moment,  and it is,probable'the latter will  hail the announcement from the  east.  .���������;':.*..'.������.���������������������������������������������..';,���������...'_  Con Jones has received definite  1 word from Billy Fitzgerald that  he will be along some timein  June to lineup with the Vancouvers in the coast league. Fitzgerald has the ability to bore in and  get goals, a splendid asset to a  lacrosse player theseXdays, find  will be a tower of strength to  the Vancouver home.   The "selec  tion for the positions will ,be a  hard one. Donihee, Roberts and  Fitzgerald are all slated for a  place, while the other two players  will be picked from Bones Allan,  Crookall, Davis, Peacock and  Byrnjolfsen of Victoria, and there  promises to be a merry scramble  for the positions for the holiday  game in New Westminster. Reports from the Minto Cup camp  are to the effect that the machine  is running smoothly again, and  the red shirts look for another  win over the Vancouvers. It is  just possible, however, that some  of the champions'" are due for a  slump, and if this proves to be  the case, the young players on  the Vancouver team can be depended on to put up a great  game in the hope of capturing  the Minto cup from the,Fraser  and putting it alongside of the  Stanley cup which is already  ."here.  ���������       *  ���������*.���������'���������������������������*. ���������  "Vancouver, hockey champions  of the world," is iB-e proud inscription on the pennant flying  from the. flag pole of the arena  rink. Manager Patrick is quite  chesty over the bunting, and will  shortly display the Stanley Cup  in one of the large downtown  windows for the benefit of the  admiring fans.A The Stanley cup  is a very old hockey emblem and  it has been the cause of much  anxiety among sporting men for  many years.  Lacrosse was ushered in for  the season at Athletic Park on  Saturday last when the V. A. C.  amateurs got away with a decisive win over the New Westminster lads. The score was 3-1,  arid just about represents the  play. The champions had the edge  on the visitors all the way and  the -latter were lucky to keep  from being whitewashed. The locals missed Some good chances,  arid the Westminster goal had  some close shaves. This win gives  the cup: holders the jump on the  other teams, but it ds rather early  for championship predictions. The  Westminster team will no doubt  improve very much in the next  few days, and their game with  Victoria in the capital on the  24th is likely to set them going  in good shape for the season. Dad  Turnbull, the veteran player, is  coaching the New Westminster  amateurs and he can be depended on to make a team of them  before the season is far advanced, .while there is likely to be  some surprises from the Victoria  end of the line.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Len Turnbull is likely to be an  absentee from the Westminster  team again this season. He has  not as yet turned out to practice,  arid the chances are not rosy for  his appearance i nthe first game.  Turnbull played in Toronto last  year and it is just probable that  he was spoiled by the salary proposition down there. This year in  the coast league* it is a case of  "divvy" up among the players  who can make the team, and.it  is possible that it does not look  good to him. At any rate he is  one of the best outside home men  in the game, and it would be a  pity to see the Minto cup leave  the banks of the Fraser all on  account of his absence from the  team.  THE   VACANT   BANKS  NAVIGABLE     WATERS     PBOl^C-  TION ACT  Pon't Procrastinate���������Plant Soon  The British Columbia Apples, in a world competition, captured the  Gold Medal Prize. This means, that the B. C. orchards will lead the world.  A  word  to  the wise  is  sufficient.     ���������  We are offering choice varieties of our one year old apple tree stock  at Ten Dollars per 100; two and three year "old stock reduced accordingly.  Our other fruit tree stock and general'nursery stock we give 30 per cent, off  catalogue price, allowed in additional stock. . Cash to accompany ^order.  In our .stock-of over $100,000 we have everything you want to make  your orchards greater and your gardens more beautiful. Catalogues mailed  free on application.  Patronize home/growers, and build up a, home pay roll.  *ROYAL HUR8ERIE8, LIMITEO  ���������   Head 0������ce, 710 Dominion BU������g., 207 Eastings St. W. Phono, Sey. 5556  SWre, 24W Oranvllle St., Phone, Eay. 1926  Numerics and Greenhouses, Royal, on the R. C. E. Ry������ Eburne Branch,  Phone, Eburne 43  Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  .   Vancouver, B; C.  luilfti-iifcUijii  On the road, from Tipperary  ThereV a place, that's vacant still,  There's a rifle laying silent,  There's a uniform to fill.  True, at home .they'11'hate to lose you,  But the march will soon begin  On   the .road   from   Tipperary,  With the Army to Berlin.  ������������������������������������������������������'������������������������������������'*"��������� i  In the Morris Chairs of Clubland,  Are you there content to stay      ,  While the others guard.your honour?  While the Germans boast "The Day'!  For your King and Country need you,  And we want to count yon in,  On  the road from  Tipperary,  With the Army to Berlin.  Have you seen the lonely crosses;   ���������  Boys who'll never more come home?  Will  you  idle  while  they're  calling?  Will you leave them there alone?  For they're calling, calling, calling,  And they want to hear you sing,  On the road from Tipperary,  With the Army to Berlin..  When   from  Mons   they  fought   each  footstep,  When their lips with pain were dumb  'Twas the hope which held the trenches  Never doubting you would come  Through the frozen hell of winter,  'Midst the shrapnels' racking din,  They haye waited,  never fearing  You would join them to Berlin.  On the road from Tipperary  There's a crimson debt to pay,  There's a land of awful darkness,  ,   Patient faces, tired and grey.  Sobbing women,  ruined  girlhood  Strew the trail of Cultured: Sin  Can't you hear their call  for vengeance?  Won't you join us to Berlin?  On the road from Tipperary.  Sleep the boys whose day is done,  Don't you hear the voices calling  To complete their work begun?  There are ghostly^ figures beck 'ning,  -There "^V'victorli^y^t^'wini7*-"  On  the  road  from   Tipperary,  With the Army ip Berlin.  On the road from Tipperary,  When the boys come home at last,  Won't   you  wish   that   you   had   listened  Ere old England's call had passed?  But the gate of manhood's open,  You, your part, can still begin,  On the road from Tipperary,  With  the Army ito Berlin.  Geo.   Blackstone   Field,  Corpt,   1st  Field   Co.,  Canadian Engineers.  Notice is hereby given that the  Vancouver Harbour Commissioners  have deposited with the Minister of  Public Works for the Dominion of  Canada, as required by Section 7,  Chapter 115 of the Revised Statutes of Canada plans and descriptions of a bulkhead and fiH to be  built and constructed in False Creek,  Vancouver, B. C, and that duplicates  of said plan and description have  bees, deposited with the Registrar of  Deeds at the Land Registry Office,  Vancouver,   B.   C. *   *  And take' notice that at the ex.  piration of one month from the date  hereof the Vancouver Harbour Com-  mitjitioners will apply to the Governor-  in-Council of the Dominion of Canada for approval of said plans and  for permission to build and construct  said  bulkhead  and  fill.  The description by metes and bounds  of the site of Baid bulkheads and fill  is   as   follows:  All and singular, that certain parcel or tract of land and land covered  with water, situate, lying and being  in the Province of, British Columbia,  in. the District of New Westminster,  in the City of Vancouver, and being  composed of a portion of the bed of  False Creek, in the public harbour  of Vancouver, and generally. known  as the Granville Street Mud Flats;  and which may be more particularly  known and described as follows, that  is  to  say:  Beginning at a point on, the centre  line   of ". the   new    Granville    Street  Bridge, said, point being two hundred  (200) feet distant from the centre of  the    swing    span,    measured     south  thirty-eight degrees fifty .minutes west  (S.  38   deg.  50 min.  W.)   along said  centre   line   of   bridge;   thence   south  forty-one degrees east  (S. 41 deg. 00  min.    E.).;,"; one   thousand   and    forty  (1040) feet more or less to the point  of intersection with a line drawn par:  ailel to and seven hundred and forty-  nine  and  one-tenth   (749.1)   feet  dis.  tant from the west boundary of Birch  .Street,    measured, easterly   at   right  angles : thereto;    thence   south   along  said  parallel  line,  four  hundred  and  seventy-six   (476.0)  feet more or less  to  the  point   of  intersection  with' a  line drawn parallel to and two hundred  feet  distant  from  the  headline  between   Spruce Vand: Birch   Streets,  approved by, the: Vancouver' /Harbour  Commissioners   on   April   22nd,   1914,  said distance being measured north at  right angles thereto; thence west six  hundred and ninety-Bix' and five-tenths  (696.5)    feet   more    or   less;    thence  north sixty degrees thirty-one minutes  west   (N.  60   deg.  31   min.  W.)   five  hundred    and    sixty-four ��������� and    two-  tenths    (564.2)    feet   more    or   less;  thence north  forty-one  degrees  thirty-  two minutes west (41 deg. 32 min. W.)  four-hundred  and  nine  and  one-tenth  (409.1) ��������� feet   more   6r   less;    thence  north   twenty-seven   degrees   eighteen  minutes west..(N. 27 deg. 18 min. W.)  five hundred and twenty-two and two-  tenths    (522.2)    feet,   the   last   four  above    described    courses    being    al_  ways   parallel   to   and   two   hundred  (200)  feet distant from  the headline  between Spruce Street and First Ave.  approved  by  the  Vancouver  Harbour  Commissioners   on   April   22nd,   1914,  the .said  distance being measured  at  light   angles   thereto;    thence   north  twelve degrees  two minutes east  (N.  12 deg. 02 min. E.) five hundred and  seventy    (570)    feet;    thence    north  fifty degrees twenty-nine minutes oast  (N. 50 deg. 20 min. E.)  one hundred  and, niDiety_��������� ^  feet,      thence      north      eighty-seven  degrees east  (N. 87 deg. 00 min. E.)  three; hundred  and  thirty:one X331.0)  feet more or less to the point of in-  i tersection   with   the   first   above   de-  i scribed  course   produced  north   forty-  i.one degrees west (N. 41 deg. 00 min.  IW.)   thence   south   forty-one   degrees  east   (S.  41   deg.   00  min.  E.)   along  the   said   first   described   course   produced   six   hundred   and   forty   (640)  feet more or less to the point of beginning;   containing an  area of forty-  one and eight-tenths (41.8) acres, more  or less, as shown on plans referred to.  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 28th  day of April, A.D., 1915.  W. D. HARVIE,  Secretary.  HEATING EconoT���������^a,,Aottre"cy���������  Our Business his beei built up by merit alone  LEEK & CO.  r  Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer.St. Sey. 661  '"���������    ,4.  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay.  , G. Murray  i House Phone: Bay. 1187L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  ' Office and Store Fixture Jlaniifacturer*  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalaomiolng  Shop: 1065 Dunamulr St. Vanoauvar. B.C.  "SO GOOD" IS  4X BREAD  It's so good that thousands of good housewives  daily shift the burden of baking Bread on our shoulders.    Home made on a big scale. That's 4X.  \  Phone Fair. 44 for Shelly's 4X  \ ,  i , ���������  AT HOME  * i      i  AT THE CLUB  AT THE HOTEL  Ask lor  's  ansan  The netm-Qiyinz  Natural JVMacral Water  Refuse Substitutes  THt HUU8UN'8 BAV COMPANY  For Sale or For Kept Cards, IQc Eacji  CBEOSOTED TIES BEING LOADED ON VESSEL FOE INDIA AT TRE DOMINION   CBEOSOTTNO   COMPANY  Now is the  Time  to Buy  GARDEN HOSE  We have a special Sale of Hose on now.  Regular $5.50 for  -  $4.75  Regular $5.00 for  -  $4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.     Phone lis your order.   "We make prompt delivery.  W. R. Owen J.Morrison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 JVlain Street THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday; May; 21, 1915.  B. C. Hilliam and his 1915 Follies have gone on a tour of the  interior of the province their objective points being the Crow's  Nest    and    Okanagan    districts.  ��������� #   ���������  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian Y.P.  S.C.E. intend holding a basket  picnic to Hollyburn on the 24th  of May, and extend a cordial invitation to all their friends and  all others who desire to go to  meet at the Hollyburn wharf, at  10 o'clock in the morning.  ��������� #   ���������  BIT. PLEASANT Y.P.S.CE.  A very interesting union meeting of the Junior, Intermediate  and Senior C. E. Societies of the  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church  was held in the school room Monday evening, May 17th.  The topic, "Why I Believe in  Christian Endeavor," was very  ably taken by the various presi-  ,   dents.  ��������� ���������   #  Monday next is Victoria Bay,  and a large number will go to  Victoria to joip in the festivities  there. Victorians make the 24th  an annual festival, and there is  abundant of good times there  each year. New Westminster  will be the objective point of a  large number of lacrosse followers, for it is the opening of the  season in professional lacrosse.  For those who stay at home tango  tickets will prove a boon, and the  park and other places of pleasure  and outdoor enjoyment will have  their lull quota t f followers.  ��������� ���������   ���������  Vancouver did herself proud  last Saturday by contributing  over $10,000 towards the Red  . / Cross Fund. This is a most notable achievement and will go  down in history as a monument  to the spirit of. the citizens in relation to Red Cross work.     We  hope the boys in the trenches will  hear of the contribution and will  realize that Canada and especially Vancouver is behind them to  the last ounce of strength' and  last copper of finance. This is the  way to keep the flag flying.  Those in charge of the work are  deserving of unstinted praise for  their efforts, and we can truly  say, Well done, Vancouver.  ���������   ���������   ���������  CITIZENS   PATRIOTIC  MEETINGS  These meetings are conducted  by Mr. John T. Stevens each Sunday in the Dominion theatre, commencing at 8 p.m. The usual excellent program has been arranged and wiil include organ recital  at 7.30 to 8 o 'clock; an address on  "War Lessons to Date," by Mr.  Goo. II. Morueu, editor of the  North Shore Press; solo, by Miss  Bateman; solo and duet by Mr.  W. MacFarlane MacGregor and  Mr. S. MacPherson; solo, by Mr.  Holloway, and bright, cheerful  hymns. Everybody cordially invited. Doors open at 7.15. Admission free. Collection. Come  early if you wish to secure a seat.  We had to turn hundreds away  last Sunday night.  *   *   ���������  A tri-weekly service between  Prince Rupert and Edmonton will  be inaugurated on June 1st jby  the Grand .Trunk Pacific. The  steamers Prince Rupert and  Prince George will also ply three  times a week between Vancouver  and the Northern terminus during the summer season.  f * ���������  The Prince Albert, of the G.T.  P. fleet, will shortly leave for the  south to engage in the summer  trade between San Francisco and  Mexico. The boat recently went  through an overhauling process  at the Wallace ^Shipyards, North  Vancouver.  N.   W.   LEAGUE   STANDING  Yesterday's  Scores  Vancouver   7,   Seattle   5.  Aberdeen  1,  Victoria  0.  Spokane   2,   Tacoma   1.  Standing of Clubs  W. ' L. :��������� Pet.  Victoria  ' 15       10     -600  Vancouver    16       12     .571  Tacoma    16       12     .571  Spokane - 15       13     .536  Aberdeen  11       18     .379  .Seattle  10       19     .345  Rob'erts and Dondhee are due  to arrive any day on the coast  and will likely be in the lineup in  New Westminster on Monday.  Donihee is a stranger in these  parts, but Roberts played with  the M.A.A. team of Montreal a  few years ago in quest of the  cup. Roberts is a small aggressive player, but we doubt his  ability to be very effective against  such men as Howard, Marshall,  etc.  THE   DISLOYAL   BOOSTER  I  GO to yowr dealer today  and ask to see tlie various styles of J-ecJcie Shoes.  Step into a pair end note the real comfort. Comfort  and wearing qualities have always been first con-  sjdwations in the manufacture of LECKIE SHOES  ���������tbey are honestly built.  Then a������aln���������every penny you f������y  tor JMCKJV SHOSJS le kept in Exit:  ten CohmMa. to keep the wbeele of  Industry -humming���������to keep payroll*  foing.  ' "Why "hoy foreign ma4������ ehoee when  L&CKI6 SHOES are BBfJTBR aa4  coat no more? You'll find UOCKIR  SHOES the fceet *ho������ Ufftrtmeot you  ever ouMte.  lL������i.ft-i^  i  BROWNE & BEATON  Chemists 6 Druggists  Main and Fender 8ti.       TWO     Davie & Granville Sti.  Pbone: 8ej. 208 STORES        Phone: toy. 3080  A three-months' subscription to the Western Call will be  given FREE to all customers presenting this ad. and making  a purchase of 50 cents or more.' This offer is good at either of our two stores.  GET YOURS  NOW  We bought a bankrupt stock of Bough-House Fruit Bars, at 25 Cents  on the Dollar.   We've got  too  many, so help yourself at  2 for 5 Cent* While They Latt  8BE THEM IK OUB WINDOW  THAT NEW STORE  LEE BUILDING ON BROADWAY NEAB MAIN  WE LEAD, OTHERS FOLLOW  Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd.  ENGINEERS,   MACHINISTS  IRON & STEEL FOUNDERS  519 Sixth Ave. West.  Vancouver, B. C.  A British soldier in Belguim  was one morning wending his  way to camp with a rooster in  his arms, when' he was stooped  by the colone^ to know if. he had  been   stealing'  chickens.  "No, colonel,'' was the reply  "I saw the old fellow sitting on  the wall and I ordered him to  crow for England, and be  wouldn't, so I just took him  prisoner.  The Dominion Parks Branch  has recently issued three publications which are noteworthy on  account of the attractive form in  which they are printed and the  interesting matter they contain.  They are; '' Classified Guide to  Pish and Their Habitat, Rocky  Mountains Park" ��������� "The Nakimu  Caves" ��������� and "Glaciers of the  Rockies   and   Selkirks.'V  The Fish Guide is written for  the sportsman and naturalist  rather than the scientist. Itis/ii  compilation of first-hand information for anglers by one who  has fished in all principal waters  of the park. It takes tip each  locality, describes the best means  of reaching it, the different varieties of fish which can be secured,  and the best bait to use. The  game fish of the Rockies includes  five species of trout; one of which  ���������the take ftjinnewankaVtrout-^  has been known to run as High  as 40 lbs. tlie Grayling; the  Dolly Var4en and the Cut Throat  trout are found in mauy of the  lakes and - streams of the Park  and a fish hatchery has recently  been established at Banff for tbe  purpose of re-stocking those  which have become depleted^  The second pamphlet gives an  interesting account of the formation; character and discovery ;of  the famous Nakimu Caves near  Glacier, B. C. These interesting  natural curosities are supposed to  be about 40,000 years old and  consist of a series of underground chambers, some of them  fifty feet high and more than two  hundred^feet longj-hoUowed-out  partly by erosion and partly by  volcanic action, and opening into  each other at different levels.  The walls of the caves are covered with strange florescent limestone formations and they rever-  ate to the roar of. underground  torrents. The different chambers  have been given names suggestive of their character: "The Pit"  "The Marble Way;" "The Ballroom;'" "The Art Gallery;"  '' The Bridal Chamber;' 'etc., and  when they are lit with electricity  and proper guards and handrails  have been placed on the stairs  and platforms, they should be  among the most interesting sights  in the Rockies for tourists.  "Glaciers of the Rockies and  Selkirks" is by Dr. A. P. Coleman, Professor of Geology in the  University of Toronto, and bears  on the cover and attractive reproduction in color of a sketch  of jtylt. Ball, one of the picturesque peaks near the divide. Dr.  Coleman is a scientist with the  imagination of a poet and he has  written the story of the formation and work of the Canadain  glaciers with all his well known  literary charm. The pamphlet  should prove not only a great  help to the student of glacial  phenomena who visits the Parks  but it should inspire many Canadians with a desire to see"the  wonderful 'mountain scenery of  their own country for themselves,  "to put on," as Dr. Coleman  says, "Warm, strong clothes and  hobnailed shoes and to fill one's  lungs with mountain air in a  scramble up to the snowfields  to see how the glacial machinery  works."  The pamphlets may be obtained  upon application to the Dominion  Parks Branch, Ottawa, without  charge.  *  WAR UNDER THE SEA  When the British armoured  cruisers, Aboukir, Hogue. and  Cressy were all sunk within the  space of about an hour by one  German submarine, the world was  given a startling demonstration  of. the possibilities ��������� of this type  of war vessel. They have been  now made of such a size as to be  able to have played such an important part as to give considerable justification to Admiral Sir  Percy Scott's prediction that  when submarines have been fully  developed they will entirely displace the great dreadnaughts that  from the principal fighting  strength of the navies of the  present time.  Next to this first decisive blow  struck by the German submarines,  the most striking underwater attack up to the present stage of  the war was that of the British  submarine "B-ll," which stole  past five cordons of mines laid to  block the Dardanelles, torpedoed  and sunk the Turkish battleship  Messudieh, lying at anchor at  Tchanak Kelessi, and then worked its way back to safety after  being under water continuously  for nine hours. In December the  British made a combined sea and  air attack on the German naval  base at Cuxhaven, which not only  demonstrated the fighting qualities of the submarine but its  value for scouting purposes as  well. It is now reported on good  authority that the reason this attack could.be carried out without  disaster to the attacking party  was that the mine defences designed to protect the naval base  had been thoroughly explored in  advance by British submarines*  During the five years preceding  the war, submarine fighting craft  had been developed to a high  state of efficiency. Among the  new vessels, submersibles had almost entirely superseded the original type that bore the name  of submarine. For understanding the. character of the fighting  craft that has come into such  prominence it is necessary to distinguish between the two types  of vessels. The original submarine was designed primarily to  operate under water and was far  from being a seawoirthy craft  when running on the*V-syirface.  These vessels were valuable mainly for coast defence and for operations; within restricted limits  in connection with a fleet of warships. TbeV Vsubmeraible, while  having allVthe underwater efficiency of the submarine, is built  to operate on the surface as well  an4 is practically seaworthy as a  destroyer. Such vessels are capable of making long voyages and  of taking the offensive independently and not simply as auxiliaries to a fleet of warships. All  the later vessels, while commonly  called submarines, are in fact  submersibles. Tbe original submarines still in service are used  almost exclusively for coast defence. '-/ ;' ��������� '_' I'    ���������  XA^onvmeij^  the sea-going qualities of the submersible wag given a short time  before the war when the ^French  boat Papin made a voyage of 1,-  800 miles in 14 days, travelling  much of the distance under water. In this voyage the Papin  started from the French port of  Cherbourg,; passed around the  coast of. Spain, through the Strait  of Gibralter arid along the north  coast of Africa to the port of  Bizerta, in Tunis', completing the  trip with only two landings. The  Papin is over 170 feet in length  and carries six torpedo tubes.  The leading nations, belligerents and neutrals alike, are building bigger submersibles all the  time. According to reports, the  Germans are building four of such  size that they will be able to  keep at sea for forty days without having to replenish their  stocks of oil or provisions. So  far as is definitely known, how-  liver, a submersible to be built  for the United States will be the  largest of. all. This vessel is to  be 260 feet long and will have a  radius of action pf 5,500 miles.  It will be capable of making a  speed of 23 miles an hour on the  surface and of 12 1-2 miles an  hour when submerged. A contract for the construction of this  modern Nautilus was awarded recently by the Navy Department,  the cost being $1,350,000 ���������Popular Mechanics. X  Japan has ordered all her warships in Pacific waters near the  United States coast to return to  home waters. Advices to this  effect have been received from  Tokyo at the Japanese embassy at  Washington.  BROADWAY  THEATRE  114 Broadway, Near Main. F. H.' GOW, Mgr.  FEATURES FOR WEEK.OF MAY 24  Monday and Tuesday-  Empire Day SpecitU  Matinee, 2 to 5; evening, 7 to 11.  Charles Chaplin "In the Park."  "His Romany Wife," two-reel biograph.  Wednesday and Thursday���������  " Wanted���������A   Chaperone,"   Nestor   comedy";  "The Master Rogues of Europe."  Drawing Wednesday, 8.30 p.m.  Friday and Saturday���������  J&/S3CA  jSOjT  "Father Was Neutral."  Pathe's British Gazette.'  A number of Manitoba banks  are co-operating with the Department of Agriculture in its campaign, by setting up bulletin  boards in the banks premises on  which bulletins and notices from  the Agricultural Department  are posted.  Chile is said to be establishing a convict settlement on the  island of Juan Fernandez, the  famous Robinson Crusoe island.  Two. of the world's tallest  buildings, the Metropolitan Life  Building and the Woolworth  Building, of New York City, were  built by nickels and dimes. The  needs of to-day, supplied by the  five-and-ten-cent store, and the  needs of the future, assured by  industrial insurance, created  these great buildings.- -  '  Kingsway Market  At 8th Avenue  Live and Dressed Poultry, Rabbits and Pidgeons.  Potatoes, per sack 90c  Plants of All Kinds  O. A. SHARPS. Prop.  French Lessons  Given by  A Certified Parisian Teacher  Classes forming now. New and  easy Method   .  25c per lesson  Studio: 641 Granville St.  Phone: Jligh. 1015L.  private Lessons hy Arrangement  To the Public  To remove all doubt from the mind of tlie  public as to the legitimacy.of the sale of the  Dominion Bakery as well as to silence the  slanderous insinuations of a few very interested competitoi's, we take great pleasure in publishing to-day a letter of approval from one of  the best known lawyers and public men in the  city of Vancouver���������Mr. Alexander Henderson,  K. C.  Re Pominion Bakery Purchase  t Dear Sirs,���������I have carefully examined the  documents in connection with the sale, as.a going concern, of the Pominion, Bakery, situated  at the corner of Twenty-fourth Avenue and Inverness Street, in the city of Vancouver, from  William Kruck and William Schmidt to Frank  Giffin and John Amos JVtcDonald, arid I hereby  certify that, the said documents show conclusively:/. .  1st. That such sale is an absolute sale.  2nd. That the said Frank Giffin and John  Amos McDonald are the sole owners and proprietors of the Dominion Bakery, and  3rd. That the said William Kruck and William Schmidt have now no interest whatever in  the said Dominion Bakery.  ; Yours faithfully,  Alexander Hender^n  agSSE^SEsSSS  "-VUj^r-"-:,;"^!,  ^iZ-Tr^'.v -^"3ji~r :~;.c *"ti  "^^^'Xie^^^^i^^rXi.^^^T^^VTXr ���������*������&���������''^ -X-. A^Zqz,^-.5^vjT^>'*. ->V/-,,^,X_  ^S^y^^^^i-'y^'i*^ -J'^ky'^^&ZT^A^r^lv .��������� '.���������'k^f^'-r

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