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The Western Call 1915-05-14

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 4xXv  '' ~'  x  V -0  1  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  volume vn.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,   FRIDAY, ,MAY  14,  1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 1.'.  TJ3E  OF OUR RESOURCES  PERHAPS NEXT WINTER will see famine in  all its ugliness widespread.   In Europe this  will be the case without fail.   And that this  [will be the case in Europe will make living dear  (here.  The treasuries of the city and of the province will be found empty for the taxpayers are  not able to go on providing the means to sustain  ��������� the needy when they themselves are cut off from  all enterprise and profit.  These things may not be so next fall and  winter, but if the conflict goes on and increases in bitterness it may.  What should be done under the circumstances?     -'  '  Such food as there is to be found in the natural resources of the country should be in  measure commandeered by - the government.*  That is" the military phrase:  -The Halibut.   It is well known that there is  an inexhaustible supply of this.   The fine food  fish goes all over the States clean to the Atlantic  coast., The fishers-oan sell it at a few* cents a~  pound./ But it costs our citizens dear.  Now there are many unemployed? Why not  set them at getting quantities of this fish and  smoke-curing them so that they can be supplied  cheaply to all and free to the destitute." Many  a home will welcome the wholesome fare.  The same holds with the salmon and with  the herring in .the season.  1 -   Let  this stand  as  an  illustration  of what  might be done' in many lines.  THE LUSITANIA  XL  V  THIS PINE SHIP has gone with fifteen hundred  -Jives.   All,these people were non-combatants.  Many of them were women.   FJifty of them  a. ere Babies.      ' " ~  ' Wnat is ther* to be said?  The fact speaks clearer and louder than any  words or all words.'  There it Stands as an eternal disgrace to a ',  larse nation.   A short half year ago there would  have been written a-'greft^nation.   Never will  that term with consideration' .IbV used of this  large nation again.  " The men of this nation have a kind of. physical courage r'vhicb faces death. But notwithstanding, this is the work of a nation of cow-  ards.        v , -     '  The   torpedo "which, -struck   the   Lusitania .  killed the last vestage of right to the claim to  be recognized as a brave people by Germaby.  Cowardice, infamy and every otber su6li term  will be branded on the present generation of v  that people. .  Even if they should 'physically prevail and  seize the liberties of the world, it would not  altar the .face or clear the stain. The world  would be ruled by a cowardly people, who  through cowardly means attained their ends. -  But we conceive this to be impossible.   No.  Mich people can conquer the free nations except  by taking them by surprise, and the surprise has  gone by, the, free people are not conquered and  now will never be.  Poison gases, poison waters, torpedoing  helpless ships, what can'it_be_but the despairing  acts of a people without the moral courage to  say to the nations I have been in the wrong.  Let us have peace.  What of. us whose women and babies are  destroyed *  Stiffen1 the heart, strengthen the will, arm the  nation, and carry on the war, well knowing  that while we fight the men of the'enemy; and  strike at the military works and ships of the  enemy, he" strikes at our-women and children and'  our aged., He strikes at defenceless towns and,  makes war on unarmed ships. Let it be so. We  cannot make war on women, but sour women  know how to die.  One of our women on the Lusitania wrote  her mother as she went on board to go to1 the  front to join her husband whose praise has  gone over the Empire foi* his bravery in his  work as chaplain'at the front. , In that letter  she said, "I am all right. We may be torpedoed.  But don't worry, whatever happens I am and  shall be all right."  That is the spirit. If I live to work in the  hospitals, well, if I die don't worry,- it will be  all right. '.,.."  She was in the torpedoed ship. To-day we  enquired as to her fate. She and her boy are  among the survivers. But the same spirit is  abroad  among  all.  Our-women know how to die with our men.  There is gjory for them in the sacrifice. But for  their murderers there is utter damnation.  "Keep silent. -Let us not complain. But sharpen the bayonet and strengthen the arm that will  drive it home. Not for revenge, for that is a  spirit not needed by our nation, but to destroy  the degenerate power that is now bathing the  world in-blood. '  Ff-  X-Since-"the. above was written the following;  despatch ir.ovn. Queenstown has..come to hand:  The Rev. John A. Beatty, the-chaplain of a Canadian regiment, whose wife and son were lost  on the Lusitania, has declared that he would discard his ministerial cloth and go into the trenches against the Germans.  " I was a eowboy in Canada 25 years/' said  the minister, "and can, shoot the buttons off a  coat at 100 yards. I now consider it my duty to  kill as many Germans'as there were, women  and men and little; children murdered when the.  Lusitania went/dovm."-  TAX SALES  TO those whose taxes are paid in full and who have no difficulty in maintaining them  it may appear that this matter has not any interest. This, however, is not the case.  If a large volume of property is offered lit a tax sale at four per cent, of the assessed value in the district where such an owner has land, how can it do otherwise than destroy  the market value of the whole? - s  Such a tax disposes not only of the land of the delinquent taxpayer for a song,  but also of the major part of the market value of the property of the . men who promptly  pay their taxes. ���������   x  We again publish the application coupon for the property owners' league.   Sign it.  Get your friend to sign it and return to the Call.  v=  CRISIS IN B. C.  HOW AMUSING it .is to witness the childish  efforts of. Rev. Cooke to prove that the Liberal party had "nothing whatever to do with  the publication of the pamphlet" entitled the  "Crisis  in B.  C."  He might explain how it came to be printed  in the press office of the Liberal party, how it  is that it is being distributed from tbe Liberal  headquarters; why it was "held back for six  months and its issue coincident with the announcement bf an election; and why is it that  Mr. Cooke is certain that "some Conservatives  attempted to steal his documents?" Why at  Tory and not a Liberal? If Mr. Cooke knows  the thief well enough to be "sure" of his politics  why does he not hand him over to the police?  He may rest assured that no one in the Conservative party will condone' a thief.  Rev. Cooke says he is non-partizan. Perhaps he will tell us how it was he received an  appointment under the Laurier Government aa  a1 ' land and immigration agent? Surely not  because of .his non-partizanship. Perhaps it  was because of his theological training, which  specially fitted him fbr a disciple of "Frank  Oliver the Pure." Did he get his ideas of public purity from Frank? If so, it accounts fully  for his "pamphlet."  FALSE CREEK AND THE G. N. R.  .   v^        -r-'l  j j ���������  - *J ���������<> -  f    4.w      . / .  - ~������     r jt .  THE .GREAT  NORTHERN RAILWAY- COMPANY has failed to carry out its contract  fliith the citizens of Vancouver in the matter  of constructing  terminals,   depot,   freight, and  express, sheds.   This is ,a fixed  policy  of this  railway company.   They are notorious for their  ���������poor railway stations.   But why should we stand  helplessly  by and allow them  to  defy  us  in  this manner?   Why  argue with  them  at~ all?  Why -not "enter again into possession of the  tide flats and put the onus upon tba Company  to prove their rights."  Their riparian rights have been extinguished  * and it is - simply "*s\> much land to which they  have Secured title by deceit. ���������They have no legal  right to hold it and it is the. duty of the city  council to hold them rigidly to their contract  or revert the title in the city. ,    -  MILITARISM ABSOLUTE vs.  NON MILITARISM ABSOLUTE  GERMANY���������MILITANT Is face to face with  America non-militant. Germany has believed in war. Germany has prepared'wholly for  war. Germany has made war. Germany is still  pressing war to the utmost, believing that in war  there is unlimited gain for her. Unlimited loss  and honor for her, if she wins, and unlimited  domonition for her over the less military states  and certainly over the non-miltiary states.  America has not believed in war. America  has not prepared at all for war. America believes that there is no gain in Avar, and no honor  or glory. Therefore America avoids war as she  would the plague. .  But Germany militant has struck at the honor  of the American nation by flouting the conventions signed by America among the other signatories.  Germany    has    struck    at    the    American  peopled prestige by sinking her ships. Germany-  h������s struck at the life of her citizens on board  both British and American ships and has caused  more than one of them to perish.  Probably the end is not yet.     Other American lives will follow  those already  gone to  a  watery grave.  ' What will be the result?  America hopes, or has hoped, that by moral  suasion she can induce Germany to do the  right.     , . -:  Germany knows that she can use her material  force to force America to break away from.her  determined peaceful attitude and enter* the  arena of nations at all events prepared for war.  Which will succeed?  This is a psychological struggle. Will American influence unarmed win and induce Germany  to respect the humanities she has so callously rejected or will Germany compel America to become militant.  Unless  the  outburst  of anger from  all the  neutral world has startled Germany, it is likely  ��������� that she will follow the course she has adopted  and compel  America  to  enter the  struggle or  to lose her face with all nations.  Here the Kaiser holds the sway, and Mr.  Wilson and-the whole American people will be  helpless if the Kaiser so determines.  England believed that influence would keep  ^Germany from bringing on this war and wduld-  not prepare for the conflict. But Germany decided the matter for her, and she has been compelled to become a military V people whether  she would or not.  All honor to "the American ideal whieh was a  year ago the British ideal, and is still, in spite  of the fact that she has been compelled to meet  the militancy of Germany with a militancy of  her own. All hail then to the American ideal,  .but the realization of the ideal in this conflict  is not at'-the. will of any people who would  not pass under, the Prussian yoke and so bury  that ide.al indeed and forever.  Before this series of wars are over America  Anil stand in her lot armed, organized, and terrible to her foes. With the rest of the Celto-  Saxon peoples she will assist so thoroughly to  smash-the military, machine that it shall be'beyond-.repair.    But it may not be yet.  Remember that of��������� the rider on the Red Horse  it  was  spoken  "To  Him  was  given 'power  to  ---take-.peaee. from'.the earth."  POISONOUS GASES NEUTRALIZED  THE BEST NEWS which has come from the  ��������� front for. some time is contained in this paragraph^ X To. the east of Ypres the British  troops' have been attacked again with the aid  of asphyxiating gases. They allowed the fumes  to pass over, under the protection of masks recently put into use, and by rifle and machine  gun fire, they annihilated, at the very points of  their guns, the German columns, which .had advanced in close formation."   '  BRITAIN'S TIUTO  :->-;&_ -   <~A #ERY GOOD IDEA of the control of the  seas* b# Britain's navy may be gained from  the following figures taken from the official  report of British Board of TrAde:  The aggregate of trade (������113,834,117) is in excess of the February total by ������15,578,716, and in order  to trace the progress of trqde since the outbreak of war,  the following table is submitted:  Imports Exports  August    J542,362,0.S4   ������28,631,104  September    45,051,937     31,948,142  October  51,559,289     35,781,672  November  55,987,058     30,244,596  December' 67,554,960     32,149,474  January     .'    67,401,006     .35,143,057  February    65,268,814     32,986,647  March     . ..���������  75,590,908      38,243,199  Total  ������70,993,138  77,000,079  87,340,961  _ 86,231,554  09,704,434  102,544,063  98,2.55,461  113,834,117  CHINESE EGGS  IN RESPONSE to the urgent requests of numerous' associations and individuals the Dominion government has taken cognizance of the  extensive importation of Chinese, eggs, and has  passed an order that all eggs imported must be  marked, showing the name of the place of origin,  this will be welcome news to all local producers.  The order, is as follows >.  Department of Customs. Canada.  Ottawa, April 27, 1915.  To Collector of Customs:  Marking of Packages Containing Imported Eggs.  Regulations for the marking of packages  containing eggs imported into Canada or passing  in transit through Canada have been made and  established by order in council of 27th April,  1915,  as  follows,  viz.:  1. Every package containing eggs imported  into Canada or passing in transit through Canada shall .have marked thereon in plain letters  the word "PRODUCE" and the name of the  country whence exported directly to Canada.  2. The brands or stencils for such marking  shall be supplied by the Department of Customs,  in the form approved by the Minister of Customs,, and the marking of the packages containing eggs shall be done at the expense of the importer, or shipper, under the supervision of. a Cus-  ' toms Officer.  .3. It shall be the duty of Collectors of Customs, at ports where imported eggs are entered  ���������for consumption or for warehouse or for exportation, to see that all. packages of such articles are plainly marked as prescribed by these  Regulations.  4,-���������-Packages������������������ "of imported eggs entered for  warehouse, if not properly'marked ok branded,'  shall be marked in such warehouse under the  supervision of "the Customs Lockers in charge,  who shall see that all such packages are marked  according to regulations, before they are delivered from warehouse. ���������'  5. Customs Officers attending the delivery of  imported eggs entered for consumption-in "Canada or in attendance when the same are being  laden in transit on board vessels or cars for exportation from Canada, shall personally supervise and enforce.the 'marking-of all packages  of- such  eggs.  JOHN McDOUGALL.  Commissioner of Customs.  THE LICENSE QUESTION 5 1  THE  LICENSE  COMMISSION  is  considering  the advisability of avowing the many hotels"  of the' city to close their dining rooms.   It '  is true''times are bad and that hotels are suffering,- but' if anything is to be closed let it be tha  bar, not the dining rooms.'  If an hotel cannot operate' as an hotel let it "  go out of business.   We fought out the ques- .  tion of "saloon", long'years ago, and they (12  of them) were abolished,:and no one has ever  regretted it.   Our hotels used to be wretched,      .   ^  but through the. close attention of the commis-     *-' X >'������_]  sioners during recent years they have been much ,    .     ,.v*  improved.   Dp noVlet us retrograde, but rather A-^/^/j  progress.    .''���������������'*��������� A * '",   *'   '-v'^ A  It is' to be, regretted-.that- a deputation  went before the commission and raised a  row. No self-respeeting body of men will be  driven to action, nor should'these persons be unreasonable in their demands". The commissioners  have a difficult" task to perform. Let us help  them instead of making their way more arduous.  We are sure the Licence Board will realize the  dangerous step, they contemplate', and ?efrain.  ���������ip-   ��������������������������� ��������� ii    ���������in   m*M      I  BRAZILIAN MAEKET FOE CEMENT  J. sX -    '  A.FAVORABLE opportunity presents itself to  Canadian cement manufacturers to secure a  portion   of   Germany's   cement   trade   with  Brazil.' The   following   statement   shows   the  amount suppliedxby various countries.  Countries . 1912. 1913.  United State. :....'...*  275,942   $ 765,023  Germany     2,525,183     2,978,914  United   Kingdom    t  1,138,04$     1,918,481  Belgium  .........X......'..     960,125       906,531  Denmark- ....:......! *.     122,245       110,639  Prance    .1 .,     117,025    -.  175,035  Other CountrieB J    /_25,39S  -    264,587 , ^  ���������     ToUi    .......,;.........,....a5^63^61   $7,119,210',,^  vX~i���������  .x<<x  X   "''���������'  3  " XVHJ  v-'3xx4  - 4 ���������    "3&I  , 4  TZr  nm/$j& .j������r$j& *������d ***!*&���������  a beguft>TWi'WWwiWty the  state of tlie  PROGEESS Of THE WAB  THE  bas  struggle at the present^tim*.  In tbe first war. Germany wjp. beaten,,beaten  #ell,nigb beaten to her knees. , She, would have>  made peace with France. She Voi^4 &*ve- made,  peace witb Russia. SheVonW-lurlss"made peace  with the allies on the ��������� wflersjanding that  it was to be a drawn-war. But' she declared;  iri her writings and by the lips of. her statesmen  that she would immediately begin to prepare for  a new war.  She could not bring about such a peace and  therefore she prepared for a new war at once.  At present she is putting into the field a new  army.' Their numbers are probably greater than  the numbers with which she began the former  war and she has found means to hearten her  people to the endeavor.  ,But she meets forces which now are not inferior to her own, as they were in August. She  meets an equipment stronger than her own. She  meets a morale in her foes vastly improved by  the success of the former operations.  She meets condemnation among the neutrals  some of whom last-August were strongly-pro-  German.  Her cruiser fleet is gone. Her commerce is  gone. Her prestige is gone. Her faith in herself is shaken. Her country is weary. Her financial position is crippled now, and is growing  worse with every week. Her levies are piling  their bodies by the ton on the battle fields. She  will fight this war this summer.  In the conflict she will do desperate things and  she will make many a family mourn. But her  end is coining.  Really it matters little whether she gets  Ypres, or whether she bends the Russian line.  Doing this costs men, always men; and in awful  numbers.  The army of her dead who shall number.  The multitude of her disabled who shall  record. Her dead cannot be recalled, her disabled cannot be restored. God is against her  and the world is determined that her murderous  schemes shall fail. No nation has envied her  as she has taught herself to believe. No people  has wished to destroy her or her people. She is  ,the aggressor. She has so shown the reptile  spirit that the nations dare not leave her with  arms in her hands or power to work more ruin.  Therefore, they are grinding" her-to powder.  By and by the cry will go forth, Babylon the  great has fallen, and the world will see her end,  as the dominant military power.  If her people recover from, tlieir blood lust  and madness all the world will be glad. If she  does not so recover for the sake of the world,  and for the sake of righteousness she must be  destroyed.  This is the state of the question among the  nations to-day.  But the strife will be bitter beyond the experience of men. The sky reflects the fire and  the blood of the conflict. In the west there will  be a conflict of giants, and happy will be the  man who can join our ranks and help to hold  the devil possessed legions. If they die, it will  be honor, if they live it will be glory for them  to the end of their days. Those who cannot be  at the front will suffer most, and those who have  nothing to give in sacrifice in this conflict will  mourn.  Let the nation bow the heart before God and  seek His aid, conscious of the faet that the  cause is His cause. -  '- .'S  i  Let the bereaved be glad in the sacrifice. xxX"  THE WESTERN  CALL  , Friday/May 14,1915.  ������������������*  i'.  RED DEER AND GREY WOLF  Canada with its thousands of  lakes and streams, is an ideal  home for the red deer. During  the summer months, at .morning  and evening, the deer may be  seen feeding on the lily pads  in the ponds or on lakes. The  graceful does will stand and  look at approaching canoes until they ��������� are quite close, then  scamper into the deep woods,  even watchful that danger is  not near their fawns.  The does of the red deer  , select quiet nooks away from  the paths of the bears, lynx, and  wolves, yet near the water when  possible. In these quiet nooks  they give birth to their* fawns,  from one to three in number  (usually  two).  The little fellows lie very quiet  for. the first- few days of their  lives. Their light brown coats,  spotted along back and side with  white, blend splendidly with the  leaves, etc., about them. Should  a person walk near them at this  time, the little creatures will  lie close to the ground among Jhe  . leaves and dead grass. Not, a  move is noticeable. Nature has  blessed them in throwing but  little scent until they have shed  their spotted ;coat ami taken on  the blue or winter coat; as woodmen call it; after this they throw  strong scent and many fall victims to wolves, etc.  A forest ranger tells the following experience. ( He says "I  went for a walk along the'rocky  , shore of a lake about dusk. The  wolves howled close by. In a  few minutes I saw a number of  fawns swim along the rocks to a  quiet nook where they hid among  the ferns and cedars safe from  harm. These fawns were possibly six weeks old. Ivdid not see  the does. Evidently they vrere  close by, ready to take to the  water if .pressed -by jdanger."  ^   Does that raise 'fawns throw  but little scent duringu the-winter1 deer killed by wolves, or which  and summer months. Here again  the laws of Nature protect the  mothers in hours of trail. Dur-'  ing a couple of months in the  autumn does throw a very strong  scent.' Bucks always leave a  strong scent from the time of  shedding- the spotted coat of  babyhood.  When about a year old, bucks  grow" antlers. These grow all  summer until about the latter  part pf September, and are covered with a rind not unlike the  covering of a butternut when  green. When the antlers are fiill  grown they rub them against the  soft bark of small trees to remove  the velvet covering, causing them  to bleed slightly at first. Day  after day they keep rubbing until all the velvet is removed and  the points of. the antlers are quite  sharp. He is now ready to give  ���������battle to any of his kind, and at  this period will often be seen  standing pawing the ground,  snorting defiance. , Many and,  furious are the battles they have  with each other during the  .autumn months.  When real heavy frost sets in,  usually in the latter part of  December or early in January,  bucks lose their antlers. It is  not unusual to see a buck carrying, one antler a few days, after  dropping the first antler. Bucks  having Tost their antlers1 may be  seen feeding together, evidently  their old battles forgotten until  April showers melt the snow  when they again become com-  'Jbative.  .   Many   people   ask���������what   be.  comes" of all the antlers .shed' by���������'  deer.   At this moment close by^  is lying an antler of large deer  almost   eaten   up   by   small   rodents of the nfouse family.   After  being shed the fallen antler becomes slightly soft and apparent  ly easily eaten. ,  I    It  is   a  strange  fact  that   a  l J     -_     1   Ml     J     1  _1_      _ 1   ���������    1  "Pride of the West"  , BRAND  OVBBAU& 88I&TS, PANTS and WAOJCINAW  OWTOJNG  MAJTO?AOTTO*ii> Jtf VAWCOUVBa  ay  MACKAY SMITH, BUIR & CO., UP,  "Buy Goods Made at -Borne, and get both the  Goods and tbe Money."  *  SERVICE FIRST  /^UR one thought and purpose  on  all appointments is  **   GENTEEL SERVICE.   We leave no details for your-  care.  QUR    CHAPEL    and    RECEPTION    ROOM XX  ���������^ will   afford   you   any   privacy   you   may/  desire.  MOUNT PLEASANT UNDERTAKING CO.  Pbone: Fairmont 189 164 8th Ave. E. (near Main)  The Pioneer Meat  Corner Broadway and Kii  Proprietor, Frank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  has been shot and has died in  the forest, that the antlers, when  mature, will not soften or be  eaten in the manner of those  shed in the natural.  A buck with full grown antlers is one of the most graceful-  looking animals found in the forests. He is also the most slandered and least understood. Many  times have I heard the cowardice  of the buck spoken of by1 men  in all classes of life. Had they  understood the animals, one  would have been louder in its  praise. Should Avolves or hounds  or other danger be near when  a buck is feeding with does and  fawns, at tlie first cause of alarm  the buck will very often snort  as a warning. Then, if. time,  permits, he will take a circular or  direct opposite direction to that  of the does and fawns, throwing  a strong scent to draw the danger  away after himself.  During the deep snow of the  Winter deer gather into bands  in the deep swamps usually near  rapids of other open water, where  they may drink or swim Vacross  in ciase of attack by ^wolves.  Gathering together in this manner is* called yarding, and the  swamp deer a deer yard.. The  paths are so hard and well  beaten as to carry a man > any  place on them, and cross each  other in every conceivable manner. v ; ��������� ,   .  Here the deer live quietly,  together, feeding upon the cedars and moss that grows-on the  balsam trees. They make beds  by lying do%n in the soft snow  at first,., returning to the same  pla_e night 'after night, i when  not disturbed, until the bed where  they lie becomes like a solid  piece of ice.  During the autumn many bucks  and fawns fall victims to wolves.  Toward spring when wolves'get  into a yard, and follow the  paths,  many  does  fall  victims.  The wolves are the- great enemies of the deer. .Venison being their natural food, they remain wherever it is -plentiful  with a persistency that defies all  efforts to exterminate them. No  animal native to Canadian woods  is possessed of more cunning than  tbe wolf. The wolves are big  chaps, quite often over a hundred  pofnds in- weight, resembling  an English collie in build J  their' feet and clayra arc  almost identical.. The sides and  underpart of the wolf are grey  or, black in many cases. Among  themselves wolves are playful,  also quarrelsome, fighting fiercely,  leaving trails of blood upon the  snow.      "-','���������,  . the young, usually from five to  eight in number, are' born in  April and May, the mother wolf  selecting a temporary den in a  hollow log or niche in the rocks,  where the little tawny-looking  chaps remain until a few weeks  old, when they are taken out by  jthe mother and taught the mysteries of the hunt.  Throughout- the summer months, at early morning or evening, quite often the long drawn  howl of the mother and the  shrill cries of the welps may be  h-ieard as a deer escapes or is  | being pulled down by them.  One example of the cunning  of the wolf is found in the manner they hunt deer in a section  where many lakes and streams  are found. Here wolves still  hunt for deer, only howling when  the chase has ended! farther  north, wolves jgive tongue after  the manner of the hound when  hunting deer. Wolf packs generally consist of the mother wolf  and welps. They appear to remain together until the following spring, the old males joining  the packs quite often a kill.     \  Many deer are killed all the  year round by wolves. Quite  often only a small portion is  eaten by wolves; the remainder  fall to the lot of foxes, fishers,  martens, etc., which have learned  to follow wolf packs, looking for  the remains of deer" and often  other animals. At other times  nothing but the skin of a deer  wilj remain;' bones and all are  eaten.  Toward spring wolves ��������� quite  often attack deer in the yards  in the deep, cool swamps> and  many are left killed and lying  without a single pound of flesh  beingjeaten at the time. This is  said to be provision against the  time the young are born when  the mother wolf may find the  food so badly needed at that  time.  The rangers keep up a constant war against the wolf, and  have never known them to ^attack any person; However, there  is  every reason to. believe they  would attack if a person were in  a weak condition or were taken  unawares.  During the winter of 1909 we J  were often followed all day by  wolf pack without knowing  it until we would retrace  our steps tol camp. Quite  often - they wouldn't be two  hundred yards behind us,  but would ' scamper ��������� away  under cover, until we passed them,  when they would follow our trail  again. We tried many ruses,  but failed to catch them off their  guard. The footprints in the  snow told their story very clearly.  The story is told of an old  female and family of six. That  the old wolf was educated to the  ways and effects of poisoned baits  could not be doubted. Going  along the snowshore trails, when  coming near a bait the pack  would halt. The larger track  woidd swing out around the bait.  A hole here and there in the snow  showed where the keen nose had  been pushed in search of danger.  The smaller tracks would swing  away from the trail and baits,  as though the phelps had been  warned by a careful mother.  None of them fell victims as far  as we could judge. The sense  of smell and hearing of wolves,  as well as their eyesight, is extremely keen. They are very  curious and suspicious. , Wolves  appear to be possessed of-an unusual amount of intelligence, yet  there is no greater sneak or  coward among our Canadian  animals than the grey timber  wolf.  ABOUT MACHINE GUNS  (From the London Answers.)  Every day in the newspapers  there crop up incidents dealing  with the effect of machine, gun  fire, and an enormous number of  these weapons are doing their  deadly work to-day.  In the British army the machine gun is the Maxim; the  French use the Hotchkiss or Pute-  aux; Austrians employ the Schwa rzlose and Germans the Maxim. In all cases machine guns  are attached to the infantry  forces, usually at the proportion  of two guns per battalion, or  1,000 men.  These guns fire rifle cartridge  at immense .speed by mechariieal  means and usually the kick,- or  .recoil, of the gun is used for.the  purpose of reloading. It is interesting to note that in a test 42  British first-class shots engaged  against a machine gun, each fire-  ing at the same target for one  minute, the gun discharged 228  rounds and made,69 hits; the 42  marksmen discharged 408 rounds  and made 62 hits.  One clause in the Litany which  is being used in Russian churches  at the present time shows how  our eastern allies, remember the  horses upon whom so much of-  the success of war depends and  whom, we'must feel sure, are precious in the eyes of Him who  does /not forget even one sparrow. It runs: "For those also,  O Lord, the humble beasts, who  with us bear the burden and heat  of the day, and offer their guileless lives for the well-being of  their countries, we supplicate Thy  great tenderness ' of heart, for  Thou hast promised to save both  man and beast,'and great is Thy  loving kindnesay ;0 Master, Saviour <of the world.''.       V  . Ottawa Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIEI  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie;  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of RailwayComqrissionera  Mr. Clivo Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  acco  16.25 INCH GUNS  It will astonish many people  to learn,that some 30_years-ago  the vessels of the British Navy  mounted guns 16.25 inches in  diameter and 110 tons in weight  ���������larger than those on the Queen  Elizabeth, pur latest battleship,  or even those reputed siege guns  belonging to the Germans.  But that, Vas Professor V. B.  Lewes pointed out in an interesting and popular lecture on "Modern Explosives" at the Queen's  Hall, London, recentlj%;Was in the  days of gun-powder, before the  evolution of the explosive now  in use;  Though gun cotton was invented or rather discovered, in the  early days of the Victorian era,  and nitro-glycerine was by no  means a recent invention, the  "beautiful blend" of the two  which formed cordite was the  result of long experiment by  many chemists. British cordite,  Professor Lewes described ias the  most perfect propeliant in the  world because it could be submitted to the heat of India, or the  | cold of the Canadian winter without deterioration.  Our enemies had a good powder but not so.-good as cordite,  which to-day was universally  used in the British service���������for  the rifle of the infantry and the  15 , inch guns of- the navy alike.  Oskaloosa, Iowa, a city of about  ten thousand inhabitants, ' has  found a'successful way of keeping out tramps, says a Writer in  Technical World Magazine. Several signs are placed about, the  city. These signs read: "This  city has a stone pile for tramps.  You are welcome. Mayor." The  city has had very little trouble  with tramps since this scheme was  devised.  WOOD  DOMINION WOOD YARD  "SPECIAL"  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  All kinds of Mill Wood  ���������      * ��������� "  Phone: Fair. 1554  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brajss Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Fig Lead, Pipe and    '  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows:  Phone: Sey. 8942.  1101 Dominion Building.  Bonnie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta Grain and Feed Store  154? Main Street  Our Specialty  Potatoes and -AH Kinds of Vegetables  r -  .Free City  Delivery  Phone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver, B. 0.  Yow Can Save Money  By Using  TANGO STREET CAR TICKETS  Eight 'ST 25 Cent.  THIS IS HOW IT WORKS OUT  32 &ides at  a 5 cent fwe  nM  32 Bides on  TangoTickets  Your Saving on  $1 investment  ������0c  NOW ON SALE ON ALL B. C. ELECTRIC CITY CABS  AND OFFICES AS WELL AS AT NUMEROUS STORES  .THROUGHOUT VANCOUVER.  Good (without transfer) on any B. C. Electric line within  limits of Vancouver from 5 a.m. until midnight.  "Q. B." Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  "Q. B." Means   Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B." Means "Made in B. G."  by White Help.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd. t  "Our Coal Lasts Longer"  Our Vancouver Island Coal is the highest grade  mined on the Pacific Coast. More heat, no clinkers,  lasts longer.   Try a ton.  WOOD  Mill Wood and Kindling, per load.  Choice 16-inch Fir, per load...  $2.50  $3.00  BUILDERS'    SUPPLIES  Paction Tile, Etc.X  Kilgaard Fireclay Co's.XPire Brick; Sewer Pipe,  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  X Seymour 5408.5409 >  ' - /if  f , 1    r  'K  , Friday, May 14, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  8  THE CHARGE OF  THE   GALLANT  500  How the Worcesters Saved Calais  .Only:'now, after the^ lapse of  many weeks, is it possible to tell  "the story of how 800 British  soldiers barred the Kaiser's road  , to Calais; how fewer than 500  English linesmen charged right  into the mouth of a veritable inferno, drove back a twenty -times  stronger force of Germans, and  forever freed England fiom the  menace of the Him of. Calais  sands.  The story is told by an officer  who is but now recovering from  a wound received on that day at  the end of "October when 2,'400  ipen of the "contemptible"  British army held the village of  Gheluvelt, on the road to Ypres,  against 24,000 of the War. Lord's  The British troops  heavily. Reinforcements from  the scant reserve behind the chateau were hurried into the trench  and then the German shelling  commenced all over again. The  day wore on, men fell left and  right, and as yet there was. no  sign of the Worcester regiment.  Towards dusk the Germans could  be seen 'massing for another attack, and the British troops prepared for a- final stand; there  were no more reserves,' and. if the  GermWns but persisted in their  attack nothing could stop tnem.  The shelling redoubled in fury,  and thep came the second attack.  The full fury was directed at the  centre' of, the line held by the  Welsh Regiment. .Horde , upon  horde of Germans pressed forward. Hundreds fell as they advanced, but where one fell two  filled fiis place. Right up to the  trend, they came; right up and  in.' Then it was cold steel.. The  hordes.   The British troops   con-,_ ,      ,     _     , ,,   ,     ,  risted of ft. sorely <���������___-. bat- ������____������ _������_*_**������������__��������� ������  talions of the Scots Guards, the  South Wales Borderers, and the  Welsh and Queen's regiments,  which held hastily constructed  trenches.'across the front of Gheluvelt  village;.'  There had beerf no time to perfect these poor defences against  the artillery and rifle fire of the  enemy, but every British soldier  knew that the; position had to be  held atxall costs, for once the line  was; broken there was nothing to  stop the Huns' march on Calais.  Reinforcements had been promised; the Worcesters were on their  Way, but. even then the odds  would be nine to, one.  Frdm long before dawn the  battle raged. The German artillery searched the British trench  ��������� from end to end and shelled the  Chateau of Gheluvelt, where the  battalion commanders were quartered, causing their hasty remov- .,.������,���������,  ,al to< a dug-out in the chateau ,the hard-fought field.  ing rather than give ground, but  weight .of numbers told, and as  night fell: the enemy commanded  the 'trench, from:the centre.  No quarter was given' to the  British Savagely the Prussians  stabbed about them. Bayonets  were thrust into dead and living  and many, an English soldier, but  wounded by a Prussian bullet,  was murdered by a  bayonet. ,  On the' left the- Scots Guards  still held their line, and on the  right the Queen's were at bay,  and before the enemy could advance they had first to deal with  these gallant remnants of gallant  regiments. But now the Worcesters had arrived. An officer  of the South Wales Borderers,  the old 24th, which gained undying fame at Rorke's Drift, had  at great risk to himself found  and   guided   the   Worcesters   to  THE NAVAL SITUATION  An  THE KAISER'S ROMANCE  grounds. Men fell not by ones;  ahoXtwOsi but by dozens and  halfrdbzens; but those who surviv-  eiiVweMas steady as if on parade.  There was no random firing.  ;-'.- The officers, careless as usual  of their own safety,. ceaselessly  patrolled the position from end  to" end, cheering and encouraging  their men. 'Many fell, and those  >vhe> could scrambled to their feet  again, making light of their injuries, but many bad fallen for  all time, and had perforce to lie  ��������� where they -i$X. X .vx  At last the shelling ceased and  there was a st-fr: in the German  ranks.XTbey were about id  charge. Now the British knew  that the time of. their inactivity  was passed���������now they could take  toll of the enemy���������avenge their  comrades who lay stark and stiff  around them. The machine gunners looked to tbeir weapons,  there must be no hitch, no jam  when the moment came.  And so the Germaps charged.  On they came without fuss and  without flurry, only to be jnown  down JCJfegl!^^  "gun. One nioment there was a  solid advancing massJq% Germans,  and the next there was? still a  mass of Germans, but they were  farther away, while between then*  and the British was a carpet of  grey heaps. Again the Germans  came on climbing and; stumbling  over those grey heaps���������those  heaps which but a few moments  before were the leaders of the  advancing host. The carpet became thicker, but no living  enemy reached that lead-spurting  trench, and at last the Kaiser's  soldiers fell back to cover.  "Cold Steel"  The British held their line, but  at terrific cost; scores lay dead,  and there was scarcely an un-  wounded man in the whole long  line of trench. The Welsh regiment in the centre had suffered  The \ Englishmen were only  three' . companies strong, . but  these scarce 500 men charged  right through the shot-swept  streets.of Gheluvelt, right up to  the lost' trenches, almost into the  heart of the German host; and  the Germans turned and, fled���������  when the odds at this moment were more than twenty to  one in their favor, and fleeing lost  forever their chance of breaking  through to Calais. Had they  withstood that desperate charge,  had they in turn borne down  upon the Englishmen, sheer  weight of .--"numbers., woulii nave  carried ttem through to; the Calais road. But they fell back-  back behind their original position, and were never again, able  to break the British line.  Of the 500 Worcesters who  went to .the charge but 200 un-  wounded men answered to the  roll when the field was won, and  of the 2,400 British soldiers hale'  and whole when morning broke  but 800 lived to tell of that great  fight. ,-������������������; X  authoritative naval writer  in an English war publication  points out how the German navy  has been weakened so far in the  Great war by losses of trained  sailors. This aspect he sums up  by reciting that' "The Far Eastern squadron, under Admiral Graf  von Spee (now lying at the bottom of the Atlantic with his five  ships)', was the crack gunnery  force of the whole German navy.  It represented German prestige in  the outer seas; it has now been  sunk. The most considerable  losses of officers and men have  occurred in distant waters. In  other words the Germans have  lost of their best, the cream  of the fleet. They could  afford ' to spare the ships,  but not these trained officers  and men, for they were  the war began. It is often forgotten tbat it takes about twice  as long to train an expert seaman  gunner and torpedo man, as to  build the largest and most powerful dreadnaught costing, it may  be, nearly $15,000,000. Every  cruiser, "destroyer, and gunboat  p which   has   been   sunk   had   on  ussian board a number of expert ratings;  in the period of the war the Germans cannot hope to replace  them. Altogether the ships lost  had on board between 9,000 and  10,000 officers and men���������probably  the latter figure is the more  accurate.''  The loss represents 14 per cent  of   the   German, fighting    naval  forces,  "the  most  serious   blow  which could have struck at the  enemy's sea power."   The British have lost  7,000 officers  and  men, but with great resources in  the "way of trained reserves and  with the force of ships greater  than  when  the  war  began,  we  can  face  the   outlook  and   outcome in a sea fight with equanimity.   If,  as reported, a great  and probably decisive naval battle   is   impending,   concurrently  with the German land rush in the  west, the outcome will be one of  which  we  need  not  be - afraid.  Our naval prestige was never so  high; .the German's is at a low  ebb.   Von   Bernhardi's   plan   of  attrition   was   a   visionary   one  like many others of his theories.  Britannia.   Rules   the ���������"���������..Waves���������-���������  never so splendidly as now in  the   whole;  of   her   remarkable  story of sea power. The land operations are not in doubt even at  this strenuous and ���������trying period.  But the naval situation is one to  merit the pride and confidence of  those  who ; depend  upon  it  for  safety   and  the   preservation   of  their institutions.���������IJaily Mail.  The Kaiser had a like incentive,  more remote but also more romantic and grandiose for his successful entrapping of Turkey.  That was a conquest such as he  attempted with Belgium. Through  Turkish corruption and Enver's  bumptiousness Germany got the  historic key to world dominion,  as Napoleon and many another  called Constantinople, actually in  possession. It is she and not the  Turk that is now about to lose  this link between her and her  Asian romance. But there is no  such imaginative explanation of.  Germany's goading Italy on ito  war. Wb'cannot say how authentic is the story of the,Kaiser's  declaration that he will punish  Italy if it takes him ten years to  do it. . If he did say that at such  a time as this it must have been  6ut of ungoverned folly or with  the intention of putting Italy into  a state of white heat with. Germany with no outlet but war.  Germany   seems   to   be   already  committing acts of war against ���������  Italy. She has not only stopped  all exports to that country, including coal, for which Italy is  dependentl on other countries/ aJ  proceeding which might be attributed to internal needs, but  she is stealing all the Italian.  freight cars on'her soil, which is'  plainly an act of war. The Germans resident in "the land where  orange tree blossoms V are rushing northward pell-mell to escape,  consignment to concentration  camps/ should war befall.���������Montreal Witness.  .r-'  V^������ V |  j_  i j '    _1  X  xGirfiiy airing ������bf"wafT Poland  is reported to be in the most terrible straits. All the world has  beeii moved by the woes of. Belgium, but the need of Poland is as  great; if not greater. Her cities  and villages have been captured  and recaptured by both German  and Russian, her fields have been  laid Waste and her inhabitants  are slowly dying of starvation.  The Russian people have come to  their aid as far as it is possible  and the Czar has given largely,  but the difficulty has been to  get supplies to the unfortunate  peasants who are caught between  the lines of the opposing armies  A Japanese girl seven years  old has just climbed to the summit of Japan's sacred mountain,  Fujiyama, fifteen thousand feet  high.  TIM! Wit AM for  W  Bedding    Plants,  Celery and Cabbage Plants  Decorative Plants  and  Gut  ������������������>���������.���������'" .Flowers  Tbe Right Place wh������re you  '��������� get the Right Plants at  the Right Price  Keeler's Nursery  .   Corner 15th and Main  Phone: Pair. 817  L1X  PE  Oil  ���������ION  .. "NOW SERVING 2,000,000 HOMES"  y  ,'l   *   H  ���������      i^.  ur. ' _  THE NEW PERFECTION  Oil Cookstovc, for years  manufactured in the United  States, is now made in Canada.  The  Perfection Stove Company,'  Ltd., at Sarnia', Ont., is manufacturing these stoves for distribution '  by The Imperial Oil Company,  Ltd., throughout the Dominion.  The NEW PERFECTION is  the best-known ahd Aost-liked oil  stove in the world. ()ver 2,000,000  are now in use���������saving money and  labor for their users and keeping  kitchens clean and comfortable.  The NEW PERFECTION  brings gas stove conveniences to,  the kitchen. It lights like gas,  cooks like gas. 1, 2, 3, and' 4  burner sizes.'  Ask your dealer to show you a  NEW.PERFECTION Oil Cook-  stover-made at Sarnia, Ont., by  Canadian workmen. If he cant  supply you, write us direct.  KOYAUTB Oil, GIVES BEST RBSULTS    *  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  X '-.. '     ,-.   Limited  -   BRANCHES IN ALL CITIES  Made in  Jimm*  Canacto  ���������$oo������of at torn sttostJoa ia em Its most fSTortWr light, there will be a demsnd  $m foe* tM tae woiW wW find-gre^\4i4lcnltr:in\s^Mi^n  UW. MjMTm BUltUmj* Minkta of AgrUultur*  17EGBTABW growers can render ������real service to th������ Empire by increasing tbe produc-  ��������� tion of vegetables, especially those tbat can readily be stored and transported. Tha war  in Europe ba* devastated thousands,of vegetable-producing acres and made it difficult  for Britain to obtain her usual supplies. Vegetable growers are urged to select carefully  tbe bast varieties of seed and plant in properly cultivated and fertilized soil. Work  band in band with the agricultural specialists of both tfce Canadian pepartment of  Agriculture and your Provincial Department.  Scene Not Far from Vancouver  POTATOES ffi^  crop the yield of which, perhaps,  can fie increased so much as  potatoes. Potatoes have been  grown in a small plot at tbe rat*  of over 700 bushels per acre at  tha Central Experimental Farm,  Ottawa. So great is tbe difference in tbe yield of varieties  that while one gave thia large  yield, another, under same con-'  ditions, gave but 164 bushels.  It will thus be seen bow important it is to plant a productive  variety.  The    fact    that  beans have been  BEANS  a good price for a number of  years, and also that they are of  very great food value, ahould  encourage every person who  can to grow beans. Western.  market jrices will not be influenced^ thia year by foreign  beans, and for that reason we  Should produce a bumper crop.  The/ md will need them.  T0 th* farmer's wlft, tint  Qooernment make* a tpoetal  ttppiol. In many cane* th* crape.  tabh gardtn and th* poultry  mr* largely under hur direct  management Anything that eh*  eon do to Inoreaee produotlon  willb*������omuch atdatwm totim  tmplr*.  Canadian  Department of  Agriculture,  Ottawa, Canada  POULTRY and EGGS  Up to the commencement of  the year, Great Britain imported from Belgium; France,  Russia, Germany and Austria-  Hungary poultry to the value of  f3,OM,000 per year and eggs  amounting to 186,000,000 dor.  Canada in 1914 imported  ���������800,000 more poultry than she  esported.andimporteo|2.60O,000  more eggstfaanexported. Canada  needs 1,800,000 more hens,  averaging 100 eggs per year, to  supply the home demand before having any eggs for expert  The average egg yield per hen  In Canada is. but 80 eggs per  year, whieh ia very low. Careful selection, feeding and housing could in a few years bring  tho average up to 180 eggs per  hen per year. It would be a  profitable thing to strive for.  LIVE  STOCK   Breeding  ������ stock are  today Canada's most valuable  asset The one outstanding  feature of the world's farming  is that there will soon be a  Ssat shortage of meat supplies,  ve your breeding stock. Plan  to increase your live stock.  Europe and the United States,  as well as Canada, will pay  higher prices for beef, mutton,  and bacon in the very near  future.   Do not sacrifice now.  Remember that live stock is  the only basis for a prosperous  agriculture. Ton are fanning,  not speculating  It has been Mid that European farmers farm better than  (hey know; Canadian and American farmers not as well ss they  know. Let us this year live up  to what we know. Let our  contribution to the "Patriotism  and Production" campaign be  bumper crops.  VACANT LOTS ���������,'  and this opportunity are not for  farmers only. Residents of  towns and cities can help the  Empire by growing vegetables  on small plots or raising chickens  in their back yards. City Councils, Boarda of Trade, and other  organizations can help by arranging for the cultivation of vacant  lots, which will relieve the unemployment situation at the  same. time. Those at home have  a duty to perform as well as  those in the firing line. From  the interest manifested by the  Kople in the "Patriotism and  oduction" announcements, we  feel sure every one has good  intentions. ' what we urge is  that these good intentions be  ^carried into action. Get busy.  Every extra bushel you grow  means that much more for  . export  r *������������������  J y     . , 4.1  ��������� *f " A J  '    k\  u  (.).'  No Postage Required.    ��������� *  +    Publications Branch, Canadian Department of Agriculture, _���������  'A/                                           Ottawa. X  ' *        Pletaa Mad me -faJtettas relattaf to Potatoes, Field Roots, En Prodoc- +  * *   Hon. Lira Stock and Small Pint Culture.      Mark out Bulletin- you do ROT T  ... Prov.-....  Name........  P.O. Address.  County... TELE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, May 14, 1915.  V-.  TOE WESTERN CALL  H.  H.  STEVENS,  M.  P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE ^  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  fl If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  OUR ANNIVERSARY  is  WITH THIS  NUMBER* the Western Call  en  ters   upon  its  seventh  year  of  life.   It  something to boast of, that it has weathered  the difficulties incident to the childhood of such  a paper.,  ~ During that time the Call has set itself to  bring about certain measures which its management considered necessary, and it has in these  regards had a good deal of success.       ',  There is still a place in the community for a  good independent weekly .and with. increasing  strength and experience the Call expects to continue increasingly to fill that place. ,  The dailies are great consumers of money  nnd they have to look to < the backing of great  corporations and of party to find the necessary  support. No matter, therefore, how the desires  of the management may run, they are hampered  and controlled largely by their needs.  By no corporation or party is this paper subsidized.  It carries its own burdens and. so is free to  follow its own policy. It does not aim to ac-'  complish the mission of "The Thunderer. "Still  it expects to justify its continued life iii the-  eommunity. It will welcome your aid in its  'work. . X  CORN  *' CORN is one of the staple crops of the world.  As food for man it occupies an important-  position and for farm animals it.stands at the  '. head of all crops in quantity and value of grain  , and fodder.   In weight of grain corn is sur-  - passed only by wheat in the world's production  of cereals.   When reckoned in bushels it-stands  next to oats in harvest returns.   In those coun-  ' tries adapted to its production it is more ex-.  ,  tensively grown than any other .grain and climatic conditions alone limit its more widespread  cultivation.   The total world's. crop of ,corn- ex-  " ceeds three and one-half billion bushels." Of this  stupendous  quantity tbe United  States'.grows  more than seventy-Jive per cent, where the total  production is about four times that oi wheat.  The   following 'figures   show   the   comparative  world's crops by bushels of leading.^cereals- for  ���������   the average of the five year period/.1908-12:  Uushels '  Wheat :  .3,477,995,000.,   Corn- .".. r...".". r... r:.;..~; .X. 73������687,~463,fK)0  Oats    e ��������� 3,933,673,000  Rye ..1,680,629,000  Barley I,<tt0r73l,000  In Canadian agriculture corn has filled . an  important place from the beginning. The.Indians and early settlers found it useful- as. a  means of sustenance.' Early writers say that the  Indians girdled the trees to destroy their leaves  * and let in the sunshine, scratched the ground,  dropped in the seed and secured a, crop. The  white man found it of the utmost value before  the soil could be cleared and cultivated for  wheat and rye. - v  By. the aid of science great progress has  been made in extending and improving,the corn  crop in Canada. Thirty-three years ago, 1881,  the corn crop of the Dominion was recorded to  be 9,025,142 bushels, whereas in 1913 it was 16,-  V772,600 bushels., In 1893 the yield of fodder  corn was 1.049,524 tons, and in 1913, 2,616,300  -tons, to say nothing of.the improvement that has  been made in the quality of the' crop. t In this  improvement almost every province has been  active. British Columbia has given little attention to corn so far, and yet it has climatic  conditions well suited-to its production:  We might ���������������������������well', consider the advisability, of  entering extensively into this branch of agriculture. X;:X.v   XX������ X    XX--X   ."  HOW LONG?  "War at its best is but a.savage play,"  But through the ages conventions were observed  By al_*men of honour, to win by skill alone  Surely such horrors _were qever seen or heard.  Romans, Greeks, vandals, savages of old  Would never'stain .their souls with these great  crimes  Germany���������that name will ever stand  Disgraced and hated for a time* and times*  II.  Rejoice ye murderers,  ring your festal chimes  A great achievement���������The Lusitania's sunk  Rejoice ye fiends, the innocent blood is now  Telling its tale to God, whilst ye afe drunk.  One could forgive if 'twere a savage horde  With scanty knowledge of the .human laws  But ye���������who boast of "kulter" first and last.  Oh, what a day of reckoning forth it calls. j  III.  Belgium, her murdered sons, her outraged maids,  Her treaties torn, her homesteads all laid waste,  Cries out to God for vengeance swift and sure,  Oh, what a book of crime was there prefaced.  Poisonous gases, callous brutes  gone  made  God���������can   the   world   condone   these   wrongs  for.aye?  Can we be tortured, and 6ur days made sad?  Outraged humanity cries.to thee to-day.  IV. .,,,j-v v.  And let him take the blame who orders all  Nero and Attila, we would not compare  With this bloodthirsty madman who .directs  These brutal crimes to stain a world so fair,  "The mark of the beast" is set upon his brow  Consumed with Canity, he and his throng  Like fiends are gloating oversell let.loose,  Whilst we  Thy  people  cry'out,   "Lord,   how  long?"  7th May, 1915.  -W. A. ELLIS.  CANADA AND THE  NEW STATESMANSHIP  OUT OF THE WAR have arisen new conditions  altogether.   The   unexpected   has   happened  and Canada has found herself a party to  European strife.  .In the battles of this spring her name and  her fame have been- established.  -- ln the. settlement of the Questions arising fftit '  of the war she must be ready to take her part.'  ������ Hitherto Britain has done all, and the Dominions over the seas have assented without question. But now the 'Dominions will' settle certain  things for themselves in accord with the rest  of the Empire. 'X.-X-'--  ^.X-  XX;j  What is to be the international relation 6i������  Canada to the present enemy countries. What /  shall be her trade relations with them. "Wbat;  privileges shall be given to that people who have!  so abused, the privilegesX>f hospitality and oft  citizenship in the past.   '���������''''X"': j  .  What postal' regulations;-'shall' beV;arrangeft|l  between these countries and qurfcelves ?       X   : V  What is to be the .relations in all these raat-j  ters with our allies.        ^       '    V  Here is a field of political J enquiry which  should at once occupy the attention of the electorate. . :-v :���������..,���������'������������������-'��������� 'A.  '��������� X' ��������������������������� :���������  What is" to be the manner ofthe raising of A  the taxes to repay the debt the war has placed  and will place Canada'Under.  Shall the burden be laid as now upon the;  trade and the income of the small population!  of Canada while the public -domain lies idle, ;  or shall the public domain be capitalized aifdi  the debt be paid from the proceeds in some sueh  manner as the cost of the building of the C. P.  R. and the C. N. R. were paid by land grants;,  which, liquidated. repaid;the outlay to tbje companies: - X' - - '^x^~v^Hx^x^--Xfi^^x~  What shall be the policy regarding the navy?  Canada has been protected soV far by the fleets  of Gi*eat Britain and of Japan.  But Canada cannot in theV nature of: things  consent to be beholdenfurther toeitherBritain  or Japan for the protection of Her cbsusfe^ '  We owe a debt of. |gratitucte to Britain who  when menaced so gravely herself spared ships to  protect us from attack.    X%;^.  . We are no less deeplyVindebtfcd. to Japan for  coming to our aid when her*'own,Empire was  open to attack. ' ; VV-' XXX X.  But hereafter the party wbo'viallows ug to be  caught.defenceless willanswer to the nation.  Shall the navy, be separate from the British,  or shall it form1 the North Pacific, unit of the  Imperial navy-?- "XX  Above all what'shall be the future relationship bfStlfe Various parts of the Empire? Shall  there be an Imperial commercial union ? If so,  shall Prance be invited to join with us in it?  Sthall Belgium also be invited to take her place  therein?.:     X X  ..... Shall this be extended to the Scandinavian  countries and to- Holland? Shall the United  States be a member of the" Union? Shall Russia take part in "the privileges.in:any degree?  She has muchto��������� offer in return. Indeed shall  the new commercial arrangements include, all the  Cut this out, sign it, and get your friends to sign it, and return it to the Call.  TO THE WESTERN CALL:     X  Please enroll' my name as a member of the Property Owners' League, and proceed with  the organization as speedily as possible.    \  Signature  ��������� -V   *" :  Residence  Occupation  ..'_-*'  ''.-'-       .                  ' * X '   o  -    -                                    :   ." ���������  *  /-. ������  "   X        X- ��������� X  X  <���������  WILHELM the  allies and their neutral friends, closing out the  present enemy countries until they shall have  found a change of heart. X  Such a trade union would utterly kill any attempt on the part of the predatory states to  reconstruct the great war machine "which is now  menacing the world. X  These are problems which, will have to be  settled and'the people must be ready to judge  wisely if we as a Dominion are to profit as we  may  if  wisely  directed. X  We have noticed in some quarters an entirely unwarranted tone pf pessiijaism in regard  to .the war.- This is.'at variance with the facts.  There is only One thing regarding which any  uncertainty exists',, and it is, the duration of  the struggle. In presenting his second war budget, Lloyd George emphasized the fact that any  delay which might be occasioned would be, entirely., due to lack of sufficient ammunition to '  bring matters to a sustained offensive movement.  A TRUE PATRIOT  Our hear> are full of sympathy with Professor E. Odium and; family* whose son has perished/at the front fighting for Britain and  civilization;. ,   ��������� .. .'        '..������������������-���������    . '���������'  '",   VMyvheart  filled  with  pride when .1 spoke,  "a few kindly words to that grand old patriot,  whose;sons, as in the war with "South Africa,  were amongst the first to answer the motherland's-call  to  arms.  The eye was dry and filled with fire, the  heart was doubtless sad within���������but"-he drew  himself up-^proiid that his son had fallen in  such a cause, and simply said, " 'Tis war, it had  to be; he died for Britain." I could say no  more than '' God bless you' '-���������what patriotism,^  what fortitude. What more can a man give  than the lives of his dearest and best, and  I am sure if he had been younger, his own for.  Empire,  -XXxXX.-... :.-���������' W. A. ELLIS. jy::''  Tb������ new patternsvjfor June  are now xon sale, ;aiso tie  summer v style book, which  only costs fo\x'" 10 cents  when bought with a 15 cent  pattern. X; X .x  X .Nextl weekiis f U>urvweek  for 4 months', subscription  to, the Pictorial Review, 4  months for 25c*  Corsets, extra special/ per  pair ... x......v. ... .$1.50  Waists, . .39c, or 3 for $1.00  Other Waists; special .49c  Ladies' House Dresses, ,99c  Children's and Misises' Tub  Dresses, 2 to 14 years 9������c  Children's and Misses'  White Cambric Skirts  and Gowns, very special  ....... ... ...;.. .69c  Bargains all over the' store.  No old shop worn Banksupt  stock. Our own stock, new.  __/  Cor. Main and 8th.  Border���������"Here's a nickel I  found in thes hash;"      V  '    V    V  Landlady--''- Yes, I put'it there.  You've beeri complaining I understand, about lack of of change  in your meals."  /Akk/k00t^  Seymour iforwtX Vancouver, % C.  Telephone: Worth Vancouver 103  WAUACE SHIPYARDS, 1TD.  mi? BWW)|SE^S0OWS^|l|!|������AJBS  vumm RAJI.WAY  North Vancouver, 8. 0.  II Quarts for $1.00  Guaranteed above the      All our milk comes from  standard in Butter fat.      tuberculin tested cows.  If any Person can prove that our milk  is not pure in every way, we will cheerfully donate $50.00 to any charitable  institution in the city.  Delivered to your Home ^ Daily  Phone: Fair. 1934;  131 15th Avenue W.  - -.^tjrrf^-^aijH-H^-t^^T-r^.^i.,-,*^^- 4     ^  i;i '  st    .  Friday, May 14-, 1915.  THE WESTERN,CAMi  Special Values in Men s  Our   bbjeiy^i specializing  in our Cldtnitigxis to be able  to offer yiMlMtger select-  ions ."'and?]^f������������r - values���������  that's tM^c0im9 why not  look ? 'We^lidt. your in-  spection^ If we can't do all  we say, we won't expect  you to  THE  PEOPLE'S CLOTHIERS  37 Hastings St. West ,.' Vancouver, B. 0.  Custom Shoe Repairing P. PARIS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE CO.  BEST SHOE REPAIRING: IN THE CTY  Work Done j While You Wait  Work Called for and Delivered  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' and any Hind of Special Shoes Made  to Order  64 HASTINGS STREET W.   Next Colombia Theatre  Pbone:  Seymour 1770. '   VANCOUVER, B. C.  BROWNE & BEATON  ������������������.-.  Ohemiate & Druggists "      x   ^  *;* Wffii*nWi>*^^ ������ OrawvUleSts.  v?Juwe: Sey. 203 STOWS      , Plume: ������ay. 8630 X  A three-monthjs' subscription to the Western Call will be  given FREE to all customers presenting this ad. and making  a purchase of..50 cents or tnore. This offer is good at either of our two stores.  G^T YOUJIS  NOW  We bought a bankrupt stofk of Bough-House Fruit Bars at' 25 Cents'  on  the  Dollar.   We've  got too many, so help  yourself af  2 for 5 Cents While Tbey tart  SEE THEM IN OUR WINDOW  THAT HEW STORE  XEB  BUILDING     ���������    ^       ���������   rON-RROADWAY^TEAR-^^  WE LEAD, OTHEBS FOLLOW  The  Telephone  The Advance Agent of  COMFORT And convenience  Forms, a closer union of Home,  Business and Friends.  <I For a limited time, Business or  Residence Telephones will be installed upon payment of $5.00  Rental in advance.  "fl For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.        '  B. G. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  A ONE BELL YARN  It is the custom, to serve out rum in the Eoyal  Navy at "one bell,'' and many and various are the  yarns to be heard on a man o' war.  "Well- I don't mind if I do; an' yer health Bill,"  Though there's a lot more o' water'than rum   *  But I guess I have had half a .dozen  An' I've still got ole "wiggys" to come.,  'Tis terrible times we are havin'  If we don't soon kill Huns I shall die���������  Or else lose me eyesight -a'readin' -   ''  Or hang out me temper to dry.  II.  mam  Have ye'r read about "Jack the Ripper,'  Or the cut-throats who rode down the  Of "Neero" an'Joolius Sneezer  An' that murderin bloke in the,train.  Have ye'r read of that terrible Ivan,  Or "Attiller." an' Judas the thief,  I see'd 'em all once in a nightmare  An' they all come to terrible grief.  ra.  Have yer heard o' the cannibal islands  Where they cut up an' fried ye'r fur lunch  Have yer read of Australian Kelly,  Who  commanded  a terrible  "bunch."  Did yer read of that doctor who poisoned  An' the woman who killed babies four. '  Have yer optics beheld the sea serpent  Who swallowed up sailors galore.  IV.  Have yer read o' the famous star chamber  Or the stake burnin' dodge o' the pope      ' ^ '-'  How that Wolsey the   King tried to murder    '  By greasin' the stairs wiv- soft soap.  "King Solomon's Mines" they ain't in it,  <   -  Though the eyeglass commander was "Goode"  (D'ye notice the pun at all messmates?)  It's not to be thought that yer would.  V.  Now when Asquith an' Churchill are speakin'    ���������  They always paint picture ye see   '  P J .;  4        X *'        '  r  ������ ���������"- (  liTNN CREEK, NORTH VANCOUVER  lifilllK  XX- 'KSi^3feV  ximiinv  *ii ;V' XX*S4?XX  ..-���������VvjjfiiSXX  ...kyy/wA  ;/\'0;rt-X-:  An' I've asked ye these couple o' questions  Fur so tis the fashion wiv' me.  (I want to point out "tbat the scoundrels  That I've brought up before yer "lookout"  Are gentlemen clean, just compare, 'em,  Wiv' the German swine knoekin' about.  71.  Did they murder women an' children?  If they did they were covered with shame,  (But the Germans are doin' it daily  An' are holdin' their head up the same).  They'fought with a pike or a musket  A'-square man to man, kind o' deal  'They would scorn ter use poisonous gases  Or to roh aged folk of. a meal.  .   VI.   -  "Messmates, me blood!boils over \  An' I know 'tis the ������ame wiv ye all  O fur some way to get at 'em.  To smother their murderin galL  Hello, the bosuns calls soundin'  Yes���������I'll drink that small drop wiv relief  Well! Yer's death to the murderin' Germans  An   to hell wiv the Kaiser their chief.  s  ,<, ���������WVA. ELLIS.  ./���������y^iiXv^  Kingsway Market|vr|||||  /,<      At 8th Avenue , -    ���������'j//jk'^0/  Live ������nd Dretsed Poultry, Bab-  , ,*' /JbUi and Pidgeoni.   , //a/AA//  Potatoes, per laek 90c-  Plant! of All Kinds  G. A SHABPE. Prop.  ^*^^^^^^^*9^^^*^*^*^*^*^*^mk^*^k^^^^k^^*^^^n^m*j*^^mmm*^9^L*^m  /French \\js*mom^^^^  "Given by kk/k://$/������.  A Certified Parisian Teacher  Classes forming now. New ������d  '-     easy Method  ',    26c' per lesson  Studio: 64i Granville St. ���������  Phone: High. 1015L.     VX  .Private Lessons by. 4_rrai_geme_.t  xv"xx_i  ������.v,:' ���������'!'���������'^.'���������������������������.IVV;1'M  '?"^'~''{^)^":^>i  "ROUGH ON, RATS" clean out  rats, .mice", etc Don't die in' tb������  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  9.-r>   ,:��������� <������������������  t^rxzty.  ;������������������:';������:!-"';.'  stores.  '������.������������������  BAND CONCERT  Weather permitting the Regimental  bands of the llth Regiment The Irish  Fusiliers of Canada will give a band  concert in Stanley Park on Sunday  next, from 3.00 to 5.00 p.m., by permission of Lt. Col. G. McSpadden and  Officers. .The : following program Will  be rendered: ���������  Brass Band���������March, Eleventh - Regiment Irish Fusiliers (Chas. Ward);  overture, Algonquin (Sheridan); Cornet Solo, "Good ^je" (Tosti), Bandsman G. Tossell; Grand Selection "Sons  of Erin" (Beyer); March, Comraand-  ery "Onward. Christian Soldiers''  (Carter),-. Gra^r Match' fi<Entry of  the Ghadiatbrs,"', (puiftk); Cornpt  Valse, "Souire dJAvril," (Depret);  Paraphrase, "Nearer' piy God to  Thee," (Dr. h. Mason); Selection Arcadians ' Monkton-Talbot); Overture,  "Poet and. Peasant," (Suppe); Out  March La Retrara Italiana (Dresher).  Soloist, Bandsman C. Tossell; Conductor, Chas. F. Ward.  The above prograrh will., be presented in1 twrp; parts, and during the  interval the'.i Fife' 'and Drum Band  will render the following select program under the- direction of Sergt.  F. Boyt; March, "Drum Major'-?;  March, "Rosy Morn," Joyce; March,  "Belphegar,"Brepsant; March; British   Grenadiers" '   -  GOD SAVE THE KING  Hardly a letter comes from the front  without mentioning the value and need  of Red Cross supplies.      , -   '  The thanks of the Society are ten-  lered tox Messrs. Martin, Finlayson  and Mather, Ltd., Wood, Vallance and  keggat, Ltd., Gault Bros., British  American' Paint Co.,' for contributions  towards the working of the depot and  to the ntembers pf the Vancouver  Automobile Club for assistance in collecting contributions. ,  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  '-#$���������-���������  mmm  ::jMyum  d^APLAIN BACK  ��������� TO B^OAOWAY  i$w$ Features vtWx tbe Famotui Comedian    o������    Next    Week's    8U1���������  vi,"������la<* Rox" Serial Attracting Attention of Fane���������Universal Weekly  i Give* all tbe War News.  CANADIAN  RED   CROSS  SOCIETY VANCOUVER BRANCH  During the month of April the proper ty��������� committee has shipped to the  men at the front-10591 articles, making a total since the Central Depot  opened  last  December  of  24103.  This month's : total is reckoned on  the new basis of listing, and had each  article been counted separately the  total month's shipment would have  been over 112,000.  The appalling casualty lists already'  to hand seem to have awakened an  amount of fresh and increased activity  in Red Cross work, but from now on  there seems a certainty that the call  on the Society will be unprecedented  and supplies cannot come to hand  quickly enough. ,  In view, of'the increasing contributions the property committee are now  shipping at least once a week and more  often if occasion warrants it. The  committee is a'dvised by headquarters  that sterilizing is useless unless supplies are shipped in air-tight tin lined  cases, so hospital dressings are handled in this way at Toronto and not  in this city.  A professional nurse has very kindly offered to instruct any individuals  or societies along the . line of surgical supplies, and if those needing assistance will ring up the Central Depot,- Seymour 4939, or write marking  their letter "Nurse," they will receive  attention.  . '  The   monthly   circular   for   May. is',  ready for distribution and can be  obtained at the Central depot, industrial  bureau,  183 Pender  street west,  together with other Red Cross information.  N otices with reference to " Sock  Day" are appearing in the press, and  it is. hoped that everyone will assist'  in   making this  a   great  success.  Comedians come and go, but Charles  Chaplin is retaining a hold on public  fancy that is the marvel of the  amusement business. Following '- tbe  policy of giving the public what they  want, Manager Gow, l of the Broad-.  way, has secured two clever features  With the famous comedian at his  best for next week's bill.  ���������Commencing onVAIonday and Tuesday evening he will appear in '' The  Fatal ~MailetXX_Charlie ~ gets ^in =-some  comedy work that shows him at bis  best." On the same^ bill, will appear  King Baggott in,a comedy drama "At  the Banquet Table."  m.^M  >  * _fl  tYmWt AAA&  WL ��������� % ";-M  n  ^^B -..-in  w\w^ke\.  '|  ww^mJ'--  )    I  ^mmmy-A-t_  iWt  wwXmjWj^e^eX ^' '  ���������  mm\\^n\m   *  \ *-/'  ' * __J  Wmmmf\l  !x!L������l  518-520 BEATTY ST.  >���������  VANCOUVER, "B.C.  ; . . MANUFACTUHERS OF  Lijfht and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles; Closed Uppers, Leggings* etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand* ���������������  Buaaips, waoons, etc.  Leather of all Hintis.   Horse Clothing.  We are tbe largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  rv/n'u  WHOLESALE ANP KETMl.  The drawing will -be held on Wednesday evening .this week and . will  include four good prizes. You must  be present to win, so try your luck.  The program will include the favorite;  Warren Kerrigan, in a two-reel "Victor, entitled "For Cash." The Universal Weekly as usual is ahead of its  competitors with the latest war pictures and scenes of events of the  day. The movies can give more real  impressions of what is going on in  the war zones than a good many columns ' of the -despatches sent through  the papers every day.  u Thursday, Charlie Chaplin returns in  "Dough and Dynamite," two reels  of fun with ��������� a laugh in every picture. L. Another interesting picture is  "A Romance of Hawaii." Many of  the scenes were taken in the beautiful  islands in the Pacific.  ���������'��������� The second episode of "The Black  Box" is creating a fund of interest  for the serial fans. This is a mystery picture thaks will be attractive  to the last, and- not one episode  should be missed to secure full enjoyment of the week-end feature.  TE&?JhJZE$  SEED OATS  ���������_-      '��������� ���������   -��������� '   ''  ^Sarly.  |tose_^Se������l:  Potatoes  _  OtJice Dwling Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Reliance Seed Potatoes  FT- VERNdN  / TBB MOUNT PLEASANT TEBP 8TORB  255 BROADWAY CAST Two Phones: Fair 186 and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Cbick Food for Rett Reeulti  IF THIS IS THE TBADE  MARK ON YOUR SACK OF  FLOUR, YOU .HAVE REASON TO CONGRATULATE  YOURSELF���������AND TO  BE CONGRATULATED  It   Appears on  Every Sack  "Royal Standard Flour  99  and   it   is   a   guarantee   of   good   flour,   which "will   stand   every   test  ���������-   ���������    .  you   care   to   put   it   to.  You Vwill congratulate yourself. every "hake day," and friends who  happ'en in to partake of the good things which you have prepared  will   congratulate   you  also. ��������� o,   . ,  NO   DISAPPOINTMENTS   WHEN   TOU   USE   EOYAL   STANDARD  ���������IT'8 GUARANTEED  Your Money "Rack. If You're Not Satisfied  ASK   YOUR   GROCER  Vancouver Milling and Grain Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver Victoria New Westminster Nanaimo V, ,  "...  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, May 14, 1915.  .  Wtm "Stj* ������tt-Sttw  -pe  3Wix Tfinm  MAJOR FOWLER  Appointed to Command the Vancouver  Volunteer Reserve.  Major Fowler Has Long and Distinguished Military Record���������His Adventures at the German "Army Manoeuvres.  Vancouver will remain for years to  come one of the most cosmopolitan centres of population in the world, and,  like, San Francisc������, full of citizens of  the world and unusually interesting  personalities,. Such a one is Major Charles Busteed Fowler, who has been appointed to command the Vancouver  Volunteer. Reserve in succession to Col-  onel Worsnop, a popular officer whose  " medical adviser has inffrmed.him that  he must not undertake' more work pr  responsibility than is absolutely neces-  _ sary.      ^   '    . 'A        '*"  Major   Fowler  saw   active   service  through two years of the South African 'war and has held many responsible military positions.   A word as to  the man himself and his varied attainments  and  interests,   as  well   as   a  glimpse of one amusing experience he  1 had when preseqjj at the German army  manoeuvres nine yars ago,- will be of.  interest.   Born in Cork and possessed of a rich Irish brogue and a, keen  sense of humor, the Major is a finely  set-up-man wifii a very military bearing.   He has, as the Volunteer orders  just published will indicate, determined that the Vancouver force shall very  shortly be put upon a sound basis and  become a decidedly effective body.  While he has attended the German  army  manoeuvres  upon  many   occa'  sions���������as  well  as  the  French,   Belgian, British and American manoeuvres^���������he has usually done so in pri-  ���������vate- capacity.   "You   get "to- know  / practically nothing if you go any other'  way, for you are put in charge of an  officer, treated very courteously and see  just what they want you to see���������and  especially is this so in Germany," he  observed.   So   the   Major"   chose   for  years to make the visiting of army  manoeuvres his holiday hobby and he  always went in private capacity, trusting to luck���������and the luck of an Irishman in getting out of a fix is proverbial.  Capturing the  Plans  It Was in 1906 that he found himself in Minden, Hanover, where the  famous battle of that name was  fought. '  .   "I  was  determined to  get  td  the  manoeuvres, somehow, but' I did not  -quite know how," he observed, "until  I noticed at the' hotel where I was  staying that a newspaperman was also  a passing guest. I knew no German, but it was not' difficult to guess  this man's profession. 1 managed to  learn what time he had ordered his  breakfast for the following morning  and that he was bound for the manoeuvres, and I ordered my breakfast  for the same early hour, and, to make  the story short, followed him and did  just what he. did, taking a ticket for,  I think, it was Osnabruok, and following him on the road when he arrived  there. The result was.that he led me  into the midst of ten batteries of artillery, with a Prussian officer on horseback in command.  "This officer had under his arm three  rolls of plans and he called out three  names. My German newspaper man  went forward and took one; another  newspaper irian took another and, as  there was no response to the third  query, I went forward., and took the  third. None of us had to speak but  only vsalute. Everyone - was full of  hurry and I had no difficulty in secluding ��������� myself some distance away  under a haystack and examining the  plans. They contained the whole  scheme of things, the plans of tbe  attacking and defending armies,'rivers,  roads, bridges, etc. "I did not want  anything else, for the remainder of  the manoeuvres and 11.wrote from this  material a series of articles for, English papers which covered my expenses���������a plan which- I have nearly  always been fortunate enough to be  able to adopt upon the occasion of  manoeuvres.  The Spy    .     ..  "And, in case this' story seems  a  trifle far.-fetched, "added Major Fowler, smiling,'"I may say that I have*  preserved  all   these .plans   as   a   re*  minder of the occasion and have them  here with   me   in   Vancouver.      An  amusing incident happeed in connection with them after I had got them,  I had been trying in vain in Minden  to make them understand that I want-1  ed a mutton cutlet with egg on it���������  I was tired,of sausages and pastry���������  until one day I found a man eating  one dn a restaurant, and I brought  the waiter across and tried to indicate  to him that I wanted the same thing.  At last I said, exasperated and in  English, 'I want that.   His reply, with  a slight smile, was immediate.   'I'm  damned if you shall have it,' he said  in good English.' I could have embraced him. He turned ~out to be a  spy, an officer of the Royal Engineers  from Chatham, w"ho could speak German well, but had been unable to get  any information^ and I was able to  supply him with what I had accidentally learned."  Later in the manoeuvres the major  had to bolt, and narrowly escaped arrest as he had drawn plans.of balloon  apparatus' and these he inadvertently  jet _fall "from his pocket. _   _  Soldier, Architect, Lecturer, and  Writer.  Major Fowler conies of a family  which went to Ireland with Cromwell and settled there. His grandfather, Captain Busteed, fought at Waterloo, and the grandson has here in  Vancouver with him the uniform, in  which he fought, as well as a lock  of. Wellington's hair, a locket that  Wellington wore and a ticket of admission to the great Duke's funeral  in St. Paul's cathedral. These*, and  other ��������� interesting relics, were a while  ago exhibited in the window of Birk's  store. Incidentally, it may be mentioned that Mr. F. F. Busteed, late superintendent of the C. P. R., here is  a relation of Major Fowlers mother.  The Major himself is an architect by  profession, and in addition to lecturing at various times during his life  upon matters military, he has done so  upon architecture and old cathedrals.  Several of these lectures he has given  in Vancouver.*  "I have always made a point of taking in old churches and abbeys whenever I have been abroad, and I know  them all over England," he observed.  '' The churches in Normandy are the  finest of all. The churches in Italy  and Rome are classic, but that does  not appeal to me like the Gothic.  The Norman is the most substantial  and soul-inspiring architecture in the  world." He is the author of a number  af architectural works, including one  upon the excavations (which he carried out himself for the Marquis of  Bute) in South Wales, and one upon  the .old churches of. Glamorganshire  and Monmouthshire.  Distinguished Record  Referring to the Volunteer Reserve,  Major Fowler said: "The Government  have agreed to equip us and make us  a Militia Reserve and during the summer there will be every opportunity  for a lot of battalion drill and attack  and defence work in battle formation.  We shall, I believe, be able, to make  this Vancouver force of efficient and  practical value should any emergency^  arise where it might be required.  The following is Major Fowler's  military record: Served in the 69th  Leicestershire R. V. Corps, 1st Herefordshire R.V. Corps and the 3rd V. B.  Welsh Regt.; holds certificates iu  musketry and machine-gune (Hythe);  also as captain, field officer and tactics  (Chelsea); was appointed officer instructor of musketry to the 3rd V.. B.  Welch Regt. (8 years); passed the R.  E. examination and was appointed to  a position .on fortification work at  Harwich, England; was on duty for  two years during the South African  war; received the Long Service medal,  the volunteer officer's decoration and  the St. George's^Cross for shooting at  Wimbledon, besides numerous grand  aggregate cups, etc., presented to King  Edward at St. James' Palace after the  South African war; retired with the  rank of. Major, with', leave to wear the-  prescribed uniform, of his corps,  Length of service, 29,years.  Major Fowler is a Fellow of the  Royal Institute of -British Architects,  has carried out- important works in  New York city and' is a member of  the firm of Perry &' Fowler, who are  entrusted with the new drill hall and  armory to be erected in Grandview.  'H01KUMAPE GOODS"  Why send afar, to Cork or Rome,  For Sunday hats or bale* of hay?  Let's buy the goods we make at home  And show we're patriots tbat way!  The giant vessels sail the deep,  And\bring us dodads made abroad,  We buy suclf traps and fail ������to keep  Our money on-our- native sod. -   --   - '  Those ships take back our hard earned  cash  To pay the freight for Europe's kings;  To pay for battled succotash  And stuff we grow at home, by jings I  sMy wife's new lid was made in France,  And 'tis a phony thing indeed;  The broadcloth in my Sunday pants  Was manufactured by the Tweed.  The sauce the grocer sent to-day  Was brought from far-off in a crate;  It* costs like blitzen���������I must pay  The duty added to the freight.  We sing our patriotic songs  And boost the maples���������^seldom cease;  But when we want gargoyles or gongs  We ship them in from Southern Greece  And as I write a hundred barks  Bring curleycues across the foam;  Oh, profit by these sage remarks  And learn to buy your junk at home!  Mount Pleasant Livery,  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours. X 1  Phone Fairmont 845  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  A splendid collection of  stirring verse  By W. A. ELLI_5, Ute R,- N.  For sale by all book stores  and at the Western Call.  25c a Copy  Your Part  rpHE Printing require-  ��������� ments on your part  may be few or many, but  they, nevertheless, are important to you. A man  is very often judged, by  the neatness or fitness of  the clothes he wears; so a  business house is often  judged by the stationery  or the Printing they use.  Our Part  TF entrusted with your  order, on our part we  will give you the style, fitness and finish that you  desire to make your stationery or printing a credit  to you.  Ahh tbat an extensive  -**��������� printing plant, up-to-  date machinery and expert  workmen can do, is at your  disposal; and no printing  house in Vancouver is better  equipped to 'turn out anything in the liner of printing  that you may need, whether  large or small, or that can  give you better service.  WE PRINT   CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  -BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  STATIONARY  PHONE FAIR. 1140       203 KINGSWAY  t>^^:-?ra__-jfai  ^.ir-f *������������������-:;-j-J������r>--__,-^  ;---*Tf *���������--liF^���������.,: -t-������-"- X<X,X ������  7       )*      ^j  X/j  ���������/ ~*  / . :���������  Friday; May 14, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  1     ^  fi  SPORTING COMMENT  Davy Gibbons, aspirant for the  position of goal tender for the  Vancouvers this year, sustained a  broken nose in practice this week.  Gibbons had a similar experience  in Toronto last summer, and it  will be a few days before he will  be ready for work again. It  looks like a merry race for honors between him and Johnson, of  Victoria.  * *   *  Lester Patrick, of Victoria, is  slated to referee the professional lacrosse series this summer. It  is to be hoped that the teams,  and particularly the managers,  will have sense enough to play  the game on the square. It is lacrosse the public wants, not committee room scraps on the field,  and displays of temper;. and if  the men playing the game will  learn this lesson it will bev good  for themselves, good 'for the  ganje.ahd certainly .good for the  spectators, and Mr. Patrick will  have a comparatively .easy time  of it handling the games, v  -Aa- *' .*��������� ��������� ���������  Amateur lacrosse is due for a  splendid   reception   this   season.  V It is several seasons since the V.  A., C. team journeyed east and  brought home the Mann cup, and  it is still in possession of the locals. _ Most of the original, team  have turned professional, but in  Xtheir places has grown viip a  splendid bunch ofV young players,  who are showing marked improvement each season, and when  s all is said and done, the amateur  article is the only one worth  while. For this reason alone���������  clean sport���������the amateurs should  receive a good reception all this  season.  ��������� *   ���������  The Beavers lost their first series this season to Spokane last  week, finishing up the, last game  on Sunday at the inland city.  This week the same two teams  are at it in Spokane, but have  been up against wet'weather,  with consequent delay in playing.  The Indians are a splendid team  and the  locals will V do well  to  break even on the series. From  present indications the Beavers  are the team to beat for the pennant. Brown has collected some  really first class material which  will only be rounding into real  condition when the others are  experiencing their < mid-season  slump.  * ��������� ���������  Next Saturday will usher in  lacrosse for this season in 'Vancouver. The contending teams  will be the amateurs of New  Westminster and Vancouver, the  first game of the regular sche^  dule. Last year there were some  very lively games between these  two teams for honors, and this  year promises to be keener still.  Dad Turnbull, the veteran of  many games, is looking after the  interest of the Westminster team,  and promises.some surprises this  year. Dad fully expects to win  the championship, but tbe locals  will have something to say as to  that. AH of last year's Vancouver team are in line but two,  and the opening game should be  well received.  '  , ���������        ** ���������     .. ���������  ��������� * .��������� ���������'.���������' ���������''"..'..'  Gon Jones is busy getting a  line on some eastern players for  the attacking division of his team.  Jones has strings out for? some  splendid talent in the east His  latest find is Donihee, of the  Toronto team, a Cornwall' boy,  who has been playing for some  seasons with Toronto in the Big  Four. He is already on his way  to sthe coast. Other players who  the local magnate is after are  Lalonde, Fitzgerald and Hyland.  Some word was received some  days ago that Roberts, of the  Irish-Canadians was coming this  way. Our opinion of Roberts  and Hyland is, that neither of  them are fast enough for the  coast league. To be effective"  against the New Westminster defence a man must have speed and  weight, and in this respect Roberts and Hyland certainly do not  measure up.  ���������   #   ���������  Aid. Mahon hit the nail on the  head on Monday evening when at  the' regular meeting of the city  council he moved in the direction  of the elimination bf professional  boxing bouts inside the city limits. It had been announced that  a professional bout was to be  staged in aid of the funds of the  Vancouver Athletic Club at a  benefit entertainment on behalf  of that institution. Some weeks  ago the mayor took it upon himself, to grant a permit for the  bout in question, and on the  strength of that a professional  boxer from New York was engaged to meet a local professional. The pity of it is that the  club was put to the inconvenience  of having to postpone its advertised program at the eleventh  hour, but it is decidedly better  than to have the bout go on.  Aid. Mahon and the city council will have the wholehearted  support of the citizens in this  move.  AS OTHERS SEE US  NAVIGABLE     WATERS     PEOTEO  TION ACT  Don't Procrastinate���������Plant Soon  X "'��������� Tie British Columbia Apples, in a world competition, captured the  Gold Medal Prize. Tbis means, that the B. C. orchards will lead the world.  A' word  to  the wise Js  sufficient.  We are offering choice varieties of our  one year old  apple tree stock  at Ten Dollars per 100; two and three year old stock reduced accordingly.  Our other fruit tree stock and general, nursery stock we give 30 per cent, off  catalogue price, allowed in additional stock.   Cash to accompany order. l  '. .      In our stock1 of over- $100,000 we have  everything you want to make  ���������your orchards greater and your gardens  more beautiful.   Catalogues mailed  rtfee on-application.      X '  Patronize home growers, tand build up a home pay roll.  ROYAL HURSERIES, LIMITER  Head Office, 710 Dominion Bldg., 207 Hastings St. W. Phone, Sey. 5556  Store, 24ZO Oranvllle St., Pbone, Bay. 1926  Nurseries and Greenhouses, Boyal, on tbe B. O. B. By. Eburne Branch,  Phone, Eburne 43  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  Scene Near Vancouver  Canada's   Contribution   to   the  Panama-Pacific Fair  ������Ttie following is an editorial  from .the Los Angeles Herald,  and speaks eloquently for Canada:      . .-,  Citizens of the United States  who go to the exposition at San  Francisco will return with increased respect for Canada rand  the Canadian government, thanks  to the great building and the extraordinarily fine exhibit that represent Canada's power.  There never- was seen a more  complete, inspiring exhibit of the  wondeys of a great country.  The Canadians have gone At  the thing thoroughly, they have  eclipsed completely the exhibits  of every one of our individual  states, and that 4s putting it  very mildly.  Every Canadian certainly  should visit the Panama.Pacific  exposition, if only to confirm the  opinion he probably holds that  Canada is a wonderful place add  its government a, magnificent and  capable government X:  ��������� In addition; to Canadians, representatives of every state and  every county in the United States  should make it a point to spend  a thoughtful day in the Canada  building.  ... They will learn there that it  is possible f<or a people not afraid  of "paternalism or government  influence" to; do wonders for  the building up of a country.  0And they will see spendid work  done by private corporations,  railroads and others, under proper and efficient control by the  people.  The Canada building is a magnificent, dignified structure; its  employes are intellingent, courteous, well chosen men.  Ataf velously ingenious and  striking. exhibits tell the story  of the great nation that lies north  of us. Canada is an empire of  strength, beauty, prosperity and  unlimited possibilities.  ^Intelligent- citizens "eif thisnatv  ion will rejoice in that Canadian exhibition, with its many  proofs, of Canadian intelligence,'  energy, good government and  good  citizenship.  Every citizen of the United  should be glad to know that  we have as our brother on the  north of people so powerful, a  realm so vast and prosperous.  Forever there can be between  United States and Canada only  friendly feeling and brotherly  rivalry.  The Canadians, at great expense and with great intelligence, have sent to our exposition a demonstration of their power and ability. Every American  should make it a point to study  it. And every one who knows  the difficulty of developing and  governing a new country will  bow reverently to the power  that Canada displays.  The exhibition made cannot  properly be described* It is  your duty, to see it.  It shows the beginning of  man's work in a wild country,  the' forests, the animals, the  wildness. And it . shows man  conquering the earth, making his  home of the forest, his fertile  fields of the rough plains, his servants of the waterfalls, and of  all his happiness in independence  and free government.  A wonderful empire is Canada,  not a part of England, but a  greater England. The people of  this country should be grateful  for the exhibition that Canada  has sent to us.  See the Canada building if you  can and all the other wonders of  the Panama exposition, and all  the wonders of this great country that lie between.  Notice is hereby given that the  Vancouver Harbour Commissioners  have deposited with tho Minister of  Public Works for the Dominion of  Canada, as required by Section 7,  Chapter 115 of the < Keviaed Statutes" of Canada plans and descriptions of a bulkhead and fill to be  built and constructed in False Creek,  Vancouver, B. C, and that duplicate*."  of said plan and description have  been deposited with the Registrar of  Deeds  at   the  Land   Registry   Office,  Vancouver^   B.   C.   X  And take notice that. at the ex.  juration of one month from the date  hereof the Vancouver Harbour Com-  mig.si oners will apply to tKe Governor-  in-Council of the Dominion of Canada for approval of said plans and  for permission to build and construct  said bulkhead and fill.        X  The description by metes and bounds  of the site of said bulkheads 'and fill  is   as   follows:      XX>:X.X    'X.  All and singular, that certain parcel or tract of land and land covered  with water, situate, lying and'being  in the Province of British Columbia,  in the District of New������ Westminster,  in the City of Vancouver, and being  composed of a portion 'of'the bed '-'or  False Creek, in the public harbour  of Vancouver, and generally known  as the Granville < Street Sfud Flats;  and which may be more particularly  known and described as' follows, that  is- to  say: , ��������� X' .X'  ���������; Beginning at a point on the centre  line   of   the   new    Granville   Street  Bridge, said point being two hundred  (200) feet distant - from the centre of  the    swing    span,:   measured    south  thirty-eight degrees fifty minutes west  (S.  38  deg.  50 min. W.)   along said  centre   line   of ./bridge;   thence, south  forty-one degrees east  (S. 41 deg. 00  min.    E.)    one   thousand ; and   forty  (1040) feet more or less to the ppint  of intersection with a line drawn parallel to and seven hundred and forty-  nine  and  one-tenth   (.749.1)  feet  dis.  tant from the west boundary of Birch;  Street, .measured   easterly    at   right  angles .thereto;   thence1 .south   along  said: parallel  line,  four  hundred  and  seventy -six  (476.0) a feet more ' or less  to 1 the  point  of  intersection: with-, a  line drawn parallel to and two  hundred  feet  distant  from  tlie''headline  betWeen   Spruce   and   Birch   Streets,  approved Vby tbe VancbnyieirXHarbour  Commissioners   on   April V22nd,V 1914,  said distance being measured north at  right: angles thereto;  thfence;"west six-  hundred and ninety-six 'and five-tenths  (696.5)    feet   moreXof   less;   thence  north sixty degrees thirty-one minutes  west   (N.  60  deg.  31   min.  W.) 'five  hundred    and    sixty-four    and    two-  tenths    (564.2) Xfeet   inbre'  or,   less;  thence north  forty-one  degrees  thirty-  two minutes weBt (41,deg. 32 min. W.)  ^four-hundred  and  nibe. s and  one-tenth  '������409.1)    feet   more   or   less;    thence  north   twenty-seven.;, degrees   eighteen  minutes west (N. 27' deg. 18 min. W.)  five hundred and twenty-two and two-  tenths    (522.2)    feet, Ithe   last   four  above    described    courses    being    al.  ways   parallel   to'   and   two   hundred  (200)   feet  distant  from  the  headline  between Spruce Street andM^irst Ave.  approved   by  the  Vancouver  Harbour  Commissioners   on   April   22nd,   1914,  the  said  distance  being  measured   at  light   angles    thereto;";  thence    north  twelve degrees two 'minutes east   (N.  12 deg. 02 min. B.)' five hundred and  seventy    (570)    feet;   'thence    north  fifty degrees twenty-nine minutes east  (NV 50 deg. 20 min.: E.)  one hundred  and   ninety   and V: four-tenths    (190.4)  -feet,      thence V f north      eighty-seven  degrees east (N..-87 deg. 00 min. E.)  three  hundred ^and  thirty-one   (331.0)  feet more or less to the point of\__ytr_  terewtibiXwitlf ^fie^firstlabdve "described   course   produced   north   forty-  one degrees west (N. 41 deg. 00 min.  W.)   thence   south   forty-one   degrees  east   (S.  41  deg.  00  min.  E.)   along  the   said   first   described   course   produced   six   hundred   and   forty   (640)  feet more or less to the point of beginning;  containing an area of forty-  one and eight-tenths (41.8) acres, more  or less, as shown en.plans referred to.  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 28th  day of April, A.D., 1915.  W. D. HARVIE,  ,'���������'���������-��������� Secretary.  HEATING ^nd^ranMo^lc,en^  Our Business his beci tuUt up tut merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers. '  1095 Homer St.   -, ,       -        Sey. 661  - si  ���������*.  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  , -/"*'���������-    ^.Murray  v  '     Home Phone:'Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:.  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture nandtacturers  Jobbing Carpenters ���������        _   ������  Painting, Paperhanging and Kaisomininff  Shop: 1065 Dunamuir St. 'X   . Vmmhvm, B.C.  "SO GOOD" IS  4X BREAD  .... v. ,    . .  '-  -.-"������������������       . ' ���������  .;���������      ..      X       . "       ��������� ' -     '*  It's so good that thousands of good housewives  x   '' ' <  daily shift the burden of baking Bread on our shoulders.    Home made on a big scale. That's 4X.  ____1 ������������������   _    _      _  Phone Fair. 44 for Shelly's 4X  For Sale or For Rent Cards, 10c Each  Phone Seymour 9086  Four Per Cent. Regularly  is better than 10% this year and  perhaps no interest or principal-  thereafter.  We Pay Four Per Cent.  Interest on Deposits  Subject "to Cheque credited  monthly. References: Dun's, Brad-  streets or any Financial House of  repute in Vancouver.  Dow, fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St. West  .McKay Station, Burnaby  Now 18 the  Time  to Buy  GARDEN  HOSE  We have a special Sale of Hose on now,  Regular $5.5<X for  -  $4.75  Regular $5.00 for  -   $4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.     Phone us your order.   We make prompt delivery.  fi  V.  3  .  W. R. Owen J Mor rison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street '���������*>  8  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, May 14, 0915.  SOCIAL AND PERSONAL  The quarterly rally of all the DRAMATIC ENTERTAINMENT  young   peoples   societies   of   the,    "    eity was held in.Mount Pleasant.    Under the auspides of the Wo-  Methodist   church    on  . Monday men's Guild of Mt. Pleasant Pres  evening last, and .a large '���������turn-  out was recorded. The junior societies had charge of the program.  Word has been received by the  parents of Qr.' Mr. Sergt. Douglas  M. Johnstone, of Mt. Pleasant,  at present serving with the 72nd  Seaforths in Prance. Mr. Johnstone was through the severe  fighting of vLangemarck, .and  came out unscathed. He said the  fight in which so many Canadians  lost their lives,=was most awful,  and considers it a miracle that he  escaped, as shot and shell were  flying all round him. \  ��������� #   # . *'���������'���������  ORESCENT CLASS CONCERT  church, a dramatic entertainment  and concert will be held in ~the  school room on May 21st The Mt.  Pleasant Dramatic Society wilt  furnish a considerable part. <oi  the program in the form of three  sketches.; These will no doubt be  high'  class.      In   addition   there  will be a musical program.  '    ���������   ���������   ���������  REV. A. E. MITCHELL  CHOSEN PASTOR  At : a congregational meeting  of Mount Pleasant Presbyterian  church held on Wednesday evening, Rev. A. E. Mitchell, M. A.,  of Prince Albert, Sask., formerly  of Ottawa and Hamilton, was unanimously chosen pastor of Mt.  Pleasant church. Mr. Mitchell is  A grand concertunder the aus-! one of the outstanding ministers  pices of the above named class in the Presbyterian church in Can  RED   CROSS   DAY  SATURDAY  of the Mount Pleasant Presby  terian church was held ;on Tuesday evening in the school room,,  and was one of the most'successful entertainments A held for a  long time. The Jtjoys went to  great trouble in securing first  class artists for the entertainment, and the whole, affair was  a decided success. The following  contributed to the. program:  Piano solos, Mr. Cook and Miss  Lila Cook; vocal solos, Misses  Jenny Melville and Nellie Street,  Messrs. ,J. M. Clelland and B.  Crann; vocal duet, Miss Street  and Mr. Clelland; violin solos,  Miss PhillirWhitcbread. Mrs. I.  P. Brewster aeted as accompanist ��������� ���������' BORN  in a capable maimer. At the con-    elusion of the program thear-j Southcott ��������� .At 1736 13th  tists and friends were entertained' Ave. east, on Saturday, May 8th,  at luncheon by Mrs. W. Crann, to Mr. and Mrs. C. N. Southcott,  i__ the church parlors. a son.  ada, who has a most enviable  record in past charges, and who  at the present time has charge  of. the largest Presbyterian  church in Prince Albert.  Should Mr. Mitchell elect to  ���������accept the call to Vancouver, his  coming here will be a decided  acquisition to the ranks of local  clergy, and his many old friends  of former days, now residing in  Vancouver, will give him and his  family a hearty welcome.  Mount Pleasant has been without a pastor since last October,  when Rev. J. W. Woodside went  to Toronto.  ���������   ���������   ���������  The hospitals are in sore distress. They are short o������ supplies. Some of them may have to  close up if supplies are not forthcoming, and'Vancouver is asked  to do her "very best to help a  cause in which' charity reigns supreme.  The Red Cross Society wants  Vancouver to, subscribe $10,000  at least on Saturday. This amount  will be cabled right away to purchase the urgently needed supplies for the hospitals which are  at present handicapped.  Now, then, Vancouver, here is  the greatest opportunity 0f all  your wonderful career. Those  hospitals have to be kept in supplies.  Can't we all get together and  do this? Forget all about tag-  days for various objects. Saturday is Red Cross day. If you  want to. help, go to the Metropolitan, building and see Mrs. S.  J. C:V Atkins, or communicate by  telephone, Seymour 3627. Your  help will be.appreciated.  ��������� If you can't dp this, get ready  to subscribe "something on Saturday. Decorate your homes and  stores. Even if you. do not have  a flag, let everyone put out a  piece of red bunting of some sort  toV show your sympathy and loyally to this great movement. Vv  .,.���������,- m    *  "THE YORKSHIRE  .NIGHTINGALE''  BROADWAY  THEATRE  Hi ^roadway, Near Main  'f..*% OOW, JKtowger  ���������FEATURES FOR WUGS OF WAY *7  Monday aw(j Tuesctey���������  Charles Chaplin in THJ3 FATAfc HAU^T  JCing Baggott in a remarkable comedy drama,  "At the Banquet Table**���������two reels.  Wednesday��������� *  "FOR CASH,'' a two-reel Victor, with J.  ������T. Wareen Kerrigan, .tlniversal Weekly, showing all the latest war news.  - Drawing at 8.30 p.m.  Thursday���������  4'Dough and Pyaamite," with Charles Ohapliji.  "Romance of Hawaii," a beautiful drama  with scenes from "The Paradise of the  Pacific."  Friday and Saturday-  Episode No. 2 of the "Black Box,"  '.'"���������Caught by a Thread" comedy; "Poor Policy"  comedy with Billy Ritchie.  Mr.' Enos(, Bacon,^ a talented  singer, Entertainer and lecturer,  of Yorkshire, England, is giving  a series of recital-lectures in the  various churches throughout the  city and district in aid of, desti-  tute^ Belgiatf children in England.  He is a most versatile entertainer  and as a vocalist is in a class by  himself^'Viisihg a double voice register ;ifnd singing equally well������������������  soprano V and baritone. vHis lectures on the ���������war are very interesting find, haying been an eye-  witnesgi at thfe;'front during the  early days of V the struggle he  tells of many personal experiences and things he actually saw,  and with his blackboard sketches  he makes his poifats quite 'cleat  and! iorcibleXThe ��������� first "part ���������:$������  the program is devoted to a re-  cital and the second part to. the  lecture; XFteese^ Xare changecj  every evening so that every program is different. On Monday  night in WesleyVchurch he gave  '' The Battle of. Mons.''" Tuesday  night iii Wt. Pleasant Methodist  church X'The Retreat from  Mons," .'Wednesday night at 6th  Ave. Methodist "The Battle of  the Marne,?' And Thursday night  iri St. Anariiw's church he gave  ���������' The Battle of the Aisne."    *��������� "A  ivmxm ito.Mo������uL  jmj}$$Miw:'j'  W-C "_ J*>uUt lorWe w  e (vComlort'  Made  Iiy  rilisK  ColambiaT  THE firm of J. LECKIE  &  CO.,  LTD., are manufacturers   of  men's   and    boys'   QUALITY   shoes   EXCLUSIVELY.   Whether It Is the miner's or soldier's  heavy boot or street walking shoe. If It's a LECKIE It Is  the  best that can be made.  LECKIE SHOES are honestly built of best leather obtainable. They are built to give you MAXIMUM shoe satisfaction  ���������at ,a correct price.  Another item: Keep your dollar at home by demanding  LECKIE  SHOES.  AT   LEADING   DEALER8  _A jnetnorial^seEviceifp^the^vic-  tims of the Lusitania tragedy  will be held in Loew's theatre on  Sunday evening, May. ,16th, at 8  p.m. An address'will be given  by Mr. W. P. Goard. Madame  Edyth Mardpn will sing "O Best  in the Lord''; Miss Louise Berb  will sing ''Angels[Guard Thee;  (Berceuse deJocelyn) with violin  obligate by- Miss Marjorie Stevens, and a noted tenor, Mr. A. R.  Dingman, \vill also sing. By kind  permission of lit.-Col. McSpad-  den and officers the Band of the  llth regiment of��������� Irish Fusiliers  of Canada (under the direction  of Bandmaster Mr. C. F; Ward)  will play.: Bandsman C. Tossell  will render a cornet solo, Tosti's  "Goodbye."  WABD V.  Do not forget Red Cross Tag  Day in Ward V. Headquarters,  231.3 Main Street.   -  WALTER  MOBERLY   DEAD  Word has just been received  ���������that Walter,'Moberly, one of Vancouver's pioneers, died this morning in the General Hospital. A  memorial service will be held in  the Colonial .theatre Sunday evening. Mr. J. Francis Bursill will  also give aniaddress to the pupils  of the Walter -Moberly school,  South Vancouver; early next  week.  The names of two former  members of the local Y.M.C.A.  Leaders' Corps appear in recent  casualty lists, viz.: H. P. Latta  and F F. Elliott, both being killed in action. A younger brother  of Elliott's was also killed.  Out of Business  The-Bon Marche is out of business. Hilker's bought the  stock at a fraction of what the Bon Mafche paid. Our store is  full of Money Savers in just the lines you have to get anyway.  We can save you half in lots of lines, and almost half in all. There  are only a few lines mentioned here, but get out your pencil and  see what you can save in hard cash. Dollars count these days  and you can save here in just the goods you want. Watch our  windows every day. When out for your evening walk make Hilker's windows the objective point. We've got the goods. See  the goods, the prices will make your pocket book feel more like  old times. ..���������������'. ��������� v        '  Don't buy a dollar's worth if you don't want it, but be  sure you get all you want.  GIRLS' COLORED WASH  DRESSES  It   generally  pays   to  make   up  Girls' Dresses,' but you will get nothing for your time and have a lot of  hard work when you can buy at these  prices.   Colors guaranteed in every  ease. ��������� . -..: X  Bon Marche Price, $2.00.  ' Hilker's Price  .........  Bon Marche Price, $1.00.  Hilker's Price  .........  Bon Marche Price* 50c.  Hilker's Price  .........  98c  49c  25c  WHITE DRESSES  Babies to 4 year sizes, little beauties.  Bon Marche Priee,.$3.75.    #.|  AC  Hilker's Price    ....../'..4_*������V?  Bon Marche Price, $2.75.   >|  OP  Hilker's Price-.X .  ....-X jf *������������������**  EXTRA SPECIAL  ��������� -.     'Little Girls White Dresses  Bon Marche Price, $2.25.  SelUn^Xit IJilker'sr^ale v Ofe  for  ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������,  AW  Babies' Xbhg Cashmere Cloaks, beautiful quality. Bon Marche Price,  :   $4.75.x'xxxX..,-. *o on  But Hilker's sell for....... f 6t������Mf'  Bon Marche Special price, $3.95.,  Hilker's Price to Every- "  oue  ��������� ��������� t ��������� * ���������  $198  FRJOE O? ONU yw or  Little      Kiddies'      Gingham 1 C-  Dresses, each ...    ��������� ���������.-,.  ..... *****  flsA^jmhm^ WGBT GOWNS  Sizes, to fit 4, 6 and 8 years.\  Bon Marche. trice, 95c. AQg*  Now; and Here for........" W  Hard to believe, but true; they are  silk and dainty, .too.  59c  $1.25 values for .  $3.25 values for .  $1.59  EXTRA!     EXTRA!  Girls'  Princess  Slips,  to  fit' girls  6 to 12 years.  Bon Marche Price, .85c.        QQ^  Hilker's Price ....    ..... vilC  Bon Marche Price, $1.25.      COn  Hilker's Price  ..      ..'..,. v������C  SOME HOT SHOTS FROM OUR  BARGAIN  COUNTERS  Kimona Cloths, in splendid shades  or makes, line house dresses.  Boil Marche Price, 25c. Q1r  Hilker's Price  ..  Sateens, always 15c.  Hilker's Price '.":'..  91c  READ EVERY ITEM OF THIS  iaST     ;.: JAAk%A'']  Babies' Vests, Rhueben, Pullover or  Button Front. Regular 30c.  ��������� fov   '    '"���������  Baby's   Pure   Wool,   Button  Front.   Reg.   50c,   for..... ���������'.;'  Baby's Vest. Regular 25c.   X|0|������  ." for just ^v..............       *'Tr?-'  Baby's "Taped   Bands,   Pure  Wool, always 40c and 45c. 0*K,  For' ������t*U*\Z  Baby's  Bibs.  Reg.  10c. C^  For ut  Rubber Bibs and Feeders, val-1 Qr  ues to 35c,*for ...;".."....,'.. A*y  Wee      Cashmere.      Kimonds, 9Q|i  short,  65c;  for   ;......... ��������� **t^  Kiddies'^ Sweate^ Coats, to fit 2 or  3   years;   ligh|; .and   cosy.  Regular $1.25 for .......'.;,'  Rompers, 4 year size. Regular^  ij*zJ\s    XvIX      ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������  Flannelette   Diapers,   shaped    and  double.   Reg. -20c   ahd   25c    >  each.  New f^er Mf  dozen1  XHilker's Price .X..'?.....  A clearance of about Two Jtossen  Odd  lines.   Values   to   $2.50.  You can buy Corsets here at about  half    price.   All   correct; models.  Sizes49to28.       X  Pillow  Cases. XBeg. 40c, pair OQr  4.U1       ������������������   ������������������   ������������������   ���������   ���������,���������   ���������   ���������   ���������   *   ���������   ���������   ���������������������������������������������   ���������v,#������   ^^* ^^ ^^:  Girls'  Vests,   15c  values  fot  9c  SIW 9J.QVSISS $1.25  All   coi'rect   styles.   Shades*   Saxe,  jirown, Blue, Black, etc., ifessaline  Silk.   A great big leader.  Bon Marche Prices to $6.00 * |. OC  Hilker's Big: Sale- Pricef IffU  A NOTION ISEA        v  We are putting up 100 Bo^es of  Notions. In each is staple articles you  want every day.'-Pinsj Needles,  Spools, etc.- XFhe idea is we have a:  very heavy line of these things and  we want'to turn them fast, We  guarantee there is 60 cents worth in  every box, not always the same articles. OC^  Our Sale atr,...., _,,,...   ..... ^v  This is the biggest snap we ever  heard; of in Nd&onsX  : .   ���������-    ���������.    .: XXV;a .a~s'jj^- A-'--      -���������:.':' ��������� ������������������ "  MQOTYJNTE_|S|^^^^P^   YOU  XThere are^hundreds of lilies we can  save you mon^|on. Notk a little  but a lot.   Conie ;and seer  X Saturday andvuext week we will  sell 25 pieces Of best Print for 9%c  Vper;yard^      /aaa. ,'���������".".''-���������'- .���������;  HUNDREDS OF OTHER BARGAINS HEftE  ---������.-:- .?-���������,:~^~*.-x*-  ������:-:_->.-^^;f���������j;-c������**������w ���������


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