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The Western Call 1915-04-09

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 ap;v x ? a'-vT?,/-, ';.  k$&m*.v&  Published in the interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  Volume VI.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,       FRIDAY, APRIL 9,. 1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 48.  A CHANGE OF HEART  Xx ��������� X-��������� ������������������  THE following is interesting as showing a beginning of a change of mind and heart oh  IX  the part of Germany:  *   *   ���������   ���������   ���������  . A Rotterdam despatch says: Paul Michaells,  in his weekly review of the war in the Berliner  Tageblatt, is in gloomy mood regarding the  present condition of the German armies, and he  speaks of the spirit of modesty that now reigns  in Germany.  "We only see how tremendously difficult it  is made for us to preserve our national unity  and freedom. Many dreamed too easily of our  victory over our enemies. People sought to gather in the harvest when really the drst preparations for the final result still had to be created.  In the meantime, we have become .more modest,  and it'becomes clear to us that even with the  greatest self sacrifice, it ��������� will only be with difficulty that we shall be. able to conquer the  opposition of a world of enemies.  "Nobody, pretends not to have abandoned the  expectation that between to-day and to-morrow  the worid could be healed by the German spirit.  We have had to be convinced unwillingly and,by  hard facts that, in this war, it is not a question  of putting through a tremendously fantastic  world policy but a question of protecting our ���������  house and home. So little hps the war begun to  lay a new yoke upon the world, that it certainly  will have to be carried on for the self-preservation of the German Empire.  "It would be idle to try to fix the details  '������of-what the final peace will be, but in any case*  our object must be the making certain of our  national existence for the longest possible time."  ''/ After referring to the course of the submarine  war, the writer concludes: "We are confident*  that this winter of our discontent will be followed by a glorious summer."  I*  FINANCIAL HELPLESSNESS  of crnr of Vancouver  EXCEPT for the single revenue-producing department; the waterworks, the city" of Van  couver is non revenue producing.  The class of men who have"held.the civic  chairs of the city with few exceptions have  thought of obtaining money from one source only,  and that source has been first liens on the property of the citizens.  Enormous sums have been spent. It v might  hot be too much to say that enormous sums have  been squandered also, and all of. it has been  charged up against the property of the citizens.  ;' ; At the present time large sums, amounting  to $25,000 per month at the least, are being  spent for the maintenance of non-citizens in  large measure of aliens, and in still larger meas. ,  nr������ alien enemies, a*id these amounts also are  being charged up against the. property of. the  citizens.  The council is banking very largely upon the  generosity of the citizens.     *  It is not reflecting upon that generosity at  all to say that the most of this is unnecessary  and that it is wholly wrong.  ==-XFhe work that-these men-have-beenVemployed-  upon would have been good in normal times,  but it has been work which was not absolutely  required, and work; in Vancouver city as the  jnatter now stands which is not absolutely necessary should not be undertaken.  What .then?. Let the Dominion government  take, care of the> alien e^neray population. That  is: certainly theirresponsibility.  Let the province take; care of the extra Vancouver  population:   That  certainly  should not  be  a   charge   against   the   city .of  Vancouver  Vsbut-against the province as a whole.  In another column we have pointed out how  thisrcan be done by employing them in getting  ready for the market some of the timber and  other material the province owns in abundance,  and for which there will be a market shortly if  there 'is not now. Thus the money expended  in exchange for labor will return eventually  to the treasury without being a charge against  the people's holdings.  In regard to the city .there are ways.  Let the city put the services of. these men  at the disposal of citizens who have lots to  grade, but who cannot under the present conditions pay full ^yages to have it done. Thus let  the' citizen "share the profit with the men sustained.   ; "'-X":'V ^ r      '..   -  But above all let the city get to Work to take  from private enterprises the service of the city  and reap for the citizens the profits.  The hydro-electric powers should be develop-  ���������edfor the city for the profit of the city treasury.  The telephone bonanza should certainly be the  enterprise of the city as to the local'service and  of the province as to long distance. V  V     Transportation should be supplied by the city  for the profit of the city.   A new order'of trans-.  ;port has come.   In some form it may have come  to stay.   Let no new franchise be granted, but  let the city at once take '-this matter up, not  by  granting  licenses but  by  actual  operation,  giving every present jitney  man the  right to,  run until the city can employ him as driver and  not further.    ">  From such sources'the city should draw much  of. its  revenue. /-  Unless it moves,in this direction bankruptcy  threatens it. ',  ���������_..:-. The   right   class   of   qualified   business   men  would inaugurate these things and that speedily.  TAX SALES  SOON there will be offered by auction to a circle of such men as follow these sales properties on which there is owing about four per cent, of the assessed value.  True, it is war time, when everything else is at a standstill.  Private individuals, banks, mortgage companies, etc., are not pressing as a rule their  claims. But the bodies who represent the people ai.d who should be the best and most  honorable of the people in the name of,the people are ignoring the consideration all others  are giving, and are going on with the taking away of the people's lands for a ^song.s  Well, we repudiate,the course, as far as we are concerned. We believe that the  body which does this under the present circumstances will be dishonored and will dishonor  the people in whose names the sales are made.  There are other ways.   Sue the delinquent if necessary.   Under a judgment sale, the  sale stops when the proceeds amount to sufficient to meet the judgment.   But in the case  *> of a tax sale there is no stay in the proceedings until every separate piece delinquent has  been  dissipated. <  The expense so added will be equal.in many cases and in some will"be more than the  taxes.  Here is a case.  A person bought a block of thirty-six lots.  He sold some of them. But on account of the war could not collect. For the same  reason he cannot collect other debts, commercial or otherwise. In a couple of months the  property will be advertised for sale.  His-taxes on this piece are $87. The sales of the lots, lot by lot, will run up expenses  to the amount of at least $72 plus 5 per cent.  That he will be able to pay later is sure. 'That he is anxious to pay is certain.   But  that he should have to pay a hundred per cent, for extension during the war is abominable,  especially when the municipal treasury does not net the costs.  Irf the community willing to stand for this?"        '  PSYCHOLOGY OF THE  WAR  WE haVe already pointed.out that the war  is more psychological than physical at  the present time.  If the reports which reach us are full' and are  real, then we may safely conclude that the back  of the physical struggle has been broken.  Articles, which have been quoted from leading  German papers and which have been allowed to  be published appear to bear out this thought.  The hope of world conquest has apparently pass-,  ed from their minds. If there were not a great  psychological difficulty in the way, already that  Empire would have been suing for peace.  ,But the dream inculcated in the minds of the,  present generation of Germany so'fully-that'it  iiad become part of their very mental life, cannot  be easily awakened from. It will take months  of hairtmering and great losses to bring the Ger  tnand mind, at all times slow to change, to a  practical realization that all is lost of that dream  for all time.  But when their mental attitude has been  changed, perhaps the very slowness of the German type of mind to change will leave the  change very radical, indeed. Should peace be  prematurely made, although the physical struggle were won by the allies, and the mental attitude of Germany were left unchanged, there is  no doubt butv that the whole matter would recur again at a later date.  This is well known to the British statesmen.  X There has been considerable discussion by the  peace at any price people as to the possibility.  ofso-crushihgGermanyHhat she will-not be able  to again threaten the nations. This is not aimed  at by any one. What is the aim o{ the Allies  we believe is to so continue to punish Germany  that she will cry "enough," not because necess  arily of physical exhaustion, but because of  change  of heart.  When the time of that change of. heart shall  have fully come, and Germany shall have cried  " enough V none will welcome her back to sanity  and honor sooner than her present opponents.  And, providing that her change of heart be  sincerethey will" remember her insane actions  only as a household remembers the ravings and  deadly attacks of a member of that household  upon the other members while under the control  and influence of delirium of a virulent fever.  AID TO THE POULTRY RAISER  E call the attention of the government to  a method of effective aid to the, poultry  raiser which would be of vital importance to the people employed therein.  Namely to the arranging with the transporta-  ^ tion   companis   for  a   freight   rate- for   grain  " such as would land grain here for local consumption at a usable figure.  The cost pf transportation of grain for export purposes, say to Mexico, and the .cost of  transportation of grain for local consumption  is very different.  1 Why this should be the layman fails to understand. ������,  The people of the localities of the Dominion  ihayebeen saddled with the cost of bonusing the  .roads. They have to contribute their share, of  course,ltd the operating expenses. But why,  there should be a so much better rate for the  grain hauled for the Mexican than there is for  the grain hauled for tbe Canadian, over the  same piece of road is one of the wonderful and  fearful things about a railroad freight schedule.  The want of this equal rate is simply prohibiting the poultry raiser of B. C. from making a  profit.  We believe that the department could get this  matter remedied if it tried hard enough. II it  succeeded in doing this it would put an important  industry on its-feet.  AW, BATTOBireP DOWN"  While the words "battened down" may not  convey much to a landsman they mean all the  difference between comfort and misery to, the  sailor, with the risk of ill-health in the bargain.  "BatteinW^wn"ltt^  ern sailor than to him of Nelson's time. In  weather of which the oldo ships, with their high  free-boards and protecting bulwarks, took little  notice, the modern ship is battened down. The  open, unprotected upper deck is swept fore and  aft by high seas, and the smaller the class of  ship the more is she affected.  Everything that science can contrive has  been done to alleviate the discomforts of '' bat-  teuing down," which is closing all upper deck  hatches to keep the seas which sweep over the  deck from penetrating to the interior of the  ship, but even then the mess decks are often  awash. However, it is the lack of exercise and  fresh air that tell most heavily on the health of  the' crew. o  WHAT IS THERE BEFORE THE WORLD AFTER THE WAR  THIS is a question which many are asking and  many more are wondering who have not  thought of asking the question.  There has been sufficient progress made in  the struggle to warrant certain conclusions. Out  of the scramble there will arise certain results,  which should have a profund effect on the conditions of the world after the war.  The German menace will, at least for a time,  be eliminated. That is a sentence easily spoken,  but not so easy to understand.  In order to understand it we must realize that  all the burden of modern armament has been imposed upon the world by Germany.  We place that statement in a separate paragraph in order that there may be given tb it the  attention which it deserves. That the whole  manhood "of nations should be subjected to the  military yoke, that the whole of the material,  moral, and spiritual resources of empires  should be bourid to a military slavehood such as  the world never before realized, has been the result of. the ���������military madness of Germany. That  the peace of. the world and the honor of it's  manhood, as far as she could command it, has  been, ruthlessly sacrificed is due to the lust for  conquest   of   Germany  That France should have been compelled to  live under the conditions of a hideous nightmare  THE WAR'S PROGRESS  THE Russians have-been doing good work  under difficulties in the Carpathians. In  the midst of intense cold and deep snow  they have kept up the double shifted struggle.  One section of the army have fought by day  and another section by night, so that there has  been no rest for the enemy day or night. They  have scaled the mountain crags and ridges in  the face of all kinds of fire, against all kinds  of natural and artificial obstacles, and they have  won by dogged slugging.  Now they have debouched upon the plains  of Hungary and are sweeping the Austro German  armies back.  But. there should be no disappointment  of the Russians are again pressed back  into the mountains. For the moment the  weather which' has fought against' the,  enemy most of the winter is in  favor of Germany. It is the time of the breakup  of the winter in East Prussia and North Poland.  Under these circumstances the armies in those  regions cannot move to any grerit extent. The  snow, water, mud, ice, eteT, all intermixed effectually prevent this. The front which has been  held by'Germany with nearly two million troops  can now be held until the ground begins to diy  with half a million men. * The German railroads  can rush the released men over to the south line  in time to help stem the, Russian advance. But  the Russians have not similar lines to move  their troops to meet the danger. Thus, for a  couple of weeks the Germans may be in great  numbers at that point, and may roll the Russians  back  once   more.  But after that there will be no such opportunities.     '    !  Have patience, therefore. ~" The end cannot  be much longer delayed.  for a generation has been brought about by the  evident intention of Germany to overrun her.  That Britain should have been compelled to  bear the great naval burden she has carried on so  unflinchingly for the last decade has been due  to the deadly rivalry of Germany. Now for a  time at least this burden is passing.  From the time of the old Landgrave, the father of Frederick the Great, the house of Hohen-  zollern has had the madness in heart and brain  which has brought about this great sorrow to the  world. -J  And but for the fact that there were clear  visioned men who idealized the danger in Britain,  and but for the heroic resistance of Belgium and  the no less brave tackling of the horror when it  burst upon her on the part of France, and the  providential readiness of the British fleet, and of  the Russian army, the horror would have swept  over all the world anoXirould have engulfed the'  nations. - X  But thank God the, great danger is passing,  and the new day is beginning to show signs of  the dawn.  The shaking of the nations in this bloody conflict has caused men to examine many things and  those things which could be shaken are passing  away. :  For instance, theVserfdom of Russia.   Legally  (Continued on Page 4)  THE UNEMPLOYED AND  WHO SHOULD FEED THEM  THE City hag been*doihg its part for months  in feeding-the stranger within our gates.  But .that the city is called upon to continue  the work of feeding the stranger-may be well,  doubted, unless there' can be found work of a  remunerative character for them to do..  What then? Should7the stranger be allowed  to starve? By no means. The province should  have the first responsibility for the unemployed  who are not citizens or employees in Vancouver.  These men come in to us from the various,  works  outside.  From   railroad  camps,   lumber  camps and so on.   Many of them nave never  been in the city, or have nevej contributed to  the support of the city in any way.   That that  part of the provincial community living in the  city should be called upon to bear the whole bur  den of their maintenance is not fair.   For the  residents of the city a^re in a great measure living at this time on their savings and are earning nothing. 0  Especially this is unfair because there would  seem to (be no good reason why these men  should  be  idle.  True, there is not much doing in the lumber  trade and the shingle business for instance. But  there will again be a^market for bolts^and-logs-  later. Now there is in the hands of the government timber limits with great wealth of materials  To meet the unique emergency why not let the  government open government camps and get  out ties, logs and shingle bolts, etc.! No one  could accuse the government of cutting in on  private enterprise, for private enterprise in  these matters has been stopped. Mills have not  the capital to go on with their work paying  wages and carrying the stock over, but if the  money must be spent to feed these men then  spend it to purpose eve nthough there be the  necessity of holding the product uutil times  mend.  The government itself requires telegraph  poles. The mines require timber,' the : railroads  need ties.  In cases where there are railroad bonds unsold  as in the ca#e of the P. G. E. the timbers could  be supplied and the bonds taken as pay. The  railroad to this extent would be helped and the  unemployed assisted.  We throw this out as an illustration and say  that in many ways the natural resources of the  province could be used to mobilize the unemployed if not with profit to the community,  at all events without loss.  OUR BOTS  The stream of boys who are leaving for the  front from this city is remarkable. The times  are such that' their absence is not hampering  business to any great degree, but when the tide  has fully turned, as it is now turning, these, the  flower of our young men are going to be badly  missed. ..'.".  It is significant that among the bread line in  the city there are very few English speaking men  and those who are largely from the other side  of the boundary.  It is one of the sacrifices which will pinch  harder by and bye. that when men are required the places will be taken by the youth of  another race.  Still, we may hope that the need ''will not  last many months longer and that our own boys  will come back in force, not at all the less useful  because of the great experience through which  many of them will be called upon to go.  .   We. say God bless 'em in the way they go.  V" o 3  -Ml  _���������  m  ���������_n_a_Mfe THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 9, 1915.  'Tride ofthe West"  BRAND���������  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  x ��������� 3y  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods .and the Money."  Hie Pioneer Meat Market  Corner Broadway and  Proprietor, Frank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It Is not excelled lor Quality or Prices In Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  CANCELLATION  OF RBBEBVE  NOTICE IS BBBBBT GIVEN that  tbe reserve covering certain lands in  ' tbe vicinity of Lund and other points,  on tbe Straits of Georgia, by reason  of a notice published in tbe British  Columbia Gazette on the 27tb of December, 1907, is cancelled in so far  as it relates to Lots 4174, 4175, 4176,  4178. 4179, 4180, 4181, 4182, 4184, 4188,  4187, 4188, 4189, 4190, 4191, 4192, 4193,  4194, 4195, 4196, 4197, 4198, 4209, 4210,  4317,4318, 4319, 4320, 4321, 4322, 4323,  4324, 4325, 4326, 4327, 4328, 4329 and  4330, New: Westminster District.   The  . said Irtti -will be' open to entry by preemption on Tuesday, the 18th day of  May^ 1915, at nine o'clock in the forenoon.  No Pre-emption Becord will be  issued to include more than! one surveyed Lot, and all applications must  be made at the office of the Government Agent at Vancouver.  B. A. BENWICK,  Deputy Minister of'Lands.  Department of Lands,  Victoria, B. C,  March'.llth,.,1915.  BELIEVE 8TEFANS80N  HAS   PERISHED  CANCELLATION OT BE8EBVE  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that  tbe reserve covering certain lands in  the vicinity of Trail Bay, Sechelt, by  reason of a notice published in the  British Columbia Gazette on the 27th  of December, 1907, is cancelled in so  far as it relates to Lots 4292, 4293,  4394, 4296, 4297, 4298, 4299, 4300, 4301,  4304, 4305, 4306, 4307, 4308, 4309, 4310,  4311, 4312, 4313, and 4314, New .Westminster District. The said Lots will  be open to entry by pre-emption on  Tuesday, the 18th day of May, 1915,  at nine o'clock in the forenoon. No  Pre-emption Record will be issued to  include more than one surveyed Lot,  and all applications must be made at  the office of the Government Agent at  Vancouver.  R. A. RENWICK,  Deputy Minister of Lands.  Department  of Lands,  Victoria,  B.  C,  March llth, 1915. 45, 4T  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE��������������������������� ft   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors'  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British  Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  WAR WARBLINGS OF  A BRITISH TAR"  Our readers will be interested  to learn that the many bright  and topical verses which have  appeared from time to time in  The Western Call will shortly appear in book form under the title  of "War Warblings of a British  Tar." Mr. W. A. Ellis, late R.  N., the author, has given us pleasing lines under the different subjects, and no doubt the limited  edition will be eagerly sought  after. Special copies will be on  sale at The Western Call office,  at 25 cents.  That Stefanssori, the explorer,  is lost in the Arctic, is the belief  of. Hon. J. D. Hazen, head of the  Naval Service Department which  equipped the expedition. The  minister told of all the news that  had come back from different  branches of the expedition. Stef-  ansson, with two other men,'left  other members of the party over  a year ago. They were on drifting ice, and hoped by spring to  reach Siberia, or else lah4 on  Banks Island, where they would  find supplies. From Banks VJJand  they would come across the ice  again to the north coast of Canada if they did not meet a  steamer.":-  ���������".."It is possible, Imt not very  probable, that Stefansson will be  found alive," said Mt. Hazen, as  Captain Bartlett, of the wrecked  Karluk, had been in Ottawa, however, and said that Stefansson  was very resourceful and would  come through if any man could.  BILLY SUNDAY-A  PHILADELPHIA OPINION  BWTWK APOFT NEW  FOWNQ METHOD  The old Spanish way of holding the rifle overhead in firing  from the trenches so Vag to endanger only the hands of the firer, a  method which has caused foreign  observers to ridicule the fighting  of Spanish American armies and  which made the fire of the insurrectionists so ineffective in the  Philippine war, has been adopted  by the British army. But it is  not haphazard fire for the aiming  is done by periscope.  Instructors are now employed  in the English training camps to  teach this method of. firing, which  requires a new technique. These  men have astonished sceptical officers by making shots that would  be creditable to a sharpshooter  under the old method of holding  the eye to the sight. Just how it  is done is not explained, but it  isjknown that the gun is held at  arm's length in the air upside  down.  It is proposed' to keep 50,000  Canadians in the firing line  throughout the whole year if necessary, is the announcement of  General Sam Hughes, minister of.  militia. If the British war office  decides that this number should  be increased to 75,000 or more,  this will be done, and more money will be required.  Mrs. G. T. Pulford, widow of  Senator Fulford, and her son-in-  law and daughter, of Brockville,  Ont., have made on offer of $100,-  000 to the Dominion government  to meet the expenses of equipping a Canadian! regiment for  overseas services, and the offer is  likely to be accepted by the federal authorities.  What Billy Sunday has done  in America has now become incontrovertible history. The . Philadelphia    North    American    in  speak-ing of. his campaign in that  city. said, that he wrought in a  few short weeks what years of  reform movements failed to do.  Old line politicans who did the  dirty work for the political gang  are now jealuse fighters for temperance righteousness and religion.  "Ah unexpected, unpredicted,  and unprecedented social force  has been unleashed in our midst"  Investigators going back over  Billy Sunday's trail for-twenty  years find that the safest cities  in the country for young men  and women are those which have  been through one of his campaigns,  and that even the gutter bums  who have "hit the trail" have in  almost every instance become self-  supporting workingmen. How  is this man to be accounted for,  and what is this force? In an  intensely interesting book, "Billy Sunday; the Man and his  Message," (John C. Winston Co.)  William T. Ellis endeavors to answer these questions. In a time  when the church seems losing on  one hand and the religious hunger of the masses growing on the  other, here comes a white hot  force for righteousness sweeping  the country. This is no new (condition in history; the fact that  awes one is that in every such  cycle the message of the man or  men back of the uplift never varies in its essentials by a hair's  breadth. "It is Billy Sunday's  bed rock belief that Jesus can  save anybody, from the gutter  bum to the soul calloused wealthy  man of the world, and make them  both new creatures. With heart  tenderness and really yearning  love he holds aloft the Crucified  as the world's only hope. That  is why his gospel breaks hearts  of stone and makes Bible study  ing, praying church workers out  of strange assortments of humanity." XsvX:X-V-'  (Sod always seems to pick a  man who believes Him and is not  afraid to rest I absolutely oh His  word. He imputed righteousness  to Abraham because He believed  him, He chose David because He  "looked uj>6n the  heart," and  Billy Sunday believes His word  unquestioningly. '������������������" The Bible was  written that you might read and  believe that Jesusvis the Son of  God.  The Bihle wasn't intended I  for a history or a cool* book.    It  was intended to keep me from going to hell.   I want to say that  I believe that the Bible is the  Word   of   God   from   cover   to  cover.   Not because I understand  its  philosophy,   speculation,    or  theory.   I cannot, wouldn't   attempt it, and I would be a fool  if I tried.   I believe it because  it is from the mouth of God; the  mouth   of^God "has"spoken  it;  There is only one way to have  the doubts destroyed. Head   the  Bible and obey it.   You .say' you  can't understand it.   When you  go to school you learn the^A. B.  C's, and pretty soon you.understand something you thought you  never could when you started out.  So in religion. Begin with the  simple things and, go ��������� on and  you'll Understand. That's what it  was written for, that you might  read arid believe and be saved."  Rare is the preacher to-day who  dares to stand before a cultured  congregation and tell them' they  can never be saved from hell but  by the atoning blood of God's  only Son, and they receive the  withering scorn of Billy Sunday  for their "streak of saffron." He  tells the preachers who question  the personality, of the evil one  that if they would preach the  gospel straight they would find  out sOon enough that he is a  living being.; when they don't  hear him roar they are not shooting to kill. Like his Lord and  Master was, he is tempted by the  devil. "Don't think because I  am a preacher the devil doesn't  bother me. The devil comes  around regularly and I put on  the gloves and get busy right  away.  Because Billy Sunday believes  with every fiber in his being that  it is Jesus Christ'or hell for every  Jiving man or woman is the reason he is working at such white  heat. His physical exhaustion after the intensity and vigor with  which he offers every ounce of  his energy at every meeting distresses his friends. But he is"  right on the job eleven months in  the year, under a strain more intense than that of a greatV.political.'campaign.-' It is slowly but  surely telling on him. Off the  platform his extreme modesty)  and simplicity surprise reporters  who have lynx eyes for hypocricy  and who never fail to believe in  Billy Sunday. Perhaps the truth  about his income is not known by  all. He gave up a finely paid  baseball position to work for the  TM.G.A. at $83 a month. He was  offered from $500 to $1,000 per  month at various times to bo  back to ball, but he stuck to his  "work for God," with his little  salary six, months' overdue. After  he became an evangelist he, has  never specified any pay whatsoever. The freewill offering made  on the last day of the campaign  is all that is his. He never knows  what it is to be and out of it he  pays many salaries. When the  enormity of his work is considered one wonders that: the offering  is not greater than it is. The ter,  rifio criticism he undergoes evidently cuts deeper than outsiders know. "It was a hard thing  for me when God told me to  leave home and go into the  world to preach the gospel and  be vilified and libeled and have  my life threatened and be denounced, but when my time, comes  when I have preached my last  sermonr and "I" can-gp-hbme"to  God and the Lamb, He'll say,  'Bill, this was the reason.' I'll  know what it all meant, and I'll  say 'I'm satisfied, God, I'mtsatis-  fied.'"���������Chicago Tribune.  NEW TRANSPORTATION  FACILITIES  If the European war were not  exercising its powerful attraction  upon the attentions of a world  ordinarily business-minded, the  Panama Canal and the influence  of that Waterway for good or  ill upon the affairs of the Pacific  coast j and the western interior  would be monopolizing the everyday discussion Of the people of  the coast province. San Francisco is this summer commemorating the successful completion, and  throwing open for traffic of the  sea route which, at the very.least  will inaugurate a new era in. the  transportation affairs of the Pacific seaboard in Canada, as well  as in the United States. But,  more than that, a new railway,  with the easiest grades of any  line crossing/the Rocky mountains from the east, has been  welded together betwee the Yel  lowhead Pass and the tide water  on the Fraser since hostilities  commenced in the old world. Con  sidered in conjunction >vith the  completion of the big ditch  through Central America, this  ought to be a theme for discussion, at least of secondary importance to the people of British Columbia.  ARGUE!  ������wiv5obacco  Strawberries���������50 varieties.  ��������� Raspberries���������13 varieties.  Seed Potatoes���������-10 varieties.  Descriptive/'    Jalogue TREE  "THE LAKE VIEW FBUIT FABM"  H.  L.  McCONNELL  &  SON     .  Port Burwell'"- - Ontario  SHEfcDON IS REPENTANT  Charles D. Sheldon, the Montreal broker, known throughout  Canada five years ago as' ' - the  wizard of finance,'' who was sentenced on June 16, 1911, to five  years in the penitentiary on account of financial operations  which cost investors thousands of  dollars, and was released recently,  declares his intention of settling  down again in Montreal and  working to repay every dollar  which he lost to investors, especially the poorer speculators who  could not afford to lose. Sheldon  is over 60 years of age, but appears to be in excellent health.  Sheldon, in the autumn of 1908,  it was charged, was operating a  "blind pool," offering profits of  50 to 70 per cent, to those who  entrusted their money to him for  market speculation. His business  was the subject pf newspaper criticism, but considerable money  was placed in his hands. The  culmination came in' October,  1910, when criticism became pronounced and a demand was published for an examination of Sheldon's books. He disappeared,  and was not located until March  29, 1911, when he was arrested in  Pittsburg.  Robert Raikes established the  first Sunday school at Gloucester,  England in 1871.  TO .MANUFACTURE  SHELLS IN THE WEST  General Sam Hughes has met  the special committee which has  charge of making shells for the  imperial army, of which Col. Bertram is chairman, and representatives of Western Canada cities,  in order to take up the question  of manufacturing shells in the  west. The situation was carefully canvassed, and it is hoped that  the various foundries and factories in the west will be in a position to handle large orders.. As a  result of the conference, Mr. David Carnegie,. the ordnance expert, along with representatives  from the mining department arid  McGill university, Montreal, are  on a tour of the .west and will  make a study on the ground bf.  the capabilities of various plants  for making shells and their parts.  They will visit all the western  cities of importaonce.  DRILL HALL TO COST $300,000  Hon. Robt. Rogers, minister of  the Interior of Canada has made  public the announcement that the  new drill hall for Vancouver will  cost $300,000 when completed.  There are 2750 languages.  Chinese invented paper in 170  B. C. Envelopes were not used  until 1839.  Experts on transportation matters have in the past expressed j  varied opinions as to the effect  which' the Panama./ Canal Will  have upon shipping bound from}  western Canada to Europe and  upon shipping consigned in the  opposite direction. But /almost  invariably, such opinions have  always been based upon conditions which prevailed at the time  the opinion was formed*. Apart  from what is going to be the future* tendency of. the class of  traffic mentioned, under normal  conditions���������and that the future  can only demonstrate���������we are  not dealing with normal but abnormal conditions. Canada has  been requested, as a matter of  Imperial urgency, tb extend this  year, as far as humanly possible  her production of foodstuffs. The  farmers of the three western  prairie provinces anticipate the  harvesting of the greatest crop  since the country was opened up  for settlement. The Canadian  Northern Railway announced a  short time ago that the cultivated acreage along its lines  alone in Western Canada is greatly in excess of any previous sea-.  sonV The bulk of the exportable surplus .will be wheat, and  Europe will be its destination.  The prospect, is for a keen;-de*  mand arid a state of need that  will necessitate the use of. every  available transportation .route by  which the grain may reach its  destination. ''������������������. . XXX"  The present set of circumstances appears to indicate that the  easy grade rail route, from the  Yellowhead Pass, and the cut-in-  two bulk cargo journey to Europe by way of the Panama will  undergo a test during the approaching season under conditions  which" would have b^e^Trej|arded  as ideal a few months ago. -Long  wheat trains should cut diagonally across British Columbia to  the southern ports from the northern pass and the northern ports  may also be placed inV a position  to demonstrate their claiins    of J  advantages. In the event of  these new traffic movements proving to be as successful as the  people of the province expect,  there,is no reason why goods and  people destined for points east of  the Rockies, say to a lirie drawn  north and south through North  Battleford, should not be handly^  ed in the opposite direction. The"  Panama Canal was designed to  work for this sort of development in connection with the ports  on the American Pacific seaboard.  It should prove to have a similar  effect upon the Canadian ports, , <  and, iri addition, our transfer  points would .have the advantage  of modern railway construction  to rush the. J traffic inland. Had  British Columbia, as a united province, set herself Vvthe task of  jbending^circumstances to her fa-\  vor, a development ;more favor- '  able could scarcely have been  achieved., ' ������������������"���������' X'v'  THE WESTERN CALL  -WHAT IS IT?  fjThis is a natural and legitimate!  question   to   ask   and   we   wantl  every citizen to ask it.  IjThe question can be as readily  answered by every citizen as by  ourselves, but to do this you must  have it delivered to your home!  each week.   This can be done by  becoming  a  subscriber  and  the  payment.of One Dollar annually ,-]  in advance, X  ���������J You Will not regret making ihis  clean, live, progressive weekly  one of your home papers. Old  and young alike may read it and  the children Xvill find pleasure  and profit in its contents. !  ^Write or phone John T. Stevens;  Mgr.  Circulation I>ept.      X  .AN A0JH5 >0* tAmxtiim  j Burining parallel with the patriotism, ind production campaign  js the movement ori the part--:.o$>p  a larjffe^ section of western iarijrir  ers to. set aside one acre of their  1915 crop, and to devote the proceeds from this tov the relief of  destitution arising out'.of thewar.  This is not a selfish move to take  advantage bf the higher prices  due to war conditions, but a definite effort arid sacrifice in the 1  cause of humanity. The spirit *  behind such a movement is most  commendable and the endeavor  to give the generous impulse cpii-  lercter^xpressibiu irk la "definite  amount of land devoted to a special purpose is a more practical  way to implement a generous resolution. By all means have patriotic acresXyoluritaryj taxes are  the easiest to bear and the most  fruitful of good.'-',. :;'vXX^Xv/���������/V'  "Q. B.M Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats. '  "Q. JI.-" Means  Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "(J. B." Means "Made in B. 0."  by White Help.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd.  JINGLE POT <Ml  WILL REDUCE YOUR PUEL BILL  MORE HEAT. LASTS LONGER. TRY A TON.  LUMP    -     --'J-/  -$7.00  NUT    X     .     .  $5.50  PEA       -     -  $400  SLACK  -     $3.50  BRIQUETTES   -  -     $6.00  WOOD���������Choicest Dry Fir Cordwood $3.00 per load.  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.]  Seymour 5408-5409 ������������������A4::.:.:'/----.-.--  'XV':'  yjyykk  Sliiililli  X. X-;  Wk  yy/yy  kJ:J-''���������'vj/'-^k/''/'^^^i'tS]*:?- ~k.'k'  -;:;��������� ���������''���������:���������;':;  ���������'������������������<������������������- :'X'VV  /^:'kyyyk^k//^S{//-:\  ���������-'.-������������������ I:**".'  XV;'X'V'.  ^/���������Jy'y//?i ?82?||^?;  '���������'.--.���������'^  Friday, April i9, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  3  HOUSEHOLD GOODS and OFFICE FURNITURE  aiij&M  OLDEST AND LARGEST STORAGE CONCERN IN WESTERN CANADA  CAMPBELL STORAGE COMPANY  MOVING - PACKING-STORAGE-SHIPPING  PHONE SEYMOUR 7360.  ,       OFFICE 857 BEATTY ST _g|  Phone Sey. 1076? 1077  Coal -��������� Fire Wood  --������������������������������������   ' ' '-       '���������������������������������������������/��������� '     .  "     ...       "'��������� ! ���������''"  J. 'HAiNBPRY & CO., LTD.  Oor* 4-th Avenue and Oranvllle SU    ;  Wellington Coal, Cordwood and Plainer Ends  \  The Comfort  Baby's   .  Morning Dip  <** r^ooDimss  aJknows/I  if WI A < s&ys the Comfort  Baby's Grand-  mo ther. "what  we'd do without  this Perfection  Smokeless Oil  Heater.  "if I'd only had one  when yoa were a  baby, you'd have been saved many a cold and  croupy spell"  For warming cold comer* end ieoleted upstate roome, aqd.  for conntleM special occaaiona when extra heat la wanted.  70a need the Perfection 8nokele������e Oil Beater.  PERFECTION  The Perfection it light, portable, Inexpensive  to boy and to use, easy to dean and to re-  wick. No kindling; no ashes. 8tnokeleaa  and odorless. At all hardware and general  stores, lookjbr the Triaofla trademark.  Medela*  ROYAUTC OH. Is fcMtfarelliww  9p9aaM9*}      9a99Wi*t99*^������   ^4^999**)^^1*^9*^l*^*t*^9  meter, T������  SUGGESTGIVIC  LIGHTING  a;  Advocating a civic electric light  plant as, a means of supplying  cheaper illuminant to householders, the Central Ratepayers 'Association passed a resolution this  week urging the city to take  steps towards the installation of  such a system.  The resolution was moved by  Mr. D. ��������� G. McDonald, who said  that in no other city in Canada  of similar population was more  paid for light than in Vancouver.  He pointed out that in Winnipeg  light was supplied at three cents  a kilowatt hour by the municipal  plant.  It was pointed out by Mr. Jas.  Eadie, in reply to a question as  to competition within the city  limits, that while the B. C. Electric might exclude other companies, the city had the tfght to  instal its own system. He said  that had been established when  the question was discussed before.  Mr. G. R. Gordon, chairman, said  that he heard some large consumers were getting light at one  cent a kilowatt hour, so that  the majority of the consumers  were paying for the power sup:,  plied another party, if that were  the  case. *  The central association endorsed the resolution of the Grand-  view association making a protest against any money by-laws  being submitted to the people this  year. The Grandview resolution  urging that the Great Northern  Railway be made to carry out its  terminal work was endorsed. The  suggested permission for an extension of time on the permanent  bridges over the Grandview cut  was also approved.'  While reluctant to approve of  the $100 pamphlet proposed by  the City Council, the association  deferred action pending a report  from the city hall committee. Mr.  J. N. Harvey and several others  advocated the grant on the  ground that good results would  be obtained from the advertising this year. He declared that  the city as a whole would benefit.  The retail merchants were usually called upon to go into their  pockets . for such purposes and  should not be made to raise all  the money this time.  SERVICE FIIIST  OUR  one  thought  and purpose  on  all  appointments  is  GENTEEL SERVICE.   We leave no details for your  care.  0(TJR    CflAPEL    and    IlECEPTION    ROOM  ���������will;  afford   you   any   privacy   you   may  "'������������������'desire.'-'". -V- -. ��������� "XXX"  MOUNT W^^ CO.  Phone: Fairmont 189 *54;������th Ave. |5. (near Wato)  NEW VW4������ HAW AT   x  NO&ra VANOCflTVTSE  The Dominion -Government -s  new drill hall in Mahon Park,  North Vancouver, will be completed in about two weeks, bar  ring iinforeseen delays. As far  as; tbe official opening .'is concerned nothing definite has as  yet been arranged, but the general/feeling on the north shore is  that something of a public celebration should mark the occasion.  VANCOUVER COURT BOUSE  BARS  SASKATCHEWAN  TO CLOSE ON JULY 1st  SASKATCHEWAN   NOTES  MOUNT  PLEASANT METHODIST  CHUBCH  Bev   Dr. SippreU,  the Popular Pastor of This Church, Has  Been Invited  and has.Accepted the Invitation of the Board to Remain in Charge  V for Another Year  In addition to the cultivation  of all vacant lots in Regina the  Vacant Lot Gardeners' Association aims to cultivate 50 acres of  land owned by the city on a cooperative basis. The various  movements such as "Patriotism  and Production," "Produce Something, "etc., have all given a  stimulus to this particular movement, and business men as well  as artisans are attending the free  courses of instruction in market  gardening, in order to give material assistance to the movement.  That Regina in particular and  Saskatchewan in general was suffering less from the financial de'  pression than the greater part of  the United States, particularly  the southern States, was the impression gained by His, Honor  Lieutenant-Governor Brown, while  on a trip to attend the celebration of the centenary of peace in  the city of New Orleans, Alabama. His Honor expressed himself as delighted with the celebration and the kindly treatment  accorded the Canadian representatives, and.believed that the demonstration would serve to further strengthen the ties of friendship binding the United States  and Canada together.  ": *    *   ���������������������������  An important move towards cooperative stock marketing was  made at the executive meeting  of the Live Stock Breeders recently, when a committee consisting of C. A. Dunning, J. A.  Maharg, of the Grain Growers, A.  F. Mantle and W. W. Thompson,  representing the legislature; and  A. B. Potter, of Langbank; S. V.  Tomecko, Lipton; ' John Ames.  Hanley, and the Hon. W. C. Sutherland, of. Saskatoon, representing the live stock men, were  appointed a committee to investigate the question, and report  as early as possible to the execu-  tiveJ of the live stock men. The  matters considered at the annual  meeting of the swine breeders',  association, where the necessity  of adopting steps toward co-operation along the lines of the  Saskatchewan Grain Growers' Association was emphasized. The  suggestion was that the live stock  breeders' association be represented by a central organization  through which the individual cooperative units could work.  The Hon. Walter Scott officially sounded, on behalf of his  government, the death knell of.  the liquor traffic in Satkatchewan  at a meeting addressed by himself and J. G. Turiff, M.P. Following a review of his government's attitude and policy on the  liquor question during the ten  years which have elapsed since  Saskatchewan was created a province and pointing out the many  advance steps taken, the premier announced that he and his  colleagues were unanimously  agreed that public opinion was  now ripe for a further and greater reform, consequently the government had decided to abolish  all bar and club licenses in the,  province from July 1st next, and  as a government to immediately  take over the wholesale liquor  business and conduct it under an  officer responsible to the legislature as a government monopoly.  The premier's speech, which  was received with the greatest  enthusiasm, was a noteworthy one  even apart from the important  and   far-reaching   announcement  of policy which it contained.  - '���������'        -***'  The speech in part was as follows:  A. War Measure  What the government proposes  is in a sense a war measure, and  if' we are to make effective the  business sense ��������� of the province  which we believe is that in this  time of war less than any time  can the province stand the drain  of the traffic, then the >plan of  the plebiscite is impracticable.  The taking of. the plebiscite will  now have to wait until after the  war, and the government and legislature will have to take the  onus of whatever action is deemed- advisable-duringV-the -period  of the war. To take a referendum before acting will mean too  much delay.  The goverment's proposals re  this liquor question put in brief  and concrete form.are the following:  1. To at once issue a proclamation cutting the hours of retail  liquor sale to' 7 o'clock in the  evening beginning 1st April.  2. To convene the legislative assembly as early as possible in the  month of May and submit to the  House a measure, of which the  outstanding features will be the  abolition of all bar and club licenses from 1st July, 1915, until  the ending of. the war, and the  taking over by the government  of the wholesale liquor business,  throughout the province immediately. ,  3. Provide in the measure that  following the ending of the war  the bar and club licenses shall  not be revived except as the result of a referendum on the  question to be taken at the time  of the municipal elections held  after peace is declared, but not  earlier than December, 1916, a  majority vote to decide, and the  provincial franchise to. be adopted for the referendum; the government to provide most carefully framed safeguards against any  irregularities such as personations, false declarations and the  use of liquor or any other improper influences; and for the  more secure discouragement of.  mp^oper practices, appoint a public prosecutor to follow and prosecute infractions.  4. Provide in the measure for  the maintenance by the government under a commissioner having status similar to that of the  provincial auditor, of a Liquor  Dispensary or Dispensaries Hn  each city or town where at pre  sent wholesale licenses exist, to  be known as Saskatchewan Dispensaries for sale of liquors which  must not be consumed on the premises and under strict regulations as to quantities, size of package, etc.; the question of establishing such dispensaries in towns  and villages where at present  wholesale licenses do not exist to  be determined by- a referendum  of the municipal electors to be  taken at the time of the municipal elections.  5: Provide that in , the year  1919, or any subsequent year, on  presentation of a petition signed  by twenty-five per cent, of the  number of electors who voted at  the next preceding provincial  elections, a provincial referendum shall be taken to decide the  be disputed, that if the actual  amounts ��������� of capital required to  create the whole hotel premises  and equipment in Satkatchewan  were known, together with the  aggregate revenues which the business yielded in these ten years,  it would be found to be a fact  that the business has completely  paid for every hotel building and  piece, of furnishing and also  yielded a surplus sufficient to  form a compensation fund which  would pay it all over again. Unfortunately hotel premises for  years took on a speculative value  like some other classes of property. Premises which cost say  $10,000 to create, were sold for  $20,000, and resold for $30,000.  In many cases the- present license-holders are not the men  who made the large profits.; Yet  as between the,people as-a whole  and the liquor business, I think  the fact remains and is unswer-  able, that the people owe no debt  to the business nor to the license-holders, and cannot in jus-  continuance  or abolition of. the x*     l o _.  proposed dispensaries. All dispen! **'% ZTSL^ff S  saries taken over or opened to re- ff ������J"������j12J*X SSm.***  main .n nnAi..������:n������, ,;..*;i ..������~.~ the time had come to abolish the  mam  in  operation  until  afore- ^ bw ^ put an end to ^  and any private traffic and profit  in liquor.  said referendum decides.  These are the outstanding features of the measure which the  government, in obedience to its  interpretation of the public opinion of the province, intends placing before the Saskatchewan legislature and upon which necessarily the government is prepared to stand or fall:   There are  many details which will require  to  be  worked  out.   There  is. a  {general   question,   a   vexed   and  much disputed question, of compensation   for   loss   of   licenses.  To this question the government  has given painstaking attention,  and the conclusion we have reached���������and it is a conclusion which  we have reluctantly reached���������is  that as between the whole community   and   the   license-holders  there is no fair way to work out  a-^scheme-of compensation,���������any  compensation to be paid would  have to come out of the pockets  of the people, and the only conclusion the government was able  to come to is that as between the  license-holders   and   the   people  there   is   no   debt   due   by   the  people to the license-holders, and  therefore there is no way of justifying any scheme which would  take   from   the   pockets   of   the  people money to give as compensation  to  the  license-holders.  It  is true that in recent months the  retail   liquor   holders���������many   of  them, perhaps the most of them���������  have  been  doing  business  at. a  loss,  but  it  cannot  be  disputed  that in the ten years since  the  province was erected the license-  holders   in   Saskatchewan   as   a  class   made   enormous   gains.   I  do not believe this statement will  To Help Those Who Lose  But if the  government could  find any practicable way to aid  and support and encourage the  hotel owners and managers during the period of dislocation and  readjustment  which   will  follow  the cancellation of the liquor licenses, we believe the way should  be  adopted  from   the  point  of  view  of the  public  convenience  in respect to hotel accommodation.   If without liquor in hotels  good accommodation could have  been ensured, many men for years  past would have said banish the  bar, who hesitated to say so for  fear their town, lacking the bar,  would have only discrediatble hotels or none at all.   Not to compensate -the license���������holders-but -  to  help  ensure  hotel  accommodation for the travelling public,  and thus safeguard a highly important factor in making the new  system without any retail sale of  liquors   successful   and   satisfactory,  the��������� government  would be  glad if any practicable method  could be seen to directly or indirectly aid the hotel owners. We  have been unable to see any such  method.   But I point out to the  agricultural  and, commercial  interests of the province that this  matter   of   hotel   accommodation  is  one  which  must not' be  lost  sight  of  nor  neglected -if  it is  the desire to have a province free  from the liquor bars.   Show that  good accommodation does not depend on the bars and I am satisfied that the people will never  want the  bars  restored.  The Cost of Operating Electric Household  Appliances is Merely Nominal  .   The following table of hourly costs has been prepared  with appliances such as we handle used for the test:  Coffee   Percolator  3V_ Cents per Hour  Electric   Grill  4 to 4V/2 cts. per hr.  Electric Iron  4 to 5 cents  per hour.  Electric Toaster  5 Cents per Hour  Electric Washer  3 Cents per Hour  N. B.���������The appliances are generally used, but a fraction  of an hour for cooking. The total cost for Iron and Washer  depends upon the amount of work to be done.  The   appliances  will   be   demonstrated   for  you   at   our  salesrooms.  B. C. ELECTRIC  Carrall & Hastings Sts.  1138 Granville St., near Davie \  THE WESTERN  GALL  Friday, April 9, 1915  H. H. STEVENS, M. P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203, KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B.C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  mt you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  THE WESTERN CALL  THE WESTERN CALL is not an echo of the  news of the past week. In a weekly of  this character there would be little judgment in giving a. rehash of the war news for instance, inasmuch as the readers of the Call are in  nearly every case readers of thedaily papers.'  Neither are the articles clippings of the1 other  papers. >X[J !l  In clipping articles there must be' either a  repetition of what has appeared in the papers of  the city, pr they must be clippings of papers of  other cities written to meet other conditions and  the activities of other localities, and so of no  great importance to this community.  The articles and leaders are chiefly written  for the Call, and deal with either world conditions in which all are equally interested, or with  vital conditions of our own city and neighborhood. ,.,."���������  At the present time the Call' is calling attention 'and trying to arouse attention to the Tax  Sale abuse which is the order of. the day in the  Fraser valley. In doing this the 6all is not  - following a party lead, for the present government is in no way answerable for the institution.  It is an inherited custom. But it is a custom  which should be abolished or at,least modified,  and we believe that when the demand by the  people for such modifications has called' the at  tention to it that the case deserves the present  government will remedy the evil.. We want to  strengthen thir hands to do this.  " Later we shall have something to say regarding the land registration procedure. In this we  have been and are subject to unnecessary hardships which were never intended, but which  have developed under the various- amendments  to the land titles act  Other questions of like interest we shall in  turn take up, and we hope to make the Call  increasingly helpful in getting'through reforms  which are badly needed and which only await  the touch of public interest to bring the necessary* changes into line.  Already the communications received regard*  ing the tax sale question show an awakening in*  terest in the question. Perhaps we should say  that they show a crystallization of interest  which the many feel and have long felt as individuals, but which has never been focussed  before. "~ _ - - ��������� -  Perhaps the outcome of the campaign will  be the formation of a property owners' association which will annually meet and formulate  representations to the government on such matters as require amendment.  The Call would be glad to act as the medium  for the formation of such an association:  Help the matter on by sending in your sub'  scription of one dollar for a year's issue of the  Call.  ���������    ���������    e  PATRIOTISM  , An interesting leading article in the educational supplement of the London Times discusses the subject of patriotism for children, and  what the children are to be taught at'the present  moment. It is not the duty of the teacher  to communicate his own moods, but there is, says  the writer, ''a patriotism that can be taught and  ought to be taught, a patriotism that, leads to  duty, not to boasting or hatred; and a teacher  can have a clear idea of this patriotism in his  mind and can present it to his pupils.  "The patriotism which is sane and modest,  and not the less passionate for that, is of. the  same nature as the love which we have for our  parents. It is, in, fact, a natural affection, and  we owe it, and the duty it imposes upon us, to  our country as to our parents. It is our duty to  protect our parents from want." "It is mere  vulgar egotism to believe that your country must  be the finest in the world because it is yours.  That cannot be true of every country and who  are you to judge among them all and give the  prize to your own? Pure unselfish love does  not insist upon excellence in its object; and the  more egotism there is in love, the less love there  is in it. ���������        ���������  '. .  "It is not a virtue' to think your country  right, if it happens to be wrong, or to harbor  any delusions about it whatever. It is a .virtue only to love your country for what it is and  in gratitude for what you owe to it, and to do  by it. as ���������you would by your parents/with love,  but not with egotistic pride.  "A country is like an individual; if it believes that it is perfectly wise and good to start  with, it is sure to-do many things that are  foolish and wicked. Its duty is to try to be wise  and good, and the duty of every member of.  it is to contribute as much wisdom and good  ness as he can to the whole, not to assume that  his country is a. perfect abstraction whieh needs  from him merely what little encouragement his  boasting and flattery can give it.'"'  Turkey seeks peace, and emphasizes its necessity by cutting the throats of Christian women  and children.' As well make peace with an unT  tamed tiger.  If the Victoria Cross is the fitting reward for  a soldier who risks his life to carry in one  wounded comrade under heavy fire, what is an  adequate decoration for the man who risks his  life fourteen times to carry in as many strangers? The French government has supplied the  answer. Private David Shields, Dundee, 1st  Black Watch, has been awarded the French Legion of Honor for carrying in fourteen French  wounded under heavy fire at Langemarke.  WHITE ROCK ITEMS  Mr. Wm. Rickard has about completed three  new eight room houses, on the waterfront, and  they add much to the appearance Of that part  of the Esplanade. X  The Mills have made a strong appeal for the  completion of the government wharf to deep water at low tide, At present the wharf can be  approached by boats of any size when the tide  is in. The loss to the mills of cargo orders  which cannot be filled without shipping facilities, is large. Five thousand dollars will complete the wharf to \be necessary depth of water.  The number of new faces met among the re  sidents of this all the year round'resort shows  the growing popularity of Jthe place. Not only  are the flowers in bloOm now, but they have  been so all the winter in the glorious sunshine of  that south slope.  The number of new faces met among the re-  ing is also a feature of encouragement in a time  like this, when the city itself has little movement in that  direction.  As a residential suburb White Rock's future is assured.  OBSERVATIONS  The visit of the Premier to the old country  at this time gives evidence of the interest of  the Premier in the matters of importance to the  province. >..       .  It is understood that he has gone to assist in  placing the bonds of the P. G. & E.  We wish him success in the attempt and think .  that the chance should be good notwithstanding  the war. i ,  But whether or not, it is not every mafr  who would' in the very period of an election,  drop everything to assist an enterprise through  a tight corner.  The  province  will  appreciate  this  sort  of.,  government aid.   It is as it should be. . X  ���������     '���������     V     #       ���������      #  The time when the contestants will hear the ,  crack of the signal, and will take up the running  is not yet set.   In Vancouver there are many  stripped and toeing the mark, waiting for the  signal to go.   It seems that it will be a sort of  a free for all race in Vancouver.  The latest announcement is that L. D. Tay*-  lor will run as an independent candidate.  Amid the many contestants for the honor the  solid six will have little to worry them.  ���������   ���������   ���������  , Volatile Joe and L. t>. Taylor appear to be  carrying on a kind of war oi their, own. Joe hqs  commenced proceedings again to unseat L. P..  and L. D's. suit against "Joe, is still pending, ty$;,  suppose. Well, the city will have.a little fun in  these dull times, we suppose, even though it is  in danger of having to pay the cost of another  election.  Well, it will take the place of the more expensive going \ to the "movies, the dimes  to do which are hard to find these days. Otherwise the city might elect to see the business  of the city go forward even though it do so in  not the best manner, or under the best guidance!  Someone is getting too much free advertising for  the good of Jhe community.    "~-  WHAT IS THERE BEFORE THE WORLD  AFTER THE WAR. IS OVER?  (Continued from Page 1)  this has been abolished many years., In spirit  it survived however. But now under the stress  of this great conflict it has passed like the hid-  ous dream of a night. The hew brotherhood  which has arisen among the various ranks, millions of whom are fighting and suffering together in Russia's great army, can never pass away  again. The value of the great peasant class-to  Russia is being demonstrated in this war as  never before and Russia will no,t forget.,  The passing of the government supplied intoxicants marks for Russia the greatest day iii  its history.   Thank God for a hew Russia.  France, also, has been.born again. It is not  so long ago since one of Britain's leading statesmen spoke pf France and-of Spain asV"dying  nations." That may have been then true. In''  fact it was true. But; France and Spain also,  has been born again. The^hew France promises  gloriously.  What of Germany?  Germany will have fallen. But as a people  the fall will be the finding of new life.  The beauty of Paris is the result of the destruction of Paris in the days of Napoleon.  Should, unfortunately London be destroyed in  this war it would give to London the opportunity of a resurrection: which would more than  repay any possible loss'she-might sustain. So  with Germany. The destruction, of the "Hohen-*  zollern obsession" will be. for her. the means of  healing, from the most deadly of mental diseases  Avhich appears to have effected the whole nation,  namely, paresis, or that; form of madness which  causes the patient to imagine himself the greatest person living, or even to be Almighty God.  - The destruction of the trade of Germany will  certainly mean the scattering of the manhood of .  Germany everywhere. It is to -be hoped that the,  lesson will have been welL learned by "them and;  that wiU be content to dwell as neighbors with,  the rest of the races.  - - s ownesew ja-^aa w  ���������    ���������' i������5r.������HKE?.Si35H������   swK'  4  _________K_____fc__Pii  <  :r      4|         4. '  ,s  '"   ��������� 4 r.  ' <X-..  '% ,  'V-.". ���������-._  '***������* ���������  <V'.r.  *<%  __H_H  X  vfci' ^d: *  POETION OF VANCOUVER WATERFRONT  The Empress of Bussia, shown on the lUght, is now an Auxiliary Cruiser on Duty in  the Orient.  COAST TEACHERS  HOLD CONVENTION  About six hundred teachers  from all parts of the province and  more particularly from the coast  cities, convened in this city this  Jjyeek. The teachers were officially welcomed by Mayor Taylor on  behalf of the city,.and Mr. F. A.  Welsh, on behalf of the school  board.  The sessions of the convention  were held in the King Edward  High School, and many notable  papers and addresses were heard.  One of the interesting features  was the statement made by Mr.  F. A. Welsh, chairman of the  Vancouver school board, who informed the .gathering that the  Vancouver" teachers would not  have to submit to any wage reduction during the year 1915, at  least. He pointed out that in  1893 the highest wage paid to  teachers was $125 per month in  the city, and only 15 were getting  over $90 per month, while now  several of the teachers were getting as high as $250 per month.  Mr. J. M. Campbell, of Victoria, vice-president of the institute, replied to the address of  welcome on behalf of the visitors.  Mr. R. Sparling, the president  oft the institute, gave a 'very interesting address on the moulding and Canadianizing of. these  great elements which help toj  make up the majority of the Canadian population. He pointed out  that the school was the greatest  institution in the Canadianizing I  and civilizing of these various  elements. In touching on the curriculum of the future, the speaker stated that in his opinion the  teaching of athletics would form  an important feature.  Dr. Alexander Robinson, superintendent of Education in British  Columbia, addressed the general  session, speaking on the subject  of Germany's attitude as demonstrated by the present war, into  which her policy and principle  had made her draw the nations  of - Europe. He described the  working and extensive prerogative of the govefnment, who controlled the universities, churches  and daily newspapers, and compelled these bodies and institutions to conform to its decrees.  He criticised American public  schools in his assertion that they  were Germanized, and, he saidKit  would not he long bef6re the entire educational system of the  States would be Teutonized.  Mrs. Josephine Preston, superintendent of Public Instruction for  the State of. Washington, gaVe an  interesting talk on "Educational  Movements of the Hour," in  which she describe'd the jGarry  Educational System of Indiana.'*  There tbe problem of street children had been solved by making  the hours for school from 8.15 to  5 p.m., during which time the pupils not only were taught by re-  gular instruction but also did  their studies under the supervision of tbe school authorities. The  motto was, "Educate all the  Children of all the people."  Mr. E. Campbell, of Victoria,  was elected by ballot to the posi  tion of treasurer of the institute.  A very interesting address by  Judge Howay of New Westminster on "The Fraser River From  1758 to 1858." and a select musical program under the direction of Mr. G. Hicks, assisted  by a cho^r of 100 children concluded a most interesting and  highly instructive convention.  IN GERMANY"  Monday  A rumor reached us late last night;  Our submarines have sunk at sight  A brace of British fishing smacks;  All  honor  to  our  German  '' Jacks.''  Tuesday  We learn today without "surprise  The "smacks" were of unusual size;  And we may safely now  assume  TWo merchantmen have met their doom.  Wednesday  The "merchantmen," our subs avow,  Seemed rather down about the bow;  This points to quite a  hefty haul;  No doubt their destiny was Gaul,  . Thursday  England in secrecy we learn  Regards her loss with grave concern;  She would not weep for fodder!   No!  poubtless. we laid two Transports low.  , FlWsy  An English regiment or two  Embarked last Sabbath on the blue;  And (this should make Herr Winston  wince)'  None of them has been heard of since.  gsturtay  Official   wires   confirm   this   fact;  Our gallant submarines attacked  And sank, last Sunday night at ten  Two   Transports "and   Five   Thousand  Men. 7  ���������Fronr London Punch.  1  Every map in tbe Community tHoiiW remember  tbat spending bis money in tbe district where be  does business is just that much more that be bas  a chance of getting back through the channels of  bis *xxvmhrV^ -yy-k^  Do you ever remember of making a sale to  ; >������������������������������������������������������"������������������ ���������='"���������������������������..���������:-���������    '".vxXX;Xv    -'V..   .Xx..'xxX- - ������������������ ,   XxX- 'xx. ...    :  that Printer ifBitdt East" to *vfi������m you sent your  last order for PRINTING ? tlnk it Over, and  remember, The Terminal City Press Ltd* has  employees, spending their money right in your  store every day.  .i -������  kit  Terminal  City Press  Ltd.  203-7 Kingsway  Phone: Fair. 1140  i  x  ���������IE??  sepajr^cc-^j. -.j*' /  ' -')  mmu?mmm  . -,  Friday, April 9, 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  $  Our Vancouver Kipling  ''7  "ALL'S WELL'  "With a nor'east wind, and the ice cold spray  Biting hard at his rugged face,  "He stands at his post in the middle watch  Straining eyes o'er the blackened space,  Not a light is seen, nor a sound is heard  Save the strike once again of the bell,  Then his voice rings out as he turns to the bridge  With the cheerful words���������"All's Well."  II.  He can see the sweet face of the wife he loves  Rising out of the storm-tossed sea,  And he hears the lisped "dad" of the baby girl  In the wind that is blowing free.  He fancied that someone kissed his cheek,  But 'twas only the spray that fell  One���������two���������struck the bell, he was back once more  And he shouted again-X'All's Well."  III.  He rubbed his hands, for 'twas mighty cold  Bent his eyes again o'er the foam, '  The twinkling stare seemed to lead him on  To the door of his childhood's home,  His grey-haired old mother sat there alone  But her God was of some avail,  For the trust of her boy was in Him alone  As he shouted again���������"All's Well."  IV.  The light crept again o'er the eastern sky,  And he gazed on the great grand fleet,  Silently watching, grim and grey,  Awaiting the foe to meet,  He was back once again on the raging main  In the service that ne'er will fail,  And he drew a deep sigh of content and cried,  As the bell struck again���������"All's Well."  o ���������W. A. ELLIS. -  HEATING *onoX?Mrency'  . Our Business his l>eei built up t>v merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating engineers,  1088 Homer St. Sey. 661  The  Telephone  x    "jhe Advance Agent of        )  COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE  Forms a closer-union of Home,  Business and Friends.  fIFor a lithited time. Business or  Residence Telephones /w$l be in-  :',-.'.       '..        .. ~\Ji������������������ x'. X' .   J"<X ��������� .������������������ '���������    ������������������  stalled   upon  payment   of   $5.00  Rental in adv&nee. x;?vxx  <J For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  B G. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  -?c.  :������  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Braes Goods, Water Meters,  *��������������������������������������������� Lead Pipe,Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.    >  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  AN UNEMPLOYED MOB  ALMOST CAUSES RIOT  For a time Tuesday evening  the problem of the unemployed  threatened to assume a' serious  phase. Rioting was perhaps  ia verted by the prompt action of  the police department. As ifrwas,  three plate-glass windows on Hastings street were broken by a  mob as they surged along the  street, two fruit stands were raided and about $40 worth of fruit  confiscated in each stand, and  one cigar stand at the Traveller's  Hotel was relieved of about forty  cigars. ��������� Gus Erickson, Tony Valentine, Sam Pushoff, Frank En-  strom are in the city goal under, a  vagrancy charge, and A. Batth-  toni is under arrest charged with  malicious damage to property.  The trouble began when some  fifteen hundred men left the  grounds adjacent to the city relief department at the corner of  Pender and Hastings streets,  where they had been waiting all  day for information as to whether  or not they could expect further  relief work. .. -  About 7 o'clock they left .the  corner of Pender and Cambie oh  being told that no definite information could be given that night.  They made their way along Hastings street and down toward the  White Lunch at 124 Hastings St.  West. Here they jostled in front  of the restaurant and something  was hurled against the large  plate-glass window, wrecking it.  From there they crossed to a  fruit stand at the corner of Abbott and Hastings streets and  made a raid on the apples and  oranges. The proprietor estimated his loss at $40.  Officers^of. the police department toolt~ two of the men in  charge, and were detaining them  awaiting the arrival of the police  patrol. Apples and oranges  i were hurled at the officers as they  , stood in front of- a store at 71 Hastings street west. Under the  bombardment the constables took  refuge inside the store_with their  prisoners. The window, in this  store was smashed by the flying  fruit. Others of the jnen made a  raid on the cigar store in front of  the Traveller's Hotel at 320 Abbot street. One of the windows  in the P. Burns & Company's  store near the B. C. Electric Railway depot, was cracked.  Around the corner at 339 Carrall street a small fruit stand was  raided and fruit to the value of  about $35 was taken. Meanwhile  the police were doing effective  work in rounding up the ringleaders of the disturbance. Reserves were called in from the  outlying sub-stations and the  mounted men were hurriedly summoned. In all twenty-four extra  constables soon arrived on the  scene. The mounted men kept  the.mob on the move and-prevented more serious outbreaks.  After the arrests had been made  the crowd followed the police  patrol along Hastings street and  congregated at the alley leading  to the police station. In the  neighborhood of Carrall and Hastings the* extra police officers in  charge of (Acting Sergeant McLeod succeeded in keeping the  men in control. A rain storm in  a short time after the trouble  put a damper on the outbreak.  When the relief work was stopped   the   men   gathered  to   the  number of about two thousand,  and the miniature riot was the  outcome.   Meantime     the     city  'council are doing their best to  ! find some form of relief for the  'unemployed.  PRESBYTERIAN SYNOD  CONVENES IN VANCOUVER  The annual synod meeting of  the Presbyterian church of British Columbia was ' held in St.  John'8 church, Vancouver, on  Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of this .week. Delegates were  present from all over the province  and the annual function was highly succesful. The retiring moderator, Rev. A. D. MacRae, of  Victoria, opened the proceedings  on Tuesday afternoon, and the  new moderator, Rev. R. J. Douglas, of Vancouver, was appointed,  and presided during the sessions.  The annual report showed a  satisfactory state of affairs. The  total number of Presbyterian ministers and missionaries in the province at present was 176... Of this  number 76 had pastoral charges,  36 - were ordained, 64 were missionaries and students. The report showed that there were 3802  single persons belonging to the  church and 11,034 families in the  synod.. A substantial increase in  the number of Sunday school  workers - and attendants was  shown, there now being an increase of 1155 over last year.  Many more communicants are  now shown on the rolls than in  previous years.  The financial report stated that  the congregations in British Columbia paid $130,027 in salaries  during the year just closed,, re-  /p resenting an increase of $14,-  242. The women's missionary societies raised approximately $10,-  000j an increase of $3,000. A  similar increase was shown. by  the Sunday Schools, Bible and  Young People's Societies. A decrease of $766 occurred in the  funds for missionary and bene  volent purposes. A grand total  of $362,730 was raised* for all  purposes, representing a decrease  of $25,000 compared with previous years. The value of the  church properties in the province  was;$iown at $1,628,408, with a  debt'on church buildings of. $314,-  453.'  At the opening of the session  the moderator announced that it  had hitherto been the custom to  devote a portion of the evening  discussion to home and foreign  mission matters, ahd as it was  the hundredth anniversary of the  birth of Rev. John Geddie, the  first missionary sent to a foreign  field by a colonial church, it was  fitting' that some-phases  of his  life should be sketched.  : Rev. Mr. Clay, of Victoria, gave  a brief outline of the life and  work of Mr. Geddie, which was  supplemented by Rev. El Leslie  pidgeon, who spoke of the home  Influence which should be brought  to bear upon children, and quoted the dedication of Mr. Geddie  to the foreign missionary service  by his parents as an instance of  such influence.  Capt. James Logan told of a  tour made by him through the  New-Hebrides amid the scenes of  the labors of the Rev. Geddie,  and quoted an epitaph found in  one of the missionary churches  there, to the effect that when  John Geddie landed there were no  christians, but that at his death  iii 1872 there were no heathen.  Rev. Mr. Pilkey, representing  the Cariboo Presbytery, 4ih telling  of conditions in his district, expressed the opinion that it was  high time that a policy should be  adopted which would result in  people settling on these lands so  that the older portions of the province instead of importing the  millions of dollars' worth of foodstuffs they do now might get  their potatoes, oats, barley and  vegetables from within their own  borders. There, were some - pre-  emptors and there was lots of  land yet for the pre-einptors,^ but  the curse of. the country was the  purchased land, land best situated, which had been gobbled up  and held for speculation. He  expressed the hope tnat the people  of British Columbia would wake  up before t' f-y found that their  b.'rtiirstflit J id l������:������n s,cid and that  llioy l>:i\i- i.o; c'wn gor in exchange for it the mess of pottage.  These lands, he said, had been  purchased by people who had  never seen the country and probably never would.  Rev..J. S. Henderson, secretary  for social service, presented a resolution calling for the enactment  of legislation which would completely suppress the liquor traf-  fic,and also one against the system of racetrack gambling.  .  He spoke of2the "legalized, organized vice" in"British Columbia, and said the times demanded that honest and ^ood men  should be placed in the provincial government.  1 A resolution expressing, appreciation of the work of. Miy, Gordon, the provincial censor of, Bloving picture films and gratification  at the government's determination to continue him in that office  was carried unanimously, .^reference being made to what was described as an attempt alL over the  Dominion to remove individual  censorship and substitute a committee.  Reference was made to the excellent work being done in  baseball and lacrosse grounds,  way of athletic organizations, es-  baseball etaoinupjpunjpunnujpju  tablishment of tennis courts,  the different presbyterias in the  Boy Scout and Girl Guide detachments and Boys1 Brigades.  Ttt-B8B, BSOTOA.TXOVS  Governing Timber on Dominion lands  in Manitoba. Saskatchewan; Alberta, the  North West Territories, the Railway  Belt in the Province of British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres Located by the Dominion-  in the Peace River District ln British  Columbia.  A license to cut timber on a tract not  exceeding twenty-five square miles ln  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of |6.00 per square  mile, per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Yale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of  5 cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section 20 of the  regulations.  Timber Verialta and Sum  Permits may be granted in the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile in extent, on payment of dues at  the rate of 50 cents per thousand feet.  B.M., and subject to payment of rental  at the rate of $100 per square mile, pe"  annum.  Timber for Xoa_Mtmdtm  Any occupant of a homestead quartet-  section having no timber of his own  suitable for the purpose may, provided  he' has not previously been granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut the quantity of building and  fencing timber set out in Section 61 of  the Regulations.  W. W. CORT.  Deputy of the Minister of the Interior.  Mr. W.' H. Snell, general'agent  of the passenger department of.  the C. P. R. at New York, has  been appointed to succeed the  late William Stitt as general passenger agent of eastern lines at  Montreal. Mr. Snell, who is,a  native of Montreal, joined the C.  P. R. as clerk to the treasurer in  1890. In 1900 be became eastern  passenger agent at New Yorkand  last year was promoted to gener-  mona or co*&  ma������vs*k\vtoma  Coal mining rights of the'Dominion,  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Albenta,  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and In a portln of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term of twenty-one years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  25t������9 acres will*be leased to one appll- >  cant  Application for a lease muse be made  by the appVcant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district In which  the rights applied for are situated.'  . In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and ln unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Bach application must be accompanied by a fee of $5, which will be refunded if the rights applied for are not  available, but not otherwise. A. royalty shall be paid on the merchantable out- ���������  put of the mine at the rate of 6 cents  per ton. f  The person operating the mine ahall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of mer--  chantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the eoal mining rights -  are. not being operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a yew.  The Jease will Include tbe eoal mining  rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the. working of the mine at ths  rate of tio.vt an sere.  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior. Dttawt- or to  any, .Agent or 8u^-Agent -#t Dominion,  Lands.  W. W. CORT,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  NT.' B.���������Unauthorised publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  al agent in New York.  WASHINGTON. D.C.  Phone: Sey; 8942.  1101 Dominion Building.  TMMMTl M04HC  THE HOUSE OF AMERICAN IDEALS  HOTEL POWHATAN  X *    .y:;X/:vi* ������������������'������������������';  NEW.   HREPROOF. EUROPEAN.  RESTFUL       REFINED.  Rooms with detached balk,  Rooms with prints beta,  BeeUet A Map es rcqaett.  REASONABLE  $1.50 per dar ������P  $2.00 per day so  MlHtNOTON  B. C. OWEN  Manager  "ROUGH OK EATS" clears out  rats, mice, etc. Don't die in the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. t.f.  Phone Seymour 9086  Are you a Spender ?  If so, do you realize the fact that  you are throwing away the bricks  with which you should be building  your  future?   It's  worth   considering!  Start  a  Deposit  Account With  TJs  4 per cent,  interest  on   deposits,  subject   to   cheque   credited   monthly.  References: Dunn's, Bradstreets or any  reliable Financial Institution, in Vancouver.  Dow, fraser Trust Co.  122  Hastings  Street  West  and  McKay Station, Burnaby  LAND ACT  New  Westminster  Land   District,  District of Texada Island.  TAKE NOTCE that I, Joseph Astley,  of Vancouver, occupation engineer,  intend to apply for permission to lease  the following described foreshore for  docking purposes: . Commencing at a  post planted about one and a half  miles from the southern point (on the  east side) of Texada Island, jthence  following the shore line in a northwesterly direction to the head of an  unnamed bay (henceforth to be known  as Astley .Bay), thence following the  shore line around the bay to the east  side, thence south-east for about 750  feet.  Dated  January  20th,  1915.  JOSEPH  ASTLEY.  Tie Mt.  PlMMOt  PKYG00DS  HOUSE  New Dress Goods and-Suitings,  Per yard 75c to $2.50  NEW   SILKS,   FANCY,- FOE  WAISTS  OE  TOJWWNOS  New Silk Poplin, newest shades  dress length   $7.50  NEW   SPRING   MODELS   IN  COSSETS  Made in Canada  Prices, pair  $1.00 to $5.00  Black and White Check Dress  Goods, per yd ... 60c to |2.00  Big Boot Bargains  Men's Boots, reg. $5.00 to $6.00  Now  ..$2.95  Women's Boots, sizes 6. 6% and  ���������7 only, Kid, Suede and Gun-  inetal ,��������� either button or lace.  Reg.   $5.00  and  $5.50,  now,  per  pair   ............:..$2.95  Men's Working Boots, how $1.95  Misses' Boots, 11 to 2, now $1.98  New Frillings and Neckwear, new  Kid Gloves. Special value in  hosiery.  F. A. Bingham  Corner 8th and Maim  tll  1 i'l THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 9, 1915. .  GASOLINE TRACTOR X ��������� i  IS LOSING FAVOR  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fmlrmont B4JB  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  U. S. JOURNAL CONTRASTS  ACTION IN STEAMER CASES  Under the heading ''Laughing  Outcome," the "American Railway and Marine News," published at Seattle, Wash., has the following to say regarding the Da-  cia case, and the case of. President  Wilson and his advisers:  "The French foreign office has  decided to pay the' owners for  cthe cargo of cotton on the German steamship Dacia, which  steamship had changed her registry in the United States and  sailed from Galveston under that  flag. The vessel is now in a  French port and will go through  the prize court according to  French law, which is in line with  international law bearing on the  subject.  "This practically ends the Dacia case, and in writing the epitaph it might be said that nothing has happened during this  war  to, put  the  United  States  Diplomatic Corps and the administration   in   a   more   ridiculous  light.   From the very first    the  jingo press and tbe administration photographs at Washington  were loud in their claims as to  what this country would do if  England should seize the Dacia,  but the United Kingdom, schooled in  diplomatic  and shipping  law, telephoned over to France  and   passed   the   buck   to   that  nation, which had not been sub-'  ject   to   any   of   the   criticism.  : France calmly  acquiesced,  took  the Dacia and made the United  States   officials  and  newspapers  which   had   voiced  their   sentk  ments the laughing stock of the  world.   '_   _   _____ /     _    "When one compares the terrific onslaught hurled against the  United Kingdom, following the  first announcement of the Dacia  case ,all of which was unfair, the  Allies being well within their  rights, with the calm, and polite,  ladylike manner in which the U.  S. Administration accepted the  piratical destruction of the bona  fide American ship William P.  Frye by the German cruiser  Prinz Eitel, one naturally begins to speculate as to whether^  or not there is any real patriotism or fairniindedness left among  the cheap politicians of this country. X XX; -  "On the one hand, we have the  German ship Dacia, sailing under  a subterfuge or false colors, and  the Allies, acting well within  their rights probably, taking her  into a prize court, causing hostile  words directed exclusively against  Great Britain, with the upshot  that France takes the aggressive  and the matter is dropped.  "On the other hand, we have a  German warship, without any excuse whatever, disregarding all  rules of international law and  warfare, scuttling a bona fide  United States ship, not a ~~ disguised United States ship, nor  one sailing under false colors, but  one that has been built and has  forever been operated under  American registry, and was carrying a non-contraband cargo.  The piratical German who sinks  this ship is feted and dined at  Norfolk and given a seat of  honor at the launching of the su-  perdreadnought Pennsylvania. Jh  reading the exchanges: we fail to  find any reference that this country avenged the insult; but two  months before, when the Dacia  case was) first up, the talk was  all for avenging a mythical insult upon: Great Britain, wbic|i insult Great Britain never offered;  Saskatchewan farmers are apparently coming to the conclusion  that gasoline traction power is  less economical than was thought.  The. Hon. W. R. Motherwell recently stated that the Saskatchewan investment Company had  discarded the six large engines  they had in use at Meringo, in  favor of oxen, although .160 oxen  were required to do,the work. At  the Horse Breeders' Convention  held in Regina last week, the secretary reported that the craze for  gasoline engines was dying out,  and that the use of horses was  being reverted to. The result is  that mixed farming in Saskatchewan has received a considerable  impetus.  LETTER FROM FRONT  Extracts   from   a   Letter   from  V Douglas M. Johnstone, Qr. Mr.  Sgt., 72nd Highlanders of Canada.  KAISER NEARLY  CAPTURED BY HUSSARS  and when the identical 'insult-  was extended \ay polite France, I out oij the ridge saw two of them  The following account of how  the Tenth Hussars nearly succeeded in capturing the Kaiser has  been given by an officer of that  regiment:  "On Christinas eve we occupied Boiselle and the Germans  fell back to Betincourt, where the  Kaiser arrived that evening.  About 10 o'clock that night we  learned that the Kaiser and his  staff intended to proceed at 7  o'clock the next morning to the  headquarters of. General von  Mauben, at a village a few miles  south of Cambrai. Our information was that the Kaiser would  take the road going west to Cambrai, which would bring him to  a point some six miles east of  Boiselle. At this point the road  lay below a long grass ridge. If  we rode out concealed ourselves  behind the ridge there was, if our  information was correct, a good  chance of our being able to capture fthe Emperor. We determined at all events to make the attempt.';".  Peasant's Treachery  "Accordingly, Major Blackwood; two other .officers and myself with 500 men left Boiselle  at 5 o 'clock fc.m. and reaching  the ridge van hour later. We stak  tioned 3 men on the ridge to signal us'the approach of the Kaiser.  Half an hour a troop of Uhlans  came along the road, and 'then  one of our men on the ridge saw  some signs been made fro'm a  cottage near the roadway, occup  ied by a French peasant. We  knew what that meant. It was  one of the unfortunate incidents  that have occurred fairly too often in this war.' We shot the  peasant later in the day. v It  was obvious; of course; that our  presence behind the ridge had  been communicated to the German cavalry troop, and our look  the whole United States jingo  crowd shut up like a clam. The  unfairness of it ail, tbe cowardice  and meanness of spirit is pitiable.  Can it: be vpoMble that the  fact that there is such a thing as  a German-American vote and  there is not an Anglo-American  vote be the cause of the administration's method of forever  blaming the United Kingdom and  over-imagining affronts, while  whitewashing Germany following  the piratical and unlawful acts  of that country?"  THE WAR TAX  A war tax of one cent has been  imposed on each letter and postcard mailed in Canada for delivery in Canada, the United States  or Mexico, and on each letter  mailed for delivery in the United  Kingdom and British possessions  generally, and wherever the two  cent rate applies, to become effective on and from the 15th April,  1915.  This War Tax to be prepaid by  the senders by means of a War  Stamp for sale by Postmasters  and other postage stamps vendors.  Whenever possible, stamps on  which the word "War Tax" have  been printed should be used for  prepayment of the War Tax, but  should ordinary postage be used  for this purpose, they will be  accepted.  This War Stamp or additional  Stamp for war purposes should  be affixed to the upper right  hand portion of the address side  of the enevolpe or post card, close  to the regular postage so that it  may be readily cancelled at the  same time as the postage.  In the event of failure on the  part of the sender through over-  gallop   back,  went on.  while   the   others  sight or negligence to prepay the  war tax on each letter or postcard above specified, such a letter  or postcard will be sent immediately to the nearest Branch Dead  Letter Office.  It is essential that postage on  all classes of mail matter should  be prepaid by means of ordinary  postage stamps. The War Tax  stamp will be accepted in any  case for the prepayment of postage.  "There was, however, still a  chance that we might capture the  Kaiser=:iatiavpoint_twou���������inilesVfurther south, where the road to  Cambrai forks east and west, for  it was not certain that the Kaiser,  if he made the journey at all,  would take the road going east,  which would bring him some two  miles behind his own trenches,  but which would lengthen his  journey to von Mauber's head  quarters about four miles. It  was, of cOurse, to avoid this long  detour that the Emperor had selected to take the road going west  of Cambrai.  '' The SteelUead," the Great Game  Trout that comes out of the ocean,  is the subject of an article by the  well known writer Bonnycastle Dale, in  the April issue of Bod and Gun in  Canada, published by W. J. Taylor,  Limited, Woodstock, Ont. "The Wise  Fish," by Wilfrid Hubbard, is a humorous ichthyological dialogue in which  Sol Pike, Jerry Minnow," Bill Tench,  Peter Perch, Johnny Roach, Tim Gudgeon, Jimmy Grayling and others of  their ilk take part. The Forest Fire  Problem in Algonquin Park is dealt  with by W. L. Wise and the fishing  department and Guns and Ammunition  Department are of special interest this  month. In addition. to those named  there are many other stories and articles of interest to readers of an outdoor  magazine.  For Sale or For Rent Cards, 10c Each  AT  WESTERN   CALL   OFFICE  "If. we were going to succeed  at all, we should have to gallop hard to reach the forks of the  roads before the Emperor passed,  which he would probably do before eight. We had only fifteen  minutes in which to. cover the'  two miles, and the going was very  rough, but we tried it.  "It was the most exciting gallop I have had since the war  broke,out. When we were.within about 400 yards of the fork,  in the grey of the morning light,  we saw a motor car come down  rushing along the road leading  from Betincourt to where the road  forked.and with our glasses we  could easily recognize the Kaiser  in it, with three other officers.  The car disappeared along the  eastern .road in an instant.  "We were just a minute too  late. But Ave did not return  quite empty-handed to Boiselle.  We were in time to cut off the  two cars following the Kaiser's  and made three of his staff and  two servants prisoners and captured a pile of the royal luggage.  We could not bring the latter  back with us, so we destroyed it  by setting it all on fire with  the petrol from the cars. We retained two despatch cases, which  contained valuable papers and  correspondence.  Our readers will be deeply interested in the following extracts from a. letter written by  Qr. Mr. Sergt. Douglas M.  Johnstone, of Mount Pleasant,  who is serving tlie call of the  Empire in the trenches of France  with the First Canadian contingent: "���������'.'���������-.  France, Mar. 13th, 1915.  Since last writing, <we have  been shifted about to several new  locations, usually at very short  notice, ahd at present we are just  in:the thick of the fighting. The  firing line is about 2,000 yards  from where we are, and the German shells are continually dropping all around us. This a.m. 3  Jack Johnsons stuck about 400  yards from us, but fortunately  they do very little harm, and I  think our batteries must have silenced the gun which sent them,  as we have heard no more from  it.  There are about eight of our  batteries stationed in this locality; Ones in our back yard���������64  pounders, and the continuous firing makes one quite drowsy by  day, and also, prevents sleeping  at night." It is one continuous'  roar and trembling of. the ground.  About two weeks ago I had  my first experience of being uut  der fire. The night we took our  places in the trenches in company  with a certain regiment of Scottish regulars, which has won great  fame here, was the most beautiful  evening I ever saw. It was a  Sunday, quite mild, with the  moon up and not a cloud in .the  sky. You could easily have read  a paper. The great stillness  made me think of the Almighty  power, and also what a strange  thing it was with all the surrounding cialm; that within a radius of 1200 yards there were  thousands of men ready to go at  each other with hearts full of revenge and hatred.  As we were going into the  trenches the enemy opene fire on  us with their Maxims, hut luckily  no one was hit. The trench we  were in was not a very good one,  but the adjoining one was better,  being well supplied with dug Outs  and other protection. The mud  is terrible, but we are used to it  by now. We have some very  exciting aircraft fights in our  vicinity, our men generally having the best of it.  Part of my duty is to see that  provisions are taken to the men  in the trenches, no mean job, as  everything has to be put in sacks  a^d carried away in the darkness.  We are always fired on when going inv and if we could only see  something to shoot back at we  Would feel very much better, but  we just have to stand and listen  tov4he bullets whistlingV through  the air. Luckily none of us on  this duty have been hit yet.  This morning11 had a narrow  escape when a shrapnel shell burst  about 70 feet over my head, and  I cannot understand how I escaped, as the bullets and frag:  ments dropped all around meXI  was in the act of picking up  pieces of the shell when two  more burst overhead, so I continued my journey down the road  at a quick step. Nice sensation!  You can hear the shell coming,  but you don't know where it is  going to burst. It is no good  running, so the only thing to do  is to keep right along on your  course and trust to luck. This  evening as I passed the place  again I found a piece of the  shell, which I am keeping as a  Don't Procrastinate���������Plant Soon.  The British Columbia Apples, in a world competition, captured the  Gold Medal Prize. This means, that the B. C. orchards will, lead the world.  A  word  to  the wise   is   sufficient.  'We  are  offering choice varieties  of our  one  year  old  apple  tree  stocl  at Ten Dollars per 100; two  and  three year old stock reduced accordingly.!  Our other fruit tree stock and general nursery stock we ,give 30 per' cent: :voflM  catalogue price, allowed in additional stock.   Cash to accompany order.  In our stock  of oyer ,$100,000 we have everything-you want to  make  your orchards  greater  and your . gardens  more beautiful.   Catalogues  mailed   A  free on application. ' VJtV'&j  Patronize home growers, and build up a home pay roll.   .  ROYAL NURSERIES, LIMITED  Head Office, 710 Dominion Bldg., 207 Hastings St. W. Pbone, Sey. 5556  Store, 2410 Granville St., Phone, Bay. 1926  Nurseries and Greenhouses, Boyal, on tbe B. O. E. By. Eburne Branch,    t  Phone, Eburne 43 X  souvenir.  To-night a terrific' bombardment is, going on about ten miles  from here, so I suppose you will  soon be hearing of another evicr  tory  by  our  comrades.  My company, up to the present, hasVto^ and eight  wounded.,- They have been holding a dangerous part of the line,  and. certainly have done well.  We all feel the loss of our com  rades very much,'but will have  to put up with it, for it is nothing but what -we must expect.  During thirty hours^ pf my first  spell in the trenches I saw only  two . Germans; but I am sure I  was seen several times, judging  from the number of bullets that  came my way. . Our battalion has  had three spells in the first line  trenches -up to the present, one  day instructional with the regulars, three days by ourselves, and  after three days' rest in again  for four days. So you see I am  having all the excitement one requires just now. XX  'A  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Hanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsotnining  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B.C.  THAT NEW STORE  LEE BUILDING 169 BROADWAY E.  A complete line of Old Country Newspapers, also the leading   Eastern   Canadian   and   American   Papers.  Free  Delivery   Seattle   Sunday   Papers '/  ���������Magazines���������  ������  W. Calder  F. Chapman  Office Telephone: Sey.  5983  5934  Merchants Cartage Co.  EXPRESS, TRUCK AND DRAY  Orders by Mail or Telephone Promptly Attended to.  Feed and Sales Stable.: 146   Water  Street  716 Cambie Street      Phone Sey. 3073 VANCOUVER, B. C.  Children Like ShellyY  4X Bread  IT'S GOOD FOR THEM  Hungry children prefer a slice of clean, delicious  ������Xv Bread to cake or sweets. And it's excellent  noimsbing (Qualities, given by Canada's Best Wheat,  makes it the best food they can get.  "X   '   .  '���������    ���������'. ������������������ ���������.-���������;' '���������'��������� X '?' ��������� ._���������-.'  ���������      t-,'X 's(. ��������� */��������� ���������       ��������� '    ,    ... ��������� '"���������   ' ���������' ''"���������'���������  Phone: Fair. 44 or at all Grocer*  AT HOME  iVT THE CLUB *  AT THE HOTEL  Ask for  >>m->  The Health-Giving  Natural^ Mineral Water  Ref use Substitutes  THE HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY  SOLE  IMPORTERS <      '.'j.  -Friday, April 9, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  Jt  SPORTING COMMENT  i The annual meeting of the Vancouver Amateur Lacrosse Association will he held to-night (Friday)  in the Y.M.C.A.  ���������   *   ���������  Brampton has challenged again  for the Mann cup, this time they  may play in Calgary, and maybe  not.  *,   *   *-  ��������� The semi-finalV Of. the Charity  Cup competition between Cedar  Cottage and Grandview will be  played on Cambie street grounds  Saturday afternoon at 2 o'clock.  Lachapelle, of the Montreal  Nationals, who played on the  coast for the cup several seasons  ago, has enlisted and is going to  the front with the third contingent.  t ��������� m    ���������  The annual meeting of the  British Columbia Football Association -will be held on Saturday  next in Victoria. Coquitlam and  Victoria will battle for possession  of the McBride Shield on the  same day.  The tournament dates of the  North Pacific International Lawn  Tennis Association have been announced. The British Columbia  mainland championships will he  hold at Vancouver July? 19-24 inclusive and the British Columbia  July 26'31 inclusive.  Bob Brown, the Beaver boss, is  l  all smiles  over his  recruits  for  \ this year.   The weather man has  lN been hoodooing the  Beavers  in  their training to date, but with  the lineup of'players Brown has  gathered about him, Vancouver  looks   like   a   pennant   winning  team again'this season.  ~*T'   ���������  ���������y  i ii  t  What is the ^-matter with the  School '���������. League, lacrosse teams f  If the game is ever to regain its  popularityithroughout the Dominion, the -public school is most  assuredly the training ground.  Some of the lacrosse lovers in  this city would be on the right  track "if they interested themselves in the activities of the youngsters who spend their spare time  on the vacant lots in this' neighborhood and interest theni in this  great."game.;" ;X JJJ X��������� '���������'.  J- . '���������"��������� ���������������:..*. J-  Jt is fitting t������ comment that  in the withdrawal Of the New  Westminster team from lacrosse  there passes one of the most effective lacrosse machines Canada has  ever seen. The Salmonbellies  Haye! held the cup for six years,  Varidfif the lacrosse fans of, the  Fraser river town were as ehthusr  iastic as of yore, there is ho rea*  son to suppose that the mug would  move for several seasons to come,  for while the boys are all veterans at the .game now, there is  much good lacrosse in them yet.  Suspension for one year and  one month was the heavy punishment handed to Smith of the Cedar Cottage Rangers by the executive of the B. C. Football Association for striking a referee on  the field. The offence" is a serious one. Discipline on the field  of sport is equally as necessary as  in the public school, and the loss  of this player's services to his  club ought to be an object lesson  for other teams, some of whose  members are prone to resort to  rowdy tactics while playing the  game.  Lacrosse is likely to boom on  the, coast this summer if the  plans of the promoters mature.  For some time negotiations have  been in progress between Con  Jones, representing the Vancouver team, and Boss Johnson, of  the Victoria team, for the formation of a two-team; league  comprising Victoria and Vancouver. At the meeting held in the  capital last week, the move took  definite form in the formation of  the Western Canada Lacrosse  League. It is the intention to  communicate with the Minto Cup  trustees asking them to put the  cup up for competition, and this  is likely to be complied with, as  Tumour has it that the eastern  league will be a defunct organization this year. Victoria will  he strengthened by a number of  the Westminster team, and it  will be like old times to see How  ard and Lalonde playing the cat  and mouse game on the green  sward.  of lacrosse is too well known to  have his motives misunderstood.  In the west there is a tremendous  laxity regarding amateur sport,  and it is a time for stocktaking  in this respect.  *    *.   *  The basketball tournament  run off at the Y. M. C. A.  last week-end resulted in New  Westminster Y.M.C.A. winning  the provincial honors In the 116  -lb. class., King Edward High  School of Vancouver in the 125-  lb. class, and Vancouver Y.M.C.A.  in the 135-lb. class. The finals  were witnessed by a large crowd  of spectators and much splendid  work was seen. Crescents, of Mt.  Pleasant church, battled against  Westminster in the first game,  and lost out by a large score.  Grandview high school had the  edge on King Edward High  school most of the second game,  but an eleventh hour- rally put  the latter in the lead which they  managed to hold until the close.  In the third game, Victoria, high  school were completely outclassed by Vancouver intermediate  Y. team. There was nothing to  the game but a sure win for the  latter, who played brilliant and  effective basket ball throughout.  At the close' Prof. WesbroOk, of  the B. C. University, presented  the shields presented by the Vancouver Y.M.C.A. to the winners.  THE BLACK CHAMPION  MEETS DEFEAT  Many followers of pugilism were  interested in the outcome of the  meeting of Johnson and Willard  on Monday-last in Havana, Cuba.  Of recent years there has developed a strong prejudice against  the black champion, Jack Johnson, for various reasons. His  method of life, his violation of  the recognized laws of decency  and his vulgar flaunting of challenges far and wide had their ef-  FIGHT AGAINST  LIQUOR TRAFFIC  WAB  AND   ALCOHOL  The very deepest tragedy of the  war is that so many hundreds of  thousands of Britain's best breed,  the young, the virile^ the fit, are  marched out to wounding and  death, while a percentage of the  next generation of Britons, greater than ever before in British history, will be bred by the undersized, the unheroic, the unnerved,  who will breed after their kind  their handicapped and thewless  progeny. War will kill the fit.  The unfit will survive and their  children will be made still more  unfit by the liquor habits which  destroyed their parents. War will  slay its thousands, but alcohol its  tens of thousands.  V   ���������    ���������    ���������  FORGING AHEAD  The United States is going  '' dry "at a rate that is surprising among even the most ardent  advocates of prohibition. A year  ago there were nine prohibition  states in the union; today there  are eighteen, the number having:  exactly doubled in a single year;  but this is only the beginning.  Ohio and South Carolina toD  vote oh state wide prohibition  this year, and it has already been  settled that eight, Carolina, Mor  ida, Kentucky, Nebraska, Montana, South "Dakotay Vermont and  Utah will vote in 1916, while  prohibition; bills; are now pending  in the legislatures^ of five other  states, Delaware, New Hampshire,  New Mexico, Maryland and In-  "dianas At the'present tirae over  half the population of the United States lives where liquor. is  not legally sold, and the "dry"  territory comprises eighty-five  per cent, of the land area. There  are in the union only seven states  which have no  local  option  or  There is a great fuss being  made in amateur lacrosse circles  over the Mann cup. Trustee Lally  says it must go to Calgary, and  the amateur lacrosse bodies of.  the Dominion say Vancouver. The  outcome^ will likely be the discarding ~of the mug as an amateur trophy altogether. The case  has aroused much interest in all  the Dominion, buj? spe^ung with  a. knowledge of condiipff pn this  end of the line, it shbui������l prove/  an object, lesson to the V. A. C.  and kindred organizations that  no halfway amateur methods be  allowed to creep into supposedly  simon pure ranks. There is ho  doubt that Lally has some ground  for his present actions. His reputation is at stake, and his position^ in: Canada as a promoter  feet in public disapproval and it  is no wonder that the world I pVohfoitioTw "The remainder  was ^sentimentally against him. of the 8tftt excluding those  Anyhow the great pugdom event which have alpeady adop8ted pro  hibition, are more than half  "dry" already by county and  municipal local option���������Montreal  Witness.  happened on Monday last, and  after twenty-five rounds of furious milling, mostly in favor of  the negro, the black man took  the count unexpectedly. The  long sought laurels of the white  pugilists have been gained by  Jess Willard and the world hails  him in that respect. At any rate  the black man died game and  withknki passing from th^Muar-  ed ar���������aia.v th$'���������*}. goes or ^l the  eV^rest scrppers tb^^^/d has  fairer seen, '/ie new cSampion will  f itt>~ doubt be besieged with vaudeville offers, but so far as the  world at large is concerned there  is no particular merit attached  to the win.  Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  layjor-porbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  START THE NEW  YEAR RIGHT .:.... w<S*n  by presenting your good  wife with an up-to-date  motor washing machine and  ball-bearing wringer; one of  ours will please her.  We have a complete stock  of Clothes Dryers, Washboards, Wash Boilers, Tubs  and Clothes Pini  We deliver promptly.  AVR. Oweni Morrison  Trie Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  See Us far Quality Printing  LOW) WJLNI5E ON PEACE  That there can be no peace  without consulting the leading  statesmen overseas,/was the main  theme ^of-an-address: delivered  by Lord Milner in Whitehall recently. It was true that the  people and the government of  Great Britain had shown their  warm-hearted appreciation of  moral and material help the Dominions had brought to bear in the  present conflict, but there was a  far greater obligation than gratitude binding upon the mother  country. Because the Dominions  had played so splendid a part in  a war they had no voice in declaring, it did not follow that they  would equally endorse any terms  for peace which they had no  share in making. Lord Milner  took a grave view of the matter,  and foresaw a risk for which  there was no possible excuse in  running.  On a previous occasion he reminded his hearers, it wasn't  war, but the aftermath of war  that brought about disruption of  empire. He appealed for an exchange of views between the  statesmen of the empire. There  was plenty of time to think about  it if the question were taken up  immediately, and one can hardly  fail to realize the necessity of  such exchange of views with the  statesmen of the Dominions,  which were concerned in the  movement of the war. For rank  and file there was no better rule  than to concentrate their efforts  upon achievement of victory, but  of those who had the destinies of  the country in their hands, something more was expected. They  had got to look ahead and to  take counsel betimes with men,  who occupied similar positions in  cur overseas empire, so that when  the time came, we might enter  into negotiations for peace with  a full knowledge: of their views  and desires, and with something  like sympathy with their point of.  'view.  ALBEJtTA'S RAILWAY  P0MO7 FOB TBJB YE.A*  Premier Sifton has announced  the government railway policy  for the year as follows: Loan to  the Central Canada Railway Co.  up to an amount not exceeding  80 per cent, of the cost of the  road between McClellan and  Peace Iliver Crossing.  Increase of the guarantee of  the Canadian Northern western  branch from Oliver, on the Canadian Northern Railway; eight  miles east of Edmonton to St.  Paul de Metis, from $13,000 to  $18,000 per mile.  Guarautee of a branch line of  the Edmonton, Dunvegan & British^ Columbia 'RMlwayV Ifrom a  point on the main line thereof  to or through Grand Prairie city  for a distance not to'exceed sixty  miles, at $20,000 per mile.  PUSHING P. G. E. HAILS  TOWARD PWNOE GEORGE  Mr. A. H. Sperry, general manager of the Pacific Great Eastern  railway, announces that the  bridge across the Fraser river at  Lillooet was/now so far advanced  that the track laying gangs were  busy putting down the steel rails  on that structure. With the completion of the bridge and the construction of the track to that  point the track will be pushed  still further ahead to Prince  George and a junction with the  Grand Trunk Pacific.  Meantime a regular mixed passenger and freight service is being operated on the section between Squamish and Lillooet.  During the spring, summer and  fall the company proposes to conduct a regular week-end excursion to Lillooet over its line.  Passengers will leave Vancouver on Fridays and return on Saturdays and Tuesdays. The connections with Squamish will be  made by boat out of Vancouver.  Grand Trunk Pacific officials  announce that beginning to-morrow the company will operate  each Wednesday a through tourist car from Prince Rupert to St.  Paul to take care of the demand.  Traffic on the British Columbia  section is rapidly increasing.  The most remarkable echo  known is that in the castle of  Simonetta, two miles from Milan.  It repeats the echo of a pistol-  shot sixty times. ���������   ,.  Quality in  VOU realize the favorable  impression created by  the letterhead, that, because  of its dignity and richness,  stands alone in the mass of  your morning's mail. Naturally you desire your correspondence to have an equally  pleasing effect upon your  customers.  npHE many advantages of  ���������*���������,' striking, distinctive letterheads are generally realized. But in spite of a keen  appreciation of these facts,  the problem of securing really effective letterheads without unwarranted extravagance is a real problem.  THIS problem may be easily  solved by giving your  Printing to the TERMINAL  CITY PRESS, LTD. Quality  - is the outstanding feature in  all our work and our prices  will fit your ideas of economy.  TpiNE Job Printing is an  ���������*��������� art; and perfect work  can only be acquired after  years of experience.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140  203 KINGSWAY  I     J-   rc  Xi s  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 9, 1911  ������4*******************4* *+*+*+*+*********************  SOCIAL AND PERSONAL  ���������  y*+*+4+4+44)4*4********<***********  Rev. E. G. Robb, of Mount  Pleasant, has accepted a call to  St. Stephen's church, North Vancouver, and'will take up his new  duties shortly.  Rev. Chas- H. Daly., of West  Summerland, B. C, was a visitor  at the Call office this week, while  in the ci|ty attending the meeting  of the .Presbyterian synod of  British Columbia.  On Sunday morning Mr. David  G. Coleman, 2700 10th Avenue  west, was found dead in his bed.  Mr. Coleman had been employed as engineer in the customs examination warehouse. Heart failure caused death.  Vancouver lost an old-timer  this week in the demise of Captain Malcolm McLeod, a former  harbormaster, of Vancouver, at  the ripe age of eighty. Forty  years ago Captain McLeod was a  deep sea skipper from Prince Edward Island Xtrading between  Nova- Scotia and the Indies .ports,  and the various'social and moral  reform societies of the city. The  audience generally were well  pleased and have spoken .very  highly of the production.  MT. PLEASANT Y.P.S.C.E.  The regular meeting of the Mt.  Pleasant Presbyterian Y.P.S.CE.  was held in the schoolroom Monday evening at the usuau hour.  The topic, ''Conquering Discouragement," was very ably taken  by Miss C. McKenzie, assisted by  Miss M. McKenzie, and quite a  number took part in the open  meeting. The topic for ^ next  week is "Getting Ready for the  Next Life," and will be taken by  Mill E. Smith, assisted by Miss  Dawson.  On account pf a benefit concert in aid of the, Red Cross, be;  ing given by .the Dramatic So-'.  ciety, the* meeting for next week  will be held Tuesday instead pf  Monday, at 8 o'clock.  student for many years of the  conditions leading up to the present conflict, and has an excellent grasp of the situation, .which  does not fail to. grip and hold his  audience on what might otherwise be a dull subject.  ��������� * #  NEW MARKET MANAGER  The markets and industries  committee of the city council has  at last succeeded in reducing the  number of names on application  for the position as head of. the  city market to three. These are  Messrs. A. P. Cameron, A. W.  Gooderich and CM. Forsyth.  The salary recommended is .$100  a month. This has been one of  the serious problems before the  city councils in recent years, and  it is hoped now that the committee have the matter well in hand  this public institution will soon  prove an advertisement and a  revenue producer to the city at  large.  ���������   ���������   ���������  ALDERMANIC BYE-ELECTION  ,. On Tuesday morning last,  ���������through the courtesy of Mr. Sos-  ' kin, local manager of the Famous Players Film Co., a private  exhibition was given in the Colonial theatre of Vtheweelebrated  temperance film adapted from  ��������� Jack London's story '' John Barleycorn," ito a large and representative audience from the Ministerial Asociation, the W.C.T.tJ.,  Good Templars, Royal Templars,  B. C. .Sunday School Asociation.  EXCELLENT LECTURE  ON THE WAR  A lecture on "The War, Its  Causes and Effect" was given by  Prof..,. E'. O.dlum, in the Dundas  Street Methodist Church, on Tuesday evening last, under the auspices of the W. C. T. U.     The  With a majority of 342 over  his opponent, Mr. E. J. Clark, Mr.  Thos. H. Kirk was elected alderman for Ward 1 in Wednesday's  rbyeelection made necessary, by  the retirement of Aldermaii VHep-  burn to run for the mayoralty.  There were 868 votes cast. Oi  these Mr. Kirk polled 605 and  Mr. Clark 263. \ ,,.vX;,xX'������  totetl   vote   was   55 -less  The  speaker gave many novel ideas in ^an Mr- Clark, received jU the  connection with the ( war that  were a revelation to many of the  audience, and this made the lecture unusually interesting and  profitable.  Prof. Odium has been a close  .Custom 8hM"Repairing  P. PABIS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE CO.  BEST SHOE BEPAXBlNa IN THE CITY  Work  Done  While  You  Wait  ' Work Called for and delivered  Iioggera', Mtatp', Cripples' .utd any Kind of Special Sboes Made  f-' Jo Older   -  64 BASTINGS STBEET.W.     Next Columbia Theatre  Phone: Seymour 1770. ��������� VANCOUVER, B. C.  January elections when he ran  third: In the annual election for  alderman in Ward 1 there were  3757 vptes cast, so that Wednesday's vote in comparison was  light,although it was much bigger than had been expected.   \ :������  "     ��������� '. XXi*'.   '���������:���������:  CASH PRIZES AT  THE BROADWAY  Manager Gow Will Give Premiums to Patrons on  Tuesday  . Night���������Chaplin Again Featured in Comedy Bill���������Black Box  Coming in Pew Weeks.      <  you going to  wear this winter?  Why  teckte's, of Course  And I am going to see that my wife buys them  for THE BOYS too.   They are the best to  wear and are made in Vancouver.  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUPACTUBERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES,  WAGONS,  Ete  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  Manager Gow, of the Broadway theatre, is keeping up^his  usual high standard of prograjn,  and for next week -has p%ked  as well balanced a bill as atiy of  the best down town theatres;  Every film shown is of the high'  est-price-house variety, and iean  be seen for less money, besides  the saving in car fare. On Tues,  day evening "��������� he is giving four  prizes. A total value of ten dollars.     ' ..;      ���������'._���������-. V'     ���������: ..._.._���������-;. ._''  . Charlie Chaplin is being featured again this week, appearing first on Monday evening in  "Twenty Minutes of LoveX The  program will also include a Flying U feature in two -reels en^  titled No. 329, a thrilling tale  of false imprisonment, i George  Ade's "Fable of the Syndicate  liover-' is a coraedy^true tolife,=  and one that creates a laugh all  the way through, also with a  moral that everyone will appreciate. ,  Francis Forde and Grace Cunard are now noted for their thrilling mystery plays and will; be  seen in their latest effort "The  Mysterious Hand" ofi Tuesday  evening. "A Gentleman of Nerve" is a Keystone laugh from  start to finish white Charlie Chaplin, Mr. Wow-Wow iltad Mr. Walrus, three comedians that will  keep one in roars of. laughter.  This will be shown on Wednesday and Thursday, with an original western thriller, "The Desert Breed," with Pauline Bush as  the heroine.  Followers of the "Master  Key" serial will see the twelfth  episode of this entertaining series oh Friday and Saturday, the  bill being rounded off with the  latest Nestor comedy "They  Were on Their Honeymoon,"  showing the favorite juveniles  Victoria Forde, Eddie Lyons and  Lee Moran.  LA^VJST   SEED  FERTILIZER  SEED OATS  Early Rose Seed Potatoes  Grace Darling Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Reliance Seed Potatoes  F. T. VERNON  THE MOtJNT PLEASANT FEED STORE  255 BROADWAY EAST Two Phones: Fair 186 and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Chick Food for Best Results  RED CROSS ENTERTAINMENT  Splendid Dramatic Production  to be Given Under Red Cross  Auspices on Monday Night-  Mr. Pleasant Dramatic Society  Will Have Charge of the Programme.  ���������  -j--  ~ ���������' ������������������ ������������������  Programmes are out for a grand  entertainment under the auspices  of. the Cfentral City executive of  the Bed Cross Society to be held  in the Imperial theatre, Main St.,  on Monday evening of next week>  commencing at 8.15. o 'clock. The  entertainment will take the form  of a four-act dramatic production  by T. W. Robertson, entitled  '' School,'' and will be put on by  the Mount Pleasant Dramatic Society, an exceptionally clever and  versatile company of entertainers.  The affair bids fair to be one of  the events of the season, and the  players have gone to no end of  expense and trouble in preparation. There are many congratulatory things which might be said  about the entertainers, suffice to  say, that they are probably unsurpassed for amateur work anywhere on the coast, most certainly not in this province. Added  to that the patriotic nature of  the affair, and the Imperial Theatre should be packed to the doors  and from the '". manner in  which tickets are selling, this  will be the case. The Red  CrOss - Society has been doing splendid work^all during the  past winter on behalf of the  cause for which they are banded together, and this their first  spring entertainment should prove  a/.winner. . Doors will be open at  7.30_ and the curtain rises at 8.15.  Popular prices will prevail, 25c,  50c and $1.00, and the material  fund of the Society should be  largely augmented froih the proceeds. The caste of characters  as follows:: ^  . Lord Beaufoy, Archie Strang; Dr.  Sutcliffe, Glen Nixon; Beau Farm-  tosh, A. De Twbrnicki; Jack Poyntz,  W. Crighton; Mr. Cruxj! W. Leney;  Vaughan, W. Strang; Mrs. Sutcliffe,  Miss C.V Dowallp Bella,^ Miss Ethel  Riches; Naomi . Tighe, Miss Nada  Johnstone; Tilly, .Miss Ada Milton;  Milly, Miss Mary Crotts; Laura, Miss  Muriel Stewart;..'..'.Clara;.- Miss Ethel  Butchart; Hetty,; Miss Isabel Gait;  school girls, Jean Robertson, J.  Strang, KittyXHugheS) Marion Wilson, J. Sheridan. '  RECORDING COW QUAI4TY  In Afeny dairy s^ctio:  GERMANY AND HOLLAND  NEARING HOSTILITIES  Rumors were" current in London within the past day or so of  a declaration of hostilities between Germany and Holland.  They were , not confirmed .by  despatches from the Hague  and the minister of The  Netherlands." in London had  no confirmation of the report.  It is a well known fact, however,  that Germany has leanings towards a strip of the Dutch f ront-  ier, and open warfare ere long is  not unlikely.  kin Canada- itWAquite po^ibie.^dging  frora,! Smft������il figureY tp fi&r*%  herd of cows producing milkAi$  a feed cost of only sixty-two  cents, or less, per hundred lbs.,  'whiie.' on a farm two miles away  milk costs perhaps ninety cents  or more per hundred for feed-  And on that farui where milk  costs more, may often be found  some daily requisites, such as a  pure bred dairy sire, good ensilage, etc. Other requisites may be  lacking, well rounded dairy judgment, cow quality.   *  Solid and lasting success is attained- both- easier-and���������quicker  by the intelligent use of dairy  records, this is just common sense  selection of paying cows, instead  of. the indiscriminate boarding of  ��������� 'just / cows;" The individual  cow of good promise is quickly  and unerringly, spotted by the  use of simple dairy records and  fed for better production at less  cost, while the antique souvenir,  useless as a profit maker, is beefed because she lacks ability to  produce milk at a reasonable cost  for feed.  ���������'" The man who raises ^ his own  calves can take quick strides in  building up a good herd, for he  keeps only his best cows and  knows just what he has got. The  man who sells, often sells his  best cows for a song (this is the  plain history of some world-champion cows) just because he does  not' know what good quality he  has; dairy records woidd have  informed him.  A matter of ten minutes per  cow per month spent in recording  will put surprising, most illuminating results before any herd  owner, indicative of great possibilities at present dormant JLa his  dairy cows. Write to the Dairy  Division, Ottawa, for samples of  record forms, and start to lower  your cost of milk production by  selecting better cow quality.  The British admiral commanding the fleet along the Atlantic  coast, has notified the British  Ambassador, Sir. Cecil Spring-  Rice, at Washington and he in  turn has notified the State department that no supplies whatever had been taken to the shops  from American ports. The admir"  al said ample supplies were being  obtained from Halifax and Bermuda.  Rrqadway  FEATURES FOR NEXT WEEK  Monday, April 12���������  No. 3^9, a thrilling tale of false imprisonment  with Murdock MeQuarrie; Charles Chaplin, in  "Twenty Minutes of Love"; .George Ade's latest film fable "The Svndicate Lover."  . *j  Tuesday-  Three Reels of Mystery  with Francis Ford  and Grace Cunard, entjtled " The Mysterious  Hand."   Drawing at 8.30 p.m. $10.00 in Prises.  Wednesday and Thursday-  Charles Chaplin, Mr. Walrus and her Wow-  Wow all   in   one   comedy,   ''Gentlemen   of  Nerye"; Pauline Bush in "The Desert Breed."  Friday and Saturday-  Episode No/ 12 of "The Master Key"; Victoria Forde, Eddie Lyons in " They Were on  Their HoneyM>6ih^V "  a  THE WEST IS  ONCE AGAIN OPTIMISTIC  "People who have been most  timid with regard to the financial situation in Canada are becoming more optimistic. The announcement that C. P. R. earnings were $507,000 higher in February this year is one of the signs  of the times. From now on, says  the Canadian Courier, the railway  earnings should exceed those of  last yearV There has been some  question of the C. P. R. dividend,  a few -pessimists predicting a reduction. With increased earnings  and improved prospects there is  practically no danger of a reduction; j-..- . "  "Some of the pessimism is due  to a misunderstanding of the annual reports which are coming  out. These relate onty to business up to December 31, -and do  not include business results obtained in the first three months  of_���������,.'������������������ thisfw. year.XThese months  bave boefJ much better than the  last three months 'of 1914. The  manufacturers have been busier.  Municipalities have found it easier to finance, and hence have increased their activities.    X  y "As spring advances conditions  must improve. The prospects  for a bumper crop in 1915 are  better than in any year during the  past decade. Retail merch^ts in  the west are ordering moreff-reely  because their stocks are too low  to meet even the ordinary re>  iiuirem^sx^xflm^p^  nomical period.      > .-"���������  '' Investors should not be misled  by reports of last year's business.  Nearly every company in, Canada  will show larger profits in 1915  than they did in 19H."   ,..  BRITAIN MAY ENFORCE  PARTIAL PROHIBITION  The government, as was ex-  pected, has decided against universal prohibition, but the new'  drink regulations have not as yet  been decided. The general,���������policy now favored is prohibition of  the sale^ of spirits .and wines, either throughout the entire country or throughout the military  and munitions manufacturing  areas, shortened hours of public  house , opening - and the Compulsory reduction of. the strength bf  beer. . Everything indicates drastic anti-spirit regulations, whisr  key being held,largely responsible for the shortcomings of the  workers. The prohibition of the  saU'of wine is now more favorecf,  lest workers nurse the grievance  that the rich have wine while the  poor are robbed of their whiskey. The, substitution of lager  for the English heavy ales is ad-  vocated by Lloyd George. The  government is conferring with the  leaders of the opposition for the  arrangement ' of a mutual program. The opposition will place  no obstacles in the way of any  action the government, considers-  necessary, provided compensation  is granted to the suppressed^ drink  interests. The government admits the principle of .compensation. V' & ; '  -������  MOUNT PLEASANT  (Opposite Bingham's)  * We have just moved from Granville. Street to  our new store, ai/d invite your inspection of our  stock. ���������. x , - X  No need to go down town for bargains, v Get  them here. Help youij'own district and save money  byy doing'.'so.'    ./.'/ ,;.X' x '"��������� '/'-'/ Jk-J  Phone Fair. 2086 2424 Main Street  We buy Furniture and give best Market Prices  Phone: Fair. 817  r^  KEELER'S NURSERY  15th and Main Street        *.  For Easter Plants and Cut Flowers, all in first  class   shape.  H3JW-36SK..  JL-.  ���������ii;v^;.:;.'--.


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