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The Western Call Apr 30, 1915

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Array 'J -  Ix-.-  V  v>  '.. <,  "<t>5^  s  s-  ������   X?a^ -_    vx'^-^xl  ' v    ������4 , ; r <������  ' "'"X xhX.X1  1 >_~  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  Volume VI.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,   FRIDAY, APRIL 30, 1915,  5 Cento Per Copy.  .���������Xx.  ;sX XJ<  ; x- #::  - '.*' ,xx< _  xxx  No. 5l/,Xx%^XX  :���������-'-X-������  X   A  TV  v  LENDMENT TO  THE ELECTIONS ACT  IREDIT should be given the Government for  the following amendment to the Dominion Elections Act:  "Every employer shall on polling day give to  [every voter in his employ at least one additional  hour for .voting other than the noon hour, and  shall make no deduction in the pay of ,such' employees nor impose or exact any penalty from  any employee by reason of absence during such  [hour.        _    > / 'X" *  "This section shall apply to railway -companies and to the Government Railways' and  ' their, employees, with the exception 6f"employees  engaged in* the running of trains and. to whom  | such .time cannot be given without interfering  with the manning of the trains."  This is a greater movement than appears on  the face of itj When in the p&s������ employers  ['have had in their employ a body of men opposed  in politics to their employer, there has'been such  a rush of work that there could be no' leave  granted to such employees to go and vote. How  many elections have been swung in thia way it  is hard to say. There have been instances  where a simple accident on a railway line has  called a train load' of workers to be sent so far  away that their presence at the polls would be  impossible.  Again, there has been the question of the  hour, or half ������ day's pay. Many a laborer earning enough only to provide the bearest necessities  for his family, and often not that, has hesitated  to penalize the'family to the exten| of taking  -half a day or even an Hour off, fend so has lost  his vote.  -  This amendment gives* the needed time ������nd  cuts out the loss toT.the employed for'the extra  hour. - - x>     *  DEPORTATION OF TD ALIEN  ,     <    X    - .^-r���������X    b HA .raff."   *    ._   .  AT the present moment this seem*; to; he. the  only thing to dp.   Rut at the same time  we are making serious trouble for the provinces of the Dominion in the pear future. -  -   The greatest need of the Dominion of Canada  vjs men."'- . ���������   -" ' ^ ������������������    '       v~~X :  Notwithstanding the faet that we are now in  the stress of the hardest kind of times, and that  unemployment is the burden of the hour, perhaps of the year, it should not be forgotten that  we need men in the Dominion and shall soon  need them as we have never needed them  before.  The crops on the prairie are now being put  in rapidly.- The area being sown is great. Now  the sowing does not require many men on the  fields because the work of the spring has been  largely done in the machine shops. Farming as  practiced on the Canadian plains is largely done  In the great agricultural machine factories. A  good team and one man, with the' aid of  up-to-date machines will sow a great deal of  grain.'  Especially wilji  one power outfit with  its  comet a tail of seeders,-harrows, rollers;- and so -  on, put in an enormous area of crop.  This calls for practically no extra men.  v���������.  "The time thereafter until the grain is ripe'  for the cutting calls for no extra help.  But for the harvest; that is where the "Canned labor" of the factories is not so efficient in.  this country. In the south there is the combined  grain header.and plowing machine which sweeps  -the harvest off the plains. But with our climatic  ^-conditions this is not possible. Men must handle,  'our crops ahd the required number must be  great.      . ��������� ~ ���������'������������������ X- X  Following the handling of the crop, if it is  the Divine will that it should be "a full one,  there will be a sudden demand for labor on  the transportation lines, in the elevators, mills,  and everywhere, where the current of the grain  movement reaches.  Nor is this all. With an average grain crop  and with prices where they are, and are likely to  be, there will be a sudden revival of activity  on every hand and in every line.  Then where are the men.  '      The Englishman has gone in large numbers  in answer to the call for men at home, either  in the ranks or in the shops.  Canadian youths are away with the troops.  The French and Russian has gone to his colors. The alien enemy has been interned. Other  neutral aliens have been deported or have gone  of their own will to seek employment.  Well, then, where are we to find the men this  fall for the greater return of activity.  X'..' Therefore, we say again that there should be  a mobilization of the resources of the country  to:find profitable employments for the unemployed to tide over the months until the demand  arrives.  When that demand comes, if the men have  -all gone we may see the grain rotting on our  prairies for -the want-of men to harvest it while  Canada suffers for want of the money it should  bring, and Europe starves for ,the want of the  grain.  Still, the demand for instant relief, is such  that there appears to be no other course. Mr.  Stevens is aware of this matter, but he has no  other way open than to meet the need of the  hour as best it can be met, hence the action  towards deporting the alien unemployed.  r  TAX SALES  YES, said one who has spent his best days in the service of the community as a business  man, I have fallen on evil times. " Business is dead._ Debts are not to be collected. T  have a lot of property but it cannot be sold* P owe for taxes about four per cent.'  of the assessed value, but I cannot find the money to pay" these taxes. I shall have to see  it all go. In fairness, the municipalities might sell enough of my land to pay the' taxes,  but they will not do this, they will sell it all away" 'from me, and ��������� in my declining days I  shall be left bare. What I and those dependent upon me will be able to do I do not know.  What is to be said of the bottomless pit of dishonor into which a community has  fallen when such a complaint as this can by any possible means and in any degree be true.  Is it not the case with a multitude, however!  What is the use of moratorium law when such an abuse of all justice is perpetrated  in the name of the community and by its elected representatives.  And what is*the matter with you, reader, that your voice is silent regarding this  outrageous practice?  SUMMARY OF THE  WEEK'S WAR NEWS  CANADA'S PATRIOTS  CANADA'S "Roll of Honor" steadily grows  and each name added to the list means  saddened hearts and vacant firesides, but  the bitterness of our grief at the loss of loved  ones is tempered by the glory of their death  and the justice of our cause.  Our hearts ahd our minds will not be vexed  with visions of ghastly depredations���������ruined  homes and desecrated churches���������outraged innocents and murdered non-combatants.  Our men have sacrificed their lives for the  cause of freedom and in vindication of. a smaller  and weaker nation���������to restore, as far as possible, an outraged people to their rights.  While we mourn the,loss, we still float our.  "Jack" at the head of the mast, and will proudly .press forward to even greater sacrifices for  the cause.' *���������  CANADIAN WHEAT  THE Canadian wheat eropjfor the years 1910-  1911 to 1914-1915 yielded as follows in column headed "Yield." Exports during  years as are shown in column marked "Exports."  Remaining Jforjase _iu. Canada ba&v been marked  "Home Consumption."  >    '    ���������-  -Home  Yield Exports       Consumption  1910-11 ___>???>___      >__,������_7?������99_'        72������?72,000  14,932,000  110,469,000  89,148,000  75,100,000  1911-12 >. ������30,924,000 ' 81,603,000  >  1912-13  224,159*000 113,690,000  1913-14  231,717,000 142,574,000  1914-15 161,280,000 86,180,000  The total yield for the five years has been  slightly less than one billion bushels.  The total exports have been just the same  amount less than half a billion bushels.  We are, therefore, faced with the fact that  the wheat exported from Canada has equalled  . almost exactly the amount retained for food for  seed, and for wastage.  Now there are eight millions of people in  Canada, and if it has taken half the wheat raised  in Canada to supply the needs of the eight rail-  , lions, we have not gone much further than feed-  - ing that number-abroad" with flour."  There is this difference, however. All the  wheat shipped abroad is for human food. A  considerable part of that-kept at home is used  for seed and the unmerchantable wheat such as  frozen grain is used for feeding poultry and  other live stock.  It is certain that for some time to come the  amount used for home consumption will not be  increased. Immigration is at the moment at a  ��������� standstill. Therefore every bushel of grain increased wall be exported and will yield a net  gain in gold or its equivalent to the country.  While'������������������.���������thevprtce is 'so high and the heed of  the European countries so great, therefore there  should be every effort made to increase the  grain output.  The money coming to the country in payment for the/wheat crop is not money loaned to  the country which must be repaid. It is clear  gain and remains with the country.  If, therefore, forty per cent, is added to the  grain area this year it will not have to be divided between home consumption and export, but  except seed,' the whole of the increase will be  available for export and should yield a dollar  a bushel net profit.  Therefore, with the average of last year and  forty per cent, increased area there should be  a hundred millions extra crop. With the average yield of 191.3-14 there should be a hundred  and twenty-five million bushels extra.  There is great prosperity in the grain crop  for Canada and the best patriotism is to increase   the   crop.  The United States had for export purposes  after supplying her domestic needs about 357,-  000,(MXV bushels in 1914-15 or a little more than  one-third of her supply.  By increasing the crop of Canada fifty per  cent, more we should have reached the level  of the United States in exports pf this commodity. And even that is not .saying much. ��������� The  United States is feeding a hundred million at  home, and we are feeding eight millions.  This kind of fact should cause us urban Canadians to hear a still small voice such as the  Hebrew prophet heard "What doest thou here?"  It would be better to be raising food for the  world on the great, plains than it is waiting  the turn of the speculative tide in the cities.  There is much in the "back to the land" cry  if intelligence directs the movement.- .  RAILWAY TERMINALS  Ti- ���������** / \ \  HE Unmitigated impudence of a certain  class of soul-less corporations is well il-  ' lustrated in the request of the Great,  Northern Railway in asking for an extension of  a year in which to carry out the terms of its  agreement with the city;in regard to the False  Creek terminals.  The Great Northern agreed to build certain  works including a large depot, to cost in all  $5,000,000.   In return for this they got the bed  x of False Creek to the extent of about 160 acres.  This journal opposed the agreement in 1910  and pointed to the likelihood of just such' a > Contingency as has now actually arisen. We were  laughed to scorn then but we now demand that,  the city council insist on the terms of the agreement being observed.  TRADE WITH CHINA  SINCE the outbreak of war considerable interest has been evidenced in the, possv,  j bility of trade with China.,    ,     ,     X  lX\ will, be remembered tbatfpr many years we  v:havKr4mported large- quantities "of V^^y***Wt.  fancy goods from Germany. This trade is now  entirely cut off and already quite a large number of samples have been received from China  for next Christmas trade, and in this line alone  we have an opportunity to develop quite a large  business. We will also become, a medium of  distribution to eastern Canada, instead of being, as in the past, at the extreme western  end of a great eastern territory.  Vancouver is now faced with many opportunities for the extension of..its trade, such as  has never occurred before, and our business men  should get busy and take full advantage of it.  NEWS PAPER TRADE IN FAR EAST  SINCE the war interfered- with the__Euro-_  pean paper trade, inquiries have come to  Japan from all over the east for paper,  especially for printing news paper. The first  export orders were from Hong Kong, followed  by Tientsin; Shanghai, and the Yangtze ports.  More recently orders have been received from  Bombay, Calcutta, and Manilla. About 1,000,000  pounds is the present monthly export ,and according to the Mainichi (Osaka), Siberia and  Australia are the only markets in these longitudes not taking Japanese paper. Tientsin is  the largest consumer, taking about half. the  China imports. Inquiries are being received  from China for qualities of paper other than  news paper, but the hews trade is believed to be  the most promising one, and as the foreign demand increases more rapidly than the Japanese,  the Japan Chronicle believes that Japan will be  quite capable of capturing the whole of the  oriental trade, and even of holding on to it in  the face of the restoration of. competition which  will be seen when the war ends. The Chronicle  adds that "Japanese news printings are confessedly poor stuff, but it is hoped to hold the  market  by   the   low   price."  A DANGEROUS SPOT  Attention should be paid, before some great  accident forces it, to'-the dangerous corner at  the north end of Granville street bridge. There  is not a more 'confused corner in the city, and  the traffic there is great. The swing-, of >'the.  bridge from the straight line of Granville street.  The emerging into the street of the traffic that  comes up from the Kitsilano car istation and  from Pacific avenue, the dividing of the traffic  not by a square turn, but by a fan-shaped movement in going north, makes it bad. The pedestrian is always in danger there.  To make the matter worse there is an absence of light. The corner is so dark that the  driver of an auto can often scarcely see. a pedestrian in his way, especially if it be a little  foggy.  There should be an extra light of the strongest   power   there   at   once.  r-    S-   ..  f'Vxf-^1  ' i.   "������w     V ������  .'X������.^l  rV������Y   T  .JT'  .w.  ANOTHER   critical   time   lias   passed. in  Flanders. ,      ,  How critical, the time waa, will more .and  more be known; aa the days' go by.   It is nov?  appearing that the preparation for this attack -*���������  had been very' carefully made by the Gferman .  headquarters staff. <-,-,., ~". X  0   False reports had been sent out ahead of time   '  as to the movements of German troops.   It .is  not likely that these reports in any way deceived the Allies' leaden, but that they did deceive.  the war correspondents seems clear.   Great .se~  crecy also was observed until the attack came.,X7   , ,  Then with the .novel method of the gases -AMe -^ '$$$M$  attack was made in force. " (    i'^X^^iTV*  At the same time the German.-fleet appeared'..^X^Vl /������  upon the North sea.- Not in the zone whfim^'oX,;^^  would invite the attack of the British, but in a X.Qf Xx  position which would have enabled themVto '^tCfe^'  run down the Dutch coast to Belgium, and thusXX^tl^v  make a dash to assist the left flank of, weir j<yyys$^{^  troops had they succeeded in reaching Calais, X.^-f/t^^'  as the British fleet has again and again assisted/, >~. "k i//ii  X xx  X ������*.  ���������-'XXP'X  the allies' line in Belgium.  In this way' their fleet would hope to get m  footing in the harbours of Northern FranM,.  and perhaps would have under the drenmstani  ces violated Dutch neutrality and taken posses*  sion of the Scheldt.  The'bizarre scheme of the Kaiser lacked only  one thing of greatness, and that was the successful carrying out of it in the face of the  allied troops and pf the" navy.        s ~:s  More heavy fighting will- he experienced  there is ho doubt. But having failed inline rash  for which such careful and secret i plans had  been laid, there is not much apparent  that the  v The  that she  supplies  .there is a peno^ ofaWlge ahead when  offer stubborn r&btance  k*JJH0  . "I      4<r4  Jn the meantime  striaSgW Wr'~"  to carry the  G  puwbs or TWB wt  ERMANY apparently has brought forward^  another method of'the kingdom of diW^-?  ness, namely, some of the fumes of the  pit. ��������� jyyy:jy.  We 'do not wonder that the surprised French  troops ran from such" a conjunction.   y*Teyt\^k  also glad to find that they rallied and t^|t|eX  Canadian boys proved the saying "The gates^ofy  hell shall not prevail against it." T^ereZw-ncX  joke intended.   The attempt was a  dastardly  one, but it will be repeated, and- there is not  any method, perhaps, which will not ��������� be VreShrtX  ed to to0 break through the ring of steel whteh  is fencing Germany.  __ _This brings up_the_question.how^ar_w411vtheX  enemy go in these tactics. There are deadly  drugs which might be scattered with still greater  effects and there are bacilli cultures of virulent  diseases.  We hope for humanity's sake that there are  not among the foe leaders who would go to such  a length as that, however. /   v  REOKU-SS .AND FOOLISH DRIVING  .'.������������������'"v.v, v  ������������������SVJVv'j..  Is it not time that the city council ceased to  treat the Chief and Deputy Fire Chief as "pets"  and insisted that they have some slight respect  for human life. X  The sitting mayor and some aldermen have  for years molly-coddled the Chief md his men  because of the vote to be secrnd, but it is  time such tactics were ended. We are proud  of our firemen, and the efficiency of the department, but human life should be respected,  and if common sense will not teach the Chief  (and he seems to have none when running an  auto) then the responsibility rests oh the council.   Let them now act.  CONTRABAND OF WAR  A BRITISH PROCLAMATION dated March  11 declares the following articles ; to be  absolute contraband of war in addition to  those set out in the Proclamation of December  23:"Raw wool tops and noils; woollen and worsted yarns; tin, chloride of tin, and tin ore;  castor oil; paraffin wax; copper iodide; lubricants ���������;" hides of cattle, buffaloes, and horses; skins  of calves, pigs, sheep, goats, and deer; leather ,  (undressed or dressed) suitable for saddlery  and harness; military boots or military clothing;  ammonia and its salts (simple or compound);  liquid ammonia, urea, aniline, and their compounds. a  The Proclamation also declares tanning substances of all kinds, including extracts for use  in tanning, to be conditional contraband, and  states that the terms "foodstuffs" and "feeding stuffs for animals" (previously mentioned in  the list of conditional contraband) are consid-.  ered to include oleaginous seeds, nuts, and kernels (and cakes and meals made therefrom),  as well as animal and vegetable oils and fats,  other than linseed oil, suitable for use in the  manufacture of margarine. O*   -V-v;  Jk  THE WESTERN  CALL  i *> f_-\ /  Friday, April 29tly 1915.  fr  MONARCHS OF THE NORTH  In more ways than one the far I He is truly polar in his home and  North of Canada has been great  ly misunderstood. For a long  time it was supposed to be a re-  . gion of utter desolateness, where  nothing grew. As a matter of  fact, however, even that region  known as the Arctic Barrens,  though treeless, is covered richly every summer with grasses  and gaily colored mosses, a riotous wealth of wild flowers and  miles of berry bushes. . Because  of this, the North is full of animal life. Over the plains of the  so-called Barrens, through the  woods to the west and south, up  and down the rivers, hither and  thither as they please in a country that is still their own, roam a  multitude of wild folk; bear, wolf,  ermine, beaver, red and silver  fox, otter, lynx, fisher, marten,  mink, rabbit, moose, musk-ox,  caribou, buffalo. It is the favorite haunt, too, of myriad birds  and wild fowl; and the streams  are full of fish. Instead of. dead-  hess in the north there is abounding life, and its wonderful variety is now coming to be better  appreciated.  Out of all this abundance of  ��������� northern wild folk there may be  chosen as most-typical and most  important two animals, without  which human life in the sub-Arctics would hardly be possible.  They, are the musk-ox and' the  caribou, both dwellers on the  plains. A third, the wild buffalo  of the wood country, ranks with  them in kingly importance,  though his numbers are very  much smaller. These three noble  animals are the Lords of the  North.  ^ The musk-ox reigns in the territory  highest up  on  the  map.  habits, ranging, over the Arctic  islands as far north as latitude  3, though chiefly along the Arctic  mainland coast. The farthest  south that musk-oxen have been  known to come is about half  way down the Hudson Bay coast,  and they have never gone west  of. the Mackenzie river. Their  home is in the Barrens and  beyond. In the real Arctic country the animal king and emblem,  one might'suppose, would be the  polar bear,.but the musk-ox is  equally polar and much more  useful, and therefore is qualified  to take precedence over the bear,  This very important northerner  is a large, thick-set animal that  looks clumsy, but really isn't. It  has a massive head and neck and  short legs; its horns are about  twenty-five inches long and curve  down, and it can boast of only  an inch pr two of tail. An average male animal measures a little more than seven feet from  nose to tail, stands fifty inches  high .and weighs about 575 lbs.  He wears a heavy coat of long,  black hair that, streaming in the  breeze, gives him a more savage  appearance than properly belongs  to him. Under the hair is a thick-  growth of wool, so soft that it  can be made into gloves and  other wearing apparel. As to his  legs, though they are short, they  are nimble, even taking him up  rocky slopes and over rough surfaces with ease.  The king of the North ranges  over the grass-strewn prairies of  the mainland and the less promising fields of several Arctic islands in bands of usually twenty-  five or thirty. Some of the island   oxen  stay jn  their  polar  "Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVBBAWA SaiRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  OWTOING  MANUFAOTITBED M VAJKMHTVJS&  By  MQW SiHim 3LAIR & CO., UP.  "Bfljr goods Made at Borne, and get botb the  Ooods and tbe Money."  haunts the' year round, but most  of the' mainland herds come far  enough south to winter in the  wooded country. Their food is  grass, saxifrage plants and dwarf  willows, which they get in winter  by digging through the snow  with their hoofs. The sub-Arctic prairies give rich pasturage  of just the kind they like, and  even the supposedly desolate islands to the north have their fertile spots.  Upon this food the musk-oxen  thrive and fatten, and thus qualify for their greatest use in life,  to be themselves a- food supply  for man. Their flesh makes excellent beef. When in good condition it is sweet and tender and  very nourishing, but in the autumn it has a strong flavor of.  musk, which has given the animal its name. To the Eskimos,  however, its musk flavor it quite  unobjectionable.  Besides its food value, the  musk-ox is prized for- its skin,  which makes good material for  clothing and bedding in a country where such things must be  thick and warm. / A musk-ox  robe, if secured from a well-kept  animal, is a choice piece of fur  goods, and a few hundred pelts  are brought down from the north  each year and made into sleigh-  robes for use in Canada and the  United States. In the New York  Zoological Park are six' live  musk-oxen that were captured on  Melville Island, in the Arctic  Ocean. They are the first  brought successfully to a temperate climate.  The far-north ranges of the  musk-ox are shared by the second  of the animal trio, the caribou.  Individually, this is a smaller animal, but in numbers very much  greater. It grazes on the nearer  of the Arctic Islands, along the  mainland and over the Barrens,  in close neighborhood to the musk-*  oxen; but in addition to this  area it covers the plains of the  Peace' river country, the Yukon  valleys and the wooded lands of  the Athabasca and Mackenzie territories. There is a difference  chiefly in' size, between the caribou of these latter districts and  those of the sub-Arctics, but both  species belong to the great deer  family that in one branch or another populates so large a part  of the" upper. half of America.  The big antlered reindeer of the  far north is in many ways king  of his kind.  There are millions, probably, of  these woodland and prairie caribou. Like the musk-oxen, they  break up into small bands for  most of the year, except when  on the move, when they mass, as  by some mysterious instinct, into  monster herds of several thousand.   A  migration   of  caribou  ������������������NOW  ING 2,1  HOMES"  :fi   ii  ������_WP_NPW_PJEHEECTJQN_  Oil Coojcstove, Jor years  manufactured in the United  States, is now made in Canada.  The Perfection Stove Company,  J_t<J., at Sarnia, Ont., is manufacturing these stoves for distribution  by The Imperial Oil Company,  Ltd., throughout the Pominion.  The NEW PERFECTION is  the best-known and most-liked oij  Stove in the world. Over 2,000,000  are now in use���������saving money and  labor for their users and keeping  kitchens clean and comfortable.  The NEW PERFECTION  brings gas stove conveniences to  the kitchen. It lights like gas,  cooks like gas. 1, 2, 3, and 4  burner sizes.  Ask your dealer to show you a  NEW PERFECTION Oil Cook-  stove-���������made at Sarnia, Ont., by  ���������Canadian workmen. If he can't  supply you, write us direct.  ROYAUTE OIL GWES BEST RESULTS  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  BRANCHES IN ALL CITIES  Made iri  ii  Aimx&A  from north to south, or back, is  a memorable sight. With only a  few hours' rest at night, . they  march steadily on in continuous  bands, and without deviation  from their course, swimming  lakes and rivers and taking up  their trail oh the other side as  precisely as though by compass.  A prospector spent sixty days a  few winters ago at the head of  one of the Yukon rivers, and  every day o������ his stay a procession  of a thousand or more reindeer  went past southbound in sight of  his cabin. A Mounted Police report from the Mackenzie river  country tells much the same  story:  "We were delayed on Artillery  Lake by large numbers of deer  crossing at various points. We  must have seen between 20,000  and 40,000. The hills on both  shores were covered with them,  and at a dozen or more places  solid columns of deer, four or  five abreast, were swimming  across, and so closely that we  did not like to venture through  them with our boat for fear of  getting into some mix-up."  There is no such migration  among the Arctic reindeer, which  spend both summer and winter  on the islands and along the  mainland coast, though they  wander about incessantly. The  reindeer or caribou of the Barrens is a somewhat smaller animal than that of the woodland  country as a natural effect of  its harder life. Both feed upon  the grass, moss and lichens with  which the ground is covered.  The caribou is the main food  supply of. the Eskimo^ and_ a  large factor in that of their  neighbors, the Indians. Deer  meat is good eating, and the Eskimos are accustomed to breakfast, dine and sup upon it, preferring, it cooked, but often eating it-semi-raw. Hunting, bringing in and dressing this game is  the chief part of their daily  work.  But the reindeer of the north  supplies not only the Eskimo dining room, but the sewing-room.  The uses to which the skin may  be put are almost without limit,  and the Eskimos have wonderfully adapted themselves to the only  dry goods material at their command. Nearly all summer and  winter clothing is,made of deerskin, and the women are so skilful in needlecraft that some of  the garments they produce are  really handsome. From the hides  of the deer these ingenious northerners also make boots, tent-  eoveriugs, blankets and leather  that finds a hundred daily uses.  Inferior to either the musk-ox  or the caribou in numbers and  general usef.ulness, ^but still of  great interest, is the woodland  buffalo, which is the only survivor in a natural state of, the  countless bison that once covered the western plains. The buffalo country is an area of wooded land at the extreme north of  Alberta, west of Slave Jtiver.  Through the forests of this region the buffalo roam in twos  and threes, banding together in  the winter, however, for protection against the wolves.' Their  total number is small, being variously estimated at from two hundred to four hundred only, and  the average explorer does not  even get a sight of them.  The woodland buffalo is larger  than that of the prairie country,  and by reason of its environment  has developed a greater agility.  He is nearly- enough like the  musk-ox of. the Barrens to be a  distant cousin, and his habits are  somewhat the same; but he is, of  course, much more akin to the  prairie member of his own family,  with which we have become familiar in the animal parks, or at  least through pictures. His most  thrilling characteristic is his ponderous head, which seems almost  to dwarf the rest of his body,  and with which he ploughs away  the snow in search of the grass  beneath, instead of pawing it  away With his feet.  Canada now has a population  of about fifteen hundred bison in  its three animal parks in Alberta. AH these are of the prairie  species, and the aim of the government is as nearly as possible  to reproduce for them in captivity the conditions that existed  when the buffalo were supreme as  the lords of the west. But the  only ones of their kind now left  inv absolute freedom and still the  kings- of their own animal realm  are the woodland buffalo in the  Norths���������Onward.  Great Britain imported 24,148,-  833 bushels of barley in 1913  from Bussia, Roumania, Turkey,  Germany and Austria. From  Canada she took 5,977,533 bushels  'or less than a fourth.  RED CROSS APPEAL  T0THEFARMERS  Our country, with its allies, is  waging a great' war for justice,  for the protection of small nations in the enjoyment of their  rights, for continued; and growing freedom,'and.for^the maintenance of its pledged word'of  honour. Much destruction and  desolation is being caused. Lives  are being lost by the thousand.  Canada's first contingent is now  in the thick of it. Some will fall  sick; many may be wounded;  some will pay tjie last,full measure of devotion - to their country and its cause.  The Red Cross Societyp twists  to succor the sick and wounded  in war. It needs more money to  provide more beds at hospitals in  Great Britain, and Fjance; it  needs wore money to :pay more  Red Cross Nurses; it .needs more  money, and more, things made by  women, to supply- tp Clearing  Hospitals, Base Hospitals, and  Recovering Hospitals.  I appeal to farmers to send, me  sums from $1 to $50. during the  first week, in May. Every"$50  provides one additional hospital  bed with the giver's hame over  it. By sending me about -$10r  000, you would serve your "country well, bring credit.to your-1  selves, and make all, ol. us very  proud of you. For the sake of  the wounded boys, make the gift  substantial. It will be an invest-  ment^ towards the recovery of  some Canadian soldier who stood  in our stead that our cause might  be upheld.  JAS. W. ROBERTSON,  Chairman.  Red Cross Society at,'Ottawa.  THE WESTERN CALL  ���������WHAT IS  (.This is a natural and legitimaj  question, to  ask  and  we  wai  every citizen to ask, it.  <|The question can be as reac  answered by every-citizen as'  ourselves, but to do this you mi  have it delivered to your hoi  each week.   This can be done  becoming a 'subscriber and  payment of One Dollar, annt  in advance/-',  IjYou will not regret making tl  olean,   live,   progressive we  one. of your home papers,  and young alike may read it  the   children .will  find' pleasui  and profit in its contents.  flWrite or phone .Circulation  partment. _ X '  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE *  OUTHRi:  Banlsteis and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Department  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioae  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of  Bar of British Colombia.  Oitton Bonding, Ottawa.  ABOUt!  Rennie's Seeds and. All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta Grain and Teed Store  1647 Main Street  ���������. Our Specialty  Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables  Free City Delivery  Pbone: Fairmont 2l*H* Vancouver, B. 0*  \ -  Special Offer���������Next Week Only  Capable   of   Preparing   any  light meal such as is ordinarily   required   during   the  summer.  toiis Special Price holds good May 3 to 8.   After that dat(  the price will be $6.50.  This OriU gives double service. Over its glowing coils  toast may be prepared, bacon or chops fried, eggs boiled, etc.,  and at the same time another cooWng operation may he,  going on lwder the coils. r  Alurainus Saucepan, Broiling Plate and Cover, Plate goes  with  the appliance.  The cost of operation is only about 5. cents Cor  a full liouro/ use.     '     ���������  Uvenr AppUahwis guarantee^i hy themanufacturers for 5 years.  Visit our salesrooms during the week and see this Grill at work  B* cTmcTWC  Carrall & Hastings Sts. U38 Oranville St., near Davie  "Q. B." Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  "Q. B." Means  Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q B" Means "Made in B. O."  by White Help,  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd.  JINGLE POT COAL  "Our Coal Lasts Longer"  NUT COAL is an ideal range fuel.  Our Nut has been increased in size, and is  the best summer fuel you can buy. Try a ton. The  price is $5,50.  V  ���������. ���������-���������������������������-���������   ��������� -..- [ '���������   -���������-.'���������. ��������� .-     ���������-���������    ������������������     -���������������������������������������������������������������    ���������   'II. v  BRIQUETTES--We have a few good briquettes, made from Jingle Pot Coal, which we will deliver at $5.50.   This is exceptionally good value.  WOOD  We Have some choice 16-inch Fir at $3.00 per  load.   Also Mill Wood at $2.50 per load.  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour 5408-5409 A.1  ' t  A.  4 t   4    -  ,      (4  ,  '  yrida>, April-29th, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  HOUSEHOLD GOODSanoOFF.CE FURNITURE  ���������i.iMlfl  OLDEST AMD LARGEST STORAGE CONCERN IN WESTERN CANADA  CAMPBELL STORAGE COMPANY;  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE-SHIPPING  PHONE SEYMOUR 736a u       OFFICE 857BEATTY ST.  The Pioneer Meat Market  Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor, Frank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excellM for Quality or prices in Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away'  Phone: Fairmont 257  SERVICE FIRST  OUR  one  thought  and purpose  on  all  appointments  is  GENTEEL SERVICE.   We leave no details for your  care.  QtTR    CHAPEL    and    RECEPTION    ROOM  ^will   afford   you   any   privacy   you   may  {,   desire.  MOUNT PLEASANT UNDERTAKING CO.  Phone: Fairmont 189 164 8th Ave. ������. (near Wain)  THE OBWNABY MAN  He kept tbe middle of the road and  did his  level  best,  1 A  simple  ordinary  man,  in  common  garments dressed;  The  one ambition  that  he  had  was  just to keep his brood  Supplied with shoes and clothing: warm  and filled with wholesome food,  ^e* never made a bid for fame, nor  seemed to want to roam,  The only crowd he ever led was just  the few at home.    He never whimpered at his lot, when  extra burdens came,  He never told his weariness or spoke  of being lame,  But trudged along from day to  day  and did the best he could,  And seemed content if those at home  bis efforts understood.  A  simple,  ordinary  man,  who  faced  each day of strife  That he might give to those he loved  ,     some happiness in life.  The wishes of his wife and babes to  him were .stern commands,  It kept him straining at the yoke to  meet their new demands;  He had no  time for selfish play,' no  days to sit and rest,  Each   morning   brought   the   ceaseless  grind, each evening closed a test.  And always as he turned away from  home  and  shut  the  door,  The   pack   of ^burdens, on   his   back  weighed  just a little more.  J-. X   ���������.'" '������������������:--.  He never sought the joys of fame, nor  {      brilliant -tried.to be,  The "patch of blue above his home was  all he wished to see;  In  simple .toil  he  spent   his  life,  the  simple prizes gained;  A back street, cozy little house where  love and sweetness  reigned,  A wife, whose  every word  was  kind  and every look a smile,  A set of happy little tots that made  each care worth while.  He kept the middle of the road, and  did his level best,  He turned his back upon the east and  bravely faced the west,  And all he ever earned or owned to  those he loved he gave,  And  to their  joys   and  their  desires  -':-'he'-'made' himself a  slave.  ARMS 0FJ.NGUNP  Seven- centuries ago the royal  arras of England were the "trois  leopards d'or" of the Angevin  kings. To-day, though the arms  have heen amended many times  by many kings, the leopards still  are there, of yellow complexion  and strange shape, such as was  never seen outside heraldry. They  did not long remain alone to represent England's greatness, for  when -the Plantagenets took _the  title King of France, they added  their silver lilies to the golden  leopards, and they hloomed there  till the first year of the nineteenth century, long after even  the shadow of French sovereignty had passed away. The harp  of. Ireland, and the lion of Scotland, a noble beast, came to bear  them company in the reign of  Jameg I., who did a great deal  for the royal arms. Most of the  things he introduced are there today, :ind the two supporters  were his "own invention." Heraldry is a zoological garden for  queer animals, and the unicorn is  as strange as any, a "fabulous  monster,'' with thev body of a  horse, the tail of a lion, the legs  and hoofs of a stag, and a twisted horn that belongs to no animal on earth. Still, if he is only  a fable, he is an ancient one.  He is mentioned in the Bible  many times, and the old Egypt>  ians knew him, for they drew  him on a papyrus, playing  draughts, or something like it,  with his old friend the lion. Not  that they were always such  friends, for as the old sixteenth  century rhymer put. it:  "The Lion and the Uhicorn were  fighting for the Crown,  The  Lion  beat the  Unicorn  all  round the town,  Some   gave   them   white   bread  and some gave them brown,  Some gave them plum cake and  drummed them out of town."  In other words, England and  Scotland were at loggerheads un  til James VI." of Scotland be  came James I. of England, uniting, the two kingdoms, and put  the lion of England and the unicorn of Scotland to support the  crown before them. y  FUR FARMS WIU  REPLACE TRAPPER  The majority of men who have  made a study of the fur situation  in Canada agree that the present  method of collecting furs by trapping must soon give way to the  more human means'of the, "Fur  Farm." Aside from the humaneness of the fur farm and its  lethal chamber which destroys  animal life without pain and  leaves the pelt uninjured, the  Collecting of fur-bearing animals  by the trap is one of the most  wasteful processes possible to  conceive. And yet last year  nearly two million dollars' worth  of trapped furs were shipped to  the London market, there to be  dyed and finished in that great  centre of the world's fur trade.  The'inevitableness of the trapper's banishment is made clear by  several facts. Fur farms, which  were first "invented" on Prince  Edward Island by Hon. Charles  Dalton, an expert rancher, about  ten years ago, have spread to all  parts of Canada. There are  hundreds of fur farms in Pricne  Edward Island 'and New Brunswick, and they have spread year  by year to every other province  of the Dominion. Silver, foxes  were dealt -in exclusively for a  time, but now the list of animals  in captivity, includes marten,  mink, beaver, fox, skunk, while  all branches of the fox tribe have  been brought under a system  of scientific breeding. The results  have been in the main satisfactory, and some creditable profits  have been shown after a few  years' operations. Although great  difficulties surround the problem  of "growing".animals, problems  which have nothing whatever to  do with wheat or turnip crops,  the methods of caging, feeding,  building houses, etc., have been  standardized to some extent, so  that the amateur is not to-day  open to the serious loss that faced  him a few years back.  Thus while fur farming goes  forward steadily as a big Canadian industry and will soon  reach the basis of producing  pelts, the trapping industry faces  a most serious situation. Of  course, this winter has been almost ruinous to those associated  with fur production in the wilderness of Canada, because of the  glut in the fur market and the  refusal of the big fur companies  to buy more until the excess has  been taken care of in London.  For that reason thousands of Indians around the Hudson's Bay  Company's posts in the far north  have' been saved from starvation  only by importing great quantities of food and clothing which  were supplied by the pominion  Government. Even two or three  years ago, however, the great fur  trading companies, chiefly the  Hudson's Bay Company and Rev-  illon Freres, were obliged to  move the centre of their operations -hundreds of - miles- north- of  trapping areas which had been  their monopoly for over two centuries. Realizing the grave effect  of railroad building and immigration upon the old haunts of  the mink and ermine and fox, an  effort was made by trhe former  concern to appropriate an entirely new region, remote the noises  and disturbing effects of the newly'' opened agricultural region of  Ontario, Banitoba, Saskatchewan  and Alberta. So a new wilderness was invaded, extending  roughly from the eastern shore  of Hudson's Bay to the Mackenzie River, and as far to the north  and south as the tribes and tra-  pers could penetrate. Steamers  were provided and new stations  Opened,, everything being done  with permanent occupancy in  view. The expense amounted to  several millions, and would not  have been undertaken had not  the company recognized that the  fur trade in the old areas of Canada was threatened with extinction.  ��������� ** XXtl  $:���������-*  ,.   'X'J'J  ,   *--1 ir-rA /"���������  x +.. v       i*  -' ' ���������'"it  MABINB DEIVE, POINT OBET  instances. Knowing as they do the COSTLY  waste   and  cruelty  of  trapping  the  conservation authorities   of  Canada have been steadily working to  encourage, fur  farming,  PROOKBDINOS OP  DOMINION TRUST  and the growing success (of theseL  - In view of the magnitude of  the bill,of costs of,the solicitors  for- the   provisional  liquidators  ventures may very easily banish  the trap into the limbo of spears  and arrows.���������John Rosse.  aBBMANS WHIP THE  ^W^^^^TT 9W       ww i^^^^y        *^**m>wj**m^  The enormous waste of the  trapping method is well known  to the trappers themselves. Animals are insecurely caixght in  tens of thousands of cases and  work their way loose.Very often  such wounded creatures die or  are devoured by their enemies,  and can, therefore, be counted  a complete loss. The- struggles  in the trap often, spoil pieces of  the skin and discount the selling  price of. the whole pelt. The revolting cruelty of the trap method must be self-evident. The  trapper usually makes only two,  sometimes one round per week,  so that many animals are left in  misery for five or six days at a  time. Their efforts to; preserve  life are pitiful, and the stories  told of are not at all exaggerated.     Every trapper has met such  Geneva���������George Rebsamen, a  dentist of this city, has been a  German prisoner for five months.  In spite of the fact tbat he is a  Swiss he was taken into custody  in France and held in the Nieder  Zwehren camp. Set at liberty recently he has just returned home,  and reports that there were 20,-  000 British, French and Russian  prisoners at Nieder Zwheren. He  says the food is fairly good, but  that the sanitary conditions are  deplorable. The British received  the worst treatment. Some of the  camp_ guards_ are _ armed vwith  heavy whips with which they  strike the prisoners for slight offences.  proceedings in connection with  the Pominion Trust, it is interesting to note that the estimate of  expenses of the staff of the provisional liquidators would run to  approximately $2800 per month,  or $5600, for the two months during which they were employed,  while tbe liquidation for the period would run in the neighborhood of $2,000, making an interesting total of over $7,000.  Added to the $7,500 solicitors'  costs, or rather to the $6,000 odd.  which was allowed by the registrar, this means tbat the cost of  preparing the ground for the entrance of the permanent liquidator amounted to over $13,000.  In legal circles the items in  the bill of costs were freely discussed, and comments passed on  the indefinite nature of many of  these; the trip of Mr. Cowan to  Victoria _being a_ prominent feat=  ure of the account which received  its due share of. attention among  the menbers of the profession.  Potash and wood ashes is the r���������  title of an article in the January - .,  Conservation Bulletin. The writer   ;  advises all farmers and gardnenh '  to save all wood ashes for use 9M'J 'J  fertilisers.   The war has eut off  the supply of potash 'from 4Gfor~   {  many.  Wood  ashes rcontain  a  good proportion of potash, as well,  as of other ingredients valuable  to the ground. Hardwoods, particularly   beech  and  maple,   are  specially rich in potash. Wood  ash hasten the decay of organic  matter in soils, thereby rendering more  readily available the  the  nitrogen  contained  therein.  Where  large  quantities of  ash  are produced, as in burning old  debns from a lumber tract, they  bring a good price.    &'  ���������   ���������   ���������  There is on exhibition in Paris  a French army bi-plane,���������M.F.  123, which has 400 holes in its  frame and covering where it has  been hit by shrapnel, rifiebullets  and fragments of shells. The M.  F. 123 with its intrepid commander, Captain Morris, has a  record since the war began of  77 long -distance reconnaisance���������  flights over the German lines. .48  flights for rangefinding. and 7  aerial combats.  ^ f!\  'J ix������  v :u fX  ' ��������������� *i.>-&\  ���������     '     '   4.C-.    _  . "X*������  ,      /  ���������������   -J 1  ii i  "I would urge the fanners of Canada to do their .than in  the people of Great Britain from suffering want or privation."  BOS. MARTIN BURRELL. MinUttr of  The Empire Needs Many Foods  In the past Great Britain has imported immense quantities of these staple foodf fnM  Russia, France, Belgium, Germany and Austria-Hungary as shown by the following:���������  Average Imports  Tm������ 1910-1913  38,439,609 bush.  93,686,304   "  16,192,268   ������  7,821,374   u  703,068   u  639,663   "  4,721,690   "  271,669   "  36,609,766 lbs.  131,112,916 dozX  ������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������<  ������������������������������������������������������������  WhMt  Oats  Barloy.  Com..  Put  Beans.....  Potatoes...  Onions....  . Jttoat......  Eggs...j ..  Batter and  Cheese...... 61,766,233 lbs.  The above mentioned sources  of supply of staple foods are  now, m Hie main, cut off as a  result of the war. Great Britain  is looking to Canada to supply  a large share of the shortage.  Every individual farmer has a  duty to perform.  rF������ iafoiaation aad bulletin* write tp  Canadian  Department of  Agriculture,  Ottawa, Canada  Motions of bushels rather  than millions of acres should bo  Canada's aim.  That there is abundant reason  to expect larger returns from  the same area is conclusively  shown when we compare the  average production of the  present time with the possible  production. Note the following  brief table which shows the  average in 1914 and possible  production per acre.  ���������- Average Possible  Fall Wheat ���������  Spring Wheat..  Barley.........  Oats..   Corn/Grain..  Corn Ensilage���������  20.43  62.  14.84  33.  16.15  69.  36.30  91.  70.  200.  (Tons)...  Peas.......  Beans..  Potatoes   Turnips   12.  15.33  18.79  119.40  42141  19.  37.  60.  460.  1000.  By "possible" is  actual results which have  obtained by our Experimental  Farms and by many' fanner*.  These "possibles" hay* bein.  obtained under intensive cultivation methods and conditions  not altogether possible on tho,  average farm, yet they suggest  the great possibilities of increased production. By greater  care in the Selection of seed,  more thorough cultivation, fertilization, better drainage, the  average could be raised by at  least one-third. That in itself  would add at least.$150,000j000  to the annual income of Canada  from the farm. It would be a  great service to the Empire, and  this is the year in which to do it.  Increase Your Live Stock  Breeding stock are to-day Canada's most valuable asset. The one  outstanding feature of the world's fanning is that there will soon be  a great shortage of meat supplies. Save jour breeding stock. Plan  to increase your live stock. Europe and the United States, as well as  Canada, will pay higher prices for beef, mutton, and bacon in the very  near future. Do not sacrifice now. Remember that live stock is  the only basis for prosperous agriculture. You are farming, not speculating.  -    ���������      "���������: ia-  IH . X"  THE WESTERN  CALL  Fijday, April 30, 1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  H. H.  STEVENS,  M. P.  - Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone; Fairmont 1140.   SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  ���������J If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  I  TAXATION IN VANCOUVER  T is time that there was a practical review of  the system of taxation in vogue in.this city.  * Taxes Are Too High  That is an easy thing to say. of course, but  how shall the taxes be lowered ? Debts have  been incurred in the past, and the creditors" of  the city hold a first lien on the city and all  that is in it.  Interest must be paid and the sinking fund  monies must be provided. - In addition to this  there must be' provided, money for current expenditure.  True, all this is so.  But is there no" way in sight to meet theBe  things or part of them except through the  pockets of the-owners of property^in this town?  If any other means have occurred to the city  fathers, they have not as yet shown any active  interest in it.  *.But are there such means?   There certainly  v  are.  Around this city-there is a wealth of. "white  ^ coal." There is hydro-electric power in enormous quantities, and yet'the citizens of Vancouver have to pay, and the "manufacturers of  Vancouver have' to pay enormous rates for the  light and power supplied:  Take, for instance, the city of Winnipeg.  It lies in. a flat country. Its rivers, with one exception" are sluggish, muddy streams.-. Yet Winnipeg has found for itself electric power and is  supplying it to her citizens for about a quarter  of what they-had to pay. under the band of  private companies. But if Winnipeg could do  this in her flat location, how much more could  Vancouver w^th her mountain torrents1 all  around her?   4>  Jjet this city take up and estimate the great  cost to tbe people in dividends in the matter of  the various public utilities, and it should be  found that,in them there are sources of revenue  sufficient to'meet the interest and Sinking fund  on the debts of the city.  dysteni of Taxation  In the meantime the system of allowing improvements as they are called, to go wholly  free from taxation has failed.  As is usual when a concession is made to  _ithe-people_in-Buch-a matter, great_financiaLcon-_  -   cerns immediately step in to capture the benefit.  Has it not been so in the case of Vancouver?  Many storied buildings are there in evidence.  These buildings havei not -wholly sprung- from  the enterprise' of ���������t$e owners of the ground.  Great financial corporations have suggested the  building and have volunteered the loan of the  money to build.      ' ;,.  The result is that 'business which was scattered along streets and the ground profits of which  were divided among the' owners of many proper-  . ties, have been gathered into the area of one  business lot. and the taxation upon that volume  of business has been reduced from the taxation  upon many lots to the taxation upon that one  lot. ' - '  . No remedy or compensation .is possible for  the many from whom that business has been  taken. But their taxation is just as great as it  was before.  Moreover, before that abnormal development  came, many had secured property intending to  build a moderate business building on it. Since  that development it is clear, to them that to  build a modest building would be to have it un-  oenpied for the fashion has been to rush into  the large blocks, the properties have, therefore,  perforce been kept with temporary buildings or  vacant.  Now, what is the effect on such properties  of our system of taxes? Why, it exempts the  buildings which are and taxes 'buildings which  are not. Tbis sounds like nonsense, but unfortunately it is true.  Taxe the taxes on any so-called business  property which has no building or which at  best has only a temporary building. Why are  the taxes on these so outrageous? Because it is  assumed that the property is capable of carrying a business building of a certain order, and  that the city is not responsible for the' non-existence of the building, therefore, the tax must  be levied as though the building were there.  Is this either just or sane?   Neither.  In the first instance the fact ought to be  patent that the city has not in sight business  to occupy an average of a building of ten stories for every business lot. So much is certain.   Then it would  be  manifestly  unjust  to  tax the average lot as though there were  sufficient business to yield that much for the  average lot.        . / V ;   ''      .  What, then, is the average amount of business in sight available for each building site?  Not more than would occupy three stories on  each business, lot. -   X    -'      "'X    ,     ?   /N-  It  is, even  doubtful  if uniform  two-storey  _ buildings on each' lot would not accommodate  all the business in sight, for. the number of lots  taxed as business lots in the, city are numerous.  If this be the case and-the taxes are to be  equally distributed then it inust he on a,basis  of a fair distribution of business amongst the  lots. - ���������   : -   _ 4  If, therefore, three stories, is to be the!: basis  of the calculation, ^hen* every lot which ..carries  a building of more than'.three stories .should  -be taxed as two lots. ":Every' lot which carries more* than twice three stories should be  taxed as an additional lot for every three stories  or fraction thereof. It is'the business which is  or should be done on a (property which.should  pay the taxes.  PRACTICAL PATRIOTISM OF THE 0. P. R.  THE orders which, according to the.paragraph we herewith republish that Sir  Thomas Shaughnessy has given for the  immediate employment of some six thousand  men, is most certainly on the right lines.   >  Sir Thomas has ordered that the track gangs on  the prairie provinces .-be immediately." fitted - -out to  full strength, a step which would not ordinarily  be necessary f or , some weeks. Employment will  thus be found at once, for about 3000 men.  The statement follows: "The situation with respect to employment in Western'Canada has been  engaging the attention. of ' the president of the  Canadian Pacific, and it has been his1'desire'to  give some relief4 along practical lines.' \ He Jhto,  after full consideration,'-'ordered that the tnlck  gangs on the prairie provinces ^ be ' immediately  .filled out to full strength,/ and has also directed  that all proposed betterment work be undertaken  without delay. It is expected that theseXpders  will result in employment being found at once for.  an additional force of three thousand men."  This is in line with the patriotic attitude taken  by Sir  Thomas in October last when he directed  that work whieh it was intended to postpone should  be undertaken in order to provide employment for  ...several  thousand  laborers.  There will be no grinding of the wind in the  employment of these men.   They will be doing  work now which would have'to be done'liter.  The work will be done now, weeks earlier than  it would be done" under normal circumstances,  and the benefit will be great.  It is also good business for the company.  The work, as we have said, will have to be  done later.   But so will much other work/1 It  must be remembered that there has been partial  crop failure in Canada for some years how.  This meanb that everything has been going light  as to employment.   But wc may hope for ^et-  ,ter things this year. , And then the crop area, is  said to bev forty per cent, larger this year" than  it was a year ago.   So that-there wil^'be 'the  prospect that the handling of the crop will, require forty per cent, more men this year than������  last year did, even though there should be' no  better average yield than last year gave.   &ut  if the average yield be full this year with the  increased area there will be required double the  men to handle the crop, and the associate industries which will be speeded up because of it.  Further, building is terribly behind on the  prairies.   Farmers are living in mud huts������and!  their cattle are in temporary shelters. ��������� inhere  must be great activity on these lines as soon  as there is "any money , in sight  for comfort,  health, profit ancT every consideration will speed  up .the supplying of these necessities as soon as  the money is to hand.   A good crop assured  will bring this about.   But-it ..must also be remembered that _taere_  is not a "thousand feet of surplus lumber in  all the yards of the prairie. Now as soon' as  the demand arises, as it will arise with the assurance of returns from this year's crop, and  then the camps will have to reopen and the  mills to get out this supply.  Moreover, .to handle_all this produce and material there will have ,to be great augmentatibn  of the railroad staffs in every department.   '  What is true of these industries is true of  every other.  . Where, then, are the men to be found wjhen  needed? ��������� "  The foreigner will have been deported. The  British and Canadian men will have gone with  the contingents or will have been attracted to  the old land to help out the situation there.   '���������  Sir Thomas, therefore, seeB ahead a great  shortage of men in Canada, and it is wise to 'get  the work, done before that shortage manifests  itself.  And thereby hangs an example for the citizens who wish work to be done in this city.  Men can be had this spring for what the employer can afford to ^pay. If the crop is good  by fall there will not be men enough to do the  work at any price.  The moral is that if. there is work to be done  now is the time.  Build while men and material are cheap.  Clear land while men will be glad to work  for a living wage.  And by doing the necessary Work show the  right patriotism such as-the moment requires.  The managers of companies controlling loans  in the city will do well to remember this also,  and by the making of conservative loans help  men to get their work done, thus giving employment and by the reasonable prices prevailing  enable work to be done with a small loan which  in a year would call for double.  GEORGE HERBERT MORDEN  Congratulations and best wishes to a knight  of the pen. We wish the genial editor of the  North Shore Press success in the race he has  imdort.iken to run. The position of member  of the provincial house would be one he should  fill with credit to all concerned.  THE  WORLD'S  MINERAL  OUTPUT  > During-1912 the world's totjal mineral production' considerably - exceeded a billion  sterling in*-value, of which coal accounted for  484 millions.sterling for 1% million tons raised.  The United States produced by far the most,  viz., 485L million, tons, Great Britain followed with  265 million tons and Germany coming third with  255 million tons. It must, however, be added  that the British output was greatly reduced  owing to the strike. : ���������'  The total production of gold amounted to 23  million ounces,-value 97 millions'sterling, 61 per  cent: of which jWas from the British Empire, a  percentage to which in turn 'South Africa contributed 40 per cent., Australia ,10 per cent., and  Canada, the Gold Coast, India, &ew Zealand and  Rhodesia together the remaining 11 per cent.  The United States'' share of the world's gold  output amounted to 20 per cent, and that of  Mexica and Russia combined to 12 per cent.  In iron, as in coal, the United States was  easily, first with^O1/.* million tons, Germany with  Only 8% million tons being a bad second; while,  curiously .enough, France came next with 7%  million tons, and Britain only fourth with 4yz  million tons. The amount of silver, raised was  over 7,100 tons, of which Britain's'share .wss  1,556 tons; while in copper she contributed only  90,000 tons out of a total of over a million tons,  a percentage that was even smaller in the case  of. petroleum, where it amounted to only one  million out of 47 million tons.  In salt and lead Britain's showing was more  satisfactory, amounting in the former case to  3% millions out of 18 million tons, and in the  latter to V. million out of 1% million tons. In  zinc her share was 22 per cent, 'out of over a  million tons, and in tin 55 per cent, of a total  of 126,000 tons.  Incidentally; mining and quarrying the world  over  absorbed 6i_.  million workers, of which  more than a third were employed in the British  Empire   and   a  fifth   in  the   United  Kingdom'  proper. -������  frlEMAI-irft  AN APPEAL TO THE B. 0. ELECTRIC  It would be a most acceptable boon to the  patrons of the company, if theXB. G. Electric  wouldT clear the obstruction to the view; from the  front of their cars; 'XX' i*XXX,X  No one, can .see the streets through which  they are passing. Our streets are worth seeing,  and it is a pity that this pleasure is denied  the passengers on the cars.  Especially is this the case, as we may expect that this summer many of������the visitors to  the Panama Exposition will pass this-way. It  might be expected that the opening of the.  vision at the front end of the cans would add a  good percentage to the traffic using them.  As it is now, no one ever gets on the car  for "pleasure, only for utility.  YmSBPAY'g FIRES  The fires which took place on the two bridges  on Thursday' morning were sufficiently startling. ' It seems probable that defective electric  wiring was the cause, and if so, it is a pity that  the conclusion should have been jumped to that  they were the Work of alien enemies. We hope^  such aliens have common sense enough to appreciate their paroJeVjand that there will be ho  foolish overt act which would involve the whole  colony in trouble. We hope tlie time will come  when by the declaration of peace they will be  neighbors again. X ^ X  On Sunday evening we attended service in a]  leading ^Church in this city.  As a visitor we were interested in the proceeding^., ^visitor is always more critical than'j  a regular attendant. We heard a most beautiful,]  musical program. The prayer, three congregational hymns, the reading of a short passage  t of scripture, and a short address marked it froml  ' a   sacred   concert. >     ' 1  The address followed a theme, and only twice]  broke out into practical personal touch. One!  of these was a strong warning to young'pier-[  sons boarding, and having _no other home than,  the bed room, against making that room a re-j  ception parlor, even though there were no other J  place available. The other was, a strong refer-]  ence to Billy Sunday. It was not altogether]  an attack on Billy Sunday and^his methods and.  peculiar vocabulary. But still it had all the  force of such' an attack and it left rather an \  unsavory  taste   in   the   mouth.  A- very strong passage of scripture came' to  our mind at that time which was this, "What  has thou to do, to judge another man's Bervant,  to his own master he standeth or falleth."  The thought would intrude itself that Billy  Sundayf albeit he might not suit the palate of  that particular church, could reach and' is  reaching classes that the earnest speaker of the  evening is not reaching. There is nothing to  say against the preacher of Sunday evening,  only this, that such an attack, if it was meant  for .thatf, $<} not belong to hia theme; and, was  wholly "gratuitous. N ' * ^' ** '  , For the rest the service was. very, refreshing from a certain standpoint, and was an excellent entertainment for the Sabbath evening.  The man on the street, however, has still a  good, old-fashioned faith in) the evangelistic service which- calls conscious sinners to public de- /J  cision for and acknowledgement of the Saviour.  Not every.man is an evangelist even though  he be a good preacher.   Billy Sunday seems to 1  be, as far as he lifts men, even though for many  the lifting he temporary, we bid. him speed.  , ��������� * X ���������   ���������������������������������������������������'  TJ'.E. Julien, in a letter on ''The Unemployed, '_' in Thursday's News-Advertiser, takes the  city to task for having insisted that the railroads should be built with white labor.1 V  XJIe assumes that" it; was the desire, of ;Mr.  Bbwiser that the work should have, been done  by Asiatics, and assures us that if it had been ]  done by Asiatics the lines would have been completed with the money'available.     ���������_:,  Further he assumes that because the city  insisted on the employment of white labor that  therefore, the city should support them.  Mr, BoWser may thank Mr. Julien for repre-  * sentingnim as a patron of Asiatic labor, but we  doubt it. v  We^ also doubt if Mr. Bowser ever imagined  that the city should be penalized for supporting  a.white province.  Admiralty, Whitehall, Apr. 17th, 1915.  From .Lord Fisher,, of Kilverstone,       A.....  First Sea Lord of. The Admiralty./  Dear Mr. EUis,-���������Thanks for your "War Warnings of a British Tar."   They are splendid.  Allow me to congratulate you upon your  ability to sing of the sea and of the strong  feeling of patriotism shown in your lyrics, typ- I  ical of the British navy,     x      x ^ |  Yours faithfully, v  X'xX[ : (Signed)      FISHE&X  W. A. Ellis, Esq.,  Vancouver, B> C. X       X  BUY YOUR PRINTING NOW  We can give you  and that is what  you are looking for  your printer;  ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������; ;���������>"..' .   '^ _������������������  THE PARTICULAR FEATURE OF OUR PLANT  ; is modern machinery  have the organization arid all  other up-to-date f^iHti^ for  [^ clean, effi^  TRUST JUS WITH YOUR NEXT ORDER  Nothing foo'-larJij&wJffi  Terminal Gity? Pifes������ Ltd.  Publishers of the Western Call and other Periodicals.  203-7 Kingsway Phone: Fair. 1140  ~.MtS*^-&~  >>t^-^>\.-__i!r:rjJr- J-zX.'j_a^t^<2 XvX.'.:  Friday; April 30?'19J5i  '9~tj-������'* ���������t.j^/y^i-  iv-xxxv  v^^X-  f< %x; ������r% ���������--"iv //,/��������� X  X(ft''xi  ^l>^'������*)$&*^  kkkj/k/k  jjjyy^jj.  r X*' '* *  /^'iX^Xo^^'^r^  xx-xx'  ������^xiill������^|li'  ykyy/kj  -.������������������^.XX'X  V'V.X;.'''1  llx-xl-if  '���������'"���������'. X!vX  :i������?S6SixS&  -yjAyjyj?.  'J/} _V :'���������'"'"',���������'"���������'J '.'.'-���������  ���������^^&x-.9;^X/.  x^xx  ^';^:M^STfflBlVi  wiii^Ml^^        v 'C'A:  v.-:-,,.--:.-V,V^,W,.,.;;,���������v.;,;..>,;,s<i.,,.,.....t^,.:..,::..,,.:f,?,.....1,.%  jhi  iff  From oitr Vanemver Kipling  "i -I ,       , 4  : WELL DONE!  Mourn for'the loved ones lost, but just remember  With you the nation mourns for'thbse who died,  And yet this common grief is quite forgotten,  Lost in the ocean of our. common pride.  What nobler death could- we /have wished our  loved ones, ,  Than that they die upholding honor's cause,  Glorious, full blooded, lustful, and for Britain  And in defence of all our, sacred laws.  Cold as they lay the world is,bending o'er them  Theirs is the sacrifice���������she has gained thereby,  Canada, to-day cries out, the countless thousands  Shows very plainly.how her sons can die.  Weep not, sad hearts, for time will surely show  y/  you  , *  Wbat freedom gains by sacrifice like this,  Time, kindly time, will throw her mantle o'er  you,  ii'.  Turn nights of sadness into days of bliss.  .{',"' ^W. A. ELLIS.  SOME DIFFERENCES  Here and there amongst our  dairymen are such splendid results attained that one can only  be astonished at the complacency with w^ich other so-called  dairymen continue to be content  with the pitifully small average  yields of ,milk per cow. Why  do the huge differences exist?  Just a few miles from here is  one of those poor herds, six cows  with' an average of only 3,338  pounds of milk; the highest yield-  only 4,000 pounds.  In contrast to that, two good  herds in western Ontario indicate  the possibilities for the man  |!' whose eyes are open to what milk  record 8 have to '' teach. One  herd of. 12 grades average 10,657  pounds of milk and 317 pounds  of fat: the second herd of 22  .grades averaged 10,542 pounds of  milk and 350 pounds of fat.  These marvellous differences  in herd yields drive home bard  facts. Men differ in their methods of feeding and handling cows,  feeds differ in value, cows differ  considerably in their inherent  capacity as milk producers, they  are not all cast in the same  |'  mould.  In the above two good herds  the constant use of milk records  has proved an excellent lever in  raising the production., Cow  testing pays.  LAND CLEARING  OPERATIONS COMMENCED  Victoria, B. C, Apr. 30th���������Reports received by the Hon. W. R.  Ross, minister of lands, show that  there has been a greatly increased - activity in clearing land on  the east side of Vancouver Island'during the past winter, and  that this work is continuing at  the present time. The clearing  has been extensive and has been  very thorough; not mere slashing, but clearing with the object  of raising crops. It is obvious  that the settlers are busily engaged in the preliminaries of increased production, and the indications* > generally are most encouraging.   ������ *  5 In .Korea, skilled'laborers receive tWenty-five cents a day and  unskilled laborers from twelve to  fifteen cents. Yet the Korean jubilee fund reached one hundred  and thirty-five thousand dollars  The Advance Agent of     X  oowojtT ap 09������vi8ia������wfqi;  Forms a closer union of Home,  Business and Friends.  9 For a limited time,. Business or  ���������;   * ���������  '. * "' - ��������� x .  Residence Telephones will be installed  upon  payment  of  $5.00  "   Rental in aoVancfe;;  fl For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  B. C TELEPHONE  COMPANY. LIMITED  ���������mijm&&mmm&^mm  ::-Xv.; ���������.X;sv,-^XX6^-"^^^  :Wx^&yk:wm^^MMm  /Mm/$s/lM^$^m  fc?:\ :';:%X; ;/;i������X:v X^���������wsS*b$  //yjy/ySMt/m������m  SI  ;':���������;������������������ ��������������������������� J-' S^hVtiv&^&iM  V:.WX X .X V'VV;Vv:':X:ite?MS'l  wxviina  ���������'",>,��������� Jy Sf ������������������.'������������������:-y^l^ AK-'���������;.?XIX$SJ  :���������'': Vi V; < /;. . V Xv AJZJJlJ: ,X^%?f  ��������� xx; ���������-���������jjjkkkjjyyjy^kjjj&M  SALMON ZMDUSIBT, BBXTIBH COLUMBIA  POSTAL LAWS OF CANADA  Under the Post Office Act,  Section 65, the Postmaster General has the exclusive privilege  of receiving, collecting, conveying and delivering letters within  Canada. '  Bills and accounts whether in  open or scaled envelopes, as well  as circulars or other printed  matter enclosed Jn envelopes sealed or ready >-to be sealed, are  "Letters" within the meaning of  the PoBt Office Act.  There is a penalty under  Section 136 of. the Post Office  Act which may amount to $20.00  for each, letter* unlawfully carried, k  It has been brought to the  attention of the Post Office  Department that some business  firms desiring- to avoid paying  the War Tax' which became  effective on the 15th April, propose making arrangements for  the delivery of - accounts, bills,  other than the Post Office, con-,  trary to the. Postal Act. and a  warning is hereby given that the  Post Office Pepartment intends  to iniist that the, law (shall be  rigidly lived- up to, and will in  no; circumstances allow these  parties to* avoid paying the one  cent tax which has been imposed for war purposes .  All letters conveyed, received,  collected, Sent or delivered in  contravention ;of the post Office  Act will be, seized and necessary  steps immediately taken for'the  prosecution of offenders in all  cases where the law has been contravened.  B. G. TIMBER EXHIBIT  TOE OUTGO*  FOR GERMANY  WOOD  DOraNION WOOD YARD  "SPECIALX  3 Loads of Edgings $5.00 in No. 1 District, also  All kinds of Mill Wribd  Phone: Fair. 1554  Germany will fight to the bitter end against decisive defeat if  for no other reason than that the  whole financial system is now dependent on relief from / external  sources. Her financial policy has  all along been based on the; belief that whatever the monetary  difficulties and the extent of commercial liabilities, a* successful  war would redress the balance  and provide the additional capital necessary for further industrial and trade expansion. That  hope, if it ever had any real basis, has already been destroyed.  Germany - is no .longer fighting  for world domination, but to  avoid disastrous defeat, which in  her ease means far more than  submission to superior arms. Germany is in the situation of a  gambler who is facing both immediate ruin and the forfeiture  of all that the future held.  The German people, enmeshed  in the toils of a paternalistic  ''government,-, do not understand  the situation into which they have  been brought. They*v are living  to-day in what is practically\a  huge experiment in state socialism. The government -in-order to  obtain temporary relief has resorted to devices that experience  has shown to be not only futile  but prolific in even greater evils  than those it was purposed to remove. Unless Germany can liquidate her paper currency and  obligations by levies drawn from  enemy countries, her outlook is  dark indeed. Germany by her  conduct of the war is already a  pariah among civilized nations.  Defeat will leave her in worse  plight than. any country has ever  been. But to that pass Germany  must be brought if. a new and  better Europe is to be created.  ���������Winnipeg Telegram.  The campaign directed by the  Hon. W. R. Ross, Minister of  lands, in order, to educate the  consumer in district .markets  concerning the .qualities and  adaptability of. British. Columbia  woods, has been advanced another step, the first consignment of  the permanent . exhibits, to be  stationed at important trade  centres throughout the world,  having been already dispatched.  Each exhibit is of a comprehensive character, showing the  principal woods of the Province  in both natural and finished  states, displaying the Various  styles of manufactured material  for which each species is adapted.  Accompanying the exhibit are  photographs intended to convey  an idea of the extent of the great  lumbering industry, and showing  the course of the,log from the  forest to mill and loading wharf.  In addition, information is supplied by means of printed cards,  concerning the douglas fir, cedar,  hemlock and spruce.   ���������  ,'1 The eight sets already forwarded will be on view-at five trade  <^Wtres in the-United Kingdom,  namely, ' London, Birmingham,  Manchester, Bristol and Glasgow,  also at-Paris, Shanghai and Yokohama, in the case Of the respective Canadian Trade Commissioners, -and cannot fail to  attract the attention of importers.  There will shortly be sent out  the balance of the exhibits, sixteen in number, destined for sixteen points in Australia. New  Zealand, South Africa; the East  and West Coasts of America,  and Eastern Canada.  FEATURE FILMS AT'  BROADWAY THEATRE  Manager Gow Arranges for Paramount Pictures During Coming Months���������No Inoraase in  Prices ��������� Annette KeUerman  Coming Second Week in May.  "BOUOK OH EAT������'������ cImt* oat  nto, miee,'etc. Don't die-ia tb*  house. lSe and 25e ntdirog aad ������out  ���������tores.  ���������a  Phone Seymour 9086  - /  "CaravaningX igXav po  .A������*    4*1 n    n*-_v_4b_j1    *������** a **_ - _*nAn4ir\__  ar  way to spend one's vacation days  in England, and huge wagons  are fitted up and rented to those  who enjoy the gipsy way of living. In these great wagons one  can ride by day and sleep by  night. A more luxurious form of  travel will be afforded by, the  automobiles now being constructed. The seat backs and cushions  of the cars can be shifted, in  order to supply the tourists with  comfortable, beds and render  them independent of the poor accommodation of country inns.  Dr. Mildred Scott describes a  boat-race at the w Feast of the  Dragons in China. It was in a  large pond outside the walls of  Chaoyang. "These races," she  says, "are the only occasions  when the Chinese really 'let go'  of themselves and yell with excitement. They certainly were  good 'fans' that afternoon as  their long boats, manned by eight  pairs of oarsmen, a steersman and  a gong man, went shooting off at  the gunshot) very swift dragons  indeed. Everyone near the  road, though, took time to stare  at the foreigner, even if the boats  were on the home stretch." Doctor Scott is a missionary in Chao-  yarigXv  Manager Gow, ��������� of the Broad*  way theatre, has arranged for  feature photo plays at his cosy  little house that are only shown  at the highest priced houses in  the city before appearing here,  so that there is no necessity of  going down town to a show when  you can get the best' on the  "Hill," and save car fare in doing so. He has arranged for the  appearance of. the five reel paramount "Behind the Scenes"  with the little star of filmdom,  Mary Pickford. This is - a fascinating play that contracts the  drama of life with- the glamor  of the foot lights. This feature  will only be shown on Wednesday and Thursday nights next  -eek. Thia is only, the first of  this series.    /  Monday and Tuesday, May 10-  11, Annette KeUerman will be  shown in "Neptune's Daughter."  This is the famous picture produced by Capt. Leslie Peacocke,  many of the scenes being, taken  in Cuba, where a special trip was  made by the full cast of the production.  On Monday night a mixed bill  with a good percentage of comedy Will be shown, including  "Under the Table," a ridiculous  L-Ko farce, also a couple of western j dramas for good measure.  The usual weekly drawing will-  he held on Tuesday night at 8.30.  Four prizes and you must be present to win.  =^ Lastpbut^notrleastrthev" Mas^  tpr Key" fans will be regaled  with the final episode of this interesting serial. The hero and  heroine marry, the villain dies by  his own hand, and the sole remaining member of the; band of  "onspirators repents of. her sins.  Just like all good melodrama  should end. , The closing scenes  arc very effective and you can-  riot afford to miss the last instalment of one of the most successful filnrstories ever produced.  "The Black Box." by that popular writer, E. Phillips Oppen-  heim, and produced by the Universal Company, will commence  Friday and Saturday, May 14-15,  following chapters following the  same days on succeeding weeks.  ' X;X!  JT  XX*]  f jit,   A J  . c     ' "  l   -.   rt   '  ,       I    '   I  /���������      '       L    I  I1      -" ���������  ** H    J-  I    4   t   *> ]]  WS NEVER DEALT IN  WILD OAT .80HEME8  but place before our clients .  bona fide exceptional opportunities for profitable and.  safe investment.  We bave  confidence in  Vancouver and in ourselves,  and if you aeek sound i������-^  vestments call and consult^'  x~.  .x?l  us.  ������  Dow, fwswv]^  *T*n*w    *m*AW*eeWynj������w**f*e^e4f,    *\wyr*Wj9wT. ������������������" wf-^**9V. . .Wfrvr*  McKay Station. Burnaby   A  The University of Wisconsin  is particularly closely in touch  with the life of the people in its  constituency. Two of its latest  moves are a correspondence  course for Health Officers, and a  Public Speaking course for bus  iness and professional men,. In  the later course, training is given  in the preparation and delivery  of speeches, and assistance in the  working up of any special  subject.  A man recently discharged from  Sing Sing prison lias been employed at the Ford automobile  factory in Detroit, in accordance  with the policy which Henry  Ford announced a few weeks ago,  Mr. Ford proposes to live up to  his principles, and the outcome  of his experiment in rehabilitating fallen men will be seriously  watched by all friends of human  redemption.  'Mi0mMm  JJJ%y!ffi''3mi  wxMQwwfm or cx>ai������ Harare,  ������������<Hn.AT90Vf  Coal minlns righu of 'tho Dominion,XX??5sSj������|||  In Manitobo. Bukatchawan and Alb������^X^%^*Ssl  tho Yukon Territory, tho Northwoot Tor-  ritorlea and in a portln of tho Province  of British Columbia, may b������ loaaod for  a to'rm of twenty-ono yeari ataOi annual  rental of |1 an acre. Not more than  2569 acre* will be loaaod to one applicant. ���������-.-"'��������� X   '" ���������  Application for a leaae muat bo made  by the appVcant In person to tho Agent  or Sub-Agent of the dlatrlct in which  the right* .applied for are attuated.  In Hurveted territory tho land muat be  described ->by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of; .sections, and in unsurreyed  territory1 the tract applied for shall be  staked out. by the applicant himself.  Each application must bo aeoompan-  led by ���������'fee of fS. which will bo refunded if the rights applied for aro not  available, but not otherwise. A royalty shall- be paid on the merchantable out*  put of the mine at tho rate of/t cents  per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the. royalty thereon. If tho coal mining rights  are not being. operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will Include the coal mining  rights only, but the lessee may bo permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may bo considered neees-  eary for the working of the mine at the  rate of f 10.00 an acre.  For full Information application should  be made to the Secretary of tho Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of tho Interior.  N. 8.���������Unauthorised publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  Chicago claims the largest moving electric sign in the world. It  is fifty feet high and one hundred and forty feet long, and At  can be seen for a mile along the  lake front.   '  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8912.  1101 Dominion Building. 6  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 29th, 1915.  J  3fam "Wt\t ������to-5Iittu>r  ff  ������2ittri> by  Hfelix ftettn*  PIONEER OF PIONEERS  A Notable Absentee from the Pioneers'  Banquet  (By Noel Bobihson)  It has been suggested to me by the  Editor that this opening number of  "The Old-Timer" would be incomplete if it had no reference to one  of the two first white men���������excepting Captain Vancouver and his merry  men many years before���������to land on  Burrard Inlet, Mr. Walter Moberly.  His companion, who long since, passed  to the Great Beyond, has his name  kept green by Burnaby. Walter Moberly was present exactly a year ago  as one of the guests of honor at the  Pioneers' Banquet. He and Mr. Cambie and Mr. Abbott, three white-haired pioneers, constituted a notable tri-  umverate at the head table and each  had a few words to say about the  "dear dead days beyond recall." Today the man who, more than any  other, explored the wild interior of  this splendid province, blazing the  trail for those who were to follow,  lies seriously b ill in the Vancouver  General Hospital, and the sympathy  of the great body of the pioneers of  this province, and not only of. the  Vancouver pioneers, goes out to him  in the pain he is suffering.  Puring the several months of his  sojourn at the General Hospital, where  he has received every attention, and  where until quite recently, when the  illness which has attacked his throat  has made talking a strain, his consistent cheerfulness and reminiscent  talk has-imade hiro a wonderfully interesting v patient to  visit,  Mr.  Mo-  herly has maintained the keenest interest in affairs of the day.   He has  had a host kot visitors, the most fre-  . quent being his old friends, Mr. and  Y Mrs. Fred Wade and Mrs. Chrimes,  their daughter, at whose house he has  heen a welcome guest /every week for  many years  past,  and his  visitors  have included many notable pioneers  in this province, ahd not a few new-  timers who have learned of the services which he has rendered to the  province long before any of them came  here.   Puring this enforced rest  at  _ __the h.ospitaLhe_ha8^done-a4ot of-read-^  ing and covered a wide, field, hooks  upon the present great war and hooks  of travel and exploration occupying a  lot of his attention.   And he has written many letters.   His  eyesight has  been as clear, his handwriting nearly  as firm and his intellect as keen as  ever.     And now that he has much  pain to bear, it is the duty of all who  have known and admired this explorer  and trail-maker, this man, who more,  perhaps, than any other, made possible  the bringing of the Canadian Pacific  railway to Vancouver, to visit and help  to cheer him up.  "Bocks and Rivers of B. 0."  There are just two other matters I  would like to refer to here.   The one  has reference to Mr. Moberly's work  and the other has reference to his  family. Quite recently he sent to  England to a sister for a book, of  which he is the author, a copy of  which he could not get out here, entitled "The Rocks and Rivers of British Columbia." This book, which is  racily written and accompanied by a  map of B. C, drawn by himself, was  published in the early eighties, and  contains, couched in different language  many of the adventures and explorations described in our little book  entitled "Blazing the Trail through  the Rockies," published quite recently. I cannot resist quoting the modest  preface which Mr. Moberly wrote  thirty years, ago to "The-Rocks and  Rivers of British Columbia." It  strikes a patriotic note and is worth  quoting.  "The gradual development of the  Dominion of Canada by a comparatively small and scattered population  and, the gigantic work undertaken by  that population to consolidate and  build up a nation worthy of the grand  old British Empire, together with the  important geographical position British Columbia occupies in Confederation, has led me to write a few, pages  describing in part some events that  occurred when British Columbia was  a Crown Colony, and more recently a  portion of the Dominion of Canada,  with both of which periods I was,  to some extent, personally acquainted. The warm interest always taken  by you in this province, and my own  efctrly acquaintance with you here, induces me to dedicate my small and  imperfect work to you." Mr. Moberly  then dedicates it to Major-General  Richard Clement Moody, Royal Engineers, who was Colonel Moody when he  came out to B. C. in '58 in command  of the Royal Engineers, that body of  men which did so much to help to lay  the foundations of this province, and  many of whom have bequeathed worthy children who are following the  fine traditions set them by their parents. ��������� V XV   ,  An Astonishing Pioneer Family  I would clofce this reference to Walter Moberly with a -word about the  Moberly family. We in British Columbia are proud of such stalwart  pioneers���������to name a few of the real  Old Brigade���������as John McLennan, H.  J. Cambie, James Gillespie, Steve  Tingley,: Hob Stevenson, Hi. Abbott,  Edgar Dewdney, Dr. Helmcken, Donald MacGregor, the late R. H. Alex-  j ander, and others of that breed���������but,  fine as these men have been and still  are, individually, it is doubtful whether any one of them can lay claim  to a band of brothers and, sis-;  ters as remarkable for longevity and  pioneer activity as the Moherly family.  The oldest member of this family is  Lady Brydges, still living in Radnorshire, Wales, at the advanced age Nof  87, her sistsr, Emma Brydges Moberly, <  who is also resident in Radnorshire;  being over 70 years of age, Arthur  and-ClarenceXMoberly^both^ed wellr  up in years, hut four brothers still  survive, George, Harry, Frank and.  Walter, a remarkable quartette, George,  who lives at Collingwood in Eastern  Canada, is 85; Harry ,a farmer in  Saskatchewan, is 81; Frank, who lives  at Gravenhurst, Barrie, hear the |������o-  berly's early home, is 79; and Walteri  is 83. Of these brothers, three have  been explorers, surveyors and civil'  engineers, Frank, Harry and Walter,  most of their wort having cbeenr done  in the wilds of British Columbia, and  Harry and Frank have had nearly as  varied and remarkable careers as their  brother Walter. I shall not be breaking a confidence if I refer to a letter received by Walter Moberly from  Harry Moberly last week, written in  that   wonderfully   clear   hand   which  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phono Fairmont 84-5  Corner Broadway and Main A. F, McTavish, Prop.  three of the four brothers still retain,  because in the course thereof, the latter states: ���������  "Those d d   Germans   are, still  holding out wonderfully and doing a  lot of harm. My son Walter is enlisting and so may George. They are  both dead shots and good riders and  have both been under fire in the Boer  war, one with the Strathconas, and  the other with the Cape Mounted  Police." The Moberly blood speaks  there���������the grandfather of those boys  fought under 'Wellington in the Napoleonic wars. Then there is just this  half-sad touch, "Fanny writes me that  George is very feeble, and you and I  are on the down grade and will soon  have to employ Charon." We all  hope that it may be long before the  surviving members of this remarkable  family "have to employ the grim boatman to ferry them across the dark  river, but when they do, they will not  cease to be, for their works will remain after them, and they will leave  many fragrant memories' behind.  SHAKESPEARE���������"An   Old   Timer'  It was a happy thought to select  April the 23rd���������the birthday of  Shakespeare���������for the annual banquet  of the "Vancouver Pioneers' Association.  Shakespeare, although he died comparatively young, had the heart of an  "Old Timer." At Stratford-on-Avon,  where he was horn and where be died,  he took an interest in the town's welfare. He loved old places, old tales,  old memories; he praised old age  '' frosty but kindly.'' Vancouver honours herself in honoring his memory.  rm vwvoxe or twe ?oju������t  'Old Timers who' have seen the glorious  trees depart to make way for "skyscrapers  and stores" will appreciate the following  lines by John Mortimer:  But slowly 4*4 tbe work *4veuc*; to t������U  ������[ow, thrown with skill, the forest monarch*  f*������,  To me were ptawwrnt���������prono and paraJlal;  This way e������4 that, tb������lr bugo boughs interlaced, 'x:       , 'X  Tlor over t*������ for great bontoes placed,  With terrible d*������c������nt; but fearlier all  We laid them low and cllmbf4 each swaying well  To cut the higher trunk* .and bough*, and lay  Compact for burning at ������ome future 4ay���������  And listening now r bear those bonfire* war.  And see great sheet* of flame that sky-  .;��������� ward .soar,,  Triumphant beacona of thy future, greit,  Ob, Canada! our dearly loved estate.  Thus fared the nobiest of our fbre*t^tt������e������T  Wboae branches  mingled,  bending  in  tbe  breeze  For broad, unmeasured leagues on eyery ride,  All green and glorious in their rammer's  tfpri4e!  The" home of rustling wing* and nimble feet.  The Bed Man's shelter, and the deer'* re-  ���������   treat.--  A splendid collection of  stirring verse  U  ByWyA.UJJS,\^  "tt -, ;-���������������������������'-. XXX  For sale by all book stores  and at the Western Gall.  25c a Copy  V  \  Quality in  VOU realize the favorable  impression created by  the' letterhead, that, because  of its dignity and richness,  stands alone in the mass of  your morning's mail. Naturally you desire your correspondence to have an equally  pleasing effect upon your  customers.  HPHE many advantages of  **��������� striking, distinctive letterheads are generally realized. But in spite of a keen  appreciation of these facts,  the problem of securing really effective letterheads without unwarranted extravagance is a real problem.  *  Tm$ problem may be easily  solved by giving your  J^ttting to M TERMINAL  is$e<^  p pur w(^  will fit your ideas of economy.  * x^^  cm only be acquired after  years of experience;  WE PRINT   G^LOGUES  GOMMERGIAL  STATIONERY  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY  !V������V-V -IVWi^rK'" XX'W  --     4-J  j v  j    i  \ ��������� i it-  -JM  Friday, April 29th, 1915.  j:-x- , vxv, ///^/^/i/mmym  'X    -     ,,��������� ^x^XH^x^  - .-���������* ,���������>���������_/ jo?  ^ *jAi  THE WESTERN ;,CALL  Boss Johnson, the Victoria net  guardian, is looking after the interests of the Victoria amateurs  in the- ������oast league this summer.  ���������   ��������� ��������� ���������  It will soon be time for Con  Jones to announce his team for  this year. It is to be hoped that  he is successful in landing La-  londe and the Fitzgerald brothers for his team.  ��������� The 47th battalion at New  Westminster is in the field with  a lacrosse team. .Probably taking Charlie Querrie's suggestion  re hand grenade brigade for service at the front.  Dot Crookall, the " old Maple  leaf star, will be seen in a Vancouver jersey this season, according to Con. Crookall is one  of the most effective home men  in the game, and with Lalonde,  and Fitzgerald, should be a tower  of strength to Vancouver.  * *   ���������  The rival teams in the amateur  lacrosse league of B. C. are getting down to hard practice for  the opening of the season two  weeks hence. Dad Trnbull,' the  .veteran of lacrosse in New Westminster, is behind the Fraser River amateurs, and Dad says the  championship is his this year.  Well, Dad said that same thing  last season, but Vancouver still  has the edge on the other two  teams. The brand of lacrosse  played by the amateurs, is, in  our opinion considerably ahead  of that displayed by the professionals in recent years, and if the  teams still keep up the good article there is small chance for it  being supplanted by the professional artists.  ��������� ������������������ ���������  i  Vancouver ball team is getting  off to a good start in the race  for the pennant this 'year, and  game   seems   to   indicate  tunate in again picking up, a  bunch of youngsters who will  make good in the game in this  league. Last week on the honie  lot the champions won the series from Victoria, and so far this  week are doing well in Seattle.  It is sometimes hard just to figure out how a team' will shape  up in a series. Playing every  day is .a tedious and nerve-racking job, and the Beavers are certainly deserving of gilt-edged  support this season." Times, undoubtedly are hard, but real fans  will stay with the team to the  best of their ability throughout  the season. And, let us remind  Mariager Brown, in this respect,  that a few gratis days all around  woul<J be a good thing for the  encouragement of the fans.  CORRESPONDENCE  1549 Hastings St., \  April 27, 1915.,    ,  Editor Western .Call:        k^  1 Dear   Sir,���������I   am   a  property  owner in the/city of Vancouver  and I am in arrears of taxes for'  the years 1913 and 1914, and I  am unable, to meet those taxes at  present, and I consider it an outrage to bave a tax sale  these  hard times. ��������� I wish to^ become a  member of your proposed organization. 1     ,      ,    Ju     ���������        I  Yours respectfully,  WM. PEDDER.  ���������������(  ~_������E__.  y/,.~k*rZ-+-  NAVIGABLE     WATEBff  TION ACT  ' PBOTEO-  Con Jones holds the whip just  now in the professional league.  He wants the champions to put  up a bond that they will , appear throughout the entire  season. We are not anxious to  stir up old troubles, but it must  be remembered that it has been  the Vancouver patronage that has  given the professionals a look-in  out here. And in this respect, it  is with regret that we have to  remind the Salmonbellies that on  more than one occasion they disappointed the Vancouver public.  We believe Jones is perfectly  right in his demands. He has to  guarantee his 'players a certain  stipend, that stipend he can get  only by the returns of the box  office, which in turn can only he  had when the teams play the  game. Mr. Westminster, it is  certainly up to you to come  through with the desired bond.  Con Jones, we understand, is prepared to come through with a  similar bond on behalf of .the  Vancouver club. ��������� And when all  is said and done, during Con's  regime   as  magnate   Vancouver  736 Granville St.,  April 27, 1015.  Editor Western Call:  Dear Sir,���������In your last issue of  the Call I find some printed remarks regarding the proposed  Tax ' Sale. r There is a point I  think that should not be lost  sight of by the owners of property that have paid their taxes. For instance, a lot that is assessed for, say seven hundred  dollars ($700) that was sold two  or three years ago for say one  thousand dollars ($1,000) may be  in arrears forty ($40) or fifty  dollars ,($50). Should the tax  sale go on and the lot be sold for  taxes the purchasers will be in a  position A to -sell for very much  less than-the assessed value. Consequently, \all the lots that are  sold for taxes will have to be <rat|"ne. of *!.e ?e_*' Granville Street  of the way before the owner of a ^?V^:S Sff^JlS*^  lot  t hat   has  Notice is hereby given , that' the  Vancouver - Harbour Commissioners  have deposited with the Minister of  Public Works for the Dominion of  Canada, as required by Section 7,  Chapter 115 of the Revised Statutes of Canada plans and descriptions of a bulkhead and fill' to be  built and constructed in False, Creek,  Vancouver, B. C, and that duplicates  of said plan and description h'ave  been deposited with the begistrar of  Deeds  at  the  Land   Registry   Office,  Vancouver,  B.  C. " ��������� .  ' And take notiee that at the expiration of one month from the date  hereof the Vancouver Harbour Com-  micHionera will apply to the Governor-  in-Council of the Dominion of Canada for approval of said plans and  for permission to-build and construct  ���������aid bulkhead* and'fill.  The description by metes and* bounds'  of the site xof said bulkheads and fill  is   aB   follows:  All and singular, that certain par  eel or tract of land and land covered  with water, situate, lying "and being  in the ,Province,of British Columbia,  in the District of New s Westminster,  in the City of Vancouver, and being  composed of a portion of the bed of  False Creek, in the public harbour  of Vancouver, and generally known  as the Granville Street Mud Flats;  and which may be more particularly  known and described as follows, that  is  to  say:  Beginning at a point on the centre  paid his taxes  promptly will be able to dispose  of his property, and will, consequently suffer to a very large extent. Indeed,' would it not be better to deal with these tax sale  lots much as they do in some  parts of Minnesota. There, for  instance, after three years have  elapsed and the taxes are  not paid the lot is sold to  the- city,' and the delinquent is  charged 12 per cent, per annum  from the date forward,, and the  future taxes if unpaid are added  together with all unpaid taxes,  bringing in 12 per cent., all being a first charge on the proper-  every   game   seems   to   indicate enjoyed her best in the profes  that Bob Brown has been for-lsional same.  sional game. .  Don't Procra������tinate���������Plant .Soon  ������ ,*T������ .British Columbia Apples, in a world competition, captured the  Gold Medal prize. This means, that the B. C. orchards will lead the world.  A word to tbe wise is sufficient.  We are offering choice varieties of our one year old apple tree stock  at Tan Dollars per 100; two and three year old stock reduced accordingly.  Oor other fruit tree stock and general nursery stock we give *30 per cent, off  catalogue price, allowed in additional stock.   Cash to accompany order.  In our stock of over $100,000 we have everything yon want to make  your orchards greater and your gardens more beautiful. Cataldgues mailed  free on application.  >      Patronize home growers, and build up a home pay roll.  -  ftor*u\ MuiMRifs, umireo  Bead Oflce, 710 Dominion Bldg., 207 Bastings St. W. phone, Sey. 5656  Store, 2410 Granville St, Pbone, Bay. teste.  Nurseries sod Oreenbomes, Royal, on tbe 8  O. J3. By. Eburoa Branch,  Pbone, gburne 43  /'  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Forbes fo;  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  *���������������������������' 'ninPF!������'  (200) feet distant from the centre t>f  the swing span, measured south  thirty-eight degrees fifty minutes west  (S. 38 deg. 50 min. W.) along said  centre line of bridge; thence south  forty-one degrees east (S. 41 deg. 00  min. E.) one thousand ' and forty  (1040) feet more or less to the point  of intersection with a line drawn parallel to and seven hundred and forty-  nine and one-tenth (749.1) feet distant from the weBt boundary of Birch  Street, measured easterly at right  angles thereto; thence' south along  ������aid parallel line, four hundred and  seventy-six (476.0) feet more or less  to the point of intersection with a  line drawn parallel to and two hundred feet distant from' the headline  between Spruce and Birch Streets,  approved by the Vancouver Harbour  Commissioners on April 22nd, 1914,  I said distance being measured north at  ty until 8UCh time as the arrears|������ght angles thereto; thence weBt six  flniiAl one nnartor nf fhi* Aonpatux. hundred and ninety-six and five-tenths  equal one quarter or tne assessea (6965)   ������eet  more ,        th  value, then sell it. to the highest      -   ��������� ���������    - -- -      '  bidder. If a man cannot pay his  taxes tbis year it_is* unlikely he  can pay it in a 'year, thereby  losing his lot and at the same  time ruining the real estate market for a number of years until  all tax sale lots are out of the  way. By a procedure as above  the city or municipality would  be the gainer of 6 per cent., as  money can be borrowed by them  at 6 per cent, or less, and the security to the party loaning the  money would be much better  than loaning on a high assessed  value.Besides it looks bad to sell  property for taxes and the knowledge that a tax sale is pending  has a tendency to stop real estate deals until it is over. I  firmly believe if no tax sale was  in the air that real estate would  quickly pick up and many sales  would be made. _ ���������   _   _  A. M. BEATTIE.  Now is the  Time  to Buy  X    We have a; special Sale of Hose on. now.  Regular $5.50 for - $4.75      '  V^vR^^;i5.00: for - $4.00  This Hosie is 50 feet long.complete with couplings and  nozzle.     Phone us your order.XWe make prompt delivery.  Wi R. 0 wen JMdr rison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  *>  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  An exchange reports that one  hundred young Quakers from the  .Universities of Oxford and. CamT  bridge have constituted an ambulance corps.. This has , been  sent to aid the wounded Serbs.  It is maintained by the entire  body of. "Friends" in Great Britain.       .  north sixty degrees thirty-one minutes  west   (N������ 60   deg.   31  min.-W.)   five  hundred    and    sixty-four    and    two-  tenths    (564.2)    feet   more, or   less;  thence north ' forty-one  degrees  thirty-  two minutes west (41 deg. 32 min. W.)  four-hundred, and  nine  and one-tenth  (409.1)    feet   more   or   less;    thence  north   twenty-seven' degrees   eighteen  minutes west (N. 27 deg. 18 min. W.)  five hundred and twenty-two and two-  tenths    (522.2)    feet,    the   last    four  above    described    courses    being    al.  ways   parallel   to   and   two   hundred  (200)   feet distant from  the headline  between Spruce Street and First Ave.  approved   by  the   Vancouver   Harbour  Commissioners   on   April   22nd,   1914,  tbe  said  distance  being  measured   at  tight   angles   thereto; .  thence    north  twelve degrees  two  minutes east   (N.  12 deg. 02 min. E.)  five hundred and  seventy    (570)    feet;    thence    north  fifty degrees twenty-nine minutes east  (N. 50 deg. 20 min. E.)  one hundred  and   ninety   and   four-tenths    (190.4)  feet,      thence       north       eighty-seven  degrees east  (N. 87  deg. 00 min. B.)  three hundred  and  thirty-one   (331.0)  feet more or less to the point of intersection   with_ the _first   above_ described   course   produced   north   forty-  one degrees west (N. 41 deg. 00 inin.  W.)    thence   south   forty-one   degrees  east   (S.   41   deg.   00   min.   E.)   along  the   said   first   described   course   produced   six   hundred   and   forty   (640)  feet more or less, to the point,-of beginning;   containing an area of forty-  one and eight-tenths (41.8) acres, more  or less, as shown on> plans referred to.  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 28th  day of April, A.D., 1915.  W. D. HARVIE,  Secretary.  HEATING EconoXraTiio^iclen^  Our Susincss has bees built up by merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.   '       --  1095 Homer St. Sey. 661  VtsVK-./  1 -"������������������'', '-'  . >-X'-'  ���������      ?v.'..  X 'y^  r?  ���������      -    l   4.   >J-  /k/'y  *���������*���������������"  J ^ j *   vy  XX> -.  ., ' X 4?  - J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  6. IComy  House Phone: Bay. 1187L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766       :  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and .Store Fixture ilanufacturers  .Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhaogtaf and Kalsomlnlnf  8he������: 1068 Dunsmuir St. Vanceuv**. 0.C.  !'    ������l>  ^xC<  X/5  "SO GOOD" IS  4X BREAD  It's so good that thousands of good housewives  daily shift the burden of baking Bread on our shoulders.    Home made on a big scale. That's 4X.  Phone Fair. 44 for Shelly's 4X  ���������>     ft I- w '.  - ,X ;;���������  4- "j?������  *     -y s  X 'J  X  ���������" * xx  >X:.  *r   r1  '  'l' \ 1* -  f,-- Hi    _��������� 'Hj ' l  '   -   XX  X  AtfiV^  ���������>       '   _ *     ftr       i r s  For Sale or For Rent Cards, 10t Each  SFBIKOTIME, LOWER FEASEE VALLEY . w..u,w rjB.lM.^KlA. jB^^_rfi���������.������^,U'uuv.)JJu-v l������au.iu.arM y^^^J^J.'.^!S^^^!^^!^!S!S.^Sim^S-  '6P.2,t!K.lst������wfcfcL=)iw ihv AiC4u.4^. zi&um..  '���������V������W-������  8  TflE~ WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 30, 1915.  SOCIAL AND PERSONAL  Rev, Newton Powell has received a unanimous call to St.  Paul's church, Avenue road, Toronto.  Rev. Dr. Crummy has accepted the important and onerous  duty of Principal of Wesley College, Winnipeg.  ' Rev. Mr. Bradshaw, of Sixth  Avenue Methodist church, will  shortly go east to take up pastoral work in another field.  The 30th anniversary of the  First Presbyterian church will be  celebrated on Tuesday, llth May.  Dr. E. D. McLaren and Dr. 0. C.  Pidgeon are the speakers for the'  evening, and a splendid musical  program  is  being  arranged.  Mount Pleasant Presbyterian  choir, under the direction of Mr.  L. R. Bridgman, F.T.C.M., gave  a splendid concert in St. Matthew's church, Garden Drive,  last evening Rev. A. Macauley,  pastor of the church, occupied  the chair, and a large turnout  heard with appreciation the efforts of the visitors. Afterwards  the choir and their friends were  entertained and served with refreshments by the ladies of the  church.  The Presbytery of Westminster  meets in St. Stephen's Presbyterian church, New Westminster,  on May 4th.  x Rev. J. H. White, of Eburne,  moderator of the New "Westminster presbytery, has accepted the  position of chaplain of the 54th  battalion, which is being mobilized in the Kootenay district.  Dr. Coy will shortly move into  his former residence, cor. llth  and Main, and with that in view  has had the decorators busy for  some time brushing up the interior and exterior of his home.  Dr. Murray, former occupant,  has moved to the 500 block, 12th  avenue east.  MT. PLEASANT Y.P.B.O.B.  The regular meeting on Monday evening last was in the hands  of the Missionary Committee on  the subject "Christ's Work in the  Mission Field." Some very interesting  papers   were  read   on  Jos. H. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C.  Livingstone, " Geddie,- Chalmers  and several others by the various  members of the committee.  The topic for next Monday is  "The Joys of. Christian Life,"  and will be taken by Miss Edna  Gow and Miss Anna Beattie.  FIRE DESTROYS RESIDENCE  Owing to the damage to the  Connaught bridge yesterday' by  fire, the B. C. Electric /will not  be able to operate its Oak Street  line running from Eburne to Hastings and Cambie streets on its  regular route. The transporta-  ton officials of the company have  decided to establish the Vancou-,  ver terminus of this line at Granville street and Fourth avenue  until the bridge is repaired. The  cars will proceed along Broadway  and Granville Street. The' corner of Fourth Avenue and Granville street was. selected as the  terminus as it' gives opportunity  to transfer to a number of lines  coming into the 'centre of the  city.       y  OAMPBELL-McDONALD  A quiet wedding took place at  8 o'clock last evening in First  Presbyterian church, when Miss  Annie Balfour McDonald and Mr.  Donald Campbell, both*of Mount  Pleasant, were united in marriage  by Rev, R. G. MacBeth. The  bride" was attended by Miss Agnes R. Hall, while Mr. Duncan  Campbell assisted the groom> A  large number of friends were  present to witness the ceremony.  The young couple will make their  home at 124 Webber Avenue,  South Vancouver, where their  many friends will wish them joy  abundant in the days to come.  Last evening about 8 o'clock  fire'broke out in the residence of  Mr. James Duncan, 1323 Broadway East, and with the high  wind blowing soon gutted the  building beyond "repair. -How it  started is unknown, as the family are away from home at the  present time, only Mr. Duncan,  jr., being at home. The firemen  responded promptly, and had a  nasty job' subduing the conflagration, the - building! being badly  gutted. The loss is covered by  insurance to the extent of $2;000.  THE CRISIS IN B. C.  A, meeting was held last evening in Hamilton Hall to discuss  the above problem. The meeting  was called by the ministerial association and was addressed by  Rev. A. E. Cooke and Rev. Dr.  G. C. Pidgeon, the main point  taken by both speakers being a  condemnation df the land policy  of. the present government.  Some grave accusations were  made and these,, the rev. gentlemen claim to be able to substantiate. A large turnout was  recorded, and those present  seemed to be deeply interested  in the references made.  WOMEN'S FORUM  Built for  *% Comfort  '.THE CREATION" AT  CHALMERS CHURCH  On, every, occasion���������social or busi-  new���������J^ECKJE SHOES stand ont  pre-eminently. Into every shoe  CHABACTEB is built. We bave  not been satisfied to sell you just  shoes���������-we see that you receive tbe  maximum shoe satisfaction. -  Step into any of tbe leading deal-  - era in Vancouver or- elsewhere-and  examine tbe LECKIE SHOE. Note  tbe HONEST leather���������tbe style.  Then wear a pair���������they will outwear almost any ottier made���������and  you'll become an ardent LECKIE  advocate.  A grand concert will be given  in Chalmers.' Presbyterian, churehj  corner. 12th Avenue and Hemlock streets, on'Thursday,. May,  6th, at 8.15 p.m., when the West-1  ern Triple Chote, under the leadership of Mr. George Taggart,  will render Haydn's great ora-,  torio, "The Creation." The following will \be the soldlsts: Mfce,  Eileen Giiley, soprano; Mr. John  Grahaih, tenor; -Mr. Fred *Ta������-  gart, bass. A sbqrt 'miscellaneous,  program, wi|l follows the' render^  rag of the oratorio. Mr. 1$. Baf-  low will ac^ as accompanist?  Admission, free. Silver-Oollectiotf!  A public meeting will be held  under the auspices of the Women's Forum in the Oddfellows'  Hall, Main street, on Wednesday,  May 5th, at 2.00 p.ni.  The women voters of the ward  and all other women interested  in civic matters, are requested to  attend. Several prominent public  speakers will be present to address the-meeting of civic matters of interest to women. Mr.  R. A. Fraser, from, -the B. C.  Consumers' League, will-speak on  ������he, objects of this organization,  and the advantages to,be gained  by buying, 'IMade in B. C."  goods.  , It is tbe purpose of the Forum  to organize, a- branch in Ward  five in order to; bring the women  of this ward -in. closer touch  ;with the workings of the organi  Ration.      -���������i;     -'X.  CONNAUGHT 9JUPCHB BURNT  ^ Daring the early hours of yes  Ijjterday^ morning fire was noticed  emanating from the lower portions of Connaught bridge, the  big new, span across False creek.  An exceedingly���������> high wind, waa  blowing at the, time, and it took  only a short while for the blaze  ���������mt "��������� v - r������i * _t _l j- . *������" become serious.. The fire sys-  Mount . Pleasant..    Methodist tem of the city was speedily sUm-  $������le} ^iKj.J^lL' ?!"&W fcpned:and. the task was indeed a  difficult one. The. framework of  114 Broadway, Near Main  F. H. GOW, Manager  FEATURES FOE WEEK OF MAY 3.  Monday���������  "Under the Table,''' t-Ko farce with Hank  Mann.   It will curl you up with laughter.  Tuesday��������� ,  The Whirling Disk, featuring Cleo Madison.  Drawing, 8.30 p.m. sharp.  r   ������ (  i   _���������  Wednesday and Thursday-  Mary Pickford (the Darling of Them All), in  "Behind   the.  Scenes,''   5   Parts;   Universal  Weekly; Latest War News.  Friday and Saturday ���������     x  "The Master Key." Final Episode.  "The Death of Simon Legree," burlesque on  "Uncle Tom's Cabin.".  COMING  ANNETTE KELLERMAN, "Venus of To-Day,"  in Neptune's Daughter."���������Seven reels.  . ' A '���������  MONDAY AND TUESDAY, May 10 and 11  LAYMEN'S MISSIONARY  MOVEMENT MEETING  SUNDAY SCHOOL  ���������'���������X">#ll*'V*M4**  v..  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggings, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  _ j  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the7 largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  School bnjuver&ary rally on .Sun  day   last..    The   event took the  form of a whole day's program*  and was  largely  attended and  thoroughlyV enjoyed ail through.  The main body of the church  was utilized for the occasion, and  was patriotically draped throughout;-the  ehoir^ for^the- services  being composed, almost  entirely  of children.   The morning service'  was conducted by Rev. Pr. Sip-'  prell, pastor, and he gave a most  inspiring and patriotic  address.  In the afternoon lie v.'! I. W. Williamson, general- secretary of the^  6. C. Sunday School Association,'  was the. speaker, and Mr. "Williamson enthused the large turnout with his splendid and timely remarks.   In the evening Rev.  T. Albert Moore, of Toronto, secretary of the Lord's Day Alliance,  preached,   and   the   church   was  filled  to  the  doors  for  the  occasion.   All   through   the   splendid arrangements were carried on  without a hitch, largely due to  the untiring and efficient leadership of Mr. Pinchin. superintend-  dent of the school. Mount Pleasant   Methodist   has   the   largest  Sunday  school  in  the  province,  and is one of the most aggressive  in its methods.   Its faithful and  devoted band of workers are ac  hieving notable success in their  work,  and  led  by Dr.  Sipprell)  much real good is being a'ccom  plished  in   this  community.  We  congratulate them on their services of last Sunday.  LAWN   SEED  FERTILIZER  SEED OATS  Early Rom Seed Potatoes  Grace Darling 8Md Potatoes-  Sutton's Reliance Seed Potatoes  F. T. VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT PEED 8TORE  256 BROADWAY EAST Two Phones: Pair 186 aad 878  Try Onr Own Diamond Chick Food for Best Results  the bridge _was burning fiercely  by this time, an<| the- brigade  were up against a very difficult  problem. Soles had to be cut  in the flooring of the bridge before" any water could be put on  the. blaze, ,and- with the- exceedingly high wind blowing at the  time, this was a trying experience. However, the firemen eventually were successful and the  fire was gotten under control,  but not before serious - damage  had been done. Two spans of  Vancouver's splendid jbndge today are" a "mass of twisted steel  and are lying on vthe bed of the  creek, loss to the extent of between $60,000 and $100,000 has  been sustained to the city, without insurance, and- the traffic  across the bridge will for some  months, be stopped. The cause  of the fire is at present unknown,  but it is a serious loss to the  city. Steps to repair, the structure will be taken immediately.  A large audience was present  under the above auspices in St.  Andrew's church last Sunday afternoon to hear Dr. O. R. Avi-  so������, of Korea, speak. He. gave  an interesting talk on his work  ���������there, enumerating raapy local  incidents in connection with the  life of that people. When Dr.  Avison went there 22 years ago  there, were no mission stations.  Since then,. However, under the  guidance .of the Christian movement there have been 250,000 of  the 'natives converted to tbe  Christian faith; and' are actively engaged, in promoting fMe  cause. Dr. Avison has established a medical college there, and'  has bad a-Jarge number' of native graduates in medicine.  Alberta lacrosse officials have  announced their intention to keep  out of the C. A, A. U. Hard  luck for the latter. Calgary wiU  have to dig up some real lacrosse  players before they will be an acquisition to any body. With  reference to the'Mann cup, which  Calgary is so anxious to annex,  tbey have very little chance unless the courts step in and hand  it,over to the' Alberta team. Sure  it. is, they .could never win it  with the bunch that represented  them here las{; season.  Almost the  Last Call  We We wearing the end of  .our Sfcoe Stock  Women's Kid and Tan Catf  Jtoots,, tece' or twftoned. |  Jteg. 4ifiQ..|o $5.0Q.  .Sow,  ��������� ��������� ��������� ��������� *r *���������'*> t * * #���������'��������� ���������  The first woman to use a ^sewing machine died that other day  at Winsted, in Connecticut, at the  age of eighty-six, says The  Youth's Companion. She was  Miss Elizabeth Kilbourn, who  in the fifties was a teacher in a  private school at New Hartford.  When Elias Howe was experimenting with his invention, he asked Miss' Kilbourn to help him,  first to use the new machine.  BRING HER TO MOUNT PLEASANT'S  CLASS.IEST  ICE CREAM PARLOR  Where Murphy, King of Soda fountain experts,  reigns supreme, dispensing classy Drinks  and Dishes.  THA T NEW STORE  THE  SWEETEST  PLACE IN  TOWN  On Broadway Near Main  Kingsway Market,,  At 8th Avenue  Live* and Dretted Poultry, Babbitt and Pidgeon*.  Potatoes, per tack 90c  Plantt of All Kindt  O. A. SHABPE, Prop.  French .Lemons  Given by .,  A Certified Parisian  Teacher,  Classes forming now. New and  easy Method  25c per lesson  2856 Yale Street. 5 minutes- walk.  from Hastings Park  Private Lessons by Arrangement  Women's Patent Ouwuetal  .. and Suede Boots.   Xfteg.i  $5.00   and   $5.50,   going  , now, at, pair. ���������. .$2.0{J  Men's patent Calf Boots.  s #eg. $5 to $6, now going:  *%%  Jp4.������HJv  Growing Girls' Flat Heel  X������id-EootSj���������.smallJ fitters,-1  2V2 to 4. Beg. $4,00, now,  per pair ..: .#.00  Special  Values   in  Press  Goods. See Windows.  Bargains     in     Children's  Wo?k Dresses���������    4  99c, 59c, 38c, and 25c  Women's Colored Silk Hose I  i Jteg. $1.50, now, pair 05c  Children's Straw Hats, all  prices,   15c and UP  take a look through our  store. There are plenty bargains on every table, upstairs and down, always.  Visit our store or you are  Sure to miss a good thing.  Cor. 8th and Main  Phone: Fair. 817.,  KEELER'S NURSERY  15th and Main Street  For Easter Plants and Cut Flowers, all in first  class   shape.

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