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The Western Call 1915-04-16

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 ;1#*^  <0?:  ���������\ t.  -  '   i  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  Volume VL  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,    . FRIDAY. APRIL 16, 1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 49.  MOBILIZE B.C.INDUSTRY  THE Province of B. C. is rich in natural resources. But so it has always been. The .  natural resources have been the same during the occupancy of the Indians. It was just  as great in the period prior to the occupancy  of the Indians, and there are evidences that  at some such former period these resources were  caused to yield profit to the inhabitants.  The natural resources of the province are  doing at this moment not much more for the  Anglo-Saxon that they did for the Indian.  The province is said to be in need of men  to occupy its wonderfully rich coast, and its  wonderful valleys.  But the men we have are without employment in spite of the natural resources.       X >  Why is this? .;������������������,.  X  Because of the need of the third factor  capital is the usual answer.  In measure this may be true.  But it is evident, we think, at this moment,  that the need of the movement is organisation  of the personnel of the province and the direc-  | tion of their energies towards the development of :  the provincial resources.  But who shall ido the organizing?  The small capitalist, and the non-capitalist  cannot do so.  Every factor in the resources of the province is on such a large scale that the small  individual cannot proceed. That avenue of advance i������f, therefore, largely eliminated.  The usual organizers of industry and finance  are so engaged in protecting and directing their  [ present organizations that they cannot undertake the matter at this time.  XWhat remains', therefore?  Government mobilization".-pf industry andresources.   Why under heaven is; not this course  _ pursued undenpreseht conditions ?  i**.��������� -.'-������������������  :-- i- *   ��������� ������������������ ..;'.*'���������'���������������������������'   jX- *   ��������� ���������'��������� '���������*'���������" X '������������������'.���������'  '.."������������������'��������� Many say "it is not the government's place."  That is pure piffle.   Greater governments than  | B. C. are doing such things, why not ours. .  Think of the wealth in pur timber, and the  niarkets open or rapidly to he Opened for it.  To:, say that it Y is not the place' . to organize-  our unemployed, thousands to prepare this  for ������the market is to say obvious political  f, econcny is not a practical field for. governmentalenergy. X  Russia has undertaken the development of her  agriculture in  Siberia,  doing the preliminary  work and bearing the initial success for the  I, settler.   She  builds the  home and  barn.   She  * breaks up half the ground.   She'supplied seed,.  [ feed, cattle, team, and supplies for the family  for one, year.   She gives the homestead free and  charges for the improvements qnd supplies at  cost with twenty years to repay without interest*.  Why cannot our government issue debentures  against ready-made farms; do this work and  oversee the actual progress of settlers under such  conditions?  ^^VAsXt: is._no_ assistance., asdJlittle _ot^  jnent is given to the beginner in agriculture, and  very many are the handicaps against him.  Think of our boasted wealth of Ijsh, find  |i   that  the  only inducement our. citizen has to  ���������undertake it is to run the gauntlet of a double  license fee before he can begin, and of ruinous  alien competition when he is working, both from  I   the fish traps of America, to duplicate which he  is debarred, and from an alien population.  Make the fishing free to every citizen unless  he   sells   beyond   the   province.  Erect   public   canneries   or   curing   stations  |   which the individual without capital may  use  by handing over in payment a percentage of  his catch���������and so on.  Think of the possibilities in our bays capable  of  breeding  oysters.  Think of the square miles of clam beds  capable of enormous development.  Our placer fields yield good wages in many  places. Men could be set to work on this, and  enabled to earn wages for themselves and profit^  for  the   government.  The demand for copper is enormously increasing. Why not on behalf of the1 people, mobilize  labor and attack ^the known deposits. ->  If the  amount spent  in  railroads annually  ���������were  duplicated in these ways unemployment  would be unknown.  Neither party appears, however, to be thinking, on these lines.  If. the politicians spent as much time and  skill in organizing labor as they do in organizing  their party strife, what might not be accomplished?  Every one is still marking time as to the election campaign. When the chief returns no  doubt there will be things doing;    .  The warning from England for the Dominion  to organize to take care of the rush of millions  of young men to Canada after the war is timely.  We suggest to the government a commission to  look into the matter of utilizing the public resources for this purpose until such time as private enterprises recover.  t  OF all the various processes which cloud the titles to land in the province of British Columbia the tax sale title is the Worst   Here is a case:  Certain lands were sold for taxes thirty-two (32) years ago.   Title was issued in due  course.   The land was sold and duly registered subsequent to such issue.   Later, the land  was divided and twenty odd pieces were sold and indefeasible title was issued to each.  Then the registry office awoke to some thirty odd years' old irregularity, and no more  such title can be registered. , . :':'-\y/q.y..;;y/kJ.  Therefore, besides breaking present owners, tax sale proceedings are made a menace  to the ownership of parties a generation later.    f X-;���������'���������;  Property owners should organize to handle, this  hiatter.  THE PULPIT AND  THE PRESENT CRISIS  THE question has been frequently asked of  late, "Has the pulpit lost its power?"   The  issue of the present crisis will largely answer that. /  From present appearance it would seem that  the pulpit has largely and fearfully failed thus  far to justify its claim to be the leading factor  in the nation's devotions^  Mark you, we do not say in the people's  thought. The thought presented by the* pulpit  as a rule to the section of the people whc������ittend  to hear is good and it is high in ideal. But  this is not the chief end of the ministry as we  understand it. The chief aim or duty of the  ministry is to be the leaders of the people's devotions.  Now, \the services of the churches, protectant  evangelical churches, has very little place for  prayer, individual or congregational.  The program of service, scarcely ever varied, -  has place for one professional prayer by the  appointed pastor, and an additional short one  after the sermon. The greater part of the service consists of the sermon, and the next in importance is the choral service. Usually neither  the one or the other are very devotional.  The scope of topics handled in the sermons  are largely literary. Concerned with the literature Of phristian thought it may be. But the  effect is usually of a literary character, and the  .scope of the subjects handled depends usually  on what matters interest the -speaker at the  ���������������������������time..".'" ��������� ,  Occasionally the topics are announced before  hand, but generally the theme is unknown until  the subject is announced.  There cannot be much of a focussing of the  attention and of the worship of the congregation by such haphazard methods., And ^as to  the arousing and focussing of the attention of  the whole community, it is not to any great  extent done.  But of the prophetic insight into the great  Gethsemane experience the world is now passing  through there appears to be great lack. If  there is a.man with a message of interpretation  he is not making his voice very fully heard  at this time.  The man who is chiefly attempting this at  this time is Pastor Russell. That he is not  ^whollyfright irL_.h^  is attempting to build on .a great foundation  of truth we believe. And that such a message  is desired and required by the people we are  assured by the great interest with which he is  followed.  The scriptures give great outlines to guide  the preacher in the ways of understanding. J3ut  we fear that the majority of the preachers are  too mentally lazy to read the word and And the  message. ���������   ���������>  I heard it said that the Christ would not ap-,  preciate the magnifying of His personal physical  sufferings on the Cross during the' past passion,  when in the person of so many of the members  of His body, He is, suffering such multiplied  crucifixions in the various battle fronts and in  the countries occupied bj* the invaders. Every  study of the Cross this year should have been  in Belgium, France or Poland, etc., and not at  Calvary. At Calvary Jesus suffered, in these  countries He is now suffering.  The people were like sheep wanting to be  led in devotion on the lines of the new Calvary  for it could not be but that every Christian  suffered during this passion year the people  if. led at all, must be led to God.  But that Grfd has said anything to bear on  this condition or to throw light on what shall ac-  i) tually   transpire   after   it   one   would   scarcely  dream from the voices that lead in the: public  services.  Enough has been said to develop this point.  It has been said on the streets and elsewhere,  but whether the pulpit will rise to the occasion  before the opportunity has passed who shall  stay. If it does not, however, it will have failed  in great measure to justify itself. ,  , SOCIALISM,  COMPARED  IN some form every, man is a Socialist. Each  man realizes that' there are departments in  his affairs which can be best handled in  conjunction with his fellows. For. instance, no  man desires to institute a private post for the  delivery of his own mail matter. By the%co-  pperation of all the community it<-is now his  privilege to have his mail delivered, at any  part of the world for a very nominal sum, less  than a car fare down town.  But there are many other matters which he  believes he can best handle alone.  Now, there is nothing new in all this. In  fact there is not a development in Socialistic  matters, there is not an argument which has  been brought forward which is not as oldNas the  communities of the human family.  Where the conflict bf opinion between: the  Socialist and, the non-Socialist comes in is just  where the individual effort should cease and the  community effort begin.  The trades unionist has made a specialty of  the industrial activity of. the individual.  They have attempted to set the hours of daily  labor, the. maximum of effort to he put out dur-  ingV-that time, the, minimum wage to be received, and the conditions under which such industrial activity shall be carried on  The Socialist has gone farther. He has endeavored to bring the possessions of the individual all into the common holding, and has  asserted that Only when all property is held in  common, and when ail labor Is equally divided  that there will come the greatest good to men.  The anarchist would see the community ownership overthrown where it exists, and especially  would he see the community protection" of the  property ! individually owned removed, so that  to the strong might come the prey. &e would  have the savage order wherein the strong man  keepeth his house until the stronger than he  appears established.  Now a word or two as to these grades of  Socialistic and communistic efforts.  THE WAR'S PROGRESS  The unions in restricting the output of the  rapid worker, and in the protection of the sluggish and unskillful have clogged the wheels of  their legitimate progres.  The unions should grade the workers within  their ranks. Not all union men are first class  workers. Not all union men are real mechanics  at all. And yet the unions impose the burden  of carrying them upon their unions, with all the  privileges of time ahd pay enjoyed by the best  men in the unions. Moreover, they use their  influence and,power to impose the burden of  the incompetent on the employer. This ought  not to be. The obvious,thing would be to have  ing the higher degrees should be entitled to  degrees in the unions, and that the men hold-  higher pay because of greater speed and skill.  The unions have objected tp employers making this distinction. Well, perhaps the employees  might at times abuse the privilege, but not often  as the grading would be founded with them  upon results. But the union could do this themselves and by the class of ticket issued define  the grade of the worker.  As to the Socialist idea of communal ownership, all history is eloquent with the failure  of that idea. Every race which has adopted it  has perished by its own lack-of enterprise-and  why the present generation should be asked  again to try that old experiment one cannot  understand unless it be on the ground of the  ignorance of the advocates as to what history  has to say regarding the matter.  Regarding the anarchist program, nothing  need be said.   It is self-condemned.  THE DOMINIONS TO BE CONSULTED IN PEACE NEGOTIATIONS  The announcement that the Dominions overseas will be invited to consult as to the terms of  peace is an honor, and no doubt but that the  invitation will be accepted. But that there will  be much change wrought by the voice of the  Dominions is scarcely likely. The matter may,  however, develop into importance if the policy  of commercial tariffs come to the fore as it may  \do. Then the voici. of the overseas Dominions  will be effectively required. It was one of the  published "ten commandments of. Germany" prepared   for  the   benefit   of  France,   that   there  should be a most one-sided tariff in Germany's  favor, and that there should be also a great  re-arrangement of patent laws in Germany's behalf. It is a good guess that, when the chancellors of the allies meet, the arrangement to  adopt Germany's suggestion, but the other way  around, will be made. At all events, it is  not to be supposed that Germany will be again  granted free entry into Britain's markets, as  she had before the war. In discussing tariff  arangements we shall have full voice as to our  own part in the tariff union.  I  T will be a relief when the time comes that  this heading can be left out of a weekly  paper.  In the meantime, of all the human interests  before the minds of men this continues to be  the greatest, and there is no wisdom in ignoring  it. Eight months of the grim reality has passed  and-we have much to be thankful for that, there  has not been more horror, great as the horror haa  been/  Inhere will be much to encounter and to endure before the end is reached. Lives in great  numbers will be destroyed, and the terrible part  of the matter is that this can be said with some  degree of "matter of course" expression. The  world is becoming used to horror.  In the meantime great things are being done.  It is a pity of their lives that men capable  of sacrificing as the young manhood of Germany  is being sacrificed, had not a better ideal than  that which causes them to waste energy and  life for conquest. Especially will this seem so  to them when they realize what a failure the  effort has been. But there will be more lasting  good from the failure than there ever could  have been for Germany by success. In fact success would have damned Germany and have  overwhelmed the world.  It is glorious to consider the terrific sacrifices  the Russian people are making now from week  to week in this great conflict.  Russia has had legitimate ambitions. -   But '  she had not tried to gain the goal of her ambitions by needlessly plunging the world into  war, and it is doubtful if she ever would have'  done so.   But having been called upon to draw  the sword she is perfectly justified in taking the  opportunity to fulfill her ambitions of reaching  an ice free port, and of driving the Turk out of  Europe.   Britain, and the world, excepting her   .  rivals, are ready tp help Jier to do this..  , But in the meantime dver an enormous, front  she is hurling a constant stream of men and supplies into the conflict. Suffering terribly she is  causing her adversaries to suffer more. Long  may the results of this conflict be such as to  prove a blessing to this hearty nation which has  ^ of late risen into newness of life. .,, .���������.  "We have had many misunderstandings with  (Russia in the past, but it has been more in the  way of fears than of conflicts. I mean that fears  of conflicts arising out of conflicting interests.  These fears are not all dead, but we may hope  -'that the day is distant when that colossal empire  shall draw its sword in a camp opposed to us.  But the tide of battle will turn soon, and  while the Russian army takes a much needed  breathing spell the allies in the west will have to  take up the running. There will be weeks of the  most tremendous conflict the world has ever  known on the western front. Sullenly resisting  there are still millions of men in the camp of  our enemies who have faced the fact that death  is before them, and they will die, but dying  they will sell their lives as dearly as they can. ,  How costly the conflict will be for us will  ^depend Jargely on J;he artillery supplies.Be-  cause Russia was short of artillery and equipment  her men had to do their work by hand and the  bayonet took the place of the bullet. But this  is costly in men. kitchener's demand for all.  the ammunition which can possibly be made is,  therefore, wise and humane; every shell means  less risk for our men.  If "an overflowing rain" of fire and brimstone in the shape of Lyddite shells can be  hurled upon the enemy outmatching their own  artillery, there will be less for the infantry, and  little for the bayonet to do. But even so, there .  will be awful carnage to be endured before the  end can come.  ��������� And this carnage will be necessary because  of the mental difficulty of a nation which has  committed its all to a wrong path.  Nothing short of divine power can enable a  people proul as Lucifer the son of the morning,  was when committed to wrong in the heavens he  plunged himself and his following into hell because he could not bend his pride to yield; nothing short of divine power, can bend the minds  and the hearts of such a nation to accept defeat and its consequences, while they have a  heart to resist or an arm to strike. But we believe there is still such power in Divine Grace  that even this miracle can,be accomplished.  We, therefore, without a thought of weakening the conflict or of abating one jot the determination to break the power of the haughty  homicidical nation, say that while it is the  undoubted duty of the nation to fight, it is also  the duty of every person who believes in the  power of prayer to pray for the influence of  the Almighty to bring the erring race, back to  might  be  said,  sanity and truth.  Volatile Joe fails in his effort against the  seat of L. D. Joe should have known the limitations of the courts better by this time. But  the ways of the courts are so fearful and wonderful that the oldest habitue may miss his way  and find himself in a cul de sac, as has Joe.  iVho was it said, as L.'D. knows in fact, "Sport  it is to see the engineer hoist with .his own  petard.' Well, we think the city rather breathes  more freely for it is not in a mood for fun at  this time.  I      I THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 16, 1915.  "Pride of the West"  ������������������=== BRAND  0VEEALI_5. SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  '������������������V. '.:';**x  MACKAY SMITHS BLAIR & CO., LTD.  ...'.. ... ��������� . i ���������     ���������  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  Die Pioneer Meat Market  Corner Broadway and  Proprietor, Frank Trimble  For Fresh and Cored Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  7  It Ii oot excelled for Quality or Prices tn Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  CANCELLATION O? BB8BBVE  NOTICE JS H3R3BT GIVEN that  the reserve covering certain lands in  tbe vicinity of LunS and other points  on tbe' Straits of Georgia, by reason  of .������ notice pnbiisbed in tbe British  Colombia Gazette on the 27tb of December, 1007, is cancelled in so far  ss it relates to Lots 4174, 4178, 4170,  4178. 4179, 4180, 4181, 4188, 4184, 4186,  4187, 4188, 4189, 4190, 4191, 4192, 41?3,  4194, 4195, 4196, 4197, 4198, 4209, 4210,  4317, 4318, 4319, 4320, 4321, 4322, 4323,  4324, 4325, 4326, 4327, 4328, 4329 _and  4330, New Westminster District.   The  said Lots wil) be open to entry by preemption on Tuesday, tbe 18th day of  May, 1915, at nine o'clock in tbe forenoon, i No Pre-emption Becord will be  issued to include more than one surveyed Lot, and all applications must  be made at' the office of tbe Government Agent at Vancouver. j  B. A. BENWIC&,  Deputy Minister of Lands.  Department of Lands,  Victoria, B. C,  March llth, 1915.          X   " _  THE HOUSEFLY  CANCELLATION OF *8SB*V*  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN tbat  tbe reserve covering certain lands in  the vicinity of Trail Bay, Sechelt, by  reason of a notice published in the  British Columbia Gazette on the 27th  of December, 1907; is cancelled in so  far as it relates to Lota 4292, 4293;  4894, 4296, 4297, 4298, 4299, 4300, 4301,  4304, 4305, 4306, 4307, 4308, 4309, 4310,  4311, 4312, 4313, and 4314, New West  minster District. Tbe said Lota will  be open to entry by pre-emption on  Tuesday, the 18th day of May, 1915,  at nine o'clock ,in the forenoon. No  Pre-emption Record will be issued to  include more than one surveyed Lot,  and all applications must be made at  the office of the Government Agent at  Vancouver. '      .  R. A. RENWICK,  Deputy Minister of Lands.  Department of Lands,  Victoria, B. C,  March llth, 1915. 45, 4T  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE  &  GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Citiaen Building, Ottawa.  WAR WARBLINGS OF  A BRITISH TAR"  Our readers will be interested  to learn that "the many bright  and topical verses which have  appeared from time to time in  The Western Call will shortly appear in book form under the title  of "War Warblings of a British  Tar." Mr. W. A. Ellis, late R,  N., the author, has given us pleasing lines under the different subjects, and no doubt the limited  edition will be eagerly sought  after. Special copies will be on  sale at The Western Call office,  at 25 cents.  The following ; advice from  "F'ood and. Cookery" is timelyV  "Now that the summer is on us,  and we are basking in the sunshine of those few brief months  which bring Xus such welcome  relief to the "long and dreary  winter, ���������' we have the annual  task of plotting ways and means  to keep flies out of the household  ���������or more particularly the pantiy.  The housefly is an almost unconquerable pest, for- it seems that  pur best efforts to keej>*it away  are very meek by the side of its  wily methods of finding its way  into the house. We can, however,  do our best,, and that best would  be materially helped if every one  would do their share towards a  "kill that fly" ca^aigia.  '' No dirt, no flies is a ye^y wisej  and charmingly hopeietis sug?  gestion, if people will not take  the trouble to remove all pOssibile  breeding sources. Flies : bregd  on manure heaps or collections  of offal, so ilLis. tip to^bje^Jipu^  bolder to see thaf he (Joes his  share toward stamping out the  evil. He will, anyhow, feel the  benefit of. his effort���������and, incid:  entlly, may urge his neighbor to"  to follow his lead. It is by such  action that the nuisance can be  overcome.  "So first clean the breeding  places, for the breeding capacity  of a fly is prodigious. See that  there is nothing in the way of  collections of manure or rubbish  that will afford them a field for  sending thousands of their  wretched species into the pantries  and the kitchens. Keep your  eye also on the dust-bin���������a  fruitful sourse of fly creation-  have it thoroughhly cleaned at  least once a week, and keep the  lid fixed when it is in use. X  "Flies are capable of covering  considerable distance, so you have  the result of your neighbor's  carelessness to combat. You  must keep your windows open,  so stretch j a piece of thin gauze  over the open spaces, for they do  not like passing through: meshes.  It is also a good plan to rub paraffin on the sashes and bars of.  windows frames, and on gas fittings and mirror frames on which  flies may settle.  A window box ot growing mignonette is said to keep flies from  passing over it, as they do not  like the sweet-scented smell.  "To kill flies in a room, pour  oyer peices of bread placed in a  saucer, and out of reach of children or pets, a mixture of two  tablespoonfuls of formalin, half  a pint of milk, half a pint of  water, and a teaspoonful of sugar.  This mixture, though fatal to  flies, attracts them, and the pieces  of bread are convient places on  which they can alight and feed.  Always keep food covered up,  kill every fly you can."  A railway line that runs steam  trains over its first hundred miles  and four-horse sleighs over the  next three hundred miles is out  of the ordinary in these days- of  modern travel. The rail -part  of the route seems only an introduction to a very long sleigh-  ride, which takes one into the  heart of the winter wilderness  and keeps him there for nearly a  week. Other roads there are that  operate stage lines and motor  buses for short connections or  for local deliveries, but here is  one whose stage division is three  times as long as its main line  This unusual railroad is one of  the most northern in the world.  It runs from Skagway, at the  head of Lyn Canal in Alaska, to  White Horse.: in the Canadain  Yukon; and at White Horse the  trains connect with the big  sleighs for Dawson City, which  is 330 miles farther north. Tickets from the outside world to  Dawson from the first of November to late_May or June always  read via the long sleigh-ride, for  untill navigation opens in the  river again that is the only -way  of getting there. No other trip  like this is to be had oute continent. ,��������� X X X':> ��������� "���������  Going to Dawson or coming  from it, over the winter trail is  the ride to be remembered.  It takes five and a half days  stopping at nights, and the country covered in that time is some  of Canada's wildest. The trail  leads through the woods? up and  down hills, around the base of  mountains, across brooks and  rivers, sometimes with long,  straight stretches and sometimes  with perilous crookedness. None  hut careful and experienced drivers are entrusted with the command of these heavy sleigh-trains  for sometimes they have as great  need of nerve and! skill as the engineers on the steam trains.  "The chief danger is found in  climbing the steep mountain sides,  where at best the trail is narrow  and uncertain.   There are places  where the passengers all lean to  one side -to escape a turnover  down the mountain-side vpr pre  cipice   of ice.   But  the 'united  strength of the horses and the  wonderful nerve of the drivers  prove equal to the occasion, and  accidents are rare. Not always,  however, is the Yukon horse-sense  to  be  trusted.   On one of the  trips' out. all four animals became  alarmed at fire that bad been kindled at the side of the trail and  broke away into the woodsX The  passengers were thrown out; and  and the    horses    were;   finally  brought to a standstill by becoming entangled  in the trees.  Thus the moire serious and adventurous   dangers   are   sometimes  safely avoided only to meet such  very commonplace runaway accidents - as-occur= everywhere;--^=���������  At every \twenty-two miles  along the trail fresh relays of  horses are taken on and at welcome intervals ������ are stopping-  houses, where the passengers rest  over night. Despite the tedious-  ness and monotony, the journey  is made with fair comfort, for  provision is always ma^e for  below zero weather and possible  storms. The sleighs themselves  are strong, reliable and roomy,  and they carry mails and express  as well as passengers.  In the short summer season the  trip between White Horse and  Dawson is made by steamers on  the Yukon river, an easier or more  enjoyable     way  -of    traveling.  A line of steamers seems, too,  a more proper auxiliary to a railway than a line of horse-sleighs.  Yet why not sleighs as well as  boats?  The railroad itself is ranked  among the engineering triumphs  of America. It goes by the "name  of. the White Pass and Yukon  Railroad, and was opened in  1900 to connect* the North Pacific coast with the inland river  system, as any map will show.  The work of the men who built  it is "still spoken of in railroading  circles with admiration. The  fact that the road was located so  far north meant that it was a  thousand miles from the base of  supplies, and every piece of equipment and every tool to' work  with was taken up the coast  from Seattle and Vancouver and  freighted into the hills. Moreover, this was before the days  of northern telgraphs, and the  isolation of the road builders  was complete. At the time some  declared the project to be a  piece of folly.  White. Horse is at the summit  of. the mountain tbat lies between  Alaska and Yukon, and on the  way there the grade of the new  railroad was cut through solid  rock. At one point a cliff two  hundred feet from top to bottom  blocked the way, and, the whole  mass of it was cleared out with  powder. Often the grade went  up mountain sides so steep that  the men were suspended by ropes  while they drilled the holes for  blasting. When it came to boring a tunnel the difficulties were  multiplied almost impossibly.  The machinary and .supplies were  packed up a steep high grade that  only mountain climbers could  make, and it is doubtful if a railway tunnel was ever cut under  greater handicap.  There were difficulties, too, because bf the weather and the men  who served as construction crew.  Extremes of heat and cold are  frequent in the North, and severe  storms and blizzards, lasting  sometimes for days, come up suddenly. Such a storm is desperately hard on the railroad  builders. Bridge-building over  wind-swept canyon, for instances,  tries a man's endurance to very  near the breaking point, but all  these things were many times  gone throngh on the way to White  Pass. When the road .was being  built the Klondike gold strike  was at its height, and the fever to  get away to the gold fields sometimes played more havoc with the  men   their   work   than   did  the  weather.-;'1 J:k'J-:  It cost one hundred thousand  dollars a mile to build the White  Pass and Yukon road from Skagway to' the summit of White  Pass, which is' only a little short  of three thousand feet above the,  sea level, and a strong faith in  the merit of the country w*s  heededto justify the outlay.  While the gold rush was on the  traffc over the road was heavy;  to-day there is less of boont business arid more of that which  comes from solid and permanent  development. After the rush of the  prospectors and gold-seekers was  over, too the road began to at-,  tract the sightseers, and now it is  a tourist route as well as a freight  road to the gold fields.  Trains run over this far north  road every day throughout the  winter, connecting with the big  sleighs a;t White Horse. They  rarely encounter more snow in  the niouhtairis than they can  themselves take care of, and they,  make better time than might be  expected. XOhe would hardly expect; either, to find such coniforts  as observation cars in that' latitude, foif the consciousness that  it is away up north never wears  of. A trip over, this White pass  road gives one, with whatever  else of sensations and surprises,  an appreciation of the courage  and farsightedness of the men  wha biult- it Jn^ pion^r ^ays.  ���������Onward.  natural ventalation is stopped the  iron beams and sides begin to  sweat and the. atmosphere becomes foiil and rank. Yet it is  doubtful if in a general way the  men trouble much about these  conditions; cards and other  games are played or sleep in wooed; the sailor now has a little  motto of his own: "More wind,  less work," and it really works  out like that when the upper  deck is merely a mass of tumbling water.  As a spectacle a modern fleet  in a gale of wind is an imposing  sight, and one hardly knows  whether to give the palm to the  stately leviathan or the perky  torpedo craft. A battle ship can  hardly be called an ideal sea-going craft; she is much to massive  to be buoyant and too cumbered  with top hamper to recover herself easily. So she staggers along  butting at the seas but never trying to ride them; down will go  her nose right up to the fore  turrets, the, as she rises, hundreds of tons of water are lifted to  be flung aft in great torrents.  Andjyet ,iot some reason known  only to itself the navy prays that  when it goes into action it may  be in a gale of wind. Our men  beleive, rightly or wrongly, that  no other navy has had so much  sea training as itself, and that,  therefore, the worse the weather  conditions the better it will be  for them in action.  The small cruisers and torpedo craft have nothing to do  with weather; their job at sea is  to get from one destination to  another as quickly as possible.  How they live through it is a  mystery, for very often the only  things above water are the bridge  arid the funnels; then one may  see them poised on the crest of  a wave with fifty feet of keel  showing at each end.  SLOW   PROGRU6S  (From the Philadelphia Ledger)  A regiment of regulars was  making a long, dusty march across the rolling praire land of  Montana. It was a hot blistering day, and the men, longing  to reach the next town.  A rancher rode past.  "Say, friend," called out one  of the men, "how far is it to the  next town?"  "Oh, a matter of two miles or  so, I reckon," called back the  rancher.  Another hour dragged by another rancher encountered.  "How far to the next town?"  the men asked eagerly.  "Oh, a good two miles."  A weary half hour longer of  marching and then a third rancher.' -      ' ..:  "Hey, far's the next town?"  "Not far," was the encouraging answer. " Only about two  miles,"  .  "Well," sighed the optimistic sergeant, " Thank goodness  we're holdin' our own, anyhow."  Manager Rolston, of the Exhib-  tion Association, has paid $5,000  of prize money to the winners.  $11,000 is still to be paid.  AQOUU  THE WESTERN CALL  ���������WHAT IS ITt  <jThis is a natural and legitimate  question to ask and we wan]  every citizen to'ask it.  flThe question can be as readily  answered by every citizen as bj  ourselves, but to do this you mt  have it delivered to your hoi  each week. This can be done bj  becoming a subscriber and the]  payment of One Dollar annually]  in advance.  *I You will not regret making thisl  clean, live, progressive weeUjl  one of your home papers. Oldl  and young alike may read It audi  the children will find pleasure!  and profit in its contents. 1  9 Write or phone John T. Stevens,]  Mgr.  Circulation Dept.  SASKATCHEWAN  NEWS ITEMS!  According to the recent statistics prepared by Dr. W. K. Carroll the Methodists of the United  States number 7.328,829, an increaseof 231,460 for the year,  which' is a greater advance than  that of any1 other denomination.  Reginar���������The daylight savings  plan has been inaugurated at Re-1  gina again this year, and the cit-l  izens have taken to the new time]  much more readily than last year.l  The plan is already working to]  advantage, and citizens are to bej  seen in large numbers taking advantage of the extra hour of daylight  in  improving   their  home]  premises. Advices from other cen-J  tres throughout the west would!  seem to indicate that the practice]  of saving one hour of daylight in]  the early morning is growing in]  popularity, and there is a likelihood of other cities arid towns,  adopting the change this summer.  It adds another hour to the already long summer evening, and]  has been found to be a great ben-)  efit.   It also permits the various\  sporting Organizations of the city  to play many of their games in j  the evening  The Cost of Operating Bectric Houiehold  Appliances is Merely Nominal,  .������������������������������������������������������'The following table of hourly costs, has been prepared  with appliances such as>e handle used for the test:  Coffee   percolator  3% Cents per Hour  Electric  Grill  4 to W2 cts. per Jir.  Electric Iron  4 to 5 ccnU  per hour.  Electric Toaster  6 Cents per Hour  Electric Washer  3 Cents per Hour  N. 3.���������The appliances are generally wed, but a fraction  of an hour for cooking. The total cost for .Tron and Washer  depends upon tbe amount of wcrkvto^  The appliances will be demonstrated for you at our  v   salesrooms.  B. C. ElECTJUC  1138 Granville 9%., near Davie  Carrall & Hastings Sts.  "Q. B" Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  MQ. B." Means  Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B." Means "Made in BO."  by White Help.  The Vancouver .Knitting Co., Ltd.  MODERN SHIPS  It . may be generally known  that with nearly every new type  of. ship the living space afforded  to the men has grown less and  less. This is due to a multitude  of causes���������increased speed, increase in the size of guns, and  the multitude of auxiliary engines  with which a warship is fitted���������so  we no longer find the great, airy  mess decks of even thirty years  ago, but a multitude of iron boxes  which, at the best of times, have  to be kept well ventilated. When  JINGLE POT COAL  WILL REDUCE YOUR FUEL BILL  MORE HEAT. LASTS LONGER. TRY A TON.  LUMP   -     -     -  -     $7.00  NUT      -  -     $5.50  PEA  $4.00  SLACK -  $3.50  BRIQUETTES   -  $6.00  WOOD���������Choicest Dry Fir Cordwood $3.00 per load.  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour 5408-5409 ix*is$,' ������kyM  "If rd only had one  when yon were a  beby, you'd have been saved many a cold and  croupy spell"  For warming cold corneta and Isolated upstttn rooms, and  for countless apodal occaaiona when extra haat Is wanted,  yoa need the Jtafectfen 8moka!es* Cti Heater.  !>ERE|teT10N  SMOKELE������4fiflkHEATERS  The Perfection ia light portable, lueapenalvo  to buy and to oaa, easy to clean and to t*>  wiek. No kindling; no aahea. 8mokeleaa  and odorless. At aU hardware and general  stores. Look for die Triangle trademark.  :'   UmUtM  ROYALITE OIL U but fer aU  THE IMPERIAL OIL CO., Luted JS*m  ���������a  SERVICE FIRST  OUR  one  thought  and purpose  on  all  appointments  is  GENTEEL SERVICE.   We leave no details for your  care.  QUR    CHAPEL    and    RECEPTION    ROOM  r^will   afford   you   any   privacy   you   may  -, .desire.. ,,X  ���������'��������� X. X .���������X-..-..XX,  mount tmsm m^mm co,  Phone: FairmontW9 IM 3thAve.E. (new Wain)  BWTS FOR T������E  SUmw* OOTTAGU  In planning for the summer  cottage or in the endeavor to  make the town house look coo1  and summery the woman who understands will invest in thin,  light draparies for the windows  and provide the beds with cool  looking spreads to say nothing  of pillows for hammock and  x>f pillows for hammock^i^" por^  ch. Often a rose dotted dimity or  a piece of dotted swiss drovides  exactly the thing needed for  draperies and bed while generous  sized handkerchiefs furnish the  ion covers. E very thing must be  must be able to withstand tubbing but if. the laundress is intel-  lgent a very thin material can  be  chosen safely.  Cheese cloth is a friend in  need being soft enough to drape  beautifully and dainty in coloring. Nalural colored linen is also  excellent where a heavier material is desired. If one happens to  have mo) e linen sheets than are  needed and is not prepared to  invest in even the choicest draperies these same sheets can be  dyed any shade, and will fill the  owner with pride They hang in  beautiful folds and have a silky  sheen all their own. They heed  absolutely no ornamentation.  If one can afford only cheese  cloth and wishes it with a border or a sprigged pattern in color  this is easily supplied with block  painting. The pattern should be  drawn on the smooth surface of  a close-grained block of wood.  All the surrounding surface  should be gouged away leaving  the pattern with a clean outline.  This is then used tb stamp the  goods. Of course spacing and  position must be carefully decided before beginning to print.  Many prefer cork to wood, because of the rather uneven coloring that results, giving the wood  the handmade appearance dear  to a craftsman. When using a  cord cover the surface with a  paper on which is drawn the pattern. Cut away as directed for  the wood and than remove the  paper containing the design.  Clean well before using .Cover  a ball of cotton with an old glove,  into a firm ball and use to dab  the paint on to the block.  Before beginning to print select a perfectly level board.  Cover with half a dozen newspapers spread smoothly and held in  place by thumb tacks pushed in  to the heads. Then cover the  surface with a sheet of blotting  paper fastening with the tacks.  Stretch the fabric over this and  fasten firmly. Everything is then  roE^^oOhepnnting"exci^t~the  mixture. The following is recommended. Put one ounce of. oil  of wintergreen or the essence into  a pint bottle. Add one ounce of  acetic acid and then fill the bottle with turpentine or kerosene  Squeeze out of the tube on to a  dish the color needed in oil  paints. If necessary combine col  ors for particular shades but re  member that'long mixing dulls  the color. Add from the bottle  enough mixture to reduce the  paints to the consistency of  cream. For very delicate fabrics  like chiffon, reliable brands of  colored inks are best for stamping.  CANADIAN-AUSTRALIAN  ROYAL  MAIL LINER   "NIAGARA'' WHICH LEFT YESTERDAY WITH A LARGE PASSENGER LI8T  Sixty Years a Queen  Picturization of Life of Victoria  "The Good" on Monday and  Tuesday at Broadway���������Special'  Afternoon Show for Children <  Commencing' at 5.15���������Drawing  on Thursday Night. \  PRE-EMPTORS^^OPPORTUNITY  Each   year   we   celebrate   the  birthday of Queen Victoria as a  fitting  memorial  to  the  life  of  Queen Victoria '' The Good,'' one  of the British sovereigns whose  memory    will    be    kept    green  as long as the British empire endures.   Permission was  recently  given  by  the  Royal  Family to  picture the outstanding incidents  of her life on the film, the data  being supplied by the Royal Family and from the  Queen's own  diary.   This has been beautifully  illustrated   under   the   title   of  'Sixty Years a Queen.' Through  a special arrangement, Manager  Gow, of the, Broadway theatre,  will be able to exhibit it to the  patrons of this up-to-date theatre  on Monday and Tuesday evening.  It depicts with impressive realism  all the chief personal incidents in  the late Queen's life' from girlhood onward including siich, stirring  events as the attempt "on  the Queen's life, Crimean War,  Indian Mutiny,  Indian Durbar,  The  Boer  War  Review   of  the  Troops, Fighting in the Trenches,  Storming of Cashmere Gates at  Delhi, The Relief of Dadysmith,  etc.  ���������������������������:."   X-"  THEIR  EMBARRASSING  MOMENTS  When Joe Martin heard the result of his petition to unseat  Mayor Taylor on Wednesday.  When a "jitney" driver has a  ���������load and then a blow-out.  When an out-of-work calls at  the mayor's office with an empty  dinner pail.  When you have to explain the  reason for a N.S.F. cheque.  When Reeve Gold refuses to  sign the South Vancouver pay  cheques.  When Bob Brown slips a blue  paper to the aspiring spit-ball recruit.  When Con Jones asks the Salmon bellies to put up a bond of  $10,000 to live up to the schedule.  When your wife still looks for  that promised Easter bonnet.  When the 18th comes on Sunday, and the phone bill, is forgotten until Monday.  Six parts and 289 scenes are  shown, and in order to give the  children an opportunity to see it  in full the first show will commence at 5.15 Monday afternoon,  then at 6.45, 8.15 and 9.45 p.m.  Billy Ritchie will be seen in a  new comedy on Wednesday entitled "Hearts and Flames." The  usual weekly drawing will take  place on Thursday at 8.30. This  will include premiums as well  as the .usual cash prizes.  The thirteenth episode of the  " MastercKey" on Saturday is as  thrilling as the previous ones.  It opens with Dore still a prisoner in the temple dungeon. Sir  Donald continues to poison Ruth's  mind with stories of. Dore's infidelity. Wilkerson and his  friends plan to get the idol and  disguise as natives for the purpose. The theft of the idol is accomplished under exciting circumstances. The caretaker, who  is cursed with the wrath of Buddha for its loss, goes into the  dungeon and jumps inta the vat  of burning oil. In so doing he  unconsciously allows Dore to escape. The latter then appears before Ruth and they take up the  chase of Wilkerson and the idol.  This is the best number yet and  is full of exciting and interesting  action.  On May 18th at Vancouver,  Albeirni, Fort George. Cranbrook,  Ferrii and Quesnel the government Agents will open to pre-  emptors about 700 parcels of surveyed lands which have been in  reserve and have,been subdivided  for settlement. The lands are located at points ranging from  about 39 miles from Vancouver,  near Sechelt, to Sunderland Char-  nel along the Mainland Coast; on  Malcolm, Nootka, Redonda, Cortes and Thurlow Islands; adjoining the Grand Trunk Pacific  Railway in the valley of. the  South Fork of the Fraser ;.in Canoe River Valley, and at various  points in the East Kootenay.  On the Coast and Islands numerous tracts of logged-off lands,  former licences, which, in accordance with the policy of the government to render timbered agricultural lands available to sette-  ment as soon as the timber is cut,  have been surveyed, into tracts  averaging 40 acres' in extent.  These will be opened to pre-emptors at the office of the Government Agent in the Court Souse  at Vancouver on May; I8th.i  These blocks of lots are situated  near Sechelt, in the vicinity of  Lund on Malaspina Peninsula,  on Redonda, Thurlow and Cortes  Islands are on Jackson Bay,  Sunderland Channel. A pamphlet describing them has been prepared by the Department ofkands  containing maps, and full particulars regarding these tracts.  On Malcolm, Island 247 lots,  each of 40- acres,, and 40 lots of  40 acres each on Nootka Island,  will be opened to settlement on  May 18th at the office of the government Agent at Alberni.   Malcolm Island, a timbered/ low undulating   plateau   divided   from  Vancouver Island by Broughton  Strait, was reserved in 1901 as a  Finnish colony.   The Colony continued for some years; operating  and  carrying/ on business on a  community basis.   Circumstances  finally caused  the  abandonment  of  the  community  system,   and  the greater number of the original settlers took up land individually, others locating on Vancouver Island and various places in  the    vicinity.   There    are    now  Hying  on the  island about 250  people,  chiefly  members  of  the  original   Finnish   colony.     The  main settlement  is at  Sointula,  Where there is an excellent school,  having an average attendance of  forty-seven pupils,, a Government  wharf, post office, and co-operative     store.     During   the   past  summer*about 10,000 acres was  subdivided,   and   is  now   being  opened to settlers.. The lots on  Nootka Island, where there has  been much settlement during the  past few years, are subdivisions  of former timber licencence.  At Fort George on May 18th  about 30,000 acres divided into  lots averaging 160 acres in extent  situated between Guilford and  Tete Jaune Cache adjoining or  close to the G. T. P. VRailway on  the south Fork of Fraser Valley  and 39; lots, bottom land fronting  on the river in Canoe River  Valley, will be Opened to settlement. Last season some 80,000  acres, containing'about 550 pre-  emptors, were /opened to settlers ,  on the South Fork of the Fraser.  These lots, and those to be opened '  on May 18th, are in a belt covering three miles on either side of.  the railway placed in reserve for  settlement in 1907* some yeara  priort to the construction of the  railway. '  At  the  office  of  the  Government Agent at Cranbrook about  12.000 -acres of logged-off lands,  and at the office of the govern-   j  ment agent at Fernie, about' 1000  acres  of  similar  lands,  will,be  opened to  pre-emptors on May  -  18th.   The   lots   comprised   are  subdivisions   of   former   timber  limits in various parts of these  districts, near Cranbrook, Kimb-  erley, Fort Steele, Mayock. Ward-  ner, Ryan, Toetyy, Colvalli, and  Waldo.   Last year, about 10,000  acres df. similar lands were opened  in  thia  district.   A  lot  on  which the reserve has been lifted  in Cariboo will be opened to preemption   at   the   office .of   the-  Government   Agent   at   QuesneV  on the same date. X  Pamphlets   Healing   with   tho1  Mainland coast lots, with Mai-,  colm and Nootka  Islands,    the  South Fork of the- Fraser and  Canoe River lots, and with those  in East    Kootenay.    containing  maps and detailed information,  have been prepared by the department of lands and can be obtained oh application to the department or to the government agents  in the several land recording divisions.  - .;:->,, i-X*>C  X"'*X-&'_  it*, XvXI  /X .->  PAmOTlSM^PROWCTttN  Pin Your Faith to fclve Stock  The one outstanding feature of the world's fanning ia that there will aoon he a  great shortage of meat supplies. Save your breeding stock. Tbey are today Canada's  most valuable asset. If you sacrifice yonr breeding stock now, you wiU regret it in the near  future. Plan to increase your live stock. Europe and the United States, aa well aa Canada,  will pay higher prices for heel, mutton, and bacon, in the very near future. Remember  that live stock is the only true basis of economic and profitable farming. The more grain  you grow, the more stock you can cany. The more stock you keep, the more fertilizer  for your fields.   Mixed farming is real fanning, not speculating.  dition,tb* destructloaof live stock of eO  kinds, breeding *nd young stock included, ia tbe war sones. Tbe war  has merely hastened the meat  shortage of the world. When  it is om, me farmer with  Hv* stock will continue to  profit ia the world's  markets, and, m addition  to having helped feed oor  soldiers at tho front, will  be ia s position to reap ���������  farther toward for having  stayed with the live stock  industry.  Study thtotoble, which w,t������pr*p*r*d  before the war. Only one country  increased ita cattle more  than it* poopie in me past  tea years. Aad. ia H  (Australia) is 1914 there  waa a tremendous low of  Ufa stock through aa unprecedented drought���������e fact  which th* table doe* aet  show. Do you aeed any  stronger argument than this  table that mere is bound to  he ea incoming demand  for beef?   Add to thl* coo-  BEEF  * * * *  p*p-j-tfe������  Cattle  Vnme*.  Germany.......   Ut  bwtMM henut DacratM  United Kingdom  Austria-Hungary  European Russia  Canada���������  Argefctino   Australia   Hew Zealand...  United States...  10  10  14  40%  S3  M%  80%  *���������**  SHEEP. Canadian termer*  *^^ have been losing  great opportunities ia sheep  raising and sheep feeding.  Hundred* of thousand* of Sheep  have been slaughtered to provide winter clothing for the  Midlers of the different armies.  Australia's losses, through  drought in 1914. were very  heavy.    Canada na* been bn-  grting frozen mutton from New  island. In view of these  conditions, wool and mutton  should prove very profitable for  Canadian sheep raisers during  tho next few year*.  ������S_2_&__3&^!S^  twine in the Canadian West in  the past three months, the  supply in 1915 promises to be  little more than half of 1914.  Add to this the fact that the  British soldier is allowed J������ lb.  of bacon per day, and that  sausage Is the principal meat  food of the German soldier, and  you wiU understand the outlook  for the future.   .Those who stay  steadily with swine, year in aad  year out, make money. Those.  who rush ia and rush out,  generally lose mono*. "Boy  when others are selling, sen  when others are buying," applies  to live stock as well as to Wall  Street stocks.  DAIRY. Mach cow. to-  ������������������    ' creased in Canada  from 3,408,677 in 1901 to  8,694,179 in 1911. This Increase did not amount to 8%  and was less than one-quarter  of the population increase of  Canada." At the same time,  the per capita consumption of  milk by Canadians increased  30%. Is there any wonder we  had to import 7,000,000 lbs. of  butter from New Zealand?  The exports of Canadian  cheese have been steadily declining for ten years. Look at  the market prices today. Do  they not suggest the advantage  of increased production?  Through cow-testing, selection  and   better  feeding,   the  average annual production per  cow in Canada did increase from  8,860 lb*, per cow in 1901 to  1,806 Ita. in 1911, but this is only  a beginning. Last year one cow  ia Canada produced 26,000 lbs.  The dairymen of Denmark  who supply Great Britain with  butter and bacon are not satisfied unless their herds average  10,000 lbs. per cow. Let Canadian dairymen work to increase  the productiveness of the milch  cow. Breed for milk. Test  your cows. Save your calves.  Select your milkers. Feed for  yield. Read the Agricultural  papers and Government reports  and bulletins on dairying.  CONFERENCES  Now that you have attended  the .Conferences, or have read  about them, get together and talk  things over. Also write to the  Publications Branch, Canadian  Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, for bulletins and reports  on live stock and dairying.  Canadian Department of Agriculture*  Ottawa, Canada  J2������_ THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 16, 1915.  H. H. STEVENS, M. P.  Editor-in-Chief     V  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  J '';.���������������������������" BY THE '.'.'  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  X   HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B, C.  ,       Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  .   .    $1.50 Outside Canada.  ������IJf you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  SOCIALISTIC DRIFT OF THE  NATIONS IN THE WAR TIME  MANY startling things have happened since  last August. Under the stress of the  times measures have been taken by the  various governments which would have astonished the world, if. the world has heen capable of  greater astonishment than has been upon them.  The British treasury, having laid its hand  upon the. investment by its possessors of private  capital, is one of the astonishing moves. The  French government had done something of this  nature sometimes before. A measure taken to  avoid the danger of the ready cash of the  French nation being attracted beyond its boundaries so that it would not be available in the  coffers of her potential enemies. In which case  she would be deprived of the use of the gold  in time of stress, and also would be compelled  to see her goldTised" to equip her enemies for  the attack upon herself. '  It could scarcely be said* therefore, that there  was anything very socialistic in the measure of  precaution France was taking before the war.  Germany also kept  a  careful  eye  on the  gold of. the nation, and directed its use.   But t  this was in view of the preparation she was  making for the great war of conquest she had  in mind.    ��������� ..XXV*X;  Britain gave her people a free hand to use  or squander as they 'thought best their own  money.'.:.; XxXxX'Xv X ���������'������������������""'���������:".'  Now, however, in view of the needs of the  nation, she has placed her hand upon the investment of the privately owned monies to a  certain extent, x X  What has been started in all these countries  purely as a war measure will probably remain  as a measure of political economy, for by the  direction of the great outlines of investment  the best results to all might be expected.  We shall wait with interest to. see how.this  matter works out.      ,-   -  The organizing of the industrial forces of the  country to assure the maximum results from  industry is the next great step taken. Probably  this will turn out to be a greater step than  the direction of the investment of. capital.  The Jprces of the trades unions in Britain  and America-have  been  directedrtowards^the-  limitation of output.   We take it that this is  always a fundamental mistake and will be until  all the world has been supplied with all usable  requirements.   Now the government has undertaken to  direct these forces to the maximum .  ' production.   It aims to eliminate idleness, drunkenness,  incompetency,   etc.,  from  the  working  staff.   Not by the old method of dismissing the  incompetent  and   replacing  him with   a   more  competent man.   To this the unions have objected.   And   their   objections   would   have   been  just had they bent their powers to transform the  '  incompetent into the competent workman. But  they only undertook to protect hira in his incompetency.   But the government has bent its  efforts to cure the incompetency by removing  the drunkenness, and by improving the workman.  How far this can be carried is hard to say, but  the experiment is interesting.  The taking over of the factories of the country is another startling move. Also the coal  mines, etc. It has long been advocated and  now the matter will have a trial. It should  prove such a .success that there may be developments along this line which will endure. The  war that is now going on will give place to the  old time industrial war and the new system may  be a factor in it after the present military war  has passed away.  The mobilizing of .workers into a semi-military government service is a another step. It  is momentous and the experiment once tried will  not be forgotten. - ���������  We shall certainly have many new things  when the war has passed, and we shall miss  many things which may never return.  FAILURE OF THE  SUBMARINE BLOCKADE  WE have had time now to test the submarine  danger. At the beginning of the war  there was much uneasiness as to how the  battleship and the cruiser would stand up against  this ..undersea' monster. Early events did not  offer much to allay that uneasiness. But now  it appears that having tested the powers of the  submarine, and avoiding the danger caused by  those   powers,   the   battleship   and   the   battle  cruiser will still hold' its place in the fighting  forces of the sea. X  ���������the dread of the danger to the merchant ship  was the next fear and the enemy loudly advertised that failing to drive the! armed battleship ���������  from the sea heV would at all events drive the  unarmed merchantmen therefrohi.  But again the dread has largely passed. It  is safe toconjecture that thecost to Gerhiany in  submarines has been as great or greater than  the cost to Britain in merchantmen, and as the  defences against the underwater raiders increase  in area, this proportion will probably increase.  It is encouraging to find that the overseas  commerce of Britain in March was her banner  month, not only during the time of the war, but  it is stated in all her history.  The failureV of. the Zeppelins as a general  factor of the war also has been a surprise;  It may fie that many of them together will  succeed in once raiding England and in burning  much property. But although long promised  that, raid has not yet transpired. Still, even  though it should, there is now enough known of  the cumbrous machines to asure that they are  not a permanent factor in war as the aeroplane has become.  It looks, as though the promise was being  fulfilled, "No weapon that is formed against  Thee shall prosper, and every tongue that rises  against thee in judgment, thou shalt condemn."  THE PEACE RUMOURS  THE BELGIAN KING  IS there  any  real prospect of peace coming  in the near future?  Many factors enter into this matter.   Those  who read the significant statements made'  as to the dividends paid by the ammunition factories in Germany may' not have understood all  this is meant by that statement.  All the factories, which supply the govern- '  ment with the materials for carrying on the war  are or at least the greater proportion of them,'  are controlled by the immediate following of the  Kaiser.   They are essentially belonging to what  is usually called the Prussian element.  Commercial factories, etc., belong to the outside, but these to the inner circle.  All munitions and supplies are paid for, we  understand, in gold. Other commodities are paid  for on scrip or fiat money. That is to say, are  paid for in paper currency, the value of which  rests largely on/the war indemnity the Gerv  mans have taught the people they will levy on  Britain. France and Russia       /  * Therefore, as all the* gold is being used for  supplies from these factories so owned by the  Kaiser and his following, it "seems clear that  into the hands of the shareholders of. these factories there will pass all the gold of Germany.  The wages to the men in these factories is paid  in scrip so that the gold stays there. Twenty  per cent; and over dividend has lately been declared .by these factories. X  It seems, therefore, that at the end of the  war there will be little or no gold outside of this  circle, and as the scrip will be useless in the  end, the rest of Germany will be ruined, but,  the inner circle bid fair to be the richest clique  in the world.  These things being so, there is little likelihood  in any real plea for peace coming from Ger:  many until this class has stripped the rest of  Germany of all their wealth in exchange for  the munitions of war.  This is a very real factor in the game.    ;  That the German people will go on to the  end: seems certain. The nation is hypnotized..  They cannot see that they are being exploited  by the most piratical gang the earth ever bred.  Who failing to plunder the rest of the world are  busy plundering their own. They cannot see that  the allies are striving* to bring them freedom  from the military burden which- is destroying  them. It is not likely that this generation will  1 see^thatrX ThereforeXHr seems^hopeless tonexpect^  that there will be any move from the German  people towards peace  That the allies will not make peace until the  sword is laid aside by Germany or brokendn her  hand seems sure.  But there is THE KING OF KINGS. At the  right time He will command, and the nations  will return to peace. He, if we may hope to  know the mind of the Infinite, will not so command until we have all learned the lessor! He is  striving to teach us in these tremendous events.  We may be very dull scholars, and it may  take a lot of hammering to \ teach us what is  His will.  But with it all by the various processes which  govern the event, we may expect peace to break  out this year.  ., ,������ ������������������������������������".��������� ������������������  The sudden outbreak of hostilities at Ottawa  has taken most people by surprise, and has caused most of the people to feel some humiliation.  The charges against a man who has filled a large  place in the eye of. the people as an ex-cabinet  minister, and earlier as a leading cabinet minister  are very grave matters. It may be that the  matters are in themselves not of the largest magnitude. But the principal involved is a gr&at  one. Otir public representatives are paid men,  and their travelling expenses, etc., are met by  the country. The ministers are better paid.  No man claims that they are well paid according  to the ability that they should possess to carry  on the work. But they know the remuneration  and elect to offer their services to the country.  It is the ideal that these men should not  prostitute their offices to make personal gain  either for themselves or for their followers. Any  man found doing so in any measure at all  should instantly forfeit his position. And the  sooner this method!of dealing with the matter is  followed the better. But we hope that the matter is not so bad in this case. We would far  rather hear that there had been no violation  of the trust of the people, and from what we  have known.of the person we believe this will  be the case.  ���������   ���������   ���������  It is to the credit of. the present administration that it did not begin its work by searching  for matters to be thrown at the retiring party  after the defeat of that party.  Albert,, the present King of  the Belgians, came to the throne  as far as, the Belgian people  knew^ little better than an untried stripling. At the time of  the succession, says John de  Courcy MacDonneil in^ his '' Belgium, Her Kings, Kingdom and  People,''there was yet something  of a boyish look about his long,  slim figure, joined to his trick of  blushing frequently, and this  made this princely general of the  Belgian army seem a boy in his  teens,. As heir to the throne he  had taken his seat in the Senate  and had delivered speeches; but  these speeches were far different  from those his Uncle and predecessor delivered when he sat in  the Senate as heir to the throne.  King Leopold II., when Duke of  Brabant, had already the wide  views and the determination of  the Empire Maker. Prince Albert's speeches, read with bashful  hesitancy, akin to mumbling,  dealt with somewhat waterish  economic projects.  Elizabeth, liave done much for  the poorer classes. "The King's  desire for the advancement of.  the interests of the working'classes is real. He takes a human  interest in their lives. He is the  great patron of the fisher folk  and sailors."  " King Albert is the most popular King who has sat on the  throne of Belgium. His.subjects  know he is resolved to rule  strongly for them. Already;he is  acclaimed "The People's King;"  It is not vain popularity he works  for, but the real welfare of the  people."   .  AMMUNITION ORDERS  RECEIVED HERE  NOT WAR MAD  Until 1391 -Prince Albert had  no expectation of succeeding to  the throne, and up till then,'' had  led the ordinary life of a continental princeling. He was educated in part at the military  school, in part* by private tutors,  but without any training in the  difficult art of kingship. He is,  or seems to be, the most conscientious of . men. The moment he  found himself heir to the throne  he set to work to improve what  he considered his imperfect education. Daily he sat at the feet  of Baron Lambermont, Belgium's  great diplomatist, and learned  the secrets of diplomacy from  him. A liberal professor, head of  the. Sociologist Institute, established by the millionaire Solvay, gave  him lessons in political economy."  "He did not pronounce as  grandiose a harangue to the chambers as eopold II .had done on  his accession, but what he said  produced the best effect. Special note was taken of and special pleasure found in his reference to art and literature, which  he declared should be protected.  In the previous reign financiers,  rather than artists or men of letters, had the protection of the  throne and surrounded the King.  Yet Belgium is still aland of artists, the fatherland of great writers. King Albert, as, King Leopold II. before him always did,  meant what he said. He has already given solid proofs of his  interest in art and his intention  Orders for the manufacture of  30,000 shells for the use of the  Allies will be' distributed among  eight Vancouver firms if the recommendation of. Col. David Carnegie, special representative ������of  the British government, and ordnance adviser to the Dominion  authorities, is adopted. Following  his invesligatidn of facilities here  for making munitions he jmade  an announcement to the above  effect. No orders will be definitely let. he said, until the recommendation has been officially,  endorsed. .  The report that orders for shells  have been placed in Victoria is  a little premature, he stated, as  the same rule is applied in all  cities. The local orders will be  distributed among the following  firms: Vancouver Engineering  Works, Letson & Burpee, Wallace Shipyards & Engineering Co.,  B. C. Marine Railways Ltd.; Vulcan Iron Works, Mainland Jron  Works and the Heaps Engineering Company.  The orders will provide employment for a large number of  men for a considerable period.  Three hours' work will be entailed in the shaping of each shell  without taking into consideration  the time and labor for drilling,  sand blasting, fixing the copper  bands and the other operations.  ' Col. Carnegie inspected all the  local shops while here, and also  visited Britannia mine in connection with the establishment of a  refinery for copper and zinc  products.  Eleven hundred skilled mechanics for work in armament  shops on the Clyde in Scotland  are advertised for in the American papers. 500 turners for engine lathes, 350 milling machine  for  operators,    100,   operators  regard to literature. That he  should speak of and practice philanthropy every one knew.''  Both he and his wife, Queen.  50 planing machine hands. Applicants were told to apply ^by  letter and were promised union  wages, "plus unlimited piecework  and overtime."  Benjamin Harris, recording  clerk in the New York Country  Clerks office, received from his  uncle, Professor I. H. Hirsch,  lecturer On phpsise and mathematics in King's College, London a letter giving the represent-:.  taives Englishmen's point of  view and attitude toward the Germans after six months of the war.  The letter, dated at Hillel House,  Cambridge, England, says in  part:  You ask me to give my impression of present conditions. To  my mind the most striking feature of. the situation is still the  the general absence of vindic-  tiveness or even contempt for the  German people. Englishmen are  joining the colors by the hundred  thousand, but not in the "jingo"  spirit . You will perhaps remember the type of man one meets  so frequently in Lancashire and  Yorkshire���������the old Puritan type  ���������the man who goes to his work  with the sense of dirty /dominan,  doing his work throughly, not  necessarily because he likes it,  but 'beceuse the job is to be done.  But few or more'like the job, but  the job is there to be done.  It appears to be beyond the  mental powers of a German to  understand, this. To him, apparently, war is part of his religion/  or it is nothing. He cannot understand that a nation should go  to war because it is part of its  religion to destroy the worshipers of Mars, the war god. It is  fortunate for Germany that England is not war mad, for if ever  the fighting blood of the country  were really stricken with the lust  for German blood, then God help  the Germans. Personally, I am  praying that the Germans will  have sense enough not to repeat  such escapades as the attack on  Scarborough.  Behind this grim struggle Englishmen have not lost the feeling that German flesh and blood  are still human, and, therefore,  they do not wish to inflict more  suffering On German women and  children than is necessary. For  years the Germans have been mistaking English patience for weakness and decadence. Now they  must be compelled to listen.  If you hear that England is  determined to crush Germany  beyond redemption treat the report with contempt. We cannot  crush seventy millions of people  except at tp enormous cost, nor  would it pay. The enemy is not  Germany, but autocracy.  ^  Every man in the Community should remember  that spending his money in the district where he<  does business is just that much more that he has  a chance of getting back through the channels of  his own business.  Do you ever remember of making a sale to  that Printer "Back East" to whom you sent your  last order for PRINTING ? Think it J>ver, and  remember,   The   Terminal   City   Press   Ltd.   has  spending   their money right in  your  day.  employees-  store every  Terminal City Press Ltd.  203-7 Kingsway  Phone: Fair. 1140  TC~ti?A4tEH ;���������; ./I'  Friday, April 16,1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  ���������'X'  Our Yo/YUm^e^ Kipling  "THE GREAT WHITE THRONE"  In a million homes in our empire now  There's a hush���������-that was ne'er before,        X  The pulse beats quick, and the face grows pale  At the postman's knock at the door.  1 here's many a face that is lost for aye  To the haunts that were once its own,  And there's many a thousand earnest prayers  Going up to. '���������' The Great White Throne.''  II.  There are millions of men in the firing line.  Who have" left all that they hold dear,  Just for the sake of the land they love,  But sometimes���������they shed a tear;  It is not the tear that is born of fear  And to cowards it's never known  It comes with a'prayer to a God they know  Going up to "The Great White Throne."  III. ,     4  There are millions of toddling boys and girls  Who cry for their absent dad's,  There are millions of mothers and sweethearts , too  Who are proud of their,soldier lads,  There are many who never prayed before  Who will kneel when they're all alone.  And endless appeals to the "God of Hosts"  Going up to the "Great White Throne."  ������������������.'���������'   'iv.-;'-   ���������������������������.���������   *  Tis-4he lot of the chosen race of God,  To fulfil which was fore-ordained  The "Father of Israel" never sleeps,  And the Book of His Word proclaimed.  That David's crown should live for aye,  His line���������which is Britain's own,  Will join in the end with the victor's song  Coming down���������from the Great "V^hite Throne.  ���������W. A. ELLIS.  _5_E  Economy and Efficiency,  Our Motto  Our Business his been tnillt up bv merit elone  X;.,/-. X|_i?ek--& co.  Heating Engineers.  109* Homer St. Sey. 661  y y/k/j yyk������-/k/k//*/\  j.'..-'i.':.*'"Xy*.^X  Jsw^...- ���������-. ���������^...tf.5^^>A^<a!l^3^������������^aB(aJ*l^fe...������������������*���������������������������7.'  :,���������<-.:-> ���������:.:":  ��������� rti     ������������������;vi"%>^    -***���������  X  K  VIEW  OF  WATERFRONT  FBOM  THE  INLET  SHOW INO NEW C.  P.  E.  TERMINALS  OBITUARY  W. C. Gladwin  The death occurred in North  Vancouver this week of Capt. W.  G. Gladwin, the Conservative candidate for North Vancouver riding. His demise occurred at his  residence after a four months'  illness. He leaves a wife and father, besides three brothers in  different parts of the Dominion,  and two sisters, one in North  Vancouver and one in Eastern  Canada.  Deceased was a native of Halifax County, N. S., where he was  born in 1869. He removed to  the prairie provinces in 1888, but  before coming west took a short  course in the Boyal Military College. In 1891 he removed to  Kamloops, and while there was a  member of the police board for  several years. In 1906 he came  to the coast and settled in North  Vancouver He was a member of  the board of ferry directors for  a number of years and was later  fire warden for some time.  .,       \       ���������������������������':'���������*��������� :���������   '������������������   -kj.:'  The death occurred this morning of Miss Gladys McMorran,  only daughter of. Mr. and Mrs.  A. McMorran,'2816 Sophiaustreet.  the by-law was ultra vires, and  the subscription thereby not valid. Power was given the finance  committee^ to secure further legal advice if such were deemed  necessary'after a thorough examination of the opinions already secured. The matter is to be laid  before the directors at a special  meeting shortly.  Some discussion took place regarding the validity of proceedings of the board during the period of Mayor Taylor's disqualifications, but the opinion of Burns.  & Walkem. solicitors for the company, was* that in no way was  the acts of the board invalidated.  COMMISSIONERS REFUSE  BREWERY LICENSE  The  The Advance Agent of  OOJP'Q&T ANP 00NVUNJHN0B  . ���������   ' ������������������   i ��������� -���������  Forms a closer uniotx of Home,  Business and Friends.  H For a limited time, Business or  Residence Telephones will be installed   upon   payment   of   $5.00  x Rental in advance.  ���������5 For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  B. C. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  r_ ' Commencing tomorrow Mount  Pleasant will have  something in the  way of ice cream  parlors which  will be appreciated by those who  have the sweet  tooth. Messrs. Prochnau & Gates  the energetic proprietors of The  Fern and The, New Store, have  taken over the premises adjoining The New Store in the Lee  building, and have put in very  artistic furnishings. A new  fountain, neat boxes in Mission  finish, and real service will go  far towards making it the rendezvous of Mount  Pleasantites. 25  prizes will be given away onSatur-  tne  opening  day, coupons With  every 10 cent purchase.  8. J.  T. & B. CO. MEETING  At a meeting of the Burrard  Inlet Tunnel and Bridge Company on Wednesday it was decided to ask the finance committee to give an opinion on the  validity of the by-law of the district of North Vancouver authorizing the subscribing of a certain amount of stock in the  bridge company. Some of the legal advisers from whom opinions had been secured held that  The city license commissioners  had to deal with an application  on Wednesday from the Empire  Brewing Company from Nanaimo.  for' the  privilege  of  opening; a  brewery in this city.   The' matter  came up at the regular meeting,  and' on strong representations being made against the application  by. the different religious bodies  of  the  city,   the   commissioners  refused to grant the application.  It was  proposed  to  locate  the  brewery  at  the   corner  of ,13th  and; Slocan   street  in  Hastings  Townsite. The promoters are Nanaimo men, and it was claimed  that they had a good reputation  there for the past quarter of a  century.  The oldest investment on earth  is the real estate ��������������������������� mortgage. In  ancient Babylon 2100 B. C, in  the reign of Khammurages, money was loaned on mortgage, while  the great Babylonian banking  house of the Egibi family, founded about 600 B. C, invested large  sums in mortgages^on both farm  and city property. Mortgages  were recorded on bricks, preserved Jn^the_contemporary_ safe de-,  posit valuts���������great earthenware  jars buried in the earth���������and dug  up in our own day.  ���������   ��������� ��������� ��������� > .  The infamous gambling casino  at Monte Carlo is^suffering on account of the war. The annual  report of its corporation shows a  shrinkage of. more than two millions of dollars as compared with  the receipts for 1913. This is a  loss of fifty per cent. It will  not be deplored by anyone except  the owners and operators of this  disreputable institution. Even  its patrons will look with some  degree of complacency on the situation. The victims of folly seldom pity the' instruments and  agents of their madness.  WASHING TON.D.C.  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942.  1101 Dominion Building.  MT. Vtf������M  im ������nui( wtac  THE HOUSE OF AMERICAN IDEALS  HOTEL POWHATAN  IS  NEW.   (FIREPROOF. EUROPEAN.  RESTFUL       REFINED.       REASONABLE.  Room* with detached tab,        $1.50 per day ap  ROOHIS with private bath, $2.00 per dap ap  Booklet ft Hap eareqaett.  TOMWJTOWN  The town of. Barkervjlle, which  sprung up with the original discovery of gold in Cariboo, is situ  ated in the' bed of William's  Creek being the most convenient  place for miners to build their  cabins. ,  -With the opening up of this  hitherto is olated mining country,  with railways, has resulted in  attracting capitial in most  roarlred degree. And as a result  of the high values obtained in  decided to move the entire town  a distance of about two miles,  to bench aover-looking the vll-  ey, and which will prove to be a  much more suiaable site, after  which the entire valley of Williams Creek will be dredged.  In spite Of the war depression  capitalists are ever on the lookout with a keen eye for profitable  investements, and that British  capital which is being diverted  to Europe on account of the war  is losing a most valuable opportunity.  But the Americans, who are the  shrewdest money makers are  wide awake to the opportunities  which present themselves on account of the Northern Interior of  British Columbia being opened up  by railways, and the dearth of  British capital caused by the war.  The Guigenheims, said to be the  wealthiest mining corporation- in  the world, are large factors in the  development of. Barkerville district, haying large holdings on  Antler Creek, William's Creek,  and also on a number of smaller  creeks. While a number of mining companies of. less importance  are apuiroing holdings preparatory to installing dredging and  hydraulic plants.  A plant costing half a million  will be installed at William's  Creek, and one of about the same  size at Antler Creek providing  the borings are satisfactory.  Recently information leads to the  bellief that they are.  Those who are in the know  pradict a busy season in this Northern niining district as well as  a large output of gold.  "ROUGH ON RATS" clears out  rats, mice, etc. Don't die in the  house. 15c and 25c at drag and country  stores. tJf.  Phone Seymour 9086  Are you a Spender ?  If so, do you realize the fact that  you are throwing away the bricks  with which you should be building  your future?   It's worth  considering!  Start a Deposit Account With Us  4 per cent, interest on deposits, subject  to  cheque  credited  monthly._  References: Dunn's, Bradstreets or any  reliable Financial Institution in Vancouver.  .),  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  122 Baitings Street Wert and  ' McKay Station. Bunwby  i������$?v.,  ���������^k/1^m  ���������tfL'  >    'At-'" <f������.''  rnxmrna *s<������v**T*oir������  '-\ -* "f - 'I  Witt. INVADE BOWUUTO?  The Daily Sketch says: "Germany has been preparing a dramatic stroke to reassure her  people after the fall of. Pryem-  zsl and the threat on the Dardanelles, and there is reason to believe this stroke is to be an in-:  vasion of Holland. Strategic railroads were prepared on the Dutch  frontier before the war broke  out. Owing to the duplicity of  the Krupp firm the guns and armor ordered for the Dutch coast  forts have never been supplied.  In the event even of partial success, Germany would by this move  obtain fresh territory from which  she could secure supplies, and  with which to bargain at the  end of the war. The primary object of the invasion of Holland  would be to obtain new North  Sea bases from which to threaten  Britain.  Governing Timber on Dominion lands  in Manitoba. Saskatchewan, Alberta, the  North West Territories, the Railway  Belt in the Province of British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres Located by the Dominion  in the Peace River' District in British  Columbia.  Wceniea  A license to cut timber on a tract not  exceoding twenty-five square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of fS.OO per square  mile, per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Vale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of  5 cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section 20 of the  regulations.-^-^ .^-^^ _ _ _   _     _     ���������  Timber permits ana Bum  Permits may be granted in the Provinces of Manitoba. Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners of portable 1 sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile In extent, on payment of dues at  the rate of SO cents per thousand feet,  P.M.. and subject to payment of .rental  at the rate of flOO per square mile, per  annum.  Timber for Homesteaders  Any occupant of a homestead quartet-  section having no timber of his own  suitable for the purpose may, provided  he has not previously been granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut the quantity of building and  fencing timber set out in Section 51 of  the Regulations.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy of the Minister of the Interior.  h  he loftiest active volcano, is  PopoQatapetl. It is 17,784 feet  high, and has a crater three miles  in circumference, and 1000 feet  high.  LAND ACT  E   C. OWEN  Manager-  fifiM-esS!  .1  &4 * air  VS. v*-xp. STATOW  New   Westminster  Land   District,  District of Texada Island.  TAKE NOTCE that I, Joseph Astley,  of Vancouver, occupation engineer,  intend to apply for permission to lease  the following described foreshore for  docking purposes: Commencing at a  post planted about one and a half  miles.from the southern point (on the  east side) of Texada Island, Ithence  following the shore line in a northwesterly direction to the head of an  unnamed bay (henceforth to be known  as Astley Bay), thence following the  shore line around the bay to the east  side, thence south-east for about 750  feet.  Dated  January  20th,  1915.  -JOSEPH   ASTLEY.  ���������yvomxs or ooaj, voraro  MBOV&ATXOmi -  Coal mining rights of the Dominion,  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. '  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portin of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term of twenty-one years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2569 acres will be leased to one applicant. >  Application for a lease must be made  by the appVcant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district in which  the rights applied for are situated.  ln surveyed territory; the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5. which will be refunded if the rightB applied for are not  available, but not otherwise. A: royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of 5 cents  per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining  rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the  rate of f 10.00 an acre.  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  'Lands.  ,   '        ' W. W. CORY.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  X. B.-r-Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for. THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 16, 1915.  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont B4B  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  NURSE INTERVIEWS  GERMAN EMPEROR  CANADA AFTER THE WAR  ������ X  *  *W. Jules Batzkowski of Paris j    Germany has used up all her  and Cairo, expert adviser to the gold and her paper money is at  French and Egyptian govern  ments, has returned to Canada  from the scene of hostilities and  in an interview said:  "lam confident that in the rush  of prosperity that is bound to  follow the finish of thisc great  world struggle, Canada will participate to a large extent. The  boom will not come right after  the conelusion of the war, but  will take some time, probably two  years. During this time emigration to Canada will be limited, because the men will be needed over  at the other side. In two years'  time, however, the rush to Canada will be enormous, and I firm?  ly beleive that in five years' time,  Montreal and Toronto and other  . -cities will have a tremendous, increase   in   population.  I nan interview M. Batzkowski  ' said the war would kill the  1' Made in Germany" cry, and  her commercial standing - in the  world would be destroyed for  even. The allied countries and  Canada especially would share in  the trade that has up to this time  been hers. It would then be a  case of "Made in Great Britain, " " Made in. France," and  "Made in Canada."    X  M   Batzkowski   spoke   cheerfully of the progress of the war.  He voiced the opinion that the  great conflict now being waked  could not continue  much after  the month of July.   This is not  only his own opinion,  but  the  same opinion is expressed by the  prominent people of France, and  the officers of the French army.  The war, according to M. Batzkowski,  was  not   an  ordinary  war, but a giganitc siege, which  is slowly but surely coming to  a climax.  a discount. She cannot continue  long, because her vitality has  been all used up. Another two  or three or four months will see  her end.  In Paris there is very ; little  general business being done,  everything is set aside for the  war.* The machinery manufacturers are, however, working day  and night supplying the munitions of war. All the young men  have gone to the front.  Before leaving France, M.  Ratzkowski paid a visit to some  of the hospitals and had conversations with several of the/ wounded soldiers. He met many of  them who had been wounded not  once but many times, and it was  not their first time under treatment. But they were not complaining one bit, all jolly and  contented, and eager for the day  to come when they could go back  to the trenches and again help  their brothers in arms. M. Batzkowski was much impressed  with the deep sympathy that  exists between the French and  British soldiers, who fraternize  just like brothers, sharing whatever they possess.. He said there  was a bond between them that  would' last for ever  France appreciated to the full  the great response made by -Can  ada to the cause of the allies, and  in the' time to. come Canada  would be remembered by the  French government. M. Bat-  sknwski said that^fter the war his  country would need enormous  supplies of steel, iron, copper and  products of similar nature, and  the loyalty of Canada would be  reeoginized to the full by her  receiving a great share of orders  for these supplies.  THEWARTAX  The post office department,  having given notice a week or  two ago in connection with the  "War Revenue Act, that all letters ahd postcards mailed in Canada for delivery*, in Canada, the  United States or Mexico, and letters mailed in Canada for delivery in the United' Kingdom and  British possessions generally, or  wherever the two cent rate applied, should in addition to ordinary postage carry a one cent  stamp as a war tax, and also  having notifie'd the public that  such war tax. while it should be  paid preferably by the postage  stamp marked "War Tax," could,  if such stamp were not available)  be paid by an ordinary one cent  postage stamp, is now issuing further notice to the effect that  postage stamps may be used for  the prepayment of war duties on  bank cheques, bills of exchange,  promissory notes, express money  orders, proprietary or patent  medicines, perfumery, wines or  champagne, as well as upon letters and postcards, postal notes  and post office money orders, the  intention being to provide facilities in those portions of the country where excise stamps are not  readily available. This in view  of the fact that postage stamps  may be obtained at all points  over the whole country in many  places where there is no collector  of inland revenue and no inland  revenue stamps could be obtained is a distinct convenience to  the public and no doubt will be  largely taken advantage of.  White Bock, Apr. 13, 1914.  Editor Western Call:  Pear Sir,���������As I am a reader of  the Call and notice the stand you  are taking on tax sales throughout our country, I thought I  would give you my experience;  I bought 80 acres in Langley  three years ago under agreement  of sale for $6,800, paying all but  $2,650, for which. I gave mortgage over two years, as I was  unable to make the payments  I had to give this mortgage.  Now the municipality has sold  it for taxes, amount $153, and if  I or the man who holds mortgage does not pay this by the 1st  of June this year, the party gets  our land for $153. I have already paid $4,150 and the man  who holds mortgage will lose  $2,650. Now, this man is an English gentleman, who came out  here with a. few hundred pounds  and invested his money in this  way, with the intention, I suppose, of going into business later  on when he gets better acquainted with the way of doing business in. this country. Needless to  say he has had enough already  and will go back hove disgusted,  and, of course, will tell all he  learned in Canada of. how he lost  his money here. Then people  wonder what is the matter, why  money is so tight. With a little  more of this kind of advertising  it will not surprise me to see it  much worse.  E. J. Weatherly.  For Sale or For Rent Cards, 10c Each  AT  WESTERN   CALL   OFFICE  The rather doubtful privilege  of an interview with the Kaiser  fell to the lot of a French nurse,  who was taken prisoner with her  ambulance, near Sedan. Threatened with execution as a spy, she  wrote to the Emperor, and was  received into the august presence at Charleville.  In the France de Demain, M'.  Hinzelin tells the story of . the  interview which followed. The  Kaiser had taken up his quarters  in a couple of houses near tho  station at Charleville. His bedroom was protected against, possible, hostile aeroplane a. tut ks by  guns- mounted on pivots, and  whenever he went abroad for a  constitutional on horseback or in  motor car he was accompanied  by a strong escort.  The lady was > introduced into  the Kaiser's presence by an officer of his staff. Major Von Pies-  sen. When she entered the s reception room she saw sitting at a  table covered with maps and  plans an officer in a greenish-  gray uniform. At her entrance  the officer rose, clicked his heels  together in the German way, and  said, "I salute the ladies of  France."   >  It was the Kaiser, through she  had some difficulty in-recognizing  him. He had not shaved his  moustache, but cut it very close.  There were heavy pouches under  his eyes, and his skin was yellow  and drawn. He looked not like  the photographs, but like the cari-  icatures of himself. As soon as  she came before him he asked her  to be seated, and with a strange,  nervous rapidity set her a series  of questions which he answered  himself. It was rather a monologue than an interrogatory.  '' Why did France insist on  making war on us ?" he first asked/ following up his question before it could be answered by .a  second. "Don't you know that  France was the first to mobilize?" ������������������":���������'���������" . :._..,  Half swamped beneath the torrent of royal words the nurse  murmured something about the  invasion of Belgium. The Kaiser  caught at Belgium.  "They are probably reproaching us with that," he said. "Just  listen to me. At Brussels' we  found absolute proof that a  treaty existed between Belgium  France and England, enabling  the French and English to attack Germany through Belgium."  . '" Excuse me, sir," said the  French woman, trying to stem the  stream of. verbiage. "I have  come here to protest against a  charge of espionage."  But the Kaiser swept her interruption aside.-  "I'll tell you what I think of  your fine England," he said, with  growing fury. "She is treachery incarnate. She has betrayed  everybody, and me first of all. If  I wished she would betray  France to-morrow. How can  France have made common cause  with our secular foe ? I expected better things of you. Yet it  is true that you are proving  yourselves unworthy of your ancient fame, for you have sum-1  moned savages to your assistance.  Just think, bloodthirsty negroes  form the flower of your army!"  Here the Frenchwoman broke  in: "I have never heard, sire,"  she said, proudly, "that our  black troops massacre children,  shoot down old men, burn  churches and desecrate sepulchres."  The Kaiser had not the time to  answer this charge. It is doubtful whether he even heard it. At  that moment the politic Von  Plessen half opened the door of  the audience chamber.  "Good." said the monarch  hastily. "It appears to us that  you have been wrongly accused,  and you shall be set at liberty,  but do not fail to repeat all that  we have said to you."  BRITISH NAVY AND  RAILWAY GROWTH  The present conflict in Europe  has demonstrated beyond the possibility of doubt that the maintenance of Britain's superiority  at sea, and the expansion of the  wheat areas in British Dominions,  have been linked together as basic factors in the consideration of  plans for imperial offence and  defence. The lawmakers in London, as a matter of policy,, have  allowed nothing to interfere with  the building up of an all-powerful navy, and they have steadfastly ignored the protests of  Englishmen who have contended  that Great Britain would be in  an impossible position if a war  should develop with a powerful  maritime power. There were numerous men in England who believed that in the event of an  important European struggle involving Great Britain "the hunger of London would dictate  terms of peace." But the admiralty were convinced that the  sea power, of Britain would keep  all the routes open for foodstuffs.  The lands in the British Isles  which might have been devoted  to the growth of more wheat were  left as before, and the investors  of Britain by placing their funds  in the bonds of railways in> Canada, in South Africa, in Australia  and in New Zealand,, where vast  stretches of fertile country remained to be opened up, encouraged the production of a steady  supply of foodstuffs Which might  be called upon in case of emergency. The under-water craft of  Germany have failed to throttle  the shipping of Great Britain.  Her ships come and go as they  please; And the resources of  wheat lands, in themselves many  times the area of the British Isles  are available for the need of the  people of Britain. X  The bulk of the supplies of  Canadian wheat for export are  drawn each year from the wheat  fields of the prairie provinces.  The total supply may be computed  by a study of the carryings of  the railways. During the. crop  year 1913-4, the Canadian Northern alone handled the territory  served by its western lines,  47,295,000 bushels. Estimating  the increase this year at 29 per  cent, the C. N. R, should haul out  approximately the 56,750,000 bushels of wheat from the provinces  lying between the Great Lakes  and the Bocky fountains. That  quantity of wheat, converted successively into flour, and into  standard loaves of bread, would  feed Greater London, with its  estimated population of 7,252,963,  for more than four and a half  years.:.v  According1 to the millers, a  barrel of flour, 196 pounds, is  made from 4% bushels of wheat,  and^ according to the bakers,  187 standard loaves of 24 ounces  each, are made from one barrel  of flour. The anticipated carry-  igsn on the Canadian Northern  this season, then, represent  12,511,111 barrels and 2,358,277,  775 loaves of bread. If this  were divided in London each  individual in the Imperial City  you divide the population of the  capital into families of three,  each family would be provided  liberal supply of 4 loaves a week  to each family would extend the  foodstuffs over 244 weeks, or  more than four and a half years.  There is no need to carry the  illustration further, so long as  Britain holds command of the  seas, the available supply of foodstuffs from Canada alone should  suffice to overcome the handicap  her critics maintain she imposed  upon herself by producing but  a quarter of what she annually  consumes.  In at least one city in Kansas  the public school teachers give  the children credit for work done  in the home, such as washing  dishes, cooking, sweeping, making beds,' and observing the rules  of sanitation. Parents are required to make regular reports  of such work.  *   ���������   *  One of the newest of the ocean  liners has no steerage. In its  place is a third class cabin. This  does riot provide luxuries, to be  sure, but is so far above the sodden liuman welter of the old  steerage that it deserves to "be  welcomed as an evidence of the  progress  of civilization.  Don't Procrastinate���������Plant Soon  ���������The British Columbia Apples, in a world competition, captured thef  Gold Medal Prize. This means, that the B. C. orchards will lead the worldi"  A  word  to  the -wise   is  sufficient.       V  We  are offering  choice varieties of our one year old  apple tree stocl  at Ten Dollars per 100;  two and three year old stock reduced accordingly;!  Our other fruit tree stock and general nursery stock we give 30 per cent, off!  catalogue price-, allowed in additional stock.   Cash to accompany-order. .1'  In our stock pf over .$100,000 we have everything you want to make?  your orchards greater and your gardens more beautiful. Catalogues mailed,),  free  on  application.  Patronize home growers, and build up a home pay roll.   ;  ROYAL NURSERIES, LIMITED  Head Office, 710 Dominion Bldg., 207 Hastings St. W. Phone, Sey. 5556  Store, 2410 Granville St., Phone, Bay. 1926  Nurseries and Greenhouses,, Boyal, on the B. 0. B. By. Eburne Branch,  VPhone, Eburne 43 ^  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay.  Office Phone:  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rianufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1066 Dunsmuir St. . Vancouver  B.C.  THE BIGHT SPRIT  Rt. Hon. Lewis Harcourt's announcement this week that the  Overseas Dominions will be fully  consulted in regard to any peace  proposals is acclaimed with favor  by the masses of the United Kingdom and the British Colonies  alike. And why not? Are not  the colonies an integral part of  the great Empire, and are we not  quite as vitally interested in the  outcome as our brethren in the  United Kingdom. Now is the  time for the laying of a new foundation for a greater empire than  has been, for the welding together of the outposts of the empire into a, stronger bond of  unity tha: the world has known.  The press despatches quoted below will find favor in the hearts  of all loyal sons of the empire  the world over.  ''Nothing less could well have  been expected," says the Daily  News. 'The creditable part the  dominions have taken in this war  of their own free will manifestly  entitles them to be heard in its  settlement. They have a right to  claim that their own particular  interests shall be adequately safeguarded when peace comes. AndAl  they are  sufficiently aloof from  the main theatre of war to give  their advice valuable impartial-1|  ity.  "The question of forms and mar  chinery by which an opinion of  the dominions is to be obtained  is doubtless more delicate."  The   Daily   Chronicle   regards'  Mr. Harcourt's statement as memorable   and   admirable,   and   as  forming a real landmark in the  history of our imperial relations.  The Daily Telegraph says:  "We rejoice at this pledge given to, the dominions, because the  younger nations possess a clear  vision of what is essential. The  future is theirs, and they will be  on their guard against any compact which places it in jeopardy.  So, if the overseas peoples are  pleased by this announcement as  they will be, we in the mother  couiitry have no less cause for  gratification, in the knowledge  that; they will assist powerfully  byv their counsel to ensure that  ultimate peace agreement which  will alone satisfy our just expectations. " ': VX  Regina���������An interesting statement just prepared by the government shows that the area of  occupied land in Sskatchewan  has increased from 2,833,434  acres in 1901 to 28,642,985 acres  in 1911. In 1901 Saskatchewan  was sixth among the provinces  from point of occupied land,  whereas in 1911 it had attained  first place with over 6,000.000  acres more ' than any other  province in the Dominion.  From . the standpoint of the  value of the occupied land,  Saskatchewan held sixth place in  11901 but had reached second  place in 1911. The acerage value of occupied land in 1901 is giv-  ee as $7.32 per acre, whereas in  1911 it was shown to be $23.10.  These figures go to show the remarkable development which has  taken place in Saskatchewan during the past ten years.  ies Know  4X BREAD IS GOOD  Tbe kiddies don't know tbat only pure ingredients, careful attention and absolute cleanliness go  into 4 Bread, and is responsible for sucb uniforn>ity  and all round goodness as it possesses. ^  But you know,it or can find out.  All Tbey ������uow���������"It's aood."  Phone: Fair. 44 or at all Grocer*  AT HOME  AT THE CLUB  ATTHE HOTEL  Ask for  The Health-Giving  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes  THE HUDSON  SOLE  '8 BAY COMPANY ihpoiters sl. I-  Friday^ April 16,1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  SPORTING COMMENT  Frank Barrieau, the Vancouver  welterweight   boxer,   is   fast  touring   to   the   front   in   the  [ranks of pugilism.     Frank   has  J>een .away from his native city  for upwards three months, and  luring that time  has  met  and  lefeated  no   less  than  thirteen  spirants   for   honors,   nine   of  them    being    given  knockouts.  Barrieau has a way all his own  >f coming out on  top,  and if  Jie  keeps  coming  to ,the  front  nor the next couple of years as  lie has being doing, he will be  me of the top notchers in the  ighting  game   in  this  country,  tumor has it that he will short-  lly come    under s the  wing    of  |Harry  Pollok,  the  manager  of  Freddie  Welsh,  and if this be  Itrue,  Vancouver  will  look  for  Ibig things from Barrieau in the  ���������future.  The Northernwestern League  [baseball series will open here on  I Tuesday of next week with the  [usual ceremonies attached to the  [initial day. Victoria will be the  [first team to come up against  [the champions of the league  [this year, and 0 right from the  [start there promises to develop  I some lively ball. Vancouver has  la host of youngsters working  [hard for a permanent berth on  [the team, and Manager Brown  [is busy this week in the practice games weeding out the weak-  llings. and will be right in line  If or the opening of the season  [with   an   exceptionally    strong  leup.  Lacrosse down east is taking another turn. This time it  looks like an amalgamation of the  two rival leagues down there.  A couple of seasons ago there  was a big split up, the result  being the formation of the new  league called the "Big Four."  The new leagues stepped out on  a heavy finanicial investment,  and the salaries of the players  soared skywards. The quality  of lacrosse was no better than in  the other league, the attendances  were no larger, and the chance  pf lifting the Minto Cup no better, so that no wthe eastern men  are endeavoring tb come to some  agreement with the object of bet-  terink the game.  \ Coquitlam football team an  nexed the the championship of  the province for the third time  as a result of their win over  the Victoria . team in the capital on Saturday last. The  score was three goals to one  and reports say that the quality ot the game put up by the  mainlanders was a treat for the  spectators. This is an enviable  achievement for the Coquitlam  football team, this being the  third consective season for them  to win this honor. The Ranchers  are a splendid combination of  players who play the game from  start to finish, and they deserve  this' honor and the congratulations of all the soccer fans of the  province.  The big leagues in baseball on  the American side opened the  season on Wednesday of this  week under favorable auspices.  The feature of the opening day  was the defeat of last year's  world's champions, the Boston  Braves, at the hands of the Philadelphia team, the score being 3  toO.  Frank Patrick, manager of the  Vancouver hockey team, is authority for the statement appearing in the daily papers that Seattle will have an ice rink next  season and a hockey team. During the season just closed Portland came into the hockey game  and had a successful season. The  enlarging of the league is a good  thing; provided the brand of  hockey provided is up to standard. I nthe event of one of the  American teams winning the pennant, what would be done with  the Stanley cup. This trophy  most assuredly cannot leave the  Dominion, and it looks like the  discard for it eventually.  SOMETHING ABOUT  SALISBURY PLAIN  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor^Fori^s Co.  umitrp  Vancouver, 3. C.  Events still point to the possibility of New Westminster being  in the game of lacrosse again this  season. Negotiations are now in  progress to this effect betwen  the manager of the Royals and  Con Jones, and the probability is  that the old league will be fixed  up again, and that in place of  Victoria the champions of the  world will be back again. If. this  be true, it is sincerely to be .hoped that New Westminster * will  finish out the schedule instead of  quitting cold in the middle of the  season. On the other hand it  might be well for the Vancou-^  yer team to live on the square as  regards all the points of the  game. Any attempt at dirty play  or underhand committee room  taetics will receive the just condemnation of the public, which is  ���������sick and tired of this style of  j athletics. If ever there was an  I opportune time for a cleanup it is  now."; .- .  Where   the   Canadian   Soldiers  Spent Some Time  Salisbury Plain is a fresh surprise to each Canadian who thinks  of England as closely built up and  laid out in gardens and parks.  Mile'after mile one rolls along  over the plains where shepherds  watch their flocks, and birds fly  up from the grass as one passes.  A few men working in the hedges  and ditches are met with, and  some heavy wagons labor through  the heavy roads. Far off there  are groups of trees, here and  there, but for long distances  there is nothing to break the lines  of grass and rolling ground.  The mud of. the roads and the  camps is like the evil quality of  some small girl in a long forgotten instructive poem which  "like a cloud behind the skies,  hid all her better qualities." It  looms very large in the minds of  visitors, and it sticks to their  boots even more conspicously  But even the mind has no power  over the spirits of the cheerful  Canadains who have been gaining eomplectiona and weight and  experience V, during their several  months' training in preparation  for the front.  YEAR WGHT. vv  by presenting your good  wife with an up-to-date  motor washing machine and  ball-bearing wringer; one, of  ours will please her.'  We have a complete stock  of Clothes Pryewr ^wh-  boards, Wash Boilers, Tubs  and Clothes Pius.  ��������� v .. . -  We deliver promptly.  W.ROwen  Tne Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Pbone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  A press despatch from Sask  atoon intimates the decision of  the Canadian Amateur Lacrosse  Association in connection with  the Mann Cup fiasco which has  caused sa much wrangling of  la^e. The decision is to the  effect that the National Association has repudiated the Mann  Cup and will provide another  trophy for competition. In effect  this will mean that the Mann  Cup is now in the discard and  Trustee Lally and his confreres  will not be the arbiters any  longer. According to the ruling  pf the supreme body of lacrosse  in the Dominion Vancouver  Athletic Club are the champions j and any challengers for  the amateur championship will  have to play Vancouver for the  honor. It is understood that on  the strength of assurances froni  Mr.���������Lally,-that-the Bramptonr  Ontario team have challenged  for the honor. Whether they  will be more* desirous 'of playing for the lacrosse championship or for the Mann Cup, held  by the trustees is yet to be seen.  It is a most regrettable incident in connection with the game  that such trouble has come about.  It does seem on the face of it  that some of tbe teams interested were severely at fault,  and it will do the game little  good, although it is well that  the supreme body has taken  the   matter   in   hand. ������  In many places the huts are  being erected, long gray buildings which may be more comfortable lack the picturesqueness of  the contingent are sorrowful oyer  leaving the tents which have been  their home for so long. In one  tent lettersi are being sorted, in  another lunch was in progress,  and smart orderlies marched  about with appetizing meat and  floury potatoes/while we admired  in respectful whispers'the handsome dishes and the cruets. In  another big tent the men were  reading letters and papers, and  the latter were being sorted for  the various companies.  Winchester ^nd Salisbury are  among the cathedral cities where  and in etaointaointaoinaoinaoin  the military element prevails,  and in the later place Canada is  naturally well to the fore. One  heats the familiar accent in the  streets bf. the old town, .and one  meejs Canadain soldiers on foot,  and in transport wagons coming  in from '' The Plain'' or departing there with equal cheerfulness.  In the music shops you see "O  Canada' 'and'' The Maple Leaf,''  and you read the notices of wel-  comes to the soldiers, and enter-  beaut lare-fuyse. .ec.careech lut  tainments " for soldiers. The  beautiful cathedral is holding a  special seven o'clock Sunday  evening service which is hoped  will suit the convenience of sold  iers visiting the city .  On Sunday morning there were  many Canadian officers and men  at the service. One felt it would  have pleased their-mothers to  seeXthera:" tber& "StaiwjSrTXil  strong they looked as they stood  or knelt through, the old service  which has been an inspiration  to generations. Like the knights  of old they were asking a bless  ing on their arms before going  forth to fight for King and  Country and for the weak and  oppressed.  Three hours, it is estimated of  human labor were required to  produce a bushel of. wheat in  1830; now it requires but ten  minutes.  G T. P. STEAMSHIP  "PBINCE GEORGE,"  BACK AGAIN   ON   THE   VANCOUVEE-PEINCE   BTJPEBT   BUN  in  Stationery  VOU realize the favorable  ��������� impression created by  the letterhead, that, because  of its dignity and richness,  stands alone in the mass of  your morning's mail. Naturally you desire your correspondence to have an equally  pleasing effect upon your  customers.  ������  FTHE many advantages of  A striking, distinctive letterheads are generally realized. But in spite of a keen  appreciation of these facts,  the problem of securing really effective letterheads without Unwarranted extravagance is a real problem-  TJJJS problem may be easily  solved by giving your  Printing to the TISJIMINAI,  CITY PRESS, 1>W*  Quality  iri^iro  all our work and our prices  willfit your ideas of economy.  FINE Job Printing is an  art; and perfect work  can only be acquired after  years of experience.  WE PRINT   CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 ICINGS WAY  y  kkWw/-k/^  (/iMj/^S/M  ... jVrSsB  m  XX*i8iS������������#SS'f  - r,--v7:i"<,*>s>'f/f(;">f?';=.">���������  ������������������;.������������������    rt.0."'.y :.*'(.'���������.- ���������.':���������.������'%������.vv  X;X^X������l������sl  ���������-:r^'}:^fm^Mi  -.]. -:XXXfe*;M  k//m8$  VX^g||||;^  Z.3-,.r<j2^:  V*iX'X 8  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 16, 1915.  SOCIAL AND PERSONAL  DR. SIPPRELL  Mr. J. Helliwell has been appointed municipal auditor for Pt.  Grey at a salary of $.800 per  year.  ��������� ���������   ��������� . ��������� ���������  t Rev. W. F. Kerr, of New Westminster, occupied the pulpit of  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church  on Sunday evening last.  Ward V. Liberal Association  will meet in the A. O. F. Hall,  corner Main street and 10th Ave.,  this evening. Messrs. J. S. Cowper and Aid. Mcintosh, Liberal  nominees for the approaching provincial election, will address the  meeting.  * * . ���������  Rev. Dr. Pidgeon. of Westminster Hall, has received a call  to a large Toronto Presbyterian  congregation, with strong inducements to go east. The Dr's.  friends hope he will stay with the  local seat of learning, for the  west needs all her strong men at  the   present  time..  * *   *  A provincial association to embrace all the amateur leagues in  "British Columbia jvill be organized at a meeting'called for the  Y.M.C.A. on Saturday afternoon  ;at 3 o'clock. The new association will affiliate with the Canadian Amateur Lacrosse Association.  * *   *  Rev. Dr. Myers, one of the  foremost Sunday School workers,  on this continent, who is in the  city at the nresent time in connection with special work in  Westminster Hall, will give an  address to Sunday School work  ers and- those interested in young  people's -work in the Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian school .room tonight (Friday) at 8 o'clock.  *   ���������   *  The Gaelic Society held the  last of .their bi-monthly meetings  for the summer season on Thursday evening. During the months  of May, June, July and August,  meetings will be held on the first  Thursday of the month only. The  ladies announce that the first of  the summer series of monthly  meetings to be held in Pender  Hall on May ^ 6th, will take the  form of a social evening, program, tea and cake: A full attendance of the members of the  society and their friends is requested. .     -    ��������� .    V  ��������� ��������� ������������������ ���������    ���������  ,'���������   . ���������'  Mt.  Pleasant  Y.P.S.C.E  The regular meeting of the  above society was held in the  schoolroom on Tuesday, April  13th, at the usual hour, Miss E.  Smith  being in the  chair.  The society was very fortunate*  in having for the speaker of the  evening, Mr. Montgomery, president of the local union, who gave  a very interesting and instructive  address on "Getting Ready for  the Next Life."  The topic for next Monday is  ''One Day in Seven for the Highest Things," and will be taken  by Messrs. Glen Nixon and Roy  Hunter.  XTwenty-five cash prizes on Saturday at Prochnau & Gates' new  ice cream parlors, Lee building.  Custom Shoe Repairing  P. PABIS, Prop.  WORLD SHOE CO.  BEST 8HOE BEPAHUNO IN THE CITY  Work  Done  WMle  You  Wait  Work Called for an4 Delivered  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' snd any Kind of Special Shoes Made  ���������v 'kk'���������"'.*> ������*4������  64 HASTINGS STREET W.     Next Colombia Theatre  Pbone: Seymour 1770.      n VANCOUVER, B. 0.  r1-  Are you goimto  wear this winter?  Leckle's, of Course  And I am going to see that my wife buys them  for THE BOYS too.   They are the best to  wear and are made in Vancouver.  Phone Seympur 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES,  WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  0N_THEWAR  Under the auspices of the  Woman's Missionary Society of  the Grandview Methodist church  Rev. Dr. Sipprell of the Mount  Pleasant Methodist Church Tuesday gave- a,n address on "Germans, Germany and the War."  The speaker divided his subject  into three main heads; The German temperamentj the German  teaching, and Gernjan politics  or tactics. X  There were two Germans, he  said, the old German, the' German of. Kant, Beethoven and  Goethe, and the modern German.  Prussianized under the Hohen-  zollorn dynasty. The temperament of today was one in which  officialism ranked high. It was  seen everywhere being carried  to the minutest detail of the German life. There was a certain  democratic element in the German  life, as seen principally in the  were conducted. Professors were  paid a salary by 'the state of  from $1,000 to $1,500 and an  additional percentage of fees according to the number of students which the professor  attracted. There was a popular  ization of music. Under state  aid the music halls brought the  best in the music world to the  masses of the people. Also the  social life of. the. German was  democratic in a sense that the  average Englishman's was not.  Their numerous parks permitted families to enjoy their  holidays together^ In business  life the Germans were accommat-  ing. Although there was much  beer comsumed in Germany Dr.  Sipprell said he saw but two  drunken men during his  sojourn in that country. Above  all the Germans were thrifty and  genial..  But officialism has laid its  hand on the free and happy life  of the, German people. Officialism has come to manifest itself  in way form of militarism.  ' The soldier who could fight  has come to be regarded above  the man who thought. As the  result of the teaching of their  philosophers the very basis of  Christianity has come to be quest  ioned in_ the minds of a large  percentage^ of the educated Germans. The development of things  accounted for by a, material cbn/  ception. ��������� ������������������. .,������������������,"������������������ V-''v  Then came Nietzsche into; the  life of. the German people and  preached that; as man had developed from from .the brute, so he  would go on developing until  he became a superman. In his  creed only the strong had a  right to live, power was to be  secured by efficiency. ' Tre^t  schike, followed and carried into  the realm of politics the teachings of Nietzsche. Bernhardi  was of the same school with his  theory of world politics���������a  "place in the sun" for Germany.  A rapid survey of the political histoid of^Germ^y^^from  the time of Frederick the Great  to William II. completed the  setting for the present world  leadership of the military party  thought her time to strike had  come.  LAWN  SEED  FERTILTZEB  SEED OATS  Early Bose Seed Potatoes  Grace Darling Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Beliance Seed Potatoes  F. T. VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT FEED STORE  255 BBOADWAY EAST Two Phones:  Fair 186 and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Chick Food for Beet Semite  SUNDAY .SERVICES  The citizens' Sunday services,  .for several months past conducted by Mr. John T. S.evens in the  Rex and Strand' theatres, will,  commencing . next Sunday, be  held in the Dominion theatre,  Granville street, commencing at  7.30 p.m. The afternoon service  will be discontinued for the summer months.  Sunday's program will include  organ recital from 7.10 to 7.30  bv Mr. L. C. Stevens; hymn, "All  People That on Earth Do Dwell";  opening prayer; solo, "The Holy  City," Mrv Geo. O. Sanborn;  scripture lesson; solo, "O Lord,  Rebuke Me," Mrs. Alexander McLean- prayer for our soldiers,  sailorsnand empire; violin solo,  "Walther's Prize Song," Miss  Marjorie Stevens; hymn "O Gud,  our Help in Ages Past"; address,  "The Silver Lining to the War  Cloud,'' Mr. J.--..S. Cowper; solo,  "The Border Maiden," Mrs. Alexander McLean; National Anthem;  Benediction.  Being dissatisfied with the untidy appearance of the streets,  the women of the Civic League of  a Missouri city applied to the  merchants for the funds they usually paid to keep the streets  clean. So well did they perform  this work that when they offered  to hand over the management to  the Commercial Club the business  men ^refused to consider the proposition, and requested the women to carry on the work with  money which the men would  furnish.  A SUCCESSFUL  ENTERTAINMENT  -One of the most successful entertainments of the season took  place on Monday evening last in  the Imperial Theatre, when the  fourra^t comedy /'School," was  presented by the Mount Pleasant  Dramatic Club. A large audience Avas present, the theatre being almost filled, and the efforts  of the players were thoroughly  enjoyed from start to finish. The  affair was under the auspices of  the local Red Cross Society and  was loyally supported by all  those who are interested in that  laudable work.  The comedy is a light, airy little play, with plenty of scope  for histrionic ability, and the features were well brought out in  every act. It is descriptive of  the life of an old country boarding school, and the many humorous incidents of these well known  places of tuition were in evidence. This is the fourth dramatic entertainment by the Mt.  Pleasant troupe, and it easily  eclipsed the others presented to  date. The players are thoroughly at home on the stage, and indeed, some of them are quite  ripe for professional company.  While all the company did  well, special mention, ought to be  made of Mr. A. De Twornickij  in the role of Beau Farntbsh.  His interpretation of the old  uncle could hardly have been improved upon, and his makeup and  actions all through were all that  could be desired. Mr. W. Crighton as Jack Poyntz, and Mr. W.  Strang, as Vaughan, were splendid and were accorded repeated  applause. Mr. W. Leney niade a  splendid villain and was admirable as his role of Mr. Krux.  For the ladies Miss Ethel Riches  as Bella, and Miss , Nada Johnstone as Naomi Tighe, excelled,  and gave a splendid account of  their respective assignments.  These two young ladies should be  heard to advantage in future affairs of this nature. Miss Do-  wal as Mrs. Sutcliffe, maintained her well known reputation,  pleasing her old admirers and  making many new ones. The remainder of the cast/ gave/gilt  edged support to the principals  and generally speaking showed  few weaknesses. "  - During the recess between acts  Miss "polet Bejates-Barbes entertained the audience, with some  fancy dancing. Miss 'Belates-  Barbes has mastered the art and  was exceedingly graceful in her  numbers. The flower dance by  the school girls was one of the  bright features of the entertainment. There is much more than  inighVt be said of the entertainment; it was splendid and thoroughly enjoyed, and the hope of  all those present (which was  freely expressed) was that these  same artists would be heard again  in the near future.  It would be unfair to give all  the congratulations to the entertainers themselves. In this connection mention must be made bf  the painstaking efforts of Mr.  and Mrs. R. H. Baxter, who have  guided the destinies of this organization since its inception.  Mr. and Mrs. Baxter have been  loyal supporters of this class of  work since coming to the city,  and have spent much time and  energy in bringing the Mount  Pleasant Dramatic Society to its  present state of. efficiency, and  Ajery hearty congratulations are  due them. In this the Call is  pleased to concur.  The proceeds of the entertainment were devoted to the material fund of the Red Cross Society, and that patriotic institution will be well rewarded for  its pains in looking after the  staging of the entertainment  CHOIR CONCERT  A very successful and ^enjoy-  able concert was given in the  Central Methodist church-- cor.  Pender and Dunlevy streets, on  Thursday evening by the Mount  Pleasant Methodist choir under  the direction of Madame Yulisse.  The" work of the choir showed  careful training, and the/render^  ing throughout the program was  marked by good expression qnd  interpretation. Good balance and  harmony was also noticeable in  the unaccompanied work and in  the massed chorus Hymn to Music  by Dudley Buck. Solos were rendered and well received by the  large audience ; present by Mr.  Macgregor, Mrs. MacDuffie, Mr.  L. McPherson, Mr. R. Sparling  and Madame Yulisse. Readings  were given by Miss Nina Porter  in a very creditable manner, and  violin selections by Miss Burton  were excellently rendered and appreciated. Miss Hartwell acted  quite efficiently as accompanist.  PH. GOW, Manager  .Pro-gram for Week Commencing April 19th.  Monday and Tuesday��������� "X  "Sixty Years a Queen"; the life story of Britain's lamented Queen Victoria; 6 parts,, 289  scenes. First show for the children at 5.15 p.  m., daily, 6.45; 8.15; 9.45.  Wednesday-  Billy Ritchie in a bathtub mystery; "Hearts  and Flames."  Thursday-  Francis Ford and Grace Cunard, in "The Hidden City"; Universal  Weekly;  Drawing  for  prizes at 8.30 p.m.  Friday and Saturday-r-  13th Episode of "the Master Key."  Coming  | THE BLACK BOX |  | IN MEMORIAM \  X    Richard Ross Caspell  Richard Ross Caspell, the second son of Mr. E. Caspell, of  Mount Pleasant, principal of the  Simon Fraser school* died at.the  General Hospital on Monday  morning after an illness of two  months. The young man . was  taken ill with pneumonia some  time ago, and his condition was  quite serious for a time, but* after careful attention at the hos*  uital it was believed that he was  on a fair way to recovery, and jt  was the intention of his parents  that he should have returned  home this week. On Sunday  evening, however, alarming symptoms developed, and the young  man's strength was not sufficient  to enable him to rally, and he  passed -away as ^bove stated.  "Dick" Caspell was well  known among the young people  of this community. He was a  genial, whole-hearted lad, brim  full of life and fun. and his disposition endeared him to all who  knew him. Among the boys of  King Edward high school he was  a great favorite, and will be  much missed by them. He was  one of the first athletes of the  Comet Club of Mount Pleasant  Presbyterian church and was always keen on things which interest that club. Deceased was  17^years-of age*- ���������   -,X��������� ^__.  STORE  The Popular Shoppi  Centre of Mt. Pleasanl  Death under all circumstances  is a- severe trial, but especially  when a young life is called away,  and the deepest sympathy of this  community goes out to the parents and brother and sisters at  this time. The funeral took place  from the family residence; 844  14th avenue west, on Wednesday  afternoon and was,very largely  attended. Rev. J. S. Henderson,  interim moderator of Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church, officiated at the house and at the grave,  assisted by Revs. Dr. Pidgeon  and Dr. Sipprell.  New fountain and tasty drinks  at Prochnau & Gates' New store,  Lee building.  SUBSCRIPTION  m Next Week Any Day Ya\  Can 0������t the Popular  Pictorial Review  Magazine  4 Months for 25i  Tlie regular price $1.25 a yeaxl  Special Sale of Ladies! Waists  ^values to   $4.00,   on   sale   a]  each   ....... X...........$XS)������  Four bargains in fine Embroidei  Vies. Come in and see them.  New  Cinderella Ginghams,  fas!  r^colors; justahe,4hing4or Chiq  dfren's    and    Ladies'    Was^  /Dresses.  Women's Roots, in lace or but J  ton patent, Swede, Gunmetal oi  Kid. Reg. $5.00 and $5.50]  now only, per pair ..... .$  New- Curtain Scrims and Voiles  hemstitched, fancy border. Th*!  very latest for your windows]!  Price,  .25c up to 50cl  BINGHAM';  Corner 8th aad Mail  GRAND OPENING SATURDAY, APRIL 17TH  Of Mount Peasant's CLASSIEST aad ONLY  ICE CREAM PARLOR  FREE!  FREE!  BOXES FOR LADIES  25 Elegant Prizes  Opening Day  The  latest  Sparkling  Delicious  Drinks  always.   *���������  Ladies Especially Invited.  THAT MEW STORE  First Store West of our present location op Broadway near  Main, Lee Building. /  Phone: Fair. 817  ..-���������: -.'-'-. y~ ���������.  KEELER'S NURSERY  15th and Main Street  For Easter Plants and Cut Flowers, all in first  class   shape.


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