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The Western Call 1915-04-23

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 fir        ��������� '&<&>    '  -.    c  Published in the interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  ^  Volume VI.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,     FRIDAY,  APRIL  23,   1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No: 50.  HAVE BEEN DECEIVED  IHE Paris Matin reproduces the following article from the Berlin Tag, a Conservative  newspaper, according to the Eclairuer de  [Nice, of March 29,  ''We have been deceived in all our calculations. We expected that the whole of India  Iwould revolt at the first sound of. the guns in  [Europe, but, lo! thousands and tens of thousands  [of Indians are now fighting with the English  [against us.  'We expected that the British Empire would  [crumble to pieces, but the British colonies have  'united,, as they have never done before, with  [the mother country.  "We expected a glorious revolt in British  [South Africa, and we see there only a fiasco.  'We expected disturbances in Ireland, and  Ireland sends against us some of her best contingents. ' 4  "We thought the peace party all powerful  i in England,  but it has disappeared amid the  i general enthusiasm thatjthe war against Germany  has aroused.  "We reckoned that England was degenerate  and incapable of being a serious factor in the  war, and she shows herself, to be our most dangerous enemy.  ''It was the  same  thing'..with  France  and  j Russia.   We thought that France was corrupt,  (jand that she had Tost the sense of national solidarity, but we now learn that the French are  | formidable - adversaries. -  "We thought that Russia could do nothing,  I we believed that her people were too prof oundly  [discontented to fight in fervor of the Russian  government; we counted on its rapid collapse as  a great military power, but Russia has mobilized her millions of men very rapidly and very  well. Her people are full of enthusiasm, and  her fofce is crushing.-  "Those who have led us into all these faults,  all these calculations, all. these mistakes about  our neighbors and their affairs, have assumed a  heavy burden of responsibility. .  ENCROACHING UPON  PRIVATEOWNERSHIP  WE call attention to the fact that apparently  without intent there has been a steady  and, we think, unwarranted encroachment upon the title of owners to property, during  the last few years in this province.  XThe drift has been far more rapid than has  been understood by the investors in lands.  For-instance.   The right to sell the whole or  any part of the land owned has been infringed  ��������� -upon. ... V, . X  As to subdivision for instance..  The municipal council has been made the arbiter of. the way land shall be subdivided.  Take full notice of what is said in this regard.  If a person have a call for one single piece  -pf-land which .cuts into_a larger.block of__land^  the registrar claims and exercises the right to  demand a subdivision plan covering the whole.  But in order to meet the demand the owner is  then compelled to take that plan to the municipal council for approval, and, without that  approval the plan cannot be registered. , Now  th^Xouncil often takes the whim that it wiU  not allow the land to be divided in that way  and so the land is blocked, the sale is blocked  and as far as administering his own property  is concerned, the owner finds, that he is at a  standstill. ._���������  Of course some of the registrars are reasonable. But it is well known that some of them  are' the' very reverse, and that there are simple  registrations which should have been made long  ago which have been held up for years, because Xhe things demanded by the ^etiuncil or  the registrar cannot be legally complied with.  Again, there have been errors or favors  granted to adjoining owners and their plans  have been put through without the usual roads.  In some cases the municipality has used or attempted to use, its power of blocking the registering of the plan unless the owner would consent to give double allowance of road to remedy  the mistake or favor granted to his neighbor,  and this without remuneration.  Now, there were reasons for giving the municipalities the right to pass upon plans, but it  was not expected that these powers would be  used in. such an arbitrary manner as they have  been.  ;   In fact, the powers they claim and exercise  go much farther than the government ever intended.   There must be a remedy of these matters if the owner of lands is to have the enjoy-  'Vment  of  them.  Again,' there is a hardship in the fact that  plans of subdivision, have to be prepared, the  survey has to be completed, and the plan signed  by the surveyor before it can be officially recognized by the council. Then/ if the council  refuses to accept the plan all that work has been  in vain and the expense wasted. Or if changes  have to be. made the surveyor is bound to return to the ground and stake personally -the  changes, at additional expense.  The obvious' thing would be for the council  first to approve of the proposed plan before the  expense  of  survey,  or  to  state  what  changes  TAX SALES  A Striking illustration of the evils of the present tax sale system was presented in Mr.  Weatherly's letter in last issue. There are many who can duplicate the experience.  . That the municipality should sell the whole of property which cost $6,800 in order  to collect $153 is outrageous.    X  No excuse can be offered which would justify such a course, and that the title of all  that land should be taken on such a flimsy excuse,f no matter how legal the proceedure, is  in equity simply robbing the owner of his rights.  No such drastic method is necessary. Nothing in equity can justify the proceedure.  Nothing but incompetence would bring about such  a  condition  of  affairs.  It seems that there has been altogether too much power given into the hands of a body  of men, namely the municipal council, who do not at all realize the serious nature of their  poweri vj ,������������������'���������'' ���������'..  No land should be offered for sale until it.has been subjected to a tribunal qualified  to guard the vested interests in the land from such grotesque proceedings.  The pages of the Call are open for the publishing of facts in regard to the matter.  In the meantime we invite property owners to organize to present this and other matters dealing with the land question to the government.  We are assured that when the matter is .so presented it will receive prompt attention  and remedy. ��������� i ; ���������������������������XXX    -\     ;" X ���������'���������  If there is no other way this paper will beiglad to receive applications for membership in such an organization, and when a sufficient number has been received, will issue a  call through these pages for a meeting to organize such an association.  rx  FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WORK AT VANCOUVER  The grant is as follows:  Completing of wharf  $900,000.00  Completing of Elevator ���������  700,000.00  Dredging False Creek  459,000.00  Dredging First Narrows   ...... 300,000.00  . Dredging North Arm Fraser ... 300,000.00  Completing Postal Station " C ".. 60,000.00,.  Completing Immigration Bldg... 150,000.00  $2,860,000.00  Further grants expected to be spent this year-..  Postal Station "D"     35.000.00  ^   Pjostal Station "E"   225,000.00  Drill Hall 350,000.00  .      Total  .-... .S.  .$3,470,000.00  I    - - ,' >  Taken with the record, of the, past" years, it  would seem that the member for ...Vancouver has  been able fully to hold liis own amid-the terrific pressure which has been"applied"to the gov-'  ���������eminent for grants for all manner of public  works this year.  At the same time we cannot but congratulate  the government on the fact that amid the unusual and crushing responsibilities which have  fallen upon a government for the first tiine at  war, it is not in the least relaxing, but rather  increasing its efforts to meet the domestic situation, and by its own confidence in the country  and its future showing the way for that private  confidence which is so greatly needed.  Also, we congratulate the government that  the work being undertaken is of a profitable  character. The public wharf will immediately  begin to repay the money spent in it by lowering the wharf rates which have been well nigh  prohibitive and in actual returns of revenue.  The elevator bids fair to' be the most profitableXmterpriseV for^the^city; the province, ^nd"  the country at large which has ever been undertaken here by either public or private concern.  The iinmigation buildings and the post offices  are absolutely needed and profitable investments.  AH these things are following out the lines  advocated by the Call, namely, the undertaking  and pushing of such profitable public works as  the country requires.  8. JI. STEVENS, M. P.  THESE are war times, and the government is  . being called upon to undertake abnormal.  'expenditure. Any grants which are made  at this time can be received as double the ordinary grant in the ordinary year. That is to  say, a grant of three millions this year would be  as hard to obtain, and would cause as much consideration to the government as a grant of six  million would in normal times. .  There was not much hope held-out for a large  grant this- yearr.especially-4n-view-of-the. larger  sums  lately expended in the city.  AH the greater is our ^pleasure at the report  brought back by Mr. Stevens in regard to this  matter. The grant this year, \vhich is settled, is  in the neighborhood of threeNmillion of dollars,  and with the amount hoped for, the amount to  be expended in this constituency this year will  approach nearly three and a half millions.  would be required and then the ground could be  surveyed according to the^. views of the council.  In cases where the survey would mean a large  outlay the proposed plan has been laid before  been favorable. Armed with this the owner has  the council and the expression of opinion has  gone^ forward with the survey, only to have it  turned down flat after the survey had been done  at a cost of several hundred dollars.  Again, the act requires that land shall be surveyed and. the plan then submitted to the council and upon being approved shall then be regis  tered within a limited number of days from the  date of the signature of the plan by the surveyor.  But the act does not limit the time the council may hold up the plan. Again and again  the council have held up a plan for more than  the number of days allowed for the registry  of the same after the signing of it by the surveyor. This invalidates the plan, and unless the  surveyor is generous enough to re-date it, all the  expense of a survey has to be undergone -again.  At all events there is added delay and cost.  Still further, after the council has approved  a plan and it is presented for registration, it  has to run the gauntlet^ of an engineer in the  land office, -and if the plan does not suit his  ideas, although he has no knowledge of the land,  the registration is refused.  If the engineer in the. land titles office  were there to 'see that the boundaries do i not  overlap well. But that he should pass on the  interior part of the plan, which has already  been passed by the council, seems absurd.  All  these   things   and   many   others   go   to  show that the right of ownership  of- the land  is passing from the individual very rapidly, and  it is  time  the  owners  awoke  to  the  need  of  ��������� protecting their property rights.  THE WAR^SPROGRESS  STILL the conflict rolls along its bloody  course. The outstanding feature of the  matter now appears to be the patience of  the allies. Russia is undergoing an awful hammering. She has done the apparently impossible  in scaling the Carpathian mountains in midwinter in the face of natural obstacles, in the  face of artificial defences, and in the face of the  combined strength of Austria and Germany. But  the cost has been fearful. Now she begins to  debouch upon the plain. As always, this will  be a moment fraught with danger. Her long  line of communication passing through the mountains will have to take the place of the direct  backing her army receives at all points on the  other side of the mountains.  - Part of. her offensive forces will have per  force to lie exposed outside the mountains, while  other forces are slowly making their, way  through their passes.  If the Austro-Germans can bring their full  strength to bear upon the exposed part before  the rest can debouch on to the plain to their  help there would be grave danger.  But the Russian leader seems to know his  business, and will, hug the protection of the  mountains.-^. It would seem that if he continues  to do this until the floods of the west and of  the north subside and the land becomes dry  enough for cavalry and artillery, then it is certain that Germany will be forced to recall her  troops from this front to defend the other  fronts. After that the position of the Russian  forces now invading Hungary will be good. In  the west and in the north the floods of the  spring are taking the place of armies of defence,  both for Germany and her allies. Because of  this Germany has been able to spare men for the  Carpathian front. But this will not long continue.  ALIEN UNEMPLOYED  MR. Stevens has been active in regard to the  v  alien unemployed. s  A conference between Mr. Bowser and Mr.  Stevens has brought out the fact that this is  not the only point affected by the unemployed  question. At Fort George alone there are being '  fed at the provincial government's expense about  two hundred alien enemies besides two hundred  Russians; X  In Vancouver there are being fed two hundred alien enemies and about fifteen hundred  other non-residents.  The conference between Mr. Borden and Mr.  Stevens at Ottawa has apparently not yet borne  fruit because the military authorities claim both  interment camps are full, and they have, therefore, made no attempt to carry out Mr. Borden's  instructions.  Mr.. Stevens has wired Mr. Borden urging *  first, the formation\pi a new interment camp to  take care of alien enemies, secondly, that the Russians be deported under arrangements with the  , Russian consul-general, and that the deportation  of all other foreigners should be proceeded with  under the law. Also that a large number of  expert mechanics ready to proceed to the old  country if assisted and who are willing to repay J  their passage money from wages to" be earned  in England should be assisted to do so.  Mr. Stevens has also wired the Hon. Robt.  Rogers, regarding the matter of the unemployment, and has urged in the strongest terms the  immediate calling for tenders for the post offices  and the drill hall, which will assist materially in  furnishing employment.      v ' (  We trust that all these jnatters will have  prompt attention and action.  THE CHURCH  AND THE WAR  WHAT is -the message of the pulpit to the  people  regarding  the  war?   That  the  war has had a cause is certain.  That God is trying to teach a needed message  is also certain.   Now if the pulpit be the inter-  ���������PX?J*?r of the Divine mind, it is time that the  message"should be heard clearly.'      >-'---   - - -   *  Last week we pointed out that the church  is failing as the leader of the devotions of the  people, having special reference to the tremendous conflict of the battle fields and to the tremendous upheaval in political and social matters  which is accompanying it.  X This charge the pulpit will have to submit  to we fear, for the charge is true.'  As to the message. What are the facts and  to what end does this conflict tend? Is there  any guide ' in the predictive message of the  word of God to direct our thoughts, or must the  world await the event with nothing but their  own patriotism to give assurance of the event?  What are the causes. Are there outstanding  causes which have brought and still continue to  bring such awful calamities to men?  We think there are causes, and ,;that they  -are -plainly- indicated:--^--^ - ^^-V^-^.^--      1. National pride on the part of Germany  first, and of others. "Germany Uber Alles"  explains much.  2. The pagan philosophy which has so fully  taken the place of the simple story of the Gospel.  3. The great sin of the nations, above any  that modern society has developed, namely race  suicide.  It is horrible to think that the motherhood of  the nations has been blighted, and that there s*-  has been developed a womanhood which has  been the cause of. the murder of their own offspring at the fountain head of life. Bridge  whist and society have been more important than  the functions of motherhood, and here has been  the result. More horrible than the conflict of  the men in the trenches has been the slaughter  of the innocents  in  the homes.  Lesser, but still fearful, has been the old time  social evil rampant in many of the lands now  being ravaged.  God .is trying to lead the nations to repentance. God is desiring to hear the voices of sinners enquiring the way of life. God has desired  to bring the nations to their knees in prayer  for pardon and' salvation.  Where are the leaders of the people in these  lines?  That the people have wanted such leading and  have been ready to follow, the men on the  street and in the shops know.  What is -the result to be? An. opportunity  lost? A Gethsemane������suffered in vain?  Only the conversion of the pulpit to the old  time evangel can meet the need.  In the meantime it looks as though Germany  had given up that part of her scheme which  looks to further progress in Belgium and France.  No abiding outline is possible for the German  military staff, as they appear to frequently  change their minds.  But we may expect this, that on one plea or  another Germany will find an excuse to retreat  from Belgium. Their position there reminds  one of. the plight of the farmer who set a trap  for a badger and caught a panther. The beast  was full of fight and the only way the farmer  eo\ild keep out of the way of its claws was to  take it by the tail and hold it against the pull  of the trap, thus spreadeagling the powerful beast.  In the meantime he roared lustily for help. THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, April 23, 1915.  " Pride of the West"  BRAND  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  v: ���������������������������"::   'By\-r'\-//-:r: ��������� j  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  Hie Pioneer Meat Market  Cow Broadway and  Proprietor, Prank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats       x  go to this Old Reliable Market       X  It Is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away  LIFE IN A GERMAN SUBMARINE  Phone: Fairmont 257  CANCELATION  OF  RESERVE  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that  the reserve covering certain lands in  the vicinity of Lund and other points  on  the Straits of Georgia, by reason  of a notice published in' the  British  Columbia Gazette on the 27th of December,  1907, is cancelled  in  so  far  as it relates to Lots 4174, 4175, 4176,  4178. 4179, 4180, 4181, 4182, 4184, 4186,  4187, 4188, 4189, 4190/ 4191, 4199, 4193,  4194, 4195, 4196, 4197, 4198, 4209, 4210,  4317, 4318, 4319, 4320, 4321, 4322, 4323,  4324, 4325, 4326, 4327, 4328, 4329 and  4330, New Westmipster District.   The  said Lots will be open to en*ry by preemption on' Tuesday, the 18th day of  Kay, 191^, at nine o'clock in the forenoon.   No Pre-emption Reeord will be  issued to include more-than  one surveyed Lot, and all applications' must  be made at the office of the Government Agent at Vancouver.  ,        R.  A. RENWICK,  Deputy Minister of Lands.  Department  of Lands,  Victoria, B. C,  March llth, 1915.  GREAT NORTHERN  COMMENCES WORK  The   Great   Northern Railway  company, in an endeavor to fulfil its pledges to the civic bridges  and railways  committee, has at  last made a start in connection  with the. establishment of its ter-  minal and depot at False Creek  Several teams and a large gang  of men are now at work grading  and filling in on the site of the  proposed new depot.   Meanwhile  the company is hoping to secure  the sanction of the city council  to an extension of time in which  to complete, the whole work. The  ccmmittee is not favorably impressed in  regard  to  extension  of time, as it is felt that the railway  company  has  transgressed  quite enough in this direction already.  (New York Evening Post)  The following article was written by a German officer to popularize the submarine in Germany  in view of the "blockade" of  Great Britain. It has appeared  in several German newspapers:  " 'U-27 will take in provisions  and clear for sea. Extreme economical radius."  A first lieutenant, with acting  rank of commander, takes the order in the gray dawn of a February day. The hulk of an old  corvette with the Iron Cross of  1870 on her stubby foremast is  his quarters in port, and on the  corvette's deck he is presently saluted by his first engineer and  the officer on the watch. On the  pier the crew of "U-47" await  him. At their feet the narrow  grey submarine lies alongside,  straining a little at her cables]  "Well, we've our orders at  last," begins the commander, addressing his crew of thirty, and  the crew grin. For this is "U-  47V' first experience of active  service. She has done nothing  save trial trips hitherto, and has  just been overhauled for her first  fighting cruise. Her commander  snaps out a number of orders.  Provisions are to be taken in  "up to the neck," fresh water  is to be put aboard, and engine-  l'oom supplies to be supplemented.  A mere plank is the gangway  to the little vessel. As the commander, followed by his officers,  comes aboard, a sailor hands to  each a ball of cotton waste, the  sign and symbol of a submarine  officer, which never leaves his  hand. For the steel, walls of  his craft, the door, and the companion-ladder all sweat oil, and  at every touch the hands must  be wiped dry. The doorways are  narrow round holes. Through  one of the holes j aft the commander descends. by a breakneck iron  ladder into the black hole lit by  electric glowlamps; The air is  heavy with the smell of oil, and  to the unaccustomed longshoreman it is almost choking, though  the hatches are off; The submarine man breathes this air  as if. it were the purest ozone.  Here in the engine-room aft men  must live and strain every nerve  even if for days1 at a time every  crack whereby the fresh'air could  get in is hermetically sealed. On  their tense watchfulness  lives depend.  ..������������������ The Cruise Begins  At daybreak the Commander  comes oh' deck in coat and trousers of black leather lined with  wool, a protection against oil.  cold, and sea water. The crew  at their stations await the command to cast off. "Machines  clear," calls a voice from the  control-station, and "Clear ship"  snaps the order from the bridge.  Then "Cast-off!" The cables slap  on to the landing-stage, the engines begin to purr, and "U-  47" slides away into open Water.  A few cable-lengths away another sub-marine appears homeward bound. She is the "U-20"  returning from a long cruise in  which she succeeded in sinking a  ship bound with a cargo of frozen mutton for England. "Good  luck, old sheep-butcher," sings  the commander of "U-47" as the  sister-ship passes within ,hail.  The seas are heavier now, and  the "U-47" rolls unpleasantly as  she makes the lightship and answers the. last salute from a  friendly hand. The two officers  \on the bridge turn once to look  at the lightship already astern,  then their eyes look seaward.  It  is  rough,  stormy  weather.  If the egg-shell goes ahead two  three  days   without  a   stop,  SACRIFICE AND SERVICE  CANCELLATION  OF  RESERVE  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that  the reserve covering certain lands in  the vicinity of Trail Bay, Sechelt, by  reason of a notice published in the  British Columbia Gazette on the 27th  of December, 1907, is cancelled in so  far as it relates to Lots 4292, 4293,  4394, 4296, 4297, 4298, 4299, 4300, 4301,  4304, 4305, 4306, 4307, 4308, 4309, 4310,  4311, 4312, 4313, and 4314, New Westminster District. The said Lots will  be open to entry by pre-emption on  Tuesday, the 18th day of May, 1915,  at nine o'clock in the forenoon. No  Pre-emption Record will be issued to  include more than one surveyed Lot,  and all applications must be made at  the office of tho Government Agent at  Vancouver.  R. A. RENWICK,  Deputy Minister of Lands.  Department  of Lands,  Victoria,  B. C,  March llth, 1915. 45, 4T  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE  &   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle.. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British  Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  -WAR WARBLINGS OF  A BRITISH TAR"  Our readers will be interested  to learn -that the many bright  and topical verses which have  appeared from time to time in  The "Western Call will shortly appear in book form under the title  of "War Warblings of a British  Tar." Mr. W. A. Ellis, late R.  N., the author, has given us pleasing lines xmder the different subjects, and no doubt the limited  edition will be eagerly sought  after. Special copies will be on  sale at The Western Call office,  at 25 cents.  CITY EWiOTRJCUN  G.WEN AUJHORJTY  As an outcome of the recent investigation into the working of  the - city - electricalXdepartment,  the sub-committee appointed to  consider the evidence adduced  made the following recommends  tion at a specially called meeting  on Monday evening:  1. That absolute authority be  placed in the hands of. the head  of the city electrical department,  regarding all matters pertaining  to the, engagement and dismissal  of employees of the department  and the carrying out of the work  of the department.  2. That when the city electrician is confronted with any problem relating to his department  which he considers is of a serious nature, he .must consult with  the fire and police committee before arriving at any definite conclusion regarding same.  3. That the City Electrician be  required at all times to support  all reports and findings of the inspectors of his department, with  regard to infringements of the  city by-laws, unless it is clearly  demonstrated that the inspector  has misinterpreted the by-law.  4. That the city electrician in  the promotion or dismissal of employees of. the electrical department, shall recognize efficiency  first at all times, and that seniority of employment in the service of the city, all other things  being equal, be given preference.  Tlie new map of Greenland,  marking the results of. recent discoveries, shows a country 150,-  000 square miles larger than it  was formerly thought to be.  . When France completes the  warships she now has under construction she will take the third  place in naval power and reduce  the United .States bo fourth place.  Engines and Armament  Here, too, are slung some hammocks, and in them one watch  tries, and, what is more, succeeds  in sleeping though the men ! mov  ing about buhip them with head  and elbow at every turn, and the  low and narrow vault is fill of  the hum and purr of machinery.  In length the vault is about ten  feet, but if a man of normal stature stands in the middle: and  raises his arms tpj^about^Vhalf  ihoulder, height his hands! will  touch the cold moist steel walls  on either side. A network of  wires runs overhead, and there is  a juggler's outfit of handles, levers, and instruments. The commander inspects everthing J minutely, then creeps through a hole  into the central station, where  the chief, engineer is at his post,  with just about enough assistance to run a fairly simple machine ashore the chief engineer  is expected to control, correct,  and, if necessary, repair at sea  an infinitely complex machinery  which must not break down for  an instant if thirty men are to  return alive to the hulk.  The commander pays a visit of  inspection to the torpedo-chamber and strokes the smooth steel  of the deadly "silver fish." His  second-in-command, who is in  charge of the armament, joins him  here and receives final instructions regarding the torpedoes and  the stowing of explosives. For  the torpedo is not only an extremely complicated weapon, but  also a fine work of art, and it  demands a very thorough apprenticeship. Forward is another narrow steel vault serving at once as  engine-room and crew's quarters.  Next to it is a place like a cupboard, where the cook has just  room to stand in front of his  doll's house galley-stove. It is  electrically-heated that the already oppressive air may not be  further vitiated by smoke or  fumes. A German submarine in  any case smells perpetually of  coffee and cabbage. Two little  cabins of the size of a decent  clothes-closet take the deck and  engine-room officers, four of them.  Another box-cabin is reserved for  the commander���������when he has  time  to   occupy it.  or ......  the officers in charge will get no  sleep for just that long. If it  gets any rougher they will- be  tied to the bridge-rails to avoid  being swept overboard. If they  are hungry, plates of. soup will  be brought tothem on thebridge,  and the North Sea will attend to  its salting for them.     X  Just as the commander is trying to balance a plate with one  hand and use a spoon with the  other, the watch calls, "Smoke  oh the horizon off the port bow.''  The commander drops his^plate  shouts a short, crisp command,  and an electric alarm whirrs inside the egg-shell. The ship buzzes like a hive; Then water begins to gurgle anto the ballast-  tanks, and "U-47" sinks until  only her periscope shows.  "The steamship is a Dutchman,  sir," calls the, watch officer. The  commander inspects her with the  aid of a periscope. She; has no  wireless and is bound for the  continent. So he can come up and  is glad, because moving under  the wTater consumes electricity,  and the usefulness of a subma  rine is measured by her electric  power. J  Sinking for Sleep  After fifty-four hours of waking nerve-tension, sleep becomes  a necessity. So the ballast-tanks  are filled and the nut-shell sinks  to the sandy bottom. This is the  time for sleep aboard a subma  rine, because a sleeping man  consumes less of the precious  =oxygen,than one awake andbusy.  So a submarine man has three  principal lessons to learn ��������� to  keep every facility at tension  when he is awake, to keep stern  silence when he is ashore (there  is a warning against talkativeness in all the German railway-  carriages now) and to sleep instantly -when he gets a legitimate opportunity. His sleep and the  economy of oxygen may save the  ship. However the commander allows half, an hour's grace for music. There is a gramophone, of  course, and .the "ship's band"  performs on all manner of instru  ments. At worst, a comb with  a bit of tissue paper is pressed  into service.  If a ship is sunk, three men  only in the submarine wilbwatch  her go. A submarine man might  hitherto .serve all his time like a  blind man as far as the outside  world was concerned. Just before the war one of a submarine's  crew about to be sent ashore to  join the reserve, was asked by his  commander if there was anything  he-would specially like to celebrate his last trip.  "Yes, sir," he said, "I should  like jnst once to have a glimpse  with the periscope." The story  went the round and now, during the war. the crew are occasionally summoned, one by one,  to the periscope. When opportunity offers they are also given  a chance'to see a merchant ship  sunk. It is considered encouraging.    ������������������'        '    .   ;    V    ,  War is a time of sacrifice and  of service: Someone can render  one service,, some another; some  here, and some there. Some one  can render great assistance^ ;oth:  ers but little. There is not one  who cannot help in some measure, if it only be by enduring  cheerfully his share of, the discomfort. In the old Welsh legend  there is a story of a man who  was given a series of what- appeared to be impossible tasks to  perform ere he could reach the  desire of his heart. Among other  things he had to do was to recover every grain of seed that  had been sown in a large field  and bring it all in without one  missing. By sunset he camp to  an anthill and won all the hearts  and enlisted the sympathies of the  industrious little people. They  spread over the field, and before  sundown the seed was all in except one. And as the sun was  setting over the western skies, a  lame ant hobbled along with that  grain. Some of us have youth  and vigor and suppleness of  limb; some of us are crippled  with years of infirmities, and we  are at best little ants, but we can  all limp along with some share  of our country's burden, and  thus help her in this terrible  hour to win the desire of her  heart."���������Mr. Lloyd George.  A Cairo correspondent writes  to the Manchester Guardian that  owing to the falling of the Nile  Egypt will have to import nearly all of her rice this year. The  Nile has not been so low for nearly one hundred years, and the facilities, for water storage have  distress.  Is frcsnGbBaccaj  THE WESTERN CALL  ���������WHAT IS  flThis is a natural and legitimat  question to ask and we wan]  every citizen to ask it.  fjThe question can be as readilj  answered by every citizen as bl  ourselves, but to do this you musj  have it delivered to your homtj  each week. This can be done bj  becoming a subscriber and th.  payment of One Dollar annually  in advance.  ���������j[You will not regret making thifj  clean, * live, progressive weel  one of your home papers. Ole  and young alike may read it anc,  the children will find pleasurtl  and profit in its contents.  flWrite or phone John T. Stevens]  Mgr.   Circulation  Dept.  A model mine will be construct^  ed beneath the mining and. me^  tallurgy building at the Panama j  Pacific Exposition. Visitors will  be given portable lamps and wil^  then be lowered into the mine ii  a cage. ~  One-ninth of all the land oi  the globe is in Siberia.  Rennie's Seeds and All Kinds of Seed Potatoes  Delta  and Feed Store  1547 Main Street  Our Specialty  Potatoes and All Kinds of Vegetables  .Free City  Delivery    ,  ���������Phone: Fairmont 2144. Vancouver, BO.  The Cost of Operating Electric Household  Appliances is Merely Nominal  The following table of hourly costs has been prepared  with appliances such as we handle used for the test:  Coffee   Percolator Electric Iron Electric Toaster  31/2 Cents per How *|ecwc *ro" 5 Cents per .Hour  Electric  Grill 4 to 5 ccntf jsj^c Washer  4 to 5V_ cts. per br.      jw hour. 3 Cents per Hour  N. ������.���������The appliances are generally used, but a fraction  of an hour for cooking. Tne total cost for Iron and Washer  depends upon Jbejaw^nlLPljwo^  The  appliances  will  be  demonstrated, for you  at  our  salesrooms.  R.C.EI-ECTWC  Carrall & Hastings Sts.  1138 Granville St., near Davie  More than three thousand signs  are being placed along roadslead-  ing to California. These signs  will guide those who travel to  the Panama-Pacific Exposition by  automobile along a two thousand  mile   trail.  "Q. 3." Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  "Q. B." Means   Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams/  "Q. B." Means "Made in B. 0."  by White Help.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd.  JINGLE POT COAL  "Our Coal Lasts Longer"  NUT COAL is an ideal range fuel.  Our Nut has been increased in size, and is  the best.summer fuel you can buy. Try a ton. The  price is $5.50.  BRIQUETTES���������We have a few good briquettes, made from Jingle Pot Coal, which we will deliver at $5.50.    This is exceptionally good value.  WOOD  /We have some choice 16-inch Fir at $3.00 per  load.   Also Mill Wood at $2.50 per load.  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour 5408-5409 Friday, April 23, 1915.  THE WESTERN. CALL  HOUSEHOLD GOODS and OFFICE FURNITURE  OMfl  OLDEST AND LARGEST STORAGE CONCERN IN WESTERN CANADA*.  CAMPBELL STORAGE COMPANY  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE-SHIPPING  fj PHONE. SEYMOUR 7360. OFFICE 857BEATTYjT^g|  The Comfort  Baby's  Morning Dip  ������/"!OODNESS  VJ KNOWS/'  says the Comfort  Baby's Grandmother, "what  we'd do without  this Perfection  Smokeless Oil  Heater.  "If I'd only had one  when you were a  baby, you'd have been saved many a cold and  croupy spell."  For warming cold corners and isolated upstairs rodms, and  for countless special occasions when extra beat is wanted,  yon need the Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater.  PERK  SMOKELE  TION  HEATERS  The Perfection is light, portable, inexpensive  ' to bay and to use, easy to clean and to re-  ,  wick.   No kindling; no ashes.   Smokeless  and odorless.   At all hardware arid general  stores.  Look for the Triangle trademark.  Mad* i* Castas  ROYALTTE OIL b bast for all uses  THE IMPERIAL OIL CO., Limit*.  I  SERVICE ftRST  OUB  one   thought   and  purpose   on  all  appointments   is  GENTEEL SERVICE.   We leave no details for your  care.  fVUR CHAPEL and RECEPTION ROOM  V* will afford you any privacy you may  desire.  MOUNT PWASANT UNDERTAKING CO.  Phone: Fairmont 189 164 8th Ave. ������. (near Wain)  EISTEDDFOD AT  SAN FRANCISCO  GREAT ARMY  ADEQUATELY EQUIPPED  Lloyd-Oeorge Makes Statement  That Britain's Great Fighting  Force is in Good Shape.  Speaking, in the House of Commons of the Imperial parliament  this week on the manner in  which the government is dealing  with the question of war equipr  wentr the^Chanceilor^ of the VEJx^  chequer, Mr. Lloyd-Oeorge, announced that while Great Biitain  had started in the war on the  assumption that the expeditionary force would consist of six  divisions, the country now had  tyore than six times that number  ' /A France. '  These divisions, the Chancellor  of' the Exchequer said, were adequately supplied, and every man  who had been dropped was replaced. It was one of the most  magnificent pieces of organization  ever performed, and nothing like  it, he &aid, had ever been done  before by any country.  Stating that as much ammunition had been expended in the  battle of Neuve Chapelle as during tbe whole Boer war, Mr.  Lloyd-George said tbat the character of. the ammunition had to  be changed in the middle of the  war. and to secure supplies subcontracts were given to between  2500 and .3000 firms. When it  was found that they could not  keep up the supply, the government took steps to take over all  works suitable for the manufacture of munitions. ' As a result  there had" been a great increase  in the output.  If they took the figure''of 20,  the Chancellor said, as the amount  of artillery ammunition manufactured in September, in October  \ it was 90, in November the same,  but in December 156. January  186, in February 256 and in March  388.  Mr. Lloyd-George said that  Great Britain was also supplying  her allies with munitions, and  that in spite of this there still  was a large reserve.  The Chancellor adhered to his  ���������'statement'that a small minority  of     workmen     could,     through  drink, throw the whole work out  of gear. He promised that when  the government measure was introduced dealing with this matter it would be found that it had  not been approached from the  point of view by persons who  wished to express any particular  notion, but from the point of  view of persons who had one object in mind���������increasing munitions.  Xlt'V.-^M."!-^-- ^ s-ay*ni> t^JS  was Tip more "drinking than normally,: the speaker said. These  were abnormal times and they  had to take abnormal measures  with an evil which had become  abnormal.  WILI. CUiAN THE CITY  Aid. Gale, chairman of the  health committee, is authority for  the statement that a gang of  men, probably' 120 or so, would  be set to work to clean up the  city. These men were being fed  by the city, and it is felt that  by this means they will partially  pay for their keep.- X  MR. GIFFORD SELECTED  Editor Western Call:  Sir,���������A considerable time ago I  called attention to my purpose of  organizing a choir in this district  to prepare music fOr and take  part in the Eisteddfod, at San  Francisco, end of July this year.  Owing to the backward state of  business, followed and accentuated by the great war now in progress, I was regretfully led to  abandon efforts in that direction  for quite a.while. Recently,  however, some friends renewed  the idea with me as one feasible enough in spite of prevailing financial stringency, if it  could be carried out on well defined, economic lines, and certainly the pleasure of the trip  and the musical work connected  with it would be worthy of, a  more than usually strenuous effort to attain that end.  Acting upon this basis I have  already got possession of all the  copies of choral numbers required, and with a large nucleus for  the choir already organized in  the Western Triple Choir and  members of New Westminster Operatic Society %(at present giving  performances of Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" in the Opera  House, New Westminster), I am  sanguine of conjoining such a  body of singers as will be in a  position to do credit to not only  our own district but British Columbia at the Panama Exposition,  now in full swing. I have, therefore pleasure in offering invitation to singers of all the parts  from districts within convenient  distance of either Vancouver or  New Westminster to meet me for  the former at Aberdeen school,  Burrard and Smythe, at 7.30 on  Wednesday, April 28th; and for  the latter on Saturday, April  24th. at 7.30, in the hall of St.  Paul's Reformed Anglican church  at New Westminster. Of course,  only those with good voices and  fair musical experience and aptitude can be incorporated. Also,  while the individual expense will  be minimized to the utmost, only  those who are in a position to  bear this and are able to spare  the time���������about two weeks at end  of July���������may consider themselves  eligible.  For the information of all eon  cerned, I (may explain that after  most  careful enquiries and   assurances, the total cost per person need not exceed $45 tor tran  sit, lodging and feeding during  the  entire trip, all the arrange  ments being carried out by the  committee acting in the matter.  I may also add that it is expected a large number of friends  will join the party, many having  already signified their desire to  do so.  GEORGE TAGGART,  Conductor.  1511 3rd Ave. E., Vancouver.  Phone, High. 304LX  SASKATCHEWAN ���������-  HEWS ITEMS  At the New Westminster Conservative convention this week  Mr.. Thomas Gifford, the present  member, was selected as candidate for the riding in the forthcoming provincial election. Mr.  Gifford . has served fourteen  years in the provincial legislature as member from New Westminster, and this is. the sixth consecutive time that he has been  selected as Conservative standard  bearer. Two other names were  placed in nomination, Mr. W. F.  Hansford and Mr. H. L. Edmonds.  On the first ballot Mr. Gifford  secured 237. Mr. Hsmsford 183,  and Mr. Edmonds 89. Mr. Edmonds dropped out, and on the  second ballot Mr. Gifford received 265 and Mr. Hansford 237.  Thereupon Mr. Hansford moved  and Mr. Edmonds seconded that  the nomination be made unanimous.  Since the earthquake fifty thousand  new   buildings   have   been  1 erected at San Francisco.  Regina���������An indication of the  remarkable growth in Saskatchewan is given in the official  government report, which reads  as follows:- "The gradual opening up of the Great Northwest to  the cultivation of grain, especially wheat, during the last three  decades, has lead to important  changes in the provincial incidence of principal field crops. The  proportions of the total grain,  crops grown in the respective  provinces in each year of the census years 1880 to 1910 are shown  in the form of a series of five  charts. One of these relating  to wheat shows that whereas in  1880 84 p. c. of the wheat crop  was produced in Ontario, in 1890  this proportion was reduced to  one half by the development of  wheat growing in Manitoba,  where 38 p.e. of the wheat crop  was produced. The next decade  did not greatly alter these proportions, but Saskatchewan appeared with nearly 8 p.e. By  1910, however, Saskatchewan had  forged ahead, becoming the premier wheat-growing province with  over 50 per cent of ,a greatly  increased production, ��������� Manitoba  dropping to second place with  25.8 p.m. and Ontario to third  place with 15 p.e. whilst Alberta  appeared as fourth with a percentage   of.   6.9.  The Forests of British Columbia are so Extensive as to Support in perpetuity   an   Industry  Worth   $170,000,000   Annually '  MI8CELLANEOU  Many remarkable instances of  patriotic devotion in the going to  the front of a number from a  family have cropped up in tbe  present war. A notable one is  that of the family of Dev. Dr.  J. Campbell, of Erskine church,  Victoria, B. C. Dr. Campbell  has four sons, two are at the  front with the Gordon Highlanders of Canada; and he other two  ���������the eldest and youngest���������are  going with the next contingent.  Dr.  Campbell, himself is  chap  lain of the Gordons, and expects  shortly to be able to devote his  whole time to the different regiments at the "Willows Camp,"  Victoria. He is ready to go with  the , Highlanders should the  chance come.  The lavishness of the Kaiser in  the bestowal of iron crosses and  other decorations has been a subject for admiration at home and  derision in unsympathetic and  less   ornamented  nations.   Thus,  one English cartoon has shown  the interior of the Krupp workB  changed from gun-making tothe  metal emblems in enormous qnan  feverish manufacture of these  tities. The civil population of  Germany are not forgotten by the  Kaiser, and the news despatches  of a recent day informed us that  Ernst liissauer, who voiced the  German view of England in his  "Chant of Hate,'' had been approved by a decoration from the  head of the Fatherland:  AEROPLANES FOR  RUSSIAN   ARMY  Fifteen cars of aeroplanes for  use by the Russian army were  shipped from Tacoma this week  on the Japanese steamer "Haku-  shira Maru." There are about  150 aeroplanes valued at between  $3,000 and $4,000 each.  "looking at the situation In even its most favorable light, there will be a demand  ft* foo4tbat the worW wiU find great difficulty in supplying."  SON. MARTIN BVRRELL, Minister of Agriculture.  \7������GETAPLE growers can render a real service to the Empire by increasing tbe produc-  ��������� tion of vegetables, especially those that can readily be stored and transported. The war  in Europe has devastated thousands of vegetable-producing acres, and made it difficult  for JJriuiin to obtain her usual supplies. Vegetable growers are urged to select carefully  the best varieties of seed and plant in properly cultivated and fertilized soil. Work:  band in band with the agricultural specialists of both tbe Canadian Department of  Agriculture and your Provincial Department.  POTATOES There_������  . no  fann  crop the yield of which, perhaps,  can be increased so much as  potatoes. Potatoes bave been  grown in a small plot at the rate  of over 700 bushels per acre at  the Central Experimental Farm,  Ottawa. So great is the difference in the yield of varieties  that while one gave this large  yield, another, under same conditions, gave but 164 bushels.  It will thus be seen how important it is to plant a productive  variety.  BEANS  P������   [������*   that  ������������������������������������ beans have been  a good price for a number of  years, and also that they are of  very great food value, should  encourage every person who  can to grow beans. Western  market prices will not be influenced this year by foreign  beans, and for that reason we  should produce a bumper crop.  The world will need them.  To the farmer's wife, tko  Government makes a special  appeal. In many cases the vegetable garden and the poultry  are largely under her direct  management. Anything that she  can do to Increase production  .Will be to much aid given to tho  Empire.  Canadian  Department of  Agriculture,  Ottawa, Canada  POULTRY ������n4 EGGS  Up to the commencement of  the   year,   Great  Britain   im-  S>rted from Belgium, France,  ussia, Germany and Austria-  Hungary poultry to the value of  13,000,000 per year and eggs  amounting to 136,000,000 doz.  Canada in 1914 imported  f200,000 more poultry than she  exported.andimported$2,600.000  more eggs thane rported. Canada  needs 1,600,000 more hens,  averaging 100 eggs per year, to  supply the home demand before having any eggs for export.  The average egg yield per hen  in Canada is but 80 eggs per  year, which is very low. Careful selection, feeding and housing could in a few years bring  the average up to 180 eggs per  hen per year. It would be a  profitable thing to strive for.  LIVE  STOCK   Breeding  .    stock are  today Canada's most valuable  asset. The one outstanding  feature of the world's farming  is that there will soon be a  great shortage of meat supplies.  Save your breeding stock. Plan  to increase your live stock.  Europe and the United States,  as well as Canada, will pay  higher prices for beef, mutton,  and bacon in the very near  future.   Do not sacrifice now.  Remember that live stock is  the only basis for a prosperous  agriculture. You are farming,  not speculating  It has been said that European farmers farm better than  they know; Canadian and American farmers not as well as they  know.. Let us this year live up  to what we know. Let our  contribution to the "Patriotism  and Production" campaign be  bumper crops.  VACANT LOTS Th*  ���������.^������������������������������������������������������������������������  can  and this opportunity are not for  farmers only. Residents of  towns and cities can help the  Empire by growing vegetables  on small plots or raising chickens  in their back yards. City Councils, Boards of Trade, and other  organizations can help by arranging for the cultivation of vacant  lots, which will relieve the unemployment situation at the  same time. Those at home have  a duty to perform as well as  those in the firing line. From  the interest manifested by the  people in the "Patriotism and  Production" .announcements, we  feel sure every one has good  intentions. What we urge is  that these good intentions be  carried into action. Get busy.  Every extra bushel you grow  means that much more for  export.  !  +  +  No Postage Required.  Publications Branch, Canadian Department of Agriculture,  Ottawa.  Please sead me Bulletins relating to Potatoes, Field Roots, Egg Production, Live Stock and Small Plot Culture. Mark out Bulletins Fou do NOT  want.  Name.  y.v. Address.  County.  . Prov.  -+ ++++���������>  16  T  *+++++. .-. LV-uv-wuMn- ���������������. -k  TiThr'.-.srfa-:*  THE WESTERN  CALL  j./y  Friday, April 23.1915.  H. H. STEVENS, M. P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. G.  Telephone; Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada; XX  Q If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  OUR CRIMINALS  NOT all our criminals are in jail. Not all of  those   in   our  jails jire   criminals." It   is  time that the public began to investigate  this matter, for our responsibility as a public  regarding the handling of our criminals is very  -great, and it is to be feared that our culpability  in the matter could hot well be greater.  The proceedure of our criminal courts is  something as follows:X  First, Arrest���������Every citizen is subject to  arrest. Whether he is guilty of crime or is innocent has nothing to do with the matter.  It is quite sufficient that he is suspected by  some more or less wise official of having- com- _  mitted a crime..  Arrest means the lock-up until the convenience of the magistracy or of the police can give  a preliminary hearing.  It is not at this stage at all necessary that  there should be proof of crime, <ut only sufficient evidence to form the ground work of. a .  strong   suspicion.  ��������� Then comes the commitment for trial. But  the trial may be weeks or months away. Thus  the suspected man is in jail.   X /  But, our theory is that every man is innb-  * cent'until he is'proven guilty; therefore, we are  guilty of keeping an innocent man in jail.     x  ,   Then comes the triai.  After the trial cotffes the sentence in case  guilt be proven.  But the brutality of our proceedure is that  after the sentence set! by^ the courts has been v  served there is still the; sentence, life sentences  in many instances, of ostradsra from society,  commerce and industry. X ^  There is no justification in bearing the sentence of the law. >  Now, it is important to give this matter  our best thought. There is with us no justification for the sinnier.  In the Pivine handling of sinners there has  been the most careful preparation for the justification of the criminal. He who accepts the  terms of tlve Clospel has brought to Lim this  privilege. x.^ .-���������.      V X ���������  "Therefore, being justified by faith, we have  peace with God." That is the first principle of  Divine jurisprudence. ���������  'Arid the justified man is no more a sinner.  The past is ^blotted HErom-the -recordSiXs���������forr  gotten bysthe Judge, is forgiven to the sinner,  and is forgotten by the society of the Kingdom.  ��������� Now the theory arid the glory of British  justice lay in several matters;     ,  First, as we have said, Every man was considered innocent until proven guilty.  Second, when a irian had suffered his punishment he was Meld to have wiped out his crime  and reinstated himself as though he had not,  committed ont;, and if any man taunted him  with his crime after it had been atoned for by  punishment duly administered, the taunt took  the nature of slander and the slanderer might be  punished;  This is common sense and is right.  Again, the British law formerly made the  punishment suit the crime.  For disoi'derly conduct and petty offences the  public laugh was turned on the offender by his  being exposed in a ridiculous position, namely in  the stocks. -    u  For another class of offences there was the  whipping post, especially for juvenile offend-  ors. Not the brutal lashes of the modern day,  but such a stitrdy whipping as a stern master  or father would give.  These things left no brand or taint of criminal leprosy behind. Now what have we, jail  penitentiary and the life of the branded criminal.  A girl has gone astray. All that is best in  manhood or womanhood should be brought to  bear to reclaim that girl. What can the magis- ,  trate do, fine her or send her to jail. In other  words, send her to the devil, or worse, to the  brothel.  That system is more criminal than the crime.  AVe have -done somewhat better for the boy  offender, and we heartily rejoice in the fact.v  Ontario has gone far in the'way of handling  its convicted men. It has substituted the prison  farm for the prison house, and has organized  the men into an active and useful community,  Turning out tho. most of the men useful citizens  instead of branded criminals. How long till B.  ��������� C. will follow that lead?   .  Again, the law puts a barrier to the life  of the civil debts of every man. A debt that has-  lain dormant for six years cannot be revived.  This is a good law. But in criminal cases the  law chases a man to the grave. This should not  be. If a man has sinned, and the crime has  lain dormant for say ten years, there should be  no revival of it. Perhaps murder should have  twenty years to run put, but there should be an  end, especially When the offender has lived, honestly in the meantime;  Again the law, often condemns theXvrOrig  person. Having: coridemmed him the law, never-  acknowledges error, but the wrongly imprisoned man,, if found to be innocent, must beV.par-  doned. X.  ,V,Vvvv;,���������'  Again, we have an injustice in this. The  state should do right. Admit the error, declare  legally the innocence of the condemned and compensate him for the harm sustained. X  Then again, the law should forgive. We  do not by this mean that the law should remit  the sentence. This is now in some cases done.  But we mean officially forgive the offender when  circumstances warrant it. And the forgiveness  should be recorded even as a sentence is recorded, and by the forgiveness the culprit  should be so fully re-instated in all rights as  'though the offence has not been committed.  The whole matter of the criminal law should  be looked up by the citizens who are responsible  for them.  As to the third degree police methods j and  the worming of detectives into the confidence  of prisoners to obtain evidence, we are glad  that the thing is foreign to British justice, and  it is to be supposed practice also.  PROSPECTS FOR THE SUMMER  THE prospects for the summer are not very  bright, it would appear. What is lacking in the situation does not altogether  appear upon the surface. But a little searching  will reveal what is required to start the wheels  again.     " '" - . ��������������������������� ..   '....'���������  In the next place there has been little demand for materials of any kind which costs  of freight is lacking.  In the next place there has been little tie  mand for materials of. many kind which costs  money. Men were taken by surprise by the war  and have not gotten over the gasping sensation  yet. They have, been afraid'to use or to buy.  Merchants have been bewildered at the sudden  falling off of custom. Wholesalers have been  disturbed by the failure of orders for the ordinary routine trade. Manufacturers have found  their warehouses piling up so that they have  stopped manufacturing.  Now, what is the result. Never in the history of the city, or of the country, ha,s there  been a shortage of material all the way from  the consumer to, the first process manufacturer  of goods out of which the finished product has  been made.  In the ^meantime when things begin to return  to normal there is much money being stored up,  and it will be used to replace the, depleted  stocks and there must-be the greatest boom in  industry that has transpired for many years.   ,  In the meantime what is wanted is for some  organization to commence the productioriV-of  these materials which must be required before the  demand reaches us. None can so well dp this  in some lines as Kthe government cah; -';:  ',.'  This we have pointed out in another article  and in other issues. X V  .The material growing on the public domain.  The* gold which is placer washing assures at  least wages; the fish which can be cured and  sold, or at all events used to feed the hungry,  the copper deposits, and the great iron deposits  of the country. .i     X  tn usual times it is, perhaps, well to await  the action of private' enterprise, but in this  time vit is necessary to mobilize the enterprise  of the country in order to give impetus to the  wheels of trade.  The legislation so far has been towards the  restriction of labor.   Now labor has failed,.and  the   efforts   must   be   towards   organizing   the  resources of. the country to0 furnish business.  ;" XW^belieVe^that^  province meri with the ability to do this.     The  demand must come, however, from, the people.  Let^the1 government take a hand to organize a steel plant here on a scale worthy of the  resources of the province. There would be  endless demand for the product, and there would  be great profit in it. Structural steel, railroad  steel, machinery, etc., has been costing as much  to bring here as it has to manufacture the  finished product in the east. The can.ii may help  this in a measure, but still the handicap will be  great. -  Shipbuilding could be begun here with great  promise of success. We have all the materials  required in steel and timber.  The greatest thing for the country would be  the beginning of these things and the time is  opportune for the state to lead the. way.  But private enterprise should not hold back  its hand. If any man has a work in vie\^ such  as the building of a house, and has the money  for the work, it seems to be a duty to get at  it at this time. The builder would save money.  The contractor would have unusual facilities  .which would enable him to tender low. The  workmen would bless the man who carried  through the enterprise, and courage would be  given to the whole of the community.  MOBILIZING RESOURCES  WE republish below a statement of what the  government is doing regarding the finding of increased markets for the forest  materials  of ' the  province.  This is excellent as far as it goes.  We are of the opinion, however, that there  is required a more vigorous step at the present  moment. -' ,  We should like to see that there were requir- ���������  ed by the government a large number of men  to get out shingle bolts or logs for instance, in  the government timber reserve.  Especially so as there have beeri reports of  thills having to shut down because of lack of  shingle material in the market, the same havL  ing been allowed to  be shipped south in bulk.  Now. if the latter is true, and if private  enterprise is so hampered by the conditions  obtaining there is the best of opportunity for the  government to; provide labor and needed product  of labor in our own market to-'day.  Moreover,, there -.'are hungry families in this  city who are notion the relief list, arid will not  be unless outsiders discover the need which they  will not reveal. Now, there is at our doors a  harvest of the 'oestV food, namely the fish and  other   products   of   the  waters.  We have again and again called attention  to.the fact 'that instead of these supplies being  open for the gleaning, there is the double license to be obtained. For the present these  licenses should be withdrawn or given free to the  citizens bf the province; and every boy should  be encouraged and every man impelled to get  this needed supply for his family direct from  the sea.  But more than this!. Our population are riot  a fisher'population and require direction.  Therefore, let the government for the time being  arange to catch and cure the fish. Lay up  large stores of the same for the need of the  people, and at the same time prepare the supply for the market so that the cost may be  returned.  Private enterprise is not concerned as the  government should be concerned with the welfare, of the community. Their catch will be  shipped abroad. Their employees will be largely foreign. The people of. this province will not  benefit. In fact if they buy the product of  their own canneries sustained by the grants of  their own governments, they will have to buy  it from abroad and pay all the middleman's  profits over and over besides the cost of sending it out the dear knows where and bringing it  back again. '  This is poor administration. Ithas beeri the  policy of the government in the hands of all the  parties, and it is a stupid betrayal of the  people's trust, and we hope the present administration will awake to the matter and see that  the first claim of the fisheries of B. C. is the  claim of the people themselves. After that the  market  beyond.  No cannery should have a license granted to  it which did not reserve the right tp sell to the  home market for home consumption.  But it will be said this has all been said  before in the Call. True, but saying any matter  once is of little use in any paper. It is the  constant hammering which counts. We are after results.  ���������'���������.- \   *.*���������������������������.   ���������  Oysters  A private enterprise has shown what can be  done with the raising of oysters here. The fisheries department knows all about the matter. We  urge that this industry be established on a  large scale by ,the gpvernment now.  with the greajt crab fishery in Boundary bay. At  Long experience has shown what can be done  Point Roberts a cannery has been long run putting up immense quantities. The Canadian side  is just as good fishing ground. Start right in  and there is profit in sight.  In many ways labor can be employed andv  profit made.   But the private man cannot get  the means to do this.  We may have two or three years of these  financial doldrums, therefore, the need for the  province' to act as a body and use its collective credit to weather the crisis.  YWheri the crisis is passed there ..will- be going industries which can readily be disposed of.  Perhaps the men and women who could have  ' been_trained in the various works in the meantime would be in a position to carry on the  business, collectively arid to foiiy it out of the  government's hands by that time.  But to have people hungiy with plenty at the  door seems poor management.     ;. .  IMPORTANT  X  MASS MEETING  Under the Auspices of ���������  Laymen's Missicmafy  Movement"  in  ST. ANDREW'S CHURCH  GEORGIA & SEYMOUR  ON SUNDAY. APRIL 25th, 1915 at 4 p. m.  CHAIRMAN:  Rev. Principal W. H. Vance  SPEAKER:  Rev. Dr. 0. R. Avison  Physician to Korean Royal Family  Also the following will take part in the  Programme.  Rev. John Mackay, D.D.,  Rev. J. W. Sipprell, D.D.,  Rev. E. Leslie Pidgeon,  Rev. J. K. Unsworth,  Rev. B. A. Sand,  E. W; Leeson, Esq.,''  Chairman  of  ihe Committee.  ALL INVITED  Hon. W. R. Ross, minister of lands, who,  during the past three years has organized a business administration and protection of the forests  of this province is now undertaking the systematic development of wider markets for British  Columbia forest products.  The importance of this -work to the province can not be over estimated. The annual  value of the forest products of British'Columbia  in 1913 was nearlyt $34,000,000. The forests  pf the province are so extensive as to support  in perpetuity five times as great an industry, or  one worth $170,000,000. This sum of money,  practically-all of which would be^distributed, in  the province for labor, supplies and transportation would ensure continued prosperity to all  classes, benefitting the farmer -with the trades-  man and mechanic.       '  The markets of British Columbia lumber and-  other forest products must be found outside  British Columbia. Mr. Ross, has, therefore, as  has already been announced, been active in  securing the appointment of the chief, forester  of the province, as a special commissioner of the  Dominion government to investigate the possibility'of shipping Canadian lumber to; all the  important foreign lumber markets of X the  world. He will yisit in particular the United  Kingdom, France,. Italy, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Indiaj Chiria and Japan. The  information gained from this investigation will  form the basis of the steps to be taken by Mr.,  Ross in making it easier for British Columbia':  manufacturers to export to foreign markets.  The minister has also ufider consideration  plans for co-operating with the timber indus-v  tries of the province in creating a greater demand  for provincial lumber products in the Canadian  prairie and Eastern Canada. The problem of increasing the British Columbia export trade in  forest produccts is one which means millions of  dollars to the people of the province, and for  this reason it is receiving careful consideration  at the hands of the government.  Every man in the Community should remember  that spending his money in the district where he  does business is just that much more that he has  a chance of getting back through the channels of  his own business.  Do you ever remember of making a sale to  that Printer "Back East" to whom you senjt your  last order for PRINTING ? Think it over, and  remember. The Terminal City Press Ltd. has  employees, spending their nioney right in your  store every day.  Terminal  City Press Ltd.  203-7 King&way  y  Phone: Fair. 1140 Friday, April 23, 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  / ���������'  THE RULE OF THE SEAS  "The aim of Germany is to have the seas, as  well as the narrows, kept permanently open  for the free use of all nations in time of. war  'as well as in time of peace-"���������Dr. Dernberg,  Portland, Maine, April 17, 1015.  x; -'    ���������''���������"���������'.���������:;..    - I-  'It me right on the eyebrows, ''Billy,"  Or else I shall 'ave a fit,  I've been laughin'^fur.over an 'our, v  An' don't feel no better a bit; '  Or shuve me right under the hose pipe  With a full force of salt a^Ua ad-  'Ave yer read Dernberg's yarn to the Yankees?  When ye' do it will send ye' mad.   ~  n. '  'E wants the free use of the oceans,  An' the narrers as well, don't yer see,  Why, of course 'e can 'ave Portmouth dockyard,  An' go up the Thames fur a spree.  Perhaps 'e would like to 'ave Sheerness,  An' Chatham, an' Plymouth as well,  But not till the last bally sailor    ���������,  'As gone to 'is makers' hotel. *>  III-  If they want the free use of the ocean  Belgium wants the free use of 'er land.  If she wants the free use of. the narrers,  Why she mined 'em I can't understand1.  Let the cowardly curs that are hidin'  Pay the price that we've paid fur the seas,  Let them come out an' fight���������if they win it,  It is theirs���������they can do as they please.  IV.  They 'ad the free use of the ocean,  But they wanted to rule it as well,  "I am the Atlantic's 'igh Admiral,"  Said the Kaiser, when 'is 'ead came ter swell,  Go ahead my dear Kaiser an' dream it,  But the cross,of St- George rules the seas. '  They were won by the blood of our fathers.  Whose sons hold the title with ease. X '  There once was a time When we classed' you,  An' treated you men to men,  But now we despise you as cowards,  Not fit for the sailor-to ken.'  So dear Doctor  Bernard  Dernburg  Just '' take the straight Griffin'' from me, \  You can 'ave what you win of the ocean  When you fight for, and /win''it, like we.  X\    _w. A. ELLIS.  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste/  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  HEATING e^ono^���������?������iclen^  Our Business lus teen built tip bv merit alone  l-EfeK * CO.  X Heating Engineers.        v  109* Homer St. Sey. 661  5  A Special Commissioner Has Recently Been Appointed toy the. Dominion Government to investigate Wider Markets for British  X Columbia Forest  Products  CANADIAN WEAPON  FOUND UP TO THE MARK  \  '.'."';.       x~         .   ���������/    ���������'������������������' v ���������'���������;������������������ x -   " %  ���������           -.              -   ..���������������������������-���������''  si  ' Ttie kk  Telephone  /  The Advance Agent of  COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE  Forms a closer union of Home,  0  Business and Friends.  ���������  M For a limited time, Business or  Residence Telephones will be in  stalled   upon,  payment   of   $5.00  Rental in advance.  fl For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department?  B. C TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  The following memorandum  has been issued by the militia  department:  ." Articles have appeared in the  press recently .attemptingk- to  p'oint out the disadvantages of the  Ross bayonet, .with which the  Canadians are armed at the front,  in comparison with other makes,  particularly on account of length.  The following information will,  no, doubt, be of general interest:  Length of rifles and bayonets  used by the principal nations at  war are: Germany, rifle 4 feeV  1-4 inches, with bayonet, 5 feet,  9.95 inches.   V// '<'���������  Austria, rifle 4 feet 2 inches,  with bayonet; 4 feet 11.5 inches.  Turkey, rifle 4 feet .6 inches,  with bayonet 5 feet 6.6 inches.  Belgium, rifle 4 feet 2.25 ^ineh-  es, with bayonet 4 feet 11.75  inches.' v.,      ''.���������_..  France, rifle 4 feet 3.12 inches,  ���������with' bayonet 5 f6et 11.8$ inches.  * Bussia, rifle 4 feet 3.875 inches,  with bayonet 5.feet 9 inches.  Great Britain (short Lee-  Ehfield), rifle 3 feet 8.5 inches,  with bayonet 5 feet 1.7 inches.  Canada (Boss), rifle 4 feet 2.5  inches, with bayonet 5 'feet 1  inch. 7 J  7 It is interesting to note that  tho American rifle is 3 feet 7.2  inches long, and with the bayonet  4 feet 11 inches."  CHARLES CHAPLIN  IN "HIS NEW JOB"  At the Broadway Theatre on  Wednesday and Thursday Only  ���������Prize Drawing on Tuesday  Night at 8.30.  ImagineXi scowling Kerrigan!  ''That's not nice,'' we hear you  say.   But it is nice, it's winning,  it's charming.   You all love to  see handsome Warren" Kerrigan  "just as he is" without makeup  or special costume.   So don't fail  to   see   him   at   the   Broadway  theatre   oh  Monday   evening  in  the ,'' Guardian of  the Flocks,''  picturesque Mexican costume and  He's handsomer than ever and the  the play is big enough to give  him a chance to; act.   The program for the opening show pf the  week also includes the latest Nes-.  tor comedy, '���������'���������' Baby's '.Fault.'' Lee  Moran takes the part of a young  husband and father, and in the  series of incidents, takes the 'baby  to a poker game.   Victoria Forde  is  the  young  wife  and  mother  finding it out. '  Heavy drama and real comedy  composes Tuesday's program.  Four prizes will be given at the  drawing on that night which will  be held at 8.30. Be von time as  you must be present to win.  for the "Princess Pats" leaving  Victoria for the front, also the  Canadian forces at Salisbury  Plains.  Film fans who have been following "The Master Key" will  seethe fourteenth episode on Friday and Saturday. Two funny-  comedies and an enterprising Rex |  (drama with Pauline Bush will con-1  elude   the   week's   bill. I  A NEUTRAL VICTORY  SIR G. PERLEY  AS HIGH COMMISSIONER  Sir Robert Borden has intimated that the experiment of hav-  ing~������InembeiTof the" ^verntmCht  acting as High Commissioner in  London had proved so successful  that it might be adopted as a  permanent policy. He could not  say that this was definitely decided on, or that the government  was committed to it yet, but Sir  (George Perley had rendered splendid service to the Dominion and  to the Empire under the exceptional conditions of the past year.  The policy of having a member  of the cabinet occupy the position  of High Commissioner had been  suggested to him before, added  the Prime Minister, and there  was nothing in connection with  Sir George Perley's services to  indicate that it was not a wise  policy.  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  Phone: Sey. 8942.  1101 Dominion Building.  More interesting than many of  the war despatches is the story  that comes from London of the  recent marriage of four German  prisoners of war to four English  girls.   These   marriages   all   occurred on the same������day, which  made it something of an event.  For these  prisoners  and  others  that  may  follow  their  example  the hardships of captivity should  be  greatly  ameliorated.  Considered from a neutral viewpoint it  is not easy to determine, whether  this quadruple, romance is to be  regarded as a German or a British victory.   It may have been a  little of both.   But in any event  it shows' that the racial hatreds  engendered by the war are not as  deeprseated as many persons have!  b������*'n led to suppose.  From New York comes news  of the discovery of a new and'  cheap method of producing gaso-  ine,  aniline   dyes,   and    certain  explosives.     Dr. Walter R. Kit-'  tman, a member of the Department  of Mines in Washington,  has been working at this problem for some time in one of the  Columbia   University   laboratories. Recently he demonstrated to  a party of experts the method by  which he can produce from crude  petroleum and practically worthless residual oils, tolnol and benzol, the banc properties of ani-.  line dyes, gasoline and explosives.  It is claimed that gasoline production can be increased two or  three   hundred   per   cent.     Dr.  Rittman's young wife, also an ex*  pert chemist, has been associated  with him in his important^ experiments.  "BOUGH OK EAT8" clean out  rats, niice, etc. Don't die in the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  atorea. %������,  rntmv* BsotrsATHms  "His New Job," with Charles  Chaplin, is one'of the'funniest  two reel features that this world  famous comedian has yet appeared in. No printed word can describe it, so see it and have a  real laugh. This will be shown on  Wednesday and Thursday only.  The Universal Weekly will also  feature scenes of reinforcements  It has been suggested in England that a special badge should  be given to the men' who have  offered^ for, military service, but  have been rejected, usually on  medical grounds. Much unnecessary pain is given to such men  by thoughtless taunts on the part  of- those who do not know how  willing the victims of their ven  om are to do their part if only  the opportunity were theirs. A  badge such as suggested by Lord  Roseberry would do away with  this difficulty.  Sheep used as beasts of burden  in northern India carry loads of  twenty pounds.  There are said to be 3.064 languages spoken in the world.  WASHINGTON, DC.  THE HOUSE OF AMERICAN IDEALS  HOTEL POWHATAN  NEW.   FIREPROOF. EUROPEAN.  RESTFUL       REFINED.       REASONABLE.  TmWMTt MOUSC  scenes m  HOTEL POWHATAN  Rooms with defected bath,        $1.50 per day ip    \ 'p  Room* with private hath, $2.00 per day up  Booklet 4c Hap oa reqnett.  ru������n������wr o������ C0MUS3   is^ j   J^.'  Phone Seymour 9086  E. C. OWEN  Manager  Tit ONiON STATION;,  Where is the sense in hoarding  Money at home or in a Deposit  Box when choice, profitable, safe  investments present" themselves  every day for consideration ?  If You Have Idle Money  release it and promote your own  welfare and that of'the community.  We have some splendid propositions.  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  122  Hastings   Street  West   and  McKay Station. Burnaby  |    Governing Timber on Dominion lands  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the  North West Territories, the Hallway  Belt in the Province of British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres' Located by the Dominion  fn the Peace River District in British  Columbia.  , Sicesaae  A license to cut timber on a tract not  exceeding: twenty-five square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of $5.00 per square  mile, per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Vale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of  5 cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged, on the timber cut at  the^rates-set'out" in^section^20 of the -  regulations. '  Timber Peralte *xn& paea  Permits may be granted in the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile in extent, on payment of dues at  the rate of 50 cents per thousand feet,  13.M., and subject to payment of rental  at' the rate of $100 per square mile, per  annum.  Timber for Bomeateadere  Any occupant of a homestead quartet-  section having no timber of his own  suitable for the purpose may, provided  he.has not previously been granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut the quantity of building and  fencing timber set out in Section 51 of  the Regulations..     ���������  W. W. CORY,  Deputy of the Minister of the Interior.  SYNOPSIS 07 COAfc xxvxwo  mSOULATZOVB  Coal mining rights of the Dominion,  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and In a portln of the Province  of British Columbia, .may be leased for  a term of twenty-one years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2569 acres will be leased to one appli~  cant.  Application for a lease must be made  by the appVcant In person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district In which  the rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed  territory the tract aoplied for shall be  staked out by the.applicant himself.  Each application, must be accompanied by a fee of $5, which will be refunded if the rights applied for are not  available, but not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the* rate of 5 cents  per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights'  are not being operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining  rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the  rate of $10.00 an acre.  Foffull information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  V \  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, April 23. 1915.  From  Edited By FELIX PEWE  WHY IT RAINS IN VANCOUVER  In a recent lecture on British Columbia's Indians, Mr. C. Hill-Tout, F.R.S.  C, told the following story of Indian  folk-lore: X   - '      -  Said Mr. Hill-Tout: It is a story  taken from the lore of the Squamish  Indians of North Vancouver, related  to me some years ago by one of  their old men.  A long time ago the Chief of the  ancestors of the  Squamish quarreled  with Siatmulth, the rain man.   As a  result no rain fell.   AH the pools and  streams dried up; the vegetation died  and the land became brown and bare  and  parched.   The  people  began  to  die of thirst... The Chief was greatly  distressed and troubled.   He sent delegation after delegation to the Rainmaker, who lived in a dwelling somewhere outside the Narrows, but he refused to speak with them or open his  door   to   receive   them.   It   was   the  opening of the Rainmaker's door that  produced  the   rain.   When  his   door  was ajar, it rained softly and gently,  when  it  was  half  opened it  rained  hard and steady, and when it was wide  opened it rained in sheets and torrents.  The keeping of the door-closed shut off  y  all rain. \  The Chief, called the Councillors of  his tribe together, time and again to  assist him in devising some plan by  which they could to induce the Rainmaker to give them rain, but every  plan failed.   At last, when half the  tribe had died of thirst, he summoned  a great council of all his people to  discuss   means  whereby   they ��������� might  force the Rainmaker to open his door.  Everyone was invited to offer suggestions   in   the   order   of   their   social  standing in the tribe, the scheme seemed feasible or likely to succeed until  the eldermen. of the Mouse and the  Flea  and theXLoiise  family j offered  their suggestion.   Said they: "We can  bring Siatmulth to time if you will  follow our plan."   "Let us hear your  plan first,''sai^d the Chief, -'then we  can judge of its merits."   So Mouse  and  Flea   and "Louse   unfolded   the  plan they had concocted, which, briefly, was that they and their families  should  go   over  to  the  Rainmakers  dwelling, after sunset, and steal into  ' the  house,  the  Mice  people   getting  through the knot holes, the Flea and  ��������� Louse people through the cracks and  crannies in the walls, and when the  inmates of the house had retired to  rest the Mice would run about and  make a noise and the Fleas and Lice  would get into the blankets ahd bite  and worry them so that they could  not sleep. They should keep this up  till past midnight, when the Rainmaker and his family would be so worn  __ ou-t that- when theyVwereV_J^iowed^ to  sleep nothing would waken them up  for a long time. When they were once  asleep, Mouse would open the dqor  and the Chief could come in and steal  away with the Rainmaker's son and  hold him as a hostage until his father was brought to terms.  This plan seemed a "good one to  the people, so accordingly, at sunset  that evening, the Mouse people and  the Flea people and the Louse people  stole away in their canoes to the spot  where the Rainmaker lived. When  they arrived they assumed their mice  and flea and lice form and entered the  dwelling through the knot holes and  crannies. The mice began to run  about among the stores, and over the  beds, the fleas and lice got into the  blankets and so worried the Rainmaker and his family that they could  not get a wink of sleep. Again and  again  they  got up,  drove away  the  mice and shook their blankets, but all  to no purpose. The flea and lice and  mice were upon them.again in a short  time. This state of things continued  to close on daybreak and then the unwelcome visitors ceased their disturbances and allowed the weary, tormented Rainmaker and his family to  sleep. X  As soon as they were soundly asleep  the visitors resumed their human  forms, and opened the door to the  Chief who was outside waiting. He  entered and taking up the sleeping  son of Rainmaker, bore him off to his  canoe after setting the door ajar. The  rain began to fall gently and softly.  They now paddled away as fast as  they could, but before they had reached their camp the Rainmaker had  awakened and found the door open  and his son gone. He immediately  surmised; what had occurred and was  very angry and started in' pursuit.  Before doing so he opened the door  very w'ide and thus caused the rain to  descend in torrents.   -Strange to say,  the rain did not fall in his canoe or  upon him, but the storm overtook the  Chief and his people and came near  to swamping and drowning them before they made their landing. Nothing  but the v presence of the Rainmakers  son saved their lives. So violently did  the rain descend that before long the  brooks and streams overflowed their  banks and the whole camp was afloat.,,  Great rocks and boulders thundered  down the mountain side and it looked  as if the whole land would be wash-  into the sea, when the Rainmaker  arrived at the tribal landing place.  They saw him coming and some of  the people went down to meet him.  He accosted them angrily, demanding  if they had stolen his son. They told  him the Chief had taken the bpy and  would not give him up until he pledged himself to "give them all the rain  they wanted.   Said he: "Fetch your  Chief, to me.''   So they brought the  Chief to him; Said Rainmaker to the  Chief: "Why have you done this evil  thing   and  stolen   my   child ? "   The  Chief replied: '' I had no desire to rob  you of your son, but you have treated  us so badly that I was compelled to  the  deed.   My people have  died  in  hundreds   from  lack  af  water   and  you   would   give   us   no   rain.   Now  make a covenant with us that you  will keep our streams supplied with  water and I will give you back your  son.      Rainmaker,    seeing that    the  Chief had outwitted him, was driven  to make the covenant with^the Chief  to get his son back.   HeAj>ledged himself to open his door from time to  time and give them the needed rain.  Said he: "I will not open the door  at regufe^ _ that would  hot be"convenient to me7 but"I~wiir  certainly give you all the rain you  need." The compact was faithfully  kept, and ever, since the Squamish  have had plenty of rain, and when they  get more than they want or it rains  continuously days on end, someone  remarks that Siatmulth has forgotten  to  close his  door.  What we do  on some  great occa-  ���������sion Avill probably depend on what we  already are. and what we are, will be  the result of previous years of self-  discipline.���������Canon Liddon.  *    *    *  Friendship cheers like a sunbeam,  charms like a good story, inspires like  a brave leader, binds like a golden  chain, guides like a heavenly vision.  --^Newell Dwight Hillis.  WHAT AN OLD TIMER  HAD TO PUT UP WITH  The other day a lady entered a car  bound for New Westminster. She was  accompanied by her son, a small boy,  fresh from London's smoke.  The woman had a careworn expression and many of the rapid questions  asked by the boy were answered by  unconscious sighs.  "Ma," said the boy, "that man's  like a baby, ain't he?" pointing to a  bald-headed old timer sitting just in  front. of them.  "Hush."  "Why must I hush?"  After a moment's silence: "Ma,  what's the matter with that man's  head?"     ,  ''Hush, I tell you.   He's bald."  .   "What's   bald?" .  "His head hasn't got any hair on  .it.".-. -   X'X    . ���������  "Did it come off?"  :���������  "YesX"v-:.  "Will mine come off?"  "Sometime, may be;" .-':���������'���������  "Then I'll be bald, won't I?"     .  ���������:��������� '"Yes."  ',. X'''���������':''",''���������  "Will you be bald?"  "Don't ask sq many questions."  After another silence the boy exclaimed: "Ma, lookat that fly on that  man's head".   .  "If you don't hush I will whip you  when we get home."  "Look! There's another fly. Look  at  'em fight; look at  'em!" X  "Madam," said the Old Timer, putting aside his newspaper and looking  around, "what's the matter with that  .boy?"   X--XX''  The woman blushed, stammered out  something, and attempted to smooth  back the boy's hair.  "One fly, two flies, three flies," said  the boy innocently, following with his  eyes the dancing blue bottles round  the man's head.Xx  ''Here, you young cougar," said the  bald-headed man; "If you don't hush,  I'll have the conductor put you off the  car."' ���������    .; .y.yy/   . '.;���������'.. VV,.  The poor woman, not knowing what  else to do, boxed* the boy's ears and  then gave him an orange to keep him  from crying. X  "Ma, have I got red streaks on my  head like that man?" V  "I'll slap you again, if you don't  hush."  "Mister,"; said the hoy, after a short  silence, "does it hurt to be bald-  headed?"        k' jy\  ''Kid," said the man;"if. you'll  keep quiet I'll give you a nickel."  The boy promised and the money  was^paidj oyer. ���������_ ;,^^_ _, ^^l^^^ V  The man took up his paper and resumed his reading.  "This is my bald-headed money,"  said the boy.  "When I get bald-headed I'm going  to give boys moneyX Mister, have all  bald-headed,men got money?"  The annoyed man threw down v the  paper, arose, and exclaimed:"Madam,  hereafter when you travel, leave that  young gorilla at hoihe. Hitherto I  always thought that the old prophet  was very cruel for calling the she-  bears to kill the children for making  sport of his head, but now I am forced  to believe he did a Christian act. If  your boy had been there he would have  died first. If I can't get another seat  on this car, I'll walk."  '' The bald-headed man is gone,''  said the boy, and the woman leaned  back and blew a tired sigh.  r ,������ **yss        v  ���������_ s.A,   ������    ������������������?***"   ������^vi  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 845  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop,  A Splendid Collection  of Stirring Verse  "War WarUmgs  of a British Tar"  By W. A. Hlis, Late R. N.  For sale by all book stores  and at the Western Call.  25c a Copy  "V  /  in  Stationery  VOU realize the favorable  ��������� \ impression created by  the letterhesld, that, because  of its dignity and richness,  stands alojne in the mass of  your morning's mail. Naturally you desire your correspondence to have an equally  pleasing effect upon your  customers.  ^pHE many advantages of  ��������� striking, distinctive letterheads are generally realized. But in spite of a keen  appreciation of these facts,  Jhe problem of securing really effective letterheads without unwarranted extravagance is a real problem.  rpms problem may be easily  -.+. solved by giving your  Printing to the TOMJNAl.  is the outstanding feature \x\  all our work and our prices  will fit your ideas of economy.  x' -        ,  xpiNE Job Printing is an  -T art; and perfect work  can only be acquired after  years of experience.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  ���������   .'���������-iv.s.c-j.-w.-������n___������  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140  203 KINGSWAY  V Friday, April 23, 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  SPORTING COMMENT  New Westminster pro. lacrosse  team are out already to practice.  Vancouver will follow suit next  week.  ���������   *   *  Another Canadian boy has gone  over to the States and romped  home with premier marathon honors. Edouard Fabre, of Montreal, went to Boston this week  and captured the American classic. It was his fifth try and he  won the title in handy fashion.  Con Jones is out with the announcement that probably La-  londe and Fitzgerald will be on  the coast playing lacrosse this  season. The game is on the down  grade in the east and there are a  number of the players who are  anxious to earn some money on  the coast this season. We find it  hard to believe Lalonde and Fitzgerald are two of these. They  are foxy generals and will take  some real money before they  move out this way.  V Ice hockey followers in Canada  have likely seen the last appearance of Art Ross, of the Ottawa  team. Art was married in_ Montreal last week, and is comfortably located in business in Montreal. Ross is a good class of  athlete, one of those fellows who  used his speed on the ice to good  advantage. During his fat salary  years his shekels went to build  up a business and this he has successfully done. It does seem  that the days of the spendthrift  athlete have passed, and the boys  are beginning to have some real  horse sense. Now, if they would  only inject a little of their hard-  gained wisdom into the actual  elimination, of the- dirty element  in the various games it- would  mean a great deal for the advancement of sport all along the  line.  ���������   ���������    ���������  The wires are still sounding  with strange whisperings of police courts, suits, etc., in connection with the Mann Cup. Only  a week ago the trophy was discarded by the C. A. A. U. as re  presentative of. the highest amateur lacrosse honors. That should  be enough to satisfy the most ex-  ciatble nature, but if they're still  is doubt regarding the matter  then let it go to the courts. Nobody eares a rap about the Mann  Cup or its trustees, or indeed for  the amateur game as it is being  conducted at the present time.  Sufficient for Vancouver, to know  they are the recognized champions by the highest governing  body in the game, a body on  which the Mann cup trustees do  not hold a seat. Let Calgary and  Brampton play away till their  heart is content. Neither team are  of championship calibre at the  present time, so what's the odds.  The Nothwest League got off  to a flying start on Tuesday af  ternoon, when a large crowd assembled at Athletic Park at the  conclusion of the street parade to  witness ibe first game of the season. The street parade was a  grf.it success, the best ever, aiid  the crowd on hand at the park  was a record for an opening  game. Victoria nine were the opposition and they succeeded in  slipping one oyer on the XBeav-  ers\in this game. On Wednesday  the latter came back strong and  won out, but fell away again on  Thursday. Predictions at this  time are entirely out of place,  as the teams are not yet seasoned,  but it does look like the Victoria  management has a splendid team  this year. While we naturally  would hope to see the Beavers  repeat the winning streak of the  past two seasons, still it would,  perhaps, be in the best interest  of the game to see Victoria grab  the pennant this year. Here's  luck to the season anyhow!  Leonard Sepala, the winner of  the All-Alaska sweepstakes,  which annually gives Nome a  leading place on the sporting  map, is a foreman for the Pioneer  Mining Company, of Nome. His  dogs, however, are not the com-,  pany's, but his own. Seppala has  never before taken part in a dog  I race.   He has always been an en  thusiastic follower of the sport,  and his knowledge of dogs and  of trails of the north, acquired  during his thirteen years of. residence in that region, was largely responsible for his victory  over so old and experienced a  driver as Scotty Alan.  #   *   *  At the annual meeting of the  Pacific Coast Amateur Lacrosse  Association held laxt week the following schedule of ga,mes was de-  decided on for this season:  May 15���������Vancouver at Westminster.  May 24���������Westminster at Victoria.  -'June 5���������V. A. C. at Victoria.  June 12���������Westminster at V. A.  <X  ���������.;.  June 19���������Victoria at V. A. C.  July 1 or 2���������Victoria at Westminster.  ,  July 10���������Westminster at Vancouver.  July 24���������Vancouver at Vic-  toria.  July 31���������Victoria aX Vancouver.  Aug. 14���������Vancouver at Westminster. v  Aug. 28���������Westminster at Vancouver.    ���������-  Sept. (^Westminster at Victoria.  The following officers were  elected: Hon. Pres., Lieutenant-  Governor Barnard; hon. vice-presidents, Messrs. C. A. Welch of  New Westminster; L. Tait, Df  Victoria, J. Findlay, of Vancou-"  ver; pres., Mr. M. Oppenheimer;  first vice-president, Mr. A/Turn-  bull, of New Westminster; second vice-president, Mr. E. Taylor, of Victoria; secretary-treasurer, Mr. H. Fowler; executive  committee, Messrs. C. Mason and  W. Campbell, of Vancouver;  E. Christopher and R. Mclnnes,  of Victoria, and L. Gregory and  G. Atkinson, of New Westminster.  The following referees were  chosen to officiate for the season:  Messrs. Dinsmore, Moresby, Stevens, Johnson and Springer, of  Victoria; Messrs. Gray, Feeney,  Latham and Bryson, of New  Westminster; Messrs. Tuck, G.  Matheson, Peacock and West, of  Vancouver.  VIADUCT TO BE  OPENED MAY 24  Don't Procrastinate���������Plant Soon  T-he British Columbia ,Apples,in a world competition, captured the  Gold Medal Prize. This means, that the B. C. orchards -will lead the world.  A word  to  the wise  is  sufficient.   ���������  We are offering choice varieties of our one year old apple tree stock  at Ten Dollars per 100; two and three year'old stock reduced accordingly.  Our other fruit tree stock and general nursery stock we give 30 per cent, off  catalogue jarice, allowed in additional stock.   Cash to accompany order.  In our stQck of over $100,000 we have everything you want to make  your orchards greater'and your gardens more beautiful. Catalogues mailed  free on application.  Patronize home growers, and build up a Tiome pay roll.  ROYAL NURSERIES, LIMITEO  Head Office, 710 Dominion Bldg., 207 Hastings St. W. Pbone, Sey. 5556  Store, 2410 Granville St., Pbone, Bay. 1926  Nurseries and Greenhouses, jtoyai, on tbe B. O. E. By. Eburne Branch,  Pbone, Eburne 43  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  Now is tKe  Time  to Buy  GARDEN  HOSE  We have a special Sale of Hose  on now.  Regular $5.50 for  -.$4.75'-.'  Regular $5.00 for  -   .$4.00  This Hose is 50 feet long complete with couplings and  nozzle.     Phone us your order.   We make prompt delivery.  W. R. Owen S Morrison  The /Vlt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  THE 1015 CHOP  Farmers throughout the Can  adian prairie west are now busy  on the land, and the first work  of raising the great 1915 crop is  well under way. The implements  have been on the land for several  days, and in some districts seeding is well started. Conditions  are ideal and generally speaking  there is enough moisture in the  land to carry the seed until the  first heavy rainiX During the  past week there have been light  rains in several districts and now  warm sunshine is needed. In  northern and central Saskatchewan seeding is proceeding rapidly and the grain is also being  buried in the district along Goose  Dakc^ line andalohg theCanadian  Pacific railway east of Calgary.  In northern Alherta the work is  not so far advanced and it trill  be two weeks before seeding is  general. In Manitoba seeding  operations will commence in the  near future. Increased acreage  is reported from almost every  point. ������������������'��������� '  Not until the B. C. E. R. has  put down about 30 feet of  straight rail at the east end of  the ^Georgia-Harris bridge and  about 140 feet at the other end  can the viaduct paving be really  finished, but as there are hopes  that this will soon be done by  the company it is expected the  bridge will be opened on May 24.  . The structure itself has been  completed for some time but it is  in details such as the pavement  that the time limit will be exceeded. However, as the contractors were helped at the beginning of their task by circumstances over which they had no  control, the city is willing to extend the time without asking' for  any demurrage, but the contracting company does not wish to  be obliged to renew its bond, at  a cost of $2,400 a year, simply  for six weeks, the period estimated for the completion of the  work, and on the other hand th6  bridges and railways committee  of. the city council does not wish  to release the company from its  bond.  The argument is advanced that  there could be no harm done by  giving this release, as the city  retains in hand the sunipf $80,-  000 on the contract price, and the  bond Twas given for the completion of the bridge, which is, with  the exception of the matters mentioned, now an accomplished fact.  For the stability of the bridge  the engineer, Mr.,C. A. P. Turner,  has given a bond for $100,000 and  has backed this with his prof es1-  sional reputation.  ; To make an effective test of  the strength of the bridge, it is  stated that the customary thing  would be to run heavily1 loaded  cars on to the structure, but  since there is no connection on  the B. C. E. R. tracks it is somewhat difficult to see how this can  be managed. In some places on  the bridge, sand has been piled  to a depth o������ four or five feet,  and this is heavier than cars  would be.  Meanwhile the committee expects the street railway company  to go ahead with the laying of  the tracks, but has foregone any  rope of having the special work  put in at each end, as the company' has stated tat owing to  the slump in the stock on the  London market and other matters  it is impossible to raise money to  make te extensions.  WEU. KNOWN  MISSIONABY DEAD  The death occurred recently of  Rev. Walter Thomas Currie, D.  D., at Royal Oak, Victoria,. B.  C, who was well known throughout Canada as tlie first missionary  to penetrate West Central Africa.  Deceased was born in Toronto  and was educated in McGill university, graduating in arts and  theology in 1885. After a year's  medical training, he and his wife  went to Chisamba. Not long after landing, he was taken0ill with  fever, through which his wife  nursed him, only herself to be  taken with the dreaded disease  from which she dies. Since he  fh*st started missionary work at  that place it has become civilized, prosperous churches and agricultural and industrial schools  having been established there.  J. Dixon G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 886 House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture ilanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanglng and Kalsomining  Shop: 1066 Dunsmuir St.  X  Vancouver. B.C.  "SO GOOD" IS  4X BREAD  i ' ....  It's so good that thousands of good housewives  daily shift the burden of baking Bread on our shoul-  ders.    Home made on a big scale. That's 4X. ���������  Phone Fair. 44 for Shelly's 4X  1  Japan is  a  wonderful collection  of islands���������five large  ones I  and  about  two   thousand  small.  ones, stretched for two thousand  miles  along  the  coast  of  Asia.  The islands are very interesting  and beautiful, and the great volcanic   mountain,.. Fuji,  is  probably the loveliest mountain inall  the world.  AT HOME  AT THE CLUB  AT THE HOTEL  Ask for  Tansan  Tlie Health-Giving  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes  ihe (jton'u^ io������P4N} ,;;s  v:XXXj:  xx^xxv  XXi*#X-  Atwenty per cent, increase in  farm production in Canada will  cover the interest on the ehor  mons sum of $2,800,000,000,  which Great Britain has loaned  to the Dominion for various purposes of development. Such an increase in agricultural production  should be a good thing all round,  making a larger income for the  farmer, more food for the empire, as well as helping so greatly  to maintain Canada's  credit.  The Importance of the lumber Industry Cannot be Overestimated.   The Labor,  Supplies and Transportation of wbich would ensure Prosperity to all  Classes. ^ 8  THE  WESTERN   CALL  Friday, April 23, 1915.  "The Black Box,'.' Universale  latest serial photo play, will open  at the Broadway theatre on May  14 and 15.  Rev. J. W. White, of. Eburne,  has completed six years in his  present charge. He preached in  Mt. Pleasant Pres. church on  Sunday morning, and Prof. Pid^  1 geon occupied the same pulpit in  the evening.  ��������� ������������������-..'  Rev. Dr. Milliken,formerly pastor of Wesley Methodist church,  and lately president of the Methodist college at Regina, has just  received a call to the pastorate  of Metropolitan church in Regina  to take office at the opening of  the church year in June. Dr.  Milliken has not yet signified his  intention regarding the invitation. -  ��������� *    *  Ward VII. branch of the Red  Cross Society has made arrange  ments to hold a ii-hard time"  dance in the Finnish hall, Tuesday, April 27th. Prizes will be  given for the best original lady's and gent's hard time costume, also for the best lady's and  gent's comic costume. As this  will probably be the lost of these  dances this season, it is expect  ed that many will avail themselves of this opportunity. Ladies,  25c and gentlemen 50c. Proceeds  to be used for buying materials  to-be made into garments for the  soldiers and sailors.  ��������� *   *   ������  LECTURE ON LIVERPOOL  An illustrated lecture on Liverpool and its relation to Canada  and the Empire at the present  time, with manyt side lights on  the slum life and temperance  work going on there will be delivered in the school room of Mt.  Pleasant Presbyterian church tonight at 8 o'clock by Rev. F. C.  West, of this city. The speaker  is thoroughly familiar' with his  subject, and the lecture should  be well worth hearing.  ���������   ���������   ���������  ENTERTAINMENT  AT COLUNOWOOD  A very pleasing entertainment  has been prepared by Miss Grace  Goddard, to be held in the Collingwood Institute, Collingwood  East, on Tuesday, April 27th, at  7.30   p.m.  Miss Goddard has taken a great  dealj>f care in teaching the chil-  drenf oik dances, drills, etc., and  a splendid program is promised.  In addition to the children's  dances, there "will be grownup  dancing for all, and other items.  Wear fancy dress if you like. The  admission is 25c, children' 10c,  and the proceeds in aid of- the  Library Fund.  AN IMPORTANT  MASS MEETING  An important mass meeting  under the auspices of the Laymen's Missionary Movement will  be held in St. Andrew's church,  cor. Seymour and Georgia Sts.,  on Sunday next, April 25th, at  4 p.m. The speaker will be Rev.  Dr. O. R. Avison, Physician to  the Korean Royal Family. Rev.  Principal W. H. Vance will act  as chairman. The following will  also take part in the programme:  Rev. John Mackay, D.D., Rev. J.  W. Sipprell, D.D., Rev. E. Leslie  Pidgeon, Rev. J. K. Unsworth.  Rev. B. A Sand, and E W. Lee-  son, Esq. All are invited, ladies  cordially  welcomed.  'WHAT IS CHRISTIANITY?"  Rev. Dr. John Mackay, principal of Westminster Hall, will  speak at the Citizens' Sunday  Service held in the Dominion  theatre, Granville street, at 7..30  p.m. on Sunday. Solos will be  rendered by Miss Eva McCross-  an, Miss Ida Free and Mr. Geo.  0. Sanborn. Prayer will be offered for our soldiers/sailors and  empire, and a bright cheerful  service is assured by Mr. John T.  Stevens, who has conducted these  services for the past eight  months. Organ recital from 7.10  to 7.30.  CALLED   TO   TORONTO  Jos. H. Bowman  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vancouver, EL C.  When you purchase ������boeB do  7011 merely aay to your dealer  "l -wtuA a pair of rtioeB" or do  yon demand a certain make?  In case or dissatisfaction wbat recourse  have you?  Wbeii you^buy XiBCKIE SHOES you-buy-SATISPAGTION-  at the same time.  You buy the very best leather on the market  ���������honest leather, honestly built into honeBt shoes.  We make the claim that LECKIE SHOES are the best shoe  investment on the market. We venture the statement that you  will become a LEOKIE' SHOE advocate when you buy your  first pair ot LECKIE SHOES. The reasons are in the LECKIE  SHOE. ���������-:���������'���������  \     AT LEADING DEALERS EVERYWHERE  \  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OP  Light and  Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES,  WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all k������nds.    HoVse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  LAWN   SEED  FERTILIZER  SEED OATS  "������������������ Early   Rose   Seed   Potatoes  Grace Darling Seed Potatoes  Sutton's Reliance Seed Potatoes  F.T.VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT FEED STORE  255 BROADWAY EAST Two Phones:  Fair 186 and 878  Try Our Own Diamond Chick Food for Best Results  Toronto Globe of last week:  At a meeting of the congregation of Bloor Street Presbyterian  church last evening it was unanimously decided to extend a call  to the Rev. Prof. G. C. Pidgeon,  D.D., of Westminster Hall, Vancouver, to become colleague-pastor'with Rev. Dr: Wallace, of.  that church. The stipend promised is $3,500, with six weeks  holidays each year. It is under-  stod that Dr. Pidgeon will favorably consider the call,- arid ;his  translation to Toronto will likely  take place in September next.  Prior to his removal to Vancouver Dr. Pidgeon was for eight  years pastor of Victoria-Presbyterian church, West Toronto;  where, under his 'ministratidris  the congregation grew rapidly  and prospered abundantly.    :X  OJTY MARKET  BEJtfG JWPRQVEP  .With the appointment of Mir.  H. A. Edgett as manager of the  city market by the council practically the final step in the re-organization of that institution has  been accomplished. There now  remain but the details of the new  policy under which the market  will be/conducted in future, to  be mastered and when the new  nianager^bas-had^the^opportunity,  of putting into full swing the  market committee's wishes there  will open up an.new era of usea  fulness for the market which  should bring beneficial results  to the public.  Under the new regime an entirely different policy toward the  arrangement and disposition of  goods will be inaugurated. The  old system of auction sales with  the tendency to increase the price  of produce to the consumer will  be done away with and instead,  the public will 'be able to buy at  the lowest possible price. Farmers from-the adjacent districts  will be encouraged to market  their wares and dispose of them  themselves and for this reason  stalls will be rented to them by  the day, the week or the month at  a nominal rental.  For the present one market day  a week has been decided on but  in the near future two days will  be set apart. All livestock and  poultry will disappear from the  front of the market building to  a less conspicuous location ahd  the approach to the building  made more attractive and inviting.  The civic market committee has  framed a new policy which, it is  hoped will meet with the approval of the public and induce a  greater patronage than has been  the case in the past.  In addition to their Ice Cream  Parlors in the Lee Building,  Messrs. Prochnau and Gates have  opened an -extensive line of  Fruit, both local and imported,  fresh every day, and at the lowest prices. Fresh, ripe, juicy  strawberries at Prochnau & Gates.  Lee Building, 15c per box.  OUR COLLEGES  AND THE WAR  The great majority'. of. the men  students in our universities have  been giving a large part of their  time to military drill, so as to  be ready for the front if needed.  Officers' training corps have been  formed, and medical and engineering students, and others, are  all doing their best to perfect  themselves in the various direcr  tions for which they are fitted by  their special knowledge. The  University of Toronto reports  that eleven of its staff went as  officers of the first contingent,  while others follow with the second, and it is to have charge  of a large base hospital.  "Over thirty of Toronto's graduation class in medicine received  their degrees at a special convocation in March and are to go  to a clearing hospital at the  front. A large group of the final year in other faculties received their degrees at the same time,  and leave for active service.  Similar facts might be given in  regard to the men of all our Canadian universities.  McGill is to unite with Toronto in May in an officers' training camp at Niagara.  An interesting item is given in  the report from Montreal in  which Principal Scrimgeour of  the/Presbyterian college mentions  that one student enrolled for the  ministry has gone with the First  contingent,, while a number of  other theological students are  preparing for future contingents.  The men and women of our  Canadian universities are eager  for the chance to, do their full  share for king and country.  ARBOUR DAY  Observance Should be General-  Objects for Which It Stands  - Are to the General Advantage  of Canada.  Arbour Day is not observed in  Canada to the extent which its  importance warrants.  British Columbia -must ever  keep in mindXher dependence  upon her forests. With practically 85 per cent, bf her area  suitable only for forestry purposes, it is essential that the value  of trees and their protection  should be thoroughly impressed  upon Canadians.  There is no official recognition  given to the subject of Arbour  Day in British Columbia, although there seems no doubt that  public opinion favours its establishment as a holiday and its  observance. The observance of  Arbour Day should be general  throughout this country. There  is need in every part of Canada  for the education and instruction  which Arbour Day represents.  The day should be observed as  a public holiday at a time most  suited to the climatic conditions  of the locality. Public recognition should _be_,given^to= Arbour  Day, and the planting and protection of shade trees, the preparation of flower-and vegetable gardens, and the thorough cleaning,  up of homes and surroundings  should be advocated as special  duties for the day.  Arbour Day has its justification in the value of trees, from  whatever point of view they may  be considered. Nothing contributes so much to make the world  a pleasant place to live in as  trees. The true home feeling is  not satisfied without the presence  of the trees, with their shelter and  shade, their beauty of form and  leaf., their blossom and fruit,  their varying shades with the  passingof the seasons, and their  fullness of colour, in the autumn  days. They also afford homes  and . shelter for our feathered  friends���������the birds���������during, their  annual visits to us.  There is nothing which will  add beauty and value to a home  or the schoolhouse more than the  presence of trees; there is, likewise nothing which adds more to  the comfort of the pedestrian  than shade trees on the roadside.  The way may be long and dusty,  but under the cool shade of the  trees relief is found. ',  It is hoped that steps will be  taken towards the institution of  Arbor Day, and that its observance will become general; that  of the value and beauty of trees,  and shrubs around schoolhouses,  homes, public spaces and by roadsides may have the effect of be-  veloping a keener appreciation  off. the value and beauty oftrees,  and that in thus enlarging the  field of Arbour Day activities,  greater interest may be created  in the protection of our Canadian  forests from the reckless destruction by fire and the axe with  which they are.threatened.  P. H. GOW, Manager  Program for Week Commencing April 26th.  <x **  Monday���������  J. Warren Kerrigan, in "The Guardian of the  Flock"; "Baby's Fault," with Lee Moran and  Victoria Forde.  Tuesday���������  Two-reel feature, "The Cameo Ring." "A  Change in Lovers," L-Ko Comedy; drawing at  8.30,  four  Prizes.  Wednesday and Thursday���������  CHARLES  CHAPLIN in  "His New Job."  Universal Weekly. ~  Friday and Saturday-  Episode 14 of the Master Key.   L-Ko Comedy.  "The Fatal Note," with Billie Ritchie.       X  THE "OLD-TIMER'  We are now "making history"  ���������just as history was made for us  by our forefathers. We are now  making it, however at such a "terribly rapid rate that seeing events  of colossal importance transpiring every hour���������-we are apt to  overlook the "folk-lore" gossip  and minor events which will be  the very "life" of history in the  future. A little monthly magazine���������to grow in time, perhaps  to * large1 magazine���������has just  been started. The object of its  mission will be .o preserve memories oft the past and those bits^of  biography, history and archaeology which are too interesting to  lose���������and worth more permanent  record than the ephemeral columns of a newspaper. iThe "Old-  Timer" will De conducted by  ' < Felix Penne''���������W. J. Francis  Bursill, Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, whose work is  well known and who may be relied s on���������if he receives anything  like support���������to make this magazine far more useful and interesting than the first number  can indicate. As a means of communication between people interested in the history of the past  and "history in the making" this  magazine will fill a niche which  has been conspicuously empty.  Charles Chaplin at the Broadway on Wednesday and Thursday in two reel scream, "His  New^Job.^X_______ __ _____^__���������_  One of the most efficient fire  fighters in existence is that installed in Naples, Italy, where  seven hundred tons of water can  be seeured in a nhour from each  of the two great water pumps of  the city.  French Lessons  X Given by  A Certified Parisian Teacher  Classes forming now. New and  easy Method  25c per lesson  2856 Yale Street. 5 minutes walk  from Hastings Park   \  Private Lessons by Arrangement  It means House Cleaning; Possibly New Curtains. The Scrinjs  and Voiles are the newest, with  fancy border and hemstitched  edge. 25c and up to ���������'..... .XWfcV  May Patterns now on Sale  Kid Gloves, Perriu's and Tre-  fausse. Reg. $1.25 and $1.50.    ;  Now, pair ........... ���������'.. .$1.00  New Whiteweaiy Ladies' JCnit  Underwear     and     Hosiery.  You'll  find our prices low  when you consider the quality, k  Silk Boot Hose, pair ......-. .BQc  Buster Brown Sister's Hose   25c  Middy-Waists^on-sale-v-;-xx00c-  Ladies' Waist, low'neck .".. .08c  50c Ribbons, now '���������'./.  .25c  We are still giving big bargains in Men's, Women's and  Misses' Boots. See our Windows.  Corner 8th .and Main  Mount Pleasant's GLASSIEST and ONLY  ICE CREAM PARLOR  ; BOXES FOR LADIES  The  latest  Sparkling Delicious  Drinks  always.  .   Ladies Especially Invited.      >  THAT MEW STORE  First Store West of our present location on Broadway near  Main, Lee Building.  Phone: Fair. 817  KEELER'S NURSERY  15th and Main Street .  For Easter Plants and Cut Flowers, all in first  class   shape.  _aii


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