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The Western Call 1915-04-02

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 V.  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  Volume VI.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,    FRIDAY, APRIL 2, 1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 4/.  LAND FOR SETTLERS  THIS is the first plank in the Liberal platform.  It sounds well, but this cry is founded on  a fallacy. ���������  There is no greater speculator than the settler.  Search  the  Fraser Valley  through  or  any  [ other valley in British Columbia and see how  many of the original settlers there are left.^  Go to the prairies where the matter has had  broader testing and it will be found that the  bulk   of   the   homesteaders   stay   after   having  I obtained their, patents only until they can make  .sales for cash.   And the amount of cash required  ;is not large. ~  Whereas the speculator who makes a profit  jars is over and oyer by acting as a colonizing  [agent. He has given guarantees by the invest-  snent of his money. He has induced real settlers  (to go in and has seen to it that they are of a  [class that will develop the lands and earn the  loney to pay the price of the same.  There are few successful communities, agricultural that,is to say, which have not had as-a  (financial foundation the money invested by the  Iso-called speculator. V  "X, The homesteader goes in without money.  _Everywhere he has been dependent on the em-  rioyme|t^and paid for by 'the speculator for the  Jmeansofv sustenance until his land has become  frevenu* producing.  To carry out the first plank will be to put a  stop to progress. The plank is founded on the  irror that the settler is not a speculator, while  the reverse is true.  Eutopia has always promised well, but has  |r?ot been found. X >  X  Plank Two of the Liberal Platform  ' Aid to railways not to exceed what is reasonably necessary to, secure construction.''  Well, what would you have?   Aid to the full  reasonable, cost should satisfy most companies.  Xould not the building of railroads so aided be  |i better paying job than writing for a paper?  Xfe ire thinking of putting out a shingle as a  , att������Bf|i$  builder  if  the   government  will   lend  tfc^IOgfti to that extent.   If we were sure that  fceVrtpd would be ours free from charge to us  ^ grcil&were built as this seems to indicate, we  T..    l^������ot hesitate.  [uX|f^to4V though the road were bonded to its  raB-,'value, assured that the province would pay  disinterest and that all we should have to worry  over would be say one per cent, per annum to  [eepay the sinking fund, even though we only  Wpbld the common stock it would be in time worth  Ipar and the bonus to us would be, the railroad,  '/for managing the construction.     For the cfpera-  [;ition  we   should   be  paid   a   handsome   salary  ^anyway.  The Western Call says let there be no more  Jailroads built by private companies, except at  Ihe company's expense which builds it. If the  Government has to guarantee the cost then let  It build and o^n the road as a public utility.  t    THF GREAT NORTHERN  !������������������ : x ��������� :  liHHO the Mayor who arranged the original  'I Northern Railway Company, which  r shall we call it, bargain, with the Great  Lbound the city so tightly and gave the raii-  jWay���������so   much- scope, -the^railway-has^ again v  'turned to ask for, still further scope, or time  |for tjie f.ulfillraent of its undertakings.  Had the-railway When things were booming  showed any desire to live up to what the city  tat all events was led to believe to be the spirit  N>f its agreement, the city might be in the"  laiood to countenance the extension of time, but  Ithey did not do so. Now, when there is such  [need of the assistance which the building of  (the terminals would give to the city, both in  nhe   way   of  financial   expenditure   among   the  ivage earners and in the way of moral encouragement, the city should by all/means in its  [power compel the going forward with the work.  That times are bad we know. But the  (company ..has  been  so  richly  endowed  at  the  expense of the city, there is all the more reason  [that the city should demand that it be repaid  lat least to the extent of having the work  rdone at this very time and because it is so  Pvital to the city to have it done now.  [K If the terms are too onerous for the com-  Ipany to carry out now according to their  [Agreements, then let them put back into the  foity's hands the property bestowed upon them.  Any  Council  which  should  weaken  on  this  question at this time would show itself to be  Ftveak indeed, if not something worse.  DURATION OF THfi WAR  |f    We had the pleasure of talking to the head  if a well known firm recently, who discussed this  question.   The  gentleman is from Scandanavia  Ljnd is constantly in receipt of correspondence  Trrom home.   Jlis advices from"there are to the  [effect that, the enemyV countries will not be able  to carry on the struggle .over four months more.  Irhey  are. in   a   better  position   to   guage   the  [resources of the countries than we are. - They  pre near neighbors.   They are in constant business   communication  with   Germany   and   Austria.   They are  neutral.   They are  approached  ^constantly with orders for supplies and by the  [(eagerness of the governments to purchase or to,  import  through  their ports   they  are   able   to  linage the needs of the combatants.  We do not.know, but we hope there may be  [truth in this. In the meantime we must be  fready to go on four months or four years until  lihat end is reached.  TAX SALES  FOR some weeks past we Have been calling attention to the tax sale abominations which  are being perpetrated on the land owner by the various municipalities. We call  attention to the fact that the tax sales of South Vancouver are now definitely arranged.  There will be included in the lists pf these properties subdivisions including a score or  niore lots. One or two of these lots, if. thereis any fairness at all in the tax sales, should  bring enough to pay the taxes on the whole. But this will not be allowed. Every single lot  will be sold each for the pittance which is against it.  Moreover,, there should in reason be no; need to have many sales ror the land held by  one owner.. But there will be as many separate sales as there are separate lots,, and the  minimum cost will be two dollars plus five per cent, against each lot.  Is there any justice or reason in a time like* this in. putting owners to BU(?h expense?  Should there not at the least be a limit to such expense ?    -  Now a word to owners of land. We are doing our best in calling attention to this  matter. If there is to be any relief you readers must take up the matter and cause the  members of the government to realise that the.people are awake to a tremendous error  and are in earnest in requiring the error to be abated at once.  ".'.We are sure that there needs only the pressure of aroused opinionto call attention  of the authorities to the matter and we feel that there will be a remedy if the demand is  made.   For the members of the legislature desire in the main to be fair.  The Call would welcome some expressions in its columns regarding the matter.  Wmw is  Just Before  the Dawn  FIRST EASTER MORr!  THE first d^ of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto  the sepulchre,' and seeth .the stone taken away' from the sepulchre. X  Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus  loved, and saith unto them, They hare taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we  know not where they have laid him.  Peter, therefore, went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre.  So they ran both together; and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to  the sepulchre. . '   *  And he, stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.  Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre and seeth the  linen clothes lie,  And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.  Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw,  and believed.  t  For as yet they knew not the'scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.  Then the disciples went away again unto their, own home.  .   .But_Mary stood": without at^the sepulchre .sleeping:, and- as she wept, she stooped  down and looked into the sepulchre.  And seeth two angels in white, sitting, the one at the head, and the. other at the  feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.  And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou- She saith unto them, Because they  have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him.  X   And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and  knew riot that it was Jesus. '       ��������� v  Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing  him to l>e the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if. thou have borne him hence, tell me where  thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.  Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rab-boni; which  is to say, Master.   :'._''-  Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father; but go to  ray brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto myN Father, atod' your Father; and to .my  God and your God. -  X^ary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he  had spoken these things unto her. ���������;  ������ftr  aces  TOrWTOTH OF THE PROVJNe^  In mines, timber, fisheries,' agricttltuifc^tQ^  British Columbia is exceedingly rich. These  riches are the property of theK provinceJ But  the province is only another name for the  people of the province. About five hundred  thousand persons are the possessors of this great  wealth.  The Government holds the wealth in trust  for the people.      s  XJJow every election decides whether the  same trustees shall be re-elected or whether  there shall be  a change in the  trustees.  The election should turn a great deal upon  how the trustees have handled the public domain. Has that handling been made, showing  a fair profit, or has it shown a loss. Has the  domain been handled for the public good, or  has it been handled for private  gain?  These are vital questions. And the present government, we think, is presenting a  fair report.  But as a question of political economy we  are of the Opinion that the system inherited  by the 'government and by them carried on  with  few  changes is a  vicious  system.  The great communal wealth of the province  has   been  and  is  being  changed   rapidly  into  .private ���������wealth. ,  We cannot emphasize this too strongly. A  transmutation of public wealth into private  wealth without a quid pro quo is vicious.  Take :���������' our coal lands. The, ownership of  the'coal beds should remain forever in the  hands of the people. The cost of the  development should be borne by' the government, for it is important that the beds should  be developed. The working pf the mines might  then be done by private enterprise under lease  and on a _ percentage basis. But the alienating  of the lands forever, whether worked or not,  -should not be allowed for a moment.  The Timber  , The province should not allow any private  party to. go into the rich timber limits and  deplete-them at will of their timber, leaving  behind them as they invariably do, material  for the final destruction of the forest by fire.  All the timber should be under the control of  the government forestry department. The trees  to be cut should be marked. The manner of  the logging should be controlled. The young  growth should be conserved so that the supply  should   be  perpetual.  Private' enterprise should be granted the  right to take out the marked timber, as ordered, or the government .could mobilize its  forestry force and supply the logs to the  market.  These things could be done at a profit to  the public and the asset be perpetual. But  this is not the way which has obtained on this"  continent and we doubt whether any party  has in it men who are strong enough to be  pioneers   in   this   regard.  Above all this should be the case with the  white coal of the rivers. The enormous hydro  powers which are being so rapidly taken up  by private enterprise should be developed for  the   body   politic.  Where this has been done, witness the city  of Winnipeg, the cost of power has been reduced to the consumer to one-fifth or thereabout of the cost to the consumer under private  enterprise.  These things are the wealth of the population of. the province, but they are rapidly  being "turned into the private property of  others, many being aliens, who through our  own wealth so alienated are laying an enormous tribute upon us.  Socialism, says some one. Not at all, only  common sense political economy. It is time  we had done with the madness of giving  away the people's wealth. It is time we had  done with the asinine policy of building railroads and then of giving them away to private  concerns.  This in no sense refers to the f moment's  struggle, for the matter is not to the fore by  either party. But it is a matter for the careful  thought   of   the   electors.  The question has come to this, not what  set of trustees shall we instal at the head of  the province, but how shall we limit their  power to alienate the wealth -^of the province ?  What guards shall we secure for the conserva-  PROVINCIAL ELECTION  THE time of the elections apparently has not  - yet been announced and the newspapers  X are beating time waiting for the announcements. The candidates are lining up in part and  there is at least a probability of numerous en- .  tries for the race. &  All signs point to the conclusion that the  electorate are not taking the matter very much  to heart, the assumption being apparently, that  the present government will be returned again  to jjower. X  Great issues arc not to the fore at this time.  The continuation of the railroad policy, and  the following out of the general policy of the v  government seems to. be the course  expected.  An effort has been made to secure Dr.  Mackay as the standard bearer of the Liberal  party. It appears that the Doctor is not a  party man in the strict sense of the term.  That while he was ready to consider the ^  heading of a coalition of. electors from the  two camps, he was not ready to tie his hands  and  influence  to either party.  This .js what might have been expected ,  from a man of Dr. Mackay's standing and  views. If there is one thing that is required  of the clergy, it is that they shall stand between all, and hold out a helping hand equally  to all. This could hardly be done by a man  of well developed party',, prejudices. No matter how well party organization and party  government may serve the turn of the form  Of government under Which we dwell, it may  be doubted if party government serves just as  well the turn Of the Kingdom of Heaven.  Therefore, men trained to serve at the altar ,  of the latter will usually find it 'difficult to  align themselves with a belligerent party in .  the  affairs  of the  Kingdom  of Men. .  The Doctor might have been a great acces-.  sion to the strength of. the Liberal party as  he would be to the strength of "any party, but  for hunself, as would any other man with similar training,.he would have found the road a  Via  Dolorosa. '  '   x:\    * ;'' - ���������  *  I  5?  Mr. H. H. Stevens, member for Vnjaeouver, is ^  highly pteased over the fact that.gj^'i$Hijjf$i-trl y '���������"  ed in the supplementary estima^j������^l%;i^4^jt^tv  tional���������vote for the torbor work|/ttf������;taM  ��������� merits 'at Vancouver City.   Jri m^^^^k^^fiM^  that they are the smallest supplementary eatim- VX,&%t&���������  ates for years the votes are surprisingly laVge,' 'jx'X^'"^'  and show that the government intends to vigor-   ,.  ���������".'  ously prosecute these undertakings.   For the harbor works there is a vote of $350,000.   The main  estimates contained a vote of a million as well.  In addition there is a vote of a hundred thousand  dollars for improvements in the North Arm of-  the Fraser River.   <  Jf*  ALTHOUGH the offices are not busy in real  estate matters, owners of property in town,  especially in the Kitsilano district, report  that they are receiving considerable enquiry for  building^\ots^-^^^---^^=-^-'^^^^=^-  -   -- ���������  The prices offered are low as may be supposed, for this is the beginning of the movement back to normal again, and those who have  the cash for investment expect to profit by low  prices in putting out their money at this time.  The offers which have beenVmade so far have  been cash offers. It is a sign of the basic confidence, of the people in the real value of city  property that there have been many refusals of  low prices.  Those who would take the full benefit of the  low prices will have to act soon as the return of  activity will be sudden when matters in Europe  have passed a little further beyond the time of.  crisis.  Signs  are  not  wanting  that  already passed and that nothing  grind of the forces employed will  bring about the end.  ln the meantime the man who  riotisin by hastening the return  activity himself or loaning upon  to the man who -is prepared to  doing well by the community.  It is said that there is on deposit in savings account in Vancouver over a quarter of a  billion dollars. Well, this is not a benefit to  any one, but conservatively invested it might  be made a benefit to all.  If this is a true estimate and if Vancouver is  a^sample of the money condition of other places  then when these large-sums seek investment  there will be interesting times.  the crisis has  but the steady  be required to  shows his pat-  of constructive  first mortgage  build will be  tion of that wealth and how shall we see that  the administration of the enormous wealth of  the province is carried out for the profit of the  people  rather  than  of  private  individuals.  We do not- hesitate to say that if they  were to set their mind to it, out of the wealth  of the province there could be secured profits  for the people by tins government which would  obviate the necessity of provincial taxation at  all and a handsome balance in the treasury  besides.  Perhaps not without some years of preparer  tion.  but  it   could  be   done.  J THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, April 2, 1915.  "%       * tX  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  JBaggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 845  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  BUREAU OF INFORMATION  FOR SOLDIERS'RELATIVES  News of interest to every relative and friend of the Canadian  soldiers who are now in France  and of those who will in the near  future be in the zone of operations has been received at the head  office of the Canadian-Red Cross  Society from Colonel^, Hodgetts,  Canadian Commissioner in London. He has complied arrangements for the Information Bureau  to forward particulars regarding wounded and missing Canadians. Thjs week will not conflict with the official returns but  will .supplement them by furnishing subsequent information to  relations as to their conduct and  progress. The work,will be carried on upon the same lines as the  British Red Cross and with their  Co-operation. XV  A short time ago an Infprmat:  ion Bureau was started in cpn-  , nection with the British Red  Cross Society to keep relatives  and friends of wounded and miss-  ing British soldiers, cognizant of  their progress and whereabouts  It was felt that a similar scheme  might be started by the Canadian  society and the message received  from the Commissioner shows  that this has been done.     ���������:'/���������.���������'  There must be few people in  this country who do not each  morning scan the casualty list  to see whether any of those dear  to them have been wounded, or  in some cases killed. Now that  the "princess Pats'/ are in the  trenches and part of the expeditionary force is either in France  or on its way there and will therefore soon be in the firing line,  these lists will be watched with  even greater interest than before.  The names that we wish least of  all toseearethose of "the killed,  men who have fallan on the field  of honor; to look down the -column of casualities and see the  name of one wounded is almost  a relief for he might have been  "missing;" the wounded list conveys no uncertainty; it is true  and one accepts the news with  more hope.  A new field of work has now  been opened for the Red Cross, a  Work that will commend itself  to every Canadian and especally  those whose brothers, sons and  husbands have crossed the water  to fight in the great Armageddon.  It will be a relief to many to  hear that something has been  done to trace those who have been  lost in the war and to inform relatives of. the progress of the  Wounded. The Red Cross in  France now has an officer whose  sole; business is to search. No  doubt it will mean the saving of  life, as there must be many sick  in France and villages where  ther\ are no trained doctors or  nurses available. .  XV''������������������'���������-.-,  From the Department of Milita  and Defence nearest relatives receive the official intimation, necessarily so curt and. coldly impersonal, a day or two before the  name is published in the casualty  list. They are told by the authority that when further information is receiveditwill be communicated to them. Weeks past'by.  They write to headquarters arid  every friend they have in the expeditionary force, but up to the  present y no adequate machinery  of search has been devised in  the case of those who are .not  kriown to be dead pr prisoners  of war or wounded in hospital.  TJhe officer whose busineris it  is to trace the missing will go to  the trenches and find out when  men were last seen! Iri tracing  down one man he is certain to  come upon the traces of. others.  Even if his quest pleads him to  a stone or a cross under a wayside tree he will earn gratitude.  By this new arrangement with  the^British" Red" CrossXSociety  the relatives of men in the Canadian contingents will be kept in  constant knowledge of the progress that their wounded relatives or friends are making and  will also, where humanly pos-  ible, be told the whereabouts of  those who are officially reported  as "missing" '  THE   SIEGE   OF   PRZEMYSL  The city contained at the time  of its surrender no less than nine  generals, 93 officers of the general staff, 2,500 officers and 117,-  000 men. The figures are official,  and are given by General Kus-  manek, the commander of the  garrison. The authorities of the  Russian war office are as much  astonished at the extent of their  haul as the world at large. The  city assuredly had not so great  a garrison when the siege was  begun: on September 22. The  Austrians, it will be remembered  made a drive toward Przemysl  in mid-October, and actually  forced the Russians to evacuate  their positions to the west of the  beleaguered city. For two weeks  thereafter the city was not really  under siege, and the garrison  could have marched out at any  time. Instead of doing so the  Austrians took advantage of the  partial raising of the siege to  rush in provisions and ammunition. It becomes evident now  that they rushed in also many,  thousands of men, far more than  they expected to have to feed for  five months. Przemysl was the  prey of famine and lack of hospital accommodation.      The gar  rison in early November must  have numbered at least 150,000  men. The desperte struggle to  relieve the city by a mid-win ter  campaign in the defiles of the  Carpathians is explained by the  muster roll of the men who surrendered. Berlin and Vienna  knew what a great prize Przemysl was; Petrograd did not.  Austria-Hungary now lies open  to a Russian general advance,  which, it is asserted, has already  been begun in the direction of  Cracow. The Russians are in control of the Lemberg-Craeow railway as far as the Donajec river,  immediately to the west of Tar-  now. They are but 42 miles from  Cracow, and a week's vigorous  campaigning would enable them  to invest that city. This move  to the west, if decided upon, will  not be permitted to draw strength  from the Russian armies in the  Carpathians, which are now definitely gaining the upper hand  and driving the Austro-German  army back to the southern slopes  of the mountains. A few more  days campaigning to the south of  Kolemea in southeastern Galicia  should force the Austrians to vacate Bukowina as hurriedly as  the Russians did two months ago.  PROHIBITION IN  GREAT BRITAIN  Prohibition as drastic ' as that  prevailing hi Russia to-day faces  the United Kingdom. .Press discussions of the letter sent by David Lloyd George, the chancellor  of the exchequer, tto~ the ship  owner's federation competes successfully in point of interest with  the news of the sinking of the  .British liner Falaba by a German  submarine with the loss of more  than 100 lives.  The employers are backing  what. Mr. Lloyd George terms  "root and branch action" even  to the extent of promising to  seal their own wine cellars and  to prohibit the use of intoxicants  at thfir clubs, while labor leaders are equally anxious for the  institution of. some prohibitory  measure.  "We are fighting Germany,  Austria and drink, and so far as  I can see the greatest^ of these  three deadly foes is drink," said  Mr. Lloyd George, chancellor pf  the exchequer, replying to a deputation of the Shipbuilding Bm-  Sloyers' Federation, the mem-  ers of which were unanimous in  urging that, iri order to meet the  national requirement of the present time, there should be a total  prohibition during the period of  the war of the sale of intoxicating lioqurs. This should apply  not Only to public houses but  also to private clubs so as to  operate equally with all classes  of the community. .XV v-:  It was stated that despite the  fact that the work was being  carried on night and day seven  days in the week, the total working time on the average in nearly  all the British shipyards was actually less than before the war,  and the average productiveness  had decreased. There were iriany  men doing splendid and strenuous work, probably as good as the  men in the trenches, but many  did not even approximate full  trine, thus disastrously reducing  the average.  Notwithstanding the V curtailment of the hours they are allowed to keep open, the receipts  of the public houses in the.neighborhood of. the shipyards has  greatly increased, in some cases  40 per cent.. As an instance, one  of many similar cases, that of a  battleship coming in for immediate repairs was cited. She was  delayed a whole day through the  absence of rivetters, who were  drinking and carousing.  In one yard the rivetters had  been working on the. average only  40 hours a week, and in another  yard only 36 hours.  In conclusion, the deputation,  which included' representatives of  the leading shipbuilders of the  country, drew attention to the  example; set by France and Russia, and urged upon the chancellor the need of drastic action.  XFhe- chancellor- of Vthe .exchequer, in the course of his *eply,  said the reason why the government had not heretofore taken  more drastic action on the liquor  question was because it needed  to be assured that it was not  going averse to public sentiment;  otherwise more harm would be  done than good. The government  must feel that it had every class  in tlie community behind it when  taking action which interfered  severely with individual liberties.  But now, he was sure that the  country was beginning to realize  the gravity of the situation.  "I have a growing conviction,  based on accumulating evidence," continued/the chancellor, "that nothing but root and  branch methods would be of the  slightest avail in dealing with the  evil. I believe it is the general  feeling that if we are to settle  German militarism, we must first  of all settle with the drink."  Mr. Lloyd George intimated  that Lord Kitchener, the secretary for war, and Field Marshal  Sir John French, in command bf  the British expeditionary forces  oh the continent, were of the same  opinion and he promised to lay  the statement of the deputation  before the cabinet. He said in  conclusion:  "I had the privilege of an audience with /His Majesty, and I  am permitted to say that he is  very deeply concerned in this  question���������very deeply concerned  ���������and the concern whieh is felt  by him I am certain is shared by  all his subjects in this country."  For Sale or For Rent Cards, 10c Each  AUT0CRAT-WITH  A DIFFERENCE  There would be peril, very serious peril, to all the institutions  of 'British freedom were not1 the  autocracy just now exercised by  Lord Kitchener entirely subject  to responsible government and  the free will of the people. Autocracy of any kind is never without danger to freedom. It is  only hy safeguarding at every  point the rights of.^civilians that  Britain will escape from the present crisis without the sediment of  military autocracy staining and  corrupting her democratic freedom. ��������� V>    /  One story going the rounds will  illustrate. It has to do with Lord  Northcliffe, himself. something of  an autocrat among newspaper  publishers. Like most other  newspapers, The Times, The  Daily Mail, and others in the  long line of Northcliffe journals,  were badly handicapped in their  war stories by the heavy hand of  the press censorship. Most Lon-  dori editors resented, the straining of authority by the censor.  One day Lord Northcliffe announced to other members of the  craft that he had three war war  stories which he would publish  next day in spite of the censor's  refusal, and that he would "tell  Kitchener so." .The interview  was arranged at the war office  for 11 -am. Northcliffe showed  Kitchener the three stories fqr-  bidden by the censor, and told  him he would publish those despatches next day and take his  chances with the British people.  The light blue eyes of the War  Secretary never blinked, narid  there was no mistaking what he  meant when he said: "Lord  Northcliffe, you will not publish  those despatches to-morrow morning, and at 4 o 'clock this afternoon you will have a letter here  ori my desk, signed by yourself,  saying that you will riot publish  any despatches refused by the  censor^ or you will publish nothing at all in your papers tomorrow morning:" The letter  was there at 4, and the despatches were not published next morning.   ���������;������������������  This story may or may not be  true, and, without discussing the  merits bf this particular piece of  military government under conditions then obtaining, it is plain  that under other conditions such  interference-with the freedom of  the Press would be a menace to  freedom of speech and to the interests of free government, Which  would, mean disaster to democracy.  What makes the difference in  Britain is that Lord Kitchener' is  a member of a responsible government, that for his conduct he  is responsible to the Prime Minister and. Cabinet,'and has no power  as Secretary for War apart from  that delegated to his office, that  for his conduct the Prime IVfinis-  ter and Government are responsibly "directly to the Xftouse uf  Commons and that each member  of the House of Commons is directly responsible to the electors  W . his [ constituency. Since the  veto power of the House of Lords  was taken away there is no  block in the way of the British  people. The authority of the  government is "broad-based upon  the people's will." There can  be no military despotism, because  the Army and Naval Annual Act,  under which military power is  exercised, must be re-enacted as  a statute by parliament each year.  Conduct that looks like autocracy must have democratic authority and approval. Kitchener  is an autocrat, but with a democratic difference. The power is  with the people.  X  THE OLD FISHER'S ADVICE  AT  WESTERN   CALL   OFFICE  ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH  Cor.  Broadway  and Prince  Edward  Si  Services���������Morning Prayer at 11 *x.xn.  Sunday School and Bible class at 2:*'  p.m.  Holy Communion every Sunday at 8 a.ra  Evening: Prayer at 7:80 p.m.  and 1st and 3rd Sundays at 11  *���������������*>  Rev. o. H. Wilson, Rector  Follow your fish, lad,  Follow  your fish!  Ye'11 ha'e your wish, lad,  Ye'll ha'e your wish,  When he is beaten  He'll come tae the net,  Follow your fish, lad,  Follow him yet-  Follow your aim, lad,  Follow your"aim,  Aye play'the game, lad,  Aye play the game.  When ye deserve it.  Ye'll ha'e your reward,  Follow your aim, lad,  ���������Follow it hard.  Follow the right, lad,  Follow the right!  Ye'll ha'e a fight, lad,  Ye'll  ha'e  a  fight. '  When ye are daunted  Be humble and pray;  Follow the right, lad,  Follow it aye!  Don't Procrastinate���������Plant Soon  The British Columbia Apples, in a world competition, captured the  Gold Medal Prize. This��������� means, that the B. C. orchards will lead7the world.1  A word   to  the wise  is  sufficient.  We are offering choice varieties of our one year old apple tree stock  at Ton Dollars per 100; two and three year old stock reduced accordingly.  Our other fruit tree-stock and general nursery stock we give: 30; per cent.' of  catalogue price, allowed in additional stock.   Cash to accompany order.   ;  In our stock o^ over $100,000; we have everything you want to make]  your orchards greater and your gardens more beautiful; Catalogues mailed]  free  on  application.  Patronize home growers, and build up a home pay roll.  ROYAL NURSERIES, LIMITED  Head Office, 710 Dominion Bldg., 207 Hastings St. W. Phone, Sey. 5556  Store, 2410 Granville St., Phone, Bay. 1986  Nurseries and Greenhouses, Eoyal, on the B. C. E. By. Eburne Branch,  Phone, Eburne 43  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  Office Phone:  G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rianufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  X  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver, B.C.  THAT NEW STORE  LEE BUILDING  169 BROADWAY E.     1  A complete line of Old Country Newspapers, alsdrthe leac  ing  Eastern   Canadian   and   American   Papers^  ���������  Free   Delivery   Seattle   Sunday   Papers  ���������-Magazines--:  W. Calder  P. Chapman  Office Telephone f Sey.  5933  5934  Merchants Cartage Co.  EXPRESS,1 TRUCK AND DRAY  Orders by Mail or Telephone Promptly Attended to.        ���������  Peed and Sales Stables: 146   Water   Street  716 Cambie Street      Phone Sey. 3073 VANCOUVER, B. C.  Chew Your  PQNT WVT IT PQWN  18 Shelly's 4 X Bread is so delicious the .kiddies are  tempted to swallow it in chunks. Have" them  chew their bread, as well as other foods. Shelly's  4X Bread is rich in gluten, thus its noui'ishing  value! It is sweet and delicious. Try a slice and  chew it for nourishment and flavor.  ��������� Phone Fairmont 44, and ask us to deliver to your  door, or ask your grocer.      -~  Shelly's 4 X Bread  AT HOME  AT THE CLUB  AT THE HOTEL  Ask for  The Health-Giving  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes  THE HUDSON'S HAY COMPANY  SOLE  IMPORTERS fesarcr^KKCMsiK^  ������cS_5_E  -\  XvX  Friday, April 2, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  WESTMINSTER MAY  STILL BE IN LEAGUE  Last week we published an item  regarding the dissolution of the  famous New Westminster lacrosse  team. Since then, however, the  wires have been kept hot with  announcements and denials, and  it now seems that the'Salmonbel-  lies will be dn the map again this  year. The old lacrosse spirit has  awakened on the banks of the  I, Fraser, according to report, and  r some of the old timers will be at  the helm again. Charlie Welch,  Herb Ryall and Wells Gray are  taking an interest in the lacrosse  boys and the Minto Cup may  again be up for honors in the  coast league.  Just now Victoria seems, on  paper, to have the nucleus for a  first class .team, while Vancouver  can be depended on to put a  [, strong team in the field.  Comment on sport in general  lyin British Columbia is timely, es-  | pecially so an regards the great  national game of the Dominion.  During 1911 and 1912 no better  lacrosse   was   played   anywhere  [) than out here, but the. spirit of  jealousy^' and greed appeared to  ��������� surmount that of fair play, with  H the inevitable result, the killing  of the game. Good keen rivalry  is greatly to be desired in sport,  but the regrettable fizzle of the  professional   game   here   lost   to  |; lacrosse many staunch followers.  Now it seems as if a revival  p were imminent, and if this proves  true, the teams ought tobe made  to understand that ho defaulting  Jf,or rowdy work will be tolerated.  I Strict laws governing the  game  land the elimination of rough and  |bratal tactics on the field will go  "a long way towards establishing  the game on a sound basis.  the Mann Cup will ever be sanctioned by the Canadian Association. It was declared at the annual meeting .that the trustees  had not kept faith with either the  Ameteur Union or the C.A.L.A.  and it was impossible to do business with them, as the, dealings  with Mr, Lally and Mr. Killer  were regularly negatived when it  was believed that a common  ground had been found.  The meeting of the C.A.L.A. in  Winnipeg last week decided to  go on with a new trophy, and the  Amateur Athletic Union, whose  ruling the trustees rejected last  year after -agreeing to accept  it, will not lend its' help any  longer to get the trustees out of  their difficulties.  %  BASKETBALL        *  AT THE Y.M.CA  >  Fifteen Teams will Compete for  Provincial Titles This Week  No Competition For Mann Cup  ��������� -       ������ ������������������ '���������'���������       ��������� >.  As an emblem of the amateur  |; lacross championship ofr Canada  the Mann Cup seems to be farther away than ever from recognition by the only body that can  award championships, the Canad-  * ian Amateur Lacrosse Association. For months negotiations  were carried onXbefrvveen the  trustees and the Ameteur Athletic  Union of Canada, with k view to  Bl>,v (settling the difficulties in the  of recognizing the Cup as a rep-  X, resentative trophy, and apparent-  ; ly" a satisfactory issue    was in  | sight.   Some unforeseen obstacle  or unintelligible delay always intervened j though, before the Cup  | control of the trustees was loss-  |ened, and it is improbable that  |j| they will ever voluntarily turn  the Cup over to the C.A.L.A.  That such is the policy of the  trustees is now realized, and it  may be set down as practically  ..settled that no competitions for  WESTERN LACROSSE  ASSOCIATION FORMED  The Western Lacrosse Association was officially organized Tuesday evening at a largely attended meeting of British Columbia  lacrosse enthusiasts assembled in  the Oak Bay Hotel, Victoria. The  following were elected, officers of  the new association: Hon patron,  Sir Richard McBride; hon. president, Hon. W. J. Bowser; president, W. E: Moresby, K.C., Victoria ; vice-presidents, Harry Morton, Victoria, and M. J. Barr,  Vancouver; secretaryltreasurer, A.  P. Garvey, Vau^uvisr-���������; f-cotmeil,  John Virtue aJ^"^#^|E. Ditch-  burn, Victoria, and A^F. Mac-  naughton and M. J; Barr, Vancouver. , .- X  After some' discussion it- was  decided to write the Minto cup  trustees and ask them to put the  cup up for competition between  Vancouver and Victoria as was  done in 1901 in the east when  Victoria and Ottawa battled for  the much sought "for trophy.  It was also suggested that, following the deciding of the western championships, the cup be  competed for annually between  the eastern and western champions, the first series to be played in the west in the- fall of 1915,  as the trophy has been in the  west since 1908.  The members of the winning  team will -be presented with stickpins by Mr. John Virtue, the honorary president of the Victoria  team.  Fifteen junior basketball teams,  representing^ Vancouver, Victoria and Ne\v- Westminster, will  compete for provincial championships to-morrow and Saturday in  the Y. M. C. A. gymnasium'. Foun  teams from, the Victoria High  School and a Church League have  entered, while the New Westminster "Y"*' team is coming. Several  Vancouver teams will compete,  including Britannia H. S., King  Edward H. S., Crescent Class of  Mt. Pheasant Presbyterian Sunday School, Grandview unattached and the Y. M. C. A.  At the close of the game on  Saturday evening medals and  shields will be presented to the  winners.  X  There are. five teams entered in  tbe 110-lb. class, six in the 125-lb.  class and four in the 134-lb. class.  FLAT RACING TO  CONTINUE IN ENGLAND  War Will Not Stop Famous Races  at Ascot and Other Meets Although. Considerably Limited.  Federal League Opens April 10  Having spent the gueater part  of two days in session, the Federal League Club owners express  ed themselves as satisfied with  the result of. their labors in preparing of the playing schedules.  The season will open on April  10 with Buffalo playing at Brook  lyn; Newark at Baltimore; St.  Louis at Chicago, and Pittsburg  at Kansas City. This is the  only positive* statement made by  any of the  officials.  __._.__^^^_.__-^_^_________  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  I   3   f:tr^V  START THE NEW  ...On Friday, April 9th, at 8 p.m.  the Y.M.C.A. will hold their annual exhibition in the association  gym. Owing to > financial stringency the exhibition willjjnot be  on such a large> scale as the previous three years, but a good programme has been worked up.  Drills, maze run, apparatus work,  gymnastic dancing, etc., will provide an enjoyable evening's entertainment. '        '  Victoria will likely be awarded  several of the British Columbia  swimming championships this  season. ���������' Vancouver had the provincial meet a year ago and the  capital athletes are anxious to  have it this year.  THE WESTERN CALL  ���������WHAT IS IT?  ���������JThis is a natural and legitimate  question .to ask and we want  every citizen to ask it.  IfThe question can be as readily  answered by every citizen as by  ourselves, but to do this you must  have it delivered to your home  each week. This can be done by  becoming a subscriber and the  payment of. One Dollar annually  in advance.  |I You will not regret making this  clean, Jive, progressive weejcly  one of your home papers. Old  and young alike may read it and  the children will find pleasure  and pi'ofit in its contents.  IJWrite or phone John T. Stevens,  Mgr. Circulation Dept.       -  KITCHENER'S WAY  YEAR RIGHT ...W  H������____I___3__g_5JS_r/  by presenting your good  wife with an up-to-date  motor washing machine and  ball-bearing wringer; one of  ours will please her.  We have a complete stock  of Clothes Dryers, Washboards, Wash Boilers, Tubs  and Clothes Pins.  We deliver promptly.  WROwetit Morrison  The IVlt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  The despatches from London a  few days ago, telling how Lord  Kitchener had interfered in the  dock laborers' strike, and had  "smoothed over'- the difficulties,  recalls how the great soldier settled previous^trik^in'fivei miif  ���������rites:' .��������� V  -,' . v  A certain well known firm recently obtained a large contract  from the war office. To ensure it-  being carried out to time, it was  necessary for the work-people to  work overtime. This they were  perfectly willing to do, being  paid at the union rates.  After a few days the secretary  of the trade union called upon  the head of the firm concerned,  and advised him that unless the  overtime was stopped all hands  would be called out. As there  seemed no way out of it the employer concerned went to the war  office and succeeded in seeing  Lord Kitchener and placed all  the particulars before him.  Lord Kitchener asked, for the  name and address of the  trade  union man and said," Be hei'e to  morrow at eleven o'clock."     At  that,time the next day, Mr.  The Jockey Club announced  officially its decision that .flat racing is to continue in England this  season under drastic limitations.  The social feature of Ascot is to  be eliminated, the Royal enclosure is to be shut and no special  trains are to be run for any of  the great racing events. The advisability of confining racing to  the mornings also is under consideration. '  The decision as to. Epsom  Downs has left the stewards with  power to apply to the Jockey  Club for a total abandonment of  its season, as the prepondering  feehng displayed at a large  meeting of members was in favor  of. such a course.  The abandonment of racing  generally would inflict enormous  losses on places wholly dependent on racing, and it was announced that King George will  not attempt to start any of his  horses at Ascot.    (X  the Duke of Portland, who  was not present at the meeting,  wrote favoring a temporary suspension of the racing season,  dwelling upon the serious national crisis and urging that nothing  ought to be allowed to distract  the attention and energies of the  nation from its supreme object.  The Marquis of Crewe wrote.urg-  ing a continuance, saying that  the interf erence with railway  traffic should be avoided. The  difficulty of adequately policing  the meetings was considered and  the sale of intoxicantg was ordered reduced. It also 5was assumed that all social extravagances  will be unlikely to be displayed  during the war. ,  ��������� The Earl of Rosebery, who has  been strongly in favor of tlie continuance of racing, made a speech  advocating the continuance unless  it could be shown, as he believed impossible, that such a course  was likely to impede the efficient prosecution of the war..  The stewards of the Ascot  meeting announce that they now  are considering whether or not it  will be practicable to hold the  Ascot meet in view of the altered  conditions imposed for the decision of the clubs.  The Jockey Club decided that  the 1915 season will open at Lincoln as scheduled.  Certain restrictions had to be  made for the meetings at Ascot  and Epsom5 owing to the grand  stands having been turned into  temporary hospitals for wounded  soldiers. ,  It is quite certain that King  George will not attend any race  meetings while the war continues.    . ���������__-  /Patrick's ice arena has closed  for���������the--season,r andXhe hockey  champions of. the world have  hung up their sticks, some having departed for other places for  the summer It has been a splendid. advertisement for the city to  have the "champeens of the  world" located here, and it will  be more interesting when the Ot-  tawas send along the Stanley Cup  for safekeeping for at least a  twelve months. Patrick, Taylor  and Griffis are the only three of  the champions who will sojourn  here during the summer.  See Us for Quality Printing  was admitted into Lord Kitchener's presence, the trade union  man being also there.  The following conversation  then took place:      X  Lord Kitchener-���������" Now, Mr.���������  kindly repeat what you told me  yesterday as briefly as you can."  Mr.-������������������ did so.  Turning to the trade union man  Lord K.'said, "Mr.-���������-,- are these  the facts as stated?" '  "Yes, my lord, but it is strictly against our rules to "  ���������Lord  Kitchener ��������� "Are     the  facts right?"  '' Yes, my lord; but  "  Lord Kitchenei*���������" If you. call  those people out on strike, I will  get you seven years under the  Treason, Act for-preventing the  supplying of His Majesty's soldiers. GoodXinorning, gentle-  imen."  Bob Brown has his ball team  here now in training for the  opening of the league next month  opening of the Northwestern  league shortly. A number of  new faces will be seen on the  lineup this season and the follow-  lineup for the game against the  University of Washington team  to-morrow is a probable fixture  for the summer Pappa, r.f.; Coleman, Gislason, 3b.; McCarl, Chris-  tianson, lb.; Brinker, c.f.; Wotell,  l.f.; Hammond, Coen, shortstop;  Grant; Gloomer, 2b.;. Brottem,  Jones, Crookall, c.; Reuther,  Hunt, Doty, Kramer, Smith. Col-  well, Osborne, Eddy, Miles, Shall-  cop, Zwifka, pitchers.  Considerable interest is being  evidenced in Vancouver regarding the outcome of the Johnson-  Willard fistic encounter in Havana, Cuba, next week. It would  be a good thing for the boxing  game to have the title change  hands, but just how Willard expects to reach the negro with a  sleep producer is. hard to figure  out. Johnson, no' doubt, is slowing up somewhat, but he seems  to have the edge on all the white  hopes as yet.  Quality in  Stationery  VOU realize the favorable  impression created by  the letterhead, that, because  of its dignity and richness,,  stands alone in the mass of  your morning's mail. Naturally you desire your correspondence to have an equally  pleasing effect upon your  customers.  rpHE many advantages of  ������������������" striking, distinctive letterheads are generally realized. But in spite of a keen  appreciation of these facts,  the prpblem of securing really effective letterheads without unwarranted extravagance is a real problem.  THJS problem may be easily  solved by giving your  Printing to the TERMINAL  CITY PRESS, LTD. Quality  is the outstanding feature in  all our work and our prices  will fit your ideas of economy.  "EWE Job Printing is an  ���������f art; and perfect work  can only be acquired after  years of experience.  WE PRINT  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140  203 KINGSWAY  0-  > ',.- THE WESfclBN   CALL  Friday, April' 2, 1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  H. H. STEVENS, M. P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C  ,   Telephone; Fairmont 1140.   SUBSCRIPTION:  One, Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  fllf you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  THE FIGHT AGAINST ALCOHOL  ALONG with, and partly because of, the  vigorous and what promises to be the  present war, there has developed the most  most effective campaign against alcohol which  the world has ever seen. The intensity of the  great struggle for national existence, the vast-  ness of the interests involved, and the vital  nature of. the struggle, have brought out into  boldest relief the real nattire of the liquor  traffic, and have demonstrated with remarkable clearness the fact that that traffic is essentially unpatriotic and is the ablest ally of a  nation's  foes. v  Promptly upon the outbreak of war Russia  ostracized the traffic in vodka, arid the results  of that most radical step have been so marvellous that it seems probable that Bussia will  . never again be persuaded to tolerate the traffic,  which while pretending to enrich the State does  so only by debauching the people, and at a  financial loss put of. all proportion to the  revenue   received. - >       >,  France, also, at the beginning of the war,  forbade the sale of absinthe arid similar liquors during the war, and the result was so  \ favorable that the temporary prohibition has  been made; permanent. Not only so, but a fuiv,  ther decree has been issued that,; unless under  exceptional circumstances, no more licenses shall  be issued for the sale of any .spirituous liquors.  The French Academy of Science is now canning on a campaign to still vfurther restrict the  traffic in intoxicants. In a recent address M.  Beinbach, the well-known publicist, declared for  a radical and complete suppression of all spirituous drinks, arid also for the suppression of  all private distilleries. France is evidently moving towards prohibition.  Britain, unfortunately, has been much slower to move in this matter, and during the present war the government has contracted for over  500,000 gallons of rum for the use of the soldiers, and more than half of this has already  been sent to France. The plea is that this is  r really a medicinal supply, and that it is an ab-  ; solute necessity to the soldiers as a protection  against cold and dampness. Sir Victor Horsley,  - speaking on behalf Of-the Army^MedicalXJorps,^  remonstrates against this most mistaken kindness, and says in an article iri the British Medical  Journal: "I stake my professional reputation on  my declaration that rum causes loss of resistance to cold arid is a cause of chilliness, misery,  arid frost bite. It also causes loss of resistance  to such diseases as pneumonia, dysentery, and  typhoid."  And only last week, Lord^ Kitchener, \n ap_  pealing to the nation to utilize all its abilities  and energy to produce the necessary war sup-  plies, pointed out cautiously but clearly that iri  some cases the temptations to drink account for  the failure to work up to the high standard expected.  And Britain's Chancellor, Lloyd George, gave  his opinion of the drink traffic in the emphatic  sentence that "Drink is doing more damage to  this country than all the German submarines  put together." Surely Great Britain had better  listen when her greatest physicians, soldiers, and  statesmen say the same thing and give the same  warning. -It is too much, perhaps, to exptrft  that Britain will be wise enough to forbid the  . sale of intoxicants during the war, but there can  be no question that if she did, the fighting  efficiency of her soldiers and the productive  capacity of her workmen at home would be safeguarded against a very real danger.  And in Canada, also, we are moving all too  slowly in this matter for our own good. The  traffic in intoxicants is made a revenue-producing one, and this hides the fact from some that  V the traffic is one of the heaviest financial incubuses which a nation can be asked to bear. And  our license system, while in part prohibitory, is  also monopolistic and tends to build up fortunes^  for a few out of the degradation and destruction of many. And yet the trade already seen  the handwriting on the wall and the united action  of temperance men and women in every" province has greatly.curtailed the traffic, and will,  we trust, in the very near future wipe it entirely out of existence. John Barleycorn has.  received many hard blows, but none harder than  those dealt him since last August.  It is pointed out that Canadians are the  largest buyers of imported gods in the world.  Buy goods "made iri Canada"; it is time"to get  the habit.  MOBILIZATION OF  BRITISH INDUSTRY  Morning Post Urges the Prime Minister to Undertake It���������Mr. Asquith Criticized for  Alleged Lack of Vigor in the Direction of  ���������War. ������������������  A despatch from London says: XUnion-  ist journals are attacking Prime Minister  Asquith for alleged lack of vigor in his  direction of the war. The attack was begun by the Times and by J. L; Garvin in the  Observer, and is now taken up by the Morning  Post, which says:���������.. "In these days, when the  nation is troubled in mind, body and estate, and  when all patriotic spirits are engrossed with  care for the safety of the realm, we are entitled  to address a stern call to the head of the government. Lord Kitchener, at the war office, has  driven the old-fashioned machine until it creaks  and groans. He has^ done wonders in creating  new armies' and maintaining them in the field.  While the immediate demands of the situation  must have engaged every hour of the field marshal's day, we should have thought that the  first minister of. the crown would have surveyed  and measured the necessities of the future.  ,." Several months ago, we were told the war  would strain all the resources of the community.  Several months ago, we were advised the war  would be a long one. Until the last fortnight,  has any minister looked into the organization  of those industries upon which .the successful  prosecution of the war absolutely depends,-or  inquired into the potential expansion of their  output?  "During the long printer months, has it never  occurred to the prime minister to ascertain the  ability of our armament establishments to supply  munitions of war adequate to.the increased arid  increasing necessities of our. forces by land and  sea ?   Apparently it has not. X  "The powers which, as prime minister, he  should have sought, have at length- been taken  over by the chancellor of the exchequer, and a  minister burdened with cares of an important  department has stepped into the place of his  leader, who has none. .^i>.  '���������) "We would make an earnest appeal to Mr. H  Asquith. Although precious time has been lost,  he- can repair some of the consequences of. rie-  glect. Let him be kindled by the , occasion .''and  rise to the full dignity of his position in; the  state. Let him press on the mobilization of  British industries arid, the rapid irianufactijre of  munitions of war.'  GETHSEMANE  Thank God for a Gospel which includes:-|the  Passion Week. .X ���������������������������'���������'..;���������-.������������������';i<-���������--.  .   Had the Son of God cairie to the earth, lived  ��������� His life and passed again into the heavens 'with-,'  ;' out having tasted of suffering and death, how  should the world have looked to Huh for sympathy and for help in these days of the nations'  1 Gethsemane?  But there was the lonelyVwatcl}, the bitter  passion, the heartless betrayal, the mocking, the  scourging, .the false condemnation ahd the cross.  How these things fit now into the world's needs;  "For. we have not an High Priest who cannot  be touched with feeling of our infirmities, but  Who was in all things tempted like as we are,  ket without sin." X ~ -   r ���������  Having suffered Himself He knoweth hovtiVto  -succor   those   whi������   are   tempted.   To-day   the  shadow- of-the-cross is-over-aft^^  ���������������"������������������'���������'��������� But the Cross and the tomb were succesded  by theresurrection, and the time of the Besur-  rection is nigh.  There will be' a new dawn. Sorrow must  continue as long as this generation lasts. But  for the allies it is not sorrow unmingled. . The  death of those of ours who die is the death of  heyoes. Honor perches and abides upon the  graves of our slain.  But the sorrow and madness which must be  the heritage of our enemies will be hard to bear.  'Their death is the price of an attempt to enslave the world Their fight has been marred  by bestial lust and devilish cruelty. The responsibility of the war and the cowardice of the  methods from the first to the last has graven  dishonor deeply into the history and into the life  of the survivors of the Germanic peoples.  Worse than the death pangs, worse than the  bereavement must be the everlasting shame of  the foe. A shame which would have poisoned  success, a shame which inust a thousand fold embitter  defeat.' ..  But worse than all may be a moral callousness which will not be conscious of. either the  defeat or of the shame.  THE NEWSPAPERS  s  THEBE  appears. to. be  as  great  an unrest  in the newspaper circles of the town as  there is in the political field.  "   New dailies are the order of the day.      !.  ~  The Times appeared suddenly on the streets  Then the Journal made its appearance ariiid  the blowing of������������������-horns, shall we say,, or������������������of  "his own horn" as usual.  The Daily Globe is to appear we understand.  The w News-Advertiser passes under other  management.  What   in- the   world  will  become   of  "The  World?"   '.-,'- X X    '  Among it all the Western Call goes on the  even  tenor   of   its   way.  -  The war taxes begin on April 15th.  ,���������>���������:"'  OF A BRITISH TAR  . *���������  Late R. N.  Copies of this interesting booklet of topical verse, which have  been published from time to time,  X    :.     '���������   . ���������       '..-"   . '    '       "       -    "    ���������' ���������'"-  ���������' X     '   ��������� ���������������������������   ���������'; X '..'    '���������"  can now be secured at the office  the Western Call, 203 Kingsway.  LIMITED EDITION  / ���������  25c PER COPY  J^ORTRANSTORTIOiJ  AND RAILROAD BUILDING  ;   ���������'.:'���������-"   "XXV   ���������"'���������''   ________XXX   .'"���������'.'   'V   ' "������������������ ;  Except for trunk lines the time for the construction of tram lines and branch railroad lines  seems to be gone and the company or government which undertakes new liabilities on that  line is taking a great risk. .'"..-/���������  X' ' While in England in 191^, a company appeared before the railroad committee of the house  of commons in support of an application they  had made for a charter to build a new railroad  ' line in Britain. ' "��������� .,-.    X'     V:X  ��������� Opposing the bill appeared a representative  of the motor bus transportation company operating in arid around London.  This representative showed_ the committee  that the.tram companies could on the roads already existing handle both goods; and passengers more rapidly and at much less expense than  a railroad could do. The cost being so much  less inasmuch as the orily cost the tram company is at is for rolling stock and actual operation, while the railroad has to build, equip and  maintain  a special  road. "  ���������Xln���������this ^country-there should- be ^thc-same-  kind of development. The valleys of B. C. will  be easily equipped with trunk roads usable alike  by all kinds of traffic, and upon these foadsvthe  motor truck, or tramca,n deliver goods and passengers to the railroads and cities at much less  expense than can be done by the building equipment arid maintenance of ^branch railroads.  The vast sums of m6ney saved frorii riailroad  building and invested in good public roads will  suffice to fully equip the province in this regard.  The tram,companies of this country will do  well to prepare to switch oyer to that system  oi transportation. It has come to stay and will  replace the rural tram line and the small branch  railroad most surely. ���������������������������-  LLOYD GEORGE  ';.. Lloyd George is the greatest man in the British empire.  This reriiark made by a friend of!  mine to-day reminds, me of the story brought]  back by a visitor to Wales. |1  His friend accompanied him to the station]  to say good-bye.   While waiting on the platform*  for his train, a gentleman arrived and with evj-1  dent exciteinent the host pointed him out to his  guest saying, See, see, there is Lloyd George.^  Failing to_ make the impression on the over-  seias visitor he explained that is Lloyd George.I  the chancellor of the exchequer.  Well, what of it, said his guest; he is riotj  Almighty God. is hel;v    -''''"  No, but give him time, give him tim-~-  was the  reply. .''.'������������������.���������". X  Ordinary stamps may be used for the increase  in postal rates. This is a wise provision. A special stamp would mean the maximum of inconvenience for the minimum of revenue.  TUJS I.00W3 ENCOUJtAGWG     x^  Canadian Loan Over-Subscribed ��������� Subscription Lists Close With Complete Success,  London, March 29.���������The subscription lists  Ifor^tfenew^amdl^  closed early to-day^ which implies that it was  over-subscribed. On this point, however, there  is no official information. The loan was at-  tractive in its terihsX    VI  It is suggestive of the beginning of the end'  of the war to read a news item from Omaha;.-'  that two  hundred carloads  of  pig lead  have,,'  been shipped to New York fpr export to London,  to be converted into six hundred million rifle  ; bullets of. standard weight, to be used on the  fighting line, arid one feels prompted to ask how ���������  long Germany can keep up the struggle against  foes so well equipped as this indicates.  The Kaiser is reported sick again. The spring!  medicine the Allies are fixing up for him should  put him back to a normal condition.  FIGHTING- FOR THE FLAG���������MEMBERS OF 31ST B.  X" AT  THE   FBONT  C. HORSE NOW ���������. *4-*'<!i-������T**r   u, >Sv  ���������^&MRWS5lg^.!y^:i<;������ar.is*^  Friday, April 2, 1915.  THE WESTEBN   CALL  !  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������*������������������������������������������*���������  1  < >  4 ���������'  'ii  4>  4 >  4>  IN  f 4 .  ������\4  4 .  ���������������>  Our Vancouver Kipling  ONE OF US  *  4  He  was*  ragged,  down* at  heel,  And he hadn't had a meal���������  Or a wash I shouldn't think for quite a year,  But his step was firm and light,  And his eyes were clear and bright,  Though he may have had a drop or two of beer.  n-   ..;.'  He had dropped in social scale���������   , ���������  And did nothing only fail X'";'  But once he knew his country needed men,  He just polished up his boots,  Brushed the raggedest of suits, -  And proceeded to a depot there and then.  III.  He joined up right enough���������  He was just' as hard and tough  As a "pug" who'd been in training for a fight  He  was  rough-haired and square jawed  And he once had been a fraud���������  But he left the past behind him in a night.  IV-  He was marched off to the front���������       X    -  Glad to bear the battle's brunt  Whilst  the  thought���������I'll  be  a  man���������rang  in  his ear  Stepping out, too, square and proud,  While an apathetic crowd  Of wasters tried to raise a feeble cheer.  In the trenches over there "->  He was actings on the square  And beloved by all his comrades in the line  With his face hard drawn'and set  He would light his cigarette.  And repent the wild days of "Auld Lang Syne."  VI.  "I  want a volunteer,"  Said the Colonel's voice so clear,  "But it's ten to one he'll sacrifice his life,''  Then he quickly said, "I'll go,"  Which he did, as we all know,  And they're sending home the V. C. to his wife.  ���������W. A. ELLIS.  ��������� ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������������������������������������������������������������������������  A>  -4 4  HEATI-NG EconotM?������,c,ency'  Our Business has deei hull! up. hv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating .Engineers.  1095 Homer St. Sey. 661  _,'  ���������:   ''"     ."''���������''       V                ./''���������'��������� '.'.' :"       '-'  '   '/  XXX V   The  "  j   .*������������������������������������  ���������������������������  Teiephone  The Advance Agent of  COMFORT ATO OOinrUNXBNOIS  -  *  Forms a closer union of Home,  -'���������.-.' iJ  Business and Friends."  -  <5 For a limited time, Business or  Residence Telephones will be in  stalled'upon^ payment   of   $5.00  Rental i_i advance.  ���������     9      ���������  ^ For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  BC. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  ,,   :V"X       :������������������,'���������'-   -  V  -        \                                             .������������������-'.-.                  ,  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942.  1101 Dominion Building.  THE METHODIST TABERNACLE  IN LONDON, ENGLAND,  WHICH COST  OVER  $5,000,000 TOj, ERECT  TXXBBB  BBftlTUnOM  Governing: Timber on Dominion land*  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, tbe  North West Territories, the Railway  Belt in the Province of British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres Located, by the Dominion  in the Peace River District In British  Columbia.  XalOSBMS  A license to cut timber on a tract not ''  exceeding twenty-five, square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction, a rental of $5.00 per square  mile, per annum., is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of������  Yale in the Province of British Columbia on which the rental Is at the rate of  5 cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section 10 of the  regulations.  Timber remits aad  Permits may be:granted In tha Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners'of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile In extent, on payment of dues at  the rate of 60 cents per thousand feet,  B.M., and' subject to payment of rental  at the rate of $100 per square mile, per  annum. ���������  /,.������������������.���������'���������-. ;.-���������������������������  Timber for Some������tead������rs  Any occupant of a homestead quarts*  section having no timber of his own  suitable for the'purpose may, provided  he. has not previously been granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut the quantity of building and  fencing, timber set out ln Section 61 of  the Regulations.  W. W. CORT,  Deputy of the Minister of the Interior.  BROADWAY AIDS  KING'S DAUGHTERS  Manager Gow Will Give Special  Shows on Wednesday and  Thursday���������Billy Ritchie "on  Monday.  KIRK AND CLABK  TO RUN Hj WARD ONE  Billy. Ritchie, the king of film  comedians, will be seen on Monday at the Broadway theatre in  a new L-Ko entitled "Billy's  New Pall." 'Although Ritchie  is old in years he has not lost  any of his agility and can make  as many funny capers in a minute as some comedians could  make in an hour. Christy. Ma-  thewson, the famous pitcher of  the $few , York Giants, spends  some of his time working for the  movies while not playing ball,  and will be seen in a comedy  drama "Love and Baseball."  "The Collingsby Pearls," a  two-reel Eclair feature, will head  the bill . on Tuesday. Manager  Gow has decided to make Tuesday comedy night, and will show  no less than four comedies.  Wednesday's and Thursday's  shows will be for the benefit of  the Silver Gross Circle of. the  King's Daughters. The /program  will include tlie Pathe three-reel  production "Shadows of Doubt,"  Gabrielle Robinne, of the Come-  die Francaise, Paris, is starred in  this drama, which was made at  the Paris studios of the Pathe  Freres. The story, which is based on "the eternal triangle,"has  been; beautifully -drawn' in the  film, and the picture has been  taken-to -develop���������4he ^cleanest  and best principals. Much of the  story has been made to centre  around the child of two in the  triangle. It is One of the most  beautifully produced . pictures  that Has been shown for some  time, both for interior and exterior scenes. A special matinee  will be put on Wednesday afternoon.      X  The eleventh episode of the  "Master Key" will head the  week-end bill Friday and Saturday, which will also include Mary  Pickford in "Sunny Spain.".  Little interest wits attached to  the nominations for the vacancy  oh the city council for Ward L,  occasioned by the retirement of  Mr. W Hepburn, which took  place at the city hall Wednesday.  The names of only two cand-  dates were put forward, and these  were declared nominated. They  were Mr. Ephriam James Clark,  retired, proposed by G. R. Gordon and seconded by C. N. Davidson; and Mr. Thomas Henry  Kirk, retired, proposed, by E. W.  Leeson, and' seconded by J. F.  Malkin.  Definition of a Boarding-House  Strawberry Short-Cake:  A circular solid, every point in  whose perimeter is equidistant  from the strawrberry.  Over a million and a half, dol  lars in dividends was paid by  mining companies in British Columbia last year. Four campan-  ies, the Consoldiated Mining and  Smelting Company, Granby Consolidated M. S. & P. Company,  .Hjedley Gold Mining Company  and Standard Silver Lead Company, contributed to the total of  .$1,689,3.31. The Consolidated and  the Hedley companies have also  paid dividends for the first three  months of this year.  REPORT WAR RISK  LOSSES SMALL  Premiums have been paid to  the   United   States   government  war   risk   insurance ^bureau   to  date amounting to $1,750,000,* and  losses have aggregated only $670,-  663,  according  to  an  announcement./  The loss may be considerably  reduced through salvage  of cotton in the cargoes of some  of the steamers lost. " The bureau had outstanding policies aggregating  $18,000,000   out  of   a  total of $66,000,000 written since  the war began. Its earned premiums to  date amount, to  about  $1,250,000.   Several ships insured  with the bureau have gone to the  bottom recently from other causes  than those incident to war, so the  bureau has earned premiums  on  these ships, despite their sinking.  In the last' few weeks comparatively   f������w   policies   have   been  written.  tmtormn or coa&  MOU&ATIOBft  [  g rights of the Dominion,  Saskatchewan and Alberta,  ,   Coal minln  in Manitoba,  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portin of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term of twenty-one years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2669 acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made   J  by the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district ln which  the rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described'by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Bach application must be accompanied by a fee.of $5, which will be refunded if the rights applied for are no_|  available, but not otherwise. A royal"  ty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of 6 cents  per ton.  i The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being,, operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lense will include the coal mining  rights* oa.iy, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the  rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands. \  , W. W. CORT,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid foi.  STJWOS BY "JJTNUV" 9VB_  An action against the City of  Seattle for compensation amount?  ing to $20,500 has been started  by Victor Clements, the claim being on account of injuries sustained by the plaintiff when he  was struck by a' 'jitney "bus on  a Seattle street. Action is  brought against the city on the  ground that it permitted its  streets to be used by automobiles  which acted as common carriers  and were operating without regulation or franchise, thus making the streets dangerous for persons lawfully using them as thoroughfares. Should the court sustain tfie claim of Mr. Clements,  it is probable the city will be  made the defendant in a large  number of cases for damages because of injuries sustained by the  operation of "jitneys" within  the last three months.  "ROUGH ON RATS" clears out  rats, mice, etc. Don't die in the  house, loc and 25c at drug and country  stores. t.f.  WASH 1NGTON. P. C.  [���������Mill        I Mini  ���������������������������������������^������^������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������^���������������������������  gpnii^ ������Sk  ������  im tttH&iH  IMtmW H04MC  THE HOUSE OF AMERICAN IDEALS  HOTEL POWHATAN  NEW.   HREPROOF. EUROPEAN.  RESTFUL       REFINED.  Rooms with deUched bath,  f  Rooms with private katb,  REASONABLE.  $1.50 per dar ap  $2.00 per day ap  BeeUet A Hap oe rcqaest  C. OWEN  Manager  It,was Smith's first Sunday as  usher in church, and he was a  bit flustered. Turning to a lady  who entered, hp said: "This way,  madame, and I'll sew you.into  a sheet. "���������Boston .Transcript.  Nervous Wife���������Qh, Harry dear,  do order a mouse-trap to be sent  home to-day. ..  Hary���������But you bought one last  week.      ."������������������-.- ''������������������.-  Nervous Wife���������-Yes, dear, but  there's a mouse in that���������Pearson's Weekly. .  "Not big enough- D'yer know  'oo I am? D'yer know foive  year ago I was champion lightweight of Wapping?"  "I've no doubt you're a good  man; but, you see, you don't  come up to the required measurements, so I'm. afraid that's the  end of it."  "Oh, all right, then. Only,  mind yer, if. yer go an' lose this  'ere war���������well,- don't blame me  ���������that's all!' '���������Punch.  Phone Seymour 9086  Wljy Take Chances?  Ensure, the safety of your valuable papers, jewellery, etc., from  loss by fire and burglary by renting a  PRIVATE DEPOSIT BOX  in our Safety Vault from  $2.50 per Annum.  FIRE INSURANCE  ��������� ami  Dow, Fraser Trust Co  122  Hastings  Street  West  and  McKay Station, Burnaby  PUBLIC 80HOOL DESKS  SEALED TENDERS, superscribed  ^Tenders for School Desks,"  will be received by the Honourable the Minister of Public Work*  up to 12 o'clock noon of Thursday,  25th day of March, 1915, for supplying the following desks:  Single Peaks  ^Size^Nor=3"r^::^;^ '-.....7..250 ���������  Size No. 2 250  '���������', Single Bear*  Size  No. 2   100  Size No. 3  50  Size No. 5  25  The' desks are to be quoted at a  price   per   desk.  The name of the desk and maker  to be mentioned in tenders.  Delivery at Victoria or Vancouver  on or before 31st day  of July  next.  The successful tenderer will, free of  any additional charges, store the desks  and pack or crate ready for shipment to places to be hereafter designated from time to time to the order  of  the  Department.  No tender will be entertained unless  accompanied by an accepted cheque on  a chartered bank of Canada, payable  to the Honourable the Minister of Public Works, or by cash, in the amount  of two hundred* dollars ($200), which  will bo forfeited if the party tendering decline to enter into contract when  called upon to kdo so, or if he fail to  complete the  contract.  Cheques of unsuccessful tenderers  will be returned upon signing of eon-  tract.  The (Department is not bound to accept the lowest or any tender.  J. E. Griffith,  Deputy Minister of Public Works  and Engineer.  Department   of   Public    Works,  Victoria, B. C, 4th March, 1915.  Mch   23.  LAND ACT  New Westminster  Land  District,  District of Texada Island.  TAKE NOTCE that I, Joseph Artley,  of Vancouver, occupation engineer,  intend to apply-for permission to lease  the following described foreshore for  docking purposes: Commencing at a  post planted about one- and a half  miles from the southern point (on the  east side) of Texada Island, Jthence  following the shore line in a northwesterly direction to the head of an  unnamed bay (henceforth to be known  as Astley Bay), thence following the  shore line around the bay to the east  side, thence south-east for about 750*  feet.  . Dated  January 20th,  1915.  JOSEPH   ASTLET.  !  n  xa THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday,  April 2, 1915.  ���������mm?.  -������������������ -���������>>���������>'<-���������������������������,  -fl<<rri--\-  "Pride of the  =-==== BRAND=  99  OVERALLS. SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  .���������������������������"'���������Br'..   -,���������  MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO, LTD.  "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  Goods and the Money."  DAUGHTERS OF EMPIRE  TO HOLD "LINEN" DAY  The Pioneer Meat Market  Proprietor, Prank Trimble  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  Weekly Prizes Given Away  Phone: Fairmont 257  As a result of the energetic efforts of the members of the municipal chapter of the Daughters  of the Empire, there promises to  be a wholesale, whole-souled response to the appeal for old linen, when the house-to-house canvass of the city is made on  '' linen day,'' Tuesday, April 6th.  Since the executive of the Municipal Chapter of the Daughters  of the Empire first announced  their .intention of holding a  "linen day," on the Tuesday after Easter Sunday, to collect a  supply of linen for the military  hospitals in France, England and  Belgium, they have received  many communications and telephone messages asking for information regarding the plans. As  an answer to sqme of the more  [frequent queries, the committee  has requested the publication of  the following answers and suggestions : o  (1) "Can- we give money instead of linen?" Why-not spend  the money on some variety of  household linen and give it? You  will be helping your tradesmen,  as well as the hospitals. Cheesecloth is'only .five cents a yard,  and most useful in the surgical  wards of hospitals.  (2) "Shall ^tear up old sheets  and pillowcases K^ No, do not do  that. It may happen that the  sheets are fit ,for '' draw sheets''  and the pillow cases may be good  enough to cover small pillows  which give such ease to wounded shoulders and arms. Just cut  off the embroidery firom the neck  and sleeves of waists and send  the garments as they are.  (4) "Yes, towels are tremendously useful���������they are wanted  for all sorts of thiags. The improvised hospitals in France have  so little in the way of laundry  OANCEU^ATION  OF  BE8EBVE  NOTICE IS HEBEBY GIVEN that  the reserve covering certain lands in  the vicinity of Lund and other points  on the Straits of Georgia, by reason  of a notice published  in the ��������� British  Columbia Gazette on the 27th of December,  1907, is cancelled  in so  far  ss it relates to Lot. 4174, 4175, 4176,  4178. 4179, 4180, 4181, 4182, 4184, 4186,  4187, 4188, 4189, 4190, 4lSl, 4192, 4193,  4194, 4195, 4196, 4197, 4198, 4209, 4210,  4317, 4318, 4319, 4320, 4321, 4322, 4323,  4324, 4325, 4326, 4327, 4328, 4329 and  4330, New Westminster District.   The  said liOts will be open to entry by preemption on Tuesday, the 18th day of  May, 1915, at nine o'clock in the forenoon.   No Pre-emption Becord ���������will be  issued to include more than one surveyed Lot, and all applications must  be made at the office of the Government Agent at Vancouver.  B. A. RENWICK,      X  Deputy Minister of Lands.  Department of Lands,  " Victoria, Br C.-,��������� -^=-���������^-^���������;-���������-= --���������.  March llth, 1915.  NUK8ERY   STOCK   IN   PARK  conveniences, and it is hard to  keep a supply of fresh towels for  household use.  (5) '-It is a splendid idea to do  without that new pair of curtains and spend the money on  sheets for the wounded. Ask  for 'hospital sheets,' regulation  size. Of course they can use  double sheets as well. Everything in the way of bed-linen is  wanted.  (6) "Yes, it is an Easter, offering and a suitable one.  (7) "If you have a friend who  is a medical man, get him to let  you have a peep at some of the  medical journals, and you will  see how great the need is for any  sort of linen or cotton in the  military hospitals.  (8) "Sir Thomas Lipton has  taken a corps of nurses and doctors and medical supplies to Serbia. The rumor is that Italy, has  forbidden the export of any medical supplies, and Switzerland is  also hoarding all within its territory, in case of necessity in the  near future. Every factory in  Great Britain which manufactures  medical supplies of any kind is  running, overtime, but they cannot keep up with the demand.  Illness is rife and the civilian  hospitals are filled with refugees  who have broken down from the  terrible strain.  The Daughters of the Empire  have found it necessary to secure  a central office in the down town  district in order to carry on their  work with the least possible delay, and have secured a fine suite  of rooms (Suite 1) in the Pacific  building on Hastings street, between Granville and Howe Sts.,,  (except Saturday) from 10 to 12  a.m. and frorn 2 to 4 p.m. and on  Saturday evenings.  stating that the circumstances call  for vigorous action by the civic  the line of regulating and taxing  and municipal authorities 'along  motor vehicles to the same degree  as the street railway is l^egulat-  ed and taxed.  Eggs  and   Superstitions.  ARGUE!  Easter time is the season foi'  reviving quaint stories and customs about eggs. Some of the  less well known ones are that an  egg which has a double yolk1  should'- always be shared as  should a double almond, otherwise ill luck will attend the eater.  The number of signs of evil  luck connected with egg eating  are many. The superstitious custom of breaking an egg shell after eating the boiled contents is  said to date back to Roman times  when there Avas a belief that if  a witch, or a woman of that ilk,  should find the shell lying about  she would make use of it as a  boat and cause terrible storms  and shipwrecks.  One of the very pretty ways of  serving the ever popular deviled  or stuffed eggs at this season is  with shrimps. All sorts of  names are given to eggs refilled  ,with a mashed and seasoned yolk  and the following is one:  Mayonnaise Eggs with Shrimps  Take off the shell and cut in  half four hard boiled eggs. Mash  the yolks or rub them through a  sieve, and mix with them mayonnaise dressing and a little chopped shrimp. Fill the eggs with  this mixture and serve them in a  bed of cress, inserting the tails  of one or two shrimps in the center of each stuffed egg.  <5ello freal vjobaeco  Strawberries-���������50 varieties.  Raspberries���������13 varieties.  Seed Potatoes���������10 varieties.  Descriptive Catalogue FREE  'THE LAKE VIEW FRUIT FARM������  H.   L.  McCONNELL  &   SON  *  Port Burwell - - Ontario  TIMBER  SALE  X 356  Sealed Tenders ' will be received  by the Minister of Lands not later  than noon on the lSth day of April,  1915, for the purchase of Licence X  356, to cut 14,203,000 feet of cedar,  hemlock and balsam, on an area  adjoining Lot 928, Gilford Island,  Range    One,    Coast    District.  Five (5) years will bo allowed  for   removal   of   timber.  Further particulars of the Chief  Forester,   Victoria,   B.   C.  TIMBER   SALE   X   360  Some criticism as to nursery  stock in Stanley Park has been  made of late, and Mr. W. R.  Owen of the park board, states  that spraying operations have  been conducted by the board during the last 12 months. In his  opinion the infection came from  Indian orchards in the "park and  he says that complaint had been  made to Cunningham's office two  years ago in regard to these in  fected orchards, but that nothing  had been done. As to the condition of the spruce trees, Mr. Owen  said that the board was "fully,  aware of the conditions and the  Dominion government had been  notified two years ago and had  since been working with the park  board in investigating methods of  eradicting the pests.,  CANCELLATION  OF  BE8EBVE  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that  the reserve Covering certain lands in  the vicinity of Trail Bay, Sechelt, by  reason of a notice published in the]  British Columbia Gazette on the 27th  of December, 1907, is cancelled in so  far as it relates to Lots 4292, 4293,  4294, 4296, 4207, 4298, 4299, 4300, 4301,  4304, 4305, 4306, 4307, 4308, 4309, 4310,  4311, 4312, 4313, and 4314, New Westminster District. The said Lots will  be open to entry by pre-emption on  Tuesday, the 18th day of May, 1915,  at nine o'clock in the forenoon. No  Pre-emption Becord will be issued to  include more than one surveyed Lot,  and all applications must be made, at  the office of the Government Agent at  Vancouver.  R. A. RENWICK,  Deputy Minister of Lands.  Department of Lands,  ��������� Victoria, B. C,  March llth, 1915. 45, 4T  Yoiwg'Waji^Atfres1*4^Q������Suspicion of Bwiig Mysterious "Jealous Wife."  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE  &  GUTHRIE  Barrister* and Solicitor*  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British  Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  WAR WARBLINGS OF  A BRITISH TAR"  l. Our readers will be interested  to learn that the many bright  and topical verses which have  appeared from time to time in  The "Western Call will shortly appear in book form under the title  of "War Warblings of a British  Tar." Mr. W. A. Ellis, late R  N., the author, has given us pleasing lines under the different subjects, and no doubt the limited  edition will be eagerly sought  .after. Special copies will be on  sale at The Western Call office,  at 25 cents.  ROBIN REDBREAST IS  0URW  Could you, upon demand, with |fer wild fruit when they can get  your eyes closed, recall to mind, ,it, and advises the man who wants  What' is believed by the/ police  to have been an ingenious scheme  to manufacture twenty-dollar Union Bank of Canada notes led to  the arrest on a vagrancy sharge of  E. C. Hamlin, a young man, well  connected in the city, by Detectives McLaughlin and McLeod on  Saturday afternoon. It is expected that a more serious charge  will be laid against the youth  when the case is again called on  Thursday. Mr. Frank Lyons is today making application for bail  on his behalf which the police  are insisting be not lower than  $50,000.  The allegation is that Hamlin  wrote to several lithographing  firms in the city asking them to  manufacture a cut of a twenty-  dollar bank note. The letter purported to come from a'' prominent  society woman" who was jealous  of her husband and who desired  to place him in jeopardy by in  sorting these manufactured notes  in clothing.  The lithographers complained  to the police, and Detectives  McLeod and McLaughlin were assigned to follow />ut the directions contained in the letter.  These were that the lithographer  was to take the plates to Stanley  Park where on hearing a whistle  blow he was to drop them in the  shrubbery beside one of the paths  and keep on moving. If the plates were satisfactory the "lady"  was to remit the price of. the cuts  by mail.  When the detectives went to  the park they found young Hamlin loitering near the place where  they expected to find the "jealous wife" and after questioning  him arrested him on a vagrancy  I charge.  "and describe accurately enough  for. identification purposes, Robin  Redbreast, the cheerful compan7  ion of everybody, everywhere?;  put to the test at a dinner recently not one of the diners  could depict Mr. Redbreast in  a way to set him apart from his  bird fellows. And yet, Robin; is  the most common and familiar of  our birds, recommended by ornithologists as a convenient size  for comparison with other natives  of Birddom. His clear song is  held up to thebeginner inbird  study as a standard ofcbmparison  by which the student may learn  to distinguish the songs of other  species. ,  ILyou^havel any sentimejoLJleii  in your soul, at the mention of.  his magic name you will fly away  with Robin Redbreast to the land  of your lost youth, where old-  fashioned sweet-smelling posies  bloom in the dooryard and on  the limb of the old apple tree,  close by the open window, you  will hear him persistently calling  again and again���������far too early  in the morning���������'' Cheerily-cheer  up, cheerily-cheerup."  Is he not worth saving for his  beauty and good cheer, alone ?  Besides being a general good  fellow Robin is a most useful and  industrious citizen. Mrs. Robin  demands very fine glasses with  which to line her cosy nest, and  when the baby Robins arrive,  they have such enormous appetites keeps both Mr. and Mrs.  Robin on the jump to supply  their steady demand for fresh  earth-worms.  The Robins include in their  daily menu, white grubs, beetles,  cutworms, grasshoppers, crickets,  moths, ants, wasps, caterpillars,  larvae of the gipsy-moth, the  browntail moth, the forest-tent  moth canker worms, leaf-eating  and wood-boring beetles, wire-  worms and army-worms. It has  been noted that when Robins are  scarce, the army-worms advances,  and on the coming of numbers of  the Robins, the army-worm dis  appears.  Most laborers, ask more than  board and lodging for their toil  For all his useful services (for  which Robin only asks food and  shelter, and hustles these for him  self) some selfish and ungrateful  folk begrudge the faithful little  worker the bit of fruit he gathers now and than for himself, and  family. Uncle Sam is authority  for the statement that the industrious American robins really pre  his orchard free from insects, to  allow a few trees for the birds  or plant some wild mulberries  for these profitable tenants of  field and orchard. The Russian  mulberries, which ripen the same  time as cherries, are preferred by  the Robins to cultivated fruit.  "What barbarous waste and  cruelty," we cry, when we read  that the Roman Emperor, Dom-  itian, spent $25,000 for a single  dish made of the rare singing  birds. Yet in this era of. boasted  culture and civilization, there are  those among us Who take unfledged Robins from their nests and  fry them for food In parts of  the South, natives have been  known to kill as many as 100 a  clajr of V tl^Xttigrating XRobins^  In two states at present self-  interested persons are trying to  have the protective migratory  law declared unconstitutional,  and in some states the state law  protecting Robins is in danger  of repeal.  That's why, if you will listen  closely for it, you will notice that  the song of Robin Redbreast has  a note of sadness in it this spring.  His plaintive notes are appealing  to you to help save what are left  of his folks before it is too late.  B. 0. E. R. STOCK FALLS  One would hardly think that  the making of glass eyes would  be an important industry, yet so  it was in Germany,..which had the  monopoly of. the business. It included, of course, the making of  dolls' eyes as well as artificial  eyes for human beings. It is one  of the industries which has been  taken over by British firms since  the beginning of the war.  As in3 glass eyes, Germany had  the monopoly of many other by  Sealed Tenders will be received by  the Minister of Lands not later than  noon on the 12th day of April, 19145,  for the purchase of Licence X 360, to  cut 4,933;000, feet of Douglas fir, hem;  lock and cedar, on an area being expired T. L. 37126, Port Neville, Range  One, Coast District.  Three (3) years will be allowed for  removal of timber.  Further, particulars of the Chief  Forester,  Victoria,, B.  C.  TIMBER SALE X 366  Sealed Tenders will bo.received by  the Minister of Lands not later than  noon on the 12th day of April, 1915,  for the purchase of Licence X 366, to  cut 5,800,000 feet of spruce, cedar, hemlock and balsam fir, on Lot 1101, lying-  west of Kwalate Point, Bange one,  Coast District.  Three (3) years will be allowed for  removal of timber.  Further particulars of the Chief Forester, Victoria, B. C.  SCHOOLTEACHERS  MEET APRIL 6 & 7  The twenty-second convention  of the Coast teachers Institute  of British Columbia will be held  ways of industry, as well as "a j \n the Ri     j;dward High School  leading position in some of the {���������n*na��������� ���������# n<.ircfMO+ a���������A +wamv  highways.   These are now being  attacked by British and Ameri  can companies, and, in a less degree, by Canadian coinpanies. We  have discovered, in Canada alone,  that we can profitably make  many many articles right here  at home which, before, we ac  cepted from Germany as a matter of course. If we do not go  into the glass eye business yet  awhile, we are at last standing on  bur own feet, so to speak, in a  number of cases involving manufactures of more general use and  application. This is one of. the  good turns the War has done to  us.  Even the toys of our children  are becoming Madein-Canada,  while_6ur-patriotic postcards-are  no longer printed in Saxony.  Tourists and other souvenir collectors^ too, may soon have to  buy Canadian souvenirs made in  Canada in place of the once fa  miliar type of "Present from  Montreal���������made in Germany."  corner of Oak street and twelfth  avenue west on April 6 and 7.  The programme, as at present  forecasted, provides for addresses by many prominent in educational work on the coast.  Among those who will deliver  actresses are Mr. J. W. Gibson  M. A., director of elementary  agricultural eduction for British  Columbia; Mrs. Josephine Preston, superintendent of public instruction for the State of Washington; Rev. A. H. Sovereign,  chaplin of the Vancouver Schools'  Cadet Corps, and Judge Hbway,  of New Westminster.  "What  makes  you think  the  babyi is going^to be3=great_poli-_  tician?"   asked   the  young   mother, anxiously.  "I'll tell you," answered the  young father, confidently; ''he  /ian say more things that sound  well and mean nothing at all than  any kid I eyer saw."  Much alarm is felt by the investing public because of the capital loss represented by the fall in  prices of-British Columbia Electric Railway stock because of motor competition to which the company's lines are subjected. Should  something not be done speedily to  restore confidence, it will probably be impossible for the railway  to raise mosey for development  and difficult for other issues from  British Columbia to be successfully floated.  Preferred and Deferred B. C.  Electric stock have changed hands  at 50 for either class as compared  with the prices of 103, 107, 110  and 114 prevailing last June and  quotations of 92 and 100 on November 15, before motor competition prevailed. The capital loss  represented by the decrease now  amounts to between $9,400,000  and $12,500,000.  The company received 114 for  the stock now changing hands at  50 and many stockholders paid  150 for deferred and 120 for pre-  Several English publications  have   referred  to   the   condition  "Q. B." Means   Quigley   Brand  Sweater Coats.  "Q. B." Means   Guaranteed  Unbreakable Welt Seams.  "Q. B." Means "Made in B. 0."  by White Help.  The Vancouver Knitting Co., Ltd.  JINGLE POT COAL  WILL REDUCE YOUR FUEL BILL  ��������� ... j  MORE HEAT  LASTS LONGER. TRY A TON.  LUMP X  -     $7.00  NUT  -     $6.50  PEA       -  $4.00  SLACK X  -     $3.50  BRIQUETTES   -  -     $6.00  WOOD���������Choicest Dry Fir Cordwood $3.00 per load.  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour 5408-5409 Friday, April 2,: 1915;  . vx ':jjjjyy J- f^^i'^^y  HOUSEHOLD GOODS and OFFICE FURNITURE  OLDEST AND LARGEST STORAGE CONCERN IN WESTERN CANADA  CAMPBELL STOR AGE COMPANY  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE-SHIPPING  PHONE. SEYMOUR 7360. OFFICE 857 BEATTY ST. _g|_  Phone Sey. 1076-1077  Coal== Fire Wood  J. HANBURY & CO., LTD.  Oor* 4-th Avonuo and Granville St*  Wellington Coal, Cordwood and Plainer Ends  The Comfort  Baby's  Morning Dip  ������ r*OODNESS  VJ KNOWS,"  says the Comfort  Baby's Grandmother, "what  we'd do without  this Perfection  Smokeless Oil  Heater.    ,  "If I'd only had one  when you were a  baby, you'd have been saved many a cold and  croupy spell."  For warming; cold corner! and isolated upstaln noma, and  for coantlen special occasions when extra beat la wanted,  70a need the Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater.    r .  PERK  TION  HEATERS  Tbe Perfection ia light, portable, ine������pen������iTe  to bay and to use, easy to clean and to re-  wick. No kindling; no ashes. Smokeless  and odorless. . At all hardware and general  ���������tores. Ifook for tbe Triangle trademark.  Made iaCsaeda  ROYAI4TE On. is beet for afl urn  THE IMPERIAL OK. CO., limited  ISiisNs, aniiow, y*n*mm, Twwtt. Ottswe.  m  m  Hi!  ENGLISH BAY WILL SOON BE THE MECCA OFVANCOUVEBITES  HOUSEWIVES SUPPORT  B. C. CONSUMERS' LEAGUE  [MUTINY AT SINGAPORE  ENGINEERED BY GERMANS  'Returned  Missionary  Who Arrives at San Francisco Makes  Statement.   Germany engineered the mutiny of Indian troops in Singapore, which was followed by a  week's reign of terror last month,  in the opinion of C. C. Underbill, teacher of a mission school  in the Orient, who returned _ to  San Francisco recently. With  hini from the far east came  Rev. and Mrs. W. A.> Wells,  of the Methodist Episcopal Missionary Society and their tw6  children. They are the first eyewitnesses of the-revolt to reach  this country and all give vivid  accounts of their experiences.  "The mutiny broke out on the  afternoon of Monday, Feb. 15,"  , said    Mr.    Underhill.      "There  j were more than 700 troops in revolt   and   during   the   afternoon  they put all their officers to death.  After this, pendemonium reigned  in the city. The soldiers divided  into"little"^roups"and weutVabout  the city shooting down Europeans.  After the women had been taken froni the gity all of the omen  were given arms by the British  commander and sent out to combat the mutineers, who were  shooting all English and French  residents  on sight.  "Had the rebellious troops had  a leader, they tfould easily have  captured and held the city..Instead they divided into small detachments, and after two days  all were ronnded up by the British and volunteer forces. Many  of them were killed in this fighting. For two days following the  outbreak, Dr. "Wells and myself  were on patrol duty, while several other missionaries were in  actual  skirmishes."  > MORATORIUM ACT  ���������* NOW IN FORCE  A proclamation by the lieutenant-governor,  appearing  in  Friday's issue of the B. C. Gazette,  brings   into   effect   the   measure  jpassed at the last session of. the  (legislature  entitled  "An  act  to  /confer certain powers on the lieu-  tenant-governor-incouricil respecting contracts relating to land."  i   The    proclamation    authorizes  any judge of the court of the province in which an action or proceeding was pending on August  4, 1914, or has since been, or may  hereafter be taken, to secure or  enforce   any   right,   remedy,   or  obligation under any instrument  or  in   respect   of   the   lands   or  1 other interests mentioned or con-  -taied therein, to postpone the payment   of   any   moneys   relating  [wholly  or in part  to  principal  1 due, or accruing due, and to stay  any such action until after the  lapse of time named, by the order  of the court.  Judges are also empowered to  extend a measure to relief from  the payments of interest incases  where actions are " instituted  against persons occupying land,  as a place of residence.  Judges of county courts within  whose territorial jurisdiction no  judge of the Supreme court resides, are to possess for the purposes of the act the same authority and powers as any judge of  the. supreme court.  DEATH   ON  SERVICE  Suddenly at Lydd, Kent, on the  6th of March, Leslie Phillips  Smith, in his 22nd year (second  Lieutenant R. C. A.) only son of  F. P. Smith, Dungoyne, Helensburgh, and nephew of Rev. Mer-  Can we stimulate the consumption of British Columbia and  manufacture goods, thereby increasing the demand for labor.  Can we. educate the consumer  in all matters in connection with  foodstuffs ��������� their manufacture  and sale?  Can we bring producer, retail  er and consumer together to. the  betterment of all?  These are a few of the questions which the recently' organiz  ed "B. C. Consumers' League"  has taken upon itself to answer,  and with four or five thousand  women united in one big organization the founders are confident  that results will be achieved  which, besides benefitting enormously every member of. the  league, will help bring back to  the province its normal prosperity.  ."The -B. C. Consumers'  League," has wonderful possibilities," said Mrs. Ralph Smith,  whose efforts are responsible for  the inauguration of the localor-  ganization. "The present unhappy circumstances furnish an  additional reason for the attention of the women of Vancouver being turned in this direction  for at the present time about  $37,000,000���������money which we  need so badly���������is being sent out  of the province. What we women mostly need is more faith in  our own province, and in our local industries, and as faith is the  product of knowledge, the league  will devote part of its energies to  educating members in the romance of local industrial achievement.'  "This is the biggest movement  that the women of. this province  have ever undertaken," said Mrs.  J. C. Kemp, president of the League, "and is destined to be of  the most far reaching economic  benefit. Of course, while everybody.realizes tjiat \vomen do nine-  tenths ofVthe huyihg, our oboectVis  by no means to exclude the men  from the league, but to benefit by  their interest and co-operation.  " A big get together meeting is  being planned for next week,  when steps, will be taken to increase the membership by an  energetic campaign and. begin the  educational work."  Members of the B. C. Consumers' League pledge themselves to  live up to the following rules and  regulations as closely as possible:  Objects.  1. To encourage British Col  umbia industries and induce new  industries Yo establish by patronizing British Columbia manufactured goods and British Columbia products.  2. Failing British Columbia  goods then purchase in the following order: Canadian goods,  British goods.      '        \  3. To keep posted in wholesale and retail rates.  4. To bring (.producer, retailer  and consumer together.  5. To take an interest in all  matters in connection with foodstuffs'���������their manufacture and  sale, and carry on educational  campaign in schools, the homes,  etc.  Pledges.  1. Buy B. C. goods and products.  2. Pay cash or if not pay bills  promptly.  .   '   ��������� -   '  3. Shop as early as possible  and regulate by buying so as to  keep deliveries as few as possible.  British Columbia industries deserve-   encouragement   on   their  j merits, because their products are  ' of high quality and being right  here on the spot the manufacturer is obliged to substantiate all  the claims he makes to the con  sumer. ���������=  It is estimated that something  like $2,000 worth of eggs. $4,000  worth of meat, butter to the  value of $5,000, and $7,000 worth  of cotton and manufactured  goods is imported into this province each'and every day, and  these figures show the great scope  and possibilities of this' new organization.  A few short-sighted people have  protested against patronizing  home industry on the grounds  that, being Imperialists, it was  their duty to buy British made  goods. But anyone with an  ounce of brains can see that by  helping British Columbia he or  she is helping Qanada and therefore helping the <Empire. True,  Imperialism, like charity, begins  at home.  What Ottawa is Doing  Mrs. Henriette L. Wilson, president of the Ottawa Household  League, and national* convenor of  Household Economics N under the  National Council of Women, says  in a letter "You would find such  a league of much help in the matter of markets and sanitation of  shops. In Ottawa considerable  improvement has been effected in  the   latter."  no way proposing to antagonize  them. We all know prices have  risen fearfully, but it is no use  blaming one man, for that for  which no one individual is responsible.  "I think we shall find as we  consider and investigate that the  machinery has grown too incum-  brous���������there are too many, middlemen between the producer and  the consumer, and this state of  affairs has been permitted to grow  because we, the housewives, have  been slack and have not realized  that our work has all been quietly  taken from us and been organized and organized to the advantage of a good many persons and  the impoverishment of ourselves.  "CALI," COOK BOOK  Macaroni Sunshine Dish  A dish'of macaroni has been  called a "dish of sunshine" by  an enthusiastic eater enjoying  it on its native soil, where it is to  be had fresh every day.  Not enough is know about our  brands of this food, which we can  get much fresher than we can get  any foreign brand. One excellent brand, which advertises itself  as made of "pure semola, milled  from the genuine durum wheat  from which is acknowledged as  the only wheat from which the  highest quality of macaroni and  spaghetti can he manufactured."  To thjis it should owe its golden  color, and will cook beautifully  in the prescribed twenty minutes  allowed for boiling all such pastes  "In our Ottawa league," says when they are S������od-  Mrs. Wilson, "there are already  about 550 members, the subscription is a low one, ten cents annually, for which you get the  button and leaflet, and a share in  any advantages the corporate  body may be able to maintain.  "Among the committees formed is the "Shop Committee,"  which has taken the work done  by the Housewives League of the  United States as their model, and  MX? inMltuted an amateur inx  spection of all the 500 shops in  the city. Of course no shop  heed be inspected unless the proprietor chooses, but. those who  are well kept find it a distinct  advantage to be better known  and to possess the inspection  badge of the league.  "While speaking of the shop  committee, let me draw your attention to the items at the foot  of the leaflet:  "Members will be requested  'To pay all accounts promptly,'  well���������that is so obvious I hardly  need dwell upon it. But I have  heard that some people have been  known to let their accounts run  and.it is not only unfair to the  particular tradesmen, but to his  more honorable customers who  obviously must pay more if he is  to make ends meet.  "To plan their orders so that  one delivery a day is required.  Many of us are apt to consider  the difference between wholesale  and retail too great, but we don't  always consider that it is not net  profit, a merchant has many charges to meet, rent, employess, etc.,  but one of the greatest is delivery. No wit actually happens  that some houses call for as many  as eight deliveries a day. Now,  isn 't that awf.ul ' carelessness.  Seven unnecessary trips and some  body has to pay for that extra  amount of men and carts.  Then heavy Saturday orders  are only too prevalent. Let us  try and give our orders on some  other day and equalize things, j  A little forethought would make  it easy, if it were not for the insidious telephone we would have  to do so.  "I want to emphasize the fact  that we hope for the co-operation of the retailers and are in  It is a good thing that tomato  is not generally used with macaroni. It probably lessens *a  good deal of wholesomeness of  spaghetti. The meat gravies,  with some mushrooms, are in  flavor for both, but a plain white  sauce with half a cup of cheese or  more, is an excellent thing for  macaroni when it is to constitute  the only dish of a meal, for which  it is ample. The cheese adds protein in -vyhieh durum wheat is itself rich.- But macaronXcan be  prepared with even less trouble  as follows:     '.;..-  Plain Macaroni and Cheese.  Drop macaroni into salted boil-i cold  water.   When   nearly   cool  ing water, boil for twenty min- ��������� work till creamy.  SERVICE FIRST  OUR  one   thought   and  purpose   on  all   appointments   is  GENTEEL SERVICE.   We leave no details for your  care.  |U'R    CHAPEL    and    RECEPTION    ROOM  will   afford    you    any    privacy    you    may  desire.  MOUNT PLEASANT UNDERTAKING CO.  Phone: Fairmont 189 154 8th Ave. E. (near Main)  a  The Cost of Operating Electric Household  Appliances is Merely Nominal.  The following table of hourly costs has been prepared  with appliances such as we handle used for the test:  Coffee   Percolator  Zy2 Cents per Hour  Electric   Grill  4 to 5% cts. per hr.  Electric Iron  4 to 5 cents  per hour-  Electric Toaster  5 Cents per Hour  Electric Washer  3 Cents per Hour  N. B.���������The appliances are generally used, but a fraction  of an hour for cooking. The total cost for Iron and Washer  depends upon the amount of work to be done.  The   appliances  will  be  demonstrated  for  you  at  our  salesrooms.  B. C. ELECTRIC  Carrall & Hastings Sts.  1138 Granville St., near Davie  <���������-.���������-;������������������ %:-i  u  I  utes, and drain. Have ready a '  a buttered bowl, well sprinkled  with grated cheese, it may be  Parmesan or American. Put in  the macaroni, outer top���������sweet  butter is best���������and then sprinkle  or cover with grated" cheese. It  is better to eat this without further1 manipulation,, then to put it  in the oven, cooking the cheese on  top till stiff, when it is horny and  indigestable.  - Maple Fondant and Fudge.  Centers of all sorts, dipped in  melted maple fondant are common  and popular while maple centers  made of fondant and covered  with chocolate or white fondant  are quite as great favorites. '  One candy maker has nearly a  dozen adaptations of the maple  fondant,   Maple balls are made  by     immediately    rolling    into  small  globes ' the  cooked    and  creamed sugair, pressing a walnut  meat into  each  bail,  and  then   ,  dipping" the whole in chocolate'  fondant  of  glace.   Maple  drops  are the same thing By an easier  method. , Rounds of the fondant,  when beaten to the creamy stage, ,  are dropped from a teaspoon and ,  a'walnut pressed isto each.  Another kind of maple candy  is made by pouring a hot maple  syrup, cooked to fondant stage,  over white of egg, as in making  divinity fudge. This is then  varied by additions or nuts,  fruits, and flavorings, as divinity  fudge is. In any case the syrup  may be made with half maple or  brown sugar.  Recipe for Fondant  For a small amount or fondant  use one-half pound of. crushed  maple sugar and one cup granulated with one cup of boiling  water, and one tablespoon of  glucose, or a few drops of lemon  juice, or a pinch of cream of tartar. Stir until it boils, and if the  lemon or cream of tartar is used  add itrbutput the glucose in at -  the beginning. Boil to 240 degrees soft ball stage. Remove from  I fire and when it stops bubbling  ���������pour onto a platter rinsed off with  1  ���������\  1 \  8  THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, April 2, 1915.  ***4*********4***4***4* *+*+*+*+*********** **********  ? ' ' ���������.'���������'"' ^  I SOCIAL AND PERSONAL  t   ������������������;;-��������� '.- .., .x,vw.v:-  t********************+*+*+*+************************  Mount Pleasant Dramatic Society is putting on a benefit performance in aid of the Vancouver  Red Cross Fund in-the Imperial  Theatre, on Monday, April 12th.  The play is entitled "School," a  four-act comedy by T. W. Robertson, and an exceptionally  strong caste , will appear.  ��������� April being the anniversary of  St. George's Day, the sons and  Daughters of England are arranging a joint celebration to take the  form of. a whist drive and dance  The Oddfellows' hall, Main street,  will be at the disposal of the  Orders on this occasion. The  committee hope to make this gathering an enjoyable affair and  expect that it will be a grand reunion, not only of members of the  order, but also of their friends  and acquaintances. ~  Hearing a suspicious noise in  the Sanitary Meat Market, corner of Main and Broadway at an  early hour Wednesday morning  P. C. (112) McKenzie went to  investigate. As he approached  the place a man ran,out of the  f.ront door.-The constable gave  chase, but the thief sprang into a  waiting automobile on which  there was no number and made  good his escape. From the indications left by the burglar it was  apparent that the policeman's  timely arrival frustrated an attempt to completely clean out  the shop.  WOMEN'S FORUM  HOLDS MEETING  The South Vancouver Women?s  Forum (formerly the South Vancouver Women Voters' Asocia-  tion),) met at the residence of  Mrs. Wcfods, 1400 34th avenue  east, last Friday afternoon. General routine of business was  transacted, concluding with an  address by Mrs. McGill on the recent disfranchisement of women.  FIRE  DAMAGES  RESIDENCE  Considerable damage to building and furnishings was done in  a blaze which broke out in the  home of Dr. S. D. Scott. 396 14th  Ave. West, last Friday afternoon. ��������� The fire started apparently by a live spark from the chimney falling on the roof, shingles,  the blaze ate its way into the  roofv beams before it was discovr  ered and proved difficult for the  firemen to dislodge.  For- the Easter holidays the Pacific Great' Eastern Railway is operating special excursions from  Vancouver to Lillooet, the present terminal of the new line and  an augmented service . on the  North Shore line. The lakes and  waterways along the route of the  P. G. E. are said to afford splendid sport for the angler, and it  is expected that a large number  of rod and line devotees will  holiday in this manner.  "HOLY CITY" TO BE GIVEN  Gaul V 'tfloly City'' will he  rendered at,St. Michael's church,  cor. PrineeV;Edward and Broadway) on Good Tricky evening at  8.15. Thie ."choir, Xissisted by  friends, wiltihumber fifty voices,  and an orchestra of fifteen pieces  will be in attendance. The following vocalistsV will sustain the  solo parts ��������� Miss Beswick, Miss  Cobbald, k Mrs. Volimer, Mrs.  Dyke, Miss Gertrude Mawdsley,  Mr. Fairey, Mr. Hardy, Mr. McGregor, and Mr. J.; E. "Pacey.  Piano: -Mrs. Berrill; organ, Mr.  C R. Dawson; Conductor, Mr W.  H. Barton.  CIVIC CONTROL  OF EXHIBITION  Resolution asking the city coun-:  cil to transfer the'control of the  exhibition grounds from the Exhibition Association to the park  commissioners was unanimously  passed at a meeting of Ward VII  ratepayers tins week. Mr. Hill,  who introduced the: motion, stated that if,the money appropriated for the Exhibition Association  had been expended properly, Hastings park would be one, of the  greatest beauty spots and tourist-attractions anywhere. Until  Mr. Mawson came, the buildings,  he stated, had been' placed on  the sites most easily made available, withbut any architectural  plan and with no particular relation to each other. -  Custom Shoe Bepairiag  P. PABIS, Prop.  y^y.y  WORLD SHOE CO.  BEST SHOE REPAIRING IN THE CITY  Work  Done  While  Ton   Wait  .Work Called for and Delivered  Loggers', Miners', Cripples' and any Hind of Special Sboes Made  to Order  64 HASTINGS STREET W.  Pbone: Seymour 1770.  Next Columbia Theatre  VANCOUVER, B. C.  r- r * z X.  M ���������*. i. t   in  b c  Ave you going to  wear this winter?  Why  I  Uckie's, of Course  And I am going to see that my wife buys them  for THE BOYS too.   Thjey are the best to  wear and are made in Vancouver.  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY &  518-520 BEATTY ST.  CAMPBELL  VANCOUVER/B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  - .   Saddles, Closed Uppers, J~eggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUQQIES-WAGONSx Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  LEE BLOCK INVOLVED  IN SUIT ON MORTGAGES  An\ interesting legal argument  took J place between W. Bf.'H Ai  Ritchie, K.C., and G. H. Head in  Supreme Gpurt chambers Wednesday morning, and a portion of.  Chief Justice ���������; Hunter ?s finding  was to the effect that the Royal  Bank/had charged an illegal rate  of interest <)h its mortgage bit  the Lee block at Main street and  Broadway.,'; .-��������� ��������� ��������� V:.: X- ���������      -:'"r V X" ���������  The Hopper, Phillips Compaiiy,  Limited, Robt: J. Hopper and A.  R. Fanning, are suing the Royal  Bank, asking for a declaration  that the mortgage made by K. '0,  Lee, who built the Lee block, in  favor of the bank, is invalid &i;  against the plaintiffs asking f6r  an injunction restraining tlie  bank from selling the property  under the mortgage. Mr. Ritchie  made application for the- in june-  tion.on two grounds and was successful in one.kk- J'-:k'J: '���������X''���������'������������������������������������'��������� vX  In the first place; Mr. Ritchie  contended that the >ank had  loaned money on the security bf  land, which was contrary to the  statute. /His lordship held that  the mortgage came into existence  after the loan, when the means  by which Lee intended to pay  back the loan fell to the groiind;  As such it was a legal transaction. ������������������' V- v -; X .:���������'������������������������������������" ���������"���������"'��������� J/k  In the^ecbnclXptaee7'"SlrX|tit-  chie alleged that the mortgage  was invalid because the rate of  interest charged "was eight, although the statutes limited ^he  bank to seven. Mr. Head replied  to this by saying that this was  not a proper case for an injunction, as the bank was good  for any damages incurred. The  Chief Justice intimated that there  was sufficient authority for ah  injunction, whereupon Mr. Head  offered to lower the rate to the  legal rate of five per cent. Mr.  Ritchie intimated that he would  negotiate with the defendant on  that point.  LIBERAL PARTY  CANDIDATES  Six Well Known Men Chosen tp  Head Liberals In Coming  Election.  Ralph Smith, manager N.  Thompson and Company.  Malcolm A. MacDonald, barrister. - v  John W. Mcintosh, M.D., physician. v ��������� '  John W. DeB. Farris, barrister.  John S. Cowper, journalist.  Patrick'., Donnelly, manager  Canadian Financiers' Trust Company/  The above named.six men were  chosen at a largely -attended  meeting of city Liberals on Tuesday night in Perider hall. Only  one ballot was required and there  was an attendance of 294 delegates.  Ralph Smith, president of the  Vancouver City and District Liberal Association, presided at the  gathering. ������������������...  On the platform were H. C.  Brewster, Liberal leader, John  Oliver, M.' A. Macdonald and Rev.  Dr. MacKay. The latter made  the announcement that after carer  ful consideration he had decided riot to accept a nomination  in view of the impossibility at  present of forming a fusion party.  Dr. MacKay 's; name has been  freely mentioned of late in connection with parliamentary honors, but while pledging his support to the Liberal party, the  principal of Westminster Hall, decided not to go before the electors at this time. k,  The meeting was a most enthusiastic one, and Liberal supporters  were very sanguine over the outcome.: V ���������������������������������������������'' sV  GERMANS CUSS THE KAISER  Call Across Trenches to Canadians and Say They Won't Fire  --Boys  from  Grandview Are  jm wen.  /'^r^%,Wi.'-&i^4Xia?. of Woodland Drive, Grandview, recently  received, a letter from her son,  Upward, who is with the first  Canadian contingent, in which he  gives some interesting comment  on events at the front. The.letr  ier is from a point in France dated March 7th, where the regiment  had been for three weeks previous. Xfte mentions seeing several of the boys from Grandview"  including Hicks, who are all well  at the time of writingf.  "It. is quite a novel war ground  here. The Germans opposite us  are alwaysXealling and talking  to our boys. The only firing that  is being done is by the snipers.  While in the trenches recently  the Germans shouted out and  said, "If you don't fire \re  won't, and they are all cussing  the Kaiser and saying they wish  the war was bver. * The trenches  we^occupy-at-present^are ^nuddyt  hut we will fix. them up before  long and have a regular liome. J  am glad to say we have good officers and N. C. O's. in our company, and also in the other ones.  * * * I hope to" make a good  showing when the big war begins. Did you.hear that Victor  was sick in the hospital ever since  we came here. I don't know what  is the matter with him, but Joe  says he is getting better."  Major Victor Odium is second  in command of the first B. C.  contingent.  g ROADWAY  THEATRE  FEATURES FOB NEXT  WEEK  Monday, April 5��������� v  "Love and Baseball," showing Christy Ma-  thewson, the famous pitcher of the N ew York  Giants; "Bill's New Pal," with that real comedian, Billy Ritchie. _  Tuesday���������  "The Collingsl^y Pearls,?.- two reel Eclair feature ^ Drawing at 8.30 p.m.     ,-'���������  Wednesday and Thursday���������  A special bill in aid of the Silver Cross. Circle  of The King's Daughters, three-real Pathe's  photo-drama "Shadows of Doubt," a strong  moral drama; patriotic songs by W. MacFar-  lane MacGregor.  Friday said Saturday���������  Episode- No. 11 of the "Master Key" and Mary  Pickford in "Sumiy Spain."  special matinee Wednesday  LAWN   SEED  FERTILIZES  SEED OATS  Early   Bose   Seed   Potatoes _  Grace Darling Seed Potatoes ..   . ���������  Button's Beliance Seed Potatoes  FT. VERNON  THE MOUNT PLEASANT FEED STOBE  255 BEOADWAY EAST ^ "    Two Phones: Pair 186 and 878  Try Onr Own'Diamond Chick Pood for Best Besoits  jfiiiy   Bitcsie   at   the   Broadway   on  Monday  CARING FOR WOUNDED  UNDER SOUND OF GUNS  "Writing from his dressing  station, which is a deserted house  situated four hundred yards from  the trenches, a regimental surgeon very vividly describes the  conditions under which the men  are fighting. His dressing station is peppered with bullets at  odd "times. The letter was posted on March 7th.  '' Yesterday the Germans shelled the trenches and killed three  men; one lad eighteen yars old  was blown to pices. Dynamite  couldn't have been worse. Most  of them are shot in the head and  death is instantaneous,' he says,  and then describes the conditions  in the billets. "Monday the regiment moved into billets two  miles from the firing line and on  Friday night it moved into the  firing line. The billets -are bil^  lets in name only, mostly pig  styes and houses of farms that  are only ruins. Sanitation is a  thing unknown to the French  peasant at the best, and ������iow is  even worse.  We- marched 'to  the  trenches  on Friday night, or rather sneaked in. I took over--��������� dressing  station, and relieved him, as our  battalion alternates with his.  The first night I went into the  trenches I will never forget. I  had tov cross a fieldvlit\up. every  minute by Germaii rockets which  they fire over our trenches. These  rockets are followed by machine  gun fire and rifle fire. Finally I  reached the trenches and rolled  in. The mud gettingx10 them  and in them is ^iyere the men do  suffer. ..' ~y//':'  "My work is a sad one. Isit  ihthis little hole all day and Hs-  ten to shells fxom both sides going over me; The stretcher-bearers bring me the dead and wounded, starting their work after  dusk. It is \yeird to kriow; that  they are carrying dead and  wounded across v that field and  any minute ,may get it themselves. I' am glad to say 3they  have earned the praise- of the  \yhole battalion and have, been  warmly thanked many times in  the short time we have been here;  ������ have four of them in this shack  helping me. The only light we  have is a candle and shortly after dusk the room fills up���������some  sick, some dead, and some wounded, all so covered with wet and  mud and slime that you cannot  recognize them, but hot a whimper. Those that can return do  so. The wounded AI send back  to the hospital and the dead I  bury wb.en the chaplain cannot  come to us."  Fashion has gone back to mid-  Victorian times for inspiration  this year. Short, gathered skirts,  trimmings of buttons, braids and  velvet ribbons, and close clinging  bodices with modestly high necks  and sleeves of equal modesty, covering the arm, are all reminiscent of the early days of the  young Queen Victoria, and some  of the modern costumes are  quaintly like certain old-timey  frocks lifted from family treasure  chests for' comparison. Another  striking feature of the Victorian  period, notable ia this spring's  fashion is the combination of  silks. Plain and figured silks, or  striped patterns used with plain  silks are exceedingly, smart ���������  much smarter indeed than either  plain or patterned silk used  alone; and this fact should be  held in mind when yon set out  to purchase material for the new  silk frock. Do not be dismayed  at the vivid colors and striking  patterns of the new silks, at the  huge polka dots, as large as sil  ver .. dollars,; at the bewildering!  checks and stripes torhich are in]  such zigzag effects that theSjj  make one a bit dizzy if the' eyYfl  lingers top long, on the patterni  for most pf these7 silks are iri  tended to be used sparingly; ill  combination^ with a plain shade'!  in matching tone.  ..   .   ���������    '-������������������' .'���������������������������' \ ,  Little nosegays of gay ao\ox-\  ed   flowers   imposed   against  .aa  background of fine black lines are!  particularly smart and mid-Vic-^J  torian.     Many of the   charming!  ne^r   pussy "%ill6w  taffetas  for]  spring and summer use show these i  nosegay and stripe patterns, and  one especially ^quaint design has ]  small baskets of flowers scattered  oyer  a  finely  striped white1;  and blue ground. The prettiest of.  these nosegay silks have white j  grounds  on  which  the  delicate.  tints   of   the   flowers -show   up  daintily; for more practical silk.!  frocks  there  are pussy  willow!]  patterns in the new oblong or diamond shaped checks. These checks)  come in' printings of blue and  black, green and black, jorahg'*l  and black, sand and blue, and scj  on. X Particularly    smart    ar<|  some black and white patterns;!  borrowed from Austrian decorative motifs and called the Vien-'j  nese patterns. These, have 1 argej  black and'white blocked checfofi  and   printed   bl������ck   ahd   whit*  flowers     scattered-    oyer     th*l  checked ground or wavy black  lines   wander   across-   a   white i  ground hair-lined in black in a-I  design suggesting the undulations  marked on a chart by a seismo- \i  graph. r III  Bill���������"He asked Liz to marry  him before he had known her ten  minutes!"  Nell-*-" Naturally X -No man  would who had known Lii?  twenty!"  Mike and Pat were two Irish  friends���������and Democrats. One day  Mike learned that Pat had turnedj  Socialist.   This grieved and trou-N]  bled Mike, who said: Xi  "Pat, I don't understand this,,  Socialism. What is it, now?"  "Well,  it  means  dividing up,1  your property equally,'' said Pat  "It'8 this way: If I had two mil  lion dollars I'd give you a nriU.<  lion and keep a million for my-.',  self, see?"  "And if. you had two farms,j  Pat, what would you do?"     x  "I'd divide up, $fike. I'd^give  you one and keep one."  "And if you Had two pigs, Pat,!  would you share those, too?"     ),  "Now, Mike, you just go to tht!j  devil. You know I've got two  pigs!';���������Philadelphia Record.  I  Phone: Pair. 817  KEELER'S NURSERY  15th and Main Street     *  For Easter Plants and Cut Flowers, all in first  class   shape. ._,.'���������'.

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