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The Western Call Mar 5, 1915

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 V  -x \      -  ?��������� v  J    ,4  t._  W^*'  Published in the Interests of Greater Vajgouver and the Western People  5=S*-  ������_  '' V4'  ^   *  ���������r~ i"***V^A._  4 -     .*4- ���������<*<������,/>_  ' x^-x-x.  , _  >/ -   ,.  ; x -- -^  'V -������������������''���������- X|  *    _    "3MT  r 4   "  Volume VI.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, -FRIDAY, MARCH 5, 1915  JMj&ajWPt^jODy.  ISO. 43.  5H  [EW TAXES WILL  I NOT BEAR HEAVILY  ON THE INDIVIDUAL  '' The,word "Tariff" is derived from Tarifa, a  i>ort in Morocco, from which, in early times, a  )and of pirates used to levy dues on all ship-  ling within reach. Many people are still of the  Jinion that a tariff is in the nature of a hold-  to, hut at the best, no one likes to pay increas- .  Jd taxation,/least of all at a time when the in-  me' of most is restricted. It is, therefore, a  of the times that the additional burden  [faced upon the general public and the special  fixes imposed upon commercial activities should  (ave been accepted by the Canadian people without a grumble, almost without criticism by the  ijditical opponents of the government.  Nevertheless, it is hardly correct to label the  ^ditional taxation "war taxes," for in fact they  ,t!e not, and the revenue derived from them will  M be applied for payment of expenditure upon  nlitary or naval participation by Canada in the  iiar. The expeses of the war are being paid.  If Canada from loans provided for the purpose  IV Great Britain, and further loans for the con-  [tauance of the policy have been promised from  e same source.  Canada will, of course, have to pay the interim on these loans, but the burden does not fall  R_ our shoulders to-day.   The -necessity for the  lposition of new taxation arose from the dim-  hed returns from existing taxation, due to the  ^pressed condition of trade, and it would have-  gen imperative for the Dominion government >  I have raised additional revenue by taxation  fen though Canada had not actively participat-  J_ in the war,   The actual JForm of taxation mature little, as it is generally believed to he. of a  riporary nature, and although in the oJ>jnjon  experts some of. the minor dippct; taxes may  jjove more irritating than profitable, they are  lit" unjust, and will bring home to those who  Ihy at home in comfort a mere shadow of the  Valuation of the meaning of this war, the vital  Kbstance being the cause for which to many  Krtusands o* our fellow cit������s^i^gdne~wo������-w  jrd willing to sacrifice their lives.  A recognition of the necessity of imposing  fesh taxes to raise additional revenue does not,  Wever, blind one to the fact that in drafting  te customs tariff changes better attention migh  ^ve been given to the effect on Western in-  stries of the changes in duty rate.^The gov-  unent express the view that the 1% per cent.  Urease will undoubtedly be of benefit in stim-  [feting home production, but its effect upon cer-  Jin British Columbia industries is exactly tbe  Nrerse.  TO WAR  How jtimes jure, changed!   In _1876 the Jtus-  m army was at the Gates of Constantinople  {d D'Israeli halted them with 10,000 men tand-  Un Cyprus and the British fieet in the Bosporus.      ,  To-day in order to halt the Huns on their  Srch on Constantinople England has organized  lied and equipped an army of 3,000,000 men,  [Itside of Indian troops, and'��������������� the combined fleets  l.il the Triple Entente are blowing the forts on  |\e Dardanelles into pieces, whilst the Huns are.  It a thousand miles away from Constantinople.  f The interest of. the week has undoubtedly cen-  f'ed on the struggle between the land fortifi-  .tionand the fifty battleships in and around  .e Dardanelles. Here the greatest battle fleet  er engaged in the world's history, has been  Ottering at Ports that have been deemed im-  &gnable to' nava1 assault. So far, however, the  I naval guns have conquered and although  fj straits are not yet entirely freed, yet evi-  ice accumulates that another few days win  the allies fleet in the sea of Marmora, and  11V fill of Constantinople will be in sight.  .. Vhile the desperate battles have been fought  ������t in Poland, Galicia and Panders, still it was  Jje   Gate  to  the   Orient,   Constantinople;  Asia  inor, the Levant and Suez Canal that were  Mly aimed at in the, Teutonic advance through  jrvia   to   the   Mediterranean.   They   had   got  j}ay with Bosnia nnd Herzegovina by rattling  P\e saber and making faces and without' any  f>ubt the Teutons really believed that Britain  pd"gone stale" and would never pay the price  fat  a war with  Germany would. cost.   They  j^oned without their host, and now that Brit-  1% has got the Teuton stalled in Polish and  r1bn_ish.mud,'she and her allies are settling the  |{ar east question in their own way.  If The possession of the Black Sea and the  Iputh of the Danube will mean much to the  l^npaign in Servia and Hungary as well as  rWer the-price of wheat'to'the allies.  The settlement of the near-east' question in-  Vlving ,as it does, Persia, Asia Minor, Pules-'  )'ae';and the Euphrates Valley, in other words,  lifc cradle of the human race, its legends, lan-  lages and religions, is one of intense interest.  Continued on page two  MAYORALTY  WARMING  Vancouver is^ once again in the throes of a  civic election. Two candidates are in the field  so far, and if reports be verified to-morrow there  will be only these two nominated���������Walter Hepburn and L. D. Taylor.  Walter Hepburn stands frankly for retrenchment in every possible way���������L. D. Taylor fori  "the full 'dinner pail" and full, sail in every  other direction.  For'any "one who has Vancouver's good at  heart, there should be no difficulty in choosing  who to vote for this time.  ^'Without any exception every hbme'in Vancouver has had to retrench���������the evidences of  this are on every hand.  The man or family who has 'not ordered retrenchments these days may be classed with the  near-mad, and this applies not only to Vancouver, but to'every part of this earth to-day.  And our city is only an agglomeration of  families., There can be no good-reason why the  policy of retrenchment that Is good for individual and family life is not also good.for our*  city.      X -       ,   ���������  Walter Hepburn represents the policy that  every family in our city and in .the whole world  has already adopted. L. D. Taylor represents  the policy that would class aa madmen the individuals or families that to-day adopted it.  Nor does the retrenchment policy mean either  stagnation or starvation. It means a temporary  cessation from all unnecessary non-productive'  work, the cutting off of expenditures fromrev-  enUe or capital that do not immediately produce  olutely  anything and that are not at present"1  esBcn-ial to our well-being. ���������' XvX  --'' Vtneftuver and British Columbu.muVt Yearn  to* pi&duce. The attempt- to live and 'flourish, on  reirenue or borrowed capital has ended in disaster.   ">  X. Tjtylor advocates a continuance of that policy  and Mthough it is definitely certain thdt he can-  ngjt .tart? it out because he ,cannot {iossi|)iy 6b-  ,ta$nj,the money to do it, yet there are many  who-carried away by the promise of "a full  dinner pail" will vote for him. And this vote  will .come out almost to a man.  ' There were 9000 votes cast' against L. D.  Taylor at last election. Surely there are enough  thoughtful voters in this city, t6, defeat an 4m-  possiole >Slicy and the advocate, thereof; .But  they must come to the polls. The1 credit of our  city's sanity is at stake.  For the refet, we would say that the policy  of producing on Greater Vancouver's vacant  cleared property is not being carried out at all.  Nothing of consequence is being done. ;No organized effort is in evidence, and yet there is  scope 'here to employ profitably every idle  hand.,  We are bringing chicken feed from South  Africa and importing butter from New Zealand  andV eggs from' China, whilst our, muscles .are  softotimg and our vacant landmJying idle and dur  demifcogueB tempting us with the siren cry of  "* full dinner paU."  4 V (  ' Oit out Vancouver, on the 13tii of March  and vote this nonsense ont of .tight. -  TAYLOR PERSECUTION  . that Ii. D. Taylor has been'unseated is a fact.  ,- That the act of unseating hun from,the may-v  *o������alty is persecution, is' asserted by Mr. "Taylor.  We think Mr. Taylor's assertion is unfortunate for him and for the city which he apparently desires to serve. We imagine the plea of  persecution to be undignified on the part of Hvlr.  Taylor, and detracting as to the fame of our  city.  Our law requires that any candidate for the  seat of the mayor shall own clear above registered indebtedness, real estate to the value of one  thousand dollars within the limits of the city.  Certainly this qualification is not excessive. The  law could scarcely require a less amount than  one thousand dollars in itself a purely nominal  sum.  Many have thought that the qualification is  not sufficient, indeed, if the purpose of the law is  to require a positive money qualification this  thought, would be justified. As__we understand  it, however, the law strikes deeper than this.  The emoluments of the office of Mayor are  such as to be a matter of consideration to such  as.are in financial need-  The influence attaching to the office is such  as to react under certain circumstances on the  ?rivate affairs of the incumbents of the office,  hus, Timothy Tugrautton may have little jn-  fluence and less credit as an individual, hut may  have considerable of each as the mayor of a  'large,;;city;}V:X4'  ���������  ���������/TpV^rdVagaiiuit an effort on the part of  financially submerged men to make the chair :  a means of relief from personal embarrassment  therefore, the law has required that the candidate must be in a position to shew one thousand dollars ,only ( on the right side of the  ledger free from incumbrances before he can  qualify to hold the position. And to provide  against a snap balance being shown for nomination day the candidate is required to show that  balance in his favor clear to the Land Registry  Office for thirty days'prior to nomination.  This is, all very reasonable and necessary.  Mr. Taylor had not this balance clear. He  knew this, but took the risk.  THE NEW GRAIN ROUTE  In line with the new order is the commencement of the new grain elevator now in progress  of construction. What the grain industry is to  Fort William we may certainly expect it to be  t6 us> and more, as we have the advantage of  an open port all the year round.  These and other things lead us to say, take  heart, Vancouver- Perhaps the blackest months  are already past. Certainly they soon will be,  and thien we shall have the busy hum of activity  again.  It is well that our press should give due emphasis to these signs of cheer and well being  ahead for us:  And it is well that we should see that the  turn of the tide, which may be very sudden, does  not find uf unprepared to take our opportunity.  piE LA80RSTRKE  k One can hardly understand thr'ttrike.on the1  Ctode  at  this  time.   These' nten  have \*ee������  -e1ii|tjifc& making -ammunition and military aup^  piles.  jUpou tbe having abundance of Jihese the  ��������� lives and success of the troops in the trenches  depend. It may be that the destiny of the race  and the future history of theivorld may depend  upon them. That men should stop this work  to wrangle over a personal interest no matter  how great or small for the moment it tuayl-be  seems strange. If it is as it looks if,would,  rank with the action of the men in former wars  who sold fortresses to the foe for gold-  If it is as it seems to be, it would be worse  than the soldier who deserts in the face of the  enemy.. . ' ������  It Ms gratifying to note that the move is  contrary to the unioh orders. We sbali not say  further, but hope tbat things are not as bad as  they seem.  This may be said* if the workers are true to  the Empire in this time of crisis, there is no  reasonable demand they make  later that the  Sublic will not assist them to obtain; but if they  etray their country and the lives _of their countrymen at this time, which we believe the workers as a body will not do however, then God  help1 them and His for the conflict will be on  indeed, and there can only then he one endx  The Indian rae%are showingythewelyes men.  *   The Japanese have shown themsielveivto-be  true allies. ������������������ X-;' ' X ' yj  -.When peace comes they will .demand'"..to.  share in full the benefits of the empire they  have assisted to defend.  , rflf then the workers have betrayed their trust  in the meantime, how shall they be able to  claim that the lines of industry be kept for  them alone. Will it riot be seen that to keep  these lines for them is to trust the fate of the  Empire to men who are, in a small part, to-day  proving themselves untrustworthy.  We want a white Empire, served by white  men. But the white men must be trustworthy  as a part of the Empire. ,   ,    r >  -Ninety nine out of every hundred1 _a;ie':so!: The  workers should see that the small minority are  whipped into line,;, or compelled to give place  to those who will fall into line.  Just demands will be granted, and the demands if necessary be" made retroactive, but, as  Lloyd George said, there is no time for labor  adjustments now, arid any one who tries to profit  by the German and Austrian armies to obtain  benefits will disgrace workers forever.'  APOSTACY AMONG THE JEWS  We quote the following from the Gospel Herald- "There are in the city of St. Louis, 50.000  Jews- But according'to^ a local rabbi, less, than  6,000 of' these are members of the synagogues.  He also declares that of the millions of Jews in  New, York city not more than 100,000 are members of the Jewish church. He complains further that the churches and synagogues have become clubs rather than churches and that membership is more or less determined by social  standing.���������Reformed Church Messenger. '.'���������'.  tX  i /<&xx  *s  SYNDICATE FRAUDS  ARE CAUSING STIR IN  EASTERN CANADA  Several eastern publications have long held  up Western Canada and particularly British  Columbia, a* the region where fraudulent  schemes abounded to the detriment of the good  . name of Canada, and whieh alio resulted In the  turning- of large amounts of investment funds  to other channels. In a case of a.financial upset  of any sort in the West, it haa been the general  rule to rant heavily on the damage done generally to the prestige of the country.  Whilst searching' for possible exposures in  the West the home field has been overlooked until  too late, and now there has been given to the  public ������the) ftory of what would appear-to be  one of the largest schemes of wholesale robbery  ever unearthed in the Dominion.  On the charge of "conspiracy to defraud,"  which cnarge in the eyes.of the law covers^a  multitude of sins, the celebrated McCutcheon  brothers, four in number, together with Marshall A. Cook, all real estate butchers, have  been passed along through the Toronto Police  Court and will eventually be tried before a High  ,CJourt Judge and jury.  Tltat Police Magistrate Dennison should' find  against these five men and Send them on for'  trial is,, under the circumstances, not surprising. Their wild and weird, realty, antics, their,  utter disregard for the truth of their written or  spoken word, added, to the fact that they solid  real estate to which', they had no legal right or  title, and in consequence of which the deeds  Tor the same at^J not forthcoming, is a story  all brought ouf^^jtmdfnae*  Instance after in*fonce waa given whereplote  o������ land, worth approximately $2,500 or, 99,000,  were syndicated and ottered to the public it  $40,000 arid up. Othar lestir^^^^^^'*aL*^  that a plot of land of a v  - xm -��������� aw' afcdv la������������tod iri JB*  W*W        W**49^*t       ^99*w*)*9>   ^^9W^9W9***w9'     ^T^^" __  Western towns were given- a ;]jcMt*IB#'frwf^  proximating dozens of times the real tame, arid  then sold to syndicates to be again sold to the  public. " t - \  Some idea of the widespread business of these  subdividers and syndicators may be gathered  from the fact that they fathered, in one way or  another, according to their own admission, no  less than forty syndicates and that six of these  organizations alone involve upward of $800,000.  The total loss to the people, great and small,  by the McCutcheon blunderbund in England,  panada and the United States will probably  amount to upward of $2,000,000, or more money  than was sunk in the Union Life wreck.  Tbe local syndicate boards which flourished  throughout the smaller cities and towns of Ontario and which finally took over these McCutcheon properties^after many of them hadbeeri  boosted from an acreage value of say $25 or  $50 per acre to many hundreds per acre, to in  turn be boosted in price by the local syndicathes,  were chiefly composed of dummies who knew  nothing of realty values in the Canadian west or  apparently anywhere else. These syndicates  gave gave the necessary local color, which, accompanied, by a pretty name, for the raw land,  such as Mayfair, was sufficient to' interest the  boobs of the immediate neighborhood. This was  the secret of a little town like Bowmanville  dumping $46,000 of money into one of them, and  what was done in Bowmanville was true throughout rural Ontario.  }X  "i���������~-< ~<i->\  "s f-   r.,  4 *   ;**k  --AX:  -"������������������I  r     ,r I  V-X  *'C  fit,  i#5"-<Ji".ji___  ������-4i������  ijfca.'SSW^y&J!  Some of Magistrate Denison's remarks,at the  termination of the preliminary hearing which  sends the McCutcheons and Cook on for trial  are worthy of repetition.  "The evidence shows," said the Magistrate,  "that there has been a widespread fraud.     It  may have been cleverly concealed by syndicates  , and otber schemes, to cover up their tracks. But  ��������� people paid their money, and got nothing for it."  THE  ISLE   OF   MAN  The Isle of Man has a code of laws entirely  its own. The island has never been ruled by the  laws of England. These happy islanders have  no armed forces to maintain; no income tax,  death, estate or stamp duties to pay, and their  customs dues are in most case* on a lower scale  than in the United Kingdom. Manx women,  too, have special privileges. Every female adult,  widow or spinster, in the Isle of Man, whether  she be owner, occupier or lodger, has a vote for  the House of Keys election- Every widow en-  joys'half of her husband's personal ^estate, and  has a life interest in Ijis real estate, and she  Cannot be deprived of this by will; whilst her  written consent must be obtained to all transfers and deeds affecting her husband's property.  On the other hand, no married woman can legally own in her own right either money or property in the Isle of Man; she can have no separate estate unless specially protected before marriage, and can make no will without the leave of  her husband.���������London Chronicle. THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, March 5th, 1915.  *******4***4,**4***4*4***i .  ! A Few Reasons  1: Why you should buy at j;  Independent  | Drug Store;;  <[     Cor. 7th & Main     f  -������������������ ��������� ���������  ������ 1���������We vare close'to your *  ���������;       home.  .. 2���������We have as big a.i  *}       stock as any other +  * j       Drug Store in Van- ���������,  * * couver. o  *' 3���������We have two expert < ���������  ]| Prescription Drug- X  ;;       gists.      ^ ji-  ���������', 4���������You can phone your . *  ,, wants and obtain the j *  i       goods.   ������'  ; Marret & Reid !'.  1     Phono Fairmont 999     ������  4*.*+******4*4*4*4 ���������������>���������������������������������������������������  WAKE UP CANADA!  Phone Seymour 9086  Are You a Spender ?  If bo, do you realize tlie fact that  yoa are throwing away the bricks  with which you should be building  your futuret   It's -worth  considering!  Start a Deposit Account With Us  4 per cent, interest on deposits, subject  to  cheque  credited  monthly.  Beferences: Dunn's, Bradstreets or any  reliable Financial Institution in Vancouver.  Dow, W Jrost tp  /      122 jjAwnros ST. wjjst  McKay   Station, Horosby  ^H^P^ww*'  3tr*wbtm*--50 varieties.  Baspbtrriff���������w varieties.  _._   8ee4 ?oUtoe*-10 varfBttw.   D^cripttTt Catalogue FBEE  "TEH *.4*J3 VJSW FBTJIT FABM"  J*. Ia. McOONNBU- * SON  ���������__gg_vBw-tU - - Ontario  - Ottawa, OswmU  PJUW0I.ll * OUTHRIE  ���������Barristm soft ������olicitor������  Olive Pringle. 2i. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Bailway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar of British Columbia.  Oitistn Building, Ottawa.  TIMBER 8AU3 X 356"  Sealed Tenders will be received  by the ''Miffifcter of Lands not later  tahn noob On the 15th day of April,  1915, for the purchase of Licence X  85.6, to. cut 14,203,000 feet of cedar,  hemlock and balsam, on an area  adjoining Lot 928, Gilford Island,  Range' One,   Coast   District.  Five (5) years will be allowed  for   removal  of  timber  Further particulars of the Chief  Forester,   Victoria,   B.   C.  TIMBEB   SALE   X  860  ;������������������';.''.  Sealed Tenders will be received by  " the Minister of Lands not later than  noon on the 12th day of April, 1915,  ^  for the purchase of Licence X 360, to  cut 4,933,000 feet of Douglas fir, hem-  .   lock and cedar, on an area being expired T. L. 37126, Port Neville, Kange  One, Coast District.  Three (3) years will be allowed for  removal of timber. ' X  Further   particulars    of    tlie    Chief  Forester,  Victoria,  B.   C.  TIMBEB SALE X 866  Sealed Tenders will be received by  the Minister of Lands not later than  noon on the 12th day of April, 1915,  for the purchase of Licence X 366, to  eut 5,800,000 feet of spruce, cedar, hemlock and balsam fir, oh Lot 1101, lying  west . of Kwalate Point, Eange one,  Coast District. . ;"  Three (3)'years wilL be allowed for  removal of timber.  Farther particulars of the Chief Forrester, Victoria, B. C.  ������  9,898,000 German Soldiers  London���������It has heen announced in parliament  by Under Secretary of State for "War Tennant  that Germany's total army of both trained-and  untrained men consists of 9,898,000 soldiers.  The village of Kitty Brewster, near Blythe,  Northumberland, has the most remarkable recruiting record in England. The village comprises about 60 dwelling houses, and out of the  sixty males in the place no fewer than 56 (96)  per cent, have enlisted.  Canadian-Born!   Line  Up!  It should not, in all fairness, be marked up  against us here in Canada that, at the outbreak  of the war, we failed to* immediately appreciate*  the gravity of the situation,' and to feel it our  imperative  duty  to  enlist.  We are not a military, people. We live on  a Continent where we seldom think of war  whereas the people of Europe always think of  war. Naturally it took time for us to realize  what waB happening���������to grasp our own intimate  connection with this stupendous tragedy.  But now, after more than six months of the  most desperate and deadly fighting, during which  practically our whole attention has been centred  upon its origins, the issues and the probable  consequences of this frightful conflict, we can no  longer plead lack of understanding as-an excuse  for any failure on our part to do our fair share.  Compare what we are doing with the efforts  of our kindred in the British Isles. There they  have some forty-five million inhabitants. From  these forty-five millions, they are planning to secure three million soldiers. Indeed, when we  reckon in the regular army and the men'performing arduous duty in the navy,' they. have  now three million men with the colors. When  their present plans are completed they will have  more.  Count Canada as possessing eight million  people. On the British Island scale���������one to  every fifteen���������we should have at least a half-  million men in uniform.  The humiliating fact is that we are now only  working u_fc toward our first hundred thousand.  And how many of that hundred thousand are  ���������or will bo���������Canadian born? The figures of'  the first contingent and the "Princess Pats"  were a most disquieting "cold douch" for our  Canadian pride. Here was a case in which we  did not hang out the shameful sign���������" No English need Apply!" The English���������the British-  born generally���������did apply in numbers out of all  proportion to their share of our population; and  were aratefully accepted.,  When we read now of daring deeds perform-  edTat the front by "Canadians," we have a disquieting fueling that they may have been done  by men not of Canadian birth at all.   When we  search., fori the next-of-kin of our "Canadian"  , killed and wounded, how often do we find them  living in some British Jsland town or hamlet?  Lately. the Canadian-born have been doing  better;  but there  is still much  and insistent  room for improvement.   Again, it can fairly be  pleaded, that the native-born Canadian has not  been accustomed to think of war as one of the  imminent possibilities that menace his country,  and something which it is.his patrotic duty to  face."   The   European���������the, British   Islander���������is  much more accustomed to calculating on this  danger and this duty.   So we might be a bit  tardy at first.   But hy now tbat excuse is long  worn out.  Our brothers in the British Isles have bad  another advantage over us. There have, from  the first, been systematic and impassioned crusades among them to induce recruiting. Jn Canada, no educational campaign worthy of the  name, lias been undertaken. XWe have been left  almost wholly to our spontaneous appreciation  of the obligation pressing upon us; and we are  precisely the people, detached from Old World  conditions, who might quite properly have asked  an educational campaign.  But whatever may have been neglected in the  past, this is now another day. We see at last  with vivid and even startling clearness that the  British Empire is going to need every man she  can get to win this war. The seventh month of.  the struggle is closing; and yet the Allied na-.  tions have not been able to turn the Germans out  of Belgium, have not been able to wrench -from  their grasp some of. the fairest provinces of  France, liave not been able to keep them from  crushing Russian Poland under their brutal  heel, have not been.able to even hold that portion of East Prussia which the Russians have so  pluckily invaded on several occasions, have not  been-able to capture their fleet or establish a  decisive military superiority at any point.  For months Russia has been pouring out her  blood like water. The reckless daring and self-  sacrifice of that great Entire has been the marvel of makind. For months, France has been  holding her own battle-line at tremendous cost.  We are told now that her "reserves" have been"  abolished���������that is, have been incorporated with  Tier army and are all in the field. For months,  Britain has been -hurrying her troops into the  breach; and no man. dare think what might have  happened if she had. been perfunctory in her  efforts, or tardy in her preparations.  Surely it i������ time for Canada to come up  with contributions worthy of her high spirit arid  her great abilities���������with efforts which will prove  that she. appreciates how.���������'.complete, will be the7  catastrophe if the forces of freedom and democracy fail. We have lagged behind the British  Islanders long enough.. .We have permitted the  Briitsh-born in our midst to bear vicariously our  burden to an extent which we will not like to re- '  member when the war is over. Let us throw  ourselves heartily and loyally into the fray at  last; and let the Canadian-born-bow flock to the  colors in such overwhelming numbers that the  Canadian Government will be genuinely embar-  assed in preparing them for the front���������and the  hard-pressed men of the motherland tremendously cheered by our native-born enthusiasm and  determination���������From Montreal Star.  ��������� ������������������������* ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������^������������+������ + ������������iJ������ >���������������>������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������ ���������������������������*���������>������������+*���������������������������������������������������  <> . ' '  4> -  4*  < >  4*  ��������� >  4*  ��������� ������  ��������� >  4*  <>  ,44  < >  4*  . < <  i*  < >  4*  i >  ������l������  < i  i*  < >  4*  i>  i<  4  >>  4  ��������� >  4*  < >  4*  < i  4*  ��������� <  <<  4>  i >  4*  i ���������  44  < >  4*  4  ���������  ���������  Vote for  /  for  MAYOR  of Vancouver  '- **4*4*4***4*4*4*4*4*******+**4***************4**+*+4+4+******4*4*4*4*******4*4*  COMPULSORY EDUCATION IN RUSSIA  The; announcement that this will be immediately $ut into force is a most momentous declaration. Day has dawned alright for our Russian allies. The decision of the French government to, mobilize the unemployed of France by  the gqjJKrnment, and that they shall be put at  profitable'labor in rebuilding France at once,  and that they will be paid a larger wage than  they were earning before the war is marvellous  news.  Government Organisation of Labor in France  " This is government control of labor. Not as  government, but as employer. Truly sociological  events are happening with such startling rapidity that our friend Pettypiece and bis������associates  w;ill have to move quickty or they will be run  oyer hy the march of events.  How, small these paragraphs look do they  not.  Biit ths import of the matter is infinite.  South Vancouver Undertakers  Hamilton  Bros.  We are foremost in our line  for Moderate Priced Funerals  6721 Fraser Street.       Pbone: Fraser 19  ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH  Cor.  Broadway and Prince Edward  Services���������Morniag Prayer at 11 a.i  Sunday School and Bible class  p.m.  Holy Communion ������������������try Sunday at 11  Evening- Prayer at 7:50 p.m.  and 1st'and Srd Suadays at 11  Rev. O. H. WUaon. Rector  THE WAR  (Continued from page One)  One. of, the boldest plans of the Kaiser was  the planting of -five million- Germans in -the  Euphrates Valley and the rebuilding of Babylon.  To this end very, many millions of dollars have  been expended in the building of railroads  through the Balkans;; Asia Minor and right down  to Bagdad, only to find Britain ensconced at the  mouth of the Euphrates and in full treaty possession of every possible outlet to the Indian  ocean. There is little doubt but that the check  at the Persian gulf was an important factor in  deciding the question in German councils as to  whether she would wish war with Russia or no.  Now the settlemet of ail lthese questions are  on, and we believe and hope they will be settled  right.  The question of the Far East has also been  occupying the minds of the world's diplomats.  Especially has the United States been on the  anxious seat as to Japan's demands on China���������  and it is proper that she should be concerned  for in a world where force has become the one  great factor she has quietly put on her coat  and sat down declining all responsibility, even  for the hellish conditions, even in Mexico, just  across her own back fence. It won't dp,Uncle  Sam. And you need not pull faces when those  who have sacrificed blood" and treasure to save  a world's liberties settle matters without consulting you. ,  Japan has used such wise judgment and upheld her end of. the stiek with such prompt and  capable action that the Allie* refuse to be  stampeded over her present negotiations with  China..  Germany's paper blockade has resulted so far  in an almost complete fizzle, but in'return the  four gates of admission tb the German empire,  Gibralter, Constantinople, the English. Channel  and the North Sea, have been slammed tight shut  by the Allied fleets.  Field Marshall Nicholas sits tight as to his  main positions, his great "flappers" have again  lured the Germans in the north and Austrians in  the south to destruction.  It is true that in retreating from East Prussia, Russia lost a lot of men, but so did Prussia  in the attack, and Russia can: afford to lose  men. Prussia cannot. To-day the attack is  everywhere receding an dthe Austrians in Bako:  vina are.in grave  danger of being cut off.  In Flanders and 'in France all reports are  favorable and cheerful. ,  *4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*****4**************************t\  MQ. 8." Means   Quigley   Branc  Sweater Coats.  "Q. 3." Means  Guaranteed, Unbreakable Welt Seams,  "Q, B." Means "Wade ia 3. 0.M-  by WWte Help*  The Vancowrer Knitting Co., |44^  >������������������t������������������������������������������������������������������t������+������������**������������������������������t������t������t������������������������������������������t������������������������������+������^  4*4*******4***************************************<  ; JJNQUE POT CQA.U  WIW, WBPUOi! YOUR FTOJ. WW.  i WOBE HEAT. IASTS WNOHBB. TOY A TOJU  wm? -   -  -    $7.00  NUT     -    -    -  -     $6.60  n?UA      -    -  -    $4.00  SLACK- -    -    -  -    $3.50  BRIQUETTES  -  ���������    $6.00  ,;   WOOD���������Choicest Dry Fir Cordwood $3.00 per load.j  ��������� ��������� '.������������������''������������������ '.���������'������������������      ' ,-���������.'���������'  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.'  Seymour 5408-5409  ������������������*������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������+���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������* t������������  'r*****.&***** *********4  Baxter & Wrigtttj  COMPLETE HbUSE FURNISHERS  Cash or  Easy  Payments  $40000  Stock to  Choose  From  Come in and talk it over when looking for furniture.  BAXTER & WRIGHT  Phone Seymour 771  416 Main Street  ���������.���������4"K"H"K-* '**** ************* ���������X^H^HW-i^-H^W'H'fr! *'X'!"  :yk  'jy/>  X;V;:  '. X'  '���������':/���������/���������  /'^���������ik/yy  "���������'',������������������ ���������'"���������*  ���������^V'X.iVVv  iijy/k  yy  yjyj  W/J  :.VX  ^/yy  /Mr/  X'V  W������&j'  ...Jl!,;-.  41,-.:!  tv Friday/M^  THE WESTERN  CAM/  .. ������'/r;; j.; ���������>".'  jm'mkkmjkmi^mmmmmj  mjjyyjmmkMmkmmmm^M  3  HOUSEHOLD GOODSandQFFICE FURNITURE  B>  FXPERT  PACKERS USING ONLY NEW CLEAN MATERIALS  CAMPBELL STORAGE COMPANY  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE-SHIPPING  PHONE SEYMOUR 7360. OFFICE 857 BEATTY ST. jg|  UNCLE PHIL'S STORY  Q..i������ mill I  ������n������ II   II   llllllll   lllllllll  ������.i������  ���������  ���������!���������������������������  *~*   ti I   1ii|   IQ  Phone Sey. 1076-1077  Coal������ Fire Wood  ff ���������������������������������������������XXXXXv ;: ���������.,  J. HANBURY & CO., LTD.  Oot*. 4-thAvonmo and GranvlUo 9t.  "    Wellington Coal, Cordwood and Plainer Ends  I   * " ' -���������'- -A.  IQ������ ������ ������ * i i ni mm i in * im iimii M in i in ������i t mm .i.������i.im ������n������i > ���������ii������..������..������nt ������ ������.������ iQ  IS  X  The Comfort  Baby's  Morning Dip  a r__.OODNESS  M KNOWS,"  says the Comfort  Baby's'Grandmother, "what  we'd do without  this Perfection  Smokeless Oil*  Heater.  "If I'd only had one  when you were a  baby, you'd have been saved many a cold and  croupy spell."  For wanning cold corner* and Isolated upstairs noma, and  for countless special occasions when extra heat is wanted,  70a need the Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater.  .r  PERE  SMOKELE  TION  HEATERS  < The Perfection is light, portable, fhcspensiv*  to boy end to use, easy to clean and to re-  wick.   No kindling; no ashes.   SmokeleM-  ���������nd odorless.   At sll hardware and fenersl  ���������tore*. l������ok for tbe Triangle tradeojsrk.  lists IbCsmAs  ROYAUTC OH. iff bertforaUmw  *<****!. J"^**!'. f n*\V   *���������"^fc..f .p'm^^iiwum  W\9^nWnM*y    ^���������Mpa^B^PVl      T^W^wW^Ft      4**W**9a999*    W4"������%*WW  Tell us a story, Uncle Phil,"  said Bob and Archie, running to  him.  "What about?" said Uncle  Phil, as Rob climbed on his right  knee and Archie on the left.  '' Oh, about something that happened to you," said Rob.  "Something when you were a  little boy," said Archie.  "Once   when  I   was   a   little  .boy," said Uncle Phil, "I asked  Imy mother to let Roy and myself go out to play by the river."  "Was Roy your brother?" asked  Rob.  "No, but he was very fond of  playing with me. My mother  said yes; so we went and had a  great deal of sport. After a  while I took a shingle for a boat  and sailed it along the bank. At  last it began to get into deep  water, where I couldn't reach it  with a stick. Then I told Roy  to go and bring it to me. He  almost always did what I told  him, but this time he did not.  '*Then I was angry. I picked  up a stone and threw it at him  as hard as I could." V  "Oh, Uncle Phil," cried Archie;  "Just then Roy turned his  head and it struck him.''  "Oh, Uncle Phil," cried Rob.  "Yes. He gave a little cry and  lay down on the ground.  "I did not go to him,'but waded into the water for my boat.  "But it was deeper than I  thought. Before I knew it I was  in a strong current. I screamed  as it carried me down the stream  but no men were near to help  me.  "But as I went down under the  deep waters something took hold  of me and dragged me towards  shore. It was Roy. He saved  my life."  "Good fellow. Was he your co-  sin?" asked Rob.  "No," replied Uncle Phil.  "What did you say to him?"  asked Archie. 1  -"I put my arms around the  dear fellow's neck and cried and  asked him to forgive me"  . "What   did  he   say?"   asked  Rob.  "He said, 'Bow, wow, wow.' "  "Why, who was Roy, anyway?" askecl, Archie, in great  astonishment. <   /  "He was my dog," said Uncle  Phil, "the best dog I ever saw.  I bave never been unkind to a  dog. or to any other animal since,  and I hope I never will be."  ^���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^���������������������������������������������������>������������������>������������������������������������������������>������<������<������������������e������>������������������i4n������>������Hi>������������������imi>������>������������4s^44������  \    ***  SNIDER BROS. & BRETHOUR, CONTRACTORS  v v   *  ->������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������������������������������>������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^������������������������������������������*  The New Detention Building, Vancouver.  The new Immigration Building, which" completed, will cost well on to $300,000, is now  under construction by the well known Vancouver firm of contractors, Messrs. Snider Bros, and  Brethour. All the partners of this company are Native Sons and have1 already erected in .Victoria  and Vancouver probably the largest number of buildings of any contracting firm in the country.  THE   HOUSEWIFE  Orange Pudding���������One cupful  of cracker cruthbs, or soft bread  crumbs, one and a half cupfuls  of granulated sugar, one cupful  of water, two scant/ tablespoon-  fuls of bu.tter, the rind, of three  California7 seedless oranges, and  the juice df six and a half dozen  Soak the cracker or bread  orange and cracker mixture with  the. creamed eggs; butter and  sugar and pour the whole into a  large pudding dish holding two  quarts. Butter the pudding dish  and dredge it lightly with, sugar  before putting in the pudding.  Bake it slowly for one hour. Then  take it out of the oven and make  a meringue of the-whites of the  three-eggs remaining, mixed with  eggs        crumbs in the water for an hour. *^e three tablespoonfuis of pow  dered sugar.   "Return the pud-  If  v  ^4i,4%4%4*4*4*4*4*4*4+4+4+*+4-*4***4*4*4*4***********'k*****************.*******\  Grate in the yellow rind of the  three oranges, and squeezing in  also' the juice of. six with the  bread, crumbs. Beat two table-  spooMuls of butter in'a warm  bowl, and add the sugar to it.  Beat in the yolks of the siz eggs  and the whites of three after they  are light  and foamy.   Stir the  ���������FJtTOJNCr TJOS BQWW  RHP 0*088 00N0IWT  Under   the   auspices   of   the  Jrandview Subsidiary branch of  ithe' Red Cross Society of Canada,  in entertainment was given in the  Britannia High  School  auditbr-  iim> m Friday leyieainjir last; The  program, which was arranged l>y  ifr. Wm. C. Paterson and Miss  ^Marie Isdale, was very high class  nd the. large audience fully appreciated  the   various   numbers,  ^he fancy dancing by the Miss-  res Isdale and Lowe, and Messrs.  vAcheson,  Cook  and  Lowe,  was  [executed in  splendid style,  and  the Misses MaeRae are worthy of  'special   mention   for  their  very  graceful Highland dancing.   *  ,   Mr. Billy Oswald, of the English Bay versatiles, was a host in  himself,  and kept  the  audience  ai fits of laughter.     The Chinese  (:;ong and dance  by Miss Marie  JLsdale and Mr. Wm. C. Paterson  Vas screamingly funny and their  "make-up" excellent. This number is  worthy  of  repetition  at  ;*ome future entertainment. Miss  Sthel Beswick and Miss Ruth Ma-  ;;heson merited the applause received  for their beautiful  sing-  fing,as also did Mr. T. G. Lewis,  'or his rendering of "Mona" and  cThe MinstreLBay,"  \ Mr. J. S. Pearse possesses an  ^exceptionally fine baritone voice,  i-^ind his vocal number, "Rose of  >)my Heart"   was sympathetically  '���������* ��������� ������������������������������������   11  t The entertainment concluded  Swith a musical tableau, "Britan-  rtria,'' represented by 40 young  ladies and gentlemen. The spectacle was exceedingly pretty and  (received unstinted applause. Dur-  :f_ng   the   tableau   the   following |  ' ��������� Rule Britannia " (by Miss Great  Harvie) Mr. R. if. Hewitt thanked  the performers on behalf of the  Red Cross Society for' the excellent . entertainment. The singing of the National Anthem concluded the entertainment. The  he^|������iro^eds^b1iijrt ^55XwilT be  handed *oyer to; the Red Cross  Society for the purchase of materials in, connection with that  laudable work.  REDISTRIBUTION  WW-  u  The redistribution bill, entitled "A Bill to amend the Constitution Act," has been introduced in the legislature and given  a first reading. It provides for  47 members in the next legislative assembly of British Columbia  as compared with 42 at present.  The new districts are made up  by the following changes and additions :  Vancouver city will have six  members as compared with five  at present.  A new electoral district to be  known as North Vancouver is  created and will return one member.  A new electoral district to be  known as South Vancouver is  created and will return one member. ���������    .. .     !i"  Cariboo, which formerly under  that title returned two members,  is now divided into two electoral  districts to be known as Port  George and Cariboo, each of  which will return a member.  The electoral districts of Ymir  and Skeena as such disappear and  are replaced by Trail and Prince  Rupert, respectively, each of  which will return one member.  Okanagan, which at present returns one member, is divided into  will: involve changes in the boundaries of many of the existing  electoral districts.  There is a clause in the bill  providing for a sessional allowance of $1,500 for the recognized-leader^ of=the Opposition in-adr  dition to the usual sessional indemnity as a member. This will  apj ly to the present session W  the legislature.  The redistribution bill will  come into force upon the dissolution of the present legislative assembly.  WAR OQO WEP  ON  DUTY  |songs   and   dances   were   given  Pr< Our  Jack,"   Mr.   J.   Gilmour;.;!:lil"������ 7������M^'."^f m���������  X'Tommy Atkins" and "Tipper- *wo eleeto^ dls^ts /������ h*  .ary," Mr. Wm. C.'' Paterson; |known. as North and South' each  "'There's a Land," Miss Ruth Ma-!retnrnmg one member.  fV|heson; Sailor's Hornpipe andi A. new electoral district to be  Irish Jig, Miss L. Isdale and Mr.jtoown as Omineca is created. It  [���������R: Lowe; Highland Fling, Missesj ^ ill return cne .member.  iMacRae.' After   the   singing   of)    Thtv ere?.ion of tb? new stats  Rifle Fire too Deadly for Men,  So "Marquis" Responds  A dispatch received from Dunkirk, Prance, announced that  "Marquis," the regimental dispatch dog of the Twenty-third  French Infantry, had been mentioned in the orders of the day,  having fallen in duty at the battle of Sarrebourg on the Belgian  frontier,  At this action it became necessary for an officer to send a report immediately to his superior,  but at the time the German fire  was too intense to allow a man  to cross the������fire zone, and "Marquis" was charged with the mission.  Off he ran, across the fire-  swept zone, and arrived nearly at  the objective point, when a German ball struck him in the right  side and brought him down. He  struggled to his feet, though losing a great deal of blood, and  dragged himself up to the position where the officer was directing a section of. machine guns.  He let fall the order, reddened by  his blood, and breathed his last.  His soldier comrades are raising a fund for a monument, on  which is to be inscribed, "Marquis���������Killed on the Field on  Honor."  The; Agricultural College at  Ithaca, N. Y., publishes a bulletin in the Farmer's Reading  Course on "Feeding the.-Horse.'���������'  It saya: ,." ���������.-���������-.'  The importance of regularity  in everything that pertains to  the management of. the horse cannot easily be overestimated. This  applies particularly to feeding.  Whatever ~feeding-stuffs Xire^ em?  ployed in the ration, the horse  should be fed regularly and uniformly at all times. The horse  anticipates the feeding hour, and  becomes nervous if it is delayed.  He neighs and coaxes his food  with great regularity. The horse's  digestive system and his vital  activities become accustomed to  a certain order which must be  followed if one is to be successful.  Since the grain of the ration  is rich in digestible nutrients, it  should stay in the stomach as  Ion? as possible, for the digestion  of one of the most important of.  the nutrients is more complete  there. Fffom this it would seem  that the horse should be given  water first of all and that should  bo followed by hay, the grain being withheld until at least part  of the hay has been consumed.  There are, however, very serious  objections to this practice, as the  horse is unsatisfied, is anxious  and very nervous till fed his  grain and should not be compelled to wait for the grain. A middle ground should be taken by  watering first, feeding the grain  sprinkled with a small allowance  of moistened, chopped hay, if  possible, and watering again after the ration has been' eatc-n. ���������  The work-horse has a hearty  appetite; a vigorous digestion and  rp-pov U.c: as does 1.0 other animal  to intelligent care. He should be  fed liberally and frequently, the  amount given being regulated by  the size ^of the animal as well as  the amount and kind of. work he  is required to do. In general,  the horse should be supplied with  something over two pounds of  provender daily for each 100 lbs.  of weight.  ding to the .oxen, leaving the  door partly open for about 20  minutes, or until the meringue  is perfectly firm and slightly colored. Set the pudding away  and let ^t become perfectly cold  before serving.     1  Orange Pie (I)���������-Take one cupful of sugar, three level table  one cupful of orange juice*/and  the rind of one orange. Cook in  a double boiler. Bake the crust,  and put in the filling. Cover  with a meringue made of the  whites of the eggs, two table-  spoonfuls of soft sugar, and a little of the rind of. the orange.  Orange Pie (2).���������Grate the rind  of two oranges (being careful not  to grate below the bright yellow  part, as the flavor would thereby  be made bitter; thia ia also true  of lemons) into one-half pint of  water, and bring it to a boil. Beat  together one teaspoonful of butter,^ the yolk*; of two eggs-and  one' cupful of sugar (granulated)  until light; add ont heaping table-  spoonful of flour, the juice and  pulp of the oranges, and blend  into  the  boiling  mixture.  Pour  spoonfuls of flour, the yolks of j this into a pie-tin lined with pie  three eggs, one cupful of milk. J crust.  >>*************************  *******y\>*****************  .,   A. |3. Harron  J. A. Harron  G. If. Wiujawson   .  HABRON BROS.  FUNERAL DIRECTORS ANP E������PAL������ERS  ���������   VANCOUVER  Office & Chapel���������1034 Granville St.  Phone Seymour .3486  NORTH VANCOUVER  Office SB Chapel���������122 Sixth St. W.  Phone 134  .^t^S**}..!' * * ****** ********* ***   *******.*,.*  *********  A^^^^^^^^���������^���������l"l^���������^���������^..^���������^^^^���������lH^^I^^l^^'i1'������������'^^������1^������^������^>^'^������^>'^'^1^1^������'^^^���������������^^^^^l^^^^������^^'^^���������l^'l^^^^^l^^l^^^^^  *  JOS.  H. BOWMAN  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building:}  Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C. J  * *  ****<<t************>^tt************^  f*>4****+*+4*4*4*>**4*4*4***4***************t*********+*  Figures Tell the Story j  4  ���������  ���������  ���������  *  ���������  ���������  During 1914 the B. C.  Electric paid the City of  Vancouver the sum of  $130,160.75  for the privilege of operating its city lines.  This payment does not  take into account payment  of general taxes on Company property used in connection with the tram lines.  4  ���������  ���������  ���������  ���������  ���������  ���������  ���������  ���������  *  4**********************������4*+4*4***********4*4*******4*  . .      . +  During 1914 the total rev- ���������  enue of the City of Vancou- +  ver for licenses was f  $129,353.65    I  This sum covering licenses of  ?  every character.  In this total is included  liquor licenses, automobile  and chaffeurs' licenses, pool  and billiard room licenses,  etc.  The above statement shows that last year the B. C.  Electric paid the city more for the right to operate its city  lines than did all other classes of business taking out  licenses.  1- -    >i  >..  -    ** ^' v.  THE WESTERN  CALL  *U*  Friday, March 5% 1915.  H. H. STEVENS, M. P.  ,     Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  BEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, ViLNCOUVER, B. 0.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.   fl If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  THE BANKING SYSTEM  AMD THE PRESENT CONDITION  * ���������������������������  This is too big a theme to be handled in short  ������      newspaper .articles.   Yet there is not a matter  ��������� more vitally affecting the welfare of. the Canadian, community, material of course, than this  one. '  Money is not being loaned by the banks for  any purpose, except with the greatest coserva-  tism. .   "  The man on the street thinks, if he thinks  at all, that this is because money is scarce.  Perhaps in sums of many millions it is scarce.  But locally money is not so scarce as the said  man on the street would imagine.  Deposits ire piling up in the banks and are  being held there. - So much so is this the case  that there is reason to expect that the, banks  will take the step of reducing the amount of  interest paid on deposits, small as that, amount  ' at the present- time-is compared with the interest the borrower has. to pay. ,  ���������- " Why* then, are the banks not lending,more,  freelyt              .'  X"      X /  For one reason, .'whereas, still active although  ��������� the cause is past for it, namely the desire and the  .   need, of. the banks showing a good, amount of  ready money."on hand at the,end of tbe yew.,  when the, last annual report was, made,  the  XPKWt momentous report .ever, made hy the banks  perhaps.   But that report has-been made.,  Another reason and, a vital one has been  the need of the banks to be ready. rwith :liqui4  <" cashin'.case any;of the.;various'Wattew'which:  have been up should develop into; a scafre and  should result in a run. Fortunately the,confidence,in the safety of .tto Canadian system of  v backing has been enough to avoid that danger  and perhaps the likelibaod of that baa passed  away.   But witb the German bluff of- the sub-  - qjwrine,/war, etc., ,it was,well to be refcdy.  The present reason is, perhaps, the desire on  t^e part of tbe banks to see the depositors be-  , ginning to take tbe responsibility of using their  own money. ' J ' l "  For what tbe banks are doing tbe individuals  are doing in greater measure.   People will, not i#  at this time use their money, much Jess invest  it.   Tbey ,will not even pay their debts."  -  *-- It is surprising bow many are paying fancy  " interest on money overdue from them while their   own_ money, is drawing- for -them only, savings.  interest.  When these lead the way in drawing their  money-out and paying their debts, and in .using  it in otber lines, then the hanks will begin to  loan. It would be dangerous for them to do so  before.  . What, then, is wanting. Not .money,,. but  confidence. Vancouver has enough idle money  toj relieve "^he local situation, and so have the  other   communities.   When   confidence   returns  , and individuals begin to loosen up there will be  , a quick return  of activity.  In the meantime the banking system must  come under review.  The United States developed and used a  banking system which appeared to meet the requirements of the country, while the- business  was of a local character. .But when the lajrge  national organizations came into existence it  was found that the banking system was inadequate to handle the large business of. the country. ;The banking-system was, therefore, revised  and, new plans laid which matured last year.  Already the results are manifest. Had this not  been accomplished before the. present War there1  would have been a sad story of panic and loss in  >'  the Statete. ' ,X.'!-;" X''"'";  Canada has on hand more large"'-enterprises',  than any other people of anything like her num-  .-- bers. . ��������� ���������"' '"' ���������'���������'.'. .._.'-.    "       ,  *********J&~2������*4^  BE PREPARED!  Every Canadian should protect himself and  * family by carrying a policy in  MUTUAL LIFE OF CANADA  ;    Eat������btlah������d 1869  " CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL."  .������s������   ��������� V      ���������  $ For. rates and  full information see our  %agents, or .  W. J. TWISS  District Managar ,  Canada, however, is hampered .with the banking system devised to meet the 'needs of the/  country before these large matters caftae to the^|  front and the system has not been'broadened at1'  all, while the actual machinery,and'.equipment  of the system is not much enlarged, from what  it was a quarter of a century ago/    But in the  meantime the enterprises which * Canada is now t  putting through has increased many fold.  This  state   of  affairs  was  possible' because  Canada was being financed, not by our banks  but by British and Continental money.   ������nd this ���������  money' was brought in largely -through other  agencies than the  banks.  But now that this source of supply has failed  Canada finds her banking machinery, while absolutely safe, yet ineffective to carry the load.  The result has spelt, and is spelling disaster to a  large proportion of. the business community.  Needless, therefore, to' say that there will  have' to be a rearrangement of the banking  system in tins country,,   . - X  CAPITALIZE CANADIAN RESOURCES  Many' thinking men believe that the..gold  standard has entirely broken down. And it  surely has. A laboured argument would be out  of place on the matter. - But v as a matter of  practical .politics this matter should be carefully  studied by those who lead Canadian thought^  What shall take the place of the gold? standard. .   x -  It is not necessary that anything 'should take  its place. Let it remain as a convenient part  of the basis of currency. But because there is  not in the world enough .gold, or anywhere, near  it, to represent all.values according to the present purchasing power of gold, ��������� it stands to  reason that there must be other values accepted  as standard. . ���������"'  Silver for instance. Bryan' was so far right  , in hia fight to include silver in tbe money  standard. To reinstate hy-metalism would help  much and instantly. Canada especially would  benefit as it has much silyer available, and we  might again .see the melting down of, plte to  transmute the metal into money. Hardly though,  because of the great amount of silver produced  and in the mines awaiting the call.  Public Domain.  Against "this great but now dormant asset the  country ^should issue scrip. Place, say millions  of acres of the public domain at the disposal of.  the treasury. Against this issue scrip at from  five to ten dollars an acre.' Make this scrip  legal tender. Issue government notes based upon  it. .This' would again relieve the pressure.  Canada's Unmined Gold "������  Of all the gold output of the world, ^the  Empire produces about fifty-six pep cent. In "the  ' rivers and the mountains of B. 0. tbere is kn������Wn  to be large amounts, but there is a: lack of -Capital to> take it out. Moreover the government,  regulations and scale of fees retards the 'shatter, as of course they must. Now the 'govetfct-.  ment could" take stretches of tbe rivers. ' Ttirn  the streams without having to account for flooding unoccupied lands, etc., and while it could'  tbus create, great hydro, powers capable of paying for tbe euterpriserrjof the, belief, of all, who  know be well founded-^-could take, raw gold) in  sufficient quantities ^to finance tbe great enterprises of the land. ������i  It is time for bold but wise statesmanship! in  these matters. . ,.        ,.  THE GROWTH OF THE SUBMARINE  VAN00UV1BR  ii   c  t  *  *  *  *   ��������� . ���������  .. ������������������ -:������r<<<.*********<~AH-****^^  317-319 ROGERS BUILDING  ,,   It is rather amusing when two editors, j coyer  {tbe same ground in one paper.   The one gives  gravely reasoned arguments on certain subjects  leading to certain  conclusions,  and the,  natter seems to be settled. ' \ -i-  ,-,-__But-along comes. EditorrNo._2,Iand haying  read an echo' of his colleague's reading in' an-,  other sheet, having' in the meantime no i4ea  where it originated, he takes up the cudgels  and announces WE REPUDIATE certain ideas.  The true facts of the case and thus, and not  otherwise.                        [ X  Maijy such funny passages are to be found  ' to-day in the various journals which' have a general' staff busy fighting out the various campaigns of the war, and I suppose we have all  laughed over them. ;"    ii       ������  Although there is a continuous cry of "back  to the land" for the working man in these troublesome times, the man who is already on[rtbe  land attempting to wrest a living from the soil,  finds that many of his sources of revenue are  being diminished by enormous importations,-,  which in a great many instances, are passed off  as the product of his labor. Dairymen have.had  their troubles in trying to compete with the .importers of butter, and during the past winter  the egg market has been brought down to a los-  'ing proposition'by the huge shipments of Chinese  egge Which ate brought here and sold as new^  laid local eggs. Complaints are being made.  from poultry men throughout the province that  if. this continues they .will eventually be driven  but of the egg .business. These eggs are imported for as low as ten cents,per dozen and retailed,  from thirty-five to fp'rty-fiye cents. The consumer has the supreme satisfaction of securing  his1 favorite breakfast food at a more reasonable  price at this period of the year than ever before,  but he cannot be satisfied as to the age. Suggestions have been; made that all imported eggs  should be -labeled as such, to be distinguished  from the "LaidXn B;C.^ quality. It would  seem that the proper system here would beVto  stamp the^ local eggs with the date laid, aiid  where shipped from. If there are any advantages in Co-operation, then the poultry men of the  province ��������� should get together . and formulate., a  scheme of. publicity which would 'eventually.'  bring the housewife to the realization that when  she buys eggs'without some distinguishing mark  she is taking chances on quality, even though  the quantity ..be the same. As long as the mid-  dle-rapn can sell inferior goods on the name of  local'first-class ."quality, so long will the producer  be searching for a market.  By W. A. Ellis  The statement of Sir Richard McBride in the  prbvincial house, that the submarines purchased \  by, him for Canada .were " submerged off Flattery three days after they had been bought,"  would, lead one to believe that it was an easy  matter to digest the intricacies of the machinery, and in adding that "they were manned  by Canadian boys who had never seen a submarine before" he would suggest that they (the  boys) were phenomenons compared with their  brothers of the British navy who take many  years before, they have a thorough knowledge'  of this line of business. '  The submarines were not submerged off Flattery three days after purchase, and were not submerged in the harbour of Esquimalt until a long  time after that, and >yhen they were submerged,  they were in charge of competent officers and  higher ratings who knew their work, all from  the British navy with the exception of a few  mechanics.  L have before me a copy of the Ninteenth  Century, year 1900, in which a well known naval  officer says: "I look upon the submarine as impossible as an, effective fighting machine." He  gives his reasons, the main objection being that  it is impossible to keep such a vessel in any  sort of trim under .water.  To-day the submarine has to its credit some  of the greatest successes, both of the "British and  German sides of naval warfare, and it has done  ��������� far more tha nthe press have allowed the public  to know.  Two of our submarines have been right into  the German harbours, and have, doubtless,  brought to the Admiralty information which is  of the highest importance.  Our newest'submarines the Es, are the most  deadly. The Ds are of. 600 tons and Es are  larger still. The latter travels 16 knots on the  surface, and 11 - when submerged.  These have two periscopes instead of one in  the other classes, and these can be shipped to  an height of seventeen or eighteen feet above  the conning tower, and can ve revolved so as to  cover every point of the compass.  The Ds carry three torpedo tubes, the Es  four; and the latter type is of great displacement, and can remain under water for no less  . than forty-eight hours on end.  So far from being smooth, water craft, they  can stand more wind\and sea than-the average  destroyer. ,'X  The old A class could only carry fuel for  a trip of. about 400 miles, the Ds have a radius"  of about 4000 miles.   The Es could cross the At-,  lantic and come back again without taking on  fresh supplies..  The strength of these ciraft are away and  ahead ofv those of eight or nine years ago. The  old As used to leak at the joints when submerged in an, alarming fashion when they sank-to  any  great depth.  Our new submarines are ;q* dry as bones sub-  | merged in a hundred feet or more. I have been  told that one of our new craft has been dc.vn  to the two hundred feet,level with perfect safety, and the United States government, always  going one better, announced lately tbat their  Fl, whicb is very similar to our best submarines,  had beaten the world's record by descending to  a depth of 283 feet, and travelling there for ten  minutes at sjx knots an hour before rising tb  the surface.      ''  About one year ago, off Leban, a Russian  submarine sank in eight fathoms���������that is forty-  eightJfeet-r-at the time she had 18 men $n ^board-  It was three in the afternoon when' tbe accident happened.   She was raised at midnight,  and her crew, barring that they were suffering  from the effects bf, chlorine gas, were alright.  This in spite of the fact that she had gone down  .head foremost owing to a defective ventilator.  - -Submarine- crews  still  earn-extra-pay ^ or  "hard laying" money,Xbut^hey now sleep in  hammocks, -while air locjof and safety helmets  give them'all a chance of life .should accidents  occur.  I look forward in the near future to hear of  great things "from our'submarines,' if not; the  feat of Lieut. Norman Holbrook, V.C. (son of  Colonel Holbrook, late proprietor of the Portsmouth Times, and Colonel of the 3rd V.B. Hants  Regt.) '.will have shown the world what "they !|  ?can do.  THE   PIRATE   KING  J.  'E cares not a cuss, for.you, me, qjl-us,  'E defies all the laws of creation,  'E bullies an' shouts, an' defiance 'e flouts  In the face of all civilization.  'E murders our women an' violates maids  The child an' the aged are  'is victims    v ,  To pillage an' burn 'e will instantly turn  An' all must bow down to 'is dictums.  Why! Judas, the traitor, was an angel, comparedn  Wiv' this imp o' Satan, the worst ever rared  Always talkin' of peace, an' preparin' fur War,  (I shall swear in a minute, I'm only a "tar")���������  'E- tears up 'is treaties an' violates states  Says the world must 'submit to what 'e dictates  Wiv' 'is submarines now all our commerce 'e'll'  bust  That's always supposin' 'e isn't down fust.  i III.  I can quite understand 'im 'aving a go  At anything British, to strike it a blow,  We're fightin' the pirate���������but what beats me|  blue,   r  Why sink ships of neutrals an' murder 'em lo?_j  Believe me ,this business ain't goin' to be fun  "Davy Jones" will be busy before it is done.  Are the neutrals all scared that they don't give!  a dam?  What'8 wrong with ye'r "gas bag," my dearj  Uncle Samf  IV.  " 'Is Islamic Majesty"���������'tis the pirate's ne\  name,  Satanic's more fittin'���������surrounded with flame  "A movin' 'is arm"���������'twill be one of the sights]  (Lor what a tale fur'Arabian Nights).  I 'ave read many tales of a bloodthirsty blend  That made me cross-eyed, an' me 'air stand onj  s end,  But William'8 the greatest of all these greatj  frauds  In ther' chamber of horrors���������at Madame Taus-  . sauds.  ���������W. A. Ellis.  THE METHODIST FOLLY IN LONDON  "'   "God^'dwelleth not in temples, made witl  hands."   It   was' against   cathedral   building,]  amongst,other>things, tbat Wesley, of sacredl  memory, made bis protest.   The above building!  rbst.|5,opftoo9;;.:;;:^.: ;  GERMAN-miaH VOTE CONTROLS    ,  .       08J0AQ0 aUYORALTY NOMINATION!  The German-Irish vote has retired. Career Harrison jr., five times mayor of Chicago.   For some]  years Mayor Harrison has been'yielding to,.tbf  reform influences and bis1 administration tende������  towards a cleaner city:. One- by one his ;ole  henchmen fbfebok him and in the battle at4be  primaries just past "Hinky  Dink Boatbbusc  John,", and all powerful head of the Irish vbte,|  Roger Q. Sullivan* Were lined up solid againstJ  him foj-.tbet.GeVman. candidate.   The majority!  against Harrison was nearly 80,000, and ratheri  sad to say, 20,000, of that majority was made ujft|  by the women's vote. ;  The Democrats will, doubtless qlose up tbeirj  - ranks- now- and- vote solid- for the Democratic  .nominee, in which, case Scheositzen's election in  assured.   And this means a wide open town once  more.  Suffragettes,   politics   make   strange   bedfellows! t  WAR COBHESPONPJ2NTS HAVE  DIFFERENT VIEWS OF WAR!  Messrs. Irvin Cobb and Samuel Blythe���������two gentlemen well  and widely known in American  journalistic and magazine circles  ���������have spent a jjreat deal of  time'and space telling the public  what a wonderful machine the  German army is, now wonderful  its men; also what nice fellows  they are. Atrocities���������bless your  heart, no! Mr. Cobb spent Wany.  weeks with the German arriiy in  Belgium, and he saw no atrocities. Naturally, if there had  been any he . would' have' seen  them. It is true that Aerschot  and Louvain were .burned down  and a number of civilians killed,  but, so far as Mr. Cobb could  discover, this had been done for  good and sufficient reason. pAnd  then what; nice, obliging chaps  th'e officers were, and what excellent ' American they spoke!,"  VVAs these two gentlemen address  a very large. audience���������oyer two  million subscribers a week, according to the claim of the circulation, manager���������their statements had considerable effect on1  the public mind. People generally began to discount' the stories  pf German brutality so heavily,  that soon the charges were altogether lost to sight. It was even  felt in certain circles���������not neces-r  sarily pro-German���������that the Belgians must have been guilty of  serious indiscretions when such a.  nice, kind*lot of fellows as ther  German soldiery, who snend their  time singing ballads about Santa  Claus, would shoot them and burn  down their homes.  Now comes Mr. Alexander  Powell, who is the special correspondent of. the New York  "World" in Belgium, and who  enjoyed most unrivalled opportunities, for seeing every" phase  of the situation,; being given practically a free hand in both .the  German and Belgian armies.  Though an American, and a man  who started out without prejudices, Mr. Powell has become  as pro-Belgian as King Albert  himself, because of what he has  seen of German brutality and the  suffering and heroism of Belgium.  ' "When I left Antwerp after  the German occupation,'.'.���������������������������; he  writes in his preface, "I was as  pro-Belgian; as though I had been  born ufider' ther red-black^and^yel-  low banner. I had seen its fer-:  tile fields strewn with the corpses  of what had:'once been the manhood of the nation; I'had seen its  women left husbandless. and ; its  .children '"left fatherless; I had  seen Whjat was once a Garden of  the Lord turned into a land" of  desolation;, and I had^ seen its  people���������a people whom I," like  the  rest  of the / world,  had " al  ways thought of as.pleasure-loving, inefficient, easy-going���������I hadl  seen this people, I say, aroused,]  resourceful, unafraid and fight-/  ing,  fighting,  fighting.   Do  yoi  wonder that they Captured myj  imagination, that they won mj  admirationf   I am pro-Belgian;."  admit  it   frankly;   I  should! be|  ashamed to be anything -else;"-  Mr. Powell then goes on :to .tell|  bf the things which he saw ii  Belgium  and which his  camera]  man, "snapped"���������things    whicl  have caused American newspaper-]  man to write lof German^ brutality with white-hot anger." Therej  is, for instance, the destruction of  Termonde, despite the fact that  the Belgians had evacuated it the  day before the arrival of the GerJ  man -forces.   The vandals spray-J  ed the houses with petrol from al  motor .car equipped with a tank!  and a pump, and then set fire- tol  them.   German efficiency!:     Mr.'  Powell visited the ruined town;]  and  gives  a terrible  picture  of]  what he saw.  " "Despite   the   scowls   of  theJ  soldire I, attempted to talk with!  some of the women huddled, in]  front of a baker waiting-for  distribution   of   bread,   but'.-th.  poor' creatures were too  terror-  stricken to do more than stare at J  us   with   wide   beseeching   eyes J  ( Continued on Page 5 )> iSbs  35*  mm  m  Friday, March 5tlyl915.  .THE WESTERN  CALL  t***,*,***>+.***.***,<.*+.���������.***,*,*,*,*t***t*****,**%  li *  ���������  ��������� ���������  4  1 i     i  Our Vancouver Kipli^  TO MAJOR GENERAL SAM HUOHES-  I.  I've read of ye'r often an' seen ye'r twice,  It looks as ye'r lives as ye'r ought to,  You 'ave battered away'at ther' politic game,  And see where ye'r politics brought you.  You've got all the grit that a Britisher needs,  Though you've blundered a bit in some cases,    -  But you still keep a-goin' an' doin' ye'r best  In some wery tight corners an' places.  II.  It ain 't the fust time at the Motherland's call  You have marshalled an army together,  You seem to shine brighter an' work all the more  When the enemy shouts "dirty weather,"  But the way you 'ave worked inVthis latest affair  If yer friends an' yer foes all speak truly  Has won fer yer, Sam, all the Empire's regard  Excuse Sam���������fur it ain't meant unruly*  HI.  Your lads take their place in the bitter cold  trench  An' better men never were born, sir  They're showin' they're equal to any I ween  Of their conduct I'm sure you'll not mourn, sir,  So go on, old war horse, an' gather 'em in,  Fur the cause they are fightin' is worthy,  Let politics fizzle���������The Empire's at stake  Show -'em plain that no kultur is fur thee.  IV.  Let yer enemy's'haggle an' noospapers shout  It won't make yer die any sooner  If you blunder at all, then ye're blunderin' well  You're   heart's    good    an'    true,   you're   no  "spooner'  You're duty seems plain, you're doin' it well  An' Canada's with yer fur ever.  Go hang with yer views, you're .just Old Sam  Hughes  An' we'll never furget ye���������no never.  ���������W. A. Ellis..  _________.._.._.._.. ���������_..���������_���������--_._..__. -..-...a.---.-------.------- *.. _L.--.A..a.-_-  l\  r*444************'******44^i^4***-4444*444*4***4*44*4*4*\  Our Business his feci built up bv merit alone  mSEK & CO.;  Heating engineers. '       '���������  1095 Homer St. Sey. m :  0mm  , , mm  Hllilltlttll  w4ao&A������omr  mi  &igft  in the Pwce River"  Columbia.  X-  ,- r .fv w-Xv^"^  Governing timber .on Dominion lands     .1XV". '  in Manitbbe, SMkatehewmiv AlMHCL^v r^XX" ', -  North   Weet  Territories  the JUUway   J     -  Belt In the Province oTBritlsh CotUm-   .��������� s Ji <  bte. end tho tract ot������h*y**M;*y,Wt.k^J -"  Million Acres Located )������y Ute^PotofiSen v -J < --���������]-  ' ���������       District inSMtShTX <X   '      .       -   X  ",    ' '^  VA license to cnt timber on a tract not,  exceeding r twenty-five square mBas In  extent may. be acquired only at/public'  auction.    A renUl of $5.00 per. ������4usr������;  mile, per annunv le chatted.,on all UnW  berjmrths .except those v situated -west ot'  Tale in the Province of British Colum-,  Ma, on wbich the rental is at tbe rate of  5 cents .per acre.   In addition to rental,  dues are charred on the timber'eut at  the rates set out in section SO of   the,  regulations. "' .   *  <~lri,        r <>|  BfBftP  Venter, Vensttp aad sm ..*_ f  Permits maybe granted In the PieV'  vlnces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan 'ant  Alberta, to. owners Of portable' s#w-"  mills, to cut over a definitely described  tract, of land nor exceeding one' sonars'  mile' In extent, on payment of dues at  the rate of SO, cents* per thousand feet,  B.M., and subject to payment of natal,  at the rate of flOO per square mile, pec  annum. >   "  Timber for  Any occupant of a homestead Quartet*  section having' no timber of his own'  sultable~for the purpose may., provided  he has,not previously been granted free  allowance of ^timber, obtain ������ free-permit to cut the quantity of building and  fencing timber set out in Section ftl of  the Regulations.  ' W. ,W. CORT,  Deputy ot the Minister of the Interior.  HASTINGS STREET, LOOKING'EAST.  \  I  Border that  TOIPHONENOWi  and make sure of getting your name in the  MAYPmeCTORY  The Book with the largest circulation, in  Vancouver  - v-     ���������*     \  \ ��������� The Telephone Directory has an issue of over ?  ;; 100,000 copies per annum, and is being referred to J  j., every hour of the. day.  .. ��������� >  J The Next Directory Closes I  ��������� < March 13th  ���������'     Changes of Name, Address, etc., and all adver- <'  ;; tising'copy must be in on or before that date.        ;;  j; Special Terms Now Offered  British Columbia Telephone  COMPANY LIMITED  WAR CORRESPONDENTS HAVE  DIFFERENT VIEWS OF WAR  (Continued from Page Four)  Those eyes will always haunt me.  I wonder if they do not sometimes  haunt the1 Germans.   But a little  episode that occured as we were  leaving the city did more than  anything else to bring home the  horror of. it all.   We passed a  little girl nine or ten, and I stop-  ed the car to ask the' way. Instant  ly she Held,both hinds above her  head and b&gan to scream for  mercy. When we had, given ���������her  some chocolate and money, andj  had assured her that we were not  [Germans,*v TSlit' f Americans   and  friends, she t;an like a frightened  deer.  Thai little child,,with her  fright-wide eyes and her hands  raised in,supplication, was in herself a terrible indictment of the,  Germans."  What Mr: Powell tells" of. the  sacking' of Aerschot���������because a  boy of fifteen shot a German officer in defence of. his sister's  honor is too ghastly to quote here.  He also.'paints terrible pictures  of what occured at Louvain and  elsewhere.  V*  4*.4*4*4***********4*4*4*4**4*4*4**+*+*+*+* **********  j*+*4***+*+*4***+*+*+*+*+**)f *****+*+*+*+*+*+*+*+*+***+  i BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES *  ��������� LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  'PipeFittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  C^crete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  _fhone: Sey. 8942: >11Q1 Doininion Building.  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������A  Fortunately there are passages  in a lighter vein to relieve these  distressing recitals. Even in war  there arehuroorous incidents and  humorous characters. One of the  most attractive figures in the  book as that of Ponald Thompson,  the little photographer from Kansas, who wore an American army  shirt, a^ .pair ,of British riding  breeches and a Highlander's forage ' cap, and carried a camera  the size of a parlor phonograph.  Thompson is a little man built  like Harry Lauder; hard as nails,  tough as rawhide, his,skin tanned  to the color of a well-smoked  meerschaum, and his face perpetually wreathed in what he called his sunflower smile. He affects  riding-breeches and leather leggings and looks physically as well  as sartorically, as though he had  been born on horseback. He has  more chilled-steel nerve than any  man I know, and before he had  been in Belgium a month his name  became a synonym throughput  th^army for coolness and daring.  He reached Europe on a tramp  steamer. with an overcoat, a  toothbrush, two clean handkerchiefs, and three large cameras.  He expected to have, some of  them confiscated or broken, he  explained, so he brought along  three as a measure of precaution.  His cameras were the largest size  made. 'By.using a big camera  no one can accuse me of being a  spy,' he explained ingeniously.  His papers consisted of an American passport, a certificate of  membership in the Benevolent and  Protective Order of Elks, and a  letter from Colonel Sam Hughes,  Canadian Minister of. Militia, authorizing him to take pictures of  Canadian troops wherever found  v Thompson had a series of adventures such as few men come  through alive, *but his resourcefulness was almost as great as his  nerve. On one occasion he even  managed to persuade a Russian  countess to smuggle his films in  to, England knowing that the British secret-service men would  search him and confiscate any  $ra^ they found. He had never  seen the countess in his "life before, but the, won her, over.  i"The countess finally consented,   but   suggested,   in    return  for the danger she was incurring  that Thompson lend her aV thousand francs, whichshe would1 return as soon as she ;reached lion-  ,don.   As he had with him only  %wq hundred and'fifty francs, he  PAid h������r. the balance, in United  Cigar Stores  coupons, 'some > of  which be chanced to have in his  $gcket-bopk, .and which* .he ex-  piained, Was American t^ar'cur-'  rency. * He' told me that he gave  her almost enough to get a brier  pipe.   At Boulogne" he was arrested, as be had' foreseen; was  stripped, searched, and bis camera 'opened, but as nothing wasj  found he was permitted to eon-|  tinue to London, where he went  to the countess' hotel and received his films���������and, IXmight add,  his  money  and  cigar, coupons.  Two hours later, having posted  his films to America, he was on  W8 way to Belgium."  Mr. Powell -also has nerve-^-  nerve in its way as great as  Thompson'8. And he gave signal  evidence_of. itjwhen he dared^to  U\l a Prussian general to his face  of the atrocities of German  troops. He asked General Von  Boehn frankly why it was that  he chose to wreck his vengeance  on women and children.  " 'None have been killed,' the  general asserted positively.  " 'I'm sorry to contradict you,  general,' I asserted with equal  positiveness, 'but I have myself  seen their bodies. So has Mr.  Gibson, the secretary of the American legation in Brussels, who  was present during the destruction'of Louvain.'  " 'Of course,' replied General  von Boehn, 'there is! always danger of women and children being  killed during street fighting if  they insist on coming into the  street. It is unfortunate, but it is  war."  '���������'But how about a woman's  body I saw with the hands and  feet cut off? How about  the white-haired man' and his  son whom I helped tp bury outside of Sempst, who had been kill-,  ed merely because a retreating'  Belgian soldier had shot a German soldier outside their house?  There' wrere twenty-two bayonet  wounds in the old man's face. I  counted them. How about the  little girl, two years' old, who was  shot while in her mother's arms  by a Uhlan and whose funeral I  attended at Heyst-op-den-Berg*  How about the old man near Vil-  vorde who was hung by his  hands from the rafters of his  house and roasted,to death by a  bonfire being built under him?"  ; Altogether this is the best piece  of reporting we have jseen of the  war so far. It is what Will Irwin calls "illuminated reporting." Mr. Powell tells what he  has seen and only what he has  seen, but he had taken care to  see   a  great  deal.   It  is   to   be  hoped that he will follow up tbis  first book with others as the war  goes on, and-that'his work will  be given the widest possible peculation. I would certainly like  to,, think that copies have been  sent to Messrs'. Cobb knd Blythe,  and such other brilliant war correspondents as have spent weeks  in Belgium and have seen nothing but the'marvellous provision of the German military authorities for the comfort and efficiency of their troops. Mr. Powell  mroras os> ooa&  *B0VUL*IOm.  Coal mining rights of th* Dominica,  In Manitoba. Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon, Territory, the Northwest Territories and In a portfn of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term of twenty-one years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2669 acres will be leased to one appll- '  cant  Application for a lease must be made  by the applicant In person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district In which  the rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and In unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Bach application-must be accompanied by a fee of $6, which will be refunded if the rights applied fojr ar* not  available, but not otherwise. A royal- <  ty shall be paid on the merchantable output of th* min* at th* rat* of-I cents  par ton.  The person operating the min* shall  furnish th* Agent with sworn returns  accounting for ,th������, full quantity of merchantable eoal mined; and pay th* iroy-'  alty thereon.   If the eoal mining right*  are not-being operated,  such  MtpnuT  should b* furnished at least ofte* * year.  ,. The leas* will lnclud* th* cMialt mining  rights only, but th* lessee may b* m������  mltted.to purchase whatever avttliM*  surface rir** w "  sary ~  *������t*  seen other things that are vastly  more important to-the world at  large; and be has not hesitated  to- describe, these otfceir1' things,.  But,then perhaps his paper has a  different editorial policy���������a policy Which does hot .prevent a war-  corresponding telling all the information be has gained.  Sn'  Established in Vancouver in  1890.  Yorkshire  Guarantee  an4 Securities  Corporation JLt4.  Paid-up Capital, fl,327,450  nr TW_nurwf ew ran pony*  ���������vnr *%*7f 4jni AtwwKVQie  ���������PT*  CHBJWUU.   IWANOTAI.  ACM5N0Y  Mortgage, Loam, Ileal Ertate,  ���������Insurance .  Trustees and Liquidators  Estates managed  TAKE NOTICE! that The MacPonald-  Gddson Company, Limited, intdnds to  apply at the expiration of one month  from the date of the first publication  of this notice to the Registrar < of Joint  Stock Companies that its name be  changed to "IfacDonald Bros.", Engineering Works, Limited."  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, thl* ������������th  day of November A. p. 191*.  a. 9. fto������*te*  Secretary -  413 Oranvllle'Street,  Vancouver, P. C '  wato iro.no*  INSURANCE  All kinds of Insurance effected in reliable Board.Companies only, giving you absolute protection.  FIBE, LIVE STOCK, PLATE  GLAtt, AUTOMOBILE.  ACCIDENT .AND SICKNESS  EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY,  ETC.  General Agents in B. O. for  Yorkshire Insurance Company,  Limited, of York, England  Accumulated funds exceed  $13,000,000.  / Established 1824  Also Agents for  Home Insurance Company, of  New York  Assets exceed $32,000,000.  Estaby hed 1853.  1  R. KERR HOULGATE, Mgr.  YORKSHIRE BUILDING  526 Seymour Street  Phoes 6188 and 6189  New  Westminster  Land  district,  District of Texada Island.  TAKE NOTCE that I, Joseph Astley,  of Vancouver, occupation engineer,  intend to. apply for permission to lease  the folioiving described foreshore for  docking, purposes: Commencing at a-  post planted about one and a half  miles from the southern point (on the  east side) of Texada Island, (thence  following the shore line in a northwesterly direction to the head of an  unnamed bay (henceforth to be known  as Astley Bay), thence following the  shore line around the bay to tbe east  side, thence south-east for about 750  feet.  Bated  January  20th,  1915. * -  JOSEPH  ASTLEY.  m  WiSA  m  X>i  tltinmi tliA.  ������m������ vna*wl_*!?m_^__*B^l5t������^n_10^wp,_9r> ,  iliiilil  ��������� ^    iDeputHJIlhlste^ the Intfrlor.  -_.?*��������� ^.--TUnatithoriied   pubUcatJon' of  tills advertisement will not ha pwd for.  rKE NOTICE that Jptepb Astley,  whose address is 4423 Slocan Street'  Vancouver, p. C, will epply for a  license to take and use five cubic feet  per second and to store sbont 250,000  gallons oat of an unnamed ereek to be  henceforth' known ua Astley Creek,  which flows south-westerly and drains  into the sea about 1% miles north of  the southern point of the west coast  of Texada Island, Province of British  Columbia. Tbe storage dam wilt be  located- on or near- the north-west  corner of Lot 339,, Group 1, on������the  said Texada Island. The capacity of  the reservoir is not yet determined.  The water will be diverted from, the  stream at or near the north-west  corner of Lot 339 aforesaid and will  be used for mining, steam, power and  storage purposes upon the. land described as Lot 339 aforesaid'and elsewhere. This notice was posted on the  ground on the 14th day. of December,  1914. A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto, and to  the Water Act, 1914, will be filed in  the office of the Water Recorder at  Vancouver, B. C.,, Objections to the  application may be filed with the said  Water Recorder or with the Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C., within 30 days  after the first appearance of this  notice in a local newspaper. The date  of the first publication of this notice  is   13th   January,   1915.  JOSEPH ASTLEY,  Applicant.  LAND ACT THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, March 5th, 1915.  >frfrj,,l,.;,,Ii,t,,j,,|i,{,ifr.S,.������.V.fr.}.if.>fr^  *'-aa  ���������Map-  ���������������A*^������w"fl}'*,  BRITAIN'S FINAL WAR  !: Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages     .  at all hours.  Phone Fmlrment 845'  ',!   Corner Broadway and Main  HMIIHIIHHIMH ������������������������������������������������  ,    A. F. McTavish, Prop: I \  * II HI IIIM ****%****%*****  THE TAR SANDS OF ALBERTA  ' Mr. John- Steven's meetings held in the  .Strand theatre Sunday af.ternoon and evening  \ every Sunday in connection with the war, are of  great interest. Last.Sunday Professor Odium  in the afternoon, gave an hour's address to a  very large audience on the subject, "Britain's  Last War." His subject consisted of a Bible  reading from the prophet Ezekial, where such a  conflict is evidently predicted clearly in connection with the final settlement of the eastern question.  The large audience, chiefly men, followed the  reading with absorbing interest, and showed  marked appreciation of the marvellous theme.  \ In the evening Wm. Faseoe Goard gave a similar audience an hour's address on the subject,  "Shadows of Coming Events." The subject consisted' of a reading and an address founded on  one of the passages immediately succeeding "Prof.  Odium's theme of the afternoon, and the addreSs  was really a continuation of that of. the professor.  The strange thing about it, however, was that  neither of these gentlemen -know what was intended by the other or what were the views of  the other on this particular matter. Each had  been requested to name his subject, and thus  they dovetailed into each other.  Next Sunday these two are to take the platform in the same order again.   -  Their Use for Roadways���������Entrance of Railways to the District Will Hasten Development.  The existence of deposits of bituminous sands in the McMurray  district of Northern Alberta has  been known for many years. The  absence of transportation facilities has, however, prevented the  utilization and even the prospecting of these deposits.  Anticipating the building of  the Alberta and Great Waterways railway into Northern Alberta, a preliminary examination  of the deposits was undertaken  by the Dominion Mines Branch  in 1913 and continued in 1914.  Meanwhile, the construction of  the7 railway, which' will open up  and render these deposits available, is being rushed, and its completion is, expected in 1916.  The investigation revealed'the  fact that the tonnage of bituminous sands in the McMurray area  is very large, and, although much  ot the material is low grade, and,  in some cases, the overburden so  heavy that mining by open-cut is  impracticable, it is found that  ��������� some 20 per cent, of the material, representing many millions of  tons, may be considered as of  commercial value.      v  Bituminous sands have for  , number of years been used in the  construction of various classes of  Lavements in the United States,  he extent to which the material  ' has been Used appears to have  been largely determined by the  freight rates. The greater portion of the bituminous sand used  at the present time in California  for paving purposes comes from  the Santa Cruz quarries, and is,  in many respects, similar to the  Alberta material The bitumen  contained in the McMurray rock  is, however, much softer. Jt is  believed that, with proper manu-  pulationrsuch as heating, and the  addition of hardening flux, the  . penetration'of the bitumen can be  - reduced to meet the requirements  of 'Standard specifications for its  successful employment in the laying of pavements in substitution  of imported asphalt.  ' In view of the fact that the  bitumen contained in the tar sands  of Alberta is softer than the bitumen of the California material,  arifengements have been made by  of an experimental pavement in  the Mines Branch for the laying  the city of Edmonton with the  Alberta material, the city government having agreed to construct the concrete foundation.  Upward of sixty tons of suitable  piaterial has been assembled for  transportation to Edmonton, and  it is expected that the pavement  will be laid next summer.  The City Commissioner states  that: "if this work is successfully carried out it will be of  greater value to the city of Edmonton and Alberta generally  than the bringing in of half a  dozen industries .... at the  present time, we are absolutely  suffering for the lack of. cheap  pavement and for the lack of  good road material, whereby the  farmers may haul their products  to the city oh well built roads.  The solution of this problem will  be worth millions of dollars..."  At present, all asphaltic paving materials used in Canada are  imported from foreign countries.  In 1913-14 the value of-these imports reached a total of nearly  $900,000 and the consumption is  rapidly increasing. The value of  a cheap and satisfactory paving  material in Western Canada  would be very great.  The-bituminous sands may also  serve as a source of pure bitunten,  which may be extracted either by  disulphide of. carbon, the lighter  petroleum distillates, or by the  use of hot water and steam.  Among the many uses to which  this .extracted bitumen may be  applied may be mentioned: floorings for/ many classes of buildings ��������� such as mills, hospitals,  schools, skating rinks���������for foundations which require to absorb  vibration and jars, as in electric power plants, for lining and  damp courses for cellars, -reservoirs, etc., for insulation of pipes,  and as a source of asphaltic oils.  Attempts in this direction have  been made for the past twenty  years in the United States. No  industry, however, has been established and no extracting plant  is now in operation. The cause  for the failures is not far to seek.  In California extracted bitumen,  at $12 per ton cannot compete  with petroleum residium at $6.50  to $9.00 per ton'. In Alberta,  however, bitumen extracted at  $12.00 would comlete with imported refined asphalt, costing  $27 to $34 .per ton, delivered.  Before such an industry, however is attempted, all available  information of the results of  many years' serious and often  costly experimentation in the  United States should be consulted.���������Pr. Haanel, at the Annual  Meeting of tbe Commission of  Conservation.  The working man's wife can  keep her husband on the pay-roll  by buying goods made in Canada.  While the Canadian contingent  is doing its part at the front and  the -Canadian-business man-is doing his part at home, it remains  for the t Canadian citizen also to  do his part. It is patriotic and  it is good business to buy goods,  first, that are made in our own  town, second, in,our own coun  try, and third, in our own British  Empire.  REELECTED  PRESIDENT  BOARD OP TRADE  largely seems also to be sure. That the fear^of  being so left out will bring hXltaly and Roumania and at the last, Bulgaria, seems to be  expected, although leading papers in France and  Britain are saying that if they can be allowed  to stand pat and not trouble, the settlement  among the allies will be the easier.  Suppose, however, that there is too much at  stake for Italy, Greece and Roumania to allow  them to stand idly aside much longer..  The settlement of this question according'to  the speech by Premier Asquith, as quoted in a  letter appearing in another column, will have, a  great influence on the population of Europe. We  predict that this new Asiatic British Empire will  be a great competitor for European immigration.  A NEW WORLD CAPITAL  THE SETTLING OF  THE EASTERN QUESTION  r   With the forcing of-the Dardanelles the last <  step in a war which has been waged against the  Turk in Europe will have been taken, we hope.  The Turk will have crossed back at last into  Asia. Moreover he will there be at least placed  under restraint and we may hope to see the  Christian populations of Asia minor allowed to  live in safety and encouraged to develop their  resources without the certainty or fear that they  will be -robbed.  Germany planned and entered this war that  she might have the right to dictate the terms  of that settlement. It seems now certain that  while she is enmeshed in this war of her own  creation, the Allies will have settled the matter  without her. The fear of this, and that she will  be excluded from all voice in. the settlement will  be a strong inducement for her to sue for an  immediate peace. Whether her pride, will allow her to do so or not cannot be said. But  that there will be great pressure on her from a  section of her diplomats to end the war and so  get into the council of Europe again before the  final settlement, is sure.  That the neutrals will be left out in the cold  In the light of the elsewhere quoted speech  of. Premier Asquith as to the great Empire coming apparently to Britain as a result of. this war,  it appears that there will be a new world capital down about Cairo or therebout.  A glance at the map will show how wonderfully the lines of communication and. transportation have been heading in that direction and how  well such a capital will be served by both sea  and land. *  The Suez Canal makes both the Red Sea and  the Mediterranead, opening out into all the  oceans, tributary to it. '  As to railroads, the Cape to Cairo railroad,  the trans-Siberian railroad, the Cairo-Bagdad-India railroad, etc., and the already existing European railroads, are either built or well under  way. . '  ���������    . ,,  Here is the new city the old Hebrew prophets  foretold, with the prospect of running a strong  race with old. London as the clearing house for  the World's products.  Perhaps the vision of the lonely New Zeal-,  ander standing on the broken arches of London  Bridge sketching the ruins of St. Paul's may not  prove to be wholly unjustified, although we imagine. Lord McAuley had not much faith. in his  suggestion when he wrote it.  Like a summer shower coming out -  of a sky whick iras but a moment  ago perfectly clear���������unheralded and  unannounced���������the "jitney" bus  has made its appearance on the  streets of Vancouver. And, like  a summer shower also, this new  method of city transportation has  brought problems which must bo  solved, these being of a character  such as we never considered when  the ordinary use of the auto was  in   mind.  Whether the "jitney" has come  to stay as a factor in the Vancouver transportation field is a question which only time will answer.  Whether it will be "economically  possible' , on the basis of a five  cent fare, to operate an' auto 18  hours per day, accommodate loads  beyond the rated capacity of the  car, meet operating costs and the  heavy maintenance charges incident  to continuous running of a strenuous type, make proper provision for  depreciation charges of an abnormal amount because of the heavy  work placed upon the car, pay, a  living wage for the driver and provide, interest on the investment represented " by the car���������these and '  kindred queries present questions  wihch cannot be fully answered  at present. Time only will give the  answer to each individual now engaged in the "jitney" bus business.  And it is quite possible, judging  by remarks now being made by the  drivers of ''jitney", busses, that  the answer will not be quite so satisfactory or of such a roseate hue  as was the case when the "jitney ''  first  came  to  town.  Whether'the "jitney" has come  to stay or not, however, it is certain that it must be placed in a  niche all, by - itself in the field of  autodom. A "jitney" is no longer  an auto in the ordinary sense of the  word as it has entered the field of  public transportation in a sense far  different from that occupied by ei* -  ther the taxi-cab or the auto offer-/  ed for hire. And, having entered  upon a new. field, it must take;  upon itself responsibilities which do  not devolve upon the auto in ordin-  ��������� ary   'use.'  \ ���������, V,'.;  The regulations wtiich apply to  ordinary motor vehicles will not  apply to the.'' jitney" and, from  the standpoint of the public, meet  the conditions. It .is ~ imperatively  necessary, for the good name of the  automobile world, that regulations-  limiting and definitely fixing the  responsibilities of the "jitney"  should   be   established.  Draft  regulations  covering  "jitneys "  oniy  the coast. Just at present the re"  suit of the deliberations of the  authorities is in doubts Whatever  may be the outcome, however, it is  certain that the legislation will 'ire-  cognize the "jitney." in a:doss: by  itself entirely apart from the auto  as_ ordinarily used���������which is as it  should be. ���������  " ate now being prepared, not  in . Vancouver,  but   all   along  NEUTRALS SCORED HEAVILY  Richard Harding Davis, in the  New York Tribune, states some  pain truths about the neutral nations in regard to their silent consent when Germany was breaking  treaties' and every international  law enacted by civilization1 with a  view to at least, humanizing wr.  We append the closing sentences  which amount to an indictment  of the policy of the United  States.  From the moment she broke  her word and entered the neutral  territory of Belgium the rights  >f every neutral were in jeopardy.  The man who is false to one will  be false to another. But the  neutral powers could-not see that  Balgium seemed so far away.  And ������n the United States we  were so entirely surrounded by  water, so comfortably safe. So,  although as joint signers of. the  agreement made at The Hague it  By Richv4 Warding Davis  the combat, smoking a cigar. But  stll he yells "Foul! "and threatens, the referee. WhyT. Because  he is in danger f No, because he  des������res fair play, and insists that  the rules of the game be respected.  If, at the start of this war,  our government and those of  South America, Italy, Spain,  way, Sweden, Denmark, Holland*  and Switzerland had jointly protested to Germany against the  outrages she committed, against  her breaking all the rules of civilized warfare, they might not  only have prevented the :destruc-  JL* __������        !��������� 1 __> ���������__*       '''__' A.  tion of lives and of cities, but  even might have brought the war  to a close.  "Think of America first!!'  Spoken by Holland or Switzer-  was our privilege and duty to,land or any neutral nation that  k*********************************4*************4*4*  fj SheUy'sAX Bread is so delicious flfo kiddies are  tested to swallow it in chunks.* ; gave them  che^r ttieir bread, as weU as ptheA ;  4 X 3rea4 is Tich in gluten, thus its nourishing '���������>.  value.  It is sweet and delicious.  Try. a slice and  c^ew it for nourishment and flavor; M  f Phone Fairmont 44, and ask us to deliver to your ''  door, or, ask your grocer.  44******************4*********4***************4*4***  XI  Mr. Jonathan Rogers, who was  president of the Vancouver Board  of Trade last year, will again fill  that office this year. Yesterday  Mr. Alfred Shaw, who was vice-  president last year, and who was  nominated for the presidency this  year, refused to allow his candidature to proceed in opposition  to Mr. Rogers.  The office of vice-president was  also filled by acclamation. There  had been four nominations for  the office, but Messrs. James Bam-  say, Gilbert Blair and W. H. Malkin retired in favor of. Mr. Geo.  E. Graham.  DEATH OF MR. J. J. 0REG6  The death took place yesterday at the age of 45, of Mr. John  James Gregg, ;6 14th Ave. west.  Mr. Gregg was a member of the  Mount Pleasant Methodist church  and of its quarterly board, in the  affairs of which he took a deep .  interest. He belonged to the firm  of Gregg & Munro, 3586 Commercial Drive, and was . connected  with the Loyal Orange Order  and the Canadian Order of Foresters. A widow and th������ee sons  | survive  him.  protest we said nothing. Nor  did any other neutral. And, emboldened by the silence Germany  one after another broke all the'  rules of war.  All war is wasteful, unintelligent, indecent. But steadily for  several hundred years the effort  has been to make it less inhuman  to limit the death and suffering it  entails to the actual combatants.  The effort has been to get away  from the days of the Huns, wbo  sacked, -looted and raped; from  the days of our Indians, who  burned villages; from the ethics  of Raisuli, the Moorish bandit,  and the Mexican cattle thieves,  who, with threats of death, hold  up non-combatants for money.  But to the days of * these out-  Tages Germany has returned.  Instead of neutrals setting the  standard for war they allowed  Germany to set it. They have allowed her to drag it back eight  hundred years. And guilty as  she is I cannot see that those  who stood by while eBlgium was  desolated and children and wo-  men were, killed by bombs, and  mines- were spread in the open  sea that belonged to all of them  are not equally guilty.  What Might Have Been  If. you go to a fight at the Garden and one of the men strikes  below the belt you will hear from  several thousand spectators. No  one is'hitting him. He is com-  'fortably, safely seated fat from  is small and weak, that sentiment  might be understood. Coming  from a great and powerful nation of a hundred millions it is  most unpleasant. Nor do I believe the American people are as  selfish as that. I also like to  think of America first, and: had  she made protest against the outrages of Germany in behalf of  the allies ras effronts to humanity  and civilization, when this war  is over she would have stood first..  But now it is too late.  When the burglars are finally  driven away the man who  thought of himself first and  crawled under the bed is not  given much consideration.        ,  Anniversary services will' be  held in Mount Pleasant Presbyterian church on Sunday next. In  the morning Rev. E. A. Henry, of  Chalmers church, will preach and  dispense sacrament, and in the  evening Rev. E. Leslie Pidgeon,  of St. John's church, will occupy  the pulpit.  Saving the Poor Horse  At the railway station a nice  old lady left the train and got  into a cab. The cabman said,  "Gimme your bag, lady, I'll put  it on top oj the cab."  "No. indeed!'' answered the*  dear old lady,  "that poor hoss  has enough to pull,  it on mv Ian,"  I'll jist hoi'  AT HOME  AT THE HOTEL  Ask for  Wilkinson's  The Health-Giving:  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes  THE HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY  SOLE  IMPORTERS Jjjjk<day^  THE WESTERN <5ALL  %  h  l'>'  GARDENS   ::   ORCHARDS  Mm* rad riant Early  In our stock of over $100,000 we 'bare everything to' meet reasonable human  desire in making beautiful gardens, in flowering plants; lowering and evergreen  shrubbery; rose bushes; shade trees; hedge stock, etc.- Also large and small  -fruit tree stock for your erchards and gardens.  Buy from us and thereby eneeur������ge home production for home consumption,  and  a' full  dinner  pail.  Our prices defy competition.      Catalogues mailed free on.application.  ROYAL HUR9KRIES, LIMITED  Store: 2410 Granville St., Fairview.   Tel. Bay view 1926.  Greenhouses and Nurseries  at' Boyal.   Telephone,  Eburne 43.  Head Office: 710 Dominion Bldg., 207 Hastings St. W.   Tel. Seymour 5556  J. Dixon G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 886 House Phone: Bay. 1137L  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Stor* Fixture ITanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1066 Dunamuir St. Vi  ^ a** A ������������������������������������?_^>.-^t.A*aW% A ���������?.���������%.-!���������������*��������� .fist. A  THAT NEW STORE  LEE BUILDING  169 BROADWAY E.  A complete line of Old Country Newspapers, also the leading  Eastern   Canadian   and   American   Papers.  Free   Delivery   Seattle   Sunday   Papers  ���������Magasines��������� J J.  ���������N  ^*^������^������^������^^<^������4*^,<S*,i**i������,f>*i,*I,*I*'I',I''t',I*^*^*^**i,*$>^* V>I^->������*^*I,*^"������^^^I**tt,i*^~������,^I<>I^>^*I**^^^������^**^****^>  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  \ LIMITED ���������*"  Vancouver, B. C.  4t4MHMt������H"H'*'i^"M''H"M^^^  MT. PLEASANT METHODIST  v CHOIR CONCERT  The' annual concert - of the Mt.  Pleasant Methodist choir was  held on Tuesday evening of this  .week' and 'proved, as usual, a  decided anccess, _surgasging all  previous. efforts." Madame" Tul-  isse has gathered together a choir  of over sixty voices and tbe work  done by them at this anual evet  was indeed a tribute, to the energy  and ability of their leader. Special mention must be made of  the     unaccompanied     choruses  "Hymn to Music" (Dudley Buck)  and "Britons Alert" (Elgar). In  lighter vein was given "The  Goslings," by Sir F. Bridge.  The ladies'; chorus (36 in number) gave an excellent rendering of "The Snow^' by Elgar,  accompanied by pianos and violins. The duets and quartets  deserving of special mention. ,  by members of the choir are also  -XMr^Har^:G^  did foirto and won recalls for  both: hisV numbers. As usual, Mr;  Harold kelson gave his readings  in a most masterly manner. Mr.  t>an Green delighted, the audience with bis harp solos, .Miss  Louise Conley, a young pupil of  Madame Tulisse, proved a surprise to the audience, and gives  great promise of future success.  Madame Tulisse was given an  ovation on her appearance to sing  her solo number "Lo, Here the  Gentle Lark," and at the conclusion was forced to respond to repeated recalls.  Taken in all the concert waa  a splendid success1 and a fitting  tribute to the careful tuition by  Madame Tulisse, one of the best  musicians of her day., Madame  ^Ttdisse has sung-as prime donna  in London, Eng., and has appeared with Sir Bejyy Woods' orchestra, the greatest orchestra  in the world. Ill-health has compelled her to' reside on this coast  and British Columbia's musical  ranks are greatly enhanced by  her presence. Her encore number to the lark song on Tuesday  night was "The Ivory Gates and  Golden" and was exquisitely rendered.    .,'���������'-',.   .''  ������������������!;������������������  The choir and Madame Tulisse  are to be heartily congratulated  on   the  splendid  entertainment.  Miss Bertha Hartwell and Prof.  Ainsley acted as accompanists.  vV; V VVVXX" :^VV;'VVtevVXXs^^$^^^sX  ��������� S-;;...'-.-'.....-v.v:^.������y^  ;w< xv; t^? ���������m^mr-ijm$tf$mvJi0*mu  *mmmamm**mm*M**m*mtm*m������m^MMmm>^  "��������� vx',v.xx j. %jj j^jjjyyyj^yM^^yyy  :'r'^^X?^':^X;jS!^  ���������V1-- -' J'j-J. ���������?'. JJJJjj Ja XXXlXM^XlXSX  V!' V' XV?X'":,;XXVX*XfeySV!-������lj^  XXXXvXX;S|XXl|X������X  v v.;-'tv tyyyHy&yjyMj-y!  k--:::'/yj'kyk/ik//kyMi  y./k%i0i&j0ij0i  VXVVl '.;..'��������� -'���������'* y'/fikJkijJ  XX*XX  rjm%<j?pit  VvV -XXXSv^X  ��������� -..'.f-'.^'i-i C;^ XX'^JX  ���������': V-'X :XVi';,f||XrX  '��������� ~.%y.J vXX^XXX  At; the home of^ Mr. and Mrs.  M. Scott, of 20th Ave. East, a  large gathering of friends "surprised" Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mc-  Kinney on Friday evening last,  and after an enjoyable social time  presented them with a beautiful  clock as a remembrance of their  esteem. Mr. and Mrs. McKinney  are well known in this locality  and are much esteemed by their  many friends. They propose  moving, shortly to their ranch on  the Delta.  YEAR  by presenting your good  wife with an up-to-date  motor washing machine and  ball-bearing wringer; one of  ours will 4 please her.  We have a complete stock  of Clothes Dryers, Washboards,. Wash Boilers, Tubs  and Clothes Pins.  We deliver promptly.  W, R. Owen J Mor rison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 ^337 Main Street  VANC0Uy������|t  TWSNTY-SUV^N  YJSAIfcS OW)  Correspondence  The following letter is interesting as showing where the minds  of thinking menare turning for,  an explanation of the great  movements of the day.  The letter was written by one  of our leading barristers to one  of our learned judges. It appeared to us to be of such interest that we begged a copy for  the Western Call. When written it was not intended at all  for publication.  1451 6th Ave. W.,  Vancouver, SB. C,  March 2, 1915.  t I take great pleasure in writing the following two quotations  relating to the subject of war in  relation to prophecy concerning  which we had a brief conversation recently.     -  Gen. 15-18: "In the same day  the Lord made a covenant with  Abram, saying, Unto thy seed  have I given this land from the  river ofXEgypt unto the great  river,   the   river  Euphrates."  Now, I think it may be fairly  said, as far as our knowledge of  history goes that the whole of  that territory has never up to  the present been governed by the  seed of Abraham:  The next quotation is from  Mr. Asquith's speech at the Lord  Mayor's banquet, October, 1914,  as published in Wall Street Journal:  "The entry of Turkey into the  war, means the death knell of  Ottoman domination, not only in  Europe, but in Asia. As an independent  entity  Turkey  disap  pears. Russia will hot on|y own  the Constantinople shore of the  Bosphorous and the sea of Marmora, but both sides. V Great  Britain will take over, not merely Egypt, by absolute annexation; which she is now entitled  to do, but Arabia, Syria, all the  German railroad concessions and  sphere of influence in the Euphrates Yalley, all Asiatic Tur-  ey to the frontier of Persia, making a continuous British Empire  from the Italian frontier of Tripoli in Africa to Siam, for southern Persia is merely a protectorate, and Beloochistan is no  more."  If the theory of. Anglo-IsraeL  is correct this declaration looks  like the fulfillment of the promises made to Abram.  Yours sincerely,  X        WM.  SAVAGE.  W. Calder  F. Chapman  Office Telephone: Sey. ������������������'JjJJ  Merchants Cartage Ga  ; EXPREffi, TRUCK AND PRAY  Orders by Jlail Or Telephone Promptly Attended to.  Feed and Sale. SUbles: |46   Wftter   Street  716 Cambie Street      Phone Sey. 3073 VANCOUVER, B. C.  SCOTS HOME RULE LEAGUE  The annual meeting of The International Scots Home Rule  League was held at 1127 Granville street on the aftei'noon of,  Thursday, 24th February, Vice-  Pres. Mr. Wm. Thomson presiding. . Officers were elected for  the ensuing year as follows: President, R. C. Campbell-Johnstone.  MME.; vice-president, T. Shankiej  2nd vice-president, Mrs. Taylor;  treasurer, A. G. Dickson; secretary, J.- Grant. The usual committees-were appointed and arrangements made toXneet again  at an early date to inaugurate a  campaign for increasing the  membership. Three delegates  were appointed to attend the  meetings of The United Scottish  Societies, now in course of formation.  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is nol excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  This is the Oldest Established  Market in Vancouver, an example  of "The Survival of the Fittest"  Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor: FRANK TRIMBLE  Phone: Fairmont 257 i\. -rt*<������rJ _j^^,\ w������ _,  _m- uuH   t/ -v������j _* >  8  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, March 5th', 1915.  ���������������������������������������������>������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������������;���������  I SOCIAL AND PERSONAL  ANNOUNCEMENT  ?���������������*���������������������������<���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������  General Assembly, addressed a  large meeting of. presbytery on  Tuesday'" morning in St. John's  church.1. In the afternoon the call  from Mount Pleasant congregation  to  Rev.  James Wilson,  of  The management of the Western Call is desirous v>f. making  this paper a select home paper,  to be read with interest by every   ^^    v  ^^    ���������������������������������������������������   ���������MBW  member  of  the  family.  Itsi  cir- TorontVwas susteinedVinTwrn  culation is largely south of False  Creek and in the Mount Pleasant  district. We ask all those who  have items of interest to this  community to send them in for  'publication not later than Wednesday evening- of each week, and  the management will take pleasure in inserting them in the  current issue of the call.  Mr. F. J. McKellar, of the T.  M. C. A., has returned from Victoria, where he. was doing relief  duty at the Willows '***.������  Jtev,( P.  T.   Pilkey,   of:Fort  George, was in the city this week     The,Gaelic society do not often  the guest,of his uncle and aunt, advertise a special concert, but  Mr. and Mrs.  John  McAllister, when they do, the program is us  Shaughneasy Heights. naljy a good one. Thursday even  ing at the Pender hall the large  Rev. Dr. Sipprell, of Mount number of the public present were  Pleasant Methodist church, is entertained w'th a musical pro-  conducting, special  meetings   in SI*1? of- a W order. Pipers D.  go on to the Toronto presbytery.  Rev* J. C. Craig, recently inducted into the pastoral charge  of Westminster Presbyterian  church, 26th and Sophia, preached his initial sermons in that capacity on Sunday last. Rev. Mr.  Craig has an enviable record in  Central Park, and should he] a  splendid successor 'to Rev. 4re&J  Ireland in the South Vancoiiy^r  church. There is a wide fietd  and much work to be done.  THE UNEMPLOYED PROBLEM  Can this be done? Can the  twenty thousand workers in the  industria1 establishments of this  province remai11'' breadwinners?  Can the tens of tens of thousands  of industrial workers in Canada  continue to support themselves  and their families?  The  answer is  yes,  they can  contihue in their employment in  nearly as large numbers as be  fore the war if. every Canadian  wjll realize that every dollar sent  out of the country for products  which can be obtained of home  manufacture is reducing the employment of some Canadian factory, and so far as we are con  cerned in B. C." every dollar'sent  out of the province unnecessarily is helping to swell the ranks  of   the < half-times   and   out-of  works,    "i      -.     ' '- ' X  WHERE THERE IS   .  NO COLOR LINE  North Vancouver Thursday and  Friday evenings of this week.  Rev. W. F. Kerr, of New Westminster, addressed the students  of the city in Mount Pleasant  Presbyterian church - on Sunday  evening last.  The Ladies' Guild of Mount  Pleasant Presbyterian church are  busy making preparations for i  high-class concert to. be held' in  the school room' (W^fte' evening  tof St. Patrick V Vm*& lfbi-ol  March. '"'"*  '  "'*  Rev. T>r. Herridge, of Ottawa,  -moderator   of   the ' Presbyterian  Maclver and/J. Begg opened the  program with soul-stirring ������otes.  The' purely "Scots" part was  ably-sustained by Miss Mollison,  Miss Jaffray, Madam Lillian Davie; Mr. David Macleod and Mr.  A. G. Dickson, while the. Gaelic  part was well looked after by  Mrs.- J. Mackenzie, Mr. D. J.  Macdonald and Mr. D. McAulay.  Miss Nettie Nicol amply sustained her reputation as a highland  dancer, and little Miss May Keith  was simple captivating in her  comnc singing. Mrs. M. Ogilvie  played the accompaniments and  Mr. John ML Ross acted as M.C.  at the dance with which; the  evening's, enjoyment was concluded.  ���������4itii><"i"i"iiit"t"i' i-i"t',i"i"i"t' iiH"t l<"l"<"i' ii..i.i|i.|-i_ ^���������i..s..>.i..i..s..t������i..i.^..;..|";":":":'^^' >  ������     -      * ���������- > 4 ������  ot Bouts  4  , I  I "  Are you going to  wear tWs winter?  * -"  Why  ' 4  i teckfc's, of Course  And I am going to see that my wife buys them  lor THE BOYS too.   They are the best to  wear and are made in Vancouver.  **������*S,^'t������**<4>1"'l,,I' 't* 't*^* 'S*^' *!' 't1'?''?''?' 'I' 'I' 'S*^1 'I* 'I"!"!' '8*������!'������!' ������t* '1' '{"I* '1' 't* 't* *!' 'I' 'I' 't* >i_^"?' 't' *t' 'I' 't' 'X' '1' 'I' 'I' 'T' 'I' 4*  Ebenezer Baptist church, Chi  cago, one of the largest negro  congregations there, is conducting'an extensive charily for the  "down and outs." in which it  draws no "color line." The'  charity is a free dinner at the  church-five day* a week,' at  which.an average of fonr white  unfortunates to one colored' constitute the racial ratio' of beneficiaries. The ��������� expense, which'  averages dost to $20 in cash per  day, in addition to donations of  groceries, is borne by the congrer  gation. Last year 3,752 white  men and 1,002 colored men were  fed.  s  REST  PERIOD  FOR  CATTLE  f*  9V!  STOREY &  ���������; 518-520 BEATTY ST.  PJione Seymour 8l7t  CAMPBEU-  VANCOUVER, &.C.  MANUFACTUKERS OF  tight and Heavy harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, t*eggins, etc.  A large stock ot Trunks and Valises always j;  . on hand.  BUGGIES, WAQONS, Etc.  . Leather or all kinds. ' Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������,���������������������������������������,���������.������������������������������������������������������������������������������,������i������;  Longer Than, Usual Last Year  and Problem Now is to' fix-  tend Work Period.  In. the fall of 1914 many .dairy  cows dried off somewhat earlier,  than usual on account of scarcity  of feed. Others stopped milking  because their owners have let  them get the habit of putting up  their shutters at the same time  that the cheese' factory boarded  up its windows. However long  ihe period 6f rest may have beeji  six weeks or four months,������cows  will "soon beT "ready for business  as usual during 1915. Now tike  point arises, can the period qf  work' be extended? That means  careful preparation in a variety  of ways. '    ('  One item may well .be noted  by the dairyman who has not y^{  endeavored' to shorten that rest  period. Jt does not follow that  if cow giving, 1200. lbs. of milk  or so during fyer first month wiU  give as much,'during the whole  season as the cow that gives only  800 lbs. the first month. The first  one may be dry in a little over,  seven months and then settle  down to extended repose, while  the second cow will be producing  fo rten months, enabling her own*,  er to take > advantage of good  prices in'fall and winter. Obviously, therefore, correct judgment' as to a' oow's production  is to- pe based on a knowledge,,  of thetotel weight for the season,  not for the best month or two  only, for that period of rest is a  very vajriable factor.  Keeping track of the weight  given by each cow is simplified  by using the forms supplied free  by the government. Write- to  the daily, commissioner, Ottawa,  for samples bf the record forms  for three days per month, and  those for daily weights. It will'  be still better to take samples as  well as to learn by the test how  much fat each cow gives. J  . i  ���������������������������*������������������^���������^m       ���������������������������  EFFECT 07 MEADOW WEEDS  WE wish to announce a complete change of business management in  - the TERMINAL CITY PRESS,   I/TD.,   and  THE WESTERN ,  CALL.   New equipment has been added to our printing plant,  and at the present time we are able to compete in quality and price with  any printing organization in British Columbia.  *  THE WESTERN CALL is now undergoing; changes, which will bring  it to the front as a qietrdpolitan weekly newspaper for the home. The  Western Call at all times has stood for cleanliness and morality in public  and private life, and a clean defense .of the rights of the people. The  Western Call will forge ahead on merit and not through sympathetic or  partisan methods. If you are interested in advancing these policies, let us  have your practical support.  We are located at 2(53-7 Kingsway, where We will be pleased to serve *  om* patrons, renew old acquaintances, and rectify possible past errors.  * )  If you are contemplating the use of fine printed matter; see our samples and, get our prices.   Our Telephone is FAIRMONT 1140.  THE TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LTD.  ^ 203-7 KINGSWAY  TAX THE WELL-TO-DO  .���������>������������������������*���������>���������<���������>���������>���������>���������>���������>���������>���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������*���������>������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  FLOUR IS CHEAP  98 lb. Sack for  $3.50  WE GUARANTEE THIS TO BE NO. 1 BREAD FLOUR.  Only a Few Sacks Left.   Order at Once.  We have just received a carload of Shuswap Timothy  Hay.   This hay is fxesh and green and equal to Idaho.  Our Poultry Supplies are a revelation. We welcome your  enquiries.  1    - Fm T. Vernon  J   tints Ftlrant S7WM X     255 Inaiwaj Eut >  ������������������������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������*������������������������������������������������������������������  Weeds, growing in -hay crops  may actually increase the tonnage., of cured hay. But if. .farmers had .pqrts; of plants of  Hfrprmseed; mustard, false flax,  'shepherd's purse, mayweed, etc.,  finely ground and mixed with  their porridge they would better  appreciate ;why v dairy cows or  horses toss ��������� weedy hay out of  their mangers. Some inconsiderate farmers chop weedy hay in a  cutting box,^ thus preventing  their stock form picking it over  and avoiding the weeds. They,  do not seem to realize that mtfny  such weeds are unwholesome or  even poisonous, and that when  forced to eat them animals fail  to make gains, or yield a small  quantity of badly-flavored milk  and become generally unthrifty.  If forced to eat such feed they  will consume only sufficient for  their existence. The most economical gains are obtained from  feeds which are not only highly  nutritious from a chemical point  of view, but are also relished by  the stock.  Editor Western Call:  In regard to the war tax which  the government is about to- put  in force, I do not wish to criticize the course they "have taken,  for I know that the expense to  which the country has been put  must be met, and I believe that  the people of Canada will accept  the same in the right spirit. But  may I ask is it' fair that the  tradesmen and the working men  be called upon to bear this^ burden when business is so bad, and  thousands of. men have been cut  in their salary or put on half  time, and iriany have been laid  off indefinitely? Sir, should not  the men who are holding high po-  sisions bear some of the burden?  What about our premiers, cab-  inet Ministers, members of parliament, tjne mayors ofs pur. cities,  md our city solicitors; yes, and  ������ might mention the ministers of  some of our city churches, and  many others wbo are drawing  from $2,500 up to $10,000 a year.  Ape they willing to.show their  loyalty, and_ patriotism^ by _ leading the way,_and take a reduction in salary and by-so doing  help a litt'e ?  One Who Would Like to Know.  ftQ DECLARATIONS NUEDBD  Mr. Andrew-Stewart,1 liquidator  for the Dominion Trust Company,  has announced that depositors  need not file statutory declarations with him ' to establish the  validity of their claims. All they  have to do is to send in their  pa^s books to be compared with  the records in the company's  books and when the depositors  sign the slip presented to them,  accepting the statement of the  balance as being correct, this is  accepted by the liquidator as a  claim by the depositor for that  'amount. ' This arrangement has  been made to lessen the expense'  necessary to the depositors.  ,������     ���������-.���������^������������������������������������.���������-^-^-  Regular Service on P. O. E.  Starting next Monday the P.  G. E. Railway will put into effect  a regular mixed passenger and  freight service on the completed  sections of its road to Lillooet,  120 miles , north of Squamish,  Trains will be operated each way  three times a week, connections  being made both northbound and  southbound with the boat from  Vancouver.  No. 1, the northbound train,  will leave Squamish at 1 o'clock  in the afternoon on Mondays,  Wednesdays and Fridays, and  No. 2 southbound, will leave on  Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday  afternoons at, 2.15 o'clock. The  boat from Vancouver leaves at  9.15 o'clock in the mornings and  returns at 6 o'clock in the even-  MOUNTED TROOPS Of THIRD CPWTINOlWT  mm  AgHlNPTPNtft-Pt  ^SHW-jjj-Il- /:\i      ���������  -*?y&< T  zMt*.r- c i j u. > .���������;. ~ --'-  THE HOUSE Of AMERICAN IDEALS  #OTEi.P0W.HATAN  " IS  NEW.  JWPHOOF. EUBOPPAN.  IttSTrW.     PWIam     JKASOIUftU.  Rooms witli 4^nM Nft,  flOOlJlf wftfc yrinft MA,  BooUtt flc Map es rt*n������������t.  f 1.50 \m*Um  k}2.Q0f*t*Um  0. OWEN  Manager  Use fuel OH  and Save Money  If you are interested in reducing your Fuel Bill,  see us. We are saving money for others, and can  do the same for you.  We supply and install Ftiel Oil Plants of all  descriptions. We do not advocate a cheap plant,  but we can satisfy you when results are considered.  We have a large number of plants now in operation in hotels, - offico buildings, apartment houses,  schools and colleges.  Fuel Oil Equipment Company  LIMITED  * 713 Pacific Bldg.     Phone Sey. 3727    Vancouver, B. C.  *��������������������������������������������� ���������'���������-''���������      ..;......   -..-X. "v ���������....  i ni i-1 * it :ii 11 him i**4********.n I** ***** inmn 111

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