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The Western Call Feb 19, 1915

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 V/'  >   ���������*  7'  illlllSl^^  Published in the Interests oilff||||^^  Volume VI.  VANCOUVER, BRITISggP^^  ;:w.--  Buncoing the Land  T iTn'i  The Mayoralty Situation in Vancoiiver���������  100,000 People Surge Around Tabernacle���������Billy Sunday's Seventh Consecutive  BILLY SUNDAY'S  SEVENTH WEEK  IN PHILADELPHIA  100,000 PEOPLE SURGE  AROUND TABERNACLE  PEN PICTURE OF TBE EVANGELIST  By Unfriendly Neutral  Billy Sunday is in the seventh week of his  engagement at Philadelphia. Two million people  have passed in and out of the Tabernacle doors  and tens of thousands of men, women arid children have "hit the sawdust trail," grasped  Billy's hand and publicly declared their intensions for Christ.  On Thursday last the Philadelphia police had  to be called in to handle the throngs that stormed the Tabernacle and threatened to produce a-  panic. "V      ' '    ���������>      ,   - \ X  At eleven in the forenoon the Tabernacle was  jammed���������every square inch packed with throb-  _ brag humanity and outside,' a .crowd variously  ['/estimated  at  from  50,000 Ato   100,000   surged  around the building seeking admission.   ,  The meeting was advertised for 2 p.m.,vbut^  J .tit 11 ������.m������ "Billy" was telephonedCfor and 'acted  lipromptly.'       ~   , . '   X-   /'  tx'X'-Tell thera,'' he drdered, "that I,will come  L right down and preach my sermon to those in-'  Side.   Then the Tabernacle will be_, immediately  beared, the! outsiders will'jbe admitted and I will  Repeat the sermon ;at .qnce-for the,second, audi:.  ��������� ence.'/   ,      * .     .   ������������������-''   .     ���������-   .  And that is what he did.   The first audience  was hurried out of the' Tabernacle and the sec-  L ond was hurried in���������-arid still,- so far as anyone  r inside'could judge, the streets and the square  I were as black with disappointed people as they  hacl ever been.     ,.  - The Emergency Hospital was kept so busy  that the doctors and nurses lost count of the  numbers of cases they handled and simply revived the women as quickly as possible and sent  therii home..  All but two of the cases were fainting from1  I exhaustion, due to the heat, and the fact that  kthe women had had neither breakfast nor lunch.  With hardly an exception, Philadelphia pro-  fN fessidnal,, educational, religious, social, business  and above all, working class Philadelphia has  fallen for "Billy."^ He is there-considered-superlatively as "The prophet of the Lord."  There are, of course, exceptions, andjf they  could be heard many critical voices raised���������but  it is hard for them to get a hearing in Philadelphia to-day.    v ^  We append a graphic description of the  Evangelist from the pen of one who riiight be  classed as an unfriendly neutral���������a reporter of  the New York Evening Post, wha writes from  Philadelphia:  After weeks of first-hand contact with Sunday, one does not easily doubt his sincerity. It  may be doubted whether he ever applies the acid  test of. introspection to his own emotions, his  methods, his conclusions, his startling array of  slang, yet they are His words, his emotions, and  he sticks by them- When Sunday says: "The  man who denies the divinity of Christ is a dirty  liar!" he means it.  Playtf Upon Crowd Emotion  People have called him a great crowd psychologist. 'More truly, perhaps, he has the crowd  instinct: He senses the craving for a laugh as a  relief from pathos, pathos and shock as a relief  from laughter,, frenzy as a strenuous climax to  cold denunciation.  Certainly he dominates a crowd. He has  never lost the attention of his audiences for a  moment. He has a curious, uncanny adaptability to their demands. He drives ,them through  the whole gamut of emotions from shrieking  laughter to" shuddering fear of hell; but he never  fails to give them a thrill that they, can relish.  Women listen" with streaming eyes to his  story of the little daughter of an infidel, dying  ui her father's arms. She prays for "Daddy,"  with her last breath. "Suddenly her eyes light  up,and she cries: "Oh, daddy, there's mamma  arid Jesus, and the angels coming for nie!' "  He flies off on a denunciatory tangent against  "infiedity," while these same women lean forward, and nod their heads, frowning bitter  frowns.  *'Oh," he cries, "when there are empty  chairs at your fireside,. when there are newly  made graves in your cemetery, .when the death  dew is on the brow of your loved one,-when the  death rattle sounds in the throat, when the dear  (Continued on page five)  4*  1  X  flftivill^lXEvSx  >XV-.:v:'���������'::������������������ ������������������-r^:^.,^:.-^. ;,';,v'-g>X-V.^f^ga^fg||a  .A-;,v@'eniiariy.^  f*w&:Jtuffi:::}W  ; c.\eL\m\myy^ '"  Gerawri submarine w^isighted during the,,������-._,,  24 ; h0tm|^  ^w^e^riotV'^^  **&������$'; erier^ K^ ~~.~*.*. -. a ������������������(^^���������r^e&Rv&n  .$--$'������������^^  V^romptlyV^^^  ;;pliMes||)h^^  VDbver^:SiSt^;V^i.s; only V shlghtly ^ii������^geliil ....,,    t      ......  Iwil^f^sh^  ��������� ;VrVvZeppelin?ictiyiii^i:iri^  :watchirij^  ^Vfowards^Bri^  v hay (e*iffh^ady?'-8^  ^rWeiather^Vjhayin  u^Y"  wky$$M/kyyyjy  ATTENTION!   MH. BOWSEJt  *���������  BUNCOING THP WNP BPECUMlll  ^Vr&rtaJ  ;V*S'  *r*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4******\f ********************+*+*+*+************************  Nobody has" any sympathy for the Land speculator.   Jf be succeeds ^e is a  land-shark.   If be loses be is just a plain ordinary fool, and as sucbtakes bisx  - jnedicine* ���������:  - - --���������  ���������x _ .x^*X*X-  All tbe same there are some laws or principles of common 'honesty and   :  decency tbat are often trampled under foot .by tbe "idealist'* in land policies and  "buncoing tbe investor" even when practiced in the name of reform always,  brings its aftermath generally unpleasant.  And tbis is wbat is happening now in Canada and particularly in British  Columbia. ' -   -x xv^x.xx  British Columbia land laws are not "ideal."   Still, with all its faults ^private property in land has been the policy adopted by most states under the AngioT  Saxon rule���������and is the policy tbat-has been in force in BritishC^  the clamor for modern ideals struck us a few years ������gox  We have no hesitation in saying that the confiscatory taxation and legislation advocated andi in many instances put in force throughout Western Canada  has had more to do with breaking down Canadian credit and stopping the flow  of men and money into our new and undeveloped land than all other causes, the  war included, put together.  Let us put thec case plainly for the man who has invested his money in B. C.  Lands. ; v   .������.   X "<  British Columbia Land Laws permit a; man to stake and then alienate  from the Crown in person or by agent 640 acres of land upon the payment of  50 cents per acre after due advertising and the necessary costs of locating,  staking and surveying same.  As late as 1909 very few had taken advantage of this privilege except in  and around the more populous centres and by those who had located on the  lands thus alienated. X  . About 1909 however, a movement began to alienate the B. C. Crown Lands  in large blocks. This was mainly done by Land Agents''''interesting individual  men and -women to buy sections located by them.  In most histances, probably, men and women were prompted by the purely  speculative instinct, but in very many instances the idea prevailed that some  day would comewhenthey,the investors could retire ttik their sectionof land  and build a comfortablehome for their old age.  The result was that about 5,000,000 acres of wild land was thus alienated  from the B. C. Government and about $2,500,000 handed over to the treasury as  first payment, while at least $4,000,000 cash "was also paid as charges for locating, staking and surveying.  At this time the price of land was $2.50-for second class and $5.00 for  first class lands.   The taxation was 10 cents per acre and interest 6 per cent.  The cost of holding this land, then, was roughly speaking, 22 cents per acre }  per year. X-X x X  At the very height of the land staking movement the government suddenly doubled the price of landx  (Continued on page five, r? ^  X.iX^:.  ���������j.;coric6rav yPwgdeni-^^  seem deterjiined tovkeepVthe' Uriitecf States rieuX '.&&$M*&tfl  twi1 andv freeVof serious Veritanglements^with the^  .. warring nations.   AH questions that arise" coi^-i  X-erriirig the conduct of th^V^ubUcVareVto^bet  jesolyed;.;wit^;': th������9se Jehmk^m^k.kJky'[y:yyky  ;  Protection of citizeris arid'commerce dif ifoX  VniU>$:\Sta^:jy:-:i^kJk-jyj  Mairiteiarice of strict neutrality toward the  ligerentsf. .-V-Xx X'-';: x?" ��������� yky^yyi-'kyj^'/'-kk  , .Carefiri'-compliance  ;i;iriteraaitiorial:;iaw.V:.VVv:^V: Vf-V^-;VX,;^';XX;:^>  J..;; XThis is alright; hut ^  rimuck of; all kriown precedents arid laws of ina- -  tioris and withvmany citizensV of the U. S; abbutX  to cross the war zone Iri both directions, to sayV 1  riothipg of vessels and cargoes, "the situation may X  develop- iu an interesting way and at any^bvlx  ^erit^get-out^ofHiaridrX^  the situation on the eiistern frorit ha^  yeti heepme quite clear.   But suffiei^riewscM  to hand, with: confiririatiori to show >that vori  Hindenburg has *nade one more grand drive at/;  i Warsaw, this time by. attacking in-overwhelmingX  force thevRussians; in East Prussia.-    'J:J."yyyj-^  Berlin is celebrating another greatr victory V  over Russia:, and the Kaiser claims jjiat"his  beloved land is once more freeVfrom thei eneriiy^'- :  There is no doubt that the Russians have  ^eyiicuated East Prussia, and retired -to their defences on the Nieraen, also that a great battle is  now paging near Augusfowo in northwest Poland,  but indications are strong that the Grand Duke  Nicholas had made provisio' for the drive arid7  1 "he who fights and runs away will .live to fight  another day." >  It is also quite clear that the Russians have  evacuated Bukovina, having withdrawn across  the Pruth, but the Carpathian Passes, Galicia  mid Central Poland, are all held unshaken, and  the great final advance of the Russian steam  roller is at hand.  On the Avestern front greater activity is re- '  ported, but Avith no definite advance to* report  The Canadian first contingent is now on the  firing line.and our boys have.at last secured  their heart's desire. _ X  Britain has now an array on tho continent  exceeding 750,000 men.   France inust have com-4  pleted Iver mobilization and equioriient and'the  day of great events is nearing.     *  From Copenhagen comes the retort that Get*,  many is terrified with the possibility of beiust  starved out���������but too much reliance should not -  be placed on these reports.   Germany has .shewn  every  tvidence of being, prepared Xo  the last -  'bittton.: - .   . -J:,--'-���������"..-���������:.:v  THE. MAYORALTY  IX D. Taylor has been declared legally disqualified   on   a   technical   point.   The   mayor's  diair is, therefore, vacant, and a new election  in order;  The feeling in Vancouver is, however; against  v. contest and on every hand expressions of annoyance are heard that at such a time the business of the city should be hampered by election  turmoil. ff: S-  '!'.'     >  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, February 19, J915.  ,<  Mount Pleasant  Dry Goods House  NEW WASH  GOODS  Best Quality Prints. 32  in. wide, fast colors .. 15c  Best English  Ginghams,  , fine  soft texture.  Spe-  . cial, yard 15c  New Crepes, pretty little  flowered  and  checked  ��������� , ���������>  .  N  designs, per yd. ..... 15c  New Voile in, plain and  fancy, 40 in. wide, extra  fine, per yard 60c  36-inch Soft Silk and Colored Silk" Crepe. Spe-  v cial, yard  .$1.00  Best values in Table Linens, "Sheetings, Cottons, ������  Lawns, Etc.  Watch for our,Ad. Next  Week  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������������������<���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  ' i ' *  ���������i   SNIDER BROS. & BRETHOUR, CONTRACTORS  1;  ���������>. ���������- ���������      . ' ;,  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������>*������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>��������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������������������*������������������������������������>���������>���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������������������������������������������>���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  4* 1.'  ;.   ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������������������������������������<������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������������������������������������������������������������������������<������������������������������������������������   j  1     I   GOAL   |  i    *4������4************+*****************************4*    i  1'"��������� xl xM*#: <xX' -��������� '"v:' y'  if -'', ->"5X  V H X      X    >  You can prove the. actual saving in cash if you ' <<  ] I  will try one ton of our Old Wellin^on Coal.  This .���������������  ] ���������   coal will reduce your fuel bill without reducing the  heat. ���������  "  LUMP - - . - - ., $7.00  NUT - - - - .$5.50  PEA      - $4.00  SLACK .... $3.50  BRIQUETTES $6.50  WOdD���������Choicest Dry Fir Cordwood $3;00 per load. j  i    ���������4*4*j4*4*4*4*4***4*4*4*4******)*������**>****>******+**������  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, lid.  . - Seymour 5408-5409.  4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*********k**********************4*4i  4*  < ���������  4*  ��������� >  4*  Cor. Main & 8th Ave.  ��������� t������������l4>44>44)4������4������������t������t'������������������������4>^  ' ��������� ��������� Why you should ,buy at;,  Independent  ^Prug Store;;  ��������� *   Cor- 7fli Ss. Main    i  ;; -. v  ;; 1���������We are ejose to your ;;  ;      borne; ;;  > 2���������We have as frig a ,,  >' stock as any other 0  ' :_JP?ug^ Store in VanL;;  f      couver. ,,  ��������� 3���������We bave two expert '*. i  ��������� Prescription prug- <������  ;; gists.       , \>  '* 4���������You can pbone your ''  ,',      wants and obtain the .'  Mar ret & Rei4  1    Fnono Fairmont 999      *  ^���������������������������������������������������������������t*������������������������t������������������������������t������������������  Phone Seymour 9086  The other day we read this little  advertisement in the "Classified"  section of a  newspaper:  "Tbis place must be sold at once.  Any reasonable offer considered, as I  need the money."  Such an advertiser's extremity is  the saver's opportunity, because he  can use his savings to buy a piece of  real estate at a price which will net  him a good profit when this temporary depression and "period of liquidation" is over, which will be  very soon, unless all signs fail.  FOE GOOD  INVESTMENTS  SEE  US  Dow, fraser Trust Co.  182 HABTTWOS  ST. WEST  McKay,  Station, Burnaby  The New Detention Building, Vancouver.  , The new Immigration Building, which completed, will cost well on to $300,000, is now  under construction by the well known Vancouver firm of contractors, Messrs. Snider Bros, and  Brethour. All the partners of this company are Native Sons and have already erected in Victoria  and Vancouver probably the largest number bf buildings of any contracting firm in the country.  ������������������4������������������������,������>������,���������������,������������������������������.���������������������,������������������������,������>+>���������������������������������������������������,���������������������������������������,������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������>���������������������*������������������������������������������������������������������.���������������������������������������������  MI8CELLAISIEOU  i+4+4-*>*+* >���������������������������*������������������������.���������������������������������������������������>���������*���������*������������������������**���������>������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������������������������������������������������������  A CONTRAST  German/ has a population of sixty-five  millions.  Canada has a population of seven millions.  Germany in area is less than the province of  Saskatchewan.- <  Ontario is approximately equal to France and  Germany combined.        ' a  The population of Germany is literally tread,  ing itself under foot by overcrowding. '  Canada is suffering from the want of men.  , What is true of Germany is true- more or less  of all Western Europe- The nations are" in  acute need of. elbow, room. Swarming time has.  come for Europe with its accompanying confusion. The following shows that a land se- large,  so fruitful, so rich in natural resources as Canada must and will attract multitudes as soon as  the war ends, and the people begin to settle down  under the new conditions.  fhe Future of Canada  "Ontario gets 6,000 islands as a result of the  settlement of the boundary dispute announced  from Ottawa" this week.   The fact" brings a re-^  minder of the almost stupefying size of Canada."  The islands referred to are in Georgian Bay.  The question was one of jurisdiction, not ownership, and as it happens that the same political  party is in power at Ottawa and at Toronto, the  people do not seem to have cared much' which  place an applicant for an island had to go to.  Still the fact that so little public interest was  shown in 6,000 islands is rather remarkable.  Me have heard so often that Canada is nearly as large as Europe, and Ontario nearly as  large as France and Germany together, that the  statement has almost lost its interest for us.  Yet it is of vital interest, not because more extent of territory is all-important, but because it  throws light upon the tremendous possibilities of  Canada and the responsibilities they involve.  With an area nearly as large as that of Europe, Canada has a population only about equal  to that of Belgium before the war- The Belgians  have done wonderful things with.a bit of land  equal to three or four Ontario counties. Their  farmers are experts in intensive cultivation, and  important manufacturing industries were created-  All thia we hope to see revived when the German  military post is removed. The Belgians have also  achieved immortal fame through the heroism  with which they have defended their country.  '���������'/���������  It has been predicted that before the end of.  the century Canada will have a population of  eighty million people. Even with such a population, ten times that which now. inhabits Canada,  our country would be very sparsely populated in  comparison with Europe. Yet when one considers the home and social life of eighty million  people, the schools and universities, the churches,  the varied, industries of town and country, the  social problems arising out of the relations of  capital and labor, he feels that Canada has -a future of great opportunity and of great responsibility. X-V - -,'v'--x.  The world is in a state of transition. A new  Europe will emerge out of the present war, and  it is to be-hoped that there will be firmer security for right, and a development of international law and order, and perhaps of. international co-operation. Canada will eventually  rank, not among the smaller but among the  larger nations, whose co-operation in world-work  will be sought.  TBE VOICE OF GERMAN LABOR  The German Socialists may stand for peace in  .the abstract, but they,are solidly, behind the  military party in support of the war. That was  made .plain some time ago when every Socialist  member of the Reichstag, . save the Socialist  leader, Pr. JCarl Jnebknecht, voted in favor, of  the huge war credit asked by the government.  Liebknecht' voted' alone against granting the  money to carry on the. war, and declared tbat  within the party there were many who dissented  from the action taken by the majority in support  of. the military caste.  ������ v  The result of his stand is that Pr. Liebknecht  has been, strongly censured by the Socialists and  practically drummed out of the party. The  ostensible offence for which he has been disciplined is the breaking of the rule that tbe party  should vote as a unit, no matter what "differences  may be- shown in caucus. No party carries the  tyranny of the caucus farther than the Socialists.  The-resolution passed puts ithe emphasis on this  feature _of._the._Sociah8t_leader>_ transgression  and states that "the Socialist' party strongly  condemns Karl Liebknecht's' breach of discipline,  and it repudiates the misleading information he'  has spread concerning proceedings within the  party. The party is determined it shall vote as  a unit in the Reichstag. If any Deputy is unable  conscientiously to participate in the voting he  may abstain, but he must not give his abstention  tbe character of a demonstration."  Behind this carefully worded resolution there  is the sinister fact that Liebknecht is against the  war and the other Socialist members of the  Reichstag are for it- The incident once more  \erapha8izes what well informed/ press" correspondents have been saying ever since August: that  people who will fight to the death. The hope  of internal trouble which would paralyze the  military operation's of the Kaiser and his war  lords is not likely to be realized.. The Socialists  who have repudiated Liebknecht will march with  resolution to the front when called upon. The  task before the Allies is a great one, but it must  be accomplished if civilization itself is to endure.  It is no will-o'-the-wisp dream of military glory  that has carried German Socialism from its  moorings, but a determined purpose to make  Germany the worlq-s^dominant state and to"  cmsh all who stand in the way of that purpose.  For Socialism, as for militarism, the battle cry is  world power or downfall. , ������������������������������������  SEALED  SECURITY  is essential to safe investment.  OOur Debentures guarantee a  a return of 555���������are negotiable  DEBENTURES   -are secured by $7,480,339  Assets.  4% on Savings Deposits. Subject to cheque  withdrawal, interest compounded quarter-  yearly.  The Great West Permanent Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg., Ground Floor  R. J. POTTS, Manager.  HOIJSEHOI I) C*()()I)S   -OFH( fc MIRNiriJHt  (u:-f_in  011)1^.    *Nl)  .    nUSI      IDM.4.1  (    NUu'N If.   VUM t)< , IAMAUA     '  M_a;nj"ni_!mLLHia!i������T2:!5%  JJOVMfi - PACKING- STORMW-iMPPMft  PHON& SEYMOUR 7360. Of FICE 957 PUTTY ST-  AMERICA'S DEBT TO GREAT BRITAIN.  Chas. W. Elliott, President Emeritus of Harvard, speaking at the annual luncheon of the  Pilgrims in the Whitehall building, New York,  said that the reason for Ajnerican sympathy with  Britain in her present struggle was "because of  the great debt that we owe her. ��������� ���������        X  V "This debt," he said, "lay in her practice and  teachings of civil and religious liberty; in her  example that a nation could be more efficient  under free than^under autocratic rule. All of  the early practice of liberty and the teachings  of John Milton about civil and religious liberty;  the assurance .finally, that national efficiency  can be developed to a higher degree under free  than under autocratic institutions,N come to us  from Britain."  Phone Sey* 1076-1077  CoaHFire Wood  4. Tl ANBURY &"ca, ufp.T  Qwi 41* Avomto and QranvWo #1*  "Wellington Coal, Cordwood and Plainer Ends  o*-  The Comfort  Baby's  Morning Dip  ������r*bopNESS  VJ KNOWS,"  says the Cemfort  Baby's Grandmother, "what  we'd do without  this Perfection  Smokeless Oil  Heater.  "If rd only had one  when you were a  baby, you'd have been saved many a cold and  croupy spell."  For warming cold comers and isolated upstair* rooms, and  for countless special occasions when extra heat Is wanted.  yoa need the Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater.   t  f:  PERK  SMOKELE  TION  HEATERS  The Perfection is light, portable, inexpenslTS  to bay and to use, easy to dean and to re-  wick.   No kindling; no Mhes.   Smokeless  and odorless.   At all hardware and general   j  stores.  Look for the Triangle trademark.  Ma_������ m  ROYAUTE OIL is b^tforafl  THE IMPERIAL OIL CO., United TSSi sZF  Friday, February 19, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  V*^;,:  i, .>   -'  For Sale and  For Rent  Cards  lOceach 3 for 25c  WESTERN CALL OFFICE. 203 Htnpray  A DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Befom amplorinff-e Private Detaetire. if yoa don't  know your nun, ask yonr  legal adviser.  JOHNSTON.   *Jk*>  Secret  Service iatolllgence Bureau. Suit* 103-4-  319 Pender St., W.  Vaacoavar. B. C.  Try Our Printing  Quality Second  to None  I  * '  t   A., E. Harron J. A. Harron  G. M. Williamson  HARRON BROS.  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS  VANCOUVER NORTH VANCOUVER ���������      J  ii   Office & Chapel-1084 Granville St      Office & Chapel���������122 Sixth St. W.   t  * Phone Seymour 8486 Phone 184 X  K:^:.^i.<K'<-i''t"M"i"i"i"M'i"{"i"i"i"t"M">4'  JQS. H. BOWMAN  ARCHITECT  V  ii 910-11 Yorkshire Building  :: Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C.  I   >������fr4fr4fr.ft.fr������fr������fr������fc.tMfr|gMfr.fc4t.lt.^Mfr.fr������fr^l)ftltM{������4ft.^^^  I EACH STREET CAR I  h  Operated by the B. C. Electric on its Vancouver -���������>  and Suburban Lines last year meant tive distribu-  "������    ".<^ ��������� - tion of  .$8,013.00 IN WAGES  The employees receiving the wages live in Vancouver and vicinity,, the majority are married men with'  families, and their, money, is spent here,  /    - ' y  As a Oitiien of Vancouver the above Statement has  a <|irect meaning for you.  \ ��������� s -    .  *>4**f*4*******************ir*******************'****4l  + *+*+***************+*+*+*4*4*4*4*+*+*4*******+������**4**  * N   ���������  4*  i >  i*  POULTRY*-���������-  ������������������������������������������>���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  INTERESTING SCHOOL CHILDREN   IN   POULTRY     ,  .RAISING  ii|ntiitii|ii|ii|n|ii|i������|iiliitii}ii^i|iij������t|iilii|iilii|ii|M|ii|ii|������qi.x*^wlwr >?HS^wHw?"l"*,,l"l"t"l"H"I"l"l"l"l"t"1'i'  HEATING BconoroCan������ictencyi f  Our Business hi* l*ci Dullt up t>v merit elone  LEEK & CO.  Hcttlng Engineers. 1  1008 Homer St. Sey. ������������l I  F\ ^AAA^*,*^^*^^  ::  ���������t  tn.  x The Advance Agent of  .COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE  Forms a closer union of Home,  Business and Friends.  fl For a limited time, Business or  Residence Telephones will be installed upon .payment of $5.00  Rental in advance. .  , fl F6r particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  R ft TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  (By M- A.^Jull, Manager, Poultry Dept. Macdonald College,   ,,  Quebec).  In the spring of }913 one hundred settings of hatching eggs,  supplied by the Poultry Department of Macdonald "College, were  distributed to school children in  three counties of that province:  The eggs were supplied free of  cost to the most deserving pupils  who were selected by the College  demonstrator, located .in the  county, x with the co-operation of  the principals of the academies  and rural school teachers. The  conditions upon which the eggs  supplied free were simple: each  applicant agreed to do the best  possible with the chickens hatched and to show them at a rural  fair provided for same. At the  three, rural school fairs held in  1913 prizes were provided, and  each fair proved to be an educational feature not only for the  school children but also for the  people of the community.  In order to. make the work of  the grektestj possible value it was  decided to ^ publish educational  matter bearing upon the work,  and each month the Poultry Department of the College prepared  a pamphlet of instructions on the  raising of chickens. The College  demonstrators supervised the  work of the pupils in each,district, and in*many cases the teachers rendered valuable assistance.  This form of education, based  upon such practical lines, was so  successful the first year, that in  1914, there were 425 settings of  eggs distributed free in nine  counties, of the province. Nine  rural school fairs have been held  where potatoes,* corn, flowers and  other * products in addition to  poultry have been exhibited. In  all there were 1,480 chickens exhibited. The demand for eggs  for next season is already much  heavier than for last year, and  the outlook is encouraging.  BREEDING  }  Important Things to Remember  KEE? AN EYE ON THU SET-  TIN BEN  1- The breeding of poultry,  either for fancy or utility, is  the highest type of poultry culture.  2. Poultry breeding is difficult because in addition to athor-  ouqh working knowledge of poultry culture, one must understand  the laws which govern the development of organisms.  ,3. The law of heredity is  that like produces like.  4. The law of variation is  that ho two animals are exactly  alike. This gives an opportunity  for selection which may be the  first step in the formation of a  breed. ,   .  5. Fowls, in common with  other animals, sometimes resemble some of. their remote, ancestors in one or more particulars.  This is called atavism, or reversion.  6- By in-breeding, desired  qualities may be fixed.  7. In-breeding may also perpetuate undesirable qualities. Too  close inter-breeding, if long continued, is injurious unless great  care.and judgment is used in the  selection of the breeding stock.  Only the most vigorous should be*  bred from.  8. New blood is usually introduced from the female side.  9. Cross breeding gives hardy-  stock. ,    t  10. ��������� Breed only from the best.  An early moult denotes vigor-  11. Fowls of the same breed  differ widely in their ability to  produce'eggs. At the Main Station, some of 'the Barred Ply-'  mouth Rocks-laid 251 eggs per  year. Some hens never laid at  -all. ��������� :     i  J 12; Trap* nests enable, one to  sort out {he^.drones in a flock.  This takes time and Constant attention and only the thorough-going poultrymen should'Undertake  the work.  13. A , beginner should start  with good stock. This enables  one to start where another left  off..  14. liine breeding is in-breeding, systematically carried put.  15-   Fowls bred for exhibition  ^������������������i..i..t-i.i.ii..i..i..|..|..:..i..i.<..|.,i..������>.i..i..i.l|..>.|i.|.^i|..H44|i������ii!i:..>4|.������fr<..|..>.|.i|.i 11 ut | i4)i|_������  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  Office Phone: -  Seymour 8765-8766  6. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 11871.  xX^<#?4?!l  trf&m  f-"j~<  ���������X  vt>������  ::  & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rianufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters r  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. ��������� ' ���������''   ���������> , Vanuuuvur, B.C.  ���������C-I-'I-���������!������������������!��������� ���������>���������!��������� -1-l-a--I"!--t-l"!'-S'-I������4K 111 'I I'M"!'****** t1II11 Mi 11 W*4 *l*%'  . I   7* "i**.  &  ���������M'Si  ���������t:  ������������������t"t"t"l"8'**'l'-t'l' t' t"l I'11 i'l '1 '1' l* %********yt**********ini.i*******..  *\  Pease Pacific Foundry Limited  HBAima and vBmuiwa enoinebb  "Economy  "Ideal"  MANUTACTUaCBS  *)*) RtMaH������*tmaadV������rtfl_tonferrabUeBtfUiMi  Warn Air runiMta ��������� ComUaMka  Staan and Hot Wttar BoOan.  rad Hot Water Boilwa  Pipa and Wtf lrn  1^16 Homer St.     vuMMwver,B.c.   .Tel. Sey; 3230 j  *4 til n it i| *, n \ % n i w������������hiii 1111 (. 11 itiii i ii i 11111111  LEE BUILDINO  NEW STORE  m BROADWAY B.  A complete line of Old Country Newspapers, also the leading Eastern  Canadian  and  American  Papers. ��������� f[  .free  Delivery  Seattle  Sunday   Papers         ''    X'  ' ' il/-, y,<r\������ _,  ' x/ "V^'l  ������������������     4.  . *   it ' t  ^ ^      '   /j-tttn'r*;  -> - /^vi  *-������^ - -j. -���������  - " 4 (  j^_,i 3_|  i    "1 -X������5  . ^H'A.XX  v pv'-v������!ij*m  ' ���������  ' Xi'^sl  -  X","'/' ���������"-<%-*  -i    L*     \.     4*      ^_  |..t.'t'������l..|.'t''l''&������-l'������'l'������-l-������l'������4i'������������������������4|.'M4^Hvl^O->'l-'l'1''������'l'<''l"t'w  <}^t'/L  Sovereip Radiators ,,  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada. ���������  Taylor-Forbes Co. :  **      '   t___: '   .  UHTKD  Vancoover, ttf.fi*- -';)  r %>.  <��������� .���������11.1.1.1.,:,,. a..������.fft"t--t ���������<'������ uiii ****** 111.14 iiimiimimimi ***  'j_  Setting���������The best time to set  a hen is after dark.   Have the  nest carefully prepared and, if,..,,       __.v__. _.      ���������  convenient,  place two or three should have the best of care dur- ,  :_* _:i *i. .���������_ ������.1 ..    incr the summer. I*  r  -   -VI  :    J'7'      JV  , X  X'v.^  .    4 ^"~  "' ' -   X'<2'"''l  ^>X^  "''X"XvX^l  1   'vtit,'.'  infertile or nest eggs in the nest;  then very earefully place the hen  on the nest and do not disturb  her for the first day. When she  is sitting well the setting of eggs  may be placed under her*  Dusting���������At the time, of setting it is very necessary to dust  the hen thoroughly with gotfd  commercial insect,powder. Some  hens may become so badly infected with lice^that they will leave  their nests. To disinfect the hen  take her by the feet, .holding her  head downwards, and sprinkle  the powder well into ber feathers, then rub the powder  around the points. Dust the  hen again about ten days after  setting, and for a third time just  before the hatch comes off.  Feeding ��������� The sitting hen  should be fed regularly every  day. Where, a number of hens  are sitting together they may be  fed together, but they should be  watched carefully to see that  each returns to her proper nest.  The food should consist of hard  grains, such as wheat, oats, corn  or a mixture of these. Where  the hens are confined green food  should be given occasionally.  Grit and clean water should be  kept before, them always.  At hatching time do not disturb the hen. Let her sit quietly after the nineteenth day, but  watch her closely to see that she  does not leave the nest with the  first. chick which hatches. She  should be allowed to remain on  the nest for a few hours after  all of the chicks have hatched.  ing the sunimer  16. Only fowls which have  been properly prepared for the  show have a chance of winning  any of the prizes.  W.'CaWer,  f. Chapman  Ofltefc Telephone  wn.-8-v  MWi";f#l  *���������*������������������ ***' 5984 ty-y&HX,  Merchants Qnrfage Go^  EXPRESS, TRUCK AND 0BAY  Order* by M������il or Telephone Promptly Attended to. ,:  F^dwdau-subi-: |������46 Water Street  715 Cambie Street     Pbone Sey. 8073 VANCOUVER, $. C.  /  100 HENS BUST NUMBER TO  KEEP  , The number of birds in the  flock will be determined largely  by the" number" of. chicks raised7  There are many -farmers, however, who are not keeping as  many chickens as they might find f,,  profitable. The average-fanner  can look after a flock of 100  birds as easily as any smaller  number, and at the same time  the profits will be larger. Under average conditions probably  the most profitable flock is one  of one hundred birds for, in this  case, good results are obtained as  far as egg production is concerned, and expense of housing and  feeding are kept at the minimum.  The standard farmer's flock  should be ontrhuhdrsd birds, and  if the farmers of Canada will increase the number of birds to  an average of one hundred, and  if the egg production per bird  will be increased from the present number/of. about seventy-five  eggs to one hundred eggs, the  poultry crop Jot Canada will be  be increased in value by over  200 per cent. ���������  Better pay ten dollars for a  good rooster than to takeV one  somebody; gives you for nothing-  \..  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������*������������������������*���������������������������  I BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES :  < >.  ���������IN"  ��������� >  44  > >  44.  ��������� >  ���������IN  '��������� >.  44  LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Groods, Water Meters,  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and  Pipe Fittings. X  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Phone: Sey. 8942.  ������N  - < >  ������N  . >  ������N  ��������� >  44  I'  4*  < >  44  .    4\*  t   Phone: Sey. 8942. 1101Dominion Building, f  4*4***4*4*4*4*4***4*4*4*********4***4***4*******4*4*-k  We apologize to our many friends for our deli- ���������  very ou our opening day's sale.   Witli tbe unex- ;  pected big rush of orders, we were unable to get y  them out .to our satisfaction.   We now can guaran- \'  tee prompt attention in this-regardunder-our new._V  arrangement to those taking advantage  of our ''  ,;   Quaker No. 1 Flour, $2.10; special  .fl.90  *' '18 lbs. Sugar (1 sack with each order)  $1.30  Jello Powder, reg. 10c; special 5c  De Jong's Cocoa, reg. 50c; special 25c  prices.  ��������� ������������������������������������������  ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������  ��������� *���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  ��������� ������������������������������������������������������  ���������  ���������  Peas and Tomatoes, reg: 15c; special  Fancy Siam Rice, 6y21 lbs. X  Ashcroft White Beans, 5 lbs.  New Boiled Oats, 7 lbs. .,  Fancy Bayo Beans, 5 lbs.  Sago a������d Topioca, 6% lbs.  King Oscar Sardines, reg. 15c; 2 for .  Sea Queen Sardines, reg. 15c; special  Rickett's Blue, 7 ior   Rickett's Robin Starch, reg. 10c; 3 for  New Large Prunes, 3 lbs. .1.. x   New Figs, per lb. .......    Home Rendered Pure Xard, per lb. ..  Home-made Sausage, per lb.   Home Cured Hams and Bacon, per lb. (in piece) 18c  Kippered Herring, 2 lbs. 15c  Swift's or Burns' Lard���������-  X>  IVms 4J_p  '  X   lh������s . 1*\tt  ���������10c  ���������25c  ���������   ���������  .  . dKrV  .   ���������  .  . 4bOC   25c   25c   25c   10c   25c   25c   25c   10c   10c   10c  SEE OUE WINDOWS  VISIT OUR STORE  Mount Pleasant Grocery::  2425 Main Street  Pair. 713  t (Near Broadway)  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������������������������*���������������������������������������������������������+l������������������> __      ������  :%���������.���������:. :..i:::-m^r.':.-:  THE WESTERN CALL  THE WESTERN GALL  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY .  BY THE  t  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.   SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.   9 If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at. once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint todafy.  WAKE UP! CANADA!  i   -/'  >.  i <���������  \j  4lJ     ��������� I  f * /h i **  ' X ' l  ,.   ., 4        *       T    Y  I /_   I     -  _���������' i.   .. ���������  i>      -  il.,4-4  1 '.I ���������-  Jr 4    ' /  , . The city council of Quebec are wrestling with  the problem of "How to House'' 1,200 experts'  .who are coming from Belgium to help the Ross  rifle factory on an order for rifles from the  Russian Government.  An order for 3,000,000 rifles has been placed with the Ross Rifle Company by the Russian government. This, with the orders they  already have on hand, will necessitate the employment of some' 3,000 additional hands at the  factory, and probably the enlargement-of .the  plant to three times1 its present.afifceX,It has-  already been doubled since the ������ outbreak of  war.        '/ f u  The question of housing the twelve hundred ,  Belgian experts who are to aid in the filling of.  the  enormpus order is a serious  one,  and a  meeting of the builders' of Quebec' has been  called for when they will meet the,special comX  mittee of citizens to discuss the housing of the  newcomers. / '  '   This is buttone^of the,huge war orders that;  have come and' are coining our way.  "Business as Usual" whilst all' very well in  a way,, is singularly misleading, andv the* country , ancl people that settle do^n to t the idea c  that the ordinary kind of business we have been  need to is going to return will get left.  \ The .fact Jus that war is the business (to-day,  and will be for some years tb come. The prophetic injunction in Poel ought to be heeded,  "Beat your ploughshares into swords and your  pruning hooks, into spears; let the weak say 1  am strong." ^    '     ;   ;, < 'X -    , t   ."���������  Compared with what has been done an the  past,'Canada has done wonders in the last six  months, yet inf full view of what has been done,  we do not-hesitate to say, that Canada has not  yet awakened fully to the fact that we are living in a changed world, and that it "has been  given to the Kaiser to take peace from the  world." >     '  ' We are living to-day iri a1 world war-raad-^-as  war-mad to-day as it was business-mad and pleasure-mad yesterday.  Canada and the United States' are now' celebrating 100 years'peace, but in the United States  to-day there are 20,000,000 who hate the British  Empire; 13,000,000 of Gernian origin or extraction, and ,7,000,000 Irish.  - ���������As-farback as 1911 these elements werebeing-  carefully organized and nurtured by the German  Kultur movement, no less an instrument than  Prince Henry of Prussia being actively engaged'  in influencing the patriotism for tbe Fatherland  of German-Americans. >  The significant fact was that Prince Henry's  smiles were for the Germans that had become  "naturalized" as Americans, his frowns for the  Germans that had refused to become identified  with the United States, and that had no vote  in American politics.  Now comes the threat reaching back as far  as 1912, that the organized German vote will  destroy any president who consents to make an  arbitration treaty with Great Britain, or- who  in other ways favors Great Britain. It is said  that Ex-President Taft owed his defeat to this  element- ,  flow far President Wilson and his administration are enmeshed in this Germano-American  net cannot be stated, but this threatening political element may explain the extraordinary,  almost cowardly action of the United States in  making no formal protest over Belgium's assassination.  Here, then, ate all.the elements of a situation that might develop overnight into a veritable  inferno.  ���������^^HK~X^������'H^H~X^-X~>->������X������-X-vv������iMfr^..t..;..;..i..t..v������  1     BE PREPARED!  t  \        Every Canadian should protect himself and  * family by carrying a policy in  MUTUAL LIFE OF CANADA  Established I860  "CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL"  For  rates  and  full information see our  agents, or  W. J. TWISS  District Manager  317-319 ROGERS BUILDING  Last week at a great Peace' meeting in Chi-'  cago. held in the Coliseum under the auspices of  the American Neutrality League, the chairman  of the meeting found himself facing a pro-German uproar during which everything British was  denounced in unmeasured terms, and Secretary  of State Bryan accused of trying to "crucify  the Fatherland upon a cross of British gold."  Inside and outside of. the great hall were  lined up men selling banners bearing pictures  of the, German Kaiser, the German Eagle, and  the inscription "Peutschland ueber Alles."   -���������  One. hundred and fifty German Societies  were represented in the Hall, each bearing many  banners purely German, so that the Stars and  Stripes were completely put in the shade in the  order of decorations. ���������   -  The Irish orator, O'Leary, elicited frenzied  applause by denunciations of all things British  and by bitter attacks on the American press.  Hoch der O'Leary! resounded in every corner as the Irish orator took his seat. ]   ������  The meeting from first to last was intensely  pro-German and intensely anti-British, and had  every evidence of having been carefully organized from  that point of view.  Now .comes the news item that a boom has  been started for Colonel Goethals as a pro-German president for11916.  How close this continent is sailing, to a possible, outbreak that would lead to a veritable  hell can be understood only by those who are  awake to the amazing change that has come over  the mind of man since war broke loose.  Neither the Government or people of Canada  seem yet to have awakened to the fact that we  aer living in a changed world..  ' The United States is hopelessly unprepared  to cope with an outbreak such as is threatening.  Canada, whilst doing nobly"'for the Empire, is  wholly unprepared at home- Her home guards  are giving up everywhere for lack of rifles and  equipment. - /  A million Canadians armed and trained to  shoot straight arf required immediately to face,  the inferno thrift niay break out any day in the  States.. ,   , , .   * .  And for the rest, *very: Canadian man and  woman not lucratively employed in the cities,  shonld be on the farm raising food and raiment.  The Government should see that those who cannot get on the fa^ms.of themselves are helped  to get there and instructed how to work.  The time for loaders and parasites and ''out-  of-works" has gone. A  Friday, February 19, 1015\  '       " lMHMMIMM_r  REV. JAMES WILSON CALLED  ��������� u>.  Mount Pleasant Presbyterian Extend Unanimous  Call to Toronto Minister  I At a largely attended meeting of the congregation of the Mount Pleasant Presbyterian  church held on Wednesday evening, It was decided to -extend a unanimous call to Rev. James  Wilson, of Povercourt Road church, Toronto, to  succeed Rev. J. W. Woodside, who left' for ^tHe  east, some months ago. Mount Pleasant congregation is one of the most inviting fields in the  gift of the Presbyterian church in Canada, and it  is confidently expected that Mr. Wilsonwill ac-  'cept the''call.- Mr. Wilson has been in his pi&  sent charge in Toronto for almost ten, years, anil  the growth and influence of Povercourt Road  > congregation under his pastorate has' been phenomenal. He has one of the largest, if. not "the  very largest, congregation in the Pominion, and  should he accept,* Vancouver's.ministerial ranks  will be greatly enhanced hy his presence-  The call will come before the presbytery of  Westminster on March' 2nd, at the rdgular raeet������ -  ing in St. John's church, Vancouver, and will be  forwarded to Toronto to be dealt with by the  Toronto Presbytery a few weeks later/ Should  he accept, Mr. Wilson^s induction into his new  charge will take place1 early in May.  >        '   ��������� '      . _j if  _ *_Rev. Mr. tBraden, ;pf PuridasJStreet Methodist_  church, preached in Mount Pleasant* Methodist  church on Sunday morning, last.  Rev- Prof. Geo. C. Pidgeon, of, Westminster  Hall, will occupy the pulpit of Mount Pleasant  1 Presbyterian church > onr. Sunday next,1 morning  and evening.  Rev. J. R. Craig, of f Central Park, has accepted a call from the congregation of. Westminster  Presbyterian church, 26th and Sophia, and will  be inducted into his new charge shortly. ;>J>   X ; ;   PANAMA-PACIFIC EXPOSITION OPENS  President Wilson will touch the button tomorrow and set the wheels of the Great San  Francisco Exposition in motion.  -The ^yposition is said to be 100 per cent-  complete and will bo opened free of debt. The,  work done by the Exposition Company ,the  Nation, States and Territories and the concessionaries represents an investment of .$80,000,000.  Exhibits on display will bring up the total capital tied up within the grounds to about $300,-  000.000.  RED CROSS FUND CONCERT  A grand recital and tableau in aid of the  "Material Fund" of the Red Cross Society of.  Canada will be held under the auspices of the  Grandview Subsidiary Branch of the Red Cross  Society in the Britannia High School auditorium,  Cotton Prive, Grandview, on Friday evening,  26th inst., at 8.15 o'clock. Some of the brightest  artistes of the city are announced to take part  and the lengthy program is high class in every  detail. Patriotic selections will be a feature. A  good evening's entertainment at a popular price.  Remember the date and place and be there with  all your friends. The proceeds���������for the Red  Cross Fund���������enough said.  JAPAN IN CHINA  The United States is getting uneasy about  ���������Tfipan in China. All the more reason. Uucle  Sam, you should roll up your sleeves and commence hitting the "punching bag." "This is a  mad world sirs," andi the sooner you recognize  it and get ready, the better for us all.  8IWASH BOCK FBOM  X'  Ai  THE PULPIT  ���������T  TBE SAILOR'S PARROT  > k  There's a parrot in > the fo'est'le  '������ >  ., That can say most anything4,  She can pray just like the Parsoit  An'.sing "God,Save the King,"  When, yer' readin' o' the, papersr  , She'll listen, I declare.  But read of Germany or Germans  Then Mstand by" andr 'ear 'en swear.  -1 r  i <  P.  I was readin' to1 me messmates        v  Out aloud the other day,  T^as about the' Count von Bernstqff  An''what V 'ad ter' say  Tl got so, mad���������got up to put���������  1 The paper on'the fire  When "Polly" flew across the deck  And calmly shouted���������"Liar!"  4       ' f        ,  Hi  * X '  I was; readin'Jhat the "Rooshins"  Had been makin' out quite well  - Then- the Germans claimed a victory  An' told another tale.  Then I scratched nty������ head bewildered,v  And very much ter' tuy surprise  -" Polly'Xjumped-upon~my shoulder,-  Flapped 'er wings an' shouted���������"ties!"  IV.  Then the Bosun's mate 'e told us  That the'r Admir'l 'ad a fit  But' it proved a fit of (laughter *  An' I'm not surprised a bit  What! the squareheads blockade Britain  Get on deck, I've 'ad enough,  Then "Polly" cracked a peanut  An' quickly shouted���������" Bluff!"  ���������W. A Ellis.  NEWS FROM THE PROVINCES  Regina���������that all the farmers are not satisfied  with the treatment accorded them by the banks  is evident from the fact that the banking and  transportation committee of the Grain Growers' Association introduced at the convention  held recently resolutions calling for the establishment by the provincial government of a  Farmers' Co-operative Farm Mortgage Association with full banking powers without delay.  The resolution included in the report says:  "Whereas the government of the province  ai Saskatchewan did at the session of. 1913 introduce and' the legislature pass' an Act to  incorporate   the   Satkatchewan , Co-operative  Farm   Mortgage   Association,   and   whereas  clause 34 of the said Act provides that the  Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council shall proclaim  the date of the coming into force of the said  Act.   Therefore, be it resolved that this- association   strongly   requests' the   Lieutenant-  Governor-in-Council to make such proclamation as is necessary to bring such Act into  immediate operation and effect-"  A  rider  urged   the   government  to   do   all  in its power to supplement .*he proposal of the  Agricultural Credit Commission as contained in  clause 17,  chapter 10,  of  its  recommendation,  namely:  GOOD FOR POSTIE!  30,000 Post Office Men Join the .British .Army.  Thirty thousand men-   connected' with1- the  British General Post Office have joined the'army.  The number of deaths among soldiers from tins/  branch of' the Government service since', the war  began has reached a total of 570.  The employees ^ho have not volunteered foi*  "service ������at4he< front, ha^e foftned an organization'  which will provide for the fantflies'of those who \  have gone.' The organization Jms levied a voluntary contribution of forty ceitts on.every hun*  dred dollars of the salaries of members, and this  assessment will hring in nearly $400,000 a year:  Already .benefits have been assigned to 280  widows. \ -   '  -X-  THE GAELIC S00JETT  The-regular bi-monthly meeting of the Gaelic '\  Society was held at the Pender Hall on Thursday evening and, as usual, was well attended  and a very entertaining programme- was ren-'^  dered. (        ��������� - , -   ���������  >    "  It was unanimously resolved that'the hall  should b������ handed over for the evening of Mar-  ,4th to Mr. John Macleod, the'Gaelic tenor, whose  singing of Gaelic and Scots songs has been so  much appreciated and ungrudgingly rendered at  various functions in the city during the present  .winter. ���������  Mr. Macleod is leaving the eity shortly, and  with the help of some other well known artistes,  will give a farewell concert on. March 4th at  the Pender Hall.  '' That the Saskatchewan Co-operative  Farm Mortgage Association establish as soon  after its foundation as is feasible a bank with  headquarters within the province to conduct,.a;'j  ' regular banking business: through- the locals  and officers of the Association.''        V       X  "Two conclusions arrived at," said Mr. PayrirV,  ter, "were that the bank should act as a safe:  depository, and they should give credit to all  producers who were capable managers and had  sound security.,, He declared that this last was  not being done by banks, and, that the banks  must change or the farmers must organize their  own bank.  -X-  Regina���������There is every .indication that the  farmers of Saskatchewan will endeavor^ to produce the biggest crop of grain in the history of  the province. Fully 70 per cent, of the 1914.  acreage 8,250,000 acres, has., been fall plowed  ready for next season's crop, according to an  estimate of the Saskatchewan agricultural department. This was made possible by the early  threshing last fall giving the farmers time to  prepare the land for the season following. This  work was greatly assisted, also, by good rains  in the drier districts. The acreage .prepared for  the next crop is divided as follows: Fall plow-,  ed, 44 per cent.; summer .fallowed in 1914, 26  per cent; broken in 1914, an amount equal to  10 per cent. From inquiries made, the depart:  ment learns that 60 per. cent of. the acreage  sown will be in wheat; 29 per cent, in oatsjr  eight j>er cent in Vbafleyj and. three, per. cent inr:  flax- Much depends, however, on the timely appearance of spring.  ^riHM_M_-_M_l  MM f������t|lf|feftlf:^^  ^���������JiJ;J^iic:.^J&i.*^^^  Friday, Februaiy,19, 1915  THE WESTERN CALL  gpbh  V}Xi^.'jeeiS;  i?identVof;ithe  |;|;pnhtaMe;|'ai^  X'' booze4iftera- '$^1hejI^^  f) husbands drown his voicein round after round  ^of'-;-applauseV        .. .. r     _   r^t   .^      ,  He mount- hia ehftiir in a1 climax: XHe ^wirls  his arms. v - '^,  "The rampart wall of American civilization  is the purity of American womanhood," he  shouts. The rafters ring with the cheer. The  white handkerchiefs flicker all over the hall in  (the "Chautauqua salute*'  His Sermon on "Home."  He adapts himself to all sorts and kinds of  audiences.   When  talked'  "He  "He  folks" he told them a little story out of. Henry  Van Pyke.   When he addressed 22,000 college  and high school students, the sermon.fairly rang  with "manliness" and "womanliness."   All  his  appeals were illustrated with stories of dauntless  action.   He   attacked   college   viees^   cigarette  smoking, flirting, dancing, drinking; but he did  not offend.   With his inimitable  buffonry,  he  made them ridiculous.   He closed wjth a wonderfully acted word:picture���������the Story,'of the  winning of- the marathon at the Athenian Olympiad of 1896.   At the finish he had ;th������ whole,  crowd on their feet,' cheerihg like', mad! ���������-''���������,  He delivered the sermon- on'"Home'' to an  audience  of fathers  and  mothers. -He' closed  >with the story of > the man who'wrote "Home,  .Sweet Home"���������onlyv he tloer not mention until  Nhe very end either the man- or his song.   A  man's body is exumed from its grave in Africa.  It is brought to the United States on an American battleship.   It it buried in -Washington, -with  t President, Cabinet makers,- Congressmen, school  'children, black and white;'high'and,low, standing with  drooped 'flags.,  "What had this man done? ' Had Jhe built  ���������a statue?/1"   He enumerates all'the conceivable  j achievements'of fame.   "No!" he thunders  [had done none of these things.   Softly,  had written, a little song.   A song sung by the'  | engineer in his cab when he looks out of his  'window into the rainy,.night and sees the lights  he knows shining over the misty field; a song  1 sung' hy ythe  captain   on  the, bridge-r-"   He  t enumerates all the industrial opportunities for  .sentimental solas-- There is a deep hush.. Then  ^oftly^ .,v;s_.  "X   *V'<      . ���������;  . 11''1   ^."���������'  'y  ���������*  ./"John Howard Payne had written"J\ \j-\ w .'  ��������� Back v of the jplatform a pianb starts tbe-air  "Ijtome, .Sweet Some."   Thousands areT singing.  (Their s faces are lifted., Ti'hey make, no "secret  of theif tears. '       "''__. , ,  It is the rarest sort of exception to x see in  the congregation a fact in which ib objective  interest in how Sunday is doittgthittfes tothe1'  l crowd, swaying it tbi'.his ^ill.   They^ are watch-  'ing only for what he is going to do next.   Mimicry, sarcasm, slapstick comedy, pugilistic fist-  . flashes���������he brings t!hem all,into play, until with  'their rocking laughter ^the hall is like a vast  pink sea in commotion. -%%e shocks them; and  Ithe sound of their sharply taken breath is like  La wind-gust in thunder weather.   -  Inlays on Fears and Griefs  ^You sneer at a revival?" he hurled at them  one day.   " Pon't'you know that when you sneer  [at a revival, you spit in the face of God, that  rou jab yotir,dirty hands into the bleeding palms  rod feet -and body of Christ, that you stone  rhim on his way to Golgotha.and you laugh at  him���������Ha! ha, ha, ha ha!"   He reeled across the  stage, leering like a fiend, drooling, howling.  Many people have remarked the curious Mephis-*  I tophelian cast of his mobile face. _That day, act-  ling the tortured maniac, he brought all the demons into play.   Women put their hands over  ,Hheir eyes, as though they could not bear it-  He stabs them with pathos, following a laugh.  "Jesus Christ never preached a funeral sermon," he said once.   "Every time he went to a  funeral, he busted it up by raising the dead.''  While the mirth was still going, he, twisted  his features' into fiendish hate.   His arms flung  f wide, clawed wildly.  "Anybody who says Jesus Christ couldn's  raise the dead is a dirty, infamous li������r," he  V screamed.' _ .  In an instant he had relaxed every muscle in  I his face.   His voice came brokenly, like the voice  of a little boy about to cry.  ' "Pon't you wish Jesus had been, there when  they backed, up the white hearse to your door  and took your baby away to sleep' Out there in  the cemetery?"  A terrible moaning swept over the benches.  For an instant a woman's hysterical sobbing rose  above it. Then the sobbing di^d a\������jay in the  sighs and the murmurs.   Sunday went on,:  "Pon 'Uyou wish Jesus had been there when  ^your mother went away?"  He appeals to them with all the' sides of- his  own personality, and he appeals to them with the  personalities of all history.   He tells them how  one of the great actors of the eighties offered  l^him a fabulous salary as an understudy- On the  platform  in  Philadelphia  he  has  acted  every  character from Naaman, the leper, slapping at _  I mosquitoes in his bath in the "Jordan, to Robert  E. Lee, proudly declining the presidency of the  i> Louisiana lottery.   With irresistible mimicry he  has brought Mary and Martha into the kitchens  ||and parlors of Philadelphia.   He  hajs  slid for  * bases on the platform.   He has played Christopher Columbus, shouting from the poop of the  storm-tossed "Santa Maria," "Sail on! Sail on!"  He  has  leaned  over  the  pulpit���������the   great  fc Umpire of the Universe, shouting down from the  ' ba ttlements of heaven: ������������������' 'You 're out !���������this is a  sermon for men only."   He has played the part  of the men who liound Christ, the men who spat  ft at Him; the men Hvho gambled for Bis. garments.  With a daring and effrontery which' stunned the  D  **4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4***4*4********************������**********************4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4******+4+4+4+4  audience quite as much as the acting itself, he  has acted the part of Christ on the cross.  All of the laughter, all of the tears, nevertheless, are only the preparation for the invitation".  It is when calling for converts that Sunday most  tries to sway his audience. His last story is  always his most powerful. His last climax is  most dramatic. He saves the scene of the cross,  for the" last. From the' climax he sweeps into  prayer^ shocking the devout with'his easy famit  iarity with the_ Peity. ",    .  "Oh, Lord, I tell you they's a,fide bunch!  ' Oh, Lord,/1 know they've got the.sand and the  ; nerve, and the grit to take their stand for^Youi  Oh, Lord, they've got the punch herie in Philadelphia./ Oh, God, we thank Thee that' Thbu^ are  the God who brought Shadrach, Meshach and  Abednego unsinged from the fiery furnace/\ l*  In this 'strain'the will go on to eumerate all  the miracles in the (Bible, all the heroic exploits in  Christian hisfory<" The strained voice-rises and  falls'in stormy, cadences.   The arma move rhythmically.   The head is thrown far back.   The  eyes are tight shut.   On the deathly pale face  there is /no motion, ecept the wild writhing of  the lips.   ��������� '   ,  ��������� )  The strain snaps. 'He leaps across, the> platform- Perhaps he picks up a chair and whirls it  in full circle tossing it away from him, letting it  roll to the edge of the platforms He swirls his  right arm.  '' Come on!" he roars. " Come on. ;If you 'Ve  got the nerve to take your stand for Jesus Carist  come on!"  His choirmaster gives a signal. Back of the  platform, softly, plaintively, the great choir* of  3,000^ voices strikes up a hymn. "Jesus I am  coming home to-day���������"At the cross, at the  cross"���������"Though coming weak and vile."  They come.  On the Convert's Bench  The_crowd on thejconvert's 'benchjias varied  between 39 and 797. The character of Sunday's  final appeal is frequently reflected in it. Twice,  when he has prayed the final prayer, standing  on top of his.pulpit, the number has been more  than 600.  And of those who come forward���������many show  no outward signs of emotion. A few smile���������the  curious, wild smile of people altogether beside  themselves with joy- Others weep softly, some  are altogether broken up���������these the highstrung,  hysterical young girls professional "down-and-  outers," regular "risers for prayer," such as you  can see night after night in any gospel mission in  America; thin, worn women of the wash-tubs and  scrubbing-boards, wan faces, streaked with tears.  The Vancouver Paily Province will haver a  hard time to put a maxim silence in Billy  Sunday's throat.  A CONFESSION.  (By Alfred Noyes in The London Paily Mail.)  Thou, whose deep waves are in the sea,  Whose footsteps are not known,  Tonight a world that turned from Thee  Is waiting���������at Thy Thronet  The towering Babels that we raised  Where scoffing sophists brawl,  The little Anti-Christs we praised���������  The night is on them all.  The fool hath said   ...  And we, who deemed him wise,  We who believed that Thou wast dead,  How should be seek Thine eyes?  How should we turn to Thee for power  Who scorned Thee yesterday?  How should we kneel, in this dread hour?  Lord teach us how to pray!  Grant us the single heart, once more,  That mocks no sacred thing,  The sword of truth our fathers wore  When Thou wast Lord and King.  Let darkness unto darkness tell  ;  Our deep unspoken prayer, ' ;-  ;  For, while our?,souls in darkness dwell,  We know that Thou are there.  BUNCOING THE LAND SPECULATOR  (Continued from page one) \  .     ' ,o        X  On, the face of it this would seem to be and was. loudly proclaimed by  political Opponents, a Government act favoring their followers, but as <a. mat- j  ter of fact the lands were staked or bought by all kinds of people, Conservatives,  Liberals, Socialists and Labor men.       X 'X ^ . _  ' ,   ��������� /C  We could name leaders of the Liberal party who" are to-day suffering from.'  $ne effects of this buncoing movement against the land speculator, and this  may or may not be the reason wi*y Mr..Brewster does not join with .members,/  of his party who have advocated the cancellation of land grants made by ttieX  government.. ���������; >   ���������       "        *> /    ^",   -x        ��������� x . /' -'    4-    x ', - Vx v,;.,  ������.-.���������"' , -        * ���������   *        ' ������ X   ,* ,  x "  \ {y   THJrie fact is there are few men ahd women in British Columbia who had  the pirice who did not invest in land and very many of them altogether beyond  "their means'.'        '- '.'���������������������.-- -������. ���������,   -x"    '    .<��������� ' *  titf'jj.*-  ^#  Vitl        **    f  yhk*M  y k^m  L,r'-'\'^M  - %4-'*-, VXfl  /:im  I' ? XVtfl  1 1)T4 "  '   X ,  . ^ v  '    - t '" -\ -  > - " i *'_  '    i-' .'r  "* I  ' -. **' - J>i~ ''1  x <> fm  >^yy?y*  > riV.:  i  w?������  *1  iX;j-#r  yy^Hju*  /fHy0B  * _-  lf yTh^irhope was in tnc(>,rignt future of this province and hvborse racing  parlance "they, backed a good horse." But the best horse that ever ran can he  doped, so as to lose the race. "    ' -      '  J  ,\ And this is what has happened in ������. C. Our legislators have "doped"  the province.  ; We blame the government in so far that they have been stampeded by  the "idealists" and departed from the old way of a steady land polifey that  gaye assurance to investors. ��������� x  [I The first blow was the overnight change in price. Big money said  "What! invest my money in a country where three or four men met in camera  can change the land policy of a government like that? Not much. JCeep your  money out of Canada until their land policy is settled." And it became impossible to finance any land deal.   Then again, the taxation on wild lands was increased and instead of }0  cents, which is in itself an outrage, 14, 16 and in some places 20 cents is now  being charged.   Thus doubling the cost of holding land. /  ^Now the demand is being howled from platform after platform to take  back the land froni delinquent landholders, and thus complete the "bunco  game." ���������  Thousands of men and women have put their savings into B. C. Lands.  By far the largest part o������ the 5,000,000 acres is held by British Columbians,  and it is not too much to say that the agitation concerning and changes already effected in the government policy as regards B. C. Lands has had more  to do with the financial catastrophe in British Columbia than all other causes  put together.  The settlement of B. C. Lands is not an easy matter, and the setting out  of a new policy will hardly be successfully accomplished by making it a matter  of party politics.  The cost of clearing land, the cost of access to markets and of labor and  of living are^all matters that take B. C. out of the ordinary rut, and the man  or body of men that make a success of putting men on B. C. lands deserve all  the aid the government and people of the province can give them. For only  thus can British Columbia ever hope to endure.  Instead of help���������the men and women that have put their money into B. C.  lands are denounced in unmeasured terms, taxed and harried and hindered and  at last threatened with spoliation.  The Government will do well to turn a deaf ear to tins cry of ''confiscation" and rather help those who are struggling with a burden that should never  have been theirs.  We suggest that to clear up the present situation crown grants should  be issued for money that has been paid in. This would undoubtedly satisfy  most of those who are delinquent and at the same time set free the lands  that have been alienated but not paid for.  Then, with a land settlement policv based perhaps on the New Zealand  type, our province would begin to make headway again. As long as interest  remains in"B. C. at from 8 to 100 per cent per annum there can be no hope of  settling up our land except by offeringattractions to big money, and big  money is shy of countries where the land policy can be changed overnight in  answer to popular acclaim. 6  THE WESTERN' CALL  __.  Friday, February 19, 1915.  \  .M"M'<yw-M'*������>������������H'*������^^ l * ������������������������������#���������*������������������*������������������*���������*<���������������������������������������������������������>! !��������� t************44*****44*44*^ ���������  THE FLEET ON WATCH ii  1*4* IIII1 HI I'M ** ������������������������������������������������������I ���������������*������������������������*���������*���������������***** H*������fl 11 Ml II11'  FLEET  STRIPPED  NAKED  AND  Mount Pleasant Livery jj  TRANSFER  __.        *  Furniture and Piano JVloving  Baggage, Express and Dray.  'Hukfe snd Carriages  ���������t all hours. -  'Phone Fairmont B4B  Corner Broadway and Main .  iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinw iiimiiteMHiieoHMiit  A. ,F. McTavish. Prop.  I  British Prepared for a Naval Battle���������Every Sailor is Protected  on the Great Modern Battleships.  ** * i * 11 * i|. i * ******.&.>:*>**** *-  I. ~  I-* . i?-'  ���������     ,1      I-'     ,"4    4  |>-X  '^fb'      , ,        4  i*.* f.  Baxter & Wright  COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS  Cash or  Easy  !: Pipents  $40000    i  Stock to   J  Choose    ������  From.     *|  Come in and talk it over when looking for furniture.        |  4  f  A I  BAXTER & WRIGHT  __>  j;  Phone 3eymour771 416 Main Street ������  '���������MUM t������i|i4"l'tr'tl't"Hl'H"l"l"l"Kl, ���������:KmM^������^:^M������:������4^4n������mH^mM������H"X'*  Commercial Printing at "Western Call" Office  '     V  START THP MW  . fc L  VEAR1MGHT ...  ���������-^  by presenting vyow- good,  'wife with an - up-to-date  motor washing machine and  ball-bearing wringer; ow. of  ours will please her.    '  r  We have a complete stock  of Olothw Hr7������n, WlWfc-  hoard*, Wsth JMsUro, Tnlw  We deliver promptly.  W.ROwenlJVtorrison  The mt. Pleasant Hardware'  Pbone Fain 447 2337 Main Street  4  Tbe Pioneer Meat Market  Comer Broadway and Kingsway  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It Is not excelled for Quality or Prices Id Vancouver  -     -      This is   the   Oldest. Established  Market in Vancouver, an example -   '  of " The Survival of the Fittest"  Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor: FRANK TRIMBLE  Pbone: Fairmont 257  If we could see the ships of the  Grand Fleet in the North Sea we  may be sure they would hardly  present that spick and span appearance which we associate with  ship of war' during, times of  peace; their sides all stained with  rust all round the water line; and  a generally .bedraggled appearance���������that is if they have been  keeping the sea, says the Navy  and Army Journal. But the most  startling change, would be the  striped and naked appearance  they would present,, for gone,  would be all sails, boat t. davits,  ridge poles,' and the usual ^paraphernalia that' is part of any  ship's peace trimmings. ' The yes-  sels are cleared for action!  Getting a ship ready for the  stern test of battle is no light undertaking. At least once a week  during the piping times of peace  the whole ship's company are exercised at "general quarters,'' an  evolution which takes a very few  minutes to perform. On these occasions the buglers sound- off  "exercise action," when the guns  are "east loose," magazines  opened, the guns being loaded  with * projectile and dummy  charge. Drills are then proceeded  with, the guns generally being  secured, .and all stores' returned  by six bells���������JI a.m.  When the ship is going to target practice "action" is sounded  and, of course, the guns are loaded with a real charge and the firing proceeds until the amount  of* ammunition allowed for test  occasions is expended. * Then the  "secure" is sounded. That also  is,' a preparatory performance  alongside "prepare for battle."  Then the ship fe stripped of every  atom ^of frilling likely to prove  dangerous to life and limb.  All Wood It Removed  , tOne.of the greatest dangers  in a modern action Js finvpw-  ing'to the terrible incendiary Culture of the shells use<J, so that  theoretically no,, scrap" of ~w<t)od  should' be found in a warship;  but, as men have to���������iive"in^them  during times of peace, a certain  amount o������ wood fitting is of a  portable nature, antNasily removed. ..Occasionally .men/ go? ,to  "stations, prepare' for^ battle,"  when every piece ofl -woodwork  that could be jettisoned is marked, and each man or group, of  men made to understand for what  parts they would'be responsible.  Jnstk what would be done with  boats in action seems never, to  have . been ' definitely settled.  Some officers are inffavoV of Towering them into crutches on deck  or superstructure and fillingftem  wjth water; others suggest covering them with canvas and binding them round with rope from  stem to stern; others, again, take  the heroic course, of dropping  them into the sea ,all well fastened, together, and allowing  them to drift where they will.  The latter course seems the most  practical and sensible one-  "  Te only object of the boat can  be to save life should the shrp  be reduced to a sinking condition  and both the filling of them with  water or marling them down  would render them useless for  this purpose, as it would take  some time before they could, be  made ready for lowering, always  supposing they escaped the shattering effect of shell. .  What, is beirfg regarded as a  good substitute for life-saving  purposes in many ships in -the  grand fleet is the men's mess tables. These are made of one-  inch planking, are about three  feet wide, and from seven to ten  -feet long./ Floating flat on. the  water, they would support a great  number of men. Immediately  meals are finished, these tables  are dismantled, ready for carrying on deck, should the neecUfor  using them for life-saving purposes arise.. ''    <  Life-saving air belts have recently been provided. These^are  worn around the waist and can  be blown up quickly and will  keep the wearer afloat if the ship  goes down.  Everybody Protected  In our, big modern, ships no one  will be outside armor protection  during/the course of-an action.  There are no secondary armaments ' to use to-day; for although the latest of our Dread-  nougts, the "Iron Duke," class,  carry twelve 6-inch guns, as did  all pre-Dreadnought^ships, these  -are a purely anti-torpedo armament, and. would not be used in  a general action. The gun numbers would be all in their turrets,  while the remainder would be below the protective deck and inside the belt armor.  At the commencement of an  action���������that is, if the weather  were clear enough to allow for  long range���������the gun crews would  have nothing tb do beyond loading the gun, the trailing, laying  and firing being carried out by  the control officer in the control  control station, situated at the  foremast head. It - is quite  possible that ' a battle may  be decided before the fleet get  near enough for the individual  gun-layers to show' their skill-  As things stand, in the -North Sea  we have every reason to believe  that our ships.have a much greater superiority of gun-fire over  the German ships than the Gneis-  eau and Scharnhorst had over  the Good Hope and Mpnmouth.  Therefore it will be to our interest to make the range as far as  possible; and as Admiral Jelli-  coe. is also one of our leading gunnery experts, dependence.may be  placed upon him to take every  advantage that superiority of  gun-fire offers*  * The great test of a naval action, if one takes place, will be  the armor-plate, as it is possible  that these will be quite vulnerable to the armor-piercing ^projectile now in use. In the direction  of armor the German ships have  a slight advantage, but nothing  commensurate with our great gun  power. , -    ,  TXXBEK  BEOUXiATIOHS  Governing Timber on' Dominion lands  ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the  North West Territories, the Railway  Belt in the Province of British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres Located by the Dominion  in the Peace River District in British  Columbia.  Moensas  A license to cut timber on a tract not  exceeding twenty-five square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of $5.00 per square  mile, per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Yale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of  6 cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section 20 of the  regulations.  Timber Permits and Dues  Permits may be granted in the Provinces of Manitoba. Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile In extent, on payment of dues at  the rate of 60 cents per thousand feet;  B.M., and subject to payment of rental  at the-rate of $100 per square mile, pe*  annum.  Timber for Someateaders  Any occupant of a homestead quartet-  section having no timber of hia own  suitable for the purpose may, provided  he haa not previously bean granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut the quantity of building and  fencing timber set out in Section 61 of  the Regulations.     "  W. W. CORY.  Deputy of the Minister of the Interior.  \  GENERAL JOFFRE  The love wbich the French  soldier bears Joffre and the blind  confidence which he places in the  great chief are 'fully deserved  and amply repaid. General Joffre, too, loves and trusts bis men.  Never .since/the day when, he  .entered "Polytechnique" in 186ft  has joffre grudged anything to  France. ��������� Bis time' and work, his  whole mind .and heart, have been  devoted to* her service and wrapped up. ������n her; his life he has  many times risked and would wil-  linglyi have laid down for her;  honours he never sought and still  less riches, but never did miser  hold more lovingly, nor jpore Jealously preserve, gold pieces in his  clutches than General Joffre the  lives of his men.  Great as is General Joffre by  his dee4s, he is still greater by  what _he :forbore_ doing;_ greatjajs  is his strength, his patience is  greater still; great as is his intelligence,.his love is greater still;  and great as is the love which  Joffre bears France, still greater- is the love which France  bears. Joffre.  CONGRATULATIONS  ���������yvomxs or coax, ammo  msovxukTxom  Coal mining rlghta of the Dominion,  in Manitoba,* Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portin of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term of twenty-one yeara at an annual  rental of $1 an acre Not more than  2569 acres will be leased to one appli  cant. / '  Application "for a lease must be made  py the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of .tha district In -which  the rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and in unsurreyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Bach' application -must be accompanied by a fee of $6. which will be refunded if the rights applied for are not  available, but not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of 6 cents  per ton.  The person operating- the mine "shAll  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon.   If the coal mining rights  are  not   being   operated,   such   returns   '  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining  rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available .  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at <the  rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY.  ' Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorised publication of  tbis advertisement will not be paid for.  XV  TOE   XATTKBOP   TKS  COX  vxbs' Apr Airs Mxammxa  ACTS.  TAKE NOTICE that The MacDonald-  Godson Company, Limited, intends to  apply at the expiration of one month  from the date of the first publication  of this notice1 to the Registrar-ofNJoint  Stock Companies that its name-, be  changed to "MacDonald Bros.", Engineering Works, Limited."  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 2$th  day of November A. D. 1914. ,,  m.s*. atatfktoa,  Secretary  413 Oranvllle Street,  Vancouver, B. C.  S. B. Redburn  & CO.  We are offering this week  exceptional values in  Ingrain Papers  Now is the time to secure  your paper for your front  room, dining room or hall,  and to have them done for  the'least possible outlay.  Before placing your order  for Fall decorations, kindly  call or phone  S. B. Redburn ft Co.  2317 Mala Street  Phone Fair. 198  Y**********************4*******4*4*****4*4********^  I BREAD of FINE FLAVOR  ��������� > '  ��������� i   .. "''���������*"__  ii ABSOLUTELY WHOLESOME^  .Q_Sbeliy'MX Bread is not mere bread.   It is a ;  .. .delicacy as $reU as^n^ycessity.   T^e, best, and.x  purest materials and the most4modem equipment j ^  make it so. 'Eat plenty of 4X Bread, and chew 'I'  -|     it ^eU to get the flavor and nourishment we have ;;  put in it for you. "  SMly** 4X Brea4  At aU Grocers, or Phone Fairmont 44. V  , - 4 / - i,  *4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4+4+4********������********4*********  South Vmcouto tfwlwWwi  Hamilton Pros.  We are foremost in our line  lor Moderate Priced Funerals  672| ItMer Street       ?J������one: ?rMer 19  ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH  Cor. Broadway ������nd Prince Edward it,'  Services���������Morning Prayer ������$ u n.m.  Sunday Sehwol and Bible class at 3:|0  -     P.m.  -r-       ���������  Holy Communion every Sunday at ��������� %.m.  evening Prayer at 7:30 p.m  and 1st and 3rd, Sundays at UA-m  Rev. O. JJ. Wilson. Hector  The King has sent congratulations to David Stewart; of Loch-  ore, Fifeshire, who has nine sons  with the colours. The Queen has  sent a. shawl to Mrs. Elizabeth  Hudson, of Swaffham (Norfolk)  who has six soldier-sons serving.  AROUt!  ^lbne&T!!_K>R  acco  ���������   Strawberries���������50 varieties  Baspberries���������13 varieties.  Seed Potatoes���������10 varieties.  Descriptive Catalogue FBEE  'THE I*a\KE VIEW FRUIT FABM'  H.  L.  McCONNELL  &  80N  >    Port Burrell - - Ontario  Ottawa, Canada  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors  Clive Pringle: N. G. Gutbrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Railway Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  ,      Bar of British  Columbia.  '   Citizen Building, Ottawa.  ������ *.-- *" ? tm^j*-- Friday, February 19, 1915  THE WESTERN   CALL  "mem  (Use Puel Oil      !  I and Save Money     1  If you are interested in. reducing your Fnel Bill,  see us. We. are saving money for others, and can  do the same for yon.'  We supply and "install Fuel Oil Plants of all  descriptions. We do not advocate a cheap . plant,  but we can satisfy you when results are considered. .  . We have a large number of plants now in operation in hotels, office buildings, apartment houses,  schools and colleges.   '  Fuel Oil Equipment Company  713 Pacific Bldg,  L1MITSD  Phone Sey. 3727     Vancouver, B. C.  ��������� i  Are you going to  wear this winter?  .Why  :w        .j  Leckie's, of Course  And I am going to see that my wife buys them  for THE BOYS too.    they .are the, best to  wear and tire made in Vancouver.  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  SI8-520 BEATTY ST.  44'*t*t4'4'������**.*44*4'*'������'*  VANCOUVER, B.C.   ���������  MANOFAOTOaSBS OP  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Legglns, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always ,,  on hand.  BiraaiES, waoons, etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  Wa are the largest manufacturers and.  Importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  ���������    WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  ���������������������������^������������������.������������������*+**'f-*fr+'*4+*.  ������������������*4-4>***4>4-4>4-4>  FLOUR IS CHEAP  98 lb. Sack for  .   -.   . T  X" -    ".--   "    $3S0  WB QUAIUKTI5B THIS TO.BE WO. 1 BKB.4D FI.O0K.  Only a Tow Sadu Left.  0rd������r at Onm.  Wo have just received a oarioad of Shuawap Timothy  Hay.   This hay ia fresh and green and equal to Idaho.  Oar Poultry Supplies ara a revelation.. "We welcome your  enquiries.  Fm TV Vernon  rhtuii Wnmt m-116 *B lm������������v Eu>  >*���������** *** ******���������*+***+* *.*+*++**���������****+*** ** *������������������ ***4**+4**i  ,. ******** ***** *  +++^^+++++^**������+*>*\,.l*AY.*>A+.++i,l,\>l,li t������������������������.������������*������H������. ���������*..���������������  Our Vancouver Industries  **���������*+****���������*-*���������**���������** ���������V+1r***+*++*****************f*+*******i  MANUFACTURING SHOES IN VANCOUVER FOR THE ALLIES  THE LECKIE SHOE .FACTORY  TIk Seven Sisters, Stanley Pwk :gxxxxsxx0texx��
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TBE WESTERN  CALL
-,-������ February 19-1915;
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hpme^te^
haye:/a;''jteth:,a^
conip^out ;bf;th^tireii^
abie -proof ofwthe wotti^^ttlv^ginmwatiw^wbJ^?
.-. ��� marks ���. the/ whole ^jcjjiiix^
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... sent ia one^ehd^aiad/^ ':��� aati8a^VM>^he'^
, other.:���"'.'.! wUi^dieisiBribieiii-as nearly, as pbiasiblieV
r, Firstbf ^lvthevpbn^^
��� V billets V ahd^Vraarche^ith^
V large school jOr^a&i^^
k ��� training; ��� college V fpr^^pjwSeK /^neijc^^lM^fi^*f-J:
baths haye '-ijieeii^
{Xx:In.;;ith^
JJ thing out "pf^^^jae^
^vercpats j^tte ;Vir$;:2ni^^
.���with a long line of numbered receptacles down
f I oyercoatsi; ftbdts:,��$p^^
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: class-rooms on either side,,all labelled with the
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?rt��clpaUt7 i�� P��t��rml��ed to do
Iti Sbart to Supply food for
���^:^::Xi;l^:-v.:v^:vBrit4W^vXiiVVv^x;vH
iVlii :|cy,fe^A,Qf^.t]be^^igl>. price; pi
wheat anid the possible prolongation of the war, the farmers in
Wales are beginning to recognize
that it is their duty to place a
greater area of their land under
cultivation. J:VmyjJm^^kJyeam^
there -has: :npt |t��^^iacii|^h��3t"
grown in Wa)Mrk&4^^
consumption, aidlfor seeding pur^
cpbe ^imiwfitiiW^
onp the piid ccrani^^iil^^
were in fiitf swing thirlyVw;foij^
.; yean ago haye Vfifllei|V5iitpvjd1*f
tiseVor been deypted;';iiiii^t;9oi^ly:'
pointing out to them the importance and advantiftges of extending their wheat growi^
Jn sbmp?-t:^^i^ote,:^H6weYer;;- the
farmers Are not 3n a position tp
extend their wheat-growing area.
There-is a considerable acarcity
of labor on the farms, so many of
the young men who in past seasons were available, for the land
haying either enlisted or migrat
:'4^v.^t-ihej^:\^;;'tJi>.' take Vthe;pla��e
of;V]U^hK>r ivhich ha�� been/callexl
up: WheneVer possible, however,
there are abundant indications
that a new spinthia8 entered into
Welsfr a^culture^ and a Vniark-
ed tendency tpihcreaie the wheat
output.
Chancellor Lloyd George they can break through.   If any-
,��^fp^^p��ni^��|^
^:|ti^j^v^ : men/;^ld^i^ito o;wp&
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v ���-���" ^intentions, :^
ii?i^;i>:iftctu^.';t*^
An outappken address on; the
M v
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to the grinding o�� local|^iRW^Cr; sub^
ed bariey and oats ���fwVfeiet^^
stuffs; X In  the  ineantnneX^ Cambridge and Glanibrgan Farm
Welsh farmers think .t^^rVhy
jxloughing theirV land now iii| piv
der; to   growXwheat,' 'pala
Welsh farmer devoted^hiai Vatten^
tion to the rearing (rf^aheepSa^
cattle^ and ^oVdairy farnung^
the present crisis; ^We^er;V/ivhen
wheat, barley.;^and':'pata^ weVbe^
coming dearer,V moreXattentipn
may well be giypn^ to jthe-cais^ag
of larger cropis'^pf//ceroal^Som^
theV: ���Boardi|pf% Aj^eultifipe ��� s  pf-
ficei\XHeViiaiid '^fl^:|^:i;d.araeiiB
^weVVtpdi^Viiiyi^
prosperous times in the history
pfiv-^riculturef^^this  cpuntryj/
""" '''$J$**Mj3^b&
was- jhej yraivkk^^����� I^^V^nf;
fered mnchVinv^V^
licuitural ^epi^ssicwn, and he hop
harley, they are anticipatingVgoy-- ed ^eipriesent/^
ernment   measures ;which/;V^^j cpntmue; ^
compel; certain^ portions of ^ev<ery ;| p^t "The ;^
farm to be placed iwdercultiv^
;ti6nv;^E^erts-_..^m;::;;tW
universityV   college^ and     the ^3^
Board of Agriculture have visit- 'Jy self-supporting, but there was
v
^c^ ^.^w^t^Ml^tX^e' .....
wpTO thbsew
wprkied -put VtKeirV pwnV ^lyaupn
without jprQija^/ t^y vth�� /jg^-'^^nmi^icat^:
The* I^i^
operation among themselvesi/ ^tie
WelahV agriculturists v were^pi^
their triaLX Thfeir; cl^ihi tp'ij|rg^
er grants would be judged largely in the light of how they ^Cooperated. Governments helped
those who helped themselves. Had
the farmers done their dut�� VwitH
regard - to /cattle, hones "" '"
sheep t<; As regards; horses there
had been a decided improVeflaf nt
but he could not say/;the same}pt
cattle and!shepp. v. ^herer,^via^jir
time when Glamorgan^w^
forvthe Glamorgan cattte!. .Millpi
thing"wasX ieard v p$ Glamorgan
cattle:,. fiOW^ VThree k 1;hing8^iM>re:
needed for the f^nienV(I)Vng^-.
education and; a vbetter sys^*.V
(2) : busings ^methods
operation in J its widi&st form !^
'tfj...'-. ;���_
'/(a ���':':.,
-\Myjj
MAY TE^T TO FORGE ^X
THE DABDANELI.ES
yance V pf ��� cre^tvvtp ? the V Russian
Gbyernment ^to/^aliiifcl^ to; p^jr
i!p_rf; Rujssian ^^hases ;iii ^cpunf
trie* y^ithii:^^^
including Canada. XX X ":.,:Xx-
X*A mpre: impprtaiit sWutipn,|'
says 'the Chronicle/* 'must be to
restore the Russan export trade.
More haai V been done v via Archangel than was ever expected,
but the decisive step must be the
.reopening r of V the Dardanelles.
i^hisVwimldvi^ Russian
credit J bnv itsX ;ifeet V again,! but
bringXthe ; price Jot wheat doWn
'with ft^ruish. in the British hwjv
ket.k ^hp^twp rmilts taken 'tp-
'^th^/airmywy,; extremely Vim--,
portant; though a serious attempt
to' ^jBapture^V (^^tantinoplev has
:l^h<i^;vlrt^ the
AJpiiBis'raa aV=:^i^ath,:X.''diyertipg'
jpnergy ftpnr/their; main goal. V It
^ightwellf become -worth- while
'in Vthe event/of the warVbecbming
viaore p^trapted tp^ make aV^Ou^
���1^\wipn/'in;.tb^V^^
'?:^php^imei^^^
^The tri^V^explanatibn of the
Possibility That Allies Will Make
a Spirited Attack 00 XX
���~ J Conitantinople.' k   :~ -?gvv
Smot; Action Necessary to Ita-
���-   fltore Russia's Export""' -fv--
Uni*. .������'X/v
i0��rmans^J'k-new battering ram
policy in Poland probably is that
they?:are in serious straitsV and
hiye: staked their faith. upon a^
policy, of hacking through. Their
latest /atteinpt is evidence^ of
their' desipair.' (They have to
break through or withdraw, ami
they relied upon their old theory,
repeatedly falsified in this war,
timifif jiiey^only concentrate men
V ; LondonX-Canada Vis both ^di-
rtctly? and indirectly concernfed
in ,th^ jQ^t fmanciial agre
threats to bl|^ade_:^ngl^d-:'X
TIMBEE SAI.B :X: 366/
/:;^Sealed;V'.'Tehaeriv^, /wiliV y'ij��V;V��oceive4
liy thp Minister - of Lands not ;l^ter
than noon on the 15th day >f April,
1915, ��� for the purchase of Licence X
356, to cut 14,203,000 ..'fejst.cpf-' cedar,
hemlock/ and balsam, on an area
adjoining Lot 928, Gilford Island,
Bange   One,;   Coast    District.>  'V  ���
Five   (5) ��� years   will   be   allowed
for ��� removal; -of^timberV,.;-^':';X::X;V':
Further   particnlars   of V- the   Chief
Ftfreater,;,;-yietoria^.::B.;/;C.VV 'S; -'/:'V. -:^
TIMBBB  SALE  X 860
���.������';, Sealed Tenders.will -beylleeeiwdVlSy
the Minister of Lands jibt later than
noon on the 12th dajr of April, 1915,;
for the purchase of Licence X 360}; to
cut 4,933,000 Vfeet pfDouglto
lock and cedar;; on- an .area .'"being:*jx-
pired :T*?L. 37126, Port Neville; Range
One, Coast Distriet.;   '    '^'jy/'JiX;''
VTlfireeV(3) years >^ Wiriloi^ed^fot
���removal of-;timber.-V"X/ ':"V.X;;XV/'
". :���:, Further Vparticulara; Vof
Forester,/:Victoria, VB....;C.,'���='
thev Chief
TIMBER SAiE X 366
:^'/:^
Sealed Tend;ef8 will be .received by
th^^e Minister of Lands not later than
noon, on the. 12th day of April,;1915,
for the purchase of Licence X 366, to
cjit 5,800,000. feet of sprucey cedar, hemlock ��lnd balsam fir, on Lot 1101; lying
west of Kwalate Point, Range one.
Coast District.     ���'"   ^   ; ;"/<:-
, Three (3) years will be allowed, for
yemoyar of timber..   /  - ^.;rX)V X;j::V"^
F^her.particulars of the Chief.F^>r-
;est^V^iewria,~-B.:.C;XXX'V' "': .V^'X
::wAriii#kd#08;
;-+V/whoflef addrei* is 4423 Slocan Streetl
VAncouvpri.%& :C^^mjJJk\^ t^ ^d
���license ;td take; and/nee five cubic" feetl
���pel weondVan^vto/ ���tbiexabbut 256;dobl
gallons out of an unnamed creek to be 1
hehcefortlr; known Vas-Aatiey; Creeks
^rhiph ;flqj��w/jioutl��^��l!t��)rtyVw   draina-
into the sea about 1-ft miles north ofV,
the southern point of the west coaat J
of Te��ada Island, Province dif British f
Columbia.   The  storage   dam   will  he
located T'pnJ.J or V near Vthe V nbrt^weiSt^
corner of:��� Lot -389^ Group: L i>n the;
���aid Terada Island.   The capacity Vof��-
the reservoir  is  not yet  determined.']
The water will be diverted from the/
stream   at   or   near   the   north-west
corner of Lot 339 aforesaid and "will
be used for mining, steam, power and <
storage  purposes   Upon   the   land   de-1
scribed, as Lot 339 aforesaid and elsewhere. '������ Thir notice was posted on thej
ground on the 14th day of December, J
M14.   A copy of this:notice and an 1
application  pursuant  thereto;  and   to
the <Waiter Act, 1914, will be filed in -���
the office of thr Water- Recorder at
Vancouver,  B.   C.   Objections  to  the j
application may be filed with the said (
Water Recorder or with the Comptrol-.
ler of Water Bights, Parliament Build-1
ings,: Vi��5toria, B^VC^ within 30l days J
after   the - first   appearance   "bf V this f
notice in a local; newspaper. V The datef
of the first publication of'this nbt'ice
;is;V^th;VJanuary,'.;VI915.^ .
c- y/y // ��� >  JOSEPkVASTLEtft^
X-^/:--V i'k'-i-kjk X.X;' /;/;,: Applicabt.
^i^X,VX:|XLAin) ;.AC*v5;V;V'/;-:
.���'.-#.���
XNiw V Westminster Land  District,
X /'V District of Texada Island.   V
y AKE^OTiCE that /^ Joseph JUtle^
]y.i rf; Vancouver, oc^
intend to apply for permiBsiW ito/Ieaae <
the;following  described  foreshdre  for<
docking^Vvpurposes;/ ^bm^nci'ngv at  a 1
post  planted' about   one^and; a  haif
mUes from the southern.point (on the]
east >;iBide).  of ..Texada  Island,  Jthence
fbllomng .the VshoreUne  in  a/; northwesterly direction to the  head^ of m,
unnamed bayV(henceforth to be known;
as_<; Astley - Bay)., thence: f ollbTong the
sb ore line around the bay tb: the east
side, thenee/ south-east for about"��� 750
,feet.XXX^ ''������.'���'' .       /'XXXXXX
- Da,jte_l January 20th, 1915i^XXijX
;=-"XXi yjJ/ JQSEMvl#ri^X$
:V.VX"'
rvfe^^v^
r ,^%; ~-f

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