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The Western Call 1915-02-12

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Published in the interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People
Volume VI.
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,   Friday, February 12, 1915.
5 Cents Per .Copy.
Redistribution Bill Gives Vancouver New Members
������������������� �������������!! IU JWm���� IHWUIK 1111111 - III11 M '     *���!���.���< 111 MII. ��l. I. !���. 11�� ���<��HHMMM III HI III III I
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The Second ^Narrows Bridge Contract Needs Careful Watching
The recent great blizzard in the East reduced
the crowd-Hattending the mammoth Billy Sunday
[v tabernacle in Philadelphia to a paltry, 9,000 per
service. Still "Sleepy Hollow" must be roused
when such a crowd could be mustered through
the snow , and slush that prevails in Eastern
cities during a blizzard and its usual aftermath.
Sunshine after storm, however, brought back
the crowds, and last Sunday foUr services were
f, billed for the tabernacle, and in order to make
it certain that there would be a change of audience. Billy Sunday announced that he would
repeat his sermon on the "Second Coming of
Christ" at two of the services, afternoon and
\One of the features of the "Sunday" meetings are the huge delegations that attend and
have sections of the tabernacle reserved for them.
We have already referred to the delegation of
;New York ministers ,400 strong, that came by
special train to attend the afternoon session and
confer with Mr. Sunday about his visit to New
The succeeding Saturday 2,000 Presbyterian
1 elders matched to the tabernacle in the afternoon. -    '
On the 17th of February, President Rea, all
1 tbe officials, and 8,000 of the employees of the
^Pennsylvania Railroad are to have reserved seats.
Saturday afternoon, February' 13th, the special-guests will be, the High School boys'and
>!��� and also thoiw of the Manual Training
ichool teachers ,
'*"XXXX- -X
for a. (spectal
A - 5
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;��^3gemefct*<fcre\ twnfr$ade jfor-Weptioii *of
$Jriat^n^iyers#y. afco.' ���.; j. ^ ;'    -^ ^ ^ _(    _,
X^^qtber feature, of the Sunday 'campaign; te''
the wotk outside of, the great teinSrnaclex Every'
-prner of the gjNeat city is invade"-! by Mr- Sunday.
nftd Jiis corps, of workers.   .'' \ > ,
Xv Philadelphia is the greatest factory' town,in
the world. Pritire villages of skilled Junius, male
and femals.vhave ^been^'move^'' from industrial
centres in Europe^ especially .from Great Britain
1 Ireland, to Philadelphia. -���
Into' the. workshops and factories, morning,
o^nd/afternoon -press the Band of Workers
vthatae%j&|9jE>any the evangelist, and Billy Sunday
'W_perJNaRB-^&le^most_active.of them all _i^_ this
"    ,��4
'  An<J^ no class' is /neglected.    Wherever xan
honest imitation:' is extended, Billy Sunday, does
I liot fe��>:.to press.       X     '.   ''
Mrs. Qettjatain F.: Richardson, president of
the philbmusiai* Club, sent out. invitations to the
f. club .women t6vheir Billy Sunday in her drawing
Vrooms o*ff*i"certain morning at 10. o'clock.   Re-
| plies accepting the invitation came so fast that
['her home.accommodation,was quickly swamped
and. Mrs. Richardson-borrowed the hall of the
Philomusian Club, of which she is president.' The
women began to"arrive at 8..30 a.m-, and at 10
o'clock 800 * Philadelphia club women faced the
evangelist and listened to a scathing address on
^the "Dangers of Iimmorality*"
r. Divorce and the profligacy of the wealthy
aid the cultured were handled'without gloves
KbV Sunday.      ������ ; X      X\"    y,
�����-   "One ef the worst' enemies jbf our country,"
declared Billy, "is, the bea^ who drags His li-
Lcentious,'. slimy carcass across tVe threshold of
^another man's borae.XtSyorce is eating'like a
[cancer at "the foundation of ther American home,
'atad .eveiy/day'the inneij.wall of Christianity,
which protects us all from God's wrath, is men-
placed when a, man run'seaway with another man's
.wife.        X -- k"i --      /
0 Courts Tell Loathsome Stories.
"The'v divorce courts daily tell a loathsome
' story of the rottenness of organized society.   We
find one man marrying another man's wife, and
'another man's wife remarrying.3_riother woman's
husband.   What could be Hlore disgraceful in the
^eyes of the Lord?" -   -^n?*'*
"Every morning:'-the ..newspapers record a
new pame added .to -the list of men and women
'who have gone to'hell through "the divorce courts
,or some other rotten place. Every day we read'
of men who have run off ;with other'men's
wives and whose low ideals make them the
Benedict Arnolds of. the home."
"If man lived up to the teachings of the
Bible, we would not need laws or .policemen .or
jails, and if every man "in'America wjis. a genuine
^Christian "we would be-able to sink our battle-;
.ships and turn our guns into" ploughshares just
as the rest of-the world would be able to do if
it was genuinely Christian
--; (Continued c��_
' r    ~r    - ^^m
" v-  "    -   ;fcouvfer^to thfe W^^gMe.. Then why let comtraet
to  Turner! - \^hy��� not- to  Coghldn  and - SoU8��� *
^teett ^    . ., '   -      "X      /'  '  ���%::.
Who is .Turner?  There is no definite ^nsv^er^f
only v that he is an American and an ^eng^eef
adventurer of,no fixeds.repute.   He may be-tfce}..
greatest bridge engineer ^ ever known,  bu�� Ve '
-have no proof.. We know be has changed his
plans half a dozeu times and agrees to,orange
them as often as suggested- -Does that1 speak '
well for him? ;X,
We also know that he gave the contract for',
the wood blocks for the Harris Street Viaduct ,
ahd-the laying of them to aTacoma firm, while
Vancouver plants lay idle.   Does that speak well"
-for the-"-made in-Vancouver" cry!-Will he ,
keep faith with Coghlan & Sons and other steel
Why ^ot give the contract.to one of these
local steel companies and get one of our own
Canadian engineers whom we know and who are
citizens of our country, and not this man Turner
who has already broken faith with us ?
Why not Cleveland & Cameron, or Mr-
Conway, or Cartwright &' Matheson, or Herman & Burwell, all of whom are better engineers than Turner?
, We wish to support local industry, but not
unknown and unstable American adventurers.
It is further stated^that it is his purpose to buy
the steel in the States and only do portions of
the fabrication in Vancouver. He, Turner, has
deceived us once -, are we to oe his dupes again ?
 ��� r0���: 1_
* As^o how the biU:BhalUbe paid, Canada; is
'rich-in resources/an!_Tin territory. In men and
.gold she is poor.. Her public works, semi-public
works, and private ' enterprises have been too
great for her supply of cash.
Therefore, she has been a heavy borrower in
the British market.   . "    -
Now that market for gold is closed, and many
of Canada's -enterprises are at a standstill. ,
Without sufficient money to finance her great
and small enterprises, how shall Canada pay her
share of the war debt.    Shall heavy taxes* bV
levied on her trade and industry, on her enterprises and improvements?    We���say no, except',
as a last resort.   How then?
We are building in all ways for posterity.
We are fighting not only for ourselves but
more for the heritage of those who come after-
The bill should therefore be borne by the years
to come. '���    .' k
We say take of the public domain, lands,
���timber, minerals, etc. Issue scrip against these,
say, five dollars per acre on land or seven or
ten, as the case may be, and sell the scrip, or sell
the lands as the great,railroads have done their
concessions,���- and out of the proceeds collected
over a long term of years, in annual instalments,:
perhaps, with four per cent, interest, arid one
per cent.oXtvvo ,per^ cent, sinking fund, which
would redeem the principal, until the whole is
paid.     X*       X     ,
^kft&fcmfijfr;fan* _$ftvta.-tW,tf*M &
. paicf.rJiet tbe >eVefc sections" go for homestead*
. ejid the ,<rtjd sections, be 1*0$. v.;: tl.. - *j* *\. yyc ���<���
JJj^eri'epce ^as ^ showu/fhai tftere; itre' more"
. purchasers ' than hoj^esteaders,  and advantage
Lrshould be taken by tb�� Governmept'of that' fact.'
'���      "/      k r^ ���^-   -*
c    -TW|l CANADIAN A*m?
< "  The  quiet  awfe'mbling  and despatching  of
- such a Canadian ar^oy as has assembled, equip- -
'ped' and i�� part'despatched, is a notable thing.
, AH "we can iiay *|t ^his time is " Well |done,
Canada." , X>      '   -    '
We .grieve that?bur battleships did not materialize. We abtfllbave reason for greater grief
in this regard when the war is over, as' our
statesmen know by this/time'.. But they did not
_ materialize, and in-the_ great ocean/Jtriumph_we_
have no part! That our coast cities .are apt in
ruins and the population homeless ,to a great
-extent we have to thank others.'* And we do and
shall thank them.        ���        " -X t   ^ , ���   X'" "
But in regard tp the arm#, Canada has acted
and will act to the, erid^andfpr all; that has been
done we sa yagain, "Well 4ope%"   -
, ^ But even so, the benefit wp'^jel with Canada.
In the future we must stand sentinel on our
-western shores.,. It is the tum^fEurope's strife
-now; it will be the turn of Asia!tomorrow.
In the readjustment of nati6n�� and raeesnow
beginning, there will be much confusion, and unless humanity "strangely change its character,
much strife and bloodshed. And woe to the
nation which .in. not prepared to defend its own.
Whatever happens it cannot but be an advantage to have^'as we shall if God give \is the
victory, which now seems measurably assured, an
army of veterans trained;by the greatest aoldiers
of the age, hardened physically and as to' morale
by the present campaign, and seasoned by .the
actual experiences of the field.
We hope to see the boys return a hundred
thousand-strong and with' them from the, veterans
of Britain. France and Belgium, many a. thousand more, coming to settle down after the -up-y
heaval, in this great land of ours.'
-   ' __1_S i-^i_
With July wheat .aroundV $1.60, per ^bushel
and a likelihood of it'going, to $2.00 the crop
prospect of this" coming season becomes a subject
of more than common interest. We-learn from
absolute reliable "authority that a, larger area of
> land has teen ploughed ahd made ready'for the
crop than ever before in the history 'of Canada.
It is. also true that an abundance of rain fell
during the. past, autumn, which is always an important .factor. Added to' this tfomes the news
of an unusually heavy fall.of snow this winter.
All these things point to a "bumper crop" this
coming. Season.' With ordinary good weather
Canada should,be greatly enriched.,by the products of her soil this year and the calamity of
Europe-inayVprove to be, not an unmixed blessing,'
in that ^ft' will' reinstate tens of thousands of
farmers, who^hay.e suffered hardships little less .
than those suffered in Europe because of the
titanic struggle of nations'now going on.
So the Hon. Joseph Martin is adding another
experience to his exceedingly varied career���that  ��
of editor-in-chief of a daily paper.
Well, we have no doubt but that it will prove
a notable effort and will yield some red hot copy.
Joe generally keeps things interesting when
he is around, and not only for his fees. Many a
time has a busy colleague, fighting beside Joe been
surprised to find his gun jerked from his hand,
and himself collared and shaken because he held
the gun in a manner displeasing to Joe. So often
has this been the case that they do not use Joe
much in the ranks any more, but try to find him
a place where he can act as a "sniper" individually.
Even then Joe cannot trust himself, much
less can his friends be sure where they will find
him. It is quite.on the cards that he may get
turned around without knowing it and be found
peppering his friends with hot shot to their utter
discomfiture and to the amusement and delight
of the foe-
.   Even with himself Joe cannot always agree.
Having attained the premiership at one time,   <
so accustomed' was he to the role of fighting the
premier that he fell out with himself and hurled
himself from off ice.before   ever having met his   ..
parliament, if our memory serves.        '
And yet there is a good deal that is likable
with Joe. He is a scrapper, but many people
like a scrapper and some people love one.
For instance, passing out from the Tower' of .
London one day/, hi 1913 we saw a burly leather-''
jacketed drayman making UBe j>�� an idle hpa* to
deliver the iteuri unletteree Hariangiiej<<��tf-��oiitl��^,v
tie topics.   Around blur 'were the turaal casual >
crowd of old tyn^^wbieh .��ay one iejfcu cause
with" or without reason. ] He lambasted all and
present day or any other goyernn_^'lr��a the klly
^        .    . *lL>Zi
t.     J4*'W1
A' V   '-jl
. '/>* ;#��
Vrt ', 1
parliament there is bhlyVdne man wbq��� w^Wortjr
having," he cried, "and that .is our min at St.'
Pancras.. 'E's called Joseph Bifartiu; 'e's only a'
plain 'workin' man, an   e  'asn't got anythin'
^ more than none of the rest of us!"
Well, we shall welcome Joe as the editor-in-
chief of the new daily. Things will be livelier in
journalism until Joe quarrels with his own policy
and informs himself that he can no more hold
the office.
We wish for Joe's own sake that he were in
his place in the House at this time, for after all
he is a Canadian, and we dislike that there might
be an opportunity for the enemies of Joe to sug-.
gest that a Canadian came near to deserting his
post in thefaceof. the enemy- ���      -	
' pfu wm nim that nu
- The first six months of.actual war has, cost
the, five leodirig belligerent nations the incalculable sum.of $e,575,000j000. The London Economist estimates that the first year will cost those
nations not less than $15,000,000,000. Fifteen
billions in one year! The figures mean nothing,
even to the imagination. But the interest on the
increased national debt will mean increased tax
burdens on every workingman's back, and an
exhausting toll on evejey honest and remunerative industry. But even that staggering price
might be paid if this war led to civilized internationalism, and if civilization were relieved of
even a part of the insufferable burden or armaments in times of peace.
This is an aspect of the situation in which the
close, students of. finance find some crumbs of
comfort- TheNew York Commercial of Tuesday
Jast quotes with approval the February circular
of theflSTational City Bank, which says:
'' If the outcome of the war should be the
establishment  of  peace  on���:���;. a  basis   which
could  permit of even partial  disarmament
and a reduction of military and naval establishments, the  saving: upon these  expendi-'
tures, might offset the interest upon a part
or all of the new debts, and even provide a
sinking fund for their payment.   If Europe
has. been  spending,  as  currently  reported,
some $2,000,000,000. per year in preparations
for war, and this could, be reduced one-half,
the saving ,would pay the interest on $25,-
000,000,060: at four per cent. "V. ,
But nothing will or can make the war other
thanVa wicked waste and an irrevocable loss.   As
The  Commercial  remarks; X European progress
has been set back fifty years.   The money spent
on guns, shells, bullets, and equipment is economic and absolute loss."   In that loss there is no
gain to match.   Nothing can restore that wasted
wealth to the channels of (productive industry.
."..The" workers of    today    and    their children-s,
children will-sweat under this year's mad .carnage.'   And few countries will be left to which
those burden bearers might    flee    and    find a
sanctuary.   All Europe will be bled white..
_i ' %v*-  THE WESTERN-. CjgP  f\ sets  New Models���������Latest Styles  Just in.  Prices less than down town  Some Friday and Saturday  BARGAINS  Boys' Boots, sizes 1 to 5; a  good Boot. Reg1.,$3.00 and  $4.00. Friday, for. per  pair    * $2.38  Boys' High Cut Boots, szes  11, 12, 12i/2. 13 and 1, 2y2  3 and 3^; these sizes  only.     Friday, per  '   pair    .'...$3.48  Children's Rib Wool Hose.  Reg. to 50, Friday, for 28c  Pen-Angle Silk Lisle Hose,  in tan only. Friday  .28c  Writing Pads. Reg.  15c,  for  ....8c  Box Note Paper. Reg. 25c  and $1.00; for ���������.:... .35c  Boys' Underwear, gar.. .33c  Men's Underwear, gar..48c  Men's Boots, pair $2.68  New Spring Style Book and  March pattern, now on  sale.  BINGHAM'S  Cor. Main & 8th Ave.  ;**���������*}****** *4+4+*++4]  ��������� ��������������� ���������*   a i_ti '**��������� -**  * -*- ���������*��������� *���������*   * -*   *��������� '-** W _> i_w"  Friday, February 12,. 1915.  ,'VJ  SNIDER BROS. & BRETH0UR, CONTRACTORS  * X  ������������������������������������*���������*���������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������������������������������������*������������������������������*���������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   T  I   COAL  t       .   _   .   _t  ���������������"���������������>.������������������'���������>���������.>.��������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  You can prove the actual saving in cash if you  will try one ton of our .Old Wellin^on Coal. This  coal will reduce your fuel bill without reducing the  heat.  LUMP    - $7.00  NUT      - $5.50  PEA       - $4.00  SLACK - $3.50    .  BRIQUETTES      -       -      $6.50  $   WOOD���������Choicest Dry Fir Cordwood $3.00 per load.  ������    +4 ***** *+*+*+***+*+**-*���������*++*>(.-**+* *********** ��������� 4 ������* ��������� <*+  I-  !  +  t  *  f  t  t  ! McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Seymour 5408-5409.  *-**-**+*++ ���������<������������������������������������������������������ *+*******+ k* * 4+4+4+4+4>^^*>4+*+4+4+*r^*)4i*> t  s A The New Detention Building, Vancouver.  The new. Immigration Building, whieh completed, will cost well on to $300,000, is now  under construction by the well known Vancouver firm of contractors, Messrs. Snider Bros, and  Brethour. All the partner's of this company are Native Sons and have already erected in Victoria  and Vancouver probably the largest number of buildings of any contracting firm in the country.  +4*4***4*4*******4*******4+)*4*4*4*4***4*4********* ******************************  GREAT PUBLIC WORKS OF CANADA  t  !        ���������      t  4*4*4****+***********+*+*+*+* ���������������������������������������������'������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^^������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  *4**********+**4********+*  A few Reasonsl  Why you should buy at  Independent  Drug Store j  Cor. 7th & Main  1^-We are .close to your  home.  _2-XWe_ have as big._a  stock as any other  Drug Store in Vancouver.  3-���������We have two expert  .."..   Prescription Druggists.  4���������You can phone '���������your  waiits and obtain the  goods.  Marret & Reid  Phono Fairmont 969  *+*<* *>*******************<  Phone Seymour 9086  What you want to do now is to  cut down your expenses and live within your income. I would give all the  legerdemain of finance and financing  for the old homely maxim "Live within   your   income."���������Saml.   J.   Tilden.  Open a Savings Account  Bow, Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St., W.  Mckay   Station   Burnaby  "We reproduce an interesting account of a  great Canadian national enterprise ��������� which the  writer of the following compares with the building of the Panama Canal.  So much has been written about the Panama  Canal that the gigantic engineering feat has  come to be regarded as the eighth wonder of the  world. Its chequered* history, its appalling cost,  both in human life and in money, its stupendous  construction problems, all have been described  in such detail that most people are familiar with  their every feature. ' On all hands it is conceded  to be a splendid achievement, reflecting credit  on those who have carried it to completion.  Canadian young people should not forget,  however, tluit in their own country there is today being prosecuted a national work which in  some respects is of even greater importance than  the Panama Canal. While ^not so large nor so  difficult of accomplishment, the building of the  new "Welland Ship Canal rivals in many particulars the construction of the canal across the  Isthmus of Panama. From the engineering  standpoint, it is true, it may not be as notable a  work; from the commercial standpoint it will  probably be of greater significance.  - -Many years ago, _when Upper _Canada_ was  first settled, people became interested in the  problem of how to get around the Falls of  Niagara in boats. There were no railways then,  and it would mean a great saving in the cost of  transportation if they could only take their  boats through from Lake Ontario to Lake Erie  without having to unload- At last some men  did conceive a plan to build a canal, and after  several years' work they succeeded in doing so.  This canal was very small and imperfect, but it  filled existing requirements, and from 1833, when  it was completed, until 1841, when the Government took it over,- it accommodated traffic" very  well indeed.   V    ���������   :. '     '  In the meantime the country to the westward  was filling up, and on L������akes Huron and Erie  ships were, being launched that were much too  large to get into the little hundred-foot wooden  locks on the Welland Canal. The first thing,  that the Government did when it acquired the  canal was''to arrange to enlarge it. This work  was begun in 1842 and completed throughout in  11850. The locks were now built pf stone, 150 by  26% feet in size, and were double the capacity  of the old wooden locks. They were big enough  to hold any ships sailing on the lakes at that  time.  Twenty years passed, and again the size of  the ships on the upper flakes outgrew the capacity of the cana.1.. .The'Western'States were  now becoming heavy grain producers, and large  prop'eHpr's were being built to carry the grain  from Chicago to Buffalo. Practically two-thirds  of, these ships were too long and drew too much  water to make it possible for them to-navigate  the canal. A second enlargement was decided  upon in the year 1872, which meant practically  a rebuilding of a large section of the canal  along a new route. This is the canal, completed  in 1887, with a fourteen foot waterway thi'ough-  out, whieh is now in operation. Its locks measure  270 by 45 feet, giving treble the capacity of the,  canal taken over by the Government in 1841. It  was of a size sufficient to accommodate the  largest vessels of the day and was regarded as  being ample to meet all needs for years to come-  Once again and for the third time the mandate has gone forth that the Welland Canal must  be enlarged. Engineers were sent into the field  to study the  ground and make plans.    It was  ascertained at the outset that the route of the  existing canal would not serve; that a new route  would have to be located. This,- was finally  .found some distance to the east of the old canal,  and .about a year ago the work of construction  was commenced. It is now being prosecuted with  vigor, and the scene along the line of the new  channel is one full of interest and inspiration.  Let us see whether the' new Welland Ship  Canal can stand,comparison in any respect with  the far-famed Panama Canal. So far as length  is concerned it cannot, for the latter's fifty  miles is double the, Welland's twenty-five: The  respective widths of the bottoms of the channels  are 300 feet and 200 feet, the minimum depths  41 and 25 feet, though the Welland Canal locks  are being made to conform with a 30-foot depth  throughout. The Pan,ama locks are 1,000 feet  long and 110 feet wide: those of 'the Welland 800  feet long by 80 feet wide. All these figures show  the capacity of the Welland to ,be approximately  two-thirds of that of the Panama Canal. Considering that the one is an inland canal and the  other a great interoceanic canal, the position of  the former as a very important piece of engineering work is established.  There is much to interest the observer in the  earlier-stages of. construction. -Looking down  from the escarpment at Thorold towards Lake  Ontario, a busy scene is presented. From this  point the route of the canal is widely diverted  from.'the old canal- Crossing the latter twice, it  strikes almost; due north through the valley of  the Ten Mile Creek to the shore of the lake. Here  a new harbor, called Port Weller, after the name  of the chief engineer, is in process of formation.  Two sinuous piers fare being thrown for a mile  and a, half from shore in order to make the  breakwaters which will' enclose the eai'th excavated from tlie cuts, which is brought down by  the trainload and dumped on wooden piles.  Incidentally, as illustrating the tremendous  scope of the work, it may be said that the contractors have had to build a complete double-:  track railway from the lake to the foot of the  escarpment. Along it trains go thundering back  and forth all day long. Here and there spurs  branch off and descend into the excavations,  where steam shovels are forever-tearing at the  earth and loading it on to cars. These are hauled  off when they are filled and the materLal conveyeddown to the piers.  In the, neighborhood of Thorold, where four  of the seven locks which will raise ships from  the level of Lake. Ontario to that.of Lake Erie  are located, it has been found necessary to lift  a. railway out of. the Avay of the work. The line  of the Port Colborne branch of the Grand Trunk  lay for some distance directly in the.path of the  canal. To remove it a new line has been constructed to the westward, a costly piece of work,  since a long and deep rock cutting was required.  It will take long years to finish the task, in  spite of the rapid progress that has already been  made. Such a gigantic undertaking as this cannot be finished in a day. Its completion will  have an important bearing on the navigation of  the Great Lakes. Take, for instance, the question of time- The present canal has twenty-six  locks, the passing through which is.a slow and  tedious process. The new canal will have hut  seven, of which three will be twin or double  locks, permitting one ship to go down while another goes up. By means of a system of valves  and culverts in the walls of the locks, it will be  possible to fill them in eight .minutes. This is  quick work and will greatly expedite traffic.  (Continued on Page 5)  O  DEBENTURES  SEALED  SECURITY  is essential to safe investment.  Our Debentures guarantee a,  a return of 5^���������are negotiable  -are secured by  $7,480,339  Assets.  4% on Savings Deposits. Subject to cheque  withdrawal. Interest compounded quarter-  yearly.  The Great West Permanent Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg:, Ground Floor  R. J. POTTS, Manager.  HOUSEHOLD GOODS and OFFICE FURNITURt  .i _i tllfl  OLDEST AND lARGLST STORAGE CONCtKN IN YfkSURrt (AHAUA  CAMPBELL  COHlPANIfi  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE- SHIPPING  PHONE SEYMOUR 7360. OFFICE 857 BEATTY ST. CI I  Phone Sey. 1076-1077  Coal-Fire Wood  J. HANBURY & CO., LTP.  Qor, 4thAvenuo am* Qranvillo St*  Wellington Coal, Cordwood and Plainer Ends  The Comfort  Baby's  Morning Dip  ���������a r_*ooDNEss  VJ KNOWS,"  says the Comfort  Baby's Grandmother, "what  we'd do without  this Perfection  Smokeless Oil  Heater.  "If Td^only had one  when you were a  baby, you'd'have been saved many a cold and  croupy spell."  For warming cold corners and isolated upstairs rooms, and  for countless special occasions when extra heat is wanted,  you need the Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater.  Hi  PERK  SMOKELE  TION  HEATERS  The Perfection is light, portable, inexpensive  to buy and to use, easy to clean and to re-  wick. No kindling; no ashes. Smokeless  and odorless. At all hardware and'general  stores. Look for the Triangle trademark.  Made in Canada  ROYAUTE OIL is best for all uses  THE IMPERIAL OIL CO., Limited  ]J^  Wiawrtf,  Caliuy,   Rtsix,   Ho-trttL  Qmbee,   HaEfu,  '   Edawtea,  SaikaUoa, Vaacranr,   Tsmata, Ottawa. ,-,v-  t-        "    ���������i-  Friday. February 12, 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  3  For ������a������e and  For Rent  j    Cards  10c each 3 for 25c  WESTERN CALL OFFICE, 203 Hlngsway  A DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Before employing a Private Detective, if you don't  know your man, ask your  legal adviser.  JOHNSTON, the Secret  Service Intelligence Bureau. Suite 103-4  319 Pender St., W.  Vancouver, B. C.  Try Our Printing  Quality  Second  to None  A. E. Harron  J. A. Harron  I ::  G. M. Williamson   .;-  HARRON BROS,  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS  "'-���������'���������������������������   :     ���������   x -x ������������������.:.��������������������������� ������������������'- .-������������������x.-. S  VANCOUVER. NORTH VANCOUVER \  Office & Chapel���������1034 Granville St.      Office & Chapel���������122 Sixth St. W. \  Phone Seymour 3486 Phone 134 %  ************************************>**^  ; A������Sh$M$m3m$M$M$H$M$I^m34������$������4������������^M$M$M$44������m$M^4$M������m(������^4������4^������^4������������.^^  ARCHITECT I  910-11 Yorkshire BitlW  Seyrtour Street Vaiicouveis B. C. |  **4***+*+*4*4*4*4*****+***4*+*4*4*****+*4***4*4**-***4  ��������� < >  < ���������  4*  4*  < >  4*  ��������� >  ,4*  Has the B. C. Electric Done |  *aWw -_-_._. _-__���������-. 4 h  to Promote the Prosperity of  British Columbia?  VANCOUVER HAS SIX  MEMBERS-RICHMOND TWO  TWO   REPORTS   PRESENTED  TO     LEGISLATURE     BY  COMMISSION  ON  REDISTRIBUTION  ������>   During the last, three years it has distributed to its '��������� ���������  employees in the form of wages a total of  $13,200,000  ';[   At the present time it is distributing to its em- ������������������  ployees approximately $200,000 per month. *  J  These Pacts are of Interest to every Resident of f  Vancouver  .*4*4*********4*4***4********************************  m  \>l- TTTH ATTMP Economy and Efficiency,  Our business has trees t>mllt up t>v merit alone  t-:;:.,��������� :x^ipjajc^;^Vvv-:-^;:".  'fy Heatlns: Ensineers.      - _.  **  I   1095 Homer St  ****ity******  Sey. 66% X  ���������   ���������*  The  The Advance Agent of  COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE  Forms a closer union of < Home,  Business and Friends.  ii For a limited time, Business or  _.��������� Residence Telephones will be installed   upon   payment   of   $5.00  Rental in advance.  <I For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  B. C. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  Victoria. Feb. 8.���������The keenest interest was" evinced to-day  among members of the Legislature in the presentation -of  the redistribution commission reports, for there are two, Judge  Macdonald submitting a statement arid .'. schedule covering  points on which he does not  agree -with Judge Morrison. The  reports were presented to the  House by Hon. Dr. Young this  afternoon. What may be' called Judge Morrison's report, as  he alone signs it, carries with  it a schedule covering the entire list of constituencies in the  province. Judge Macdonald's  statement^ and schedule deals  onljr with' certain oonstitueneies,  leaving the assumption that on  points   not   covered   he   agrees  with  his  confrere-  .������������������������������������������������������    ������������������ ���������  ��������� ���������'  Porty-seyen members should  comprise the next House, according to Judge Morrison's schedule,  while Judge Macdonald makes  the count forty-five, and at the  same time deprecates the necessity of any increase. The present House has forty-two members. The constituencies affected as to increased representation  are Vancouver, one additional;  Richmond, two; Skeena, one, and  Okanagan, one.  Ymir electoral district' is wiped out by Judge Macdonald's  schedule, the territory being divided between Hossland, Nelson,  Slocan and Kaslo. In this regard he differs with'Judge Morrison. Judge Macdonald also  throws Grand Porks and Greenwood into one constituency,  making the difference of two  members between his total and  that   of Judge   Morrison'.  In Vancouver's Suburbs.  , The division of Cariboo into  two separate electoral districts  is recommended, and the same  principle applies to Skeena,  Okanagan and Richmond. Richmond is divided by giving North  Vancouver city and district and  West Vancouver, together with  the area north of these municipalities, a separate member.  Richmond, Point Orey, and that  part of South Vancouver west  of Fraser street, is formed into  a new constituency with the old  name, while the eastern portion  of. South Vancouver and Burnaby is given a member with  the suggested name of Burnaby  for the district. Cariboo arid  Okanagan are divided east and  west, the new ridings being north  and south respectively. Skeena  is divided by giving Omineca  "district"'a "i&ritb^X^ilFXlie  portion of the district at the  head of the Portland canal and  taking in the watershed of Naas  River, is added to Atlin. the  remainder of the district, it is  suggested, should be , called  Prince Rupert- ,  In Judge Morrison's schedule,  Chiliiwack, Columbia, Cowichany  Esquimalt, Islands, Saanich, Newcastle, Nanaimo, Lillooet,, Grand  Forks and Victoria City are unchanged as to boundaries and  representation. Other changes  are summarized as follows:  Alberni loses Lasqueti and Texada Islands to Comox, both constituencies being otherwise unchanged. '���������'���������������������������  Cariboo is Divided  Atlin adds the portion referred to above as taken from  Skeena.  Cariboo is divided on parallel  53 degrees, 30 Kmin. into north  and south districts, and in addition loses the area trobutary to  the . headwaters of Canoe and  Thompson rivers, which is added to Kamloops,  Cranbrook loses Fort Steels  district to the Fernie electoral  district.   ���������  Delta loses Annacis and Patrick Islands which are added  to  New Westminster  City.  Dewdney gains the portion of  Kent municipality, Agassiz, now  in Yale riding.  Greenwood gains the portion of  Greefrwood* mining division now  in Similkameen, which is the  Kettle   river   valley..  Kamlops, while adding the watershed at the headquarters of  Canoe and Thompson rivers^ loses the portion south| of the rail  way belt which gdes to Yale,  Okanagan. and Revelstoke.  Nelson, ,Slocan and Rossland  are all given a portion of Ymir,  and Kaslo gets that portion of.  Ymir ,east of Kootenay riyer  and a portion west of the river.-  Similkameen, which loses the  Kettle Valley to~~ Greenwood,  gains from Okanagan that portion cut off by a line east and  west at Trout Creek, just south  of Summerland, and which includes  the  town  of  Penticton.  Okanagan, which lpses the portion given to Similkameen, gains  Salmon Arm and Sicamous and  the riding is divided at the  Coldstream river into north and  south Okanagan-  Vancouver the Hub  In his report, Judge MacDon-  ald says there has been a large  increase in British Columbia's  population' since the last redistribution, but the fact that this  increase was not spread evenly, but was especially confined  to the coast, makes it difficult  to handle. ������, Over two-fifths of  the voting strength of the province is in Vancouver or within  twenty miles of the city. He  thinks, for several reasons' the  population should not be a governing factor in representation.  "J* ' 4_>  * J. Dixon, ' G. Murray  * House Phone: Bay. 886 House Phone: Bay. 1137L   $  I Office Phone:  * ' Seymour  8765-8766  HEBE IS PROFIT.  t  *  *  *  f  X  2  DIXON &. MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture rianufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  fainting, Paperhanging and Kalaomining  * i  * Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver  B.C.  4* ��������� ' ' *  4$..{^M$H3MS^^^4i>^.4^^X^<'>X*^X<4MH^MH,4H4V **********************  ,*******************************^  j Pease Pacific Foundry Limited jj  HEAT1NQ AND VENTILATING ENGINEERS  MANUFACTURERS  **  ��������� >  9) Steam H^ton rad VmtiUton for ftibllc Buildings  ���������   ���������-**- -    ��������� ��������� ution Furnacae  Rcffbtera  it &*,**.*��������� ������vi_... M Steam H������rter������������nd Ventilator* fori  CCOnOtTIV       Warn Air Furnaces-Combination  "Ideal"  Steam and Hot Water Boilm  Radiator*. Pip* and Fittinga  V  1116 Homer St.      Vancouver, b.c.      Tel. Sey. 3230 j;  The One Best Bet  is that we have the largest and most complete line of Cigars, Tobaccos and  Cigarettes this  Bide of  Hastings  Street, both   imported  and domestic.  ftPES   and  8MOKE&S'   SUPPLIES   (over  300   Brands)  FBEE MATCHES  THAT NEW STORE  WHERE THE CROWD GOES LEE BUILDING  i  Under   average   conditions   a  utility fowl, such as the Plymouth  Bock or the Wyandotte, will eat  in   one   year  about   25  lbs.   of  wheat, 25 lbs. of corn, 25 lbs. of  rolled oats and about 100 lbs. of  sour  milk.    During  the   winter  months the average hen consumes  about 25 lbs. of green food when  it vis   supplied   regularly;   also  about I1/.; lbs of grit and V/2 Ids.  of oyster shells are consumed annually.    At   average  prices  the  annual  ration  for  a   hen   costs  about $1.25 to $1.50.    The average hen' should lay at least 108  eggs in a year, and at the average price of 25c per dozen the  income would   be $2.25.     This  leaves a good profit under average' conditions.    If  the  number  of eggs is increased the profit  is; still greater and the greater  the number of. eggs produced in  the winter  time  the  larger are  the  profits,   since    the    winter  prices _are much higher than the  summer prices.    The more eggs  produced in winter the larger are  the profits.   _  In order to secure as much as  possible of the enormous war  contracts which are being let  throughout  the   country,  the  B.  0.:x ^Manufacturers' Association  has appointed Mr. H. M. Daly  as the representative at Ottawa-,  A representative is also shortly  te������_OB.gxj_^  Sovereign Radiators  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED  Vancouver, B. C.  4i������"fr^'������fr������fr������fr4Mfr^''fr'fr,fr'M*'t'4wfr4!'fr4^ *  also direct his attention to the  securing of contracts from both  the Bussian and French govern,-  ment.  A LITTLE PIT���������"What    do    you  know  about   Solomon?"   a   little  boy  was asked.     '  "He was very fond of animals."  "Very   fond   of   animals?     Humph!  And why do you say he .was very fond  of L animals?'.'  "Because," said the little boy, "the  Bible tells us he bad a thousand  porcupines."  W. Calder  F. Chapman  Office Telephone: Sey. JJJJl  Merchants Cartage Go.  EXPRESS, TRUCK ANP PRAY  Orders by Mail or Telephone Promptly Attended to.  146 Water Street  Phone Sey. 3073 VANCOUVJ5B, B. C.  *\\4444444*4444*>44444*4^**4*4*9**4*********************}  Feed and Sales Stables:  716 Cambie Street  +4*4*********4*******4*4*4+***4*4*****4*4*4*********<  LIMITED  ''  Gate Valves, ^clrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters, *  * fceacl pipe, Pig ������ea4, Pipe ami *  pipe Pittwgs.  4 -    Railway Track Tools andiWhiteTWastex-  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows. *  Phone: Sey. 8942.  U0X Pominion Suiidiag. < >  ^*******4*4*4*4***************************4*4*4*4*4+j[  ,i  <r'  "H  /'  Phone Fairmont U40  Ring us up for  PRINTING OR ADVERTISING  LI). II.  If the, Cash-on-Delivery System is in use in your country, then  you need only send 10/ for either 2 Eings you select and pay  balance when you receive the Eings.   Masters, Ltd., Rye, England.  MASTERS' LTD.  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOGUE  may be seen at  203 KINGSWAY  any day  between 8 a. m.  and 5 p. m.  Saturday till 12  noon.  Orders left with  V. Odium. &s&2ffiis������i������^^  'MftA-B&MOi.r.ifWtx.-'^  X.  XvXvxv-l  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, February 12, 19154  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.  /  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  q If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or "write complaint today.  THE CHURCHES  AND THE WAR  Either we must hold to the fact of divine  government or we must reject it. It seems to  me tha.t there can he no middle course in the  matter.  . Either the hand of the Lord is on the wheel  of the ship of state in the ,v kingdom of men, or  the world is blundering on at the mercy of blind  chance or inexorable law, beyond the power of  any intelligence to direct or control.  Professedly the churches believe the former,  and that the present time is in the hand of God.  Accepting this as so and that the will of God  . is potent to govern the affairs of men,, then what  is the duty of the church, which, after all, claims  tq represent the mind^of the Lord among men?  "With due submission we say that it is the  duty of the church to try and find why the  Lord is thus dealing with men and to translate  the message of the Lord to the people.  Further, it is apparently the duty of the  church to lead the people to self-examination  and to self-cleansing so that if,there be"any  wedge of gold or Babylonish garment in the  midst it may be put away."  Still further, it should.be the duty of the  church to hearten the people to the duty and  the sacrifice that is required of us in the conflict that is upon us as a nation..  And further ������till,.it would seem, to be the  duty of the church to lead the people in such a  wave of intercession as shall move the arm of the'  Lord to bring about that psychological condition  among the nations which will bring, about the  establishment of right relations and which will  form the basis of an enduring peace.  We say that the ministry, thai fails in this  regard will fail utterly to, justify itself, and the  church which r fails in this regard will also utterly fail. -  The day is gone when the Christian men who  are proving, their sincerity by/giving their lives  or.their sons in the army and are taking joyfully the spoiling of their goods and the ruination of their business hopes as the unavoidable  S'rice to be paid in a conflict for the right, will  . e satisfied with a rehashed philosophy which  was made in Germany. Neither will they be  longer satisfied with textual criticism even of  the sacred text. They will demand, they are now  - demanding,- the - message - contained in the - text,-  in its simplicity and in its saving power.  The greatest spiritual calls which' have been  made in this generation are those which have  reached the army through Field Marshall Kitchener and the Navy through the Admiralty-  Witness the message to the soldiers carried in  the soldier's khapsack and the simple prayer  carried in the cap -of the sailor.  What does this mean but that the offiee of  . the minister is passing to the layman and will  pass unless there be an awakening among the  members of the ordained clergy.  England has gone to prayer as Canada- has_  failed to do, and it is time that we returned to  the altar, too.*  A manly Christianity should be the pride of  our nktion, not its shame, and all that is wanted  - at this time is right leadership.  There is no need to attempt to define the  person of the anti-Christ. Neither is there need  to try or reason in trying to construct from the  prophets a complete detailed history of. events  before the events have transpired. But there is  both need to show and reason in showing that  the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men and  that the principles of this rule are clearly laid  " down.   ���������' "  The chronologj'- of Daniel may be and is involved.'    It was not  the  primary. purpose   qf  ****************~'^  I     BE PREPARED!     %  t  Every Canadian should protect himself and %  family by carrying a policy in      ^ ������?  MUTUAL LIFE OF CANADA f  Established 1869 *  "CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL" %  *  ���������>  X  '     For  rates  and  full information see our j_  agents, or %  W. J. TWISS %  '-���������������������������' ���������     .  District Manager *  317-319  ROGERS  BUILDING t  i ���������*  Daniel to pre-write a history or empires in his  day unborn. But it. was his mission to so outline  in the rough the sweep of empire that his  primary message should be established: And this  4 purpose was certainly fulfilled. That message  was what he declared to both Nebuchadnezzar  and his successor, namely, that the King may  know that the Most High njleth in the kingdom  of men and giveth it to whomsoever He will.  Similarly in the Revelation it was npt the intention to give a student's history of. the succeeding age of the world, but: it was the purpose  to so outline the great sweep of history that  there should be evidence that the prophetic utterances came from the mind of one who knew  the future and controlled it and that that mind  was in the lion of the tribe of Judah. Thus there  is furnished demonstration that He is not the  God of the Jews only but of the Gentiles also-  The ministry whjch is silent on these great  prophetic themes is sadly wanting in leadership  of the minds of the people at this time.- '.. ' %  * Individual purity is most important. Civic  , righteousness is also, but none the less vital is  the old time message, the. Lord reigneth.  Let the revival be on these lines and the men  of our communities will respond. V  DANGER1HEAD  It has been apparent to the close follower of  the psychology of the warring nations that there  is the greatest danger that if or when Germany  realizes that there is no chance for to win even a  drawn war, but that she must go down to unconditional surrender, that she will deliberately attack the shipping and the frontiers ?of neutral  "powers in order that all may be involved in.the  common confusion.  Several reasons appear to present themselves -  as motives for such action on her part-  First, her pride would suffer less in falling  before a world in arms than in going down before the powers she has provoked and taught her"  people to believe they could infallibly win the  victory over.  Secondly, her chance of holding the confidence of the German people themselves would  be infinitely greater if the people saw that the  odds * were really impossible for the united  strength of the German machine.  Thirdly, she would thus check the prosperity  of the United States and of Italy and prevent  them getting hopelessly , ahead of her in the  matter "of -the reconstruction of her commerce  and industry after the war.  Fourth, she would hope that discord would,  arise among the powers over the division of the  spoil. At all events she would hope to handicap Britain in the settlement as it would be  manifestly harder to reach a settlement with .  many claimants than it would be with only the  allies who have kept step from the beginning.  Fifth, the hatred which appears to have  taken possession of the Germans against every  power which has not declared on her side.     >.  If this be true as a forecast, we may see the  sinking of neutral ships by German submarines  within the next few weeks, and possibly the violation of. the territories of Holland, Switzerland,  Italy, Roumania, and .so on. Probably, however there will be an attempt at peace with  terms" demanded by Germany first.       ,   **  She may submit to the independence of Hungary to the cession of Alsace-Lorraine to France,  the indemnifications of Belgium. Even the restoring of Heligoland to Britain, the cession of  Triest and-Trent, to Italy, the cession of Transylvania to Roumania, the cession of occupied  Galicia to Poland, and demand for herself ?as  .compensation the remaining portion of Austria  with a port ,on the Mediterranean, and on those  conditions she may offer to make peace.  The day after the declaration of the war the  writer outlined this as the probable secondary  goal of. Germany    -    ���������   - ���������  _-_<__.  But this would leave the question open and  bound to arise in the future in a still more  acute form.  It is, therefore, exceedingly doubtful if Germany has any chance of attaining this secondary  goal-  Failing this, she will probably sell her life  as dearly as possible and by seeking to widen  the conflict from which action she can suffer nothing more and may gain much out of the resulting confusion.   .  To show the drift of thought and we fear  action in this direction, we publish herewith a  quotation from a leading German paper, and one  from a leading American one:  German Paper Holds U. S. Foe; Scores Bryan  ���������Neutrality Letter Leads Cologne Gazette to  Declare America Is Hostile.  "The   semi-official   Cologne  Gazette  in   the  most recent issue received here devoted practically its whole front page to a violent indictment  of Secretary Bryan and the United States government  for  Mr.  Bryan's  neutrality  letter  to  Senator Stone.    r  "The Gazette expressed its entire agreement  with the New York Staats-Zeitung in declaring  that Bryan's letter might have been composed at  the British embassy in Washington and declared  that "while the Germanic powers can overcome  attempts to starve them out by virtue of their  thriftiness, the richness of their natural-resources  and their industrial strength, they must expect  that the rest of the world will take no part in  the devilish plans of their adversaries."  Sees America An Enemy  The Gazette continues:  "If the coalition "of the-world'powers-against  us is enabled to supplement unhindered its.  means of war by the mighty neutral and indusr  trial resources of a,_fif.thVgreat power, the gigantic supplies of the second largest industrial region of the world, we shall have to reckon not  with four but with five great enemies���������all great  powi-rs.  "Ii" one of them tries a hundred times to  fashion out of the. letter of international law a  miserable mantle of neutrality, history will one  day sit in judgment on the role which America  is playing in this war, and its verdict will be  J   that it has betrayed its far famed ideals of hu-  Building Occupied by the Vancouver Knitting Company���������One That is Working Fuji'  Timer Pilling Large Contracts  manity  and* its  peaceful  aims  for  the  thirty  pieces of silver of its shipments of arms."  "Brute Strength Point of View"  The Gazette declares the brute strength point  of view is voiced by an American tongue, and  concludes:  "England has,the supremacy of the seas and  consequently neither righ tnor justice nor international agreements nor any other _i leals of the  law of nations shall prevent it, and the man  who says this is the same who once prided him-,  self .on his role as peace apostle.  ��������� "We are-certain that the German Americans  and those whothink like them will give him the  proper answer to his epistle- But its contents  concern us, too, for Bryan speaks in the name of  the American government.  "We do not over-estimate his remarks, but  we do ��������� not underestimate them either. * Now we  know what we have to expect under his conduct  of American affairs, just as England appears to  know that under Mr. Bryan a tone is permissible  that once would never have been tolerated in  Washington.  ".All that remains of. American neutrality is  a thin cloak behind'which lurks zealous servility toward England.* Now we know and shall  ��������� act accordingly. If for America only respect for  brute strength exists, then we, too, will bring  brute strength into play."  THIS JS_A NATfON  (Chicago Tribune.)  "Our country!    In her intercourse with  foreign nations may she always be in the  right; but our country, right or wrong."  ���������Stephen Decatur.  - In the last month the course of the war has  been so modified that the United States must regard its own immunity as less assured although  not less to be desired. The undertow bf circum-'  stance can be felt-   It is dangerous.  , Consider that half the world already is involved in this violent departure from normal and  that signs of desperation are making themselves;'  manifest after six months of    great    struggle  which has come only to stalemate.  Consider also the position of a great neutral  nation trying to"keepits"equilibrrum%henall-ther'  foundations of trade are unsteady; looked to for  supplies by the belligerent nations; anxious'to  preserve peace with honor;, anxious to comport  itself in fairness to all nations; anxious to be the  instrament for the restoration of peace when possible; -'������������������.��������� '������������������''..���������-'��������� ���������,;.. ���������;,���������--.  Half the world is desperate and the other half  is perplexed.                             * y  The United States is in the hands of its government, and the power of decision and .disposal  which rests with the government is, in fact, as  absolute in these matters of foreign relations as  it might be if this were an autocracy instead of  a democracy. v  We. know that the government of the United  States has no other desire than to treat American  honor sensibly and our foreign obligations  honorably. We know that President Wilson is as  sensitive on these questions as the highest minded  American could wish him to be. Government  policies will be formulated with only one intent,  and that to be considerate of our honorable interests and of the necessities of other nations.  We may trust our government, composed as  it is, to go to theV extreme of practical humani-  tarianism in its decisions upon all vexed questions. It will be even indulgent and tolerant.  It .will >not take offense hastily. It will not  bristle at the first opportunity. It will remain  cool headed and considerate.  In the emergency which a collected and con-  posed prophet may see among the near possibilities the obligation of: American citizenship is  to support the government- "The Tribune" has  criticized President Wilson, Secretary Bryan and  the important personages of the government  upon innumerable occasions; but her division of  opinion almost comes to an end. VX_  There are high occasions when a nation must  solidify itself behind it's government. Decatur,  whose woi*ds head this editorial, put that thought  in a phrase which has lived. In America this  devotion has not meant and it cannot conceivably  mean in our times, or> in times which we might  foresee, a devotion to low and sordid practices.  Our foreign policy might be mistaken, but we  may trust it to be sincere. The people of the  United States will not be betrayed by the designs of their government. But, with error or  without error, a nation as a unit is needed.  Matters are approaching the possibility of  extreme delicacy, in Europe. Germany has  served notice that a zone of war surrounds the  British islands and envelops the coast of France  and that neutrals must be guided by an understanding of this: :    ,   ,  The Gerhians say that neutral shipping will  be in danger because it is understood by them  that British ships will endeavor to conceal their  identity under neutral flags. They also give  warning that it may not be possible in every-  case to treat the people: aboard merchant vessels  with the humanity to be desired. In other words,  a merchant vessel may be sunk by a submarine  and its crew lost. And,, furthermore, that merchant vessel may be a neutral, and, still further,  it may be an American-  We consider the fact' that the Germans, intending to continue their submarine raids upon  British shipping as occasion offers, have sought  to get the most good from the moral effect and  to carry the intimidation through to its greatest  effeet. We have no way of knowing what Ger:  man intent is or what they will do in furtherance  of that intent. We merely know that the time  . has come when this must be a solidified, united  nation with one thought, and that the thought  of Decatur.        ,       X       ' '  In questions which may arise our government  stands for us and we stand for the government.  This is a nation, not a difference of opinion.  THE RAILWAYS  It seems strange that a Conservative government should find itself, having in hand measures  of administration approaching to the government  ownership of railways. Yet such is the case-  All are, or should be, familiar with Mr.  White's measure regarding the ownership of the  shares of the Canadian Northern Railway. The  fair historian, we believe, will write of this as  one of the greatest measures of Canadian finance  , yet accomplished. ' The cancellation of millions  of dollars worth of shares. The assuming ,the  ownership of millions more of these shares." The  hypothecation of still other millions of these  shares to p$Css tp the Government in case it,  should be called upon to pay guaranteed interest  on bondsy and the fact that in the event the controlling interest in the system will pass to the  Government,,is very significant.       ,   .X- (  -V���������^Welly- perhaps- government ^ownership-f^will-i  "-���������'succeed.'; We  do not know.    None can know  without actual experience.    !   V  Other lands have experimented, perhaps we  should say are experimenting, but the tests are  yet not sufficient to bring assurance. Perhaps  we iare destined to " try it out'' ourselves; It  looks that way. (  Personally, we believe that a group of strong  companies^ sufficient  to  stimulate  competition,  butV not ruinous  duplication of costly systems, ���������  and under effective government control, is best- \:/  THE PANAMA CANAL OBSTRUCTION  It is misleading to say that the shallowing of  the Panama xCanal is due to a '-landslide."  That word properly applies to, a break from a  high bank on account of a fissure extending  downward from the surface. . The mud that obstructs the Panama Canal leaves the bank undisturbed at the surface because it oozes into the  channel from below, as the result of the pressure'of the superincumbent mass of earth. This  is not an uncommon occurrence in excavations  of all sorts, especially where, as in canal con- /j  struction, the steam shovels pile the excavated  earth on the summits of the banks, thus in- ,\  creasing the destructive pressure.  In the construction of. the present "new Welland  Canal "a  similar  difficulty  occurred  in   J  spots, especially where the "deep eut" was necessary to reach the Lake Erie level, and thus  make the canal self-feeding from that great reservoir.-   It  is   notorious  that  Lake  Erie   is  the  shallowest of the great St. Lawrence lakes, and  fj  that  its  depth  is, slowly  decreasing.   One  explanation of this phenomenon sometimes  given   /J  is that owing to the nature of the deep strata  of the drift formation under the high banks of  /g  the American shore the process that is  giving  trouble in the Panama Canal is working more  . protracted mischief by impairing the navigability of Lake Erie. x  It will-be hard, if possible, to stop the inflow  of, mud into the canal, but it may be found possible to lessen the weight of the banks by removing the earth from them to fill up marshes, and  thusoimprove the whole locality. To carry out  some such enterprise w������uld. be like Mr. Goe-  thals and the United States Government. Friday, February 12, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  I,  RECORD BREAKING "SUNDAY" MEETINGS  STILL CONTINUE  (Continued form 'page one)  "It is not the ignorant man who menaces  society so ^uch as the' educated man, and I  don't give a rap who he may be���������he may be your  own husband. Without the ' inner wall of  Christianity to hold.his rudder true inHime of  temptation, the devil wTill soon claim him for his  own- ��������� s  "With Christianity there is no reason why a  .'For Rent' sign should not hang on every  brewery and house of/ ill fame, but America will  go to hell like Greece and Rome and Babylon, if  the inner wall of Christianity is destroyed and  you can sing 'My Country 'Tis of Thee' until  you are black in^the face, yet you jwill not be  able to save your country or yourselves from  perdition and suffering."  Billy Sunday, after speaking to the club  women for about three-quarters of an hour,  rested for an hour and then motored to the  Adelphia Hotel, where he met at lunch ahd addressed 500 members of the Jovian Club. He  argued that the principles of Christianity should  be applied to business and then explained epi-  gramatically his purposes and his methods in the  huge revivals he has conducted.  "Seventeen years ago," he said, "I got the  old gospel shotgun out of the cellar and I filled  ) it with strong, hard words, crude words, some  i! people say. There was no pump action nor any  nickel-plating on the old weapon; it was not  decorated with degrees' and ologies, but, boys,  every time I fired her off you could hear all hell  1   a-howling. ' ,  "You can't fight a skunk with cologne  water."  Sunday   was   introduced     by     Alexander  Devereux, president of the league, after he had  (been brought from his residence to the Adelphia  in the electric of Dr. Thomas Edwin Eldridge.  Billy started bis ��������� talk with a short story  which brought a genuine laugh from every man  in the room. He referred in humorous vein to  the way in which he is being pressed with invitations to speak, then plunged into a more serious  discourse.  "Boys," he said, "take it from me, the most,  practical, the most useful, the most indispensable '  thing in the whole world is the religion of Christ-  The greatest discovery of all time, the most potential statement, of the ages, was'made when  John the Baptist said, 2,000 years ago, in that  little Roman province:  y       " 'Behold the.VLamb of. God, that taketh away  the sins of the world.'  "Twenty centuries have passed since, then.  } We -have electric lights instead of tallows; we  i have limited expresses instead of ox-carts; but  we've never had nor ever will have anything  greater than what the Lamb of God brought us.  } It has lived on, immutable, through the ages.  Sin Not a Cream Puff.  "You at luncheon here today are all business  men with a keen understanding of proportions  Ifi and values.   Then why don't you realize what  ' sin is?    Sin is being treated'too much like a  ' cream-puff instead of like a rattlesnake, as it  should be.  "Boys, I've been criticized for ray methods  of fighting sin. I think a minister is God's artilleryman, and it's his job to fire at sin whenever lie sees it, and that's what I'm going to do  until the man with a spade gets me.  "Why, people have been knocking my sermons because they are so merciless^ Some groups  of religious people get the ague, and the high  , fever   and   the  religious  hook-worm  whenever  * they think of. me.  -   "If you listen to' them they '11 tell you that  I've  been" jawing religion for seventeen years  when I ought to be in jail or something of that  , sort.   They say that I actually laugh sometimes,  J and that I've been known to smile while in the  \pulpit.   I've been told that I'm making people  ' angry,  and  that  the saloonkeepers,    and    the  " madams in the- red lights complain because I  hurt their business-  "Say, if you'd'listen to all"those people you'd  think I was a shoulder-gajled, ham-strung, pink-  ��������� eyed  old fake with the  heaves and  a broken  wind.. k<.  XThey quote those words made famous by  Shakespeare, 'Nix on Bill.' X;  V   M Wp 11, my whole philosophy, my whole religion, my whole aim is spelled with four Jetters  H-E.L-P.    . . ;,.. x-       XX'" ������������������  "You know as well as I know that there's a  putrid, festering underground life in' all the  cities of this country. Some people who admit  this say there are only two ways out of this life,  the Potter's Field and the penitentiary. Well',  I'm here to show a different way, the way of  God.  "When you stagger up to the judgment seat  on that final day God will want to know what  you - did in your life to make this % old * world  better. It's not what you have in this world, it's  [������ what you've done that's going to count with  God. It's not what you've got, but what you've  given to others.  "The fellow who has no money is poor,1 but  the fellow who has nothing but money is poorer  still.   No money, no property, nothing can com-  [������������������ pare in value with the right kind of a life.  "So, boys, this is my message to you:  "In the game of life: play fair, trot square  [( and plunge heavy on God.; Go the iimit on Him.  The fellow who does that will rake in joy and  happiness at the end of the game-���������and the fellow who rakes in joy and happiness wins-"  Here, then, we have a man, vouched for by_  the great Assembly of the Presbyterian Church  u in the United States of America, as a man of  God. Earnest, honest and successful beyond all  |, others in these. days in reaching the masses,  shaking spiritually, as never before in her history, the city of brotherly love, one of the largest  population centres in the world, welcomed by all  I classes of society, honored by high and low, rich  |! and poor, educated and ignorant. Thousands  I upon thousands of men, women and children,  Vi from all classes, are turning from sin and folly  ������ to the better life, and yet when this man was on  L the Coast some years ago, the prominent religious  leaders of Vancouver went out of their way to  refuse this man a hearing in our city.   Why?  :  ,   GREAT PIBL1C WORKS OF CANADA  '���������    "   (Continued from Page 2)  , Of eyen more importance will be the increased  capacity. Compare the Soo Canal and its 800-  foot lock with the present Weiland jPanal. During the summer of 1912 there passed through tl\e  former'7,856, ships, of a tonnage of 25,832,244  (not including the enormous tonnage through  the American canal). Through the latter the  same season only 2,905 ships passed, their .tonnage being 2,679,500. While it is not tp be expected that all the tonnage passing through the  Soo Canal will pass through the Welland Canal,  yet a very much larger proportion will be carried when the capacity of the Welland is enlarged to accommodate the big boats now using  the Soo canals. It stands to reason that it will  be more adyantageous to send a ship right  through to Montreal than to have it unload at  some port on the-Georgian Bay and thence  tranship its cargo by rail. This is a result that  may be anticipated when the 800-foot locks of  the Welland are" in operation, and it will work  conversely, for ocean liners will then be able Jo  proceed through to the head of the Great Lakes  without, breaking bulk.  soon as this work is completed lines of steamships from Liverpool  to Fort William.  The traffic of the upper lakes is now enormous. There is no finer sight in the world of  shipping than the processions of ships ; approaching and departing from the Sault Canal.  There is no more ��������� wonderful spectacle than  the procession forty miles long ascending andv  It is a big task, but a,necessary one, and  coilimercially it will be of more importance than  the Panama Canal, since the commerce of the  Great Lakes is in excess of the probable commerce from Atlantic to Pacific. Let us, then,  watch the progress of, the work with attention,  realizing that it is an undertaking of which all  Canadians may well be proud.  The work here described is amazing in its  importance, and in the quietness with which it  is  being  performed-  The significance of it is seen when it becomes clear that there will be established as  descending the St. Mary's river iri the summer season. Craft of. almost all kinds from the  tiny launch and the sailing schooner to Xhe  latest sidewhee'ler afloat and to freighters of  such respectable tonnage and length that only  a few of the largest of the ocean freighters  surpass   them.  But these larger craft have been confined  to the upper lakes because of the limitations  of the Welland Canal. Now they are to be  released from the' bounds of the inland seas  and allowed to ply to the oceans.  THE   STRATEGIC   POSITION   OF  VANCOUVER  and  continue   inland  to   Quebec   to   Montreal,  to  Toronto  and  so  on ,to  Fort  William.-  But on the west coast when a vessel enters  1 Vancouver. .Harbor it is a case of tranship,  for it can go inland no farther- This , must  give this port a great advantage over any  eastern port. What would happen to any  one port in -the east if. it could capture all  the Canadian trans-ocean traffic. Just that  must happen to. the port of Vancouver.  ' Take the Eastern American coast. New  York has, of course, captured more of the  overseas traffic of the east coast of the United  States than any other city. But New York has  many vigorous rivals along the seaboard. Boston, Philadelphia, and so right down to the  southern  border  of the  States.^  But Vancouver is protected on the south  by the International boundary and to the  | north for a considerable distance by the blanketing Island of Vancouver/ Prince Rupert is  siac hundred miles north, and is likely to be  at least for a long time the oply competitor  fo ^transcontinental trade. Again, what would  New York not have been if it could have con--  trolled so long a stretch of seaboard as belongs  to Vancouver. And what must be the future  of. this  port' situated  as  it  is.��������� -      - -  -     -  We are having hard times as are all perhaps- In the sweeping disaster which has  come to all, it is, perhaps, the thought of even  some, of ourselves that there has* been . much  undue optimism as toXVancouver. Perhaps  there has as to the shortness of the time which  would������������������ see .the realization of. the developments  here. But the developments are coming, and  that: right speedily as soon as matters have  settled   is   sure.  There was much unsound business done here.  None will attempt to deny that. Many untrained men sprang into places of trust and responsibility and showed that they were unable to  distinguish between sound and unsound business.  This- has been unfortunate all around, and especially for Vancouver, for there has been abundant legitimate business to have employed all.  But while disaster has come to*these, and come  it was bound to, sooner or later, for untrained  men cannot safely carry through otherwise safe  business, nevertheless, the basis on which Van-,  couver is building is a safe one and nothing but V  the change of boundaries of the Dominion or the  removing of the boundary regulations can prevent the otherwise assured future of this port  and  city.   X ���������  Perhaps no Canadian city has been less boomed than this after all.  furnish cargoes. Such a flood of emigration as,  this age has never seen will move westward, and  in fact outward' in Wery direction. Labor will,  multiply on our' coast and employment also.  : All these things'were known before, but they j  have been overshadowed and the "worst is-they  Have been postponed. / ,  Never mind,' they are stilly ahead, and they  will furnish all who need with a new start I  and taught by the mistakes of the past, we shall  build, stronger when the chance comes our way  again and the work will be worth doing and for  those who survive the lessons wi.1 repay us for  our- losses- ,  Incidentally this brings to mind the position  of the city of. Vancouver as compared to the  ports  of V the  Eastern   coast  line.  There is no one city in the east which  can capture all the traffic or even the major  portion of the total traffic of the overseas  commerce.  In Canada all- the cities from Halifax to  Fort William . come into active competition.  Ships   pass   the   doors   of  the   seaboard. cities  VANCOUVER" HUB OF TRANSPORTATION  In any other set of circumstances events have  transpired which would have brought out extra  editions of our dailies, and would have turned  the eyes of the world to us as a* terminal city.  But the war has overshadowed everything else,  both great and small. The opening of the Panama Canal is a matter which will show itself to  be of vital importance to us as soon as normal  times return.  Shipping lines which have not/yet taken advantage of the new waterway will establish lines  to Vancouver as soon as times return to sanity  again. Ships which now by the hundreds are  being used by the admiralty will be set-free to  resume traffic. Materisfts to repair the waste of  the war-will be in enormous demand, and will  Other great things have happened or are in  the' course of happening. The steel has been  connected on the Canadian Northern Railway  from ocean to ocean and the grading has been  finished or nearly so on the Pacific Great Eastern ,which will connect us up with the Grand  Trunk system.  . Only those who understand how much trade  and industry depend on alternative systems of  railroads can estimate what it means for a city  placed as ours is to spring from a city with but  a single-Canadian line to a city-with-three-great  systems competing for trade and jointly trying  to create it.    >  Still, further," is the double tracking of the  Canadian Pacific���������which actually quadruples the  efficiency of the roads, and beside that the com  pleting of the Crow's Nest lines of the G. P. R.  and of.V the Great Northern.  These lines must find traffic or they must  fail." If to find it they have to create it, then  the creation of the traffic will be done, there is  no doubt of that. ,    ;.     ,  No large industry wotild dare to establish itself in an isolated city such as this has been  when it would have been at the mercy of one  system Avith but a single line -of railway running into'the city from Canadian points,  .  Any large industry might find it perfectly  safe to commence with the service of three great  transcontinental systems competing for. their  traffic arid eager to help themselves by inducing related industries to -start.  THE POVERTY STRICKEN OVERWORKED  FARMER.  Look on this picture i painted by'the depart  ment of agriculture as a result of investigation  into farm incomes:  "The average farmer receives little more  money for his year's work than he would be paid  if he hired himself out as a farm hand. In other  words, though he is in business for himself., he  gets little or no money reward for his labors and  the risk and responsibility he has assumed."  Now look on tins ^picture drawn by an exhibitor at the .automobile show:  "There are approximately 1,500,000 cars in  use in the country, representing a cost of about  $1,500,000,000. The average value of a new automobile is $980. OneThalf of all the automobiles  in this country are owned by farmers."  So much for the agricultural department's  average farmer in the abstract. The real farmer  is "something else again," and the motor car  salesman knows his own. For the purpose of income taxation the farmer is hard up, but the  dealers in devil wagons are the best detectives  of solvency that the world has ever seen. 6  THE .WESTERN' CALL  Friday, February 12, 1915.  *********<^~tt*****tt.*tt  SCViV    4^..^.'.     -'   Jh Jix.'C.  w   -tJ. >. ������ ������ >..4fcWSi..iW38>������*'  ���������:  Mount Pleasant Livery I  1 TRANSFER *  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 345  !!   Corner Broadway and Main A. *F. McTavish, Prop.  ���������������������������MIHOMM.I I + .H1MH   ��������� tt***11 l"l������HH������I**f*******  ************************** **************************  * t *  Baxter & Wright j  COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS %  Cash or  Easy  Payments  $40000  Stock to  Choose  From  Gome in and talk it over when looking, for furniture.  BAXTER & WRIQHT    |  Phone Seymour 771 416 Main Street f  *  ************************** ���������������������������������������������:������<������x������<������������:������4:������<.4^^H^M^H~:r:~x~x������  Commercial Printing atM Western Call" Office  STAftt THE NEW  YEAR WGHT .  ���������  t  by presenting your good  wife with an up-to-date  motor washing machine and  ball-bearing wringer; one of  ours'will please her.  We have a complete stock  of Clothes Dryers, Washboards, Wash Boilers, Tubs  and Clothes Pins.  We deliver promptly.  I  W,R. Owen J Morrison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  A CHINESE COURTSHIP.  The Pioneer Meat Market  Comer Broadway and Kingsway  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled tor Quality or Prices in Vancouver  ��������� ���������  This is the Oldest Established  Market in Vancouver, an example  of "The Survival of the Fittest"  Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor V FRANK TRIMBLE  Phone ������������������ Fairmont 257  (A True Story)  In a neat little hut' by the River Wing Pu,  At the foot of the mountains they call the "Lung Woo,"  Lived a  maid and'her mother all alone with the pigs,  And the dear little rice birds that hopped on the twigs.  The mother was forty���������plenty dollars���������and fat,  The maid she was plenty,- or something like that;  The father, a "Boxer," had long since been dead;  Twas rumored the Manchus required his head.  The name of the maiden was Pin Kee Pun Pun,  With pigs' fat her hair was exquisitely done.  Her mother with envy cried, "What shall I do?  She is much better looking than poor me, Pun Poo."  One day dowli the river came Wing Kee Sun Sun,  A bloodthirsty bandit, from a town called Kum. Kuni.  Ho just called to see them, in the old fashioned way,  And he told such big lies that they asked him to stay.  Says he, ."I'm an orphan, my father has been  A number one Totai, a great M'andarin,  But the great revolution has spoilt us all,  And I'm praying for,wealth which from heaven will fall."  He tickled the mother right under the chin;  He made her "chop-suey" put strong shamshin in,  Until the old lady, to herself, did exclaim,  "The gods have been good, I've a lover againX  But he strolled in the evening with Pin Kee Pun Pun,  And she kissed and cuddled heT- Wing Kee Sun Sun.  She told him her mother had money to spare,  Which they made up their minds together to share.  "Your mother believes I' love her," said Sun,  "But somehow to us, dear, this money must come."'  They thought for a while, then said Pin Kee, with glee,  "O, Wing Kee, my darling, just leave that to me."  At night when Iter mother was ^safely in bed,  She drew on a cow,skin, with the horns on her head,  Whilst hard on a tom-tom did Wing Kee Sun beat,  Until up lifte a shot mother sprang to her feet.  *  ' She flew to the door in a terrible fright,  Fell over the pigs in the darkness of night.  The  devil still followed, accusing of sin,  So she flew to the river and threw herself in.  \  ' 1 ��������� 4  "My dear," the next morning said Wing Kee Sun Sun,  "What a glorious achievement this what you have done;  A Dowager Empress you ought to have been;  Your brains are the brains of' a Bight Boyal Queen.''  Now Wing Kee Sun Sun is a bandit no more;  If he grumbles or growls he is knocked to the floor;,  And the King Kee's "and Pin Kee's that crowd round"  their knees  Keep quiet when Pin Kee ever gets in a "breeze."  '    .    X W. A. ELLIS.  i i  CQBRESPONPENCE  Editor Western Call: ,  What does the "jitney" bus  service now given in Vancouver  offer to the general public?  What will be the effect of encouraging the "jitney" bus business in the city? These are two  questions which I have been  thinking about and concerning  which, I would ask space for the  expression of my views.  ~.AT proper" city"transportation  system is one which connects  every part of the city with every  other part, a single fare covering  the cost of any trip within the  city limits- Does the "jitney"  bus service as now operated in  Vancouver meet these demands?  It most certainly does not. The  busses operate over very limited  routes and only in the parts of  the city where settlement is congested. The "jitney" drivers  operate nowhere except on tramline streets, where service 1s already given. Absolutely no attention is paid to definite routes,  terminals or schedules. How  under the sun is it possible to  think of a transportation system  operating along such lines .meeting the demands of such a city  as Vancouver?  On the other hand we had, before the "jitney" bus came tof  the city, a tram system which was'  laid out and constructed with the  one idea of developing the city  as a whole. Every outlying section in which settlement had ad->  vanced to a reasonable degree  was connected with the centre of  the city and by a system of transfers arrangements made for a  continuous passage for one fare  from one end of the city to the  other. Over this system was  given a regular and constant service according to the traffic demands of each line- The 'routes,  service, schedule, etc., were arranged with the approval'of the  civic authorities, the committee on  tram transportation having taken  an active hand in such matters  for the past several years. I  would ask your readers to compare the "jitney" bus system as  a solution of. the transportation  problems of Vancouver with that  which is afforded by the B. C.  Electric in the-system and service it gives. I do not believe  that any thinking man who compares the possibilities of the case  would, after making such a comparison, encourage the "jitney"  bus business by word or action.  The results of the growth of  the "jitney" bus business are  bound to bev bad for Vancouver.  . The B .C. Electric can only  make extensions to. its lines, improve its service, etc, as it is  given public support. I believe  thatthe company is already crippled seriously because of the advent of the "jitney." bus, and the  support given by residents who  apparently think they are getting "square" with the tram  company.  We all have our points of difference with the B- C. Electric,  but take it all in all, the company has done much for Vancouver. The city would never have  developed to .the extent it has'  had it not been for the enterprise  of its management. So, I say  it is up to the general public just  now to encourage a company  which is seeking to develop the  city rather than a business which  has, merely in mind to gather  the nickels and which is here  to-day any may be gone tomorrow.  BROADWAY E. RESIDENT.  Feb.  9th,  1915.  ������������V ~**r.  TIUBEB  BEGUX.ATX02T8  'Governing: Timber on Dominion lands  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the  North West Territories, the Railway  Belt in the Province of British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres Located by the Dominion  in the Peace River District In British  Columbia.  Iilceni**  A license to cut timber on a tract not  exceeding: twenty-five square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of $6.00 per square  mile, per annum, fs charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Yale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of  5 -cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section 20 of the  regulations.  Timber Farxntts *\nd Dan  Permits may be granted in the1 Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile in extent, on payment of dues at  the rate of 50 cents per thousand feet,  B.M., and subject to payment of rental  at the rate of $100 per Bquare mile, per  annum.  Timber for HomMtMdara  Amy occupant of a homestead quartet  section having no timber of his own  suitable for the purpose may, provided  he has not previously been granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut the quantity of building and  fencing timber set out in Section 51 of  the Regulations.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy of the Minister of the Interior.  BYXOP8IB  Or  COA������   KHrXVO  BECTO&ATX0X8        r  Coal mining rights of the Dominion,  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and' in a portin of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term of twenty-one years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2569 acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made  by the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district in which  the rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5, which' will be refunded if the rights applied for are not  available, but not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of 5 cents  per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon.    If the coal mining rights  are   not   being   operated,   such   returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining  rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the  rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands.  "W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized "publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  IK   TRE   MATTES   OF   THE   COMPANIES'  ACT  AND AMENDING  ACTS.  TAKE NOTICE that The MacDonald-  Godson Company, Limited, intends to  apply at the expiration of one month  from the date of the first publication  of this notice to the Registrar of Joint  Stock Companies that its name' be  changed to "MacDonald Bros.", ^Engi-  neering Works, Limited."  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 26th  day of November A. D. 1914.  B. P. Stookton,  Secretary  413 Granville Street,  Vancouver,  B.  C.  S. B. Redburn  & CO.  We are offering this week  exceptional values in  Ingrain Papers  Now is the time to secure  your paper for your front  room, dining room or hall  and to have them done for  the least possible outlay.  Before placing your order  for Fall decorations, kindly  call or phone  SI Redburn J Co.  2317 Main Street  Phone Pair. 998  y*************************4*****4***4*4t*****,4*****4  :: BREAD of FINE FLAVOR:;  1 ABSOLUTELY WHOLESOME jj  ������ Sfcelly's 4X Bread.is not mere bread. It is a  delicacy as well as a Necessity. The best and  purest materials and the most modern equipment  make it so. Eat plenty- of 4 X Bread, and chew  it well to get the flavor and nourishment wehave  put in it for you.  | Shelly** 4 X Bread |!  At all Grocers, or Phone Fairmont 44.  t  *************************+4+4*4*4***4***************  :���������).  South Vancouver Undertakers  Hamilton  Bros.  We are foremost in our line  for Moderate Priced Funerals  Strawberries���������50 varieties.    -  Easpberries���������13 varieties.  Seed Potatoes���������10 varieties.  Descriptive Catalogue FEEE  'THE LAKE VIEW FEUIT FABM'  . H.   L.   McCONNELL   ft   SON  Port Burwell - - Ontario  Ottawa, Canada'  PRINGLE   &   GUTHRIE  Barristers and Solicitors _; . ���������  '  Clive Pringle. N. G. Guthrie.  Parliamentary Solicitors, Departmental  Agents, Board of Baihvay Commissioners  Mr. Clive Pringle is a member of the  Bar  of British   Columbia.  Citizen Building, Ottawa.  6721 Fraser Street.        Phone: Fraser 19  ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH  Cor.   Broadway  and  Prince  Edward  Ml  Servlces-^Morning Prayer at 11 a.m.  Sunday School and Bible clais at 2:10  p.m.  Holy Communion every Sunday at 8 a.r&  Evening: Prayer at 7:80 p.m. '  and 1st and 3rd Sundays at 11 ������.m  Rev. G. H. Wilson. Rector  c  r  AT HOME  AT THE CLUB  AT THE HOTEL  ���������j  The Health-Giving:  Natural Mineral Water  I  Refuse Substitutes  /.  /!  a  THE HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY  SOLE  IMPORTERS  I  J  y  !'l .'���������,;;.;"V-w..y,ii;  jxiifilx  :..>(���������::���������.  Friday, February 12, 1915.  THE WESTERN kCMLJ;  ���������-���������:/���������  ��������������������������� ky/kykykyp-y jyy/y^JMy^^^i^M  yyyyMy'k/yj^wkyyk^:yky^^^������i  'VVXXXVVX.X^jV^'hV'VXVV^  L^^^���������^-^^^v..^>^^;;^^^^^:^i:^:v;-^;,^l^l:^^^^^fe';^;:^^;^;;_  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>;���������������*��������������������� "j^^*^  E3  ���������-I  'ibx  OWHA3AN  .WASfflNGTONDC  OF AMERICAN ID  Located  on  Pennsylvania   Avenne, 18th and H Streets.  Washington's Newest Hotel. __  Ideally situated, within two blocks oi the Executive Man-  sion. onlv a short walk to the public buildings, -shops, theaters'  and points of historical interest to .visitors and tourists.  The     famous     Indian ������������������  Grill Room, the beautiful Palm Court,'  the delightful Tea Room, Grand Pipe   Organ   (.only   one   of   its  kind   in   Washington),   and   an Orchestra of a superfine order,  are  attractions  greatly  appreciated by Powhatan guests.  Room* with detached bath.   $1.50, 92.00 and up.  Rooms   with   private   bath,   $2.50, $3.00 and up.  Write for booklet with map.  CLIFFORD M. LEWIS,  Manager.  Aid tor iiiwhl Itinerary for Bridml Coop)**, ConventtoM, To4jrt>t Ptrtlel. School* and Colfes**.  'XXXX V'VXV-'VVX XXXV :;^XjVi:;'iVVV!^iv^ X^XliXX  ���������:��������� -m���������:���������:���������- ': V; Vf;���������</ft^V^''^r#.^.:.^ XX^������Xt*SK  **4*4**+4+4+4+4+*t^4*4******+**4*4*4*4* *****+**********************4*4*4*4*4***4*4*4*4*4*4*  n  5  IT  *****���������>****>>**********"***** '*******************���������&*****  Use fuel Oil  i  and Save Money  *  t  *-  *.  i  *  If you are interested in reducing .your Fuel Bill,  see us. We are saving money for others, and can  do the same for you. ������  We supply i and install Fuel Oil Plants of all  descriptions.'' We do not advocate a cheap plant,  but we can satisfy you when results are considered.  O  We have a large number of plants now in operation in hotels, office1 buildings, apartment houses,  schools and colleges.  1 fuel Oil Equipment Company  X X     LIMITED  ! 713 Pacific Bldg.     Phone Sey. 3727    Vancouver, B. C.  * ' ' " -,  4$4^4$4^M34^4^4$M$������^M^y^Mfr.fr43Mfr������^4fr 4fr.fr.fr ������^M$M$M$44J������4^������$.44fr.fr  4fr^Mfr44j4*fr.fr.fr^4fr4fr^Mfr.fr.fr.fr4fr,fr4fr4fr4fr^.^Mfr4fr4fr4fr������fr.^fr.fr.fr.fr4fr.fr.fr  *  vf  f  V  T  *  f .  t  X_S_X  V*  V MAbfc  IN Y-Vl  in nil  Are you going to  wear this winter?  .'   .. h  Why  Leckie's, of Course  \ And I am going to see that my wife buys them  % for THE BOYS too.    They are the best to  I> _ _wear and are made_ in Vancouver. _ _  *  .;.������;..fr.fr.fr.;..fr.fr.fr.fr.fr.fr.fr.fr.fr.fr,fr.fr.fr.fr^  ^*^///&Mm  'X-XXXitXi^li  ������������������IMxilKl  ��������� ' */_���������-.   ���������-��������� '���������'��������������������������� xXvxv/^v^-'vj-l  ���������"-   -���������'  't*;  ;  't;*- '-   ''.4'',::--f'i'-' I'l  ���������   '.' '. ���������- .*  VX JVVVXX'Xrff?.  ."���������''������������������  '���������������������������.���������-;.;.'������������������'.' '���������>'.''.i';:'.'-^;,r.,"'fc,JR;^:,?|  ��������� ���������-    '-;,  ���������': ���������������������������:-.;' .''s -',-'; ���������jl'.r-t'-l  ��������� XXX*J||v;XX  .". X .'���������" X'V  ���������.���������:.'-'���������   -'��������� ;,C ..\iS-.-..,'. .~f'���������]-;>'. .j 5 VI  .��������� .'".  :.< :'-.-. ..-.   ���������'y'.;'.Jj'V/'C':^!^l  '������������������ vXv;XVXXX������|  .V:'.-->L::V*-'l^'''tytttA  -���������-��������� ���������-:>.<���������:;;;'i:i;?-ji^i^Sfe^S^Lfcj  XXXl:f0|tXS*  X'-VXXvXXsfsP  '���������:'���������;���������/..': ��������� ';::.V. ;XVXX9;J  ' - ��������� ���������',..'���������  ������������������    ,' .,"{. '>",-r-r-. -���������'���������..-! .A:-,T,.r":' V*-''.-l  '/"'.'���������<-.���������'J:.. V^X'^X'S"!  :;,X' X XKVBfX'X  X 'XX^XXxX  -  :-���������'.���������: 'V,' *X-<:';*V':iV-V-.^i::X  -x..."V--  :'j:-':-yj.j^j0}w-iyyj:\  ���������-������������������.'���������    V'v'^XXjXv'V  ���������//y.:-  V^-;v;V'^XXl^#iv  "��������� /. ���������.-.,-.-'',A'-.  ..".���������.'".-..; k;,-'~X!K"-1  y./i//  ��������� X V XXVr;:'#XXX  ('.���������  .-��������� \X-\  ' ,'  l. ������������������>���������-,-' ,������*i '' ���������:.  .''-^V v-'-^iti ������������������; ">  " ,''*-' ,;���������',''.'  ���������':,."... ���������-;.'���������   \i'.������������������:'���������'i"?:.'..-:;!y:-:-���������.'���������  "x:MXX  K '<������������������< ::'X *X XV^xX  '-;"::;.>-"V>  /-:'���������';'������.'. "������������������ :;-!i:'*'ii;!:^i������Oi^':V  V^V:V;^i%^,;VX-S:V:i;S!.s?|^ijX������f|  V:V.- ';���������;��������� X:": X^?XV'I':' V?XrSX5f!l  :,^XiiXjX-!&XX^XX^|  * ^  Pbone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  V  ��������� >  518-520 3EATTV ST.  VANCOUVER, BX.^.  .        . MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers. Leggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on bahd.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  ..   -��������� v       ���������     ��������� -... y ,'-������������������ ������������������'��������� v._  t+++4+*+4+*+*********************  FLOUR IS CHEAP  98 lb. Sack for       ���������?       -       -       -  -    $3.50  WE GUAEANTEE THIS TO BE NO. 1 BREAD FLOUR.  Only a Few Sacks Left.   Order at Once.  We have just received a carload of Shuswap Timothy  Hay.   This hay is fresh and green and equal to Idaho.  ' Our Poultry Supplies are a revelation.   "We welcome your  enquiries.  F. Tm Vernon  Phones Fairmont 878186 *'      255 Broadway East  *,+,+*+*4*4*4*****4+*+4+4+************************  MANUFACTURING SHOES IN VA^eOUVERr-FORi  THE LECKIE SHOE FACTORY   X  "JITNEY" BUSSES  A lot of nonsense has been Avntten about the  jitney busses.   We do not intend to follow suit  VBuXthere are a few things which arc not nonsense which may be said  The touring car jitney has not come to stay  That phase of the development is purely an outcome of the extraordinary times. It vhas afforded and is affording m.any a man temporarily-  out of a job a means of turning what was a  luxury to account in earning a living for the  family until times mend.  Ultimately there is no profit in it for expensive cars are being ruined quickly by this  business to which they are so unsuited. But it  tides over the crisis, and for that all should feel  grateful, except of course the sufferers by the  competition.     ^  Even these may perhaps call philosophy to  their aid. They cannot afford to have their  patrons go wholly to the wall. The money they  lost by the jitneys now, they may look upon as  $ contribution towards relieving the community  from which they have and still must draw their  revenue. Now the better this community comes  through the present crisis the sounder -will be  the company's investment later when these men  have gone back to other lines of ��������� employment.  Then the lost dollars will, under careful manage-,  ment, come home again-  The last thing ^Vancouver should want to do  would be to seriously cripple the service on  which so much depends. ���������  At the same time, the company might help  their own. position, we think, by a fewv isimple  matters.  For instance, all the company's cars are blind  ones. The passengers cannot see the streets  ahead but are shut up to staring at a verj7-  monotonous sign of a perpetual sale perpetually  closing out a certain stock. Now the streets of  the city are interesting, especially at night, and  many would take a ride for the pleasure of see  ing them if the cars allowed of that .  -As it is  no one  ever thinks  of  taking  a  ride  on  our  system except as a matter of strict utility.  I should say that fully half of the persons  v ho ride jitney busses do so because they enjoy  seeing where they are going.  Other cities cater to this desire on the,part of  the people and reap large results from it. Could  not the B. C. Electric do so ?  Again, there are beauty spots about our city  which the company might secure and to which  they might turn the multitude for evenings and  holidays. There is the Gorge at Victoria. There  are the beaches and entertainment park at  Toronto. There is Winnipeg Beach, Avhich each  season turns into a fortune to the C- P...R. Many  such points are easily available near Vancou ver,,  and a moderate outlay on the'pjirt of the company in securing the ground and a little management in securing amusement featuresv Avould  create very profitable sources of revenue for the  company.  For instance, the beach at WhiiVe. Rock. Already this resort is popular but such a company  as the B.C. (Electric could, by securing ground  for a park there and by introducing amusement  features, then by running through trains on  their Chiliiwack tram lines to the nearest point  and by motor bus to the park for, say, fifty  cents return, they could cram trains throughout  the season and reap large profits.  We wish' the B. ��������� C. Electric well. But Ave  hope for a branch out on the part of the company to increase the pleasure of their patrons.  The heaA'y ears the company use Avould lend  themselves readily to the double-decked service  so popular in Britain and on the continent.  Auxiliary -busses around ithe Park and Point  Grey and to outlying points not reached by the  rails Avould be acceptable, and perhaps these  points might be reached by railless trolly. For  this purpose the old light cars, mounted on  truck Avheels, but driven by the overhead trolley,  so that the surplus power might be used, would  answer Avell.  THE NEW DRTv STATES/  For the comfort of those in  Oregon and Washington who are  in   terror   that   prohibition   Avill  bankrupt their states we reprint  the folloAvihg article:  Few persons i-ealize the Wonderful record' that Kansas shoAvs  at the end of her thirty years'  prohibition of the sale of alcoholic  liquors. A careful investigator  writing in "The Outlook" recently sliOAved that:  In 87 of her 105 counties Kansas has noAv no insane.  In 54 of these counties there  are no feeble-minded.  96 of her counties have no in- ������  ebriates.  .38 of her county poorhouses  are empty.  53  of her jails A\rere recently  empty,  and  65  counties had  no  prisoners   in   the   state penitentiary.  The entire number of. paupers  in the state falls short of 600.  Some counties have not called  a grand jurj-- to try a criminal  case in ten years.   .  Not long ago Kansas had $2,-  000,000 in her banks; her farmers  OAvned stock valued at $225,000,-  000, and in one year the people  have' added $45,000,000 to their  taxable property.  Only two per cent, of the entire population is illiterate.  The mortality rate has dropped  from 17 per 1,000 to 7 per 1,000. w*4^fci.yr,tfH'.^.'o!ti*;>.VAKv'^V&;:-.^  ;������JWi'(^*wrJiffft-~ri-/y/.i^^r;i'/,'j.Cii_j'rfJ  f  . ��������� - v.- n#jtf.'r,t tnc^-BVis^-j it-: *i$tfti*J>to������JcvZ^^  m^4mS9^****am^9^*t^m^f949*M  \  8  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, February 12, 1915.  THRIVING SETTLEMENTS OPEN  IN THE PEACE RIVER DISTRICT  Settlers.  Tells of District's Extent, Fertility and Needs���������Coming  to Vancouver.  Mr.  C. B. Duke Visits Victoria (British Columbia, it has not i*e-  in.Aid of Pouce Coupee        | ceived   much   notice   heretofore.  But the time has arrived when  it is necessary to make sonie provision for the establishment of  the institutions of modern government, to ensure the liberties  and well-being of the people who  have taken up their permanent  abode in the favored section of  the province,, so little known in  this section.  Sturdy Class of Settlers.  Judged from the point of view  of Avhat they have undertaken,  the men who have taken their all,  travelled so many miles from  communication, taken wives and  children, and selected such an  isolated place for their homes,  must be a pretty sterling class of  settlers, which all reports agree  is the .case.  But the British Columbia Government does not own or control  the lands in "The Block," ahd  so has no direct revenue. The  revenue the Dominion Goevrn-  meht receives is hut the ten dollar  entry fee from each homesteader.  Therefore, little has been done,  though little has yet been asked.  The past year the Dominion Government built a telegraph line  northwesterly across "The Block"  ���������and incidentally it may be mentioned -- that that was the very  first outside money that has so  far come into the district to benefit by its distribution. The official in charge of the work employed the settlers so far as 'he  could, and made as fair a division  as possible.  The Provincial Government also  spent a. small sum in road improvement last year, but natur-  Vietoria.���������Police Coupee is the  name of, a thriving settlement, of  the splendid prairie on Avhich the  settlement is located, and of the  river Avhich drains the district.  It is in "The Block" as settlers  know it, the Peace River block  as it is referred to more especially, and the Dominion Government reserve in the Peace River  section of British Columbia, to  be exact.  The area of Pouce Coupee  prairie, in which the settlement  of over' 700 hardy pioneers has  located, is roughly estimated as  24 by 40 miles, said Mr. C. B.  Duke,- a delegate here on behalf  of the Settlers in that favored  locality- *A study of facts regarding this large new settlement on  the far-flung frontier"of British  Columbia largely justifies any enthusiasm displayed.  When people in search of land  to settle on, to, make homes for  themselves, drive 360 miles.from  the end. of railway transportation, as did every one of the 700  homesteaders at Pouce Coupee,  and when they are more than  satisfied to remain after two  years' experience, with all the  hardships and privations of frontier life, and riot a vestige of any  kind of the advantages of modern  civilization as obtainable in localities closer to the means of  supply, it argues well for the  natural advantages of the district  in question. And .that is where  Pouce Coupee is strong.  . Mr. C. B. Duke has been in  Victoria several days to bring to  the attention of the government, I ally not in .the direction of giving  through its various departments, | facilities for the settlers to reach  the needs of the people he repre^  sents. Mr. J. A. Fraser and Dr.  ' Callanari, members of. the Cariboo, in which riding "The Block"  is situated, have done all they  could to facilitate the efforts of  the visitor from the far northeast corner of the province.,  ���������  Open iw\ Homestead Untry-  Describing the conditions at  present obtaining in "The 3lopk"  where other settlemen.ts liave  ���������Jbeen gradually forming, though  none'has held the rapid and wonderful development of Pouce  Coulee, Mr. Duke points out that  in the entire area, whiclr is 3,-  5000,000 acres, there are no railway lands, school lands, Bud-  son's Bay sections, scrip or reservations of any sort whatever.  _.The_ result is thatL every one of  the 144 quarter sections, forming  a township of six miles square,  is open for homestead entry, and  that is making a unique settlement,  in that it is possible  to  J- have a settler on every quarter  section.  "For example," said Mr.Duke,  "in my owh township, out of 144  quarter sections, 112 have been  entered for, and the homesteaders  are all living on their places, and  in the two years' time since we  went in there most of us have  more than completed our duties.''  Athabasca Landing used to be  the nearest point from which one  could reach Pouce Coupee, but  now rail-head on the Edmonton,  Peace River & Dunvegan Railway  is at High Prairie, which is 240  miles from the neAv settlement.  Freighting is the only way to  get in supplies from railead, and  winter te only feasible and economical time, as roads, real roads,  highways made by man* are yet  an unknown quantity. As the  snow or sleighing seldom lasts 70  days it is a hurry-up job to get  in the year's supplies on the  snoAv. Mr. Duke would very  much like to be back there and  busy at his Avork, .but he has undertaken this' trip to the seat of  government on behalf of his fel  Ioav settlers at Pouce Coupee.  The big handicap that Pouce  Coupe and all the settlements in  "The Block" are under is that it  is a veritable No Man's Land as  far as the institutions of eiAdl  government are concerned- As  the settlement is altogether a  movement from the eastern side,  via Edmonton, "Athabasca Landing, Edson, or other points, and  as the district is shut off by the  Rocky   Mountains    from    direct  their line of rail communication,  which leads to Edmonton, and  that. Albertan city is getting the  benefit of all the trade of the  new country. That is until the  Pacific Great Eastern shall have  reached Fort George and been extended on to tap this last great  open prairie of the North���������the  Pe,ace River district.  Three or four hundred dollars  of outlay and several'weeks of  time comprises the cost of making a trip to Victoria to lay the  interests of the people of Pouce  Coulee before the government.  Mr- Duke has been very busy  since being here,* and every minister has been deeply interested  in the information he has given  them.  The people have, so far, been  able to pay for their necessary supplies   with   \vhat   money   they  brought in���������the main cash outlay  being for groceries and for clothing.   Vegetables, grain, meat, are  all now produced. Prices for supplies  have  a   sort  of  Klondike  sound.   The cheapest/ sugar ever  yet sold in the district has been  at 16 cents, per pound.   Flour is  $14 per hundred for all but the  local article.   That is $6.50, and  the settlers take their wheat 75  miles to  the  nearest  grist  mill,  Avhere it is ground into a very in-  Wifferent  article,  somewhat   resembling , whole    wheat    flour.  "You have to lock the cabin door  after you set the bread, for when  it rises it will run out," is the  homely but picturesque description of the peculiarities of that  crude  northern . flour,  given  by  Mr. Duke.  This year for the first time the  settlers had threshing machines  in, and excellent returns both in  oats and wheat were received-  The acreage is, of course, small  yet. There is, now a small sawmill in the district, which is a  boon. Windows, etc., -are expensive. A single light 24x24 inches  retails at $1.25 as freighting in  is costly and breakages high. The  regular freight rate from railhead  is 5 cents per pound, and the rate  by rail to High Prairie from Edmonton, is $1.50 per CAvt. Formerly cured-bacon and hams cost  35 and 40 cents per pound, when  they had to be imported. This  year the settlers have plenty of  their OAvn hogs and cured pork,  the production of the farmers in  the district is readily procurable  at 12 to 15 cents per pound.  The number of cattle is rapidly  increasing,   and   the   distriet   is  as the chinook winds coming  down Pine Pass make the winter  even better than that on the  Southern Alberta * ranges. The  open nature of the Pouce Coupee  prairie, and the excellent character of the soil, render it an unexcelled district for grain groAV-  ing.  ���������-'. ��������� X .  "There is not another new district left in British Columbia  where you can find open quarter.|  sections Avithout a stick or a  stone on, and not enough brush  to switch a horse Avith, and where  you can stick your ploAy in one  corner of a quarter section and  plow every inch of it," is the  exuberant recommendation of the  representative of the new district.  Pine River Pass is the logical  direction by* which lines of communication and transportation to  the Avestern portions of British  Columbia will have to be laid  from "The Block" Not until  these, now under way, are V completed will the coast sections bf  the province be able to reap the  benefit of- trade Avith the; part  and assist in its development.<...  An interesting detail furnished  by Mr. Duke, respecting settlement is that many people froiri  the other prairie come to "The  Block" and firidirig that theyVcari  not again homestead, as it is  under Federal laws, and they  have already had homesteads,  they are drifting on up the Pine  River, into those portions of  British Columbia outside the  boundaries of "The Block.."  Many of these settlers have, a  substantial anfount of money and  stock, and they are forming the  nucleus of many fine settlements  in that section,  Mr. Duke will be in Vancouver  early this week, and 'he expects  |^to have a number of important  interviews with prominent business men. It is also his intention  to get, in touch with the Board  of. Trade.  resourcefulness of the Russian!  nation. Many small Avares, formerly manufactured for us in  Germany and Austria, have been  perfectly replaced in the Moscoav  manufacturies. Village hand work  is producing satisfactory" cutlery,  saddlery and munitions/ and in  making tese things the peasant is  shoAving remarkable adaptability.  " Even machine articles are  successfully produced. When our  troops were in East Prussia the  first time; they secured eight barb  wire machines..  "These were brought to Russia  and copied, so that such machines  are now produced here. This is  one example, and . such occurrences are numerous.'  "The relations of the soldiers  and the commanders are . excellent;    Many occasions have wit-  SHACKLETON OFF  FOR  ANTARCTIC  X:  London.;���������Lieutenant Sir Ernest  Shackleton, commander of the  British trans-Pacific expedition,  sends to the New York World the  j-message given herewith::.'; " Mr.  Shackleton's party left Liverpool  on September 19 and sailed from  Buenos, Ayres for the Weddell  Sea on October 26, on the ^Endurance, with a part of .the expedition, the other part being  started on the Aurora for the  Ross Sea:"  The original plan was for the  Shackleton   party   to   cross   the  -������������������������������������- ���������������������������������������������tf "���������*��������� ��������� ���������*~ ��������� ��������� w��������� ���������        *������������   ,   w ..   ������������������������ P������_������AE������*v.4V**V/ UA/11 yJIAiM. *JJ *J\J V1VOO WAV*  nessed situations Avhere the com- Antarctic ice over the South Pole  mander desired to precede the  men. The latter, hoAvever, requested the leaders to remain behind, saying, 'You are one hard  to* replace; we can be spared.'  "A felicitous . circumstance is  the absolute unity of the nation  and the army* Officers and men  are extremely alive to what is  transpiring in the country, and  are gratified to see the concord  between the, government and the  people, and the interest which the  entire people are taking in the  campaign- Sanitary conditions  can be judged by the insignificant number of illnesses and the  yigorousness of ^the men in - the  ranks.";'-'...;  Germany Husbands Her Wheat.  - London. ��������� Germany's gigantic  scheme of food regulation was  inaugurated yesterday, bakers being henceforth compelled to reduce their daily output by 25  per cent., and a limit being set  upon the amount of flour to be  used in breads and pastries.  CONSUMER'S  LEAGUE  EAJ.F YEAR'S WAR  FJNPS RUSSIANS  STJUWCHiST YET  Warsaw Front is Declared to  Se FracticaJJy fco-  pregnable.  111 connection vith the "Made-  in-B. C",campaign considerable  work has been done by the ManU-  to the Ross Sea, a distance of  1,700 miles, the two sections of  the expedition to join next April,  if possible, unless the ice conditions prevented so early a June-,  tion.. \ ���������-."-. X''X'XV-; ���������''." :'v;VV  ?''News which awaited the expedition when it arrived at South  Georgia, within 45 degrees of the  South Pole," finally decided me in  the plans which I have now  made," said Shackleton.  "All reports show that the ice-  is farther south than it has been  for years, and that means that  the pack has not broken up-  "I see no chance of our getting  through this season, by the ice  report. It is so bad that you  must not look foj* us until the beginning of March, 1916, -from  NeAv Zealand."  EPWORTH LEAGUE.  At Representative Meeting Interesting Addresses Are  Delivered-  >  Interesting reports were ���������submitted and excellent addresses  delivered at the last meeting of  the Vancouver District Epworth  League executive, held, in Wesley  Church on Thursday evening, the  leagues, being well represented.  There were also present Rev. Mr.  Lamb of the Thomas Crosby Mission boat, Rev. J. P.. Westman,  Field Secretary, Rev. D. Oster-  hout, superintendent of the mission work among the Orientals  in British Columbia, and Rev. Mr.  Sing of the Chinese Methodist  Mission.  Rev. Mr. Lamb gave ah excellent address on the-coast work  and related.many experiences of  meeting all classes of people and  holding as many as eighteen services a day- On behalf of the  missionary department, four members have started active service,  three from Cedar Cottage, Robson Memorial Church, Miss Wil-  SUBMERGED STATIONS  FOR THE SUBMARINES  facturers'   Association   and   the,       _   _, ���������   ��������� ���������    ,r.    __,    ^  various    women's   .organizations f nJ������ Jell������ Sella^iss Wharton  -A Russian general,  who is an aide-de-camp, to Emperor Nicholas, and is necessarily  nameless, gave an Associated  Press correspondent today the  Russian viewpoint of the military  situation. The aide-de-camp has  just returned from inspecting the  Russian forces at; all the' fronts,  except in the Caucasus.  .He. said:  . " Today, exactly a half year  since the beginning of the war,  our second line of troops is  greater and our entire armies are  much stronger. The men are  more hardened and physically and  morally more ready. X  ''The enemy's territory has  been occupied in East Prussia  and Galicia to a greater extent  than ���������our':-most optimistic expectations, while the Germans are  occupying practically the same  lines as at the outset of "the war.  The distance between the BzUra  River and the German frontier,  though greater in miles than between Sochaczew and Warsaw,  is \ strategically much less important for the reason that there  are no fortified positions between  the Bzura and Germany, Avhile  the last three months, during  which the Germans have been-occupied in vain attempts to advance, have been profitably used  by us to fortify the line from  Npvo Georgievsk to Warsaw,and  Ivangorod (the Vistula line),  which line is no Ay practically impregnable.  "The territory occupied, by us  in East Galicia is noAv part and  parcel of the empire. Lemberg  and vicinity are Avell fortified  and the population is Avell satisfied Avith the new state of things.  In the Carpathians the- Austrians  have been Aveakened by recent  defeats. and the German1 help  there Avas insufficient to infuse  neAv blood into their army-  Made-in-Russia Campaign.  "At the outset of the war fears  Avere expressed, in view of the  difficulties of importation, as to  Avhere AAre Avere to get necessary  I mechanical   implements.     Neces-  which have taken up the move  ment. Consumer's Leagues have  been~ organized in Victoria and  New Westminster, and it is expected that the organization in  Vancouver will be completed  within the next few days. Several committees have been: gathering data and with a well attended public meeting their efforts should be crowned with success.  The object of the Consumer's  League is to bring to the direct  attention of the housewife the  different commodities Avhich- are  manufactured in the province,  through a co-operative system of  publicity. The effect of such an  organization has been seen in  various cities, where the commodity manufacturer has been  only too willing to accept suggestion JLro^  to the hospital at Bella Bella and  Mr. Wilkinson, a probationer for  the ministry; Fairview Church;  Sixth Avenue,. :Miss B. Vermelyea  to teach iri the Coquhalla Indian  Institute. Rev. Mr. Westman  spoke also of his experience and  work in Alberta arid British Columbia, arid made a strong appeal  for all to attend the meeting of  the Epworth League arid Sunday  schools institutes that will be  held in-the city this week. The  executive expressed ��������� their sympathy for the secretary, Miss Os-  bourhe, and members of the  family recently bereaved by the  death i of her brother, at the age  of 21.  LUSITANIA'S FLAG.  "I do hot know, and nobody  knows outside the German Naval  Department, whether Germany,  has submerged supply stations,  for their submarine fleet in the  English Channel, but such a  scheme is feasible," said Simon  Lake, the submarine expert,; today-, in an interview. "On account of the success of Germany's  undersea craft in their raids on  British commerce, I long ago  formed the opinion that they had,  and/ from their latest threat  against British commerce and  their recent declaration that they  will cripple her commerce I ah.  more convinced than ever that  they have. X  A Lake Boat.  "The German submarine Vis  practically a Lake boat in that it  is supplied with a diving compartment. It is very simple for  a man to leave the submarine  when it is submerged. Arrayed  in his diving suit, it is perfectly  easy for him to" get submerged s1  supplies; The German submarine '  uses the Diesel engine,, made to  use crude oil; It is no great  problem to have' isubmerged tanks  for crude dif. I long ago perfected such a tank myself. As  regard^ supplies ������f>food, that is  still a simpler problem. It is  only a matter of packing food in  sealed or water-tight packages.  Such supply stations along the ���������  British coast or* other placer  along the English Channel would  enable a German submarine' to  continue its activities for months.'  the consuiriers by direct visits to  the factories have been able to  view, and gather: direct information as to the methods of producing staple articles in the district-:   ' .-   'N V;:. .J:  In connection with the movement a number of manufacturers  have had a series of motion pictures produced showing their  plants in operation, arid the different lines of goods produced.  These will be given, a private exhibition and then exhibited at  various theatres throughout the  province. The pictures are being  taken by Mr. A. D. Kean.  With the organization movement, Mrs. Ralph Smith has given considerable time, and it is  through her energetic workXhat  it has assumed such proportions.  communication with the rest of'well  adapted  for  stock raising, sity has shoAvn the strength and  Since January, 1897, /Canada  has given aAvay 400,000 free homesteads of 160 acres each, or 100,-  000 square miles. Enough land  to make a felt four pules wide  around the globe. The biggest  gift of. land in history.  The contents of Rod and Gun  for February include Sentries of  the Wild by H. Mortimer Batten;  A Brush With Polar Bears in the  Hudson Straits of Northern Canada; The One Eared Wolf by H.  C. Haddon; Rolo the Pup vs. Alberta; The National Transcontinental Gameland of Quebec;  and other stories. The Guns and  Ammunition department occupies  ten pages of reading matter this  month and other departments  are AA^ell maintained. This well  known Canadian sportsman's  publication is issued at Woodstock, Ont-, by W. J. Taylor,  [Limited, Publisher.  Rig Liner Approached Liverpool  ~ Underlie; Stars and^tripes._  London.���������The Press Association  has issued the following under a  Birmingham date:  "Passengers from the Lusitania  who arrived here Sunday state  that when off the coast of Ireland the Lusitania received a  wireless message from the Admiralty that it was to hoist the  American flag. It did so, and  saiU.d under that flag to Liverpool."  The Daily Express asks what is  wrong Avith the Union Jack that  the Foreign Office should encourage the use of a neutral flag  as a trick of Avar?  "The whole affair leaves a  A'ery disagreeable taste in the  mouth in England." It says:  "���������Since when has the Union Jack  become a color to be hauled down  timidly, or an inadequate protection on all seas? Our confidence in the Admiralty arid navy  is such that we are bound to regret profoundly this resort to a  subterfuge, Avhich7 while it in no  way excuses German piracy, may  give the enemy and neutral nations an opportunity for those  sneers which we are least inclined toN tolerate."  '      . ��������� X     '       ' -,    *  Back on Full Time.  WATBE NOTICE.  Vm and Storage.  rfAKE iNOTiep^that -Joseph .Vstleyr  whose address is 4423 Slocan Street,  Vancouver, B. C, will apply for a  license to take.and use five cubic feet  per second and to store about'250,000  gallons out of: an unnamed creek to be  henceforth known as ':Astley, Creek,,  which flows south-westerly and drains  into the sea about 1% miles north of  the southern point of the west coast  of Texada Island, Province of British  Columbia. The storage dam will be  located on or near the north-west  corner of Lot 339, Group 1, on the  said Texada Island. The capacity of  the reservoir is not yet determined.  The vater will be diverted from the  stream at or ��������� near -. the north-weBt  corner of Lot 339 aforesaid and will  be used for mining, steam, power and  storage purposes' upon the land described as Lot 339 aforesaid and elsewhere. This notice was posted on the  ground on the 14th day of December,  1914. A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto, and to  the Water Act, 1914, will be filed in  the office of the Water Recorder at  Vancouver, B._ C. Objections to the'  application may be filed with the said  Water Recorder or with the Comptroller, of Water Rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C., within 30 days  after the first appearance of this  notice in a local newspaper. The date  of the^ first publication of this notice  is 13th January, 1915.  X    JOSEPH ASTLEY,  Applicant.  LAND ACT.  Elizabeth, N. J.���������The assembling department, one of the largest  at the Singer Sewing Machine  works, has announced a return  of all men on a full time schedule  beginning today. At the office  of the company it Avas said the  entire plant will be back on the  old schedule within another  month. Early last fall about 50  per cent, of the 9,000 employees  there were laid off.  New  Westminster  Land .District.  District of Texada Island.  rjTAKE NOTICE that I, Joseph Astley,  of Vancouver, occupation engineer,  intend to apply for permission to lease i  she  following  described  foreshore  for  docking purposes:     Commencing  at  a  post   planted   about   One   and   a   half  miles fTom the southern point (on the  east   side)   of  Texada   Island,   thence  following  the  shore  line  in  a  northwesterly direction to the head  of Van-  unnamefl, bay (henceforth to be known  a*  Astley Bay), thence following the^  shore line around the bay to the east  side,., thence south-east for  about 750  feet.  Dated January 20th, 1915.  JOSEPH ASTLEY,  -rilvr:


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