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The Western Call 1915-03-19

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 tOa.  MAR 2 21915  Pub lished in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  Volume VI.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA,     FRIDAY, MARCH 19, 1915  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 45.  In  RUSSIA AND THE,  DARDANELLES  DR. McGUIRE RETIRES  THE possession of the Dardanelles has/ been  a. matter of contest .for many generations  and the end is not yet. V   X  | ��������� ��������� . The Crimean war was fought on this matter.  At the time of the Russo-Turkish war the  British fleet was sent to the Dardanelles and  i they   effectually  prevented  the  Russians  from  taking possession then.  1' What the sea power of Britain was then used  to prevent, it appears now to be striving to  bring about, namely opening the Dardanelles for  Russia.  It seems inevitable that the desires of Russia  will be  met in this  regard.        '  It seems almost inevitable that when, the present occasion for the allies to be working tbge-V  ther has passed that the question will arise again  and be a source of future discord...-���������.-'  But sufficient for the day is the evil thereof.  XXThe following is a most interesting article bn  githe   subject   from  the   Russgy   Viedomosti -by  1 Prince Eugene Trukettskey on" Constantinople  l)and the Dardanelles," in which the prince says:  "Our friends/and our foes alike ought to  know what is the point of view of the Russian  ii nation as well as what is said by diplomacy re-  ['garding the one and only solution which accords  with the state interest of Russia���������namely, Constantinople   and  the  straits  must  be   Russian.  Every other solution, whatever its nature, is impossible of acceptance by us, because every other  would only make the position for us worse than  I it was before the war began.  "French newspapers some time ago talked of.  ^neutralizing the Dardanelles, but when they  know, the  Russian  views  they  \H11  doubtless  |, change their opinions. We have seen, in the case  of Belgium, how neutrality- is respected nowadays and the Turk at any rate, was several degrees stronger than a scrap of ^aj^l"   . ,  '' The l neutralization  of the straits  or the  handing of them, over to a minor power���������rfor-  example,   Bulgaria���������only   mean*   that" Ruiwia  would he cut o||. from the sea on -the outbreak  Hit -faar and would probahly have enemy' warships  flat work around the ������lack Sea coast line;  "This war is-a war waged in common by the  [tfhree Allies. "When it is ended we must not  enquire who has dealt Germany the heaviest  blows or who inflicted-on ber the last defeat;  who has enabled Belgium to be restored, or who  toes stood the main attack of the Turkish army.  mor, on the other hand, must the Allies raise the  [[question of who forced! the Dardanelles.  Let the present war restore the territorial  F integrity of France.   Let England he rewarded  ifor her hebic efforts it the cost of Germany and  [Turkey.   But let the vital interests of Russia  also  he   secured.  "Nothing less than the independence of Rus-  Llsia is bound up with this question of. the straits.  [Russia can and must gjaranteejthe free passage^  V, bf the Dardanellestbthe mercantile marine of  f airthe world; but she must have power, hy force  of arms,, to prevent \the warships of any other  S"   ower from navigating the waters of the Sea of  tarmora and the Black Sea.   There is only one  | way whereby this may be secured and at the  [!>ame time tfpen the exit to the high seas for Russia, an object which Sir Edward Grey, the British foreign secretary, has declared has British  sympathies.   The straits must belong to Russia.  ILNo other solution is possible!"  FIRST EVIDENCES  The start of an active compaign on the part  of the allies on the western front is reported by  l|jSir John French in his latest despatches from  f France.   This will be taken generally as evidence that Kitchener has begun to push his new  Larmy or armies into the battlefront, and that a  [forward policy will be adopted and acted upon  from how on.  It is most significant that the new troops  should have stood the test well; should^ indeed,  [have  distinguished  themselves  by  the   capture  , of an important  German position, with  much  loss to the enemy in casualties and'prisoners.  [This gives the first and an early vindication of  Lord Kitchener's policy of raising and training  | new troops, of which the Germans have been  I making merry ever since it was announced.   If.  ^Kitchener can prove, as he seems to be proving,  |l that men unused to soldiering can be trained in  Pa few months for distinguished conduct in mod-  'jern warfare,  the  lesson will be  an important  'one, and Kitchener's fame will be the brighter  [for teaching it to the world.  General Alderson, in command of the first  Canadian army corps, has also reported that the  Canadians have been in the trenches for more  [.than a week and have  by their  conduct surprised and delighted him.   The, public in"*- this  I, country will feel a thrill of pride at this warm  \ praise.   Canada is fortunate in being so well represented at the demonstration of Kitchener's  : notable experiment.  WE hear with regret that Dr. McGuire has  decided not again to become a candidate  for election to the provincial house.  We have formed the impression that the doctor is a very desirable man for the position, and  his retirement from the field will be a distinct  loss to the party and to the constituency.  The Doctor has loyally supported the goy\  ernment, but he has not been a rubber stamp*  by any means.   Clean and honest, with a mind  and will of his own, he has made himself felt  all the time in the house and in government  cidcles,  We hope that the time will come when the  Doctor will again take the field. For we believe that he has not used his position for personal gain, but has striven nianfully for the  best interests of the city and of the province.  We shall be disappointed if there is not yet  an active future before the Doctor.  " There are a number bf reasons why I have  decided to retire," Dr. McGuire said.   " I do not  think  any  man should try to monopolize  the  honors;   I think it is time for me to step dowh:  ahdlet some other man represent you."  ; ���������'1 havei had it brought to niyV notice, that  G. A. McGuire made something put of being a  member. It is most reprehensible to ascribe  to men in public life improper motives. The  members who represented Vancouver are upright  men. I do not mind' these innuendoes so much  for myself, but a man has a family to consider.  When a man does his best to serve his constituency it is hard to have his honor and his  motives questioned. This is what keeps so many  good men out of public life. I never made a dollar, (^ishonestly."  Although retiring from public life, he is still  a member of Ward Five Conservative Club. He  was president of the Conservative Association  for two years and treasurer one year. He has  sat in three legislatures and through nine sessions.  s  IMES are hard. I am sure we have h^ard  that said as much as six times on the  streets of Vancouver.  MANY THINGS TO  BE THANKFUL FOR  T  What about the future? How do you spell  the shake of the head? There ought to he some  way to spell or some letter added to the alphabet  to represent it The shake of the head is so  expressive. But perhaps there would have to  be a whole section added to the alphabet to  cover all the kinds of head shakes practiced by  the wise man and the otherwise. Xfhat is what  you get anyway when you speak of the return  of activity to Vancouver.  - Well, we are ript in the head shaking business  just uowX^Audso-we address ourselves^o-this  questiou. what of the future?  The future of Vancouver is safe, there can  be no doubt as to that.  But when will that future be realized?  Only a prophet could set dates in this, as in  other matters. And it may be that the return  of activity will wait on the close of the war.  But on the other hand the war may prove to be  a stimulus to hasten the recovery of activity  here as elsewhere.  We have still the Vancouver climate, and  there are still many on the prairies who desire  and need the milder climate of the coast after a  quarter of a century on the prairie.  The Panama Canal is opened, and it cannot be  long before we begin to benefit by it.'  Up to the present we have been a town at  the' end of one single line railway. Now we  are becoming the terminal point of three or four  great companies having completed, or completing, many lines to this point.  We still have the natural resources and still  the world's markets need them. We have  abounding cheap power going to waste and soon  we shall be wise enough to bring it in.  Further we have opened up relations of trade  with the hundred and fifty million Empire of  Russia, and her ships are monthly loading in  our harbor. Surely this is only the beginning of  better things as to trade with  Russia.  We have but lately had opened for us direct  connection by steamer with the Phillipines.  The .canal has brought us close to the West  Indies.  The general, development in the Pacific assures that the North Pacific will immediately  become one of. the most busy parts of the world's  surface.  And Vancouver is in the midst of all this.  Our natural resources will attract capital now  that the transportation question is being settled,  and if we have the right leadership we shall see  development of industry here soon.  We cannot think that ail the activity in  Vancouver in the matter^of her fine blocks and  other matters was all a mistake. It might have  been a little premature even though the war had  not come on. But the war did come, and time is  being lost. But the times will change. If the  war goes dragging on the people will get used to  it and things return to normal any way.  THE " WORLD 'SOLD  We note with satisfaction that the "World''  newspaper has gone into the hands of Mr. John  Nelson, who for some years past has been the  business manager of. the Daily News-Advertiser.  With the fact that the paper has had to be  sold we have nothing to say. We are alwdys  sorry when a citizen fails in the enterprise he  may. have undertaken amongst us. It is not  always safe for men having Targe and complex  interests to become entangled ��������� in public affairs.  The editorship of a large daily paper and the  necessity of making the same a business success  is enough to fill the time of any one man. Had  Mr. Taylor stayed with the job there might have  been a different story to tell. But he thought  otherwise. Well, he is now the mayor of Van-"  couver and another is the controller of the Daily  "World" newspaper: :XX;X  But seeing that it was inevitable that the  paper should change hands, we are glad to see  it. go into the hands of Mr. Nelson:; Of all the  men\re know in the journalistic field'Wha are  interested in the journalism of this;eity> we be  lieveVhe is the best for the position, having regard Vto the influence of the paper in this city.  We expect to see the siame clean, sane, and  withal active policy pursued which, has characterized the paper he is how leaving, and we wish  him all manner of success, "Good, bad and indifferent," would be a literal quotation. But we  eliminate the last two clauses.  Some genius has published a calculation that  the new taxes will cost the head'of a family, a  wife and four children, $33.03 in' the clothes they  wear. All that can be said is that if the calcula-  tion is right,' it serves any Canadian head of a  family right if just when the Empire needs every  dollar and ounce of strength it can preserve, he  insists on clothing his household exclusively  with imported materials  RAILROAD POLICY  1^^  NATURE DEFEATING  THE GERMAN ARMY  BRITAIN  gave  to   Go4 the glory  for  the  scattering of the Armada by the storms  which wrecked and destroyed the great  ���������fleet.   ��������� x .���������  .It is striking that nature has been more effective this winter than has the united, might  of all the warring armies.  : i The zeppelin raid on Britain was defeated hy  the storm which hurled the zeppelins back and  destroyed some, of them at least. How many,  perhaps, we shall never know. X     X       ,  The mud in the western area of the great  conflict and the continuous downpour of rain  effectually  blocked   theXiesperate   driving  of  ,-the. Kaiser's hordes towards Calais.- ��������� _,^ -^_=-  When our men would have been compelled to  stand up under had the weather continued fine  or had the winter frozen harxL, the ground we  can only in a slight, degree surmise, but that the  thin red line, few in numbers and scantily supplied with artillery, would have; been decimated  even though they had managed to hold the line  unbroken no thinking man can doubt.  But the torrents came and the legions of the  Kaiser were halted by a power before which  all the resources pf men are in vain applied.  - During this enforced halt the "contemptible  little army" has become a mighty engine of  war. During these months of enforced idleness  on the field the industrial armies of the allies  and the neutrals have been busy preparing the  equipment which last fall was so woefully lacking until the allies are now better equipped than  the Germans and Austrians were.  It was the expectation and the boast of the  Germans that they would win this war by the  weight of. /their artillery;  How near they came to this the fate of the  Belgian fortresses can tell, and but for the fact  that the weather caused their mighty machines  to stick in the mud there is no telling what the  present position might have been. Now, however, they have no advantage in this regard, and  the hope of their winning by the weight of  their guns has disappeared.  In the east the weather again has worked for  the allies. The winter has not been normal, and  at the moment of this writing the Germans dare  not press home the prepared attack on the Russian front lest a sudden thaw should imprison  them in their exposed position.  In the far off line of the Turkish invasion of  Rusian soil the amazing snow storms rendered  helpless the Turkish hordes and made' certain  their utter defeat at the hands of the Russians.  In Egypt the burning drought of the desert  discomfitted the invaders and sent them on a.  rapid race with death back to the wells and  rivers of. Asia Minor.  And as it has been up to this date it will  be still, for the end has been foretold by the  King  of Kings.  When finally the story of the effect the  elements have had in this war thinking men  will  ask What hath God wrought?  [ATEVER criticisms may be forthcoming  as to-the details of the McBride administration, the outstanding feature, that of  the railroad policy of the government, will show  generally, as a benefit to the province all through  its history. -   , -  The rapid successions of governments which  preceded the regime of the present administration made the government of,British Columbia .a  joke, the present one is also a joke.     <-  The isolation of the province, and meagre  transportation facilities made any considerable  industrial development impossible.  While Vancouver has attained the position  of the chie^ city of the province, it has been  debarred from attaining the size and activity  hoped for and fully discounted by investors  here because she has been and still Is served by  only one railroad company (Canadian) having  only one single track over which all commodities must pasaXX  No large industries could be developed under  ������uch conditions, for no,manufacturers would undertake large plants where they would be subject to the tariffs of a single railroad cotnpany,  not subject to competition. It is sure that the  railroads would absorb all the profits of. such an  enterprise.  Now the province has been lifted into a better plane than that by the construction of the  C N. R., and by the undertaking of the P. G. &  E., connecting with the Grand Trunk.  Instead' of one , Company with one single  track we shall have three M&rge companies  with the C. P. R.. having t\M* tracks serving  the city, and competing for and creating business  in order to make their tracks pay.  This is all to the good.  v _^ito th������ P#S^p#fa *or those lines there may  be difference of opinion, but the fact stands that  the lines are there, wholly or in part, and that  will later he found to he Very important, to the  . province and' to the city. w  ' There might he a danger! of course of carry-?  ing a policy of thia kind too far, and making'the  province pay too much for its transportation  that when its industries become established the  profits from them might he mortgaged so fully  that the expected gains to the people of. the province would not materialize.  ' It is but fair to say, however, that this state  of affairs have not materialized yet, and that the  administration which secured for the province  these advantages will guard them from being  wasted by overguarantees or loans to the builders. .,/  At all events it would not be fair to put what  might be offered against what has actually been  accomplished. *"*  LTHE qTYJARRET  MAYOR TAYLOR has a grand opportunity of  filling one of his preelection promises now  that the. city market on Main street appears for the time being to he in the discard,  and that is by the immediate establishment bf a  market in some more central section of. the  city. At the present time there appears to he  little opportunity to make the False Creek proposition appeal to the consumer. It may not be  the time to erect a large and fancy building,  but this cannot be said to be necessary to make  the market a success. If a temporary structure  were erected in a central part of the city, it  would not take long to find the advantages of a  public market where the consumer could meet  the producer on even terms. Then there would  be no necessity of paying three or four prices  for some of the necessaries of life.  Suggestions have been made that the triangular piece of ground on Pender street between  Cambie and Beatty streets could be put in shape  for a market site which would answer the purposes in keeping with the conditions. The consumer's league, which is now in process of formation, would do well to consider this important matter, whilst its members are in an energetic, mood.  ' The provincial department of agriculture has  taken the position that if the co-operative marketing movement in the Fraser Valley is "to be  put on a proper footing, there must be a thorough investigation as to imports, consumption  and production. The results of this investigatory  work for the Lower Mainland has been made  available by the activities of the League's Market Commissioner, working under the direction  of the department and latterly entirely supported  by the department. There has thus been laid a  basis for intelligent direction of the co-operative  marketing movement in the valley. It is gratifying to have the department's assurance that if  the funds are available the work of organizing  the valley will be continued, the organization of  local producers' exchanges for buying and selling activities encouraged, the standardization of  fod products offered for sale on the local markets  promoted, better regulation of the commission  houses worked for and encouragement of the lo-  Ical consumption of Fraser Valley Products ever  kept in view. .-J   2  SUB-??.  THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, March 19. 1915.  IS���������lW#il������x  ������5sl_5 Ifesrti Xic^acos-  ���������j ^twjsaise^c^K~'.vcj^������j������4V- k������_������__rt_. -:  Strawberries���������DO'varietics.  Easpberaes���������13 varieties.  Seed Potatoes���������10 varieties.  Descriptive Catalogue FREE  'THE 1AI_S VISW FRUIT FAEM"  II.   L.   Jf/IeGOWNKLIi   8s   SCOT,  Port BurwcLl - - Ontario  ������www-4������������i3lHia' ant q rir. j ^. nr js. j^cv^.1 ^.-mtjti-jl'* tc r������-,7������  Ottawa, Canada  ���������/' P E I:N GL33   &. G U'TH'B IE  v     Barristers -and Solicitors  Clivo  Pria-le. N.  0.  Guthrie  'Purlianiontary Solicitors,  Departmental  Agents, Board of Kail way OomHiir.sione'ra  Mr. (Jlivo Priuglo  ia a luembor of the  Bar   of   Britkili   Columbia.  Citizen Building,   Ottawa.  TJMBER  SALB   X  356  Sealed Tejideni .wilt .be roeeived  by, the. Minister of Lands not. later  tlian. noon- on 'the Ififcli .'day of. April,  1915,. for the pureha.'so of Liconfio X-  356, to cut 14,303,000. foot of cedar,  hemlock    aiirt    b.-jhiain,-.   on ; an.    area  ..."adjoining"  Lot;    !)'2S;    GilfordXlisland;.  :,. Eaiigc . Ou&,-:\ Coast    District.,;. '-V-.  '.,..���������;'���������.��������� j'iyo'.   (5)"/- years'   will Vbo , allowed  . Vfor   reinoyal   of   timber. '       V ''..-:'  X.;.-i?,urth'of'' particulars.'V of ' tlie : -C'iu'of  ^Forester,   Victoria, . B. '--pX> '������������������'���������   V ��������� .-V  , V V;   VxiMBBS .SALE,; X .380 ''',.:; V.  ,"���������'. Scaled:.Tenders, '-will be .recoived by  the Minister, of Lands not later thaii  noon on the 12th' day, of. April', liu'S,  ������������������for"tho' purc.liase. of- Licohcs X 30*0,' to  : cut .4,933,000 'ifcot'. of Douglas fir,"li.eni-  loclc and cedar,'; on an'' area being- expired T. L. 3W.26, Port Neville, .liango  One,.'Coast District. :  Three   (3); years ���������will be allowed for  removal1 of timber.   V     . :  'Further.  p.articuiars    of    the ; Chief  Forester,  "Victoria, Vf3.' C.; ' V V "''.".'���������  BESTEUCTION OF HORSES  IN GREAT WAR TERRIFIC  Germany-' Holding Animals, on Short Rations���������-Canadian  Horses  of Quality  Needed on Battlefield  TIMBER  m  LS X 366  jy.���������iScaled ; Tenders  will   bo  received .-'������������������by;  iitho Ministcir jof: 'Lands not later tliaiv  VVnoon  on ,tho' 1.2th  day ���������...o.f" April, 1.0 l.fj,:  : for the. purchase: of Licence X 306, to.  . V cut 5,800,000 feet of spruce, cedar, hem-  "., lockVand .ba.lsa.ni fir, on Lot 1.101, lying  Vest   of.  Kwalatc ��������� Point,   Range   one,  '   Coast;'District. ;"������������������-.'���������'  .'""���������'':-''���������";"'.  Three (3) yearn \Y.ill be allowed- for  '  .Tcmoyal of timber.       . .'    .  'Further particulars of. the Chi pf Forester, Victoria, 13. C - -; ���������.-.'  . -v    ���������������������������'��������� v   W^mmm^  - -Xx.-V -X$#!_^  ::.'...".    ';   ~- - ������c..* ;������?���������'������.   ^  J ������������������'���������' CAJ)rCSLI,ATI03:7   OP' ..BESBRVB  ;/ VNOTJOE ,IR; HlilRl-lBy GIVlilW.tliat  rthc reservf) coverim; certain 'lands in  ihe'vicinity, of Tjund. and oilier pqinb,  0'i the Straits of fiooryia, by reason  of. a. -notice publkilled in the British.  Columbia CXolle on tluv,S7l;h of 'i.''f.-  ccio.ber, 101)7, is. cancelled ,in. so far  as it ���������-folate, "to Lota X174, 1175, 417C,  417.S. 4179, 4180, 4131, 4182, 41.S4, 41S(i,  ���������41.S7, 41.88, 4189. 4100, .4191, 4102, 4103,  '4:194,-4105, .4190, 4107, 4U)S, 4200, 4210,  4317, 4318X3 I!),. 4.320; 4321, 4322, '1323,  4324,X325,  4:,2(S,  4327/432S, -4:520' -and  ='"43i50"i~TRwv^Wtj|lTffit^  oai|l -Lots"'.'���������vfill be open to entry by preemption   on Tuesday/ the 18th' clay of  ���������May, 19.10, ;at nine o'clock in the fore-,  noon. No Pre-emption Koconl will be  issued .to   include   riioro  than   one  sur-  rveye'd ,IjOt,  ;ind   all   applications- must  l)e made  at  the  office  of  the   Goverw-  nient   Agent  at   Vancouver.  ...-.'   K.   A.  HEN WICK,.  Deputy  Minister  of  Laruls.-  ���������D.cpartin.cnt  of   Lands,  'Victoria, B. O., ���������  March  llth,  1915.  Over bi Europe tlie wholesale  destruction oil horseflesh, has been  terrific-, ���������-Germany is said to Vbe  pretty nearly depleted, and to he  liolding ;;aeh horses as are:not in  rnilJtat.'y service ripon Very short  rations---without gr.iin feed of  aay kind. Belgium's horses, in-  eluding the greater miijority of.  herhe.st-'breeding stock, are wiped out. France has been a very  heavy loser, although it is stated that the best horse-breeding  districts are far removed from the  r.eoncs ol: actual. w(ar, and that  her -best breeding stock is being  caroi'ully preserved. Britain has  drawn heavily upon her horse reserves, . only the best breeding  stoelc being exempt "from the. call  of the purveyor.-   _.".. . ,;  ���������For the needs of the cavalry,  for, the 'artillery, and most of all  ���������for- the transport service, horses  arc being eagerly sought in other  lands.    The Vpurchases   made   in  theXJrjited 'States_haye been very  heavy.    So big have the "orders.  been, that the United States military  authorities  have  expressed  the apprehension that the heavy  buying might prove to be a drain  upon the country of horses that  might be needed for military use,  should, they be required.       The  reply given was, that, so long as  the buying was confined to the  Kind of horses--then being sought,  the result Avould be forthe benefit, rather than the detriment of,  the country.  .. ,'-,.��������� ������������������  Opinions expressed by some of  mir oyyu most reputable horsemen  Vtg ���������|;o;the quality and the land of  horses now being bought for our  owii coutingeht, have' been far  from .'i complimentary. ���������    There is  an opinion abroad that the .'buying might have been much better  done, and the selections-.'better  made. Perhaps to all-oil.this the  same answer might be.given. Farmers and horse breeder:; generally have been none too partial to  the kind of horse needed for either transport, artillery or cavalry. Of the typically popular  kind Canada has' not got too  many. But of horses that would  be immensely serviceable under  the rough conditions of actual  war, Canada has a big supply.  Horsemen know those horses whon  they see them, and the horsef  buyers of Canada know where  to get them. That they could  do so, at a minimum waste of  either time or of money, is too  obvious a fact to be gainsaid.  But the buying has been-: and is  being dones in anpth or way, and  the criticism .arc those oil the  best and the ablest horsemen in  Canada.  Sir   Adam, -'Beck   is -.; without  doubt  sincere- in-- his  determination  to   see  tha't  the Canadians  who go to the front shall be well  horsed.    His.   executive    abilities  are by no means to be lightly discounted." - But, at- the same time,  neither-are'..those' of the horsemen  who   know';' the. horse   bur-fin ess,  whose lifetime interests have been  the fostering of good hors'ebreed-  ing, as well''as a-study ol: horse  .markets,; and who knovv .ijie horse  trade of Cana:da. better-'than anybody-else possibly, -c.oul.dv i   The  opinions and; assi stance  p!'���������  tli ese  men" should be. indispensable   to  our   authorities Vwhc.n.-the'   business   is   ;ohe : of ��������� securin^-Vfrcod  horses for the defence of ..the nation.    V 5 ;  V ��������� :���������  V  ���������v.y -  V  i  Hy<\) -TTT 1��������� _, "* \  km    ~^j  ^y^'^^~^k-y^J2^^--  rg      . Xx?rK       i  Mm  .'���������:.' -W -,":::"-'  '���������sT,k :^X:  ���������.. ':':Vv:.:/;'.:  '^/../���������^ -  ..'���������  y '"���������   -   ^  v*    v..  v     v  ^.v-v^  'i^ft^^xX^r--       --���������~       '^mk^kJJjy^i^/W������%^e%:  CANCELLATION   OF   RESERVE  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that  tlie reserve covering 'certain laiuls iii  the vicinity of Trail Bay, Sechelt, by  rcHKon of a notice, published in the  British Columbia Gazette on the 27th  of ��������� December, 1907, is canccdled in so  far-as it relates to Lota 4292, 4203,  4294, 4296, 4297, .4208, 4299, 4300, 4301.  4304, 4305, 4300, 4307, 4308, 4309, 4310.  4311, 4312, 4313, and 4314, New Westminster Dintrict. The said Lots will  be open to entry by pre-emption on  Tuesday, the 18th day of >tay, 1915.  at nine o'clock in: the forenoon. Xo  Pre-emption Record-will be issued to  include more than one surveyed Lot.  and ail applications must be made at  the office of the Government Agent at  Vancouver.  R. A. REN WICK,  Deputy Minister of Lands.  "'Btipart'mciit' of Lands,  -''iiVictoriav'.B.C.,  .,,i     March-llth,, 1915. ,,        ������������������   .45, 4T-  'WAB WABBLJNGS OF  A BRITISH TAR"  Our readers will be interested  to learn that the many bright  and topical verses which have  appeared from time to time in  The "Western Call will shortly au-  pear in book form under the title  of "War "Warblings of a British  Tar." Mr. W. A. Ellis, late R.  N., the author, has given us pleas-  V ing lines under the different subjects, and no doubt the limited  edition will be eagerly sought  after. Special copies will be on  sale at The Western Call office,  at 25 cents.  ASSESSMENT ATTRACTS  ATTENTIOK TO REG1NI; SASK.  such as the prns<;ut.:.was an opportune   time   to   re-adjust   and  place tlie .anflecirmiorit on- a sound  basis  of  actual  realty values "in  normal times and having so placed it to endeayor to retain that  basis of valuation, and as a pre-  Jiriunary,  a  considerable- number  of the ratep.-xyers, selected as having knowledge of realty values,  were circularized and invited to  .express an opinion as to the value  of. a certain properties indicated  in "various portions  of the  city.  Tho   response to   the, invitation  was, fairly general and the majority of the opinions appear to  lui^beeir baslfd*6n ^retiir^dn^  sideration and expert knowledge  and   are   satisfactory   from   the  point of view of the assessment  department.  The next step was the appointment of a strong assessment  board of five members, four of  whom are private citizens and  not connected in. any way with  the civic administratipn. This  Board will, from the data supplied by the ratepayers and that  in possession of the Assessment  Department, make an initial assessment which will be thrown  open to public criticism and suggestion, and which will then be  revised and a final assessment  made. If it is found that the  system is generally satisfactory  the method of giving effect to it  in 1916 and following years will  be to send to each ratepayer, with  his tax notice for the current year  a map showing unit values of the  then assessment throughout the  whole city and inviting any criticism or suggestions, thus giving  all concerned full information as  to values and an opportunity to  place on record any suggestions  which they may care to make. It  is hoped in this way to obtain an  annual assessment giving general  satisfaction to the ratepayers and  at the same time to give the  greatest possible publicity to the  assessment figures.  It is felt that from the investors' and bond holders' point of  view the assessment is the basis  of the security which the City has  to offer for its bonded indebtedness, and that any system, therefore, which meets with general  approval and produces an assessment undoubtedly based on actual realty values will be entirely satisfactory and will assist in  (Continued oh page  3)  . The new form of assessment  decided upon at Regina has afc  triieted widespread attention, and  many enquiries have been received' from Canadian cities for de-  tails of the scheme. .;��������� A. W. Pool,  finance 'Commissioner for the city  of Regina, when asked for a statement as-to the scheme, outlined  it in th e following words.-:  ' J -have notirXi some comment  in the press, local and otherwise,  to the effect that the new departure in assessment here is by way  of an experiment, -under which  the ratepayers are 'being-, allow-  ed-.y.6^-:0mkeX:hc-v-,:a������s.essnLent-ifor.  this year. This is entirely a misconception, as the .change in system is not an experiment in any  way, but merely an adaptation of  tlie" system, already in vogue in a,  .uiuuber..of the larger American  eiU!\i,"Tni.d which has been proveh  <). suqeess over a period of -year's.  .Neither,-is-it correct that the de-  piirturoyellows, the ratepayers tp  .make..their, own assessment, the  opinions ol:. the ratepsiyers or a  certain number of them being  taken-only as a guide .and check  for ��������� the assessor and assessment  'department-, in arriving at the  assessment.   .  Tins' underlying theory of the  departure is: that the assessment  ligurcs should have the widest  possible .'publicity, both in the  initial imii .final stages of pre-  paratioii. and that, this is a desirable practice"-is, I think, endorsed by practically all, assessment  experts. Regina. has, amongst  ������������������western cities, a name for conservatism in v the administration of  its ihmneoH and city business generally, aruXthe new departure in  assessment is, in my opinion, in  line with its conservative policy.  It is generally conceded that tbe  western cities are now passing  through the same stage of growth  that the cities of the western  States of the U. S. A; passed  through fifteen or twenty, years  ago, consisting of periodic booms  and depressions, the booms being,  generally speaking^ caused by  real estate speculation. Regina, in  common with the other cities of  the western provinces, suffered  from inflation of its realty assessment as a consequence of the  1912 boom in real estate, and  while the inflation was not very  great, it was generally recognized  as being undesirable, and it was  felt that a period of depression  DISTEICT POST OFFJC? NOW BEING COMPLETED ON MAIN STEJSET BY THE CONTRACTORS, MESSES  LEDINGHAM &  ANDERSON  GETTING READY  yCR EASTER  Pots of planted tulips, hyacinths, and narcissus in the house  are pleasant before. Easter. House  plauts do not grow eagerly until  the days lengthen, then those who  "have tried cineraries (Ash Wednesday flowers) j ealcolarias  (pouch flowers), primroses and  primulas, and the cyclamen or  Persian violets, see that they  reach out to the sunshine and. begin to blossom with better heart.  After the middle of March and  into April house bulbs will be at  their best. The potted hyacinth  or lily kept in the dark should  be brought to the light and set  in a dish of. shallow water in a  warm place. It will then bud  rapidly and be ready for the  Easter season. If kept in afcool  place and not too wet after blossoms have come out fully,: tho  flowers will last a long time.  Cold frames may be used to  bring up the bulb garden ahead  of time. The sides of a practical  cold frame should be at least a.  loot deep. It..may be three, four,  or six feet on each side ol: the  t'rame and the glass top to lit.  If there, is a bed or two or  three feet in diatneter, :md th;-  hyacinths "are wanted earlier tha;;  the wind allows, a cold i'tvum-  shelter will hurry them,, Tho  cold frame idea may toe applied  to hollyhocks, poonie:!,' jrweet.-Williams, "or any perennials ' if .-'the.  gardener likes to exjie'rimeSt:  Inclement M.areh (h\.yf, are. tl>T;-r  proper lime to coniitruct hot bci'l  and cold frame .snuarea'-re.r.dy for.  using. The middle, of:'March X  the right time.to."begin cold frame  culture with violets, paiXci, a;:t 1  vegetable plants, wh'i<m must ben  early. ,. -��������� ' ��������� .        ,{V  Begin to tinker afilbwiu* .br,;c y  es on the porch'.. -Try to .;-iv::;|'.  them a sunny exposure. V PnlniX'V  and shade loving plants ought XX  be stationed where there is .no j V  sift and the cool' north '..light X  strikes them.- -. {";*  . Remember that drainage is i,Xjv  most important factor in ,a llpive.Vl^  box. A neighborhood carpenter |X  can make boxes to fit. railings.'  but if a worker prefers to use  his money in plants, ask the grocer to sell boxes to suit yon. He  will eharge 10 cents or twice that  much for the size wanted and  send" it.-.-'-  A love for flowers is a practical asset in education. Every  child ought to have its chance to  grow flowers. The smallest flat  will have one sunny window with  rom for a bo? in wheih gay phlox  candytuft ,and hardy verbenas  can grow. Egg shell gardens,  that is, shells filled with earth  planted with seeds, and the shells  set in a dish or pan, are fine  starters. Let the boys and girls  have them. By and by the shells  =can-be-transforined:to"fiower-beus  or larger, window boxes.  Ask the seedsmen, or write'to:  advertising flower; growers' for  catoliigues. AV groat deal, can 'he-  learned by looking at.,pi.oture���������-and  reiiding (LostiriptLofis.  Owing  to  the  unemploymen  the Guild of St. Elizabeth, an or  ganization which has for its object  the  relief  of  the poor  South= Vancouver, has had man*  demands made upon its resource!  during the past winter and has)  many necessitous families still in  its lists.   In order to provide foij  these   a   patriotic   play   entitle  "The Admiral Speaks, A Call to|  Duty," followed by an .amusin  faree,XMy Dress Bnots," will'b  re rider ed"'7" by ~r Th mulKurX' of y St,  lyiaryV; .parish. South Hill, under  the auyp'icea of tho guild ..at St.  Panl'n -Parish -ITall,-' cl.erv-is street  on. Tuesday  evening,  iVlarch 23,j  at 8.30 o'clock. ''  ���������'^.i-Jf-'X-'Ot-.J.-V  ���������)':->     3 J  '^y  ^^s  msm\  ������������������ o.  ''���������'Th  IV'  Bwen,  {,:Liar;.llll;  ib'le Wolt  ,Un-.  Benin K..  w/ff^rw^c;  1C   }y  H-xo B!ci-p.  f<   1!  <.<  L.  T. T  * / i'-������  kS\V'  .' %Tj,:.:^  by  Yi\  -���������;?'      ������ , ��������� o  Aj'^jkijyjjuj  '"^i  XLX)'  ���������:������������������������> 4i������*-  -,.-,. 2-o >t.���������>���������-:> ,>..;;.->4-v.v.',>..v.������v->-j_. i ;> >, *\> j. <;>������-'>������=S������-4>^S������-*-^"-������ **;i'  ; O +*" '!������������������ * "l> 0 =���������!' -i* * ������������������.' i-'V ������������������������!' * *? * ���������>������������������_'������������������������ ���������> ~l' ���������* %. o~*i< *���������������������������= *-4j.4>-t_������ ���������> ':;.-^-.:;j .������..  ���������.XVXX,:'-r,;'  ..���������- ,.T  r*-!^<W^  t  i  *i  tj  *a  lSV.Jl<.4jc*4._j|  ���������r-'i  '"K   W.'ii    fe  .'"7  i'l  X  '���������������������������.1'������������������'--. "s-:-:-  -rr-  n  d  ������������������V,  ft  X  ^1  5    '  :'|  ".-  -->���������  vr  .'*  '��������� I-1  J0]lvFm.!;H!|  - .���������"-' -. ���������,-,; .^.oo ���������  ������������������      -   ' ^oXSO  -   '���������      -       ..- -li-:-:,4*U  -        -        ^OiO'J  .!..������:.! xj  ^0=  ���������0:  ~)rj Ii'ir Cordwood:$3,1X3 pc^r; load.  \sCM  ���������o' \>������iy,i^  - g.  on.-'Ltd.  ��������� -'���������'���������-  ^������^.������4.������^������4.>^>^������^.������^.*.;. i.^.*^ vvAy^4^*v���������^t^���������.I���������������.4.���������^.������-^<���������-^���������-4J.>^.���������.>���������.^.*4^. :0j:0M^^WS0i0M
Frida,y, "March 19,'JQlX
US YOUR McKingmovi^
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Wellington Coal, Cordwood arid . gainer
������*���-.to* a **n ���������*.��.����������<
laargrsagMn r-W
The Comfort
Morning Dip
says the Comfort
Baby's Grandmother, "what
we'd do without
this Perfection
Smokeless Oil
"If I'd only had one
when you were a
baby, you'd have been Baved many a cold and
croupy spell." -
For warming cold corners and isolatedVupstain rooms, and
for countless special occasions when extra <��� heat is wanted,
you need the .Perfection Smokeless Oil Heattr.
PEliF  m
The Perfection is light, portable, inexpenriTe
to. bay and to use, easy to clean and to re*-,
wick. No kindling; no ashes. Smokeless
and odorless. At all hardware and general
���tores.  Look for the Triangle trademark.
Made in Canada
ROYAUTE OIL U best for all u*e��
THE WiPPtlAl m CO., LimM
New Assessment Attracts
(Continued, from page 2)
maintaining the reputation for
conservatism and sound financing
which, as I have already mentioned, it is believed that Begina possesses, and it is with this in view
that the change in the assessment system has been made.
We can understand the capitalistic scheme of production, because we see it operating every
[)��� day all around us, and we can understand the socialistic scheme of
production when it is expounded
to us with due care; but we cannot understand the man who
wants to work the capitalistic
scheme on socialistic principles.
There are a number, bf such, however. They want the motive of.
business to be of the greatest good
for the greatest number, instead
Confronted with an order for
a bill of goods or an application
to lend a thousand dollars, the
manufacturer or banker considers
whether that will be finally profitable to his concern. On that basis he gives a decision and the
Tnachine grinds. If he were obliged
to consider whether the proposed
business would conduce to the
greatest good for the greatest
numebr, we can imagine him painfully cogitating the subject for
a fortnight and then ordering a
taxicab to take him to the nearest
lunatic asylum.
The corner butcher sells beef
steak because it is profitable to
to him. Imagine him saying to
a customer: '' No,iha 'am; I can't
sell you beefsteak, because there
is more nourishment for less money
in chicken." In the capitalistic
scheme the guide is whether the
thing is or is not profitableon the
longest, broadest view. On the
principle the scheme works, with
such good and evil as we know;
but to throw that guide away and
still try to operate the scheme
would he like putting a sugar refinery 's machinery into an oeean
liner and expecting to get somewhere with the boat.
The. ..management oil the Western'Call is':'desirous of. making
this paper a select home, paper,
to be read. with, interest by every
member of the family.- its .circulation'' is largely south, of liaise
Creek and in-the Mount-Pleasant
district. We ask ail those who
have items of interest to this
community' to send them in for
publication not-Hlater-^ than -Wednesday evening of each week, and
the management will take pleasure in inserting them in the
current issue of the call.
Billy Sunday has advanced ; the;
cause of -local option,:in Pehhsy-
lyari'ia to such.-a-:point that a- real
h a'4. j e-'e'ry.-��� h as gone forth from a
host of 35,0()0 meiv enrolled at the
'Tabernacle . J.ifa helpers of. GoverV
'nor Matti'ji^G-.-'Brun'tehbaugh'/ The,
temperfitiee slogan is,-,''The Man
of Galillfee and the Men of. Philadelphia against the Rum Trade.''
Probably, no other state in the
���union has been So dominated politically by the rum trade as Pen-
nsylvfinia, and certainly no other
city has been so completely disgraced by her boodling, drunken
councils as this very city of brotherly love. And yet Philadelphia and Pennsylvania contain
much of the very best spiritual
elements in the country. Trouble
was they were not united and organized,, whilst the hosts of the
liquor traffic were. Now it-is the
spiritual elements against the
spiritual who have found their
organizer and leader in Billy Sunday.   .
No religious leader that has
arisen- in these days has had the
influence on the country's laws
that canV begin to compare with
that of Billy Sunday, and the
reason probably lies in this that
Sunday has combined the deeply
spiritual with the political issues
as hone of the modern evangelists
have done.
D. L. Moody's movement in
Scotland was -tremendous as: a
temperaftce farce, but it left the
laws oti. making and selling of
liquor entirely untouched.
Sunday, wherever he goes, attacks : the laws that permit the
making of drunkards, and to Billy Sunday's work is due, more
than to > all other, agencies combined, the great bhsweep of - total prohibition in: the U. S.
Pennsylvania, with her spirit-
u al ,f drees united ; as never before, bids fair to sweep the liquor
traffic f.rom her borders, and add
another state t0 the increasing
number of those who demand nation-wide prohibition.        v .',-������
Chicago has at last completed
the union, of her forces for a
Sunday campaign. The main
hindrance appears to have been
Dr. Hardin, pastor of the .3rd
Presbyteri.in church, perhaps the
/host influential pulpit Jn that
great city. Last week Dr. Hardin called his session together
and told them he had changed
his mind as regards the Sunday
meetings. "Two things," he
wi i d, " have influenced me in my
change of ifront. I have been
receiving communications from
liquor journals expressing approval of my stand and classing me
as a friend of the saloon. I am
not willing to be misunderstood
on that point. I am against the
saloon and all that goes with it.
' __ __L'__ s_L a ^L * __L jL __f_ * _JL_^j_L_kj_k._kj_k_AL.^
*9 *%*. 9 *tY 9 *4V *f 9*F T.���   ��� ���   9^^p^mM9^^f**r^
.,.,..��� -XV;
_.' *' ****** *�� -fc *% tlti 4__j_l_.-_b_-_ft^-_l-u.4_L.-__.^_L_k-i_-iAtL ***** a ___i * A *"'*9i 'm. ���!��� *% _fc a _fc _-'_fc _> A'-i'ift i-'Aa11
*��� 99J iT'V'T'W^ve mt'T*T��� T*��� tv������������������������.��� ���f^vyt^T'.
The New Detention Building, Vancouver.;
The new Immigration Building, which completed, will cost well on to $300,000, is now
under construction by the well known Vancouver firm of contractors, Messrs. Snider Bros, and
Brethour. All the partners of this company are Native Sons and have already erected in Victoria
and Vancouver probably the largest number of buildings of any contracting firm in the country.
man opinion as regards religion } come  all  initial, difficulties   and
To protect fruit trees from cold
or heat there has been patented a
frame over which curtains,
mounted on rollers, can be drawn.
A Swiss inventor has obtained
a United States patent for tongs
equipped with a device to hold
them rigid when they have
grasped an object.
The number of telephones in
the United States has increased
fifteen-fold in the last 14 years.
Pulverized street rubbish and
coal tar have been found to make
good fuel briquettes in Auster-
dam. ..   "'
Resembling a hinge is' a new
burglar proof lock in which the
bolts drop perpendicularly into
The government of Brazil maintains a snake farm for the production of serum antidote for
snake bite.
A table to hold toys which can
be converted into a doll, house
has been patented by a Kentucky
inventor.        .
Russia is known to have 28 powerful wireless stations, France
18, Germany 17 and Austria-Hungary four.
.'Water motors have- been designed for - ringing fog bells-to
s;ive the expense of employing
men for the task.
Three asbestos mines have
been opened in China, where extended in tubular foi'm to slip On
the handle of an umbrella or cane
By means of a secret! process a
French scientist converts flowers.
fruit and even animal tissues into
Then I have studied Mr. Sunday's meetings in Philadelphia,
and in other cities, and am convinced he is. sincere and accomplishes wonderful results , for
good." The session unanimously
decided to join the Snrday movement and a mass meeting in the
3rd Presbyterian church in favor
of the Sunday campaign is announced for to-day.
Would it not be possible for
our own religious leaders in Vancouver to revise their opinions as
regards the work of Billy Sunday.
The scriptures plainly show a
great diversity among the instruments used for the instruction
and guidance of Israel. The stated ministry of the priesthood
was supplemented almost continually by the prophet and as the
apostacy. of Israel���priests and
people;���deepened the prophets
were multiplied. A very careful study of the prophets will
show that the language of Billy
Sunday, so often complained of,
is tame compared with the denunciations of the prophets and
certainly the apostacy was no
deeper or more aggressive than
them now.
After all, with the prophet as
with other things, ."the proof of
the pudding is the tasting of it,"
and certainly the communities
aroused, the moral reforms instituted si'nd. the hundreds ' of. thousands of men,-women- and children brought to Christ during the
past 30 years offer a good "tasting" of Billy Sunday's powers as
a prophet in. this peeulair sense
of the word.
The lack of the prophet's voice
:s ouite pronounced in Vancouver. We have ail sorts of. scholarship and the \ery best of hu-
but the prophetic utterance and
fire has been distinctly missing.
The Vancouver religious leaders have not been alone in. refusing Billy Sunday a hearing. The
President of Princeton University
closed the doors of their assembly
hall against the. evangelist two
weeks ago. ��� Dr. Erdman and. his
colleagues of the Presbyterian
seminary there sent Mr. Sunday
an invitation and the doors of the
Presbyterian church, seating 800
people, were thrown open. Sixteen hundred Princeton students
crowded into that little church
just 60 feet away from'the great
assembly hall and at the close of
the meeting 1000 students came
out boldly for Christ.
The main instrument in awakening an interest in the Sunday
meetings' amongst the students
was young Mott, whose father
Dr. John R. Mott, was awakened
in D. L. Moody's meetings at
Princeton university many years
When you add to this.wonder-'
ful story the fact that in the special meeting for Penn. Central R.
?R. employees, attended by over
IO7OOOT m^rBillFSuhlday V^t V60F
stalwart railroaders to take a pub
lie stand for Christ, diversity of
the ministry of this man stands
boldly revealed.
Whether we like his methods
and words or no, thirty years of
constant   ministry   have   proved *|'
secure a visit from the "man
whose coming has marked a period of singular awakening to the
better though unseen things of
Official announcement has been
made that His Majesty has conferred the Order of Knighthood
upon Hon. Francois Lemieux,
Chief Justice of Quebec; Wm.
Price, of Quebec; Captain Clive
Phiilipps Wooley, 'of Victoria, B.
C, and H.S. Holt, all of whom
were among the New Year's honors.   ������+ "     *
11       '   '    '       '��� ������tt
Ordinarily   we   are   not   of   a
doubting disposition, but the recent assertion of a large-browed
scientist that flowers can see, hear'
and sing, leads us to seriously
ponder. Certainly there seems to
be reason for the suspicion that
the scientist must have slipped
on something and got his roses
and violets mixed with ear trumpets and phonographs. Moreover,
it is'in the garden of a summer
night that sweet confidences and
sweeter kisses are usually interchanged   and could flowers see,
hear and sing it is safe betting
that they would be otherwise human enough to run out and tell
it to the whole neighborhood.
I Electric Coffee Percolators;
I   Complete with
f      Cord
$5.50     ^$4.50::
*   (Any B. C. Electric Iron or Hotpoiiit Household �����
f   Appliance Cord can be used with the percolator).  ;'
This Special Price prevails only until March 22nd,
or until the stock of Percolators on hand is exhausted.
The Pet'colators may be purchased at the Company 'h salesrooms or i!rom a number ol: dealers in
them to a degree that ought to[*   electrical supplies troughout the city,
carry  weight .with   all   but  the!*
most obstinate.
Seattle is now busy arranging 14.
for a. Sunday; camp.-i.ign and wcj|,
believe that Vancouver, were her; *
religious   leaders   united   and. ' in | 4
Carrall and Hastings 1138 Granville Street
earnest on-this point, might ovcr-
VANCOUVER'S  FINANCIAI,   CENTRE o.iuwiW-A-������~it-L.*t. ���������.    urvcn<r������������jiu  THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, March 19, 1915.  -  H.H. STEVENS, M. P.  Editor-in-Chief  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFtCE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone; Fairmont 1140.  SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside Canada.  ������I If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  THE OUT-OF-WORKS  AS Spring approaches, the question of work  for the unemployed becomes more and  more acute. Those who remember the terrible happenings in Lancashire during the American--Civil,"War, when close upon 200,000 men  were known to be out of work in that country  alone, will tremble with apprehension. At that  time the philanthropical spirit of. Britain arose  nobly to the rescue,'no less a sum than $8,500,000  ' being publicly subscribed. This fund Was so  well administered that although the distress lasted for a period of nearly five years, $650,000 re-  V mained in the hands of the trustees, and was  expended in the erection of a convalescent home  in Lancashire. Things are different in Canada  ��������� to what they were in England at that time. The  country was not at war, and although prices  were high and the suffering was widespread  people had not been called upon for aid to the  almost innumerable: works of charity that they  are how. "While some of the money subscribed  was used for direct relief, the bulk of it was  invested in public works that commanded the  greatest- amount of individual labor.  It is a fair estimate to presume that at this  moment in Canada there are 100,000 unemployed  Mayor Martin, of. Montreal, has placed .the number of out-of-works in that city at 45,000.     In  Toronto there are known to be half as many. ^  ��������� In the big western cities, especially Winnipeg, *  and Vancouver, there are probably another twenty or twenty-five thousand.   So that we are not'  long in arriving at the total suggested.   It is  not a question of statistics, however so much  as the need for instant, resolute and sustained  action.   Work must be found.   It is not a matter of "I cannot dig and to beg I am ashamed."  Practically all are willing to work.   The trouble  is that they mainly belong to the constructive  trades.   There are. of course, many clerks, operatives  in  factories,  and . salesmen  and  women  among them, but the hardest to be suited are  those   who, have   been   employed   on   bunkers  and railway Works, which are now almost at a  standstill.  ^Xln the face-ofthis-state of affairs-the-land-is  TAX SALES  crying for labor!. One thing that can be done is  to separate the wheat from the chaff and endeavor first of all to employ the wheat, giving  preference as far as reasonable to the men who  have others to support. For this purpose, and  committees should be formed in every city and  in fact for treatment of the whole situation,  town and registration embodying, suitability  strictly kept. Then such public works as are in  any way possible should be proceeded with.  When we arrive at the matter of farm labor  we come to the Very crux of the situation. The  large majority of the unemployed have never  seen a farm except as they have been travelling  past. To another section the work is uncongenial. Unhappiiy, it is frequently shown that  even under stress, men and women will not do  work for which they feel completely unfitted.  But these cannot be left to starve. They must  be employed, but how is a matter for the committee to decide. As to the demand of. the land,  farmers must be appealed to to be as patient  as they can, and to be as lenient and generous  as possible to such laborers as they may obtain.  As has been said over and over again, the times,  are exceptional, and not only call upon us, but  demand of all of us that we shall practice self-  denial and thus bear iii; some measure a share  of the common burden.  ******jf&>******3&^^^  BE PREPARED!  WE again call attention to the matter of the  tax sales of property. These sales'under  the war conditions now obtaining are not  right. If any joint stock corporation, loan company or individual undertook to take advantage  of such drastic clauses contained in agreements  specifically entered, into by the owners of land  there would be an outcry which would bring  quick action. The probability is that there  would be a fraud order against such a concern,  and the mail would be forbidden them.  How the laws which allow these tax sales  have never been submitted to the people to be  f voted upon, neither has the owner of the land  subscribed to an agreement containing any such  drastic clauses.  The land sold is * ruthlessly wasted as to the  owner.  Moreover the land sold belonging to a certain owner is all slaughtered. For instance, a  man owns a piece of. land which has had a  registered plan of subdivision filed against it.  This land is instantly assessed in lots. If in  arrears these lots are sold separately. Even  though the bidding on one lot should bring  enough to pay the taxes on the whole that does  hot stop the sale of the other portions. Every  single lot is sold each for the pittance which- is  against it.  It is a disgrace to the legislature which allows such a statute to remain. Under the present circumstances it is certainly a disgrace to  the municipality holding such sales.  -The feel is, I suppose, that there should be no  mercy on the land speculator.  In the abstract this may be good policy.  But under the present status of the question in  B. C. to take this ground is to take dishonest  ground without question.  It cannot be denied that the people of this  province have encouraged by every means in  their power the speculation in land. Moreover  the people individually and as a whole have  planned to benefit and have benefitted and are  benefitting by the speculation. "  Advertisements, agencies, public and private  sales, fees to the government on every hand, fees  to the legal profession, the surveyors, etc., have  been netted and a great volume of taxes have  been drawn fro mthe lands so sold to speculators  and are  being drawn.  But chiefly the province as such has gone  largely into7 the business. The Prince Rupert  sales, for instance, waa for no other purpose  than tc induce speculation in lots which under  the circumstances must be held by speculators  for the development of the city did not then  and does not now warrant the building on the  major portion of the lots sold.  The Point Grey sales come under the same  category.  Now after individually and as a government  inducing speculation in lots and land to take;-  the ground that the people and government are  justified in cutting off the purchasers is to take  the attitude of men in a confidence game.' We  do not believe that many of the political leaders  of B^C. would think to act thus. But sales of  the property of people who bought in good faith  on the representation of over optimistic B. Columbians, and have tied up. their money here  because now they have no money at hand, because the representations have proven false and  the times have been upset by war and by the  loose business of the people who have ben handling mattrs for the province to say the least, not  playing the game.  We hope the government will step in and call  a moratorium on tax sales.  _If it is possible to find money for railroad  building, and it is the opinion of some that such  money can be found, then it is possible to find  money by the government on provincial deben-  tuser abundantly secured by property on which  taxes are overdue.And as the rate of interest  charged on overdue taxes is so large there should  be no difficulty in paying even the six per cent,  demanded by New York.  Which party are the people of. British Columbia to support; one which has faith in the province or one which has not sufficient faith in  itself to formulate a policy to present to the  electors  Can only be done successfully  through   the   columns  of  the  community newspaper.  THE WESTERN CALL  circulates to the homes of Mt  Pleasant, Grandview and South  ' ���������' -  ��������� '" .'/.:..-.    "V' ��������� VV.  Vancouver.  ' x ��������� . - .������������������.'���������'���������  Phone Fairmont 1140 for Advertising Rates  THE PRINCE EITEL FEIEDEICH CASE  The -action of the commanding officer of the  Prince Eitel Friedrich in sinking an American  merchant ship, knowing it to be such, may have  very serious consequences; is sure to have them,  unless the German government very promptly  and fully makes reparation for the blunder perpetrated hy the captain of the war vessel. The  ill-fated craft was a neutral ship jailing under a  .neutral flag( and carrying a cargo that was not  contraband. It is difficult to understand how a  man supposed to be capable of performing the  task assigned to him could have proved so obtuse in so plain a case, when it should have  been his cue to give every friendly neutral the  benefit of whatever doubt there was in the situation; and he must have beUeved the United  States to be friendly or he would not have chosen  an American port as his place for repairs or internment.   , ./.���������-  There will be no sudden explosion of American wrath over so obvious a blunder, but its  occurrence renders it difficult to feel certain that  similar mistakes will not occur again and again  while the war lasts. Cotton, for example, has  been declared contraband by Great Britain. For  someXime ^ftel' the waOro^^  to help the Southern States to sell their crop,  Britain allowed free trade in cotton even to Germany. The "war-zone" policy on one side and  the virtual blockade policy on the other made  such a trade impossible, and now Great Britain  seizes all the cotton, keept it, and pays for it.  The destroyed vessel was loaded with wheat, but  the market for this grain will probably very  soon be greatly changed by the fall of Constantinople and the consequent freedom of the  Black Sea and its outlet.  Editorial Notes  Carnegie has many reasons for rejoicing.  There were 182 applicants for the position of librarian in St. Catherines.  That German captain who sank an American  steamer, and then ran into an American port  for repairs and supplies deserves an iron cross  for cheek.  *   ���������   ���������   ���������' <.'  A suggested design for a new jitney coin  is a chauffeur rampant with a five-seated car containing about nine passengers.  If Major-General the Hon. Sam. Hughes is  the strong dictator the public imagine him he  v^ould have the sellers of bad boots to the troops  imprisoned long ago.  The word "Chinook" is of Siwash origin and  means a warm wind or hot air, hence the vapor-  ings from South Vancouver.  ^,_TheXMaderiniCanada!A���������andJlMadfein-B..C.X  cries are real loyal cries and those who have  taken them up number many. But what a lot of  those who use the slogan stop at that. There  are people loyal enough in open speech, but when  it comes to buying it is quite a different matter,  where the goods are produced being then lost  sight   of.  ���������  -���������'���������'���������  We may have real spring like weather, but  that will be no reason why you should take  em off."  *  *  *  ���������  t  *  *  *  r--     .V  "    -.���������  Every Canadian should protect himself and  family by carrying a policy in  ������ - _   .  MUTUAL LIFE OF CANADA  Established 1869  "CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL"  For  rates  and  full information see our  agents, or  W. J. TWISS  District Manager  317-319 ROGERS  BUILDING  '  ,x--x-.--x^^������44^^^4H^^>:s"-x~;- * ** * * !���������*****  ..*  *  *  *  * Friday, March 19, 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  \   *  *4*+*+*4*****+*4***4*+*+**4t)4***+***+*4*+*********+*+_  Our Vancouver Kipling  ���������  ���������  i  ���������  *  ������������������  4  W.   A.  ELLIS,  Late B.  N.  v.  >���������������>������������������������������������������>������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������>���������������������������>���������>���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������������?  'M''t''i''|''t''t'4'4''M''i''t'fl''M''l''t''t''l''l'^^fr  " heating Econov^    *  Our Business Ms Imeci built up t>v merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  j  loos Homer St. Sey. 661 J  The  Telephone  ^jxe^A-^vance Agent 0f :'  OOMFOOT ANP CONVENIENCE  /  Forms a closer union of Home,  Business and friends.  U For a limited time, Business or  ,    Residence Telephones will be installed   upon   payment   of   $5.00  Rental in advance.  fl For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  B. C. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  z  Jitney Regulations  The draft of the new by-law to  cover "jitney" traffic by-law are  being considered to-day by the  finance, fire and police committee.  The main clauses drafted by  the city solicitor are:  License fee, $60 for 5-seater;  $80 for 7-seater; $100 for 8 to  10-seater; $150 for cars, seating  morei than 10 persons. License  fees payable -half-yearly in advance. .'-.:..-  j ;-X  Cars not to carry passengers  more than 20 per cent, in excess  of seating capacity.  Jitney routes to be specified in  each case by proper officer of the  corporation and any unauthorized change from specified route  shall be considered an infraction  of regulations.  No jitney route to be specified  on streets now occupied or hereafter occupied by electric railway lines.    ,  Cars to run on regular time  schedule and to stop only at near  side of street crossings, and not  less than 30 feet from same.  Drivers to pass examination.  Cars to be inspected before license is issued and to be subject  to inspection from time to time  during life of licenses.  Suspension   of  Licenses  License to be suspended in case  driver or owner does not comply  with instructions of inspector as  to repairs, alterations, etc.  License to be suspended in all  cases where police signals or in*,  structions are disregarded or for  other proper cause.  All cars -to.-come .to-full stop  at distance of 50 feet before  crossing an intersecting railway  track. "x   .. -'  Passengers to enter and leave  car on left side only.  Interior of cars to be lighted  after sundown when cover is up.  Cars not to stop in middle of  street to take on or discharge  passengers, but must, stop alongside curb and within two feet  thereof.  Owner of each car to provide  and deposit with the city an indemnity bond of $10,000 for protection of passengers.  City to take power to regulate  number of. cars to operate on any  route or street.  Soliciting of fares shall be-unlawful.   -   -  No driver to operate more than  nine hours per day.  0.  P. W. TIME TABW8  HOTEL VANCOUVER  TO OPEN MONDAY  Monday morning next will be  the opening day for business in  the recently completed main section, fifteen stories high and with  three stories below the street  level. Besides the hotel's new offices, the new lobby, new foyer  and oval room, 270 more guest  rooms with accompanying batte  rooms will be ready forvoccu-  paney.  Monday will see a start made  oh the razing of the old Marpole  ying. This adjoins the main section directly to the west, and lies  between it and the Rattenbury  wing which fronts on Howe St.  It will be rebuilt. The hotel offices will be moved into the main  section on Saturday and Sunday  nights.  Mr. W. F. Turquand, manager  of the hotel, announces that several parties of one hundred or  more had booked accommodation  in the hotel for the coming summer. The Woman's City Clubs,  the National Electric Light Association, six of the Gilliespie Kins-  port tours, two Cook's tours, two  Temple tours and the American  Bankers' Association will visty  the hotel. Several smaller parties of less than 100 have booked  accommodation.  DISCHARGES COME  LITTLE HIGHER NOW  Cost $15 if Asked for Within  First Three Months of Service,  and $2.00 for Each Additional  Month.  A soldier enlisting for active  service will not be able in future  to obtain his discharge within  three weeks of enlistment on account of his. wife's objections, or  for other reasons, without paying  $15.00. This is set forth in an  order sent but from militia headquarters.  N.C.O.'s and men of the Canadian Overseas Expeditionary  Force and of the Canadian militia, who apply for their discharge  or whose wives or parents request that they be discharged,  will have to pay $15, if the discharge is asked for within the  first three months of their service; if it is asked after that, $2  a month for the unexpired period  of one year's service will be ad  ded.    ������������������' './ ���������'���������;...   '.''"  Mr. J. M. Cameron, assistant  general superintendent of the  British Columbia division for the  C.P.R., announced approximate alterations in the winter time table  to take effect at midnight on  May"30thr-^"-^i"-"-J^^^^-~-"  Two new trains will figure on  the summer time card. These are  trains Nos. 13 and 14, which were  operated on this division from  Winnipeg in 1913. Another change  will be the extension of the Aga-  ssiz local, as the Hope local, to  Hope for the purpose of caring  for freight and passenger transportation developing from the  construction .of the western end  of. the Kettle Valley railway.  It is planned that completed  sections of the Kettle Valley railway will be operated in connection with C. P. R. trains. Connections with the C. P. R. -will  be made at Midway and at  Spence's Bridge.  H,********+****4**+******4>(**+4*******4***4*********+  I! BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES+  f,4      v   ��������� LIMITED  Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters, +  Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe and *  Pipe Fittings.  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  _t   Phone: Sey. 8942. ,...-���������     1101 Dominion Building. |  ******4*****4******������******4***********************4*k  *  , What Ru������sia Oaini  The loss of 500,000 men in war  can be made good in less than ten  years through complete abstinence from alcohol by all the inhabitants of Russia. This is not  the statement of. some professional temperance booster; it is the  estimate of Arthur Hunter, actuary with the New York Life  Insurance Company.  CANADA'S EXHIBIT  IS GREAT CREDIT  Dominion's Building at Panama  One of the Best of Eighty-  Four Structures  txxbeb asoounon  Governing Timber on Dominion lands  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the  North West Territories, the Railway  Belt in the Province of ^British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres Located by the Dominion  in uie Peace River District in British  Columbia.  Xloenses  A license to cut'timber on a tract not  exceeding twenty-five square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of $5.00 per square  mile, per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Yale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of  5 cents per acre. In. addition to rental.  dues are���������. charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section 20 of the  regulations.  Timber Vermlts aad Dm*  Permits may be granted In the, Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan- and  Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile in extent, on payment of dues/at  the rate of 60 cents per thousand feet,  B.M., and subject to payment of rental  at the rate of $100 per square mile, per  annum. ;  Timber tor XodLesteaders  Any occupant of a homestead quartet  section having no timber of his own-  suitable for the purpose may, provided  he has not previously been granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut the quantity of building and  fencing timber set out in Section 61 of  the Regulations. '  W. W. CORY,  Deputy of the Minister of the Interior.  Mr. John T. Stevens has been  requested by a number of citizens interested in temperance and  moral and other* reforms to take  the field as an independent Conservative in the provincial campaign-with a view-of-promoting  more advanced legislation for tne  regulation of the liquor traffic,  and the suppression of other evils.  He has promised to consider the  matter.  "Nature," observed the philo  sopher,   "always  tries  to   make  compensation.   For   instance,   if.  one s eyesight is lost  the  sense  of hearing grows more acute."  "Faith," replied Pat, "I be  lieve you're right, for I've noticed that when a man has one leg  shorter the other is always  longer."  The Canadian building at Panama Exposition is one of the finest of the eighty-four structures  erected by American states and  foreign nations. At the first  glance one is struck by the combination of dignity qnd good taste  in its appearance, for both in its  composition and by the use of  '' Travertine " ' stone effects for  columns and outer walls, the architect brought the building into  harmony with the exposition  structural scheme. With its double rows of fine Corinthian pillars  that lie couchant ^-before the  doors, its appearance may well  cause any Canadian a thrill of  pride. It has the additional advantage of facing toward the  Golden Gate/Standing under its  wide portico, one may see the  coast liners from Vancouver and  Puget Sound heave slowly in and  out.  Above the game exhibits in the  building, colored transparencies  set forth familiar Canadian  scenes; stock farms of Quebec  and Ontario with prize herds of  Durham, Hereford and Poll-Angus cattle; golden wheat fields,  orchards, gardens, saw mills and  lumber camps, and the massed  logs behind the boom in a "river  drive"; great lumber sleds, piled  tier above tier with tons of logs.  One cannot walk the length of  the aisle without learning more  of Canada than could be learned  in a year of. steady reading. At  its end one passes through groves  of coal, finished lumber exhibits,  cases of mineral ores, asbestos, et  al., in all their forms from the  crude ore to the finished products.  Walking down the western  aisle, one turns at an apple orchard seen across the stretch of  green turf, Apple picking is in  full blast, and the large glass  jars and show cases which line  both sides display fruits, fresh,  canned and preserved, that would  do honour to sunny California.  It would be quite easy for the  visitor  to   imagine   that  he,fc������4,    w. ���������._unau,.nor������M    publication    o<  made  a  mistake  and wandered;this advertisement win not be-paid for  into the state exhibit of this land '"������������������ ������������������   of fruits. I    '  Above the cases in long recesses are placed, splendid oil portraits   of   Canada's   rulers   and  leading statesmen.. On one side  King Edward the Seventh   and)  Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal respectively flank the portraits  of.   King    George    and    Queen  Mary.   Opposite them, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Sir Robert Borden  and the late Sir John A. Macdonald appear, with the Duke and  Duchess of Connaught.  Specimens of the wheats, grains  and other products of the north*  west form part of this exhibit.  .Others.^are.^to^".be- seenXn-the  aisles, sometimes in the form of  pictures that reproduce the varied operations of western life.  And there are other things to be  seen, too numerous for recapitu  lation, the equal of anything here  described. Taken in all, Canada's private exhibit is something  for all Canadians to be proud of.  It can be summed up best in a  remark made by a New, York  man: "Say, this makes the best  of our state exhibits look like  ten cents i_i a fog!"  ���������YVOPSXS OV COA&  BBOTOATKOVB  Coal mining rights of the Dominion,  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and In a portin of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term of twenty-one years /at an annual  rental of fl an acre. Not more than  2669 acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made  by the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district in which  the rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and ln unsurveyed  territory the tract applied-for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5, which will be refunded If the rights applied for are not  available, but-not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of 6 cents  per ton. -_��������� ..*���������  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being > operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  ���������: The lease will include the coal mining  rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever, available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the  rate of 110.00 an acre.  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior. Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORT.  ���������'.���������'���������������������������'.. Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. p.���������Unauthorised,   publication    of  iJ_k������  m-,.&  "BOUQH   ON   BATS  rats,    mice,    etc.    Don't  clears   out  die    in    the  house. 15c and 25c at drug and country  stores. t.f.  WASHINGTON. P.C.  *-*********_ "'    '���������   i ������������������ ���������   ii     ���������    -      '������������������_rm_������*w������������������������������������-     ���������    ���������   TI4CWHIT.  NOUSC  THE HOUSE OF AMERICAN IDEALS  HOTEL POWHATAN  IS  NEW.   FIREPROOF.  EUROPEAN.  RESTFUL.       REFINED.       REASONABLE.  Rooms with detached bath,        $ 1.50 per day ap    V  Rooms with private bath, $2.00 per day op  SCENES IN  HOTEL POWHATAN  Booklet & Map on request.  LISKAKT   Of CONGXCSS     V^   J  E. C. OWEN  Manager  Phone Seymour 9086  If yon require anything in our  way of business���������Real Estate,  Rent Collections, Loans, Mortgages, Fire Insurance, Wills, Executor, Conveyancing, Agreements for Sale, Notary Public  Deposit Boxes, etc.. etc^���������call  upon  us.  Personal Service is Our Keynote  Dow, Fraser Trust C  122 Hastings St. West  and   McKay   Station,   Burnaby  0  PUBLIC SCHOOL DESKS  SEALED TENDERS, superscribed  "Tenders for School Desks,"  will be received by tbe honourable the Minister of Public Works  up to 12 o 'clock noon of Thursday,  25th day of March, 1915, for supplying the following desks:  Single Peaks  Size No. 3 250  __^ize_.Nq,_^^._^���������.������������������.;^.���������..25ai__=!_  Single Heart  Size No.  2 ....100  Size No. 3   i  50  Size  No.  5     25  The desks are to be quoted at a  price   per   desk.  The name of the desk and maker  to be mentioned in tenders.  Delivery at Victoria, or Vancouver  on or before 31st day of July  next.  The successful tenderer will, free of  any additional charges, store the desks  and pack or crate ready for shipment to places to be hereafter designated from time to time to the order  of  the  Department.  No tender will be entertained unless  accompanied by an accepted cheque on  a chartered bank of Canada, payable  to the Honourable the Minister of Public Works, or by cash, in the amount  of two hundred dollars ($200), which  will be forfeited if the party tendering decline to enter into contract when  called upon to do so, or if he fail to  complete the  contract.  Cheques ' of unsuccessful tenderers  will be returned upon signing of contract.  The Department is not bound to accept the lowest or any tender.  J. E. Griffith,  Deputy Minister of Public Works  and Engineer.  Department    of    Public    Works,  Victoria, B. C, 4th March, 1915.  Mch   23.  LAND ACT  New   Westminster  Land   District,  District of Texada Island.  TAKE NOTCE that I, Joseph A3tley,  . of Vancouver, occupation engineer,  intend to apply for permission to lease  the following described foreshore for.  docking purposes: -Commencing at a  post planted about one and a half  miles from the southern point (on the  east side) of Texada Island, [thence  following the shore line in a northwesterly direction to the'head of an  unnamed bay (henceforth to be known  as Astley Bay), thence following the  shore line around the bay to the east  side, thence south-east for about 750  feet.  Dated   January  20th,   1915.  JOSEPH   ASTLEY. ���������>���������  THE WESTERN  CALL  .V/Fri(1 ay;,flfer eh'Vl^V 1915.  <*������^-^>^^>^������^hs'W^^**h^ ' PRIM ARIFS ON  a_aB������- '^"'  ��������� ���������������������������"������������������-������������������������������������ ���������-���������������������������->��������� -������  |  Mount Pleasant Li very  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dt-ay-    Hacks and Carriages  , ut :ill hours.  Phone FaSrmmnti &$i&- ..  Corner Broadway aud Main' A. F. MeTavish, Prop.  4********* * * ** ** *********** **************4********&.  '*  f  t  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  RULES OF HAGUE TRIBUNAL  BROKEN BY COMBATANTS  May 18th celebrated in. Canada, the United .'States'and Great  Britain in the schools, this being  ,the anniversary of the first meeting of the .Hague court, perhaps  the most important and far-reaching one in the world.  The Hague court which met in  Holland in 1907 and which meets  again in 1915, is composed of the  accredited     representatives     of  forty-five    millions.   This   court  has made certain laws to govern  warfare which aim at saving life  of those not actually engaged in  fighting and of protecting trading  ships. . Poisonous gases may not  be used in warfare; bombs may  not be dropped from balloons;  fighting mines and the use of ex-  and prisoners of war may   take  refuge in neutral countries. Many  other laws were made providing  for the safety of the postal services, of fishing boats, and for  the humane treatment of captured crews.   Other important points  were gained, but the one of the  most value is that which proclaimed the belief in the principle  of obligatory arbitration. That is  to say, all countries being allow  ed to go to war shall first submit  tfceir name to a permanent world  coifrt.  This latter point, while no* carried, b*i only beeu delayed await-  ing a unanimous decision Regarding the representation of judges.  These laws and recommendations  bave given'rise to many questions  one of the most interesting and  profitable being whether the Hague court needs a world police or  a world army to enforce its decrees.  The school children will understand tbat the wish of. these  forty-five nations-is-to^ form-a  law-court whereby two nations  can go to law and have their  case adjudged upon the same  ground as two people can go to  law in this city. If either nation refuses to obey the ruling  of the world court, then the  world army or the world police  will enforce the ruling.  Nowadays when a war is over  there is a concert of powers to  make settlement between the parties, but the new idea is to use  the force of the nations for a settlement in advance, in that "prevention is better than cure."  "Why should the affairs of Bulgaria threaten the peace of the  world or paralyze its commerce,  as happened recently! Nations  should not be allowed to settle  a quarrel by three instead of by  reason in that their act is often  world-wide in its desolating effects. Wellington, England's  greatest general, once said, "take  my word for it, if you had seen  but one day of w^r, you would  pray to Almighty God that you  might never see such a thing  again.  The ideal, then, before the nations for the twentieth century  is that of a "World without  War." That this shall be accomplished there can be little doubt,  in that the world progresses, and  because arbitration is a quicker,  more rational, simpler, and cheaper method of settling international disputes than the slaying of  thousands of men. All school  children should try to grasp the  fact that our army as at present  existing, while, a necessary evil, is  only a temporary -one. They  should also learn1 .that the , true  patriot is not he who helps to destroy a city by bomb shells, but  lie who helps to build it by the  strength of his good right arm.  We do not know the name of the  man who invented the plough, or  where he lived or died, but we  know that he did a million times  rhore for the world than all the  conquerors and so-called heroes  who have drenched it with their  blood. In reading history, the  students should not allow themselves to look upon war as a  glorification of a nation, but as  its1 due misfortune. The conscience of. humanity is changing  on this subject, even as it changed on that of slavery. In reading the newspapers, students  should bear in'mind that the  expression "readiness for war"  has become an empty one in that  the insane competition between  nations makes this an impossibility. What I mean may be more  easily explained by the following  linesX:  "The Kaiser built another ship  And Johnny Bull two more.  The Kaiser built two other ships  And Johnny Bull built four.  The Kaiser then, four vessels built  And so on o'er and o'er,  Which left them both as you can  V"   see   .'���������������������������'"  Bight where they were before."  It was a realization of the folly of this process which caused  Mr. Winston Churchill, our British war lord, to ask Germany to  join us-in a truce or holiday from  building war ships.  All good and sane men deplore  the monstrous evil of war and  have longed for its cessation.  Some have made prophecies about  a golden age when men.,shall  beat their swords into ploughshares, and now, in our times,  these glorious prophecies hid fair  to be realized. A latter-day prophet, one Alfred Tennyson, of.  England, wrote these splendid  lines:  "For I dipt into the future, far  as human7 eye could see  Saw the vision of the world, and  all the wonder that would be  Till the war drum throbbed no  longer, and the battle flags  were furled,  In Parliament of Man, the federation of the world."  Another poet with the vision  has said:  "And  peace  to  the   cobwebbed  cannon,  In peace as brothers say  While the ships of a white squadron  Ride on to a fairer day,  And health to the unknown Father;  To the universal plan  And the,law of a kindred children  From  the  Straits  to Hindoo-  stan."  FRIDAYNIGHT  ? The Vancouver Conservative  Association has arranged to hold  its convention on Saturday evening, March 20, at 8 o'clock in the  Conservative headquarters, corner Granville and Dunsmuir1 Sts.,  for the. purpose of selecting candidates to contest the Vancouver  city electoral district at the'forthcoming provincial election. The  primaries to elect delegates to the  convention- will, be held on Friday evening will be held on Friday evening . March 19, at 8  o'clock, at the following places:  Ward One���������Smaller Pender  Rail, corner Pender and Howe  streets.  Ward Three���������Orange Hall, corner Hastings and Gore'Avenue.  "Ward Pour���������Seymour School,  corner Harris and''Glen  drive.  Ward Five���������Odd Fellow's Hall,  corner Main street and 6th'.'Ave.  Ward Six���������Old Chalmers'  .church,' corner 7th avenue and  Hemlock.  Ward Seven���������Finnish Hall,  corner Clinton and Harris Sts.  Ward Eight���������Ash Hall, corner  Fraser avenue and Twentieth, ave.  All Conservatives, whose names  appear on the last revised voters'  list for the Ward in which such  primary is being held are entitled  to vote for delegates or be elected a delegate.  TROUBLE  OVER MANN  CUP  Understanding Is Urged Between  Trustees and C. A. L. A.  President A. E. Hay don, of the  Canadian Amateur Lacrosse Association, announced that the  Mann Cup is in a fair way to be  placed in a similar position with  reference ,to the C. A. L. A., as  the Allen Cup is with the C. A.  H. A. On that assumption, it is  held that the present trouble over  the Mann cup is likely to be settled to the satisfaction of the  governing body in lacrosse, and  the cup will stay in British Columbia. In furtherance of. the  amicable arrangement President  Boyd has written Sir Ponald  Mann urging the promotion of an  understanding between the trustees and the C. A. L. A.  BANK OF VANCOUVTO  TO W5 WOUJW) UP  Instructions have been issued  from Ottawa to the immigration  authorities that all Chinese who  have registered out since April  1, 1914, or who may register out  before August 1, 1915, may prolong their return to Canada without in any way prejudicing their  right to free re-entry until six  months after an order-in-council  has been published in the Canada Gazette ,declaring that a  [state of war no longer exists.  For Sale or For Rent Cards, 10c Each  A petition to wind up the Bank  of Vancouver, has been filed with  the Supreme Court by Messrs.  St. John and Jackson, solicitors,  acting on behalf of Benjamin  Banks, a Vancouver business man  who was a depositor for $1,220.50  at the time the bank suspended  payment on December 15, 1914.  The petition will be heard on Fri-  day.,.____i._^^;_,v.,^,^.X^_^_;=_  Under the Bank Act, a bank  has three months after stoppage  of payment in which to resume  operations. Failure to resume operations within that period is taken under section 126 and other  sections of the act, as an admission of insolvency. The failure  to pay within the ninety days is  cited in the petition as evidence  of insolvency.  The petition asks that Mr. G.  L. Smellie, manager of the Canadian Permanent Mortgage Corporation be appointed, by the  court as liquidator, and suggests  that April 22 be set as the date  for hearing all parties interested  in the appointment of a liqudator.  WOUU) OUBTAH.  LONG SPEECHES  AT   WESTERN   CALL   OFFICE  The limitation^ of, parliamentary oratory is sought by Mr. H.  H. Stevens, of. Vancouver. He  has given notice of a resolution  iii the Commons providing for  the appointment of a special committee to consider, and report on  the question of limiting all  speeches to forty-five minutes in  regular sessions and twenty minutes when the House is in committee- of the whole, > excepting  in the case of movers of a bill or  resolution and the reply thereto,  or in the case of a Minister of the  Crown and of a member replying  to a ministerial speech.  ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH  Cor.  Broadway  and  Prince  Edward  Si  Services���������Morning Prayer at 11 a.m.  Sunday School and Bible class at 2:8'  p.m.  Holy Communion every Sunday at 8 a.:.  Evening Prayer at 7:3<it p".m.  and 1st and 3rd Sundays at 11 air:  Rev. O. H. Wllsoa, Hector  A  BEAUTIFUL .VISTA   FEOM'THK   NORKH'- SHORE   OF  BUBllAK'O.  INLET     '; ,���������-;"���������  I'LL SHOW   EM!  I've   stopped   the   paper,   yes   I  .'.- .have^ . --J ._..  I didn't like to do it,  But the editor he: got too smart,  And I allow he'll rue it.  I am a man who pays his debts,  And will not,be insulted, ;  So when the editor gets smart,  I want to be consulted.  I took, the paper 'leven years  And helped him all. I could, sir,  But when it came to dunnin' me,  I didn't think he would, sir;  But that he did, and you can bet  It made me hot as thunder;  I says, "I'll stop that sheet,  I  will,  If. the durn thing goes under."  I hunted up the editor,  Arid for his cunnin' caper  I   paid   him    'leven   years���������and  . quit!-      ,.:- .. V  Yes, sir, I stopped the paper!  park mm  The filling in of Kitsilano' beach  and the cleanmg up of the point  overlooking the CT.itra.jice to'False  (Tree iXi s~raX fffca t Xi up wcM(SittV  Acres  of  clean  sand  takes  the  place   of   the.   poj.iotkrtis   swamp"  which formerly ���������stagnated, in the  hollow.'' Probably  the  sand, lias-  soil   enough   to   hear   grass.    In  any case it'is'a.healthful change.  The clearing of the stones from  the beach, makes it' ideal for bathing.  Altogether Kitsilano beach now  equals for bathing or promenade,  the beach at English. Bay.,  The dredge is still, busy in False  Creek filling in the fl������at above  Main street, and deepening the  channel of the creek."' It is refreshing to see that beneath the  stagnation of business, confidence  in the city is retained and the  undercurrent of essentials are  moving on.     ,  Stanley Park improvements are  striking. The cleaning up of  large areas at both main entrances give the impression of  finish which previously was lack-  Tangle wood beauties, such as  nature prepared for us in the  park, find their chief charm as a  rule in being set in contrast with  the finished beauties of the surroundings. .The drawback has  been in this case that most of  the province consisted of. tangle-  wood nature beauties, and therefore, the contrasts was lacking.  The finished spaces on the contrary come as a relief. Yet we  should not care to see the clearing carried too far.  A civic ferry from the civic  pier at English Bay to. the eivic  pier at Kitsilano would be a boom  this summer which would be appreciated and which would pay.  A ferry for persons only, of  course.  |     W. Calder /     0ffice Telephone: Sey. f���������.  .>    F. Chapman 5SM4  9������ ' **  i    Merchants Cartage Go.  V :     EX PRESS VtEUCE AND DRAY;'    : X.  *    Orders by Mai)  or Telephone  Promptly Attended to. V-'-';-  *  *  ;#  ���������'  ��������� .:reed ami sales'stixbios:. . 1.46 Water Street'  I    -���������:������������������ .��������� 716 Cambie"Street.      Phone Sey. '3073 ; VAMOOUVKR, R: C.   *   I  * V .���������> ..���������   ��������� V. ./- '.���������"���������������������������X     f  *4**+*>*>**:*>*>*>*+*>������i*Q*),**+c.'-*****tt  4+4+4+*+***j*******<l><r*Z'<>*<> *������Z* ���������*'*-������:<|������<''t������������������'4ii^������gi^V5-^^*^V������2������-4>t5i-������^'****  1 Chew Your Foo&.  4f^_-i!_^r.iTK^xsti*  ^sjnBSsaxiJ������t*jn-oa6r������Kc3.'_S_vi  [^vboltv;IT::dgi  z. Kmzzs txiaaxXrAa lxawio  ���������II  If Shelly's AX Bread is so delicious tile'kiddies arc j  temptedto swallow :it in chunks. 'Have them *  chew "their.-bread, as well .as other foods'. Shelly'sf  4 X Bread is rich in gluten, thus its nourishing" *  i .     value.   It is sweet and delicious.   Try.a slice and  <���������  I       chew it for nourishment and flavor.. ;,  V  |   f Phonel^airmont '44, and. ask us to deliver to your -*<:  door, or ask your grocer.  react!  *4^4+4+*****+*+'^'^<f*****+*^^',**^*.****+i  *  Jifl  AT HOME  mMH4fm^m*i���������   - -���������*   AT' THE CLUB  ..i.^Vi^, i^i*;:.'iav,*'J4_i  AT THE HOTEL  *mt.: _-.v_.  Ask for  Wilkinson's  I  The Health������diving  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes  THE HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY  SOLE  IMPORTERS  i Friday, March 19, 1915.  THE WESTERN   CALL  Don't Procrastinate���������Plant Soon  , The British Columbia Apples, in a world competition, captured the  Gold Medal Prize. This means, that the B. 0. orchards will lead the world.  A  word   to   the   wise   is   sulucicnt.  We arc oileriiig choice vaiietics of our one year old apple tree stock  at Ten Uollars. per 3 00; two and three year old stock redueed accordingly.  Our other fruit tree stock and ^onojal nuihcry Htock we give 30 per coat, oil  catalogue price, allowed in additional slock.    Oaali   to accompany order.  ,In ouy m{ oik ol ��������� ove/- $ 100,000 wo have everything -.you want to make  your orchaids yciler and yoiu wardens moro beauLii'ul. Catalogues mailed  free  on   appiic iiij_i. t   .  Patrojn/o  Jiomo   ^rowers,  and build  up  a home  pay  roll.  imY&L k-imiB������/&{/$:&��������� limited  Head OflL-e, 710 .Dominion ]JJclLr., 9,0'/ Barti-togs St.   W. Phone, Sey. 5556  Efcoro, 2410 Cirtuvsille Si,., Phone, J8ay. 1926  Nurseries aud rircenUousos, lloyal, on  the li, C. 13. Ey. Eburne Branch,  ' Phono, j-.ihur.tio 43  ******>l"i"s������'~>  J. Dixon  House Phono: Hay. 8H6  *  *  ,* ���������  I  ���������i  *  *  *  !  *  *  *  t  ..*  *  ���������*.���������  G. Murray  House Phone: Bfty. 1137 L  "'��������������������������� '' CMficc Phone:  . Scyraour;''8765'-876r������       X  X. DSXOIN .&'MURRAY../' '  Office and Store-Fixiwre naiHifacturers   . ,  ,G:Jobbirjj>'Carpenters   ;.   '-  ���������   vPaiiii_i!ig, Piipcvhai3j>-i3:i^ arid KaKsoniining '  Shop" '10S5 .Dtiwsj'miii' St; Vancouver, B.C.  v<x--vc-v:v--:--:--':>."--."W^^  ���������.-T-lLJSk&T.. MS?'  ���������^ipivr y!   ft   r-ryi  iiiAl  LEE .BUiLDIHG^'.V'.  '169 BROADWAY E.  A  complete   line  ol:'Old Country  Newspapers,, <*ilso  the  lead-  ���������   ing'.Eastern ^Canadian -'and���������������������������American   Papers. .   .  ;:_Free,'; .B|elivery   Seattle; Sunday .Papers  -���������:-XxXX��������� -Maff'amnesX'v. :���������������������������'.������������������'./������������������ :���������'.'' V.      V  :c; 5V2^jrt-iTj*cn-T>i r.u  h '*****.Z~lr>l"'i'**'l<''.:  .;.������;..,;..:..;..:,.������..r.^^^..>^^.,i^..:..%.;..^^.:.^^^..J.4.  ���������      ' / ' '"-    ���������  ������������������-. ���������������������������'.-������������������ *  -sfiiren iiiaisrs t  Artistic in.design.1  .-'-Perfect';'in VfiuishlV  ���������Mado in -Canada.;'  TayEor^F.Ofbes' Co.'!  v.;      hmirko  '������������������:,  ;Va!3Co.u'vfcr,\ B. C.  ^���������^v-vo^v.>.:;v-i-'>^^^^<4^<.44>^^:^-c-^^������5-������;'������i'^>:  OTTAWA SENATORS WILL  BATTLE WITH MILLIONAIRES  Three Games Next Week for World's Championship-  Cup Has Only Been West Once in Twenty-  One Years  ATHLETICS'  INFIELD  J/ SOGH BASEBALL HBSTtJKT  'Philadelphia's   Stars > Say.. They  Will Hot Play This Season  -v If JV Fratiklin Baker, of the  Philadelphia Athletics, adheres to  his determination to drqp biase-  ball in favor of farming, Connie  Mack's famous infield will pass  into history/'. Following closely  upon the sale of Eddie Collins to  the Chicago White Sox, it appears as-though-this remarkable  ���������combination of players was broken beyond reassembling or rebuilding. Mclnnis and Barry remain, but the :probability, of find"  ing among the Athletics recruits two players capable of  filling the places of. Baker and  Collins and bringing the infield  machine up to its previous standard appears extremely remote.  "'"A"quartette" of players"of the  calibre of Mclnnis, Collins, Bar-  . ry and Baker, playing for several  years in succession in the same  positions xipon the same team is a  combination not duplicated in a  'baseball generation. Manager  Mack was some years in assembling this hard hitting, accurate  fielding and throwing .machine,  and it was not until the season  of 191.1 that the' Athletics', inner  line of.defoue'e began to "work in  its most efiXXvc! jnniinor*. Collins  ;joine,d th'ti team in 3.907, and-was  followed'- by VBarry a year later.'  ] n 1909 McTniiis. and. Baiter also  donned A;lhletic uniforms,, and  'the -1:l()0^0()0 infield was in .the  .making. ";-. .-, . X  Mclnnis was still shifting.about  the inner defence, and Harry Davis was playing- the initial base.  In 1910 Mclnnis succeeded Davis,  and fromXthat time until the  close of the' world's series of last  season, the quartette worked regularly, except when illness or injuries temporarily broke up the  combination. . It was between  1910 and 1914 that the Athletics  travelled their fastest, as their  record of winning four out of  five pennants shows. The calibre  of the quartette is proved by the  average of the players in both  batting and fielding for the period between 1909 and 1914.. The  regular season record was: Bat-  ting. 311; fielding, .953, and the  world's series/ figures; Battinb  .271; fielding, .958.  Students Want Football  Columbia University students  have voted in favor of the restoration of football, which was  abolished'in.1905.    it was estinr  ui<ui il-al; ju'aiiy 1,000 members  o iXii e; un c i c virv;\.' In .ate. -body voted,  a-;i'i'I thai.- only five were against  1,'ie   |M'0|)(.vsal.  m*te*zxwinn*j������n& i������^t^ .*.->:  r.JIK. JO������j*nA'^t"'Z\<-LjA"f.**,/2i*^*t4*K (":-������ nttfrottWnMIWMl  WW"  Xi/  _r wy/: x  l J-ilJ:,  'XX-^ *'V  ������������������ ���������- ���������r^rc^tl' - %-it-**-**-:*  MEW  -    feX > X-x[y  ts.  by - pfese'nl.i.ng your good ���������  wii'e with an up-to-di!,l;e .  motor warming ..machine and  ���������:.:;-..Vv;;- V'X-'-vXSXXfg!;S5;^gto^-.  ^���������..^..^;._^-^pr^^ svriiiget:; owe of  sr/y/y -kJ^/^0^^  v-pX;:'-'':'^^CJjy^3$������m  :,l','-'c'""-'    : ���������hM^0&k^f$?M  ��������� .vM'ixxx^X  ������  iiirs will   [)'leaBc her.  Wo liavo a cotni.dete stock.  /:���������  '���������'-  vj  I  t<  iJ If 1 I  *:/       1.:! v.". I K  0!'   Clo&fts ��������� -Bry-arri,   Wa;?h-  boards. Wa:-h Boilers, Tubs  1  ���������and CioXes Pins.  "We  deliver proiriptly.  The Ottawa Senators, champions of the National Hockey Association, will arrive here tonight to battle with Frank Patrick',s millionaires, champions of  the Pacific Coast League, for the  championship of the hockey  world, and the Stanley Cup.  The series will go to the  team winning three out of five  games, and the first three are  scheduled for March 22, 24 and  26V Should further games be required to decide the championship other dates will be selected.  It has been decided to play two  of the-three games under western  rales, so that, the Senators will  be handicapped by the experiment, as they have been accustomed to play a; g the six-man  .game)' hut on the other hand this  may be a handicap, .to.: the'westerners.' Eastern fans have iristal-.  led the Ottawa'.seven to five fa-  fovites for the opening game on  Monday night.V ���������       ���������      :  The. probable lineup under the  western rules will be: Vancouver,  goal, -Lehman';'.point, F. Patrick;  cover point, Si Griffis; rover, Taylor ; forwards, Cook, MacKay and  Nighbor. X  Ottawa���������Goal j.' B en e diet ���������������������������'point,-  Ross; cover'point,- Merrill; rover,  Broadbent; forwaT'ds, Gerrard,  Darragh. Dufonl.  There are leu players in the  party, which is now en route  under the management of Frank  Shaughnessy, business manager of  the Ottawa "hib. Cpach Alf.  Smith and 'fj-ainer Dolan are also  in the party. The Senators Avill  get the kinks out of their systems  on Saturday afternoon at the  arena. The Easterners are bringing the Stanley cup along with  them., so that even if th������ Millionaires do not win enough  games to keep the trophy here,  the fans will have" a .look at it  anyway. '  \ Cooper Smeaton and Tom Phillips will be the officials in charge  of. the games. Smeaton is an eastern man, and the games under  the eastern rules will be in his  charge, while Tom Phillips will  have the seven man games under  his eagle, eye. Their appointments have been confirmed by  the officials of the hockey associations, so that .there-will,be-no  hitches later on.  There has been an unusually  heavy demand for tickets for the  series at Harry Godfrey's, and it  is   expected   that   the   greatest  hockey crowd ever "seen in    the  arena will be on hand.  The Stanley Cup was first offered for competition in 1893,  and during.that time it has only  been west of the Great Lakes  once, when the Victorias of Winnipeg beat the Montreal Shamrocks in 1901. and the Wellingtons of Toronto the following  year. It is as famous in,the winter sport as the Minto Cup is in  lacrosse.  Winners of the Stanley cup  since 1893 are:  1893���������Montreal Hockey  Club.   '  1S94���������No match.  1895���������Victorias of Montreal.  1896���������-Victorias of Winnipeg beat  Victorias of Montreal. Victorias  of Montreal beat Vietorias of  Winnipeg.'. '   ".r'-    , ���������:  1897���������Vietorias of Montreal beat  Capitals of Ottawa.  .1898���������No match.  1899���������Vietorias of Montreal beat  Victorias of Winnipeg.,  1900���������-Shamrocks    of    Montreal  beat Victorias of Winnipeg.  1901���������Victorias of. Winnipeg beat  Shamrocks of Montreal.  1902���������Victorias of Winnipeg beat  Wellingtons of Toronto;  Montreal  beat  Victorias   of  Winnipeg.  1903���������Montreal beat Victorias of  Winnipeg. Ottawa beat ,Rat  Portage.  1904���������Ottawa beat Winnipeg  Rowing Club.  Ottawa beat Marlboroughs of  Toronto. Ottawa beat Wanderers of Montreal. Ottawa  beat Brandon.  1905���������Ottawa beat Yukon. Ottawa beat Rat Portage.  1906���������Ottawa beat Queen's.    Ottawa    beat    Smith's    Falls.  Wanderers beat Ottawa.  Wanderers   beat  New   Glasgow.  1907���������Ken ora beat Wanderers.  Wanderers beat Ken ora.  .1908���������Wanderers   beat   Victorias  of Ottawa.   Wanderers* beat  X Maple    Leafs.       Wanderers  beat Toronto.  1909���������Wanderers beat Edmonton.  Ottawa  beat  Wanderers.  1910���������Ottawa    beat    Edmonton.  Wanderers beat Ottawa.  ,  Wanderers beat Berlin.  1911���������Ottawa beat Wanderers.  1912���������Quebec beat Moncton.  1913���������Quebec beat Sydney.  1914���������Toronto  won  N.H.A.   title  ���������     and  cup;   Toronto   defeated  Victoria.  SOUTH VANCOUVER  ..     MUNICIPAL COUNCIL  All the officials and employees  of South Vancouver municipality  recently suspended, by Reeve  Gold, were reinstated by the council at a special meeting held on  Monday. For the first few hours  of the session everyone was so  polite to one another that it was  like a lull after a storm. Towards  the end, hbwever, continued tilts  between the councillors and the  reeve made things a little livelier.  Specially was this the case when  the reeve attempted to obstruct  the progress of the council by  declaring a motion to reinstate  Chief Lester out of order, and refusing to explain to the council  in What particular it was out of  order.  Three resolutions, passed at recent meetings of ratepayers, condemning and censuring the recent actions of the reeve, and  commending the stand taken by  the council, were received at the  'meeting. After hearing them  read Reeve Gold said that the  attitude he had assumed in the  council chamber was nothing  more than he had promised the  ratepayers in his election campaign. ''Though they.send a ton  of resolutions, it will not turn  me a hair," he declared. "It  will  take  a  derrick  to  remove  me  tt  The first suggestion of trouble  came with a motion by Councillor  Stanley, that Miss Dench be reinstated ; as stenographer at a salary of $60;, a month. Councillor  Allan then suggested that the  reeve, the chairmen of the different departments and himself be  appointed a committee to enquire  into the salaries and staffs of the  various departments.  Coun. Russell objected to the  delay, and said he had been  through his own department, and  knew exactly what was wanted.  Reeve Gold here declared that  it made no difference when it  was done, .because they were  drawing no salary. This state  of things was objected, to by  several of. the councillors,' who  contended he had no right, to do  more than suspend .any official.  The motion' reinstating Miss  Dench was carried unanimously.  On the motion of Coun. Rus^,  sell, Storekeeper Bell was then  reinstated unanimously. C, H.  Landel, J. Rutiedge, A.. G. Hun*  ter, J. N. Mouat and W. Robinson were next reinstated till the  report of the investigation of the  water committee is completed.  Coun. Campbell's motion to restate Fire' Chief Lester, Reeve  Gold then declared out of order,  and when ashed for reasons declared he was not required to  igve reasons. Coun. Campbell  then appealed to the municipal  solicitor for instructions, .who explained that the two communications to the council from the  reeve, dated March 5th and 8th,  would have to be read and reconsidered. This was done only  after some more obstructions by  the reeve, and the motion to reinstate Chief Lester waa finally  carried unanimously.  ENFORCE PROHIBITION  IN WASHINGTON  ''/.���������.���������Mayor.''Gill,: of Seattle, in his  annual message, recommends that  the city council immediately enact  an ordinanee for enforcement of  the state prohibition law, which  becomes effective January 1. He  desires that prohibition be rigidly  enforced.  +**4*+*****4*********+~**+++++++**+*+*+***+*+*+*+***4  *  +  *  *  +  *  OLYMPIC GAMES NOT  FOJt THE UNITUP STATES  Official notification that the  Olympic games of 1916 had been  transferred to the United States,  following a meeting:of the International Olympic Committee in  Lyons, France, has not been received in the XL S.  Little credence is put in the  story, as numerous reports from  Europe have indicated the determination of Germany to hold the  games in Berlin next year or  have the in postponed until 1920.  Frederick W. Rubien, president  of the Metropolitan Association  of the Amateur Athletic Union,  when questioned said that he'personally did not believe that the  .'.rames would be held in this country.  lie also declared that, as the  etihle message stated, that the  .VuXXt would not be a representative set-of Olympic games and  ;���������{> reford's/'.iL" any, would be re-  r.o.'TiXod.  XoBlXDE SFIELD GAME  P.L4YED  ON APRIL 10  vy  O'  / <r  )ll  ii.  ��������� e  xx X47  tc.' t .  -.11  2x37 Main .Street  ���������Saturday,'April 10, is the date  f! -cod for the ga me between the  Oonijithm team, champions of the  Vancouver and Distinct League,  '.nd the champions ��������� of Vancouver  fjiliuid. for the provincial cham-  pM)s:.Kl;i]->. Tlie match will be  pbvyed in Victoria, and the Mc-  .Uride shield, emblematic of the  X C. title, will be the stake for  '.vhioh the teams will battle. Offi-  -:-":i'S will be appointed this  week. ���������  In. past seasons two matches  !,-iVe been played, one here and  (iie other on the island, but in  future.; only one game will be  played annually. Victoria won  the draw this season, and elected  to play at-home. Next year the  game will be played on the mainland.  WINNIPEG TO GET  ALLAN CUP FINALS  As a result of the conference of  the   Canadian   Amateur   Hockey  Association the Allan Cup finals  will be played in^Winnipeg^next"  winter.  The British Columbia and Alberta champions will play off  and the winners will come to  Winnipeg. The Saskatchewan  and Thunder Bay champions will  play, <?ffi and'the winners come to.  Winnipeg. The O. IT. A. and In-.  tercol'l'egiate aud any other eastern champions eligible will eliminate-to one challenging team v.)id  that team Avill come to 'Winnipeg  Thus there will be three challengers in Winnipeg to meet the  holders, who will be decided by  the result of the two senior  leagues in  the province.  " Pride of the West"  - BRAND.  OVERALLS, SHIRTS, PANTS and MACKINAW  CLOTHING  MANUFACTURED IN VANCOUVER  By  ! MACKAY SMITH, BLAIR & CO., LTD.  *  * "Buy Goods Made at Home, and get both the  t Goods and the Money."  * -��������� .��������� ���������' ���������������������������  **** *+*********+*+*'*4+4+*+4+**4* ������������������������������������������������������������������������ ��������� +4+*+** * * *���������  _J * ���������*': s a  COQUITLAM SOCCER TEAM  REPEATS B. C. E. R.  ���������-' For_ Fresh Land Cured Meatsx_  x  g0 to tliis Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  iiiihii���������i \*>   a tnmi ___n���������mmmmmmm^TM���������������������������TTrrri ���������MirW������~~~rir-������^������~MMiM>������"*^BM>MaM__W__W^MMMii^MBBiMiMB^MiiMM>������  This is the Oldest Established  Market in Vancouver, an example  of " The -Survival'of the Fittest"  Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor: FRANK TRIMBLE  Phone: Fairmont 257  One of/ the largest soccer  crowds on record in this city witnessed the final game of the season on Saturday last at Athletic  park hetween Coquitlam, twice  champions, and the B. C. Electric  team for the mainland cup. The  first half was productive of some  clever work on both sides, and the  half time period found no score  for either side. In the second  half, especially the last few minutes found the Electrics, crumple  up -under-the strain of the Ranchers, and three goals in quick succession was -the result. The  game was keenly contested,' and  while the local team' failed to  come out winners.' they played a  clean, strong game, and will look  forward to a year hence, wrhen  they will turn the tables. The  winners played a cool careful  game all through and their forward line was ably supported hy  their backs. Tomlinson, Elbin  and Johnston did the scoring.  FAT AND  LEAN  Ju tin; busy ,wor!d -of dairying  even a few mengro calculations  show ������i'(.u\i- diit'orejKva, whether  in cowh, tltoir owner,;, tl'o land,  the bank��������� deposiLs or-the teat ol'  fat, etc.; i'al and lean arc mixed.  good resuLts and 'poor, even ou  adjoining farms, eve a in Uvo  stalls in the one stable. One  owner gets perhaps 200 pounds  of. milk from each lean, hungry  acre; a neighbour, with better  methods, produces the fat total  of seventeen hundred pounds of  milk per acre, keeping 16 good  cows on a well tilled eighty acre  farm. One milk producer, with  poor grade cows, never tested,  possibly never well fed, gets the  lean average of less than three  thousand pounds of milk per cow  another producer, who is a real  dairyman, revels in the knowledge of each of his sixteen cows  giving   over   eight thousand lbs.  of milk that will test fairly rich  in  fat. L  Then when it comes to feeding..  for profit, not simply for existence, we find one man with a  hundred pounds of milk costing  him only 59 cents for feed, but  a neighbour has to admit the impeachment of milk costing him  only 50 cents for feed, but a  neighbour has to admit the irn-  peaeiunent of milk costing him  per hundred at least 90 cents, perhaps over a dollar. So one wilL  make the fat profit above feed.  of over thirty dollars per cow,  while his neighbour is down to  the lean margin of only three dollars. Why do such amazing differences occur? Primarily because dairymen have not studied >  each cow individually. Dairy records alone can shed light on  these problems. Milk and feed  record forms, simple, easily kept,  may be had free from the dairy  division, Ottawa. Apply today and  make each cow you own earn a  good fat profit. 8  THE WESTERN   CALL  Friday, March 19, 1915.  *4***4*4***4*****4*4*4**+*+*+*+****************J*****  ��������� >  4*  < i  4*  1 SOCIAL AND PERSONAL  ^���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^������������������'-i ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*��������� >���������������������������>���������������������������������  TO ORGANIZE LEAGUE Mr. W. A. Turquand, manager  ���������V��������������������������� of the Hotel Vancouver, has an-  The Woman's Forum are hold- nounced    that    a    small-   statue  ing a meeting to-night at eight of   Capt.   Vancouver   would   be  o'clock in the Board of Trade  rooms for the purpose of argan-  izing a Consumer's League. The  industries of Vancouver will he  reviewed in motion pictures.  The ladies of the Red Cross  Society wish to thank the patrons  and friends of the Broadway  Theatre for the liberal way in  which they responded to the  cause.  A St. Patrick's Day concert was  held under the auspices of the  Ladies' Guild in Mt. Pleasant  Presbyterian church on Wednesday evening. A good audience  was present and thoroughly enjoyed the program.  Private Joe Chamberlain, of the  16th battalion, has been reported  wounded at the front, and is now  in Netley hispitalXHe formerly  resided at 416 21st avenue, South  Vancouver.  On Thursday evening at the  Carleton Hall, Collingwood East,  a benefit performance for the  "Kingsway" Auxiliary, Victoria  Order of. Nurses, was given hy  the Burnaby Comedy Company.  This included, sketches, monologues, comic duets, etc .  placed in a niche at the southern  end of the hotel's new lobby. This  will be the only public exhibition of such a representation of  Vancouver's great discoverer.  DOMINION ELECTIONS  PERHAPS IN JUNE  Talk of Appeal to People Continues to be Prevalent���������Prorogue Early  Books can be taken out of the  Collingwood library for home  reading every morning from 9  to 12. This information is necessary as the librarian is engaged  in the evenings. For a while at  least the financial position of the  library will compel this, arrangement.  Many applications are being  made at the C. P. R. general superintendent's office for places  in the Canadian Overseas Construction Corps. The men selected will be the very best obtainable.  The Ladies' Aid Society of  Grace Methodist church will hold  their annual birthday entertainment this evening in the church,  corner of Burns and 16th ave.  A pleasing program is being prepared, seme of. the best talent of  the city taking part, one of the  numbers being a debate on "Resolved That ** Great Men Make  Great Events,'' and vice-versa.  ��������� ���������������������������������������������*4 ���������������>���������������������������������������������������������>���������>������������������ ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  ' > v     -   4 ,  * *    Custom Shoe Repairing P. PARIS* Prop.   <  JStfOftLD SHOE (XX  X   ..      BEST SHOE BBPAIBINO IN THE 0177  Work  Done   While  Ton   Wait  Work Called for and Delivered  Loggers', Milters', Cripples' aad any ifcind of Special Shoes Made  i to Order  i       N      64 HABTINaS STREET W.     Next Columbia Theatre  ������ Phone: Seymour 1770. VANCOUVER, B. C. j  ��������� 't' ���������!��������� ������V 41 't' 'V 't' '1' 'I1 'l"1' 'I' 't' ��������� 'I' ��������� 'I' 'I* 'I' 'I' 'I' 't' '1* *t' *t* 'I' 'X' 'I' '8* ���������?' 't"t' 'I* 'I* ���������!* '���������' *!' '3"t' '���������''?' *i"l''������' 'I' ,S^>*,������">^,,l><i'  f*  Are you going to  weftrtWs winter?  ���������X'Xfr   ���������  of Course  And I am going to see that roy wife buys them  for THE BOYS too.   They are the beat to  wear and are made in Vancouver.  (* ^������ *S^ ^yX'^3"#' w^*)Ei*jj0*]  *4*4***********4**'**4**+*+*+*+*+*++*<  \  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY &  518-520 BEATTY ST.  CAMPBELL;  VANCOUVER, B.C. *  Election talk continues to be  prevalent in Ottawa, some going  as far as to predict that voting  will take place during XTune.  Some seem to be anxious for the  fray, while others say that while  they are not spoiling for a fight  they are ready, should an election be brought on. There is so  much speculation as to the probable duration of the session, and  a desire on the part of the government to bring down an early  conclusion is indicated by a notice which Sir Robert Borden  has placed on the order paper  providing for Saturday sittings of.  the house commencing on Sat  urday of this week and of morn  ing fittings commencig on Mon-t  day. Whether cr not the oppo  sition will consent is not known  at present. The public accounts  committee is to be organized immediately, under the chairmanship  of Mr. Morphy, of North -Port  Arthur, to inquire into' certain  transactions of the Militia De  partment in regard to which  there has been correspondence  between the Auditor-General and  the department. A willingness  on the part of the Liberals to  agree to an early prorogation  may depend on developments be  fore the ^committee.  EASTER CHOIR RECITAL  CHARLES CHAPLIN  AT BROADWAY  Manager Gow  of Popular Theatre. Showing Some Fine Reels  Next  Week v  An unusual musical treat, is in  store for those who attend the  Easter Choir Recital in Mount  Pleasant Presbyterian church oh  Thursday evening next. ?The  choir, which is recognized as one  of the best in the city, wilL be  heard in a repertoire: of unaccompanied numbers, and ''TheHallelujah Chorus," In addition; to  this, selections will be given from  the Easter ' Oratorio, ;AfOUvet';,to  Calvary" solo parts being taken  by Miss Crofts and Mr. Peaece.  A feature of the recital will i be  the ladies' quartette which wil}  be heard in sonie pleasing nupv  be^s. The assisting Artists ������re.:  Miss Eva McCrossan and Mrs? J.  B. Cowan, sopranos; Mrs. Daniel  Pay, contralto; Mr. F. J. McJCek  lar, baritone;. Mr. Thos. Shankie,  violinist, and Mr. Earold Nelson, B.A.j reader. Ail these artists are leaders in this city, and  a large audience will no doubt  greet them end the choir next  Thursday evening. Admission fry  collection.       ' x  Monday evening the Broadway  theatre will show the final reel of  The Million Dollar Mystery. This  series of pictures, which has been  attracting great attention during  the past few weeks, will give the  solution of where the million dollars was hidden, the secret of  Florence's parentage, and who she  marries. Also the girl who won  the ten thousand dollar prize  for the scenario on which the  final reel was produced.  The serial of Runaway Jane is  one that can be taken up any  time. Flashbacks in the pictures  give the story complete each  w;eek. Shultz's Lady Friend will  complete the program. Tuesday  evening "The Lost Ledge" is a  thrilling drama with plenty of action in the open. The program  includes split reels, featuring Viv-  ial Brecvott in;: Such a Mistake,''  Grandaddy's Daughter, The  Storm Bird, and How Doctor  Cupid "Won, with Eddie Lyons  and Victoria Forde. The prize  drawing will also be held, that  evening at. 8.30. VYou must be  present to win.  sCharieS; Chaplin comes Wednesday and Thursday in "The  Property Man.'' This is certainly one of. the funniest two-reel  comedies that has ever been produced, and Charlie the funniest  comedian in the world, is One continuous riot from start to finish.  The program will also feature J.  Warren Kerrigan in the two reel  Victor " The Man from Nowhere.' ' - The Universal Weekly  will also show latest war pictures.  The ninth episode of the Master Key will be shown on Friday  and Saturday,- also another Nes  tor comedy, "A Coat's a Coat,''  with the juvenile favorites, Eddie  Lyons and Victoria Forde. A  special matinee is given on Saturday afternoon for the children*  X        VX     ���������:������������������ "'  MANUFACTURERS OF  Lifcht and heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles- Closed Uppers, Leggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  \ *4*****************4+*+4+*+**4*4*********4*4*4*4*4*  At the Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian YP.S.C.E on Monday evening Mr. Archie McNab gave an  interesting Address to the young  l^J^4XMrX_i^^  presided. ' Mr. McNab has travelled much and gave an interesting  sketch of experiences "in South  Africa and Egypt. He pleaded  for a recognition of good qualities in people who were regarded  as heathen, and said missionaries  would make more progress if they  were more sympathetic to the  customs and folk-lore of people  who often had behind crude ceremonials some real poetry and  imagination. . Mr. McNab's address was eminently practical  when he sketched the qualities  which made good colonizers-rand  spiced as it was with anecdotes  and adventure it was keenly relished by a large audience.  "The March to the Battlefields  Or Canada's Men on. the Way,"  is the title given a picture that  will for many years to come be a  highly prized treasure. It is a  phtographic reproduction showr  ing the 32,000 jnen of. Canada's  first contingent breaking camp  and on the march to join the con-  and miles of. the white tents and  the marching men. Jt is 'a ;Wost  inspiring sight. The size is 20x  46 inches, all ready for framing.  This picture is sure to be a popular souvenir of the war as far  as Canada is concerned, and will  be in.great demand- It is owned  by^The Family^ Herald^ and  Weekly Star, of Montreal, and a  copy is being presented to all  subscribers to The Family- Her  aid* Montreal, and the Western  Call, where,subscriptions of $1.50  a year for the two are received  from this date for a limited  period.  F.TNB IRISH PROGRAMME  LAWN  FERTILIZER  8EED OATS  4>  4*  ��������� >  4*  .i >  44  ��������� >  Early   Bose   Seed   Potatoes  '* Grace Darling Seed Potatoes  ,, Sutton's Reliance Seed Potatoes  . >  4>  ��������� >  44-  F: T. VERNON  ��������� >  4\*  ���������  THE MOUNT PLEASANT PEED STORE  255 BROADWAY EAST Two Phones:  Fair 186 and 873  Try Our Own Diamond Chick Food for Best Results  f  4>  ���������  4 <'  4 >  4>  4 '  '4  < >  i >  .IP  4 >  .o  4 >  4>  4 ���������  ���������ip  4 .  ���������  A St. Patrick'8 Day concert  was held on Tuesday evening in  St. David's Presbyterian church,  corner of Bodwell Boad and  Windsor street, under the direction of. Mr. W. W. Robertson, the  well known solo-violinist. The  following artists contributed to  the program: Miss Molly Sterling, mezzo-soprano; Mis. J. F.  Paterson, mezzo-soprano; Mrs. W.  W. Robertson, soprano; Mr.-Ji".  Palmer, tenor; Mr. F. Blair, baritone ; Mr. P. Duncanson, baritone;  Mr. W. W. Robertson, solo violinist; Mr. W. H. Kelly, humorist; Mrs. J. F. Paterson, accompanist. The proceeds of the entertainment are to be devoted to  the building fund of. the church.  At the annual meeting of the  B.C.EJt. baseball team the following officers were elected for. the  ensuing year: Bon. president, Mr.  W. G. Murin; hon. vice-president,  Mr. Ed. Sterling; pres., Mr. W.  H. Ellison; vice-pres., Mr. L  Grimmer; business manager, W  H. Hutchinson; secretary-treas.,  St.C. Shadwell; delegate to the  city league, E. L. Tait.  Mrs. W. B. Cutler, of Port Co  quitlam, is, for the present in the  city, and will reside at 2706 Caro  lina street, Mt. Pleasant.  Weather permitting, the annual May Day celebration will  take place in New Westminster  on Friday, May 7th. This will be  the 48th celebration of this old  A very jolly time was spent on  St. Patrick's Day at the home of  Mrs. J. J. Efford, when her dau  ghter, Miss Grace Efford, entertained a number of her school  friends in honor of the young  hostess eighth birthday. The afternoon was happily spent with  games and afterwards refreshments were served. Among those  present were Miss Keith. Taylor,  Miss Grace Taylor, Miss Mervis  Leal, Miss Gladys Harford, Miss  Emma Lang, Miss Ruby Efford,  Miss Beatrice Efford and Mrs.  Barry Harford, who assisted the  hostess.  i  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������#������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ custom  Mr. J. T. Stevens has taken  charge of the circulation department of The Western Call.  \Y  Your Printing  When openirig your mail  each morning, is it not a fact  rthat you read the letter first  which impresses you most  from the manner in which it  has been printed ?x x.  The most striking letterhead, folder or booklet is the  one that y<m read. ' ^  Your printed matter  strikes the other mail the  same way. If it is hot neatly attired, it probably reaches  a ininor official-r-if a folded  tlie waste paper basket.  /* Don't be blinded by sentiment, too cheapv prices or  something ''just as $oodv'  Your printing  status of your  Fine J^  art; and perfect wo^  only be acquired after years*  of expierience.  The Terminal City Press  has one of the most up-to-  date printing shops in the  city and our work has the  guarantee of perfect satisfaction.  Give Us a Trial  CATALOGUES  MAGAZINES .'>  BOOKLETS  FOLDERS  COMMERCIAL  STATIONERY  Terminal City Press  Limited  PHONE FAIR. 1140        203 KINGSWAY


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