BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Call Feb 5, 1915

Item Metadata

Download

Media
xwestcall-1.0188526.pdf
Metadata
JSON: xwestcall-1.0188526.json
JSON-LD: xwestcall-1.0188526-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xwestcall-1.0188526-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xwestcall-1.0188526-rdf.json
Turtle: xwestcall-1.0188526-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xwestcall-1.0188526-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xwestcall-1.0188526-source.json
Full Text
xwestcall-1.0188526-fulltext.txt
Citation
xwestcall-1.0188526.ris

Full Text

Array //S^/^^:^^/  'myyyffmmyi$myy>\  ^������������������'���������r-;-^' s.X'V.J ���������^'���������".������������������'.'���������!;'-T>>r"--T:>.:Hr  "fttXX!-;^S>'v * ';v*vv^'JW-:;Vv.:S;,  X.C X^XXvXVXV-^X*'  'V'X XiXV v':V.-X^X:Xv'v  ^XX'iXX v * XX?X V  Published in tbe interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  Xs ra  ' '  '    r*  Volume VI.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBtA, FEBRUARY 5, 1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No. 39.  Did Qermans Plan to Exterminate Belgians? Eg  k > g=gsi5egag=B8g-g."   ��������� *.   "   ���������*J-r _ ���������, ' _    - ���������  Record-Breaking Evangelistic Meetings Being Held in Philadelphia by Billy Sunday���������Needed in New York  Attorney-General Bowser Silences His Critics in Fighting Speech  SSSSaSSSmSSSSSfS^SSSSSSSSSSm .������������������!������������������*���������*****��������� i i, ,.     Ol   II        \V ,    ggl*g���������gg ****���������S-***-****S*mmm^^  1&       v.  M,  i <   'A*  ���������X Al  /     T  '*.">*  RECORD-BREAKING  "SUNDAY'iJEETINGS  IN PHILADELPHIA  Billy  Sunday,  the - Evangelist,    is    holding  meetings  in  Philadelphia.    The   special   tabernacle erected for the purpose seats 60,000 people,  and is reported by the Philadelphia papers as  ('full to capacity at every service.   The meetings  late at 2.00 p.m. and 7.30 p.m.   Thousands of  [people come to the tabernacle in the morning  j and' stay till evening, service is over*"   The last  Philadelphia paper to hand-(January 2'9) reports  [5,000 people in their seats at noon.   At 1.30 came  Ithe rush of "reserved seat" holders, and at 2.00  p.m. not more than 1,000 seats had to be filled.  This Philadelphia meeting is a record breaker  t_n modern religious services as far as we know.  The largest meetings ever addressed by D. L.  [Moody were held in the Agricultural Hall,  [London, which seated' 30,000 people. This is  1 doubled today in Philadelphia, and thousands are,  [turned away at almost every meeting.  On Thursday, 28th January, a special train  Ifrom"New YorkXJity brought a delegation of 400  lliew York ministers to the Sunday meeting. The  [.fain was arranged for and paid for by one of  [the New York papers,, who thus entertained the  '"clergy.", '    _       ..  ,-    .  The Relegation fro^a N������wx York consisted of  representative gathering:of Greater New York  [preachers, with such men as Pr. Eaton of Fifth  [Avenue Baptist Church, and Bishop Rudolph of  (toe Reformed Episcopal)Church, among them.  The object ol their coming was to,lay before  WOJawHSwtday %& ft������!dX������f N������w Yorfr  3ity and ask him to consider a "call" to work'  that place. - .     ���������     '  Rev. S. S. Young, P.p., head of the delegation introduced the matter and spoke as follows:  .    "Seven years ago it was my privilege to entertain at luncheon yourself and eighteen new  [converts following your address to ministers in  {Pittsburg, an address criticized so adversely as  to cause the officers of the church in which the  leeting was held to pass a resolution intended  5m������ prevent such a calamity in the future.  "One year ago you, were preaching daily m  jhat same church. Five hundred members have  >een added to it and tens of thousands to other  bhurches as fruit of your Pittsburg campaign,  t "The pastor of that 'church goes up and  Jown the land, testifying to the character revolution wrought in multitudes of lives during those  Jew weeks.  "This is typical of the change of mind on the  part of conservative Christian people when they  actually know you and your work. Here are  aearly 400 representative preachers of New York  FIDity. As goes New York, so in considerable  [measure goes America. The best people on the  [continent live in New York. The worst people  [on the continent live in New York. A mighty  [host of ministers and laymen entreat you to come  land help transform the worst into the best.  It ''Our city has been the goal of each national  tevangeiist. Hither came Moody the winter after  [Philadelphia. Here, Finney climaxed his career.  "Some of our spiritual leaders still hesitate  Ito extend this invitation. They need to see and  Ibelieve. What you have done for temperance,  what your efforts have accomplished among  Khose whom the rest 6f us do not reach, the way  [the religious forces, gather about you in h'eart-  to-hea'rt; contact with non-churchgoing masses,  ly our arresting and understandable speech, your  |.incerity, , bravery, tenderness, humor, your  lique and lovable.personality, your faith in God  |)nd His gospel, have made you the foremost  YVrophet of the common people. .  ft " This tremendous responsibility, we pray you  Inay continue to, bear in humble fidelity to the  Great Master. Should you falter or misstep, an  liudible groan would rise from tens of. millions.  IjSy God's grace and the supplications of believers  wra-. shall not fail; but your path shall be as  the shining light that shineth more and more  into the perfect day.' XX  deeded in New York.  A unanimity of opinion ..prevailed among  l������hem that Sunday is not only much needed, but  j;8 much wanted in New York, and Rev. S. E.  ftTouhg, P.B.,'-pastor of the Bedford Presbyterian  V-'hurch, of Brooklyn, and chairman of the New  rork City Go-to-Church Committee, soundedthev  .eynote of the expressions of opinions given  Injuring the trip from New York when he said:  "An  Overwhelming  majority  of  New  York  >reachers and churches will soon extend to Mr.-.  [>$unday an invitation to conduct a revival campaign in Greater New York."  It was learned that Rev. Edward H. Emett,  pme of Sunday's assistants, is to visit New York  tbefore the end of. the week for the express purpose of looking over possible sites for a mam-  /��������� i  The second war session was opened We4nes7/  day at Ottawa with all due ceremony. Khaki was  abandoned and a brilliant display of uniforms  was the result. Admirals, Major-Generals; Lieutenant-Colonels and one Honorary Colonel with  many lesser officers in full ^uniform adorned the  scene, and when the members were summoned  to the Senate to listen to the Speech from the  Throne by His Royal Highness the Puke of Connaught tbe effect was one of unusual brilliance.  The Speech from the Throne related entirely..  to the war.    No other    legislation    was foreshadowed.   It was as follows:  "Honorable Gentlemen of the Senate; Gentlemen of the House of Commons ��������� Puring the_  months which have elapsed since the outbreak  of war, the people of Canada have given most  abundant and convincing evidence of-their firm  loyalty to our sovereign and of their profound  devotion to the institutions of. the British Empire.  "Since I last addressed you, a Canadian expeditionary force of more than 30,000 men has  been safely dispatched across the Atlantic, and  ���������������������������������������������m^���������������������������a���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   \���������   i .'    .  .   . ^.    ~  moth tabernacle, equipped with special acoustic  devices, which the v New Yorkers hope to see  erected there.  A large open space back of the Grand Central  station has already been considered, and Rev.  Charles L. Goodell.P.P., pastor of St. Paul's  Methodist Episcopal Church, who is organizing a  committee to prepare plans for the advent of  Sunday in New York, is said to have already .  had another excellent site .offered to him.  Paterson Gives Up Claim.  Wealthy churchmen of New York have also  signified their intention of making substantial  contributions to the $150,000 fund which the New  Yorkers propose to raise to insure the construction of what they plan to make the biggest tabernacle Sunday has ever preached in.  It. is stated that Paterson. where Sunday is  scheduled to go for a six weeks' campaign after  he concludes ^he present one in this city, has  intimated its willingness to give way to New  York and thereby contribute to the success of  the plan to have Sunday eonduct a great revival  in what he hns described as the "modern Sodom  and Goniorrah." ,  The success of this plan will probably hinge  flfton;|he conference that Fev. Pr. Goodell's committee will soon hold with the evangelist. At'  this conference the plan will be fully discussed,'  and Sunday will learn whether, as he has stipulated, the clergy of New York are unanimous in  wanting him to go there.  The delegation of New York ministers whieh  ������ame here today to hear Sunday preach is one of  the most representative bodies of its kind. Rev.  Br. Young explained, that has ever assembled  anywhere to eive impetus to church work.  And this is the man "called" to a specific  work by the churches in the largest cities of this  continent and of the world, that was refused a  ��������� jeFarrfying in. the BrijSfhiides has teen ei*  gaged in' completing &e~ hecewary triflingr pc-  , fore; proceeding to, tbe front.   > A *  "Notwithstanding the unusually severe weather- conditions --which have prevailed in the  British Isles, the training has proceeded satisfactorily, and it is anticipated that the force  will .very shortly take its place in the field of  action. - ,   .  "The earnest and resolute spirit of patriotism  which animates the whole Pominion has evoked  a magnificent response to the call for service beyond the seas. Large forces have been organized, from which further contingents arc ready  t������ibe dispatched as soon as the necessary arrangements for receiving them and completing  their training can be consummated.  "Notwithstanding the inevitable disturbance  of trade which was created by the outbreak of  war on so vast a\ scale, the financial, and business conditions of the Pominion hrive shown  great stability; and oT^theXwHole tbeXebuatry  has adapted itself to the new conditions in a  very effective way. X        , -  '' My advisers will submit for your consideration measures rendered necessary, for the participation of this Pominionin the great task  which our Empire has undertaken in this war.  "Gentlemen of the House of; Common8,-^-The  accounts of the last fiscal year will be laid before you immediately, and the estimates for the  next fiscal year willbe submitted without delay.  You will be asked to make the necessary, financial provision for effective aid in the eonduct of  the war. ���������   :-XV. '--.������������������   .v.X -;��������� ������������������, ���������  "Honorable Gentlemen of the Senate,���������Gen-  telraen of the House of Commons,���������The strong  unity of purpose which inspires His, Majesty's  Dominions gives us the firm assurance that the  cause for which this war has been undertaken  will be maintained to an honorable and successful issue. . 11 commend to your favorable consideration the measures which will be submitted'  to you for aiding that great purpose, and.I pray  that the Pi vine blessing may be. vouchsafed to  your deliberations."  ATTORNEY-GENERAL BOWSER  QUICKLY SILENCES HIS CRITICS  On Thursday afternoon the Hon. W. J. Bowser replied to his political foes in deep earnest.  The gallery was packed to the. limit, and the  Attorney-General was at his very best. He gave  the lie direct and in the most completely con-  \ j nein g manner to the calumnious statements c  first published in the "Chinook," going into the  most minute details of the Government's relation  to the Pominion Trust and citing example after  example in the various provinces of Canada in  support of the legislation effected in B.' C.  (Continued on Page &)   ^��������� ���������X���������������������������������������������  The War  The forts of the Pardanelles are slowly being  reduced by the Franco-British fleet and soon one  of the most acute problems of the war will come  up for settlement, "What is to be done with Con-  THE WAR  >YR  x?l  X  ���������4 ������������������- H,        '  (    < X-vi  X-    * \i\  -.jj -<j  L  "1  The German-Turkish attack on Egypt 'a_*d  the Sues Canal has not yet developed seriouily.  An action has been fought at El Kantara, four  miles south of Port Said, and the enemy defeated  and driven off, leaving their dead and wounded  and a small number of prisoners in our hands.  The number of the attacking army is variously estimated at 1,200, 12,000 and 120,000  men. ' Whatever the .Turkish force may be, it  appears that Britain has in Egypt an expeditionary force xlumbering more than 100,000 men.  Cairo has become a Hvely city, with a British  army whose men have more than $25,000 a day  to spend. Aside from assuring the defence of the  canal, the sending of the Australian Contingent  is a shrewd political, move.'  The Indian Contingent in Europe is drawn  entirely from the Mohammedan peoples in India  and the advent of thousands of devout Mohammedans, eager to fight against the Sultan of '  Turkey and to uphold British rule, has completed  the overthrow of German intrigue for a Mholy  war" against the .Allied.  Add to the fighting power of the British Expeditionary Force in $gypt the backing of the  combined French and British ^ fleets ' and the  safety of the great eastern trade route seems  reasonably assured. -  The position in the great conflict for the  world's liberties of Roumania, Bulgaria, Greece  ������fd Italy are not yet clearly defined; hut thev^ _,,  British Government seems now to he fairly w^y-^fiH^^  _��������� J **>  '- /vi/k\  l,X^X  Xv,-vi? *M  y .        l    .r  fident of the, final outcome on thia point. -,_&  ready Roumania haa been granted, a lane loan  - antr tKrmte������rgteaT powers, ttmftym&im  Russia, aTe npw preparing for a huge joint loan  in order to finance those powers that will shortly  join them in the effort to destroy the scientific  barbarism with which Germany is to enslave the  world.  Tbe astounding feature bf this world conflict  is the attitude of. the United States, in spite of  the accumulated evidence of a gigantic conspiracy to subborn the interests and liberties of  the world to the insensate pride of the German  race.  The Ship Purchase'Bill has had a stormy  time in the House at Washington during the  week and will not go through without amendment which President Wilson has signified his  willingness to accept. The argument has turned  on the fact that to purchase the German interned  steamers would be to purchase a quarrel with  every-ship.rXFhe-possibility^of:-war: withTBritain  over the "right of search" and the purchase of  ships has been the theme of almost every; American paper during the week. X...:  American sentiment and especially that of  President Wilson and Secretary Bryan'seems to  be assuredly pro-British; indeed, it would, be  hard to imagine anything else, "but political necessities are hard things to combat, and the German-Irish vote in the U.S.. A. is that of a.  wealthy, politically powerful and united faction.  The outlook, therefore, whilst hopeful is not altogether without clouds in this direction.  Both the Pacia and the Wilhelmina are now  at sea and any day may bring forth a decidedly  complicated situation.  Germany has now put in her long threatened  attack on British shipping. The waters surrounding the British Isles tare declared in the  war zone and vessels of. commerce as well as war  vessels are now subject to attack and destruction  without formal ontice. Already five British  coasting vessels have been sunk by German submarines, and much interruption of coasting  .;traffic has taken place. A German submarine  is located in Liverpool Bay but still at large.  What measures the Admiralty are taking to meet  this new feature of naval warfare are not of  course made public, but Britain has confidence  in "Jackie" Fisher.  The First,Canadian Contingent is now either  in France or on the eve of departure for active  service. Enlistment for the Third Canadian Contingent is now begun and Parliament is asked  for $100,000,000 for this year's war expenses.  Rumor has it that in March Lord. Kitchener  will go to the front and take supreme command  of. the British infantry, whilst Field Marshall  French devotes himself to the cavalry movements.  The situation in Poland remains unchanged.  In, East Prussia the Russian forces are exerting  increased pressure with some little success; The  struggle in the Carpathians and on the Bukovina  and Transylvanian frontiers remains undecided.  The Austrian troops hitherto acting against  Servia have been transferred to Hungary's  threatened eastern borders and Servia gets a  much needed breathing spell.  ,4       I'i  ���������\ f . i  . X  THE WESTERN  CALL  A.  Friday, February 5, 1915.   \  Mguut Pleasant  Dry Goods House  BIG^AIST  SALE  Friday & Saturday  30 dozen Ladies' Waists,  French collar and cuffs.  Fine vesting and pique  waists; bought at 40 cents  on the dollar; the regular  prices of these waists would  be $1.75, $2.00 and $2.25  under ordinary circum  stances. Cash did the  trick, and you buy them  here on Friday and Saturday, in all sizes, at  75c  Each  *4*************4*4*4*4****)t **������****4*4*4* *4*4*4*4******************* *************  t  1   SNIDER BROS. & BRETHOUR, CONTRACTORS  i;  r  ******-******^***^4*Ai***t***t************ *****4*4*****ic**************4*******4*4*  **********������***************Jf **************************  a' _L  V,     *4*****4**************************4*************    '���������  a     *****4*4*4*********4*k**************************    ;j,  Regular $1.75 to $2.25  Phone Orders Not Filled  Cor. Main & 8th Ave.  <���������  COAL  *\*  You can prove the actual saving in cash if you  will try one ton of our Old Wellington Coal. This  coal will reduce your fuel bill without reducing the  heat.  LUMP   ....       $7.00  NUT      - $5.50  PEA      .- $4.00  SLACK -       -       -       -       $3.50  BRIQUETTES -       $6.50  f   WOOD���������Choicest Dry Fir Cordwood $3.00 per load.  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd. I  Seymour 5408-5409.  4*************************ic*************************  The New Detention Building, Vancouver.  The new Immigration Building, which completed, will- cost' well on to $300,000, is now  under construction by the well known Vancouver firm of contractors, Messrs. Snider Bros, and  Bretliour. All the partners of .this company, are Native Sons and have already erected in Victoria  and Vancouver probably the largest number of buildings of any contracting firm in the country.  ���������������������������^������������������������������������^���������������������������������������������^������������������^������������������������������������^���������������������������^������������������������������������^��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� *4*4*4*4***4***4**********1(***  I  POULTRY   N.OTEfe;' ?  ^������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^������������������������������������������������������i *4*4*4**************************+***************���������**+  PROPER DIETING AT  MACDONALD COLLEGE  A Few Reasons |  Why you should buy at  * t  Independent  Prwg Store;;  Cor. 7th & Main  I���������We are close to your  home.  2���������We have as big a  stock as any other  J)rug Store iu Vancouver, l  3^-We^have two expert <������  Prescription J)rug- '**  gists. <������  4���������You can phone your .'  wants and obtain the .'  goods.   Marret & Reid  J'     Phone fnlrmomt 099  +4**+******************+*  Phone Seymour 9086  ������J Even the careful, the  prudent, have been ever  ready to risk their savings  in all sorts of doubtful  ways, financing all kinds of  schemes in the hope of great  returns. It is our business  that nothing entrusted to  us goes to loss ��������� to make a  dollar and four cents * or  more grow in safety where  hut a dollar grew before.  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St., W.  Mckay  Station  Burnaby  Maximum egg production is  largely controlled by the method  of. feeding as well as by the  nature of the. foods given. In  the first place, if a hen is expected to lay well she must be  kept in a healthy condition. JSgg  production depends upon the condition of the ovaries, which* in  turn depends upon the health of  the hen. One of the prime factors in feeding is to compel the  birds to take plenty of exercise.  The litter in the house should be  eight or ten inches deep, and the  grain should be scattered in this  whenever it is fed. It. is a good  practice to stir up the litter frequently with a fork. This will  prevent the straw or whatever is  used for litter from becoming  packed down solid, and will also  compel the birds to scratch for  the_grain_._ _ ^  The birds must be well fed on  good feeds. Heavy egg production  is quite a strain upon the system,  and in order to keep it. up the  hen must receive the best of attention.  The diet of the hen may be  simple, but it should be wholesome. The hen must be given  plenty of feed, and as much variety as possible. All foods serve  various purposes in the production of eg������s. Part of the food a  hen receives furnishes energy to  carry on the various functions of  the body; part of the food furnishes energy to keep the body  warm; another part of the food  serves to build up the tissues and  organs, and to keep them in repair; still another part of the  food supplies material for egg  production. The amount of food  over and above that required for  the. maintenance ration constitutes the egg producing ration.  For this purpose those foods  must be given which are. known  to be good egg producers.  Most of the food consists of  whole and ground grains. Wheat,  corn and oats are the three best  whole grains. Wheat is used to  a greater extent than is any other  poultry food. It is one of the  most complete egg producing  foods. Corn N is also an excellent  grain, particularly for winter  feeding. It tends to keep the laying stock in good condition during the extremely cold weather.  Oats, particularly when -they are  of. good quality, make a very  valuable poultry food. On the  other hand, oats of poor quality  are rather objectionable, since  they have a comparatively large  percentage of hulls. They may  be fed in various forms, but they  are best relished when rolled put  flat. In this form we call them  rolled oats, and it is surprising  to find what large quantities the  birds wiU\ consume. They like  them.in this-form-better, than in  any other, and they will even eat  j more whole, rolled oats than. rya-  irious dry mashes.    ;        . , \.*  I The practice of Macdonald College is to feed a whole grain  ration of one-half wheat and one-  half corn during,.the winter  months. If the corn is cracked  it will give the hens more exercise than when fed whole. This  grain mixture is scattered in the  litter morning and evening, and  the litter is kept in such a condition that considerable scratching is necessary. Enough grain  is fed in the morning to keep the  hens busy for several hours. In  the evening they are given practically all the grain they will piek  up before going to roost. There  are many poultrymen who are  not-able to feed their, flock_the  proper amount of' grain from  time to time. On the other hand,  there are some poultrymen who  believe in feeding a definite  quantity of grain at each feeding.  It is far better to feed the birds  about what they want from time  J to time, and since they will eat  more at one feeding than another  it is practically- impossible to  state definitely any specific  amount which the flock should  be given for each feeding.' A  very simple way of finding out  whether the birds are being fed  properly or not is to brush away  some of the litter; then blow the  chaff and dust away, and if corn  or wheat can be seen on the bare  spot of the floor the hens are  being fed too heavily. .They  should be made to clean everything up before being fed again.  ���������M. A. Juli, Macdonald College.  * . ��������� ��������� '  FBATHER-EATINO.  Feather-eating is nothing more  or less than a vicious habit,  brought on in nearly every case  as a result of accident, but said  sometimes to be due to want of.  sufficient animal food. As a matter of fact, it occurs, as a rule,  amongst poultry which are penned up closely" together, and  rarely makes its appearance on  farms, or under other conditions  than those of close confinement,  unless it be introduced into such  places by some mischevious bird  whieh has acquired the habit elsewhere. The trouble usually  takes the form of plucking the  feaihers from the head and neck,  and when once it gets well started  and all the birds have learned to  do it, a whole floek of poultry  will very soon present a ragged,  unhealthy appearance as though  they were suffering from some  disease. It makes its appearance  generally as the result of accidents. Two cocks will fight and.  the blood from their cpmbs will  run down the neck and hackle  feathers, and the hens, liking the  taste of" the blood, will set to  work to pick it off, and in so  doing will often, rip out some of  the small feathers and thus start  the skin -bleeding. One thing  leads to. another, and soon they  get to know that by plucking out  small feathers they, get a certain  matter which suits their taste.  Birds in confinement are natu^  ally more likely to start this than  other birds, and the remedy in  that case is to give them some  granulated meat so that there  may be no question of their having an insufficient supply of animal food.  At the same time some occupation should be found for them  which will distract their attention from the vicious habit referred to, and such occupation  can take the shape of giving  them,a cabbage suspended from  a string, so that they have to  jump up to reach it, and alss ~oy  giving them some chaff to scratch  amongst for small grain. If possible, discover which is the ringleader and break her neck���������then  the trouble may be nipped in the  bud. When it gets a firm hold  it is dififcult to check, and the  only plan that can be suggested  is to apply something of a nauseous character to the feathers,  suck, for instance, as a solution  of quassia, or a little solution of  bitter aloes, so as to discourage  the other birds from attempting  to pluck out the feathers. The  objection to things like aloes is  that they stain the plumage, but  it is a question of Hobson's  choice, for something must be  done or the birds' necks will be  stripped until they are absolutely  naked.X It is also a very bad  thing for poultry to swallow  feathers, which may cause congestion of the crop, and to give  rise to further difficulty. <  NOT AS SHI. INTENDED ���������There  recently came to a fashionable shop a  daughter of a man whose wealth had  been'acquired within very recent years.  The young woman was disposed to  patronise the salesman and rejected a  number of classy slippers he produced  for her approval. Finally, she said:  "I think, perhaps, I shall take these  two pairs. But Louis XV. heels are  too high for me. Give me a size lower  ���������or, say, perhaps Louis J&m. will be  high enough." |  SEALED  SECURITY  is essential to safe investment.  OOur Debentures guarantee a  a return of 5%���������are negotiable  DEBENTURES ���������are secured by  $7,480,339  Assets.  on Savings Deposits. Subject tb cheque  withdrawal. Interest compounded quarter-  yearly. ,  The Great West Permanent Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg., Ground Floor  R. J. POTTS, Manager.  HOUSEHOLD GOODSanUOFFICE FURNlTURf  .1 o j: iiw  OlDtM AHD irt.t<.tSf  X()Ka<*������ tt/NUKN IN WtbJtRw (ANAUA  ttHPEEU, CTORM.133MP*.  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE-SHIPPING!  ~ PHONE SEYMOUR M60. OFFICE 857 PRATTYST.  Q������i������.i> ���������*��������� I  ft  l  ������n  |n|i> **  **  * Ii|i|ii|ii|i������������i|iM'I  * '������"l >i������ii������4H.i������. >n:i A ni"|i >.n..������n������.  Phone Sey. t| 076-1077  Coal-Fire \^  J, HANBLIRY & CQXllD. X,  00f*������ 4tm 4r������ww* .mil 0*m*vlll* 9U y  Wellington Coal, Cordwood and Plainer Ends  The Comfort  Bale's  Morning Dip  VJ KNOWS,"  says the Comfort  Baby's Grandmother, "what  We'd do without  this Perfection  Smokeless Oil  Heater.  "If I'd only had one  when you were a  baby, you'd have been saved many a cold and  croupy spell/V X  For warming cold corners and isolated upstairs rooms, and  for countless special occasions when extra beat is wanted,  yoa need the Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater.  SMOKELE  PERETCTION  HEATERS  The Perfection is light, portable, inexpenrire  to buy arid to use, easy to clean and to re-  wick. No kindling; no ashes. Smokeless  . and odorless. At all hardware and general  stores.  Look for the Triangle trademark.  MadafeCaaada  ROYAUTE OIL la beat for all nee*  THE IMPERIAL OIL CO., limited T������  ���������aabnaL  Q-Ue.   HOta.  Ottam. I 1  s,\:y/A/>Hk/  Friday, February 5, 1915.  frHE WESTERN  CALL  / r  8.  For Sale and  For Rent  Cards  10c each 3 for 25c  WESTERN CALL OFFICE, 203 llngsway  A DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Before employing a Private Detective, if you don't  know your man. ask your  legal adriaer.  JOHNSTON, the Secret  Service latelllKence Bureau. Suite (03-4  319 Pender St., W.  Vaacouver, B. C.  Try Our Printing  Quality Second  to None  .^j..^j.������j..$..j..5~^2*^^j.������^.j������.j.4^.j..^.j..^������j*v^^  A. E. Harron  J. A. Harron  G. M. Williamson  HARRON BROS.  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS  VANCOUVER  $   Office & Chapel���������1034 Granville St.  Phone Seymour 8486  NORTH VANCOUVER  Office & Chapel���������122 Sixth St. W.  Phone 184  .fr.$~$4^{4������34<^^^M{w^M3M{w^M{w|Mgwfr.frl|.l||ft^  ��������� .f ���������!��������� ���������!��������� .8. ���������!��������� ���������!��������� <f -t- ��������������� ���������& ���������_��������� -g- ���������!��������� ���������-��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������8-^"  JOS. H. BOWMAN  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building f  Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C. ���������  +***********************4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4******  J. What Does the B. C. Electric  I Mean to British Columbia m  V the Field of Labor ? ? ? ?  i;:  ��������� fl At the present time, despite the conditions \  now existing, the B. C Electric is carrying  -    on its payroll, 2408 Employees, the majority ; [  being married men with families.  ������.  Q Should Not the Above* Fact be Rewempered  (iy Rveiry Worfcingiaan?  ^^4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*^*4*4*4*4*4***************  **************************,Z****'r *********i**\*************  " KEATING ^r^A^?���������*'f  Our Business his nee. (milt up t������v merit alone  Nesting Engineers.  f  1098 Homer St.  Sey. 661  ������;������������;^;-w$>^.^^4>jw}Mg^^Mg^w}MgMj>^^4������ i^i ig������ .}��������� .{��������� i|. if. ^. i|������ ������|i ������Ii .^i .}> if. <|i i|������i|i if. .J. ������|������ ������ii i}������ ���������!������ 'I' ���������{������������!������ ������S"{"|������ '|������ '^ 'I* *y  r  The Advance Agent of  COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE  Forms a closer union of Home,  Business and Friends.  <J For a limited time, Business or  Residence Telephones will be installed upon payment of $5.00  Rental in advance.  <I For particulars call Seymour 6070.  Contract Department.  B. C. TELEPHONE  COMPANY, LIMITED  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������*������������������������������������������������������������>���������������+������������������������������������������������������������  Appeal for  Library  ������������������-*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������������������������������������������������������  THE BEBT WE OWE TO BOOKS  The literary and debating society of the McGill College had  a treat the other evening when  Mr. J. Francis Bursill of Collingwood, gave an address on "Some  Famous Men and the Debt They  Owed to Books."  From a wide range of literature  Mr. Bursill quoted the words of  gifted men in praise of literature.  Said the lecturer:  Ever ready to acknowledge the  debt he owed to books was Lord  Macaulay, who was an omniver-  ous reader of even ephemeral literature.    In his days and right  up to my own days of early manhood, songs and    ballads    were  printed on long slips of paper in  coarse type���������they were sold for  one cent each.   Macaulay, knowing how these ballads truly reflected the spirit of.,   the    time,  bought    them,   by the handful,  read them as he went along the  street,  and once  found himself  followed .by a crowd that wondered when he would start singing.   Here is the .beautiful eulogy  he uttered on books, as reported  by Walter Bagett:    "Here are  the old friends who are never  seen with new faces, who are the  same in wealth and poverty, ia  glory  and  obscurity.      In  the  dead there is no rivalry.   In the  dead there is no change.   Plato  is never sullen, Cervantes is never  petulant,     Demosthenes     never  comes unseasonably, Dante never  stops too long.   No difference of  opinion can alienate Cicero.   No  heresy can excite the horror of  Bossuett."  Speaking of libraries Mr. Bursill said:  The whole prosperity which  many, men possess is their time,  and in the economy and right use  of this lies their only road; to  success. Our artisan youth can  spend their time in no better way  than in the perusal of sound lit-  erStjirceX ThT^  librarians is that the most ardent  patron of. the best literature is  the man who in one sense or another earns his bread by the  syreat of his brow.  Speaking of works of fiction  he said:  What harm will happen to the  man who has been toiling all day  in a busy workshop, if at night  he. spends an hour or two in  watching the wild waves with  Paul Dombey, or wandering  through green fields with little  Nell and her grandfather. I have  never yet met a man who has become an intemperate through  joining in the revels of Bob Sawyer's Party, or whose morals have  been undermined by the blandishments of Fanny Squeers or Mrs.  Gamp.  I certaintly would not deprive  a son or daughter of mine of the  pleasure of reading good novels,  believing that in them are found  splendid ideals of manly and  womanly worth. Deny a living  imagination, a cultivated intelligence, good works of fiction, and  you deny it the brightest and  most attractive form of Vtruth"  for. human nature is ever true,  and no healthier ocupation can  the mind have than studying  human nature in its highest and  noblest aspect. Writers of fiction have set themselves the task  of showing that the vehicle they  employ, without being dry and  tedious, can be rendered serviceable to every noble principle.  Novels can convey many abiding  and generous lessons; they have  interested the good feelings of  humanity, and "gained over the  imagination to the side of virtue,  and without crushing the passions  directed them aright." The objection that novels are not "true"  is an absurd one, if urged by a  person who would read history  or biography. That which was  history" yesterday, a Carlyle, may  relegate to the regions of mischevious -myth tomorrow; but  "The Vicar of Wakefield, "Jane  Eyre" and "Adam Bede" will be  "true" as long as a human heart  beats in a human bosom.  ���������   ���������   ���������  Letters of Appreciation  Editor Western Call.  Dear Sir: I am enclosing herewith $10.00 as my contribution  toward the worthy attempt to acquire title to the "Bursill Institute." When I consented three  years ago to act as co-trustee for  this institute, I then believed and  still believe that it was a move in  the right direction, and was prepared to give my services to  footer anything for the benefit of  the community.  I am glad that there are public  spirited citizens who are showing  a keen interest in the endeavor  to accomplish    that ' wbich we  hoped to accomplish three years  ago, that is, acquire for the people, free of encumbrance, an institute of this  /kind   which is  spoken highly' of and is appreciated by the resident district in  which it is situated.    -  Wishing you every success,  I am, yours truly,  EUGENE CLEVELAND.  J. Dixon . G. Murray  House Phone: Bay. 886 House Phone: Bay. 1187L  \I  Office Phone:  Seymour 8765-8766  l DIXON & MURRAY  & Office and Store Fixture fl������|nulacturers  X Jobbing Carpenters  X , Painting!, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  t    Shop.' 1065 Dunsmuir St. VaneoHvor. ������jC.   i  * '  ri  ' ,v/>  ***M*************4*****4*********4****4**4****t*******  Pease Pacific Foundry Limited ii  HEATING AND VENTILATING ENGINEERS  " Economy *  MANUFACTURERS  Staam H������tn and Vantflatora for PobMe Bonding*  Warn Air rnmaew ��������� ComMnatioa Furnaeaa  8t������UB ud Hot Watar Bolton. Baciatat*  ii |/Iaj|| " Btaam aad Hot Watar Bdtora  BadJatora. Pip* and Fittnsa  I   1116 Homer St.     Vucoever.B.c.    Tel. Sey. 3230 j;  ?'������u������11111111:11 iii 1111 n i i inn 111; hi i ti if t* it 11 iV ���������  -X  WHAT DO YOU THUf-C 07 THESE AFTER CHRISTMAS BAJtOAOTO?  Toffy Bars, fancy, 2 pkgs    Spearmint (Digest) Gum, 2 pkgs  .-   Gold Flake Cigarettes, regular 20c, now 10c.   Great reductions on fancy boxes  of Candy, and Pipes.  THAT NEW STORE  LEE BUILDING We lead, others follow. 169 BROADWAY, E.  *\  M  "t.������.I..|..|.HKH^K^������.:"l"t"I"I"H"l-M"H- :<^i^^*********At*********44f  Sovereign Radiators  i  T  Artistic in design.  Perfect in finish.  Made in Csuistda.  Taylor-Forbes Co.  LIMITED    '  Vancouver* B. C.  *  I  X  ���������.���������**********���������*****���������  *  Editor Western Call.  Dear Sir: "Would you be good  enough to place the enclosed $10  to the credit of the Bursill Institute Fund, as a small contribution  toward the acquiring of the title  to this institution and as a mark  of appreciation of the work it has  been doing since its inception.  I am glad to be associated with  such public spirited men as the  committee in this behalf rand trust  that their endeavor will meet with  sufficient response to allow them  to convey to the municipality, in  fee simple, the premises, free of  encumbrances.  Believe me, yours faithfully,  J. W.WEABT.  Western Call Subscribers.  J. W. Weart  $10.00  E. W. Cleveland     10.00  Alfred Shaw  ...........    10.00  H. .Sparling ........      5.00  W. Calder  P. Chapman  Office Telephone: Sey. ****  1  VXi  Merchants Cartage Co.  EXPRESS, TRUCK AND PRAY  Orders by Mail or Telephone Promptly Attended to.  F������ed and Salca Stables:  716 Cambie Street  146 Water Street  Phone Sey. 8078 VANCOUVER, 8. C.  ������������������*t������ft������f������������f ���������������������������'���������������������������������f t������������������������������������f ���������'���������������������������'���������������������������������������������������������������t������f ���������  WATERWORKS  LUWTPO  -Gate Valves, Hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Meters, <  ��������� ---������>, Pig Lea4, r4~ "J *  HfeB__ft_R  Lead Pig;, Fig Lead, Pipe and  Railway Track Tools and White Waste  Concrete Hirers and ^eeitarrows.  I   Phone: Sey. 8942. Uoi Pominion Puilding. <  Phone Fairmont 1X40  ���������'./���������v'-,'.:iKntf:-.w.-wp/w'  PRINTING OR ADVERTISING  V  tutw*' aaeeJal rlag eStr. Sell- K-ct. W������d_l_, Rln( a_4 ������ltk.w  !tj2^l/KM������ar Mag for S _/��������� Ot iollnrtj ma||e4 tt**.tt������r  uUnt* i������T������i ������ri_. ������w������������-4 !���������������. aow, mn������ PajTifooa feUrwy.  Uaitctc mar-elloat raise, solid H<t. Wadding Ki... ..  eitheriS-et.GemBIng.MtwithDiamondsRabieaPearls.Ac ;ut  40/- (qf dollars), or lO/- with order and 20r- on deliver-.  Speciil attention given to foreign anqniria*.    Write for Lirt.  * MASTERS', LM., Hssa Stores, RTC. Cag.  C. 0. D.  If the Cash-on-Delivery System is in use in your country, then  you need only send 10/ for either 2 Kings you select and pay  balance when you receive the Kings.   Masters, Ltd., Eye, England.  MASTERS' LTD.  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOGUE  may be seen at  203 KINGSWAY  any day  between 8 a. m.  and Srp.'m.  Saturday, till 12  noon.  Orders left with  V. Odium.  x ' ���������     I  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, February 5, 1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B: C.  Telephone: Fairmont 1140.   SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.   $1.50 Outside Canada.  Q If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.   ,  BARKING UP THE  WRONG TREE  The editor of the Montreal Witness is barking  , up the wrong tree again.   In.the editorial, "Hate  v the Greatest Danger," he says:    "Some other  path to friendship and'peace, must be found than  a sound thrashing."  But this is the .only argument any German  ever has or ever will understand and be it clearly  understood "that the Briton has made it plain to  all the earth that he can administer a sound  thrashing, without cherishing the slightest tinge  of hate against the thrashed one. This is really  Britain's greatest stunt and rather differentiates  her among the nations.   .  But, hate or no hate, Germany has got to be  thrashed and thrashed to a finish, ere. peace can  - even be thought of���������let alone talked of.  The German Zollverein must be forever destroyed, German philosophy and theology utterly,  discredited and Prussian militarism and Kultur-  ground into powder so fine as to.be beyond all  thought of reconstruction, and the Kaiser, his  ,. 'sons and imMediate counsellors.put on trial,for1  ,   their lives as pirates, thieves and murderers.  History does not contain a more awful story  of degenerate crime than that committed by official Prussia ���������and with full premeditation ���������  upon Belgium.  If the Germans want British friendship it  can only be had by a national "return to common  decency every article of which they have nationally transgressed.-. - ���������;'  There is no room on earth for, the present  . devilish German spirit that planned to brutally  maim the Belgian nation, to the point of virtual  extermination, as a race and were only withheld  from their foul design by the universal voice of  Christendom raised in theatening disapproval.  Unless the German nation.gives unmistakable  evidence of. "a, new, heart" conversion from the  outrageous teaching and leadership that has  brought about the present holocaust1, there can  remain.nothing but the complete break up of the  nation as such and the subjugation of the minor  parts under a safer even if foreign leadership.  We hope���������we have always- hoped���������that Germany would finally be found side.by side with  Britain "a blessing in the earth." But the  shortest���������yes, the only way there���������is a licking  that will make every bone ache and nerve smart  until for very" nausea Germany^vomits up-the  devilish doctrine that has possessed her and made  her the greatest curse the world has ever known.  And she is going to get it. make no mistake. Mr.  Editor of the Montreal Witness.  -X-  BJOBTY-SEVEN TBJfrPJSBS FOB BBBLIN.  Eighty-seven recruits have been obtained by  Private D. Sherrin. 4th Battalion, the Buffs,  stationed at Canterbury, by means of a small  poster he had printed containing a humorous  exhortation copied from The Daily Mail.  Here is the placard:  TO BERLIN.  The country _b encouraging a trip to Germany  in the spring for a few -  SPORTSMEN.  All hotel expenses and rail fares paid.  Good shooting and hunting.  Ages 18-33.   Rifles and ammunition supplied  -    ���������-. free.  CHEAP TRIP UP THE RHINE.  Apply at once, as there is only a limited  number (one million) required.  Private Sherrin sells copies at a penny and  gives the proceeds to one of the war funds.  *^*********AH******<~tt<'W  1     Bl PREPABEP!    I  v '���������   j - -' .-'���������' *    ~ X ������������������' "V- ���������;���������" , *  %        Every. Canadian should protect himself and %  *, family by carrying a policy in\  %  __  M UTUAL LI FE OF CANADA  Established 1869  ^ " CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL\*  *  *  *  %  X         For  rates  and   full information see our %  % agents, or *  W. J. TWISS I  _ *  District  Manager ���������>  .*  *  v.  317-319 ROGERS BUILDING *  .  .  ri y  %-x~x-*x~:,.x~x~x--x~>v-t~x~:~:-.x .^-.x-x~x~x~x-  WHAT OUR U. S.  FRIENDS ARE DOING  Editor Western Call.  My Dear Sir: If in your paper you could  find room for the accompanying appeal of the  British America Relief Fund, or any part of it,  you would greatly help what we believe to be a  very worthy cause, and would place under a  heavy obligation the ladies and gentlemen who  are working for it, and the men for whom they  make this appeal.  I need not assure you that any help in the  way of publicity you can give the Fund, I would  consider a personal kindness, and would make  me extremely grateful.  I jam, most sincerely yours,  (Signed) RICHARD HARDING DAVIS.  -X-  AN APPEAL.  ' The men of Great Britain with their Allies  are fighting not only for their own existence  and to restore Belgium, but against tlie domination of.militarism throughout the world.  , From the English, Scotch and Irish many  millions of our countrymen are descended. We  speak the same language; our traditions, standards and ideals are the same.  On behalf of the soldiers and sailors at the  front and in the hospitals, the British American  Relief Fund issues this appeal to those who in  this straggle sympathize with Great Britain.  It asks for warm clothing, comforts and  necessities. '       . '   X  The articles required are mufflers, wristlets,  socks (size 10 or 11), woolen gloves (size 9 and  10), abdominal belts, woolen helmets, colored  handkerchiefs, woolen underdrawers, undershirts, cardigan. jackets, sweaters and tobacco,  and for the hospitals, old linen, bandages, antiseptic, gauze and anesthetics. X  , * The society has been in existence only since  October 20, but contributions have been received  from nearly each state of the United Stated1,  from Canada and the West Indies.  The articles already forwarded have been acknowledged by Lord Kitchener in the following  cablegram:   .  -  '.'tjirst consignment of gifts from, women of,  America for British on active service received  with much-appreciation and gratitude; Letter  follows. ' "        ' X     .     ���������  .'   -   "kitchener;  "Secretary of State for War."  '' Any cash donation will be used in the purchase of these articles.  In order that your contribution may benefit  those in America as well as those abroad, all  articles will be purchased here..  ' No money will be sent out of this country. ~  ���������Through the- co-operation of British steam*  ship lines, all consignments are delivered in England free of charge, and the British War Offica  guarantees prompt^ delivery to the men at tn|  front and in the hospitals.  All contributions in kind and all .communications to be addressed to Mrs. Ralph Sanger,  British American War Relief Fund, 200 Fifth1  Avenue, and all nioney contributions will be  gladly received at the same address by Mr. Henry  J. Wbitehouse.  The Fund is under the patronage of thtf  Presidents of St. Andrew's Society, the St J  George's Society, the St. David's Society and1  the Canadian Society. '  Committee ��������� Lady Herbert, President-. Mrs?  Ralph Singer, Seeretary; Mr. Henry Whitehouse,  Treasurer. -   -  Judge Barlow Mrs. J. P. Morgan, Jr.     !  Mrs. A. S. Burden Prof. H. Fairfield Osborn r  Mrs, Alfred Coats .Mr. Moses Taylor Pyne  Mr. Richard Harding Davis Mr. ,Ogden Reid  Mrs. J. W. Dixon  Mrs. W. R. Farquhar  Mrs. Charles Dana Gibson  Mr. Elliott Gregory  Mr. Arcber Huntington  Mrs. Oliver Iselin  Mrs. J. Elliott Langstaff  Mrs. John Magee  Mrs. Walter E. Maynard  Mr. John G. Milburn  MrB. Shaw Safe   '  Mrs. J. H. Sears  Mr. .^orrie Sellar  Colonel R. F. Thompson  Mrs. George Vanderbilt  Mrs. H. J. Whigham  Mrs. F. W. Whitridge  Mr. f!'w. Whitridge  Miss H. M. Wiborg  Mr. R. M. Stuart Wortley   X .���������������������������  MT.  PLEASANT  PBBSBYTBBIAN  CHURCH  SUNDAY SCHOOL ENTERTAINMENT  In aid of the "Material Fund" of the Red Cross  Society, under the auspices of the  Women's Guild,  School Room, Friday, February 5th at 8.00 p. m.  -X-  NEW PASTOR FOR THE MOODY CHURCH,  CHICAGO.  The Rev. Paul Rader, until recently pastor of  the Christian Missionary Alliance tabernacle of  Pittsburg, Pa, has been called to the Moody  Church, Chicago.  Although German in name, we are willing to  guarantee that there is no German philosophy  or theology in his make up.  The Moody Church has been without a pastor  since Dr. Dixon left for Spurgeon's Tabernacle  in London. The Chicago church did call a man  but, it may be remembered, he perished in the  Teutonic. ��������� ?������������������-'"  -X-  " ALASKA'S- YIELD.  For the first time in the history of Alaska  the value of sea products in 1914 exceeded those  of the mines, according to statistics compiled by  the Alaska Steamship Company. They include  canned salmon, halibut, furs, walrus ivory. The  ocean yielded $23,112,000, as against $19,248,000,  of mineral products, chiefly gold, copper and  silver. Miseellaeous products of the soil and  forest amounted to $300,000, making Alaska's  total for the year $42,660,000.  X '- , X XX;  MR. P. H. STEVENS, M. P.;  v. kkk/ ,',',V.X  k XVx,"  Mr. H. H. Stevens, M.P., was delayed, onXsBritishColumbia will not be forgdttenV Already  business but left for Ottawa last night (Wednes- there is considerable stir in the lumber trade and  day). Many important contracts (war) jare now it lobks as if the immediate future would .bring  pending and it is hoped  that Vancouver and    some cheering news. V   ���������   "���������������������������'��������� X  ^000,000 ORDER GIVEN FOR MILITARY  X        UjnyofcMS  Toronto.���������A hine-raillion-dollar order for  *' \ military untfbiriis f^oihv the British Government^ v  like the golden apple whieh was roiled amongst  the goddesses, has caused a bit of stir in manufacturing ^circles, especially amongst those manufacturers who failed to get a share of the big  -British contract. . X-  Advice was recently; given to tlie wholesale  clothing interest in this city and iu Montreal  from Ottawa that Colonel Barton was about to  arrive in Canada to biiy military uniforms,for  the British War Office. They were advised to  get together tp determine the capacity of. their  factories, and to fix a price at which the work  could be done in Canada. Accordingly an organization of leading Canadian clothing makers and  dealers was formed, and all arrangements were  made for the purchase of sufficient cloth to fill  the large _B_ri^h^>der������^b.on the- tjrae came  for submitting samples and^ pW^ t^lDoIonel  Barton, for some reason best known to the British purchasing agent the tender given by the  organized group of clothiers ^vere rejected,, and  now reprisals are being sought at Ott'awtX  The nine millions was so divided that five  .million dollars went to the clothing \trade in  Montreal, while four million dollars was spent  amongst various individual firms in Toronto.  The largest portion of the contract placed in  Toronto is being handled by the T. Eaton Company, which, Jt is estimated, has an order for  100,000 pieces. Another order for 40,000 pieces  has been placed with Burgher & Dunkerman, of  Richmond Street West. The entire allocations  of the orders in Toronto, totalling in value four  million dollars, is not known.  -X-  BIO LUMBER CONTRACT  British Columbia Mills Tendering for 600,000,000  Feet of Lumber  British Columbia mills are now tendering on  one of the largest lumber contracts opened for  world-wide competition. Through the British  Government, the Chamber of Deputies of France  is asking for a supply of 500,000.000 feet of lumber to be used in the construction of 100,000 two-,  roomed houses. These small homes are to house  that vsection of France's population which has  losHts all through the ravages of war.  ,   5,000 FACTS ABOUT CANADA  "Know Canada! make Canada known!" is a  striking sentence in the War Year edition for  1915 of that popular booklet '' 5.000' Facts About  Canada." compiled by Frank Yeigh, of. Toronto.,  who knows Canada as probably few Canadians  do. jIt is true that he who would know Canada  and its wonderful growth in any oneiyear, will  find this annual publication "worth its weight;  in Yukon gold or Cobalt silver," while as a  means of making the Dominion known in other  conn tries, it' is no less valuable. Fifty chapters  are devoted to such subjects as Agriculture,  Area. .Banking. Cpiisus. Immigration, Mining.  "Manufacturing, Trade, etc.. and.a page of Canadian War   Facts   show   how   up-to-date  it is.  Sketch Maps are included of the Dominion .in  1867 and 1915.   Copies miy be Jiad from pro-V  gressive newsdealers, 6r by sending 25c; to the  Canadian   Facts   Publishing   Co.,; 588   Huron:  Street,',Toronto, Canada;,;X x h'��������� X';vX ���������'.     v-X  ,x^  CZAR OITWHBP tQ IJAWt WU������E Aim  AVOW WAB  ____';--  Bussia Bares Contents^ of Note AiiWng Awsiro.  Serbian Bow Be ArWtrated  Petrograd���������The Official Messenger publishes v  the followmg:  "The German government has published several telegrams which the Emperor of Russia exchanged with Emperor W!illiam before the war.  Among these telegrams,''nevertheless, is one  whichVeasV not 'published1, a dispatch from his  Russian majesty dated July 29, 1914, containing  _a proposition to submit the Austro-Serbian con-  flicrto ThC|Iaigp"tnbtm1dv  "This has an appearance of a desire in Germany to pass over in silence the attempt! to prevent the approaching collision 'which the Russian emperor made three days before the war  which Germany declared against us.  "In view of-this, the minister of. foreign  affairs is authorized to puolish the telegrwh  mentioned; of which this is the text:  " ' Thanks for your ..conciliatory and friendly  telegram. Inasmuch as the official message presented today by your ambassador to my minister was conveyed in a very different tone, I  beg you to explain this'divergency. It would be  right to give over the Austro-Serbian problem to  The Hague conference. I trust in your wisdom  and friendship.'" ,  '��������� : ���������X ��������� ������������������;   -"  THE AMERICAN SHIPPING BILL  (From the New York Sun.)  The economic objections to the ship-purchase  bill which Mr, Wilson wants-to force through  Congress may not be clearly understood by  everybody, but it requires no great information  about the intensity of the war spirit in Europe  or about our foreign relations of. the past few  years to realize that the United States could not  become involved in hostilities with England  without Vhaving to ' reckon with all her allies.  On the international law that governs seizures  at sea, or at least upon the interpretation of the  la,w, It is a foregone conclusion that England  and France would stand together. It is equally  certain that the binding obligation of the Anglo-  Japanese treaty as : its affects common interests  in Asia would bring Japan into a conflict. As  to Russia, our relations with her are still strained  rather fineXand it is a fact to remember that  in her war with Japan Russia went to "ithe extreme in defining jand dealing with contraband.  It'would be stretching the truth to describe Russian feeling toward the United States as friendly.  The folly, the madness, of embarking upon  any unnecessary and un-American policy that  might in its workings blow our neutrality sky  high and embroil us not only with one great  Power but with four"-great Powers is manifest  to the plainest understanding. --        >-    ���������!     X  4       ^ J?i  % 1  Friday, February 5, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  BRITISH ARMY NOW 3,000,000 STRONG  London, Peb. 5iX-The- army estimates to  which Parliament \#ll devote the first part of  next week's session give ihe number of effective  men in the army, exclusive of those serving in  India, at three million. ,'  There is this year'a novel change in the form  of the estimates, as no totals of. estimated expenditures are given. The vote under each of  the fifteen headings is set at the nominal figure  price of ������1000. This- gives the House of Commons opportunity for the discussion of each  heading, while the government may spend whatever is necessary under these various headings  to .prosecute the war.   : x__ __  LOSS OF THE ASAMA JAPANESE CRUISER  Tokyo. Feb. 5.���������An official report received in^  Tokyo on the loss of the cruiser Asama on the  western coast of LoweE. Colifornia says that all  the officers and members of the crew of the warship have been saved. X V    v  The'Asa'ma'-sthick'v^ tne  northwestern coast of the Mexican republic. The  extent of the damage'He the steamer is not  known, nor can anything be said as to the possibility of saving her. ~ The absence in Tokyo of  direct news from the Asama suggests that her  wireless has been disabled.  Exchequer in Unionist Administrations, at a  meeting of the London Joint Stock Bank said  that in the opinion' of-everyone the Government,  had acted promptly, vigorously and courageously, the result being that in a comparatively  short time credit and confidence were restored,  and all concerned had time to. work out their  own salvation.  He considered the present state of the country sound, and did not think there ever was a  midwinter before when trade and employment  were so thoroughly good.  President Famous of the Parr Bank said the  Government   had   saved   the   fabric   of   credit  throughout the civilized world.   _< :���������  P. O. E. RAILS IN LILLOOET FEBRUARY 12  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������*������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������������������������������������������*���������������  A BUSY CORNER IN VANCOUVER  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*��������������������������������������������������� ^���������^���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������,������������������������>������>������������������������.������-������->-������-������,������������������������������������������>������>������������������������������t*>������<������������������'  j-j j i.,'j  i ���������  -X ���������  " X   1  The' casting away of! the Japanese cruiser  Asama was reported to Washington yesterday  by Rear-Admiral Howard, commander of. the  American fleet. In this report the number of  men on board the Japanese vessel was placed  at 500.     '  Clothed in Secrecy  Washington, Feb. 5.���������Rescue orders for the  Japanese ship Asama, ashore and breaking up  on the Lower California coast, were cloaked in  secrecy here today to protect the neutrality of  the United States. On the theory that information of the disabled ship might become of value  to the Germen men-of-war in the Pacific, the  navy department kept secret its latest despatches  from Rear-Admiral Howard, commander of the  Pacific fleet, sent from his flagship, the cruiser  San Diego, in the neighborhood of. Ensenada^and  refused information of the movements of American men-of-war gone to the Asama's aid.   X   BANKERS OF BRITAIN LAUD LLYOD  GEORGE x  London, EnglandX-Just now the great banking corporations are holding annual, meetings,  and ungrudging testimony is given by the presidents in every case to the energetic and capable  methods by which the Government have coped  with the financial aspect of the crisis.  For instance, Lord"St. Aldwyn (formerly Sir  Michael Hicks-Beach), twice Chancellor of the  1 Grafting Finished March 1  Grading is now approaching the completion  stages on the entire line of the Pacific Great  Eastern Railway, announced Mr. J. W. Stewart,  president of the company, this morning upon his  return from a- trip "along?the 'route as far as  Fort George, the terminal, and the junction  point with the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway.  He said that the contractors expect to have the  intervening uncompleted stretches on the roadbed prepared for the rails by the end of the  month. He was accompanied on his inspection  trip by Mr. A. E. Griffin, superintendent of construction for Mr. Pat Welch, the contractor.  Track will be extended from the head of  Anderson Lake to Lillooet by February 12, estimate the contractors. The operating department  of the P. G. E. expect to put on a mixed freight  and passenger service to that point about the  middle of the month. Lillooet is 120 miles from  Sciuamish, the Howe Sound terminal. Between  Lillooet and Clinton, which is another 50 miles  further north, there is considerable amount of  bridge work to'be done. The foundations have  already been installed for the largest of the  structures, a 2900-foot long bridge over the first  crossing of the Fraser River. It will probably  take about two months to build the superstructure, it is estimated. Steel will likely reach  Clinton about August 1, according to present  approximate calculations.,'���������-.....  ,������������������  x  x   ,.,;. :;,. xx.xxx.x v-,,/--  GOVERMENTAL AID FOR DEPOSITORS OF  DOMINION TRUST  Attorney-General announces that Mr. E. P.  Davis, K.C., has been appointed to lead the fight  for depositors rights up to the highest courts if  need be and that Government will pay cost.  Government will also advance $250,000 due  from bonding- companies and take chances of  making good in  collection if companies fight  , payments "    '  , Depositors went into thes company innocently  and are entitled to some assistance now, says  t attorney-general.  CORNER GRANVILLE AND HASTINGS STS.  M,f, + , + ,t������t>f,+ , + , + , + ��������� + ��������� + ,+ ��������������������������������� + ������������������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������/������������������ ������������������������t������������������t������t������t������������t������t������t������������'t������������������������������������������t������������������*������t'H't������t������t������t't^*������'t������t'������������*������t<*  X  SENATOR ROOT WARNS U. S. AGAINST "SWP 1WHAS& BUT  \  ^*,+,4,4,4*4*4*4*4*4******************  . (From Chicago Tribune.)  The most authoritative condemnation of President Wilson's ship purphase bill by any public  mun up to date and the gravest warning of the,  dangers involved in the proposed legislation  were uttered in the Senate this afternoon by  Senator Root, of New York.  ;" Speaking with the jcnbivledge and experience  of one7 who has served as seecretary of state and  as the representative of the United States in.international disputes, Mr. Root, solemnly asserted  that, the'purchase-of ships from the nationals of  belligerent powers would be. held. V invalid; by  Europe_anaXwould^almost_certain^  the. American republic into the foreign conflict.  "I am arguing against the government of the  United States buying, not a ship, but an international quarrel witlTevery ship," said the senator with an earnestness and impressiveness that  awed the crowd in the chamber. "Somebody said  to me: 'It is buying a claim, not the ship.' No,  I saying it is buying a quarrel, not a ship. And  I say, remember the condition of the world."  Will Divide Own People.  Again toward the close of his three hour argument, referring to the passions at home as well  as abroad that would be. stirred among the partisans of. one belligerent by the purchase of the  ships of an enemy nation, Mr. Root uttered this  warning:  "If you precipitate this country into a controversy where Europe feels and acts upon the  feeling that we have taken sides we will rend  ourselves."  Exhaustively presenting the international law,  the senator showed that the European powers  could not - possibly' recognize the purchase of the  ships of belligerents as valid, and asserted it  would be dangerous to clothe with vast powers  an official, like Secretary of the Treasury Mc-  Adoo. who does not believe that such purchases  would involve the sovereignty of the American  nation.  Peril Nation-to Aid Party.  Mr. Root scathingly arraigned the administration for making a partisan matter of a  measure which brings the republic "into the  ��������� water's edge,'' where political differences ought  to be buried in universal and unbiased consideration for the highest welfare of. the country.  "There is no crime against our country so  wicked," he sternly declared, facing the Democratic majority, "as the crime of conducting our  international relations with a view to party  popularity."  - ���������'." The New York statesman accused the administration of giving to the country, for the purpose of making political capital, a false impression on the president's protest to Great Britain  concerning the search of American cargoes before that protest wW delivered. The "misrepresentation, which sensationally depicted the administration fighting "frightful odds and fearful  danger," whereas it was merely doing a duty  +4*4*4*4*4++**4*4*************** ***********************************************+<  ( with which ne one at home or abroad, could find  fault, Mr. Root said, was ''a crime against tlie  American people and against the peace of the  World."      ('������������������ ���������'.'��������� '  Take Away Europe's Chance.  After'analyzing tljeinternational law, Senator  Root said:;': "��������� . ��������� '.'���������."'���������  "The ordinary trade in ships is.richXfc^e  prevented. Trade in the ordinary/course'-. of  business is not to be prevented. The ordinary  devolution of property is npt to be interfered  with. If the owner of a ship belonging to a belligerent dies the property may /devolve upon a  neittraL     X        . X: _.^i^,XX.: XvlX;X-,Xv X  **But none, of these great nations will permit  a citizen of an enemy to rob them pf their prize  by transferring the ships they are entitled to  capture on the high seas to a neutral.  "No one will contend for a moment that the  Hamburg-American line or the Norths German  Lloyd line is selling its ships in the ordinary  course of business or for any reason other than  that they cannot go out on the ocean and carry  oh their business, and no one would doubt it if  we were to buy a British ship and put it in the  Bremen trade or the Hamburg trade.  "There can be no purchase now of ships that  have been lying idle six months under the conditions of. this war that is not stamped with the:  purpose that invalidates the transfer under the  rule of the declaration of London equally with  those old and more severe rules which were presented at the beginning of the conference.  Europe's Law to Be Enforced.  "There is the law of Europe and against that  we will come; and, I repeat, it is their law that  will be enforced in the treatment of this subject.  We would be left to protest and attempt to get  Ihem or some court of arbitration to abandon  their rule and adopt ours. How easy it would  be, sir. for us|to bring that about through the  voluntary action of any country or the action of  any court of arbitration, in view of the fact that  they have adopted the rule of the declaration of  London to which our delegates finally agreed, to  which our government agreed in sending it to  the Senate for ratification, and to which the  Senate" agreed^by advising and consenting to the  . ratification. I shall not discuss.  "There is only one possible escape from the  condemnation and. forfeiture of a prize court for  every ship of this kind that is purchased. That  is, the possible protection of the sovereignty of  the United States, preferring to occupy the position of violating neutrality rather than to submit  to condemnation.  Violation of Neutrality. X  "What is the meaning, sir, of the violation  of neutrality? It means taking sides in the controversy. It means helping one belligerent  against aTiotherX It means that we abandon the  attempt to be neutral and Ave take steps in the  great conflict; and we cannot stop. We cannot  measure the number of steps. One unneutral act  by us will lead to acts by others that will compel  further .acts by us, more acts by others, until we  are in tbe^ thick of the controversy.  "Recall to your minds all that you have read  during the last six months of the condition of  feeling on the part of the people in all these  countries-r-England, Belgium* France, Germany,  Russia, Servia, all of them���������tense to the highest  degree in that condition of exaltation which  holds prudence for naught.  "Why, sir, we were ready to fight from  Mason and Dixon's line t9 Canada on the instant  when Mason and Slidell were taken froni the  Trent and Great Britain mobilized her fleet. It  was^ru^  We m could not stand -against the gallant south  and' against mighty England. Our blockade  would be gone, but we were ready to fight because every heart of the north was full of emotion and every nature was tense with feeling and  we cared naught for prudence. That is Europe  .today. ' '���������"'���������' ���������.���������....  Feeling of America Divided.  , "Oh, my friendb, if we are going to maintain  our neutrality we must hold close to it and keep  out of. all needless ieauses of controversy. And  let us remember ourselves. We have kept hitherto a United Amenica; We have stood behind the  president in his neutrality declaration. Here and  there there has been fault found on one side or  the other, but we have stood by him; but do not  forget that there are here millions of Germans  who love their fatherland, and I honor them for  it. I should think less of them if their natures  were not awakened by the peril and the stress  of the land that gave birth to them and their  fathers.  "They are alive and tense. There are millions of men of English blood born and bred with  a love for Anglo-Saxon liberty and the laws that  we inherit from England. Do not imagine that  they ar6 not thinking and feeling, and if you  precipitate this country into a controversy where  Europe feels and acts upon the feeling that we  have;taken sides we will'rend ourselves.;-."  " No, the only' safe course is to keep out of  unnecessary  controversial   questions   of  law,  to  keep out with as. great care and conservation as  possible, for we never can tell where a contro-'  versy will lead us.  "Mr. President, I deeply regret that any  shade of party politics has fallen upon the consideration of this measure. .When we have  reached the water's edge we have said 'we leave  party.  '--".,  "This bill proposes a business whieh is  all beyond the water's edge, international in its  aspect and in its. purpose. It is international at  a time of intense emotion and certain controversy. I wish -we could have considered it. I  wish ���������'we could consider it now as Americans  earnest for the peace and prosperity of our  country forgetful of party.  "Mr. President and senators,-..there is no  crime against our country so wicked as the crime  of conducting four international relations with r������  view to party popularity. The two considerations  are incompatible and cannot exist at the same  time in any mind. He who has charge of our  foreign affairs must deal with them regardless  of the effect upon his political future or his  party's advantage or he cannot deal with them  as the public demands. The man who is considering his political future and his party's advantage should keep out of foreign relations.  The two cannot co-exist."  -X-  "FLETCHERISW" in BELGIUM.  New York Times:���������Horace Fletcher, the new  epicure and philosopher of mastication, has  found the .ideal field������for his propaganda in  suffering Belgium. The Belgians haven't enough  to eat. Everybody knows that, and everybody  -must���������realize -that^ theHttttle-they^havemusthe  made to go as far as possible. Mr. Fletcher, who  bias done astonishing stunts in the Yale gymnasium and elsewhere on a fraction of the food  deemed necessary for grown men, has taken up  headquarters in Bruges and announces triumphantly: "I have eight million people to work on.  Cut off from the world here, we have nothing  else to do. Moreover, food is running short, and  can be made to last much longer by careful  chewing." Twelve hungry Belgians, who would  else have nought to eat, have come to be his  disciples.  -X-  THE DOMINION TRUST  Chief. Justice Hunter has given leave to Mr.  Andrew Stewart, liquidator of the Dominion  Trust Company, to start civil actions against the  directors of the company for alleged misfeasance  and breaches of trust.  -X-  Attomey-General Bowser  Quickly Silences His Critics  (Continued from Page One)  As a matter of fact Mr. Bowser's two hour  effort left his opponents speechless and supplied  abundant evidence, if such were needed, that  British Columbia has in Attorney-General Bowser a official not only highly competent in his  special sphere but one .-with the marks of a great  and capable statesman.  Mr.-. Bowser .should repeat his effort in Vancouver at an earlv date and also invade the territory of "The Chinook."  It is rumored that the Liberal party have  dumped a great slush fund into Vancouver in  the hopes of overthrowing Mr. Bowser on the  head of the Dominion Trust.crash,'when so many  people have been thrown into semi-desperation  and ready to prounce on any scapegoat that may  be brought to their hand.  mi   ��������� h  This   outrageous  attack    on    the    common  honesty of a  man who- has borne an unspotted  reputation will prove a boomerang and indicates  the depth of hopelessness to which the Liberal  [   parly in B. C. has sunk.  *  ������*  > K  ���������>     I    r  f -      I THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, February 5, 1915.  ^������j~j~j~H*^~>*W-->^KK<*H^,->,i,,i~J~M*,i*-> **************************  TIKBEB  B-SCTOKATXOVS  *  Mount Pleasant Livery J  TRANSFER |  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  * at all hours.  i  Phone Fairmont 34*9  ... .*.  ���������   Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  X  *******^^****.j^**>********* ������>^l^^\^V*******<^l'**********  4.**************,^^*****^***      *******,*****i*****A>*****^  % Baxter & Wright 1  COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS  ::  ;���������  Cash or  Easy  !: Payments  $40000  Stock to  Choose  From  Come in and talk it over when looking for furniture.  BAXTER #\VR!QHT  ���������;   Phone .Seymour 771 418 Main Street  ** * 11 * M"l l * 1 l***44**4*>**W4y*^  ' * ' V ������������������::''���������''���������' 7.-X   ���������' .J  ''-..''     '���������   '.'.'.'���������' .'���������.'.���������''.������������������;''������������������������������������'���������'.' ���������'.' .  Commercial Printing ai "Weslern tall" Otilce  by presenting your good  wife with an uprtp-date  motor washing machine and  ball-bearing wringer; one of  ours will please her.  We have a complete stock  of OMfaw JHy^i W^-  lioards, Wash PoUtn, f������V������  and Clothes Pins.  We deliver promptly.  W.ROwenlUVlorrison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  Governing Timber on Dominion lands  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the  North West Territories, the Railway  Belt in the Province of British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres Located by the Dominion  in the Peace River District in British  Columbia.  lienm  A license to cut timber on a tract not  exceeding: twenty-five square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of $5.00 per square  mile, per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Yale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the. rate of  5 cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section 20 of the  regulations.  Timfcer Vtrmlta aad. Oom  Permits may be granted in the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile in extent, on payment of dues at  the: rat* of SO cents per thousand feet,  B.M., and subject to payment of rental  at the rat* of $100 per square mile, pa-  annum.  Ttmbwr for XomMtMUtera  Any occupant of a homestead quartet  section having no timber of his own  suitable for the purpose may, provided  he has not previously been granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a fre* permit to cut the quantity Of building- and  fencing timber set out ln Section 51 of  the Regulations.  W. W. CORY.       X  Deputy,of the Minister of the Interior.  L  moms or coa&  X   MM&ATtosra  Coal mining rights of th* Dominion,  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portin of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term of twenty-one years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not mor* than  2569 acres will be leased to one applicant  Application fer a lease must be! made  by the applicant in person to th* Agent  or Sub-Agent of th* district in which  the rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and In unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked< out by the applicant himself.  Bach application must be accompanied by a fee of $5, which will be refunded if the rights applied for are not  available, but not otherwise. A. royalty shall b* paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of 6 cants  per ton..: ���������  The person; operating the mine ahall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay .the royalty thereon. If the coalmining rights  are. not being operated, such, returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The leas* will Include the coal mining  rights only, but the lease* may be permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may be coasidered necessary for the working of th* mine at the  rat* of $10.00 an acre,  ;  For full Information application should  be made to the Secretary of th* Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands. ���������'"���������'���������__ '"������������������';.���������>. ������������������'���������>������������������  w. w. cort.  K        Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.-^-Unauthorlsed    publication    of  this advertisement will not a* paid for.  TAKE NOTICE that Th* MacDonald-  Oodson Company, Limited, intends to  apply at the expiration of one month  from the date of. the first publication  of this notice to the Registrar of Joint  Stock Companies that '��������� its name be  changed to "MacDonald Bros.", Engineering Works, Limited,"  Dated at Vancouver. B. C thia SCth  day of November A. D. 1914.  ft. >. Stockton,  ,  Secretary t  413 Granville Street,  Vancouver, B. C.  Tlie Pioneer Meat Market  *  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  This is the Oldest Established  Market in Vancouver, an example  of "The Survival of the Fittest"  Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor: FRANK TRIMBLE  Phone: Fairmont  & CO.  We are offering this week  exceptional values in  Ingrain Papers  Now is the time to secure  your paper for your front  room, dining room or hall  and to have them done for  the least possible outlay.  Before placing your order  for Fall decorations, kindly  call or phone  S. B. Redburn & Co.  231/ Main Street  Pbone Fair. 9*8  ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH  Cor.   Broadway  nnd  Prince  Edward   S������  Services���������Morning Prayer at 11 a.m.  Sunday School and  Bible claaa at  i:f>  p.m.   X  Holy Communion every Sunday at 8 ������.n.  Evening Prayer at 7:30 p.m.  and 1st and 3rd Sundays at It  an  Rev. G. H. Wilson. Rector  South Vancouver Undertakers  Hamilton   Bros.  "THIS IS TOO MUCH"  -THE CZAR OF RUSSIA  Translations of two letters from  Professor Adolf Lasson, professor  of philosophy at the University  of Berlin, whieh indicate the  feelings of Germans of the professor's type towards the war,  have been published in the Aberdeen Free Press. The letters,  translated by Professor Alexander  Souter, of Aberdeen University,  appeared originally in the Netherlands Review, which vouches for  their accuracy. The first letter  says:  "Berlin, September, 29, 1914.  "My dear friend:���������For months  I have not written to a single  foreigner: a foreigner is an enemy  until he proves he is not. One  cannot rest neutral in relationship to Germany and the German  people- Either one must consider Germany as the most perfect political creation that history  has known, or one must approve  her destruction, her extermination. A man who is not German  knows nothing of Germany.  "We are morally and intellectually superior to all: without  peers.. It is the same with our organizations and our institutions.  "Wilhelm II., deliciae generis  humani, has" always protected  peace, right, and honor, although  it would have been possible for  him by his power to annihilate  everything. The greater his success, the more modest he has become. His Chancellor, Herr von  Bethmann-Hollweg, the most eminent among men who are at present alive, does not know any  higher cares than those of truth,  loyalty, and right.' Our army is,  as. it were, the image in miniature  of the intelligence and the .morality of the German people.  "Me must sacrifice the best  and the noblest among us in a  war against the Bussian brutes,  the English mercenaries, and the  Belgian fanatics. The French are  those who are most like us. We  shall have no peace as long as the  three European meddlers will not  be stricken down. We wish to  have peace and security, and we  shall guarantee it to others. We  wish to be able to pursue our  work of civilization. . . . We do  good to everybody.  : "England has a policy which  reminds one -'bt the European  States of the? eighteenth century.  Germany, on the: contrary, has  taught the world to use conscience as the gui4e in diplomacy  and to make war in a spirit of  loyalty. England is going to her  ruin. France raiy yet be saved.  As to Russia, she must no more  be our neighbor. This time we  shall wiDe the slate clean. Our  true foe is England. Woe to you,  Albion! God is with us, and is  defending our just cause!  "Adolf Lasson."  Ho Sympathy With Holland-  The second letter treats of the  question ofHolland's,neutralityx  "BerUn, September 30.  "Pear Friend:���������Allow me to  give you some further indications  of what cultivated Germans are  thinking.  "Today Holland can think  what it wishes; but every action  hostile to the German Empire  would have the most serious consequence. For this Holland Nof  today, we Germans have very  little respect and sympathy. We  are breathing, with full chest, the  large breath of History, and we  know nothing about this wretched  bourgeois existence.  "We have no friends. All fear  us and look upon us as dangerous  because we are' intelligent, active  and morally superior. We are the  freest people in the world. For  we know how to obey. Our law  is reason. Our force is the force  of,the mind; our victory the victory of that. That is why we are  able to struggle against numerous  enemies, as did Frederick II, in  other days.  "The"European conspiracy has  woven around us a web of lies  and slander. As for us, we are  truthful j our characteristics are  humanity, gentleness, conscience,  the virtues of Christ. In a world  of wickedness we represent love,  and God is with us!  "Adolf Lasson."  *4*4*4*4**********************4*4*****4*4*****4*4*4*4  S  Our Vancouver Kipling  THE NORTH SEA FIGHT.  At seven bells in the mornin' watch, ~   k  The destroyers reported the foe  Steering West-Sou'-West for another raid,  I suspect, from what I know.  When they sighted our fleet they slewed around  Wiv all possible speed, steering east,  For they know'd at once we'd postpone their show  Of a baby-killin' feast.  Now the Admir'l 'e orders "full steam ahead"  Wiv a view to secure the lee;  The funnels red hot as we chased along;  Lor' 'twas a sight ter see.  Slowly but surely we overhauled  The Kowardly Kultured Kurs, ^  An' at eighteen thousand yards we popped  Our shells in beneath their furs.  The Lion an' Tiger had drawn ahead,  An' 'ad crippled ther Blucher so     Y ���������  That they passed 'er by wiv a British cheer       .  As she toppled an' went below.  Then they popped a shell in the Lion's tank,  'But Beatty transferred 'is flag,  ���������  An' continued the chase fur the bigger fish  Whilst the firin' ne'er did lag.  Ther Kolberg fell to the shot an' shell ."-  Of the Arethusa's crew,  An' the other two ships wiv the squarehead names  Were burnin'fur all they knew.  An' every German killed that day  Got what were a murderer's fate,  And' the nerves o' the others, I'll bet a quid,  Ain't steady right up ter date.  January, 1915, W. A. ELLIS.  4  ���������  *  ������*���������*���������>���������������������������������������������������*���������>���������>���������>������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������4.������������t������  ������������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  i  1  u  The cheapest and best all routid food during war  time is bread. There are other breads, but none  just as delicious and wholesome as Shelly*s 4 X.  Try it yourself. You will tyke it, and you will  always want it. Phone Fairmont 44 or ask your  grocer.  PtUvered Patty.        iX W������\ on Every Imt*  4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4********************************  For Rent & Sale Carets 10c ea. 3 f or25e  We are foremost in our line  for Moderate Priced Funerals  6721 Fraser Street.        Phone: Fraser 19  THE LIMIT.  "My bathing dress is quite a dream;"  Thus Doly broached a pleasing theme-  But when^-I saw her bathe, I thought,  '' Like many dreams, it's been cut short."  ���������Daniel Castello.  THE RETORT���������A certain Mr. Smith  took a lady to the Gentlemen and  Players match at the Oval. She en  joyed herself greatly, and begged him  to take her to the Eton and Harrow  match at Lord's as well. This, for  certain reasons,, he was unwilling to  do, so excused himself on the ground  that as he was neither at Eton nor  Harrow, he did not propose to go to  the mateh. The lady, much nettled,  retorted quickly: "Then why are you  here, because you are neither a player  nor a gentleman " ..  AT HOME  AT THE CLUB  AT THE HOTEL  Ask for  l  The Health-Giving  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes    THE HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY ,mpoi?1H  I '*--^va?.������y;;  Tri^y,v.FiBb^  ;;WBSTElt^E:i^L;  ^^^WlllllliSS  m  I  OWHATAN  WASHINGTON.DC  EALS  OF AMERICAN ID  Located pn PenntylvanU Avenue, 18th and H Streets*  Washington's Newest Hotel.  Ideally   situated,   within   two blocks  oi  the  Executive Man-'  ���������ion. only a short walk to the public buildings, -.hops, theater*  and points of historical interest to visitors artd tourists.  The     famous     Indian     Grill Room, the beautiful Palm Court,'  the delightful Tea Room, Grand Pipe   Organ   (only   one  of  its  kind   in   Washington),   and   an Orchestra of a superfine order,  are attractions greatly  appreciated by Powhatan guests.  Rooms with detached bath,   $1.50, $2.00 and up.  Rcoms  with  private  bath.   $2.50, $3.00 and up.  Write for booklet with map.  CLIFFORD M. LEWIS,  Manager.  Ail tor medal IUmt-t- for BiM-t Couptet. CMmattau, Tnstt PaMtM, tkhtxtA *ai CoHmm.  HZC3  V  *><m������>������mh:^h^^HmHmh^^*'X">* **************************  Use fuel Oil  and Save Money  t  T  X  *L  T  :.:  I  ������  f  If you are interested in reducing your Fuel Bill,  see us. We are saving money for others, and can  do the same for you.  We supply and install Fuel Oil Plants of all  descriptions. We do not advocate a cheap plant,  but we can satisfy you when results are considered.  We have a large number of plants now in operation in hotels, office buildings, apartment houses,  schools and colleges.  Puel Oil Equipment Company  ������ LIMITED  | 713 Pacific Bldg.     Phone Sey. 3727    Vancouver, ft. C.  *  *****************m*****************^  T  * -L  ��������� ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^���������^^������������������������������������������������������������������������-S-'fM  ^mmm^&mLm^mMm::mmsmmmmm^  >!4*>*t**4*4*4*4*>4*>4*>4^4*>4**+4-*>4+-4+4i4Jfa  X r',''.:J-L^~-\:::-J.^jyJv::\:-^  ���������*4*4*4***!*J*4*4*454j+4to  FACTORY OF J. LECKIE & CO.  X  Are you going to  wear this winter?  it,������]  z  Why  Reekie's, of Course  And I am going to see that my wife buys them  \  for THE BOYS too.   They are the best to  >- .'.������������������' .  .     .  X���������=_* juijeaiL an d. are_made Jn J������ancouver^__  **a\^*******************^^  yk//k'^jy������m$  yy/://M������BM  /kj/k/&!Mlim  ' VX ������������������r'J::'JJJkk0*$M  ,-:.'-;:k:. .x���������X������VX���������X?'f  X Xi'.- /VVVX^XXivl  V'  X X;; '"'-���������'��������� VVVXMSf's  jjj^-yjy$j0y������y  -m/ymmA  xirxiilifii  ���������-��������������������������� >/���������"������������������"* -X'-^'xi^-S^^^  ���������'���������:���������':     k\-'k'<y//ky?///'$r&$^  y$/0.  -���������.v-y.'^'i't,-  y% .v-C'Vi  ��������� >x x -j/" "' ///y>y<j>;-y/fa!/?ffi{m  'V''V -X "* iXx ��������� ���������! XX.' '���������}\f:\ 'vyV^/.f.^I  ���������*'V.._- ���������,.'/���������''.'. -' '-���������J..-7.'-'.: [' X''"!.V,.-' ^''���������-���������'..���������:���������V't_j'Vl,5j.')A'l  ?���������>,���������>"���������"���������';. '���������'������������������ ^^^'x"v-:Vv^r^r-^'^fe^|  SSixi^i'SilSlH  -W:^^!  30,000 squarefeet of factory space where more than 300 machines  and 125 hancjs are turning out 125 pairs of shoes per day.  Present possible output 1000 pairs per daj^  ���������__i  1      JOT  ������ "' ' ��������� .:���������������������������������������������       ���������'   "V  Phone Seymour 8171 x  STOREY & CAMPBELL]  SI8-520 HEATTV ST. VANCOUVER, 3.C. :������  r  i)  I-  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and  l^eavy  harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always |  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  *^We are the largest manufacturers, and  importers of Leather Goods in B. G.  [ijl WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  '.������'"������������������   ������������������ . ��������� .      ��������� ���������     '���������..'���������'���������'-  1 ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������*���������������������������������������������������  +++++4*******4*4*4*4+*+*+*+***********************+ t������t������t������������������������*������*������������t������t������������������t>t>������V������������������>������*������<������������f������������������������<t>������<t<������������������������i  FLOURISCHEAP ?  981b  Sack for      -       -       -       -       -    $3.50  WE GUARANTEE THIS TO BE NO. 1 BREAD FLOUR.  Only a Few Sacks Left.   Order at Once.  We have just received a carload of Shuswap Timothy  Hay.   This hay is fresh and green and equal to Idaho.  Qur Poultry Supplies are a revelation. We welcome your  enquiries.  Fm Tm Vernon  Phonis Filrmoit 17M86 M5 Iraaiwar -tst  f  Whitfield was born in December. 1714. He died at the age of  56 years, having spent himself  in the preaching of the Gospel.  Of the friends of   John   and  Charles Wesley the most remarkable was George Whitfield.   His  father kept an inn, and the boy  grew  up  amid  the  coarse   surroundings of an old fashioned ale  house.   His own writings tell us  that when he was fifteen years  old he put.on his   blue    apron,  ! washed mops, cleaned rooms, and  ! became  the   common  drawer  in  ithe inn.   He describes his youth  ��������� as exceedingly vicious.    "If the  Almighty had not prevented me  by  His  grace  I  had now  been  sitting   under   the   shadow    of  death." X  One day there came into his  hands a copy of the book, "The  Imitation of Christ." The reading of this awakened in his soul  deep convictino of sin, and he endeavored to ern pardon of iniquity by prayer and penance.  Seeking an education he went  to Oxford, providing for his expenses chiefly by performing  menial duties for well-to-do fellow students. There he joined  the Wesleys and their "Holy  Club." A .biographer has said:  " This zealous young soul passed  through an ordeal of agonizing  sefi-conflicts. He selected the  poorest food and the meanest apparel, and by dirty shoes, patched  raiment and coarse gloves, endeavored to mortify his burdened  spirit." "God only knows,"  wrote Whitfield, "how many  nights I have lain upon my bed  groaning   under   what    I    felt.  Whole days and nights have I  spent. lying prostrate on the  ground in silent or vocal prayer."  But at last he was able to lay  hold of the Cross by a living  faith, and the burden of his guilt  rolled away for ever.  Having been ordained in the  Anglican Church, he was invited  by John Wesley to take up work  in Georgia. He followed Wesley  to this side of the Atlantic, and  there preached wherever he had  the opportunity. He worked  among the Indians and among the  white people. The condition of  the orphans in Georgia touched  him greatly, and he returned to  England to plead their cause and  to raise funds for the foundation  of an asylum for the reception of  the fatherless in the distant col:  bny. But the church in England,  as established by law, closed, her  pulpits to the evangelist; hence  he began that grand campaign  of outdoor preaching for which  he became noted, and in which he  also led the Wesleys. He preached  on moor and common, at village  markets, and at the crossroads.  Soon great multitudes, increasing  to five, ten, fifteen and twenty  thousand, listened to his soul-  stirring sermons.  Unprecedented Actiivties.  In 1839 Whitfield again visited  America. In '' Makers of Methodism" we find the following summary of this wonderful man's  activities:  "His zeal burned the more intensely the nearer he drew to the  end of his labors. Fourteen times  he visited Scotland, in the rude  and uncomfortable coaches of  that period. During the last of  these visits he preached generally twice, sometimes thrice, and  once five times a day. When his  health was at its worst, his short  allowance of. preaching was once  a day and thrice on Sundays. To  get into the pulpit seemed to put  new life into his dying frame.  While thousands hung upon his  words, he seemed to soar like a  seraph to the gate of heaven, and  to speak as one who saw the  secrets veiled from mortal sight.  Forty-two times he crossed the  Irish Channel to preach to the  turbulent yet generous hearted  Irish people. Thirteen times he  crossed the Atlantic in the crowded and "comfortless vessels of the  time, often consuming eleven  weeks on the voyage. Once his  vessel lay a month in the Downs  waiting for a favorable wind. He  had prayers and preaching on  shipboard every day. We read  of him after such a voyage lingering for three weeks between  life and death, but preaching repeatedly, "though he had to be  carried like a child." From  Georgia to Maine he 'ranged  through the forest wilderness of  America, preaching in the scattered towns to eager multitudes.  In Great Britain, from the mountains of. Wales to the heathy  moors of Scotland, in crowded  cities and on barren wolds, his  persuasive voice was heard pleading with men to flee from the.  wrath to come."  Never were more disinterested  labors than those of Wakefield.  He gave many thousands of  pounds to charitable objects, but  lived and died a poor man. He  was offered ������800 a year to settle  in pastoral work in Philadelphia,  the church to leave him free for  six months of each year for  evangelistic work. But he could  not agree to these terms. He  would be free always to go  wherever the Spirit would lead  him, and the offer was declined.  The, good man was frequently  assaulted and ill-treated. In  Dublin he was assailed by a  Roman Catholic crowd. Stones  flew about him, and he was  bruised and cut by them till he  was dripping with blood.  His Death in Harness.  He died in Newburyport, Mass.,  in 1770, preaching to the last. As  he retired to his chamber on the  last evening of his life, so many  were desirous of hearing him  that he stood on the stairs, with  candlestick in hand, and addressed them with much feeling  till the candle burned low in the  socket���������just as the lamp of his  life was, flickering to its extinction. During that same night he  passed away, his weakened body  falling a victim to the asthma  from which he had suffered for  many years.���������Missionary Witness.  AGILE PARENT���������Papa, what is an  escutcheon? "  "Why!"  '' This story says there was a blot on  his escutcheon."  "Oh, yes! An escutcheon is a light-  colored vest. He had probably been  carving an inferior kind of fountain  pen." 8  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, February 5, 1915.  X  9   n  *4*+***+*+*4*********4**+++4+4+*******************************************r********************************+***********************4***4***4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*****4  > ~i  i  r\ > i  To the Premier, Attorney- General and Legislators  of the Province of British Columbia;     also  to  i i'  the Employers of Labor and Working Men of  ��������� ��������� x~' - ��������� . # '  our Province, this Article is respectfully dedicated  c "  British Columbia Needs a  And, One Way or Another, British Columbia  Will Get It  < ***************************************************** ************************4***4*4*4*****4*4*****4*if********************************i4*************************t  The time has come when the drink question  must be faced in British Columbia in the sa,me  intelligent manner that it is now being faced  aad settled ip^Ruasia, Germany,. France, Britain  and America^Vmnd has long been settled.in the  Scandinavian Countries, which, forty years ago,  were the most drunken countries of Europe.  The present war has one peculiar element in  it. It is essentially a war of nationalities as  opposed to one nation or race���������the Teuton.  Germnay is seeking to impose her type, of  civilization upon the whole world; and the whole  world, or nearly the whole world, objects. ��������� If  Germany wins���������for good or ill���������we -will all be  Germanized. But nobody outside of Germany  (and even there tbe number grows daily, less)  expects Germany to win. The result wiil be  that all types of men and their methods will be  brought into closer competition than eyer before.  The German theory of civilization is "efficiency under state supervision," and "state  supervision" means "Germany over everything."'  Thatj is to say that everything in-Germany must  be made subservient to the. success of German  trade expansion. The German Kaiser,, diplomacy;  consular service, army, navy, railroads,, shipping,*  church, school, politics, and industry ��������� everything in Germany���������must contribute to the on������  end, the triumph of Germany oyer, everything.  and everybody else in the world. *-     <���������  The British theory is that other people have  a right to live and that this right ought to be:  preserved, even at. the.^Idj-S of some apparent efficiency, because it will in the end work out a  greater good, and that the free, open competition  of all men and races will, in the end work out a  surer and better efficiency than the machine-,  made article under .German conditions.  If then, the Allies win���������and they sure will���������  world competition will become more lively than  ever. Indeed, this world will not be at all the  same place to live in as before. The inefficient,  ignorant, slothful and drunken will go to the  wall more quickly and more completely than  ever before' and British Columbia should sit up  and take notice.  Hitherto we have enjoyed a double protection.  First, because of tariff^ second, because of]  tremendous public works on borrowed capital.)  The first may continue, although we firmly be-]  lieve it will be speedily modified;, the last is]  gone. if. not forever, at least for a generation.  \ We have got to make good in British Columbia off our own bat, or sink into the condition |  of the Siwash.  -And that means cutting out the drink in our I  lumber, fishing, railroading, mining .and milling';  industries.  The article we reproduce herewith from "The]  Technical World Magazine" of U. S. A. should]  be read by every man ana? women that has tht  best interest of British Columbia at heart. .  ihX  At a blow tbe autocrat of - all the  Russias, Czar/ Nicholas, has liberated  one hundred- and fifty million people.  He haa done for We people wbat tbe  free-born American citizens have been  unable to do for themselves. Jt is a  new freedom tbat baa come to Russia  ��������������� bind of- freedom tbat tbe world  bus never before seen; tbe (fair's edict  boa liberated bis subjects from tbe oppression of alcohol.    '     s  As by magic, drunkenness has vanished from the empire, and the one  billion dollars annually spent for intoxicating drinks will be diverted  to otber purposes. It has been- a  comparatively easy thing for Russia  to do this, because the manufacture of  strong liquors is a ��������� government mo:  tfopoly. For many years our national  government has been -assailed by tbe  friends of prohibition for its attitude  on the liquor question. They have,  -first- of -all,- demanded" that the-'gov-  ernment cease levying revenue on intoxicating liquors; and secondly, tbat  the manufacture and sale of such  liquors be stopped within the boundaries of the United States; but little  progress seems to have been made in  this direction.  If v America becomes liquor free in  the next generation���������as some industrial leaders predict���������it will probably  be because of the drastic action of our  industries, which cannot -stand by and  see large possible profits Bwallowed up  .by alcoholism. <>  Of course we all know that railways  have long maintained strict rules in regard to drinking among employees;  but do' we know that within the last  few years practically every great industry in the country has established  similar rulest  Erinking will now sgell prompt distal for you if you are an employee  of the Harshey Chocolate Company,  International Harvester Company,  Sherwin-Williams Company, Sheffield  Car Works, United States Steel Corporation, Western Electric Company,  Pullman Company, Edison Company,  Western Union, Interborough Company.  Standard Oil Company, or any one of  a thousand other American firms of  the first rank.  Sears, Roebuck and Company forbid  employees entering a saloon at any  hour of the day within a mile of their  plant in any direction.  Dalzell Brothers Company declare  that "as the state insurance rate is  affected by the number of accidents,  we are determined not to place ourselves liable to an increased rate"���������  and they accordingly rule that promotions shall go to total abstainers  only.  Thick and fast, during the present  year, inlustries have been lining up in  the efficiency campaign against the  common enemy,  "booze."  On March 27, 1914, a sweeping order  was issued by the United States Steel  Mills, covering the entire Mahoning  Valley, to the effect that hereafter all  promotions would ,be made only from  the ranks of those who did not indulge  in the use of intoxicating drinks.  Recently the Philadelphia Quartz  Company conducted a pledge campaign  among its employees.    The men were  offered a ten per cent.-increase if tbey  would - pledge themselves not to use  liquor nor to frequent, places where it  was sold or used. - Practically all- of  the men made the promise.'       'J',  This magazine could be Wmmed to  the covers with similar- instances of  the strong front industry has "Assumed  against alcohol during the last two  years. -   ...      \  The sentiment of the executives of  industry is pretty well summed up in  the pointed statement of Andrew Carnegie:  "There is no use wasting time on  any young man wbo drinks liquor, no  matter bow exceptional his talents."  And note this: C. S. Close, manager  of the famous Bureau of Safety of the  United States Steel'Corporation, a man  who,knows the social side of industry  as few men do, declares his opinion  tbat "in ten years7 through the combined effort of American industries,  the manufacture and sale of liquors  will be at an end in the United States.  What does it all meant ' Have our  industrial leaders been caught up in  the swirl of religious revival t Has a  moral' renaissance begun to climb up  through the hearts of our captains of,  industry t  Not a bit of it! ��������� They are as dis  interestedly interested in the almighty  dollar as they ov_t were,' but their  I eyes have been'opened. They see dollars, thousands, millions of them, slipping away, and they are going to stop  the leak or know the reason why.  And here is the leak���������exposed unmistakably by the laboratory experiments of Dr. Emil Kraepelin of the  University of Munich.  With the ergograph, a little instrument for measuring the weight-lifting  strength of workers, Dr. Kraepelin  found that on days when the alcoholic  equivalent of a good glass of Bordeaux  was taken, the amount of work done  by the subjects was decreased by from  seven to nine per cent.  A number of accountants were given  daily, in divided doses, the equivalent  of three and a half cups of claret.  After two weeks of this steady, moderate alcoholic allowance, their average  ability to add one-figure columns had  decreased fifteen and three-tenths per  cent.  Last spring a local option election  was -held in" the '' dry town'' of Three  Rivers, Michigan. The big industry of  the town is the Sheffield Car Works.  The management of these works issued  a circular letter to the many thousand  workmen advising them that if they  signed "wet" petitions they would by  that act be placing themselves in opposition to the interests of the company. S  Yes, and only a few months ago the  great steel works at Homestead, Pa.,  employing twelve thousand men, decreed that not only would drinking be  prohibited during working hours, but  that even the slightest intemperance  while off duty would be cause for immediate discharge.  Boyd Fisher, vice-president of a  club of Detroit executives, says:  "A good many Detroit employers  are wise enough to see that in a large  number of cases excessive drinking isfGr-Hall, of    the~ Union  Theological  A direct result of too long hours ���������'it-  monotonous work. Whenever tbey  have shortened the working ftours, tbey  have minimized drinking and secured  a compensating increase in output."  The' Burroughs Adding Machine  Company is a case in point.. Thisfirjn  shortened tbe working day from nine  and obe-balf to eight hours. A noticeable decrease in drinking followed, and  a slight increase in the output per man.  A thorn in tbe side of industry has  been the proverbially meagre output  of Monday. Industrialists are now  discovering tbat if there' is no drinking on Saturday and Sunday, there.is  no falling off of output on .Monday.  "Blue' Monday in the industries of  Kokomo is a thing of tbe past," says  j. E. Frederick of the Kokomo Steel  and Iron Company. Kokomo, Indiana,  is_a city_without_8aloons. _ On_ Monday  our factories are able to secure the  same output as on any other day of the  week. This was not. the case when  saloons were running."  "Monday was stepped up with tbe  other days of the week," says a  manufacturer in Buckhannan, West Virginia. "Manufacturers have no off  days , now., .-in . Kansas,'' says the  Thomas Page Milling Company of  North Topeka. "The men are just as  fresh at the beginning of the week as  at the close."  Four typesetters, each drinking daily  three-quarters of a tumbler of Greek  wine (18 per cent, alcohol) lost an  average of nine and six-tenths per  cent, in efficiency by the end of one  week.  In .co-ordination tests, where the  subject was required to snap down;a  telegraph switch at the unexpected  flash of a light or sound of a gong,  the rapidity of the co-ordination responses was decreased by liquor' from  six to eight and three-tenths per cent.  Tests by other scientists tell the  same story.  Professor Durig, an expert mountain  climber, found that on days when he  took two glasses of beer, his instruments showed that he expended fifteen  per cent, more energy than on the  days when he did not drink, and that  it took him_ twenty-one and seven-  tenths per cent, longer to reach the  top of a mountain.  In many instances, employees do but  a single small piece of work, repeating  the same motions, using the same  muscles over and over all day long.  Tests of Swedish marksmanship illustrated the effects of alcohol upon endurance in such repetition work. Upon  the alcoholic days..the soldiers averaged only . three hits out of thirty  shots, while on their abstinent days  they averaged twenty-three to twenty-  six hits out of thirty. It is significant  that they thought they were shooting  better after they drank!  Lord Kitchener pleaded with the  frieds of the British recruits as they  started for^the front, not to "treat"  them to liquor. With the declaration  of hostilities, Czar Nicholas issued his  now famous "ukase" which endesd  once an'd for all the manufacture and  sale of alcoholic liquor by the Russian  government.    Writes Professor Thomas  Seminary, who was appointed Roosevelt  Professor at tbe University of Berlin  for tbe year 1915-16:   "With the fiTst  firoclamation of war all drinking in  be German army was ordered stopped  at once." Assuredly, the war lords  have discovered that an efficient army  is a sober one.  If-an office worker takes only so  much aB one glass of beer daily, he  decreases   his   efficiency    seven    per  Sir cent., according to experiments of  ergman, Kraepelin, Mayer and Kinz.  Tbe drinking man cannot stand heat  or cold as well, remember as well,  smell as well, see or bear- as .well, as  tbe non-drinking! man. Such is the  finding of' experiments performed by  Professor Kraepelin, Professor Frolich,  Dr. Ridge of England, and Professor  Yogt of the University of Cbristiania.  _ V So_ much for the .verdict _of_the_ laboratory. Now, k what has been -the  actual experience of industries? Have  tbey noticed any practical, workaday  differences in the efficiency of alcoholic and non-alcoholic workmenf  Here is one instance.- The manager  of a copper mine at Knpckmaroom,  Germany, was convinced, that his output would increase'if "hia men quit  drinking. He induced one thousand of  them to take the pledge. He was delighted to find, after two years, that  their productive efficiency had increased nearly twenty-five thousand  dollars annually. ������  Coming nearer home: President Wil-  born of the Colorado Fuel,and, Iron  Company makes this striking, statement  in regard to the closing of saloons in  the Colorado mining districts: -  "With the advent of the federal  troops all saloons in the coalmining  districts were closed, and as a result,  the efficiency of the workmen has  greatly improved, the average production of coal per man increasing about  ten per cent.  '' The'' production at this company's  mines in tbe southern district of Colorado for the first 18 days of April  averaged 5.85 tons per day for each  miner at work. That was before the  federal troops closed the saloons. For  the first 18 days of June���������with' all- saloons closed���������each man produced 6.52  tons, which meant an average increase  in wages of more than eleven per cent,  per man.  "This has confirmed the view long  held by us, that^if saloons and drinking  could be eliminated from the coal districts not only the miners but the companies would be greatly benefitted.  'IWhat I have said applies specifically to the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, but I think', in a general way, it  is true of the coal mining industry in  the state."  Spoiled work is no small part of the  loss which drink lays upon industry. A  workman in one of the Coatesville  Steel Mills declares that when the  saloons were open it was not unusual  for twenty to forty tons of steel to  be spoiled in the rolling following pay  days. Thus the earnings of every tonnage man in the mill were reduced because of the half-drunken condition of  some   of   the   men.     "But   with   the  closing    of    the   saloons,"   he   adds,  "that's all history now."   .  There is evidence -tbat a shorter  working' day, permitting workers to  stop before the physical limit of  fatigue has been reached, results in a  falling off of the,desire to indulge in  intoxicants.  . So it goes. From fifty different  angles, industry, is today looking critically and cynically at the reuslts of  alcohol.  Do you wonder, then, that most of  the money< for the campaign which  made West Virginia dry was contributed  by labor' employing industries in tbe  state? West Virginia abounds in coal,  lumber, oil and gas industries. These  were, almost to a unit, active workers  for state-wide prohibition.  Judge J. C. McWborter, who bad  charge of the campaign, says: "While  I was helping to raise funds for our  constitutional prohibition campaign, a  brewer from another state, who bad  no liquor business in ,West Virginia,  but who had thousands of dollars invested in certain other industries in  the state, sent me bis check for two  hundred and fifty dollars to help make  West Virginia dry because he knew  wbat liquor was doing to his men and  his business."  What the industries within the  nation have learned, the nation itself  is learning. Abstinence is becoming  the enforced rule of national engineering projects. The way Colonel Gorgas  obtained increased efficiency by reducing alcoholism among his canal  builders is interesting in this connection.  He writes, in a paper published in  the Journal of the American Medical  Association, June 13:  '' On the Isthmus 'we had our laboring force located on the~ line of the'  canal about fifty miles in extent. In  this' distance we had about twenty  towns. At first we allowed as many  liquor establishments as chose to pay  the high license, $1,200 per year. As  time went on, we gradually abolished  saloons in town after town, until, last  year, liquor selling was finally abolished in all the zone.  "The two Panama towns of Colon  and Panama, at the northern and  southern ends of the canal, are not  under the jurisdiction of the commission as far as regards liquor selling.  There is no restriction on an employee  going to these towns and getting liquor  when he wishes and bringing it into  the zone to his own home. The only  prohibition is that it must not be sold  in the zone; but to get liquor he has  to make a longer or shorter railway  trip and go to considerable effort. Our  experience has shown that there are a  considerable number of men who do  not care enough for liquor to make  the effort, and therefore do without.  "The efficiency of our working force  has increased so much that generally  the men in charge of the laborers in  the different districts have asked to  have their districts included within  the prohibition area."  Another big national business,  known as the American Navy, has  also learned the alcoholic efficiency  lesson.     On   July" 1,   1914,   the   order  went into effect prohibiting tbe intra  duction of- intoxicating beverages intd  the'ships of the~ navy, the naval sta-|  tions, and all points under the juris-]  diction of the navy."  It' is not commonly known that one]  of   tbe   chief    cojfoo^erAtions    which]  startled Secretary of the Navy Josephusl  Daniels into this action was the faetf  revealed by the medical inspector of|  the   United   States   Navy,   that there  were nearly ten timet as many admissions to the hospital for alcoholism infl  the American Navy as in the British]  Navy, and nearly fifty times as manrf  as in tbe German Navy!    If alcobolj  was sending so many, men to the bosl  pitalj it was undoubtedly rendering in-J  efficient a still 'larger number of me/  who did not get as far as the hospital!  Alcohol, in tbe rfame of efficiency, wa^  banned.  Four years ago, long before tbisl  action, was considered, Germany 'a far-1  seeing Kaiser, iu a great speech to his]  naval cadets, urged them to form total]  abstinence societies as tbe British had]  done.  "Naval service demands a height of J  effort which it is hardly possible to\  surpass, "said the Kaiser. "It is necessary that you be able to endure continued heavy strain without exhaustion/|  in order to be fresh for emergencies.  '' In the next great war' nerve power  will decide the victory. Victory will  lie with the nation that uses the]  smallest amount of alcohol."  ���������i  The  verdicts  of  the  laboratory,  of]  industry   apd   of   the   nation   against!  alcohol aref the same.    Because it is al  breeder   of������ inefficiency,   it   must   go/  And, in America at least, the prospect!  is that it will be driven out by hard-]  hearted,    firm-fisted    industry.      The]  jrreat god Industry cares not a rap for  the   moral   or   social    phases     of   the'J  drink  question,  although  the big men!  who  are  his  directing forces  may be!  industrially greatly concerned.  Alcohol  might    trample    on  the  garments  of  morality   and  social    relations     until!  doomsday and it would not worry industry, as such.    But when alcohol be-i  gins   to   tease   and   harass   the   great]  god's  pet   mascot,   efficiency,  that  ial  quite another-matter! Drastic measures]  must be taken.  Already the American Foundrymen'si  Association has appointed a well fin-]  anced committee to campaign, ineveryl  state, for .legislation to push back'the]  saloon fromzthe doorways of industrial]  plants! That will not satisfy industry.]  At the end of five years, probably,]  every great business will have unitedj  its forces against alcohol, and who!  knows but that at the " end of ten]  years the prediction of C. L. Close will]  have been realized and industry will']  have banished the manufacture and]  sale of liquor from the United States?  Apparently it dose not matter very  much whether we want this to happen!  or not. If industry wants it, it wilH  come to pass. The best thing we can/  do is to hope that, when that added^  six billion, saved by efficiency,  divided, we may come in for a share. 1  I

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.xwestcall.1-0188526/manifest

Comment

Related Items