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The Western Call Jan 22, 1915

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 XXXsX  .���������������������������:&-:':���������, .���������-..L-.;-..  </������-:,;i  W!Sf^^  Peace With the German Alliance. Will Nit IM^^  ' .\.\   ��������������������������� -' X       ���������.    X   ������������������;���������.-'   .������������������-���������.--..- ������������������'"��������� "'.'-������������������   ���������-.",'���������. X;      '.��������� v        ''" ,       ' ��������� ���������    :���������    -���������:.: -������������������:    ,x"' v X-' *-���������-'  ���������        ' ���������,-:.; ���������-     ..���������-.������������������. '',.->���������'" " ���������**"��������� :.:", ''���������v,;- ���������'*' vi-' "X -'- "'".'��������� ��������� er���������-'������������������'��������� -vXX.- ��������� -���������"��������� x. <��������� ";:- V \;-i ���������'��������� ������.;������������������: a-" .:��������������������������� ���������;���������: ,-'������������������.-X :���������-������������������   ":-������������������      ..>> . -.XV' .���������-.. ��������� \-. ../.xi- '";.*>--������������������' X  '������������������". "X  Hj ^ at Orange Hall, Fairview x  i������  -j'..  The  _ek has been the  .-.���������,vr^s*  feature of the peart;>'  decided stand that Britain ha^aken with the  United States oyer the German ^amer Dacia,  now loaded with cotton at a Texa\ port. No-  emphatic and resolute and without equivocation.  The Dacia sails at her former and present (supposed) owners' risk. Also the .emphatic and  _urgent protest lodged at Washington by the  British authorities aB regards Carranza's action  in placing an embargo on Mexican oil. - If not  abated this phase of the Mexican nuisance will  bring a speedy change of atmosphere there.  Britain has already one unsettled account with  Villa over the foul murder of Benson. This in-  ^ trusion of Carranza may lead to the opportunity  to clean both' accounts up. Uncle1 Sam,' your  policy of "watchful waiting" is in danger of  collapse.    ' ,  HELL LET LOOSE IN AFRICA.  "Hell is let loose, and no one can tell what is-  going to happen." So writes a missionary from  the war scenes in Central Africa. - His station is  in Northern Rhodesia, south of German East  Africa. German forces had come across the  border, burning,-killing and. seizing all available  food. Ignoring the role that,natives should not  be brought into the war,- they were enrolling  : hundreds of them and encouraging them to  spread destruction.    As a   counter.inove   tbe  I British authorities had felt compelled to call ont  .their Rhodesia people, who were then flocking  (to the standard, delighted to get a1 chance to  burn and kill.   , ; . "  1' Here, at any rate, V declares this missionary,  4'war is devilish.!'.- The method adopted by tlie  k native chief and his people was this: To kill all  males above puberty, to take the women, cut off  their noses,' lips or ears and violate them, and to  ft kill alKtbe children. This chief is said to be a  decent sort of a man,'but such is the effect of  f war upon him and his people.   "We tried," adds  I the missionary, "to get'hun to take a Christian  [; idea of war."  s If the whole situation were not so awful and  so condemnatory of our vaunted civilization, it  : is enough to fill the mouth with laughter to  H think of Christian missionaries endeavoring to  instruct African savages in the art of war, according to Christian standard*.  ^       Annow^ipor,.       ;  ���������' The Socialists have not made good in this  war. The German Socialists had a splendid  chance to die for their opinions, bnt -instead of  lining up against the* wall to be shot by the  Kaiser's minions, they all lined up.ni the Reichs-  <>tag with a good rousing vote for "war," and  also lined up on the firing line with the rest of  Germany, and if reports can be credited, were  sent, like Uri of old, to the "forefront of the  battle." \.  Well, that was all right, and perhaps somewhat to their credit'; but they first tried to in-  v duce the Italian Government to join Germany,  ', through their Socialistbrethren in Italy.' And then  i they tried to. coax-the French out of the ranks  '^ of the Allies, also by using Socialistic ties with  their French f,brethren.    And now, last of all,  they are trying to get all the Socialists of the  I world to join them in an effort to force peace  i upon the combatants, and that is the meanest  '-' trick of all.   Decidedly a German Socialist is as  mean as any ordinary German; and that is saying a good deal.   X ^���������������-y  Is It Graft?  - According to a despatch from Copenhagen,  the Hamburg-American Steamship Company, with  Albert Ballin. the old London shipping clerk and  now German multi-millionaire, as director general, has been appointed to take over the management of the entire railroad system of Germany and the work of delivering food supplies  to the German army. This appointment yirtu-  Kally gives the Hamburg-American shipping com-  ppany a monopoly' of the most colossal nature.-  Talk about army, contracts! It means millions  upon millions into the coffers of the Hamburg-  American. But the Kaiser is a shareholder to  the extent of some $5,000,000 in.-the Hamburg-  American. And so is the Kaiser a shareholder  i In the Krupp company to the tune of some $7,-  D00,000, which ought to be making huge dividends these days. Is it possible that the Kaiser  ai well as being the most cold-blooded mur-  ���������derer of all the ages is also a contemptible  grafter.  4***4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4������4*4**4***********4*4J********4*************4+*******'*-*'*-4+  < ���������  4*  i >  4>  MINISTER OF MILITIA IN VANCOU VER TODAY  ���������:������������������:/���������:���������  ������������������������������������������������������������4������������������������������������n������*������****������������*������*������***������*������*.V^  J L  MAJOR-GENERAL SAM HUGHES  Minister of Wlitia. ���������'    ,.-,  .j. i  ^t^^iC^tX'-"  ~r - -������. i.  A, telegram, Wceived by Mr. H. U. Stevens,'  from Winnipeg-announces the arrival in this  city of Major-General Sam. Hughes, Minister of  Militia, for Friday afternoon.  The arrival of this high authority in Canadian  military affairs will give considerable satisfaction' to those who are locally responsible for our  protection, and it is to be hoped that a definite  decision to give rv������ an efficient and sufficient  local defence or-home guard, or whatever else it  may be called, wQJ be arrived at.  The present conditions are not satisfactory  and advantage should he taken of the minister's  presence to impress this upon the Federal authorities. Vancouver:and the Lower Mainland,  and also Prince Rupert, as the termihus of the  , .great Canadian transportation facilities, should  bave definite and adequate defence in such times  as these. We can easily err on the side* of  paucity of numbers and equipment. With the  colossal task ahead of the Empire it will be difficult to err on the other side.  Major-General Hughes has proved himself exceedingly eficient in the matter that Canada has  entrusted to him, all his critics notwithstanding.  K..jCanada regards with' great satisfaction the  enlisting, asembling, training, equipping and  transporting to England of her 33,000 men of  the First Contingent, and for this Remarkable  military fact, unparallelled in the'history of this  continent, Major-General Hughes\and his department are responsible,-and deserve all credit.  tf������������������faf������������^������������it������������e������������������>������������f������<tafaf������f������f>������t������������������>t������������������ji> ������ft������f ������������������������������������������������ t������e������t������e*f ������>*ty������*l  A 14TTCR WDM VICTORIA  **4*4*4*4***4***4*4*4+4+4+*+'********'****************************'***********i  Victoria, B. C, Jan. 18.���������The  British Columbia Parliament will  convene on the 21st of. tbis month  and already some of the -members  living at a distance are arriving,  as they have not been in Victoria  for some time and are desirous of  familiarizing themselves with existing conditions, and consulting  the leaders of the party. Natur-  ally> as there have been no deaths  or resignations, the House will  stand the same as last year, forty  Conservatives and two Socialists.  One of the Conservative members,  Captain Foster, of the ��������� Islands  constituency, holds a commission  in the "Second Expeditionary  Forces, now training at ^be Willows, has just returned from Winnipeg, where he took a course of  military training. He will undoubtedly be granted a leave of  absence sufficient-to enable him  to attend to his Legislative duties  as he is one of the strong members in the House, although' a  young man and only elected a  little more than a year ago at a  bye-election 'to succeed Mr. Mc-  PhillipSj who was promoted to the  bench. MrV Foster made an excellent record in the House, won  many friends and would be sadly  missed were it necessary to absent^ himself from the floor of the  House;  There will be a lack3 of the  usual pomp and display upon the  opening of Parliament this year  owing to the European war.   The  new Lieutenant - Governor, Mr.  Frank Barnard, will be escorted  by his secretary, Mr. H. J. Mus-  kett, and Captain Drake" A.D.C.*  and owing to the military camp  located in the city. thereVwill be  a larger attendance of Soldiers  than heretofore. The usual form  of entering and then retiring  while a speaker is elected will be  observed. Hon. D. M. Eberts, of  the Saanich district, the present  Speaker, will undoubtedly be reelected, and Mr. W. H. Hayward,  Deputy Speaker. After the House  has taken this action, the Lieutenant-Governor will return and  read his address, and then retire  in the regular form and Parliament will adjourn. It has always  been the custom for Sir Richard  and Lady McBride to tender a  reception after the opening ceremonies, but this function will be  dispensed with this year, as Sir  Richard is desirous of. observing  the day in a dignified and quiet  manner.      'X ������������������-'  It is the general opinion that  the session will not last over  three weeks as the ministers have  no desire to introduce any contentious legislation under existing  conditions.  The Parliament Buildings are  being made ready for the session,  and a force of men are at work  effecting a general clean-up of  the Parliament Chamber, the committee rooms and halls. Sergeant-  at-Arms Charles Cullin is busy  j selecting his force  and making  the necessary preparations for the  arrival, of the members.  Mr. W. H. Cullin, the King's  Printer, is rushing forward the  preliminary work of bis department, and the Private Bills committee have their work in hand.  Various officials f<5r the session  are to be appointed and in consequence of the business depression .there are many applicants  for each position.  : The various hotels in the city  are preparing for the annual  event, but it is not expected that  there will be as many visitors this  year as in former years. Naturally, some delegations are expected from the Coast cities and  also from the Upper Country, but  not as many as in past years. The  Empress Hotel, that has maintained its elegance and service  during all the dull times, regardless of cost, will reopen its world  renowned grill room this week.  A new scheme for catching herring evolved/at'Esquimalt harbor  recently. Large shoals of this  specie of fish have been feeding  in the harbor for some time. The  drydock was needed for the repairing; of a ship and the gate  was lifted, and the ship placed in  position. The water was then  pumped out, and to the amazement of those present, the floor  of the dock Was covered from  three to six inches with herring,  many dead, yet a large, number  alive.    Everybody in   the   town  (Continued on Page 5)  H. H. STEVENS, I. P., RE-  MS TO HARBOR COM.  -   4 ^t  ' ' Vi'fi1.  1������W  M  -,fJ  f Last evening Mr. H. H. Stevens, M.P., ifol-fi  for nearly two hours at a public meeting in fhe"  Orange Hall, Fairview, ���������. defending the barter ,  commissioners' charges, attacking the Vancouver  shipping interests for what .he alleged was lack'  of public spirit and unreasonable charges* and  giving an outline of .what Vancouver has in store  as a port if it is properly administered.   His  speech bristled with figures and was intended,  it was explained, as a reply to the critics of himself and the harbor commissioners with reference '  to harbor matters. <  Though the meeting was under the auspices  of the Ward VI. Conservative Association, and  the president of that organization,) Mr. IJ.A.  Mitchell, presided; the public had been invited,  as the matter was not one of political significance. The hall was crowded.' Mr. ������. E. Tisdall,  M.P.P., also spoke.  < vji-ii  -^1  %  Ko VettmaX Interest im Harbor.  v   <J  "At the very outset I would like to ssy that  I have tried to view this important question of  harbor development from the broadest poesiWe  standpoint// qbserved Mr. Steven.!, ,land I  would make it dear that X have absolutely no  interest personally in the harbor, in Shipping,  water lots; or irt^any way whatever, but I have a  deep personal interest ss> citisen in its future,  because it is onr most, important asset Andl  claim, without making any reflection upon *%*%  ��������� .'^^eniiM^^W^N^^ mjfc^Hipif.  date that the present Donumon Government waa ���������  placed in power and I was elected yonr representative, not five cents of public money bad  been spent in this harbor. This is not a political  argument, but a fact, and from that time -yon  can date your harbor developments."  Replying to the assertions which he said had  been made against him repeatedly during the  Sast few months tbat he had neglected the public  odies of Vancouver in dealing with the question  of harbor development. Jfr. Stevens went into  some detail to show that he had called together  for conference immediately after bis election the  boards of trade of Vancouver and Nor^h Vancouver, the municipalities of South Vancouver,  Burnaby, Port Moody���������all municipalities touching upon tbe harbor���������and the Shipmasters' Association, and that, after many meetings, nothing  was done. The same thing happened later, when _  the Vancouver Board of Trade made an effort to  get a harbor commission appointed.  "There was a nigger in the woodpile," asserted the speaker, "and the nigger was the interests that would be affected by developments  in the harbor and that nigger is still in the fence  trying to interfere with tbe development."  What Has Been Pone.  Most of the members of those organizations  were honest, but discord was sown 'among them.-  He got a little tired and proceeded to work "on  his own," and the result was that False Creek  was now nearly half dredged, the work at the  First Narrows' channel was probably half done,  the most difficult part of the important new  government dock of. the finest type of construction was built���������the cost, with site, would be  $2,000,000���������a start had been made building the  machinery and assembling material for the new  government grain elevator which would be completed by December 1. Coal Harbor had been  dredged to a depth of 20 feet, the dangerous  Partha Shoal had been removed and other work  had been done.  (Continued on( Page Five)  \X'X"  X'-O  - 4*  tA5  X  -     rt*������.  -X-  many mmm let to Canada  It is estimated that since the war started  orders for war materials and equipment to the  value of some sixty million dollars have been  placed in Canada by the Canadian, British,  French and Russian Governments. Contracts for  outfitting Canada's troops have totalled twenty  million dollars. 'Contracts for saddles, leather  goods, uniforms and heavy winter garments of  all kinds from the British Government and Allies  total nearly another twenty millions, and orders  for shrapnel shell placed in Canada run from  twenty to twenty-three millions.  These immense orders, distributed as well as  possible throughout every province, have given  a great impetus to many industries, and hundreds  of factories and thousands of. men otherwise idle  will be operating full time from now until next  spring.  "���������*���������������  *-��������������� 'VXXX'XyS  ,X;7i;Vv-  2  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, January 22, 1915.  NATION-WIDE PROHIBITION IN U.S. 1  KNELL OF SALOON SOUNDED  BT HOUSE VOTE, SAYS  W. J. BEYAN.  Lincoln. Neb., Jan. 15. ���������The  death knell of the saloon was  sounded, in the opinion of Secretary of State Bryan, when the  lower house of .Congress recently  took a vote on the question of  outlawing the liquor traffic. Mr.  Bryan argues that, although the  proposition failed to receive the  necessary two-thirds vote* it did  receive a majority of eight���������a  striking proof, he says, of the  growing tide against the liquor  business.  "It only requires a majority to  pass laws," says Mr. Bryan, in  an extended discussion of the  question in a forthcoming issue  of the Commoner, "and the liquor  interests see in the vote on the  a?nendment the beginning of rthe  end of their Supremacy. The  death knell of the saloon has  been sounded, and it is only a  question of a few years when the  business, now made an outlaw,  will be driven from theuhighways  and forced into secret ' places  where, after a few years more of  fugitive life, it will meet its  death. From now on the liquor  business can consider itself a  fugitive from justice, living in  constant fear of arrest and punishment."  Mr. Bryan then goes on to ridicule the argument that state  rights are menaced, which argument he pronounced not only insincere but "tommyrot."  ARGUE!  ���������4*4*4*4*4***4*4*4*4*4*4*4* *****4*4*****+*+************************+********'l'+*+  I   SNIDER BROS. & BRETHOUR, CONTRACTORS  v  *4*4*4*4***4*4*4***k****************f*** ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������**������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������������������������  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^������������������������������������������������������^������������������������������������^���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������.������������������������  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������������������������<i;������*������ ������������������������������������������������������������+������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  COAL  4    +4*4*4*4*************A**************************  You can prove the actual saving in cash if you  will try one ton of our Old Wellington Coal. This  coal will reduce your fuel bill without reducing the  heat.  LUMP   - $7.00  NUT      - $5.50  PEA       .... $4.00  SLACK .-.- $3.50  BRIQUETTES $6.50  WOOD���������Choicest Dry Fir Cordwood $3.00 per load.  i    *4*****************4******+*********************    <���������  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd.  Sevmour 5408-5409.  a/  4������-  < >  ���������������  < ���������  ���������  <>  ������r  <>  < >  < >  < >  4  *  J-  4*  4 i  *>  ������'  < '  4*  < >  < i  4*  < ���������  4*  < >  < ��������� ���������  4*  < ���������  *������  < ���������  . ���������  4*  4  ��������� ;  The New Detention Building, Vancouver.  The new Immigration Building, which completed,' will cost well on to $300,000, is now  under .construction by the well known Vancouver firm of contractors, Messrs. Snider Bros., and  Brethour. All the partners of this company are Native Sons and have already erected in Victoria  and Vancouver probably the largest number of buildings of any contracting firm in the country.  : THIS WEEK  ; SPECIAL  I  White Hot Water. ������ags  at     -     -     ��������� WM  White Combination Syr-  Jwges at.   - .   - fj.75  Jtecl  ftotx water Bags ]���������  at  ��������� - '   *   /-��������� $1.25 ,;  ^e^.;?o#iilation Syringes at    -     - $2.25  \L   r'i:,Lj  <���������'. '������ ���������-    ' ���������'  Wref*RftW  Independent Drug Store -  Qor. 7te *%������**. *% meim *u  f������7 H*m%U*n*3* 91. W*  PHONP YOUR OBDEJt  Fairmont Ste.   "  PEACE WITH GERMAN ALLIANCE WILL  NOT END WAR SAYS NOTED FRENCHMAN  Urhain Gobier, the author of tbis article, which has been translated from the original  French, is a prominent French Socialist, who for many years has been devoted to the cause of.  peace. He is the author of "The People of the 20th Century" (1013), a hook that has been  characterized as "the best booh hy a foreigner on the United States."  ,������++������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������+������������������  Phone Seymour 9%&6  FIEST  We WBte  In GOOD BOARD COMPANIES  Dow, Fraser Trust Co,  122 Hastings St, W.  Mckay  Station  Burnaby  We see at Paris on the moving j merous, too complex, to be settled  picture screen the demonstration beyond   appeal   and irrevocably  which the women and young girls' by ��������� any   diplomatic   agreements  ..    tt..!4._ ������x_^__ ___ __-i_.__ wkatsoevej;;'  . The. conflict is drenching all  Europe with fire and blood, and  several parts of Asia and of  Africa. Civilized men, and savages are taking part in the fight.  Those who still hold off, as does  Italy, merely are waiting 'for a  favorable opportunity for "deciding pn a safe stroke. The Allies  solemnly engage1 not to treat for  peace except by common accord.  Meanwhile -their respective motives and ambitions may. differ  greatly.  - From this point to -the- time  when the Germanic power shall  have been annihilated", and from  this point to the time when all  the adversaries, of, Germany shall  have reached complete agreement  on all the" territorial, economic,  and. .dynastic . questions, much  time will flow past and much  blood will flow.  in the United States are making  in favor of peace; they are  dressed in white; they march'in  procession; they turn loose to the  heavens a symbolic dove.bearing  la. palm branch. Their intention  is generous; the spectacle is  touching.' But the^ war has been  unchained for a ' long tinte- to  come among men."  No one' will suspect me of encouraging violence; I have given  enough pledges in the cause of  peace. I have been arraigned five  times before the criminal courts  of" France "because" I~ denounced  the excesses of militarism ;T have  been imprisoned becaused I eursed  the scourge of war with vehemence.; I have been proposed  for the Nobel prize by delegates  of the anti-militarist youth of the  majority of the countries <of  Europe.  But there is an abyss between J  our - pious wishes and reality.  After we have expressed what we  believe, what we desire; after  we have endured persecution for  our faith* there remains fo; us  only to die or to take account of  facts that cannot be cleared up.  If we continue to live we must  adapt ourselves to facts, the  course of which we have been  unable to turn aside. That is the  only chance later to exercise use  ful action. X v>. y>  The will of individuals remains  without force against the formidable torrent of ills that is  going to .roll over the old continent,  Observe in the first place" that  this _: catastrophe repeats itself  withaTperiodicity so regular that  it assumes the appearance of a  law. Europe has 'submitted to a  general reorganization every 100  years.' /X     :������������������'- ������������������v yy:'::  The treaties of 17l3-17i_, which  terminated the war of. the succession of Spain, regulated the situation of the European states for  a centuiy ��������� the treaties of. 1815;  for another century, after -the  long wars of the French revolution and of Napoleon;vthe congresses and the treaties of 1915  pr 1916 Will undertake the same  task.. ������������������'"���������"���������������������������' '"'/' "' 'J  But they will not at the first  stroke assure- universal peace and  order. The international and  social questions which the present  war is going to raise are too nu-  Remember the two Balkan  wars. The first was terrible; the  second was still more cruel. .The  allies who had crushed Turkey  rent each other in their struggle  to 'divide the booty.  After the collapse of the German empire and- the dismemberment of the Austro-Hungarian  empire the booty will be richer,  the participants therein more numerous, the difficulties more inextricable. While the great congress of 1915 or 1916 works for  the reorganization of Europe* of  Africa, Vand a part of Asia on  new bases, /the combatants of the  day before will not lay down  their arms for good; perhaps  they will take them up again with  greater fury.  Within each Country formidable  disorders will, arise. Several millions of men will return home to  their hearths with new souls.  Their sufferings and perils will  have given them other desires,  other ideas, other manners. They  will not dread violence as yesterday they dreaded it, and they  will not have the same respect for  human life; they will have seen  death from too nearby, and will  have marched over the corpses  of-friends or enemies.  Now they will find in their  respective countries political'life,  economic life, social life, all  turned topsy-turvy. They ,wili  expect to regulate it anew, but  their ideas will .not be in concord  and harmony.  Actually one wishes no longer  to . recognize parties or cliques.  Common peril reconciles adversaries, as common hatred of Germany has reconciled the (French  and the English, the English .and  the Russians. But these reconciliations are but conditional.  They will last as long as the  ordeal lasts that determined  them. * On the morrow of the  peace England will find herself  face to face with Russia, and the  Socialists face to face with the  conservatiye parties, the anti-  clericals face to face with the  Catholics," and political-coteries  face to- face with their rivals. -  Even during, the truce the  leaders of the opposing parties  are "keeping their powder dry,"  noting the arguments,; collecting  the documents���������that is to say, the  cartridges for future battles.  They say: "We shall reckon up  accounts later on." And the  reckoning will r be harsh.  For example, the Socialists are  not expecting the same results of  this war as are the other parties.  They have always declared  themselves to be pacifists at any  price. They had even sworn, in  France to prevent the war by insurrection, and that was probably  one of the reasons which led Germany to discount the victory.  But at the critical moment the  Socialist masses were carried  away by the deep instinct of  patriotism. The French Socialists  wished to beat down czarism. And  their leaders were obliged to follow Vthfem, as always, to obey  orders in order to escape being  lynched.; X\',;-r >������������������'���������:���������  , Become patriots by force, they  presently exacted a reward ���������-  among us, two seas in the government. Upon the establishment  of the -peace they will exact very  much more; they will demand  economic legislation and political  privileges---Vcimforming';:'-to-l-.-their:  most audacious program.     ���������       '���������-  57  ^eWW nrRriuTiiDrc  SEALED  SECURITY  is essential to safe investment.  OOur Debentures guarantee a  a return of 5%���������are negotiable  DEBENTURES   -are secured by $7,480,339  Assets. ,  4% on Savings Deposits. Subject to cheque  withdrawal. Interest compounded quarter-  yearly.  The Great West Permanent Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg., Ground Floor  R. J. POTTS, Manager.  HOUSEHOID GOODS anu OFFICE FURNITIIM.  riilliJ'JI.L  JiYtlltAI ibl     tUXTt.4     .i    tH    .lit     fcP. Ilfi*     V.MUl)  mLT^iM(iLiig'_i[_a;ifflM  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE-SHIPPING  ��������� PHONE SEYMOUR 7360. OFFICE 857 BEATTY ST. ���������  ^  Events, moreover, 'WOrk in this  way. In order to meet the expenses' of a gigantic war the  states are forced to run heavily  into debt. The charges bri the  loans, the subsidies, pensions, indemnities, which it is necessary  to distribute* to'..the-families .-.of  soldiers and workingmen without  (Continued on Page Three)  Phone Sey. 1076-1077  Coal-Fire Wood  4. HANBURY & CO., HP.  dor. 41* 4v*miw end QrmwWo 91*  Wellington Coal, Cordwood and Plainer Ends  6*-  Tbe Comfort  Baby's  Morning Dip  " f__.OODNESS  VJ KNOWS/*  says the Comfort  Baby'8 Grand*  mother, "what  we'd do without  this Perfection  Smokeless Oil  Heater.  "if I'd only had one  when you were a  baby, you'd have been saved many a cold and  croupy spell.".  For wanning cold comers and isolated upstairs room-, and  for counties* special occasions when extra heat is wanted*  yon need tha Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater.  PERJ$CT.ON  The Perfection is light, portable, inexpensive  to bay and to uee, easy to clean .and to re-  wick. No kindling; no ashes.' 8mokeless  uid odorless. At all hardware and general  stores. Look for the Triangle trademark.  Madala  ROYAUTE OIL is beat for all  THE IMPERIAL OIL CO., Limited JSm  Q****.. VM'  >   k  J-  r. v *".   -  Friday, January 22^ 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  '*<   '"iXfv  4     -lV,  1   For SaZe and  For Rent  Cards  10c each 3 for 25c  ������EST������BN CALL OFFICE, 203 Kingsway  9  A DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Before employing a Private Defective, if yoa don't  know yonr man, ask your  legal adviser.  JOHNSTON, tlw Secret  Service latelligence Bureau. Suite 103-4  319 Fender St., W.  Vaacouver. B. C.  Try Our Printing  Quality  Second  to None  F\  MX *>l+4r\+*l+*%+*?4)*>*j**^*fc*fr*fy*>^  T- ��������� *  A. E. Harron  J. A. Harron  G. M. Williamson  f.  ���������������������������������������'������������������������*���������������������������������������*���������'���������*���������������<"���������*���������'������ '���������'������������������������*������������������������*���������>���������*���������������������������*���������>������������������������  i*  . >  4-  CONSERVATION  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������4i4������t������������������������������>������>������<4<^  CHARCOAL BURNING.  Wood Now Destroyed Might Be  Profitably Converted Into  Charcoal.  HARRON BROS.  t  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS |  VANCOUVER NORTH VANCOUVER *  Office & Chapel���������1034 Granville St.      Office Sb Chapel���������122 Sixth St W.   %  Phone Seymour 8486 Phone 134 T  l**4*****************4********************4*4*4******  JOS. H. BOWMAN  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building:  Seymour Street  Vancouver, B. C. I  \A*******~V*****************&b*^^  ************************** ***********���������***.************  t  *>���������  I  |QA5 FIRES  j $1.00 DOWN AND $1.00 PER MONTH  t .  x ���������  * Gas Fires do everything in the line of heating, which can be secured  v    with any open grate Are, and with the following advantages:  * CLEANLINESS���������No dust, dirt or trouble in laying or maintaining the  fire, removing ashes etc.  CONVENIENCE���������A twist of the wrist, and a scratch of a match,-starta  - the fire in operation. It may be turned off as simply when the desired temperature is reached. ^  '  COMPORT���������The fire is perfectly regulated, thus avoiding the extremes  incident with the old fashioned grate.  BCONtMV���������The fire is ready for instant use, night or day. It gives  heat as soon as lighted, and all the fuel consumption ttops as soon  as it is turned of f.  See tde*e Qui Firei ������������������<! mk* enquriet coacersini tlie tyHjnneiits at:    |  $ Vancouver Qas Co.      Manitoba Hardware Co.  Carrall a Muting* Sts. 1714 Commercial Drive  1133 fjmnviiio St., Nter Pevfe  McCallum *k Sens  3413 AUIn Strwt  Gordon Brown & Co. :  ao9i Granville street  ^..|n}������i|������it..l������������t"|.������|'i|������4"I"l"t"l"t'4,4"l"l"l"l"I"t"l"l'  ^������������������M*4^*?^^?,M,$'^''Mw^fr������M,*W?<^,������?,������!"  t  ::  i  i  BATING  it ������|. ^ <t������ ������t������ ���������}>������}. ������|i ������t. ���������!��������� ������|������ ���������{��������� ������}��������� i^i 4.|������ ������|i ������fi if. ������|i if. ������|i if. '|"|"|' ���������!������ ������I���������t������ ������;fc.^������y '1������^* ������I������ ������?��������� ������!��������� ���������{������ ������������������������ ������������������������ ������I������ ������S������ ������|������ ��������� t' '$"1' *i' *t' *?' '������' ������l* *{' ������I* *i*  Economy and Efficiency, f  Our Mono  Our Business his t*ei' Dull? up bv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  I  loos Homer St. Scy������ Ml  X^M^************************************************  i                           *  Tne  Telephone  The Advance Agent of  COMFOET AND CONVENIENCE  . ���������  Forms a closer union of Home,  '.":'���������  Business and Friends.  fl For a limited time, Business or  'V  '    ;.  Residence Telephones will be in;  " X ! -.      *  stalled  upon   payment   of   $5.00  Rental in advance. ���������.-,  <I For particulars call Seymour 6070.  X Contract Department.  y ��������� ���������  y^^fmM^^:^.  Ji  --��������� x  ir  r  ': ��������� ���������''.  COMPANY; LIMltED  ���������    ���������          .     ;  --  ���������   ::,  .     ''                               * *                      . - ���������  i  i  In land clearing work, use maybe made of the. wood taken therefrom' for the production of charcoal. Canada has a constantly  growing market for charcoal, and  with good prices for the supply,  it is advisable to increase the  production. While the retort is,  undoubtably, the more economical  means of producing charcoal, the  advantage is offset by the fact  that the wood which would be  utilized in the production by pit  burning would otherwise be waste  material, and, consequently, the  return from its use would offset  the. additional cost of production  by the latter method.  For charcoal burning, it is essential to have a piece of land  sheltered as much as possible  from the wind. All kinds of hardwood not under two inches in  diameter may be used. The wood  should be sawn into two-foot  lengths, and split, if requirecl  into pieces not over four inches  square. Sufficient wood should  be provided for two pits; it is  advisable to burn two pits at  once, as during the charring process two .pits can be attended to  as readily as one, night and day  attention being required.  Charcoal "pits" are usually  built about twenty-one / feet in  diameter and about nine ' feet  high. To commence the pile, /a  strong stake is driven into the  ground, having about one foot  exposed. Around this stake are  placed upright small pieces of  dry wood of equal length, and  this is continued until f. layer of  wood is formed the size of the  pit.. 1 A circle about one foot in  dianieter is built around the stake  driven into the ground by placing the pieces of wood horizontally on the upright pieces, the  end, coming to the centre'circle.  This circle is thus built "up to  the required height, forming a  chimney ,for the pit, by which it  is fired. Outside this circular  core the wood is piled on end and  reclining inwards, layer upon  layer,-until the pit is of the size  required. When the building is  completed it is covered with  newly-cut sod, the grassy side inwards, commencing at the base  and working upwards, the sod  overlapping a few inches, and  the chimney being left open. Before covering the top part of the  pit* all crevices between the wood  should be' packed with sod or  sawdust to exclude the air. The  pit is fired by dropping hot coals  and small pieces of dry wood  into the opening at the top; the  opening is then covered with sod,  which effectually closes in the  pit, and the charring commences.  Constant attention is- required  day and night during the burning, especially during stormy  weather, as the wind, by striking  a particular part of tbe pit,  causes that part of the pit to  burn more rapidly and possibly  fall in. .Should this occur, the  space should be at once filled in  with rough logs and again covered with sod.  The time required for burning  varies from seven to nine days,  according td weather conditions,  dry and mild weather* requiring  the longer period.  As the charring proceeds, the  sod covering gradually disappears  until only a slight covering of  burnt earth remains. When the  pits have burned out and become  cool their size will be reduced to  somewhat less than half, of the  original. The charcoal may be  extracted by means of a fine-  toothed rake; after which it  should be stored in a dry place,  care being taken to see that no  live embers are left.  ^ There are; a great many uses  for charcoal, among them being  that: of an 'insulating medium in  cold storage plants and as a disinfectant, charcoal having the  property of absorbing gases, as  well -as being a preservative of  food and animal substances.���������-D.  FORESTRY   ON  A  BASIS.  BUSINESS  Actual  Results   Obtained  From  Scientific Operation.  The best, example of municipal  forest developed specially along  commercial lines is the Sihlwald,  the city forest of Zurich? Switzerland.   This is an extensive tr^et  of 2,560 acres on the high mountains near the city. It has been  under management since 1250,  over 660 years ago.  Thinnings are made when the  trees are only 15 years old and  repeated at intervals of. from 5 to  10 years. The prdductsNof these  thinnings, even down to the  smallest twigs, are marketed at  a profit. The total yield from  thinnings alone is about 10 cubic  feet per acre per annum, which is  a splendid showing of the results  of practical forestry. The annual  growth on the whole forest is  about 230 board feet per acre.  Under natural conditions, this  would not be over 100 board feet,  \The utilization of the products  of the Sihlwald is especially interesting. Instead of selling the  timber as it stands, as is the common practice in this country, the  city does all the work itself,  giving year-round employment to  about 110 men. . The trees cut  from the forest are not only  worked up in- the form of lumber  and fuel, but the city actually  makes such small articles as tool  handles, wood turnery, excelsior,  wooden implements, etc. The tops  are bound up for faggots, and  everything, even the stumps* and  often the very leaves on the  ground, is used.  PEACE WITH GERMAN ALLIANCE  WILL NOT END WAR  (Continued from Page Two)  eixiploynent, bring in their train  the establishment of great state  monopolies and the confiscation  of a part of property. On the  other hand* an entire people of  unfortunates gets the habit of  living at the expense of the community and will not willingly renounce it. That is to say, state  Socialism, collectLvism/rparasitism,  will have made sudden, and' immeasurable progress. ;  v,The war, which the Socialists  cursed, will have been the most  powerful instrument jn achieving  their success  Since ,the conservative parties  will not allow themselves to be  despoiled without resistance, since  the men of these parties will  bring back from the fields ot  battle the same energy as the  Socialists, th^ social war will  not be carried on solely with  harangues and pamphlets.  Then, to sum up, I foresee a  long battle between the Germanic  block and the Allies, followed by  arduous difficulties among the  Allies themselves, before the territorial, economic, and dynastic  reorganization of 4 Europe and its  dependencies; thereafter, social  disorders of great violence.  JIalf at least of the combatants  are sure that this war wil be the  last, and they die enthusiastically,  reckoning that their children will  enjoy a definite and final peace.  J fear they- are mistaken. The  fallow deer has been let loose; it  will not return for a long time  into its cage.' '  The actual war is not the end,  but the beginning, the starting  point, and impulse, of a series of  upheavals. Humanity has seen a  good many others, and the earth  continues to revolve. ,  ���������fr.|..fr.H..|.,t.$...M.,^  I J- D������w������ "  - "'   X .^      G. Murray ,  .j. House Phone: Bay. 886 * .House Phone: Bay. 1187L  $ Office Phones  "        V    ,  J Seymour ������765-8766    ,,     ,  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture Jlanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomininf  Shop! 1066 Dunsmuir St.  #���������  I.C.   ..  ^���������H^M*^fr^������*������K~>^K~W~:^<-4-H^^-fr** ���������M''1''M"H'<'M<'M*������������������;>'MI*4'  ..H"t"H">������'M"H"M"M"W  i-.  Pease Pacific Foundry Limited J  HEATING AND VENTIUTiNQ ENOINEERS  " Economy "  MANUTACTUSUa  Stasia Haatenand Vantllatora for Pnblfe BtriMiaga  W������m Air runwew - CoaMnatiMi fan  Stan and Hot Watar Bote*. Ragtotan  ������ I/I am I M Staam and Hot Watar Mian  lUCal      Radiator-. Pipa and rsttinga  1116 Homer St.     v������co������ver,B.c.    Tel. &y. 3230 ;  ���������!...hhiniitii.in1111n11n111n111111n111e111hi'  WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THS8B AFTBE OHR-BTHAg BABQAINiT  Salted Peann'te, 1-5 lb - :. .7.  m  Toffy Ban, fancy, 2 pkgs     . ^_P  8pearmint (Digest-) Gum, 2 pkgs   s-F������v  Gold Flake Cigarettes, regular 20c, now 10c   Great reduction! on fancy boxes  of Candy, and Pipes.     ,  THAT NEW STORE  LEE BUILDING We lead, others follow.   *     v 1������ BROADWAY, E.  *^4**i****4*4**4******4***44 h~w~x-x~w������:������*+':-."H"W������<-;������:**':~:~>' ���������  . Sovereign Radiators f  Artistic in design.  /Perfect in finish.  Made in Canada.  Taylor-Forbes Co. i  ',     - -  .    . -,       *,*  Vancouver, B. C.  .*  ^^:~>K'������M'*fr'X"KS-*'^  <������  < ���������  ���������MMMM������M,M������^MMtMMIMIMtMMMMMMt>MMMi  1    -      _.   . _     i *m  W. Calder  F. Chapman  Office telephone: 8ey, JJJJ  i     LL.       ,     . X ..,.''. <  M������84   <  Merchants Cartage Co.  EXPRESS, TWJCJC ANP PRAY  Orders by Mail or Telephone Promptly Attended to...t A  :.���������>!,  Feed and Sale* Stables:  716 Cambie Street  140 Water Street  Phone Sey. 8073 VANOOUV������#, 9. C  >WM������ltMMM������MMtMM������MMM������Mt  4*****4***4*******4***4*4m4*4***+***4*i*t*m*m*l  British mm mmw wm':  LIMITED  Gate Va)ve������, hydrants, Brass Goods, Water Uetem,  bead Pipe, Pig fceaO, Pipe and  >ipe yjtttaga.  _   _ Railway Track TooJte jmd JVWte Waste i ���������_  Concrete Mixers and Wheelbarrows.  Pfeone: Sey. $942. UJU Pominion BniWin*. <  >*4*4*4*********************************************  Phone Fairmont U40  ;:,  Ring us up for  PRINTING OR ADVERTISING  Umttan- ntr-ellon* valve,' solid M-ct. Wadding Kin  ���������itbcnS-et.GemRlag,setwitliDiani<mdsRnbiei Pearls,Ao iur  40/- (9t dolUrs), or 40/- with order and SO'-on delivery.  Special attention gtvan to foreign anqnbias.   Writ*for List. |  ������aA������TKM', IM., Neva Stora*. BYE. fag,  l��������� (1.0.  If the Cash-on-lJeliyery System ia in use in your country, then  you need only send 10/ for either 2 Rings you select and pay  balance when you receive the Rings.   Masters, Ltd., Bye, England.  MASTERS' LTD.  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOGUE  may be seen at  203 KINGSWAY  any day  between 8 a. m.  and 5 p. m.  Saturday till 12  noon.  Orders left with  T. Odium.  <Kl  4. '  ^- 4- ,4 |  'V >  'ii  1' ������   ,.>  n  ! X  "��������� >!  v,  t.' ,������ THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, January 22, 1915.  THE WESTERN CAU  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY     s  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LTD,  HEAD OFFICE: '     "  '  203 Kingsway, Vancouver  Telephone Fairmont 1140  Subscription/  One Dollar a Year In Advance  SimSO Outside Canada  m^m*M^^^******^***mmm*^^mmmmimmmmmmmmmmmmm^mmmmm^^m^^m^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^-.-  If you do not get ><GALL" regularly  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  WHAT THE BRITISH  NAVY MEANS TO US  1 r  The" following extract from an article by a  distinguished writer in the latest issue of the  "Round Table," a non-political publication devoted to the welfare of the. Empire, places the  case clearly.and unmistakably. It is worth the  thoughtful consideration of all Canadians who.  .have the welfare of the Empire at heart:  "The people of the British Empire have  learnt much during the last three months, and  will learn more still before the war is over as to  the true source of their strength. Command of  sea, now as always, stands between the Empire  and destruction. Command of sea is all that  separates victory from disaster. So long as the  British Navy commands the sea the British  "Empire cannot be defeated. If it loses command  of the sea the Empire'cannot win.- All discussion of*financial, economic, or other war problems must finally come down to that simple elementary truth, and it, would be well were it  ',. burnt into the mind of every,subject of the King  ..throughout the world. ,' "  -~X ~  i "If a defeat were ever to come, then Great  Britain, with, all her dominions, would lose ���������  everything-r-enapire, possessions, shipping, and  commerce. "Their colonies would be taken, their  coaling actions seizecb their ships sunk and  their commerce destroyed; all. that would be an  easy task for a victorious fleet.   Neither con-  ~ ventions nor declarations, neither Hague Tribunals nor laws of nations would prevent our foes  ' from employing every, weapon to their hand for  our destruction.        t  ,   "fortunately, we have good faith that the  ��������� British fleet is more than equal to the task be-  * fore it, and for this let us be thankful that we  ; did not listen to those misguided doctrinaires,  who with their incapacity to look facts in the  face, to distinguish -the real from the unreal,  x urged nam season, and out of season to weaken  our fleet, and fatally,to reduce even the smaJL  .' margin of insurance on which not afew, paltry  millions, but our whole life and nationhood,  depend, Let us also,, throughout ,tbe Empire,  mark and learn the lessons which this war will  teach us- While every part, of the Umpire is  equally' and vitally concerned in the command'  of the sea, yet the very breath of the Empire's  fleet is unityX Jf the 0Wi4 Flwt itself w 4t-  ligerent ports, whether directly or indirectly, is  not an immoral act, but it is one which exposes  the smuggler to certain penalties and the whole  neutral shipping to certain embarrassments. , If  cotton, which is not contraband, is?to hide copper which is, then the British may maintain; that  so long as a bale of. the one may contain a fc^rtiel  of the other, cotton shipments must be viewed  with suspicion.  "The question is one of fact. The American  Government will not undertake to protect shippers who take the risks of sending declared contraband. It must protest for the protection of  shippers who' conform to the war regulation *>f.  international commerce. Extraordinary profits  entice Shippers to risk discovery and confiscation  in the sending of contraband, and this, unfor-  - tunately) exposes our international commerce to  an interference which is exasperating.  '' The British may not have set the facts forth  accurately, but, if they have, it must be conceded  here that their.'national exigency demands the  fullest use of protective measures. Great Britain  has taxed itself for generations to oDtain such  control of the seas as would enable it to adopt  such military measures as might be needed in  war. Germany has,.taxed itself for generations  to provide an army which would carry the war  into the other nation's territory. ,Each has succeeded in its programme:  "Battles are fought almost everywhere except  in German territory. Ports are closed except as  the British permit them to be open. The United  States cannot, expect Great Britain to give up its  advantage unless a case free from equivocations  and deceits can be established by this nation:Y If  we engage in contraband trade we may as well  expect that there will be. interference with other  trade.''  featod, small, weak, and distant squadrofci mutt  either uselessly keep their, harbors or be sent to  the bottom- The shores and commerce of. all the  Dominions- as well as of the British Islands, will  then be open to the attack ' of the victorious  enemy. The whole Empire,is, therefore, equally  concerned in the Navy's strength, and it is vital  to every part that in this and in every war there  shall be present on tbe day of decision and at  the decisive point an irresistible and united  Fleet."  TUB WHTISB BBW.Y.  The Chicago Tribune has not 'been altogether  favorable to Britain's cause, therefore their  leader, which we reproduce today, is all the more  encouraging to those who hope that the "Bight  of Search" squabble will be honorably and peaceably settled and that right quickly.  , "Great Britain's reply to the American protests against interference with neutral shipping,  although sent as a preliminary and incomplete  answer, must be conceded to throw some of the  responsibility back on the United States. The  British note is written in* as friendly a manner as  was the American, protest, but, without com-  ��������� plaint, it raises the question of commercial good  faith, and that question must be handled here.  "Smuggling of contraband articles into be-  |     BE PREPARED!  %'        Every Canadian should protect himself and $  % family by carrying a policy in  I MUTUAL LIFE OF CANADA $  A Cttabllahtd 1860      >  % "CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL"  For rates and  full information see our ','.  t  j. agents, or  I  %  t  *  ���������*  W. J. TWISS  Olatrlet Manager  317.319 ROGERS BUILDING  %  ��������� ^���������^������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^^���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*  ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF PEACE  -X-  A LETTER  Editor Western Call.  . ��������� The following is a copy, of a letter received  from Bight Hon. Sir B. L. Borden with reference  to a song entitled "In the Navy," which I am  about to publish.  ..,.."' W. A. ELLIS..  Ottawa, Ont., Jan. 12, 1914.  My Dear Mr. Ellis:   It has given me genuine  pleasure to read your patriotic song, and I shall  be very pleased to have it dedicated to me a!s~  suggested.   Yours faithfully,  (Signed) B. L. BOBDEN.'  +���������+������������������1  We have just received a copy of) the programme of Thanksgiving Services for'the Hundred Years of Peace, to be held in the Canadian  churches on Sunday, 14th February, 1915. It  contains the following preamble:  The celebration of a Hundred Years of Peace  between two nations is an event unique in international history.  In June, 1812, the United States, smarting  under what she regarded as the overbearing attitude of Great Britain, declared war, and  promptly invaded Canada. The magnificent and  noble defence offered by the.British and Canadian Regulars and Militia is emblazoned in letters of gold upon the Britannic records, and the  descendants of those who fought and who saved  thefair lands of Canada from conquest by another power are not wanting in their tributes of  respect to the memory of their heroic progenitors.  Today the scene has changed. Those who  were at war are now living side by side in amity.  No fortresses guard their _ frontiers, and such  rivalry as exists is only in the prosecution of the  arts of peace.  The organizers of the. Peace Centenary movement would have failed to do their duty if they  had not arranged for a prominent place to be  taken by theo churches. It is a matter for devout  thankfulness3 to Almighty God^that, notwithstanding boundary disputes s and outbursts of  national passion, it has been possible for us to  keep the peace for the past century, and that  differences have been settled by appeal not to  the arbitrament of., the sword, but to common  senW and reason; - It is hoped that on the Sunday?'selected* the churches of Canada and-the  United States will join in this celebration, and  that, a mighty anthem of praise, full-souled and  sincere, will ascend, to High Heaven.  The fact that Canada, as a component part  of the British Empire, is at war makes the holding of the Peace Celebration with the great  K friendly nation to'the south-a much more impressive and important event'than originally was anticipated. Shortly after the outbreak of hostilities in Europe, the Prime Minister, the Bight  Hon. Sir Robert Borden, and the Leader of the  Opposition, the Right Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier,  expressed their views on a continuance of the  programme of the Canadian Peace Centenary  Association.   Sir Robert Borden said:  .*4*4*4*4*4*4***********4*4***4*4*4*4********************  "The project of marking in an appropriate  manner the completion of a century of peace between the British Empire and the,United States  ought surely to command the widest sympathy.  That terrible storm of war, now sweeping Europe,  , the ravages of which reach even to the shores of  this continent, brings into clearer relief the more  - excellent \ way which these two   great   powers   -  have  found   and  followed.     It   is   no   small  triumph of civilization that these two neighbor-   _  ing nations have been able so long to live side  by side without recourse to the arbitrament of  - war, and to adjust their differences by the exercise of reason and moderation, powerfully*  seconded, as these admirable qualities have been������  by the growing good feeling between the people  of our Empire and the Great Republic >Vhen  tidings reach us of devastated fields and ruined  towns in other lands, our hearts must be uplifted  in thankfulness that on this continent we have  been spared those distressing conflicts. The proposal to mark in some public way our gratitude  for this great blessing has seemed to me, from  the beginning, to be eminently appropriate and  worthy of encouragement.'*  Sir Wilfrid Laurier said:  "I am certainly of the opinion that the celebration should not be interfered with by the war.  On the contrary, at this moment more than ever  it would be advisable that the American people  and the Canadian people should give an example  to the world of their unflinching and determined  desire to maintain peace."  Some months ago t the Executives of the  American and'Canadian Associations agreed to  set aside Sunday, February 14th, 1915, for  special thanksgiving services, and to invite the  churches of the two countries to act together in  the matter. The reason for the selection of this  date was that it would not conflict with the  regular calendar in any of the churches. The  Treaty of. Ghent was signed on Christmas Eve,  1814,jbut owing to the necessarily slow rate at  which news could travel in those days, the^docu-,  ment did not reach Washington until February  14th, 1815. It was ratified by the Government  of the United States on "February 17th, 1815.  February 14th, 1815, is, therefore, the nearest  Sunday to the Centenary of the ratification of  the Treaty.  if.*4*4***4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4**4*4)*4*4*4*4*4*4*4***4************************Jf*************4*4*4*4*4< ���������  I DOMINION GOVERNMENT AID TO CANADIAN FARMERS .;  X* '-1 , ~ " * . ''  ,4*4*******4*4*4*^*4**************************'*'*************************************************************^  <.4^^;^x^~>4^^~:������4^������M^"X^"X-%-n~r������������.:..>.WX^~>'������������������  The recent action of the Borden Government  in alloting in the neighborhood; of one million  eight hundred thousand dollar? ($1,800,000) for  the purpose of. relieving those settlers in certain  portions of Saskatchewan and Alberta whose  crops last season ,were a totaL failure, is indisputable evidence of the fact that the present administration is the homesteaders.' friend.\  Under the late Laurier Government the homesteaders in Western Canada were compelled to  live.and labor under.eonditions and subject to  regulations which' made.their lot anything but  an easy, one. Jt is greatly to the credit .of the  present Government that immediately upon a*r-  suming office every possible effort was made to  relieve the ^western settler of the bnerous buV- ,  dens imposed by predecessors.in office.. What  has been, performed in this; respect entitles Sir  Robert Borden and his. colleagues to the united  and wholehearted 'support of all homesteaders  and settlers. ' H   ���������-"-   - -' ��������� V #i '  X"   A Comparisonn^bat is Oorreot.        7  The following comparison of. the acts of the  two administrations forms a striking contrast:  In 1908 the. Liberal Government put into0  force the Pre-emption Act, entitling a homesteader in certain-areas,to take up a quarter  -section adjoining his homestead as a pre-emption,  subject to joertain duties to be performed and  payments made.   These were as follows:  (1) Residing for six months,in each of six  years on either his homestead, or pre-.,  emption.  (2) Erecting a dwelling house on the homestead or pre-emption.  (3) Cultivating eighty acres on homestead  or pre-emption.  (4) Paying for pre-emption at the rate of  $3.00 per acre, to be made as follows:.  One-third of purchase price to be paid  three years after the date of entry and  . balance in five equal annual instalments-,  with interest at five per cent, per annum  from date of. pre-emption' entry.  Later on an Order-in-Council was passed and  came into effect in February, 1909. compelling  all entrants who filed on land after that date to  erect a house to the value of not less than three  hundred dollars.  The Liberal party remained in power for  three years after passing the Pre-emption Act in  1908, and beyond putting the additional burdensome obligations of erecting ,a three hundred  dollar house upon their land no important  changes relieving the homesteaders of their  duties were made by the Liberal Government.  The Conservatives Brought Changed Conditions.  In, 1911 the Conservative Government came  into power. Foi owing are enumerated a few of  the benefits which, since then,; they have conferred upon the homesteader: ���������  The Conservatives had only been in power a  few months when official notice was sent out .to  every land office that the erection of a $.300  house was no longer required except in the case  of purchased homesteads. Later on the following important changes were made:  (1) A three-year term for a homestead and  pre-emption, or six years at the option  of the entrant.  (2)v fa] The first three years' interest  eliminated, and also interest now .only  charged on over-due payments, and not,  ��������� as formerly, on the- whole. balance not  - paid.  . [b] If full period is taken to prove up  in, $120 is saved by each holder of a  pre-emption-  [ej   If a person proves up in three  years, $75 is saved..    -  [d]   Interest already, paid is credited  as principal.  [ej   In, a rural municipality, it is estimated that over $50,000 will be saved,  to the residents through the passing of  thjw amendment' alone.  (3) Homesteaders allowed to prove up withs  stock when land is rough and stony, ors  - otherwise unfit for cultivation.   Quite a  ; v   large acreage of land in the pre-emption  are is being bomesteaded under this  clause.  (4) Living with -relatives in the vicinity has  " also_been~ extended _to- include���������stepfather, step-mo$her������ father-in-law, half-  brother and half-sister, etc  (5)' When residence has been performed in  tbe vicinity, a dwelling house on the  homestead is not required.  .'   (6)   May live on wife's deeded land to prove  up on homestead.  (7) Homestead inspectors' work entirely  under the instruction of agents.  (8) Homestead inspectors not to accept applications for patents unless on special  instructions, from agent.  (9) Inspectors instructed in practically all  fend districts to take applications for  ~ patents from those who are a long distance from the Land Office. In this way  probably thirty or fifty dollars will be  saved each applicant.  (10) Where land has been .held under reservation or entry and becomes available  for posting, adjoining homesteaders get  ��������� fifteen days prior right for a preemption, providing they do not already  hold one.  In addition to these important changes several  others of minor importance have' been put into  operation.  Belief for the Many Drought Victims.  In several land districts in Saskatchewan and  Alberta the severe drought completely ruined the  crops last season. This has resulted in great  hardship for large numbers of the settlers and  homesteaders. When the Government was made  cognizant of the facts and conditions, steps were  at once taken to relieve the distress. First it'  was decided to protect all entries in those districts unconditionally and to accept no applications for cancellation until on or af.ter the first  of April, 1915.  Then it was arranged that the homesteaders  in these affected areas were to be supplied with  necessary food and fuel. For this purpose the  drought affected areas were divided into districts  and relief supervisors were appointed to see that  the needy settlers received provisions and fuel  and-feed for pigs and chickens which they might,  require, also feed oats for horses to do the fall  work.  The Government    has    also    undertaken to  supply all seed grain that is necessary to seed  "this large .area.  It is estimated that it. will take  nearly one audi one-half million bushels of. Fheat,,  alone to do  this, exclusive   of oats, flax and,  potatoes. X  An Order-in-Council was also.passed granting ail holders of entries in the Itfoose Jaw,  Swift Current, Maple CVeek, Medicine Hat and  Lethbridge land districts who have been forced,  to leave their land for the purpose of securing  employment, the privilege of counting as performance of residence duties any portion of the  year 1914 during which tb?y were employed  elsewhere. The privilege is limited to cases of  entrants who aW actually in destitute circumstances owing to the crop failure, and applies  only to entries granted prior to the first of,  August, 1914.   "     , .  ������     Nearly Two Millions for Ws Worfc  To carry out this extensive relief work the >  Government has' found it necessary to set aside  in the neighborhood of one million eight hundred-1  thousand dollars ($1,800,000).   The cost of the  seed grain alone is estimated at about one mil-,  lion dollars.   The sum' of one hundred and fifty  thpusand dollars ($150,000) was allotted for the  maintenance of needy settlers during the winter  months.  In the purchase of the seed,grain the Government took particular care that it should-be  of the very best quality. JFor this purpose the  services of two of the foremost seedsmen in  Western Canada were secured.  It, will be seen from the above that every  possible precaution has been taken by the Government to 'relieve the settlers of unnecessary  hardship and to prepare them for next year's  work. Actual practical assistance has been  given; not merely promises of consideration!   : _ X-   ANY BXOUS J TO JOIN LONDON SCOTTISH.  ^he great exploit of. the London Scottish has  resulted in hundreds of young men wishing to  join these famous Territorials. The first qualification is that you must be of Scotch birth or  Scotch origin, or have Scotch interests, and many  funny stories are being told of the subterfuges  of young men whose eagerness to join the corps  has' stimulated their inventiveness.  Perhaps the best of these stories was that  concerning a bright lad who������ after passing all the  measurement tests and a medical examination,  was asked by the recruiting officer: "Were you  born in Scotland?" "No." "Well, were your  parents born in Scotland?" "No." "Then, what  the do you come here for?"   "I've property  in Scotland."   "Good gracious me���������why didn't,  you say so at first!   Where is it?"   "In Perth."  "Tell us something about it."   "Well, I have a  suit being eleaned up at the Perth Dye Works."   . ^ x   Do you wish to be free? Then above all  things love your neighbor, love one another, love  the common weal; then you will have true  liberty.���������Savonarola..  ���������gjftgggSsr-.?j-y^t*. ������--^-  * V"=7  r~^?-^3S-U������~   ��������� t '���������V   j  ,,    a  I       Friday^ January 22, 1915.  THE ^WESTEBN  CALL  THE KING AND HIS SOLDIERS.  When King George visited a military hospital  on a recent occasion the wounded with whom he  chatted were  astonished* at His Majesty's  extensive and accurate knowledge of the officers  f under whom they had served, and also the infor-,  mation he possessed of the movements of the  troops on the Continent.   As a matter of fact,  | King George and Lord Kitchener undoubtedly  know, more concerning   the    activities   of the  f .British troops than any men in England.    Sir  I John French's private despatches to Lord Kit-  [\chener   are   shared   by King George.     Almost'  every day the newspapers report that the Secretary of State for ")War has visited the King, and  | it is during these consultations tha^; the vital  : facts concerning our troops are laid before His  \ Majesty.  Of course, not the slightest rumor of what  | has occurred at these meetings ever leaks out.  Directly the King has left his private apartments  a secretary enters and destroys the contents of  (the waste paper basket or any odd scrap of  [paper which might afford a clue as to what took  tplace during the interview. These precautions  [are taken before any servant is allowed to enter,  [the room. Important military despatches King  [George keeps locked in his safe and desk, of  [which there are but single keys, which His  [Majesty carries with him.  It was a wounded soldier who said that "King  |George carried the army list in his head," but  [the enthusiastic "Tommy" in question- would  [probably be more surprised if he knew the full  Extent of His Majesty's knowledge of military  Land naval affairs. During his many years in the  Navy, the King had ample opportunity of studying British and foreign coast defences. He knows  .very weak and strong spot on the North Sea  md Channel coast, and of recent years he''has'  ^specially concerned himself with the growth of.  Snglish coast defences. King George has also  )btained extensive practical knowledge of naval  Tactics by taking an active part in all ihe big  laval reviews.   X '���������   A WELL KNOWN CITIZEN GONE.  Mr. John 0'Sullivan, a well known assayer,  lied at his residence, 1649 Barclay Street, last  light after ten days' illness of heart trouble;  le was 61 years of age.   Coming to Vancouver  tn 1897, he was assayer for a time for the B. C.  Lgencies, a London firm, but later practiced in  the city for himself. ��������� He came from Swansea,  [Wales, where he was connected for twenty-six  "ears with the firm of Vivian & Sons, as chief  iBsayer.   He has been prominent in both'business  ind .social circles since coming to Vancouver.  le leaves five daughters besides his widow.   ; X S   (ip ^ *^ /��������� ,.-**  Ml������������������-M-������������������WWWmM*a**Ww **        >      V^-'r^'*     f >.%v  k     -'-".-; )'"-&>$���������?,  ���������     X      -  "���������-     "     t    $     \. '5 '-*X;  -     '/. ~\r   r  -���������    .    ,.   -  '   -   -< i   ������   \   >*   <-. - '������% '<d  x   .   "-vx^j  V sr     ^ f   f    .   _rf3  >'   '   '*< Xr-X  ,    c <���������f* 1-, _|  . k &hn  -    \ x   $  o 'J-  '     < /<V ������X;J  xx y^i  j. <', > '���������*  J   ^^ -. L.  V  ������4>J_>.>>,|  <       "J ;  >  Mb. L. D. Taylob, Mayor of Vancouveb fob TrtiBB Term  **4*4*4*4*4*4*4******************4*4*4*4*4*4*4**4*4*4*4*4*4*.4*4*4*4*4**4*4*******4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*)*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4***  NOW WILL YOU BE GOOD, W. Jf.  Toronto, Jan. 20.���������The- following   telegram  [tyas today sent to W. J. Bryan, United States  Secretary of State, by Bev. Byron H. Stauffer,  >astor of the Bond Street Congregational Church  ������nd a former resident of the United States:  "How much longer will you keep silent while  ion-combatants are being murdered and every  [principle  of  the Hague   Conference  is   being  violated.  You have your ideals and your dreams.  Tou have spoken eloquently of^ the Prince of  I Peace. You can serve Him now. Your con-  [tinued silence must surely give the lie to your  lectures and sermons. I am sure I speak for the  [great majority of former residents of. the United  states now living in Canada."  ,^f  $x  \  RESULTS OF ELECTIONS IN GREATER VANCOUVER  . \ l   4   - *  *4*******4%4*4*4*4*****^********\*********\************************%**^  Vancouver has elected by a good plurality  Mr. L. D. Taylor as Mayor of the city for tbe  third term. ' The Council elected is composed as  follows:  Ward. 1���������Walter Hepburn and J. D. Byrne.  Ward 2���������S. J. Crowe and W. B. Hamilton.  Ward 3���������C. W. Enright and T. Kirkpairick.  Ward 4���������J. Hoskins and Pr. Mcintosh.  Ward 5���������C. N. Jones and C. J3- Mahon.  Ward 6���������B. H- Gale and S. C. Elliott.  Ward 7���������M. McBeath and F- E- Woodside.  Ward 8���������F. P. Bogers and F. Trimble.  North Vancouver has elected G. S. Hanes as  Mayor, and as Aldermen, Messrs. C. F. Foreman,  B. C. Biss, T. L. Kennedy, G. W. Vance, H. Mac-  Ponald and H. C. Wright.  ^ South Vancouver has elected Mr. Edward  Gold as Reeve, and as Councillors:  Ward 1-7-C. H. Stanley.  . 1(Ward 2���������W. B. Bussell.  ������ '^IVa,^ 3���������^. w:, Welsh'. ' "    *    '  ,Warq\ 4���������Richard Street.  Ward 5���������J. Campbell.  Ward ,6���������J. Bowling.  .Ward 7���������W. J. Allen.  WNest Vancouver .has elected Mr., George Hay  as Reeve, and as Councillors:  Ward 1���������Colonel Whyte.  Ward 2���������W. C. Thompson.  -Ward 3���������V. V. Vinson.  Ward 4���������T- F. Merrick.  Potot Oirty has'elected Mr. A. Gk Harvey as  Beeve, and as Councillors:   '. -���������        x    ,?-r-.  Ward 1���������J. H. Lochlin.  Ward 2-?-David W. ^elsh.   X x  Ward 3-J: CwOiffe:;*- - i     ,;  Ward 4���������Pr. W. B. HfcKecbnie.  Ward 5^-W. H. Lembke.  Ward 6���������M. T. Bobson.  Ward 7���������F. C. Fletcher:  Bnmaby has re-elected Beeve Fraser by acclamation, and as Councillors, Messrs. Wm. Bevan,  T. P. Coldicutt, Colonel Ward, P. V. Fauvel,  Angus MacPonald and John-Murray.  Biohmond has re-elected Beeve Bridge, and as  Councillors, Messrs. W. F. Howell, A. P. Stewart,  Wm. M. Oldfield, Bice Bees and Tbos. C. Foster.  ���������" >vXXX  4 "   v  'S^fTVk  '-Jf   ^   v' JrS\  .f''-:Xs': '*  >?7j   "  ,.    f.;-  H. H. STEVENS, M.P, HEPUES TO HARPOH CRITICS |  ������ ^ (CONTINUBO FaOW PAGU On������) - \ ^.  nonsense," and told of a conversation against the ship?" asked Mr.'SteVens.  '* Within three years all tbis has  [been done, and I feel that Vancouver  [is under a deep debt of gratitude  [to the Dominion Government," Mr.  IStevens observed. '' I have no apology  fto make to any body of men or any  [section of this community as to my  'own efforts, and"I do not intend to  ' apologize.''  Next, he said, \ye took upon himself,  without any fee, and with the assist-  J ance of Mr. E. L. Eeid, who gave his  Ii advice  free  of  charge,  the   responsibility of drawing up a bill based upon  'harbor bills  in  other ports    in.   the  I world, and particularly Montreal.   He  went through it with the officials at  [Ottawa;'it was carefully criticized by  Uhe best harbor men in the world; fe-  | printed  seven:.- times  and  was  passed  [by the Dominion. House of Commons.  ^"'Tdon't claim for that bill that it  Lhas no . imperfections, because I defy  | any man to produce a bill that has not,  I especially where; it- has. to be: applied  to local condition., which cannot bo  fully,ascertained until it is'applied,"  (remarked   the  speaker.    "And   there  I will have to be minor adjustments, but  II am prouder of it today than I have  lever been."      X  ..   -Dealing with the argument: used by  his  opponents  that  he  had  no  ezpe-  frience  in  these matters  and  that  it  t'' was an impertinence on his part to  I interfere," Mr. Stevens said, "I supT  [pose if I bad worked on the wharves  [for ten ot twenty years and made, out  I bills of lading I should be regarded as  I knowing something.about shipping, but  f* I -may tell. you that/before this bill  became law I studied at the ports of  ^New  York,  Philadelphia,  Seattle,   Ta-  1 coma, San i?rancisco,  Nagasaki,  other  I Japanese and Chinese ports, and, years  ) before, Bristol, wbere I wks born, one  of  the  finest ports  in ,the  world.;   I  contend   that   anjr   man   of   common  sense  can  apply himself to  any form  *bf government ind arrive at a reason-  | able   amount' of  knowledge.     Ke. _ can  get ������a sound grip of general principles  ' without specializing. ".-  Eeplying to criticism of the constitution of the harbor committee, the  speaker spoke of Mr." Carter-Cotton,  its chairman, as one of the ablest and  . sanest business men in the city, with  a wide experience of commercial and  public life;-bf Mr. J. A. Fullertonias.  a man who had spent the whole qf bus  life in the shipping world, and of Mr.  S. McClay as a man of wide experience and. favorably known to the  citizens of Vancouver. He added that  Mr. McClay was one of the best commissioners in Canada and that bis (Mr.  Stevens) experience, both at ports in  Canada and on the other side of the  line, had been to hear Mr. McClay  spoken of by the best posted men in  harbor workV *     >.  "Would it be wise that this harbor  should be handed over to the tender  mercies of the wharf owners of this  cityt'' asked the speaker. " Tbey are  exactly the men who should not be  put on that commission." X  Critic U Replied to.  : While stating that he had nothing  but the most utter - contempt for a  man who criticized anonymously, Mr.  Stevens took up the arguments used  by a man who had, he said, supplied  the evening newspapers with a statement on this harbor question and who  __*���������������described as a prominent official  in railway and marine circles. One of  these had reference to the lifting of  heavy- weights aboard a Bussian vessel  now in por*;. X  ";S!or years we have had the humiliation of seeing heavy pieces of  machinery and freight; taken from Vancouver to Seattle to have them un>  loaded, 'asserted, the speaker; "and  onlyV today FairbanksV rang me up to  say that they had brought three motor-  boats into the city and that they  could, not ; unload them. They have  coming right now a planer weighing.  29,000 -pounds, and they do not know  what they, are going to do about it  wheni they get it here. I expect they  will have to take it to Seattle to unload it/ This firm has brought in  boilers and has had to take them to  Seattle to. unload. They have had a  huge casting broken; here because of  the "inability of our 'machinery to  handle it properly."������������������"/.. ~.  Mr. Stevens told what bad happened  in the case of the EuBsian ships, Novgorod-and Tamboy, how the* former  had -had to erect her own expensive apparatus aboard and the latter had been  loaded at Wallace's because Vancouver  wharves could not do the work. Referring to the criticism in this statement that, not one bushel of . grain  more would' have passed through the  port of Vancouver even if it had bad  half a dozen grain elevators, be characterized  the  statement  as  '' childish  "The harbor commissioners at Vancouver propose to ch%rge three eents a  ton, but the revenue would go to the  harbor commission tot tbe good of tbe  port instead, as in Washington, to the  he had had at Winnipeg with Dr. McGill, chairman of the Grain Commission, when the latter bad bought 250,-  000 bushels of wheat for tho New Zealand Government, wbich he said he  could not put through Vancouver be-  ff"^^3_rjr^i__,,ss **- 's^-i_������  similar instances. )    tfhe  Seattle  authorities    told    him  After dealing at some length with when he was'in Seattle tbat they had  what he termed "the iniquitous freight been working for years trvini*1 to get  rate proposition," Mr. Stevens pro-jtne Federal Government to' hel_> the  ceeded to deal in detail with the bar (port in some way, but without success,  bor charges here and elsewhere. He That wa������ very different to Vancouver's  pointed out that Sydney had 32 col- position in this respect.  Hers, three, fireboats, one 75-ton crane,,  one 65-ton crane, and several smaller! They must nave some revenue for  cranes. A great deal had been said! the equipment of Vancouver's harbor,  during the last few: months with j They had no fireboat and if a big fire  reference to the proposed tonnage tax, occurred on the waterfront, efficient  of three cents, per registered ton for. as the Vancouver fire brigade and fire  five entries of shipping coming into' fighting apparatus was, it would not  Vancouver, and it was claimed that be able to cope with it. Besides, out-  such a tax would militate seriously; side a certain line the city had no  against the shipping of this port. As, jurisdiction at all and it was the duty  farVas the logs were. concerned, that: of the harbor commission to provide  charge had been waived by the com-1 such facilities. The charges.on a ves-  missioners  the moment it was shown  sel of a certain capacity going to Los  ������������������������������������ttt������<f������ttt������������������t������t������������^������-������������������t^  a mm FROM VICTOWA  (Continued from Page One)  ,*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4****+*+*+*+********************4*4  hurried to the dock with huckets     legislative Assembly   (elected  and secured the live fish.   The j^arch 28th, 1912; term expires  next day it was different as a i9j6)_The   Honourable   Pavid  stench arose from the putrifying ^ _,       n,u'_ixrnoi  fish that threatened the health of McJBwen Bberts, K. C, Speaker,  the. neighborhood.    A   gang   of  men were secured with difficulty,  and by use of buckets over 30XJ00  tons of decaying   herring   were  thrown   over   the gate into the  harbor." It will be a long time  before the inhabitants of. Esqui-  malt will eat herring again.  that the stagnation in the lumber mar  ket would make it a severe imposition,  and it was included in the bylaw as a  power   that   the  commissioners   might | cents charge, $230.  exercise in certain circumstances.   The  three cents charge was very moderate.  Angeles were $370, San Francisco  $600; Portland $418, Seattle $388, Vancouver,   including  the- proposed   three  Mr. Stevens dealt at length, with the  question   of pilotage,   stating that   he  was advocating at Ottawa that it be  tiwu*. ���������n~,n~~ ^,������ i.������w������ *������ .^.u.. cut in half here andVthat he  had  a  "The question we have to consider. Bystematic hearing.    He quoted many  t^^X^lt ^^^h^'Tth^ ������Wes  and  showld that^he  salaried  from shipping at this port and: at the,j J  u   - , ilo6 he       an into severil  same time keep our charges as, low or ��������� thoUsand   dpolIir8       iece.     ll8   quoted  as.1^ ^k^r.piSve^v ^ii&r^t.i^ips;ets  Los   Angeles   they  bad   high   dockage j &S&R& UnS3^S-SS������.  fees, which correspond^ the wharfage -.-������������   tha?  the   propOBed   harbor   com-  missioners'   charges   were   lower   than  almost every other case.  ���������) -  Mr. Stevens dealt individually with  each steamship company here and, all  the , steamship companies plying here,  and; showed by figures the effect upon  them of the proposed harbor charges.  He dealt at length with two petitions  against, the charges presented to the  government at Ottawa by the shipping  and commercial men here and .then  read communications he had received  from scores of leading local firms who  Seasonable Revenue.  fees at Vancouver. The tonnage tax  of six cents per ton was applicable to  every port in tbe United States, and  that was where the Vancouver people,  merchants and. others, were hoodwinked. They said that was. not a  harbor charge; but a federal charge.  The Federal Government charged six  cents a ton upon every registered ton  on yessels coming into the United  States and that charge applied for five  times in the year.  Take the Blue Funnel boats.   Every  trip  they  made  to  Seattle  they paid j had signed  those petitions, withdraw-  six cents per ton. . .    ��������� I ing their names and siating that they  p "That goes tp the Federal Govern-j had signed them under a misapprehen-  ��������� ment,. but  is  it  any    less    a  charge  sion as to their object.  In all of British Columbia there  is no city so near to the war" as  Victoria. About 2,500 soldiers  are in training at the Willows,  and hundreds are seen on the  streets each day, either in marching order or wandering about on  leave of absence.  The general stringency of the  times has resulted in the Mayor  of Victoria and the Beeves of  Esquimalt, Saanich and Oak Bay  being elected by acclamation.  Following are the members of  the Government for this session  and their post office addresses:  Lieutenant-Governor, His Honour  Frank Barnard. Private Secretary, H. J. S. Muskett.  Executive Council���������-Provincial  Secretary and Minister of Education, the Honourable Henry,  Essen Young. M. D.; Attorney-  General and Commissioner of  Fisheries, the Honourable William  John Bowser, K. C; Minister of  Lands, the Honourable William  Roderick Boss, K. C; Minister of  Finance and Agriculture, the  Honourable Price Ellison; Min  ister of Mines, the Honourable Sir  Richard McBride, K.C.(Premier);  Minister of. Public Works and  Railways, the. Honourable Thomas  I Taylor.  Members, constituencies represented and post office addresses:  Behnsen,   Henry   Frederick   William,  Victoria City, Victoria; Bowser, Honourable William 'John, K. C, Vancouver  City, Victoria;  Campbell,  L.  A.,  Rossland    City,    Rowland;    Callanan,  Michael, M. D.. Cariboo, Barker ville;  Carter-Cotton,   Francis   L.,   Richmond,  Vancouver;    Caven,    Thomas   Donald,  Cranbrook, Cranbrook; Cawley, Samuel  Arthur, Chiliiwack, Chiliiwack;,Davey.  Frederick,    Victoria    City,    Victoria;,  Eberts, Hon. David MacEwan. Saanich,  Victoria;  Ellison, Hon..  Price,. Okanagan, Victoria; Forster. H. E., Columbia,  Golden;   Foster  W.   W..  The   Islands,  Victoria; Fraser, John Anderson. Cariboo.   Quesnel;   Gifford,   Thomas,  New  Westminster  City.   New  Westminster;'  Hayward,   William   Henry,   Cowicbaa,  Duncan; Hunter. William, Slocan, ,Sil-  verton:  Jackson. John'Robert. Greenwood! Midway; Lucas, Alexander, Yale,'  Vancouver;       Macgowan.      Alexander  Henry Boswell. Vancouver City, Vancouver;  Mackay,  Neil Franklin, Kaslo.  Victoria;    Manson,    Michael,    Comox,  Union Bay;  Manson, William,' Skeena,  Prince   Rupert;   Manson,   William   J.,  Dewdney, Mission City; Miller, Ernest,  Grand  Forks,  Grand  Forks;   MacKen-  zie,   Francis   James   A.,   Delta,   New  Westminster; MacLean, W. R., Nelson  City,'-Nelson; McBride,- Honourable Sir  Richard, K. C, Victoria City, Victoria;;  McDonald, Archibald, Lillooet, Clinton;  McGuire, Georce Albert, D. D. S., Vancouver City,  Vancouver;   Place,  J.  T.  W.,  Nanaimo City,  Nanaimo;   Pooley,  R. H., Esquimalt;  Ross, Hon. William  Roderick, K. C, Fernie, Fernie; Schofield,   James   Hargrave,   Ymir,   Trail;  Shatford, Lytton Wilmot, Similkameen,  Vancouver;     Shaw,    James    Pearson,  Kamloops,    Shusbwap;    Taylor,    Hon.  Thomas, 'Revelstoke,   Victoria;   Thomson,  Henry  Broughton,  Victoria   City,'  Victoria;     Tisdall,    Charles    Edward,  Vancouver   City,   Vancouver;   Watson,  Henry Hoi crate, Vancouver City, Vancouver;   Williams,   Parker,   Newcastle,  Ladysmith:' Wood,  J.   G.   C,   Alberni,  Alberni;   Voung,   Hon.   Henry   Esson,  M. D.,- Atlin, Victoria: Thornton Fell,  Clerk Legislative Assembly. 1 r v  i   >  THE WESTERN   CALL  ,   Friday, January 22, 1915. t  ^Z^l^fyQ^^+Z*^  a     / ^������wv wy  X. %-������_������ >. ><*���������*.  ffs    '*?���������$,%,' , y*,x.*/,*?���������">lW* A������  ������������ JW������I ',     '     *        ,'���������������*   V������^ ^^vjii______.'       .-   .     ������/     T&XX-'^i  Mil .%$>?-t^MiMm^^&*9mk^'<>..  ���������' *-!w^9%i  vx*l  ^Z& . -  IX<  TXXBSS  BBOUHATIOWB  |  Mount Pleasant Livery  J TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving;  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 345  t  ?  ���������5*  f  %  t  i  !������   Corner Broadway and Main  A. P. McTavish, Prop.  1  **************************** *W>***********************  **M*********************** *************\^*****u>******  % Baxter & Wright  COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS  $  Governing Timber on Dominion lands  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the  North West Territories, the Railway  Belt in the Province of British Colum-  Dia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres Located by the Dominion  in Ihe Peace River District in British  Columbia.  X.lcenses  A license to cut timber on a tract not  exceeding twenty-five square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of $5.00 per square  mile, per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Yale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of  5 cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section 20 of the  regulations.  Timber Permits and Boca  Permits may be granted in the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  milelin extent, on payment of .dues at  the 'rate of 50 cents per -thousand feet,  B.M., and subject to payment of rental  at the rate of $100 per square mile, per  annum.  Timber (or Xome-teadera  Any occupant of a homestead quarter  section having no timber of his own  suitable for trie purpose may, provided  he has not previously been granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut tlie quantity of building and  fencing timber set out in Section 51 of  the Regulations.  W. W. CORY.  Deputy of the Minister of the Interior.  I   Cash or  Easy  | Payments  $40000    I  Stock to   X  Choose    %  %  From  Come iri and talk it ovfer when looking for furniture.  BAXTER & WRIGHT  Phone Seymour 771 416 Main Street |  '44*,*********************** ���������:������x-m--:^^:������**h<4^^~:-*������m~:-x-{-h-J'  Commercial Printing at "Western Call" Office  START THE NEW  YEA&WGHT...  'V_-S____#/  ." anrm\ m) ������  ^$_i__a&L  hy presenting yonr goo4  wife with 'an up-to-clate  motor washing machine and  hall-hearing wringer; one of  ours will please her.  We have a complete stock  of Olothet Pryen, Waah-  hoarcU, Wash BoUert, Tnhf  and Olothw Fini.   We deliver promptly.  W.R. Owen > Morrison  The mt. P|ea������ant Hardware  Pbone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It Is not excelted for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  This is the Oldest Established  Market in Vancouver, an example  of "The Survival of the Fittest.?���������;���������'-���������'-'"���������  Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor: FRANK TRIMBLE  Phone s Fairmont 257  STfroMts or coaj_  Coal mining rights of the Dominion,  ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Albert.*,  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portin of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term of twenty-one years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2569 acres will be leased to one applicant  Application for a lease must be made  by the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district ln which  the rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5, which will be refunded if the rights applied for are not  available, but not otherwise. , A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of 5 cents  per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include'the coal mining  rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary fori the working of the mine at the  rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Bub-Agent of Dominion  Lands.  W. W. CORY  Deputy Minister-of the interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will-not be paid for.  Prohibition For State  Educational Centers  Lansing, Mich., 'Jan. 15.���������Senator Henry Straight introduced a  bill today to prevent the granting  of licenses and the sale of liquor  in any Michigan township, city  or village wherein a state school  is located.  The bill, in all probability, will  be reported out by the liquor  committee, with the recommendation that it pass, and the senators  are awaiting word from the governor as to whether he will sign  such a bill.  As drawn, Senator Straight's  bill would make a dry area in  several counties where saloons  now are doing a thriving business. If the bill is passed, saloons  will be driven from Ann Arbor,  where the University of Michigan  is located; Houghton, where the  Michigan College of Mines is  situated; ��������� Ypsilanti, where the  State Normal College is; Marquette, with the northern State  Normal; Kalamazoo, with the  western State Normal; Flint, the  home of the Michigan School for  the Deaf; Lansing, where the  Michigan School for the Blind is  located; Saginaw* with the Employment Institution for the  Blind; Coldwater and Big Rapids.  An appeal to Farisiennes has been  made by Le' Temps to send their  woollen petticoats for use , by the  wounded. Ia this innocent Paris editor  misinformed, or can it be that in Paris  women still wear flannel petticoats f  Tn London, they passed hopelessly oat  of fashion and use several years ago.'  Persons who claim to be informed assert that of all the details of under-  raiment that belonged to a woman's  wardrobe ten years ago, the only one  that survives is the stocking. But I  don't know. It's a baffling world.���������  London Opinion.  **4*4*****4*4*4***********-k**4*4*4*4***********4*4*4*  FUDN  TAKE NOTICE that The MacDonald-  Godaon Company, Limited, intends to  apply at the' expiration of one month  from the date of the'first publication  of this notice to the Registrar of Joint  Stock Companies that- its name be  changed to "MacDonald Bros.",' engineering Works, Limited."  Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this'28th  day of November,A. D. 1914.  ft. p. vtookton, '  Secretary  '413 Granville Street,  Vancouver. 8.' C.  11 mm  & CO.  We are offering this week  exceptional values in  Ingrain Papers  Now Js the time to secure  your paper for your front  rpom, dining room or ball  and to have them done for  the least possible outlay.   ������  Before placing your order  for Fail decorations, kindly  call or phone  Less Opportunities.���������Man at Desk���������  "Why do you claim a trombone player  is less of a bore than a pianist?"  Man in Chair���������"He is, because he  doesn't get the chance. He doesn't  find a trombone in every home he  visits.''  Rod and Gun  .'     ____  January Bod and Gun in  Canada, published by W. J. Taylor, Limited. Publisher, "Woodstock, Ont., is out and is a par  ticularly attractive, number. TJhe  cover cut, which represents i  beaver family,,was specially designed to illustrate a story by B.  Mortimer Batieu entitled "Ab-  raisk the City Maker," descriptive of the everyday life of a. particular colony of beavers.. Frank  Houghton contributes another  Carl JSrricson story, "Qoiuiug-  munk," a dramatic account of  the killing of a musk ox in the  far north, which is characterized  by the same quaint humor as was  Houghton's story, "His First  Polar Bear," in the" December  issue, ft. j. Fraser writes of  "Four Sailors on the Trail"  which describes a winter trip by  dog team from Cochrane to Rupert House. Other stories andjuv  tides there and the regular departments to interest the sportsman who must perforce during  the winter months content himself, for the most part, by reading  of the experiences of others while  seated by his own fireside.  I Gardner-Browne's \  GREAT JANUARY  4 >  ���������  4>  ���������  ��������� ���������  ���������  ���������  4   .    I  M  4 ���������  Furniture Sales  ���������  at   ���������  If  you  are   in   the   market  for  Quality  Furniture  Slaughtered Prices, you cannot afford to overlook this sale.  Take advantage of our tremendous price reductions.   Every  dollar spent here means money in your pocket.  COME MONDAY FOB BARGAINS.  GARDNER-BROWNE CO., LTD  . 673=675 Granville Street  " Opposite Hudson's Bay Stores.  ���������������������������������������������������������������������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������-���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������������>���������><  - THE  BEST  FOOD IS BREAD. I  8T. HJCHAEI/8 CHURCH    "  Cor. Broadway itnd Prince KdwaiM s.  Services���������Morning Prayer at 11 a-o*.  Sunday School and Bible ciau������ at i:V  '.     p.m.  Holy Communion every Sunday at 8 a.:;.  Evening Prayer at 7:10 p.m.  and l������t and 3rd Sundays at 11 am  Rev. O. H. Wilson. Rector  2317 Main Street  Pbone Fair. tM  South Vancouver Undertakers  Hamilton   Bros.  We are foremost in our line forX  Funerals  Pkut Frmr t*  4-X BREAD  IS THE BEST BftEAJ).  ;; Phone Fairmont 44 or At all Qrocers ;;  **4*4*4*4*4*4*4***4*4*4*4*k4***********4*************  For Rent & Sale Cards 10c ea. 3 for 25c  VH  Moderate Priced  U7I Fmir Strttt  ****************^>******^  SNAP FOR CASH  OR ON TERMS  ^ ''     X" X. ���������"     '- . .-.'"���������...'-"'''--  Pour Good Lots at  White Rock, B.C.  APPLY TO OWNER, WESTERN CALL  203 KINGSWAY  ���������i"i'������������*-t-i- ��������������� i"i; t'������-������'!��������� t'';-'i i -iX't -|. g..t"i-������������svi"i-f.|.ia"it';i 'K-n-i -i'l mi it t***i  AT HOME  fWMV_MM_BM_B_B__B_B__IMH_BHM_H_M--M_l_B  AT THE CJ.UB  Ask tor  iinns  The Health-Giving  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes'A: _M1^__.  THE HUDSON 6 BAY COMPANV ,^B^   |  J Friday, January 22, 19l6.  THE WESTERN  CALL  >     \'mh.-*s >'X>    '#1  SSIIIIIIIIBSTS  t=  01  OWHA3AN  WASHINGTONDC  CALS  EL OF AMERICAN ID  ���������> r  Located pa Pcnniyhrania ; Aventie, llth and H Strcetttv  Washington'. Newest HotaL  .Ideally   situated,   within" two blocks  ot  the   Executive Man-  lion, onlv a Short walk to the public buildings, -ahops, theater*,  and points of historical interest to visitors ana tourists.  The     famous    Indian     Grill Room, the beautiful Palm Court,  the delightful Tea Room, Grand Pipe   Organ   (only   one  of  its  Itird   in   Washington),   and   an Orchestra of a superfine order,  arc attractions greatly appreciated by Powhatan guests.  Rooms with detached bath,   ������1.50, $2.00 and up.  Rooms   with   private   bath,   92.50, $3.00 and up.  , Write for booklet with map.  CLIFFORD M. LEWIS,  Manager.  Art far ���������ptctal Wwmrr to Bridal Ooapha, Carnation.. IMtt Pcrtta*. Sckoofc nd Oottasa-.  _H  II ifr  ������S^{������^H$w{MgMJMgM^������ejt������g������*jee}*e{e<gie|e i^x^e<|������i^n$*ej>������^M^^>^������    ������$������.������$^������*fr������fr������gM3MgM$Mg������^������fr������|������ifr������gM^  Use Puel Oil  ::  and Save Money  V  %  IX  3*  Y  X  If you are interested in reducing your Fuel Bill,  see us. We are saving money tor others, and can  do the same for you.  We supply and install Fuel Oil Plants of all  descriptions. We do not advocate a cheap plant,,  but we can satisfy you when results are considered.  We have a large number of plants, now in operation in hotels, office buildings, apartment houses,  schools and colleges.  Puel Oil Equipment Company  LIMITED  | 713 Pacific Bldg.    Phone Sey. 3727    Vancouver, 6. C.  *************x*************k********.  [lIg4.|ltylJM|4l|M|ll|l||.4|M|������.j..t4������}H^I������fr4|Mftl}Mfr4^  *4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4+4+4+4+4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4**+*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*,4*4*4*4*4*4   '* , -XXi  j' , _ \ _ ���������     '     ,      .   *fk ' '' l .;a''   .-'.'a  4.  4*  i >  4*  ���������.  ���������������  4*  Our Vancouver Industries  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^������������������������������������^������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������>������e������������������>i  -r! . -������   '������������������ ?-4|  -1- 4' ',i������!  ���������>    4 J ,<> >-'P  -���������-_   1 It  ~>r\*^\  , ,^Xf H  ,  ,,Xvvi  .'l '      ������.   X  *\ ' <'JrX.  1   A'.'  'X*,'- ;|  1 "- l A  ."'1        '  x/?  ' ;.x *.  XXv3  X -. hi  x4  ���������4^1  FACTORY OF J. LFCKIE & CO.  ���������X   ,(, [M  " r   \vXl  :xlH  }YxX|  ^Xl  xx<-  Are yoij going to  |  wear this winter?  Why  T  Reekie's, 0f Course  AndJ am going to see tbat my wife buys them  for TH JJ BOYS too.   They are the best to  wear and are made in Vancouver.  Phone Seymour 8171  : STOREY & CAMPBELL ;���������  '  518-520 BEATTY ST. VANCOUVER, B.C. ���������������  ���������'-.;'; MANUFACTURERS-OF.; ���������'���������     ' XV'X'  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always ;;  XX   on hand.  BUOOIES, WAQONS, Etc.  Leather of all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We  importers of Leather Goods in B. CX  ^4+4+4+4*4*********************  ������>���������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������>������������������������������������������������������������-������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*���������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������  FLOUR IS CHEAP 1  I 98 lb. Sack for       -      -     x.       -      -    $3.50 .\[  WE GUARANTEE TBIS TO BE NO. 1 BREAD FLOUR.      ]'  Only a Pew Sacks Left.   Order at Once. ..  ������.      We have just received a carload of Shuswap Timothy   ..  Hay.   This hay is fresh and green and equal to Idaho. ^  Our_Poultry Supplies are a revelation.   We welcome your ���������* *  enquiries. ' '���������-.',*,  jcFm Tm Vernon  ' \>  yt   PhMMFilrMittTt^ ?M Inaiwiy Itsl J  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������4  ���������>>.  '.''  l'    *,14       ,  xx���������  y"<> -^ >f  1  1  ,   t -r"CS   "ri  30,000 square feet of factory space where more than 300 machines  and 125 hands are turning out X25 pairs of shoes per day.  Present possible output X000 pairs per day.  *+*i*4*4*4*4*4*4*****4**+4+4+4+4*4*4*4*****4*4*4*4*4+*4*4***4*********4*4*4***********************4***4**f  FEDERAL ASSISTANCE TO CANADIAN FARMERS  FEDERAL ASSISTANCE  TO HORSE BREEDING.  The progress that has been attained in the past in Canadian  horse breeding has been due  largely to individual effort. To  the few who have done so much  for the advancement of the industry etery *; credit is due.  Through the lack, however, of  concerted action and co-operative  measures on a large scale amongst  the breeders, the business has not  progressed as rapidly as could be  desired.  The want of'proper organization, except in the more favored  districts, has prevented the farmers generally from securing the  services of good breeding sires.  In a majority of sections, breeders wishing to grade up their  horses are forced to use whatever enabling such  clubs  to  procure  the services of good breeding  stallions under favorable financial conditions, the assistance in  this direction can best be provided. The encouragement of  community breeding will, naturally, of itself., be productive of  useful results. The payment to  community organizations of a  part of the service fee will, it is(  expected, give a permanent  stimulus to the hiring of the best  stallions that may be procured,  and, at the same time, promote  the development of a comprehensive movement in the interests of this important national  industry.  Stated briefly> the scheme is as  tailed in the collection of his  fees, has frequently little left  from his outlay, particularly in  districts where he has to compete  with grade and scrub stallions  standing for service at a very low  fee. As a result, really high class  stalliohs can be maintained only  in districts where the breeding  of horses has been given serious  and .progressive attention.  In view of these considerations,  the Minister of Agriculture proposes, to enter upon a policy  which may serve to place the  horse breeding industry in Canada in a position comparable to  that which it has attained in  Great Britain and other European -countries. It is believed  that by encouraging the organization of breeders' clubs and by  follows:   The farmers of any dis- over by Bon. Jas. Duff, Minister  trict,  wishing to work, for the ofi Agriculture for Ontario, and  stallions may, by chance, stand  foi* service in their district; Many  of these are faulty in conformation and lack in quality, while  others, though of better type, remain, either through insufficient  patronage or because of failure  to leave colts, but a single season  in each district. The fact also  thai-there has been no systematic  adherence to the use of one breed  suggests another reason for the  lack of progress in the breeding  of high class,animals.  It must be recognized? further,  that the owner of a valuable  horse, after paying for maintenance, insurance, interest on investment    and. the expense en-  betterment of horse breeding by  encouraging the use of sound, individually excellent pure bred  sires, may form a breeders' club  for the purpose of hiring a pure  bred stallion for the benefit of  the members. These breeders'  clubs, by organizing under and  adopting the constitution and bylaws and conforming to the  various rules and regulations  governing this grant, may participate in the ' Federal assistance  given to such clubs. This consists in paying practically 25 per  cent, of the service fees on a  guaranteed number of mares.  The Exception ���������With a view  to encourage the breeding of remounts, the portion paid by the  Live Stock Branch to Clubs hiring  suitable thoroughbred stallions  shall be 40 per cent .on all mares  except thoroughbred. mares.  For the booklet on Federal assistance and all other information  address the Dominion Live Stock  Commissioner, Ottawa, Canada.  PATRIOTISM AND PRO  DUCTION.  The  Duty  and  Opportunity  of  Canadian Farmers.  . The First Agricultural Conference will be held in the Winter  Fair Building, Ottawa, on Wednesday, January 20th, at 1.JW  o'clock.  The conference will be presided  will be addressed by the Hon.  Martin Burrell, Minister of Agriculture for Canada. The discussion will be led by Duncan Anderson* Orillia, Ont., and Robert  Miller, Stouffville, Ont.  The conference is held under  the direction of the Dominion  Department of Agriculture, in cooperation with the Provincial Department of Agriculture, and is  the fiflst of a series which are  being arranged for throughout  Canada, to explain and discuss  conditions in countries where live  stock and agricultural production  will be affected by the war.  Much valuable information has  been collected, with the view of.  presenting to farmers and business men the necessity of extending our agricultural production,  in order, through the development  of our own resources, to take advantage of the opportunity of establishing an extensive export  trade, and, at the same time, to  discharge our. duty to the Empire  by providing a more adequate  supply of foodstuffs for the sustenance of its army and its  people. Farmers are urged to be  present in large numbers to participate in this conference. It is  their privilege as citizens of this  Dominion to render a very effective service to the Mother  Country during the coming year.  What is to be done and how to  do it will be fully discussed at  the Ottawa meeting. \  \  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, January 22, 1915.  IN  THE WAR  THE BURSIL LIBRARY BY-LAW  It is regretable that the South'Vancouver electors did not sufficiently  support the Library Bylaw on Saturday last. .  Libraries and such institutes as the  public spirited men and women 'of  ���������South Vancouver have at great sacrifice been endeavoring vto establish at  Collingwood -grow generally out of  some conspicuous personality upon  whose heart the main, burden of the  institution is laid.  This, it is well known now, has  been essentially the case with the  Bursill Library. Mr. J. Francis Bursill, a septuagenarian, has borne this  load since the start under difficulties  that would have discouraged many a  man in full vigor of life.' Mr. 'Bursill  has had tbe support of a number of  representative men and women from  all over the municipality, and his supporters have been **a������dHy 4fK>wing in  number and in mSL ^Distinguished  and early history ������s "our "Collingwood  Institute to make plain . what the  Bursill Library may grow to when  Vancouver comes into its own.  Then again, objection has been, taken  to the present location, but a sufficient  "reply to this is that the library building Is within' three minutes iralk of  the depot on the interurban, and that  when ' Greater Vaneouver" has been  .built, aa we all believe .it, will be some  flay, the BursilO Library will find  itself in the very centre of the great  ���������city.of twelve, miles square.  The beginnings are small and despised  by many opportunists who can see no  further than the financial stringency  of,the present and to whom the empty  dinner pail bulks as the only factor in  the case, but we are. glead to learn  by the returns that over 1,000 voters  in South Vancouver . are impressed  with the truth that; "man.shall ,not  live by bread alone," and many  amongst the 1,000 have been hard hit  by the present stringency.  We would suggest as a feasible way  out that every one* who voted for the  bylaw should evidence his or her  faith by sending in one dollar as a  subscription to raise the mortgage and  set the library free of debt. We suggested this to but one party and he  said, "Put me down" for.$10."  j,  The Western  Call and any of the  Vancouver dailies will be glad to receive your subscription, and have one  and all very liberally consented 'to  support the movement,  men, and women from all quarters> of  our .province have visited the;; institution and testified to its value, as an  educational and reference library. '  '. It must be borne in mind,that the  library and institute is ia its infancy,  struggling hard for a bare existence,  and that it -is a, pioneer in our province, the' first library to establish  itself from private initiative.  We have only to recall the fact that  i almost all the great libraries of the  world have had just such a beginning  Has not affected the quality  of Printing turned out by  our plant. Our high standard is still maintained, in  spite of the fact that prices  of raw materials have risen  considerably.   *  When Vou place an order  with us you can depend on  having it delivered in the  shortest possible time, consistent with the best of workmanship and accuracy.  Terminal City Press, Ltd.  ao._ Kingsway  Phone Fairmont 1140  WATER NOTICE.  Use and Storage.  rpAKE NOTICE that Joseph Astley,  - whose address is 4423 SlocSn Street,  Vancouver, B. C, will apply for a  license to take and use five cubic feet  per second and to store about '250,000  gallons out of an' unnamed creek ta be  henceforth, known, as Astley Creek,  which flows south-westerly and drains  into the'sea about 1% miles -tfdrth of  the southern point of the. west. coast  of Texada Island, Province of British  Columbia. The storage dam will be  located on or near the north-west  corner of Lot 339, 'Group 1, on the  said Texada Island. 'The capacity of  the reservoir is not yet determined.  The water will be diverted from the  stream at or near the north-west  corner of Lot 339 aforesaid and will  be used for mining, steam, power and  storage purposes upon the land' de-.  scribed as Lot 339 aforesaid and ^else-  where. This notice was posted on the  ground on the 14th day of Decotaber,  1914.v A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto, and to  the Water Act, 1914, will be filed in  the. office of the ,Water Becorder at  Vancouver, B. C. Objections to the  application may be filed with the said  Water Becorder or with the' Comptroller of W&ter Bights, Parliament Build-,  ings, Victoria, B. C., within 30v days  after the first > appearance of this  notice in a local newspaper. The.,date  of the first publication of this notice  is 13th January, 1915.  JOSBPH^ASTLEX,  '"' Applicant.  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������������������������������������������������������������<���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������<������������������������>  . i  * 4- ** ' *���������  Men's Suits and Overcoats  H alf Regu lar Prices  AT THE RED ARROW STORES  Tbis mians  $18.00 Suits and Overcoats for $ 9.00  20.00  25.00  20.00  35.00  ii  ii  ii  ii  it  ii  ii  it  it  a  f  tt  tt  it  tt  tt  it  10.00  12.50  15.00  17.50  These prices do not apply to Suits and Overcoats in the store, but  .they do apply to all broken lines. .-,'���������,.  It will pay you to buy now even for future use.  All garments are marked in plain figures���������you can see just what  you save.  Look for the big Red Arrow sign.      Remember the address.  J. N. HARVEY, LIMITED  .WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  125-127 HASTINGS ST. W. Also 616 YATES ST., VICTORIA.  ****t******4*4*4*4*4*4***4*4*****4*4*4*4*4*4*4*********************************4   , , . .   GOOD FOB THE GIRLS.  At' Vassar~ College the girls lately "took  stock" and found that they were spending for  organized pleasure���������dances, class suppers, tree  ceremonies, and the like���������more than $17,000 a  year. When they learned that the sum would  give fifty-eight girls an income of $6.00 a week  or maintain a number of hospital beds, they resolved to save a good part of the expenditure  and devote it to some work of definite usefulness.  * ������  ___. _. x   A THOUSAND TO ONE!  A Copenhagen despatch informs us that 1,000  Qerman papers have been forced to cease publication owing to the war���������and still tbe Vancouver  Truth holds on! '     ,_  VALUE OF CROPS.  Computed at.average local market prices the  values of the crops in 1914 were as follows i  Wheat $196,418,000, oats $151,811,000, barle.  $21,667,000, rye $1,679,300, peas $4,895,000,  $1,884,300, buckwheat .$6,213,000, mixed  $10,759,400, flax $7,368,000, and corn for ht  $9,808,000. For all field crops, including  and fodder crops, the total value amounts  $639,061,300, as compared with $552,771,500  1913, the increase of $86,289,800 being chi������  due to tbe enhauoeroewt of prioee, whioh  thus more than counterbalanced tbe low yi������  of grain in consequence of tbe drought.  ���������t?**tt*^  ri+4+4+4+4*4*4*4*********************************************************************  ���������GENERAL 40FBRE-MIUTARV aENIUS~-������UT NOT DICTATOR  ,4*4*4,4*4*494*4*4*4+4+4+4+4***********************************************************************  France bas produced in, this war a military  genius who has no. ambition to become a military  dictator. , -  Tbis is an anomaly in the country's history,  but General Joffre is an anomaly' in many respects. He now is the. most interesting personality in Francei the absolute ruler of its inhabitants.  Military law has superseded civil law, and a  state of siege has been'proclaimed throughout the  Un>XJ" Yet this autocratrwhoholds_his' country's-  salvation or destruction in the hollow of his  band, is a simple, kindly, honest gentleman, who'  shuns publicity, popularity, or riches,, giving bis  life and talents in tbe supreme hour of need. If  be lacks the glamour of Napoleon or Bismarck,  his countrymen bave invested'him with a rare  measure of confidence and affection.   -  Joseph Joffre���������he has but one Christian name  ���������is in his sixty-third year, having been born on  January 12,1852, in the little town of Rivesaftes,  in the, Pepartment of the Eastern Pyrenee. close  tottbe Spanish frontier.  His father belonged to the police force and  served soine years as a gendarme. Joffre's -$&r-  spnality is known through picture postcards and  illustrated papers, but none of bis portraits does  him. justice. He, is one of those who. "take"  badly. His1 strong point���������presence���������cannot be  adequately conveyed by the camera. Simplicity  and~ straightforwardness :of,manner-are-what -  strike one most when meeting him for the first  time.       X  Picture a man somewhat above the average  height���������he stands five feet nine and a half, inches  in his stockings���������of great width of shoulder,  deep-chested, and as straight as a dart. He^is  free of all movement or gesture suggestive of set  military training, yet he moves with an alertness  which bespeaks a nature given to decisive action.  He has an odd habit of jerking forward, ever so  slightly, the left elbow when "making a point"  in argument.  ' His physiognomy when in repose is almost  tbat of a child. A broad forehead, eyes which  seem sometimes blue, sometimes hazel, looking  through you as be quietly waits to hear you out.  A strong mouth with rather large lips overhung  with a busy moustache ;now fairly white. A  deep dimple overshadowed by a firm chin; ears  smail-and lying -'close-to- the-head* a-sjinburnt  complexion still wonderfully fresh; the whole  face singularly free from deep lines for a man of  bis age and strenuous life, white hair thick over  his massive browT head erect.on a short, thickset neck; eyebrows bushy and prominent; the  face almost a perfect oval. The expression is  that of a man who carries out everything on the  famous Latin precept, "Gentle in manner, strong  in action." -      ^  Last, but not least���������Joffre tufns the scale atl  182 pounds.  His muscles are as firm as those of  an athlete; his capacity for physical exercise  tbat of a man twenty years younger.  By nature he is reserved. ; He will sit foi  hours without speaking, and when be does tall  it is in a voice low and' slow. Only in tbe m\  timaey of the modest little "hotel" in the Jtow  Michel-Ange at Passy, where be has lived mahj  years with his wife and her three children. tb4  offspring of. her first and long-ago divorcer'  husband, does he unbend.  His features express thought rather than th������  habit of command, but their chief charm is that  they "distinctly tell you the General is a man o^j  heart.   Indeed, those who know him well hole  that to this quality of heart is indirectly due th������  slowness of the military operations in Northern!  France.    Unlike    Emperor William    and    bis|  myrmidon generals, Joffre shrinks from useless!)  sacrificing soldiers'_ lives, hence   the  defensive]  and cautious character of the trench war he is  still tenaciously and patiently carrying on.  **4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4***********************************************t*,*****i*'*,*'**** + ******+'+'+*+4+i+*^  THE INDIVIDUAL DELINQUENT  3Y DR. WILLIAM hEALY  r*j4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4**94*i4*4*<**************************j*****^  The City of Chicago has been conducting a  series of experiments in three great laboratories  that are connected*" with the Juvenile Court,  under the direction of Dr. William Healy, with  the psycopathic laboratory of- the Municipal  Court, with Dr. Hickson at its head, and the  /child study department of the public school  system, in charge of Dr. McMillan. The object  is the study of the causes of _ crime and delinquency in both adults and children, and the  discovery of remedies and proper methods of  handling individual cases.  It has to do not only with real delinquents  and law breakers, but with children who are  backward in their studies and inclined to play  truant.  Dr. Healy has brought out a book entitled  "The Individual Delinquent," that gives the  most important results of the vast amount of research work which has been done in the last few  years.  It is the first text and reference book on the  subject ever published in any language.    It is  intended for study and use by judges and court  officials, the heads of reformatories and penal  institutions, psychologists, physicians, religious  leaders, school teachers and parents.  During the last five years thousands of  juvenile delinquents or petty criminals have  passed under. Dr. Healy's expert hands. Of 1,000  of these cases he has made a most careful and  intensive study. Some of the conclusions he  reaches are in radical difference with those of  other authorities. s  Dr. Healy's first conclusion is the absolute  necessity of detailed study of each individual  case. He decries the idea of grouping all delinquents into a few clearly defined classes. He  doubts if any set theory of crime can ever be  successfully maintained^ He laughs at the often  made statement'that "crime is a disease."  In spite of the present tendency to turn penal  institutions into simple and more or less pleasant  reformatory institutions, Dr. Healy finds, as a  result of all his first hand investigations, that  punishment is still necessary.  i  "Our studies do not show any desirability of  eliminating punishment as such," he says, "nor  do they prove in any way that punishment of  ofienders is not a deterrent to some who might  otherwise commit crime. ... It certainly  is the sincere opinion of many offenders that if  punishment were more swiftly and surely carried  out its deterrant effect would be commensurably  greater. .... Observation" of the effects  of simple rewards and disciplines in modifying  the conduct of many of the actually insane or  feeble minded leaves no room for doubt that even  in these cases the apprehension of future discomfort is often a deterrant of misbehavior.  Reformation as the sole basis of penal  system is an untenable principle."  Some rather startling results are found by  Dr. Healy in his study of 1,000 cases of young  people, who repeatedly have been brought before  the Juvenile Court. He does not find, for instance, that poverty on the part of the family is  a very large factor in causing delinquency ol  the child.  Most significant of. all, in view of the present^  day tendency of many psychologists^ to classify  a majority of criminals as mental defectives,'  the finding of Dr. Healy, made after exhaustive  study, that 581 of the.l>000 criminals he studiec  had fair or better native mental ability, a con.]  siderable number in fact having a native mentaf  equipment above the average.  Of the subnormal mentally he found' but 247i]  including 89 morons and only eight imbeciles.  And of the so-called "moral imbecile ��������� the  person congentially  unable  to  tell  right  froi  wrong, but otherwise   normal ��������� he   has   never  been able to discover a single case.  Incidentally he adds his testimony to that of  other scientists as to the evil effects of alcohol  on the social and individual life.  "If we could with one blow do away with the|  use of alcohol the number of annual conviction^  would be reduced by one-fifth.  J*:^- ������������������  tmmmt-i


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