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The Western Call 1915-01-29

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 Ii .v ���������* ���������  "* **  '       ,,^-^,-n  .. -if  *n  V,;  r          ^jXjC  ''  f  '������   "<.%XX*  ^vxx -  ���������             -           1  I"   t      4      1  * * fX/X;  i.  '-������     ���������>">-  V  * '  f -x X  '  * <.  r         f        r_   J  *���������  ���������V                                 ������     ..  '  -   '   ' ��������������� X  1       ' ..      <"    4.  w  r  X- v  *J  *���������  .I'v-y  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  Volume VI.  VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, JANUARY 29, 1915.  5 Cents Per Copy.  No..38.  Strong Appeal in Aid of The Bursill Library  -v  r  Billy Sunday, The Famous Evangelist and Our Vancouver Religious Leaders���������See Editorial, Page Four  <^s/ ���������    ��������� -      ''-''']' , -f  What #*M Become of The House of Judah in This War and After?  ^  - .J<  X  THE WAR  X  \  The splendid  victory of Vice-Admiral  Sir  '���������David Beatty and the thirst Cruiser Squadron  over the enemy In the North Sea is of course the  ^all-absorbing topic of the week.  Sunday saw the first real test of modern sea  i fighting power with all its accompanying equipments. The two fleets were more evenly  i matched than anything that has yet met and  fought, and the "moral'' is decidedly with us as  J>well as the physical victory.  It must have been a scene of intense, excite-  [ment on board the destroyers when the Admiral's signal came, "Chase the enemy and report their movements."  Fancy these floating steel demons of speed  Icutting the waves at forty miles an hour with  Jthe roar of. their turbines and" the rattle of the  [wireless sending back to the, main fleet the  {record of the enemy's movements, and all around  [them the crash and splash of the German shells.  No details as to position i are given us, but  |the rumor seems to have gore out that the at-  (tack was to have been made on Newcastle, and  [that the German fleet when discovered was some '  ^thirty miles off England's shore. The distance  ifrom Newcastle to Hamburg is 420 miles, and  [from point of discovery to the e^dge of the  "mined and submarine zone" say about 300  [miles, or a ten hour running fight at thirty  [miles an hpur. In other Words, the fight lasted  ifrom dawn to dark. And every deadly weapon  hnan's brajn has been able to conceive brought  to bear upon the conflict. Battle cruisers, ar-  Ivniored cruisers,4ight cruisers,- torpedo boats, de-  Utrbyers,* submarines, floating mines, aeroplanes  land Zeppelins all engaged in' tbis desperate  Lbattle. of Titans. ,,-     - ,  The result of. this sea-fight seems to bave re-  rassured Britannia���������if she had any need of it���������  _tbat the boys in blue still rule the waves.  The serious diminution of Germany's cruiser  Pelass renders the casual "baby-killing" raid  [improbable from now on, and leaves little to be  I expected now in the way of .sea fight ,until Ad-  tltniral von Tirpitz decides to risk all in a fight  rith capital ships.  Russia makes steady headway in Poland and  [Bukovina, holding on witb the hug of a bear at  >ther points and having   apparently   put the  Turkish attacking force in the Caucasus clean  )ut of business for the moment.  The Allies in the west hold their, ground with  n ever-gaining strength of numbers and equip-  lent.  Reports are again current tbat a great  Turkish army of 120,000, led by German-officers,-  s on the march to attack the Suez Canal and  [Egypt. With the Turkish army in the Caucasus  so thoroughly beaten and the command of the  Hack Sea gone and the Dardanelles absolutely  ^blockaded, it looks like a dangerous undertaking,  Lbut the counsel of. desperation may prevail, and,  /certainly should the Teutonic-Turko alliance  | wrest the control of the Suez Canal and Egypt  ifrom Britain's hands it would be a body blow to  pthe Allies and tend to prolong the war indefinitely. We know very little as to the dis-  losition of British troops and war vessels at this  [point, but we feel sure that abundant provision  lhas been madefor all possible contingencies at  phis vital position in our world-wide Empire.  Italy, however, is growing restive over re- -  )orts of this attack and any semblance of sue-  Icess to the Turks here Would probably precipitate  laer action .against the common enemy.  Holland also is reported as "on the brink"  ind although no one seems to know which way  the will jump-r-the presumption is that she will  join the Allies, as that way her full liberty lies.  The diplomatic "situation" evoked over the  M right of search "between tbe"*United States and  Jritain is by no means cleared as yet and may  iny day precipitate a very serious crisis.    The  sentiment of friendliness in Great Britain and  throughout the Empire has received a decided  .Shock at the amazing turpitude of the United  States diplomacy in neglecting to protest against  jthe contravention of international law by Ger-  lany where her honor was involved and quickly  protesting against any possible infraction of. international law where her dollars merely were  [involved, and this notoriously against the advice  >f; her foremost authorities on the question.  - Just how much of this kind of, thing Britain  ind her Allies will stand may be tested1 before  mother'week'is. out.   Meantime we may caution  Jncle Sam-that she is playing on her cousinly  relationship���������to the limit,     r  Australia has decided to enroll a rifle reserve  >f 1,000,000 men, and something of this sort is  lue here in Canada, indeed, past due.  Lloyd George has signed up the documents  anting'a $25,000,000 loan to Roumania,  and  [the money, will-be paid into the Bank of Rou-  (ConfcinuedVoa Page Eight)     . _.'".'  *4***********4*4*4***4������4*4>'*4*4*4*4****A4*4**4*4*+*3f.A>4*+*4*4*+*4*4*4*+******t+**A  :; APPEAL FOR THE fcURSILL LIBRARY I  ', y   l i������ .���������' x;" x      '���������  ****A4A**4*4*4t4*4*****H************************** ������������������������������������������������������������������>���������>���������>���������������������������<������������������������>���������>���������>������������������������������������������������������  ooiAnr������wooB nwrnvva  ..  a\M& ������������������ "inriMFTTrTr" TtfWWftWT  OoWmprood Vast, South Tmwmw.  Movement, to save the building:, fjrom-  "foreclosure"���������the contents from dle-  p_rsion���������and to preserve the Institute���������on a sound basis���������for the benefit of Greater Vancouver. L,  AN APPEAL TO PUBUC SPIRIT-  Collingwood is a working class community in Ward I, South Vancouver.  In this ward there are nearly two  thousand on the voters' list���������which indicates a large population. Such a  population needs a social hall, a place  for lectures, entertainments and public  meetings���������in fact an institute and  library. This need was supplied by  Mr. J. -Francis Bursill, F.R. Hist. S.,  better known as "Felix Penne," the  popular writer, who, with the aid of  friends, built "The Collingwood Institute and 'Bursill' Library." For  three years this institute has been doing good work, but work which has  been hampered and crippled by a debt  which most now be paid off if theN institute is to continue to exist. Relieved  from this debt it' will have an ever  Improving career of usefulness. The  founder of the -Institute has furnished  (t with piano; seats and a valuable ^col^  lection,of books and pictures���������which  reoresents the "collection" of a lifetime���������the collection of an enthusiast  and an expert. Owing to the death of  th* gentleman who lent flSOO to complete the building, the mortgage has  been called In���������and unless the sum of  |1.600 Is quickly raised���������foreclosure  and sale will follow���������and the people  of 8outh Vancouver���������Vancouver���������the  Province���������will lose a library which is  a valuable possession for the community at large.  The necessary money should bt  Quickly subscribed to put 8outh Vancouver ln line with municipalities  whieh have a reputation for progress,  education and right ambitions.  By raising the sum of $1,500 an al-  r*ady existing institution will be free  of debt���������for the use of the people for  all time.  If it were onlv a building with an  ample lecture hall, to seat 300, it  would be worth saving, for the build  ing and tha lot on which, it stands coat  more than Jdouble.the^sum named, but  'the institute lias already la reputation  as "The Athens of South Vancouver,"  as It houses a collection1' of books And  pictures unique, in Sanada-      >  So valued and mitfrnetle is this institute that it has attracted, the most  Intellectual and leantWjjeople. in., the.  province and'the CoUitf$*o*>fe'-~TnBtlttite  Platform has been occupied by some of  the finest lecturers^ ever heard in Vancouver  The collection of books���������some >,50Q  ���������Is unique and It, includes a "special  collection" on Social." Science, Work,  Wages, Municipal Government, such as  could not be got together without an  Expenditure of many hundred of dollars and years of work. To disperse  this collection would be' an act of  vandalism���������indeed, a calamity.  The library contains also many oil  paintings by such artists as Catter-  mole, Mower-Martin, Cruickshank, and  others of world-wide fame, and also  a remarkably Interesting "Dickens"  collection.  There Is a piano, all the cutlery, etc..  nocessary for social gatherings and the  institute has been a centre of wh't  Matthew Arnold called "sweetness and  light" for a large population.  - A~stereopticart lantern and 1000 slides  are valuable for lectures.  It should he remembered that in addition to what J. Francis Bursll has  given, that f2,500 of public money  (voluntary contributions) have gone  Into the building of the institute; that  the valuable and unique collection Is  given by the founder, who has himself  supported the institution for over three  years, given gratia his time to tt, and  now only suggests a public subscription because the death of the gentleman who had lent money on the building has caused the loan to be called In.  If the small sum ' $1,600, to make the  Institute free for ever, is not forthcoming, the buldlng and contents,  worth oyer $7,000, will be, lost. '  And the Collingwood Institute has a  greatly growing value. The librarian  Is an asset to the community. Already he has induced the governments,  at Victoria and Ottawa to send to Collingwood-copies of government reports,  blue books, maps, etc.    This collection  will give South', Vancouver a/.unique  position. Already. >wing to the per-,  sonallty of the* librarian, publishers  and others send' books, high class lee-  "turers and ~ first', rate musicians offer  their services. -������phe hall la used for  drill by the Volunteer Reserve, a local  choir practices ��������� there, and altogethe-  Coiuugntpba Ms, .an institute which it  is proud"*'of founding and "which all;  Greater Vancouver should keep. The  ���������um needed is insignificant, in view o'  what It will secure. The Institute car  be self-supporting, when the incubus  of debt is removeoV-'  It will he to the credit of Vancouver  if it shows an appreciation of jpublic  spirit an* acts, up >o;that appreciation  by extinguishing 'this debt Many  friends of the institute have liberally  subscribed���������in the past; that money'  has gone in interest,- furniture and current expenses.  A strong committee has been formed  to raise this sum of money���������$1,600.  The institute Is already in trust as a  public institution.  Treasurer���������Mn Alfred Shaw, chartered, accountant, 543 Granville Street.  Committee���������Mr. J. W. Weart, 610  Hastings Street West;. Mr. Eugene  Cleveland, Cclllngwood East; Mr. Merton  Smith, "Western Call'; Mr. George Mur-_  ray, "Chinook"; Mr. W. H._ Kent. Collingwood East; Mr. Donald Downie, 718  Granville Street Vancouver, B. C; Mr  Alfred Buckley, M.A., North Vancouver.  Hon. secretary���������Mr. Noel Robinson,  543 Granville Street, Vancouver. B. C.  Fill this up���������sign It and send to Mr.  Alfred Shaw, 643 Granville Street:  I enclose $  to the fund for  extinguishing tha debt on the Collingwood Institute and Library.  Name  . Address' ... ...v.*. ���������   . Subscriptions received also by "The  News-Advertiser." "Ths Province."  "The Western Call," "The Chinook," or  any,member of the committee.     '  TO  ********************** k*** *********************** 4*4*4*4*********4*4*4**********^*  "Everybody's doin' it." The motor mania  seems to have struck the town afresh and those  of us who have not hitherto been able to luxuriate in a motor car have our chance of getting  back at the financial magnates or otherwise that  have until recently monopolized the automobile.  ,And now for a nimble nickel everybody is "joy  riding."::  "Will it last?" This is the question on  everybody's lips, and most people seem to think  that the "jitney" is here to stay.  If so, then certainly our Council must get  busy, for this, like all other traffic of public  Carriers, must be duly and carefully regulated.  The three main points that seem" now..to. be  running in the public mind-are:  First: The regulation of the traffic so that  routes and perhaps hours of traffic be well defined. The overcrowding of jitneys will tend to  the congestion of traffic and also to the neglect  of other routes thVt ^ay ^pt^^H&o well but  that deserve and desir??such aenriee.  Second: The overcrowding of.cars. This is  a matter that the Council has sadly neglected in  days, past, and we have ;of ten had \ occasion to  expostulate at the shocking overcrowding of  street cars that has taken place at rush hours  and' days of celebration or sport, but this-, overcrowding of. street cars has of recent years been  considerably abated and now that the overcrowding of jitney busses has brought a new  and Very grave danger to life in our city, this  question of overcrowding public Vehicles must be  taken up at once and drastically dealt with. It  will be a good thing for our city if this question  now being so vigorously brought to the front, is  definitely settled once for all. It has always  seemed preposterous V to us that our weary  workers, after a hard day's toil, should be  'mulcted put of their nickel and compelled to  stand in a most fatiguing posture, all to swell  the dividends of the street ear company or the  XXV    <Continued on Page Eight)  THE HOUSE Of JUDAH;  ���������  ' The Jewish problem is being rapidly brought  to the front by the present war, and no solution  that does not take the Jewish people, now so  terribly scattered and peeled, into Recount will  be satisfactory.  Millions of Jews in Poland and' Galicia are  rendered homeless and hopeless by tbe tide of  <  war that has for the past six months swept backwards and forwards over these provinces.  We hear little of the conditions there in our  daily press, but they are reported worte, much'  worse, even than those in Belgium.'  Then again, the Turks, defeated'by the Russians, have turned with,desperation upon bath*  Christians and Jews in Palestine, .and are reported to have destroyed, root and branch, the  agricultural colonies that have been established ;  by Jewish and Christian philanthropy at the cost  of many million dollars during the last quarter  of a century.  The homeless Jews of Palestine, mostly of  Russian origin, are making their way, as their,  fathers did of. old, to Egypt by the thousands,  hoping still to find "corn in Egypt.".  .   The number of homeless Palestinian Jews is  reported at about 88,000, and there is little doubt '  that this entire company, or at least those that '  escape alive, will have to be provided-for'in '  Egypt.' v X .  f That this will tax the Egyptian administration is certain, but the Jews under the British  or American fl*t������ **6 a universal success, and,  with the exception o& those who adopt the business of usurers, are an unqualified blessing in  tbe land, when rightly treated and welcomed. //  The Jews are one of the most talented nations  and come quickl/ tj������'gift front in almost evei^-  calling to which tbey apply themselves. Originally they were a shepherd and agricultural.  people, but bave been driven off tbe land and  into the citiy professions and the business of  money Tending by the unjust oppression of the  peoples amongst whom they have lived.  The settling of JOO.000 Jews in the J_and of  Goshen, if for only a temporary stay, will bring  a great quickening of life to Egypt, and perhaps  prepare the way for the establishment of a  Jewish state in Palestine when Turkey has been  finally ousted there.  Had we any mission to give Judah advice, it  would be against the establishment of a Jewish  state in Palestine and the devoting of all their  energies to the bringing of the Jewish people  under the British flag, for it is in this way tbat  the old Mosaic blessing wiH come to her and not  in a separate national identity.  --Britain has, long-ago,-overcome the useless ~  prejudice against the Jews and has in many instances been greatly benefitted by the sons of  Judah, who bave now become an integral part of  her population.  Perhaps the most notable instance of. this was  Disraeli, whose vision as the seer of the British  Empire laid a foundation for a policy that will,  we firmly believe, eventuate in the federation of  the English-speaking people and their subject  races with a great _ Federated Parliament at  Cairo or Jerusalem of nearly one-half of the  human race.  (Continued on Page Four)   X-   BOOM THAT WIU. STAGGER U. 8. A. TH  mSXT NINETY PAW.  #'4  vx-  ��������� j/  *4       -1     .  -  ���������V'X<\  E. S. Jordan, sales manager of the Thomas  B. Jeffery; Company, predicts that within the  next ninety days twenty-five thousand million  dollars ($25,000,000,000) in new business will be  staggering every line of industry in the United  States, and that in ninety days more this figure  will have doubled. X  This prediction is based on a multiplicity of  causes which, combined, give the prophet hope.  First among the reasons given is the marvelous harvest of last year, altogether the  greatest the U. S. has ever known, and now  prices are unprecedentedly high and demand  knows no end.  Next comes the fact, quite undeniable, that  there will be practically no European travel this  year, and this means that one thousand million  dollars spent abroad on holidaying will be spent  at home and very largely on the Pacific Coast  this year.  This means a great year for the railroads,  first because of tremendous crop movements, and  second, because of the unparallelled passenger  traffic. Orders- that have long been withheld  for railroad equipment, rolling and fixed, will  pour into mills and shops from every quarter and  give the basic industry of the country a start  that will keep three shift? a day going.  / Last of all, the world wide.war.' Billjons of  dollars are being appropriated for war .expenditures, covering clothing, food, ammunition,  metals, horses, motor vehicles, and every other  (Continued on Page Eight)  ?-tS?fr." ���������-���������?������-":?r.-y^i^f&feSKl^a������iT; ������������������- THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, January 29, 1915.  Mount Pleasant  Dry Goods House  Ladies' winter coats $5.00  Values to $30.00.  3 only fine tailored suits,  navy serge, heavy satin  lined, reg. $35.00. to  clear $20.00  $25.00 suits $10,00  Fancy suits, each ... $5.00  Reg.* to $30.00.  Children's coats clearing  at $2.50 and $3.50  Values to $12.50, ;  FURS  Some very, new lines left  over, but they must go,  all at Half Price.  *+*+*****4*4*+*4*4*4*4*4*4**4*4*4*4*4*4*+4*4*************4**********************  '   SNIDER BROS. & BRETH0UR, CONTRACTORS  I  ��������� - T  ;������������������������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������* ���������������<������������������������������������������������������������*��������������� *������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  j___  >������i������>������>������>������<������>������>������>������������<mii<������>������������������������>������������������><i������������������������������t>������������������i������ ******  Many lines in every de-  , partment being cleared  at Bargain Prices.  Watch our windows.  . Come in and, loot. No  need to buy unless you  wish.  Cor. Main & 8th Ave.  A few tans  .' Why you should buy at ;,  independent I;  Prwg Store-  Cor. 7th & Main  J I���������We are close to your ^  home.  J 2���������We bave as big a  stock as any other  Prug Store jn Van-  }    couver.  -1-3���������We have two expert  Prescription druggists.  4���������You can phone your  wants ana obtain the .'  goods. ' .'  I Marret & Reid \ \  ������'   P9hhh* frntrmont 999  Phone Seymour 9086  ������^s'^aX  Q Even the careful, the  prudent, have been ever  ready to risk their savings  in all sorts of doubtful  ways, financing all kinds of  schemes in the hope of great  returns. It is our business  that nothing entrusted to  us goes to loss ��������� to make a  dollar and four cents or  more grow in safety where  but a dollar grew before.  ���������4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4**}',*********************  ... 1   COAL   | V  t t  L    ********^4*4*********k****4*******4*4*4*****4*4*   ������  You can prove the actual saving in cash if you  will try one ton of our Old Wellington Coal. This  coal will reduce your fuel bill without reducing the  heat.  LUMP   -      -      -' .- $7.00  NUT      --- - $5.50 \  PEA               -       - - $4.00  SLACK - $3.50  BRIQUETTES - $6.50  f  WOOD���������Choicest Dry Fir Cordwood $3.00 per load.  \*  ^    _    ^-^^mm������m*A*mtmVtm������m*������tM*m*4**������**4*4*     T  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, Ltd. |  Seymour 5408-5409.      x  ***,***,***,*****,********,.*********,***.***.********  The* New Detention Building, Vancouver..  The new Immigration Building, which completed, will cost well on to $300,000; is now  under construction hy the well known Vancouver firm of contractors, Messrs., Snider Bros, and  Brethour. All the partners of this company are Native Sons and have already erected in Victoria  and Vancouver probably the largest number of buildings of any contracting firm in the c6untry.  *+***************4*+*4*+*+**4*4*******4*4*4*4*4*** ******************************  *     '*  POULTRY 'NOTES'  ..  4*  < i  4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4+4+4+4+**4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4***4*k4*4*4*4*4*-4*4*4*4*4t******-  Points to Remember When Building Up a Business.  stale, "or candled. Candling, how  ever* requires some1 experience,  and it is a better ,plan to market  onlythose eggs which are known  ta be fresh. Puring warm  weather delivery should be made  once per week, as eggs soon lose  their agreeable flavor, particularly when fertile and suitable for  hatching. In fact, when hens are  't\kept merely to produce market  eggs it is better not to keep  cocks with them, because they  lay. at least as well when the  cocks are not present; the cost of  keeping the cocks is avoided; and  the eggs will retain their flavor  longer than if fertilized.  Cleanliness.  It is the practice of many egg  farms to wash all eggs before  packing them for shipment. For  this purpose lukewarm, water is  ITEMS IN EGO PRODUCTION. [ ments to study the effect upon  the flavor^ of eggs of feeding different foods and flavoring materials. The grains fed either  alone or in combination for this  Fora fancy private trade the i P������rP������������e ^J** corn, wheat,  eggs should beYathered-daily All1���������*������������*Z^^%^  eggs found-in stolen nests whose \ soy,b "' Pe*?uts ?nd su^������p^f  freshness is in doubt should be 8eedf The flavoring materials  used either, for cooking as in that I W-yred were celery oil oil of  case they can be throw away if j^safras, and tnmethylamine.  ���������^ '     ' Beef scrap was fed to balance  the ration except in one case  where smoked herrings were  used. The green food consisted  of' sugar beets. >  Contrary to expectations the  flavor of. the eggs was not noticeably altered by any of the  rations- or flavoring materials  employed, although it has been  shown at the North Carolina Station tbat the feeding of onions  imparts a Very different flavor.  (See Farmers' Bulletin No. 122,  pps. 25 and 26.)( The different  rations, however, very clearly affected" the color--of the-yolks.  When the grain.ration consisted  of wheat, oats, or white corn, fed  either alone or iri combination  with each other, the yolks were  so light colored as to be quite  unsuitable for a fancy private  trade.    When the    grain    con-  holding from six to thirty dozen,  to suit the requirements of the  purchaser. They may be used  when delivery is made-from a  wagon, orthe eggs may be,placed  in paper boxes made for this  purpose. In the latter case the  egg boxes are picked up when  the next deliv/ery is made..  ���������   ������   t  TUB RHODE ISLAND RED.  o  DEBENTURES  SEALED  SECURITY  is essential to safe investment.  Our Debentures guarantee a  a return of 5#���������are negotiable  ���������are secured by $7,480,339  Assets.  4% on Savings Deposits. Subject to cheque  withdrawal. . Interest compounded quarter-  yearly. ' A  The Great West Permanent Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg., Ground Floor  R. J. POTTS, Manager.  HOUSEHOLD GOODS an, OFFICE FURNITURE  used,*and after washing the eggs) sifted entirely of white corn the  are laid on a clean white cloth,  where they, quickly .dry off.  Washing takes but little time,  and when one is trying to build  up "a fancy private trade, should  always be done, as it adds so  much to the attractiveness of the  eggs.:'  Color of Shell.  The color of the shells of hen  eggs is a breed characteristic and  varies through the intermediate  shades from white to dark brown.  Tlie color of the shells of the eggs  produced by a few of our well  known breeds is as follows:  White shelled���������Leghorn, Minor-  cas, Andulusian.       X  Brown shelled���������Plymouth Rock,  Wyandotte, Brahma, Langshan,  Orpington, Cochins.  Experiments have shown that  there is no difference in the food  value of. white and brown shelled  eggs. In some markets, .however,  the color of the shells influences  the price, for example, the New  York City market requires a  white egg, and eggs of this color  usually bring two or three cents  per dozen more than brown eggs.  On the other hand,.. in. Boston,  brown eggs are at. a premium.  In most markets little attention  is paid to color, provided that the j  eggs in each crate are all of" the  same color.  Color of the Yolk.  During the winter of 1902 and  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  122 Hastings St., W.  ���������^ j^-uxii-g KU4^ 4i4u������>4 ui j../vm auu i auu   vvuc   cue   uiuct   convenient.  Mckay   Station   Burnaby 1003  I   conducted  some   experi- They are male in several sizes,  - rX X'     " ���������       ���������  yolks were very light colored  while on the other hand, the feed  ing of yellow corn imparted to  the yolks that rich yellow color  which is so desirable. The practical lesson derived from this experiment is to the effect, that a  certain  amount of yellow  corn  I should always be used in a ration  'for egg production.  Marketing.  Only a few years ago practically all of the -eggs consumed  were marketed close to the source  of production:- At the present  timeii r however, due to, the im-  proved transportation facilities  and the establishment of; .cold  storage warehouses, eggs are  shipped long distances, and are  becoming : quite an -. important  item in the commerce of the  country. The cold storage houses  are an important factor in equalizing the price Of. eggs throughout the year, as the cold storage  people bid against each other in  the spring when eggs are low,  thus raising the price, and then  unload their supplies on the mar^  ket whenever they can do so at  a. profit. 'J  Eggs are handled commercially  in cases holding 30. dozen, the  eggs being protected from breaking by means of which a compartment is provided for each  egg. For a private trade, cases  fitted with trays made of wood  and  wire  are  more  convenient.  How This Valuable Breed Was  Developed.  Few new varieties or breeds  have enjoyed a more quickly  gained reputation than the Rhode  Island Reds. They have, been introduced'to the public by utility  men,who claim for them all the  requirements that go to make the  general purpose fowl.  The Rhode island Reds have  been developed in the Fall River  region of Rhode Island. According to some notes on the origin  of -this breed published in the  Report of the Rhode Island Experiment Station for 1901, William Tripp and John Macoraber  crossed Brahma or Cochin China  pullets with a Chitagong or Malay  cock. "The result proved so satisfactory to both Mr. Macomber  and my father that they both  kept the strain for their own use  for about five years, but kept  picking out the \best looking pullets and cockerels that they both  raised and exchanged cocks until  they came up to the present  standard. Oh the start, it. \vas  the intention to get the best  layers and what would dress off  as the best lopking fowls for the.  market." Thus from the start  this breed has been developed  along utility lines, and it is not  at all surprising that they have  sprung into popular favor so  rapidly.? In addition to the original cross, there has been introduced blood from "several other  breeds; Game; Brown Leghorn,  Dominique, Plymouth Rock and  Wyandotte, so vthat the breed as  it stands today lacks uniformity  both in respect to form and color  of plumage. Some strains are  rapidly approaching a fixed  type, however, and the single  comb variety %as recently been  admitted to the Standard.  As winter layers they are unexcelled, -and they are sure, to  remain very popular on that account, and in summer they make  excellent "mothers." The chickens are very hardy, grow quickly  to marketable ��������� size, have plump  breasts, and make good broilers.  The cocks weigh about eight  pounds, the cockerels seven, the  hens six and a half, and the pullets five and a half. The cocks  should be of a deep, rich, red  (Continued on Page Three)  ^YClitAI*������ST    ROUTE-.   OYER  THE    fc IN TINE   Wi.u<U)  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE SHIPPING  _ PHONE SEYMOUR 736ft '   ��������� OrFICE 857 MATTY ST. ���������  IS  (   Phone Sey. 1076-1077  Coal-Fire Wood  J.' HANBURY 6rCO=, I.TP-  Qar. 41b Swenue ������m������# OrenvHIe 91.  Wellington Coal, Cordwood and Plainer Ends  o������~  The Comfort  Baby's  Morning Dip  ������ riOODNESS  VJ KNOWS,"  says the Comfort  Baby's Grandmother; '^what  we'd do Without  this Perfection  Smokeless Oil  Heateix  "If W only had one  when you were a  kahy, you'd have been aaved many a cold and  croupy spell." ; .    XX"-; V  For wanning: cold corners and isolated upstairs rooms, and  for countless special occasions when extra heat is wanted,.  . you need the Perfection Smokeless Oil Heater.  PERE  SMOKELE  HEATERS  The Perfection is light, portable, Inexpensive  to bay and tb use, easy to clean and, to re-  wick. . No kindling; no ashes. Smokeless  and odorless.'' At all hardware and general  stores.  Look for the Triangle trademark.  ���������'"'    MadalaCaaaJa  ROYALITE OIL is best for all uses  THE IMPERIAL OIL CO., Limited  ^jl^jhig^-SlS^^'j ' ���������?" X  , ;X;fi  W   *������_   .!,il-t'  :  4 ,*.*���������      '  VcX;^,*-  Friday, January 29, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  8  For Sale and  For Rent  Cards  10c each 3 for 25c  WESTERN CALL OFFICE, 203 Kiogsway  A.DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Before emptorfoff a Private Detective, if you don't  know your man, ask your  legal adviser.  JOHNSTON, tbe Secret  Service lat-IUKeace Bureau. Suite 103-4  319 feeder St., W.  Vaacoaver, B. C  Try Our Printing:  Quality Second  to None  t^^ee^s^fre^ee^^^^^fr^^freSMgta^ee ���������{s^������4^ea{^������t{^������^sjs^������^s^ss^wii^s^^s^>^e^s^>s^s^w^ss^>}i ���������������������  ..   A. E. Harron  Ji A. Harron  6. M. Williamson  T  HARRON BROS.  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS  VANCOUVER ,    . NORTH VANCOUVER  Office A Chapel-1084 Granville St.      Office & Chapel���������122 Sixth St W.  Phone Seymour 8488 Phone 184  ������������������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ��������������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ��������������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ��������������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������{��������� -1' -t' ���������!��������� ���������!��������� <��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ��������� -t-������ ��������� ���������>���������������' ������3"t- <��������� ���������!��������� ���������> ��������������������� 't- ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ������������������������ ���������!��������� ��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� <��������� ��������������� ��������������� ���������?��������� <��������� ��������������� ���������>^>������>  JOS. H. BOWMAN  ARCHITECT  ��������� i      i  X  910-11 Yorkshire Building  Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C. |  '  ,<$^.$M$^M^^������4SM^������4$M{MgM{.^M{M^������{M{M{.4M$M}M{M^a|M^  >������������������������������������������^������������������������������������������������������i���������������������������^���������^MB  ^^^W^}w{MJ^M|MJMJ^*..JMJMJ^4J������}..|..JMJM^4JMJM^My'    ^J44*,J^,^# V*t**I**M*'J*,4*,J"WM5M5*^,*J~lM5,*t',������*'.,*I*  Igas fires  4$  *  ::  : >< >  $1.00 DOWN AND $1.00 PER MONTH  Gas Pirea do everything in the line of heating, which can be secured,  with any open grate fire, and with the following advantages:  CLEANLINESS���������No dust, dirt or trouble in laying or maintaining the'  fire, removing ashes etc.  CONVENIENCE���������A twist of the wrist, and a scratch of a match, starts  the Are in operation.    It may be turned off u simply wh-?n the desired temperature is reached. k������  COWPORT���������The fire Is perfectly regulated, thus avoiding the extremes  ' incident with .the old fashioned grate.  ECONOMY���������The fireta ready for instant use, night or day.   It gives  , heat as soon as lighted, and ������U the fuel consumption stops as soon  as It is turned off.  .See tfet<e Qis fires lid mnjce enqnriei concerning the Equipments at:  :: Vancouver Qag Co,      Manitoba Hardware Co.  Cerrsll * Hs*tlog������ Sts. 17(4 Comroercliil Drive  *       N II3������ Clmnvllle St., Nor Pnvle. |  <[ McCaUwm e\ Sons Gordon Brown & Co. 'i  34IS ItWn Street -        9091 Qrsovllle Street  4 ������4"t"{"l"I"}"|"l"|"t"|"|"|"|"|"|"|"l"?"{"l"l"t>^'^> <l^^t^l>^wi'*lMt',l''t,,}''?t,l,'l''l''{''t,<{''t<*.^,4^*^,<>',v  A������|.i^i|ii|ii|i������}h|ii|ii|4i|ii|iiJh{ii|m|ii|<i{m|i������|m|ii|ii|ii|ii|u|i.^4J^w}mi/. ^m$^^m{m^4J^^w{wjw|mj^w{ii{m|h|h|i<}i.j.44>  I BEATING ^Arocy';!  '*  4.  Our f������uslnes������ his Dee* t>ullt up t������v merit elone  UPEK & CO.  nesting Engineers.    ^  ���������������  I  1005 Homer St. Sey 661 __  * ������������������  ' >I,"I*<I,������**<S>^������**I> *!' 'I' *���������' 'I' 'I''!������'t' '1* 'I* 't' 't' 't' '1' 'S' 't"t' 't' ���������!' 't' 't"l' 'l"!"!"!* 'I' 'I' 'I' 't' '1' 't"l' 'I' 'l"l' 't"l"t' ������t' 'f' 'I* 'I' 't' 'I' ***  /  I  The  Telephone  i  - .   The Advance Agent of  COMFORT AND GOITV^ITONCB  Forms a closer union of Home,  X'  '-.. JJ-'-'  Business and Friends.  " fl[ For a limited time, Business or  Residence Telephones will be in  X:.-".  stalled   upon   payment   ofv $5.00  "       X' * .                         X.   '          ���������     '-:'         .             p :���������             p         .'���������-,.-'  Rental in advance.  ..(V  fl For particulars call Seymour 6070.  v   Contract Department.^ ^ ^^^^^^^^:v  . '0  B.C. TELEPHONE  XX i!  XCOMPANY, LIMITED  ..'��������� '  '  AMAZING SUCCESS OF  PROHIBITION IN RUSSIA  EXIT VODKA.  How Bussia Has Prospered Since  '   Its Abolition.  It will be.remembered that already in February a Rescript of  the Tsar addressed to the new  minister of finance, M. Bark,  spoke of the impossibility bf Bussia continuing "to base its  finance on the material and  moral misery of. the broad masses  of the people," meaning of course  the imperial sale of vodka. The  Rescript made a favorable impression on Russian public  opinion, but no particular practical importance was attached to  it. It was considered very difficult for a none too rich state to  do away' at one stroke with a  source which yielded annually  over ������90,000,000���������that is, more  than one-fourth of the entire  national revenue���������and it was also  considered as highly improbable  that a peasant nation so habituated to drink as the Russians,  which in 1913 consumed no lower  than 283.5 million gallons of  spirits���������an increase of 24 millions  on the figure of the preceding  year���������could accept such a drastic  reform as was foreshadowed by  the Rescript.- The sceptics had  some reason to doubt, but the  war has changed all that as if. by  magic. For years past some of  the best Russian military writers  had been giving warning of the  effect of drink during the time of  mobilization. Their warnings had  obviously been heeded, and on  September 4 the, Tsar issued a  ukase prohibiting the sale of  spirits for the whole period of  the year.    This ukase was sup-  Poultry Notes  (Continued from Page Two)  except the tail, which should be  black. The females resemble the  males in coloring, except that  they usually are somewhat lighter  in color. In selecting breeding  stock, particular attention should  be paid tb under-color, as smut  or white in the1 undercolor of  the parents will usually produce  a poorly colored lot, of chicks.  The fact that this is a utility  breed should never be lost sight  of, and that quick growth, hardiness and a large egg yield are of  vastly more importance than mere  appearance.  In form, the Rhode Island Reds  favor the Plymouth Rocks. They  are rather longer in back, and  the male has considerably more  tail plumage. They have single  combs like tbe Plymouth Rocks,  rose combs like the Wyandottes;  and some are produced with pea  combs like the Brahma. All these  colors of plumage and styles of  comb may be found of advantage  in building up one or more varieties of this useful breed.  ��������� ��������� __���������_  BJUJEPJNQ OJWW5T 7  There appear to be opportunities for more people in the breeding of geese. There are many  farmers who have every facility  in the way of land and houses  who leave geese breeding alone,  while otuers not so well placed  naturallv do a big business  In the first place, one should  aim at having three laree females. It is more important to  have size on the female side than  the male. The, gander selected  should be one fairly active, and  a bird that is fully matured.  Three geese to a gander are sufficient, and, in fact, some people  mate them up in pairs, but I  hardly think this is necessary. I  know many cases where small  flocks of four-mated birds have  given wonderfully good results.  The eggs have been most fertile,  and the young goslings hatch out  easily and strong.  If geese are allowed to eat as  much food as they can pick up,  there is certain to be no profit on  them. They should be kept  rather on the bare side, unless  there happens to be snow on the  ground or the fields are bare of  grass. They are birds that can  live almost the entire year on  grass alone, but during very Severe weather perhaps a. little  maize will prove useful. Birds  should be fed fairly well during  the breeding season. Some geese  will lay, from twelve to f if.teen  ^srsrs: then go broody. There are  old birds which.produce as many  as twenty eggs before they take  a rest,, but if we can get several  flocks of breeding geese to produce fifteen eggs per bird, it is  certainly not bad for the first  batch.     ^_  _;,c:.._.  V.;:'!VXV'il*Vk''';i|- ���������  ��������� ��������� X^;-X:'?������������������������?$>���������:-t ���������   ������������������   ���������    .  '���������'"���������' " y-j0&//ykkjyy ��������������������������� . ������������������.  ���������  '   "   " aX'^^XuXXX- ��������� ���������.  plemented on October 20 by a  Tsar's telegram to the Association  of Peasant Teetotallers announcing that it was the Tsar's firm  will to abolish for ever, in Russia  the sale of spirits by the state,  and on November 4 the minister  of finance, by a circular addressed to the administration of  the Excise department throughout the empire, brought under its  notice an order of the Superior  Commander-in-Chief, the Grand  Duke Nicholas Nicolayevitch. prohibiting also the sale of beer in  all localities placed under martial  law or in a state of siege. This  for ^he present completes the  circle of prohibition against the  "green serpent," as the drink  habit is called by the Russian  peasant; and the Russian nation,  in the unanimous opinion of the  Russian press, is celebrating the  grandest victory in the present  war.  For, remarkable as has been  the readiness of the Russian Government to .sacrifice at this moment of the greatest financial  need a revenue of nearly ������100,-  000,000, still more remarkable has  been the readiness with which the  population of. the empire has accepted -the reform, and most remarkable of all have been its effects. It is only necessary to  glance, through the reports in the  Russian press from various localities in order to become convinced that Russia is passing  through to a new life. This is  the unanimous opinion, for instance, of the medical faculty of  Kieff University, which has been  able to collect facts showing that  whereas in August, 1913? the  number of various crimes and offences against the law traceable  to "the influence of drink was  1,600, it dropped in August of  the;present year���������that is, during  the first month'(according to the  Russian calendar) of the opera'  tion of prohibition���������to % barely  400. In' the Simbirskl province  the loeal statistical office of. the  Zemstvo undertook an extensive  inquiry into the- effects - of -the*  reform on peasant life,_jmd���������thi%  is the sort of replies which it received from local correspondents:  y\l% is difficult > describe yi  wor4s," says one, a village priest,  "the transformation which has  overtaken our villagers on account of the closing of the drink  shops. They are all now better  dressed, industrious, more sensible, and with a wider outlook.  It is a pleasure to see how one of  the 'weak men,' who always used  to go about drunk and to carry  to the public-house the last sack  of flour or the last dozen eggs  from under the hen, is now putting up a new gate at Jus courtyard, and passing the evenings  in company of bis wife, who had  for years never been free from  the traces of his fists, discussing  with her various household  things  rendered  possible   by  a  new superfluity of money   All, without exception, are only  wishing that the sale of drink  may never be renewed."  Other correspondents write:  "The prohibition of. the sale of  vodka has had a most beneficial  effect on the life of the peasants  and,artisans. All the money that  is being earned goes into business for its extension- There are  (Continued on Page Six)  .   ������������������>' -re*, i -   _  *>*************************.},.l~y**^  y    '    J.Dixon     * /.",    " '    SX_  w ���������! 4* ������  House Phone: Bay. '886  G. Murray  House Phone:,Bay. 1187LX!'..  >   4 ,   jr  Office Phone:  /     Seymour 8765-8766  DIXON & MURRAY  I Office and Store Fixture rtanuf.acturers  i .' X Jobbing Cprpenters  I Painting, Paperhauging and KaUominlng  t Shop: 1066 Diinsmuir St. "    I       Vanoouvsr, B.C. X  Wi-.  in.  vrt.c  Pease Pacific Foundry Limited ;  HEATINQ AND VENT-LATiNO EN0INEE1S  -fANUPACTUIUSM  "Economy " S^???^^^  " Idfi-il"otmm *nd Ho* w***r BaUan  ���������adktorp. Pipe tad Fttttnca  |   1116 Homer St.     vatewtr, B.C.    Tel. Sey. 3230 ;  ^4 UK tn 111 * uti inn nun 11 n c i in i i i ni 11111< 111  Jin  X;Xi  x#o4  XXtt>|  - t~T  ���������X  -   ���������      - 4 '���������    - '     -     xx  WBAT DO TOU TBZNS OF TBBO APTBE CR&XlTlf__J BAXOAXmi?  Salted Peanuts, 1-6 lb. -. '.  ������ w- '  8peannint (Digest ) Gum, 2 pkgi :. ^^^  Gold Flake Cigarettes, regular 20e, now 10c.   Great reductions on fancy boxes  of Candy, and Pipes.  THAT NEW STORE  LEE BUILDING We lead, others follow..,   .   109 BROADWAY, E.  V,     _  C .*o|  ���������>,t"i'*'I"tl������8"M"l"l"l'4"l"H4"|-������4������4'4"l��������������� .^���������>>!������^>ii.H������M"H->'H"!'^->*' >  Sovereign Radliitars ;  Artistic in design.:   ,,';'.',;  Perfect in finish.    .  Made in Canada.  ���������   <   .  Taylor-Forbes Cq.  N LIMITED  v Vancouver, B.C.    '' -\ $  XK-X-:<l"l"MliMtl,Ml<���������|l|M|lt 1114,1 H4 4I H II tl 11111144 H I t,*t**t  /A  i  ������W. CaWer  F. Chapman  ��������� ������������������ ������Baa"  Office -Telephone: Sey;.' V������Zr.-������  l  .'-t ^i  kC\  Merchants Cartage Co,  ^JXPJ^SS, TOUCK AND, PKAY  Orders hy Mail or Telephone Promptly Attended to.  Fm4 ������b<1 Sslw StuUw:  716 Cambie Street  146 Wnter Street  Phone Sey. 8078 VANCOUVER, p. C.  :: PKITISH MMPI\^RWQlllfS SPPPUFS::  " (Jat^Valves,Pyclrauts,^ra^Crood8, Water M^w, :  Iiead ?ipe, Fig Iiea4, fiye and  Pipe Fittings.  JUrtlway Trade Too}������ and WUX* Wwte   Concrete Mi-few an4 WlieellJanrow������r  ' | ?bone: Sey. 9942. U01 Pominion ������uilding. \  Phone Fairmont 1140  Ring us up for  PRINTING OR ADVERTISING  CO. D.  If the Cash-on-Delivery System is in use in your country, then  you need only send 10/ for either 2 Rings you select and pay  balance when you receive the Rings.   Masters, Ltd., Eye, England.  MASTERS' LTD.  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOGUE  may be seen at  203 KINGSWAY  any day  between 8 a. m.  and 5 p. m.  Saturday till 12  noon.  Orders left with0  V. Odium. ,     c  THE WESTERN  CALL  Friday, January J39������1915.  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY' THE  TE.R.MINAL CITY PRESS, LIMITED  HEAD OFFICE:  203 KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER, B. C.  Telephone; Fairmont 1140.   SUBSCRIPTION:  One Dollar a Year in Advance.  $1.50 Outside* Canada.  q If you do not get "CALL" regularly,  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  u_3, phone or write complaint today.  "BILLY SUNDAY?  - The one great religious conundrum of this  continent is the Rev. William Sunday,1 colloquially known as "Billy Sunday," the evangelist.  Plenty of the religious leaders of the day are  '   opposed tp Billy Sunday just as other plenty of  them- are strongly impressed in -his favor..  s" All, or nearly all, admit that,he is a wonder  worker at.reaching those whom the church does  '        not.reach and at moving* men and -wonien as the'  church cannot any longer move them.  1 That Vancouver needs' "moving"; in a'religious way can hardly be denied.   It' is openly  asserted by very   many , that   the Vancouver  y        church membership needs nioving more than any  other part of the constituency.', -    X  '    Now, Vancouver has repeatedly, by act and  vpte  of her -religious  leaders,, exceed Billy  Sunday from coming to Vancouver, ind by this;  pf course, is' meant 'refusing tov fcP-operacte 'in'a  movement .inviting Billy Sunday to conduct a  religions campaign}n Vancouver.   \ .--_    /  .    Thia being true, anict w^. ������n yoftch" for it,'  {wd   Vancouver's   deep   reKgious- need-  being.  i-     plainly evidenced by the terrible wave of commercial delinquency .that has stunned us and  left %us an topen. reproach to���������the whole, yrorld.���������it,  ."'     has seemed to us worth while to  reopen  the  question as to the wisdom of neglecting a means  of religious quickening of whieh we?ao evidently  - stand in need and, which ja being availed of by  somany cities, large and small, on tbis;continent.  <   The Rev* William* Sunday, DtJXr in- an ordained minister of the Presbyterian, Church of  jjhe United Stater of ^Nbrth, America, in good  standing and officially   recommended   to the  churches as an.:evangelist by the General Assembly, a. body of religious leaders that has  hardly its equal in size.and wisdom in the known  world,    j. , _ _,   . , *,'/   , >.     ,t  k   Chicago, a city of some 2.500,000 souls, a city .  that could swallow a place Vacouver/s size every  day for a month without serious- distention, has  invited Billy Sunday .to conduct a.campaign, and '  whilst all the religious leaders in Chicago are not  a unit in the invitation, yet serious preparations  are being made for the contemplated visit.  1   The Chicago tribune has thought thek matter  t of sufficient importance to its readers to "give  ' page after page to the question, "pro and con,"  as to Billy Sunday and haa repeatedly treated   :  Jbe_quesHqn_at Length. editorially. - _^ .'_' ,  We hope in another article ta reproduce some  of the .testimony offered.  ' Meanwhile, ,on Monday, the 18th of January,  Billy Sunday visited Washington, D. C, and  talked to about' 5,000 people. Champ Clark, the  Speaker, of the House, presided at the meeting,  ahd Secretary Bryan, Attorney-General Gregory,  Secretary Lane and J. P. Tumulty, Secretary to  the President, occupied seats on the platform.  A number of Senators were present and  Speaker Clark remarked, whilst introducing the  preacher, that a "full quorum of the House" was  pnhand.  ReV/ William Sunday was afterwards received by President Wilson and, earnestly commended by him for the work he was .doing.  Now, all this may not be conclusive proof that  Vancouver's religious leaders are wrong in withholding an opportunity to Billy Sunday to unite  with them in promoting a work of religious  awakening in our city, but we do believe that a  man who has received such wide and distinguished recognition elsewhere has also a right  to fair, open and honorable treatment���������pro and  V v con���������at the hands of Vancouver people. ,  And this treatment we propose to give Mr.  Sunday in a series of articles of. which this is  the first. ������  **^**************<~w^  BE PREPARED!    $  *     ,   Every Canadian should protect himself and %  % family by carrying a policy in %  MUTUAL LIFE OF CANADA I  Established 1869 *  "CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL" '���������"*'  For  rates  and  full information see our it  agents, or g  - ' *  *  f  X 317-319 ROGERS BUILDING ������  .j.        .--: .  X ���������..".���������:,'.  .  J ��������� ,-.y:  ��������� : :���������:-:-:-:X-:.'--x~x~K~:~X~:x^-**x������:************  4*  I >  4*  ii , i  *4***4*4>4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4***4*4*4*4*+*4*4*4*4*****4*4*4*4*4*4***4*4*4*4*4***4*4*4*4*4**4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*  VANCOUVER CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATION ANNUAL MEETING  The annual meeting of the Vancouver Conservative Association was held on Tuesday night,  when F. W. Welsh was elected as president fo'r  the year by acclamation; A. M. Harper, first  vice-president; Walter Leek, second vice-president; and Alderman Hoskins, third vice-president. R. L. Maitland was .re-elected secretary,  and A. C. J. Weeks, treasurer of the association.  The ward representatives on Central Council  were ratified by the meeting as follows: Ward 1,  R. R. Maitland; Ward 2, C. J. Lang; Ward 3.  Robert Fiddes; Ward 4, J. C. Murray; Ward 5,  D. G. McLennan; Ward 6, Herbert Haynes;  Ward 7, James Reid; Ward 8, Robert Marshall. .  Hon. W. J. Bowser, Attorney-General, was  the first speaker of the evening, and in the open-  ' ing phrases of his address paid a glowing tribute  to H. H. Stevens, M.P., describing him as sa  member who is erecting monuments that would  live after his death as evidence of his great work  for the harbor and the whole constituency which  he represented. '* %  Mr. Bowser, without touching on the burning  subject of.the Dominion Trust and the accusa->  tions \aid against the B. C. Government by  Parker Williams, confined himself on this occasion to a witty exposition of the "Sun's", account of the Parker Williams speech, which, he  declared, had been largely manufactured in the  sanctum sanctorum of the editor-of the "Sun."  "Unrecognizable by anyone"WheThad heard the  speech," was Mr. Bowser's pronouncement. ,  The speaker their "plunged'' itftb Parker Williams'  request  that  he   (Mr.  Bowser)   should  .retire, and said that this was not the first time  that wish, had been expressed by his political  enemies. ' '  "The. proper place to retire me is at the  i polls, and so long as the confidence of the people  is reposed in me, it is my duty, while I remain  in public life, to offer my best abilities in helping to shape the government of this province,"  added Mr. Bowser. "Mr. John Oliver expressed  the wish several times that owing to my heinous  offences I should retire from public life and not  wait for another election/' ~,-��������� .,  . .,  Mr. Bowser then launched into the matter of  the province's splendid response toXhe call of  the Empire for men; the railroad policy of the  government, denying that a singlet lent^ac! |^>en  paid as interest on either P. =0, j������._o|..C. Nj> ft.  bonds, guaranteed by' the- B. O; Government..  Referring to the. fact that notwithstanding the  immense public works that had been inaugurated  and largely ^brought to a finish' under the present.  Conservative Government, and to  the   further  fact that whilst engaged in the prosecution bf  this great work the whole world' had-been  stunned by a catastrophe that had caused un-  parallelled disturbance in financial circles, he  said the credit of the province of British.Columbia stood second,to none of any colony in the  whole Empire.  Hind sight is better than f.oresight and any  numbskull can get up a catchy speech on the  errors of those who were administrating the affairs of state when the European hurricane  struck the business world, but from the reception  accorded Attorney-General Bowser on Tuesday  night, it will take more than Parker Williams'  sky-rockets or the "Sun's" Roman candles to  dislodge the most capable, efficient and hardworking official the province has ever known.  The "Western Call" does not always agree  with the McBride.Government and has even now  perhaps some criticism of its own to offer, but,  as regards the line of attack that is presently  being made upon the Attorney-General by .the  Liberal p^ess, the "Western Call" stands  shoulder to shoulder with him and repudiates it  as both senseless and unjust.  H. H. Stevens, M.P., was given a rousing reception, "For he's a jolly good fellow," followed  by three.cheers and a tiger, was given with great  enthusiasm. Addressing himself to Ralph Smith's  remarkable letter as to the ghostly harbor developments in Vancouver,, alleged to have been  made by the Liberal Government of. his,day, Mr.���������,  Stevens finally left, his political opponent in the  hands of the editor.of the "News-Advertiser,"  who had very successfully combattedMr. Smith.  After expressing thanks for the kindly appreciation of his own, effortoj, .evidenced by the reso-  - lution passed, Mr. Stevens launched out' into a  - glowing tribute to Sir R. L. Borden, as one who  was the equai,[in .moral and* intellectual-stamina,.  ,' to any of the" ^great 'Men' whb were now engaged >,  . in molding the destinies~e������ the Empire, and also  ' paid a compliment to Major-General Sam Hughes,  who, like the Attorney-General of British Columbia, was a much assailed man, but who, what-  ~ ever- his opponents might, say, was .a man..of -  brains and energy and whose ideals of a militia  system whicfi would make eVery ,man'df the  country capable of going out in defence of his  - borne, had been artply justified by recent events: '  .If he had .followed ;th? militia System of the  government that had^ gone befoTe him the coun- ���������-  try would .never bave, been prepared to send out  thirty-three, thousand^ men on' the short' notice  that she did.   t,      ,,,     .     .  The following resolution was passed: Moved  by Mr. J. J. Miller, and seconded by Mr. Jonathan Rogers': "That'this annual-meeting of the  Conservative  Association  of Vancouver,   repre-  < senting all the wards of the city,,. desire to express extreme gratification for the capable way  in which our honored president, the Right Hon.  Sir R. L. Borden, and his cabinet have directed-  the affairs of our Dominion through this most  critical period of our history; and to voice our  hearty approval pf. his action in pledging all the ���������  resources of Canada to the Empire on the outbreak of the war. Especially do we desire to.  commend the Government and the- Minister of  Militia, Major^General the Hon. Sam Hughes, for  the expeditious and successful manner in which  they handled the mobilization, equipment and  transportation of the First Contingent, and the  consistent and energetic' manner in which they  have completed the mobilization of the Second  Contingent, and have already under way arrangements for a Third Contingent.    We 'also  -wish to express our confidence in our Federal  member, $lr. H. H. St evens,, and to extend to him.  bur appreciation for his earnest- and energetic efforts on behalf of the city."  Another resolution, moved by Mr.'E. B.  Morgan; seconded by Mr. Thomas Duke,' was  passed1������ilw follows: ."Having taken into consideration the record of the Government of. the  day at Victoria, since it assumed the control .of  the destinies of this province, and having /also  taken into consideration its masterful handling  of our railroad development, resulting only the  other day in the completion of the third, great  transcontinental - line, without- the expenditure of  a single dollar of provincial money; having taken  into /Consideration the measures and carefully-  laid plans oi, action adopted foy.dh^, further and ^  better development of the agricultural industry,  which will undoubtedly lead to a high develop-  ' raent .pf that, ind, _|,try and v to l&f; better and  higher standard "of living to those "engaged, in it;  having taken into consideration the strong and  effective measures adopted by our Premier and  his Executive Council at or before' the' opening  of the war; and because we -have unbounded  -faith in our Premier, Sir Richard McBride, and  . our Attorney-General find the other gentlemen  whom he has called to his council chamber, we  hereby express our unbounded confidence in our |  ' premier and-hi* CPunciFand the Gpvpjrnifrent of  the day > .at Victoria, and further .."express our  firm and unhltered determination to keep that  government in power cluring this time of stress,  being confident that by so doing we are serving  the best interests, of this province,.and ol the  Empire to which we belong."  __������������������t������������?������������f������*������������������������^������������������HH������*t*4������������^  I'Jkii  SWqqESS;,OF THE SYIWY  ; _   ,     A tpSO-J FQR CANADIANS X\  W. J. TWISS  District Manager  The cruiser Sydney, the. destroyer df the  elusive Emden, is of the new Australian, navy,  and .is the .first colonial warship to bag one' of  the enemy. Australia is proud of,;the prowess  bf the latest addition to' its" flleet, and has received congratulations from all parts of the  Empire.    ; . ,;  Advantage was taken by the Canadian .Ljb.  erat preatkof the Sydney's victory to make .'.a  defence of the Laurier naval policy���������but the-particular policy of. the many of that.party was ^ot  4esignajted. As the Sydney,was,tbe direct result  of the Defence Conference in/Britain in 19%0'r it  is fair to conclude that theVpolicy referred.to  was tbe one adopted by Sir Wilfrid after he refused co-operation with Great Britain, Australia  and New Zealand to police the Pacific:    ~~'  ito Imperial Fleet.  > It was_at this conference that the' proposal  was made to create an Imperial fleet on the  Pacific of four unit*r-two to be' bftilt and maintained by Britain and New Zealand, and one  each by Australia and Canada. * A fleet unit consists of a cruiser battleship, two light cruisers  and a complement of. destroyers^and submarines.  Had this policy been fadopted-,> ihe Empire1; at the  outbreak of the war* woUlid have had on the  Pacific four battleships, eight cruisers and many  destroyers and submarines, or a more powerful  navy than any other Pacific power except our  ally���������Japan.  Australia Agreed.  Australia accepted the proposal and was  ready for the emergency; Sir Wilfrid, on behalf  of Canada, refused; and proposed two Canadian  squadrons���������one on .the Atlantic and the other oh  the Pacific���������of which the most powerful ship  would be of the Bristol or Sydney type. He also  laid down the principle that these ships must be  built.in Canada and manned by Canadians. The  pressing emergency for immediate construction  and manning was not considered. Tenders were  called and in the hands 6i the Government for  months, but no contracts awarded. The only  excuse given for the delay was that by Hon.  William Pugsley,'who attributed it to the uncertainty of Quebec public opinion.  What Australia Didl'    ~    '-  Australia went to work at once. Contracts  were let in Britain for the cruiser battleship  Australia and the cruisers Melbourne u and  Sydney. In their own country they laid down  the cruiser Brisbane. This latter ship was Jaid  down one year before the Laurier Government  left power. The result was that at the: outbreak  of hostilities the Australia, Mel bourne ���������- ships  built in BritadnXwere ready for service, while  the home built cruiser, the Brisbane, is hot yet  ready to go into commission.  Manned by British.  Nor did Australia delay manning the ships  with well-trained officers. It takes many years  to train officers and men sufficiently to man a  modern cruiser.   The Sydney, the victor over the  Umden, was commanded by officer* from the  Royal Navy. Among those brought from tbe  British navy to' command and work the Sydney  were the captain, lieutenant-commander, five  lieutenants, chief engineer, chief gunner, boat-  swaihand carpenter,- or'all-the principal officers.  So the Sydney was British built and British  manned.  Would be Tftelesg.  The nearest approach to what effectiveness  would have been displayed hy the Laurier navy is  seen iji the Brisbane. This ship is of the type  Sir Wilfrid Laurier proposed to build. It was  laid down one year before the Canadian Briitob  would have been, and is not yet complete. So  tbatevenjf Sir WiWri4>a4 put into effect bis  policy his ships woi44 have been yeMn the ywd#,  What Made Jt Possible.  While there is no intention to detract from the  work of the Sydney, it must be remembered that  this work was only possible while greater ships  held the powerful German cruisers in check. At  Coronal the Sydney would have shared the fate  of-the Good Hope and, Monmouth. Instead of  being an endorsement of the Laurier policy, the  Australian navy has completely demonstrated the  utter uselessness of the navy proposed to be built  for Canada in 1910.,  ���������X-  THE J-OUSE OF JUDAH  (Continued from Page One)  Disraeli, though himself a baptized Christian,  was a brave champion of the Jewish race at a  time when he had his .own way to make against  strong prejudicej eveii in the mind of Queen  Victoria, and at a time when championship of  the Jewish cause was exceedingl^unpopular.  There has been no braver act recorded of any ,  parliamentarian in the last 100 years than that  of Disraeli in  espousing  the  cause  of Jewish  emancipation in the British Parliament.  His appeal in the House of. Commons that  justice should be done to the Jews is here reproduced in part:   V; -X. v--;-���������''��������������������������� x;X''X.:V;y    V;X..  "In exactVproportipn to yourVfaith ought"_tPX  be your wish to - do this ; great act of national  ���������justice," he said.    "If you had not forgotten^  what you owe to this people, if you-were grateful  for that literature, which for thousands of years  has brought so much instruction and so much  Consolation to the sons of men, you as! Christians  would be only too ready-to seize the first op-v  portunity of meeting the  claims of those who  profess this religion.   But you are:influenced by  the darkest superstitions of the darkest ages that..  ever existed in this country."      V  And he ended this .outburst by declaring: " L  cannot sit in /this House with .any misconception  of. my opinion on the subjects Whatever may be  ithe consequences on the seat I hold���������and I should '  not have referred to such a consideration unless  other gentlemen had done so���������I cannot, for one,  give a vote which is-not in deference to what I  believe to be the true principles of religion. Ves, ���������  it is as a Christian that I willnot take upon me'  the awful responsibility of excluding from the  legislature ,tlibse who are of. the-religion in the  bosom of���������whieh^fny Lord.and Savloufjwas born.",  When the, future Conservative p^emiey of Britain  J.QJIP POIWAHTH, SCOTCH  BAHGN A$ PATWARCH  - ���������     ���������: <��������� .  v Lord Pplwarth,' eighth haipu of bis line, Lord  Lieutenant of Selkirkshire, and thirteenth Laird  of Harden, is one of the good- old Scottish stock.  Father of. eleven stalwaVt sons, and daughters by  his first^wife, and in his 77th year, he, a few,^  days agoXed to the. altar Miss Catherine Grisell  Baillie, youngest daughter of the late Rev. John  Baillie, Canon of Ydrkminster.    ", f -  Lord Polwartb claims .the. chieftainship of  the Clan Scott, whose name jias been immortalized by the noted histrionic novelist, Sir  Walter Scott,-and is the "twenty-third in direct  male- descent from JJchtred Fitz-Scott, who in  the time of David I., was one of the witnesses  to the two charters granted hy that king to the  abbeys of Holyrood and Selkirk in 1135. and  U30 A.D.  A strong character, as' well as a near-giant  Shysically, is Lord Poljvajth. Not ashamed of  is country, his JKhg or his God, many a time in  the last fifty years has Lord Polwarth's voice  . been raised "in the open air and in conventions  of his native country 'for the strong, simple,  primitive faith of Apostolic Christianity. And  there is little danger of the family name becoming extinct, for his sons and daughters have  married, and around him' have grown up a whole  tribe of grandchildren.   ! X ^- ' '  WHAT IS THE MATTER WITH OUR B. C.I  WAIDSKS?  The Chicago Tribune :prints the.. fpliowing  letter "as received from. a. "bunch of lonely  bachelors" in British Columbia. What; is ^the  matter with our B. C. maidens, Surely the B.SC.  Manufacturers' Association should look into this.  "Would you kindly Alow, us space for those  few Lines there are 30 of us from different Parts  of the LT. S. A. & we are All Batcholers & for  that Reason Through your Kindness we will try;  to form the; Acquaintance of Some working Girk  maids & Widdpws that Really wants to Get married and as our Ages varies from 20 to 40 years  there will be A Chance for Them All as wel all  want To Get^married rwe are settled along the  Frazer Rivei*; in A Beautaful^ valley & any Girl  maid or Widdow that wants to Corrispohd W1^  us Will Kindly Address Toney Polley McBride  British Columbia Canada Care of section Foreman Knoles & they will find out that it is not  ;SO hard To Get A; Good husbanoV with 160;! acres  of Land this Is A new Country and not many  Women ^oiit here S6 Let them .quit Kicking AWut  'Batcholers & Write to us & . theyV will Receive  Letters . from Several Of. our members Hoping  you will Giye this note your Kindest. Consideration & wishing Every Body well in uncle Sam's  Land We Remain Resp yours  "<_'��������� "A Lonely Bunch of Batcholers."  ..^: The letter i& from McBride, British Columbia  LS-J&rzfi^^?������x*fi* j  ^z?t^'*^^���������^-���������1**���������^" ^-���������*V-'.fcL���������'"'S.^- ������������������->-->������������������'  r^fr^.afrr^r^r*.^  rsErrsswr^���������arr  **Rr~.Ki~'*^'J!lr-*~'.������-U!<������j.,lA^.- S'4*      ' *'  ' -4-^"  X    !  Friday, January 29,'1915.  THE WESTERN  ,CALL  \-    ������  St   <,������  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������j������ ������������������>���������������������������*������������������������������������������*���������������������������.��������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������-������-������������������������������������������<������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  1   WITH THE FIRST CANADIAN CONTINGENT  4'  **j***4,******************** ****************************************4*4*4*4*4*4*i  WATEB NOTICE.  :! SOME OF THE VICTORIA BOYS AT SAUSBURY ::  .. . < ���������  -, -       x        .   '      , ,       ���������     ,' T  >****************���������*******************************************************���������******  Use and Storago.  rpjAKE NOTICE tbat Joseph Astley,  whose address Js 4423 'Slocan Street,  Vancouver, B. C, -v. 11 apply for a  license to take and use five cubic feet  per second and to store about 250,000  gallons out of an unnamed ereek to be  henceforth known as 'Astley Creek,  whieh flows south-westerly and. drains  into the sea about 1%- miles north of  the southern point of the west coast  of Texada Island, Province of British  Columbia. The storage dam will be  located on or near the / north-west  corner of Lot 339, Group 1, on the  said Texada Island. The capacity of  the reservoir is not yet determined.  The water will be diverted from the  stream, at or near the north-west  corner of Lot 339 aforesaid and will  be used for mining, steam, power and  storage purposes upon the land described as Lot 339 aforesaid and elsewhere. This notice was posted on the  ground on the 14th day of December,  1914. A copy of this notice and an  application pursuant thereto, and to  the Water Act, 1914, will be filed.in  the office of the Water Becorder at  Vancouver,. B. C. Objections to the  application may be filed with the said  water Becorder or with the Comptroller of Water Bights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C, within 30 days  after the first appearanee of this  notiee in a local newspaper. The date  of the first-publication of this notice  is 13th January, 1915.  JOSEPH ASTLEY,  Applicant.  LAND ACT.  New Westminster Land Dtetrlct.  District of TnjndtV Wwfl  rpAKE NOTICE that-1, Joseph Astley,  of Vancouver, occupation, r engineer,  intend to apply for'peraission'to lease  the following described foreshore' for  docking purposes: Commencing at a  post planted about one and a half  miles from,the southern point (on the  east side) of Texada Island, thence  following the shore line in a northwesterly direction to the head of an  unnamed bay (henceforth to be known  as Astley Bay), thence following the  shore line around the bay to the east  side, thence south-east for about 750  feet.  Dated, January 20th,'1915.  JOSEPH ASTLEY,  ' *X Applicant.  A LETTER ON THE JITNEYS  Mr. Editor: You might allow  me space in your valuable columns to draw our civic fathers'  attention to a new danger to  pedestrian travel, also to thofe  who can afford tp travel in a  more luxurious manner. "*  The jitney car has burst upon  us like a bolt from the heavens;  the first few days it appeared on  the street people smiled, but as  they began to grow, as quick as  weeds in fin unkept garden, people be^gan rtb realize that an evolution in the mode of travel was  about to come into existence.  If. this is to be so, then no one  can have any objection, as we  must move with the trend of the  times.  Before this new mode of travel  can become popular and gain the  public confidence, the safety of  the travelling public must be  guaranteed, and this can only be  done by the Council carefully  drafting certain necessary Jaws  as to traffic regulations. The  Council,should appoint a regular  traffic superintendent whdse'dnty  will be to license these motors  and appoint^ them to certain districts in the city, and so save  some parts from becoming congested with this new mode of  travel, and to also see that other  parts of the city-which did not  pay so much had their full quota  of service; also that these motors  enter into ah indemnity bond,for  at least $10,000, so. guaranteeing  the public that in case of1 accident some compensation will be  received.  Many of the new motors that  are commencing business just  now are possessed by men who  own one and only require it for  not employed put it on the street.  Such/owners ought to have a very"  heavy license, fer exacted-from'  them.   At the present time it is >  quite  a  common  occurrence to  see seven or eight people' seated  in a four or five seated car. The  police ought to* have the power  to summons any driver who carried  more passengers > than .the n  seating capacity of his car.  The danger to the people crossing our principal streets bas now  become so serious that in justice  to the citizens,,no further delay  can take place in the regulation  of this traffic.   Your etc.  J. FITZGERALD.  INTEROHtJRCH DKBATX.  ���������<-  The Young People's Association of St. Michael's Church paid  a.vjsit to the. Young People's Association of St. Marie's Church on  Thursday, January 14th. The  evening entertainment took the  form of a debate'on the subject,  ''Resolved, that it would, be" in  the best interest of the country  if all railways in Canada, were  government owned." Messrs. B.  J. Moyls and J. Forbes of St.  Michael's argued on the affirmative, while Messrs. W. Williams  and Barker of St. Mark's spoke  for the negative. The Rev. Dr.  Cameron f and the ' Rev. O. J.  Nurse acted as judges and  awarded the decision in favor of,  the affirmative. While the judges  Were out arriving at their decision. Mr. W. Rundell rendered a  piano- solo, ahd Mr. Burley a/  vocal alolo. Refreshments were  served by the St. Mark's Association, which brought to a close  * .**'! X  xx"  :   v .i ;  X  -v.-  XVI  X*>*J  4     '^     ..-  <   *  this very enjoyable and profit-  a short time each day and when able visit.  '    '      -M  +4+4+4+*+*+*+*+*'  4*,  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������.������������������������������������^������������������������������������������������������������������������������t*������������>������������**^  o  ;!��������� THE WAR-ITS MEANING TO CANADA AND CIVILIZATION  \     < r  AY HON.  ARTHUR MEIGHEN,  SOLICITOR-GENERAL FOR CANADA  **4******************+*+e^*+****************4*4*********************************************** k4*4*4*4***************************^  ���������e* \ -*��������� T i ���������*>  Canada hasvhad troubles of herPwn, a few  times. She has been represented in the conflicts  of Empire onceV-But in the sepse that war is a  challenge-of all our Strength, a challenge of our  right to live ai|i4Vtp./.he..Jre'e.r;.'C{^4aiha8 never  known wfcr be^ro.;X,xX^';;-':;Xv:^;''^v'v:  So I want tp-:spea^''dritsVmeanjng,_of its life  and death, meaning.':|p;us, topurcountry and to  civilization.    ' ���������  It may seem a, purposeless task to describe  this world struggle, its issues and its import and  the stern duty it imposes^ Every one bf_ us reads  daily the story Pf^slaughter, or carnage unspeakable. We believe that behind the censor  and the censor's curtain there lies eyei^ form of  suffering that flesh is" heir to���������a scene of horrors and of death,.lighted.up by heroism, passing  in both phases, the compass of words to portray.  We read and we believe; we cannot doubt, but  do we know ? The civilian of Belgium, who has  escaped the assassin, whose, fields are ravaged,  whosehome is wrecked and plundered, whose  children are lost in exile or captivity���������he can't  tell which���������perhaps reduced by butchery to mere  stumps of humanity, as if murder was not crime  enough to satiate the lust of instructed savagery  ^--the civilian of Belgium knows. The mother in  England, who/proud of the son she bore, watches  for his face amongV the .thousands, of Wounded  carried back���������she knbws_; The soldier in the  trenches knows, but in; the:K generous ardor of  cpnflict he knows without fear. X  One'fcannot overstate the#horrors of this war.  It is the "wars of history multiplied together.  Why have we a part in it? What if we had kept  out? What if we succeed? What should we do?  Those are the questions for us-���������chief ly the last.  The World Making Its Choice.  Two schools ofthought^are in conflict. : The  German school of Nietsehe, of Bismafrck, of  Treitsche and of Jagow; the British school of  Bacon, of Burke, of Pitt, of Canning, ��������� of Asquith  ���������-yes, of Lincoln and Wilson.. But why are they  in conflict? 'Why can't they live side by side!  Because if. the first is to live and spread there is  no- room on earth for any. other. The world is  making.its choice. .   ;  Germany teaches���������and when I say Germany  I don't mean only the governing ciassr the.au-,-  tocracy., They are simply the embodiment, the  ;propagators of the faith; thetK<lo<itrine' has, V  believe, burned itself yery~ generally into the >  German charae^rX^ G>r^aiijr te^hef tjie soyX  creignty of the state in relation to its citizens.  With that we have no quarrel.   But' they push  the doctrine farther: ���������" Their * own* * state/ says '  Treitsche, must. be the supreme and only sovereign of "its destiny, and must, for, itself, de=-  termine its place in the world.  That sovereignty,  he asserts, means release at the -demand of self-  interest from all international obligations.   That  place in the world means all that the sword can  carve.   They tell us that to profess otherwise is,  in Mr. Asquith's translation, "so, much threadbare and nauseating cant."     Our   answer -is  simple.   No writer in our tongue has expounded  such a theory.   Why!   Because he couldn't get  a reader.    No statesman has practised such a  principle���������never, at least, since Warren Hastings  was tried for high treason at Westminster.   We  can. afford to smile at taunts from Berlin; our  past is before the world.   We have erred at times  on the side of aggression, hut, that has.not been _  the course of our policy.   We know that even  though the ambition of our leaders might carry  us���������indeed, has carried us���������into error, we know  that public opinion, when -informed of the facts,  will stand for no wrong against another power.  Where Treaties .Are Meaningless.,  The German school teaches that treaties are  of no account if they conflict with state advantage. "Why," says Treitsche,' "they are self-  imposed. The state, by its act, imposes a restriction on itself. That is all a treaty is. And  if. the state imposes a restriction, surely the state  can remove it." It is hard to believe that a  great nation has brought itself to' such a standard. But it has. It means that obligations of  honor, as w*e understand the word, have no meaning in world politics. Add still that is the very  teaching of Nietsehe, the most popular of their  last century philosophers. All the everyday virtues, said he, are only slave morality���������good  enough for; the herd, for those who struggle for  existence���������but not good and utterly meaningless  for the masters, for those who struggle, not for  existence, but for powerX ������  That is; such virtues have no place in the code  of great nations.;-Those of :the herd, who are  fighting to surviye-^-they need pity, and truth,  and mercy, and the principles of democracy and  Christianity. But democracy and Christianity,  he said, are just a form of .anarchy���������they en-  couragfe unstable sentimentality at the expense  of disciplined power. There are many who attack the dogma of Christianity, but Neitsche attacked its morality. He denounced it as a religion of pity seeking to preserve the botched,  the weak and the degenerate. 'When Frederick  the Great said, a hundred and fifty years ago,  , "A great nation that has a ehanee to humble a  rival, and does hot do so, is a fool," he was only  the forerunner of Nietsehe and of Treitsche, the  voice crying in the wilderness. When Berhhardi  in cold ink preached the blasphemous"'..creed,  "You have heard it said that a good cause will  justify even war, but I say that a good war will  sanctify any cause," he was only their echo.  Jagow. was nothing more than their faithful  disciple when he gasped at Britain'8 fidelity to  Belgium/and ealled"the^Troaiyrof;;18307������v"Scrap  >..   ���������'   " ��������� ^^^X^XX^XXX1' ...  .  -ot-Paper.-'.'   The tragedy of it all-is that multi-  ..jtyges. applauded the one and worshipped the  memory of the other.  The doctrine spread.  The  iGe^in^n people afcw i^��������� applied with'success by  ~ Frederick ^the* Great "'and by Bismarck. v Silesii,  ' Schleswig-Holstein, Alsace and Lorraine   were  proofs of its soundness, the trophies of the sword  wielded by the state in defiance of right.   They  heard, they saw, and in a great measure they  believed.  A torn** World Their Object.  ', And with wbat results ��������� the pan-German  .league and ita dominating influence on German  policy. A campaign of education, headed by a  united professoriat. Their navy league and its  propaganda building swiftly a body of public  sentiment "behind, their fast constructed fleet���������  the most spirtedJ and effective propaganda in  the history of-nations. An Emperor who threw  out'the winged phrfese, "Our future lies upon the  water." "Without the consent' of Germany's  ruler," said he, "nothing must happen in any  _part_ of the_world-". Another of_their famous,  writers puts it uTstill bolder form:-"The last  century saw a German Europe. The next shall  see a German world." '  Where else could such opinions lead? I overstate it not at all when I say there is no room on  earth <&>r that ideal and ours to live together.  The prosecution of the one means the destruction  of the other. The time has come to put in plain  words the purpose of that country. It was difficult to be convinced/much more so to convince  others, until now. There were always those who  affected ,to know better, who believed in the  loyalty of that nation to old standards of rectitude, but their interpretation has been falsified  by the event.  There, I believe, lies the historic foundation  of this war. It is, a conflict of ideals as inevitable as the laws of life and death. We need to  understand that and never forget it; otherwise  , we cannot know all we are fighting for. We cannot see the bigness of the issue.  '������Kultur" is Science Run Mad.   /  Science run mad. "Kultur," as they: call it,  has developed a cancer in world politics.-Success now means its extinction. Defeat, defeat-  forgive me for mentioning the word���������defeat  would mean the desecration of those principles  around which our race has rallied in the storms  of two thousand years; it would mean the surrender of what to us is the ark of civilization;  it would mean the progressive delivering over of  humanity to a new-fangled paganism.  '���������"'.: But to know the history which evolved this  conflict is not enough. We might have been  right through these years, right both in our professions and our practice as a nation, and Avrong  in'jfch^e immediate cause. If* so, ours is the greater  fault.. There, is wrong somewhere. In the facts  that clashed and lit the flame there is wrong  soinlwhere���������wrong as monstrous and terrible as  the war itself. You can't have war without  wrongs It is the boldest form of wrong;.it is the.  fulfilment.-of. wrong; it is the result of wrong���������-  on one side or on two. Treitsche did not think  so.- He taught that war was majestic and divine,  the great medicine of a sick world. But even  Sir Edward Grey could not utter such sentiments  before British people and get a hearing.   ,  >��������� <i  National Boaor is at Pttln.  Anything that smacks of an excuse���������even a  good excuiie-^fii Hot eupugfcXIFe are^rong; we  at least share the'wrong1 if-we were not compelled to- fight* tp save/owr eou������try,;tosaye it  from humiliation,'to save it from annihilation���������  the first is the prelude of the second���������to save it  from dishonor and disgrace���������for dishonor is, the  open door to disintegration and decay.  No great  country can survive the loss of the respect of its  people.   Veneration'for the national honor is the  /binding force of an empire.  That is why Britain  counts her Dominions in the seven seas.   When  such was the stake the motherland has' never  flinched from war, never through a thousand  years front on the theatre of world events.   Are  we, the generation, to count the color" of our  fame at a leaser price?   Never, never; that is  wbat we said in times of peace.   Never, we sfry  now after a trial of war., "Never," in the words  of one of our statesmen, spoken some 70 years  ago; "never though the country be surrounded  with dangers as great as those which threatened  her when her American colonies and France and  Spain and Holland were leagued against herrand"  when the armed neutrality of the Baltic disputed i  her maritime rights; never, though another Bonaparte should pitch his camp in sight of Dover  castle; never till all has been staked and lost;  never till the four quarters of the world have  been convulsed with the last struggle of the  great English people for their place'among the  nations."  Was honor at stake for us in this war? It  takes some presumption to ask that question, in  the hearing of intelligent men. Our country had  to fight, or prostitute its good faith. What is  more, it had to fight or imperil its existence.  Belgium's Neutrality Guaranteed.  Belgium' was a flourishing little country, lying _ in the lap of Europe. Situate like Servia,  between the armed camps of three or four great  powers, there it lay to part competing ambitions  and prevent their clash. Its separate entity ahd  its neutrality were accepted as for the common  good of all. That is why its independence and  its neutrality were guaranteed by solemn treaty  in 1839. Belgium undertook herself, to maintain  that neutrality with all her strength. Hands off!  No passage to belligerents! is an element of neutrality���������by The Hague treaty over German's seal,  by international la>v, and by common . sense.  Situate as Belgium was, it became the essence of  neutrality. In return each of the five powers  gave her the Same guarantee*. That was a step  forward for civilization.  It lasted for 75 years, till the 4th of August  last. .Then it was that Germany played the last  act in a twelve days' drama of crime. That day  she trampled her treaty in the mire, and she  made the mire1 first. She plunged her millions  into Belgium against a small and guiltless people.  That people made their choice. They kept the  faith. They stood upon their bond. But where  is Belgium at this hour? A desert of -death,  drenched in blood and tears. Children will weep  and strong men's blood will boil centuries from  now over the sufferings of Belgium. Her cry  passed to Great Britain. "We have kept the  faith," said King Albert, "will you keep yours?"  Britaiir-chose, and all her people chose. "It was  only when confronted with" a'.choice between  (Continued on Page Eight)  f '1  _ *"''< 'I  r h     *���������     ���������  "'I  m&&iA -��ar
Friday, January 29,- 1915..
^.,j^m^.Jm5~5^m>4^^jH5m5^m{��sm5mJm5m5.^~j^. ****>**********************
Mount Pleasant Livery
Furniture and Piano Moving
Baggage, Express and Dray.   Hacks and Carriages
at all hours.
Phone Fairmont 348
*t* x
I<:   Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish. Prop.  *
.���. ���
*******************^^***** <-^i**A>********Ayi**********
*************************** *************���&>***********
Baxter & Wright I
ii  Cash or
Stock to
From     t
Come in and talk it over when looking for furniture.
Phone Seymour 771 416 Main Street
S J   -  # ;   - ?
Commercial Printing at "Western Call" Office
hy presenting your good
^ifo with an up-to-date
motor washing machine and
hall-bearing wringer; one of
ours will please her.
We have a complete stock
of Clothes Pryers, Wasb-
boardi, Wash Pollen, Tubs
and Clothei J��ini.���r���
VWe deliver promptly.
THe Wit. Pleasant Hardware
Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street
Governing Timber on Dominion lands
in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the
North West Territories, the Railway
Belt in the Province of British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half
Million 'Acres Located by the Dominion
in Ihe Peace River District in British
A license to cut timber on a tract not
exceeding twenty-five square miles in
extent may be acquired only at public
auction. A rental of $5.00 per square
mile, per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of
Yale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of
5 cents per acre. In addition to-rental,
dues are charged on the timber cut at
the rates set out in section 20 of the
regulations. "
Timber remits aad Does -
Permits may be granted in the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described
tract of land not exceeding one aquane
mile In extent, on payment of dues at
the rate of 50 cents per thousand feet,
B.M.. and subject to payment of rental
at the rate of $100 per square mile, pe~
Timber fox XomMtoaders
Any occupant of a homestead quartet-
section having no timber of his own
suitable for the purpose may.' provided
he has not previously been granted free
allowance of timber, obtain a free per-
mlt to cut the quantity of bulldink-mnd
fencing timber Bet out In Section 61 of
the Regulations.
Deputy of the Minister of the Interior.
Coal mining rights of the Dominion,
In Manitoba, "Saskatchewan and Alberta,
the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portin of the Province
of British Columbia, may be leased for
a term of twenty-one years at an annual
rental of $1 an acre. Not more than
2569 acres will be leased to one applicant.   '
Application for a lease must be made;
by the applicant in person to the Agent
or Sub-Agent of the district in which
the rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub���divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory tbe tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant, himself.
Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5. which will be refunded if the rights applied for are not
available, but not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at' the. rate of- 6 centB
per ton. ,        -..  .
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for.the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights
are not being operated, such returns
should be furniBhed at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be-permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rigQts may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the |
rate of $10.00 an acre. |
For full information application should
be made to, the Sefiretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to
any* Agent or 8ub-Agent of Dominion
W. W. CORY.     ,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.���Unauthorised publication , <4
this advertisement'will not be paid for.
TAKE NOTICE that Tbe MacDonald-
Oodson ' Coirtpany. Limited. * intends to
apply at the .expiration ;of. one month
from the date of the" first publication
of this notice to the Registrar of Joint
Stock Companies that its name | be
changed to "MacDonald Bros.", Engineering Works, Limited."   -
Dated at Vancouver, B. C, this 26tn
day of November A. P. 1914.'
��. W- Stockton,
> oecrei
413 Granville Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
For Fresh and Cured Meats
go to this Old JEteliable Market
11 Is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver
This is the Oldest Established
Market in Vancouver, an example
of " The Survival of theFittest"
Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway
Ptione: Fairmont
& ca.
We are offering this week
exceptional values in
Ingrain Papers
Now is the time to secure
your paper ;for your front
room, dining room or hall
and to have them done for
the least possible outlay.
Before placing your order
for Fall decorations, kindly
call or phone
Amazing Success of
Prohibition in Russia
(Continued from Page Three)
no longer drunken brawls in the
streets or scandals in the families The people have become somewhow different. Tramps
are no longer seen in the streets
���everybody is dressed in good
clothes and has decent boots on
his feet. Soon there-will be the
season of marriages. Formerly
at each wedding spirits, were consumed to the amount of at, least
��12. At the betrothals alone two
vedros .(5.4. gallons) of. spirits
were consumed, value 6 roubles
(32s). Now it has become different. They spend two roubles
(4s.) on cakes, and the thing is
done. No noise, no filthy words,
no thieving, no fires.1'
One correspondent, pointing to
the disappearance of village
"hooliganism," dreams of the
time when the drink shops will
be closed for ever; "the prisons
will then be without inmates, the
lunatic asylums will be emptied
of their patients, the police-will
have nothing to do, the courts
will remain idle, and the doctors
will have nobody to attend to."
From another correspondent, we
hear .that "the women in our
village speak very little about the
war���they speak more about the
closed drink shops, and pray to
God that they may never be reopened." That this millennium
dream has a substratum of solid
fact is seen from the reply of
yet another correspondent who
himself has been the manager of
a state drink shop in the locality:
"The material condition of the
peasantry is perceptibly improving, the population is physically
growing stronger, and is morally
undergoing^ a great change.
Everything is new; there are
fewer1 litigations at the courts,
and the doctors notice that the
number of sick fs getting less."
With special reference to the
material condition yet another'
correspondent declares:   <
. "Among the respectable peasants the expenditure of- the
household has gone down ��� by
hundreds, among the poorer ind
disreputable by/ tens of roubles.
The saving to our village.wiii
amount to many thousands of.
roubles, and the country at large
will save millions. With the disappearance of the vodka the efficiency of peasant labor has increased; in addition, the money
which used to be spent on drink
is now employed on economic
improvements. For the Simbirsk
province alone the savings as tbe
result of the,reform are estimated
at from ,$800,000 to ��900,000���a
sum .which used to be annually
spent on drink, with crops of an
average quality. This makes some
98. per head of $ie population, or
about 50s. per family.r'
In a word (to sum up with one
of the Simbirsk correspondents),
"temperance has done a great
Siece1 of work in the villages. It
as introduced peace and tran^
quillity-into-public-life, brought
joy into the families, has raised
the material condition of the peasants, and has ( rendered them
purer, better, more moral. May
this holy, long-desired temperance
for ever remain in the life of the
village!"���A Corespondent in the
Manchester Guardian.
Cor. Broadway Mid Prince Kdwarrt B\
Services���Mornin* Pwer ��t 11 *.m.
Sunday School and tflble eland at it>
Holy Communion every Sunday at 8 a.n.
Evenlnp Prayer at 7:80 p.m.
and 1st and Srd Sunday* at 11  n rr.
Rev. O. H. Wllion. Rector      '
���4*4*******4*************** *4*4*4*4*4*4*****4*4***.**4
Our Vancouver Kipling
Two slips of a rose tree,
Famous and sweet,
Held out by a hawker
For sale in the street.
One bought by a countess,   .
Bejewelled and fair,
And one by a maid,
With a look of despair.
The slip of the countess
, Was planted in time.
With the very best soil,
In the glorious-sunshine;
Was specially tended,       '     ���  ���
Had every care,   ,
And brought forth its blossom
With fragrance so rare.
The slip of the maid
In an alleyway stood,
No sunshine to warm it,
The soil not good.
Its growth was so slow
And its leaves were so small,
Its blossom was tiny, '
* No perfume at all.
And so is the life
Of each mortal today���
The one has the labor,.
The other the play.
The one dwells in mansions,
' Where comforts abound;
The other content
With a bed on the ground.
���W. A. ELLIS.
r " t (
War Bread
U The cheapest aud best all round food during war
time is bread. Tbej^e are other breads, but none
just as delicious and wholesome as Shelly ?s 4 X.
Try it yourself. You will like it, aud you will
always waut it. Phoue Fairmont 44 or ask your
Delivered Paily.        4X fcabel on Every fcoaf.
For Rent & Sale Cards 10c ea. 3 for 25c
ZJI7 Mils Street
Pbone Ftlr. *98
Sontb Vancouver Undertakers .
Hamilton  Bros.
We are foremost in our line for"
Moderate Priced Funerals ;
1271 Frmr strut Pbmi tour n
Four Good Lots at
White Rock, B.C.
203 KINGSWAY        '
���!"�������� ���!' l'*--l- <��� ���!��� !��� ���"���!, -I' ����������& ���!��� ����� ���!��� <��� '!����� -H1 ����� ���!��� ���8"fr;fi'4''lB1 �����!��� -t-t";"!-�����!���-g'-l^I-fr
Ask for
The Health-Giving
Natural Mineral Water
Refuse Substitutes
iS^SJAWSSimmSmmmmm 'S"  Friday, January 29, 1915.  THE WESTERN  CALL  T  ���������*tm$  \im\\\\\wm^  ���������^'^lIlHllKs  OWHA3AN  WASHINGTON.D  I OF AMERICAN IDJ  Located on Pennsylvania A-enn*. 18th and H Strata.  Washington's Mewtct Hot������L  Ideally  situated,  within  two blocks ot the  Executive Man<a  tion. only a ihort walk to the public bait-inn, -ahopa, theaters,  and point* of historical interestyto visitors and tourists.   .  The    famous    Indian    Grill Room, the beautiful Palm Court,1  the delightful Tea Room, Grand Pipe   Organ   lonly  one of  ito  kind  in   Washington),  and an Orchestra of a superfine order,  ���������re attractions greatly appreciated by Powhatan guests.  Rooms with detached bath,   f 1.50, |>.00 and np.'  Rcvms with private  bath.  %tM, $1.00,aad up.  Writs tor booklet with map.   :  CLIFFORD M. LBWIB, .       '  Manager.  tt fcMtl Omln. CijthUhi. IVwrtrt ftiMii.  }  yjllllllllllllllllllHlllillTlTTM  m  i  ������W~K-KKK������*^X^K~:"X������<~>**H^ ***a*aIa*********4***********  1 ^ N   . *  Use Puel Oil  and Save  :  If yoju are interested in reducing yonr Fuel Bill,  see us. We are .saving money for others, and can"  do the same for you. /  ~ .  We supply and install Fuel Oil Plants., of all  descriptions. We do not advocate a cheap plant,  but we,can satisfy you when results are considered.  We have a large number of plants now in operation in hotels, office buildings, apartment houses,  schools and colleges.   ���������  Puel Oil Equipment Company  LIMITED  713 Pacific Bldg.     Phone Sey. 3727 . Vancouver, B. C.  i  ���������  %  t  %  %  t  "    X, XX _S&*1  - \   -..   ��������� -4  XfXX  ���������* j/< s-   X  it  *    1  '  **************������4*4***4*4+*+4+*+****4*4*****4*4******+*****4***************4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4  Our Vancouver Industries  s  ������������������������������������������������������+���������*<  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^���������������������������������������������������*<*������*e������������������,<#>i������������������������������������*������ti,������>������������������s������s3|  I'C  <i  <&  ^'ji  'j   -"\  yyykyjjyyykyjjjykyyjyjjwii^  .X,v:x^x?^������;$i  ��������� i...-:���������l< ��������� _y.:s7* i-.j rMj ;fV r'~\m  ������������������������������������>'.: ���������A/.s..:'f;':^''V'w3.'ttt(,f:Jl  y^"MW'jmj-y{mmm  j'yy.mykkk0ymi0jm  j,ymjfyyyy^^^  ���������:; ���������;*. V^;'- V V* VXXX^XXsvX%4M  ��������� ../;iv'vV.V.^;/":;!j'.:^^  ;'vv '>��������� ������������������-'.'���������.' ���������,'������������������>���������:���������'.' ���������: ������������������ 'vF^ v-^v4&L?&iit^&mM  ������������������ v>s ���������:������������������ .-���������/������������������; '<������������������>��������� :f-;:;* >:���������' Vii^a^v^^Ss^iMs  FACTORY OP J. LFCKIE & CO.  v- '^^^^^m^^mmm  <>4^'^<'4'<'4''^,>C,4'4,4^HMW,'>^^4'4''>'>^^>><,<,<-^XK������^XS^  I '4f������}M^^>HwH"^'t"^'^^'4"^^^^^^H^������C"{^'^���������������������������.���������^^<���������^<���������%���������^"X^<"^c~^^  5  x*  ^__-9-H_iC^  ?( CI    l|"������   ii  jj D   *L* OJ  Are you going to  wear this winter?  ?  i  Leckie's,  Why  of Course  And I am going to see that my wife buys them  for THE BOYS too. T,hey are the best to   wear and are macleinVancouver.  *.tt"l-***Al~\W&******^  %****���������>**'  30,000 square feet of, factory space where more than 3Q0 machines  ancj 125 hands are turning out 125 pairs of shoes per day.  Present possible output 1000 pairs per day. '  *4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4+4+4+4+4*4*4*4*4***4*4*444**+*4*4***********4*4***4*4***********************4*4*4  ' THt WPWE IN NEPATO, THE .lANGUAGP OF TW GUHKHAS ���������  e*******^******)**)***************************9******',;  Phone Seymour 8171  STOREY & CAMPBELL  '  518-520 BEATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggins, etc.  ���������:  A larjce stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BlJCfdlES,  WAQQNS, Etc.  Leather ot all kinds;    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  t importers of Leather Goods in B. (Q.  ���������jX' WHOLESALE AND RETAIL;  ! ������4i4*4*+*****>******+&  *y*4*4*4*4*4***4******+*+4+4+4������4*******4*4*********4*  FLOUR IS CHEAP  98 lb; Sack for       -      '/     -       -  -    $3.50 ���������  WE OITARANTEE THIS TO BE NO. 1 I_BEAD FLOUE.  (     Only a Pew Sacks Left.   Order at Once.  We have just received a carload of Shuswap Timothy  Hay.   This hay is fresh and green and equal to Idaho.  Qur Poultry Supplies are a revelation! We welcome your  enquiries.  FmTm Vernon   '  fhnesFalnnBt.878-186 255IrMiwiyEtsl  ���������'capital.    Thus it is news of no  l+++++4***4***4*4*4*4+4+4+4+4*4********************* ********************************************4*******h  TOT 3IBLE fQH TOT  QUfrSSAS.  The famous Gurkha troops, who  are now fighting in the British  line on the battlefields of France,  are recruited from the Indian  army out of the independent  kingdom of Nepal. This long,  narrow land, lying right in the  heart of the Himalayas among  snowy mountain peaks averaging  10,000 to 18,000 feet, has been  dominated by the Gurkhas ever  since the latter half of the  eighteenth century, but is inhabited also by tribes of different  origin. The Gurkhas are a Rajput race, coming originally from  Rajputana. Strictly speaking,  only the inhabitants of the central e division of Nepal can be  described by the term Gurkha;  and even, the title is used geographically rather than ethnically, since besides Gurkhas,  Nepal includes various almost  Mongol tribes, mixed Aryo-  Mongol tribes, and some aboriginal Indian people. The total  population is estimated at five  millions! To all intents Nepal is  preserved strictly for the; Ne-  palese, much in the same? way that  the neighboring state of Tibet  keeps its doors* closed against  foreigners. By treaty right, Great  Britain maintains a Resident and  his attendant medical officer at  the Nepalese court in Katmandu;  but not even these high-placed officials are allowed to move freely  about the. country, except in the  immediate   neighborhood   of   the  +4* ���������������������������������������������+������������������������������������������>���������>��������� ��������������������� ���������������*-���������������������������-���������������������������������>���������������  *4*******4*+*4***4������4 small moment that   .-the    whole  ;. .. -.    .    '    .  ���������_���������    ���������    ;������������������������������������;   ^.' ���������'-';���������;������������������ '������������������'   /X^X^iX ^"^ X- X������X: VVlX?V  -"-���������-��������� -.'-:- '-���������'.'   '���������'-      V '^.VL^i:^'|;?Xjfc'ffiVv^X^V:>X2-  X     - Aiif. -���������   ��������� ��������� ���������'.-' ���������������������������  ���������      ���������  :Xe!M������MSfefe���������^ ���������-' '���������������������������.������������������  Biblp in "Nepali" is in print,and  will shortly be published by the  Bible Society for that remarkable  and spirited people.  A Military Bace.  The Gurkhas resemble the  Japanese, in size and build, but  are rather more thickset in limb.  They make excellent, soldiers,  ever cool,, resourceful and doggedly tenacious in battle. War  rouses them to. enthusiasm, but  not. to excitability.. The history  of the Indian army records many  dashing deeds of arms in which  the Gurkha is the hero. There is  plenty of hearty cheerfulness  about the Gurkhas, and they are  free both from the fault-finding  spirit and the false spirit which  spoil some good fighting material  in India. Since the bulk of the  Gurkhas are soldiers, much attention is paid to military matters.^  There is a Nepalese standing  army, which isXaiiously reckoned at from 30 to 50,000 men,  forined on the European system,  and similarly drilled and officered ; also a reserve containing  about 70,000 men. In addition to  its own army, Nepal supplies  splendid soldiers, numbering  about 20,000, to the British Indian  army. The invaluable services  rendered by/the Gurkhas to the  British at the time of the Indian  Mutiny have become a matter of  history. They are already winning a name in the present war.  Gurkhas show much appreciation  for our own race, especially for  the Highland regiments, with  whom they are.usually brigaded.  a primitive form of Hinduism.  Among some of the tribes in  Nepal a mixture of Hinduism and  Buddhism is prevalent. As already indicated, Christian missions are not permitted to establish themselves in the country.  But no embargo has been placed  upon that silent yet most effective messenger, the Holy Scriptures, in Nepali. Moreover, the  Nepalis are a pushing people, and  many of them cross into British  territory, find employment in the  tea plantations, or settle as farmers. There are Nepali villages in  Assam, far up the Brahmaputra  River. In fact, there are people  who speak Nepali, and who will  use the Nepali Bible, from east of  Simla to west of the Brahmaputra.  The Story of the Version.  Rather more than a century  ago the Serampore missionaries  first set forth to render the New  Testament  into  Nepali,  and the  help translated the remainder  from Galatians onwards. Five  years later, Mr. Turnbull was  obliged to return to Scotland, but  the "pandit" continued his work,  at the charges of the Bible Society and under the direction of  the Rev. R. Kilgour, also of the  Church of Scotland Mission at  Darjeeling, the proofs being sent  ;to Mr. Turnbull for correction.  Under these conditions the complete New Testament in Nepali  was published by the Bible Society in 1902.  How the Gospel Penetrates Into  Nepal.  Although no Christian mission  is permitted to enter Nepal, many  copies of God's Word in Nepali  have crossed the border in the  hands of native traders and  travellers, who pass backwards  and forwards, over the frontier  between that country and the  north of British India/   In this  result of their labors was printed way, and by means of sales on  in 1821; But this version never  had any wide circulation. Other  translations of the earlier books  of the New Testament also appeared from 1850 onwards. Before 1877, the Rev? W. Macfar-  lane, pioneer of the Church of  Scotland Mission, had begun systematic translation, aided by a  "pandit," Ganga Prashad Prad-  ham,. and various portions were  published by the mission at  Darjeeling. In 1893 the Bible  Society undertook to issue a  fresh version. The Rev. A. Turn-  bull began to revise the books  which had been already issued  the Darjeeling side, the Nepali  Scriptures have won a considerable circulation; indeed, our society has already issued 120,000  copies.  In Conclusion we draw attention to the importance of the  Nepali Bible for Christians who  speak the language. In the Eastern Himalayas Mission of the  ���������Church of. Scotland there are  about 6,000 Christians, many of  whom are Nepalis. Thus the  Bible will play a vital part in  building up the faith of those  -.vho already belong to the Church  of Christ. ���������'' The   Bible   in   the  The religion of the Gurkhas is and . with   the  same   "pandit's"i World." 8  ���������THE WESTERN  CALIi  Frid-ay, Jaimary 29;vl9i5V;  ^������������������������������������.������* ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������;*���������>���������������������������������������������������������������������<>���������������������������  * <��������� 4  ;��������� *  .. ������. ,.  m ������:��������� 4  ..  ->  .:t ���������  H.  ^ 4  A Group of Swiss Guides fp^ tl^v-,  Canadian Rockies.  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������>���������*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������*������>��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  THE WAR-ITS MEANING TO CANADA AND CIVILIZATION  (Continued from Page Four)  ���������+���������������������������������������������������������������������������,+������������������������������������������������������.���������������������������������������������������������������  keeping our sotesia;obligations.inVthft:discharge  of a binding trnjit- lhd; ar shameless subserviance  to naked force that we threw away the scabbard.  We dp not repent our decision." So said Asquith, and so says every man who names the  name of Britain.  Germany's Humbug of an-Sacuse.  ,Therecis*not space left to enquire into.the  events that preceded the 4th of August, into  ;the merits of the quarrel *6f Austria, with Servia,  and, of Germany, with Russia and France: The  enquiry is important. It would have .been a lot  more important; though, if Germany had kept  her hands off Belgium. When the pro-German  ^looks at that mangled country and tells, us what  was her offense and why she should he ravished  hy a giant, when he answers tbat, we will listen  to the rest, of his argument. iHe'll never get to  it, hut if he does it will not sound much better.  Here is Austria and Austria's ultimatum, with  Germany standing by; over.there is Servia and  Servia's reply. You have read the documents.  You have measured the combatants. And-when  you see strength and insolence on one side and  weakness and humiliation on the other, it is not  usually hard to locate right and wrong. Germany  said, "Leave the giant and the dwarf alone to  light this out. The giant is my partner." "Not  while I live," said Russia. "Servia must do  right; she must atone her wrong, if wrong there  he, hut she must not be crushed." Britain took  no side. She promised no support. . She Exhausted every resource to secure conciliation*  What then, is the charge against her?. That she  should have stood in shining armor beside Ger-,  many^ and-threatened Russia with war if- she-  dared protect her little Slav neighbor? "And  because you didn't," says Germany, "we hold  you guilty of all this bloodshed���������even the butchery of Belgium!" Imagine the apostles of  culture solemnly pressing such humbug on the  world. ,  ' "Oh," they tell us, "we were all the time  exercising mediator/ influences with Austria."  Were they? Were they? Why, then, don't they  publish the messages? Not a line that passed  from Berlin to ViennaXippears in the German  White Book.  The East Measure of Our Worth.  While the war lasts let us keep these facts  alive and lighted in our minds. Surely if we are  men, we need no other incentive. XDpn!t forget  the facts of the White Book, and Gariadians will  do their duty. I haven't the presumption to  teach duty here. The best manhood of Canada  has gone in thousands to the front, and those  behind are doing well their part. What a time  this is'to live through! It seems ithe focus of  ���������* both eternities. For the balance of our lives the  best measure of our worth will be how we behaved iti the war.      ''"   XX...:;.X'.XXx ���������������������������/���������  We are in the vortex. We are in right, and  we are sure to win unless half of US dream we  are out. We rely upon ourselves. All soldiers  must. We pay tribute of respect, of gratitude,  of confidence to our brave allies, to the historic  valor of France, to the resistless zeal of Russia,  to the long tried fidelity of Japan and to. -the  deathlessglory of. Belgian arms. Those allies in  Europe' have borne the brunt, but our share is-  growing bigger, and we will keep it growing.  We Britishers rely on the sailors and soldiers of  Britain, on the great men who command her  forces both on land and sea, and in the halls of  state���������efficiency at every post. We rely on that  unity that has amazed our foes, on the spirit of  sacrifice abroad now as never before, that proves  the mettle of our people. We rely op the British  fleetV the bulwark of our strength. We pin our  faith to British pluck.  No Compromise; Win or Oo D;own.  The foe that faces us is the Diggest that ever  confronted a nation, or a combination of. nations,:  ' and we must win or go down. There can be no  compromise.    A  compromise- would  be  a  sin  ' attest. twelves and our children, against civi-  liigti^'i^lf;' The call is for men and money,  bui; chief ly men. That call is> in the ear of every  heir to British liberty.   Canada is doing well. '^ '  XC^ada.'s Government is loaded with unwonted responsibilities. I do not desire here to  extol or defend it, but if we know our duty we  will bend every energy, to this struggled - AH  other functions of government we must still perform, but this is first. The lives of our sons we  hold sacred. ��������� Of their wealth we are only, trustees. But in this great crisis we can spare  neither to achieve success. Befqre any failure on  our part *^ expose the common pause to peril  we are prepared to bankrupt this country. 0,  ItVis too soon to try to measure the Vesuljts  of%,w^ifpeHhis. Some will weigh the legacy  of. hatred and recrimination, the load of debt and  death1; and find even in victory a balance of i\\.  Others see a humanity purged of the demon of  militarism, softened by misfortune, purified by  suffering, and they find a satisfying preponderance of good.. There can he little advantage in  trying to" value an unpurchased future. The  future will be just what we make it���������what we  earn.. Now is, the time for toil, for bloody sweat,  for'courage and good cheer. It is a time to take  inspiration from the * memory of our fathers,  from, .the example of our million, brothers who  line the battle front���������a time for each man to  judge not his fellow, but to sternly judge himself.. .We may pass down through the valley of  the shadow. But we battle for the undoubted  right���������and _if we see thatjnight spiings^tOhe.  side, of right, for that js^bur charge, that the  world's, muscle is behind justice and good faith  *in; a war with selfish aggression���������then we can  finishjwell a stupendous work, and_count our inheritance in terms more blisful than the past  has known.  THE WAR  (Continued from Page One)  mania by the Bank of England against Roumanian treasury certificates. It is understood  that London' will also finance the Allies on a  gigantic loan guaranteed by the three great  powers.  Germany, it is understood, is facing financial  difficulties and the big financiers are predicting  a collapse by May or June; this year. But then  things may not pan out the way the financiers  want, and we would remind the money bags that  this is one war that occurred without their consent being asked, and it will goon to a finish in  spite of all they can do, even if Kitchener has  to go through the London money bags as the  Kaiser has gone, through those in Germany. The  war will v continue until Prussia and her war  lords are subdued: or exterminated and peace  Will be: signed at Berlin on the Allies' terms,  ; with orwithout the^consent of any other nation.  ^^^W&ag^U^ A  (Continued from Page One)  line of industry serving, practical purposes.  These orders must largely come to the U. S. as  the only country able to make rapid enough delive������#y\whichis essential inr war times; and already, specialized factories throughout the 'ciouh-  ..t^.'arft^brking twenty-four hours a dayV on  war ordfers.' Soon this will be the rule and not  the "exception. V  And,' in conclusion, as the old time preacher  would say, sane legislation on currency has put  the U. S. beyond the reach of panics. All of  which the -'Western Call" hopes will come true  ���������but, Uncle Sam, there is an old story in which  Faust sold himself to Satan and had a good time  till; the .bond was called. 'X;  v4*4*4+4*j-+*J**4*'4**i*4.*j***^  4\>  >>  4*  4 *  I*  I**  * r *  < >  i*  4  <>  4*  <>  I'll  * r *  ��������� >  4*  ��������� >  4*  < >  "    "    ���������  4*    **    i  tt  **********>**********4*************4****+**********-k*4*4*4*4*4***4*4*4**l  O 4  <���������   4*  I!  ���������  kr  .  >  4*  . >  4>  4*  < i  ...  . i  ������������  ��������� >  ��������� ������  4*  > >  ��������� >  ���������������  . i  **  V**  ������������  ��������� (  >  4*  <������  . >  4*  ..  ..  4*  Let Us Furnish the Homet6lje���������>  LOW PRICES ������������������ "^-~ EASY TERMS  THE GARDNER-BROWNE  Big Furniture Sale  The Sale of the Year  Continues Unabated.   Our Prices Get the  Business.  In making these prices on our whole stock we have slaughtered  all profits and are giving the public of Vancouver High Grade Furniture at Factory Prices, as we must reduce our stock befpre stocktaking. Many have taken advantage of this great price cutting sale.  Have you? If not there is still time, for this coming, week we are  going to give you bigger and. better bargains than ever. If you are  in need of furniture or rugs we want you to* be sure and get our  prices before buying as we can save you money.   Our motto is:  THE BEST VALUE FOR THE LEAST MONEY.  ������  Don't Forget This Sale. ^  The Gardner-Browne Furniture Co., Limited  *   1 COMPLETE HOME FURNISHERS  673-675 GRANVILLE ST. Opposite Hudson's Bay  ��������� ��������� t***4*4*4*4*4************+****************************4*4*4*4***********t !' ;  . >  f  < >  t       *        .���������        .  ,       4.  ������������������ ��������������� o      >        <>        .  ,       4.  <>   **   4*  "        <   .        4.   ���������  I ���������       .i       4.  4 ��������� o  ,   . ��������� 4.  .������   *   4*   '  ..   ..   '*  ..    ,      ���������'  ..   ,,   O  ������ .    .i    '���������  "   **   I*     - .   ,t>4*  ;x.o  ;x.j.  ,i ,, ������������������  O    4.    ������.     ..     4.    ���������������  .  .       ,,       "  ..     ..    O     >4   4*   *,  .. .. 4  ��������� ���������     ���������������  <���������>:>*  ;x>41  <. <.  ������*   4>   ..  ..   t, .,   i  ���������������    4*   J  i .     < .  O   4*  '4   4.  : "  : ������>  > 1*4*4*4*4*4*4********* ************************************4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4~  >****4*4������ -\ ,  *4*4*4*4*4*************4.-^>.  r>+*+4+4+4+4+******************4*. (  BURNS ANNIVERSARY CONCERT  >    i.   i _ ���������       ������������������  ,*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*************************************^***4*4***********4********l  1 Admirers of -Jlobert Burns thronged the Imperial Theatre Koncbjr night. The benefit concert held by the -United Scottish Societies was  one of the best Scottish entertainments this city  haa known. The Clan ajaclean pipe band, despite war's demands, was out in farce, the service khaki in which they appeared adding iro-  pressivedess to the martial music furnished by  the braw lads. Ht. Wi Thomson, wbo presided,  was very happy in bis opening remarks an^d paid  glowing tribute to Scotland's most famed and  best loved poet. Mr^ Robert Burns Hutchinson,  great-grandson of tbe poet, was very warmly  received and expressed his,pleasure at being  present. Mr. P.-G. A. Montgomery sang "My  Jjove is kike a Bed, Bed Rose..? in fine style, and  Miss ftose Parsons^ gave another Burns number  most acceptably in "Ye Banks and Braes." The  chairman's warning against recalls was effective  untirMrXT. Stuart Tair played oneof Mackenzie  Murdoch's arrangement,of Scotch airs upon the  violin. Mr- Tait then gave a. fine rendition of  "Auld Jtobin.Gray;" followed by a lively air  which "heartened "the music lovers greatly.  Mr. H. J. Cave well sustained his reputation in  Burns' war song, "Gae Bring Ntae Me a Pint o'  Wine," and further 'delightett his auditors with  "Macgregor's Gathering.", Miss May Keith, a  winsome maid of six yeats, in Highland costume,  captivated the audience with a patriotic song.  "Just Like Bein' af Haiiie.!' -������this wee lassie is  truly musical and quite, artistic. "The Star IT  Bobbie Burns" and "Whistle and I'll Come tae  Ye My Lad" were artistically sung by Mrs. W.  W. Robertson, accompanied by Mr. Paterson.  The Misses Anna and Laura Macrae and Masters  William and Robert Nicol, keeping time to Piper  Donald Macivor's tuneful piping, were superb  exponents of Highland dancing. As a Scottish  comedienne, Miss Jean Cameron made a decided  hit. In "Sons 6' Bonnie Scotland" and "Scots  Wha Hae,"' Mr. J.'VA: .Macfadyen's powerful  baritone called forth well .deserved plaudits. For  " Memories of VBurhs, ���������' a violin arrangement of  his own, Mr. W. W. Robertson received a hearty  encore, to which he responded with a violin imitation of the"pipes. The very popular Miss Ella  Walker sang "A Hundred Pipers''in applause  compelling 'style,'- and .upon recall, gaye the  charming ballad, V'DaeYeMindVUpon the Time"  in her inimitable way. Mir: X). J. Robertson  Cairns, as an elocutionists was most effective in  Burns' great "Tam o' Shantier."' Mr. John Macleod, Gaelic tenor, accompanied by the accomplished pianist of the Gaelic Society. Mrs. M.  Ogilvie, seemeji to carry his hearers ito the  highest pinacles in his song, "Chi mi na Mor-  bheanna" ("Hail to theXMighty Bens"), and  pleased greatly with two other fine numbers in  the language of Eden. Mr. Harry Fray gave  Scottish airs on the concerting, and when called  back, played a varied'imitation of chiming bells,  ending with a faithful reproduction of a pipe  organ in the church. "Sandy Macpherson,"  Scotch comic, provided abundant amusement of  a   tuneful  kind. :^^J^i^me.:���������V-L'iil.iaIl_ vI)avie,  in  "Angus Macdonald" and "Will Ye No* Com?  Back Again," was rapturously applauded, an4  was the recipient of final floral tributes.   Mr.  Andrew Mile, A.R.C.N., was, as always, an. ujeal!  accompanist.   The great audience showed their  hearty appreciation of the kindness of all tha  artistes in freely giving of their best for benevo-.i  lent purposes.,   "Auld Lang  Syne", and  tbe'  National Anthem brought the finflt concert under,  the auspices' of the United Scottish Societies, to  a fitting and happy conclusion. ��������� X  TP 4ITNPY WIS $8$U0N  (Continued from Page One)  profits of the jitney drivers.   No seat, no pay,  should now tie the, slogan throughout the city. '���������  Third: An- indemnity bond for each jitney  ownerseeras-to- be the formTthat the" public de-"  mands for a responsible owner of every vehicle  that carries passengers.. This, of course, is  amply provided by the huge investment owned  by our local car company, so that the recourse  at law for any damages arising out of injuries  can always be had at once.  So in some way it must be established in our  jitney traflic if this mode of travel is to continue. Otherwise the public are harnessed with  an irresponsible lot of highway pirates who will  pick our bones at any price and with no comeback on the part of the injured for any kind of  carelessness of which the jitney driver may be  ���������guilty." ';X; ,.\ .  Los Angeles has made this bond $10,000 and  the other coast cities are rapidly falling into line.  The B. C. E. R.> like other human institutions, has not been and te not free from faults  and errors of. management. But there has been  an enormous outlay of British capital in this  great-undertaking on the, strength of the franchise granted by our people, and the demand  for fair play for the B. C. E. R. is growing. And\,}  yet this feeling inust not be the basis for any  unjust action towards the new method, of travel,  otherwise there would be an end to all improvements. We see the day coming when most of  our passenger traffic will be alongf jitney lines  with aeroplanes; for long distances. V What we  ^ask for now is regulation for the new in, justice  to the older form of. traffic and with due regard  for public convenience and safety.: X  +********4*k4*****************4*4*4*4*  V '���������.���������.'".    "���������   ;' ' V:',. . ������������������ "���������:'-'-' ' .:-"-���������'���������   - -.   ..-  Business men who advertise are at least enterprising. , They spend money to let you'know  they want your trade.. And when business men  say they want your trade, they will try to  satisfy those who trade with them.  ". ���������.4*4*****4*et'***i4f^^^  -.u


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