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The Western Call 1914-12-04

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 Ixix;  XV:,X";4,:  <*  v^^^^^^^&^^^W^^^KM  Subscribe for  The Western Call  "    Today  See Advt.  on Back Page and  Act To-Day  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  VOLUME VI.  VANCOUVER. British Columbia, DECEMBER. 4. 1914  5 Cento Per Copy  No. 90  Lloyd George's Awful Indictment of the Kaiser  [The Political Pot Boiling���������Why Not Make Great Northern Railway Terminals An Issue at the Polls  iScience^Ancient and Modern~A Stiiidy in Dates and Doctrines-^Pajie 4  1L0Y0 GEORGE'S GREAT SPEECH  Lloyd George's speech at the great meeting  theld in The City Temple, London and which we  tpublish in full today presents a climax in the life  wi this remarkable man.    Here the man, who  frisked his whole political career and oftentimes  |jiis life, in opposing the Boer War, champions the  .ause declaring thatto have kept neutral would  javesgelt for Great Britain eternal and complete  lisgrace. .,������ ---xx  Sir W. Robertson Nicpll, editor of the British  [eekly introducing'���������the speaker,  went further  paying: . _ -':,-v^.  '' The Devil would hive counselled neutrality,  jut-'JChrist has put flip,sword into our hands."  The kaiser seems to halve made possible the.re-  ferudescense of belief in a personal Devil���������even  Ita high Non-conformist quarters.   Lloyd George  Wii   ' ��������� ���������_  .  lid:  "It is a great Wrench for most of us who have  firing the whole of our lives been fighting against  lilitarism to be driven by irresistible force of conscience tp support a war. I should say that all  )f us belong to that section of the population of  " "country whose'tradition has for generations  iieen one of consistent inveterate resistance to the  lea of war as a means of settling disputes between nations. (Cheefis). I think this, is the  jcond meeting I'have ever addressed in my life  In support of wair. I have addressed scores and  ktandreds against war, and prep������ratioi������B for war.  ptbre"cheers.).-; 'V-    ���������'-���������x' /X   ���������������������������  I recollect a meeting which I adressed wit)i iny  JfiHend Dr. Clifford^ iu opposition. to a war, but  Is was not as peaceable a 'jrawtfoJF**this���������(laugh-  |er}*-by ttp means as unanimous.. Jt wad' a meet-  mg convened; to; support exactly the name principle, the principle of oj^^ to the ideal that  ���������reat and powerful Empires ought to have the  ight to use their might to crush small nationalities; We might have been right, we might have  j������een wrong, but the principle which has drawn  ie to resist even our own country is the one that  iss brought me here tonight to support my country. (Cheers;) *  This is a terrible war. It is a horrible war. All  rars are horrible. WHhin the last few days ifi  las been my privilege to meet one of the greatest  Senerals in the French army, and to talk to him of  lis experiences in the war, and what he had witnessed���������the carnage, the wear, the terror���������and  )e said to me, "The roan who is. responsible for  (his war haa the soul of a devil" (Cheers,) That  frame from the heart of one of the greatest strategists in the French army, which has been fighting ^  pj*i;hreiEr mbnth������X ^"���������-���������f ���������   ��������� ~-~-^ -^:  -  No Deigns on Germany.  "The man who is responsible." Who js respon-  gible ? Not Great Britain; Britain was only armed  for defence. (Cheers.) jjad we meditated a war <  >f aggression against anybody, do you think we  Should have to improvise ah array after the war  IVeganT We were not equipped for a war of aggression; not even against a military power of  khe third rank. We were prepared for defence  [.gainst all the military powers of the world put  together. (Loud cheers.) We had no army for  continental warfare. I could tell you more than  I hat. We have raised altogether hundreds of  thousands of men who have volunteered ���������  I Cheers) ��������� don't forget this���������for the honor of  [mr native land. It is the greatest voluntary  |>rmy that the world has ever raised, and in a few  lonths we shall double it (Cheers.)  But this is what I want to impress upon everyone.   Had this been an aggressive war we could  lot have raised one-tenth of that number.   When  lb.is war broke out we were on better terms with  iJermany than we had been for 15 years.   There  kas^not a man in the Cabinet who thought that  'ar with Germany was a. possibility under present  |_������nditions.   Our relations had improved.   There  ras not a diplomatic cloud over the German Ocean  |Ve habored ho designs against Germary.   We  ieditated no quarrel with Germany.   As the Lord  hreih, we had entered in no conspiracy against  jrermany.    (Cheers).   We were not envying her  fo-lonies.    We are in this war from motives of  liirest chivalry to defend the weak.   (Cheers.)  Britain is hot responsible for this war. and  Shank God for that. (Cheers.) Who is respon-  iblef Not France. The Government of France  rks essentially a pacifist government. The  Trench people abhorred the idea of war, and the  government shared to the full their horror. Not  Trance. Not Russia. (Cheers.)' Why, it is an es-  jntialpart of the German case that Russia would  (lot be ready for war for three years. (Laughter.)  ['hat is their boast; that is why they attacked  ier.    Then Russia could not have provoked the  rar.  Read and-read again the dispatches of our ambassador at Vienna. The quarrel ostensibly was between Austria and Russia.   Sir Edward Grey labored anxiously for peace.   No man could have  corked harder than he did for peace, and if there  XXX -  is bloodshed there is not a stain of blood upon Sir  Edward Grey's hand. He sugegsted a European  conference to discuss these matters <  "Tht VuHurt Q*������r Belgium."  - XGel^ny^s������i<lX"'Don't^^ thmlTir^^ld hT  better for Austria and Russia to talk th������, matter  over amongst themselves.  We are only suggesting  the best way of settling this dispute."  Sir Edward Grey said, "Yes; that seems a very  sensible idea-" Russia and Austria met. They  were actually discussing, matters among3t themselves and getting on admirably, so admirably,  that Germany got alarmed. She declared war on  Russia, and. although the dispute was ost"hsiUy  between Russia and Austria, it was only six days  afterwards that war was declared between Russia  and Austria., and that was because Germany had  already started, not Russia.  Belgium or .Servia? Did the poor, victim of  the bird of prey, did it really commence hostilities! Now, look back and see what happened.  You can see Austria hovering like a hawk over  the Balkan fields, and if you are country bred  you. won't be long before is swoops down and  some poor helpless creature will be quivering in  its talons.  The vulture had been hanging over Belgium  for some time. tWe know that now. We made  a mistake. It soared so high that even the most  discerning falcon might, have made a mistake���������  thought it was pouncing on a rabbit, and fell on  a hedgehog���������(loud laughter and cheers/���������bleeding and sore ever since. (Cheers.) We know  now that it would have been malevolent to suspect the counsellors of Germany whilst professing  peace, whilst pretending goodwill, in cold blood,  with malice-aforethought, had intended, planned,  organized wholesale the murder of peaceable  neighbours, had even arranged the date to suit  themselves ��������� (laughter) ���������a date when, they  thought, their neighbours would be quite unprepared to defend their lives and their homes.  If this wanton deed of premeditated treachery  against humanity is to pass unchallenged by the  nations of the world, then let us admit' that civilization is a failure, that the sceptre of right is  broken, and that force���������brute force���������is once moce  enthroned amongst the nations.  Britain's Justification.  It may be said that it is not enough to prove  that Germany is in the wrong. We have to justify Great Britain in embarking on a gigantic war  (Continued on Page 4)  TWIBW50TION.  The city political pot is boiling, and from the  early speeches tbe campaign will be full of interest. ��������� ';.. . ' , ' .'  ^XThe Civic Reform-Association- is ii the field"  early, and sets forth the broad assertion that our  city has been brought low by graft and extravagance.  ...    ;'���������' V         ���������?  Whether they can prove these propositions remains to be seen. In the first engagement between the contending forces, held in Kitsilano,  Mayor Baxter valiantly defended the present administration, and rather damaged the artillery of  his opponents, Dr. Fraser and "Fighting Joe"  Martin.. Administration supporters declare that  the Mayor had the best of it, but Civic Reformers  claim a draw.  No campaign, with "Fighting Joe" in it, can  be tame, but we hope that some greater theme  than the thread-worn Civic Reformiers' charge of  graft and corruption will be taken up.  We suggest that the question of the Great Northern terminals construction be raised at this  time. During the existence of the coming Council the five-year term granted the Great ^Northern  Railroad to finish terminal construction, will end.  Not one stone has been laid yet. The Western  Call vehemently opposed the byrlaw granting concessions to the'G. N. R., and pointed out how the  railroad would accept the city's gift and give little in return ��������� until it suited them. This has  come true, and it would be worthy of "Fighting  Joe" if he would devote his energies to this great  task of bringing the G. N. R. to book, as he  brought the greater C. P. R. to book in Manitoba.   ���������  LATEST  Rome, Dec. 4.���������Insurrection is reported to have broken out in Tripoli  and Italy has sent a note warning:  Turkey that the limit has been  reached. Italy is on the of verge joining the Allies.  Paris, Dec. 4.-���������Serious battle is in  progress in upper Alsace.  Petrograd, . Dec. 4.���������The general  staff claim that the battle now raging round Lodz, is a gigantic success  for the Russian forces, tempered by  the most desperate fighting, on the  part of the Qermans, to extricate  themselves. %  THE WAR  Christian DeWet has been captured. This is  for Great Britain'the greatest triumph of the  w;eek���������morally. What shall be done .with this  traitor is now one of the live questions of the  day. It is esasy enough to say "Shoot him" or  "Hang him," but we venture to say that all concerned would be better pleased if DeWet had  shot himself.  The Krupp works at Essen have been bombarded by the Allies, and the daring birdmen who accomplished this feat escaped untouched. So at  least the Berlin wireless announces. There is no  announcement yet on this striking incident from  the Allies.  The Grand Duke Nicholas and the Kaiser's men  in the East hold the world's interest to the exclusion of almost all else.  That a death grapple is now in progress in  Poland has become abundantly evident. The failure of General Rennenkampp to get his forces into position'in time, is blamed for the loss of what .  seemed to be an almost overwhelming triumph for  the Russians. '  German reports insist that their forces have  not only extricated themselves from .being surrounded butthat they have now resumed the offensive, and from Flanders comes the news that  the Kaiser is depleting the western front to aid  General Von Hindenburg in Poland.  On the other  hand, the Russijuia seem satisfied that the Qerman  advance has been definitely checked and that the  Russian strategic position in Poland is highly satisfactory. In Galicia the Russian forces are everywhere victorious.  The capital'of Bukovina, Czer-'  nowitz, has been occupied;  Przemysl, Austria's  strongest fortress, is at her last gasp, and Cracow  np^ially^tii^tm^df'^ The lest despatches note .  that the Russians have taken Wieliczka, which is  only three miles from the outer fortifications of  Cracow, which, if confirmed, would seem to indicate that Cracow will not be defended.   South of  the Carpathians the Russians have taken Bartfeld,  capturing eight officers, 1200 men and six machine  guns.  In the west the Allies are more' than holding  their own. On the right bank of the Moselle, Les  Meuils has been occupied; in the Vosges Mountains Tete de Faux has been captured, and over  in Alsace a new French line has been established,  comprising Aspach, the gridge of Aspach and  Burnhaupt. General Joffre announced to the Alsatians, amidst wild cheering, that Alsace was now  forever French. Metz, the great German stronghold, has not ye$ been attacked, but it looks as if  General Joffre held such positions as might quickly-endanger the whole German linein-France and ���������  Belgium when the Allies choose.to advance. That  a forward move is now generally anticipated has  bfen apparently confirmed by the advent in  France of King George. His presence in the  trenches greatly cheered the men, and it is now  intimated that hjs stay in France may be prolonged. All attacks in Flanders this week have  been successfully repulsed and the German naval*  base at Zeebrugge again destroyed by our ships.  This time the electric machinery controlling the  opening and shutting of the canal gates were put  out of business, and the German submarines shut  up indefinitely.  The Australian contingent has been landed in  Egypt under advice of Lord Kitchener, as the  camp life in British winter climate after a tropical voyage and from the sub-tropical climate of  Australia, would not be conducive to the best  health interests of the men.  It is announced that the canal zone is held by  sufficient strength to ensure absolute safety to  canal and shipping.  SOUTH VANCOUVER.  Once again a campaign of lies and defamation  ^has begun in our unfortunate Municipality.  The accusation publicly brought forward on  platform and in the press that the Council had  repeatedly endeavored to use the funds, set apart  for park purposes by special by-laws, in other  directions, and only restrained from doing so by  threat of legal action, was definitely denied by  the entire Council, with the exception of Councillor Thomas, who had been quoted as authority  for said statements.  It is now up to South Vancouver to be, once  more, hoodwinked by the spellbinders who are as  careless of the truth as the lily of the morrow, as  to once for all put them and their comrades in  political graves. w .  We believe the good sense of this community  will prevail.  GERMAN WAR LOAN $1,250,000,000.  Reichstag With Only'One Dissenting Vote Passes  Large War Credit.  Berlin, Dec 2���������With only one dissenting vote,  that of Herr Liebknecht, the Reichstag today voted  a new war credit of 5,000,000.000 marks ($1,250,-  000,000). THE WESTERN CALL.  Friday, December 4, 1914  i">.  Do It Now!!  Your Xmas  Shopping will be a  pleasure if done at  BINGHAM'S  Fancy Stationery  in *  Boxes-       -  25c to $3.50  Brass Goods, Manicure Sets,  Neckwear, Fancy Boxed  Braces, Kid Gloves, Fancy  Hosiery.  A Dress a Very Acceptable Gift!  A Down Comforter Ihe same  Think of a Bissell  Carpet  Sweeper.  Boots and Slippers  always  please.  -w  *******w***************<~>*******^  *  *  %  *  *  *  I *  *.'^.^*****^^f*******l******>\*%\*******************^  SNIDER BROS. & BRETHOUR, CONTRACTORS  A Swell Umbrella for  either Lady or Gentleman  TOY LANlHp NOW I  Bring the children to see  the Toys  Second Floor  Shop Early !  That's the Idea!  CQR. MAIN and 8(h AVE.  PHONE: FAIRMONT 506  Phone Seymour 9086  Is indispensible, costs  little and has saved  thousands from ruin  We Write ^Insurance  Dow, fraser Trust to.  (One of  the   Registered  Companies)  122 Hastings St., W.  THE NEW DETENTION BUILDING/VANCOUVER  The new Immigration building, which completed, will cost well on to $300,000,  is now under construction by the well known Vancouver firm of contractors, Messrs  Snider Bros, and Brethour. All the partners of this Company are Native Sons and  have already erected in Victoria and Vancouver probably the largest number of  buildings of any contracting: firm in the country.  .]4 4{^^m{mS<4J44m{44J^4^^w24^mJ^44{m{mJm^*^^4{m{^.2m*4*^^  THE-B  FIGHTING ON THE SLOPES Ox' MT. ARARAT.  V     Petrogrid.���������Success is reported from the snow  "covered pl&teau of Armenia, where the attempted  Turkish advance has been checked /by tlie I������usr  ��������� sians. ���������'���������-.'���������������������������' '  X V'\X;:-V-X'V.X''  In the centre the Turks havebeen.driven back  to their positions at Deveboince''.ahd Erzerum,  while failure also has attended the clumsy experiments in turning movements \nade by the Tjirks  at German instigation on the Russian left pear tbe  Persian frontier, and the Russian trip near Betum  .The possibility of a further energetic of!ehsive  by the Turks in this region seems excluded, especially as the British occupation of Basra will  prevent the withdrawal of any large body of  troops from Mesopotamia'for purposes of rein-,  forcements. in Asia Minor.  SITUATION IN SYWA ANP PAWSSTitfE.  Rome.���������Reports to hand from Jerusalem state  all the British, French and Russians in that town  have been imprisoned and are being harshly treat--  edV The opportunity has been taken'by the Turkish soldiery,to loot their houses. The Italian Consul in.Jerusalem has asked the Italian Foreign  Office to send warships to Jaffa, as it is feared  that' antirChristian riots and massacres may fol  low. The Turkish authorities showed a reluctance  to repress theXigitation, but the Consuls of neutral countries insisted that two soldiers who looted  ; the Greek church and murdered a priest should  be subjected to exemplary punishment: ."The soldiers accordingly were hanged. "  ./Jthe Anarchy;at 8ein*jXxx,P:  The Giorhale Italia Beirut correspondent describesthe situation there; as most serious.r The  Europeans are living in terror of being ^hourly  massacred/ Communication with the interior and  .abroad is severedV British, French and Russian  subjects! and transient residents are held as prisoners. European houses are daily searched under  futile pretexts, and plundered. The Mussulman  inhabitants brutally ill-use Christians with the  connivance of the authorities. The Consuls of the  Triple Entente are now~pfisoiners in the*'interior.  Religious and educational Christian institutions, among which is the great Jesujt Uuiversity,  have been forcibly closed. The funds of every  European'Bank have been seized. AttjeinptgXoL  even the -archives of the Russian Coonsulate were  prevented by the Italian Consul's timely interven-  tion. In view of impending developments the  Muselmahs have sent their women and children  into the interior and the jails have been opened.  I ' nFlRMAMlf A 1  . ��������� *  **********Jfr***Jjr**^<'*********^  Our $6.50  and $5.00  Nut Coal  Which again we say without  fear of contradiction, is the  same coal that some of our  most prominent competitors  have charged you $7.50 and  and $8.00 for.  BUFFALO GERMANS NOT IN HOSTILE MOOD.  KIRK & CO.  t29 MAIN ST. PHONE Sey. 1441  26 years in Victoria.  "If you stroked the international, border with  a fine comb you would not find the slightest hint  of a pro-German raid," said Rev. Byron Stauffer  of Bond Street Congregational Church yesterday.  "It is absolutely unthinkable. The Germans of  Buffalo have subscribed just .$9,000 to the German Relief Fund, of cwhich the Empress of Germany is the Treasurer. This fund they have  struggled with in Buffalo since the middle of August, with these meagre results. So.it is easily  seen that the German population would not  spend any money on rifles and ammunition. A  prominent Buffalo clergyman writes me that nine  tenths of Buffalo Germans believe that this war  is an awful mistake. A well-known newspaper  man of that city writes that the .German citizens  would not give one penny directly, to the-prose:  eution of the war.. He points out that while the  Germans, have given less than $10,000 to their  Own humanitarian fund, Buffalo raised $36,000 in  one week^ for the Belgian Relief Fund. He says  that many of the Germans have united in a petition, which they have sent to the German Emperor, asking him, in the interests of humanity, to  take, such steps as are now possible to bring the  war to an end."  A. I. AT LLOYDS.  A Cheshire man, at the battle of Mons and a  fellow-Englishman lay wounded on the ground  after the great fight. His companion seemed to  be dying of thirst; and cried out piteously for  water, but none could he found. A German officer who was mortally wounded beckoned to an  ambulance man and pointed to his own water  flask. It was raised to his lins, but with an emphatic "Nein, nein", was refused. He,insisted  that it should be given to the thirsty Englishman,  and then passed away. We buried that noble German, says the writer, with all honours we could,  and though we did not know his name we placed  over his grave a'little woden cross with this simple inscription 'A. 1.'  NOTICE.  Hans and Fritz will bear watching-all the  same and especially when he. hitches up - with  Mike.���������-Ed. ��������� X '  A series of free Lectures on Seamanship and  Navigation will be delivered in the Empire Building, corner of Hastings and Seymour Streets,  every Tuesday and Friday Evening during the  months of December and January, commencing  at 8 p.m. Lecturer: Capt. Charles Eaddie, supervising examinor of masters and mates (Western  Division).  All persons interested in the above subjects  are cordially invited to attend.  By Order of the Deputy Minister  Dept. of Marine and Fisheries,  Ottawa.  I    Old  Wellington  will J  ���������   Reduce Your Fuel Bill  This is the cheapest COAL in Vancouvelf, |,  value, considered xx'..X"~-" :'X' ;       Xv:  :.vf We want Your Business, and you will want v:  our coal i������yoi^ once try it.      x *  -  ��������� x-;xX^MPX: ^Xv-' v;-^: $7.00%     :-v'; X-,  Xx V.- NUT:;x   - .V-x - .'���������    $5.50  ''���������--;  xXX*';PEA;X: ,>v; -     -     iiM    //k.:'.  Call us up���������we .will tell you about it.  McNeill, Welch & Wilson, ltd.  PHONE:       -       -       -       -     Sey. 5408-5409 |  SEALED  SECURITY  is essential to safe investment.  OOur Debentures guarantee a  a return of h%���������are negotiable  DEBENTURES   -are secured,' by  $7,480,339  . , Assets.   ,' ,  on Savings Deposits. Subject to cheque  Withdrawal.. Interest compounded quarter-  yearly,   ,'���������      ���������:'* "  The Great West Permanent Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg., Ground Floor  R. J. POTTS, Managerx  Commercial Drive and 14th Avenue  rT^���������HomeofQ^l^^lty,,  Groceries  4. R. Sinclair, Prop.  Phone Fairmont 1033  HOUSEHOID GOODS  -OFFICE FURNITURE  Xlllflk  bt  mfLlii   PA<.i\tH*>  Ol iHi.  ..rtlY  , tW     Ihn MmiKIAI_.  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE-SHIPPING  PHONE. SEYMOUR 7360.  OFFICE 857 BEATTY ST.  <T  Of  \  A HOME INSTITUTION  being the only Canadian Chartered Bank with Head  Office in British Columbia.  Savings  Accounts may be opened at any branch of the, Bank  with deposits of One Dollar and upwards. Interest  paid at the current rate. x  A General Banking Business Transacted Friday, December 4,  1914  THE WESTERN. CALL  3  For Sale and  For Rent  Cards  10c each 3 for 25c  WESTERN CALL OFFICE, 203 Kingsway  A DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Before employing a Private Detective, if you don't  know your man. ask your  legal adviser.  JOHNSTON, the Secret  Service Intelligence Bureau. Suite 103-4  319 Pender St., W.  Vancouver, B. C.  Try Our Printing  Quality  Second  to None  /* ���������  h'.'.   A. E. Harron J. A. Harron G. M. Williamson  X  HARRON BROS.  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS  VANCOUVER NORTH VANCOUVER  |   Office & Chapel���������1034 Granville St.      Office & Chapel���������122 Sixth St. W.   J  Phone Seymour .3486 Phone 134  14i4^^44|44g4.{.4J44|l4^4J4.{ll|.l}4.j.^4l|<4}44{44}.4|44J44{44}l4|44|4ltll^44J^^4Jwj^44^������4{4l|4^44^4}44|44}������4}44t44^4 4}4  ���������..M^M'-M-M-M"****  {.^>4tiS"l"t"l^wiwi"t"l"}"t"S"}"t"l'>l"t"t"t"l"}"{,,iMS'  I  i  JOSxH. BOWMAN  ARCHITECT  910-H Yorkshire Building  I Seymour Street Vancouver, B.C.!  qas'.-.fires'  $1.00 DOWN AND $1.00 PER MONTH  ::  Gas Fires do every thing in the line of heating, which can be secured  with any open.grate fire, and with the following advantages:  CLEANLINESS���������No dust, dirt or trouble in laying or maintaining the  fire, removing ashes etc.    .  CONVENIENCE���������A twist of the wrist, and a scratch of a match, starts  the fire in operation. -  It may be turned off as simply when the desired temperature is reached.  COMFORT���������The fire is perfectly regulated, thus avoiding the extremes  incident with the olo fashioned grate. ���������".  ECONOMY���������The fire is ready for inBtant use, night or day.   It gives  heat as soon as lighted, and all the fuel consumption stops as soon  as it is turned of f.  CANADIAN RED  CROSS SOCIETY  ::  - See tbe*e 0a������ fires and make euqurlei concerning the Equipment! ut:  Vancouver Qas Co.      Manitoba Hardware Co. ?  C������rr������M_ St_ hustings sta.      _, 1714 Commercial Pr I ve  1138 grenville St., Near Oavle  JVlcCaUunr & Sons  3415 Main Street  Gordon Prown & Co. $  3031 Oranvllle Street $  DOMINION WOOD YARD CO.  Cor. front and Ontario Sts.     Phone Fairmont 1554  k   All' Kinds of Mill Wood   f  ��������� ;������������������ -        X- ' T  Stored Uncjer Coyer j  *��������� .... ���������  4<mJ.^m54^^������^������^.|m^^������J.^4^wJ44������^������������$������}������������5������^������������5������5m{"J������    4^4J������J^.^4������J.4^J^J^mJm5^^44^.J������J..J~J^^J4������J4������J4������J^44J.  IMPERIAL QUALITY  THE IMPERIAL OIL  COMPANY. LIMITED,  a Canadian corporation with  over three thousand employees, is manufacturing and  distributing refined oils, gasolines and lubricating oils in  Canada for Canadian trade.  With its two large refineries  ���������at Sarnia, OnL, .and Vancouver, B.C.���������and its five  hundred and twenty-nine  branches throughout the Dominion, it offers to the Cana-1'  dian public the facilities for  securing the best grades of  Canadian-Made petroleum  products at the lowest prices.  MADE IN CANADA  The response, to the Christmas  appeal on behalf of the men at  the front was far greater than  was anticipated, and greatly  cheered the hearts of the workers  of Ward,V.  About $95 worth of presents  was handed in to the depot, cor.  of 10th Avenue and Carolina St.,  and these were packed in with the  889 garments despatched on 24th  ult.  The total number of garments  shipped -from this depot now  amount to 2007 garments, to  which must be added the result  of the Christmas appeal aad a  case of surgical dressings valued  at $45.  'It is hoped that results such as  the above cannot but stimulate  the efforts of the residents of  Ward V. to even greater action  on behalf of the men . who are  risking everything for those who,  for various reasons, are unable to  take their places in the thick of  the fighting.  The day when Milton's oft  quoted lines "They also serve  who. only stand and wait "was  applicable, seems to have passed  by, and in the present great conflict of right against wrong, liberty versus "kultur," there is no  such thing, for men and Women,  worthy of the proud boast, Civis  Britannicus sum, as "standing "  and "waiting."   "'.  ''Those who are not for us are  against us "never had a greater  application than to-day, and' to  assist the work of the Ked Cross  Society in caring for the men who  are chancing their all, in alleviating the pounded and comforting  thedying, is of a surety one practical method of proving that these  men, heroes all, have the support  that they so deeply merit  The monthly executive meeting  of the Ward Committee was held  on Tuesday last, Mr. A. P.VBlack, j  Ward Chairman, presiding, and it!  was decided to hold a concert dur-'  ing the third week in this month,  the proceeds' to be spent in   tlie  purchase of material to he made  up by the women of Ward V. intp  the necessary clothing to go to  the front. -  All the churches in the Ward  are. contributing to the program  through their ciioirs, and ?t is felt  that the public can be trusted to  make this effort a great success.  The Vice-chairman; Mrs. W. H.  Bauson, will give a talk on "Ten  Years in South Africa," with  special reference to Bed Cross I  work during the South African  War. ������������������ ������ X :  The cause for which the concert  will be held is a great one. and the  program will be of the best, and  these two facts merit success.  The final arrangements, which  are in the hands of a representative committee, will be announced  very shortly.  Although the Christmas appeal  is over, it is hoped that readers  will remember that the" Western  Call" will gladly accept donations on behalf of the work of the  Society in Ward V.  At the executive meeting.it was  announced that owing io the then  secretary, Mr. W. H. Bauson, having been elected chairman of the  Property Comittee. with headquarters at 183 Pendor West  (Vancouver Industrial Bureau)  he had felt compelled to resign  his position with the Ward, and  the committee elected Mr. Ernest  Redpath, who had been connected  with the society since its inception, to fill the vacancy.  THE WAR  IN EUROPE  Has not affected the quality  of Printing turned out by  our plant. Our high standard is still maintained, in  spite of the fact that prices  of raw materials have risen  considerably.  . When you place an order  with us. you can depend on  having it delivered in the  shortest possible time, consistent with the best of workmanship and accuracy.  Terminal City Press, Ltd.  ao3 Kingsway  Phone Fairmont 1140  Private  Are in demand this year,  many people finding them,:  on account of the financial  stringency, appropriate  substitutes for the regular  Christmas Drifts.  We have some excellent samples.  X. . \   "     ~  Terminal City Press  GUARANTEED  American Silk  HOSIERY '.. $  We Want Voii to Know  :X'XV   Theae Hose  They stood the, test when all  others failed. They, give real foot  comfort. They have no seams to  rip. They never become loose ahd  baggy as the shape is knit in, not  pressed in. They are GUARANTEED for fineness, for style, for  superiority of material and work-  manship, absolutely stainless, and  to wear six months without holes  or replaced by new pairs free.  OUR FRBIB OFFER  To every one sending us 60c to  cover shipping charges, we will  send, subject to duty, absolutely  free: - . . - .-���������,.-.-  Three pairs of our famous  men's AMERICAN SILK  HOSE with written guarantee,  any color, or  Three pairs of our Ladies'  Hose in Black, Tan or White  colors, with written guarantee.  DON'T DELAY-Offer expires  when dealer in your locality is  selected. Give color and size  desired.  The International Hosiery Co.  21 Bittrier Street  Pajfton, Ohio, U. S. A.  A Residence Telephone  Makes a Nice Christmas Present  ^MMMBM  Until January 1st,/1915, at  all Exchanges, we will install Telephones  Residence or Business  upon payment of $5.00 rental in advance.  For particulars call Seymbur 6070  CONTRACT DETARTMENT  COLOMBIA TELEPHONE  Company, Limited  ftl   I   4   I   4   I   I   ������i ��������� '������' ���������   ������������������������������������������������������������������������.������������������������  Phone Sey* 1076-1077  ������������������������ *m ��������������������������������������������������������������� in. i i in i i i > ������.������.4������_������_>(  Wood  ORDER YOUR  Calendars for 1915  AT THE  Fountain Pen Week  Western Call Office  XI. HANBURY & Ca,LTD.  OQr,4thS������onu49tmtlQt*mr9������llt0 9t,  Wellington Coal, Cordwood and Plainer Ends  I  Phone Fairmont 1140  Ring w up for  PRINTING OR APVERTISING  r  OUR PRICES ARE LOW  WHICH WILL YOU SUPPORT  The Companywhich sells )   -    (The Company which sells  British Columbia Coal and /OR \ American Coal and em-  employs White Labor   ) (   ploys Oriental Labor?  Fifteen years in Vancouver Coal Trade  WELLINGTON AND COJVIOX COAL  WHITE LABOR ONLY   .  Macdonald, Marpole Co., Ltd.  427 SEYMOUR STREET ��������� - PHONE SEYMOUR 210  I .������,������,.������,.������.., i������i ������   ������!.������.��������������� .������ ���������������   ���������������������   ������   ,-A   *    I   Ii ������   IIM������t'l    III    Ullllllt  .1, ,.., ., , ,,,, ������.^���������.I  The Independent Drug Store  Cor. 7th A������e. and Main St.  are selling the best MADE IN  ENGLAND guaranteed Fountain  Pens at a reduced rate this week.  This is a very useful Xmas gift  for a gentleman or lady,  We are offering the  Avon Ink Pencil, rex. $1.75 for $1.00  Avon Ink Pencil, self filling.  regular - - $1.50. for $1.25  Avon Fountain Pen, ref, 1.75 for 1.25  Avon Fountain Pen, reg. 2.00 for 1.50  Avon Fountain Pen, reg. 2.50 for 2.00  Avon Fountain Pen, reg. 3.00 for 2.50  Avon Fountain Pen, reg. 4.00 for 3.00  Avon Fountain Pen, self filler.  regular ��������� - 2.50 for 1.50  Conklin's Fountain Pens froni $3.00 up  Waterman's    '*       ���������".'    "     $2.50 up  All these pens are 14 carat  gold and we guarantee them  for one year.     See our window.  Marett & Reid  GoPm 7 th Ave* and Main St.  137 Hastings Street West.  Ulsters mirrelloa. value, solid ���������������������. WeJtUng Ki...  eitheriS-ct.GemRrng.ietwithDiamondsRnbiesPearls,4c iut  40/- (q| dollars), or SO/- with order and SO/-on delivery.  Special attention fWen to foreign anqniriei.    Writefor List.  MASTERS'. LM., H������������a Stores, RYE, Cag*  MASTEKS*   LTD.  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOGUE  may be seen at  203    KINGSWAY  any day  between 8 a.m.  and 5 p.m.  Saturday till 12  noon.  Cf|    H     K'.the Cash-on Delivery System is in use in your country, then  II    II      you need only 8end 10/ for eith8r 2 Kings y������u select and pay  I III Ul    balance when you receive the Rings.     Masters, ltd., Ije, England  Orders left with  V. Odium THE WESTERN CALL.  Friday. December 4, 1914  THEWESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED EVERY F4WD4Y-  . BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LTD.  "HEAD OFFICE:  203 Kingsway, Vancouver  Telephone Fairmont 1140  Subscription:  One Dollar a Year In Advance  $1.50 Outside Canada  / If you do not get "CALL" regularly  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once.. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  SCIENCE-ANCIENT AND MODERN  The memory of Professor Metchnikoff, Dr.  Pasteur's greatest pupil is stili green in Paris,  where they are proDosing to celebrate his natal  day. This proposition comes at an opportune  moment' for it will be remembered. Professor  Metchnikoff was latterly almost. exclusive vely  absorbed in experiments on a problem that has  the greatest human appeal, namely "Why must  man grow old and die?"  Professor Metchnikoff .contended that this  was not necessary. In his latest work ' The prolongation of Life" Metchnikoff advanced the  theory that there is nothing in the structure of the  body itself that makes death inevitable, that, on  the contrary there are certain phenomena, which  he had observed that indicate the possibility of indefinite continuance of life. "This", he said" is  a mere hypothesis which future investigation may.  disprove."  Now comes a paper published by The Rockefeller , Institute in which the author. Dr. Alexis  Carrel discusses certain experiments which seem  to indicate clearly that Metchnikoff's theories as  to the prolongation of life have real scientific  foundation.  XWe do not at this time desire to discuss the  merits of Professor Metchnikoff's theories or Dr.  Carrell's experiments but to point out that this  subject "The Prolongation of Life" is definitely  treated of in a most exhaustive series of health  taws published nearly 3500 years ago to be found  now in a book'that, unfortunately, most of our  scientific men have definitely; consigned to the  Museum. ... X.  Here is the closing sentence that Dr. Moses at;  taches to his treatise on "The Prolongation of  Jjife." "Set your hearts unto all the words which  I testify among, you this day, which you shall  . command your ^children to observe to do  All the word! ot this Law. For these are not  vain words for you, but your very life; and  through the keeping of this Uaw ye shall prolong  yonr days."  Dr. Moses gave good proof of his scientific ministry for it is written on his epitaph:  "And Moses wm an hundred and twenty  years old when he died: hit eye wm not dim. nor  his natural force abated."  And Dr. Moses tsill has, on earth, some.discip- ���������  les who in a faint hearted way and with many a  slip seek to keep the Law he mediatised and the  ^TeWsare today the longest lived people amongst  us.  One concrete instance in the Land where most  of the Jews still reside���������Austria:���������According to  insurance statistics'the Austrian average life is  23 years whereas the average life of the Jew in  Austria is 58 years.  GERMANY THE CURSE OF  RELIGIOUS WORLD  Whole Philosophy Opposes Word of God, 8ays  Toronto Pastor  "It is my deliberate judgment that Germany  of recent years has been the curse of the religious  , world. She has possessed the withering blight of  unbelief more that any other nation in the world,  perhaps, and has refused to believe the Word of  God. Germany's whole philosophy is in direct opposition to the Word 01 God. I believi; God is  going to take care of His own Word, as He has  always done, and He is going to show on fields of  .blood whether His words are going to come to  pass or not." These sentences were uttered in  ,the Metropolitan Methodist Church by Rev. T. T.  Shields, Jarvis Street Baptist Church, at the first  service of intercession under the auspices of the  Toronto Ministerial Association. X  ___ . . 1���������. _  f.^���������^���������^.I������������������^���������x^^H^~x-^^���������^^x-X"^<���������4^^^^^I^^^^^^^������������������^���������l^^^^^  BE PREPARED!  Every Canadian should protect himself and  * family by carrying a policy in  | MUTUAL LIFE OF CANADA  * Eatabll.had 1869  |                 "CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL"  t  %        For  rates.ahd  full information see our  ! agents, or ' ?  W. J. TWISS J  jT DlaVIrt Mana.er T  7 317-319 WOOKRS BUILDING f  + *  LLOYD GEORE'S GREAT  SPEECH  (Continued from Page 1)  which will tax to the utmost her resources���������material, money, men���������and leave her impoverished  at the end of the struggle. Now.let us consider  this. We all know the consequences would be  tremendous. For the moment the consequences  are incalculable. So much so, we had no.right to  have gone into this war without the most overwhelming reasons. The sacrifice of human life  is appalling. The suffering it is impossible to  'estimate. The waste is so prodigious that, after  three months, it has not ceased to shock. The  wealth harvested in years of peace by Lard arid  anxious toil ill thrown into tlie flames of war to  intensify their consuming fury. Whoever says  that we ought not to have entered into this war  without the most overpowering reasons J am entirely with him.   ���������   s '.     - x  Now there are men who maintain that war is  not justifiable under any conditions. There are  men who maintain that position, even if your  house is attacked, if your country is uwaded and  threatened with oppression, if you had a second  William the Conqueror landing in this island-  not a very likely contingency���������one or two accir  dents that have, happened to-day have made that  prospect a little more remote. (Cheers.) But  supposing you had a William the Conqueror landing again, who destroyed the State, imposed his  own language, his own* rule upon this country,  ravaged and destroyed it as another William the  Conqueror has done in Belgium, there are men  wtio carry that doctrine so far as to say that even  under these conditions you ought never to use a  weapon to defend yourself or your home, or your  country. I have great respect for them, but I am  afraid that I shall never be able to attain in this  world that altitude of idealism. (Ifear, hear.)  Right to Strike for Justice.  May I just say one or two words about that?  It was riot the creed, as your chairman reminded  us, of the Puritan Fathers. I maintain it is not  the principle of the Christian faith. That faith  deprecates revenge, it deprecates retaliation, but  I never read a saying of the Master's which would  condemn a man for striking a blow for right, justice, or the protection of the weak.   (Hear, hear.)  To carry those principles too far is just the  way to destroy the possibility of their ever becoming realised. To precipitate ideals is to retard their advent. We are all looking forward  to the time when swords shall be beaten into  ploughshares and spears into pruning hooks, and  nation can not rise against nation, and there will  be no more war. But as long as there are nations  and empires^ that beat ploughshares into swords  and pruning books into spears in order  to prey upon nations; of pioughers and  pruners living alongside them, to disarm would  then be to delay a period that we are all praying  for. (Cheers.) \  The surest method of establishing a reign of  peace on earth is by making the Way of the transgressor of the peace of nations too hard for the  rulers of men to tread it. That is what we are engaged in doing now.   (Cheers.) . X       -m  Most men,every, real man,; would, defend his  own house, his own life arid liberty, and of those  who have been committed to his care. But supposing that man was a poor little neighbor,;a  neighbor whom he had sworn to protect, whose  home was broken into by a hulking bully,, who  robbed him of his goods, attacked his, his wife, his  children, burning andmurdering arid maiming, I  ask you what manner of man would he be who  looked on calmly without rushing in to help him  with any weapon at his command. (Cheers.) He  would be a piece of heartless poltroonery.  An Insulting Demand. (.  Britain has not been guilty of that. Why Was  Belgium so maltreated? What was her offence?  She had, refused to allow Germany to march  through her territories to attack a good neighbor  of Belgium���������France and Belgiurii are very good  neighbqrs, they are kinsmen in race and religion,  and are to a large extent in language, and France  ~wSs fullyr shieldedand TprotMtedloiftleWi^frTOtieir'  except that that faces Belgium. Germany's demand was a demand put forward in defiance of  treaty obligations with Belgium, to gain facilities  to drive a dagger into the heart of a good neighbor France, through her unprotected side! A  meaner, shabbier, more cowardly request was  never addressed to anyone. Belgium was to be  nominally neutral, but Belgian roads, Belgian  rivers and railways were to take.sides, and in  modern warfare, railways are more formidable  weapons that rivers.  That is Germany's proposal to Belgium.  (Cheers.) Can you conceive a more degrading  suggestion, or a more insulting one being addressed to any nation? Had Belgium assented to it, I  ask any German, either in this or any other land,  whether Belgium, if she had acceded to,that re-  ,quest, would not have covered herself with eternal  shame? Belgium has refused to bring dishonor  upon her name. She has preferred to face the  prospect of national annihilation, and every decent man or woman throughout the civilized world  will applaud the nobility of her action. (Cheers.)  Agony of a Brave People.  We know what she is enduring at this present  moment; it is too pitiful a story to relate. We  are witnessing the agony of a brave little people  suffering for the right���������their cities and their  villages destroyed, their population scattered���������a  Belgian statesman told me that were three times  as many old people, woman and children destroyed  in Belgium as there were soldiers in her gallant  army. (Shame.) They have given their goods to  Germany���������that has not saved them.  You will remember when Alapic the Goth  went to Rome, and was about to take it, a deputation of the besieged citizens visited him. He put  his demands very high, and they said ti him, "If  such, oh King, are your demands, what do you  intend to leave us?" The haughty barbarian replied "Your lives." He was a better man,than  his successor. (Cheers.) Three times as many'  helpless people slaughteredl>y this great, cultured  empire. They have robbed them of their food to  maintain their army. They are now begging to  America and saying "You feed them." It was not  America who devastated their land. There are  multitudes dying of hunger there under the banner of this great, proud empire. I wish this were  a'l.   I can not repeat all the authenticrted stories  that are told of German rule in Belgium. I wish  they were not true, for the honor of civilization,  for the honor of humanity.-(Hear, hear.)  Cromwell once, said: "There is spme content- *  ment in the hand by which a man falls. V Jt is; swhe  satisfaction if a commonwealth must fall, that it  perish-by men and not by the, hand of persons  differing little from beasts." (Cheers.) That is  Cromwell's judgment on the devastatioa of Belr  gium, and all the savagery perpetrated or a harmless little country by their big neighbor. Who had  solemnly passed her word to protect them. There  "must be a revised version of one passage of the  Scripture for Belgium���������"Who is thy neighbor?-  Thy neighbor is he who falls on thee like a thief,  strips thee and wounds thee, and leaves thee half  > dead." Jli Britain, after passing her word, had  left that little country bleeding on the roadside  without attempting to reScue her, the iufamy of  Germany would be shared by the British Empire.  (Cheers.)  "Settling With the Turk."  But we have been assailed by another national  exponent of the higher cultur���������Turkey. (Laughter). I notice the same chracteristics; there is  the same contempt for the elements, for the decencies of international war���������harmless towns,  defenceless towns, bombarded without any motive. We did our best to avoid a quarrel. No one  could have shown more more patience in the face  of insults injuries that I could detail to you by  the hour. This Great Britain did in the face of the  treatment which was accorded to us by this miserable, wretched, contemptible empire on the Bos-  phorus. (Cheers and laughter.)  It filled us with disdain and scorn that we  should have to endure even for a day the insult  of the Turk. Ah! but the quarrel has been taken  out of our hands, We were in the hands of fate,  and the hour has struck on the great clock of destiny for settling accounts with the Turk. (Loud  cheers.)  I am not thinking of him as an enemy of Christendom. (Cheers.) There is no more .'utile method of settling the conflicts of creed than a war.  We are not fighting Mohammedanism but the  Turk. (Cheers.) As a very distinguished Mohammedan gentleman, who is very loyal to the. British  Empire, said to me the other day���������after all the  British Empire is the greatest Mohammedan Empire in the world���������"The Ottoman Empire is just  a second-rate Mohammedan power, alt lough it  gives itself the airs of the leadership of the whole  Mohammedan world." The Turk is th*' great-,  est enemy pf his own faith because he has descre-  dited it by misgovernment.  Turks of East and West.  What have the Turks contributed either to culture, to art, or to any aspect of human progress  that you can think of? They are a human cancer���������(Cheers)���������a creeping agony in th* flesh of  the lands which they misgoverned, and rotting  every fibre of lif$. They Have ruled ovev most of  the countries which were the cradle of civiliza-  . rtion. Those lands were once the most abundant  in the world. They were the granaries of the east  and west alike. In turn they have been governed  by Assyrians, Babylonians, and Persians, and  Greeks and Rotririris. All1 were tyrants, but they  left those lands prosperous, abundant, luxuriant.  What about the Turk'? He comes to these  planteous lands, and the tread of his blood-stained  sandal scorches and withers the life and fertility  of whole territories���������every blade shrivelled up  within thousands or square miles. Ah! the. sight  of this Gorgon has turned bounteous plains and  valleys into stony deserts, and the people he: subjugated to his rule have for centuries been the  victims of his indolence, incompetence and lust. X  And now that the great day of reckoning has  come upon the nation I am glad. (Cheers.) I am  glad the Turk is to be called to a final account for  his long record of infamy against humanity in  this gigantic battle between right and wrong. It  is meet that the Turks should march into action  shoulder to shoulder with the devastators of Belgium. They have made themselves fit comrades  ���������the ravagers ofArmenia andXhe desojators pf  Flanders;the Turk of thei east arid the Turk of  the we"st���������(Laughter and cheers)���������both ruthless  military empires with only one god, and that is  violence. Their downfall will bring gladness, security, and peaceSo a werld which for generations  has been oppressed and darkened by their grim  presence.  World's Costliest War.  All this' great war involves tremendous exertions, immense sacrifices, sacrifices of wealth, -  with all that that means. You can not have a war  like this without an enormous drain upon the resources of this country and this war is expensive  beyond any war that has ever been seen in this  world. I shall have to present the bill either  this week or next week. I am sure, although you  willbe appalled, you will not quail.  As Lord Kitchener said last night, above all  we need men, and the more men who come forward quickly the sooner the war will be ove^  (Continued on Page 5)  ELEVATOR CONTRACT LET  Barnett and McQueen secure the coveted job.���������  H...H. Stevens M. P. en route for Vancouver  after arduous campaign for Federal  %brk for our City  . Messrs. Barnett and McQueen of Fort Williarii  have secured the contract for the New Government Elevator at Vancouver.   . X  The contract price is $690,000. The firm of  Messrs. Barnett and McQueen is one of the best  known elevator contractors on the continent. They  built the big Port Arthur terminal elevator of the  government arid also the interior elevators at  Mocse Jaw and Saskatoon, recently opened.  The new Vancouver elevator, which is being  built to handle the wheat of the Prarie Provinces  which it is anticipated will flow to Europe via  the Panama Canal and to the Orient, will be  thoroughly modern in every respect. The elevator  will have a capacity of 1,250,000 bushels. Of this j  amount 900,000 is storage and 350,000 the working house.      v   .  Can be enlarged.  The elevator is so constructed that it can be  enlarged to meet a growing trade. The elevator  will be equipped with all the latest elevator machinery, for cleaning, hospital and other purposes.  Outside of the elevator at Port Nelson for the  Hudson Bay route, with the letting of the contract of the Vancouver structure the government-'  owned system of elevators, which has been part  of the Borden administration western policy, is  now complete.       The   western farmer if he so(  desires can have complete government ownership i  and control of his wheat from the time it leaves!  the farm until it reaehes the seaboard.   The elevators included in the system are the Port Arthur1  elevator for grain going East, the Vancouver ele-  . vator for Pacific trade, and three big interior elevators at Moose Jaw, Saskatoon and. Calvary.  May Be Added to.  The interior elevator system may be added to,  later.   In addition the elevators of the Montreal  Harbor commission are now under control of the'  western grain commission as far as inspection is  concerned.  Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P. for Vancouver, whoi  has worked unceasingly to secure this government work for the city of Vancouver, was in Ottawa yesterday when the contracts were opened,  . although he left for the Coast before the tenders  Were finally awarded. He was please/1 over the (  final settlement of this project.  BELGIAN WHO FLOODED  GERMANS IS DECORATED.  Expected That Bis Services Will Be Recognised;  by Britain and .France,   v   v :  The man who planned the flooding of the j  '- German positions on the Yser has been decorated;  with the Order of King Leopold, and is likely to'i  receive some similar recognition from the Allies'  government.    This man,   whose name   has not  been made public, is the keeper of the great Nieu-  port sluices, which control the water in the canals  and dykes.. X'1'- -"':'j :'���������'.]. _ ���������  His position gave him an uririval'led knowledge j  of the possibilities of inundating the country and  he pointed out to the Belgian general staff that j  by using the railway embankment as a dyke and  breaking the canal bank in certain places they  could inundate most of the region occupied by  the German trenches and advanced gun positions.  His plan was at once adopted.   The culverts  in the railway embankment were filled with sand  and gravel, and then the fire of the heavy guns  was concentrated on points in the canal bank,  until it burst and the water spread out over the1  fields.  BRITAIN SEERS RAILWAY  THROUGH TO MANCHURIA.  Tokio,���������Great Britain is trying to secure the  "GeiteaMncorice^iori^f^^  Chee Foo to Wei-Heisen, which, is occupied by  the Japanese. It is also reported to be seeking  the/right to control the northern half of the  Nanking-Tientsin line, hitherto controlled by the  Germans..  If successful, Britain will have its own railway from India to Sinminfu, Manchuria, by way  of Burma and across the whole of China..  BRLGR.AD TAKEN.  Will Germany now send troops to Turkey?  London, Dec. 3.���������"The object of Austria's tremendous attack on the worn-out Servian army,"  says the Daily Chronicle's Athens correspondent,  "is to obtain control of the railroad from Belgrade  to Sofia and Constantinople, thus allowing of the  free movement of troops and munitions of war1  between Turkey and Germany."  DE WET  Foe arid friend and foe again,  Turning coat and turning yet,  That's a feat you don't disdain,  DeWet.  England's easy, England's kind,  Quick to pardon and forget.  There's limit, as you'll find,  DeWet.  Glad to raise a fallen foe,  Ready to erase a debt,  v^uick to spare a traitor?   No,  DeWet.  England trusts a: solemn vow.  That's her way. XVe don't  regret  So be it, we know you now,  De Wet.  Treachery will miss its aim, ���������  You'll be learning, never fret,  That it 's best to play the game,  De Wet.  Jessie Pope  ������  You will have to get a few things���������can't pafes Xmas  altogether even though there is war on. You like to  be remembered at Christmas���������so do your friends;  and the prices this year are so low that iti makes it  much easier than other years. Our stock contains  the latest things in  Parisian Ivory, Ebony, Manicure Sets  Ebony Hair Brushes       -      -      -  Ebony Hat Brushes     X      -      -  Ebony Cloth Brushes      -      -      -  Ebony Mirrors        -      -      -  Parisian Ivory Mirror     -      -      -  Parisian Ivory Hair Brush      -      -  Parisian Ivory Jewel Box  Parisian Ivory Card Cases     -      -  Parisian Ivory Manicure Sets        -  Parisian Combs, Powder Boxes, Cloth  $2.00 to  00 to  00 to  00 to  00 to  50 to  50 to  5frto  00 to  .2.00 to  Brushes,.  1.  1.  1.  i.  l.  2  2.  1.  $10.00  5.00  3.00  3.00  10.00  10.00  500  15.00  2.50  10.00  &c,  Prices are always right.  LAW THE DRUG GIST  Cor. Broadway & Main  Phone Fair. 700 F^^gJ2!������������_i2__2____i_JS_J_L  THE WESTERN CALL.  ____���������*'  ���������������������������������.  Q ���������������'������".. ������i4������i'������'i������n|   I   li|il   ������"���������   lit   I   lil.Hil   ������   I   t   '���������   III   ���������   II Ii III   4 '������'���������������������������   ������i ������i ������������������������������������������������������������������   .  -*-4|-4t.^4������..������.������M_������_������^������������_������^^^_������_a4*.  .������44*^44������4*^rO  Some Things of Interest on Temperance  II o������  i i I I i i i i i imi i i i in I i i I'l i i imhih ii  ������������-������������������  KANSAS.  Every now and then articles  appear in the daily newspapers  telling of the loss suffered in Kansas through prohibition. Here is  what Senator Thompson said on  the other side in the Seriate:  "During the thirty three years  of prohibition the illiteracy of our  people has been reduced from 49  per cent, to 2 per cent., and this  trifling amount is almost entirely  among the foreign element in the  mining section' of the southeast.  With 105 counties in the state, 87  of them have no insane, 54 have  \ffjao feeble- minded, 96 have no inebriates, arid what few there are  come from the cities which defied  the law until recent years. There  is only one pauper to every; 3,000  "population, and there are 38 county poor farms which have no inmates. In July, 1911, 53 county  jails were empty and 65 counties  had no prisoners serving sentence.  Since the establishment'.-o* prohibition the population of Kansas has  increased more than any of the  surrounding states and her  wealth has increased until she has  become the richest state in the  Union per capita. Although we  suffered one of 'the worst  droughts ,in the vhistor*y of the  state last summer, recent statements from the banks show that  in the 930 state banks there is on  deposit belonging to the people of  Kansas about , $120,000,000, and  on deposit in the 213 national  banks.about $90,000,001, making  a total of $210,000,000, or about  $123 for every man, woman and  child in the state/  Kansas consumes per capita per  annum $1.25 worth of liquor for  all purposes as against the average American consumption of  liquor of $21 a head.  Forty-eight of Kansas' 105  counties did not send ^prisoner to  the penitentiary last year.  , Eighty-seven counties did not  send an insane patient to the asylums.  In' fourteen counties no jury  has been called in ten years to try  a criminal case.  Fifty-three counties have empty  jails^  Thirty-eight have empty poor-  houses. ".���������'������������������>_  The Kansas death rate is 7*  per-thousand���������the second lowest  in America.  Bank deposits have increased in  ten years from $100,000,000 to  $200,000,000.        ������  The average holding oil taxable  property is $1,666.92, the largest  in America.  ��������� Kansas has decreased its state  debt faster than ariy other state.  It has 8,000 students in its colleges and iri other educational institutions above the high school  grade���������-more according to population than any other state.  It has 39,468 students iri the  high schools.  Thus, we, find .that the state  haying the largest number of stu  dents in colleges, acording to population, having next to the lowest  death rate, and having tbe smallest state debt in proportion to its  population, is the state in which  the smallest average expenditure  is 'made for liquor. We have  saved about twenty dollars a head  from our liquor bill to spend for  things worth while.  A liquor advertisement is not  found in any Kansas newspaper.  A half million young men and  women of Kansas over twenty-  one years of age have never seen!  an open saloon in the state. Every  third Kansas county is without a  prisoner iri its jails or a pauper in  its   poor house.     Every   second  Kansas county sent no convicts to  the penitentiary last year. Kansas stands at the head of the list  of states in the per capita valuation of assessed property. Kansas  is lied about by the brewers and  liquor people as much as Pennsylvania ; as to Kansas, they.say that  prohibition is a failure, and, as to  Pennsylvania, that license is a  moral success. Kansas has about  the same population and the same  Wealth as California; Kansas is  dry, California wet. Kansas has  five hundred criminals, in her  state prisons, California thirty-  five hundred. Kansas has six  hundred persons in her asylums,  California six. thousand : iri hers.  With the same population and the  same wealth, California has seven  times as many crimirials as Kansas and ten times as many lunatics." And this," says one, "does  not include the lunatics in California who believe the abolishing  of saloons will ruin business."  POINTED ARGUMENTS.  A campaign to discourage drink  ing among its 20,000 employees  has been launched by the Illinois  Steel Company. ������, Electric signs,  flashing pointed queries as to the  effects of drink, have been placed  over entrances . of the company's  plants in South Chicago. They  task:'' ���������.,;.-.  Did booze ever do you any  good?  Did booze ever get you a better  job?     ;���������  Did booze ever contribute anything to the happiness of your family? x  Milk stations, with icing facilities, have been installed in the  plant, and the Company is encouraging the use of milk in place of  liqour.  Lectures and moving pictures  are being employed in the campaign.  The firm of Bosch, in Stuttgart,  Germany, employing about four  thousand men and women, began  some time ago to forbid the use of  alcohol inside of the works. Recently a Wurtemberg . brewers'  Union wrote to the company, asking if the report of the prohibition  was true, and if so what was the  reason for the order. The firm  replied, according to the press  circular of the German Central  Temperance Society |Deutsche Ve-  rein gegen den Missbrauch Geisti-  gefciGetranke Berlin,. July 1914)  that they had found that after the  half-hour   intermission   formerly  tallowed for beer-drinking, called  the "beer pause", the Workmen  were not as fresh as when they had  no alcohol. For this reason the  firm-forbade the workmen to bring  in or buy beer on the place, but  care was taken that plenty of good  non-alcoholic drinks could be ob  tained. -x.:v.--.-XXX  IHLLY_SUNBAir  The mil wbo nore than aiy ether  has broosbt Natloi-Wlde frekl*  bttton wltblD riige of Tnctlcil  Politics.  We were discussing Billy Sun  day and the economic effect of his  work;. ., /',;���������;-, XX'-   ���������  " The vice president of the- G���������  Iron Works told me," jsaid a manufacturer of railway cars, "that  his company could have afforded  to pay its employes a quarter of a  million dollars more than their  wages during the period that Billy Sunday was working among  them." . /  The corporation concerned is  one of the great steel companies  of the country. It employs  thousands of men.  "Why was that?"   I asked.  "Because- of the increased efficiency of the men. They were  steadier. Accidents decreased  remarkably. They produced  enough extra steel to make their  work worth the quarter million  additional."  "It is interesting to find that  religion has such an effect on everyday life," I observed.  ".Religion as such had little to  do frith it," replied the car-maker,  "except that it started it. The  thing',that made those men efficient was cutting out the drink.  Billy Sunday got them all on the  water wagon. \ They became sober and stayed sober. They could  run their machines with steady  hands and true eyes. The men  themselves realize what difference  it makes. They are strong for'  prohibition. If the people of  Pittsburgh and its vicinity could  vote on the temperance question  today, the saloons would be wiped  out there.  "The manufacturers are strong  for prohibition, too. They never  gave much thought to the matter  before. But this demonstration ef  Billy Sunday's has made' us all  strong for prohibition. We know  now that most of our accidents are  due to whiskey. For years we have  been trying to find a way to secure  a high degree of efficiency among  our men. We never succeeded.  Along comes this preacher - and  accomplishes more in a few weeks  than we have ever been able to  do.  "We know now that until booze,  is banished ke can never have  really efficient workmen. We're  fools if we don't profit by what  he has shown us. Take it from  me, booze has got to go. We are not  much interested in the moral side  of the matter, as such. It ia  purely a matter of dollars and  cents. They say corporations  have no souls. From this time  forth corporations are going to  show,mighty little soul toward the  man who drinks."  *N.  ��������� *  i-  i.  I Etched in blood and tears, X  Through all the future yeaw,. ,X,  ^This war's grim lessons ere will stand  Wliere-'ere one strip of British land  Exists in both the spheres.  31ose to the crater of hell  Nearer than we can teil  (Death of unfilled age  Agony page by page,  ,    Not dreamt of in past years.  ������������������'���������. -������������������'���������'.���������������������������     -"ii.    ��������� ��������� ..        ' ���������'������������������ \.  [iHell born of woman's pain,  Assassin of Louvain,,  Jabes died on stricken mothers breast  The aged were slain who stopped to  '   ' rest.'  The maiden bow 'd with shame  flinging to hard gnarled hand,  Children in terror stand  [Querulously-asking why X ���������---���������-*^^-^-   ^ -���������  As murdered their loved ones lie,  *  And all for the Junker's fame.  x  ��������� in. -     ���������'..'���������;  [Fleeing maids, with their cut bare feet,  The rush of hoofs in the street,  | Driven at the point of swords,  Wild laughter of pillaging horjies.  Hopeless anguish drew tears of blood,  j Blaze of homesteads, the reek of smoke,  A kingly Kaiser's joke,  tuiried���������life's work undone,  By moonlight toil won,  Death like a mighty flood.  IV.  iGrod! may the guns ring in .  Through all this shame and sin,  (Vengeance is thane, great Lord,  Grant after fire and sword,  A new age of charify.  heir* devilish system hushed,  Brutal materialism crushed,      n  he whirlwind that Thou has sent  Is but for salvation meant,  For our posterity.  .  ' W. A.Ellis.  IV  PHE MUSTER-ROLL OF  ENGLAND AND WALES  According to the Annual report of the Regist-V  l^ar-General the total Male population of England  ind Wales between the ages of 20 and 40 is 5,600,-  It 's a long way to.go yet Germany!  SOME PROVOCATION.  (From the Manchester Journal.)  NOTICE���������Whereas my husband, Clark Wil-  xins, has posted me, claiming that I left his bed  arid board without just provocation, let me say  [.hat he cut me up with a hand axe, choked and  ricked me, and I had to flee for my life, and I  Ithink I had some provocation for going.;  MARY WILKINS.  Dorset, Vk, October 1st, 1914; ^  \^$$^i$%fttt9\ Speech  Apart from the fact that you canput more men  into the field, the mere knowledge that Great Britain has, say, two millions of men who could, after a  few months' training, be put into the field, would  in itself be an element at theV right moment in  bringing about peace. Those men who are declining to place their service at the disposal of  their country are prolonging their country's agony. The more men who come in the more it ensures vistory and the more it hastens peace.  There are far too many men who are prepared  to vote for war, to uphold, the national honor of  this country, but are content to send others and  the children of others to face the perils of that war.  The,re are honest pacifists who disapprove af all  wars, and who are prepared to endure the contumely, the scorn, the anger, and the fury of their  neighbors for their opinions.   Those I respect.  But those who approve of the war, and think it'  is the duty of others to bring it to a triumphant  end, those men I must crave leave to despise.  XLYes, let others give up-thesons-otXvhom they-  are proud and fond." Why should they surrender  the children of their hearts to peril for their country's sake? The parents who present such a stand  ard of duty to their children, and teach* them at  the start of life a lesson of duty shirked, are traitors to the most sacred of thrusts, traitors to their  children.  As for the young and vigorous, I have a word  to say to them. A few of them are asking why  should they be called upon to pledge their lives  upon the altar of their county. Are there not  plenty of young men available who are eager to  do so, without dragging their precious lives into  the zone of danger? Yes, there are,]thank God. It  is only the minority of people who are towards.  All the same, unless the men and women of this  country are prepared to tender all they possess  and all they can command to help their land in  this most fateful hour of its destiny, then Britain  is indeed doomed, for she will stand alone in the  world���������alone, as the only land whose children are  not prepared to sacrifice themselves for her honor.  I should despair of my country if I thought  that were true.. Frenchmen are willingly, gladly,  ardently rushing forward to give all they own to  the land whose glory is dearer to them than life.  Let us be fair. The Germans are doing it, and if  Germany with Such a case, if her sons can do it,  can not Britain, fighting one of the most chivalrous battles the world has ever seen, can she not  rely upon her children to rally tp her honored  flag? That is the appeal I am making to the.  young men of the Nonconformist churches.  New Call for Men.  I hope that within the next few days there  will be a call for another large contingent of men.  I should like to. see each county called upon for its  quota���������(hear, hear)���������that every town, every city,  every area should know what is expected of her.  All our rights have been won, and..our liberties,  by men who counted their lives as nothing, so  long as their country and their faith were free.  (Hear, hear). In those days when we were winning the battles of religious persecution in this  country there were shirkers. Their cowardice  did not save them from the tomb. It is appointed  that men should once die, that after that the Judgment. Brave men have died, but they need not  fear judgment.  (Continued frotb Page 4)  -a-1v think we are too ready to scoff, at creeds  that promise the glories of their paradise to those  who die for the cause or for the country they are  devoted to. It is but a crude expression of truth  which is the foundation of their great faith that  sacrifice is ever tbe surest road to redernption.  .-���������(Cheers.)-''"... ','������������������      v77'7,X'. ������������������' X."'  V.X Germany's Great .Error. X  -I have but one final word to say. It is this.  What are we-fighting for? I will tell you one  thing we are fighting for. above all I am not  deprecating limited preparations when I attack"  militarism. Until there is a more complete understanding amongst the nations every country must  be prepared to defend its own rights and inte^  rests and liberties. I have been responsible for  finding larger sums of money for the defence of  this country than any of my predecessors, and  handsomely have I been abused for it. (Laughter.) I havejio doubtthatI tlmi^tJtom_tip<X  to time: that economy was quite compatible with  efficiency. I am not deprecating for the moment  a country preparing itself years in advance for  the defence of its rights, but there is a sort of  militarism, that of which Germany is the centre,  which maintains that in sanguinary disputes between nations preparation for war is the only  thing that counts, and that the rights and wrongs  of ,the dispute are a matter of insignificance.  ' That is the basis upon which she calculated  when she invaded Belgium. She was wrong.  (Cheers.) She thought the military efficiency of  the plan was everything, and that the righteousness of-���������its details was nothing. It is essential in  the interests of the moral good government of the  world for the future that that slander upon destiny should be nailed once for all to the counter. (Hear, hear.) The fundamental error of the  German calculation is becoming more and more  manifest every day. They are beginning to realise that justice is the greatest of all military assets. (Cheers.)  "Golden Morrow at Hand."  The wrongful invasion of Belgium���������they admit it was wrong���������the trampling upon the rights  of a small nationality, has beco ne a military weakness to them. That is manifest now. It is becoming more manifest day by day. In a long struggle  is is the heart Jhat tells���������(hear, hear)���������nations.  They connot endure, and this wav is demonstrating that the justice of a nation's ciuse te in itself  a military equipment of the first magnitude and  importance. Sometimes when I rond the reports  I feel perplexed and baffled. I see accounts of  advances here and retirements ther������\ of victories  in this spot and mishaps in another, but through  it all I think I can see the hand of lustice more  sure, gradual, slow but certain, gripping the victory. (Cheers.)  "Watchman, what of the night? It is still  dark, and the cries of rage and anguis. still rend  the air, but the golden morrow is at hand, and the  valiant youth of Britain will returnfroM the stricken fields of Europe, where their herois i has proclaimed to the world that justice is thi? best sustenance; for valour, and that their valoui has won  a lasting triumph for justice. (Loud cheers.)  Mr. Lloyd George then resumed his siat, having spoken for over an hour.  KING GEORGE VISITS THE BRITISH  TRENCHES.  London, Dec. 3.���������King George, who has been'  visiting the British troops in Flanders went out  to the firing line today. He talked with the  men by their camp fires and is- was wonderful to see the delight and .enthusiasm awakened  by the royal visit.  The King;seemed eager to know from the men  themselves how they were fed and what life on  the firing line was like. The men talked freely in  reply to a hundred questions as to their comfort  and left an indelible impression ow their dogged  resolve "to see this thing through" until the Germans were finally and fully' beaten.  PRO-GERMAN IRISH NEWSPAPER  OFFICES RAIDED IN DUBLIN.  Irish Traitors thought to Book at Last.  Dublin, Dec. 3.���������The police raided the office  of the Irish Freedom, a monthly newspaper which  has been opposing enlistment and expressing pro-  German sentiment. All copies of the newspaper  on newsstands were confiscated. The police also  prevented the distribution of another newspaper  of similiar tendencies.  There has been widespread agitation in England for the suppression of these arid similar Irish  publications.  RENNENKAMPF REPORTED TO HAVE LOST  HIS JOB.  London, Dec. 3.���������"The Morning Post's" Pct-  rograd correspondent says he hears that the Russian General Rennenkampf has been suporsi'ded  because he was two days late in taking up a position through which the German armies in Poland  were to have been hemmed jn. -This failure, the  correspondent says, robbed Grand Duke Nicholas'  strategical scheme of its full success a week ago  and entailed a week of heavy fighting and resulted'  in the hurrying up of large German reinforcements.  General Rennenkampf is of course of German  extraction and this, if correct is the secon.l deadly  failure laid to his account in this campaign. The  first was the loss of nearly 2 army corps in East  Prussia,  SESSION OF PROVINCIAL HOUSE  ANNOUNCED FOR JANUARY 21.  Victoria, 2nd Dec.���������Sir Richard McBride announced to-day that the��������� house will convene on  January 21, the third Thursday in the month, aud  ministers are now engaged in formulating the legislative programme.  In view of the fact that but one week day this  year intervenes between Christinas Day and the  following Sunday.an Order-in Council was passed  declaring Saturday, December 26, to be a public  and bank holiday. This also applies to Saturday,  January 2, 1915. THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, December 4, 1914  ������y*������  TIUBEK  BEOV^ATIONS  Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 043  Corner Broadway and Main    *  A. F. McTavish, Prop.   X  *  ***************&&^fr******** t*.tt***********************  ���������^���������{^^.j^^^^^^M":^****** ���������^H���������*4^*x������������������H^^^������MM^���������4M^4MH^M���������  COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS  Cash or  Easy  Payments  $40000     I  Stock to   |  Choose    t  From  Come in and talk it over when looking for furniture.  BAXTER & WRIGHT  Phone Seymour 77l  416 Main Street  lJMJ44{������������j..jt������}44{4������}������>}..J4������}4<JM}^MJMJ4^44{M{M{MJMJw{^4^4J������      ������t4������J������.t*,t*������I,*J*.I*^"J^~M^M"J,4M*,J"M*-t*,'***I*-!-,J*.t*  Commercial Printing ai "Western Call" Office  Biisinws Mini':j  No Panicky War Wing  Nq far prices  This old established  house is still anxious to  do business with you--*  complete stock of Heating  Stoves, Malleable Ranges  and Household Goods.  PAINTS,   OJJLS  anpxGRASS  We Fiux Not Be Undersold  W.ROwenlUVlprrison  The Kit. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  Governing Timber on Dominion lands  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the  North West Territories, the Railway  Belt in the Province of British Columbia, and the tract of Three and a Half  Million Acres Located by. the Dominion  in the Peace River District in British  Columbia..  '   Xlcens������a  A license to cut timber on a tract not  exceeding twenty-five square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of $5.00 per square  mile,' per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Yale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of  5 cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section 20 ot the  regulations.  Timber Permits and Sum  Permits may be granted In the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile in extent, on payment of dues at  the rate of 50 centB per thousand feet,  B.M.i and subject to payment of rental  at the rate of $100 per square mile, per  annum.  Timber for Home-teaders  Any occupant of a homestead quarter  section having no timber of his own  suitable for-the purpose may, provided  he has not previously been granted free  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut the quantity of building and  fencing timber set out in Section 51 of  the Regulations. '  W. W. CORY.  Deputy of the Minister of the Interior,  synopsis or coaxi amrrero  \ BEGOT.ATXOHB  Coal mining rights of the Dominion,  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portlnof the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a. term of twenty-one years at an annual  rental of $1 an acre. Not more than  2569 acres will be leased to one applicant.  Application fori a lease must be made  by the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district in which  the rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Bach application must be accompanied by a fee of $5, which will be refunded if the rights applied for are not  available, but npt otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at the rate of 6 cents  per ton. '  The person Operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity ef merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns  should be furnished at least ence a year.  The lease will include the ceal mining  rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the  rate of $10.00 an acre.  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to  any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands. "  W. W. CORT.  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N. B.���������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement will not be paid for.  PREDICTS HUGE  1915 WHEAT CROP  U. S. Expert Expects the Greatest Area in History to be  X Planted. '  .Heavy Demand Seen.  wr  -������' ACT AK9 AMJMPXHOf  ������������������.���������:��������� ACTS.  TAKE NOTICE that The MacDonald-  Godson Company, Limited, intends to  apply at the expiration of one month  from the date of the first publication  of this notice to the Registrar of Joint  Stock Companies that its name be  changed to "MacDonald Bros.", Engineering Works, Limited."  Dated at Vancouver, B. C. this 26th  day of November A.  D. 1914.  *. w. gtoekton,  Secretary  413 Granville Street,  Vancouver,  B.  C.  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled tor Quality or Prices in Vancouver  This is the Oldest Established  Market in Vancouver, an example  of. " The Survival of the Fittest." -��������� ������������������-  Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor s FRANK TRIMBLE  Phone: Fairmont 257  I II. Mum  ~^~���������StrGQ;      ���������  We are offering this week  exceptional values in  Ingrain Papers  Now is the time to secure  your paper for your front  room, dining room or hall  and to have them done for  the least possible outlay.  Before placing your order  for Fall decorations, kindly  call or phone  S. B. Redburn & Co.  Washington, D.C.���������-The greatest wheat area in the world's history will be planted for the 1915  harvest as a result of the European war, in the opinion of  Charles M. Daugherty, statistical  expert of the department of agriculture.   Mr. Dougherty says:  " As aresult of the war in  Europe a world wide tendency  exists to increase the acreage of  wheat. *��������� Doubtless the most extensive area in the history of the  world will be seeded during the  present autumn and coming  spring. A prospective heavy  demand for this important food  grain by the. importing countries  of western Europe is likely.  South American Wheat In  "In the southern , hemisphere  seeding was completed before the  war began, and the effect of present economic conditions upon  extension of area--will be manifest Only in the spring and summer of 1915.  "In Europe, where ordinarily  over half the world's wheat is  produced, the indications are that  all available labor resources, in  both neutral and contending nations, will be utilized to the utmost for getting in full or increased areas. ��������� In Italy, whose  wheat acreage is ordinarily second in extent to that of no state  in Europe excepting Russia,  1,000,000 acres,, it is said, will be  added to the crop.     ;  took to Neutral Nations.  "Because of strained labor conditions and Vof. the occupation of  certain territory during seed time  by contending, troops in Europe,  some local contractions of area  seem inevitable. The reduction,  tral nations.   .  "In western Europe, particularly in Eugland and France, the  however, is likely to be compensated by increased sqwings in neu-  autumn sowings of wheat are  somewhat in arrears, but as a  large part of these countries is  favored with a mild climate,  making sowing operations possible at times during the entire  winter, little anxiety is expressed  over the present delay.  A ROMANCE  OHHtWAR  TO SUPPLY MILLION  HORSESHOES A MONTH  Former   English   Newspaperman  Becomes a Captain of Industry  , A romance of business is revealed by an advertisement in the  British papers for farriers. No  number is specified. Every farier  in the kingdom is wanted and the  job is to supply 1, 000 000 horseshoes a month for the British  army and its allies. America  made a strong bid for the business  but was defeated by a man without capital but with unbounded  enthusiasm. This man is A. E.  Hill, a former newspaper man  who some years ago became interested in the art of the farrier, and  finding that the trade had no  mouthpiece, stated a little monthly paper called "The Farrier."  He studied his subject and soon  became an enthusiast, and when  the London County Council decided to start a school of farriery  in connection with its technical  education courses Hill was selected to organise it. When the war  office found itself up against the  demand for a million horseshoes a  month it asked for the greatest  expert in England, and was told  to send, for Hill. When he ar-  rived he was asked if he could  organise a army horseshoe department and he replied at once that  he could. He was told that a  number of Philadelphia firms had  submitted bids but that the war  office wanted .to keep control; of  its own supply,' and he assured  Kitchener that he would do the  work at less cost. The result was  that he was appointed at once a "  director of supplies, with the  rank of colonel, and he is now  looking for farriers and getting  them too. I am told that the  war office has a new pattern shoe  for winter work which is a great  improvement on that used by the  Germans.  iroTics.  NOTICE Is hereby given that an  application will be made to the Legislative Assembly of the'Province of British Columbia at its next Session, for an  Act to incorporate an Educational Institution, and being the Anglican Theological College of British Columbia, In  connection with the Church of England  in Canada, and under the authority of  the Provincial and General. Synods thereof, with power tp aquire, hold, possess  and enjoy real and personal property  within or without the Province, and to  lease, mortgage, sell and transfer the  same; also with power to borrow, -or  loan money, and to give, or receive security therefor; also with power to arrange and teach classes in the Theological and allied subjects; to establish halls  in affiliation with said college, to af-  filate with the University of British  Columbia, and with other Halls already  established, and to confer degrees, in  Divinity, and generally to exercise and  enjoy all such other rights, powers and  privileges as are usually possessed by  Theological  Colleges.  .   Dated this  28th  day of November A.  D.   1914.  Cowan BitchU fe Orant.  Solicitors  for   Applicants.  S. Mary the Virgin, South Hill.  (Cor. Prince Albert St. and 52nd Ave)  8:00 a.m.-pHoly Eucharist.      : ri  11:00 a.m.���������Matins and Sermon.  - (Late Celebration on 1st and 3rd.  Sundays).  3:00p.m ��������� Children's Service (Third n  Sunday).  4:00  p.m.���������Holy   Baptism   (except  third Sunday); and Qhurchings.  7:30 p.m.���������Evensong and Sermon.  ROP AND OUN  Bonnycastle Pale is the leading  contributor to the November issue  of Rod and Gun issued by W. J.  Taylor, Limited, Woodstock, Ont.,  writing on the subject "Trapping  in Ontario 191344. In "panderings in the Winter Woods" W.  Dustin White describes vividly  the joys of the winter camping  trip. '' Bear Trapping and Pack  Carrying in B. C." tells of a  hunter who trapped a husky bear  weighing sonie one hundred and  sixty pounds and then carried  him on his back for a distance of  ten miles over an uneven woods  trail. "Biff and Hec and Me" is  a well written account of a canoe  trip in the northern wilderness.  The remainder of the magazine  is replete with interesting articles  and the various departments, are  well maintained.  South Vancouver Undertakers  Hamilton  Bros,  We are foremost in our line for  Moderate Priced Funerals  6271 Fraser Street Mont Fraser 19  MH*H,**,H������W4,^'H^M^������>*H^H^  Real Estate and Insurance Brokers  CONVEYANCING  ftENTS COLLECTED  LOANS NEGOTIATED  t BtiONaMtVUM: ���������_ ^    x x 260 Kingswwy  Vancouver, B. C.  .J.^..*.������J..j4.J^j4*J..J^������J������j44j..J..J<.J^J..J..J^J..J..J^������J������,J..J.     ������J~J.������J~J.^4J4.J..J4.J^J.������J������.J.������;.4J..J..J..J^..J..JmJ..J^J..J..������..J.  2317 Main Street  Phone Fair. 998  FOR SALE CARDS HERE  *************************'***<^^^^  SNAP FOR CASH  OR ON TERMS  Four Good Lots at  White Rock, B. C. -';-'.'.'  APPLY TO OWNER, WESTERN CALL  203 KINGSWAY  ���������r  -   i  *  *  *  A  t  AT HOME  AT THE CLUB  AT THE HOTEL  Ask for  Wilkinson's  The Health-Giving  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes  THE HUDSON'S DAY COMPANY  SOLE  IMPORTERS  I  J Friday. December 4, 1914  THE WESTERN CAL1  I  L OF AMERICAN IDI  ,       Located on Penmylvani*' Aveniae, 18th mod H Streets^  -  Washington's Newest Hot������L"x   J       ,X  Ideally   situated,   within   two blocks  ot  the  Executive  Mari^i .  ���������ion. only a short walk to the public buildings,-*hops, theater*  and points of historical ��������� interest to visitors and tourists.  The     famous     Indian     Grill Room, the beautiful Palm Court,x  the delightful Tea Room, Grand Pipe   Organ'   (only   one  of  its  kind   in   Washington),   and   an Orchestra of a superfine order,.  ������re  attractions greatly appreciated by Powhatan guests.  Rooms with detached bath,   $1.50, $2.00 and up.-  Rooms   with   private   bath,   $2.50, $3.00 and up.  Write for booklet with map.  CLIFFORD M. LEWIS,  Manager.  Ask for iiwcbl IVMnur for Brio-I (topic*. ComatfaM. Ttnrtrt Path*, Sckooli and CnltacM.  Mim  1  t     ��������� -���������  >|*<tNf**f**f**S**f*  ���������  Our Vancouver Industries  /  **  y  i  *  t  f  ������  -I.-  .*-  %  I  n  Use Puel Oil  and Save Money  If you are interested in reducing your. Fuel Bill,  see us. We are saving money for others, and.can  do the same for you. ;  We supply and install Fuel Oil Plants of jail  descriptions. We do not advocate a cheap plant,  but we can. satisfy you when results are considered.  We have a large number of plants now in operation in hotels, office buildings, apartment houses,  schools and colleges.  Fuel Oil Equipment Company  *  LIMITED  713 Pacific Bldg.     Phone Sey. 3727     Vancouver, 6. C.  FACTORY OH J.  LECKIE & CO.  LTD.  ft4J44$M{Mg44fr43Mfr^34^,j4^4$Mg4^Mfr4fr|JM}44^44fr.|44{������ft.fr������}Mfr^M$^^  11 V..^H'*4,**^^X^~J'*4^*^^  | Pease Pacific F^  [ft HEATING AND VENTIUTiNQENOINEERS  3. ' '���������' .,  MANUFACTURERS  % '-'"' ii I���������* *)1 Steani Heaters and Ventilators for Public Buildings  J'- H Cj ft fill ITI V       Warm Air Furnaces ��������� Combination Furnaces  % .���������  ;#-������VV������MM$$$J -      steam and Hot Water Boilers. Registers  %'������������������'��������� ii I _l __ n 1 " Steam arid Hot Water Boilers  ���������"** Ideal  mvdf       Radiators. Pipe and Fittings  J* . - - - _ '  $   |t 16 homer St.     Vancouver, p. ci     Te|> Sey, 3230  ������^������4������4>^������������fr.^.^^M^������������X"X^^^x,,$^$^4,,^,5^'X^  V Buy your old country paper on the   hill.���������Why pay carfare down town?  No raise in prices.  Sketch and Mirror 10c.  V "Sta? SuX/'papers. f " " ������'��������� worth reading,  we have it."  That New Store  ������ LEE BUILDING- PHONE FAIR. 2190  Save the Coupons���������Free Diamond Ring Christmas. V  -V  lir&.^.s>^^.{H}..H������^4K^<K4^$^������M������^  I; *  30,000 square feet of factory space where more than 300 machines  and 125 hands are turning out 500 pairs of shoes per day.  Present possible output X000 pairs per day.  ]���������> *  :'4,  j______^,  BCi  Sl        m *j< 'v   (iiuxn-4     ^f/tOm  *t-:,    ,-yJm  Are you going to  wear this winter?  Why  ���������������  ������ ���������  * *  4 ������  I   ������  H  f  T  5*  T  %  Leckie's, of Course  .--'������������������' T  And I am going to see that my wife buys them ������  for THE BOYS too.    They-are the best to |  wear and are made in Vancouver. *  * ���������?  ,.x-*****<������X"X������<~X'*m***^^  . A ������'������">������>vt������'^t.^.>H|,n.,>,.>.^M������..������.>H������..t.l|..|l.|.ltw>..>i.������i|i^l.i������ft"|iii"i"t"������''i''������  SNAP!  50x100, corner 29th Ave. and  St. Catharines Street, modern  7-room house.  YOUR OWN  PRICE FOR CASH  APPLY WESTERN CALL  Phone Seymour 817T  STOREY ^  518-520 BEATTY ST. VANCOUVER, P.C.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Light and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES,  WAGONS,  Etc.  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. C.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  i  t  MM mm.iikwm wnm  LIMITED  j Gate  Valves, Hydrants, Brass  Goods, Water  t Meters, Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe  j and Pipe Fittings  I Railway Track Tools & White Waste  t Concrete   Mixers   and   Wheelbarrows  PHONE SEYMOUR 8942  o*  HOI Dominion Bldg., Vancouver  r  %  I DRESSMAKING PARLORS i  j.".'-.-.' .-���������'������������������.. ��������� -.. *_  ��������� No. 4 Seventh Avenue, East *  4* ... - v  * *  ********<******^:********.^^.:^^  *���������* * * * ,** *���������* * , * * _��������� .���������<_. .������.������<.��������������������� *.���������* ,.    *.*..���������*.���������.*���������*+*������.A i*******t ***,***  I  4  _��������� Why Does a Black Hen Lay a White Egg? !  tv ; ��������� ! -���������  t  f Who  cares !���������Pratt's Poultry Regulator   will f  f produce the egg and that's more important to you. f  t We carry a full line of POULTRY SUPPLIES |  | at lowest prices.   Call and inspect our stock. j  | F. T, Vernon |  f . The Mount Pleasant Feed Store. |  I Pboie Fairmont 186 255 Broadway Eist I  **^****aW**M^********<������W**^^  ���������:��������� ���������  * J. Dixon                                                                     G. Murray           ������J-  2 House Phone: Bay. 886.                                    House Phone: Bay. 1137L   %  $ Office Phone:                                       t  Z Seymour  8765-8766                                . X  ���������I* ���������!���������  t  v  X  DIXON & MURRAY  Office and Store Fixture ilanufacturers  Jobbing Carpenters  Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining  Vancouver.    B,  *  .;.     Shop! 1065    unsmuir St.  ! HEATING EconoT���������^o^iciency' 1  ���������!���������  ������.������.������.������.������.������.������. ****** *- ���������.������������������_.���������>  Our Business has been built up bv merit alone  LEEK & CO.  * Heating Engineers.  :   1095 Homer St. Sey. 661 %  ��������� ��������� *  I      6  PER CENT. MONEY  >   Loans may be obtained for any purpose on acceptable Real  *  ;��������� Estate security; liberal privileges; correspondence ^  ;���������. solicited. %  A. C. AGENCY COMPANY |  ;1    758 Qas, Electric Building Denver, Colorado   *  'rW*******^^**.****.^^ 8  THE WESTERN CALL.  ^^n^a^D^en^er^i^l^  Tl  The first dollar John Wanamaker made he invested in newspaper advertising; so he tells us.  His business has expanded year by year and  after trials of every sort, he finds the newspaper  the best result producer for the smallest cost.  T-S  V  ADVERTISED*  The  PHONE Fairmont 1140  203-7 KINGSWAY  >    ��������� 4"   J> ������  THAT PROfi  WE  Send your friends the 0eetww <$tfo semm on  a personally designed card.  They are both artistic and mexpmsirve.   Catt m  look over owr sWfiirplM  taste.   Prices range from $1.00 per��������� aozen up. V  This includes envelopes\ tomatch every card.  FINE  ART CALENDARS  at prices below those you arepaymgfor the same  class of work produced po/rtly in Eastern Canada  and partly in Germany. Order your calendars  from us in three and four colors. We have specially prepared sample book for this class of work,  x  GOME AND SEE FOR YOURSELF  CITY PRESS, Ltd.  COMMERCIAL, LEGAL, SOCIETY AND ART PRINTERS  PHONE Fairmont1140 - X    -.���������'������������������*.        - 203-7 K1NQSWAY  AV


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