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The Western Call Nov 20, 1914

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 i        *"  >~  Subscribe for  The Western Call  Xoday  VOLUME VI.  See Advt.  oh Back Page and  Act To-Day  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  VANCOUVER. British Columbia, NOVEMBER, .20, 1914  5 Cents Per Copy  No. 28  The  Kaiser's  New Junior  Partner  * ,  j i >.  How E^rds Protect Us From Our Unseen Foes���������Aijj Article That AH Should Read���������See Page Five  Wak^ Ip, Canadians!    Thi Whole World is at War  ^a\ ���������*,  THE WAR  Field-Marshall\Earl Roberts, of Cabul, Kand-  ^ahar and Paardeberg, is dead.  Died in harness at the battlefront after along  [life spent in honest service for God and king and  I country. What better monument or honourable  ���������degree can any man desire. X  Bom on September 30th, 1832, at Cawnpore,  I India���������died at British headquarters in France  November 14th, 1914. Buried in St. Paul's Cath-  ledral, Thursday, 19th November.s 1914, regretted  |by friend and foe alike, leaving, as his best re-  hninder to those of us that remain, his great, pas-  [sionate, throbbing message tliat every.man in the  [British Empire1 should get ready to defend the  [liberties we���������before any other people on earth  lhaye striven for and maintained these many hun-  |dred, aye, many thousand years. \  The Grand Duke Nicholas has not been able  to keep Poland free from Germans. The Kaiser,  kby means of his marvelous system of strategic  Irailroads has suddenly concentrated a great force  lbn the Russian centre and driven a wedge into  [Poland on the Wartha-Vistula line that, at this  ] writing, (looks distinctly dangerous. General  (von Hindenburg is once,again the idol of Berlin.  The Russian Invasion of East Prussia and  ralicia continues to advance strongly and the  (Grand Duke may have another, surprise ready  [for the Kaiser.   If not, the Russian right and left'  /���������ill" be quickly halted in order to strengthen the  sentre. "  Meantime a cry for help has come from Servia  rho according to this report has suffered great  loss of numbers.  The battle front in the North of France and  jjri Flandefs remains almost unchanged With deeds"  )f the greatest heroism reported from the firing  line, where one great continuous battle.is raging.  [The Allies, according to latest report,s have at  [last succeeded in smashing in the enemy's line at  irras-Armentieres, a point that h^s been held by  the Germans against all assaults ever since. the  jreat forward rush to Paris in August.' This is  step forward to Cpiirtrai and Tournai that may  (have decisive consequences, and the Kaiser may  jhavecause to deeply regret the weakening of the  (western battle line to strike at the Grand Duke  ]ln the east.   South of Arras the siege-like operations continue without change.  In Asia Minor the Russian advance seems to  |iave been halted by the Turks in the mountains  >efore Erzeroum,and also on the slopes of Ararat.  Frelizond has been bombarded by the Russian  fleet and several buildings and the oil tanks set  iblaze. There is alate report via Berlin wireless  fchat-the Turkish-and-Russian -fleets haveonet in -=-  Ithe Black Sea, and after the serious damaging  lof one of the Russian battleships the rest of the  [Russian' fleet withdrew, pursued by the Turks.  JThe source of this information does not inspire  [confidence in its truth, but the naval forces in the  [Black Sea are near enough a balance to make  [things interesting;  Rumours are ripe of a Japanese contingent to  [fight the Turks in Asia, also of 'first Canadian  [contingent being sent to Egypt.  The outstanding event of the week has been  Iche British Budget, perhaps the greatest financial event of the world's history���������so far. Without  in instants hesitation the House voted a war loan  i������f nearly two billion, and an added army of a  million men to the two million already in training and in the field. Lloyd George estimates that  the -war will cost Great Britain over two -billion  [i year, and that if every Briton sticks to his task  Ivho is not in the firing line or in training camp  pr on guard duty���������then Britain will be able to1  l)ay for the war out of her yearly savings and  [yithout impairing her capital.  Apparently Britain lias buckled on her armor  [ind means .to see this war through.  Fifty millions to Belgium, thirty-five millions  fo South Africa, four millions for Servia, all-Can-"  [Via and Australia's war needs financed, and this  Hthout even a groan.   Surely John Bull deserves  rell of his children, and'he is getting it at last.  Jut none too soon. ^~.  Subscriptions  to  the   Christmas  :und. of Ward V  Red Cross Society  lay   be   sent to the  Western Call,  XOJ Kingsway.  Gilbert W. Hall rejoins his regiment in Britain  for active service, leaving Vancouver on Sunday  light.  |( Mr! Hall has seen service in Africa, India and  "ibet, in which last place he was on reconnais-  jtnce work four months ahead of the troops.    -  Mr. Hall rejoins his regiment with the rank  If sergeant.  v  The Kaiser Discards His Former Junior Partner and Takes  a New One.  -From  N.Y. Herald  Sweet Uttle Man  By OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES  All the brave boys under canvas  are sleeping,  All of them pressing to march with the van,  Far from the home where their sweethearts are  weeping;  What are you waiting for sweet little man?  Bring him the buttonless garment of woman!  V Cover his face lest it freckle and tan;  Muster the Apron-stringaGuards on the Common,  That is the Corps for the sweet little man!    y  All the fair maidens about him shall cluster,  Pluck the white feathers from bonnet and fan,  Make him aplume like a turkey-wing duster���������  That is the crest for the sweet little man!  Now then three cheers for the stay-at-home Ranger  Blow the great fish-horn and heat the big pan!  First in the field that is farthest from danger,  Take your white feather plume, sweet little  man !        ���������  ���������'������������������'./ .....  Chorus:���������-  Sweet little man, 0 sweet little man!  What are you waiting for, sweet little man,  All the brave boys under canvas are sleeping, ���������  What are you waiting for, sweet little man!  Sensational Moving Pictures  The Chicago* Tribune lias, by special arrangement with the Belgian Government, secured the  privilege to take Motion pictures on the Belgian  battlefields.   X- ��������� .  These have been taken under the most dramatic adventures by Edwin F. Weigle, Staff Photographer of The Chicago Tribune.'  Numbers of the pictures have been taken .on  the firing line with shells bursting all around the  operator and his machine and staff and have  been condensed into 4 reels that are perhaps the  most sensational event of the Movie-World.  They portray the Burning-of Antwerp, The-  Battle of Alost, The Destruction of Terinonde,  The Battle of Aerschot, The Flooding of Lierre  and The Battle of Malines.  These motion pictures were shown last .Saturday, for tlie first time in the Studchakcr  Theatre and will shortly be shown all over this  continent. We understand ��������� that .50 per cent of  the profits on these pictures goes to tlie Belgian  Rel Cross Society. \  We trust that our enterprising Movie-men in  Vancouver will at the earliest moment put these  4 World-moving reels on exhibition.  PLACER MINING ON BRIDGE RIVER FRONT.  Report of Minister of Mines.  PANAMA CANAL "DRY"  Navigators Must Take Firm Seat on Water Wagon  Panama,Nov., 16.���������Col. George W. Goethals,  governor of the Panama zone, signed an order today placing all persons engaged in canal transportation on a strict temperance basis. The order  provides that all persons employed on the canal  who have marine licenses must abstain absolutely  from liquor. This includes pilots taking ships  through the canal., the captains of tugboats, mates  and others.  South Fork of Bridge River.  For more than twenty years, placer-mining,  both by sluicing and hydraulicking, has been  carried on intermittently with varying results.  An old Indian named "Hunter Jack" years ago  took out quite considerable gold, and since then  D. C. Hamilton has been working placer-ground  by sluicing, with such success as must be deemed  satisfactory to himself at least, because he works  energtically every year,.,and "pays his way" with  gold-dust, much of which is in heavy particles  and small nuggets.  Golden Dream Mining Company, has aeqtiired  WAKE UP CANADA!  Once more I venture to adress my fellow native  born Canadians. The reveille has twice sounded,  and most of you are still asleep. Is there no way  of awakening you to a sense of your danger f Our  Empire is engaged in a tremendous struggle for  its very existence, and to vindicate the cause of  truth and liberty for humanity. Will you sleep  on and take your rest, unmindful of your duty to  the mother of nations, and in fancied security  from attack pr molestation, relying for protection  on your brother citizens of the Empire and their  allies"? Think what you have at staked���������civil  and religions freedom, a partnership in an Empire  jthat stands for the highest and noblest ideals of  humanity, and a clear title to a heritage rich beyond the dreams of avarice in all that goes to  make a country great. Should the enemy win,  this fair land will become a German province  under the despotic military rule of a Prussian  oligarchy, and if you dare to resist, your cities  * and fertile lands will be devastated like those of  Belgium. Canada has as much at stake in this  war as Britain. Will you not realise this, or do  you need a personal lesson to impress it on you?  When some of the few'who haye already given  their services shall have gone into the firing line, .-  and have sealed their patriotism in blood, then  possibly you will feel we Canadians have a part'  to perform in this greatest war of the ages.  The time to dp. our part* is NOW, not six  months or a year hence/ A steady stream of reinforcements should flow into the lines of our allies  till our enemy is crushed, broken, and thrust.  back in complete defeat to surrender unconditionally and abjectly.sue for peace.; Our duty then  as Canadians is to-prepaty ouifeelvesV #t once to  - send our quotas-to this steady atrwm. " Pur militia  units should be besieged by would-be recruits, and  every man physically capable should be acquiring  a military training. Then, if he is needed, he\is  ready, if he is not needed, the training will have  done him a world of good anyway. If the spare  time which is now devoted to frivolous amusements, amateur admiration of professional sport,  and idleness, were given to fitting ourselves for  a man's primary duty���������self and national defence  ���������then our enemies would know that we are not  to be trifled with, and that the British Empi< ���������  is unconquerable.  Five per cent of native-born is too ridiculously  small a proportion in tbe second contingent now  being mobilized. But even if those who have already volunteered were all natives of the old  land, why should our young Canadians stand  aside and allow others to assume their responsibilities, making no preparation to fit themselves  =for the-duty-of-national-defence-?������������������-=���������   Fellow citizens, WAKE UP! Get into training, physical and mental, that will make you  of some use. Discipline your minds by thinking  reading and talking of the heroic deeds of your  ancestors, and the feats of British arms down to  the present day. Cultivate the spirit of tenacity  of purpose that knows no surrender. Discipline  your bodies to endure fatigue and hardship, and  strive after proficiency in the use of the rifle,  bayonet, sword and lance, so that you may be of  some use to your country, and a force that your  enemy will fear. This is no time for sickly.sen-,  timentalism over the blessings of peace. If the  dictum "In time of peace prepare for war" has  been neglected, let us now in time of Avar prepare  to make possible a lasting peace, by so completely  crushing this Prussian militarism that it can  neve** again become a menace. Our national  honour.'our national pride, our national existence  demand our instant action.  WAKE UP, CANADIANS!  Lieutenant-Colonel  Geo.  Acheson, R.O.  9 Proctor Boulevard, Hamilton, Ont.  twelve bench leases, and two creek leases near  the mouth of the river. The past summer this  company has been doing preliminary work in an  attempt to expose bed-rock. Two holes were  sunk to bed-rock, which, was exposed at a depth  of 16 feet, but the non-arrival of a pump and  gasoline engine retarded.the work, and the operators, being driven out by water, left this part  of the property to work on, their Cadwallader  creek holdings. This machinery was expected to  arrive soon after my visit and Mr. Dam, the manager told me he had arranged to resume work  as soon as possible.  PATRIOTIC CONCERT  A Grand entertainment was held last night in  the Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian Church in connection with the sale of work, held "under the auspices of The Woman's Guild.  The Concert was under the direction of Mrs.  R. L. Bridgman and consisted mainly of popular  and patriotic selections���������"Tipperary" being the  prime favorite. THE WESTERN CALL.  Friday, November 20, .1914  Prepare For  XMAS  No matter how scarce  money is, we must think of  Christmas, and with the  thought of Christmas comes  the thought of loved ones  far and near. Send some  little gift.  Art Needle Work;  Stamped Linens  Royal Society Packages  Embroidery Floss and  Silks  D. M. C. for Crochet  and Embroidery  .Berlin Wools  Most all shades.  ' SEE  Visit the Dent  OUR WINDOWS  2nd Floor.  *S  .'/.Special Hosiery-Value  Girls' and Boys' Ribbed Union  Cashmere Hose 25c and 35c j?r.  Other lines All Wool, 1 avA 1 or  2;and 1 Ribbed, special according to size at 35c, 40c, 45c,  50c and 80c.  ���������Bingham's Special 1 and 1 Ribbed  Hose for girls, - very fine, 35c  to       .-.      -       -       -       60c  Plain Cashmere Hose, 25, 35, 50  Ladies' Extra Large Size Hose,  All Wool special pair    -    75c  BLANKETS  Those fine soft fleecy wool blankets, special pair $4,50 to $8.00  ***********'*****************<^******^  I   SNIDER BROS. & BRETHODR, CONTRACTORS  1  V f '.'���������.*: *  *.,-.. .- ���������������������������.-*  * .-'>.��������� ������������������.������������������������������������.:���������  * '- *  * *************.l.*****.l^***^******^u^*****J*********** ^j.********.^.*********^******** *  COR. MAIN and Stli Ave.  PHONE: FAIRMONT 506  Phone Seymour 9086  r>  Vi.'  ^���������4^*iS_a_flB__w%  yf  Hx_������  x  '^.V  ,-,  in n-  in  J i.  "i  X ~    r< ^   -J  V  $|;X ***''' "<w"  j-^t*. ���������***- ���������  x '.    i    t    '*-  ���������*n     ~i    X    XI  3.        ' Xs tX     <   h      'X/1  > _  I ft"  "*i  ���������V^)  M  i    -9  ~r    ~ X  -       r  ,5.i  >l S 7  F'  "-   1  -r- ���������<-vi-,."  ." "     n'" X~ -^X   X^?*  v*.-vr  ���������<v-n*'  ^~\  i ^  vV/.'  J-,  '>%.  'r<������  "���������*������������������������' <:X- ���������-"t  >   ^*- "7 *4~?;w -  1    ������_  ^ AxXrx: ;  6  X <���������  ��������������� T.^....! Vl^illl. WH    mm. MHI..I 1.114ft     ll  ���������* i  ^l  t  i tii.li ilun  THE NEW DETENTION BUILDING, VANCOUVER  The new Immigration building, which completed, will cost well on to $300,000,  is now under construction by theAvell known Vancouver firm of contractors Messrs  Snider Bros, and Brethour. All the partners. ,of this Company are Native Sons and  have already erected in Victoria and Vancouver probably the largest number of  buildings of any contracting firm in the, country.  irTn>-*vg.un.u-._Bj.L4.imiJiJ-Ui..iii'i4i������4,-<g������ra������  T INSECT INVtSTIGAIlDS-i'  iNBER TO iTREESvIN STANLEY PA1  teas  We have special facilities for the  Collection of Principal and Interest on  Agreements of Sale, Interest on Mort-  gages, Rent Collections etc, etc.  VERY    MOD ER ATE    CHARGES  PROMPT   SETTLEMENT.  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  (One of  the   Registered  Companies)  122 Hastings St., W.  Our $6.50  Lump Coal  and $5.00  Nut Coal  Which again we say without  fear of contradiction, is the  same coal that some of our  most; prominent competitors  have charged you $7.50 and  and $8.00 for.  KIRK & CO.  929 MAIN ST. PHONE Sey. 1441  26 yean in Victoria.  Columbia, Dr. C. Gordon Hewitt,  Dominion Entomologist, s^nds the  following :���������  ���������'��������� Tlie forest- insect survey in  in British Columbia which was  undertaken last year in'co-operation'with the Provincial' Forest  Branch, has ���������������������������'���������been continued during the past summer. Mr. J. M.  Swaine, in charge of Forest Insect  Investigations; spent June and  July in continuing his Work, and  Mr. R. N. Chrystal, VPielcl Officer  for Forest Insects, has���������: been stationed in British Columbia  throughout the season. Our  knowledge of the districts infected and the extent of the more  serious outbreaks has been greatly extended and valuable ^ddir  tional information has been obtained in,regard to the habits of  MWiOi.tfeejlejtru^^^  voived. We have also been making detailed studies of the injurious insects which have, brought  abput the present unfortunate  conditions in Stanley Park.  ' It is found that the ainount of  dead hemlock in Stanley Park is  now much greater that in September of last year, many trees having died during the fall and winter.    The spruce trees along the  driveways are now so badly injured, by the Spruce Gall Aphid that  few of them are ' worth    saving.  Fortunately the greater   part   of  this foliage is hemlock and Douglas fir and is still (August 1st) in  fair condition.   The large spruce  in the interior of the Park are now  attacked  by the    Sitka    Spruce  Barkbeetle.   This infestation is (serious  and  control  measures  will  be necessary this winter if the remaining large spruces are to be  saved. /  'The dead' timber in the interior  of the Park is chiefly hemlock and  of this there are large areas. The  trees have been killed by repeated  defoliation by Therina caterpillars,  assisted by woolly aphides during  the early season. .The caterpillars  are not so numerous this season  and there is as yet little defoliation. It is possible that their parasites have already obtained control  and that the worst of the outbreak  is now over. If this proves to be  true the spraying which has been  recommended will not be so necessary, for the- present. The dying  and recently killed trees are serving as breeding places for injurious insects and fungi that will  later help to weaken and kill the  healthy trees. The Western Hemlock Bark-beetle, a destructive  species, is already established in  these dying trees. It will, therefore, be necessary to remove and  In response to a request for in-1properly dispose of this.dying and  formation in.'regard to the work!dead hemlock during the coming  during the past summer in British'fall'and- whiter; and if the areas  thus denuded are re forested ���������'��������� to  Douglas fir, the most healthy timber of the Park will be put in perfect condition for all time. It  should be made a settled policy to  replace the hemlock, as it gradually dies, by the much more  healthy Douglas fh\  'The''Bark-beetle infestation in  yellow pine in the Okanagan district is more extensive than at this  time last year and appears to be  spreading rapidly. The amount  of new infestation for the present  season will be estimated later. The  infested area surrounds Okanagan  Lake and extends as far west as  Princeton and Nicola. In ;the districts which have been infested  longest the destruction is enormous. Above Peachland, on Okanagan Lake, the yellow pine and the  black pjne have been practically  kiiied~r6ff"~D"^'We~b^^^  hillsides appear as though swept  hy a great fire, only the islands  and strips of Douglas fir remaining green. This infestation of the  yellow pine and the black or  'jack' pine is a. very serious matte!'  and timber Owners in the infested  egion and about its extending mar  gin should take due precautions  to check its spread. Fortunately,  such outbreaks can be controlled,  if taken in time, and under fsi-  vourable conditions in districts  which can be lumbered profitably  the control measures do not; involve much expense.  'The infestation of Western  white pine by the Western White  Pine Bark-beetle is reported from  additional localities this season.  If present conditions continue,the  white pine in many parts of British Columbia will soon be entirely  killed off. The owners of any  valuable stands of Western white  pine should be on their guard  against this most destructive enemy.  'The great loss already caused  by the Bark--beetle outbreaks and  the apparent certainty of still  greater destruction, demand vigorous control measures in many  districts. The proper disposal of  pine slash is a very important  factor, for the beetles frequently  breed to immense numbers in such  abundant supplies of breeding material and spread thence into the  green timber. It should be a settled  policy in British Columbia to  burn all pine slash each season between October and May, as an aid  to Bark-beetle control. The activity of other speeies of Bark-beetles in Spruce and Douglas fir will  apparently soon render the burning of spruce and fir slash equally  necessary.  Has not affected the quality  of Printing turned out by  our plant. Our high standard is still maintained, in  spite of the fact that prices  of raw materials have risen  considerably.  ~t'When you place an order  with us you can depend on  having it delivered in��������� ithe  shortest possible time, consistent with the best of work-  in anship and accuracy.  Terminal City Press, Ltd.  ao.v Kingsway     ���������  Phone Fairmont U40  -Are in demand this year,  many people finding them,  on account of the financial  stringency, appropriate  substitutes for the regular  Christmas gifts.  We have some excellent samples.  Terminal City Press  FREE  GUARANTEED  American Silk  HOSIERY  We Want You to Know  These Hose  They stood the test when all  others failed. They give real foot  comfort. They have no seams to  rip. They never become loose and  baggy as the shape is knit in, not  ?ressed in. They are GUARAN-  EED for fineness, for style, for  superiority of material and workmanship, absolutely stainless, and  to wear six months without holes  or replaced by new pairs free.  OUR FREE OFFER  fi To every one sending us 50c to  cover shipping charges, we will  send, subject to duty, absolutely  free:  ,<i Three   pairs   of   our  linen's    AMERICAN  famous  SILK  HOSE with written guarantee,  any color, or '  Three pairs of our Ladies'  HoBe in Black, Tan or White  colors, with written guarantee.  DON'T DELAY���������Of er expires  when dealer in your locality is  selected. Give color and eize  deBired.  The Interaational Hosiery Co.  21 Bittner Street        p  ' Dayton, Ohls, U. 5. A.  The Lee v/Vlason C6., Ltd.  Wallpapers, Painty Varnish, Oils,  Brushes, &c, All Greatly Reduced  Best quality Pkint;.'$3.00 for $2.50 Gallon  Furniture Varnish; 2.25 ���������    1.65  Rooms Papered  from  $4.00  up.  j������  561 BROADWAY WEST     Phone Fairmont 1520  B.C. EQUIPMENT CO.  Machinery dealers  CONCRETE   MIXERS.' STEEL   CARS,   ROCK   CRUSHERS,   ELECTRIC,  STEAM AND GASOLINE HOISTS.       WHEELBARROWS,  TRANSMISSION   MACHINERY,   GASOLINE   ENGINES,   PUMPS  AND ROAD MACHINERY.     .  Offices: 609=613 Bank of Ottawa Bldg.  Phone Seymour 9040 (Exchange to all Departments)  1   mn WW 11 r4������m>MUMM3~it^>iwpSAmtuv^w������n������i  SEALED  ���������ECURITY  is essential, to safe investment.  Our..Debentures guarantee a  a return of 5%���������are negotiable  DEBENTURES, -are secured by $7,480,339  Assets.  4% on Sayings .Deposits. Subject to cheque  withdrawal. Interest compounded ' .quarter-  yearly. .  ,e Great West Penasiei" Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg., Ground Floor  R.J. POTTS, Manager.    ^  Commercial Drive and 14th Avenue  "The Home of Quality"  Guaranteed Fresli  Eggs  Best Quality  Groceries  j. P. Sinclair, Prop.  PhoneFairnral 1033  HOUSEHOLD GOODS and OFFICE FURNITURE  3EH  BV EXPERT PACKERS USiNG ONLY NEW illtAN MAURIALS  CAHPPEll STORAGE COMPANY  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE-SHIPPING  PHONE SEYMOUR 7360. OFFICE 857 BEATTY ST.  JE  r*  The Bank of Vancouver  A HOME INSTITUTION  being the only Canadian Chartered Bank with Head  Office in British Columbia.  Savings  Accounts may be Opened at any branch of the Bank  with deposits of One Dollar and upwards. Interest  paid at the current rate.  A General Banking Business Transacted  .--|L. Friday, November 20.  1914  THE WESTERN CALL  3  For Sale and  For Rent  Cards  10c each 3 for 25c  WESTERN CALL OFFICE, 203 Kingsway  A DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Before employing a Private Detective, if you don't  know you/ man. ask your  legal adviser.  JOHNSTON, the Secret  Service Intelligent* Bureau. Suite 103-4  319 Pender St.. W.  Vancouver. B. C.  Try Our Printing  Quality-Second   to None  ���������.*. :���������--���������������_������  A. E. Harron  J. A. Harron  G. M. Williamson  HARRON BROS.  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS  i  %  $  t  T  T  T  X  *.m.**.:.*.:..:.*hW^^  VANCOUVER  Office & Chapel���������1034 Granville St.'  '" Phone Seymour 3486  NORTH VANCOUVER  Office & Chapel���������122 Sixth St. W.  Phone 134  HOW BIRDS PROTECT US FROM UNSEEN FOES  (Continuen from Page 5)  I JOS. H. bowman!  ARCHITECT  I 910-11 Yorkshire Building;' j  Seymour Street  Vancouver, B.C. .:  v*:*x-.v*************^  .i************************* ^.:..:..:..:.^..;..:..:.^...<.^<.,>^..;.^^^..:.^.:.^.^..^  $.1.00. DOWN AND $1.00 PER MONTH  Gas Fires do everything- in the line of heating, which can be secured  with'any open grate fire, and with the following advantages: '  CLEANLINESS���������No dust, dirt or trouble in laying or maintaining the  fire, removing ashes etc. ���������  CONVENIENCE���������A twist of the wrist, and a scratch of a match, starts  the fire in operation.     It may be turned of f as simply when the de-.  sired temperature is reached.  COMFORT���������The fire is perfectly regulated, thus avoiding the extremes  incident with the old fashioned grate.      i  ECONOMY���������The fire is ready for instant use, night(or'day.   It   gives  heat as '.soon as lighted, and all the fuel consumption stops as soon  as it is turned off.  Sec these Gas Fires and niake enquries concerning the Equipments at:  Vancouver Gas Co.       Manitoba Hardware Co.  Carrall & Hastings Sts.  I 133 Granville St., Near Davie  McCallum & Sons  2415 Main Street  1714 Commercial Drive  Gordon Brown & Co.  2021 Granville Street  spring of 1905 by the caterpillars  of the Oak Leaf-roller Moth. The  wood of Baron von Berlepsch, in  which there had long been nesting  boxes,  of which there are now  more than 2,000, was untouched.  It actually stood out among the  remaining   woods   like   a   green  oasis.   At a distance 'of a little  more than a quarter of a mile further, the first traces or the plague  were apparent, and at the same  distance further on still it was in  full force.    It was plain proof.-.pf  the distance   tlie  tits   and   their  companions had gone during the  winter  and  after their  breeding  time.    Similar  observations were  made during a plague of the same  insect  in  the   Grand   Duchy,  of  Hesse,   where tlie    protection    ol:  birds   luis   been   carried   on  in  a  sensible and energetic fashion for  over  ten  years.    Of 9,300  boxes  hung up by the government, in the  .State and Communal woods of the  Grand  Duchy of Hesse, 70 to 80  per cent, wcva   occupied   in   tlie  first year, and in 1907 all were inhabited.    On and near Baron von  Berlepsch's   Seebach   estate,    90  per, cent,  of 2,000 nest  boxes in  one wood    were    occupied,    and  nearly all of 500 and 2,100'in other  localities.      In  Hungary   similar  measures are taken, largely owing  t.o  the   admirable  work  of  Otto  Hermann,   one   of   the   -foremost  European advocates of bird protection.  'Some years ago when investigating   the   depredations-  of   the  Larch Sawfly in the English'Lake  District, 1 was impressed with the  value of birds as natural means ol:  control, and as birds in the worst  infested   district,   namely,  mere, were   not   so   abundant   as  they should have been, it was re--  ���������commended that  they should  be  protected    and"   encouraged ������������������_.by  means of nesting boxes.    Tlie corporation of the city of ��������� Manchester ������������������ owns1 Thirlmere, this lake being their water supply, and they  distributed  nesting boxes of the  pattern  which-  i1 devised.       The  .advantage of; this'box was that it  could be made out of the slabs" or  rejected    outer  .'.portions   M the  lumber bearing tlie bark."   Three  eqiml lengths of the slab are hailed  together to form: threeesides'of a  long  box,;  tbe 'outside .of  which,  bearing the. bark, was round and  &mi~titib*# (HaUoring  b. .^���������^.^���������^���������^���������^������������������^���������^���������^���������*^������������������^������^���������^���������^���������^���������^���������^*^���������^���������^���������^���������^���������^ ^���������^������������������^������������������^���������^������������������^������������������������������������^������������������^���������������������������������������������.^���������������������������^������������������������j-',!'.!������  ! DOMINION WOOD YARD CO.!  * ��������� ' t  I  Cor. Front and Ontario Sts.      Phone Fairmont 1554 I  A  Stored Under Cover  *.K.^..:~>.:~>**^^  IMPERIAL QUAUTY  THE IMPERIAL OIL  COMPANY, LIMITED,  a Canadian corporation with  over three thousand employees, is manufacturing and  distributing refined oils, gasolines and lubricating oils in  Canada for Canadian trade.  With its two large refineries  ���������at Sarhia, Ont, and Vancouver, B.C.���������and its five  hundred and twenty-nine  branches throughout the Dominion, it offers to the Canadian public the facilities for  securing the best grades of  Canadian-Made petroleum  products at the lowest prices.  MADE IN CANADA  the inside square. The fourth  side is made of a-flatpiece of wood  forming the back of the box; this  piece is longer than the other  sides, and projects above and below the box, thus providing  means of attaching the box to the  tree. The top and bottoms of the  box may be made, of slab wood.  Several holes should be bored in  the bottom, which is nailed on, to  keep the nest dry. The top is  hinged' to' the back board, and  when in use is fastened down by  means of ascrew, which permits  the lid to be opened for the purpose of cleaning out the old nests.  By so utilising waste lumber,  these boxes were made very  cheaply :a,t' the sawmill. In the  first year (1908) 60 boxes were  distributed and 31 per cent, were  occupied. The number of boxes,  was increased yearly, until, in  1911, there were 347 boxes, of  which 66 per cent, were occupied.  1 am informed that in .1913 75 per  cent, of tlie boxes were occupied.  '   'In addition to the provision of  nesting   places   for   those   birds  nesting   in   cavities   .and   hollow  places, the protection of birds involves the carrying out of other  measures also.    For birds nesting  on or near   the   ground   piles   of  logs or brushwood lnay be left in  sheltered places,  and thickets of  closely growing shrubs and vines  permitted   to   remain   here   and  there.      Piled logs will.also provide shelter for many birds during  inclement  weather.      While  most of our birds leave us during  the    winter,    except    in    certain  places  where  the  chieadees may  be found, there are certian occa-  hirl- sions    where    feeding    mhy    be  adopted with advantage.    Not infrequently   after  the   arrival   of  certain "of our early migrants in  the spring a cold spell and snow  occurs.    On such  occasions feeding can be resorted to with great  advantage.   ' The fact' that birds  require water is not so generally  realised    as" one    would  .wish  Especially is this the case during  our hot summer months.' ;. One of  the   .most    attractive    additions  which can be made to a garden is  aVbird's drinking trough, or fountain.    This    should    be    shallow  enough to permit the birds to take  a bath. The best type of artificial  bird water 'supply for a garden is  a shallow pool, two or three feet  in diameter, and a few inches deep  in ���������which a few reeds and water  plants  are  planted.      If  this   is  I placed in a wooded vomer of the  garden or shrubbery   it   will   be  constantly visited by all kinds of  small birds.  Long Distance  Every telephone is a IjQNG DISTANCE Telephone.  You can obtain the rates to any  point by asking the Toll Operator  If you don't know the number,  give the name and address to  Long Distance Operator.  If   your   service is   not   satisfactory  TELL US  -��������� . . i .  COLUMBIA TELEPHONE  Company, Limited  ���������_aBSBB9SBg  O"  t..m���������������:.-...4������)..m��������� ���������>������������������-������������������-*��������� *���������>���������������*������������������*.��������������������������������� ���������������������������������������._)...  9~9~m-***9-9"  ���������������������������������������������..t.������������..t..������������W.**~*.I  Phone 5ey.  1076H077  ���������o  *  ;  ������  Drop in and see our  new line of  PRIVATE CHRISTMAS  CARDS  203. Kingsway  ORDER YOUR  Calendars for 1915  -   AT THE  Western Call Office  OUR PRICES ARE LOW  J. HANBURY & CO., LTD.  1 Got*. 4 th Aveniso and GrativillG St*  i ��������� .   .   .    i  t ���������-..���������.���������.���������.������������������-������������������������������������������������������ .-��������� ��������� ���������������������������"���������:���������.������������������' j  1 /Wellington Coal, Cordwood and  Plainer Ends  |  ������*������..������.^^������������..������������%,.������..*.^>.������..*.*������~s..������..������������^.������������������..*^  Phone Fairmont 1140  Ring us up for  PRINTING OR ADVERTISING  r  n GOAL a  WHICH WILL. YOU SUPPORT  The Company which sells ) ( The Company which sells  British.Columbia. CoalLand/  OR _v American i Coal and em--  employs White Labor    )      .   {    ploys Oriental Labor?  Fifteen years in Vancouver Coal Trade  WELLINGTON ANP COMOX COAL  WHITE LABOR ONLY    ' ','/  Macdonald, Marpole Co., Ltd.  427 SEYMOUR STREET  PHONE SEYMOUR 210  "��������� ** -p*-  '������*������"���������������  tzsm  m  The pick of the best British  woollens.  Cloth bought by one of the  principals of the Semi-ready  house, with headquarters in  the heart of England's woollen  district.  ; Semi-ready patterns are  confined to us, because our  consumption is so great that  makers are glad to do special  work for Semi-ready.  Suits, $15 to $35.  Overcoats, $15 to $40.  Special Order Suits, $18 and up.  Dress Suits, $25 and $30.  ASTEHS*  RADIANT  WATCH  l vnunf  ,__u-������aui  <////\\\\  Thomas & McBain  655 Granville Street  COLD,  C.O.D.  is their Latest Production  A new Watch by a firm established 45 years. Masters Radiant watch la an ordinary watch  with the hands and fieures enamelled with radium whieh makes  them luminous,andtheyshow the  tine clear!? In tbe dark. It is a  day and NIGHT watcb, In fact  tbe darker the night the brighter  the bands and figures. With this  watcb hung up in your bedroom  yea can tee trie time any part of  the night. It U a speciality for  t^Me who prefer a watch difler-  aot to any other. Masters' Radiant watch is a genuine timekeeper, fully warranted, and fitted with their famous Veracity  lever movement and Solid Silver  Case*, price SOM 12 dolbrsl.free  to any part of the world, or on  onr special foreign terms, half-  easb, 35/-with order and 25/-on  delivery. Order one of these wonderful M/'RadiantWatches now.  Solid Gold Demi-JiuDiing lllatcii.  Another bargain is Masters Solid Gold  Dtmi-Honting Watcb, a splendid prediction, price only 90/-, er *5'-with  Older, and ���������������/- on delivery.    Special  attention is given to foreign orders.  Wtmfplj WaUkm, Kinf, JtwUtrr, Cutler*. Hstt, Gmutknm, taxi, Ctortfnf,  BTt.   CATJIOGOI wilt tt ttnt /tn and  fmt fold t* tnj addrm in tkt tmrld.  Gtld Ktiiemt Watttut, ������j ���������  MASTERS, It"  If the Catsh-on-Delivery System is In use in your country, then  you need only send 10 \ for either watch you select and pay  balance when you receive the Watch.   iMlert, LM-,!}������, Esglutf  MASTERS'   LTD.  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOGUE  may be seen at .  203    KINGSWAY  any day  between 8 a.m.  and 5 p.m.  Saturday till 12  noon.  Orders left with  V. Odium ,4  THE WESTERN CALL.  -JViday. November 20, 1914  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LTD.  HEAD OFFICE :  203 Kingsway, Vancouver  Telephone Fairmont 1140  Subscription s  One Dollar a Year In Advance  $1.50 Outside Canada  If you do not get "CALL" regularly  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  DURATION OF THE WAR.  A noted French military authority sets the  closing scenes of the war in 1917.  The present period of the war i. e. the battles  of the Aisne and Flanders he argues will terminate  in the early days of December. The Germans  will then retreat to their prepared lines on the  Meuse and the calculation is that the German  defence here will last for 5 month���������until end of  April or beginning of May.  The Battle of the Meuse will be succeeded by  "Die Wacht am Rhein" ��������� or the Battle of the  Rhine and this will last for 10 months, or say until February 1916.  When the "Watch on the Rhine" has been  broken through, then will come the final march  on Berlin, of Vhich our boys are already singing;  then the negotiations for peace and the armed  occupation until preliminary terms have been  carried put and proper guaranties established that  there shall be no pore "scrap of paper " incidents.  Last of all, the withdrawal of the Armies of  occupation ��������� bringing us well in to 1917, or a total, period for the war of a little less than 3  years.  Our French expert assumes that the Russians  will take quite as long to break down the Austrian and German resistance and that only the steady  and combined pressure of all the Allies will bring  the war to a conclusion in tlie time suggested.  The unexpected it is said always happens in  war; and although science has furnished us with  weapons of precision that have made strategy  almost unavailing, yelt the campaign Ion both  East and West frontiers has already shown that  the Allies possess quite superior strategists in the  game of war and that unless the Germans develop a leader superior to those that have been in  command, effective strategic moves may greatly  shorten the era that is trying the reins of the  Nations.  On the other hand the Germans have shown  ������ power of quickly massing their armies both  for offense and defense that, may greatly prolong  the war an4 the time of its ending is quite beyond  the foresight of man.  One thing is certain that the Allies will need  every man available and the sooner they are in  training the sooner the war will end.  The idea that democratic countries or those  ruled by working men are going to abolish war  is flatly contradicted by Australia. In Australia  Vto-day everybody votes and practically everything is done or enacted by popular vote, and  voting takes place almost every day. "Vox  populi " is carried to an extent that is practised  nowhere else on earth.  But to-day universal military service is also  carried to an extent in Australia that has no parallel in present day State life.  Australian lads of ten of twelve years begin  a more or less voluntary form of military train-  , ing.   It is an indulgent, happy-go-lucky sort of  thing, designed primarily to be of physical advantage.  When the lads'are fourteen years old, a limited military service is severely compulsory, with  penalties for evasion, and fines laid upon employers and parents who interfere, and this continues  with physical exercises, drill parades and rifle  practice, for four years, whereupon these cadets  are passed into the citizen force. Four whole-day  drills are required each year, and twelve half-  day drills and 24 night drills. A prefunctory  attendance upon these grave obligations���������inapt,  sullen, frivolous behaviour���������counts for nothing  at all.   If the cadet fails to be marked efficient  *^<^^r>******<^V***<~'^  I     BE PREPARED!  t  -        X  .'"������������������  X        Every Canadian should protect himself and ^  % family by carrying a policy in  * - .-.������������������'  1 MUTUAL LIFE OF CANADA  Established 1869  CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL'  For  rates  and  full information see our X  agents, or  W. J. TWISS  District Manager  317-319 ROGERS BUILDING  *<<.*********************a *******.******  9 ������  by his battalion officers, he must perform his service all over again. It. is no farcical affair  The truant youngsters are packed off to the muX  tary barracks for ten days of close confinement  and drill; and away they go in. a big Crape'wagon  in charge of a sergeant-major, and under escort  ���������a melancholy little crew, these truants, facing  ten days of absence from home,, with six hours  of drill on the hot parade ground, under a sergeant-major who doubtless knows how to improve  patriotism of small culprits with a. switch.  MIKADO MAKES GIFT TO  . CHRISTIAN INSTITUTION  Count Okuma announces un-precedented benefaction in Japanese capital.  Tokio.���������Emperor Yoshihito has donated 50,000  yen ($25,000) toward the foundation af St. Luke's  International Hospital at Tokio, which will be  conducted under the auspices of the Episcopal  Church mission, represented by Dr. Rudolph Teus-  ler.  The announcement of the Imperial gift to a  Christian institution, which is without precedent  here, was made, by Count Okuma, the Japanese  Premier, at a luncheon attended by fifty  of the most prominent persons in Tokio. The British Ambassador, Sir William Conyngham Greene,  sent a letter, and the American Ambassador,  George W. Guthrie, delivered a speech.  The substantial Imperial support, it is stated  here, assured the success of the undertaking,  which will cost about a half-million dollars.  It is planned to make the establishment the  most elaborate in the far east, and it will mark  a distinct advance in medical research work here.  Count Okuma, in making the announcement  of the Emperor's gift, said that the Emperor was  personally desirous of solidifying the international understanding. ";'  NO DISCRIMINATION   AGAINST HINDOOS.  South Vancouver.��������� Workingmen waited on  the council at its meeting recently relative to cutting cordwood on streetends, $nd during the discussion one of the workmen arose awl  said that there should not be any discrimination  against Hindoos, provided they were ratepavers,  as these were British. subjects and were doing  their part in the empire's defence. It was decided  to allow Mr. Cuthburt to cut 300 yards of bolts  and 150 yeards of wood on C. P. R. property, provided that residents of South Vancouver be employed. .. The council extended the privilege of  cutting cordwood on street end only to residents  or ratepayers, and these can sell the wood to whom  soever they chose. ?  CYPRUS SATISFIED.  In an official statement issued through the War  Bureau, the British Government declares the  Moslems of Cyprus gave assurances of their loyalty immediately fdtlojwing the issuance of the  proclamation of annexation. ^  *;������������������    aw. QUJST m sgy*t.      >  Alexandria.���������The heads of the Azhar Mohammedan University in Cairo, the most important  in the Moslem world, have counselled the Egyptian Moslems to remain tranquill in the existing  ���������crisis. X-  fjcwtwg mtw OONOO  FAVORABLE TO THIS AWES.  Bordeaux.;���������It is officially announced here  that in the region of the Ganga River j in tne  Congo, French troops, commanded by Gen. Ay-  merich, succeeded in driving the Germans from  the larger part of the territory lost in the 1911  convention. The military post, of Nzimou was  retaken after two days' heavy fighting on October  29. The Belgian Congo placed at the disposition  of the French forces the steamer Luxemburg and  15(Lsoldiers.������_ . ��������� ^  ,v ^^^  RRITiUN WIU. PAY WAR  EXPENSES OUT OF HER INCOME-  Says Sir George Paish:���������" We are now engaged  in the greatest war the country ever had to fight,  and we will need our savings to pay for the war.  I am hopeful, indeed, I have strong hopes, that  we shall be able to pay for that war^ out of our  growing savings, and we shall not have to encroach upon our capital. "'<  "With the British nation carrying on its business as usual, there is no reason why its income  should not be maintained and if its income is  maintained it will have the savings and the money  with which to pay for this great war put of its  income. This matter I know, is of great importance to this side, as there is a great deal of anxiety lest we in England should be compelled to send  you back a. large amount of your securities. I do  not think there is any serious danger of this. I  think the utmost extent of the danger of the  day is that we may not be prepared to renew  short terms ofyvarious kinds, railway notes, city  notes and others.  BELFORT A GIBRALTAR, SAY THE EXPERTS  **rtt~>**************************^  ORAL AND THEOLOGICAL  ���������4i44Mfr^������;..j..j"H,^������HMHMSM$'^������^^  . Forsyth on Short Sermons  The '' Evangelical'' publishes a quotation from  a sermon of Bishop Monzon of The Methodist  Episcopal Church, South, reads as follows:  "We need a revival of preaching. And the  sermon must not be crowded into, a short twenty  minutes. Principal Forsyth does not greatly exaggerate when he says: "With its preaching Christia  nity stands or falls. A Christianity of short sermons is a Christianity of short fiber." The  preacher's first business is to preach. The central  thing in every Methodist service should be made  to contribute to that end. Much of the music  which we permit our non-Christian choirs to render not only occupies time which should be better  employed, but it is a distinct discord .upon the  spiritual harmonies of the hour. The custom of  taking so much precious time for the making of  announcements concerning trivial matters is positively ruinous to worship. The pulpit is not a  bulletin board to advertise oyster suppers and  catchpenny shows. Take these things hence!  Our Father's house is a house of worship and of  prayer. Give room and time for the preaching  of the gospel. No music draws like that. No ritual attracts like that. The hope of the world  lies here, in the preaching of the everlasting gospel of the Son of God."  Whereupon The Burning Bush comments:  This advice about preaching, given by Bishop  Mouzon of the Methodist Episcopal Church,  South, is very good. However, the trouble with  the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, is that  they have lost the Lord; they are chewing < a  mountain of tobacco; forming lakes of "spit" and  loading up cigarettes by the ton, thus poisoning  the youth, of the country.    They endorse people  that ihake their fortunes raising tobacco; they are  too cowardly to rebuke the compromise. And  you might just as well try to pray tFfe devil into  Heaven as a man who is compromising and refusing to walk with the. Lord. The'Lord help us  to do different from this. It is a good thing to  preach a good, hot sermon; but such sermons  must come from clean vessels. ���������  ���������  .  Do You Wonder?  It is said that the Belgians hate the Germans  unto the third and fouth generation, and that the  hatred caused on account of the violation of the  treaty and the sacred promises which have been  given, will never cease; that the Belgians will  never forgive it; that they will teach their children and their children's children, should the  world stand, to hate the German. Formerly a  peace-loving people, enjoying the blessings, of  home, family, friends, education, literature, refinement and art, science and invention, commercial pursuits; now they are filled with hatred and  venom, with a desire to kill their fellow man.  That crime committed against the Belgians stands  as one of the paramount wrongs of all the ages.  A THEOLOGICAL PROBLEM SOLVED.  A somewhat laggard and procrastinating student one Sunday, evening went to his instructor  for aid in one of his studies, asking him if he  thought it was wrong to study on Sunday. He  was somewhat surprised to receive the reply:���������  '' If the master was justified in pulling the ass  out of the ditch on the Sabbath, was not the ass.  justified in trying to get himself out.  CANADIAN RED CROSS  SOCIETY.  Fortified town on Allies' right, practically impregnable.  London.���������Correspondents who have visited  Belfort lately declare that the lessons of Liege.  Namur and Antwerp have not "been lost, and that  Belfort is now in a position to withstand any German assault. Experts consider the place more  than double as formidable as Port Arthur. While  recognizing that the time has gone when any  fortress can be declared impregnable, it can be  asserted that Belfort would prove a'veritable-fac  tory of slaughter it attacked. Its offensive and  defensive works run right up to the frontier.  Every man and boy for miles around has leen  engaged upon the defences. Their labor has r t  been in vain.  Belfort holds the gateway of the vall-,y and  railroad that leads straight to Papa Creusot's  great Cannon factory and has been since the opening days of the war one of the great objective  points of the German attack. It is the Kxupp-  town of France. .���������'��������������������������� ->"������������������'.���������.-���������  This is the l^st week that donations of money or presents can be  sent to Ward V Soldier's Christmas Fund to insure their being  made use of in time for Christmas. ' ^  Cases willbe packed at the De  pot, Cor. 10th Ave, and Carolina  St. on Monday next, and although  presents arriving late will be very  welcome for the next Consignment  they will not arrive in time for  this Consignment.  The latest contribution is Ten  dollars from-L. 0. B. A. No. 90  per Mrs, J. W. Whiteley, which  will be.spent in gifts for the nur-'  ses. ������������������������������������'���������:���������'  On Wednesday the vice chairman, Mrs. W. H- Ranson addressed the Woman's Guild-of the Mt  Pleasant Presbyterian Church.  Mr. Chas. R. Dawson, organist  of St. Michael's Anglican Church,  intends arranging a concert in aid  of The Material Fund of Ward V,  the program will besupported by  members of the choirs of all the  churches in Ward V and it is  hoped that the date will be during the third week in December.  .  On Friday the Depot shipped  three cases ofrsupplies- to- the  front, which brings the total of  Garments already sent up to eleven  hundred and eighteen from this  Ward.  The shipment, which left the  depot on 29th Oct. left Montreal  on November 10th, which speaks  well for the despatch,of all concerned and donors need have no  fear that their gifts will be delayed  en route.  It is hoped that readers of "The  Western Call" will send in subscriptions as soon as they are able  either towards the special Christmas Fund or the Material Fund  whieh is able to use every donation sent in to the very best advantage. -  WILSONS  POI5G.M  There ue many imitation* of this best of nil  fly killers.  Ask for Wilton's, Urn*  yoa get then, im avoid  Q-ii������ Hi >   ���������   l|i|   ||   lull   iniii   I   limn   ���������i.������i������nt   4^ tn������.i������ .������m���������������.���������������.!������..������n������   **������,**'*  Quick Buyers will get One Line of ,.  WOOD HEATERS AT  WHOLESALE PRICE  a Short time ago we managed to buy quite a number of  -** these heaters at a price that enables us to sell to you  NOW at the Wholesale Price, while they last.  18 in. Size, reg. price $5.75   -   now $3.90  21 in.   ���������       ���������       ���������    7.75   -  5.00  22 In.    ,������        ,,       ,,     9.35    -       ���������  6.35  Make your choice early.  McCAU-UM * SONS, LTD.  . X X 'THE BARPWAR_E WEN'  3415 Hain St.. (nr. Broadway) Phone Fm't 315  '*.|''M''fr'M'.H'4"H'*'H''H"M''^  PRESSMAfQNG PARLORS'  No. 4 Seventh Avenue, East  Q  ................,.. ���������...������������������.,...... ,o  Phone Seymour 8171  MQBl^L___LC_yiPP���������^  518-520 WATTY ST.  VANCOUVER, &.G.  MANUFACTURERS OF  Ught and Heavy Harness, Mexican  Saddles, Closed Uppers, Leggins, etc.  A large stock of Trunks and Valises always  on hand.  BUGGIES, WAGONS,. Etc  Leather ot all kinds.    Horse Clothing.  We are the largest manufacturers and  importers of Leather Goods in B. G.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.  I   I   I   M   I   I   I   I  ������������������������  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  *+*������+- ������������#.���������������_.������.  WHY EXPERIMENT  with unknown coal when you can get  GENUINE OLD WELLINGTON  the best domestic fuel on the Pacific Coast at these  SURPRISING PRICES  LUMP   ������������������-':��������� -      - ���������������������������-'��������� $7.00  NUT       - X J - - $5.50  PEA       - - ���������-���������-' - $4.00  SLACK - ���������'-���������;    - -������������������ $3.50  This coal has never been sold so-low before and  is easily worth more, but we want your business.  You will save money by using this coal.  A TRIAL ORDER WILL CONVINCE YOU^  mi  McNeill, Welch 2. Wilson, Ltd.  IHione Sey. 5405-3409  50 Pender Street, C.  Q<  ...���������.������ .������������������������������..������������������������������������������   ���������"������   fclll.HHII  >o Friday, November 20, 1914  THE WESTERN CALL.  ��������� ���������.������������������.I I.ll.������.I..II.M....������.llOll.������.W.������.M.������.|....������l..������������������.������������������������������������������..��������������������������� ���������������.���������!.   ���������  ii.ii.i ,   ,   A   .i ������i ������   ������   4> ������   .... '������..���������������������   |   ������   I   I   I   HI   |H   I   I   . H.1....1 |. . i|   ���������������..'.i . H.i.M.i ������   ..,..,..  ������,,.   ...............���������������������������..-...���������.......���������-.......,....-..���������.--.    -1 fT.l.ll...  Protect IJs From Unseen Foes  Front CANADIAN FORESTRY JOURNAL  ' Q.ii.-. .i.i. . i������ ii .ii  '' The motives behind the. widespread and increasing movement  respecting the protection of our  native birds may be included in  two classes, namely, sentimental  arid practical. Most people even  in/ this material age, are sensible  of feelings of affection towards  our birds, and are delighted when  tTie return of the first spring migrants announces the termination  of our.long birdless winter. But  the practical considerations underlying the movement are not so  generally appreciated, and for  that reason assthetic feelings will  be assumed and the practical motives discussed.  ' Pew people realise the place^  of insect pests in the general^  economy of life, but when it is understood that were it not for their  controlling factors insects would,  in afew years, destroy' every form  of vegetation, and consequently  all animal life on the face of the  controlling factors will be appreciated. In the United States it is  estimated, on a conservative basis  that the annual loss on agricultural and forest products, is about  eight hundred million dollars  ($800,000,000). I have estimated  that in Canada, on our field crops  alone, the minimum annual loss  due to injurious insects cannot be  less than fifty million dollars; this  does not take into account the  enormous aggregate cost of controlling insect pests. And yet the  most valuable insecticidal agencies we have are not only not. encouraged, but in many cases,ruth-  lessly destroyed. Such a shortsighted and Avasteful poliey cannot and must not be continued;  The quantity of insect food  forth by various investigators on  this continent and in Europe, give  us some idea of the extent to  which insects go to make up the  diets of birds. Insects constitute  65 per cent, of the total yearly  food of woodpeckers, 96 per cent,  of that of fly-catchers, and 95 per  cent, of the yearly food of wrens.  Upwards of 5,000 insects have  been found in a single birds stomach. The value of the birds is increased by the fact that at the  time when insects are most abundant birds are most active and require most food, especially animal  food, to feed.their young.  ' A young crow will eat twice  its weight in food; a. robin weighing three ounces was found by  Nash to consume five and one-half  ounces of cut worms in a day.  It is calculated that a pair of tit*  and the young they rear will con  globe,   the   significance   of   such about 17(J       ridg of ins6cts  _-i4~_������_ + **_-_ 111 _-__-������     ���������#-<-������ rt<t- stMrt     ������*������i II       Lvs.      n vt*-_������n_     %_ *   during a year.' These facts and  others to be given later will indicate the enormous destruction of  insect lifethat is accamplished by  the presence of birds. They constitute one' of thev forttmate balances of nature. But man is constantly upsetting the balance.  Woodlands are cut down and give  place' to open fields; snake fences  give way to wire; sub-divisions  and town lots obliterate the waste  places and often the swamps. All  these circumstances ������end to drive  away the birds formerly resident  and breeding in such localities.  Then outbreaks of injurious insects occur and their depredations are increased and prolonged  by reason of the absence of. such  important enemies. Therefore,  consumed by birds is almost in- our aim should be to restore the  comprehensible, but the facts set (balance by attracting the birds  back to our parks and reservations.'   - j  'Not only do birds destroy insect pests, but they contribute to  the^destruction of weeds. Certain  species of our native' sparrows are  large consumers of such weed  seeds as bindweed,lamb 's quarter,  ragweed, amaranth, pigeon grass,  etc.  'The feeding habits of-a few of  our common species of birds  which should be protected may  now be considered. The Robin  probably comes first. Early in the  year it feeds extensively on cutworms, those insidious enemies of  our garden plants and crops; in  March they constitute over athird  of the robin's food. It is accused  of fruit eating, and yet of all the  vegetable matter it consumes a  large proportion consists of wild  fruits; 330 stomachs contained 58  per cent vegetable matter,' of  which 47 per cent, consisted of  wild friuts and 4 per cent, cultivated fruits. The Bluebird is not  so common as formerly in the  Ottawa district, having probably  been driven away by. the encroachments of .man. Charming  in its habits, it responds readily  to encouragement, building in  hollow trunks and cavities. Insects such as. grasshoppers,beetles  and caterpillars constitute about  68 per cent, of its'food.  'With the possible exception of  the house wren, probably no other  birds so readily take advantage of  artificial nesting places as'v the  Chicadees arid Tits. Their unremitting search for insects on  every branch, twig and leaf is a  fascinating sight, and the good,  they accomplish is difficult to  conceive. A Blue Tit will destroy  six and a-half million insects in a  year, and in bringing up a family  of about twelve to sixteen young  ones* about twenty-four million  insects would ultimately be accounted for.. .Especially valuable  are they in the destruction of the  eggs of certain species of defoliating caterpillars, the moths of  whcih deposit their eggs on twigs.  The pupae of the Coddling moth  and the hibernating forms of  plant lice do not escape the sharp  eye of these small acrobats. The  little White-breasted Nuthatch  which may be seen running not  only upwards, but also downwards, on the trunks of trees, has  somewhat similar habits to the  Chicadees. Over 50 per cent, of  its food\ consists of insects. The  House Wren has suffered much  by* the inroads of the quarrelsome  Euglish sparrow, which drives it  out of its nesting places ou every  possible occasion. Nevertheless,  this confiding little bird, which  charms us so much with its little  bubbling song, and exacts such a  heavy toll on insect life, will gladly accept a nesting box out of  which the sparrows may be kept  by hanging it rather low down,  and having the entrance hole as  small as possible.  The Purple aMr^in formerly  nested, in hollow trees, but the  advent of man encouraged it to  nest about his domicile. In some  parts of the country, I have  noticed the fact, particularly in  certain sections of New Brunswick, one may see martin houses  erected on poles, and this form  of encouragement is very successful, although the English sparrow  are. ,.a, constant source of trouble  to, thei rightful owners. The value  of, (the martins xand sparrows  around the house' and buildings  as insect destroyers is appreciated  by all who have encouraged them  The Tree Swallow, which nests in  hollow trees, is not so abundant  in certain sections of Ontario as  formerly. Reporting the success  of nesting boxes during 1913, Mr.  W. E. Saunders, of London. Ont.,  writes;: "Another lot of boxes  which were put in place on an  island in the Rideau Lakes were  a source of actual competition  among the tree swallows, there  being more pairs than there were  nests."  ' Two of the woodpeckers may  be attracted by the use of nesting  boxes .The Flicker, which occurs  in and around Ottawa, feeds  largely on ants; a single stomach  has been found to contain over  5,000 ants. In another instance  28 white grubs, one of our worst  pests of grass and land and certain crops, were found in the  stomach of a. flicker, which feeds  largely on the ground. It also  feeds upon wild.. fruits, such as  the wild black cherry .The Downy  Woodpecker is a most valuable  ally, as it feeds largely on beetles  that destroy trees by boring into  the bark and timber. An exam-  inia.tion of 723 stomachs showed  that 76 per cent, of the diet wasj  animal food, consisting chiefly of J  insects. I  ' Reference has already been  made to the weed destroying  habits of our native sparrows.  One of the first birds to arrive in  the spring, breaking the long winter silence with its welcome little  song, is the Song Sparrow, which  is very domestic in its habits.  About three-fourths of its food  consist  of weed  seeds and orie-  Ifourth of insects^ Beetles, especially weevils, form the greater  portion of the insect, food.     A  thick hedge, dense shrubs, or piles  of logs provide suitable nesting  places for the most welcome of  our sparrows The Chipping  Sparrow whose confiding ways  give it a warm place in our affection, has somewhat similar nesting habits to the former. It is,  moreover the most insectivorous  of our sparrows. About 42 per  cent, of its food consists of insects  and spiders, and caterpillars  make up the majqr portion of the  insect food, especially when the  young are being reared, when as  many as 17 feedings per hour, on  an average, for a brood of four  nestlings have been recorded.  The retiring and sombre Junco  or Snowbird destroys insects and  feeds on weed seeds. An examination of 500 stomachs gave 23  per cent, animal food (caterpillars, bugs, and beetles), and 77  per cent, vegetable food, of which  over 61 per cent, consisted of  weed seeds. In September the  proportion of weed seeds may rise  as high as 95 per cent, of the food  'The greatest exponent of the  practice of bird protection is undoubtedly Baron von Berlepsch,  and to him we are indebted for  the splendid example he has given  at Seebach, an,, Germany. His  ideas have been adopted by various states in Germany and in the  countries where the protection of  birds and the provision df nesting  boxes constitute an important and  necessary adjunct of ' forestry  methods An instance given by  Baron von IJerlepsch, of the practical value of bird encouragement may be quoted. The Hain-  ich wood, tibuthV.-of.. Eisenach,  which covers several square miles  I was stripped entirely bare in the  I (Continued on Pag* 3)   ,  ^Mfr^M$M$M$MgM$M34^M344$.4fr4fr^4^><$<4fr4gMgM$4^M$M3Mfr4{M{M{H{^  .-.-.. -..���������.,...,,,....:....,.......-.-, ..  .,,.. .... , . ......_: .       %  IMPRESSED.  ��������� ���������  ::  *  4.  1������  ::  " The spectacle of your vast fleet greatly impressed me."  (German Emperor to Queen Victoria, Diamond  '������������������: X~x<       ���������;"   \'XJuBlee, 1897^" : X     ���������  I. ";    -���������������������������������������������������������������'  'Ow the noospapers are talkin' every mornin' to  be sure  'An becos the fleet 'aint movin' some are feelin'  wery sore  But wiv all their bloomin' talkin' we have some-  thin' more to do  Than ,to heed their idle chatter, fur this 'aint no  '.,���������'  review. V -'X  There's keepin' o' the trade routes an' movin' o'  -    - the troops,  An' chasin' down a submarine, an' other little  coups,  An' the sinkin' o' the Emden, I think, will be  confessed,  Makes the "Emperor of Europe" wery wisibly  impressed.  II. -.  Now some are blarain' Craddock that' e didn 't run  But Craddock did 'is dooty in the proper naval  way,  If any one's to blame, sfire as the devil is a Turk,  'Twas them as sent three boys along, prepared to  do men's work.  They fought and they were beaten���������it sometimes  'as to be,  But they faced the foe like Britons, 'tis the only  way at sea;,  'Tis the price we pay " fur admulty," may all  their souls be blessed,  Fur the '^Emperor of Europe" was wisibly impressed.  III.  When Beatty 'an 'is ships went in right under all  their guns,  Did the papers think 'twas Sunday, an' the dress  was number ones ? V  Wiv a, fog as thick as pea soup, quite calm an'  undismayed,  An' 'e rounded up four cruisers wiv a mighty fusi-  lade,  Then the papers shouted Beattie", is a little god  on wheels,"  Printed columns on the navy, wiv the loftiest  ideals,  An' when they cooked an' served it to the public  nicely dressed,  The "Emperor of   Europe"   was   wisibly   impressed. ���������  ��������� ,-  ..-.rv.  So keep yer spirits steady an' cock yer weather  eye, ' X--      ������������������������������������..;���������  Don't get at all impatient, fur 'tis comin' bye  and bye,  Then fur all the bloomin' losses yer can count up  all the wins,  An' you'll want to keep yer 'ah* on when once  the fun begins.  Don't think yer fightih' nothin', 'tis a wery great  - /mistake,:  But our mighty fleet is ready fur the fight it 'as  ter make, ���������  An' when he finds fur ever 'is fleet can take a  rest,  Why���������"The Emperor,ofEurp^e" will be wisibly impressed. VVV   >. *X* f .  W. A. ELLIS  Vancoucer, B.C., November 20th, 1914.  "1  I  t  ���������y.  Y >'-'  Do We Need Another Brewery  in Vancouver?  In regard to grafting a "licence to a new brewery to operate in Vancouver.  There is no saying so true as that "a little knowledge is a dangerous thing;" and we cannot  help wondering what the people of British Columbia as a whole, and of Vancouver in particular,  will'think when tbey know some of the facts in4 this case.  .-,-_ ___ How. manj^people_ stopio realize tto^  the Province of British Columbia, with a new one building, besides eight or more that have been  closed up and are standing idle on account of hard times and slow business?  If we are going to grant a license to a Seattle brewery to operate in Vancouver on the  ground that we have not enough competition here nor enough breweries to supply the demand,  why not grant a few hotel and liquor store licenses for the same reason, and invite some of the  ex-license holders of Seattle over here to run them?   Surely that would be no more than consist-  erit.  The fact is that there is not half enough business now to warrant the  immense  capital at  present invested in the brewing industry in British Columbia.   And even now, when the people  of this Province have responded so well to the "Made In B. C." movement, and are buying the  most of their goods from home manufacturers, there would need to be double the demand for  beer there is today before the breweries already in British Columbia would be working full time.  With all this in view how is it possible that a foreign concern would come into our city and  miraculously find business enough to employ hundreds of Vancouver workmen? They could not  export to any country or to any part of our country where our local breweries could not also  do so.   And in all the breweries of this Province today there are not over 300 men employed.  It would be much nearer the truth to presume that this Seattle brewery would construct as  cheap a plant as possible, import all their, machinery, supplies, and in fact their help also, from  the country of their origin, and employ just what men they required for menial labor in Vancouver.   This would mean about eight city workmen to find employment.  If they intend to manufacture here with a view to exporting to supply their licensed hotels  in the "wet" states, why would they come into Vancouver, where property is expensive, and face  a duty that would materially decrease their profits, when they might easily locate in any of  these "wet" states and manufacture at so much less expense?  y ,if:AtJJ,"-t*t?~V-'3KSX&&^>Lt&lrVr^  ��������� THE WESTERN CALL  Friday, November 20,1914  ^.^.^.^������������������������������������>***'>-><'->^-:-������!"X."WK">^  I Mount Pleasant Livery f  TRANSFER I  Furniture and Piano Moving :j:  .��������� ���������>  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages *  at all hours. ���������!���������  *  Phone Fairmont 34-5  Corner Broadway and Main ' A. F. McTavish, Prop.   %  t ' ' X  I Baxter & Wright!  $ COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS *  Cash or  Easy  Payments xW  ,.,l-,/\Ivo ntvOv  $40000  Stock to  Choose  From  Come in and talk it over when looking for furniture.  ill  , J! | li )  TIMBER  XtEGTI^ATIONS  Governing Timber on Dominion lands  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the  North AVest Territories, the .Railway  Belt in the Province of British' Columbia, and the tract of Three ana' a Half  Million Acres Located by the Dominion  in the Peace River District in British  Columbia. .   '  License-  A license to cut timber on a tract not  exceeding twenty-five square miles in  extent may be acquired only at public  auction. A rental of $5.00 per square  mile, per annum, is charged on all timber berths except those situated west of  Yale in the Province of British Columbia, on which the rental is at the rate of  5 cents per acre. In addition to rental,  dues are charged on the timber cut at  the rates set out in section-20 of the  regulations.  Timber Permits and Dues  Permits may be granted in the Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, to owners of portable sawmills, to cut over a definitely described  tract of land not exceeding one square  mile in extent, on payment of dues .at  tlie rate of 50 cents per thousand feet,  i-i.M.. and subject tt) payment of rental  at the rate of ?J00 per square mile, per  annum.  Timber for Homesteaders  Any occupant of a homestead quarter  section having no timber of his own  suitable for the purpose may, provided  he has not previously been granted fifco  allowance of timber, obtain a free permit to cut the quantity of building and  ioncing timber set out in Section 51 of  tho Regulations.  Vi'Xv.  CORT,  Deputy  of  the  Minister  of  tho  Interior.'  BAXTER & WRIGHT  *   p h o ne Sey m o u r 771  *.X..X**v*v*****<K-v****'X*'  416 Main Street  Commercial Printing at "Western Call" Office  Business as Usual  No Panicky War Feeling  No War Prices  This old established  house is still anxious to  do  business  with  you���������  complete stock of Heating  Stoves, Malleable Ranges  and Household Goods.  SYNOPSIS   Or   COA3.   MIITINO  Z.ECWZ.ATIONS  Coal mining1 rights of tlie 'Dominion,  in ManitobH, Saskatchewan and Alberta,  tho Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portin of the Province  of British Columbia, may be leased for  a term-of twenty-one years at ah annual  rental of ?1, an acre. Xot more than  -iolifl acres will bo leased to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made  by the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district in which  the rights applied for are situated.  I������ surveyed territory the land-must be  described by sections, or legal sub���������divisions of -sections, and irP unsurveyed  territory tho tract applied for shall' be  slaked, out  by  the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied by a fee of $5, which will be re-  fumled if the rights applied for are not  available, but not otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the merchantable output of the mine at tlie rate of 5 cents  per ton.  I The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal 'mined and pay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining rights  are not being operated, such returns  should be furnished at least once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining-  rights only, but the lessee may . be permitted to.'purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the  rate of $10.00. an acre.  For full information application should  be, made" to the- Secretary of the Department of the Interior,'Ottawa, or to  any- Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands.  "W. "W. CORY,  Deputy  Minister  of  the Interior.  . K.   B.���������Unauthorized     publication     of  this advertisement will  not be paid for.  We Will Not Be Undersold  WROwetiiMorrison  The Mt Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  t  and Kingsway  For Fresh and  Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  This is the Oldest Established  Market in Vancouver, an example  of "The Survival of the Fittest"  Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor s FRANK TRIMBLE  Phone: Fairmont 257  & CO.  We are offering this week  exceptional values in  Ingrain Papers  v Now is the time to secure  your paper for your front  room, dining room or hall  and to have them done for  the least possible outlay.  Before placing your order  for Fall decorations, kindly  call or phone  S, B. Redburn ft Co.  2317 Main Street  Phone Fair. 998  Four More States Dry  Four new States have adopted  State-wide prohibition ��������� Colorado  Washington, Oregon and Arizona.  This makes 14 states in all now,  who have prohibited the sale of  liquor, the others are Oklahoma,  Georgia, Kansas, Maine, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee,  West Virginia, Virginia and North  Dakota. ���������      '  Bonnyeastle Dale is the leading  contributor to the November issue  of Rod and Gun issued by W. J.  Taylor, Limited, Woodstock, Ont.,  writing, on the subject "Trapping  in Ontario 1913-14. ������������������ In "Wanderings in the "Winter Woods" "W.  Dustin' White describes vividly  the joys of the winter camping  trip. "Bear Trapping and Pack  Carrying in B. C." tells of a  hunter who trapped a husky bear  weighing some one hundred and  sixty pounds and then carried  him on-his-back for a distance of  ten miles over an uneven woods  trail. "Biff and Hec and Me" is  a well.written account of a canoe  trip in the northern wilderness.  The remainder of the magazine  is replete with interesting articles  and the various departments aire  well maintained.  South Vancouver Undertakers  Hamilton   Bros,  We are foremost in our line for  Moderate Priced Funerals  6271 Fraser Street Phone Fraser 19  FOR SALE CARDS HERE  *  X  *-.  *  *  f  *  A  SNAP FOR CASH  OR ON TERMS  Pour Good Lots at  White Rock, B. C.  *  f  f  i  I  %  *  *  IE REALTY CO.  Real Estate and Insurance Brokers  CONVEYANCING  RENTS COLLECTED  LOANS NEGOTIATED  *      '  ���������r  t   PHONE Fair. 185  260 Kingsway  Vancouver, B. _���������C.  .k������X'<~x������x������***X"X������h***xk������X'*** 'X������x������������':������:~>������x������:":������r:.4:������.:~:.i5.^4:-:4������:~:*������>  V  APPLY TO OWNER, WESTERN CALL  203 KINGSWAY  AT HOME  AT THE CLUB  AT THE HOTEL  Ask for  The Health-Giving  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes  WLWmmWlm  ******************************^  THE HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY*������������' Friday. November 20, 1914  THE WESTERN CAL1  X.X-XXV;  X^MilXi!  ".'���������Wit  i :::::   _ I  * i  ... .j.  - - - ., i  .���������-.'���������':!  LL OF AMERICAN ID  '   Located   on   Pennsylvania   Avenue, 18th and H Streets.  Washington's Newest Hotel.    ,;,  Ideally   situated,   within   two blocks   ot   the   Executive  Man-:  sion.  onlv a short- walk to the public buildings, -shops, theaters  and points of historical interest to -visitors and tourists.  Tlie     famous     Indian.    Grill Room, the beautiful Palm Court,'  the delightful Tea Room, Grand Pipe   Organ   (.only   one   of   its  kind   in   Washington),   and   an Orchestra of a  superfine order,  sre   attractions   ereatly   appreciated by Powhatan guests.  Kooms  -with detached  bath,.   Si.50, $2.00 and up.'  Kooi-b   with   private   bath.   $2.50, $3.00 and up.  Write ior booklet with map.  CLIFFORD  M.  LEWIS,   .  Manager.  \r-V for t-prci:������! Itinerary fur Bridal Couplue, Convention;., Touriat Parties, Schools and CoHcscn.  ililli  mmme^^^  X"...-V  * ��������� . ���������  f ���������  *******  _4_:.  fr*****A**W***.l">******..**^  ���������***********************^f**^  ���������  .      \    '     '        '      ,���������-.. ���������  ,;a..;  ���������:��������� I  ���������w���������������t**mrJivT*!Jj������i> **^atittxK&&vmrimxKtxu&tt<nmx  I  If you arc interested in reducing your Fuel Bill,  ���������see us. We'a re saving money for others, and can  do the same for you.  We supply and install Fuel Oil Plants of ������������������all  descriptions. Wc do not advocate a cheap plant,  but wc can satisfy you when results are considered..  Wo have'a large number of plants now in operation in hotels, office buildings; apartment houses,'  schools and colleges. . .- :  f!  i!  ry^������v.|!^-J.T---f Jfl- ���������H-tr.W.MJ  ru  X)1MITED  753 Pacific BSdg.     Piwne Sey. 3727     Vancouver, B, C.  v-WWv^WW^vvW-W-H^^WH  X������4,^-~X**<**X"X~X~X-"X  FACTORY OF J.   LECKIE & CO. ��������� LTD.  .4  ........ ���������.>.,..>���������>���������>.  ���������������������������������.  ���������I"������>44~>������_4������x������41  mw  .-.���������>.....>.....  Pease Pacific Foundry Limited |  HEATING AND VENTILATiNQ ENGINEERS ��������� %  "Economy  MANUFACTURERS  yy Steam Heaters and Ventilators for Public Buildings  Warm Air Furnaces ��������� Combination Furnaces  Steam and Hot Water Boilers. Registers  '' <4 I J ������������������ I ?? Steam and Hot Water Boilers " ������  ItiCcll        Radiators, Pipe and Fitting-s .     ' ���������  , .       k ���������        ��������� .*.  ;    1116 Homer St.'     Vancouver, p.e.      Tel. Sey. 3230  *  v -���������'- "���������- .   *!-  *j\^L9MK9J*j9M9������*W9lk9WLW*9M9**9tt94W*W0  SATURDAY'S SPECIALS  Home made Taffy.   Peanut Crisp, and Boston Chewing Taffy  |25c lb.    Simply delicious. ;-: .  That New Store  FLEE BUILDING. BROADWAY & MAIN.  \r******>X>*******************************^^  I*  I*  30,000 square feet of factory space where more than 300 machines  and 125 hands are turning out 500 pairs of shoes per day.  Present possible output 1000 pairs per day.  WATER ACT 1914.  Are you going to  wear this winter?  Why  t  ���������  f  v  t  *  *  i  Before tbe Board of Investigation.  In the Matter of all streams in the  Municipalities of Point Grey, South  Vancouver and New Westminster.  Leckie's, of Course  And I am going to see that my wife buys them  for THE BOYS too.    They are the best to  wear and are made in Vancouver.  ���������  ' *  fy$**r***************Hi+***^^^  ��������� l������ll������l������ll������ll������   I*    A'   *'   *'   ���������!������������������"���������"������������������'������������������  ������4������l,  SNAP!  50x100, corner 29th Ave. and  St. Catharines Street, modern  7-room house.  YOUR OWN  PRICE FOR CASH  4PPLY WESTERN CALL  ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� hi ���������������.��������������������������������� ������^���������^������������������������-  ��������� it !������������������������������������������������ * ������m iiit ������Q  A meeting- or tlie .l?oar_ of Investigation will be held at the Court-house in  the City of Vancouver on the 9th day  of December, 1914, at ten o'clock in the  forenoon.  All statements of claim to water privileges on these respective streams, all  objections thereto, and the plans prepared for the use of the Board will then  be open for inspection.  All Persons interested are entitled  to examine these, and to file objections  thereto  in   writing  if  they. deem  fit.  At this meeting claimants who have  not previously done so shall prove their  title to lands to which their water records are appurtenant. This may be  done by producing, in case af Crown-  granted Lands, the title deeds or a certificate of encumbrance or other evidence of title; or in the case of lands not  held under Crown grant, by producing  the pre-emption record, the agreement  of sale, the mining record, a certificate  of search  in  the Dominion Land Office,  or other documents of title.  Objections will be heard forthwith if  the party objected to has received sufficient   notice   of   the  objections:  The Board at the said meeting will  determine the quantity of water which  may be used under each record, the further works wliich are necessary for  such use, and will set dates for the filing  of plans of such works and for. tlie  commencement and completion of such  works.  .And whereas there may be persons  who, before the 12th day of Marcli 1903,  were entitled to water rights on tho  said streams and yet have not filed  statements of their claims with tlie  Board of Investigation, such persons  are required to file on or before the 1st  day of December, 1914, a statement as  required by section 294 of the "Water  Act, 1914", or section 28 of the "Water-  Act, 1914", as amended in 1913. Forms  (Nd. 50 for irrigation, and No. 51 for  other purposes) may be obtained from  any Government Agent in the EVo-  vince.  Dated at Victoria, B. C. the 26th da'y  of  October,   1.914.  Kor   the  Board   of   Investigation,  J. F. ARMSTRONG. Chairman  0-������.t>.*  ������������������������������������������-���������������������������������������������������-���������������.������������������������������������������  t  .J.L...C, O/s^WANXEa  T  t  ���������  i  O"  Earl Kitchener is making urgent appeal for instructors,for his new army.  An effort is being made to obtain at once as  many qualified cx-non-coinmisioned officers of the  Imperial service locally.  All interested are desired to place themselves  in comunication with Gilbert W. Hall, care of  Customs, city.  .:..:~:~:..:~x~;4*<������:~:������^  J. Dixon  House Phone: Bay. 886  G. Murray ���������>  House Phone: Bay. 1137L   %  Office Phone:  Seymour   8765-8766  t  t  BRITISH COLUMBIA WATERWORKS SUPPLIES  I  LIMITED  Gate   Valves,  Hydrants, Brass   Goods, Water  j  Meters, Lead Pipe, Pig Lead, Pipe I  and  Pipe Fittings  Railway Track Tools & White Waste  Concrete   Mixers   and   Wheelbarrows  1  PHONE SEYHOUg 8942  i ������*������������**> ****+-*~+-9   mt m  m  > ^ ��������� _w *������������������������-*��������������� ��������� ���������-������������������������������������  ���������������>**<  1101 DominibR Bldg., Vancouver j  *y***������t **************** * %*������i- .. * ���������* ���������������.���������������������. ��������� ��������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������  t Why Does a Black Hen Lay a White Egg? f  !  \  t  Who  cares ���������!���������Pratt's Poultry Regulator   will f  produce the egg and that's more important to you. \  We carry a full line of POULTRY SUPPLIES J  at lowest prices.   Call and inspect our stock. *  F. T. Vernon j  The Mount Pleasant Feed Store. I  Pktii Fn.rmMt ||f                                                       255 IrMtwiy East l  i DIXON & MURRAY  ��������� v  *���������* Office and Store Fixture Hanufacturers                        *  ���������j. ���������:���������  ���������J* ���������             Jobbing Carpenters                                         ������������������  V Painting, Paperhanging and Kalsomining                    *j-  ������������������* *���������*  .;��������� .%  ��������� Shop: 1065 Dunsmuir St. Vancouver. B.C.   .;.  ��������� ���������>  ������������������>.--:"X~:~x~:~x~w.*^^  I HEATING Econom0'uratotEtoi������ien������y��������� 1  Our Business has been built up by merit alone  LEEK & CO.  Heating Engineers.  1095 Homer St.  Sey. 661 %  >****^*tt*******<^****<<'  *****<<"tt~>*********w****^^  t      6  PER  CENT. MONEY  ... ,e  f   Loans may be obtained for any purpose on acceptable Real  %  *. .        Estate security; liberal privileges; correspondence  * . solicited.  I A. Co AGENCY COMPANY  *'    758 Gas, Electric Building Denver, Colorado  * ���������  * ^^4^^^^^^^.x^~H^~}^^~;~t..>.x-X-*4������ t'l 1 I V ******** WVft^^J'T' ./th   -V-jr,-?;;..;,:::'^*  s^a;s,-3;tf-,ir.-sxxi^j-j^^  '.-���������'"'.  THE WESTERN CALL.  Frjrag^Nove^  /  ADVERTISE  IMMMHUI  The first dollar John Wanamaker made he invested in newspaper advertising, so he tells us.  His business has expanded year by year and  after trials of every sort, he finds the newspaper  the best result producer for the smallest cost.  ADVERTISE IN  1  PHONE Fairmont 1140  203-7 KINGSWAY  /  Send your'friends the greetings of the season on  a personally designed card. They are both artistic and inexpensive.   Call in at mr office and  " mer mw som x  Prices range from $1.00 per dozen up.  This includes envelopes to match every card.  WE PRINT  FINE  ART  CALENDARS  at prices below those you are paying for the same  class of work produced partly in Eastern Canada  and partly in Germany. Order your calendars  , from us in three and four colors. We have specially prepared sample book for this class of work.  f      COME AND SEE FOR YOURSELF  TERMINAL CITY PRESS,  COMMERCIAL, LEGAL, SOCIETY AND ART PRINTERS  Ltd.  PHONE Fairmont 1140  203=7 KINGSWAY  I  i  !  ___>___.

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