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The Western Call 1914-08-07

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 .-\  Subscribe for  The Western Call  Today  Jf     --    ���������������    -  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  VOLUME VI.  VANCOUVER. British Columbia,* AUGUST 7,1914  5 Gents Per Copy  No. 13  The Splendid Defence of the Belgians at Liege  All Governments Take Strong Action to Prevent Unnecessary Rise in Prices of Staple Foods���������Page 4  Germany has Asked for Armistice at Liege, to Bury their Dead  LES BRAVE BEIGES!!  '; The greatest war/>f all time has broken loose; ~  where it will end only God knows. That it will  ������ change the map of: the world is a foregone conclusion!, It is to accomplish this that the war  has been- begui.. ��������� Germany now openly avows this  in stating her '' unbending purpose.'' Meantime  it has fallen to little Belgium to bear the brunt of  the first rush.      ���������    ,V N /  v������ Historic Liege-^always a city of fighters���������has  been enveloped on three sides by the Germans.  Forty odd years ago���������warned by the strained  relations of the Franco-Prussian war���������Belgium  began modern fortifications against just such an  ' attack. The main fortresses are Liege and Namur,  both points of great vantage. Liege, astride the  Meuse, with a magnificent bridge joining the two  shores, holds the direct road from Aix-La-Chap-  elle to Paris. It presents natural vantages as a  |) frontier guard. The broad river Meuse, with  bridge destroyed! a flat, low country on 'south  side, a series of heights surroundingNLiege on,  north side from Serauig on the west, where'are  situated the great Cockerill Engineering Works,  to Ans, on the east, through which the main line  to Brussels passes. ,  Liege taken, the difficult Arderones mountain  and forest country, with Namur as central stronghold, has lieen turned end the great fertile plain  filled with industrial cities and rich farms lies  open to the' German., Cbarleroi, Mods, Belgium's  great arsenal, then Lille and Paris.  We notice that after the blowing up of the  bridge, the Germans threw a pontoon bridge  across the "Meuse in one day���������a splendid bit of  worfe which the Belgian guns demoralised as  *soon as completed. Now we learn of heavy engagements at Vise, a Belgian village on tbe Meuse  immediately on the Dutch frontier. Winning this  fight, the Germans press on, cross_tbe border into  Holland, and engage.the putch outposts at Eys-  den, and cross the Meuse at Maestricht, double  back, we presume, oh- N. W. side of Meuse, and,  I with a corps of Uhlans, make a sudden appear-  once in Liege itself in an attempt to capture the  entire Belgian general staff.  ^" ftepoWlSj^^  lafter penetrating the cjty as far as rue St. Foi.  On Thursday, August 6tb/the Crown Prince  is reported to have effected a, junction with General Von Emmig with an additional 50,000 men  and "les braves Beiges" will be tested to the  limit.v   ;������������������������������������  If Liege falls it will be well to remember thatt  Waterloo lies between Liege and Lille, straight  as the crow flies, and just about half way. French  and British troops are hurrying to positions of  vantage, and perhaps before this article goes into  print the first great historic battle of the World  War will be raging.  It is interesting to note that the people of the  \ Belgium provinces of Liege. Namur and Hainaut  tare the descendants of the ancient Wallones,  Nervii and Simonii that gave Julius Caesar so  [much trouble and that still bring to grief many  fof our High school lads and lassies. They are  [really of our own blood and in few places on this  dearth is a Britisher so welcome as in Southern Belgium. ..' '   ' ;       ���������'.'���������'''  The world owes Belgium today a debt hardly  to be calculated if only for the 3 days halt she  ^has already^ put to the German rush.      "���������  We await, with breathless interest, the news  1 of the next 24 hours. - rf   \.  THE LION  The British Lion that    crowns    the    Battle  Mount on the plains of Waterloo���������made by the  gathering together of the debris of that great  battle just 100 years ago���������stands facing to the  Swest in apparent defiance of France.  He must turn round now and with the Lion  of Navarre and the Lion Beige, meet the German  Eagles.  j-f -  ((The King! Qo$Bless Hm I  JU  srittjP-s  Prayer in Time of War  The Bishop of New Westminster informs the  press that next Sunday in all Anglican churches  m the diocese of New Westminster and JCotenay,  the following prayer for use; in time of war will  be used at the time of public worship:  "O Most powerful and glorious Lord God, the  Lord of Hosts, that rulest and commandest all  things: Thou sittest in the throne judging right,  arid therefore we make our address to thy Pi-  vine Majesty in this our necessity,,that. Thou  wouldst take the cause into7 Thine own hand, and  judge between us and our enemies. , Stir up Thy  strength, O Lord, and come and help us; O Lord  God of hosts, by Whose permission nation riseth  against nation, Who usest their swords for Thy  judgments, and at Thy will nfbke wars to cease  in all the world, purify us, we humbly pray Thee,  from all sin in < our share in this present strife,  bring it speedily, if it please Thee, to a right and  lasting peace, and meanwhile for those who fight  by sea or land���������that it may please Thee to give  them protection, true courage in danger, and  mercy in victory:  "We beseech Thee to hear us, good Lord.  "For those who suffer���������for the sick, the  wounded and the dying, and for all who mourn  the fallen���������that it may please Thee of Thy gracious goodness to be with them for support and  comfort;  "We beseech The to bear us, good Lord.  "Forthose who love us and are loved by us,  ing forth 'to laid "the suffering and to minister,  v, whether to souls or "bodies, that it may please  TJiee to grant to them endurance, patience and  watchfulness, with skill and gentleness in the  healing both of pain and sorrow ;  "We beseech Thee to hear us, good Lord.  .   "For thoes who love us and'are loved by us,  jvho_hAyje respond  are now far absent from us in loneliness, in danger,, or in distress of mind���������that it may. please  Thee to keep, them ever under Thy protection, to  guard them, to comfort them, support and  strengthen them, to keep them from all evil  whether of soul or body; and, in Thine own good  time to bring them home to us again in peace;  "We beseech Thee to hear us, good Lord.  "And finally we humbly pray Thee, 0 our  God, that Thou wilt mercifully overrule, all things  that may transpire in these troublous times, that  so, in Thy good providence, they may be brought  to issue finally in blessing-in the spirit of true  brotherhood among the Christian nations, in the  extension of our Redeemer's Kingdom, and the  re-union of Thy Holy Church in faith and love.  "All this we ask, 0 Heavenly Father, in the  Name and through the mediation of Jesus Christ  Thy Son, Our Lord.���������Amen."  Summary of War News  (Continued from 4th Column)  Ay gust 6.���������Reports of naval engagements are  coming in from every quarter of the globe, but  nothing authentic so far.  Lpndon.r���������Police removed all gold from vaults  of Deutsche Bank here.  Brussels.���������Battle at Liege renewed early today  and is now raging fiercely. Crown Prince of Germany has effected junction with Von Emmig,  bringing 50,000 fresh troops. *  ,    Late tonight Liege was still - holding    out  bravely against heavy odds, although two forts  had been reported captured.  London.���������Kitchener asks for authority to  raise army to 500,000 men and another $500,000,-  000 war credit.  Halifax.���������S.S. Mauretania arrives here with  1,400 passengers.  London.���������Great rush of German residents in  London to take out naturalization papers.  Ottawa.���������The British Government will send  all prisoners of war to Canada.  Washington, Aug. 6.���������Mrs. Woodrow Wilson,  wife of the President of the United States, died  today after a month of constant illness.  LATEST DESPATCHES  London, 4 p. m., August 7.���������Winston Spencer,  Churchill declares in House of Commons no fighting or losses known other than those officially announced. It is significant, however, that East  coast fishing fleets have been given permission  to go and fish.'  Liege still holds out.  iously injured by unidentified assailant.  Up to today 75 German vessels captured by  British navy, 20 by'French naval forces. Hunt  for German vessels in progress on the seven seas.  French President appeals to the women of  France to gather the wheat and wine crops.  Moral effect of German check at Liege said to be  immense.  SUMMARY OF WAR NEWS  ' July 31.���������Jean Leon Juares, the leader of the  Peace party in France, assassinated whilst .sitting  in a cafe in Paris. ^  August 1.���������Austria* calls out    all    reserves.  200,000 of them in United States presents a dif- ~  ficult problem. * !  Welsh miners against Britain participating in;,.  war. * , y j  Workers in Britain, France and Italy, involvr  ing 30,000,000 men plan p strike against war.   ,  German Emperor declares war against ^Russia'  at 7 .-30 p. mv and signs the order mobilizing the  German army. ^  Official decree orders general mobilization of  army of France. ��������� - ,.'-t'r> - -  King George makes a final effort to prevent  clash of millions in a dispatch to'Emperor Nicholas, appealing foi* the preservation pf peace.   ������    _  Itaily formally notifies German ambassador*  that she will remain neutral. ". '        "        -A ;  August 3.���������John Redmond urges the government to withdraw regulars from Ireland, saying ir  "Erin's own sons will defend her.   Protestanfi  8nd Catholics stand shoulder to shoulder in ihe  crisis we face.".   i ,   ,       "    > , - -*.  *.  .German Uhlant, crack cavalry division; de^  feated without inuch" slaughter at Petit Croix,  France. ~       *    'V/v>       .-, '���������- '/ '   .   .'ji'.  Battlo between French and Germans reported  at Longwy, France. J -*  Reply received from London to Canada's offer of help: ^        . /  "With reference to your telegram of August J,  His Majesty's government gratefully welcomes  * the 'assurance of your, government that to the  present crisis ihey may rely on the whole-hearted  co-operation of the people of Canada."-  * Vancouver's three regiments volunteer "en  bloc" to go to tbe front if needed. Also B. C.  naval reserve and B. C. horse.  August 4-���������Japanese proclamation issued today declares intention of observing neutrality  unless Britain is at war, in which case she will  fulfill her treaty obligation.   Banzai Nippon.  Emperor William appears in person in Imperial parliament and declares: "We are moved by  the unbending desire to secure for ourselves and  those coming after us the place in which God has  put us."  Premier Asauith sends quasi ultimatum to Germany demanding that Belgium neutrality be  maintained, and that Germany give same assurance as France thereahent.  British army ordered mobilized- $525,000,000  voted for emergency purposes.  ������ *s  >.-'/<-.  UkX  London report says German Crown Prince ser-  Friday, 3 p.m. ���������Germans at Liege ask for armistice of 24 hours to bury their dead.   25,000  Germans have been killed.   One of the greatest battles in history is being fought out there.  German Reichstag introduces bill for $1,250,-  000,000 to provide for war expenses.  German issues notice that a state of war exists between her and France.  United States issues proclamation of neutrality.  Special issue of London Gazette proclaims a  sort of martial law throughout the British Isles.  Government assumes control of all railroads.  Germany declares war on Great Britain.  August 5.-150,000 Americans are stranded in  war zone. Cheques and drafts cannot be cashed.  Those in Germany will not be allowed to move*  until mobilization is complete. Bill brought into  congress backed by special Presidential inesfege  asking for $2,500,000 appropriation and authority  for using army and navy facilities to relieve Americans abroad.  1 London.���������New paper currency announced in  London to relieve monetary situation. $5 and  $2.50 notes convertible to gold at Bank of England. Available Friday to extent of $15,000,000,  and thereafter at $25,000,000 daily.  Seattle.���������Two powerful submarine torpedo  boat destroyers constructed here for Chili nave  been sold to the Dominion of Canada, and are  now in Victoria practically ready for defense of  B. C. coast shipping and ports. They could cope  with a hostile fleet of considerable proportion.  London.���������British Government asks for another credit of $500|000,000. ���������  Washington.���������President Wilson sends offer of  mediation to warring powers.  London.���������Field 'Marshall Ear} Kitchener is  appointed Secretary of State for war.  Brussels.���������Germany has declared war on Belgium officially.  Brussels.���������German army corps    under   Von  Emmig is repulsed with great slaughter whilst.  attacking fortifications of Liege.   8,000 reported  killed.  Spa.���������Two German regiments annihilated by  Belgian ambush.  German soldiers from Liege defeat have taken  refuge in Holland.  New York.���������The many thousand "reservists"  gathering h_re and seeking transportation to  their homelands are creating quite a problem. '  A conference h.as been called to deal with it.  (Continued on 3rd Column)  munm %  4  THS WESTERN GALL.  9'  Friday Augugt7,1914  I WAR 1  1 Declared I  3     , ON PRICES AT        p  Ithe mount!  i pleasant i  i dry goods i  I HOUSE : : :|  Just a   Few   Mentioned  of our Big List of  BARGAINS  r  *  *  *  ;.^.X������v>^���������H~$*���������^���������5^H"^*H^M^������������������H~^������������������W^  DEPARTMENTAL CROP REPORT  i  Children's Patent and  Kid Boots, colored  Tops, regular $2.25  Pair how -      -      : $1.50  Girls' Soiled White  Dresses & Tub Dresses, Sale Price each - $1.00  Ladies' Hats, each now   50c  worth $3.90 wholesale  Ladies' & Girls' Sweater  Coats,   Travellers'  Samples, xi off Reg. Price  It Will Pay-Yoii  To Take o Look  -*>  Through our Store  PHONE : PAIRHONt 506  Cor. MAIN ft 8th. AVE.  Phone Fairmont 1852  4^$^4'4'<''6"4fr,8''t,4,<,,I,,l'4''l',li't,il,'l'l,l''t''l'it'4,it''I''4t,,t������'SMt*'l*  wheat and barley by 3 per cent, and  of rye by ��������� 1 per cent., equal to the  average in the case of,oats, and 1 per  cent.'inferior in the case of fall whet.  Estimates compiled from the reports of correspondents as to the  numbers of farm livt stock at the  end of June result for all Canada as  follows: Horses, 2^947,738; milch  cows, 2,673,2������S6; other csfttle, 3,363,-  531; sheep, 2,058,045, , and swine, 3,-  434,261. As compared with last year  these figures represent an increase  in the case of horses, but a decrease  for each of the other descriptions: In  making their estimates this year correspondents were requested to take  specially into account the known  large exportation to the United  States of farm live stock consequent  upon the reduction of the United  States tariff last October, and although many correspondents reported  that rrew breeding stock will largely  make up for deficiencies caused by  these increases in the exports, it is  apparent that the diminutions shown  were caused, by such exports. Tabulation of the returns by provinces  shows that the decrease is mainly in  the eastern part of Canada,-since satisfactory increases" in the numbers of  live stock are shown for the Northwest ' provinces, especially Saskatchewan and Alberta.  In a bulletin issued by the Census  and Statistics Office revised estimates are given of the areas sown to  spring crops this year and of their  condition on June 30, as well as estimates of the acreage under the later  sown cereals and hoed crops and of  the numbers'of .farm live stock. The  estimates are based upon returns collected from the crop reporting correspondents of the office at the end  of June. With regard to spring sown  crops the estimates are fairly confirmatory of those issued a month ago,  the areas of wheat, barley, mixed  grains and hay and clover being, however, somewhat less, and of oats, rye,  peas and alfalfa somewhat more than  the preliminary estimates published  a month ago, when it was reported, as  regards Eastern Canada, that seeding  had been considerably delayed  'through the lateness of the spring.  The area under wheat is now, therefore, placed at 11.022,000 acres, or 7,-  000 acres more than in 1913. Spring  wheat occupies 10,048,000 ' acres, as  compared with 10,045,000 acres in  1913, and the area to be harvested of  fall wheat is placed at 973,300 acres  as compared with 970,000 acres last  year. The area under oats is placed  at 10,814,500 nacres, which is 380,500  actjes more than,-in 1913, when the  area sown was 468,000 acres more  than .in 1912. Barley is estimated 'to  occupy 1,597,600 acres, as compared  with 1,613,000 acres last ^year, rye  111,280 acres, as compiared with 1W,-  300 acres, peas 205,950, acres.Vas compared with 218,980 Icres,. mixed  grains 463,300 acres, fas;f$ripate<l with  473,800 acres, hay anil; clover 7,997  000 acres as compared with 8,169,000  acres and alfalfa 90,385 acres as compared with 93,560 acres.       .  For the three Northwest provinces  of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta the revised estimate of the-  wheat acreage is 10,063,500 acres as  compader with 10,036,000 acres last  year, an increase being shown in  Saskatchewan and Alberta, .-but a decrease in Manitoba. Oats in the three  provinces occupy 6,106,000 acres',as  compared with 5,792,000 acres in 1913,  and barley 1,038,000 as compared with  1,025,000 acres. The net increase in  the three provinces f for the three  crops is: Wheat, 27,500; oats, 314,000,  and barley, 13,000 acres; a total of  354,500 acres for the three crops. The  largest increase of area in the three  provinces is for oats, 314,000 acres,  which apparently shows that increased attention is being given to mixed  farming.  The acreages under the later sown  cereal crops of 1914 are estimated as  follows: Buckwheat, 354,000, as  against 380,700 in 1913; flax, 1,163,-  000, as against 1,552,800; corn for  husking, 256,000, against . 278,000;  beans, 43,830, against 46,200; potatoes, 475,900, against 473,500; turnips,  etc., 175,000,, against 186,400, sugar  beet,"15,500, against 17,000,'. and corn  for fodder, 317,000, against 303,650. It  will be noted that the area under  flaxseed is 389,800 acres less than  last year, the decrease being principally in Saskatchewan, where the  area sown to flax is 1,030,000 acres  or 356,000 less than in 1913.  The condition of spring sown crops  at the end of June'was'on the whole  fairly satisfactory, except in regard to  hay and clover which, having been  affected by the1 prolonged drouth, has  a .standard condition of 73.7 as compared with 90.2 a month agO. All the  other crops have receded from the  high figures of June. lv and at June:  30 their condition in per cent, of the  standard of 100, taken as representing the promise of a fall crop, was  as follows: .Fall wheat, 78.2; spring  wheat, 86.9; all wheat, 84.5; oats,,.87.3;  barley, 86.2; rye, 84.7; peas, 86.9; mixed grams, 87.3; alfalfa, 81.5,, and pasture, ' 83.2. The condition of spring  wheat is marked as high as 90 in  Saskatchewan. Assuming the conditions between now and harvest will  be equal to the average of the past six  years, 1908-13,. the percentages of the  standard condition for wheat, rye,  barley and oats represent the promise  yields per .acre, superior to the six  year average in the case of spring  ST. SAVIOUR'S CHURCH.  (Anglican.)  Corner of First; Avenue Fast and  Semlin Drive, Grandview ������  Rev.   Harold jSt- G������?orge   Buttrum,  B. A. R. D. Rector.  Residence, the Rectory, 2023 First  Avenue East.   '. /  SUNDAY SERVICES ��������� Morning  prayer and Holy Communion the first  and third Sundays of the month at 11  a. m.; morning prayer every Sunday  at 11 a. m.; Holy Communion 2nd and  prayer every Sunday at- 7:30 p. m.  All heartily welcome.  "TKe Mark of Semi-ready Quality"  You now waste is so much  advantage lost, whilst on the  other hand if wisely used,  time is laidiiout at prbdigr  ious interest. ; ���������*  Open a  Account Torday  We pay 4% interest on dep^  osits subject to cheque.  Credited  12 Times a Year  and maintain a spot cash  reserve as against deposits  proportionately similar to  the great Banking institut  ions.  Closed at 1:00 O'clock on Saturdays  Specially insured against burglary  and hold-ups.  NOTARY PUBLIC  Dow, Fraser Trust Co.  317-321 Cambie Street  ���������'      2313 Main Street  Between 7th and 8th Aves.  McKay Station, Burnaby!  HOMAS & McBAIN will offer  500 "Semi-ready Lonely"  Suits at substantial price reductions  from the label sewn in the pocket  Suits at $12.00  Suits at $13.50  Suits at $16.50  Worth Up  to $30.00  THEN we are showing new and original models by the  Ghief. Designer���������rare and expensive English Worsted  Suitings at $25, $30, $35 and $40���������with a $5 gold piece  ���������a gold medal of honor ^ with each suit.  THOMAS & McBAIN  The Semi-ready Store        655 Granville St.  Phone Seymour 943  Davies & Sanders  General Contractors  55-66 DAVIS CHAMBERS  615 HASTINGS ST. W.  B.C. EQUIPMENT CO.  MACHINERY  DEALERS  CONCRETE  MIXERS, STEEL CARS, ROCK CRUSHERS, ELECTRIC,  STEAM AND GASOLINE HOISTS.      WHEELBARROWS, TRANSMISSION  MACHINERY,   GASOLINE  ENGINES,  PUMPS  AND ROAD MACHINERY.  Offices: 609-613 Bank of Ottawa Bldg.  Phone Seymour 9040  " (Exchange to all Departments)  SEALED  SECURITY  is essential to safe investment.  OGur Debentures guarantee a  a return of 5%���������are negotiate  DEBENTURES   ���������are secured by $7,480,339  .Assets.  4% on Savings Deposits. Subject to cheque  withdrawal. Interest compounded quarter-  yearly.   .  The Great West Permanent Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg., Ground Floor  R. J. POTTS, Manager.  BUITAU) GROCERY  Commercial Drive and 14th Avenue  "The Home of Quality"  Guaranteed Fresh  Best Quality ���������  Groceries  j p  . sincwr, prop, piione Fairmiint |033  HOUSEHOLD GOODS  -OFFICE FURNITURE  ii-j  t  T  HS^fhCAPtf&T'"'''ROUTES', OVER TW, ENTIRE   V/ORLD  CAHPBEU STORAGE COMPANY  MOVING - PACKING- STORAGE-SHIPPING  PHONE SEYMOUR 7360.  OFFICE 857 BEATTY ST.  r  of  A HOME INSTITUTION  being the only Canadian Chartered Bank with Head  Office in British Columbia.  SAVINGS DEPAOTMENT  at all Branches. Accounts may be opened with deposits of One Dollar and upwards; on which interest  at the highest current rate is paid or credited half  yearly.- '' ,��������� .     ,v   \ .  A General Banking Business Transacted.  CHAS. G. PENNGCK, General Manager. .-.^'���������i-.-l*.--.  Friday, August 7, 1914  THE,WESTERN CALL.  8B*  For, (Sate and  For Rent  Cards  10c each 3 for 25c  WESTERN CALL OFFICE, 203 Ktagsway  A DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Before employing a Private Detective, if you don't  know your num. ask your,  lesal adviser.  JOHNSTON, the Secret  Service tatelllgence Bureau. Suite 103-4  319 Pender St., W.  Vaacouver, B. C.  Ti-y Our Printing  Quality Second  to None  ���������^$m3m$*������$M$M$<>������$H$M$m{m$M$M$m������^ *$**$"$* t$M^t^������^M^4>^������^������4l^M^M^4H$M^4>e^M^ ������������������������  ..   A. E. Harron  J. A. HARRON  G. M. Williamson  ���������fra^M^M^���������$H$M$������|fra$>tjffr ifrafrafr ���������$!���������$������������$������$������������������$���������> *$��������� ifr���������$M$������������%M$������*|a <|l l|l ���������^^'>j������^������a^>������^������e^������^M^M^������>^������������^������>j><|>l|������ A foa^M^���������fr������  *"���������* *���������" *���������* * J* *F V "**  HARRON BROS.  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS  VANCOUVER NORTH VANCOUVER  Office ft Ohapel���������1034 Granville St.      Office* Chapel���������122 Sixth St. W.   f  Phone Seymour 3486 Phone .134  A>*******************************irt*****^^  *****************************************  ;j Trader's Trust Company, Ltd.  I  328-333 Rogers Bldg. Vancouver, B. C.  GENERAL AGENTS: J  Pacific States Fire Insurance Company      *>v  Franklin Fire Insurance Company  A GENERAL TRUST BUSINESS TRANSACTED  **.M-*****^*********V***** ********;W************-l*+i;  ARE YOU INTERESTED IN B.C.METHODISM?  v THEN THE  (Published Monthly)  .Isalmobt indespensible to you.  No other medium will give you such general and  such   satisfactory   information   about  Methodist,  activity in this great growing province.   Whether  a Methodist or not you are interested in Methodist  movement   Senfl your subscription to ���������  Manager Ketborttst-Recorder P. * P. Co., Ltd.   ��������� ���������   Victoria, B.C  $UOO '  One Year  \  ******\**i IHlHtHMIIMI <0������t('MH'HH1"l ********* Hf+  .J   ..  .tl4*4.{.l{..{^4Jw>4^.4{M}������������|.4}4.;.4J.4|.^44l������..*4^44{4^4.^l.{4;}l|{4      ������*44>*4^{m]m{44>Jm|m{m}m{n$m}n$m}m{4>J.4  The Housewife's Summer Slogan  "Cook With das'*  No husband who cares for the comfort of his wife and no housewife  who would properly safeguard her health during the summer should  neglect: to consider the advantages of cooking with gas during the   ^  coming heated term.  The Cost is Small-The Returns are Urge  At (he present time we lire able fo five prompt service in tbe making  of connection wilt, owr mains, hence wc advise yon to act promptly.  A phone call on New 3usiness Department, Seymour 5000, will place  at your disposal full particulars concerning connection with our mains.  A visit to our salesrooms will enable you to see a full line of guaranteed 0a������ Appliances, suited to every purse or particular demand.  $ VANCOUVER GAS CO.  %     Carrall and Plione M38 Oranvllle St.  X   Hastings Sts. Seymour 5000 Near Pavle St.  Ji^*%*,y*������W**************>***      ^���������<4*^^^.>^^4^4^^^^.JMJW^,J^,J^MjMJ,  THE GREATEST NEED OF THE BALKANS  By ANDREA TSANOFP    , w "       V' '  t *^ ���������  The author of this article Is a former member of the Bulgarian Parliament, and the pioneer Bulgarian advocate of Balkan Confederation. For more  than forty years he liaB been associated with the American Board Mission; To". /  twenty-two "years an Instructor in the American Collegiate and Theological In 1        ,   ,  stitute at Samokov, and for the last twelve years editor of Zornltza ("Morning  Star"), the oldest Bulgarian paper and the organ of evangelical work In tho  country.���������The Editor.  ������^> ���������������������������������������������������!������������������.���������������{���������.���������.���������������.������fr'>M'4H'."l^  future; I may even add,'if the peace [work must be pushed with  greater  of Europe is to be saved. "   {energy, both in Bulgaria and in the  That the situation in the Balkans  is neither quiet and satisfactory for  the present nor encouraging:- for the  future is well known by all careful  and systematic readers of the new%-  papers. After the two (feai war*  during the last couple of years, real  and lasting peace was. not established in these Balkans. And not  there only; but on account of the  importance of the Balkan question  and the great interest some.of the  European Powers have in that question, th������ situation of the whole of  Europe is far from, being satisfactory; she too is not without, danger  of some terrific conflagration.  The /knotty Balkan question was  not untangled even aft.r thes. wars.  Rich opportunities for doing g;>od to  humanity were lost by the European  Powers, and by the Balkan peoples  and states themselves, both before and  after the conflicts. Yet if on'.y the  so-called civilized Christian Powers  were less ambitious to possess what is  not their own, and were more faithful  to the humanitarian call, these disastrous wars could have been prevented.  The Balkan peoples and states themselves made great blunders, especially,  in connection with the second war,  for their actions were guided neither  by friendship nor justice; and .the  Bukharest and other treaties and arrangements, such as they are, instead  of solving the Balkan question, have  in some respects only made the situation worse. Great injustice has been  done, especially to some of the. peoples, and this injustice cries out for  redress. Without some corrections,  real and lasting peace and friendship  in the Balkans and even in Europe  can never be assured.  One of the greatest needs :of the  Balkan nations is education and training in the right spirit, so that they  may. all come to their true senses and  begin to .see that their interests, if  rightly understood, do not clash; that  they have common interests to protect and that, they: need to extend  friendly hands one to another, and  stop envying, hating, cursing, and  hampering one another.. This work  requires a lon_j time and much wisdom, but it must be done if thos.  states are to become friends and to  have real peace and prosperity in the  What is the best method for accomplishing this great training work for  the Balkans and for humanity in general? It is the method of the gospel  of Jesus Christ. The Balkan men, as  well as other men, need an education  that will change them inwardly, that  will create in them new ideals and  direct them in their feelings and actions. Diplomacy, money,* and even  science and philosophy cannot accomplish, this heart regeneration.  This work is for the gospel message  only. And this, I insist, is, the greatest need of the Balkan peoples and  states.  Now there is-a wide door open for  such work in Bulgaria, and great opportunities for the evangelical world  to push it energetically. Last year the  Bulgarians were accused .by some  enemies of being so barbarous as not  to deserve even to live among other  nations, but the real facts are coming  before the world. Bulgaria has been  and is the freest, the most progressive, and the most tolerant state in  the Balkans and in the whole of  Southeastern Europe. All nationalities and religions under her jurisdiction have their rights. The treatment  of the Potnaks (Mohammedan, Bulgarians) by some fooiish and bigoted  priests is the single exception, which  I have not the space to explain at  length here. You may freely preach  any doctrine, any religion, any political tenet, from one end of Bulgaria  to the other, and. print books in any  language you please.  The evangelical world, America  leading, has done much for Bulgaria  in the* past. The Bulgarians, perhaps  because of their 'mixed _ blood, - are  naturally a more democratic, tolerant,  and progressive people, but the evangelical work has been of great help  to them in this line. The circulation  of the Bible and of other good books  all'over'the: country, the preaching of  the- missionaries and of the native  pastors, the American schools in Constantinople, Samokov, Lovetch, Mon-  actir, and Salonica���������all these. have  done incalculable good to .Our people  as well as to other peoples. For all  ���������this we express our hearty thanks.  But the need is increased and the  whole of the Balkans. In Servia,  Greece, and Roumania there is ho re-,  ligious liberty and toleration, "and  there are no misisonaries there; but  they too should be made to feel their  great need of the pure gospel of  Christ. And from Bulgaria the work  can be carried on right and left, even  among all the one hun&eft .'-ojttlion;  Slav's. The American school!,inust  be. continued and strengthened*;^'the  schools in Samokov and Lovetch inust  be made -first-class gymnasia: The  fate of the schools in Salonica and  Monastir, left under the Greeks and  Servians, is now uncertain, but wc  hope for them too.  8T.']q������B-ft������L'8.CHURCH  , i i      j, r<    v  Cor.' Broadway and Prfnce Edward at  Services���������Morning' Prayer at it a.m.-     *  Sunday School and-Bible clan at !:���������������"  p.m. _ -   ' t  Holy Communion every Sunday at 8 a.m.  ' Eyenlng Prayer at 7:S0 p.m."  ���������nd fat and Srd Sundays at 11 a.m.  Rev.^O. H. Wilson. Hector  ���������������  OEDAR COTTAGE PRESBYTERIAB  CHURCH rV  0* " '  Rev. J. O. Madill. Pastor.     'Jc -  , Sabbath Schoof and Bible Claaaea *  at2.80p.m.."   ���������   n -'   '<-.   ;;  Prayer meeting at 8 p.m. on Wed- '  nesday. * ' '-    ���������  .Young People's meeting at 8 p.m. on  Monday night. ' *  :-V 1..,-^:��������� _. 4 Investors JMtatta  C _._._.!-__  . A aand-bnok for saeew-tal  Stocks-sn^^s^  copy today.  Mbr. Vancouver an _ _  Stock Bxehancao..  tni-Ucal  I Wlacfc  84������.  **^*******^*****^*r^**m^4^V*%i%\%\%11 HllHtHHHtf  SNAP FOR CASH  OR ON TERMS  Four Good Lots at  White Rock, B. C.    ,  APPLY Tu OWNER, WESTERN CALL  203 KINGSWAY  <!��������� ���������-��������� -8-<��������� ���������!��������� <��������� ������������������������ ������������������������!'!��������� ������������������������ -t-���������!''!��������� ���������!��������� ���������*!��������� '!��������� ���������!���������'!��������� ���������&'���������������!��������� 't-'8'4'���������!��������� ������������������������!��������� ���������!��������� '1'���������!��������� 4-���������!���������������'���������������>��������� '!������������������������������������*��������� ���������!��������� ������������������ 11II III! II  Advertise in "The Western tall"  HOW CAN YOU  MS9 EASILY?  ���������Mi.|"M''l"H''HvM''M,M  f   EXPERIMENTAL PRY-MNP FARM  I Near J05-Mile House  4#t^^'j^^^;.4.,;..|.4..|..|..g,.j[..j..{..|.,|..fM|..;..;l.s..|..|..t..|i.^^  Hon. William R. Ross, Minister of  Lands, has received some samples of  grains   grown   on   the   experimental  We deliver and hang Telephone Sey. 848  all Shades complete in place  F. W. BOWES & Co.  MANUFACTURERS   OF  Window SKades, Brass Curtain Rods and Fittings  Measurements taken and  Estimates given.  All Colors and Sizes made  to Order  1257 Granville St.  VANCOUVER, B.a  ���������  t  NATIONAL CULTURE AND REFINEMENT  Can we measure the value of example in bettering the social, moral J,  a and mental condition of home, civic or national"life? *  f,               A living example is a powerful factor in leading up to culture and a  a. refinement as a national  asset.    What more so than  that of an artis- A  X tically   made   home   nestling   among   beautiful   flowering   plants;   ros.es, *  ���������s. flowering and evergreen shrubbery;  shade trees, all encompassed  with ������J������  * hedges of holly, laurel or privet. ���������''���������' :*  A Cultivate a habit to spend your time to make such a home, and *  .]������ visit our Greenhouses and Nurseries; see our stock, and get expert ad- .���������  * vice from dur capable and courteous employees, which will greatly aid *  * you in your effort.    Our stock was never  better, larger or of greater *  * variety.    In our stock of over $100,000 we have everything that culture *  * and  refinement demands to make a home a credit to  the owners and ������������������*  * pleasing and interesting to the community. , . %  >                Catalogues mailed free on application. i.  I           Royal Nurseries, Limited I  A                      Of flea���������710 Dominion Bldg:., 207 Saatlaga 8t. W. %  4.                                                   Phona Saymonr 5556. ���������j*  * '                  STO_l_S���������2410 Granville St.    Phono Bayvlow 19S6. T  J.                Greenhouses  and  Nurseries  at  Royal  on  B.   C.  Electric  Railway, 4������  4. Eburne Line, about two miles south of the eity limits. .;���������  4.                                                       Vfcona���������Bburno 43. *  ** * *** * * * <$*******'l' ** * **^l>*******<*****************^^  dry land farm established in July  last year near 105 Mile House on the  Cariboo road in Northern Lillooet.  The wheat samples are over three  feet in length and headed out fully.  They represent growth of two  months. All the samples show excellentV^ow^h "and "indicate" the^pos^  sibilities of cultivation without irrigation in the dry belt under modern  dry farming ' methods, which have  had such tremendous effect upon the  agricultural development of Montana  atid other states of the Great plains.  ^The crops at both the Lillooet and  Nicola experimental dry farms���������the  farm in the Nicola district is set high  on the rolling plateau of the Quil-  chena commonage at elevation of  3,800 feet above sea level���������are showing remarkable growth, and when the  fact is considered that cultivation was  not begun until the summer of last  year, too late to save the snow water  and much of the spring rains, the results attained are creating considerable interest.  The experimental work undertaken  by the Department of Lands, at these  points in the dry belt of British Columbia, where it has been the custom to .consider-only the land below  the irrigation ditches as farming land  and that above as open range, where  the'herds'of cattle could roam is being carried out to demonstrate the  possibilities of dry farming on this  great area now considered of value  only as range. The indications at  the two farms go to show that a vast  area which can be successfully farmed  under the method practised, as these  farms will be added to the land available for agriculture.  Prof. W. J. : Elliott, of the Olds  School of Agriculture, after a visit  to these experimental farms, said:  "Realizing the importance of the  agricultural industries already established; I believe I am safe in saying that the proper development of  the dry land areas of British Columbia will open up a phase of agriculture that will rival the best developed  agricultural branch in the Province  today. I, of course, do not mean that  the dry land areas will be developed  at the expense of any existing indus  try, but it will be the development  of a new agriculture that will  add thousands of homes to the  population of the Province, and may  rank in commercial importance with  any existing agricultural industry."  Hon. W. J. Bowser, Attorney-General, and Hon. William R. Ross, Minister of Lands, have returned from a  tour; of the; Northern interior, having  crossed the Province on, the new  Grand Trunk Pacific railway. Well  attended meetings were held at the  various centres of population. Both  ministers were listened to with considerable interest.. They are enthusiastic regarding i the development  which has followed upon railroad construction and optimistic regarding the  future in the north.  (Continued  P������B������ 6)  C.O.D.  If the Cash-on-Delivery System is in use in your country, then  you need only send 10y for either 'I Rings you select and pay  balance when you receive the Rings.     Masters, Ltd., tje, EigllDd  MASTERS'   LTP.  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOGUE  may be seen at  20^    KINGSWAY  any day  between 8 a.m.  arid 5 p.m.  Saturday till 12  noon.  Orders left with  V. Odium >v . ���������  THE, W1S*Tf.JR N:" f A LJ.  Friday, August 7, 1914  THE WESTERN CALL  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  '���������  BY-THE.:, -;;v .jV;-..^-.  lERMlNAL CITY PftESsFLJD.  HEAD OFFICE:  203 Kingsway. Vancouver  Telephone Fairmont 1140  SuheerlpUeat  Oae Dellara Year in Advanee  B1.BO OutaideCaneia  If you do not get 4^CALL" regularly  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  *,.}.  THE HINDU IN BRITISH COLUMBIA  THE SOUDAN  General Gordon, soldier, saint, and at last a  martyr to the Sudan's emancipation, \ised to call  it "a useless possession/' This estimate was an  echo of th. old Arab tradition that "when Allah  made the Sudan he laughed." But the contemptuous laughter of men has changed into wonder  as the million odd square miles of useless land are  beginning to yield an abundant and useful fruitage. The liberation of its varied; peoples from the  oppressive and fanatical yoke of Mahdi and dev-  isKse, and the institution of justice and good order, have doubled the population since 1898, until  it now numbers some three millions.  Of these, Lord Kitchener declared in 1912 that  "there is now hardly a poor man in the Sudan."  The state is self-supporting; cotton, and sugar  cane are being largely raised; irrigation schemes  calling for $25,000,000 are under consideration.  Slave raiding has ceased, though domestic slavery  stiy exists. Among the Arabic speaking people  education is desired; and slow but distinct moral  improvement is discernible. :.V-'"'"���������">���������-  4 0������rtt of Highwaymen and BurgiiMTi  |ul a recent letter from Aruppukottai, Rev.  Franklin % Jeffery tells of workv which the mi*;  sion( is carrying on at 6ne of the villages not far  from that city. He says:���������       ., ���������: u  vMW> have a novel work in progress in Vatli-  uvarpattai. This place is the headquarters of  the JCuruvars, a caste of highway robbers and  bouse breakers. Each man has two or three wives.  The Jtwuvaw purchase baby girls at fifteen dollars apiece and rear them in their homes for wives.  Their chief became a Christian and launched a  reform movement among bis people. Thirteen of  his followers have, come to us. J5*ch of tihese men  has signed the following pledge and indorsed the  signature by hia thufib impression: 'We pledge  to abstain from every form of theft and to live  clean Christian lives; Wevwill not leave the vil-  Jaife except on pe>missioiv<rom the teacher. We  will bring home virtl^H^u^^relsitiver whorare^  now "out hunting" and cause them to live at  home. We will give up drunkenness and settle  our disputes through church committtees. /We  will cease buying as wives, baby girls, and will  have our marriages solemnized in a Christian  way only and after the bride has become of proper  age. We will attend the church regularly and  educate our boys and girls.'  "They are people who have property and  have no need to steal, but they enjoy the excitement of the 'night hunt' as much as the Englishman enjoys stalking the tiger, and it will be a sacrifice for them to give up this form of 'sport.' "  AFRICAN RAILROADS  Nine-tenths of the railway mileage of Africa is  included in the British systems of the Nile valley  and South African and the French systems of  Algeria and Tunisia. The work of the Germans,  which rank third in magnitude, is confined to ambitious beginnings in the jungles of the east and  west coasts of the tro_>ics.> The energies of each  nation have been characteristic. The Briton responding to the present need and ever zealous for  the material uplift of h^s subject races, has built  railways to help him carry "The White Man's  Burden." The Frenchman, eager, imaginative,his  eyes alight with dreams, has pushed his railway  projects in order to rivet together with bands of  steel an African empire which dwarfs that conquered by the first Napoleon. The German, stolid, imperturbable, confident, sword in one hand  and theodolite in the other, fights his way and  runs his levels through the pestilential jungles of  the tropics as a part of the day's work in winning  the Fatherland its long-denied but implacably  resolved upon "place in the sun."  Present results of these widely diverse policies are about what one would expect. The British lines���������even the most impossibly located ot  them���������are paying handsomely; the French sys-'  tems are paying " in spots," and the German beginnings not at all. This is today's balance sheet,  and if commercial considerations only are to be  taken into account, tomorrow's will probably not  shoW|( great changes. Events in Europe will have  much-to do in determining to what extent the various policies will be vindicated on political  grounds.  Whatever view one takes of the Hindu trouble  in British Columbia, there is litjle room for doubt  that the Hindus have not helped to smooth matters. They have rubbed British Columbia's fur the  wrong way. Like all other fur, rubbed under  such circumstances, it will fly. There are>inter-/  national ethics and honor and brotherly loySj and"  numerous other factors in the problem, but the'  one prominent fact is that British Columbia does  not want the Hindu..'. Whether or not the Hindu  has mbral and legal rights to enter and remain in  the Pacific Coast province, it is certain that his  stay there will be^as comfortable as that of a snowball trying to live at ninety in the shade.���������From"  Monetary Times. , \  THE ARGENTINE  The Argentine has leaped to first rank as a  wheat producing land; and is rapidly capturing  a lion's share of the chilled and frozen meat trade.  70,000,00 acres are in cultivation���������about one-  sixth of the land available; and there are 30,-  000,000 cattle in the country, 80,000,000 sheep, and  in addition over 8,000,00 horses. An enormous  amount of British capital has been poured in to  develop the country, especially in railway building. Success is the god of the Argentine. Religion is a matter of almost universal indifference:  U. S. BOUND TO HAVE RECIPROCITY  A scheme for a waterway which by way of the  Richelieu river would connect Montreal with New  York and afford a 12-foot navigation, is planned  by the United States government.  THE PRICE OF FOOD  UP TO DATE  The new Cunard steamer, the Aquitania, numbers in������ her life boat equipment two motor boats,  whose function it will be to tow the ordinary life  boats in case of disaster. The motor boats are  each 30 feet long by 9 feet 6 inches Wide. They  are equipped with paraffin motors, but petrol may  be used in order to start them immediately. . They  are provided with medical chests, blankets and  food supplies. A ^Marconi wireless apparatus,  having a range of about 300 miles, is also fitted,  the "aerials" being carried on two 25-foot bamboo masts, which may be lowered when hot in use.  OPIUM TRAFFIC V  A correspondent of the North China Herald  from South Manchuria declares that while China's  three eastern provinces have done good work in  rooting out the poppy plant, some of the blackest  rascals from Northern China grow the poppy in  Russian territory: just over the border and smuggle it into China in large quantities. The ordinary  Russian peasant farmer is said to, be entirely  willing to rent his fields for a large sum, and is  quite unconcerned by the fact that the poppy  soon impoverishes the soil.  'ffim*1* iwjoim* vim  ���������'���������mi  China's national debt is the smallest of any of  the great nations. She owes only $663,834,995,  while France's debt is $6,343,208,000 and Germany's is $4,913,320;000. China's average j>er  capita is only $1.66, while that of the British Empire is $8.01 and the United States is $10.01.  Almost every European government has announced its intention of blocking all efforts made1  to raise the price of food.  Canada will not be behind Jn this as is evidenced by an interview given yesterday by Vancouver's member, Mir. H. H. Stevens.'  "My attention has been drawn by the very  best authority to the efforts being made in certain  quarters to create a corner on foodstuffs. I wish  to say that any attempt to cause an artificial and  UnnaturaKstate of the market should be met with  the strongest condemnation., Public interest, the  , common good, demands that all considerations of  a purely selfish nature should be sunk in the face  of the unusual situation caused by the war in  which our Empire is involved.  ''While there can be no question that certain  interests have begun to take active steps looking  to an arbitrary control of the food supplies, notably flour and cereals," said the member, "it is  just possible that the.individuals concerned have  not stopped to consider the real nature of the  course they contemplate. To my mind, these  people have merely thought of the chance of  making some money, never reflecting the hardship they might cause.  "However, there is no fear that the move will  go unchecked. ��������� The people will be only too ready  to express their sentiments, and I feel sure the  press will lend its powerful aid in the interests of  the people. I may say," concluded Mr. Stevens,  "that I have already wired to Sir Robert Borden,  urging that the government take every means to  protect the interests of the people, even, if necessary, assuming arbitrary control of the supply of  the staple necessaries of life."  G, T. P. DOCK IN SEATLE BURNED  i.>_>  THE CHINESE BIBLE  In 1814 the New Testament prepared by Morrison in classical form.was; printed in China. In  all the hundred years since then the printing of  Bibles for China has gone steadily \on., After  Morrison, missionary linguists for a generation  worked on the improvement of,'his classical^ version, and many editions embodying these iraprove-  '' ments were printed. In 1872 a translation^of the  New Testament into Mandarin was made, which  brought the Scriptures within reach of those  Chinese who could read tbe classical language  only indifferently. Later still the American Bible Society caused the Old Testament also to be  put into Mandarin, and for the past forty years  this ha������ been the version most commonly used.  At present two committees chosen by missionaries in general conference are working, with the  assistance of the Bible societies, to unify the var-,  ious versions. One committee has charge of the  classical, or Wenli, version, and the other of the  Mandarin. It is expected that the two revisions  r���������both Old and New Testaments���������will ������be ready  for publication in about three years. Meanwhile  Gospels and portions of the Bible have been translated into numerous Chinese dialects which the  common people use and love, and in all it is estimated that 35,000,00 .volumes of Scripture have ;  been put into circulation in China. .   \ .. ���������''  A REMARKABLE TESTIMONy FROM CHINA  Just as we went to press last week a disastrous fire occurred in Seattle causing the death,  of one man and serious injuries to thirteen firemen and others, three known to be missing. The  Grand-Trunk Pacific dock was destroyed by fire,  that for a time threatened to sweep the waterfront south of Marion street. The fire is believed y  to have been caused by the careless dropping of a  cigarette or a lighted match in the loose chaff  which was banked against the outer walls on the  lower floor of the dock. The loss, not yet fully  checked, will total,fully $400,000. Nearly all is  covered by insurance. V V  One of the peculiar features of the fire which  is responsible for the loss of life is the fact that  the fire gained headway unnoticed by hundreds  of people; nearby until it had burst into roaring  flames that could not be checked.  v The "fire was discovered at 3:49 o 'clock by  Wharfinger C. B. Hicock, who turned in the alarmu,  Forty minutes later the tower collapsed and the  entire structure was a charred and shouldering  ruin. ���������> "..v-rvJs\. vv' - "   ������������������ V i '  -'.'.?':;���������:'.  ;r-..--^Hf"9W(^ Clew.; ���������'.-'���������  p'r. Austin Sh*w of the City Hospital staff,  after an examinfftion of the body found in the^  ruins, pronounced it that of a man. , A xsmall strip,  of jne8h underwear was the only thing by which,  it can possibly be indentified. Many persons  called at the county morgue last night, but could  not identify the victim. The hody was found  near the far end of the dock. The firemen who  were in that part of the dock believe the man was  probably knocked unconscious by falling debris  while on his way to the edge of the dock and  burned to,death-V   v  V All of the records of the city harbor department, together with office equipment and some  cash, was lost, and Harbor Master A. A. Payss  narrowly escaped with his life.  Many saved themselves by jumping into the  bay, and were picked up by small boats.  BLOOP CAN BE PURIFIEP  " At Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Dr.  William H. Welch, dean, has demonstrated that  the blood of the human hody may all be pumped  out and, cleansed and returned. With a marvelous aparatus the blood is pumped through an artificial kidney.' The physicians who made the machine are Pr. John J. Abel, Pr. Leonard C. Rown-  tree and Pr. P. B.Turner."  This if true is good news for many a physical sinner���������but there is a'better way. The body  itself has all the apparatus necessary for continuously cleansing the blood and keeping same  pure and clean and fresh. Learn the law of  health, and let the doctors practice oh some other  fellow.  OONNAUOHT APARTMENTS  Corner Eighth avenue and Guelph street. Suites  in this modern fireproof building to let at med-  erate rent. Phone Fairmont 1716.  South Vancouver  The letting of the contract to pave Joyce road  from Wellington to Government streets , to  Messrs. Harrison ft Wall indicates that the council is awake to the fact that local industries must  be encouraged. We understand this firm is not \j  only lOcal^uut 4hat they are about to erect an extensive plant on the North Ann of the Fraser  river;:; '';V *":\ :>;.;.; ;HVy,"::;..; -v  ;'���������' The neW pavement has been tried out in the  Old Country, v and results are said to have been  very satisfactory, and we understand this firm  has secured the Canadian patent rights.  Mr. Harrison j who at one time held the position of secretary to^ the Board of Trade along  with his partner, Mr. Wall, designed and supervised the erection of the South Vancouver municipal bunkers.   . ~  Recognizing the part road paving will play in  Canada, Mr. Harrison and Mr. Wall visited the.  Old Country, making a study of /the varioua  methods adopted there. They also consulted with  some of the most eminent road engineers as to the  durability of the various classes of patent pavements that had.been put on the market; also as  to their suitability for the different kinds of traffic. ';' ...(   '."  The effect of the war will be felt as keenly in  South Vancouver as anywhere in Canada. The  hope of a fairly good winter, with the expectation  of a prosperous spring, does not look so hopeful  as tit did a few weeks ago. The call to arms  served by King George will find a ready response  on the part of bur South Vancouver men: In  the hour of danger to the Empire it is the duty 1  of every unmarried man especially, to respond to  the call to arms.  Seymour Narrows Bridge  There is a persistent rumor afloat that the  B. C. Government are. about to. undertake the  building of the Seymour Narrows' bridge, and  coanecting railroad in connection with the Mackenzie and Mann interests. We think not. The  undertaking of any fresh enterprise with the rail-'  rovtd knights will be postponed until some of the  undertakings already underway are hearer completion.  Besides the building of a $25,000,000 for the  main span together with other expensive bridges  to connect up with an island population of 100,-  000 people is a dream that will not be realized  under the administration of such practical politicians as Messrs. -McBride and Bowser.  With a population of 10 or 15 millions and  vast development of Vancouver Island mineral  resources���������the bridge over Seymour Narrows  might become a possibility. a;  Swedish .Paper  ...... Owing to the war and the natural following  of business the Svenska Canada JCuriren, Swedish;  -Weekly publication in "Vancouver,, will suspend J  publication until such time as the war clouds 4w-  appears and business outlook will again brighten.  In the meantime a page in the Swedish language will appear in the Western Call.   _  Hoping that this .will meet with approval of all  who understand the present serious situation of -J  our. adopted country and also'that your patronage  in this situation will be extended to us as it has ^  been ������n previous time. '  Vancouver, Aug. 6th 1914.  SVRNSICA CANAPA JCURIREN  B. C. University  '.���������������������������'  ��������� i  As far as possible the materials used in the  erection of the buildings of the University of British Columbia at Point Grey will be those manufactured in this province, according to word  brought back from Victoria by a deputation from  =the ManufacturersLAssociationjwbi^  terview with Hon. W.' J. Bowser. The members  are pleased with the treatment which they received at the hands of the attorney-general whom,  they state, showed himself entirely in sympathy  with the views of the association and promised  to see that the specifications favored British Columbia products.  It has been considered almost certain that the  goverment in the erection of the university buildings would patronize home industry and with the  assurances given by.Hon. Mr. Bowser there is no.  longer any doubt. The manufacturers believe that  this decision will mean almost $1,000,000 to the  producers of the province.  Mr. J. A. G. Hart, secretary of the association,  said that the bulk of the materials to be used in  the construction of the university would be manufactured within this province. He stated that it  would mean a great thing for British Columbia j  factories, and would keep many of them busy for  some time to come.  In the preface of six new primers and educational books prepared by the Chinese the following statement is found:  "As we study the history of the world, we  find that the blesings of education, science, discovery, etc., have all emanated from the disciples  bf the Christian religion. All that has really benefited our country, the best books, the best schools,  the most helpful ideas,.have had their source in  Christianity and been handed to us by its  teachers."  FROM ' 'MONETARY TIMES."  Two hundred and fifty thousand dollars is  said to be the' price ������paid VyVMr. A. L. Cunningham, of Seattle, on behalf of Washington capitalists, for a couple of hundred acres of fruit lands  in the vicinity of Fort George on Friday. The  land was purchased from E. R. Fraser, of Fort  George, who has extensive holdings of fruit lands  in that district.  Oh dear I   Mr. Monetary (Times, how did you  ever let such a wild cat get into your columns!.  $1250.00 an acre for Fort George lands���������don't  some of us wish it were true.   And fruit lands, too.  OhS Oh! ���������    '���������-  8. Mary th* Virgin, South Hill.  (Cor. Prince Albert St and 52nd Ave.)  8:00 a.m.���������Holy Eucharist.  11:00 a.m.���������Matins and sermon.  (Late, celebration on  1st and  Srd  3:00 p.m.���������Children's Service (Third  Sunday)./  4:00   p.m.,   Holy   Baptism   (except  Sundays):  7:3p p;m.���������Eveilsotig and Sermon. ���������  Third Sunday).  South Vancouver Undertakers  Hamilton   Bros.  We are foremost in our line for  Moderate Priced Funerals  6271 Frasir Street  Pbone Fraser 19  FOR SALE CARDS HERE  War will not materially advance the  price of Groceries at  COCHRANE & ELLIOTT'S  Our stock is exceptionally  LARGE AND  FRESH  Fruits for Canning  A striking feature, quality the  best. ~  Bring your cash and we will prove the  truth of our statements.  Cochrane"^ elliott  657  15th Avenue and Kingsway  PHONE YOUR ORDERS FAIRMONT 761  iM&&-;s**,*K u  &f\-f*:  <   >l ���������>- *  V-������yi  ���������>'    * *   >i '     -4. ^ ���������"       \lV  -M *  ���������.    1%       *   '.,  Friday. August 7.19U  *. ~v_  lOBEAT BRITAIN SUPREME  -  WITH ITS .AIR EQUIPMENT  Iquip  (George E. A. Hallett, Expert Aviator, Picks English Nation if War  of Clouds Is Staged.  New  York.���������Probably  no  man  in  [America is Letter informed concerning  the relative strength and weakness of  aerial navies of the big European  >owers  than  George  E. A.  Hallett,  rho at present is engineer and assistant to Lieut. John Cyril Porte, R. N.,  ind one-half the crew of the- transatlantic flyer America.  Mr. Hallett passed more than a year  Europe, first as s instructor in the  mperial Russian flying school at Se-  astopol, later as student and aero-  autical observer in France, England  nd Germany.  Mr, Hallett is of the opinion that in  uality at least and.in fighting effi?  iency England is the European leader  the air. \  "The  English  may not    have    as  any  dirigibles  and  aeroplanes    as  e. continental countries," Mr. Hal-  said, "but when it comes to fine  pment in perfect condition, and  ill in handling it, Great Britain is  choice in an air fight.  "The Rusians take to flying as na-  rally  as  any  people  I  have  ever  en.   Once let them get in the air and  ey  are  daring,  ingenious  and  re-  nrceful. ....... _ '��������� ,^;...; ,  "Where the Russians fall down,  wever, and fall' down woefully, is  the mechanical end of the game,  e upkeep, and the care of their ma-  inps.   ������������������.';'���������-.  "The' German goes to the opposite  treme.    They have wonderful, me-  anics,   and   they  are. well   driven,  iscipline is wonderful and they turn  fine work.,   But in the air the  rman is not an impressive propo-  He tries to learn to fly by a  |et of book rules, and he'doesn't al-  ays    meet    with    success.      They  aven't the instinct of flying.  As for the French, everybody  flows their mechanical skill, their  aring, and their enthusiasm. For all  at, however, when it comes to real  ghting, I think the English aviator  [orps is. first."  [ut  l tion.  Fave The Forests  Store The Floods  [The motto of the International Ir-  p gat ion Congress, which meets in  ./estern Canada this year, "Save the  forests, Store the Floods," is really  ipreciated in British Columbia.  In the valleys of the Kootenay River, Okanagan Lake, Thompson and  Fraser rivers, there are about 100,000  acres bf land which are greatly improved in productive capacity, by irrigation. The streams from which  water must be secured, without exception, head in timbered/hills.  The timber in the headwaters of  these streams is not ajt pjresent valuable for lumbering purposes. Its  value to the public, however, is  shown by its influence on stream  flow.  A stream to be valuable for irrigation must supply water, regularly  during the dry summer season. Watersheds barren of forests act like  roofs. They pour the waters from  spring rains and melting snows down  over thfeir bare rock" slopes- in torrents in the early season when water  is not needed for irrigation. When;  midsummer.' comes- and water - is  needed for man and fruit crops, these  streams are dry. Forester watersheds, on the other hand, do not give  up their waters so prodigally. The  timber protects the snow and holds  its melting later in the summer. The.  waters from rain and melting snow  are caught by the vegetation beneath  the trees,' soak into the spongy soil  covering of moss, mulch and decayed  vegetation, are led by myriad little  channels into the open soil and seep  gradually down, appearing below in  springs which feed the streams summer long.''V^-' | '"'���������'v.-';  Certain, forests in the Province, par-,  ticularly in ��������� the mountains around  Okanagan lake, are given special care  in fire protection because of. the immense, value of. the water yielded by  their forested slopes. A high level,  trail has been built around Okanagan lake to facilitate patrol by forest  guards. ' - ���������..,'���������'������������������  This trail commands a view of the  whole Okanagan valley; laterals in the  larger tributary . valleys connect it  with settlements along the lake below  and with lookout men stationed on  outstanding mountain' peaks above, t  The use-of the look out man is a  new feature of forest fire protection  in Western Canada. In the Okanagan district two mountain peaks have  been chosen from which* any sign of  smoke can be spotted and accurately  located in the forested watershed of  Okanagan lake. These lookouts, be  tween 6000 and 7000 feet high are connected by telephone with the district  Forester's office. A man is constantly ton duty on each from June to  September. ��������� His equipment consists  of field glasses and good maps.,..At  ; ;,H"H"H',H''H*Ml*'t"H"'*^  X.  ^  % A  \  Robert Burns' Lairwnt  On ike Occasion^ of the Departure of the Troops --. * , \ -  Durw&^ihe Last Great World War'  *?  n  \:  jj  ���������������  Gae bring to me a pint V wine  And fill it in a silver tassie, <  That I may drink before I go  A service to my bonnie lassie.  The boat rocks at the pier o' Leith,  Fu' loud the wind blows frae the ferry.  The ship rides-by the^;Berwick;Law,  And I maun leave my bonnie Mary.  Gae bring to me a pint o' wine,  And fill it in a silver tassie,  That I may drink before I goi  A service to ihy bonnie lassie.  The trumpets sound, the harness fly,  The glittering spears are ranked and ready;  The,shouts of war are heard afar,  The battle closes deep and bloody.I  It's not the roar o' sea'or shore  ���������  Wad ma^c' me langer wish to tarry,  Nor shouts o' war that's heard afar,  It's leaving thee, my bonnie Mary.  Gae bring to me a pint o' wine  And fill it in a silver tassie, '  That I may drink before I go,  >. A service to my bonnie lassie.    ���������.  V  ������J"  1-  1  \ >'  The three Vancouver regiments have volunteered en bloc to go to the front.  So have 100,000* other Canadians. There trill be manya lad sing Burns' lament  before these evil days are over*  *tl������M'*********************** 'g'.-I-' t1 ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� <��������� ���������!��������������� ������!��������� 4* <��������� -t- ������}��������� ���������> -t- -t1 ������8' 't' ���������!��������� <��������� ���������!��������� *t "i-t1 -81 -t1 ���������!' <��������� 't1 -l1"'!1 ��������� ���������' t141 '!��������� <��������� 'I1 ��������� ���������'  U^MllMIIH  the first thin spiral of smoke he tele-  ;     .   ���������-.���������-.���������  ���������������������������> ������������������. ' ���������    ��������� '-. ���������- j  phones the particulars-tb the district  office, the local guard is warned and  the fire controlled before expensive  proportions. '.;������������������,.. :.;. i '���������  Citizens of the district haV_������ cooperated in meeting the cost? bf'-this'  fire insurance. Towns depending on  forested watersheds for municipal  water supply, voted money to assist in  building telephone lines to ��������� lookout  points. Irrigation companies with  big investments on forested streams  shared the cost of trail and telephone  construction.     ������������������   ���������  For Sale and  For Rent  Cards  XOceach 3 for 25c  ROD and gun  '���������'��������� ****** >** * V X M 11X It HUH 'frH It * X1 111 114 1 t M H 1111 **  The August number of Rod and  Gun issued by W. J. Taylor, Limited,  Publisher, Woodstock, Ont.,, has appeared, and is up to the usual standard of excellence maintained by this  representative "Canadian magazine of  outdoor life! The coyer cut is an attractive one, and illustrates a big  catch of tuna in Nova Scotia, where  the sport of catching this big fish with  rod and line is growing in favor. The  contents include many interesting  stories,1 and articles, among them another canoe story' "To Moose Factory by Canoe," which in so far as  the territory ^ covered is concerned  forms a. continuation of the account  given in last month's issue of a Trip  from Lake Temiscaming to Lake Ab-  itibi. Bonnycastle Dale gives a graphic description df, "Wild Fowling  with the Kwakiutls" and the issue includes, stories of interest to. the general reader as well as articles and  departments containing special infor*  maticAi. for the sportsman.  Use Fuel Oil  and Save Money  If you are interested ln reducing yonr Fuel Bill,  see us. We are saving money for others, and can  do the same for you.  We supply and Install' Fuel Oil Plants ot all  descriptions. Wb cannot give you a cheap plant,  but we can satisfy you when results aret considered.  We have a large number of plants now ln Operation in hotels, office buildings, apartment houses*  schools and colleges.  t  fuel Oil Equipment Company  LIMITED '       .  j; 713 Pacific ftMQ.    Nqm ley. 1727 'Vancouver, ft. C  ^.|i^<,������^4.4.it..|.������.t.������'t'������t'l'������'t''t'������'lll<l������l<l������'tl't'l������|t'4l'������4''ll������'t������4 ������< # tf '������< t ������������������������������������^<  '-..I--'  :(;���������������������������������������������   .  i *���������  _, ���������  By a".vote..of 154,638 to 883, Califoroia in tbe year of J87.9 voted  against f urther immigration of Chinese to the State. This overwhelming expression of sentiment of the populace of that tune finds in a degree repetition in the recently closed episode of the shipload offtin-  dns, whose leaders thought that hy some technical flaw in our Canadian Jaws they would he enahJed to^Jand in our midst a ntunher of  their countrymen who, ifvtoey^had sMceedMm  British Columbia, would have formed hut the advance guard of count- /  less hordes to follow. * /  Notwithstanding the attitude of some people, whose opinion on a  question of this nature is apt to he swayed more by sentiment than  reason, we in British Columbia have every reason to congratulate ourselves on the outcome of the Komagata Haru incident. Now that it is  over, no one will deny its serious aspects, nor that it was fraught with  great menace to the industrial and labor situation of our Province.  ; The history of nations has shown that the policy of over-protection has its evils equal in measure to those of the wide-open door, but it  is generally conceded that the successful growth of the adolescent community is dependent upon the protection afforded to its individuals  and the enterprises in which they are engaged. So, our laws, which  know not sentiment, but recognize only justice and equality, are framed;  But in security of the protection which we in British Columbia  Victtow enib^; we are apt to overlook just such losphojes which tbe promo-  .-"'.; teni of the KdmatagaItlaru^^ enterprise hoped to, hut, fortunately for  us;f^edtQ^4a   .������������������'"."���������'���������/������������������.',;���������...;.���������'��������� ���������..���������";���������  .^'-''Ipbiig/Kbiig,. which is British only in the sense of its being a  treaty pbr^ ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Nanking in the  ^ ^^^yea^|^,^there lare^j^  sugarvrehning. "  th Vancouver, British Columbia, we also have many thriving industries, and that of the British Columbia Sugar Befining Company,  which employs over 300 white workmen and disburses annually a sum  closely approximating two million dollars, is by no means tbe least important. ..'."-'': .���������' ��������� ' ���������''.,���������' ��������� ���������  . Is it then reasonable, or in keeping with our policy of protection,  ,to encourage in any way the sale or consumption in Vancouver of sugar'refined in Hong Kong by Asiatic coolies, towards whose exclusion  our efforts are so vigorously directed, when we can obtain at no greater  cost sugar equally as good, and refined by white workmen who live in  and form a part of our own community? Unfortunately, however,  this is just what is happening in Vancouver today.  (There are in Vancouver today* certain importers and dealers who persist in import- ��������� ��������� ....  ing and selling Hong Kong coolie refined sugar.   They do this knowingly-���������for a possible few cents extra profit to themselves��������� ���������  ���������in which the public do not benefit.      -  ���������but rather dp they lose,  ���������because every pound of Hong Kong coolie refined sugar sold in Vancouver means  a pound less of sugar refined in Vancouver,  ������������������and a cphsequentreduction in a Vancouver payroll;;  ���������AND SUGAR REFINED IN VANCOUVER COSTS NO MORE.      ,  If you would supinely accept conditions such as the action of these contrary, you are interested in the welfare olTancouver, you_will  dealers would impose, it will not concern, you whether thelugar you , make it a point to ask for and get the sugar which is renned in J3nt-  buy is Hong^^ Kong coolie or British Columbia refined; but if, on the ish Columbia.   As we have said��������� .  bbN'rr let your dealer sustitute���������ask for and get  yy  and when-you.make your request, pronounce the^^ name in full, and see that the package bears the brand of the  BRITISH   COLUMBIA   SUGAR   REFINING   COMPANY   LIMITED  VANCOUVER BRITISH COLUMBIA  m 9"  , THE WESTERN CALL  Friday. August. 7,1914  V  LAND NOTICES  VAKCOTTVEH LANS  SXBTBXCX.  District of JUw ���������W������������tmln������t������r.  I  Mount Pleasant Livery  j TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phono Fairmont B45  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.   ^  <,  4tWHll MM ***** 1IH MM������i 1I>II������*'H������'MH'1������MI"I'HKI������  TAKE NOTICES that Catherine Florence Beatty, of Vancouver, B. C, Lady,  intends to apply to-.the Chief Commissioner of Lands tor a license to prospect for coal, petroleum and natural gas  on the following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted at the  southwest corner of Lot 2025, .Group 1,  N.1 W. D.; thence north 80 chains; east  80 chains; south 80 chains; west 80  chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres more or less.  Catherine Florence Beatty,  Per Agent Thomas J. Beatty.  Dated 6th June, 1914.  Experimental Dry Land  Farm  near i05-mile House  (Continued from Page 3)  ********************%****** ********ftH'**********,l'*****  COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS  Cash or  Easy  | Payments  $40000  ^:  Stock to   %  Choose  From  ::  Gome in and talk it over when looking for furniture.  BAXTER & WRIGHT  ;;  Phone Seymour 771  416 Main Street ;:  *  **\^>X'***************************************^^  Commercial Printing at "Western Call" Office  ���������  PLY TIME  is here    Screen Poors  AND W HAVE    _,    * TTT.   j  a        Screen Windows  liABGE STOCK    TT7.       0  of       Wire Screens  At prices that williriterest you.  ye carry a complete stocK ot Jap-a-lac in nil sizes   JUSTPHONE US YOUR ORPERS "  We. deliver promptly to any part of the City  and Surrounding Districts , vv V  W,R Owen J Morrison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  For Fresh and Cured Meats  go to this Old Reliable Market  It is not excelled for Quality or Prices in Vancouver  This is the Oldest Established  Market* in Vancouver, an example  of "The Survival of the Fittest"  Place: Corner Broadway and Kingsway  Proprietor: FRANK TRIMBLE  Phone: Fairmont 257  ���������AVCOOTSB &AVD DMTSXCT.  District of tit Wntmlulit.  TAKE NOTICE that Catherine Florence Beatty. of Vancouver, B. C., Lady,  Intends to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands for a license to prospect for coal, petroleum and natural gas  on the following described lands:���������  Commencing   at   a   post   plainted   80  chains north and 20 chains east of the  southwest corner of Lot 2025, Group 1,  N. W.  D.; thence north 80 chains; east  80   chains;   south   80   chains;   west   80  chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres more or less. .  Catherine Florence Beajtty,  Per Agent Thomas J. Beatty.  Dated 6th June, 1914.  *���������������������������*���������������������������*; * ,* ������ *>,���������* *>* .���������������...������������ *; *,������ ������i.    .. ������ ..������ ..������!. ifr. iff _������,. *���������*��������� t* ��������� *,���������+,+tf ������.#  Xuurs ACT  ���������f  ���������aacouTU &M&. V District���������IMrtrlot  Coast man.T*'Vo. 2.  TAKE: NOTICE that William Moore,  of Vancouver, B. C, Tinsmith, intends  to apply for permission to. purchase the  following described lands:���������  Commencing at a post planted at the  northeast corner of Lot 486; thence east  80 chains; thence south 80 chains; thence  west 80 chains; thence north 80 chains  to point of commencement, containing  640 acres more or less.' t  WILLIAM MOORtt.  William  Henry  Wooley,  Agent.  Dated June 8th, 1914.  HAVXCM-3U VATSM PBOTSCTXOST  ACT.  MACDONALD MARPOLE COMPANY,  LIMITED, hereby give notice that they  have under the said Act deposited with  the Minister of Public Works, and in  the office of the District Registrar of  Land  Titles at Vancouver, B.  C,  Hon. Mr. Ross, Minister of Lands,  made a close study of the needs of  the Northern country, and as a result  of the closest acquaints^ncc by himself  and Hon./ Mr. Bowser with the men  of the north and their conditions, he  was more than ever convinced that  the basic factors of land settlement,  and development are railroads, surveys in advance of settlement, and  the construction of roads, bridges and  other necessary public works.      .   '.  Much has been accomplished. The  trip was a revelation in this respect.  It is but half a dozen years ago since  this territory developing so rapidly  today, with a chain of cities, each of  which is growing fast reaching across  the Province, was the wandering  ground of the trapper and prospector.  The construction of railroads, making  of roads, building of bridges and' extensive surveys have resulted in the  opening up of this rich area and in  pushing back the frontier.  ,.- "It may be affirmed with reasonable accurracy that the completion of  the Grand Trunk ^Pacific renders  available for agricultural and general  development as large an area of land  in' this Province as that already  available prior to the building of that  line; and that when the. Pacific Great  Eastern and Canadian Northern Pacific railways have; been completed,  the entire area of new land opened  up will be very mtfch greater. To put  it another way���������as a result of railway  construction there will very shortly  be opened to setlement an area twice  jas large as had heretofore been avail-  lab le."  McBride was the first point at  which' a meeting was held. It was at  this point, that 40,000 acres of land was  CHOICE NEW HAY fOR SALE I  ���������AT��������� "  F. T. VERNON'S FEED STORE  Pbane Fairmont 186 Hay, Grain and Feed    ���������        255 Broadway East  We specialize in POULTRY SUPPLIES and are able to meet all   < w  your requirements for successful' Poultry raising.   We have just re-   .  ceived a full line of PRATT'S 'REMEDIES,  including Roup,  Cholera   ,  and Gape Cure.   Pratt's Poultry Regulator will keep your fowls healthy  and increase your egg Bupply.   Price 25c, 50c, $1.00 and $1.25  ***'   ������"   *���������������'*���������-*  -*  ' ���������'������  *���������    _"'������������������-  *  ���������*  * ������*>*������������������*������*���������*���������*   ������������.l fr.  *,*,  ������.!������ .!  *M?*******^************<W***<^  FRANK TRIMBLE REALTY CO.  I Real Estate and Insurance Brokers  ' CONVEYANCING  kENTS COLLECTED  LOANS NEGOTIATED  PHONE Fair. 185 260 Kingsway  Vancouver, B. C.  4*4^S*^wSHiwWNI'*l'4'4^Jwti,i>^4^>4>4^*^Mfr4^wi' ** *'X' * * * ** ** *. * * '*"t' * *  to their wharf on the" fore-shore at  False Creel?, Vancouver, adjoining Lots  20-25 inclusive, Block 23, D. L. 196, ln  the Vancouver Land Registry District  AND TAKE NOTICE that after the  expiration of one month from the first  publication of this notice, the said Macdonald Marpole Company, Limited, will  apply to the Minister of Public Works  for the approval of the said plan, and  for leave to construct the said extension.  DATED AT VANCOUVER, B. C, this  29th day of July, A.D. 1914.       -,���������._  .,  MACDONALD MARPOLE  COMPANY, LIMITED.  Soatb Vancouver Undertake���������  Hamilton Pros.  We are foremost in our line for  Moderate Pbicto Funerals  W7| Friiar Stmt     -    f Mil frwir 19  and-description of a probosed extensiSS ������P,ened to Pre-emption a few weeks  "    "     -   " *"*"     " before, not over a quarter of the area  being:. taken up. Two days were  spent at the Georges, Fort, South  Fort and' Prince, and meetings were  also held at Fort Fraser, Endako,  Smithers and Prince Rupert.  Settlement and development is  proceeding apace throughout the valleys and interior plateaux reached by  this new railroad. The provision of  transportation facilities has resulted  in activity in many lines,-particularly  in mining and lumbering as well as  Agriculturally. The forest resources  of.this territory tributary to the G. T^  P. Railway have been generally underestimated. There are large areas  df timber which will compare, favorably with the best stands-in the lumber regions of Eastern Canada.  3  The presence of the. timber is assisting development. Lumber manufactures, attracted by the quality of  the lumber for building purposes and  the short haul to the prairie, are  building mills���������there is one being constructed at Willow City with a capacity of 100,000 feet daily. The mills'  are an agency in settlement, the lum-  bermen.clearingland,"employing settlers and teams in wjnter, aiding in  establishment of towns and in .other  ways. ���������.  . : - -V '-\  Only a comparatively small proportion of the merchantable timber in  the northern interior has been dis-  posedj of under license.. The remainder still belongs to the public,  and constitutes a 'great source of revenue. '.' The public tinaber is held in reserve, and protected from fire until  'required in development of the.country. Timber near railways or standing on land suitable for agriculture is  now open for purchase by.public auction.  IJecently 1918 acres near Eagle Lake  was sold, the estimated revenue from  the same being about $50,000, about  $25 an acre. This is an ��������� indication  of the receipts that may be expected  if the timber is protected from fire.  The revenue can be used for the construction of roads and public works  and extension of educational facilities required in aid of settlement. It  is a condition, of the sale of timber  that it be removed within three years  in order that the land may be released .for agricultural settlement.  v PA[>  i>G,oON  MU������ THEM All!  Sold by all Druggists  and Grocers all oyer  Canada.  The L^  MIDSUMMER   CLEARANCE   SALE  Wallpapers, Painty Varnish, Oils,  Brushes, &c, All Greatly Reduced  Best quality Paint, $3.00 for $2.50 Gallon  Furniture Varnish,  2.25 ���������    1.65     ���������  Rooms Papered  from  $4.00  up.  561 BROADWAY WEST     Phone Fairmont 1520  Pffflti flO* Terminal City Press. Ltd  1    Illlllll������^   203-207 Kingsway ' Phone Palrnoot llj  lt..|.lJM^4}.4^l||l|M||l}l,{ll{,.;.,},4|4.}.,{4.{..|..|..|,^..{.lj..}..{..}..}^{.^..j^j.,^M{���������|,,|.,|,,|,,^  SNAP!  i  50x100, comer 29th Ave. and  St. Catharines Street, modern  7-room house.  YOUR OWN PRICE FOR CASH  WW WESTERN CAW  !,'l'4|'������ft.|'i|''^.}''MMl''fr'l''l,'l,M  ���������im>  % "SAFETY FIRST" :,:  Y  Has been the watchword of The  X*  t  Mutual from ths day it, was or- 5.  ganized in 1869 up to.������the present *  time. .'���������������������������_. f  Only those forms of investment. ^.  consistent with the absolute se- ���������  curity of policyholders have been *  adopted.  The result js an institution that  is among the most, stable in the  Canadian Financial World.  I  . Business in force over 187,000,000  Assets over: ..:���������."..:..-. 22,000,000  Surplus over........   3,800,000  ���������  1  f  The Mutual Life of Canada!  *  *  *  X It would be a business mistake  * fop YOU to place your application  j with any company without con-  f. suiting our Agents and familiar- %  * izing   yourself  with  the   model ."������&  T policies issued by                              ^  | CANADA'S ONLY MUTUAL      |  y Investigation costs nothing and saves        ���������  V regTets                                  'J  ������ Write, phone or call for rates, etc.   .j  t, Wm. J. Twiss, Distriet Mgr.     %  X 317-319 Rogers Bldg.   ������anconver. I. G. %  ' + <******* ....MmMi .���������...������������������������������������'.���������. 1 I l.l.I't*  The Water=MobiIe  The first 3-passenter WATElR-  MOBILE is rapidly nearinjr completion.  If you want to get in on this wonderful  invention at the present price of 50  cents per snare, you must act quickly  as only a few shares are to be had  before the advance.  THE WATER-MOBILE  UNDERWRITERS  103   Carter-Cotton   Building  Vancouver, British Columbia  m HOME  AT THE HOTEL  Ask for  The Health-Giving  Natural Mineral Water  Refuse Substitutes  TOE HIIISON'S BAY COHPM ������������������S  TRY AN AD IN THE WESTERN CALI &  Friday, August 7^ 1914  "Ci'A:'  THE WESTERN GALL  .s-  1 Paper  I mffi3mms^'������m!3!m$nx  Get It  Stanley's  atch Our Windows  for Bargains  i  rpen Saturday Evenings  [������'M'4'fl'M''l''H'iM''M',M'iM'lfr,fr,HMfr^^  ALBERTA OILS AND. THE CRISIS  ���������TANLEY & CO.  117 Main Street  Phone Pair. 998  .eeler's Nursery  Corner 15th & Main St.  Carries a full stock of  \owers  Potted and Cut  designs  FOR  Funerals;  Weddings  Social Functions  AND  Public Events  Phone Fairmont 817  OHARLE3 KEELER  It is perhaps worthy of note that  whilst every other stock exchange" on  earth has "been closed���������panic stricken  ���������the much maligned Calgary oil  boom and Oil exchange continues  the even tenor of its way unaffected  by wars and rumors of wars.  We print today some news notes  from the field showing the amount  and nature of development work now  in progress.  The bringing in of a new well in  the very near future seems a quite  reasonable probability, and will add  new zest to the efforts of those who  have undertaken the opening up of the  world's largest oil fields.  The Northwestern Pacific covenant with the McDougall-Segur Exploration Company for the sub-lease  of the northeasterly 40 acres of the  latter company's remaining half section compels them to have a rig on  the ground within 60 days. The Mc-  Dougall-Segur's share of the profits  is to be one-eighth.  The Monarch well is still going  down rapidly, being now in the neighborhood, of 2000 feet. The 1200 foot  prophecy is now an evident mistake,  but B. W. Dunn is quite satisfied with  the prospects. '  Following a visit of inspection to  the well site of the Big Four .company  in section 3, township 2, range 4,  west of the fifth meridian, Monday.  President Kager announces that a  contract was signed Tuesday with  the Calgary Diamond Drilling and  Oil company for the sinking of the  first well. Considerable work has  been dorte in 'repairing the roads, so  that the machinery can be hauled to  the site. This work has now been  practically finished, according to  President Kager and work, he said,  will probably begin on the derrick  within 15 days.  The under-reamer which was lost  some time ago int the well of the  United Oils company has been recovered and the driliers are going ahead  with the sinking of the hole. The  well has now been sunk over 2000  feet.  , O. G. Devenish, of the United Oils,  reports strong traces of black oil in  the Dakota sands at 1950 feet and  lower; but he is advised that oil in  considerable bulk is not likely to be  encountered until the Kootanie for  mation is reached, some three or four  hundred' Jeet below the present  depth*  The rig and rig irons of the Christy  company were dispatched to the well  site, near the Dome property, Tuesday, according to a statement made  by Managing Director Christy, who,  with John Brown, a well known mining expert from Spokane, visited the  site Monday. The machinery for the  Dome company, Mr. Christy stated,  was already on the ground, and erection would commence at once. Mr.  Brown, while not an oil expert, was  highly pleased with the general prospects.  The Western Pacific well is under  way again, and down about 600 feet.  J. L. McKinney was out on a visit of  inspection Wednesday and Thursday.  Reports from the' head offices of  the 'Alberta Petroleum company are to  the efect that a, hew record in drilling  has been made at the,well which is  being sunk by the Oko^oks and Alberta Petroleum companies. Drilling  operations at this> well, were only  commenced about three weeks ago,  but already it is reported that the hole  has been sunk..800 feet. This is a new  mark for the district.  The drilling materials for the Pioneer company have reached Calgary,  and are,now being shipped to Oko-  toks, according to a statement made  by Secretary A. F. Swanson. The  company has selected a site in section 36, township 19, range 1, west  of  the   fifth  meridian,  between   the in a few days.'  considered to sell enough surface  rights for a townsite. Kbmber two  well is down 1375 feet with better  indications than "number-one-well had  at this depth. This well should hit  the same oil at* 1462 that number one  hit at 1562.  The United Well has some decided  showings at I960 feet, and will probably -encounter the oil sands around  2200 faet. Directors Devenish and  Chapin seem confident'that this well  will produce..  At the Mowbray-Berkeley well  they are again driling, after many  troubles, and are down some 1800 feet.  Little is expected short of 2000 to  2300.  Indications at the Segur-McDou-  gall well are good, at .a depth of 2660.  Mr. Segur predicts oil at 3200 and the  chances seem good for desults at an  early date. *���������  The Southern Alberta people are  down over 1700 feet and seem to feel,  confident that their' well will be a producer.  The Alberta Petroleum, one of the  later wells to, start drilling, is making'  good headway.  The Western Pagific is, down over  600 feet and expect to hit the gas at  about 720. This, well is situated directly on the anticline. *  The Union Pacific is reported to be  down some 500 feet in a hard forma-  i  tion.  The hole of the Federal is again  clear, and they will start drilling with-  i.M..M"|.M"M't ********* *********** *** ********\\i*\****\*  Pease Pacific Foundry Limited  HEATING AND VENTlUTiNQ ENGINEERS  "Economy  MANUFACTURERS  - . >  99 8te������nH4������t������r_������iid V������tU������tor������ for Public BoIWiii������������  Want Air Furnace* -*���������o������__foatioB Foiumm  ������ I'/f pa I " Stews and Hot Water Boilm  Steam and H<* Water Boikt*. Register*  8team and Hot Water Boilon  Radiatdn, Pipe and Fittings  t   1116 Homer St.      Vancouver, B.c.     Tel. Sey. 3230 .j;  }f**************************^*.V*******������****************  JOS. H. BOWMAN!  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building;:  Seymour Street Vancouver, B.C. ���������'-.  te++********************������*******************$tf****������i,*  *i 'iiiiiii' iiti 11111 ii t������������t4t- it 11111 u v* ****** inn mi  South Shore Lumber Co. I  LIMITED  Dingman and tlft Federal wells.  The   Calgary   Petroleum , Products  company are now * planning on a refinery.    The two������ new 12,000 gallon  tanks have arrived, and as soon as  they are set up tubing wilt be put in  number one well and then the capacity will be tested.   This company is  also contemplating an increase of capital, stock to $1,500,000, on the basis  of $$ to one.   That is if the old_stock  is worth $80 per chare the shareholder would get $640 in new stock.   There  are 15,000 shares and at 8 to 1 on a  basis of $80 per chare it would mean  that the present stockholders get $1,-  200,000, and that $300,000 would be  left to  sell for    development    purposes.    A  proposition  will  also be  Lumber Manufacturers ii  The Summedand company holds  320 acres in section 25, township 17,  and range 18.' E. A. Heagle, of Winnipeg, heads this company, which has  a capitalization of $1,000,000.    v  Following the report of the company's geologist, J. H. Sinclair, the  Hercules  Oil  company has  decided  to drill on the northjialf of section  24, township 17, range 4, west of the  fifth meridian, instead of on the holding, in section 10, township 23, range   ,  5,  adjacent  to  the  British   Alberta, j] |  President W. M. Campbell, K.C., of j;;  McLeod, is expected to arrive in the  oity within a day or two, according to  Manager Clarry, when a contract will  be  awarded for the drilling 'of the  well.  1 Front St., Foot of Ontario St.  PHONE Fairmont 154        VANCOUVER, B* C. \\  ************tl********V***+++*.  H******  ������}..t..H������l"t'<"t"t"t"t"l"t"l'<"l"t'4'<"l"l"l"I"K"t'  'Xr***********************^  ' DOMINION WOOD YARD CO.  Cor. Front and Ontario Sts.      Phone Fairmont 1554  All Kind? of Mill/Wood .  Stored XJruJer Cover  ������H''HMfr<"H'4'4'4'4'fr4>fl'H'4H'4'4"M^^  \\\\ \\\\\ t Hill ���������������������!<< Mil I M M I 11 1 1 11 I t I I Tt I 1 11 II 1 II t TTl T Tl T T I T T H"f n"'"'r,' I************************** titiilMiiimtiiiiiMtiiaiftiitl till %*****************  /     '  ^    13500  Horse  Power  Turbine  13500  Horse ���������  power  Turbine  i  the Spirit of the Time Demands      '  Sv SAFE,   EGONOMTOa^  R)WER  Stave Lake Power is Dependable and Economical  By harnessing the Great Stave River we have made it possible to generate 100,000 horse power of electrical energy, .at our Stave Falls Plant,  the Bijrgest Electrical Feat in Western Canada.  100,000 HORSE POWER '  Or halCas'much again as the combined connected load in steam������������������and electricity in Vancouver today, a fact of great significance to local industries  4 1*  Offices: 603-610 Carter-Cotton Bldg.  Phone: Seymour 47/0      ��������� K  R. P. HAYWAED, General Manager  WESTERN CANADA POWER CO., LW.  P.O. Drawer 1415  Vancouver, B.C.  JOHN   MONTGOMERY, Contract Agent  1  4m...{.���������������"! i..i..l-.:.^.i.<i..������_anl;'t"M'4liIl'!"I"I'4"!'4������'M"f'* l"M;,i"l' l"g-������n"*s-^���������<  ... - ������-. ������ --i*-. -������������������--���������--.������ _���������___-'  .;-.,.i..|..t,,."������.f."M *i*l **���������**+* ******** I lH'I'.Mt lit I 111  '-Mill 1*4 .���������'.���������������������������. ������������������.���������������.���������!. I'll fw** THE WESTERN GALL.  Friday. August 7,1914  THE BARAMBA MINING CO, Ltd.  CAPITAL, $500,000 (NON-PERSONAL LIABILITY)  HAS SIX CLAIMS ON HOTHAM SOUND  SEVENTY-FIVE MILES NORTHWEST OF VANCOUVER.  Ore* \% Cut and on Dump        - ,  ,    ' ^      ' Tunnel with Crew  The character of tore is magnetite and copper pyrites, affording a splendid Eux and insuring minimuin smelter charjje.  .    The confidence of Vendors is proven by their willingness to accept payment for property but of shares and returns from mine.   Not  one cent of cash.   There is no Promotion Stock. , >     ?;.  A Cleaner or More Assured; Mining Proposition has never been submitted to the Public.  /;-  afewfXcts. ;       ���������-;';   ?*  1.    Ehough work done to secure Crown grant. 8.   Average assays $12.92.  -,   2.    Sole water righU on creek.   Abundant power.      9.   C^eisself-fluxingi x '-'   '  5, Ore-body crow cut on 200-foot level . **���������   S%**m*tt*\U W^weeWy at Company's flioatihg dock,  6, Elevation of tunnel 1000 feet. 12;   A 2000-fobt chute will convey ore from mine Jo scow.  7, 1500 tons ore in sight and on dump. 131   Arrangement* have been complete^  M*   Bona-ftde mvestort can confirm tbete sta^  (   Only a limited amount of stopk for sale.    \        v. ' ���������    e   *  i  of Hiqh finwfc Ore toHen  Gold, Ox. per ton >     Value Silver, Oav'jwrton       Value  640        1122.00 8.5 $5.01  "TWA Clumce" KM  Copper 516* Value - /    Total per ton  13.75        $4400     ���������fW.OQ  ������������������������ - *���������  Tbe above ft a picked sample and in "no way flfures in profit calculation* but goes to ahew what valnetjn gold, silver  '��������� -and copper are to be-met with in the ore body.   Amy made by J.'O'Sullivan., F.C.8.  The Profits as������ured������ for the tmaH  desirable nature of the ore, ihe easy  human ever can be.  amount of capital required* %eem fabulous, but the enormous amount of ore easily obtainable, the  access tu mine and the favorable shipping facilities make this proposition as certain as anything  Baramlia Mining Company, limtled  (Non-Personal Liability)  authorized capital, 1600,000  president:  josiah maycock  Capitalist, Lynn Vallay, B. C.  VICE-PRESIDENT  FRANK UNDERWOOD  Merchant, North Vancouver, B. C.  MANAGING DIRECTOR  JOHN CARMICHAEL  Mining Bspert, Lynn Valley,, B. C.  ��������� BOARD OF DIRECTORS  EDWARD MATCOCK  Capitalist, Vancouver, B. C.  FRANK UNDERWOOD  - Merchant; North Vanoonver, B. C.  JOSIAH MATCOCK  Capitalist, Lynn Valley, B. C  JAMES PEARSON  Agent, Lynn Valley, B. C.  JOHN CARMICHAEL -  SECRETARY-TREASURER  EDWARD MAYCOCK  SOLICITORS  MESSRS. BOWSER, REID & WALLBRIDGE  Canada Life Building/ Vancouver  "    AUDITORS  ;-.-��������������������������� BUTTAll & CHIENE  Chartered Accountants, Vancouver, B. C.  BANKERS s  BANK OF BRITISH NORTH AMERICA  KPPUCATIQN FOR SHARES  Baramba Mining Company, Mmite<|  NON-PERSONAL LIABILITY  HEAD OFFICE, LYNN VALLEY, 0. C.  Authorised Capital, |600.000, divided into 610,000 shares ot One Dollar Each.  Offer of 25,000 shares ef the Capital Stock.  form of Application  TO THE DIRECTOR8 OF THE SARAMBA MINING COMPANY, LIMITED: /  I eacloae herewith...  ��������� ��������� ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������_��������������������������������������������� ��������� ������������������������#��������������������������� #��������������������������������������������������� ���������  being payment in full for...........................w..fully paid up and nob assessable shares of One Dollar each ef the capital stock of the above  Company, and Thereby request you to allot me that number of shares, and I agree te accept such shares, er any less number tbat may  be allotted to me, and I authorize you to place my name upon tbe feglster of members in respect to the shares so allotted to me.  (WITNESS)  Dated..  /  SigD'fttur*) ,...���������....���������.....,  ..Address  ..���������..���������4������4i.������.y' iVX,.,,^..  Occupation  Cut this out, fill in and send today to Fiscal Agent, with Cheque.  ' SELLINQ AGENTS TQ^HQW APPLICATION SHOULD BE SENT  Thos. Duke  ....................v..;:............^ ..........329 Gore Avenue, Vancouver  Macbeth & Brown .......:,....... ..................................578 Richard Street, Vancouver  The New Investment Co......    .......:.... r':.!.;..^:\...;........;....'.4..;.....-.'...:'.:_:���������..336 Pender St. West, Vancouver  Pound & Thini.......... :.:.,. *.v..,;v.::.:u.v:v:.:.v.:......  ........ .4173 Hain Street, South Vancouver  Frank* Underwood......        .,.;.>..''...;.. 6 Lonsdale Avenue, North Vancouver  W. G. Breedlove.......... .... ..<.............,;,,;...., .v;.^;.v.     .... 20 Hutchison Street, Montreal, Quebec  T. Tirtisonw....;'.........,:....  .;......,���������,.......................:... 3 fluseum Square, Leicester, England  All^ Payments to be Made by Cheque in favor of the Baramba Mining: Company, Limited  DO  NOT NEGLECT THIS  OPPORTUNITY


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