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The Western Call 1914-06-12

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 I   ,'  f1!,  \  " v "    '   V'  =   '    ���������   "  "-    till    \j4   ,  * *��������� - <<, ������ <  CSS,;  ^, -<���������     ;   ^\  ^   *f   3.  the Western dilT      ?<!V\  '*      , TodyjrX., .*> %v ^  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver and the Western People  VOLUME VI.  VANCOUVER, British Columbia, JUNE 12. 1914  5 Cents Per Copy,  No. 5,  i     \������    ���������>v  :���������'-/ !  Gpv^rnor=General Prorogues Parliament Todav  ..A%    ,        ������ '       5-  l>-"-  ,('   I  Pv  v*/  ^  OILY AL^RTA-The Ethics of the Oil Boom-A Strong Plea for Falrplay for development of New Field  ?,  X  Home First! Insistent Demand that Bridge Contract Be Let At Home  i      F  OILY ALBERTA  THE ETHICS OF THE OIL BOOM  Human nature is a very curious proposition  and civilization is brought about mainly by the  | restraints put upon it by wise legislation.  Unwise legislation and illegal    or ill-consid-  i ered restraints put upon it cause conditions such  ' as we have seen in Russia in dayspast. and now in  Mexico/  In our CeltoSaxon world we have long been  accustomed to the greatest measures of liberty,  ; and we all believe, theoretically at least, that the  'more freedom we have the better and the happier  'we will be.   The Britisher the world over is an  ��������� extreme individualist, and prides himself on the  fact that he is able to take care of himself without  interference of Government.  The idea of government interference with the~  1 selling of stock���������the closing of tbe mails to pro--  looters of oil companies���������is not only un-British;.  i it is anti-British in the very strongest sense of the  word. v -  If the wild-catter transgresses the law���������let him  suffer as other swindlers and criminals do���������but  to brand the promoters r of" oil companies as  swindlers simply because people have got the oil  . craze and are prouring out their money by the  millions for the exploitation of an exceedingly interesting and promising developmental^ only  senseless���������it is a criminal abuse of authoritative  (utterance.  , , A  Men and women take all kinds of   crazes.  ���������There is the Tango craze, from which we are, all  ['suffering.' The e&batfet craze that haa turned our  best hotels into cafes chantants.,  Then .there is  ���������)the fashion craze that ruins thousands of honest,  hardworking husbands to deck   a-female   fool  >with feathers and furs.    And the drink craze.  \ Talk about millions poured out 1  The U. S. pours  out 2,000 million dollars every year for dnuk��������� /  i and gives each booze promoter in the Republic a  1 certificate of good character ito enable him to  further the drink boom.  And the tobacco craze. 800 million dollars a  ^year goes up ip smoke, and does not even leave a  \ faded certificate in the hands of the investor as  [evidence of his money gone.  But the boosting of all these erases is consid-  ; ered good, honest, legitimate business. .  i      Now, along comes a craze that diverts the  I stream of money for a while .and men and women  press their money upon those who are offering to  drill into the ground to find oil and develop the  natural Resources of "bur country, and immedi-  [; ately the Pharisees cry scat!  If never a hole was drilled���������if no more than a  barrel of oil wasfound���������if every dollar of the 250  millions was subscribed and paid and ten times  more on top of it, would the people be any the  worse off,or as badly off as those that spend annually 3,000 millions for drink and baccy. We  think not.  So let the oil boomers alone. They are doing  a good and much needed work. If there are  swindlers and criminals amongst them hunt them  | down/as in other branches of business, but we  would much rather see the people spend their  money in an effort to develop our country than in  a hundred other ways that are never questioned  - in ottr present day social and business life.  Sure it is that not one in every ten companies  fthat are floated will ever amount to anything.  I But it is also sure that .not ont in ten business men  (who start in business succeeds.  Oil stocks are unquestionably a pure gamble  [with the odds against the purchaser���������far greater  khan at roulette���������but the man who puts his money  into an oil company has, at least, the possibility of  [helping on a healthy -development���������whilst the  [man who gambles at roulette or the stock ex-  [change has no such possibility before him.  People are mortgaging their homes, selling  Itheir farms, borrowing from the Jews, to buy oil  1 stocks, they^ .say. Well they did the same by  ^thousands to; go to the World's fair at Chicago.  They do the same now to buy autos, dresses,  ^ bonnets, drinks, and smokes.   The Western Call is  [interested in no oil flotation, but it desires to see  [fair play given to a class of men who have undertaken the extremely difficult task of opening  | up a new oil field, which all experts agree has the  ] most tremendous possibilities before it.    Hands  off, gentlemen, and let the good work go on.  ^There will be difficulties enough without your  Interference.  v V The writer'was ���������present- at Cannon street meeting when Oom Paul presented the Rand situation to the London brokers in the early 80 'a.  "We have the land, and we know the gold is  there, but we have neither the knowledge nor  the money to go after it.' Come over and help  us;" Thus spoke Kruger, and the Kaffir Circus  started. It took 1,000 millions out of Britain and  f people went crazy scad Barney Barnato jumped  into the sea and bankers defaulted and people did  just as they are always doing���������aU kinds of fool-  19  IN   THE   SUPREME   COURT  OF  BRITISH. COl-tJMBI A'  =F  *>'���������������>  EDWARD GOLD  3 "    '  m?;  THE WESTERN CALL ET AL  GENBBAI.  "m  Urtt of &ttt������ tttmui  1 ~    M  ^=  Tntis Wbit was i-toied by  ^   *���������     rf*  Israel I. Rut>lnowitB  whose addieu for service i������ R60ED 320-321  Rogers Bldg, 9 470 Granville St,  Vancouver, B# <?#  Solicitor    for the B������id plaintiff     who rertde     at  ISRAEL 1. RUBIN0WITZ,  A  Thomaon Stotioai-T Co.. Ltd, Printer* and Stttioners  V������ncoav������r. B> C  Writ for \M Issued Against Western Call el allro by Edward Cold  4> III        ��������� ��������� 1^,  This issue is now in the hands of the Court and custom precludes further comment. Every  statement made in the Western Call has been made in good .faith i.nd in the interests of public  good. The action will therefore he defended and, by the advice of counsel, Mr. Royal L,  .Maitlandrtbe case will be fought out on its merits,- involving, as it does,theiiberty of the  Press in Rritish Columbia to stand out boldly for the public weal when occasion demands.  DESPATCHES  Washington, June llth.���������Repeal of Panama Tolls Exemption for American Coastwise Shipping,  passed the Senate tonight, by a vote of 50 to 35.   This is another notable victory for President Wilson.  'Paris, June llth.���������Ex-Premier Clemenceau expresses the opinion that the present political crisis in  France, is the gravest since the Revolution. If the Socialists, who have a theoretical majority of one  defeat Premier Ribot, the financial situation, already threatening, will become serious. The continuation  of the Triple Entente is invplved for Russia will have nothing to do with a Socialist Ministry.  ��������� ��������� ��������� ��������� - ���������       ������������������.'���������' ���������'.'- "    ' *������   '"��������� .>���������������������������'..'        . ���������-.-.���������  Ottawa/June 12th.���������Hf.R.H. The Governor General prorogued Parliament at 3 o'clock today,  ���������winding up the Session's proceedings with the usual formalities. ^  ^ From Our Own Correspondent.  Calgary, June 11.  Western Gall, Vancouver, B. 0.: ������  Great confidence in the situation here. Owing to the fact of no other strike being announced since the Dingman strike, wild catting, which was getting altogether beyond bounds,  has received a set back, which is not to be deplored. However, quite a lot of serious developments are being undertaken about which little is said. It is being conducted under the highest  geological, advice obtainable,-and there .seems every reason to anticipate a successful issue in the  not distant future. Announcement of another strike would have an, electrical effect. Great confidence being felt in Edmonton as to the outcome of the Morinville situation. As Cunningham  Craig said in his speech here, the change in title from Sunny Alberta to Oily Alberta looks as if  it would be justified.  -   -y; ;���������   -.   ������������������-,--'      : ."' "     ��������� ���������'������������������������������������  .ish'things, but who) will say today that the Rand  has not justified, in a business way, that expenditure of capital.  We believe that Alberta has a greater future  in oil than the Rand had in gold.     , "  The situation in Alberta has been known for  over 50 years. Twenty years ago the Canadian  Government spent some money in trying to develop oil at Pelican Rapids.. They quit after obtaining the most amazing flow of gas the world  has ever known. For 16 years they let that gas  burn, the flames shooting 100 feet in the air, and  the roar of it being heard for miles. It was a.national crime for which some one should have been  impeached.  Hitherto it has been well nigh impossible to  get money to develop this new oil field. Deputy  minister of mines says: "No one should invest  in oil prospecting money that he cannot afford to  lose, and before investing he should assure himself  that the company has capital enough to put down  several wells with due allowance for possible difficulties met with in drilling."   Good advice, but  where is this capital ever going to come from if  you kill this oil boom. Human nature/is,. as we  have already said, a curious proposit ion, some of  it may do well under paternalism, but undoubtedly British human nature thrives best under liberty. Without perpetrating a pun, we say: "Let  wellenough alone." ,  SPANISH RANK APPEAL CASE.  The case of Attorney-General df Canada vs.  Ritchie Contracting Co., over the ownership of  the Spanish Banks, is now being argued before  the Court of Appeal at Victoria. The case has  developed into a .fight between the Provincial and  Dominion Governments as to whether English Bay  is a public harbor or not, the judgment of the  trial judge, Mr. Justice Macdonald, being in favor  of the Provincial Government's contention.  Robert R. Maitland is 'appearing on behalf of  tbe Dominion Government, appelants, and Mr. ���������__.  G. McPhillips, K.C., for the Provincial Government, while S. S. Taylor represents the original  plaintiffs, the Silica Sand Co.  HONE FIRST  SECOND NARROWS BRIDOE  The people of Vancouver and the adjoining  municipalities are still anxiously waiting the long ,  deferred award of the contract for budding the;  Second Narrows bridge.  Thai this projeot has already dragged a nam-  berof years is well known,'but all credit is due to <  those 'wh* initiated the scheme, disposed of the  many difficulties that .are, always to be found in "  the way of ..any large undertaking' and put tbir  project in such .shape that the present directorate are*able to now make a defunite Start.  These obstacles having been overcoine,* the  way is apparently dear and there can be no good  reason for further delay. ,  , The directors bave before them -three proposals; all providing practically the same facilities as the original plans and all baaed upon Dominion'Government .specifications, coverage the  construction of bridges. ".'',  Of these three tenders, two are fi^m Jhu*em  concern*, and the third is that of C. A. JTu_ner,  associated with J. Coughlan ft Sons and the Canadian Northwest Steel Company, two large loss!  fabricating firms.   This, latter tender   is   some  $3(X),0()0"ioWer tton fiose of Hie Eastern com-,  petitors, ana prbVmes tor completing the. structure some ten months sooner than the JBastem  bidders.  In addition, it means that every hit of  steel in this entire bridge will be fabricated in  our locad factories. These factories are'today prac:  ticaUy closed down* owing to' the present slackness   of   trade,   and   the   securing   of   this  contract   would   keep   both   concerns   busy  for the next year and a half and enable them to,  Srovide employment for several hundred men  uring this period. The local factories are fully  equipped to successfully complete this work, and  the necessary skilled artisans are available. The  Bridge Company has been given unimpeachable  references as to the, financial ability of these  firms to carry the contract through, and have  been offered bonds in any reasonable amount  that might be required-  These aire the facts as they stand today, and it  would seem that the problem before the directorate was not dificult of solution.   The natural  ' action would be to give the local people thiB  work for these idle factories and the hundreds  of men they have been obliged to discharge, and  get this connecting link between two important  - communities under way. --     ~ ���������         This course has been strongly advocated by the  public and semi-public and associations of Van-,  couver, and the adjoining ^municipalities. The  British Columbia Manufacturers' Association has  bent its energies in this direction; the. Press has  strongly echoed the public sentiment to the same  end; Mayor Baxter has both publicly and privately expressed himself in the strongest manner  along these lines, and the Vancouver City council  has endorsed the Mayor's attitude. This bridge  is being built for the people of British Columbia  with the public funds, and the directors are on  the board by reason of their public office, to carry  out the will of their constituents and to conserve  v these public funds, and further the good of the  whole community they represent to the best of  their ability. '  The foregoing facts are irrefutable; yet there  is a certain> clique working strongly to prevent  the awarding of this contract to the local firms-  and lowest bidders. This clique is diligently  casting unjust reflections upon, and questioning  the ability and stability of our own manufacturers. Untrue and misleading statements have been  made and the most contemptible tactics used to  further their incomprehensible desire to have this  work done elsewhere than at home.  It is strange that a director whose mind is so  strongly impregnated withi doubts as to the abilities of our own local manufacturers cannot find  time to inspect these local plants (although invited to do so) and thus satisfy himself as to their :  capacity. Yet this same gentleman can find opportunity to hob-nob with a representative of an  Eastern bidder.       ; f_  There is no ddubt but that a proper measure  of support will be extended to the interests of  British Columbia by the Hon. Mr. Carter-Cotton;  also by the Vancouver representatives and by  Reeves May and Lawson. The attitude of North  Vancouver representatives has been one of much  speculation, and the peculiar indications in connection with, a resolution recently passed by the  North Vancouver council shows anything but a  spirit of intention on their part to foster Home  Industry and support. the. home institutions in  this particular matter. "Mayor Irwin, was.present  at the council meeting at which this resolution  was passed, and there is no record of his having  spoken against it. The inference might well be  (Continued on page 4)  it  !\   j/J   i 1 I,  . T       1,  VBM  WESTERN CALL.  Friday June 12,1914  ' !  Law=Druggist  Wants to See You  _____________ y  The Reason Why  It is better for you to use  our preparations.  First and foremost, we  know what, each preparation  contains. The formula is  worked out after years of  experience and repeated  trials until we have as near  a perfect article as it is possible to obtain. This is what  we do not know about the ordinary Patent medicine. We  do not know what it contains  any more than you do and so  neither one of us knows that  it is the preparation which  you need. You might easily  take the wrong thing and do  you no good.  Then again we make our own  prep's in the store and exercise  far more care than average patent medicine receives, which is  made in large factories, in large  quantities and made only to sell.  Our own preparations are  made to build up a name. We  stand back of them and will be  glad to refund you the price of  anything you buy if it is not satisfactory.  Headache Powders and Tablets  Dyspepsia Cure  v   Blood Purifier   ;  White Liniment  , Syrup Hypophosphites  Syrup White Pine and Tar .  Beef, Iron and Wine  Witch Hazel Cream  Cold Cream  Cough Balsam  i  law the Druggist  Us Building, '    Broadway and Main  Pbone Farimont 790  Plume Fairmont 1852  (A Trust Company)  Thrift and  Providence  Me primary qualities necessary to all  who are to make the moft out of life  and its opportunities.  Every normal man has the ambition  some time to own the roof over his  head. It is the right way to live; and  to accomplish this he must depend  largely upon himself, calling on energy,  self reliance and determination.  Therefore,  Start a Savings Account and  Force Yourself to Save  KCRBEMBffS   *-*-*  BOUGHT ano  COtUCTED.  Short  t-0*I\3__  M*d<  MONWr  CMEQVf  , Dow,Fr&^er   c. C,> I:1  -  51/    :S_M CvnUt:   Street  FRY DEPOSIT  Closed at 1:00 O'clock on Saturdays  Specially insured against burglary  and hold-ups.  NOTARY PUBLIC  Dow, Fraser & Co.  LIMITED  317-321 Cambie Street  2313 Main Street  Between 7th and 8th Aves.  McKay Station, Burnaby  VANCOUVER���������British Empire  Port of Pacific  Her Supremacy is Unchallenged  By W. A. BLAIR, See. Vancouver Board of Trade  ���������'VANCOUVER is the Terminal City of the  Itl  Canadian Pacific Railway Company in the  -IP*   West, and the "Gateway to the Orient."  It was incorporated in May,-1886.  It contains a population of 135,000 souls, being exceeded in size in Canada hy but Montreal,  Toronto and Wininpeg.  In 1885 it was but a hamlet of a few hundred  people, and received the first impetus to its  growth by the announcement of'the removal of  the Pacific terminus of the Canadian Pacific Rail-,  way from Port Moody to that point  In June, 1886, the city was completely wiped  out by fire.    Since then its growth has been  tains, snowcapped hills, waterfalls, narrow gorges  and beautiful streams, no city in the world is so  rich in treasure at its very door.  Where on this Continent can be found a park'  with such natural quiet beauty as that of Stanley  Park?  Where is there scenery to* compare with the  Capilano, the North Arm, Indian River, Howe's  Sound?  . The city abounds with recreation facilities.  Stanley Park, famous throughout the world, provides 1,000 acres of the original forest, through  which wind roads, lanes and paths, so that in an  A Corner of Vancouver's Busy Harbour  phenomenal. In 28 years it has grown from that  of a village situated amongst large fir stumps,  to that of a great-commercial and shipping port,  with many streets of magnificent buildings and  miles of paved highways.  Vancouver's situation on the British Pacific is  not generally appreciated. Its geographical  position makes it the entrepot for tbe commerce  of the great provinces of British Columbia and  Alberta.  It occupies on the Pacific coast a unique position.   ���������  There is more natural wealth tributary to it'  than that of the combined cities of Jjos Angeles,  San Francisco, Oakland, Portland, Tacoma and  Seattle.   ' v  No one understands this more clearly than  the.great railway magnates of the Continent as  demonstrated in the roads represented by Shaugh-  nessy, Chamberlain, Mackenzie & Mann, HU1 and  Rockefeller.  J3very road represented hy the above far-seeing and astute nation builders, is heading for  Vancouver as fast as money can carry it, while  the C. P. R., the first trantcontinental system to  reach the pacific is spending about $100,000,000.  in improving that great highway.  ,.    In three years' time Vancouver, will-be the-  greatest railway centre on tbe Pacific coast.  "All roads lead to Borne," was the very terse  but expressive phrase which described the supremacy of tbe capital of the Boman Empire.  The supremacy of Vancouver in the new  Western World can be tested by the same  standard.  All railroads of Western America, at least,  must come here, and they are making their plans  accordingly. .  There will be at least 30,000 miles of railroad  tributary to Vancouyer when railway plans now  in hand will be matured.  The dominating;position of Vancouver, situated as she is on the great world routes of ocean  travel, will be. made emphatically predominant  when that construction is accomplished. Every  line built, building, or to be later constructed,  must practically converge at this point. Even  if riot building directly into Vancouver, every line  on either side of the boundary will add its quota  in upbuilding the great Port of Pacific Canada.  Apart from her prominence as a building and  shipping centre, Vancouver Js destined to be the  Mecca where hundreds of thousands of tourists  will annually gather. This side of Vancouver's  greatness has never been faithfully and systematically put before the leisured public of America  and Europe. -  It is true Vancouver has no ancient castles or  ruins to inspect, no renowned art galleries for the  esthetic, nor historic battlefields to linger over,  , but -forNature's most beautiful pictures in moun-  instant one. can lose himself from the bustle of  the cijy in the quiet of Nature.  - Many other parks have been provided in different parts of the city, and these, together with  well equipped bathing beaches at JSnglish Bay and  Kitsilano, are administered by an elected Park  Board in the interests of all the people.  The^qutft waters of Burrard Inlet, Howe  Sound and the North Arm, are a haven for boats,  canoes and all smill craft, while the adjacent  coast waters, protected by islands, invite with  safety long cruises by launches and sailing  yachts.  The amateur as well as the professional mountain climber finds sport suited to his requirements  in the mountains that guard the City on the  North-  Hunting and fishing, unrivalled in most parts  of the world, are available in a few hours from its  centre.  In fact we bave every inducement and attraction for the tourist. Commodious hotels, good  theatres, extensive water trips, where scenery of  almost unparalleled beauty can be seen, beautiful parks, splendid bathing beaches, drives, and  walks, but a short distance from the centre of  tbe City.  - Besides, "Vancouver is- bright, clean and - attractive, with hundreds of miles of well paved  streets and sidewalks.  Our educational institutions give exceptional  advantages to the student. Our schools are free  and non-sectarian, and the child has the advantage  of a splendid primary training, while at the new  University, now established by the Government  of British Columbia; the higher culture of the  adult is assured.  The moral forces of the City are quite as progressive as its business spirit. Denominational  lines are not sharply drawiy although every important religious denomination is represented.  It is estimated that Switzerland receives.from  its tourist trade $30,000,000 per annum, and it is  known that Los Angeles, a city of 400,000 souls,  exists on its travelling public.  In contra-distinction to Los Angeles, Vancouver is pre-eminently a shipping); distributing  and manufacturing centre, but has many features  peculiarly more suited for a tourist trade0 than  that city.  In fact the scenic grandeur' that surrounds  Vancouver is not dulicated anywhere, at least,  on the Pacific coast-  Vancouver citizens should wake up to the  tremendous potentialities for good, latent in its  climate and scenery, and inaugurate a campaign  of education with respect to those factors which  would not fail to attract annually to bur city  many thousands of tourists, whose spendings  would materially increase our bank clearings and  add to the wealth of every citizen.  REBUKING A BLASPHEMER  ALTHOUGH A GREAT KING  Von Zealand, Frederick the Great's greatest  general, was a Christian and the king was a  scoffer. One day the king was making his coarse  jokes about the Saviour and the whole place was  ringing with guffaws of laughter. It was too  much for Von Zealand, the general that had won  numerous and great battles for Prussia and had  really put the crown on the king's brow.  With German militariness he stood up and  said, amid the hush of flatterers shaking his gray  head solemnly: "Sire, you know I have not  feared death, you know I have fought for you in  thirty-eight battles, and thirty-eight battles I  have won. Sire, my hairs are gray; I am an old  ���������man; I shall eooon have to go into the presence  of a greater than thou, the mighty God who  ���������; saved me from my sin, the Lord Jesus Christ,  whom you are blaspheming against. Sire, I cannot stand to hear my Saviour spoken against, I  salute thee, Sire, as an old man who loves the  Saviour, on the edge of eternity."  Frederick the Great, with a trembling vofce  said: "General Von Zealand, I beg your pardon; I beg your pardon." The company dispersed in silence, and the king reflected as never  before on that Greater One, whom his general  reverenced, even, above himself.  Phone Seymour 943  Davies & Sanders  General Contractors  ;:  55-66 DAVIS CHAMBERS  615 HASTINGS ST. W.  b: c. equipment co.  MACHINERY  DEALERS  CONCRETE  MIXERS. STEEL  CARS, ROCK CRUSHERS, ELECTRIC,  STEAM AND GASOLINE HOISTS.      WHEELBARROWS, TRANSMISSION  MACHINERY,   GASOLINE  ENGINES,  PUMPS  AND ROAD MACHINERY.  Offices: 609-613 Bank of Ottawa Bldg.  Phone Seymour 9040 (Exchange to all Departments)  SEALED  SECURITY  is essential to safe investment.  OOur Debentures guarantee a  a return of 5#���������are negotiable  DEBENTURES   -are secured by  $7,480,339  Assets.  4% on Savings Deposits. Subject to cheque  'withdrawal. Interest compounded quarter-  yearly.  The Great West Permanent Loan Company  Vancouver Branch: Rogers Bldg., Ground Floor  R. J. POTTS, Manager.  BUrTALO GROCERY  Commercial Drive and UtU Avenue  "The Home of quality"  Guaranf.. d M  Best Quality  Groceries  J. P, Sinclair, Prop.   , (NUB UfM] I  ____  _>AVfc  __    ������S*  _������ii!.������PIH(i YGUN itt.tjStNOl O  <_0(4)S  fcASniH .00 ������'ll IN OUIt (ONhlNAfflON CAKL    (ilVfc  US YOUlf  PA(hkN(. MOV INC* SIOHAGL AND SillPPINC.  wt rvNOw now  (Arti'utu  Storage Company  WrfBEnssr beatty st.  PHONE   SEYMOUR 7S6Q.  Tile Bank of  Capital Authorized $2,000,000  Capital Subscribed $1,174,700  Capital Paid U^     $ ������77,368       e  Branches throughout the Province of British  Columbia. v  A General Banking Business Transacted.  SAVINGS DEPARTMENT v  at all Branches. Deposits of One Dollar and upwards received and interest at the highest .current rate paid or  credited half yearly.  City Branches  Vancouver Branch: Corner Hastings and Cambie Streets  Pender Street Branch: Corner Pender and  Carrall   Streets  CHAS. G. PENNOCK, General Manager.  ������   I  J V*f ,s ">A.-  f?ra  -<}*..  :������.k  Friday, June 12, 1914  THE WESTERN GALL  3  For Sale and  For Rent  Cards  10c each 3 for 25c  WESTERN CALL OFFICE, 203 Kingsway  A DETECTIVE'S ADVICE  Before employing a Private Detective, if you don't  know your man. Ask your  legal adviser.  JOHNSTON, the Secret  Service Intelligence Bureau. Suite 103-4  319 Pender St., W.  Vancouver, B. C.  T.ry Our Printing  Quality Second  to None  4 ���������^������^4'<S>4^'S,<i^2^*S^I,<^^,^^^'^4^^><^I^,i*'I' 'S' '!��������� ���������!* 'I* ���������> -S^' ���������!' ���������!' 'I1 't' ���������!��������� ���������!' '1' 'I' ���������!��������� ��������� ���������!' ���������!��������� 't' 't1 '!��������� ���������!��������� 'I1 'I"t'.  ��������������� "        i  '.'.   A. E. Harron J. A. Harron '   G. M. Williamson i  i t .  i  HARRON BROS.  FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EMBALMERS  VANCOUVER  NORTH VANCOUVER  Office & Chapel���������1034 Granville St.      Office & Chapel���������122 Sixth St. W.  Phone Seymour 8486 Phone 184  |i.M"H-."M'i������M-M"M4."H^  RULES FOR PICKING, GRADING  AND SHIPPING STRAWBERRIES AND RASPBERRIES.  i|.4.|.,H������M'l'M"M'1'*1^^  jj Trader's Trust. Company, Ltd. t  J  328-333 Rogers Bldg. Vancouver, B. C.  GENERAL AGENTS:  Pacific States Fire Insurance Company  Franklin Fire Insurance Company  ::  A GENERAL TRUST BUSINESS TRANSACTED  ,M'M������i'iiii'M'i"H'i-M'M^^^  Subscribe to The Western Call  One Dollar a year in advance  'l"l"l"8"t"l"t";"t"K'������l"������"I"l"8"l"8-l"l"l"t"a--t"H' .H"M4'M"M'1'M"M'frH''M'li*'M''M'  i  The Housewife's Summer Slogan  "Cook With Gas"  No husband who cares for the comfort of hia wife and no housewife. \',  who would properly safeguard her health during the summer should ;;  neglect to consider the advantages ,of cooking with gas during the ������f  coming heated term.  The Cost Is Small���������Tlie Returns are U*rge  At ft* preiin. tint we ������re ������ble to five prompt service in tbe miktaf j;  J   of connection with out* otstss, femes wo ���������dvlie yon to ������������t promptly*  A phone call on New Business Pepartment, Seymour 6000, will plftce \',  ot your disposal full particulars concerning connection with our mains.    ;;  A vltit to our lolotroomi will tooWe yon to ito ��������� (nil lino of fssr> \ [  tutted G������������ AppMoncn, suited to every pnroe or porticnlor-dewond.  ���������������  4 ,  ������ ������  Carroll and  I:   ttoottove sts.  VANCOUVER QAS CO.  Phone M38 Qrenvlllo St.  Seymour ������ooo Ntor Oovle 8%.  4 ll|lltll|llt"t"t"t"l"t"t"t"l"I"t"t"l"I"t"i"t"I"l"t"t"l'     4J^M^4||4.^44|4||4|||4|i||m||i|||||||||||i||||i||h|������|J|4||||44|h{44|m I  ������������t������ttfrii������iilHllHl������+l*llH ii ti *  *M"M'iIl"������'������������l'������f������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  WE HAVE  ! FlrTYT  I  Immediately available for  Manufacturing and  Industrial Enterprises  in the districts of  VANCOUVER AND NEW WESTMINSTER  ! Western Canada Power Company,  l LIMITED ���������������������������,/������������������ \\  I fbwei Seymwr 4770      6O3-6IO Carter-Cotton Bldg. ;;  I P. O. BOX 1418, VANCOUVER, B. C.  <-*-! 11111 1 t11T t T 1* f ��������������� _-.-T"*-T"t ���������_������������������"��������������� 1 t 1 tit, t ilJ.,T..tMt..i..f..i,.fi,fi,f.,t���������i,ii,t.iii.i,������  **4<14 IV*.M*'**<M***********  4>4>4>**4"l**lX'<V*4************  * ARE YOU INTERESTED IN B. C. METHODISM?  THEN THE  Western Metbodist Recorder  V        (Published Monthly)  Is almost indespensible to you.  No other medium will give you such general and  such satisfactory information about Methodist  activity in this great growing province. Whether  a Methodist or not you are interested in Methodist  movement.   Send your subscription to  Manager Hetiiodlst-RecorrJer P. & P. Co., Ltd.   ���������  -  $1*00   -   One Year  Victoria, BX  ���������1  i*****4,*4>*****4!**4"l'4'**'X'*'*4 0<"t- ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!������������������!' * >1> 4* i * * ���������!' *"M' >"M ���������!��������� * * ���������!��������� * ������  Strawberries.  1. Make pickings as soon as the  color of the berries indicates the proper market maturity. For long express shipments -pickings should be  made when berries show about one-  third color, the degree of color depending upon the distance of the market.  2. Make frequent pickings, going  over the vines on alternate days. Immediately after a period of rain go  over the whole patch, cleaning up all  the fruit and sending the fruit that is  fit to the cannery.  3. Pick7 in the cool part of the day  if possible, and do not allow the fruit  to stand in the sun or dust after picking. Carry the stands to the packing  shed at once after they have been  filled.  4. Each picker should be provided  with stands holding six cups. Remove the berries from the vine by  breaking the stem over the fore finger in giving the berry a little side  motion. Do not injure the berry in  any way, either by pressure or by  tearing it loose from the calyx or  "hull." Pick the vines clean and place  soft berries in separate cups for the  cannery, throwing the culls away.  5. Pack the berries in a cool shed,  having plenty of light. Before packing remove the berries from the picking cups, placing them upon a cloth  covered packing frame. Be sure the  berries are perfectly dry before packing. Forcing currents over the berries while they are upon the frames  removes all moisture, brings out the  lustre on the fruit, and leaves it in a  cool condition.  6. Use experienced packers.' For  long distance shipments make at least  three grades. A. Distant Market  Grade, using only sound partially colored fruit. B. Local Market Grade,  using, sound and well colored fruit.  C. Cannery Grade, which includes a  good quality of ripe fruit. All berries showing the least indication of  decay or deterioration are culls and  must be thrown away. Such berries  will spoil the rest of the crate.  7. 'To determine the proper color  that berries'should have for long distance shipment by express the best  plan is to study the train schedules,  and determine the amount of time it  will require the berries to arrive at  the destination. Pick several cups  of berries at different stages of maturity,-and place them in a temperature of 65 degrees. At the end of the  given time inspect the berries and determine which is in the best shape.  For this test the cups should be  wrapped up in newspapers and the  time of the test should be two or  three days over the actual train time.  8. When packing for market use  uniform sizes of berries, placing them  in clean, new cups. Have the top  layer of berries come slightly above  the outside edge of the cups, and  have the rows faced evenly so as to  give an atttractive appearance.  9. As soon as packed place the  cups in the crate and keep in a cool  place. In nailing on covers use four  nails to the cleat. Do not nail superfluously as it irritates the consumer  and deflects from the packers' reputation.  10. Cool the berries down to 60  .degrees before shipping. This may be  done by leaving the fruit in the night  air, and shipping in the morning.  Raspberries.  1. Pick the berries as soon as the  fruit will slip off the core without  crumbling or mashing. Every berry  that is red must come off the vine.  2. Pickers must use small carriers  attached to the waist so as to hold the  cups. Pick directly into the shipping cup, and never transfer from  one receptable to another any raspberries that arc to be shipped. Have  a separate cup for cannery berries.  Throw away the berries showing decay. Do not put one over-ripe berry  in the shipping cup, as it will spoil the  rest and the market condition of the  whole crate will be ruined.  3. Berries should net be picked  while, the bushes are damp, either  from dew, rain or fog, except for  cannery purposes.  4. See that the cups are filled full,  having all the corners filled to the  top.  "5. Pickers must not pinch the berries, .nor hold them in the hand to be  crushed. The berry should be taken  firmly between the fore finger and the  thumb, with a lateral twist removed  from the core and placed directly in  the shipping cup. Pinching makes a  red discoloration after the berry has  been on the market a few days, which  is. followed by premature softening  and decay.  6. As soon as picked place the  cups in the crate which should be  kept in a cool place. Never allow  berries to stand in the sun or dust after being picked. For express shipments cool the berries to 60 degrees  by fanning with night air and ship  the following morning.  SNAP FOR CASH  OR ON TERMS  Four Good Lots at  White Rock, B. G.  APPLY TO OWNER,- WESTERN CALL  20& KINGSWAY  A\  ii Mil MM*1 Mill H H 1 M H -H H ������ H 111 Hit t M 1111 ������ M 11'  'Navigable Watera Protection Aet'  Chapter 116, M. M. 0--1SPS.  TAKE NOTICE that Peter G. Drost.  of tbe City of Vancouver, Province of  British Columbia, has deposited ln the r  Land  Registry  OffIce at Hie  City  of  Vancouver, 'in the Province of British  Columbia, and in the'Office of tbo Minister of Public Works at Ottawa, a de-  scrlptlon of the site and plans of a pro-  ���������������frposed bulk-head and fminer to bo eon-  ''. structed upon the foreshore and in the  '' bed  of Burrard Inlet, Vancouver Har- -  ������; | bour, in front o*'Lots,3. 4k 5, ������. t. 8,r t,  * 110. and 11, Block 175. District Lot ST., <  City of North Vancouver, Provlnoe of  British Columbia. ^\ .  >AND TAKE NOTICE that after the ,  expiration of one month from tho date  of the. first publication of thl* Notloe,,  the said Peter G. Drost will, under Section 7-of the said Act, apply to tho Minister of Public Works, at his office ln  the City /of Ottawa for permission to  For Rent and Sale Cards 10c ea.  Come to the Western Call Office  HOW CAN YOU  IFESO EASILY?  erect, the said bulk bead and filling,  n by metes and bounds la  ALL    AND'  SINGULAR  The description by  as  follows:    ALL _           that certain parcel of land situate in  th������ CJty of North Vancouver. Provlnoe  of British Columbia, and beta** part of  the foreshore and bed of Burrard Inlet,*  adjacent to the above, described lots, <  and whieh parcel may be more particularly described as follows: ~,  Commencing at the point of Inter^  section of the western boundary of tbe  said. Lot 3. with the original blgh water  mark of Burrard Inlet, thence ln an  easterly direction following the said  original high water mark a dletanee of  450feet to the point of Intersection of  the easterly boundary of the aald Lot  11, with the original high water mark; v  thence south a distance of ITS feet;  thence west a distance of 4S* feet;  thence north a distance of 17S feet to  the point of commencement. ������ ���������  _ Dated at Vancouver, a C, this Met  day of April, l������14.  MAITLAND.   HUNTER *  MAITLAND.  Solicitors for the Applicant.     ���������  ,  I   Stocks  Investor's Bttlktfa  A hatHkboak for seeeeMM  invwtora sad Mwatetota. free  on leeoast.    write for rear  Cettee  Do*U������ ML MecfietSM  Mbr. Veaeoover sad Seattle  8toek Tftrchansse.  | Wise, ���������siWIsg       Pieae tp-..r MSI  OEDA.R COTTAGE PRESBYTERIAN  OHURCH  Rev. J. O. Madill. Pastor.  Sabbath School and Bible Classes  at 2.80 p.m. |.  Prayer meeting at 8 p.m. on.We4*  neaday. , '  ������     ' \/~'--  Young People's meeting at 8 p.m. on  Monday night.  Seats Vaacsttvcr Usfarttkers   ,,  Hamilton  Bros.  We are foremost in our line for <  MODSHATB PlUCgp FUWWUW  mimmvm nmnawo  mmumim  o> ^. ^, ^ ^i ^, ^. ,|, ^ ,|. ,|. ^. ^. ,|. ,|i.������,|. .|. ,|..������.f i ,|, 4..���������������>���������.��������������������� ��������������� .|. .|. .|. ��������������� .|. ���������!��������� .|. <|. .|..fi ���������������.������������t������ ���������!��������� -t' ��������������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ��������������� '!��������� ��������������� -I' 't- ��������������� ��������������� <��������� <> ���������!��������� <��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� -f -f ��������������� <��������� ���������!��������� 't- ��������������� ��������� ��������������� ���������!��������� ��������������� ��������������� ���������!"<��������� ��������������������������������������������� f"������ ���������������  1������  Six Pays a Week in  *  *  Every morning during the week The  Chicago Daily Tribune prints a complete Moving Picture Story based on  one of the Moving Picture Hays being  shown in Chicago and in the cities, towns and villages  in the vast territory surrounding Chicago.  The Play selected for each morning's story is the one  which The Tribune's Moving Picture Editor has selected  as the best of all those being shown that day. You can  read.the Moving Picture Stories every morning and then  as these fascinating plays are exhibited in your locality  ydur enjoyment of them will be doubled and trebled  BECAUSE YOU HAVE READ THE STORY.  THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE  not only gives you a complete Moving Picture Story  EVERY DA Y during the^^ week, but it also gives you  on Sunday, in serial form, the greatest Moving Picture  Story ever writteny " The Adventures of Kathlyn," by  Harold MacGrath, the thrilling romance from which has  been produced the famous "KATHLYN"^Moving Pictures which all Chicago is standing in line to see.  Read the Daily Moving Picture Story  in the Chicago Tribune  Read "The Adventures of Kathlyn " in The Chicago Sunday, Tribune  k^w^^^M"*************^**^  V.V-V  11-        W -r *���������  u    *  ?\\  y-v  ;>>>  4<\  1 -1  -;������  '��������� ~ .<  > * $  'Ct-  ���������' 1 THE   WESTERN   r.AI.1.  IHE WESTERN GALL  PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY  BY THE  TERMINAL CITY PRESS, LTD.  HEAD OFFICE :  203 Kingsway, Vancouver  ' Telephone Fairmont 4-40  Subocrlptlons  One Collar a Year In Advance  01.0O Outelda Canada  If you do not get "CALL" regularly  it is probably because your subscription  is long overdue. Renew at once. If paid  up, phone or write complaint today.  WHY ULSTER WILL FIGHT  BATHER THAN SUBMIT  A story in the Record of Christian Work may  cast some light on the reasons why the Protest (  tants of Ulster are so desperate in their determin-'  ation not to be put under the rule of the majority  - in Ireland. The Record says: ,  \ . "Some of the bravest Christian pioneering of  the present time is going on, not in the Par'East,  ndR in the Mohammedan world, but in Ireland-  The Hun.an anti-foreign fanatics of twenty years  ago constituted a dangerous mob to face, hut not  more dangerous than the bitter and ignorant Irish"  Catholics of Munster.  In 1898 J. J. Long, M. D., the son of a clergyman of the Church of Ireland, was sent to open  "a medical mission in Limerick under the auspices of the Irish Chureh Mission.   Limerick if ay  or may not be considered a Christian city, according to one's definition of Christian.   Long was  told that if he spoke of Christ's Gospel to the people of the place he would some fine day be found  floating   in the Shanon, face    downward.     In  Christian places one does not generally run such  risks-   In Christian lands the 'documents of Christianity are honored and read.    In 1907, 1908,  1909/ a search for Bibles and New Testaments approved by the Church of Rome waq made in various cities and towns throughout Ireland, and not  a single copy could be purchased in any bookshop of Progheda,' Wexford, Clonmel, Wicklow,  Balbriggau, Mullingar and a   host   of   smaller  places.   In- only a few shops cquld they be found  in Dublin, Cork Limerick and Galway.   In Kilkenny, Athlone, Tralee, Killarney, Listowel, only  one, copy of the Bible or New Testament could be  obtained in each town.   In some instances it was  offered at a reduction as "the Bible.was never  asked for."   Doctor Long estimates, after long  personal observation, that not one per cent, of  the people of Limerick have had the New Testament in their hands.   Yet this city of 38,151 persons boasts, besides its ample supply of Catholic,  secular clergy, five varieties of monkish communities���������Jesuit, Augustinian, Franciscan, Dominican and Redemptorist.   In the early part of  1898, Doctor Long opened a dispensary, where he  not only gave away drugs but the GospeK    It  prospered for several months, then the storm  broke.   His mission was denounced in all the Roman Catholic churches in Limerick.   A priest,  dog-whig. in. hand, rode up and down before the  mission.   The bishop announced it a sin to goyto"  the mission, so great that no priest in Limerick  could pardon it.  Absolution could be granted only  by the bishop himself-   Patients were assaulted  and beaten.   A Protestant who sent for Doctor  Long to attend a sick daughter, had his doors and  windows broken? his family - stoned and finally  he was forced to leave his tenement.   One former  Catholic and his wife attended services in the  ^Episcopal church. They were thrown out of  employment and their house attacked by a raving  mob. Severn families of converts emigrated to  Ontario. For, as usual, persecution has not always achieved its purpose. It has rather' had the  contrary effect. In latter years, Dr. Long's  patience and fortitude have impressed the people in his favor. The people are becoming more  friendly to him and more independent of the  priests. It is certainly such experiences as those  of Doctor Long which have led Ulster Protestants to a grim determination to take up arms  rather than to submit to the possibility of a  clerically controlled government.  Friday, June 12.1914  THE WAGE CONTROVERSY BETWEEN THE  ENGINEERS -AND   FIREMEN   AND THE  WESTERN RAILWAYS.  A statement by the Conference Committeee of  manjtgers:  A. W. Trenholm, general manager of the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railway,  and chairman of the Conference Committee of  Managers representing the Western railways  which has been carrying on negotiations on behalf of these railways with a committee representing their engineers and firemen, who have  requested general revision of rules governing  compensation and in addition increases in rates of  pay, made public the following statement:  The negotiations which have been going on for  about three months between committees repreV*  senting the Western railways'and their locomotive engineers and employes, were suspended today. The railways concerned in the negotiations  number 89, and include practically all lines in  the United States we%t of Lake Michigan and the  Illinois Central railroad, including this road, and  all lines in Canada west of Fort William, except  the Grand Trunk Pacific. The total mileage of  the railways involved is approximately 140,000  miles. The number of engineers and firemen involved is about 55,000, and the wages now paid  annually to them amount to about $67,750,000.  The final request submitted by the employers'  committee proposed increasing the nupnber of  arbitrary" (alllowaneesj, reducing th������ number of  hours of work .after which overtime would be  paid by 50 per cent, in passenger service and 20  per cent, in freight and- other service, increasing  the rate for overtime 100 per cent, in passenger  service and 50 per cent, in freight and other service, and in adition, advancing substantially the  rate per hundred miles of service, as well as creating many new positions. These and the other  concessions requested would increase the pay  rolls of the railroads represented more than $33,-  000,000 a year or approximately 50 per cent;  The original requests of the engineers and  firemen'were presented    on October. 10, 1913.  These original requests, if granted, would increase  their wages approximately $27,000,000 per year,  or 40 per cent, /according to a careful estimate  made by the conference committee of managers  on the basis of the pay rolls as of October, 1913.  Upon receipt of these requests, the individual  Western railways gave notice of their desire to  terminate the wage schedules in effect with their  engineers and firemen and to enter into negotiations for the purpose of making new agreements.  The main object of the new agreements proposed  by the railways was to secure uniformity as well  as simplification of the wage schedules, which  have become complicated and frequently require  extra payments for services which are a part of  the regular work of engineers and firemen.   The  actual negotiations began in Febniary, 1914.   It  was claimed by the Employers' Committee   that  the; adoption of the proposals of the railways  would involve a reduction in the compensation of  the engineers and firemen.    For reasons which  were fully presented,, the Conference Committee  of Managers did not believe that the railways  would be justified in making any increase in the  wages of the employes, to say nothing of the eh-  * ormous increases requested.   But it was not intended to make any reductions in wages.   Therefore, the Conference Committee of Managers advised the Employers' Committee that if the latter  would accept such a revision of the rules as was  suggested by the Managers, the Managers' Committee would join with the Employers' Committee in adopting revised rates of pay whieh would  secure to the employes as large compensation as  they had been receiving.  In the original proposal of .the employes there  was not a word even hinting that it was desired  that the basis fors computing overtime intraih  service which, except in some places in passenger  service, is universally 10 hours, should be reduced. When, however, the employes' first pro-,  posal was definitely rejected, instead of modifying their request, the Employes' Committee came  back with another proposition which asked practically all of the concessions requested originally,  and, in addition,.a reduction in the basis for computing overtime of engineers and firemen from  10 to 8 hours. '   ;  ' ; .The employestknow that it~ would be imprac:  ticable to reduce the actual day in train, service  to 8 hours. To do so it would be necessary to  shorten practically all railway divisions, to relocate yards and shops���������in fact, largely to reconstruct the railways at a prohibitive cost. The employes know the only effect of changing the basis  of a day's w^ge from 10 to 8 hours would be enormously tov increase the overtime paid.  The Conference Committee of Managers ber'  lieyed that' the original requests of the engineers,  $nd firemen wefe unreasonable. Naturally it regarded the nm requests of the committee as  much more so. It believed that, in view of pres-,  ent business conditions, there could be no justification for the railways taking any step that  would add greatly to their expenses.1 It believed  that the two committees were so far apart that  my agreement on a revised schedule was highly  -improbable. It, therefore, suggested to the employes' committee on May 25; 1914, that all proposals of both sides be withdrawn and that the  schedules in effect on October 10, 1913, be restored and kept in effect not less than one year.  This suggestion the employes' committee rejected. A repetition of the refusal of the Managers' Committee to grant the excessive request  made was followed by the suspension of negotiations at the instance of the Employes' Committee  until July 14, pending the result of a strike vote  .'of.."the"'engineers'and firemen to be taken on the  various railroads involved.  The Conference Committee Of Managers recognizes the fact that railways'are engaged in a  public service. It recognizes the fact that, therefore, the managers of railways have no moral  right to accede to unreasonable requests of employes, the granting of which would unduly increase the expenses of railway operation' because, in the long run, the public is the chief sufferer from whatever impairs the adequate maintenance or efficient and economical operation of  railways. This- committee also recognizes the  fact that should the Western railways be tied up  by a strike the results would* be calamitous, and .  that hero again the public would be the chief suf-  fererV Finally, the committee recognizes the fact  that in the long run public opinion usually determines the outcome of controversies between  railways and their employes. -For this reason the  committee believes that it is its duty to the public  to make a full statement of the requests which  the employes have made and of the committee's  reasons for rejecting them,    /."'-���������-  Here follows an itemized setting forth of the  demands of the men, showing the increased cost to  the roads on each set of demands should tlie  roads accede to their requests.  The total of these itemized demands amounts*  to over $27,000,000, as a 40 per cent, raise on  present wage scale.  As has been already stated other requests  now bring the raise asked for up to 5b per cent,  on present wage.  SOUTH VANCOUVER SCHOOLS.  The school attendance for May was 4,453; for  the previous months of this year it was as follows: January, 4,389; February, 4,361; March,  4,370; and April, 4,498.  AN IMPORTANT UTTERANCE  The only way of Civic Government, an address to Ward 6 Ratepayers' Association, by W.  Porteous Jack  There is a Revival of the movement for annexation, which is inevitable. The first task is  the laying of the sub-structure of this municipality  on solid constitutional lines, providing for the  edifice of a Greater Vancouver.  In seeking your attention for a little in dealing with this subject, we do not promise any con-s  tribution in the way of a variety of arguments;  simply a plain talk, with reasonable and intelligent men who understand Jiistorical facts, ."^d  who have no desire to shirk them.       -  We are a race who have possessed for 800  years a constitution which has proved its full  practicability, its full sufficiency in that, which  pertains to the highest interest and welfare of\  humanity in the Empire, in the Nation, in the  Community, in the Municipality; and during the  long years it has been the pride of the British  people to honor their constitution, and to obey its  laws, but this appears to have been an error, and  it has been" left to the 20th Century, and to certain "cute" men amongst us to tell us it is no  good; it's so "cumbersome," it is no use for the  Terminal City of the North Pacific coast.   Truly:  Wh^re ignorance is bliss  Tis folly to be wise.  The longer we I've in this world we realize  the moral truth: '.'That there is good in everything; the depression that we are going through  is leading men to think���������to ask what is the reason of it? For,there s nothing that happens in  thifr world by chance, everything is subject to  natural,law cause and effect, and an enquiry  into the regrettable conditions reveals that conditions are much aggravated by the confusion that1  has got into the affairs of this City. It has  brought this about���������a common opinion that the  Civic Government of Vancouver is. not sound,  is not right; it is neither one thing or another;  it's not representative; it's not autocratic;-it's  not Democratic.  There is a noted lecturer across the line who  comes to the city every winter. On his last visit  he choose as his subject: '' Obedience to the law.''  He proved that this was the first principle in  communal existence, and that the confusion and  trouble that ensued in municipalities.was by reason of disobedience, the evasion and ignoring of  existing laws. ���������  This brings us to the point of the argument.  The only way of Civic Government is in the fullest obedience to existing constitutional laws.  The "Learned" tell us to be logical; we have  to lay the basis of the argument and from it reason to a conclusion.  The basis of argument is this': Up to 1867,  the Province of B. C. was a Crown Colony, pos-  -- sessing autonomy and the benefits and privileges  that are embodied in the constitution; and that  while in that year the autonomy was merged into  the Confederation of the Dominion o'f Canada,  there was no surrender in any item or detail of  the rights which accrue to us from the .Constitution, and which declares us to be free-born, self-  governing British subjects.-       ! '���������  The pursuance of the argument raises the  question: What is this British Constitution that  we are1 part of? What are the existing Constitutional laws that we have got to obey? (for  there is only the alternative, obedience or non-  obedience (by laws or. amendments on the Constitution are ultra vires).  In correspondence with the government over  . some schemes (which have been attempted) this  is plainly reyeated. The Administration over  wihch.Sir Richard McBride presides, stands clear  in their knowledge of the relation of the Provinc-  ial_ Legislature__towards the_Constitution,and_its  laws; they are not makers of the laws; only administrators, while beyond it all there is the jurisdiction, the force and power of the Imperial  Privy Council as the guardians of the people's  rights.  The British Constitution can "be dealt with in  two forms. ��������� First, by comparison; second, by ex- /  plaining what it is. A comparison with America,  a great country, a great people, who have a written constitution, in documentary form, which begins : "All men are born equal." . As a moral document it is excellent; as a legal one it is largely a  failure, and is continually in the law courts, seeking definition, for the reason that there is neither  section, sub-section, clause, precedent or practice,  that determines the nature and form of civic gov- v  eminent in the municipalities ,of the U. S. (every  municipality is_a law unto itself). The result is  Tammany Hall, Board of Control, Commisison  government and other schemes, ending in inextricable confusion-  The British Constitution has never been written down, does not exist in any documentary form.  0Has been maintained and safeguarded for centuries by the wisdom and common sense of the Celto-  Saxon race; broadening down from precedent to  precedent, is as practical today as it was 800 years  ago, when the Barons obtained from the King the  charter of the People's rights. How and why?  Because it is founded on���������it is the practical exposition of the eternal principles of liberty and  self government, expressed in representative  rights in proportional form. That is the secret  of its greatness; its completeness. . '  The British Constitution determines that every  human being that comes into existence under the  flag is free-born. That is.the birthright! the most  glorious that has ever been possessed by any people or civilization. (The Roman Empire, which  lasted for 1,000 years, was in some respects a  great civilization, but there was only a section of  the people free-born. 'The Constitution further  determines that every male subject, ���������when he  reaches the age of 21 gets a vote. That is his  individual possession to be withheld or* exercised as he thinks fit. With a six months' residential qualification in any town, borough, municipality or eity, he is placed on the electoral roll  in virtue of his birthright;. a free-born British  subject.  The place on the roll and possession of the  vote finds expression in representative rights in  proportional form. In municipalities the proportion is one-to four thousand, or six thousand of  the population, and this is regulated from time  to time by redistribution-  The question now, arises how ought Vancouver stand, in all this.  The section of the Constitutional Law. which  regulates the representative rights of the people,  determines that in a city or municiality of the  area and population of Vancouver the proportion  is one representative to 5,000 of-the population.  The city is divided into approximate wards (that  is the only way of affording protection and repre-.  sentation to minorities.) v  This city ought to be divided into 12 wards-  each ward returning two members for two years-Tone retiring; annually. /'���������' -  The mayor should be elected by and from the  council for two year. In order to consolidate authority, the police commissioners, the parks commissioners, the library board, should be absorbed  by the council. The licensing board as they are  the mayor ex-officiochairman. Board of Education, the Consolidation of Finance, the abolition  of the mischievous policy of raising money by by-  lawi the readjustment of taxation in the proper application of the Single Tax..  The qualification for voting or representation  should be simply to be on the voters' list  This is the outline or basis of a measure which  has got to be adopted sooner or later if we are to  remain in the1 British Dominions and continue to  be British subjects. The Provincial government  (whatever the color may be) can no more retard  or withhold it then they can go down to English  bay and keep back the waters with a'broom.  There are 40 per cent, of the electors of the  city denied their representative rights, and this  anomaly in a British municipality cannot continue without trouble  The detrimental agencies that have been at  work in the schemes attempted have affected tfle  credit of the,city, and the only method to restore  confidence is to show that we are capable and determined to conduct public affairs after Constitutional and sound.business methods. To maintain the present irregularities is to open the flood  gates to further trouble; weakened confidence  leads to disaster, and where there is no confidence,  there is nothing doing. .  f<M  HOW FIRST  fContinued from  Page 1������  /  gathered from what transpired at the meeting  at which this resolution was passed,, that, the  North Vancouver council had no confidence in /_  the ability of our local manufacturers to construct this .bridge, and that their representatives  Should, therefore, not hesitate to advocate making  an Easjtern .award. A splendid way, ^indeed, to  build up and foster Home Industry! No suggestion of a way to assist the local concerns, but just  a doubting Thomas attitude, and let us quietly  send the work away as being simpler than taking  steps to verify the contentions of the local concerns that they are quite able to do" this'"work.  Why-this attitude? .We"venture to say that the  citizens of North Vancouver will not endorse  this wonderful process of reasoning. Many of  them, indeed, will want to have a proper explanation of such conduct. The last lias yet to  be heard in( reference to this resolution.  It' is certainly high time that those members  of the board (and fortunately they are a majority), who have the best interests of British Columbia and Vancouver at heart and firmly believe  in giving our own people a fair deal, should take \  matters in their.V)wn hands, put an end to this"'  foolish quibbling, and let this contract as it  should logically be let.  There is no doubt but that the next" meeting  of the Bridge Company will be fraught -with in*  teresting "developments, and before this matter  is disposed of the public will know much better  than they^ dp_ now. just what, account- of their--  * stewardship can be expected from some members  of this directorate who have not as yet been sufficiently long in public life for. a correct opinion  to have been formed in* this regard.  REDISTRIBUTION.  Ottawa,  June  11.���������Redistribution   Bill   gives  / Vancouver three members;    Vancouver proper,  two; and South Vancouver and Point Grey, the  third. ' . " ���������".������������������������������������ ��������� *.   '..*.-  EXHIBITION OF WORK  At Manual Training Centres in South Vancouver  Carleton Centre, June 15th 7 to 9 P. M.  MacKenzie Centre, June 16th .7 to 9 P. M.  Selkirk Centre, June 17th  .7 to 9 P. M.  Brock Centre, June 18th .......' 7 to 9 P. M.  Tecumseh Centre, June 19th ....... .7 to 9 P. M.  Mie public interested are cordially invited by  the Board of School Trustees.  THE REAL KING.  The French king Henry III. said to Palissy,  the Huguenot potter, one day, that-he should be  compelled to give him up to his enemies unless  he should change his religion. "You have often  said to me, sire," was the undaunted reply, "that  you pitied me; but as for me, I pity you, who  have given utterance to such words as 'I shall be  compelled.' These are unkingly words, and I  say to you, in royal phase, that neither the Guises  nor all your people nor yourself, are able to com-,  pel an humble manufacturer of earthenware to  bend his knee before statues."  NOT ASHAMED  General Henry Havelock was told, when only  a lieutenant, that his religion would prevent his  rising, for the, authorities did not believe that  any one could be at the same time a saint and a  soldier. He replied: "I humbly trust that in  this great matter I should not change my opinions  and practices though it rained garters and coronets as the reward of apostasy." *j?j< &*> I  i ',"j-'Jsr,__  .   v. '.W',V  Us  Friday, June 12, 1914  THE WESTERN CALL.  Industries are Being Developed  " Itet Vancouver Flourish By Her Industries "  is the Brave- Mottb of the Manufacturers' Association oj B. C, and the  People are Living Up to It  v    By JAMES HART, Sec. B. C. Manufacturers' Association.  AT THIS TIME of trade depression ana general tightness in the money market one  hears on all hands the hackneyed saying,  "What we want is more industries"���������and  generally by parties who repeat parrotwise or who  have not studied the question.   A review of manufacturing conditions and possibilities in British  Columbia might not be amiss at the present time.  In the first place, I think it will be admitted that  industries must have a market for their output,  and if those gentlemen, who' talk so much about  new industries will just take the time or trouble  to figure out this%narket question, we won't hear  so much about new" industries, but will assuredly  hear a great deal more about the necessity of  [patronizing existing industries-   A manufacturer  i is not in business for the fun of making things or  [for his health.   He, like all-other business men, is  fin business for his living.   He has, in a new country, an uphill tfight, and naturally expects, looks  Ifor, and is entitled to, support in his home market.   British Columbia is particularly adapted to  months "ago the manufacturers formed what is  knt_wn as the Manufacturers' Association of British Columbia ''for the purpose of looking after  manufacturers' interests in regard to freight,  tariff, etc., and to educate the public to the necessity of supporting home industries. All goods  now manufactured in B. C. bear a label with the  words, '"Made in B." C. Let B. C. flourish by her  industries;" and the manufacturers are, meeting  Eastern prices, and producing such quality that  one large buyer was overheard saying "That's a  trademark with a conscience." The B. C. Manufacturers' Association and Mr. H. H- Stevens  have done a lot to get the Provincial and Dominion governments to specify British Columbia  goods,' but there still remains a lot of leeway to  make up.  In regard to the development of this province  there are two points to keep always before us.  The one is that we require population and payrolls and the other that the more successful the  existing industries are, the greater the attraction  An Intersection of Main and Hastings Streets  ThiB Has Become in the Cast Four Years, One of the Busiest Corners in the City.  mnufacturing, and will ultimately ,become the  [foremost manufacturing provincev in the Domin-  Jion-    She has within,   her    borders    abundant  [supplies   of   raw   material.     She   has   unlim-  lited    supply   of   timber,   wonderful    deposits  [of    ore,    for    the    production   of   iron    and  steel, and water power, in abundance capable, of  [cheap development.   Those are the essentials for  lanufacturing.   She has millions of acres of land  suitable for agriculture, the rearing of sheep,  .attle, hogs and horses, fruit growing, etc., a good  larket at. home for the general products of her  factories,���������lias unsurpassed ,  facilities    for har-  yors and shipping���������three transcontinental lines  Opening a market on the prairies���������and with her  reographical'position the cheapest of airfreight  Foutes���������the ocean.    The manufacturer develops  ie natural resources of a country.   He converts  le raw material into the finished product, using  |killed workmen in the process, and thus provides  market for the raw material.   He creates wealth  \y putting the value of labor into the raw mater-  il, thus increasing its value.   He provides a. market for the agriculturist.   The money he pays out  wages circulates in the community where it is  famed, necessitating the establishment of stores,  Professions and other businesses, essential to the  juilding of a commercial centre, and it should be  [he aim of all progressive communities to foster  [nd encourage industries, to take care of its raw  laterial, develop its natural resources, increase  ts population and provide work for it.   Manufacturers in our Province.have.had a hard row to  ioe, and are entitled to great praise for the mag-  iificent fight they have made against prejudices  knd adverse  conditions  in the way of freight  fates, etc.   They have shown a wonderful faith  In the future of the province, and are making  this a manufacturing centre through pure grit  md perseverance.   The old adage that "No man  Is a prophet in his own country"-is particularly  ipplicable-   The purchasing public did not seem  ������o realize the necessity of patronizing home pro-  lucts, and unfortunately the Government, cities  ind other public bodies, instead of showing them  m example, seemed desirous of encouraging im-  >orts.   Some concerted action became necessary  factories were to be kept running,  and six  will be to outside industries to establish, bringing  in further capital, further population, and greater  payrolls, and so develop our natural resources,  extend our power and trade and build up our cities. It will be a surprise to many to know that  outside of the lumber, mining, and fishing industries, we have in our Province between seven and  eight, hundred factories���������large and small���������and  that even under existing conditions, British Columbia is the third largest per capita manufacturing Province in the Dominion. Those factories  coyer a large range of products, and it may not  be amiss to mention, a few, taken from the directory of the B. C. Manufacturers' Association.  Aerated waters, boiler^ marine and stationary; babbitt metal, bronze, brooms, bedsteads, brass and iron and steel; belting,  bricks, boots, beer, biscuits, cattle feed,  cider, chocolate, chairs, cigars, concrete  pipe,- cement, creosote, clothing, cereals,  cans, dies, dynamite, elevators, electrical machinery and light fittings, engines, marine, gasoline,  oil, hoisting, logging; fencing, furnaces, fruit  syrups, fish cured and dried, furniture, furniture  springs, flooring, flour, fertilizer, gasoline lights,  glass work, glass bottles, glove's, harness, ice making machines, iron working, including structural  iron and steel for buildings and bridges, ice, jam,  jellies, kalsomine, lead, lamps, ladders, labels,  leather, lacquer, lithography, machinery for, can-  ners and shingle manufacturers, metal stamping,  macaroni, mattresses, muratic acid/nails, nickel,  nitric acid, oatmeal, overalls, pipe, wood and iron  and steel; pumps, pickles, pillows, paints, paving,  paper boxes, refrigerators, roofing, rice flour,  solder, saws, stoves, shipbuilding, "sauce, syrup,  shingles, show cases, saddlery, sewer pipe, stone  cutting and art stone; shirts,' sulphuric acid,  stumping' powder, 'tins, tools, veneer, vacuum  cleaners, varnish, wire, washboards, wagon builders, zinc, zinc chloride.  The above shows that our Province is a manufacturing country, and that our industries are  worthy of support. The Government gives the  manufacturer protection through the tariff, and  Eastern Canada, through this protection and  through demanding home made goods, compelled  seven hundred and fifty-five American factories  to' establish in Eastern Canada in the last ten  years. Those" and other Eastern factories are  shipping their goods into B. C, and it is up to  the people of British Columbia to apply the same  medicineyand compel them to establish branches,  so that if they wish to sell the goods here, they  must also pay the wages here and keep our money  in the province. Our Coast cities are certain to  develop rapidly as shipipng ports, increased shipping means reduced freight rates through com-,  petition, and better access to the markets of the  world. Our vast mineral wealth has only been  scratched so far, coal fields of fine quality coal  are only now being developed. Our iron ore  mines are being exploited, and recently the first  step towards the utilization of same was taken  by the incorporation of the B. C. Rolling Mills.  Electric power is available when required for  steel manufacture. Oil prospects never were  brighter. A step in the right direction haa recently been taken by the Railway Comrision in  freight rates.  Other industries attracted by cheap electric  power are the manufacture of fertilizer, aluminum, etc., the electric treatment of metals and  concentrates, and the manufacture of chemicals.  Wider markets mean the establishment of furniture factories, carriage and automobile factories,  the extension of the lumber and shingle indus*  tries, and the manufacture of flour, cereals, biscuits, canned goods, fruit products, fish and all  other food stuffs���������the manufacture of chemicals, ���������  fertilizers (fish and' natural resources), paper,  twine, rope (wire and hemp), wood pulp, pigments, cutlery, builders' hardware and hardware  of 'ill kinds���������the establishment of potteries���������the  development of lime, cement, brick, stone, etc.,  industries���������the manufacture of leather goods of  all kinds, tobacco and cigar factories, spinning  factories with kindred industries tot cloth,  woollen garments, all kinds, carpets, rugs, etc.,  and other lines too numerous to mention. The  machinery plants already established take care of  present requirements, but with increased demand, there is a great future before them.  Owing to her geographical location British Columbia can import by water the raw material she  lacks for manufacturing purposes, and it is only  a question of time when she will be taxed to her  utmost to supply the needs of the growing population in the prairie provinces.  Those provinces will, with the advent of the  Panama Canal, use our Coast as a shipping point,  necessitating the establishment of huge storage  elevators. The Orient is becoming a market for  flour, and there is no reason why the grain should  not be milled here. The N. W. Miller of Minneapolis, the recognized authority on the milling industry of the world, stated recently: '' The miller  who is able to grind the Canadian crop will be  the miller of the future, and where he is, there will  be the great mills of the world."   -  The possibilities of British Columbia are great,  hut to make them accomplished facts every inhabitant of B. C. must assist.   We won't gain  anything by simply talking of ou* wonderful resources; we must develop them, and let the results talk for themselves.   Nothing succeeds like  success, and it is only the apathy of our own  people in regard to existing industries that is  keeping capital out-  We must show that there is  a ready sympathetic market right at home for a  factory's initial output*   No factory can work  profitably or prosper on half time and idle plant,  vlf the people of this Province were supporting  local industries/as they ought, every factory in  British Columbia would be running full time, and  building extensions���������our population  would   increase by leaps and bounds; there would be an  end of hard times, and outside capital would be  eager to come in.   Let us all unite in a campaign  to encourage and promote legitimate industries,  paying legitimate wages and legitimate profits,  and establish co-operation in all lines" for the upbuilding of the greatest province in the Dominion.  THE PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN  WILL KEEP 6,000 WEN RUSY  The president of the Pacific Great Eastern Rail-:  way, J. VW. Stewart, has just completed a trip  right over the railroad and the work noAV under,  way.   Mr. Stewart was accompanied by P. Welch,  the well-known contractor, and his son, J. Welch.  In the course of an interview, President Stewart'  remarked that with the exception of some thirty  odd miles, the entire line of the Pacific Great  Eastern is now under contract. Grading is in  progress along the whole right-of-way from  Squamish to Fort George and is expected to be  finished this year.  The president added that a uniform force of no  fewer than 6,000 men will be kept on the work  for the remainder of this year. Tlie steady work  on the railway would help to a great degree the  m<any who would be otherwise unemployed at this  slack season of the year.  Before the close of the year, stated the president, there will be put in operation an accommodation train service between Squamish and Lil-  looet .to serve the very fine tracts of agricultural  lands which will by its means be made accessible  to the settler.  That within a few weeks development work will  be started on-the coast tei*minals of the Pacific  Great Eastern at Squamish, was the president's  statement. Large expenditures will be involved  in this undertaking, particularly for the improvement of the harbor and the laying out of the town-  site. It is stated by competent authorities that  the harbor of Squamish is one of the best on the  coast, and every advantage will be taken by the  P. G. E. of this great natural asset.  cleared away from the mountains and the corn-  have been ideal for the rapid pushing on of railway work. Save in the higher levels the snow has  cletred away from the mountains and the company is confident that the whole of the grading to  j Fort George will be completed before the end of  the present year.  DEPUTY MINISTER ON THE OIL STRIKE.  We publish herewith an interview with Mr. R. '  W. Brock; Deputyf Minister .of Mines, after visit- .  ing the oil strike near Calgary.  We omit only the'  technical-portion of his statement.   Mr; Brock  said: '       - '  "The strike of oil in the Dingman wety, near .  Black Diamond in the Calgary district, Alberta,  may be an event of some importance in the h&tbry ,..  of the development of the province, as it strength'  ens, if it does not yet justify, ihe conviction that ;���������  has always been1 held by the Geological.Survey  that the Northwest affords one of the m<& prom-7  ising fields for oil prospecting which still remain .  undeveloped. ' ������������������        ������, .     * v -  "It does not, of course, establish the existence ,  of an important commercial field;  while much ,.  more profitable as a producer than a well of similar capacity of ordinary crude oil would be, it is  not as satisfactory an indication, but it does add   V  materially to the already widespread evidence of  oil in the Northwest, and justifies business-lilce,  technically directed, intelligent prospecting.        *���������  "At a depth of 2,700 feet oil was struck that  "  quickly rose to a height of from 2,000 to 2,200 feet *  in the well.   With it is some gaa which occasion* .'-  ally causes a spurt of gas and oil from the mouth  of the well.   The oil is a 'white-oil,' like the small  ' amount of oil encountered higher up in this well  last fall.* It is about 64.5 Baume, almost puree  'gasoline, so that in its crude state it is a satisfactory substitute in motors for the refined gasoline *  of commerce. ' (,  Not Equipped With a Pump.  "At the time of my visit the well had not been  equipped with a pump, or storage facilities, so  that it was not known what the daily capacity ,(  would be, nor how it will stand up against pumping, but the small amount bailed out has had no  effect upon the level of oil in the well. ,.   .   .   .  Last summer   gas was struck that was almost  wholly gasoline.   This was considered a favorable  indication, as it might represent the lighter, more   >  volatile portion of oil that had been filtered from   '  a main body.   When 'white oil,' almost pure gasp-'  line, was encountered in small quantity last fall  this hypothesis was strengthened." The present  strike of similar oil in some volume leads naturally  to the supposition that the drill has made an ap  proach to an oil reservoir.   There may perhaps be  a notable quantity of this high grade oil itself,  but this has still to be demonstrated, and the al-   '  ( most universal history of other fields has' been' '  that these white oils are rather limited in quantity.   The strike, therefore, is encouraging, but' .  has not demonstrated an important commercial  field. ' ; ,       .     . ,  *  "The area for prospecting is limited in an. east  and'west sAse, for immediately east'of this anticline, not only is the structure unfavorable but,  the possible oil-bearing rocks are too deeply buried"  for much hope of the oil horizon being reached by*  the drill.  The belt of highly disturbed and broken -  ground in the foothills puts a western limit toVany -  possible oil zone.   It is therefore a relatively narrow belt with a trend roughly,-parallel with the  mountains that affords any reasonable prospect  for oil.  "It is also to be remembered that drilling in  these formations is unusually expensive, especially  if the drillers have not had experience with these  particular rocks; that at best oil prospecting is  speculative, and that to reduce the speculative element to within commercial bounds it should be  undertaken only under intelligent technical direction.   There are places which afford a reasonable  chance of success, there are others which may be-  immediately alongside, that it is an absolute waste  of  capital   and energy to attempt to prospect.  While science may not be able to guarantee the  presence of oil in commercial quantity, it can at  least often guarantee its absence.   There are too  many points worth prospecting in Alberta and  capital is too valuable for this country, to have  money available for prospecting squandered on  hopeless undertakings.,,    __        _   "No one should invest money in oil prospecting  that he cannot afford to lose, and before investing  he should assure himself that the company has  capital enough to put down several wells with due  allowance for possible difficulties met with in drilling, and that an expert of repute has examined  the ground that it is proposed to drill, will locate  the holes, and that he has expressed confidence  that this particular ground is worth prospecting.  "All will remember the.evil effects of the min-  ing boom in' West Kootenay, from which that district has not even yet recovered, of the vast amount of capital wasted, and scores of investors  ruined through ill-advised and reckless investment  and development. Oil prospecting is still more  dangerous and requires quite as much, if not more,  technical knowledge and skill.  "The development of a commercial field would  be invaluable to the country, but this end is to be  attained by sane, common sense, intelligent work.  Reckless gambling on the oil prospects of *the  Northwest may give legitimate prospecting a set-^  back that it may take a generation to overcome."  ���������ni  -t h  jy  : II  - V>M  v P-i  t'j.  **w-  TEACHING SEX HYGIENE.  South Vancouver School Board in Sympathy With  Movement to Teach Subject in Public Schools.  South "Vancouver, June 9.���������The School Board  afe in sympathy with the idea of teaching sex  hygiene in the public schools of the municipality,  but before introducing it into the curriculum they  must take up the question with the Educational  Department at.Victoria. Trustee C. M. Whelptou,  chairman of the School Board," made this announcement at the meeting of the Board this evening in answer to a delegation from South Vancouver who asked that sex hygiene be taught here.  We.notice that the London School Board, after  the most exhaustive study on this point, have concluded to leave sex hygiene alone and trust that  tlie South Vancouver Trustees are not amongst  those who rush iri "where angels fear to tread."  This is undoubtedly a matter of supreme importance and .one of the deepest needs of the day.  All the same, it is a matter in which it will be best  ��������� to make progress slowly, as there are many very  serious points to be considered.  ������������������-<���������-  "V  TS  ,*.  l,*l mmm^mf^imm  W^PlX^fr'^Sr   '     ':'V  ���������^^?  THE WESTERN CALL.  Friday, June 12,1914  +*************tt^>*******<~1r**********^*^  WfWtV**���������/***.,  ii Mount Pleasant Livery  TRANSFER  Furniture and Piano Moving  Baggage, Express and Dray.    Hacks and Carriages  at all hours.  Phone Fairmont 04B  ;  Corner Broadway and Main A. F. McTavish, Prop.  4**4**********4 % I'l I'M���������!��������������������������� 11,1 M"."I������M"M'������4"I'4'**������4*������**'M"������  .M^.^H'-H'^*^^*^-^*****   -"i- ������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������t"i������.t. ������������������ ���������������������������������������������������������������^i' '������������������ ������������������ ii l11 n * H"  i VANCOUVER CUT-RATE FRUIT and CANDY CO.  :: J N. Ellis. Mgr.        2452 Main St. tor. Broadway  i  *  All Fruits  in Season il  | Largest Stock of ConfecllODeryFnilt. Tobacco on Hill ii  PHONE Fairmont 638  Free delivery to any part of the city.  'llllllllltllllttttttT*'*-    IIII1 IIHI'HH'K I* IIMIII'  FLY TIME  Is here and we fovea large  stock of  Screen Poors  Screen Windows  Wire Screens  at prices that will interest  you.  Mad*  fo 18 coins a������4  ������������tar*4 (ctour) ��������� rvMwt     .  ���������fcrfUiiaf pirn celtar to f������ir������t  . We carry a complete stock of  JAP-A-LAC in all sizes.  Just phone us your orders. We  deliver promptly to any part of the  city and surrounding districts.  W. R. Owen .1 Mor rison  The Mt. Pleasant Hardware  Phone Fair. 447 2337 Main Street  ��������� t' ���������!��������� tV<< 4' ������������������������ t- ���������!��������� I' 1"! '!��������� t !���������' !��������� <��������� -t- ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� <��������� -t- 'I-���������������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������! !��������� ���������!��������� ������������������������ ���������!��������� 1'���������������!��������� ���������!��������� ������������������������ ���������!��������� -t- ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� -t- ���������!��������� ���������!��������� -81 ���������!��������� ������������������������ <��������� ���������!���������'  NATIONAL CULTURE AND REFINEMENT  Can we measure the value of example in bettering the social, moral  and mental condition of home, civic or national life?  A living example is a powerful factor in leading up to culture and  refinement as a national asset.    What more so than  that of an artis- .;  tically   made   home  nestling  among   beautiful   flowering   plants;   rones, .]  flowering "and evergreen  shrubbery;  shade  trees,  all  encompassed with .j  hedges of holly, laurel or privet. A  Cultivate a habit to spend your time to .make such a home, and 4  visit our Greenhouses and Nurseries; see our stock, and get expert ad- ������!  vice from our capabie and courteous employees, which will greatly aid ������j  you  in  your effort.    Our stock was never better,  larger or of greater "j  variety.    In our stock of over $100,000 we have everything that culture j  and  refinement demands  to make a home a credit to  the owners  and 1  . pleasing and interesting to the community. 1  Catalogues mailed free on application. \j  Royal Nurseries, Limited j  Office���������710"������������m__io_ Bldg., 807 Hastings St. W. >|  Phone Seymour 5556. <  SXOXS���������2410 Oranvllle St,    Pbone Bay-lew 1986. 1  Greenhouses  and  Nurseries at Royal  on B.  C. Electric  Railway, J  Eburne Line, about two miles south of the City limits. v  Phone���������Eborne 43.  ****4'**lll M VX I 11 11 11 1111'4->***********************<^  ���������Ay  Horace.  Hazeitine  Umm  * * #'. i|ii������'������'������'#'������'iii'������'*���������*+���������%���������**���������*; *���������������>* t.   ;���������*;.*������������������* ;*���������������*���������%,**���������*������������������������*,���������������* m* *���������*���������������������������* m . I  vl  We have always on hand a large selection of STAPLE  and FANCY FOODS for POULTRY.  Diamond Chick Food, $4,00 per 100 lbs.  Fourex " "    $2.50 per 100 lbs,  DAILY  DELIVERIES  TO  SOUTH  VANCOUVER  M  Phone Falrnont 186  r. T. VERNON  Hay, Grain and Feed  256 Broadway East  drrtwtr. tat., tt. ������5 *H*C4.u*Ct tf CO.  there's W Uttle thing leanda  f la began; but I Interrupted him.  "There's a very big thing you ean  ,N I corrected. And then I told him.  "What a lark!" he cried, refuting  to recognlie the serious aide of it.  "Tancjr one of your American multl*  millionaires paaalng coal on a British  freighter."  "Pasting coal!" I exclaimed. "What  rot!   Surely they wouldn't���������"  "Oh, wouldn't they?" he broke In.  "That's juat what they would do: He,  ftn't an able-bodied seaman. Is bet*  Ton can lately wager he's sn expert*  enced stoker, or at least a trimmer by  thla time."  "Don't, Hartley, don't," I protested.  "It'a too cruel to think of."  "Never mind, old chap," was bis re*  Joinder, "There's a good time com*  Ing. We'll have him out and washed  and dressed and sitting at table with  us an hour after the old tub lets her  anchor drop. And 111 wager you a  tanner that there wont be a miss la  any part of Jie programme."  When, at breakfast. I told Evelyn  the good news���������omitting, of course,  all reference to the coal-handling suggestion���������she demanded that I hunt up  Hartley, at once, and present him.  Discretion, however, seemed to me In  this instance, the better part of obedl-  enoe. I did hunt Hartley up and I  did present him, but not until I had si-  lowed time for the first flush of Bro*  lyn's fervor to cool.  He was a very good-looking young  chap; Bvelyn was both grateful and  Impulsive, and I���������was ln love.  Our landing at Port Bald was mate  ���������a the morning of Saturday, tha fifth  ot Deoember, and all that day and the)  next, we waited tn more or less eon*  stant expectancy and a bolUng temper*  ���������tare for tidings of tha tardy Glamor*  gsnthtiw.  Hartley, meanwhile, wti ��������� motel of  hospitality, but Port Stld it primarily  * coaling station on ths fss-sdft of  the tetsrt, and aside from ths con*  crete docks, the ships, ths light bouse,  and ths nearly naked Nubians tbat  ���������warmed everywhere, It proved utter*  ly lacking in objects of Interest  Sunday night brought some small  relief from ths intolerable heat and  grateful for ths respite, all four of our  little party were early to bed. Gradually we had come to believe that our!  waiting waa likely to be prolonged.  The earthquake at Malta having de*  layed one vessel would In all probability delay others as well. Including that  which we bad come ao far to Intercept  So, utterly worn out by nervous ten*'  ���������Ion and the fatigue of the tropical ell*'  mate, we found rest grateful, and slept  ���������oundly. Just how soundly waa 4em������  onatrated when, at an hour after mid*,  night, three resounding knocks on my  hotel chamber door only roused me,,  dully, and left Bvelyn.and bor maid,  and Pr. Addison, who occupied adjacent rooms. In deep slumber, totally  undisturbed. __ -- . - , ��������� -- -'  With what seemed almost ���������uperhu*  man effort, l spurred myself , to consciousness and struggled up on elbow.  "Who'a there?" I called.  "Hartley," came the ana-far. "Open  the door. I thought you'd died of Port  Said ennui." And when I had sleepily  risen and admitted him he went on  hurriedly. "Hake baste, now, old  chap! The bally freighter has Just!  come ln, and I dont propose to loss  that tenner through dilatory methods  on your part."  But I needed no urging. Wide awake  at bis first sentence, I was already  Hinging on my clothe*. He still chat*  tered on in his chafltag way, but I,  scarcely beard blm. Conscious only  of the murmur of his pleasant cheery;  Bngllsh voice, my thoughts wens out  In the night, across the waters of the  harbor, down In the Inferno of a maty  ocean tramp, where a sweating stoker  wss giving battle to despair���������a sweating stoker who, in far-away America,  owned a pleasure craft almost as big  as the ship whose fires be had been  feeding for forty days across two seas.  | "How about the doctor?" Hartley;  asked, as I slipped my anna Into my  ooat sleeves and snatched a cap front*  a closet peg.  I "It's too late now," wai my an*  awer. "You should have reminded me.  I forgot all about him." And it was:  true. I had forgotten everything, ek-  oept the Imminence of the rescue snd;  the urgency of haste. To one In Cameron's plight every fretting minute  must count a drop of torture.  The heavens were splendid with,  troplo stars, and a faint breese fromj  the sea gently ruffled the spangled!  black harbor waters, as Hartley's!  launch, guided by a pilot of experience, headed for the twinkling lights  of the recently anchored freighter.  Silently I sat with gase straining;;  watching the indicated sparks grow!  larger and brighter, moment by mo-i  ment until at length their gleams re-j  fleeted in the waves, and their back-:  ground emerged In a great -ark;  shadow, which silhouetted itself 1(  against the less opaque sky. . j  %here she is!" Hartley cried In en-''  thnsiasm, as her funnel and masts  somberly defined themselves    above. I  the Mack of her boil.   "Well be able  ������|s ������$������ s{m|s||s ������frsfr ifr *\$ ^������������������{M$M|������������gM$M3������fr������3M}M}M3M$������������}M3������������{Nfr  loliaU bar in anot&er minute."  Then I Heard the voloa of out  helmsman ring ont and presently  there waa an answering shout from  above, snd an exchange of greetings*  succeeded by directions; and the next  moment I waa following Hartley up  a swaying rope-ladder to wbesv i  outheid lantern glowed overhead.  "Yes, Secretary to tha Governor  Oeaaral," I heard my Mend saying; as  I put foot on tbe Iron deck. "You're,  Oaptaln Murchlson, I suppose." i  The captain's affirmative was more  than deferential; It waa obsequious.  He wss not a tall man, but broad, rag*  ged and bearded, with long; powerful,  gortlla-like arms out of all propostian  to his stature.v I could readily Hums  him an ugly antagonist Unaided by  Hartley, I concluded, I should have  had small chance Indeed of success,  But the low-born Briton's respect for  oflldal authority was evidently strong  In him, and I felt that If Cameron was  aboard we should be able to effect hia  rescue with a minimum of effort   .  "I should like to see you In your  cabin. Captain," Hartley proposed, and  when we were closeted there, he con*  tinued: "There Is a report that you  have among your crew a United States  subject wbo was brought aboard,  drugged, and forced to remain aboard  against his will. His government haa  interested itself ln his behalf, and unless he Is restored at once to hia  friends serious complications will undoubtedly ensue."  The captain, despite his respect for  authority, frowned.  "There's nothing to that report, sir,"  he aald, boldly. "I'm not shanghaiing  men ln these days, sir. Every,mother's son I've got on this boat shipped  for Hong Kong, sir, of hia own free  will and accord."  "I dare aay you fully believe that  Captain Murchlson," was Hartley'a  diplomatic rejoinder, "but this time  yon happen to be mistaken. I dont  suppose you have any objection to our  Inspecting your crew, bave you? Suppose you have,both tbe watches piped  forward, and well settle this, little  business for ourselves. Mr. Clyde, here,  knows the man."  Captain Murcbison'a glance at me  was undisgulsedly venomous. Reluct*  ently be rang for his steward.  "Send the bo'sun here," he directed,  doggedly.  "Well begin at the bottom, Captain," Hartley suggested,. when tbe  boatswain, cap ln band, stood In ,tbe  doorway. "First, I want to see every  man Jack you have working In the  stoke hold."  Although tbe master gave the necessary directions I mistrusted htm. Be*  .tween tbe boatswain and himself I telt  that there was an understanding  which required neither voicing nor  ���������Ignal. And as, a little ater, we stood  on4he forward deck, under tie bridge,  and by the light of a lantern viewed  one after another of those swarthy,  grimy laborers who bad crowded up  from below, I was convinced of tbe  correctness of my Intuition. For Cameron wss not among them.  And then a chill fear gripped me.  Could s man of hia habtta and training, suddenly called upon to assume  such labor, survive Its rigors? He was  naturally robust, but he had been  weakend by an '-Uness. Might be not  ���������therefore bave succumbed to tbe strain  died, and been burled at sea? ���������  But one consideration sustained me.  In their cunning cruelty, tbe Chinese  who had arranged for his transportation must have stipulated tbat be be  delivered In China alive. Otherwise  their vengeance would not be complete. It was not likely tha, anything  had been left to mere chance. The  probabilities were that Murchlson  knew definitely what was required of  blm snd was to be well paid for his  services.  Upon hia seamed face, now, there  waa something of a sneer as, our examination concluded, he said:  "What next Mr. Hartley?"  But for a moment* Hartley, who  was standing thoughtfully with brow  contracted, bis lower lip gripped between finger and thumb, made no response. Before he spoke his attitude  changed. Quickly be bad assumed a  pose of listening lntentness. Behind  us, somewhere, a clamor had, arisen.  Voices, excited, hoarse, fremescent,  yet muffled by distance, echoed dully.  "That man, next, Captain," he said,  coolly.   "The man they're trying to'  keep below."  It may have been that his hearing  was more acute than mine, or it may  only have been a guess. I don't know.  But, whichever it was, it hit the mark.  It scored a bull's eye at long range.  Captain MurchiBon's indifference  gave way instantly to palpable uneasiness. His hands, which had . been  deep ln his coat pockets, came out as  though Jerked by springs. One of  them canted his cap from his brow to  his crown and the other clutched agitatedly at his beard. And ln that moment the riot advanced, the voices-  waxed louder and more distinct; scurrying feet resounded on the metal desk,  (To be continued.)  T. S. Baxter  *H"l"l"l'iM"t"M"l"I"t"l"l"t"l"l"l"l"t"l"i"l'il'������  Peter Wright ���������'  FURNITURE  Complete House  Furnishers  Agents for Ostermoor snd  Restmore rtsttresses  Davenport Bed  Bave yon tried our Easy Payment? Come In and talk It ever with us.  BAXTER & WRIGHT  (Successors to Hutchings Furniture Co.)  Phone Seymour 771   , 416 Main  Street  4*fl''t''M''fr'l''l''l''t''l''t''l''8''l''M''l''M  ' '1' *|' '{'������t' 't' 't' '1' '1' 't* I' 't' '1' 't' *1* 't' '1' "H"}* 't' ������t"{*'l' ������t4l ������}��������� ������$Mg44^4^4>gMJ4w{M}MJ������^MgwgMJM}, ���������}������������}��������� if. .gwg^j. lg������ ������|, ,}��������� ,{��������� .{. ���������}������ A  ::  FRANK TRIMBLE REALTY CO.  Real Estate and Insurance Brokers 1  ::  CONVEYANCING  RENTS COLLECTED  LOANS NEGOTIATED  PHONE Fair. 185 2503 Westminster Rd.  t Vancouver, B. C.  4. i|i i|i 4' 'M' 'I' 'I' 'I1 'I1 'H' 'I1 lV *V 'I1 'I1 i* lV 'I' '1' "V 'I' '1' 'I' 'I1 H'4"t"t'*t"t"t"tMi"ti*i"t"l"l"t"t"tMt"tMI'il"t'1"l"t'  PHntincT Terminal City Press, 144.  |   t #It H tI||)   2IMOT Kingsway PH������������e Fairmont 1141  ri.MMIH.IW f2t  A*   UPE   &   CO. 56HWWT,y.  We beg to call your attention to tbe  50* Reduction Sale of Wallpapers  Paints, Kalioroloe, Brnsjici, Room Moulding, Picture Frawiof etc.  Oar stock of Wallpaper comprises 27,000 rolls of tbe most up-to-date  foods, from 6e to ft 3.00 per roll.   Included in our stock are Oatmeals,  ngraina, Varnish Tiles, Tiffany Blends, Jaspe Stripes, Silk Stripes and  sirkinds of floral and conventional designs.  SPgCIAt* FOR SATURQAY, MAY i6tll  Varnish Tile Papers, reg. 40c for 20p Roll  Papers suitable for balls and living rooms, reg. 15c     6o Roll  "The Choicest  of all Choice  Waters"  A.delicious drink, an invigorating drink,,a drink that aids  instead of retarding digestion.  Such a drink is the genuine  from the volcanic  spring  in  Japan.   ���������.;:.������������������ ������������������'. ;.V y;-'., .  Doctors recommend Tansan,'  because it is the softest and  most digestible of all waters,  as well as on account of its  valuable tonic properties.-V  This explains why Tansan  drinkers enjoy better  health than those who  habitually use common waters.  Mixes Splendidly with  all Hard  Drink*  c  To be bought of all reliable  liquor dealers  THEv HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY ������Jg' Friday, June 12, 1914  THE WESTERN GALL  I  1 / .'  ...<_  Financial Standing of Vancouver ,  Every Large Banking House in Canada> arid  Mms/ oj the Big Trust Companies Have Established Provincial Headquarters  Here, With Handsome Office Buildings of Their Own  ^WT������ODAY the City of Vancouver, as one of the .  ill   leading financial centfes of tbe Dominion  \a*   of Canada, has a rating in the financial  world, according to its size, second to none  in the Dominion or in the whole continent of  America for that matter.   It has never occurred  before, possibly never will again, in the history  of city building, that such a pre-eminent place in  financial and commercial circles was attained by  a city in the short space of time which has elapsed  i since Vancouver was called into being.   The rec-  i ord of the city in financial affairs is one of which  [the citizens have every reason to be proud.   In  [all the remarkable excitement of finance which  [the very rapid growth of the city has evoked, the  fsolid, underlying basis has been conservative,  ind not to be disturbed by any speculative tendencies.    Such rapid development as Vancouver'  [has experienced might well have been attended  >y a number of financial disasters such as have  )een the fate of older and more fully established  centres.   Yet in the less than thirty years of Vancouver's life, there has not occurred an instance  )f financial wreck of widespread effect.    Any  Reverses which have chanced, have been of local  lature, and confined to one or more concerns, not  Involving the general credit of the community.  One of the best indexes of the regard Vancouver is held in, in Canada's financial circles,  san surely be seen in the attitude of the banking  Institutions of the country. Sixteen of the leading chartered banks,of Canada have head offices'  |or British Columbia" located in Vancouver. For  Purposes of local business in the city, these sixteen banks have soine forty-seven branches, making a total of sixty-three banks doing business  nth the merchants and business men of Vancouver.  The sixteen banking institutions represented  |jn Vancouver's finances have a total capital of  .100,000,000, so that the support which the city  las from such establishments quite equals that  rhich the largest cities of Eastern Canada enjoy.  [That the banks of Canada have every confidence  Vancouver's future as well as her present  Icareer is shown in other ways. Most of the principal banks have secured very prominent corners  [in the city, on main business thoroughfares, and  juite a number of them have already erected  large and handsome bank'buildings.   The fact is  that in all the upward movement of realty values  [n the buisness centre of Vancouver, the banks  lave been readiest to pay the highest prices for  .roperty.   The record stands today for the two  ugliest transfers in the city, in the purchases  lade by two banks of sites for future office  wildings.    The Royal  Bank of   Canada paid  fe5,750 'per foot for the northeast corner of Hast-.  |ngs and Granville streets, and it is the intention  >f that institution one day to erect a handsome  btructure, worthy of the prestige of the bank,  ind a fitting counterpart to the imposing and  passive structure of the Canadian Bank of Commerce on the opposite corner.'  The Dominion  tank paid $6,000 per foot for the southeast corner of Granville and Dunsmuir streets, across  from the Bank of Montreal.  Here, too, a banking  louse is to be built for the headquarters of the  istitution in the Pacific Province.  "At the present moment the magnificent   Standard   Bank  building at tbe corner of Hastings and Richards  Btreeta is approaching completion.   This is to be  >ne of the largest blocks in the city, being fifteen  stories in height and on a seventy-five foot cor-  jer.   The Merchant's Bank of Canada only last  fall completed one of the finest bank buildings  [in the city on the corner of Hastings and Carrall  Btreets, opposite the B. C. Electric RailwayCom-  oany's large   terminal  building.    Many  other  .anks have built handsome, substantial blocks  Fin the city, and several of them bave two and  loan companies which have their head offices in  Vancouver, and which were originally founded  here, have pushed their connections eastward  and to the old land, until they have branch offices  in many Eastern Canadian cities, and some of  them maintain a London office, with complete  staff and doing large business in England.  While naturally proud of, and giving prominence to those financial corporations founded and  built up by Vancouver enterprise, there must not  be overlooked the large element of Eastern finance, aside from the chartered banks, which is ,  to be found actively engaged in the city and  province. Nearly all, if not all the leading loan  companies of Eastern Canada, and not a few of  the eastern trust and guarantee corporations,  have established offices in Vancouver. Some of  them have developed very large business connections, and particularly is this true of the mortgage corporations, for with the rapid up building  of the city, there has been a demand for permanent investment funds, on first mortgages, which  appealed to these mortgage companies having  control of large amounts of just that class of  funds. If additional evidence of the regard Vancouver is held in, by financial leaders, was required, it could be found in this readiness of ultra-  conservative mortgage companies to invest their  own money in the buildings of which Vancouver  has erected so many in such a short space of time.  There has never been any hesitation on the part  of the loan and mortgage companies to accept the  securities which substantial buildings erected on  Vancouver realty offer. The limit of investment  has merely been the funds at their disposal.  What Makes Up the Volume of Trade.  Three, factors have been prominent in the  make up,of the business done in Vancouver and  British Columbia, as indicated by the turnover  of the banking houses of the city. They are -  first, the production of the natural and cultivated resources of the Province; second, the shipping and importations; third, the building and  construction being carried on, together with the  sale and purchase pf real property in the city������and  province.  It has been the habit in times past to look  upon the products of the Province of British Columbia as a somewhat unimportant quantity.  But it is worth while emphasizing the real facts  in the case. One cannot do this better, or in more  striking manner than by comparison. Take the  familiar and important grain production of the  three western prairie provinces of Canada, which  are looked on, and justly, as a most valuable asset, not only of the tWee provinces themselves,  but in the total of trade of Canada, and as being  capable of such large" increase, that one day it  will add amazingly to the wealth of the Dominion. The statement is made without fear of successful contradiction that the grain trade of the  three western prairie provinces of Canada does  not greatly exceed in value the aggregate value  of the annual production of British Columbia  from her resources, natural and cultivated.  - To point this comparison briefly, it may be,  said that in 1913 the total production of grain in  the three provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and  Manitoba, was roughly 200,000,000 bushels- A  fair price, all round, for all varieties, is 50 cents  per bushel. At that, the total value wduld be  approximately $100,000,000.  Contrasted with that splendid total the statement of British Columbia's total production for  1913 is roughly $90,824,738, a sum not complete,  for in the nature of things the full details are  more difficult to get than, such a compact return  as that "of-grain yield. But the result is" near  enough for the purposes of contrast. It also  demonstrates the value of the products of British  Columbia, and the vast possibilities for the fu-  At the Corner of Granville and Hastings Streets, Vancouver's Principal Thoroughfares  [three such buildings in various parts of the city,  lousing one or other of their branches and mak-  ig, by their solid character, permanent financial  [centres for the various localities they serve.  Trust and Financial Corporations.  Of purely local companies, engaged in trust  [company work and various branches of loan and  [financial business, Vancouver has a number;tof  concerns which compare very favorably in point  [of capital invested and magnitude  of business  [handled,-with those of any of the older cities.  In fact two or three of the well known trust and  ture, for it is at once to be'conceded that the very  slightest beginnings have been made in some of  the'most important. The four chief sources of  productive revenue in British Columbia, together  with an approximate of the value produced in  each for the year 1913 are :���������  Mining   .... $38,158,793  Fisheries  14,500,000  Lumbering ." 11,050,000  Agricultural Products   ...' -.."... 35,115,945  Total   .........................$90,824,738  These figures, as just stated, are not more  than approximate, though fairly close, and certainly conservative:1 They have been . secured  from the most reliable authorities, official and unofficial, and can, therefore, be relied on for accuracy. There are two or three points to be  noted in connection with this aggregate of wealth  production for British Columbia. One is that in  all foui lines of activity, and more particularly  in the first three, the very large proportion of  the amount involved goes in wages, in the various  processes of production, which accounts at once  for the presence of such a large percentage of  wage earning population in the city and province.  Another point, and one which cannot be too  strongly emphasized, is that in the year 1913,  when Vancouver and British Columbia shared in  a period of financial inactivity and uncertainty  with the rest of the world, yet the production of  wealth in the province showed no diminution,  and nakes a total comparing well with the returns in the o\her producing provinces of Canada. It is to be further noted that in all four of  the departments iof industrial production named,  British Columbia ia like the grain-producing  provinces, but at the beginning of her development. The total which can, and will be, added to  the wealth from the resources of the province will  be increased many-fold in the coming years.  It is not claimed that Vancouver receives the  entire volume of trade due to production of  wealth in British Columbia. But as the commercial capital, the major portion of that wealth is in  one process or other, tributary to this city. The  other two main sources from which Vancouver  derives financial activity, imports and shipping,  and construction, may be briefly summarized.  The Customs revenue collected at the Port of  Vancouver for the year 1913 were $8,920,527,  which is sufficient, though brief, indication of the  value of trade in imports. The shipping returns  are difficult to summarize, and place in total, but  the total of freight handled through the Port of  Vancouver, and responsible in dockage fees alone,  ito" say'nothing of employment in trans-shipment,  for a large net revenue, reaches to several million  tons. '  -' The construction phase of activity in business  in Vancouver and British Columbia is, and still  continues, a very large element in .finance. The  building permits in Vancouver f*r 1913, while  less than for 1912, the banner year in the history  of the city, reached the great total of $12,651,000,  inclusive of the adjoining suburban districts. Add  (tip that the railway construction actively conducted by six railways in the province, much of  which expenditure came to Vancouver in one way  o. other. The Canadian Northern Paeific Railway expended an average of more than one million per month during 1913 in British Columbia.  The figures of C. P. R. expenditure on double-  tracking the main line in the, province, and in  other large construction works are not given out,  but they easily total as much. The Kettle Valley  Railway, under construction in the near interior  is also responsible for several millions���������$10,-  000,000, was estimated by Sir Richard McBride  in a speech in the legislature last session���������and  the Great Northern Railway, with construction  and reclamation at the head of False Creek, in  this city, and with construction east pf Hope  Pass, a hundred and twenty-five miles away from  Vancouver, adds several millions also to the  amount expended on railway construction in the  near neighborhood of Vancouver- The Pacific  Great Eastern made a small beginning in 1913,  and is this year carrying on construction which is  reaching into millions of expenditure, all of  which is directly^ tributary to Vancouver- The  sixth line, the Grand Trunk Pacific, while not  directly building into Vancouver, has yet been  , the means of sending much revenue to this, city,  through the heavy outlay on tbe construction of  * its main line through the middle section of the  province. This railway construction phase of  provincial activity has still a number of years to  continue, even if no other' projects than those  now in hand are undertaken. But the development of British-Columbia has but begun.- There  are yet many miles of railway to be constructed  to serve in opening up and giving transportation to districts which have little yet done for  them.  Vancouver has shared, Is sharing, and must  continue to share in the benefits from all the vast  construction projects now in hand- The development of British Columbia's natural resources of  forest, fisheries and mines is in its infancy. Especially is that true in the mining industry, for  the day of many big smelters on the coast is  coming, and minerals not yet produced will be  mined and reduced to commercial values __  next few years.   The resources of the coast -_.-  inland waters of the. province in.fishery, wealth  ���������have b-sen but lightly touched.   The same is true'  of the lumbering industry, and the whole field of  agriculture is just opening for production.   The;,  future of Vancouver--financial and commercial;  capital, of the province-^-and Pacific pprt of the -  British Empire, is one which .justifies the civic  motto:   "By Sea and Land We Prosper.'*,/,, '������''  VANCOUVER STATISTICS  ' / ��������������������������� ' ''���������" r"*  Vancouver has 19 financial organisation! operating 61 banks. '  '" ' . <.  Vancouver industries number 178, with a cap-V\  ital investment of $22,815,375; an annual output  of $16,000,000 and an   annual payroll of   $6,-  500,000.  Vancouver's flour milling industry, still in ito *  infancy, is represented by two mills with a combined daily capacity of 675 barrels.  Vancouver   improvements   include:     Paved  streets, 49.3 miles; rocked streets, 141.5 miles;  cement sidewalks, 191.3 miles;    sewers,    153.5^  miles; water mains, 259.1 miles.  Vancouver has 111 miles of. street car tracks,  connecting with 155 miles.of interurban tracks.  During 1912, passengers to the number of 57,- '  231,118 were carried over mainland lines.  During 1912 twelve miles of dwelling houses '  were erected in Vancouver, at the rate of one  solid mile of residences each month throughout  the year.   The.average cost was nearly $2,00.00.  Vancouver lighting and. heating rates are as  follows:   Gas, $1.00 to $1.15 pefthousand feet; ".  electric power, about $20 per horse-power per."  annum; coal, $3.75 to $7.50 a ton. '  Greater Vancouver consumed 394,000,000 feet ,-  of lumber in 1912.   The total cut for the year  was 1,262,000,000 feet, of which 902,000,000 feet  were produced by the coast mills. .-  Vancouver'8 water supply of 36,000,000 gaW  Ions daily comes from, the snow-fed streams of  the C6ast Mountains near Vancouver.   The city  ,  reservoirs have a capacity of 40,000,000 gallons  in addition to this supply, and the available "  supply is 100,000,000 gallons.  Vancouver is the eastern terminus of the Can-'  adian Pacific Railway and Canadian-Australian  trans-Pacific ^ liners; the Hamburg-American and  Royal Mail Steam Packet liners from Europe via  Panama Canal and the coastwise shipping .of the  Pacific also make Vancouver an important port"  of call. ^        /*  Vancouver is the western terminus of the  Canadian Pacific Railway, Canadian Northern'  Railway, Pacific Great Eastern Railway, Great  Northern Railway, Northern Pacific Railway, and,  Chicago, Milwaukee and St- Paul' Railway.  SCHOOLS.  School enrollment, 1913  .12,990 *  Teachers on staff     368  Special Instructors-  Supervisor .Manuel Training    I  Supervisor Domestic Science     %  Supervisor Music    8  Supervisor Primary "Work    %  Supervisor Drawing     1  Supervisor Drill and Physical Culture ..   1  Musketry Instructor  ���������    j  Director of Night Classes    %  Teachers in Night Classes 49  Expenditure for 1912 (corrected) . .$1,643,287.63  Expenditure for 1913 1,192,953.74  fQUCV DEPARTMENT  >aat'ai������r   j^Vf-1  30 Officers  232 Men  14 Mounted squad  3 stations  2 Auto patrol wagons  1 Auto ambulance  1 Detective auto  1 Auto for Chief  Erecting new police  costing $175,000  Salaries from $75  per month up  FIRE BRIGADE  _ Vancouver's fire brigade js the third most_ef__  ficient in the world, coming after London and  Leipsig only, according to the reports of London  fire underwriters. The fire fighting equipment  includes 1,102 fire hydrants, 8 miles of 2 1-2-inch  hose, 4 turret pipes, 1 ladder pipe and 216 Game-  well alarm boxes.  VANCOUVER WATER 8UPPLY  Greater Vancouver has a double system of  waterworks that will supply 100,000,000 imperial  eallons a day, sufficient to meet the needs of 1,-  000,000 people.  Expenditure to date about $3.500,000.   . "'!'������������������&��������� ���������-,  \\$M>//  Aki'ir^  LVOMITf  i  6 S>  COLD  __'55'������=k3^S������9_  f  Rasters  RADIANT  WATCH  is Ibeir Lalul Production  A new Watch by a 6rm ef tab.  lUhed 4J jreari. Mailers Radiant watch it an ordinary watch  with the hands and ftrures enamelled with radium which makes  them luminous.and t hey show the  time clearly in the dark. It is a  day and NIGHT watch, intact  tbe darker tbe night the brighter  the bands and figures. With this  watch hung op in your bedroom  yen can tee the time any part- of  tbe night. It ia a speciality for  thote wbo prefer a watch different to any other. Masters' Ra  diant watch is a genuine timekeeper, fully warranted, ar.d fitted with their famous Veracity  lever movement and Solid Silver  Case*, price BOMu dolbrs),free  to any part of the worid, or on  our special foreign terms, half-  ! eaab,f8/-withorderand26/-on  delivery. Order one of thesewon-  derfulM/-RadiantWatche. now.  Solid Golrf Demi-tfuoiing UJaicfi.  Another bargain is Masters Solid Gold  Demi-Hunting Watch, a splendid production, price only 9)0/-, or 45 -with  order, and 48/ on delivery.    Special  attention is given to foreign orders.  Wtt������ttlJ WaieAa, Rings, Jrwilltry, Cut-  Itrj, Plot*, Gtamephonti, Btttt, Clothing,  Cfc.   CATALOGUE ziHll it int fret and  fttt p*ii U any mddrttt in thl ���������wtrli.  G*U Kcdiant Wttcha ������7101. _r_*;oiot  MASTERS, Ltd., RYE, Eog.  C_������-v     b^v       If the Uash-on-Delivery System is in use in your country, then  I   I    I  I      y������u nee(* on^y sem* Wf for either watch you select and pay  * \_f a aJ ���������   balance when you receive the Watch.   Hastirs, ltd., Ijt, Eiglaol  MASTERS'   LTD.  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOGUE  may be seen at  203    KINGSWAY  any day  between 8 a.m.  and 5 p.m.  Saturday till 12  noon.  Orders left with  V. Odium  r    < '���������.  f'li  _rt  ]_ .  \* v-^b,. r.^i,oaii������._  ar���������������assisrt_H4jnre���������Bsspi  ������*-WH���������������BP*-������������iPWBWS--5Wi-B"  ���������~������p-4--|p-|������PIPIWIP  psMDHPiqpiMlPMlpilHHIl  8  THE WESTERN CALL.  Friday, June 12, 1914  FOR SALE���������SACRIFICE  Double corner, good revenue, 3 blocks  from new Government Dock  $12,BOO  Good terms.  EDWARD CLOUGH  Phone Seymour 2852 441 Homer Street  I NEWS ITEMS |  San  Diego,  Calif.���������The  "Exhibits" Mast but not least, the profits of the  >yil������X'4'*4'********************  "SAFETY FIRST" J  Has been the watchword of The %  Mutual from the day it was or- %  ganized in 1868 up to the present *  time. Y  Only those forma of investment A  consistent with the absolute se- *  eurity of policyholders have been ?  adopted. %  The result is an institution that ���������{������  ia among the most stable in the ������  Canadian Financial World. $  Business in force over $87,000,000  Assets over 22,000,000  Surplus over    8,800,000  The Mutual life ot Caeada  It would be a business mistake  for YOU to place your application  with any company without consulting our Agents and familiar*  icing yourself with the model  policies issued by  CANADA'S ONLY 10T0AL  favwticatian ooata notbtac and nm  X  , Write, phone or call for rates, etc.  Wm. J. Twin, District Mgr.  OT4I9 iHtn IM|.   VUCMW.I.C.  t*. 1 ill !��������� II II II II111 I l"l 14**4  J  8T. SAVIOUR'S CHURCH.  .(Anglican.)  -   Corner of First Avenue East and  Semlin Drive, Gratutview.  Rev.   Harold "St." George   Buttrum,  B. A. B. D., Rector. ,    -  Residence, the Rectory, 2023 First  Avenue East  SUNDAY SERVICES���������Morning  prayer and Holy Communion the first  and third Sundays of the month at-11  a. ���������������; morning prayer every Sunday  a* U a..m,; Holy.Cbmmunioo 2nd and  prayer every' Sunday at 7:30 p. xa.  All heartily welcome. x  Roses  Herbaceous  Plants  for Spring Planting  ALSO  GLADIOLUS  All in first class condition.  '      Prices moderate.  Heeler's Nursery  Comer 15th & Main  PHONE Fairmont 817  St.   . ^   The Water-Mobile  The first 8-passenger WATER-  MOBILE is rapidly neaiing completion.  If you want to get in on this wonderful  invention at the present price of 60  cents per share, you must act quickly,  aa only a few shares are to be had  before the advance.   ,  THE WATER-MOBILE  UNDERWRITERS  $o$. Carter-Cottott  Building  V������tncoover) British Colombia  have begun to arrive at the Panama-  California Exposition, the first installment in the form of six Indians  from the San Ildefonso Pueblo in  New Mexico, who will be stationed  on the, "Painted Desert," the spectacular exhibit of the Santa Fe railway.  These "exhibits" are not purely-  ornamental. On the contrary, all six  Indians, led by their chief, Julian Martinez, who is distinguished by a  bright beaded waistcoat and extra  long braids of hair tipped with beaver  skin, were put to work immediately  preparing the abode for the long row  of dwellings and the stockade to surround the reservation. Not even the  opening of the Exposition on January  1, 1915, will end., their work, for all  the year they and their companions,  several strong, will be building new  dwellings on he "Desert," showing  the white visitors how the little brown  houses are tonsructed.  Details of he large Russian and  Japanese exhibits definitely arranged  for San Diego's'- great fair of 1915  were announced today by the Panama-California Exposition. Reservatons  made by the merchants of these two  countries are among the .largest in  the Foreign Arts building.  Both countries have adopted the  San Diego idea'of showing processes  rather than' products exclusively.  Consequently, ��������� the most notable'feature in Japan's exhibit will be the  weaving, and embroidery of the rare  silk costumes for which Japan ' is  famous, the hammering of he bronzes  and the laborious carving of wood  and ivory.  Similarly, one of he Russian exhibitors, Madame Vera de B lumen-  thai, will show what the peasant  woman of her country can do.  Cor.  ST. MICSUMCL'S CHURCH  Proe4wer ������m4 Piine* IMwai-4  ���������t  . JMD.  Poly cot&touidos aysry 8und������r at ��������� a.m  I Pease Pacific Foundry Limited!  . HEATING AND VENTILATING ENGINEERS  industry, little thought of it in the  past, but now well recognized and appreciated.  Production is increasing' at an extraordinary rate, while the quality of  the  product    shows  wonderful    im- j  provement.    The value  of the flock!  depends upon the production cf the'  birds selected, but the productiveness!  of any bird decreases after a certain |  age is reached.    It is very important, j  therefore, that the breeder be able ta>  tell  with   some   degree' of  certainty'  the age of the fowls which he desires'  to  retain  or  purchase  for   breeding,  purposes,   otherwise   he   will   be   exposed to the risk of having individuals  that  are  past  their  prime  and  that do not pay for their keep.  Record books have been established for horses, cattle, and many  other animals, where information  pertaining to pedigree, age, etc., are  kept for reference, but it has remained to Victor Fortfer, assistant  Dominion poultry husbandman, Central Experimental farm, Ottawa, after  much personal observation and study,  to publish a method whereby the age  of hens can be accurately estimated.  This information, which is meant  specially for the breeder, and the  judge, has been published under the  direction of the Hon. Martin Burrell,  in a profusely illustrated . bulletin;  which is No. lb>������Second series of the  Central Experimental farm. Copies  will be mailed to those who apply for  them to the Publication branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.  MANUFACTURERS  (( _*_.������,������. *_*������.*���������_������-" Steam Heaters and Ventilators for Public Buildings  nCOfl II III V       Warm Air Furnaces -r Combination* Furnaces  ���������wVISlavra-lJ        steam and Hot Wat������ Boileis. Registers .  ������������������ IA p ��������� I " Steam and Hot Water Bdhers  1U C dl      Radiators, Pipe and Fitting*.?  ��������� A.  1136 Homer St.  Vancouver, B.C.     Tel. Sey. 3230 i.  j������.*..fr.$4.fr,fr.fr.fr,|44$.>$4,fr>$M$M$M}M{M^fr.fr4_..}.C^$.4|..fr.fr^^ ���������  *% Wilson, Rsefbr  HOW TO TELL THE AGE '-:���������;>,  OF HENS AND PIGEONS  "'        -7-��������� '     -^  There has been" a great development of late years in .the Canadian  poultry industry." This development  has been brought about by many factors, chief ..among which are he. untiring and, highly successful; efforts" of  breeders; the experimental work-carried on at the various poultry plants  of the Dominion and Provincial ^Experimental farms and Agricultural  colleges, the information given put  by these institutions, the poultry.exhibits, in which the people of Canada  are now.taking a great interest, and,  JOS. H. BOWMAN  ARCHITECT  910-11 Yorkshire Building:  Seymour Street Vancouver, B. C.  i  \  Kamloona-Vanoouvor Meat Co., Ltd.  Oorm Main and Powall Sta. f840 Main Mratf  Phone Seymour 6561       , Phone Fair. 1814  for Choice Meats  of large variety and reasonable prices, this house  cannot be excelled.   It stands to the very front.  RHODES 8CHOLAR FROM VANCOUVER.  Mr. Basil Elmo Atkins of Vancouver  has been selected as the Rhodes scholar from British Columbia.' by the British Columbia   scholarship committee  which met in Victoria last week.. He  ia a son of Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Atkins,  bf 1898 Robson street, and wi]} be  years of age next.October.  He attend-;  ed the Lord Roberta School and the'j  Kins Edward High School in this city,  from which he graduated In-1906.  Af-\ $  ter two years at McGUl University College here he went to McGlll University  at Montreal, where he received hia B.  A degree with honors in 191|.  While  at Montreal Mr. Atkins took an active  part tn tennis and basketball, and as  secretary of the McOtU Union he identified himself closely with student activities.  4..1. .t..|. ���������!��������� ���������}��������� <��������� .t- ���������!��������� .|. ���������!��������� ���������! ������.|. <��������� ���������!' ���������!��������� ������������4- ���������!��������� <��������� <��������� -l-l-���������������!��������� .|.it..Milt'111"t">'t-M"i"H"H"t'l"t-������*'  South Shore Lumber Co.  LIMITED  Lumber Manufacturers  I Front St., Foot 61 Ontario St.  | PHONE Fairmont 1*4      VANCOUVER, B. C  ���������Monday, Jun������ 29, 1914. tor the construc-  of r    --      -"    ���������-  Hon of (he aforesaid Wl4ln*.  Plana, anbefftestton *������4 form of contract- can he seen and forms of ^ tender  ofcteibw.!*t theofflces. <>f,;Messrs. Perry ^  and Fowler, Architect* Vancouver, 8.C.,  ������t tbe office of Mr. Win. Kehderaon, Bee-1;  ���������+f++if^+l|.tiiHnH'>t4'f>fr*tt'M<lW  . this Pepartment.  Persons tender!  tenders  made on  ���������lifted  _  r   are   noMrted   that  will  not  be considered- unless  the, printed forms supplied, and  d  .    .printed forms suppll   .  wljth   their .actual   ulgnatwre*.  'rei  .ting their occupations and places ot  , Mdence. in the esse of Arms, tbe  actual signature, the nature of the occupation, and place 'of residence of each  member of the Arm must be given.  -.Esch tender must ne accompanied by  an accepted .cheque on a chartered bank,  payable to, tbe order of the Honourable  the Minister of Public Works, equal to  -ten per cent.-(10 p.e.) of the amount'of  the tender, which will be forfeited If  the person tendering decline to enter  into a contract when called upon to do  so, or fail to complete the work contracted for. If the tender be not accepted the cheque will be returned. *  The Pepartment does not bind Itself  to accept the lowest or. any tender.  By order,  R. C; DESROCH33RS,  Secretary.  Pepartment of Public Works,  Ottawa, May 23, 1914.  Newspapers will not be,paid for thin  advertisement If "they insert It without  authority from the pepartment.���������60651.  :   Ultimate Cost of the Qrand XrmH Pacific Ukejy to ftench fcOO, 000,000   ������  i**i*MM',M'<'d,'l"H'iH'lM,'M''l''H''H'M^  ���������l4>j..M'W',W**ltHMl*tlHlWlMllll ���������<���������<'���������?��������� .g"i"t-*t���������������!��������� *t-���������!>���������;..|..|..t..3..!���������������������������������?��������� .|*.i������<t-���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������;..  AH JU--STAJtS������D SNTOtfJlOT.  Watch Our Windows  for Bargains  Open Saturday Evenings  STANLEY & CO.  2317 Main Street  Phone Fair. WR  FOR SALE CARDS HERE  Ultimate Cost ot tbe Grand Trunk Pfttffie likely  ' to ^ottch $300,000,000.  "tn the first pamphlet issued by the-Grand Trunk-  Pacific Railway Company the following passage  occurred: ,  ' "From surveys already made, the cost of the  railway is estimated, for the Prairie section, to  be from twenty to twenty-five thousand dollars per mile, and for the Mountain section from  ' fifty to sixty thousand dollars per. mile, and the  Eastern division at thirty thousand per mile, or  a total cost for the entire main line of $123,-  500,000."  As a matter of fact, the Government's outlay on  the Eastern division down to March 31, 1914, was  no less than $143,000,000; and at least fifteen millions more will be required to complete it. The  company's expenditure on the Western half of the  ' road down to the end of March, 1913, was $86,-  000,000. We do not know what the expenditure  was down to March, 1914, but it may be put down  at $20,000,000 or thereabouts, and the company  needs twenty millions more in order to finish it.  Three Hundred Millions.  All told, therefore; the actual cost of the entire'  main line from Moncton to the Pacific Ocean will  be   at least $280,000,000, or   considerably   over  twice the amount estimated by the Grand Trunk  ' Pacific Railway in the publication referred to.  It is only fair to note that the company's estimate of the cost of its own half of tbe line, though  sadly wide of the mark, was not so atrociously  faulty as Sir Wilfrid's estimate of the cost of the  Eastern half. In his speech in the House, July 30,  1903, he made this bold assertion:  "The whole of the liability -which is incurred  by the Government for the building of the section from Moncton to Winnipeg is simply seven  years of interest. The sum total of the money  to be paid by the Government for the construction of that line of railway from Monoton to  the Pacific Ocean will be in the neighbourhood  of twelve or-thirteen millions, and not a cent  more. Now, sir, what is thirteen millions in the  year 1903? It is about the surplus of our revenue over the expenditure. The surplus this  year will pay for the construction of this road."  Double the Estimate.  The real author of this estimate was Mr. Fielding, -who subsequently revised it, and placed the  cost from Moncton to Winnipeg at sixty-one mil-;  lions.   The actual cost down to March last was,  therefore, a good deal over twice that sum.   No  single project has done so much injury as this  one to Canadian credit abroad. It is no wonder  that a liond,6h financial paper said:  "iJereafter who can believe Canadian esti-  1 mate_8_? Either the Canadians_donpt_khow what  ~they are talking about, or they deliberately try  to deceive the investor by minimizing cost in  the most outrageous manner. In any case, their  assertions should be accepted with great 'caution."  * Forth* benefit of the Western, or company,  portion of4: the line, the Dominion has already  jparapteed bonds, principal and interest, to the  "amount of $70,000,000, besides paying the difference between their selling price in London and  their face value; in addition to which it has advanced the company loans aggregating twenty-  five millions.  '  Better Terms Secured.  .. It is now tasked to guarantee sixteen millions of  bonds more; to enable the company to complete  the Mountain section, and rather than see the  work stop Ifor an indefinite period, the present  Government will do so, but oh terms more favourable to the'.country than those on which the guarantee was granted by the Laurier Administration. *  Weighed j down by a gigantic load of fixed  charges, the Grand Trunk Pacific will be of no  use to the "JVestern settler, or to any one else, as  an instrumentality for reducing rates. Mr-  Smithers, the president, on the eve of leaving London for Canada, said he would ask the Borden  Ministry either to restore -the rates which have  been reduced by the itailway Board, or to give  _the company compensation for the loss inflicted.  Yet we all Remember how laboriously the Liberal  press toiled to make us believe that the Grand  Trunk Pacific would of its own motion reduce  rates, locaf and through, when completed.  The End Not Yet  In the history of railroading there probably has  never been so conspicuous afi instance of blundering by wholesale and retail as that displayed in  connection .with this huge enterprise. And the  end is not 5rct. When the time comes for the company to take over the Eastern half, it will be  justified,' in'-view of the enormously enhanced  cost, and of other circumstances, to ask for the  revision of the terms prescribed when the conditions were altogether different from those now  existing, and the country may count itself fortunate if it is not loaded with additional burdens.  DOMINION VYOOP YARD CO.  Cor, front ������mf Ontario St*.     Pfwne Fairmont 1894  All Kiwis of WW Wood  Stored linger Cover  *t* 'I' 'I' 'I'*!1 '1' *!* 't* 'I* *1r>I' C^' 't' 'l"l' 't' 't* ��������� 'I' 't' 'I* ������3' *I"|' *3' '^M2''������' ������l' 'X' 'I**?* 'I*'I*'������' '1* 'I' *I* 'I' *������* ������t* 'S'^"!' ^"t1 'tnl' ���������I'^I'mE  , Every Telephone, Whether In Your  Office or in Your Residence, is a Long  Distance station Ready for Service  Pay ant) Niflht.  By Long Distance Telephone Service You Can Talk to Your Business  Associates Miles Away.  YOU can sell goods or buy goods.  YOU can give orders or receive*  them-  YOU can talk with your family  when away from home.  YOU can make the fastest kind  of a "flying business trip."  YOU can utilize Long Distance  Telephone Service in hundreds of  other ways���������too many to enumerate.  i  Company, Limited

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