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The Western Call 1912-02-09

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 .  /  Published in the Interests of Vancouver and the Western People  VOLUME? III.  H. H. Stevens, M.P., EDiTOR-in-Chief  VANCOUVER, British Columbu, FEBRUARY 9. 1912.  suiscnvnori $j 4 vea  IN ADVANCE   :     ^  ,'^-$������������8$.  No. 40  NOTES OF THE WEST  The recent daring hold-ups are most disquieting  and give.added force to my comments of last  week.   It is time the Banks got together and* for-  |mulated some plan to end these affairs.   What  about a reward of say $2,000.00 to the Bank clerk  [who  first  captures his man���������and a $1,000;00,  [say, for he who successfully stands his man off.  Something along these lines might do good���������  land if to this a further mechanical means of de-  pfeuee were given the Ba'nk clerk, we would soon  (sec these daring bandits go out of business.  The savagery of language adopted both by the  trabid Socialists and their opponents, although it  [hurts no one, is much to. be regretted as it can  |do no possible good, These men are not human  "offal" any more than the scribe who called  [them so��������� they are for the most part well meaning  [if misguided men whose brain pan has got a kink  j in it���������in some way���������some of their associates of  ; course are evil���������aud mean evil to the community  [from their rising up to their sitting down. Such  [are really enemies to the human race, as they do  I not favor any kind of law and order���������not even  of their own kind, which is a mere figment of  [human imagination. Wtih such I have no kind  1 of sympathy���������and it is quite immaterial if they  litre ridden down���������thrown down���������or.dumped into  I Burrard Inlet in a bunch. They are not workers,-  [never were, never will be���������but this class is far  Lin the minority���������and it has always been a great  {mystery to me why sound, clean labor men associate with them.   Cast them Out of your midst,  NE TEMERE DECREE  AND THE FEDERAL OOVERNMENT  Discussion of the famous Ne Temere Decree has waked hot, throughout the Dominion, dur-  1 ing the past year, and from every, direction the eyes of the public have been fastened on Ottawa  with the hope that this vexing question might have found a solution in an Act of the Dominion  House.   To this end Mr. Lancaster, of Lincoln,introduced the following bill:  1.   The Marriage Act, chapter 105 of the Revised Statutes 1906, is-amended by adding thereto the following section:  "3. Every ceremony or form of marriage heretofore or hereafter performed by  any person authorized to perform any ceremony of marriage by the laws of the place  where it. is performed according to such laws, shall everywhere within Canada be  deemed to be a valid marriage, notwithstanding any differences in the religious faith  of the person so married and without regard to the religion of the person performing  the  ceremony.  "2.   The  rights and duties, as  married people, of the respective persons married  as aforesaid, and of the children of such marriage,  shall  be  absolute  and  complete,  .. * ��������� ip ,* ������������,***,*,*,*, * ,*������  $  that organized labor has. Capital is a shy bird���������  asily scared away���������and I know of two big jobs  put aside last week by reason of the probable  [unrest which looms up from the I. W. W.'s.  Whilst the Provincial Government's policy towards the Peace River Railway seems to be in  abeyance, it will not be amiss to warn the public,  of the danger of losing public control of this line  lit the outset.  This has been brought forcibly to mind by see-  ing.^an account of the vast, sums���������something like  $280,000,000���������railways have cost Canada, without  her obtaining rate control.  Even the Government line, the Intercolonial, is  made to run between comparatively non-traffic  points.  Again the C. P. R. charter provides for their  returning' to the public any earnings over 10%,  which they carefully avoid by sinking in subsidiary companies. The question arises, should this  be allowed in future?  The death of Lord Wenlock, the Queen's Vice  Chamberlain, is of more than passing interest to  Canadians, as he had a host of friends and acquaintances in the Went, having been in 'his  younger days a mighty Nimrod. Personally his  demise calls to my mind a fair English lawn, in  the sweet West Countree, .when sitting watching  his henchmen "avoiding" work, the deceased  peer's uncle, the Reverend Honble. Stephen Law-  ley, one time Vicar of Escrick and sub-dean  of York, used to regale me with anecdotes and  I yarns of his early life.  *    Oftentimes we would be joined by his brother  Francis, who was a famous sportsman and author  of "the Druid." the well 'known  and much  prized turf book.  This was the self-same Francis Lawlcy who was  the Daily Telegraph's special correspondent during the siege of Paris, and the writer has always  regretted never having made careful notes of his  many entertaining hair-breadth stories. It was  his experiences during the American Civil War,  however, that links up his family name with this  continent.  Francis Lawley was "The Times" cor-  |    respondent  and related  to  me  one  day how  ;���������"Stonewall" Jackson got his cognomen.  I have forgotten at this space of time the exact  right date, but at al events it was during a hot  engagement when some Confederate raw troops  were about to make an assault on an entrenched  position. The, northern bullets were whistling  uncomfortably close over the attacking force and  many men being probably under fire for the first  time involuntarily ducked their heads as the bullets went whistling by.  "Halt your men," roared Jackson to the commander of the "duckers." Riding up, he rapped  out in withering scorn, "Damme! If I see another  ^man duck under fire I'll halt the troop here all  day." Then steadying his men, "Go at them like  "stone walls," roars Jackson, and "Stonewall"  Jackson he became for all time.  * I have heard the. late Dean Stephen Lawley recount many stories of a certain grim old aunt,  who could never stand the nouveau riehe parading their family tree. She would always cut into  such discussions with a deep curtsey, saying, "La-  man, "When AVilliani .the Bastard came (William  I.) he found the Lawleys or La-leas���������as she pronounced it���������at home J' thus proudly pointing to  her Saxon ancestry.  Their ancient family seat of Much Wenlock,  whence the late peer's name is taken, was once  a fine old place. I promise myself a pilgrimage  there one day. also to Escrick, where one of nature's finest noblemen, one of the sweetests lovable  nature's God put into human frame, is laid at  rest beneath the English green he loved so well, f  Peace to his ashes. T  and no law or canonical decree Or custom 01 or in any province in Canada shall have'  an i force or effect to invalidate or qualify any such marriage or any of the rights of the  said persons or their children in any manner whatsoever."  Now, in some respects, it was uufortunate that this bill was introduced, as it was by Mr.  * Lancaster. In the first place he ignored, to. a large extent, the government, and, on his own responsibility, framed this bill. He was quite within his rights, as a private member, in so doing,  < ��������� but it is not always wise for a member to ignore the balance of the House, upon whom he must  ultimately depend for the success of his bill; unfortunately, however, this is characteristic of Mr.  Lancaster, and the net result was that his bill was not accepted by the House. It was not turned  down because he had failed to consult the Government, but because in the form in which it was  introduced it was ultra vires of the Parliament. This is?where Mr. Lancaster, in his usual anxiety  to gain personal credit, made a mistake Jhnd jeopardised, not only his bill, but also the welfare of those who were so anxious that something should be done.  The bill was ultra vires of the Dominion House because in the British North American Act,  ������ ^     ^oii m ^ vuv _ ^t        the power to solemnize marriage had been given to the'Provinces, at least this was the view ex-  my" Labor friends���������they are"the"greatesV*en7mlies    I pressed by most of the leading lawyers of the country;; hence, it was concluded, it would be un-  ���������   -    ������������������ -���������         ,   wise to pass the bill proposed by Mr. Lancaster.   The Government had already prepared to submit *  ** the whole question, of power to control, to the Supreme Court of Canada, and then on to the  Privy Council.  Another point about this bill, which should be. observed, is that it does not realise the objeot  "which it* mover h������4 ta view. It still would leave the old sore of provincial control, and the constant possibility of renewed dispute. " It is regretable that so important a question should have  been assumed by one person as his personal right; this is what really occurred, in that others were  prevented from interfering or introducing other more suitable measures. The question is to go  to the privy Council and will in time be ruled upon, but this will only determine the question of  right. -^ _  The discussion provoked by the bill has, however, had some beneficial effects; it has clarified  the atmosphere of many gross misconceptions and placed ^Parliament, at least, in a position where  members will be able to discuss the question dispassionately.  It was dearly shown and accepted by all present, that the Ne Lemere Decree had no effect  or force legally, except when incorporated in the civil statutes.  One of the most moderate speeches '  delivered on the question was that of the Hon. Mr. Pelletier, the Postmaster General, an ardent  Roman Catholic and French Canadian.   His remarks were most moderate aud produced a profound  effect on tbe House.  The Premier, Mr. Borden, made a careful aud deliberate statement as to his opinion and won <  the complete confidence of the House as to the wisdom of his course, with the exception of a few������  who had committed themselves to Mr. Lancaster's bill.  Another speaker, a liberal, Mr. Clark of Essex, also gave a very lueid explanation from another standpoint.  While it is a matter for regret that the question could not be settled at this time, yet we can  be assured that the first step has been taken to reach a solution which will be much more satis- ������  factory than it would have been had this bill passed.  f ******���������**���������*************���������** ��������� *"***+*<+<t>-������*'*'<i'������**'********************* +**���������* 1 *t********' *  ORANGEMEN REBUKE "WORLD"  The resolutions adopted by the Orangemen in  their County Lodge, touching the attitude of the  "World" re the I. W. W. demonstrations and  Mayor Findlay's course, may be read on another  page.  The paper in question and its acknowledged  head should take notice and make suitable amends  for their brazen folly and effrontry in attacking  the Mayor and taking sides with the lawless. The  electors that placed Mr. Findlay in office knew  what they were doing and they stand by him now  notwithstanding the weak, unwarranted threat of  a demand for his resignation. Vancouver has  changed mayors and rejoices in the change. The  attitude of the "World" is an insult not only to  Mayor Findlay but the citizens who elected him  and approve of his administration.  The "World" is responsible for its attitude  and should regard the resolutions as a stinging  rebuke for its insolence.  **���������* *���������* * **** *���������*���������* *���������* *���������* *���������**<*>***>*���������*���������������������������*>���������*���������* *���������**���������*+���������*'* **���������*���������������*������������������*���������*���������* ���������������* *���������**>���������>  B. C. LUMBERMEN AND NORTHWEST FARMERS  PENDRAGON.  For some time past the liberal members from the Prairie Provinces have been threatening  the Dominion Government with all manner of dire happenings, if they did not cancel the ruling  of the Tariff Commission on item No. 505 of the Tariff schedule. This item imposes a duty of  25% on all lumber dressed on more than one side. For some years past, it has been customary  for American lumbermen to evade this duty, by roughing one edge with a fine saw; this was  discovered by a customs inspector and the question referred to the Tariff Commission last August for a ruling. Their ruling was to the effect that it was dutiable, and was given in October,  just after the accession to power of the present Government.  It might be here stated that the Tariff Commission is a non-political body, who sit monthly,  and rule on disputed points in existing statutes, but have nothing to do with making or amending  the tariff. '       .    " ' ' ��������� j  The opposition seized this point as an opportunity to attack the  Government,  and charged  them with increasing the duy on lumber to. the Northwest farmer, and are seeking, by false state-  ��������� ments, to lead the farmers to believe that such is the ease.  Three of the B. C. members, Messrs. Good-eve, Taylor and Stevens, gave a full and lucid  explanation of the whole problem, but only succeeding in securing from the Northwest members  more extravagant statements. ��������� One member, Mr. Knowles of Moose Jaw. in reply to Mr. Good-  f; eve, who claimed that B. C. had bought $14,000,000.00 worth of farm products from the Prairies  ~* last year, stated that "B. C. could put its market in its pipe and smoke it, for all he cared."  This is a fair sample of the statements made by the. Prairie members, who, as stated, were seeking i:o harass the Government, rather than remedy a grievance.  It is clear, however, that there will be a hard struggle, in the House at the next session  f, when the tariff is revised. The Northwest have a definite policy of free trade, and as the  i chief industry is wheat growing they contend that they have no need of protection.  If the farmers of the Prairies continue to grow wheat, to the exclusion of other farm pro- t  ducts, they will, at not very distant date, impoverish the land in a similar manner to that of the *  Middle Western States. On the other hand, if they will develop more "mixed" farming, they *  will soon realize the necessity of a moderate tariff. At present they see nothing but wheat, and J,  are indifferent alike to their own future and other sections of the country. I  ������������t .������������������������������������������ ********************** ***** ***,**���������t******* .*,*���������*****,*****,*.*, *, ������������i-  r*  NOTES ON CURRENT EVENTS  Free Speech. There is no right, human or divine, for free speech any more than for free act.  When a man performs an act with hand or foot  which transgresses law, the very spirit and foundation of law, then the owner of hand or {got  must bear the results of transgression. Thess  noisy men who are bawling so loudly for fine  speech must know that the tongue is but an organ  of the body similar to the hand or foot. When  the tongue crosses and breaks the Jaw, and its  most sacred spirit, then the owner of the tongue '  must give an account of the doings of that unruly  member.  When a lot of aliens, anarchists and extreme,  ignorant socialists and I. W. W.'s attempt to  teach treason, political disruption and ECONOMIC ASSASSINATION, it is time for the owners  of these tongues to learn a lesson. If they will -  not learn otherwise, then the policeman's dob,  the lash, and later on the "CAT" must come their  way. In the midst of these street paraderg, and  howlers for "free speech," are the thugs, hold-  ups, tramps, unwilling workers, hosts of aliens,  and a small sprinkling of men who are ptrong  enough to follow their own good sense, and refuse  to be seen in the company of the noisy lawbreakers.  Who Will Bala?  The above-named rioters are not 5 per cent of  our bona fide citizenship. My question is this:  Shall our 95 per cent put up with these economic  troublers indefinitely, or call a halt?  Our police are doing splendid work in an orderly and effective manner. Our Mayor and Aldermen are citizens imbued with the" spirit of out  empire,' of justice, maintenance of law and order, and the putting down of crime and criminals.  Who will rule? Why, we: the true citizenship  of Vancouver. Let the alien rowdies from the  States or elsewhere come, if they are foolish'and  ignorant enough, A bitter lesson is in store for  these blatherskites. Behind our laws, our BRITISH LAWS, are the police. Behind the police are  -our solidiers. And behind them are the massed  citizenship, greater than any or all of tbe foregoing. And they stand for enforcement of law.  Ours is a citizenship that may be .patient, and  may move slowly to give effect to their convictions. Rut when they move they are irrepressible  and'out must go the noisy, blatant aliens, or get  down into quietude most effectively.  The patience of Vancouver, when once broken,  would become a power that would quickly crush  the noisy "free<-speech" seeking hordes.  In their speeches they call their listeners  4' slaves." This is a terrible irony. And yet they  speak truth who so speak. The poor, weak, ignorant, law-despising crowds that follow the  "Wind-Jaramers" are slaves to the worst elements of humanity. Will they ever see this fact ?  The If get of f*toT**chtog.  All men of thought must know that the teaching  of the young or others has much to do with their  actions. As a man sows so he reaps. As men  gather and assimilate that sowing, so they reap.  As they sow and reap, so are they. The bad seed  oswn of late years is now giving a worse crop of  rottenness than has ever come to triUy civilised  countries before. In the name of "free speech"  men are aiming at tbe worst kind of license. Sap-  pose these men demand "Free" acts of the hands  and feet, how would we see the matter? This  is exactly what they arc demanding. They ask  and demand the unlicensed use of the tongue, so  as to prepare for a free and unlicensed use of  hands and feet.  These men must not get one whit more freedom  of the tongue than of hand or feet. The hands  and feet are organs of the body.   So is the tongue.  The Daily World seems to be giving as much of  its space and time to the assistance of these lawbreakers as it is possible. The language of this  daily paper is not one whit more dignified, law-  abiding, or helpful to the safety of the community  than the average speeches of the leaders of our  present law-breakers.  So long as Mr. L. D. Taylor is supposed to be  at the head of that Anti-British paper, so long  will the people of Vancouver suspect' that he is  not only in sympathy with the late lawlessness,  but that he is in too close a touch with the "main  springs," -somewhere near the fountain.  When the electorate put Mr. Taylor into, the  chair of the Chief Magistrate, they did not kfnow  him, or he has changed since. During this last  year he has been seen in his true colours, and has  been left at home by the vote of the best citizens  of all parties, including hosts of workmen. And  by the way, I am sure that eighty per cent of our  citizen workmen are as law-abiding as the best in  the city. They are not in sympathy with the  noisy, law-bareaking aliens and traitors in our  midst. However, they should go a litle further  and clean out their Unions, and they can do it,  if they go at it, all traitors to law and order, and  make it impossible for any man or men in Vancouver to repeat the late flag-tearing incident.  The paltry few who are in sympathy with the  late attempts at mob, brute force have not votes  enough to amount to anything in any election in  Vancouver. Moreover, these friends of Mr. Taylor are declining in power and influence annually.  These last series of acts will sink them deeper,  in contempt than ever before.  Let Mr. Taylor, Mr. Pettipieee. Kingsley, Mr.  MeVctty and other respectable citizens shake off  the rabble attached to them; and for every rowdy  they .ierk out. three respectable, true workmen  will be found on their side. I am in close touch  with large numbers of real workmen, and every  man of them with whom I have talked condemn  the late actions of the rabble.  " %  V*'  rr-.v  4��������� i?fs*''  jC 'J<J  ���������i,  -' Tk  ft   ;  \*1.  v  r%\ ���������^TVQ NTffCTXSff M STHX  9********1*4***1*******1**   ***************l'*********4  ������������������!���������'..  Carpenter's Too s  vVe have the most complete stock of Carpenter's Tools  in Grandview and we sell at OTY PRICES.        We sell to  ������ive our customers satisfaction, all our tools being uncon-  itionally guaranteed.      Come and look over our stock.  DEBATE ON IHE NE TEMERE DECREE  By Eminent Statesmen, Particularly Hon. R. L. Borden (Prime Minister)' Sir Wilfrid  Laurier aud Hon. L. P. Pelletier (Postmaster General)  !! Jap-a-Lac *  your chairs, tables or floors got damaged during Xmas excitement, you  cannot do better than use the above  varnish stain,       It is easy to put on, drys quickly and also  drys hard.      WATCH OUR WINDOWS.  ii 1714-1716 Park Drive       Phone: Seymour 8691;:  BRANCH STORE COLLINGWOOD E.       Phone 19 :  !��������� 1������1������I ��������� I������1 ***************   ******* 1*4***4************  PHONESi  Office Seymour 864  Res. Seymour 21791  Office: 108-109 Ddson Block  25 Bstlngs Stree. East  A. M. BEATTIE  Auctioneer,  Appraiser and Notary Public for British Columbia  General Real Estate, Mining Broker, Financial Agent  ******** Hit **************  ���������!��������� it- ���������!' ���������!> <' ���������!' -t- * ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� -8- <��������� ���������!' ������������������������ ���������!��������� ���������!��������� 'I-S' ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� -I"!  I The Reliable Sheet Metal Works;  :    3127 Westminster Rd. Phone: Fairmont 868   ;  Gbrti'fces, Jobbing and Roofing  FURNACE WORK A SPECIALTY.  C. Errington C. Magnone   J  ifi|i|.ipi|il nil ttttttf rtl'+t-T-r ������������*K^������'i"i''t"t"i":":''t"t''t"tiif'^ ******  1  ******i**4**4>i>***n''"l''i''l"l* i*************!***********  : CORNER  ', I Orug Store  AVENUE and MAIN STREET  For DRUGS and PRESCRIPTIONS  Call Fairmont 5*4  ; Stationery, Magazines, Toilet Articles, Cigars  ami Tobacco.  4. R. PARLINO���������Vow Druggist  ������������������IhImMiA *** * * * ****** u< ** 4"V * 4>   *>**********************+���������**  1***********4 * ************ **************************  PWONJS  r^AIKMONT  510  The Don &$s$&  2B4B Main $1, 9*i*toro from 11 tH *%*���������  99909  We hsvs p good clean selection ot  Chocolates, Candies and Table fruits  We h������ve ������ big line of Cigars. Cigarettes and Tobacco to choose from  Agents for Woman's Bakery Bread and Confectionery.  Milk, Cbeam, BirrTERWLK and Bottbr Fresh Dailv.  MiMHIIfHlHHIIIIMH   **************************  gt*t**9mtm*y*i I   1*1111'  The Buffalo Grocery  The House of Improvement  Groceries  Fresh, Best in Quality, Abundant in Quantity  The Kind that Please.  Vegetables,   Provisions,   Eggs  Butter, etc., at Lowest Prices.  Cor. Commercial Drive & 14th Ave.  J. P. SINCLAIR, Prop.    PHONE: Fairmont 1033B  ������������>���������������������������������.  . ������ i<. >  Mr. BORDEN (Prime Minister). The  subject which the has. gentleman  (Mr. Lancaster) has brought to our  attention is undoubtedly a very important one. ��������� The marriage relation  is the whole basis of our civilization;  and it is concerned with the moral and  religious life of the whole people. Upon the validity of the marriage depends the sanctity" of the home, and  the establishment of the relation is  concerned with the duty etoi ao nini  concerned with the every day affaire  of life in the way of the descent and  transmission of property; and in that  way aB well as in the way I have first  mentioned it, it touches most nearly  the everyday life of the people. I concur entirely with my hon. friend in  this respect, that the most important  consideration of all is absolute certainty as to the form to establish the  relation. It is perfectly evident to all  of us that the law should, as far as  possible, be absolutely certain and  plain. The basis of the marriage relation, as every one knows, Is the consent of the parties; and in all civilized  countries rules of law have been enacted by which the marriage relation  must be established and can only be  established by certain formalities ana  by means of certain ceremonies. It has  been the aim and object, I think, of all  legislation that publicity, as far as  possible, should be given to the establishment of the relation in order that  fraud and imposture may not be practiced. Now my hon. friend, in the  very able address which he has delivered, has spoken of the relation of  church and state in this country with  regard to this matter. So far as that  is concerned, every one of us knows  that under the laws of ��������� Canada, and  under the laws of every province in  Canada, the decree of any church cannot invalidate the civil law. That is  perfectly manifest. And if the decree  or the rules of any church have any  effect, as far as the civil law is concerned, it must be by reason of the  laws of Canada or the laws of some  province of Canada giving effect to  that decree, or those rules. But it is  necessary for us to remember that in  a country that has a Federal constitution, as Canada has, the state for certain purposes and in certain other respects, means the executive government and parliament of Canada, and  for other purposes and in certain other respects, the state means the executive government and legislatures of  the various provinces of Canada. My  hon. friend has referred to the decision upon the validity of marriage in  the province of Quebec. Undoubtedly  important questions have arisen and  have been decided in that province.  These questions, so far as ' I understand the decisions of the courts of  that province, have principally arisen  in respect to the marriage of two  Catholics before a Protestant clergyman or in respect to the marriage of a  Catholic and a Protestant before a  Protestant clergyman. As I understand  the result of these decisions, they are  as follows:  By some judges the marriage of two  Catholics in the province of Quebec  by a Protestant clergyman has been  such marriages have been held inval-  held valid; by other judges, however,  id-   The question has arisen entirely  upon the construction    of the Civil  Code of the province of Quebec.   The  ground upon which those judges have  proceeded who hold that the marriage  of two Catholics before a Protestant  clergyman is valid,  would, as I understand tbe law of Quebec���������and   I  speak with all deference, because I do  not pretend to be very familiar with  the law���������those judgments proceed upon reasoning   Vrhlch   would    render  equally invalid tbe marriage of   two  Catholics If performed before a Catholic prieet who was not   the parish  priest of the parties, or who was not  authorized by him.    The rule, aB I  understand,  that has  been  administered in the province of Quebec is that  two Catholics must be married before  the parish priest, or before some person  who  has been  authorized,  with  certain     formalities,  by the    parish  priest; therefore the marriage by some  other Catholic priest in that province  would be jUBt as Invalid as the marriage before a Protestant clergyman  in the province of Quebec.   There pre  decisions in the province of Quebec  which hold that the marriage of two  Catholics before a Protestant clergyman in that province is a perfectly  valid  marriage, although, as  I  have  said, there are other decisions which  arrive at a precisely opposite conclusion.    Now, speaking with deference  to the views which my hon. friend who  has just taken his seat (Mr. Lancaster)  entertains with regard to decisions of  that kind, I have always understood,  and I have been so informed by members of the bar of Quebec who have  carefully considered the question, that  the marriage of a Catholic and a Protestant before a Protestant clergyman  in that province has always been held  valid under the law of that province.  Now my hon. friend has introduced a  Bill to which he has called attention at  considerable length, but at none too  great a length, in view of the importance of the subject, The first paragraphs of his Bill is in these words:  "Every ceremony or form of marriage ceremony heretofore or hereafter  performed by any person authorized to  perform any ceremony of marriage by  the, laws of the place where it Is performed, and duly performed according  to such laws, shall everywhere within  Canada be deemed to be a valid marriage, notwithstanding any differences  in the religious faith of the persons  so married and without regard to the  religion of the person performing the  ceremony."  Now, as I understand the object of  my hon. friend and the language of his  tinx, he desires to provide by a statute  of Canada that a marriage of two persons before any person authorized to  perform the ceremony in any case,  should be valid, although, according  to the laws o- the province that ceremony between these persons ought to  be performed before some other official. In other won'.s, if the legislature  of the province of Quebec should enact  that a Protestant in that province must  be married by a Protestant clergyman,  the object and intent of my hon.  friend's bill would be to provide that  if those persons ( notwithstanding the  law of the province, were married by  some other official authorized to perform the ceremony of marriage in any  case, that marriage would be valid, although according to the laws of that  province it would not be valid. I understand that is the object of my hon.  friend's bill. Now, taking a further illustration: If in the province of British Columbia a law were passed that a  person of European descent, or a Japanese, or a Hindu, should be married  with certain formalities before a certain' official, that marriage, if performed by some other official in contravention of the law of the province  would be valid under this statute  passed by the Parliament of Canada.  That, as I understand it, is the object  and intention of the Bill which my  hon. friend has placed before this parliament.  Mr. LANCASTER. That is what I  mean so far as religion goes, yet it  does not deal with differences of nationality. I am dealing only with religious differences.  Mr.   BORDEN.    I    beg  my    hon.  plenary and as ample within the limits described by section 92 as the Imperial parliament in the. plenitude of  its power possessed and could bestow.  Within these limits of subject and  area the provincial legislature is supreme, and its jurisdiction exclusive.  (b) Tbe formalities prescribed by a  provincial legislature as necessary to  constitute a valid marriage seem undoubtedly within the meaning of the  word "solemnization." It thus appears  that with respect to those formalities  the Jurisdiction of the provincial legislatures is exclusive.  (c) The opinion of the late Minister  of Justice, Sir Allen Ayleswortb, the  opinion of the present Minister of Justice, and the opinion of the Deputy  Minister of Justice, Mr. Newcombe, K.  C, are to the effect that legislation  such as that now proposed is not within the legislative competence of the  par.,ament of Canada.  (c) To the same effect is the opinion of an eminent lawyer of the Ontario bar whose opinion upon the case  submitted I will lay upon the table for  the information of the House.  (e) On the other hand the hon.  member who has introduced this Bill  is himself a lawyer of eminence and  great experience and he is strongly of  opinion that this Bill is within the  competence of parliament. Other lawyers who are members of this House  entertain the same view. While I do  not share that opinion, I am bound to  respect it.  In view of these considerations it  seems desirable that the question  of the legislative competence of parliament to enact such a Bill should  be submitted for the opinion of the  highest tribunal in the empire. The  whole basis upon which the proposal  to enact this Hill rests is the validity  of certain marriages and should be  placed beyond question. If I understood my hon. friend in the opening  part of his speech he said that the  whole evil was the uncertainty. But  if the power of parliament to enact  that legislation itself is in, grave  question, the result desired cannot  be attained. The government has  therefore determined to submit for the  opinion of the Supreme Court of Canada the question as to the legislative  competence of parliament to enact this  Bill, and any further question necessary to define clearly the power of  parliament to legislate in such matters. The caBe will be carried on appeal to tbe judicial committee of the  Also large variety of  POULTRY SUPPLIES  Fresh stock of  PRATT'S  POULTRY FOOD  OUR BEST FLOUR  F. T. VERNON  Flour and Feed  V  Broadway and Westaitster Road  PHONE: Fairmont 1,86  Prompt Delivery  Satisfaction Guaranteed.  J  Office Phone:  Seymour 9416  i  Res. Phone:  Fairmont !������������������#  Fairmont Transfer Co.  ExpresstDray  friend's pardon, perhaps I did not put Privy Council in order that a final and  his argument quite fairly. I was dealing, authoritative determination may thus  with the constitutional aspect of the  case, and am coming to the other aspect in a moment. If I am right, so  far as the constitutional aspect of the  case is concerned, such a bill would be  just as good law, and would confer  just as full power to override that  statute of the province of British Columbia, as would he legislation now  proposed. I think my hon. friend will  legislature should pervadeid'st shdr un  agree with; me in that regard. Or if, in  any province of Canada, a provincial  legislature should provide by its law  that the marriage of a white person  and a colored person. should be performed with certain formalities and  before a certain official, it would  me competent according to the view  which my hon. friend has so ably argued, for this parliament to declare  that the marriage of these persons, if  celebrated before some other officia in  contravention of the laws of the province, should nevertheless be valid. Now  the question arises as to whether the  Parliament, of Canada possesses the  power to override provincial legislation in that regard and to that extent.  now I would like to submit in respect land,  to that matter the following considerations :  (a) By the Canadian constitution  as embodied in the British North  America Act, section 92, subsection 26,  the exclusive legislative authority  of the Parliament of Canada extends to and include marriage  and divorce. The constitution  declares, however, in. Bection 92,  suo-8ection 12 of the same Act, that in  each province the legislature may exclusively make laws in relation to the  solemnization of marriage in the province. It is perfectly clear that the  words "marriage and divorce" would  include the solemnization of marriage  if that subject had not been assigned  to the exclusive jurisdiction of the  province under the language just  quoted. The result has been expressed  by the Judicial Committee of the Privy  Council in these words:  be obtained. Pending such determin  ation it is not desirable that the Bill  should be proceeded with, and accordingly I move that the debate be adjourned.  Furniture and Piano  ^   Movers  Addresses ���������"  504 12th Ave. L   136 Alexandra St.  Bulbs  Tulips,   Crocuses,   Lillies,  Hyacinths,  Narcissus, etc;    uleo Flowers  and Plants in season.  KEEPER'S NURSERY  Cor 15th Ave. & main St.  PHONE : Fairmont 817R  Solemnation of marriage in a  province is enumerated among the  classes of subjects under section 82,  and no one can doubt, notwithstanding the general language of section 91,  that this subject is still within the exclusive authority of the legislatures of  the provinces.  It has also been held by the Judicial  Committee of the Privy Council that a  provincial legislature has authority as  Right hon. Sir WILFRID LAURIER  (East Quebec). The hon. gentleman  who has just addressed the House  (Mr. Burnham) made some remarks  upon the attitude of the opposition  on this Bill. He should know���������at all  events I know���������that it is never wise  for anyone to interfere in family quarrels; and that is why we on this side  have waited to see what would be*the  attitude of tbe government and its sup-  uorters on this question. There has in  this matter, It seems to me, a great  deal of misconception as to the effect  of what is known as the Ne Temere  decree. That decree is not new. It is  simply a modification of the Tametsi  decree of the Council of Trent which  has been in force some three hundred  years. There has been misconception  in this House as regards this ecclesias.  tical legislation. We are told it was  intended to override the law of the  I take absolute exception to  that. The Tametsi decree, and later  the Ne Temere decree, is simply a  rule of conduct to be followed by the  members of the Catholic Church. It  does not pretend to impose its views  on those who do not belong to that  church. Its object is simply-to prevent  clandestine marriages. In the province of Quebec today, according to  the terms of tbe Tametsi decree as  modified by the Ne Temere decree  now in - force���������it was not in force  when the decisions were given which  were referred to by my hon. friend���������  if two Catholics marry, they must  marry before the parish priest and  publicly���������not only before the priest  but before at least two witnesses. I  was surprised this afternoon when I  heard the hon. member for Lincoln  (Mr. Lancaster) refer to an interview  given by Father Comeau of St. Mary s Church in Winnipeg. I thought  that interview was not correctly reported, and was more than surprised  when I heard my hon. friend state  that Father Comeau had himself corrected the proof-sheets. With all due  deference to Father Comeau, I must  say, that if he be correctly reported  as having said that he would celebrate marriage secretly, that is not,  as I understand it, the law of the  church. If there is anything the  Church abhors it is secret marriages;  (Continued on Page 3)  1************************1  FOR FIRST QUALITY  Flour, Hay and Feed i  OF ALL KINDS  GO TO  OLLIS  BROS.j  You will receive courteous  treatment. Prompt attention given to all orders.  MAIH ST.  BETWEEN 2*tb and 27th AVES. '.  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WICKENS  The People's Cartage  Main Street and Bod well Road  Phone: Fairmont  1544  DISCISSIONS ON NE TEMERE DECREE  (Continued from Pa$e2)  and the very language of the Tametsi  and Ne Temere decrees 1b simply to  prevent secret marriages by making  sure that all parties married within  the Church shall be married publicly:  My right hon. friend, the leader of  the government, said correctly that  decisions given in the province ov  Quebec have been given in cases of  marriage between Catholics and Prot-  testants 'based on the distinction  whether the marriage was between  Catholics and.Protestants or between  Catholics alone. The. Council of Trent,  so far as my Information goes, was  never promulgated in France, and,  therefore, never had the force of law,  so far as civil effects are concerned,  but many of its dispositions were introduced by the kings of France into  their legislation.  And all the dispositions of the Council of Trent with regard to clandestine  marriages were introduced by the  kings of France into the laws for the  government of America. In this way  they were introduced into the province  of Quebec and they have been in force  there for 300 years. There is nothing  new in the Ne Temere decree, as 1  understand it, except on one point. It  provides that a marriage to be valid  must be celebrated by the parish  priest of the parties, and the idea  according to tbe . Ne Temere decree  is that parties become parishioners  only after one month's residence within the parish. And, as stated by the  hon. member for East Hastings (Mr.  Northrup), these dispositions are eminently wise. They prevent clandestine marriages; and I am sure we all,  whether on this side or on that side  of the House, whether Catholic or  Protestant���������^everybody must agree  that the prevention of clandestine  marriages is most wise. Similar provision is made under the civil law of  France today. A marriage to be valid  must be performed before the mayor  of the locality in which the parties  reside, and after due publication.  Now, there is one thing I would like  to make very plain. We have had in  this matter, perhaps, too much passionate discussion. Let us endeavour  to be free from passionate discussion,  to be free from prejudice, whether we  are Protestants or Catholics, and simply loo kat the question from the point  of view of our common Canadian citizenship. There has been an impression that the Ne Temere decree was  intended to override the authority of  His Majesty the King and the Parlia  ment. As a Catholic I protest against  any such interpretation. There is no  such intention. The Ne Temere decree does not go beyond setting forth  rules binding upon the conscience of  Catholics. It is not intended to be a  civil law. It is for the civil authorities, if they choose, to give civil effect  to its provisions.  Mr. MACLEAN (York). But will  the right hon. gentleman say that the  effect of the decree is not to affect  the rights of the parties to a mixed  marriage?  Sir WILFRID LAURIER. No. If a  Catholic in the Province of Ontario is  married according to the provisions of  the civil law of the province, even  though it be contrary to the provisions  of the Ne Temere decree, he is civilly  married, his children are legitimate,  and his marriage will carry all its effects. Is that plain? But the Catholic  who is married contrary to the provisions of the Ne Temere decree may  be penalized according to the laws of  his church. In his conscience he is  outside hiB church. But. as I understand it���������and I am Biire I am right in  this���������it does not go beyond the conscience of the Catholic. In the Province of Quebec it has been understood  that the civil authorities have given  effect to the religious ordinances upon  this subject. How far the civil laws  of the Province of Quebec affect the  question is now in controversy before  the courtB. I, for my part, cannot support the Bill because its provisions  seem to me to be absolutely illogical,  in my humble judgment, the mover of  the Bill (Mr. Lancaster) has not approached the subject in the dispassionate manner in which it should be approached.  Mr. LANCASTER. Will the right  hon. gentleman (Sir Wilfrid Laurier)  tell the House some thing I said which  was not dispassionate?  Sir WILFRID LAURIER. Yes, the  hon. gentleman referred sneeringly to  the opinion given by Sir Allen Ayles-  worth, the former Minister of Justice.  And two or three times the hon. gentleman stated���������and in a tone the object of which was manifested���������that  this opinion of Sir Allen Aylesworth  had been given under the benign influence of the outgoing Prime Minister. That is evidence of what his  intention was; and I say that it was  not in accordance with the dispassionate character which such a discussion should take on. In view of the  statement made by the Prime Minister (Mr. Borden) it must be evident  to my hon. friend (Mr. Lancaster)  that the opinion of Sir Allen Aylesworth, was, after all, worthy of consideration. The opinion of Sir Allen  Aylesworth is endorsed by the- Government tonight, and though' my hon.  friend sneered at it, after the position  taken tonight by his leader. I should  think he would regret the manner in  which he has approached this subject.  Mr. LANCASTER. Will the right  hon. gentleman< tell me .what the opinion of Sir Allen Aylesworth is? For  you cannot tell it from.the answer he  made to the question. He simply  shirked it; and that is what I said, he  shirked it. V  Sir WILFRID LAURIER. Let me  read the first section of the Bill,  which, it seems to me, cannot be endorsed in any way:  Every ceremony or form of marriage  heretofore or hereafter performed by  any person authorized to perform any  ceremony of marriage by the laws of  the place where It ia performed, and  duly performed According to such  laws, shall everywhere within Canada  be deemed to be a valid marriage, notwithstanding any differences in the religious faith of the person so married  and without regard to the religion of  the person performing the ceremony.  Now, a marriage celebrated in a  province is valid or is not valid, according to the Jaws of the province.'  If it is valid, there is nothing more to  say and this Bill does sot affect the  case. But if it ia not valid, then the  supreme authority of this parliament  la called in to make it valid. If my  hon. friend wishes to amend the constitution, that is another matter; but  to say that the law of the province  shall be overriden by the law of this  parliament, I think, could not lead to  the proper administration. If the  province is wrong, let us go to the  province and try to make it right.  But to say that a system of law that  has been in operation for 300 years is  to be set aside by the intervention of  this parliament seems to me a thing  not calculated to promote harmony in  this country. I think that everybody  will agree with me in this. It is stated  by one of the hon. gentlemen on the  other aide, the member for Hastings  (Mr. Northrup) or the hon. member  for Hamilton (Mr. Barker) that if we  referred this Bill to the Supreme  Court and are advised that we have  power to pass it, then we must undertake to pass it. But I would very  much hesitate to say so. I think it  would be much better that the matter  should be left to the courts of the  Province of Quebec, before which the  question is now raised. It would be  far better to/depend upon the decision  in the case now before tbe courts than  upon a decision of the Supreme Court  in a merely academic case.  At the present moment, the very  case which was quoted a moment ago  by the hon. member for Lincoln (Mr.  Lancaster) is before Mr. Justice Char-  bonneau, and the judgment is to be  delivered at no distant date. It is  probable that this case will be referred to all the tribunals of the land,  and that we shall have an authoritative decision upon it. I think this is  the better way to dispose of the matter than to refer it tp the Supreme  Court in the merely academic way  proposed by my right hon. friend.  The amendment of my right hon.  friend, it seems to me, and I say it  in all seriousness, and his proposal to  dispose of this Bill.simply by moving  the adjournment of the debate, Is not  at all the proper manner of dealing  with the question, and I think on the  whole parliament would be disposed  to agree with me. . .ow I have this  further to say. It is not the first time  that judges have differed upon a matter of great importance. This matter  has been before the courts of Quebec  for some fifteen years. Unfortunately  we have never had an authoritative  decision of the Privy Council upon it,  or even the Supreme Court, or, so far  as 1 know, of the Court of Appeals of  the province. Judges have decided  one way and judges have decided the  other way. If the judgment of Mr.  Justice Archibald is confirmed, we  shall never hear any more of this question; then it will be settled in a  manner not to disturb the conscience  of anybody. If it be settled otherwise,  then will be tbe time for us to decide  what_to do. But at the present moment I think that the decision taken  by the government simply to adjourn  the debate is not a dignified one, nor  is it an adequate way of disposing of  the question.  Hon L. P. PELLETIER (Postmaster  General). Mr..Speaker, I will give the  hon. member for Red Deer (Mr. Clark)  credit for being clever and very witty.  But it seems to me his speech has  gone far astray from the question before the House. In order to give us  a good sample of his wit on the question of the Ne Temere he found it possible to speak of the tower clock, and  a great many other things which, I  think, are not issues at the present  moment.  Mr. CLARK (Red Deer). They were  illustrations. i  Mr. PELLETIER. It seems to me  that we have before as tonight something very interesting. We have had  a discussion of a very important question, one that has occupned the attention of a great many people for  several years, but mostly during the  last five or six months. Now what is  the position that has been taken, and  is evidently being taken, by some hon.  members in this House. The hon.  member for Lincoln (Mr. Lancaster)  as everyone admits, made a very  able argument and put his views before the House and the country in a  very energetic and eloquent address.  And we have had from the. right hdn.  leader of the opposition (Sir Wilfrid  Laurier) his views upon the question.  And we have had the views of the  hon. member for South Essex (Mr.  Clarke). They have both told us that  they are absolutely opposed to this  Bill. But, though they put forth the  view that they are against this Bill,  there is as plain as daylight an intention to try to force the House' into a  position where the Bill would not  and could not receive the consideration which it .ought to receive if  these hon. gentlemen were really earnest in desiring that it should not pass.  We are told by the hon. member for  Red Deer (Mr. Clark)���������and he is one  of the most eloquent members on the  other side of the House���������that this Ne  Temere question is one which was  used, in the elections in the province  of Ontario. Hearing the hon. gentleman make that statement, and hearing the members around him pound  their desits, one might be inclined to  think that nothing was discussed in  the province of Ontario like the other  election but this Ne Temere decree.  Mr. LENNOX.   W e never heard it.  Mr. PELLETIER. Well, Sir, I was  led to understand���������of course I may be  wrong���������that there were several important questions discussed in the  province of Ontario and throughout  the Dominion before the 21st of September last. And I understood that  the province of Ontarlol like the other  provinces of the Dominion declared  that it wanted to maintain British connections and to keep unbroken the  British tie. I understood that there  was another big question discussed on  the hustings ln the nine provinces of  the federation and that this question  had been settled on the 21st of September last. Now we are told���������and  told with an object in view���������that nothing was discussed but the Ne Temere.  Well, since the debate has taken that  shape, I wish to tell the House that  while my hon. friends complain so  much about the fact that there and  there might have been a question  about the Ne Temere decree In tbe  province of Ontario, the saintly gentleman who complained here tonight and  the hon. member for Rett Peer (Mr.  Clark) who told us that the right hon.  the leader of the opposition should  have declared that he was not a member of the Council of Trent, let me  tell them that in my own province  there was something else than reciprocity discussed And there would not  have been on the other side of tbe  House half a dozen members from the  province of Quebec had not tbe people  of that province been told that they  must vote for the late government because the Prime Minister was a Catholic and a French Canadian.  Mr. WILSON (Laval). Mention the  place.  Mr. PELLETIER. The hour Is too  late to begin that tonight. I should  have to mention every township, every parish, every hamlet in the province of Quebec.  Mr. DEVLIN. It was not mentioned,  to my knowledge, In tbe county of  Wright.  Mr. PELLETIER. From the beginning to the last day of the election,  what were we confronted with? Men  came to us and said: You should try  to make It clear that the question at  issue now is not one between Catholics  aud Protestnats, is not the fact that  there are Tories and Orangemen in  the province of Ontario. The hon. member for Wright says it was not mentioned in his riding. Why, Sir, take  the Liberal papers in the province of  Quebec, take "Le Canada" of Montreal, take "Le Soleil" of Quebec, what  have they been living upon during the  last fifteen years? Crying out in the  ears of the people of Quebec. "l^ook  at Sam Hughes, the Orangeman"; and  other members of the House have been  held up before the good people of the  province of Quebec, and in my own  county, as men to be afraid of. We  were asked: Is it true that you are  going down to Ottawa to associate  with people who want to destroy the  Catholic religion and the French language in this province? My right hon.  friend the leader of the opposition  knows this himself.  Sir WILFRID LAURIER. No, I do  not  Mr. PELLETIER.    Well, if he does  not know that he does not know much.  What did we see here  tonight?    We  saw  an  attempt      an  open  attempt,  by members  on the opposite side of  the House so to steer this question as !  to put this government and the Con- j  servative party in a bad position. That j  can be plainly seen. We could see the  disappointement   of   my   hon.     friend  from   Red Deer  (Mr. Clark), because  one of our friends on this side of the  House had made a suggestion that the  member of Lincoln seemed  to  be in- j  dined to accept. Did you notice, then,!  Mr. Speaker, the disappointment of the j  hon. member for Red Deer.   Why. Sir, |  our hon. friends opposite fancied for j  a few moments that they were back in  (Continued on Page 7)  If you once cook a Christmas  Dinner with DRY WOOD you'll  never rest content with any  other. Our Wood is Dry Wood.  $6.00 per Cord, delivered. ;  R. DOHERTY  675 Tenth Ave. W.    ,  Phone: Fairmont noi-L  Oreat West Cartage to.  Limited  a F. Andrew*      H. W. Ettta       A. B.  H.H. William  Express, Truck and Dray  Furniture and Piano moTera  Freight Bills Revised  Loss and Damage Claims Handled  Customs Broken  Forwarding and Distributing Afttfta  Phone: Seymour 7474  113 Ue Bik., Cr. Hattis** 9 Attttt St  VaacMnrer, B.C  See the  Union Estate Co.  For Houses and Lots  On Easy Terms .  .  Cor. WestalMter II * Geaatrdal U  Insurance, Rents, General Brokerage  tatasrttr. amarlasaa���������d a3������  Tfeattaaafe   ntaad.    VMe  t8arrfea~  319  m  ^aflalLssV l  *"  fl^^^^   tiwMa and  *%j^^Ms>   are ���������tawaiaaWs I*  friends, which I appreciate vary much.  They are my, beat advertlaament.  vi%. #. 9. vsjtop  sl^WHf|���������w    yw*yWV*^a)*w}w*    *r*)mj*    *a**wja*    *^ea)    4faajaj  S/|WS|   *a^m9aaj*t   *r#W"*^|w   ���������"wSS  ���������jp>S7R^mtsj9  SJ^S^PwSSJs   *r *V***W   SPSPSJSJe  Hlgfi Class Cpnfectlooery  Cakes and Pastry  Cxtra Fancy Table Fruits  A Good Line of BOX STATIONERY  at Special Prices.  to ate** drtioxsm.  Shoe Repairing  BV AW EXpMtPNCJb W0M*AN  Thos. Farrington  BROAPWAY,  Between Mfit St. ttf WtilSJiSSt* IJ.  QUEEN KEYHOMIE  informs the public of her wonderful  powers in reading the histery of one's  life by examining the palm of the  hand. Advice in all business matters  and family affairs; tells you what  you are best adapted for; tells yon the  name of your future companion,  whether living or dead; tells you what ���������  planet you were bora under and  what part of The country Is tbe luckiest for you. Why not see the best?  It costs no more. Satisfaction or no  charge: all readings strictly confidential.   Permanently located at  1009 GRANVILLE ST.  Hours: 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.  Stop! Look I  Listen!  Would you give the world (if you  had it) in exchange for perfect health?  Many would. But to have perfect  health your nerves must be free from  pressure. Are your nerves free from  pressure? Let me examine your spine  and tell you where the pressure (if  any) exists. Spinal adjustments will  release the pressure and remove the  cause of your ill-health. Chiropractic  adjustments make the bowels, kidneys,  heart, lungs, stomach and other organs  work normally, and the result is���������  PERFECT HEALTH.  You had better investigate Chiropractic���������it is worth your while. I will  gladly explain the system to you if you  will call, or will mail you free booklet  on request. No charge for consultation.    Office hours:    1:30 to 6 p.m.  Ernest Shaw, D.C.  (Doctor of Chiropractic.)  250 22nd Ave.  East  (Close to Main St.)    Take Davie car.  4  V2  '11' v'4  ^  I 4*****1**1****************  Is Your Grocer  ! Sending You  HGood Potatoes?  We have been fortunate .������  in securing a large consign- :  ment of the good kind. We |  will guarantee them. ?  Special this week  $1.90 par Saok  Phone j Fairmont 1367 3-  Broadway  I!Table Supply!  :! 518 BROADWAY, E.  ;j H.   HARFORD:;  * *  ** * ** ** * ** 4������V ****4*********  CONSTIPATION  Bodily waata rcmaina auapended in the bowals  and avaty organ in the body become* tainted  with the poiaons of the decomposition. The  true tvaataaiat ia the natural treatment. Try  BUM MatiTe Herbs. 200 tableU $1.00. / Ask  far booklet. "The Blissa Agent." BOX 26.  >  KBRBISDALE.   VANCOUVER.  FLORENCE H.REID  Teacher of  PIANO AND THEORY  37 loth AveMWe  DISTRIBUTION  OF 8EED GRAIN  AND P0TAT0E8 FROM THE  DOMINION   EXPERIMENTAL  FARMS.  191W2.  Py instructions of the Hon. Minister  of Agriculture a distribution will be  made during the coming winter and  spring of superior sorts of grain and  potatoes to Canadian farmers. The  samples for general distribution will  consist of spring wheat (5 lbs.), white  oats (4 Ids.), parley (5 lbs), and field  peas (3 lbs.) These will be sent from  Ottawa. A distribution of potatoes  In 31b. samples will be carried on  from several of the experimental  farms, the Central Farm at Ottawa  supplying only the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. All samples will be  sent free, by mail. ���������    i; . .Z  . Applicants should give particulars  In regard to the soil on their farms;  and should also state what varieties  they have already tested and in what  way these have been found unsatisfactory, so that a promising sort for  their conditions may be sent  Each application must he separate  and must be signed by the applicant  Only one sample can be sent to each  farm. Applications on any hind of  printed or written form cannot be accepted.  1 As the supply of seed is limited,  farmers are advised to apply early to  ������������������old possible disappointment. No applications can be accepted after Feb.  15th.  All applications for grain (and ap*  plications from the provinces of Ontario and Quebec for potatoes) should  be addressed to the Dominion Cereal-  1st, Central Experimental Farm, Ot-  tow*. Such applications require no  postage.  Applications for potatoes, from farm-  era In any other province should be  addressed (postage prepaid), to the  superintendent of the nearest branch  Experimental Farm in that province.  J. H. GRI8DALE.  Director, Dominion Experimental  Farms.  LACK  OF PRODUCTION AND THE(  HIGH COST OF LIVING.  (All  rights  reserved.)  The influence of production on the  high cost of living is sq great and far  reaching in its effect that I will now  notice that side of the question. As  shown in the last article, the mere increase of area of supplies does not of  itself affect the whole matter, though  it is, of course, a step in the right direction.  What is of more benefit is. to Increase  the utility of Labor, so that It will  maintain a higher relative value to  the price of commodities that is now  the case.  This subject of relative value 1b  rather complex, and volumes might be  written by practical observers and  thinkers on this one subject alone, but  in a broad sense It may be said that  better and cheaper means of transportation, such as numerous good roads,  light, railways, etc., would be of enormous benefit to the consumers as  well as the producers.  The expense in such a province as  British Columbia would be tremendous  but in this connection the writer has  long held that a part revival of the  old English turnpike system might be  advantageous if adapted to modern  conditions. For example, I would reverse the process used formerly in  Great Britain of charging by weight  or number of wheels, etc., for all agricultural products, such loads of produce being hauled by teams to rail or  market I would let off very lightly���������  but would charge a higher return on  all lighter carriages of trade and pleasure such as motor cars, and to all  casual users of the roads. Books of  coupons might be sold to do away  with the cost of toll-gates, and a percentage of mileage allowed free, beyond .which toll should be levied to  go to the upkeep of such roads. The  cost of legitimate transportation over  them would thus be lessened, and both  consumer and producer would benefit  That is ONE OF THE MEANS to the  ENDS of lowering the cost of distribution as well as production.  Co-operation between the three chief  agents of production���������LAND, CAPITAL and LABOR���������is also another essential to obtain the full UTILITY of  EACH; and in this direction I am an  advocate of larger farms than is common in this part of the country. The  small holding is all right for the smaller produce, but when comes to efficient  crops, cattle raising and the like, they  can only be made oi the greatest utility upon larger farms, run upon a cooperative principle.  I have good authority for that, as  Mill maintained that in farming not  so much division of labor was required  in the operations of agriculture as  combination of Jabor���������otherwise cooperation.  Here the State might step In and  provide a series of agricultural banks, j  that would make ^advances to the owner against the mortgage of his permanent buildings, and might safely advance 75 per cent of their value, according to their scope and permanence.  A model group of farm and dairying  buildings might thus be placed in the  centre of several good, farms, and guaranteed bonds, the same as are handed  out by the million dollars to railway  promoters, would do much more good  than using Government credit in any  other way.  Distribution from such grouped centres would again be cheapened and the  relative wages or profits of labor  earned on the land would in consequence be much higher.  The Department of Agriculture at  Ottawa might do much worse than to  institute a competition for a prize  design for such model grouping of farm  and" dairying' buildings. I will deal  with this part of my subject later, as  also the relative value of prices in regard to wages���������for since commencing  these articles I have received through  the kind influence of Mr. H. H. Stevens, M. P., a copy of the Special Report on Wholesale Prices in Canada,  1890-1910, and also Volume XII, No. S,  of the Labor Gazette, which exhibit  many wide anomalies. An examination of these reports will be the. subject of my next article. Meanwhile,  O COUNCIL OF TEN, let me hear that  you are at least interested In the matter.  PATHFINDER.  BUILDING NOTES.  It was not to be wondered at that  Cambie street bridge should catch  afire after all the "hot air" that has  been floating around this past few  days, or was it the pace that the job  has been rushed through at which set  up.the combustion? The yarn about  the tar boiler upsetting won't wash���������  more likely it was allowed to boil over  through inattention. Does the city or  the paving contractor pay the damage?   Question?  Another skyscraper for Granville  street shows the tendency to turn  that thoroughfare into a deep, dark  canyon ot brick and mortar that in a  few years will necessitate construction of public street elevators at every other hillock or so and the laying  out of an upper boulevard for pedestrians to take the air abroad on.  Seriously, however, I am not sure  that the City Beautiful of the future  will not be planned somewhat on these  lines, that is, with four lines of frontages instead of two, along each main  street, tbe upper line, of course being  recessed back upon the lower one���������  just the same as the old rows in  the city of Chester���������one of the'quaintest of EngliBh cities. There the "upper rows," as they call them, are  reached by a few steps, and the roof  of one set of 'stores is the floor of the  next. One will need to travel to a  mucTi loftier elevation than that, however, if the idea is ever .to be put into  practice What a howling nnacial success It would be! Just fancy, ye property owners on Hastings or Granville  doubling your frontage values by construction of an upper boulevard where  motors came not and shoppers could  be at rest away out of the noise and  dirt of the heavy street traffic! Discussing this topic with an architectural friend , I heard another good suggestion for an elevated boulevard that  would really be Immediately practicable and mean much to the beauty and  convenience of the city's water front,  and that is an elevated concrete roadway starting from Granville street just  outside the C. P. R. depot, going over  the tracks, and following the water  front along to Coal harbor. This could  be apart of the Stanley Park new approach. How convenient It would be  to boat owners and others, as here and  three steps leading down to the various slips could be provided and a new  route for really "Seeing Vancouver"  be brought into use. There is not the  slightest doubt it could be made to pay  its way also by renting store space  along the land side.  Vancouver's new opera house is a  step nearer fulfillment, as. I hear the  popular manager, Mr. Ricketts, is now  on his way to, or is in, New York,  fixing up the theatrical circuit charter  which will put it into proper shape. I  understand the new house is to be on  Burrard street, along which thoroughfare important developments are about  to take place. The new Kitsilano  bridge and a car line along it is only  a matter of the near future.  Rumor has reached me that a Vancouver architect has secured another  large extension of the Coquitlam asylum, which will run it into over $500,-  000. Building business IS brisk for  1912.  MR. CARTWRIGHT.  By electing as president for 1912 the  local branch of the Civil Engineer's  Society has put into things the right  man at the helm. Mr. Hon. Kennedy  has been appointed Hon. secretary in  the place of W. K. Dulcher, who resigned. Hearty votes of thanks were  accorded to Mr. Dulcher, Secretary and  to last year's President Mr. Geo. Webster for their work in the past season.  The society at Montreal are fortunate in having this year as president, so  well experienced and so popular a  man as Mr. W. Tye, who gave  his resignation as Chief Asst. Engineer  of the C. P. R., has been associated  very largely with Sir William Van  Homes, Mexican and Cuban Engineering projects. Mr. Tye is one of the  very beBt men in Canada that could  have been chosen for the position.  ORANGEMEN OFFER AID TO  ULSTER IN FIGHT.  Strong Resolution Cabled to Leaders  of Fioht Against Home Rule.  Vancouver World Roundly Condemned  for Encouraging Allen Undesirables.  The murder of the late Lord George  Sanger, the well-known showman, recently, reminds us again of the variety  of Incidents with which Dickens was  associated. He was a very frequent  visitor at this show when it was  boused at Astley's, London, England,  and was greatly interested when, on  one occasion after the show had closed  up for tbe night, twelve wolves broke  loose and devoured a horse.  Desecration of Union Jack at Dominion Hall is Denounced.  Entrance of Hindu Women to Canada  is Stoutly Opposed.  What may be characterized as the  most enthusiastic important and" host  attended county lodge meetifig of  Orangemen ever held in Vancouver  met at the Orange Hail yesterday,  when some stirring resolutions were  passed offering 'material aid to I'heir  brothers in Ulster, protesting against  the admission of Hindu women Into  British Columbia; denouncing the  desecration of the Union Jack at the  Dominion Hall and strongly condemning the Vancouver World for countenancing and encouraging the actions  of the alien and undesirable element  held responsible for the desecration.  Professor E. Odium, the county master, presided.  The following resolution was adopted and immediately cabled to Ireland:  "To the Orangemen and other Loyal  Protestants of Ireland:  "Greetings and Godspeed from the  county and sister lodges���������thirty in all  ���������of,the city of Vancouver, British  Columbia, Canada. We appreciate  your heroic struggles which are of  such vast moment to the British Empire. We admire your Invincible  spirit, honor your loyalty, revere your  lofty ideals, glory in your righteous  cause, extend to you our sympathy  and prayers, and offer you material  aid at the moment of call.  "Your ancestors have been loyal to  It is not in the mountains  Nor the palaces of pride,  That Love will fold his wings up  And rejoicingly abide;  But in meek and humble natures  His home is ever found,  As the lark that sings in heaven,  Builds its nest upon the ground.  of your struggles; for arrayed against  you is tbe world-wide power known  as the papacy, and also every nation  on earth which would rejoice in the  downfall of Britannia.  "The Roman political machine,  having Its capital ln Italy, plans the  Empire's destruction, Asquith, Churchill. Lloyd George and their papist  masters must and will fail; and Ulster and the true British Empire will  win out finally. Our British Empire  is God's battleaxe, and thus again,  heathen Rome hates the Protestants  of 'Ireland who stand in the way of  political traitors and assassins striving for our national ruin. The present British Government could not remain in power one day without the  help of the Irish Home Rule traitors.  These, in turn, would not have secured their places in the British  House of Commons were It not that  they have promised to a foreign  priest their loyal, devoted, blind, unquestioned support. And these ln  turn, for hundreds of years, have  been doing all within their devilish  power and are so operating today, not  that they may carry blessing to the  south or west of Ireland, but that  they may carry a curse to Protestant  Britain. We represent the spirit and  determination of tens of thousands  In British Columbia and hundreds of  thousands in Canada.  "Our ringing, clarion, dominating  battle shout we send across our fair  Dominion   and   over   the     Atlantic  Ocean to the Orangemen and other  militant loyalists now making a mag-  niflclent fight against terrible odds.  Stand firm. Fear not The Almighty  God who loves to aid men fighting in  a  righteous cause  is  in your ranks.  Darkness may come, but no weapon  formed against you  can  prosper,  so  long as that weapon is    formed   by  r  the spirit and plan of the Everlasting i foreign, pagan, plotting Rome. Can-  Covenant, from the day when Ulster';acta taught the priestly machine-man  Royal Heremon, I^ord Paramount of  Ireland, united with the royal line of  Davidic soverigns, and founded the  kingly house of Judah in Ireland,  through which line our present noble  King comes to rule over our Empire.  il.viators a lesson last September,  and, if necessary, will give the hordes  of Jesuits another and a more effective lesson. In your need call on  us, your Canadian loyal brethren,  in unmeasured terms.   Again greeting  "We  clearly perceive  the vastness [ and God-speed!  OPPOSE ENTRANCE OF HINDUS  The following resolution protesting  against the admission of Hindu women  was unanimously passed.  "Whereas at present there is a  movement on foot to allow Hindu  residents in this country to bring in  their wives.  "Therefore we, the members of  Vancouver County -/ Loyal Orange-  Lodge, No. 1, representing nineteen  primary lodges, do most emphatically protest against any relaxation of  the immigration lawB governing this  question, and further, we are unalterably opposed to Oriental immigration and are fully in accord with the  Hon. Richard McBride's strong stand  for a white British Columbia.  "Resolved that copies of this resolution beforwarded to Bro. H. H.  Stevens, M.P., and the Hon. Robert  Rogers, minister of the interior; Hon.  R. McBride, premier of British Columbia, Attorney-General Bowser, senior member for Vancouver, and the  Secretary of the Vancouver executive  of the Conservatie Association."  NEWSPAPERS CONDEMNED.  The following is the resolution condemning the World, and denouncing  the desecration of the Union Jack at  the Dominion Hall. ���������  "Whereas the British flag has been  desecrated in our city during the last  few weeks���������notably by tearing down  the Union Jack at the Dominion Hall  last week. And whereas we believe  that such action'can only emanate  from the degraded minds of some  alien anarchist, and not from a British subject Therefore be it resolved  that we, the members of the Vancou-  County L. O. L. in meeting assembled, call upon tbe chief magistrate  to take such steps as may be deemed  necessary to have all such low characters deported, and we call upon the  government to prevent all such undesirables from entering Canada.  "And, be it further resolved that we  strongly condemn the Vancouver  World for countenancing and encouraging the action of this undesirable  and alien element in our midst, and  that a copy of this resolution be sent  to Mayor Findlay, H. H. Stevens, M.  P., and Premier Borden."  iTHEi  Wellington  Now Open  WITH A COMPLETE SHOW.  This Theater has been fitted up at enormous expense  and will prove jto be one of the best  in the city.  Complete change of Programme  and Fridays  We intend to cater to ladies, gentlemen and children  and long experience places the manager in  position to choose films calculated  to please our patrons.  Continuous Music by 5-Piece Orchestra,  Admission :  Children 5c; Adults 10c  Open 11a.m. to 11 p.m.  Mothers* Special Room.  Special attention  Given to the Children  At all times.  106 Hastings St., E.  Near Columbia Avenue  **************************   ********4'*4'**W***********  ... GET ...  Best English Prints |  All guaranteed, fast colors; regular 15c yd.  For IOC Yard  At  Sutherland's  1403 COMMERCIAL DRIVE, Cor. Bismark St. ::  T^i*****<<-*****************   -'������������������������-������������������-T--T-T T T--������������������' M flint T Ml''  ������������  .THE.  Royal Meat Market  634 Broadway West (late Mills & Co.)  Is under New Management and will handle nothing but the Choicest  Special for Saturday Only  Best American Hams, 19c. - ��������� Bacon, 20c  Qoodm Delivered Phones Fairmont 1609  HOLLAND & BANK5, Prop.  Girl from Country���������"I don't see  what kind of a place-1 could get.  There isn t a single thing I know how  to do."  Employment Agent���������"Very simple.  Just advertise yourself as a maid of  all work."���������Meggendorfer Blaetter.  His Wife���������John, do you remember  what took place just three years ago  today?  Her Husband���������What! Is this our  wedding anniversary?  His Wife���������N-no.  Three years ago  today you bought me a new bat.���������Harper's Bazaar. THE WESTERN CALL.  ', *���������' i Ami  OrrthMte of Detroit Tbe Best  Optical CoUef* EXPERIENCE       OkUIiuble  SUCCESS  A Bridge on Which You May Depend  Q. W. URIMMETT, Oploraetrist and Optician  North Vancouver, Nov. 6th, 1905  Mr. G. W. Grimmett,Vancouver, B.C.  Dear Sir: I take great pleasure in testifying to the comfort and satisfaction I have in  the glasses I received from you, having always  worn two pairs from childhood, whereas now  the one pair does for all purposes. I have had  my eyes tested many times/but never as you  tested them. Allow me again to express my  confidence in the thoroughness of your work.  Yours respecfully,  Mrs. WM. ATKINSON  P. 8.���������Thii UJy's present a<idre������������ it 1385 Eighth Ave. W.  BANK  OF OTTAWA  BUILDING  Office 106, First Floor ~      Phone Seymour 532  Office Hours:  9 to 12 a m., 1 to 5 p.m., Sat 7 to s> p. m.    yA,  ************4'****4'*i������>*****   ********************^*4<rir*-  Grandview Theatre  i  WILL OPEN ON  t  ������������������������  Monday, Feb. 12th  t This Theatre has been built to suit  | the   public,"  regardless   of   cost.  ��������� ���������'������������������.  '.! It has been inspected and approved by the leading people of '.',  '.', the district.    It is absolutely fire-proof throughout.  ;; *' It is one of the best and safest in the city.' '���������Fire Insurance Inspector  ���������  ������ _    ' . _.,��������� ;   :; m2j[C0MMERCl\L DRIVE;  1<������.g..|.������.|..f't������4'���������!������������������!���������<' 4- ��������� ��������� ���������!��������� 't-���������!��������� ���������!��������� -t'������������������������ ���������������<��������� ������������������������>   ������.|-<t-I'������������i������'g������������������������8������^������I"������'t-������������l������t"i������'fr������'g"l"l"l"a"t"������  Dickens' Centenary  ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS NOT  EFFECTED BY THE DEATH OF ALFRED TENNYSON DICKENS.  Apart from the shock which the friends and  admirers of Charles Dickens and his son experienced when the sudden death of Mr. Alfred  Tennyson Dickens, which occurred at the Hotel  Astor, Mew York, on Tuesday, January 2nd, was  announced, the sad news carried with it a great  disappointment. This disappointment was keenly  felt, especially by the men who compose the committee in charge of the arrangements for the celebration of the birth of Charles Dickens, planned  to take place in Carnegie Hall, New York, on the  evening of February 7. Mr. Alfred Tennyson  Dickens was to have been one of the principal  speakers on this occasion. He was to speak on  the subject, "My Father's Life and Works."  The committee decided not to give up the anniversary celebration, and arrangements were proceeded with. Addresses were to be made by some  of the most distinguished men in the field of literature, and messages were to be read from the  men of letters living abroad. Among those who  were asked to contribute are Rudyard Kipling,  Bernard Shaw, Gilbert Chesterton, Mrs. Humphrey Ward and Herr Maeterlinck.  A dinner was arranged for to take place on  the evening of Feb. 6th, at Delmonico's, under  the auspices of the Dickens fellowship. Mr. ������eth  Low was to^prasidew An effort will be made to  make the banquet g. reminder of the dinner which  was given in honor of Charles Dickens, when he  visited in America.'in 1868.  DICKENS CENTENARY-  ENGLISH CELEBRATIONS.  In  England,  the  Dickens  Centenary  Gelebra-  tionsvwill occupy tbe whole of the week which  includes the novelist's birthday (February^), and  will be observed in all parts of the country. The  London programme sanctioned-by the committee  of the Did ens Centenary Fund and the-Dickens  Fellowship (in whose hands the arrangements  are) is as follows:  Sunday, February 4.���������Special reference to  Dickens in sermon preached at Westminster  Abbey. "������������������.������������������"'������������������,.  Monday, February 5.���������The' members of the  Dickens Fellowship will pay a visit to Gad's Hill  and Rochester, where they will be guests at dinner of the mayor and civic authorities at the historic Bull Hotel.  Tuesday, February 6.���������Dickens demonstration  at the City Temple, beginning at 8 p. m., when  Mr. Hall Caine and other well known literary men  have been invited to speak.  Wednesday, February 7 (the anniversary).-���������  Dinner of the Boz Club at the Hotel Metropole,  , under the  chairmanship of Lord Rosebery.  Thursday. February 8.���������Mr. Henry F. Dickens,  K.. G, who-is a life president of the Fellowship,  will give a recital of "A Christmas Carol" at the  Guildhall School of Music, to which the. members  will be admitted free. Sir Luke Fildes, R.A., the  president, will be .in the chair.  Friday, February 9.���������The Fellowship will give  a dinner to a thousand poor children in the Lambeth Baths.  Saturday,  February  10,���������Excursion(to  Ports-'  mouth, where the novelist's birthplace at Land-  port and other Dickensian landmarks will be visited.  An appropriate finale to the celebrations will  be provided in the. form of a Dickens Costume  Ball, which will take place at the Albert Hall on  or about June 17, just prior to Ascot.  DICKENS' GRANDDAUGHTER.     j perament would allow him to retain.    I Thus he drifted on to his    fifteenth  There is one member of the Dickens year, when he became apprenticed to a'  ���������������iffi|n|ii|iitnti.t������t.l|..|.fi'������iii������ilit,r'l'ttilii,ir   ******&*******************  ;:    Phone:   Fairmont 958  1605 MAIN ST.  ' UJMBEB OF ALL KJNPS  SASH, POORS, MOULDINGS  i:  Contractors and House Builders j  Carpenters and Frameworkers |  We have just what you require 4  j;    SASH and POORS MADE bN PREMISES TO ORDER }  DRESSED and FINISH LUMBER of HIGH GifADE I  ramily who has had the courage to  make her own way in the world without relying upon the fame of the great  novelist whose name she bears. This  one is a daughter of the late Charles  Dickens, who was a son of the writer,  and who, like his brother, who died in  New York recently, made a living by  lecturing on and reading from the I  works of his famous father. He    lee  physician.    His  restless  how-  spirit,  ever, ruled "him, and after an honest  attempt to learn the mysteries of Japanese chirurgery he abandoned the  services of his medical master for the  more attractive calling of a kanga-  kusha, or Chinese scholar. But once  again his impatient temperament  made him after a year, plead for his  freedom.   His next venture was that  calm recollections of dead, great  great thoughts of eternal rest and  happiness; nothing of gloom or terror. Niagara was at once stamped on  my heart an image of beauty, to remain there changeless and indelible,  until its pulses cease to beat forever.  "Oh, how the strife and trouble of  daily life receded from my view and  lessened in the distance during the ten  memorable days we passed on that enchanted ground! What voice* spoke  from out the thundering waters; what  SUPPER AND CONCERT  AT GRANDVIEW  On Tharaday, February 1st, a supper and entertainment was-held nnsjef,  the auspice* of the Women'* Auxiliary  of 8t Saviour's Church. After an excellent supper had been disposed of,  a first-rate programme waa well rendered. ' 8obs*> recitation*, daet*,  musical items, etc, were all Well received, and at the clase ot the eventaf  the chairman. Rev. H. Buttnun, expressed the general feeling of all  present in a few appropriate wort*  of appreciation to those who had  helped to make the afsir successful.  A BOUNTIFUL HARVMT.  "A* a man aoweth, so shall he reap;'  and youth I* the time la width he  must do ���������hl* sewing if" the graaery to  not to be empty when old age over-  take* him, a* It sorely will if ho Bre*  long enough, The making of mosey  and the saving of money, a* dieting*  uished from the miserly love of money,  should be the ambition of everyone;  hut it does not necessarily follow that  It you make money you will have  It In your old age, a* many a one-time  millionaire has died In the poor hon**.  But' If you take advantage ot the Canadian Oovernment Annuities system, and out of your wages, salary or  Income pay the amount fixed to be  pair each week, month or year, or aa  otherwise arranged, provision for old  age may be made with absolute certainty and at much lea* cost than on  any other safe plan.. Ton may lose  everything-else you own but the ,Annuity cannot be lost or taken from yon  by any process of law, no matter how  long you may live. Ask your Postmaster for literature on the subject  or write for the same to the Superintendent of Annuities, Ottawa, to whom  all letters may be addressed free of  postage. ���������  tured in this country about twenty jot a public fortune teller at Kangawa,; faces faded from the earth, looked out  years ago, and his daughter has fort close to the port of Yokohama, where [upon me from its glistening depths;  some time conducted a typewriting of-! he made the acquaintance of the nov-j what heavenly promise glistened in  flee in London which is patronized by elist Kioden, who, charmed with . those angels' tears, the drops of many'  a great many English authors and not .bis wonderful fertility of imagination '��������� hues, that showered around and twined  a tew American. She is an attractive and ingenious manner, took him to. themselves about the gorgeous arches  and business-like woman and extreme- live with him. It was while residing, which the changing rainbows made,  ly successful in her- work.  The late Alfred Tennyson Dickon*,  eldest Bon of the great novelist, whose,  death has taken place recently ln New  York, arrived at London In IS 10 for  the purpose of reading his father's  plays, at which time he visited the  "Old Cnroslty Shop" In Portogal  street.  DICKENS  RAVEN ("GRIP").  ;;    No order too large for us to handle promptly.    No order    :*.  too small to receive careful attention. X  ', *  +4.***** **** * * * if gi.g. .|. * f 11 * * *   ** * I H *********** *4 'I I' 11 I'l11  >**% 11i"Hii 111 i"H'*"i"i 111 *** *******4'**********4)****"i"*;;  I Use Slave Lake Power  Those Industries are Better  In ultimate results which use our electric  power service. The factories or office buildings which operate private power plants are  under a big expense for maintenance. A  trifling accident may disorganize their whole  svstem ���������more serious disturbance, with  attendant heavy losses involved, are not  preventable. Stave Lake Power is undeniably cheaper and more reliable than private plant operation. See us for particulars  and rates.  ,.  Western Canada Power Company,  1:  %  Everybody who has read "Barnaby  Rudge" will remember that there is a  character introduced in that story, who  although walking on two legs and  able to talk fluently, is no hitman being, but a bird���������a raven, in fact, the  property of half-witted Barnaby. A  shrewd, clever speciment of a very  shrewd genus, Grip amuses the reader  extremely with his quaint drawn, gravity, and his comical utterances. This  very popular member of the "Humphrey's Clock" dramatis personae was  taken from life���������in other words Mr.  Pickens had a pet raven named Grip,  and when Grip died be was stuffed and  put into a glass case. When Mr. Pick-  ens' effects were sold in July, 1870, by  Messrs. Christie & Manson much satisfaction was expressed at the appearance of Grip's name in the catalogue, and several people said that they  would not mind giving five pounds  (f25) for him. To their astonishment,  the bids rapidly reached fifty pounds  (|250), and after a keen competition  with Mr. Andrew Halliday. Mr. Not-  tage became the purchaser for one  hundred and twenty guineas ($630),  probably the largest sum ever paid for  a raven���������dead or alive.  with Kioden that Bakin produced his "I think in every quiet season now,  first novel���������1791 he being then only in still do the waters leap and roar and  his twenty-fourth year. Kioden, who tumble all day long; still are the raih-  at that time achieved a reputation of | bows spanning them, a hundred feet  considerable standing in Japanese lit-!below. Still when the sun is on them  erature, admired the work so much j do they shine and glow like molten  that he is said to"have exclaimed: "In gold. Still, the day is gloomy, do they  twenty or thirty years I shall be for-. fall like show, or seem to crumble  gotten." In the title page of this away like the front of a great cliff,  work Bakin describes himself as the or roll down the rock like dense white  pupil of Kioden, but in after years, s oke, but always does the mighty  and when'be had reached the zenith ��������� stream appear to die as it comes down,  of his  fame, he denied that  Kioden and always from its fathomable grave,  is"toVecome= pf"u7whe"n we are old?  bad taught him anything, and so an- and  rises that  tremendous  ghost of  noyed was be at having made such an j spray and mist which is never laid,  admission that he tried to purchastTall > which  has  haunted  this  place  with  the available copies of his first book .the same dread solemnity since dark-  GENIUS, FAME, POVERTY.  Charles Pickens made fSOO.000 on  one lecturing tour, but his descendants,  it is said, are now in want His eldest  son, Alfred Tennyson, whose sudden  death was recently recorded, had been  traveling through the States delivering lectures in an endeavor to keep  the family pot boiling. Tragic incidents of this kind are of daily occurrence, and yet they make as little impression upon us as tbe rain on the  duck's back. One of our newspapers,  in commenting on the pathetic facts,  asked the significant question: "What  JAPAN'S CHARLES DICKENS.  The Life Story of Bakin, the Favorite  Author of the Japanese.  There are few English-speaking people who have not enjoyed the novels J amj wlth a glgh 0l rellef took up his  for the purpose of destroying them.  Another fit of restlessness now seems  to have overcome him, and he put his  pen aside and became assistant to a,of God!"  Yeddo bookseller, in which capacity he  remained for over three years. During  this time he proved himself an omnivorous reader. He. wrote his second  novel during this period, and Its success, which was phenomenal, determined him to adopt permanently the  the proiession of an author. Attracted  by the pretty daughter of the widow  of a dealer in shoes he married, and  thus became, as is the Japanese custom, his mother-in-law's adopted son  and heir. For years he mastered the  struggles of the shoe trade, but without success. It was, therefore, with  tears of joy that he welcomed the maturity of his daughter, whom he  promptly married to a suitable hus-  oand with the necessary qualifications  in the shoe business, handed the stock  and trade over to the happy couple,  ness brooded on the deep and that  first flood before the deluge���������light,  came rushing on creation at the word  Teacher���������What can we do with our  useless organs?  Little Eben���������Trade 'em for phonographs, of course.���������Puck.  There is but one answer: A man must  save in his youth if be .will have a  "nest egg" in the days when his locks  are hoary and bis earning powers have  departed. But that is not all. He must  adopt a system of saving which will  not fail him in the hour of trial. This  system has been provided under the  Canadian Government Annuities Act,  In regard to which you may obtain literature of your postmaster, or on application to the Superintendent of Annuities, Ottawa. -  f**% I'l I H"M"H't������ 1IM H������������������������t  ********4**4-*4'*** 1.1..|. * * * ****  LIMITED  ::  Phone: Seymour 4770      603-610 Carter-Cotton BIdg. I  P. 0. BOX 1418, VANCOUVER, B. C. |  |^^i^M{^Ni^^������H'4''fr'l"l"ll'Illl,'l"l"l"l'*'t'  ���������<"I"l"l"I"i"i"l"I-8"l"l"l'4"I"l"t'il11l';l"l"t"H"l  ! ADELA GROCERY:  WCBSTEH  BROS. ���������  . Fraser Av.ft WestinTr Rd. |  I  A full line of Fruits and Groceries*. Scotch Shortbread.  Try our noted Teas at 35c per lb. 5  >0������������������W������W>W<*W*W������W>���������������������WSSJ������W������ *������������������****>*  of Charles Pickens, and it has been  truly said that there 1b no emotion felt  by the human heart that he has not  stirred in the breasts of his readers. A  position similar to that which Pickens  created for himself in the English literary world was won by Kuckutei Bakin with the Japanese public. His  popularity in his own country is such  that almost every Japanese, if asked  to name his favorite author, would reply, "Bakin." Like the great English  novelist, Bakin worked his way up  from the bottom rung of the literary  ladder by the sheer force of merits  which appealed to tbe masses. He was  born in Yeddo in 1767, and was the  youngest son of one of the servants of  Prince Matsudairi Shinsei, a high dignitary of the Shogun government. At  the early age of eight years Bakin was  relegated to the position of companion  and attendant oupn the son of the  prince, a boy of about his own age, but  being possessed of high principles an<$  disliking the tyranny exercised on him  by his young master, after four years'  service he deserted his employer and  faced the world for himself. Subsequently he filled several other positions, none of which his peculiar tem-  pen once more. He wrote three hundred works. What is regarded as his  prinicapl work is the "Yumibari-tsuki,"  "the Bow-Bend," or "New Moon,"  which is supposed to be an imitation  of the Chinese romantic histories, and  which fills 800 pages of small type.  At the age of 70 he became totally  blind, but this unfortunate . circumstance caused no cessation to his labors; in fact, he became more strenuous in his work. About this time his  son died, and this event plunged him  into the most dire grief. His 6on's  widow, however, proved more than a  daughter to him. After her husband's  death she watched over him with the  greatest solicitude, acted as his amanuensis, and so enabled him to continue his labors until his eighty-first  year, when he passed peacefully away.  Mo Polivorjf  MoQrotUt ::  94 ::  t  Pboae t Fairmont 621  ff������|IVtTNt*f*t**-  fit af all tinttM *f  delivery awl  latfitf  SPECIAL FOR SATURDAY  per lb.  Legs of Lamb  Loin of Lamb  Legs of Pig Pork  Pork Sausage  Prime Rib Roast  Roll Roast  2 lbs.  per lb.  20c  20c  18-20c  for .26c  15-18c  16���������18c  Swifts Hams  Swifts Bacon    ���������  Choice Table Butter  2 Doz. Eggs  Good Lard  Fresh Pressed Chix  20c  22c  2 lbs. 73c  76c  2 lbs. 26c  lb. 25-SOc  Choicest Finnan Haddie,  Fresh Herring       ���������      2 lbs. 15c  Flab  lb. 12c  Fresh Sole      -      -   per lb. 10c  A full assortment of all the  Fresh and Smoked Fish to be had  DICKENS  DESCRIBES THE   NIAGARA ON  HIS VISIT IN 1842.  2513 MAIN STREET, near Broadway  Thlm Im an INO������PtMO������MT Market  **********************y***  .t..|���������M>.i"M"l"M'|"|m|..|..|..|.|..j.,|.i| ;. j |***  I  ���������l.*.li*:*.^1r**********4,4'*4,**4'*  t  t  *  t  *  *  *  t  o: i i m I ii i u ii hi m i u m ������  i CITY PRICES  2  523 Broadway W.  Phone: Falrm't 1528 ::  When I felt how near to my Creator  I was standing, the first effect, and the  enduring one���������instant and    lasting��������� j  of  the   tremendous     spectacle.,    was I  Peace.     Peace   of   mind,     tranquilty,  LEE & WOOD  Importers of  |   Wall Papers, Paints, Brushes,Varnishes,Oi!s,etc.  * Our Store is in a locality where rents are about one quarter of that  r commanded by similar stores in the City, and our stock is new and  %��������� clean.     THIS IS CONVENIENT FOR YOU.    And you get the  ���������j. benefit, as we are content with fair profits.  j* Your jobbing work will be  promptly attended to if you  phone���������  % Fairmont 1520  ^X^^~>-H~X~:^H^~M~H-H~X^������-:~t'4-C������**-l"l''I-I''li 1 "M"M"l 'I tl 11 *******  m  -**<W  -t~s \  THE WESTERN CALL.  i������������s*BW*-  SUMNER PUCE  A. M. Bealtie is Instructed by the Owner to Sell at  AUCTION   SALE  at 10 a. i  Key   Plan  Dominion  Hall  Lots  Being D. L 70  SOME VERY GOOD REASONS  WHY YOU SHOULD BUY  LOTS IN SUMNER   ji!'  PLACE:  SUMNER PLACE is just beyond the  city boundary; thereby you escape  the city taxes;  SUMNER PLACE has now two services, the *3. C. E. R, and G. N. Ry.  cross there.'  SUMNER PLACE is within four and  a half miles from the centre of the  city.  SUMNER PkACE has level ground  and rich soil.  SUMNER PLACE is now being  cleared and will be in tbe same  condition as the Martin property  . in Hastings Townsite, which is  quite near SUMNER PLACE.  SUMNER PLACE adjoins the Western Canada Power Company,  Limited, new sub-station, costing  . $300,000.  ������  When buying here you can live on  the lots and do business in the city.  The terms are easy���������20 per cent.  only cash, balance 3,6, 9, 12 and 15  months; interest on deferred payments, 6 per cent.  Is it not a fact! Every day you  are asked to buy lots seven to fifteen  hundred miles from Vancouver,  where you know nothing about the  land or even the prospects; where,  if you had invested in Vancouver's  suburbs, you would have doubled  your money; but you have not even  had an inquiry for your outside lots.  Sawmills are near SUMNER  PLACE and lumber is easy to obtain  for buildings.  The best place today to buy lots  is as near to Vancouver as possible,  and as the citv grows you are sure of  an increase.  ���������nil  AUCTIONEER  25 Hastings St. East  VANCOUVER  Plan of  Sumner Place  Buw/iBr MumciMitrr  vV;-1s  ..���������*���������  At ���������6 ' &������(���������*)*//    9665  _  *  f  ������i?  I I  n  r i  ~*r  TT"  W  2  3  4  5  6  7 ���������  o  6  9  II  12  &  1  *  C  i  St*  ��������� -������������  1  25  24  >  25  ������Z  z\  zo  19  10  17  16  -ft.  15  6T r-   ..J ��������� ku,Z7   Z���������  25  ������|w    tea,' ^   ^  I       '  //*"W~"     '   AVE  *  I-  "TT  'TT  0'  2  3  4  S  ^  \  i  \7  i **T  6  9  10  1/  12  13  '\  *28  Z7  2������  Z5  24  23  22  V  2N  20.  v  1:���������  * ���������������������  ������7  16  %  ���������>  I���������  r  1.1  >\ -r-t  _I  tie  **  V  2  a!  1  ������4  S  6  7  ���������7  el  19  (O  II  ta  /3  14  5  f  ������28  27  2*  25  24  23  22  21  20  19  18  17  16  ���������%  -*L  -^^^^^^^������  ���������A,  <  4  1  01.  4  -*%  . j  *  4  ,^7W  , ^  ^  1AV������  1  &  J  ^  ���������  ���������  <������i  ������* 1  51  a  3  4  4  r  IO  61  Vs  10  /  (Z  13  1  m  IU  .  $28  ������7  26  25  24  23  22  21  20  19  18  .'7  /6  .58  -66-  JOtL.  "Ss  ���������  1:  v   1  r  %.j  i  15  TH  AV������  >i\  'i -������������������I  -a  5>f  2  3  4-  5  6  7  II  8  9  \0  11  12  ST  /3  14^  1 1  ,.  V  27  26  25  24  25  22  21  ZO  19  18  17  16  \5l  6^_  *f,.  *->  /6���������/Y6S't?7ew*rJ   AV������  1 ~r   166  66  0l  Z7  26  25  24-  23  *4  22.  6  21  20  (O  (O  U  f8  *r95*&r������7M3yJ$*%> r   12  17  15  16  MJSLL  141  ������5!  5  m '  Z3/.7/  Look  Look over the map and see what  lots are selling at, then come to, the  sale and buy at your own price.  Do Not  Do not take hearsay evidence about  this property; go and see it. Many  a man has lost money in Vancouver  because he listened to some "wise  friendV' advice, not asked for. Be  your own judge in buying and always  inspect your lots before buying.  The Auctioneer has inspected these  lots and that is why he is so anxious  for you to do so, because HE KNOWS  THAT HE IS RIGHT.  The title is perfect, the property is  not miles in the bush. You can step  off either tbe H 0. E. R. or tbe G. N.  Ry. right at the property.  TAKE NOTE OF THE PRICES  ASUNDER:  EAST COLLINOWOOP LOTS,  $1000 TO $1500 EACH.  '.���������-'. ���������?���������*������������������  KERRISDALE LOTS, $1000 TO  $1500 EACH.  VANCOUVER HEIGHTS, $800  TO $1500 EACH.  MARTIN PROPERTY, $725 TO  $1675 EACH.  The latter property is close to SUMNER PLACE. The Martin property  sold at above prices at auction, Sept.  14th.  East Collingwood and Kerrisdale  are on a similar ear service.  SUMNER PLACE is at auction,  the price to be made by you.  I1T1I  AUCTIONEER  25 Hastings St. East  /1  \  VANCOUVER THE WESTERN GALL.  To Be Kept In Mind.  Harold���������"I know that I'm not  worthy of you, darling."  Pair One���������"Remember that, Harold,  and my married life is sure to be  happy."���������Jewish Ledger.  BORDER TAILOR  SPRING WEAR  Our Special  $30  Suits are the best  value in the city.  Cleaning,   Pressing  and  Repairing a  Specialty.  CEDAR COTTAGE  Right where the car stops.  WOMAN'S BAKERY  AND CONFECTIONERY  Only the Best kept  I COUSINS        655 Broadway I  i  Anatomical Shoe Store  Parke Houston, Prop.  Repairs a Specialty  Harness and Shoemaking  6352 Fraser St , op. 50th Ave.  FIRST-CLASS  SHOEMAKING  AND SH3E REPAIRING  DONE AT  PETERS & CO.  Near Comer Mate Street aai Broadway  OR. R. INGRAM  Physician   and   Surgeon  Office and Residence:  SUITE A. WALDEN BUILD'G  > ,  25th Ave. and Main St  Local and  Otherwise  SOUTH VANCOUVER GETS BUSY.  Real estate men throughout the municipality of South Vancouver report  decided activity in the local market,  especially in the neighborhood of Main  street, where several deals in acreage  have been transacted. Dwelling houses  are in great demand, and now that the  weather has improved building'is being proceeded with in every locality.  ���������%%**>*  CAFE  B. Pope, Prop.  519 BROADWAY W.  Piano Tuning  Expert Rocpair Work.  Factory Experience  Best References  W. J. GOARD.  9991 2nd Avenue,  West  The Best EAT in the City.  A Good Square Meal always  guaranteed, otherwise  money returned.  Meals 6 to 10;  11:30 to 2;  5 to 8.   Short orders at all  hours.  Meal Tickets, $4.50  1   'ir���������   V.^v ���������*'$&  a<illon against Mr. Charles Choise for  statements reflecting upon his business.  SOUTH VANCOUVER SIGNPOSTS.  Signposts for the purpose of designating the various streets of the municipality of South Vancouver are to be  proceeded with immediately. These  posts were made to the order of the  1911 council .and have been, stored at  the hall grounds for some time. Main  throughfares will be the first streets  on which these posts will be erected,  but It is the Intention of the council  to eventually place them on' nearly every corner.  Mr. J. C. Mac Arthur and Mr. Robert  BacBride were amongst those who as-  companied the municipal council to  Victoria recently.  A WARNING TO AUTOI8TS.  On January 24 Cyril Davey of Vancouver was summoned before Magistrate Walker on a charge of contravening the motor tarffic regulations  act on the previous Sunday by driving his automobile on the wrong side  of the Edmonds' road and refusing to  take the proper side when requested  to do so by the police.  In court the defendant expressed  regret and explained that be had driven on the wrong side owing to the fact  ths he had been nearly ditched at  that spot on the previous Sunday.  Chief Parkinson accepted this explanation and withdrew the case >m payment of the costs, saying that he simply wanted to warn the public that  they must conform to the rules of  the road in Burnaby as in any other  place.  Q. E. McBride  & COMPANY  Headquarters for all kinds of Hardware  i, r '"."   i tTJ  'JV>J'J  EXPERT TEACHER of  Violin, Mandolin,   Guitar,   Banjo,  Authoharp   and  Zither.  Twenty Private Lessons   -   $8.00  No Class Lessons  Musicians supplies of every description.  y mm up-to-date music store  12348 Westminster Rd. nr. 8tb       Phone Fairmont 1567  **mmmmma*mmm*}*  ************************** ************************* >  HIUXREST p. o. BOX 15  PH0N|2: Fairmont 804 J  Y0UNQ & YOUNG  PLUMBING and STEAMFITTING; HOT WATEH  HEATING and STOVE CONNECTIONS;  GENERAL REPAIRS.  First-class work guaranteed.  : Estimates Given  C0������, 2|5t una WE8TUIN8TEBAVE :i  ****************************************************  Phono Fairmont M9      Always in Mt. Pleasant  Jelly's ^xjgress  and BagffflSie Transfer  Stand���������Main and Broadway  Phono - Fairmont 045  ntltll 111 It ltll HI I I'M' I'l"  ii ** ***** ** ****** 11������1 H I M  WillouqliPv's Cash Grocery j  A Stock of Staple and Fancy GROCERIES     jj  ::   PROVISIONS, BUTTER, EGGS. FLOUR, VEGETABLES. FRUITS <  < > t  ',;   Courteous   Treatment.   Good   Service,   Prompt   Delivery   and *  Reasonable Prices. 'j  :: br.UbAie.tMS. Catherines St.  Pbooe Falnnoof 1321  * ** 'I'* * I'* * i������ |i !��������� 'Ii 4 '!��������� *>+ ������������������������> * ���������!��������� * ���������'< * <��������� *   **4'*****4-*****4'**4 ���������������'���������'<������������������ I '**'*-  ,. 11 im 1111 it 1111 ******* 11111111 ii * n ii i * 1111111 inn  II Sterling Cafes;  Kin. Hasegawa, Prop.  2611 Main Street, near 10th Ave.  Phone: Fairmont 620R  625 Main Street, near Avenue Theatre  Phone: Seymour 7009 .  If you buy our Meal Ticket for $3.75 you save money, and  you can use the ticket at either Cafe  No. 2  No. I  ������y.i..l..Ii.|..|.<.4..>.|..I..M..|..|.^������^������.|..>.������.|.������.|..:~W''l-i8"l"i-������-i''l"I''l"I"i"I'liI !"M"1'MM"I4  aroun', tryin' to disciver how to follow  th' doctors directions."  Mrs.  McGuire���������"An'  what   are   th'  directions, Mrs. Finnegan?"  Mrs. Finnegan���������"Sure, they do be to  take wan, powder six  toimes a day  Mrs. .McGuire."���������Brooklyn Life-  A  Perplexing  Prescription.  Mrs. McGuire���������"Is your ould man  any better since he wint to th' doctor's, Mrs. Finnegan?"'  Mrs. Finnegan���������"Not wan bit, Mrs.  McGuire; sure it's worse th* poor man  Is  wid  his  head whirlin'  aroun'  an'  On January 26th a horse, driven  by a Chinaman, ran away from Sixteenth avenue and collided with the  rig driven by .Edward Phillips, South  Vancouver mail carrier. Phillips was  thrown from h.s rig, but escaped with-  out injury. The runaway continued  down Main street to the corner of Duf-  ferin street, where in a collision with  a wagon the Chinaman was thrown  from the cart and the horse was badly  cut.  SOUTH VANCOUVER SUICIDE.  On January 26 Herbert Eve, an employee of the South Vancouver municipality, strangled himself by tying one  end of a. thin skipping rope to the  head of his bed and the other end  around his neck. Mr. and Mrs. Eve  had lunched together, and afterwards  Mr Eve went upstairs to his room to  lie down. On discovering the body of  her husband lying over the side of the  bed with the feet dragging on the floor  Mrs. Eve summoned a doctor, aid later  ���������the police ordered the body, removed  to the undertaking parlors of Messrs.  Armstrong & Edwards, Vancouver.  RATEPAYERS'   ASSOCIATION  NUAL  MEETING.  AN-  At the annual meeting of the West  End of Ward Four Ratepayers' Association, held in the Strathcona school,  room the following were appointed officers: President, J. R. Jacobs; vice-  president, Joseph Hoskins; secretary  and treasurer, C. Urquhart. Messrs.  Shaw and Hoskins were appointed delegates to the central executive, and  Mr. J. F. Shaw, the 'retiring president  and Organizer, waB appointed a life  member of the association.  v A delegation from! the Grandview  Ratepayers' Association was present  at the meeting, which brought forward  a proposal for the affiliation of the  West End of Ward Four Association  with the Grandview Association. A  lengthy discussion took place, after  which a committee was appointed to  discuss the matter with the Grand-  view delegation and to forgard a report at the next meeting.  The meetings of the association for  the year will be held on the first  Wednesday of each month in the  Strathcona school.  LARGE ASSORTMENT OP  Heating Stoves  20 per cent  I Off Regular Prices  ? Cor. Main Str. and 16th Ave.  PHONE: Fairmont 899  NEW ROADS.  The Gold subdivision, on Main  street, near Bodwell road, is now ready  lor the roads and sidewalks, the clearing and grading have reached completion.  DAMAGES FOR SLANDER.  Ma Albert Martin Bailey of South  Vancouver was awarded $500 and costs  by Chtef/ Justice Hunter in a slander  MEETING OF RATEPAYERS.  On January 29 about 30 ratepayers  met in Hyde Park schoolroom and  passed a resolution to tbe effect that  the local ratepayers' association headquarters should be removed from Fisher's hall to the Hyde Park school.  This association formerly met in  the Hyde Park school, but owing to a  grievance, with the janitor the headquarters were removed to Fisher's  hall. This caused considerable dissension amongst the members.  The meetings in the Hyde Park  school were well attended last Sunday. Theer was a full attendance of  teachers and scholars at the Sunday  school. Mr. Lewis of the B. C. Evangelical Alliance addressed a large congregation in the evening.  Branch Store:  Corner Fraser and Miles Avenues  Phone: Fairmont 1167L  ************************** *************************  i  ������********************** ********************** IIIIMU  For good, values in  REAL ESTATE AND INVESTMENTS  Call on  TRlMBUE & NORRIS  Cor. Broadway and Westminster Road  ������i������'t������'i'������l������i������l������l'*'r*'i-������'i-������i*'i-������4'������i'������i������i������i������i������l������|i������.������������(l������l0^������l  j*  discussions onm imm mm  (Continued from P������qt 3)  power.   They are going to be disappointed..  Now, I want to make a few remarks  which I think I am bound to make. I  am not speaking here as a Catholic nor  as a member of any religion; 1 am  taking my stand on this question as  a Canadian. 'There seems to be an  impression on the different provinces,  perhaps our French Liberal papers in  Quebec are responsible for it, that an  attempt is being made to set race  against race and religion against religion. I am bound to say that I regret that this question, in some quarters���������fortunately not among the members of the House who realize the  mission that has been confided to them  by the electors of this country���������has  been unwisely discussed. I have seen  it stated in some of the newspapers  that the Ne Temer decree must be  taken up and settled in parliament, because we in the province of Quebec  are a priest-ridden people, that a foreign bishop makes laws for us, and  beuase those laws have been read  from the pulpits in our province they  therefore become the laws of thes  province. I want to tell the people  of the nine provinces of this Confederation that whilst we may. Catholics  and Protestants, adore God in a different manner, that whist we may go to  different churches, we are all British  subjects and we make our own laws in  Quebec. There are two lives which  every Canadian leads, one is his private life and tbe other is his public  life. His religion belongs to himself,  that is a sacred thing. We have seen  deligious wars, we have seen discussions on religion and people taking up  arms about religiou. Why? Because  people believe that everything in their  own religion is all right.  Let everybody believes what he likes  and what he thinks right. We .are  strong in our religious beliefs, and  why? Because we have learned them  from our mother's knee from our mothers, the sweetest word in God's creation. We have Imbibed onr religious  beliefs with the milk which we have  found near their hearts, and that is  probably the reason why Protestants  and Catholics in this country differ on  so jnany  questions.    But   though  we  life  may differ on religious questions there  are points on which we can agree.  There is one point on which we can  all agree, and that is that when a question like the one before the House  comes up for discussion and decision,  although we may loook at it from different points of view; we are glad that  the constitution of this country has  provided for a higher court, a higher  tribunal, in the Privy Council of England, where we can carry this question  to the foot of the Throne and have it  definitely decided. I am a Roman Catholic and a French Canadian, and I am  not going to ask that this question  should be decided by a Roman Catholic  priest or a Roman Catholic bishop. I  am prepared as a British subject to  carry this question to the foot of the  Throne and lay it before His Majesty,  and I do not think there ought to be  one man in this House on either side  who should object to the question being settled in that way by the Privy  Council. Everybody in this country  who is a British subject and who understands his duty will bow with submission to the judgment of the highest  court of the empire. A good deal of  uncertainty has been created in the  public mind by some of the remarks  that have fallen from hon. gentlemen  opposite. My hon. friend the .Minister  of Finance, who made a speech so eloquent and forcible���������and I beg him  t oaccept my sincere congratulations���������  has tried to clear the atmosphere of  some of the doubts which have surrounded this question, and he has performed a noble and patriotic duty.  Some hon. members have criticised  his remarks and have said: While this  is a strange thing, we are told now  that the Ne Temere decree is not in  force in any of the nine provinces of  Canada. Sir, the Ne Temere decree  has no civil effect in this country, and  I know whereof I speak. No one of the  Roman Catholic hierarchy pretends for  a moment that the Ne Temere decree  has any civil or legal effect in Canada.  The right hon. the leader of the opposition has said so very frankly and  very loyally. My hon. friend agrees  with what has been said by my hon.  frien dtbe Minister of Finance.  Mr. MACDONALD. The .Minister of  Finance agreed with him.  (Continued Next Week.)  l"l*4"l***4'***********+  *   EggS ������ndi:  I  That lay Eggs and produce Chickens.  Several varieties.  riggs ^  New arrivals of Fresh!  Eggs from Egg-Land!  daily.  I     For Prices of Fowls and Eggs  Enquire  1710 Grant St. 1637 Victoria Or. I  *4-*********4****<'***<">'~***l-*******i'**l 11 *4 lH*i*****t l&'l^fFJtrt^VEVlf'W^Vi^J^WM^^  TTTF. WESTERN CALL.  ������H II 111 HI til 1  I Automatic  f   Pistols  **************************  For Target Practice, or as an arm for  defence of home or person, the Automatic is  ACCURATE, SURE and SAFE.     We cany a large  stock of the most reliable makes.  TISD4LLS LIMITED  (Successors to Charles E. Tisdall) 919-920 Hasting* Street  ij 1 I T t I ! 1 T- T * r -*��������� * ��������� ������-���������������--������--������ ...-���������������..-.��������� ....-������.  **************************0*************^e*******  *  Clocks  Every household and  office need a reliable  timepiece. Our selection of clocks covers a  wide range from the  Useful Alarm to the  Beautiful Chime  Clocks. We are selling agents for the  famous BIG BEN ALAR/1.  ::  Geo. G. Bigger  Jeweller & Diamond Specialist  143 Hastings Street, W.  80UTH  HILL DEBATING SOCIETY.  , ,i  >������i|..i.������.ti������^^^it..ii.:..i..|..i.^.|..t..i..M^K-oi"i'i������'i\t-'t^'t'<<'i'������iirt'it''i't'ii--ri--i'i-  ���������ttMtte  g@WAY  Tactaleal  Art  152  Broadway  Near  Main St.  This Theatre is one of the most up-to-date places of amusement in the city.   The'Lantern and Electrical Apparatus  is of the latest approved type, ensuring a clear  and steady picture.  A Complete Change of Programme Every  Monday, Wednesday and Friday  Every film is inspected by the management before  v  being shown to the public and only those which  would pass the strictest censor are selected.  Prices of Admission:   Adults 10c  Children 5c  ������RQAPWAY, near main stuebt  *******%^******t*********o*************************  >   Wtert ������Pers <��������� 9n������  Hmmt Prices (or Hawtw  otanaview &ta.tiQ.    \  1        9onnlno hnopo In Papolrloo        *  40c to 50c, selling while they last at 25c  Envelopes 100, %0e  mm fmii*9 iffwuin emit* i***% iwioitrr, Tito**  ^ ��������� 130 PARK PRIVe  9************************0*************************4  m  Giv*ut a Trial.  Ttun judgt for  yourttlf. Tobaccos  Cigar*, Cigarette*  - ���������   m mm    fruits.  \mIwacrcUl BrK between ZaUui 3rt Ares, w. t. *���������������. ������*.  Hi Class Mc  !  Our Opinion on the  Ranffe Question  We know we have your confidence and we have  made ourselves worthy of it by handling the very  best merchandise in our line. 4  We are familiar with the good qualities of every  stove and range on the market.   In our opinion  itimnangei  is the best of them all and the  range in service will back us up  in every good thing we can  say of it  If there was a better range made, we would  advise you to buy it   Will  you not come and see it?��������� We  are sure we can convince you  inside of five minutes that what  we say about the South Bend Malleable is true.  Debate on Socialism���������Christianity Vin  dicated.  Qn Friday evening last at St. Mary's  parish hall, before an interested audience of working men, with a sprinkling  of ladies, Mr. Kingsley was invited to  states the views and motives of Social  ism, which were combatted by Mr  Jacquot. This well-known. Socialist;  who is an able speaker if inclined to  fly precipitately from one point to another, instanced the recent German  election results as proving that Socialism was the only gospel the world at  large was prepared to receive and re  pudlated Christianity as a failure. For  three-quarters of an hour he Inveighed  against capitalism and urged the doe  trine of production not for proilt hut  for the common use of the whole com  raunlty, stating that average i.orklng  hours when such a milennium was  reached would be but two only, and  when perfection was attained might be  duced to one hour per day. Mr. Jac  quot acquitted himself very ably in opposing these views and pointed out  the absurdity of the slavery of the  working man being assumed, as the  real thrifty employee could and did in  vest very largely in capitalist stock  and was very much better off than  the ordinary professional man. Other  speakers volunteered what may be  termed disjointed remarks and appeared very puzzled as to what Socialism really meant, which was not greatly helped by Mr. Mengle (who seemed  to derive great satisfaction in referring  to Mr. Kingsley as Comrade Kingsley!  a compliment which, it was observed,  was not reciprocated) who stated that  "Socialism was the study of capitalism," The Rev. Owen Bulkeley, after  alluding to long experience in slum  districts, asked why, if the. Saviour's  name was dragged in where the Socialists thought ti helped them to make  a point, they did not follow in His footsteps, and after stating that the truer  patriot and philanthropist was he who  cut off the causes rather than pottered  with the effects, and who prevented  the disease rather than alleviated tbe  symptoms, said the weakness of Socialists thought it helped them to make  the individual, when all. history taught  that individual effort had made the  world what it was, and that the Saviour's teaching, "Repent ye," could  not be ignored; that the submerged in  the world would not be raised or improved by Socialism, and that no decent working man would ever permit  himself to be classed with such. He^  invited Socialists to adopt Christian  Socialism, for "without Me ye can do  nothing." The chairman, Mr. Campbell, wound up the debate, correcting  Mr.: Kingsley's assertion that Rome  fell through slavery, for every student  of history knew that Its fall came  about through Its vices, and repudiated  the insinuation that Christianity was  a failure; rather it was men's and  women's vices that caused poverty and  distress, whereas only under the standard ot Christianity could the social position of the people ever he improved.  Altogether It was* a very instructive  evening for the Socialists, who do not  approve of debating the matter at all,  considering their gospel to he the only  one. It might further have been pointed out that the Socialist triumphs in  Germany meant that the people were  so Incensed against the government  for lowering, as they considered, the  prestige of the nation in the recent  Morocco agitation that they voted for  whatever candidates stood to oppose  Government members irrespective of  whether they were Socialists or men  of any political color rather than former members represented.  The South Hill Debating Society is  much encouraged at the result of this.  Its first debate, and will duly advertise the date and subject of the next.  and  Otherwise  Z. Frank's Hardware Store, 44  Water Street was burglarized on Wed:  nesday night of this week and $200  worth of guns and cutlery was carried off. The thief hurled a four-  pound rock through the large plate  glass and extracted the contents of  the show window through the opening.   Query:   Where were the police?  On Sunday, February 4, there was  held a reception service for new members in Mount Pleasant Methodist  Church.  Mr. L. Carter, who is well known in  British Columbia as an expert candy  and ice cream maker, has opened  premises at 1832 Commercial Drive for  the manufacture of candies and ice  cream. Long experience and attention  to business are amongst the essentials  of a man who intends to build up a  business, and, according to report,  these are the foremost characteristics  of Mr. L. Carter.  GRACE METHODIST CHURCH.  Sunday, Feb. ll"Missionary Day."  Collections and subscriptions for Missions both morning and evening.  Preachers���������10 a. m., Rev. G. K. Brad-  shaw; 7:30 p. m., Mr. R. Manly Orr.  Both are experts on missionary lines.  WM. ELLIOTT, Pastor.  SONS OF ENGLAND.  f  W. R. OWEN  2337 Main Street  Phone Fairmont 447  A branch of the Sons of England  Benevolent Society Is being organized  at Edmonds, a meeting being vailed  for Thursday evening, February 1, at  Morton Hall. There are at present  many members of the society in Burnaby, and with those who have expressed their willingness to joiit tbe  organization should commence with  more than fifty members.  ****** It V********* I������l���������t*****************************'  LOCAL OPTION LEAGUE.  Rev. Dr. Spencer has been requested  by the Local Option Executive to remain in office as superintendent till  his successor is appointed. He will  do so, and afterwards labor in British  Columbia as an evangelist and reformer, probably in association with  the league, but in general evangelism,  temperance and social service. The  platform of the league has been enlarged to co-related necessities, viz.,  (1) Loca] Option and Provincial Prohibition; (2) Civic, Social and Moral  Reform. The principle of votes for  women and direct legislation was endorsed at the recent convention,  though not made a plank in its platform. Dr. Ernest Hall was appointed  special lecturer for the league, without remuneration. The convention  was a good one and a spirit of optimism prevailed. Several recommendations are to be presented to the  Government.  E8TI MATED SCHOOL  EXPENDITURE  The estimated school expenditure  tor South Vancouver for 1912 is as  follows: Teachers' salaries, $36,717-;  music, $10,220; secretary, medical officer and supervisor, fuel, repairs, etc.,  $23,640; janitors, $10,380. The total  expenditure Is estimated at $80,957.  The B. C. Evangelical Alliance are  opening work in Grandview. Mr.  C. Gilchrist has kindly undertaken.the  duties of local secretary. The work  contemplated Is a bright undenominational Gospel meeting for Sunday  evenings and a work amongst boys  and young men during the week. As  a means of raising funds with which  to commence the work an entertainment is being arranged, and those who  would be willing to give their assistance are requested to communicate  wltb Mr. Mark C. GlIcbrlBt, 1744 Park  drive.  W. C. T. U.  A most successful Gold Medal contest was held In the Mt. Pleasant  Methodist church on Tuesday evening.  7th inst<, under the auspices of the  District W. C. T. U. The president,  Mrs. Curtis, ot the local union presided. The meeting opened with a  hymn followed by a prayer by Rev.  W. A. Hall. A pianoforte solo by  Miss Mabel Rlchel was rendered and  then tbe First contestant of whom  there were seven, was called upon  to recite. The seven young lady contestants recited in following order:  Contestant No. 1���������Miss May MCf  l*an. -. ..-  Contestant No. 2���������Miss Minnie Hall.  Contestant No. 3���������Miss Julia Gibson.  Contestant No. 4-���������Miss Evelyn Elliott  Contestant No. 5���������Miss Edna Smith.  Contestant No. 6���������Miss Ada Tucker.  Contestant No. 7���������Miss Amy Warwick.  The successful contestant was Miss  Warwick to whom was presented the  gold, medal by Rev. Lashley Hall, Miss  Elliott was also highly commended,  and also tbe others and deservedly so  The six contestants were presented  with a Bmall daintily bound volume.  The judges were Rev. W. Spencer,  Alderman BagBter, Mr. Matthews of  local High school, Mrs. Keeler and  Mr. A. Bowlee of Fraser school, during tbe evening the song "daddy" was  sweetly rendered by Mr. F. Spencer.  The Misses Richie added to the interest and brightness of the meeting  by a pretty duet (instrumental).  Whilst awaiting the decision of the  judges the interim was filled with a  short address by Mrs. (Rev.) L. Hall,  upon the general work of the W. C.  T. U. The able provincial superintendent of Medal contest work. Miss  Heather was presented with a lovely  basket of flowers by Mrs. McPher, to  District President for which the recipient very sweetly thanked the donors.  The judges all received tiny bouquets  of violets and each responded' in appropriate words, the Alderman pledging himself to support the cause of  Temperance. The Rev. Lashley Hall  in a brief speech timely pointed* out  the necesbity of something practical  being done in the city as a counter  attraction to the saloon. "God save,  the King," brought the pleasant and  profitable meeting to a close.   .  Blessed are they who have not fully  understood and yet have lent themselves to God's purposes. What we  are in ourselves clearly overbalances  every detail of our station and belongings. .  FIELDS AND FORESTS.  How Many Forests May Increase  Grain Yields.  A tribute to the business possibilities of Mount Pleasant has in the fact  that' Messrs. Lee & Wood, the well-  known painter and contractor of Vancouver, have opened premises at 623  Broadway West from which to conduct a retail business. It is their intention to carry a full line of wall papers, paints, oilB, brushes^ etc., and as  rents. In this locality are much below  city property, the public, should find it  cheaper to de al locally, than to go  Into the city. Amongst the painting  and decorating contracts successfully  'carried out by Messrs. Lee and Woods,  are The Winch block, Pacific block,  Rower block, and many of the largest  apartment houses and private residences in tbe West end.  How can the existence of forests at  the sources of a stream affect the  crops in the district watered by the  stream? '  The question is not hard to answer.  The chief need for the growth of all  plants is water. . One of the- best  known authorities estimates that field  crops use 300 to 500 tons of water  for every ton of dry material produced.  This useB up the water in from 2%  to 5 inches deep of the soil.  Naturally, the nearer the water is  to the roots of the plants, the easier  it is for the plants to take up the  water and the better the crop will  grow. Water, whether running free  in the stream or lying in the soil, will  seek the lowest level. If the level of  the water in' the stream falls, then  the water in the soli (first, from the  near neighborhood of the stream, and  then from farther away) will find its  way to the stream, and the level of  the water in the soil will fall, and so  the plants will And it harder to get  water.  In order tp keep up the level of the  streams in the summer, there must be  a constant flow of water from the headwaters.' It Isjwell known that, when  the forests are cut away, the water  from the melting of the snow in spring  and the rains of other seasons flow  away rapidly, often causing damage by  floods. The dry seasons of summer  find the stream almost dry.  The soil in the forest, however, is  of a spongy nature and soaks up the  water falling on it, afterwards giving  it out gradually and so furnishing an  even supply to the streams and enabling them to keep up their levels.  The higher the level of the stream Is  maintained, the higher will be the  level of the water In the soil, and the  easier the plants will find it to grow.  It 1b for reasons above outlined that it  is so important to the farmers of the  West that the Dominion forest reserves should be maintained. The  Rocky Mountain forest reserves thus  serves the farmers of Alberta and  Saskatchewan, the Riding and Duck  Mountain reserves the farms of northwestern and northern Manitoba and  the Turtle Mountain reserve a consld-  eragle portion of southwestern Manitoba.  Be  WESTMINSTER ROAD DISTRICT  IMPROVEMENT ASSOCIATION  > A new association was organized on  Wednesday evening, January 24.  known as tbe Westminster Road District Improvement Association. Tbe  following officers were elected; Mr.  Charles Rawson, president; Mr. R.  Edge, vice-president; Mr. W. Hazlett,  secretary-treasurer; Mr. E. Harford,  press agent.  The object of the association Is for  the general permanent improving of  Westminster road from Main street  tp Knight road and all close-in bystreets. Messrs. Howe and Jones  were appointed a committee to arrange with Ward 8 Aldermen (Messrs.  Trimble and Miller) for a meeting  with tbe B C. Electric Railway Co. for  an improved car service, city lighting  rates, etc. The city board of works  will be asked through Alderman Miller to provide at least a three-plank  crossing at all stopping places for  cars. Alderman Baxter, who is now  ln Victoria on city business, will be  asked to be present at the next meeting and discuss government plans re  Westminster road improvements.  The secretary was instructed to confer With the School Board for the use  of the small schoolbouse in Block 38  for meetings.  It was also decided that any member wishing to introduce new business must give tbe secretary three  days' notice. Sixteen members were  enrolled. Organizing meetings will be  held in the junction parlors, Westminster road.  Future meetings will be held on the  second and fourth Friday each month.  All property owners and residents of  this important street are requested to  attend the next meeting and help to  make it a success.  Best: it is, indeed,  To spend ourselves upon the general  good;  And, oft misunderstood,  To strive to lift the limbs and knees  that bleed:  This is the best, the fullest heed.  WE HAVE 6 HOUSES LISTED AE-  low that we can deliver subject to  the first deposit. Look them over,  then see us.  No. 1  HOUSE NO. 315.-17TH AVENUE  West, 6 rooms, furnace, fireplace,  panelled hall and dining room, bath  and toilet separate, open balcony at  back on second floor, full lot, 33x137  to lane. Our price to sell quick Is  only $5250 and terms of $600 cash  and the balance $100 every 3 mos.  and interest at 7%.  No. 2  /���������  No. 3  120 22ND AVE. W.f NEAR QUESEC  St., 5 rooms, bungalow style, furnace,  laundry tubs, bath and toilet sep.,  bevelled plate and colored glass  doors, electric fixtures, all complete,  bur price only $4200, only fSOf cash  and the balance $35.00 per mo. and  Interest.  No. 4  \  HOUSE ON CORNER 1STH AND  John St., 6 rooms, furnace, fireplace,  panelled hall and dining room, electric light fixtures, good high lot and  corner; sold for $4800; you can have  it now for $4500, $500 cash and the  balance $45 per mo., Including Interest.  No. 5  HOUSE NEXT TO THE ABOVE SIM  liar to above in every way.   Price  only $4200, $400 cash, balance $40 per  month, Including Interest.  No. 6  HOU8E ON 50 FT. LOT ON 17TH  Ave. near Martha St, 6 rooms, modern, only 1 block to cars, and a good  buy at $4500, easy terms.  & CO.  HOUSE NO. 27������v���������18TH AVE. WEST,    ij  33x137 ft. lot,' 7 rooms and all modern  conveniences; furnace. We can deliver this home for $5500, only $600  cash and the balance at $60 per  month including interest. See this  home without delay.  2343 Main Street  Phone:   Fairmont    497


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