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The Western Call 1912-02-16

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 Published in the Interests of Vancouver and the Western People  VOLUME III  H. H. Stevens,,M.P., EDiTOR-in-Chiei  BRITANNIA AND UNISTAfIA  The Larger Federation.  The Canadian Provinces have   had   the   good  ������ sense, in the past, to enter into a federation, or  confederation.   This lias been done by Australia,  ,by South Africa, largely by India and the adjacent   British   possessions.    Further  still,   Great  jiBritain is a federation of the English, Scotch,  'i Irish. Welsh and Manx.   And we may say that the  'above federated nations are also in one larger  I and more powerful confederation.   This is known  las the British Empire.   Now let Us-cast about a  [bit.  The many States of the Union south ofjCanada  (have also entered into a federation.    Hence we  frequently read of the Federal House,  in con-  itrast with the legislative houses of that great  [republic.  What is in my mind, and yrha't seems to be in  the air. may be put in a nutshell. ' Many of the  best men of both great nations have the conviction  that the times are coming when Great Britain  and the United1 States will enter into a larger  land mightier confederation than the w:bjrld has  ever known. Their relationship to the resit of the  , world is such that it is most likely that sueh a compact will yet result.  Furthermore, it seems to be almost' necessary  at the present moment.   Let me explain what is  in mind.    The Anglo-Saxon  peoples  have  one  . IDEAL, and the. European peoples have another,  i Their parallel history from the very first shows  | this to be trtfe.   The ideal of Europe is that of  hard matter-of-fact materialism, while that of the  Anglo-Saxon is spiritualism.   Of course, I can see  the sneer on the lip and nose of certain persons.  But it is a fact that the spirit of the Anglo-Saxon  I is that of justice, li^ertyj equality, intellectuality,  ^morality and spiriuality.   True, these men live  [in a material world, and have sense enough to  l meet the pressing and manifest conditions.   Hence  |they carry the ''material''An {hand to- meet tye  (demands resulting from contact with;gross materialistic national environment.^; Its is|a::factithat  jfGermany, Austria^ Italy, Russia !������nd spine others  ["lire saturated with the ideals of intense militarism  and eommercialisin.   Jlveni their schools of ��������� the  higher grades exist so" as to introduce-the rising  ^generation by the, surest means to deal with practical everyday trade, applied science," the,pursuit^  of war and the convergence of the spirit jiM ihtei-  1 lect upon the means by which tTic"1 co^rete, nia- *  terial world may be handled for ^rspnjal and  especially for national gain. ..,J.-yl ���������%���������>;:  On the other hand, the Anglo-Saxon^s always  found his greatest joy in wing the material so as to  advance tbe idea], the abstract, and the spiritual  This is true of the British Empire, in*U its parts  today. It is true,,also of the United States. In  this-; J refer to these nations in their official and  clearly; manifested purposes.      '     ��������� -  Tbe Asiatic and European nations and empires  are so converging in material necessities that they  are gradually coming into a new relationship.  Ere many decades we shall see Europe and Asia  .one large armed military camp. In the first instance, Europe through a military oligarchy will  be the hegemonic dictator. Later on, Asia will  control tie materialistic destinies as against the  idealistic destinies in the hands of the Anglo-  Saxons. In all probability when the two world  powers are distinctly manifest in their mighty  array, we shall see Japan in her true place. And  that is by the side of the Anglo-Saxons, for assuredly she is one of two ancient peoples. She is  Hebrew or Assyrian. 'In either case she must be  in the Anglo-British, Anglo-Saxons, Saxon-Israel,  or Anglo-Israelitish confederation.  There are two classes of persons I might address  this article to. One is the Bible believer, and the  other is the rejector of that book. The former  cannot sneer at my words unless he be ignorant.  The latter I care little about so far as this letter  is concerned.  The former snys he believes that the Bible is  God's word and revelation to humanity. On this  ground I am safe. If this view be correct, then  the United States will undoubtedly unite with her  brother, or sister, as we care to term Britannia.  The United States is a part of ancient Israel. I  am speaking of the nation in an official capacity.  In like manner I speak of Britain in her official  and national relationship.  Israel must be united in the day when Russia  and the conjoined confederation of many states  and countries come down to possess the fields,  mountains, valleys, cities and holdings of Palestine. They are yet to come. Ezekiel says so in the  plainest terms. And the book being accepted as  God's revelation, there can be no room for doubt.  The movements of Europe, the intensified claims  of Germany, and Russia in particular, and the  ^treacherous necessities for commercial and military expansion make it imperative to believe that  the time is near at hand for those of one blood,  history, ancestry and like traditions, as well as  similar ideals and spirit, to unite into a mighty  and invincible company of nations to' meet the  test and strain of national existence.  I do not blame Germany, or Austria, or Russia.  They are but pawns on the chessboard of terrestrial time. They are moving in their appointed  orbits. So are their idealistic and spiritualistic  competitors. The clash is coming. The Hague  tribunal farce cannot stop it, and never was honestly intended so to dp. The "Peace Commissions" are unable to prevent the plans of eternity.  Ezekiel says those on one side in the coming  eontest on the mountains of Israel are "Gog, the  <mief Prince of Mesheeh and Tubal: Persia, Etheio-  (Continued on Page 8)  VANCOUVER, British Columbia, FEBRUARY 16. 1912.  ' * \ "{* *?%j%m  ���������*p*^*^*^*'*'*m-*'������*-*-*'*-**-*-***'*.-*'^* ���������*���������**���������*���������.���������*���������*���������*.*���������**>*���������*** *���������* *���������**>*������������������ * ** * ***:* * *���������*���������*!���������������*<* * *<* ****** *���������*:*+**  Oriental Immigration-Chinese  In two previous articles we have dealt briefly with the "Oriental Immigration Problem" in so  far as it relates to the Japanese and Hindu; this week we purpose dealing with it from the standpoint of "Chinese Immigration."  In many respects the Chinese are the least objectionable of all classes of Orientals; they do  not invade the realm of labor to quite the same extent as the Japanese, nor are they so importunate or as troublesome as the Hindu.  The Chinaman was one of the first of the Oriental races to emigrate to the American Continent, and has, to some extent, beeome quite-a firmly established institution. On the Pacific Coast,  as household servants and as cooks in cafes, etc., they are very widely employed; this }s largely  because of the scarcity of female servants. In this respect, however, it is well to note that this  condition is partly the result of the employment of the Orientals in other fields. To a very great  extent British Columbia fisheries are in the hands of the Japanese; our logging and shingle-bolt  industry is also being rapidly passed over to the Japanese. 'In the factories, saw mills and shingle  mills the Jap,' Hindu and Chinaman is largely employed to do work which formerly supported thousands of white men; the result is that the class of citizen from which the household servant is  drawn, has been supplanted by the Oriental; or in other words, many industries, which should be  supporting a large white population with a family, is so completely in the hands of these Orientals that it is impossible to secure any domestic help, because of these conditions.  It should be remembered that this is not the result of any immediate change, socially or industrially, but has been an evolutionary process, so gradual and subtle that it has scarcely been noticed,  except, by those who have been close students of economic conditions. In fact, many do not even  yet realize the conditions which actually obtain, but imagine that we may continue this policy indefinitely and still retain our race supremacy-:  The1 Chinese are also very good business men and have extensive commercial interests, operate  many laundries, conduct extensive market gardens (practically control that industry), have an  extensive share of the restaurant trade and own a large amount of real estate, so it will be observed that he is no small factor in the economic life otthe community.  At this point the question naturally arises! if all this be true, why should we interfere with  the Chinese immigration or restrict his operations? First, because he has not, and will not assimilate. In spite of the fact that thousands of these Chjhese have been in British Columbia for upwards of twenty years, they still remain Chinese in every respect. They live together in their own  Chinese districts, in their pwrn Oriental way. wearing their .native dress, and import their own food,  supplied from their own stores, they save their money and send it to China and usualy return there  for their old age. They are inveterate gamblers a nd in this respect corrupt a large proportion of our  Voting people by inducing them to play their games. In Vancouver alone, from actual personal  observation of the writer, upwards of three hundred of young men under twenty were nightly in  these Chinese gambling dens. Not only are the y morally corrupt in this way, but as opium fie ds  and'>white slave traders they are still more guilty and a serious menace to the country.   From a  (Continued on Page B)   'v. .''.C "  ****** *������ ***������ *** !��������������������� ** * * * . **** * ������** * ******* * *>,** * I ** ** ***, *. * ** ******* *,* ,*.* **-*!  **  4  o  ***'*���������*������������������* +*-**-*'jh*-*-*-f*-**..******>**>**i***j**'*>*>*************<* ***���������*������������������**>* ���������������+ ********m**.**.*+*i������  THE CANADA QRAIN ACT  One of the most important measures before the Dominion House this session is the Canada  Grain Act introduced by the Hon. Geo. E. Foster. It is evident from this act, and other efforts  of the Minister of Trade and Commerce, that he takes hia office seriously and to exercise his ability to ft** "limit in Tiromoting the interest of the country.  A complete analysis of the bill is out of the question as it covers 74 closely printed sheets.  We can do no better than to publish elsewhere a copy of the speech of the JTon. Geo. E. Foster on the occasion of the introduction of the Bill.  , The Bill provides for the appointment of a Board of Grain Commissioners, who "shall be to  devote all their time to the performance of their duties under the tbe Act." This commission  appoints officials vto carry out its provisions, and to make regulations for control of elevators.  The inspectors carefully inspect the grain and issue certificates. for same, they also grade the  grain according to distinct rules, the basis of which is that the grade made for a given shipment shall be according to the poorest quality found in the sample. Inspection must also be  made in daylight.  The Act provides for "Board of Examiners" to asseertain qualifications of applicants for  position of inspector, also a "Grain Standards Board,' to establish such commercial grades as may  be deemed fit.  The fees set in the Act for inspection are for grain in sack, one-third of a cent per cental;  grain in bulk, per carload, fifty cents; grain in cargoes, per one thousand bushels, fifty cents.  Provision is made for penalties for certain offences such as inspection without authority or  issuing of false certificates, or uses an inspector's certificate, or issues same; or gives.or takes a  bribe or reward to falsify returns.  The conditions for "storing, cleaning andbinning" are well worked out and may be considered a strong feature of the Bill. The inspector may order a shipment of grain to be cleaned,  which must be done under his supervision.  All owners or lessees of elevators must have a license from the Board before they can do  business. No discrimination is allowed between parties wishing to store grain in such elevators.  All grain tendered for storage must be aeepted if there is room in the elevator. The identity of  the grain must be preserved and no mixing of grades is permitted. The Board also regulates the  charges for storage, cleaning, handling and fire insurance, and no elevator man is. permitted to  charge any other rate.  Hospital elevators are provided to treat grains out of condition and all grain which is found  to be out of condition may be ordered, by the inspector, removed to the hospital elevator for  treatment. The Act further provides for the distribution of cars by the Railway Companies and  prevents discrimination, under penalty of a fine of $500 to #1000 for each offence.  The Bill, as a whole, is a splendid measure and a distinct step forward in the interests of the  producer and should be heartily endorsed by the grain growers and buyers alike.  I*,***,***********,*,*****,*,***************!***������***.******* ******************  A* ****** a* ********* **** ** **���������������������������* ***.*���������*���������*.������.*+���������*+���������*.���������* ������������������������;��������� *���������* *<** * *���������* t * * * ���������* * * * ��������� * *���������* * ������ ������ * * * ��������� * * * i * ** *  * BREACH OF FAITH WITH 1. W. W.  Is The World not guilty of a breach of faith with the I. W. W. ? After acting as champion in  their unwarranted defiance of law, order and sane speech, up to the point where the results became evident and matters were reaching a culmination in atheistic and revolutionary speech  with threats of "foreign, interference," by force and insult The World proves false to its trust and  comments thus on Vincent St.. John and his telegram: "Every member of the organization  known as the Industrial Workers of the World resident here owes an apology to the other citizens  in Vancouver for this insulting telegram from the Chicago secretary."  Continuing to dwell on the subject, "the paper that prints the facts" says: "That difference  we can settle among ourselves without any help from Chicago."  The World is evidently taking offence at another "butting in" on its job of leading the T. W.  W..' and it strikes at the "foreign" rival champion coming from Chicago. Now we fully agree  with the literal sentiment of the above quotation, but still maintain it is a "breach of faith" with  the I. WT. W. because up to the present the attitude of the paper toward the disturbers was one of  encouragement for the organization and hostility toward Mayor Findlay and all city authority.  Consistency, thou art a jewel." crushed in the hands of the editor of The World, whose repeated announcements of friendship fomented the lawlessness in question and inspired the telegram  from Chicago.  True, Vancouver can and will take care of. its own trouble without the assistance of the Chicago braggart or any of his ilk: but why should The World change front just when courage, fidelity and steadfastness would rally the now disheartened forces?  It should be noted that the faltering champion hastens to say that it "abates no jot of its  position." and promises to return to the guns later when danger is past. This is comforting to the  I AVon't Workers! j,  To every advocate of genuine free speech we give the right hand of fellowship, but for all j[  unholy license of speech and insult to the flag and authority we promise consistent changeless i  opposition. We commend Magistrate South for handling deluded John Browns and other anarch- f  istic, revolutionary offenders against public sentiment and law. <f  Free Speech is our birthright, being sons of Britain; and for free speech we join with all  citizens, but for the lazy good-for-nothing hoboes and other enemies of our city and commonwealth  we recommend arrest and the stone-pile cure. i  **-*������*****.*******������***���������*���������**-***************������***���������*���������*****���������***���������*���������***���������*���������****** ******  i>  a  f  i  i  !  *  I  J  f  RUNNING COMMENTS  ON CURRENT EVENTS"  February 12th, 1912 A.D.  8unday Papers.  It is a great pleasure and a cause of rejoicing to  know that the News-Advertiser, on its own initiative, ceased selling on Sunday, and a still greater  cause of congratulation that Mayor Findlay and  those co-operating with him have determined to  stop all public street selling of papers. Thif  should have been done before, but better late than  never. Ijater on. when the Christian world re*  turns to the keeping of the tme Sabbath instead  of the day set apart in honor of Sun-worship, or  Baal-worship, then a much larger number of people will be ready voluntarily to cease Sabbath  work. Still since we have one day of the week  set. apart for religious purposes and for individual  and national rest, we do well to honor that day  and thus honor pur, own best manhood.  Enforcement of the Provincial Liquor License.  British Columbia never had as vigorous enforcement and so successful a recognition of the law  of limitation as of late. We must add our testimony and appreciation to that of others. The  present Government is doing better all round work  than any of its predecessors.  Mr. Hawthornthwaite, M.L.A., seems to be alive    "  and active.   He is a man full of animal life.   It  is a pity that he has not yet learned to cease playing to the lowest of the human classes.   He seems  to be body and soul taken up with the idea that  he can make a larger orbit for himself in which  to move, by taking up the barking of the most  anarchistic rabble that ever cursed our country.'  His is a vigorous life badly directed, and which ���������  is being dissipated against the granite rocks of  solid sense and national respect for law, which in  plain English means respect for the matured will  of the people as expressed down through the long  ages of successful human life.   Those individuals,     /  communities and nations who have been failures,  have been characterized by disregard for law, wisdom, experience, aud a comprehensive grasp of  what a nation is and should be.  In this class Mr.  Hawthornthwaite most surely is placed by hit  own foolish and exceedingly crude course in relation to his legislative duties and opportunities.  Perhaps he is honest, df so, then he lacks  kuowledge; Perhaps he lacks both knowledge and  honesty. Of this I do not positively express my  opinion at present. His fool-talk about the "Cossacks" and knout of the Vancouver police condemns him as unfit to seriously undertake any  kind of wise and apt legislative work. So far as  his attempts go, they stand for lawlessness and  treasonable anarchy*  The I. W. W. If any horde of noisy, coarse, disreputable creatures ever came into Canada from  another country it is this brutal crowd of I. W.  W. ?. Ignorant Wild Werwolves, or Irresponsible  Witless Wind-jammers would be a better translation, and more apt, than Industrial Workers of  the World. True, they do work, but it is only  with the jaw-bone. They eat and they talk. But  when they, with a tongue, set fire of hell, urge sedition and the destruction of life and property aa  they too often do, then the prison, stonepile, lash  and the hangman's ropetawait them.  These men are INVADERS, or Filibusters, or  TRAITORS. As such, after a fair notification, a  gentle reminder by imprisonment, a few months  at the stonepile, and a few doses of the prison lash,  then if they are still determined to destroy and  hold up Canadian cities as they tell us they have  done in the States, then, I say, there is but one  logical course, and that is hanging. The proper  treatment of British subjects, who, through rottenness of heart and moral depravity, desecrate our  British flag and our laws, by brute force, is death.  This is the highest mercy to them as well as to  the. masses. Mercy and safety at times require  stern justice. And this will come to these scoundrels who threaten to come, or, rather, who come  to ruin (������ur city and trample upon all that is sacred  and tends to the safety and purity of the home  and community.  So let traitor British subjects and foreign invaders, pirates, or filibusters beware! In my  words. I speak for ninety per cent, of British  Canadian citizens. What I say aloud, tens of  thousands speak on the streets, in the trains,  offices and homes.  "The Saturday Sunset.  One thing I admire in Bruce is this: He is no  coward. lie speaks right out. He lets all men  know where he stands. And although he is sometimes foolish and uses a lot of words that would  be better left in his dictionary, especially when he  calls those whom lie dislikes in the political or  journalistic arena by hard names. Still I admire  him when he talks candidly to the anarchists and  L W. Werwolves, and others who deserve his lash.  Bruce and the Orangemen.  A'h. alas, alack. Bruce! Oh. Bruce! Do you not  feel sorry that you so unkindly referred tome in  your last issue? You were not kind, or thoughtful, or correct, or considerate. Do you know what  you did?   Perhaps you were thoughtless!  It was im unkind cut to place my name on the  same page with that of the "Ex-Fireman." Mr.  Samuel Gothard. Now. why did you do this unkind act? Do you want to break a man's heart.  "It was a close shave." And to think that Bruce,  from Bruce, would do such an act to another man  from Bruce. Go to. O Bruce! Infidel, "I have  thee on the hip." I shall now face thee up to one  of thy gods, a real, life, active, much-revered Grit-  (Continued on Page 8)  V    'I  -m ���������TIVO Ng&ISgM mT,  ******* I ******* l*l*'l*l<*4**  *************************4  We have the most complete stock of Carpenter's Tools  ;;   in Grandview and we sell at CITY PRICES.        We sell to ;;  < >   give our customers satisfaction, all our tools being uncon- <  !I   ditionally guaranteed.      Come and look over bur stock. !  Tools  Jap-a-Lac  If your chairs, tables or floors got dam- '.  aged   during Xmas   excitement,   you ;;  cannot do better than use the above ��������� ���������  varnish stain,       It is easy to put on, drys quickly and also !'  ;   drys hard.      WATCH OUR WINDOWS.  ii 1714-1716 Park Drive       Phone; Seymour 8691  BRANCH STORE COLLINOWOODC       Phone 19 ;  ************************** ***i*'********************  FMNESt  Office Sefaoar 164  les. Seymrar2l79L  Offices 108-109 Dodson Block  25 Hastings Street. East  A. M. BEATTIE  Auctioneer,   Appraiser and Notary Public for British Columbia  General Real Estate, Mining Broker, Financial Agent  ******* 1 M*******'! lit I'I HI ********************47*****  I The Reliable Sheet Metal Works  ���������  ��������� 3127 Westminster Rd. Phone: Fairmont 868   ;  i > i ���������  i ������-,   . . ; ��������� ���������: :���������������������������, ������������������������  \  Cornices, Jobbing and Roofing !���������  j; FTONACBJ WORK A SPECIALTY.     '  :j- C. Frrington C. Magnone  **\*,*********4'************* ':**************** ***** *-***4  ************************** ���������***************'***********_  ��������� j CORNER 1.1th AVENUE and M^IN STREET  for DRUGS and PRESCRIPTIONS  Call Fairmont 5������4  :: Stationery, Magazines, Toilet Articles, Cigars :  and Tobacco. ���������*'������������������ ,.-j  4. R. PARUNG���������Yawr Pmggist  *************************** **************************  DEBATE ON THE I TEMERE DECREE  By Eminent Statesmen, Particularly Hon. R. L. Borden (Prime Minister)' Sir Wilfrid  Laurier and Hon. L. P. Pelletier (Postmaster Geuenal)  < ������������������������������������������������������������������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!.���������!��������� ���������������.���������!��������� ���������!��������� .f ���������!��������� ��������� <��������� ���������!��������� ������������������������ ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!���������   ***************************  i: SSSJF   TltA Hah   ctSSSSiton *  :: 5io I llW   MUI1    c&salter*  j; 9949 Main 91* Motoro from 111h*%v  i: 999 09   ��������� J  ������> We have a good clean selection of .j.  Chocolates, Candies and Table .fruits  J J   We have a big line of Cigars, Cigarettes and Tobacco to choose from    ������������������  |j Agents for Woman's Bakery Bread and Confectionery. j  ��������� > Milk, Cream, Buttermilk and Butter Fresh Daily. '\  ' 'hii * i1 iii ii *>*** niini ii **************************  4*++^+r++^+-* I I I Ii I I I  m*>    lull  nun  The Buffalo Grocery  The House of Improvement  Groceries  Fresh, Best in Quality, Abundant in Quantity  The Kind that Please.  Vegetables.   Provisions,  Eggs  Butter, etc., at Lowest Prices.  Cor. Commercial Drive & I4th Ave.  J. P. SINCLAIR, Prop.    PHOM: Fairmont I033B  tm- .  . m ."��������� .i .  .  .mm***.*.....      ���������'���������.^.���������p.it......i.i������'...  (Continued from Last Week.)  Mr. PELLETIER. .Well, it is all  right; I am prepared to put it in1 that  way. Let ub have this question settled and let us not have any other  bon. gentleman sitting behind my right  hon. friend come and tell my hon.  friend, the Minister of Finance that  he is wrong when he agrees with the  right hon. leader of the opposition.  The Ne Temere decree, like the Council of Trent, is a pronouncement made  by the Roman Catholic Church, just  like a pronouncement made by the  head of the Anglican church, by the  presbyteries and Synods of the different religious bodies in Canada���������  even by the Orangemen. They pass  laws and, if I am not mistaken, they  tell me that it is forbidden in the  Orange order for an Orangeman to  marry a Catholic girl. If the Orange  order says that, if the Presbyterian  church says that, and if the Methodist  church says that, are you surprised  that the pope is of a different opinion?  Let us have some give and take about  it. Let us give to all religious beliefs  the right to say as they are all saying,  that they may make certain rules from  the point of view of their own church  that do not bind people who do not belong to that church. Such rules do not  bind so far as the civil law of any  country is concerned? That seems to  me as .clear as it is possible for any  man to make it. I have here a quotation from "The Tablet," the organ  of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of  Westminster and an authority on Catholicism. What do I find on this  question of the Ne Temer decree?���������  "The decree speaks only of canonical'nullity or validity of marriages;  that is the nullity or validity in the  judgment of the Catholic Church and  in the sight of God. The Cotholic  Church, though she does not acknowledge that the state has any right to  determine what marriages shall be null  or valid, has no power to change the  civil law of marriage."  That is an authoritative statement!  "Therefore, notwithstanding the recent decree, if two persons of any religion whatever, against whose marrying there is no legal impediment (that  is no civil impediment according to  the laws of England), marry each other in England according to the riquire-  ment of the English law, their marriage is (and such marriages shall continue to be) in law, valid and 'binding,  whether a priest or other minister of  religion be present or not."  This is the universal opinion of all  the Catholics of this country. The Roman Caholic Church does not pretend  to impose its views on different  religious beliefs or different religions. It is preposterous to say that,  and I hope and trust that before lo������g,  if theer are any people in this country  who still believe that to be the case,  they will come to a better knowledge  and understanding of the whole position. I have read with some interest  a question which was put in the British House of Commons on this very  subject last summer when things were  'at fever heat. The question was put  to the government and I have here  the answer which the government  gave.  An^hon. MEMBER. Who asked the  question?  Mr. PELLETIER. I do not know  who asked the question. I thought  that was not very important if I had  the answer.  "Mr. Birrell (a minister of the British government) said 'The law knows  nothing of papal marriage legislation.  We believe that under it, our Catholic  fellow men are not so free as we to  marry and divorce and marry again.  Our courts will continue to administer  our own law, and all who apply for its  benefits shail have them. It has lost  none of its efficiency since August 2,  1907.'"  This is the answer that was given.  I read the other day a statement in a  paper over which appeared these, headings:  "MARRIAGE IS VALID.  "Famous Case in Which Pap-<1 Decree  Was Invoked."  In this case the Judge declared that  the Ne Temere decree did not apply in  Ireland.  Mr. WILSON (Laval). Why go to  the Privy Council after arguing for  five or six minutes like the hon. gentleman has, that the Pope and the  whole hierarchy of the church have  declared that this Ne Temere decree  does not interfere with our civil rights?  Mr. PELLETIER. My hon. friends  is a very brilliant lawyer 1n Montreal,  but he is absolutely astray with regard to the question he has put. The  question that is going to be referred  ' to the Privy Council is not whetner  the Ne Temere decree is of civil effect, but whether a certain Bill proposed by my hon. friend from Lincoln  (Mr. Lancaster) is constitutional or  within the powers of this parliament  Mr. PROULX. It my hon. friend (Mr.  relletier) thinks that it is only a canonical decree and has no effect in  civil law, why pass an Act such as  the hon. member for Lincoln proposes?  Mr. PELLETIER. I am showing that  there is some misapprehension of  opinion between eminent lawyer like  my hon. friend from Lincoln on the  one side and some hon. gentlemen on  the other, and bo many doubts have  arisen that this Bill has been proposed. It is evident that there is doubt  since some lawyers are of one opinion  and others of another opinion. So we  shall refer tbe question to the Privy  Council and have it threshed out. I  suppose my hon. friend will understand and appreciate my answer. I  think it Is our boundeh duty at the  present moment not only to thresh out  this question and to try to have the  decision of the Privy Council, but to  try and remove all causes of possible  friction between different classes of  citizens in this Canada of ours.  If some Canadians belonging to certain religious belifes think that another religion or some other Canadian  entertaining or having some other religious beliefs are encroaching on  their rights, the sooner we dispel this  idea the better for the future of this  country an dof confederation. I was  surprised when I saw that and I asked  myself: What kind of a lawyer have  they in Ireland who has gone before  the Court of Justice there and pretended that the Ne Temere decree  could be a bugbear. It seems to me  that is some trick���������  Sir WILFRID LAURIER. That was  not the question. You speak of the  case of Usher and UBher?  Mr. PELLETIER. A landlord called  Usher.  Sir WILFRID LAURIER. The case  was before the court, the validity ot  the marriage was attacked because  the requirements of the Ne Temere  decree bad not tbeen observed, ln that  only one witness was present, instead  of two.  Mr. PELLETIER; Tbe marriage had  not taken place according to the requirements ot the Catholic religion.  We hear a great deal about the protection of women. I believe in protecting the women, and I believe the children of this country, should have a  standing. But what do we see in this  case? We see a gentleman, a landlord named Usher, a Galway landlord  who went over and wanted to be married at 11 o'clock in the evening to a  housemaid; apparently he could not  wait There was one child issue of  the marriage, and when that landlord,  who had thought fit to put his landlordism at the feet of his housemaid,  after some months thought he would  throw her into the street, as an outcast, wanted to have the marriage dissolved, it was not dissolved, and it  serves him right.      ^  I would not like- anybody in this  country or ir. this House to believe  that the Ne Temere decree would have  any such effect as this landlord desired. As I said, I am not authorized  to speak for any religion here, but I  think we are all Christians, we are  Protestants, Presbyterians, Methodists,  Catholics, but we are all Christians,  and there is one thing on which we  shall agree: That is that before tbe  Christian era women did not occupy  the high position which they have occupied since the beginning of the  Christian era. since that glorious time  all Christians have paid to women  the respect taught to us by the one  common Lord and Saviour whom we  all adore, although in different ways  and in different churches. I do not  want anybody to believe that the Roman Catholic religion wants to make  outcasts of poor women and to make  legitimate the children of those whose  marriage has been declared null. There  is, as has been declared by the Minister of Finance, an article in our Civil  Code which says that even when marriages are declared null they produce  all their civil effects as between uhs-  band and wife and as far as children  are concerned. The Catholic church  does not want to dissolve marriages.  Mr. CLARKE (Essex). What is the  effect of the dissolution under the law?  Mr. PELLETIER. The effect is only  as far as the civil marriage is concerned. I think all Christian religions  are on the same footing, we are all  opposed to clandestine marriages. We  try and put as many obstacles in tbe  way of clandestine marriages as possible.  Two Catholics who go to a Protestant minister if they think they ought to  go are at liberty to do so, and we respect their opinion. But why do they  go there? Very often in order to make  a clandestine marriage. If they do  not marry before their priest they have  some   reason  for  that and  we  have  found, I have *��������� seen many cases of  young girls who were married in this  way. The clergyman who performed  the marriage ceremony had the marriage license all right, he was within  his rights, he was doing his duty, but  sometimes marriage licenses are obtained by improper means! The result  is that we see in the papers very  often that the father of a boy or a_ girl  goes after the young groom or bride  quickly as possible to bring him or her  back home. It is in order to avoid  things like that that these decrees  have been issued by tbe Catholic religion. Tbe object is good, the effect  may have beeji bad, but the objbet is  good, and it Is one which members of  all religions have always upheld, that  marriage should be public and celebrated openly so as to prevent any possible mistake, and as much as possible,  bigamy.  Mr. CLARKE (Essex). I do not  think my hon. friend understood my  question. I understood him to say that  notwithstanding the dissolution of a  marriage it does not affect the legitimacy of the children or their rights  of property. I asked what, under these  decisions, was tne effect of dissolving  the marriage.  Mr. PELLETIER. As far as two  Catholics are concerned, it has been  shown in one stated case tonight. It  has never been pretended and it is  not now that mixed marriages, that is  a marriage between a Roman Catholic  and a Protestant, are invalid. They are  "perfectly valid and legal and are considered as such by the Roman Catholic church itBelf.  Mr. HUGHES (Victoria). Both civil  and sacramental?       .  /Mr. PELLETIER . As my right hon.  friend (Sir Wilfrid Laurier) said a moment ago, it is only marriages contracted by two Catholics. These marriages are dealt with by article 163 of  our Civil Code:  "A marriage, although, declared null,  produces civil effects,'as well with regard to the husband and wife as with  regard \to the children, If contracted ln  good faith."  M. SINCLAIR. Take the Hebert case  where both-husband and wife aire Roman Catholics, and are married by a  Protestant clergyman. Assuming that  the, court will decide that marriaW is  invalid, and that the .final eou,rP| of  appeal decides that, will the children  be regarded as legitimate?'"j?'.''?    v'  Mr. PELLETIER.   Certal������jly||   /  Mr. SINCLAIR. And will the *!fe  have all her civil rights notwithstanding that decision? ���������'*.;.������������������  Mr. PELLETIER.   Certainly.  M r. SINCLAIR. Will the husband  still be compelled to support her?  Mr. PELLETIER.   Certainly.  Mr* HUGHES (Kings, P.E.I.). If the  Ne Temere does not affect the civil  law of any province in Canada, does  not affect marriages of Protestants or  mixed marriages, where is the need  of this Bill? Why vex our souls and  give us all this trouble?  Mr. PELLETIER. That question has  been put tp me once already, since I  rose. I have answered it and I do not  propose to answer it again. I shall  ask my hon. friend to read it from  "Hansard" tomorrow.  I wish to refer brieflly to the question of mixed marriages. As the Minister of Finance has stated, mixed marriages are valid both under the civil  and the religious law. The Catholic  church says that they are ill advised  and should not be entered Into, and  the Westminster Confession of Faith  says the same thing, so that that great  religious body, the Presbyterian  church and the- Catholic church  agree on that point. I wish to  relate an historical fact which should  be known throughout the length and  breadth of this country and which will  conclusively prove the point I wish to  make. The Council of Trent, which  sat in the seventeenth century, declared that both mixed marriages and  marriages between two Catholics  would be null if they were not contracted in the presence of the parish  priest. Neither this nor any other part  of the Trent decree became paft of the  law of France, ipso facto. Henry V,  Henry III, Louis XIII, Louis XIV, published ordinances from time to time incorporating, not the whole of the Trent  decree, but some parts of it, in the  law of France as it stood when this  country became part of the British empire. One year after that period, in  1764, there was published in Canada  what is known as the Benedictine decree, issued by Pope Benedict XIV on  November 4, 1741. It was extended to  Canada by Clement XIII in 1764, one  year after the Treaty of Paris. The  effect of that decree of Pope Benedict  was to exempt Canada from the operation of the Trent decree as far as  mixed marriages were concerned. That  is important to bear in mind, so that  our Protestant friends may know that  j there is no pretension on the part of  anybody that mixed marriages are at  all affected, because the Pope himself  has declared that they should not, and <  this  iBsue  is  therefore  settled  both  from the civil and religious point of  view.   Let me point out that that important historical document, the Westminster Confession of Faith, contains!  practically    the      same    prohibitonj  against   mixed marriages as is contained in the Ne Temere decree.    It J  says:  "Chap. XXIV., article III.���������It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry  who are able with judgment, to give,  their consent;  yet it is the duty of  Christians to. marry only in the Lord.  And, therefore, such as profess the  true   reformed   religion  should    not*  marry with nfldels, Papists, or other I  idolaters."  The first part of this article says J  exactly what the Catholic church says.J  namely, that mixed marriages are law-,  ful but ill-advised.  Then, it is said:  "The practical result of such mar-,  riages is either a domestic life embittered in the way described above, or  the growth of an indifference,   commendable in the eyes of such as   Mr.J  Lecky, but in view of all evangelical!  spirits, most deplorable.   Observation!  niay convince any one of the truth of  the words of Thomas. Adams: 'One re-|  ligion matching with anther not selJ  dom breeds'an atheist, one of no religion at all.'"  I am not going to call this a Protest-j  tant Ne Temere decree, but it is the J  faith which the Presbyterians believe,]  and we Catholics simply believe the]  same thing.   In conclusion, I wash to^  (Continued on Page 6) ,  ,   Also large Variety of  POULTRY SUPPLIES  Fresh stock of  PRATT'S  POULTRY FOOD  OUR 3EST FLOUR  F-T-VERNON  Flour and Feed  V  Broadway and Westminster Ro������d  PHONE: Fairmont 186  Prompt Delivery  Satisfaction Guaranteed.  J  Office Phone:  Seymour 9416  Res. Phone:  -Fairmont 1*90  Fairmont Transfer Co.  Civility  rrc������BU's  iMentt  price*  Furniture and Piano  Movers  Addresses '���������  50412th Ave. E.   136 Alexandra St.  Bulbs  Tulips.   Crocuses,   Lillies,  Hyacinths,  Narcissus,  etc;    also Flowers  -   and Plants in season.      ���������  KEELER'S   NURSERY,  Cor 15th Ave. & Main St.  PHONE : Fairmont 817R n  ***** ************ *<*���������* * *** **  I TORONTOI  % FURNITURE   STORE f  % .' 3334 Ma,n st������  * Our stock of Furniture t  I is Large, Modern and ������:  * adapted to the tastes of : ���������  X  Buyers.  Dressers, Buffets, Tables  Chairs, Couches, Mat-  tresses, Bedsteads, etc.  A complete line of %  * Linoleums, Carpet Squares, etc. ���������  X Drop in and inspect our goods. 1*  4 This is where you get a square ������  f                          deal. &  % M. E. CO WAN %  * X - c   ,       ���������/ ���������*%, .,  y.  THE WESTERN CALL.  THE  ������fl������  fHE wall* of <  bed  room  <r/>  Ci  , CHURCH'S  1 COLD WATER  should b������ absolutely  sanitary. Yet only Alabaatine*  walls are so. Alabaatine ia today  the only absolutely' germ-proof  sanitary wall costing, k it ��������� powerful  germicide. One coat of Alabaatine  deatroya all germs in a wall. Other coating* breed them. An AlsbeatuMd wall will  last for years and year*. Alabaatine will not  rub, off. crack, or fade. It can be re������coated  without removing the old cost. Alabaatine is  soft, velvety, charming. It ia easily applied. Grid  water and a flat brush do it. Corns in and leTua  show you the 21 different beautiful Alabaatine  tints,  We sell lots of Alabaatine.    .  > vkhHt Utile Caerak ������a Latel  FREE STENCILS  If you use Alabaatine you can get free beautiful Stead!*, worth  from 30c. to $1.00.   Leam moss about this. m  The Abe rcrombie! Hardware Co.  Phone'} Seymour 302B~maww*~     791 Granville St.  Act Respecting Grain  Honorable GEORGE E. FOSTER (Minister of Trade and Commerce)  Hon.; GEO. E. FOSTER (Minister ot  Trade and Commerce) moved the second reading of Bill (No. 32) respect-  to impose on the House an explanation of all the different sections of  this very voluminous bill, but I am  going to say a few words by way of  introduction, more with the idea of  giving to the House, if indeed it is  at all necessary, a connected idea of  the operations of the grain trade, and  consequently of the Bill which I am  introducing.. It derives Its great importance, of course, from the immensity and from the wldeness of the  particular product with which it deals,  and if Important at any one particular  time its importance Is increasing as  the years go by inasmuch as the commodity with which it deals is constantly growing in volume. Not to go  back very far in the history of legislation on this subject, I may say that  Griitimond's Market!  748 Broadway E. Phone: Fairmont 258 ;  Special for Saturday  Hams, whole or half  Bacon, by^the piece  Corned Beef  Milk fed Chickens  Rolled Roasts of Beef  18c per pound  19c  8c  32c  18c  n  n  <<  it  :;  We have a good assortment of Fresh and Smoked  Fish.  The above prices are for Cash only. ._  'V: i THREE PEUVERies  PAIUY.      PHONE VS  YOUR ORDER.     FAIRMONT 258  )5������M'fr������*������*lll***>H'������������Hl������*lKlM ***************************  **************************  *************************  TH9 H9V9* OF W4UP9P*f*  Phone: Fairmont 1243  lOAT^O-TINTi  ! Of all Colors  ! Guarantee* the Finest Wall Finish in British Columbia  J^irge Stock of Wall Paper  : rtoMiimoit \W  A* ROSS,   M* Rwlwiy, m j  ************************* *************************  the substance of the recent enactments, and of this Bill, are based  largely upon investigations which  commenced In the year 1896. In that  year a commission was appointed consisting of three gentlemen, Messrs.  Miller, McNalr, and Colby. That commission looked into all matters in connection with the grain trade of Canada and with reference to all the  legislation which was at that time  upon the statute-books, namely, the  Inspection and Sales Act and the  Manitoba Grain Act. These gentlemen  took up the matter, of investigation in  July, 1896, and pursued it to a finish  and reported on October 11, 1907.  They went to the source of production of the grain in the west, and  traced the operation from the farmer  throughout the different stages of  storage and carriage and inspection  and marketing, gping as far as Victoria and Vancouver on the western  coast and as far as the Atlantic ports  and Europe in the east, and they  made, as I consider, a very thorough  investigation, and produced a report  of forty pages which for compactness  and directness of recommendation has  not, I think, ,tyeen often surpassed by  the report ot any commission.  The conclusions they came to were:  that the grade system was the most  suitable system upon which to base  the grain trade of Canada. They reported against the sample market as  being expensive and cumbrous. And  not in excellence to be compared with  the grade system. They reported in  favor of a better system of supervision  for terminal elevators under present  ownership. They reported against  government ownership and against  prohibiting private interests in the  terminals and also for supervision and  control over eastern elevators with the  object-  Mr. OUVER  mark of tbe hon.'gentleman?  **4 t < I H *************** ** **** It'll I H"H"H"M"I"1' I11 ***'* \  :; THEN THE |  ii Western Methodist Recorder  X  *  (Published Monthly)  Is almott indespensible to you.  No other medium will give you such general and  such satisfactory information about Methodist  activity in this great growirg province. Whether  a Methodist or not you are interested in Methodist  movement.   Send your subscription to  | laMfer lethoiW-IccortcrP.wP. Co., Ul   ��������� ���������   Victoria, I.&  9h9Q ���������   9no Yaar  4 *4 i 1-1 11 i t I'M 1111 !��������� 11 *** XiO 111111 Ull H 11 > 111 HI 11 It I  OIIIIIIMIIIIIHIIHIHIIH  *  +  Phono i Bayvlow 1199  VAN UFFORP BROS.  We handle all kinds of CUT FLOWERS  -Fern Dishes in great variety:       Fine Primulas at 25c each.  Funeral Designs.     Wedding Bouquets made up.     Gardens  designed aid laid out.  We have a large variety of Palms at Low Prices.  999 Broadway W., Cor. Broadway and Oak  ���������IANGB OFFICE, special for Hospital visitors, COI. IFJTIEI and UMADIM  **************************0:���������****I l .|Hti.i.n..|..ii.M I I I I I 11 I 1"M  E. M. WICKENS  The People's Cartage  Main Street and Bodwell Road  Phone: Fairmont  1544  agreed pretty well upon the substance  of the Act. There are two or three  points which are still in sharp controversy and which it will be for this  House to take into consideration and  ultimately to pass upon. liiii (No. 32)  is a replica to a large extent of the  Bill which was passed by the Senate  in 1911, with a number of amendments and betterments which have  been introduced and which are now  comprised in the Bill which I place before the House. So much with refer  ence to the course of conference and  examination and legislation after examination, with regard to this matter  within the last five or six years.       t  As one looks over that and examines the Bill before the House, he will  be struck with several things.   In the  first place he will be struck with the  Idea, which I believe is entirely correct, that probably no country^in the  world possesses a system for the Inspection, grading and sale ' of  grain  that at   all compares in complexity  and in thoroughness with that embodied in the  Acts at   present  on  our  statute-books and in the provisions in  the Bill before the House.   Indeed no  other business in Canada is wrapped  around with so many restorations and  safeguards as that dealt within this  measure.    Whether all these restrictions are conducive in the end to the  best is a matter on which there may  be difference of opinion; but, at present, at least, there is a large body ot  opinion which wants a little more law.  Seemingly, every  possible   safeguard  and   facility   that  could   be   thrown  around the producer and the primary  Beller of the grain has been sought to  be embodied in the legislation which  Is either now on the statute-book or is  contained in this BUI.   Your farmer in  the far west, for instance, has numerous avenues   open to him, in   most  cases hedged around by every precaution which the law can use to make  it easy for him to sell his grain and  to give   him security for   the price  agreed upon.   He can have his  own  method of disposing of his grain, unrestricted by anything; he sells it to  anybody he likes at whatever price he  likes, and pocket his pay without any  interference from the law or the government   If be is not satisfied to sell,  he can command his own car, by an  arrangement made legal, by application. In turn, and the railway company  has to furnish him with a car at the  siding or loading platform at his own  station into which he can load    his  grain either from the platform or from  the siding.   He can have that car consigned to any elevator or consignee he  wishes, and is protected by law   as  regards the grade upon which he shall  be paid, and also as regards the secur-  What is that last re-'ity and the like which attaches from!  I that time until he haB made final dis-  though some of the members of this  House who know these. things may  think that I am taking time without  much warrant in making these statements, yet probably a good .many  members of the House and the public  do not know the system. We carry  this on a step further. All this grain  carried from the west, when it comes  within the purview of the city of Winnipeg, is there met by the samplers  and' Inspectors who do tbe work of  sampling and inspection and. thereby  fix the grades.  Next, all this grain passes through  Winnipeg until It Is met with that  Vampllng and grading, that fixing of  the standard, by the employees of the  government provided for that purpose.  After it has been sampled and graded  it is sent on to the terminal elevators  at Port Arthur and Fort Wijliam.  There again government officials open  the door of the car, supervise the unloading of the grain from the car into  the elevator, supervise the weighing  of the grain, and supervise the placing  of the grain in' its own proper bin, so  that again the idenUty of the grain by  government supervision and control Is  within the elevator; Receipts are  given at one end of the elevator, and  receipts are furnished at the other end  when the grain comes out for shipment. There again the government  official supervises the whole process of  shipment out so as to preserve the  identity of the grain, inspects it as it  passes on its way to tbe car or the  vessel, to see that the grade of grain  which has been entered at the other  side of the elevator cofes out at the  shipping side, and that there is no  deterioration between the two processes. After that tbe grain takes its  flight by car or vessel and wends its  way towards the market, in Ontario  or in Europe. If it is for the latter,  it is under supervision more or less  constant and thorough until it reaches  the Atlantic seaboard. This is the  system which under past and present  legislation has. been provided, a system which in its theory Is, I think, a  when frost closes that means of exit,  then for from three to five months no  grain can go out by a Canadian rout*  with the exception of that which Is)  carried on the single rail of the Canadian Pacific. Railway. Now,'how can  we remedy- that state of things? I  have gone into this 'matter pretty  thoroughly. The Railway Commission has gone into it much; more thoroughly that I have; they have the  means of doing it. My opinion, which  I believe is coincided in fully by the  Railway Commission, is that the three  railways have done all this year that  they could do to facilitate the movement of grain in the. northwest. But  it is absolutely impossible foV it all to  be moved under the circumstances as  they exist today. Now, how are we  going to remedy that state of things?  Presently it cannot be remedied. No  man can in five minutes, Ave weeks or  live months* time devise any method  which will remedy that condition of  things. It has to be remedied by  time, patience and co-operation of effort. But remedies are opening up.  In another year���������and It is too bad that  we have to wait for another year���������or  two at the farthest, there will be another line of railway which will give  an exit from the west through Cochrane and the railway systems of eastern Ontario and eastern Canada. That  will double the faculties. At soma  time or other, I do not know when, the  Canadian Northern may have its Independent line of communication from  the west to the east, and that will give  still another.  In tbe course of Ume these railway!  may double their tracks, and that will  more than double their capacity. But  that will take time. The Hudson Bay  railway, which has been getting along  in an easy and comfortable way for  the last ten years, is now in a position  where it gives promise of speedy  opening of another route. It will take  time also to bring this about But ln  the course of two or three yean that  route ought to be available as wall.  Then, I think, one of the greatest factors to relieve the situation In the  future will be t he opening of a drainage of wheat from as far^oast as  Moosejaw by western channels with  a view to being carried by way of the  ! Pacific ocean.   I have no doubt that  very excellent one, which may have I when the Panama canal is opened, th������  Mr. F08TER (North Toronto). They jP������8ition of hIs 8n[n- He can seU that  reported In favor of a system of more j,e*r t0 the track b������yer " he pleases,  strict supervision of the terminal ele- Dut the track buyer ls hedged around  vators under corporate ownership, and  were rather against prohibiting private interests from participating in  their operation, and therefore they  were against government ownership of  the terminals. They also reported  for a strict supervision and control  over the eastern elevators so as to  keep���������which was the object all the  way through���������the identity of the  grade which had been established as  the standard of sale. In the end, they  reported a series of amendments to  the Act then In force. What took  place directly after that was a study  I suppose by the government of the  substance of this commission's report  by license and by legal provisions to  the end that he cannot defraud the  seller on the price he has agreed to  pay. He has an elevator to which lie  can sell as the price agreed upon between himself and the elevator man,  and if he and the elevator man cannot  agree upon the price, the grade, the  dockage, he can yet make a sale to  the elevator man, and the grain, its  identity being preserved by means of  sample, is to be inspected in Winnipeg, and the grade fixed by government inspection, entailing   upon the  weaknesses, as every system will  have, but these weaknesses, so tar as  it can be done, we aim to remove by  the present legislation so as to make  the whole system as strong and as  thorough as it can possibly be made.  I have stated that if we look over  every other grain-growing country in  the world we shall find no other system to compare at all wltb this. Conditions and circumstances differ In different countries, and that may explain  the difference of systems. There are,  however, many countries in the world  which today are studying tbe Canadian system, and which are gravitating towards some features of tbe  Canadian system and are designing to  place them in their own legislation.  Now, one would think that with all  this there should be no dissatisfaction  in the west, no troubles to be met, no  grievances to remedy. But tbe experience of western men and of some  eastern men will show that all is not  calmness and peace in the far western  region or the near western region, and  that there are yet voices raised here  and there, not a few, which demand  something more and are giving voice  to the troubles with which they are  plagued and of wbicb they wish to be  rid.  Now, while I venture an opinion  with a great deal of modesty, never  having been a grain  raiser, a grain  Canadian Pacific railway, the Grand  Trunk Pacific, and the Canadian Northern railway will be favored Unas for  tbe exit of the wheat by way of ths  pacific.   This will furnish transportation for a share of the Increased product and will to that extent prevent  congestion.   So the farmers who are  working ln the west and others equally interested���������though they may not be  working at farming in tbe east���������for  this is a common interest���������may look  forward with confidence to tbe future  and to an adequate transport for the  mighty productions of the northwest.  The subject is a most interesting one,  and I would advise every member ot  the House to get his studying cap on  and consider carefully the situation.  It will be very interesting to note just  what changes are to be made, even  (Continued on P*oe 7)  PRV  elevator man the necessity of settling gh|pi)er or an elevator owneri , tnlnk  with his customer, accordiug to the Umt some of tne8e trouWeB are we���������  inspection, the grade and the dockage | voIced a���������(, BOme of ,hem are dlu, ,0  the carrying Interests, the bankers,  the grain and produce exchanges, the  people who owned private and corporate elevators all met together, and  before   the   minister   in   conference  under certain conditiops. he can store  it in the elevator and wait for a better market if lie chooses to tempt the  future. One of the primary objects of  the legislation seems to have been to  threBhed out all these questions. tak-|gfve a8 many facl,1������es as possible for  ing up   particularly all   the amend- jthe ea8y 8ale of tne farraers' 8raln'  ments which had been recommended and to hedge around tnat Sram wlth  by the commission of 1906.    The re-iaU Possible security which shall en-  suit of this was a volume of one hun- BUre to the f������mer the whole price of  dred and sixty pages of evidence and  of argument which was brought out in  that conference, and upon which the  Grain Act   and   the   Inspection   and  Sales   Act    were    remodelled     and  strengthened.    But, so far as I can  judge, these acts very largely embodied the principle which had been laid  and after that there was a conference jwh|cn ,B *,ven by fne InapecUw ������*'circumstances which as reasonable  in 1908 where the grain growers and | Winnipeg. If he does not wish to sell |nen we are a��������� |jound to fake ,���������to  farmers' associations of the western Jh,s graln at on<*' he na8 the Privilege consideration, and which it requires  provinces and tbe representatives  of of *torin8 it at the flat warehouse, or, Ume ani, patlence and co-operation to;  overcome. ' One of the main troubles  in the west today is the problem   of  transportation.   There is more   grain  there today than can be got out of the  country.   From the base of the Rockies down to Fort William grain is lying in the fields, iu the elevators, in  moving, and a great deal of it is not  moving fast enough, any of it that is  moving at all, but the people who own  it are very anxious that it should be  moving.    The   problem,   as    I    have j  stated,    is    one    largely   of    circtim ;  stances.   The grain-producing area has  extended  rapidly, the carrying  facili-1  ties have also been extended rapidly, j  but production has not only overtaken i  but  has  far outstripped  the  capacity  for transport, and that is one of the  reasons which is causing the difficulty  today.    The three great  railway sys- j  tems in the west spread out to a width j  of COO or 800 miles just this  side of j  the Rockies, gathering in from every ;  section  of  the  country,  then  narrow ]  down to a very narrow strip south of;  Lake Winnipeg, and after they reach !  Port Arthur and Fort William have no j  Canadian  means  of  rail  exit at   this \  time,  except  the one single track ot'.  the Canadian Pacific.    Tp to the end ;  of navigation, about the middle of De- ���������  cember, the lake marine furnishes an j  easy and rapacious method of taking i  away the grain that comes to the ele- j  vators at those terminal  points;   but  If you once cook a Christmas"  Dinner with DRY WOOD you'll  never rest content with any  other. Our Wood is Dry Wood.  $6.00 per Cord, delivered.  R. DOHERTY  675 Tenth Ave. W.  Phone: Fairmont uoi-L  the sale he has made.   So much with  reference to that.  The system of grading, as everybody in the House Knows, is simply  to attempt by law to raise certain  standards and make them uniform and  permanent, by which the Beller sells  his grain and by which the purchaser  down by the commission of 1906. Last {buys it, from the time it leaves the  year there supervened that  immense  deputation from the west which besieged  the then Prime Minister and  the members of both Houses and presented their views in extenso.    Then  after that came the formation of the  Act which was  introduced   into   the  Senate and was . accompanied by a  J select committee's investigation and  : report. All these different -interests  i again met and canvassed ail the questions of interestv gave their views  ���������very fully and very extensively,   and  after all this had been done the Bill  was passed through the Senate. With  some exceptions,   but   not   many   in  number, it may be said that ail parties  wagon of the farmer until it finally  reaches its destination. These grades  being fixed, the farmer at his station  sells out his wheat according to grade  and gets the price according to that  grade, and the ultimate buyer and  every buyer between has to pay forth  according to that grade. One of the  primal objects of the legislation is to  preserve, not the identity of the grain,  but the identity of the grade from the  starting point to the finish. Indeed  there is provision in the Act which  makes it possible if a man wishes to  preserve the absolute identity of his  grain from the starting point until it  gets to Europe, for him to do so.   Al-  Great West Cartage Co.  Limited  B. F. Andrew*        If. W. Ellin        A. E. TMiwnt  H. <H. Williama  Express, Truck and Dray  Furniture apd Piano movers  Freight Bills Revised  1 Loss and Damage Claims Handled  Customs Brokers  Forwarding and  Distributing Agents  Phone: Seymour 7474  191 Loo Bllt., Cr. Hastiags ft Abbott St  Vancouver, B.C.  See the  Union Estate Co.  For Houses and Lots  On Easy Terms .   .  Cor. Westminster Rd l Commercial St  Insurance, Rents, General Brokerage  For CONFIDENTIAL INVESTIGATIONS you want a man of  integrity, experience and ability.  That man is John������tor,; tenec?  guaranteed.     Vide pres*     The  pcrct Service Bureau.  S  319 Pender  '*<���������"' ���������?���������������  ������'. J 1  '' '���������*���������������  'I'^j  % ���������J-"i"i  \ , >u  -> ,7>!  ���������*i\  r   m  <% .' .i ���������
..:���; ..-Vr :i
*** **M>*4<****************
Is Your Grocer
1 Sending You
Good Poteloes?
We have been fortunate ��
in securing a large consign- ;
',', ment of the good kind. We !j:
;; will guarantee them. Y
Special this week
$1.90 per Saok
!: Phone. Fairmont 1367!
Table Supply j
ii 518 BROADWAY, E.
:��� H.   HARFORD
Bodily waate remains suspended in the bowels
and every organ in the body become* tainted ���
with the poiaonB of the decomposition. The
true treatment ii the natural treatment. Try
Bliss Native Herbs. 200 tablets S1.00. Ask
for booklet. "The Blissa Asent." BOX 26.
Stool Look?
Would you give the world (if you
had it) in exchange for perfect health?
Many would. But to have perfect
health your nerves must be free from
pressure. Are your nerves tree from
pressure? Let me examine your spine
and tell you where the pressure (if
any) exists. Spinal adjustments will
release the pressure and remove tbe
cause of your ill-health. Chiropractic
adjustments make the bowels, kidneys.
heart, lungs, stomach and other organs
work normally, and the result is���
You bad better investigate Chiropractic���it is worth your while. I will
gladly explain the system to you if you
will call, or will mail you free booklet
on request. No charge for consultation.   Office hours:    1:30 to 6 p.m.
Ernest Shaw, DC
(Doctor,of Chiropractic.)
250 22nd Ave. East.
(Close to Main St.)   Take Davie car
Informs the public of her wonderful
powers in reading the history of one's
life by examining the palm of tbe
hand. Advice in all business matters
and family affairs; tells you what
you are best adapted for; tells you tbe
name of your future companion,
whether living or dead; tells you what
planet you were born under and
what part of the country is the luckiest for you. Why not tee the best?
It costs no more. Satisfaction or no
charge; all readings strictly confidential.   Permanently located at
Hours: 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Shoe Repairing
. That the Canadian West is in strong sympathy
with their Western Irish brethren these past few
weeks has been amply demonstrated by the strong
earnest messages of support sent from/Vancouver and other points.
Churchill's Belfast visit was nothing but a piece
of empty hraggadacio as he well knew he would
have the protection of a regiment or two of soldiers���even then he was eontrained to hide behind his wife's petticoats, making by her presence,
a strong appeal to native 'Irish inborn gallantry
towards the fair sex. This astute young man is
fond of playing to the gallery and in the limelight, and is rightly known as the advertising
Many people are at a loss to account for the son
of the great Lord Randolph behaving in the fashion he has done since he turned his political coat,
but they need not, when they learn of his upbringing on his maternal side. Men of the world
well know what it was that broke up his father's
political career, and made him court death���that
came not���amid the African desert wilds, hunting
big game with a reckless daring that made more
skilled and seasoned African hunters gasp with
His wife's conduct broke poor Randolph's heart
���if ever���vampire, man-hunting syren did. Poor
Labby might well have applied to her the epithet
he heaped upon another reigning beauty of her
day-^-that of "the greatest courtezan in Europe."
That this title was more than deserved is known
to all who are in any way acquainted with what
went on aboard the hospital ship the "Maine,"
which she turned into little short of a brothel. So
bad were her debaucheries that the authorities
turned a cold shoulder to this Bacehinalian Diana,
who sought refuge in semi respectability by marrying a boy of 21, who henceforth became the butt
of Clubdom. Hence the manners of the political
scrapegrace long known in London as "the Blenheim pup." '
Speaking of Labouchere reminds one of the
great Henry's palmy days, when he was in the
thick of the Bradlaugh hurly-burly. Labouchere
enjoyed a fight at all times and the writer well remembers a scene at which he was present in the
British House of Commons i n 1880���how TIME
The occasion was that famous one when W. E.
Gladstone refused his duty as leader of the House,
and dear, dauntless old Stafford Northeote, afterwards Lord Iddesleigh, gallantly stepped into the
breach. What stormy scenes followed are matters
of history. ��� \
At the time, Arthur James Balfour was leader
of that famous Fourth Party who made such a
stir in British politics then, and after. I can see
now the advancing figure of the Sergeant-at-Arms,
Mr. Gosse, I think it was, slowly approaching the
recalcitrant Bradlaugh, who refused to budge at
the proffered .friendly touch on his arm, after
the lack of production and.
High cost of living.
Thos. Farrington
fetweea Mail St. aad Westaiaster Rd.
I havt relieved many
wa of aerioua eye
troable and mjr patient*
are enthuiiastic in recommending- ' me to their
���friend*, which I appreciate very much.
They are my best advertisement.
oil o. ���. raiea
MfsHttt  ���peelallat,   107 sad  108  &oo
Stock, cemer XMtlaffs and. Afefcott
���tracts. Thona 6896.
High Class Confectionery
Cakes and Pastry
Extra Fancy Table Fruits
at Special Prices.
Mt. Pleasant Oonfeotlonery
2440 Meln St. W". H. Armstrong. Prop.
Fairmont Renovatory
W. S. McKBLLAR. Prop.
753 BROADWAY, EAST   Near Scott
Cleaning, Pressing and Repairing
Phorie: Fairmont 172
(All Rights Reserved.)
In the appendix to the Government
publication I spoke of last week there'
are some valuable deductions on the
subject, which I cannot do better
than quote from. These deductions
will for the most part take two direc-.
tions: first, the CAUSES Of the
changes; second, as to the effect of|
them on the community at large���on
different classes���or on individuals.
When it is possible to say that
prices of goods are dearer or cheaper,
it seems easy to say that the rise or
fall was due to certain contemporary
circumstances���such as the MONOPOLISTIC control of industries, or a
decline in productivity, or a variation
in supply of precious metalB, etc.
In discussing the CAUSES of price
movement it is necessary to dilferen-
tuate between causes primarily affecting the COMMODITIES and the
causes affecting MONEY.
The price of an article is the
amount of monetary standard for
which It may be exchanged. No review of possible causes of change is
complete that does not take into
account both these questions.
Dealing first with the condition
arising in connection with the commodities themselves, the PRICE of an
article at a particular time and place
may be said to be determined by the
When the demand for an article Is
greater and the supply limited, the
price will tend to RISE, and vice
In may be convenient, therefore, in
searching for the cause of a price
variation to approach the question
from two points, viz., the point of
view of SUPPLY; secondly, the point
of view of DEMAND.
As affecting the immediate application, the supply of an article and
thereby its price, the following may
be mentioned:
Variation in yields of harvests;
Improvements or changes of methods of production or TRANSPORTATION;
The operation of TRUSTS or Combines.
Dealing with the first statement, under modern conditions, the prices of
the more important commodities tend
more and more to be fixed in the
world's markets. A local variation
may therefore operate chiefly through
!the agency not of supply, hut demand,
lowing to its effect on the purchasing
POWER of those members of the
j community who are engaged in pro-
jducing the article in question.
Gosse had been called upon to remove the junior
member for Northampton, in accordance with the
expressed resolution of the House of Commons.
What a scrimmage then ensued beggars all description. The Speaker, stern and pale, directed
the removal of the Mace, members were standing
on the benches, shouting and gesticulating wildly,
cries of "Privilege! Privilege!" rent the air, as
four or five lusty men of the Sergeant-at-Arms,
threw themselves upon the burly struggling oath-
less member, who, fighting and struggling like a
maniac, was unceremonously bundled out from
behind the Bar to which he clung with the frenzy
of rage and desperation.
Such a painful scene it has never been my lot
to again witness, though there were equally stirring times, as for example, when Charles Stuart
Parnell waa bundled out and ignominously locked
in the Clock Tower.
Among political giants in the land in those
days who were present was "Buckshoe" Foster,
Sir John Gorst, Balfour, Hartington, Joseph
Gibson and member for Dublin University), W.
H. Smith, Sexton, Healy, O'Connor and many
others, whose names have dropped out of present
political life���and some have departed for the
"unknown bourne."
The most burning question of the hour is Vancouver's harbor improvements, and the report
of the expert engineer engaged, Mr. Swan, is
awaited with the deepest interest. This port will
have to get busy if it is to keep pace with the
stupendous volume of trade that will flow towards
us withHhe opening of the Panama Canal���which
I predict will exceed the wildest dreams of the
greatest optimist who has sane reasonsv for the
faith that is in him.
A giant has awakened to the west of us after
a sleep of 300 years or more, and, like tbe Giants
of Fairyland, has a cavernous appetite for all commodities of trade. Vancouver under able assertive management will become one of the great
world ports and be a second Boston or New
York, and partake of that opulence the poets
sing of���
*    *   *   "unquestioned  power,  overflowing
revenue   *   ���   *
Havens mast4hronged, in glassy bays, amid
her tallest towers."
Turning from Westminster to Ottawa, Van-
couverites have noted with satisfaction the vigorous stand Mr. H. H. Stevens, M.P., has been making the past few days, over the rights and interests, not only of the north shore, but the port
generally, in bucking up against the C. P. R.'s
right-of-way bill. It is patent that Mr. Stevens
has a thorough grasp of his subject and is not
afraid to "get after" even Ministers in their
strongholds, in defence of what he believes to be,
not only to the best interest of his own constituency, but what is also right and just besides.
More power to'his elbow.
are ever stretching out their hands
for more, which is only possible by
tbe greed of their customers'. Personally, I think a building owner very
foolish to pay even 7 per cent., when
so much money is going begging in
the Old Country for 4 and 5 per cent.
Some of the Vancouver banks are getting a little too usurious.
"We are not money-lenders," they
blandly say���then slip away round
the corner to the brass-faced trust
company and hand in the dough with
a request to get the very highest rate
in the market. They will then calmly
assure you in the front sweatbox,
"Money is very tight, my dear sir.
We never lend on that class of property. H*m, that is to say, not often;
not at present.   Good day."
What hypocrites we all are!
It is refreshing to note that at Unu
the beautifying of our new civic
bridges is to receive some attention,
and the city's thanks are due to the
gentlemen forming the architectural
deputation before Alderman Baxter's
committee on Friday last to plead for
a combination of strength and beauty.
This Georgia-Harris viaduct is surely a most simple matter to design, as
Under this heading, changes in
yields of harvest, due to other than
temporary or climatic causes, should
be taken into account.
Two widely-diBcussed problems at
the present emerge here, bearing on
prices, namely, Exhaustion of the Soil,
Forests, Mines, etc., now very closely
under consideration by the Government, as also tbe persistent movement
of the people into the CITIES. By
which movement, although they may
continue as producers, their PRODUCTS are less of the primary
As to changes of methods of production, there has been a shortening
of hours and a decline in the returns
of LABOR, together with a tendency
towards . wasteful and unscientific
methods of production. The effect of
this would be to enhance prices.
On the other hand, an improvement
in the Production or DISTRIBUTION
process tends-���other things . being
equal���to lower prices.
As to the operation of Trusts or
Combines, the aspect of the Cold Storage problem comes under this\head-
ing. A Monopoly or combine MAY effect a large economy in production,
which the CONSUMER should get aja roadway only; but when one wants
large benefit from, but which at pre-1 something to look at for their money
Bent are eaten up by the grasping:It takes talent and ability to clothe
methods of such Trusts as Swift, Grif-'such a structure with beauty of de-
fen-Armour & Co., as I said at the'sign. Alderman Crowe, therefore,
outset of these articles.   , ! was a little behind the times when he
Before concluding the present article, I cannot omit alluding to the motion of Alderman White before the
City Council. No remedy can be found
by civic enquiry, but much light can
be thrown upon the causes.
If, however, the c;ty Council are
in earnest, in trying to find a remedy,
it will be along the lines of providing
PUBLIC COLD STORAGE to the Middle man or Combines of the consumers' ratepayers.
This is a question the writer put to
Mayor Findlay before his election, and
he has promised to give the matter
his careful attention.
Improving weather conditions
should soon set the wheels of trade
turning swifter. Although there- is a
good deal going on here and there,
the swing of the trowel and tang of
the hammer is not so loud or long as
one could wish at the present time.
It seems to he rather a financial surfeit of demand rather than anything
'else,   or  else  are   the   banks   putting
their heads  together to lend us our
own   money  back   at  a   higher  rate
than ever?
These Shylocks of the money tables
Now Open
This Theater has been fitted up at enormous expense
and will prove |to be one of the best
in the city.
Complete change of Programme
ami Fridays
We intend to cater to ladies, gentlemen and children
and long experience places the manager in
position to choose films calculated
to please our patrons.
'        '������.���������.     ��� *
Continuous Music by 5-Piece Orchestra.
Admission :
Children 5c; Adults 10c
Special attention
Given to the Children
At all times.
Open IX a.m, to XI p.'m.
Mothers'Special Room.
106 Hastings St., E.
Near Columbia Avenue
*****4��\��**\*****************   **+**\"W*******\"l*****+*****.
... For ...
jl Seymour
queried, "What has an architect got
to do with it? It's an engineer's job."
What bad architects to do with the
famous bridges of Europe, f6r instance?
Why, even New York has awakened
to this fact, and has her own bridge
consulting architect as well as engineers. I am in strong sympathy, as
my remarks last week tend to show,
that this work be given to a Vancouver firm���and by tiiat I take it to
mean a firm who has not merely a
branch, but their HEAD- OFFICE
here, and who have been in practice
in the city say twelve months at least.
The Bridge Committee consists of
Messrs. Aldermen Baxter (chairman),
Hepburn, MeSpadden, Enright, Crowe,
Woodside, White and Trimble. I advise all electors, knowing these gentlemen, to get busy and impress on
them that THE CITY DEMANDS a
fine structure at Georgia-Harris, and
no shoving into this fine position another of those birdcage erections that
already disfigure our city far too
In this matter ratepayers must insist, when asking for BREAD, to see
they are not given a STONE. There
are reasons for this caution, as may
(Continued on Page 5)
We   clean   Carpets,   Rugs,  Draperies,  etc.  by Electric ]
Vacuum Process without removal.
We clean walls by new antiseptic process.
I Compressed Air and Vacuum Cleaning Co.
522 Richards Street
* 11 iti***************<***** *m>***********************
l************,l.******,y*+**+  ******4>*********4��t'*****4'4'*
Home Cafe
Late (146 Haatinfa St, East)      Short Ordcra at all hours
54!  and 543 Main St.* City
Meals 25c.        Tickets $4.50.
4.    BOWEL & LARSON, Prop.      open 6 a m. to 8 p.���. PB0HE Uj. 2215
Walter  Richards
Fish Fresh
DRIVE    *^
Butter &
SEY. 3653 THE WESTERN CALL.  *���������������.! M������.|..|..ii .|..l. ������.|.4..| |i |. !��������� * !������������������������ 11> i| i|.������   ^������M^.H������W4������rH'l''l' * * * * * ** * * *  ::   Pbooe i Fairmont 621  Mo Delivery  No Credit I  UglvsysuthssMi-  lit sf ill upiist ���������!  ���������ellviry  ail task-  kNplB|  Specials for Saturday  meat  Local  Choice Roll Roast, 18���������20c per lb.  Legs and Loins Local Lamb,  20c per lb.  Legs and Loins Pig Pork,  , 20c per lb.  Porn Sausage.    -   2 lbs. for 26c  Prime Rib Roast, 16���������18c per lb.  %   Swifts Hams,  Fresh Herring,  Fresh Smelts,  Fresh Cod,  Fresh Halibut,  20c per lb.  I  2 lbs. for 16c  2 lbs. for 26c  10c per lb.  2 IbB. for 26c  Flak  Swifts Bacon, - 22c per lb.  Choice Table Butter, 2 lbs. for 76c  2 dozen Eggs, - - 75c  Good Lard,      -     2 lbs. for 26c  Fresh Dressed Chickens,  25-SOc per lb.  Fresh Spare Ribs,  ���������> 16c per lb.  t   Choice Finnan Haddie, lb. 12>{c  Kippers,  -   per lb.    10c  *  Shrimps, Crabs, Smoked Halibut, etc. All Fish Fresh Every  Morning.  | 2513 Main street/near Broadway   ���������  %,������ sMS-WMK'  i ;.i|.������|ni.i|i,|,iii hi |iiN|i|i������i.H'|"t 1111111   ** * ** * ���������!��������� * * * 4 * * * 4 ** * * * ** **  ***���������  t U I I It 1 1 til 1 til 11 111 1II1 14 ! 1141II It IHI41I 111! Mil '*  J '748 Broadway E.  Grinimond's Market  Phone: Fairmont 258 X  Free Car  One Car Ticket given away with  every 50c purchase on Saturday  Phone: Fairmont 258  Otherwise  A renovatory haB been opened' at  753 Broadway East by Mr. W. McKel-  lar, an experienced man at the business. Mr. McKellar will send for  cleaning, pressing and repairing work  immediately if you 'phone Fairmont  172.  CEDAR  COTTAGE  PRE8BYTERIAN  CHURCH.  J. C. Madill, pastor.   -  11:00 a. m.���������"The Manifestation of  Christ."  7:30 p. m.���������"The Useless King."  2:30 p. m.���������Sunday School and Bible  Class.  Mr. P. Paris has taken premises at  2436 Main street, where he intends to  conduct a first-class boot-making and!  repairing business. Mr. Paris Is not  a stranger to the district, as he has  already established a reputation for  good worrf * at a store on the same  street.  A little over two years ago the  Western Fish and Poultry Co. opened  a branch store at 1842 Park Drive,  with Mr. Walter Richards as manager. Mr. Richards, a practical man  who'has spent very many years in  the trade, announces that he lias now  taken, over this business and that he  will in future run it on his own account. It is his intention to carry a  full line of fish, vegetables and fruit,  and he has already made arrangements to receive fresh supplies of each  daily.  ���������'   FRATERNITY   S.   O.   E.  *        *  THREE DELIVERIES DAILY.  ************************** III MMIIlllltllll t M"MM ������  ���������t>^   f#+'H"M"H"l't I**************   **************************  IS Plume:   Fairmont 958  1605 MAIN ST.  LUMBER OF Al^ KINPS  SASH, POORS, MOULDINGS  Contractors and Mouse Builders  Carpenters and Frameworkers  We have just what you require  v. On Friday, Feb. 9th, Merrie England Lodge of the Sons of England  held their fortnightly meeting at the  Odd Fellows' Hall, Mount Pleasant,  luite a number of members being  present. After the usual busineBB of  the lodge was over, a carpet ball  match was played between Spots and  StrlpeB, which ended in a draw. On  Friday, Feb. 23rd, a match will be  played between the' S. O. E. Lodge,  Merrie England, and the Riverview  team of South Vancouver.  The officers ot this lodge for 1912  are as follows: Past president, Bro.  Attleborough; president, Bro. Frouin;  vice-president, Bro. Durrant; chaplain, Bro. Smith; secretary, Bro. \H.  Smith; treasurer, Bro. Walpole;  guides, Bros. Jones, Boyce ami Brown;  inside guard, Bro. King; outside  guard, Bro. Rowland. The auditors  and trustees were re-elected.  SASH and DOORS MADE ON PREMISES TO PRDER    J  DRESSED and FINISH LUMBER of HIGH GRADE      |  T  No order too large for us to handle promptly.    No order    $  v    too small to receive careful attention. ?  |7.f .|. ������������������������ ���������!��������� ���������!��������� <��������� ������������������������!������������������?��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� ���������!��������� -I'���������������> 'I' ���������!��������� ���������!��������� <������ ��������� ���������!��������� ��������� ������!��������� '1* ���������  **********4'***************  ******************i.^*****   s**************4>**********  Use Stave lake Power  Those Industries are Better  In ultimate results which use our electric  power service. The factories or office buildings which operate private power plants are  under a big expense for maintenance. A  trifling accident may disorganize their whole  svstem���������more serious disturbance, with  attendant heavy losses involved, are not  preventable. Stave Lake Power is undeniably cheaper and more reliable than private plant operation. See us for particulars  and rates.  H Western Canada Power Company,  : r LIMITED  ::  Phone: Seymour 4770       603-610 Carter-Cotton BIdg. J  P. O. BOX 1418, VANCOUVER, B. C. t  X^H>************<^M^^^H^  <������******<^***************JH^t  t  *  ADELA GROCERY  WEBSTER   BROS. ���������  Cr. FraserAv.&WestmTr Rd. |  Kamloops, B. C, Feb. 8, 1912.  To the Editor of Western Call, Vancouver, B. C.  Dear Sir,���������In the issue of the Inland  Sentinel of Kamloops, B. C, of January 28, and also that of February 6,  two editorials appeared, in which Orangemen were attacked as disloyal, as  hotheads, and as being.ready to take  up arms against Constitutional Authority.  Firstly: Among "hotheads" are included all of the Presbyterian clergy,  and most of the influential members  ot Presbyterianism, in the whole of  Ireland, as well as the Orangemen of  Ireland; and also there are many  other leading men of the country associated with ths movement.  Again: We proclaim against that  word "disloyalty." Let me state that,  whereas, in this case, Protestants and  Orangemen are rising against Constitutional Authority in Ireland, in connection with the attempt to force  "Home Rule" on an unwilling populace, yet there are very large numbers  of Roman Catholics/in all parts of the  British Empire, who are eternally  sworn against Constitutional Authority, who are sworn to obey the Pope,  and, if he says so, to be traitors to  their  country.    We  can   thank  God  BRITISH   EMPIRE AS  TEACHER OF PEACE  Five Independent Nations That Have  Surrendered  Possibility of  Fighting.  In an address on peace in London,  Mr. Norman Angell, the author of  "The Great Delusion," said: "Men are  bound to realize that the British empire is a forecast of what the future  condition of the world is going to be.  There we have five independent nations which in practice, and almost  in theory as well, have surrendered  the possibility of ever exercising  force one against another. If that  could happen with five nations, why  not with fifteen? As a matter of fact,  the possibilities of conflict are really  confined to three or four.  "Why should it not be possible to  change the whole spirit of European  policy on this matter in five, ten or  fifteen years?" asked Mr. Angell.  More men would have to think this  thing out and keep their tempers. If  they did not. the price would be heavy  -and the innocent would pay with  the guilty.  that there are many noble-minded  Catholics who would, in crisis, defy  the Pope, and be true to their country; but there are very many more  who would obey that foreign Potentate, and so be far worse Traitors to  their Country than ever would be Orangemen and Protestants, who, in Ire  land, today, are up in arms against  that very Pope, for whom the otherE  would turn traitor.  Again:   .Not a very deep knowledge  of the situation in Ireland was shown  in either article, or the writer would  know that it is a great deal owing to  these "rebellious"  Irishmen and    Orangemen, that we of today have the  British fair play, spoken of in the latter article, and that those men shed  their blood that we might enjoy liberty of thought and speech, and that  British  fair play  was  wrested  from  the hands of Rome, who forbids her  servants, either to think or act, espe  cially in such grave questions as exist  in Ireland today, without the sanction  of the priest, and who commands her  servants    under severe   penalties, tc  obey her mandates.   And that is the  power .that will rule Ireland, Just as  Quebec is today ruled by the Pope, it  Home Rule carries.  .  Irish.   Protestants and Orangemen,  and Orangemen everywhere are loyal  to their heart's  core  to  the  British  Empire.    Wherever you find an Orange Lodge, there you  will find  Orangemen,  sworn  to loyalty to Great  Britain, fighting for their country; but  Ithey acknowledge   no    Pope.     The  j openly    acknowledge    Jesus    Chris;  j Himself, as their Supreme Guide; an<  should the "Rock of Their Faith" b  undermined as is the case in Ireland  and their freedom of thought and a;  tion be menaced: "British Fair Play'  now.   They will rise and see that tht  cruel, merciless iron-fisted Rome doe*  not claim their land as it did years  ago, when much blood was spilt.  Ireland is not rising against Constitutional Authority, but It is rising  against Rome and the Pope, just a?  Canada rose and voted the Pope down  in the recent elections; only in tht  case of Ireland it is a more urgent  matter. Rome lias greater power, so  that stronger measures are needed to  defeat her.  W. LAWRENCE DENCE.  in the sending of agricultural experts  to address the Congress and the making of a big exhibit, of the dry-farmed,  products of the demonstration and ex-  perimental farms and agricultural  colleges throughout the United States.  The President received Executive  Secretary-Treasurer John T. Burns at  the White House Tuesday afternoon,  and Mr. Burns formally presented the  invitation of the Canadian Board of  Control to attend the Congress. The  President expressed pleasure at receiving the invitation and the spirit  in which it was sent by tbe people of  the Province of Alberta and the City  of Lethbrldge, but expressed his regrets that It would be impossible for  him to attend. He spoke of the-nearness of the presidential election, and  said it would be only two weeks after  the Congress and the press of official  duties at such a time precluded the  possibility of his making a tour to  Western Canada. He did not appear  to consider the old-time unwritten  code that a president should not leave  American soil when in office as having any bearing upon his decision. He  spoke of the delightful meeting he  had recently had with the Duke of  Connaught and expressed regret that  he could not have the pleasure of  again meeting him at Lethbrldge in  October when, he understood, the  Duke would be in attendance upon the  Congress as the representative of  Great Britain. ���������  Secretary of Agriculture Wilson will  at once make preparations for the representation of his department, and  the matter of a $10,000 appropriation  tor a federal exhibit has been brought  before the committee of the House  and Senate, and expediency has been  urged upon the    passage of such   a  "��������� -     .'    ������������������f:������:J4'  Special Contributions  (Continued from Page 4)  appear.  Every day tbe Burns block grows  more hideous than it was the day before, and now appears like a huge  child's play box ot bricks set up with  an infantile longing to beat all previous "balances" without upsetting���������  with a drum carelessly thrown on the  top for luck. O, DOMINIC! DOMINIC! great are thy architectur J  sins, for which posterity will not forgive thee. ���������  Can it be possible that the designers are relying on the gold lettering  of the various office, windows to finish  off the design?  What a crying need there Is for a  new and up-to-date Zoo building at  Stanley Park was brought forcibly to  mind by seeing the cramped and unhealthy quarters at present In use. In  planning such a new building one  should have due regard for the greatest convenience of the- sight-seelag  public, not forgetting the children.  Plenty of air space is wanted for  every reason.  Why not try and have ah open-air  Zoo? I do not mean by this that  cougars, wolves and "bar" should  wander around in a state of freedom,  but something on the lines of the  Hagenberg Zoo in Berlin might be attempted. There the animals are behind a deep sunk unsurmountable  fence, and wander over a large tract  of ground, each with their own dens  to retire to when needed. It would  be a fine draw for Stanley Park, and  I commend the plan to the Park  Board.  The Railway Commissioners are  soon to make a trip west, and all who  have freight grievances should get  busy and formulate them in good  time. Let us hope for sweeping reductions. SET SQUARE.  ��������� ������������������     ��������� ,       t.  'M  \ Is now Open with a COMPLETE SHOW 1  COMPLETE CHANGE OF PROGRAMME     |  , Wednesday and Friday f  %  L. O. L.  The regular meeting of I.. O. L. 1842  was held on February 1 in K. P. Hall,  Mount Pleasant. There was a good  attendance of members. Two applications were received and one member admitted by certificate. Next  meeting will be held tonight, February  15, in the lodgerooms, and will be an  open meeting, taking the form of a  social and concert. This concert is in  aid of the new banner, and the committee in charge have spared no efforts to make it a success, and hope  all the members of 1842 and all sister  lodges will turn out and bring the ladies along too.  Tickets may be obtained from any  of the members, or at the hall, on  February 15, in the evening.  Tickets 25 cents.   Refreshments.  A full line of Fruits and Groceries, Scotch Shortbread. ���������  Try our noted Teas at 35c per lb. ���������  Directions Wanted.  In a time of distressing drought a  harassed amateur agriculturist stepped into a shop to buy a barometer.  The shopman was giving a few stereotyped instructions about indications  and pressures, when the purchaser  impatiently interrupted him.  "Yes, yes," said he, "that's all right,  but what I want to know is, how do  you set the thing when you want it to  rain?"���������Yorkshire Post.  This Theatre has been built to suit  the  public,   regardless   of  cost  f   It has been inspected and approved by the leading people of %  % the district.    It is absolutely fire-proof throughout. I  " It is one of the best and safest in the city."���������Fire Insurance Inspector   *  1712 COMMERCIAL DRIVE i  >;^.;..:..X":--:.-:������x���������;-i-i-X"!":"!"M"M";"> ********<'^****************  ���������     Whtre It Pay* to O-al  NO DUTY ON EXHIBITS.  Lethbrldge, Alta., Feb. 14��������� Th*  United States Customs division of the  treasury department has made a ruling permitting the free1 return to the  United States of the machinery am!  other articles brought to Lethbrldge.  Alta., for exhibition at the seventh International Dry-Farming Congress and  Dry-farmed Products Exposition, Oct.  21126.  In a letter to John T.. Burns, executive secretary-treasurer of the Dry-1  Farming Congress, Hon. F. M. Hal-  stead, thief of the customs service,  writes from Washington, D. C, that  provision has been made for the re  turn duty free of any articles, live  stock or machinery, sent out of tbe  United States for temporary uee at  the Congress exposii:on or in connec  tion with the Congress. Any machin  ery or exhibits, disposed of in Alberta  will be subject to Canadian duty, and  all exhibits will be admitted under  bond, to be released upon return to  the States.  The customs officials of Canada and  the United States have tendered their  co-operation to facilitate matters, and  it is expected there will be no difficulties or delays on account of the customs services of the two countries, as  has happened to exhibitors crossing  and recrossing the border.  WILSON TO REPRESENT TAFT.  Washington, D. C, Feb. 14.���������Presi  dent Taft has designated Secretary o'  Agriculture James Wilson as his per  sona! representative to \\\e seventh  International Dry-Farming Congres;  i to be held at Lethbridge, Alberta, Oct  121-20, and has promised the co-opera  tion of the department of ag*icultui\  Honcat Price* for Honest   X  Osods  ! ^e  . .        a -^. floods   ������>  Gta*dview Sfm i;  ;*"* J. W. Edmomte, Prop. *^���������ff9 4*  CCME AMD LOOM if   < \  CGMZAHQ WOK  ��������� ust what you v.ant  week.  Genuine Snaps  i   Ma:be you will see Just what you want in our window this %  i        " week.  \ U30 PARK DRIVE %  ^+4y**********************Q*************************4  Graduate ol Detroit The Be������t ^  Optical C������ikKe EXPERIENCE       <������M������U������Ma  'I  5UCCE55  A Bridge on Which You May Depend  G. W. URIMMETT, Optometrist and Optician  GLASSES  Make all the World seem  BRIGHTER  There is a sense of insecurity to these whose  sight is dim. Do not run the chance of being  injured through the want of glassfs. We are  prepared to give you the best service an optician can give.  BANK  OF OTTAWA   BUILDING  Office 106, First Floor Phone Seymour S32  Office Hours :   9 to 12 a m., 1 to 5 p.m., Sat. 7 to tf p. m.  ^:^^x^>.:~>.x������.:������j^^.^^H~w-4~{-w~������ o.|. 4********* .M-i-M- ���������'���������***-���������-���������**���������:������������������������������������+  \ \ CITV PRICES I  fi23 Sroadway W.  Phone: Falrm't 1520  LEE & WOOD  Importers of ,  Wall Papers, Paints,Brushes,Varnishes,OiIs,etc. ?  Our Store is in a locality where rents ai-e about one quarter of that .<c  commanded   by similar  stores  in the City, and  our stock  is new and ���������!-  clean.     THIS IS CONVENIENT FOR  YOU.     And you  get the t  benefit, as we are content with fair profits. X  Ytivr jobbing work will be promptly attended to if you phone��������� v  Fairmont L528 T.  ^  <������������������.���������.~.".~." 6  THE WESTERN CALL  '������; :"'T.  DEBATE ON NE TEHEIE DECREE  (Continued from Page2)  draw the attention of the House to a  few facts which I consider important.  I think it was my hon. friend (.Mr. l~an-  ~ caster) who said that one of the fathers of Confederation held- that parliament had power to pass such legislation as that now before us. The  conference at Quebec in 18G3 and  1864 discussed the various articles  which later became the Brtish North  America Act, and the fathers of confederation delegated Mr. Langevin,-  afterward Sir , Hector Langevin, to  speak for them ob this very question.  And he used this language:  "Well, amongst these rights are all  the civil laws of Lower Canada, and  among these latter those which relate to marriage; now it was of the  highest importance that it should be  so under the proposed system, and  therefore the members from Lower  Canada at the conference took great  care to obtain the reservation to the  local government of this important  right, and in consenting to allow the  word 'marriage' after the word 'divorce, the delegates have not proposed to take away with one hand  from the local legislature what they  bad reserved to it by the other. So  that the word 'marriage' placed where  it is among the powers of the central  parliament, has not the extended Big-,  niflcation which was sought to be  given to it by the honourable member. With the view of being more  ' explicit, I now propose to read how  tbe word marriage is proposed to be  understood."  When Sir Hector Langevin spoke he  -sad the manuscript in his hand, prepared with the approval of all his colleagues, men like Sir John Macdonald,  the Hon. George Brown, Mr. D'Arcy  MeGree, Mr. Gait, Mr. Chapis, all the  great men who sat around the board  where the confederation plan was  discussed, and he said:  "The word marriage has been placed  In the draft of the proposed constitution to invest the Federal parliament  with the right of declaring what marriages shall be held and deemed to be  valid throughout the whole extent of  the confederacy, without, however, interfering ln any particular with the  doctrine or rights of the religious  creeds to which the contracting parties may belong."  "This is a point of great importance,  and the French Canadian members  ought to rejoice to see that their fellow-countrymen in the government  have not failed In their duty on a question of so serious a nature.���������Debates.  on Confederation, p. 388."  ' After this declaration was made one  of the great men of that day, Sir A.  A. Porion, rose from bis seat end said  there was nothing but the word of Mr.  Langevin to guarantee to us that the  laws of Lower Canada were not going to be affected, and he used these  words:  "I can well understand what is  meant by the regulation of the law  of divorce; but what is meant by the  regulation of the marriage question?  Is the general government to be at  liberty to set aside all that we have  been In the habit of doing in Lower  Canada in this respect? Will the general government have tbe power to  determine the degree of relationship  and the age beyond which persons  may marry, as well as the consent  which will be required to make the  marriage valid? If so, it will have  the power to upset one of the most  important portions of our civil code  and one affecting more than any other  all classes of society."  Then Sir Hector Langebin repeated  his declaration. He told Sir Antoine  Uorion that the declaration had been  carefully prepared beforehand, and  was going to be the law. Now what  do we find, and this is something  which every Canadian should know.  The articles of Confederation as  adopted in 1804, did not contain tbe  words, "the solemnization of marriage," which are, we now find, in the  British North America Act. The  words "marriage and divorce" were in  those articles, but tbe words of section  92 wee.* not to be found in them. After  the remarks made by Sir Antoine Do-  rion, and after Sir Hector Langevin's  rejoinder, whent hose gentlemen went  to London they caused those words to  oe inserted in the British *North  . America Act. I am giving arguments  in order that the public may understand both sides of the question. We  have been given the opinion of Mr.  Make.   What did Mr. Blake tell us in  "We cannot provide as to banns,  dispensations or licenses preliminary  to the solemnization of marriage. The  right to legislate on this subject lies  with the local legislature."  My right, hon. friend, the leader of  the opposition, will admit that this  argument goes very far to show that  there are very strong opinions on both  CRIME    IN  COUNTY  CLARE,  IRELAND  Roman Catholic Bishop's Scathing Denunciation���������The Murder of Mrs.  O'Mara���������Prevalence of Intimidation  and Moonlighting. \  A remarkable address was delivered  by the Most Rev. Dr. Fogarty, Roman  Catholic Bishop of Killaloe, at first  mass in Eiuiis Cathedral, on the 17th  inst. He referred to the murder of  Mrs. O'Mara, in Bast Clare, and in  the course of his remarks said: "This  county has had an evil record in the  matter of crime, and we are so accustomed to outrages of almost weekly  occurrence around us that it is not  easy to shock us.   But the most hard-  people to upbraid the murderer of Mrs.  O'Mara with his unhuman cruelty?  The horror of the thing is intensified  by the fact that not one of these miscreants is brought to justice. The  murderers of poor Garvey beside his  creel of turf at Ballinruan are said to  be known; the bay-burners, the horse-  blinders of Ballinruan and the districts  north of Corofin are said to be known.  In any other country���������for instance, in  the United States of America���������such  bald ruffiianism would be hunted down  or lynched as a public peril; but here,  in the place I refer to, they have a curtain of security thrown round them by  cowardice or perverted moral sense on  the part of the community amongst  whom they live and operate. The result  of it is that people in the districts I re-  PROPORTIONATE DE   CREASE IN ,  RAILWAY DEATHS SHOWN  ened conscience in Clare has been  shocked and horrified by the awful j fer to have become completely demor  murder that has been committed in thejalized and seem to have lost all grasp  county, and which has fixed an inef-Jof the most elementary    principle of  faceable disgrace on it. A more horrible crime was never committed in  any part of the world. One's heart is  filled with pity for the honest farmer  whose sad lot it waB to see his horn"  invaded by a foul murderer through  the door which Irish charity kei*f open  and the mother of his children blowr  to pieces at his fireside. But what is  the. use of our resolutions and sympathy if the spirit is allowed to continue which made such a horrid deed  possible amongst us? For there is no  denying tbe fact that this murder,  which covers us with disgrace, Is the  natural outcome of the disgraceful system of intimidation and outrage thai  Christian morals, all sense of the sa-  credness of human life, or regard for  right or wrong in the sight of God.  Human life is not valued at three halfpence by some of them. It was only  last Thursday night, before the county had recovered from the shock of  Mrs. O'Mara's murder, that right over  the mountain an unfortunate postman  was shot on the public road between  Crusheen and Ballinruan, for no other  reason, apparently, than that another  fellow wanted his job. It has come to  this, that if a man differs from one of  them for a shilling, or refuses to give  him his way in everything, the first  thing that comes into his head is to  moonlight him or get him moonlighted.  With the cunning of a mean and  vicious dog he steals behind him in the  dark and shoots him.in the back, or  murders a helpless woman of bis family, or shoots out the eye of his poor  horse, or cuts the throat of his bullock  *n<l spikes his head upon a gate. No  wonder that outsiders regard us all as  a pack of savages pure and simple, and  that our county has become a byword  and a shame to the rest of Ireland,  for it is to be noted that in no other  county in Ireland is this sort of thing  has been rampant for a long time in  certain districts of this unhappy country, and of the immunity from punishment enjoyed by the wicked and cowardly moonlighter, in his deeds of  crime, especially in that very locality  of Broadford and O'Callaghan's Mills,  where in addition to their other acts  of savagery they have shut out the  eyes of two men within the last couple  of years. When the people were  ground to dust, and were almost driven mad by oppression and injustice,  and had no redress or protection within the law, that sort of thing was. in- \ carried on now except In Clare and a  telligible, however deplorable it may  have been; but there is not a particle  of honorable or public motive, to palliate the wanton outrages that are now,  to its indelible disgrace, being committed in certain districts of this country,"and which are Inspired invariably  by the meanest of all motives���������private  spleen, jealousy or greed. Not long  ago a decent, honest man was shot on  the road from Corofin to Ennis. I am  told people passed the wounded man by  and refused to take him into their car  through fear.   What right have such  sides, and that is the object I hadin  making these quotations. They show  that there was much doubt in the  minds of certain people���������not ln mine���������  and that is why this matter should  be referred to the Privy Council.  My right hon. friend, tbe leader of  tbe opposition, will admit that that  is an argument which goes very far  to meet that raised by the hon. member for Lincoln, and it shows that  there are strong opinions on both  sides. That is the object I had in view  in making these quotations. They  show that there Is much doubt in tbe  minds of the people���������not in mine���������  and what I say here need not be accepted as the judgment of the Privy  Council.  Tbe Hon. David Mills, who was Minister of Justice in the right hon. gentleman's government, said:  "The form in which marriages are  to be solemnized is beyond our authority, and therefore it is a question  which we ought not to deal with."  The late Sir John Macdonald said  the same thing. Then Mr. Justice  Girouard, who proposed the Bill to  legalize marriage with a deceased  wife's sister, expressed a different  opinion. But he said that in view ot  the different opinion expressed by Sir  John Macdonald and Mr. Blake and  Mr. Mills, he yielded to their better  judgriient and consented to strike from  the Bill the dispensation clause which  was in it when it was presented to  the House.  This discussion will have an impor-  ant effect. In the first place it will  remover a great many doubts and  misapprehensions which have heretofore existed. It will prevent religious  discussions, which are always to be  regretted, because they always leave  some bitterness behind. In my opinion  the government has done wisely in endeavoring to have the opinion of the  highest court in the land before-enacting any statute. When we have that  opinion we shall know whether the  hou. member for Lincoln (Mr. Lancaster) is right, or the Minister of  Justice (Mr. Doherty), is right, and I  do not see any reason in the meantime  why we should not go one and work  together as Canadians, Protestants and  Catholics combined, for the benefit of  this country. That is our bounden  duty, and when the majority of this  House has removed this question, temporarily at least, from discussion, I  hope that the newspapers will follow  suit, and that everybody will be content to wait until we have a decision  from the Privy council, and know  ' where we stand.  strip of Connaught bordering on Clare.  These acts of barbarity are the work  of a few and are confined to the three  districts I have mentioned; but are the  decent people of Clare going to submit  to this sort of thing aB a perpetual  scandal and disgrace to them? Surely  they have intelligence enough to recognize and realize the curse and paralyzing influence it has brought and is  bringing upon our country, for tbe result of all this is that Clare is in many  ways the most backward county in Ireland. The rest of Ireland Is advancing  by leaps and bounds along the road of  prosperity; but Clare is held up by  the moonlighters. It is a sad and painful thing for anyone who loves and admires tbe people as I do to have to  uncover such a hideous picture of our  social life for the public gaze; but 1  would sooner be transported out of life  altogether than rule as Bishop over a  community where the most sacred  laws of God were openly disregarded  in spite of all my appeals to save  them, for what is the use of professing the Christian religion and invoking the sacred name of Jesus Christ  our Saviour if our life as a community he a disgrace to any religion. I do  hope that the murderer of Clare-  mount will be brought to justice. As  to the blackguard spirit of intimidation and outrage on which I have said  so much, I beg and implore the young  men of Clare' to combine and take  this matter In hand and hunt down  the moonlighter wherever he appears  like a wolf, and, as they value freedom  and virtue, and the honor of Clare and  of Ireland, not to desist until they  have exterminated him and his wolfish mixture of cunning and cruelty  from our country."  More to be Pitied.  Tramp (to lonely spinster)���������"Come,  Missus, arst yer 'usband if 'e ain't got  a old pair o' trousers to give away."  Spinster (anxious not to expose her  solitude)���������"Sorry, my good man, beer���������er���������never wears sucli things."������������������  Punch.  Tired Out.  "Is the first edition of your novel exhausted yet?"  "No.   Why?"  "I thought it might be from standing so long on the counters."���������Boston  Transcript.  Lady Lawyers Unpopular.  With the admission of the third  woman to the Montreal bar this week  tne city now leads the country in  number of Portias following the profession of law. Small as the number  of female lawyers, or lawyeresses, may  seem, it is really surprising that it is  as large as it is. Investigation shows  that they find it extremely difficult to  get started, and all the way throughout their careers have a somewhat  more difficult time of it than the male  lawyers. Just why this is tbe case  has not been very definitely determined, although a number of reasons are  suggested. The female lawyer is still  looked upon as a novelty, and as a result perhaps not as reliable as her  more firmly entrenched professional  J brother.  Compared to Number of Passengers  Carried There Were Fewer Deaths  on Canadian Roads This Year Than  Last���������Steel Cars Minimize Accidents  Women Lawyers Not Overburdened  With Clients���������Opponents of Long  Sault Dam Say Proposition Is More  Alive Than Ever It Was and That  Opposition to It Recedes as Matter  Becomes More Thoroughly Understood.  (From Our Own Correspondent) .'.  MONTREAL. Feb. 6.���������The railways  of the country kill or injure a great  many persons in the course of a twelve  month, many more in proportion than  are killed by the railroads of European countries. The record develops  so gradually, as a rule, that it fails to  attract more than passing attention  as a part of the news of the day. And  the end of the year it is summed up.  it may be more or less than was expected, but in either event it lacks  impresBiveness. We are accustomed  to the grewBome result. The year  would hardly be complete without.!  The railways are notentirely to blame j  for all the tragedies due to their op-!  eration. Probably the victims in lialf j  the Instances of more were trespassers, including those who use the  tracks for pedestrian exercise, and the  trekking fraternity whose members  ride on the trucks instead of in the  coaches.  But it is the business of the railroad  companies to carry their traveling patrons In safety. To equip themselves  for their great responsibility they must  avail themselves of every form of safeguarding their human freight that science and invention have provided. To  do less than that is not keeping, faith  with the public or doing themselves  justice. A good many accidents indicate that some of them have fallen  short of their full duty in this respect.  Many derailments have occurred in  the past year or two due to broken  rails, indicating that the rails are not  strong enough to bear the strain of  the rolling stock that is being made  increasingly heavy from year to year.  There is one advance, however, that  wears a very hopeful aspect. The  steel car has had its test in several  collisions, and it has behaved in a  very gratifying manner. At least twice  within the past year, when fast-flying  expresses have been thrown from their  tracks, in each instance, killing the engineer and firemen, the passengers  escaped with nothing worse than an  uncomfortable shaking up, and this  comparative immunity was due to tbe  fact that, they were riding in steel  cars. The victims of the recent accident in Illlonois were themselves railroad officials of high rank, but they  were riding ln a wooden car that  crushed in the impact like an eggshell. The steel Pullman on the same  train escaped with slight injuries.  Ueng Sault Dam Not Dead.  According to Mr. J. Wesley Allison,  tbe Long Sault dam proposition is still  a very live proposition, and there Is  every indication that the backers of  this gigantic task have at last succeeded In perfecting plans which will admit' of their satisfactorily carrying on  the work while, at the same time previous opposition on certain points will  be eliminated. Mr. Allison is somewhat downcast over this state of affairs, as he has spent the beBt part  of his waking moments for the past  five years,, bucking the Long Sault In  one way or another. Mr. Allison also  feels very much aggrieved over the attitude certain of his allies have taken  lately on the subject of the Long Sault.  Toronto Saturday Night, for instance,  whose columns a year or two ago were  filled with damnations of the dam,  has now set forth to rectify its errors, and has, in recent articles, announced that cloBe study of the subject leaves but one opinion, and that  is that tbe dam is bound to be built  and that it will be a good thing for  Canada when it is built.  Montreal opinion is not altogether  unanimous with Toronto Saturday  Night, so far as can be discovered,  nor is it any more unanimous with  Mr. Allison, whose belief that the dam  scheme must be sat upon amounts now  to almost fanaticism, but Mr. Allison's  case has been damaged considerably  since he first commenced to stir up  sentiment in Montreal. Mr. Allison  first posed as a patriot. It was some  time later, and then only accidentally  that Montreal became aware of the  fact that Mr. Allison was trying to  promote a little water power development of his own up near the Long  Sault. The appointment of the new  International .Waterways Commission  and the belief that this body will be  called upon to O. K. the revised plans  of the Long Sault people has renewed  interest in the matter here, and shipping men and others are beginning  to study tbe question with real care.  So great is the interest, in fact, that  the Canadian Club has invited Mr.  James W. Rickey, the chief engineer  of the Long Sault Development Company, to come to Montreal and set  forth before the club his side of this  much discussed question.  City Fire Alarms  Granville and Beacn.  P. R. Tarda.  S���������Granville and Davte.  8���������Granville and Robson.  7���������Seymour and Halmcken.  8���������North end old Camble St. Bridge  9���������Georgia and Car-, bio.  10���������Hamilton and Robson.  13���������Granville and'Dunsmutr.  13���������Richards and Dunsmuir.  14���������Seymour and Pender. -  15���������Homer and Pender.  18���������Hastings and Granville.  17���������Hastings and Richards.  18���������Seymour and Cordova.  IS���������C.P.R. Wharf (No. 2 Shed.)  80--H. B. Co.. Georgia and Granville  81���������Cordova and Water.  aa���������W. H. Malkln's. Water Street.  23���������Water and Abbott.  84���������Hastings and Abbott  85���������Cordova and Camble.  86���������Water and Carrall.  87���������Cordova and-Columbia.  88���������Pender and Columbia..  89���������Pender and Beattie.  30���������Hastings and Hamilton.  31���������Hastings and Carrall.  38���������R. C. Mills, south end Carrall.  33���������Hudson's Bay Co.. Water Street  34���������-City Hall.  33��������� Main and Barnard.  96���������Main, and Powell.  37���������Main and Keefer.  38���������C. P. R. Wharf (No. S Shed).  48���������Smythe and Camble.  43���������Smythe & Homer.  44���������Brackman-Ker Wharf.  46���������Homer and Helmcken.  S3���������Dunsmuir and Hornby.  S3���������Granville and  Nelson.  54���������Robson and  Hornby.  61���������Davie and Hornby.  68���������Nelson and Hornby.  63���������Georgia and Howe.  64���������Pender and Howe.  66���������Hastings and Hornby.  67���������Main and Park Lane.  68���������Dunsmulr and Beattie.  71���������Columbia and Alexander.  78���������Seymour and Drake.  73���������Seymour and Smythe.  181 --Heap's Mill. Powell Street.  188���������Hastings Mill  No.  3.  183���������Hastings Mill No. 1.  184���������Burns' Abattoir.  185���������Powell and Woodland.  186���������Hastings Mill, foot Dunleavy.     .  187���������Pender and Salsnnry.  136���������Hastings and  Victoria  Drive.  188���������Oxford and Tetnpleton.  188-���������Pender arid JacKson. '  131���������Powell and Carl.       *  138���������Hastings and Carl.  133���������Vernon and Powell.  134���������Pender and Heatley.  135���������Powell- and Hawks.  136���������Hastings and  Dunlevy.  137���������Salisbury and Powell.  141���������Powell   and    Raymur,   Sugar   Re=  finery.  148���������Hastings and  Vernon.  143���������Hastings and Lakewood.  151���������Powell and Eaton.  818���������Eighth and Bridge.  813���������Sixth and Heather.  814���������Lansdowne and Manitoba.  815���������Prudential  Investment Co., Front  and Manitoba.  816���������Sixth and Birch.  817���������Front and Scotia.  918���������Front and Ontario.  881���������Seventh and Ash.  888���������Sixth and Spruce.  884���������Sixth and Laurel.'  885���������Vancouver Lumber Co.  886���������Vancouver Engineering Co.  887���������Lome and Columbia,  888���������Sixth and Alberta.  831���������Fifth and Yukon.  888���������Eighth and Manitoba.  833���������Sixth and Granville.-.  841���������Eighth and Granville.  848���������Front and Main.  843���������Second and Granville.  851���������Main and Dufferln.  853���������Seventh and Carolina, -  861���������Prince Edward and Dufferln.  868���������Eighth and Prince Edward.  863���������Fifth and Main.  864���������Seventh and Main.  318���������Barclay and Den man.  313���������Pacific Coast Mills.  314���������Broughton and Georgia.  3*5��������� Davie and Denman.  316���������Burnaby and Nicola.  317���������Chllco and Barclay.  318���������Chlleo and Georgia.  381���������Bute and Harwood.  sat���������Bute and Barclay.  aft���������Nelson and Thurlow.  384���������Chllco and Comox.  385���������Burrard and Georgia.  386   Bute and Georgia.  387���������Bute and Robson.  'Barclay and Broughton.  Jervis and Pendrell.  I���������Burrard and Harwood.  J���������Denman and Georgia.  333���������Burnaby and Jervis.  384���������Bidwell and Haro.  tii- Robson and Cardero.  336���������Burrard and Comox.  337���������Jervis and Haro.  jl���������Pender and Thurlow.  .Broughton and Harwood.  .Burnaby and Thurlow.  ���������Thurlow and Albernl.  ���������Third and Cedar.  413���������Third and Maple.  4li���������First and Yew7  ���������First and Trafalgar.  116���������Second and pine.  tt7���������Cornwall and Yew.  \l���������������Third and Macdonald.  lit���������First and Balaclava.  11���������Third and Balsam.  Cornwall and Balsam.  II���������Maple and Creelmsn, C. P. R.  grant,  fit���������Eighth and Clark.  ���������J���������������Graveley and park.  614���������Fourth and Park.  615���������Gravelev and Woodland.  516���������Charles and Clark.  817���������Williams and Woodland.  818���������Parker and Park.  818���������Venables and Cotton.  Sfl���������Venables and Clark.  888   Campbell and Harrla.  583���������Harris  and Gore.    -  884���������Prior and Gore.  585���������Prior and-Jackson.  836���������Union  and  Hawkes.  687���������Carl and Grove.  888���������Harris and Woodland.  588���������Second and Park Drive.  531���������William and Park Drive.  638���������Blsmark and Park Drive.  533���������Third adn McLean.  541���������Carl and Keefer.  618���������Keefer and Victoria,  613���������Parker and Victoria.  614���������Williams and Victoria,  615���������Bismarck and Lakewood.  616���������Second and Victoria,  617���������Sixth and Victoria.  618���������Lakewood   and   Barnard.  718���������Tenth and Park.  713���������Twelfth and Clark.  714��������� Ninth and Dock.  715���������Twelfth and Scott  716���������Broadway  and   Burns.  717���������Twelfth and Woodland.  .718���������Fourteenth  and Park Drive.  818���������Sixteenth and Sophia.  888���������Twenty-second and Sophia.  <  833���������Twentieth and Humphrey.  843���������West. Rd. and Fraser.  847���������-Twenty-fourth and Fraser.  858���������Twenty-second and Marcha,  873���������Fifteenth and Thomas.  .876���������West. Rd. and Thomas.  1818���������Ninth and Yukon.  1813���������Eleventh and Ontario.  1814���������Tenth and St ^George.  1815���������Thirteenth and Main,  1316���������Tenth and Quebec.  1217���������Broadway and Columbia.  1318���������Eleventh arid Ash.  1818���������Fifteenth and Main.  1884���������Vancouver General Hospital.  1833���������Broadway and Ash.  1851���������Fourteenth and Manitoba.  1353���������Tenth and West Road.  1363���������Thirteenth find Prince Edward.  1264���������Thirteenth and Yukon.  1313���������Sixth and Pine.  1313���������Seventh and Maole.  1314���������Thirteenth and Alder.  1315���������Ninth and-Cedar.  1316���������Eleventh and Oak.  1317���������Broadway and Oak.  1318���������Eleventh and Fir.  1319���������Th'rteenth and Hemlock.  1331���������Broadway and Alder.  1388���������Twelfth and Cyprus.  1383���������Tenth and Arbutus.  1384���������Fourteenth and Arbutus.  1348���������Broadway and Willow.  1418.���������Eleventh and Yew.  1413���������Seventh and Balsam.  1414���������Fifth and Trafalgar.  3118���������Kamloops and Hastings.  2119���������Powell and Clinton.  8188���������Eaton and Clinton.  8138���������Slocan and Pandora.  8145���������Dundan and Renfrew.  8858���������Windemere and Pender.  V  Boots and Shoes Repaired  Quickly, Neatly, Cheaply  537 BROADWAY, WEST  (Next to Mercier's)   P. KMIT, Prop.  2436 MAIN  STREET  (BEWEEN 8th and BROADWAY)  First-class Repairing a Specialty  Boots and Shoes m -de to order���������  P. PARIS, Prop.  Close to Corner of 5th Avenue  Tbe DEPOT for CHRISTIAN LITEMTOIE  117S ORANVILLE STREET  Books for the Teacher.     Book* for the Preacher.  Booki for the Searcher. Books for Um Saint.  Booki for the Sinner.  Would you know thing* to come 7    Read Ifauro'a  Number of Man." 75c  FLORENCE M. REID  Teacher of  PIANO AND THEJJRY  37 i oth Av*>.,W.  mfSTTSSIAjr.  <-. MT-, PLEAS ANT CHURCH.  Cor Ninth Ave. and Quebec 8t  Sunday   services���������Public   worship  at  ������i������?- a^?.d ' :U0Am.\. Sunday School anil  Bible CUirs at 2:30 p.m.  .-n1^ ��������� J- B Woodshle. M.A., Pastor.  "  1.0 Broadway,W. Tele. Fairmont 281-R  11  944TX8)V.  MT.   PLEASANT   .-BAPTIST    CHURCH  Cor. Tenth Ave. and Quebec 8t.  S. Everton, B.A.. Pastor  250 13th Ave. E.        '  Preaching Services���������11   a.m.    and    7 30  P.m.   Sunday School at 2:30 p.m  PK^TRAh BAPTIST CHURCH  Cor. 10th Ave. and Laurel St.  Services���������Preaching at 11 a.m. and 7:38  p.m.   Sunday School at 2:30 p.m  Rev . P. Clifton Parker. M.A.. Pastor.   11th Ave. W.  MT. PLEASANT CHURCH  Cor. 10th Ave. and Ontario..  Services���������Preaching at   11   a.m.  and  at  7:00 p.m.   Sunday   School    and   Bible  Class at 2:30 p.m.  Rev.  W.  Lashley Hall. B.A.B.D., Pastor  Parsonage, 123 nth Ave. W. Tele. Fairmont 1449.  Trinity Methodist Church, Seventh  Ave. E., between Park Drive and Victoria Drive. Pastor, Rev. A. M. Sanford.  B.A., B.D. Public Worship. Sunday, at  11 n.m. and 7 p.m. Sabbath School at  9:45 a.m. during summer months. Midweek rally on Wednesday at 8 p.m.  4W0WOAW.  ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH  Cor.  Broadway and  Prince  Edward St.  Services���������Morning- Prayer at 11 ������.m.  Sunday School and Bible class at 2:3*  p.m.  Evening Prayer at 7:30 p.m.  Holy Communion every Sunday at 8 a.n������.  and l������t and 3rd Sundays at 11 a.m.  Rev. O. H. Wilson. Rector  Rectory, Cor. 8th  Ave.  and  Prince Edward St. Tele.   Fairmont 408-L.  %ATT*������ OAT ���������AOmT ���������  .REORGANIZE!) CHURCH  OF CHRIST  ' 1370 10th  Ave.  East.  Services���������Every   Sunday    evening   at   I  o'clock.    Sunday School at 8 o'clock.  1. MeMullen, Elder.  nrpsTSirvivT oitpn ot o������������-  nuovi  MT. PLKA8ANT LODGE NO. 19  Meets   every   Tuesday    at    8   p.m.   In  I.O.O.F.   hall.   Westminster     Ave..   Mt.  Pleasant.    Soournlns  brethren   cordially  invited to attend.  XV.  F. McKenile. X. G.. 452 10th Ave. K.  J. C. Dnvien, V.G.. 1231  Homer St.  S. Sewell, Rec. Secy.. 481'7th Ave, F..  ftOTAKOTMLiroa *oi>oi  MT. PLEASANT L. O. L. NO. 1842.  Meets the 1st and 3rd Thursdays of  each month at 8 p.m. in the K. of P hall.  All visiting brethren cordially welcome.  H. Birmingham. W.M.. 477 7th Ave. B.  C. M. Howes, Sec, 393 10th Ave.  E.  ******* 1**4 till IM1 H 11 H������  ************ *4 1 *'** I * ******  Willoughby's  Cash   Grocery!   ���������    ��������� ; *  Shipment Fresh from England   : |  Oliver's Jams and Assorted Fruits!  { aiso PEEK & FREAN'S BISCUITS !   ������������������-������������������������������������ . .j.  Cor. llth Ave. & St.Catharines St. f  1 PHONE:    Fairmont 1321 %  x *  j. * * * * >.;��������� ** *** **** ** *-l-**-:-*'i>* &****4***M'**************������ rfe^p  THE WESTERN CALL. '  t������  iilHiil  A Jittle girl was rather given to exaggerating ^nd would tell wild stories  of her adventures, for which she was  ! duly punished on the grounds of telling naughty stories. ,.  One day after her walk in the park  she ran to her motlfer, exclaiming "Oh,  mummy, as nurse and I were walking ^across Panama which woay be expect-  Act Respecting Grain  (Continued from Page 3)  affecting the middle of the prairie regions of the northwest, and all other  parts of Canada, by the stupendous  undertaking   now   being   carried   on  in the park a big lion sprang out and  would have eaten me up ff nurse had  not pulled me aside."  ''You \naugMy child!" said her  mother. "Go to your room and ������tay  there until you are sorry for telling  such-wicked stories, and ask your good  angel^to forgive you for telling such  8 nfugfcty story about the lion."  Half an hour later her mother went  up and found her looking very penitent?  "Well." she said, "have you asked  your good angel to forgive you?"  "Yes, mummy," was the reply. "I  did ask, and he said 'Don't mention  it. Miss Brooks; I've often mistaken  them big yellow poodles for lions myself.'  ad tp see its completion in a year and  a, half or two years from this time. It  will have an immense effect on trans-  all proceed upon business or economical principles. A storage system must  in'some way or other come in to assist  the present transport facilities, and  the problem in the wept will be solved  by the increase of storage, and the increase, as soon ,as it can possibly be  done, of transport facilities out from'  the west. . . . . Then there is the  trouble in the west with reference to  prices.   The farmer feels that he does  )  BORDER TAILOR  SPRING WEAR  Our Special $30  Suits' are the best  value in the city.  Cleaning,   Pressing;   and\ Repairing a  >   Specialty.  CEDAR COTTAGE  .  Right where the car stops.  Branch  WOWS BAKERY  AND CONFECTIONERY  Only the Best kept  8. COUSINS        ess Broadway W  Anatomical Shoe Store  Parke Houston, Prop.  Repairs a Specialty  Harness and Shoemaking  6352 fraser St, on. 30th Aye.  Piano Tuning  Expert Rjepair Work.  Factory Experience  V   Best References  W. J. GOA*U>.  9991 9nt1 Avenue* Woa*  FIRST-CLASS  SHOEMAKJNQ  AND SHOE REPAIRING  ,DONE AT  PETERS & CO.  Near Corner Main Street and Broadway  PR. R. INGRAM  Physician   and   Surgeon  Office and Residence:  portation and on the distribution of iriot get the amount which he is en-  materials in Canada in future years., [titled to from his'grain as the pro-  Mr. MARTIN (Regina). 1 .desire to ducer and the primary owner. No  ask the minister. (Mr. Foster), if the  hope of transportation for the future}"1* " arises from the very causes I  have mentioned, namely, that the  -transport facilities are inadequate,'and  consequently either no transport can  be got. and this diminishes the price  which the farmer has a right to expect. But these difficulties are gradu  ally disappearing aa transport facili  ties are made better, and that is  something which requires time, co-  aleo affected by the ratee of freight,  operation and patience. The price  and the complaint from the farmers  is found very general that they are  being charged too much on their  grain. That is a "matter which is in  the hands of the Railway Commission.  The Railway Commission has already  done something in that line, or will  do, as it is about to undertake now in  the month of February an exhaustive  examination of freight rates in the  west. I suppose that is one of the  grievances for which the management  and work of the Railway Commission  will find some if not altogether a total,  alleviation. ������    "   >  .Then there are the manipulators or  middlemen in the storage. It is complained in reference to some of the  terminal storage elevators, so far as I  can understand, that the grain of the  farmer starting with certain qualities  in each grade may be changed by the  elevator man or owner, or proprietor,  so that the farmer gets no benefit  from it, and that the elevator man, or  owner himself, makes a profit by the  mixing of the grades, strengthening a  lover grade by an overplus of an upper grade, and bringing the two up to  a higher grade for which he gets   a  is the best solution he has to offer for  the western grain blockade of today?  Mr. FOSTER (North Toronto). If  the hon. member (Mr. Martin, Regina)  will possess his soul in patience,- he  will bear what I have to offer. There  is another thing intimately connected  with transportation, and that is the  question of storage. I think that the  difficulty in the northwest, now and  in the future, is to be met in part by  increase of storage facilities as well  as increase of transportation facilities  ���������the two, indeed, go together. One  of the factors of the situation in the  northwest is that the farmers there,  as a rule, do not think that it is a part  of their work to'furnish what the  farmer* of eastern and middle Canada  furnishes ��������� storehouses, granaries,  barns, in which to place the crops he  raises in order to keep them until it  pleases him to sell them. There are  farmers' elevators at various points on  the several railways as well as the  great terminal elevators. I have a  statement showing the storage capacity as follows:  Bushels.  Country elevators   57,500,000  Ontario terminals 25,700,000  Ontario milling terminals..    1,700,000  Eastern transfers  20,500.000  Total   105,400,000  Yet we have the" fact that these  storage facilities are inadequate to  take all the grain that offers, so that  there are millions of bushels of grain  today, threshed or unthreshed, in the  fields not stored in any way. The storage capacity is increased by the capacity of the vessels wintering at the  terminals, which is about 5,000,000  bushels to 7,000,000 bushels.  The total storage' capacity at that  terminal point during, the winter season, therefore, comes closely to 30,-  000,000 or 32,000,000 bushels, i/is also  to be remembered that when "you talk  of capacity you are not altogether  close up to the actual storage they can  make; owing to difference of grades  some space is left vacant. Then there  is a trouble in the west which intensifies this condition, namely, that the  whole transfer of grain, so far as the  west is concerned, compresses itself  within a period of three months at  most, .and a period of probably nearer  two months on the occasion of a 'season such as we have Just had. So that  the immense reapings from the farms  of the west are garnered and ready  for market in the brief period of two  or two and a half months. That complicates the situation. It seems to be  economically impossible for railway  SUITE A. WALDEN BUILD'G | transporting cars to fill that great de-  25th Ave. and Main St.       Imand in two or tnree ���������������nths> and at  ate through a commission.  This is not my Bill particularly, nor  the Bill of any party; it is, as nearly  as possible, a non-partisan Bill. I am  its foster-father, at the present moment, but the child is much tbe same  as when it came from its original parents; a little better dressed up it may  be, but still it is intrinsically the same  child, and I take it that the parent of  that child was not a Liberal government or a Liberal Conservative government, but it waB the product of  the conferences of all interests in, the  matter after successive years of examinations and discussion. This result is  placed in concrete shape in the Bill  which came down from the Senate. I  do not know of any Bill that has come  before parliament of recent years  which comes upon a basis which more  commends it to a careful, earnest,  honest application of the best efforts  of all of us on both sides of the House,  to produce a piece of legislation which  shall be acceptable to all concerned  and which shall be beneficial to the  country. The government are bound  through the introduction of tbe Bill to  steer it through the House but the  government are not bigoted in this  matter and for my own part I welcome  the co-operation and the knowledge  which so many members in this House  have of this matter, I welcome and  invite it in order that we may perfect  the measure and make it, as I said, as  good a measure as we can possibly  have.  I do not think it necessary to keep  you longer, I ought to apologize for  having kept you so long. When I began to study this matter I found that  I knew very little about it and that is  what, has prompted me to make a rather more extended exposition of the  subject than I otherwise would have  done for the benefit of members who  had not paid attention to it so as to  make us all more capable for the subsequent work of legislating in this  matter.  Mr. ROBB.   Has the minister given  any consideration to the question of  providing terminal elevators elevators  ! at  Lake  Superior Junction ?    Unless  **************************  **************************  E McBridel  & COMPANY  Headquarters for all kinds of Hardware  LARGE ASSORTMENT OF  t  ���������-.*���������  \ Heating Stoves j  20 per cent.  Off Regular Prices jl  Cor. Main Str. and 16th Ave.! i  PHONE: Fairmont 899'  PROF. COWAN  EXPERT TEACHER of Violin, Mandolin,  Guitar,  Banjo,  Authoharp   and  Zitner.  Twenty Private Lessons   -   $8.00  No Class Lessons  Musicians supplies of every description.  COWS UP-TO-DATE MUSIC STORE  , 2348 Westminster Rd. nr. 8th       Phone Fairmont 1567  tnummn  higher price. That is a grievance of thls is'done the Grand Trunk Pacific,  the western farmer, which brings to ,as a road for carrying grain east in  the front the question of terminal! the winter time, would be considerab-  elevators, and it is that question ly handicapped over the roads going  which, in this Bill we undertake to by Fort William.  Branch Store:  Corner Fraser and Miles Avenues  Phone: Fairmont il67L  ******** ** V* \*\* I*4 ������l������I������1��������� ������������������������������! * t ��������� 1������I* I * I ** * it | i I������ ****  solve, and it will require the best efforts of all of us on both sides of the  House, to solve it in a manner satisfactory to all, and at the same time  in an effective manner.  ��������� ��������� * ���������  Coming down to the present Act, 1  have only a few words to say as 1  think it would be better for us to take  this matter up in committee. The Object of the present Act is to review  these grievances and to alleviate  these branches in as far Is an enactment of parliament can alleviate and  help. The whole Act, which is a long  one, is not new;   it Is a consolidation  Mr. FOSTER (North Toronto. The I  clauses which bear on terminal elevators come in considerably later in the  Bill. When we reach them I shall be  able to give my hon. friend the information he asked for.  Motion agreed to, Bill read the second time, and House went into Committee thereon.  On section 2���������Interpretation,  Mr. FOSTER (North Toronto. I  wish to add the following paragraph  to the Interpretation clause:  "Mill elevator, includes every elevator or warehouse used, or operated as  part of any plant engaged in the mill-  CANADIAN PULPWOOD IN THE  UNITED STATED  intiiMtrnii������������������������������o������������������g������o������ottt������������������a������������������i������n  11  am***  Phono Fairmont 945      Always in Mt. Pleasant  Jelly's Express  and Baggage Transfer  Stand���������Main and Broadway  Phono - Fairmont 845  i******.^******^********** *,********** ******** i ** 11 * i  Sterling Cafes  Kin. Hasegawa, Prop.  2611 Main Street, near 10th Ave.  Phone: Fairmont 620R  625 Main Street, near Avenue Theatre  Phone: Seymour 7009  If you buy our Meal Ticket for $3.75 you save money, and  you can use the ticket at either Cafe  No. 2  No. I  .... ..      ���������   .  ��������� .       . ��������� .  ������������������. ing of grain products in the western  of the Inspection and Sales Act and . ������     ,. , .  ..      ������������������    ...      ���������   J     .   .      ...        inspection division.  the   Manitoba  Grain   Act  with   some  amendments and additions. The object is to perfect the governmental  system of supervision -and of control  so as to meet some of the difficulties  which have arisen and do away with  some of the grievances which have  been stated. A commission is to be  formed which, in the first place, will  have control of what has* so far been  controlled not by a commission but  by officers appointed by the government. This commission will consist  of three members. It will be the aid  of ,the government to get three men  who are in the first place honest, in  the second place, capable and efficient,  and, in the third place, men with executive and organizing ability which,  I think, is not the least qualification  necessary for the work. In the hands  of that commission, made as independent as a commission can be made  will be placed the whole control, supervision and work which is now entrusted to the different officers of the  government.  The government also takes power in  this Act to expropriate, to construct  and to lease terminal elevators to the  end that the selfish interest which it  has heretofore been declared has  worked against the interests of the  farmer shall be eliminated as far as  possible and such terminal elevators  when constructed or built or leased  will be run by the commission, it will  be their business to operate these  elevators in addition to discharging  the duties which are now placed upon  the officers who are carrying out the  Act as it has been on the statute-  book.  Mr. MACLEAN (South York).���������  Would you take away the existing  rights of railways to maintain-their  own elevators?  Mr. FOSTER (North Toronto. One  of the most vexed and important questions that we will have to deal with  in this House is what shall be done  to eliminate the evil which is acknowledged to exist, the selfish interest. I am not prepared, at this moment to say how far the government  propose to go, that is a matter upon  which I hope we shall be able to enlighten the House before tbis Bill is  through;  what we are getting by tbis  For good values in  REAL ESTATE AND INVESTMENTS    '  i -..-������������������  Call on  TRIMBLE  &  NORRIS  Cor. Broadway and Westminster Road  X***************4*4***4*********************i*******i  *.:~k~k^^-h^k~x~x~h-<":'*** <"i"t"i"i ****v**********���������>*****  In a Pulpwood Forest Products Bulletin shortly to be published by the  Dominion Forestry Branch, statistics  are given of the amount of pulpwood  exported from Canada into the United  States during 1910. Nine hundred and  forty-three thousand cords of pulpwood (sixty per cent of the total Canadian pulp-log cut) worth six million,  two hundred and ten thousand dollars,  were shipped across the border in a  raw state, without undergoing any  form of manufacture. This pulpwood  export was cut from the various provinces in the following amounts and j J  values: 779,000 cords worth $5,090,-  000 from the timber limits of Quebec; j {.  90,000 cords worth $647,000 from New  Brunswick, and 74.000 cords worth  $473,000 from Ontario. It is interest-! ?  ing to note to what extent provincial' .j.  industry would have been increased if j':*  I *  the pulpwood exported to the United > ���������:-  States had been converted into wood- i %  pulp on Canadian soil. The seven *  hundred ami seventy-nine thousand *  cords exported from Quebec would. X  have supplied material for a year to | Y  fifty-six pulp mills of the average size | j*  operating in Quebec. In Ontario five j $  mills of the average size could have \ JC  been kept running with the pulp logs j ->  exported from this province. The:.;.  ninety thousand cords shipped from  the ports of New Brunswick would  have produced the most stratling results if the amount had been domestically manufactured into pulp. The  amount exported was sufficient to supply with wood twenty-four mills of the  average size, with the result that five  times the number of mills operating  would have been at work if Canadians  in New Brunswick had been far-seeing  enough to manufacture their own raw  products.  Eggs and  Chickens ii  **  Hens  That lay Eggs and produce Chickens.  Several varieties.  !  *  i  *  t  *  *  t  *  eggs.*  New arrivals of Fresh ;;  Eggs from Egg-Land \!  daily.  "Good intentions will never justify  evil actions; nor will a good action  ever justify an evil intention; both  must be good, or neither will be acceptable."  All noblest things are religious���������the  best   books,   pictures,   poetry,   statues  For Prices of Fowls and Eggs  Enquire  1710 Grant St. 1637 Victoria Dr. 1  *v*********'l.*&*****~fr*-}rl~i***^ ' Bill is the power to act and to oper-   and  music.���������Wi!;iam  Mounttort.  ���������*������7������������. ���������***<���������* ������***���������*- ������������������ ** ���������* ���������* ���������������  **4-:~K-K-*-H I H M M MM I* *** THE WESTERN CALL.  5  **l****************4"l'***"i~i>  +4>.t���������M'������'M"H'**l'M"M'1"M"l'l'M"Hl  Automatic  Pistols  + For Target Practice, or as an arm for  * defence of home or person, the \utomatic is  | ACCURATE, SURE and SAFE.      We carry a large  * stock of the most reliable makes.  $ TISOOLLS LIMITED  ccessors to Charles E. Tisdall) 61*9-620 Hastings street  ���������.--.-..^t^-j^a. 'S"^������-*  :; Broken Your Glasses  Bring them straight to  our repair shop. We can  replace a broken lens on 24  hours notice and sometimes  in shorter time than that.  Don't forget the pieces; we  need them to make an exact  duplicate from them. You  can depend on all repairs being done accurately and  promptly.  ��������� >  ��������� >  ���������������  Geo. Q. Bigger  Jeweller & Optician  >4i'I"l"l"l"I'-l"l":"H-I"a������������4Ntr4^^4^^^.QH-H-H^-J--H--t--r--t-g'|-li.t'ili.|i.i..|ii| i..f t j  ij 143 Hastings Street, W.  ���������iaartas  ���������raaitic  152  ������   Broadway  ;6������BWAY  Main St.  This Theatre is one of the most up-to-date places of amusement in the city.   The Lantern and Electrical Apparatus  is of the latest approved type, ensuring a clear  and steady picture.  A Complete Change of Programme Every  Monday, Wednesday and Friday  Every film is inspected by the management before  being shown to* the public and only those which  would  pass the strictest censor are selected.  j ���������  Prices of Admission:   Adults 10c  Children 5c  PRO AP WAV, NEAR MAIN STREET  ���������|.pKfi  .JPESSESEB.  Commercial Second Hand store  Cabinet-Making and Furniture  Repairing a Specialty  Store and Office Fixtures  Polishing and  Upholstering  Phone: Seymour 3877C  1928 Commercial Drive  Vancouver, B. C.  How Oman*  Give u������ a Trial.  Thtn judge for  yourself. Tobaccos  Cigars, Cigarette*  Fruits.  . W. L. Carter, Prep.  ��������� ******* **********4****** ������������������������ ***** ********** * 1������I������I *******  Our Opinion on the  Range Question  We know we have your confidence and we have  made ourselves worthy of it by handling the very  best merchandise in our line.  We are familiar with the good qualities of every  stove and range on the market   In our opinion  *������  is the best of them all and the  range in service will back us up  in every good thing we can  say of it   If there was a better range made, we would  advise you to buy it   Will  you not come and see it?���������. We  are sure we can convince you  inside of five minutes that what  we say about the South Bend Malleable is true.  1   ;;  W. R. OWEN  X  2337 Main Street  Phone Fairmont 447  ****************************************************i'  ORIENTAL IMMIGRATION���������CHINESE.  (Continued from Page 1)      ,  sanitary standpoint they are altogether undesirable, as it is e\remely difficultto make them observe  the average sanitary laws, and their houses are usually a breeding place for all manner of dirt  diseases:       ��������� , ,  Like all other Orientals they will' not pioneer, but congregate in the large centres and operate  from there. Most of the unskilled laboring element are slaves, who are owned and controlled by  the wealthy classes. It is hard to believe that slavery exists in Canada, under the full knowledge  of the authorities and in fact.with the deliberate connivance of the authorities, yet such is actually  the ease. ' .        ��������� .       ���������  The wealthy Chinaman sends to China for one, two or a dozen of his fellow countrymen; he  pays their passage and head tax-, and when they arrive in Canada they remain absolutely under the  control of their rich men until they pay back the last cent with interest. This may take five, ten  or twenty years, and until it is all paid the imported slave is sent wherever his "boss man"  sends him. When any operator in British Columbia wants a gang of Chinamen, or even on<\ he  goes to one of these leading Chinese merchants, who supplies his wants, making the bargain entircly  independent of the man who is being hired. His wages all go to his "boss." who controls his  every move, and he is as absolutely a slave as were the negroes of the South prior to 1865.  For many years a very flourishing "white; slave traffic" has been carried on through the ports  of the Pacific, including Vancouver. The Chinese bring in young women who are sworn to by  local merchants as their daughters or wives, whereas they are nothing of the kind, but actually  being imported for immoral purposes. Many of these poor victims ultimately find their way to New  York, Montreal and large eastern centres, where they are sacrificed on the alter of lust. Of  course the authorities do not wittingly acquiesce in this traffic, but are practically helpless. In many  cases they are sure that the Chinaman is lying, but they cannot prove it, and so are forced to admit  the women. It would be interesting to trace the life of some of these poor victims and perhaps  the Government could -.well afford to spend a few thousands in doing so.  During the investigation into the Chinese immigration methods in vogue at Vancouver, held  by Justice Murphy at that port last year, it was clearly demonstrated that, with the connivance of  the officials, gross mal-practices were constantly going on. In his report to the Government of Sir  Wilfred Laurier. Mr. Justice Murphy said: "Ample opportunity has existed at Vancouver for  illegal entry of Chinese into Canada." and, again, "A system of direct fraud to seeiire ilkjgal  entry of Chinese into Canada as merchants and exempts has flourished at Vancouver." It should  be remembered that women are constantly entered as "exempts" as wives of merchants, and this  traffic was prosecuted with the assistance of the officials.  In another place the learned judge recommends "the prosecution of Yip On and Yip Sue. interpreters," but nothing was done and these Chinese criminals were allowed to escape in order to  protect other criminals higher up, whose infamy would have been revealed had these .Chinese  been faced with a penitentiary sentence. All this goes to prove two things, first, the moral depravity of the Chinese and the still-more disgusting guilt of many white men who are willing to prostitute their sense of honor for'gain.  Had it not been for the desperate and persistent objections of the Government and white  people of British Columbia, the Grand Trunk Pacific would have imported thousands of these Orientals to work on the construction of their road. The Chinese are willing and anxious to come, and  the "boss element," or Chinese merchants, are prepared to finance them and to hire them out to  companies and large employers of labor like cattle. This is a violation of our principles of immigration, which seeks only such as are able to come of their own volition and with money in their  pockets. The slightest relaxation in our regulations would result in ,an immediate influx of the  poorest type of Chinese, under this system of slavery. This, we maintain, woud be inimical to the  development of the country, and a serious blow to our standard of citizenship.  It is not a question of assimilating a few choice merchant Chinese (although this is impossible),  but it is a question of admitting hordes of the lowest class of Oriental coolies. In spite of the most  strenuous efforts and constant opposition of the Government of British Columbia, backed up by the  strongest possible public sentiment, we have been unable to keep out this class of immigration, and  in all fairness we ask, what would be the result if the regulations were to be relaxed? We protest  most strongly that the effect would be appalling, and rather than entertain for a moment any  suggestion to relax, Ave should face the problem squarely and decide the point of, do we favor  Oriental immigration?   If not, then make such regulations as will exclude them effectually.  Be  :'i    "���������*.���������  m  BRITANNIA AND UNISTATIA.  (Continued from page 1)  pna, Libya, Gomer and all his bands: the house  of Togarmah of the north quarters and all his  bands, and many people with them." Here are  the words of portent: "And they shall come  against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover  the land. It shall be in the latter days, and I  WILL BRING THEE (Gog. etc.) AGAINST MY  LAND THAT THE HEATHEN MAY KNOW ME,  when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before  their eyes."  "Behold, I am against thee, 0 Gog, the chief  prince of Meshech and Tubal. And I will turn  thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee,  and will cause thee to come up from the north  parts, and I WILL BRING THEE UPON THE  MOUNTAINS OF ISRAEL."  "And I will smite the bow put of thy left hand,  and will cause thy arrows to fall out of thy right  hand."  "Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel,  THOU, and ALL THY BANDS, and the people  with thee."  "So the HOUSE OF ISRAEL SHALL KNOW  that I AH THE LORD THEIR GOD from that day  and forward."  This, then, is what is in sight for Russia and  all her confederated lands, bands and nations.  Morgan Shuster tried to prevent Persia from  coming under the power of Russia. He is but  puny man, and ignorantly tried to prevent the  plans of Jehovah from maturing. And so Morgan  Shuster had to get out. He may as well stop his  whining and grumbling at Russia and Britain.  The Great Chief of all nations is busy bringing  to pass His long-projected plans. He will not stop  until all His will is executed among men and  nations.  E. ODLUM.  BOARD OF HEALTH SHOULD CONTROL  SCAVENGER DEPARTMENT.  For some years past the scavenger department  has been under the control of the city engineer.  We have always contended that such a course is  unwise. The scavenger department is unquestionably in the interests of the sanitary conditions of  the city, and we contend should be under the  direct control of the medical health officer.  The public look to the medical health officer to  keep the city in a healthy condition, and when the  streets or lanes are in a dirty condition the health  department is blamed, although they have no  power or machinery to remedy the condition which  they know to be bad.  For years tiie health department have made  inspections of lanes and streets and reported to  the council, recommending action; it is referred  to the engineer for action. The engineer is usually  so busy with larger matters to deal with it, in any  case it comes from another department and he does  not take much notice, and as he does not receive  the weight of public criticism he does little or  nothing. 'In this way much that is a nuisance is  allowed to remain, to the detriment of the city's  sanitation.  Surely if the health department is to be responsible for the cleanliness of the city, they should  control the machinery to discharge the responsibility.  We want a clean city and a sanitary city, so  should provide the means to secure it.  RUNNING COMMENTS ON CURRENT TOPICS.  (Continued from page 1)  god, an ex-member of the late Government. Now,  Bruce, mind your eye. Dodge not. Get down on  your marrowbones. Ask some Shylock or Shakespeare to get a journalistic rope for your neck.  Listen to what the Honorable Rodolphe Lemieux,  ex-postmaster general, says. Being a Liberal god,  an exact and truthful man. who says what he  knows, he speaks words which will strike you  forcefully and carry conviction. Rodolphe Le-  hiieux, ex-Postmaster General, says: '' The Right  Honorable R. L. Borden came into power through  the Ne Temere, and through the Ne Temere he  will probably meet his political doom." What d*>  you think of that, Bruce ? He said it, and you said  in your last issue these words: "But it is only  now that I. learn with amazement, horror and  degradation���������" Now, Bruce, I only told you what  Mr. Lemieux, one of the men you have revered  and worshiped for years, has already told you.  Hence, will you kindly explain how my revelation  strikes you with a sense of amazement, horror and  degradation, and how an equal and similar revelation made to you by Mr. Lemieuv strikes you with  a continued cause of reverence ? You still worship  him and scold me. Arid you do worse yet. Yon  put my name and that of Mr. Samuel Gothard,  ex-Fireman, on the same page. Shame on yon,  Bruce! I shall let you go for the present. Should  I return to your ease. I shall face you with your  other god and give striking proof.  E. ODLUM.  THB TWBNTY-THHtD PSALM.  The Lord is my Shepherd, I shall not want for  rest, for lie maketh me to lie down in green  pastures.  I shall not want for refreshment, for He leadeth  me beside still waters;  I shall not want for forgiveness, for He re-  storeth my soul;  I shall not want for guidance, for He leadeth  me in the paths of righteousness for His name's  sake;  I shall not want for companionship, yet. though  I walk through the valley ������ff the shadow of death,  Thou are with me;  I shall not want for comfort, for Thy rod and  staff they comfort me;  I shall not want for sustenance, for Thou prc-  parest a table before me in the presence of mine  enemies;  I shall not want for joy, for Thou anointeth  my head with oil and my cup runneth over;  I shall not want for anything in this life, for  surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all  the days of my life;  I shall not want for anything in the life to come,  for I shall dwell in the house of the Lord for ever.  ���������Arranged by J. R. Mott.  $UB$ OVERDUE.  How dear to my heart  1$ the ca$h for $ub$cription,  When the generou$ $ub$eriber  Pre$ent$ it to view.  But the one who can't pay  I refrain from description,  Beeau$e, gentle reader  That one mav be vou!  WE HAVE 6 HOUSES LISTED BE-  low that we can deliver subject to  the first deposit. Look them over,  then see us.  No. 1  HOUSE NO. 315.���������17TH AVENUE  West, 6 rooms, furnace, fireplace,  panelled bali^and dining room, bath  and toilet separate, open balcony at  back on second floor, full lot. 33x137  to lane. Our price to sell quick ia  only $5250 and terms of $600 easb  and the balance $100 every 3 mos.  and interest at 7%.  No. 2  HOUSE NO. 279.���������18TH AVE. WE8T,  33x137 ft. lot, 7 rooms and all modern  conveniences; furnace.. We can deliver this home for $5500, only $600  cash and  the balance at $60 .per  ��������� month including interest. See ihla  home without delay.  No. 3  120 22NQ AVE..W.. NEAR QUEBEC  St., 5 rooms, bungalow style, furnace,  laundry tubs, bath and toilet sep.,  bevelled plate and colored glass  doors, electric fixtures, all complete,  our price only $4200, only $60$ cash  and the balance $35.00 per mo. and  interest.  No. 4  HOUSE ON CORNER 18TH AND  John St., 6 rooms, furnace, fireplace,  panelled ball and dining room, electric light fixtures, good high lot and  corner; sold for $4800; you can havat  it now tor $4500, $500 c4sh and the  balance $45 per mo.. Including interest.  No. 5  HOUSE NEXT TO THE ABOVE 8IM-  ilar to above in every way. Price  only $4200, $400 caBh, balance $40 per  month, including interest.  No. 6  HOUSE ON 50 FT. LOT ON 17TH  Ave. near Martha St., 6 rooms, modern, only 1 block to cars, and a good  buy at $4500, easy terms.  & CO.  2343 Main Street  Phone:   Fairmont    497


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