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The Western Call Mar 10, 1911

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Array ARE YOU ON OUR L������ST?  NO! WHY ?  Published in the Interests of Greater Vancouver.  VOLUME II  H. H. Stevens, Editor.  ������T>   ^  ! 'some facts  1 worth knowing  VANCOUVER..British Columbia,   MCH.. 10,   1911.  *?  ���������������  (  SUBSCRIPTION $1 A YEAR  --     IN ADVANCE"-.,-'  No. 44  ANNEXATION AND THE B. C. ELECTRIC.  Mayor Taylor has repeatedly made certain statements regarding  the effect that the defeat of.the'annexation movement would have  upon a readjustment of our agreement with the B. C. Electric Ry.  Co. Many of these statements are misleading, in that they give to the  public the impression that negotiations with the Company had been  completed up to the point of annexation, and also that D. L. 301 and  Hastings Townsite "have been saddled with a perpetual franchise  by the Provincial Government." '      '  This journal will., not retract a single statement made on the  Government's action in refusing enabling legislation to' South. -Vancouver. There has no doubt been <a' serious mistake made by the ,  Victoria authoritiesY It is not however an error which would warrant  a wholesale denunciation .of the Government's policy, nor do we think  that it is sufficient reason to demand the resignation of local members.  The following is taken from tne editorial columns of The World,  March 6th. :v . ,  "The Mayor pointed out that the annexation of South Vancouver  was not the only question td'.be considered: District Lot 301 and  Hastings Townsite had,been' saddled, with a- perpetual franchise  granted to the B.'������: Electric,Company. This franchise had been  granted'by the Provincial Executive. By agreement between the B.  C. E. R. Company and -the,City f"had annexation gone through the  franchise of District Lot 301 and Hastings Townsite would have been  consolidated to twenty-three Yyears, 'and in return for this concession, the civic authorities would have lengthened the term of the  company's,franchise in the city to,fourteen years. From the point  of view of the municipalities, he said,.this was the chance of their  lives. His Worship pointed out that it was because of the perpetual  franchise which the Government^ without consideration, had given  to the company in- the outlying districts, that the City was required  to extend the term of its franchise in case of annexation."  First we would state that the B. 6. Electric have not a perpetual  franchise. Mayor Taylor knows\this, but has repeatedly made the  foregoing statement.- The facts are as follows:;When the B.- C.  Electric applied for a franchise in 301 and Hastings; the manager, Mr.  Glover, promised the, ratepayers that if they woulfj;nbt object* to his  application he would, only ask. for'a termuwhiclj would expiry coif*-;  currently with the City Franchise in itflSf. Whenthe Company made  the application at, Victor}* to Hon. Mr., Fulton, the then Commissioner of Lands jfcnd Wprtt������ they deliberately left out any mention  of the term. The AttbrneViQeneral wasnot there at the time and  did not see the agreement arfal^M^HFulton neglected or oyer-  I!* looked this very important point and the franchise was granted'with  ' no limit stated. The Company no doubt thought they had performed  a smart trick, but in this'case theyover:shot the mark, in,'that,it left  the- way open^lor^ertJov.ernntent, itrf.ijwerfla 'clause limiting 7the'  time, which was subsequently done at the request of a delegation of  the Districts affected and<the,Cityi / *Y   '���������:>'<" '    ^    ��������� *;  ��������� -������ ,'  Yin January or early in February, 1910,.' Mayor Taylor," Aid.  Stevens, Solicitor Macponald for the City, Messrs. Brown and Ash  K for D. L. 301, and Messrs. Woodsides, Kirkpatrick and others for  Y Hastings Townsite waited upon the Executive and asked that-the B.  ' C. Electric franchise be limited. Premier McBride, Attorney General  .Bowser and other members expressed surprise at the fact that it was  not in the agreement or franchise and explained that it was a pure  oversight by the Commissioner of Lands, and they forthwith ordered  that a limit-of twenty-one years be inserted.   The company was  ^represented by Mr. Bodwell, who put up a strong fight claiming that  such a change could not'\be made, but the Premier stated that "if  R necessary they would bring down a special bill to limit the term." t  Now His Worship knows this perfectly well, he'also knows that  ���������the Company are seeking to set aside the action of the Government  .and have refused to acknowledge the order of the Government.   It  'is also clear that it would materially assist the Company to create  the impression that they had a perpetual franchise in these districts  ���������in order to get from the_0itya better readjustment._But theJB. C.  [���������Electric are barking up the wrong tree. They made a mistake when  ^they left that clause.out of the original agreement, thus leaving the  rayopen for the Government to correct it and if they do not bow  ho the order of the Dept., then, as stated, the Government will bring  fin a "public act."  Thus it will be seen that this franchise is now limited to twenty-  me years and not perpetual, jmd therefore does not affect the  ie gotiations between the City and the Company one iota only, in  that it would be extended a year or so according to the terms of the  lew agreement suggested to the City by the Company but .which are  hot yet accepted.  The next point referred to in the above mentioned editorial is  f'The civil authorities would have lengthened the term of the Com-  Ipany's franchise in the city^to fourteen years."   This is a gross  terror, if intentional it is unpardonable, as it leads the public to  pieli  i-e that all the Company asked was au extention "to" fourteen  meat's, instead of an extention ," of "fourteen years, which is an  Altogether different thing,-as there are yet nine years to run in the  present city franchise. We are inclined to think that this is a direct  jdip on\the part of the writer of the editorial, in any case it should  )e corrected as it is very misleading.  ,.  The article further states that the reason the city was compelled  to extend the fraTichis."-" ������-'as because the "^Government had given to  fhe Company in the outlying districts a perpetual franchise." This  not so.   We have already shown that the Government did in P  Response to the request of the Mayor and others of the delegation,  fcmit the franchise of D. L. 301 and Hastings to twenty-one years, and  tat is all they had anything to do with, the municipalities "of Point  trey and South Vancouver gave the Company forty year franchises,  [ndthat was the reason we, as a city, opened negotiations with the  Company. During the conferences tlie question of 301 and Hastings  jad figured very little, only in a general way.  As far as Annexation relates to the agreement with the B.C.  lectric it had very little to do with the actual negotiations.  It is  me that it was with the hope of getting annexation that the eon-  &renees were held. The exact condition of the readjustment of, the  ^reement with the Company is at present almost-at a dead-lock.'  It  ,'true that if the. Mayor had had his way the agreement would have  [Un closed Up by now and practically on the Company's terms, plus  lime minor concessions, but the committee have asked for three  tauses which are at present urider advisement by the Company.  |wo clauses were submitted by Aid. Stevens.   1. "That all matters  dispute between the City and the Company; and all exigencies  lien may arise and not contained iri the agreement should be'sub-  litted to' arbitration,"  and    2. "That  the  percentages of' gross  Irnings which shall aceure to the city shall be: on the first $1,000,-  M)"00 6% from $1,000,000.00 to $1,500,000.00. 8%.' up to $2,000.-  )0.00' 10%. up to $3,000,000.00, 12%, over $3,000,000.00. 15%."  ie other clause was suggested-by Aid. Ramsay and was "that the  impany should not accept bounses from ratepayers to induce.con-  lction."   It will readily be seen that these clauses are absolutely  EVENTS FROM 1791 - mi  . IN SO FAR ASTrtEY BEAR ON  THE QUESTION OF SPECIAL PRIVILEGES.  (Continued  fromVlast, week)  - no other way is the price of aid so pernicious to the welfare of the people. It  is a simple statement of acknowledged facts that in all such negotiations, whenever a Governor, a leader of a party, of art ordinary politician, approached a  representative of the Qntfch of Rome, the. ecclesiastic has always exacted a,  benefit ior his church. The men of the world who came asking for the  Church's, favor had only ai .temporary purpose fo serve', and cared not for the  future so long as their'personal ends were met ��������� The advantages they craved  and obtained perished With' them. Not so .with the black robes with whom they  had dealings. 'The favors they got in rerun 'for those they bestowed were not  , for themselves, bull, for their Church; and were permanent. The ruler or the  politician had a momentary or,selfish purpose to servef the ecclesiastic looked  solely to the aggrandizement of the vast j^tem in whose hand he was a staff:  The early history of Canada exemplified jhit" as that of no other country,  and does so because it is a solitary insiaMeor'a large Catholic population  being ruled for fourscore years bya.ha^dlul of Protestants, and when'the  non-Catholics did come to outnumr>r .the" ���������������thdiics, the latter, from their coherence, continued to hold the balance' of power./ The records tell one story  ���������of the extremity of the State.being made the opportunity of the Church,  of how that Church- has\ grown in poW' aidprqrogiitivf. through ithe subserviency of .politicians vAo made alh*iices_ with her to promote their individual interests or those of their party."   b> the days of Murray and Carleton  . the Church of. Rome was dependeato* dje Will bfuie dvtf augvtrateY today  she dictates her desire* to Cabinets a^ Ijefislitures.:    ?! ,      /-  $���������:���������  The breaking out of the War of HJ12 tame opportunely for the priesthood. The new danger, caused the Executive to seek their .assistance, and  the plan devised by Craig, to bring the prierti under the direct control of the  Governor, was abandoned. The yearly aJWancey from the Imperial treasury of $1,000 to Bishop Pleuis was raised to $5/000; and what he valued  more than the additional; money, was uSe fa<* thai in .1813. the warrant for  ��������� his salary was no longer: made out in ������a*wr. o&'.'the iuperu-tendent of the.  Romish Church," for tht exigence of a btthop had not hitherto been officially  recognized; but was made ia favor of "th* RoJnak Catholic Bishop of QUE-  THE LODGING  HOUSE CURSE  THE QUESTION OF HEALTH���������THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE  CITIZEN���������THE DUTY OF THE AUTHORITIES.  BEC" thus giving hianlfpr. the first time -slice the  such.   Reduced to choosing between me risWof  that of Britain', the priesthood had no hefi  that there was really no necessity of off*  low put the bent of their' inclinations. f  priests that Canada did,not join, in the;  ������    -efJ"    P.      ���������   .      *\ ^jr       r wm *    \  -fr  iquest, a legal status as  'American Republic and  iciding for the latter, so  cial inducements to fol-  , .that it,was due to,the  Revokitioo, that the mad-  ness. of-the uprising againrt the monarchy in old France did not apread to  Quebec, mat they ���������prevented an mvasion dimng Napoleon's retgn, tt������at they  held back the habitants frow assisting the Americans during the War of 1812,  ,vital. ^Tithput ihe^use re' ^i^atioiaYwe woufoi be simply placing  ourselvci -in th%1ran^ <rfV-<*^r������ifj#for a #������w^ t#8������ty-fhfe������  year*. rihe clause ou percentages is also essential to-the agreement,  as it would be absurd to extend the tranctiise without adequate returns. t-W'e- readily admit tbat His worship has^never viewed these  clauses as necessary and has repeatedly, urged that the agreement  be consumated without them, but we do',assert that the Committee  take a different view and are insisting on the inclusion of these  clauses in spite of the efforts of Mr. Glover and of the requests of the  Mayor. ,  Then the question of the length of the franchise has not yet  been settled. 'Ihe Mayor and the Company suggested twenty-live  years^at first and the committee would not consider it at all. The  Company then came down to twenty-three years and the Mayor again  urged acceptance but "the question was left in abeyance until the  committee could ascertain what concessions the Company were  willing to give. Mr. Glover stated at < the-last meeting mat he did  not think that his company would grant the last mentioned clauses at  all, hence we repeat that these negotiations are at a dead-lock.  It is altogether unfortunate that this question of the B. C  Electric should have been brought into the discussion on annexation  in this-way.   On the-annexation question the people-have undoubt^  edly the best of the argument, but to accept such manifestly unfair and in many cases inaccurate contentions as are contained in the  .-afore mentioned editorial and as have been uttered from the public  .platform, it is time to call a halt.   Mayor Taylor has* received most  llattering support in the discussion on annexation, it has been the  ��������� spontaneous outburst from honest western hearts which desire to  express their wish in the strongest possible terms and we have  cheerfully concurred in support of the movement.   We object however to being wittingly a party to unfair misstatements ot the case  or to participate in a scramble for office by taking advantage of the  temporary unpopularity of a political party.  SIR WILFRED ON RECIPROCITY  We are told that the House at Ottawa was packed on the occas-  sion of Sir Wilfred's speech on the "Reciprocity Agreement;" He  is reported as saying that "the Reciprocity proposals had met with  the approval of the majority of Canadians." This is a pretty broad  statement and, with all possible allowance for Sir Wilfred's remarkable ability, we submit that he has no sound basis for such n statement. It may be true, but we would ivery much like to see it proven  by an .appeal to the people, which is the only fair wav to test the  public sentiment on any great question. We'also maintain that no  such change Lo the general policy of the government of the day  should be contemplated without such an appeal.  ^ He then goes on to say that he "is surprised that there should  be any opposition, to it." ��������� This is another sublime statement arid ������������������ is  worthy of the most careful analysis by competent political.economists, for we confess that we are unable to find in thi.s any adequate  explanation as to how Canada will benefit bv shipping the wheat of  the Northwest to Minneapolis, St. Paul, Duluth, Chicago, etc. Nor  does it explain why pulp-wood should be shipped to the States and  paper returned free. But of course we should remember that even  Sir Wilfred's most ardent supporters never charge him with knowing anything about figures, so we must pass it up.  He next; takes refuge behind the ghof-7 0f Sir John A. Mae-  Donald, claiming that he had favored reciprocity." So he did back  in 1854. But not after the introduction of the great "National  Policy." Then it should be remembered that what was a good move  for Canada prior to the N. P. time, is not necessarily good now. At  that time. Canada was practically composed of Ontario and Quebec  farms. She was surfeited'with farm produce and no'home, market  to consume it. -We( had no Northwest with its millions of bushels of  grain. "We had no great manufacturing centers, no-great cities, fe^  great railroad systems, but thanks to Sir John A's N. P. we have  them now. Sir Wilfred and.his party recognized this and have continued this policy pp to the present, but now in response to the a-7  tation of American farmers in the N���������+hwest. he is willing to let  down the bars to American commercial filibusters. ���������'  Sir Wilfred continues:  Continued on page A)  " Since the annexation question has become so prominent a feature  in local civic polities many references have been, made to-'the sanitary  conditions which obtain.in our city. ���������, *'        v?  -The most important factor in this regard is undoubtedly that^  "sewers."' ��������� Vancouver City is not *yell sewered.   We hav6 spirit  large sums and have not received as much relief as we'could reasonably expect. .The pressing demands .for sewers in' many, districts  must be'met by the authorities.   No small/'penny-wise and pound^  foolish" policy will ever do this, but a broad and com^rehinwve'  scheme; incorporating within its bounds the needs of the whole -  peninsula, must be devised without delay and at the same time1 immediate relief must be" given to many districts which!*'are now in a '  critical state.   To. accomplish this will require the beat efforts'of the  authorities.   '       '   , < -��������� - * f~  .  ,  Not only will the sewerage question make serious demands'on the  attention of the, council, but also the unsanitary condition of our  streets and lanes, here'again, it is the duty of tne authorities to act,  and*efforts are now being made to'increase* the efficiency of the '  scayengering department: 7     -'" ���������" *-'"-'   <"��������� '7.   ���������,  -Another grave duty, >:(and one which has been somewnat --  neglected in the past) of the health authorities is that relating to a< ���������  proper bupervision of-lodging houses, etc. - This is; undoubtedly a    ,  most difficult thing to do, owing to many legal safeguards which surrounds the private citizen according to the common law and which  ia often taken advantage of by-avaricious lahdloards in order to  ���������well their revenue. 7  .^ , In,regard to the.latter, we know of many cases which would  startle our readers were they fully acquainted with the horrible  conditions which obtain in certain rooming or lodging houses owned  by wealthy citizens who are prominent hi social and religious  circles. ��������� 1   .    ���������  On a recent tour of investigation'along, this line we ran across  several places totally unfit for decent habitation. On the lane  between Cordova and Hasting? streets and Carral and Abbot streets' '  is a rooming house known* as the "Chicago Rooming House," it-is  ran by a Mr. Bond. One room is par$^>f au old ware-house 34x22  feet, dull, dirty and damp, with.no less than twenty-six beds in it.  This room is only 10 feet high and at the foot of the stairs leading  to it, which by the way are constantly open, ig jhe toilet and sink  with one dirty rag of a towel for the tW������P.ty-six lodgers. The plaster  is rotting off the wails and patches of filthy paper hangs loose on all  sides.''To 1 occupy abed in these fearful surroundings men pay 20  cents per night. -   ������������������/'-.��������� \..    .  Another place is the Calgary Rooming House on Water street.  ���������kjMst yent the Health - authorities condemned this place, but for  some i������lnmw������-*ewdn.aie^6uiH?tl7decided't07.������Bowi^to'remaini on  condition^ tbat certain rotten and delapitated put-houses were-idet"  molished. These same out-houses, which last year was ihe home of',  rats and vermin are this year the domicile of those unfortunate mm --  who are unable to pay for decent quarters. In one of these shacks,  lying below tbe level of the damp and dirty yard into which ��������� it  opens, are housed seven men.   The beds are crowded in in such a.  manner as to.render it impossible for more than tiyo or1 three to/  disrobe at one time.   Beds are also placed in every conceivable-. ���������  corner, even in dark and illventilated passageways.   Many of the', -  rooms are mere boxstalls with their only ventilation a hole into the:  hallway.  The Gold House is another of these places. At the rear of this  place and immediately beneath where > men sleep, is an old shed  heaping with putrifying rubbish, the accumulation of years, the  stench of which is sickening. In one room, 10x20, nine men sleep  at 35 cents per head. In another room, 8x12, four men sleep, this  room is damp with mouldy walls. - It adjoins a urinal, the stench  of which is sickening.  The Health Authorities have demanded_the_destri etion of Uiis  place,but theowners", Messrs. Thomson Bfos~~are intending tn bnild  there and have asked.for a years grace, it is altogether likely IiOav-  ever that this place will be-condemned along with a large list of  others which will come before the council at its next meeting. There  are many others, but these are sufficient for this week to illustrate our  point. We propose exposing these abuses of the right of "personal  liberty" from time to time. If men will insist upon making revenue  from such sources they must bear the responsibility and also public  scrutiny. These disease breeding blots in our city must-go, it is *  up to the citizens to support the authorities in eradicating them. For.  our part men, wealthy or otherwise, who take advantage of the  penury of their fellows in order to make revenue out of such disgusting places as these will receive neither consideration or sympathy  from this journal, but a cold statement of facts.  The responsibility of the citizen is an important factor in keeping  our city clean and healthy, it is direct and indirect. Direct, in-so-far  as it affects our persons and our homes, keej ooth clean. Indirect,  as it related to supplying lodging for gain. No man has a right to  demand remuneration for supplying, a fellow citizen with an unsanitary and unhealthv domicile.  v;  ' 1  WHAT SHOULD BE DONE  ��������� Now that "indignation meetings" are over it is well lo study  the situation,'re-annexation, dispassionately and with a desire to  get to the core of the matter. r  In the first place, what are the most urgent needs of the community?   Sewers,, water and roads.   These can best be obtained by,  'the ,process of annexation, therefore our object should be to overcome the:-' diffieultiesiiin the way.   ��������� Y  To annex South Vancouver it will be necessary to secure a  favorable poll of the registered owners of over fifty per cent of the  assessed value of the property. This is a tremendous task, but with.  proper organization can be done. If one-half of the effort which  has been expanded in "indignation" is now directed towards obtaining this poll it can most certainly be done. If a modicum of the  enthusiasm exhibited during the past week or two is brought to  bear on.-ih'.$ effort we may expect to see'Greater Vancouver an'accomplished fact in thenear future/ It is necessary then to organize  this energvso that it 'may be judiciously expended in order to produce the desired result.  This, should be taken up at once and an immediate start made  on the voter's lists, in the mean time the required legal formalities  could be attended to, and in three months, at the latest, the work  of/annexation should be an 'accomplished ''fact.  Failing annexation the various districts comprising the peninsula should appoint a'sewerage commission whose duty should be to  lay out a sewerage scheme for the whole community. * The districts  referred to sh.Yild include Burnaby, South Vancouver. Point Grey  and the City. It woiuY he wise to secure also the assistance or co-operation of the Provincial Health authorities and also a coinpetant  (Continued on page 4)        ��������� t^U!������W  THE WESTERN CALL  ������OS������^  sjcs!!?S!ao3aiEr^r!i;.i!rar7^rw>.,-������3������  A&.  SPECIAL-Hand Roll  Chocolates  THE FAMOUS HAIDA BRAND made  fresh every day. The Equal of any  brand made.  Regular 75c lb.   TO-DAY 50c a pound  ���������>.XS~X^<"X**J*,I"!*%*'X**>*X~M~I,"X~<*'> ! ������iB   upon   the  pest,   and   until   we( have  a I sucn information it 1? uriposslble to  ���������> I prophesy what the results' of the.'outbreak'will   be-and whether  considerable'  ���������  Robin Hood Flour. -.*1-80  Seal of Alberta 1<75  Five Roses   1,7B  Royal Household  1������78  Our Best  1-60  CEREALS.  Buffalo Rolled Oats, per sack..    .26  B. ft K. Rolled Oata, per sack..    .35  Rolled Oats, 6 lbs    .25  Wheat Flakes, 6 lbB 25  ������ lbs. Rice 25  6 lbs. White Beans - ���������.    -25  3 lbs. Lima Beans    -25  3 lbs. Pearl Barley     ^5,  4 lbs. Split Peas 25  4 lbs. Green Peas 25  FRUITS.  Choice Apples, 3 lbs. for 25  Cooking Apples, 61bs. for......    .25  Oranges���������  Navels, per doz 26  Navals, Large, per doz..,,    .30  We carry a full line of fresh vege-  ' >    tables.  2 Cans Corn     ���������**  2 Cans Peas     ������2*  2 Cans Wax Beans    -25  Tomatoes, Large Tins 15  Pork ft Beans, 8 tor    .25  Salmon, Flats, 6 for 26  Salmon, Large. 3 for '..   .26  FRUIT8 IN flNS.  Peaches    pears   Plums and   Strawberries, per tin      .15  Apricots, Large Tin     .25  KeOler's Marimiiade, 4-lb. tins   .50  We carry 6. D. Simtb's Jams, tbey  are the best.  Special for this Week  Only  Pure Cane Sugar, 20-lb. sack..$1.05  PRIED FRUIT8.  Peaches, Fancy, 2 lbs     .25  Pears, Fancy, 2 lbs..... 25  _ Prunes,L Large, 2_lbB. 28  Apricots, 2 lbs  Y 36  TEAS.  Blue Ribbon Tea, %-lb  -20  Blue Ribbon Tea 1-lb  ������������0  Tetley's Ceylon Tea  ������40  DRUG STORE  lo������s \wll be caused or not before the pe-t  , is controlled by these natural agencies  'I lia\e conferred with 11. G   C. Piche  (���������the .Chief-Forestry'Engineer of the Province of Quebec;'and  with  the  Hon;  W  ! C.  Edwards and others who  have interests  in  the. forests at -present, attacked  ! It has been  decided  that  the  area over  which the outbreak extendi at the pre..-.  j ont time shall be delimited and Mr. Fiche  j lias arranged f osruch a survey which I  | believe  is  now  in .the  field.'   When'this  .survey is  complete  Mr.  Piche and  I  in-  ! tend  to \ is.it the woi't infected  re-jri'n ,  and   it   is   proposed   to  elucidate  certain  | points   with ���������:: regard   to   the   life-hi-torv  i and  habits  of  the  insect,  and ; the  vi =it  will enable us to determine, so far n;-  i  I possible, to what extent  the tree������ have  been   injured   by   the   previous   depredations.     It  will   be  possible,   a.s=c   .,  cover   whether   the' tree's;   weakened   in  vitality b.v the defoliation  by the caterpillars, arc being attacked a������ i' often *.h<>  case,   b\      >    if>s   of  bark-bettle?   which  complete c.'-truction   of   the   liv:n?  tree.  I     'The .Ai��������� = \H;iation   may be assured that  we   aie  giving  this  serious   matter  our I y  i mo--t careiul attention, and \v 1101 p.i    i- I*  next   year,   when   the  parasitic   work . i; I  continued,  that those concerned wil1  a--I  i-t up in obtaining supplies of material |  '<~:~k.������x-x������;'.:..x������:..:~:-:~X":~k~i->* ������������������X"X^'X-*.:������X"X.:'^X"X-x-x^*  ���������siaaojo 3u["3i?9 \ [[e K<\ pjog                  ���������p/>*-uB;ren3 A^eu^ *  KAwaa HsnoNa cno                        ' ::  said xaod Nonsw ^yaoh ::  aovsnvs cuvwoj ivaoh           ) ::  aovsnvs aoa'H wvo ivaoh %  jo sia^Bjiji                                - ���������  .(vMpvojg f-������9 '0^ 3J Sj|I  ���������:���������������!������<  ������������������*X*.!*,J,^..!*,'X..J"X,������X**J*.X',4,^-MX,^������  Mtbm>������'WM  >^j.^.t������^><Si.;.i^.;.<Si.^,.>������j>^^;.������j,i^;������5j.^.;.^.^^^.<^.j.1^  I  Paper Hanger, Painter  and Decorator  t  Phone 2236  to enable  us  to  ma1-0 '"ir investigation  ;ca������n������������^^^^ in all kinds of Interior and  Decor-J  (LePatourel & McRae)  Cor. 7th Av .& Main St.  *m\?**>*&***-**'&mm**W  MADMAN AT THE BANK [last  ten   years   is  largely   due  to  a  LONDON���������Some excitement was ' general relaxation in public sentiment  given to tbe every day round of busi-J with, regard to it, says one of tfie  ness at the Bank of England tbe other experts who has had to do with the  day when a lunatic appeared and de- production of the report. He further  manded money. The man went to the states that a section of the Press and  office of the cashier and presented a certain forms of fiction are largely to  letter which declared that there was blame. Criminals are being taught > to  a considerable sum of money due to regard themselves as "victims of  him. The letter contained a threat society." In fact, it is not extreme  that if the money was not paid a few wealth which suffers' so much from  people would be ''killed. The bank crime as the less well-to-do. A hope-  official saw at, once the sort of a man  ful view,  however,  is  taken   of  the  he bad to deal with, and telling bim  that the detective on duty was a bank  official asked him to accompany the  officer, and told him all his demands  would be satisfied if he did so. When  they reached the Threadneedle street  entrance two other' detectives joined  them. At the corner of Dowgate-hill  he suddenly drew a revolver and was  Prevention of CrimeB Act 1908.  The Proof  "You're very contradictory, my son.  "No, I'm. not, pa."���������Lippincott's.  rxa srmuos bvowoml  Aa Account of th* Work Bclnff Canted  On.  . , .On applying to Dr. C. Gordon Hewitt,  about to level it at one of the officers .Dominion entomologist, as to the work  '*.������-.������*   4-L..M'  Va/IamI   T\Anoi>tmanr ���������'#*���������*>A iri"l/>lll.  when the three threw themselves on  him and overpowered him after a  struggle.  that the Federal Department of Agriculture were doing in regard to the Spruce  Bud worm (Tortrix fumiferana), he made  the. following statement. - ���������  'The Rtt������ntion of the T>enartmert wa  first called to; serious attacks of thit insect in the upper Gatineau reeion of  Quebec bv the Hon. W. C. Edward*.' Mr.  Arthur Gibson, Chief Assistant Entomologist of the Division of Entomology,  wa������ immediately sent to investigate the  .outbreak in July.    1909,    and    he    hai  CALGARV8 GROWTH  The City Assessor reports that the  I present population of this city is 48,-'afre"ad^co"mmunicated"an account of his  1000, and estimates that by next sum-1 ������**������&���������tg��������� "*?,$��������� <*nadlan Fowtry  mer this will have increased to 53,000.'    'In October. 1909,' a few weeks after  ���������������.    w     u    .    ..l    n      j    . m    j     taking charge of the work of th������ tm-i.i  The President of the Board ot Trade Pion of ^Entomology. I visited British  nrnillnta Oxnt  within  a  f������w  vonra thp   Columbia and Investigated the attack   of  preaicts mac wumn a iew years tne the  |nBeot- on Vancouver T������i������na     t������>p  irrigated lands round Calgary will con-  serious character of the attack of the  . . ��������� xi ��������� o������������������������������        j r. .    Spruce   Budworm   on   the   balsam   and  tain a population of 200,000, and < Cal-  spruce In Eastern Canada and the Doug-  gary itself 100,000, which means that ^%tJKtX*#  ���������itx^ it7%VS^  DOES THE    ,  SMALL PRINT  Trouble ������ou when you are Reading, then it's time to see about  your   eyes.  OUR SIGHT-TESTING METHODS ARE THOROUGHLY  UP-TO-DATE  and the' Lenses  we give  < are Ground to Suit tlie  Spherical Defects of  ' tse eye  Oiir Style, of  Mountings Consists  of the Very, Latest on  The Market.  GEO. 0. BIGGER  OPTICIAN  ative Work, Churches, Schools, etc.  12022 Westminster Ave.  Moderate charges  Estimates given  t  Sooth Vancouver Bakery           MAIN STREET  Cakes, Pastry Bread, Confectionery  Wedding & Birthday Cakes a* Specialty  Sooth Taocomr Bekery, GEIRGE HERRIM, Pwp  ���������  I  . ...������  I n'l'l  .  manufacturers locating here will have  datlona and controlling aeencle^ impera-    I ������\    %\ftSktlMl^  Si\      XL  ..   ,        '���������.,','        r ..       tt     x. tlve, and accordingly such a studyvWa^J  I .nT.w ^IIUkll|l|Ud Vj|*������    wf  their  oiw  local   markets.    He  bases  commenced.-   During the pre-ent surfime-1 -T -    \   ; "    ������*?T<? r  ������    "  his aanarHnn.  nn   tho-fnllnnrlnir ntntla. ! M9J6)   the'line of in\e"������BatJon  that  V |  nis assertions on tne following statts-. have been fonOW|n|? ha8 been to antics as a concrete example ot the dis- rr" pr tbe -pee'e^ of parasite* attackinsr  . , ., .       ������������������������_    ������ . ,     the pest.    In the case of an outbreak o*  tricts progress:���������In     1900    Calgary's   this nature, when the inject ha������������ ealne-l  nnnnlntinn wan ������Wftn with nn nanmaail ' R������"eat h"aflw������v before Jt������ dl~covery, and  popuiauou was sjwu, wun an assessed  where it ,s jmpracticabie to a������iopt an-  value of $2,133,000;  in 1305 the popu-' mean*   of. control,   the   mo*t  important  lation was 12,500, and had an assessed  value of $5,434,000. while today the  34 io  Wcslmln; er Rd  VT. FIFMNT  VAKCOUYER m  RUBBER rtXE WORK A SPECIALTY  STEELE C& MUIR  ^CARRIAGE WORK; UEN^RAU m-ACKSMITHINQ  HORSB ShOPINO,   JOKING  1 population is placed at 48,000, and has  an assessed value of $40,000,000.  INCREASE OF CRIME IN BRITAIN  and only line of Investigation possible i-  a =tudy of the specie? of the para-ft"*  which are the natural means of control,  attacking the caterpillars, with a view  to discovering: flr������t. .what specie^ ther^  are: and. secondly, whether they are ln-  crea������thg In number.    This Information N  of very great importance and value, not  only from a scientific but' also from'a  practical' point, of view/ as the following   instance   of   a   similar   study  W1P  | show.���������'���������'-(iln   Kngland.   a  ������erious "'ontbrea,!;  ..    ' of   the   T.arch   Sawfly   was   reported   ir  the   J906.     (This  i������   the  ������amc  Inject   whicV  larch    or    tiamarac1  Canada  some  yearr  i>S&SS<  We opened our Branch Store at the Corner  Fraser arid Miles Avenue 1st of March  6.������-:. Kciwiie & rp  London.���������Figures published in  Blue-book f>n Criminal  Statistics for ft&SRSft S5,ff���������  1909, which has just'been issued, show ago. and a?ain anpeared about fi\e year  ..    .    .      ^, .    _ -        . , . , . ago).    Tn the following year I began tf  that the high  figure for crime, Which study the Hfe-hHtory of the in-ect an'1  was a markdd feature of-the atatiatica  it" Parasites.    Except in newly piante'  was a raamea xeauire oi tne BtatisiicB areM It WM not po,-g1bie to aiont a���������.  of 1908, is again apparent in 1909. In mf������n������ of nnntroi. Tt-w������<������ found in lstos  ...��������� .. _ A_i._, _..���������k-������ -.# ^^_������~������������������ *������t-^ l'������at a certain species of Ichneumon flv  1908 the total number of persons tried an important para������ite. had killed about  fnr Inillptnhle nffnnRos wn������ ftS l"lfi "a "ix per centr-of-the ln=ect������: in the-foK  lor maiccanie onenseB was M.iie, a Iowlj;g year the percentaPe killed hai in-  larger  number  than  in  any previous   created to about twelve per cent.   I thar  ��������� - _  ���������ut~v.< n���������. ..   ���������������������  .C..tinv.i������.    ieft  England  and came  to   Canada,  but  year for which figures are available.  to continue    the    investigation    min-  thousands of the'cocoons were imported  "    " "   "    nd  r  larger than in any year before 1908. 60 per cent-   Thls aifcoyery, which wa  in 1909, though-not SO large as in 1908,   thousands" cf the" cocoons" were importe  au a.7v������, vovuau Hvt   w .������ e������ ���������"> ' i from   England,   and   this   vear   I   foun  it was 67,149, which is considerably that the T^rcoMnee ot ip-ect������< in  t*  A1_  _  ,_ . ���������_;._ 4._������ ^  1llAO   cocoons kllledjjv the parasites was ove  Tetley's Sunflower 60   'por the n>e years 1894-8 the annual' also ^"^ '������^jjJ^.tJl"Mofa.th1?  Tetley's Sunflower, 3 lbs. for.. 1.00  Ridgway's 5 o'clock, per lb.....   .60  Coffee, Fresh. Ground���������  Mocha & Java, per lb     .    .40  Try ft pound with your next order.  PRdVI������ION8.  . Refaember our Bacon, Hams and  Lard are always fresh and at the  right prices.  3 lbs. Cowansviile Butter for.. iM  New Zealand Butter, 3 for.... '1.00  2 lbs. Cheese, for....../......    .35  Tub. Lard, 2'lbs. for     .85  average   was   52,208,   for   1899-1903   it. indicates that in tho e lo'caUtie������. where  was 55.018. for 1904,8 it was m0Ol||l-|iCT5r ^-t^nra:^  and for 1909 it was 67,149.   The real, control  of the.sawPv. and control .wil-  ,. .     .   ,   , .mean  eradication.    The  nract'eal  value  increase in crime, however, it is stated, i of tn- continued =tudv ne^ in the fnr*  ia nrnhahlv avon proator than is shown (that theowner- of timber f^arcl 't- fleets proDaoiy e\en greater tnan is snown | tri,ctJan bv tv,e centered defoliation b;.  by the record of actual prosecutions.' the o-iterriilara. tranv nore' having b^e-  -?. ,  _��������� _ i      .        . ..   .   ...   '������o killed  and were outt'tie down timber  The ccccluslon is aigo given that the before it had  rented _it������ fu������  erowti  figures indicate  not so much  an In-'ana value to u������n* '.*  crease in the number'of habitual crim  iaals  as  to a  greater prevalence  Th)-- will now be  ininece-������ar',\ a" we.Vnow the no^t wlU'v>'-  Controlled by it-4 para iter     In a Mmilai  #  manner we lw s a.rea-'.y besr\ h  a  ������hi''  or ,of t'-ve rat-a !tc? nf fie Srri'^e Rn^vonr  rimlnality in the community generally.' ^f^f .^^l^in^^c^'-  The  Rfeaaor). Ihy"������h*������ 'nec'p- of_T������������.i-n-'itAa t>iat we hav7  ��������� It is permisiDle to suggest mat this srin    jt ^ flvn^t.������'i t'^at micji an inv������ ti-  n'i������jiHv   infrpacsii   of   GrihlA   during   the   Pf*'^"   wlM-i^iicoto tn  u<='the ������vl-������nt  *r  s.eaa>   increase  oi  crime  auring  iae ,whIch natura, means of control are act-  3024 WESTMINSTERKP,  Phone U51  OUR MOTTO:  ! 'J'  Good Goods, Right!I  Prices. Prompt  Delivery.  Are in a class by themselves.       We tt^ferY'.Tiothmg but first  grade b'opms cut fresh each morning.  They last longer;  SPECIAL FOR SATURDAY  Single Daffodil   25c J>er doz.  Doable     " 25c per dcz.  Narcissus 25(7 per doz.  All other varieties in season at proportionate prices.  ffflVQl   DosinnQ    Por funerals. Weddings, etc. have a  lMlYul   liuoiyilo    beauty and distinction that cannot be  - equalled in Vancouver.  SEEDS PLANTS GARDEN TOOLS  THE  BUILDERS'  HARDWARE  STOCK  IS FULL  A LARGE  SHIPMENT  OF  STEP  LADDERS  HOUSE  Is At Hand.  We have the  Utensils  Necessary  for Such Work  1  [. Cor. Broadway I Westminster Rd.     Mt Pleasant \  h. Go.  CGB. 16th AVE and MAIN ST.     Phone 2553  I>i#^������;IHI?&������J& fz' V /������"  THE WESTERN CALL  h  Calls Answered Day or Night        -     - PHONE 8711  Robert Haynor & go.  Dominion  Undertaking  Parlors  Funeral Directors and EmbJlraers. Spacious Chapel and Reception Boom,  802 Broadway, W.    . Vancouver, B. C.  *4^^^^*4**������^x������*������:������h������':~:������*������>������x~>** <K"X'**'X'***-x^*'X~x*<~h^~x~>  I P. 0. BOX 1123, SOUTH HILL ESTIMATES GIVEN |  J  v  X  F. Webb  PLUMBING  Stove   Connections  & General Repairs  X  X  ������ Shop Address:                              ������  153rd Ave., Half Block West of Fraser Ave. |  T t  * Residence: COR. 21st AVE. and ONTARIO ST. \  T ���������                                                                -   '                                                           ���������*���������  ���������*��������� i                                                                                *                                                                                                                                                                        ���������  This is the  FURNACE  we install.  Come and see us  .��������� or call  Phone  6643  Oakley nesting & Sheet Metal Co.  105  BROADWAY/EAST.  25th AVE.  Full weight  One & one-quarter  pound loaf    for  ������ ��������� ���������  5C  Confectionery,  fruits, Etc., a Specialty  le Western Call  Issued every Friday at 2408 West'r. Rd.  Pbone 1405  Editor: H. H. STEVENS.  XiAVS ACT.  NEW     WESTMINSTER     L.AND     DISTRICT.    ���������  District of Xew Westminster.  Take notice that Arthur Samuel Goard,  of Vancou-ser, occupation printer, intends  to apply for permission to purchase the  following described lands:  Commencing at a post planted the  southwest corner of Lot 2438 Gl; thence  north 80 chains, t.ience west 15 chains  more or less to the east boundary ot  pie-emption Xo 2172; thence south 80  ciains; thence east 15 chains more or  less to the point of commencement, containing 120 acres more or less  ARTHUR SAMUEL, GOARD.  (Name of Applicant in Full)  Jjnuary 20th,  191X.  Events from 1791 to 1841CM'M  from page 1  TREE PRUNING  aaacmmmmji^ammmmmsaaaasmsms  Fruit shade and ornamental by  one who knows how.  S MI TH  550 Seventh ave. East  iroxxoa.  DIBSOOTTZO*     OV     FABTHXB8HZP.  The Plumbing business carried on by  Messrs. Kipp & Montgomery, of 3030  ���������vestminster Road, has been dissolved  by mutual consent. ' Mr. Montgomery  will continue the' business in the old  -jtand.     ' ,. ��������� ,  Mr. Kipp is opening up business on  the corner of Fifteenth Avenue and  Humphrey Street, near Westminster  Road.  -All unfinished work, and any outstandr  ing accounts, is assumed by Mr. Kipp.  Mr. Kipp's address is Hillcrest post  office. '        ^  (Signed)'   WM. D. KIPP.  (Signed); -g,   S.   MONTGOMERY.  First  Class  SHOEMAK-  INQ and SHOE REPAIRING  yon want, go to  PETERS & CO.  2511 Westminster Ave.  "'-      '(Near Broadway)  Ve guarantee oar work to be as good  as any in the city.     -   *  WANTED  Sousehold Goods of  I  description.  The Peoples' Store  Cor, 9th i% Westminster j*  HEEIER'S TO*  Leave your order for  Rose Bushes  1, 2 and 3 years old.   PRICES RIGHT.  Cor 15th Ave. & Main St.  PHK)NE R2196  Hm*'l'***'tW**b*>l'*****>**>l>*'l>*  ��������� <  :; The best stock of ARMS, ;;  ;; AMMUNITION. CUTLERY, V.  j; and SPORTING GOODS can ;;  ;; be found at the store of  ��������� ������  i: Chas. E. Tisdall j;  618-620 Hastings St.  ���������������  ***'V*'V*****>i>***'i>***<i.*>v*>i,*:  r  NEW   WAYS   WITH   RHUBARB  lit has been said that "there is  [othing new under^the sun" but last  ison I devised new ways of using  Lat-healthful.and early spring relish��������� '  |������ie plant" or rhubarb.  iRhubarb should never be peeled  Kien tender, for much of Its coloring  Id jelly-like properties are. thus  Brown away. Rhubarb sauce, as  lually prepared, is not inviting, but  1st spring I discovered, quite ac-  tlently, a delicious way to serve this  liolesoire fruit.  .''���������"..'  laving occasion at one time to cook  IJnie rhubarb while preparing the  irning Taoa1. I selected several  bdium sized stalks and wiped them  kefully with a clean, damp cloth���������  jttide up at.ciit a pint into a. small,  Siy enameled preserving kettle, into  tees three-quarters of an inch in  Mjth. Being interrupted, as a happy  Jught I covered it with-a cupful of  ���������ululated sugar and let stand over  kht. By morning the fruit hnd,  Imed its own juice and, setting the j  itle on tho stove without adding a  tip of water, Met the rhubarb sim-  lr without stirring for five mimi'es.  len ready to serve each piect;  '}& preserved form, quite as. whole  when in the raw state, and sur  rounded by a rich juice of a delicate  pink color, pleasing alike to eye and  palate. My pie-plant for canning was  prepared b.v this same method, it"  retains its freshness and. appetizing  qualities reiiurkabiy; in fxc:, it keeps  better even than when canned by the  ' cold-water process." ���������;.'���������-..'  Fresh rhubaro cut into small pieces,  sprinkled with sugar and partially  dried in the oven on earthen plates,  then sun-dried, is excellent to cook  in the winter with milder llavored  dried fruits. A German neighbor makes  her rhubarb pies in the usualway, but  with no upper crust. To make ruhbarb  jelly without waste, drain the juice  from the cooked rhubarb���������measure and  use the same amount of sugar as you.  have of juicej and cook a little longer  than other jellies. The fruit that remains after the juice is drained off  may be canned for pies.  Rhubarb Shortcake���������One egg beaten  light with a little salt, two-thirds of a  cupful of sugar, one cupful of sour  cream or buttermilk, one-half teaspoonful of soda. Add flour enough to  roll out, and bake on b'^tered tins.  Then split the cakes open and spread  rich rhubarb sauce, fresh or canned,  between layers and on top. This is  delicious.  Har  No. 1 Timothy*  :'*   c/Ufalfa  Prairie  Green  Oat  <S0 30 40  POULTRY SUPPLIES  zA SPECIALTY  fi*f0. 30 30 "���������  F.T. VERNON  %  V,  Successor to S.  W. KEITH  Broadway and Westminster Road  PHONE 1637  J  A New Thought.  The new girl had been but three  weeks in the employ of an artistic  family, but her time had evidently not  been spent exclusively in studying the  domestic arts. As her mistress was  giving her instructions as to the  dinner she said: "Marie, don't forget  the potatoes."  "No, ma'am," was the reply; "will  you have 'em in their jackets or in  the nood?"  will not bear examination. In %very one of the four opportunities which the  French-Canadian* had to rise against Britain, it is obvious that their Church  was going to gain more by remaining'under British rule than in passing under  that of Robespierre, of Napoleon, or of the United States. Under such conditions, it was easy to pose as the friends of Britain, and to accept money and  legal concessions for supposed services.  The Rebellion of 1837 in Lower Canada was really a race struggle,  while in Upper Canada it was a struggle for constitutional government. In  Lower Canada the Assembly was French, the Council English. These two  bodies were continually al loggerheads, and there is no question that a great  deal of the trouble was caused by the Council resisting the efforts "of Papineau  and his compatriots to make a French Republic of the Lower Province.  Papineau said: "The people of. this country) are preparing themselves for a  future state of political existence, which I trust will he neither a monarchy  nor an aristocracy. I hope Providence has not in view for my country a  future so dark fl* that it should be the means of planting royalty in America,  near a country so grand as the United States. I hope for the future, America  will give Republics to Europe."  J Bishop Plessis encouraged and aided the movement headed by Papineau,  but his successor discovered, that in the interests of his Church, there would  have to be a change. There was, owing to the increase of population, a  need for the appointment of two more bishops. The Government refused  its sanction to create' dioceses. Then, in the proposed Union Bill, Bishop  Pa'net had found out that there were provisions for putting into force the  slumbering power of the Crown in. nominating the bishop, and presenting Cures  to parishes. Back of all this, he had information of a proposal to carry into  effect the confiscation of the seigniory of the Island of Montreal, and the  use- of the funds for Crown purposes. The bishop was alarmed. What  was the cause of la nation Canadienne compared with the interests of Rome?  The Church came first. The Governor was approached, the bishop jseeing  an .opportunity for making a bargain. If the Government would agree to  leave the Seigniory of Montreal in the hands of the Seminary of St. Sulpice,  if it would give its consent to the appointment of a bishop- for Montreal,  if it would give civil powers "to new canonical parishes, if it would drop the  clauses in the drafted Union Act; the influence of the priesthood would be  won over. An understanding between the bishop and the Governor was arrived at. The change of attitude of the priests was quickly perceived by  Papineau. They had encouraged him in the agitation so long as.it suited  them, and now they had made a bargain at his expense and- that of his associates. ~ He resented the betrayal "with all the ardor of his enthusiastic temperament' The bureaucrats, he now told his followers,-were not the only  class to be dealt with. When the English were got rid of, there were black,  gowns to be clipped, and there were tithes to be reduced.  The terms on which the Church of. Rome agreed with the British authorities to assist in defeating Papineau and his associates included recognition of  the division of the Province into two dioceses, Quebec and Montreal, with  Lartigue as bishop of Montreal; bestowing on the bishops.the power to create new parishes and re-arrange old ones;- and returning to the Sulpicians  the three seigniories tbat they owned before the Conquest. Thus was the  Church's treachery to Papineau rewarded.  Next week we will deal with-the Act of Union of 1841.  THE ACT OF UNION OF1841,  -The Act of. 1841, uniting Ontario-and Quebec, is spoken of as the .result of Lord Durham's advice.   The union effected by the Act was not such  a union as he recommended.   Durham 'wanted complete union,    'a merging '  of the people of-the two<provinces into-one; with one law and "one administration of law, no discrimination-to be,allowed on account of faith' or, origin,i But"  an effort to be made.^so far aslegislation could effect it, of assimilation by the'  destruction of all legal differences.. .TJhis was the kernel of his'plan/ It was,  ignored by the framers of the,Act, who provided for a restricted union jwith  a joint legislature.   It was a forced union, even on jhat basis, resented alike  by French and English.' The French, knowing its purpose was to keep them  nvcheck, naturally detested it;, the,English of Ontario did not like anj^lieri  people having a voice in ruling them.-  As a consequence, the Union of the  two provinces failed to- accomplish the purpose for which it was designee], and  was a disastrous failure.   The parliamentary history of Canada'between 1841  and' 1867 is, in essence, a narrative of how, step by step, Quebec obtained  dominance.    The''first notable advance'was in- 1849, when the Baldwin-  Lafontaine administration secured the repeal of the section in the Union Act  making English the sole official language.   This is the first time in the history  of Canada that we have French admitted as an official language, 85 years after  the Treaty of Paris was concluded.   So that there is-conclusive evidence that  the use of French as an official language, was obtained by legislation, and not  by treaty rights.   The supremacy of Quebec was not absolute, however, until  Sir John MacDonald and Carrier took office on the understanding that no bill  affecting Quebec should become law.unless'supported by a majority of the  members from that province.    Such a basis of action virtually dissolved the '  Union. -  In the session of 1841 and those that followed, the members from Ontario had an opportunity of vindicating the great principle upon which freedom  rests, by framing a system of government that would have given equal rights. ���������  Instead of doing so, they ware false to the principles which they professed,  -and for the sake of personal or party advantage, sold their principles to secure-  the votes of delegates who held their mandates from the bishops. In the  history of self-governing countries, there is nothing more disgraceful than the  course pursued by the members from Ontario from 1841 to 1867.  At the Conquest, the Church of Rome entered a condition of sufferance;  its next step was that of a power to be propitiated for the sake of the favors  bestowed. It next blossomed into supremacy. During the last seventeen  years of the union, the bishops got what they sought, and in Quebec their  Church was buttressed by statutes and enriched by donations by the votes of  the Ontario members. One member realized the extent of the evil, but failed  to perceive its cure. The remedy of George Brown, representation by population, was the old delusion in a new guise of overcoming the difficulty, that  arose from Quebec, by force of numbers instead of plucking the difficulty out  by the roots. Had Brown traced the wrongs he deplored to their source, he  would have applied himself to effecting in Quebec what he helped to do in  Ontario, namely, complete separation of church and state. Sandfield Mac-  Donald's remedy, double majority, was the device of a coward, who, instead  of facing a difficulty, evades it. His plan was t.hat the members of each  province were to decide bills affecting their respective provinces, and when  there was not a majority of the members concerned in favor of such a bill, it  was to be dropped, even if a majority of the united house was in its favor.  When a crucial case arose, MacDonald showed the cloven foot. The Roman  Catholic bishops pressed for Separate Schools in Ontario. . It was a bill  that concerned Ontario alone, and a majority of the Ontario members voted  against it. MacDonald refused to apply his own principle to the case, and  Separate Schools were forced on Ontario by the votes of the Quebec members.  Thus it was 86 years after the Treaty of Paris was concluded that the first  Separate School was established in Canada, and the evidence places the fact  beyond dispute that the special privileges enjoyed by the French race and the  Roman Catholic Church with regard to language and the schools were obtained by legislation and not by treaty rights.  In doing violence to their professed convictions by uniting in the purposes  of the Quebec majority, the Ontario members lowered their moral standard  and became self-seekers. Sir John MacDonald, though the most careless of  men about his own pecuniary advantage, knew how to win support by exercising the potent lever of self-interest. Cartier seconded him effectively by  using the Quebec votes as a bludgeon to defeat opposition. His shout, "Call  in the members," ended many a discussion. All went swimmingly until the  venality of some of the members turned the moral sense of Ontario against the  MacDohald-Cartier combination, and its candidates could not secure re-election. - Then there was a deadlock the end of the Union of 1841  had  come. There was no question as to the cause of the deadlock, it was admittedly the thrusting of the will of the Quebec hierarchy on Ontario. To  lake steps, that for the future, that hierarchy should have no hand in what  the legislature did, would have been the remedy of statesmen. But the party  politicians, to whom the solving of the difficulties fell, were intent alone in  getting the machinery of the state again in motion������������������the Conservatives to  enjoy a new lease of office; the Liberals, long shut out, were eager for a  coalition, that they might get their share of the honors and the patronage.  How the deadlock was;broken and the influence of the Roman Catholic  hierarchy continued will be dealt with in our next article on, "Confederation  and the British North America Act."  {To Be Continued.)  NO  USE  OF  s  GOING  DOWN  TOWN  READ!  Tea  '  Hillside Blend, per lb 40c  Two and One, per lb 50c  Coffee  3lbs. for....! ,$1.00  Braid's Best, per lb 40e  Empress Best, per lb 40c  6-oz. tins Eggo Baking.  ..Powder .25c l  Large size Dr. Price's  Baking Powder **5c    >  Magic Baking Powder... 20c.   ,  Chivalley'S'   Cream   tof        , '  Cocoa ... Y 25c  Large - Cans of Cream,  Fruit!   Frwit!  Navel Oranges, sweet  and juicy, good size;  18 for 25c  Finest, large size, per  doz. 25c  Choice Table Apples, 6  lbs 25c  No. 1 Apples, per box.. $1.70  Oranges, any size,, per  case _,_.^_. ^_. ^^._. ^._$2.75  Lemons, per doz  20c  Butter, 3 lbs. for .'$1.00  Packed specially for our  owti trade.  NOTICE!  "We have a large consignment of J el 1 y Powders,  Spices and Flavoring Extracts, all Al goods. These  goods will arrive 1st of April,  Good fresh eggs pr dz a5c  & F.lliiHI  615-617 15th Ave.  "-���������"������������������   AND  Westminster Rd.  20 lb. sack Granulated Sugar,   SI.OO  ��������� v THE WESTERN CALL  H.HARFORD  SUPPLY  315 BROADWAY Phone  the recreational environment of the  child���������the influence of the adult theatre and vaudeville, with its ragtime  ditties, ���������ft'hich.rheedreesl parents allow  their children to patronize. And, so,  too, the general Mo$al M:ask . of ' the  school is to protect /hoys' against :smok.  ing,' drjnking, fand 7ga���������hlirigY which  they see around them 'and there are  recurring  epidemics  in  our  schools),  SUPERVISED PLAYGROUNDS.  _���������>������������������������������������������������������������������������*>  >*5*-������*^*.-I������v  MiyAAAAAA.^..^.  vvw  :������K"i">X������X������!'  vKr  . - : -���������-������������������������������������  ,  --*  's  President Leeson, of the Juvenile Prc-  '������������������ tection Association, Tells What is  Done in  Other Cities.  At a jneetin'g7of the Juvenile  Pro-'  ���������tection Association in the'.-cit'y'ihall last"  evening it was unanimously decided  that Vancouver should have supervised  playgrounds and representations will  and the girls against folly and immod-jbe made ,to the city council with the  esty in dress and all the vagaries of  flaunting fashion.  "And to clinch my point, let me  quote from the latest issue of a little  club newspaper, just received from  East Orange; referring to a local-the-  .idea of having the aldermen take the  matter up.  In entering on the subject, Mr. Leeson stated, that although the establishment of the juvenile court had been a  great step in advance, yet he was con  ���������Ml**  This week we have an extra  good showing of Table Fruits  of all kinds.  Have you tried Deckajulie Tea  It's the beat yet lb.      50c  Our Home-made Head Cheese is  just the thing* for lunch it's pure  so is our Pork'Sausage at per' lb 20c  For Pure Foods Our Prices  are as Low as the Lowest  WE APPRECIATE  YOUR TRADE  Our business is to Serve  You Right  atre and its play, it asserts that a cer- j vinced that prevention was beter than  tai/ poster and show have done more cure.; This prevention, he thought,  Lo corrupt the youth of these Oranges J could in a large measure be supplied  than all the clubs and Young . Men's b yhaving properly supervised play-  Christian Associations and Sunday grounds in ali parts of the city. 7 7  Schools and churches and those sex-1 He had been in Montreal, Toronto,  hygiene lectures can neutralize, let . Winnipeg and most of the cities of the  alone make good. Until every school east, and thought that those eastern  board . is primarily a board of moral places bad a great advantage over the  health, which jealously guards tbe coast on account of being able to pro-  child against moral disease'In all such vide winter sports. Every vacant lot  forms'���������posters and shows, sensational in Winnipeg was transformed into an  f  *.  X  t  SULPHUR,  CREAM TARTAR and MOLASSES, the ^hest spring medicine^  a large bottle for 25c  Note* We are now carrying stock of Cameras and Supplies  FISHER'S Night Bell  DRUG PHONE  STORE 3^89 -      Scott Street  t  I;  T  *.X~K~H~H^W^H~X~K^~K~^K~$������ ���������3^^~K^^~**4K������4^^������<^  places were not supervised.  The president told the meeting that  Toronto had set aside one-tenth of a  mill on her entire assessment to provide for the purchase of parka; Chicago was far advanced.- There were  forty supervised playgrounds lh Bos?  ton;.Detroit had public free ������wimmin������  four  efforts made by Seatle to follow the  path set by the large eastern cities.  "I think," he continued, "that we  should make" some definite effort to  securer suitable'grounds where children  would not have to go a great distance  to .get proper recreation. This is the  best opportunity we- wil have. We  have Kitsilano and .English Bay, which  ought to be made public bathing  grounds.  Mr. leeson thought that the matter  should be taken up by' the municipal  'authorities. The school board should  have a say in it and the parks commis.  EDUCATION  AS   CHILD  TIO N  PROTfiC  The city���������especially the large American city���������is no child's world. No restraint is put upon its flaring publicity  In .the interests of childhood's innocence; hence education is "mostly a  matter of protection against an environment which is unfavorable to the  natural and healthy- growth of the  child." These are the words of Mr.  Perclval Chubb, principal of the Ethical Culture Society's high school department, delivered before, an assembly held td the Child's Welfare Exhibit, la New York. It is not to,be  wondered at that the heads of families become "commuters" as soon as  children appear, when we read that  tne great city is "an adult wdrld  which recks'little of the effects of its  ways upon the sensitiveness and Innocence of tbe young." As. reported, by  the New York papers he went on to  say:  "Deplorable as is the overstimulation which causes, as evidenced in-the  precocity and 'smartness' of a typical  child, the moral effects of this environment are still more serious.  "Tbe nervous rush and crush of it  all, tbe selfish push and greedy baste  which reach" their barbarous climax in  the subway, tbe immodest assertive-  ness of the advertising, are unwholesome and ruinous. There are no advertisements for children; the child is  everywhere nudged with the rest of breakfast table? The agitation against  the comic supplement for children is  making encouraging headway, hut has  notTyet amounted to-a-force-sufficient  to change the practise of the newspapers. The attitude of the newspaper  proprietor, be he ever so wealthy, is  frankly commercial. He disowns any  educational or philanthropical intention He meets those who have plend  cd with him for reform with the state  An  newspapers  and songs���������these things , open-air rink.   However, most of these  will happen."  The daily newspaper, thinks Mr:  Chubb, "ought to have no direct influence on the child under sixteen.'  Its "chronicle of scandal, sin, and  crime" ia plainly not written for his.  consumption. But he is not forgotten  on Sunday.   Says Mr. Chubb:  "It is when we come to that Ameri-'baths and parks;  Spokane had  can monster of misrule, the Sunday , fully equipped supervised parks   and sioners should be included on the board  newspaper, with its lurid comic sup-! was making provision for the purchase .of management. v  plement for the child's particular bene- of more. Y   * .��������� Is < Treasurer'2F. J. 'Roberts; Vice-Presi-  flt, that'our trouble begins.' I haVn't j1' He told of the milliors t*������t Chlcago^flent Beatty and Rev. Father Madden  time to mince words about that. ,It and New.^rk were spending to buy,.approved the suggestion in brief ad-  iB.tin almost every example of it,"the 'breathing /spaces and dwelt' on the. dresses,  product of the newspaper vaudeville'  urUsjt, who has lost his sense of hV  mor, his ethical values, and his tasteY  It glorifies the smart child, proficient  in monkey tricks; the' cheeky, disrespectful, and irreverent child, 'who  'guys' his elders and betters; the libertine child of silly, humoring parents.  Its so-called humor is the humor of  distortion,' akin to that provided for  the - parents' in those insane. cartoons  which serve up daily and nightly in  our journals the misshapen, apelike  creatures of a diseased imagination.  "It is strange that the forces of religion ln the church and the Sunday  School have' not, been active to repress this Sunday Invasion of vulgarity. Is a child who has feasted on this  coarse food in any state of mind to  [attend Sunday School or church? Or  is indulgence in the Sunday newspaper  habit, or, let us say, the comic supplement habit, .calculated to Induce tbe  right kind of, reaction after the services of theCSunday School, and - the  church? But what can we expect of  tbe child if the parents are indifferent  and even sets an example? If be, as  bis chief Sunday relaxation, gives himself up" to tbe enjoyment of tbe average type of swollen Sunday newspaper, with its ubjy mosaic of scandal  and gossip and crime, and its frequent indecent piquancy, vwbat is to be  expected of the children?  What meaning will the words dignity, nobleness,   refinement,   sweetness  have  for  these  little  people,  whose  weekly' literary  diet    includes    this  row ning morsel from the sabbatical  us to interest himself in all that concern's his elders���������beautifiers, beverages, andall.���������There-are-na-theatres  for children. There are no newspapers for them; and no news-stands  make provisions for their reading  needs. The child is everywhere invited to enter prematurely into the  life and concerns of grown-ups.    ���������  "Against these social or envirc1.  mental influences which are the mast-1ment that as soon as public opinion  er pait of the formative forces at' .ps developed tax enough he will make  work upon most of our city childien,  the teacher has to wage a grim.and uncertain btttle. Thus, to draw nearer  to my special theme, the task of   the  change."---Literary Digest.  MARY AND JOHN.  teacher of English is to counteract the j If John rtarHeg Mary, and Mary alone,  linguistic     'literature1      environment, ,tu & good match between Mary  which corrupts the speech and taste  of the average chid.  "So the task of a director of school  festivals (which we foster at the Ethical Culture School)  is to  counteract  .1 and Jchn. ���������:  ' oUould John wed a score, oh, the clawt  and the scratches!  It can't be a match���������'tis a bundle of  matches. .       ���������-  . -J*-.-'. '  :xtj,   ���������,.-' "���������  COCOS ISLAND AGAIN.  ���������In our last issue we published an artie* ��������� clipped from the Monetary Times oil the Cocos Island venture. In this article the following  statement occurs: ' .   . r .      -,-'���������--  "It appears that Messrs. Rickard and frith are the new fiscal  agents of the Company, etc." Wek>re pleased to here make a correction. Messrs. Rickard & Frith inform us that they were for a  very brief .tim'r. the agents, and that they had been i-idu'ced to take  the matter up cm- certain conditions and providing that everything  was as represent" J and satisfactory to them. -; They carefully .invest  tigated the,Companv7* affairs and decided that it was not as represented and far from satisfactory to them. They then'turned'7-"  business back to the dir-^trsrs of the C'~ 'Patay, refusing-to have  anything further to do   vith it. ,.'...���������'..  In fairness to Messrs. Riekan. Frith, .who are very reliable-  gentlemen, we wish to say that they nave assured us that they have  no further connection!i with'.the- Cocos Island. Hydraxilic & Treasure  Company.' .������������������* ��������� " i;Y ...'.'....:.  It appeal's that the -easure-hunting expedition is still in the  imagination of the promo .s. The go-A ship ''Mary Dier.Y which  was to have sailed ere thi: -; still here. In fact, the Company have  forfeited their charter ar ���������'"���������> now negotiating for the purchase of  a sailing boat in Seattle, aie directors hope to get in the uupr'7.  balances on the stock sold to pay for this new vessel. "We are nor  informed as to what disposition has been made of the monies: paid  on stock hitherto, but understand from public statements of the  company that it is in the "'Mary Dier." where in all probability, it  will remain. .  SIR WILFRID ON RECIPROCITY. (Con. from pp. i)  ."Wherever new'markets were, to be .found, the > government  would not hesitate to take advantage of them. In' cereals, fruits,  vegetables, in all farm products, Canada was unafraid of free competition-from any country in-the0 world. If now,i^ was to he admitted that Canada in these lines-could not openly compete^ with, the  United States, then it was ail over with the bt>.as|ed place of Canada  as the granary of the'Eiri������ireY" "  Who ever thought of "America as a ." New ^Market t". This is  ope on Canadians. Can^'it' be'^true that ourvPremier has recently  been brushing up his geography and discovered America ? Or does  he wish us to understandthat because he is willing to allow the export of our raw materials, th'at we are in that sense to look upon  it as a "New Market!'*'' "  Then. "Canada is unafraid of free competition in farm produce,  fruits, etc." This is supposed td'put the quietus upon the claim,  of the Ontario and British Columbia fruit growers, "that the Northwest is their, natural market" -and proposes to turn it over tp the  Americans. It is also presumed-.that it will' silence the objection  raised against shipping-our wheafc-to America centers to be milled,.  Be make a great point of tmr boasted position as the granery .of the  Empire," but*at tbe same tim������ would have,an American.medium to  handle the grain,,        ?>.,> ���������"���������'-.-.      .    ..   -  "In the last analysis" says ������ir Wilfred, "the Government propose that the tiller of the soil should get thefbest possible renumera-'  tion for his labor." We ask,did. Uncle Sam ever pay John Canuck  high prices for his-farm produce, prior tos$ie introduction of ttfe  Rational Policy? Pid the farmer ever before get the prices he is  getting now? ,; "������       " -,  In discussing the chief objections raised'to the agreement, Sir  Wilfrid maintained there was no danger of deflecting export trade  from present Canadian channels,,vsince the new bonding privilege  had been put in force, and only cheapness of respective trade routes  regulated mode of export."  This is a mere subterfuge and does not answer the objection  referred to at all. There is a modicum of truth in the statement  where it refers to "cheapness of respective trade rountes." But  Sir Wilfrid carefully avoids a discussion of the effect it will have  upon the "storage centers.'^ It is well known that Port Arthur,  Port William, Winnipeg, Brandon ar^d^niimerous other centers, collect the wheat and then route it to tlie European markets.    The  question of which railroad shallihandle it: is not vital, although we  would prefer a Canadian road, but the question of which city shall  collect and store it is of vital importance.. "Duluth or Port Arthur,"  "Minnie or Winnie," etc.   In this Canada is deeply interested, and  we should make careful investigations as to the possible result to  our cities in this regard, for as Sir John-A has put itv,iIa farm without a city is a poor national ������ssef.'���������"'-"Jim HiiradvSca'^  and has constructed numerous 'feeders; j running north- and south -  accordingly.'  Why?   To build up Canadian centers?   No.   But to-  build up American cities.  The fact is Sir Wilfrid has not met'the objections in any single  instance, but has simply negatived every statement. He says: - v  "The loyalty of the Dominion to'the mother country was too  well founded in the hearts and minds1 of^ the people to be affected  by the mere matter of selling more goods to a neighbor to the south.  There was no disloyalty in exports/:*4  We wish to say that the-foreigners from all parts of Europe  and from America are pouring' into .our' country by the hundred*  of thousands annually, these are loyal in a sense, but only in ^a business sense., They measure their loyalty :ahd, national interest in dollars and cents, and this trader arrangement will affect them. Those  who come /rom British stock will always 'be loyal and for these alone'  can Sir Wjifrid speak in the forgoing Ian guage, while the hordes  of, other.nationalities which ace coming? here will be influenced by  other arguments. >   . ^^.   x  There is no, excuse for theYBecipraeity Agreement except as a  sop for the American farmers of. the^H������rthwest* who object to the  Union Jack over the schools, who: refuse to allow their children jto -  sing "God Save the King" and-thed*Maple Leaf," but who celebrate the 4th instead of the 1st of July and sing Yankee Doodle.   - -  p. .i'  r. i    <>,.  WHAT SHOULD BE DONE. (Copt: from page i)  ,JU,T  sanitary engineer.   The whole, schemedishould be drafted and plans- .  made with estimates of the tptal cc^st, "This coat, should be distribu-   :  ted among the districts affected, hot,on:a local improvment basis,  but in the form of a special tax,of \\ certain number1 of mills on the-  dollar of each district's assessment, or by a special loan., Once the  scheme is cpmplo|ed7;vonv paper/immediate, steps \should be taken  to commence construction in. such' a way as to give early relier'  where most neededYbut so as to work to the whole.   This, problem  of sewerage is vital,., We,are inviting, a|������.epidemic.by.ithe^wiy^f aye-,"  dealing with the question at "present, "we quibble bver'unsignifi-'  cant details and are allowing tjie greater.scheme to wait.- Our duty,  as citizens is to grapple with the difficulties with something like'   -'  a determination to^overcome them.   They are not insuferable, an(|!  can be removed.   This is' not the work of a month, but "of years!   '  Every .day spent in useless excusing or accusing is only so mucbY '  wasted tinie and makes the ultimate accomplishment that much!?  further off.N '   " -   .  Regarding water for South Vancouver, this can be arranged  by-joint action also. The City authorities are ready to negotiate  with any'out-side district to supply them on a reasonable basis.  Other improvements such as streets, fire-hall sites, etc. will have  to be handled as"well as conditions will allow in case annexation is  not consumated now. A definite scheVne should be prepared and  due notice given so that it can be brought up in proper order before,  the next legislation/ r "  :'**************-*******'V**a ****:********^M>*^**4f**A*** *^**^>***4***************** *^i>*r*f *******************  Dry Ms  Fancy Goods  S.  COR. |8th AVENUE and MAIN STREE^  Pry Goods  MEN'S  niiNniNS  Summer  77  We are receiving  and Sujnmer, Goods.  ring  newconsigmnewsoj  ft will pay youtO'Visi^pur store.  WE SELL FOR LESS. , '^^ ������������:;^vjj^^^^^l^^^o^;���������.ottr*.  AMyoe .^k^M-^f^iT'. Gorrupa^ns^  prices.::     .Y-' Y' 7 ;-^:v--.;;:; : - '^ }.\ /:'7 c'^ ;  &  #7  I   "  **������     "  f  Children's WashDresses  All made to order, onl}^the best of  Crum's Prints and Anderson's Ginghams used in these garments. Prices  ranjie from77.se to $3.50. Hon't fail  to see these dresses.:  D& A Corsets  ia all the litest styles.    Piices ranging -from 75c to $3.00  "'.' Y , ��������� ���������' NEW LINE OF7  French Corsets  THE JUSTOFIT. The correct  styles for the season. Prices $1.50  $2.00 and $3.00  A complete line of  Hosiery  Black,''Tan/".Blue-. Pink, Helio  Grey and White at the right price.  m  Just arriveidVi^ complete line of       %.  -.:������������������      '' '  "i- ���������������������������:%. ��������� :������' ���������'���������-;   k :.x .'���������'������������������������������������'���������     .���������-i---'|;-  Sumnier iWash Goods   |  Y..A--      ������������������' . '������������������::;.:-:' .* ��������� '���������":%"  such as   ENGLISH GINGHAMS, |  CRUMfS:;\ PRINTS,      DUPLEX |  DUCKING,     NiIrSE     CLOTH, f  SHIRT Y yWAIST       VESTING, |  FRENCH. MUSLINS, ETC. |  ^t^^a������A<g>A^nSi4My^i4"������'C><5>^'���������>���������>^'S'���������������g4t^y  *v*������,^8HSHJHSMi|*4'8*t"i"t'^*v**i*l������wiHi"y'*>  *4t*i**$&**v&v*v'S'*'i,*i$.<&**5tv**& $^#aa^a^aa$^^a^<|<|^a^^ N  THE WESTERN CALL  ^������^M^f������^M2a^������������^������^<������������^������^������������^^������^������^������^������������^*^������^^^*^������������A������^������^*4^**2**S* ������^������������$������������^������{>^������*$f������^!������������^������������^!������^*������2*������^������������2*������^*^*������$*������^������^������������^ 1^������������^������^������������^������������{������������^������^������  To the Electors of Ward V  ���������4  Ladies and Gentlemen:���������* >���������  Please accept my^.pes%-:thanks for  your kind support in returning me as  your Alderman by such a splendid majority on Saturday  last.-  I wish to assure you that I will  use my best endeavors to justify the confidence . placed in me as-your representative to the Council:"' ",  tfour Obedient Servant,  GEO.'E. WILLIAMSON  ���������������  ji-  -..  in:  * * {  ' i if  |,''M'M'*'Hiai������������������<'t*'W'<44<'*������������������^WM  INDIA-CHINA OPIUM TRAFFIC  t  Although the complicated negotiations with China regarding the future  \T the opium trate still (continue, the  bdian Govennneathys'Oecided to take  ^mediate action to -remove a griev-  in-, that It insists upon the vaccination  of. ��������� all < the    children    attending    Its  Bchools; and it would be well if all  employers of abor were to insist upon  aT-certificate of vaccination as a condition of employment.   It is the fashion ^nowadays in some quarters to de-  bee upon which China lias laid much'cry-vaccination and actually to oppose  nees.   When the original agreement it; but.the protective effects of vac-  signed in IM provision was irode'crasiibn cannot be denied by the un  |.<r a progressive -reduction of Our In-  haa exports of ������qpium !by 5100 chests  prejudiced;.'London'has records reaching las1 .far hack as 1629 and Geneva  tyear.   The programme of reduction, from115^0.  In England, before vaccina-  f\$u been scrapJouBry   observed   and tion^ the death rate trom smallpox was  411 continue etaitag 1911.   China has, above,'3,000 -per million, and in Lon-  |.>wever, eomplshnd that her imports,Ida* it was tover 4,06* per million.   Now  Indian optaot *������ve not 'diminished.!It,is,leas than 20.   In Prussia the rate  the same proportion as our reduced before vaccination was slightly over  ������rta, owing jdf 'course, to the fact,* ������,0AQ,, but with compulsory vaccination  the  extraordinarily 'high  prices'enforced, J the, rate is now les than two  ling la China Snore attracted opium perimtlHon., Similarly, the death rate  Wh flnnnerly fqunB a market else- in'Sweden>fell from 2,049 per million  Id *A*tm (0r*4iiiB! the Indian. j for/sixteen <yearg prior to 1800 to one  iverament has agreed to issue spec- :per-rollHon-in 1899.   Evidence in stat-  ���������ottes tor ������11 opium which tst^ca is, overwhelming Indeed to prove  ftm ftswryl, 1911. onwards, leaves the Vrbtefcuve "effects of vaccination  11a undw-teClw^iim'that It to dea-'against smallpox, and,   with   a pure  far 'umsuiaullon 'In <Clrm������7' The virnS, It carefully performed, and given  Ltaont which will thus be certified .thorough attention   after   treatment.  ��������� year win be *3O;60O Chests.  vaccination ��������� Is , practically without  d&nger. When there.are complications  they1'are usually found to be doe to  the unsanitary surroundings and. dirty  Here is a' hint  for. bur'Cfyy,Controllers, to see that all  tbpiroughly  -There is smallpox at I*  l 'n^i^l. uneasiness prevails, habits of the patient  itreal <once" 'had a gruesome ,out  Rjalc of' ift, "bu*,"that "was about' ��������������� our .filthy, hack lanes , aire  of a /century ago, and the cleaned .early this spring) and, It would  [jmfatr Ihofrof of Ut has evaporated, be well It they would InsiBt upousufB-  -was at the time referred to a dent sanitary inspectors going through  Fat outcry against vaccination led the slums, noting the Insanitary con-  ]a respected physician. But tbat dWons there, and persuading the land-  prod tff itjfttting tbe disease, which lords to put their houses In order, If  only' applied to smallpox, has only to the extent of a coat of white-  liecome a principle in dealing wash,throughout tbe Interior and the  all ������orts ol germ diseases. From , mending of the drains. There te a  lip to time wnaltpox cases have been 'good deal of plague abroad just now,  libvered and treated, and the un-j as well as some smallpox at home, and  IcSnated liave been advised to be, we; cannot, be too careful ln lessening  icinated; "but we fear  that to-day tbeir chances of spreading here.  |,re  are very many who have  notk   o%   ,   en that precaution.    The  Protest-      ������'     MISSION8 IN CHINA.  'School Board is to be commended'    Tronto.���������A striking   indictment   ot  Mr. Endicott in this city recently. Mr.  Endicott spent seventeen years in  China as a missionary.  > > Discussing the Chinese character, in  the address to which we refer, he said  that the Chinese were naturally the  most 'tolerant people on earth with regard to any form of religion except  Christianity. They had in times past  allowed the Buddhists to come in and  proselytize. They had welcomed the  Mohammedans and projected them.  Mr. Endicott himself had seen a colony of Hebrews in the interior of  China practising, unmolested, their  own form of religion. Moreover, when  Christianity was first introduced into  China it was received as cheerfully  as other forms of religion. The missionaries were accorded extraordinary  privileges. But the thing that turned  the Chinese against the Christian religion was the usurpation of civil power by the Jesuit Fathers/ The Jesuit  missionaries protected criminals upon  the ground that they were converts  to their religion. Their interference  with the civil magistrate incensed the  Chinese people to such a degree, that  every representative of a Christian  Church has for half a century or more  been hated and feared.  The periodical massacres of missionaries that have taken place throughout  the Chinese Empire are directly traceable to the same cause that has produced revolutions in France,, Italy,'  Portugal, and, in fact, almost every  papal country in th e world, The doctrine of infallibility and of temporal  "power leads inevitably to the1 subjection of all civil powers!.to;the Roman  pontiff. It is this craving forctpolitical  supremacy tnat will ultimately destroy  the remarkable edifice which has been  built up since the tenth century.���������'Sentinel."'       ���������    "V "        '\-     k i  RECIPRICOTY DI8CU38ION WAXES  '     WARM.  ���������M^^������-M^~:������H"J~H~:~X~X~H~X**X-~X*  ���������^^"H������������������������������������H^���������^���������^���������^~H���������^������������������H������������������^���������H���������  We carry a complete stock of  KODAKS,    I  BROWNIES,  EASTMANS N. C. FILM I  : M. Q. DEVELOPER,  VELOX PAPER,  SOLIO,  Etc. ....  5 We do, Developing,   Printing and; Enlarging  - * - that's sure to please.  HILLCREST PHARMACY  "-���������'���������_   B. R. GORDON, Family Druggist  PHONE 4M7     vMAIN ST., Near loth. ji  -r*  r  t  0CERY  Corner  Park Drive i 14th  Avenue  evils or the. benefits which are sure banking community here. Mr. Cahan  to. follow in^the. footsteps of the' e^l^' says, there, is a great deal of talk in  __'__ n-i- J_ ���������.- ������.__.-._ London that if reciprocity goes through  it will be far more difficult for Canadian government and municipalities and  No Signs ef a Disturbance in Financial  Circle* as Yet���������Medical'. Ju'rlspr'u  dence    in  ' the    Courts-^Ouebec  Ahead nl Temperance Legislation  ���������Some Raw 8port ,in a Great' City.  (From Our Own Correspondent)'.  Montreal, Feb. 27th.���������It seems' no  use .trying to get away from It Reciprocity   dogs   out,   every   footstep,  staites us in the.fmce.when we get up  In the morning and is the last ihing  on our tongues or tn our minds when  we go to bed. In tact we are luck^y if)  w������ do not great* .about it.  The. papers  are full of it, palriic bodies .are passing  resolutions about it and our friends  pester us to; nay what.we think about  it.   Tiresome as the Naval discussion  was many would welcome it back if it  would rid as of tbe present talk, talk,  talk.      '    ' ���������      '  Tbe somewhat ironical motto: "All  tbis too, wfll pass away" confronts the  vis'tor to the office of a famous police  official in this city. It'carries very little  comfort to tbe criminal who stands  on the. brink of a long separation from  -society tbelilnd the grated windows of  a penitentiary cell or purchance stands  in tbe shadow of the gallows but It  -spells splendid significance to the man  who ds compelled to listen while the  politicians rage and the party press  howls one way or the other about' the  Pearline-  2 pkgs.  for  Ammonia Powder���������  mm*     EVT      ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������,*  Royaf Crown Cleanser���������  ���������'. 3,tins for , *'.".. 2Se  ������>3>$<$H$>3K������H2K������HgK$K3K3H3HgK$>      fr&fr^follfr tJHJHgHJt^HgHgHgt^HJKfHft ��������������� A ������ #***      <$A$AA<^<'jf<%t&$AA&^?<$H&t^A&U&$Q  We beg to announce to our patrons, to the  patrons of (The Macfarlane Co.), and to the general  public that we have secured the premises, 3220  Main St-, formerly occupied by (The Macfarlane Co.) t  where we will in future carry on business* We'  take this opportunity to thank our customers for  their patronage in the past; and with better facilities we are now in ai better position to cater for  them in the future.  Courtesy, Personal ^Mention xmd Prompt Delivery  With the Best Goods at the Right Price.  NOTE THE ADDRESS: /  &  Phone 7881     3220 MAIN STREET     Phone 7881  The Home of Madova Butter, Maple Leaf Tea and  le Leaf Coffee.  other undertakings to procure financial  assistance  in  England,  but that his  own   feelings   are   that   so long   as  Canada  maintains  its  present  prosperous condition it will not oe difficult  to find in England purchases for good  Canadian securities, although it. may  be necessary, for some time to come  to pay higher rates of interest for our  borrowed money?   While in London,  Mr. C^han^j^nupged for the opening  of an olficia^djpporporation Agencies  in that city; and made1 some valuable ['���������''orangta���������  connections for that corporation there. |' Special, per dosen  so tbat it will now be th a tar better  position to assist in the reorganization  of the finances of good Canadian undertakings, aha7also to facilitate "the investment of English money In Canada!  ment now on the boards,  AN EXTEN8IVL PROPAGANDA.  The big.Interests are well organized  and make ^heir feJUngs known In very  short order throughout the length and  breadth of the land.; They are all  have thrown the .full .weight of their  powerful organizations into the battle  against the .international agreement.  Money ^no.. object and their is very  little doubt that i<a lavish fund is at  the disposal of those who are making  'he welkin ring,,, .The vast majority  of the people have no organization and  are veryjittle heard from.,  Na SIGNS. OF F.ISTURBANCE.  If the-' industries ot. the country,  are ever;ln danger the stock market  has a method, all Its own of which way  the wlnoY blows.' The prices .of, the  leading :-aeonrltIes listed on the stock  exchanges-ate note slow to discount  unfavorable conditions*and long;betore  they materialize and lene before tbe  general 'phb'lio realizes .what is going  to happen' a decline in values sets in.  In justice to the Reciprocity agreement 1* must be stated that tbe stock  market has as yet shown no signs of  aistrubance, On tbe other hand it has  not even interrupted the bull movement which has-been in progress for  months.'  Canadian Pacific which was one of  the greatricorpdrations which was going *o be^chewed ud at both ends and  its business knocked endways, has  unkindlv kept on 'Increasing in value.  This the Government press is not slow  to mim out. As-for. the Anevatinn tpl^  everyone knows whajt a ������?tpw *hp  country was thrown into bv Mr. Chamn  Clark's*' hot~talk~at- Washington. And  even vet there are .many who believe  we can reciprocate and still be loyal  to the bmpire.  THE EAST AND WEST.  For one reason or another people In  'he east have an idea that the west Is,  ������)s a whole, very much in favor of  reciprocity, and it was with a feeling  of pride and no little astonishment that  manufacturers and others read the  sentiments expressed by Pat Burns,  the Calgary Cattle King, on the sub  ject. Mr. Burns, as is well known, j=  robably the biggest man in many ways  the west has produced. He is the  owner of thousands of heads of cattle  of lan?e pacing plants at Caleary  and V.TC'-iiver, and is an extensive  trader in she<?n..swine, poultry, "but'er.  pgps and kindred products. He has  heen called the Aimour of Canada, and  in. Western. Canada at least, where he  operates something like  distributing :,ouFes and retail stores, of the cteim-for damages in the Supe-  he deserves the name. Mr. Burns save ior court and it was evident that raeri  re^nroci'y is -not dangerous" tp "his ic3i m^D> ijkea-li-otber professions, arr  business, but he goes further and says-influenced- by the commercial an'srl?  that,  no   matter' what  its  effect,  Tie | from  which  thev  look  It's all right if  it comes from the  Buffalo Grocery, or  we are here to  make it right ;;;'  Everything for Spring  Cleaning  Royal Crown Soap���������  6, bars, for -..  2Se  Golden West Wathing^Powder��������� -  ..Large package  2Se.  >Whlte Swan 8oap���������  6 bars,for \m, 2Se  White Swan Powder���������  ���������   Per package   Gold Dust   25c  r  25c  25c  25e  IN TH* INDUSTRIAL ^ORtD. -'  The oUjtTook in tbe industrial world  in and about Montreal In particularly,  promising, and 'as spring approaches  signs of activity are apparent on every  hand.  New manufacturies are spring-.  ing into life, and the older established  ones,   [while   having   been   busy   all  w inter, are more than ever busy now  that the days are growing longer and  the sun" stronger.  At this time of the  year it is customary for superintendents and general" managers of plants'  to make  exhaustive  reports to  theii  boards   of   directors   concerning   the  state of the business and the outlook  for the summer.   These as a rule are  considered   c'onfidertlal,  but  some   o'  them are given to the public, although  they_are^usually couched in such tech-_  nlcal language that It is hard for the  laymen to fully comprehend them. As  an exception to this your corespondent  happened on  a report made  by  Mr  Edward  Slade,  managing  director  of  the Black Lake Consolidated Asbestos  Company, a large concern in the Eastern Townships in which many Canadians are interested.  He ends with th^  significant words:  "I can safely state  that the property is now in a position  to  earn   al!  its  fixed  charges, and   a  substantial   surplus.    The   mines   are  capable of turring out over tOOO tons  of rock a day and are proving a Godsend to those in want of labor in the  district.   As soon as the weather cot  'litions   permit  Mr.   Slade   says   then,  will be great activity in this industry.  Glass Wish Boards ...  Globe Wash Boards ...  FRUITS  Lament-^ '"  t-Per .dosen0"..  50c  25c  25c.  . 25c  y  ��������� --,- -t    -  1    * a  Table  4 ,lbs. for. .. .:.~.~?zs* 25c  Cooking Apples���������   -"--  * lbs. for-;. ..-���������.. :v..-. ,.i.;v. 25c -  Fry's Breakfast Cocoa ^Ib.tinaa������o  Bananas��������� per dor. 26o  Cross A Blackwell's Marmalade  1 lb. crock 15c  .,   '     ,   r.        2 ,b-  tin" 25c  Alymer s Grape Jelly -       25c  Goodwill's Raspberries ���������   -   35c  Aylmei 's Pork and Beans  1 lb.  tins 3 for 25c  2 lb.   tin       -   I0c  Heintz Pork ft Beans lb tins 2 for 25  3 U>. tins      -     25c  Cowan's Cocoa���������  '/������ lb. tins  aftc-..  Small tins        tOc^  Baker's Cocoa���������  % lb. tins  ,   \  .14  ������lv ji ���������  ;**Y  Van Houten's Cocoa���������  _ o V* lb- tins   Fry'* Cocoa���������  c% lb. pac:-, 3 for ...  Local Fresh Eggs���������  1 doz   25c.  -25c.  25c  .40b  Eastern Fresh Eggs���������  2 doz     .  .55c  WHEN   DOCTORS   DISAGREE.  j    Medical jurispr.udence was destinct'  seventy-six  at loggerheads this week in the trial  TEAS.  Our own ^:���������nd is ihva\������, a s���������e.  cia). 35c per lb. nr 3 lbs  for.$1 00  PICKLES.  A   fine, assortment   of   the  makers. Crosse & .'Blackwell's,  ton's and Stephens.  Sour, mixed, 15c and   Chow Chow, 15c and ......  Sweet, 15c and ...........  Onions  Y ......  W--touts   best  Lip-'  .25  .30  .30  .30  4*������  T  ^^^s**^*^**h^>********* *%*>i***i****^***********^t***' ***********************&**,  -wouldj be In favor of a pact which  would benefit the whole country and  not. of one which might bring a few  temporary dollars to* a certain class.  Mr. Burns spoke like a patriot and  he has many a follower in the west.  BRITAIN  AND  RECIPROCITY.  Tbe fear has ben expressed in many  well informed quarters that, if this  reciprocity ; agreetnent goes through  Canada will be-cut .off like an erring  son from England's bounty. English  money has been coming into the  country for investment in handbills  lately, much to the advantage of the  Dominion. Should the agreement pass  Englands will draw her purse'strings.  Mr. C. H. Cahan, K. C.7 President  of Corporation Agencies-Limited, has  been in England for the past two  weeks or more on a financial missior  for hi? company, and his return haf  been   awaited   witu   interest   by   the,  at   a   subject  : Neurasthenia/was', the-, trouble   from  which tbe victim was supposed to Le  suffering and one side claimed that it  was not that disease at all while the  plaintiff's   argurhent   w^.s   all   in   tha'  direction.   Paul- Dinowertz was injured j  in  the   Spanish  River  wreck  on   th^-j  Canadian Pacific about a year ago an'5 t  tbe claim, he put in totallea up to abot  $14,000 while the company was willint ,  to settle for $1,500.   There was muc*  learned evidence on the nature of th? \  alleged   disease .and   the   upshot  wac  that judge, and jury, were      fllotically |  at  sea  as. to  just  what  ne      ������thenia l  meant and what it was !ikp do tc !  a man when he was not 1 jj. Ul  timately the claimant was awarded |  $3,500 and costs and while he got more j  than the railwsy offered there is no j  it paid the company to fight rather!  'ban pay the full amount demanded, j  Consequently both sides won. ���������    >  Gherkins   Piccalily' .......    ,7-Jushiocm Ketchup  ..--........  ���������. Chutney ;..  GP'ard Re'ish. a favorite pickle,  large  bottle       .30  .30  .25  .25  .35  Maclaren"s Jelly     .we'er      ���������  "<������ny flavor 4 tor -5c  Spanish Qiieen and Manzanillas,  piam a^d st;i:i^.<l   . . . ..... 10c. 20c, 25c, 40t     5C  hone v^nr orders;  They will have our  prompt personal  attention.  PHCNE R532d  J. P. Sinclair, Ppop. THE WESTERN CALL  845  Always in Mt. Pleasant  JELLY'S  Mount Pleasant Livery.  Phone 845  f-fC:  |j^Fo#o<$Yalu<������imt.  R^i^r^TATE AND INVESTMENTS  Call on  . i'w'    >    X i. .  NORRIS  Cor. Broad w  & Ninth Avenne  * ���������'_���������������������������       .... ��������� r ! 4������. ���������  {-������W4-:������1������I ���������!  ijipf pug Co. i  y. ������������  lofofeffiniates hn Plumbing  II Ml  i'lSii  1        ��������� I i     ���������   tsbwo*! onirtasW les-PHOU*''  ' BB*   ������:~&&  t~<~X~X~iX~;  si J3I lOth-Ayitfra ������������..;MancQuver ,.  lfid������3  *******4  =S8?  BC  tjMa g^unfimatamn pnajtaa  ses  I  'sfecvj .d! I f .{���������ma no jfls-inqqs yra  Cli?y^^^^lM^fel������^9bIO 9* bOfl ,9lH 0,fl  BiC QMil#?:t9rt'tf|i^Iip^1*;,  3MPME aB������>ft... .dl I    COR. WESTW^T^a*Vfriao$^l^ifeTt  1<%  9dS  For the Howie  GOOD FORM.  Taking's Lady's Arm  Is it proper for a gentleman accom- ' k.   ' ~���������  panying two young girls late at night Calls of Condolence  to walk between the two and hold each  by an arm? Is it ever proper for a  gentleman to hold a lady by the arm  except when helping her off a car or  other conveyance?  No "gentleman" ' would so conduct  himself with two- young girls. He  should walk on the outside of the two,  placing himself, between tehm and any  possible danger. It is very "provincial" for a man to hold a woman by  the arm except when he may be of  real service to her.  The Signature of a Married Woman  - Please inform me if it is legal and  correct form, for a married woman to  sign her name Mary Smith Dudley���������  her maiden name being Mary Eleanor  Smith. Some friends maintain that  Smith is changed to Dudley when Miss  How soon should visits- of condolence be made?  From two to four weeks after a  funeral friends should call upon the  bereaved family, if only to show that  they are not unmindful of them .or  indifferent to their sorrow. One  unually asks to see the member of  the family with whome one is best  acquainted, and sends messages of  sympathy to the rest.  Paying Your Guest's Railroad Fare   .  If a friend accompanies me home to  pay a short visit should I pay her  railway fare?  If the distance is short and the price  of fare under a dollar, for instance,  it would be a gracious act for the  hostess to pay her guest's fare, but it  Is' not incumbent upon her to do this  and the guest will probably insist upon'  ipaying her own expenses. If the rail-  j way  fare amounts  to more . than  a  Smith marries Mr. Dudley. ��������� ...  Strictly speaking, a. woman's baptis-J dollar or go the hostess may offer to  mal name in its entirety is her name, get the guest's ticket with her own.  woman may, according to  but a woman may, according to the  sanction of custom, substitute her  maiden surname for her second baptismal name if she choose���������provided she  always adheres to that form and  makes it her 1- gal signature.  .When Several Men Send Flowers  When two or three men send flowers  for a dance whose shall I wear so as  to avoid hurting, their feelings?   :  If the dance be a cotillion you  should wear those sent by the one who  is to be your partner for that dance,  and you may explain this to the other  men when thanking them with cordiality for their gifts. If not engaged in  advance to dance with any one you  should wear the flowers which you received first if you do not wish to ex-  citae any jealous rivalry, and may explain this reason to the men" whose  flowers you do not wear.  11/.  Morning Calls  lo .Will you kindly tell me the etiquette  (gfj morning calls?        '  Uo9*% x> !������nly intimate friends are privileged  '   call ln the morning, except on busi-  to ask information about a ser-  :������'*r m tne interest of some char-  ,aa<   i glJj'(^ri* perhaps,  to  inquire  after a  Saoa   ! jfrje'mf&* health.   The call should not  I be1 Jf7f bloli&ed beyond   the   necessary  titnV'&qlifred for tlie object-df the vis-  itj 9ftl &rc?1c*6untry1 ln summer a morn-  4nV"c&? Ii %   pleasant   informality,  8l#h&U<$b! ������Mfe commended in the interests  'oftbtimenasffip^"  d , rf.-)o^3 &dr tad*  .is  !EU)UL  ���������t^m*msmm#*s**+*^^ n\ iMwafx'i'L lYJi  ���������'���������mWi-si^- '?���������>-������������������������������������.���������    3CS .     -���������  P&ONE  4607 .   .'  ������1  We have moved Jjacjc .^o^o^tt^odits  ^^27Wr^IN^^Ii^^f^^  at \1o ?t������1������ on nw  $pm *l ������������fidNV������tnTake Back an In-  r w jjriT-rT   fir/d   #fa*������>n  d������ wJiateaaBSoafmiiiJi.'dfli"if after asking  gr young lady to be his partner for the  ^sejrtnaBirohepftndbtihatoat -will be im-  ~* ��������� !��������� g������'MIB ���������<!>��������� musJMuf foftiu'i ~bs������^. W������IH'*ritriwfi->t(KbeilrtTthe dance?  He-should 'write"her 'a~ note of ex-  pjanation? and'apolbgyr<as:i soon as he  knowB*thatihetfenBe(t.Btt������n(lTthe dance,  ^andvarratogfi^.tvitli-'S flortstito^Bend her  a, jbuiroh' of' violets =or a^few'-lottg stem-  flifdff roses-'er ������rhteldy on "the1* evening  )p/|tber-*,ateiffelJnto0irt ������ceompahted by  b^s f>cSrd, wtta^al lirieT op s6 ^xpfessing  a^ew^his'dlsbpp'ohitTn^fft; 'JQK'he^lhay  ^ehi* the tfcweUs \dh������n3tteo*������fels Sent.   9-ii'jrn.C adr  '.vmvo ; 2io os-ttb:  lo   ?oft;  ���������yiiiiiiq edl ot aavis 9i-: t$i  toi ���������b'&PTriT''iiir'kimrsaul l!  ������IQif9ei3ASS'C������r?DI������!S191'  FRESH MILK AND bW^PAII^:^  ������55 and TABLE FRUITS! T     A FULL.  ^32^BiaaiS\^Tp%uwy. 5&fim  j,oq97  G   no   terr-ifilfid  Alrents for WOMAN'S- BA^E^Y BRE"\JX',ffvp^b C^N^BfifJIQjNBRYo > s " -31  ""':'''J     ' '  '-..-IT  arft  r,; nwnn'. Atttfiffi  ��������� ��������� ��������� ��������� i  s������c   so&3kiZ9 .  .������^*mmm m m m i  6i  '/QSllSlpP  ******** WM������AM^i<!^l^^VMV *4***������**^s  rfj.. Aki'ir ?.ba9 &H-  fa.9*29'telni. 9"U  2b'.o?.r ���������������������������ciro?  '".oci R -ft: ������������������''/?ff-.v- -������!to<;7>".* -.^-'iJ  brNEW'iEQTJIPMENt1 '-������-' *?*  ������������������   sviif-i   irfT     '.?..';!MT^������.-Yaf*as  ?��������� or ������v^HQNE 845  ���������t. -. ;   ���������, '.'  '< ���������..������������������  >'t.-       ���������������������������0 b ^-I'-'/jt-'; 3':i5 b'ns '<*������b s-ri-?  HACKS, BROUGHAMS; SURREYS; ?-  '/ -il esc-di o  SINQLE AN������ DOUBLE tintVtM  o; ; t Motitrt Pleasant Nv������fy  v---^--;ii b a: >:'S-.v '  NEW STPABfitS   ���������������������������;-       -  2545 liQW^PC ST REIET  JrJr./C. ���������)  ->r;P'i  o  ���������ki-ruo  >:  Night Orders promptly attended.to.  .-���������i^b ^.T^'   i'j-.i'ioiV^^^V^J^ft  ^a-������"  <=.  .A1JU.1JJ  W  i^  'li.  tu  arf  M*r^?  Calls at Other Times Than "At-Home"  Days.,-.  If a woman has a reception-day and  has sent' cards to all her friends to  notify them of the fact, need she  receive chance callers on any other  day?>-I"- '������������������  No, provided that the maid is Instructed in advance to excuse her  nlistress when opening the door, that  the,caller may not feel that any discrimination has been made against her.  To reply to a visitor, "I'll see if Mrs.  A is at home." is not only an evidence  of Ignorance on the part of mistress  i and servant, but is also an injustice  to the visitor, whose time one has no  right to waste. Some persons think  that the formula ^Not at home" involves no more falsehood than the  word "regret" ln reply to an invitation. It may be so, but for a woman  to be seen at the window by the caller  receiving her message, "Not at home"  might be as embarrassing to explain  as though she had really intended to  deceive. "Mrs. A is very much engaged  and desires to be excused to any one  who might call" cannot offend, since it  implies that all comers are ito be  treated alike.  I An  Engagement Ring Not Indispensable  Is it accepted that if two people have  come to an understanding they are  engaged even' though no ring has been  given? and should not the ring be  given before any announcement of tbe  engagement is made?  < Tbe ring, Is merely the "outward  and visible sign" of an, engagement  and in no way affects the real fact.  It is customary tor a ring to be given  before the engagement is made public,  but there are, doubtless, many persons  who never receive any ring and tbe  compact is none the less sacred.  How to Give a Housewarming  <-.���������=  ,^ Will you tell me the .manner .of en-  nfP^fT^^W3aw7iV.bas">tiio;fnt  #P?&bjf������?W ^d i^~^e?M������te  house.. Is .c^e^^to'jnspectlo^and^iivorjy  partjOf^ j^ shbiili;be In. p^rie^t Jpr^er.  ���������-.������-  Jr'9"'  Th'e Uhchaperohed Young Girl at the  f'i."r."<%���������/=> Y'je  isV*  eatre  "   oris  No, not even alone with! another girl.  USEFUL HINT3.  To Destroy Flies  Strong green tea, sweetened well  and set In saucers. Place where the  flies are numerous.  Grease on Carptts  If not too long standing, it can be  easily disposed of by washing tbe  spot with hot soap suds and borax.  Put half ounce borax to a gallon of  water and use a clean cloth to wash  ibe^spot with. Rinse in warm; water  ������ndj>wipe dry.   ; ������������������'  K-������v '^ /"^-iV-:= Y-Y,,.Y  To Remove Mildew  i:m-p|it 'a teaspoonful of chloride of  lime! into a quart of water and strain  ft? t)|ice. Then dip the part mildewed  >lh the solution and lay in the sun. If  not ,remove(d, dip again when dry.  TbYMend iBt^Plns  7n*leit a' srnalUvplece of s-saling wax  andVdrop ItlwMst hot into the hole;  ^mMttteK' insert -the  pin  and  press  the  edges aroum{ ftaic. The pin is then  ai nVm as new������  af.lf ������������������        101   Tt  if yiolif age'lf you wish to be^classed' "V*"* Truly" In a Business Letter  with9nw<tf feaYpeol.il^ou; ^?u'or^Pf^not a business letter dispense  Vfh������\%.^1ttatrg^\l?r^. IPX**.?"*  e^king of   Yours  icf! Gfrls^f^fteen1 di, M S5.l!?l ft���������*? I* signed *Uh the  \*k ?li^-.i>iTJLl^'?:i)������1.lLi2,V^ i'iJ!Miir-:i-;f������iam| of the writer? .  ���������-���������-,;'::.'."       .  ���������-*   :s;-;������3-:':j  -i-J)  ���������>���������'���������*****���������'��������� the world/and inno.centry,^and,because.  1821 MAIN STREET ���������>'"- ?T-���������t*W^^^'^  J-M^-*-    au^������xj.i     KJj.i.yxjXJ^.   ,8W   a;a93,M.,t igives consnicubus.. They lauehloudly..  Gdtnmon  f  S-52.0  MEAL TICKCTS$4.75  SHQBT!;ORD^RS,A'SPEOlALtY.   .M������als;%^|k"ivtturas ������Wh������M'  Helg^mr^oyied.- -Quick Service aW-Courteous/TreatraeHtX71  Gi ve���������- us 0a .-calces ;c ������������������-...,.,���������,      ���������-���������-���������=��������� ^���������������������������*��������� ������*���������**���������"   ���������*  to In-  selvp^6ns6ic^Wto8./t.hex.Jaug^ your VieVV M ^eSr.e^iot yet  ^Ixlt^ ^4^^^!^iPated7from the ^f^daiity of  ^i^i^'^-p^rfilard.^ century manners, and it Is  H:;prrEg)slf^Ii  ��������� afmt  She Had  a Natural  Advantage.  i^|!^b^ar[ylhergues^'w:e\4:  :d to take CVk'flfa-t^J1?*^11  At  asked  ever;  one  the prfe  ���������worst.  woman   who  comer.  who  are not fit for decent so- ---���������*  ed*[cfety, affcr^fltf^m^fsScn^atleMon^ wri^*  :���������&nplimentar}9^wh������a3ifl9*ealfty "the^ ^ure.?, which  won the prize.   Allow  me to���������  A .������n*-Ma^J������ry;ffI *& ^���������~-'.z ^-fe msnlfing.'KiWheipJvery) yowif cg������isiIP������t ttiem to-^ni)  a mm ^^sa-oMjul^lnt^^^^^^ p;^3^l^^^lda^esse,  ������ ixz* K~r.XiiP?  ^k'- ���������'A^'-'r etfltireftects-seriOuSIy upo*;th541f p**^!-s^'���������*  !S^ S!3^^^\������e������^ ao? . gUVHera- Washington  Rested.  3s.^sjL?iii^ ^5fV>^ the: proper fecial" coHVehti66s, 61?���������'���������">^A ^tnall feathe^illow w-liich-jiestled  Mtfelesshfvf^th^irixlaagh-cef's 'f,epijrla-f,!ln'-'";������ glassj^p^   ii^}Eh������nn|torical  ctcatcd    upiuiil    Interest  [aceli^fre1 ������wiir--'when''brought  '-A.  SPRING GOODS SPRING STYLES  .       For a Stylish, up-to-date  ''���������::kk://,:ky-^^:'^:-:::.::^k.k  See  & Nicol  THE POPULAR PRICED TAILORS  432 Main Street, Opp. City Hall  j S. McPherson Geo. A. Nicol  PHONE 6964  P.O. BOX  IS,    HILLCREST  C. E. YOUNG  PLUMBINP, GASFITTING and HOT WATER  HEATING.     Stoves Connected and General*  Repairs,  Etc.  Estimates Glyeir COR. 21st and WESTMINSTER AVE  ia< ��������� ^"n'Tttnn miu  William R. Webb Harold E. 5rockwell  TELEPHONE 3539  MIDWAV ELECTRIC  ELECn^RICAX CONTRAC3TORK  529 Broadway W  VANCOUVER B. CT  Electrical Chandeliers        ���������  Bells, Fittings, House wiring  Motor Wiring and Repair  Telephone  Systems  CO.  BRANCH:  il Cor- Main C& Broadway f  PHONE L8404  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������*l'**������4H|������tH^������������������������������������������f������4.������i|������*������������4.il,l|,<,������������������,<.l|,,t,������������������������������������������������;  ^wmmamimaammatmmm**  W1HMIWH  PROF. COWAN  EXPEET TEACHER of Violin, Mandolin, Guitar, Banjo, Authoharp and  Zither. Twenty Private lessons  $7.00.        No class lessons.  Musicians supplies of every description.  COWAN'S WTO-PATE WW STOKE  2315 Westminster- Avenue near 7th  s+mmmmatmasawatmasmmam  mmwmmmm\i  t>t������t������t><������������t>t������t>������t������t>ti������t<t>t������t������f������t������t������������������t������  PRACTICAL H0RSE8H0ER  Special attention given to Lame -  and Inerfering Horses.  PRINCE   EDWARD   STREET  B������tw������������ii Sixth and feventh  Avenues  fj^s/them ope}������'td^un^erita^ding^^Ullthe   custom  to  subscribe  one's  ^d^in^^hag^g^f^fe^'^d "^ *������ P���������0ple indiscriminately ln tlie  1."  1008 PURE"  '",'.'. 7 , 7V    FOK SALE BY  The Burnham Hardware  COR.18th and MAIN ST.  Co.  form| you  disa]  Very ^u:  e  t  tl������|.ivhlchcte3^W *S5i<*fte *! tninf^ as!]*Us���������������im  SfWihloomtx^3^apef'no:toa^hfo"6������tf Tafio^ the visitors.  "It looks pretty-bad &w inc(,"������sal*thaiiinar itjn-r'amispdaldrfg'c^kannefs-ln' -r''"i'lon't stffe apyjhi  \ f-|Ci|defen^^^r������ru*l*K'-'*QSfl'2|,p^*B '&&* ������'aW'''fc'?s'maiP townsT : eoilveatiotfe  tfi^t ;JiIlow,'I^*niei-ke  i-o.u? Hajtejlakeii. to, dismiss ^that jury *aad> gets in; irar|-v- smd'-tb'e- best- thia'^*-tcP'<i6Is' to:*to,~th| guide.  #Etas?^^  ane^.lqt. Jhere aiqfea m aw Iamo������iBti������Aitr>! ���������'''-" >&WayT&'of tSose-yoftnl gfifls'1-r4riIt% a very valuable pillow." replied  m ^ut���������-\vbat^owesc-.������e.tTmoiEey; fdp������wh!<Jni-'>you-.7cdiSst*eirT*he B���������sfT)Vgd'!anar" the'^uide. "That is Washington's  othe's,;'N..;^i-i'>  ;:rj-:atB JtDi edJ VI aaafcJt Vorthrol ^hiitaHbnr"21'-"^ '-'orfgiri|l  headquarters."        "���������     .'���������:"    '[-.  This Paint is the only absolutely Pure Mixed Paint on the  market. We carry a itfll line -- ALABASTINE, Fresco  colors, Brushes, Varnishes, and a full line of other Painters'  Supplies. WRINGERS, TUBS, WASH BOILERS, AGATE  Ware.  Remember the Place  ?3a  Go.  8th Avenue and Main Street  PHONE 6932  MOV   =9012  i ���������%-'^?'Zy<^iht'SH^*������ ���������v-f"&i&v*2v*-  ���������x^-x-*^x-x^:^x~xi**-H^x~> .    /"'���������  THE WESTERN CALL  TORONTO  [(furniture STORE  t^\     3334 Westminster Avenue.  I      '    ���������  Xmas Goods  fit A   large    assortment    of v  ftCHINA,   and   the   prices f  are right.  Many good Xmas sugges-  >        tions in furniture.  %     H. COWAN.  f>������������i.i|Ms.i|H^������������������iM|i������������^.i|i.i.������.:.������.i'<i-i'������  F2 : _^_  m Piano Tuning  Expert Rjepair Work.  Factory Experience  Best References  H������      W. J. GOARD.  L      OOIUNOWOOD CAST  eavc your orders at the Western 'Call  -v  Young &  Week  i  \m BRflS. Undertakers  ft Open Day and Night  PICE and CHAPEL  120 GRANVILLE ST. Pbone 8282  |AS.   GILL0TT  MSH   ���������AMD   DOORS  ii Tarring and General Mill Work  129 ridville Str.  Phone 2745  >r. Qep. Howell  Veterinary Surgeon  Office: and Residence  K8608     955 Broadway W  II       MT. PLEASANT CHURCH  Cor. Ninth Ave. and Quebec St  liday Services���������Public worship at 11  tin. and 7:00 p.m.   Sunday School and  nble Class at 2:30 p.m.  iRev. J. W. Woodside, M.A.. Pastor  1170 Ninth Ave. W.   Tele. B3948.  WESTMINSTER CHURCH  Welton and 28th.    One block east  of Westminster Ave.  irlces���������Sunday.   11:00   a.m.   and   7:30  p.m.    Sunday School. 2:30.  iRev. J. H. Cameron, B.A., Pastor  I Residence, Cor. Qeubec and 21st.  1AVTHT  PLEASANT BAPTIST CHURCH  ���������[Cor. 10th Ave.  and Quebec St.  Ii      S. Everton,  B.A., Pastor  .  \l 260 13 th Ave. E.  \ching   Services���������11  a.m.   and    7:30  .m.   Sunday School at 2:30 p.m.  ^CENTRAL BAPTIST CHURCH  |l Cor. 10th Ave. and Laurel St.  jrlceS���������Preaching'at 11 a.m; and 7:30  im.     Sunday  School   at   2:30   p.m.  Ijv. P. Clifton Parker, M.A., Pastor  " 11th Ave. W.  MT.PLEASANT CHURCH_7__  .   nborTTOtlir'XveTlihd'[ Ontarlb     -     ;  hces���������Preaching at  11   a.m.  and. at  ?0   p.m. , Sunday  School  and  Bible  38 at 2:30 p.m.  W. Lashley Hall, B.A.B.D.. Pastor  jnatfe.   123   Eleventh   Ave" W.nupju  image, 123 11th Ave, W.   Tele. 3������24  Irensong at 7:30 p.m. each Sunday.  AXGtUCAW  ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH  |r. 9th Ave. and Prince Edward St.  ces���������Morning Prayer at 11 a.m. and  Rev. G. H. Wilson, Rector  ry,  Cor.   8th Aye.  and  Prince Ed-  ward St.    Tele. L3543.  LATRHt DAT SAINT*  Organized church of christ  1370 10th Avenue, East,  jlces���������Every   Sunday   evening   at   8  llock.    Sunday School at 7 o'clock.  IS       i. Mcmullen, eldbr  BPZNSEIfT    OBSEB   OT   ODD-  X-EX.Z.OW8  ST.  PLEASANT   LODGE  NOl   19  ets   every   Tuesday   at' 8   p.m.   in  .F.   Hall,    Westminster   Ave.,    Mt.  fcant.    Sojourning" brethren'cordially  Tfed to attend.  jMathew.;, N. G.        '"   '      '  iF. McKenzie, V. G., 4 o 2 10th avenue:  jscwelt, Rec.   Secy.,. 4SV'"th  avenue  3PEHDEUT OBBCS T03ESTSBS  loURT VANCOUVER SO. 1328  its   2nd  and   4th  Mondays  of  each  }\ at S p.m. in the Oddfellows' Hall,  Pleasant.    Visiting brethren always  fHankins, Chief Ranger. .  Lj. Crehan, Rec. Secy., 33, Princess  pengeJly. Fin. Secy.. 237 11th Av. E.  lOTAL OB&KOEIODOB  f   PLEASANT  L. O. L. NO  1S43  Bts  the  1st and  3rd  Thursdays  of  Enonth at 8 p.m. in tlie K. of P. Hall,  ^siting brethren cordially welcome.  [Birmingham, W.M., 477 7th Ave.  hi. Howes, Sec,   393   10th  Ave.  FRUIT.  Choice Apples, per box.. $1.25  6   lbs.   ..." '..; 25c  Extra Fancy Table Apples,  ���������4  lbs yk..*:.'- 25c  Extra Large Navel Oranges,  Per doz 25c  New Dates, 3 lbs 25c  New Prunes, 3 lbs 25c  LARD.'  3-16. TailB Lard....'". 7... .45c -  5-lb.   Pails   Lard...., Y..75c  Mb. pkts. Swift's-Pure Lard...20c  HAMS.  Extra Choice Sugar Cured  Hams, in wholes or halfs,  per lb 20c,  >   BACON.  Sweet and Streaky, per lb 25c  EGGS.  Finest Selected, per doz.... ....15c  Brookfield Eggs, Ne^r Laid.   ^ ..'   .  per dozen           ...50c  CANNED, FRUIT.  Pineapples, S cans 25c  Peaches, Large Cans; regular  -35c size    20c.  Pears, Large Cans 25c  Apricots, Carge Cans 25c  PJCJCUES AND SAUCES.  Blue Label Catsup, pier bot 25c  O. P. Smith's Catsup, per bot...25c  Small size  10c  Rowat's Pickles, 2 bottles 25c  Victoria, large bottles 25c'  FLOUR.  Robin Hood Flour, per sack., f 1.50  Royal Household, per sack...$1.80  Five Roses Flour, per sack...$1.80  Our Best Flour, per sack $1.65  ROLLEu OATS.  20-11*. sacks Rolled Oats..-.--��������� 75c  6-lb. sacks Rolled Oats....... .25c  7-lb. bulk Rolled  Oats....   ...25c  B.&K- Rolled Oats, per sack. 35c  B.(K. Extra Cream, 2 pkts.. .25c  ^~*7 eREAKFAST rFOOPST^--" ~  Carnation Wheat Flakes.  per pkt.  .. v...;'.;..' ...35c  Carnation Wheat Flakes.  Small size, per pkt..........10c  Malta Vita, 2 pkts.... 7::.... Y*5c  Post Toasties, per pkt.'.'..... ...10c  Polled Wheat, 2 pkta..... ;���������-... 25c  Puffed Rice, 2 pkts......... 25c  Corn Flakes, per pkt....... ���������. ��������� 10c  '"���������' TEA- '"  If you want a really good cup ot  Tea then try one pound of Young  & Thompson's Famous Old Country Blend, which for quality and  flavor, cannot be surpassed.  Price, per lb.. 50c  A    HEARTLESS   CLERICAL    HOAX  Last week the following appeared  in the columns of the Daily Province.  As it was heavily leaded, did not stand  in the correspondence department, and  had no openly avowed author, it must  be accredited to the editor of the  paper.  Here is the heading:  "HOW   THE   LONDON   TIMES   WAS  HOAXED"  "Tale of an Irish Mother Separated  From Her Offsprings."  "Some joker has been perpetrating a  hoax att the expense of the London  Times and two Irish Newspapers. In a  letter to the Times he gave details 'of  a cruel and heartless desertion of the  victim of a so-called unhallowed union  by the partner who should have remained faithful to her for life."'  The letter proceeded: "The" case  has received considerable notice in  the Belfast News Letter - and Northern Wig. The ' poor mother thinking  tnat at least she should have her  children to console her, who however  not only abandoned by her natural protector, but robbed of her offspring.  "Sir, this occurred close to Bangor,  within twelve mlleB ol Belfast, and I  am in a position to say that tbe foul  robbery of flesh and blood was ped-  petrated by a member of an Irish  secret society.- No terms were dictated,  because no terms /would have been accepted, * andt the unfortunate, creature  was deprived of that which by all  laws of nature was nearest and dearest to her.  . "But there is a bright side to the  picture. I can say that the mother is in  no state of destitution. She is being  at present amply provided for by a  wellknown elder of the Presbyterian  Church..  "The three hoaxed Journals have  now learned to their discomfiture that  'the foregoing pathetic story related to  a cat whose kittens had been taken  and drowned soon after their birth."  The above Is the production, a  monstrous production, which appeared  tn the Daily Province last week. While  1 so" state a fact, I do not for a moment suggest or suppose that the responsible editor or sub-editor had  knowledge of the horrible, heartless  and diabolical facts of the case.    .  The Province has been sadly hoaxed  by some creature whose identity ought  to be known to the public and who will  'be hunted' up and spotted by tbe  Province for the future, if the Proprie-  person.  I Bhall give the tacts of the case,  and in doing so, venture to assert tbat  the author of tbe above dastardly production lias so managed, as to keep  himself out of Bigot from the public,  and in all probability from the Province which was so merct'essly hoaxed.  Now for Has facts ot the case, put  ns concisely b������ possible. J,T������ or n*������ar  Belfast a Roman Catholic man married  a ProteBtant woman. They nave a  small family of two children, very  young, the babe being about Hour  months old. Husband and "Wife got  ilong harmoniously together and were  is well mated as two persons of  antagonistic creeds could he. In course  ->f time a Roman Catholic priest appeared on the scene, and told the  husband and wife that, they were not  -eaTTy -married, though tbey had been  <.^^^m^x������^~^h������*x^>������k~:������������H"X������*:"X������ ���������h������x������^:~:^h~h^x^~h~k������������h������x������������H'* ^������x^x^^^^^~x**^x-X"X~:~x*������������5^  t   k * "t  E. O.  2648 Main Street  Near Cor. 11 th Ave.  To the Mothers  We make a^specialty of  Boys' Clothing  and we want you to bring your boys in and we will  be pleased to show you our stock: Our prices are  right and the quality cannot be surpassed.  For the Men  / *    ' *     ���������  A complete line of SPRING UNDFRWEAR.  HOSIERY.  NECKWEAR..  CLQTHilNG.  Leave your measure for a SUIT, OF  CLOTHES.    . ;  I  f  r  .7.  ���������r*  Jt  m?m+  it  ii  ii  ii  it  ii  ii  ii  it  ii  ii  4i  ii  a  a  ���������������  loMfc ���������  Drop in and see bur Spring Samples.  to date.  They are up  ���������^^I^X^H,'>''1''>^<',I"V������������'>'1"V������������S'<H> 4^^������������&^^H^W������H^^^^������M^n^x������* <K~H^-X***'H'*'K"X"H"H"H  to secure,the Orosvenor Hall for tbe  purpose of an overflow meeting.  "On the platform were tile Rev. Dr.  Murphy, the Moderator of the General  Assembles tne Lord Bishop of Down;  Right Hon.. Thomas S4oclair, U D.;  Right Hon. Thomas Andrews D. I*; Sir  Wm. Crawford, J. P.; Col. R. 6. Sherman Crawford, D. L.; Capt James  Craig, M. P.; Mr. Robert Thompson,  HI, P.; Mr. W. J. AMen, D. L.; Mr.  Alex ITDoweti, the Dean Ot 'Connor,  the Archdeacon of Connor,; JRevs. Dr.  MacOermottY'i>r. Magill, tta\ H'llveen,  maTrted according to the law of the Dr. Lowe, Dr^Worttman,. John Pollock.  land, and were  respected  as honest  sion that the promoters were obliged true thai-she suiters from an Incurable reveals.  stiff backhand will never bend the knee  , . Now, for a few short easily under-  to Rome. After her marriage she bad a stood coment6 on all the above. First,  happy home until the time came when - j WOU|,j agk the re8der to read over the  she and her husband were informed by . letter j have copied from th<L Daily  Province.    Then   read   carefully  the  list of names of those who took an  active part in the monster meetings,  of indignation against the' above ujt>.-  cbiistian and monstrous act.  But  especially  let  the  reatter, ask.u  himself, or herself this question: Who.,-  W. Conkey, B. Banks, J. D. Lamont,  W. J. Hanson. G. Thomson, S. Thompson, X Knowlea, &. -B. 'Cooke, D. K.  hnsTban:d"as To lead_Wm to forsake"his ] JWfeSlilTnpTfisBe^e'r RT^Willisr  upright citizens.   The priest brought  ���������TOch-i-pressure   to   hear   upon. the  wife,   and  to   aid  In   removing  the  -ihfiaren from the mother's love and  ���������are.   She was robbed of husband and  '���������>er "helpless children in the name of i  -ellgfon, and she was turned out on the!  -street  as "a  helpless  pauper, in  the  WE SAVE YOU MONEY ON  EVERYTHING YOU BUY.  YOUNG i  HALL FOR RENT.  O.   F.������ Mount   Pleasant.���������All  Rations for use of this Hall to be  to J. Haddon and all rents   for  I to be paid only to me.  J. HADDON,  |L3184     Care Trimble & Norris.  2503 Westminster Road. I  Cash   Grocers   and  Provision Merchants  Cor. 26th S Main  PHONE 7032  the priest that they must be rermar  ried.  "This the mother absolutely refused  to agree to. Father Horbert says it  would have done tbe woman no harm  to get marled over again. In his eyes  it might have meant little, but It  meant everything to the mother.   No  Jofen Piper, H. -T. >Lilburn, Pastor S. J.  Reiki, Mr. John Sinclair, Mr. D. Thompson and Mr. R. (L. Calwell.  The   following   -spdke,   and   their  speeches are in ,pri;nt and before me j But she was notc prepared for what it  as I wntte. ~Uie\.. Dr.'Murphy, Moder- "  Tiost heartless manner, in the name*a*ar of   the ^(General   Assembly,  the  of'the same religion. iLord BishonYof Down, John Pollock,  The  heartless  act  of  the  recreanH Rev. JI.. D7 ijiniont, iRev. Wm. Corkay, j her home,  she found  that her  llttte ..  Mis-band, the stealing of the two help-1 Right Hon. Thomas-Andrews. Rev. Dr. Infant, Tour weeks old, had been taken '.   ,    . name or rel,S|oI1<: and whlI������ she  away. It'had been literally torn from !8 ,n deep Borrow some.person is heart  a.. -      ��������� ��������� , ' is the real cause of getting the   Hoax  self-respecting woman would asknow-j.^..^ .. .    . ���������"  .._.?,    ���������  ,  .   ���������',     *   *.���������**.������������������      ,i .      *������;        letter or article into the: Daily Prav---  ledge that she bad been living three i,������������������Q,   xir*.*.      -u  u    ^. *.      *  ,    . v-        ..        ������.   , " j  ince?   What could  be bis.-, motive fn. ,  years In shame. No mother who loved | ���������.������������������.��������� , - ���������   '   ������������������  f-      ���������_ ���������.. ,,.     .. ,.  ��������� ..    ! referring to the mother as-a cat whose -  her children wotfld put upon them the ,. lf. ������������������ ?���������_ . . * .        kZ  ... .   .,,_^^. %t-        _       kittens were taken away and drowned?"  stigma   of   illegitimacy.    No   woman !Hoo ..^ o,K  p,- UJ  **        ~���������  .  .7     .-_������������������- ... ..-,���������       Has the author an iitea^tttltiSrhead that _  believed tn brer religion would acknow- . .���������   ���������   u kkk,       \  a=.^-^iae==^'i.as^^    -^^^^^^^,^il^,^1^he^could^take^thi8^artiele^attd.-carry^^--  ledge tnat its ceremony was null and... ���������������������������������������������. t-      ., ,���������-,,,  ^.������*   ������^. ���������-������.��������������� ���������������.M^������4i.-i���������-M. {t around to certain people In Vancou--  ver and district who are already fl*c<������r>-  ly aroused over this and other similar  dastardly acts?  Was it a fool, or a knave, or a kind-  hearted gentleman who originated that  heartless letter or article ? A poor  heart-broken Irish mother is robbed of  her home, her husband and children  void. The woman was perfectly justi  fled  ra refereing  to  be  maried  over  again. If By'*marrled over again' meant  so Tittle. Why did Rome insist on it?  would "cafflYher.  One Monday evening, after being cut  tor n short, time, when she returned to  'ess babes, and the atrocious, conduct JMacDfcrmott, Kight Hon. Thomas Sin-  Iter "breast,    her other  infant,  about i  less enough to refer to her disaster bv  tweTws months old, had also been torn  from ^"her, and this was done under  the guidance of a Church which claims {  likening her to a cat  whose kittens  -were  drowned.   The  children   so   far  j have   not   been   found.    Surely   they  ^f the  misguided  priest,  ho  amused j Clair, and Rev.. Be. iLowe."  Belfast,  Ulster and  all  humanitarian l    The above gentlemen spoke at the  Trelrma, that much has been attempted i Aeseanbly !Ha31 meeting.  ���������md.aone to force-Vhe return of the|    At  the  Grosvenor  Road   Hall  4000   . B  _.._._   stolen   'children,   and   to   make   thejper^ons were packed, and many were j as its founder the Lord Jesus Christ, e    ������      10Wne ���������  nisband give support to the wire he;,unable to ^et iinto either hall. The'who said: 'Suffer little children to j However, tae man, or men who>  'n teiTor of the" priest. so heartlessly j-Rev; G. it. ��������� Wedgewood, of Mount-j come unto me, and forbid them n.ot.';deed wquld scarcely scrup'.e to make:  art destitute. Monster meetings were \ pottiftger Motihutise Chinch, presided j for of such is the Kingdom of Henven.';IthG 'discovery of the children and absconding husband impossible, even' if  acts as bad as indicated by the cat.  story were necessary. In closing I ata  free to say that at present 1 do not  believe that the proprietor or responsible editor of ?he Province dreamed of  so gieat and heartless a misrepresentation getting into their paper..- Doubtless these who read, will have no  serious trouble in locating the real  perpetrator, the true cause, and all will  be sorry that a deception so brutal'in  in its nature could find an author, and.  oeld   In    Belfast,   and    the    overflowrRt\Gr<osvenor    HaU.     The    chairman]    "But   worse  was  In   store   for  her  neetings could not be taken care of by ;j spoke at lengtli, and was followed by!'She stayed  in the lonely house wi h  :he public halls at theTr disposal. iJRev. Dr. Stephenson, Rev. W. A. Wat- iher husband until Thursday, .-pleading  The  ASSEMBLY   HALL  was  filled (son, Rev. F. E. Harte, Rev. J. AV. Gib-! with-him  all  the time  to bring l>aclc  "-r ryerflcwing, and then GROSVENOR J son, M. A., and iothers. Iher children.    He kent;promising tha:  HALL was packed until -stancing room j    Now 1 shall qiuite a part of cue of jhe would do sr, and on Thursday Ve  was at a-premium. (the  adresses  of ithat  memorable  oc-! took  her   out   to   bring   her   to   lie:  The following will speak for it3elf 1: casion: "Rev. Wm. Corkey, M. A., who  children.   After walking her around a  Yr>ny   from   the   Belfast..'Witness,   of | was heartily receav.ed said:   'I under-j number   cf   stree's,   he   took   her   to  January 6th, 1911. j stand the reason whyT have been ask- \ Castle  Junction,  and   leaping upon   a  ���������ROME AND MIXED MARRIAGES.��������� |ed  to   speak  here   tonight   is  that   I; moving tram, ������������������he left her alone upon  GREAT DEMONSTRATION. IN        may give to this audience a plain and  the street.    When she made her'way  unvarnished statement of the facts of iback to her home cn.Cavendish street.  BELFAST.  THOUSANDS ATTEND A9SFMBLY  AND .GROSVENOR  HALLS!  this case in which we are interested,  she  found  that" all the  furniture  had   a medium'for pubic use.  The first question that will be natural-  been   removed,   and   that   whilst   her  ly asked is as to the character of the husband had been promising ^to bring  unfortunate mother who h'as been so  her to her children, he h?d really heer.  STIRRING SPEECHES BY MODER- J hardly  dealt  with.   I  do  not think   I 'planning to break up her heme.   And  ATOR, LORD BISHOP, AND  In every thought runniug through  my mind I hold our fellow-citizens as;  too manly, womanly, and too' humane:  to sympathies wiih this sad attempt at  OTHERS."  "A great united Protestant demon-  -nation was held last evening in the  \s?r-;nbly Hall to pretest against the  Roman Catholic claims in connection  with mixed marriages, with particular  reference   to   that   Churche's   recent  can   do   better  than   read   an   extract now, without children or husband, or fooling  the   public   by  claiming  as   a,;"  from a letter sent to me by her Ein- home,   sh?.   found   her^eif   MhRclutely "Hoax", an awful fact, that of destroy-",  ister, the Rev. Mr. Gilmour, of Bally- destitute.    All her clothing, the litt'.e ing a happy home in the name of Jesus  mena.    in    whose    church    she    was things she valued, and everything was the Nazarene.  brought up,'and who officiated at her gene.    And   she   was   left   without   a. February, 28. 1911             E. ODLUM.  wedding, and baptised ber two child- penny on the street, not knowing where j                     ��������� : ������������������  ren. He says that "neither before nor to turn to, and unable to find either      ".M^mma, is the bid black hen gcing:  after her mariage, up to the present husband or children." to   be   sent   away  for   the   summer?"  <"-uel   assertion   of.-those'' clahrp 'in j time.-   have   I   personally   known - or }-.'The'above-sad story is a small part "No, Tommy; but why do you ask?"  Belfast.                                                          ; heard anything against her character.*  of what could be given  in  collection ."Well,   I   heard   papa   tell   the   new  "The keenest interest was manifest-! So far as my own experience of this   with this case, but it is enough to let governess that he would take her out  ed  in  the  proceedings,   and  so great'poor mother  goes,  1  have  found her  those who read have an insight of the riding when he sent the eld hen away  was the demand for tickets of admis-j above reproach in every respect. It is awful travesty cf religion this sad tale for the summer." 8  THE WESTERN CALL  ?  We have a nice line of  Ferry's and Steele's  Garden Seeds in packages;        In bulk we have    ^  SWEET PEAS  NASTURTIUMS  LAWN CLOVER  LAWN GRASS, Etc., Etc. *  Every ounce is fresh from the producer.  MOUNT PLEASANT PHARMACY  THE OBLIGING DRUG STORE      F. A. WILSON,  Prop;  2U9 Main Street  Sub P. 6. 8 N Two Phones:   790 and 7721 |  Mrs. David Jackson, 614 Eleventh  avenue west, will be at home- next  Wednesday afternoon from 3 to 5  o'clock, the occasion being the fourth  quarterly mite-box tea of the Auxiliary  of th e Woman's Misipnary Society of  Mount Pleasant Methodist Church.  The contents of the ,mite boxes will  be received. An attractive programme  will be given. A cordial invitation is  extended to all the ladies of the congregation. Y.  BETTER METHODS REQUIRED  The Deputy Minister of Agriculture  for Ontario nas recently stated that  the 175,000 farmers in Ontario would  at least double their annual income if  more up-to-date agricultural methods  were used. The present yield from  agriculture is b"etween$200,000,00 and  i $300,000,000, whichYit will be noticed,  is more than equal to the entire capital borrowings of Canada from Great  Britain per year.    That is, by better  L. Mt. Pleasant are giving an agricultural methods the    farmers in  Ontario alone could lend all the addi:  tional capital that is needed m Canada yearly.  Local and  Otherwise  About 20 lots at White Rock changed hands last week. >  Mrs. Trimble is indisposed.  We have received a large number  of subscriptions in February. Have  you renewed yours?  Miss Florence M. Delaniater���������Lessons in China and Water Color Painting, China Decorated to order. "The  Algonquin" Apartments, Suite, 3, Vancouver, B.C.    ^-^r- -      i  A concert under the auspices of the  choir is announced for Tuesday evening,- March 14ty, in the Mount Pleasant  Baptist Church, corner of. Quebec  street and Tenth avenue. Madam Ada  Bennett and other first-class artists of  the city are assisting.  Mr. Gow has opened his pool room  and it is.a credit to the town. '  - A new barber shop has been opened  in Gow's Pool" Rooms.  Misses Marshall have installed some  new silent salesmen.  Messrs. Rickard ft Frith report  Ocean Park becoming the Summer Resort, according to inquiries. '  Cubon Grocery,   3024   Westminster  Road, report business good.  Try Hillside Blend Tea.    Cochrane  & Elliott's, 615-617, Fifteenth avenue.  Look the Buffalo Grocery ad. over  this week. They are there with the  goods. .-'   i* l ���������     /  Mrs. L. W. Ross, 40t^tii$b~avenue  west, has returned from a; visit to Calf;,  fornia. ,  A petition is being circulated for the  permanent paving of Alberta street  trom Broadway to Sixteenth avenue.  The petition is being handled by Mr.  J. B. Arthur. Any person wishing'to  sign same will be able to do so by  calling at Mr. Arthur's residence.  The Royal Floral Company, cor.  Westminster -Road and ��������� Broadway;  have just received a complete line of  garden tools and seeds. Tbeir aim  is to carry a complete stock of everything required for the garden.  The Royal Floral Company, corner  of Westminster Road ��������� and Broadway,  we notice, have been supplying some  remarkably beautiful wreaths and designs for the various funerals which  have taken place In this vicinity lately.  The work Is done at the Granville St.  Btore^ by a lady_ artist who displays  remarkable taste and originality In  the work that Is being turned out.  Rev. R. Newton Powell, the popular  minister of Kitsilano Methodist Church  and President of the Conference leaves  on Monday by the G. N. R. for the  East, where he will attend the transfer Committee and the General Conference Committee of the Methodist  Church which is being held in Toronto. While away he wiil visit a number of the Colleges ln an effort to secure fifteen new men for the work  here. Mr. Powell will be away four  Sundays.  Jas. L. Lougheed ft Co: are moving  'nto their new quarters in Mount Pleas,  ant.   '  L. O  "At Home" on Thursday, March 16th,  in the K.P. Hall on Eighth avenueVeast.  Visiting brethren are cordially welcome. The following program will be  given: '��������� .���������!���������  Instrumental quartet; vocal,solpYMi*.  Taylor; violin solo, Mr. Coates; recitation, Miss Anderson; auto harp solo,  Mr. Redburn; vocal solo. Master B.  Cran; speech, Aid. H. H. Stevens; cornet solo, Mr. Redburn; vocal solo, Mrs.  Roach; instrumental duet; vocal solo,  Mrs. Martin; piano solo, Miss Jessie  Sacred. Bagpipes to play during refreshments.  , The committee' who see after the  relief of the poor and needy in connection with the Woman's7Gulld of Mr,;  Pleasant Presbyterian Church  a most enjoyable .tea on  afternoon at the home of Mrs. U. H.  Mason, 106 Eighth Avenue E.  The object ot this tea, which was  attended by over 60 ladies, was to  raise funds to help this committee to  carry out    their good work.  Little Mis Dorothy Murray attended  to the opening of the door, while Mrs.  Mason received the guests. Tbe tea-  table was presided over by Mrs. Geo.  Murray and Mrs. P. R. Smith, who-  were assisted in" handing round tea by  Mrs. Wallace, Mrs. Coulau, and Mrs.  Keith.  During the afternoon, Mrs. R. H.  Baxter played selections on the piano,  and Miss Gladys Wallace sang two  songs, all of which were greatly en-  Joyed by those present. \  gave  Tuesday  BACK TO  GRAN'PA'S  I'm goin' back down to Gran'pa's,  T  ���������   *������     WM.t,  To hear remarks about my feet  A-muddyin' up the floor. ���������      :'  They's too much said about my clothes,  The scoldin's never done���������  I'm goin' back down to Gran'pa'8;  Where a boy can have some fun.  I dug up b^air his garden   .7  A-gettin'worms for bait;  He said he used to like it  When I laid abed so late;  He said that pie was good for boys,  An' candy made 'em grow;  Ef I can go-back to Gran'pa's,  I'll turn^pirate fust you know.  He let me take his stotgun.  An' loaded it fer me;  The cats they hid out in the barn,  The hens flew up a tree;  I had a circus in the pard  With twenty other boys���������  I'm goin' back down to Gran'pa's,  Where they ain't afraid of noise. .  When the gentleman with decided  tendencies toward looking after everybody's business but his ownj saw a  furniture removal van being loauea  near his house, he sallied forth into the  street, on investigation bent. "I say,  carter," he said bumptiously, "are the  people upstairs moving?" The carter  looked at him,: scornfully. Then he  wiped the perspiration from his manly  brow. "No, sir," he retorted,; grlmlyi  "we're just taking the furniture for a  drive." .<-���������-.,.^.-V,Y'.*:,'-���������  Perfectly Reckfew  The members of tbe church rot|  that their dearly-beloved and devotf  pastor should have a vacation, aj  so. he decided that he would visit\  brother-worker In the neighbor!!  village. This good brother, recognizii  his fellow-worker in the Lord wl  back among the congregation, on Sijj  day morning, and wishing to: she]  every courtesy, asked him to lead  prayed. But the visitor calmly repliel  "You'llhave to excuse me, dej  brother. I'm on my vacation."  "What is geography?" asked the  father who was testing his son's pro-,  gress in study.  "Geography," replied Jimmy; ���������* "Is  What you put inside, your ���������Jtrousers  when you think you are going to get a  whipping." . .    ... .  She   (to partner claiming the  flr|  dance)���������"You are an early bird,  Glossinest!"  He (gallantly)-r-"Yes' by Jovel-IvJ  caught the worm."  She���������"Wha't!"  ���������f .-  ���������H^^~H*^^~:~KK~M"fr������^  He didn't make me comb my hair ,  j    But once or twice a week;  He wasn't watchin' out fer words  I    I hadn't orter speak;   '  He told me stories 'bout the war,  An' Injuns shot out'west;   .  Oh, I'm goin' down to Gran'pa's,  Fer he knows what boys like best.  * j He even run a race with me,  8TORE REMODELLED.  Messrs.   Young 'ft Thompson1 have  found it necessary to put an extra delivery rig,on, and also have found it j    But haitQ gtop ^ cougn;.  necessary to remodel the store, taking |He rode mj Dicycie> an. laughed  the space originally occupied by thej    Bec.us. he tumbled off;  butcher business.    This    now   gives He knew the eartjr ftpple treea  them the space to carry a larger'stock,  and they will need it from the way  their business 1b Increasing.      '   ''  E. O. Grant,-2648 Main stret, has a  ?omplete line of Boy's Clqthjng and  Furnishings. '  "#  Burnbam Hardware Co.; corner  Eighteenth avenue and Main ��������� street;  report business booming." "7" .  Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Carter, . of  Eleventh avenue, have returned' from  a thre months',trlp through California.  Miss Curie has the largest and most  up-to-date Millinery stock on the Hill.'  Don't forget the opening, March 9, 10,  and 11.   Store open evenings.  SPECIAL 8ERVICE8. -  The Evangelistic Meetings in'Grace  Methodist Church, cor. Sixteenth and  Burns, have grown Very interesting,  will be continued this week. ^Every  evening except Saturday, at f: 507 Besides the choir and other earne&'fwork.  ers of the church, tbe pastor'tab excellent help in Dr. Osterbout and Messrs. D. P. Henry and C.' V. Terry.  "Come and see."  The Rev. Mr. Williamson preached  on Sunday evening, and madeli"very  and tender appeal both' in bis sermon  and in the after-meeting.  The Revs. R. N. Powell, of Kitsilano  Church, and A. M. SanfOrd, of Trinity,  are announced for next Sunday!''  ���������  Miss Estabrooks, corner Eighteenth  avenue and Main street," is receiving  daily new Spring and Summer Goods.  Drop In and look them over.  - G: E.-McBride ft- Co.,-opened their  branch Hardware Store at corner  Fraser and Miles avenue, on the first  of March. .  Messrs. Foxcroft and Pearson took  the third degree in Oddfellowshlp on  Tuesday last, after which the 'nAge sat  down to a choice supper and a jolly  hour was spent.  On Monday evening las' Mr. and  Mrs. James Goard gave an evening of  pleasure to a number of tb������������lr musical  friends. After the music .-M deadings  a dainty lunch was given and thoroughly enjoyed.  Appraently South Vancouver School  Trustees and Council-'are not: pulling  together. '   ���������   (���������*���������  Said a prominent cte'rgjVman: "I  once met a beautiful and' brilliant  American" woman "on "shipboard. She  talked splendidly but she was very  positive���������positive indeed. 'I am a good  reader of faces,' she said one day at  luncheon. 'On first sight of a, person  I can form an opinion of that person's  character, and I am never wrong. I  am. positively never wrong.' 'Moiher,'  her little boy called shrilly from the  end of the long table, where he sat'  with his nurse. 'Well, what is it, my  son?' said the mother indulgently. And  we all turned to hear what the little  fellow had'to say. 'Mother,' he replied,  'I want to know what was your opinion,  mother, when you first saw me?*".  Aroun* within a mile;  Oh, Gran'pa was a dandy,  An' waa "in it" all the while.  I bet you Gran'pa's lonesome  I don't care what you say;  I seen bim kinder cryin'  When you took me away.  When you talk to me of heaven,  Where all the good folks go,  I guess I'll go to Gran'pa's,  An''we'll have good times, I know.  v-Sheldon Sun.  ::  ::  FLEMING-McCAULUM.  . A very pretty wedding took place  at 60 Lansdowne Avenue, when Miss  Annie Fleming,and "Mr. John McCallum were united In marriage. The  ceremony was performed by Rev. Mr.  Woodside, while the best man was  Mr. ..Irvine. The bridesmaid was the  bride's sister, Miss Sarah Fleming,  after the. wedding the company sat  down to a choice supper. Their many  friends rwish them much joy.  JACOBSON-WARD.  mort beauti  e decorated'  home* aad   building* are decorated with AUbwtine.  ���������     Alabaatine five* tone, elegance and bnlbaacy  to the walla.   Alabaatine i* eaaUy applied.    Iu* we  cold water and a flat bruah.    Alabastine colon are  permanent, and will not rub off.   It ia a eament, and  gradually become* harder and harder with age.   Aa  Alabaatine wall can be re-coated without       ���������  removing (he old coat.   Alabaatine wJta  make a room lighter and more cheerful.  And no wall i* ao sanitary uan Alabaatine wall.    No disease germ or insect  can live or  breed in Alabaatine walla.  Come in and   we will   show   you  many beautiful  specimens   of Alabastine beauty.  FREE STENCILS  These free stencils are worth  from 50c to 81.00. They enable yon  to more beautifully decorate your  home.   Call in and learn particr'���������  You Need  We Supply  ALRBASTINE  ������������������ :    -: .���������'���������������������������', V::'Y  For a small cost you can  add a considerable value  to your house by using  the  celebrated  Alabastine  We have one of .the most  Complete Hardware  Stores in town  Let us fill your wants  W.   R  2337 WESTMINSTER AVE.  TELEPHONE 447  Notable among the~weddings of the  early spring ��������� in Mount Pleasant was  that of Miss Nellie Ward and Mr. Carl  Jacobson, which took place Tuesday  evening at 7 o'clock at the residence  of Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Ward, in the  presence of friends and relatives.  The bride and her attendants entered  to the strains of the wedding march  and were met at the bridal arch by  the groom and best man, Mr. Robert  C. Ward, and the officiating clergyman, Rev. J. W. Woodside of Mount  Pleasant Presbyterian Church, n The  bride was handsomely gowned in cream  silk cashmere with'., a tunic trimmed  with cream lace ornaments and .carried a shower bouquet of white carnations and asparagus fern. The filmy  tulle veil was held in place with" a  wreath of orange blossoms. Miss Etta  Ward, bridesmaid, was gowned in blue  voile with silk trimmings. Little  Agnes Ward, sister of the bride, was  the flower girl and wore - a French  dress of Persian lawn with pink hair  ribbons and pink sash, and carried a  basket of pink carnations,. The bride's  travelling costume was; of navy blue  chiffon broadcloth with black hat trimmed with plumes. The wedding presents were numerous and were both  beautiful and useful. After the wedding supper, Air. and Mrs. Jacobson  left for a short bridal trip. On their  return they will be at home to their  many friends at their, residence,. Head  street, Victoria. ^  THE LADIES ARE SPECIALLY7  INVITED Tb ATTEND *  March'% 10, II  Store open Friday & Saturday Evenings fo 10  Miss Curie  i: 2636 Main Street  ^i}Mt'it������������t"l''l'^4'>I"!''I'<>>IMIMli,tMtMIMi'iIiiIMSMlMlMll  *    Vancouver  .l..M"E*-H"N^'M"v*'H^H<"������'M'<"  "Woman is very unreasonable," said  a venerable Justice of the Peace. "I  remember that my wife and I were  talking over oiir affairs one day, and  we agreed that it had come to the  point where we must both economize.  "Yes, my dear." I said to my wife, "we  must both economize, both!" "Very  well, Henry,"  she said, with a tired  lair of submission, "you shave yourself,  .'and I will cul youfihair."  Corner 22nd  and Kathleen Ave  own  612 Hastings; W.  2343 Main St  Phone8195  Phone 7192  ���������:.vaS'SSC--fWtS

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