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The Western Call Oct 14, 1910

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Array k)';k-k$k  Legislative Assembly  ARE YOU ON OUR LIST?  NO! WHY?  SUBSCRIPTION $1 A YEAR  IN ADVANCE  Vancouver City, Moutnt Pleasant, South Vancouver and The Province  VOLUME II  VANCOUVER, British Columbia?: OCT.   14  1910.  No. 23  MODERN GARIBALDI REFORM NEEDED  IN OUR PRISONS  Signor Nathan, Mayor of Rome, Replies te Pope.  We print below the statement of ' the  Mayor of Rome,  Signor  I      Nathan, which  is the  most significant  statement  made since the  |,     time of Luther regarding tlie relation of* the Church to a man's personal liberty, and is equal to the utterances of the great patriot,  Garibaldi.    The Mayor says: .     ���������,   .  "I am not ihe author or inventor of a plan to banish from the  schools and seminaries the whole of the daijy press, nor have I  imagined solemn condemnations of Christian Democracy, the  Modernists, and Sillonists, and all those who are anxiously seeking  the faith which reconciles the intellect and the heart, tradition and  evolution, science and religion, nor have ^moulded together dogma,  ritual and religion, thus denying the consolation of faith to those  who could not blindly submit to the changeable instructions and  will of man, nor have I tailed in respect for other people's beliefs  or lacked regard for the pontiff as a man called to the highest office  wno. within the limits of his heart and intellect, sacrifices his whole  be:;;;: for the love of good, according to the dictates of his conscience/'  Signor Nathan goes on to say that, as the "supreme pontiff, from  the height of the chair of St. Peter, has the duty to tell truth as it  seems to him, so also the Mayor of Rome, in view of the breach  which ended the temporal power, has the equal duty before his fellow citizens to delineate a new political and civil era. The offence  taken by the Pope did not arise from his (Signor Nathan's) words,  but from facts which were advancing inevitably, with surer steps,  as the dawning day of a new Italy, to illuminate the rpad to anxious  travellers. These facts, guiding the peoples of the earth, were ruled  by the laws governing the universe, they were above both pontiff  and Mayor. ; 7  "If I have offended the law," says the Mayor in conclusion,v  "I will answer it before the courts; if I have offended in my duty  to my office, the citizens must judge me; if I have offended against  religion, my tranquil conscience, without any intermediary, will  answer before Ood."  "If I were to give you an orange," saida prominent judge, "I  would simply say, 'I give you the orange.' But should the transfer  be entrusted to'a lawyer to put in writing, he would adopt this  ."form: ������������������. -���������' *���������"���������"        ��������� - ' ������������������ ' v . ^.'  7, :���������*' 'I hereby give, grant and convey to you all my interest, right,  Ttitle and advantage of and in said orange, together with its rind,;  skin, juice and pits, arid all rights and advantages therein, with full  ,~ power to bite,-Brick���������--tit-otherwise eat th* same, or g&e away with  fr or without rind, skin, juice, pulp or pits, anything herein before or  in any other deed or deeds, instruments of any kind, or nature whatsoever to the contrary, iu any wise notwithstanding.' "  ON UNDERSTANDING PROTECTION.  (Collier's Weekly.)  The Canadian Manufacturers' Association breathes a fear that  lthe-'"Western farmer does not understand  protection.    He  nnder-  fetands it all right, because he feels it. and, as Solomon says, the  Kieart leaps quicker to understanding than the mind.    He understands it, moreover, because he knows it is the opposite of free trade,  land every man child, and woman child for that matter, is born into  this world a free trader.   Free trade is the natural thing, protection  is_ltoo often���������the necessary evil.    Young men, studying political  Jeeonomy in the abstract, come out of college free traders, but selfish  Interests switch them off the track, and they get back to their ideal  Lnly when they are old and rich enough to afford it.   Free trade is  la universal instinct much thwarted J>y_Ji?^ <^pedignts of statpmen  land the greed of industrial, captains.    Protection is something to  feet along with  so long as we cannot  get along without���������like  a  knosquito net.   It has no real friends except the few it benefits.    If  foassanio's plea read:   "Do a great wrong to do a little right," instead of the other way round, it would about comprise the whole  Irgument for protection.    Some of the most ardent protectionists  |n theorv are free traders in personal practice.   Why do trust-made  Iriillionaires and their wives try to beat the customs on jewelry,  |aces and European bric-a-brac, if smuggling is wrong and free trade  Is false doctrine?    Free trade is human nature and protection is  lomething quite different.   The Western farmer knows all about it,  |#nt his voice is a still, small., unorganized one crying in the wilder-'  (jess.    The Canadian  Manufacturers'  Association  talks more  like  Itself when it savs:   "The wheel that creaks the loudest is the wheel  hat gets the grease."   More protection ?   Why not more advertising  Instead ? .  GREATER VANCOUVER.  , Tlie Greater Vancouver idea was advanced a step this week, the  [j'ity Council committee having met and roughly outlined a basis for  Irr'iving at the conditions of "union."  .. A cursory review of the situation would suggest that the positions of the city. South Vancouver and Point Grey were fairly equal  k regards a comparison of the assessed value of land and the bonded  jdebtedness. that is after deducting from the city's indebtedness  lie debt of the trunk water system and intakes, the bridges over  false Creek, which are for general benefit, and the City Hospital,  lhhich is also general. It-is probable that South Vancouver would  |- entitled to about $200,000 and Point Grey to about $150,000, but  i this point there is no definite data to hand as yet, but the City  rmtroller is iioav compiling a statement.  As regards the "tram franchise," which is b.v far the most  taportant. the committee are preparing a scheme to submit to the  Impany.   The chairman of the committee. Aid. Stevens, suggested  lat the consolidation should be effected upon an actuary's valua-  bn of the different franchises.   He also suggested that a sinking  jind be created at once to assist in the purchase of the"tram system  Id lighting system.    Aid. MacPherson suggested  that the city's  lirtion of the tram earnings compose this fund;   this was favored.  nt the chairman pointed out that this was so small that it would  \i be of any very great assistance, and he further suggested that  [certain portion of the regular assessment be set apart for this  Urpose.    The committee also decided that as soon as they could  Jssibly get the data, that they would then meet the 13. C. Electric  rd the other committees from South Vancouver and Point Grey,  f prepare a tentative charter for a Greater Vancouver, to be sub-  jtted to the electors in the form of a plebiscite and if possible get  [through the next sitting of the Provincial Legislature.  Oliver Goldsmith, in his famous story of "The Vicar of Wakefield," utters sentimentsV.oncerning prison reform which are worthy  of our serious thought to-day.   They are as follows:  "And it were highly to be wished that legislative power would  thus direct the law rather to reformation than severity.. That it  would seem convinced that the work, of eradicating crimes is not  by making punishments familiar, but formidable. Then, instead  of our present prisons, which find or make men guilty, which enclose  wretches for the^. commission of one crime, and return them, if  returned alive, fitted for the perpetration of thousands; we should  see, as in other parts of Europe, places of penitence and solidude,  where the accused might be attended by such as could give them  repentance, if guilty, or new motiyes of virtue if innocent. And  this, but riot the increasing punishments, is the way to mend a  state."    ���������- ���������'.;'  ' .��������� ' k^m  "It is among the citizensspf^ Jrefined community that penal  laws, which are in the hands of the^rrich, are laid upon the poor.  Government, while it grows older, seems to acquire the moroseness  of age f arid if our poverty were become dearer in proportion as it  increased, as if the more enormous our wealth the1 more extensive  our fears, all our .possessions are paled up with new edicts every  day, and hung round >yith gibbets to rseare every invader."  "I cannot tell whether it is from the number of our penal  laws, or the licentiousness of our people, that this country should  show more convicts in a year than half the dominions of Europe  united. .Perhaps it is owingvto both; for they mutually produce  each other. When, by indiscriiriinate-ipenal laws, a nation beholds  the same punishment affixed to dissimiliar degrees Of guilt, from'  perceiving no distinction in the penalty, the people are led to lose  all sense of distinction in the crime, and this distinction is the bulwark of all morality 7 Thus the multitude" of laws produce new  vices, and new Vices call for fresh restraints,"  'It were to be wished, theft, that power, instead of contriving  new laws to punish vice, instead of drawing hard the cords of society  till a convulsion came to bunt them, instead of cutting away  wretches as useless before we havef.-trieii their utility, instead of  converting correction into vengeance. ;jt were to be wished that we  tried the restrictive arts of government,aiu] made the law protector, but not the tyrant of the people. We should then find that  creatures whose souls are held as dtt^s only wanted the hand of a)  refiner; we should then find thaf ^  tortures," lest luxury should- feel 7a? momentary pang, might, if  properly treated, serve to sinew the state in times of danger; that as  their faces are like ours, their hearts are so too; that few minds  are so base as that perseverance cannot amend; that a man may  see his last crime without dying for it; and very little blood will  serve to redem our security."  JUDGE MABEE  C. P. R. Should be Under His Control.  Judge Mabee, chairman of the Railway Commission, does not  mince words. His speech cuts as a knife. His investigations are  deep judicial probings. Examining the question of telegraph rates  at Winnipeg, information from witnesses did riot come as readily  as desired. "We must know how much capital there was invested  in your company," said the chairman. "We must understand  what its relation has been to the old companies. We must understand how much actual money vvas put in, not wind and water,  We must know what the actual receipts from the various offices  are! There is no other way in which to determine whether the rates  charged by the company are fair."  If it were possible to bring the C.-'P. R. under the influence of  this commission and its able chairman, there would be a chance for  the citizens of the Dominion to get what is their just due.  The C. P. R. have been dodging the issue of taxation for many  years. They have been able by a system of increasing their capital  stock periodically to claim exemption from certain'obligation which,  if justice were done, they would be forced to assume. At present  they do not come under the control of the Railway Commission,  but if it were possible to have such a man as Judge Mabee prob  their affairs, there is every prospect that their arrogant defiance  of justice would cease.  CITY ENGINEER.  ;  WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION  The report of a parliamentary committee of the Canadian  Manufacturers' Association, presented at the annual convention,  referred to the question of workmen's compensation.  "There seems to be a general tendency to stiffen up legislation  on the subject of workmen's compensation," said the report.  "There is, of course, no denying the fact that the compensation  laws as a whole are in a most unsatisfactory state, whether viewed  from the standpoint of the employer or of the employee. While  your committee are not in a position to bring in any recommendations  they are inclined to believe that there is a good deal of justice in  the..contention...put,fo^  which is little more than sufficient to support his family, and who,  while engaged in his regular occupation, suffers injury through no  fault of his own, should be entitled to compensation of some sort  without having to fight his case through the courts. They feel  therefore, that the association should be prepared to make some  concessions. The tendency, however, on the part of organized labor  is to press for legislation which will carry things to the other extreme. If the matter could be compromised by relieving from all  further claims for compensation tho.se employers who insure their  pay roll up to the extent of a year and a half's wages, it would  seem as though a solution of the difficulty could be reached, for in  that event the cost, of insurance could be accurately ascertained by  the employer beforehand, and provision made for the same, while  the employee in the event of an accident would receive the compensation to whicii he was entitled without having to have recourse  to legal process." ;  MINNIE APOLIS vs. WINNIE PEG.  "Monetary   Times."  2v*:i  As a crowning example of the utter incompetence of the present  city engineer we have simply to look to Kitsilano. Third avenue  was the only open street between York street and Fifth avenue, and  last week during the rajny weather it was impossible to get through  any of these streets and all traffic was diverted to Third avenne.  But imagine the surprise and chagrin of the residents of that district  when on Monday last the engineer actually proceeded to deliberately  tear up Third avenue and that street is now impassable. The situation is aggravated by the fact that none of the cross streets are  passable.  ..,  The whole trouble is that there is an absolute absence of  "system." Neither the engineer nor the Board of Works have ever  attempted to formulate a systematic scheme of doing the work of  the city^ ������������������ ���������;:" ';���������"���������''���������' ''X  There is only one thing to do and that is to make an issue of  the engineering problem at the next election arid place such men  in charge as will be pledged beyond all doubt to remedy this insufferable state; of affairs. , ' ,.    >  QOQVi REAPING POPUIAR.  The New York Sun furnishes some rather surprising but quite  cheering statistics as to the kind of literature that is popular on the  East Side of New York City.   The Sun assures us that both as a  good seller and in the lending libraries the Bible actually exefcls all  other book in popularity.   One library has no less than fifty copies  of the Scriptures, and these are all in constant circulation.    Of  course, this would seem to imply that there are many homes and  individuals that do not possess a copy of the Bible, but nevertheless  there is a very wholesome side to it.   And the Sun also assures, us  that after the Bible comes the good old standard novels of Dickens,  Scott, Thackery, Bulwer-Lytton, and Jane Austen, and that such  books as these are very much more in demand than are many of the  modern and more trashy stories.   "Two copies of the latest thriller  will suffice on the Rivingtou Street circulation shelf, where from  twenty-live to thirty copies of David Copperfield are not enough  to meet the demand," says the Sun.   Even Shakespeare and Ruskin  circulate quite freely.    If the literary taste of this section of the  great metropolis-is anything liketheSun"''sa'ys^it"'1's7ilien"lliTEasV~  Side is bound to climb up.   Few things are more mightily effective  in giving character and stamina to a people than good reading, and,  on the other hand, few things will sooner and more surely devitalize  and vitiate and coarsen a people than the constant reading of trash.  If the poor on the East Side are reading good books it will not be  long till they will be changing places with some of the well-to-do  who/are making a market  for the wares of the modern writer of  rotten literature.  The "Christian World," London.is authority for the statement  that the Poor Law costs Great Britain $75,006,000 a year, while  probably an even larger amount is expended yearly on charity.  The satisfaction that one might have at the thought of such gigantic  ��������� ���������'-���������  ���������...���������..������..........   L....u v...v,  iui^iii  iicitv.  tn, nil,   inwii^ni   ui sutii   gigciiii.ii;  expenditure  for the  relief of poverty  is  tempered   by  the  other  bought that sometimes poverty is a colossal social sin.���������"Guardian."  th  rem  Minnie Apolis is badly offended at some of Winnie Peg's recent J  arks. Minnie and Winnie are neighbors, although they live on  different sides of the international boundary line. Besides that  they are both interested in wheat. It. was not entirely Winnie's  fault. In fact, the incident was due to the statement of one of  Winnie's young men, to wit, George Fisher, retiring president of  the Grain Exchange of our Western metropolis. He said that the  exchange had handled the largest crop last year that has ever been  grown in Western Canada, and for the first time in their history  thev were now the largest actual wheat market on the North American continent. Of wheat they had handled 88,269.000 bushels,  Minnie Apolis followed with 81,111,000 bushels. When friends  telegraphed this information, Minnie Apolis tossed her head and  said that, mildly speaking. George Fisher's statement was pure  fiction, adding that she received 101,600,000 bushels.of wheat between September 1st, 1909, and August 31st, 1910, in which period  Winnie Peg received 88.269.000 bushels. The mistake seems to have  arisen by comparing Winnie's crop year with Minnie's calendar  year. George will, of course, apologise and the two sisters become  friends again. ���������  WAKE UP, BRITISH INVESTORS!  (Standard of Empire.)  Mr. Harry Brittain, who has been making a tour of Canada in  the company of a number of British capitalists, has arrived here  from the Pacific coast on his way to England. He urges British investors to lose no time in making a thorough investigation of commercial openings in the Canadian West. United States financiers,  he says, are investing heavily in Canadian securities.  BRITISH COLUMBIA ELECTRIC STOCK ISSUE.  The directors of the British Columbia Electric Railway Company. Limited are offering to tho holders of the 4'/-; per cent.  Vancouver power debentures of that company, the right to exchange! '  each ������.100 Vancouver power debenture for ������102'/L' of the company's  4'4 per cent, perpetual consolidated debenture stock and a cash  payment of -tl in respect of interest. As the present market price  of the 4'4 debenture stock, and the present market price of the  Vancouver Power Debentures is 101% with only a restricted market,  this offer (including the cash payment) to the holders of, the Van- ���������  couver Power Debentures is equivalent to a premium or" ~>V^ per  cent, on the amount of the debentures held by them, in addition  to which they will be obtaining a readily marketable security in  exchange for one in which the market is" restricted.  NEW ZEALAND'S FORESTS.  New Zealand has for some vears past boon encaged in carrviug  out an extensive scheme of afforestation to provide against the  depletions caused by the growth of the saw-milling industry. For  a portion of this work State prisoners are employed, camps controlled by gaol officials being formed near the sites of the various  nurseries and plantations. The planting is supervised by experts,  and in Rotorua alone more than 24,000.000 trees have been permanently planted out by prison labor. Not only have the results been  satisfactory from the point of view of afforestation, but also the conditions of the camp life are said to exercise a most beneficial influence on the characters of the prisoners.  The foregoing is a splendid suggestion and could be acted upon  with profit by Canadian authorities. There is a general tendency  towards prison reform in this country, which naturally lends itself  to just such suggestions as above. mkm^kmjkkm::^  ,7  ip.ii.ji^.: ��������� ��������������� .   -���������;. iTrvWn"-  THE WESTERN CALL, VANCOUVE   R. BRITISH COLUMBIA.  Mount Pleasant Livery  NEW STABLES - - NEW EQUIPMENT  2545 HOWARD STREET   ���������-     -     PHONE 845  HACKS, BROUGHAMS, SURREYS,  SINGLE AND DOUBLE DRIVERS.  Night Orders promptly attended to.  Paper Hanging and Kalsomining  965-Sm AVE , WEST FAIRVIEW  Interior Decorating, Sign Painting and Hardwood Polishing  HOUSES  FOR SALE  Mrs. Fraser  Ladies' Dressmaking Parlors.  Strictly High Grade Workmanship  2456 MAIN ST.  COMPULSORY      ARBITRATION.  I William R. Webb HarokS E. Brockwel'f  TELEPHONE 3539  MIDWAY ELECTRIC CO.  ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS  529 Broadway W  VANCOUVER, B. Cf  [ Electrical Chandeliers  . Bells, Fittings, House wiring  ' Motor Wiring and Repairing  ; Telephone  Systems  1.  i  I  I  i  Wl PPDffV P^ Hanger, Painter  i Ji ILIA-II       and Decorator  ������  SPECIALIST in all kinds of Interior and Decorative Work, Churches, Schools, etc.  12022 Westminster Ave.  Moderate charges  Estimates given  #��������������� > #"������ ��������� ������������������������������'���������'! He��������������� t'<"������'i|i'������'������'������ f������ #'������'Q-������'iSi't'i|i't'  f*^$l-������t|f������wy.^i|ii,i jii.ii^i,ii|1^<3i.������w|i^w|>  _!__!__ FURNITURE  El__iS������  Phone R3755    -  Ellis A Tinwwoll  OORRCR Wh AYf a mSTMIRSTFR ROAR  Upholstering and Draperies;   Easy Chairs and Settees mec'e to order  Mattresses made and repaired.       Window Seats, Cosy Corners, ^  Boa; Cushions, Etc.       Slip Covers.                 -  . ������  ESTIMATES GIVEN. T  p  CO  c. a c.  G.B.C.  C.B.C  C.P.C.  c.c.  ���������������������������������������������-������������������_������������������-������������������������������������������������������-������������������������������������_������������������������������������__���������   . SSSmSMmm'mWSaMjaSmmWa  - ^.I_K)ng_lot runninglhrough from 15th to 16th, between park  to Victor a Drives, with lane alongside wholelengthV~facin|_r   "  on both streets.   Can be divided into 2 lots.    Price 018QQ.  $800 cash; 6 and 12 months or builders' terms.  CITY BROKERAGE CO.  Branch-164 Broadway ������.     0. E. PIERROT tyjr.  The failure of the Board of Conciliation to prevent the strike on the Grand  Trunk Railway emphasizes the necessity of compulsory arbitration. The  business of a railway is different froir:  that oi an ordinary industry. Tbe railway is today what the King's highway  was to a country a hundred years ago,  only of much greater importance.  Railways are the highways of commerce and in Canada to-day they furnish the only means of communication  between the east and the west.  They cannot be built except by the  permission of the Government and by  the delegation of Governmental pow-  i. ers. In addition to this, all. Canadian  railways have been liberaly bonused  and subsidized, all of which takes  them ont of the class of ordinary commercial undertakings and justifies the  government in exercising a control  over them wbicr would be intolerable  if used over individuals, or ordinary  unprivileged business concerns.  The Government now exercises  some control of the freight rates and  the tendency is to materially increase  this control.  Railways are absolutely essential,  not only to progress, but to the very  existence of civilization, and to allow  either the companies or the employees to disorganize our system of transportation because of differences as to  wages, or anything else, is sheer folly.  All disputes should be submitted to  a properly constituted tribunal, the  decision of which should be binding  on both sides alike.  An apparent difficulty arises here:  such a decision may be capable of  being enforced against a company, but  would it not be the height of tyranny  to compel men to work for lower  wages than what they wanted or under conditions objectionable to them?  Undoubtedly it would, but this  would not be necessary.' The award  should only be binding on the labor  union, as such. Individuals might ignore it, but without the legal right of  support from the union, there could  be no organized opposition and a  strike would be impossible.    '  :,-if���������"������������������  Of course we are discussing things  as they 'are. Under just conditions,  wehn everyone had access to natural  opportunities, if the railway company  did not pay enough to satisfy their  men, there would be no strike. The  employees would simply leave the jobs  and find more profitable employment  elsewhere, and by this natural process the railway company, as well, as  other employers would have to pay  what was right, or be without men.  All such questions as to the hours  of labor and the conditions of employment would be settled in the natural  way, that is, unless a things were satisfactory to the workers, and the pa?  on an equitabe basis, the opportunit.  to employ themselves would be take*  advantage of,""and"'"employenT would J  be compelled to seek for men instead  of men seeding employment as now  ���������"Square Deal."  * * * The passengers are jammed into dirty street cars like cattle.  The goads used upon the street car  cattle are such verbal ones as "Step  lively" and ".Move up in front." That's  the chief difference. And there is as  yet no humane society to protect street  \ railway passengers from cruel treatment.  C.B.C  C.B.C  C.B.C.  C.B.C.  C.B.C.  I JUL  mmsemnesemssm-msmtmmm  sheet mt mm  FOR  ESTIMATES  Hot  ON  Roofing Skylight  Air  Heating,   Cornice Work,  and Mill Work.  We handle the   "New Rival Furnace" which  giving  excellent satisfaction.  18  TRY US  | 240 BROADWAY WEST        W. ������. Peebles, Prop  HOW GERMAN STREET RAILWAYS  SHAME US.  Applicable to Vancouver.  An excellent commentary on tbe  prevalent criticism of American street  railway service is supplied by tbe  Engineering News, which prints in its  editorial correspondence a letter from  C. W. B.,  who has  been  spending a \ fare than  In Germany not once in all his  street railway riding d;d C. W. B. see  a crowded car. While American street  railways provide for increased traflic  by putting on larger and heavier cars,  the Germans meet the same problem  by running trains of two or three cars  which offer a choice between closed  and open carp and enable the German street railways to do what no  American street railway ever pretends to do���������provide a seat for every  passenger who wishes to sit down.  Also, the German cars are clean; the  uniforms of the employees are immaculate; and the men themselves are  courteous to a degree that, as C. W.  B. remarks, "leaves an American dissolved in astonishment.'^ There were  many other points in the Germans' favor noted by him. For example, he  says:  When I travel on iny home street  railway and the car comes to a  switch, a stop is made while the motorman takes the long switch-operating rod out of the front compartment  where he keeps it. Then he either  gets out of the car or pokes the rod  out of the front window and turns  the switch. Then he puts back the  rod and starts the car ahead.  On a German car the motorman carries the switch-operating rod on the  front of the car outside, where it is  held by a socket and latchr When  he comes to a switch, therefore, he  can release the rod and turn the  switch and replace the rod "in a fifth  of the time the motorman on an American car requires.  ��������� "7 ���������  Another point that bothers Americans in connection with their street  railways, especially in going from one  city to another, is whether the cars  will stop on the near or oh the far  side of the street. In Germany, the  stopping-places are plainly marked by  neat enameled signs along the sidewalk, and. except at junctions with  other street railways, are located at  some distance from the street cor-  ners. C. W. B. believes that the adoption of such a'. system in America  would obviate four-fifths of the complaints of motormen not stopping  when signalled; and it might result  in a saving of time that would avoid  the high-speed runs between stops,  and the quick starts and sudden  checks that are as annoying to the  passengers as they are injurious to  the equipment.  In justice to the American street  railway manager, Q. W. B. confesses  his belief that the brusque "Step  Lively!!' of the American conductor is  just as truly typical, of- us- as a people  as the politeness of the German conductor is of, the German nation. Must  we not, he asks, as a nation learn the  art of good manners before we indict  our street railway managers because  their conductors do not say "Please"  and "Thank you"?  Street railways in German cities of  moderate size give a far superior service to any in America, and, with far  smaller traffic, carry passengers short  distances for half tbe fare charged by  American companies. As C. W. B. ad^  raits, however, the American lines,  give much longer rides for a single  Is customary in Germany,  r  in  1  WILL TRADE  FOR LOTS  ������___FINE MODERN 6-ROOM HOUSE  with furnace and hall and stairs panelled and  burlapped, on 33 foot lot to lane, on 13th Ave., -  only a few blocks from Main St.   Price $4500  Cash $1500,  balance over 5 years.  Will exchange for building lots in in or near city  What have you to offer?  A. W. GOODRICH & CO.  REAL    ESTATE,  Phone 4672 KK  LOANS    AND    INSURANCE  2450 Westminster Ave.  J  short time in half a dozen German  cities���������Cologne, Mayenee, and Stras-  burg being three of them���������and who  says that he wishes he had with him  in Germany the manager of the street  railways in his own home town in  America,, to whom he would like to  put a few questions with the view of  discovering why there is such a contrast between the street railways of  these German cities and his own at  home. The indictment be brings  against the New Jersey corporation  which runs the latter is -as follows:  Its cars are dirty and overcrowded.  They are insufficient in number to ac-';l  commodate the traffic, not only at the  rush hours of the day but at other  times. They are run at astonishingly  irregular intervals. Often one waits  for a long time for a car to come  along, and then three or four will pass  in a bunch. The conduct of the employees is a constant source of complaint. The handling of the controller  and of tbe brakes is such that the  cars are generally stopped with a  jerk and started with a surge ahead  that sends   the  whole  mass  of  strap  and the demand here is for these long  rides. r  A DRUGGISTS DISCUSSION.  A convention of the National Retail  Druggists' Association met last w<se..  in Pittsburg. Pa., and discussed the  question of abuse of the liquor-selling  privileges which druggists enjoy. The  Associated Press despatches say that:  President C. H. Huhn, of Minneapolis, in his address declared war on the  indiscriminate sale of liquors in drug  stores, announced that a reform must  be brought about by the pharmacists.  Later in the day the Ohio Pharma -'  ceutical Association presented a resolution protesting against the laws re-  quiring druggists to tai.e out a liquor  license to enable them to sell whiskey  on prescription, "thus classifying the  drug store as a saloon, while another  law forbids the sale of intoxicating  preparations without a    prescription.'  The Chicago delegation demands the  hangers swaying backward.   The fail- change of the name "wood alcohol" to  ure  of  motormen  to  stop  when   sig- "wood naphtha." that "tipplers    may  nailed is a constant exasperation, par- not be led-by the similarity of names  ticularly on parts of the system where to drink the poisonous wood   alcohol  cars are nm at infrequent intervals. instead of whiskey."  PRAIRIE PRODUCE CO.  Phone 3973 - - 1941 Westminster Avenue.  New Laid Eggs -      -       -       -       -      ���������     4oc doz.  Orange Creamery Butter      ���������       -      -       3 lbs. for $l 00  Prairie Rose Creamery Butter -       - 3 lbs. for %\ 00  Fresh Alberta Dairy Butter        -     -      - 30c lb.  Fresh Alberta Dairy Butter in tubs        -      -      28c lb. ">  Fresh Buttermilk at all times.  Leave us your name and address and we will call on you' twice  week.  i  i  Phone 4607  McGowen & Salter  THE   DON  NOTICE  Owing to alterations at our old store, we have moved  our stock temporarily to  2638 WESTMINSTER AVE. (SSSTSS)  MILK, CREAM & BUTTER FRESH DAILY AS USUAL.  PHONE 845  PHONE 845  Morris Jelly  EXPRESS and BAGGAGE  Mount  Pleasant Livery  Your wants attended to with the utmost despatch and v ith a most  courteous treatment.  ���������^<fi.I'<i iti4������tw|^t4'!t**^4><MI,'#*i*���������'*S^4MJ>4,4Mi'  #  t  This is the place for Groceries, if you want what you  ask for and want it delivered when you say.   Phone  L5065  and you wij^not be disap- |  pointed.  We do not carry any  cheap specials, but we guarantee what we handle snd  think that when it cones to  tie food question the best  is none too good.  &AXB ACT.  YOU CAN ALSO GET THE BEST  OF MEAT NEXT DOOR.  *  Take notice that I, W. J. Pascoe, of  Vancouver, B. C, occupation Broker, Intend to apply for permission to purchase,  the following described  lands:���������    ,  Commencing at a post planted at the  North-west corner of District Lot 1496,  on the East shore of Howe Sound, thence  East 20 chains: thence North 40 chains:  i  thence East 20 chains;  thence North 40 .J  chains; thence West 20 chains, more or'  less,   to   the   shore   line;   thence   PDuth- ,1  westerly, following the meander of said J  shore  line,   80  chains,   more  or  less,  to  point of commencement,  containing 160  acres, more or less.  WILLIAM JOHN PASCOE.  February 4th. 1910.  land Ad  New  Westminster  Land   District  District of New Westminster.  TAKE notice that Ida M. S. Debou, of  Vancouver,   B.   C,   intends   to   apply   fori  ^permission   to   purchase   the   following /I  described  lands:��������� ���������   f|  Commencing at a post planted at the  Northeast corner of T.  L. 26256; thence  40 chains,  more or less, East; thence 80/  chains,  more  or   less,   North;   thence  40 ���������  chains,   more   or   le^s,   West;   thence  20,1  chains,  more  or  less    North;   thence  20 r  chains,   more   .or   less.West;   thence   20  chains,   more or   less.  South;   thence  10(1  chains,   more   or   less," East; ^ thence   49'J  chains,  more  or  less,   South;   thence  40>l  chains,   more   or   less,    ,Ve-;t;   thence   4f>j  chains,   more  or  less.   South;   thence   80  chains,   more   or   less,   East   to  point  o  i commencement    containing   six   hundre  and forty  (040)  acres, more or less.  IDA M. S. DEBOU,  Name of Applicant.  William John Pascoe, Agent.  Date, April loth, 1010.  CASH GROCER |  Cor. 7th Avenue, W-  and Columbia Street  I  _AWJ> ACT. ,.  New   Westminster   L,and   District.     /|  District of New Westminster.  TAKE notice that Ella DebOo, of Vancouver,  B.  C,  occupation nurse, intends  to apply for permission  to purchase the  following- described lands:��������� ���������  Commencing at a post planted at the!  Northeast corner of" T. L. 2002V; "thencel  80 chains,  more or  less,  North;  thencel  SO chains, more or less. West; thence 801  chains,   more  or   less,   South;   thence  801  chains,  more or less    East,  to point of  commencement,   containing   six   hundf  and forty   /640) acres, more or less,  ELLA DEBOO,  Name of Applicant, j  William John Pascoe, Agent  Date. April 15th. 1910.  ������*������*������*������*������*������*������*������*������*������'l������} ������*������* , =  ICE CREAM;;  For LAWN PARTIES ������-d SOCIALS  per gallon, $2.00  Special Discount to Frater- $  nal   Orders   and  Churches.  LAND ACT  New Westminster Land District. 7  District of New Westminster.  TAKE notice that I, Irving L. Bail  of Vancouver, B. C. occupation woo*  dealer, intend to apply for permission  to 'purchase the   following   describe*  lands: Commencing at a fcost planted  at the north-east corner of   Lot   It  thence north 20 chains, thence west &  chains, thence south 20 chains, thentj  east 80 chains more or less to point  commencement.  PROPERTY OFF THE MARKET, j  . ersons cow having listed propert]  as follows: Lots 28, 29:224, 526 takj  notice tbat the same is hereby wit  drawn. This property has been defl  ciibed and is known as 214, 3rd av������  W. A. Si GOARD.  NOTICE.  Independent  D  *  \rug  ^)ore  (Lepatourel & mcRae)  s*<  Cor. 7th & Westminster  Avenues  *  *  I  ������;������i'*t  On and after September 15th, 19l]  all deliveries of coal made by t}  undersigned companies will be on  cash basis only. Cash to aecompai,  the order or to be paid to the tear  ster on delivery.  While we'very much regret havir  to t������ke this action, especially wij  the trade of our customers who hal  dealt with us on a credit basis tl  years past, yet we find that on accoui  of the enormous growth of Vancoul  the expense of keeping credit accounj  for so many sraall items has becoi  prohibitive.  .MACDONALD MARPOLE & CO. L_|  H. P. HOWELL & CO., Ltd.  VANCOUVER COAL CO.  EVANS COLEMAN It EVANS, Ltd.{  1 k^mkrfi  I  I BE SURE AND SEE OUR STOCK OF  STOVES, RANGES, HEATERS, Etc.  I BEFORE   BUYING  ELSEWHERE.  One of the Most Up=to=Date Stocks  On   the Hill  i  J Agents for  I    SHIRWIN=WILLIAMS PAINTS and VARNISH  G. E. McBRIDE & CO.  U Cor. 16th and Westminster Aves. |  *mmnsman������mmaaaassmmassmmmmmmmsam ������������������_������M-_������������_M������������MWMMMMaJP  Hcrar k'iHH PRACTICALHQRSESHOER ii  V/-_5^dl     IvlVlW   Special attention given to Lame    J[  ��������� and Inerfering Horses. ]!  Between SUth-nd seventh     PR|NCE     EDWARD     STREET     l  2410  Westminster R'd  MT. PLEASANT  VANCOUVER  RUBBER TIRE WORK A SPEC I ALT  STEELE C&  MUIR  CARRIAGE WORK; GENERAL BLACKSMITH ING  HORSE SHOEING,   JOBBING  RELICS OF 1773.  After Mr. Mc'N'ab and the   party   of  friends with him had decided that the  massacre took place in a certain bend  in Grass Cove��������� a conclusion to which  they came by  comparing the locality  with the description "given in   Cook's  papers���������they went ashore and    spoke  to a settler Mr.   Greensill.   who   was  living on the spot, regarding any evidences  of  the massacre that lie  may  have seen.    Mr. Greensill said he had  dug up. in his garden an old flint lock  a barrel, a bayonet, and some   other  kind of weapon he was unable to identify.     This latter weapon Mr. McNab  at once identified as an officer's hanger, which was doubtless the one   used  by Midshipman  Rowe.  who    was    iu  charge of the boat's crew.    There was  a description of the sword given in tin5,  accounts, and they corresponded with  that hanger that   Midshipman   Rowe  killed two Maoris and   wounded   the  chief before being   overpowered    and  killed.     The discovery Dlaces   beyond  a shadow of a doubt the exact locality  of the massacre, which took place on  the spot now occupied as Mr  Greens-  ill's garden in Grass Cove.      Mr.    Mc  Nab discountenances the idea that the  weapons may have been carried there  from the fact that the locality exactly  corresponds    with    the     descriptions  given by Captain Cook.  ,i ;:  ii     The best stock of ARMS, jl  ;; AMMUNITION,    CUTLERY, \.  :: -...'"������������������ o  J . and SPORTING GOODS can \;  ��������������� be found at the store of ;;  *���������������������������'��������� ..-������������������' o  ^Chos.E. JisdaMV,  ���������������        618-620 Hastings St.       \;  ������ ���������  ���������    o  ^.������4.f.|.������������������iti<i<ti������'t'������'!'������'t'*'t'������'H"l"������"  ii TORONTO !i  If it is  First Class SHOEJVIAK-  |N0 awl SHOE REPAIRING  yon want, go to ���������  R. PETERS & CO.  2511 Westminster Ave.  (Near Broadway)  We guarantee our worK to be as good  as any in the city.  Pr. A. E. WarK  DENTIST  Will open an OFFICE .in the  MATHER  BUILDING,  Coper  Westminster Ave. and 8th Ave.  about AUGUST 8th. '10  J^arge assortment of  JAPANESE BROOMS  Reg. 50c value for 25c.  m  Corner 10th and Westminster Avenue  >��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ���������  ; ^UI^NITURE STORE ; ;  < 3334 Westminster Avtnut.  Hi ."'"'���������-        7;:-  ' ' ���������������������������  ' ' mm  | I     Beds, Bed Springs and Mat* ;;  1; tresses,   Dressers and Stands, ].  ���������> Extension and Kitchen Tables, ! |  ; > Carpet Squares, Linoleums, Oil \!  j j Cloth with leather seats, Daisy !!  < | Cbairs, Sofas, Crockeryware, ,.  ��������� | Japanese Spuares, all sizes, \',  '' Hubs, lace Curtains and Poles: ,!  2! M. h. cowan. ;;  South Vancouver  BAKERY  Westminster Ave.  Cakes, Pastry  Bread. Confectionery, Etc.  Wedding and  Birthday Cakes  a specialty  HELEN   BADGLEY ��������� Teacher  of  Elocution, Physical Onlture and  fjjPraniatic Art.   Plays Coached, Enter-  ainments Directed, Platf 01 m Recitals  Studio: 992 Hornby Street  Telephone R3535.  W. A. Mullen  2440 WESTMINSTER AVE  .ICE   CREAM   PARLOR  I  RUITS, CONFECTIONERY,  CIGARS.     ALL KINDS   OF  SOFT   DRINKS  FARM FOR SALE.  25 acre Farm in the beautiful Okana-  |an Valley, half mile from town. Half  Reared Orchard and small fruits of  |ll kinds.    Nicely plastered 7-roomed  bungalow, with basement and Veran-  |a half-way around. Madera. City  later;   Barn, etc.  'First class soil. ?8000.    Terms.  i. Apply  2344  Carolina  Street.  , Vould take Vancouver property in  ayment on the place.  Call 'Ads' bring  Results  South Vancouver Bakery  CEO. HERRING, Prop.  Westminster Ave.'  IN     THE     ESTATE    OF     MARIE  ESTHER SWITZER, Deceased.  . NOTICE is hereby given that all  creditors and other having claims  against the estate of the late Maria  Esther Switzer, who died on or about  the 10th day of June, A.D. 1910, are required on or before the 10th day of  October, A. D. 1910, to send by post  prepaid or deliver to the undersigned  their christian and surnames, addresses and descriptions, full particulars of their claims, duly verified,  statement of their accounts and the  nature of the security (if any) held  by them.  AND FURTHER TAKE NOTICE  that after the above mentioned date  the administratrix of the above mentioned estate will proceed to distribute  the assets of the said deceased among  the parties entitled threto, having regard only to the claims with which  she shall then have notice. And the  administratrix will. not be liable for  the said assets or any part thereof to  any person or persons of whose claim  notice shall not have been received by  her at the time of such distribution.  Dated Vancouver, B. C, this 8th day  of September, A. D. 1910.  MacGILL & GRANT,  Solicitors for Hannah Sophia Curtis,  Administratrix.  DRASTIC MEASURES.  One of the strongest prohibition oi-  ganizations in the world is probably  the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. In an article in the September  number of the Century, written by  Charles Frederick Carter, is the fol -  lowing statement concerning this  point:  "It is safe to say that no other union, club or organization of any sort  applies quite such heroic treatment to  undesirable citizens as the Brother -  hood of Locomotive Engineers. One  thing that the brotherhood most  strenuously insists upon is that its  members shall not drink. Thirty-five  members were expelled for getting  drunk in 1909, and their shame was  publicly proclaimed in the Journal.  The treatment does not stop here, by  any means. The brotherhood will not  rink the lives of its members and the  general public by permitting a drinking nian to fun an engine. When a  man has been duly convicted of drinking, and punished according to the  taws of the order, the facts are laid be  fore the proper' authorities on the  road that employs him. and his dis  charge is demanded. In one notable  instance the engineer of a fast train  got drunk, during his lav-over and dis  graced himself. He was tried, con -  victed and expelled, the management  was informed, and the offender's discharge requested in regular form. But  as the engineer had been a good man,  the railroad company demurred, say -  ing that he had not been drunk whil*������  on duty.  "But..' said the brotherhood, 'there  is no telliiifr when a man who gets  drunk off duty may take a notion to  get drunk on duty, and we do not intend to take any chances on having a  d:unken man tearing through the  country at a rate of sixty miles an  hour, endangering the lives of others.  It is unfair bo;h to the employees In  your service and to your patrons.  ''The culprit was discharged. He  can never be employed on a railroad  again."  TEMPERANCE IN GERMANY.  The Washington Herald recently  published the following statement  made by Prof. Willy Kiepert, professor  and oberlehrer of Berlin Rixdorf, an  exchange professor of the Carnegie  Foundation, who has just finished a  course of lectures at the Chicago University on German history, literature  and other similar subjects:  "Statistics prove that the consumption of alcoholic drinks decreases  more and more from year to yeai- per  capita among the German people.  Since a decade and longer, there is  among professors and students of the  various educational institutions in the  fatherland a very strong movement  against the consuming of alcoholic  drinks in any form. This movement  is strengthened by the increasing  number of societies which cultivate  sports and athletics, which practise  not only the healthy art of fencing  known for centuries at German uni -  versities and the highly developed  "Turnen,' but also other kinds of popular open-air sports, as various ball  games, rowing, swimming, skating,  bariauf, track and other diversions.  This movement is spreading more and  more, not only at universities and colleges, but among all German people  throughout the country."  REVENUE INCREASE.  According to the official statement of  the receipts and expenditure of the  Consolidated fund for the quarter ended June 30th last, the total revenue  was ������2,4r,=5,198. Compared with the  corresponding quarter of last year, the  ordinary revenue shows an increase  of ������136,979, contributed mainly by  the Customs, stamps and railways de  partments.  ������������������Christhurch and suburbs rank second amongst the cities of the Dominion as regards population. Auckland  and suburbs head the list with 97,929,  ! Christchurch 78,605,. Wellington 76,-  390, and Dunedin 62,5S4.  The Council of the British Cotton  Growing Association have aproved of  the arrangements for the development  of cotton growing in Rhodesia, in conjunction with the British South Africa  Company. Several months ago Mr.  Bateson..one of the'Association's most  experienced agriculturists, who has  been in charge of the experimental  plantation in Lagos for some time, was  sent to Rhodesia to report upon the  suitability of the soil and climate  from a cotton growing pont of view.  RHODESIAN COTTON.  Mr. Bateson made a careful study of  the conditions in Northern Rhodesia,  and was greatly assisted in his work  by the officials of the British South  Africa Company. He reported that  there were many large districts along  the railway between Livingstone and  Broken Hill, where the conditions  were favorable for cotton growing.  There are a number of white planters,  who, with few exceptions, have not  been very successful owing mainly to  the lack of expert assistance.  In some cases the land had be,en  been made to grow cotton on sandy  and unsuitable soil, and in others the  land has been wrongly tilled. In order  that planters may receive the -necessary advice and assistance, it has been  decided: (1) To send out an expert  whose advice will be available for all  farmers in the district; (2) to open an  experimental farm for testing different varieties of cotton, rotation of  crops, fertilisers, etc., which would  also be a training farm for both Europeans and natives; (3) to establish a  ginnery with an efficient hydraulic  press available for all farmers in the  district.  It is proposed to begin work with a  plantation of about 200 acres for the  first season, which could afterwards  be extended, and by the lose of the  second sufficient data should have  been acpuired to prove whether cotton cultivation can be made a commercial success. The cotton produced in  Rhodesia is ot a very desirable quality  and has generally realised about 2d.  per lb. upon the price of middling American. It has hardly been possible as  yet to form a reliable opinion as to  the cost of production, which can only  be arrived at by taking the average  yield per acre over a number of years.  Oakley Heating & Sheet Metal Co.  Hot Water Heating a Specialty.  Hot Air Furnaces/ All Kinds of  Cornice and Sheet Metal Work.  Phone 6643  105 Broadway East  5 Minute Car Service  ON FOURTH AVENUE  Is promised for next week.     Think what  that will mean to  KITSILANO _  I have some of the best buys in the District, both homes and vacant properties.  It will pay you to see me before buying.  Jas. A.  SUITE 10      -   -    413 GRANVH4-E STREET  HiiqJiniliMt  texada ism wm mm, MM  CAPITAL, $250,000.00, in shares of par value of $1.00.  miles from the  - - *-���������������������������<���������-������������������-���������-���������  LOCATION.       --- -���������-���������  On Texada Island, 2% miles from the Town of Van Anda. and only 35  Tyee smelter at Ladysmith.   Further it is within 70 miles of Vancouver.  Good Harbor and first class wagon road.  DEVELOPMENT.  "A" shaft, 85 feet.  "B" cross-cut, 27 feet.      ' .  "C" drift. 25 feet.  "D" drift. 8 feet.  Lead 8 feet wide, traced on the surface for 700 feet. This showing is unsurpassed in this  district.  ASSAYS.  Gold, Silver, Copper, Value  Oz. Oz.               % per ton.  Julv    7.1909..: 0.06 2.80 9.00 $28.29  Jufv  13,   1909 0.16 3.26 6.87             18.13  July  17    1909 0.56 2.00 18.60             57.12  Jufv  17.  1909 0.10 0.60 6.85             17.23  Aug   30   1909   0.05 0.88 7.00             17.06  Sept.  4,' 1909  0.44 0.60 5.70            21.33  INVESTMENT.  This is an investment, not a gamble. The property has been proven and not a share  was offered to the public until this was done. The Company are in a position to commence  shipping at once.   \Ye are offering to the publie  50,000 SHARES,  the proceeds of which are to be spent in installing suitable machinery. These shares are being offered at 25 cents per share. Already shares have been applied for out of this  issue. The payments arc easy���������One-half on application and the balance in two and four  months. ...-w���������.*-~������ -__--j  For further particulars apply to the  Fiscal Agents,  H. H. STEVENS & CO.  317 PENDER STREET, W.,  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Please mention "Western Call" when applying fcr shares ^���������"-O.K.f.-X;i*.^k^^aH't^i*^&->iJJi,:il  .j-vti,';:;..a^Tj.j-.!i.s������.i,ei-.,(  ^^HiWBM.'lr'hicrt rtafti-������-^v.������������  "T'f "* *e_e������������BB_j-*wH-_v &-���������- M^naitw >MJ*auoysa]wtaKi������Kiri������^  THE WESTERN CALL. VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.  PURITY   DELEGATION   INSPIRES  WINNIPEG.  "Ought to  Lose Jobs."  S. Steadwell,   president   of   the  CERY  LINE  We have the largest and best  -   Grocery Business in Mount Pleasant.   If you are not a regular customer of this store you should 1 come in  and get acquainted and we would soon  demonstrate to you the quality on which  our business is growing.       A store  with a large business always  has fresher and   cleaner  goods than the others  APPLES  We have just received a large  shipment of Wealthy Apples that are  hand picked, well graded and of a  beautiml color. They are the best  table apple you can buy to day  per   box      $1.75  APPLES  Good Cooking apples;  per box  $1.25  GKAPES  AU varieties of best quality  of Grapes 7 lb. basket   50c  BANANAS  We have 1200 dozen of the  finest Bananas to sell on  Saturday at only doz.   15c  FISH       r ��������� ~       -  We are now receiving Eastern Salt Fish each week. Labrador  Herring, the large fat ones        each  5c  EASTERN MACKEREL    each 5c  CODFISH  Choicest cuts of boneless fish  2 lb. box   30c  KIPPERED HERRING  SMOKED HALIBUT  BLOATERS,      ETC  i  G. S. KELLY  cTWOUNT PLEASANT'S LEADING GROCER  2333 Main St.    -    -    =    Phone 938  peg were so bad that they had been  B. S. Steadwell,   president   of   the   ciowded  out of  cities  in  the States  A perusal of the following will give; American Purity Federation, said that ��������� and had found a refuge here.   Those  | that he had seen here were grossly indecent and corrupting.  an idea of the way that Winnipeg has j the men paid to enforce the law ought  been stirred    by    the    "Purity    Cam-1 to do so and if they failed they ought  paign."   The White Salve traffic came  in for the most attention:  Segregation and  Graft,  Owen O. Ward, of Springboro, Pa.,  one of the most active members of  the association gave an account of  the graft that segregated districts occasioned in some of the large cities  of the United States. Mr. Ward, who  is piesident of Ward's Detective bureau, gave some amazing details of the  manner in which graft was itaken  from the houses of ill fame in th^se  cities.  1    He has  many times  been  com nils-  I sioned  to  investigate    conditions    iu  | these districts and as a result, o!' the  knowledge he has gained during these  investigations he has become one of  the  strongest   opponents  cf  segrega-  1 tion in the United States.  Mr. B. S. Steadwell then introduced  Mr. J. H. Hammond, who has done  most effective work in connection with  the purity movement, in Illinois. He  argued that nothing could be accomplished . without systematic work and  that business men were needed on the  organization. Mr. Hammond declared  that the crown attorney of Winnipeg  was not doing his duty. He explained  conditions in Des Moines, and appealed to the citizens of Winnipeg to organize a law and order league.  Boston is Conservative.  ' "Boston," said Rev. Prank Chase, "is  more, conservative than western cities,  and    therefore    their  law and order  i league is more effective. Vice is a  very large business in any large community. The profits are very large;  the law must step in and take those  profits away, otherwise the community will be demoralized. Winnipeg is  getting to be a great city, and you  must prepare to meet the dangers that  great cities expose young girls to. One  method of securing girls for houses of  ill fame is to give them catarrh powders which contain cocaine, so that  the drug may get a hold upon them,  and when that result is obtained it is  not difficult to get a girl to sell her  body in order to obtain the drug. The  profit on illegal sales of cocaine is  enormous. It has Iieen proven jin  courts that cocaine bought by these  illegal sellers for $4.50 wholesale is  retailed for over $1,000 to victims who  as a rule are young."  Mr. Chase again referred to "high  art" pictures exhibited on. Portage avenue and exposed to the gaze of the  young. Men who had exhibited the  same pictures in Boston were now  serving terms of imprisonment.  Though these pictures, he said, may  be all right in the studios of artists,  they were undoubtedly bad when exposed to the gaze of the young. He  referred in terms of praise to a judgment given by Lord Chief Justice Col-  to lose their jobs. He also complained  of the penny arcades, which he said  were showing pictures to the young  whicii would not be permitted in Chicago or Boston. There were also  works of art exhibited in store windows on Portage avenue similar to  ones for which a Boston man is now  doing sixty days in jail for displaying.  By a conspiracy of silence 49 bawdy  houses were being supported in the  community. Though the social evil  must prevail to a certain extent, he  argued that segregation was the worst  method  of dealing with  it.  W. W. Buchanan made an appeal  for financial assistance, saying that  $50,000 was required to carry out the  campaign this fall against segregation.  J. A. M. Aikins ��������� feared that Winnipeg was losing its good name. He  asked the people to unite and suppress the evil of segregation. As long  as the people were divided the mayor  and others would take the line of least  resistance.  Vehement Speech.  R, D. Richardson made a rousing  speech. "Why in the name of God,"  he asked, "should Evans have been  given a second term as mayor. We  should have told him that unless he  closed his mind on the question of  segregation we would have brought  out B. D. Martin and elected him."  Referring to Chief McRae he declared  "he should get out."  Dr. Patrick declared that the only  policy that could be depended upon  was that of enforcing the law as it  stands and stamping out the segregated district.  The Supreme Need.  "Cleanness the Supreme Need" was  the. subject of Rev. Dr. Du Val's evening discussion yesterday in Knox  church, in the course of which he de-  i clared that cleanliness was an indispensable condition physically no. less  than mentally. This.was true in chemistry .physolcgy, and it .was .true also  in;, regard Xo the state7and. in civic  affairs.  He declared strongly against certain aspects of theatrical life, and  stated that whilst he believed a third  of the stage productions were wholesome and instructive, two-thirds were  debasing and ruinous.-  The segregation of vice he characterized as an immoral outrage opposed to all instincts of morality and contrary to all true progress of civic or  national life. He. .?poke also against  the fads and absurdities of fashion.  The saloon was also condemned as  being  submissive  of  true  living  and  as a snare and a destroyer of youth.  Slot Machines.  Rev. Jason B. Chase, at the Congregational church in the afternoon, re-  JUVENILE  COURT.  The splendid work being done by  the Juvenile Protection Society is evidenced in the report of the probation  officer at its last meeting. As an evidence pf the interest taken it might  be stated thatll, except one, of the.'  members  were  present.  The report shows that during the  past three months the Court has actually handled 94 cases direct, besides  over 200 indirect cases dealt with by -  the Probation officer and not brought  into court. This phase of the question is a very important one as the  officer is able to deal with many cases  which would otherwise be brought into court. A case to point was that of  a boy from Seattle who was, through  the instrumentality of the Court, returned to his home again.  Jttother case where a father had.  neglected his boys entirely. He was  taken in hand and his duty pointed  out to him with the result that a home  was restored and a. family put in the  way of becoming happy again. Another case of a young man who was encouraging boys to the bad and harboring them; his case was dealt with and  good results attained.  A merchant has also felt the in-  uence of the Court. He was guilty of  selling fire arms to boys, which Is an  offence against the Federal law, he is  likely to pay dearly for his defiance-  of law.  Other encouraging features are  found in the assistance rendered by  the police authorities and the citizens,  also, by employers who take the boys  and help them to a better and more  honest life. One employer got a boy  from the home and was so well pleased that he sent over to get another.  There is also provision being made  to conduct a school in connection .with  the home.  Mr. Bull, the judge, and Mr. Collier  the Probation officer, both deserve the  highest commendation for their work.  The City is to be congratulated in.  having two such excellent men in  charge. To much cannot be said in  praise of Mr. E. W. Leeson, who is  the chairman of the committee. It is.  largely due to his untiring efforts  that so much progress has been made.  be  eridge of England cn a similar case.   feiTed in strons tenus to the abo^"  inations existirg in the "nickle in the  slot" machines in Winnipeg.     These  were   American   machines   and   only  Winnipeg, he said, had to face the  gambling evil, ard great care should  be taken to see tbat school children  were-kept from seeing or experiencing  the evil.  American pennies would set them' go-  ! ing.   The fact is that those in Wirini-  MODERN STRATEGY.  "Do you think   airships   could  used effectively in warfare?"  "They might," replied the skeptical  person, "if we could provide the air -  ships and induce the enemy to go r.p  in them."  MACK BROS, iwrnun  Open Pay and Night  2020 GRANVILLE ST. pnoneR4842  THE PROFIT ISYOURS  Read carefully and then take advantage of  Young & Thompson's Prices  Flour���������Our best Flour, per  sack $1.60  Royal Household Flour $1.95  Purity Flour, per sack $2.00  Breakfast Foods���������Superior Rolled  Oats, per sack 25c  Carnation Wheat Flake,- per package   10c  Canadian Wheat Flakes, per  package 35c  Olympic Pancake Flour, per  package  35c  Cream of Wheat, per package..20c  Corn Flakes, per package. 10c  Shredded Wheat Biscuit, per  package  -25c  Fresh Fruits���������Extra Fancy Apples,  4 lbs 25c  Gravenstein Apples, 5 lbs 25c  Good Cooking Apples, 10 lbs 25c  Apples, per box $1.00, $1.25, $1.50,  $1.75, $2.00 $2.25  Marmalades���������driver's Famous Pure  English Marmalade, per glass 15c  Per 2-lb. tin 25c  Jams���������St. George's Pure Australian  Jam. Climax Jam, assorted  flavors, per pail ...50c  Chiver's Pure English made Jam,  per 1-lb. glass. 20e  Slmcoe Straw Jam, per glass... 15c  Currants���������We have some extra fine  recleaned currants which we are  selling at 3 lbs. for 25c  Raisins, extra choice seedless, 3-lb.  package     25c  Mixed Peel, nice and fresh, per  ?lb ��������� 15c  Farinaceous Foods���������Genuine French..  Maccaroni, per package 10c  Sago, 6 lbs 25c  Rice, 6 lbs 25c  Tapioca, 6 lbs 25c  Corn Starch, 3 packages 25c  Robertson's Patsnt Barley, per  tin ..25e  Robertson's Patent Groats, per  tin 25e  Symington's Pea Flour, per tin. .25c  Symington's Coffee Essence, per  bottle , 25c  Teas���������Young & Thompson's Famous Old Country Blend, which  for quality and flavor cannot be  surpassed.   Per ID 50c  Blue Ribbon Tea, per lb 40c  Ridyeway's Five o'Clock Tea, per  lb.     60c  Ridgeway's Great Cup Tea,  per lb.      40c  Bisctits���������Crawford's Butter Buffs,  per package 15c  Crawford's Oaten Wafers, per package   15c  You should try some of these for  vour afternoon tea.   They are really  FINE.  Place your order with us and by doing so you w;ill help to build up South Vancouver.  PROMPT DELI\ ERY PROMPT PERSONAL ATTENTION  Young I Thompson  Phone 7032���������Cor. 26th and Westminster Ave. R, BRFTISH COLUMBIA.  THE WESTERN CALL, VAI,COUVB  By REV. LASHLEY HALL  [unday evening, October 9, 1910.  Address Mt. Pleasant Methodist  [i Church.  |ev. Lashley Hall said in substance:  rotestantism has recently'received  fhallenge.    When    a challenge   is  le it is sometimes well to take it  I propose, so far as my responsi-  ty to this congregation is concern-  > to take it up here and now in conation with the theme���������"The Growing  ireh and the Declining Papacy."  dealing with the subject, I wish  J be quite fair.    There are certain  fts to be recognized.   At the outset  us distinguish between the Roman  |urch and the Roman Papacy.    By  Roman Church I refer to all who  included in the Roman communion,  rank,and file as distinguished from  bse at the head, the hierarchy, the  fverning authorities, who constitute  Papacy.   You have no more right  l.saddle responsibility on the  rank  file of the church for the sayings  doings, and misdoings, of the au-  brities, than you have to blame the  Vple for the sins of the government  Imbers of the Roman Church are en-  led to the same regard for their re-  >us convictions as you claim your-  fres.  fJhe  Roman  Church  has  conferred  iatx benefits on the world.   For good  ill its history is linked with the  jtory of Europe.   Its beliefs on the  it fundamentals are the same as  [se held by others.   It is on second-  questions   where  the   differences  lie.    They  believe  in  God,  in  the  of God. in the Holy Trinity, in the  |iptures, in the Church, in the neees-  for faith and works.   They place  re stress on some points and less  j others'. 7 The Book    of    Common  Iyer of the Anglican Church is an  (reviation of the Roman missal. The  Sds of Christendom are imbedded  the Roman liturgy;   they come to  through that channel although not  inatlng there.   The world at large  idebted to Roman zeal, Roman toil  Roman  genius.    In  this  church  lilons have lived anddied' and gone  Iheaven.   It is the only church ac-  feible to millions today, and the only  Irch acceptable.   We require to rec;  Jize these facts for the sake of per-  |ctive and balance, so as not to have  fgs one-sided.  there are some ugly facts, which it  liseless to deny, or pretend to be  |d to or try to shift responsibility  Instance the shameless lives of  functionaries and popes. This is  |ly acknowledged by Roman Catho-  iistoiians. Then the blighting per-  (ttions. We were recently asked to  substantial consideration to Ro-  feelings on the plea of religious  ity, but this plea for religous liber-  pomes strangely from a church  ch has never been known specially  Ihow leniency towards others, when  }������d the power. I merely mention it  pass on. .The tortuous policy of  Papacy in its grasp_ _aftar tenv  al power' and its uniform intoler-  snd oppression whenever and  {(���������ever it has the opportunity, is a  Iter of history.  ltaen oppression takes the form of  |sing beliefs, by force, demanding  surrender of the judgment and con-  |nce the mind revolts. This is a  ition of the rights of the human  ���������ft. The Reformation, broadly ln-  Ireted���������-tbe reformers were not all  ect���������was a vindication of the  Us of the human spirit. The two  lies lined up on opposite sides. One  ?ved In denying the right of pri-  judgment; tbe other party stood  [U as the God-given right of every  lvidual man. The one stood for an  Tilde authority to which every man's  'ment and conscience must submit  lie authority of the official church���������  (le the other stood for the authority  .Truth as revealed in Holy' ������crip-  and every man's indefeasible  fit to its interpretation in accord-  wlth the dictates of reason and  [science. They have not always  Id up to it. Whenever Protestant-  falls back on mechanical methods  Inforce beliefs it is following in the  Isteps of Rome.  fithout going into past history, let  said that last century saw the  fnes of Europe shaken.    Every in-  ition that would  survive    had to  adapt itself to the new times. Adaptation to conditions���������that is the law of  life. That is what the church of the  present day is called to do���������adapt itself to the new conditions. France  threw over church and throne���������which  is not the worst that can happen. Our  Roman friends hold this up as an example. But it is quite possible that a  throne ought to be swept away, as in  France. And there is always the awful possibility of a church, having its  candlestick removed. Worse than  overthrow of church and throne is the  overthrow of religion. France threw  over religion.  Now the French nation is no more  inclined to wickedness, naturally, than  other nations. They are a gallant  people, no more wicked than other  peoples���������than you and I. They were  cradled in the church and so received  the title of "eldest daughter" of the  church. Why should they throw over  religion? There must have been tremendous reason. When you read of  the part taken by Voltaire, did you  ever stop to ask how.he came to take  that part? What produced the revolt?  He revolted, as I have intimated on  another occasion, at the awful travesty of Christianity that was presented  for his acceptance���������the only form he  knew. He did not have the opportunities you have, he did not know the religion you know and he. revolted. And  you would have revolted if you had  been there or you would not have been  worthy of the name of a man, although  your revolt might have taken a different turn.  j Rome is responsible for Voltaire.  Rome is ultimately responsible for  France "overthrowing religion. This i������  the result of the mischievous work of  the Jesuits. The Jesuits were not so  numerous as some think���������probably  the Jesuits. They are not so . numerous . as some think���������probably  they do not number more' than 20,000  today, and. at the time perhaps did not  number many more���������but they were experts in the arts of secrecy and in-,  trigue. They set man against man,  family against family, race against  race, in the interests of the church,  difficult, still goes on. When the  doctrine of papal infallibility carried, by ballot, that is by a majority of  votes���������a number of leading men, devout catholics and learned theologians,  withdrew and went under the name of  the Old Catholics. . No matter "what  the event the same result followed.  Every attempt at articulation was  strangled.  Perhaps some of you have read II  Santo���������a book written in recent years  by a (Jevout catholic. He set out to  shew that what was wanted was a new  religion���������by which he meant a return  to the religion of the first centuries,  a religion of kindness and beneficence  instead of pomp and place. He had the  idea that he could in this way lead  the church to think and act on new  lines, but the book was put on the  Index Expurgatorius. Nothing that  breathes a' modern spirit is allowed,  and you can see why.  Now I come to the scenes at Montreal and the Eucharistic Congress.  Instead of being alarmed and excited  at the supposed inroads of Rome, we  are safe in saying that events are capable of a very different interpretation.  In the first place it was a clever* device to divert public attention from  the decaying power of Rome. The  spectacular appeal is a necessity, and  is part of the policy recently inaugurated in Europe, which was seen  when tbe attempt was made to carry'  the host through the streets of London. As much as to say���������See what.a  triumph, in the very heart and citadel  of Protestantism! and so designed to1  impress the onlooker and create the  impression of n great following. In  the second place it was. a supreme effort to rally the scattered forces and  prevent further breaking away. Something heroic is needed and the spectacular is resorted to, linked with the  hope of making up on this continent  for the, losses sustained in Europe.  The fact is the Roman world is  alarmed, greatly alarmed, and with  reason. Enormous defections have  taken place. /.Roman authorities are  unanimous, although they differ as to  numbers because of different methods  of reckoning. The whole evidence has  been critically sifted by a competent  hand, and the results tabulated, country by country, constitute a most  significant phenomenon of the times.  You have heard of odd ones going over  to Rome, here and there, which is part  ot their method of advertising. Nothing is said about the other side. Hand-  fulls going over and Regions going out;  great capital made out of the former,  and nothing said about the latter.  which to them'were .the interests of!There you have the Roman method,  the Kingdom of God. Their zeal, their j which skilfully hides the truth,  devotion, their self-sacrifice were for|: The late pope Leo, bent his whole  the church. Sometimes the interests energy to build up the declining  of the church are the interests of the strength. He was an astute diplo-  kingdom of God; and sometimes the matist. an Italian, one of the most  interests of the church are decidedly astute, and that is saying a great deal.  not the interests of the kingdom of He exerted his ingenuity to stemming  God. The Jesuits were all picked men, the ebbing tide, and failed. He coquetted with the Republic and coquett-  -}d with the democracy. It was Leo  ���������vho allowed the French- Catholic to  exercise his franchise as a Republican,  for the first time. But although he  gave his messing to the Republic, and  coquetted with the democracy, it was  to no purpose.   He failed.  The present pope���������Pius X���������is a man  nf a different : stamp ���������. althogether���������a  pious parish priest, unsophisticated,  unused to the' wiles of diplomacy, and  as such - a tool in the hands of the-  Ultramontane party, the party of  reaction. Under the new pope. Rome  has reverted to the method of the fron.  highly trained, highly educated, not  all of the same calibre, but according  to qualifications, capable of filling any  position from that of chancellor to a  King, to serving in any capacity  called for. Things got to such  a pitch through their shady ideas  of right and wrong, their doctrine of  probableism, and their everlasting intrigues, that they were expelled from  every country in Europe, and the Pope  was compelled to dissolve the society.  This was" restored in 18147 when they  were badly needed to buttress the declining fortunes of the church. From  {that time on they have been the power  behind the throne. Behind the pope��������� | tai attack, with the result that the  ;who is dressed ln white���������is the general pope has committed blunder on blun-  jof the Jesuits, whose power is often der, and has likewise failed only  ' paramount, but who keeps In the back- away.  ground���������sometimes called  the "black worse.   France has repudiated the con-  pope" because he is garbed in black,    jcordat.   Other countries are breaking  TheCouncil of Trent declared for away.  (Transubstantiatlon. This was the Now as to Father Van ghan. Father  I work of the Jesuits and the counter- yrfughan Is a Jesuit, trained according  (reformation. U|������ to this there was a to je8���������it methods. He is a brother of  'certain measure of liberty, but now the lat<f cardinal Vaughan. He is a  [things were made hard and fast.. The Kood mon according to his rights'! He  Jesuits saved the Papacy. Henceforth  reactionary    influences    hold    sway.  Coming to our own times the Syllabus of 1864, summing up the papal  position against modern movements,  is due to the Jesuits. The doctrine  of papal Infallibility decided lb ,1870  is also a Jesuit triumph. This does  not mean that the pope is infallible  when he speaks about tlie weather,  but when he speaks ex cathedra���������from  the,chair���������on faith and morals.  You must not think that the rank  and file of the Roman church were all  can be plain spoken���������when it suits. A  year or so ago he undertook to scourge  the sins of Society in London, and said  things which makes his book in some  ways a tonic. He has been misunderstood in what he said at Montreal.  When be said that Protestantism was  a religion without a sacrifice, from his  stand point it was quite correct. We  do not have the sacrifice of the mass.  and therefore he said Protestantism  was a soulless religion. Yon see how  necessary it is to understand the meaning  of the  terms  used    by    others.  jin line on these matters. Many of,Words have so many different mean-  them made a big fight against the'jngs that we constantly attach the  Jesuits and Jesuit methods. Devout meaning we understand ourselves and  men at one time and another have attribute that meaning to the other  rizeij "up and  the  fight,  though more   sjde.     Of   course,   in   truth,   Protes  tantism is not a religion without a  Sacrifice, inasmuch as it builds upon  the one supreme sacrifice of the Lord  and Saviour Jesus Christ. You can  never get, Rome to speak with candor.  It is their method. There is always  a Roman twist. What Father Vaughan said was designedly provocative,  and he could not state the position  of Protestantism without giving it a"  Roman twist. '*  He goes on to discourse about race  suicide, and says some unpalatable  truths. He says that this does not  obtain among Roman catholics.  Therefore, he says, in the natural  course the Roman church must of  necessity succeed to the heritage St  the world. That is, the diminishing  birth rate of the one and the increasing birth rate of the other will bring  this aboift. The way it is put is provocative, and is so designed. Tlie  Roman twist is in evidence. He says  some things and leaves out others,-  in true Jesuit fashion. Let us submit matters to a little analysis.  The birth rate among Roman catholics is greater than among Protestants. Correct. The Roman church  (as also; Protestantism) stands for  family life under normal conditions,  which normally is not childless. Correct. The Roman church has power  through 'the confessional of making  its influence felt. Correct. But there  is something more to take into account. The Roman church cannot  guarantee that its people shall not  come under the same influences that  are operating in the world at large.  If they could only guarantee that the  same birth rate would keep up! But  the same influences will be found  working; among Roman catholics as  sissv, lic're.  Again, allowing the increased birth  rate, Rome cannot keep her people!  Here is the damaging fact���������where education spreads, Rome declines. Where  Rome has the greatest following is  among! the most backward, the most  ignorant, and the most degraded peoples���������and here the birth rate is highest. Do you know the extent to which  the defections total up all over the  world for the past half century or so?  They dp not fall short of 80,000,000.  No wonder Rome is alarmed. No wonder Rome is opposed to independent  thinking, to public schools, to historic  1r_^������stigations, to the modern scientific  pirit. Where education spreads, Rome  declines. That is most ominous handwriting on the wall for the future of  Rome.  Th ^defections are appalling7 Country after country has broken away and  is lost.j Today the Catholics of France  do not,number in all more than 5,500,-  000/ This is a very generous estimate,  and. some Roman Catholic 'authorities  put it much lower. That is not all���������of  tke?e millions the most part are womer.  and children. The church has lost in  France, at. the very lowest estimate  ���������u lensi- 25,000,000 during the last half  . centii ry.  Italy: the home and headquarters of  Hie Roman church! Italy, so far as  ^he intellectuals are concerned, has  brol'en with the church. The mayor of  Rome,' in a recent speech in connection with the fortieth anniversary of  f.he unification of Italy and King Em-  ���������mar.Viel's entry into Rome, had occa  sion to criticise the papacy. He did  not go out of his way, but it could not  be helped._ This_ bjrpught a sevej-e rebuke from the holy father. What.  criticize the papacy, under the very  shadow of the Vatican! Listen to the  mayor's reply. He claimed the same  'inerty to speak as the holy father.  Think of this, under the shadow -of the  Vatican! Time was when Rome's  'hunders meant something, and men  trembled. He did not feel himself  called upon to reply, but out of respect  as' a Catholic, he would. And this was  Ms reply. If he had spoken against  *he law he would answer for it to the  courts. If what he said was distaste  ?nl to the people he would resign. If  it was against religion he would answer to God. One of the noblest utterances ever made! No wonder the  papacy is alarmed. No wonder the  papacy feels intense animus against  Methodism for daring to come to Rome  to preach Methodist doctrine. And  vet, if Rome is to be free to proclaim  Roman doctrines elsewhere, otherc  may ol?.ini the same liberty to preach  their doctrine in Rome. Whereve-  there is a fair field and no favor, where  Rome is not backed up by prestige, and  the varied arts and artifices of the  Jesuit, she cannot hold her own  France is lost, "\taly is breaking away.  And now Spain is in the midst of an  upheavrl, and one country after another i3 breaking away.       1  But the Roman church is_.making up f the idea that .Catholicism and demcc-  for its losses in Europe on this corrti-'racy were riot inconsistent. This  nent. Fond hope, as false as fond! In' proved too hiuch for Rome. Pope Leo  the United States alone, allowing for j gave the movement his blessing. Pope  Catholic immigration from European {Pius, under reactionary guidance, has  countries, the Roman church has lost, reversed  matters and put the  move-  at the lowest computation, no fewer  than 14,000,000 during the last half century. It is not keeping up with the  birth rate, and its gains are swallowed  up in appalling losses. Rome cannot  keep its people in the new world.  Even in C .nada the losses run up  well into 1,000,000. In Great Britain  the losses reach 2,225,000. The total  Catholic population of Great Britain,  apart from Ireland, does not number  more than 1,500,000, and is not one-  twenty-fifth of the whole population;  and in Ireland, if we allow all the nominal Catholics, they do not total more  ment under bonds. Everywhere it is  the same.. Every effort to thi ow off  the yoke of mediaevalism or liberalize  Roman ideas is smothered. In this reactionary movement thousands of progressive priests have been involved,  who have either been silenced or  who have been compelled sorrowfully  to cast aside the church of their choice  or else have been crowded out, while  immense numbers give up faith in religion altogether.  I wish to finish with a note of hope.  I am an optimist. Progressive forces  cannot be downed permanently.   It is  in their  than 3,000,000, or 4,500,000 for the,like fighting the very stars  whole of Great Britain after all ths' courses. If driven out, progressive  stupendous efforts that have teen forces do not cease. Democracy and  made,   Australasia   has   lost   500,000, its aspirations will never die.    False  Germany, 5,000,000 and so on, country  ideals will not finally prevail over true.  by country, until the total runs up into  the enormous number of 80,000,000.  A large part of the following  of Rome���������some 50,000,000���������is found  among South American populations,  many of whom are half castes and  semi-barbaric. In European countries j is  its following consists largely of ignorant peasants, women and children.  Spain and Portugal number between  them some 20,000,000 of Catholics of  all kinds, many of whom, however, are  repudiating the church. Italy has a  nominal Catholic population of 26,000,-  000, but of these vast numbers .return  themselves as Catholics who never attend a mass and who have only the  veriest tincture of religion." Socialism  and rationalism, often of an extreme  type, have, between them, made terrible inroads on the following of Rome  all over the world.  It remains to answer the question,  Why this hostility of   the   people in  country    after    country    professedly  Roman?   There is an economic side to  the   question.   The   hostility. can   be  traced to two reasons���������first, the enormous number of idle men and women,  monks and nuns, numbering tens of  thousands, in various institutions, producing nothing and living off the people.   These;are apart from.the regular  priests in charge of parishes.   Secondly, other monks' and nuns who carry  on different industries, and thereby enter into competition with the people,  but   without   paying   taxes,   on   the]  around of religious privilege.   This depletes  the  revenue,  embarrasses the  government, and heaps up increased  tares on the people.   The monastic institutions, go on acquiring    enormous  wealth, exempt  from   taxation, while  the people grind in poverty, until at  last tbey revolt!  Meanwhile the papacy continues to  fight  against  the  modern  spirit  and  ranges itself against the intellectuals  of all countries.   It puts to silence men  of  light  ar.d   leading,   the   men   who  count.    It wages war against Modernism, and purges its colleges and editorial chairs of priests and professors  who are suspected to be in sympathy  with modern ideas or who speak with  a modern voice.    It condemns Sillon-  ism in France, which was founded and  carried on by a devout Catholic on the  theory that the democracy would become Catholic, or not; and that to en-. |  sure the former it was necessary to  act betimes and win the democracy by  enlisting the brighter- minds   of the  middle classes and imbuing them with  It is too late in the day to look for sue  cess in reactionary methods, thanks to  schools and a press. The church, interpreted in the wider sense,.is winning its way all along the line. Interpreted in this wider sense, the church  not the Roman church, nor the  Methodist, church, nor any of the  churches, but Includes all the forces  that are on the side of the .Most High.  This wider church'is at once the witness and .evidence of the triumph of  Truth. Against this Church in its totality   the  power  of   darkness   never  prevail. .  Standing professedly on the basis of  the modern spirit, I rejoice in all the  old affirmations, which are abundantly  reaffirmed and reinforced by modern  positions. Some good people are much  exercised by historic investigations  and the scientific spirit. If they only  knew! It is these things which Rome  fears, and which is loosening the hold  of Rome on the nations of eai'th. If  they would read a book recently published by the Laymen's Missionary  movement���������"Universal Elements of  the Christian Religion"���������they would  have cause to rejoice and would see  that these things are the salvation of  the situation. I thank God I believe  in these things, and feel God's message  burning within, and rejoice to be permitted to utter THis message m harmony with th etlmes arid in a way that  is intelligible to the people whom we  seek to serve.  TWO YEARS IN CHAINS.  The death Is announced of Mr..Hor-  muza Rassam, the    Assyrian   scholar  and explorer, who has   just   died   at  Hove.    He was born near the site   of  ancient Nineveh in 1816, came to England, and after taking part in several  archaeological expeditions to   Assyria,  lie took charge of a mission to    King  t'>endure of Abyssinia in 1SG|.       The.  Kin? hrW imprisoned and    maltreated  the British Consul and a number    of  Europeans.    Mr. Rassam was ordered  by the Government to   demand   their-  release.     He was armed with a personal letter and a number of presents  from Queen Victoria.     With his    two-  wmnnnions, however, he was thrown -  into the fortress of Magdala, and kept  5*i chains for nearly two years   under  the most appalling conditions.   It was  (Ms t^afnient of the Enelish    envoy  t>���������t finally brwieht about  *he Abys-..  sinian war, culminating in the defeat ���������  ;>nd death of    tbe    >bvcsi������itt>n    King. .  The warTcosf the 'nation'"about   nine~  milli<in������.  smaarmmmma������ssMSMmm9mma$smommmmaa^^  PROF. COWAN  EXPERT TEACHER of Violin, Man-  dolin, Guitar, Banjo, Authoharp and  Zither. Twenty Private lessons  $7.00. No class lessons   Musicians supplies of every description.  COWAN'S UP-TO-DATE MUSIC STORE  . 2315 MAIN STREET  near 7th  "V  ursery~ &  For Choice Pot Plants  o4LSO BASKETS AND TUBS AT A SACRIFICE  o4.U in first class condition.  PHONE R2196  Cor FIFTEENTH and WESTMINSTER AVENUE  J |fs^'^i^������:sSa&?*^^f^^  -O^CiXim.a* ������  ti  .1  p.  m  w  IS:  IS  111  MONETARY TIMES  ON RECIPROCITY  Coming Conference Eetween Representatives of the Dominion and  Washington Governments Brings  Out Many Comments.  While   some   opposition   to   a   Canadian reciprocity agreement with the  United   States  was  anticipated,   it   is  doubtful whether such strong opinions  against   it,   as   have   been   expressed,  ���������were expected.    It is generally recognized that the coming conference between the Washington and Ottawa au.  ti.orities  will   be one  of  unu.sual   importance.    The  results   are   likely  to  .have a vita) effect on the conduct and  volume   of   Canadian   import   and   export    trade.      .anada   has   concluded  trade  treaties  with  several  European  countries.    The "United  States,  whicii  rs   selling  us   two   dollars'   worth    of  goods for every one dollar's worth it  buys, desires to sell more.   Great Britain is making a somewhat belated attempt to obtain a strong commercial  foothold  in  Canada and at the same  time there  is  talk of increasing the  British    preference.     Altogether   the  situation is interesting.   Much hinges  fcipon what  is done by the Canadian  .government in its conference with the  United    States.    Here  are  some expressions of opinion from many sources:  Mr. J. S. McKinnon't Opinion.  "���������"I am satisfied," says Mr. J. S. Mc-  Kinnon, chairman, Toronto branch,  Canadian Manufacturers' Association,  "that the vast majority of the Toronto members are distinctly opposed to  any negotiations being entered into  ���������with the United States, involving any  lowering of the tariff on manufactured  products. I cannot conceive of the  .government taking any steps in this  direction without giving the warning  to tbe trades affected. It seems hardly possible that the government will  ������lo anything to disturb the manufacturing industries of Canada, in which  sso much capital is invested, and  where so many of its citizens find  employment. Before the United States  Calks reciprocity in manufactured  ������oods she should bring her tariff down  to our1 level. I think the government  realizes this, and will act with all due  consideration for the manufacturing  interests of this country."  "���������Why should we disturb financial  and other Interests?" asks Mr. W.  Cauldwell. Montreal branch, Canadian  Manufacturers' Association, "by tinkering with our tariff to please the  United States? Our interests, business and sentiment, lie with Great  Britain. Our hope for the future lies  in the unity of the British Empire,  and we should consider carefully before taking any action which might  place our imperial connections in  peril."  What the  Montreal   Board  of Trade  Says.  Here is a resolution recently passed  by the Montreal Board of Trade:  "That, while being in favor of Canada maintaining the most friendly relations with the United States, the  -council considers that the-very-causes  Chat commend a reciprocity treaty to  its people, that is, access to pur undeveloped natural resources and an extended market for their manufactured  products, are, from our point of view,  those for which Canadians stand to  lose most, and that this country cannot afford to endanger its growing  ^manufacturing industries or to have  the benefit of the United States. That  .above and beyond material points, reciprocity with the United States must  inevitably tend towards a slackening  of the tie that binds us to the Mother  "Country, and that this council takes  tbe strongest stand against anything  that would even remotely work to  that end, ��������� being .convinced that our  every interest, either business or son-  vtiment. requires that Canada shall remain a part of the British Empire."  iFroni the United Press.  "The United States," says the New  "York Tribune, "is thoroughly in earn-j  est in its desire for reciprocal trade  relations with Canada, and there has  been no President in recent years  who has had the subject more at heart  than Taft. / Nevertheless, all the anxiety in the world on the part of the  5FJt.Iteii States will accomplish nothing  n/iless and until it is shared by Canadians."  "Taft has shown but limited un-  'tlerstanding of economic principles or  ���������appreciation of tlie value of 'closer  ���������commercial relations,' " So says the  Kesr "York Journal of Commerce, "But  when he was brought face to face with  the question of applying the maximum  fciriff to Canada he showed signs of enlightenment."  Two Reasons for Promoting Trade.   .  "There are two solid reasons for promoting Canadian trade," says the American Banker. "In the first place this  country is badly in need of Canadian  goods and products and in the second place American maunfacturers are  osing money Ly not getting their;  hare of Canadian business. These  ;wo considerations take no acount of  he Canadian side of the proposition  .nd the interests of the people of  :hat country cannot be left out of con-  ��������� ideratlon."  "1 think," recently stated. Sir. Mackenzie Bowell, "thai: the prosperity of  Canada would be retarded by reciprocity with  Ihe  United  States, espec-  RELIGIOUS FELLOWSHIP IN GERMANY  (Review of Reviews.)  A new evangelistic movement in the  German   Chnrch   is   described   by  Dr.  Franklin Johnson, in a recent issue of  the Review and Expositor  (London).  This movement is called variously  tally if that poliry were extended to tlie Inner Church Evangelization, the  manufactured  articles."  Our associations can no longer endure preaching in which the unbelief  of modern theology finds expression.  They simply refuse any longer to hear  such preaching. They cannot be constrained any longer to attend church  out of reverence or in the traditional  manner.  The attitude of the church towards  j fellowships, as of the fellowships to-  | wards the church, is one of suspicion,  though not ,of pronounced antagonism.  "The great bulk of the people or the  Dominion do not want reciprocity with  the United States, and the publication of a tentative treaty would uo  doubt operate to heighten popular opposition to it there." So says the New  York Commercial.  "Are we expected to extend the free  list of American produce now admitted to Canada?" asks Sir George \V.  Ross. "We have already given, the  Americans nearly one-hall] of their  Canadian market duty free. How much  more do they want? Are we expected to lower the tariff imposed on dti-  It is now one-half the i  Revival Movement, and the Fellowship Movement (Geme'inschaftbeweg-  ung). It has been called also the New  Pietism. Among its characteristics  are mentioned that it has seized upon  the laity more than upon the clergy.  It is distinctively a movement of the  laity and of the relatively young.  Among its advantages are mentioned  its interest in the evangelization of  the entire people, its disposition to  seek publicity, and its strong assertion that "justification" must manifest  itself in the sanctification of the daily  life.  The progress of the movement has  been remarkable for its rapidity in all  parts  of the  Empire, displaying only  tiable goods?    ... .��������� ..������,.  ~.._ ...... ...... . , ,     .  _.    ,���������     ,,,,���������  _.       .. , ;energy, advancement, and a loud nian-  Anierican   tariff.    What   articles   cam.,.    ... ,       .. , _  ���������    , , _,���������.     ,, ��������� itestation   of  enthusiasm    and   conn-  we afford to reduce?   \\ hy then con-;^^   ^^ .g a fellowsW    formed  sider a treaty at all till tins anomal- (hin QV<)ry church tha(. wiu permit  on* conditions is removed, or at least ;lt There are meetings for prayer  modified? The United States Con-.anfi ccmfmmcef and for the exposition  gress should make the first move by,of the Sci.iptures> niarked bv much  reducing the tariff against Canada. :informality. Voluntary song and pray-  Then  we  can  consider  in  what  res- ep  and  testimony are  made  promili.  pect and to what extent we should respond to such reductions."  ent. District conferences are held,  some for believing merchants, others  for believing bakers, others for a  The Opinions of Taft and Fielding, course of Bible study. Evangelists,  President Taft at Eastport, Maine,; usually laymen, travel from place to  recently said: "If in the next year,place in order to form or encourage  we can come to an agrement which fellowship. There are men of thor-  will   makeour   trade   relations   closer ough education who work amongst the  have university students and other people  i I.  we  shall   be    fortunate.    We  reached a time in our development j of culture by means of courses of lee  when neither should be jealous of tures. Magazines and newspapers in  the other. The more prosperous the the interests of the movement, espe-  one the more prosperous will be the dally weekly sheets and all sorts of  other.   The trade of one as it grows is' monthlies, are constantly increasing in  the trade of the other."  Mr. Fielding, Minister of Finance, In  an Interview not long ago, said:  "I have not failed to observe that  there is considerable manifestation in  Canada of opposition to reciprocity  with the United States. Some of  this is natural and inevitable. Much  of it is due to a misunderstanding of  the situation, and is at least premature. The opponents of reciprocity  appear to assume that no satisfactory  tariff concessions will be made by the  United States authorities. Perhaps  the past experience of Canada in her  negotiations with the States excuses,  or, at all events, explains, this feeling.  But there is no need for anybody to  worry along these lines. I do not  expect the Americans to be willing to  make a bargain entirely for the benefit of Canada.  numbers  Schools are kept up for the training  of the laborers. Fourteen are named;  the majority have an attendance ot  sixty.or.eighty, with graduating classes of ten or fifteen. ��������� For entrance,  only a desire to do religious work, a  public school education, and bodily  and mental health are required. Some  of the schools are for men, some for  women. Buildings are being erected  in all parts of    the empire for the  LOWER CABLE RATES WANTED.  Premiers  of  Australia  and   New   Zea  land   Declare   in   Favor  of   Reduction  on   Transpacific  V/ires.  Melboure, Oct;'.-���������The agitation for  the reduction of the Pacific, cable rate  has received an impetus since Sir  Joseph Ward, premier of New Zealand,  has interested himself in the question.  At present he is urging on behalf of  his government, that. Australia should  join in making representations to the  Pacific Cable Board to reduce the present, rate to ninepence.  Mr. Fisher has declared in favor of  the proposal. Definite action is. however, unlikely until May next, when a  conference on the subject will be held  in London.  According to a wireless telegram received from the Makura three days  out from port to Vancouver, a stowaway has been discovered in the steering room ventilator, where the temperature was 130 degrees. The unfortunate man had merely a small bottle of water and three sandwiches.  The heat at all times prevented sleep.  The Commonwealth premier, at a  dinner in Sidney, delivered a speech  in which he claimed that greater and  more democratic powers should be  given to the federation. He foreshadowed the creation of labor newspapers  to further the interests of the party.  Referring to the linking together of  the nations of the earth as the result  of the spread of democracy, he said  he looked forward to the time when  the English-speaking peoples would  be bound together by the common objects of helping the cause of humanity.  IS IT WORTH  A  TO YOU ? ?  Cutout this advertisement, present.it at our studio before Nov.  15th, next, and you will get One  Dollar Reduction off the price of  a dozen of any of our Cabinet  Photographs.  This reduction is made to induce  our customer! to come early for  the Photos they need for Christmas time, and thus relieve us of  part of the strain of the last six  weeks before Xmas.  WEO'ORD  PHOTO STUDIO  COR. WESTMINSTER AVE, and BROADWAY  PHONE 5484      Mount Pleasant  Save the Pieces  If you have the misfortune  break your glasses and we wi  be able to fit another lens exact]  the same or if you happen  lose them  Our Expert Optician]  by the aid of the latest scientif  method of eye testing will i  you another pair as good,  if he  better than the old ones.,  GEO. G. HI  WATCHMAKER and JEWELLEF|  143 Hastings,  Opposite Province  C. P. R. AND HALIFAX A3 WINTER  .    PORT.  The C. P. R. has decided to make  Halifax the winter port for mails and  passengers. With this end in view,  plans for reaching Halifax either over  existing lines or those to be bultl will  be considered Immediately by the management of the Company.   It ts pro  posed to establish a sixteen-hour ser-  meetings. In Konigsberg the buildings vice between Halifax and Montreal, to  will accommodate 1200 persons. An \ connect here with the fastest steam-  itinerant preacher named Wlttekind ers of the C. P. R. fleet. What the C.  states that they have no thought of |p. R. wants Is running rights over the  separating from the established Inter-colonial from St. John to Hall-  church, but desire only to work un- fax, but failing this it is stated that  hindered within her communion.   Jus  tiflcation through faith alone, the Holy  Scriptures the highest authority, and  therefore,    inerrant,    are    the  points.  it is proposing to start from its line  at Predericton Junction, and build an  air line across New Brunswick and  chief Nova Scotia, thus gaining an Independent entry into Halifax.  Corner of  18th and  -West-milt-  ster Ave.  DRY GOODS     DRY Q00DS  Corner of  18th and  Westmln=  ster Ave.  ... Special For...  FRIDAY & SATURDAY  5 doz. prs. 2/1 and  1/1 Rib Cashmere  Hose. Sizes 8 to 10.  Double Knee. Regular price 40c per pr.  FRIDAY and   OPp  SATURDAY     Lull  Men's Working  Gloves  Broncho Hide, Kflo  extra values at  UU"  Asbestos very soft and  pliable tan calf Kfln  skin at IIU^  These   gloves   are  usually sold  at  75c.  You men get ln on this.  THE  STORE OF  QUALITY  \T LOWEST  PRICES  Extra Good Val  ues In Blankets  A new line of Curtain Scrim just in;  newest designs at the  lowest prices. These  goods are suitable for  halls, drawing rooms,  dining rooms, etc.  15 doz. prs. of Men's  Canvas Gloves ntn  3 pairs for        LUU  25 pr. ladies'misses'  boys' and children's  Boots; to clean01 OK  this lot out at jMaLlI  Children's at   -   65c  A few prs of Rubbers  A very large line of FANCY AND PLAIN FLANNELETTES  I MAKE A SPECIALTY OF CHILDREN'S APPAREL.  You will find everything here for the little ones, in fact the most  complete line in this section.  A FULL LINE OF D. & A. CORSETS.  A big range of W. Q. & R. Shirts in all sizes.  %  % For good values in  REAL ESTATE AND INVESTMENTS  Call on  1 TRIMBLE  &  NORRIS  | Cor. Broadway and Ninth Avenne  ' >���������������������������<!���������<*���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������,������������������*��������������� l'*'r������l+1������ IS MS >��������� t������1% I������tS I1  THEL  Acme  ���������   ������  <���������  i ������  < ������  1    ������  & Heating Co.  for Estimates on Plumbing  HOT WATER HEATINQ  PHONE   5545  319 Broadway ������>      Vancouver  ��������� ���������l'^^HH|H}.������������������^������.|M������.:.^.^������t|^t^^.0������.<Wt'4������.^  The Pleasant Gafe  I SALTER, EATON & CO., 2642 MAIN ST.}  I   THE LIGHTEST, MOST AIRY and  MOST  CHEERFUL]  T PLACE TO EAT ON THE HILL  I Cuisine of the Pest  I  Everything new and up-to-date.     We are here 'to serve,}  t   not to be served:      Give usacall i^d you will MlllSgaiif  ���������i>^^-i������>-.-^-4^-.g^.<������>^.;*..tg1^..fr.������.<;t....^  Your Patronage cordially solicited.  B.C. Ornamental Iron & Fence Co.,Ltd.]  PHONE 6571  COR. WESTMINSTER AVE. and FRONT STl  Campers  Station now  a I  Ocean Pai  4 trains each way each day  If you are camping you can't afford to miss OCEj  PARK.     Call at 329 Pender Street  WEEK END RATES  To OCEAN PARK and WHITE ROCK good Saturday morning  to Monday night. CHURCHES  Baptist  [T .PLEASANT   Baptist Church-'  Cor- 10th Aw. and Quebec St.  S.   Everton .B.A., .i-siscor.  250 13th Avenue, East.  teaching Services���������11 a. m.  and 7:3'  [\p. m.    Sunday School  at 2:tt0 p. ui  Y. P. U-���������Monday, 8 p.m '  Methodist  TT. PLEASANT CHRqil���������.  Corner  Tenth are. and Ontario    ..  srvjces���������Preaching at 11 a. m  and a  j}7:00 p. m.      Sunday School and Biol  [Class at 2:80 p. m.  Rev. W. Lashley Hall, B.A.B D.  Pastor.  {Parsonage 123 Eleventh avenue, west. Teh  llione 38-J4.   Presbyterian  PLEASANT Church-  corner Niuth ave. and Quebec ������t. ���������  |uNDAy Services���������Public worship at  11 a. iu aud 7:00p.iu ; Suuday school  and Bible Class nt i :80 p.   ui.;     Mos  DAY���������Christian Endeavor at 8:00p. in  "Wednesday���������Prayer Meeting at 8:0������  p. m.   Friday���������Choir practice.  Rev. J. W. Woodside, M. A.,  1.170 .Ninth ave. W.      Tel. BH948.    Pastoi..  TESTMINSTER. Church���������  Cor. We!ton and 26th.   One block earn  ol Westminster Ave.  Iervices���������Sunday 1' :00 a. m. and 7:3('  u������.    Sunday School 2:80.  feduesday���������Prayer meeting 8:00 p.m.  Rev. J. H. CAiieKON, B. A.,  |esldence for. Quebec and 21st. Past* I  AngUcan  JT. MICHAELS���������  Corner 9th ave. and Prinze Kdward <t.  jbbvices���������Moruiug Prayer at 11 a. m  land Evensong at 7:30 p. ni. each Suu  ���������day. Holy Communion ou first and  [third Sundays in each month aftei  ���������Morning Prayer, and ou second and  "fourtn Suud������**s at 8:00 p. in. Sun-  Jay School at 2:30 p.m.  Rev. G. H. Wblbon, Rector.  Actory, Cor. Ave. Sth and Prince Edward 8t.|  ���������   Telephone IAM3.  1ENTKAL BAP 11ST CHUKCH-  Corner Tenth Ave. and Lau'el St.  Ibvices -Preaching  at   11  a.m.  anr  :30 p.m   Suuday School nt 2.30 p.m  tEV P Clifton Parker, M. A ,    '  |lth Ave V������ PastOT.  Latter Day Saints  Reorganized church of christ-  M' 837 Ninth avenue east.  Irviceb���������Every Sunday evening at t  ,'clock.   Suuday school at 7 o'clock  ' aver Meeting Wednesday at 8 p. m  .1. S. Rainey. Elder.  LODGES  icpendcnt Order  or Qddfeltnw?  TT- PLEASANT Lodge No. 19.  Meets every Tuesday at, 8 p. ni  I  O O. F. Hall Westminster ave.  tt.' Pleasaut.     Sojourning brethrei  Iprdially invited to attend.  3ampbell, Noble Grand, Adela P. O  touglas, Vice Grand, 20th & Westr  bs- Sewell, Rec. Sec. 4Si 7th uve. E  (.oval Orange Lodge  \l. PLEASANT L. O. L. No.  184;  Meets the 1st nnd 3d Thursday oi  each month at 8 p. in ,  ������  the K. of P H dl.      ���������  All     visiting   Brethrei  cordially welcome.  John Covillb, W. w  3013th ave. W.  N. E. Louoheed, Secy  715 17th ave.. W.  Independent QrtetL flare sters_  )URT VANCOUVER   No.   1328-  Meets 2d and 4th Mondays of eacl  lonth at 8 p. m.. in the Oddfellow?  Jl, Mt. Pleaaant.     Visiting breth-  i always welcome.  H. Haskinb, Chief Ranger  M. J. Crehan, Rec. Seo.  337 PriiicenKKtreK.CUV  I Penoelly, Financial Secretary.  ��������� 237 Kleventh avenne cai  Matters Mercenary  C.  P.  R. FREIGHT  RATES.  According to the latest returns, the  C P. R. have net earnings for the  year ending June, 1910, of $38,S39,956.  After paying interest on their bonded  indebtedness this will enable the company to pay nearly 15 per cent upon  their common stock!  At the time of its incorporation a  clause was pt't in its charter compelling it to reduce freight rates when it  earnd 10 per cent, on its common  stock  tomed in the racecourse paddock.  There are nine shareholders in the  Poseidon United, and they have been  getting large dividends since the mine  was opened up.  *    *    *        ~  INCREASING      REVENUE.  For the first five months of the financial year the revenue of the Dominion shows an increase of $7,240,000,  and it is officially estimated that at  thlfe same rate of increase the aggre-  This time is long since passed j gate revenue of the year will not fall  and while it has not yet paid 10 per j far  cent, on iis common stock owing to  various devices known to the financial world, not only is .it earning an  excess of that amount but the stock  holders ;are getting the benefit of the  increased earnings. The time has  come for the Government to interfere  and insist on a reduction of the freight  and passenger rates.  A peculiar feature of the situation  is the use that has been made of the  clause compelling the company to reduce rates as soon as they earned 10  per cent. It is argued that the clausj  being there prevents the government  amount of dividends is paid, or at  east earned. Can anything be more  absurd? ���������     ������������������-.  In the case of other railways in Canada, no such clause was put into their  charter.- Does it then follow that the  government cannot take any steps to  regulate rates, or to prevent overcharges or discrimination? Certainly  not! Tlie railway commission are competent to do all these things and the  fact that without any such interference the C. P. R. is required to reduce  rates when they earn 10 per cent, limits them, Ibut not the powers of the  government. On the contrary it  strengthens the hands of the government by proving that it was never  heavily subsidized by public money  and lands should be other than completely under the control of the people as to charges. Were it otherwise,  it is well for both people and railway  to remember that one generation cannot either legally or morally bind another generation. The obligation passed on; must have the sanction of  right and justice before the new generation is under any obligation to assume it.  It is now a whole generation since  the C. P. R. was granted its extraordinary powers and privileges.  The   men   who   gave   these   privil-  ages and the men to whom they were  granted,  are  nearly  all   gone over to  the silent majority; a new generation  ow owns the railway and a new generation now controls the government,  md so the whole question  should  be  again considered in the light of present   day  experience  and   all   railways  he C. P. R. included, should have the  ats  controlled  by  the Railway  Com-  nission.  These rates should be based on the  ost   of  service  and   should   have   no  elation   to  the   ability   of   the  traffic  o stand the charge, or the needs for  lividends   on   watered   stock,   or   the  :apitalized value of special privileges.  Has  the   government   strength   and  /isdom enough to do this?   Time will  .how.���������"The Square Deal."      short  og  $120,000,000.  THE   MINE   OUTPUT  OF   ONTARIO  For the first half of 1910 the output of the metalliferous mines and  works of Ontario was valued at $12.-  620,781. The official returns of the  Bureau of Mines are as follows: ���������  Pig-iron, tons... 221.71S .3,540,688  Silver, ozs  12.S04.992  Cobalt, tons..  Copper, tons.  Nickel, tons .  Iron ore. tons.  Zinc ore. tons  189  4.634  9.339  39.497  576  $6,260,197  35,657  660,497  2,005,660  113.082  5,000  Or.ly Cobalt ^aid for included.  The increase in the output of silver,  copper and nickel over the corresponding six months of 1909 was especially  large. Gowgamla contributed 234 tons  of ore. containing 317,925 ounces of  silver, and the Lake Superior district  a small production; the remainder of  the silver being from Cobalt proper.  A negro came running down the  lane'as'-though the Old Boy were after  him.  "What are you,running for, Mose?"!  called the colonel from the barn.  " T ain't a-running fo',' shouted  back Mose.    'I'se a-running- from!"  IN     THE    ESTATE    OF    WILLIAM  HURST, DECEASED.  NOTICE is hereby given that all  creditors- and others having claims  against the estate of the late William  Hurst who died on or about the 5th  day of June, A. D. 1910, are required  ->n or before the 20th day of September, A. D. 1910, to send by post, prepaid,' or deliver to the undersigned  their Christian and surnames, addresses and descriptions, full particulars  of their claims, duly verified, statement of their accounts and the nature  of the security (if any) held by them.  AND FURTHER TAKE NOTICE,  that after the above mentioned date  the executors of the above mentioned  Estate will proceed to distribute the  assets of the said deceased among  the parties entitled thereto, having  regard only to the claims with whlcl.  they shall then have notice.  And tlie executors will not be liable  for the said assets or any part thereof to any person or persons of whose  claim notice shall not have been re- \  ceived by them at the time of such  distribution.  Dated, Vancouver, B. C, this 20th  day of August, A. D. 1910.  MacGILL & GRANT.  Solicitors for   Justice    Swanson    and  Herbert Lambert, Executors.  PHDNE 6964.  HILLCREST  WEBB & YOUNG  PLUMBING, GASFITTING and HOT WATER  HEVTING.     Stoves Connected and General  Repairs,   Etc.  Estimates Given COR. 2!st and WESTMINSTER AVE  J  CLEVELAND'S    SCIENTIFIC  ASSESSMENT,  First Quadrennial Assessment of Real  Property Completed.. Somers' System of Valuation Successsful.  FINANCIAL.  ;Piano Tuning  Expert Rjepair Work.  Factory Experience  Best References  W. J. GOARD.  re your order* at the Western Call  ^  FLOUR  Try our  Imperial Brand  The Best Bread Flour.  FEED  |Sest quality of HAY, GRAIN,  CHOP and POTLTRY  SUPPLIES.  >ratt's Poultry Food  The wonderful egg producer.  Vi A LOX. 25c and 50c.  Tbf Winnipeg wheat receipts \Jto  late have reached 88,269,300 bushels,  ind those of Minneapolis amounted  io   81,111,410   bushels.  *    *    *  Grand Trunk Railway earnings show  i rauhl increase since the strike was  settled.  ������    *    *  Edmonton bank clearing for past  month show an increase of nearly f>0  jer cent, over those of August, 1909.  ������    *    *  The Canadian Northern Railway Co-  has taken over the Bay of Quinte line. | J^ck  ("The Square Deal.")  The report of the Board of Assessors of real property for the city of  Cleveland is an attractive publication  of sixty-two pages that deserves to be  carefully studied by every assessor  and every municipal officer in Ontario.  This Cleveland assesment is probably the first in which the public  were fully taken into the confidence of  the assessors.  The Public Assist.  In the course of their report the  Board say:  "The system adopted by the Board  admits, in our opinion of no improvement. It is the first city of the -United  States which has been fully and thoroughly valued on the Somers' plan.  The Board, first ecquiring extended  knowledge of the down-town values,  through consultation with leading experts, such as W. A. Greenland, and J.  G. Cowles, placed tentative values on  the downtown section published the  same for criticism and held numerous  meetings thereon. This, once established and thoroughly circulated, the  people seemed to take to this idea  with avidity. It wes apparent at a  glance that stit'h a system had no  place for favorites; that favoring one  lot meant favoring the street, and this  again requiring,, a change of the next  street, and so on until the whole neighborhood and district would be reduced  all of which"'individual.' local arid sectional favoritism would immediately  and readiy be discernable even by the  unitiated.  The Plan Popular.  "The Board, from the very day o'  its organization, was thoroughly imbued with the idea that in taxation  matters any method whereby the taxpayer would be assured that all bene  fits and immunities enoyed by his  neighbor would also be enjoyed b>  himself would appeal to bim with  greater force than a system whereby  friends are rewarded and enemies ver  allzed. Everywhere and at all times  we heard the welcome cheer: 'If you  get me in as my neighbor I won't  Indeed, so popular and com-  The company  has only  five hundred'  ailes of line to build to connect Gow- "{^"that we~confldentiy~be"lieve  anda  junction    with     Port    Arthur,  A-'hen this connection is finished their  ranscontinental line will be complete ��������� a���������d integrity of the 'assessors,  rom Quebec to Edmonton. I  * .> Fair Valuation Assured  mendable has  the  system  proven  it  any  future assessment not based thereon  would  ipso facto impeach the honor  The  population  70.000.  of  Toronto  is  now  W. KEITH  [roadway asd Wtfctaiaster Road  PHONE 1637  From March 1st to August 1st this  /ear the emigration  from the B.itish  sles to Canada reached o total of 41,-  ">2. a figure which is 20.000 moie than  hat for the same time last vear.  ^liCH   PLACER  MINE  LIA.  IN   AUSTRA-  .J  ������900 Gold Nugget  Another big find has been made at  Poseidon, Australia. A nugget was  inearthed in the claim of the Poseidcn  United Syndicate, which weighed 224  ounces, its value being close on ������900.  This is by far the biggest slug of  gold discovered since the large nuggets were found in the shallow workings of the lead. The gold is going  right into deep ground, and the outlook is promising for the Poseidon Alluvial Company, whicii has just bot-  "N'ever before, we believe, in assessing the laud value of a large city  has the community participated to the  same extent in its valuation. Tht  Chamber of Industry trough its six or  seven committees on the West S'de  the South Cleveland Improvement Association, the Kith Ward Improvement  Association, the Kinsman Road Improvement Association, the Collinwocd  Board of Trade, the Cleveland- Manufacturers' Club, and last, but not least  the members of The Cleveland Real  Estate Board, all were enlisted in the  work of securing a fair and honest appraisal at. 100 per cent. Indeed to the  many objections of our valuations, thi?  Board had but one reply, viz.; 'Givf  the Real Estate Board an option for  thirty days at our appraisal. If they  can't sell it we will reduce it.' This  procedure proved of incalculable benefit to the citizens of Cleveland. In  but one instance was our request complied with.'"  TO OUR READERS!  By special arrangement we offer you a great  opportunity to read  n  "Chante  E  DMOND ROSTAND'S wonderful "Chantecier" is the dramatic sensation  of the world. In it Rostand proves himself to be one of the greatest dramatists of all times. ���������* Chantecler" is not only the greatest play of the century*���������it is the one great play of the  ilast hundred years. It is an exquisite story, palpitating with human  -sympathy and interest. It warms  the blood-���������stirs the emotions���������  arouses every commendable sentiment.    " Chantecler" sparkles with  ,     wit���������counsels   with   wise  philosc-  j ������ Pny ��������� entertains with fascinating  idiom���������while the tones of the hour  beil of today, and today's problems,  j are heard through the medium of  '* Chantecler's" deliciously up-to-  date slang-. No lansfuacre contains  sufficient superlatives to describe it.  i Only reading and study will enable  you to appreciate it. It has aroused  all France���������London has gone mad  over it.  The Only English Translation  Rostan^ has chosen Hampton's  Magazine > . the medium through which  to present' Chantecler" to the English-reading world.   The publication will be in four instalments, one act to each instalment, beginning in the June number.   The translator is the same  who helped to make-"Cyrnn > de Bergerac " so fascinating to American booklovers.  ������ We have made *peci*| arrangement* with the publisher* of HAMPTON'S by which our  reader* may get "Chantecler" and the many other fine feature* published! in HaMPTON/S  in connection with our own paper, practically without cott   ReacJ our offer below.  OTHER EXPENSIVE FEATURES  y  Hampton's Magazine every month contains the most costly, most important, and  most interesting contents ever put between  the covers of a general magazine. "Peary's  Own Story" of the discovery of the North  Pole, a $5u,000 feature, is now in its most interesting stage, giving the positive "proofs"  that Commander Peary and no other man discovered ihe North Pole.    "The True History  the world: Arthur Stringer has a new scries  called "The Adventures of an Insomniac;"  James B. Connolly describes in several stories  his Trip Around the World with the American  Fleet; Frederick Palmer is contributing a  scries of airship stories of which Dan bury  Rodd is the centra! character. The only new  idea in detective fiction since Sherlock Holmes  is provided in the second series of stories about  of the Southern Pacific Railroad " by Charles    Luther Trant^ the Xsvchol������Ar^al���������r,rtc^ti^'  Edward Russell is one of the greatest mag-        * '      '     "----   ** -   '  "':n:-     *~  azine serials ever published. Mrs. Rheta  Childe Dorr's articles on the "Power of the  Women's Clubs" are without an equal in their  appeal to women everywhere. Fiction contributors include the foremost story-tellers of  written by Edwin Bafmer and William G.  MacHarg. Other Short Stories are by such  favorites as O. Henry, Gouvcrneur Morris,  Charles Belmont Davis, Rupert Hughes,..  Josephine Dasknm Bacon, Harris Merton  Lyon and many others.  *  Special Offer to Readers of This Paper  r By special arrangement with Hampton's Magazine, we are able to'make the following  remarkable offer to our readers. The publishers of Hampton's advise us that the demand  for "Chantecler" is tremendous. We therefore advise you to order on the attached coupon  now.   The only sure way of getting all of " Chantecler" is to send today.  ]  The Western Call, 1 year  - $1.00  Hampton's Magazine     -    - 1.50  Mail on Hampton's  -    -    - .50  Regular Price 53.00  Both for $2.oo  Fill out Coupon and mail at once.  CLIP THIS COUPON NOV/.  Pub. vve?torn Call. Vancouver, B. C.  Enclose.; kl.C") for which send the Western Call  for one year a:i<:I Hampton's Magazine for one year,  in accordance with your special offer.  NAME   STREET W^$mg%w������?������mm>&  THE WESTERN CALL, VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.  m  The Oddfellows on the Hill initiated  some three men on Tuesday evening.  The attendance was large.  Mr. Wei ford are popular photographer is offering special inducements  for a short time.  In this issue you should profit  reading Welfovd's 'add snap.'  by] Mrs. E. Williams, of 66 Eighth avenue, etst, has gone to reside at Kel-  owna.  Mrs. Williams of 66 Sth ave., west,  left on Wednesday for Kelowua where  they will in future reside.  . Mrs. John Glover and Misses Pearl  and Gertrude Glover of Vernon B. C,  have been visiting with Mrs. Geo.  Glover of Kitsilano for the past week.  We are pleased to note that Mr.  Poole of 1(16 6th avenue, east, is nicely  recovering from his recent illness.  Messrs . G. Miller and T. Cavers  Started on a trip to Ontario points.  They expect to be gone some four  weelcs.  There were some S9 on the gymnasium floor at the Y. M. C. A. on Tuesday- evening.     A pretty good turnout;.  o  Two candidates, the present Mayor  Taylor and Mr. Alexander Morrison,  are thus far out for mayoralty honors.  Mr. Ralph Smith. M. P., provincial  organizer for the Liberals is in this  city on business connected with his  party. '  Messrs Mack Bros, have opened up  an undertaking establishment, at 2020  Granville St. They have a complete  equipment and give courteous attention.  On Tuesday in St. John's church a  very happy event took place when  Rev. Johnson joined in wedlock Miss  Winnifred Bell, daughter of Rev. Wm.  Bell, and Mr. Geo. Franklin. After a  short honeymoon trip Mr. and Mn.  Franklin will take up their residence  at Central Park.  Sir Thos. Shaughnessy, president of  the C. P. R., and TJ. R. Hoosmer, one  of the directors are expected in this  cit> on Sunday. v  Mr. and Mrs. Christie and daughter,  Alice, are now in San Deigo, Cal.,  where they expect to remain for aix  months:  The Provincial S. S. Convention of  the Adult Bible Classes is to be held  on October 20th and promises to .be  the best ever held. A banquet is to  be held in O'Briens hall.  The four room addition to the South  Hill school is just about completed.  Some time this week the building will  be turned over to the trustees, and  next, Monday morning it will be, in use  as class rooms. Later in the week  the addition will be formally opened.  The trustees expect to have Reeve  Pound and his council, together with  the Hon. Carter Cotton, at the ceremony. Arrangements have not been  completed, however, and the date of  the formal opening can not be announced until the latter end of this  week. Principal Clark is busy with]  a program that is certain to be both  interesting and entertaining.  Sunday  and   Monday  of  this  week  were certainly beautiful days.  On Saturday last, Mr.  of   37   Twelfth   avenue  Glengarry, Ontario.  J. Wightman  east   left   for  James Goard of Arbutus street, who  has been touring eastern points, returned to his home at Vancouver on  Sunday last.  The World's Champions, the New  Westminster Lacrosse team weie given a genuine trouncing on Saturday  last by tlie all-stars.  Dr. and Mrs. Gillespie of Cumberland, H. C. visited at the homo of Mrs.  W. A. Wilkinson, 717 Broadway, east,  thib week.  Mr. J. D. Ross and wife and Mr.  J. O. Perry and wife returned last  week I'roni their auto tour of Vancouver Island.  Miss Hill with her brothers John  and Roland of Armstrong, B.C.,  were guests the early part of the week  at the home of their brother Mr. Hill  of 345 Fourteenth avenue.  Miss K. Chapelle, teacher at the  school at East. Coquitlam, visited on  Friday and Saturday last week with  her friend Miss C. Sparling of 367  Seventh avenue east.  The Mount Pleasant Methodist Ladies held an 'at home' on1 Tuesday evening at which there was a large attendance. The entertainment was  much enjoyed. Refreshments were  served.  "Forward Steps in our society" was  the topic for discussion at the Mount  Pleasant Presbyterian Y. P. S. C. E.  on Monday evening. Miss P. A. Grant  and Miss E. Carmichael were the leaders for the evening. Several unusual  but very pleasing events happened at  this meeting. The first was a visit  of a goodly number of members and  friends from Westminster church C.  E., also a few from St. John's society.  A solo by Miss Alexander, of St.   An-. been set up in Denver.   The sign rep-  BLOCK PAVING.  A resident of Kitsilano recently applied to the Board cf Works for assistance and relief re the conditions of  the streets. After considerable di������ -  cussion, the resident, who was an  Irishman, became somewhat, impa -  tient and said, "Gentlemen can you  not get your heads to-gether and give  us a block pavement down there."  Wet weather���������rubbers���������lots on    the  'Hill.'  Mrs. Frank Goard is   expecte_d    out  of the hospital next week.  ( Sheriff Lacy of Santa Arra, Cal.,  J was locked in the county jail by two  [prisoners who escaped. A posse are  'searching the surrounding huis for  the convicts.  Rev. Merton Smith will preach next  Sunday evening in Knox Congregational church on "Great Britain's,  Awful Crime."  Spain has called out the "Reserves"  in anticipation of a general revolution  against ihe Royalists and against the  (Jiericals. Widespread dissatisfaction  exists with the Church dominance.  At the home of Mrs. McLintock, 617  Sixth avenue, east, on October 11, Miss  Elizabeth Allan Husband, formerly of  Dundee, Scotland, and Mr. James Chi-  vas were united in marriage by Rev.  Alex. Kenmure.  It is about, time the Board of Con -  'vol awoke to the position they have  i'tit the city in. They are responsible  for t he engineer, they, and they alone.  ft is to be hoped that the people re -  member this at the next election.  Portugal has quickly settled down  'to a republican form of government.  : Wholesale arrests of priests and nuns  follow revolution. Thousands to be  j deported. It is claimed that the ar-  'rogance   of   the   church   is   the   chief  cause of revolution.  A petition is being circulated among  the residents and property owners  rsking the British Columbia Electric  Railway Company to run their Davie  street cars right through to the Ferris  road, thus obviating the transfer  point at Twenty-fifth avenue.  Fifty-one   men   die,   result   of  mine  explosion  at Trinidad,  Col.  Col. Roosevelt takes trip in an  airship as most modern form of advertising.  When the addition to the South  Hill school is completed and turned  over to the school trustees, the little  school building adjoining it to the  north will be available for meetings,  dances and other affairs. At present  the little building is divided into two  rooms, but the partition will be torn  down.  Wellman, the polar explorer will  make a trip across the atlantic in an  airship. Almost ready to start from  Atlantic City.  Kaiser William is rediculed in a cartoon, reflecting on his speech re his  divine right.  A BEAUTIFUL ELECTRIC SIGN.  A very striking electrical   sign   has  Our sympathy is extended to Rev.  Father McCullough of the parish of  8t. Patrick w������p7 was bereaved ^on  Tuesday, of Wi inother at the ripe old  age of sixty. One daughter and six  sons are left to mourn her demise.  drew's, and a recitation1 by Mr. Burns,  I'of ...Mount Pleasant Society, were much  appreciated by all. At the close of  I the meeting-all present adjourned to  the gymnasium hall, where dainty refreshments were served by the social  committee.  Mr. A. Taylor . has started lip in  business as a plumber in South Van -  couver. He may be found on Ferris  Road between fifth and sixth streets.  He is a thoroughly experienced workman and wiU no doubt give satisfact -  ion to any one who will give him a  trial. v  The gang that the municipality has  at work on Westminister avenue In  South Vancouver found a need for  some earth on Tuesday and fortunately the Oddfellows hall needed some  excavation done. They got together,  with the result that a big hole will be  dug very quickly and the problem of a  good supply of earth has been solved  for the time being. When the exca -  vation is   completed   the   Oddfellows  mi.    r._i*������ u   n ,     1.1      ������>   1   1 will go right ahead with the fine new  The British   Columbia   Musical so-      .,.,       *  t A. ... .     ..    ,���������  Lester' DuildinS tnat tney wul erect-     It will  be located at the south west corner   of  resents a skyrocket shooting from the  ground to a height of 150 feet, . where  it explodes into hundreds of sparks  that fall in a shower to the ground.  This effect is produced by successively  illuminating a string of lamps running up the side of- the building to the  top of a tall framework on the roof.  Over a thousand lamps are used to  produce the effect.  ciety met Tuesday evening in  Hall to elect their officers for the ensuing year. Those chosen were: Hon.  president. Mr. A. P. Judge; president.  Mr. T. A. Robertson; vice-president.  Dr. Richardson; secretary, Mr. F. M.  Hirst; treasurer, Mr. W. F. Evans;  director and conductor F. Dunkley,  and librarian, Mrs. Machim.  Westminister avenue and twenty-  ninth. The building will measure 42  feet by 112 feet, and will he t^o storeys high, although provision for an -  other storey has been   made. The  ground floor of the building   will   be  SONS OF IRELAND.  A meeting of the society was held  on the 6th inst., in the O'Brien Hall  at ^o'clock p. m. Mr. G. R. Gordon,  (president) in the chair The princi -  pal subject of discussion was a proposed amendment in the By Laws and  nearly all the members present, took  part in the debate. It was finally decided to form a committee to consider  the question and Messrs. Crehan. Pyke  and Aitkin were duly elected to act on  said committee. .. v..  Members are requested to remember,  that the annual 'Social' will be held  on Thursday next 20th inst. and that  the committee have arranged a splen-  divided into stores.    The rest of  space will be let as apartments.  the did programnie for the entertainment.  The Kitchen Piano  A SOUTH BEND MALLEABLE RANGE  C=z  South Bend  Malleable  Range  is conceded by the stove trade  to be the Leading Range of  America���������handsome as a picture. Strength, durability,  economy and convenience combine an ornament to the kitchen; made of malleable iron and  Bessemer steel in;combination,  riveted together like a boiler.  It will last a life time. Saves  repairs���������saves the cook���������saves  time and labor���������and does more  and better work on less than  half the fuel of cast stoves.  No cracking, no warping, no  polishing, and no open seams.  Burns wood, cobs, hard or soft  coal.  A Perfect Baker,  Ideal Draft, Plenty of  Hot Water  A  Perfect  Range  Means Time for  Reading and Recreation, Time to give  to your Children.  Don't you think you have nut up with that old  cook stove Of noor steel range long enough?  Go to-day and see a perfect range.  You will find one at the store of  At the meeting of the Bible class of  Mt. Pleasant Presbyterian church on  Tuesday evening, at the home of the  leader, Mr. Thos. McKay, the follow -  ing officers were elected: Mr. T. H.  McKay, leader; assistant teacher, Mr.  Currie; president, Mr. Norman Somer-  ville: vice-president. Mr. Piper: secretary-treasurer. Miss M. Scott.  80,000 Railway Men on strike in  France.    Traffic tied up.  New Mexico will spend $10,000,000  in an irrigation scheme.  Hotel accommotiation is reported  short in Vancouver.  Man arrested at Sacramento as suspect of Los Angeles outrage.  Mayor Lee of New Westminster and  Ex-Mayor Keary have locked horns.  There should be something doing.  LOST���������On Friday morning, Oct. 7,  two automobile curtains, along the  following route:���������Westminster avenue. Eleventh avenue, Howard street.  Twelfth avenue. Scotia, Eleventh  avenue. Prince Edward Street, Eighth  avenue and Westminster avenue. Reward at 1946 Westminster avenue.  Royal City Fair will show large deficits this year, owing to wet weather  prevailing during fair week.  Enthused with the success of night  work in the city schools the South  Vancouver school trustees have decided to open some of their school rooms  for the purpose of teaching those who  cp.'nnot. get to school in the day. This  work will be begun at the end of this  month. If the enrollment is large  enough all the schools will be used by  the night classes. At present the  trustees will probably confine the  work to those schools closer in.  B. C. Electric will establish railway  yards at south end of Fraser River  Bridge, New Westminster..  Trains will commence to run on  Alberni brance of E. & N. next week,  running from Wellington to Cameron.  The National lacrosse team, feellne  considerably elated at having assisted  in one defeat of thp world's champion  New Westminster team, left for the  East yesterday morning. The Easterners received a royal sendoff. Quite  a bunch of local enthusiasts were at  the station and between cheering the  departing players and singing "Les  Nationales." the home talent rather  strained the vocal chords. All the  Nationals left with the exception pf  "Newsy" Lalonde. who is still in St.  Paul's -Hospital., and will .be there for  a week in all probability.���������Province.  Rumor that C. N. R. will build road  from Pacific to Hudson's Bay causes  excitement in Winnipeg.  "Oriental   Limited"  ran   for  forty  miles with engineer unconscious.  Duke of Cbnnought is on his way to  South Africaiuwhere he will officially  open tbe first union parliament.  The city will receive only $4,978.49  as its-share of the earnings of tbe B.  C. Electric Ry. Company for the  month of Sept., 1910.  Fishermen on Labrador coast are  facing famine owing to poor catch  this season.  Michal Burns, of Nanaimo, B. C,  was shot by the accidental discharge  of his own gun.   He will recover.  Samuel Gibbs, a magistrate of Lil-  looet, has been asked to resign by the  Attorney General for not enforcing the  Provincial- Liquor  Act. - ----- -----  Mt. Pleasant Council, R. T. of T..  held its annual rally on Wednesday,  there being a large attendance, some  who had been absent for some time.  j The quarterly reports of the secretaries were read, and showed an increase  in membership and also that the fin -  ances of the council were on a sound  basis. One new member, Miss Haw -  ipy was received and initiated. The  rsxt meeting will be held on Wednesday, October 20, in the new K. of P.  ball. It will take the form of a Hal -  lowe'en social, to which all members  and friends are cordially invited.  There will be a program and Mrs.  Chas. Keeler has consented to recite  several numbers.  W-   R-   OWEN  2337 WESTMINSTER AVE.  TELEPHONE 447  Ask for "Oven Secrets" "Inside Range Information,"  and a valuable Cook Book FREE.  NEWS (OF THE TO  Hundreds of lives are 'osf ln forest  fires in the "Rainy ,River District."  Much suffering and privation follows.  The Assyrian Colony of St. Johns,  N.B., have wlthwrawn their children  from Roman Catholic schools and  threaten to withdraw from the church  unless they are permitted to have a  priest of their own.  The coal miners of Spring Hill, N.  S., are on strike. Several leaders  were arrested for picketing. Mass  meeting of miners much incensed at  this injustice.  An employee of a Seattle Brewery  attempted to hold up a street car in  Seattle. Conductor and Motorman  capture him.  Japanese sealing crew was arrested  at Valdes, Alaska, by U. S. revenue  cutter.  MIMSM  CATHARINE MAY CALBRICK.  The funeral of Catharine May,    the  five months old daughter of   Mr.   and j  ?.Irs. F.  W. Calbrir-k. 1478   12rh   ave..j  East, took    place    on   Tuesday,    Rev.  Hall officiating.  J.   WATT.  The death tooh place yesterday, after a short illness, of J. Watt, of 757  Pender street east. The deceased had  been a resident in the city for seventeen yeais. Tho funeral took place on  Wednesday, lie-. Dr. Fraser officiating  ALEXANDER PREIG.  The deaih occurred edit copy please  The death' occurred this week of  Alexander Preis?, of South Vancouver,  corner of Wilson Grove and Fraser  avenue. The funeral was held Wednesday at ":30 p.m., from the family residence. Rev. Mr. Cameron conducted the service.  CATHERINE    MAY   CALBICK.  The death took place of Catherine  May, the infant daughter of Mr. and  Mrs. F. W. Calbick, 1478 Twelfth avenue east. The funeral was held on  Tuesday from the home of the deceased. The service was conducted by  Re. Sanford.  DUVAL.  The death toolf place Wednesday morning of Dorothy, the infant daughter  of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Duval, corner  of Twenty-sixth avenue and Martha  street. The funeral was held Thursday morning at 9.30 o'clock from the  residence, Rev. G. ,A Wilson officiat -  ing. {  SATURDAY  DAYS  H.  Macartneys  Superfine Toilet Soap, 8  cakes for    25C  'c  Don't forget to get some of  these nice kind of Graven-/l  stein Apples.    You won't i  get them at the price  again    $1.25/  Ogilvie's Rolled Oats, 4-ib.  packages at l&C-  Try our Butter. Money, re-1  funded if not satisfied; '\\  lbs. for ........  $1.00  Sago, 6 lbs. for.  25c'  Tapioca, 6 lbs. for...   25C(  Potatoes, per sack tpJU^Dj  Apples! Apples|! Apples!!!  While they last, all  kinds    tpl*������t)]  Corn Starch, 2 packages  for ..............   15CJ  Fresh Eggs, 3 doz. ������    ������   *.r777777:.$l.0Q|  Try Libby's Asparagus, large  cans, only    OflM  Sweet Potatoes, R lbs. for 25c  Try our Ten. We have html  (ln-ds of satisfied custom]  ers.   :$ lbs. for..   $1,01  Extra Choice Eastern Cheese]  2 lbs. for     35i  Lighthouse Soap, 0 cakes  for.     *&*)(  P. S.���������DON'T FORGED  HE ADDRESS.  Cor. Bridge S1  & Seventh Avi  PHONE 6126  m

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