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BC Historical Newspapers

The Western Call 1910-09-16

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 ���������������������������tf.^KWS-  .-rr ^y^-f^.v^rr^^.^rjr^t.r ~ *p* 7*r>*~. ..  ^���������JttCVlTO"'^-^  ���������     'k    ���������',-'.���������'  'X.  ^  ^������P i^/9/o  rial  ���������TrTi>fiwtHMr;������rtir������1WrJlftgcjJ  V7Cr  <s  \  >ARE YOU ON OUR LIST?  :N0! WHY?  \  SUBSCRIPTION $1 A YEAR  IN ADVANCE  \  Vancouver City, Mount Pleasant, South Vancouver arid The Province  VOLUME II  VANCOUVER, British Columbia, SEPT. 16   1910.  No. 19  ["Pertinent Comments.���������Aid. Whitesides' Object.���������Mayor  Attacks Mr. Wood worth.���������City unable to Instal  Civic Phone. ���������Mayor and  Farrall make  Agreement.  Last Monday's meeting of the City Council was marked with  jconsiderable feeling on tlie part of some of the members.  If' ���������. First fame a strong protest and denial from Aid. Whiteside  'relative to certain editorial remark's in The Province and News-  ^Advertiser on an automobile trip of the Fire and Poliee Committee  ito Bellingham. The editorials referred to contained the veiled iu-  tsiniiation that the committee had used the city autos to go to Belling-  Riam to inspect the automatic telephone system at the instigation of  Ian agent of the Company, and further hinted that the agent from  (Chicago had obtained a sort of hypnotic influence over some of the  aldermen, and that this was the reason they had attacked the B. C.  Telephone Co.' ^  Aid. Whitesides, speaking to a question of privilege, indig-  lantly denied this and clearly stated that the Committee had not  jven known there was an automatic system in Bellingham, but had  gone there on a social visit and to gather what municipal wisdom  that could be obtained. He was heartily supported in his statements  Spy Aldermen Enright, Crow, Roberts, MacKechnie and Hepburn, the  latter stating that he had himself observed Aid. Whitesides paying  Personally for the gasoline used on the trip.  The Mayor Takes a Turn.  Then following the above explosion of indignation, the Mayor  [eft the ehair on a question of privilege and made a most bitter  Attack on Mr.C M. Woodworth, who had been applying for a franchise for the automatic'system.    Mr. Woodworth was quoted as  lying at a Grandview meeting that the Mayor had been unfair in  lis treatment of him before the^Couneil, and that two aldermen  [fid also been over anxious iu the interests of the B. C. Telephone  His worship characterized these statements as a "lie" and  proceeded to severely castigate Mr. Woodworth, stating that he "ob-  ������cted to a man of Mr. Woodworth's calibre making any such state-  lents about him, and challenged him to cite any case where he,  lie Mayor, had favored the B.' C. Telephone Co;''   Mr. Woodworth  sked permission to say a word in explanation, but tlie Mayor, who  lad worked himself into a white heat, refused him the permission,  Vhereupon Aid. Stevens moved that .Mr. Woodworth be given an  |pportunity to explain briefly who he referred to when speaking  "two aldermen."   The Mayor seemed disinclined to put the  xtioii, but finally did so, and it was carried.    Mr. Woodworth  fated he had made nq statements reflecting on any aldermen, and  lat if reported.as doing so he had been misquoted, out as far as  statements regarding the Mayor was concerned he preferred to  [scuss th'ni in the public press or platform later on.  This closed for a short time the '' 'Phone'' nuestion.  #���������**'.'.'  Those Bridge Applications.  Aid. Hepburn drew attention to the fact that no application  Ld been made to the Railway Commission regarding the Park  five and Victoria drive bridges over the Great Northern cut, stating  it the Company had refused to reconstruct these bridges unless  .Jered to do so by the Railway Commission.   Aid. Stevens stated  lat he had repeatedly enquired about these bridges and understood  torn the solicitor that application had been made.   He indignantly  Indemned the methods in vogue at the City Hall in dealing with  jch matters andpointed out"the inconvenience and danger of the  lesent structures on Park drive and Victoria drive.   The assistant  llicitor.  Mr. Jones,  denied  any knowledge  of the matter,  and  Eiyor Taylor called the Alderman from Ward V. to order.   Subse-  jently Aid. Stevens produced minutes of Council showing the  iicitor had knowledge of the question and renewed his protest  lainst the carelessness of the department which, in this case, would  Ran long and serious trouble for those living in that section.  As a matter of fact, the bridge at Park drive is little short of  ..ninal, being only wide enough for the car line, with no allow-  Ice for foot or vericuiar traffic, this class of traffic beiug coni-  llled to cross on the tram tracks at serious danger.  ft It is a most important matter and the residents of East Ward  I should insist on some immediate action being taken to remedy  trouble.  .*    ������    ���������  The Phone Question.  Under the head of unfinished   business   Aid. Stevens again  fight to introduced his resolution re the 'phone question, but the  jiyor ruled it out of order on the ground that it had been "laid  the table" at the special meeting.   The alderman, however, pro-  |ced the minutes, which showed that it had been "laid over until  m>xt regular meeting of the Council."   The Mayor still refused  [.allow him to proceed, so the alderman from Ward V. moved that  resolution be taken off the table and discussed.   This was duly  (ionded by Aid. Whitesides, and with rather poor grace put to the  \eting by tho Mayor and carried.   The resolution reads as follows:  "That whereas the telephone system of the City of Vancouver is  satisfactory; and whereas it seems impossible to secure any im-  fcvements from   the   present   company   under   existing   circum-  [nces; therefore, be it resolved that we request the B. C. Telephone  >mpany to enter into an entirely new agreement with the city,  jodying the following:    (1) i Right to buy out on reasonable  ^ice���������say one year���������on an arbitrated valuation; (2) that a conduit  tern be installed wherever allocated by the City Council; (3) that  I automatic system be installed, providing a committee of the  fincil report favorably; (4) and to embody such other provisions  ire necessary, such as reduced rates, revocation of extra fee out-  of 1 1-2-mile radius, etc.; and that failing such a concession on  >part of the B. C. Telephone Company, that we forthwith enter  an agreement with the automatic system on the aforesaid lines."  In speaking to the motion Aid. Stevens roundly condemned the  [sent telephone company.    He cited among other things several  laus grievances, viz!, that the Company's employees were not  Irteous to subscribers and that it was impossible to get any sat-  iction from the Company relative to complaints; that the service  ?n in this city was wrteched and would not be improved with  new sub-station plan now being installed by the company; that  rates were too high and the extra charge of 25 cents per month  tside of the 11-2 mile limits was an unjust imposition on the pub  lic; that the.company acted in a high-handed manner in installing  their poles; that the conduit system should be installed in a large  portion of the city. The mover then proceeded to elaborate his  motion, pointing ont that he would be favorable to entering into  a new agreement with the company, along the lines referred to in  the resolution. He absolutely repudiated any desire to have a "dual  system'' but if the present company refused to deal reasonably with  the city, in his opinion, the city could most easily secure a system of  its own by allowing another company to install the system under  the conditions above referred to, with an additional provision that  the city share in the earnings of the company. He further stated  that if the Council were agreeable and were prepared to secure the  capital he would put up both hands for a civic phone outright. But  one thing was imperative and that was, the existing conditions must  be improved.  Aid. McTaggart agreed with the mover that something should  be done and that he also favored urging the present company to  enter into a.new agreement along the lines of the resolution. Aid.  McTaggart complained of the practice .of changing phone numbers  without notifying the subscribers and cited several instances where  serious loss and inconvenience had beeu suffered in consequence.  It was also impossible to moves/a phone and retain the same number, he was not favorable to a dual system but felt that the most  up-to-date system should be installed.    J7  Aid. Ramsay suggested some minor changes to the resolution,  viz.. that the word "better" be substituted for "automatic" and  that the words "municipal owned" take the place of the last clause  in the resolution. These amendments were readily accepted by  Aid. Stevens, the mover.  The Mayor thought the question should never have been brought  up. He stated that "the city solicitor and myself went to Victoria to represent the city before the Private Bills Committee to  secure the right to construct a eivic system and that they, representing the city, had agreed with Mr. Farral of the B. C. Telephone Co.,  that they would not give any franchise to another company, and  Mr. Farral had then withdrawn his opposition."  Aid. Enright then moved that the matter be referred to a-special committee to take the matter up and thoroughly investigate it.  This was passed.  .The Mayor then named Aid. Enright, Aid. Ramsay and Aid.  MacPherson. It was suggested to His Worship that the mover of  the resolution should be a memb'erof the; committee, but the Mayor  refused to appoint Aid. Stevens as a= member.  W. R. OWENS, ESQ.  Mr. Owens has proved himself to bethe true exponent of the interests   of  the people.   He not only attends to ourinterests in Stanley Park but also has  done splendid work in establishing andimproving the parks in the out lying  districts.  Some Facts.  When the Mayor stated that "the eity solicitor and himself  were the delegation which went to Victoria to secure the right, etc.,"  he deliberately ignored Aid. Stevens, who was also a member of the  delegation and argued the city's case before the Private Bills Committee, and it might lie incidentally mentioned that, he and Mr.  Farral had a rather boated discussion over the matter.  A still more interesting fact is this: The delegation consisting  of His Worship Mayor Taylor, the city solicitor! W. A. McDonald,  and Aid. Stevens had avconferoncc with Mr. Farrall in the Empress  Hotel at Victoria relative tn this same application. Mr. Farral  asked that the City agree not to go into "a civic-owned system without first offering to buy out the l>. C. Telephone system. Aid.  Stevens asked if the Company would agree to sell when asked to  do so. and if they would submit to arbitration. Mr. Farral refused.  Aid. Stevens would not consent to this one-sided arrangement and  so the matter was dropped.  The next day. however, the opposition of the B. C. Telephone  Co. was withdrawn upon some private understanding between the  Mayor and Mr. Farral. The Mayor now states that this understanding was to the effect that no other company should be allowed  a franchise, but he also states that the delegation consisted of himself and the solicitor. This is-perfectly true, as Aid. Stevens had  never consented to the one-sided arrangement with the B. C. Telephone Co.  *   ���������   ���������  Is the City Able?  As long as the B. C. Telephone Co. can tie the city down to the  agreement made by the Mayor not to allow any* other company a  franchise, they are safe from opposition for quite a number of years,  and the subscribers may rest assured that the service will only be  improved up to the point demanded to produce dividends, ignoring  the public convenience.  The city's bonded indebtedness is now up to the limit. If we  went into the telephone business we would have to do so upon a  separate, and distinct basis. This would require a further amendment to tbe Charter, so that the permission secured at the last session is worthless under existing circumstances. Then, further, even  if we had the power, it would be impossible for the city to secure  sufficient funds to finance the business, with the present company so  strongly intrenched. Our special assets would be nil. We could  not even state we had a "field," as it would be immediately stated  that the field was now occupied by the-Bl C. Telephone Co., so the  realization, of a ."civic 'phone" is almost impossible under existing  circumstances. On the other hand, if we can induce the present  company to agree to sell out on an "arbitrated" valuation, when  the city wished it, and agree to install a modern system to be approved by the Council after careful investigation, and such other  matters as are of vital interest, we would then-be in a position of  taking over a running concern, with the extensive assets, sufficient  to borrow any amount which .would be further required, and this  credit would be further strengthened by the fact that we would be  the sole occupants of the field, which iu itself is a valuable asset.  But supposing the present company refuse to deal (which is'  to be expected), what is our position? Simply this: We now have  the right to grant a franchise to any company we may wish, upon  any terms we may agree upon. We have also the right (but no*  the power) to enter into the business as a city; now, what is more  simple than to grant a franchise to another company,, upon such  terms and conditions as would virtually give the city control (as  outlined below) and allow them to install a modern system, and  when the city thought advisable buy the system out? We would  thus be able to overcome the insuperable difficulty, which now exists in serious reality, viz., our inability to finance an independent  system.  The conditions we would suggest as equitable in a new franchise would be:  (a) That the City have the right to take over the system at any  time after a stipulated period, say five years, at a valuation to be  adjusted by arbitration on certain conditions to be agreed upon;  (b) That the system to be installed must first be approved of by  the City Council;  (c) That conduits be used wherever named by the City;  (d) That a portion of the earnings accrue to the City as a  "royalty," the amount to be adjusted by agreement.  (e) Definite schedule of fees agreeable to the City, and all such  details as charges for removal of phones, changes of numbers, etc.  ��������� We could thus secure the installation of a modern telephone  system, virtually under the control of the City, without being compelled to sacrifice our credit, which at present is being utilized up  to the limit.       ' - ��������� '  Some will object that.this would mean a dual system. It would  for a time. But surely there is a sufficient number of public-spirited'  citizens in Vancouver who would be willing to pay a double fee for  a few years if there was a reasonable prospect of securing control  of a great public utility which at present is held by an unscrupulous  monopoly, which has its foot upon the neck of the publici ���������  We are convinced that, failing a' re-adjustment with the B. C.  Telephone Co.,, some such an agreement with independent parties  would result 'in the' new semi-civic concern securing control of the  telephone business of the city.  AMATEUR 8PORT.  It is a matter for regret that qur most manly sports are passing  into the'control of the professionals.  The disgraceful treatment of some of Vancouver's oldest and  most favorably known lacrosse players by Con Jones, the sport  Promoter, is only, a sample of whjt ju^ort degepe^^ the ;  hands of such persons.   It is no particular compliment to Vancouver"  that we have allowed our sport to largely drift into the conrtol of a  most questionable element.  There is some hope, however, to be gleaned from the prospect  of "championship" material in Jim Findley's amateur lacrosse team.  There is a desire to send this team east and many of our business  men have subscribed to half pay the expenses. This move deserves  encouragement. We understand that the professional "boss" of  the city's sports took up a collection for this purpose. It might be  as well to get the subscriptions independent of this source.  EVENING THINGS UP.  ("Collier's") ,  The:General Conference of the Methodist Church did some great  strokes for righteousness at Victoria, B. C, the past fortnight. It;  resolved in favor of church union for the Methodists, Presbyterians,  and Congregationalisms. It listened to a speech from Sir Wilfrid  Laurier, which is very much as if Dr. Sproule had been alloAved to  address a consistory of cardinals. But this is the day of rapproache-  ments, and it is a hard matter to prevent good Christians, no matter what sect, getting together. It expunged the famous disciplinary  clause in regards to cards, dancing, and theather-going. treating it  rather as a counsel of perfection'than as a rule of life. In this  enlightened age not even a Joshua can make the sun stand still. The  Conference saw through "authors" and other pale substitutes for  euchre and casino and Chose to deal with the devil in the open,  sooner than undermine character with futile deceptions. And then,  having gone ahead at a tremendous pace, it, re-elected Dr. Carman  General Superintendent and elected Rev. Dr. Chown associate, to  steady things up. Rev. Dr. Carman is the patriarch of the assembly,  lie is seventy-seven years old aud hais been twentv-six vears general  superintend,-ut. Before that he was Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In theology he is Ihe oldest living inhabitant of  "Pnley's Evidences." and has directed the affairs of the Church  alonir that line ever since he could think. The Rev. Dr. Chown, his  coadutor. is a much younger man and is a moral reformer of the  sternest sort. The duties will probably be divided this way. Dr.  Carman will carry the honors and Dr. Chown will do the* work!  Altogether, the General Conference of the Methodist Church has displayed a fine sense of averages right through the piece.  JOE MARTIN; THE PARADOX.  ("Collier's.")  A red blasting rage holds British Columbia at Joe Martin's impudence in saying that it was too much "on the make."   The Middle West may make money for money's sake, but British Columbia  would have you know that she makes it for the ease and graees of  life she can buy with it.    You catch the difference, of course.   Who  is this member for St. Pancras. London, who comes back over the  ocean to foul his old nest?   Was he never "on the make" in British  Columbia?    Did he quit because he was disgusted with money or  because he had enough?    Joe Martin is quite frank about it.* He  says it was because he had enough.   But what was enough?   Aye,  there's the rub.   Vancouver says it was a million.   Hastings town-  site and Springer's Heights made Joe Martin rich.   Who is he. then,  to cast the first stone?   Let him go back to England, to the House  of Commons, to his inconsistencies.   Let the erstwhile $25,000 a vear  solicitor of the C. P. R. lash the swollen corporations of the Old  Land.   Let the millionaire of Springer's Heights scourge the wealth  and privileges of the effete aristocracy of the Mother Countrv.   But  let him keep a civil tongue in his head when he talks to old* chums  who know all about him.   He got his.   Let them have a chance to  get theirs.  i*ry������a^$&l THE WESTERN CAT J.. VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA!.  <&  Matters Mercenary  MINING   STATISTICS.  A further portion ot" the annual statistics regaiuiiig names <tuu uuumes,  just issueu as a uiue cook, siio���������s ifcuc  the total numuei ot peiouus cugd^eu  in mining and quarrying in tbe noriu  exceedea hve ana t'oui-uitos millions,  of whom nearly oneurtn were eni-  ployed in the United Kingdom, auu  more than one-third in the tuitish Empire. More than half the total numue>  were employed in getting coal alone.  The figures, which apply to is>08, show  that the world's product of coal was  1,068,000,000 tons, the value being  estimated at more than $2,002,500,000,  the quantity showing a decrease, of  49,000,000 tons, and the value a decrease of $42,500,000, as compared  with the previous year. The total  output of gold was 21,000,000 oz., of  $447,500,000 value, the British Empire  supplying nearly 60 per cent.  During the seven months just elapsed no fewer than 160,000 new  people came to settle in Canada, mostly, of course, in this and other Western  Provinces. The bulk of them���������90,000  at least���������came from the United States.  FACT8  AND  FIGURES.  Trade between Canada and Mexico  is rapidly developing, the figures for  the past fiscal year having totalled  over two and a quarter million dollars.  Canadian banks opened twenty-  three new branches during July.  The business of the port of Montreal from tbe opening of navigation  to the end of July totalled over a million tons, 150,000 more than during  the same period of tbe previous year.  The revenue shows a betterment of  $27,000.  The mineral production of British  Columbia in the past year was valued  at twenty-four and a half million  dollars, one-fourth of the total for the  Dominion, and $600,000 in abvance of  the previous year.  The Sault Ste. Marie canal tonnage  for the four months preceding July  amounted to almost thirty millions,  as compared with twenty millions in  19Q������, and thirteen millions in 1908.  Canadian Pacific Railway land sales  in 1900 totalled $860,000. Mat year  they amounted to $6,600,000.  Montreal capitalists propose to  spend $300,000 io opening up tbe  Peace River district for settlers fa tbe  coming year.  The past four months have .witnessed the arrival of 92.000 immigrants into Canada. A significant  feature at this Immigration is that.  46,500 persons came from tbe United  States to make tbeir homes in tbe  West. There were also 35,000 from  tbe British Isles and 10,900 from  various parts of the Continent of  Europe.  The Tilt Cove Mine is only an ordinary low grade copper mine in the  506 square miles of the copper region  of Newfoundland. The great results  at Tilt Cove are due to good scientific  and economic management. For the  last eleven years to the end of 1909  it has paid $2,225,000 in actual dividends.  It is interesting to note the figures  as to arrivals of all kinds at Canada's  ocean ports. In 1898 the tourists  were 100; in 1909-10 they were 5493.  The "Returned Canadians" in 1897  were 484; in the fiscal year they were  26,953. "Immigration Proper" in 1897  was 19,304, and in 1909-10 it was  104,996.  AUSTRALIA'S  GOLDEN   FLEECE,  "Standard of Empire."  Australian sheep returns show a  gratifying increase, tbe Australasian  total (which includes New Zealand,  of course) at latest dates being 115,-  000,000 head, as against 109,000,000  twelve months ago.. These figures  indicate the marvellously strong position of the pastoral industry, and the  bright outlook before Australasian  producers at the present- time. Ag  strong point in the prosperity of Australia's wool industry is the steady  increase in the weight of the individual fleece. Since wool-growing  began in the country, the average  weight of the fleece has advanced  fromV3^1bs. to nearly 81bs. "With  45,000,000 sheep." writes the "Sydney  Daily Telegraph," of the flocks of New  South Wales, "we produce more wool  than we did when tbe flocks in the  State numbered nearly 62,000,000  sheep. This is progress in the right  direction. There is nothing to show  that we have reached tbe limit of the  omount of wool which a sheep, can  produce. It is falce economy to let  inferior sheep consume the grass that  will maintain a better animal."  FINANCIAL.  The mineral output from southern  Rhodesia during ,tbe month of July  was as follows: Gold, 46,367 ounces;  silver, 18,723 ounces; lead, 61 tons;  copper, 5 tons; coal, 16,267 tons;  chrome ore, 3304 tons; asbestos, 81  tons. The number of producers Is  173, and the value ot the gold produced ������195,233.  ELECTRICITY ON 8WE0I8H  RAILWAYS.  ^^--8weden-Mds...,falr.jtoJwdJh0_worl_d  shortly in tbe equHpment of herS^unk  lines with electricity, as a motive  power. The Parliament of that country, we learn from The Engineering Record (New York, July 23), has just  voted to build  a great    Government  pecially with respect to the railway  electrification planned. A long line  in exceedingly severe climate and  with moderate service is not, offhand  what- one =_would___consider .an. JdeaL  situation for electrification; but the  economics in,the situation appear tc  have been thoroughly worked out by  the government engineers, and the result, after mature deliberation, is de  termination to go ahead,- which is altogether   creditable   to   our   Swedish  trification.  power station at the Porjus Falls, for  furnishing industrial power and also i con(ereSi and a rotable event in what  for the electrification of the Lapland j ig to be the nistory of railway e'.ec  Railway.   Says the paper just named:  "Here within the Arctic Circle Is a  serious effort at tlie electricttcation of a  muin-llne railway and its branches,  while in'this country .progress is impeded toy debate as to wheibor ihe ex  penditures involml are r'^tifittble.  "The Swedish proposi'lo:: involve?  building at. these crept tails in th*> For  North a power-station for about ."0,000  horse-power equipped with *l\ generating units. . ... The plain includes a complete regulation of water  with three or tour regulating dams,  fcut for t'te development row undertaken at Porjus no storage is at present needed. The net fall avai'able is  about 170 feet. An interesting feature to Americans is that reinforced  concrete is to be liberally used in the.  dam. . . . The inlet and outlet  tunnels and space for the towers will  be in rock cuts, so that it is possible  to convey the water from the beginning of the inlet to the end of the  outlet In covered conduits, which is  a great advantage in view of the severity of the winter. . . . The  Lapland Railway is to be electrified  for all its . service, o* which one important part is the carrying of iron  ore. Tbe average power required at  the turbines for this service is expected to be about 10.600 horse-power  during the IS 1-2 hours of operation  the maximum service allowed for being 12 ore trains and two passenger  trains in each direction, in operation  simultaneously. .    .      Altogether  tbe project Is a remarkable one, e3-  GEMS OF WISDOM.  The man whose blood is pure has  nothing to fear. So be whose spirit is  purified and sweetened becomes proof  against these germs of sin. "Anger,  wrath, malice and railing" in such a  soil can" find no root.���������Henry Drum-  mono.  Edmund Burke, speaking in the year  1775 on conciliation with America and  on the best manner to preserve the  unity of the Empire, said, "My videa,  therefore, without considering  whether we yield as a matter of right  or grant as a matter of favor, is to  admit the people of our colonies into  an interest in the Constitution; and,  by recording that admission in the  journals of Parliament, to give them  is strong an assurance as the nature  A the thing will admit that we mean  forever to adhere to that solemn dec  laration of systematic indulgence."  Politics are not a game in which  first one side and then the other- side  scores a goal amid the applause of the  onlookers. Politics are not a personal  conflict between one group of distinguished men and another group competing for power. Politics are the attempt to secure government by the  best under the direction of the many  in the interests of the whole.���������Herbert Samuel.  Where you are liberal of your loves  and counsels be sure be you be not  loose; for those you make friends and  give your heart to, when they perceive  the least rub in your fortunes, fall  away like water from ^ye, never found  again, but where they mean "to sink  ye."���������Shakespeare (Henry VIII.).  If, for every rebuke that we utter  of men's vices, we put forth a claim  upon their hearts; if side by side with  every warning of deathx we could exhibit proof and promises of iminorital-  ity; if, in fine, instead of assuming  the being of an awful Deity, we were  to show them a near, visible, inevitable but all-benevolent Deity, I think  there would be fewer deaf children  sitting in tbe market place?���������Ruskin.  The problem of education is twofold  ���������first, to know, and then to utter.  Everyone who lives any semblance ot  an i:ner life thinks more nobly and  profoundly than he speak*; and'the  best teacher can impart only broken  images of truth.���������Robert Louis Stevenson.  ������*������fr������'t.������.i.������.;.������.i.������,;.������.;.������^^H|������fr������^  ji     Special  Tea  "t Regular 40c for'   -  "Mommy Raturnnd If Mot <  Satisfied.  FOR  ONE  WEEK ::  Coffee  Regular 45c for    - '    -      *tOo  35o  3  ��������� ���������  ;)     The above are specials at the \'  ') regular price.  ��������� |     If you are not satisfied with *>  ������������������ anything you get here we will re- ���������  ; | turn your money as freely aa we y  jj take it.  ��������� ���������  ��������� ���������     Don't forget the address.  WINSON  jWatkins;!  > ?. CASH GROCER  Cor. 71b AVE. and COLUMBIA ST.;:  HELEN    BADULKY ��������� Teacher  of  Elocution, Physical Culture and  Dramatic Art.   Plays Coached, Entertainments Directed, Platform Recital*  Studio: 992 Hornby Street  * Telephone R8535.  PROPERTY OFF THE MARKET.  ,. ersons now having listed property  as follows: Lots 28, 29:224, 526 take  notice that ,the same is hereby withdrawn. This property has been described and is known as 214, 3rd ave.  W. A. S. GOARD.  Prom the intrinsic nature of Its  facts, from our own natures as observers of tbe facts and from the peculiar relation In which we ttand  towards the facts to "te observed,  there arise impediments in tbe way of  sociology greater than those in the  way of any other science.-���������Spencer, in  "Study of Sociology. _      7  W. A. Mullen  2440 WESTMINSTER AVE  TCE CBEAM   FAFI OB  FRUITS, CONFECTIONERY,  CIGARS.    ALL KINDS** OF  SOFT   DRINKS  Some radicals during the discussion  i"few months ago, of the abuses of  lie British House of i>ords had mud.  to say about the perpetual pensio::  paid to the heirs of Lord Nelson, no'  ' ec-ause of any merit of their own.  but only because they were kin to the  ::reat naval commander. It was In-  imated, too. that many such pensions :  are paid by the government. The  chancellor of the exchequer has lately  issued a statement showing that there  are only four perpetual pensions. _Be  sides that to the heirs of Lord Nelson,  pensious are paid to the heirs of Ixird  Rodney, of the Duke of Schomberg  and^of Seignor d'Auverquerque. The  seignor was Henry Nassau, who saved  the life of William of Orange in battle.  The Duke of Schomberg was also rewarded for his loyalty to the same  William. He received a grant of five  hundred thousand dollars from the  English Parliament for his military  services, but turned it over io the king  when William was in need of money.  The pension to his beirs is interest  rm this loan not yet paid. Lord Rodney was the great admiral of the  iighteenth century. i;.  | ICE CREAM  t For LAWN PARTIES nil SOCIALS  per gallon, $2.001  V  ������?'  Special Discount to Frater- ������  nal   Orders   and *  Churches. 4  It is adversity, rot prosperity, which  breeds men;     as it is the storm, and  ot the calm, which makes the mariner.  ���������Selected.  NOTICE.  On and after September 15th, 1910,  all deliveries of coal made by tbe  undersigned companies will be on a  cash basts only. Cash to accompany  tbe order or to be paid to tbe teamster on delivery.  While we very much regret baying  to take this action, especially with  the trade of our customers who have  dealt with us on a credit basis for  years past, yet we find that on account  of tbe enormous growth of Vancouver  tbe expense of keeping credit accounts  for so many small items has become  prohibitive. v  MACDONALP 3UARPOLE & CO. Ltd.  H. P. HOWELL & CO., Ltd.  VANCOUVER COAL CO.  EVANS COLEMAN ������ EVANS, Ltd.  PRAIRIE PRODUCE CO.  Phone 3973  1941 Westminster Avenue.  New Laid Eggs '* . - ��������� . . - ' > - ��������� 4oc doa.  Orange Creamery Butter ��������� ��������� ��������� 3 lbs. for $100  Prairie Rose ^Creamery Butter ��������� - / 3 lbs. for $100  Fresh Alberta Dairy Butter        -      -      ��������� 30c lb.  Fresh Alberta Dairy Butter in tubs       -      -      28c lb..  ^^^ Fresh Buttermilk at jill times.  Leave us your name and address and we will call on you  twi ce  week.      i  Phone 4607       ���������       -        McGowen & Salter  THE   DON  2747 WESTMINSTER AVENUE, Near 12th  Richmend Efairy Ice Cream, Butter and Pure Cream  fresh daily. Try our Ice cream Sodas and Sundaes.  Woman's Bakery Bread and Confectionery, just" like  mother used to make.    You will note we keep only  the best.  A MODERN HOME;  On a corner lot, 40x100. This house is very convenient and  commodious and its plan and arrangement is in accordance  with modern ideas of construction.  IF YOU SEE IT YOU WILL WANT IT.  price i9 $7BOO  $2000 cash.       Good terms on balance.  Now if you can afford to consider a classy house, this  will suit you.  A. W. GOODRICH & CO.  LOANS    AND    INSURANCE  2450 Westminster A\e.���������.  REAL   ESTATE,  Phone 4672 ff*������S  LAND ACT  New Westminster Land District.  District of New Westminster.  TAKE notice that I, Irving L. Bain,  ot Vancouver, B. C, occupation wood  dealer, intend to apply for permission  to purchase the following described  lands: Commencing at a post planted  at the north-east corner of Lot 19,  thence north 20 chains, thence west 80  chains, thence south 20 chains, thence  east $0 chains more or lest to point of  commencement.  IRVING U BAIN.  April 18th. mo.  ftAJW APT.       -���������.,,'���������  New  Westminster  Land  iMntrtct  District of New Westminster.  TAKE notice that Ella Deboo, of Van  couver. B. C. occupation nurse, intends  to apply for permission to purchase the  following described lands:   Commencing- at a post planted at the  Northeast corner of T. L. 20021; thence  80 chains, more or less, North; thence  80 chains, more or less, West; thence 80  chains, more or less. South; thence 80  chains, more or less East, to point of  commencement, containing six hundred  and forty  /"640) acres, more or less.  ELLA PEBOO,  Name of Applicant.  William John Pascoe. Agent.  Date. April 15th. 1910.  &AVB ACT.  Take notice that I. W. J. Pascoe, of I  Vancouver, B. C, occupation Broker, in-|  tend to apply for permission to purchase!  the following described lands:���������  Commencing at ��������� post planted at the.  North-west corner of Di.strict Lot 1486,1  on the East shore of Howe Sound, thehcq  Bast 20 chainx; thence North 40 chains:]  thence East 20 chains; thence North 40  chains; thence West 20 chains, more or  leas, to the shore line; thence $:>utlM  westerly, following the meander or salo  shore line, 89 chains, more or less, ti  point of commencement, containing IM  acres, more or leas.  WILLIAM JOHN PASCOE.  February 4th. 1010.  ���������������  J  e������e8w*w mSSf. yi  New  Westminster Land  District.   /I  District'of New Westminster.       :]  TAKE notice that Ida M. 8. Pebou, o|  Vancouver, B. C, Intends to apply foi  perinbtslon   to   purchase   the   foliowini  described lands :���������  Commencing at a post planted at thi  Northeast corner of iT. 1* 2*261; then  40 chains, more or less. East; thence  chains, more or less, North; thence  chains,  more or less, West;  thence  chains, more or leas   North; thence  chains, .more   or   less,West;   thence  chains/more or -less. South;  thence  chainis,   more  or  less,  East;   thence  chains, more or less, South;   thence  chains,  more or  less, We<t;   thence  chains,  more or less, South;  thence  chains,  more or  less,  East  to point  commencement    containing six  hundi  and forty <M0) acres, more or lens.  IDA M. S. DEBOU,  Name of Applicant.  William John Pascoe, Agen  Date, April 15th. 1910.   4  ���������axiiwwiiiMiuuLuiIii.-WiiMaiw>wP������Pi  I Independent  !        Drug  gtore  (Lepatourel & mcRae)        t  Cor. 7th & Westminster 1  Avenues f  -.    . ��������� *  FARM FOR SALE.  25 acre Farm in the beautiful Okana-  ran Valley, half mile from town. Half  beared Orchard and small fruits of  UI kinds. Nicely plastered 7-roomed  lunaialow, with basement and Veran-  Ja half-way around. Madern. City  vater;   Bare, etc. *  First class soil. $8000.    Terms.  Apply  2344   Carolina Street.  We require about 20 Per cent. of the  value to build a house on any lot you  wish and the balance may be paid in  5 to 10 years.      No  loan   expenses or  extras to pay for.  Lougheed & Coate:  PHONE 1506.  633 PENDER ST., W. 'iBtonii&xBu&aii&mmt
One of the Most Up=to-Date Stocks
Oh  the Hill
Agents for
Cor. 16th and Westminster Aves.
��� ������������>�����������>�����������������������������������<>���'�����������������������������������������<������������������������
Special attention given to Lame
and Inerfering Horses.
I   Between Sixth end Seventh    PRINCE     EDWARD     STREET
Westminster R'd
Published by Request of J. E. Rutherford, Live Stock Commissioner at
For a number of years it has been
evident and it is now a matter of
common knowledge that the sheep industry tn Canada, particularly as re-
'gards the general production of market sheep and of high-class wool, has
been in an increasingly decadent condition. Not only has the number of
sheep owned in the country been
gradually lessening, but the interest
in sheep-growing has itself been on
the wane. The census of sheep in
Canada reveals the fact that the Dominion, as regards the number of
sheep kept, compares not at all favorably with other great agricultural
countries of the world. Indeed, as
compared with them, It has permitted
sheep raising to become a somowWt
Insignificant phase of its agriculture,
notwithstanding its adaptability both
as regards soil and climate for the
growing of mutton and wool. In 1909,
according to agricultural returns,
there were in the United Kingdom
31,838,833 head of sheep, in the Argentine 67,211,754 head, in Australia
87,043,266 head, in New Zealand 23,-
480,707 head, whle the latest returns
from Canada place the number at not
more than 2,705,390 head. In view ot
Che fact that sheep have not only a
direct and primary value through the
actual financial returns which they
make to their owners, but because
they represent as well in themselves
a peculiarly important asset in agriculture owing to their ability to increase soil fertility and to check and
destroy the growth of weeds upon the
land, the situation which the above
figures suggest appears to be a rather
critical one and one which may well
receive careful consideration.
pHONfi 1360
We hear a good deal about this
store being "Tod pear." W��
challenge comparison with sny
���tore in the city in staple lines
of goods. Of course we hear
now >nd again of "Snaps*"
There is no such thing as a snap
in first class articles. All price*
rale alike. Call and convince
Always a choice selection of
fresh fruits and vegetables on
3334 Westminster Avenue.
<;     Beds, -Be4 Sprint*  and Mat-
| tresses.   Dressers . and Stands, \ \
Extension and Kitchen Tables, *',
I Carpet Squares, Linoleums, Oil \',
j I Cloth with leather seats. Easy J|
[Chairs,    8ofas,    Crockeryware, \\
[ Japanese   Spuares,   all   bIwbs,
Hugs, Lace Curtains and Poles.
It is hoped that the Investigations in
Great Britain will ^put the Branch in
possession of such information and of
such facts and statistics as may enable
it to. intelligently assist in building
up a great Canadian business in the
raising of sheep and also in finding
a place for the Canadian products of
wool and mutton in the commerce' of
the ^world.
'Returning to Canada, the investigators will visit all the Provinces and.
interview prominent sheep men and
manufacturers in order to familiarize
themselves with the difficulties, drawbacks and defects in conection with
conditions as they now prevail and
which have hitherto operated to retard the advancement of the sheep industry in the country. It^is expected
that they will gather information as
to the Injury Inflicted on our agriculture through the decline of Inter?
est in sheep raising, that they will
take note of the localities where the
growing of sheep could be most easily and profitably encouraged, and
and that, bringing to bear the suggestions gleaned trom their general enquiry upon the various phases cf the
situation as they find It in Canada,
they will draft recommendations for
the guidance of the Commissioner in
framing, in the very near future, such
a policy as will prove in the best interests of the industry.
Canatte has, undoubtedly, wonderful
possibilities and large opportunities in
connection with the development of
its sheep population. The present investigations have Seen undertaken as
preliminary to the adoption of a permanent scheme for the encouragement and upbuilding of the industry.
In the belief that Canadian agriculture
must of necessity suffer severly while
sheep remain so few in number in
the country, the Minister and his of-^
ficers ..will not be satisfied until statistics show a return of at least ten
times the present estimate and until
The reasons for the decline in the
sheep industry-in Canada have been sheep-raising has established itself as
the subject of much comment in vari- j a recognized factor in promoting the
ous ways, and while these need not j national prosperity.
be discussed in this note It may bet ���   ���
well to   state   that  the Live    Stock!
Branch has had its attention vert' ur-1    THE CAMP MEDICINE CHEST.
gently directed toward the present un
satisfactory status of the business and
in recognition of its. importance to the
country generally has now decided
that the time is ripe for the Canadian
government to consider a comprehensive policy and to undertake the
definite and extended measures likely
to operate toward the encouragement,
improvement and development of the
industry as a  whole.
As a preliminary to the adoption
of any settled policy, and in order
that the Live Stock Commissioner
may inform himself thoroughly as to
2   Western Call���WL
A camping trip which Is likely to
involve either prolonged stay in a permanent camp remote from civilization,
or continuous travel through the wilderness, ought not to be undertaken
without a small but carefully chosen
supply of medicines. .'; }
First in order of importance comes a
mild cathartic. No disaffection Is sb
common among campers as constipation. The diet usually Includes only a
limited supply of vegetables and almost no fruit. Abundance of exercise
causes perspiration, and thus draws oft
the  details  of the  sheep   and   wool!a large portion of the moisture of the
trade in Great Britain and the United" body through the P��res    ��ne of the
best  cathartics  is   a  combination   of
2241 Westminster Ave.
Near Corner 7tH
The  best  stock of ARMS,
be found at the store of
| Chas. E. Jisdall f
618-620 Hastings St.        |
If it is
irst   Class   SHOEMAK-
Iron want, go to ,    _rt
2511 Westminster Ave.
(Near Broadway)
Ve guarantee our worn to be as good
as any in the city.
Dr. A. E. Wark
/ill open an   OFFICE  in the
Westminster Ave. and 8th Ave.
about AUGUST 8th. '10
^arge assortment of
Reg. 50c value for 25c.
jrner lOtb aod Westminter Aicne
South Vancouver
Westminster Ave.
Cakes.   Pastry
Bread, Confectionery. Etc.
Wedding   and
Birthday Cakes]
a specialty
South Vancouver Bakery
Geo. HERRING, Prop.
Westminster Ave.
Empress Theatre
Sunday, 11th
Sunday, 18th
Subject���Religion, Social Justice
Sunday, 25th
Subject-Class War
Sunday, Oct. 2nd
States, and as to conditions as the};
actually prevail In Canada, the Minister of Agriculture has authorized
the appointment' of a committee of
two competent men to investigate the
sheep situation in general in "these
three countries named. At the same
time it is the expectation that, without an actual visit, they will gather
as much information as possible concerning the trade of the other great
sheep-producing countires in so far as
it may. be _of interest in the ..-develop-,
ment of the industry in Canada. It
has been thought advisable to have
this committee consist of, in the first
place, a wool expert whose special
training has . made him familitr with
all the technical and practical phases
of wool markets and woollen manufacture in the United Kingdom and
Canada; and in the second place, a
capable Canadian sheep breeder
whose experience has given him a
omewhat extended knowledge of
gencltmen have already been appointed and are at present pursuing
their investigations in Great Britain.
The personnel of the committee consists of Mr. W. T. Rich, of Manchester, England, and Mr. W. A. 1 Myden,
of Brooklyn, Canada.
After consultation with the Live
Stock Commissioner the members of
tlie committee have of course been
allowed the liberty of depending
largely upon their own initia'.ive in
planning their route and in evolving
the details of their investigations.
The general proceedure will, however,
be somewhat as follows: Mr. Ritch
preceded Mr. Dryden. to England in order to attend a number of important
wool fairs in progress duiirg- August
and September. There he will be in
close association with wool merchants and with men interested or
engaged in the woollen trade in its
several branches, and will thus be
enabled to discuss with them in all its
phases the various details of the industry in connection with both home
and foreign markets.
Both members of the committee are
sheep farming in this country. These
arranging to be present at the big
late summer and autcmn sheep sales
which are annually held in the latter
part of August, during September and
in October. They will visit Smith-
field and the larger meat markets of
London and of other important cities.
cascara segrada, podophyllin and extract of belladonna. It is put-up in
pills, usually of two grains, and is
easy to carry and to take.
If one is to travel through a malarial region, quinine is necessary. There
is no better form than that of a pill,
In which is also a -very small portion
of arsenic. They are obtainable of any
druggist. In case of a sudden chill, or
long exposure, or an accident which
calls for a quick stimulant, Jamaica
ginger is efficacious.       - -���-~
For severe colds a supply of aspirin
tablets���five-grain���will be found to
furnish, in most cases, a prompt and
safe remedy.
When one *is far from civilization, an
emergency may arise which makes necessary something to relieve intolerable pain���an acident or a sudden attack of acute illness. One should be
prepared. It is well, before starting,
to consult the family physician about
this, and to take whatever he may
These are all the items necessary
to consider for internal use. If. is well
however, t.o tnke a few things for outward application, in case of need.
Tablets of bichlorid of mercury���
corrosive sublimate���furnish it' ready
means of providing an antiseptic wash
for cuts or oilier wounds. It is only
necessary to dissolve a tablet, it; sufli-
cient water to make ;i solution of one
to three or four thousn.nd. The bottles containing the tablets give necessary directions.
A package of absorbent cotton, a
roll of narrow bandages and some surgeon's adhesive plaster complete the
list, which considerable experience has
shown to be all that is necessary for
any ordinary camping trip.
An excellent way of carrying the
medical supplies is to cut a piece of
sufficient size from an old quilt or
"comforter," bind the edges, and sew
pieces of wide tape on the inside. The
bottles and boxes can be thrust under
the tapes, and the whole rolled together in the piece of comforter .and
By George Bancroft Griffith.
A boy is sometimes like a piece of
iron, which in its rough state isn't
worth., much, nor is it Of very much
use, but the more processes it is put
through the more valuable it becomes.
A bar of iron that is only worth $5
in its natural state is worth $12 when
it is made into horsehoes, and after it
goes through the different processes
hy which'it is made into, needles, its
value is increased to $350.^ Made into
penknife blades it would/ be worth
$3,000, and into balance springs for
watches, $250,000. Just think of that,
boys, a piece of iron that is comparatively worthless, can be developed into
such valuable material! But the iron
has to go through a great deal of hammering and beating and rolling and
pounding and polishing; and so if you
are to become useful ad educated men
you must go through a long course of
study and training. The more time
you spend in .hard study the better
material you will make. The iron
doesn't have to go through half as
much to be made into horseshoes as it
does to be converted into delicate
watch springs, but think how much
less valuable it is. Which would you
rather be, horseshoes ' or watch
springs? It depends on yourselves.
You can: become whichever you will.
This is your- time7of preparation tor
manhood. '        ;
"A boy at the wood pile is worth two
on the street," laughed Uncle Dick,
over the fence, with an approving nod
at his industrious nephew. "There is
a new proverb for you���eh, Billy?" as
the boy looked up with an appreciative
grin. . ���
"I like this job. It's green wood and
cuts easy. I'm making the chips fly so
as to have it all cut up and put away
before it gets dry and hard."
"You don't look so very unhappy
over your hard lot," Uncle Dick went
on, the pretended sympathy in his
voice belied by the twinkle in his eyes.
Billy threw back his head and laughed.
"Unhappy! >Vhy, Uncle Dick, I'm
Just as happy, cutting; this wood as I
am when I'm helping to win a game
on the Sure Nine. It isn't any harder
work, and Just think of the cookies
and good things it will bake when I
carry it In and mother uses It." :
Uncle. Dick chuckled oyer his enthusiasm.'','. ' -'���' :"i
.... "I see there is no stopping you ^in
(your reckless career. I might as well
move on," 'he said/" "But, Billy, you
remind me of the man they tell abojut,
who was asked if he was happy at his
work. !
" 'Happy,'" he Bald, "'of course I'm
happy. Don't stand round here in my
way and ask foolish questions when
I'm busy. Happy! I haven't time to
be anything else,'" and Uncle Dick
went off whistling, with the laugh of
the youthful busy one In his ears.
Then Billy turned once more to bis
task, and went on cheerfully fulfilling
the command.
prive him of that right which he
derives from the law of nature. If,
therefore, you have any regard - to
justice, render unto all men their just
due. Give liberty to who liberty is
due, that is to every child of man, to
every partaker of human nature. Let
none serve you but by his own act
and deed, by his own voluntary choice.
Away with all chains, all compulsion.
Be gentle toward all men; and see
that you invariably do unto others
as you would that they should do unto
Opposition to Slavery.
Neither a borrower nor a lender be:
For loan oft loses both    itself    and
And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry.
This above all,���to thine ownself be
And it must follow, as tbe night
the day.
Thou can'st not then be false to any
man. '    ,
In Hamlet.
The coal dealers will get bltfme and
many hard, luck stories following their
announcement of "cash only with order." In the end the public will be
the better for it as the price of coal
can be kept more within reason when
those who do pay their bills are not
compelled to part pay for their neighbor's coal and when the collector's salary is not also deducted there should
be several dollars saved In his yearly
coal bills. With .the price of all food
stuffs and actual living expenses so
high it is often very hard for a man
tocatch up when once he gets behind,
so the "cash only" is in reality a blessing. It would be well to remember
that Vancouver's streets are not all
they should be ln the rainy season
and when possible fuel should be gotten ready before the rains, saying
wear and tear on both horses and tern-
The Exhibition was a success though
we cannot agree entirely   that   this
time of the year was the best for exhibitions.   It had been hoped to hold It
la'er  when a better showing of garden, farm and fruit products might
be had, but, lo, bad this been done the
string* of horses that are booked from
race track to race track could not bare
co^e, and the horsey men who talk
of "saddles and lineB" and "reins and
teams and pairs" would not-have a
chance   to   parade   their   picked-up
knowledge of the hoiBc and his kingdom.
The new skirts are here and .thei
majority of the women will rival the
cartoonist at his best.   The skirts are
very short and narrow, and if milady
Ye shall rejoice in all I be slender, young and  fair and  not
that ye put your hand  unto."-
What though on homely fare we dine,
Wear hoddin-grey, and r.' that;
Gie fools their silks, and knaves their
A Man's a Man for a' that.
j���Robert Burns.
A  Terrible   Threat.
Immature Conductor (to clarionet
player)���See here, Herr Schlag, why
don't you follow my beat?
Veteran Clarionet (solemnly���If tow
don't look o*It, I vill'.���Puck.
My firm persuasion Is, at least sometimes, *
That Heaven will weigh man's virtues
and his crimes
With   nice   attention, in   a   righteous
And save or damn as these, or those
I plant my feet upon this ground, of
And   silence  every  fear with���God  is
is just.
Wm. Cow per.
Practice is a more intricate and
desperate business than the toughest
theorising: life is an affair of cavalry,
where rapid judgement and prompt
action are alone possible and right.
Robert Louis  Stevenson.
Let the life be filled with the spirit
of the springtime. Let the voice in
its heart always keep saying to it,
"Yon are to go on filling yourself with
vitality and joy, day after day, month
after month, and then cometh the
end:" ard then it is not a cessation of
lite, but a fuller life which the heart
expects. The end which comes to
tne promise of springtime shall be
the luxuriance of summer!���Phillips
Brooks.    -
Com- compelled to climb tram cars or get
about in a hurry may be good to look
at. The trouble with such fashion fancies a woman will not remember how
she is built and plan her gown accordingly, but buys whatever is shown
regardless of how unsuitable it is for
the  ordinary  figure.
Some of tbe new dress materials are
exquisite.. For.the dress-up gown the
thin, chiffon .like good8���_are._beaut|ful
���and for the street one is shown
beautiful tweeds and cheviots. The
strictly man-tailored garments are
the most correct for the suit or coat
and skirt. Blouses should match in
color but can be as lovely as one's
purse or imagination will permit.
A perfectly correct hat makes one
look utterly smothered, they simply
extinguish one. They are rather simple as to trimming and depend upon
the shape for the elusive something
called "style." The hats 'of stitched
tweed, suede or leather are very smart
with the bright colored feather at one
side. Willow plumes are going out.
That is, they are being made by machinery and becoming very cheap���so
it's wiser to buy a heavy plume without a willow if you expect to wear it
next year.
It is rather pleasing to know that the
day of the princess dress is past. A
pretty belt and a trim waist do not
leave so much to the imagination as
the ill-fitting one piece garment seemed to do. The new belts and collar are
a delight to the woman who likes to
do things at home, and a visit to the
different shops always sends one home
so full of ideas that the little troubles/
and depressions forget to bother us
and the world is better for our romancing over new clothes.
No function can be assumed by any
tribunal upon the earth of higher consequence than that which you have
now assumed���to substitute your
judgment for the war which alone,
without such a judgment, could settle
.-he questions of right between these
two great countries.���Senator Root (at
The Hague Tribunal on the fisheries
Liberty Is the right of every human
creature as soon as he breathes the
vital air; and no human law earn de-
������ -^km*
Abraham's  Predicament.
The Sunday-school class had reached
the part in the lesson where "Abraham entertained the angel unaware."
"And what now is the meaning of
'unaware?' " asked the teacher.
There was a bashful silence; then
the smallest girl in the class piped up,
"Un'erware Is what you takes off before you put? on your nightie."���Llp-
tintott's. THE   WKSVJORV   '���������'>���������'.    v  V til n,  Sk,  lf?k;  3-'::~','.''  J41 .'���������' ���������"������?���������:  II  lv.  EVERY  LADY  That for best quality  groceries handled in the  cleanest manner, she has  got to go to  KELLY'S  GROCERY  We excell in Fancy  Goods  Fancy Pickles Jams  Chutneys Marmalade  Sauces Fancy Cheese  Olives Canned Fish  Fancy Biscuits  Can'd Fruit  Preserves    Meats in Glass  Peaches  For preservirg. We have  another large shipment of  Early Crawfords which we  are selling at per crate 80c  Plums  for preserving���������all varieties per crate, 20 lbs.    65c  Pears  Fancy Bartlets, 40 lbs. in  Box $U5  Apples  Fine all round Apples,  40  lb, box $1.25  Coffee  If you like good coffee try  KELLY'S. *���������. Jit costs no  more than most stores  charge you for poor coffee.  Per pound 40c  Tea  We carry every brand of  Tea on the market. You  simply tell us the brand ycu  like best and we hand it  out. We don't urge you to  take some cheap special.  G. S.  KELLY  MOUNT  PLEASANTS  LEADING  GROCER  2333 Westminster  Avenue  PHONE 938  \  ������������������a    *-"*<���������������������  Did the illustrated number of The  Western   Call  meet    with    your  ap.  proval?  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������l  JSHQES    SHOES,  Join the crowd and take advantage of the  GREAT   VALUES    IN    FOOTWEAR  *  which are being placed before you  at  Miss Ethel Hay, of Toronto, is here  on a visit at the home of Mrs. Marshall of 886 Broadway.  That is a pretty fine display of footwear in the window of Woods' store on  Westminster avenue.  BORN ��������� To Mr. and Mrs. W. Willox  of South Vancouver, Thursday, Sept.,  15, a son. ;  Mrs. Law and son. after a visit with  relatives on the Hill, returned on  Monday to their home at Kamloops.  Another car of furniture to suit the  taste of the thrifty housekeeper at  Edgar Furniture Store this week.  WOODS  We carry a full stock of FALL SHOES which' have  recently arrived from the East.  REPAIRING  done on the premises  WOOD'S SHOE CO.  i    Cor. 6th Aye. 2155 Westminster Ave.  Mrs. J. H. Hamilton, 18 Eighth avenue, went to Calgary on Monday to I  visit with her daughter (Edna), Mrs  P. Whinster.  Mrs. J. E. Merryfield and Master  Basil of Prince Rupert, B. C, are on  an extended visit to Mrs. D. McCall  Stitt of Sixth avenue west, Mt. Pleasant.  Townley & Harper, plumbers, who  have been located at the corner of  Broadway and Westminster, have  found their business forging ahead so  fast that new and more commodious  quarters have been secured to keep up  with the pace set by the Hill. They  may now be found in the tine new  cement building at 154 Seventh  avenue.  Mount Pleasant Livery  NEW STABLES  2545 HOWARD STREET  NEW EQUIPMENT  -     PHONE 845  HACKS, BROUGHAMS, SURREYS,  SINGLE AND DOUBLE DRIVERS.  Night Orders promptly attended to.  The Falrview Methodist Church  Auxiliary of W. M. S. entertained their  sister organizations of Mount Pleasant  and Kitsilano Methodist Churches on  Thursday afternoon. Rev. Morgan, a  returned missionary in charge of foreign missionary work in Vancouver,  addressed the meeting. A very pleasant and profitable time was spent. At  the conclusion of the meeting the  members enjoyed a very fine afternoon  tea.  Paper Hangingfand Kalsominini  E. H, PiNK'&SOPT77  i^T965-Sth|!AVE., WEST FAIRVIEW  interior Decoratirf, Sign Painting and Hardwood Polishing!  HOUSES  FOR SALE '  PHONE 845  PHONE 845  THANKS  Mr. and Mrs. ,L.'Penwick Dickson of  27th Ave., W.,'desire to tender heartfelt thanks to resident* who so kindly  assisted in the search for their, son  Fenwick, Thursday evening, especially  to the Captain n nd the Boy Scouts,  Reeve Pound. Offi'er Crowder and the  good people who cared for him untK  found.  The little feJ'ow !s only five nnd had  rambled up to the Mountain Cemetery.  A very enjoyable social was held on  Tuesday .evenirg. in the.Mt. Pleasant  Baptist Church parlors, under the direction of the social committee of the  Junior.B. Y. P. U. Miss Louise Alexander presided and the following delightful programme was rendered by  the young peop'e:��������� "  1. Pianoforte sclo.......Mary.Croston  2. Recitation..  3. Solo   4. Recitation..  f>. Violin solo.  (!. Recitation..  ........ .Bessie Rife   Mamie  Olts  .Carman   McArthu'1   Jessie Watson  .-.Mr.-'Fred. Vernon  7. Duet. ..Lillian Kev and Bessie Rife  8. Recitation Ethel   Jordan  ii. Violin  solo _.. .Jessie Watson  10. Recitation Pauline Seligman  11. Solo Charles   Henry  Al the conclusion'cf the programme  some games were played, after which  t^e guests were entertained at a dainty  ci;r)r>cv .p-p'Tjiyp'i by the social com-  rii-'tpp. ocmpr���������������������������''���������! of Miss Myrtle and  Mn���������?.'?���������? r'lT-;, yfrz Jessie Watson and  ?.V.sc' Vernn Deirisen, who were assisted by \7'?s Ri-fp and Miss Edge.  J. rr. M"eR?r, tbe manager of the  Mt. P'ea??nt branch of the Bank of  Commerce, is now taking his holidays.  During his abserce his duties will be  looked a'*<?r by Mr. James, lately of  St. Jchn's, N. B.  EXPRESS and BAGGAGE  Mount Pleasant Mvery ^  Your wants attended to with the utmost despatch and v. ith a rf^  courteous treatment  t.B. C#  C.B.C.  CB*C.  C.pJC.  c.c.  WAST A J3QME, 7EH1   ,,  HOUSE��������� 7 rooms, modern, furnace, cement floor in base1]  ment, 2 toilets, stationary;"washtubs, etc., $3600���������$500  cash, balance arrange.  BUNGALOW-5  rooms,   basement,   etc., on 10th ave.���������1  $2625;   close in.  CITY BROKPJWGe CO  Branch- \ 64 Broadway fcV:   0. J. PIWR0T   Hyr.  C.B.C.  C.B.C.  C.B.C.  C.B.C  C.B.C 7  William R. 'WcWi.  ^���������fifffffffffffffffffffffl  Harold CPfccHwc  TENNIS TOURNAMENT.  On Saturday afternoon a tournament was held by the Victoria and St.-  Michaei Tennis clubs. There were  nine sets, made up of singles and doubles, and the two games came out with  on'iy one pcint in favor of the Victoria  club. The ladies' sets were made up  of the following from the Victoria  club: Mrs. Grayston, Miss McAllister,  Miss A. Russeil and Miss Gladys McAllister; the St. Michael's club, Miss  Curtis. Miss. Colbourne, Miss Harris  and Miss Brekman. The gentlemen  sets were made up of Messrs. D'Arcy,  Birmingham, Grayston, Faulde, Archer,  Nick:in. Helyer, Eadie, Williams, for  the Victoria club, and Messrs. Clode.  Tripp, Knowles, Coy, Lewenden, B.  Moyls and J. Moyis for St. Michael's.  After the tournament a choice and  dainty supper was served in the dining  hall of St. Michael's church.  TELEPHONE 3539 ���������������������������(]  MIDWAV ELECTRIC CO.  ei.:ectr:i cat. contra ctors  329 Broadway W  VANCOUVER, B.  Electrical Chandeliers  Bells, Fittings, House wiring  Motor  Wiring unci Repairing  Telephone   Systems  i' ...  - ������^nMr paper Danger, Painter  W. J. PERRY  and Decorator  SPECIALIST in all kinds of Interior and  Decoi  ative Work, Churches,  Schools, etc.  12022 Westminster Ave. ���������E5S2.C5ST  How They Do It.  In a hotel in Manitoba is the following notice:  "Boarders are taken by the. day,  week or month. Those who do not  pay promptly are taken by the neck."  ���������Lippincott's.  Fortunate.  Horses Later.  "My lord, the carriage waits  out."  "Without what, base valet, wif|  what?"  "Without horses, my lord���������it is  automobile."���������Brooklyn Life.  Dusty.  "Did Tom have any luck hunting tigers in India?"  "Yes; great luck."  "How?" fj  "He didn't meet any tigers."���������Tit- j    Porter���������TBout fifty cents" wutb.,1  Bits.     ���������������������������'' ���������Boston Transcript.  Train Passenger  (to porter wl  wielding whisk)���������Much  dust on ^  i porter? '1   C  >|  ! f.J \  i>r.' v t-^T'rnv cm l  \'A:.c������>rvn:  MWi-arwin ^.<fcfcfc������i>. AjAvmwiMU w. ���������  >  i  TEXADA ISLAND COPPER COMPANY, LIMITED  CAPITAL, $250,000.00, in shares of par value of $1.00.  LOCATION.  On Texada Island, 2% miles from the Town of Van Anda. and only 35 miles from the  Tyee smelter at Ladysmith.   Further it is within 70 miles of Vancouver.  Good Harbor and first class wagon road. ,  DBVBLO^ra.,  "A" shaft. 85 feet. ���������������'              ^VT-ki'^"--  "B" cross-cut. 27 feet.  ' " " :*F?. ���������;������������������������������������������������������-���������:.;;���������  ������������������"C" drift. 25 feet. ..���������.���������v.vV.      '  "D" drift, 8 feet.  Lead 8 feet wide, traced on the surface for 700 feet. This showing is unsurpassed in this  district.  ASSAYS.  ;    . .;/                                                                ��������� Gold, Silver,- Copper, Value  I'kkj                                                                    Oz.            Oz. fo      '     per ton.  July    7, 1909........... 0.06           2.80 9.60 $28.29      ���������  July  13. 1909.........  ..0.16           1.26 -    6.87             18.13  July 17, 1909. 0.56           2.00 - 18.60             57.12  July  17, 1909.  0.10 * 0.60. 6\$y            17.23  Aug. 30, 1909 ..;.  0.05           0.88 7.00             17.06  Sept.  4, 190.9... ..0.44           0.60 5.70             21.33  INVESTMENT.  This is an investment, not a gamble. ?The property has been proven and not a share  was offered to the public until this was done! The Company are in a position to commence  shipping at once.   We are offering .to the public  50,000 SHARES,  the proceeds of"v.-&ich are to be,spent in installing suitable machinery. These shares are being offered at 25 cents per.shara. Already shares have been applied for out of this  issue.   The payments are easy���������One-half on application and the balance in two and four  months. .���������'.,, ~  For further particulars apply to the Fiscal Agents,  ri.rt. STEVENS & CO.  317 Pl^EJllTREET, W.,      - -      -     ~-      .      V^COTTVJSR, B. C.  Please mention "Western Call'wfcen applying for shares  JHimttt peaaant fHrtbniUBt  CWptrrlf  IHauOau. ^rptembrr lath, at 8. p. m.  Usttttntti  "No onte securing Mrs. Headlee for a lecturt  will need to apologize or explain after she gives  it." ���������������������������.-���������'���������.���������  tt. H. FRANCIS,  Principal Polytechnic High School,  Los Angeles, Cal.  Lyman B. Sperry, A.M., M.D.. one of the foremost platform speakers of the day. clothes his  appreciation of her lectures in the following  worde:  "I have repeatedly heard Mrs. Francis King  Headlee in lier illustrated lectures, and have  known of lier studies and public work for some  time. I therefore most cheerfully commend her  to lecture; committees and others that want reliable instruction, genuine entertainment and the  pleasures that come from seeing the finest of  stereopticon views and of getting n>������t hand information.  "Whether Mrs  Headlee presents the attraction*  of Alaska, of Hawaii, of the Yosetnite Valley, or  of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado, she alway*������  pleases, Instructs, edifies and satisfies her hearers."  LYMAN B. SPERRY.  Dr. Sperry'Is well and favorably known to Vancouver audiences and his criticisms should carry  weight.  The pictures used ln the illustration of this  lecture are well selected, being characteristic or  the beautiful tropical vegetation and scenery; re-  resenting the important events of early history,  the characteristics and customs of the Hawaiian  race; noting existing conditions, and containing a  comprehensive set of views of Kilauea, the greatest living volcano known to man.  3ll.r.itratr& Cedar*  *'l������atttau-($ttmt nf % 5*aM  OSiorn Bi| JHratuM Xing tyaolt*  Mrs. Headlee, formerly a resident of the Sound  Country, has been for several years in the Southland, during which time she travelled much and  had ample opportunity for observation. Her pictured stories of the various places visited contain  a fund of boiled down information.  Yolmttarg ttlffrinn tit Ali at Jubilrr ������ta>Um ������1*d*  SUCCESSFUL 3ALE.  The sale of cooking conducted by  the ladies of the Mount Pleasant Baptist Church on Saturday, afternoon and  evening was a most successful affair,  the entire stock being sold out in a  short time. The ladies have taken  upon themselves the furnishing of the  new church, and so far they have been  most successful in raising the required sums, the sale of Saturday also  proving satisfactory financially.  UNAVOIDABLY   ABSENT.  The ignorance of some persons  passes all belief. Mr. Albert Pincfl,  who a coroner's jury decided had been  murdered, arrived home last week and  declared that he knew nothing whatever about his death; others, he  added, might have been present at It,  but he was not there at the time.���������  Punch.   ������������������ ���������''.'  H. Macartney 1  Tea       -  Coffee  Potatoes  3 lbs. for $1.00  -      25c lb.  $1.00 per sack  CHANGE  OF  FU8INES8.  ���������������  THE     MOUNT     Fi.cASANT  HALL.  FIR-   this   hall   who  held   positions  :o\vs:  R.  Biorlerick  nOteiuar  This year an addition was made tc  i.The Mount FIsasar.t fire hall fc.*s  fb^en built for 19 years, and during  |tl\at time the district has developed  If Am that of a rural residential riis-  (trfct to a busy business centre.  (There are eight men on the staff cf  J.  Moran    ��������� Captain  tn8 k;Ul to accommodate a nev cham-  ���������Mr. McCaley    E"?,:neer  1C?^   a'-to   engine,   which   is   expected  Mr. L.  Ledwell  .Foreman  at an>' time-  W. Gardiner..  Engine  Driver      A new  fire hall site has been  pur-  V/.   Hudson Hose  Wagon   Driver  chased at the corner of Twelfth ave-  E. Knell Hcseman nue and Quebec, and a handsome new  C. McKenzie   Hoseman hall will be erected.  A short time ago the grocery business owned by J. H. Lamont on Westminster avenue was purchased by Mr.  Jos. Lowenthal, of Baltimore, Maryland.  Mr. Lowenthal was enjoying a trip  to the recent World's Fair at Seattle;  and while iii the West made the journey to ��������� Vancouver and vicinity. He  was much Impressed with tbe climate  and the wonderful possibilities of a  great future for this city. Consequently he decided that this place was good  enough for him for a future home,  and thus his return and location in  'business.  !    He intends to have the present store  j'emoclelled   and   made   up-to-date     in  i every particular.    He is an experien-  jced   business  man,  having conducted,  ja large wholesale and retail crockery i  business in Baltimore.    No doubt 'with '  his  experience  and  a kind  and  com-'  teoiiSi treatment to all, he will find a.  irowing    and     prosperous     business, j  Look out for his advertisement. j  i\t tijv PtiTATi.: of MARIE  FRTHWR. SWITZER, Deceased."  NT"TICE is herpby riven that al!  fVP'Titnrs and other rnvine; claims  -.m^ef thp estate of rhe late Maria  v.atj,p������ Sfitzer,' who died on or about  lhp i������th day of June. AD. 1!H0, are re-  -���������ii'red on or befrve the 10th day of  Octni pv. A. 1>. 1������10. to send by post  ���������n^ivj'.id or deliver to the undersigned  *hpir christ inn and surnames, ad-  'ire������-oq !1n<] descriptions, full particu-  ijif= -���������' fiieir claims, duly verified.  V!>ter,-er-' nf tbeir accounts and tho  ���������v,'tinv> of the security (if any) held  by them.  AND FURTHER TAKE NOTICE  'hat after the above mentioned date  the administratrix of the above mentioned estate will proceed to distribute  *������-e asse's of the said deceased among  *he parties entitled threto, having regard only to the claims with which  -he shall then have notice. And the  ���������"dministratrix will not be liable for  Lhe siid assets or any part thereof to  ~ny person or persons of whose claim  notice shall not, have been received by  'ier at the time of such distribution.  D-'trd Vancouver. B. C. this Sth day  of September, A. D. 1910.  MacGILL  & GRANT.  Solicitors  for  Hannah  Sophia Curtis,  Administratrix.  Okanagan Peaches selling at 85c  WORTH $1.15  Special or Saturday  Choice Malaga Grapes only 25c  LARQE BASKET  Bahanas      -       -      JScdoz.  Pure  Gold  Jelly Powders,  all  flavors, only     -     5cpkge.  Beat Values In Town  Pavies' Pork and Peans,  large  tins .    -       -       2 for 25c  Fresh Milk  and Cream always  in stock.  Olives and pickles in abmidarce  ���������I  ��������� i  Try   our  at  Jellied   Veal,   sliced  -      -      -     .30c lb.  This is our Leading Lme  Try our Sovereign Butter 3 lbs. $1  I have just received a large shipment of the most delicious Broken Ore  Pekoe Tea direct from Ceylon. This tea  is sold all over Vancouver to-day at  60c per lb. I have over 2000 lbs to  sell and you can have it for the next  two weeks only at the small sum of  3 lbs, for $1������00.  No more than 3 lbs������  sold to any one person.  *3������  Cor. Bridge & 7th \  s%  Keelen's Nursery" &  For Choice Pot Plants  cALSO BASKETS AND TUBS AT A SACRIFICE  C/A1I in first class condition.  PHONE R2196  Cor FIFTEENTH and WESTMINSTER AVENUE ABOUT THE  GREAT SALT LAKE  RECEIVE ORDERS      A FASCINATING  TO REDUCE RATES  In glacial times Great Salt Lake was  a magnificent fresh-water lake the size  of Lake Huron, that is, about eighteen  thousand square miles, and had its outlet into Port Neuf, the Snake and the  Columbia rivers.   This was at least ten  Railway  Commission  Action.  Take    Prompt  At the recent sitting of the Railway  Commission Colonel Conrad appealed  against      the      discriminting      rates  HOME FOR FISH  (Conrad)  Mining Company/R.  R.  Neil  and  W.  D. Greenhough aud any and all said  parties.  "That said railway companies cease  and desist from discriminating in ra-  vor of. the locality in which the Atlas  mining properties are located and  against the locality in which the  mines of the applicant are located.  "That said railway company file  with the Board on or before November  1 tariffs showing the rates granted to  the Atlas Mining Company pursuant  to the contract entered into between  the Pacific J and Arctic Railway and  Navigation Company and the Atlas  Mining Company, dated March 21,  1910. ;r   .  "That said railway companies file  with the Board on or before November  1 a tariff amending or supplemental  thousand years ago, but since that time *.** * the Whke Pass Railway,  the climate has become arid, and not " was shown that he had been  enough water has fallen over the Great  Basin to supply that lost by evaporation. Consequently the lake has ceased to flow from its outlet,'' and gradually dried up from over a thousand feet  deep to fifteen feet, and from eighteen,  thousand square miles in area to less  than seventeen hundred.  It is now seventy miles long and  about thirty wide, but is beautiful still,  and Is the home of myriads of sea-  birds and other water-fowl. It is the  great resort of the people of Utah, for  from three to five thousand visit its  shores daily in the summer and many  bathe in its waters. The lake is salty,  like all lakes that have no outlet. It  contains about seven billion tons of  salt.  When the lake is high the salt is so  . diluted that it has gone down to eleven  per cent. When it is low, =as it was  not many years ago, it reached saturation which for the mixed ingredients  of the water is thirty-six per cent. It  Is now about twenty-one per cent.  There is nothing mysterious about it  any more than there would be about  aMeacup with a tea-spoonful of salt  in the bottom. If a tablespoonful of  water were put in the cup on the* salt  it would taste very salty, but if the  cup were filled to the brim with water  it would not.  The salt has come from the water of  the rivers flowing into it since it ceased  to flow from its outlet. All river-water  contains salt, and the annual evaporation of from two to five cubic miles  of this water leaves large quantities.  of salt behind; and so jit has accumulated for- thousands of years.  Many years ago the great value of  the lake ln the study of meteorology  was appreciated, and so- for-'over, a  generation its waters have been the  subject, of most careful observations  and study. These observations began  in. 1843, and are continued today, by  semi-monthly observations. Its oscillations have been tabluated and compared with the'rainfall, temperature,  and so forth. It is known that the lake  falls In summer,and rises in winter  and spring, due to the'evaporation  in summer and the rainfall and winter  snows. Its annual rise is about sixteen  inches, and its fall the same. In cool  seasons or those with an extra rainfall  the evaporation trill not equal the inflow and so the lake will' rise more-  than it falls. It generally rises a foot  for every extra inch of rainfall.  A tabulation of its ascillations for  nearly sixty years shows that these  periods of rise and fall follow the  rainfall and go In cycles. Every two  and a half to three years the lake will  rise, and in the next similar period  will fall; then every njne to eleven  years thereTis a still lairgerperiodTaiid  every thirty-five years or thereabouts  a grand cycle. In the grand cycle the  lake is about sixteen feet higher than  it was at the beginning, and, then it  goes down to the lowest again in the  next cycle. ��������� .  These cycles are found to correspond  with the periods of maximum sun-  , spots, which are doubtless due to the  remarkable changes in the sun's photosphere causing abnormal rainfall on  the earth. Just now, ami for a few  years hack,' the lake has been rising  from the lowest point ever known. It  is about eight, feet above (he lowest,  and will have to rise eicht feet more  before it will reach the height of the  yeor -SW. It is quite probable that Ihe  lake will rise several feet more before  it he^ins its downward march again.  That. it. will never be as low again as  it ho? been is probable from (he fact  that ihe government is bringing in water from without the basin for irrigation purposes, and this water will all  settle in the lake and tend to make it  rise.  Some serious difficulties are arising  to two railroads that cross the lake  from the fact that the builders of these  roads would not listen to the advice  of the men of science who knew the  past, history of its waters. They built  the road-beds improperly and many-  feet too near the water, and consequently they are being swamped and  washed out by storms. There need  have been no trouble, for a stable road  . can be built across the lake anywhere.  The waters of tbe lake are very  hewy and roll with a lazy motion, but  with tremendous force. A person can  lie flat on his back in the water and  a third of his body will still be above  the surface; he floats like a cork, the  only difficulty being that as his head  is heavier than the rest, he is constantly trying to stand on it, which is  > not good for his breathing apparatus,  A fascinating form of nature study  is that, provided by an aquarium. For  the amount of labor and care that is  invested in it, few home hobbies will  pay a boy larger dividends in pleasure  and instruction.  The glass case may be of any size or  shape; it may be devoted to either  salt or fresh water life; but the collection, must be "balanced"/ that is. it  must contain enough growing water  TO MAKE RAILWAYS LIABLE  was  charged the prohibitive rate of $3.50  on ores from Cariboo to Skagway.  while tlie Atlas Mining Company got  a rate of $1.75 over same route. The  cate was ordered reduced to $1.75.  The Board have still to decide regarding   discrimination.  The terms of the order are as follows:  "The British Yukon Railway Company, the British Columbia Yukon  Railway Company nnd the Pacific and  Arctic Railway and Navigation Company, and the White Pass & Yukon  Railway   Company   is   to ,cease   from  discriminating against   the   applicant    ....        .������������������,.* i.������������- ,..������..-  ,   ,     ,            .. tl      ������m���������., pants set out among them.   A boy may  and   In   favor  ot  the  Atlas ������  * Iiit,   ,  Ottawa, September 12.���������During the  past summer forest fires have been  devouring the gowth of centuries with  ruthless rapacity. Northern Ontarior,  Manitoba and British Columbia have  suffered most. Fine tracts of merchantable timber worth millions of  dollars have been destroyed, square  mile upon square mile of young  growth coming on to supply the demands of the future has been wiped  plants to keep the water clear, to take out of existence. In northern On-  up the carbonic-acid gas exhaled by the j tario, where but a thin layer of vege-  fish, and to give off the oxygen that   table mould covers the rocks, the soft,  the  fish   require.  An oblong case, about thirty inches  long b.v fifteen wide and deep, with the  four si Jes of glass, makes a useful  aquarium. The-bottom should be of  slate, covered with a thick layer of  coarse sand or fine gravel. ,  Bits of stone should be heaped in  the center a;ul at one end, and  the  find will ealla and many little-known  water-plants if he goes hunting near  ponds and brooks, and he will enjoy  domesticating them in the aquarium.  The inmates of the aquarium may be1  of many kinds. One must-never add a  fish or turtle with pointed headj however, for that type eats its companions, or kills them. Minnows, sticklebacks and many small fish will be  found, some of which breed in captivity and thrive well. Goldfish will live  healthfully in the same tank with common fish. Sometimes the fantails, when  placed with a mixed family, will have,  their tails bitten, but as a rule there  is no trouble when many varieties  are placed together.  The ordinary turtles, cot the "snapper," the caddis-worm, which looks like  a bit of bark, and most snails are desirable inmates.   Snails are necessary  to C. L. S. No.'9, issued September as housecleaners, for they eat the slime  16, 1909, by the Pacific and Arctic which settles on the glass. Caddis-  Railway, and Navigation Company, the worms are the larvae of the caddis-fly,  British Columbia [ Yukon ' Railway and are Interesting creatures; but they  Company and the British Yukon Com- *ill eat any baby fish that swim within  pany, forming the 'White Pass and  Yukon route,' giving carload rates of  $1.75 per toil, on ore and concentrates  from Catribro to Skagway.  VTbat .the said railway companies  grant to all shippers of ores and concentrates upon their line or lines of  railway proportional rates and privileges at least os favorable as those  granted to the Atlas Mining Company under said contract'.  "That said railway companies in  due course obtain for the applicant, if  he notifies them Jn writing so to do,  the'same or as favorable ocean rates  as they have abtalned for the Atlas  Mining Company; or, .in. the event of  said railway companies being unable  to obtain the same or as favorable  ocean rates-for the applicant, then  they are to cease and desist from obtaining discriminatory ocean rates for  the Atlas Mining Company and handle  the ore of applicant and that of all  other .shippers over their lines upon  terns and conditions as to wharfage  and "otherwise exactly similar to that  granted^by said .contract tothe Atlas  Mining Company." '   '  ISLAND   IRON   AND   COAL.  The great iron mines at Bell Island,  Newfoundland, with thousands of millions of tons of ore, are now well  known, but coal of the very highest  quality, the very best in North America, is only just beginning to be worked  on a commercial scale. The Canadian  Government is so much impressed  with the high quality of the anthra-  Labradore, that they have, sent Captain Pickard, of the Government Engineering Staff, to examine the coal  areas in the hope that some of the  seams may crop out on the Canadian  border. Mica on a large scale of very  valuable quality has recently been  discovered at St. Michael's , Bay,  I .abrador.  WESTERN   AUSTRALIAN.  The Railway Advisory Board has reported to the Government -bf the  State that the construction of the proposed Norseman-Esperance Railway  is not justified, as there are wide areas  of agricultural lands of better quality  and much higher capacity which are  undeveloped from lack of railway  facilities, and through which railways  might be constructed with more profitable results.  water will cause serious, though rarely  fatal, inflammation of the lungs.  The water is full of animal life, even  when it is at saturation; but the life  is confined to a little shrimp about a  fourth of an inch long, and a little  worm, the larva of a fly which feeds on  the shrimp, and a few species of alga,  on which the shrimps feed. No other  living thing exists in the water, but  these are enough, for there are hundreds of shrimps in every bucket of  water. Except when milky with  shrimp eggs, the water is as clear as  since a single inhalation of the salty srystal.  their reach,- and one must be careful,  therefore, about giving them a home.  Lizards and newts and crawfish,  which look like tiny mud-colored lobsters, may be found ln muddy streams,  and are not common in collections.  Snails often breed in aquaria, and the  boy wiil find in the gravel tiny white-  shelled snails no bigger than the head  of an ordinary pin. 'Turtles are uot  to be omitted without losing a great  deal. They can bze tamed to know  a signal like tapping on the glass, and  will come to be fed. When winter  comes, however, they will burrow out  of sight in the. gravel, and very likely  not appear until the next spring.  But interesting as all these things  are, the most absorbing creature for  an aquarium is the tadpole, through all  its changes and development from a  minute dot to a full-fledged frog. In  the early spring, almost as soon as the  frost is out of the ground, seek out  slimy pools in marshy places. In them  you will generally find bunches that#  look like white of egg dotted with  black.  --After a few days the period-like dots,  which are the eggs, turn to commas;  a little later, in place of the commas,  there will be very lively, grayish creatures, whose tails steadily grow longer  and theinbodies chunkier.  Every day there will be more changes. Two legs will begin to grow, .not  all at once, but little by little.. As  the hind legs grow the tail shrinks.  So the process of growth continues,  until one day the boy finds an inch-  long frog sitting on the leaf of some  water-plant. Then it is time to let it  go, for a frog cannot live in an aquarium;   it must have space for jumping.  The care of an aquarium is trifling  but necessary. It must never be kept  in the sunlight or in a hot place. Noth1-  ing dead must be allowed to remain in  it. It must never be washed out with  soap or cleaning powders. The water  must not be allowed to become cloudy,  but little may be dipped out daily and  new   added. -  When fish spend their time at the  surface of the water it is an indication either that the aquarium is overcrowded, or that it is not properly  balanced; that there is a lack of oxygen, which must be supplied with  'freshly drawn water, or the fish will  die. Overcrowding is a frequent source  of trouble. The usual rule is to allow  a gallon of water to each 'ordinary-  sized fish of three or four inches. It  is important also to keep the water at  an even temperature. Fish are sensitive to sudden changes. In winter,  particularly, care should be taken when  adding wateT to have it as near the  temperature of that in the tank as possible.  oozy forest floor, the only hope of  vegetation and equable stream flows,  has been completely destroyed, leaving a cheerless rocky waste for generations to come. Even if no thought  be given to the number of lives lost,  it must be admitted that the loss occasioned this year by forest fires has  been nothing hort of,appalling.  Can nothing be done, then, to prevent this loss? The answer is that  much can be done. The solution of  the problem Is Indicated in two words  ���������public sentiment. The two principal causes of forest fires are campers  and railways, and public opinion must  be brought to bear upon these. The  tourist-camper does not at all realize  the extent of the damage which his  unextinguished camp fire may do.  Iaws against leaving camp fires burning are already on the statute books,  but it is quite evident that their observance rests mainly. with the tourist himself. He must be impressed  with the very serious nature of his offense. If a man sets fire to a building he is convicted of arson and sent  to prison as a felon, but if his unextinguished camp fire burns down millions of dollars worth oftlmber, and  perhaps destroys human life as well,  he is, at best, made to pay a small fine.  When public opinion views this carelessness of the camper as a criminal  act, and frowns upon him accordingly,  considerable progress will have been  made in lessening the number of forest fires from this cause.  But It Is the raliways_ that, spread  the most destruction. Traversing, as  they do, the great lone stretches of uninhabited . timber areas, the sparks  from their locomotives start numerous  fires that gain great, headway before  being detected. Too often the right-  of-way, piled thick with inflammable  rubbish, furnishes a tinder-box for  these conflagrations. The owner of  destroyed property along the line has  found it almost Impossible^ under the  present-laws, to get damages from the  railway company, so difficult is it to  fix the responsibility and so expensive is the process of litigation, in  order to lessen the number of fires  due to this cause the committee on  forests of the Commission- of Conservation has proposed to make tbe railway pecuniarily responsible. It has  recommended that there be added to  the railway act a clause making them  liable for a fine of $1000, recovered  by1 summary prosecution before a stipendiary magistrate or two justices  of the peace, for" every fife started by  sparks from the locomotives. It makes  no difference whether the fire begins  outside the right-of-way or spreads  therefrom to adjoining land. The railways are exempt from this fine if they  can show that they have the best  modern appliances on their locomotives to prevent the emission of  sparks, that their employees have not  shown negligence in conducing to the  starting of the firejuid that they have  maintained an, efficient and properly  equipped staff of fire-rangers. In  other words, the committee proposes  to lessen, the number of fires caused  by sparks from locomotives by having  the railways fined for the damage  they do .unless they take every "possible precaution to prevent such damage. This is obviously a fair recommendation as regards both the railways and the public, and the effort to  have it made law is worthy of public  support. Every Canadian is deeply interested in the protection of our forests; for each forest fire means that  he and his children Avill have to pay  higher prices for every foot of lumber  they use. Such a measure for the preservation of our forests as that recommended by the committee on forests of the Commission of Conservation should therefore commend itself  to every public-spirited citizen and  newspaper in Canada.  If  You  Never  Have had a good picture of  yourself you need not feel  discouraged. All the more  reason to try a really skilled  artist, one who has made a  life study, of the human face  and w^histands second none  in photographic ability.  Satisfaction assured when  you have a photo made by  WEXFORD  thk MOUNT   PLEA8ANT  PHOTOGRAPHER  COR. WESTMINSTER AVE, and BROADWAT  OPP. FIKE HALL  Save the Pieces  If you. have the misfortune tc  break your glasses and we will]  be able to fit another lens exactly  the same or if you happen tc  lose them  Our Expert Optician,  by the aid of the latest scientific]  method of eye testing will fitl  you another pair as good, if noil  better than the old ones.  GEO. G. BIGGEI  WATCHMAKER aud JEWELLER  143 Hastings, W.1  Opposite Province  X P'or good values in  I '- '    -  REAL ESTATE AND INVESTMENTS  Call on -  TRIMBLE  &  NORRIS  Cor. Broadway and Ninth Avenne  ��������� s -    .  "Blessed is the man who.hasthe grit  of making friends, for it is one of  God's best gifts. It involves many  things, but above all the power of going  out of one's self and seeing and appreciating whatever, is noble and loving  in another."  Acme Plumbing &  THE.  for Estimates on Plumbing  MOT AIR OR WATER HEAT1NQ  PHONE   5545  ���������ii. 310 3r<mc)way E     Vancouver  11  The Pleasant Cafe  **  SALTER, EATON & CO.,'       2642 MAIN ST.  THE LIGHTEST, MOST AJRY and MOST CHEERFUL  PLACE TO EAT ON THE HILL  Cuisine of the &est  Everything newrand uo-to-date.    We are btere to serve*  not to be served.      Give us a call and you will call again  ��������������������� ������t f*'*-*y-*'������'*-*'*'*-4"������'*'-my-"S'������as" t������t������������������������������ f ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� *���������*'  Write it in your heart that every day  is the best day in the year. No man  has learned anything rightly until he  knows that every day is doomsday.  Today is a king in. disguise. Today  always looks mean to the thoughtless,  in the face of a uniform expericene  that all good and great and happy  actions are made up precisely of these  blank todays. Let us not be so deceived, let us unmask the king as he passes.���������Emerson.  Your Patronage cordially solicited.  B.C. Ornamental Iron & Fence Co., Ltd.  PHONE 6571 COR. WESTMINSTER AVE. and FRONT 5Jf.,  Campers  Station now  at  f  Ocean Pi  4 trains each way each day  camping you can't afford to  PARK.     Call at 329 Pender Street  WEEK END RATES  If you are camping you can't afford to miss OfEi  "������������������      ~l11            '    ~  To OCEAN PARK and WHITE ROCK good Saturday morninj  to Monday night. i - a^^tr-^CTr/i*M:.WhJf;R^j.vfcVj*:^:r^j^-������t^v^^w������3>!'������  B.'.iXMTayxmz.zr'' ���������  -   xsseiB1  iVW  jl;  ���������u - mo .jko������u������ ���������;- ���������}**>���������.  .->���������;- -^vvj4a^%at������������tS^54Wpis3?i.*������5Ci  ^;^a?<wMttsK^Kas������sax^^ Wu������S^;3SUasi^T#w^^  TI"1W WESTHIIN CALL; VA'XCOUVR  CHURCHES  Baptist  IT .PLEASANT Baptist Ohurch-  _   .-.' CorlOOiAWratidQuclwcSt.  Btv. S. Evertok .B.A., Castor.  26013th Avenue. East.  latching Services���������11 a. m. and 7:3������  m.   Sunday School at 2:30 p. m  IT. P. U.���������Monday, 8 p.m.  Methodist  TT. PLEASANT CHRCH���������.  _     Comet Tenth ate. and Ontatlo   -  avK*s���������Preaching at 11 a. m and a'  .7*0p. m.     SundaySchooland Bibb  dlaasat2:30p. m.  | Rtv. W. LasHurf Ham., B.A.B.D.  \\ Pastor.  jP������TaoMge 123 Eleventh atenu������. wwt. Tele  l.on������ 8624. ..  Prestovlerlan  r. PLEASANT Church���������  Corner Niuih ave. and Quebec tt.  |um>*Y 8euvic������s���������Public worship a>  11a. m and 7:00 p.m ; Sunday schoo.  and BiWeOlass at 2:30 p. m.;    Mon  DAT���������Ohristiau Eudeavoir at 8:00p. ui  W������kb6Dat���������Prayer Meeting at 8KH  , p. m.   I'iuda*���������Choir practice.  Rev. J. W. Wooasi&E, M. A.,  lea. 170 ������inth ave. W.     Tei. BS!H������.   Pastoi.  3TMINSTER Church���������  Cor. Welton and 36th.   One block eait  ol.Westminster Ave.  |cBVicB������^-Sunday l������:00a. m. and 7:80  p. in    Sunday School 2:80.  Wednesday���������Prayer meeting 8:00 p.m.  Rev. J.. H. Cah^kon, B. A.t  Residence cor. Quebec and 2lrt. Pastor,  Auflfcran  RT. MICHAELS���������  r Curiier 9tb live, mid Priji-e Kdward *t.  ���������ervices���������Morning Prayer at 11 *. in  land Evensong at 7:30 p. ui. each out.  [jay. holy Commuuiou on first am:  [third Sundays in each month aftei  rfftoruing Prayer, aud on second anr  [fourtii s>uiid������"-s> at 8 :00 p. m.. Suu-  |day School at 2:30 p.m.  Rev. G. H. Wilsos, Rector.  teciorv, Cor. Ave. 8th and Prince Edward sv.|  " Telephone Lsr>i:i.  hENTiiAU UAf llarOHUKUH-  \j     Corti������r Tenth Ave. hii������1 Laurel St.  Jskvices -Preaching  at   11   a.m.  anr  17:30 p.m   Sunday School at 2.80 p.m  |Rev P Clifton Parker. M. A ,  tilth Ave. W P^������'  Latter Day Saints  REORGANIZED Chni^h oi Chriat-7  nW 887 NMbtb avenue e������M.  Devices���������Every Sunday eveuing at *���������  b'clock. 8unday school at 7 o'clock  ayerMeeting Wednesday at8p. m  ,T. 8. Raimet. Elder.  LODGES  hc|>cm.cwt Onicr of QWcWow*  ("T. PLEA8ANT Lodge No. W.  ,+��������� Meets every Tuesday at 8. p. w  in I. O. O. P. Ball Wetfmmrteraye-  |*. pleaaaot.    Sojourning brethw  pordUaiy i������vit������������ to attewd.--   - v-  tCampbell, Noble Grand, AdelaP,O-  [pooglae, Vice Grand, 86th * Westr  1108 8������W������4j, Rec. See. <M 7tb are. K _  toval Orange lodge  fT. PLEA8ANT L- O. L. No. 184*  Moeta the let aud 8d Tborsday oi  each month at- &p.������������. ������'  the*, of P HiU-  All     visitiug   Brethre*  cordially welcome.  Johs COVILlJt, W. M  3018th ave. w.  N. E- Lougheeo, Sec>  72517th uve.. W-  1 independent Order foresters  MOURT, VANCOUVER   No7 1S28  if   MeetR-id and 4th Mondays of eucl  Inonth at 8 p- >"., in thi Oddfellows  Hall, Alt. Pleasant.     Visiting breth  |������rn alwavs welcome  H. Kankinp, Chief Ranger  M. J.CUEHAS. Rec. Sec  ���������'      ������R7 Prliu,e������������<<itre������'i. Clit  i.. Penoelly, Financial Secretary.  237 lile^enth h venue eai  piano Tuning  [Expfert Rjepair Work.  Factory Experience  Best References  W. J. GOARD.  Lave your orders at the Western Cal)  ">  FLOUR  Try our  Imperial Brand  The Best Bread Flour.  FEED  Best quality of HAY, GRAIN,  CHOP and POTLTRY  SUPPLIES.  1 Pratt's Poultry Food  The wonderful egg producer.-  A BOX. 25c and 50c.  S. W. KEITH  Broadway and Westminster Road  PHONE 1637  J  SOME SWIMMERS' FALLACIES.  By Peter McNaHy.  Swimming  is  beyond  a doubt the  greatest and most popular of all exercises, yet there are .more erroneous Impressions about It than about any oth-  as little foundation in fact.    A man  8IGNAL8  IN   BASEBALL.  4.    Base-Running Plays.  ���������boys' teams it is more than likely that  the runner will be allowed to go to  second   undisturbed.    But  the   team  In contests between teams of a high which can use the short throw and its  Another fallacy is that drowning peo-i^ftgree 0j skill, where team-work ar.d  return has a big advantage over the'  pie.throw up their hands just as tlie>- 'extraordinary pltehing keer, th.*.* scores'������������������nine y.-hieh does not;venture 1L  start to sink.   That feat is one which'���������'sman    base-running   is- the "���������principal!'   Tlit   Squeeze play,"' so called when  Everybody has heard the tale that a sure there will produce such pain that  drowning man comes to the top three'the ���������victim.will involuntarily break his  times before going down forever. That! f * on >ur hand or ^ *������ ������ut hls  . - -    ������ - hand to the source of the pain,  superstition is a? widespread as that  about the bottomless pond which every  neighborhood boasts, and it has about  er sport  - One very generally unknown and  misunderstood source of danger to.  swimmers is the habit of allowing the  body to cool oft before entering the  water, which most swimmers think is  juBt what they should do.  The real truth is that you should  never enter the water,-even when  moist with perspiration, unless the  body is in a glow, and if it is not already In a glow, you should take a  short, brisk walk or run to get It in  that condition. On the other hand, you  should not enter the water when over-  healed or suffering from exhaustion  or extreme fatigue.  The reason the body should be in a  glow is because the cooling off wastes  the energy and removes the armour  which nature has provided you with to  withstand   the  shock of-������the  sudden  a knockout blow;  and in the second  may. go'down once and never come up  again or he may come up more than  three times. It all depends upon the  vitality of the individual, and if he is  able to catch.his breath when he rises  to the top of the water.  The beBt way to make a rescue is to  swim on your back, holding the other  person on his back and with his head  about the middle of your body. This  gives you a hand free, and you have  your man in such a position that he  cannot Interfere with your movements whUe the man prope,g nimBelf wlth the  by grabbing your legs.  It is a pity *to explode the stories  which have been told about rescuers  having to knock out the drowning per-  only a good swimmer can perform, and  will not be done by a man who is  drowning, because he is not a good  swimmer. To throw up your hands  out of,the water, you must tread water. ...���������'.".  A peculiar thing about drowned people is that women always float face  up and men face down, which is due to  the difference in the construction of  the body. Again, women swim with  the instep, making a straight backward and forward stroke with the legs.  sole of -his foot and describes circles  with his legs.  Every nation  has its own  way of  swimming, and a man who has studied  son, but it must be done, for such ajthe queBtlon carefuny can go to a big  feat is utterly impossible. puW,c bath,ng establl8uinent and~pick  In the first place, not one person in !QUt tfae natlonalIty of every man ln the  a hundred knows exactly where to land |water by the way ,��������� which he hand,e8  plunge. If you cool off first there Is no  healthy reaction upon submersion, and  that accounts for the lack of Invigora-  tlon which swimmers sometimes complain of after they leave the water. It  5s hardly necessary to remark that a  swim should never be taken right after a hearty meal or that the body  should receive a good rubbing after being in tbe water.  place, both persons being in a yielding  Bubstance which offers practically no  resistance as backing1 for a blow, no  person could deliver a l>low in the wa-  himself.���������Boys' World.  ' Constitutional.  A medical officer ot health recently  ter hard  enough to produce  uncons-' received   the  following   note  from  a  ciousness. J resident in his district:  "Dear Sir���������I  If the drowning man grabs you. you beg to inform you that my child, aged  can make him let go by pressing him eight months, is suffering from nieas-  hard with the thumbs in the hollow les as.required by the Act of Parlia-  just where the ear joins the jaw'. Pres- ment.''���������London Daily News.  PROMOTERS  INVESTORS  BROKERS  In Lots up to Quarter Sections  AT $25  PER ACRE  ������ . . ���������������������������������������������������������������        ������������������������������������������������������:.  ���������     .������������������'.���������.��������� ���������   ���������  Located in the Barstow Field, Destined to be become one of the Greatest  Oil Produdins Fields of California ��������� Paraffine Oil; High-Orade  Refining Product %  Analysis of Crude Oil, taken by Dr. Frederick Salathe, Ph. D.������ the  Uading Analytical Oil Specialist of the West  FREDERICK SAfcATHE, P������D.,  Consulting Chemist; Expert in Hydrocarbons,  Jjos Angeles, Cal., March 21, 1910.   *  ������pee. Gravity at 60 degrees F........... - .".  Grav. 3E at 60 4egreee F-......-j    ...32.64  .39.4 BE  irafline  -grade  ��������� s  FRACTIONAV PJSTTIiliATfON.  1��������� 93 degrees F- to J50 degrees F~ 7.5% Gasoline. '  2���������J50 degrees F. to 350 degrees F��������� 51.5% Kerosene.  3���������350 degrees F. to 500 degrees F.���������20.5% Ijight Rubricating Oil.  4���������     Residue above 500 degrees F-���������10.5% Heavy Rubricating Oil.  This oil has a paraffine base, with onlv a trace of asphalt.  (Signed)    PR. F. SARATHE, V\l. D.  The Barstow Oil Territory will produce oil of light gravity, principally of the pa?  'series, and of a market value from $2.00 to $2:50 at least per barrel, being a high-  n'tining oil. /  (Signed)    DR. F. SALATHE, PH. D.  Oil seepages and escaping gas in the .Barstow region have been known for years, yet tbrv  ' district has only recently become prominent through   the  discovery  of exceptionally, ���������light-  gravity oil.   This oil is the best of its kind yet discovered iu the State of California, and is  in hcju^v demand for refining purposes.  Some idea of thei"value"of tliis" gfountl'"Way'7b'e''ih������  ground in other of California's fields, which could be bought for a few dollars per acre a  few months ago. has since advanced to $2,000. $3,000 and even $5,000 per acre. It therefore would not be surprising if this land should go to $1,000 or more per acre in a like-  short period,'especially considering the high quality of the oil existing in the district.  " / The history of the famous Midway gusher field seems sure to be duplicated here. Heavy  .'financial interests are rushing in, and ��������� Standard derricks are springing up in a night. Geo-  < logical conditions are perfect for a strong and permanent fit?ld.  What Ellis Mallery, Eminent Geologist, had sto say ebcut tne field More the  Chamber of nines, as quoted by the los Angeles Herald  Special to The Herald. -  BARSTOW, Cal., July 27.���������Ellis Mallery, eminent geologi't and authority on the nil  deposits of California, addressed the Chamber of- Mines on the resources of the Inter-  Mountain region, and his discourse was warmly appreciated by a full house of the  Chamber members.  Particular Interest was taken in his reference to the Rarstow Oil Feld, which he  designated as one of the most promising regions of this state.  "In speaking of the Barstow region," said Mr. Mallery. "my statements are based  upon knowledge acquired from several, trips of investigation made during tbe past year  and a half.  ��������� "Broadly speaking, the rocks making up the productive oil series of this state are  no' different in the Barstow Field from those of other fields at present developed. s  "Th necessary shales, the result of a once prolific organic lif, that make oil accumulations possible, here exist, and interbedded with the shales are sand strata, both  coherent and Incoherent, which, coupled with the overlying and underlying beds of  like character, form the required reservoirs for the storage of oil.  "The reservoir sands range from fine grained to coarse conglomeritic layers, and  to discover these stored accumulations is only a matter of knowledge and capital.  "In short, the field .under discussion possesses great merit, and I have no hesitancy  in saying that men of means can devote their energies and resources toward its development with the assurance, they will reap most satisfactorily for their effort."  7 7 Mr. Mallory is in Vancouver for a few days visiting relatives and friends, and can he  -seen;''by appointment at our office. He is associated with some of the heaviest operators in  .the"California fields, and has full power of attorney to act for one of tin; largest land holdings.in the Barstow district. Brokers, fiscal agents or individual investors ' can therefore  secure choice holdings at a nominal figure, without the intervention of the middleman.  A block consisting of 80 acres to 160 acres makes a nice holding, either for private investment or for organization purposes. Only a few parcels will be disposed of at the price  quoted, and not more than 160 acres in one block.  Lands held under perfect possessory titles, subject to U. S. patent upon the development  of oil.  THIS ADVERTISEMENT WILL NOT APPEAR AGAIN  H. H. STEVENS & CO.  317 Pender Street        Phone 2841        VANCOUVER, B.C.  item In winning games. With ama'-jJhe ru, r-sr is on third, is highly satis-:  teur teams it is of slightly'leas'.Impdr- fa^tpvy when it ','comes off;" but if it  tance, but nevertheless a great many f&\]s. -thing could be more demorallz-  games between schoolboy teams are Ing. T'.-ereforfe this .play should be  decided solely by alertness and good nneoveved only.as a surprise, with the  judgment on:the bases. jscoie vciy close and the pitcher prov-  It is not always the speediest boy }ng tic;"blesome. The batsman and  who is the most successful base-run-.runner will receive the signal; then  ner; rather the one who uses the best j the runner wi.l start for the plate as  judgment In seizing his chance, Is tbe'tr/e pft'^er begins his preliminary mo������  most observant of the opposing play- ti >n.   I: the ball is hit on the ground.  ers, figures the closeness of the score,  and takes chances only when they a:e  justified.  even   -o  the  pitcher,  the  runner  is  surf to score his run.  AV'th p fast man at first and a good  As has already been noted la an . hunter i:p, the signal may be given  earlier article, reaching first requires (for two bases on the bunt���������which  chiefly quickness in getting away from infrht te- called a variation of the hlt-  the plate and running It out to the lust  Inch, with a fast feet-foremost slide  to the hag in desperate cases.  Stealing second is the next lesson  to be learned. Watch the pitcher's  preliminary movement. Be careful of  the- ground you take off the base until  you have measured the distance the  baseman is forced to allow you. In returning to the.baBe, as the pitcher���������  or catcher���������throws to the baseman,  keep well out from the bag. Do not  allow the pitcher to keep driving you  back until your speed has become  slightly exhausted, for his object, if he  makes repeated throws; is, probably  not so much to catch you napping as  to make you a victim for the catcher  later, as you try for second, perhaps  rift :> poor start or short of your usual  speed.  .Having received the signal to s'teal,  and taking the proper, not a dangerous  and-iun. As before, the runner starts  with the pitch/and never looks to see  where the ball is going. Tbe ball is  bunted toward third which brings that  baseman in, and leaves the base for  the short-stop to cover. This he must  do on the run. . The first baseman Is  hurried in his long throw back to the  base, and the short-stop must make a  very fine play in order to get the ball  and touch his man sliding to third.  On this play the runner should keep  wide of the base and touch it with his  hand or loot, as when sliding tp second, and then be ready to take advantage of the not unlikely wild throw  from the first baseman.  Cape C������trieh TrscJe. * '  In- an address to the Cape Town  Chamber of Ccmrnerce Mr. C. du  Plessis Chiappini. the African Trades  Commissioner in London, dealing  lead, start instantly with the pitcher's with the ostrich feather industry, saitf  first motion. Then never turn the . he did not agree with^ those people-  head to see where the ball is; the |.who recommended that legislation-  position of the man who goes to cover'j should: be enacted to reluct the^sup  the base will give you an Idea as to  P'y     " ' "   "~       *~~  He  recommended  that "the  ob-  whether you must slide or not. '  On general principles, it is best to  slide anyway, either feet first, or, bet  trich trade be properly regulated. Mr.  Chlappini pointed out that in 1909 the  average   price   of  South   African   os-  to $3.75 per pound. Australia  sending some, but California wa* really the most serious competitor.  That State had now 8,000 birds, wfeleh  were Increasing at the rate of 3,0������0>#  per annum. The California feather  was better than all tbe others, hsloc  inferior oaljr to South Africa.  COULD DO IT, TOO.      ' "* 4  A female lion-tamer, young and fair,  beckoned to a big lion, and it came  and took a piece of sugar out of her  mouth.  "Why, I could do that trick!" exclaimed a gentleman in the front row.  "What! You?" retorted the fair  performer.  "Certainly���������Just as well as tbe  lion."���������Llppincctt's.  KNOWING  WHEN  TO  STOF-  ter, on the breast, giving at least two trich featheTs was $11.25 per pound,  feet outside the base, and reaching the ^his year it was $15.00. The average  bag either with your foot or' hand, price of Egyption feathers was $3.15  But whether you slide or-not; you must  be up and alert to take advantage of a  possible wild throw, and accept a ..fair*  chance of reaching the%ext base.  Although young players do not usually think of it in that way, third base  is really easier to steal than second,  provided you are not forced to "hug  tbe bag." Usually the runner can get  a big lead and with a quick start, ^an  "go down" safely, in stealing third,  the runner should slide well In front of  the base, and be careful not to overrun  the bag.  In running from second,'on a hit  ball, keep your eye on the man on the  coaching-lines and obey orders strict  ly, as be is the one who can best judge  the distance you can make on the bit.  It the coacher signals for a slide, you  can feel assured that the ball is being  fieWed to that base. If the signal is to  keep on for home, slack up a little  as you run well to the Inside of tbe  :l>ase, reaching it, if possible, with the  left foot, and using tbe bag to get on  more speed as you turn into the "home  stretch."  Jvdcment must, be used in avoiding  the Tiaseman, if he stands on the base-  lire. The runner always has the right  of way, and need make no apology if  the baseman-is-jostled ouLoLlife .while.  the bail is in some other part of the  field.  The delayed steal is usually made  with runners at first and third base.  v.i^h the object, of makin? uie tally.  As the catcher tosses tlie Ija'.l back  to the pitcher, the man at. first base  starts for ee?nnd. Naturally tbe pit-  flier win turn, and finilins the i".fielders ninring to cover the base, will he  careful to throw the ball slowly to  second biise. The man on third, watching for the pitcher's throw, will dash  for the plate the moment the throw is  made.  Clever pitchers, who are used to  ���������he play, will often make only a "Huff"  to throw to second, anil catch the runner at third  for an  easy  out.    This  ' play must not be done mechanically,  i hut worked out according to your  'judgment of the opposing players.  The double steal is made with run-  'ners at first and  second.    The signal  ifor the  play  must  be  understood  by  4*)oth, for nothing looks worse than to  see  a runner  standing  at   first  base  while   another   has   tried   for   third;  otherwise it does not differ from the  ordinary steal of third.  The hit-and-run game is made with  a man at first and a dependable batter  at the plate. When the signal for the  play has been given, the runner starts  with the pitch to go straight on to  thhd when the ball is hit. The batter  must hit it, if possible, and on the  ground. This play is often good for  not only two bases, but three, if the  outfielders happen to fumble or are  weak throwers.  Scoring from third base when the  ball is. thrown to' second to catch a  runner goin? down from first requires  judgment of the catcher's disposition  to throw and the infie'.ders' ability to  handle the ball for the return throw.  Against fast teams this should never  be tried  until  one man  is  out.    On  It had begun in fun and one boy bad'  laughed as bard as the other at the'  joke.    Ey  and   by   Jerome     stopped  laughing.    Then his cheeks began to-  get redder than  there was acy need  of.  If Ted had kept on with bis joking, ���������  something unpleasant would have hap-"  pened. Jerome would have lost his  temper, without any doubt. And  though-T*>r felt^anythingT^ut^crbBSr  there is no knowing how he might;  have fe't after Jerome giew angry,  and said all the disagreeable things  be cou':d think of.  But Ted knew when to stop] A  glance at Jerome's flushed face told  ilm the joking had gone far enough.  He stopped in the middle of a sen-  t'ence. and began to taik about something else. And so the day e.-ded as  peacefully as it had fcegun.  What a blessing it wou'.d te if all  boys and girls the world over were  as wise as Ted in knowing when to  stop.  -Townsend Allen, in The P.ibilc.  It's a  Hard,  Hard Wcrld.  A group of hoboes waiting for their  coffee to boil in a tomato can were  telling of their hard-luck experiences.  "I've h'* f>^re worse luck than  anybody,"' said one of them challenge  Ingly, after listening to the others'  tales of woe. "Onct I had to sleep  from Wilkesbarre to Perth Amboy oat  iop of a flatcar loaded Vi*h hard  coal.  "And what do you think?" he went  on. "Every car on the next train that  pulled in from the same direction was  loaded with soft coal! "���������Everybody's  Magazine.  Hats and  Pcckets.  Ladies' hats, a fashion prophet tells  us. are to be smaller in girth, but will  increase in height. This is a cruel  blow to those who had imagined that  the height of absurdity had been  reached already. And pockets, it is  said, are to come ir.to fashion. In  view of the fact that this would be a  sensible innovation we can not advise  our readers to believe the rumor.������������������  Punch.  / -  '-LZ  THE WESTERN CALL, VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLJMBlA.  Reports are  decidedly  favorable to  (good business being done on the Hill.  BBBiBi  THE WESTERN  "CAL������L"  Usued every Friday at 2408 West'r. Rd.  Phone 1405  Manager: A. S. GOARD.  Editor: H. H. STEVENS.  ���������Captain Saciet is home again from u  7l.,v m axe city of Victoria.  Miss Debameter cf 10th Avenue who  nas been enjoying a holiday in nortn-  dva Washington is home again.  The Hawaiin Pictures so highly  apoiveu of will be given in the Alt.  Pleasant iVieihodist Church on September J Dili. ^ou.cannot afford to  nilSS  ihis.  MOUNT PLEASANT LODGE.  Mount Pleasant Lodge, the Salvation  Army Home for Domestics, was opened on Monday evening, September 5th,  toy Attorney-General Hon. W. J. Bowser. This splendid building is situated  on the corner of Seventh avenue and  Quebec street. The building was  erected by Contractor W. J. Spencer.  Tbe basement has cement floor and  there is also provision made for lockers, trunk room, laundry, etc. The  ground floor has spacious hall, reception'room, sitting room, dining room  and kitchen. There is also a large  dormitory which will be used for those  coming from the old land for domestic  service who only require temporary  accommodation.   The second floor has  the matron's room, also single rooms  for permanent roomers, as well as a  splendidly equipped bathroom. The  taird floor has a large dormitory, single  rooms and bathroom. On each flat  there is a large balcony affording a  magnificent and unobstructed view of  the city, North Vancouver and    the  mountains. The young women will- be  able to secure rooms with or without  board at reasonable rates.  This Lodge will in every way meet  a great need, and young women who  are employed in stores or other clerical  positions, and .who desire to secure  comfortable rooms in a really modern  and comfortable homelike place under  proper management, will now be able  tq, do so, and will find the location a  most desirable one, while only    one  block from Westminster avenue, having thus an excellent car service.v It  is also in a quiet spot where one is  not disturbed by the constant whirl or  rush and noise.  Staff Captain Wakefield, who has  charge of the immigration work for  British Columbia, is also responsible  for the management of .Mount Pleasant  Lodge. Adjutant Greenland has been  appointed matron, and will have a staff  of helpers. The Lodge will always be  open for young women who are ill, or  who require rest or medical advice. In  fact, it Is the desire of the Army to  make the young women recognize that  while they are- many thousand miles  from their own home in the old - land,  they will have a place ln Vancouver  to whicii they can come and, feel that  it is their "Canadian Home."  The Mount Pleasant Union of the  \V. i. C. U., purp&be hoidmg a lawn  jnd parlor social, on" Thursday even-  'jijy, toept. 22nd, at tho home of Mr.  A G. Uurnett, 2810 Ontario St., commencing at 7.30. A short programing  of music, solos, etc., will be given, after which light-refreshments will be  served. An offering will be taken iu  the interest of the "Sailors and Loggers Home."  The public are cordially invited to  attend.  RAILWAY  ANLT THTLAND PROBLEI  Extensive  Mileage  for  Canada.���������Government  Aid  t]  Settlers.���������Down with Land Shark.  WALKED  OVER   92,000   MILES.  Alfred Tingley, whose home in the  village of Rottingdean, Sussex, Eng.,  Is 3H miles from the Warren Farm  Industrial  Schools,  has  just  retired  on a pension from the Brighton Guardians after having acted as gardener  , at the institution for 44 years.   For  the first eight years he walked to and  fro daily, and. for the remainder of his  service six  days  a  week,  with  the  exception of a period of five weeks,  when lie was once laid up.   He started always for his journey over tbe  downs at half-past Ave in tbe morning,  sometimes  in driving rains    to    be  drenched to the skin, at others to  lose his way in the dark in the snow.  He  bad  some  narrow    escapes    ln  severe thunderstorms.    However, he  enjoyed excellent health, and always  thought his wife, his home and bis  native village, well worth the walk,  which in the aggregate amounts to  92,027 miles.  NEW PRV DOCK.  The Hon. W. Pugsley, speaking recently at Carabelton, N. B., respecting  tbe plans for the St. John dry dock,  submitted to him in Ottawa by the  Dominion Dry Pock Company, which  comprises Sir Robert Perks, Sir  Thomas Sbaugbnessy, Messrs. Har-  land and Wolff, Allan and others, said  that the plans show a dry dock of  1,000 feet long, with accommodation  for the largest battleship of tbe  British Navy. They also show the  provision made for a ship-repairing  plant1 and breakwater. Tbe site is  situated in Courtenay Bay. Mr. Pugs,  ley woud not say when the work  woud begin, but as the undertaking is  a very, largo one, involving the raising  of, several millions of capital, It would  necessarily take some time to complete the arrangements.  For propagating Christianity the  graces are often as valuable as hero-  Ism.���������Amos R. Wells.  On Monday evening, i'i St. Patrick's  nail, about fifty young people,, boys  and girls from twelve lo twenty, made  ..ppiicatlcn for membership in St. Patrick's Basketball Association. The  >vo:k of organizing the club was left in  the hands of Messrs. Pat. Conaty aud  Toni Kavacagh. The court has al -  i-eady been laid out, baskets Installed  ar.d the windows shielded under the  direction of.Mr.. Pat Conaty. The list  jf teams is being prepared, and will be  made known on Friday. Four teiims  will constitute the local league. It Is  he .intention to issue , challenges . to  ther church teams in" the city as soon  s the teams are in shape..  Seriatim.  Census Taker���������How many children  have you?      o  Citizen���������Three.  Census Taker���������Altogether?  Citizen���������No, one at a time.���������Life.  The Kitchen Piano  A SOUTH BEND MALLEABLE RAN0E  South Bend  Malleable  Range  is conceded by the stove trade  to be the Leading Range of  America���������handsome as a picture. Strength, durability,  economy and convenience combine an ornament to the kitchen; made of malleable iron and  Bessemer steel ^combination,  riveted together like a boiler.  It will last a life time. Saves  repairs���������saves the cook���������saves  time and labor���������and does more  and better work on less than  half the fuel of cast stoves.  No cracking, no warping, no  polishing, and no open seams.  Burns wood, cobs, hard or soft  coal.  A Perfect Baker,  Ideal Draft, Plenty of  Hot Water  A  Perfect  Range  Means Time for  Reading and Recreation, Time to give  to your Children.  Don't you think you have out up with that old  oook stove or poor steel rango long enough7  Go to-day and see a perfect range.  You will find one at the store of  w-  r.  OWEN  2337 WESTMINSTER AVE.  TELEPHONE 447  Ask for "Oven Secrets" "Inside Range Information,"  and a valuable Cook Book FREE.  ANCIENT     ORDErt     OF     UNITED  WORKMEN OF B. C.    .;/  The above Order are   meeting   with  good success in Vancouver since   the  advent of Grand Organizer L. Fenwick  Dickson who in addition to his untiring efforts to make a large Increase in  the membership,   has   been   devoting  much time to some sound missionary  work in getting the members to turn  out in better numbers as a result   ou  Wed., Sept.; 7th, there   was   a   large  attendance in the new hall,   amongst  those present   being   G. H. W.    Bro,  G. M, Eveleigh P. G. M W. ������ro., H. T.  Devine, Bro. Mills, Davidson, Dr. Anderson, Dr. E. D. Gardner, Grand Organizer Dickson and a well attended,  gathering of old and   new   members.  Four stalwarts were initiated into the  mysteries of the Workman Degree and  plans were formulated   for   a   degree  Team under Captain Hay, quite a number handing in their names to be new  trained in degree and floor work.   The  Floor work of the A. O. U. W.is most  impressive and instructive and   when  the Team have gotten In shape it will  undoubtedly draw large and enthusiastic classes of candidates and   bring  the older members out more regularly.  An Interesting programme is   being  arranged for Wed., Sept., 21st, in the  shape of a social smoker   aad   enter -  tainment to which every   Brother   is  earestly requested to attend and asked  to bring a   male   friend.        Victoria  Grand Lodge Officers and Bro. Mayor  L. D. Taylor are expected, a first class  time assured by first-class talent.   Fail  not at the peril ot missing a good live  time.    Come all as a welcome awaits  yon In the A. O. U. W. Hall, Mason',  Block cor. 8th Ave. and Quebec St., at  8 P. M. sharp.  '" OUTDOOR CANADA'S name  changed to THE ATHLETIC WORLD.  The August number of "THE ATHLETIC WORLD," a new name for  "OUTDOOR CANADA" Magazine,  has just been received at this office.  Since this publication was talten  over by W. J. Taylor, Limited, Woodstock, Ont., each issue has shown a  marked improvement over its predecessor. Its change of policy to'that  of a national athletic periodical is  this month carried out both in name  and nature. Besides the/change of  title, the size has been increased and  the contents augmented. Judging by  the August number, full as it is of  good, up-to-date reading pertaining to  things athletic, a conspicuous place  is assured "THE ATHLETIC WORLD"  among the leading Canadian national  publications.  Sometimes we bear people complain  that they have to work "like slaves."  If they do, that is their own fault. No  matter how exacting your work nor  how long your hours, it is not necessary that you should take to It the  slavish spirit Work like a conqueror.  Carry to the commonest task the spirit  of a king.  The various Provincial Governments arid tlie Dominion Govl  ernment have entered into agreements with different railroad com!  pauies providing for the construction, within the, next five; years]  . of at least 7,000 miles of railway.  The amount which will be constructed during the present year!  is approximately .1,500 miles, being about the same mileage as last|  year.  The greatest increase of mileage will he in British Columbia]  where the G. T. J*, and C. N. R. will construct their transcontinental  lines.  In order to facilitate the work of construction all rails and!  fastenings are to be admitted duty free, and also all material fori  construction of rolling stock.  It is difficult to realize the tremendous significance of this immense amount of raihvay construction. to Canada.    Vast areas of)  country, previously thought to be a wilderness, will be opened up fori  settlement, and in a few years become the site for many happy horiie������l  and thriving towns and villages.  The rapid opening up of the country is thus bringing about  conditions which the Governments must do their utmost to meetJ  that is, the land must be made available to the bona fide settler, but]  should be withheld from the speculator.  Every possible'encouragement should be given to all who wish]  to work the land, in .fact,'it would be well if a scheme could bej  inaiigerated whereby some substantial assistance could be given tof  the7���������starter," not as charity but as a loan, by the government.   Tdl  illustrate the Heed of this, one has simply to remember that to buy]  a farm it will cost .$5.00 per acre from the Government or $1,60C  for a 820 acre farm, and then one must have sufficient to keep bodj  and soul together for a year, which would cost, say $500, then]  the cost of house and barns, ets., $1,000.   Machinery and stock will!  cost another $1,000, or about $4,000 to get a farm in fair shape!  But the unfortunate feature of the whole thing is that in British]  Columbia speculators have been'allowed-to-get control of large  tracts of land contiguous to transportation,'so that the settler has  either to buy at an advanced price of $10, $15 or $25 per acre, or gel  back a considerable distance from civilization and wait patiently!  for the railroad.   That such enoditions are possible seem little short  of criminal, both on the part of the Government and also on the]  part of those holding the land for speculation.  Of course, some "will at once advance the argument that a settle!  can secure a pre-emption if he wishes arid it will cost.-him nothing]  This is true, but only in sections more or less remote from transporta'J  tion. Then; again, these pre-emptions are usually isolated and na  effort.is made by the Government to secure settlements on a largei  scale with adequate facilities, such as schools, roads, etc. Thesfe  facilities are only, given after the settlers, are''in'Tihe district of theit  accord and have made their introduction imperative. The remedj  for this condition is simple'and easily put' into operation by the  Government should they wish to do so. All that would be necessary  is to impose a tax on all unimproved agricultural lands. Such al  tax should be heavy enough to force those who hold the land toj  cultivate same, or abandon it, or sell at a reasonable price. This tas  should be absolutely withdrawn when the land is cultivated. Thi^  would be a death blow to the speculator.  Then, as a still more comprehensive scheme, the Government  could well afford to open upt certain districts, put in good roads]  schools, etc., and advance the land, with equipment sufficient tostai  operations, to such settlers as could be chosehi and trusted.   Theri  would, no doubt,! be a few isolated cases where the Government  would be > defrauded," but the effect of these would be infinitesim������  compared to the great benefit which the larger.number would experj  ence and to the country as a whole. '  No serious effort has ever been made in Canada 'to solve thi  land settlement question, except that emigration agents are sent t<  the European countries to induce settlers o come, bu practically  nothing has been done to systematically assist them when they arJ  here. -Through'the efforts of the "Standard of Empire," that moff  estimable advocate of imperial unity, and other parties in Englanc  a movement is now launched for the establishment of farms in Can]  ada and Australia, where immigrants may attend upon their arrival  _ayjd_Jearn tlie rnd move and]  deserves the heartiest support of our Governments, but it shouhl  be supplemented by something of a much more substantial nature]  In any case the land should be withdrawn from the speculator an<j  every encouragement given to the settler. -j\  ��������� i-,i  !; / '-1 '������������������^Mr.'^k-.f'^'y  '<' ' '     Sea - ;t- **'!,''-,'  .}, lA'',   "  \������    -'  '     ' '       -. * '  4   ,', f  ,   V /     '*-  ���������'%������^������,/^/^'^V^     '^^^^^,ki.  w  ^  <-5< 1!$8$S!? USA"! h&Z1* ">-> <>S  m&*  i m i  I. O. O. F. HALL


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