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The Nelson Tribune 1903-10-10

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 <  TIIK TRIBUNE  IS TIIK OLIJEST  NKWSI'.Vl'ER  PRINTED  IN TIIK  KOOTENAYS  Saturday, October lO, 1903  NELSON IS THK TRADE CENTER OK SOUTHEASTERN BRITISH COLUMBIA  Ato cAct to (Arbitrate  All Railway Disputes  The Liberal Part}-, during  the  recent  campaign, took  considerable delight   in  trying to impress   on the public, and par-  heart and soul in its  by COMPULSORY  this city, iu a speech,  ticularly the Labor Party, that it was  earnest endeavor to have strikes settled  arbitration. The Liberal candidate for  laid great stress on the fact that it was to be COMPULSORY,  in fact, that was how it was worded in the manifesto issued b}'  the parry at the outset of thc campaign. The Act iu question,  assented to on the ioth of Jul}', last, provides for the AID to  the settlement of disputes, and after the usual preamble, we  come to the following interesting clauses:  ii. Whenever a difference exists between  any railway employers and railway employes, nnd it appears to thc minister that  the parties thereto are unable satisfactorily to adjust the saute, and that by reason  of such differences remuiuiug unadjusted  a railway strike or lockout has beeu or is  likely to oc caused or the regular safe  transportation of mails, passengers or  freight has beeu or may bo interrupted, or  tho safety of anyone employed on a railway train or cur lias been or is likely to  be endangered, tho minister may either  on tlie application of tiny party to tho difference, or ou thc application- of the corporation of any municipality directly affected by the difference, or of his own motion cause inquiry to be made into the  same aud the cause therefore, and for that  purpose may, under his hand nnd senl of  oflice, establish a committee of conciliation, mediation nnd investigation, to bo  composed of three persons to bo.named,  ono hy tlie railway employers, and one by  the railway employes (parties to thc dis-  ference) and the third-by the two so  named or by the porties to" the difference  iu care they can agree. The minister  shall in writing ..notify each party to  name a member of said committee stating  in said notice a tinio not being less than  five days after the receipt of such notice  within whicli this is to be done aud if  either party within such time or any extension thereof that the minister on cause  shown, may grant, refuse or fail to name  a member of said committee the minister  or the lieutenant governor in council, as  v.Thisyis tlie kernel of the bill, and as. J.. H ..p. Hill, legal--repre-..  s'eutative of the B. R. T., says of it:    "I am not aware of any  legislation of this nature being on the statute books of any other  country  than that of Canada aud it is looked forward to with  considerable anticipation as to what the ultimate result will be  iu the case of a difficulty between any of the railway companies  and their men."  Now this Act is precisely iu sympathy with the plank iu the  Liberal-Conservative platform, adopted at Revelstoke, September  13th, 1902, which reads as follows:  10. That as industrial disputes almost invariabl}'-  result in great loss and injury both to the parties  directty concerned and to the public, legislation  should be passed to provide means for au AMICABLE adjustment of such disputes between em-   plo3-.ei-s=aud^eniplo3gees.=^���  ^ ==  . the case may be, as hereinafter provided,  may appoint one in the place of the party  so refusing or in default, and if the members of said committee so chosen fail to  select a third member thc minister or tho  lieutenant governor in council, as the case  may be, may make such selection.  4. It shall be the duty of the conciliation committee to endeavor by conciliation and mediation to assist in bringing  about an amicable settlement of the difference to the satisfaction pf both parties,  and to report its proceedings to the minister.  5. In eascthe conciliation committee is  unable to effect an amicable settlement by  conciliation or' mediation, the minister  may refer the difference to arbitration under the provisions of this act.  (a) If acceptable to both parties, the  conciliation committee may act as a board  of arbitration.  (b) In case of objection by either party,  to its representative on the conciliation  committee acting as a member of the  board of arbitration, or to the chairman  of said conciliation committee being a  meinher of the board of arbitrators, now  representatives on tho .board of arbitrators shall be appointed, in place of the  member or members of the conciliation  committee objected to, in like manner as  the original members of tho conciliation,  committee were appointed.    :  The board of arbitrators so chosen shall  be established by the minister under his  baud and seal of oflice.  The high glee with which the Liberals dwelt on the supposed  fact that they were going oue better than the Conservatives in  handling this matter was, to say the least, slightly previous,  and should warn them iu future to go wisely and slow, "for  they stumble who run fast."  Possibilities of the Wood Pulp  Industry in British Columbia  in tlie opinion nf Mr. Octnvion Holland,  vice-president of the Holland Paper Co.,  of Montreal, this province is due to become ono of tlie greatest producers of  paper and wood pulp in tlio world, says  tho Vancouver World. On this subject  Mr. Holland is as well qualified to speak  us any mau in Canada. Ho is vice-president of the Bollnud Paper company of  Montreal, with mills at St. Jerome, (.tie.,  and president of the Northern Mills company, which is building a large pulp and  paper mills at Ste. Adelc, Que. Tho Rol-  land Paper company is known to everybody who i.s familiar with the paper business in Canada. The Hollands do not  manufacture any cheap paper but confine  themselves to the manufacture of high  class stock such as gazette aud book  papers, linens, bonds, and ledgers. Their  water mark on these- classes is like the  cobweb on the wine bottle���guarantee of  excellence. The Northern Mills is a new  enterprise which is being undertaken by  r.he Hollands. Prom Ste. Adele tliey -will  fship pulp and paper to Europe. Their  ' busiuess from this concern will be purely  export.  Speaking about tho possibilities for  British Columbia, Mr. Holland said, that  a.s this wa.s his lirst trip, and as ho was  hurrying through with the manufacturer's association, he did not have nearly  enough time to soo nil thnt ho wanted to.  But ho had witnessed enough to convince  him that this provinco is due to become a  great producer of pulp and paper. Mr.  Holland said the geographical position of  British Columbia was not against this  province but in favor of it. Access to the  waterfront opened lo this province the  whole market of Great Britain and Europe on the basis of an ocean freight���an  advantage only enjoyed by n section of  Quebec and not enjoyed at all by Ontario.  But it wtis the water power that most  forcibly impressed M. Holland. ''Tlie  best I ever saw. I should think tlio best in  the world. And right in the heart of the  timber." As for the timber itself:  "Well," with that Gaelic wave of the  hand which always signifies magnificence,  "you know all about that."  Asked about the possibility of inducing  capital, Mr. Rolland said, "Why, there  nre plenty of people in British Columbia  with a little money to invest. Why not  float a company here? A good pulp mill  would cost $200,000. The market is ready,  iu fact there is a shortage of pulp at the  present time, not only in the United  States and Europe, but in Canada also.  We were offered a large contract from a  Paris house last spring, and before accepting it -we canvassed every pulp mill in tho  province of Quebec for pulp, but found  that they were all contracted far ahead  right up to the limit of their capacity,  and wo had to refuse the order. Under  these conditions there is no reason why  Ihe people of British Columbia should invite capital to come in and take possession  of the industry which they should conduct themselves."  Ha*_y Wright, M.P.P., Will Not Resign  The statement made in today's Daily News to the effect that the member for Ymir  will resign iu order to allow the defeated candidate for Rossland to contest the seat, is  emphatically denied by Mr. Wright. ��� ������' :\  Davidson  Absolutely  Independent  The Daily News has been prating that Mr. Davidson had declared himself as a Liberal. In today's editorial columns it is stated thjat he has declared himself as strictly independent. The government, therefore, is niore,likely to get his support than the opposition, so long as legislation is in the interest of j the people.  Sabbath Observahce in Canada  The Rev. Shearer of the Dominion  Lord's Day Alliance has recently visited  this district and from accounts given it  would appear that this organization is  still doing good work and that from the  time of its inception has unquestionably  placed the Sabbath question iu keeping  with the Protestant idea on the subject  well'before the public. Any movement  that has for its object, th'e uplifting of the  people, Avhether by act of parliament or  indirectly through the efforts of a body  such as this, will receive the unqualified  support of all. If many, even now, withhold thoir support to it, it is simply that  tliere is still a suspicion lingering in their  minds that this movement is the thiii  end of the wedge to force, by law, observance of the Sabbath according to the dictates of the churches. In support of this,  it would appear that 'in Ontario at the  present time there is an act making it unlawful to fish on that day, from this to  preventing a man and his family from  taking their walks abroad is but a step,  after which would come the revival of the  old law of milking it compulsory for people to go to church.  - Jn- liaudiing- this^.question the ..Lord's  day Alliance overlooks one vital point and  that is to use the quotation from the great  book; "As a man thiuketh in his heart,  so is he." Now it is not so much what a  man does on tho Sabbath, as what he  thinks. Many there are, -we all know,  who carry out the day of rest with a pre-  ciseness beyond praise.   They go twice to  church and once to Sunday-school and yet.  their minds are further'from the keynote  of the day than that of the man who may  be quietly spending the day as a disciple  of Isaac Walton, or the fmau who may  "find pleasure iii the pathless woods,"  and sees in all around-the manifestation  of That Power which. jto circumscribe  within the-walls of the sanctuary is but  sacrilege. Therefore is it,' that whereas  one may find the church, a good place for  spiritual meditation and consider the ritual Vital to their higher'nature, another,  after a week of toil in aworkshop,, warehouse or office, iiiay fly with joy to the  great fields of nature,, "and glory in the.  sights and sounds of the primeval forests.  No one can dictate rightly as to what the  other should do for it has been well said  that what is one man's meat: is another's  poision. '���'. ' -  The muddy indifference, for the Sabbath  which is still much in evidence amoug us  may be attributed very/largely to the bar-  ; reii intellectual and' spiritual attraction  offered by the churches to the masses, and  here again it becomes largely a question  of temperament. Why is it that the  great Romish church is-able, even now in  the face of the tremendous intellectual  wave that is sweeping over the land, to  hold within its fold all, sorts and conditions of men, from the most ignorant  peasant of a Latin country, to some of the  ���.brightest minds of the day? And the  !aJisw.ei*yisx.because'-ikeysMhole-fabric pu^;  sates with a life and! energy and administers to its flock "each man according to  ���bis needs." These people do not dwell  largely on the keeping of the Sabbath, do.  not make their religion a matter of one  day a week, but rather impress on its devotees the vital necessity of keeping their-  ���lamps well filled-and M*icks well trimmed  from day to day.. ���������'-."  At the meeting the other day held in  the Miner's Hall, and largely on their account, the question was raised as to what  the miners would do if they all left off  work on Sundays, and the reverend gentleman above mentioned was reminded  that they would merely congregate in the  blink house ahd worry somehow through  the day. Will the Sabbath day enthusiasts pretend to say that of a man working,  if he has a mind to, and another who  merely does not work on that day, but  what is infinitely worse, "loafs," that the  latter is the better of the two in that he  is keeping strictly to the Mosaic law'. In  this town on Sundays dozens of people  can be seen loafing around in public  places (how many thore are doing the  same at home it would be hard to say.)  It is to be presumed that the Lord's Day  Aliance will be prepared to endorse these  people and consider them well in the narrow way as compared with those dreadful  sinners fishing on the lake or enjoying the  day in the woods!/ The position is untenable and will not appeal to enlightened  minds.   ''���'"'  It now transpires-that the recent decision of the judicial committee of the  privy council is to the effect that the Ontario's Lord's Day Act is ultra vires.  From which, it will be gathered that (herd  is no danger of this too zealous organization interfering .with, the absolute privilege of .every-British; .subject.to spend, the  Sabbath as he thinks fit so long as in so  doing he does not become an annoyance  to his neighbor. The Alliance hns" done  some good, in putting a stop to rowdy excursion parties and obtaining for toilers  the day of rest; so long as it confines its  efforts to these channels there is little risk  of its falling foul of the less dictatorially  disposed section of the public.  Many Kinds of Trouble Predicted for 1904  The year 1904, according to "Old Man  Moore," is to be "a year of groat events."  There is to be "tremors in our army and  quakings in the church."  Lo! there is "writing on the wall!"  January shows a mighty ship on the rocks  and a wrecked train is also to be seen���  not on the rocks. February displays a  ^t^QTO-*^g_fj___.id^hip_botwe.on^England_  and France. "Germany looks on iu a  spiteful mood, and threatens to muzzle  the howliug dogs." (Tho press) adds  "Old Moore," in careful brackets.  March? Here tho old man does himself  proud. "I see a tall column, built up of  bad material, top-heavy with Brumma-  gen goods; the builders seem proua of it,  but it yields to tlio strains of a rope attached by the labor party. Tlie only good  part seems to lie the navy at thc base, and  it leaves tlie army exposed!" Whether  tlie good part refers to the column, or the  strains possible of "Come, ou labor,"  seems somewhat undecided ; in any case,  the army seems to be in for a bod time.  In April a surging crowd of angry peoplo aro pushing towards (lie "Idol Mammon"���not very dill'oroiit from any other  month of most other years; and iu May  there is to be seen "a gilded throng of  empty-headed simpletons falling down to  worship tho human butcher���the man of  war."    WhyOnly in May, 1!'0.?  June is to sec "nn impetuous emperor  trying to teach wisdom to his subjects.  Pointing to Canada, ho says:���'Look after the two foundlings (Alsace and Lorraine).   Madame is beckoning to them'."  July apparently is to see the union of  Britain and America, for the Old Man  sees their combined fleets in a harbor���  whether that of New York or Portsmouth  is not mentioned; but'' the two flags entwine and Liberty stands erect."  Religious discords mark August; aud  glorious harvests in September. This is  entirely in defiance of the weather man,  who warns us not to expect good weather  until IflOfi.   But no matter.  In October "the great imposition 'war  department' 1ms collapsed; it knees gave  way, though so many society old women  of both sexes tried to hold it up."  November is to see the return of thousands of English tourists and visitors who  have spent their holidays in Ireland. "A  contented and happy Erin," remarks Old  Moore. Quito so; but why should tlie  tourists delay their return until November?  Then December! "Slum teimments  doomed. Shylock cau close his dirty  courts; the worker I now see alighting  from the County Council car, passing to u  healthy arid happy home; wife and little  ones welcome. Be.watchful councillors!  keep of the tenant vampire."  But at the same time the Old Man sees  at tlie new moon early on the morning of  the seventh of December���a dire crime!  "It may be that a crown will fall," he  adds, in a bloodcurdling whisper "and the  old maxim again will be. fulfilled���'Unhappy lies the head,' etc."���London Ex-  :press.^^^=^^^^^^"^���^���   The Poet and the Drummer.  Recent advices from the Lardo bring details of an interesting episode that occurred there in the early part of the week  in which two of our valuable citizens figured. There arc two sides to it���the scri-,  ous and the funny. The serious in that  the Kootenay lake might, have claimed  our only poet nud ' one of Nelson's commercial landmarks: funny, from the details afforded. It appears that the arrangements for the handling of passengers at Lardo are, as yet, in a somewhat  primitive state; thill in landing from the  steamer in order to reach the "parlor car"  for Gcrrard.it necessitates passage through  a dimly lighted storehouse with a well ingrained knowledge of just where to "right  turn." This knowledge does not seem to  have been vouchsafed to the poet and the  drummer, with the result that tho former  was leading the way, wrapped possibly iu  the meter of a forthcoming stanza, failed  to right turn and found himself in a  watery foothold at the bottom of the car-  slip. With prompt decision ho appears to  have sized up the situation and walked up  the slip unconcernedly. Not so with our  friend of the grip, who was following in  his wake with true British pomposity, for  immediately on finding himself in three  feet of water, he imagined ho was in a  death struggle with Kooteuay lake. The  inborn John Bull n.'itutorial instiot came  to his rescue, and withsplendid energy he  struck out to swim to shore, although his  well formed abdomen was then within an  ace of touching bottom. Nothing, however, would persuade him that he was in  no great danger, and the efforts of our  local 'chief justice' wen- till but powerless  to disabuse his mind 'hat he was far from  sinking, rather that h" was on the eve of  Hsing to more popular favor than ever.  After much struggling i"1(1 shouting it began to dawn on tin' fancied drowning  nitiii that he was incHy after all taking  as much of a'footbuth'is possible, and he  war* landed and dnh' eared for with the  proverbial western 'tenderness. The incident ealls the attention of the C.P.R. to a  fuller realization of the enormous respon  sibility they aro taking iu handling this  valuable human freight to the new gold-  fields, even though tho company may  think that in some cases "pound rates"  should be substituted for the ordinary passenger fares.  The Value of the Curfew.  Toronto Globe: "Our strong objection  -to-the=curfew-sysfenrisI=thafc"it^tmftls"tF"  lessen iu parents the sense of responsibility for tho moral training of then' children. That sense i.s already weak in those  who arc in a position to keep their children under their own oversight nud fail to  do so. There is nothing gained for the  little ones by substituting the unfeeling  order of a harsh parent for thut of a policeman. What is needed is an effort on  the part of parents to make homo attractive, so that the children will not regard  compulsory detention there as a form of  imprisonment, made all the more rupel-  lant to them by the knowledge that their  companions are having a gootl time enjoying their freedom on the street."  This is all very well, but the writer  overlooks the fact that a large number of  children have either no parents or what is  worse parents absolutely indifferent to  their doings, or still again parents who  have to work at night. The question of  making the home attractive has been the  theme of almost endless articles in the  daily press and periodicals, with no more  apparent results thau that of having to  admit that the average home of the toiler  is open to vast improvement in the way  of making it a magnet for the younger  branches. The curfew question is one  that should find a solution among tho  leading lights of the churches and there  i.s room for some of this foreign missionary energy in tho nearer channels of city  and suburban life at our very doors.  Railway Changes.  It is intimated that within the next few  weeks the proposed change in connection  with the route from the main line of tlio  Canadian Pacific at Rcvelstoko into the  Kootenays will be affected. The result of  this change will bo that the lower Arrow  lake steamship service will be abandoned,  for the winter at least, and that passenger traflic will be handled from Arrowhead to Nakusp, thenee by the Nakusp <fc  Slocan railway to Rosebery, theuce by  steamer to Slocan City, and theuce to Slocan Junction via thc Slocan branch. A  new time'table will probably bo devised.  Why John Houston Was  Elected hy 67 Majority  "Houor and shame from no condition riso  Act well your part, there all the honor lies."���Pope. ���  "Nelson's best friend" has been elected and it is gratifying to  know that the appeals made in his behalf in these columns were  not made in vaui.  That a great change came over the minds of the electors  at  the last, particularly those.of-the Labor Party, seems to be conceded by all.    This can only be attributed to a  careful   weighing of the respective merits of the two candidates and to an in-    /.  differance to the plausible presentations of -polttical rounders.  This is a good, sign and evidences a growing desire on   the  part of labor to do its own political thinking and to emancipate    ��'  itself from the dictates of a few political demagogues, told off to  inspire theright thought into what are considered politically as    ,  vacant minds looking for a tenant.       -  Beyond a doubt the rank and file of the Labor party con trib-.V;  uted in no small measure to the magnificent success of Satur-'-* "!,  day last. They need have no misgiving on the expediency of - ',  sending John Houston to Victoria for come what may he will. "I  do his duty and possibly rise to a political position of which  this city will be justly proud. ' . ",  John Houston may rise to political power. He may through  favorable environment be able to make a strike that will place- - -  him financially beyond the need of toil in his declining years./ - ���;  many will heartily wish that this may come about.- But���John- ���>;  Houston will never retire from political activities in order to en-' .,,.  joy in secluded selfishness the fruits of money wrung in doubt-. ~7fJ.  ful'fesl-icm from the public till. ..-   ^;/&'k\  John Houston will place DUTY   before  personal' gainVj^ofi��rJfl  this there is abundant evidence.    To be able to carry this' 'ouWrfi  .      .    - - , -��� "���*"- "yi- A*'!:!  in these days of corruption and financial debauchery, calls for.av*tV,,  no mean standard of principles which Tt'is fashionable   in these - Y-'  days to treat as trifles lighter than air.  That he will act well his part as our representative I am confident as I am that the time vvill come when many of his great- ��� ..  est enemies will give him their cordial support and recognize in  him not only a loyal citizen and an   honest  representative  but    *  equally a friend whose rugged grip carries a sincerity and a tenacity far above the generality of the day.  F. W. Pkttit.  Good Smelting Rates for the  Hunter V. Mine at Ymir  The Mining Record, admittedly- the  ^nfiltTcoT-serWfive paper on mining in the  the province, has this to say about tlie  Hunter V. mine at Ymir, which is of  great interest to us in Nelson, that camp  being practically tit our very doors:  "The attention of n number of the leading mining and .smelting men in the  Kootenay has been drawn to tho occurrence near Ymir of a large deposit of  mineralized limestone. The great importance of the discovery, which was made  last year, of this deposit- is becoming more  and more recognized, and as the R. ('���  Standard Mining Company, which 1ms  acquired the property, extends its operation;' and enlarges its output the value of  the ore to both the company selling und  the smelters buying it will lie demon,  strated to an increasing extent. The unusual advantages tli.it arc here combined  are the wide area of iiiiiicnili'/..'ilion and  the consequent immense quantity of oro  available; the probability thai here, as in  other mining districts where similar gold  and silver-bearing deposits of limestone  occur, very rich shoots of ore wil] occasionally be met with; aud (he low mining, transportation and treatment costs,  quarrying or underground chambering being tins most advantageous method of  milling the ore, and the position being  favorable for transport from the workings  to thc railway by means of an aerial Irani-  way, together with the comparative nearness of the mine to (lie smelters ut Nelson, Trail and Northport, all of which  liavo heretofore had to use barren lime  rock, the cost of quarrying and transportation of which they have had to pay.  Other distinctly advantageous features  are (1) that- so far experience has shown  that whenever the silver and gold values  fell in any part of ihe deposit worked percentage of lime increased, the hitter gaining un advantage in the smelting rate to.  at least m part, compensate for I he falling  off iu values; and (���.) thai Ihe leading  stockholders, including the direeturutc,  are men of high standing and large experience iu mine or smelter management,  who are putting their own money inro  this enterprise and arc adopting the most  economic und effective methods in work  ing and_cfinijipiug the.property.-Further._  ^BicnT-ius becii no "watering" of tho stock,  that disposed of having been sold ot par.  All tilings considered, the Hunter V.  group enjoys exceptional advantages, so  thnt its prospects appear to indeed bo  bright. _        Calgary Enjoys Municipal Water.  The waterworks under municipal control, have been run very successfully, aud  a comparison of methods, old and now, is  all that i.s necessary to prove such nn as- .  i sertion.  Cost to consumers���Since the city has  taken hold of the waterworks thero has  boon u reduction in the cost to tho consumer of from-JO to (it) per cent. In tho  days of company control, which was only  a few years ago, the minimum rato to  householders was $24 a year. Now, under municipal control, the minimum rate  is -JJii a year.  In the old days there wa.s no meter rato  and the price for wafer at hotels was  twice as much as it is now.  Quality of water���The quality of the  water i.s much superior to that in the old  flays. There wns only one source of water supply, and that was the dirty water  from theriocr. Now tliere is during ten  months in Ihe year the very best water,  aud when the well i.s completed thero will  bo thc very best water all the year round.  Service���In the old days the service for  for fire -was very incomplete. Now this  is entirely altered. The water service.was  very crude and wntermaius were to be  seen in very few parts of the city. Now  the red jackets of the hydrants are in  every quarter.  Cost to the City���The waterworks system is costing the city nothing. It is absolutely self sustaining, paying the interest on rhe investment and the 'siukiug  fund. Taxpayers of Calgary do not pay a  cent for tho maintenance of the svstcm.  Not the least interesting feature of the  midnight visit of the travelling Eastern  Manufacturer's Association on Monday  last was an impromptu dance held in Fraternity Hall. Harold Selous was tho  prime'mover which is nt all times a guarantee that ti festivity of this kind will be  a success. Dancing wns kept up till a  lute hour and the visitors thoroughly appreciated the spontaneous hospitality The Nelsou Tribune  Bank of Montreal  Established 1S17.    Incorporated by .-Vet of Parliament.  , CAPITAL (all paid up) $13,379,240.00  ' REST -     9,000,000.00  UNDIDVIDED  PROFITS        724,807.75  Head   Office,^Montreal  RT.  HON.  LORD STRATHCONA  AND MOUNT  ROYAL,  G.C.M.G..  President.  HON. G. A. DRUMMOND, Vice-President. E. S. CLOUSTON, General Manager.  NELSON BRANCH ��=."1^  A.   H.   BUCHANAN,  rVtiiiiMKei**.  The Canadian Bank of Commerce  ���������<>��������������������������������������������������������������� ���  + . 1 ���1 ���  With which is nmnlgumated  The  Bank: of British  Columbia  PAID  UP CAPITAL $ 8,700,000  RESERVE FUND    3,000,000  AGGREGATE  RESOURCES OVER 78,000,000  Head Office:   Toronto. Ontario  HON. GEO. A. COX, President     li. E. WALKER, General Manager  Savings   Bank:   Department  Deposits received and Interest allowed  NELSON   BRANCH  BRUCE   HEATHCOTE,   Mai-Kig-*-  The Nelson Tribune  Founded in 1892.  THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, LIMITED,  I'KOI'RIETOKS.  McDonald Illock, Raker Street.    Telephone 120.  ADVKRTISING RATES. ��� Display advertisements will be inserted in The Nelson Tribune  (six insertions a week) at the rateuf Four Dollars  per inch per month. Single insertions 20 cents  an inch. Regular advertisements will be inserted  in the weekly edition without extra charge.  SUBSCRIPTION* KATES.���The daily edition will  he sent bv mail for $5 a year, or portions of a yenr  nt the rate of fifty cents a month; by currier in  Nelson ut the same rates. Payable in advance.  The weekly edition will ho mailed for ?1 a year,  payable in advance, and no subscriptions will be  taken for the weekly edition for less than one  year.   Address all communications���  THE TRIBUNE, Nelson; B. C.  SATURDAY,  OCTOBER 30,  1903  All this talk about another election is  'not serious. Even if this doubtful method  were adopted in order to bring a solution  to the present situation, is there the slightest reason for thinking that- there  would  be any great change in the political convictions of the electorate?   The suggestion is dragging the already discredited  . political machinery of this province into  contempt and should, not be entertained,  if by any possible 'means it can be avoided.  It is thc duty of the opposition to give  such support to the government as will  enable it to do the business of the country,  preserving the right to withdraw on the  larger  issues   of  finance, railways   and  lauds.   There is a prospect of some arrangement of this kind being arrived at,  although the results of the forthcoming  caucus will'probably not be known till  next week.   W. C. Wells is the man of  the hour; just what his exact intentions  are will only be known when information  in the matter has reached the public without   having   filtered  through  -Liberal  channels. At present very few up here are  disposed to take any stock in what the  Vancouver World says, and until something reliable is forthcoming the attitude  of the member iu question will remain an  unknown quantity.   Meanwhile, our Liberal friends should not get unduly excited; we all know they are as eager for a  .taste of political power as the  empty-  pocket boy for/candy  through  a  shop  window.   Just at present they are in the  cooler and safer position of opposition and  as such the country may rely on them  doing good .servicejothel province.   However sympathetic the people of  Great Britain may feel towards Mr.  Chamberlain, they will hesitate to endorse his idea of protection in any great  hurry. Especially will this be so at the  present time when a cloud, small ns yet,  can be seen on the financial horizon of  the adjoining States. From the appearance of this cloud it may be accepted that  that country has readied the apex of tho  tremendous cuiiimercial expansion whicli  has been going on since tho country emerged from tlie pitnic of 189!}. There is a  law of ebb and How in all around us and  applicable a.s niucli to tho world of commerce aud finance as to the tides of (he  sea. The spectacle of a great country like  tho United Statos, whicli the Republican  protectionists are never weary of informing tho world cannot hold its greatness  unless by the process of severe protection  to industries long past their infantile  stage, the sight of this great country on  the eve of a great commercial panic, for  come it will assuredly, will make the  "wisely and slow" Britisher ask whether  after all this universal protection for the  benefit of a few Ciirnugics, Morgan &  Co.'s is not tlie biggest farce over put upon a suffering publjc. It is more than  probable that the idea as far as Great  Britain is concerned will fail, albeit, it  has much in it that would otherwise appeal strongly to the electorate of that  land. The fact is that there is far too  much protection to industries in the States  and if the anticipated panic comes next  year, just before the presidential election,  it is hard to see how the Republican  party can avoid being swept of tlie political map. With the panic will conio  those heart rending "hard times" and  then the masses will rise in their might  and settle this question of a bastard autocracy composed of mouey kings whose  wealth has been gained at the expense of  the man nuil womanhood of countless  toilers living in less happy environment  than the slaves of ancient Rome. History  is repeated in nil lauds and as the lascivious luxury of Rome crumbled, honeycombed by its own rottenoss, so will plutocracy disintegrate by virtue of its unholy gain.  0 The announcement that the Canadian  Pacific Railway Company has reduced  outgoing freight rates from Calgary about  one-third, and that a trader's rate has  been established between that city and  points as far west as Fernie, raises tho  question once,.again: What is Nelson  going to do about this matter? It was  given out some time ago that the Board  of Trade had taken it up and that the inevitable committee had been appointed.  It is to be presumed that the said committee is still "in session," and that a  report may be looked for "later on." This  is a vital matter to this city, infinitely  more important than discussing how it  came about that the Liberal candidate'-  was defeated last week. The longer this  recognition as a distributing point is denied to us, the greater the difficulty will  be to get any concessions from the C.P.R.  Nelson docs not appeal* from this point of  view to be in very great favor with those  who have the adjustment of these matters,  most probably on account of ill advised  actions in the past, referred to in these  columns recently.' The Board of Trade  and the Wholesalers' Association should  join hands in this matter and make an  imperative demand on the railway for  recognition and a definite settlement of  this question. The city,-by reason of its  geographical situation and general importance, is entitled to the same consideration as Calgary, and in proportion to 'its  size, even to the city of Vancouver. We  live in a world, however, where one never  gets anything without asking for it and  even when one does ask, it should be done  with no uncertain sound, which will carry  a conviction to the railway people that we  are out for business and havo no intention  of being pigeon-holed or stood off by a  studied smoothness, which many C.P.R.  officials carry with them as a valuable  stock in trade.  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  BIG HORN  BRAND  C..fc>  Onion  .Made  WW  ��veraltet  Shirts^  WE   MANUFACTURE  Shirts,  Overalls,  Denim Pants,  Tweed Pants,  Cuttonade Pants,  .lumpers,  Blouses,  Engineers' Jackets,  Walters' Jackets,  Barbers' Jackets,  Gingham Jackets,  Mission  Flannel  Underwear,  Cooks'  Aprons and  Caps,  Carpenters' Aprons,  Walters' Aprons,  Painters' and Plasterers' Overalls,  Mackinaw Coats,  Mackinaw Pants,  Tarpaulins,  Dunnage Bags,  Horse Blankets,  Tents,  Etc., Etc., Etc.  ���  X  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������  TURNER, BEETON _ GO.  LIMITED,  WHOLESALE MERCHANTS  Warehouses, Wharf Street c  i'*aetory, 1 Bastion Street  -VICTORIA,  B.C.  of late, many members of which are still  iu the ring, will be mon.' than beneficial.  The ever present unknown quantity of a  political contest coupled with the many  ungracious things said about them, will  for a certainty bring about a solid, respectable government, fully conscious of having been elected b3' rhe people und for the  peoplo and effectively banish into obscurity the worn out cry of "Vancouver Island for tho'govcrnmi'iit."  While sympathizing with a brother  journalist over his political defeat, one  cannot refrain from remarking that if our  townsman F. J. Deane relied for his election on articles in the Sentinel, written in  similar strain to those we have been regaled with of lato in the morning paper  of this city, it is not at till surprising that  Mr. Deane's virtues have failed to impress themselves on the Kamloops con-  stuency.   It's all over. John Houston has gone  to Victoria. His genial opponent is sawing wood in his sanctum in the Houston  block. "Bob" thinks after all selling  booze is a better proposition than any  goldcounnissioncrship iu Christendom,  and the Daily News is meditating ou the  old fable of the Frog and the Bull.  "Now let us- have peace," pipes the  Vernon street contemporary. And so say  all of us so long as it is "with honor."  Anything short of this would be aii affront to the rank and file of the great  party which placed John Houston where  he now is.  It is to be feared that the strain iuci-  .den_t__to_tho lat^cam_mign_togethgrywij:h_  the result of Saturday's polling lias been  too much for our morning contemporary.  There are signs of incipient decay in the  editorial rooms, judging by tho odd, not  to say wild, suggestions put forth in a  short article purporting to enlighten the  public how it came about that tlio Hous-  touitcs actually managed to raise $-1000 in  order to cover their opponent's money.  The solution offered to the problem that  this money was sent from across the  border by parties interested in Kooteuay  lauds i.s just the silliest thing on record  and not very complimentary to the city  of Nelson as a whole from a financial  point of view. When John Houston said  that "Wc wont into this fight without a  dollar," lie stttted what was trite. Not a  dollar of campaign funds reached this  city, and thc only axle grease used in that  direction was tho fund raised by passiug  the hat among tho supporters of John  Houston. If tlie Daily News can fiud no  better reason than this to account for its  candidate being snowed under, it liad  better concentrate its efforts in the direction of disseminating Grit principles on  wider and less known topics than the one  here outlined.  From ti general point of view the citizens  of Nelsou and thc electorate of the Ymir  district have good reason to congratulate  themselves ou the result of last Saturday's election. It was an unmistakable  tribute to tlie efficient representation of  our present member, John Houston, and,  as such, will go far to stimulate hiui to  further useful activity on behalf of this  district. From the fact that thc Ymir  district includes a considerable portion of  what will eventually becoute a part of  this city, our member and the newly  elected one for onr sister riding, Harry  \V right, (whose popularity was no mean  factor in placing him at the head of the  poll) will, iu the very nature of things,  stand on common ground and "work iu  harmony. The two interests are so inseparably bound together that what will  obeuefit one district will reflect on the  other. The member for Ymir represents  a district full of promise, aud inasmuch  as it lies at our very, door, we shall feel  more than ordinary interest in its development ; tliere is nothing between here  and Waneta or Trail that is likely in any  way to jar on our ideas of business expansion. That is what we are all after and  whatever helps in that direction should  _e looked into and studied so that the appropriations secirred shall give the best  possible results.  All things considered Nelson has had a  very fair tourist season,, but much will  haveto be done hereafter to improve it.  It has by no means been in proportion to  the immense traffic on the main line and  from the South it is practically nil. Nor  is this to be wondered at when one considers the wretched accommodations afforded between here and Northport; it is  hardly likely that passengers coming off  the splendid trains of the N. P. R. or G.  N. R. will care to undertake a trip under  worse conditions thau that given by the  line between here and Robson when it  was first built and for many years after.  This is-a matter that should be taken up  by both the Tourist Association and the  Board of Trade; it is bad enough to have  the reputation of poor accommodation,  but bad railway service is fatal to Tourist travel. It must be admitted, however,  ' that we are somewhat badly located; the  through traffic stays with the main line  as a rule and unless some great attraction is offered it looks With suspicion on  so-called "side trips." They invariably  call up in the minds of experienced globe  'trotter.^  a democratic system of handling people iu  cars and hotels whoso menu rarely goes  beyond the western standby of "Beefsteak, Mutton Chop, Pork Chop,. Ham  and Eggs." These are difficulties not so  easily surmounted, still the scenic attra-  tions of the Kootenays must be presouted  in every possible manner, and tlie impression sent abroad that first-class accommodation is obtainable throughout tho district. When tlie C. P. R. has a better  service ou tho Thompson Arm of the Upper Arrow lake, aud a line to Trout Luke,  a very attractive tour can be arranged  through the Lardo to Kaslo, on to this  city, to Rossland and the Boundary, sind  up to Revelstoke. Tho city of Victoria  today figures on its receipts from tourists  as no mean factor in its - annual income,  and the fact that the C. P. R. is about to  build tt mammoth hotel there, is sufficient  evidence that there i.s good business in  sight. Nelson can participate in n percentage of this if it goes about it in the  right way. It is a business proposition  aud should be handled by business men.  who can show aptitude in this line.  The passing of thc defeated candidate  for Nelson into thc quieter but doubtless  more profitable realms of legal activity  Wits carried out with a dignity befitting a  legal light of no mean candle power.  While Mr. Taylor's day dreams are for  the time being dissipated, there is consolation in the knowledge that he has acquired  valuable political experience. Nor should  the disappointment of the loss of social  expansion, which would have followed in  the wake of his election, be allowed to  dim in any way the possibilities open to  hint in that hue even here in Nelson,  where tho dizzy heights of social eminence  seem open to all energetic aspirants.  Thc effect of tho election on thc "old  gang" of which wc have heard so much  Fred Starkey is up in the Lardo selling  butter aud eggs,' and David Mark is looking around for an "ad" to fill that space  devoted to the political sins of our "Local Croaker," ahd which saved so much  copy during the campaign weeks.  Better Than M. P. P.  The great statesman sat alone in his  study, gloomily thoughtful. Ho had just  -returned to his homo after delivering a  speech which had been thunderously applauded. ��� * His reception had indeed been  an ovation, but it brought no joy to him.  "What's the use of it all?" he murmured with a sigh. "Men think that I  am happy because I have youth, fame,  vast wealth, and a dazzling political future.    Ha! ha!  "Little they know of the anguish of the  man who, having these things, is denied  the one fond desire of his heart.  ' "Youth! That will, soon bo gone.  Wealth-!. A tiu-n of the -market may.  carry it away. Political future! Who  can tell what changes a year may bring  forth?  "Fame! Ha! ha! What does my fame  amount to? The greatest statesmen of  the country, hang on my words when I  speak, aiidJ- sway the multitude as I  please. "But, fame, real lasting fame, my  one all-devouring desire is denied ine.  "No manufacturer has given my name  to a five-cent cigar!"   (  NEARING HIS FINISH  ���Aguinaldods-right'iiow.���IIe=hns=got=cnouRli I-  There are many people in this town thnt know-  when tliey have had enough of poor laundry  work on their linen, and they turn to us for relief. It is a pleasure to a man to sue the exc|iiis-  Hecolor and finish that we have put on his shirt  collars and cuffs when sent out from this laundry. .  Kootenay Steam Laundry  S20 Water St.  Telephone 146  NELSON  STEAM  LAUNDRY  Work done hy hand or machine, and on short  iiotiee. Delivery wtif-on calls for and delivers  work every day lu the week.  lllankets, Flannels, Curtains, etc., a specially.  Dyeing and Cleaning also done. Outside orders  promptly attended to.  PAUL NIPOU, Proprietor.    I'.O. Ilox 48  REISTERER & C��  BREWERS  OF  LAGER BEER AND PORTER,  Put up in 1'ackagcs to Suit tlie Trade  Hrewcry and Ollice: Latimer Streel, Nelson, Ji C.  Drink  THORPE'S  LITHIA  WATER  Every small bott   contains five grains  of Lithia Carbonate  ^/fi$&%ffij$$^^  This   Weefc  Wc have a Special Lot of  Co-aches  And Values Arc Good  Picture Framing a Specialty  ONE OF OUK W.AREROOMS  D. J. Robertson & Co.  Furniture  Dealers   and  Funeral  Directors  Baker Street,  Nelson.  so uoO-i-Jvj u3\i uovi _jo\_i Coy uo^ uo^cioy- __ev\b_/e  ^YS$7s$%f$Ys$ys$^  P  ROSSER'S  Second Hand Store  ami China Hall  New aiid Second Hand Goods of every description bought and sold. See our Crockery and  Glassware  WESTERN CANADIAN  EMPLOYMENT  AGENCY  Goods   Rented  Fit-st-Gloss   Warehouse  For  Storage  l'hone 281A  Raker Street, West,  Next to C.P.K. Ticket Ollice  P.O. Rox r>ss  Frank   Fletcher  PROVINCIAL LAND SURVEYOR  Lands and Mineral Claims Surveyed .  and Crown Granted  P.O. Rox 5K5  Ollice: Kootenay St., Nelson  JOHN  HEPBURN  BUILDER AIND  CONTRACTOR  Jobbing work done    Estimates Kivcn  C TVf C_ JC "FT   ���  ���   Tucket. Cigar Co's  [ Monogram  OlTIV-flVJU.   .   *   Union Labcj Cigars j Marguerite  George E. Tgcfcett's Cigarettes  { Karnacfc  Only Union-Made Cigarette in Canada    /    T��  OC  B��  w, j. McMillan & co.  WHOLESALE  GROCERS  Agents for British Columbia.  Vancouver,   B.C  StarkeyJuCo,  Wholesale Provisions  Eroduce^andEruits^  ( R. A. Rogers & Co., I~,d., Winnipeg  Representing   ) _V. K. Pairbank Co.,     -     Montreal  (Simcoe Canning Co.|     -     Simcoe  Office   and   Warehouse,  Josephine  Street  -Nelson,  B. Q,  SHOP UKSIDKNCE  Hehlnd new postolllee        Cnr. Front and Willow  NKLSON  Geo. M. Ou nn  Maker of first-class hand-made Hoots anil  Shoes. Repairing neatly and promptly  done.  Satisfaction guaranteed in all work  Ward St. next newposliillice hid [Nelson  Brydges. Blakemore & Cameron, Ltd.  F^eal Estate a"��J  Qeneral Agents  Kootenay Wire Works Co*  Manufacturers of Mattresses, Springs,  1'illows, Hed Lounges, Couches, Upholstering, Turning, Jiandsawing, Grill  Work and other novelties. Our No. ���!  Spring is the best on the market. Ask  for it and take no other.  Cash   Advanced  on  Consignments  Jacob Green & Co.  Auctioneers,  Appraisers, Valuators  General   Commission Agents  Corner of llaker and Josephine Street.  NELSON, B. C.  FRONT STREET  NELSON,  ti. C  Sewing Machines/Pianos  FOR RENT aud FOR SALE  Old Curiosity Shop,  Josephine Street  Nelson, B.C.  LABOR   UINIONS.  NKLSON MINERS' UNION, No. 9(5, W. F. M.���  Meets every Saturday evening at 7 I'll! o'clock, in  Miners' Union Mali, northwest corner Baker  anil Stanley streets. Wage scale for Nelson district: .Machine miners, 13.50; hammersinen,  $3.25; mine laborers, $3. (.'. A. Barton, president; Frank I'liillips, seeretury. Visiting brethren cordially invited.  P. Burns & Co.  Wholesale  and  Retail  Meat  Merchants  Head Office  and Cold Storage Plant at Nelson.  BRANCH MARKETS at Knslo, Ymir, Sandon, Silverton, Revelstoke, New Denver, Cascade, Trail,  Grand Forks, Crcenwood, Midway, Phoenix, Kossland. -"lociin City, Moyie, Cranbrook,  Fernie and Macleod.  NELSON   ������RANCH  MARKET,   BURNS BLOCK,   BAKER STREET  Orders hy mail to any Branch will receive promnt and careful attention.  West Kootenay Batcher Company  Fresh and Salted Meats.   Fish and Poultry in Season.  ORDERS BY MAIL reccivejprompt  and careful attention.  E3. C  TRAVES, Manager,  K.W.C. Block, Nelson The Nelson Tribune  Problem Was Solved in  Coltsville wns taking its customary  siesta. In front of the stores thnt faced  tlie hroad pinza men lounged in the uncouth attitudes of sleep. Beneath tho  spell of an August sun iu Texas men take  no shame to slumber away the hot hours  of tho afternoon, resuming their various  activities when tlie ovouiug's cooling  breeze from the gulf makes exertion endurable.  The few tenuis on the Coltsville plaza  shared in thc prevailing somnolence and  gave no sign of life.  Aud yet, there were three pairs of eye-  in Coltsville that wore not closed in sleep.  Thoy belonged to the schooluia'am, or  missionary, ns she wns sometimes called,  the town cow, and the sheriff of Holl-  Bent���ou tho maps as Timber county, of  whicli Coltsville was the capital.  The missionary wns not asleep because  sho was from Concord, Massachusetts,  nud preferred to be uncomfortable rather  than yield to what she termed n "lazy  habit*"  The town cow refused to sleep when  there avus mischief to bo done���another  way of saying never���and was ambling  about the square seeking what she might  destroy.  The sheriff of Hell-Bent, Maverick Allen, was not sleeping for two reasons, one  |; ���.. having to do with his official position, the  ���Other entirely personal, though a psychological connection existed between the  two that ho did not nt the lime realize.  The first reason for his being awake wtis  .lint-Sill Harvey, the county "bad man,"  wns in town, nud, having spent tlie morning in iilling himself with red liquor,  might bo disposed, when he woke up, to  run amuck, and it was plainly the sheriff's duty to prevent this.  At the moment Bill was sleeping stcn-  torously  in   ono of   thc   canvas-covered  wagons on the plaza,  but it was not of  him the sheriff was thinking.   Resting in  '        a cano-bottomed chair,  iu front of Beu-  [        sou's store, whence his eyes could sweep  tho square at n glance, the sheriff smoked  and mused.  ; Ho wns thinking 6f tho missionary and  their numerous arguments on lynching, a  subject concerning which they held somewhat conflicting views. Being from Con-,  cord, the views of the missionary may be  understood .without cxplnnntiou. But a  certain individual charm robbed her expression of these views of nil offence,  however intolerant her mere words might  appear.  Tho sheriff's views were not exactly  those of the Texan. They were, iu the  ' language of the missionary, "an odious  compromise;" but the sheriff upheld  them with a sort of dignity and quiet eloquence���he was studying for the bar���  thnt she could not ensily combnt. His  contention, briefly stated, was that the  law was primarly a vehicle by whicli the  community adminstered'.-justice, and that  when it abrogated or delayed this function, thc community had the right to take  it into its own hands and visit condign  punishment upon offenders.  "In the year and a half of his service as  sheriff, Allen had not had thc chance to  test his theories, though the county of  Timber wns grumbling considerably because of somo recent enses in which the  judiciary had allowed technicalities to  stand in the wny of justice.  To bring the maiter homo to him, tho  missionary hnd presented hypothical cases   and pointedlyftsk thej-hcriif^whatjtctipn^  lie^wOiild'tnlvtril.^  up his prisoner to a mob, or do his dutyV  Tho sheriff, after sonic deliberation, had  answered, "I would do my duty as I con-  struo it, though my construction might  differ materially from yours. At any  rate, it is time enough to decide when tho  occasion arrives."  Whereat she flushed up and hotly declared that she detested a temporizer.  She further stated her opinion that tlio  sheriff would on account of his political  ambitions, allow himself to be swayed by  public sentiment, and had walked homo  that day with a young doctor whoso  views coincided with her own.  Now, tho sheriff was keenly sensitive  to her taunts, and, perhaps, more so because tho young doctor was very young  and very good looking. Tho sheriff was  thirty-two, red-headed, and not pretty,  although lie had a splendid physique and  and thc line strong face that is better than  mere beauty.  As the sheriff pondered over the words  of tho schooluia'am, a gloom overspread  his fine countenance. Evidently she  thought him a moral���perhaps a physical  ���coward, though his past life contained  abundant testimony that lie was neither.  At any rate, it would require a genuine  test of his theories to justify him in her  eyes���he could not do it by ti Iking���and  there was no likelihood of such an opportunity arising.  The sheriff sighed and looked up.  Something tit the other end of the plaza  caught his eye, and brought him to his  feet.  It was the town cow.  She wns moving with some show of in-  . terest, towards the wagon in which Bill  Harvey  was sleeping, and from which  some wisps of hay and Bill's tow head  slightly protruded.  "Blame her old hide!" said the sheriff,  "She's   a-huntin'   trouble.    If old  man  Bass wasn't such a helpless number I'd  *'    make him keep her up!"  f        Tho cow was hunting trouble and she  found it.  With the first mouthful of hay she gathered in a lock of Bill's tresses nnd with  u snort the bad man awoke. The sheriff  saw thc red and brutal face peer out. of  tlie wagon, then quickly draw back. Then  a shot rang out and the town cow dropped  dead. Bill leaped from tho wagon waving his six-shooter threateningly, and thc  sheriff*, who was a deliberate man, loosened his own artillery in its holster on  his right hip, and started towards tlie  scene of trouble. A few idlers stood up,  yawned nnd moved iu the same direction.  But tho first person to arrive was the  owner of the cow, old man Bass, an an-  cieut and decrepit gentleman, who, on account of his hnrnilessuess aud helplessness, was usually allowed to do and say  about what ho pleased. Tho cow was almost his only possession nnd ho wept bitterly at her taking off. Immediately he  began to upbraid her slaycvand call down  vengauce upon his head. Ho demanded  payment for her, but Bill was iu no mood  to be reasonable. Half crazed with drink  and naturally of a brutal disposition, he,  resented the old mail's appeals nnd attempted to brush him aside. But Bass  clung to him, demanding reparation. The  sheriff began to run towards them, but  when ho was within 20 feet he saw Bill's  right elbow crook, heard the smothered  report of a "forty-five," and was just in  time to catch thc form of old man Bass in  his arms.   He held a corpse.  Ho lowered his burden to the ground  and reached for Bill Harvey.- With a yell  of rage the slayer raised his weapon to do  another murder, but it was not a helpless  old man ho had to do with now. One  mighty hand of the sheriff wrenched the'  gun from his hand, aud the other found  his temple iu a crashing blow that,  stretched him low ou the ground beside \  his victim.  A crowd began to gather and mutter  dire threats against tho murderer, and  witnessed the cowardly assassination of  old man Bass. But before any' concerted;  action could be taken, the sheriff had  moved away.with his'prisoner, and placed1  him iu jail.  Coltsville came out of its nap to discuss  the murder, and the more it discussed it  the  more   indignant   it   became.     Old  man   Bass   left   a   widow   even   more  helpless than he had beeu,  and her pitiable condition made  tho case peculiarly;  distressing.     Harvey   had  long beeu a;  source of uneasiness to the town,  and  was cordially hated.    Men talked openly;  of lynching him,  lowering their voices  only when  the sheriff- passed by.    But:  that' personage  was fully cognizant of:  what wa.s being discussed,  and while he  sincerely regretted the occasion, he felt a.  sort of cxultanco in thc thought that ho  might  have an opportunity to put his  theories into practice, and vindicate himself in the opinion of the missionary.  The  men   of   Coltsville '���" had   known  ,"Mav" Allen since his infancy, yet in -an-;  affair such as this, ho -was an unknown���;  quantity.   They know him to be deter-7  mined and brave, but his predecessor had;  also been determined and brave, and yet-  had surrendered the jail to a mob,   when  he might  have defied it.   It was felt,  however, that Allemhnd  "something up  his sleeve."   .He would never declare himself upon the subject of lynching, further  than to say, as he had said to the missionary : --'When the occasion arises it will be  time enough for mo to decide what I will  do."    Of course ho was not taken  into  the general confidence, but from mauy  sources he received friendly warnings -as  to what might be expected,  the general  tenor -of these being to the effect that he  should find it convenient to,rcceivo*a call  to the other end of the county that night.  The missionary scented the trouble that  was gathering, and she wanted to speak  to the sheriff and remind him of his duty  but the opportunity did not offer itself,  and she did not seek to make it. Sheouly  prayed that the trouble might bo averted  and that, if the worst came to tho worst,  the sheriff would acquit himself like a  man���but not bo rash. Somehow, she began to feel that the defence of a wretch  like Harvey was hardly worth the life of  a good man, after all. Thc "principle"  of the thing, of which sho had been wont  to preach to the sheriff,, seemed-scarcely  so worthy as it had been.  The sheriff made no effort to. see her.  He busied himself about the jail. This  edifice stood near the outskirts of the  town, aud while by no means a fortress,  was a substantial brick structure that of-  ���fered, exceptional__ opportunities for de-  fense against the attack of a mob. Its  rear overhung a deep ravine that rendered  that side unapproachable, ' and it was  flanked by broken and stony soil that offered peculiar difficulties to the .massing  of men. It faced an open plain and stood  upon a knoll of considerable elevation.  Only from the front conld anything like a  storming party assail it, and from its  rampart-like roof ouo gootl marksman  might defend it against a multitude with  no great danger to himself.  Tlie "Texas moon," which is a source  of personal pride to every inhabitant of  the Loue Star State, illuminated, with its  rare and silvery radiance, -every quarter  of quiet Coltsville. From his position on  the jail roof the sheriff noted its glorious  effects of light and shadow on tlie scene  before him. Tlio broad (-louring whicli  tlie jail faced was bathed in a dear, white  glow. Men emerging from the clump of  chnpperiil on the further side would be at  the mercy of a determined defender of the  jail, if he were careful not to expose himself. However, some exposure would be  necessary���and men shoot straight in  Texas.  Tho sheriff waited, however, unafraid.  His only deputy had made an excuse to be  absent that night, nud Allen had not opposed his going. He was glad to assume  all the responsibility of tho occasion. Bill  Harvey lay safely in his cell below, and  only the sheriff was on guard.  Tlie sheriff of Hell-Bent had some little  veins of golden romance in his iron composition, and ho fairly reveled in the  glory of the night. "This moonlight" he  whispered to himself, "was made for lovers, not for lynchers. . What sacrilege to  do deeds���even think thoughts���of blood  on a night like this! And yet���what  have I to do with love? My business lies  with these," and he glanced at the loaded  Winchester aud two big six-shooters by  his side. And then he looked at the moon  again and thought of tho missionary.  It wtis half past cloven by the sheriff's  watch���he was smiling in patriotic pride  that ho could road the minutes by the  moonlight���wheu the low, hoarse murmur of many voices smote upon his ear.  Ho peered into the gloom of the chappnral  across the cleariug, and was not surprised  to see shadows moving among its shadows. Then one���two���six��� a dozen���  two hundred men deployed into tho open  and began to move towards the jail.  It was nu orderly, well-behaved mob,  as. mobs go, but it meant business, and  tho sheriff caught the glint of many rifle  aud revolver barrels.  He waited until the crowd was well  clear of the bushes, thou his own rifle  leaped to his shoulder and his challenge  rang out sharp and clear. "Hnlt! If  you come n step nearer, I'll send some of  you to kingdom come!"  The mob halted. It hnd expected some  parleying nnd wns williug to grant the  sheriff honorable terms of surrender. But  hnd no intention of foregoing its legitimate prey.  "Now," said the sheriff, "what do you  want?"  A man moved forward, and, with pebbles in his mouth to disguise his speech,  announced that they demanded the surrender of Bill Harvey. They knew he deserved to be hanged, and they proposed (to  hang him as an example to kindered spirits, and to the delaying courts. Would  the sheriff surrender him peacefully, or  would they be compelled to take him by  force!   It was up to the sheriff.  Allen rested the butt of his Winchester  on the parapet, and surveyed the mob a  moment before replying. He was clearly  outlined against the sky, and nny one of  a hundred men iu the mob might have  shot him dowu with ense. But he knew  his men, and it was a time of truce.  ���'Now listou, men," he began; "You  know* me; you' have known me all my  life, and I reckon I would know the most  of you if you came nearer. Doubtless  many of you helped to elect me sheriff.  At any rate, I wns given this office by a  majority of the county's voters to excute  their will ns nu officer of the law, aud I  reckon most of you are voters. Now I  nm pledged to obey the laws and execute  such portions of them as fall to my lot in  this position, and I propose to do my.  duty. But where does my duty lie? In  obeying the law, or iu obeying the people  iu whose interests the laws are supposed  to have beeu made? I.hold that my obligations nre, first, to the people, and if a  representative portion of the people considers the laws as they stand inadequate,  then it is not for me to oppose their  wills." ,-.-'���  A cheer weut tip from the men. They  had uot anticipated so'easy, a victory, aud  they began-to move towards the jail. But  ngain the command-to halt, backed by a  significaut motion with the Winchester,  brought them to a standstill. The sheriff  hnd more to say. He spoke evenly and  without a quaver in his deep voice.  "It is uot for me to defeat the people's  will, but am I svu-e, iu this instance, that  it is your will to kill Bill Harvey? Are  you agreed on this ?";  "We are," roared the mob.  "Are yon willing to. stand responsible  for this man's death���to absolve me from  all blnme, aud constitute yourselves his  executioners ?."  Again an affirmative auswer from the  mob.  "Are you sure that is your final aud individual judgment? Are you not carried  away by your indignation at this cowardly and unprovoked murder, and acting ou  an impulse that your calmer judgment  would not endorse?"       ' ��� _ .  "No, by God," answered the spokesman. "We have decided, after deliberation, that this crime calls for the murderer's blood, and we will not take chances  with the law. Harvey's folks' have  money, and they would get him out of  this." .  "Then," said the sheriff, "I will "uot.  stand in your way. But wait. If I understand you correctly, you are each aud  all of you ready to act as this man's executioner?"  "We are," was the response.  "Then I will deliver him to your' ven-  geauce���but oil one condition." He  crouched low ou the roof aud aimed his  weapon at the crowd. Then he spoke  again: "Now, if each individual in this  assemblage is willing to take the blood of  :of Bill Harvey upon his head, and answer for it at the judgment seat of God,  there is no ueed of you all acting in that  capacity, and I will not. allow it. Select  :j*niuLm.au^fi__ui^th_(Lj3i��W-d,^_encLhini_to_  the door, while the rest of you retire, and  I will let him iu and lead him to Bill Harvey's cell. There he may shoot him to  death with no interference on my part.  But if yon attempt to come iu a body, I  will send some of your souls to Hell this  uight, or .my name is not Maverick Allen."  "You, Mr. Leader, are you williug to  be the executioner? Yon men are all of  one mind, you kuow, and you know me.  I never lied to you in nip life, and I never  ���will. Choose your executioner, aud I'll  keep faith with yon."  The mob wavered uneasily. Here wa.s  a situation thoy never anticipated. And  the sheriff's words struck homo. Each  man took them to himself and pictured  himself as Bill Harvey's slayer. They  grew restless and began to mutter excuses  to oue another.  The leader of the mob was the first to  recover his wits. "To Hell with him fellers," he exclaimed. "Move on the jail."  But the Winchester pointed directly at  his brcatt and he kuew the man behind  it. He did not move forward himself and  none of the others offered to.     *���"'"  "Hurry, now, men," blandly remarked  the sheriff, "pick your man. I mean  business. Surely if you are all convinced  that this man deserves to die, aud are  willing to kill him, each man of you must  be ready to stand for the killing. Yon  would each be no less guilty of the killing  if you killed him in a body. There are  no fractious in manslaughter. And if  Bill deserves death why should one of  you be unwilling to do that which you  are all agreed is the right thing? If it is  murder for one, it is no less murder for  all.   Come on.  But tho mob held back and muttered.  In vain personal invitations wore extended by the sheriff to members by reference  to peculiarities iu their make up. "You  tall man, with the shot-gun, come in and  kill Bill." But the tall man suddenly  backed into tho crowd. "Fatty in the  slouch hat" likewise, refused to act.  The sheriff saw his advantage and proceeded to improve it. "Now fellows," he  said "you see you are not so sure that yon  are not so sure that you ought to execute  Bill, when you consider it as a personal  matter. You really ought to think it  over. Suppose you leave it to me. You  know I never deceived you, and I think  you   trust mo.   You say that you  are  afraid Bill's money or influence will get  him off. Haven't any faith iu our courts.  Now,listen! If Bill ain't condemned for  this crime, I'll promise you, on my honor,  to kill him myself."  Something like a cheer went up from  the mob, and it laughed in a foolish way  aud wavered. Then men began to slink  off in the chappnral, and in ten minutes  the mob was gone.  The sheriff of Hell-Bent was victor and  vindicated.  He smiled proudly iu the moonlight,  nud watched the Inst of the moving shadows disappear iu the bushes. Then he  lighted a cigar aud sat dowu to think it  over. It wns a triumph, yes, and yet���  what would the missionary sny? Sho  would call him a "temporizer," and perhaps suggest another hypothetical case.  Suppose a member of the mob had accepted his invitation? To the Massachu-  ��� setts miud no "s'posiu" is too improbable.  Well what weuld he haye done?. Suppose  a niau should come back! now and offer to  execute Bill?  'By Heavens!" exclaimed- the sheriff,  and stood up cliuchiug his rifle. For,  coming out of the chappiral, was a loue  figure. ' ' j  But none of the lynchers wore white,  and this one���was a woiaan.  "A faint voice hailed the sheriff with  "Don't shoot? It's Ij���Massachusetts  never forgets her Lindley Murray, and in  a.moment the sheriff was standing with  her iu front of the jail, j  "I���I saw it all!" she exclaimed. "I  had started to warn youj and beg you to  run away. Yes I wouldj! I was willing  for you to give up your prisoner, even, if  you would only not endanger your life."  "What?" asked the s&eriff. "And after all those lectures .011 j the duties of a  sworn officer of the law? Did you hear  what I said to them?"  "Yes," she answered, j'l hid in the sha-L  dows and listened.   I heard aud saw it  all. . j.  "And you can still ca*;e for a 'temporizer?' According to your standards, I  must havo been remiss iin my duties. I  played with Bill's life."]  "Yes, but only, to save it. and you  adopted the surest means of roing that.  And as to my staadards,; I have changed  them.   lam couteut-with yours."  The sheriff of Hell-Beat hailed a passing negro, and summoned his deputy.  Then he walked home with the missionary, aud was able to announce mysteriously, next day, that "Texas was going  to annex Massachusetts.''  Silver King Hotel  BAKER STREET;  NELSON,  Where Pearls Come From and How Found  UNDER  OLD  MANAGEMENT  BATES $1.00 PER DAY  The Dining Room is unsurpassed and the  Bedrooms are the best in Nelson. The Bar is  stocked with good Wines, Liquors and Cigars.  Madden House  THOMAS MADDEN  PROPRIETOR  Centrally Located  Electric Lighte  HEADQUARTERS FOR TOURISTS AND  OLD TIMERS  Baker and Ward Streets  Nelson B.C,  Tremont House  European and American Plan  Meals 25 cts.   Rooms from 25 cts. to (1.  Only White Help Employed.  -MA-��ONE-&-TREGILLUS=  Baker St., Nelson  Proprietors  SThe  trat-icona  (formerly Hotel I'liulr)  B. TOMKINS  MANAOBK  The Leading Hotel of the Kootcnnyi  Good Sample Rooms  Special   Hates  to Commercial  Men  Stanley aiid Victoria Street*.  NELSON  Lakeview Hotel  Comer Vernon and Hall Streets,  NKLSON,  B.C.  BUST DOLLAR-ADAY HOUSE IN  NELSON  NO  CHINKS!'* EMPLOYED  Attgast Thomas,   Proprietor  Queen's Hotel  Baker Street, Nelson. B. C.  Lighted by Electricity and  Heated by Hot Air  Large and CoinfortuMc Bedrooms nnd First-  class Dining Room. Annplo Rooms for Commercial Men.  RATKS {-'  PER DAY  MRS. E. C. CI.AHKE,  Proprietress  Bartlett  House  Josephine St.,  Nelson, B, c,  White Help Only Employed  The Best  Dollur-a-Dity House  In Nelson  The Bar Is the Finest  CEO.  W. BARTLETT,  Proprietor  "The quaint little old seaport of La Paz,  down the coast and at the extreme southern tip of the peninsula of Lower California, is still the most important pearl-fishing community on the Pacific coast of  America, and aniong tho three most important towns for pearl fisheries in the  world. Manuel Agnilea Meneudez, governor of tho Mexican territory of Lower  California, recently reported to the governor at the City of Mexico that La Paz's  product of pearls for the last year was  $2,145,000. The largest and finest pearls  found anywhere in the last few years have  come from the fisheries in the Gulf of  California, which have their headquarters  at La Paz. The gems are taken directly  from La Paz to lapidaries and wholesale  dealers iu the City of Mexico, New York,  and Paris.  La Paz has a population of about 2500.  Four-fifths of them are Mexican, aud the  rest of them are French, Americans, and  Germans, drawn there by the pearl fisheries. The town is huddled close upon  the water's edge, and with its crude old  stone and adobe houses, its tile roofs, ite  plaza with tropical trees aud gorgeous  flower beds under perenuial sunny skies  aud narrow winding streets, is a picturesque resort. The French and American  firms and companies that deal in pearls  aud oyster shells have large aucieut warehouses with thick walls aud irou grated  windows. Within the warehouses are  tons of oyster shells waiting shipment to  Europe and the Uuited States, vast quantities of diving garments, and accoutrements and stores for the fishing crews.  The pearls are kept in queer old 'iron  safes, which in turn are stored in vaults.  Years ago, before Hermosillo became a  rival in the pearl trade, La Paz was a  bustling commuuity. Now it is a sleepy  place, where the only events that ever  rouse it are the going out and coming in  of the fishing crews. The sole topic of  conversation in La Paz concerns pearls  and the market for pearl oyster shells.  Nowadays the market for pearls is the  very best.  The pearl-fishing season along tho inner  shore of Lower California almost always  lasts through July, August, September  and October. The season on the Pacific  coast side of Mexico and Central America  usually begins in March and closes when  the season of sudden whirlwinds and  hurricanes, so common in the tropics, begins in Juue. The pearl-fishers are the  divers who go down on the floor of the  ' sea and gather together the shells of thc  molluscs. The pearl-hunters are a more  numerous set of men, usually old men  who have grown feeble and useless physically in the diving. They work in long  open sheds along the shore, close by tho  companies' respective offices, and under  the "watchful eye of an overseer. The  pearl-hunter opeus carefully each shell,  examines it closely, all the tiuie using his  fingers for feeling for the precious pearl.  The gems are so rarely found that only  thirty or forty little pearls, and possibly  one the size of a pea, are found sometimes  in two tons of shells. To harvest a ton of  pearl bearing oyster shells takes several  divers two or three weeks. The pearl is  formed either by the intrusion of some  particle that irritates the oyster, causing  it to cover the irritant with a coat of  uacre, whicli, when hardened, becomes  'the-pearl,-or,'as-mauy-divors-bQliGve,-by'a-  parasite, for it has heen found that old  shells bored throughout by those parasites  contain the largest and finest pearls.  The pearl is found embedded in the oyster,  and not, as many suppose, attached to the  shell.  There is a wide difference between the  pearl-fishing as conducted in the Gulf of  California up to a generation ago, and the  modern methods of scientifically garbed  and equipped pearl-divers. The naked  Indian divers used to have deadly combats with thc sharks that infest the waters  of the Mexican coast. Yankee invention  and the introduction of business methods  have very much altered the life and ways  of the pearl fishers. Formerly it was a  haphazard occupation. The divers could  work in* slihllow water only. Now all is  changed. The 875 men employed by one  of the American pearl-fishing companies  at La Paz arc divided into gangs, and  move about iu four or five schooners of  100 tons burden. About 100 modern diving suits are employed, and each gang has  one. The diver remains down an hour or  more in shallow depth, gathering the  shells and loading the wire basket which  is lowered to him.  However safe auy company tries to make  the occupation of pearl-diving, it is still a  dangerous and debilitating work. The  average Englishman would be a nervous  wreck after ono or two .seasons of pearl  diving. Nearly nil divers are partly, if  not totally, deaf. Incipient paralysis is  another affliction. One sees several scores  of paralyzed veteran pearl-divers in La  Paz auy day.  The effects of diving on the nervous  system arc very apparent. The more educated and thoughtful a diver so much the  worse for him. While he is at work he  is usually in bad temper and irritable.  About IS fathoms, or 108 feet, is the deepest suft depth. A diver cau remain only  about 10 minutes tit this depth, while in  five fathoms he can work for two hours or  more.  Most pearl fishing companies have strict  orders that no diver shall descend if lie  has hud more than a light meal of toast  and coffee. Heavy eating, and particularly meats, tends to make respiration difficult. Yet, strange as it may seem, each  company has to keep close watcli on its  men to force them to obey this rule for  their own safety. While walking over  the sea bottom the diver adopts a swinging, rapid gait, and his eyes scan a.s much  as possible of the grouud. Even experienced divers are nervous while under  water. A strange object, such as a rock,  looming suddeuly in sight, a strange fish,  or an unusual vegetable growth will make  the heart beat more rapidly and cause a  feeling of apprehensiveness. Sometimes  the divers encounter sharks, but the  mortal combats that are reported to occur  between the pearl-divers and these wolves  of the sea are generally exaggerations.  When the diver has secured all the* shells  he cau by working as rapidly as possible,  he signals the nien above iu the boat by  jerking a line attacked to his waist. Then  he is immediately drawn up and out of  the water. ���r-  The pearl oysters are uot fouud'in beds  like edible oysters, but are scattered singly  over a large area, the diver sometimes  having to walk many miles before filling  his wire basket. The shells are about the  size of small soup-plates, weighing about  a pound each, and shaped much like our  oyster shell, only more round. Sometimes  iu grasping a. shell the hand of the diver  comes in contact with a stone-fish, so  named by the divers, a venomous little  fish hiding under rocks and shell, and secreting poison. This fish punctures the  skin of thc baud, causing the entire arm  to swell, with great'pain. The remedy is  to remain below aud suffer, for the pressure of the water causes the wound to  bleed freely, and the poison thus escapes.  As iu gold mining enmps, there are days  of excitement because of unusually rich  finds of '.pearl-bearing- oysters. A fishing  fleet may come in from a now locality  with au abundaneo'bf valuable pearls, and  under strict orders of the company operating thorn, will keep the location a secret.  But rival companies are bound to find, in  some of their numerous ways , of learning  such secrets, the spot where the pearls  have been found. At once there is a  stampede thither of companies and individual pearl-fishers. Sometimes there are  rows among the fishers concerniug the  priority of rights to fish for pearl-bearing  oysters iu these waters, and one hears at  La Paz many a hair-raising tide of this or  that person oi* crew who weut out from  La Paz to invade another person's or  crew's fishing domain and never came  back.  A few years ago thc value of pearls  taken iu La Paz caused a rush to thc  ground equalling that of the golficlds.  One pearl wcighud 75 carats aud was sold  for ��2800; another, perfect in shape and  finely tinted, brought ��1000. Ono of tho  largest pearls found here in the last century brought ��10,000. One of the best  years for pearls iu modern times was 1881,  in which a black pearl was found of 28  carats weight, which brought ��2000 iu  -Paris. In 1882. two were found, weighing  81 and 45 carats, which realized ��2200.  In 1S83 a light brown pearl was found  which weighed 6*5 carats, and sold for  ��1600, while a pear-shaped pearl brought  ��1500.  To illustrate how the native pearl-fishers  are cheated even now it may be stated  that one man, about two years ago, found  in Guatemala, a pear-shaped white pcarl  of great luster, which he sold for ��2 to a  merchant, who in turn sold it in Paris tor  ��400. Last June an ignorant Mexican,  who had been diving on his own account,  brought two rough pearls to an assistant  in a general merchandise store. The assistant gave groceries and fabrics to the  value of ��3 for the pearls, and a week  later sold them to a firm for ��120. The  gems aro now in London, where they are  easily worth ��000 to ��1000. On the other  hand, a boy 15 years old fouud an oyster  that concealed a jewel now offered for  sale in the city of Paris for ��2000. He  received ��800 for it from a negro speculator named Justian at Guaymas. The  latter took it to Panama and sold it to  Panama and sold it to Fcliz Ehrniiin, the  "banl��errfor=a'considerablc,=advancc"*oirtho-  price. One of the bes. pearls of later  years has been called the Cleopatra. It  was perfect, weighed !J6 carats, and sold  for ��2000.  The pearls are divided into eight or  nine classes, the lowest grade being imperfect aud rough pieces; tlie highest  grade are large aud symmetrical, and  range iu price from ��70 to ��200, and from  pure whith with a rich luster to black  and metallic hues and pink.  Formerly Lu Paz sent pearls to London  and Germany as well as to Paris, but now  the demand seems to be greater at lJtii'is,  and, altogether, tlie dealers can do belter  tliere thau elsewhere.  Americans place higher value on pearls  after they have been to Paris. Tliey could  really buy them chen]>er nt home if they  only chose to.  A teucupful of pearls and about itnOO  tons of shells is a profitable year for the  largest of the pearl fishing companies at  La Paz. The oyster shells are sold to  buyers for French, Dutch and New ling-  liiiid button factories. One firm at Brussels has a standing order for 2000 tons of  mollusc shells of certain variety each year.  A teacnpfnl of pearls of the average size  come to about ��15800. But in such a quantity of gems tliere will very likely be n  dozen or twenty pearls of extra fine color  and rare size, so that the value of the  season's work is enhanced ��-1000 or ._<i000.  The colors of the pearls in thc Gulf of  California are white, black, blue, and  green, and the best nowadays nre worth  from ��"200 to ��'800 each. The finest pearl  found is a black pearl of seventeen carats  weight. The green and blue pearls are  not found in all the fisheries in thc world.  A black pearl in the Napoleonic, regalia  came from La Paz, and its history may be  traced back to the day when a Mexican  peon brought in a shell to the Spanish  headquarters tit La Paz. Thc fellow was  given his freedom for his find. Thc gem  was valued at Madrid at a sum equal in  our money to ��501)0, and was presented to  tlie French government in 18(i'i. along  with other jo-vels.  The Gulf of California is noted for its  fancy pearls���that is to say, the colored,  and especially the black one. There is a  collection of pearls in a rich old hacienda  in Chihuahua, Mexico, that shows them  of till colors, from pure white to peacock  green, and from perfect spheres to pear  and other shapes. They were' all fouud  iu tho Gulf of Mexico at different times  between 1700 and 1850.   ���  Hard on P. Barns & Co.  W. T. Stead, editor of Ihe Review of  Reviews, has extended his liberal sympathy to yet another sect. The vegetarians  are the object of his latest interest. Mr.  Stead, although himself not yet converted  to a vegetarian diet, heartily approves of  vegetarianism. That is why he has given  his country place at Wimbledon, near  London, for a vegetarian garden party.  Mrs. W. T. Stead is also a sympathizer,  and will, with Mr. Stead, receive tho several hundred guests expected. Vegetarians from all over London and its vicinity  will be present. In addition to the garden party proper there will be an exhibition and salo of vegetarian foods and  wearing apparel, featherless hats and'  leatherless boots. The vegetarian society  looks forward to a day, wheu Mr. Stead  will become a convert to their system.  Vegetarianism in England has distinctly  pressed ahead within the pa st few months.  This is maiuly due to the visits of Dr.  Kellogg, of the Battle Creek, Michigan,'  Sanitarium, and to the subsequent opening of half a dozen English institutions  on the plau of Battle Creek.   Mrs. Oruiis-'  ton Chaut the tindeuouiinational preacher,  is deeply interested iii- the latest of the  sanitariums, recently opened within a few  miles of Loudon.   Mrs. Chant says that  the health of nations would be materially  improved if men and women would make  a hsibit of retiring iuto rest cures once iu  so ofteu.   She believes particularly in the  benefits   of  vegetarian   cures.    Another  sign of progress among English anti-meat -  eaters is the.widespread approval of the ���  mcu and women they havo entered iu var- '  ious athletic  sports.   G.  A.  Olley,   the  vegetarian'  bicyclist;   has had so mauy,  triumphs this year that he has been selected to represent Euglanu (vegetarians aud "  meat-eaters alike) .it a series of interna- ;-  tioual races to be held in Copenhagen next  mouth.  *<**������  NOTICE  Notice is liereby given that'the undersigned  company has heen notified that ecrtain stock  held in the name of Geo. II. llrndhnry and Geo.  Mcrklcy should be cancelled and forbidding the  company to allow auy transfers therefor, and  that an action will be brought to cancel suuli  stock.  Till-: NORTHWEST COAL A COKE CO., LTD.,  1'er B. B. MKjllTON, fecc'jvTreas.  ,  NELSON LICENSE DISTRICT.  ~>Z I  ���Notice is hereby^ given that William Robertsir^fl  has made application'under the provisions of theiM  "Liquor License Act, lfloo,!': .for an hotel licenBO^xg  for thc.Florence 1'ark hoteLncai Nelson,and thiUtSfol  a meeting of. the hoard of license commissioners ��g'&|  of the Nelson license district will he held to co|i-j'\_i.I  sider such application at the court house at'tBMJ j 7? \  City of Nelson on Saturday, the luth dav of Octo?"  ber, 1903, at the hour of 10 o'clock in the forenoon. W. H.-BULLOCK-WEBSTER,  Chief License Inspector.  Chief Constable's Oflice,  Nelson, B. _., aith September, 1D03.  NOTICE.  In th. matter of an application for a duplicate  of a Certificate of Title to Lot 13, block 41, in ths  town of Nelson. Notice is hereby gi*.en that it is  my intention to Issue at the expiration of one  month from the first publication hereof it duplicate of the Certificate of Title to the above men-1*  tioned Lot 13, block -17, in tlie town of-Nelson, in  the name oi Albert -floury, which certificate is  dated tho 6th day of April, 11)01, and numbered  147a. II. F. MACLEOD,  Lund Kegistry Oflice, DistrletRcgistrar  Nelsou, B.C., 10th August, 1003.  Certificate of  Improvements.  NOTICK.  The Alhainliiii Fractional  Mineral Claini. .��itu-  ,ate-in-Un_-*elsuU^M.lniiij;-liivastoi! "f "'"*'t_v_ales_  nav District.    Where Indited :   On the west slope  of Gold Hill, on Knplc iri'i'k*.  Take notice, that I. I'eler Kdiimml \\ ilson, 1-rec  Miner's Ci'rtllii'iite No. HSUT/iT, as agent for John  K. Swcdberg, Free Miner's (Vrlllicate No. 58282,  intend, slxlv davs frmn the date hereof, to apply  to  tlie milling  recorder  for a certificate of im-.  proveineiil, for the purpose of obtaining a crown  grant of the above claim.  And further take notice that action, under section .'17, must be commenced before the issuance  of Mich I'lTtllicatcs of improvements.  Haled this I'.'lh dav of September, A.D. 1903.  1'. E. WILSON.     .  Certificate of Improvements.  NOTICK.  Hen llur, Salisbury, and Warrington mineral  claims, slluate in the Nelson mining division of  West Kootenay district. Where located: On  Tamarac mountain.  Take notice; that I,.I. A. Kirk, acting as agent  for John Dean, freomliier'soertlllcateNo.ii.'w.oOl.  intend, sixty days from the date hereof, toapply  to the mining recorder foreerliileutcsof improvements, for the purpose of obtalnlngerown grants  of the above claims.  And further lake notice that action, under section 37, must he commenced before the issuance  of such certificates of improvements.  Dated this 1st day of August, A. J>., 1!HW.  .1. A. KII'IC.  Certificate of  Improvements.  NOTICK.  "Agness" mineral claim, situate in the Nelson  mining division of West Kootenay district.  Where located: Near the Arlington Mine, Erie.  Take Notice that I, John l>. Anderson, 1". L. S.,  of Trail, B.C., agent for William Connolly, Iree  miner's certificate No. H.->.S.M2, and Edward  Walshe, free miner's certificate No. B7">19'J, intend,'sixty days from the date hereof, to apply-  to the mining recorder for :i certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a crown  grant  to thu above claim.  And further lake notice that action, under  section :I7, must be commenced before the issuance nf such certificate of improvements.  Dated this 2nd dav of September, A.D. l'.X)3.  J. D. ANDERSON.  Certificate  of Improvements.  NOTICE.  K and L and Corinthian mineral claims, situate in the Coat Kiver mining division of West  Kootenay district. Where located : On the east  side of Kootenay lake, at the mouth of Crawford  bay.  Take Notice that I, John McLatchie, acting as:  agent for C. G. Major, oilicial administrator  (trustee of the estate of R. D. Munro), l.uzettn  Field, free miner's certificate Ni>. H-KS2I7, and  Charles M. Field, free miner's certificate No.  IIIS2Hi. intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply l-.i the mining recorder for certificates  of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining,  crown grants to the above claims.  And further take notice that action, under section .17, must be commenced before the issuance  of such certificates of Improvements.  Dated fils -Itli dav of September, A.D. 11103.  JOHN McLATCHIE. The Nelson Tribune  The J* H. Ashdown Hardware Co., Ltd.  Importers   unci   Dealers   in  SI-ielO*nd_!J-I_ttvy  Tinware and  Graniteware  Stoves and  Ranges  BAKER ST.  Fire Brick, Fire Clay, Portland Cement,  T-Rails, Ore Cars, Shee^Stee2LCj^cent,  Canton and Jessop's Drill Steel : : : : :  in Elisors!  Sidney Stockton Taylor put (it is said) $20,000 on his life with  a Vancouver "tramp" insurance agent.  BILLY ROSS, the Conservative candidate  for the FERNIE  District,  does ALL his insurance   with  Cree & Histcluson  The Instance and Real Estate Men of the District  Buy  Lots in Coleman  Buy  L,ot__  in   Coleman  Honey  IPUREf  CALIFORNIA  Honey  In  I-lb Glass Jai-s 25c  J. A. IRVING & CO.  Groceries and Provisions  Houston Block, Nelson.  ���  ��� "  I  Preserving Peaches  ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  ��� ��� . X  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���-������  We  are  now  receiving regular  consignments  of the \  ,. 'X   Crawford Freestone Peach direct from Wenatchee. Prices  X  t ��� have touched  rock   bottom  for this season, so do not de- X;  X   lay in ordering your supply. ���  ���  ���  I J* Y. Griffin & Co., Limited. I  ���  ^���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������^  NELSON,   B. C.  I ]. A. Kirkpatriek & Co., Ltd. 1  ....-������ Wholesale and Retail g��5  p)oc*o  Groceries, Crockery and Glassware p|  Aberdeen Block, Nelson ����g  'v rtora  We have just received a consignment of The Cudahy   |||  Packing Company's famous j��l  Diamond C Bacon |  especially  cured  and  smoked  for  family use.    This   |||  bacon has no equal on-the market.    Tit it.    We have   fg��   -.��� ok=^-   ���     ��� =-^= ��� -���<-���= ��� 5)5(8"  a few gross of Preserve Sealers left at right prices. |��|  J. A. KIRKPATRICK &!_0., Ld.  Kootenay Coffee Co.  "Dealers in  Coffee, Teas, Spices, TZaking, Powder, and  Flavoring Extracts.  OUR GOODS are p"re anci selecteci from the best in ihe various  -    ������ ~ ��� lines.   In order to get the best, please buy from us  direct, and Ive guarantee satisfaction.    cAddress,  Kootenay Coffee Co.  Telephone 177 NelsOIX,    _5, C. P. 0. Ilox 182  Carpets, Rugs  We carry a very large  Slock of  9     The Latest Pnttc  Come and make your choice  Before House Clean ing  [SEE    OUR   OO-CARTS  All prices.   We can suit yon.  D.   McARTHUR   o_   CO.  Furniture   Dealers   and   Undertakers  MORLEY & CO.  Wholesale and Retail-  Booksellers and  Stationers  c/irtists' Materials  Engineering and Mining  Books  Typewriters  cMimeographs  'Photographic Supplies  SMusical Instruments  Morley & Co, Nelson, B.C  THE TOWN AND THE DISTRICT.  T. J. -Roy eanie down from tho Lardo  on Thursday, having out his foot, bndly.  Master Moelnmic Temple ot" tho O.F:l..  ut Rovelstoke is in the city on a business  ���trip.  Mrs. F. H. G-iihniTi and child loft this  week for Montreal where she will spend  I lie winter.  Tho C. P. R. has received three more  mammoth locomotives for use on the  heavy grades afc Rossland and Phoenix.  One Is it standard and tho other two consolidated compounds.  Editor Lowery returned from Poplar  on Thursday, having completed arrange-'  incuts for the early appearance of the new  paper for that district, to which it may be  said he will do full justice. . Tho world is  thirsting for news of this new Eldorado  and his venture should be a great success.  Chief justice Tuck of St.. John, New  Brunswick, brother of S. P. Tuck, sheriff  of this city, arrived in Kelson this week.  ,The gentleman is a fine specimen of well  -matured manhood, being over 70 years of  age, and seems destined to a life of usefulness for somo years to come.  Mr. George Kj*dd, manager of tho Roy-  ;al Bank of this city, h?.s been called to the  ihead office, presumably with the intention of giving him a promotion. The city  can ill-afford to lose one who has been so  igood at entertaining it in a musical way  as Mr.'Kydd. The best wishes of a host  of friends will accompany him on his way  and to, whatever point he may be located.  The architect who conceived the plan of.  the postoilico building is a bit weak on  doors. The arrangements for ingress and  egress tire faulty and nine people out of  ten have' a very vague idea whether the  ".doors open out or in. With this exception the building is a delightful act-uisi-  ��� tion to the already many up-to-date blocks  .in the city.  '-. The August and September numbers of  The Advertising World, London, Eng.,  has au article written by our townsman,  F. W. Pettit, on the subject of . "The  Power of Thought and Its Relation to  Advertising," and the September number  of The American Advertiser, New* York,  has an article from the same pen on  "Mirth in Advertising."  Poplar Creek is becoming quite a town  and buildings are going up quite freely,  good hotel is on the way, which will help  the situation in the-spring. The interest  in the town is unabated, as evidenced by  the crowded cars to be soon every day.  Ferguson and Trout Lake were never in  bettor shape than they nowr are. The  opening of the new branch of the Imperial  Bank at the lake'city'has put it on a better  basis, and a large sawmill now going xip  helps the situation.  Fred Starkey, well known as intimately associated with butter, eggs, and politics, returned from tho Lardo on Thursday, very well satisfied with the outlook.  Camborne seems to be the only dull place  up there just now. He was accompanied  by Frank Hawthorne,- the genial Royal  Seal cigar representative of this city, who  is equally satisfied with things and is full  of the prospects of that region, and incidentally of a little interesting episode  which befell him on tho way up.  Several passengers returned from the  -Lardo=ou���Thursday���thanktul^thtit^they-  were on terra flrma again. The royal  mail steamer "Nelson" has been in commission now about thirteen years and it  is thought by most travelers that she  should bo .superannuated. In rough  weather ou the lake slie has a way of inspiring great uneasiness among passengers and crow alike, and there is danger  of her ending her days after the fashion  of tlie old "Ainsworth," near Pilot Bay.  It uiay save the C. P. R. a lot of money if  it grasps the situation, for freight at times  runs high aud passenger compensation is  an expensive indulgence. While looking  into this matter, tho powers that be might  incidentally take a glance at navigation  mallei's on Trout. Lake, for they may per-  eeivo similar possibilities reasons for comment up there.  Thanksgiving Day at thc Opera .House.  Thero is tt great treat in store for lovers  of music and elocution on Thursday next  at the opera house. Miss Edna Sutherland, reader, and Miss Merriello G. Pat-  ton, contralto, will give one of those re-  iined drawing room entertainments. They  both bring with them exceptional press  notices; the Toronto Globe speaking of  Miss Sutherland says-she is "Au elocutionist of great versality nud charming  personality." The New York Musical  Courier, speaking of Miss Pattou says:  "Her voice is a powerful contralto of good  range and quality. She is a young artist,  and in addition to her musical Lifts, has a  very attractive stage presence. Manager  Annable hits been fortunate, in inducing  this entertainment to come this way.  What Outsiders Think of Our Fall Fair.  The citizens of Nelson, B. C, are deserving of no little praise for the enterprise displayed in holding n fall fair.  Although Nelson is not nearly so well  situated For the successful carrying out of  tin undertaking of this kind a.s many  other places in southern British Columbia,  it has taken the initiative and its example  will doubtless be followed by many other  towns in this part of the interior.    To say  12r PANTSf  ��� ���     I  AT *  II A. felker si  ���������">���������������������������>������������������������������������������  !that Nelson is notpverly favored for conducting an agricultural exhibition is but  ���to increase the praise given its citizens for  ; their energy displayed. Nelson is more  jdepondent upon its mineral resources thau  ���upon the benefits; received ��rom agriculture, and for this 'reason alone it may be  clearly seen that the undertaking was no  .little task. To run a successful agricnl-  . tural fair in an eastern town or city, even  ;iu the center of a farming community, requires considerable attention and is attended by uo small amount of work, so  jthat it can readily be understood that the  (directors of the Nelson exhibition, no  !doubt niiiny of whom were inexperienced,  imust have worked Unceasingly. to have  .brought the exhibition up to the high  :standard it attained. But in spite of the  many difficulties encountered in carrying  out the work, the Nelson, fair was a success, and with the experience gained this  year, that city will bo able to next year  i excel the fair held last week.���Midway  Dispatch.  Why-Brunettes Marry Soonest.  ; In choosing' a wife a man looks ahead,  iThus,'although a pretty face may attract  his eye, he doesu't "striye aud agonize"  to secure its owner as aii ornament for his  domestic hear tit, because'lie vr.nts something more durable and usc.ni than mere  prettiness in a wife.  So the pretty doll-like blondo get.1: overlooked when marriage is uppermost in  man's mind, and her dark, ofttinies really  plain, sister is stepping to tho music of  the "Wedding March" ere ever an engagement ring has found its way to her finger.  But, quite apart from the question of  looks, there is a widespread conviction  among masculinity generally that a dark  woman's capacity for faithfulness is infinitely greater than a fair one's. And  really there is something to be said in support of the argument, for fair women, all  the world over, are the biggest flirts', and,  to paraphrase the sentence, "Once a flirt  J_L^3____J_i___I___!I_ i erofora_th.<__.dar__ girL  is the safest wife, because, unused to adulation and meaningless flattery before  marriage, she will not bo likely to seek it  after.  Again, dark women are the most capable. Under stress of strained circumstances they will buckle to, and put their  hands to tho plough to help n hnrrassed  husband; whereas, under similar circumstances, Ihe fair doll-wife will wring her  hands in impotent misery, cry until red  rims encircle her blue eyes, and then forgot all about her husband's difficulties, as  though he had never told her that retrenchment of the household expenditure  wtis necessary.  In the homo, too, tho dark girl is something of a leaning post. ��� Sho win bo relied on for household management, aiid if  domes!it: help fails, will turn to, and, unaided, run the house herself. A cheery  meal will await her husband's return and  lie won't have to listen to a tirade on the  hardness of her lot, as would probably bo  the case were ti blonde the presiding genius of his homo.  Neither will thc dark girl, wheu the  first warm blush of youth's heyday begins  to fade, assume the pose of a chronic invalid to ensure sympathy for her supposed  martyrdom. She will accept the inroads  of ago as inevitable, and be as happy in  middle age as over she"'was in tho heedless, irresponsible days of her girlhood.  And if sickness overtake the breadwinner, wh un sho promised to "love and  cherish till death should them part," hers  is veritably the hand of the "ministering  angel." '"Tis hers to pluck the amaranthine flower of faith, and round tlie sufferer's temples bind the wreaths that endure affliction's heaviest shower. And do  not shrink from sorrow's keenest wind.  She can endure, because she loves with  a love that defies time, tide, and eternity  to weaken it. She can be strong, because  in her strength to will and do lies hie secret of her own happiness, .and thc happiness of those best and dearest to her.  Oil, yes; man, who is essentially a being dependent for his moods upon the  way in which his creature comforts arc  ministered to, knows full well what he is  Nelson Opera House  One Night Only    .  Thursday, Oct. J 5  Thanksgiving Da}-  Sketch and  Story  MISS   EDNA  Sl'Till*l{LANI>  ���  ���  ���  *���  ���  ���  ���  ���  ���  Western Tout of  Miss Edna Sutherland  - *       and - -  ���������  Miss Merrielle G- Patton  Song and  Ballad  Nelson Opera House  One Night Only  Thursday, Oct. SS  MISS .UERRIELLE G. PATTON  ADMISSION,  50, and 75 Cents  ���  ���  ���  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������#���������������������������������  about when ho selects a dark girl for his  wife.  He may be warned that unsuspected  storms of passion lurk in the liquid depths  of her flashing orbs, but he thinks he can  run the risk of occasional gleams of temper, when the other characteristics so amply compensate for the defect.  Besides, hasn't the blonde a temper?  Aye; and a far more tryiug one, too, than  her darker rival. She may not, when  angry, open her mouth for speech, and  say hat, biting words on the spur of the  moment; but she will firmly sulk for  hours, days���nay, perchance weeks���and  what abode so miserable as the home of  sulking wife?  So the world'wags on, and though the  blonde undoubtedly has a fine time when  flirtation is the order of the game, she is  nowhere iu thc matrimonial market when  there is a dark girl in the field, for she  is;���  =^.^^Sp_coldly,sxtee.t,.SD_dea6_.3Mair,:^=^  We start���for soul is wanting there."  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������  I SUNDAY!  !    HOURS     !  t    ��   , t  X Our store (corner of Baker $  X and Josephine streets) will X  X be open every Sunday for ���  X dispensing purposes:���  ���  X 9:30 to 12 o'clock  X 2:00 to    5 o'clock  X 7:00 to    9 o'clock  I Canada Drug and Bookf  ��� Company. Limited f  ������������������������������������������������������>������������������������������  No Thanks Needed.  The Bevelstpk Herald states that John  Houston must thank R.S.Lennie's friends  for turning the scale in his favor. The  Herald is mistaken. Mr. Houston has no  need to thank the Lennie faction for his  election. Upon election day the leader of  that faction went fishing and it has still  to be proven whether Lennie is a Liberal  or a Conservative.  cArtbur Gee  cMerchant Tailor  HAS ON HAND HIS STOCK OF  \   Fall  and   Winter Goods  cAs heretofore they are of  the best quality and latest  designs.  Tremont Block  Bnker Street  JUST AUK1VKI)  New Fall Goods  OK TIIK  LATESTJIKASIIIONS  Scotch   Tweeds,   Landslide,   Strathcona  and Belwarp Serges.   A fine lino  of Piiutiugs of the latest styles  Trices to suit tlio times.  Cull ami see them.  John Smallwood  Ward Street MERCHANT TAILOR  Sewing Machines /Pianos  FOR RENT and FOR SALE  fob  Pointing  We Use Gumption  well as the best papers  ^ and inks in tlie execution of 3'onr orders���  they will not be mis-  ^ understood. Quick dispatch giveii out-of-town  work.  as  W. E JONES  Ma-Weii Building     NELSON, B.C.  Corporation of the City of Nelson.  Water Rates Notice.  Old Curiosity Shop,  Josephine Street  Nelson j B.C.  TIMBER NOTICK.  Notice is hereby given that thlrtv days from  date 1 inlend to apply to the honorable the chief  commissioner of hinds ami works ut Victoria, B.  C, for u special timber license to cut and cany  away timber from the following described land :  Commencing at a post marked M.K.K southeast corner post, situated on the west side of Slocan lake, said post is planted on the line of Alex.  McKay's west boundary line, Ihence west 8!)  eliatns, thence north SU chains, thence east 80  chains, thence south 8:1 cbaius to place of commencement, containing 0-10 acres-  Dated, Sept. 2_, llKM, JI. E. KOCH  NOTICE  In the matter of an application for a duplicate  of a certificate of title to lot (i, block 8, in Kaslo  City (map 3U3.  Notice is hereby given that it is my intention  to issue at the expiration of one month from the  lirst publication hereof a duplicate of the certificate of title to thc above mentioned lot 0, block  8, in Kaslo Citv (map 3IW), in the names of Thomas  Devlin and Adam Mackay. which certificate is  dated the 2'lrd day of September, 18D2, and numbered 15Hila. H- V. MACLLOD,  District Registrar.  Land Registry Ofllco,  Nelson, li. C, 1st October, 191M.  FOR SALE  A mattniileent Imperial Edition de Luxe, Rid-  path's "History of Universal Literature," -I vols.  Morocco.   At u burguin.   Apply Tribune ollice.  Water rates for the quarter  ending December 31, 1903, are  now due aud payable at the city  offices. If paid on or before the  15th instant a rebate of 10 per  cent will be allowed. If not  paid at-or before noon ou the  30th instant, the service will be  discontinued.    By order,  D. C. McMORRIS,  October 2nd, lOO.'i. ->^lty Lld'k.  Corporation of the City of Nelson��  Electric Light Rates  Electric light rates for the  month of September are now due  and pa3--able at the City Office.  If paid on or before the 15th  instant, a rebate of 10 per  cent will be allowed. By order,  D. C. McMORRIS,   -  October'.'mi, lira. City Clerk.  FOR SALE  Improved Ranch in Lardo  Valle}' for sale. Address E.  R. Vipond, Trout Lake, B. C.


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