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The Nelson Tribune May 23, 1903

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Array 00tl  -*. *  >.*���    (L        -     /*��J^'*<'I  Saturday Afternoon, May :23, 1Q03  GAMBLERS'SENSATIONAL DISaOSURES-WIDE-OPEN POUCY CONDEMNED BY THE COURT  THE CRIMINAL LIBEL SUIT OF DANIELS VERSUS MORGAN RESULTS IN THE ACQUITTAL OF THE ACCUSED  The grand jury  foreman, Fred  D. Orde, (Ross-  The spring criminal and civil court of  assize commenced at Nelson on Monday  morning.   The Hon. Mr. Justice Martin  is the presiding judge,  were H. E. Croasdaile,  Irvine, Blake Wilson, E.  land), H. Giegerich, (Kaslo), H. E. Macdonell, J. Fred Hume, W. P. Tierney, C.  E. Miller, Bruce Heathcote, Gearge Kydd,  J. A. Turner and T. S. McPherson.  The following are the petit jury: Heruy  Amas, H. H; Avery, W. W. Bradley, J.  G. Bunyan, Henry Cane, F. M. Chad-  bourn, Edward Ferguson, F. B. Hawthorne, Richard Helme, George C. Hodge,  Joseph W. Holmes, Robert M.Hood, G.  H. Jesse, J. H. Matheson, Thomas Morley,  W. E. McCandlish, James McDonald, D.  M. McDonald, D. S. McLachlan, G. E.  McLaughlin," G. B. McMillan, James Neelands, Onslow Newling, William Park, J.  O. Patenaude, H. H. Pitts, J. L. Porter,  D. J. Robertson, T. J. Scanlan, Peter  Schonfeld, W. H. Sinclair, C. W. Slipp,  B. B. Smith, J. L. Stamford, H. Roy  Stovel, J. K. Strachan, W. A. Thurman,  John Toy, William Waldie.  After explanations by the leai*ned judge  the grand jury were given the Walter  ��� Willis and Moodie-Jagger cases. A true  I bill was brought in against Walter Willis,  and P. E. Wilson of Nelson, crown.prosecutor, announced Ins readiness to proceed  with the case. Willis had no counsel,  and the court adjourned until 2 p.m., the  judge1 instructing the registrar to obtain  counsel if possible for the prisoner! .-'-No  counsel being obtainable, tlie prisoner defended himself. He was chafged.with on  Nov. 3rd trying to kill Robert Adaans,iii  the International Hotel at Rossland, by  shooting. The following were the jury:  ;G. C. Hodge,\ foreman, B.B. Smith; Rr  Helme, Jv:-L. "Stamford; C. W. Slipp; J;  Toye, J; L. Porter, H. R. Stovel, J. K.  Strachan, T. J. Scanlan, J. O. Patenaude  and Thomas; Morley.;7 ���       , i    y  Robert Adams said he was dealing faro:  at the International Hotel, the prisoner  was one of the players. He had a dispute  about some chips with'the accused, who  left the room, returning shortly afterwards, and after shouting to the* other  players to get out of the way, he shot at  witness, the bullet strjJring'liinr onytlie;  left breast. '���".'.'"'"���' :AAA"���>.'''  Thomas Holland told the same story.  W. L. Coulthard, M.D., of Rossland,  testified to the injuries and produced the  bullet, which had entered the chest below  the left nipple, cut through the lung and  kidney and lodged in the back.     :  John Thatcher, a gambler, and constable Heavener also testified. Joseph  Leamy identified a letter written by Willis  in the Nelson jail, telling the Rossland  chief of police where he liad hidden the  revolver. F. Wilson, who found the gun,  identified it in court. This concluded the  case for the crown.  The court informed the prisoner that he  could make a statement under path, but  it would not have any influence against  him if he did not do so. The prisoner  asked the attendance of two witnesses as  to character and the court adjourned until  10:80 Tuesday that they might be in attendance.  In Rex v. Moodie and Jagger the grand  jury brought iu a true bjllforjiheft. The  foreman of the grand"jury~poihted*"out"  that although Jagger had been arrested  and the money was on him at the time, it  had not been taken by the authorities,  and Jagger has since skipped his bail.  The woman.from whom the money was  stolen has accordingly lost it, and refused  to come here to testify. Mr. Justice Martin said he would take the matter up  later on.  In Rex v. Burbridge, a Trout Lake case  of theft, no bill was returned.  In Rex v. Skales, assaulting a police  officer at Camborne, A. M. Johnson obtained a postponement until the next as  sizes, bail of $1,500 being granted.  On Tuesday morning the trial of Willis  was resumed. He called Harry P. Jones  and H. Mcintosh of Rossland, who testified that he had lived quietly and paid  his debts; and had got into no trouble.  Willis addressed tho.court on .his own behalf, and said he did not intend to kill  Adams, he had five other shots in the re?  volver and Adams could not possibly get  away from him.  P E. Wilson, crown prosecutor, did not  wish to address the court for the crown.  The judge briefly summed up and the  jury retired. After about twenty minutes  consideration a verdict of guilty of shooting with intent to do grievous bodily harm  was returned. Sentence was deferred  until the end of the criminal cases.  On the reassembling of the court at 2 p.  m. J. Burtt Morgan, formerly Baptist minister at.Nelson and. Rossland, now an insurance agent at Grand Forks, was charged  with criminal libel by alderman and police  commissioner Harry Daniels of Rossland.  J. L. G. Abbott appeared for the private  prosecution and J. A. Macdonald for the  defence. The jury <was selected as follows: John Toye, foreman, J. L. Porter,  R. Helme, H. R. Stovel, W. W. Bradley,  W. H. Sinclair, J. W. Holmes, W. E. McCandlish, W. A. Thurman, G. B. McMillan, Peter Schonfeld and J. L. Stamford.  Mr. Morgan pleaded not guilty. Mr. Macdonald asked that all witnesses in the case  should leave the court. Mr. Abbott  opened the case for the prosecution, briefly  explaining the case, the libel being contained in the valedictory number of Truth,  a paper published by the accused, the  words complained of being "That this  official in his capacity as police commissioner shared largely in the proceeds of  ; this system of police blackmail no intelligent man in Rossland .doubts for one  moment," and confined himself to proving  the publication of the libel.  Joseph B. Ingrain, a son of ex-chief of  police Ingrain, testified to the distribution  of the copies of Truth complained of, and  identified the paper.   John Phillips testi-  . fled to receiving two copies from Ingram,  and that he read the article whicli referred  rto Harry Daniels.   Cross-examined by Mi*.  Macdonald, he said, gambling was carried  bnopehly in Rossland last year, roulette,  stud poker and other games were played.  He thought Daniels knew of what was  going on, had heard of the police collecting largo sums for gambling privileges  and supposed Daniels knew of it.   This  closed the case for thc prosecution.   Mr.  Macdonald opened the case for the defence  by relating to the jury the history of gambling; in Rossland fdming*1003-n'iicl 1003,  and the methods adopted of enforcing law,  order and morality.   Frank Walker,   a  sport or, sportsman, was appointed police  commissioner in 1902, tin-horns invaded  the city, roulette wheels were started and  a wide-open policy was instituted.   After  some time public opinion was outraged to  such an extent and there was such an  outcry that Walker was forced to resign,  and. Harry Daniels -was appointed police  commissioner. ; Gambling was stopped for  a short time, but afterwards was opened  up again, the roulette"*wheels, etc., being  removed upstairs.: Ingram, who had been  reinstated. chief of police, told the gamblers they must get together and appoint  an "ambassador" if they wanted to run".  This was done, and the evidence to be  produced would show that money was  raised and where it went to.   Chief of  police Ingram  and "ambassaeor" Dave  Morgan, not to be confounded with his  client, had left the country, but evidence  .would be produced to sustain his client's  plea of justification.  ^'IlM_*y-McInt6shrproprietor-of-theHofE-=  man House, said after the election of  mayor Clute in 1892 and the reinstatement  of chief of police Ingram, he bought a  roulette wheel and opened up because the  rest did'.. Ingram told him if the saloon  men wanted to gamble they must appoint  an "ambassador." They met and appointed Dave Morgan, who ran the gambling at the International, and agreed to  pay $150 a month for the privilego of running gambling games. Dave said it  would take that to go round. The Rossland Miner and thc Rossland World were  to'have.$150'eachjEroni_tho hotel men who  were running the games. This was in  addition to the $150 each and was paid to  Morgan. He produced four checks- for  $150 each in favor of Morgan, paid for the  months of July, August, October and December. Ingram notified them to move  the games upstairs. Later on went with  Harry Jones to mayor Clute. We wanted  our fines reduced. Told him we could  uot pay $150. .. He was quite stiff. Told  us to see Dave Morgan, and he would see  his colleagues and come to my place.  Came in half an hour or so. Said he  could do nothing in the matter and would  not promise any reduction. Never intimated we were trying to bribe him.  Afterwards* Dave Morgan came to my  place and said $50 "reduction would be  made. Paid him $100 on 5th day of De-:  cember.  Cross-examined. by Mr. Abbott:. I  bought my . own roulette wheel. Employed altogether five men to run the  games! I don't think Morgan got any of  the $150 we paid him. Had no talk about  campaign fund in Clute's office, had talk  later in my office. I said I did not wish  to put up money. Clute said he was not  depending oh the support of the saloon  men. I told hini he might need it.' The  houses assessed were the Hoffman, Clifton, Clarendon, Strand, International and  Maple Leaf.  Hugh Henderson, sworn:   I was owner  of the Strand.   I did not run the gambling.   I saw the chief of police regarding  gambling   probably  in   July.    A   party  from Butte wanted to buy my place, but  would not do business except with the  city direct.   I saw Ingram, who said see  Morgan.   I then saw Clute and explained  it to him; he said I must see Morgan.  This man would not do business with an-'  other gambler, so the deal fell through.  ��� Cross-examined by Mr. Abbott:   Tho  talk with Mr. Clute was on Columbia avenue.   I am positive he  referred me to  Dave Morgan.   Morgan wus running the  whole town as far as gambling wTas concerned.   My arrangement was that the  house was to get 33 per cent of the profits,  Morgan got the balance.   After the expenses were taken off he chargad me with  the $150 and brought me out in debt.  " On Wednesday Maxey Crow was the  first witness.   He objected to giving evidence unless paid his expenses.   It was  explained that this was a criminal action  and he was ordered to testify.   He said:  I was one of the'proprietors of the Clarendon and Dave Morgan was my partner in  the gambling rooms.-  The roulette game  was opened,up in Feburary'and ran about,  three mohtlis,' theiiit whs closed filTabout  ���July.- c'It was closed- by the police -I" think  in  April  and  proceedings   were  taken  against me.   I talked with Morgau and  opened up with my own wheel I think in  August.   I agreed to pay a fine of $150 a  month, Morgan came and asked me," I  paid him for August, October and November.   I contracted with Rolf for improvements in the card room and told  hiin  to  give   Pretty the papering and  Daniels the painting. .Daniels did it all.  It is a fact that I offered Pretty a cheque  for the work, although he had done none  of it. y I said, if you are soyhard up for a  few dollars I will give you a "cheque for  it.   Ingram did not speak to me about  changing  the gambling  room, lipstairs.  The witness in answer to -Mr. iMacdon-  ald's question said: Yes, when I came to  you to ask to be excused from attending  this trial, I told you Ingram spoke to me  but it was n��t true, he did uot.  Cross examined by Mr. Abbott: I think  I did pay $150 in November. I actually  did pay $450,' Morgan taking the money  when he was in partnership with me be-  =fore=July.=-Lhavei:Seen=a=lot^of=roulette_  playing but never ran a game before last  year. Roulette is the squarest game in  the world. ,  Edward Bailey said: I was bookkeeper  at tho International last year, Dave Morgan was manager.1 Roulette gambling  was carried on in February last year, it  was stopped about the end of March, and  began again in July. Daniels was appointed police commissioner on May 31st.  I had nothing to do with the gambling, I  only spent a couple of hours a day on the  books. I saw some cheques turned in by  Morgan and ho was given cash for them.  fined $300.  fined $250.  men were  Some he put in the drawer himself and  took the cash out. These cheques never  went in the books at all.: The big Ross-  Land fire damaged the International and  Daniels did the work. He received $674,  covering from August to December, 1902.  I saw Daniels sometimes when he came  forcheques.  Cross-examined by.Mr. Abbott: I have  known Daniels seven years. He did work  for the International before 1902. Dave  Morgan marked the bills O. K. Daniels  was paid by installments*" $30 per week?  George T. Bailey said: I am chief of  police of Rossland, I was sergeant last  year and have been oh "the force nearly  'four years.   Roulette wheels were first  introduced in Rossland iii February, 1902.  They only stopped for a .few days about  election time.   Ingram instructed me to  report in February where gambling was  going on, and  I reported a number of  houses, but no action;;' was taken.   I got  sick and tired of reporting gambling it  seemed an established yusage. . I never  served summonses on gamblers, the chief  served them. A number of gamblers were  fined but I do not know to what houses  they belonged.   John Thatcher gave his  name as John Doe.7 The chief gave me  the names on a slip of paper and I entered  up the fines.   Dave Morgan's name never  appeared.   On July 30th eight men were  fined $400.   August 30th six men were  fined $300.   September 80th, six men were  October 80th, five men were  In November none but China-  fined.   In December Brown,  Smith, Hayden and Doe' were fined $100.  I did not attend meetings of the police  commissioners.  . Cross-examined by Mr. Abbott: I have  seen gamblers in court, but do not know  any particular time, the charge was read  and they pleaded guilty. Gambling has  been going on in Rossland ever since I  came there. I was told by Vaughan to  take no notice of it.  �� Harry Jones, saloonkeeper:   Kept the  Clifton  house   prior ,tb 1902, liad card  games. ' I introduced "a.roulette table in  1902, Have Morgan told me they were going to run and the town would be' wide  open.   He wanted a.half interest in my  wheel the same as he had in the others, I  told him I wanted no partner.   Dave said  it had all been arranged, the half interest  was not for himself, but for' the police  commissioners and the-rest. Fred Walker  was the police commissioner mentioned.  I said I would see Ingram about it.   I saw  him and he said anything Dave said went.  _Then I saw Jack Clute, and told him; he  was mayor audit polic&~cd_nihi_sioner7~rT*  said it was not rigliti^imd I. would not  stand it.  -He said a half loaf was better  than none, I said I would take no bread,  and went home. - Frank-Walker came in  one evening and says you're having some  trouble? I told him yes and we talked  about it.   He told me to stand pat, which  I did and ran my own wheel without giving up any interest.   Dave came next "day  and told me the fines were going to be  $150 a month each house and $50 a month  extra to keep the newspapers quiet, the  papers were the Rossland Miner and the  Rossland World. ** I wrote out my advertisement for the** Miner and the World  copied it." I afterwards found that the  papers only got $12.50 from each of us, so  I arranged after Augustl to pay for my  own "ad" direct.-  I went away to Ireland and the wheels were closed down.   I  returned on July 28th.   Dave came to me  and said it was arranged to run the wheels  the same as before, so Lpaid him $150 and  opened right out.   I was told the gambling was to go upstairs by both Morgan  and Daniels.   I met Daniels at my. place,  ���he_tbld.meJhe.preachers jvere,raisinghell_  over the gambling and to make it more  private we had to go up stairs.   About  November I went with Harry Mcintosh  to see Jack Clute, the mayor, we wanted  to have the $150 a month cut down, we  were not making anything.   Harry mentioned the figure, I said nothing. ' Clute  told us to see Morgan.   He would see his  colleagues and see what could be done,  but he did not think it would be any use.  We  came  away  and Mcintosh said it  would bo better for us not to be seen together.   He weut on ahead to his place of  business and I walked the other way.   I  waited around and presently Clute came  out of his office and walked along Columbia avenue, and I followed him. Just  outside Daniels' store, the chief of police  and Daniels were standing and Clute  joined them. They talked standing at  the edge of the sidewalk for about ten  minutes. Clute then left them and weut  to the Hoffman house (Mcintosh's.). I  saw Mcintosh af terwards and we talked  about Clute. When Morgan came back  he came to collect the fine for December,  he said the best he could do-was $100, aud  that would run us over until January 15,  election time. I paid $150 iu August,.  September, October and November, and  $100 in December, all to .Morgan.'-. I wns  not summoned by. the police during the  time I paid the fines. I asked Dave where  the money was going, he said you know-  as well as I do it goes to: Ingram, the  mayor, judge Boultbee and Daniels, just  thosefour. ������"  Cross-examined by Mr. Abbott witness  said: I was in Rossland since 1898. I was  cooking at first, then had the Belmont  house, later had an interest in the gambling rooms at the Grand hotel with Kelly,  and in 1899 or 1900 rented a table, at the  International from Kloclmiau and opened  games in the Clifton saloon in February,  1902.   The other houses paying for gambling were the Grand, Windsor, International,   Kootenay, Hoffman,   Clarendon  and Maple Leaf.   Morgan wanted a half  in the games.   He said "I am appointed  to look after this matter and the commissioners and others want something."   I  knew Hamilton was not in it or with us  in the matter.   He was a different sort.  His record satisfied me he was not the  man for that sort of work.   Daniel could  do nothing with a man like Hamilton.  Daniels' bill for painting was too high but  I paid it and said nothing.  This closed the case for the defence.  Ex-mayor J.  S. Clute, called by Mr.  Abbott: Had lived in Rossland since 1895.  He told why the wide open policy had.  been introduced into the city.   The Rossland finances were in a bad shape.   The  new system had brought in over $10,000 in  police court fines in 1902.   He denied all  statements��inade by Jones and Mcintosh  especially as to the Latter telling him they  wanted  the  fine of $150 reduced.    No  amount was ever mentioned.   He recommended Daniels for tho vacant commis-  sionership when Hamilton resigned.  Mr. Macdonald subjected the witness to  a stiff cross-examination.  Harry Daniels, .the informant was then  examined by .-Mr. Abbott: Had lived in  -Rosslandsince 1890."? Tlie* article-hi Truth'  , shown refers to .me. He had, never received any boodle or been' offererl'aily, all  the work done for Jones and the others  .was done at a fair living price.  Cross-examined by Mr Macdonald: He  was not consulted when appointed commissioner, he left everything in Mr.  Clute's hand. He denied the statements  of Crow, Mcintosh and Jones wherever  he was mentioned.  This concluded the evidence.  On Thursday the com-t assembled at  10:15, when the grand jury made their  presentment as follows,:.-'.  The grand jury desire to present that  they have visited the Nelson jail and. wish  to place on record that they have found  that institution in a condition of perfect  order and cleanliness, and that they considered that it is being conducted in a most  capable and efficient way. They may also  express their appreciation of the efforts  of Mi* Lemon, the head warden, to utilize  the gaol labor to advantage in improving  the government grounds and making the  surroundings bright and attractive.  ^JJhe^ grand jui^destte_further_ to present that during th^past^~e^r~tlie~dis~  trict whicli they represent has on the  whole been orderly and law abiding, with  unfortunately one exception, and that is  the town of Fernie, and its neighborhood.  In this neighborhood there appears to exist a lawless and dangerous element largely composed of foreigners. This element  has on several occasions defied the author-  ties, being guilty of overt acts of gross  personal violence and riot, and brought  the good name of this district for the  maintenance of law and order into disre-  repute and disgrace.  Thc grand jury have  come to this conclusion from the evidence  that has come before them during  this  assize and .from  ocenrance's of common  public knowledge, that an urgent needs  exists for a stricter and more determined  and forcible  administration of the  Law,  especially as regards acts of personal violence, and the interference with the rights  and liberties of private individuals.   To  justify this'strong expression of opinion  the grand jury may refer to the fact of .a'  constable  named Stephenson being run  out of town for several miles and severely  maltreated, to the case of a private individual who was similarly treated, and iu  neither of which cases was a single person brought to justice; also to the riotous  assembly-that  took place at the   Coal  Creek mines on the 19th of March last  when a mob of some 150 to 200 men,mostly  disguised,"gathered together and forced  men to leave their legal avocations, aiid  others  to .leave their beds drove them  for several miles down the railway track  by violence  and threats, besides  being  guilty of assault and battery.   In view of  the  fact, that only four men have been  committed*- to trial for the unlawful assembly last referred to, although many  more were7 recognized,   the  grand  jury,  cannot help coming to the conclusion that  there  has  been a deplorable want of a  prompt and energetic administration of  justice in the neighborhood referred to,  .and-that  the constables appear to have  been noticeably absent at the time when*  their services were most urgently needed.  The grand jury therefore deem it their  duty to present to your lordship, in the  most serious and emphatic way they can,  that an absolute necessity exists for abetter provision for enforcing the law at Fernie  at  least  while the lawless element  above referred to continues to manifest  itself.   A large force of provincial constables should be maintained at Fernie, or  failing this,   the  dominion government  should bo asked to established a force of  mounted police in that district.  ' (Signed) H. E. Croasdaile.  His lordship stated that the presentment  would be(forwarded to the proper quarters, and', no doubt the recommendations  would receive the attention they deserve.  In order to co-operate he would follow the  presentment up with his personal recommendation . that steps be taken at once  to put an end to the condition of affairs  in the district referred to, which tended  to lower the prestige of the country for  being law abiding.  The case of J. Burtt Morgan was then  continued, Mr. Macdonald addressing the  jury for: the defence.. He had gone into  the matterratlier fully, in his opening address ahd.would' not detain 'thorn.' long.  He had proved there was a system of  blackmail iii Rossland and that Daniels  had profited by that corrupt system. The  article was a fail* comment on a matter of  public interest, it was justifiable by its  truth. No attempt was made to show  that Morgan was insincere, on tlie other  hand Daniel was self-confessed as knowing his obligation as a commissioner, but  he left everything to Clute, except the papering and^painting. Clute left everything to Ingram, and Ingram left everything to Dave Morgan. In conclusion the  trial was of;more than local importance,  the matter effected the whole community  and he asked the jury-to vindicate this  man, who "came out boldly in the interests of those who honor right doing.  Mi*. Abbott made a strong plea in favor  of Daniels. Whether the system inaugurated/by the commissioners wa.s right or  wrong, there was no evidence to connect  Daniels with any wrong-doing. He reviewed the legal aspect of the case and  askeclfor a conviction.  "Mr.^ustice^Martiu^theff  jury: The counsel engaged have discharged their duties in a manner deserving great credit. Tho case was of importance to every municipality in the province and your verdict will have an effect  on juries which may hereafter sitou cases  of this kind.  It is my duty to inform you that this is  a matter of public benefit, yon will restrict  your enquiry to these two phases of it:  1. Did the. accused have reasonable  grounds for believing his statement to be  true; nnd 2.  As a matter of fact, was the  state of affairs such as lie alleged.  Some remarks were made as to the duties of the public press. No,w we find���  and one is almost ashamed to think that  such a state of tilings could have occurred  ni this province���if the evidence is to be-  believed, that the two newspapers mentioned here, the Minor and the World  were bought up hi order that their voices  with regard to these <matters under consideration here, should be muzzled. It is '  a good tiling that tins lias come out, because the people in that community will  know now how to look upon such papers,  ^yhich I say, arc a disgrace to this community- Good newspapers are a tower  of 'strength',- but we have been shown two  newspapers of an utterly contemptible  stripe. -.*���������������,.  If yon find what the defendant wrote  was, true, that" he wrote it actuated by  proper motives as a public duty, he performed that duty and deserves the thanks  of the cohuiuinity, he picked out and said  this is the man I accuse of malfeasance in  office: y  Such attacks as these are often made  a_ general charge against a class, such as  all the mayors of British Columbia are  this and that. A general charge of this  kind is utterly contemptible, it is the duty  of every man if he attacks any officer to  name thc individual and not to inveigh  generally against a class. Iu this case  one tiling is quite certain, it was unlawful for the commissioners to enter into  any arrangement with the gamblers. Beyond all question a system of police black- '  mail existed in Rossland. There is nothing to show that the mayor or police mag-.  istrate got any of this money. The chief  of police undoubtedly collected a much  larger sum than was turned into tho' city  officials and from the evidence you may  infer that some of the money did not go  further than the pockets of tliat official.  The jury found a verdict of not guilty  on both charges, and as the verdict carries  full costs with it, Harry Daniels will have  to settle Mr. J. Burtt Morgan's bill as well v  . as his own. _   , ' *<^  '  In the case of Rex vs. Palko, defendant,'  was charged with stabbing a countryman '  (a Slav) named John Moravich.during' a ''  row'at Fernie.   The jury were out about  an hour.   Their verdict was as follows:  "We find the prisoner not guilty. There   ���  was a great lack of witnesses and evidence  -  on the part of the'crown which has-left a ~  doubt on the part of tlio jury, and accord- (  ing to your lordships instructions we have  given  the prisoner  the  benefit  of  the1  doubt" - -  The next case wa& Rex vs. J. W. Mor-~  rison, R. Madison, F. Chiodo and J. * T.  Davis, charged- with -unlawful assembly  at Fernie.  After hearing the evidence and counsel  on both sides, the court adjourned until  10 o'clock this morning. On reassembling thc learned judge charged the jury,  who retired shortly before 11 o'clock, in  about two hoars they brought iu a verdict of not guilty against all of the defendants.  Mr. justice Martin, today, at the conclusion of the criminal cases, sentenced  Walter Willis to seven years imprisonment for shooting Robert Adams at Rossland.  V . ��� .  ~:m  GOT NO GAMBLER'S GOLD.  The Rossland World, in yesterday's issue, denies that it received any bribe, or  any cash except from hotels and saloons  for advertisements which were collected  forbyitin the usual way. It says:   "The  World states that it is a deliberate falsehood to say that it was bribed to keep  "sUeht=about=1ganibliiig.''" ~Conunenting-  upon the remarks of Mr. Justice Martin,  goes  on   to  say:   "Common justice  it  would demand that we should have been  heard as to the charge before any such  unjust denunciation from tlie bench, and  if there be any 'disgrace' or 'contemptible  stripe' nppai*ent iu the whole case it cannot bo from the World, which has been  condemned on alleged hearsay evidence,  without the opportunity to contradict it,  and wc regret that wc cannot further express our sentiments ns to the injustice of  Mr. Justice Martin."  C. & W. Investigation Concluded-Finding of Committee Not Expected to be Unanimous  The Columbia & Western investigation  committee met on Monday with attorney  general Eberts in the witness box. He  said that the refusal of prospecting licenses in block 4594 was based on the necessity of first determining the title. He  declared that he had always favored investigation and a test of the title in the  courts. He denied ever saying tQ Wells  "then let us go" in reply to the assertion  by Wells that if these grants were completed the government would have to go.  Helmcken's cross examination was  brought to an end shortly after 5 p. m. by  an unexpected difficulty. Helmcken insisted on Eberts reconciling his present desire for intervention by the crown on behalf of Rogers, against whom the C. P.R.  is bringing a suit, with his opposition to  a similar course in the case of the Kaslo  & Slocan railway a few years ago.  Chairman Clifford ruled this irrelevant,  and was supported by A. W. Smith while  McPhillips and Green held up Helmcken.  The chairman refused to allow the question to be pressed and said that to overrule him an appeal must be taken to the  speaker.  The committee adjourned.  On Tuesday morning sh* Thomas Shau-  ghnessy, president of the Canadian Pa  cific railway, was present and produced  correspondence bearing on the inquiry.  The committee adjourned until 2 p. in.  so that counsel could examine the documents.  On reassembling sh* Thoinas explained  that there had been no intention or desire on the part of the company to keep  these papers from the committee. He  could say little about the negotiations  leading up to the granting of these lands.  In November, 1901 Wells called on him  in Montreal and told him he had come  about the land grants. . Wells asked to  retain the two crown grants so often referred to, for a short time, but promised  to deliver them within a month. Next  day Wells spoke to. him about building  the line to Spence's bridge, he told him it  was impossible. Sh* Thomas subsequently urged Brown to have the grants delivered. Nothing was done, but in March,  Brown wired that the grants had been  cancelled without notice.  Sh' Thomas was shown bill 87. According to his recollection there was no  agreement between the C. P. R. and the  government of British Columbia which  would justify the company in proposing  such a definite arrangement as set forth  in the preamble of the bill.   He believed  it to be the duty of thc government to deliver the disputed crown grants to his  company, and he believed the province of  British Columbia would eventually do  justice in the matter. There was no  doubt in the minds of the company where  the titles of these blocks lay, and the company was prepared to test the question in  the courts. He did not consider confirmatory legislation was necessary to validate  those grants.  He understood the purpose of bill was  to enable the government to grant the  company a subsidy for section 4, and relieve it from constructing section 5 of the  Columbia & Western.  He had never mentioned to Wells the  formation of any company to develope  any portion of the lands covered by the  disputed crown grants.  He heard gossip regarding the formation of a company but there was positively no foundation for it. Colonel Prior  did not tell him that there was a question  of a land company and some improper  suggestions with regard to the delivery of  the crown grants. He did not pay any  attention to the gossip which reached him  as it was utterly groundless, aud did not  concern the company in any way. Mr.  Brown may have stated in a general way  that report of proposed wrongdoing was  one of the reasons for which the government introduced the bill rescinding the  crown grants. Mr. Wells explained that  the action of the government was duo . to  political trouble. He told Wells the company would fight the matter in the courts.  Witness assured Wells he had no desire  to embarrass the government and consented to him retaining the crown grants,  so that he would be in a position to state  publicly that the transaction was not  completed, Wells had not delivered the  patents at the time. It was not his affair  what purpose Wells proposed to serve by  holding the grants, he did not anticipate  the legislature would cancel the crown  grants.  Sir Thomas gave his evidence with  frankness and a wonderful memory for  details. He admitted Wells had not delivered the grants. He said Wells' former friendship for tlie Canadian Pacific  railway company was "purely platonic."  He denied that the grants were withheld  in Montreal becBiise ho would not comply  with the demand that the C. P. R. would  build to Spence's Bridge.  On Wednesday sir Thomas Shangh-  nessy completed his evidence and was  cross-examined but nothing vital was  elicited.  H. C. Oswald, secretary of the Colum-  umbia & Western, swore Mr. Wells had  handed him 25 crown grants on November 20, 1901. Ho put thorn in tlie safe, a  short time afterwards Mr. Wells called  and asked for two crown grants but witness would not give them. Next day  Wells returned and got the two crown  grants, ho (witness) having got specific  instructions to redeliver them,  he could  not remember who from. He could not  swear tho grants returned to Wells were  for blocks 4593 and 4594. He liad told sir  Thomas of the incident shortly before  they left Montreal for Victoria.  A. R. Creelman, K. C, solicitor for thc  C. P. R., said he had drafted the footnote  to the receipt to the effect that the grants  were only accepted in partial settlement  ment of the Columbia & Western land  subsidy. He was not aware that the patents had been in the vault all night. He  considered the grants had been issued and  practically delivered and advised that  actions be taken against persons prospecting and staking claims on blocks 4593 and  4594. He thought this the simplest way  of bringing the company's rights to an  issue.  On Thursday the re-oxamiuation of  George McL. Brown, premier Prior and  ex-premier Dunsmuir occupied the whole  session.'  Nothing that has not already been published was elicited from Brown, except  that he had polled the members to establish the probable fate of bill 87 last session  and found a majority to defeat the measure. "Political expediency" he maintained was the reason given for the cancellation of the grants.  Prior said he drove out with Prentice to  tell Dunsmuir when he learned of Taylor's proposition to Wells. Prior said also  that the government thought it was  through Taylor's connection with Eberts  that the company was gaining an advantage. He said bill Hi was never intended  to convey those lands to the C, P. R., and  he could not credit the fact that this wjus  its effect when Oliver drew his nttcntign  it. He asked Wells and Eberts for an explanation. The former said it was in  compliance with the subsidy act, and Eberts said it was a matter of policj*.  Dunsmuir in his explanation said thc  proposal to transfer thc lands from the  British Columbia Southern to the Columbia & Western was made by Eberts, who  said that Brown wanted it. He also declared Eberts wrong when he testified  that he did not know Wells was to seek  better terms in Montreal. Dunsmuir was  present with Eberts in Wells' room when  the latter told them all of the matter.  Shortly after being told of Taylor's proposal in Montreal, Dunsmuir said ho called  Brown into Eberts' room and told them  of the information he had received, and  added: ��� "I understand you (meaning  Brown) and you (moaning Eberts) arc in  it." He then said: "See here, I won't  low this to go any further. I will cancel  thc grants." His information was that  there was two members of the government in the deal. Both denied the imputation, but Dunsmuir said that with the  turning of the grants from ono company  to another, and with Wells' story, he  made up his mind there was something  wrong. Brown's report of the executive  meeting he declared all rot.  On Friday Smith Curtis gave evidence  voluntarilv to have a crack itt Joe Martin:  Martin had denied that he had grasped  tho enlarged scope of bill 87 of lust session. Curtis disputed this, as ho hnd directed particular attention to the fact and  Martin was iu the hou.se at the time.  Wells recalled said tho grants iu question had been kept in a square envelope  and had remained during his entire stay  at the Windsor hotel. Ho could not recall saying the company should have the  grants in 30 days. The only reference as  to time, wa.s when Shaughuessy asked at  parting when he should hear from him  again, and he replied probably in a month  or six weeks.  Mr. McCaul, on behalf of Mr. Wells,  addressed the committee. In brief his  argument was that all tho evidence supported Wells' story as being absolutely  time.  Thc committee adjourned until Saturday morning.  Victoria, 2 p. m., May 23.���[Special to  Tin* Tkibune,]���All that remains for the  Columbia & Western committee to do is  to make a report, as the evidence was  completed yesterday and thc lawyers finished their addresses today. McCaul, for  Wells, claimed that the evidence went to  prove that Wells' version of what took  place in Montreal was the time one; and  Duff, on behalf of Oliver, contended that  the methods of the government, individually and collectively, were not in the interests of good government. It is not,  likely the committee will be unanimous  in their report. There is some talk that  Prior will be dismissed aud that W. W.  B. Mclnnes will be called on to form.' a  government, but the chances are thnt  when the house meets the estimates will  bo rushed through and the legislature will  then be dissolved. %  The Nelson Tribune  ��� r-n-Trani  ank of Montreal  Established 1S17.    Incorporated by Act of Parliament.  CAPITAL (all paid up)   REST   UN DIV IDE!) PROFITS  .--.$12,000,000.00  ....    8,400,000.00  3'V>98.(>2  Head   Office,   Montreal  ItT.   HON.   1.0UO STRATHCONA   AND  MOUNT  ROYAL, G.C.M.'i..  President.  HON. (i.  A.   OKl'MMON'l), Viee-Prerident. K. S.  CLU8TON, ('em-nil Malinger.  NELSON BRANCH KanS'1  A.   H.   BUCHANAN,  IVIai-iuK��***'.  IMPERIAL BANK OF CANADA  Head   Office:  Toronto,    Ont.  CAPITAL (Authoii/('d) ��,000,000  CAPITAL (Paul l'l>)   . . 'J,?iH,7!H  REST. . .-. '2,-.20,07r,  Itianchon in  tlif XoithttfM Teniloilet, Provinocs of British  Columbia, Manitoba,  Ontaiio aiul Quebec.  T.   K   JIKKItrrr, PiPMdont. "���   '������   WILKIE, Vice-President and General-Hiiiinger  K.   11 \Y,  AbM'.taiit (ii'iifiiil Mnimgei. ' W. MOFFAT, Chief Inspector  NELSON   BRANCH  A general banking bii'incs tmnMieted. Savings Bank -Department���Deposits received mill interest  allowed. Drafts sold, a*.ailable in nil pans, of Canada, United Stntcs and Europe. Special  attention giveii to collections. J-  M-  UAY,   Manager.-  The Canadian Bank of Commerce  With which is amalgamated  I  The Bank of British Columbia  Head Office:   Toronto, Ontario  PAID  UP CAPITAL    RESERVE FOND ..  AGGREGATE RESOURCES OVER  .$ 8,000,000  . 2,500,000  . 72,000,000  HOX. GEO. A. COX, President      B. E. WALKER, General Manager  I:  NEL.SON  BRANCH  Savings   Bank   Department  Deposits received nnd interest allowed  BRUCE  HEATHCOTE,   Munuxer  The Nelson Tribune  Founded in 1892.  THE TRIBUNE COMPANY, LIMITED,  PROPRIETOP.S.  Office: McDonald Block, Raker Street  o           The Neuon Tribune is served by carrier to  subscribers in Nelson or sent by mail to any  nddress in Canada or the United States for $1.00  a vear; -price to Great Britain, postage paid,  ?1.50      No subscription   taken   for less than a  5enr* JOHN HOUSTON, Editor.  ~     SATURDAY,  MAY 2'i,  190JJ  With the examination of the three Canadian   Pacific   oilicials   who came from  Montreal, thc Columbia & Westeru investigation may he said to have come to  a close, as far as taking evidence is concerned.   Sir Thomas Shaughnessy was a  good witness, far the best heard during  the investigation.   His answers were direct and he did not appear to wish to place  a  strainod  construction  on   documents  submitted to him.   That he told all he  knewis a question, and it is a question if  his version'of what took place during his  several interviews7 with Wells in Montreal was not coloured to suit the C. P. R.  contention, that is, that while there was  no actual delivery of the two crown grants  there was a promise of delivery within a  specified time." He admitted he was lending the aid of his company to deceive the  people and the legislature when he al-  ���lowed=Wells=ito=retain=the=-two=crown  grants until such time as the vacancies in  the Dunsmuir cabinet were filled, so as not  to  embarrass  the government.   He refuted Eberts' contention, that there was an  agreement between the Canadian Pacific  railway and the government in regard to  building sections five and six of the Columbia & Western, by stating that there  had been merely a general talk regarding  the matter, but no agreement.   He also  refuted the  evidence  of   George  McL.  Brown, Eberts and McBride that the government had taken the initiative in all  the deals regarding the lands in question,  by stating that he thought the company  must have taken the imtiative,as they were  the parties most interested.   He admitted the advantage to his company of having the land in question vested in the Col-  umbia&Western instead of tlie British Columbia Southern, because the Crow's Nest  Pass Coal company liad a right to select a  certain acreage of any coal lands that  might be acquired by the British Columbia Southern.   He admitted that a company liad been formed to work coal mines  directly in tlie interests of  the Canadian  Pacific.   Notwithstanding the fact that,  the company had an agreement with  tlie  Crow's Nest Pass Coal company not to  mine coal for ton years.   Mr. Oswald, the  secretary   of   the Columbia & Western  Railway   company,   tried to show that  Wells had actually delivered to him tho  two crown grants in question along with  the others and that they were in the company's vault from late in tlie afternoon of  November 20th, 190J, till tho forenoon of  the next day.   Ou being cross-examined  he made a sorry mess of it and it would  have been better for tlie company if ho  had remained in Montreal.   Mr.  Creel-  man, the general counsel of the company  in Montreal, was an eminently safe witness.   He  did not know anything and  would not swear that Wells', statements  we;-e incorrect.   To sum up the evidence  t '.ken is tlie part alloted to the five ��� mem  bers of the committee, and as they tire required to lay this report before the Louse  on Wednesday, anything The Tribune  may say cannot affect their finding. The  evidence clearly shows that members of  tlie Dunsmuir government were willing  to do the-bidding of George McL. Brown,  whose duty it was to look after the interests of the Canadian Pacific Railway company, who was paying him for his services. In showing this "willingness the  three ministers showed that they were  not faithful servants of the people of  British Columbia, who were paying them  for their services. One other member  was outspoken in his opposition to the  deals but was not always present at the  meetings' of the executive. Another  member was opposed to the deal but his  opposition was not open and pronounced.  The premier himself was probably purposely kept in the dark regarding the deal  for he knew very little about it. When  two of the ministers who favored the Canadian Pacific Railway left the government, the remaining ministers had but  one idea.and that was to save the government from defeat. The evidence clearly  shows that the attorney general and the  chief commissioner of .land and works are  not heads of then* respective departments,  in the sense that they assume all responsibility for their chief subordinates. Important government bills are introduced in  the house and no one appears to know who  drafted them or where they came from.  Lands that are supposed to be under re-  =serve=are=suddenly-fonndto be iinresenredf=  Acts passed by the legislature are interpreted by orders-in-council from memorandum prepared by railway officials.  Yet no member of the "government has  been strong enough to show his disapproval of such methods by resigning  office and giving his reasons therefore. It  is true McBride resigned in September,  1901. but it is not because he had any  fault to find with the Columbia & Western deal, which liad been arranged while  he was in the government and apparently  with his entire approval, but because a  fellow townsman had been invited to join  the government, and there was not room  in the cabinet for Richard McBride and  John O. Brown, both of New Westminster���the one a Turner conservative, the  other a Martin liberal. What British  Columbia needs is a now deal, aud the  peoplo should have the right to furnish a  new pack of cards with which to begin  the game.    '___   The inception of the Wholesaler's Association in this city is opportune and if  carried out on strictly business lines, will  be able to do a vast amount of valuable  work to the good of the community at  large. The history of the wholesale trade  at this point gives abundant evidence that  to be successful, it requires something  more than ordinary business zeal. The  early struggles of tho wholesalers iu all  the new centres would, if compiled, form  interesting and valuable reading. Any of  the firms in Winnipeg whicli started 20  years ago, could tell of tlie titanic struggles they had to endure to hold their own  against tho Eastern centres. It is historical how they influenced tlie Northern Pacific railway deal as a nieaus of emancipation from tlie thraldom of the Canadian  Pacific railvry, and oven today they have  not relaxed their efforts to confirm tho  position of their city a.s the distributing  point of the great Northwest. The city  of Spokane i.s another illustration of the  power of Eastern centres over the tranj��-  portation companies. That city h:i_ only  quite recently obtained freight privileges  which enables the jobbers to compete  with the coast, in other words it has only  recently got what it has been fighting for  for the past ten years���terminal rates���  notwithstanding that it has been a railroad centre for threo transcontinental  lines for so long a time. Nelson's position is akin to that of Winnipeg in the  early days. The Winnipeg wholesalers  are fighting for this trade even as the  Eastern wholesalers fought for their territory and we will be required to put up  the same fight. The demand made by  the coast wholesalers on the Canadian Pacific railway for a defined territory and  shipper's rates have been rejected on the  grounds that such a step would raise  strong opposition in Winnipeg and the  Kootenays. Vancouver and Victoria are  asking for territory extending to Calgary,  Edmonton and McLeod, which of course  takes in all this district. In rejecting this,  therefore, the Canadian Pacific Railway  has shown a spirit of fairness to us which  augurs well for an arrangement along the  desired lines at no very distant date.  Whakis sought by the Association is a  well defined territory which shall be considered tributary to Nelson and over  which preferential shipping rates shall  operate. The general opinion is that  this territory should extend from Revelstoke on the north, to the United States  boundary on the south, and from Fernie  on the east to Similkameen on -the west.  This is the point' which should be taken  up in dead earnest; it is waste of time and  energy trying to get terminal rates on  carload lots from the railroads'-for some  long time to come. All the same, manifest excessive through rates from the East  can, and no doubt will be agitated against  and by proper representation receive consideration and adjustment. It goes without saying that other matters will engage  the attention of this newly formed board,  such as credits, assignments, and it is to  be hoped a well defined resolution on the  question of bankruptcy. Altogether it  has useful work in front of it, and there  is no reason to doubt but that it will be  done thoroughly aud well.  NELSON CITY COUNCIL  The mayor and all the aldermen, were  present at the meeting of the city council  on Monday last.  The minutes of the last meeting were  read and adopted.  The finance committee reported that accounts to the amount of $1125.44 be paid.  2. That the suggestion of the city  clerk regarding the notice of electric light  and water rates be adopted.  ���. That before reconunending7.a grant  to the Kootenay Lake General Hospital,  we have instructed-the city clerk to secure  a statement from the hospital directors,  showing the number of city patients  treated in the hospital for the first four  months of 1903.  4. That insurance to the amount of  $3000 has been placed on the city hall  buUdmg*amr$I600.on_the furniture.  .%si  5. That the account of rent of room  used by the city band be paid only on  condition of the members of the band ^executing the bonds required by the city for  the band instruments.  Moved by alderman Bird, seconded by  alderman Selous, that the recommendations of the finance committee be adopted.  ���Carried.  The report of the fire, water and light  committee^r^ommendingtlmt the request^  of the managers of the Presbyterian  church for a reduction in electric iight  rates be granted, provided an extra switch  be placed in the building to separate the  school room and the church. The rates  to be $6 per month, this amount being  based on the rates given in bylaw No. 122  and that from May 1st to August 31st, in  elusive (four months) a rebate of twenty'  five per cent in addition to the regular,  ten per ceni be allowed on all store and office lights if payment was made before  the loth of the following month.  On motion the report was adopted.  Letters and telegrams were read by the  mayor from a New York firm of financiers  offering to deal with half tho city bonds  for the power plant. After considerable  discussion in which all the aldermen took  part, it was left with the mayor to correspond, and try and arrange a satisfactory  deal, in accordance with the views of the  council as expressed in the discussion.  The council went into committee of the  whole, alderman Irving in the chair.  Bylaw No. 127 was read clause by clause  and passed without alteration. On motion of alderman Kirkpatriek, seconded  by alderman Irving, bylaw No. 137 was  read a third time, to be finally adopted at  the next council- meeting.  The council then went into committee  of the whole, alderman Hamilton in the  chair. Bylaw No. 128, regulating the  city cemetery was read clause by clause  and passed with the exception of the  clauses below which after discussion in  which all the aldermen took part, stand  over until the next meeting of the council.  Clause 9.���Fences and railings, other  than those hereinafter mentioned, walls,  (except in tho case of a vault or a brick  grave) and hedges in and around lots are  prohibited, but cut stone or granite curb  or copings will be allowed, and when used  the same shall be laid in cement with a  foundation of ruble, stone, orconcreteand  pieces shall 1-e placed properly socketed at  all comers and joints of the coping, such  sockets to 1>; sunk at least one and one  half inches deep. The piers shall be  ��unk at I'sist --ightwn inches below the  Hurfutx nt th-; ground. A galvanized iron  railing <*r Thii'-m muy lx; erected, provided  ���such iron railing or fence be   not more  than two feet six inches in height from  the stone base," and be approved by the  mayor and cemetery committee.  Clause 10.���The holder of any lot or  lots shall keep the same graded or turfed,  and have the grass regularly mown *and  kept free from weeds.and keep in proper  repair all stones or monuments erected on  the same; such work to be done to the  satisfaction of the caretaker or cemeteiry  committee. And in order to facilitate  the keoping of lots in order, arrangements  may bo made to havo the necessary work  done at the following rates (in so far as  applicable to the work required to be  done)uuder the direction of the caretaker,  by men employed by the corporation that  is to say:  For cutting grass on lot 4x8 feet, per season..$2.50  For regularly watering same per .season 2.50  l'or sodding a grave, including loam or fixing for flowers 2.50  For top dressing n lot 4x8 feet, each ycur 2.50  For any of the above services to two or  more lots held by the same person a reduction of 25 per cent will be made in the  total amount.  Visitors shall at all times have an absolute aud preferential right to the use of  water for watering graves when visiting  the cemetery.  Clause 14.���Headstones will uot be permitted unless placed in a cut stone base  with a foundation of one or two pieces of  stone at least four feet long and to be of  the full width of the base.  Monuments or tablets not exceeding in  weight (including the base) 1400 pounds  will be permitted on a foundation of one  br two pieces of stone at least four feet  long, and to be of the full width of the  bottom of the base.      .  All posts shall be of granite or marble  and shall be placed on a foundation of  ruble, stone or concrete, and-shall be socketed by a one-half inch socket to some  stone of sufficent bulk to hold the same in  position; or posts with rough butts shall  be sunk at least eighteen inches into the  the ground.  Clause 15.���All monuments and all  parts of vaults that shall be permitted  above ground, shall be made of cut stone  (non-corrosive) granite or marble. The  foundations of monuments must be carefully laid in stone or concrete of a depth  of not less than six feet from the surface  of the ground, unless, otherwise sanctioned in wiitiug by the cemetery committee.  Clause 80.���Hedges or replanting same,  will not be permitted.  Clause 40.���The following fees shall be  charged by and paid to the secretary in  respect to the matters following:  For a license in respect to each lot in the  two rows ndjoing ftny gravel road $12.50  For a license in respect to each lot in the  other rows    5.00  Portions of lots intersected bjy_ i* gravel] road  are to be charged pro rata. fcMI���  For each (interment of a child under ten  years old    2.75  For each Interment in any row    7.50  For the interment of a child less than 7 days  old    2.50  For digging a grave more than six feet deep at  thc rate of $1.00 per foot.  The above price per lot shall apply to all lots in  the cemetery.  For re-opening anv grave for the interment  of an adult    5.00  For re-opening any grave for the interment  of a child under ten years of Jage    2.50  For rc-opening of any grave" for the interment of an adult where it is necessary  to deepen said grave  10.00  For re-opcnii.s of any gravo for thc interment of a child where it 'is necessary to  deepen said grave    7.50  For exhuming body when work of opening  and refilling of grave is undertaken by  parties applying, said work to beldone  under the supervision and^to the "satisfaction of the.caretaker.'i ."    5.00  For exhuming a body when work is not  performed by parties applying 20.00  Moved by alderman-.Selous, seconded  by alderman Bird, that the city clerk  communicate with the secretaries of the  churches and friendly societies owning  plots in the cemetery, bringing under notice the above clauses in which they are  particularly interested.  The council adjourned until Monday,  June 1st.  Hatty H. Wa*d  FIRE,  LIFE,  ACCIDENT  INSURANCE  4H#ES=_aH3-  REAL ESTATE  BAKER STREET  NELSON, B.C.  Brydges, Blakemore & Cameron. Ltd*  JReal Estate and  General J��.g&nts  JOSEPHINE ST.  NELSON, B.C.  Ffank   Fletche*  PROVINCIAL LAND SURVEYOR  Lands and Mineral Claims Surveyed  and Crown Granted  P.O. Box 583  Office: Kootenay St., Nelson  Geo. iVi. Gunn  Maker of first-class hand-made Boots and  Shoes. Repairing neatly and promptly  done. Satisfaction guaranteed in all work  Wai-d St. next new postoffice bid Nelson  JOHN  HEPBURN  BUIUDBR A1ND  CONTRACTOR  Jobbing work done   Estimates given-  SHOP RESIDENCE  Behind new postofllce       Cor. Front and Willow  NELSON  JUST ARRIVED  New Spring Goods  OF THE LATEST FASHION'S  Scotch   Tweeds,   Landslide,   Strathcona  and Belwarp Serges.   A fine lino  of Pantiugs of the latest styles  Prices to suit the times. Call and see them.  John Smailwoocf  ������-  .7ir>-  BIG HORN  BRAND  {Union  ifflade  Overalls,  SbirtV*  WE   MANUFACTURE  Shirts,  Overalls,  Denim Pants,:  Tweed Pants,  Cottonade Pants,  Junipers,  Blouses,  Engineers' Jackets,  Walters' Jackets,  Barbers' Jackets,  Gingham Jackets,  Mission Flannel  Underwear,  Cooks'  Aprons and  Caps,  Carpenters'Aprons,  Waiters' Aprons,  Painters' and Plasterers' Overalls,  Mackinaw Coats,  Mackinaw Pants,  Tarpaulins,  Dunnage Bags,  Horse'Blankets,  Tents,  Etc., Etc., Etc.  TURNER, BEETON & GO.  WHOLESALE MERCHANTS  Warehouses, Wharf Street  Factory, 1 Bastion Street  -VICTORIA,  B.C.  ������������������������^r^r^TT'-r ���  UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT  Hotel Phair  B. TOMKINS  MAN'AdKK ���  The Leading Hotel of the Kootenays  Good Sample Rooms  Special  Rates  to Commercial  Men  Corner Stanley and Victoria Streets, Nelson, B.C,  Queen's Hotel  Baker Street, Nelson. B.C.  Lighted by. Electricity 'and  Heated hy Hot Air..' .- .,. "'  Large and Comfortable Bedrooms and Flrst:  class Dining Room. Sample Rooms for Commercial Men.  RATES ?2 PER DAY  r-JT-  MRS. E. C. CLARKE, Proprietress.  Tremont House  European and American Plan  Meals 23 ets.   Rooms from 20 cts. to $1.  Only White Help Employed.  MALONE  & TREGILLUS  Baker St., Nelson Proprietors  Madden House  THOMAS MADDEN  PKOPRIETOR  Centrally Located  Electric Liglite  HEADQUARTERS FOR TOURISTS AND  OLD TIMERS  Baker and Ward Streets  Nelson, B. C.  Silver King Hotel  BAKER STREET, NELSON  UNDER  OLD  MANAGEMENT  RATES SI.00 PER DAY  The Dining Room is unsurpassed and the  Bedrooms are the best In Nelson, The Bar is  stocked with good Wines, Liquors and Cigars.  Bartlett  House  Josephine St.,  Nelson, li. C.  White Help Only Employed  '     The Best  Dollnr-a-Day House  in Nelson  The Bar is thc Finest  GEO. W. BARTLETT,  Proprietor  Kootenay Wire Works Co*  Manufacturers of Mattresses, Springs,  Pillows, Bed Lounges, Couches, Upholstering, Turning, Bandsawing, Grill  "Work and other novelties. Our No. 4  Spring is the best on the market. Ask  for it and take no other.  FRONT STREET NELSON, B. C.  Sewing Machines/Pianos  FOR RENT and POR SALE  Ward Strom  MERCHANT TAILOK I OU COtiOSity SllOp, "g^g? I'S  Okanagan Lands  -4000 ACRES  OK  CHOICE  LAND  FOR SALE, in.blocks from 10 acres to 80 acres.  Suitable for fruit growing, dairying and mixed  farming. Now open for public inspection. Only  three miles from a shipping point on the C.P.R.  Good roads all through the property and lake  frontage to many of the lots. Excellent boating  and fishing. An ideal spot for a home. A portion oi the above property will be put up for  sale at public auction on Friday, May 8th. Full  particulars, maps, etc., may be had on application to  C.   B.   L,.   LEFROY  Real Estate Agent Vernon, B. C.  CITY OP INEL-SOrV-  Notice is hereby given that the first sittings of  the Court of Revision, for the purpose of hearing  all complaints against the assessment for the  year 1903, as made by the assessor of the City of  Nelson, will be held at thc city offices, Nelson, B.  C.,- on Thursday, the llth day of June, 1903, at  two o'clock p.m. D. C. McMORRIS,   .  Nelson, B.C., May 8, 190.'*. City Clerk.  Notice of Application to Transfer Liquor License.  Notice is hereby given that I, A. K. Vaughan,  intend to apply at the next sittings of the Board  of LieensCjCommissioners for the City of Nelson  for a transfer of the liquor license now held in  my name for the premises situate on lot 10 in  block 1 of the City of Nelson, known as the Nelson Hotel, to Charles A. Barclav.  . Dated this Oth dav of Mav, 1903. -  Witness: A. K. VAUGHAN.  A. M. JOHNSON.    '  NELSON MINERS' UNION, No. 96, AV. F. Mi-  Meets every Saturday evening at 7:30  o'clock, in Miners' Union Hall, northwest  corner Baker and Stanley streets. Wage scale  for.Nelson district: Machine miners, $3.60;  hammersmen, $3.25; mine laborers, $3. J. W.  Sinclair, president; Frank Phillips, secretary.  Visiting brethern'cordially invited.  FOR SALE.  AT a genuine bargain, a 27-ft. gasoline launch,  with simplest and most reliable engine on  the market, excellent speed; also a number of  row boats and canoes. For particulars write  or come and see boats at  H. L. LINDSAY'S BOAT LIVERY,   Kaslo, B.C.  Corporation of the City of Nelson.  NOTICE.  NOTICE is hereby given that under the provisions of By-law No. 80, "Pound and Dog  Tax By-law," it is unlawful for any person to  suffer any horse, mule, bull.or cow, sheep,  goat, pig or other cattle, or poultry to run at  large within the limits of the City of Nelson.  Every owner of a dog in the City of Nelson is  required to pay annually a tax of two dollars  for each dog owned by him.  No person shall'suffer or permit his dog to  run at large in the City of Nelson for which)  such person has not paid the tax required of  him and unless such dog shall have around  his neck a collar or strap to whicn shall be attached a metalllo plate to be-supplied by the  city on payment of the said tax.  warning is hereby given that any person  guilty of an infraction or violation of any of  the provisions of the above named by-law is,  in addition to the fees and charges set forth  therein, liable upon summary conviction to a  penalty of One Hundred Dollars and the costs  -of prosecution, and in default of payment to  ���imprisonment for a term, not exceeding two  montnsr-By'Order. -��� J-"-   ' D.- C. MCMORRIS,  City Clerk.  Nelson, B.C., April 8th, 1908.  NOTICE.  Respecting Timber -Licences.  "VTOTICE is hereby given, pursuant to the provl-  ���*-���' sion of Section 50 of the? 'Land Act," tnat in  future no'special licences to cut timber on Crown  Iands will be granted or renewed until after the  applicants have had the limits surveyed by a-duly  qualified Provincial Land Surveyor to the satisfaction of the Lands and Works Department.  _ W. C. WELLS.  Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works,  Lands aiid Works Department,  Victoria, B.C., s6th March, igo>  NOTICE is hereby given that 60 days after date  I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of  Lands and Works for permission to purchase the  following described lands in South East Kootenay:  -Commencing at=a7pqst=raarkedii"Wi=;FriTeetzefs==  southeast corner," planted at D. LaBau's northwest  corner post, thence north 80 chains, thence east 8a  chains, thence south 80 chains, thence west 80 chains  to the place of beginning, containing 640 acres more  or less.  Dated the 7th day of March, 1903.  W  F. TEETZEL.  NOTICE is hereby given that 60 days after date  I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of '  Lands and Works for permission to purchase the  following described lands in South East Kootenay:  Commencing at a post marked."J. A. Skene's northeast corner, planted on thc east bank of the Flathead River, about twenty miles north of the International Boundary line, thence south 80 chains,  thence west 80 chains, thence north 80 chains, thenco  east 80 chains to the place of beginning, containing  640 acres more or less.  Dated the 7th day of March, 1903.  '������  J. A. SKENE.  NOTICE is hereby given that 60 days after date  I intend to apply to- the Chief Commissioner of  Lands and Works for permission to purchase the  following described lands in South East Kootenay:  Commencing at a post marked "D. La Bau's  northeast corner," planted on the cast bank of  Flathead River, almost 11 miles north of the  International boundary line, thence south 80 chains,  thence east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains, thence  west 80 chains to the place of beginning, containing  640 acres more or less.  Dated the 7th day of March, 1003.  D. LaBAW.  NOTICE is hereby given that 60 days after date  I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of  Lands and Works for permission to purchase tho  following described lands in South Ease Kootenay:  Commencing at a post marked "J. O. Patenaude's  southwest corner," planted at F. C. Elliott's southeast corner post, thence north 80 chains, thence  east 80 chains, thence south 80 chains, tlience west  80 chains to. the place of beginning, containing 640  acres more or less.  Dated the 7th day of March, icoi.  ���   I. O. PATENAUDE.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date  I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of  lands and works for permission to purchase the  following lands in Southeast Kootenay, described  as follows: Commencing at a post marked "F.  C. Elliott's southeast corner," planted on the  north bank of the Flathead river, about 80 miles  from the international boundary line, thence  north 80 chains; thence west 80 chains; thence  south-80 chains; thence east 80 chains to the  filace of beginning, containing 040 acres more or  ess.  Dated the 7th day of March, 1903.'  F. C. ELLIOTT.  TIMBER NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I intend to apply to the honorable the chief  commissioner of lands and works for a special  license to cut. and carry away timber from the,  following described tract of land: Commencing  at a post marked "A.R.F. S.E. Cor," and planted  near Pass creek, about four miles from Robson,  thence north 160 chains, thence west 40 chains,  tlience south ICO chains, thence east 40 chains to  point of commencement.      A. R. FINQLAND.  Dated at Robson, May 2nd, 1903.  TIMBER NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I intend to apply to the honorable the  chief commissioner of lands, and works for  a special license to cut and carry away timber  form the following described lands situate  in West Kootenay district, British Columbia.  Commencing at a post planted on the East  bank of Fyfe creek about one mile north of the  north end of Cariboo lake being J. H. Christie's  northwest corner; thence south 80 chains,  thence east 80 chains; thence north 80 chains;  thence west 80 chains to the place of beginning  and containing 640 acres.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Locator.  Dated 2nd May, 1903.  TIMBER NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I intend to apply to thc honorable the chief  commissioner of lands and works for a special  license to cut and carry away timber from the  following described land situate in West Kootenay district, British Columbia: Commencing at  a post planted on the east bank of Fyfe creek  about one mile north of the north end of Cariboo  lake, adjacent to the northwest corner of J. H.  Christie's claim; being William Klrby's northeastcorner; thence south 80 chains; tlience west  80 chains; thence north 80chains; thence east 80  chains, to thc place of beginning, and containing  640 acres. WILLIAM KIRBY, Locator.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Agent.  Dated 2nd May, 1903.:  TIMBER NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I intend to apply to the honorable chief  commissioner of lands and. works fora special  license to cut and carry away timber from the  following described land, situate in West Kootenay district, British Columbia. Commencing  at a post planted on the east bank of Fyfe creek  about two miles north of the north end of Cariboo  lake adjacent to the northwest corner of John  Fyfe's claim being Ross Thompson's southeast  corner; thence north 80 chains; thence east 80  chains; thence south 80 chains; thence west 80  chains to the place of beginning and containing  640 acres.  ROSS THOMPSON, Locator.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Agent.  Dated 2nd May, 1903.  TIMBER NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I Intend to apply to the honorable the chief  commissioner of lands and works for a special  license' to cut and carry away timber from the  following-described land situate in.West Kootenay district, British Columbia: Commencing at  a post planted on the east bank of Fyfe creek  about one mile north of the north end of Cariboo  lake, adjacent to .the northwest corner of J. H.  Christie-s claim, being John,Fyfe's southwest  corner; thence north 80 chains; thence east 80  ehains; thence south 80 chains; thence west 80  chains, to the place of beginning, and containing  640 acres. JOHN FYFE, Locator.  J. H.CHRISTIE, Agent.  Dated 2nd May, 1803.  "TIMBER NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  dato I Intend to apply to the honorable the chief  commissioner of lands and works for a ipecial  license to cut and carry away timber .from the  following described land, situate' in West Kootenay district,*British Columbia: Commencing at  a post planted ion the east bank of Fyfe-creek -  about one mile north of the north end of Cariboo  lake, adjacent to the northwest corner of J. H.  Christie's claim, being J. Fred Ritchie's southeast  corner; thence north 80 ehains; thence west 80  chains; thence south 80 chains; thence east 80  chains, to the place of beginning, and containing  640 acres. J. FRED RITCHIE, Locator.  J. H. CHRI8TIE, Agent.  Dated 2nd May, 1903..    . ' 'y   ' -   '"'       ' t*   ���   :  -    TIMBER NOTICE.      y  y    _  ��� Notice'is--hereby-gireri4nat'fth"lfty*"day8 ���ftcr"  .date I intend tq apply to the honorable chief  commissioner of lands and works fora special  license to cut and carry away timber!from the  following described land, situate In West Kootenay district, British Columbia. Commencing.'  at a post planted on the north end of Cariboo  lake being J. S. C. Fraser's northeast corner;  thence east 80 chains; thence south 80 chains;  thence west 80 chains; to the east bank of Cariboo lake; thence north 80 chains;' following the  east bank of Cariboo lake to the place of beginning and containing 640 acres more or less.  y    J.'8.* C. FRASER, Locator.  '*.-���-".��� J. H; CHRISTIE, Agent.  Dated 2nd May, 1903. -  TIMBER NOTICE. .V  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I intend to apply to the honorable the chief  commissioner of lands and works for a special  license to cut and carry away timber*from the  following described land, situate in West Kootenay district, British Columbia: Commencing at  a post planted'on the shore of lower.Cariboo lake  being 7. S. C. Fraser's southeast corner post;  thence 80 chains west; thence 80 chains north;  thence 80 chains east, to shore of lake; thence  south along shore of lake to place of beginning,  and containing 640 acres more or less.  J. S. C. FRASER, Locator.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Agent.  Dated 2nd May, 1903.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date  I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of  lands and works for permission to purchase the  following described lands in Southeast Kootenay: Commencing at a post marked "H. Sturgeon's northwest corner," planted on the east  bank of the Flatliead river, almost 21 miles from  the international boundary line, thence south  80 chains, thence east 80 chains, thence north 80  chains, thence west 80 chains to the place of  beginning, containing 640 acres more or less.  Dated the 7th day of March, 1903.  H. STURGEON.  TIMBER NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I intend to apply to the honorable chief  commissioner of lands and works for a special  license to cut and carry away timber from the  following described land, situate ln West Kootenay district, British Columbia.   Commencing  atapost planted on Rocky Bluff east side of  lower Cariboo lake being E. E- L. Dewdney's  southwest corner post; tnence 80 chains east;  thence 80. chains south; thence 80 chains west;  thence 80 chains north to place of beginning. :  E. E. L. DEWDNEY,.Locator.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Agent.  Also commencing at a post planted on the east  bank of Watchand river about half a mile from .  lake being E. E. L. Dewdney's northwest corner  post; thence 40 chains east; thence 160 chains  south; thence 40 chains west; thence 160 chains  north to place of beginning.  E.E. L. DEWDNEY, Locator.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Agent.  Dated 2nd May, 1903.  TIMBER NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I Intend to apply to the honorable the chief  commissioner of lands and works for a special  license to cut and carry away timber from the  following described land, situate in West Kootenay district; British Columbia: Commencing at  a post planted'on the east side of Fyfe creek  being J. H. Christie's southeast corner post:  thence 80 chains west; thence 80 chains north;  thence80chains east; thence 80 chainssouth to  place of beginning.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Locator.  Dated 2nd May, 1903.  TIMBER NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I intend to apply to the honorable chief  commissioner of lands and works for a speolal  license to cut and carry away timber from the  following described land, situate and being In  West Kootenay district, British Columbia. Commencing at a post planted on the east side of  upper Cariboo lake being J. Fyfe's northwest  corner post; thence 80 chains east; thence 80  chainssouth; thence 80 chains west to shore of  lake thence north along shore of lake to place of  beginning.  J. FYFE, Locator.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Agent.  Dated 2nd May, 1903.  TIMBER NOTICE.  ��� Notice is hereby given that thirty days after  date I Intend to apply to the honorable chief  commissioner of lands and works for a special  license to cut and carry away timber from thc  following described land, situate ln West Kootenay district, British Columbia. Commencing  at a post planted on the east side of Barnes creek  being W. H. G. Phipps southwest corner; thence  80 chains north; thence east 80 chains; thenco 80  chainssouth; theuce80chains west to place of  beginning.  W. H. G. PHIPPS, Locator.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Agent.  Also commencing at a post planted on the  bench cast side of Barnes creek being! W. H. G.  Phipps southwest corner; thence 80 chains north;  thence 80 chains east; thence 80 chains south;  thence 80 chains west to place of beginning.  W. H. G. PHIPPS, Locator.  J. H. CHRISTIE, Agent.  Dated 2nd May, 1W3, _a_=^_  the Nelsbn Tribune  3  ^���FSS;*.  -2*-  T/ffi DEFECTS OF MODERN EDUCATION  A CRITICISM OF EXISTING METHODS  " He who knows not and knows that he knows  not is a fool,  Shun him.  He who knows and knows not that he knows is  asleep,  Wake him.  He who knows and knows that he knows Is wise,  Follow him."  The old Persian proverb has never been  more aptly illustrated than in those magnificent schools of learning which were  the glory of ancient Greece when at the  zenith of her greatness. The splendid  possibilities of the great teachers of those  days, teachers whose names will ever be  associated with the finest systems of imparting knowledge the world haa ever  seen, have in every case been the true factor, the keynote of success in the art of  teaching. They knew���and knowing that  they knew��� they wore able to infuse into  their students that absolute confidence  which enabled them to carry their followers to heights of intellectual attainment  reached by the very very few.  No one who has given attention to the  question of education as now carried on,  can fail to have noticed, that in spite of  all   the magnificent achievements there  remains something to be desired,  something that has hardly crystallized as yet  into a  tangible  accusation against the  present methods.     The  truly  splendid  monuments reared to the cause of education and minds crammed with facts and  details, raise the question whether, after  all, the storing of the mind with a mass  of this or that study, when not balanced  hy the  poise that comes from the true  study of life, is not calculated to turn a  man into a mere intellectual machine,  valuable in so far as the mental capacity  is enlarged and retentive.   The man of  the world with short time and no great  inclination   to   investigate,*    is    asking  whether this curriclulum, a sort of alia'  podrida of study, is not after all, an indigested mass of mental effort, and of little  value in later life through not having  been inwardly- digested.   How many of  us who have a good education, can remember a fraction of what .we, were  taught?   This in.itself i_ evidence that  we were unable to assimilate it, and mental food that is not digested, is of no  greater: value'than physical food swallowed not-wisely but too" well; in" these  days of gastrionomic triumphs.   This aspect is sufficiently bad when dealing with  those of mature age, but with1 the unformed mind of a child (in too many  cases owing to .wrong dietio ideas rampant in the land today���badly nourished)  it is nothing short of criminal.  The zeal of-teachers, too often outruns  reason; more particularly is this the case*  with private schools, -where pupils who  show more than usual aptitude for learning are seized upon as good advertising  material, and crammed in a manner akin  to the wretched geese in eastern Fiance in  order to make fat livers for "Fate de foie  gras." It goes without saying that the  mind is unable to retain all this mass of  cramming longer than the examination,  after which it is like bad mortar used in  building a wall, dries and crumbles and  ��� much of the structure falls. The simile  of good assimilated knowledge can be  profitable carried to the solid Roman  walls to be seen today in England or the  Inca monuments in Peru, which it is  stated are perfect today although five  figures old.   y  There are far too many subjects attempted to be taught in the ordinary curriculum today; better far a few* well considered, studied and inwardly digested.  Much that is crammed into children of  tender years should be left till later oh in  life when the" assimilative power of the  brain is greater. Quality is what is required���not quantity. The pupil, who  many years ago was told to meditate fora  week on the meaning of the words'"I love"  emerged therefrom -with far greater mental strength, than the child who would in  these days have been studying a half  dozen subjects a day. *  One pf the defects of modern education  is the constant shifting from one snbject to  another.   It  is admitted-by those who  may have never studied the marvellous  and far reaching effects of thought power,  that concentration is the sine qua non of  success along all lines of activity.   They  who succeed in this world, in all walks of  life, are they who are able to concentrate  (whether consciously or not.)   Now in  the schools what do we find?   In place of  the attention of the-child being rivetted  on one subject for say even one day, it  has barely time to begin to be mentally  settled to subject number one when lo, like  a kaleidroscope, the scene is changed, and  another subject is engaging its attention.  The system is diametrically opposed to  the conclusions of peycology whether of tlie  Eastern or Western school,   While they  may differ in many things,- they are a  unit on the vital necessity of one pointed-  ness, as the only factor of lasting' success.  We approach'the subject now from the  broader standpoint of the Brotherhood of  Man, a subject about -which we hear so  much these days in church and lodge room  and miss so much outside. ...Without appearing unduly sentimental, and looking  at it strictly from the common-'sense as*  pect, no finer piece of logic has ever been  uttered than'the -words ascribed to St.  John, in his epistle,-chapter 4,' verse 30,  which reads as follows:  .  "If   a   man. love   not- his   brother  whom he hath, seen how can he love-God  whom he hath not seen?" -  ,   This is unanswerable from every, standpoint and is a magnificent statement.oft  the fact that this Brotherhood of* Man is  no mere' chimera   or y will-of-the-wisp  hatched.in the brain of some saint of the,  past, but a living'fact,' one of nature's  laws, to be incorporated in the daily lives'  of men; whether in the, sanctuary, or the  counting house.'The' germ of the .idea  has been well put in the short but - pithy  sentence:, "Not, be ye as brothers'; but ye'  are brothers.".,  - Now the Brotherhood -of- Man- implies  the unity of life as contrasted with sep-  arateness,-wherein the personality is ever  uppermost; it is the silver cord running  through all the religions of the world and  the corner "stone of all, secret societies.  What bearing has it. on' the' educational  system of the day? - We find in place of a  system that should inculcate this unity of  life,  one  that makes for separateness;  where the seeds of the greater brotherhood should be sown we find the tares of  rampant personality springing up and  choking them; where the strong "should  help the weak a system of competition  that stifles the gentler feelings, and applauds he who by natural endowment is  enabled to get ahead of his companion,  thereby arousing that wild spirit of indifference to the weak, and bringing in its  wake the false deduction that education  is not so much the enriching of the mind  as to pass examinations and attain to that  eminence where the shouts of the populace ring pleasingly on the ear. N  The; far reaching effect of an educational  system solely along intellectual  lines, is well illustrated in the universities of  India.   With praiseworthy zeal  neat educational centres were started in  that land, with a view  to  giving  the  youth of India educational advantages of  other lands.   As everyone knows in the  English educational system the spiritual  Bide is considered as the most vital factor,  and at every university, college or school  daily exercises of this land are enjoined���  and rightly too.     When,  however,   it  came to dealing with Indian children the  religious exercises were omitted, for it  has been the policy of Indian rule not to  interfere with the religious opinions of  the peoples.   The result of this was lamentable in the extreme, for it was driving the flower of that great country into  muddy indifference on spiritual matters,  and others into the sunless gulfs of doubt.  Without entering into a discussion on  the question of Indian religions, it is conceded in these days by the enlightened  tolerant,   that  that  country has in its  sacred books magnificent systems of philosophy, of which it has been said that a  child may wade while the greatest thinker may be drowned in his efforts to grasp  the transcendent thought embodied therein. . From  these systems of philosophy  have been evolved the outer forms of worship carried on by millions in that ��� country today -which people in the west do not  understand and are not prepared to investigate. As before stated the abandonment  of religions practises of their forefathers  by the yonth of India, consequent upon'  neglect of this phase at the educational  centres,' was driving them into a gross  materialism.' -The gurus or'priests stood  paralyzed*before the position, and it remained7 for the unbending and self denying work of a small society to redeem India from the greatest calamity that-can  befall a nation���the abandonment of ancient ideals.   As a result the attention of  younger India has been brought -back to  -the great peril, and' today thousands of  young minds which had abandoned Hinduism on the one hand- and had not accepted Christianity on the' other, have  been made to see-the priceless heritage of  these great religions.   Thousands are now  members of this society and its influence*  in drawing attention to the magnificent  philosophies embodied in all sacred works  is far beyondswhat it- will ever receive,  credit for in the west, even* though it be  considered the saviour of India by the  peoples of that land.  The illustration goes to show the vital  necessity of inculcating religious exercises  into'all educational sgstems. No country  shows the blighting effects of this neglect  more .than France today.' The present  outburst against clericalism is the harvest  *ftft&*ft��MMftft***fttt��ftA-ftft***$ft*^  ��  ���ft  ���ft  ���ft  ���ft  ft  ���ft  ���ft  8  ���ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  1  ���ft  ft  ft  ft  8  ft  ft  ft  We have purchased the entire Dover ��� stock.  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  at a greatly! reduced price from the j mortgagees and will offer lor the balance of this  month at and below wholesale cost. .. .  Here is a chance for tlie people, of Nelson to cot  Fancy 1 Bronze  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  t  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to:  i  to  to:  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to.  to  to  to  to  to  s  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  ��  _   8  #99999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999*  All at prices never before offered In the Kootenay.  Special prices on all SEWING MACHINES nnd Supplies  in order to close out this line of onr goods at once.  Out-of-town orders will receive onr very best attention.  Nelson, Rossland, Trail  Jewelers and Engravers  to  ��  to  to  to  to  ��  to  to  of seed sown in the enrly Republican clays  when religious teaching was barred from  the national schools. The rasult of this  is seen in the sad fact that atheism stalks  the land, the physique of the peoples is  being undermined by the silent ravages of  alcoholic beverages, and as a hand writing on the wall the women aro becoming  sterile. The death knell of that great  country with its glorious history has been  sounded and the dreams of Charlemagne  and Napoleon will never be realized.  The ideal education is ���where the teacher becomes more than a mere intellectual  automaton, where tho teacher by the  power of his personality draws the pupils  to him and raises them mentally to a  higher plane. Example should be everything, for it is burlesque for him to teach  that which he does not practise in his  daily life, and is undoing more than is  done in the world today both in education  and religion.  Further, less subjects should be taught,  better far a thorough knowledge of the  few things than a smattering of the many.  The plastic mind of the child would then  be permitted to extract the very essence  of the subject and assimilate in a manner  that it will remain a permanent tenant of  its mental nature.  Finally, no system of - education will  suffice, nor have weight, nor endure, that  fails to incorporate in all its teachings the  recognition of the Omniscent Life behind  the multifarious forms in'the realm of  nature, leaving modes of worship to the  various churches, emphasizing the Brotherhood of Man as a fact and--not a sentimental thought, so that when arrived at  maturity the scholar will echo and make  his own through life the sublime outburst  of the Psalmist:  "Happy is the man that findeth ^wisdom and the  Man that getteth understanding,  For the merchandise of lt is finer than the merchandise of silver and the gain thereof than  fine gold."   '  F. W. Pettit.  COMMUMCATION.  Editor Tribune.���A-paragraph in your  -Victoria correspondence of the 2nd inst  does the Provincial Mining Association a  grave injustice. It is stated that the  treasurer of the Asssociation, after having  been voted $500, voted himself a commission of 10 per cent on the funds collected.  In justice to the Association it is incumbent on me to say that when the charge  of 10 per cent was brought to the notice of  the executive committee it was disallowed.  The treasurer's resignation was subsequently accepted. The amount of tho  commission-was refunded. The sum of  $500 mentioned as having been voted the  treasurer was his salary for the year and  no part of it has been or will be paid to  him. His successor,. Mr. H. Mortimer  Lamb, has accepted an annual salary of  $360 and the services of an assistant secretary, although authorized by the convention have been dispensed with on the  score of economy. ��� Tbe only salaried officials of the Association are the secretary,  $125 and the treasurer $30 per month.  All the other officials are unpaid.  D. W, Higgins,    2nd Vice-President  cArthur Gee  cMerchant Tailor  Tremont Block  Bnker Street  CHOICE SPRING  and  SUMMER GOODS  Latest Cot  Latest Styles"  Drink  A-momms  LITHIA  WATER  Every small Bottle contains five grains  of Lithia Carbonate  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (GO) days after  date 1 intend to applv to the honorable the chief  commissioner of lands and works for the right to  purchase the following described lands, for agricultural purposes, situate in West Kootenay district, B.C. Commencing at a post planted on thc  north bank of thc Little slocan riveratitsmouth,  known as David Booth's southeast corner post,  thence west 80 chains, thence north 20 chains,  thence east 80 chains, thence south 20 chains, to  place of beginning. DAVID BOOTH,  Nelson, B.C., April 21th, 1903. Locator.  SHERIFFS SALE.  B  1  Province of British Columbia,)  Nelson, West Kootenay.  To Wit:  Y virtue ota Writ of Fieri Facias issued ont  of the Supreme Court of British Columbia  at the suit of  ELMER .1. FELT, Plaintiff,  and  PERCY DICKINSON, WARNER MILLER.  W.  E. SPIER, THE SLOCAN-KILO MINING  COMPANY, LIMITED, aud R. WILSON-  SMITH, ln his own right and as trustee for  F. L. BEIQUE, ANDREW G. BLAIR, and  WILLIAM STRACHAN, Defendants,  And to me directed against the goods and chattels of the said defendant, Percy Dickinson, I  have seized and taken in execution all the  right, title and interest of the said defendant,  Percy Dickinson, in the mineral claims known  ai and called "Slocan Chief, "Kootenay Queen,"  "Canney," "Canney Fraction," "Hudson,"  "Syndicate," "Slocan," "Cliff Fraction," "Dan-  son," "Lake Shore," "Lone I'ine," "Atlin" and  "Relief" all situate near the head waters of  Kaslo creek, and recorded in the office of  the Mining Recorder for the Ainsworth  Mining Division of the West Kootenav  District; to recover thc sum of 1028.30, and also  Interest on $624.80 at 6 per centum per annum  from the 17th day of May, 1902, until payment,  besides sheriff's poundage, officer's fees, and  all other legal incidental expenses; all of  which I shall expose for sale, or sufficient  thereof to satisfy said judgment debt and costs,  at my office next to the Court House, in the  City of Nelson, B. C, on Saturday, the :10th  day of May, 1903, at the hour of eleven o'clock  in the forenoon.  NOTE. ��� Intending purchasers will satisfy  themselves as to interest and title of the said  defendant, Percy Dickinson.  Dated at Nelson, H. <"., lfithof Mav, 100X  X P. TUCK,  Sheriff of South Kootenay.  I     ANNOUNCEMENT    f  !   -���������   ���  ���  ���  t  's Condensed I  Originators of Condensed .Mill*;���Established 1857  X  X  ���  ���  ���  PROPRIETORS OF TILE CELEBRATED  PEERLESS BRAND EAGLE BRAND  BORDER  Evaporated Cream  Condensed Milk  Having established a BRANCH FcACTORY in jCanada, are now prepared to*  supply customers throughout the trade with their brands.  ���  ���  ���  ��� ���  *  -iS\  --?'*  J*5-*4*?  SOLD BY  ALL GROCERS AND BY  A* Macdonald & Co*  Nelson -- Wholesale  The "BORDEN BRANDS" represent the highest possible standard.  Leaders for o'ber 40 years.  Retail by T. S. McPherson, Mon*isoi*S& Caldwell, ,T. A. Irving, T. J. Scanlan.  P  ROSSER'S  Second Hand Store  and   China Hall  New and Second Hand Goods of every description bought nnd sold. Cull in and look over  thc stock before sending cast for anything.  ���    Goods  Rented  Rli-st-CIasj*  Warehouse  Roi-  Stoi-njje  WESTERN  CANADIAN   EMPLOYMENT  AOKNCY  Bnker Street, West,  Next to C.P.R. Ticket Ollice  Phone 2lilA P.O. Box iiSS  REISTERER &C2  BREWERS  Ol'  LAGER BEER AND PORTER  Kootenay Coffee Co.  Dealers in  Coffee, Teas, Spices, 'Baking, Powder, and  Flavoring Extracts.  OUR  GOODS are PUre an<* selected from the best in the various   ���== lines.   In order to get the best, please buy from us  direct, and %e guarantee satisfaction.   cAddress,  Kootenay Coffee Co.  Nelson, 'B.C.  Telephone 1  P. O. Box* 182  ^^>V��^���V^���^V��A���'^���^^���^^���V��/,������^���V^^  P. Burns &Co  Wl-iolesnie   unci   "RettiM  Meat  Merchants  Put up Iii Packages lo Suit tho Trade  Brewery nnd Ollice:  Latimer Street, Nelson, 11.0.  If you want good  Bock  Beet  Call In and get a drink of  Kcistorer's best nt tho  BARTLETT HOUSE  Head  Office  unci  Cold Storage  Plant at Nelson.  liltANOH MAKKF.TS at Kaslo, Ymir, .Sandon, Silverton, I'evelstoke, New Denver, Cu.icade, Trail,  Orand Forks, 'ireenwood, Midway, Phoenix, Itosslund. Slocan City, Movie, Orunbrook,  Fertile ami Macleod.  NELSON   IlltANCI!   MA1JKKT,   Hl'lSNS   BLOCK,   BAKEK STREET  Orders by mail to any Brunch will receive prompt ami careful attention.  West Kootenay Butcher Company  Fresh and Salted Heats.   Fish and Poultry in Season.  OKDKttS ��Y   MAIL receive prompt  and  curefnl attention.  E.  O.  TRAVES, Manaeer,  K.W.C. Block,  Nelson  GELIGNITE   The strongest and best Explosive on the Market  Hamilton Powder Company  Ma nn fact u red  By the   (iEO.  (.'.  Tl'NSTALL, .lit.  District Mtir., Nelson, ll.O.  Manufacturers of  High Grade Explosives, Sporting-, Mining and Blasting Powder m  The Nelson Tribune  w  I  I  IV.  lib.  i  _ !>  The J, H- Ashdown Hardware Co., Ltd;  Importers   and  Dealers   in  Shelf  and   Heavy  HARDWARE  Tinware and  Granitewave.  Stoves and  Ranges.  BAKER  ST.  Fire Brick, Fire Clay, Portland Cement,  T-Rails, Ore Cars, Sheet Steel, Crescent,  Canton and Jessop's Drill Steel. : : : : :  INEUSOIV  Use an inferior grade of flour  when you can get the best at  the same price? Just unloaded  a car of Five Roses   -    -    $150 Per Sack  Why  J. A. IRVING & CO.  Groceries and Provisions  l_i       Houston Block, Nelson.  Wc earrv a very largo  Stock of  Thc Latest Pattern".  Carpets, Rugs,  Linoleums  Come and make your choice  Before llouue (.'leaning  SEE    OUR   GO-CARTS  AU prices.   We can suit you.  D.   McARTHUR   &   CO.  Furniture   Dealers   and   Undertakers  C* if 0     /"* Wholesale  otarkey & Co* &  Wholesale Provisions  and Fruits  R. A.. Rogers ��& Co., L,d., Winnipeg  Representing   { N. K. Fair-bank: Co.,     -     Montreal  Simcoe Canning Co.,     -     Simcoe  Office   and  Warehouse,  Josephine  Street  INelson,  B. C.  ClUI-TH-Tln    ���  ���   Ttickctt Cigar Co's  \ Monogram  01TlV_/rt._E_i   Z  ,   Union Label CigafS -( Margccrite  George E. Ttfcfcett's Cigarettes ) Karnacfc  y Only Union-Made Clifarette in Canada    /    T. OC   D*  w. j. McMillan & cp.  WHOLESALE   GROCERS  Agents for B.C. Vancouver,  B.C.  Cash  Advanced   on   Consignments  Auctioneers,  Appraisers, Valuators  General   Commission Agents  Corner of Baker nnd Josephine Street.  NELSON, B. C.  ��� NOTICE ���  \��)-��)'��)'@)'��)'��)-��)-��)  ??r. Special Sale  Will continue until the  31st of this month....  We are  offering  better bargains than  ever in                                     H  Watches      Clocks  1  Jewelry            1  Silver Novelties     1  Silver Plated Ware  1  . fSVWo are giving special values iu the     1  We have secured the  services of  R, W. RUSSELL  EXPERT  OPTICIAN  And we have the latest    appliances    for  testing Eyes, and we  solicit   your   patronage.  \��.(��).(��M<��.(��)M(��)\  LATEST   LADIES' CHATELAINE  BAGS.      B  J. J. WALKER  NELSON, B. C.  . . THE ..  LEADING  JEWELER  MORLEY & CO.  Wholesale nnd Retail  Booksellers and  Stationers  (Artists' Materials  Engineering and Mining  Books  Typewriters  cMimeographs  ^Photographic Supplies  3/Iusical Instruments  GA  WANTED.  1AKDENER, to work on shares two acres  * first-class land; has been worked for five  years; two blocks from tlie tramway line, Fair-  view.   Address P.O. Box 119, Nelson, B.C.  WANTED.  A  I.IFK INSl-I-AXCE-'ANVASSKK FOR THE  ���<-*��� Nelson District. Good inducements. Apply GEO. L>. SCOTT, Vancouver (..a  Morley &Co+ Nelson. B*C  LOCAL NEWS NOTES.  P. E. Wilsou aud family have moved to  their summer residence across the lake.  The Nortliport baseball team beat the  Nelson team last Sunday by a score of  8 to (i.  C4. Beaudct, aged 68, died at the Home  hospital yesterday. He came here from  Rossland for medical treatment.  It has been found impossible to arrange  to'sell trip tickets for Spokane on Sunday's  train owing to the interstate commerce  law.  B. D.ntiche, a professional gambler, Avas  lined $50 on Tuesday last and ordered to  leave town. The fine was paid and lie  left.  The funeral service of the late J. B.  Fox was held in the church of Mary Immaculate this morning,  Father  Althoff  "officiated.  Percy Chapman, manager for A. Macdonald & Co. -at Vancouver, is in the city.  Mr. Chapman was for some years manager of the Nelson branch.  Rev. J. H. White returned from Victoria yesterday, and will conduct tlio  services in thc Methodist chm*cli until  June Kith, when Rev. W. W. Baer takes  charge.  The Nelson employees of the Hudson's  Bay Company have received a check for  10 per cent of their salary for the past  year as a bonus. The total amount paid  in the Nelson store was nearly ��1000.  On and after the first of June the man  with a wrench, now known as the city  collector of rates, will be around. Look  out for him. It costs money to liave  water cut off���save it by calling at the  city office before May JJOfch.  Harry Wright, mining recorder, with  Mrs. Wright, returned to Nelson this  week, after a five week's trip to his old  homo in Ontario.   He was on the train  which passed through the blizzard in Montana, and saw many frozen carcasses of  steers strewn along the railway.  The plans for the new courthouse, showing the interior arrangements, were received iu Nelson yesterday.  Three boys were tip for trial on Wednesday before police magistrate Crease for  infractions of the curfew bylaw. They  were let off with a caution, as they were  the first offeuders. Future offenders will  be more severely dealt with.  The Nelson baud go to Ymir on Monday to attend the Victoria Day celebration. A large number of citizens are  accompanying them and a good time is  guaranteed. The train leaves Nelson depot at 7:20 a.m. Fare for round trip, $1.  All who can should go, and show their  good will for their Ymir neighbors.  Alex. Macdonald of Winnipeg, head of  the firm of A. Macdonald & Co., is in  Nelson looking after his business interests  in this district. Mr. Macdonald says the  freight situation in Winnipeg gets worse  instead of better. They still want more  and .better railway facilities. Mr. Macdonald has some new7 and original ideas  as to the settlement of the lead question,  and states them with great clearness, but  the people of this district have made up  their minds that a tariff" on lead is the  only proper remedy for the present state  of affairs, and sooner or later the Dominion government will be of the same opinion. -���.-..  QUEEN MINE BONDED.  Finch & Campbell of Spokane have  bonded the Queen mine, which is situated  near the Yellowstone, about eight miles  from Salmo, for $50,000. Thc owners  wero J. A. Turner, William Waldie, and  M. Scully. .The papers wore signed on  Wednesday and calls for the payment of  $3000 on July 1st and $47,000 on January  1st, 1904. This property is free milling  gold and has all the earmarks of a valuable mine. The ore shipped so far has  paid for all the development work  done. The mine is to be developed as  rapidly as possible and a force of men  under J. Bell went out from Nelson on  Wednesday to commence work. Three  shifts will be employed. When worked  last the ore from the Queen was crushed  at the Yellowstone mill. It is expected,  however, that if the results of the present work is satisfactory a new mill will  be erected for the Queen.  PROVINCIAL MINING ASSOCIATION  The Nelson branch of the Provincial  Mining "Association held a meeting on  Tuesday last in the Board of Trade rooms.  S. S. Taylor presided and J. K. Strachan  acted as secrotaiy. A report was read  showing names of members. It* was decided to defer the election of officers. The  following committee was appointed to  draft a constitution, Messrs.  Croasdaile,  Campbell, Starkey, Hannington and Jas.  Johnstone. There was a discussion as to  whether the committee should be composed principally of miniugmen, or should  be arranged similarly, to the executive  committee, equal numbers of mining,  smelting, business and others interested  in the industry. It was decided that the  committee should be on the same lines as  that of the executive committee. The  chairman drew attention to a petition to  the provincial parliament which the executive committee wero circulating, asking  for certain amendments to the mining act.  The petition asked for the favorable consideration of these amendments during  the present session. ..About twenty signed  the petition in the room, and a committee  was appointed to get as many citizens as  possible to sign it. D. W. Higgins, ex-  speaker of the provincial legislature, and  second vice-president of the mining association, was asked to address the meeting.  He gave a brief description of the work of  the executive at Victoria, and complained  of opposition of certain-members of the  mining committee which had prevented  them getting tho legislation desired. The  constitution committee are to meet on  Tuesday next, and the meeting for the  election of officers is to bo called later, by  the prosident.  MINING NOTES.  ^***********************_%*****A*A***4t  John Linblad Went to Ymir with a gang  of men on Wednesday to work on the Elsie mine. .'-'-...-.  Paul Victor Loth of. Cincinnati, Ohio,  is at Ymir inspecting the Union Jack  group,-on Porcupine creek, owned by the  Active Gold Mining Co., of which he is  secretary.  Alf. Olson, who has been doing considerable work on the Gold Hill, on Forty-  Nine creek, was in town this week. He  is taking out good ore and will shortly  make a shipment to thc Hall Mines Smelter which will run from $70 to $100 in  gold. Regular shipments will be made in  the future.  ��� The White Bear company of Rossland,  has made a proposal to the Canadian Ore  Concentration Company, controlling the  Elmore oil process, for the installation of  100-ton plant, which has been accepted  and the erection of the necessary buildings will be begun shortly.  Work was commenced on Friday onthe  foundations of the LeRoi No. 2 mill at  Rossland.. The site, which is just alongside the Annie dump, is yery convenient  and the whole process of concentration���  Corporation of the. City of Nelson.  Final Notice.  Notice is herebv given that all arrears of electric  light rales, and a"lso current quarter and arrears  of water rates, must be paid at the city offices on  or beforo noon on Saturday, May 30,1903, or the  service will be discontinued without further  notice, and Immediate proceedings-taken for collection. By order, .,. 1>. C. ^IcMORRIS,  ' Nelson, May 22,1903. , City Clerk.  Children's  White and Colored Dresses.  FRED IRVINE & CO.  Ladies' French  Wash .  Kid (floves.  <i\  j�� , Dry Goods, Men's Furnishings, iVliHi -  Kflfl^��ll w-M_c____a____________________a_______4N___________________i_____^  *   nery, Cafpejs and House Furnishings^  *���?  .�����?  ��-?  <K  �����  ��  ��  ��?  ��  ����  4?  4?  4?  4<?  4?  4?  4.  4?  49  4?  4?  4?  4?  4?  4?  .4?  49  49  .49  49  49  49*  49  49  49  49  49  49  49  49  49  Cash Prices  FOR ONE WEEK  3 lbs. Ram Lai's 60c. Tea..-- $1.00  3 lbs. Monsoon 60c. Tea------   1.00  3 lbs. Blue Ribbon 60c. Tea..   1.00  4 cans Gallon Rhubarb    1.00  12 cans 3-lb. tins Rhubarb...   1.00  13 cans Smoked Salmon......   1.00  6 cans Strawberries-.. ....   1.00  6 cans Raspberries-. ��� ____'_. 1.00  6 cans Peaches -----. .    1.00  6 cans Pears- - - -     1.00  10 lbs. Jam or Jelly...'......._' 1.00  12 cans Assorted Spices ���   1.00  J. A. Kirkpatriek & Co.  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  LIMITED  Aberdeen Block  P.O. Box 577  NELSON, B. C.  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  which by the way is the Elmore oil process���cau he carried out by gravity and.  thus savo much handling of the ore. Tho  machinery arrived in Montreal some time  ago but has been held there owing to the  strike.         ,_   GENERAL NEWS.  . Mr. Justice Martin's important work on  British Columbia mining ,laws was issued  in Toronto last week.  Arthur Shrewsbury, who played with  Notts county, one of the best- known  cricketers in England, committed suicide  at Gedling near Nottingham.  ' Heavy snow storms raged in Montana  on ��� Saturday, Sunday and Monday last.  Three herders at least were frozen to  death. The loss in cattle and sheep is estimated to be at least $5,000,000.  The mining town of Little Bay, Newfoundland, has been destroyed by fire.  Three.churches, the 'mining^ company's  stores, the government buildings and forty-  houses were destroyed. Two hundredand  fifty people^yere rendered homeless. .  "A Duluth aud Minneapolis "syifdicat'e,  ���with some influential Canadians, have  bought almost the entire remaining land  belonging to the Canadian -Northern railway, under their land grant, in Manitoba  and the ��� territories. They will bring [a  large number of settlers in a short time. _  The full report of W. A. Galliher's  speech in the Dominion house on the lead  question "is good'reading. He had-evidently studied his subject thoroughly and  his remarks must have earned conviction  even to members on his own side of the  house. More support should have been  given lii-in by the other members from  British Columbia.  Gait Coal  And  Wood o* All Kinds  Terms Spot Cash  W. P. TieRNRY  Telephone 205 linker Street  Spring Medicine  Our Compound Extract  of  Is now complete in every Department, consisting ��of a Magnificent Assortment.  Ladies' White and Colored  Blouses  and Shirt Waists, each from 75c. up  Ladies'-Silk Waists  $3.50  Ladies' Linen and Lawn Skirts  1-50  Ladies' Rainy-Day and Dress Skirts 2.00  Ladies' Tailor-Made Suits   Ladies' Silk Monte Carlo Coats   Ladies' Silk Dress Skirts  18.00  Ladies' Silk Underskirts   5.00  Ladies' and Children's White Wear.  Ladies' White Underskirts  75c. up  Ladies' White Corset Covers  25c. up  Ladies' White Muslin Nightgowns 75c. up  Ladies' White Muslin Drawers  25c. up  Children's White and Colored Dresses.  Men's White and Colored Shirts.  Men's Balbriggan Shirts and Drawers    50c.  Men's Natural Wool Summer Shirts  and Drawers ���.:   41 Fresh Jam  Men's White Night Shirts.........; .-,75c.  Latest Styles in Collars and Cuffs.  Scarfs, Ties and Neckwear.  MILLINERY.  Ladies' Straw Sailor Hats, each .---'  Ladies' Ready-to-Wear and Pattern Hats  in the latest styles, and Novelties .from  some of the leading designers.      v*  = Dress Goods in all the latest Materials and Shades  jj\    Summer Lawns, Muslins, Dimities, Organdies, Batistes, Linens, Ginghams at all prices and qualities  is  is  is  m  Carpets, Linoleums, Oil Cloths, Rugs, Blinds, Curtains, Portieres, Etc.  AT PRICES AWAY DOWN.  *: All Carpets and  Oil Cloths! Made  and Laid FREE  OF CHARGE.  FRED IRVINE & GO.  ' ^���^���>g'>g->g-^>g*>g'^'^-^>g'>g'>g,^'^,^,-*fi'"*_ri  ^ X- ���^^������-^������^������'^������-^������^������^���������^������^������-^���������^������-^���-'^������-^������-^������'''fc-'^l  Sarsaparilla  Oilcans out the System, tones' up tho Digestive  Organs, makes a. Good Appetite, regulates the  Bowels, and is wonderfully beneficial ln all rundown conditions.  LARGE BOMTLES (regular *1 size) each   7��c  SIX BOTTLES for $4.00  Canada Drag and Book Co's: Stores  Take Advantage  Of This Offer  54b Tin  of  for  50 Cents  See' Our Window.  Morrison & Caldwell  Sole Agents  tor  Butterick  Patterns.  ^������^^������^-������������^���������'���������������������������,  ���NOTICE-  Notice Is hereby given that sixty (60) days after  date I intend to apply to the honorable the chief  commissioner of lands and works for the right to  purchase the following described lands for agri-  'cultural purposes, situate in \\est Kootenay district B.C. Commencing at a post planted on the  west bank of the Slocan river, 20 cnains more or  less north of the Little Slocan river at or-near its  mouth, known as T. M. Ward's soutliennt corner  post, thence west 80 chains, thence north 20  chains, thence cast 80 chains, thence south 20  chains to place of beginning.  Nelson, B.C., T. M. WARD, Locator.  .   April 24th,; 1003., DAVID BOOTH, Aeent.  We are showing the most beautiful assortment;  of Newest Millinery; Styles evey exhibited in the  vicinity. ' . .   .  The Latest Styles in Trimmed and  Ready-to-Wear Hats  For Women, Misses and Children. We exhibit  Millinery that is correct in Style and appropriate  for Spring and Summer wear, at  The Lowest Prices ever Quoted  in this vicinity  Actually 50 per cent lower than you can buy elsewhere. Call and see us���you will be cordially  'welcome. You will undoubtedly see something  to please you at A VERY LOW PRICE.  THE ENFIELD CO.  COSTUMERS AND MILLINERS  Baker Street, next door to tho Hudson Bay Stores

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