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The Nelson Tribune 1903-01-03

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 ~9*~ -ry* 00*-f  ������-���*���"      ***#  ���**������   . ^Hv,*I^^^^^*^_ssgi'_*f_sa_B3a  i._, /j-    i*^* ��� ���,��    t.*�� i"S2&i!r*S<s  tribune  ���tf   T��V_  Saturday Morning, January 5, 1903  -* -"** **��  - -* .��? L  *_ >'''-*<���  _  �� >-i'*i**,_  IITISH COLUMBIA MINES YIELDED VALUES APPROXIMATELY $ 18,000,000 IN  GENERAL CONDITION OF THE MINING INDUSTRY IS AS GOOD AS AT THE CLOSE OF A1  ���__.-*.  -��.������ ��**S  ,. P_ES_T|  ����������� V- =v.-. _^rs����C_*ri  i,G-_'--  Taking the business of mining as a  !i whole and embracing the entire prov-  f ince, it must be admitted the year 1902  was not quite up to 1901 in value of  output* but in other respects there was  some improvement. The fall in the price  . if metals, made a difference of nearly a  million dollars in the aggregate of the  values;;an_d-as $600,000 of this loss fell  on thej:owners of the low-grade gold-  copper7 mines at Rosslan-1 and in the  BbuhdiBry.Vdistrict, the non-payment of  re^larS��divji*lends by the mining com-  panies7ppe.ating in these two camps is  expi^nedlvlfiThe drop in silver amounted  tp;*seyen7cents an ounce":-and the fall in  the price'of lead to a third of a cent a  potind, and the total of the two made  so much difference that one of the largest silver-lead mines in Kootenay did  not ship a ton or ore during the year,  and others curtailed their output.  Whilst the gold-copper mines of Ross-  pland  and the Boundary did  not make  much of a showing in the way of paying  .dividends, they are all in much better  Ishape physically and financially than at  this  time last year. , "On January  1st,  1902, the Le Roi, mine* at Rossland was  not only in debt hundreds of thousands  or dollars, but had "just settled a strike  forced on it by a bull-headed manager.  During  the   year   the   earnings   of   Ihe  mine have wiped out the debt without  reducing the ore reserves in sight, and  Ithe manager did this without having any  'friction with the men who did the work.  In  the Boundary district, there was a  marked increase in output and in smelting    facilities.    The    capacity   cf   the  -smelters was doubled, and there was no  , difficulty    from  a shortage of  ore   in  keeping the increased "capacity at work.  While   neither    the    Granby   nor   the  Mother Lode companies paid dividends,  both  made enough    money  to  pay off  outstanding debts and pay for impro\ed  facilities foi-shandling their output.  So it can be fairly said that, there was  an improvement during 1902 "over 1901  In both the Rossland and Boundary  camps.J  In the Slocan district the total  tonnage mined was about the same as in  1901, and while a market was found for  zinc ore at the close of the year, "yet on  |t the whole the year's operations were not.  satisfactory,  and  the outlook  for  1903  ��� Is hot such as to make men cheerful.  Of course, a hope is held "out that improvement  may  he   brought   about ���by  1-JDominJon .legislation; 4>u��, even Jl^lis  desired legislation is' secured,  the year  will'be well advanced before any of the  good results can be felt.  Mining in (he camps in southeast'  Kootenay is almost at a standstill, except at Kimberley, where (he North  Star is being operated. In Northeast  Kootenay. there was about the same  improvement as in 1901; but as none of  the mines are beyond the prospect stage,  the total of the shipments was-small.  The Lardo and Trout Lake districts  made distinct gains during, the year.  The ores are high grade, and several of  the mines' are in shape to make regular  shipments.  Nelson district did not make near as  good a showing in 1902 as was made in  1901. While few of the mines that were  worked in 1901 ceased operations alto  gether in 1902, operations in several  were greatly curtailed. The Silver King  mine, near Nelson, was leased, and is  now being worked by a dozen men, as  against over 100 at work this time last  year. The Yellowstone suspended operations altogether. But the outlook for 1903  is promising. The Ymir is now in very  good shape, and other mines in tbe Ymir  district are in a position to ship ore.  The mines iu the Arlington group, near  Erie, are doing fairly well; and the  Venus-Athabasca and Poorman-Granite  mines near. Nelson are both working  good-sized   forces.  In Yale district, outside of the Boundary camps, while no marked improvement was made; and none need be expected until transportation facilities are  provided, the Cariboo mine at Gamp'McKinney paid regular dividends. In  Cariboo district there was a falling off  in production,, but no decline in development work. In Cassiar "district, conditions were much the same as in Cariboo.  On Vancouver . Island, two smelters  were erected during the year, and while  one has closed down because of litigation  over a mine with which it had; an ore  contract", metal- mining may now he said  to be an industry on Vancouver Island.  To sum up: ' Rqssland, Boundary, Lardeau, Trout Lake, and Vanc^ir'er Island  have made progress; Northrr.f.t Koot-  onay, Yale, Cariboo, and Cusf.iar have  not. retrograded: Slccan _a-s hardly held  its own: Southeast Kootenay and Nelson  have  declined.'..      -        .   ,* ���  The total value of the "metals mined  In'British Columbia in 1902 will he in.  tho neighborhood of $12,000,000, to which'  ?6,000,000 can ber added as the value of  he output of the coal mines. This ex-  :eeds the value of the" output of the  ,nines of such miniiif*;*states and "territories as Idaho, Washington, Oregon,  Vevada, Arizona, New'Mexico, and pos-  *,ibly Utah. . ..,  T,he future possibilities cf British Columbia " may be estimated by/the* great  mimber^of mines that ship ore as compared with' the number so shipping in.  *)ther .countries. In*the, Slocan,. 54 different .mines shipped ore .in 1902;" Ross-  !and had 12 "shippers; 'the Boundary1  camps, 15; Northeast- Kootenay, S;  Southeast Kootenay,. 3;, Nelson district,  12; Lardeau-Troiit Lake districts, S; and  the reniainder of the" province, say-20.  This estimate does not. include placer  and hydraulic mines. These mines are  scattered., over., -a large���area/t^irAiclr -of  which remains unprospected.7 ���'-"*" "   -  corder's   office   Bills of sale, and options  107  26a.  VITAL STATISTICS.  Marriages       82  Deaths   ....���  ��...   155  Births   _.     128  The returns of births and deaths, how-  over, are most misleading as to the  actual condition of things. With the  births there is no penalty for ���non-registration, and as a consequence, not  much,more than a third are recorded.  From' the doctors' books the number of  births for the year totaled over 250.  With regard to the number of deaths  recorded, the fact that Nelson.is the  medical and hospital headquarters for  tlie railway and steamship employees of  the lines running out of here, for the  section men and other laborers along the  same lines, and for a large number  of mines, must-be taken into consideration. The death rate of Nelson city  proper is really far from excessive.  CRIME AND CRIMINALS.  As far as legal -business is concerned;  the record of criminal cases is light,  while the number-of .civil suits was well  up to the average; though ho returns of  the latter have yet been prepared. The  criminal cases tried at the Nelson court  house dtiring the year were:  Assizes         8  Speedy trials    28  The trials- included one for murder.  At the provincial jail the total number  of prisoners received was 130. The disposal of these during the twelve months  was:  Discharged at end* of sentence     97  Discharged after "trial by supreme  court  . -      5  Discharged after trial    by    county  court  "      7  Discharged after trial by provincial  police   court   ..'.     11  Discharged on payment of fine      7-  Transferred   io  penitentiary   ..-       3  Transferred to lunatic asylum        2  Average number    of    pusoners  in  confinement for year 28%  MORTGAGES AND TRANSFERS  At the registry offlce of the Kootenay  land registration distnct the books show  (hat there have been registered during  the past twelve months  Land transfers  ... . . .      1003  Mortgages and charges against land   471  Mortgages discharged        .      ...    168  July . ...  August ...  September  October ..  November  2,592 14  2,627 47  2,846*56  2,767'57  ;2,435*"73  December "3,334 93  INLAND REVENUE RETURNS  The total collection** at Nelson of the  Inland Revenue department for the .ear  of 1902, up till Decembei 30th, amounted  to $35,361.68. The detailed statement,  showing the amount of the collections  each month, was compiled by F W.  Swannell, collector for Nelson .  January     .    �� 3,562 94  February        SAS&QS  March  .    3,063 49  April ��� 3,069 11  May        2,802 73  June   2,790 96  "From the records at the provincial  government offices the following statistics were gathered: \  MINING RECORDS.'  ��� In the gold commissioner's department, which includes Nelsbn, Goat  River and Arrow Lake mining divisions  there were 154 certificates of improvements on mineral claims granted, and  149 applications for crown grants pn the  same received.  The   transactions   in   the  mining  recorder's  office  included  the, following:  Locations    .'     42C  Certificates of work      914  Certificates   of  improvement    (recorded   at   Nelson    mining    re-  Total   f..$35,361 68'  CUSTpMS RETURNS. ""**r ���*-  The following*" is a detailed statement  of the collections at the Nelson customs  house forv the twelve months ending  December 30th, 1902. It will be noticed  that the earlier"*, months of ..the-year  show much greater returns than the following months Thisjs explained by the  fact that during* the first part of-the  year the importation of mining"machln_  eiy and other supplies is much greater^  than duiing the late, period." ^The^flrst  si\~months' business of ,1902*.was-rcon-  sidcrably oin excess of ^ the lastr six  months of 190K     /    ~  - -     ;-  Januarys   *'   February -.  Marcjv   ���  April  May    . ..  June  July ���   - A  August"  September^  October,  November .T.  ^Decembei  -r  .% 21,750 92"  .    13,058 40  :.  14,609,22  ��� 21,417.71,  .    30,303;69y  .V16-.542 14-  . -"19,767,81  . -^5,087' 31''  ." _-11.432;97  -  ;il.485 66  .  ;��9,492 55  .���^10,319 39  ���y  v: J195.207477  'r-&JSM$t'tx.  A- SUGGESTION,^  JTqtal  Y"  NELSON AND  fTS  PASTOR.  REV.   MR.  WIIlfE  To ��the"Editor of'The  , Tribune, ��� ~Sir ^.Mine..  owners   , complainv"?th"atj;  the" rate 'of taxation^onj  mines *>_s too^ high,*rtcon-"  LsidenngJ 'the 'difficulties  I" under winch the industry."  ��tbf quartZj'mining'labo.rs^  I^They,- contend',*- that-=,thej  I UaVshould^e/ot^ttiejnety  ���'profits, and*not&,as,_ittIs,  at present, on the"-value-  of the oie-'at* the mine.,  '/Taxing net  profits  ls*af  ' method  that  permits^of;  too muchMatitude C-Tlie*  L owner^ that_. makes ^an.  j \lionest|i eturnlwlll .pay^a,  I fairv'8hafei'ofHtaxatlon-t  i-while^tt^ownw^t-FV  |*makes   a/dis^onest'Te^  -turn will escape taxation*  altogether.'   Instead'of a  tax oiv net "profits, deductions  foi   mining'* might  be   allowed,    as,, deductions    fo:     fi eight    and  treatment   aie��� now^ allowed    The cost df{ mining      low-grade^ �����? ore_r_-  which ai e foundfin large?  bodies, is less than~"that'  of    m'mng     high-grade  cies,  which "are usually  found   in   narrow, veins.  Suppo&e ,a_ deduction  of  ?1 50 a Hon was allowed"  for   mining  ores^'valued  at  $7 50  a   ton or ,less;  ?2 25 a ton for ores "between $7 50    and   $15 00  in,, value; * $3.00 *as ton ,**for\ 6re�� ^  between /$15.00f and $25.00 in * value; 7^'j^^��  $4.00 a ton* for-6resubetween-$2B.00-and^:'^^  '$50.00 'in_value;�� and, $5.00ra*j ton^for aU^ukpip8  fores overr$50,00 in-value} The low-grad��^^S  gold-copper ores of-the'JSoundary campsj|>;��|4p  .are*-mlned_for about $1.50 'a^ton on^tbef-       "^  average;"tiu_ ores'of^RosslandXanaiNel-w^i .-.___���  son^dlstricts cost mdre��to mine^butv?the^.^^|  ores car*Tr__\igher values than'th^ore^^^^'^l  of the Boundary  ing would "not be an unfair." allowance.  Were these deductions made^andthe taxKSe  maintained-at"2 ,per_ cent, ,mine"c%nerst^^-��fi2  would have. no. cause*' for^compIainfrTg,^^^*^^  'and** the-nrovInce^-.woiil<-l. Ktllli-rtorlvt��3es  . ReyeIstoke/-J3<31-sO902^ ^_^.  1   ^ -CHARGES^NOT.SUSTAI^ED^^^^^a  ������. Atf-the 'regular''meetin'g-fot^tbe^citj^^S  chief^ot the*flre departmenejlOnfmotionl  the,charges^against"',thV^Sjef3w^r^bra-^  ered*to:be'heard at* a'special.i-ieeting?6t2  'the; council,,^ be-Held-|on*Priaay"aftef^  inoon ��at^2 307o'wclock.V Atf-ha* nimefal-|  itb.e*faldermen��,were'i- present-, bes'ides^tlfe^ .���_^  mayor; .Hhejrcity^clejk.^the^suspeffde^dlTi^a^  chief and* his attorney,-R> SM-ennie* anfajg^-feS.  about.two^dozem-spectators.-sCThe'mayoV^'^^  jwanted^the couricilito resolve-jitself^intai^-if*.^  ^Di  said^nay. >The mayor was. thereforejbom-j-*J  oelledito, preside.-'' HejhatL threeiwjlttSi1!^  fcharges,^ and-fthe, flm^two^e^^IsTJ  mi^sed.v afterl being*iheard^by^alTOte^df**  4 \to. 2,;7aldermen-Sel6usSaridfiI_amilfonl  *-*,_.    ^ ��   >'__ * *"���*    ^ .�� ******.>��� *Stm*'*F*'"*'____*"r5<','*r^B5  votIng4nythe^negatly^m!rhe8e*t^faldjl  ttie^i^chOTife.^&^eardH^nd'^tlw^J  ,i6Yed<dbwl^^5lto>l4alaermaffi  ,alone?votiitg^nay-^/Alderinanj^ScanlaA^  mqved-that\aftthe*cl^geR|priefefi'edFby^^  thenma^orih��d^no^^eeh5sustainedMhat^?  'the'_Mspendo_S^ieMbe^einBtatpd**jjjndf*"  ahatf the vcity^lef kjphotwafipresentyol  nmify*mm^j��wAtingfcfiis>'liaa*sS  frbWn;done^p|to"the"time|w-re^b^l*ry|  _���__  *    ���&  +    ���rt����tjij  t^nf-T  ^     ,*���-*�� *^'t*,&,_.*r__!_- <t*#^ *i-w��  trfgfflce^clos^|yesterday.^and|it^wa^^  -r-u��oi_iia_^_ui_.y_ji��ijc.;^j^.!-iuo,-yiv^^i^^^iiyiii  wil^f-prbbabl>^d6Tas���*?he^wasiIn������?^^^  5d td^byahe*city'tcouncIl^ahrrasJ^��^if  *.hetmayor has no'authopity'tb,suro_m aily>v*iSffV^|  ��lismlss,'anyscity'/offlciaI'*c h'e ,wiIH prob-^t^iS^I  ably not make1 an ass of^himself.^He'S  "'siispended'the'.chief, which "was hjs_*un-  loubted right. ^He leported the suspension to the council^as^thejlaw/dlrec-s.^  s _ndc the council by a vote/of \ilto-2fdld  ^aot  believe    the^mayoi   had~jadyancett  .hey dnected that Thomas w:rLillie"be^^^?  .einstated as .chief of the flre^depatt-,X-^%^  -neat. The will of the,council*must^be-^g^g.?  respected,' even thougn "mayor-Fletcher^-^&s^  *tnay not like it.f _-   3 X~%j^^tr_&^  -The people generally, Jook. upon;thoj^g#SfJip  mayor's action in the matter "as a. plece"-**^^#s2'e  ot spite work, done'raore^ for^pdlUical-ik<  effect than anything else -i ",*   *3 f"^;.^  A LAND IN WHICH THERE ARE NO WRITTEN  mayor's action in the matter "as a nlece'^"^^  Do you romembf-r the sort of life yon*  read about in your childhood ��s bein*. tho  life of the world's Infancy; thu - period of  Jacob's coat of many colors, of Abraham  and his flocks nnd herds? Thnt life precisely, unchanged in nny smallest particular, Is being" lived from day to day  throughout- Morocco, within sight of  twentieth century Europe. You remember  the Bible story of the sacrifice of Abraham's sheep, the narrowly escaped sacrifice of his beloved son. The. day. of'that,  miracle Js annually commemorated;  throughout, Morocco, and every respectable  householder sacrificed, his sheep In circumstances and surrounding which nre  absolutely those of the Old Testament.'  In ono direction it is possible that the  subjects of Mulai Abd el Aziz IV. of Morocco have gone beyond any.'polnt reached  by the Canaanlles; they ; know , more of  tyranny, corruption and oppression in the  administration of their beautiful land.  AVhat we westerners call corruption is  the fiber of every root and branch of the  absolute despotism which rules Morocco.  From his youthful Shareeftan majesty under the royal parasol- to the meanest city  gate beggar in all sunset land every man  buys place, sells honor' and, according to  European notion;- cheats over- every bargain. '���;"'-. '������'.;.���; . .'��� .":'-.      *  At this moment there lives a Moor nanied  Hadj   Abd   el   Kareem,   known   intimately  to the present writer, whose father was a  boughten slave;- and.who ..himself Js.. now ,a..  peddler iof   waterllri-^^^v-^arket^place^;  Abd el Kareem had7once -held!: one ;Of".the'"  highest official positions in the  land,..arid;  twiceTie''Vfc_--oct3ii:'"-,titfe;'Hpnpi*e(l, feared and-:  wealthy   governor!-of;;.:a' large   province..^  Once he  has been  bastinadoed  within  ah  inch   of   his   life   Che   stood   SOO   strokes),  twice, he   has  languished   for  a  period  of  several  years   in   dark  and   fetid   country  dungeons, and twice he has been submitted  to torture in order that a confession might  be wrung from him of the whereabouts of  his   secreted   treasure;   on   the   first   occasion  his  right  eye  was  destroyed  by the  lid being pierced with a fish hook suspended from a beam at such a height that the  unfortunate man had to stand on his toes  to avoid  the  dragging out  of  the  eyelid,  nnd on the second occasion he lost'hls right  hand by having It split open and balled  up with sand ln a strip of bullock's hide.  Understand this man has never been  charged with any offence against the laws  of - tho'land; he has never been tried in  any court; and even as he'has been ruined  by those given power over him, so has he  himself ruined many over whom he was  given power. And in Morocco this man's  career Is not considered at all remarkable.  nounced. Such a method would never answer, for tho duration of any prisoner's  confinement depends entirely upon the  lergth of time taken by his friends in  scraping together a bribe which shall satisfy the responsible ofll.lnl. And this,  whether the crime be the most dastardly  kind of murder or the merest bagatelle,  or nothing at all beyond the misfortune of  being judged a prospering man with a nest  In this one nominally independent strip j egg worth plundering.  of the dark continent all official positions  of every sort and rank nre obtained <iulto  openly by purchase. To purchase the governorship of a given province means to  acquire the right of extorting from the  people of that province every farthing that  can be ground out of them, by fair means  by force, or by such foul methods as torture or .starvation.- Out of this a certain  annual tribute miist be sent to ills Sharee-  flan majesty, lord' of all the faithful,  maker and breaker of all officials. In the  same way, to be a guard or policeman  (the word, in use is assaseen, from which,  naturally;1'.we derive our assassin) implies,  not the''holding of a post bringing ina  salary - of so much a month, but merely  that on^ is a licensed extortioner ahd  rogue, within the limits of petty larceny.  As," for example, the pasha of a town  sends two of his as^feasssen to arrest a certain citizen'Who is ������suspected, of the crime  of .-possessing'-secreted, savings; Those  assasseen ,m.iy,: not'.'; attempt to force his.  treasure from the .'Citizen for themselves.  That is. meat for their master. But usage-  says they may and will extort what they  can from the man���a handful of silver,  sayv-wlth threats of rough treatment or  promise of fover. That is their business,  and its rewards are understood to be their  sole source of income.  Habeas corpus, is of course, unknown  in Al Mogreb. A judge's dictum usually  runs in this wise, "Take him to the  prison," or "Let him be beaten." In the  latter case the matter is put in hand  forthwith, while the judge takes snuff and  turns upon his cushions, a slightly bored  spectator,, his nod sufficient to decide  whether the culprit should be merely  bruised, maimed, half .killed, or actually  done to death. A deliberate sentence,  in which a period of months or years of  Imprisonment    is  named,    1b    never  pro-  While in prison���nnd you will bear in  mind thnt the best and worst of men aro  equally unable to avoid thu risk of Imprisonment at any time���a man Is nivon  nothing whatever hy tht- authorities. It  Is something If tliey can bo Induced to  supply as much as a piece of bread per  day. if. on the other hand, n prisoner  should prove to be absolutely friendless  (a slate of things fortunately rare among  all primitive people), the authorities allow him one bran loaf, the shape and size  of an English bath bun,- each day. And  that is all. For water, Moorish prisoners  depend upon the doorkeeper of their  prison, who usually supplies two skinsful  per diem paid out of the pennies taken  from incoming and outgoing prisoners. The  doorkeeper, being an official, is unpaid,  and. pays, in presents to the official next  above him, for the privilege of making  just as he can by extortion. He appoints  one prisoner as kaid or captain of the  .whole, number confined; This again is a  license to rob and oppress, In return for  which' the prisoner kaid pays daily tribute  to the doorkeeper. He keeps order among  his fellows, distributes water, metes out  corporal punishment, and extorts tribute  in money, food, tobacco, and the like from  every prisoner possessed of friends to bring  him these things. The prison itself is a  noisome and fetid dungeon of recking  stonework, open to public inspection  through a loophole at which the doorkeeper  sits at the receipt of bribes. Tlie prisoners, sick and whole, mad and sane, melancholy and savage, halt, blind, maimed,  silent and noisy, all are herded together  like swine in old, dim and filthy apartment  ���a terrible gathering.  They may smoke���when they have anything to smoke. They may talk, fight,  sing, play, or sleep, when and how they  choose.   They are, many of them, philoso  phers, nnd all of them fatalists, and all  Moors are generous. Hence even friendless prisoners take a long while to die.  Capital punishment Is . practically unknown; but a' man takes his chances of  death In ninny forms; under torture, starvation, and the like. In eases of rebellion  the government pays ns much ns four pes-  tns (say, half a crown) apiece for the  head of rebels, which are used, when  pickled, to adorn the gates of Ihe capital  cities; have been so used this year, and  will be so used next year. If tlie Moorish  govern men t survives so long.  Generally speaking, Moorish life Is remarkably free from crime, as crime figures in the Newgate calendar. One might  almost add that upon the whole the Moors  are an innocent, and law abiding people.  Particularly when ono remembers that  they have no laws���a.s an Irishman might  put It. But tho Moorish administration  is one of the most corrupt on earth, and  in no other conutry. Is money, or the desire of it, so emphatically the root of all  'evil as it is in this realm .uf .Mohammed's  scion,  Abd   Aziz  IV*.  "A pretty bad place to be poor In!"  you might exclaim, when yon heard of a  man and wife, tramping twenty miles to  market heavily laden, and devoting three  Cays to the earning of about live pence.  True, but, in a sens?, it i.s a worse country to be rich in. A man who i.s notoriously and unmistakably poor, and without  moneyed relatives, i.s tolerably secure from  risks of imprisonment or persecution, unless he commits crime or offends some  powerful person. A warm man, as we say,  is never safe, no matter how softly spoken  or how generous In the matter of judiciously  distributing hush  money.  What i.s the attitude of Moors themselves, the sufferers, in these matters?  Would they willingly exchange this sort of  rule for what we of the west consider a  just and proper administration? It is  not an easy question to answer. Freedom  from oppression must needs be desirable  to all men. But regular taxation, an efficient polico .service, and submission to the  Intricate code of rules, big nnd little, which  is at the root of our civilization���these  things.form the pi-Ice which has to be  paid for justice of administration as we  understand    it,   and   it   is .'-Sreatly    to   be  LAWS AND NO END OF BRIBHR-1  ,  * **,.~' *���  -*- '     < u   'V'"'-''" **_fcip".i  have been ( sidered whose record on the power-plant**J-.**u*j"^I^S''  : the hook    question  was    not    straight.' \A,.->well-T ..^--V-f^  doubted whether Moors would ever willingly pay that price. Meanwhile the feeling with which they regard a fellow countryman who shows himself well disposed  .towards Christians -ind Christian or  Kuropean Innovations of any sort. Is we I;  exemplified by the following little story,  a perfectly true one, of an event which  marked   my   Inst  year's   stay   In   Tangior:  The most of Tangier's pashas  men whom even the Inventor of  phrase could  not  have accused of friendliness with  the unbeliever, or of any tendency to take up with western civilization.''  ,  Then came Sid Tnher Tazzl,  with his eh--  Hghlcnment,   and   his,   opening  up  of  relations   with    the., foreign    ministers,    for  j'all the world as though he were. a Turk,.  '.     Si  :. faLjiA.-^*r-a-._L  __*-H  ���rangier, the Infidel afflicted, where Moors j '*'* even a N'zranl. His deceased predecessor, in Paradise, endured the thing for a  few days. Then, at midnight, lie  descended   upon   sleeping  Tangier,  stalked  are more accustomed to the ways of Europeans, and more tolerant toward them than  iu any other part of tho empire.  A new pasha wns sent to Tangier, Sid  Tahor 'J'az/.l, an enlightened man as  modern Moors j;o, and olio related to a  Moorish family living in Liverpool. He  had the unenviable reputation aniong  Moors of being well disposed toward  Christians. A fortnight after his arrival  in Tangier Sid Tnher died, from causes  unexplained, and wa.s burled. .Inquest!*  are unknown and post-mortem examinations unheard of in Morocco, where they  would be deemed abominable and sacrilegious acts. 1 inquired first of one and  then of half a dozen' other Moors as to the  real cause of the new pasha's death. This  is what I was told;  The original owner of the pasha's palace  hi Tangier was a Moslem of the Moslems,  a Moor to the linger ends, and one to  whom intercourse of any sort with an unbeliever, a Naanre'ne. had seemed the basest sort of blasphemy. He was the creator of that famous phrase: "The knlfo for  the I-Iudl (Jew); the hook for the X'zranl  (Christian)." The hook was just a hook���  a giant fishhook-which was kept conveniently fixed over city gateways. In order that a believer when so minded, might  take a Christian to the top of the wall and  drop him upon the hook, there to hang  and squirm, impaled, till death did him  release. 1 recently examined one of these  hooks at Fez myself; though, to he sure,  tho good old days of their constant usage  (as a Moor mlglit say) aro no more.  Now this first owner of the palace carried his hatred of the Infidel with him  when he was wnfted into Paradise: Instead of lying idly feasting in his especial  pavilion there, lie has visited earth every  night since his death and glanced around  his old palace in Tangier to see how  things wore going.  gloomily past heavy-eyed guards, and  entered his old palace. Straight to the  bedside of his unworthy sucessor the old  Moslem strode, took him by the throat,  shook the appalled wretch, and in tones  of fearful significance bade him begone  from  out  that place.  Then the visitor from Paradise disappeared, leaving poor Sid Taher Tazzl  in an icy sweat of terror. The icy sweat  continued, and within thirty-six hours the  new pasha passed away, praying despairingly. The story may be���what you  cliooso. The death, physically unaccounted  for. i.s an indisputable fact. I saw the  body buried.���A. J. Dawson in Chicago  Tribune.  MUNICIPAL POLITICS.  At the time the Electric Light. Loan  By-law was before the people for their  comsideration, property owners who favored the passage of the by-law organized  for effective work, and as all organizations must have a name, they called  thoir organization the Progressive People's Party. A committee room was  rented and a secretary engaged. The  objects of the party were well known,  and through its efforts the by-law was  carried by a sweeping majority. The  party then decided to keep up the organization until after the municipal elc-  tion, in order that the fruits of their  first victory should not be lost by allowing men to get into the council who,  while pretending to favor the erection  of a power plant, would see so many  obstacles in the way that its erection  would be deferred for another year. The  availability of candidates for mayor and  aldermen were canvassed, and it is  needless to say that no name was con-  known merchant, who sat in the council  two years'and who took the initial steps  to secure for the city an option on t1  of the public utilities now owned by"  city, was mentioned among others  -the position.   A'requisition asking  to be a candidate for mayor had  circulated before the date of the by-|  election, hut for some reason best kn  to themselves,^ tho committee^who'  the matter in charge failed to.pret  the requisition.   The men who'circuj  ed this* requisition were all oppose  the    passage of the by-law, and tl  failure to piesent it to the proposed  didate raised doubts as to their since!  When the facts became known, mem  of tho Progressive People's Party waited  on Dr. W. O  Rose, who had previously  announced  a  willingness  to. stand  for  one of the aldermen for the East ward. .  He was    asked to make the race    for '  mayor, and he Anally agreed to do so, ,,  and  his  announcement appears in  today's Tribune.  Dr. Rose has had no previous experi- ���>  ence as a municipal legislator or execu-.p  tive officer, but he is credited;.with hav^l*  ing    brains    and    force  of7character77?  Although more or less mixed up" in the W*7ri^  faction  fight that has  long: existed;; inf J  Nelson between the doctors, he has nqt>7|  been  an active    partisan  in  municipal 77.;  politics.     He, therefore, can make the.  .7  race squarely on the one issue in which V7  all the people are interested, that is, the  erection of a power plant at the earliest  date  practicable;   that  if  it  cannot be  erected on one site, then erect it on the  next best site;  but,    under no circumstances, strangle the proposition.   This     '_  is a clean-cut issue, and one that should  be met in a clean-cut way.   Besides this,  the people want to see Nelson go ahead,  and towns whose councils are progresslV3  usually do not go backwards.   The men  who are in the employ of the city should  be well paid, but at the same time, they  should be efficient.    Surely these three  Issues are in the line of good government, and    the    candidates of a party  pledged to carry them  out should  receive fair treatment at the hands of the  electors.    Men who froth at the mouth  '*f7:.y7.  (Continued  on  Page 4.) The Nelson Tribune  if-  of Montreal  Established 1817.      Ine rpomted br ��� t of Parliament.  CAPITAL (all paid up)    $12,000,000.00  REST 7.      8,000,000.00  UNDIVIDED PROFITS  165,856.00  HEAD OFFICE,  MONTREAL  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal, G. C. M. G , President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice-President.  E. S. Clouaton, General Manager.  NELSON BRANCH, Kootenay StraeU  A. H. BUCHANAN, Manager.  I ImperialBank of Canada \  9                CAPITAt-,   (Authorized) $4=5O0O,OOO ���  i                CAPITAL      Paid Up)   l^_E��l��igS 2  ��� BEST .....-...*? ��2,438,595 J  ��� " ��� :  *  J HEAD  OFFCE,  TORONTO,  ONTARIO.���Branches ln tho Northwest Terrltor- ���  ��� les, Provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. ���  Z T. R. MERRITT, President.               D. R. WILKIE, Vlce-Pres. and Gen. Man. ���  ��� E. HAY. Assistant Gen. Manager.             W. MOFFAT, Chief Inspector. #  ���                                                                    ., "���  ��� ���  ��� NELSON BRANCH���A general banking business tranasted. 9  S Savings  Department���Deposits  received and Interest allowed. ���  ��� Drafts sold, available in all parts of Canada, United States and Europe. Special v  J            attention given to collections.                                J. M. LAY, Manager. J  limited to men whose pronunciation denotes their nativity, or to men who  imagine themselves better than their  neighbors because of membership in  some club or church or secret society.  It is made up of men who want to see  Nelson a progressive, growing, tolerant,  decent, and up-to-date town; a town in  which real estate should be as easy to  transfer as twenty-dollar gold pieces,  and in which every man and woman  will   have  entire  liberty  of conscience.  ���...O������������������.������������9999999909..99���������*������������������������������.������.���������9...  9 ���  i Canadian BanK of Conferee j  ��� With Which is Amalgamated ���  ��� The Bank of British Columbia t  ��� Paid Up Capital  $8,000,000 *  ��� Reserve Fund.-... '.. $2,500,000 ���  J Aggregate Resources Over $65,000,000 ���  ���   ���  ��� Head Office,  -  Toronto. ���  ��� HON.  GEO. A.  COX, President. B.  E.  WALKER, General Manager. #  ���    ��� ���  ��� NELSON  BRANCH. I  o ��  ��� Saving's  Bank  Department���Deposits received and Interest allowed.  Pres- ���  ��� ent rate 3 per cent. . BRUCE HEATHCOTE, Manager. ���  ��� ���' ���  TRAINS AND STEAMERS  Leave and Arrive at Nelson as Below.  CANADIAN PACIFIC SYSTEM  UEAVK  6:00 a. m.  DaUy.  CROWS NEST RAILWAY  Kuskonook, Creston' Movie,  Cranbrook, Marysville, Fort  Steele, Elko, Fernie, Michel.  Blairmore, Frank, Mooleod.  Lethbridge, Winnipeg, and  all Eastern points.  ARRIVE  6:00 p. in-  Daily.  LKAVK  8 a.m.  8 a. m.  COLUMBIA & KOOTENAY  arrive  RAILWAY  Robson. Trail and Rossland. 110:35  (DaUy oxcept Sunday)  Robson, Rossland, Cascade,  Grand Forks, Phasnix,  Greenwood and Midway.  (Daily except Sunday)  ���:4_ p. m.fttobson, Nakusp, Arrowhead,  Daily   BRovelstoke, and all points cast  bad west on C.P.R. main line.  8:40 p. m.  Dally    Robson. Trail and Rossland,  9:35 p.m.  &?  Dal  9:3$ p.m.  Daflr  USAVH  ��� IS ajn.  - p. nv,  . p. m.  BLOC AN RIVER RAILWY ARJMVJi  3:10 p.m.    on  (pPaily except Sunday)  KOOTENAY  LAKE  STEAMBOATS  Balfour, Pilot Bay, Ainsworth  Kaslo and all Way landings.  (Dally except Sunday)  >ints on the  ,rdo & Trout Late Branoh.  (On Mon-AVed. and Fri.)  FromTairdo and-Tront'Iiake  (On Tue. Thur. and Sat)  Lardo and all  Lai  ARRIVE  11:00  a. m.  H^aimr1  QEEAT NORTHERN SYSTEM.  people control of the ownership of the  road, and that is what the people should  have if they furnish any part of the  cost of the road.    The cost of a transcontinental   railway   would   be   in   the  neighborhood    of   $100,000,000.    Canada  can borrow that money at 3 per cent, or  fully 2 per cent less than any private  company   can;   then    why   should   the  people be required to-pay $2,000,000 a  year in freight and passenger rates in  excess   of  the  actual   requirements   to  meet  interest   charges   on   the cost   of  construction?     Control    of - ownership  does not necessarily mean operation.   A  road    whose    ownership   is   controlled  by the people could be operated by the  people's co-owners, the private parties  who owned the remaining 49 per cent  of the stock of the construction company.   British Columbia should keep its-  hands off these transcontinental  roads  and confine its operations entirely to the  construction   of  roads    that    will    be  wholly within the province.   The Canadian    Northernites    and    the    Grand  Trunkites should be. told to keep away  from Victoria and confine their lobbying  operations to Ottawa.  The    Western    Federation of Miners  has declared over the names of its executive   board,   from    Charles    Moyer,  president,  down    to    James A.  Baker,  member for the sixth district, that the  Cqlorad'o   Chronicle   of   Denver,   Colorado, tho Labor World of Butte, Montana,   and    the    Western   Socialist  of  Vancouver, British'Columbia, are entitled to the support of the members of the  federation "for promulgating   the   real  and   genuine  remedies   that  mean  the  industrial    emancipation of humanity."  The membership of the Western Federation of Miners in British Columbia is  made up of Conservatives, and Liberals,  and Progressive Partyites, and Orangemen, and Catholics, and Presbyterians,  and  Masons,   and    Odd    Fellows,  and  Eagles, and Prohibitionists, and Moderate Drinkers, and a majority of them  will continue to be just what they are  today,  notwithstanding the    manifesto  of the executive of the Western Federa-.  tion of Miners.   Men think more of the  present than what may happen a thousand years  hence.    Socialism,  as advocated by the advanced  Socialists, is a  dream, and dreamers do not cut much  ice in this practical * age.      Municipal  ownership of public utilities is practical  socialism; yet nine Socialists out of ten  condemn,1 it  as  bitterly   as  they   condemn profit-earning industries operated  by  private  capital.    But  it  takes    all  kinds of people to make an up-to-date  world, and the few Socialists that are  in this one will probably do little damage, even with the support of such influential moulders of public opinion as the  Colorado    Chronicle,  and    the    Labor  World, and the Western Socialist.  i___.v_  Depot  '.V'Oa.m.  Mountain  7:60 %m  Dafly  KELSON  &  FORT   SHEPPARD  RAILWAY  Ymir, Salmo, Erie, Waneta, Mororittn  Northport, Rossland, Colvilla7:19 P.1D.  U-AVB  NelmHi  !00 a. tn.  ICaslo  8:3j p. 111.  Daily  and Spokane.  Matting through connection,  at Spokane to tlie ��oiith,   oust and Tvest.  Depot.  8 p.m.  DaUy  KOOTENAY LAKE  STEAMBOATS  Balfour, Pilot Boy, Aim) worth  Kaiiio and all Way Landings.  ij-avk  Daily  0:00 a. ni  1:00 p.m  kaslo & slogan  railway  ,. Khr'o..  , Sivndon.  ARIUVB  KahIo  3:40 a. m.  Nelson  7:l.'i p. iu.  Dally .  Aimivh.  Duily  3:IS p.m.  11:26 am.  THE NELSON TRIBUNE  1       Founded in 1892.  Editorial and Business Offlce  Room 9, Madden Block.  The Nelhon Tribune is served by carrier  to subscribers In Nelson or sent by mall  to any address in Canada or the United  States, for one dollar a year; price to  Great Britain, postage paid, $1.50. No  subscription taken for less than a year.  JOHN   HOUSTON,   Editor.  SATURDAY,   JANUARY 3,  1903.  Why should the people of Canada,  through their parliament, bonus another transcontinental railway? Canada built the Canadian Pacific in great  part, yet the people of Canada have no  more control over it than they have oyer  "Jim" Hill's Great Northern railway,  which is wholly in the United States.  If the country needs another transcontinental railway���and it does���let Canada guarantee the principal and interest  on the cost of its construction, and for  that guarantee demand and get 51 per  cent of the' stock of the company building the road.    That would    give    the  A year ago The Tribune took the stand  that the electors of Nelson should only  -elect=to~offi'ce=men=whoi=8tood=-fo-=a-  policy or for principles;  that men who  changed   their    policy   or   the|ir   principles as often as they did their socks  could not be trusted.   The result of that  election landed in the city council four  men  who    stood  by  their    principles.  These four men, aldermen Drew, Irving,  Morrison, and Scanlan, before they were  elected said  they would not take the  West  Kootenay  Power  &  Light Company into partnership in the ownership  of the electric lighting utility, and that  they would do everything possible  to  place the city in an independent position to carry on that utility.   They have  kept their pledges, and the people have  backed them up by voting $150,000 for  the purpose.    The  people should  continue in the good work    already commenced by electing on the 15th instant  a mayor and six aldermen who will see  that the $150,000 already    voted is expended for the purpose for which it was  voted, and at as early a date as is practicable.    It would  be  downright folly,  after the people have voted money for  a specific purpose, to elect men to office  who would prevent its expenditure by  adopting dilatory    tactics,  tactics  that  can be so easily adopted by men who  are  not  in  sympathy    with  the  work  sought to be carried out.    Apart from  this,  the council for the next year should  see that the city gets efficient service  from its employees, and that can best  be done by electing a man for mayor  who will set his    subordinates a good  example.    The water-works and  sewer |  systems should be extended as required,  and  the expensive    road-making plant  purchased in 1900 by the city should not  be allowed to crumble away from rust.  It  could    be    profitably    employed  in  making Vernon street more presentable.  The above are the aims of the Progressive People's Party, a party that meets in  the open, and whose membership is not  The   latest    attempt  at  forming   an  association to benefit the people.of British  Columbia    through    legislation is  being made at London, England, and is  being made by. mining    company" promoters.    It is safe to say that mining  company  promoters    have  done  much  more than all other classes combined to  bring discredit on British Columbia. A  job lot of ex-emigration    agents    and  broken down anddiscredited politicians,  who are absolutely. novices at mining,  trot back and forth  between Rossland  and London, and their every utterance is  printed and reprinted as coming from  practical    mining   men, - whose    views  should have consideration.   British Columbia has had more mud thrown at it  by   discredited'    mining  company  promoters and  mine  managers  who have  shown themselves to be absolute failures than any other mining country on  earth."   Notwithstanding the fall in the  prices of silver, copper, and lead, and  the   shut-downs  through   shortages   in  power and of coke, the mines of British  Columbia    yielded  a larger    return  in  values  during the year  1902" than  did  the mines of the state of Idaho; yet the  total  amount  received  by  the  provincial government from the 2 per cent tax,  that is so railed against, was less than  *$l00;00OrEx^e=Sipati6n^^nts^Tra"fflne*  managers who have proved to be failures go over to London and get interviewed by one of the grafting and blackmailing mining journals  that  flourish  in that city,  and their statements are  reprinted  in   the  Rossland  Miner  and  other pessimistic publications as gospel  truths.   It would not be a bad thing for  British Columbia if a law was passed  to  exclude  these  blatherskites,    along  with the Chinese and Japanese.    If the  people  of  British   Columbia  have  any  manhood left they will send to the rear  any  man or set of  men    aspiring for  office who will allow themselves to be  in any way   influenced by associations  organized  in London  to dictate    what  mining laws shall be passed in British  Columbia.  arc not able lo control 20 votes, besides  the speaker, they cannot carry on the  government, and should.not be allowed  to  do so.    If  they  cannot carry  on  a  government, then they should be manly  men  and announce    that    fact.    They  should  say  they are  willing  to  bring  down  the estimates for 1903-4,  submit  them to the house, aud after their passage, ask the lieutenant-governor for a  dissolution.   The people will do the rest.  The members of the present house have  no just    claim  to be allowed  to  hold  office for another year.   With the coming session they will have served four  regular   sessions,     which   is   all   they;  would be allowed to serve under ordinary conditions.   The Tribune is of opinion that all the members of the legislative   assembly    are    honorable  men,  men who would not for an instant insist  on    holding on to offlce for the mere  .sake of the emoluments thereof.   Their  best judgment must, by this time, show  them  that the Prior 'government,  like  the Dunsmuir    government, is a mere  makeshift one, held together not by a  defined policy or a platform of principles,  but merely by expediency.    The attorney-general  is   discredited    everywhere  throughout   the  province;     the    chief  commissioner of lands and. works has  ceased to be even a figurehead in his own  department; the finance minister is not  on speaking terms  with  the  attorney-  general; the premier is at.the head of a  department with    whicli  he is  not in  touch; and the provincial secretary, although willing to make the attempt to  change the moribund outfit into one of  vigorous vitality, will be unable to do  so.   Were the premier as strong and as  capable and as daring as is his provincial secretary, his government could be  made last another year, and issues could  be presented that would force their acceptance by one or the    other of the  political parties at the next general election, and  the man  who    can    present  issues that are acceptable to the people  need not worry over party leadership.  Men must show their capacity- to lead  before the   people will accept them as  leaders.    The sentiment that dominates  Victoria cannot be molded- into an issue  that will be acceptable to the people of  the province, and Victoria will find that  out at the next general election.  The Right Time to  Invest op Speculate in  Seal Estate Is When  Sellers Ape Bard Up of  Prices Abnormally low  ANNOUNCEMENT  BORDEN'S  CONDENSED filLK  (Originator, of Condensed Milk���Establish ed 18B7.)  Proprietors of the Celebrated  PEERLESS  BRAND EAGLE   BRAND  *d^wB^rt^5S5^'^  ������-���I &itte"-l pro'.cHonaS-"'15''  ^i__4son Sti-oet.NeW  EVAPORATED CREAM      CONDENSED MILK  Having established a BRANCH FACTORY IN CANADA,   are now   prepared to supply customers through the trade with their brands���  SOLD BY ALL  GROCERS AND BY  A.  ACDONALD & CO.  NELSON -- WHOLESALE  The undersigned has been authorized to  offer for sale W. H. Brandon's addition to  Slocan City. The addition contains 80  acres, a part of which has -been platted.  Of the lots platted, 134 remain unsold. Of  the unplatted portion (50 to 60 acres) 40  acres are suitable for gardening: or orcharding, being the finest land in Slocan  valley and can be easily cleared and Irrigated. The addition has a water-works  system of its own. The big sawmill that  has been bonused by Slocan City will be  erected on land immediately adjacent to  Brandon's addition. Included are five  buildings,=which=now-rent-for=$500-a=year.���  Selling price, $7,000. Terms, |3,500 cash  and the balance on time.  The  ' 'BORDEN BRANDS" represent the highest  possible standard.    Leaders for over 40 years.  RETAIL BY T. S. McPherson, Morrison & Caldwell, J. A. Irving, T. J.  Scanlan.  The reports from Victoria as to premier Prior's intentions should be taken  with a grain of salt. Prior compromised  himself when in Kootenay in order to  gain the support of an element that is  not only discredited, but utterly without  influence.   He then attended the Revelstoke convention and was forced to state  that  in  the  event  of  the    legislature  being  dissolved    that   he   would   fight  under the leader selected by the Conservative party.    The    party    selected  Charles Wilson of Vancouver for leader,  and were the legislative assembly dissolved tomorrow,  colonel Prior,  as  an  honorable man, would have to pull off  his coat and help elect Conservatives to  the  legislative    assembly.    So,  dn  the  face of this, it is absurd to say    that  Prior, as premier, will meet the house,  and if not sustained on his policy being  announced,  will  ask  for  a  dissolution  and appeal  to the country on his announced policy.   If he did so, he would  be  the  worst beaten    man    who ever  attempted    to    lead a party in British  Columbia.    If Prior and his colleagues  I also have instructions to offer for sale  the following pieces of real estate in Nelson:  VERNON STREET-Inslde Lot, 50x120  feet, north frontage, between Josephine  and Hall streets, unimproved. Price $1,260  cash.  ' BAKER STREET���Inside Lot, 50x120  feet, south frontage, between Josephine  and Hall streets, unimproved. Price, 15,000  or will put lot against permanent improvements to cost J5.000.  SILICA STREET���Inside Lot, 50x120 feet,  north frontage, between Hall and Hendryx streets. Improvements, 5-room cottage,  with all conveniences.    Price,  $2,500.  BAKER STREET���Lot 25 by 120 feet on  south side of Baker Street. Next east of  Sherbrooke hotel.    Price, $1,125.    Terms.  SILICA STREET���Lot and improvements on northeast corner Silica and Ward  streets. Residence has all conveniences.  Price, $2,500.    Terms.  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������-���������a������������������������������������������  9................t>.........f,...........................0  TREMONT  HOUSE  European and American Plan.  Meals 25 otfl.   Rooms from 26 ct��. to 31.  Only White Help Kmployrd,  MALONE & TREGILLUS,  Baker St., Nelson. Proprietors,  Queen's Hotel  ��� ���  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������  ���������  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������  ������.  ������  ������  ������  A FEW TIPS ON TEA  TWENTY-PICE   CENTS   will buy   ONE  flavored CEYLON-INDIAN TEA  POUND   of   pure,   clean,   fine  ��� ���  i  ===L=^a,WENT-Y^CENTS=will-=buy-ONE^EOUND^Standard=BREAKEAST==2A==  BLACK  TEA.    Purchasers  of  ten pounds or more, will receive one pound  extra, for each ten pounds purchased.  Equal  to  an  allowance   of  TEN PER CENT DISCOUNT, on these extremely low prices.  Prices on our regular lines of CHOICE TEA, 30c, 35c  60c per pound for Black, Green and Blended.  40c, 45c, 50c and  Kootenay Coffee Go.  Telephone  177  P.  O.  Box 1S2  !  BAKER STREET,  NELSON.  Lighted   by    Elecrlcity  and  Heated  Hot Air.  with  Large and comfortable bedrooms and  first class dining room. Sample rooms for  commercial men.  RATES $2 PER DAY  For    further  apply to  particulars,    address    or  JOHN HOUSTON,  Room 9, Madden Block, Nelson, B.C.  Drink  Thorpe's  Lithia  Water  Mrs. E. C. Clarke,  -   Proprietress  MADDEN HOUSE  BAKER AND  WARD STREETS,  NELSON, B.  C.  Importer of  Own Make Pipes  Peterson's Patent Pipes  B. B. B. Celebrated Pipes  Loewe Pipes  wnu Tobacco       H�� Jt pHAIt?, I'ropr.  Players Tobacco \   ��� "  Turkish Cigarette*  Monopol Cigarettes  Egyptian Cigarettes  J. It. C. and O. B. I>. Pipes  I,ainbert and Butler Tobacoos  All brands of Imported and domestic cigars  Telephone 194  Wholesale find P,etail  Tobacconjst  ueen  Cigar Store  Baker 8treet, NELSON, B.C.  Centrally Located.       Electric Lighted.  0___!L__f_iN_TI__! T-l6 stron^es* and Best Fxplosive iqthe Market  Wai.faofa.red by th. HAMILTON POWDER COMPANY  HEADQUARTERS     FOR     TOURISTS  AND OLD TIMERS.  THOMAS   MADDEN,  Proprietor.  Every small bottle contains five grains of  lithia carbonate.  BARTLETT HOUSE  Josephine Street,  Nelson.  The best |1 per day house In Nelson.  None but white help employed.   The bar  the best.  G-- W- Bartlett - - Proprietor  GEO. C. TUNSTALL, JR.,  District Mgr., Nelson/B.C.  Manufacturers of  High Grade Explosives, Sporting, Mining and Blastin**' Pr.vder  REISTERER & CO.  BREWERS  LAGER  OF  BEER  AND  PORTER  Put up ln Packages to suit the  Trade  Brewery  and   Office   on   Latimer  Nelson, B.  C.  Street,  _i  Don't Worry  But    replace  with one of  that    unsatisfactory    suit  GEE S  Stylish cut, well-made, comfortable  suits. You will find Gee in the Tremont  Block,  Baker street, Nelson. K*--*-*-*--;-.-.^*.  WW^S-  ?$'?<��*:&&  THe N&lsbri Tribune  -j -si  THREE OF KOOTENAY S MINING DISTRICTS  BRIEFLY REVIEWED FOR THE YEAR 1902  There Is, though, a too ready disposition among those publishing much information    relative  to   the    Boundary  mines,  to   greatly  exaggerate  the  importance of a big tonnage, regardless of  values.    From one point of view, viz.,  that confining itself to the number of  men    given    employment   in   mining, j  transporting and reducing the ore, and  of the materials consumed in connection  therewith,  the increasing volume  of the tonnage is, indeed, a matter for  hearty  congratulation,  but    from    the  standpoint of those who    have had to  provide  much  capital  for  development  aud   equipment,   mere    tonnage   is   of  minor importance without the satisfactory accompaniment of a fair return on  the capital employed.    Looked at from  this latter    point it must be admitted  that the Boundary district did not, in  the year 1902, come up to expectations,  since it did not see any dividends paid  to shareholders in the companies working on a large scale, nor any appreciably large balance above operating expenses    accumulated.    Perhaps   it  was  premature to look for any considerable  .���rofitable return thus early in the development of the local mining and smelting industries, for not only was it necessary   to   continue   to   provide    much  plant and machinery and do a deal of  preliminary  dead work but only  practical  experience    could    determine the  most      expeditious      and      economical  methods of handling the unusually largo  quantities  of  low   grade   ore  occurring  liere.    Yet even this necessity was not  he main obstacle to the realization of  xpectations; in largest measure the uri-  ���usual market conditions as regards the  price   of   copper   were   responsible   for  the disappointment in the year's monetary returns.   For nearly two years the  price of electrolytic copper in New York  had been between 16-and 16% cents per  'pound.-   December of 1901 saw a drop  o less than 14 cents as the average for  hat month, and during 1902 it dropped  o a minimum of about 10% cents, whilst  t is only about one cent higher now.  'To realize the disastrous effect a reduc-  Ion  of approximately    five  cents  per  ound    in    receipts, without a corres-  onding reduction in costs must neces-  arlly have upon the copper mining in-  ustry of such a district as; the .-Bound-'  ry,  the    low    average  percentage  of  opper the big bodies of ore carry must  te taken  into account.    For instance,  upposing the ore averages two per cent  :opper (and much of it runs lower) this  ;ives 40 pounds, to the ton, which at 5  lents    per    pound   reduction   in   price  eans $2 per ton on ore that in 1900  nd 1901 would have been worth that  much more.   It is easily seen, therefore,  ;that if the big mines are being operated,  ���now" without loss they would, under the  more favorable market conditions of 1900  nd 1901, have returned a large profit  then.,   This   serious   difference  in   the  market conditions has brought into much  prominence the urgent necessity existing for still further reductions in cost  of  labor  and   supplies���especially    explosives���so  largely    used in the    ore  quarries���in   connection   with    mining,  and in fuel  and freight, in connection  ���with" smelting.   . Further, both mining  and; smelting must be oh an extensive  scale to ensure a fair, return on the capital employed.  ;IMPORTANT FEATURES.  ' Perhaps the most important feature  of the year's work in the larger mines  was the change which transferred the  greater part of the ore-porducing operations from the underground workings  to the big quarries now contributing the  bulk of the tonnage of these mines. This  transference had been, in the case of  the Granby company's Knob Hill mine,  in part effected irt the year 1900, but it  was during the year now under notice  that this means of bringing about an  indispensable reduction in labor charges  was to a much greater extent availed  =Ofr=\Vhen^itris=i'emenibei'ed--that=this-  change, speaking generally, reduced ore-  producing cost by about 50 cents a ton,  its vital importance to mines working  on a narrow margin and maintaining  a large average daily output is at once  evident. As yet reductions in cost of  mine supplies have not been practicable, but there is little doubt that, these  will be made to some extent during the  ensuing vear. The smelters for a short  period had the benefit of a slight reduction in the cost of coke, but this was  lost after the disastrous explosion at  ono of the collieries of the Crow's Nest  Pass Coal company last summer. Whether or not any advantage will be gained in this direction in 1903 will depend  very much upon whether railway competition be brought'about or not. Should  the railwav proposals of the Great  Northern or the V. V. & E, company, or  of the combination supposed to exist between these two, be carried out to a sufficient extent to give bona fide competition, it is not unlikely that a reduction  in freight charges on coke will be secured even though the Crow's Nest Pass  Coal company's present practical monopoly enable it to keep up its comparatively high charge for'the fuel itself.  Still one more consideration additional  to a possible increase in the price of  copper induces hope for better results  in the near future. This is the recent  provision of cheap power by the completion of the Cascade Water Power company's power-generating works. The  possible effect of reported combinations  and amalgamations of companies owning mining and smelting properties  need not be here consdered, since these  are still very much "in the air," yet  should-any amalgamation, strongly supported financially, be effected, it will  probably be a step in the right direction  by enabling operations to be carried on  on a considerably larger scale and by  concentrating management and thereby  making a saving as compared with the  cost of several individual managements.  ORE TONNAGE.  Coming now to details of tonnage for  the year, the output of the mines of the  district was as under:  Tons.  Granby mines    310,001  Mother  Lode    138,997  Snowshoe  20,800  B.   C  14,727  Emma   ���     7,900  Sunset    7,560  Jewel     2.175  Winnipeg   785  Golden Crown    C25  No. 7  532  Providence  172  Sundry small shipments   158  Total 505,032  THE SMELTERS.  The smelters of the district are a prominent and striking testimony to  the confidence felt by some capitalists In the permanence   and   eventual   profitableness   of  its resources.   At all three of the Boundary  smelters   there   were   Important  additions   to  plant  and  buildings,  and  In  the  case of the Granby works these were, for  a comparatively new district, extensive and  costly.   At the close of 1901 there were but  three   furnaces .'in   operation;   two  at, the  Granby  smelter  at Grand  Forks  and  one  at   the   B.   C.   Copper  company's  smelter,  Greenwood.    During 1902' two  were  added  tit   Grand   iFork's,    and   one   Greenwood,  whilst the Montreal & Boston Copper company , secured  possession   of   the   then  in-  Complete' smelter   situate     at.    Boundary  Falls,   added   to   its   buildings  and' equipment and  put its single furnace in blast.  These additions; give a total of seven furnaces  available   for   the  reduction  of   ore  and a daily  treatment capacity  under ordinarily,  favorable  conditions,   of   between  2,200  and  2;300  tons  each  2d  hours.    A  second furnace is being installed at Boundary  Falls, and it has been announced that the  Granby   company   is ' arranging   for   the  early increase  of its number 'to six.    Additions  will  probably be made as  well to  the   furnace   capacity   of" the   Greenwood  smelter   but   no   definite  arrangements   to  this  end  have  yet. been" announced.  The Granby company's additions and enlargements, commenced in, 1901 and completed early in 1002, were as follows: The  power generating"plant was first increased  to a total of 1,100 horse power developed,  250 horse power being for use of the city  o*f Grand Forks. Two more triplex pumps  were added, each capable of supplying  750,000 gallons of water per diem for granulating slag- and for water jackets, etc.  AnotherNo. 8.. Connersville blower was  placed .'in the blower room, making four  in all, or one for each furnace.    .  At the Greenwood smelter, besides the installation of a second blast furnace, additions were made to ore-bin accommo-  datiffn increasing the storage capacity to  about 12,000 tons, ore bins and tramways  were roofed In, a third railway track run  through the works, facilities for water  supply enlarged,' and other additions and  improvements made. A slag elevator is  now being put in, to facilitate the disposal of the granulated slag. At Boundary  Falls the sampling plant has been added  to and building and railway track accommodation considerably extended, and now  more steam power and another blower are  being obtained to meet the requirements  of two furnaces instead of only one. . The  matte" from iJoth'the Boundary* Falls and"'  Greenwood smelters is converted into blister copper at Grand Forks, thus effecting  a considerable saving in railway freight  as compared with the cost of transporting  the whole of the matte, instead of only  its copper and other valuable contents to  eastern   refineries.  THE LARDEAU DISTRICT.  The material progress of the Lardeau  district���in which for general descriptive purposes may be included the areas,  lying around Ferguson, Trout Lake city  and Camborne���during the past.year  has been more marked, and of greater  moment than for any year, or, indeed,  period, since the district has had a-  public history. It represents the point  of time at which the lever of general  interest, and extensive capital expenditure overcame the inertia imposed by  natural conditions, and public apathy,  and fairly started this marvellously rich  mineraLa'egionjn.its^i-ace^for^a^share^oi  the world's attention.  The Lardeau was, and to a great extent continues to be, badly handicapped  by want of communication with the  outside world. Until the other day the  only door of exit or entrance was via  Beaton (late Thompson's landing) 16  miles from Ferguson, and 13 from  Trout Lake city, with which point connection was made tri-weekly by stage.  The route to Beaton is still kept open  for postoffice purposes. The import and  export shipping place was at Beaton  until the C. P. R. in mid-July completed their service from Lardo, on  Kootenay lake, by rail to Gerrard, on  Ihe south end of Trout lake, and thence  by steamer to Trout Lake city, within  four miles of Ferguson. Under the old  condition of things freight rates for  merchandise, provisions, mining machinery, etc. from Beaton represented  fully $20 a ton, while ore mined in the  locality was charged the same rale for  shipment to that point to which had to  be added another $20 or perhaps very  much more, for haulage from the mine  to Ferguson! The result was that only  properties of exceptional richness could  be operated at a profit. Prospects showing values up to $50 or $60 a ton���and  there are many of . them���dare not be  touched. Having a shipping point at  Trout Lake city means a saving of fully  $15 a ton on all inward bound freight,  and an equal saving on ore exported. ���  The route south via Trout Lake city,  Gerrard and Lardo to Nelson is now  secured. It is, however, liable to interruption should it be found impossible  to keep the lake free' from ice to enable  the steamer to make her trips. Under  such conditions communication would  have to be made, via Beaton as formerly;:  was the case. ...','. . ���  The mining deals affecting the interests of the Sunshine. Company, Limited,  Great Western company, and the Double  Eagle company, find the groups of properties represented by the Silver Cup,  Nettie L land May Bee, under the gen-  oral management of D. G. Forbes, and  it may be assumed also that all three  are virtually in the one ownership.  The Silver Cup was the first property  to attract attention to the Lardeau.  Having passed from the ownership of  the original discoverers, Messrs. Halten,  Downs and Walker, it was operated until  the early part of the current year by  the Sunshine Company, Limited, whereof  Mr. Didesheim, of Revelstoke, was general manager. No property was more  persistently knocked than the Cup. The  hammerers said, "It is a very chancey  proposition. The ore occurs In lenses.  When you find your lense, well and  good; but when you stope it out when  will you blunder on another one?" W.  B. Poole and J. J. Young, of Calgary,  undeterred by the croaking of the  knockers, had the courage of their own  convictions, and having purchased the  property had the satisfaction of seeing  more ore in sight in a month than ever  the mine showed before. They very  soon after disposed of their interest to  a syndicate presumably of the chief  shareholders of the Great Western and  Double Eagle companies.  At the present time Mr. Riblet, of  Nelson, is installing an aerial tram for  the Silver Cup. This will be in operation very shortly, and Mr. Forbes is  authority for: stating that on its completion an up-to-date compressor plant  will be installed. It was at one time  thought the Cup's tram would be  carried doSvn ..direct to the shore of  Trout lake, instead of having its terminal at Eight-Mile,��as it will have. The  intention of the owners appears to be���-���  provided the properties turn out satisfactorily���to have a concentrator erected at the junction of the south and north  forks of the Lardo river on Ferguson  townsite, to treat the ores of both the  Silver Cup and Nettie L.  The first power drills ever operated  in the Lardeau are doing splendid work  in. the Nettie L. The Installation of the  necessary plant was a serious undertaking, owing to the natural difficulties of  the ground, poor wagon road., etc., but  the work 7Proceeded very quietly, but  very effectively, until a few mornings  ago the whistl8 sounded down the  mountain.  The properties in charge'of Mr. Forbes  are marketing their- ores steadily while  development work is being pushed to  advantage. Oni the Cup property a tunnel on the Sunshine ground has been  driven 340 feet. On the 20th December  a four-foot vein of high-class ore was  met with, pretty near the point where  -the manager calculated encountering it.  In August the hopes of the people of  Ferguson received a somewhat severe  set-back owing to the failure of the  Vulcan smelter, erected by the Lardeau  Smelting & Refining company, to do  what had been guaranteed it was capable of. The cause of the failure was  that the Vulcan company sent an appli-  uce for regulating the blast which proved  ineffective. Unfortunately for the Ferguson undertaking the Vulcan people  were at legal war amongst themselves  at the time of the experimental run, and  as far as your correspondent is aware  they have not sufficiently composed  their intricate troubles to be able to put  the smelter on a working basis.  Tho Metropolitan company, with  .which the-name of C. W. McCrossan is-  associated, purchased the celebrated  Triune from Messrs. Ferguson for a  long figure last spring. A staff of men  was put on and a fair quantity of high-  class ore shipped. An aerial tram on  the Halliday system has been erected.  One length extends from the mine to  the bunkhouse and is thoroughly effective. The longer stretch, from the  bunkhouse to the edge of the timber  has proved, unfortunately, to be inefficient, owing, it would appear, to the  fact tha.t a sufficient number of buckets  were not strung on the cable to provide  power. As the tram could not supply  the mine with fuel, provisions, etc., a  shut-down was ordered on 27th of November. Nothing will probably be done  before May next. The development *  work on the Triune under charge of H.  W. Gendar, has clearly : proved the  almost Incredible value of this property.  Gold occurs showing values of $60 or $70  to the ton in some cases, while the silver  values may be put down on an average  "to"$150=a=tonr==Strangely=enoughr^as-=  bestos occurs in this mine.  Very considerable work has been done  on the Black Warrior, Old Gold, Primrose and other properties on the Duncan valley slope to the northeast of  "Ferguson, for which American capital  is mainly responsible. Of the properties  in the vicinity of Trout lake the Pedro  and Ethel received most attention, and  if very reasonable and conservative  expectations be realized, both will soon  be on the shipping list.  Apart from exceptional mining activities, progress can be marked by the  erection of quite a number of new buildings including the Miners' union hospital, several private houses, and extensions to business concerns galore.  That man of action, W. B. Poole, has  almost completed an improved waterworks system, which was very badly  needed owing to a constantly increasing demand for domestic and business  purposes. Mention must also be made  of the enterprise of Messrs. Sawyer  Bros., of Revelstoke, who have the electric light plant wrell advanced. The  power house is equipped with Westing-  house dynamo, Pelton wheel, and the  usual accessories. The poles to carry  the light, wires are in place, so that in  a short time we shall have our streets  and houses equipped with this most  convenient illuminant.  A little more than five years ago, Ferguson had of necessity to be true to a  steady cuisine of pork, beans, bannock,  and coffee, with the general surroundings implied by such  conditions.  Now  the ordinary  traveller misses none of.  the modern conveniences  of advanced i  civilization.    This speaks well  for the!  'material  progress of our town in thej  bosom of the Dog Tooth range. ���*  Concerning the future, it cannot be  said the prospects of sliver-lead mining  are encouraging. Siam has adopted the  gold standard, and if the London Standard is to be credited, the Straits Settlements are about to follow suit. China  has unloaded an immense amount of  silver to meet her indemnities to the  European powers. The effect is apparent in the low quotations for sliver in  London and New York. Then manipulators are said to be "bearing" silver  values with a view to making a few  millions, more or less, when the re-action  sets in. It is said that at recent prices  tho margin of profit for silver producers  had run down to three cents an ounce.  The position is one calculated to cause  keen anxiety; nor is it surprising that  more attention is being paid to gold  producing properties. In this connection one's thoughts naturally turn to the  country around Camborne on Fish creek.  Here they certainly have the yellow  metal, and the coming year will be one  of activity commensurate with the importance of that fact. As things are, it  need surprise no one to see Camborne  a better camp in 1903 than Ferguson.  It has the true elements of stability, and  now that W. B. Pool has associated  himself with Its fortunes and the development of the Criterion group, it is very  unlikely that he will permit the light  of Fish creek to burn under a bushel.  Ratherwill it be set on a fair, tall mountain, ��� for the world to see.  In this connection it may be asked:  Are there no gold showings about Ferguson?    Certainly    there  are.    Every  creek shows gold more or less.   Placer  mining is being carried on now on the  north fork, and every square foot of the  soil of the bench on which Ferguson  stands  will  show    colors in.the pan.  Camborne itself is only a dozen miles  away in a straight line, and some of its  quartz leads���notably that belonging to  the Beatrice���have been traced into this'  camp or close to it."  Independent of this  quartz occurs  here,  there    and  everywhere.    The fact is that gold has not  been looked for.   The case of the Ophir  lode on Gainer creek is an exception; but  there the gold stuck out like currants  in a cake, funning in one sample off the  Olive-Mable to over $11,000 to the ton,  and this by smelter assay.  .   Another  lead  on  Gainer creek  of a  highly    promising    character  is  being  worked  by  Hilluran  and  Kulkeen,   of  Ten Mile.   These are the only gold properties in the locality on which, as far  as your correspondent knows, any work  is being done, or has been done.   Should  the worst happen; and silver-lead mining cease to be profitable,  those who  have the interests of Ferguson at heart  need have ho fear.    The energy which  pushed it to the front as a silver mining  camp will show its worth as a gold producer.:  Will it be credited that within  two miles of Ferguson is a huge quartz  lead 24 feet in width, and sticking up  through the formation as a dyke 40 feet  high for a distance of hundreds of feet,  which shows $2.80 to $7 in gold on the  surface, on which the assessment work  has hardly been done?   But so It goes  in this locality.    Everyone    looks  for  galena.   The day is at hand when gold  will be sought with equal energy and intelligence around Ferguson and Trout  lake,  and  if  indications  are not  misleading,  the  results    will    startle the  mining world.  GEORGE ADE GIVES SENSIBLE POINTERS  LN ONE OF HIS FABLEvS WITH A MORAL  THE 'ROSSLAND   CAMP.  The total output for the pastr year. from.  Rossland's twelve shipping properties will  be found to closely approximate 337,000  wet tons,- giving a gross value of $4,381,000.  The figures for the previous year as given by the local press were -279,133 tons  worth   53,700,0000.  The minister of mines in his. last annual  report places the Rossland tonnage for  1901 at 282,300 and makes the vaule 14,021,-  299.  Notwithstanding the increased tonnage  reported this year, the estimated value  given of the gross output, viz,, $4,381,0000,  will be found approximately correct, as a  due allowance must be made for the drop  In both silver and copper values. It is  generally admitted that the figures in the  minister of mines report Issued in July  last are somewhat Inflated and do not  represent the real values of the oro.  In both tonnage and values, however,  Rossland has made a splendid showing  for 1902. With the increased shipments  promised by the leading mine managers  of the camp for the present year Rossland's  total out put for 1903 should be at least  50 per cent greater than that now recorded.  Appended are the ore shipments in detail for the year:  Tons.  Le Roi   217,500  Le Roi No. 2   ..'...'. 52,475  Gentre=Star���i^^^^i-.^���^^^s^^v^=^=^=37,500-  War   Eagle    '... 22,000  Giant       3,000  Rossland-Great   Western       2,400  Velvet    1,500  Cascade      Bonanza      Columbia-Kootenay       White Bear       Spltzee      Once there was a Financial Heavyweight, the Mile-Stones of whose busy  Life were strung back across the Valley  of Tribulation into the Green Fields of  Childhood.  Like most of our Aristocrats, he got his  Start out among the Corn-Rows.  His Youth was spent very happily, but  he. did not get on to the Fact until Years  later. He used to work 14 hours per for  his Board and Clothes and his only Dissipation was td. take in the Swiss Bell-  Ringers once every season.  At the Close of every Year he was permitted to attend a Watch-Meeting at the  Mt. Zion Church. The Watch-Meeting is  a form of Gayety invented a long time ago  by some one Who was not feeling well at  the Time.  The Bunch was supposed to sit for three  or four hours on the hard Benches, meditating oh all the.,; low-down, onery Things  they had 'done during' the Old Year. Some  of them had to hurry in.order to.crowd  this line of .Meditation into a brief four  hours.      ���'."���������    ' ���    7 ,   - 7        - ���;-  Now and then a local High-Guy with  Throat Whiskers would arise and talk for  a short time on the subject.of Death and  wonder how many of those present would  be taken in by the Grim Reaper during the  New Year.  Just at Midnight the Sextonwouid Toll  the Bell so as to cheer everyone up. Then  each of the Merry-Makers would go home  and eat a piece of Mince Pie and a  Belle Flower Apple and retreat to ��� the:  Feathers, feeling a little ashamed for having stayed up so late.  Later on, after Tobias moved Into Town  and began to wear Store Clothes and  Stand-Up Collars and put Oil on his Hair  he encountered another kind of New  Year's' Day.  The Era was that of the Opera House.  All the Women received and the Men went  over   the   entire   Circuit   and   traded   job-  printed  Cards  for something  to   Eat  and  Drink,  This made it Fine for those who were not  Ordinarily   invited   into   the   Best   Homes.  The men roamed about in Flocks and  usually they had a Hard Finish, for It  was customary in those good old Days of  Democratic Simplicity for every True  Gentleman to take a Drink when it was  proffered by the hand of a Lovely Woman.  And Lovely Woman seemed to regard  It as her Assignment to put all of the Nice  Young Fellows to the Bad.  it was customary to mix Tea, Coffee,  Sherbet, Lemonade, Kggnog, Artillery  Punch, Flzzerine and Straight Goods until the Happy New Year looked like a  scrambled Rainbow and the last Caller  was Sozzled.  Tobe used to go out every New Year's  Day to meet the Good-Lookers and fuss  around with them, for those were his  Salad Days. He made it a Combination  Salad and philandered with about Seven  before he took the Brg Risk and bought  a home with a Mortgage Attachment and  Settled   Down.-  Then the Hopp} New Year began to have  an entirely. New  meaning.  He drew a Red Maik around Jan. 1, for  ���that was a,: Day when he had to make  the Books balance and take up some big  Note that was hanging over him like a  Storm  Cloud.r  His usual Plan for celebrating the  Happy. New . Year was to sit in lhs Office  figuring-on how to trim the Pay-Roil and  sneak up Selling Prices and keep out of  the Sheriff's Hands for another Twelve  Months.  But the Time came when Tobias could  take out a Pencil on Dec. 31 and compute  a Net Profit big enough to 2111 a Furniture  Van.  To-all Intents and Purposes he had come  to the High Ground where he could afford to sit down for awhile and enjoy  the Scenery.  He certainly possessed all the Accessories of a Happy New Year.  He had a Bank Roll and a House on the  Boulevard and a Wife who was slowly  but surely worming her Way into Society.  He had a Son attending a high-priced  University and gradually accumulating an  Oxford Accent, while his Daughter was at  a School which used the French Novel as  a  Text  Book.  So, after all these Years of Struggling,  Tobias knew what it was to have a genuinely Happy New Year.  For when  the Children came Home  for  the Holiday Vacation the busy Mrs. Tobias   gave  a   big   Dancing  Party   on   New.  Year's Eve, to say nothing of a couple off  Luncheons and a Formal Dinner.  At these glittering Functions the Family  did what it could to keep Tobias in the  Background, for while he was a Corker  when it came to doing a Fountain Pen  Specialty with a Check Book, he was a  Frosted Turnip when chucked into a .  Suit costing $100 , and put down in a Marie  Antoinette Apartment with a lot of Chaun-  ceys who had been educated in the East.  He  celebrated   the ^Glad   New   Year   by  standing around in Doorways and looking  mournfully at the LIght-Weights who were "  doing the Cotillion and each of them having the Time of his Life.  He   saw   his   Wife   Hobnoblng   with   a-r  Human  PIckeral,   whose  only  Excuse  for  Being ore Earth was that he looked, well in  Evening Clothes.  Daughter   was   dancing   with   a   lovely''  Specimen  of  the  night-blooming  Rounder,  and Son was passing Cigarettes.    And no  one was pajing any attention to the Provider. '  So he made a quiet Retreat to his own  Room and had a Glass of Milk sent up and  read the Market Report and managed to  put In a Pleasant Evening after all seeing the Old One out and the New One ln.  Moral: One New Year is just about as  Happy as another. J,  >',*������>���  ���*'$m  :>aA  ���I  .1  ���""SI  , "**   --!l  >*��**"���   {f'i  ���w --ml  * VfVMl  KK^KXKKUXKKKK>��>00000��]&0����-^  D. J. ROBERTSON & CO, I  Furniture  and  Funeral  8 Directors  _.- , ji-*r  PARLOR SETS our specialty this week.. A 5-plece Walnut Frame, No. 1 Valours, all odd colors; no two pieces alike; *  trimmed ln silk plush with silk cords, good gimps and-first  class   springs.  PARLOR SET, $19.00 PER SUITE.  Our Undertaking department  Mr. Clark.  Day Phone No. 292. , .'   -  Night Phone No. 142.  is  under  the  direction ��� of  BAKER STREET.  300  90  no  25  20  Total for 1902 (wet tons)  .336,800  SHEIWFF'S SALE.  Province   of   British     Columbia,     Nelson,  West   Kootenay.   To   wit:  By virtue of a writ of Fieri Facias issued out of the Supreme Court of British  Columbia, at the suit of Harvey M.  Paulson, plaintiff, and to me directed  against the goods and chattels of James  Beaman, John Hendryx, D. Nichols and  Christ Kruger In the mineral claim  known as and called Pearl, situate about  fifty-five miles from Kaslo, on the Upper  Duncan river between Duncan creek and  Bear creek, being a relocation of the  Beecher mineral claim, located on the 16th  day of May, 1899, and recorded in the office  of the mining recorder for the Ainsworth  mining division of the West Kootenay  District on the 1st day of June, 1899; to  recover the sum of six hundred and twenty  dollars and thirty-nine cenls $022.39) and  also interest on six hundred and eighteen  dollars and eighty-nine cents ($618.89) at  five per centum per annum from the 15th  day of December, 1902, until payment, besides sheriff's poundage, officer's fees, and  all other legal incidental expenses; all of  which 1 shall expose for sale, or sufficient  thereof to satisfy said judgment debt and  costs, at my offlce, next to the court house  In the City of Nelson, B.C., on Thursday,  the 15th day of January, 1903, at the hour  of twelve o'clock noon.  NOTE���Intending purchasers will satisfy  themselves as to interest and title of the  said -defendants.  Dated at Nelson, B. C, 2nd January,  3903. S.  P.  TUCK,  Sheriff  of   South   Kootenay.  SEWING- MACHINES  AND PIANOS  FOR RENT AND FOR SALE  Old Curiosity Shop, Joseph ina Si, Nelson  | D. J. ROBERTSON & CO. I  **+**+**���******************** ********** ******************************** * * ������������ ������>+����������  j Nelson Saw and Planing Mills, Limited, j  \      Lumber, Lath, Sash, Doors, Mouldings, and all kinds of  : Factory Work.  t    KILN-DRIED LUMBER FOR THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY TRADE A SPECIALTY.  ���** _ **v*^-Av.r  f- I  Ml  '*'.  COAST FLOORING AND CEILING KEPT IN  STOCK  Office and Mills at Foot of Hall Street,  NELSON,  B.C.  ********* +++*+***+** *+***+-*4 *******+*****+******++****** **** ******************** 99*.  HARRY H. WARD  w Insurance  MINES AND  REAL ESTATE  Baker  Stree  Nelson,   B.   C.  Bpydges, Blakemore & Cameron, L'd  REAL ESTATE AND  GENERAL AGENTS  JOSEPHINE 8T.  NELSON. B. C  PROSSER'S SECOND HAND  ���  STORE AND CHINA HALL, COMBINED  Is th'e place to "rubber" before sending;  back East for anything:.  We buy, soil, or rent, or store anything  from a. safety pin to a beef trust,  Western  Canadian  Employment  Agency  In connection.  Baker street, west, next door to C. P. R.  Ticket Office.  F.  O.   Box  588.      Phone  261A.  P. BURNS * CO.  whoks^^Retan j^eaf Merchants  Head Office and Cold Storage Plant at Nelson.  Branch Markets at Kaslo, Ymir, Sandon, Silverton, Revelstoke, New  Denver, Cascade, Trail, Grand Poiks, Greenwood, Midway, Phoenix,  Rossland, Slocan City, Moyie, Cranbrooke, Fernie and Macleod.  Nelson Branch Market, Burns Block, Baker Street.  Orders by mail to any Branch will receive prompt and careful attention.  West Kootenay  Butcher Co.  Fresh and Salted Meats  Fish and Poultry in Season  Orders by Mall receive Careful and  'rompt, Attention  E.C. TRAVES, ManaKer, K.-W-C. Hilt  Nelson  GEO. M. GUNN  Maker  of  First-class  Hand-made  Boots  and Shoes.     Ward Street, next new Post-  office Building*, Nelson, B. C.  Repairing    Neatly    and    Promptly    Done  Satisfaction Guaranteed ln all Work  NKLSON MINERS' UNION, NO. 96, W. P.  M.���Meets every Saturday evening: at 7.30  o'clock, In Miners' Union Hall, northwest  corner Baker and Stanley streets. Wagre  scale for Nelson district: Machine  miners, $3.60; hammersmen, $3.25; mine  laborers, $3. Thomas Roynan, president;  Prank Phillips, secretary. vVlsltln-f  brethern cordially invited. The Nelson Tribune  The H. J. Ashdown Hardware Go.   LIMITED ���  IMPORTERS AND DEALERS  SHELF AND HEAVY  IN  HARDWARE  Fire Brick, Fire Clay, Portland Cement, T-Rails, Ore Cars, Sheet  Steel, Crescent, Canton and Jessop's Drill Steel.  Tinware and Graniteware.   Stoves and Ranges.  BAKER ST. NELSON  B.C.  COST  SCOTT'S   EMULSION  ' OF    COD   LIVER  OIL  Small Size 40c Large Size 80c  BAKER STREET  S/*++*0klfi+AA+AAAA+��+  Having4 decided to give lip the retail department of our drug trade, from the  30th of November we have done only a  cash business. We would ask our customers owing .accounts, to kindly settle  these up at an early, date.  W. F. TEETZEL & CO.  ��*&s8v;*5S  yfry&y.���*:_.> ;���';���?-���  m^^-}^-.Ci'/ ���/���������'  fc-^r.fis^T'-'^'rir  fee  ISSN ':  Boys' Suits  JA8. A. GILKER  V*/******************/****^^  First   Shipment  Japanese Oranges, 85c per box. Fine  Navel Oranges, all sizes. Choice  Lemons. New Season Mixed Nuts,  Table Raisins and Smyrna Figs.  A few Dinner Sets and Fancy Pieces  of Crockery left.  J-/t KIRKPATRICK & OO^tlMITEDr  **^<VV^/V^VVV^V>VV^VVM-'<->''''*A*>--''--'*>'*'^^  STARKEY & CO.,  WHOLES-HE   PfrOV'SIONS,  PRODUCE AND FRUITS.  R. A. Rogers & Co, Ltd , Winnipeg.  HEPRESEflTlNC -| jl. K. Fair bank Co.,     -    Montreal.  Simcoe Canning Co., -   -   Simcoe.  Ofiioe and Warehouse,  Josephine Street,  NELSON, B. C.  ���������������������������������������������-�������������������������������� .......������������ ���������������������������������������������������������  ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  ������ ������  is-'  fo:  ��� ���':  ��� ���  ��� ���'  ��� ���  ��� ���  �����  ��� ���  ��� ���  ���'���  ��� ���  ���2  ��� ���  ::  ������  ������  ������  Facts arid Philosophy jj  From  Jacob Dover  The Jeweler  i My   stock'.of  watches  and   diamonds  is  ' enormous. I have the resources, talents  [ and experience for supplying these goods  , in a manner that admits of neither loss  ' nor dissatisfaction to our customers. I  ' buy largely because I sell largely. Large  , buying makes low selling possible and  eceonomy ln expenses makes it still more  possible while still preserving a high standard of quality at the same  time. My holiday stock is ready and it was never better in my recollection. -Here are some specialties.  Diamonds   and   all   kinds   of precious  stones;  Ladies' rings, brooches and bracelets,  watches,  links,  lockets and- neck  chains.  Manicure  and   toilet  sets   to suit   everybody.  Sterling silver novelties  of ail kinds.  Sterling hollow  ware.  My  stock  i.s  complete  and   I want you all to call and inspect it.  Engraving not exceeding three letters will be done free of charge.  Mail and express orders have our prompt atention.  JACOB DOVER,  Nelson, B.C. The Jeweler  �����  ��� a  MORLEY fe CO.  Whole-ale and Retail  Booksellers  Stationers  And  Artists' Materials  Engineering and Mining  Books  Typewriters  Mimeographs  Photographic Supplies  Musical Instruments  Morley & Co., Nelson, B.C.  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������a  : GALT COAL.  AND WOOD OF ALL KINDS  Terms Spot Cash  W. P. TIERNEY,  Telephone 285 Baker Street  ���   Telephone 265 Baker Street   ���  ��� ������������.:���  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������A*  THE TOWN AND DISTRICT  Private advices from Montreal are that  it Is not improbable that the piece of road  between Kootenay Landing and Procter  will be built the coming summer. The  distance is 35 miles and the work is heavy.  The Daily News printed a very creditable  paper on the first day of the year. The  extra space was devoted to a review of  mining operations in the districts in  southeastern British Columbia.  Hereafter the Ymir mine will be handled  form the town of Ymir, as the management has passed from the' hands of the  London & B. C. Goldflelds, Limited. The  new manager will probably, make several  changes at the mine.'-  Thomas nilkinson of Pence, Assiniboia,  was in.Nelson this week visiting relatives.  Mr. Wilkinson is a general merchant and  dealer in lumber, and when in Cranbrook  "on his way to Nelson placed an order for  20  carloads  of  lumber.  During 1902 new buildings and alterations  to buildings were made in- Nelson at a  cost of about $100,000. .The largest expenditures were on the postoffice building, drill hall, and the" alterations made  to the Houston block by its owner W. JR.  Seatle.  Nelson can be fairly proud of its public  school. Last July Nelson ranked first,  and again ranks first in examinations for  entrance to high schools. Of 12 sent in  from Nelson, 10 passed, and all ranked  high, there being less than 100 marks dif-  J. A. Kirkpatriek & Go.  LIMITED.  Degin ir)  Gladness  Good advice from Wordsworth and which  we apply to those who are looking for the  most satisfactory grades in family grocer! �����.  You can thus begin the New Year with  our famous  Special  Blend Tea  AND  ferenee between the highest and the lowest  of the ten who were successful. The successful candidates for the high school and  their marks were as follows: Paul Richards 7-4, Nellie Lackey 719, William Swannell 693, John T. Holmes ��90, Roy Harris  64S, Pearl McGregor (HI, Irene Madigan 637,  Lottie McVicar ��2S. Paul Richards, being  the most proficient pupil in the public  school, won a handsome watch as a prize,  Jacob Dover being the donor. Paul is 12  years of age.  .The 4nen employed on outside work  at the West Kootenay Power & Light  Company's plant on Kootenay river, 10  miles beyow Nelson, have struck because  their wages were reduced from $3 to $2.50  per day.  The Nelson Trades & Labor Council will  hold a regular meeting on Tuesday night.  One of the question up for consideration  is how best to legislate to improve the  condition of the silver-lead mining industry.  Secretary Phillips of the Nelson Miners'  Union received word yesterday that a  miner named AVilliam Checwedded was  seriously injured by an explosion while  working in, a mine shaft at Kimberley.  A doctor was summoned and he says the  injured man will lose the sight of both  eyes.. He was taken to the hospital at  Cranbrook.  The bodies of all but two of the men who:  lost their lives in the Molly Gibson mine  snowslide have been recovered, and the relief party, sent up from Nelson has returned. The mine management, through  Bruce White, one'of the.directors, ordered  an undertaking firm at Nelson to prepare  all the bodies for burial, but through nondelivery of the order, a portion of the expense   was  borne   by   relatives.  S. A. Kelly, and his able representative  G. 11. Hawthorne, are making a success of  the Kootenay Cigar Company. The company makes three brands, nemely, Royal  Seal, Little Gem, and Kootenay Belle, all  of wnich are popular. These -cigars are  made by men who have- the right to have  the blue union label pasted on every box  of cigars sold, and they should be given  the preference over cigars made in the  East.  Grange V. Holt, who was manager of the  Bank of British Columbia and the Canadian Bank of-Commerce at Nelson for nine  years, but who is now manager of the  Canadian Bank of Comerce at Seattle, is  in Nelson arranging his affairs so that he  can remove to Seattle permanently.. He  says Seattle's business interests are in the  hands of enterprising, progressive men,  and that it will not be their fault if Seattle does not outrank San Francisco in  commercial importance. Mr. Holt says it  took him a little time to get the run of the  business handled by the bank at Seattle,  as advances on sawlogs and shingle bolts  and canned salmon must be sized up different from advances on silver-lead bullion and copper matte and ore. The Canadian Bank of; Commerce at Seattle handled  about half of the total output of the  Klondike min'ds last year. Mr. Holt will  be in Nelson for a week.  A. H. Buchanan, manager of the Bank  of Montreal at Nelson, -arrived in Nelson  on December 29th, 1891, and opened the  bank's branch on January 1st, 1S92. During the eleven years that have since  elapsed Mr. Buchanan has been in closer  touch *wlth the business interests of Nelson and the country tributary to Nelson  than any other one man. His opinion of  the business situation now and prospects  for the near future should carry weight.  Asked for an opinion he is reported as  saying: "Considering everything, 1 think  that business is now in a healthier and  better shape' than at a corresponding date  twelve months ago. Taken as a whole, the  merchants of the city are in better circumstances than they were then. Comparing 1902 with 1901, business was much  the same as regards volume, and if anything there was an increase in deposits.  There is no reason to doubt but that the  lnco_rnlng_>:ear_will_see_a_steady_improye__  ment. There- have been two years of depression in mining conditions, and the indications are that these, conditions will  change for the better before very long.  Nelson has no reason  to complain."  _ * imw* ^m^m* ^^m0 *^_^��* **^k^**^_^^ *^_b- 939^0- ^K^^^B^^ ^_^_*<^E^_* ^_^_*^H^_* S^hfc" mt^^ ^_^_-^E^_^ ^_^_>>2_^_* ^H^_~^_b_J ^l^_^^_^_* _____ ^���_. ��� _  Montgomery's  w  to  1903  1903  it/  it/  to  to  to  High Class Confections jj  it/  it/  it/  tt/  Our factory has been running night and day with increased staff of help  all fall making up every variety of delicacy in the Confectionery line.  Our.stock is now the most complete in the Kootenays. The excellence of  our goods have built up a demand for them in every part of the Kootenay  country.  Our Mr. Montgomery's reputation as a first-class confectioner of many  years' experience is known far and near.  The grandest display of choice Candies ever shown in Nelson, all our own  manufacture. Choicest Bonbons, Chocolate Creams, Caramels, French Burnt  Almonds, Cream Dates, Preserved Ginger .Chocdlate., Crystalized Ginger,  Maple Creams, Nongotmes, Candy Toys, Candy Canes. Mixed Chocolates in  one-pound Fancy Boxes a specialty.   Candies from 15c per pound up.  French Crystalized Fruits, California Grapes, Nuts and Fruits of all kinds.  Preserved Ginger in the Syrup, as imported, sold in bulk.  to  to  to  to  to  to  it/  to  Montgomery Company  Next to P. Burns & Co.  Baker Street, Nelson  to  to  to  to  to  '***   m0<���9i-00' 00' 00   00- 00' 00' im*' 00' ���*'���*'(���*���!���ffjIfr^St. ^"^_-^-^^���^5jj-!.J'^jS���?^./'^^������^^  jgfr**  MUNICIPAL POLITICS  (Continued  From First  Page.)  and rave when the names of men against  whom they have a personal grudge are  mentioned in connection with civic or  provincial politics seldom have much  weight in a community, and Nelson is  not an exceptional community in that  respect. The opponents of the Progressive People's Party will probably  bring out candidates for mayor and aldermen, but the only names mentioned on  the streets yesterday were those of  mayor Fletcher, who it was said was  willing to again make the race for  mayor, and alderman Selous and alderman Hamilton, who might be induced  to again run for aldermen in the West  ward.  The Progressive People's Party will  have a full ticket in the field 'for aldermen in both wards, in order that the  people will have a chance to prove  that they meant what they said in passing the electric light loan by-law.  There will be four school trustees  elected, in addition to the mayor and  aldermen. It is possible that there will  be no contest. Although A. L. McKillop  says he does not care to serve longer,  he probably can be induced to serve  another term, as he is admitted to'be  one of the best men'on the board. J.  H. Wallace has announced that he will  be a candidate. George Johnstone would  probably serve, but will not make a contest for the position. DivE. C. Arthur,  who is also a one-year director, no  doubt, is willing to serve another term.  These four men should be generally  acceptable to .the electors.  w  ito  ito  to  *  ito  ito  ito  ito  ito  ito  to  to  ito  to  to  ft  *���&  ALL THOSE  WHO DEAL WITH  US ONCE DO SO  AGAIN, AS WHAT  WE SELL IS  1      FIRST=CLASS  Excelsior  Coffee  j piank Books I  SMITH CURTIS A MARPLOT.  Eastern public opinion onthe question  of increasing the duties on lead and lead  manufactures is being influenced by the  circulation broadcast of speeches purported to have been delivered before  influential public meetings in Kootenay  by Smith Curtis of Rossland, and that  these speeches reflect public opinion in  Kootenay. The views of Smith. Curtis  on the lead question no more represent  public opinion in Kootenay than do his  views on any other question. His views  represent the views of one E. B. Kirby,  who manages the War Eagle and Centre  Star goldfcptpper manes at Rossland,  mines owned by Gooderham & Black-  stock, ~of -Toronto.���The���member "for  Kootenay in the Dominion house of  commons, W. A. Galliher, esquire, who  is now in Ottawa, represents the views  of the people of Kootenay on the question at issue, and he will be backed up  by delegates selected by the silver-lead  mine owners and the boards of trade.  Smith Curtis is a mere marplot.  For the  flew  Year  J. A; Kirkpatriek & Co.  LIMITED.  j) ������������������������������������������ ���������������������������� 9 99* .........a..9 9. .... ��� ���������������<**������  #��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������#��  5 Per Cent Gold Bonds  A Cood investment For  Pruden,. People  The economical buyers admit that five  per cent gold bonds are not in lt in  values when compared with the saving  made, by purchasing goods from the undersigned.  Another shipment of Silver Spoon "Tea  received.  Morrison & Caldwell  GROCERS  Phone 134 Tremont Block,  Baker  St  Not many business people but  have one or two new Blank Books  -.at the opening of the year.  It may be a full set of books; it  may be a new cash book, or only  only a 5c memorandum.  We Have Them All  We buy direct from tho maker.  That saves the middleman's profit.  Wo give you the advantage of that  saving. : 3  j ���  We Sell Office and  PocKet Diaries Too  Canada Drug & Book  Company. Limited  NELSON.  THE VOTERS' LIST.  The city clerk has placed the voters'  list in the hands of the printer, W. H.  Jones securing the job as the lowest  tenderer. The Tribune has no information as to either the number of property  owners on the list or the number who  made declarations as householders. In  Victoria, all this information was given  to the press the minute the last declaration was handed in. The law as it now  stands reads:  Section 9.    In city municipalities the  list of voters shall be prepared by the  clerk of the municipality, and shall be  closed on or  before the    fifth day of  January of the year in which nominations are made, and within three days  after the closing thereof the clerk of  the. municipality shall certify such list  to be correct, and shall cause the same  to be printed,    ten or more of which  printed lists shall he posted in conspicuous public places in the municipality.  Secton 11.    In city municpalties, the  police magistrate  of the city,  or any  judge of the supreme or county court,  is hereby empowered to hear and determine cases when it is, alleged, after the  voters' list has been-certifled as correct  by the clerk of the municipality, that  any person's name has been improperly  omitted from or placed on the voters'  list; and the clerk of the municipality  is hereby authorized to add to or strike  from the voters' list the name, of any  person whom the police magistrate or  judge   decides is or is not entitled to  vote, on receipt of such order from the  police magistrate or judge.  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  D.  McArthur & Co.  Furniture Dealers  m # $��3a3  %  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  ito  to  to  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  0%  SPUDS  ^AND FOBKS S^DS  Ju.t Received a Carload  $1.25   PER   CWT.  1\\q Finest Ever Brought to Kelson  J. A.  Houston Block, Nelson,  IRVING & CO.  Groceries and Provisions  MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS 1903  ��� ��������������������������������<-�����������������������������<>���������  *' MANY BEVERAGES  are jo vastly* improved by the added richness imparted by the use of Borden's  Eagle Brmid Condensed Milk. The Eagle  brand is prepared from the milk--of herds  of well fed, housed, groomed cows of native breeds. Every can is tested and Is  therefore reliable.  THE MAYORALTY  TO THB ELECTORS OP NELSON���  Ladies and Gentlemen: At the solicitation of a large number of the electors  of the city I have consented to become a  candidate for mayor at the coming municipal election.  I favor the construction of the power  plant at as early a date as. possible and  only upon plans approved by electrical and  hydraulic engineers of more than local  reputation. . If the site applied for on  Kootenay river cannot be obtained,' immediate steps, must be made to secure some  other available site.  I favor the extension of the sewers and  water works as required, and think, that  the road making plant should be put into  service to improve the condition of such  streets as Vernon/ Victoria and Ward.  I believe that every department of the  city service should be carried on as  economically, as is consistent:; with efficiency. .-.,���;>  -If elected I shall do everything' in my  power to further the best Interests of the  City   of   Nelson.  WILLIAM O.  ROSE.  January 2nd, 1903.  ANNOUNCEMENT.  To  the  Electors of Nelson:    I  respectfully announce myself as a candidate for  school  trustee  at  the election  to  be  held  on  the 15th  instant.  J. H. WALLACE.  Nelson,   January  2nd,   1903.  ALL SEAMEN  know the comforts of having on hand a  supply of Borden's Eagle Brand .Condensed Milk. It can be used so agreeably  for cooking, in coffee, tea and chocolate.  Lay In a supply for all kinds of cxepdi-  tlons.   Avoid unknown brands.  Silver King Hotel  BAKER   STREET,   NELSON.  Under Old Management.  RATES $1.00 A DAT.  The Dining room Is unsurpassed and tho  bedrooms are the best ln Nelson. Tho  bar is stocked with good wines and liquors  and cigars.  NOTICE.  Notice is hereby given that at the next  session of the Legislative Assembly of  British Columbia, application will be made  by. the Vernon & Nelson Telephone Company, for an Act to amend ito Act of Incorporation authorizing the Company,  among other things, to divide dts share  capital into Ordinary and Preferred Shares;  to increase its borrowing powers; to purchase, lease, take over, or otherwise acquire the property, franchises, rights, and  powers of any other Company having similar objects to the said Company; and to  extend its operations to all parts of the  Province.  DOUGLAS   CREIGHTON,  Secretary of tke Company.  it  I  j  !  T

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