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The Nelson Tribune 1903-01-10

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 \s  ��tribune  Saturday Morning, January 10, 1905  CIVIG   POLITICS ARE   NOW   INTERESTING  NELSON  PEOPLE  TO  A GREAT EXTENT  DR. ROSE WILL BE OPPOSED BY W. W. BEER FOR MAYOR AND WILL DEFEAT HIM EASILY  At the first election held in Nelson, in  April, 1S97, the men who supported the  ticket headed    by    John Houston  for  mayor were classed as "hoboes" by the  element    who    opposed    Houston.    At  every election since the same-cry has  been laised by the same element. Today  after caucusing for weeks behind closed  doors  this  element  have  but  one expression of opinion and it is made up of  two words: "Down Houston1"   Is it any  wonder that such an elempnt has no  strength with the people'   Defeated repeatedly in their attempts to turn over  the  city's  electnc  lighting  system   to  the West Kootenay Power & Light Company,  this  element    are    "dead  sore"  against the mon who  fiustialed them  They  now  pietend   to   be   in  favor  of  electing a power plant,  but somehow  all the men they achreb  push forward  for  candidates  are  notoriously  hostile  to any such proposition." Last year the  same   stand   was   taken.    Then   ticket,  headed by Frank Fletcher, piofpssed to  be in favor of municipal owneiship of  public utilities; but how many of them  were so'honestly"    Mayor Fletcher,  by  his every vote and action, has shown  that he is not     Aldeiman  Selou*. has  followed the lead ot Fletcher  Alderman  Hamilton cast eveiy \ote that he could  cast in the council    against    municipal  ownership These men would have aieai  grievance weic The Tribune to chaige  them with  insinceiity,   but their voles  in the council is pi oof of their insinceiity     "Win  then should the people ol  Nelson select for members of the city  council men who have <*liown themselves  to be opposed to a pnnciple on which  the people have made an emphatic decimation'    Ts it good  policy to put an  opponent of. a measuie in a position to  cany out that measuie?   Decidedly not  The people    have    declaied  that they  Want the city to he entuely independent  of the West Kootenay Power & Light  Company, and have given   Ihe council  the    means    to    acquire independence  Then, they should enfoice then decollations by electing a mayor and six aldermen  who aie    honestly m  favor  ot  earning out the wishes ol the people-  No such man-has attended any of the  caucuses of the element whose campaign  ,cry is "DOWN HOUSTON'"% As Houston is not a candidate -for office, their  campaign   ciy   is   extremely  silly,  and  shows that personal hate has moie influence with them than desire for good  .government. ,, *,        -Jt  The Progiessi*ve People's Paity was  organized to carry the electric light loan  bylaw, and has had a committee room  open for a month All its meetings  have been open to the public, and no  caucuses ha\e been held behind closed  doors. The pnnciples or policy of the  paity are well known, and ate defined  in the following platfoim  PROGRESSIVE PEOPLE'S PARTY  PLATFORM.  The adoption of the Electuc Light  Loan By-Law on December 17th, 1902,  was a mandate from the owners of leal  property in Nelson, and as a party, we  require f;om all the candidates of the  party a pledge, individually and collec  tively,  to do the    following .things  if  electe'd to office, namely:  FIRST. To install at as early a date  as practicable, at a suitable site, a power  plant that will place Nelson in an independent position to supply both electric light and power.  SECOND. To adopt business methods  for the collection of th'e large sums due  the city for an ears of real estate taxes  and other revenue, and for tho more  piompt collection of taxes, rates, rentals, and licenses, to the end that there  shall be smaller sums paid out annually  for interest on overdrafts at the bank.  THIRD. Veinon, Ward, Victoria and  other streets are in need of improvements, and every dollar possible should  lie spent in that dnection.  FOURTH If any public work is done  by contract, the contract shall contain  a fair wage clause ,as this is a piinciple  that is recognized by both the dominion  and provincial governments, and has  always been recognized by the coipora-  tion of Nelson.  FIFTH. Wherever possible, reasonable preference shall be given to local  men, both as to employment on public  works, and in the purchase of supplies,  as well as in the awarding of contracts.  SIXTH. The tenure of employment  of all city employees shall depend  solelv on efficiency, but no employee  shall be retained whose services can be  dispensed with, and all salanes shall  be based on the "value of the seivices  actually perfoi med  Tlie candidates of the party subscribed to the platfoim, and it elected the  people will know exact!** what to expect  trom them. The candidates so fai announced aie  For Mayor  DR.   WILLIAM   0.   ROSE.  For   Aldeimen,   East   Ward,  ALDERMAN  JOHN  A.   IRVING,  ALDERMAN CHRIS MORRISON  FRED H.  SMITH.'  For Aldeimen, West Ward  CAPTAIN D.   C.~ McMORRIS  ~ - - ,    DAVID  MACKAY.' _ _  The~tlmd candidate for.this wardhas  not yet been announced, fiut.will be  today.    -  The candidate for mayor has liad no  experience as an official, but he has  ability and foice of character, two qualities that havo been lacking -iruscnic of*  Nelson's mayors. He is popular, as a,  physician, and populaiity is not looked  on as an element of weakness befoie  election day. All the indications aie  that Dr. Rose will be elected by a majority of 100 over his opponent.  The candidates for aldermen in the  East ward are all well known. Alderman Irving has served two straight  terms in the council, and has stood up  for the party that sent him to the council, and for doing so he has been traduced by the element that are opposing  the power plant scheme. But the approval of that element would he the  woist certificate of character a candidate could have. Alderman Mornson  like alderman Irving, has seived two  years in the council, and like him, he  has the' enmity of the West Kootenay  Power & Light Company element.0 Both  Morrison and Irving are successful business men, and the majority of the people of the East ward have confidence  in them. The third candidate is Fred  H.Smith, agent of the Dominion Express  Company. Mr. Smith has had no experience as an official, but he is levelheaded. He can neither be coerced nor  flattered. When the bumptious opposition element have run up against him,  they have always found a man who did  not hesitate to say "yes" or "no." He  is nol a trimmer, and is not anxious to  be in the "best society."  In the West ward, captain D. C McMorris of the C. P. R steamer Moyie  is one of the candidates To be a  steamboat captain is evidence of ability,  and captain McMorris is credited with  having that quality He ran last yeai  for aldeiman, but was defeated thiough  the'flyst ��� that the list in that ward had  been very carefully "nursed" in the  interest of mayor Fletcher,.- The captain  is a sure winner this year, however, even  though he is averse to' making a personal campaign.; David MacKay another  candidate, is a C. P. R. conductor. He  has lived in Kootenay for ten years or  more, and now runs between Nelson  and Midway. He is popular with railway men, and as railway men are a good  percentage of Nelson's population, they  expect "Dave" to represent them In this  year's council, and their expectations  will be duly respected. , The third candidate cannot be announced in this issue  of The Tribune, hut he will be a man  who has served in the council.  As a whole ,the ticket is a good one,  made up, as it is, of men without frills  No one of them is running on false pretences. All have supported by then  votes and influence every effort that has  been made to render Nelson independent in carrying on its electric lighting  business. None of them have "pets"  that must be given positions in the city  service: The interests of Nelson will be  best served by the election of all six of  the above-named gentlemen to office on  Thursday next.  THE "DOWN HOUSTON" TICKET  Late last night, the element whose  battle cry is "Down Houston" agreed  on the following tickets  For Mayor���W. W. Beer.  For    Aldermen,   East   Ward���George  W.   Bartlett,   W.  *G.  Glllett,  C   E  Miller.  For Aldermen,  West Ward ���  Harold Selous,  John Hamilton  and H. Bird.  Mr. Beer is not to be compared with  Dr. Rose as far as ability goes, and he  will be snowed under. The Beer candidates for aldermen in the East ward do  not stand any chance of election, and  why they were placed in the field is.unexplalnable. In the West ward Mr.  Beer's candidates hope to be elected.  Two of them have made a record in the  council for sticking to mayor Fletcher  on all occasions. The third, Mr. Bird,  is an untried man.  UL'gJill"--ju" I'Miff,  -war.;;.. ���^T9j^;iK  'S'-ii ��---a'-'���"*  ' <->ty' "'"  i ht: <_i_ui*cu of England and its pastor, rev f u graham  TALKING ELECTION.  Slocan Drill, 9th. "Spasms of unrest  are being manifested  aniong the politicians  in what will be the new  liding of Slocan. It is  confidently believed the  Pi lor government is  doomed to an early  defeat and that a dissolution of the house  aviII follow, with an  election three months  thereafter. The election  will be held under the  new redistribution bill  and an earnest effort  will be made to have  the contest throughout  the province waged on  federal party lines. The  Slocan nding will be  accorded a separate  member and his jurisdiction will embrace  the    towns of Nakusp,  ' Cody, Three Forks,  Rosebery, New Denver,  Siheiton and Winlaw's  Willi the cities of Sandon and Slocan  "There are assiduous  rumois of possible candidates in sight for the  guts,    tones and inde-  j pendents  ��� several   of  ! the* aspirants having  been doing some quiet  missionary work for a  little time p'ast. Nakusp, S_lvert,on, New  Denvei and Sandon are  each credited with har-  bonng embryo legislators, men who believe  in  seeking    the    offlce  ���iather than the offlce  seeking them. Once in  a while reports of these  things i each this burg,  but so far nothing  tangible has developed  "The pecuhai lty of  the situation is that  Slocan is not taken into  consideration as possessing any talent capable of participating in  the tun This end of  the lake is by no means  of the constituency, and  an unimportant section  it should not be content  to play second fiddle to  the fellows in the other  camps. It should strive  to    nistle  a  candidate  for itself and one that will prove a  winner. Any political appointments*  heretofore made have passed over Slocan, and one would think this burg had  neither brains nor influence. It is up  to the local men to prove a contrary  story and they might just as well plug  for their own nominee, as to lend their  assistance in boosting for other burgs.  All the towns have a selfish interest in  view and they can't deny it���tory, grit,  P. P. P. or socialist���get really stuck  for fighting material, why Slocan can  fill the bill.   She may, anyway; see!"  -*~.l  ������   ���J>f\  ?\ I  -f  i  *- -   T t *_ I  '?l  A NEVADA NEWSPAPER.  A copy of the Tonopah Bonanza, "a  weekly newspaper printed at Butler,  Nye county, Nevada, was received by  The Tribune this week. Butler Is the  main town in the Tonopah mining'dis- -���  trict, a district that was booming last  spring and which drew mining men  from all over the country. John McKane ,  of Rossland is operating there along  with John M. Burke. Dr. Edward Bowes  of Rossland is also there, and is practicing his profession. The Bonanza is *  a nicely gotten up newspaper, and much  of its advertising space is used by  dealeis in wet goods. One of the advertisements shows how taxes are collected in the state of Nevada. In a  notice dated December 20th, 1902, Thos.  Warburton, county auditor of Nye  county, gives Ihe names of persons  whose taxes for the year 1902 are delinquent, also the amount of their taxes.  In another notice bearing the same date,  W. A. Atwell, county treasurer and ex-  officio tax receiver, gives the names of  delinquents, a description of the pro^s "  perty, the assessed value of the property^  the amount of the taxes, ^the" cps-^fov^ ,v.  advertising and , other - j)enaltle_"jvand,'ft|^^  states that the property --will be sold'on "- djTM  the 19th day of January, 1903, ifr the - Y_j*5|  taxes', are not paid before that'date. "If _v**:.*'>**  sold on that date," owners, -have/ six'," ~-*J"$~vg  months in which to redeem, hut they ' *v_-S>j  must pay in addition to the taxes and.- ". $,*, %k  penalties, 3 per cent a month on*-,"the<.-,.-~^J|f  amount. It is needless to'say-that'the^^p^  taxes In Nevada are paid morCpromptly *&%$!&!��jk  than they are in British.Columbia/,InVVf'fc^l  Nelson alone, over $20,000 real estate* w*'''  taxes are delinquent, and money- must"  be borrowed from the Bank of-Montreal'  to meet the debts that are supposed to  be paid by real estate taxes.  < *as!_  *-*'#l  * ~!i  C R rooley. *n ho was nn employee in  the Canadian Bank ot Commeice at Skagway when It was wrecked by dynamite  by a daylight robber. Is now teller in the  bank's, branch al Nelson He has had a*  holiday since the Skagway incident, but  can now count out money without becoming  i.ittled .  yesterday R. Huggard, a. trapper who  makes his headquarters at Pilot Bay and  traps through the St Mary's River country, sold James A Gilker 41 marten skins  and 3 beaver skins Seveial of the marten  skins were or the flr-st quality and brought  as high as $S The lot leallzed the owner  nearly   $200  * 'Sl  <** km  :. m  IF YOU WOULD BE SUCCESSFUL IN MINING VENTURES YOU MUST BEI PRACTICAL  "Many people object to mining on the [  grounds that it savors loo much of a j  gambling proposition, that is, has too  many elements of chance connected  with it But that is enoncous. Mining  is as legitimate a business as the mercantile or any other a man may engage  in, and requires the same qualities to  insure success. Practical' knowledge,  experience, j'udgment, care and industry  are all necessary as in every occupation. The man who possesses and utilizes those qualities will succeed in mining, otherwise the chances are against  him.  The great mistake made in many instances arises from the fact that, too  many people think no experience is necessary to extract the ore from the  ground and tho mineral from the "ore.  This may be true to a certain extent  on such fields as the Klondike, where  the gold is coarse and in placer formation, though even there the ground was  in many cases so imperfectly worked  that half of the precious metal was lost;  and practical minors ��re now making  more out of what was supposed to be  worked out ground than the original  locators did.  The theory of mining as taught in  school hooks is all very well and maybe of considerable aid to a man in gaining practical knowledge, but the latter  is essential to success. I have no^hesi-  tation in affirming that hundreds ft  valuable mining properties, on this  coast, as elsewhere, have been condemned or ruined by the mismanagement of college-bred men who had the  whole theory of mining and metallurgy  as taught in schools, at their finger ends  but were deficient. in practical work.  Space will not permit me to say one-  half that this important subject merits,  so I will merely relate the particulars  of a case that came under my personal  observation which will fully illustrate  what I wish to convey.  Some years ago the Lang Syne mine  was discovered at Dun Glen; about 20  miles from Winnemucca, Nevada. It  carried free gold in payable quantities  from the surface, and was sold to a New  York syndicate for a large sum. They  sent out a college-bred man to superintend it. He, without taking steps to  sink on the mine and test its value at  depth,  erected  a small  mill,   boarding  house and sleeping house, a costly office  with mahogany desk and other rich ait-  icles of furniture, and then set to work  on his mine. For a short time the ore  continued free milling and he was able  to pay dividends, but as he increased  in depth it became base, and he was*  unable to treat it "successfully, and he  ran the property some $40,000 in debt.  That sort of thing becomes wearisome  and monotonous to shareholders, who  do not always evince that patience and  serene contentment under adversity that  partners,in a rich mine should, and they  sent out a second college graduate to  replace the first.  ' No. 2 introduced himself by inviting  all his employees and the neighborhood  to a.champagne supper, at which he announced his intention of making a million clear profits for the shareholders  in the first year.  If the intention counts for the act,  the shareholders had no grounds for  complaint, for he certainly intended to  do all he promised and a great deal  more. Unfortunately, however, tilings  did not pan out according to his expectations and at the expiration of a few  months it was discovered that instead  of a portion of the promised million  being forthcoming, the mine had an  additional debt of $12,000. I then wrote  to the president of the company, a  bloated millionaire, strongly advising  him to send out the professor of the  college to take charge of the property,  but the uncourteous old gentleman  never even replied to my letter.  The mine was then closed down for  several years, when Gilbert M. Ross, a  practical mill man and assayer from  Virginia City, obtained control of it. He  bound himself to work the mine to the  full capacity of the mill, and pay the  shareholders a royalty of $2.65 a ton on  all the rock crushed, for one year. He  then had the option of purchase on the  entire property for $75,000. A Mr.'  Lomas, brother-in-law of the president  of the company, was sent up to represent the company. Ross, though a good  mill man, had no experience as a miner,  but he had the good sense to admit as  much and employed a practical man  to superintend the mine while he looked  after the mill. From the start he made  a grand success. The rock under his  treatment averaged over $18 a ton, and  the cost of working it did not exceed $7  He could only handle 20 tons a day,  but that left him, after paying the loyalty and other expenses, a clear pi ont  of over ?160 per day, not bad for an  abandoned mine. Unfortunately when  he had been operating the property for  a few months, the mill, office and other  outlying buildings were destroyed by  fire, and with them the agreement Ross  had from the company. That gave them  an opportunity to repudiate the bargain,  which they did, and the mill being rebuilt Lomas was placed in charge of it,  he having represented to the company  that he had discovered Ross' method of  treating the ore. He started with every  apparent advantage in his favor,. but  far from succeeding ran the property  $15,000 further in debt in less than six  months. It. was then shut down for a  second time and some time later sold  by the sheriff, when Ross purchased it.  On obtaining control Ross' flrst act was  to collect all the tailings he could, that  Lomas had crushed. These he put  through the mill the second time, and  they realized nearly $13 to the ton. Of  course having been pulverized before,  they went under the stamps and over  the tables as fast as several men could  shovel them, and he actually cleared  over $8,000 the first week from old tailings.  For, seve-ral years >tha,t mine paid  largely and Ross made a comfortable  fortune out of it. I was employed as  book-keeper on the property and knew  all the facts narrated above. Is that a  good illustration of the folly of trusting mining property to incompetent  management?���John F. Elliott in the  Mining and Engineering Review.  CAPITAL NEED  NOT BE TIMID.  That there is any substantlnl reason why  capital should be timid or fearful in legitimate mining is not apparent. Monied  men engage vigorously in other pusuits���  manufacturing, merchandising, farming,  etc.���without hesitation, when to the impartial nnd capable observer thero seems  to be no more assurance to the Investor  In these several lines of industry than there  Is In investing in legitimate mining. So  often have the phrases, "Mining Is a  gamble,"   "Mining is  unsafe,"  or  "Mining  is a lotteiy" been icpoated that the a\ei-  ago capitalist who has, not learned from  piaetical Cvpenenec that mining is not  moic ot a gamble, or a lottery, or less  secuie thin the aveiago of other puisults  and investments has come to inmly believe these sayings  to be absolutely true.  There are many millionaire miners who  have made their money in the mines, who  do not agree with the conservative capitalist, who is conservative as to mine investments only.  Industrial failures, crop failures, and  merchandising failures are of no less  frequency than mining failures where they  were based on common sense. As a matter  of course there i.s a wide range in the  character of mining investments. Those  who are. seeking an investment as secure  as government bonds will buy stocks in  mines which have been operating successfully for many years, where the output is steadily maintained; where dividends are as regular as the changes of the  moon, and where the managements has  been proven to be efficient and conservative. Prominent in this class are such  stocks as the Calumet & Hecla of Lake  Superior and the Homestakc of South  Dakota. In the next class are those which  pay dividends, but which have not been  in operation a sufficient length of time to  secuie absolute confidence, but which still  give abundant evidence of ability to maintain their record, and in lime promise to  take place with  those of  the lirst class.  A third class Is of the transitory sort,  but which withal form an almost irrcsist-  able attraction to the investor. Among  these are many mines which have had  meteoric careers, bursting suddenly into  view*, quickly making millionaires of comparatively poor men and rapidly waning  until almost lost to sight. This class of  investments Is all right for those who get  in early, hut often disastrous to those  who come in on the crest of the wave of  its prosperity. They arc- likely tp be  swept to destruction by the undertow of  shrinking values.  Another, and somewhat different class,  and certainly a class that is recognized  by thoso most competent to judge/as legitimate and as safe as any oilier unproven  enterprise, is the prospect which promises  well. Hy a promising prospect is meant a  properly wherein the values and economic  conditions insure success If they continue,  and   wherein   the   only   element   of  uncer-  tainty is the extent of the oie bodies and  their value bejond the point of development By appioaching this class of investment in a common-sense mannei with  the aid of competent as^tinee which  should be of the highest integriU, disastei  Is a remote contingency.  To plunge wildly into such an investment  equipping a shallow shaft with heavy and  expensive plant, building immense mills  or smelters where testing works or small  plants only are advisable, will often place  the investor upon the high road to failure.  Without being "penny wiso and pound  foolish," plunging is not good business In  mining or in any other branch of industry.  It is the "wildcat" investment that the  capitalist must handle with caution. There  are numerous "wildcats" in the market,  and, unfortunately, many investors are led  Into investing In them to their sorrow.  Even a "wildcat" is not always to bo  "turned down," for those aro sometimes  alluring, with reasonable chances that an  investment of this class may prove a. success. A property having little or no development may He contiguous to a valu-  ible mine, wherein the indications are  that the ore bodies will extend into the  adjoining property. Such an Investment  makes a good business proposition, but  should be approached with' caution. The  Consolidated Virginia, on the Comstock.  was just such a proposition. Nothing  within itself developed, but having good  mines on either side of it. ihe good judgment, courage and business sagacity of  J. W. Mackay and his associates led  them to tho greatest bonanza the world  has ever known.  But there are "wildcats" that will always remain "wildcats." and tn distinguish among the numerous mining properties offered the public In these days of  mining and industrial prosperity���lo separate the wheat from the chaff���the average investor should lake means of ascertaining from some other source than rhe  promoters the character of the enterprise  under    consideration    before    investing.  Capital is timid but there Is no reason  why it should bo more so in mining than  in any other business, if the capitalist  will investigate the proposed investment  with the same care and caution lie would  employ if he were about to buy a foundry,  farm or merchandising establishment.���  Mining and Scientific Press.  BOARD OF TRADE  MEETING.  The annual meeting of the Nelson  Board of Trade was held at the board  looms on Thursday night. Piesident  Holt sent in his resignation, which was  read by secretary Goodeve. It is as follows:  "As I am leaving Nelson, to take up  my residence in Seattle, I beg to tender  my resignation as president of your  board, an office I have had the honor  of filling for tho past two years.  "I do so with sincere regret, as I am  a charter member, and have always  taken a great interest in the board's  welfare, working for it to the best of  my ability through its many vicissitudes.  "It has done a great deal of good  work for Nelson, and will, 1 am satisfied, from the keen interest displayed  by its members in the lead question and  other important matters, continue to  make its influence felt for the benefit  of the town and district.  "I desire to return my sincere thanks  lo Mr. Morrison and others who have  so ably officiated for me during my absence, and to the members of the board  generally for their hearty co-operation.  "I have every confidence in the future  of Nelson, and after my long association  with it, extending over a period of ten  years, I shall never cease to take an  interest in its future welfare.  "With best wishes for its continued  prosperity  and   that  of  the  board,  "GRANGE   V.   HOLT."  Secretary Goodeve submitted a report  as follows:  Receipts���Balance on hand, .0": membership fees, $570.00; rents (board room)  $85.50; three copies report Toronto conference of boards of trade, $1.75. Total,  $0*57.32.  Disbursements���Rent (balance 1901),  $108.00; rent to April, 1902 (four  months). $72.00; light (balance 1901),  $9.00; light for 1902, $34.95; associated  boards of trade, $25.00; secretary's  salary, $120.00; caretaker's salary, $60.00;  telegrams, $58.42; telephone account,  $2.05; postage, delivering notices, etc.,  $15.90; lead memorial and letter, $22.00;  lead circulars, $1.00; typewriting, $15,40;  "31  electric lamps, $1 80; photos to provincial government, $14.00; locks and put-  ling on, $4.25, broom, CO; fuel, $7.76;  stationery and printing, $23.25; 24 copies  report of conference, boards of trade at  Toronto, and express on same, $14.25;  subscription to B. C. Review & Exchange, $3.05. Balance on hand, $41.65.  Liabilities-  Rent .(8  months) $144.00  Assets��� "   o  Balance on hand  .$ 41.65  Mines   exchange     5.00  Nelson  Operatic  Society     6.00   $ 51.65  Total   deficit    $ 92.35  The election of officers resulted as  follows:  J. M. LAY, president.  W. W. BEER, vice-president.  H. G. GOODEVE, secretary-treasurer.  The 12 councllmen are: Fred Starkey,  T. S. McPherson, F. M. Black, Hamilton  Byers, W. G. Gillett, Chris Morrison,  VV. P. Tierney, R. R. Hedley, J. W.  Holmes, S. S. Fowler, T. G. Procter,  and Bruce White.  Fred Starkey brought up the question  of an 'Associated Press service from  Nelson, and the matter wns placed in  the hands of the secretary with instructions to confer with the C. P. R. telegraph manager.  The action taken al previous meetings of the board re the lead question  was reaffirmed, and Smith Curtis's attempt to prejudice public opinion In  the East was denounced.  The old and time-honored grievance  of inadequate mail service was also  threshed out once more, and the usual  action taken.  The new president, Mr. Lay, is manager of the Nelson branch of the Imperial Bank, and like his predecessor  has iaken a great interest in making  the board of trade something more than  a mere name. The council is made up  of good material and should be able to  accomplish something.  Grange V. Holt left on Wednesday for  Seattle, where he will reside permanently  as manager of the Seattle branch of tho  Canadian Bank of Commerce. He was  presented with a set of silver by his  friends, as a slight token of their appreciation.  ./' ~*m&��axaein#mWiX&��^0r*-:,^..��..^  The Nelson Tribune  r>  I  Bank  Katabliahcd 1817.      Incorporated by Act of Parliament.  CAPITAL (all paid up) 612,000,000.00  REST ".      8,000,000.00  UNDIVIDED PROFITS  165,856.00  HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL  Rt. Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal, G. C. M. G, President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice-President.  E. S. Clouston, General Manager.  from its earliest days up to the present  time have stood as one man in all elections, and iii all contests in which the  interests of Nelson were at stake. These  men have never fought for the spoils  ol office; but have- fought to keep  "grafters" out of ofiice. They have  generally succeeded, because they  always keep their promises, and never  promise more than they can carry out.  That is the kind of "one-man" rule  Nelson has had, and that kind of rule  has made Nelson what it is, the best  and most progressive little city in  Canada.  WW CAN BD A WPH   Corner Baker and  IMlluMlfll   DIVAilUl, Kootenay Streets  A. H. BUCHANAN, Manager.  {Imperial Bank of Canada I  _���_ 0-*    _V   T3TPT1   A.   T _ /liiftinTn-7-^lt <-ttl*_L     _"_<*"__**_     000 ���  ���REST  '���  (Authorized)  (Paid Up) .,  4.000,000  ..$2,868,932  ..832', 438^595  HEAD  OFFCE,   TORONTO,   ONTARIO.���Branches in .the Northwest Territories, Provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.  T. R. MERRITT, President. D. R. "WIIiKIB, Vice-Pres. and Gen. Man.  E.  HAY. Assistant Gen.  Manager. W. MOFFAT, Chief Inspector.  NELSON BRANCH���A general banking business tranasted.  Savings Department���Deposits  received and interest allowed.  Drafts sold, available In all parts of Canada, United States and Europe. Special  attention given to collections. J. M. LAY, Manager.  t.aeoaco....  ...............99..* �������������������������� ������<����� ceo **oe eo ������eeoe ��<>�����������'  Garjadiai] Bank, of Oomnierce i  With Which is Amalgamated ���  The Bank of British Columbia 2  Paid Up Capital  $8,000,000 2  Re��erve Fund $2,500,000 ���  Aggregate Resources Over $05,000,000 ���    ���  Head Office,   -  Toronto. *  HON.  GEO. A.  COX,  President.                   B.  E.  "WALKER,  General Manager. a    ���  NELSON  BRANCH. I  Saving's  Bank  Department���Deposits received and interest allowed.  Pros- e  ent rate 3 per cent.                                             BRUCE HEATHCOTE, Manager. ���  TRAINS AND STEAMERS  Leave and Arrive at Kelson as Eelow.  CANADIAN PACIFIC SYSTEM  leavk   CROW'S NEST RAILWAY  Kuskonook, Creston. Moyie,  **n n m Cranbrook, MavyaviUe, Fort  O.-CT a.m.|gtoe*|j> Kiko. Fernie, Michel.  ������������    Blaincore, Frank, Maoleod.  ""v.   Lothbridge, Winnipeg,   and  all Eastern points.  ARRIVE  6:00 p. m.  Daily,  8 a. m.  8 a. m.  (MO p. m.  Dolly  8:40 p. tn.  - Dally  COLUMBIA & KOOTENAY  RAILWAY    *-  Robson, Trail and Rossland.  (Daily except Sunday)  RobBon, Rosnland, Cascade,  Grand Forks, Phciniy,  Greenwood and Mi   vay.  (Daily except &> ���     y)  Qobson, Nakusp, An-- wbead,  Revelstcfco, and allpoi nts east  and woet on C.P.R. main line.  Robson. Trail and Rossland.  bO-35 a.m.  0:33 p.m.  9:35 p.m.  Daily  9:35 p.m.  DaDy  LBAVX  i 13 aja  SLOCAN RTVTER RArLWY arrivi:  Slooan City, Silverton     ew 3:10 p.m.  Denver. Three Forks, Sam .-on  CDaily except Sunday)  LKAVK KOOTENAY  LAKE  STEAMBOATS  _ d. m.    Balfour.PuotBay.Ainsworth  Kaalo and all Way Landings.  (Daily except Sunday)  _ p. m.     Lardo and all points on the  _________ tardo ��; TroutlabB- Branch.  (On Mon. Wed. sim-TH:)  .. From Lardo and Trout Lake  (On Tne. Thur. and Sat)  ARRIVE  11:00  a. m.  11 a.m.  very rightly too, that British Columbia  pays the Dominion more revenue, in  proportion to its population, than any  other province, and that the best way to  bring this to the attention of the Laur-  ier government is to send a man to the  house of commons who has the ability  and the disposition to make an aggressive fight for better terms. This element also say that Vancouver; being  the commercial metropolis of the province, should send broad-minded men to  the house of commons; men who are  posted on the needs of the mining districts especially, so that when questions  that concern these districts are up for  consideration, the members for the  mining districts would have hearty and  effective support. The pkrtioi cf Chris  Foley would not affect the control of  the house, for the Liberals would still  have a large majority; but his election  would bring it home to the Liberals  that they have not kept good faith with  the people of this province-.on any question, and more especially on Chinese  legislation and better terms, and that  our people mean what they^ say on these  two most important questions. Foley is  an able man and an honest one. He is  neither a ranter  nor a trickster.    His  Mayor Fletcher has had his usual annual whine.    It appeared in the Daily  News of Wednesday.    The Daily News  is   boosting    Fletcher  for  mayor,  and  Barkis  appears   to   be  willing.    In  his  whine, Fletcher says he has met with  factious    opposition      from    aldermen  Drew,   Irving,   Morrison,   and   Scanlan.  The mayor does not state facts.   These  four  gentlemen    were    elected  to  the  council pledged to carry out a defined  policy, and they have kept their pledges,  something mayor Fletcher   has    never  been known to do..    Their    action as  aldermen has not been factious.    As a  majority of the council they had the undoubted right to direct the mayor on  all questions brought before them, and  the mayor as the chief executive of the  council  should  have carried  out their  will without    any    display of factious  opposition.    Majorities, not minorities,  rule.    Mayor Fletcher had a majority  behind him in the council of 1901, and  the majority did his bidding.    In 1902,  conditions were reversed.   The majority  of the council    did not take their Instructions  from the mayor; instead, they  did the bidding of the people who elected  them ,and they got    their  instructions during    the   campaign preceding  the election. Mayor Fletcher has always  secured office under false pretences, and  the people of Nelson now know him so  thoroughly that they are only awaiting  an opportunity to show how they appreciate him as an official.  I reprinted iu other newspapers, and thus  gain an influence to which they are not  ��� entitled. The managing editor of the  Itosslund Miner has not been long in  British Columbia, and came to Rossland from Rat Portage, Ontario. Since  he took charge, the Miner has not been  vifulent, although it has presented mine  manager Kirby's views on all questions  uffecting the mining industry, rather  than the views of the community in  which it is published. Rossland claims  to be the chief mining town in British  Columbia, and as such it should have a  newspaper wholly independent of any  corporation's control or dictation. No  community can thrive without a healthy  public sentiment, and such a sentiment  seldom prevails in towns whose newspapers and business interests are controlled by one corporation.  STALWART YOUNG BANK.  The Imeprial Bank of Canada, which has  branches at Nelson, Cranbrook, Golden,  Revelstoke, Ferguson, Vancouver, and  Victoria, has issued a neat card folder in  which it wishes its patrons a "Happy  Christmas and a Bright New Year."  ���According to the last statement made by  the bank its liabilities and assets were as  below:  LIABILITIES.  Capital   paid-up $ 2,923,S6G 00  Rest   account,    Contingent   account   and   undivided   profits..   2,746,486 35  Notes  of the Bank in circula-  En a Coal Mine *  Is all Bight    ��  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  CAPITAL   STOCK   $1,000,000  In   100,000 Shares of $10  each,  Par Value,  Fully   Paid-Up and Non-Assessable.  The Company invites subscriptions for  10,000 shares of the  above stock  _____ AT $2.50   PER   SHARE ������������-  The Alberta Coal & Coke Co.'s property is situated 14 miles east of Blairmore, Alberta, on the Crow's  Nest railway, and is known as the Holwey mine.  This property has been a shipper for 15 years.  The company has-under control 6,400 acres of coal lands, upon which seven seams are exposed, ranging in width from 15 feet to 25 feet, as far as explored.  A sidetrack  to the mine  ic- about  completed. ��� ' ��� .  The 10,000 shares now being offered to the public is positively the only block  ��� of-stock put on the market at that price.  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  ito  ito  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  tion   Deposits   Rebate on bills discounted...  GREAT NORTHERN SYSTEM.  ueavx  Depot  7:00 &Jii  firlounttn  7i60 a-._  Dafly  NELSON & FORT  SHEP-j arrive  ^      PAKD RAILWAY  Ysolr, Salmo, Erie, Waneta, IMoaafin  Northport, Rossland, Colville,7:13 p.m��  ' and Spokane. ������ Depot.  Making through ccuwicotH-nB 8 p. m.  at Spokane to tie south. Daily  east and west. I       KOOTENAY LAKE  STEAMBOATS  LKAVK  Nelson  ���rn n.tn.l ���     Kaalo   |Bal_our,PilotBay,Aii_*wortl-  8:36 p. m.tKaBlo and alt Way Lending*.  IJ5AVE  Dally  6:00 a. m.  1:00 p.m.  KASf.O & SLOCAN  RAILWAY  .. Khr'o...  ,Sandon..  AKR1VK  KohIo  8:4.0 a. m.  Nelson  7:15 p. m.  Daily  AlUUVi.  Daily  3:15 p.m.  11:25 am.  THE NELSON TRIBUNE  I      Founded ln  1892.  _elcti~6"irlvOTla^Mfle^  district    and    would be welcomed    in  every mining camp in Kootenay.    The  Conservatives  have  not placed  a  candidate in the field, and supporting Foley  as individuals    would not compromise  or  affect    the    party's prestige in the  least.    Foley's    election,  at this  time,  would    signify    something  to  premier  Laurier.     It   would   be   an   intimation  that his party., must, in the hereafter,  keep its pledges in order to get support  from  the men who    work for  wages.  Chris Foley is a bigger man than Bob  Macpherson  physically,   mentally,   and  politically, and the more big men the  province has at Ottawa    the better it  will  be for the province.  Little attention is paid locally to any  of the utterances of the Nelson Economist;  but sometimes its utterances are  given undue prominence through being  reprinted in other    newspapers.      The  Victoria Times seldom misses an opportunity to reprint the Economist's hog-  wash- when it in  any way  reflects  on  members of the legislature who do not  accept The Times for a guide and counsellor   in   provincial   politics.    Neither  The  Times nor  the Nelson- Economist  need  worry  themselves over the  political status, of the member for Nelson  riding in the legislative assembly.   Mr.  Houston was elected by the people to  all the offices he has ever held, and he  is not likely to ever    hold  office any  other way.    He has  never held  offlce  because  of' any  liking the  coast politicians have had for him, and it is just  possible he esteems    them    no    more  highly than they esteem him.   He does  not hang on to  the    coat-tails  of or  truckle to any of, them.    Through his  efforts, the mining districts of Kootenay  and Southern Yale will after the next  general election have fair representation  in   the  legislative   assembly, 0aiid   also  through    his    efforts,   in   future  party  conventions will be made up of delegates selected on a uniform basis from  each    riding in  the    province.    These  matters_inay_JioUbe-considered-import--  ant  by  The    Times    and   the  Nelson  Economist, but, it is just possible that  neither one of these two great political  journals voice  the opinions of anyone  outside of their respective editorial dens.  2,801,576 00  19,313,680 01  54,706 00  $27,840,314 36  ASSETS.  Coin  and  Government  notes....$ 2,933,591 07  Deposit , with Government  against notes in circulation     120,000 00  Notes of and cheques on other  banks   ...........   .........   ......     924,77040  Due from other banks and  agents    ......    2,432,765 22  Dominion of Canada, Provincial, Municipal and other public   securities    1,754,593 46  Railway bonds, debentures ahd  stoeics        975,632 43  Call and short loans on bonds  and   stocks  ,3,345,224 33  Other loans and  discounts 14,801,332 76  Bank premises      419,613 94  Real   estate,    mortgages    and  other  assets      132,79075  $27,840,314 36  PURCHASED BY THE CITY.  At the time" when the tramway company of Nelson refused to operate its  cars, The Tribune favored the purchase  and operation of the system by the city.  About the same time the little city of St.  Thomas, Ontario, was struggling with a  similar proposition, owing to the local  company getting into financial difficulties; Since then St. Thomas has grappled  with the proposition and the street cars  are now being operated by the city. The  St. Thomas :TimesV;of December 24th  contains the-following:  "The experiment so far in municipal  ownership of the St Thomas electric  railway has proven highly satisfactory.  A few days ago the average of passengers carried daily since the service  under the present system was inaugurated- was announced in the Times  as 627..  That included the first week or  The Bight Time to  Invest or Speculate in  Beal Estate Is When  Sellers Are Hard Up or  Applications  will   be  received at the Company's  office,  on Baker street, one door west of the Canadian     \j_  Bank of Commerce.  iss^A'aa*^^  ^-^fl%-6-f;e&��^^  k"  SON & CO.  Furniture  Dealers  an  Funeral  ���eetors  PARLOR SETS our specialty this week. A 5-pIece Walnut Frame, No. 1 Valours, all odd colors; no two pieces alike;  trimmed in silk plush with silk cords, good gimps and flrst  class   springs.  -i_ �� I"': Ull       PARLOR SET, $19.00 PER SUITE.  Mr  Our Undertaking department  is  under  the  direction  of  Clark.  Day Phone No. 292.  Night Phone No. 142.  BAKER  STREET.  Prices Abnormally Low  Editorial and Business Offlce  Room 9, Madden Block.  The Nelson Tribune is served by carrier  to subscribers in Nelson or sent by mail  to any address in Canada or tho United  States, for one dollar a year; price to  Great Britain, postage paid, $1.50. No  subscription taken for less than a year.  JOHN  HOUSTON,   Editor.  SATURDAY,   JANUARY  10,   1903.  There aro three candidates in the  field in Ihirrard, namely, R. G. Macpherson, Chris Foley, and ex-governor  Mclnnes. Macpherson is the candidate  of the Liberals, Foley of the Labor  party, and Mclnnes of himself. A large  section of tlie Liberal party will not support Macpherson, claiming that he is  merely the candidate of the Sifton machine who handle the Klondike "graft,"  and this section are -supporting Foley,  who is also receiving the support of a  number of Conservatives, more especially of those who have business relations j  in Kootenay.    These    men    claim, and  The politicians in Nelson who prate  much about "one-man rule" and "independence" wore out a good deal of shoe  leather  this  week   in   trying  to  find  a  candidate  for  mayor    who    would   be  "independent"  and who would  not  be  dictated   to   by   "one    man."    But  all  those   approached    were    found   to   be  either  unwilling  or  unable  to  qualify.  The "one-man rule" gag has been worked so much that people are beginning to  wonder who the "one. man" is that exercises so potent an influence in Nelson.  The Progressive People's Party have no  such  man  in  their ranks.    The candidates, so far, brought out by that party  have  not  heen    selected   by any  "one  man," and no "one man" has even attempted to dictate who should or who  should not be brought out as candidates  for mayor or for aldermen or for school  trustees.    On the other hand, the opposition to the Progressive People's Party  is apparently    not    even a "one-man"  outfit,  for it. has been unable to scare  up a man who is willing to go before the  people and take chances on an election.  No;   there   never   has   been   "one-man"  rule   in   Nelson;   but,  instead,   the  men  who have exercised influence in Nelson  The declarations of the Nelson Trades  and   Labor   Council on the silver-lead  question    are    significant.    They mean  that organized labor in Nelson can, when  the occasion presents itself, be depended  on to take decisive action on questions  that concern the business  interests of  the  whole  of  Kootenay.    The  closing  down of the silver-lexd mines of East  and West Kootenay means much more  to  working men than it does to  individual mine owners.   While some of the  mine owners might be hit hard, no one  of them would probably go hungry; but  the    throwing  out  of  employment   of  hundreds of working men would work  not only great    hardship  on many of  them,   but  would    financially    distress  every man engaged in business in Kootenay as well as many outside of Kootenay.   The action taken by the Nelson  Trades and Labor Council should have  an effect in another direction.   It should  show mine owners that organized labor  can be depended on tu sink animosities  engendered  by  local  differences  at  all  times when the interests of the country  are in jeopardy.  The undersigned has been authorized to  offer for sale W. H. Brandon's addition to  Slocan City. The addition contains 80  acres, a part of which has been platted.  Of the lots platted, 134 remain unsold. Of  the unplatted portion (50 to 60 acres) 40  acres are suitable for gardening: or orcharding, being: the finest land in Slocan  valley and can be easily cleared and irrigated. The addition has a water-works  system of its own. The big sawmill that  has been bonused by Slocan City will be  erected on land Immediately ad J aeon t to  Brandon's addition. Included are Ave  buildings, which now rent for $500 a year.  Selling price, $7,000. Terms, $3,500 cash  and the balance on time.  BERTSON&CO.  ***************^******************************************^  | Nelson Saw and Planing Mills, Limited, |  Lumber, Lath, Sash, Doors, Mouldings, and all kindF of  Factory Work.  KILN-DRIED LUMBER FOR THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY TRADE A SPECIALTY.  COAST FLOORING AND CEILING KEPT IN STOCK  * Office and Mills at Foot.of Hall Street,  NELSON, B.C. |  X*******-* *����� * **-****** **+*���*+** **++*+*+*+*+**+***+**+*+���***+ +*-* ***********.***+**********  The Rossland Miner is now owned  entirely, so it is said, by the interests  controlled by Gooderham & Blackstock  of Toronto, and its management is  directed by the management of the  Centre Star and War Eagle Mining companies. Papers so controlled can do a  country much harm, for the interests of  a single corporation often clash with  tho interests of a community, and when  they so clash the corporation-owned  newspaper voices only the views of its  owners. Such newspapers seldom have  local influence; but their utterances are  I also have instructions to offer for sale  the following' pieces of real estate In Nelson:  VERNON STREET���Inside Lot, 50x120  feet, north frontage, between Josephine  and Hall streets, unimproved. Price $1,260  cash.  BAKER STREET���Inside Lot, 50x120  feet, south frontage, between Josephine  and Hall streets, unimproved. Price, $5,000  or will put lot against permanent improvements to cost $5,000.  SILICA STREET���Inside Lot, 50x120 feet,  north frontage, between Hall and Hendryx streets. Improvements, 6-room cottage,  with  all  conveniences.    Price,  $2,500.  BAKER STREET���Lot 25 by 120 feet on  south side of Baker Street. Next east of  Sherbrooke hotel.    Price, $1,125.    Terms.  SILICA STREET���Lot and improvements on northeast corner Silica and Ward  streets. Residence has all conveniences.  Price, $2,500.    Terms.  For    further  apply to  particulars,     address     or  JOHN HOUSTON,  Room 9, Madden Block, Nelson, B.C.  so, when the traffic was' naturally light  and  before the  new management-^had  got into full swing.   City clerk Doherty  in conversation yesterday with a Times  man,  stated that during the past ten  days tho number of passengers carried  daily has averaged about 800.   Last Saturday the road carried about 1,000 passengers,   in  round   numbers.    On  that  day the receipts of cash fares was $20,  while  the  tickets    taken    represented  nearly another $20. Monday the receipts  was $27.    Comparing the receipts  and  number  of   passengers   carried  at  this  season of the year, with the books of  either one of the previous street railway  companies, it is seen that under municipal operation the road is doing at least  a third more business than either in corresponding weeks of previous years. Mr.  Doherty says the people are patronizing  the  street  railway    very  well,   but  it  would be expecting too much to anticipate a revenue, or even to clear expenses, for some time yet.   If the road  has a deficit, the ratepayers must make  good; therefore it would be better policy  to pay the amount of the deficit into the  fare boxes and get    the   worth of the  money in rides, and save shoe leather.  The road belongs to the citizens and the  more they patronize it themselves, the  better off they will be."  SEWING MACHINES  AND PIANOS  ������������...............9......���..������.���.���..9.������������������������.*������������������.  99......................................................  ��� ���  ��� ���  *9  9.  ��� ���  ��� ���*>  �����  ��� ���  ��� ���  09  ..  *9  ���  ��� ���  0��  TIPS ON TEA  fine  TWENTY-FICE  CENTS  will buy   ONE   POUND   of   pure,   clean,  flavored  CEYLON-INDIAN TEA  TWENTY CENTS will buy ONE POUND Standard BREAKFAST  BLACK TEA. Purchasers of ten pounds or more, will receive one pound  extra, for each ten pounds purchased.  Equal to an allowance of TEN PER CENT DISCOUNT, on these extremely low prices.  Prices on our regular lines o f CHOICE TEA, 30c, 35c, 40c, 45c, 50c and  60c per pound for Black, Green and Blended.  otenay Coffee Go.  Telephone  177  P.  O.  Box 182  j!  *t  *9  J!  ��� ���  ::  ������  ������  ������  ��� 9  ��� ���  .��<��...........9.99..9...0... ���������.��....��������������������. 99 9999999 99  9*�����.9.......������.������...���������.9999*.������.....������������������...9999*9...  FOB RENT AND FOR SALE  Old Curiosity Shop, Josaphino St, Nelson  fa-porter of  Own Make Pipes  jPeterson'a Patent Plpea  B. B. B. Celebrated Pipes  Loowe Pipes  ^rScco        H. J. PHAIP,  PrOpr.  Turkish Cigarettes  Monopol Cigarettes  Egyptian Cigarettes  J. It. C. and G. B.  Lambert and Butler  All brands of imported and domestic cigars  Telephone 184  Wholesale ar-d Retail  '^E. Tobacconist  ueen  Cigar Store  Baker Street, NELSON, B.C. The Nelson Tribune  DIFFERENT TYPES  OF  CHARACTER  WHICH IS THE BETTER OF THE THREE?  The following are extracts from a  well-written article by Edward Ray  Stannard in McClure's Magazine for  January. The writer was commissioned  to visit the anthracite coal districts of  Pennsylvania during the coal strike and  carefully look into the charges of intimidation made by the mine operators and  the non-union men. The Tribune has  made its selections merely to give its  readers a chance to study character.  One type described is of the sturdy man  who believes he has tne right to work  when and where he pleases and for any  wages that suits him. He does not  believe in unions. Another type is the  thrifty, well-to-do workingman who  stands well in the community in which  he lives. He joins societies and labor,  unions, but is not will ing to make any  sacrifices when difficulties arise. He is  thrifty and selfish. The last type described may be called the Spartan type.  Good-hearted when prosperous, and in  adversity would make any sacrifice  rather than sacrifice principle.  The Success Club might take up the  article  and   discuss   the   characteristics  i> of those described.    Such a discussion  would prove more interesting than one  on  political  questions.  During the closing weeks of the  great coal strike, 17,000 men were at  work in and around the anthracite  mines. More than 7,000 of these were  old employees of the companies long  resident in the communities where they  worked, with knowledge of the conditions of life there existing. Of the remaining 10,000, part was made up of  workers recruited from one section of  ' the coal fields into another, men who  dared not work in their home villages,  but ventured employment at the collieries where they were not personally  known and part consisted of men having no special knowledge of mining,  recruited from neighboring farms or  more distant cities.  It seems profoundly important that  the public should know exactly who  these 17,000 American workers really  were, how they fared, and why they  continued to work in spite of so much  abuse and even real danger. This inquiry may be made without bias, without contravening the rights to labor to  organize, or impugning, the sincerity of  the labor leader, or defending the operator.  ������In order, therefore, to learn more of  these non-striking workers, I visited a  large number of them, their families,,  and their neighbors, union and nonunion, in various parts of the anthracite  regions, reaching them both in their  homes and at their work in and around  the mines. I saw the men themselves  in each-case, examining" atfirst hand the  evidence of their difficulties and dangers, recording exactly the reasons they  gave for continuing to work, securing  corroboration and further light from all  sources, both union and non-union. The  account of all the cases investigated  would fill an entire number of this  magazine; those here given are typical  of the conditions generally prevailing,  and show what the strike signified to  the so-called scab, the non-striking  worker.  shouted loudest for the strike because  they had nothing to lose. I know of  some cases in which those relieved took  out their relief orders at the store in  hams and traded them off for beer.  Now that system is putting a premium  on improvidence, and fining every man  who has saved up any money. As long  as they do that of course the crowd  that hasn't anything to lose is going to  keep on striking."  Mr. Johnson went back to work in  the mines, and the union began at once  a series of persecutions to compel him  to come* out. The school board, which  was composed of strikers, refused to  employ his daughter, who was an experienced teacher, on the ground that  she was a "scab." His boy was hooted  in school. He himself any other workmen were surrounded one night by a  mob which shouted "Kill them! Kill  them!" Stones wert thrown and several  men were injured, but Johnson, fortunately, was unhurt. Some of the stores  refused to sell goods to him or any of  his family, but he continued to work,  and is working yet. All these things  wert done by his neighbors and friends,  among whom he had lived an honorable life for years.  A REASONS OF AN ENGINEER.  I talked with Charles Monie, a Scotch  engineer of Moosic, Pennsylvania, who  had worked for 23 years in the place he  then occupied. He was a man of high  intelligence, an elder in the Presbyterian church of Avoca. He owned a  good home, which I visited, and his  children' were finding good place's in the  greater world. I asked him why he had  remained with the company. I quote  his exact words:  "Unionism is all right when it is kept  within bounds. But when it says to any  man, 'You can't work until we give you  permission,' and when it plans to destroy property, I claim that the indi-  ^viduaLhas-a-right-to-quit.,=���  'I have got a home over there without  a cent of debt on it. ��� I must have my  regular wages to support it.  "I have a right o work when I like,  for what I like, and for whom I like.  "I thought about this matter, and as  long as my conscience approves my  course I don't care who is against me.  I don't know your beliefs, but I have  faith that the great God will protect  me, so I am not afraid.".  ADVENTURES OF AN ENGLISH  MINER.        ' ���  I met Hugh Johnson, a licensed miner  of Forest iCty, who had spent searly all  his life in underground work. He was  a good type of the English miner, a man  of intelligence, a member of the Masonic  fraternity, a communicant of tht Presbyterian church, the owner of two  houses which he had bought and paid  for from his savings, though he is not a  vigorous man physically. I found that  Johnson had been a member and officer  of the union, indeed a delegate to the  convention at Shamokin which dtclared  the strike.    He said:  "I believe in unions, and I have long  been a member, but I could not agree  with the methods of the United Mine  workers. I didn't think w't had any  cause to strike in the first place. I voted  against the strike in the convention, but  it was carried by the younger element.  All the boys���about a third of all the  members���are under age, and the Hungarians and Poles are allowed to vote,  and they entirely overwhelmed the  conservative element. I did not believe  I did not believe in destroying property  by calling out the engineers and pumpmen, but still I stayed out with the  strikers until I began to see how the  relief fund was distributed. I thought  It should be share and share alike. I  paid my dues regularly, and my expenses were going on, and I got to the  point where I had to have help or else  mortgage my home. So I applied to the  officers of the local and they said: 'You  have property. Why donf you raise  money on it?' And they gave me a good  hauling over for presuming to ask for  help. The men who got the relief  were often those who had been intemperate and improvident before the  strike���though there were plenty of  genuine cases of poverty���and who had  THE MURDER OF JAMES WINSTONE  "All we want is investigation," a  strike leader said to me. "Now, these  murders they talk about. Look into  them and you will find that they were  the result of the armed coal and iron  police, who were mostly city thugs with  orders to shoot and kill. It's a trick of  the operators to try to lay the blame for  disturbances on us; they want to work  up public sentiment against us." So I  went from Scranton to look into the  case of James Winstone, of Olyphant.  Olyphant is a more ._ than usually  prosperous mining town of some 6,100  inhabitants," nearly all mine workers,  70 per cent of whom own their own  homes The population is very diverse,  being made up of some dozen different  nationalities, but with an unusually  large proportion of the English, Welsh,  and Irish, the better elements among  the miners. James Winstone lived in a  neighborhood known as Grassy island,  of which he was the foremost citizen,  having by far the best home and the  most means. -~  His home was really, a pretty place,  a two-story liouse with trees (in front,  which Winstone himself set out, an  arbor where there was shade in summer, a fine garden in;which.Winstone  grew vegetables; arid-: was experimenting with grapes. I came in by the back  door to a shining kitchen, spotlessly  clean. Indeed, the home was more than  comfortably furnished, with an'organ,  books,'pictures,.and other evidences of  enlightenment and comfort. Mrs. Winstone came in and told us quietly and  sadly some of her story. Then we went  out again.through ..the..Spotless kitchen  and crossed to the next house, also the  property of James ���Winstone, and the  home of his son-in-law, S. J. Lewis, a  worker in the mines. Here, too, was  every evidence of comfort and spotless  cleanness. The daughter, James Win-  stone's oldest, had been married only a  year. Little by little the story came  out, mostly through D. E. Lewis, a  highly intelligent Welshman, the foreman of the mine where Winstone arid  his   son-in-law  were   employed.  Winstone had been in America only  14 years, having come from Yorkshire,  England. Reaching Pennsylvania without money, he was able, working as a  common miner and supporting a family,  to save enough in 14 years to make him  the possessor of two fine homes and  me that Winstone averaged a net earning of $3.50 a day, for which he found it  everything paid for. D. E. Lewis told  necessary to work only five or six  hours. His son-in-law, young Lewis,  earned $2.26 a day. Winstone was in  the prime of life, 48 years old, with a  wife and three children. His wjfe_told_  "me^with=sad^pride^h^-w~lie~had been  respected in his community. He was  treasurer, she said, for eight years of  the Lackawanna accident fund, a member of the Sons of St. George and of the  Red Men, and even, at one time, an  officer in the United Mine Workers. She  said he had not an enemy in the world,  that all he wanted was to live peacably  and see his sons properly educated. He  meant to keep them in; school until  they could work into good positions.  They had done well in the mines, but  they hoped the boys would do something better.  Winstone, a natural leader, opposed  the strike from the beginning, as did  others of the conservative element. He  asserted publicly that he saw no cause  for striking, that any man who was  willing to work and was temperate  could get ahead, that there was too  much agitation. But he and the conservatives were overwhelmed and the  strike declared. Winstone went out  with the others, found employment for  several weeks outside the mines at a  fraction of his former. wages, and then  came back home. He now saw that he  must mortgage his pr-operty to live. He  went to the union, and was told that he  would be given no assistance. He had  property and he could raise money on  that. This, however, he refused to do.  So Winstone went back to the mine to  work. His son-in-law, S. J. Lewis, had  already gone back, in company with  some of the other mine workers of the  community. Immediately the ��� strikers  began their tactics of intiiriidation and  threats. Every morning and evening  they gathered in the road and hooted  Winstone, Lewis, Doyle and others on  their way to work. Sometimes they  gathered in front of his home, threateningly, but Winstone would not be  cowed. One night a larger crowd of  men than usual appeared, and Patrick  Fitzsimmons, secretary of the local and  auditor of the general assembly, stood  up and shouted a violent tirade against,  scabs. One of the things he said, reported to me by Lewis, was: "If there  were half a dozen loyal union men like  me there wouldn't be one of the scabs  that would dare to go to work."  These crowds were composed of Irish  and English, with a large rallying force  of Poles and others. Most of them  were Winstone's neighbors and fellow-  workingmen,  and  many  of them  had  heen his good friends.  A week before the final tragedy, a  committee waited on Winstone and requested him to stop work, threatening  him if he did not. Winstone told them  that he would not desert his place.  The    persecutions    now    became so  severe that Winstone and Lewis, instead  of going to the mine by the road, were  accustomed  to go back    through    the  garden, climb a fence, cross the rear of  a lot occupied by a Polish miner named  Henry Shubah, a neighbor well known  to Winstone, and join William Doyle,  another non-union man, the three men  going together.   They carried no arms.  The morning of September 25th was  rainy.    Winstone and Lewis had gone  down through the garden.   When they,  had climbed the fence    into Shubah's  yard, Lewis  took    his    father-in-law's  arm, and was holding an umbrella over  his  head.    Suddenly,  hearing a  noise,  he glanced behind and saw Harry Sim-  uralt,  another  Polish    neighbor    with  whom both were well acquainted.   Siin-  uralt had a club lifted. Lewis cried:  "Don't strike us with that."  The  words    were  hardly out  of his  mouth when he was felled to the earth.  Jumping up again, half dazed, he ran  toward   Doyle's  house.    Hearing Winstone shout, "Donf kill me," he glanced  behind and saw several men pounding  him with clubs.   Lewis himself was now  pursued and struck in the back with a  heavy stick, but he succeeded in escaping.    The assaulters    having   pounded  Winstone to their satisfaction, left him  lying in his blood.   He was carried into  Doyles'    house,    where he died a few  hours   later    without    regaining   consciousness.    Lewis    was in bed    three  weeks.  Everything evidently" had been plotted beforehand. The murderers were  perfectly sober, making an evidently  planned escape- by train. Fortunately  they were arrested at Hoboken, New  Jersey, and. brought back to Scranton,  where they are now in jail.7 According  to Lewis, the three men most concerned  were Harry Simuralt, Harry Shubah and  Tom Priston, all Polish miners,". union  men, and strikers���all near neighbors  of Winstone, long known to him. The  astonishing thing is that they had been  in the country for years and spoke English well; one of them, Simuralt, owned  his own home, a very comfortable place.  Foreman Lewis told me that they all  bore good reputations as industrious  and temperate workers.  It is interesting, as showing the difficulty of protecting life, that 700 soldiers were camped within less than half  a mile of the scene of this murder.  A  WIFE'S  EXPERIENCE.  In.the list read before the arbitration  commission of the men murdered during  the strike, was the -name of John Col-  son,-and���tho-memorandum "Non-union  man beaten to death at Shenandoah."  I went to Shenandoah to learn more of  the story of John Colson.  At first I could find no record of any  workman named Colson. Shenandoah  had her share of riot and bloodshed,  but Colson was not remembered among  those injured, But I finally heard of a  man of that name who had been working at Shamokin, and I went down to  And John Colson, not dead, but living  and working tenaciously after an experience that would have daunted most  men. He was an English-born engineer. Previous to the strike he had lived  at Gilberton, working as ah ."engineer,  the best position at the colliery. He did  not believe in the strike, nor in the  order withdrawing the engineers, and  he had not been slow in saying so. But  he went out with the other strikers and  remained a month; then he went to  work at the Henry Clay colliery, at  Shamokin. Spies at once found him  out, but, living in a car close to the  colliery, they could not reach him person*^ y,^so=they^brought^^  usual pressure on his wife and family  at Gilberton. She was' boycotted at some  of the stores, so that she could not buy  the necesaries of life. She was jeered  and insulted in the streets, and her home  was stoned.  "Every night," she told me, "I was  afraid to go to bed for fear they would  blow up my home with dynamite. They  did dynamite three houses in the same  neighborhood."  So she finally wrote to her husband  that she could bear it no longer, and he  rented a house in Shamokin, and told  her to move the furniture. This she  tried to do, but the teamsters refused  to assist her, and she feared that if she  attempted to get away the strikers  would attack her. Accordingly, Colson  bought furniture at Shamokin to fit up  a new home. On the evening of October  7th he came-up from his work with several coal and iron police to look after  the arrangement of his purchases, and  when-he had finished he started back  alone along the railroad tracks. The  police had warned - him of his danger,  and he had, indeed, already been stoned,  and yet, naturally fearless, he was going  back alone. Having a revolver, he  thought he could defend himself. A  trainload of soft coal was passing; a  mob of men appeared, shouting at him  threateningly. He reached to draw his  revolver, and a man on one of the cars  dropped a huge block of coal on his  head. Colson fell in his tracks, and  after further beating him, the mob  robbed him of his revolver and a new  pair of boots, and left him for dead.  For three days he lay unconscious in the  hospital, and there, slowly, with careful nursing, he recovered, and as soon  as he could walk went back to work  again. His wife now succeeded in getting an undertaker from an adjoining  town to move her goods, under guard  of a deputy, and they settled at. Shamokin. I found them in a comfortable,  pleasant home���two boys at work in  the mines and a comely daughter.  In this case of John Colson 1 had an  opportunity of seeing what it means,  socially, for a man to work during a  strike. At Mahoney City in the last,  house in the town, one of the dingy red  company houses, almost in the shadow  of an enormous pile of culm, I found  John Colson's father and mother. The  old miner had just come In  from his  work, his face and clothing black with  dust.   His wife had hot water ready for  him, and a tub stood waiting on her  kitchen floor, so that he might wash off  the marks of the mine.    Yet some of  the marks he could not wash off���the  blue tattooing of powder which covered his face with ugly scars.   Five years  before he had been in a mine explosion.  A  careless    Hungarian,    cross-cutting  through the coal, had set off his blast  without   giving    warning, and Colson  had been taken from the mine for dead,  but he finally lived, blue scarred, wholly-'  blind in one eye and almost blind in the  other.   He was an old man even then;  he had been mining, here and in England, for nearly 50 years, and his seven  sons, miners all, told him that he might  rest the remainder of his days.   So for  four years previous.to the great strike  he had lived quietly a comfortable old  age, he and his wife alone in the red  house at the end of the village, their  sons and daughters around them.  But with the strike came hard times,  and the sons, though willing to help  their parents/had many mouths of their  own to feed, and by the time the miners  were ordered back to work in October  they were all in straightened circumstances, so that old John ��� Colson was  compelled to go back to the riiines. He  told me he was doing a boy's job now���  turning a fan,in a deep working, and.  that he earned only 75 cents a day,-*"but  he was glad to be employed again. The  mother told me with pride of her. boys  ���Anthony with his family of eight  children, her other boys, and the married daughters. And so we came to  speak of John, her oldest son, the one  reported beaten to death. She flushed  at the mention of his name, said at  first that she.would have nothing to say  about him, and then, bitterly:  "He  might better be dead,  for  he's  brought disgrace on the name."  7All the.brothers, the old miner said,  had  been members of the union,  and  had come out when, the strike was called  but John had gone back to work.  . "He  deserved, all ;he  got,"  said   his  mother.    '.'He wasn't raised a scab."  . Then she told how, when he lay hovering between  life: and "death  in  the  hospital,* she.had,not gone to him once,  and "yet she wanted so much to know  whether he would live or die that she  called up the1 hospital on the telephone.  "But I didn't give my name," she said  "so lie didn't know about it."  Since he was well again none of the  family had visited hiin or paid the least  attention to him. The strike had wholly  crushed all family feeling.. John was  not again to be recognized.  Such a story as this gives a faint idea  of the meaning of a strike in the coal  fields.  ANNOUNCEMENT  BORDEN'S  CONDENSED HILK  COMPANY  -181  (Originators of Condensed Milk���Establish ed 18S7.)  l^n  Proprietors of the Celebrated  PEERLESS  BRAND EAGLE   BRAND  -til  ��� -���* TAKE A TRIP  (it will pay you), to the property of the  Alberta Coal & Coke'^Company,-14 miles  east of Blairmore, Alberta. Why will it'  pay you? Beacause you will invest in one  of the best coal properties in Alberta; it is  sure to bring: you returns on yaur money.  We don't want your money unless you  are satisfied wo have" got what we resent' to have. See. t,acld. .on.drihrIintirlb.,i  "present to have. Sec add. on third page.  IF YOU HAVEN'T GOT ANY MONEY  we feel sorry for you, as it takes money  to buy stock in-our company, The Alberta  Coal & Coko Company. , We have grot the  property to back up our stock, if you  don't believe us go and see. Call at office  for directions. One door west of Bank of  Commerce. ���  6 Nark"f BoroEN_ CONDEtjjIi;  boroeUI  II  -������I wmi<!IM<,nal p-oteerion 'i'"1*  "���TUl.sljn.lure. / m,  6o*_enT   ^  '  --��������       -v>  71 |i,*i CONDENSED MIL*C  -at I  EVAPORATED CREAM  CONDENSED MILK  Having established a BRANCH FACTORY; IN CANAD&,   are now   prepared to supply customers through the trade with their brands���  SOLD BY ALL GROCERS AND BY  ���IAh^  A. MACDONALD & CO. 1  BAKER AND WARD STREETS,  NELSON, B.C.  NELSON �� WHOLESALE  The  "BORDEN BRANDS" represent the highest  possible standard.   Leaders for over 40 years.  A"!l  RETAIL BY T. S. McPherson, Morrison & Caldwell, J. A. Irvine, T. J.  Scanlan.  Centrally Located.       Electric Lighted.  HEADQUARTERS     FOR     TOURISTS  AND OLD TIMERS.  THOMAS   MADDEN,  Proprietor.  yueens  BAKER STREET, NELSON.  Lighted  by    Elecrlcity  and  Heated  Hot Air.  with  Large and comfortable bedrooms and  first class dining room. Sample rooms for  , commercial men.  RATES J2 PER DAT  Mrs. E, C. Clarke,   -   Proprietress  Silver King Hotel  BAKER STREET, NELSON.  Under Old Management.  RATES $1.00 A DAY.  The Dining room is unsurpassed and the  bedrooms are the best in Nelson. The  bar is stocked with' good wines and liquors  and cigars.  BARTLETT HOUSE  Josephine Street, Nelson.  The best Jl per day house in Nelson.  None but white help employed.   The bar  the best  G-- W- Bartlett - - Proprietor  Don't Worry  But    replace  with one of  that    unsatisfactory    auit  GEE'S  Stylish cut, well-made, comfortable  suits. Tou will find Gee ln tho Tremont  Block,  Baker street,  Nelson.  Bt##"######-0#####  P.  URNS * CO.  '"���"��� ������" *"*" Meat Merchants  ==HeackOffico-and.Gold^Storage=Plant-at-NelsonT  TREMONT  HOUSE  European and American Plan.  Meals 25 eta.   Rooms from 25 ob*. to 91.  Only White Help Employed,  MALONK & TREGILLUS,  Bakor St., Nelson.  I'ropriotor-.  SHERIFF'S SALE  Province   of   British     Columbia,     Nelson,  West   Kootenay.   To   wit:  By virtue of a writ of Fieri Facias issued out of tlie Supreme Court of British  Columbia, at the suit of Harvey M.  Paulson, plaintiff, and to me directed  against the goods and chattels of James  Beaman, John Hendryfc, D. Nichols and  Christ Kruger In the mineral claim  known as and called Pearl, situate about  lifty-flve miles from Kaslo, on tlie Upper  Duncan river between Duncan creek and  Bear creek, being a relocation . of the  Beecher mineral claim, located on the 16th  day of May, 1S99, and recorded in the office  of the mining recorder for the Ainsworth  mining division of the West Kootenay  District on the 1st day of June, 1S99; to  recover tlie sum of six hundred and twenty  dollars and thirty-nine cents $022.39) and  also interest on six hundred and eighteen  dollars and eighty-nine cents ($G!S.S9) at  five per centum per annum from tho ISth  day of December, 1902, until payment, besides sheriff's poundage, ofilcer's fees, and  all other legal incidental expenses; all of  which I shall expose for sale, or sufficient  thereof to satisfy said judgment debt and  costs, at my offlce, next to the court hoti.se  in tho City of Nelson, B.C., on Thursday.  Hie 15th day of January, 1901!, at the hour  of twelve o'clock noon.  NOTE���Intending purchasers will satisfy  themselves as to interest and title of the  said   defendants.  Dated at Nelson, B. '���'������ 2nd January,  JDOa. S.   P.  TUCK,  Sheriff   of   South   Kootenay.  The above sale is postponed until Thursday, the 22nd of January, IDW. at the same  place and  hour.  S.   P.   TUCK,  Sheriff   of   South   Kootenay.  Branch Markets at Kaslo, Ymir, Sandon, Silverton, Revelstoke, New  Denver, Cascade, Trail, Grand Forks, Greenwood, Midway, Phoenix,  Rossland, Slocan City, Moyie, Cranbrooke, Fernie and Macleod.  Nelson Branch Market, Burns Block, Baker Street.  Orders by mail to any Branch will receive prompt and careful attention.  West Kootenay  Butcher Co.  Fresh and Salted Meats  Fish and Poultry ia Season  Orders by Stall receive Careful and  Piompt Attontlon  E.C TRAVES, M*naKor, K.W-O. Blk.. Nelson  ll  ���CsfMITEl Tlfe.'Strongest and Best Fxplosive in, the Market  ���m*-**** "y "-��� HAMILTON POWDER COMPANY  GKO. C. TUNSTALL, Jit ,  District Mgr., Nelson, B.C.  Manufacturers of  High Grade Explosives, Sporting, Mining artd Blasting Powder  Drink  Thorpe's  Lithia  Water  Every small bottle contains five grains of  lithia carbonate.  NELSON MINERS' UNION, NO. 96, W. F.  AT.���Meets every Saturday evening- at 7.30  o'clock, In Miners' Union Hall, northwest  corner Baker and Stanley streets. Wage  scale for Nelson district: Machine  minors, $3.50; hammersmen, S3.��_; mine  laborers, J3. Thomas Roynan, president;'  Frank Phillips, secretary. Visiting  brethern cordially Invited,  REISTERER & CO.  ov.  LAGER   BEER   AN>D   PORTER  Put up ln Packages to suit th*  Brewery  Trade  and   Oflice   on  Nelson, B.  Latimer  C.  Street,  PROSSER'S SECOND HAND  STORE AND CtllKA HAIL, COMBINED  Is the place to "rubber" before sending  back East for anything.  We buy, sell, or rent, or store anything  from a safety pin to a beef trust.  Western  Canadian  Employment Agency  ln connection,  Baker street, west, next door to C. P. R��  Ticket Offlce.  P.  O.  Box  688.      Phone  261A. _-"*������'*  pifl(>i.-iT��v?K'i��-*f--��*i��.^a'��L'*i  > *ZX2&JZkx*f**��vtr*��rvi&-'-  v*)**���*^*^^^  4  TKe Nelson Tribune  The J. H. Ashdown Hardware Go.    LIMITED ���������������  IMPORTERS AND  DEALERS  SHELF AND  HEAVY  IN  J-  HARDWARE  Fire Brick, Fire Clay, Portland Cement, T-Rails, Ore Cars, Sheet  Steel, Crescent, Canton and Jessop's Drill Steei.  BAKER ST.  Tinware and Granitewar-e.   Stoves and Ranges.  NELSON  B.C.  P��!':  AT COST  SCOTT'S   EMULSION  ' OF      ���           COD   LIVER  OIL  *  Small Size 40c Large Size 80c  Having- decided to give up the retail department of our drug trade, from the  3Uth of ' November we have done only a  cash business. "We would ask our customers owing accounts, to kindly settle  these up at an early date.  W. F. TEETZEL & CO.  BAKER STREET  >^^^*^-��*t*^*^A^^^^^A**^^*^'*i*''^**-^^,-<^*'*^^Vii  NELSON, B. C.  Suits  JA8. A. GILKER  N*��*,***l^SA-V'*-��*-tV'*V''/W  First   Shipment  Japanese Oranges, 85c per box. Fine  Navel Oranges, all sizes. Choice  Lemons. New Season "Mixed Nuts,  Table Raisins and Smyrna Figs.  A few Dinner Sets and Fancy Pieces  of Crockery left.  J. A-^PATRICK & CO, LIMITED.  ^t^^fl*************^^  S^RKEY S. CO.,  WH0LESJ.U   PROVISIONS,  PSODUGE AND  FRUITS.  R. A. Rogers & Co , Ltd ( Winnipeg.  V-PRESENTINC -j fl. K. Fairbanks.,     -    Montreal.  Simcoe Canning Co., -   -   Simcoe.  OfHoe and Warehouse.  Josephine Street,  NELSON, B. C  ��� ��� a ���  ��� ��� ������  I Facts and Philosophy |  From  IHA-  *-&���  m  I  ������I;-*  ..'���  '#���  ��� ���  ��� ���-  ��� ���  Jacob Dover  The Jeweler  > My .stock  of  watches   and   diamonds   Is  '      enormous.    I  have   the  resources,  talents  \      and experience for supplying: these  goods  ln  a manner that admits  of neither loss  nor   dissatisfaction   to   our   customers.    I  [      buy largely because I sell largely.    Large  _,      buying   makes   low   selling   possible   and  eceonomy in expenses makes it still more  possible   while   still   preserving a  high   standard  of quality at  the  same  time.   My holiday stock is ready and lt wus never better In my recollection.    Here are some specialties.  Diamonds  and  all   kinds  of precious  stones.  Ladles' rings, brooches and bracelets, watches, links, lockets and neck  chains.  Manicure and  toilet  sets  to suit  everybody.  Sterling silver novelties  of all  kinds,  Sterling hollow  ware.  My  stock  Is  complete  and   I want you all to call and Inspect it.  Engraving not exceeding three letters will bo done free of charge.  Mall and express orders have our prompt atention.  JACOB DOVER,  Nelson, B.C. The Jeweler  .9  MORLEY fe CO.  Wholesale and Retail  Booksellers  Stationers  And  Artists' Materials  Engineering and Mining  Books  Typewriters  Mimeographs  Photographic Supplies  Musical Instruments  Morley & Co., Nelson, B.C.  GALT GOAL  AND WOOD OF ALL KINDS  Terms Spot Cash  W. P. TIERNEY,  Telephone 285 Baker Street.  THE TOWN AND DISTRICT  The last assays from Alec McDonald's  gold mine on Forty-Nine creek give values  of $25J.-10 in gold, $1.97 in silver, $0.10 in  copper.    Mr. McDonald has a bonanza.  Rossland holds meetings much as they  are held in Nolson. lt held one this week,  and a declaration was made on the 2 per  cent tax and on the lead Question. The  declaration on the 2 per cent tax question  was unanimous, but the figures given on  which the' declaration . is, based are absurdly high. The declaration on the lead  question was not unanimous by any means.  The War- Eagle-Center 'Star crowd'fought  it and supported Smith Curtls's pronouncement on that question; but when it came-to  a vote, they were downed. Seventeen men  were present at the meeting.  The children of St. Joseph's school had  a most enjoyable time Thursday afternoon.,  About 3.30 p.m. the little ones were gathered for a merry tea party when all were  served.to: abundant refreshments, and for  some,time, the: ladles, who assisted in-waiting :on the; children were,kept quite busy.  The most delightful feature of th'e evening  was .the . arrival of. Santa Claus... This  genial, old mani who, was: personated by  Mrs._\V. Davis, was never seen to greater  advantage. At- the appearance of Santa.  Claus, the children's shouts of wild delight  could, be distinctly heard���even in. Christmas tree land; and it was some time before St. Nicholas could begin to distribute  his gifts. After .each "one present had received a gift direct from the hands of the  dear old man, many of the little ones embraced-him and a parting chorus "Father  Christmas," followed by thejiearty cheers  for Santa Claus with earnest invitations  for his return, brought the afternoon's  frolic to a close. The Sisters desire to  thank all those who so kindly, assisted in  making the, entertainment such a decided  ' success.  HOLD FIRST MEETING.  The Alberta Coal & Coke Company held  their first meeting yesterday evening for  the purpose of perfecting the organization and the election of officers. The following officers were elected for the en-o  suing year, W. O. Appelquist, president;  Donald McLeod, one of the largest shareholders in. the Northwest Coal & .Coal  Company, and main promoter of said  company, was elected vice-president and  manager; H. McLeod, a young- business  man here, was elected secretary, and Herbert T. Irvine, of the American Shoe Company,  was elected treasurer.   Active__wo.rk_  has been going on for-some time on the  company's property. The construction of  the sidetrack which will soon be completed, will enable the company to compete in the coal business in British Columbia, and Washington, Idaho, and Montana,  as they have an unlimited supply and a  superior grade of coal. It is also the intention of the company to erect coke ovens  as the demand for coke is practically unlimited. The stockholders of this company are to be congratulated and the directors also, in having secured a property of  such   execellent   showings.  Whereas, they in reutrn have practically no protection for the product of  their silver-lead mines;  Therefore he it Resolved, that we the  delegates to the Trades and Labor Council of Nelson declare it to be our belief  that it is the duty of the government  at Ottawa to place all sections of Canada  on an equal footing, so that the people  of one section shall not bear burdens  not imposed on the people of another  section; and to that end we ask the  government to increase the duties on  lead and its manufactures so that they  will be as high as those now imposed  by the United States on like products;  or at least so high that they will be on  a parity with those now imposed to protect other Canadian products and their  manufactures; and be it  Resolved, that copies of these resolutions be forwarded to our member, W.  A. Galliher, at Ottawa, with instructions to lay them before the government, and that they be also forwarded  to all Trades and Labor Councils in  Canada, with the request that they  be taken up and acted on promptly, so  that, relief will come as speedily as possible to a section of country whose  workingmen are unemployed because  the one industry on which they depend  for a living is practically suspended, as  where 3,000 men were employed two  years ago, less than 500 are now employed.  MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS 1903  THE MAYORALTY  TO THE ELECTORS OF NEtSON-  Ladies and Gentlemen: At the������ solicitation of a large number of the electors  of the city I have consented to- become a  candidate for mayor at the coming municipal  election.  I favor the construction of the power  plant at as early'a date as possible and  only upon plan's approved by electrical and  hs-draulic engineers of more than local  reputation. If the site applied for on  Kootenay river cannot be obtained, immediate steps must be made to secure some  other available site.  I favor the extension of the sewers and  water works as required, and think that  the "road making plant should be put into  service to improve the condition of such  streets as Vernon,  Victoria and Ward.  I believe that every department of the  city service should be carried on , as  economically as,is consistent .with efficiency.  If elected I shall; do everything in , my  power to:further the best interests of the  City   of   Nelson.  v. WILLIAM O.  ROSE. .  January 2nd, 1903.  FOR ALDERMEN  TO    THE ', ELECTORS 7OF   .THE  .EAST  WARD:   . ���:-,.'���'     ,     .._'.'  I beg to. announce that I wlll.be a candidate for alderman from the East Ward  at the election,.on the 15th instant.  ''    :        FRED  H;   SMITH.  January 7th, 1003.  TO  THE  ELECTORS    OF    THE    WEST  WARD���     ���   .. -  Ladies and: Gentlemen: I beg to announce ...-.that I will be a candidate for  alderman fromvthe .West. Ward at the  election on the ,15th.. Instant.  .   ,   . .-    XtAVID   MACKAY.  TO  THE   ELECTORS.: OF- THE -WEST;  WARD���  Ladies and Gentlemen:-...I beg .to .announce myself as a candidate for Alderman in the West Ward, and respectfully  solicit your vote and. influence in my behalf. I pledge myself to support the principles ennunciated In the platform made  public by the Progressive People's Party.  Respectfully  yours,  "D.   C.   McMORRIS.  Nelson, January. 9th, 1902.  TO THE ELECTORS OF THE EAST  WARD���  Ladies and Gentlemen: I beg to announce myself as a candidate for Alderman in the East Ward, and respectfully  solicit your vote and influence in  my be-  ��� �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������.............. .........  PASS RESOLUTIONS.  A meeting of the Trades and Labor  Council was held on Tuesday evening at  Miners' union hall, at which tlie silver-  lead question was discussed and resolutions passed bearing on it.  The resolution on the silver-lead  question, which was moved by F. Phillips, delegate from the miners' union,  and seconded by B. Kilby, delegate from  the carpenters' union, and carried  unanimously, was as follows:  Whereas, in West Kootenay district,  British Columbia, the mining of silver-  lead ore has been the chief industry for  ten years, and one on which the prosperity of all the people has depended;  and  Whereas, the industry has always paid,  and is now paying, as high a rate of  wages for labor as is paid in any of the  silver-lead mining districts in the  United States, and a higher rate than  is paid in the lead mining districts of  Missouri and in the silver-lead mines of  Mexico and Australia; and  Whereas, in former years the industry  gave employment to a large unmber of  men, and these men have supported  nourishing towns like Nelson, Kaslo,  New Denver, Sandon, Ainsworth, Silver-  ton, Three Forks, Slocan, Moyie, Kim-  berley, Trout Lake and Ferguson; and  Whereas, this has caused business depression in all of the towns above-  named, and has practically wiped out  real estate values through depreciation;  and  Whereas, the mine owners and the  people of West Kootenay district are  direct purchasers and consumers of  Canadian produce and manufactures  which are protected by duties ranging  from 25 to 100 per cent; and  half. I pledge myself to support the principles ennunciated in the platform made  public by the Progressive People's Party.  Respectfully  yours, -  JOHN   A.   IRVING.  Nelson, January 9th, 1902.  ���^������������^���������������������_,_^_���_���,_���^���^m^mmmm0^��^.^m0  *-��������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������  ��� ���  i plank Books j  For the  New  Year  Not many business people but  have one or two new Blank Books  at the opening of the year.  It may be a full set of books; it  may be a new cash book, or only  only a Sc memorandum.  We Have Them All  We buy direct from the maker.  That saves the middleman's profit.  We give you the advantage of that  saving.  We Sell Ofiice and  Pocket Diaries Too  ^p^.^.^.^^s^^^^^^e^^.^^^^^^^5,^.  \9  v*/  \i>  Hi  vfc  a*  \l,  it/  ito  1903  Montgomery's  W9  �����  1903  to  to  High Class Confections 1  w  tt/  Our factory has been running night and day with increased staff of help  all fall making up every variety of delicacy in the Confectionery line.  Our stock is now the most complete in the Kootenays. The excellence of  our goods have built up a demand for them in every part of the Kootenay  country.  ��� Our Mr. Montgomery's reputation as a first-class confectioner of many  years' experience is known far and near.  The grandest display, of. choice Candies ever shown in Nelson, all our own  manufacture. Choicest Bonbons, Chocolate Creams, Caramels, French Burnt  Almonds, Cream Dates, Preserved Ginger Choccflateis, Crystalized Ginger,  Maple Creams, Nongotmes, Candy Toys, Candy Canes.' Mixed Chocolates in  one-pound Fancy Boxes a specialty.   Candies from 15c per pound up.  French Crystalized Fruits, California Grapes, Nuts and Fruits of all kinds.  Preserved Ginger in the Syrup, as imported, sold in bulk.  to  to  vw  Montgomery Company  Baker Street, Nelson  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  Next .to P. Burns & Co.  to  TO   THB    ELECT.ORS    OP   THE   EAST  WARD^-  Ladies and Gentlemen: I beg, to announce myself as a candidate for Alderman in the East AVard, and respectfully  solicit your vote ahd influence in my behalf. I pledge myself to support the .principles ennunciated In the platform made  public by the Progressive People's Party.  Respectfully yours,  CHRIS.    MORRISON.  Nelson, January 9th, 1902.  COEUR D' ALENBS MINES.  Was  Gross Output for Past Year  ' * ?9,061,744���A Big Increase.  The gross output of the producing  mines of the Coeur d' Alehes for the  year closing December 31st,.was $9,061,-  744.50, that being greatly in excess of  the output of 1901. The increase over  the previous year is $606,804.50. The  total output-of pure lead - for. 1902 was.  "87,709 tons, being an :increase of 7,709  over the previous year. The-total output of silver was 5,512,2S9 ounces, that  being an increase of .152,249 ounces over  the ��� previous year. That is the best  showing of the mines in the. history of  the "camp. Those figures'were obtained  on the actual working time of the  mines, while if the figuring had been  made on the basis of all the mines working for every day in the year; the output would have been within a few  figures of $10,000,000. The labor situation was never better than -it is at the  present time- Fully 2,500 men are employed in the producing .mines alone,  but" the men developing the .lesser, prospects would-bring the total of men  working in this section up to.3,000. It  is: estimated that number will be increased by 300 men before the close of  the year.  YOU  cannot fail to get satisfaction if you smoke  Kootenay  Standard  Cigars.    You  /^���^"^���^���^^���^���^^���ar.-i:-?-^ %& ?;5^'^*^^S^*TS^5^*T5^*3f  w  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  to  ito  ito  to  ito  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ALL THOSE  WHO DEAL WITH  US ONCE DO SO  AGAIN, AS WHAT  WE SELL IS  FIRST-CLASS  D.  McArthur & Co.  Furniture Dealers  &&&%&��� # *��$333��3����Sa3*  CANNOT  buy a higher grade domestic cigar.   If you  have not yet tried them,  don't  SMOKE Tuckett Cigar Go's (Monogram  Kjmvjxyu union Label Cigars IMarguerite  Geo. E. Tuckett's Cigarettes fKarnack  -===Only=Union-Made=Gigarette^^  to ask for them.   They smoke like a pipe.  \  Manufactured   by  J. C. THELIN & CO.  HARRY H. WARD  AoTidt'nt Insurance  W. J. McMillan & Co.  WHOLESALE   GROCERS  Agents for B.C.               Vancouver, B.C.  Christies Biscuits  Fresh lot of Christie's Biscuits, received, made up of "Zephyr Cream  Sodas," "Graham Wafers," "Arrowroot," "Social Tea," "Sweet Wine,"  "Peach Blossom," "Sultanas," "Lemon Sandwich," and "Jam-Jams." Wo  alio   have   Christie's   "Fruit  Cake" and  "Plum  Pudding" In one-pound   tins.  J. A. IRVING & CO.  Houston Block, Nelson        Groceries and Provisions  MIMES AND  REAL ESTATE  ���    Canada Drug & Book   ���  ;      Company. Limited     :  * NELSON. *  Baker  Stree  Nelson,   B.   C.  o NOTICE.  Notice la hereby given that at the next  session of the Legislative Assembly of  British Columbia, application will be made  by the Vernon & Nelson Telephone Company, for an Act to amend its Act of Incorporation authorizing- the Company,  among other things, to divide its share  capital into Ordinary and Preferred Shares;  to increase its borrowing powers; to purchase, lease, take over, or otherwise acquire the property, franchises, rights, and  powers of any other Company having similar objects to the said Company; and to  extend Its operations to all parts of the  Province.  DOUGLAS   CREIGHTON,  Secretary of the Company.  Kootenay Wire Works Co.  Manufacturers of Mattresses, Springs,  Pillows, Bed Lounges, Couches, Uphoister-  ing, Turning, Bandsawlng, Grill work- and  other novelties. Our No. 4 spring is the  best on the market. Ask for it and take  no other.    Front  Street,  Nelson.  Bpydges, Blakemore & Cameron, L'd  REAL ESTATE AND  GENERAL AGENTS  JOSEPHINE ST.  NELSON, B. C  ANNOUNCEMENT.  To   the   Electors'of  Nelson:    I  respectfully announce myself as a candidate for  school truateo at  the election  to be held  on  th* ISth   instant.  J. II. WALLACE.  Nelson,  January  2nd,  1903.  5 Per Gent Gold Bonds  A Cood Investment For  Prudent People  The economical buyers admit that five  per cent gold bonds are not in it in  values when compared with the saving  made by purchasing goods from the undersigned.  Another shipment of Silver Spoon Tea  received.  fVJorrison & Caldwell  GROCERS  Phone 134 Tremont Block,  Baker St  GEO. M. GUNN  Maker of First-class Hand-mads Boots  and Shoes.    Ward Street, next new Post-  office Building:, Nelson, B. C.  Repairing   Neatly   and   Promptly   Done  Satisfaction Guaranteed ln all Work  ito  ito  to  to  to  ito  to  to  ito  to  to  ito  to  to  to  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft   I  ft   '  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft  ft


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