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The Nelson Tribune Sep 27, 1902

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 JHel^on  tribune  Saturday Morning, September 27, 1902  MORE MEN ARE ACTUALLY EMPLOYED IN THE MINING INDUSTRY IN BRITISH COLUMBIA  THAN EVER BEFORE, AND THERE ARE NEITHER LABOR DIFFICULTIES NOR IDLE MEN.  As was predicted by The Tribune, the  statements made by Edmund B. Kirby,  manager of the War Eagle and Centre  Star mines at Rossland, in the paper he  read at the recent session of the Canadian Mining Institute at Nelson, are  having widespread circulation. Had  they b'een true they would have received no such attention.  Mi\ Kirby stated that the mining industry in British Columbia is unique,  because it is not recognized or fostered  by the government as an industry.  This is not a statement of fact. No  state in the United States where mining  is the chief industry has made more liberal provisions to aid the industry  than has the province of British Columbia.  In the first place, all crown lands in  the province are open to the prospector  for location as mineral claims, and no  one is barred from making locations  because of citizenship or nationality.  .This is a distinct advantage over the  laws of the United' States.  In the second place, the government  maintains record offices at convenient  points, and to the credit of the officials  in these offices, it is seldom that complaints are heard of official wrongdoing in connection with records.  In th'e third place, the government  makes liberal appropriations for the  building of roads and trails throughout  the mining districts, and maintains  them in good condition after they, are  built. This is not done in the United  States.  In the fourth place, the provincial  government, by large grants of land and  liberal guarantees of payment of principal and interest on debentures, has  aided the construction of railways in  mining districts, thus enabling mine-  owners to market their ore at reasonable costs for transportation. No such  aid has ' been granted by any stat. in  the United States.  Mr. Kirby states that the mining industry is prostrated in British Columbia by two causes, namely, oppressive  legislation and excessive taxation. This  is a serious charge, if tru'e. But it is.no  more true than Mr. Kirby's statement  that the province does not recognize or  foster the mining industry.  The Mineral Act of British Columbia may not be a perfect law���few laws  ,aiJ_���but, taken as a whole, it is the  equal of the mining statutes of the  United States. It is most liberal to the  prospector, and if its provisions are followed, litigation, that great bane of the-  mining industry, is reduced to a- minimum. The annual assessment is .100  in cash or in work, and once .500 worth  of work is done on a mineral claim, or  has been paid in cash in lieu of work,  absolute title can be obtained from the  province, and once such title is secured  /the owner is not required to 'expend  another dollar to develop the ground in  order to hold it.  Taxation is based on acreage and production. Mineral claims that are un-  worked pay taxes at the rate of 25  cents p'er acre of area, which amounts  to from $5 to ?12.50 annually per claim  according to their acreage. Claims producing ore pay 2 per cent on the value  of the ore shipped, after the costs of  transporting and treatment are deduct-  'ed. All improvements and machinery  on such claims are exempt from taxation.  Apart from the provision that makes  it unlawful to work more than eight  hours underground in a mine, there is  not a single-provision in the statutes  of -British Columbia that can be construed as hostile to the mining industry. If The Tribune is not mistaken,  the states of Montana, Utah and Colorado, three of the great mining states  of the Union, have an eight-hour law  for their metal-mine workers.  Mr. Kirby states that in British Columbia the mining indus'try pays more  than its proportion of taxation. Mining as an industry is practically confined to East and West Kootenay districts, and the southern half of Yale  district. The1 population of these districts is approximately 50,000, and it is  safe to say that 40,000 of the 50,000 are  solely dependent on the mining industry  for a living, the other 10,000 depending  on lumbering, ranching and railroading, and arej/entirely independent of  mining.  During the year 1901, these 50,000 people paid into the provincial treasury  from all sources of revenue, $380,000.  This includes royalty on coal, tax on  the output of metal mines, general mining receipts, free miners', licences, income tax, personal property tax. trade  and liquor licences, ��� provincial revenue  tax, real estate tax, timber dues, land  sales, land leases, court fees, and land  registry fees.  In return, th'e provincial government  expended during 1901 the following  amounts:  For roads and trails $200,000  For maintenance of schools     60,000  For salaries of officials     45,000  For administration of justice .. 30,000  For maintenance of hospitals... 10,000  For erection and maintenance of .  public  buildings     15,000  Total $360,000  If the Kootenays and southern Yale  Were, charged with their proportion of  the general .expenses of the government, none of which are included in  the above items of expenditure, it would  be found that th'ey are not paying their  way.  So with the Dominion government.  From time to time since 1890, laws have  been passed that had the fostering of  the nmining industry in this province  for their object. First was the law, or  regulation, that allowed all machinery  actually used in mining to be imported  duty free for a term of years. This was  followed by a bonus for every ton of  ore smelted in the country. Next was  a bonus for every ton of base bullion  refined in Canada. As the Dominion  does not own the crown lands in British Columbia, the parliament of Canada cannot pass laws that in any way  interfere with the location or working  of mineral claims. It will be admitted  by all fair-minded men that the tariff  could be revised to the material advantage of the mining industry, more particularly to the lead mining industry,  but the fiscal system of the Dominion  of Canada, like that of the ' United  States, is based on the principle that  the greatest good    will    result to  tho  greatest numb'er, and if the 50,000 people  resident in the Kootenays and southern  Yale pay more than their share per  capita of taxation to the Dominion, it  is not because of the fact that they are  engaged in an industry to which the  government of the day is hostile, but  rather to the fact that they, like thos-a  engaged in the mining industry In other  countries, are liberal purchasers of the  b'est goods that can be procured.  The mining industry In British Columbia is not prostrate, as Mr. Kirby  would have the outside world believe,  because of excessive taxation and oppressive legislation. Indeed, it is - not  prostrate at all, and never has been. It  has had ups and downs in British  Columbia, just as it has had in Montana, Idaho, Colorado, Utah, and California, and cfor the same reasons,  namely, fall in the prices' of  metals, experimenting with processes  for treating low-grade and refractory  ores, and last, but not least, mismanagement, over-promotion, stock jobbing,  and wild-catting. 7  Over a Million Tons of  Over a million tons of ore will be  mined during 1902 in the various camps  scattered throughout: East and West  Kootenay districts and the southeastern  corner of Yale district. The ore carries  .gold, silver, copper, and lead, and runs  all the way from $3.75 to $200 a ton in  values. The bulk of it is smelted at  Nelson, Trail, Grand Forks, Greenwood,  and Boundary Falls, towns situate in  British Columbia and within 'easy  reach of the mines. The tonnage that  is not smelted at the above-named  places is shipped to smelters at North-  port, Everett, Tacoma, and San Fran  cisco, in the United States. A considerable percentage of the total is classed  as free-milling gold ore, and is treated  at stamp mills at the- mines.  The smelter at Nelson is running  two lead stacks; th*e Trail smelter is  running one lead stack and two copper  furnaces; the Grand Forks smelter has  four copper furnaces, the Greenwood  smelter two,  and  the Boundary Falls  smelter- one.  A smelter is under way at Marysville,  in East Kootenay, and advices from  there are that it will be in operation  by the middle of November.   The capa-  flail /Types  Shelter  fielsbi*), B,(*.  be Mined in 1902  5u;o fc^ad  Sta<;Ks    _  1-7  Operation  city of the smelter at Grand Forks is'  to be increased by two furnaces, which  will make six in all, with a daily capacity of about 2,000 tons. The Greenwood  smjelter, it is also said, is to be increased by two furnaces. The smelter  at Boundary Falls will add another  furnace at once, as it has contracted to  treat 200 tons of Snowshoe ore a day  for the remainder of this year, and 400  tons a day next. year.  Th.se smelters draw a small percentage of their ore supplies from' the  mines at Republic, Washington, a  camp .that is tapped by both the Canadian  Pacific  and  Great  Northern  rail  ways or connecting lines. In time, it  is just possible, that the ore tonnage  now going out of British Columbia to  smelters in the United States will be  offset by the ore tonnage' coming from  Washington mines to smelters in British Columbia. ���'���;.'.'���'  With mines making an output of 3,000  tons daily, and smelters having;a capacity to treat the output (and owners  preparing fb* increase the capacity of  their smelters);' it 'seems strange that  newspapers in British . Columbia will  give circulation to the pessimistic waitings of mine managers like Edmund B.  Kirby oi Rossland.  PURCHASE OF THE TRAMWAY SYSTEM,  NOT FAVORED BY ALDERMAN SELOUS  On the regular meeting night of the city  council, the mayor and Aid. Morrison and  Scanlan were somewhere else than in the  council chamber, and aldermen Irving and  Selous and Hamilton, who were in attendance on. time, promptly decided to  take a vacation and go elsewhere to  spend the night, so the mayor  called a special meeting for Wednesday  evening, at which all six were present. Besides, they had as spectators an orator,  a philanthropist, two reporters, the city  engineer, the city clerk, and the chief of  tho fire department.  The minutes of the last meeting were  read by the clerk and made legal by the  mayor's signature.  The finance committee, through chairman  Hamilton, submitted a report, and it was  adopted. It recommended the payment of  the following accounts:  ACCOUNTS  ORDERED  PAID.  P.  A.  McLennan.._.._._.._._._._.__���._._.._._._,.._.$__ 50_OQ_  Collector  of  customs       5 60  Post office (stamps)      5 CO  Kwong Song (refund water rates)...    13 50  Kidd & Co     10 50  Brackman  & Ker Milling Co     20 50  I-I.   D.   Ashcroft....     2S 25  John Toye     10 00  AVilliam  Hunter  &  Co        50  Nelson Freighting & Transfer Co..      5S 93  T. S. McPherson        1 OO  Bell   Trading  Co        100  AV.  F.  Teetzel & Co        8 05  McLachlan Bros        4 35  I_,  Pogue  75  J. I-I. Ashdown Hardware Co..       17 25  Nelson Hardware  Co        5 25  Royal   Shoe   Store       50 00  Hebdon   &  Hebden        3 S5  Nelson Saw  & Planing Mills     122 71  AVashington  Power Co.,    (repairing  dynamo)     150 SO  J.  II.  Ringrose        0 62  AV. K. P. & L. Co         C 00  Grant & McLean        3 95  Kinrade. &   Munroe       50 7S  Kootenay  Electric  Supply  &   Construction    Co       47 45  Nelson    Electric    Tramways    Co.,  power...     46125  A.   Cunningham        6 00  M.   Scully       19 50  George  F.  Motion           3 50  Hall Mining & Smelting Co       6-1.25  Kootenay  Lake   Telephone  Co       18 90  Canada Drug & Book Co        6 10  l-I.  Byers &  Co       2120  E.  K.   Strachan         100  Spokane Northern Telegraph Co... 110  G.   AV.  Bartlett  2 50  C. P. R. Telegraph Co  7 08  Charles Jeffs  2 50  E.   McGregor  (public   health)       15 00  H.   Byers   &   Co        150  Henderson   Publishing  Co ���      5 00  H.   T.   Steeper        3 50  Sam   Ratcliff       4170  AVilliam   Meldrum      40 00  Frank   Deacon       36 65  C.   Bailey       25 S5  R.   Goucher       26 95  James  Foote          26 95  AVilliam  Bachelor       20 00  David   AAroods          41 25  L.   Peterson         36 00  AA'illiam   Richardson          42 00  A.  McDonald       39 00  Joseph  Ringrose       3150  To'a' 11,710 35  George Johnstone, collector of customs,  wrote the council complaining of the con-?  ditioiP of the sidewalk between the custom house and the Bank of Commerce.  Alderman Selous said the sidewalk in  question, or most of it, was put down by  himself in 1S93, and that the stringers were  getting so rotten that that they would not  hold the nails, and consequently the collector of customs and others occasionally  stubbed their toes against a protruding  square-headed nail with the result that the  air in that neighborhood was at times  overcharged with sulphurous sounds.  ��� The city engineer was directed to look  into the matter.  Edward McGregor, who claims to have  served the city faithfully and well in various capacities for three years, asked in  writing that he be allowed to go off on a  holiday for two or three weeks. AVhile he  did not state that he expected to draw pay  =while._.he__was���absent,^he^was^given^two^  weeks' vacation with pay, on motion of  alderman Irving, seconded by alderman  Hamilton.  AVilliam Park wrote the council as follows:  To the Mayor and Aldermen of the City  of Nelson���Gentlemen: There is a matter  in connection with the improvements on  Vernon street which, with your permission,  I wish to lay before you this evening.  Mr. Park was present in person, and on  tho mayor signifying a willingness to  hear him, he took a position to the left of  one of the reporters and delivered an oration on the wrongs Inflicted by the city  council on the property owners of that  portion of A'ernon street lying between  Stanley and Kootenay streets. The oration  stirred up alderman Irving, and he wanted  to know who was running the city, Mr.  Park or the council?  The mayor, of course, was in doubt, and  tried  to  explain  his  position.  Mr. Park resumed his oration.  In the course of a few minutes, the  mayor interrupted by saying: "Mr. Park,  all the facts you have stated have been  placed before the council. AVhat you want,  I suppose, is more improvements made in  front of your property?  Mr.   Park again resumed  his  oration.  In the course of another few minutes,  alderman Selous mustered up courage to  get in a word, and he said tho matter had  better be referred to the public works committee.  Alderman Scanlan wanted the question  disposed of at once for good, as did alderman Morrison.  Alderman Irving said $500 had been expended for that special piece of street,  and the money had been spent under the  direction of the city engineer, and he did  not see any good reason why any more  money should be spent in that particular  locality, all the more so from the fact that  at every meeting the council was asked  to open up streets and alleyways in order  to allow people to get in supplies of wood  and coal.  Alderman Selous and Hamilton and the  mayor were all three of opinion that the  $500 spent was to be supplemented by an  additional appropriation of $300, to be used  In laying sidewalks.  Alderman Scanlan did not agree with  the three, and he maintained that when  $S0O was mentioned that the amount was  considered   too  much   to  be  expended   on  one   block   that   was   then   in   very   good  condition.  The mayor suggested that the matter  had better go to the public works committee, and it was so ordered.  Mr. Park did not resume his oration.  The chief of the fire department wrote  asking that he be granted two weeks'  leave of absence to attend the annual convention of the Pacific Coast fire chiefs at  Victoria, and that part of the expenses of  the trip be borne by the city.- He was  present and asked the privilege of addressing the council, which was granted.  Mr. Lillie said the annual convention of  the fire chiefs was attended by the chiefs  of the fire departments of every large  town and city on the North Pacific Coast,  and that the conventions had resulted in  the introduction of the' best methods of  preventing and fighting fires. The expenses  of the chiefs were borne in part by the  -places-represented.^and - as-he��had^paid=-alU  the expenses last year, he thought it only  fair that he should be given a small sum  this s*ear to help him out.  He was voted $50 and the two weeks, on  motion of alderman Scanlan, seconded by  alderman Irving.  Mayor Fletcher���"I notice Mr. Boor is  present. Do you wish to say anything,  Mr. Beer?"  AV. W. Beer���"No, Mr. Mayor, I did not  come here tonight for the purpose of addressing you. I merely dropped in to see  how you conducted business. You have  very nice quarters here; much larger than  the old ones. But while I am here, I might  call your attention to the small salary  paid the janitor for keeping these nice,  large offices clean. I met him the other  day, and he told me he was getting $10  a month. This I consider too small compensation. The janitor who cares for my  office and the hall in our building does not  do near as much work, and when I tried  to cut his wages to $10 a month, he  objected. I think, Mr. Mayor, that you  should pay your janitor more; but, remember, I am not making the request at his  solicitation. No indeed; I am doing it  solely off my own bat."  Mayor Fletcher���"I had taken up the  matter some time ago; and it will be  again taken up, Mr.  Beer."  The three tax by-laws were introduced  and read a first, second, and third time,  and placed on the orders to be considered  and adopted at the next meeting of the  council.  F. C. Ingram wrote asking that the alleyway in rear of his lots in Addition A be  made passable so as to enable him to get  in supplies. The matter was referred to  the public works committee.  Alderman Morrison stated that AV. J.  AVilson and called his attention to the  alleyway in the rear of his residence. He  was making improvements to his house,  and the alleyway was not passable. The  city engineer was ordered to make it  passable at once.  Alderman Selous wanted to know why  ex-alderman Gillett's sidewalk had not  been built, and was informed, much to  his astonishment, that the order for the  work had not been passed by the council.  Repairs to the street sprinkling cart were  discussed for a time, and the mayor and  the city engineer both promised that the  driver's life would no longer be jeopardized.  Alderman Irving suggested that the  steam road rosier be used in putting the  lacrosse'grounds in good condition for the  game that is to be played at a no distant'  date between the Shamrocks of Montreal  and the Nelson team.   It was so ordered.  At this stage of the procedings, the  mayor was itching to get the council in  committee of the whole to worry over the  list of people in arrears for dues to the  city, and alderman Irving was just' as  anxious to get in a resolution regarding  the purchase of the tramway by the city.  The alderman had his way and he introduced the following resolution:  "Resolved, that steps be at once taken  to purchase the street car system of the  Nelson Electric Tramways Company, Limited, and such part of the equipment as is  adaptable to the requirements of Nelson."  In support of the resolution, alderman  Irving said that a letter had been received  from the officials of the company in London, England, in which ft was stated that  the company was prepared to consider an  offer from the city. He was in favor of  opening negotiations at once, in order to  find out what kind of a deal could be made,  as he was sure a large majority of the  �� people of Nelson was in favor of the city  purchffsiug^hl'riTff^ op-  5 erating it.  I Alderman Selous���"I am opposed to the  1 resolution because I do not like the way  It it is worded. I will not bind myself to  purchase the tramway. I would stand a  loss of $1,000, and might stand $2,000, but  if it is over $2,000 a year I will oppose its  purchase by the city. We should first  find out just what the tramway company  has to sell, and then find out what it is  worth, before we do anything. AVo should  know exactly what it will cost lo operate  it, for, I repeat, if its operation means a  loss of over $2,000 a year to the city I will  have nothing to do with it."  Aldermen Irving and Hamilton and Morrison could not see in what way the resolution, if passed, would bind the city to  purchase the tramway.  Alderman Scanlan thought the wording  of the resolution should  ho changed.  The mayor thought so too, and he also  thought the question should be handed  over to the public works committee, or a  special one, to deal with.  Tho resolution was handed to tho city  clerk, and when he got through with it,  it read as follows:  "Resolved, that negotiations be entered  into with tho view to the purchase of the  street car system of the Nelson Eleetric  Tramways Company. Limited, and such  part of the equipment as may be suitable  for the city's requirements."  The resolution as changed was acceptable to both alderman Irving and Morrison,  and it was passed by the votes of Irving,  Morrison,  Scanlan,  and Hamilton.  Alderman Morrison stated that Napoleon  Ranger wanted to hire one of the city's  horses and was willing to pay a dollar a  day for its use. The discussion that followed proved that neither the mayor nor  the aldermen knew how many horses the  city had, but il developed the fact that  some of the aldermen believe there should  be changes made in the management of  the   scavenger   department.  Alderman Irving, at this stage, again  forestalled the mayor by moving that Ihe  list of arrears ho considered by the finance  committee, and that the committee report  to the council nt its next regular meeting.  It wns so ordered.  The mayor asked the clerk if tho hospital directors had submitted the report  asked for, and w;is informed that no report    had    been   submitted.  The meeting wa.s then adjourned.  ARLINGTON AND SPECULATOR MINES  ARE PRONOUNCED GREAT PROPERTIES  . Everything transpiring in East and  West Kootenay goes to contradict the  pessimistic utterances of mine managers  like Edmund B. Kirby of Rossland. If  mine-owners had no confidence in the  country or in its lawmakers, they would  not be laying plans for the investment  of more capital. In another place iu  this issu'e, it is stated that the owners  of three of the five smelters operating  in this neighborhood are making preparations to increase the size of their  plants.  The men who own the Arlington and  Speculator mines, near Slocan City, live  on the Pacific Coast, know the country,  its people, and are pretty well acquainted with the men who make the laws.  That they fear' for the investments they  have made in mines in Kootenay, because of oppressive or hostile legislation, is refuted by their own actions.  -T-he-following-is-from-this-'Aveek's^Slo-*  can Drill:  Professor J. R. Parks, the noted mineralogist and mine geologist, has concluded his examination of the Arlington  and Speculator properties and, upon his  recommendation, the companies, acting  in concert, will proceed with the erection of large works for the treatment  of their ores. Once established, the  mill will treat the contents of the vein  entire, together with all the existing  dumps. In examining the properties,  professor Parks treated them as one,  characterizing the vein as the Arlington  fissure, and classing it as th'e foremost  silver mine he knew of in the dry ores.  Just prior to his leaving the city, tlie  professor very kindly submitted to a  little cross-examination as to his visit  here, detailing his experience in these  words:  "For the past month I have been  making a critical examination of tho  combined Arlington and Speculator properties. They possess a large lissuiv,  very highly mineralized, which runs  through tho entire property for practically a distance of two miles. Up to  the present time only the high grade  ores that could stand the charges of  haulage, freight and smelter treatment  have been shipped. Associated with  these ores, however, there is a very  large tonnage of workable ores that  have either been left in place in the  mine, used as filling in the slopes, or  the excess placed on a separate portion  of the dumps as an ass'et. I examined  the property with a view to determining  the ore reserves and probable figures,  and to make a critical examination of  tho mineral constituents of the ore, and  determine whether these lower grade  ores could not be economically treated  on the ground. I have come to tho conclusion that, with a combination mill,  embracing processes in whicli I have  had successful practical experience,  such oi-.s can be 'economically treated;  and, owing to the huge proportion of  them in the vein, the returns in valuable metal from them will appear as a  largo factor in the profits derived from  this great ore deposit.  "This nrethod of treatment that I  have proposed and recommended will  very materially reduce the cost of mining coiuparrd with the present method  of  mining  for   high   grade    ores  only,  during which is necessitated th'e breaking down and caring for a certain portion of lower grade ores. In these dry  ore mines silver is the principal metal  sought for, while in properties in other  camps, such as Butte and the upp'er  Slocan, silver is a bye-product, as it is  associated more or less with other  metals. The Arlington fissure contains  bodies of the highest grade variety of  freiburgite that I have 'ever met with  in my 22 years of practical experience  in all parts of the world, much of it  going 15,000 oz. in silver per ton. Freiburgite, named after the town of Freiburg, in Germany, is a silver-bearing  variety of grey copper.  "At the present time in the mine  there are large reserves of ore, while a  very handsome asset is possessed in the  low grade ores on the several dumps.  The property is capable of the produc-  -tion-of-ore^in^large^quantities^for^many^  years to come. I do not hesitate to say  that the vein will be productive of a  good grade of .ores for a long time in  the future, both laterally and to a great  dc-**th."  In consenting to the above interview,  professor Parks stated he was not in  tlie habit of making public any feature  of a report when examining mines, but  in this instance there were certain  features that the management of the  Arlington-Ricowilabi mines were not  averse to proclaiming in the true interests of the camp. The companies were  clos'e corporations and had no stock for  sale, consequently it could not be laid  to tliem that they were attempting to  force tlie market in any particular. The  successful treatment of the Arlington  ores would open the way for oth'er companies operating in tho camp, and so  remove the only barrier confronting  capital in its effort to win dividends  from the dry ore 'belt.  AVhile not proclaiming the nature of  the mill and the character of the process, he has recommended to the Arlington, professor Parks admitted, electricity would play a prominent part  therein, all the power necessary being  generated at the sawmill and transmitted to tlie proposed works at the mine,  lie had not quite completed his analysis  of the ore, several features of which he  would determine by 100-pound samples.  In the course of a few weeks this work  would be completed, and then he would  he able to inform tlie management  within a very few cents just what the  actual cost of treatment of the ore  by the mill would be. He believed,  though, that the result would be such  that the whole vein could be successfully treated at a profit. If large  bodies of the high grade ore were encountered, then tlie management might  find it advisable to ship that element as  it was, otherwise, everything would be  treated. The professor hinted that hauling by wagons from tlie mine would be  largely discounted, as the product of  the mill would go forward in the shape  of bullion.  With the adoption or professor Parks'  report, tlva management will proceed  with the establishment of tlie mill, in  th'e construction and operation of whicli  many men Avill be employed, while the  force at tlie mine itself will be largely  , increased. In places the Arlington vein  t is 40 feet wide, and the task of taking  out the mineral will give employment to  a. much larger crew than has yet done  service at the mine. Professor Parks'  visit will work a mighty benefit to this  section. .*'..-'  FIRE VALLEY LOCAL AND MINING  NEWS.  FIRE VALLEY, September 24.���  (Special Correspondence). ��� Although ��  the provincial road inspector paid the  valley a visit a month ago, and made  fair promises, nothing has resulted  therefrom. Government agent Fraser  of Revelstoke and mining recorder  Scott of Nakusp have been .here and  paid off the men who were employed on  repairing the main road. The disbursement amounted to   .358.  ^^A^new^nnd^Mias^beeiiTnade-on-the   North Fork of Kettle river, just over  the summit from Fire valley. If it  proves as rich as reports make it, there  will be considerable travel over the  trail up Boulder creek, although the  trail is in bad shape.  Fred. Williamson and George Doylo  have made a fine strike on the Morgan,  one of their claims in the North Fork  camp, and parties from Rossland are  trying to make a deal for the property.  The crops, more especially the fruit  crop, are good in the valley this year.  WELL ADAPTED    FOR    FRUIT'AND  VEGETABLES.  A correspondent at Creston writes:  The Kaslo & Slocan Railway Company  have now sold all the land Ireld by them  in tlie vicinity of Creston. Tho land  was cut up into 40-ncit- lots and sold at  a reasonable figure, the consequence)  being that ready puicha-sers were found.  Nearly all the land disposed of has been  settled upon, and quite an amount of  clearing has been done. The settlers are  going in for fruit growing, as the Kootenay valley lias both climate and soil  adapted for fruit growing. Almost all  varieties of vegetables, from potatoes  to corn and tomatoes, are successfully  grown. The soii has also proved itself  of the best for clover, alfalfa and timothy. AVith such an equable climate  and excellent soil as the Kootenay  vall'ey possesses, there is no reason why  Creston should not be able to supply  West Kootenay with fruit and vegetables  within the next few years, without  Okanagan and other places being called  on.  PRICES  OF  THE  METALS.  Lead was quoted in London on  Thursday at .��10 17s. Gd. At New York,  copper was quoted at $10.75 to $11.75,  according to grade. Bar silver Avas  worth 51 1-2c. in New 'York. British  Columbia smelter prices are based on  the above quotations.  HEINZE STILL IN THE FIGHT.  Although knocked out at the Democratic state convention at Bozeman, F.  Aiic:. Heinze of Butte will organize an  Indrppndent party and form a coalition  with  the Labor party in Montana. 2  The Nelson Tribune  ft  i-.t.  of Mont  Established 1817.   Incorporated by Act of Pailiamcut.  CAPITAL (all paid up)  REST   UNDIVIDED PROFITS.  $12,000,000.00  8,000,000 00  165,856.00  HEAD  OFFICE, MONTREAL  lit. Hon. Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal, G. C. M. G, President.  Hon. G. A. Drummond, Vice'President.  E. S. Clou.9ton, General Manager.  NELSON BRANCH,  Corner Baker and  Kootenay Streets  A. H. BUCHANAN, Manager.  j ImperialBank of Canada I  C_5_"JPI'X,_A.T_,   (Authorized) SB-*!,000,000  CAPITAL     (Paid Up) ��2,BOO'000  "REST  ��� aB2'l2 5'000  HEAD  OFFCE,   TORONTO,   ONTARIO.���Branches in the Northwest Territories, Provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.  T. R. MERRITT, President. D. R. "WILKIE, Vice-Pres. and Gen. Man.  E. HAY. Assistant Gen. Manager. W.  MOFFAT, Chief Inspector.  NELSON BRANCH���A general banking business tranasted.  Savings  Department���Deposits  received and interest allowed.  Drafts sold, available In all parts of Canada, United States and Europe. Special  attention given to collections. j   M- LAYi Manager.  TRAINS AND STEAMERS  Leave aud Airive at Nelsbn aB Below.  CANADIAN PACIFIC SYSTEM  LKAVK  6:00 a. m.  Daily.  CROW'S NEST RAILWAY  Kuskonook, Creston, Moyie,  Cranbrook, Marysville, Fori  Steele, Elko, Fernie, Michel,  Blairmore, Frank, Macleod,  Lethbridge, Winnipeg, and  all Eastern points.   ARRIVE  5:00 p. m.  Daily.  LSAVB  8 a. m.  8 a.m.  8:40 p.m.  Daily  COLUMBIA & KOOTENAY  RAILWAY  Robson, Trail and Rossland.  (DaUy oxcept Sunday)  Itobson, Rossland, Cascade,  Grand Forks, Phoenix,  Greenwood and Midway.  (Daily except Sunday)  6:40 p. m. Robson, Nakusp, Arrowhead,  Dally   fftevclstoke, and all points casf  and west on O.P.R. main line.  Robson. Trail and Rossland.  ARRIVE!  10:35 a.m.  9:3o p.m.  9:35 p.m.  Dafly  9:35 p.m.  Dafly  LEAVE  9:15 ajn.  SLOCAN RIVER RAILWY arrive,  SlocanwCity, Silverton, New 3:40 p. m.  Denver. Three Forks, Sandon  (Daily except Sunday)  LEAVE KOOTENAY   LAKE  STEAMBOATS  _ p. m.    iBalfour, Pilot Bay, Ainsworth  Kaslo and all Way Landings.  (Daily except Sunday)  .p.m.     Lardo and all points on. tho  Lardo & Trout Lake Branch,  i    (On Mon. Wed. and Fri.)  IFrom Lardo and Trout Lake  I    (On Tue. Thur. and-Sat)  "some of the planks of the platform  "than ' Tories can he. and their only  "hope Is that the rank and file in the  "Tory camp will not shy at its socialistic clauses but stay true to the -party  "so that a straight party fight may  "ensira at the next election." Tiro  words quoted indicate that The Times,  although a Liberal newspaper, finds no  fault with the platform adopted by tlr.  Conservative delegates At Revelstoke.  The Times is not far wrong. The platform is all right, and if the men elected  on it will only carry it out, if given a  chance, the result can only benefit the  people of th'e province as a whole.  "inert party matter at the Coast.  "Und'er Mr. Wilson's leadership the  ''party may fulfil its destiny as an ini-  "portant historic element in the gov-  "ernnient of the province."  Last fall the ratepayers of Nelson  ���were asked to give their sanction to  the borrowing of ��150,000 to be used in  installing a power plant on Kootenay  river. The by-law was submitted along  with a number of oth'er money by-laws,  which were submitted for no otheit  purpose than to kill the one for ?150,-  000. All were killed, but the only one  receiving.a majority vote was the one  for $150,000. One of the arguments  used by those who favored the passage  of the .150,000 by-law was that the  city should be in a position to supply  cheap power to industrial enterprises  that might be induced to locate at Nelson. One of the industrial enterprises  then in sight was a lead refinery. That  enterprise is still in sight, and its  location has not been definitely decided  on. But what position is Nelson in to  secure its location here? Probably  mayor Fletcher and alderman Selous  and alderman Hamilton, all of whom  did their utmost to defeat the $150,000  by-law last fall, can tell the people of  Nelson where they stand now on such  questions. They have held office for  two years, and should be able to explain what they have done in that time  to further the city's interests, besides  securing the location of Freil's roller  flour mill.  mining country on earth has more  liberal laws, and no country on earth  has been more liberal in making expenditures for public works that  directly benefited tho mining industry.  The glaring incompetence of mine managers and the crooked manipulation of  shares in mining companies have, in the  past, made British Columbia a byeword  among men who have put money  in our mines. What is wanted in British Columbia is not changes in the  mining laws, but the placing of the  management of our mines in competent  hands; not only men competent technically and practically as miners, but  who are not aliens in spirit as well as  nationality. The fewer Edmund B.  Kirbys the province has, the better will  be the province.  ARRIVE  11:00  a, in.  11 a.m.  GREAT NORTHERN SYSTEM.  LEAVE  Depot  7*15 a,m  Mount'in  8:05 a. m,  Daily.  NELSON & FORT  SHEP-  PARD  RAILWAY  Ymir, Salmo, Erie, Waneta,  Northport, Rossland, Colvillw  ���    and Spokane.  Making: through connection,  at Spokane to the south,  east and west.  ARRIVE  Mount'in  7:19 p.m.  Depot.  8 p.m.  DaUy  LEAVE  Nelson  6:00 a.m.  Kaslo  3:3d p. m.  Daily  KOOTENAY LAKE  STEAMBOATS  Balfour, PilotBay, Ainsworth  Kaslo and all Way Landings.  ARRIVE  Kaalo  8:10 a. m.  Nelson  7:15 p. m.  Daily  LEAVE  Daily  0:00 a. m  1:00 p. tn.  kaslo & slocan  railway   Kaslo   ���-���������: Sandon :  ARRIVE  Daily  3:15 p.m.  11:25 a.m.  Young men are coming to the front  over in Idaho.   At Boise, the state capita], on Saturday last, the Republicans  had a primary election to elect delegates to attend a senatorial. convention.  One wing of the party favors William  E. Borah, a young lawyer of Boise, for  United Saates senator.   The other wing  favors W.  B.  Heyburn, an old Coeur  d'Alene lawyer who passes most of his  tim'e  In   Spokane.      Heyburn had  the  support  at  Boise    of    "Joe"  Perrault,  George Parsons, "Joe" Pinkham,TE. W.  Johnson, Joseph Pence, W. A.  Golder,  H.   B.   Eastman,  Fremont Wood   and  judge   J.   W.   Huston;-  all    of    whom  have fought for the Republican party  for 30 years or more* but the boys who  are  behind  Borah    carried  every  precinct, and won hands down.   This is an  object lesson for the politicians in British  Columbia.    The  younger  element  are in the majority here as in Idaho,  and the   .party   that   recognizes   that  fact will be in the saddle after the next  election.  Now that the provincial, government  is taking steps to sell real estate for  delinquent  taxes,  people are beginning  to  find  that property they own is assessed  in  other  people's  names,  or to  "unknown."    This can  only be attributed,   in   many  instances,   to  carelessness on the part of the assessors..    A  case in point comes up from Bast Kootenay.    A Nelson    business man  owns-  lots in the original townsite of Moyie.  The title is in his own name, and the  deeds are registered in tlie land registry  ofiice at Nelson.    None of the lots are  assessed  to  him, and    because of not  receiving  the  usual  notices,  his taxes  are delinquent, and on each lot besides  the amount of taxes   due is a penalty  that amounts to almost twice as much  as the taxes.    Every assessor in Kootenay can obtain information as to the  ownership of   real property   from the  land registry oflice at Nelson without  cost; but, it appears, that some of them  are unwilling to  go  to  the trouble to  make  inquiries,. and    year  after  year  property is assessed not to the actual  owners, hut to non-owners and to that  convenient    name    "Unknown."      The  finance  minister  had   better  get  after  his assessors, and give them a prodding  with a sharp stick.  THE NELSON TRIBUNE  JOHN HOUSTON, Proprietor  Editorial and Business Offlce  Room 9, Madden Block.  The Nelson Tribune is served by carrier  to subscribers ln Nelson or sent by mall  to any address ln Canada or the United  States, for one dollar a year; price to Great  Britain, postage paid, $1.50. No subscription taken for less than a year.  SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1902.  The Rossland Evening World says it  is not the mouthpiece of Smith Curtis,  M. P. P. Strange it is that every time  Smith Curtis opens his mouth on questions that concern the public, his utterances are quoted with approval by The  World. If The World is not a mouthpiece for Smith Curtis, it is an organ  for that political acrobat, which is  the same thins.  During the month of July the Le Roi  mine at Rossland shipped 16,000  tons  of ore to the sm'elter at Northport The  ore averaged $17.50 a ton in value. The  cost of mining the ore and placing it  on the cars at Rossland was $2.85 a ton,  and the total cost, including office expenditures,  interest on overdraft, 'etc.,  "is^laced"��at"*$3;50=a"tonr==iThe*"cost"of-  freight and treatment was in the neighborhood of ?G a ton.   The total cost of  mining,    freight,    and    smelting was,  therefore, ?9.50 a ton, which l'eft a profit of $8 a ton.    The 2 per cent tax is  levied on the value   after th'e   freight  and smelting charges are deducted, and  would,    therefore, be paid on $11.50 a  ton, and would amount to 23 cents a  ton.   If the tax was on a basis of net  profits, and at the rate levied in Montana (3 per cent), it would amount to  24 cents a ton, or one cent a ton more  than is now paid.    All of which goes  to  show that the hue and cry raised  against the 2 per cent tax is as unwarranted as it is senseless.  Leader Borden's pronouncement on  th'e Chinese question is not to the liking of the leaders of the Liberal and  Provincial Progressive parties, who profess to believe that British Columbia  cannot get along without a servile class  of laborers. Mr. Borden said in his  speech at Nelson: "There are two possible futures for British Columbia.  "The one represents the province as a  "great agricultural, mining, and industrial country, having a laboring population of our own race. The oth'er  "picture represents it as a land of cor-  "p'orations . and ca_>itailists, with a  "servile population sustained by Oriental immigration.   It has been advanced  CITY SAVED THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS  L,ust November the ratepayers ot Nelson  had submitted to them for thoir approval  a proposition to purchase power from the  West Kootenay Power & Light Company.  Tho proposition was as follows:  1. The eity to purchase not less than 100  electric horse-power for one year, the contract lo run from December 1st, 1901.  2. The price to be paid, $3.75 per month  per horse-power.  3. If in any month during the year the  city should use more than 100 horse-power,  the city was then to continue paying for  the increase each month for the remainder of the year.  The proposition was opposed by The  Tribune and it was defeated, although  much pressure was brought to bear to  carry it. The Tribune took the ground  that the proposition was entirely one-sided  and in favor of the power company. For  taking that stand The Tribune and Its  editor incurred the enmity of the class who  profess to believe that public ownership  of utilities is not in the public interest.  Had the proposition carried Nolson  would have been the loser by several  thousand dollars, as is clearly shown by  the following accounts, which have been  paid by the city:  ,; ACCOUNTS.  December 31, 1901.���To 162 average  horse-power supplied for city lighting for 7 clays in December at $3.75  per horse-power per month, one-  fourth    month .....$  151 S7  January 31, 1902.���To average horsepower supplied for city lighting  for   January,   1G2   horse-power,   at  $3.75  per  horse-power     007 50  February 2S, 1902.���To 127.G average  horse-power supplied, for city light  ing for    month  of    February,   at  $3.75  per  horse-power   March 31, 1902.���To 59 average horsepower supplied for city lighting  for month  of March,  at $3.75 per  horse-power -..��� ,    April 30, 1902.���To 3S.3 average horsepower supplied for city lighting  for  month   of  April,   at $3.75  per  horse-power           143 03  May 31, 1902.���To 3S average horsepower supplied for eity lighting  for   month   of   May,   at  $3.75   per  horse-power  .. .     132 75  June 30, 1902.���To 30.4 average horsepower supplied for "city lighting  for    month  of    June,  at $3.75 per  horse-power     114 00  July 31, 1902.���To 79.G average horse-  horse-power supplied for city  lighting for month of July, at $3.75  per   horse-power...     29S 50  August 31, 1902.���To 123 average  horse-power supplied for city  lighting for month of August, at  $3.75  per  horse-power     4G1 25  A.N EARLY-DAY EFFORT OF OLD-TIMERS  TO SECURE AN INDUSTRY FOR NELSON  47S 50  .221 25  The Fort Steele Prospector is authority for the statement that the owners  of the Kootenay Central railway charter have disposed of it to a syndicate of  English capitalists. The proposed railway will have one end at Golden on the  main line of the Canadian Pacific, and  the other at Elko, where connection  would be made with the Crow's Nest  branch of the C. P. R. and the Crow's  Nest Southern branch of the Great  Northern. The portion of East Kootenay through which the road would  run is adapted to farming and stock  raising, and a number of mining camps  are within easy reach.  The Greenwood Times says: "Liberals  "should be perfectly satisfied with the  "result of the Revelstoke convention.  '"They  ara    more  in  sympathy    with  The Fernie Free Press says the Conservative  party platform is  no  better  than that of the Liberal party, but that  its apparent weakness is offset by the  strength  of the men who    have been  placed in charge of the party machine,  and,     accordina   to   the   Fernie    Free  Press,  "if they are given rein, or take  "it, they will carry the party    further  "along the road of reform than the men  "who framed the platform dream'ed of.  "The leader,  Charles    Wilson of Van-  "couver,  is  one of the  most advanced  "thinkers  on social    questions  in  the  "province,   and    the    thought  ho   has  "given   to   such   questions   has   caused  "his sympathy to go out to the under  "dog in the fight.    It is not necessary  "for him to be put upon the stump to  "show   this.'   ��� His   sentiments   are   the  "same off the hustings as on, and his  "evident sincerity has secured for him  "a   very   large    following    among   the  "wage-earners of the terminal city.    A  "man of this type will commend him-  "self to  every    section  of the Fernie  "constituency    and    should    Infuse  a  "wholesome leaven    Into the  mass  of  "that it is not wise to^-esMct-Asiatic  "immigration,  because it must tend to  "hinder  the    development  of  some  of  "the industries of the country.      With  "this pretext I do not agree, as I do not  "think that the development of the industries of the country would  be re-  "tarded by any such course, and in any  "event I would prefer the first picture  "to  the second,  even if the industries  "wero    somewhat    hampered   in   their  "development."    The rank and  file of  the Conservative party, as well as the  rank and  file of the  Liberal and  the  Provincial   Progressive   parties,   prefer,  as does Mr.  Borden,  the first   picture.  British    Columbia lias great industrial  possibilities,    and    developed    by    the  efforts of our own people our own people will  get the rewards,   and British  Columbia will be a land of homes.    If  developed by the labor of Asiatics, directed  by  the capitalistic class, British  Columbia will be dotted here and th'.re  with   castles   .alongside   of   which   will  be found the hovels of the Asiatics.  Total  for  nine  moths $2,009 25  Tota.l  for  nine months  had  proposition of West Kootenay Power &  Light  Company  been  carried 5,407 50  Saving made by city in nine months  by defeat of West Kootenay  Power & Light Company proposition 2.S5S 25  The high average in December and Jan-  uory was caused by the break-down of  the alternating current dynamo, and the  high average in August is attributed to  the same cause. Had the West Kootenay  Power & Light Company's proposal carried, the eity would have been entirely at  ._0j___mj2rc*,*=oj[__lhe_^  of accidents to its own lighting plant.  Instead of an average of 102 horse-power  per month, an accident to the direct current machines would have made the average 302 horse-power per month, and the  city would have been compelled to pay  for 302 horse-power when in reality it only  required from 30 to 40 horse-power. The  people of Nelson cannot be too careful in  considering all such propositions, and they  should not re-elect men to oflice who are  always ready to throw the city down when  the West Kootenay Power & Light Company Is interested.  F. Aug. Heinze, who played a very  important part in the development of  the copper smelting industry of British Columbia, has within the past few  weeks become the most central figure  in the politics of the state of Montana.  Heinze, it would appear, has entered  upon the very ���engaging pastime of convincing the people of his home state  that he is it, and the goal ho is striving for is nothing less than the control  of th'e political destiny of the state.  Whatever the view ono may take of  Heinze, it must be conceded that there  is something very picturesque in his  career. His arrival In Butte was opportune���for Heinze. At this point in  the development of Montana its long  felt want was an independent smelter.  There were smelters there, of course,  but they were operated directly in connection with mining properties owned  in common with the smelters, and tire  lease operators of other properties wero  forced to pay a fan.y price for the  treatment of their output.  Heinze struck Montana as a very  young man. He was fresh from tlie  East, and was accompanied by a  youthful college friend. Between them  they had a stake of $50,000. Heinze  was quick to see the opening the conditions presented for an independent  customs smelter, and although he had  not the means to build a smelter such  as the requirements demanded, he decided to take a fly at tlie game for the  full size of his own -ind his partner's  pile. The result was the erection of a  rattle-trap of a smelter, but it brought  down the treatment rate at Buttte, and  the corner stone was laid in the'fortunes of th'e two tenderfeet from the  East. Heinze played in luck in his  smelting venture, and he was also  lucky in mining. Si_ice then he went  on acquiring property and law-suits in  about equal proportions. In fact, it is  said of Heinze that he has more litigation in hand than any oth'er interest  or combination of interests in the  state, and for years he has been the  thorn in the flesh of the Amalgamated  Copper and other large mining corporations.  There are, of course, two versions iu  the recital of the causes which have  led up to the switching of his politics  by Heinze and to his incursion into the  political arena. There is of course the  somewhat familiar statement���which  is heard when private interests incite a  man to break- into the legislature���that  the necessity has arisen for some  patriot to lead the assault against th'e  increasing encroachments of corporate  greed, and Heinze has urofessed his  willingness to lead the hosts of Democracy against the trusts, and especially  those which he single-handed and  single-eyed has been fighting for years  _*ast.  The other version is not so flattering  to Heinze. It is in 'effect that his property interests have become so involved  in the courts that in order to save  himself he has realized that it has become necessary for him to create the  judges who shall pass upon his contentions, and that the present Heinze  programme means nothing more or  less than the control of the state for  the purpose of electing the judges.  F. Aug. Heinze's ambitions have an  interest for the peopic of British Columbia, irrespective of the direction of  their flight. Especially so is this th'e  case with the residents of Kootenay,  and of Nelson iu particular, in view of  the attention which Heinze for a number of years gave to the exploitation  of th'e resources of this section. True,  there is a regretful tinge to the recollections of the old-timers of Nelson  whenever Heinze's name is mentioned.  It but serves to impress upon them the  occasion-when-Heinze,-arm-in-arm=-witln  Opportunity,    was    knocking  at  their  door with a proposition which, had  they been able to entertain it, would  have made Nelson the recognized  smelting centre of British Columbia.  Heinze saw In the fancy charges then  prevailing for tho treatment of Kootenay copper ores, a chance to give the  producers a substantial cut in their  treatment charges and incidentally  make a fortune for himself. Ready  money at this time was not Heinze's  long suit, but he had an arrangement  with the American Metal Company, of  New.York, by which they were to back  him in the venture, and James Breen,  who was Heinze's smelter superintendent at Butte, was sent ou to Kootenay  in the summer of 1S95 to look over the  ground and pick out a smelter site.  Breen's work was easy. Ho selected  Nelson, but at this point Heinze's arrangement with the American Metal  Company went to pieces. There was  then nothing left for Heinze but to  build the smelter himself, and failing  tlie assistance of the metal company  he was forced to see what he could do  in th'e way of a bonus. Br .en was  given this end of the business as well.  There was not a municipal incorporation of any kind in Kootenay then,  and anything done had to be by individual effort. Tire proposition was  laid before the pioneer business men of  Nelson, and in a little while ten men  wero found who agreed to put up .1,000  each as a bonus. Among the subscribers to this fund were John Houston, George A. Bigelow, "Blake" Wilson, W. F. Teetzel, Thomas Madden, J.  A. Gilker, Turner & Kirkpatriek, R. E.  Lemon and Marks & Van Ness.  This incident is noteworthy now as  an 'evidence of the spirit which in the  early days forced Neison to the fore;  as a recollection of the progressive  period when times were good and the  men in business were willing to put  their bank accounts or their overdrafts  into one pot to speed their own town  in the race it was making with tlie  other centres of population in the district. Heroic as tlie (subscription was,  however, it was not sufficient. It was  then supplemented with an offer of  $15,000 in land for a smelter site,, but  Breen was firm in his price of $25,000  iu money, as that sum was absolutely  needed by Heinze to swing the industry,  and with land, stocks and bookdebts  eliminated this w'hs beyond the means  of the handful of men then carrying on  business in Nelson.  "*' The Humphreys-Moore-Atkins syndicate had been operating in the Slocan,  and for a time gave the owners of prospects and townsites in that district a  taste of boom times. Colonel Humphreys was taking a flyer at Rossland,  and saw the possibilities in Heinze's  scheme, and was ready to get in on it  when Nelson's business men were  forced to pass it up. Colonel Topping  was then working overtime in his  efforts to inflate the boom of the Trail  townsite, of which he and Frank Hanna  were the owners. The two colonels got  together, and when they had finished  their talk, Humphreys had an agreement in his pocket by which in return  for the location of the Heinze smelter  at Trail he was to receive two-thirds  of the townsite. Then Humphreys had  his talk with Breen and the outcome  was an arrangement for the location of  the smelter at Trail in consideration  of a deed for a one-third interest in the  townsite. This was carried out, and  Heinze made his advent into British  Columbia's industrial, and in time into  its political affairs, and the prosperity  which might have been Nelson's went  to Trail, and colonel Topping forgot  his hotel to enter, into the realization  of his dream of many years, and to  blossom out as the father of a townsite  that promised  to become a town.  Having arranged th'e matter of a site  Heinze next set about securing his ore  supplies, and an arrangement was arrived at with the owners of the Le Roi  mine at Rossland for the treatment of 37,500 tons of ore at a rate for  treatment in the neighborhood of $11  per^ton,_ancl__v\'ith^the^right_.to__oall=rQr_  an   equal   amount on  tlie same  terms.  To move the ore to the sm'elter it was  necessary to build a tramway and a  the little narrow-gauge to Rossland  was built under tlie Kellie tramway act.  The smelting venture prospered and  in a short time Heinze decided to take  a fall out of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company ami his line of railway  from the Columbia r.ver to the Coast  was projected. This Heinze christened  the Columbia & Western, and to advance it it became necessary for him  to journey to the capital and solicit a  charter from the provincial legislature.  This trip established Heinze's reputation in tlie provinc3. There were powerful influences interposed between him  and the concessions Ire sought, but the  man from Montana dispelled them all.  Some say he hypnotized the members  of the government and- the legislature,  but this could never be brought home to  him. It was shown that he had given  a banquet at the Driard hotel, and that  he had as his guests at it every politician who had a pull, who thought he  had a pull, or who knew a man who  thought he had a pnlJ, and in front of  each guest there was an intimation to  the 'effect that he could not pull more  corks than the host could pay for. The  banquet was a huge success, and the  records of tlie legislature show that  thereafter there was no clogging of tlie  administrative wheels while anything  Heinze was interested in was in the  mill.  There was a tendency at the time to  arrive at the solution of the matter by  underrating th'e legislature, but the  events transpiring in Silver Bow  county, Montana, suggest that this tendency was wrong. - Due credit should  have been given to Heinze, and too  much weight should not be given to the  envious rumor which credited! to  Heinze the statement that the British  Columbia legislators were the cheapest  lot he had ever run up against.  Heinze has difficulties to overcome in  his campaign in Montana. He has not  succeeded as yet, but it must be conceded he is making progress. In some  manner he has ingratiated himself with  j tho younger element in the distinctively Irish sections of the country,  and has made a strong bid for tho  shoes of the late Marcus Daly. Ho  would like to l'ead them in the old fight  with tho Clark faction, which only  ended with the death of Daly. He has  yet to attain this. As a political apostate he also found some difficulty in  securing recognition as the head of the  Democratic party in his county. But  in th'e primary elections, though in a  marked minority, his followers were  sufficiently energetic to put the majority to physical rout. He then proceeded to organize a Democratic party  which should bear the H'einze mark,  and he did so. The press reports of  this gathering are interesting. Tt is  described as harmonious���painfully harmonious. There was not a point of  order raised, not an amendment mad'e,  not a division of the house, nor a vote  taken oh any question. The nearest  approach which those)-in attendance  had to an exciting time' came when the  chairman began to appoint a committee to select delegates to the approaching convention. Then one member got  upon his fe'et and began:  "I.would suggest as an amendment,  if agreeable to all, that the committee  consist of ten instead of five."  ' "That is out of order,' 'thundered the  chairman, and after this matters proceeded just as Heinze had ordered  them, and the deliberations of the  public body styled the Democratic Party  of Silver Bow County conformed in  'every detail with the programme as  outlined by Heinze before it was organized, or even the men who would make  it up were known.  The effort to seat the Heinze delegates in the state convention, which is  to be held at Bozeman. will be followed  with interest by tho people of British  Columbia, if for no other reason than  to settle the mooted question whether  the master potter can find more pliable  .-layLin^MontanaJ-'ha^  British Columbia's capital.  MUNICIPAL OWNERSHIP OF A TRAMWAY  AGITATING THE PEOPLE OF ST. THOMAS  Drink  Thorpe's  Lithia  Water  As was expected, the pessimistic  utterances of Edmund B. Kirby, manager of the War Eagle and Centre Star  mines at Rossland, is securing a wider  circulation than the cheerful and hopeful words of men who have their homes  and all their business interests in British Columbia. History is merely repeating itself. A wrongful act or a  political blunder will have wide circulation; a good deed or wise legislation  will pass almost unnoticed. The Tribune  is of opinion that the utterances of  Edmund B. Kirby will do this province  great harm; harm that will take years  to undo, simply because his utterances  are not true. Instead of the mining industry in British Columbia b*_ing  hampered   by  unwise    legislation,    no  Every small bottle contains five grains of  lithia carbonate.  CABINET  CIGAR STORE  Imported and  Domestic  Cigars,  Tobaccos,  Pipes and Smokers Articles.  Q.   B.   MATHEWS,  Prorrietor  SEWING MACHINES  AND PIANOS  FOR RENT AND FOR SALE  Old Curiosity Shop, Josephine St., Nelson  St. Thomas, Ontario, is in much the  same position as Nelson. Its street  railway is owned by private capital, and  the venture has not been a profitable  one. Tlie owners of the railway arc willing to sell, and the city council is willing to negotiate for the purchase. In  commenting on the question, the St.  Thomas Daily Tim'es of the 11th instant  says:  OUR STREET RAILWAY.  Now that  negotiations are about to  be opened in regard to the taking over  by the city of the property of the street  railway company, perhaps some suggestions  may  be  made  in  regard  to   tlie  operation of the lines and the difficulties   in   that   connection.     One  of   the  greatest drawbacks to a successful business for the street cars lias been the  absence of cross town linos.   The people  in the central part of the city who had  business to do on Tablot street have always had to walk when in a hurry to  get either way.    They could not spare  the  time to ride    half    way  or  more  around    the    belt.    In order to secure  cross town lines the permission of the  Michigan    Central    Railway   Company  would have to be secured for crossings.  In the event of the company's objection  overhead bridges    would  bo necessary,  and  these    would    cost a considerable  sum of money.   It would seem, howev.r  that tbe expenditure is necessary for at  least two bridges���one, say, at William  street and  another  at Ross  street���hy  which  cars can  be run quickly to the  southern  part of the city.      This  city  cannot afford to lie without a street car  service,  and    radial    lines to  London,  Port Stanley, and Aylmer would, we believe, prove profitable.   St. Thomas has  now a chance to test municipal own'er- I  ship, and the opportunity should not be '  lost. If necessary let the city build its  own power house and operate tlie lines  in the interest of the people. With the  present lines and rolling stock as a  nucleus the cost should not be so stupendous as to alarm the taxpayers. A  street car service can be mad'e a very  desirable convenience if the wants of  the public are made a first consideration, and paying patronage will be assured if the people find they can rely on  transportation at regular intervals. The  following comments of the London  News on the present situation in this  city are worthy of consideration:  St. Thomas has the option of taking  over the street railway of that city, and  the corporation should jump at it. Because the street railway is not making  money   now    counts  for   nothing.    St.  Thomas is bound to go ahead rapidly  in th'e near future, and its street railway should prove a gold mine instead  of a losing concern within the next few  years.    St.   Thomas    can now  get the  railway for a song, and the city should  give municipal ownership a trial.    Did  matters stand the same in London as  in   St.   Thomas,   we  believe    the    city  would  take  over  the  road     wnhin   24  hours.     St.   Thomas   should   profit  by  London's experience.    We have no end  of trouble with the London Street Railway Company, and even now are at law  with them.    We have had  strikes and  reigns  of  terror,    and    soldiers    with  Maxim guns parading th'e streets, and  heavy costs to pay, and deplorable inconvenience    in    the   operation of the  system���all of which would have been  avoided had the eity operated the street  railway.   St. Thomas should not let the  present  opportunity    slip    through  its  fingers.    The city will regret it before  ten years if it does.  St. Thomas is a town with a popula  tion  of  about 12,000.    The  owners  of  the street railway system are unwilling  to make extensions that would give tho  people better service and increase their  own earnings,  hence the desire of tho  people  of  the town   to  undertake tho  work themselves.    So with Nelson, the  tramway  company    was    unwilling to  make extensions that would    have increased its earnings one-third, and the  franchise has  been  forfeited.    A large  majority of the people, as is the case in  St. Thomas, are willing to purchase and  operate the tramway as a public utility,  but   the   element  who   ire   opposed   to  municipal   ownership   of   anything   except  palatial   public  offices  are  apparently working quietly to hand the franchise over to the West Kootenay Power  & Light Company, in order to give that  company an entrance into the city, so  as to enable it to be in a better position  to  ultimately    acquire the business  of  lighting the city.  DRiSSER'S SECOND HAND  ���  STORE AND CHINA HALL, COMBINED  Is the place to  "rubber" before sending1  back East for anything-.  We buy, sell, or rent,  or store anything  from a safety pin to a beef trust.  Western   Canadian   Employment  Agency  ln connection.  Baker street, west, next door to C. P. R,  Ticket Offlce.  P.   O.   Box  5S8.      Phone  2C1A.  Hi: The Nelson Tribune  LIFE ON THE TEXAS - MEXICAN BORDER  HOW DANGEROUS OUTLAWS ARE GOT RID OF  By its tortuous and ever-changing  course from the mountains to the sea, the  Kio Grande del Norte, the dividing line between the United States and Mexico, not  infrequently cuts off a neck of land from  "Mexico, thus throwing it upon the Texan  side of tho river, or a slice from the  ���United States, leaving it upon the Mexican  side. Both countries, however, claim jurisdiction over tho land thus temporarily  nliennted. Tracts of land changed by the  river from one country into another are  called bancos, and are generally the haunt  of criminals fleeing from justice, although  good and honest people are also to be  found living-there.  On one of those bancos, called Surone,  near Santa Maria, Cameron county, Texas,  there lived a man named Abram Garcia,  commonly known as "Cavallo Blanco"  (.White Horse)' as he "had for years past  ridden a beautiful white horse. He was  a man of athletic build, fully six feet high,  handsome, and of pleasing manners.  My ranch being situated near Surone, I  had frequently met him and his wife,  ���Hid had found both of them most hospitable and polite. When I lirst met him he  was about twenty-live years of age and  bore a good character. His frequent absences from home were said to be caused  by the necessity of looking after a ranch  which he owned in the State of Tamauli-  pes, Mexico, of which stale both he and  his wife  were natives.  Robberies and murders were at this time  of frequent occurrence on both sides of the  river,, and created but little attention until a coach wns held up in tho State of  Tamulipas, and all its four occupants,  throo of which were women, killed. This  crime set the country ablaze with excitement and caused the outlaws infesting  that section to lay low for a while.  It was rumored in the Banco Surone  that tho handsome "Cavallo Blanco" had  had a hand in the affair, but this was  indignantly denied by his friends and servants, who proved that ho had been home,  sick in bed, when the outrage was perpetrated, and he was therefore not arrested. He bore such a good character in the  neighborhood, too, that neither I nor my  neighbors believed these startling rumors  for a moment.  Several  months later I  hnd  occasion  to  visit tho banco,  and met Mrs.  Garcia on  the road.    She informed me that her husband  had   returned  home   the  day  before,  desperately wounded in the thigh and almost  dead  with  fatigue,   he   having  been  attacked by robbers.'   She was afraid, she  paid,  that he would die.  She invited me into the house to see her  ,  husband who was lying upon a cot,  look-  ;  ing .haggard-and  worn.    He   received   rae  i with  a ple.'isent  smile.    "Senor  Coronel,"  he said, "I think my time is up, for I am  badly   wounded.    I   havo   a  bullet- in   my  thigh   and   no   one  near  to   extract   it   or  attend  to  the wound properly."  AVhile he was saying this his wife stood  by   crying   bitterly.     Seeing   this,   I   said,  "Madam, dry your tears!   I will go at once  i to the cavalry camp near here and get the  j surgeon lo come and see your husband."  I called upon Captain Beyer, of the Sth  | U. S. Cavalry, and stated the desperate  ���-state poor "Cavallo Blanco" was in. With  I his assistance I managed to induce his  | surgeon, one Dr. McLean���who did not  j relish overmuch the idea of entering the  I desperado-infested banco���to accompany  I me  there.  Arrived at the Garcia ranch, he quickly  extracted tho bullet, and afterwards visited  i the patient daily for about six weeks,  ������ when he informed "Cavallo Blanco" that  iho'would not call again, a.s he considered  I him cured. Upon hearing this good news  ', Mrs. Garcia handed the doctor a bag con-  | tabling $300, expressing profuse thanks for  ; his assistance.  After accepting the money, tho doctor  j asked her if she would have paid him  ihad her husband died. She looked significantly at a pistol hanging upon the wall.  j "Yes, senor," she said, quietly, but with  | a tigerish look in her eyes, "I should  !certainly havo paid you. I would have  =-kiIlcd=you!''"^Vhd^she"^mra3Tt~if~for wlierT  her passions were aroused she was a veritable fury, as I had reason to know later  on.  About   the   time   that   "Cavallo   Blanco"  i returned home wounded a tragedy was en-  | acted  in  tho  State  of Tamaulipas,  about  'twenty-five  miles   from   Bio   Grande   City,  jStnrr County, Texas; but as news travelled  very slowly in thoso days, we did not hear  of it until Garcia was almost cured.   Then.  ; for the first time, I learned the true character   of   tho   man���that   he   was   nothing  more or less than a bloodthirsty highwayman  and  outlaw,   and  that  his  pretended  journeys were only a cloak for the commission  of  deeds  of  robbery  and  murder.    I  learned,  too,  that ho  had  been  the leader  In   this   parliculor  affair,   whicli   occurred  during his  last absence  from  tho  Surone,  ;and  exactly  tallied  with   the   timo  or  his  return.    The details  of  tho  tragedy  were  as   follows:  In Rio Grande City thero lived a man  named Theodore Sanders, a German, who  : owned a store. Ho had married a Mexican  woman of good family, and had several  sons and daughters'. He had acquired but  Utile wealth, owing to the expensive habits  of his family, but nevertheless made a  good living. Ho was a fearless man and  an excellent shot, which qualification, in  a border country, is the best recommendation a man can possess, as character is not  taken   into  account.  Sanders' brother-in-law, a general in the  Mexican army, one day paid him a visit,  and upon his return to the interior of Mexico proposed to Sanders to accompany him  and see if he could find a better businoss  place than Rio Grande City. Tn case he  could not, the general said he would lend  him $5.01)0 in order to enlarge his business  in Texas. This generous proposition wns  accepted by Sanders, who set off in his  carriage, taking an old colored man named  Alfred along as driver. They reached the  general's home in safety, and after spending two weeks (here the storckeeiier decided to return home. Tho general, true  to his word, handed over to him $5,000 in  silver, telling him he could return the  monev when ho got rich. Ho cautioned  him, however, tn take out a permit and pay  tho export duty upon silver when he ar-  rlvrd at Monterey.  Vnnn roaclilng this (own Rnndors procured   the  necessary   permit   and  wcnl   nn  his way home. "When within twenty-five  miles of the Kio Grande he was overtaken  by live mounted men, who commanded  him to halt. One, producing a shield badge  such as is worn by customs inspectors,  asked Sanders if he had any dutiable articles in his carriage, and upon being  handed the permit to export the money  coolly tore it up, at the same time covering the astonished storekeeper with his  pistol. The other horsemen promptly did  the same.  Then they bound Sanders and the ter-  rilled old man and threw then into the bottom of the carriage from which they took  out a AVinchester rille, afterwards turning  the vehicle  into  the  woods.  AVhile passing under the trees Alfred  said, tremblingly: "Mr. Sanders, they are  going to kill us." "Yes," said Sanders, in  a low tone, "but I will have my hands  free in a minute, and there is still a pistol  under my feet, covered by the halters and  ropes, I think we may have a chance yet."  A couple of the robbers���these two actually did belong to the Customs service  in Monterey���rode at the horses' heads,  while one of the others was placed on  either side of the carriage and one behind. Sanders, having succeeded by desperate efforts in freeing his hands, suddenly seized the pistol and fired quickly  at the mon in front, who both dropped  from their horses. Then he turned his  weapon upon the robbers who rode alongside, and finally upon the man behind.  His nim was good, for in a moment two  of tho robbers lay dead in the road, having been shot through the head, and all  the others were wounded and rode off out  of range. Quickly Sanders untied. Alfred's  hands, and both left the carriage in order  to turn it around which the presently succeeded in doing.  Sanders had emptied his pistol, and while  leaning over the fore-wheel of the carriage  to look for a box of cartridges he received  a bulletin his back, fired by on. of the  robbers. Realizing that he was mortally  hurt, he got into the carriage, assisted by  Alfred, and told the latter to drive as fast  as possible to the next ranch, some three  miles distant. He begged him. moreover,  to carry the money to his family.  The robbers now began to approach nearer, but Afred���who did not know how to  handle firearms���kept them at bay by  pointing the pistol at them. Fortunately  tho brigands were by no means in proper  fighting trim, for each of them was more  or  less  badly  wounded.  As soon as Alfred regained the road he  put the horses into a dead run nnd soon  out-distanced the robbers, who skulked  among the trees. He reached the ranch  with Sanders still alive, but unconscious.  The people at the house knew him, and  after lifting. him' gently out of the carriage they took, him into the house, where,  under the influence of restoratives, he became conscious again, and described the  attack and the resulting fight.  The assembled ranchcros proposed at  once to organize a party to pursue and  arrest the robbers; but before the expedition was ready to start out three wounded  men rode into the ranch carrying two dead  bodies. Sanders and Alfred immediately  recognized the party as.,their assailants,  whereupon the new arrivals, much to their  dismay, were seized and bound. They-had  not, apparently, reckoned on their victims  making for this ranch, and had intended  to pose as sufferers from a brigand attack  themselvees.  One of the robbers, who had been shot  through the thigh, was recognized as no  loss a person than "Cavallo Blanco," the  supposed ranchero of Banco Surone! He  said he was desperately wounded and  about to die, and requested to be buried  decently. In consequence of his wound he  was not tied up, but simply placed in a  small room by himself. When the next  day dawned "Cavallo Blanco" had escaped  from his room, stolen a horse, and decamped, and thus it was that he reached  the Surone in the desperate condition in  which I found him at the time I brought  the surgeon to him. Poor Sanders only  lived a few hours, and was buried upon the  ranch, while Alfred drove home to Rio  Grande City, and faithfully delivered the  $5,000 to  Mrs.  Sanders.  _ ___8__l0-0���n_*__. J-learned_thes_e__a.tonishing=  "facts "I crossed over to Matamoras and interviewed tho commanding oflicer of the  Mexican troops, who promised to send a  force of soldiers on a certain -day to the  La Palma ranch, opposite to the Surone.  T agreed to have American soldiers and  deputy-sheriffs on the Texan side to prevent "Cavallo Blanco's" escape, for it  was of the utmost importance that this  daring scoundrel should be laid by . the  heels.  Our plan was duly carried out, but In  some unaccountable manner the outlaw  heard of It. and when the raid was made  upon tho banco both he and his wife had  escaped, having left their ranch only the  night before. After a fruitless search in  Surone, tho soldiers reerossed Into Mexico,  while I Invited tho disgusted captain and  lieutenant to breakfast at my house.  While the meal was preparing the captain  informed me that he had peremptory orders to capture "Cavallo Blanco," dead or  alive, at all hazards, and that he intended  to send out five squads of soldiers, consisting of ton mon each, for the purpose.  Lieutenant Felipo Cavassos, the other officer then present, would command the  troops, ns he himself was physically unable  to endure the hardships as would inevitably be  entailed by the pursuit.  The detail of soldiers was at once selected, and it was arranged to start one squad,  commanded by lieutenant Cavassos, along  the nsain road from La Palma to San Fernando, 150 miles distant. Two squads of  ten men each were to go up the river, one  squad five and the other ten miles, while  the remaining two squads were to be sent  corresponding distances down stream, thus  covering twenty miles of river front.  AVhile eating breakfast the old lieutenant, with a twinkle in his eye, remarked:  "Senor Coronel, I think this ride which we  are about to take will just suit you. I  should very much like to have you for a  companion."  "I was only waiting for the invitation,"  I laughingly replied: "T will accompany  you. with pleasure: but what about provision   for tho  road?"  "Never mind about that." he said; "T  have plenty of enrne sneo ("dried meat) and  tortillas (ash cakes), and if you will bring  some coffoe and sugar we have all that is  necessary; but we must start within the  hour.  Breakfast   being     finished,   the    officers  went down to the river on horseback to expedite matters, while I promised to be at  .La Pulma within an hour. While getting  ready to start it occurred to me that  should we overtake "Cavallo Blanco" there  would most certainly be a fight, and a  lierce one, as both he and his Amazon of  a wife were dead shots. I therefore procured some bandages, lint, and a needle  and silk thread, which came into use later  on, as  the sequel will show.  Reaching La Palma within the hour, I  found everything In wild disorder; men  and women running to and fro and the  soldiers getting ready for the pursuit of  the outlaw. The squad commanded by  lieutenant Cavassos consisted of nine privates, one sergeant, tho lieutenant, und  myself, making twelve in all. The sergeant was an old man, with a face which  bore a resemblance to tanned leather. He  was considered the best scout in the regiment, and always rode in advance of the  troops, examining the tracks in the road.  AVe started about eleven o'clock in the  morning, and rode all day and through  the whole night with occasional short  stops to feed and water the horses. By  ten o'clock the following morning we. had  covered about a hundred miles and were  still pushing ahead as fast as our jaded  horses could go. Suddenly the old sergeant, who was about a hundred yards  in advance, was seen to stop and dismount,  examine the road carefully, and then  await our approach. Upon reaching him,  he remarked drily: "AVe have got them  now! Here are their tracks where they  entered the main road from a side track.  'Cavallo Blanco's' horse ,has lost a shoe,  and they are not far off, for these tracks  are quite fresh." So we pushed on. but  only at a walk, as our horses were nearly  exhausted.  AAliile thus riding along the lieutenant  remarked, po'nting to the o'd sergeant,  "That man's worth his weight in gold in  an expedition of this kind. He's married  and has a large family, and one of his  sons is riding just behind you."  After riding on for some hours, the  sergeant, who was still in front, halted in  front of a small ranch, and when we  reached him he pointed to fresh tracks  near the gate, saying they were the  tracks of "Cavallo Blanco's" horse; he  also pointed to a pony standing under a  tree in the yard, with drooping head and  sides covered with dried foam.  The lieutenant and l entered the yard  and were met by an old man, who, upon  being interrogated, refused to give us any  information until the lieutenant placed a  pistol at his head and demanded to know,  in the name of tho president of the Mexican republic, what had become of the fugitives, threatening furthermore to blow his  head off unless he answered promptly.  This had the desired effect, and the old  man informed us that a man and woman  had left the ranch only half an hour before; that the pony then standing in the  yard had been ridden by the woman; and  that the man had forced him to give up a  saddle-horse, paying for it, however, and  leaving the pony behind.' Upon receiving  this information we instantly mounted  and renewed the pursuit, riding as fast as  ourfatigued horses could go. We rode thus  for about two hours, when the old sergeant came to a sudden halt. As we approached him he pointed to the horse-  tracks In front of him leading into the  woods, and said: "The fugitives are near  at hand, for they were evidently afraid to  cross the open prairie jusjt in front of us.  AVe must be careful now, as we may expect  to be shot at any moment."   .  Scarcely had the words left his mouth  when two rifle-shots rang out. A bullet  passed dangerously near to my head and-  killed a poor soldier just behind me, who  proved to be the son of the old sergeant.  The other bullet did its work equally well,  for it killed a soldier a little further to the  rear. We instantly scattered and dismounted, every man taking cover behind  a tree. The lieutenant and I took the same  tree, and he remarked, quietly, "Thank  goodness, they are at bay at last, we  have them now for certain." '  We were on an elevated plateau, which  sloped gently down towards the open  prairie, and about sixty yards from the  e^lge of the plateau.___Jppn_this_bank^there  were a number of large trees, behind some  of which the outlaw and his wife were  ensconed.  The battle had now begun, the soldiers  firing at the nearest trees, and their lire  being rapidly returned from the thick  cover. The lieutenant, pointing to a curve  in the woods towards the prairie, said:  "Senor Coronel, if you will try to get to  that point you can keep them from escaping along the bank, while I will hold this  point near  the road."  I accordingly ran back Into the woods  and up towards the point indicated. Before reaching- the place, however, I found  that a soldier, sent by tire lieutenant,  was following me. I halted, made a hasty  survey, and found myself about sixty  yards to the right of the trees from  whence the firing proceeded, but with an  open space of about fifty yards in from,  had to be crossed in order to reach tho  bank of the incline towards tho prairie.  This must be traversed if I wanted to get  in line with the trees behind which "Cavallo Blanco" and his wife were standing,  and yet the risk of being shot as I went  across was great. I therefore told the  soldier who accompanied me to run back  about forty yards and begin firing as  rapidly us possible, in order to draw the  attention of the outlaw and his wife from  their extreme right. The ruse succeeded  admirably. I waited until the soldier began firing and then, throwing myself on  the ground, I carefully crawled from bush  to bush towards the nearest trees, which  I reached safely. The first tree stood some  yards from the second, and after crawling  to it I rose to my feet being fully protected from the fire of the bandits by its  trunk. I slowly raised my rifle and peered  round the other tree, expecting to find  "Cavallo Blanco" behind it, but, to my  disappointment, I found his wife instead.  Not expecting any danger from my quarter, she stood fully exposed. The light of  battle was in her eye, and she wns firing  rapidly in the direction of the soldiers. I  had raised my rifle to shoot, but lowered  it when I perceived the woman, whom I  did not desire to hurt. I saw the form of  "Cavallo Blanco" behind the other tree,  with only part of his head exposed toward me. As they wore in line T could  not shoot at him with shooting the woman  and so T waited a few moments for nn  opening,   which   came   when   the   woman  stooped to reload her AVinchester, thus  leaving a space of about ten inches between her head and the tree. I Instantly  fired, and, as I subsequently discovered,  just nicked  the outlaw's ear.  As the shot rang out the woman wheeled  savagely towards me and fired, and so  true her aim that the bark of the tree,  torn off by her bullet, passed close to my  head and ear. I called to her and said:  '���Dona Carmen, for the love of God surrender! I assure you, on my honor that  not a hair of your head will be harmed."  At the sound of" my voice a look of  vexation crossed her face.  "Senor Coronel," she cried, "how comes  it that you are running with these dogs?  Have you come to kill me?"  "No," I replied, "but I am assisting in  the arrest of your husband. Let me beg  of you to surrender to mo. for this Is an  unequal fight, and can only end in your  destruction."  "Surrender!" she replied, defiantly; "I  shall never surrender so long as life remains in my body. They may kill me  while defending my husband; but only  over my dead body shall they ever get  possession of him dead or alive. Had I  known it was you who fired the shot,"  she continued, "I should not have returned it", for well do I remember that but a  short time ago you saved my husband's  life by bringing a doctor to his aid when  he was wounded."  Suddenly with a cry of rage, sho raised  her rifle, pointed it beyond my tree, and  fired. Following the direction in which  the rifle pointed I saw a soldier leap about  three feet.in the air and full prone upon  his face, stone-dead._ lt was the trooper  who had been sent to follow me, and who  had endeavored to imitate my example  in reaching- the trees.  The firing, which had been brisk up to  this time, suddenly ceased, and silence  reigned supreme. I stood like a statue  watching events. Only the sound of a  woodpecker was heard or the distant cry  of a parrot. The stillness became so oppressive that I could hear the beating of  my own heart, but I knew it would not  last long, for it occurred to me that lieutenant Cavassos had marshalled his force  in order to break cover suddenly and  make a combined attack, thus ending the  fight once for all. This proved to be correct, for suddenly a volley rang out, and  the soldiers, headed by the lieuteant, came  on with a rush. Two men fell as the outlaw and his wife fired, and I saw the  lieutenant stagger, evidently wounded, but  still came on. They got In line with the-  trees behind which "Cavallo Blanco" and  his wife were sheltered, and then the outlaw fell riddled with bullets. As he'drop-  ped his,wife ran towards him, still firing  her rifle fuz'iously, but before she reached  his body she fell dead, shot through the  head.  Thus ended the most desperate fight I  had ever witnessed, and one of the most  dangerous outlaws Mexico has ever known,  was   laid   low.  AVe had started out twelve strong, but  only nine returned; three of our party had  been killed and three wounded, including  the lieutenant, so it will be seen that the  brigand and his wife died hard.  It only remains to say that the pair  were buried together on Ihe spot where  they fell. A search through their clothing brought to light about $S00 in gold,  besides a bag containing a number of  diamond rings, bracelets, and other jewelry  a portion of which was afterwards identified as having belonged to various people  who had been killed by the outlaw. The  money thus recovered was equally divided  among the men composing our party, but  as I declined any portion of it, I received  instead the famous white ��� horse which  "Cavallo Blanca" had ridden for several  years, and which had earned him his nickname.  Lieutenant Cavassos shortly afterwards  was promoted to a captaincy, as a reward  for having rid the country of the most  dangerous and daring outlaw that ever  infested the border.  Good blood makes good muscle timber.  It takes exercise to develop that timber.  We can't do that for you. You must have  the material or you can't work up the  muscle.  Beef, Wine and Iron.  is the starter. It makes tho foundation.  It makes blood���red blood, too. It gives  you ambition to get started. Nothing like  getting a good early start.  Our Beef, AVinc and Iron is made of tho  best beef extract the purest citrate of 'con,  and a carefully selected sherry wine.  Other Good Tonics are  KOLA-PEPSIN-CELrcRY   AVINE  AVILSON'S INVALID'S PORT  AVINE  Canada Drug & Book  Company, Ltd.  REISTERER & Co.  WERS  Ol'  LAGER   BEER   AND   PORTER  Put up  In  Packages  to suit  the  Trado  Brewery   and   Oflice   on   Latimer   Street,  Nelson,  B.  C.  PATIENT AND ECONOMICAL HOUSEWIVES  ARE THE REAL CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY  There is great talk noAvadays about  "captains of industry," and much is  spoken of the achievements of ru.n.  Now, I want to tell you about the real  captains of industry���the ones Avho are  in a greater measure deserving of  praise than the inventors of steam  boilers and the manufacturers of sadirons���but they are not men. They are  the wom'en who keep house.  The making of a home is a woman's  especial privilege. Next to motherhood  ���indeed, so close that it is hard to  draAV the line���homemaking is the most  sacred of all the states of womanhood.  And the woman Avho makes any place  chome in the true and full meaning of  the blessed word, must at least know  something about the art of housekeeping, 'even though it v'alls t*o her fortune only to oversee the working of  others. She is more to he honored and  praised if she herself is the housekeeper. In nine out of ten cases she  will be happier too, I believe.  It is the "art" of housekeeping to  me, because I believe it that in every  sense. Like any other art, it may be  defamed and denied ,as it is. That does  not lower its high standard any mor'e  than Miss Euphemia Jones' criminal  copy of "Pharaoh's Horses" renders  the "Sistine Madonna" less a wonderful painting. It is an art which will  bear thought and study worthy of any  mind, and it pays its reAvard in the  purest gold the Avorld knoAvs. Its influence on the liv'es of men and women  is not to be lightly regarded, and its  place in the catalogue of accomplishments is among the highest and most to  be desired. Thus much of the art; Avhat  of the artists?  They are tire real captains of industry! They are even more. They combine nobility with usefulness. It is.  theirs to deal with the seeming small  matters of everyday living and doing4  which are in the end the vitals of existence.  In a vast majority of cases they receive little credit, because tlvere is no  way in Avhich their efforts may take  tangible and impressive form. A clean  room is good, but rooms should be  clean; so Avhat of it? A well-cooked  and daintily served dinner is pleasing,  but comment is only needed Avhen it is  not that. So it goes. A nroal which  may have taken more time and thought  than the roan of the house spent on a  thousand-dollar deal is over and forgotten- in an hour, and even then  there are^the dishes to Avash and cthe  table to reset and the kitchen to put  to rights���for it is only ten hours until  breakfast. The most of men, I fear,  are lax in saying good things about  what they find AVh'en they come home  at night, but they seem fond of having  their own doings praised.  They are the real captains of industry���the patient, economical, cheerful  houseAvives of the nation. Tlvey have  no half holidays. Their work is never  done. The end of one part is the he-  ginning of another. And they get too  little credit.  There are so many big things to  talk and think about in these days  that the doers of the little things are  apt to be oA-erlooked. But these latter  are what count. You never hear of a  hoin'e "failing" or "suspending" or  "going under"���that is, unless some  man does one of the threo first. They  haven't time to do such things. Each  day must have its trio of meals, and  each night its warm, well arranged  room. Each Monday must show a  snowy line of white, indicating dirt's  surrender, before 9 o'clock, and each,  noon must And the larder stocked for  the next tAventy and four hours. No  matter what goes on in the outside  world, the house has to he kept. Dinner  is as inevitable as death.  Th'ey are the real captains of industry, and they should receive such  treatment in their art as will convince  them that there is no truer, higher  callin;.. - ���  When that has come the "social"  question . shall * be nearer to solution,  and happiness will find no end of  places in which to dAvell. And it is  coming, I hope. We have had enough  of woman in her "proper sphere" tp  prove conclusively that which has aj-  Avays been a truth���that h'er proper  sphere is what it always Avas. '  Housekeeping, which is only another  name for homemaking, is indeed an  art, and she who is proficient therein  plays the most important part in the  human order of things. The most important, mind you. and I'm a man. ���  STANLEY   STREET.-  [ Nelson Saw and Planing Mills; Limited. I  1 -ayc^^jsrTJF-^^CTTTJRB^s ========== \  \ ������~~~���  \  t      Lumber, Lath, Sash, Doors, Mouldings, and all kinds of     |  | Factory Work. t  _���  KILN-DRIED LUMBER FOR THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY TRADE A SPECIALTY. *     " "    ' " "   ~"      t  .*������ ' ���   ��� "I  | COAST FLOORING AND CEILING KEPT IN STOCK |  I  Office and Mills at Foot of Hall Street, NELSON,  B.C. I  ������������������������*�� --v *+���+�����+��������� ��������*������������ ^���������������������H44*��M4M��*������H*����UH��*H��M**>��*fH'��*��*��*����4��-��*M����*>��t  PIE KNEAA1" JOHN M'KANE, CUT SHE  DIDN'T.  Miss Ruby Eotlnvell of Gait, Ontario,  gives a fanciful description in tlie Gait  Reporter of the voyiiye ot" a batch ot*  Canadian girls who went out to teach  school in South Africa. They sailed from  Southampton, Ens., on May 3rd, and reached Capetown on May 2'ii'd. There were  also a contingent of men on tlie same ship  going out to do clerical work. The following is what Miss Kothwoll has to say  ot* them:  "They were in khaki, and of course  under military discipline, so they are confined to the troop deck, except on special  occasions. Some of them are college bred,  and it seems odd to see a man who has  been talking about poetry and music and  moonlight on the sea, ordered in rather a  brutal way to go below and look sharp  about it. One big Scotchman asked me if  I knew John McKane of Rossland, and  when I told him that about three thousand  miles of continent stretched between ine  and John, he fairly gasped. "I thought  you were one of the Canadians," he said  when he had recovered his breath. "So  I am," I answered calmly; whereupon ho  relapsed into silence and pondered for a  while: "It seems to bo a big country,"  he said. "It is big; but after all there's  no place like England." (For a moment I  had forgotten ho was Scotch). "England,"  he burst out contemptuously, "Have you  ever been in_S_eotland?" _"No.__X answer-.  The J. H. Ashdown Hardware Go.   ��� ���- LIMITED ������...  IMPORTERS AND DEALERS  IN  SHELF AND  HEAVY  HARDWA  Fire Brick, Fire Clay, Portland Cement, T-Rails, Ore Cars, Sheet  Steel, Crescent, Canton and Jessop's Drill Steel.  ~ed humbly, "but I've been in Gait, Ontario,  and that's just the same thing." Tie looked doubtfully, but was too polite to dispute  my word. Just then the lieutenant came  along, and reminded him gruffly that it  was time to get down, and my big Rob  Hoy tore himself reluctantly away. I'm  sure he wanted to ask me if T had over  been scalped, or if my mother was a  souaw."  BRITAIN'S BEST MATERIALS.  CANADA'S BKST WORKMEN.  Tinware and Graniteware.   Stoves and Ranges.  BAKER ST.  NELSON   B.C.  Wholesale  ^J^H Meat Merchants  Head Oflice and Cold Storage Plant at Nelson.  Branch Markets at Kaslo, Ymir, Sandon, Silverton, Revelstoke, New  Denver,  Cascade,  Trail,  Grand  Forks,  Greenwood,   Midway,  Phoenix,  Rossland, Slocau City, Moyie, Cranbrooke, Fernie mil Macleod.  Nelson Branch Market, Burns Block, Baker Street.  Orders b.  mail to any Branch Avill receive prompt and careful attention.  Before placing your order  FOR CLOTHES  SEE  Avhat can be done by  d. A. DAVIDSON  ffnS'Kr11"-' Merchant Tailor  CERTIFICATE  OF IMPROVEMENTS.  NOTICE.  Kathleen    minora]   claim,    situate    in    the  Nelson Mining Division of AVest Kootenay   District.     Where   located���Between  Forty-nine and  Eagle creeks.  Take  notice  that AVilliam  N.  Rolfe  and  Arthur   E.   Hodgins,   Free   Miners'   Certificate   No.   50.KM,   A.   E.   Hodgins,   exempt.  Intend,   sixty   days  from   the  date   hereof,  to apply lo the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of  Improvements,  for  tho purpose  of obtaining a Crown Grant of the above  claim.  And further take notice that action, under section ,.7, must be commenced before  tho Issuance of such Certificate of Improvements.  Dated this 5th day of September, A. D.  1902.  STARKEY & CO.,  WHOLESALE   PJjOVfSIONS,  PRODUCE AND   FRUITS.  f B. A. Rogers & Co., Ltd., Winnipeg.  J H. K. Fair hank Hn..      -      Mnntrnal.  REPHfSETlMC  J f|. K. Fairbank Co.,  (Simcoe Canning Co., -  Montreal.  Simcoe.  Oflice and Warehouse,  Josephine Street,  NELSON, B. C  SPECIALTIES   FOR MINE  TRADE  VEGETABLES  and FRUITS  TARTAN BRAND  Morrison & Caldwell, Grocers  Open till 10 o'clock, p. m., Saturdays.   Tremont Block,  Baker Street,  Nelson.  West Kootenay  Butcher Co.  Fresh and Salted Meats  Fisli and Poultry in Season  Orders by Mail receive Careful and  Prompt Attention  E. CTUA.VRS. Mvmif-er, IC.-W--C.H1_., Xolson  PELIGNITE ^e Wrongest and Best Fxplosive in, the Marke  Manufactured by ihe HAMILTON  POWDER COMPANY  OKO. C. TUXSTAT-I . Jl!-. Maini^eturers of  DLsiriot "Mgr.. Nelson, i..c.    High Grade Explosives, Sporting, Mining nn.d Blasting Powder 4  The Nelson Tribune  The J. H. Ashdown Hardware Co.   ;  LIMITED ���������  IMPORTERS AND  DEALERS IN  SHELF AND  HEAVY  HARDWARE  Fire Brick, Fire Clay, Portland Cement, T-Rails, Ore Cars, Sheet  Steel, Crescent, Canton and Jessop's Drill Steel.  Tinware and Graniteware.   Stoves and Ranges.  BAKER ST.  NELSON  B.C.  4.^.4.^. 4>^.<{. 4. .5. <��4.<>��<$<.<��<^<t<>��<��<��+<*<fr<*<��<fc*'r> -b -b 4, + *i,4,4' + + 4,*l* ���H*  A A  ���*  ���Z*  *  ���Z-  +  ������*���  ������*_���  *,  *  *  *  ���Z>  ���Z-  W. F. Teetzel & 60.  DEALERS IN  DRUGS AND TOILET ARTICLI S.  iPATENT   MEDICINES,  SPONGES, PERFUMERY. ETC.  IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS IN  ASSAYERS' FURNACES.  BATTERSEA AND DENVER CRUCIBLES,  SCARIFIERS AND MUFFLES,  CHEMICALS,  CHEMICAL APPARATUS.  The largest Drug House  Be: ween Winnipeg and the Coast.  Corner Baker and  Josephine Streets  NELSOJI  *  -b  ���b  ���b  *  *  *  +  ���b  -b  ���b  -b  -b  *  *  *  4-  *  ���b  ���b  ���b  4*  4-  *  a a A 4. a a a 4.4.4.4.4. 4. 4-4��<^4,4,*^4*>4,4*,4',4*'4'4*4*4*4*4' ���_������_��� ���$������}��� ���J-><>I�� �����������$��� ��j��  MORLEY & CO.  Wholesale and Retail  Booksellers  Stationers  And  Artists' Materials  Engineering and Mining  Books  Typewriters  Mimeographs  Photographic Supplies :  Musical Instruments  Morley & Co., Nelson, B.C.  THE TOWN AND DISTRICT  "Sam" Green, postmaster of Kaslo, is  the father of another son, born last week.  Every sawmill in Kootenay is working  full time, and good sawmill men are in  demand. ���  Charles J. "Wilson returned to Vancouver  on Wednesday to close up a mining deal  that will put him on Easy street.  The Jowett property at the northeast  corner of Victoria and Ward streets was  sold  this week to Victoria parties.  Mrs. Elizabeth Morice has opened a  grocery store in the building on Front  atreet former 1 y_occupied by_S._E...Les.er.___  The Detroit Tribune has a hot roast on  a syndicate that is attempting to unload  Slocan City prospects on Detroit people.  It is reported that Charles P. Walmsley  . of Sandon has purchased the Bodega  saloon in this town, and that he will take  possession on Tuesday.  Owing to the death of one of captain  Fraser's children, port captain Gore had  to try his hand at running the steamer  Minto for a trip this week.  Among the arrivals at the Phair during  the week were C. T. Howe and A. C.  Gurnee of New York, who spend their  summers at Bar Harbor, Maine.  P. I-i. Hewitt of Eholt, Charles Moore of  Ady, Washington, J. O. Lewis of Boundary  Falls, and J, V. Manley of Midway are  registered at the Sherbrooke hotel.  Nelson's prospective iron kings have men  at work stripping the Iron ledges on Gray's  creek, and hope before the winter sets ln  for good to be able to say "the world is  ours."  Anthony Madden of Slocan City, reports  that town slightly agitated over a case of  "knocking." Several mining deals that  were pending are said to have fallen  through.  R. G. McLeod, the mining man, is down  from Camborne and will remain in Nelson  for two weeks, and will then go to California, where he and Mrs. McLeod will  spend  the winter,  Robert Shlell of Fire Valley, put in a  day or two at Nelson this week. Mr. Shiell  has a ranch in the valley and is also interested in mining property on the north  fork of Kettle river.  Several of Nelson's prospective coal  barons were shivering yesterday on street  corners. They are long on coal lands, but  short on the coal that burns in heating  stoves   and   furnaces.  G. A. Mitchell of Rossland, who represents the Northern Pacific railway in  southeastern British Columbia, sized up  the freight situation in Nelson/this week,  and left for home satisfied.  James E. Dolan of Bonners' Ferry, Idaho,  inspector of customs, is in Nelson on business connected with the United States  treasury department. Mr. Dolan is well  known to out* old-timers, as he was business agent for the Hendryx syndicate  from 1888 to 1892, with headquarters at  JCootenay Station, on the Northern Paciflc.  Mrs. Dolan and the children have been  visiting with her sister, Mrs. Becker of  Hall street for the last two weeks.  Bernard Macdonald, the Rossland mine  manager, leaves Rossland to take up his  residence in Spokane. This means that  the celebration of "Barney's Day" will no  longer be a live issue at Rossland.  Will F. Glasson, who is employed at  the Yellowstone mill, nine miles east of  Salmo, is in'^Nelson. The Yellowstone mill  is running on ore from the Queen mine,  and some 20 men are employed at the mine  and- mill.  T. M. Ward and a number of fellow-  sportsmen are back from a shooting trip.  They covered the ground at the foot of  Kootenay Hake, but failed to bag enough  game to give them a place among successful   hunters. . ."  The long-hand journalist of The Tribune  met an old-timer on Baker street yesterday  and inquired as to how he was getting  along. The reply was original. It was:  "I am so poor I can't buy a feed of oats  for the nightmare I had last night."  "Joe" Tasse, the cigar manufacturer of  Montreal, has made so much money that  he no longer takes the road himself. He  has as a representative in B. S. Miers,  one of the most popular men that travels.  Mr. Miers is registered at the Phair.  The people .of Rossland are "kicking"  because their brand new postoffice is ready  for occupancy and is not occupied.1-' The  people of Nelson are "kicking" because  they do not know when their brand new  postoffice building will be ready for occupancy.  R. S. Gallop of Windermere, was in Nelson yesterday. "Dick" is an old-timer in  West Kootenay, having prospected and  mined in every camp in the district. He  says the Windermere country is a promising __one^_and__will_come__to_the__front_ln_  time.  Thomas W. Lillie, chief of the Nolson fire  department, leaves for Victoria on Sunday to attend the annual convention of  fire chiefs. He goes by way of the C. P. R.  and will be gone two weeks. In his  absence "Jim" Chambers will bo acting  chief.  Word was received at Nelson yesterday  of the death of Mrs. Gordon Bush at  Aultsvllle, Dundas county, Ontario. She  leaves six daughters and four sons, three  of whom livo hero, namely, Howard Bush,  Mrs. John A. Irving, and Mrs. Lambert  of Ymir.  Tho Instruments ordered for the reorganized brass band have been shipped and  will arrive next week. Director Irwin  says tho ne^r band will have 15 pieces, and  once it has had practice, It will make a  showing that will put Nelson to the front  as a  band  town.  James Wilks has been succeeded by  Frank Phillips as secretary of the Nelson  Miners' Union, and on Wednesday next  he will bo presented with a gold watch by  the*.members of the union as a token of  their appreciation for the work he has done  The presentation will be made at the  Grand Central hotel.  The Rossland Miner of Thursday has a  pipe-dream story regarding contemplated  changes in the provincial government offices at Nelson. That changes may bo  made is not improbable, and when they  are made it is not unlikely that they will  be entirely satisfactory to those who make  them,  and to the public as well.  On Tuesday next the Ladies' Aid Society  of the Catholic church will open a bazaar,  at which will be displayed for sale a collection of articles made by the ladies of  Nelson skilled in needlework. The proceeds realized will be donated to the Sisters  of St. Joseph school, one of Nelson's  leading educational  Institutions.  One wholesale house at Nelson receives  carload after carload of fruit from Wenat-  chee, Washington. The fruli is of excellent quality, and Is. grown in orchards  owned by men wso know that they must  work in order to live. The Wenatchee  country is in no way superior to the  farming sections of Yale district, in this  provinco; but the trouble i.s, the men who  own farms in Yale district can mako a  living without work, and the result Is that  tho people in the mining camps ia south  eastern British Columbia cat fruit on  which they pay heavy import duties and  high freight rates.  J. W. Whitehead, Ten-Mile, Slocan; R.  McLeod, Kokanee; and B. M. Collings,  Ymir, are at the Tremont.  Henry Todd, Rossland; C. T.. Hittle,  Slocan City; and AVilson Hill, New Denver,  are registered at the Madden.  I-I. W. Shaw, Vancouver; John Leahy,  Rossland; D. Peachy, San Francisco; and  H. W. Ross, Roderick Dhu mine, are at  the  Bartlett  hotel.  Ji. H. Cowie, Lethbridge; Ed Grant,  Slocan City; Ell Peucord, Poorman mine;  A. B. Buckworth, Ymir; l-I. C. Wicks,  Midway; and It. A. Mickerton, Trail, registered  at  the Grand Central  yesterday.  James Conway, Rossland; C. Cockrell,  Rossland; J, Royal, Rossland; J. 11.  Thompson, Silverton; A. Beauvolt, Sand  Point, Idaho; and 11. Percy, Vancouver,  are registered at the Lakevlew hotel.  J. W. Wardner, Morrissey; B. G. Walker,  Toronto; J. E. Rice, Quebec; Mr. and Mrs.  A. Samler Brown, London, England; Miss  Goddard, London, England; and W. E.  Hodges, Nakusp, were registered at the  Phair last  night.  Mr. and Mrs. John Clinton, Kaslo; O. B.  Appleton, Eight-Mile; R. M. Benson, Ab-  botsford; Chester McLean, Davenport,  Washington;   Mrs.   A.   Audet,   Ymir;   Mrs.  A. Julian, Ymir; D. A. Cameron, Ymir;  W. H. Davidson, Slocan City, registered  at the Queen's yesterday.    ,  H. B. Gilmour, M. P. P., of Vancouver,  was registered at the Hume on Thursday.  Mr. Gilmour represents the Watrous Engine Works of Bravitford, Ontario, and  sells more mill machinery than any other  man in British Columbia. He is a Liberal  in politics, and recognizes "Joe" Martin  as leader of the party in this province.  Kaslo is to have two new mercantile  establishments. One will handle hardware and the other general merchandise.  This is one of the results of the recent  merging of the business houses of Green  Brothers, H. Giegerich, H. Byers & Co.,  and A. W. Morris. The people of Kaslo  evidently think they want competition that  will compete. ���  B. W.. Lay ton, Ohio; M. W. Blumenberg,  Washington, D. C; R. S. Gallop, Windermere; Frank McQuaid, New York; C. S.  Craddock, Medicine 'Hat; W. E. Boie,  Slocan; W. R. Wilson, Rossland; W. E.  Mann and daughter, Waverly, Wash.; A.  D.  Mars,  Spokane;  J.  Ranton,  Winnipeg;  B. Lequeme and family, Grand Forks; C.  A. Carman, Vancouver; J. G. Irving, Midway; G. H. Ellis, Midway, are stopping  at the Hume.  The baseball season will end on the last  day of this month. The team at Nelson  did not make much of a record during the  season, only winning one game���from Sandon. But one of its old players, however,  is making; a record with the Tacoma team.  -On -Thursday against Portland,^ Rocken-  iield- made 2 runs, 2 hits, 3 putouts, i  assists, and no errors. The feature of the  game,, according to the papers, was Rock-  enfield's home run over the right field  fence when two men were on bases, earning three runs.  The Tribune is in receipt of the following:  "You 'will be doing the educational prestige of this city some good if you call the  attention of' the school board, to the'fact  that the principal of the high school has  a great deal more to do than he can possibly do justice to, however clever he may  be. There are present some 30 regular  attendants, which in itself is nothing out  of the way, if they were all in one grade.  As it is, there are three grades, which  necessitates going over twenty subjects  three limes, and in one grade I understand  there are only three children. There  appears to be some reluctance on the part  of the trustees to move in the matter until  January, notwithstanding that an . appropriation has been made, the reason being  that they will have more time to get a  good man and that the number of pupils  is even now uncertain. In common with  other parents, I am anxious to see this  school get the benefit of an up-to-date  management, as much for the sake of the  students as for the reputation of this city  as an educational centre."  THE  SISTERS'  FAIR.  The final arrangements have been made  for the opening of the Sisters' fair, which  "wilFtake place oh~Tuesday, the 30th, at 4  p. m., and continue for the remainder of  the week. Dinner will be served daily at  5.30 p. m., the dining room being superintended by Mesdames Archambault, La-  belle; Lambert, St. Denis and Demars.  The sales ladies are as follows: Fancy  Work Tables���Mesdames Clarke, Sturgeon,  Madden, Curran,. Paquette and Gigot.  Plain Needlework���Mrs. Davidson and Mrs.  Kelly. The tabic of religious articles will  be presided over by Mesdames Archambault and Label le. Afternoon Tea Tables  ���Mesdames Tierney and Toupore, and Miss  McAstocker. Fishpond���Mrs. Labbe and'  Miss McDonald. Candy Table���Misses  Sturgeon and Tierney. The Post Office���  Misses ' Clarke, Gigot and Scanlan. Tho  evenings will he enlivened by agreeable  selections ot music and half hour concerts.  The articles offered for sale aro so varied  and up-to-date that no intending purchaser  will be disappointed. It I.s requested Ihat  those  who  do  not  see exactly  what  thoy  HOTEL PHAIR  | 80 ROOMS  All SV|odern Conveniences  Special F(ates to Tourists  E. E. phair  PROPRIETOR  Stanley and Victor     Streets,     NKL.ON, B.C  BARTLETT HOUSE  Josephine  Street,  Nelson.  The best $1 per day house In Nelson.  None but white help employed.   The bar  the best.  6- W- Bartlett - - Proprietor J  -#  %  %  *^*#-#-*#-#-#-#-#-#-#-#-#*#-^-#-#'#-#-*#-"$*. *#-#-^-*#-##���**��.-#%^%^*##^."#  FRED IRVINE <& CO. *  BAKER   STREET _---   Just received, a largv. stock of  Ladies' Cloths, suitable for tailor-  made Suits, Storm Skirts, Children's Coats and Ulsters. See tlie  balance of our Pattern Hats wh.ii.li  we are offering at prices oxtrenv.ly  low. We are showing the latest  conceits in Ladies' Ready-to-Wear  Hats, and we have an endless assortment to select from.  -*_��<*  Tf  Tr  ^*  Tr  -��'  Tr  FRED IRVINE &  CO  ���fc  ir-  -fs.  "��*-  *<5V  ^**iMK ^^^f^^^fF.^ ���****���** %**%#��� *^*#r^^^-fiV#r ^^  seek for, would kindly inquire with the  sales ladies, and this failing, rest assured  the much coveted article is antique. It  may be well to remember that all audible  detractions and unkind criticisms are contrary to the precepts of charity and  etiquette. Any persons thinking they can  do better, may still do so, by sending or  giving $10 to any of the organizers. Ladies  and gentlemen under six months old are  admitted free on Ma's arm. A cordial  invitation is extended to all interested in  this worthy cause; and the ladies look  forward to a liberal - patronage from tho  citizens  of Nelson.' '-������'.  COMES  TO  THE   HALL  MINES  SMELTER AT NELSON.  The tid'e is. beginning to turn. Ore  mined in Kootenay has helped out the  smelters in the United States for years.  Now ore mined in the United States is  coming over to. be smelted in Kootenay.  The California mine at Republic, Washington, has been turned down a number  of tinves by experts, but it is turning  out to be a mine. Eight hundred tons  liave been shipped, and th'e returns are  said to have netted the owners ?1,200  a carload. The ore carries gold values  only/ and comes to the Hall Mines  smelter at Nelson, over th'e Great  Northern railway. The California is  now employing 65 men at the mine, and  the ore it ships is helping to give 100  men steady employment at Nelson.  ONTARIO GRAPES BEGINNING TO  ARRIVE. "  Three' years ago the first Ontario-  grown grapes sold in Nelson were  brought in by th'e Dominion Express  Company, the management of the company deeming it wise to make an endeavor to introduce in this market fruit  grown in Canada. Today Nelson fruit  dealers are receiving consignments of  grapes direct from dealers at Jordan,  Lincoln county, Ontario, and where the  express company was handling a few  baskets three years ago it is now  handling tons. The grapes are said to  be equal to the famous Concords of  northern Ohio.  MADDEN HOUSE  BAKER' AND WARD STREETS,  NELSON, B.   C.  Centrally Located.       Electric Lighted.  HEADQUARTERS     FOR     TOURISTS  AND OLD TIMERS.  THOMAS   MADDEN,  Proprietor.  Queen's Hotel  BAKER STREET, NELSON.  Lighted  by    Elecrlcity  and  Heated  with  Hot Air. .  Largo and comfortable bedrooms and  first class dining room. Sample rooms for  commercial men.  RATES .2 PER DAY  .NEW7.RAILWAY_OPENED^  The Crow's Nest Southern branch of  the Great Northern railway is now in  operation, and has commenced hauling  coal from the mines at Morrissey to  points in Montana. As soon as the  coke, ovens are in operation at Morrissey, coke for the Nortliport smelter will  be shipped over the new road.  TO RENT.  A AVELL Furnished house of six room,  for six months; piano; electric lights; all  conveniences. Apply to Mrs. \V. P. Robinson, Carbonate street, west.  FURNISHED Rooms; from $5 to $7.50 per  month. Apply to Mrs. Elizabeth Morice,  Lake street, east of Cedar street  Mrs. E. C. Clarke,  -   Proprietress  TREMONT  HOUSE  European and American Plan.  Moalp 25 ct<*.   Rooms from 25 oU. to ��1.  Only White Help Employ- d,  MALONE & TREGILLUS,  Baker St., Nelson. Proprietors.  They have arrived !    You must see -them I  They are goods of the most beautiful  design and texture that ever left the looms  of old England or Bonnie Scotland. They  are perfect in coloring, elegant in weave,  snd fashioned especially for the fall of  1U02. The fashions for this season are so  radically changed that you will be entirely  out of fashion without them. You may  with perfect confidence leave your orders  With :   ARTHUR GEE  Merchant Tailor  TREMONT  BLOCK,  BAKER ST.,  LAST.  He   will   give   you   the   stylish   cut   and  finish for which he has gained a deservedly  high  reputation.  SUITS FROM $25.00 UP.  GEO. M. GUNN  Maker  of First-elass Hand-made  Boots  and Shoes.     Ward Street, next now Postofllce Building, Nolson, B. C.  Repairing   Neatly    and    Promptly    Done  Satisfaction Guaranteed in all Work  Are You Interested  In the Grocery question; if so our goods represent every cent of tho money for which  they  are  sold.  When you are buying from us you are buying tho best the market can offer, and  at a lower price all round than you can obtain anywhere for tho same value.  <.  You Can Make No Mistake  by giving us your business, as we have the best stock  of  Groceries  to  be found in  the Kootenay.  Baker street, Meison.    ju g. McPherson, Leading Grocer  ASK   FOR  J. A.  Houston Block, f-Iel&on  IRVING & CO.  Grocers and Provisions Dealers  PHONE  161  ESTABLISHED INT NELSON 19Q1  Jacob Dover, The Jeweller,  Nelson, B. C.  r.%/f!*ir  I am the leader wherever diamonds  and watches are sold in this country. c  My name is a synonym of prompt  service, fair treatment and honest  goods.  My stock for the fall and holiday  trade Is such as suits all the patronage Qof this character. All my lines  have been selected with the utmost  care. The wants of all customers,  large and small, have been carefully  considered. ���   /���'.���  Customers always receive: the maximum value for their money. My diamond and watch stock . never was  larger or so attractive as this season.  All mall orders receive prompt and  special attention.  e  ��� '  JACOB DOVER  Baker Street Nelson,  B. C.  �����������������������������������������������������������������������������9....................,.im0  m  ^VV*VV**--VVVS*r-W-^^ y^  We Can Save You Money By i  Purchasing Now  PARLOR SUITES  BRASS  BEDSTEADS  IRON BEDSTEADS  HALL RACKS  MUSIC CABINETS  -WOMEN^-DESKS���  xlOCKERS AND CHAIRS  SIDEBOARDS  CHINA CLOSETS  BUFFETS  BOOK CASES  PARLOR CABINETS  yCARPETS   LINOLEUMS.  D. McARTHUR & CO.  Baker and "Ward Streets, Nelson, B. C.  *,  V^A^A^-Mn-M A0Vs*0\00\0++A*A0*0iiAAA*^^ *VVWWVWMM��VW-V  E. FERGUSON & CO,  THE   LARGEST  EXCLUSIVE  WHOLESALE     Solo B.C Agents for  DEALERS IN BEGG'S  ROYAL  LOCHNAGAR  SCOTCH  WHISKY  WINES,  LIQUORS  AND CIGARS  ��  IN   SOUTHEASTERN  BRITISH   COLUMBIA  VERNON  ST.  The Whisky "Without a ���  Headache. #  Bcggs is Distiller to *  H.R.H. King Edward VII ���  By Royal Warrant. ���  NELSON, B.C.  sl  Importer of  Own Make Pipes  Peterson's Patent Pipes  B. B. B. Celebrated Pipes  Loewe Pipes  Wilis Tobacco u  j   pu. IR   Prnnr  Player's Tobacco       n- Ul rnMni rroPr"  Turkish Cigarettes  Monopol Cigarettes  Egyptian Cigarettes  J. R. C. and G. B. D. Pipes  Lambert and Butler Tobaccos  AU brands of imported and domestic cigars  ���pi ��� f% Sola Agei*,t for  Tlie   0U6681   "IH-EBSIAL''CICJ\B  Cigar Store  Wholesale arid Retail *W  Tobacconist  Telephone 194  Baker Street, NELSON, B.C.

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