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The Tribune 1894-11-17

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 6feb 94  Provincial Library  KOOTENAY  Presents an Unequalled Field for the Developer  of   Mineral   Claims   showing  Gold,  Silver,  Copper, Lead, and Zinc, as Well as for  the Investor in Producing Mines.  RAILROADS  Already Completed or Under Construction and  Steamboat   Lines   in   Operation   Make  the  Mining  Camps  and  Towns   in  Kootenay   Accessible   the Year   Round.  SECOND   TEAR.-NO.  52.  NELSON,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 17,  1894.  TWO DOLLARS A YEAR,  THE   MINES   AND 'THEIR   OUTPUT.  Shipments   for the  Week  Aggregate  Nearly  Three Hundred Tons.  TU.Ul. CKKEK  DISTKICT. ToilH.  November 10.���la Hoi mine, to Hast Helena, Montana U  SLOUAN  DISTIUCT.  November 9.���Slocan Star, to Omaha  134  November 9.���Slocan Star, to Omaha ...-������   ul  November 12.���Slocan Star, to Omaha   ���'!.!  ,    .'. KASLO" DISTKICT.  November 13.���Lane C; Gilliam, to GreatFalls, Mon- _  tana. ������ ��� ��� ��� ��� ��� ���'������ "w  ���      Total   Trail Creek district ore (gold).... ���..  Slocan district ore (silver and lead)...  ICaslo district ore (silver and lead)....  Total'...!. .. ......;... '.".'���'   Previously roported ���������������������  Total, so far, for month of November.   .':..;.287J  Approximate Value.   $2,200    21,80(1 ���       2,550  .��20.550  . -11.800  .��08,350  The Slocan Star a Mine.  The last of tlie Slocan Star ore stored at  Three 'Forks has gone forward. In all  there were fpt'ty-eiglit carloads. Four  hiin'd red tons mdre are sacked at the  mine, and three men are stoping ore at  the rate of 450 tons a month. The lower  or working tunnel has not yet reached  the ore body, but when it does it is estimated that'its face will be 435 feet from  the s'ui'free,���which means that there will  be 435 feet depth of ore from which to  stdpe. The Slocan Star only employs  twenty men,,yet, somehow, they have  done a power of work, But, then, unlike  mines nearer Nelson, the men who do the  work are paid good wages and are therefore willing to do good work. Manager  White -is to be-congratulated'on being  able to make so good a showing.  In Line With Former Decisions.  Mr. justice Crease at Victoria has given  a most exhaustive judgment in the important case.of Allen, Granger vs. Robert  Futheringham et al., tried before him in  Vancouver city on July 27th. The judgment sets forth that the case disclosed  an attempt to wrest the possession of a  claim, the Bobbie Burns, situate in Mc-  Murdo district, East Kootenay, from a  set of men who have done a great deal of  milling"work' and expended large sums of  money" on it in labor and ������machinery, by  one who has done no work and expended  nothiiig upon it.'....'Judgment for the defendant with the usual accompaniment of  costs. This is in line with former decisions in mining litigation in this province.  Struck the Ledge.  The joint tunnel on the Little Phil and  Black Diamond claims, in Ainsworth district, reached the ledge on Saturday last.  This opens these claims to a depth of 250  feet. The Little Phil is owned by captain  Hay ward and Tom McGovern; the Black  Diamond, by J. F. Stevens, wl.o is now  chief engineer of the Great Northern railway, at a salary of $12,000 a year. However, if the ore is as good as it is on the  surface, it is reported that Mr. Stevens  will resign and devote his entire time to  mining.    Gone Out for the Winter.  A. L. Davenport and Robert Ewart left  Nelson this week for Portland, Oregon,  with the intention of spending the winter  there or in California. The last run at  the Poorman mill (gold bars of the value  of over $2000) is on exhibition at the  Bank;of Montreal.  Charcoal Contract.  It is said tha t Messrs. Ward and Thornp-  son of Kaslo have been given a contract  to furnish the Pilot Bay smelter with  10,000 bushels of charcoal a month. They  have men at work on the east side of  Kootenay lake,, a short distance above  Pilot Bay.    The Lumber is on the Ground.  Ten carloads of lumber for the Nelson  Hydraulic Mining Company were unloaded opposite Forty-nine creek on Monday by the Columbia &Kootenay railway.  The lumber will be used for flumes and  sluice-boxes.   The World's Wheat Crops.  The wheat crops of the chief countries  of the world for 1804 are estimated at:  Mnshels  France 3:11,000.000  ItUHsia 28S.00O IKK)  HiiiiL'ary 110.000.000  Italy..  117,00().IK)0  timiiany   100,000.000  United. Status JWO.OUO IKI0  Argentine Iloptiblio 100.000.000  India. 23l),0()0,iKK)  ��� ^  Uthftr countries will produce from 40,-  000 bushels to 04,000,000 bushels. The estimate for Canada is 50,000,000 bushels, and  for Great Britain and Ireland 60,000,000  bushels. The grand total for the world is  2.522.100,000 bushels as against 2,453,300,000  in 1803. ������           Vice-Regal Gush.  Lord and lady Aberdeen are, no doubt,  estimable people; bub it is to be hoped  that when they next visit British Columbia they will travel in coguito, if for  no other reason than to prevent the newspapers of the coast cities from making  blanked fools of themselves. For the last  ���week they have contained so much "viceregal" gush that the average reader is  either disgusted or tired.  British Railway Accidents.  There are a good many interesting facts  in the newly issued general report of the  British Board of Trade upon|the railway  accidents in the United Kingdom during  181)3. It appears that the total number of  accidents to trains was forty-six, the lowest on record, and only about one-fourth  of the number that used to occur twenty  years ago, when the statistics were first  collected. Within that time the number  of passenger trains has more than doubled.  There we're .seventeen passengers killed  in 1803, or one in 51,000,000 journeys, and  484 were injured, or one in 1,804,000 journeys. These figures also establish new  low records. The four principal accidents  were clue to trains leaving the rails.  About one-half the accidents were caused  by the uegligence or mistakes of railway  officer's or ���servants', and seven weve dheto  defective arrangement of signals. Only  two,were the result of a failure of brakes.  It is satisfactory to note that the number  of collisions from whatever cause is declining steadily. Taking all causes and  accidents into.account, tlie report shows  that only one passenger is killed in8,237.000  passenger journeys, and only one in 715,-  000 injured. This'is the highest and worst  estimates, for in train accidents the immunity is vastly greater.  Two Methods Contrasted,  Slocan Times, 10th-:   "It is impossible  not to contrast the methods by which the  sleigh road   between   New  Denver  and  Three   Forks   is   being  built   with  the  methods  employed1" on   the government  sleigh road   from Three Forks to Cody  creek.   On both men were hired at $2.50  a day.   On  the -one,   sixteen   men  have  been the largest number employed at any  one time; on the other, between thirty  and forty men have been worked at once.  Yet the road committee found   that it,  paid to establish a good camp and hire a  good cook; and ib could afford to do this  and yet only charge   its   employees 75  cents a day for board.   On the government work the men have been left to find  themselves, while receiving the same rate  of pay.   In this individualistic and unorganized way of doing things, there must  be waste somewhere.   No man can  take  the time to cook for himself at a camp  fire,   three  such   meals  as,   doing   hard  work,   he  requires,   and put in a day's  work, not to mention the discomforts of  such a method.   It is very questionable  whether it would cost a man less than 75  cents a day to find himself in cam]) in any  case,   In the one instance there is organized supervision, no waste and the greatest amount of work done at the least cost  compatible with the comfort and  well-  being of the men employed.   In the other  there is a hunger mugger absence of system, involving waste and excessive discomfort, and the risk of loss of health."  BITS   OF   NATURAL   HISTORY.  ....        ... Record Breaking.        ... ,   ���  Since the advent of the pneumatic-tired  wheel, with ball-bearings, records have  been falling before the bicycle more rapidly than before the trotter���notwithstanding the phenomenal advances of the  latter���until of late several wheelmen  have been going miles below two minutes,  leaving the trotter quite out of the race.  But no bicyclist had come within striking  distance of the speed of an ordinary  thoroughbred, until of a sudden a professional cyclist, John S. Johnson, the  "Western wonder," took fourteen seconds  off the bicycle record at one clip, and  eclipsed all thoroughbreds, by riding a  mile iii one minute thirty-five and two-  fifths seconds. The feat was accomplished  over a straight track at Buffalo, New  York, on October 24th. The pace-makers  were four men mounted on a quadruplet  machine. Thus for the first time in the  world's history a man has propelled himself a ���mile, purely by muscular exertion,  faster than the muscles of any other living creature ever carried it over the  earth's surface.  Do Not Want a Road to Yale District.  . John B. Old, one of the settlers in Fire  Valley, on the west side of Lower Arrow  lake, in West Kootenay district, says that  the settlers in that valley have not petitioned for an appropriation to build a  wagon road across the mountains to Yale  district. What the settlers in Fire Valley want is a good road to Arrow lake,  which will allow them to market their  ])roduce in the towns and camps in southern Kootenay. Messrs. Kellie and Hume  ���the valley is in Mr. Kellie's district-  should work in unison in this matter.  Money should not be appropriated for a  24-mile road when the one that is needed  would not be more than seven miles long.  Retrogressive, not Progressive.  Finance minister Turner estimated that  the province would take in $1,058,001 as  receipts for the year ending June 30th,  1804. According to the balance sheet laid  before the legislature on Monday, the receipts only amounted to $821,000. This  means the province ran about $000,000 behind during the year. The government  must be a retrogressive one. instead of  being a progressive one. "-  Well in Hand.  The grading on the 5-mile extension of  the Nelson & Fort Sheppard railway is  well in hand, graders being strung out all  along the work, which is reported light.  Connection will probably be made with  the Columbia & Kootenay railway at Nelson before the first of the year. The new  passenger and freight depot will be built  at the foot of Hall street, near the government wharf.   Met and Adjourned.  The legislature met on Monday, all the  members being present except Messrs.  Setuliu, Sword, Forster, and Ilelmcken.  .Lieutenant-governor Dewdney's opening  address was vague as to what the government intended doing. Mr. Higgins  was elected speaker by acclamation, and  an adjournment was taken bill Thursday.  A Paragraphic Lot of Interesting Facts Regarding Animal Life.  In old age the height of man diminishes.  Blue-eyed cats are said by Darwin to be  always deaf. ; ,  The hog eats fewer plant's than .any  other herb-feeding animal.  Camiverous animals seldom":"produce  more than two young at.a birth.  The strongest muscle in a, monkey's  body is found in his prehensile tail.  The skin is the only part of the human  body that is not hardened by age.  Students of  nature  have never  been  able to explain the chameleon's change of,  color.  The greatest velocity attained by a  whale when struck by a harpoon is nine  miles an hour.  Tusks of the mammoth have been found  of a length of nine feet, measured along  the curve.  The natural life of -an .elephant is said  to be 120 years. It is greatly shortened  by captivity.  Oxen and sheep are believed by some  stockmen to fatten better in company  than when kept alone.  The bones of very aged persons are said  to have a greater proportion of lime than  those of young people.  Many birds have the trick of tumbling  along on the ground ahead of a sportsman  in order to draw him away from their  nest.  Although on land a clumsy animal, the  seal is wonderfully quick in tlie water,  and in a fair race can generally catch almost any fish.  It is said that the flesh on the forequar-  ters of the beaver resembles that of laud  animals, while that on the hindquarters  has a fishy taste.  A decapitated snail, kept in a moist  place, will in a few weeks grow a new  head quite as serviceable anchgood looking  as the one taken away.  Cats and several other animals have a  false eyelid, which can be drawn over the  eyeball, either to cleanse it or to protect  ib from too strong a light.  A bat finds its way about without the  assistance of its eyes. A blinded bat will  avoid wires and obstructions as dexterously as though ib could see perfectly.  The elephant is commonly supposed to  be a slow,'clumsy animal, bub, when excited or freighbened, can attain a speed of  twenty miles an hour and can keep it up  for half a day.  The common housefly is often literally  devoured by parasites, and it has been  proved that these parasites-are also infested with minute creatures that threa ten  their destruction.  The habit of turning around three or  four times before lying down has survived  in the domestic dog from his savage ancestry. It then served to break clown the  grass and make a bed.  The blood flows almost asfreelv through  the bones as through the flesh of very  young children, but as age comes on, the  blood vessels in the bones are almost  tilled with matter.  The toad captures insects by darting  out its tongue so rapidly that the eye cannot follow. The tip is'covered with a  glutinous secretion, to which a fly or  other insect adheres.  The vital principle is strongest in the  common tortoise. One of these animals  has lived for six monthsafter the removal  of its brain, and the severed head has  given signs of life three days after being  cut off.  The beaver has more skill than a government engineer. The clams constructed  by beavers are never washed away, while  every freshet witnesses the destruction of  a portion at least of the government  works on rivers.  The camel's foot is a soft cushion peculiarly well adapted to the stones and  gravel over which it is constantly walking. During a single journey through  the Sahara horses have worn oub three  sets of shoes, while the camel's feet are  not even sore.  Animals are often able to bear very  protracted fasting. In the Italian earthquakes of 1705 two hogs weve buried at  Soriano in the ruins of a building. They  were taken out alive forty-two flays later,  but very lean and weak. A dog, at the  same time and place, was buried for  twenty-three days and recovered.  Herbivorous animals do not eat all of  nature's menu. The horse refuses the  water hemlock that the goat oats with  avidity, and, on the other hand, the goat  refuses some plants that are eaten by the  sheep. The tobacco plant is avoided by  all save the goat, man, and the tobacco  worm. Home botanists think that no  plant is absolutely poisonous, bub only  relatively so, being harmful to only certain animals.  The most remarkable animal in the  world is the hydra, it floes not; amount  to much physically, for it is nothing but  a sack, open at one end and fastened by  the other to a stone, but it is almost impossible to kill it. Turn a hydra inside  out and ib will geb along just as well as  before. Trenibley, the French naturalist,  cut hydras in slices, and each, in a few  days became a full-grown animal. He  grafted them ami produced monsters with  six mouths and only one body. He divided them longitudinally, and' produced  a cluster of hydras, lie found this creature is superior even to decomposition,  for when a part of a hydra's hotly decays,  it throws it off and replaces it, as'a matter  of con ISC.  THE   CASUALTIES   OF   A   CIVIL   WAR.  and the deaths from disease, wounds and  other causes were 359,528 more. The Confederate army and navy's total enrollment, including all classes and tin; transcriptions, was about 000,000 men out of a  population of 5,000,000 whites.  This is the book (if revelations as to  both sides in the civil war. On the Confederate side^Norbh Carolina lost more  soldiers killed than any other southern  state.",The percentage of lost and killed  and woifiidcd was greater in the Confederate armies than in the Union armies.  At Gettysburg the 20th North Carolina,  of Pottigrew's brigade, went into action  with over 800 men and lost 588 in killed  and wounded and 120 missing, most of  whom were also killed or wounded. Delaware furnished more men and money in  proportion to its military population than  any other state. The Union deserters  during the war numbered 201,.'507.  Overcoats Should be Long-Tailed.  The lengthening of the tails of the  winter overcoat, so that they fall well below the knee, is a good idea. So far as  the artistic side or sense of a question of  this kind is concerned, wo ordinarily bow  to the high judgment of the Merchant  Tailor's Society; but we favor the long  tails asifle from any consideration in art.  The short tails of other times were undoubtedly in violation of sanitary law;  and the men who sported them failed to  give due regard to their health, and to  the rheumatic Lioublos that often become  serious in wintry weather, and to the  danger of cold getting into the hinges of  the knot) when the tempera Lure falls.  Rheumatism in the knee joints is a peculiarly distressing allliclion. and the man  Revelations That Will be Both Interesting  and Astounding.  Although but little has been printed  concerning the work of the war records  office of the war department at Washington,, yet-this, has been a tremendous task.  Forty-niue volumes of nearly 1000 pages  each are completed, and furnish the most  accurate history ever published of a nation's internecine war. The work has  been impartially done. Besides the five  Union officers employed, two Confederate  general officers have always been engaged  in editing the war archives pertaining to  the dead Confederacy.  A most interesting feature of the work  is not yet in print, but in course of preparation.   It is an exhaustive compilation  from official records of the casualties on  both sides in the war.   Many of the revelations in this important volume will astonish the reader.   The tables of deaths  and- wounds that are given measure the  acbual ..fighting as nothing else can.   One  '. thing clear 1 y shown is the overpowering  importance of the battles of Gettysburg  and Chickamauga, the greatest  battles  the Confederate and Union armies, east  and west,'ever fought.  '.'Tn the Union armies there were in all  2800-regiment.s, nob including the three or  six^ months'  men.   The Union  infantry  regiment which suffered the greatest loss  in battle during the war was the 5th New  Hampshire, which in four years of service  lost 295 men killed or mortally wounded  in action, including eighteen officers. The  83rd Pennsylvania infantry comes next.  It lost 282 officers and men.  '--   There were only 45 infantry regiments  which had, during the war, over 200 men  killed or mortally wounded in action.   Of  these regiments, Pennsylvania furnished  eleven, a greater number than any other  ���'state;   New   York,  Massachusetts,   and  Michigan furnished six each, and Vermont  closely followed with four,  v   In the killed and wounded of the Union  light artillery regiments, Cooper's battery  of the 1st Pennsylvania artillery heads  the list with a loss of-twenty-one .killed  and mortally wounded in action.   Rick-  ett's Pennsylvania battery is the seventh,  with a loss of eighteen, and   Bigelow's  Massachusetts is ninth,  with   a  loss of  fifteen.    The  regiment  which   had   the  most.killed and wounded in action during  the entire  war, in proportion to its enrollment,  was the 2d Wisconsin, with a  percentage loss of 19.4 per cent.   Of the  bwenby-bwo regiments,   whose   loss   was  above  15   per   cent  Pennsylvania  furnished the highest number, six; Wisconsin  conies next with four, and New York and  Massachusetts give two each.  The Union infantry regiment with the  highest, percentage of killed, wounded and  missing in any one action was the 1st  Minnesota, which at Gettysburg lost 215  men on July 2nd, out of 202 engaged. The  141st Pennsylvania is second, having lost  at Gettysburg 140 men out of 108 engaged,  or 75.7 per cent. This volume will give a  table showing sixty-two Union regiments  which lost in action from 82 to 50 per cent.  The Light Brigade at Balaklava lost 30.7  percent. The heaviest loss of any German regiment in the Franco-Prussian war  was 40.4 per cent.  At Waterloo the French had 80,000 men  and 252 guns; the allies 72,000 men and  180 guns. At Gettysburg Meade had 82,-  000 men and 3(X) guns, and Lee 70,000 men  and 250 guns. Wellington, at Waterloo,  Iosv 23,185; Napoleon, 20,300; Meade, at  Gettysburg, 20,003, and Lee, 20,448. At  Gravelotte the Germans lost 20,577 out ol  140,000 troops engaged. At Borodino, the  bloodiest war since the introduction of  gunpowder, the Russians lost 30,000 and  the French over 20,0000, but the percentage of loss was less than at Gettysburg.  Chickamauga or Waterloo.  In the civil war the Union armies lost  305,245 in killed, mortally wounded and  severely wounded. The total enrollment  of the Union armies, officers and men, not  including the three and six months' men.  was 2,851,272; 210,070 of these were killed.  who wears a short-tailed overcoat during  the winter months is a man who foolishly  invites it to settle there. A good warm  overcoat, the tails of which reach at the  veiy least halfway between the knee and  the ankle, is, in some measure, a protection against it. In the colder countries of  Europe, nieii wear very long-tailed 'overcoats in the winter time. In Russia, for  example, or in the greater part of it, the  tails of that garment fall almost as far as  the ankle, or within a very;few inches  of the lower end of the trousers. The  tails of the czar's winter overcoat aire  long, and so tire those of the soldier's winter overcoats, while those of the peasants  are usually as long as they can afford..  Those men who think that a very long-  tailed overcoat is unbecoming, must remember that it is worn for comfort and  protection, rather than for artistic effect,  or for the sake of nattiness.    c  Truth Stranger Than Fiction.  James Hards and Mrs. Helen Thurman  were married at Applegate, Oregon, October 30th, 1804. This marriage illustrates  the fact that truth is stranger than fiction.   About    twenty-eight   years    ago  James Harris  and   Ezra   Arnold   owned  land   on  Big  Butte   creek,   in   Jackson  county.   They engaged in cutting'wood  and farming, working together, as their  land  joined,   Hards married the young'  stepdaughter of .Arnold, and soon after  the men disagreed about their work.  The  quarrel grew  bitter between them, and  Arnold  went to Hards' house in his absence and took Hards' wife home with  him.   The following day Hards went to  the home of Arnold, armed with a gun,  and asked that his wife be allowed to re-  burn  home   wibh   him.   The old trouble  came up between the men, and Arnold  refused toleb his stepdaughter go. ..Hards  shot and killed Arnold, and then came to  Jacksonville to give himself  up to  the  sheriff.   lie secured the services of a lawyer, to whom he detailed the circumstances  of the killing, and was advised to leave  the country.   A few years later, his wife  secured a divorce 'and������married  Charles  Thurman, a well-respected citizen of this  county.   Several children were born  to  them, all of whom are now grown, and  some of them married.    A few years since  Mr. Thurman died.   Later on Hards returned to Jackson county to find his claim  had passed into the hands of others.   He  was recognized, and at the next term of  court indicted for killing Arnold, tried,  convicted, and sentenced to the penitentiary.   During the time of his trial, his  former wife frequently .visited, him, and  after the lapse of two years circulated a  petition  for his pardon, which  was presented to the governor and the pardon  granted.     Hards   returned  to   Jackson  county, and last week the couple, so long  separated  by circumstances, were again  united in marriage.  A History of Tammany.  A pamphlet is -published., by the New  York Evening 'Post which gives a history  of Tammany, ft is devoted in particular  to biographical sketches of the men who  have controlled Tammany and governed  New York city during recent years. It is  an amazing presentation. We clip a brief  paragraph, in which the Post caustically  describes the characters of the men with  whom it deals, namely, "The main merit  we claim for our little pamphlet is its  singularity. These men, whose lives we  sketch, are sorifl, ignorant, vulgar, dissolute creatures, such as have swarmed in  all cities in all ages. Bub their lives have  always hitherto been subterraneous, so to  speak. They never, until now, appeared  on the surface, except in criminal courts.  History has no record of them, except as  food for the jail, the gallows, and the  wheel. New York enjoys the horrid distinction of having first in the annals of  civilization presented them to the world  as mayors, commissioners, judges, registers, and what not. It is this which gives  our pamphlet what we must confess to be  an ignoble interest."  Not So Diillcult After All.  people of New  Denver needed  The people of iSew Denver needed a  road to Three Forks, and naturally they  expected the government to build it. But  the government, after making surveys,  said the road would cost more money than  was in sight. At last the people saw  that they would have to do the work  themselves. They raised $8(X) by subscription and started in making a sleigh  road. It was found the work was not as  difficult as was expected. When they  proved- by their actions that they were  willing to help themselves, the government came to their assistance with an appropriation of $500. Now the road is  almost completed to the concentrator, a  distance of 3A miles, ami from the concentrator lo Throe Forks it will be built by  tho people of Throe Forks. The grade is  said lo ho a good one, and it is also said  that $1500 expended on it in the spring  will make the road in every way suitable  for wagon traffic. Those that help themselves are helped best.  Opened Something Besides tho Canal.  Last May queen Victoria visited Manchester for three hours to open the new  ship canal. The bills for the celebration,  amounting to fifty thousand dollars, are  being now investigated. Among the items  is one of seven thousand dollars for badges  for the city council. At the banquet they  ate strawberries at one dollar and forty-  seven cents a pound, asparagus at one  dollar a bunch, and pineapples at three  dollars apiece, It cost one hundred and  ten dollars to look after the queen's horses  ami carriages. The auditor reported that  it looked as though something else had  boon opened besides the canal.  THE   RAILWAY  IS   IN   POLITICS.  And it Will Remain as Long as Special Legislation is Permitted. ,  When the scheme that resulted in the  building of the Grand Trunk railway was  developed, a well-known politician is said  to have declared, "Henceforth the politics of Canada will be railway." Sir John  Macdohald declared, that the building of  the Canadian Pacific would give the government that built it a lease of power for  twenty years; Both these declarations  have proved truer The railways control  the politics of Canada; and the government that built the Canadian Pacific is so  firmly in powerthat it is ������more than likely  to have a life that will measure more than  twenty years.    ���  In this province the railway issue is the  only one, all other issues being merely  secondary. The government in power  has been kept in power by the Canadian  Pacific railway,'.and the men who would  like to be in power would be just as servile to that railway.were they only'in  power. The men who control the railways have no use for governments unless  they can use them, and the governments  seem only too willing to be used. This  condition is nob likely to be changed until  special and private legislation is made impossible. Just as long as our legislative  bodies have the power to grant railways  and railway promoters something that is  valuable will i here be found men seeking  to acquire something valuable through  legislation and legislators willing to grant  what they ask.  In this province it is safe to say that a  majority of the members of the legislative assembly are either interested' directly in railway schemes or hope to be  benefited indirectly if the schemes are  successfully floated. The members from  Vancouver Island favor the British Pacific because they believe it will enhance  the value of property on Vancouver Island. The members from the Mainland  have a doyen railway schemes which if  carried out will tend to enhance the value  of property in their respective localities.  But neither the British Pacific nor the  schemes on the Mainland can be carried  out unless the credit of the province is  pledged to their promoters. The promoters are unable or unwilling to use  their own money in building any of the  projected railways. Tliey want the province to furnish the money and they will  furnish the experience and take all the  profits. Is this fair to the other great industries in the province? Is it fair, in the  first place, that so much of the time of  the assembly should be taken up in considering railway legislation, which is almost wholly privateer special legislation?  Is it fair, in the second place, that the  credit of the province should only be  loaned to the men engaged in building  and operating railways? The men engaged in developing the mining industry  are as fairly entitled 'tosuch aid as are the  men who promote railway schemes. They  certainly use more of their own money in  developing mines than the promoters of  railways do in developing railways.  But as long as governments have the  power to grant public money for private  purposes, just that long will governments  be controlled by men who seek persorml  gain at the expense of the state.  The Czar of Russia a Weakling.  Nicholas the Second is a slender young  man, something under the middle height,  with narrow, sloping shoulders, and an  awkward carriage of the neck and head.  He has yellowish hair and a beard which  is trimmed so as to produce an almost  grotesque resemblance to his cousin, the  fluke of York. When the two young men  rode together in London last summer the  public was frankly unable to them  apart from the distance of the sidew  The differences which closer ins-pec  reveals are not in favor of the Russ,  Instead of prince George's big, bulgii  blue eyes, which lend a certain indelinab.J  distinction to all the Guelphic faces, the  czar Nicholas has small, furtive gray eyes,  unpleasantly close together. An English  professor, who has boon I'or nearly twenty  years in the Russian royal family circle,  teaching the children of one of the grand  dukes, gives a lot of observations of lhe  now czar's character and temperament.  Summarized, they depict an amiable,  light-hearted youngster of extremely limited brain power, who would bo appalled  if hoover tried to contemplate seriously  the magnitude of his destiny and who  was only reconciled to it by the notion  that others will vut\ the thing for him and  let him amuse himself. He detests the  military-life ami is bored by politics. The  notion of power and personal authority  rather repels than attracts him. His  opinion on given subjects are those of tho  last people personally pleasant to him  whom ho has heard discussing tjiom.  One of the Results of Free Trade.  The railways are to get the advantage  of the removal of the duty from lumber  going into the l'nited States. Both local  and through freight rates on lumber have  been advanced on the Grand Trunk railway, and consternation prevails among  western lumbermen in consequence.- A  telegram from Toronto says thai the benefit derived from the free admission into  the United States of Canadian lumber is  now offset by the unusual advance in  transportation rates. The old idea again  of making the traffic pay all it will stand.  A later report from Toronto says that tho  proposed advance has boon postponed,  ponding a conference between the railway  officials and lumbermen, to be hold next  spring.  rp'l  Ik.  on  n.  m*  S3  i s?*"r#  '   .u^aun���..u.j.aM.���wt-A  J"  \    ���  1(  < ...   '���  \'<  I.     -���     - THE���'TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 1), 1894.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THE TRIBUNE is published on Saturdays,.by John  ��� Houston .& Co., and will be mailed to subscribers  on payment of Two Dollars a year. No subscription  taken for less than a year.  xiBGULAIl  ADVEKTISKMKNTS  printed at the following t-atcs:    One inch,  ?Ml> a year;  two inches,  SCO a year;  three  inches ��81 a year; four inches,  $9G a year; live inches, ��l0.i a year; six'inches and  over, at the rate of SI.50 an inch per month.  TRANSIENT ADVERTISEMENTS' 20 cents a line for  first insertion and 10 cents a lino for each additional  insertion.   Pirth, marriage, and death notices free.  LOCAL OR READING MATTER NOTICES 25 cents a  lino each insortion.  JOB PRINTING at fair rates. , All accounts for job  printing and advertising payable on the first of  every month; subscription, in advance.  ADDRESS all communication;! to  THE TRIM UNE. Nelson, B. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  DLa'BAU. M.D.���-Physician and Surgeon.   Rooms 3  ���   and 4 Houston block, Nelson.   Telephone 12.  LR. HARRISON, B.' A.���Barrister at Law, Convey-  ��� ancer, Notary Public, Commissioner I'or taking Alli-  davits for use in the Courts of British Columbia, etc.  Oflicos���Ward St., between Baker and Vernon, Nelson.  ��ite ��tibmte;  SATURDAY MORNING. NOV KM BKR .17, 18!U  Fire insurance companies are becoming great quibblers, and are apparently  only too willing to find loopholes through  which the paymentof losses can be evaded  altogether. Their policies seem to be so  worded that the insured is compelled to  take whatever the insurer, is willing to  give should a loss occur. If.this cannot  be remedied by legislation, then let there  be legislation allowing municipalities to  do their own insurance. The rate of losses  paid by insurance companies doing business in Canada is about 75 per cent of the  amount received in premiums, the other  25 per cent going towards paying general  expenses and dividends. As a matter of  fact the British and American insurance  companies do ��� business . in Canada on  "wind." The total amount of their risks  is $(587,072,777, as against a total of $12,-  180,508 assets.  The coast papers should make their  editors and reporters and printers attend  the public schools for a term or two, in  order to become posted on the geography  of the province. For instance, the Vancouver World publishes an item, under  the heading "Interior Notes,!' in which it  is stated that Nail Creek district,is giving a good account of itself, and that a  new town, named RogglaiKl, lias sprung  up in the district. The British Columbia  Commercial Journal of Victoria in its last  issue says a large amount of freight is  going down to" Columbia river to Slocan  and Nelson. Is it any wouder that our  mines are owned by Americans and developed by American capital, when our  own people are so ignorant of even the  names of our mining districts and our  towns?   The fight over the permanent location  of the capital of Montana was one in  which money was spent freely, and the  result is probably the same as if not a dollar had been expended. Marcus Daly,  the mining and smelter man, who led the  forces thaa fought i'or Anaconda, had pitted against him not only all the wealth of  Helena, but- that of W. A. Clark, a  niau who has made millions in mining operations at Butte, and whose ambition to go the United States senate  ���was thwarted two years ago by Marcus Daly. In the defeat of Anaconda,  Clark gets revenge for his political defeat,  and also gets $50,000 of Daly's money on  bets won.  feet in every direction from where it-is  located. ..It has tlie appearance of a piece  of beeswax, and when placed under a  powerful glass can be seen to move and  contract and expand like something living. The discoverer tried it by placing a  piece of it.on his coat lapel and going  among the small-pox- patients four weeks  ago. So far he is all right, and the discovery bids fair to ���revolutionize the matter of disinfection and do away entirely  with vaccination.'  THE   FAILURES   OF   FREE   TRADE.  Two yoars ago Eugene Sage was one of  the men imprisoned at Wardner, Idaho,  by. the'military authorities for his stand  in the labor trouble in the Cccur d'Alencs.  At the recent   election   he   was   elected  sheriff of his county.   Last summer, during the labor trouble, every newspaper  and every prominent man  that sympathized with the laboring men's organizations in their fight with the railway corporations and   the  military  authorities  were denounced  as anarchists,   yet  the  commission appointed by president Cleveland to inquire into the question has reported that the railway corporations and  the military were in the wrong.   Several  large corporations have a standing rule  that employees must not belong to labor  unions while in their employ, a rule that  lias been  declared  illegal;:)nd wrong by  the attorney-general of the United States.  Time works wondrous changes.  At a semi-private banquet at Ottawa  recently premier Davie, in replying to a  toast, is reported as having said that Unpeople of this province had great hopes of  seeing the British Pacific railway constructed in a few years. Is that statement consistent with the one he is reported as having made at Kami oops when  G. B. Martin was jumping sideways to  get into office as chief commissioner of  lauds and works without the sanction of  the voters of his district? But, then,  great men are not supposed to be consistent; and is not premier Davie a great  man, for does not the Victoria Colonist  say the chief event occurring in Ottawa  for a whole week was the visit of premier  Davie ?    Will Revolutionize Disinfection.  A St. Paul man has discovered something that will no doubt make him  famous. It is nothing more nor less than  a mixture of powerful drugs that has the  power, when attached to any part of the  clothing, to disinfect for a space of four  During the last few years the principles  of protection and free trade have been  thoroughly ventilated in the United  States. The manufacturers ��� were denounced there, as for years they have  been in Canada, as robbers, monopolists,  and oppressors. The men who made their  money from stock gambling or railroad  .jobbery or political" plunder have been  mixed up with those who have risen by  the use of brains and the help of intelligent protection to wealth and perhaps to  millions. The farmer who suffers from an  over-production and world-wide cheapening in the price of wheat has been told  that the trouble is due to the protection  given American industries against the  pauper labor of Germany or the low-priced  products of English artisans. The workman has been taught that capital is the  enemy of labor, that protection produces  and centralizes capital, and that therefore  the tariff must go, or at least be greatly  reduced.  This has gone on until the political.revolt of the farmers from Republicanism  in 1890 and "J892; the approach of hard  times as the result of business and iiscal  uncertainty, in the United States and of  the wave of commercial'disaster..which  had swept England, the Argentine Republic, and Australia, together with the  mistakes which were perhaps made' in  some parts of the McKinley ."tariif, resulted in president Cleveland's election  antl the complete dominance of disorganized Democracy in the government of the  country. Then came the whirl of industrial disaster, the crash of banks, the  closing.of mills, the wholesale discharge  of employees, the evolution of Coxeyism,  the war of strikes anil lock-outs, and the  crushing of enterprise under the iron heel  of depression and of distrust concerning  the permauenceof existing institutions.  There never was in history such a vindication of the necessity for clear, firm  principles of fiscal administration"; for the  vigorous application of wise protectionism; for the promotion of stability in all  matters pretaining to the national tariff.  It was not so much actual legislation  which brought about or made possible  .any .part of the present .paralysis; it was  ���oho threat of change; the dangerous uncertainty in legislation, the fact that the  Democratic party had the power to put  in force the theoretical free trade which  Mr. Cleveland and senator Mills were  known to favor; the probability- that  they would at least make the attempt.  In some cases fear was the cause of ruin;  in other cases the uncertainty nieiely restricted production and limited the quantity of labor; in all cases it added to and  enhanced the existing depression. Had  the Dominion government not been firmly  protective in principle and as absolutely  protective in application as they believed  was practicable and desirable, the same  state of affairs would have existed in Canada.  But the situation here during the last  two years indicates, as no other historical  parallel, has ever clone, the difference between a stable fiscal system and one which  for a time at least "wobbled" in every  direction. One Canadian bank went under. There was, and is, a slight restriction of enterprise and energy as the inevitable result of a world-wide depression.  But our total trade increased over that of  the previous year, while tlie commerce of  the republic decreased one hundred and  recent speeches, lias no meaning to their  ears. It is apparently to be a renewed  'campaign against our national industries,  afresh appeal to farmers against manufacturers, a new, danger to that unity of  classes which must prevail in a young  community living side by side with a  great nation. ';    ���  The second consideration presented by  recent fiscal history in.the republic is that  if the Liberals were to be placed in power  at the next election in Canada an era of  the same absolute commercial uncertainty  of tiie same dangerous shock to public  credit; the same withdrawal of invested  capital, the same lack of confidence and  contraction of money  would  inevitably  follow.   And for what?   Lower duties in  one direction and  increased  taxation in  another.   And would the lowering of the  tariff on free trade lines benefit any large  class in the community?   It is safe to say  that   it would   not.    If prices in a few  directions   were  lowered,   wages   would  also be reduced by American competitors  as the wages in the republic have recently  been pulled down by-British competition.  As soon as the American industries commence to revive, as they did in 1873 after  the effects of war and   depression   had  passed away, the same result would follow in in the slaughtering of our markets  by the surplus product of American mills  and factories.   Such a policy would not  increase the demand for home labor.   It  would not start a.single new factory.   It  would  not light a solitary new lire.   It  would bring hope only to the alien manufacturer and artisan.   It would  remove  all the large branches of American concerns which now find a place and provide  work within our bounds.   It would reproduce J878 and precede a fresh period of  beneficial  protection  by an  interlude of'  disaster and distrust, loss of credit abroad  and comfort at home.  pugilist as an easy prey.   There were at  least half a dozen men in'different sporting resorts in New York a few years ago  who  considered it a great opportunity  when they could pick a fight with a famous pugilist, and they invariably came off  victors.   For twenty years Larry O'Brien,  who  was   an   undersized,    consumptive-  looking man, would jump at a prizefighter's throat on the slightest provocation,  and he always made it a point to pick a  quarrel'with the slugger he met about  town at night.   None of these barroom  fighters or professional bouncers would  have a living chance with a pugilist in the  ring, and the success they all had out of  the ring had given rise to the belief that  prizefighters are not able to defend themselves under ordinary conditions against:  the assaults of professional toughs.   It is  very largely a question of environment.  Tlie bouncer is at home in  his   saloon,  seldom drinks, and always  knows what  he is about.    If a prizefighter is in the  saloon the chances are that he is.more or  less   intoxicated.   Boxers are taught so  carefully to avoid fouling that they fight  fairly as.a matter of instinct, no matter,  how much under tho influence of liquor  they may be.   The barroom sluggers, on  the other hand, resort to every disreputable  trick   known   in   guerilla   warfare,  from  butting to scratching,  biting and  kicking their antagonist.   All this is on  the  authority  of  a  famous   boxing instructor, who believes the public is in a  condition of rabid excitement over the defeat of Sullivan by a rank outsider.  GAMBLER   JACK.  and  ���A large and'  complete stock of  lines of  {Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  Cor. Baker and  Josephine  Streets,  Nelson, B. C.  Central Office  of the  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company, Limited.  TRAPALGAB'S   FAMOUS   HERO.  The  Greatest  of Naval   Commanders   Once  a  Feeble Lad.  When Horatio Nelson was a lad of ten  he was sent to boarding school. Being  wasted by quinsy and naturally of small  stature, to his fellow students he seemed  quite insignificant. He was soon recognized, however, as the most daring boy in  the school.  One dark night a council of war was  held regarding the capture of a pear tree  which stood at a short distance from the  dormitory. When everyone else had refused to undertake the job Nelson offered  his services. A rope was tied around his  waist and he was literally tossed over on  the tree. Though attended with great exertion and no little danger, he accomplished the feat, returning with an armful of"pears, whii-.h he immediately distributed among his school mates.    When  thirty-nine millions.   The number of failures were only 5 per cent greater than in  the preceding year, whilst those in the  United States increased 51 per cent.   In  tlie latter country seventy-six railways  went into the hands of receivers, twenty-  three were sold under foreclosure, and the  gross earnings decreased   by $12,000,000.  In Canada one railway got into trouble,  and there was a slight increase in gross  earnings and a surplus of $li),000.(K)0 between general receipts and expenditures.  The deficit which the American treasury  had to face ran up to $">0,000,000, while the  Canadian government had a surplus of  over a million dollars in spite of decreased  customs taxation amounting to two millions and a half.    While American exports  decreased $71,000,000, Canadian exports of  manufactured   goods   rose  by $.'3,-'J>00,000,  and those of animals and their products  increased $f>,000,000, and agricultural products  increased  over $8,000,000.    And although '210 hanks failed in the States, and  there  were $.*57S,O00,O()0 withdrawn from  the National banks and $ir)0,000.;0t)0 from  other   banking   institutions  during   the  year, yet tin; deposits in Canadian banks  increased $20,000,000 and in savings banks  over $1,000,000.  There arc  two  leading lessons to learn  from the situation   in   the republic.    One-  is that a party tinctured   with free trade  ideas, permeated with dislikcof manufacturers, and   filled  with the ideas ol class-  legislation where none is intended, never  forgets and   never   forgives.    Since   the  days of Walker and the crisis which followed his attempt at low duties,  the Democracy  have cried   for the moon, have  abused   protection  in  season and out of  season   except in certain states like New  York where it would have been too dangerous  politically and  have finally endeavored once more  to apply the principle with a result ruinous to the national  industries, to  the laborers who are estimated to have had their wages cut down  by $:tf,0(;o,IHK) in   I NSW, as well  as to many  manulactiirei's  who  have   had   to  close  down or else to liquidate their business.  In Canada, it is to be feared, the same  conditions prevail in the ranks of the  Liberal party. The disasters of IS7-S-IN7S  seem to have no moral for them; the progress of INSI0-SM seems lo convey no lesson  to their leaders; the crash in the United  States, if we may judge by Mr. Luurier's  asked why he did not keep some for himself, he replied that "he did not care for  them; he only did it because the others  were afraid."  The same year he was sent to sea, and  two years later joined the Arctic expedition. One morning when their vessel  was frozen in off the coast of Greenland,  Nelson persuaded two sailors to steal out  and kill a polar bear that had been prowling about. When the bear was-attacked  it became very combative and the sailors  beat a hasty retreat, leaving Nelson to  follow. Instead of doing so, however, he  kept on fighting, and certainly would  have been killed had not the ice on which  he was standing broken off and floated  away. Leaving the ship was forbidden,  and he was accordingly repremanded  severely. But from that time he was rapidly promoted.  "Never give up"seemed to be his motto.  Soon after being appointed captain he  was sent to Naples with dispatches to sir  William Hamilton, the English ambassador. Though Nelson was as yet little  known, sir William divining his ability,  told his wife that he would bring home to  dinner a man who would some day be the  most famous man in England.  But a few months and sir William Hamilton's predictions were realized.   On the  first day of July, 1898,  Napoleon Bona-  parte.intentonconquering Europe, landed  (50,000   French   veterans  in   Alexandria,  Egypt.    Nelson with   the   English   fleet  pursued him, and on the 1st of August at  10 a. m. sighted the port and distinguished  the tri-colored Hag of France. Nelson, who  for three days had hardly eaten or slept,  now ordered dinner.    It was on arising  from that meal that he made the since  famous remark, saying:   "Gentlemen, by  this time tomorrow I shall have gained a  peerage or Westminster Abbey."   All the  captains were now called together to decide on the method of attack.   Captain  Berry, enthusiastic over the plan adopted,  cried out,   "If we succeed, what will the  world say?"  "There  is no Ml" in  the case," replied  Nelson.    "That we shall  succeed  is certain; who may live to tell the story is a  very different question."   At (h'.'jO p. in.  the battle began.   Nelson liatl his colors  flying from six different parts of the rigging, so they  would  not bo shot away.  The French  began  firing at long range,  but the English were employed in wrapping the sails close to the masts and soaking them  with  water.    When  they got  within a short distance of the French, the  thirteen English vessels opened a terrific  broadside, and in thirty minutes the battle ol* the Nile had been fought and won.  During the conflict Nelson was struck on  the forehead by a shell.   Carried to tho  cockpit in a supposed dying condition, he  refused to be attended until his turn came,  saying:   "I will  lake my turn with  my  brave fellows."   When the sailors learned  his wound  was not fatal  many of them  cried I'or joy. Immediately on seeing that  the battle was over, Nelson gave orders  for all the crews to thank  the Almighty  for the great victory, and  it is said that  the French grenadiers, with Napoleon at  their head, stood silently drawn up in line  at  Hosetti and wondered at the sudden  lull in the battle.  How He Was Left Outside by Respectability  Closing Its Doors on Him.  He was not always what lie is today.  Twenty years ago no young man stood  higher or was more respected; no young  man had a brighter future. But twenty  years on the frontier have sadly changed  this winsome youth and made him'1 what  he is today: a gambler, gun fighter, and  all-round sport. He is square'as far as  dollars and cents go, true to his friends,  respects virtue, but he is a lost man, dead  to his eastern ties and home ties. He  broke the heart of one of the sweetest  women in the world and is today driftwood in the current of time, with a wild,  hunted look in his eyes and as restless as  a caged hyena, only waiting, as he expresses it, for God or man to put his light  out. He and I have been friends for  years, for I know him better than any  iiving man. I love him for himself and  for his countless numbers of holy acts and  deeds, and in charity and sympathy overlook the unholy ones. I will write his  life just as 1 know it.  Jack, as I must call him, but which is  not his name, -.was .born in New York. No  family stood higher than his; but they  had no money, and that was what sent  my friend west to build up for himself a  fortune and a name. He has succeeded,  but is on the red ink side of the ledger.  Jack left home amid tears, blessings, and  "God-bless-you's." After leaving his own  house he had one more goodbye to say,  and that to the lovely girl who was his  affianced wife. Taking her in his arms  and pressing his lips to hers he took the  last kiss from those sweet lips that he has  ever taken.  Twenty years have rolled by and that  noble woman still waits for Jack, but  Jack will never go. He left her with a  sad heart but brave determination and  hopeful. He did as thousands of others  have done, faced westward, arriving in  Cheyenne in clue time. He had but little  money, was a stranger in a strange land,  without friends, with nothing but sweet  memories of loved ones to solace him.  Everything was strange, new and different. Winter coming on, with many idle  men who knew the. country, Jack's money  was soon used up and he was broke. Day  after day he tried, but. could get. no work".  Free lunch was his boarding place and he  slept in a stable nights. Well, that poor  fellow finally got a job cleaning out a  saloon. He had to take it; he would have  died before asking for help from home.  Me kept soul and body together during  the winter and in early spring went to  herding cattle, saved his money and two  years later put his hard-earned dollars  into cattle for himself.  Prosperity seemed to be smiling on him,  when a hard winter killed every head of  cattle he owned. He went back to Cheyenne Avithout a dollar, made a deal for a  band of cattle on shares and returned to  the range; got another start, was cleaned  out by Ins-partner and returned to Cheyenne broke.  One morning, going into a dance house  to look on and kill time, a fight occurred,  in which Jack received the ball intended  for another and was very seriously  wounded--so badly that it looked as if he  would die. Then came the turning point  in his life. No one took any in.Lere.st in  him except sporting men. They paid his  bills and provided him with medicine and  nursing. The only woman who came near  him to speak a kind word was a prostitute, and the poor fellow would hnvedicd  had it not been for her. When Jack recovered he was a changed man. He felt  that respectability hail closed its door on  him, leaving him on the outside.    ���  He has never written a line home from  that day to this, has drifted all over the  west, is noted for being thesquarest sport  on the coast. No one knows his history  but me. He says he is waiting on Time to  play Eternity's game. I have tried to  change him, but it is a hopeless case. I  know and see no help for bini. He says  he got off wrong anil can't get back.  Judge him kindly, for there's lots in him  to love.  b  Tl  fc  EL  H  .<  ^  ��  W  a  <!  h  o  H  o  S  ��  H  ~3  ��h  o  ��>  c  a  Si  ���o  a  ���3  H  $  s  a .  .��  o  n  >  P  w  V*  ��� F  >  a  <TC  a  P  0  Kaslo Route���Steamer Nelson.  Connecting on Saturdays and Wednesdays with Nelson  & Fort Sheppard Railway for Knslo ana lake points.  Leaves Nelson��� Leaves Kaslo for Nelson-  Mondays at i |). in. Sundays al S a. in.  Wednesdays at 5:10 p. in.      Tuesdays at. 3 a. in.  Thursdays at I p. in Thursdays at 8 a. in.  Saturdays at 5:10 p. m. Fridays ill. U a. in.  Connecting on Tuesdays and Fridays with Nelson & Fort  Sheppard railway for Spokane.  Bonner's Ferry Route���-Steamer Nelson.  Connecting with Great Northern railway for all points  east and west.  Leaves Kaslo Tuesdays and Fridays at.3 a. in.  Leaves Nelson Tuesdays and Fridays at 7 a. in.  Leaves Bonner's Ferry for Nelson and Kaslo at 2 a. in. on  Wednesdays and Saturdays.  en  Revelstoke  Route���Steamer Lytton.  Commuting with the Canadian Pacific Huilway (main  line) for all points east and west.  Leaves Uovelstokc on Tuesdays and Fridays at 4 a. in.  Leaves Robson on Wednesdays and Sundays at 0 p. in.  Northport Route���Steamer Lytton.  Connecting at Northport for iioinls north and south on  the Spokane Falls & Northern Railway.  Leaves Robson Saturdays at 4 a. m.  Leaves Northport Saturdays at 1:30 p. in. -  The company reserves (he right to change, this schedule  at any time ..without notice.  For full information, as to .tickets, rates, etc., apply at  the company's ollice. Nelson, It. C.  T. ALLAN, Secretary.      J. W. TROUT..Manager.  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B.C.  Spokane Falls & Northern Railway,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway.  All Rail to Spokane, Washington.  Leave 7 A. M.  .NF.LSON. Arrive 5:10 P.M.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  THE TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE BAR  IS SUPPLIED WITH THE BEST BRANDS OF ALL  KINDS OF WINKS, LIQUORS, AND CIGARS.  On Tuesdays and Fridays trains will run through  to Spokane, arriving thereat ;>:30 P.M. same day. Returning will leave Spokane at 7 A. M. on Wednesdays  and Saturdays, arriving at Nelson at 5:40 P. M��� making  close connections with steamer Nelson for all Kootenay  lake, points.  Passengers for Kettle River and Boundary Creek connect- at Marcus wilh stage on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays.  To Hunting, Survey and Prospecting Parties,  and Others.  The new fast Steam Launch  BT  DJ  Can be chartered by the day or week on reasonable terms.  Special Attention to Miners.  K-A-SLO,   B. O.  The Slocan is the only first-  class hotel in Kaslo, and its  managers have an eye singly  to the comfort of its guests.  MANAG-BES.  HOTEL  Kxtonsive improvements now completed makes  the above hotel one of the bc.-t in the city both  for transient guests and day boarders.  FINEST WINES,  LIQUORS, AND CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  IN  JOHN JOHNSON, Proprietor.  Barroom Fightors.  The .siiinniiii'.y manner in which Siilliviin  was whipped by n waiter has raked up  reminiscences of barroom fighters of n decade ntfo,   who always  looked  upon a  A Rule that Should be Rigorously Enforced,  It is stated that general manager Warren of the Great Northern railway has  issued a general circular to all employees  of the road expressly forbidding the employment of any man who in addicted to  the' use of intoxicating liquors or who  uses vicious, profane, or uncivil language.  Violation of this rule is canst; for dismissal, and every official is held personally  responsible for its observance by the men  under his control.  East Baker St., Nelson.  Is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district, and  is tho headquarters for prospectors and  working minors.  M ALONE   &   TREGTLLUS.   Props.  ouse  Orders sent through the pursers of the steamboats Nelson and Ainsworth, with whom all arrangements can be  made, will receive prompt attention. Arrangements can  also be made through John Houston & Co., The Tribune  ollice, Nelson.   Address, bv mail or telegraph,  August 28th, 1S!H. I!. W. RUSK. Balfour, 11. C.  ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE.  In the county court of Kootenay, holdcn at the last crossing of the Columbia river, in the matter of John Buchanan, deceased, and in tlie mutter of the Ollicial Administrator's Act, dated the Thirteenth day of August,  A. I)., 1SII1.  Upon reading the affidavits of Edward C. Arthur and  Maggie Connor it is ordered that Arthur Patrick Cummins, ollicial adminstrator for tho county court district  of Kootenay, shall be administrator of all and singular  the goods, chatties, and credits of John Iluchunan, deceased, and that this order be publisned in the Nelson  Tribune newspaper for the period of sixty days.  (Signed) WILLIAM WARD SIMNKS.  Tho creditors of John Buchanan, late of Nelson, in lhe  district of Kootenay, miner, are reiiuesled within sixty  (liO) days of Ibis dale to send tome by registered letter  addressed to me at Donald, in the district of Kootenay,  full and verified particulars of their claims with dates  and items. Upon Ihc expiration of the said period of  sixty days i shall proceed wilh the/distribution of lhe  said estate, having regard only us to such claims as I  shall receive notice of as aforesaid.  Dated at Donald, in the district of Kootenay, this:i!ltli  day of August. 18!M.  A. P. CUMMINS, Ollicial Adminstrator.  Notice of Application for Certificate of Improvements.  "hannah" minku.m. claim, kituatk in tub nl'.i.son  minim; division ok wkst kootknay, ���'uVcatki) on  toad mountain. ' '        ,  Take notice that Frank Fletcher, as agent for William  SI radian, free miner's cci'lillcale No. uU'Wiiitends sixty  days from the date hereof to apply to the'gold, commissioner I'm-a ecrtilicato of improvements, for IJie purpose  of obtaining n crown grant to the above claim, and further take notice that adverse claims must be sent to tho  gold commissioner and action commenced before the issuance of such certilicatc of improvements.  Dated October (1th, 1S!)1.  Notice of Application for,Certificate of Improvements.  "(101.DUN DKII'" MINI'.HAI, CLAIM, TUAIL CKEEK MINING  DIVISION.  Take notice that we, Thckln M. Dormitzcr, free minor's  certificate No. .Will, and Joseph Donnitzcr, free miner's  cerlillcate No. ;>U(if>", intend, sixty days from lhe date  hereof, lo apply to the gold commissioner forncertificate  of improvements for I lie purpose of obtaining a crown  grant of lhe above claim. And further take notice, that  adverse claims must be sent to Ihc mining recorder and  action commenced before the issuance of such ecrtilicato  of improvements.  Dated this ;Jlh day of September, 180-1.  BAR.  Corner Stanley mid Slllcn streets, Nelson. AVo are now  running the Stanley house bar, and will be glad In have  our friends mid acquaintances give us a call.  DAWSON H CUADDOCK.  Notice of Application for Certificate of Improvements. ���  (). K.  MINKICAI,  CLAIM,  THAU, OHKKK   MININO  DIVISION.  Take notice that we, John Y. Colo, free miner's certitl-  cn I is No, WIOTI, D, ,1. Hughes, free miner's certificate No.  /illlJ'.'K, and Maurice Oudin, free miner's certificate No. Mli'ifi,  intend, sixty days from the date hereof, Io apply to the  gold commissioner for a cei'tillcate of j;npi'oveinciiln, for  thi! purpose of obtaining u crown grant of the above claim,  And further lake notice Ilia! adverse claims must bo  sent to the mining recorder and action commenced bo-  fore the Issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated tills ,'HHli day of August,'IWIf.  ��liS��IIiiBBBBB,,'  ,T-"'J--."s��"iJ~"-i&'"'r',,i-"'"i"-"  " fVt ���< >IJ,I V"'  ^rv^-vyw^^  ���yi��7 THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON; ��� B: C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1394.  8  a^ffaCTong.t Tfrn ftm-WMT^  7>^*,��-F1^ >?�����������^---.�����������-/��^*^*-^.I^  -^^^tFT-CW ���W^^-^lf  Capital,  Rest, :  all paid  up,     ���  $12,000,000  6,000,000  Sir DONALD A. SMITH, ���...:... President  Hon..-GEO. A. DltUMMOND Vice-President  E. S. CLOUSTON .'-. , .General Manager  3SrELS03Sr   BEAlSrCH,  N. W. Cop. Baker and Stanley Streets.       MUNCHES IN    ���  LONDON  (England),   NEW YORK,   CHICAGO,  ���   and in tho principal cities in Canada.  Buy and sell Sterling Kxehangri and Cable Transfers.  ��� OltANT COMMEItCfAIi AND TUAVI'.I.I.KHS' CUKDITS,  available in any part of tlie world.  DHAKTS ISSUKU; .COI...KCTION8 MADK| ETC.  SAYINGS BANK BRANCH.  "HATK OK INTEREST (at prosont) IU Per Cent.  THE CONFESSION OF PAUL BLANC.  Iii a record book of the probate court in  lluntsville, his name was Paul Blanc; but  beyond this nothing more was known than  that a man, who was presumably a bachelor, had bought a. certain picturesque  stone cottage. The chief grocer admitted  having received an order, written in a fine  French hand, for an expensive .supply of  pantry stores, many of which were not  on his shelves. The postmaster reported  that the stranger neither sent nor received  letters. No gossip could come from servants, for the .stranger kept none.  The impertinent curiosity of the villagers was repelled by a gate which was  always locked, but Paul Blanc did not  hide himself and at certain hours of the  day he might- bese'en walking on the asphalt path which surrounded an ellipse of  blue-grass. His steps were slow as if from  age, but when he reached the curve of the  path nearest the gate, his face could be.  seen and showed that he was not so.old  as he appeared. His.'long hair was white  and' his clean-shaven face was smooth  save lor a line which rain down his left  cheek; his eyes were dark, and his smile  was sardonic. Of his voice no one could  tell.  The isolation of his life was broken only  by a Siberian mastiff, which, with head  bowed in imitation of his master, followed  him as he walked around the curving asphalt. Like his owner, the la/.y. tan-colored dog seemed always in a state of  acute pre-occupation. Speculative interest concerning the dreamer, as people  termed him, was at full tide for some  ��� months, until a tacit yet linal conclusion  was reached that nothing could be ascertained relative to the former history of  the man and hi.s hermit existence.  One'morning at early dawn a passing  laborer saw crape on the gate, and a  closer inspection disclosed that the lock  was gone. He did not go in, but waited  until some other person happened by.  The chance comer was myself, a physician,  returning from a patient whose condition  1 should have known was hopeless. It  was not necessary for the laborer to  direct my attention to the insignia of  death, for as it fluttered in the breeze, it  had come within the field.of vision before  1 saw the man, and as one who was expected, I went in.  The house was quiet. A current of air  from the open door stirred a portiere at  my right, and, looking beyond it, I saw  the man to whom, in the years of his residence in the the town, I had now come  nearest. He was sitting at a table, and  his face was buried in the folds of a white  cloth. On the table was an ivory miniature, beside which lay-a bulky roll of  paper, and suspended from a hanging  lamp was a bottle, from the mouth of  which there dangled a piece of wick.  Touching him, J found that he was dead,  and glancing at the bottle I saw that it  aviis labelled '.'Chloroform." He had seemingly been his own destroyer, and had  hung, the bottle so that the saturated  wick might drop the fluid on the cloth,  thus keeping him under its influence until life was extinct, in a corner of the  room the dog, on the collar of which was  engraved the name Zao, was sleeping, apparently stupefied by the odor which permeated the whole apartment. Jn my  office as coroner, I took charge of the roll  of paper and picture; then I passed the  evening reading the iMS. which gave the  story of the man's life. Since then the  ypars.have passed into history, and I see  no reason why this strange autobiography  should not be made public.  ���  MY (X)NKMSSION.  After seven years of sublimated suffering as falls to but few men, I am about to  write the history of my life, dating it  from my twenty-first birthday, since it  was then my life really began. In evidence of what I was, it is best to recite  some of the formative influences previous  to the day of my majority. My. baptismal name, as may be seen on the register  of the cathedral of St. Louis in New  Orleans, is Paul White, now aged thirty.  The reversal of destiny cut short the intention of my parents to educate me for a  profession. At eighteen 1 was forced to  go to work, and a year later tlie death of  my father left me as the sole support of  my mother. I loved my father but his  passing did not effect me very deeply, i'or  there was great pride in the position to  which I was elevated. As my mother  made my world, 1_ rejoiced that such comforts as she required would be afforded  her by me. As I write, I can see her before me. Her appearance was distinguished, and  suggested  a  French   mar  quise. Her hair was white, and fell in  caressing folds about her high, thoughtful forehead; on her-face there was a  patient, pathetic resolution which was  Spartan in effect, and her eyes were suggestive of the earliest brown on a hazelnut. To me she was a saint, and knowing  that .any'-.wrong on iny part would augment the grief in her life, I made her my  only companion lest, in association with  youths of my own age, I might be overcome by the temptations which' assailed  them.   To her I became an idol.  In a manifestation of mutual love which  was almost romantic, we lived as companions. There was no toil too heavy,  since its end meant her happiness, but at  my labor she often rebelled, and it was  amusing to note the petty economies she  practiced; to show me how little was required for her comfort. ��� Some of our happiest moments were on Sundays, when  after early mass wo went to our old plantation' and spent the day beside spine  spring which was endeared' to us through  early association.  It was on one of these outings, when I  was neariug my majority, that she expressed a wish for me to marry, and when  f stated that tome matrimony .seemed a  luxury rather than a 'necessity of,life, she  urged that my idea was a subterfuge, employed from fear that I could not ".support  a wife. She endeavored to persuade me  that my earnings were amply sufficient  for three persons, but I hastened t(f impress on her that there was no.one whom  I. cared to marry. At this she laughed,  and when we walked to the little burial-  ground in which my father lay, I placed a  hand on'his tomb, swearing that I would  never marry during the life of my mother;  but of this she was ignorant.  There was nothing of unusual occurrence in our lives, until my twenty-third  birthday. As she kissed me on that morning, she begged me to come from work a  little.earlier,- and thinking she intended a  surprise for me, [put aside my work before sunset and cheerily started home.  When I reached the house, my mother  came forward to meet nie, and in her rear  was a young girl; later I learned that, as  she had no. other relatives, her home  would be with us.  As I think of her now, my brain bounds  in thought, and there run through me  thrills wdiich make my hand almost too  tremulous: to write. 1 seem to.live in another incarnation. I had always been an  admirer of female beauty, but this woman  was fairer than any type of which I knew.  Her eyes were dark, lucid; and when she  talked, their piny pantomimed every virtue or vicissitude for wdiich a man might  battle. On the ivory of her cheeks there  was ambushed a vermilion dye, which became a ruby on her carved, ripe lips. In  figure she bore that pliancy of outline-  which is peculiar to the women of the  Orient. In her voice was the melody of a  moonbeam, and her laugh was a lyric.  Tome she was the book of Fate, and I  eagerly read every page of it. When she  formed a world for me, 1 adored; and yet-  there was no mention of my love, for I  was drunk with the dalliance of days  when, with no words spoken, we each  rightly read the heart of the other.  At this time I became conscious that  my love for my mother was daily growing  weaker. The chords wdiich had bound us  as interchangeably as are one mind and  spirit, were being loosed by my hand, and  tiiis new phase in my existence bore 'upon  my mother and myself a far diverging  effect. To her it carried a joy that I had  found what she believed tlie highest  measure of happiness for man; but as I  saw the old landmarks of my earliest love  being removed, there was the pain of a  knawing grief; yet I found restraint impossible. Day after day witnessed a renewal of the tight between love and affection, and I was conquered. 1 seemed to  stand alone in the universe, and there was  no one to whom I could apply for sympathy.  It is with horrible shudders that I recall  an event that happened at this time. In  coining from her room my mother fell  headlong; the physician Who came said  there was injury to the brain. At night  he called again, and when he left, 1 walked  with him on my way to get some medicine. As I carried it home, there came  over me a maddening desire to throw the  bottle down, for, without the effect it was  expected to produce, my mother would  probably die, and in her death 1 saw the  way to my marriage with Edith. It Imd  already been demonstrated that three persons could not live on my income, and  Edith clothed herself by taking in sewing.  My pride could notallow my wife to work.  As the thought which had arisen in my  mind came apparently nearer to me. it  grew into a world of light, and I hurled  the vial to the paving; as it crashed the  air seemed articulate with cries of murder, and like one possessed 1 stole on  throughthe night; each footfall sounded  the multiplied steps of a howling mob,  and the stars seemed to twinkle in reproach. Then as if guilty of the death of  my mother, and fearing detection on circumstantial evidence, I turned to go and  gather up the fragments of glass.    .;    j  At home all was quiet. A dim light  burned in my mother's room, and 1 felt  sure it was the taper placed at her bier.  In the enormity of my intentional sin,  there was no room for grief. At the door  Edith met me; my mother was sleeping  quietly; the voice of -Edith had never  been so musical as when she told me this ;  and after making her repeat the words  over, I sought my room to kneel in thanksgiving that, despite intention, the actual  deed of murder had not been done. When  1 awoke the next morning, there remained  such a sense of guilt that 1 could not look  into my mother's eyes, but with her  recovery a reaction of my feeling  set in; my whole heart went out to  her wealth of a child's affection, and of  Edith I scarcely took notice. At this lack  of interest she grew imperious in her demands, and angularities of disposition, of  which I had not known, were unpleasantly projected upon my notice; her love  languished as a flower that grows in the  shade.  While love lay fallow, it gathered intensity, and a few weeks after my mother's recovery, it had the fury of a whirlwind. Its lashings became more forceful  because of the indifference with which  Edith treated me; she comprehended thy  nature most fully, and to her handling  she. wrought every art which could fire  the ardor of man. My heart became an  instrument on which she played at her  pleasiire,;and in her executions he brought  'out.-the'���harmony of a consuming, love;  she touched, top; those notes which may  be called 'the .Judas Iscariots of music. If  another had 'riot,appeared affairs would  not have assumed their present phase.  Edith received the visits of a young man  against whom only baseless prejudice  could have- preferred any charge. He  called "'with growing frequency i'or several months, and from him she received  such presents; as I could not make her; in  a taunting manner she showed nie these  jewels and -pictures.  He left her one evening, and after going  to her room she beckoned nie to where she  stood in the warm glow of a satin-shaded  lamp, Ah, the vision of her beauty that  nightl She had put on a gown that had  been made for a young woman who was  soon to be married; it was a witchcraft  in shading of the dove-tints in an evening  sky of summer;' its drapery was classical,  and about the hem a Grecian design was  wrought in golden thread; where it  parted to show the ivory of her throat, it  jay in amorous folds, and I was jealous of  the insensate silk. I took her hands and  unrolled before her the scroll of my heart;  yet, knowing that I could not afford such  rich fabrics, I was goaded to desperation.  She wished them, and I saw from her  manner that, it I would marry her, there  must be.no delay.  Tlie pitiless barrier of poverty arose in  frightful immensity. My mother still  lived,and showed noevidenceof ill-health.  '-What devils-love-calls up! As I lay awake  one night in the effort to peer beyond the  hindrance to'my marriage, .1 could see  only one hope of its removal, and this  was the death of my mother. It is horrible to recall the blackness of my soul.  To the exclusion of all else, one idea now  possessed me, and it grew into a fascination so serpentine that I seemed to feel its  clammy coils ^around my body. It held  nie so captive that I forgot the torture  suffered when from a .'similar motive I  tried to compass the death of her who  bore nie. I only remember that in a closet in the hal! there was a bottle of cloro-  forin.  I got up threw a dressing-gown around  me, and, taking the fluid, went to my  mother's room, and arriving there halted  in trembling fear to-turn tlie knob; but as  I fumbled for it, I found the door ajar.  As I entered, I was conscious of the nervousness of haste, but in a moment. I fashioned the handkerchief so that it would  hold the chloroform, and placed it so that  it would produce a slow stupefaction. Ah,  heaven, 1 can hear her breathe now! The  sleep gradually became deeper, and I  again replenished the cloth. Outside a  bell rang the hour, and I took my seat on  the bed; her breathing became more and  more faint. I bent over .her; she was  dead.  I thought to kiss her as I-Ieft the room,  but the act seemed such mockery that I  tiptoed from her side as if afraid of my  dead. The morning after I slept soundly  until someone called me, and although 1  opened my eyes and saw every object in  the room, I felt sure I was dreaming, for  the voice was that of my mother and she  was dead. A* she came into the room, a  cold presperation oozed from my body.  Coming up to nie she placed her hand on  my brow as if in alarm.  "Why are you so pale?" she asked, and  I could not answer. I only thought I had  been mistaken in the vial, and that my  intentness in administering its contents  had prevented me from noting wdiat it  contained; and yet I was certain such was  not the case, for as 1 thought about it, I  could preceive the sweet taste that always gathered in my mouth when J had  inhaled it as a relief for neuralgia. Then  thinking tlie whole affair had been some  horrible nightmare, I laughingly told her  of the disturbance in my sleep.  "What have you there?" I asked, noticing a large white envelope in her hand,  such as lawyers use.  "A letter for yon which I unintentionally opened." She handed me the paper.  From it.I learned that by the death of an  uncle 1 was heir to a fortune. There was  now no obstacle to my marriage, and bidding my mother leave me, 1 got up to  dress. When half ready to leave my  room I heard a scream, and, rushing to  my mother's apartment, I found her bending over the bed.  " Edith is dead," she sobbed, and a black  pall seemed to shroud the world as I  looked down upon her.  "lint how and when?"  "I do not know. Last night she came  in to sleep with me. After a little I  noticed that the window next the bed was  lowered from the top. I could not put it  up without rousing her, and I disliked to  do that, for she had fallen into a sound  sleep. Then, fearing the cool air might  give me a cold, I went into her room tor  the remainder of the night."  I listened as one in a trance: if my sin  had been great, my punishment was superlative. Before me in the audible stillness of dea'h lay the woman whom I  loved, and for whom I had been willing  to become a criminal. I could not look  upon her, and as 1 turned from the sight  of my work, a mirror revealed how a murderer would look in the presence of his  victim. My eyes seemed to start from  'lead ; my face was drawn, and  the  and will soon be in  the valleys;  so do  not delay in getting"  one of Squire's  overcoats and foe  prepared for it.  ��p 1  'OJr^  fifteen days.  Squire offers fancy  worsted suiting's at  greatly reduced rates.  Call and examine  before they all go.  be ordered now.  Squire's selection of  worsteds, serges,  Scotch and English  suitings and trouserings  is very complete.  Corner Baker and Ward Streets, Nelson  E.C.TRAVES, Manager.  F. J. FARLEY, Treasurer.  HEADQUARTERS   AT   NELSON.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN FRESH AND SALT MEATS AND HAIS.  NELSON  MARKET:   BAKER STREET, WEST OF  POSTOFFICE.  Flour, $1.15 a sack.  Potatoes, $23 a ton.  Cabbage, $2.25 a hundred lbs.  Onions, $2.50 a hundred lbs.  SPECIAL RATES  ON  CARLOAD LOTS  Hay, $16, $18, and $20 a ton.  Oats, $32 a ton.  Shorts and Bran, $20 a ton.  Chickens, Turkeys, and Hogs.  ��mmlssion  JULIUS EHRLICH, Manager.      Barrett Block, NELSON, and Rickey Block, COLVILLE.  Ladies and Gentlemen, Attention!  ��  0  A. D. AIKENHEAD,  MANAGER.  ��  3  is the spot to spend your money, where you get the best  value in Dress G-oods, Ladies' Jackets, Capes, Ready-made  Clothing, Gents' Furnishings, Boots and Shoes, Rubbers,  Blankets, Comforters, Pillows, Floor and Table Oil Cloths,  etc., etc. All are invited to see my stock, which is now  complete.  my  lips were compressed as if  they wore a  chiselled smile of regret.  The shock of so sudden a death, acting  on a brain which had already sustained  injury, made a maniac of my mother and  later it became necessary to take her to  an asylum, where I left her under a celebrated alienist. Returning home. I began  tho seven years of torture to which I condemned myself. Since this terrible occurrence I have never beer, able to hold up  my head. In the continued torture which  I endured I thought of self-destruction ;  but it seemed right that 1 should suffer,  and death would prove a happy release.  I did not feel remorse for what I had  done, .but my punishment was imposed  because! of a physical dread of life. I became the slave of fear, and a constitution  which had been abnormally strong was  shattered. .My whole frame was subject  to the most frightful nervous rigors, my  hair grow white, and my hands were  those of a palsied man. In the day I  could  not remain in  the  bouse,  and at  night there was no sleep I'or me; it appeared that I must fight off hands that  were trying to hold white cloths to my  face.  For months my mind was in division  between my mother and Iildith. If my  fiendish design on one had been frustrated, I had by accident brought her to  a worse condition than death, and my  every hour was punctuated by the shrieks  of a maniac. The faces of my acquaintances became unbearable to nie, and as I  passed along tho streets, children���who  saw my fearful expression-would turn  and flee with cries of terror, it was apparent that everyone avoided me, and  life in New Orleans became a veritable  hell; yet upon oath 1 had condemned myself to live for seven years.  Within that time I have been temporarily in many places, hunting a peace which  has been unattainable, By chance I heard  of this house, and the quiet of this community, so, taking my present name, I  came hither; and with my residence here  began the period of a roinorse so material  that I have lived with a weight pressing  upon me. it was my wish to know no  one, and my desire for retirement has  been uniformity respected. Indited so far  as I know there has been no effort to  probe the mystery of my life, and this  liistory���-written as a part of my expiation���is the first knowledge that the people will have of me.  With remorse my torture has been  greater, more acute, than when I was  dominated solely by fear; it beggars description, and tlie lexicons of all languages would be .inadequate to express its  galling reality. There have been times  when I have cast it aside because, in my  struggle to live, I forgot the cause of my  desire to die and be i'vee from my self-  created hell, for 1 believe that man is hi.s  own devil. Vet I had not punished myself siiflicieiitly and I was offering the  atonement which every murderer should  make; to a man who has needlessly taken  the life of another, existence is the severest form of punishment-.  As each month cycled by, 1 felt within  mo th(! pulsings of joy; the desired e\\(\  was nearer, and with its increasing nearness the bitterness of living became more  bitter. In the voices of the night maniacs  have screamed at me; in the petals of  flowers a dead face looks in eternal reproach; in the softest wind that sports  with sunbeams on the Mexican gulf, I can  hear the voice of Kdith. Forever before  me is this woman whom I loved; forever  is she clad in that broidered robe; she has  become a haunting spirit-wife. I have  tried vainly to excuse myself for my horrible dee(\, but I -realize that my crime  was the outcome of the attendant selfishness of love.  The days of my voluntary sentence are  numbered, and the lashings of remorse  have a caustic, electric sting: with the  setting of each sun they become more  strongly volted, and in regret of my act  they sear and scorch my very flesh. (Jan  I live out the remaining days? It will be  impossible, for conscience is incinerating  me.  There are a few hours left. I have been  out to hang crape on the gate, and to  stimulate my courage, I have put before  me the chloroform which is to end my  miserable existence. In joy I have hold it  to my lips, kissing it as my sure deliverer.  Can it be wrong that I shall make an end  of my life? For seven years 1 have; wandered in the Dantean circles of hell, and  worse than this the future cannot offer;  I'or if it could, heaven would approve my  expiation. For me there is nothing but  annihilation, and the climax of my punishment is that I shall never see them  again.  Dear (Jod, be pitiful! There arconlya  few minutes more, and my face wears the  anticipation of awaited peace. I am  calm; no tremor runs through me; a feeling of rest permeates me; it seems a tangible rest. In its presence the cries of  mother are stilled, and the face of F.dith  has vanished. The world has never looked  so bright as when I am leaving it.  Paul Blanc  Becoming a Model English Gontloman.  Since his recent trip abroad the prince  of Wales has surprised his friends by a  strange abstemiousness in the matter of  food and drink. It is not many years  since the prince of Wales had the reputation of   being   able  to   punish  as  much  champagne without feeling a difference  in the morning a.s anyone in the whole of  aristocratic clubdom.    Night in and night  out he dallied  with the wine, and only a  few of his particular cronies were of the  opinion that he was going to thedemni-'  tion bowwows.    He pulled up in time and  saved his reputation by limiting his potations, and  for some time the people of  England have looked upon him as a model  Kngiish gentleman.   Within-the past two  weeks he has   become even more abstemious.   The little wine he drinks, says one  acute observer, is plentifully diluted with  effervescing  water,  and  so is  the   light  claret he sometimes affects.   After dinner  he confines himself to one small  glass of  champagne.   Then,  again,   he  no longer  delights  in    the   precious   secrets   of  la  grande cuisine.    Atone time he was the  best judge of a dinner in Kurope, but now  he contents himself with those plain Kngiish dishes that are to be found on  the  middle-class tables.   .Moreover he eschews  large and strong cigars and takes comfort  in mild   llavanas.    Along  with this temperance in food and drink there is an unusual juvenility of deportment.    At recent balls he has danced every dance with  an case and abandon rare in a .man of his  age and build.  GOLD  AND   SILVER   EXTRACTION.  Tin: f'asset Cold Extract ing Oo.. I't't. of Glasgow.  lili'- M;k-,\i tlnirh"! r.-.t ��*y;*ii).l.- I'riK-i-.j.l  Is prepared Ui negotiate with mine owners and others  for the extraction of theithove metals from the most refractory ores, unit lo treat anil report on samples uji to  one Ion' in Height, sent lo its experimental works. \ an-  couver.   All (.'(iinmiinicalions to be addressed to  W. I'KLLEW-IIAUVKV. F.C.S..  Assay and Mining Olllces. Vancouver. B.C.  All kinds of assay mining and analytical work undertaken  Application for Liquor License.  Notice is hereby given that I intend within thirty days  to apply to the stipendiary magistrate of West Kootenay  distriet'al. Nelson for a license lo sell liquor at retail at  my hold at r'redericton in said district,  DAVID T. MOU1CK.  Dated Octolici".'.')rd. I Mil.*  ASSAY OUTFIT  FOR SALE.  Large and complete assay plant for sale, including balances, furnace, and chemicals-. If not sold by private  bargain on nr before September fith, it will be sold by  unction at Nelson. For further particulars apply to K.  Apple wait o.rnriier Victoria and Kootenay streets, Nelson,  Koi'.i."ja.3  In L.* ���.' i"�� ��� ���  S  Est*.-**-!1. .^ J.I I4f77.   i -V  ���i:  THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER  11,  1894.  A full Range of Woolen Shirts and Underweap to suit everyone's taste and  pocket. A very complete stock of Boots and Shoes at hard-time prices. Suits,  Coats, and Pants, Rivetted Overalls, Blanket-lined Clothing1, Mitts arid Gloves,  German Socks, Mackinaw Suits, Melissa Waterproof Coats, Gum Boots, Lumbermen's Rubbers, Snow Excluders and Overshoes.   Call and inspect the stock.  Baker  Street,  Nelson.      Telephone 30.  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  At a meeting of the board of directors  of the hospital, on Tuesday night, Dr. La Ban was reappointed medical officer until the next annual meeting.  There are three patients in the hospital and funds enough  in sight to pay ailexponses until .luly 1st, 18!IH.  An' electric light plant has been installed  in the smelter at-Pilot Hay. It has InO lG-eandlo-power  lamps capacity.  The foreman of the fire company has  Imd all the fire hydrants in Nelson overhauled, so as to  prevent their freezing during tlie winter.  The West Kootenay Butcher Company  opened a meat market, next door west of the postollice, on  Monday. E.G. Traves, formerly with Wilson & Perdue  and Wilson & Burns, is in charge.' This gives Nelson  three meat markets, and all report doing a good business.  Married at New Denver on Wednesday,  the 14th instant, by G H. Morden. Methodist minister at  Nelson, Alfred A. Read to Kdith E. Caveen, both of Silvcrton.  A thanksgiving service will-be held by  the pastor of the Methodist church in Hume's ballon  Thursday, November 22nd, at 11 a. in.  All are invited.  Maine has a law that authorizes any  citizen to kill a dog tl>\t is engaged in hunting deer. Nelson, it seems, has e.'.i unwritten law that all dogs that are  prized by the'- owners shall be killed periodically by  poisoning.^.   '  "Jirn'^Dolan of Bonner's Ferry is no  loager a "judge." He ran for justice of the peace at the  -last election and was defeated by a benighted free-trade  Democrat, named "Tom" Patterson.  Major J. I. Barnes, who has a store on  the Idaho side of the International boundary line at  Kykert's, has shipped in three carloads of flour in the  last three months. Two years ago three carloads of Hour  would have lasted all the settlers then in Kootenay valley  a lifetime.  Methodist services in Hume's hall on  Sunday as usual. Morning subject, "A Model Sermon;"  evening subject, "An Open Door."  The first snow of the season fell at Nelson on the Kith to the depth of three inches.  W. J. Wilson of Wilson & Perdue" has  sold all his interests in South Kobtunay to Patrick Burns  of Calgary, Hereafter the meat markets at Nelson,  Kaslo, Three Forks, and New Denver will be owned by  Perdue & Burns.  John Gates, of the Independent Meat  Market at Nelson, has commenced to put up " Pure Leaf  Lard" in 2-pound tins. Before long .lack will have an  establishment that will rival that of cithcrArmour lie Co.  or Fairbanks & Co., tho great Chicago packers.  There is a rumor current that Josiah  Fletcher of Kaslo has sold all his real estate interests in  New Denver to Byron N. White, manager of tlie Slocan  Star mine.  It is reported that Berg, the tent and  awning manufacturer of Spokane, is making preparations to start an ore sack factory at New Denver.  Judge Spinks, who will preside at the  session of the county court at Nelson on Monday, and il.  13. Kerr, barrister, of New Denver, arrived at Nelson on  Friday over the Columbia & Kootenay railway.  E. II. Atherton, merchant, Sandon, and  Fred Richardson, merchant, New Denver, put in twenty-  four hours in Nelson this week explaining why the Slo-.  can country must be prosperous this winter.  Fresh fish and oysters twice a week.   C. Kaulfnian.  Fat turkeys, ducks, and chickens always on hand.  International Commission Company. Nelson.  Choice apples and pears, by tlie box, a specialty. C.  Kaulfnian.  Dressed veal and pork, dressed chickens, turkeys, geese,  and ducks; all kinds of sausage; veal, ham, chicken, and  pork pies. Deliveries made at any point on Kootenay  lake. John Oates, Independent Market, West Baker  street. Nelson.  Try a pound of N. W. T. butter, 25 cents. C. Kauffman  A Business Change.  Slocan Times, 10th: "Hunter&McKin-  non have sold out of business in New  Denver, and are going to concentrate  their energies at ���Silverton. They consider the expenses of maintaining two  large general stores within four miles of  each other too great to be justified. Their  late premises will be occupied by I. S.  Freeze & Co. of Calgary, who are putting  in a very large stock in their particular  lines. Hunter A; McKinnon would probably not have built in New Denver this  summer had there not been a possibility  that the mines behind Silverton would be  closed down this winter. But things are  now looking so promising that they think  there is enough scope for their energies in  supplying the wants of the Four-mile  camp. At the same time, it is a matter of  regret to everyone in New Denver that  business men who are so highly and justly  respected, should have severed their connection, even to this extent, with the  town. Jt is, however, something to consider how closely the interests of the  whole Slocan country are knit together,  and to know that it is the progress of Silverton,  not' the   backwardness  of   New  Denver,   which   is   responsible   for   the   ��  move.  What is the Referendum?  Dissatisfaction with the working of our  provincial legislature is loading to a demand in many parts of tlie province lor  the adoption into general practice of the  Swiss referendum. Jt is urged by the advocates of this change that if the opinion  of the people can be obtained in approval  or disapproval of the acts of i.)ie legislature, we shall be certain of defeating  many pernicious measures, and of aiding  in the enactment of many desirable ones.  Tho following from an article in the Century Magazine for November will enable  our renders to judge for themselves as to  tJie probabilities ol^ these results being  obtained through (his instrumentality:  There are in Switzerland two varieties  of referendum, one called the obligatory,  and the other the facultative or optional.  The first'applies to all amendments to the  federal constitution, requiring that these  must all be submitted to the popular vote  for ratification. The second requires that  all laws and acts of a general nature shall  be submitted for popular approval whenever' 30,000 voters or eight cantons petition  to have it done. Though the cantons  never petition, the people avail themselves  of the privilege- so freely that during the  , twenty years in which thelaw has been  in force they have had the referendum  applied to an average of-one-eighth of all  the laws passed. Only a third of those  submitted have secured popularapproval.  One curious fact about the working of the  referendum in Switzerland is that labor  laws, or measures designed to benefit the  condition of the working classes, are very  likely to be rejected. A single instance of  this kind occurred in June "last, when a  vote was taken on a proposal; to insert in  the constitution a provision affirming the  right of every male citizen to employment. It was rejected by'a vote of 3GO.OO0  to 83,0.10. Formerly similar results had  been recorded in the cantons. In one of  them, the industrial canton of Zurich, a  law was rejected which reduced the  hours of work in factories aud gave protection to the women and children employed in them. The same canton also rejected a factory law, a law providing for  '.the'compulsory insurance of workingmen  and regulating their relations with their  employers, and a law giving daughters an  equal inheritance with sons in the estates  of their parents. Laws involving an expenditure of money are almostinyariably  rejected. It was the custom at one time  in some of the cantons to submit the appropriation bills to the popular vote; but  as these were rejected several times in  succession, it was found to be impossible  to carry on the government, and the practice had to be abandoned.  Live and Let Live.  No section of Canada is better provided  with   general   merchandise   stores   than  West Kootenay, and the merthants, as a  rule, are liberal and  public spirited.   In  fact, they have been too liberal and pub-  lie spirited   for  their  own good.   They  have been liberal in making advances to  prospectors aud have been public spirited  in building wagon roads and trails.   That  their profits are fair will not be denied,  but they are not higher than is justified  by   the   volume of  business  transacted.  They have all aided  to develop the mineral resources of the district and have all  helped to upbuild the towns.   No one of  them today is the owner of a valuable  mine and no one of them would be able  to sell his real estate and improvements  thereon for the  original  cost.    Surely,  then, they are entitled to the trade of the  district.   If mining companies cannot get  supplies in quantities to suit from local  merchants, then  the   merchants are at  fault, and  the mining companies should  not be blamed when  they  bring in sup  plies.   But supplies for a mine do not include overalls antl boots and tobacco for  the men employed in the mine.   All these  articles are carried by the local merchants  and competition is brisk enough to keep  prices within reason.  So with individuals  or firms,    if they cannot get needed supplies from local merchants in quantities to  suit, then  they should   not be blamed if  they prociir supplies from outside points.  Hut in  getting supplies   for themselves  theyare not justilied  in bringing in supplies   for   their    neighbors.    The   merchants are fairly entitled to all the trade  of the district, and  they should not be  compelled  to compete with mining companies,   non-traders,   and    outside   merchants.    Live and let live is a fairly good  rule to go by.  The Accident Was Fatal.  The following are additional particulars  regarding the shooting accident referred  to in Tin-: Thibunk last week. The Bonner's Kerry Herald of the 10th instant  says: "A fatal accident occuned on  Kootenay lake, near the mouth of Kootenay river, on Thursday, by wdiich John  Cabler lost his life. Cabler and a friend  were on a hunting trip. Jn attempting to  pull his gun from the boat, it was discharged. It was loaded with shot, and  the charge struck him in the leg just  above the knee, shattering the bone and  the shot glancing off and lacerating  the limb in a frightful manner. His  friend started for Hykert's, the nearest .settlement, with tlie wounded man,  but. night.overtook them before they got  into the river, and becoming bewildered  they drifted on the lake all night, tho  poor man suffering untold pain, It was  late the next flay before they reached the  camp of the Kootenay reclamation works,  where they were picked up in the evening  by the steamer Nelson and brought to  Bonner's Ferry. Dr. G. E. Barker was  called in, but he found the man beyond  tha reach of surgical aid. The limb was  swollen frightfully and mortification had  set in. Cabler died at 5 o'clock Saturday  ���'morning.. The deceased had no relatives  in this region. He was a southerner, and  had a brother somewhere in Colorado,  lie Avas about 45 years of age. Cabler has  been prospecting in the Slocan country  for the past two years. He lost his partner in a .snow slide last winter. He excited much admiration for his tireless  search for the body of his unfortunate  companion. He finally succeeded after  others had pronounced the search hopeless." ..     '  Speculation is Dead.  Johann Wulffsohn of Vancouver, one of  the promoters of the Nakusp & Slocan  railway, has returned to Vancouver from  Europe, where he has been for a year.  He reports business generally in Europe  quite as dull as it is in Canada. He says  speculation is dead, and capitalists fight  shy of all investments that are not guaranteed by some stable government. Probably Mr. Wulffsohn is interested in the  Cariboo & Ashcroft railway scheme, which  is supposed to be in need of backing from  some stable government.  Bad Luck at Cards.  The  Bonner's   Ferry  Herald says the  Indians around that place are all broke,  and are rustling for blankets and grub as  they never rustled before. Bad luck at  cards is the cause of their poverty. About  a month, ago forty or fifty Calispel and  Spokane Indians made them a visit for  the purpose of trading and gambling.  They succeeded in winning from the Bonner's Ferry Indians everything they possessed in tiie way of money and horses.  (Notary Public)  Victoria Street, Nelson, B. C.  Mining and Real Estate Broker  Commission and Insurance .;  Agent  KEI'RESENTING  The Confederation Life Association. The Phoenix Fire  Insurance Company. The Dominion Building & Loan  Association of Toronto, Etc.  MINES INSPECTED  AND REPORTED UPON.  Several good lots in government townsitos of New Denver and Nelson to be sold cheap.  Stores and offices to rent at. Nelson.  Tenant wanted for ranch on Columbia river near Uob-  son, or will sell.   Good opportunity.  LOTS    IN   ADDITION    "A"  to sell on easy terms.  Apply at once to  W. A. JOWETT, Victoria St., Nelson, B.C.  Kootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  (V full stock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry,  clear Iir flooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  NELSON STABLES.  WILSON  & SEALE,  TEAMSTEBS.  Contracts for hauling ore anil merchandise made with  mine owners and merchants. Job teaming attended to.  Stable on Vernon si reel, opposite Turner & Kirkpatriek's.  Notice of Application for Certificate of Improvements.  "NCMIIKIt ONK" MINKIt.M. I!I,AIM.  Take notice Mint- I, as agent for William Moore, free  minor's certificate No, YXiH'i, intend, sixty days from the  date hereof, lo apply lo the gold eoininisHioner for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of oblalninga  crown grant of lhe above claim. And further lake notice  that adverse claims must be Kent lo the mining recorder,  and action commenced before the Issuance of said certificate of improvements.   CIIAKLKS WKKTLY HUSK,  Puled this fith day of October, I Kill.  We have another carload of Groceries just arrived from  '���'������'������      Winnipeg, and it has been  ONLY TEN DAYS ON THE WAY.  Actually the fastest time on record.  The Giant Monopoly is evidently determined to redeem its  character, ane we are pleased to see it, for it means to us the  freshest groceries in town and an increased business.  We have in this consignment  New Jersey Cranberries,   Digby Chicks, Miller's  Paragon  Cheese,  Gray's Famous Glasgow Jams, Grated Pine Apple, Honey,  Oysters, London Layer Raisins, Fresh Peel,  Spices, Powdered Sugar,  and a complete line of staple goods, at reasonable prices.  Vernon Street, Nelson.  Telephone 27.  ��    9  BAKER   STREET,   NELSON.  and from this time on, or until further notice, we will sell Groceries, Crockeryware, Glassware, Dry Goods, Clothing, Hats,  Boots, Shoes, Furnishing Goods, etc., at a fair profit, for Cash.  Liquors and Cigars, at wholesale only.  in need of Tableware should call on  Jacob Dover, Jeweler, Nelson, before  placing their orders. His stock of silver-plated knives, forks, spoons, casters,  butter dishes, pickle dishes, and silverware is complete and his prices as low  as anywhere west of Winnipeg. Mail  your orders and they will be attended  to.   Store, Houston block, Baker Street.  If to myself there added be  My third, my sixth aud live times three,  Five score and five the sum will bo.  What is my number?   Tell it nie.  Multiply the answer to the above by 10 and you will get  an idea of the variety of onr new stock of HOLIDAY GOODS. It will be the most complete  collection of the kind ever offered here, and will range from a 5-cent Toy or Xmas Card to a  $15 or $20 Present. Parties at a distance sending us their mail orders can depend on a satisfactory selection.   Staple lines as usual.  TURNER BROS.,  W. PERDUE, Nelson.  P. BURNS, Calgary.  G  e  Are prepared to supply every town, mining enmp, and mine in South Kootenay with beef, mutton, veal, pork,  and sausage; also, with side and breakfast bacon and sugar-cured and smoked hams, Orders by mall carefully filled and promptly forwarded.  Nelson,  Kaslo,  Three Forks.  i  .������>.���:  i.i M,  .'"���>���.  ��� i ���   ������  ������ii  Tf-f"  ��� <''"���! -.   -  <>  ���i*t    r.  ���1   "fc   ���T  *&& \:  f^'-t  -rrr

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