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The Tribune Nov 23, 1893

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 East anu Til est Kootenay  Have   Better Showings  for  Mines  than   any  other Sections on the Continent  of America.  Zl 7i >��?..*-UJ^^il^J jai^^zz  - -Z1ZL- VfZLL.TttJJ!ZZZZzrT**4  (Capital anu Brains  Can   Both   be   Employed   to   Advantage   in  the  Mining  Camps of East and  , West   Kootenay.  SECOND  YEAR.  --NO.  NELSON, BRITISH  COLUiMBIA,  THURSDAY,  NOVEMBER  2a.  !8i)3.  PRICE  TEN  CENTS.  THE NAKUSP & SLOCAN RAILWAY.  A    FEW  FACTS    REGARDING . ITS    COST  AND    CONSTRUCTION.  Women Now Have Hysterical Knees.  I re.id somewhere the other dn.y that  this winter's new gowns will have a wadded lining reaching a, loot or more above  the hum. to prevent the eold or rheumatism, which is today a general complaint  Is it Good Policy to Exploit the Credit of the  Province for the Benefit of a Few Railroad  Promoters.    The Nakusp k. Slocan railway is being  built under the auspices of the government of British Columbia, and the credit  of the people of Bi'iti.sh Columbia is being  used to pay for it. The present 'government has, hi addition, been making a good  deal of party capital out of the enterprise,  claiming .that it will open up a large section of the country, antl taking credit for  tlie fact that it will put a, stop to the 'i'n-.  iquitoiis tralh'e in .American capital and  enterprise, which has hitherto been going  on unrestrained in West Kootenay. It  should therefore be ol: interest to every  'British Columbian, and more particularly  to every citi/.en of West Kootenay, to  have a few facts laid before thoni as to  how this road is being built, what it is being :-.built for, whom it is ultimately to  benelit, and who is to pay the piper, and  (his last especially, as premier Davie intimates that parliament will be asked to  guarantee the principal as well as the  interest on the capital required to finance  the road.  The Inland Development A:-Construction  Company certainly deserves great credit  for tlie economical way in which the road  is being built: there is no waste or extravagance in construction. The following is the schedule-to. which the subcontractor has to'" conform : Solid rock,  $1 to $1.10 a yard; loose rock, '!"> cents;  cemented gravel. ���''>."> cents; earth,1(5 to 17  cents; grubbing, .ij> 100 to Sj52iX) an acre;  ties, "cents iu the bush. The figures are  not excessive, but their eil'ect is reduced  by an ingenious system of estimates by  which the contractors are forced to take  the price, of earth for gravel, and so on,  which has been carried-to such an extent,  that, with one exception, there is no coil-  tractor on the road but is suspected to  have gone behind. To such a pitch -has'  this come that the contractors are prepared to take -concerted action to obtain  redress. They do not expect to have to  go to law however. They rely on that  dislike of having their doings dragged  into the light of day whiclO'ailioad promoters share with tiie criminal classes.  There can be no doubt ''whatever that  the road is being built as cheaply as possible. Not only is the labor being screwed  down to the last cent, but light ties, old  rails, ami sharp curves are being uniformly put in. The road is not only cheap,  but faulty. Curves as high as 1.!)'.'JO'are  being allowed, 1(5' being tlie highest permissible by law in the United States, and  ill tlie eight miles of track already laid  not a new rail has been u^ed. Kvery rail  is a second-hand one from the main line  of the Canadian Pacific. The trestles on  the road are universally admitted to be  badly built and the llimsiest ever put into  a Canadian..road.  So far .so good as regards the cost of the  road to the construction company, but  Avhen the cost of the road to the taxpayer is considered'it is altogether different. The road is to cost $2.'5.000 a mile, or  $!)(H),()00'in all. It will be completed for  under .$(500,000. according to the estimate  of competent engineers and the judgment  of practical men who have seen the class  of work put in. -Whore is the surplus  $.'���$00,000 going? That is a question which  may be very pertinently asked of premier  Davie. It Avould not do to suggest that  ministers of the crown are getting a share.  It is too much to credit Air. Davie with  such iMachiavelian ingenuity in this  scheme as to flatter the people of West  Kootenay that he is favoring this section,  to flatter tlie province as a whole ttiat he  is buttressing its trade against foreign  competition, anil at the same time to be  lining his pockets against those periods of  private and individual depression to which  -.public life is liable at any time. But  while it is assumed that the ministry are  themselves in motive and action ail that  they ought to be. the red herrings of progressive policy and patriotic enterprise  must not lie allowed to obscure lo the  people of British Columbia, and West  Kootenay the real nature of the transaction.  The plain facts are these: There is a ���*!()  per cent commission on this deal, which is  coining out of the pockets of the taxpayers and going into the pockets of some  one else. The taxpayer will never ultimately benefit to the extent of a dollar  by the road. No sooner iloes it become a  paying concern than it is found to lie  owned by parties who did not pay for it.  And if the patriotic feeling is carried out  to its logical conclusion, it means that the  taxpayer has paid to place the iron heel  of a monopoly on his own neck. The  trail of the serpent is over it all; and it  certainly behooves the people of tlie country to take care that their credit is not  exploited for the benefit of anyone except themselves before it is too late.  There can bene objection to the government building new and necessary lines of  railroad. Such a policy has the support  of every pioneer and well-wisher of the  province. But what the government  builds and the people; pay for, let the government and the people own.  among my sex. Very many women are  unquestionably victims to-aching limbs,  but now I learn the physicians call this  trouble hysterical knees, or that it is an  affection of the nerves centered at that  joint. Certain it is that in this cold  climate women (logo about insufficiently  protected, just as children did before their  long leggings were introduced. Again  and again, with shoulders weighted under  furs, with heavy coat, muff. boa.and veil,  they will go out in n .small blizzard having  nothing stouter than a silk stocking  guarding ankle to knee. It may be one of  those pretty inconsistencies that 'make  women so charming, but I am satisfied  one thickness of fhmucl would rout all the  hysteria in the knees now causing the  owners so much discomfort.  TRAIL   CREEK   DISTRICT.  'THE   POLICY   OF   INFAMY."  A Scorching Denunciation of Cleveland's Hawaiian Policy.  Editor Dana of the New York Sun is  not satisfied with the manner in which  the, Cleveland administration has dealt  with the Hawaiian problem. At least as  much would be inferred from the tone of  the following which appeared'on the editorial page of the Sun:  "The announcement of the Cleveland  policy respecting Hawaii has come. It is  not the -policy of the United States government or the policy of this republic. It  is not yet, thank God, the policy of the  Democratic party. It is neither more nor  less than the.personal determination of  the executive officer charged with temporary power, to use that power to, enforce personal conclusions, and to commit  this country to. his'personal conclusions,  regardless of the consequences.  "Stripped of every special pica and .specious pretext surrounding the essential  fact, what is the purpose which Mr.- Cleveland.'now' declares through the so-called  report, of his too subservient secretary of  state? 'To:crush the life out of a, young  republic/already recognized by us as an  independent and responsiblegovernment;  to employ the armed power as well as the  moral .influence of the United States to  thrust back upon a civilized people, American iu their instincts and habits and aspirations, a barbarous monarchy in the  person of a vile and ridiculous person,  whom I hey have -driven- from the throne;  to undo the work of the revolution which  made Hawaii a republic by means of a  counterrevolution by a coup d'etat planed  planned in the White Mouse at Washington and secretly but deliberately ordered  iy the president of the United States.  "That is the Cleveland policy. The  American |>olicy was settled long ago. It  has never varied. Never before has any  American executive undertaken to stamp  out republicanism and set up a monarchy  in any part of the world. Never before,  we believe, has an .American president issued orders-for the assassination of a free  and successful government. Never before  has any officer of this government-undertaken, upon his own responsibility and  without consulting congress or the people,  to decide the destinyof a foreign country  in diplomatic relations with ourselves.  Sever before has a president invited or  commanded his cabinet advisers to assist  him in the odious business of setting up  again a rotten and broken throne.  "Was there no American spirit in the  cabinet when this policy of infamy was  decreed? Walter Q, Gresham would have  done well to tear his commission into  pieces, and fling tho pieces into tlie face  of his master, ratlier than to sign his  name to the document which carried to  the nation the announcement of the nation's shame.  "So cunningly and so secretly has the  way been prepared at Washington for the  restoration of the wretched Liliuo.calani  at Honolulu, if p.issible, before public  sentiment could assort itself in the United  Scates, and so adroitly have the promoters of-the coup d'etat timed the publica  Encouraging Reports as to tlie Condition of  the Mines.  P. .J. Kennedy, who I'or several months  has been.at work in the LeKoi mine, Trail  Creek district, was at Northport last week,  and while there gave the Northport News  a glowing account of the Trail Creek  minus.  Among the most promising now working are   the  LeRoi,   War   liaglo,   Nickle  Plate,   Josic,   Mountain   Star,   Mountain  Chief,   Little   Chief,   anil   the   Bonanza.  The LeRoi has a force of twenty-six men ;  and   ore   is   being   shipped    to   Taebma.  The first shipment of forty tons ran $58  in gold to the ton, but assays made since  show that the ore is getting higher grade  as development goes on.   Tlie whole face  of the 'main tunnel is'solid ore, and it. can  be taken out at but little cost.   The owners have  erected buildings over the ore  'dumps and shafts and -intend to work the  inine all   winter.    The War  Fagle has a  force   of  five   men, a,nd   Avork   is   being  pushed as rapidly as possible.    The ore in  this mine is somewhat similar to that of  the LeRoi, and. iu  fact all ores found iu  the different claims on Bed "mountain are  of   the   same   nature.     It    is     thought  that     the     force     on   the    War^   Eagle  will    soon    be   increased,    as   the   owners   are anxious . to   begin shipping ore.  Four    moil   are   working   oil   the   .Josie.  Shaft   houses   and   ore  sheds are  being  erected aud all the necessary .preparations  for winter are Hearing completion.    Similar work is going on on the Nickle Plate.  .Mountain   Star,   Mountain   Chief,  Little  Chief, and the Bonanza.  Fvery miner seems to have .some news  'regarding the Trail Creek mines, and according to their opinions the ore is there  and plenty of it.    Tlie ore  which is now  (a ken to Trail, loaded on boats and trans-  ��� ferred   to   cars at  Northport cannot be  gotten  out in that way  when the river  gets too low for the steamers to run, says  the News, and it is therefore beiieved that  the ore will come direct to Northport over  the Northport and  Sheep Creek.'wagon  road.    There are only two hills to ascend  coming from the mines, anil although they  are rather steep, they could  with a little  work, be put in  a  condition  to   haul  ore  over.    The  citizens of Northport and the  ��� Northport- Townsite Company, built this  road and  the mine owners can   well afford to grade   down  the two  hills  mentioned     above.      Eventually    this    will  have    to    be    clone   as    mines    on    this  side of lied   mountain   can   not'possibly  get  their   ore out by   any   other   route.  The O. K., I. X. L.. Little Dalles, Diamond  ii., and numerous extensions, are. located  two and  a  half  miles this  side of   Red  mountain, and-within half a mile of the  Northport ami Sheep Creek road.    These  mines are looking fine and only need development to rank  them with  the  best.  The O. K. has a  force of men working in  the main tunnel and the ore which is now  being extracted looks well.  The fact that Sheep Creek and Trail  Creek have so many valuable mines show  that when spring opens up this will be  the liveliest town in the northwest. The  Deeji Creek and Cellar Creek mines, which  are on the United States side of the boundary-line, are all looking good and ore is  being sacked ready for shipment on most  of them. Prospectors are coming in for  their winter supplies daily and preparations of all kinds are being made.  [It is now in order for Trail's oldest  boomer, E. S. Topping, to come to tne  front with a letter showing that the only  way to get ore out of Trail Creek district  is by way of his town, Trail, which is in  British Columbia, and which will be connected by .steamboat with Waneta,, a,  station in British Columbia on the Nelson  & Fort Sheppard railway. Northport is  in Washington.���Fi)iTouTiuiu;.\'r:. |  OUR   MAIL   FACILITIES.  tion of their instructions, in order to  cover minister Willis's movements under  his secret instructions, that the astounded  people of the United States do not yet  know what has happened in Hawaii.  "Have the hopes of the woman who  called herself queen; of the interested  British friends: of the mercenary Spreck-  les: of the dull and prejudiced' Blount,  who went out to make a lawyer's case  against the Hawaiian government, been  drowned already by the success of the  counter-revolution, ordered by the president of the United States?  "Has Liliuokalani been marched back to  her throne under the escort of American  bayonets and to the music of "Hail Columbia." or are the intelligent, respectable  and patriotic citizens of Hawaii fighting  today against American troops and dying  iu the streets in a struggle to preserve the  government they have established and  the blessings of liberty and order which  they thought they had obtained for themselves and their children?"  Chickens as Placer Miners.  J. A. JMeConville, who lives near Butte,  Montana, killed one of his chickens, and  on cleaning it found some small gold nuggets in the crop and gizzard. Having  about thirty more chickens on hand, he  began killing and examining them. In  each of them he found nuggets, the total  amount gathered from the thirty-one  being $MS7.">.">. an average of $l'2.r>0 a head.  The gold was sent to a- bank and pronounced 1<S carat line. .Mr. McConville  bought thirty more chickens and turned  them out in fhegoldlield iu the vicinity of  his hencoop. Later, as an experiment,  one of them was killed, and $2..S0 in gold  was taken from it. McConville expects to  be a millionaire   if the chickens hold out.  The Kaslo & Slocan Railway.  The surveying parties sent out by the  Kaslo & Slocan Railway Company are all  in, except a few men left behind to look  after the camp outfits. Chief engineer  .McMillan and Messrs. Tuck and Fasten  are in the company's office at Kaslo doing  the work that must of necessity be done  indoors. Six different gangs are at work  clearing the right-of-way between Kaslo  and Three Forks. Nogradiugor bridging  contracts are likely to be let. so reports a  iron tractor who came across from the Nakusp .A: Slocan looking for work. This  contractor is of opinion that neither Foley  Brothers nor the Croat Northern Railroad  Company have anything to do with the  work. The suspicion is that no definite  arrangement has yet- been arrived at with  the Creat Northern people, and that the  work now being done is being done by the  promoters of the Kaslo A: Slocan company  to save the company's charter.  Six Years After.  A young man and a, young woman lean  over a front gate. They are lovers. It is  moonlight. Hi! is loath to leave, as the  parting is the last. He is about to go  away.    They swing on the gate.  "I'll never forget you." he says, "and if  death should claim nie my last thought  will be of you."  "I'll be true to you." she sobs. "I'll  never see anybody else or love them as  long as 1 live."  They part. Six years later he returns.  His sweetheart of former years had married. They meet at a party. She has  changed greatly. Between the dances lhe  recognition takes place.  "Lot me see." she muses, with tier fan  beating a tattoo on her pretty hand, "was  it you or your brother whom I used to  know?"  "Really, I don't know," he says. "Probably my lather."  A   Newspaper Makes a  Clean-Cut   Statement  and Then Takes it Back.  The following appeared in the Victoria  Colonist, and is a clean-cut summing upof  the condition of our mail service:  Our KoultiNii.y coitusihiihIciiI. Lulls us Hint the mails in  Unit iiii|ioi'liiiit mill iiitLTi^li'itf disli-ict unj badly do-  iiioriilixud. lie says ilmt limits iiruriuluyctl iiiineousMirily  in Xulsoii, iuiil Unit Idlers urc su:il to tlii.'ir dusliinil ion  by a ridiculously numdiibout rouLc. Surely there isMjinu  iT-iiicdy I'or Ibis statu of things. Titi��u l,o whom Ihu  triin-,inis-ion of thu mails is (jut niMod in that uoiintry  should be (.'oinpollud lo do tliuir \vorU iiromplly and wilii  I lie luu.it possible di-'lny: mid the mail routes .-.liould be  so nrrimtfed Unit, a letter inlundud I'or a place six miles  from where il is written will not him; lo be carried liim-  kruds of miles before it reaches its dusl.inal.ion. The  country is new. and the means of inter-communication  urc no doubt notof the best, thu postal authorities should,  therefore, calculate upon taking sonic unusual trouble  and incurring some extra uxpcn.se to wive thu settlers tho  mail accommodation they rei|iiiro. .'I'lieroare few things  that fend so greatly lo-promote-the growth of newly  settled districts us regular and rapid mail communication/: Tho Kootenay country needs all the postal facilities that can be extended to it. and wo believe that it. is  not only the duly, but the ''interest of the posto/lice department to supply that promising district with sueli  facilities.  The following also appeared in the Victoria Colonist, and is, no doubt, inspired  by the postol'fice authorities, whose headquarters are at Victoria: '\'.  'Having made inquiries in tho proper quarter as to tho  alleged irregularity of mail conveyance in the Kootenay  district, we find tnat the post ollice. department is finite  alive to the importance of giving that part of the province all the postal accommodation that its present'condition and, circumstances permit. With reference to the  particular grievance complained of,-wo are,assured thai,  the post ollice department fully appreciates the convenience which a through mail route -between Kaslo and -  Xew Denver would be to the residents of thatseclion and  we understand thattlie Kaslo Transportation Company  has been consulted in the inatter. and no doubt, flic people of Kasio and Xew Denver will aid the local authorities, hy means of a petition lo the department, in securing the desired convenience. As regards our correspondent's allusion l.o the delay of mails at Xelson, we Mud  that on the occasion referred to the irregularity occurred  through some misunderstanding not yet explained; but  such delays must be exceptional, as arrangements were  made witli a reliable man, who bus always given strict  attention to Ids duties, I'm- the transfer of the Kaslo mails  atA'el.-on: It would be iiii.jn.-.t. and .-premature to blame  him for any delay that may have been unavoidable.  The trouble with  the pos toll ice authorities is that they are not built  right for  their.jobs. They are geared wrong.  They  were intended for official  life, but nob for  .positions-ill  which brain   power.''is  used.  ���For-nobody with brains would order mail  matter, sent.-around  two  hundred   miles  when its destination is but live miles distant.    The postol'fice authorities ordered  that   the  mail  inatter  deposited   iu  the  postol'fice    at   Watson    be   sent   around  by way. of.'Nakusp and   New  Deliver to  -Three Forks, 'the  latter -place".' being but  five   miles   distant   from ...Watson.'    But,  possibly, the postoffice .authorities" do hot  know"the" lay of the land.    Perhaps, like  the   Canadian   Paeilic..telegraph   people,  they  believe   that the .most roundabout  way is the only feasible one.  For instance:  The   Canadian   Pacific   telegraph -people,  .believed that in building a telegraph line  between   the   head   of  Slocan    hike and  Kaslo the only way New Denver could be  reached   would  be  by  a   ioop line  from  Three Forks, Three Forks,  at  the  time,  being the center around   which   revolved  all other interests in Slocan district, that  is from the point of view of certain  railway   promoters:   just  as   Nakusp  is the  center around which revolves all matters  concerning postal arrangements in'West  Kootenay, from   the point of view of certain men who misrepresent the people at  Ottawa..  Tin-: Tuiiu'xt; has pled, begged, flattered, reasoned, and used every method,  at its command on the 'postoffice authorities, '"in "order that this" people of West  Kootenay should have ������what they are  fairly entitled to, adequate mail facilities,  but all to the same effect. Judging from  their actions, the authorities..are either  self-sufficient asses or under the thumbs o  self-interested in embers of parliament:  able to bear them. In barbarian countries the women have to do the work  simply because they are the weaker���that  is all. And the others, being the stronger,  do not expend their strength in working,  but expend their strength in making the  weaker do their work.  "This is precisely the same in our civilized society today. Between the rich  and the poor, if the burden is to be borne  in this country, it is borne by the poor,���  always.  "Tl'iey are the first to suffer. Let the  blast of war blow over this country; who  goes to the war? Who goes to the front?  The millionaires? Not one. Who goes?  The great presidents of.corporations? No.  The nien who'preside over great vaults of  gold ? Not much ! The pooivinaii goes'be-  causc nine times out of teni the poor man  is the more patriotic. The poor bear the  burdens of this country and of this world.  "Only a few yearsago our money was  gold and silver���money that had been the  money of man for thousands of years.  Our silver was demonetized and gold made  the standard.  "There is no man in the United States  the  lere  is not one.  "I do hot think the few should have the  right to combine to increase the va.Iue of  what people call money against thedebtor  anil in favor of till the creditors, i want  free coinage of all the silver you can mine '  from the mines of America, and if there  are those who are not willing to take,silver we will not trade with them."  NELSON IS A EAILBOAD CENTER.  SOUTHERN   KOOTENAY   NO LONGER-DEPENDENT  ON   THE  C.  P. R.  4.  UUI  C      lO      I1U      IliClIl      ill       UlU,    ^'UilUll    ._> l-'C  with ingenuity enough to accouut'for  demonetization  of silver  iu   1873.   Th  A Mean Way of Doing Business.  Revelstoke Star, IStli: '"It is a cruel  piece of business on the part of the '.Bevel-  stoke & Arrow Lake rai I way con tractors  to pay their workmen with unnegotiable  paper,' for the time checks 'served'' out to  the men are not fair payment for work  done���their being very few business men  and hotelkeepers who will take .thoni at  all. It was all rightat first. Time checks  were accepted at all the stores and hotels  at their face value. But when these same  time checks were sent to the contractors'  office to be cashed, anil,no cash was available, the thing grew irksome, aud li. & A.  li. time checks,-dropped to n() below zero  in public"estimation,- and remain there  yet. What are the men to do? Some of  them have time checks three months old  and can't cash them. Then, again, men  have finished their con tracts and have  had to wait around for two. or even three,  weeks before they could get their work  .measured ��� up. They have $1 a day deducted for board at the different camps;  and it looks pretty much as if they were  .purposely kept in camp until they have  eaten tip all the money due to them'under  their contracts. This is almost as mean a  piece of business as.attempting to run a  newspaper in lievelstoke."  Silver King Ore Coming Down.  The Silver King has probably.more ore  really for shipment than any other .mine  in Kootenay, that is inorcore in ore shells.  It is being brought down to the wharf at  Nelson at the rate of ten tons a day. The  management has not decided how many.'  tons will be shipped this winter, but if a  good rate can be got over the Nelson dc  Fort Sheppard. the shipments"'may'aggregate more than those of any other  mi no in the district. The first shipments  will'go out by way of Bonner's Ferry.  Declined a Token  of Esteem.  "When'I-lirst "went as United States  minister to Turkey," said general Lew  'Wallace, "a very funny thing happened  mo. One of the first and most important  duties 1 had to fulfill was a call of state  which I had to pay to the:sultan. As first  impressions are most lasting, I took particular pains to agreeably impress the  sultan, and though somewhat perturbed  in mind over the unaccustomed duty. I  admitted myself very well���so much so  that it led to one of the most embarrassing and laughable experiences of my  whole life. (Sreat was my astonishment  shortly after arriving at home to receive  a visit from one of fhegreat functionaries  of the sultan's court bearing a token of  his highest esteem in the shape of an elegant present. It was n beautiful young  lady from his own harem.  "Vou may imagine, if you can. the predicament I was in. If I should refuse to  accept, the present, it might seriously  olVoud his majesty and cause serious international complications. On the other  hand, if I accepted the beauty, howeould  lever explain to the American people?  And there was Mrs. Wallace!  "The short of il was that 1 sent her  hack, and next day I succeeded in explaining to the sultan the position it would  place nie in before my people at home,  and convinced him that it would not be  wise for me to accept such a gift, lie  eventually icplaeed the present with one  much more sa tisfaetorv to.Mrs. Wallace  at least."  Ingersoll   on Silver.  About, all there is to flic silver question  is contained in the following winged  words from the inspired lips of b'obert ('���.  Ingersoll:  "I said I would say one or two words  on such vulgar things as gold and silver.  I am satisfied, as I am I hat. I li ve. I hat 1 he  few who control the debts, the currency,  the money of lhe world, have combined,  either conscientiously or iineonseieiitioiis-  I y. to make lhe debtor pay more t linn the  eridifor has a right to ask.  "The tendency has always been in this  weld  to put  the burdens on those least  Not Passable for Teams.  ' W. IL Smith of New Denver reports not  enough.snow on either end of the road between Kaslo and Now Denver for sleighing, and even if there was enough the  blasting operations of the Nakusp cV  Slocan rail way graders in the canyon of  Carpenter creek keeps that part of the  road impassable. It is expected the  graders will be through their work within  two weeks, when the road can be used for  the purposes I'or which it was built.  Are Treated Inhumanly.  One of the Nelson <.V. Fort Sheppard  traeklaying gang, known as "Big Jake  the Dutchman," had a hand badly mashed  on Sunday by a rail falling on it. It is  reported that he was refused both surgical  treatment at the railroad hospital and  transportation back to Sayward. If half  the reports heard are true, t he poor devils  ��� who build oiij- railways are too often  treated inhumanly hy the men in authority over thoni.  The "Rat" Labor Employer.  A printing firm in Vancouver is sending out circulars and price lists, of which  :i batch has been received at the ollice of  Tin-: Tifiiu'xi;. As i.he firm in question is  known among printers as a "rat" outfit,  we most respectfully decline sending it  any orders that we are unable to fill ourselves. If there is one being more despicable than another, it is the employer of  "rat" labor.  Jumps on the "Old Gang."  The KevolstokeStar has rathera pointed  article on t he "tenacity of the old gang"  that have so long kept, the townsite of  Hevelstoke in litigation. The only way  some people can get their "rights" is in  the courts, aud the "old gang" seem to  have more "rights" than all the rest of  the people iii   West-  Kootenay combined.  A Modest Dun.  Till-; Tkiiu'NK has not been given to ;  urging the people of the Kootenay country to rally to ilsstipport : but if the boys  would keep I he sheriff from taking an inventory of its plant, they will remit their  subscriptions with t hat promptness which  characterizes all their actions.  An Outlet to the South that will be Operated  Summer and "Winter is Now Open by the  Practical Completion of the Nelson & Port  Sheppard.    On .Monday forenoon.was laid the rail  that gave Nelson its second  railway and  southern Kootenay an all-the-year outlet  to the remainder of the'world.- The event  was not celebrated, although it marks the  beginning   of   what   is -hoped  will   be a,  long period bf'-prospbrityv-to the'people of  this section of the province.    Indeed, this  rai 1 road's comi ng iias been diseouii ted for  so long a time by our people that they  gave it just about as much  thought and  attention   as   they   gave ;���'.. the   passage  through the streets of' the first sleigh-load  of ore from the Silver  King mine, both  events  happening about the.same hour. ���  Notwithstanding   this   seeming   indifference, no one. with material interests in tho  town  or...district  has other  tlian  kiudly  ��� feelings towards the promotersand builders of the Nelson & Fort Sheppard'..railway.'-- Tlie  promoters,  in the '-"lirst place,  had an uphill fight to make in .securing a  charter for the company, and the builders  were gifted with something besides nerve  or-the road could not have been built,in a  time of depression   that--has not had its  'equal since the hard times of 1857.  Although the road is not yet open for  traffic, the sound "of the locomotiver whistle as the material trains pass the siding  at Nelson indicates that tlie days of construction .must soon be at an end, for, at  this writing, less than three ."miles of track  .remain to be laid to allow of transfers  being made between steamboat and boxcar. The work of grading tracks at Five-  mile point and sites I'or a freight shed and  an engine house incompleted, and the material for the buddings will be oil the  ground as soon as the track can be laid.  ���Within' two weeks the road will be inspected and turned over to the operating  department of the Spokane & Northern.  The depot at Nelson is not very conveniently located,1 but the inconvenience  will be borne with until such time as the  track can be laid along the water front  from Five-mile point back to the government wharf at'the foot of Hall street. A  road to the depot should'be'built,"and tlie  railroad people believe that as they have  rustled up a million dollars to build sixty-  live miles of railway without getting a  dollar from the provincial government,  that the latter should-turn in and build  the half mile of . wagon'road needed to  connect the depot with the streets of Nelson.  Bad Weather and Bad Mail Service.  The regular correspondent of Till-:  Tkiuu.vk at New Denver writes: "The  weather has been too much for the men at  work on the Grady group, and six of them  have been laid oil' until quarters can be  built. .Most alarming reports about the  price of silver have been filtering in here.  It is another of the advantages of our  surprising" postal service that we are till  the time tantali'/ed by vague and indefinite reports." Nakusp has two mails a  week, and the contractors on the railway  have, for a small monthly assessment,  been supplied with two mails a week, but  Now Denver has only one. This is the  more idiotic, as the mail inatter is brought  over the route for so much a pound, and  it would cost no more to send it twice a  week than once a week. What we want  is a definite system of postal communication with southern Kootenay first, and  with the outside world second.. This can  only be done by way of Kaslo. The last  Tui'nr.vK came by' way of Kaslo. It  made a difference .of four or five da vs."  Trying to Keep the Revelstoke Route Open.  From those who came down the Columbia the fore part of this week it is learned  that an effort is being made to keep tho  lievelstoke route open awhile longer.  Navigation is practically closed between  Bevel.itoke and the "green slide," the  steam barge lllecillewact even having  difficulty iu getting down. If the railway  can be completed down to the "green  slide." a sleigh road will be built from  t hat point to open water on I'pper Arrow  lake. It is imperative that something be  done, aud done at once, as there arc fully  a thousand men strung along the route of  the Nakusp A' Slocan railway and the  food supply is getting very low. Of  course supplies could be got iu by way of  Nelson and Kaslo, but the nien who are  building the Nakusp A Slocan are not-  likely to incur the additional expense that  would be incurred in getting in goods by  the southern route.  Impeded by Slush Snow.  The Nelson was unable to get through  to Bonner's Ferry on .Monday, owing to  tin.'slush snow in the river, and had to  discharge cargo and passengers at the old  landing-place of the steamer Galena. Tlie  snow fell to a depth of seventeen inches  at Bonner's Ferry and to a depth of  twenty-live inches tit Crossporf. only a  few miles farther up the river. The slush  was so solid that a pole could hardly be  driven through it, and when the steamer  would back out in attempting to get  through, the opening would remain i'vee  of water for several uiimd.es. The steamboat men reckoned on finding a clear  channel on today's trip.  i������Bgaira^^ ���THE  T1UBUNE:   NELSON, ?,. C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER  >):>  l18fl3.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THE TItlHUNK is published on Thursdays, liy .Ioiin  Houston & Co., and will lie mailed in subscribers  on payment, of Onh Doixut a year. \o subscription  taken for less Hum a year.  REGULAR ADVEKTISEMKXT.S jji-iiiU-iI al the following rales: One inch, i'M a jeur; two inches.  SCO n vcur; three inches SSI a year: four incite-!.  $!>(! a vear; five inches. $10o a year; six inches and  over, lit the rale of Sl.ol) an inch per inonlli.  TRANSIENT ADVEUTI.SEMES'I'S -Ml cents a line for  first insertion and 10 cent.- u line for each additional  in.scrtion.    Uirlh,  marriage. ���'"'(!  death notices free.  LOCAL OR HEADING MATTER NOTICES M cents a  line each insertion.  JOH 1'IUXTIXU al fair niii's. All accoiinl.s for job  printing nml advertising payable on the first ot  every month; subscription, in advance.  ADDUESS all communications to   THE THIIUJXE. Nelson, I!. C.  TRAVELERS'   GUIDE.  STEAMER  NELSON.  Sundavs���Leaves Nelson at.'i p. in. for ICaslo.  Mondays��� Leaves Kudo al I n. in. for Honnei-'s Imjitv.  Tuesdays���Leaves Homier'- Ferry al I a. in. lor Kaslo.  Wednesdays-Leaves ICaslo at, fl a. in. for Nelson : returning, leaves Nelson al :t p. in. for Kaslo.  Thursdays -Leaves Kiislo at I ;u in. for Uonner'.s Kerry.  Krid.ivs   Leaves Moaner's Fen-} al I a. in. for Nelson.  Saturdays- Leaves Nelson at il a. in. for Kaslo; reluming, 'leaver- Kaslo at :t p. m. for Nelson.  STEAM Eli Aixswoimr.  Leaves Nelson  for Halfour. Pilot   Bay, Ainsworth, and  Kaslo on Mondays, Wednesdays, and  Fridays, at !l  Leaves ICaslo for Ainsworth. Pilot May. Mill four, and  Nelson on Tuesdays. Thursdays, and Saturdays, at II  .    ��"'"' STEAMER   HUNT EH.  Leaves New Denver for head of SJlocan lake and for .Silverton daily, except Sunday.  Leaves head of Mleeim lake for New Denver and Silvcrton  daily, except Sunday, at, 5 p. in.  COLUMBIA k  KOOTENAV  JiAJLW'AY.  A train, connecting lit Robson with the steamer Columbia bound south i'or Trail Creek, -Sayward. Waneta,  and Northport, leaves Nelson on Mondays and Thursdays at 3 p. in. . ,     , ,   ,  A train, connecting at Robson with tho steamer Lytton bound north for Fire Valley, Nakusp, Arrow  Lake hot springs, and Revelstoke, leaves Nelson on  Wednesdays and Saturdays at 7 a. in.  At Northport connection is made with trams on the Spokane ic Northern for Colvillo and Spokane.  At Revelstoke connection is make with trains on the  Canadian Pacific for the PacLic coast and the East.  STAGE   LINES.  Stages leave Kaslo for Bell's, Watson, Hear J^ikc City,  Three Forks, and New Denver daily, except, Sunday,  nt 8 a. in.  Stages leave New Denver for Three Forks, Bear Jjiike  City, Watson, Hell's, and Kaslo daily, except Sunday,  at S a. m.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  DLaBAU,  M.D.���Physician  and Surgeon  ���   and 1  Houston block. Nelson.  Rooms 3  I'eleplione 12.  LR. HARRISON, J J. A.���Barrister and Attorney at  ��� Law (of the province of New Brunswick). Conveyancer, Notary Public, Commissioner for taking Aflidavits  for use in the Courts of British Columbia, etc. Ofliees���  Second floor, Scott building, Josephine St., Nelson, JJ. C.  SMte ��ttlmtte  THURSDAY MORNING.  .NOVEMBER 23, 1S93  KOOTENAY   IS   ALL   RIGHT.  Eastern wholesale houses have, in  the  past, been only too anxious to sell goods  to    the   merchants   of    Kootenay,   and  in    no    other    section    of    Canada    has  the  percentage of   loss   from   bad  debts  been  so small.   That our merchants are  now in debt is true; but that they are in  a worse condition than those of Manitoba,  or even, those of Ontario, is doubtful,   if  we mistake not, the wholesale houses of the  east have, in times past, carried the merchants of Manitoba   from  year to year,  owing to a succession of bad crops.    This  they  have  not had  to  do  for our merchants.     Not even  after they have,  by  standing in with theanti-silver element in  the United States, favored a policy that  lias destroyed  the value of one-half the  product of our mines.   Were the business  men and miners of the Pacific Coast in a  position, by their numerical strength, to  dictate or influence legislation to compel  the eastern farmer to acid thirty or forty  pounds to each bushel of wheat, or eight  to ten ounces to each pound'of butter or  cheese, would the eastern farmer or business man have very kindly feelings for the  Pacific coasters? Not very. But that is just  the hardship the eastern business man has  helped work on the western mine owner,  they have compelled him to nearly double  the number of grains in his ounce of silver;  and   mining   and   merchandising  are so  closely allied in this country that what  injures the one injures the other.    Jn no  section of Canada are there more honorable   merchants   than   in   the   Kootenay  country,   anil   the  word   "honorable"  is  used   in   its   broadest   .sen.se.     They  are  liberal in dealing with the men endeavoring to tievelop the resources of the conn try.  They do  not  live  extravagantly.   They  are   neither    drunkards    nor    gamblers.  That they have ''speculated" will not be  denied, but the speculations iu which they  engaged were enterprises that had  to be  carried on in order that the growth of the  towns kept pace with the requirements of  the country.  That the Kootenay country is in a condition to warrant the uneasy feeling said  to predominate in the eastern wholesale  centers is absurd. What other section of  country with a total population of less  than five thousand people can, in the  next six mouths, produce from old mother  earth a sum equal to that which will be  produced from the mines of Slocan alone?  Not one. The Kootenay country is all  right.  ___   AN   EDITOR'S   CRIME.  The crime for which editor Kill's of New  Brunswick was fined and imprisoned was  a heinous one. The crime was printing  the following iu his paper, the O'lobe of  St. John:  " People who know something about the  '��� course of political events were not sur-  " prised when they read in the papers  " this morning that .Mr. justice Tuck had  " issued a writ of prohibition to judge  ���" Steadman of the county court, prohibiting hi in from proceeding: to recount the  " ballots in the Queen's election. Nevertheless the fact that such a wiit has  " been issued adds fuel to the fire of dis-  " content now burning fiercely over this  ���' whole business. The trick by which the  " voice of the majority in Queen's is  ���' silenced is condemned all over the coun-  '��� try in unmistakable terms as a flagrant  ���' outrage upon public rights and as a  ������' grossly iiumoral transaction. The ap-  " peal to judge Steadman for a judicial  ���' reconsideration was made to a man of  " fair and honest judgment, who, if he  " had political leanings at all, would  " have them towards the Conservative  ���' party, but whom the people generally  " would trust to do wlutt was fair. He  " might, therefore, be safely allowed to  ������ examine into this whole matter and to  " do justice. Hut it is not justice that is  " wanted, and, therefore, judge Tuck in-  ������ tervenes. This whole business, as it  ������ stands before the country today, is a  " scandal and an outrage of the most  " abominable character. It is an outrage  '' upon the electorate, and a disgrace to  " institutions alleged to be free. It is the  " worst blow public liberty and public  " morality has yet received, and no effort  '���' should be left untried by the friends of  '��� free institutions to prevent the foul  " deed which Baird and his allies are seek-  '' ing to perpetrate on the country."  IS   OUT   OP   POLITICS.  " The Canadian  Pacific Railroad  Com-  " pany is absolutely out of politics,  and  ������ will not interfere in the coming election  ''��� in Winnipeg for member of the Domin-  " ion house," writes president Van Home.  ���'The Canadian Pacific takes no part iu  " politics and lias no use for a newspaper  " organ,"    says    vice-president   Shaugh-  nessy.    How long since is  it that  every  employee of tlie Canadian Pacific in Kootenay was either forced or induced to vote  for colonel Baker for member of the legislative assembly?   Hardly three years ago.  But, then, it was probably done without  the knowledge of Air.   Van Home  or .Mr.  Shaughnessy.     These   two  upright nien  have, however, wicked parties one here iu  British Columbia,, who do not hesitate to  bulldoze,    bribe,   and   wheedle   tlie employees of the Canadian Pacific Railroad  Company into doing  things on  election  da.y  that are not on   the  square.    But  it is cheering news to hear that the railroad has gone out of politics.  "Corruption at headquarters is a-poison  " that slowly but surely finds, its way  " throughout, the whole organism, it is  '' absurd to think that you can make the  " people righteous by preaching and pray-  " ing, while that kind of work is toler-  " ated. 'You might as well try to train  "your children righteously by making  " them say their prayers morning and  "evening, and allow them companion  "���with thieves and blasphemers through-  " out the clay." Thus writes principal  Grant of Kingston, Ontario, one of the  brightest men in Canada. And his words  fitly describe the feelings the people of  West Kootenay have for the provincial  government. While not charging the  members of the government with -personal corruption, the people well know  that the "close" friends of the government in this district are men who openly  boast that, public office is not a public  trust, but, instead, a means of feathering  one's nest at tlie public expense.  The British empire at the present moment may be said to be practically ruled  by Scotland, and lord Roseberry's remark  to the effect that wherever the world over  there was a good thing there would be "a  Scotchman sitting by it," is borne out by  the appointment of a Scotch peer to the  post of viceroy of iiiclia, the most lucrative office in the gift of the crown. There  are no less than six Scotchmen in the  cabinet, and everyone of the Australasian  colonies is at the present moment under  the rule of a Scottish governor, among the  most conspicuous being- the earl of Kin-  tore, the carl of Ilopetown, and sir Robert  Dull', while the governor-general of Canada, the earl of Aberdeen, is likewise a  Scot. The Scotch seem to rule the roost  in every part of her majesty's domains,  except only in British Columbia.  The Incompetent Woman.  There is absolutely no room in this day  and generation for the incapable woman,  at least in the bread-winning ranks. To  stand any chance of success she must be  well skilled in whatever she undertakes,  and the stenographer and typewriter who  cannot take her dictation at ordinary  speed and transcribe it accurately cannot  expect to keep her position, for her employer can fill her place with little trouble.  The dressmaker who "botches," whose  skirts hang unevenly, and whoso sleeves  are badly adjusted is the one who has to  resort, to advertising I'or work by the day,  for a good dressmaker's time is always engaged lar ahead, and her patrons cannot  get her without due notice. In domestic  service the girl who perforins the duties  required oNior deftly and well is the one  who saves intelligence office fees, and is  prized above rubies hy her employer. In  short, from the highest to the lowest rank  of wage-earners it is skilled labor that  pays, and that is infinitely easier in the  end than untrained service, which is of  necessity as laborious as it j.s valuclcKj*.  INEBRIETY".  Its Many Causes, Its Results, and Its Treatment.  Inebriety has been defined as a morbid  craving for intoxication. This intoxication may be induced by alcohol, opium,  ether, cocaine, hasheesh, chloral, and  other drugs. There are many physicians  who consider habitual drunkenness in till  cases as a disease, while others differentiate between the vice of drunkenness and  the disease of inebriety, albeit the lines of  demarcation between the two are often  very faint and uncertain. .Most of us are  doubtless familiar with ca.ses in which  frequent intoxication is merely the manifestation of a weak will and conviviality,  and with others iu which, through hereditary or acquired predisposition, a morbid  anil irresistible impulse exists entirely  beyond tho control of the victim and amounting lo an actual nervous disorder.  Heredity is doubtless of the highest importance as an etiological factor in the  production of either the vice or the disease. In an analysis of 000cases admitted  to an institution for inebriates in this  country, direct inheritance of a tendency  to drink was traced in 2:'>l.) cases, and insanity was noted in tlie progenitors ol' '.'A)  others, so that nearly one-half of lliein  were born in a condition to become victims of the inebriate malady. Inebriate  parents not only beget children who may  fall a prey to the same morbid impulse,  but their progeny are often feeble, idiotic, epileptic, or insane. Il is the custom  of physicians in all cases of insanity, epilepsy, idiocy, and many other disorders  to inquire into the inatter of intemperance in the family history.  ALCOHOLIC   1NERRIKTV.  The most common  of all   forms  of intoxication is, of course, that due to alcohol,  and   the   question  of  its treatment  most formidable.    Alcohol affects tlie system  in such a variety of ways, perverts  the functions of so many organs, invades  aud corrodes so many   tissues, that  the  physician is often puzzled as to what part  of ' the organism   needs  treatment  first.  The poison produces chronic inflammation  of the stomach, it gradually inllaines the  liver, and, in fact, strangles it like an iron  hand: it injures the heart, if affects the  kidneys, it does harm to the lungs, it produces neurasthenia, delirium tremons. insanity, and'epilepsy by its influence upon  the nervous system; it attacks the spinal  cord   and   causes   pseudo-ataxia.    Sometimes the  physicians  treat  one of these  conditions  in a patient,  and  sometimes  many.   But the  worst-condition'is that  of tlie vice or disease itself.  lie liuiy treat  and relieve  to a certain  extent the disorders just enumerated,   but   the   habit  offers terrible ���'difficulties to overcome in  order to conquer it.    How shall the habit  be cured?    Por 'many  decades this complex question has .commanded the attention  not only of ..physicians, but of laymen, lawyers, clergymen, and statesmen.  Either the desire for alcohol.must be got  rid of or the alcohol itself must be made  unattainable.   To   accomplish   the   first,  appeal  has  been  made! to the enfeebled  will  of the  victim   by  lectures,  pledges,  hpynotic suggestion,   religious   influence  unci the like, often with considerable success.   -And-drugs, too, have been  lauded  by physicians antl a multitude of secret  nostrums  by quacks  to  accomplish   the  same purpose, and also with considerable  success, though not so much through the  merit of being an antidote to the impulse  for drink as by \ b'tue of the support by  faith or suggestion given to the weak will  of the victim.  On the other hand, to make alcohol unattainable, or at least to put it as far as  ���possible out of ��� reach, the hiw has been  invoked-to-regulate liquor selling in general, to prevent its sale to drunkards, to  imprison habitues, or to commit inebriates  to special institutions for a certain period  of time.  While all of these means have, in individual instances, been productive of successful results, the facts remain that no  drug lias been found that is always equal  to destroying the morbid craving, and the  laws tire inadequate as regards the regulation of the liquor traffic and the isolation of the drunkard from the contiguity  of his ruling demon. Sequestration' in a  penitentiary is but for a limited time, and  the writ of habeas corpus has been destructive to the institutions especially  erected for these cases. JMany patients  suffering from inebriety are committed to  insane asylums upon lunacy-certificates,  though not insane, for the simple reason  that it is absolutely necessary to lock  thoni up somewhere, and the lunatic asylum is better than the jail. Hut, after a  few weeks of rest and treatment, they recover from the effects of the debauch, and  not being insane, they can no longer be  detained, and are sent forth to repeat the  same experience. These repealers conic  and go in the asylums with the regularity  of the seasons. The rich go to flic private  asylums and inebriates' homes, but lhe  only refuge for lhe poor is condemnation  to penitentiaries. Some lime ago a woman in England was brought up before  the police court I'or drunkenness for the  two hundred and forty-sixth time! Such  treatment of the morbid crave is, of  course, worse than useless.  When cases of inebriety are brought to  the physician, commitment is as a rule  tlie last resort. The doctor tries moral  suasion on them, occasionally hypnotism,  and always some half-hearted and uncertain treatment by drugs. Not, infrequently he sends them on long sailing  voyages in teetotal vessels, or he puts  them in charge of a companion or nurse.  It is not seldom that some one of these  methods proves curative, but the rule is  that each of these proceedings is generally useless. Then the despairing friends  resort toeharlntnns. who lind in inebriety  cures a vast field for enterprise a ml money  making. The remedies of the quacks arc  actually no different from those in the  hands of honorable practitioners, hut, the  advertising halo, testimonials, and ,-iii of  secrecy thrown around the "euro" gi>. o a  certain advantage to this species of i,r ���al-  ujout not possessed by the open and fiank  methods of the regular physicians, so_ it  must, he confessed thab cases are not infrequently cured by these money-seeking  venders of nostrums. Some ol the advertised inebriety cures are heartless and  cruel swindles. Several years ago the  chemist of (he .Massachusetts state board  of health analyzed some of the so-called  cures for inebriety in order to ascertain  how much alcohol (hey contained, and  published the following analysis as a, re-'  suit:  Scotch Outs Essen.-c         The " Rest' Tonic     .    drier's Plij-u.il Exirtu-L          ilonll.mil's (leriii.in Tonic    ..    ���    .  Hop Tonic .    .  Ilowe s .\r.iliinn Tunic ....  .lac'ssun - (inldcii Seal Tonic  l.iehig l'oin|i.iny'.s Coeoii lierf Tonic  Meiisin,ill's Peptonized Heel' Tonic  I'arkcr'-Tnnic         Selicin'k's SlmucciI'I'onic   Percent Alcohol   :i,-|       7.(l."p  ���w  :.     . " ~J.llM  '.'  .'..'.'..'...'..v.t.-J  .   iii.i;  .    .    Zi:'   Hi.-.   Il.ii    .    111..'!  The -o-callod gold cure of Keeley upon  analysis was found to contain no gold at  all. but in each teaspoonfii! about l'-'fc2 of a  grain nut riate of ammonia. 1-10 of a grain  of aloin. and -I."3 minims of compound tincture of cinchona, liis hypodermic injections were found to consist of strychnia,  ahiopia. and boracic acid. Thus it is seen  that even this much-lauded treatment  makes use of no single drug not years ago  tried all over the world by regular physicians. After till it seems that the ellicacy  of drugs is slight, iu such cases, and the  real secret of success in the treatment of  inebriety is. repeated suggestion. The  family physician is too prone to dismissa.  patient of this kind with some stimulating tonic and friendly advice, whereas he  should make use of the much more powerful effects of mental medicine. That is.  he should supplement his drugs by his  moral influence and by personal contact  with his patient every day. and. indeed,  several times a day. Jtds for this reason  tha t the hypodermic method of treatment  is so valuable. It requires the presence of  tin1, patient at the doctor's ollice two or  three ill.ics daily. The drug injected may  be some strong and useful tonic that in itself will keep lhe patient's craving down  for hours, and help him in his efforts to  keep straight until his next visit to the  physician, if the doctor's personality is  of the right kind, it will stir up the inebriate's ardor to do right, and have the  same beneficial and helpful effect that  hypnotism, faith cure, and signing the  pledge are known to exert in these cases.  The Keeley cure has been one of ihe most  successful of methods, for the reason that  it depends so much upon this powerful  instrument of suggestion. Its very success  has increased its suggestive power. Naturally one rarely hoars of any but the  successes. The innumerable faihfres are  not published to the world. Fortunately  they come under' the observation of physicians who now and then give an account  of them in tiic medical journals. The  writer has had personally under his  charge two patient's who became insane  after taking ; the Keeley cure, one who  killed herself by a Jong debauch, ���'���and another now under treatment for drunkenness." "So'here are four Keeley failures,  and if would, not be diflioult to collect  .large numbers of others.  Hence there are multitudes of victims  of alcohol,and other intoxicants for whom  .no treatment of any kind avails, and for  these there is only one remedy, viz.. the  placing them out of the way of temptation, the putting them somewhere where  the intoxicant is wholly out of reach.  This,'unfortunately, is difficult of accomplishment. It is possible to commit inebriates to homes and'penitentiaries for a  few months. But this is merely temporizing, playing with the besetting sin. The  nervous system anil the heart and other  organs do not return to their normal  equilibrium after prolonged alcoholism  for several years, so that commitment to  an institution is probabl.v of ho value unless it be for a 'period of tit least two  years.  The great drawback of all homes of this  .kind is ..the tedium vitee .from which the.  inmates.'naturally suffer. There is not  sufficient recreation or employment, and  the deadly monotony of the (hilly life becomes in the highest degree irksome.  Under the circumstances it is not an ideal  method, yet it is the only one as yet practicable, and even then only for a fortunate  few of the female sex.  A   TK.MPKIiA.VCK   ISLAND.  In a   recent article upon-this subject in  <i.   medical   journal    the   writer suggests  what he,believes to be an ideal means of  dealing   with   inebriates.    It   would   be a  temperance island, the establishment of a,  little world in which alcohol should have  no place, but in which life with its various  occupations, domestic arrangements, and  amusements should   go  on  exactly as it  docs   in   the   world's  life  every  day.     It  would,  in  fact, be a colonization scheme,  such   as   has   proved  so   extraordinarily  valuable in   the case of epileptics and of  the  insane.    With inebriates it would be  still  more practicable, feasible, and applicable, and could be carried out on a much  more-  extensive'  scale.    The   problem   involved   is merely the exclusion of alcohol  from  till  parts of the colony's affairs.    It  is true that this cou Id not be accomplished  in   any   region   open   to ordinary  traflic,  travel,     and    communication.      Even    a  Chinese wall built around such  a colony  would   fail   to  repel  the invasion of this  particular enemy: alcohol would by some  n.cans,  percolate   through.    Ihit  imagine  some  temperance island, so far removed  from the mainland as not to be accessible  to small  floats, possessed of but one harbor,   amenable to the laws of this country,    the   property  of   a   corporation   of  practical philanthropists, an island where  all   boats and   baggage and  merchandise  would lie rigidly quarantined against the  introduction  of the poison, as  if it were  the comma bacillus of cholera or the horrible microbe of the black death,    (hi this  happy island would be villages with industries, iiiaiiiil'ai'furcs, and arts, and spread  about them innumerable gardens to supply  distant    markets.    Here   would   live  commoners  and   gentry,  all   classes   and  eoudil ions of men. in  business prosperity  and dot nest ie happiness, as in other lands.  Thither the drunkard   would  repair with  his   family,  aud   obtaining  employment,  support himself and them, and lead a life  of tiscfiilnessas if such a thingas inebriety  never existed.    A  majority of inebriates  would  immigrate there of (heir own accord,   but certain  ones  would  doubtless  need to be committed by law I'or three  years. Such commitment, however, would  prove to be no hardship, for the rights of  voting, of citizenship, the solace of society,  the pleasure of following one's trade or  calling and of earning a livelihood, the  felicity of living with one's family, all  would go to make existence not, only tolerable, but blessed. The realization of  such ti project can hardly be characterized  as an "iridescent dream." It is quite  within the bounds of feasibility. A small  additional tax upon spirits and spirit venders would be all sufficient for (he acqisi-  fion of some Nantucket and its consecration to this purpose.  KOIiUS  OP  NO.V-ALCOllOLIl'   INMI'.KI KTV.  Doubtless the indulgence in opium and  its alkaloid, morphine, is increasing. It  is a form of inebriety more diflirtilt perhaps to treat than that of alcohol, but it  is lar from being so widespread and disastrous, and its effects upon the organism  are not so bad. In an opium cater after  death few actual pathological lesions are  discoverable, while in the alcohol inebriate, as already stilled, nearly all of t lie  tissues are visibly and terribly allured.  Opium poisons the higher nervous ecnl crs  in the brain : alcohol, carried by the blood  throughout the body, exorcises ils banc-  eorrosive effects upon every tissue wilh  which it comes in contact. Opium does  not affect the progeny of a man, while  alcohol is lar reaching in its hereditary  devastations. Vet the chances I'or cure  ii re worse in (ho slave to opium and morphine than in the alcohol habitue. The  opium victim is generally irretrievably  ruined, as lar as he personally is concerned, but al any rate his offspring at e  spared a mulliltide of nervous and mental  disorders. Exceptional cases of this  habit, do recover. The only treatment  would be commit incut to an institution  or banishment to Tenipei ance Maud.  In Franco more particularly, but now in  this and other countries, many drinkers  are addicted to the habit of taking their  alcohol in the form of a drink mixed with  wormwood and called absinthe. AVorm-  wood is an intense poison to the nervous  system, readily inducing.- in large doses,  epileptic convulsions. It is a tonic in exceedingly small doses, is intensely bitter,  and of ii greenish hue. Taken habitually  it quickly interferes with digestion, vitiates the iippetite. destroys the norm.-'I  nervous, equilibrium, frequently induces  epilepsy, and altogether more than  doubles the ruinous effects of simple alcohol.  The chloral habit generally has its origin  in a physician's prescription foriiisonuiin.  it is humiliating to say. as do also ( he morphine and cocaine habits, in'asimilar way,  owe their inception 'usually tosidministra-  tion for the relief of pain. Literary and  professional nien are ���more aptto become  the slaves of chloral than the artisan  classes. Hosetti, the 'poet, was a striking  example of the chloral habit and its terrible .effects.' 11 is'.'.not a ....common form of  inebriety, Viii(I is riioreciiriible 'than'most  others..  In this country chloroform and ether  inebriety tire ..very 'rare. Chloroform is  exceedingly dangerous to life, and hence  ether is more frequently taken. In certain parts of Europe, notably Ireland,  ether drinking is 'Widespread.-, for ether  intoxication is cheaper than whisky. One  can get, drunk on etlier for five cents. Or-'  dinary sulphuric ether, such as Is used by  surgeons for amesthesis is the form used.  Ether drinking produces gastritis and till  of its concomitant 'phenomena, such as  nausea, loss of appetite, sleeplessness,  aud burning pain, at the pit of the  stomach. It intoxicates'.very- rapidly,  and the drunkenness iKisses off very  quickly. It is a frequent cause of insanity in Irish asylums.  We are fortunately spared the ravages  of tlie .Indian hemp habit in this country,  for it is one of the greatest rarities' here,  whereas in some of the Oriental countries'  it is very common. For instance, in'Egypt,  although its growth antl importation are  proscribed by the government, hasheesh  joints abounil in Alexandria. Cairo, and  other places, as do opium joints in New  York. The writer visited some of them  in Cairo hot long ago. and "al ?o inspected  the insane asylum at. Cairo, among whose  2-18 inmates were (>���) whose insanity was  due to overindulgence in hasheesh.  Cocaine inebriety is one of the new  forms of habit dating from the recent introduction of this'important drug into  the p.harmacopa'ia. It is in daily use for  the relief of pain, and especially for the  production of local nmesthosia forsurgical  purposes.- and usually the acquisition of  the habit arises from this source. Benili-  cent as the <\ru;j; is to mankind, it can,  like opium, product! endless misery to one  so unfortunate to become its victim. The  relief it gives to pain, the sense of exhilarating, content, and pleasure aroused in  the subject on first taking it, leads to subsequent resort to it for the cares and sorrows of every-day life, iind ere long he becomes its thrall. It has been well termed  a seductive, bewitching', fascinating intoxicant, but it is as dangerous as it is  attractive. It is more speedy than opium  in the ruin that if brings to its slave, and  this ruin is insanity or death.  OTIIIOR   XKW   PORMS  OP  IXKIIRIKTV.  With the discovery and introduction of  new narcotics and anodynes  from month  tonionth.it is not surprising that  novel  forms   of   habit   should   arise.    Souk;  of  these are easily broken, and others, again,  hold    the   victim   fast   in   their shackles.  Sulphomil,   one of   the   newest and   best  hypnotics, has quite misled   chloral  as a  ilriiu; to induce sleep,  and  an   occasional  siilphonal   habitue  is met  with,   but  its  paralyzing effects on the body after long  continuance and the absence of any particular  charm   in   its   effects,   permits of  easy breaking of the slight chains iu which  the patient is hold.    Paraldehyde, a-somewhat older drug, and one often employed  its ;i soporofie. sometimes develops a habit.  It is a disagreeable  <\ru}j; to take, tasting,  if anything, worse   than ether, and   leaving a, very unpleasant odor on the breath.  It is often a difficult habit to check, but it  may be said of it that it does not (.'any so  much   havoc in   its   train   as  sonic other  vices, and sonic patients seem to fatten iu  an   astonishing    manner  upon   it.    There  arc other drugs that are prone to develop  morbid cravings I'or repeated doses when  taken, and doubtless sis new ones are discovered  and brought into general use  in  medicine, new aud curious forms of inebriety will arise. The inebriety fanatics,  as those physicians may be termed who  look upon inebriety as always under all  circumstances a disease, enumerate in  their publications on the subject forms of  inebriety due to gelseniiuin, ginger, stnn-  bul, lavender, capsicum, chlorodyne, and  cider, and some there are who lain would  add lea. coffee, and tobacco to tliis catalogue of dreadful intoxicants: but most  would probably discriminate rather carefully between the vice which is easily  broken and the irresistible craving (hat  must be siitislied at \vha(c\ er cost, be it  disease of body, moral degradation, or  actual loss of mind. F.  |>.  There is a splendid opening at Bear  Lake City lor anyone who will open a  general store. One hundred men are  now employed in 1he mines in lhe immediate vicinity, and the forces will  soon be doubled. Contracts have been  let for hauling ore from ihe Washington  and Dardanelles mines, with headquarters for the packers and teamsters  at Bear Lake City, where the necessary  barns, stables, etc., are being erected.  Hayes & Kane have twenty men making a trail to the Miner Boy mine. The  Lucky Jim is being worked. The silver  question cuts no figure with the Bear  Lake mines. None of" them are idle.  This notice applies only to merchants  who are prepared to carry a full and  complete stock of general merchandise.  Come and investigate for yourself. For  further information address  GORMAN WEST,  or FRANK B. HARPER.  Bear Lake City, B. C.  TO THE  Ef\SJ  and  The Kootenay  Country Is 300  Miles nearer Uie Eastern  States  and Canada via Eon-  ner's   Ferry   than   any   other  route.  U/ESJ  and  SOUgh1  Boat connections are made at  Bonner's Perry with trains  On the  GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY  l''oi- Spokiinu. I'njji'l .Sound. rUonhuiii points. St. I'iinl,  Cliicjigo mid points in Cjinndn unci (hi1 KiiMcrn Status.  I'u ui;c Sloupint,' and Dining cars. Futility Tourist, cars,  Huir'ot-I.ibrary cars, Free Colonist cars daily between St.  I'anl, Bonner's Ferry. Spokane, and Seattle. Tlirnngli  sleepers to (.'liicaK'1-  For furtlier information apply to tlie ollicers of the  boats on the Honner's Ferry run: to I'. Casey, agent,  Great N'orthern Kaihvay, Honnei-'s Ferry, Idaho: II. li.  St. .Folio, general agent. Spokane. Wash.: K. 0. Stevens,  city passenger andtiekut agent. Seattle. Wash.; II. fi.  JIuMiekcn, general agent, 2 King street east, Toronto,  Out.; or F. I. Whitney, general passenger ami ticket,  agent,: St. Paul, Jlinn.  .        (J.  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will contract to supply mining companies and  stmim-  boals with fresh meats, and deliver same at. any mine  or  landing in   the   ICootcnny  Lake country.  NELSON Ofllce and Market, 11 Bast Baker St.  KASLO MARKET, Front Street.  BURNS, McINNES .& CO.  wholesale and retail dealers in stock and dressed  meats, have opened iu lhe Barrett block, West  Baker street, XKI.So.N. and are prepared to  furnish, in any (inutility. Iiecf, pork, mutton,  veal, bacon, and hiiui. at. the lowest possible price  FOR CASH  ONLY.  Orders   Promptly   Filled.  FURNITURE  PIANOS  ORGANS  James Mcdonald & co.  Nelson and Kaslo.  Carry complete lines of Fur-  nil urc. sis well as maiiufacl (in;,  I'vcey grade of Mattresses..  They also carry I'ianos and  Organs.    Undertaking.  ootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  A full stock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles-,  laths, snsli, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry,  clear llr flooring mid ceiling for sale al. lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Aprent.  LOTS FOR SALE IN  ADDITION  "A"  Adjoining the government, t.ownsile of Nelson,  AT $125 and UPWARDS,  with ii rebate for buildings erected.   The best, residential  property in Xelson.    Value sure to increase.  .Apply to  -:-   W. A. JOWETT,   -:-  Mining and  Real  Estate   Broker,  Auctioneer  and Commission Agent,  Agent for  Xelson  and  West Kootenay District, or to,  INNKS & UICIIAIMIS, Vancouver. It. CI.  ���:.&  IlPIIiilii^^ KS&5&  THE  TRIBUNE:   NELSON,  B.C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER  2:i,  1893.  Capital,  Rest,  all paid  up,     -  $12,000,000  6,000,000  Sir  DOXAId) A.  SMITH I'resident,  lion. fiKO.  A.  DRUMMO.VI) Vice-President,  K.  S. (M.OUSTON Genera! Manager  N. W. Cor. Baker and Stanley Streets.        IMtAM'IIKS  IN        LONDON , (England),   NEW YORK    CHICAGO,  and in the principal cities in Canada.  Uuy and sell Slerling  KxdiiuiKu and  (.'able Transfer:-  CKAXT COMMKICI'I.M.  ANIi TIIAVKI.I.HliS' CI! HI UTS,  available in any part of the world.  iniAKTS issckii: rui.mictions jtuii:: i:tc.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  K'ATK OF INTKRKST (at present) !U I'er Cent.  A TALE OF'BEVENGE.  ANK OF  ritish Columbia  t Incorporated by Koyal Charter, 1MJ2.)  Capital (paid up) ��600,000     .       $2,920,000  (Wit,n   power to increase.)  Reserve Fund   -   ��260,000    .       $1,265,333  N-ELSON    BEANCH,  Cor. Maker and Stanley Sts.  (CAXAI)A ��� Victoria,    Vancouver.    Xew  Ppirolin'o I        Wesl minster, Nanaimo. and Kamloojis  ill dllbllLiO"| UNITF.I) STATKS-San   Francisco,  Port-  Ill'  CANADA-  land, Tacoma, and Seattle.  ���IAD   OKFfCK:   lid   Lombard street.   LONDON,  Agents and Correspondents  Knu  A little more and Jean Hastenux would  lia.vo been a ijiaiil. liriLLany men are  small asa rule. bill..lean was an exception.  lie was a powerful youn^ fellow who. up  to the time he was compelled to enter tlie  army, had spent his life in dra^gintf heavy  nets over the side of a, boat. He knew  the Brittany coast, ru^.iced and indented  as it is, as well as he knew the road from  tlie little cafe on the square to the dwelling of hi.s father on the hillside overlooking tin; sea. Never before had he been  out. of sound of waves, lie was a man  who. like llarve Kiel, initrht have saved  the fleet: but Krnnce. with the usual {,'ood  sense of officialism, sent this man of the  const into the mountains, and .lean Kas-  letuix became a soldier of the Alpine  corps. If he stood on the highest mountain peak .lean might look over illimitable  wastes of snow, but he could catch neither  sound nor sight of the sea.  .Men who mix with mountains become  iis rough and rugged ns the rocks, and the  Alpine corps was a wild body, harsh and  brutal. Punishment, in the ranks was  swift and terrible, for the corps was situated far from any of the civilizing things  of modern life, and deeds were done which  the world knewuotof: deeds which would  not have been approved if reported at  headquarters.  The regiment of which .lean became a  unit was stationed in a high valley that  had but one outlet, a wild pass down  which a mountain river roared and foamed  and tossed. The narrow path by the side  of this stream was the only way out of or  into the valley, for all around the little  plateau was walled in by immense peaks  of everlasting snow, da/./.ling in the sunlight-, and luminous even in the still, dark  nights. From the peaks to the south  Italy might have been seen, but no man  had" ever dared to climb any of them.  The angry little river was fed from a  glacier wlio.se blue breast lay sparkling in  the sunshine to the south, and the stream  circumnavigated the little plateau, as if  trying to find tin outlet for its tossing  waters.  .lean was terrible lonely in these dreary  and unaccustomed solitudes. The white  mountains awed him. and the mad roar  of the river seemed but poor compensation .for the dignified ;uid measured thunder ol' the waves on the broad sands of  the Brittany coast.  But .lean was a good-natured giant, and  he strove to do whatever was required of  him. lit) was not quick at repartee, and  the men mocked his Breton dialect. He  became the bull, for all their small and  often mean .jokes, and from the first, he  was very miserable, for, added to his  ���yearning for the sett, whose steady roar  he beard in his dreams at night, he felt  the utter lack of all human sympathy.  At lirst Jie endeavored by unfailing good  nature and prompt obedience to win the  regard of his fellows, and he became in a  measure the slave of the regiment; but  the more he tried to please the more his  burden increased, and the greater were  the insults he was compelled to bear from  both ofliccrs and men. It was so easy to  bully this giant, whom they nicknamed  Samson, that even thesmnllest men in 1 he  regiment felt at liberty to swear at him  or cuff him if necessary.  But at lastSnnison'sgood nature seemed  to be wearing out. His stuck was becoming exhausted, and his comrades forgot  that the Bretons for hundreds of years  have been successful lighters, and that  the blood of contention flows in their  veins.  Although the Alpine corps, as a general  thing, contains the largest and strongest  men in the French army, yet the average  French soldier may be termed undersi/.ed  when compared with the military of either  lOngland or Ucrmany. There were sever.il  physically small men in the regiment, and  one of these, like a diminutive gnat, was  Samson's worst persecutor. As there was  no other man iu the regiment whom the  gnat could bully. Samson received more  than even he could be expected to bear.  One day the gnat ordered Stunson to bring  him a pail of water from the stream, and  the big fellow unhesitatingly obeyed. He  spilled some of it coming up the bank,  and -when he delivered it to the little man  the latter abused him for not bringing  tlie pail full, and as several of the larger  soldiers who had all in their turn made  Samson miserable were standing about,  the little niiin picked up the pail of water  and dashed it into Samson's face. It was  such a good oppoitunity for showing off  before the big men. who removed their  pipes from their mouths and laughed  loudly as Samson with his knuckles tried  to take the water out of his eyes. Then  Samson did an astonishing thing.  " You miserable, little, insignificant rat,"  he cried.    "J could crush you. but you are  Merchants' Hank ol'Canadii and branches;  Canadian Hank of Commerce and branches;  Imperial Hank of Canada and branches;  MnNon's Hank and branches;  Hank of Nova Scolia and branches.  UNITKD   STATICS--Agents   Canadian   Hank  of   Commerce.   New  York;   Hank  of Nova Scotia,  'Chicago; Traders' National Hank, Spokane.  SAVINGS    DEPARTMENT.  Deposits  received   from  si   and upwards and   interest  allowed (present, rate) at iij per cent per annum.  NoU Inly 17th. IOT.    ORANdK V. HOLT, Agenl.  not worth it. But to show you that 1 am  not afraid of any of you. there, and  there!"  As he said these two words with emphasis. Iu; struck out from the shoulder, not  at the little man. but at the two biggest  men iu the regiment, and felled them like  logs.  A cry of rage went up from their comrades, but bullies are cowards at heart,  and while Samson glared at them no one  made a move.  The matter wti.s reported to the officer  and Stunson was placed under arrest.  When the inquiry was held, the officer  expressed his astonishment at the fact  that Samson had hit two men who had  nothing lo do with the insult he had received, while the real culprit had been  allowed logo unpunished.  "They deserved it," said Samson sullenly, "for what they had done before. I  could not. strike the iittle man. I should  have killed him."  "Silence!" cried the oflicer. "You must  not answer me like that."  "1 shall answer you as I like," said Samson doggedly.  The oflicer sprang to his feet with a.  little rattan cane in his hand, and struck  the insubordinate soldier twice across the  face, each time leavingan angry rod mark.  Before the guards had time to interfere.  Stunson sprang upon the oflicer. lifted him  like a child above his head, and dashed  him wilh a sickening crash to the ground,  whoie ho lay motionless.  A cry of honor wont up from everyone.  "I have had enough." cried Samson,  turning to go, but. he 'was met by a, bristling hedge of steel. Ho was like a rat in a  trap, lie stood defiantly there, it man  maddened by oppression, and glared  around him helplessly.  Whatever might have been his punishment for striking his comrades, there was  no doubt now about his fate. The guardhouse was tt rude hut of logs situated on  the banks ol' the roaring stream. Into  this room Sainton was Hung, bound hand  and foot, lo await the court-martial next  day. The shattered officer, whose sword  had broken iu pieces under him, slowly  revived, and was carried to hi.s quarters.  A sentry inarched up and down all night  before the gliardhouse.  In the morning''.when Samson was sent  for, the guardhouse was found to be  empty. The huge Breton had broken his  bonds as did Stunson of old. He had  pushed out a log of wood from the wall  aud had squeezed himself through to the  bank of tlie'strcain. There till trace of  him was lost. If he had fallen in. then,  of course, he had .sentenced and executed  himself, but in the mud near the water  wore, great "footprints, which no boot but  that of Stunson could have made; so if he  were in the stream it must have been because he threw himself there. The trend  of the footprints, however; indicated that  he had climbed on the rocks, and there, of  course, it was impossible to trace him.  The .sentries who guarded the pass maintained that no one had gone through during the night, but to make sure several  men were sent down tin; path to overtake  the runaway. Kvoirii he reached a town  or a village far below, so huge a man  could not escape notice. The searchers  wore instructed to telegraph his description and liiscrinie sis soon as they reached  a telegraph wire. It was impossible to  hide in the valley, and a rapid search  speedily convinced the ofliccrs that the  delinquent was not there.  As the stin rose higher and higher, until  it began to shine even on the northward  facing snow fields, a sharp-eyed private  reported that be saw a black speck moving high upon the groat white slope south  of the'valley. The officer called for a field  glass, tuid placing it to his eyes, examined  the snow carefully.  "(.'allotita detachment," he said, "that  is Stunson on the mountain."  There was a groat stir in the camp  when the truth became known. Kniissar-  ies were sent after the searchers down the  pass, calling them to return.  "lie-thinks to gel to Italy." said the oflicer. "I did not imagine tho fool know  so much of geography. We have him  now secure enough."  The oflicer who had been Hung over  Samson's head was now able to hobble  about, and he was exceedingly bitter.  Shading his eyes and gazing at the snow,  he said :  "A good marksman ought to bit a bio to  bring him down."  "There is no need of that," replied his  superior. "He cannot escape. We have  nothing to do but wait for him. Ho will  have to come down."  All of which was perfectly true.  A detachment crossed the stream and  stacked its arms at tho foot of tho mountain which Sampson was drying to climb.  There was a small level place a few yards  wide- between the bottom of the hill and  the bank of the raging stream. On this  bit of level ground the soldiers lay in the  sun and smoked, while the oflieers stood  in a group and watched tho climbing man  going steadily upward.  For a short distance up from the plateau  there was stunted grass and  moss,  with  dark points of roc k protruding from the  ���icant soil. Above that agttin was a  breadtli of dirty snow, which now that  the sun was strong, sent little trickling  streams clown to the river. From there  to the long ridge of the mountain extended upward the vast smooth slope of  virgin, pure and wlrte. sparkling in the  stroiigsunlight. as if it had been sprinkled  with diamond dust. A black speck against  the tremendousTiold of white, the giant  struggled on, and they could see by tho  glass that he stink to the knees in the  softening snow.  "Xow," stiid the oflicer. "he is beginning  to understand his situation."  Through the glass they saw Samson  pause. From below it seemed as if the  snow were as smooth as a sloping roof,  but oven to the naked eye a shadow  crossed it near tho (op. That shadow was  a tremendous ridge of overhanging snow  moroHum Hit) feet deep, and Samson now  paused as ho realized that it was insur-  mouuta bio. Ho looked down and undoubtedly saw a part of the regiment waiting  for him below. Ho turned and plodded  slowly under the. overhanging ridge until  ho came to the precipice at his left. It  was 1000 J'eet sheer down. He retraced  hi.s stops and walked to the similar precipice at the right. Then ho came again to  the middle of the great T which his footmarks Intel made* on that virgin slope.  He sat down in the snow.  Xo one will ever know what a moment  of despair the Breton must have passed  through when he realized tho hopelessness  of his toil.  The oflicer who was gazing through the  glass at him dropped his hand to his side  and laughed.  "The nature of his situation." be said,  "IniSat last dawned upon him. It took tb  long time to got tin appreciation of it  through his thick Breton skull."  "Let mo have tho glass a. moment." said  another, "he has made up his mind about  something."  Tho officer did not realize the full significance of what ho sttw through the glass.  In spite of their conceit their skulls wore  thicker than that of tho persecuted Breton  fisherman. Samson lor a moment turned  his face to tho north and raised his hands  toward heaven. Whether it was tin np-  peal to the saints he believed in or an invocation to thedistant ocean he was never  more to look  upon, who can tell?  After a moment's pause ho flung hi in-  down the slope towards the seel ion of the  regiment which lounged on the bank of  the river. Over and over he rolled, and  then in place of a black figure there came  downwards a white ball, gathering bulk  at every bound.  It was several seconds before the significance oi' what they wore gazing til-  burst upon oflieers and men. Itcnnicupon  thoni simultaneously and with tt wild  panic: of fear. Iu the still air a low sullen  roar arose.  The men and officers wet o hemmed in  by the boiling torrent. Some of them  plunged in to get to the other side, but  the moment the water laid hold of them  their heels were whirled into the air antl  they disappeared helplessly down tho  rapids.  Samson was hours going up the mountain, but only seconds in coining down.  There was one mingled shriek which  made itself heard through the sullen roar  of the snow, then all was silence. The  hoininod-iu waters rose high and soon  forced their way. through the white  ���barrier/'  When the remainder of the regiment  dug out from tho debris the the bodies of  their comrades they found a. fixed look of  the wildest terror on every face except  one. Samson himself, without tin unbroken bone iu hi.s body, slept as calmly  as if he rested under the blue waters on  the coast of Brittany.  Bad Luck in an Opal.  Some years ago a man named Beard,  who was one of the wealthiest residents,  of Houston, Texas,-and who still resides  in that city, wtis traveling on horseback  from-San Antonio to Austin. In his saddle biigs he Intel a supply of provisions,  liquor, 'etc., the usual commissary supplies incident to horseback journeys. A  few miles from Austin he rode up to a  tree under which lay a stranger sick almost unto death. He asked Mr. Beard  for assistance, and was given some provisions and a generous dritught of whisky,  the follow was suffering with tt raging  fever and realized the necessity of getting  to where he could have proper medical  attention. He asked Mr. Board if he  could spare him it few dollars, tit the same  time drawing from his linger a heavy  gold ring set with a magnificent opal  which shot forth flashes of red. blue, and  golden light as the stone was moved. Mr.  Beard took the ring, giving the man $���'!.  which was about half of the change ho  had with him, promising to call on the  man in the hospital in Austin, where he  hoped to hear from friends, and would  redeem it.  Some two or three days later he went to  the hospital and found his man still very  ill. but he Pad failed to receive the expected remittance. After chart ing with  him a while he took his departure. When  lie visited the hospital next day he found  tin? man was dead, lie returned to lions- i  ton, forgetting till about the ring, except ;  as lie happened to notice it. The second i  day after his return he lost a lawsuit involving $N().00(). From this tiineon every- :  thing he touched proved unlucky. One .  day he was in Austin, gloomily meditat- ;  ingovor hi.s ill-luck, when his eye chanced  to fall upon the opal, which hoswears was ;  enduing a yellowish-green light, and j  seemed to mock at', him. Like a Hash the  story of the opal, and the ill-luck llml attached to a possessor, came into his mind, j  and drawing the ring from his linger he j  started for the Colorado river, intending :  to throw it in the slrenui. On his way he :  met a friend, the sheriff of the county, to '<  whom he coininiinicatod his intentions.  The officer said it was a shame lo t hrow  away such a magnificent gem. mid begged  that ho might ha ve it instead. The opal  changed ownership right there, and three  days afterward the sheriff was shot alid  killed. The opal then passed into tho  hands of a lawyer, who was thereupon i  unfortunate until he died, and   the   ring j  went into the hands of the fifth man. who  soon went crazy. From this time Mr.  Beard lost all trace of tho.opal, after following its history through the hands of  five different men. all of whom met with  misfortune as soon as the gem came into  their possession.  MINING   "WITH   A   STEAMBOAT.  Gold Raised at the Rate of $100 a Cay Prom  the Bed of a River.  Extravagant stories tiro told about the  wealth of gold sprinkled throughout the  Snake Hiver country in Idaho.    As agon-  oral  thing tho gold   is very fine,  the particles being of so light weight  as to   bo  elusive.    Stive   when   worked   on   a  largo  scale it. is difficult to make good  wages  in  recovering    the   gold.      Numerous    bars  along  the  river   would   prove profitable  could water bo commanded forsluicing or  hydraiilicing.   An adequate supply is hard  to obtain, on  account of the slight and  gradual  fall of the stream and the level  character of tho outlying hinds.    To overcome this hick  of water as well as insure  sufficient dumping ground, a big llotiling,  gold-saving dredge has boon constructed  and is now at work on the Idaho bank of  the  Snake  river  about  ten   miles .above  J'ay otto.  It is a storn-whoel flat-boat propelled by  steam. Substantially constructed. On feet  long and 22 feet wide, it is equipped with  a So-horse power marine; engine and boiler  and adapted in every way for navigating  Idaho's great waterway. With a slight  alteration it could bo transformed into a  steam dredge and used to scoop up sand  and gravel from the bottom of tho stream.  That litis never been attempted. As in  the past, operations tire now confined to  working biirs out of I he bed or channel of  tho river. The method pursued is to  anchor alongside one of those gravel deposits and Liy the use of scrapers bring  the material' to bo handled within the  reach of tliegold-washingmachinery with  which the craft is rigged. The gravel is  scooped ii]) by buckets attached to tin  endless chain." There tiro forty-eight of  those receptacles on a bolt sixty feet in  length, and each has a capacity of about  twenty pounds of dirt, which is delivered  into a hopper. This is also an agitator,  and the process employed may be described as ;i steam rocker, with the exception that it has an end motion instead of  one sidowise. Tho gold is caught on copper plates with quicksilver. The tailings  are carried on in sluice boxes by the force  of a stream of witter of loO miners inches,  supplied by a China pump, run by tho  engine which drives till the other machinery. Tho gravel is worked so thoroughly  that no gold escapes in tho tailings that  are dumped into the river. An average  of 100 tons of'gravel are daily handled,  and for this work throe men are employed���an engineer, one to work the  scraper, and another one who shovels the  dirt into a pile so that the buckets can  scoop up a full load.  Tho biir now being worked covers an  area often to fifteen acres. Thegold is on  top or close to the surface and will not  pay to handle to it greater depth than one  foot to eighteen inches. This shows a  value of 11 to :J cents a pan. A clean-up  is made every night, antl.'the .'average of  tho runs for the first three days was very  satisfactory to Thornton Williams, the  owner of the craft. J1 e says ho expects to  take out upward of $100 a day as long as  he works, which. will'be until cold weather  sets in. When he has gone over the bar  which now engages his attention ho will  tac'cle another.  THE  (Patents applied for in Canada and U.S.)  i: HEAVIEST  ii  || SECTION  ;;       170  ������ i  '! POUNDS.  Can be set up by two men in  two days and taken apart  by one man in ten hours.  Specially constructed lor  packing" over mountain  trails.  Thoroughly Tested Before Leaving Shop.  Km- prices, eli-.. apply to  Kaslo, B. C,  or The Kootenay & Columbia P. & M. Co.,  Hell Telephone  Hiiililint,',  Ollawii. 'Ontario.  Slocan Trading & Navigation Company, Ltd.  (Notary   Public)  AND  ESTATE  ILVER KING  HOTEL  John Johnson, Proprietor  Extensive  Improvements  Now Completed.  AUCTIONEER and COMMISSION AGENT    ItKI'I'.KSKN'TINC    The Confederation 1,'ifc Association,  Tliel'lio'iiix l-'irc Insurance Company.  Thu I'rovident Fund .Accident. Company:  ALSO,  Tho Sandy Crol'l. Foundry Company, near Chester, Filmland, makers of all kinds of mining machinery, air  compressor;-, rock hreakers, stamps, etc.  Jowett Building, Victoria Street,  isTEZLSonsr., b. c.  1  All Rooms  Refitted and  Refurnished  FINEST WINES,   LIQUORS, AND  CIGARS IN  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  Special Attention to Miners.  That New Denver is the coming town in inland British  Columbia is beyond question,  and it is the only town in  the Province in which speculators have a chance to operate. The following are  bargains:  The north half of lot 8 bloek 5 (25 feet  frontage), $450, $300 cash, balance in  six months; no back payment to the  government. Lot 9 bloek 12 (50 feet  frontage), $600, $326 cash, the balance  to the government. Lot 7 block 14 [50  feet frontage], $600, $520 cash, the  balance to the government.  John Houston & Co.  NKLHON.  or D. B BOGLE, New Denver.  elson Hotel  Dining'-Room  is now under the iiianiiKe.'iient of  J"0BUST IF_ G-IZiL  (lately steward on the steamer Nelson).  From this lime on an cllbrt will lie made to make the  Nelson a resort I'or 'business and mining men. as everything obtainable in season will lie procured.  Hates���.Single meals. :">(( cents: day board, S-S a week.  Boys, Give "Jack" a Call.  JOHN F. WARD!FRONT STREET  MANAGER,    j   KASLO, B. C.  The Very BEST OF Everything.  "WTeland  HOTEL  Front Street, Near the Steamboat Landing,  KASLO, B. C.  Devlin & McKay, Props.  .TIIK HKST criSIN'K.       TIIK HKST HK1IS.  TIIK HK.HT (IF KVKKVTIIINC.  HE PALACE  HOTEL  Corner   Front  and   Fourth   Streets,  KASLO,   B. C.  (-1 -���������'?.' >���-< * ::.i'A'l.!i-i'.-. i. r .: tSiV^-.l  ''^ji=^W'*':��^"-'::;:2E---  The company's A I  pn-..-cii^ci- and freight -!earner  W.  HUNTER  (I. I..  KSTAIIIMIOK Ma-ler  I.MAVKS  NKW   liKNVKI!  daily  for   Mlverlnn   I Four  Mill- ('ityl end head of .Slocan lake, ret nriiiiiK I" New  deliver liv li I'. M.  Flllt KATKS applv on hoard.  W. i:. .Mi'KINNON, Hccrclnry.  .1 me. L'l-I. IK!��. Sil Vcrlim. H. (,'.  MAHONEY & LUNDBURG  PROPRIETORS..  rand Central  HOTEL  Corner   Front  and   Fourth   Streets,  KASLO,   B. C.  A. & J. Fletcher, Props.  ACCOMMODATIONS   FIRST-CLASS.  SliiKc leave- Craiiil Cenlrnl for SS'al.-on.   Ili-iir bake ('ity, j  , Three Fork-.  Xew  I lens er and all point-in  t he  Ka-lo-locan district.  NOTICE.  The ninlrr-i:,'iicil hereby U'lve.- notice tbiil I will not  be ic-pon-ihie for lhe pajinenl of debts colli rncled by  Kute .May or any ol lie.- per-nn nnlesr -in-li ileitis were, or  are, i.-ontrncled iiy orders lieuritiK my sitfiinnii-e.  T, H. M A V.  Xelson, it. ('.. October'3H|h, |��i:i.  UOOMS FIK.ST-OI.AS.S. KATKS MODKRATK.  HE MADDEN  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  THE TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE  BAR  I.S SUI'I'l.IKI) WITH  TIIK  HKST HRANDS OK ALL  KINDS OF WINKS, LIQUORS, AND CIGARS.  Special Attention to Miners.  OOTENAY  Situate on Vernon  Street, Near Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  Its Guests can Obtain  Splendid Views  ol' Both the  Mountains and River.  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  THE ROOMS        THE TABLE  ARK CONVKNIKNT AND   IS   TIIK   HKST   IX   TIIK  CO.MFORTA1S1.K. j MOUNTAINS.  Special  Attention to Miners.  THE BAR IS FIRST-CLASS.  International  HOTEL  Corner  of  West Vernon  and   Stanley Streets  NELSON,   B. C.  First-Class in Everything".  THE INTERNATIONAL has a Comfortably Furnished Parlor for  Ladies, and the Rooms are Furnished Newly Throughout.  THE TABLE is not Surpassed by  any Other Hotel in the Kootenay  Lake Country, Being- Supplied  with the Best of Everything-.  JAS. DAWSON & B. CRADD0CK,  PROPRIETORS.  THE BAR  Ih Stocked  with Choice Imported aiul Douios-  '    tic Wines. Liquors and  CiKars.  HEGRAND  HOTEL  HANSEN & BLOOMBERG  Proprietors.  TIIK    CI.OSF.ST    IIOTKI.   TIIK HAD (Wlilil KS TIIK  ill Nrl-nN In   lint Slriilll-i Hi'.-I   RlMMlN  of   l.ii;llli|->  Imi.K   l.iiniliiiK. 1 s��i<cI Cigars.  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  I.suiKMtf thr lutsl lintrls in Toiul  Miiuiitiiiii district, und  is the Iiuii(li|iiai-tci-s for prospector* mill  working   miners.  MALONE    &   TREGILLUS,   Props.  $  ���:fr:����i^  MMJMiMMMJllBMSWUM.M��i��M^ THIS    WEEK'S    NEW    ADVERTISEMENTS.  TRIBUTE:   KELSON,  B.C., TITUR8D  " Hunt & Dover, Nel-on- Notice of dissolution of copartner-hip.  K. K. Phair, NeKon -Hotel Pli.iir.  R. F. Perry, Fi\e-inile Point- Notice of .ipplii-at ion for  'liquor license.  II. M. (Joodlnie, Waneta ��� Notice of shareholder'-.  inectiiiK. _  LOCAL   NEWS    AND   GOSSIP.  Northport News Kith: "Judge \V. M.  Xewton of Say ward ha-, taken a much-needed rest and \ a-  cation from the conlininu' .mil ir\ 1111? ilulir-. Willi w Inch  ' hi; luis been chargediliirinKt he p.i-t year. In hi-ah-eiice  colonel Frank H nndiiicin, noting ni.i.x or. chief of police,  city IreaMirer, chief ol tiie depai tnient, city clerk, street  commissioner, and auditor, will act ii- poliee judge. The  colonel,, with his nuui fold duties a* manager of the Hotel  .Midway lJlnisiuicc and |uy-ina-tcr of lhe N'eKon & Fort  Siicparil railroad, s| ill hud-, time to ciileitain his friends  m the various athletic sport* for which Snjw.iril is so  famous, such us hase b,ill. jack puis. lacio���c .-even up.  cricket, tabic slakes, polo, -.eiiueuce. etc."  A fine par.soiiitge building is in course ol"  creel ion nt Kiislu for Kcv. Mr. Hall of the .Methodist  '.church.  A valuable astrakhan coat belonging Lo  Mrs. II. Oio^cricli of Ainsworth was stolen from flu: Nelson on .Sunday night when that sic.iincr was lying at the  wharf at Kaslo. Mrs. Uiegcrich was on hor way to  IJciinsylvaiiia, where she will spend the winter.  Rev. 1). .\I. .Martin and wife arrived in  J-Ca.slo Ironi their eastern trip on Sunday e\eniug.  A well-known business man of Kaslo  would have been married on Monday night l.i-l to one of  the niosi charming of Kaslo's many charming girls had  he only procured a' marriage license. He thought the  document was not necessary, but flic clergyman called in  thought it was.   The marriage will come otl'laferou.  Tlie  Revelstoke .Star says that W.  F.  Tcctzel and If. Selous and (,'. K. Perry, all of Nelson, are  likely to he candidates for member from West Ruotcnay  at the next election. The Star has "inside" information,  no doubt.  Tlie firemen's- ball tit Kaslo will be tit-  tended by about a dozen couple: from Nelson.  "Bob" Green  returned from 'Winnipeg  on Monday and nas.-cd on through to ICaslo on Tuesday.  When lie arrived there he found that, ihe acting mayor  and the city council hadbeen in continuous session for  forty-eight hours considering "A Ry-I.aw for the Regulation of Resorts nol .Sanctioned by (.!ond Society."  II. II. J.'ifcts, postmaster at Three Forks,  is iu Nelson purchasing goods for his general store. He  fays the ICaslo road has a line lioll.uai. and all that is now  needed to make transportation easy is a good fall of snow.  The jewelry firm of Hunt it Dover'has  dissolved, (ieorge C. Hunt, withdrawing. The business  will be continued hy Jacob Dover. Mr. Hunt left Nelson  today for the cast, and will probably reside at Rochester,  New York, hereafter.  Dr. and JMrs. llendryx will leave Pilot-  Hay next week for Los Angeles-, California, where fhev  will spend the winter.  Archibald Cameron, who .superintended  the building of the wagon road from Watson to New  Denver, is in Nelson on his'way out lo Victoria, where  he lives during the winter mouths. Air. Cameron is one  of the best men in-the government's-employ, ami any  work entrusted to him is well and economically done.  JIc has built more roads and trails than any other man  in the province.  "Jim" Bowes is down .from  Silverton.  He reports that place quiet, and likely to remain so until  spring, on account of lack of accommodations and supplies at the mines that changed hands late in the fall.  Silver, GUA-cents; lead. fyiMZ.  talis, whic-li i.-> lhe L>(  for dropsy pending 011  inslead of killing lie1  stored him to health.  -t possible remedy  heart disease.    So.  husband,  she   re-  Beyoncl the Grave.  Jteyond the gravel   And then.'.  Well, no one. knows. ..''���'.  Nor, since the world lirst. swung iu space  Can the minds of men this mystery trace.  And liml a'haven of repose       ' ..  Whore souls may till the want there is  lii life.    It shpws  That yet somewhere, the race  Of beings, whom gravitation binds  To motiier earth, shall iind tlie fount:  Whence life eternal Hows:  When having broken'here the thread,  Of this .planet's power o'er if.  Jty cessation of the vital tide .   ���"'      ;  Tiie tiling which we call'soul , .'  Shall free, within t.l-.c sphere    "''���.-  Of new attractions be. . ,  And straight depart, lo Iind '���'  Another slate, where all revealed.shall be,  As Holy .Scriptures tell.    Or innvhap.     ��� .;  Not hi-oke the spell  ' Hut yet, another stage  Of being begins, and memory gone, .  This world's wish is not sulislied.  Or. is this vital force eternal,  Its essence, taking its abode.  . Regenerated hy ethereal space,  Iu creature life of other spheres  And still inihuiiigthc being with its nature;  .So working mutter info life, .  .And making worlds swing  Hy its perpetual motion .' '  And is the word creation hut'a word,  Moulded hy the mind thus clogged with mutter.  And so, part satisfying the annual sense  In its ambition toward the further goal r -  CHEMIST  AND  ��\.  s  A large and complete slock of the.lending lines of  Cor. Baker anil  Josephine  Streets,  Nelson; B. C.  Bamboozling Grandma.,  An Unstable Boundary Line.  " \roti have heard of smuggling:. I presume." remarked a guest at a Boston  hotel recently. "'Well," lie continued,  "f ra-11 against the most stupendous  scheme in that line last .summer I ever  heard of. You tire doubtless aware that  ordinary every day smugglers are content  to transport their goods over the line from  one country lo another, tho object being,  of course, to. evade the payment of tlie  customs duties. The people with whom I  came in contact were superior to such  common methods, which might do for low  pirates and outlawed brigands, but not  for a live, wideawake Yankee, and .especially a Canadian Vankee. They didn't  move the goods.   They moved the line.  "'L'p in   the furthest  easterly part of  .Maine  there comes a place where Maine  stops and  New.Brunswick begins.    Tlnit  is  the  boundary   line   between  the  two  countries.    That is also  where the Canadian Y'ankees spoken of have their homes.  They tire naturally given to farming,some  of these people, and even if McKinley-did  put u duty-on grain, poultry, and other  things, it didn't make tiny difference with  some of the.sturdy yeomen who livealong-  side the line.   The publication of the news  of  the passage of  the  tariff   bill  didn't  cause them tt moment's uneasiness.    They  simply  went on   raising  their  Canadian  wheat and- their Canadian oats.    At the  sa.ine   time they  kept  their eyes on   the  boundary line���what they couid see of it.  The  visible  portion  of   "this  remarkable  boundary consisted of upright iron posts,  set at intervals of one mile through  the  land.    Not   being clinched  on   the other  side of the earth, these posts are responsive to influences placed on  them on the  Canadian side.    Jn other words, they .can  be taken up and reset.  "About the, time these honest and upright farmers over the line have their  crops in condition to harvest a peculiar  thing happens. Some dark night a half-  dozen of them go coon hunting, and when  they return to their liresides they are on  American soil, they and their grounds,  and with them the crops. The boundary  Ji 11c has moved and is located a half mile  or so further toward the Art-tic ocean.  These guileless tillers of the soil then dispose of their products at l'nited States  prices, and some time during the winter,  in some unknown manner, the boundary  line takes a backward leap, leaving them  again on Canadian soil."  "There never was a grandma half so good!"  ^Ile whispered while'Reside her.chair he stood,  And laid his rosy cheek.  Willi manner very meek.  Against her dear old face in loving mood.  ���'There never was 11 nicer grandma born:  I know some little hoys must be forlorn,  Recause they've none like you  I  wonder what I'd do  Without a. grandmas kisses night and morn.'"  '���There never was a dearer grandma, there!"  He kissed her, and he smoothed  her snow-white hair;  Then lixed her rallied cap.  And nestled in her hip.  While grandma, smiling, rocked her old armchair.'  "When I'm 11 'man what things to you I'll bring;  A horse and carriage and a watch and ring.  All grandmas arc so nice  (Just here he'kissed  her twice)  And grandmas give a good boy everything."  Refore his dear old grandma could reply  This boy looked up. and wiUi a roguish eye,  Then whispered in hor ear  That nobody might hear:  "Say, grandma, have you any 'more mince pie.'"  Never in Harmony But Once.  "Mow are you and your wifecomingon?  Do you cpi.trrel as much its ever?" asked a  mutual friend of a Texas husband.  "Just a bout the same."  '"Tell me, candidly, did you and your  wife ever agree about anything? \Vere  yuirever a unit on .'.any subject?  " Yes once."  ���'When was that?"  "About three years ago the house  caught lire, and we were unanimous on  getting out of the house as soon as possible,- btit we have never harinom/.ed  since."    A Solid Institution.  The Bank of Montreal litis issued its  half yearly .statement for the six months  ending October olst. The profits for the  six mouths were; ftO-'J.l.OIO, or a little over  ;").} per cent on the bank's capital stock of  $1^,000.000. The statement is . better'by .  'fill' than the one for the.same time last  year. The bank has a branch at Nelson,  hence the good showing-.  Central Ollice  oi' the  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description  A large and complete .slock of  WALL PAPER  You Want to Save Money  You can do so by purchasing- your  supplies from us.  We pay eash for everything- which  enables us to sell at lowest rates.  Hudsons' Bay  Company.  Baker Street, Nelson.  AGENTS FOR.Hiram Walker & Sons, Distillers, Walkerville, Ontario, and Fort  Garry Flour Mills, Manitoba.  ^ism^^^^^m^  Complete stocks of all lines  of general merchandise (except  hardware) can be found at G-. A,  BIQELGW & CO.'S, East Baker  Street, NELSON. Liquors and  cigars at wholesale only. Agents for Anheuser-  Busch (St. Louis) beer, the best made in America.  In anticipation of the increased demand fop goods that will follow the  opening* up of the famous Silver Xing' mine, and having implicit faith in  the future prosperity of Kootenay in g'eneral, and of Nelson in particular,  we have been steadily increasing our stock, and have at present the most  complete assortment of g'eneral merchandise in the interior of British  Columbia.    Call and see us and compare prices.  DRY GOODS  IN  DEPARTMENT.  Just  of Fal.'  received  a  and Winter  consignment  ings and Trouserings, also Wors-  Scotch Suit-  ib'  ted Overcoatings.  IF1.   J~_   SQTTTIRIEl  Corner Ward und linker Streets.  BOOKS  stjltio]>te]b"y"  m:usic .  _A_Hn"X3  IsTOVELTIES  OF WEST KOOTENAY.  Showing- the Mining- Camps of Kaslo, Slocan, Nelson, Ainsworth, Trail  Creek, and Lapdeau,  m  "0  ni  wtpp  IDI  OK KKTTLK  KALI.S. STKVKN."  WASHINGTON.  udlioju  OOi'NTY.  Book Form, $2.50; Hulf-moiinted, $3; Full-mounted, $4.  2 HoustoD bloe^   tf'  sop  TIIK I'KK.SHVTKl.-IAN SCHOOL OK  WASHINGTON.  K.A.STKKX  OPEN TO  BOTH SEXES.  HOTEL PHAIR.  The dininif-rooin of trhe Hotel I'li.-iir is closed I'or lhe  winter, but Uie rooms will lie kept open for the accommodation of I.Ik; traveling imhlie. The rooms lire thencst  furnished in Kooiouny, und jire heated wilh stove.-..  Kiu.es. one dollar a day. Ominous to ami from all trains  and steamboats. The bar and billiard rooms will also he  Kept open. K.  K. I'llA IK, .Manager.  Nelson  November :>i)th. IStt.  Oilers complete f'lassieal, Seienlilie. anil Literary Aea-  (lemie courses; also Norma! and Coniinereiai courses,  ineludine; Short hand. Typewriting, and llookkeoping.  Special atlenlion yivun to Music and Painting.  OlOtflM,  fipy  IF'IROIsrT  STBBET  poeenes  Goods,  IKI^-STLO-  re, Iron and Steel.  MINING   COMPANIES,  MINERS,  AND   PROSPECTORS   FURNISHED   WITH   SUPPLIES.  DISSOLUTION   OF   COPARTNERSHIP.  The copartnership heretofore exist ing between (Ieorge  C. Hunt and JaeoU Mover, doing business al, .Nelson,  British Columbia, under the linn name of Hunt it Uover,  is dissolved hy mutual consent from and after this dale,  (ieorge U. Hunt retiring from the linn. The business  will bc'eiimud on hy .laeoli Dover, who will pay all the  linn's debts, and who is alone authorized lo coflecl the  debts due the linn..  Hated this ti.'ird daV of November, IS!),').  Witness: " (..'KOKG K ('. HUNT.  'Jon.v Houston. .IACOH poVKit.  Hoarding ifn.ll  finest  in Hie Northwest : well  furnished  throughout : furnace heal, electric lights, hot and  cold water.   Stuilenls given every ailvan-  lage of a cultured .1 'hrislian home.  Fall Term Opens November 14��, 1S93  Kor further information concerning the place, lenns of  board and tuition, apply to (.'. A. 1'hipps. I'resideiu. or to  L. C. P.* HA.SKINS, Secretary,  Keltic Falls. Stevens county. Washington.  . October L'Sth. Iffii. . .  DSJ  "VSU,  'EE"VBLSTOKE  GROCERIES, HARDWARE,  ^3sro     JST-AJS:~Cr&3P  APPLICATION   FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  Notice is hereby given Hint thirty days after date I intend to apply to the stipendiary uiagi.--trale of West  Kootenay district, for a license to sell hit nor at my hotel  at Kivu-inile Point 111 said district. it. K. l'KltkY.  Nelson, November-iilth, ltjMi.  NOTICE.  The annual meeting of the stockholders of Ihe Kootenay Hydraulic Alining Company will be held at, the  company s ollice. No. Hi I'lull street, Rochester, New  Voi-k, on the second Tuesday in .lunuary. A. I)., lb!)I, for  the purpose of electing a board ot directors for tlie ensuing year, and for any other business that may come  before said meeting. II. M. UOOIMI c 10.  Hated. Novemner Kith. lh!);{. Secretary.  ibaiusiBrisi  rrjOtOnO  NOTICE.  The following'arc the owners of the " Victoria" and  " Prince Consort ' placer claims 011  Salmon river, in Nelson mining division of  \\ esl   Kootenai' district, British  Columbia:   S. .1. MrCOI.'MICK, one-third interest;  l.lv.) ftUTUi:, onc-tliird interest :  lUJHOI.ril  (fOI.'KOW, one-tliird inferesl.  Anyone doing work on Llic above-mentioned claims, or  fiiriushiiig supplies for the same, must look for payment  lo the party ordering the same.  KUIK.ll.I'll OOltKOW.  Hy A. Mueller, his altoriiey-in-l'iicl.  Salmon l.'ivur. If. C. October Lilt li. I��CI.  We quote prices on Feed, F. 0. B. Steamer  at Bonner's Ferry, as follows:  Oats, per cwt.,       .       . $1 20  Chop Barley, per cwt., $1 20  Bran and Shorts, "       . 95  Potatoes, per cwt.,        . $1 00  Gloves, Moccasins, Overshoes, Overrubers, Mackinaw Shirts, German  Socks, Shirts and Underclothing; Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes,  and the finest and most varied lot of Fall and Suiriiner Suits, Vests,  Coats, and Pants ever shown the public in the Kootenay Lake country.  Write for prices on ear lots of Feed,  goods shipped C. 0. D.  All  Accident on the Nelson & Fort Sheppard.  The   conductor   who   was   injured   one  jiig-ht   hist   week  on   tlie   Xelson   A:   Fori  Sheppard was taken to Spokane I'or medical   treatment.     Owing   to  a  slide  near  Wayward, the train was running with the  caboose   in   front,  the conductor and  the  Ijrnkenian   standing  on   the platform   on  the lookout i'or obstructions.    A tree had  i'tdleii   across   the   track   and   was  lying  high  enough   to strike the  nien  on   the  platform.     TJie  night  being  very  dark,  tlie obstruction was nol,  seen in  time lo  .signal the engineer to stop.    The conductor and brakent.-in both jumped, the latler  breaking an   arm   in   tlie    fall,   and   the  former   being   knocked    unconscious,   in  ���which    condition    he-   remained    several  hours.  How a Husband's Life was Saved.  The latest instance of crime bringing' its  own punishment comes, on the authority  of Dr. Leonard (hilhrie. from Italy. An  Italian woman had a husband, and the  husband had the dropsy. Hut the dropsy  did not work <|tiickly enough. The woman put a, toad in her husband's wine lo  poison him. Hut the poison which the  toad's skin secretes has an active principle  ���-j)liryuiii-��� wjjjch  much   resembles digi-  DISS0LUTI0N   OF   COPARTNERSHIP.  The |i;irlnci>lii|i heretofore existing het uccn the 1111-  dejvinneil, unrler Ihc linn iiiuin.- of u ilson \- I'criiuc, is  ilis.-oived I'riii 11 unit lifter the (lute of I his not ice. The  husine.-s uliieli I In- lirni eoiiclueted ill NcImiii mill Kuslo  will hereiifler he curriiMl on liy W. .1, H il.-tiii I'or his own  in'cou n I. All ili'lit- ilue I he Ih'in lull.-.! lie -elllcil li.y eilsli  or note within tliirty ilny-. from this ihile. eil her of the  uiiiler-i^neil liciii^' nut horizeil lo in.-ike i-i;tl hMuents unit  gi\e reeei|i|s.  Hiitod nt NeNun. Hriti.-h t'oluniliin. this.'Ust day of October, IS'.'i.  Witness: W. .1. WILSON'.  .Ioiin  lIiiCsTDN. WII.I.I.A.M   rKHHl'K.  DIVIDEND NOTICE.  The divide ml (IccliiiTil lo I he slut re holders of the ICootc-  n.-iy l.iikc; Teleplioni.' ('oiii|inny. Limited, is now due und  pii.yiiblo :if the Company t- ollice in Ncl.-on, li. ('., to nil  sharcliolili'i's of record on Oi-toln-r I.��t. IS!��.  JOHN   AVTO.V  Olllh'ON,  N(;lsoii. H.O., Octohi.-r Hl.sl. l.sit.'i.  .Socrelury-Trcnsiirer.  APPLICATION   FOR   CROWN   GRANT.  Notice is herehy niven Ih.il John McDonald, as .'i^'i'lil  for (.'harli-s Mall and others. Iin^ llled the neces-iiry  paper.-aud made application for a I 'mil n (Irani in I'uvnr  of (he iiiiiiernl idiiim "Vieloriii,"-it iiiiteil in the Nelson  Mininj; Hivisinu of West Knolenuy. Adverse elaiinalils  will foruiird their ohjeei ions witliin UI days from the  date of this pil hlieal ion. N,   l''l'r/,STi;i:i(S.  (iulil ('oiiiuiis.~ioiier.  Nel-on. H. ('.. Ullli November, Is'.-::.  APPLICATION    FOR   CROWN GRANT.  Nol ii-e i- hereby j,'iurn I hat John .McDonald, n- ii^eiil  for Kbcncy.er l:am-:iy. ba- llled the necessary paper.-, mid  111,i ile a pp lien | ion for a ('row n (irnui in favor of lhe minora! i iaini " Lulu." mi iinled in the Ncl.-on Mininn' Hivisinu of We.-1 Kooleiiiiy. Ad\ eive i��� I.-1 imaills ���will forward  I heir obj eel ion.s within CO days from I he dale of I his pill. -  Iicatiou.' N. KITZSTCHHS,  Cold (.'oiniiijs.-ioner.  NelMiii. H. ('., i:!|h Noyeuihcr. IWl.'i.  .loti.v M. I\i:i:i-i:ii.  E. M. KINNEAR,  Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.  .I.X.MKS  W.  HKAI.K  KEEFER  &   SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  .loll le'iiniliK done.    Ha ve  U'uod, whii.rh will lie  I.K.W K  several  hundred cnrils of gimt\  sold n(   rcii.-onablc prices.'  OIUU.KS    AT  A New Railway Under Construction.  ^tbe/Har^e  J.   P.   Humo   &   Co.'s,   Vernon   .Sti-p.ot,.   Nelson.  Nelson   Livery Stable  senders and   lmjfl;iit,'i:   transferred  to and   from  Ihc  rail Way depot und sleainlioiil binding.    KrciKht  haiilcil and job leaiiiinf,' done.   Stove  wood I'or sale.  WILLIAM   WILSON  .I'UOJ'IMKTOR  joe -.LP^-ttJgzTJsr  NELSON, B.C.  Plasterer, Bricklayer and Stone-Mason,  ' hiiit.nirrts liiken for work at nil points in W'esi ICnriti'iiny  CAUTION.  The public are hereliy wai'lied a^riiin.-l Kivintc orders  fur elolliinc; lo one A. A. Het'ow. who has n set of my  snmples but is not my ;ij;eiill mid tins not tfivoii the  sninplcs ii|i, allhiiiiKh rei|iieslcil lodoso.  K. J. IlL'NTKK.Toronlo, Ontario.  October-.'(illi. 1WIH.  In the RAILV/AY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  CHOICE BUILDING-and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  EHBATE   ALLOAVED   FOK   G-OOD   JBXTIT_,IDinsra-S-  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  Apply for Prices, Maps,  Etc., to  Frank Fletcher,  Land  Commissioner  Columbia &   Kootenay   Railway Co.  THE  CENTRE  OF THE  LARDEAU COUNTRY. I nsrsLSOniNr, b. o.  BALIFF'S SALE.  Ily virtue of a distress uarriiii! fur rent, issued in favor  ol McDonald & Henderson, nail a   warrant of i-v(M'iif in-i  issued mil of lhe county court  in fa vor of .L Kre'd   Mimic  ���S: Co., uKiiinsl. the j,'uiids and  chattels of S. Mills &  Co '  liotelkecpers, at Nelson. British Columbia. I  Im ve seized  mill deliiiiied a  miscellaneous lot of housebold fiirnil lire  eon- istm^ol beil-rouin sets, spring and oilier inallresses'  lilankels. i|inl|s.  pillows, enrpel-. ruKs, eurlains, tables'  eliiiirs. lamps, pictures.-ii,v,.. and stove furniture crock-  crs. etc., now in  the Victoria hotel, on   Victoria 's| reel  und which I will sell at public auction at   I he aforc-idd  hotel, on Tiic.-dny, the l'IW day of  November   |,s'i:|   at''  o'clock p. in., or as iniieli  I hereof as will  sal isfy the' said  distraint and juilKinenl,. loc;el her with the cosis of sale  Terms cash \V. I'. ItOUINWOX. JJuliir. "  Nelson, U.C. November lalh, IN(IH,  West Kootenay Electoral District  .A  Court  of llevisioti  and   Appeal   under the "Assessment  Act, inks." and amendments,  will he held ul  the  Court House, Nets on Tuesday, I lie alh day of Dccom-  bcr, I8IK1, at, the hour of 1(1 o'clock in the forenoon.  N.  KITZSTL'HH.S.  .Italic of the court, of revision null appeal.  Nelson. H. ('., Ocloher'.'Tth. IKIKi.  Family Towi-ist Cars to Puget Sound.  I'pholstered tourist cars in charge of porter and c(|ui|i-  ped with bedding, eurlains, cooking nuiKcs, ample wnl.or  supply, liu'iitoi'ies, toilet rooms, etc., and well heated,  lighted and vent Hated, form a part of the Ureal Northern  railway t liroii^u train service between the Twin Cities  and Scuttle. Tourist ears leave St. I'niil daily at 7:IS  p. m., Minneapolis 8:1 a p. m. Two dollars for double,  berth lo Havre, (with prompt connection for Oreal. Fulls.  Heleiiii and liulte): .*-.'./i(l to Honner's I'Yrry und Spokane;  S.'i to Scuttle. I'ulaee slecpitiK cars via the Chicago, Milwaukee .<: SI. Paul railway leave OhieiiKo every evening'  at. Hli.'Kl and run IhroiiKh to .Seattle, in connect ion ivitn  the spliMidid (irenl. Nortliern service for all classes of  travel. Address A(j;enl Ciisey, Honner's Korry. Idaho, for  inforiiuUion ahoiil trips to any i��irl, of the L'nited Htatcn  or Canadii.

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