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The Tribune Nov 16, 1893

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 East anc) Tilesi Kootenay  Have   Better Showings  for Mines than  any  other Sections on the Continent  of America.  1  lapita('"an6 Brains  Can   Both   be   Employed   to   Advantage   in  the  Mining Camps of East and  West  Kootenay.  FIRST  YEAR-NO.  NELSON,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA,. THURSDAY,  NOVEMBER 10,   1893.  PRICE TEN'CENTS.  A   STEAMBOAT   WRECKED.  The State of Idaho Takes a Header Against  a Rocky Shore.  Although tho steamship " Mud Hon" has  boon swamped half a dozen times and  laid high mid dry cm rocks and sandbars  limes without number, the first .serious  accident to a steamboat on Kootenay lake  occurred at 3d."5 o'clock last Friday morning. The State of Idaho loft Kaslo for  Nelson at the usual hour (-1 o'clock), and  when hall' a mile south ot" Ainsworth ran  ashore. The first intimation thai anyone  aboard had of danger was the shock of  the boat when it struck the shelving rock,  the shock sending the passengers in the  cabin sprawling on the floor, and making  those on deck imagine their time had  come. One of the deck passengers was  "Ben" Thomas, who was returning to  Nelson from a G-monfhs' prospecting trip  over in East Kootenay. "Ben" was  wrapped in his blankets on the deck, -with  his head in close proximity to an S-inoh  stanchion. The shock caused "Ben's"  head to come in contact Avith the stanchion, and if the man at the wheel had only  heard the few but emphatic words uttered  -when JNJr. Thomas arose and found that'  8-inch stanchion shattered lo atoms, the  chances are he would remain awake the  rest of his days. One of the cabin passengers, Mrs. (Jakes of Nelson, was thrown  against the stove .and injured about the  shoulders.  When it struck, the boat -was fully a  mile out of its course and going at a speed  of about twelve miles an Hour. The  shore for some distance below Ainswori.h  is a succession of rock bluffs standing  straight; out of ihc water, with lioie and  there a small cove where the i-ock shelves  so that a boat might make a safe landing.  Jb was in one of these little coves, barely  wide enough for the boat to enter, that  the Jdaho'struck. Although the pumps  were quickly set in motion, the .stern soon  began settling, and in a short time the  after cabin was two-thirds under water,  the forward deck as faraft-as the five box  of the boiler remaining dry. The passengers landed and walked back to Aius-  worth.    The freight, consisting of  A carload of flour, hay, and grain for  F. J. Farley, 350 pounds of butter for It.  I'). Lemon,' 15 packages of fruit for (J.  Knuffinan. and a. box of assay material  for M.-Sr Davyv all-oi'-Nelsourcoald-Hot  be taken off, and all of it except thrco  kegs of the butler is still on the boat.  In the afternoon, the vessel having boon  adjudged a wreck by captains Ilayward.  McMorrisand Seaman, sitting as a board of  master "mariners, it was sold to the highest  bidder, and was purchased for W350 by CJ.  Alexander of Calgary, who is interested  in the work of recia.huing the overflowed  lands on Kootenay' river. The next day  the tug Kaslo was chartered to:tow the  wreck to Kaslo. and the undertaking was  accomplished without great difficulty.  The wreck now lies' anchored to a boom  of saw logs in the bay at Buchanan's'mill.'  All that remains above water is the forward bulwarks and less than half- the  cabin.  The hogchains are quite loose, which  indieatGs that the hull is "buckled." The  stem is badly splintered; but the hull does  not. appear to have any holes other than  the opening of seams. The crown sheet  of the fire box is burned. The hull will  be pulled out at Kaslo and repaired,"20.000,  feet "of timber .having already been ordered  from Buchanan's mill. The work will be  under the' immediate superintendence of  captain Shaw. It is thought the repairs  will cost fully $3000, and when completed  the new boat will bo re-named and reregistered. The old boat was an American bottom; the new one will be a British  bottom.  The State of Idaho was built last spring  at Bonner's Ferry at a cost of nearly  $3t),(X)0. ���':..."..  anthropist vice-president. Then the meeting adjourned, and as usual, all the sisters  in the cause who wevn given no offices determined to have nothing more to do with  the "movement." The fact that they and  the clergy, who subscribe nothing but demand that the fair shall be closed on Sunday, are warned away from the exposition warms the heart, of normal human  beings toward it.  BOOM   IN   SOUTH   AFRICA.  Want to Reform the Newspapers.  Speaking of crime the newspapers .are'  to be reformed. A number of San Francisco la-dies "have held a meeting and formally petitioned the press to "elevate the  moral tone of their columns" by eschewing  "sensationalism" and "personalities."  They represent in their resolutions that  the "spreading broadcast of vicious and  ���debasing news in our homes and among  our children, and the consequent knowledge and easy familiarity with crime in  all its forms, has a tendency to lower the  tone of thought among the best of our  people, and to strengthen the worst instincts among the morally lower classes."  There is no reason why the work of correction should be left to women wholly,  Their sensibilities arc no kener than  men's and their interest in banishingfdul-  ness from the-press no greater. But it refreshes to see women earnest about anything save their own glory, taking organized action. The organizing female is, as  a, rule, a worse affliction than thestupidest  newspaper. San Francisco is alive with  her. The woman .who can't write but  writes; the woman who can't "paint, but  paints; the woman who sets up as a lawyer, but isn't one; the woman who goes in  i'or politics and knows nothing of politics  ���the woman, in short, who is cursed with  a passion for distinction, but is denied the  ability to achieve it, chastens the he saint  continually and moves the he sinner to  much sinful speech. Jt is honorable to the  sense and courage of the managers of the  Midwinter Fair that they have sat down  on her. Of course she wanted to take a  hand. A meeting was held. One of the  most eminent of the unknowns of tho  Woman's Pacific Coast Press Association  was elected president, and a skirted pbil-,  Four Hundred Montana Miners Have Gone to  the Transvaal.  For several months South Africa has  had a boom in Montana. Becoutly '100  miners left that state for that country,  and in addition many clerks and mechanics have gone there., Recent reports,  however,' indicate that they have struck  an overcrowded market. There is no  doubt that the Transvaal is a country  very rich in gold, and certain to be one  of the largest producers of the yellow  metal in the world. The output has  grown at an astonishing rate. In a few  years a city with 30,000 people (Johannesburg) and a prosperous and populous  country have been literally carved out  of the wilderness. Large sums of capital  have been invested and hundreds and  thousands of laborers employed. The  transformation has been going on for  several years,,-but it is only recently that  the fame of the Transvaal has reached all  quarters of the globe. .In consequence,  thousands of immigrants arc being attracted thither.  Tt is probable that the immigrants have  not sufficiently informed themselves of  the actual state of things in tho Transvaal. The labor situation there is not  promising. Tho Johannesburg Sentinel  recently declared that there is no demand  for carpenters.-masons, bricklayers, plasterers, and blacksmiths. The country is  overstocked with fitters, miners, wagon-  builders, tailors, bakers, dressmakers and  waiters: badly overstocked with engine-  drivers, house-decorators, painters, printers, and shop assistants. The situation as  to clerks is described as terrible, the cab-  drivers arc mostly colored, and the. teachers are poorly paid. There is, however,  plenty of room for good white domestic  servants. The rent of a 3-room cottage  is from $35 to $-10 per month, and good  .table, board is from $8 to $10 per week.  __fc'"Sah Francisco"at" the* pres6"rtt"tiin<y Di'.'"  J. W. Matthews, who has lived twenty-  five years in South Africa, is lecturing on  the Transvaal. Here is what he says  about one feature of living there: "The  duties on imports are very high. For instance, on every cigar a man smokes he  must pay a duty of 0 cents. All cigais  are .brought from Havana, and their average cost is 30 cents. On hams the duty is  2-icents a pound, making the total cost 00  cents a pound.��� On1 every banana' taken  into the country the government collect's  a tax of 3 cents. . These are only instances  of the tremendous rate of customs." Notwithstanding these disadvantages, great  fortunes have, of course, been made, but  they are not, as a rule,made by laborers.  The gold-bearing .'reefs' are limited in  length, and claims are not to be had for  the asking.,-.v  Posters .('/'t placarded at the Canadian  Pacific docks and elsewhere throughout  Vancouver announcing a, cheap rate to  South Africa. Apparently several Vau-  cou verites have already left for that .part,  ORE   SHIPMENTS.  Not-withstanding Contrary Reports, the Slocan  Mines will Ship Ore this = Winter.  N. I1'. McXauglit, Uic purcluisor of the -Alplm group of  claims in Slor.-ui ���lis-Lricl., was in town Lin's wool:. lie expresses hinihull iik nioi-u than pleinod with his eliiims, ns  Lliu work done quite recently makes ;i wonderfully  lino .showing. IFo is iiiixiou-. to know at/ wluit.cliilul.lio.  ricilroiul will be to the head of Slocun lake, undies un inducement Lo lutco it, completed by December Nt, will  giiiminluc 100(1 Ions of ore by May l.sl, 18!H, for transportation. Dili lio claims without, the road being finished  In the head of Slocan lake lie will not i-'hipa pound of ore.  Therefore: the mines will be idle iiulil ircxi .spring, and ho  reports LlisiL every uiiniiiK man in the tjlocan looks at Lhe  Ml.iiiit.ioii in lhe same light.  PRACTICES   WHAT   HE   PREACHES.  /are contemplating  following  l ictoria agent of the Canadian  and  others  suit.    The V  Pacific on Tuesday sold eight tickets to  Cape Town. Theinn j ority of the purchasers were miners recontlyarrived from the  Yukon country.  ".Jim" Wardner, the man Avho by his  rustling qualities showed how Slocan ores  could be'marketed at a profit, is ere this  at Johannesburg. lie left y"rneouve"r on  the 8th of October and arrived at London  on the 24th of the same month, in a letter to the Spokane lie view, dated London,  October 2(ith, he states that he expected  to sail from Southampton, England, for  Cape Town, South Africa, on October  28th, and if all -went well he would arrive  at the latter place in November 12th and  Johannesburg three days later.. The fare  from London to Johannesburg is: first-  class, $258; second-class, $170; third-class,  $1.03. Johannesburg is 1.0.1.3 miles by rail  from Cape Town.  The Test Resulted favorably.  IT. Stevenson has returned to Ainsworth  from Bossburg, Washington, where he  went to run a carload of ore through the  concentrator at that place, in order to  lind out whether or not the low-grade ore  in the No. 1 mine at Ainswortli could be  concentrated to.advantage. The test was  satisfactory. Of the twelve tons concentrated 80 per cent of the assay value of  tlie ore was saved, which goes to show  that four and a. half tons of the low-grade  ore makes concentrates that assay 200  ounces in silver, it is likely that a concentrating mill will be erected near the  mine at once, that is, if the present lessees  can get their lease extended for another  term of two years.  The Freight Blockade at Revolstolce.  On the last trip flown the Lytton  brought about fifty tons of freight, all for  Nelson and Kaslo. About as much more  will come down on the next trip, and an  effort will be made to get till the Nelson  and Kaslo freight through before navigation closes. The little steam barge Ille-  cillowaot is used to transport the freight  from llevelstoke down the river to a point  below the "green, slide," About a carload  is brought at a, trip.  The above is from the Nakusp Ledge of  the !)th and should be taken for what it is  worth.   There is now little  likelihood of  the Nakusp & Slocan railway being completed to the head of Slocan lake by December   1st; but that is   no  reason why  mining operations should be suspended in  Slocan district until next spring.   It has  already been demonstrated that the time  to get   ore  from   the   mines in the district to points at which it can be handled  by steamboat or  railway is  during the  winter;  that  the  cost is less  by nearly  a half in the winter than in the summer.-  If this is true in  regard  to   the cost of  transporting ore from the mines, in is also  true in regard to the cost of transporting  supplies to-the mines.    In the summer tho  cost  of getting supplies to the mines is  from three to five cents a, pound; the cost  in tho winter is not to exceed two cents.  If the mine owner can work his mines  without making steamboat or rail shipments until   May   1st,  he certainly  can  suffer no great hardship or loss if the shipments are delayed until Juno or July.    In  Mr. McNaughfs case, his ore must first be  rawinded  to the   steamboat   landing   at  Silverton, then carried by steamboat to  Now-Denver or to tho head of Siqcau lake  and turned over to the Nakusp <fc Slocan  railway.   Fven  if the latter   road   Avas  completed to the head of .Slocan lake by  December 1st,  the   ore would remain at  either   the  head of the la.ke or Nakusp  until the resumption of navigation in the  spring.    "Within thirty days, at the most,,  after    the    resumption    of    navigation;  the   track   of   the    Nakusp    6c   Slocaii"  railway will be at the head of Slocan lake  and the company be in position co handle:  all.  freight  expeditiously.    The resumption of naA'igation is not likely to bo later;  than the middle of April, so that by the  mindleof May Mr. McNaughfs 1000 tons'  of oi'C would be on the move.  We do not believe there is a single mine  owner in Slocan district, that is, one that'  means business and lias men at work, who,,  jn tends..to,d(i as. the.Ledge .intimates.-MvJ.  Ale-Naught will do. On the contrary, it'is  known for a fact that George "Hughes will  continue working and shipping ore from  tho Mountain Chief, and tha t he can easily  ship 1000 tons; that the owners of the  Noble Five group will do the same: that  continuous shipments will be made from  tho Dardanelles, from the Washington,  from the Itico, from the Blue Bird, and  from the Freddie Lee. The Slocan Star;  a mine that has not made a shipment but  has thousands of tons in sight, is making  preparations to get ore down ���������from' the  mine while snow is on the" ground. Probably Air. McNaught Avilldo as the others  are doing.     _____________  The Nelson & Port Sheppard.  The track of the Nelson & Fort Sheppard rail way will be" opposite Nelson on  Saturday night and be at Daly's ranch by  Tuesday night. At the latter��� place a  bridge will delay tracklayiug for a day or  two, but chief engineer .Roberts', expects  to have the road completed'to Five-mile  point to permit of'regular train service by  December 5th at the latest. Until spring,  two trains a week will leave Nelson and  arrive at -Marcus in time to connect with  the regular passenger train to Spokane.  The 'arriving and* departing time will  probably be 5:30 p. m. and (5 a. m. The  material for the Nelson depot is at the  front, and within two weeks it will be  in a finished building. The company will  not do a commercial -telegraph business-  over its lines this winter, but the line will  be used as an alternative line if the one by  Avay of Itobson and Trail should go down,  which it is sure to. A road will be constructed from Stanley street to the depot.  Premier Davie Both a Civil Service Reformer  and a Home Ruler.  Premier Davie, notwithstanding all reports to the contrary, is both a civil service reformer and a home ruler,    lie is as  strong an advocate of civil service reform  as  that other   great   .statesman,  Grover  Cleveland,  and .for the  same   high   and  lofty purpose: tho good of tho country afc  largo.    Me is as great as a home ruler as  ho is as ti civil service reformer; and, unlike Ah-. Cleveland, he practices what lie  preaches.    Ibis  he  not seen  to it that a  Air.  Norris, over in  Yale district, is promoted  to. a, vacancy caused by the death  of his chief?   lias he not, in  times past,  seen  that every   vacant office   in   West  Kootenay Avas 'filled' by a resident of the  district?   And, no doubt, ho will continue  to do so as long as he'runs tho government, for he is too astute a politician to  .change   front once  he commits   himself,  and he has-committed himself as the following letter shows:  Victohia. October 2(itli. 1893.  f)i:.\i{ Sue: Poor Lumliy was buried yeMorduy. 1  \viis io have been-one of Ms palltenrers; but, unfortunately, since Surainy, 1 have been continue! to my room  through siokness. I am cjlucl to wiy. however.. that I am  impnninif. mid hope lo be out, by the end of} his woefc or  tho beginning of next. 1 had lo lake to my room the  piiinc. day thiiOIr. I.uniby died, and the very next, day  the applienlioiisonnie pouring-in on Hit! government by  those sucking lo fill his office, ami nmic of thorn came  out on Tvlonday to solicit, my influence for the po-ition. I  at, once look (ho stand, and" so i', formed all of I hem, that ���  it, would be highly unjust, lo induct, any .stranger into the  position; that the imitlor ought to bo settled in right, of  promotion: that I uiictei-slnncl there was a' very tru.st-  ivorthy subordinnto in Mr. Luitiby'b oflieo vt'ho was  thoroughly up to the work, and who-e olnim.s it, would be  wrong in Lhe extreme to ignore in favor of a stranger to  lhe public sen ice. lcauscdoflici.il letters to bo sent to  all the candidates who sent I heir applications to me to  tho same ell'cel, and 1 was fclad in tho extreme yesterday  (Wednesday) lo receive a note from Mr. Vernon an-  t iiouneing that a petition had been largely signed asking-  i for the .-ippoiiittiicnt of ?>Tr. N'orris to the position, and in  hi-; note to nic'.Ur. Vernon took strong grounds in favor  oi'the appointment recommended by the petition. The  object of Ibis petition so thoroughly met my views that. 1  ar once scut, word lo "Mr. Arcriion" advocating that the  niinu e in council should iinmedialely be drawn up making the appointment of Mr. Xorrio, and from a letter  which 1 h<��ve.ilist received from Mr. Vernon I find that  this has been done, so that Mr. Xorris's appointment to  Mr. Liunby's position can now bo looked upon a-, mi assured fact. 'Ihc fiiiing of ol)!cc-3 accoiding to meriled  proninjinn is Ihc only just way of conducting the public  service. If '"I rangers and outsiders are, for mere political  reasons-, to be pushed ahead of ,Llio->o who have spent  position of trust was $J0 a month. It is to  chrj credit of the newspapers of San Francisco that the moral they draw from the  cmbc/.Klcmcnt was not gratifying to tho  "Western Union Telegraph Company, and  that warm-hearted corporation found it  expedient not to employ the whole force  of the awful machinery of tho law to  crush the bones of their despoilei'.  It can be replied, of course, that there is  no sentiment in business, and that an employer can't reasonably be asked to pay an  employee more than aiiy other competitor  for the job can be got for. That is political economy. Hut' business men insure  against fire���why not against dishonesty?  And what moral obligation is an underpaid employee under to keep his hands oil'  the cash of his employer?���obligation to  the employer, 1 mean.  This nititter was under discussion the  other evening by a company of which  I made one, and a man who himself has  many working for him, but yet has bowels  and a brain, said with vehemence:  "The wonder to me is that people are so  honest. What is theft? Isn't it, afterall,  but a transfer of property under irregular  conditions? -The only immoral feature  about it is the breach of trust involved.  i<_ar of the jail has a, good deal to do with  the prevalent honesty of underpaid employees, no doubt, but chat isn't the controlling deterrent with the majority. The  old idea, that it is shameful to be a thief���  that no man can steal and still be a man���  is at the bottom of the integrity of the  poor."  SHOULD STAND ALONE.  FROM THE SLOGAN.  years in the government service, liiere^is nothing whatever for the public .senant to look forward to, and no inducement whatever held out for tho en.'ouingoincnt of  industry and proper di.schargc of duty. Ilcaidc* tils'--, .'in-  other principle which I think always .-.hoiild be rei-oguh-.od  is the appointment of men in tho vicinity wheie the office  i-? held who arc known and respected in the community,  noth of the-e objects, that i=, Hint of promotion and tlie  nomination of a rc-sidcnl, have been met in ,the appointment of Jlr. Norri-;. and in viw of the very good name  which he bear.-, owing to hi.s previous faithful service I  am s-iiro ihat.both the district and the government are to  bo oongi-atuhited ar the determination- which.has ,bqen  Yours verv Iruly,  TiiKononic ruvne.  bo oongni.li;  arrivecf ill.  SOULLESS   CORPORATIONS.  It Was Not a Miracle.  In a certain church in Ireland, a young  priest took for his text: "The Feeding of  tlie Multitude." Buthosaid:- "And they  fed ten people with ten thousand loaves  of bread and ten thousand fishes." Thereat  an -old irishman said: "That's no mir-  icle: begorra, f could rlo that myself,"  the priest overheard. The next,  the priest announced tho .same  text, but he had it riglit this time���"And  they fed ten thousand people on ten loaves  of bread and ten fishes. ' Me waited a  second, and then leaned over the pulpit  and said: "And could you do that, Mr.  Murphy?" Murphy replied: "Sure, your  reverence, J. could." "And how could you  doit?" said the pricst._ "Sure, your reverence, 1 could do it with what was left  over from !a,st Sunday."  which  Sunt lay  The coolies  submitted.,  thing else.  Resented, an Inquiry and Got Hit.  A young globe-trotter was holding forth  during a dinner in the Faubourg St. tier-  main, tit Paris, about tho loveliness of the  island of Tahiti and the marvelous beauty  of the women there. One of the barons  Hothchild, who was present, ventured to  inquire if he had remarked anything <���!-���<:  worthy of note in connection with Llic.  island. Resenting the baron's inquiry, ho  replied: "V'es; what struck me much  was that there were no .lews and no nigs  to be seen there." "Is that.so?" exclaimed  the baron, nowise disconcerted; "then  if you and I go there together we shall  make our fortune."  Some Reflections by Arthur aicEwen, a Erigrht  Newspaperman of San Francisco.  The hard times have not boon without  their mixture of advantage to those marvelous modern agencies for good..the corporations.-" Some of   them  have utilized  the situation  to cut down-the. wages.'of  their", employees.    Wells,  Fargo & Co., 1  understand, have made two cuts. Finding  that their vassals stood the first, a second  shift toward .the line of starvation'was  tried, with  the most  gratifying  result,  of the corporate plantation  They could   hardly do any-  Their master represented .to  them that the profits of the company had  'falleh'-off because of the hard times, and  that it wjvs only fair that the employees,  should  bear their   share of   the  loss.    1  venture   to   assort   that   the   records of  Wells,  Fargo & Co.   will-be searched in  vain for tin instance in which wages were  raised to'koep pace with increased profits'.  Of   course   Wells,    Fargo <fc Co.  are not  alone in  this unspeakable -meanness, this-  souliess  trading upon  men's  necessities.  Tho clerks of the town  generally   have  been made to suffer.    The clerk is a hapless being.    Usually lie holds hi.s place by  favoi".   He knows  that there are scores,  hundreds, of men  as com potent -as  himself willing to step into his shoes for the  same or .smaller compensation.    Ordinarily'his income is not as good as that of a  mechanic, but tis lie belongs to a higher  social  citste, he hits to dress better than  tlie workingman, live in a stylo that costs  'more, and   is   naturally 'ambitious   that  his   children   should   be   educated   for a  career above his own.   Vet if he is treated  as    a   man   it   is   because   his   employer  chances   to  be  one.   not  because  he, the  clerk is able to compel decent treatment.  Some years ago a clerk of the Bancrofts,  who had boon in their service for decades,  got married,    lie pleaded his new responsibility   as a  reason   why  ho should  be  better' paid.    "On the contrary," he was  answered,   "now  that you   are  married  you are in a worse position to kick than  you were before.    Vour salary will'bo reduced."   This   clerk    happened   to    have  kept some of the spirit of  manhood from  being crushed out of  him.    lie also  had  friends who wore willing to lend him help  in his extremity.   So ho defied his master,  fled   from   the  plantation  and  opened   a  little   bookstore   of   hi.s   own.    Happily,  Doxey has prospered, and I am pleased to  say, has been a   sore thorn in the side of  the generous .Bancrofts ever since he dared  to emancipate himself.  Five or six years ago it was discovered  that a clerk of the Western I'nion Telegraph Company here; was a defaulter to a  large amount. 1'Jvery day he had sat at  a desk in (lie receiving office, handling  hundreds of dollars, lie had grown old  at the work. A. family had sprung up  around him, and ho loved hi.s boys and  girls,just as if ho had been a man with a  soul. It was necessary to food and clothe  them and to give them schooling. So he  stole. This criminal was arrested and it  came out that the salary he received in his  West   Kootenay   Needs   no   Longer   to   be   a  Tail-Bnder.  "Ts not West Kootenay big enough to  stand alone in sending a mineral exhibit  to the Midwinter Feir?" was the remark  of a man tho other day in one of Nelson's  loading hotels: a man, too, who litis spent  thousands of dollars in developing the  mineral resources of the camps on Kootenay lake. vWhy should a district that is  an empire in extent, with mines richer by  far than those of any state in the Union,  and carrying ores as varied in character as  any region on earth, tail on to somebody  olso's kite? Why should not West Kootenay mine owners and business men unite  their forces and send to San Francisco an  exhibit that would astonish mining men;  for they can do it, and do it at no great  expenditure of money? If is all well  enough for Spokane, to endeavor to,  make' air "'exhibit' "from the districts  tributary tt) that city. But Kootenay  is no longer tributary to Spokane. -  If one of the mine owners needed bank  accommodations, he need not go to that  city for money, for he could not get it. If  one of its business men needed a carload  of merchandise, ho must of necessity go  elsewhere. "Kootenay, if it is to be a  great -mining country, must begin to exhibit its own ores. A country that can  ship half a million dollar's worth of ore a  month���as Kootenay can'-" today���should  staud on its own bottom."  That man was right, antl if our mine  owners and business men act wisely tliey  will at once begin making preparations-to  -make an exhibit at the -Midwinter-'Fair.,  that will surpass the exhibit made by the  entire province at the World's Fair. And  it can bo clone, too.   But will it?  Bill Nye in London.  Westminster church is where the queen  was crowned fifty odd years ago and has  never since its erection or consecration  given a mush-and-milk sociable.  Yesterday 1 visited tlie National gallery  because it was tho day. when artists come  to make copies of the'old masters. There  you see old and gray artists pegging away  at-copies of Rubens, and young and pretty  ��� girl artists���prettier than any of the  pictures theyare painting���and all at work  regardless of passing and curious people.  They are wrapped up in their art.  Theyare very severe with people who  interfere with artists who tiro working.  The works of Turner have often been  criticised, anil especially by the unlearned.  Artists never speak severely of him, but  common people do. For my own part, I  'do not care for him. Possibly- that is because I am unprepared to judge, but I am  notafrnid to stand up here today with my  hand on my heartand say that, if you will  give me a good clean tablecloth, and move  it around a little each meal so that the  place where I carve will come on a new  spot each time, 1*11 give you in a week's  time a Turner that by touching up a little  will make people pop their eyes out.  Speaking of. the Hogarth collection, I  will say, on passant, that it was the only  room in which no artists wore copying.  While .all the other masters had students  ami venerable' artists clustered -about  thoni, Hogarth's disorderly house was  still.    I am not surprised.  Ilis portrait of himself, by himself,  hung whore it faced his "Marriage a la  Mode" on the opposite wall, and he seemed  to say to himself sadly, "Did I devote uninspired brush to such work as that and  hope to be loved or copied in coming  years?"    Muto Testimonials.  Snmobod}' has discovered that church  sleepiness is to be explained on scientific  principles. It is, in fact, a condition of  hypnotism, and. so far from indicating inattention to Ihc .sermon, shows rather  complete absorption by it. Fixing one's  mind on the voice of the minister, in tlie  otherwise complete silence; of the audience-room, produces just the conditions  necessary to domination by another's  mind, and the nodding head and drooping  heavy eyelids are not eloquent of the  preachers dullness, butratbor muto testimonials of his powerful influence.  Cheering Reports  from Mines that are Being  Actually Worked.  "Dave" Porter, foreman of the Mountain Chief mine, and   "Jack" McGuigan,  one of the owners of the Noble-Five group  of mines, were both in Nelson this week.,  They report everything at their respective properties lookingfirst rate, and that  all the mines in Slocan district,  as'far as  they know, never looked better.   Anew  trail litis been built along the side of the  mountain so that ore and supplies can be  taken from and to the Mountain Chief-  without aiiy heavy up-hill   climb.   ��� Tho  mine itself never looked better, and as an.  indication that the ledge is not a small  one, a 700-pound .specimen has boon taken  out to send to the Midwinter Fair at San  Francisco.    Sixteen men are at work, and  Mr. Porter says that 1000 tons of ore can  be easily   extracted and shipped in the  next  three months.    Fifteen men are at .',  work on tho Noble Five group, where two  new   tunnels  have been started  on the  Bonanza King.   The first was started 125  feet   below   the   old   workings,  and  the  other 750 feet, below.    One hundred   tons  of ore are now sacked at the mines, and it  is being rawhided down the new,trail to  Carpenter creek.    The new trail is less,  than two miles in length,' and strikes Car- ���  pouter creek about midway between the  mouth   of   Cody  creek   and Noble Five  gulch.   This trail will also be used by the  Rico mine.    One animal easily takes down  half a ton at a load.    Mr. McGuigan says  it is their intention to ship tit least 1000-  tons this winter.   He also said  the Surprise, a claim in the immediate neighborhood of the Noble Five group, had  over"  tons   sacked   ready   i'or   shipment.  100  About 100 men are at work on the Wash  iugton. Blue Bird,-Rico, Surprise, and  Noble Five mines.  Have Large Capital on Paper.  Occasionally the Dominion government  issues a "blue book" that contains something of interest. The report of the superintendent of insurance for the year 181)2  is now being distributed, and its contents  proves that tho insurance companies doing business in Canada have most of their  capital in promises to pay instead of in  real hard money. Take the "North British & Mercantile," one of the largest of  the British companies, as an example,  ft lias a capital of $ 1-1,000,000, of which  $3,011,(500.07 paid. Last year that company collected $5U2,32I.S7 in Canada  and paid out $351 ,-120.78. Another, big  British company is tho "National Assurance Company of Ireland." It litis a capital of $8,733,333.33. of which only $180,-  OOti.08 has boon pajd in. Tho sixteen  Canadian companies' received $1.0o2,(MI in  premiums during the year and paid out  $792,219 for losses; the twenty-eight British companies received $"l.i355.''I7_ in  premiums and paid out $2,877,1-19 in losses;  the ten American companies received  $1,00-1,812 in premiums aud paid out $700,-  902 in losses.' -   ,-       -.. ���--.--"   ���-  Kaslo's Comique Theatre.  The Tribune's correspondent:at Kaslo  writes:'- "Something should be done, or  authority delegated to somebody, to proven t children from "a ttenil ing the Comique.  Two children about S or 9 years old were  seen hi the front row of seats at Monday  night's performance. Their names can.be  furnished if desired to anyone disputing  the fact." If the performance, is not such  as children should", see, it ds unfit for  adults. If unfit for adults to see, why is  it permitted at all? If there was nothing  worse at it than the stage performance, tho  morals of those visiting the Comique  would not be hurt.  In no Danger of a Collapse.  Grange V. Holt, agent at Nelson of tho  Bank of British Columbia, returned on  Saturday from a 2-weeks' trip through the  mining camps to the. north. While not  pretending to more knowledge of practical mining than the average business  man, he-says he saw enough in the mines  he took a look, at to convince him that  this country is in .no-great danger of- a  collapse, lie inspected the Noble Five  group, the Slocan Star, and the Mountain  Chief, the ore in which stands out so that  a blind man can see it. Mr. Holt reports  the Kaslo wagon road and Nakusp trail  in bad condition.  The Champion Cow.  Many people who visited the stock exhibits tit the World's Fair inquired for tho  "$15,000 .Jersey beauty." This famous  cow, "Signal's Lily Fl'agg," goes to C. I.  Hood's herd of .Jerseys at Lowell. Massachusetts. She holds the world's record  antl silver cup for the largest amount of  butter made in one year, 1019 pounds and  :/ ounce. She is a beauty, too, tind well  deserves the above title.  A  Making the Columbia Navigable,  gang of men  in   charge of Charles  Holden as foreman \h at work at the Kootenay rapids on the Columbia river, to the  end that that river can be made navigable  earlier in tho spring and later in the fall.  Old-timers like "Dave" Ferguson, "Tom"  Downs, George Spinks. and "Lochio"  McDonald are in the gang.  Getting Richer and Richor.  From reports received from Ainsworth,  G. B. Wright has a hidden bonair/.ain the  Mile Point-mine. Assays as high as $33150  have been obtained from ore recently extracted. A now tunnel has been started  lower down than the old one, and another  carload of ore shipped, this time to Great  Falls, Montana,  W^��_g_MFTiITMl''r;W'&i_i WMM lWiJMMV-"^W'WraH_HWftiRfn''i��IB,wll -iV-v' -!rt'.".';.1P����.R".l'**'�����"���*'���'*rWS��f"W!-.***i-' !;���-��._������> .i.i,1.- i.i..m'*-'.> U'-tf  iff..' I,..:7r?."."'v-7'V*."T'I���"'",'���'-���-'!�� I'fv'-'; ������"-'���al��'V'.'   ' /-.'������'- a?t.cl,i"-'.v"'i"iTy~  J.T'1l5JIVIil  ��� "?"_V���t-  I^^Sr^EIil THE  TRIBUNE;   NELSON, B.C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER  1G,  1893.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THK TRIBUNE is publi.-hecl on Thursdays, by John  Houston & Co., and will lie; mailed lo subscribers  on payment, of OXEDotUKiiymir. No subscription  taken for less tliiin u your.  RECUJ-iAIt ADVK.'iTI.SKMEXT.S pi-intccl at the following rates: One inch, 5-.'::; a your; two inches,  POO a vein-; three inche* SSI a year; four indies.  S'JIi a v&ir; live inches. SI(13 a year; six inches and  over, lit the rate of 31.50 an inch per month.  TRANSIENT ADVKRTISEJIKNTS 20 cents a line for  lirst, insertion and 10 eenisa line for each additional  insertion,   Jlirth,  marriage, and dc-iith  notices tree.  LOCAL Oil UKAlirNft .MATTKit NOTICES 50 cents a  line each insertion.  JOB PRINTINGS at. fair rates. All accounts for job  printing and advertising payable on the lirst ol  ovei-v month; subscription, in advance.  ADDRESS all communications^^ ^^ r ^  TRAVELERS'   GUIDE.  STEAM Kit NELSON.  Sundavs���Leaves Nelson at;') p. in. for Kaslo.  Mondays-���Leaves Kaslo at I a. m. for Homier s 1-orry.  Tuesdays���Leaves' llonner's Kerry al I a. 111. for Kaslo.  Wednosdavs��� Leaves Kaslo at 9 a. in. for Nelson ; returning, loaves Nelson at :> p. 111. for Kaslo.  Thursdays���Leaves Kaslo at, I a. in. for Homier s I'crry.  Fridays��� Leaves lionner's Kerry at I a. in. for Nelson.  Saturdays���Leaves Nelson al !) a. in. for Kaslo; returning, leaves Kaslo at 'i p. m. for Nelson.  STEAMER A [NSWORTir.  Leaves Nelson for Balfour, Pilot Hay, Ainsworth, and  Kaslo on Mondays, Tuesdays-:. Thursdays, and l-'ri-  davs at'.) a. m.. and on Saturdays at '.I p. in.  Leaves Kaslo for A ins worth, Pilot Hay, Balfour, and  Nelson on Sundays al 10 a. in., on Mondays and Thursdays at 3 p. 111., and on Wednesdays and Saturdays al,  ���J a. m.  STEAMER  HUNTER.  Leaves New Denver for head of Slocan lake and for Sil-  verton daily, except Sunday.  Leaves head of Slocan lake for New Denver and Silvcrton  daily, except Sunday, at 5 p. in.  COLUMBIA & KOOTENAY RAILWAY.  A train, connecting at Robson with the steamer Columbia bound south for Trail Creek, riayward, \\ aneta,  and Northport, leaves Nelson on Mondays and Thursdays ac3p. 111. . ,   ,, ,    .  A train, connecting at, Robson with the steamer Lyt-  ton bound north for Eire Valley, Nakusp, Arrow  Lake hot springs, and Revelstoke. leaves Nelson on  AVednesdays and Saturdays at 7 a. 111.  At Norlhporl connection is made with trains on the Spokane & Northern for Colville and Spokane.  At Revelstoke connection is make with trains on the  Canadian Pacific for the Paciiic coast and lhe East.  STAGE LINES.  Stages leave Kaslo for Bell's, Watson. Rear Lake City,  Three Forks, and New Denver daily, except Sunday,  at S a.m.  Stages leave Three Forks for Bear Lake City, \\ atson,  Bell's and Kaslo daily, except Sunday, at 8 a. in.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  DLaBAU, M.IX���Physician and Surgeon.   Booms :!  ���   and  1 Houston block, Nelson.   Telephone 42.  LR. HARRISON, B. A.���Barrister and Attorney al  ��� Law (of the province of New Brunswick), Conveyancer, Notary Public, Commissioner for taking Aflidavits  for use in the Courts of British Columbia, etc. Ofllees���  Second floor, Scott building, Josephine St., Nelson, B. C.  ��to ��ribrnte  THURSDAY MORNING NOVEMBER 1C, ISM  OBSTRUCTING-   HIGHWAYS.  JVIueh complaint is beard from  Slocan  district that the contractors on tho Nakusp & Slocan railway  are making the  newly bnilt   road between  New Denver  and Three .Forks impassable; are. in fact,  destroying the road.   The average railroad   company   and  railroad   concractor  has   as   little   respect  for   the property  .rights of the people as hasLobengnla, the  African.   And, for some reason, our high  officials who never tire  of annoying the  poor devils who trespass^on crown lands  never have tho courage to  tackle  those  railroad freebooters.   The case referred  to above is a glaring one, yet if the officials of the district have made any attempt to stop  this destruction of  public  property the fact is not known.   The people themselves should take tho matter in  hand.   They can, under the provincial Act  for  the "Better .Regulation of Traffic on  Highways," ha ve tho contractor and every  man working for him arrested, jailed, and  iined   for "willfully placing or keeping  "any obstruction in any part of anyhigh-  "way, whether by day or by night."   Section 12 of the "Railway Act" of Canada  reads:    "The railway shall not be carried  " along any existing highway, but shall  " m erely/cross the same in the line of the  " railway, unless leave has been obtained  "from the pi-oper municipal or local au-  " thority therefor; and no obstruction of  "such highway Avith the works shall be  " made -without turning the highway so  " as to leave an open and good passage for  "carriages,   and, .011   completion of the  "works,    replacing   the   highway;   and  " every company which violates the provision   of   this   section   shall   incur  a  "penalty of not less than forty dollars i'or  " each such"violation."  From the above the people can act; and  if they do not, then they deserve to bo imposed upon.  THE   CHURCH   IN   POLITICS.  The one thing disgusting to tho average  man in Canada is the interference of the  church in politics. This or that church  considers itself entitled to this or that  office, and if it does not get what it considers itself entitled to parties and governments are .disrupted. At present tin  unseemly fight is being made over the  vacant wardenship of the British Columbia penitentiary. "Warden McBride  resigned some time ago, and the deputy  warden, a Mr. Fitsisiminons, was slated  for the succession. Mr. Fit/.sininions is a  good Catholic, as is the premier of Canada  and a whole host of subordinate officials,  and he relied on this influence to pull liim.  through. But it seems that Mr. Fitzsim-  jnons is too zealous a churchman; that lie  wtis wont, while deputy warden to extend  favors to the Catholic church that ho did  not extend to tho Church of Knglaiid, or  to the Presbyterian, or to the Methodist,  or to the Baptist, or to any one of tlie  other of the numerous churches that have  organizations in the church-ridden town  adjacent to the penitentiary. .Hence the  opposition   to his  appointment.   If Mr.  Fit/.simmons" has no other qualification  for the position he seeks than being an  ardent churchman, then the position  should bo given to somebody else. If he  has qualifications fitting bini for the position, he would not call on the church for  aid, i'or no self-respecting man will mix  his religion with hi.s politics.  A   GENTLE   HINT.  With this number the subscribers Avho  had faith enough "mTKflT iiruu-vrc mantigc-  lno'nfc on tho 2'lth of hist November to pay  one dollar for a year's subscription will  have received their dollar's worth (or fifty-  two issues) of tho TniRUXR. if they retain the faith of a year ago they can subscribe i'or another .year; but if they have  not that faith the followiugbits of poetry  anil prose may give it to them:  AX AI'I'K.vr. IX  FOKTJIV.  Lives of poor men oft remind us  IIonesL men won't stand a chance.  The more we work there grow behind us  Bigger patches on our pants.  On our pants, once new and glossy.  Now are slripo of dillei-cii!, hue,  All because subscribers linger  And won'I pay us what is due.  Then lei all be up and doing;  Send your mite, however .small.  Or, when snows of winler .strike us,  Wc shall have no punts aL all.  A XKW (JAM H   WORTH  THVIXO.  There is a new game called "Editors Delighl," and is  plavccl in this wi-.c: Take 11 sheet of ordinary writing  paper, fold carefully, and enclose a banknote su/liciontly  large to pav all arrears and one year in advance. What  adds handsomely lo the game is to send.along lhe name  of a new subscriber or two accompanied by the cash.  Try it once.   Americans must be real proud of their  president:, that president who first  nullified the Chinese Registration Act,  then nullified the purchase clause of the  Sherman Act, then forced the repeal of  the same clause by despotic methods, then  attempts to place a deposed strumpet on  the throne of a neighboring nation. Oh,  the Americans are indeed a- simple  minded people, but they have a single  minded despot for president.  While there is, as yet, no great intci'est  manifested in West Kootenay over the  next election for member of tho legislative assembly, one thing can be considered  as settled, that is, tlmfc the member elected  will be a. resident of the district. No nonresident has a ghost of a show, not even  if the non-resident was'the premier himself.    THE   FUTURE    OP    SILVER    PRODUCTION.  The Review of Reviews for October  contains an article by professor Andrews  of Providence. Rhode Island, on "The  Future of Silver-Production." Professor  Andrews was one of the delegates from  the United States to the Monetary Conference at Brussels, Belgium, last spring,  anil is an advocate of bimetallism. The  article is too long to print in the Tribune,  but the following extracts will allow the  reader to form his own conclusions as to  the merits of the article:  "One most serious result of the Sherman silver purchase law has boon the'abnormal stimulation of silver production.  This has given people notacquainted with  the facts, an altogether mistaken notion  touching the probable yield of silver  mines for the-coming years. Under the  spur of the Sherman law the price of silver at one time reached $1.19 per ounce.  Silver miners then expected it to go as  high as $1.29, nor did this hope fade until  the end of last June, when the free coinage of silver Avas suspended in India.  There was at the same time a lurking fear  that the rise might be succeeded by another fall. In consequence all sorts of  mines have been worked, the poorest with  the best. Waste 'dumps' and low grade  'dumps' have been' diligently picked over  or sorted to glean the bits of 'pay' con-  tai ned, and 'a'-large amount of silver placed  on the market at a downright loss. It  follows that'the-output for the last.three  years is no guide/whatever in forming an  opinion of how .much silver we may expect, if mining is resumed, to see taken  out in future In no likely case, probably  not even should silver be coined freely at  10 to 1 by the United States alone, can our  silver mines put Out for the next fifteen  years so large an annual product as since  the Sherman law went into ell'oct.  No new transportation facilities will be  created in the silver mining regions of tlie  United States for a long time to come.  The extraordinary silver output< since 187-3  is due, more than to any other one thing,  to tho construction of railways. Our  present abundance of silver is thus tin incident of that American enterprise which  could not rest till the two shores of our  mighty continent were tied together.  The railways tributary to the silver industry are now trembling for their existence. Fach of them will be fortunate  not to be in a receiver's hands by New  Year's. Whether such misfortune impends or not, they cannot) in the near  future be in any condition to undertake  now construction.  " What may. be called the topographical  conditions of mining are becoming more  ad verse. The prospect of discovering new  mining camps in the United States is exceedingly slight. There is probably little  accessible territory in tho Rocky mountains which has not boon son relied. Prospectors holes clot the mountains everywhere. If new camps should bo discovered, they will certainly be so remote  as to make the cost of development equal  to or in excess of tho reward. The production of tho future must come nuiinly  from mines or districts now known.  "Ore that runs loss than 40 ounces per  ton is usually classed as low grade, (iood  ore runs from 40 to 100 ounces. All ores  running over 100 ounces are high grade  ores. Almost universally, silver ores  grow poorer as the mines go deeper. To  this rule the exceptions are rare and  marked.     liven   when   the  deeper ores  show no important falling off in silver  value, they are apt to prove more and  more refractory until at last they do not  pay for smelting. This has boon the case  at the famous Broken Hill mine in Australia. After having for some time  yielded over 12.000,000 ounces of silver a  year, much of its' mineral became so associated with-zinc and other sulphides,  that it could not bo smelted, at a' profit.  At greater depth the ores of the A. Y.  and JMinuio mine tit Leaclville, Colorado,  .showed the same refractory character of  those of Broken Hill. Three years ago it  was' one of tho -most productive silver  properties in the country, yoc before the  recent crisis it had been abandoned on account of the zinc and other sulphides  with which the ores had become associated  at depth.  "The smelting of good ores is becoming  more and more costly, and the advance in  cost appears certain to continue. The  smelting element most commonly lacking  now in silver ores���a lack already serious  and rapidly increasing���is lead. There is  plenty of'lead in the country, but its  weight; adds immensely to its cost so soon,  as it has to be transported. Jt is in such  demand that tit any of the smelting works  load ores so poor in silver as otherwise to  be useless find ready stile on account of  their lead, which they contain in surplus  of that necessary to smelt them, and for  the reason that' they therefore furnish  leatl for the "dry* ores in the mixture.  Ores rich in load are often treated without-  cost, or at much less than the usual cost,  for the sake of the load contained. There  arc causes notconuocted with tho scarcity  ol. load or with the increasing refractoriness of ores which are certain'to increase  the cost of smelting in "the future'. Like  silver mining at all the poorer mines, sil-  A'er smelting, too, has been for years carried on' at a loss. This is the universal  testimony of tho smelters, and I believe  it to be true.  "'Another item in the cost of silver, one  which a .tenderfoot would  be quite sure  to overlook, is the cost of timber. ��� Fully  half   tho   length of   workings'   in   every  instance, and often a, greater proportion,  has to be timbered, and the timbers used  needs bo at least  twelve inches square.  The   whole   country   in   the   vicinity'of  mines long worked has been stripped bare  of trees.   Looking in every direction from  Leadville one sees hardly a tree six inches  in diameter.   To most of-the mines timbers can  of course  be  brought by  rail,  and this is already done on a hirgc scale;  but the freight bill is hea.vy.anil must increase with 1 lie increasing length of haul.  "For several years hardly a silver mine  in the country,   rich or poor, -litis  boon  operated   in a healthy  manner.     Minos  have been ���skinned,' as it is called, worked  for all they could bo made to yield for the  month or  year, instead of being  'developed.'as would have boon  done but  for  the fear that silver might fall.    This has  enormously a.nd very abnormally swollen  the product.    1 venture to say that half  or more of the mines  recently in Avork  have thus been made to yield  more  per  year than   they can  by any   possibility  over . yield  again.     Such  squeezing has  been resorted to not alone in anticipation  of a fall, but also, very largely to  ���bull'  mining slocks.    Under such pressure  not  only   has  the real  production  of  mines  often  boon   prodigious, but tho reputed  production,  Avhether gross or per ton of  ore,  has  boon fabulous in the   extreme.  Among the  mines overwrought   in   this  way many have been kept open at a, loss,  tho proprietors having" toiled on,   hoping  to make their loss a little less than total.  Such efforts, now hopeless,  have ceased:  Avhile 'many  mines,  closed   but  not yet  dead, will, when started, be operated loss  profitably    than    heretofore.     To   shut  clown work means much more to  a  mine  than to a factory.    So simple a  matter is  it  for a. manufacturing corporation   to  resume work, that in slack times  the opportunity to closedown is often hailed .as  a positive blessing.    Not so with a mine.  If a ' wet' property it must be incessantly  pumped,.day and night, at great cost, or  permitted-to-fill with water, involving a  cost vastly greater  still   when work  is  resumed.    In any case 'machinery deteriorates,   timbers rot,   workings cave in,  shafts squeeze out of line, and the neighboring 'honest miner' generally packs off  such property as nuiy bo portable.   .;.  "The power used in mining cannot but  ad vance in cost. I am told that the ma n-  ufacturers have been furnishing nitro-��  glycerine powders' at less than cost to  help prevent the closure of the mines,  dreaded as certain to deprive them of an  extensive market. This will no longer be  done. Power for drilling will be dearer  rather than cheaper. Compressed air is  the chief agent employed for this work,  and the cost of it increases Avith the depth  attained in tlie mine. There is at present  no prospect, that .electricity-will cheapen  this item. No practical electric drill has  yet been invented. There is an electric  pump Avhich proves very successful for  lifting water from stations, butolectricity  does not as yet bid fair to rival steam in  portable sinking .pumps, which must be  employed in sinking shafts. However,  it does not pay to use electricity even for  lifting. It would be unprofitable to introduce-electricity for any mining process unless it weve available for all, for it  is evident that the -maintenance of different kinds of power (steam, compressed  air and electricity) for hoisting, drilling  and pumping would be entirely impracticable.  "Of course, the question whether a  future groat output of silver is in store  does not turn upon silver prospects in the  United States alone, because Mexico and  South America, have mines destined to be  Very productive. But there is no prospect that they can under any circumstances much increase their quota, at any  proximate time, and it is as good as certain that they cannot do this in the next  ten or fifteen'years. The groat output of  Mexico for the last few years is explained  in considerable part by the same causes  ;is our own, and, like our own, cannot  continue. Tho Mexicans still mine and  smelt by antique methods, and have little  of the energy or the capital necessary to  improve them. Tho difficulty of exchange between Mexico anil the richer  nations, induced by the demonetization  of silver, renders it nearly impossible for  her to borrow, and is at the same time  turning Mexican industry away from sil  ver mining into many new channels. In  respect to silver .production JHexico still  stands nearly Avhere Ave stood a quarter  century ago, Avith the important differ-  once that she has no moans of securing  tlie unlimited capital which has been so  readily, even recklessly, loaned to, our  West for the development of mines and  of approaches to thorn.  "The above has a close bearing upon a  proposed solution.of the-silver question  to which many are now turning. J mean  free coinage at some ratio lower than ](i:l.  Despairing of international action for  free coinage at .10:J, and thinking free  coinage! by us alone at that ratio unsafe,  not a, few are considering tho advisability  of United States free coinage at, stiy. I8:i,  or 20:1. Upon tho general, many-sided  and difficult question whether such a  course would be wise. 1 do not here enter;'  but that a ratio of 20:1 would be safe, in  tho sense that it would not result in the  expulsion of our gold, I believe to be certain.  "Tho ratio of 20:1 values silver at $1:03  (exactly $1,032) an ounce, a. trillc under  i ts a.verage price for the year 185)0 ( exactly  $1.0-1(533 per ounce). Moreover, for the  years since, about twenty-four and a half  times as many kilograms of silver as of  gold have been taken from the Avorld's  mines. Now, if the receipt of over $1.03  per ounce for silver, with the promise of  much more held out by the early operation of tho Sherman law, and not relinquished until lately, litis, under the exceptionally- favorable conditions of those  yeai's. called from tho earth only twenty-  four and a half times as many kilos of silver as ha.A'o boon produced of gold, such a  price, understood to be permanent and so  without hope of increase, Avould, amid  the vastly loss favorable circumstances  uoAv existing and .destined to exist, bring  to light much Jess than twenty-four and a  half times the weight of silver which will  bo produced of gold, and probably mot  over twenty times. I conclude that at  tho ratio 20:1 tho production of silver  could not be expected to surpass that of  gold. In fact it-would, I behove, bo much  more likely to Jail beloAV this, sending silver to a premium as before 1873."  GOOD   THINGS   IN   VERSE.  Occasionally a good thing is got off in  verse, and the following verses are all  good. "Contempt of Court" is by that  satrist, Ambrose Bicrcc, Avho has Avrittcn  more cutting paragraphs than any other  man on tho Pacific coast. "Contempt of  Court'" satarizes a San Francisco judge,  named Sea well, and fits equally avoII  some of the learned judges avIio dispense  justice in British Columbia. "Christian  Science'' is a poetical waif from tho Fast,  where only a pretty christian could live  and hnvc such foolish ideas. "English  Maids" is from Gilbert and Sullivan's now  opera. "Utopia (Limited)," which was  recently presented at the Savoy theatre  in London.    Contempt ol' Court.  Judge Seawell. [ .1111 LoKl yon sent  A man lo iu'Noii lately  JSuauso '.lie niiin wns impudent,  And sinned against you greatly.  Von aru" so still'and stalely  ITe must be very bold who dares  To speak al all before yon.  Small wonder such behavior scares���  .Small wonder should i( "lloor" you.  Such dignity you have. il. .-.lilts tlie din  Of even Alexander Campbell's ebin.  J I. was a witness whom you ja'ilod���  At lcn.-l. i-o goes the story.  Tn reverence lor you he'd failed  And spoke his mind.    What's more, be  Scorned Campbell's oratOry���  Campbell, a mini who keeps for hire  A tongue or two:���men tear bini,  And e\eii the angels duii'l aspire  To go ion iic.ii- niin.  This nardy witness feared not him nor his,  And said he was ti liar.    Well, he is.  Not in the sen.,e that hoodlums use  Thai very bad o:;presnion���  To signify' impleading- views   '"���'  About one's mere obsession ..  By the spirit of transgression.      i_ "   .  i\'o, he'Ji .not lie (that is aliowed)  Tn any wanton fashion��� ���   ���  ���  Because he's'pirjued, because lie's proud,  Because he's in a passion.  Tlc'll tell a falsehood only for a fee. '  - "What! shall he starve instead? isot lie, not he.  That's neither here nor there; the man  Was punished for resenling  Insulting words from one who can  At pleasure be lorniontiiig,  Undo, brutal, unrelenting,  Willi all ininiunily from blame���'  Kvcii in your Honor's hoaxing.   .  J lay .foul with hints a maids good name,  And madden nlen by sneering���  In short, a lawyer.   Hid you ever chide  One of that gang for saying a witness lied?  Contempt of court?   1st' not contempt  When an attorney, spurning  The laws of decency���exempt  From laws of Love and learning-  Goes on for hours attorning?  Why is it not contempt when Vie,  Of Nun and God delianl, ���'���  Defames a witness for a fee.  Or lauds a scurvy client? '  Does Justice need such dirty work? My view,  Judge, if you'think so is���tho jail needs you!  Christian Science.  She was a pretty Christian Scientist;  ���'There is nothing real," said she.  "Kxcepl the soul.   My body is not real,"  "And that's too bad," thought he.  "Pain is not real; this hammock is not real.  Wherein you think 1 sit."  Lo! as she spoke tho hammock's fastenings broke,  And throw her out of it.  Full hard she bumped her inunalerial form,  Who could but sympathize.  Tie begged thai she would let a heretic  i'retend lo help her rise.  Then oh, tlie scorn of her rejection was  A something wholly real.  And oh, the limp with which she walked away,  l.'roeiainied thai she could feel.  English Maids.  Although of native maids the cream,  We re brought up on the Kngiish scheme���  The best of all.  ii'or great and small.  Who modestly adore.  For Kngiish gi.ils are good as gold,  Kxtremely modest (so we're told),  Demurely coy���divinely cold-  And we are that���and more.  To please papa, who argues thus-  All girls should mold themselves on us  Because we are,  Hv furlongs far,  "  The best of all lhe bunch.  AVe show (Piii-sclvcs to loud applause;  From I en lo four without a pause���  Which is an awkward lime, because  11 cuts into our lunch.  Oil, maids of high nnd low degree.  Whose, social code is rather free,  [Mease look nt us and you will see  Whirl, good young ladies ought to be!  ' Ili-r soul is sweet as the occiui air.  lief prudery knows no haven (hern;  To llinl niock-uiodcsty, plcusc apply  To lhe conscious blush and the downcast eye.  Itieh in Lhe things contentment, brings,  Ju every pure enjoyment wealthy;  Blithe as a beautiful bird she sings.  For body and mind are halo anil healthy.  Her eyes lliey thrill with right good-will���  Tier heart is light as a dealing feather���  As pure and bright as the mountain rill  That leaps and laughs in the Highland heather!  So search the world and search tho sea,  'Then come you home and sing with me;  There's no such gold and no such pearl  As a bright, and beautiful Kngiish girl!  (Notary   Public)  AND  ESTATE      ~~  BROKER,  AUCTIONEER and COMMISSION AGENT        Ki;i'ju-:si-:NTr\o        The Confcderalion Bifc Association,  ThePhfonix Fire Insurance Company,  The Provident Fund Accident Company;  ALSO.  The Sandy Croft Foundry Company, near Chester, T5n_-  land, makers of all kinds of mining machinery, air  compressors, rock breakers, stamps, elc.  Jowett Building, Victoria Street,  _<r_tiXjS03sr, _3. c.  That New Denver is the coming town in inland British  Columbia is beyond question,  and it is the only town in  the Province in which speculators have a chance to operate. The following are  bargains:  The north half"of lot S block 5 (25 feet  frontage), $450, $300 cash, balance in  six months; no back payment to the  government. Lot 9 bloek 12 (50 feet  frontage), $600, S326 cash, the balance  to the government. Lot 7 bloek 14 [50  feet frontage], $600, $520 cash, the  balance to the government.  ohn Houston & Co.  NIOLSON.  or D. B BOGLE, New Denver.  TIEZZE  TT  Iir.   Cnn*  ieiij seetiooai. mm  (I'atenls applied for in Canada and U,'S.)  Can be set up by two men in  two days and ta,ken apart  toy one man in ten hours.  Specially constructed for  packing1 over mountain  trails.  Tiiopcagiily Tested Before Leaving Shop.  Kor prices, etc., apply to  -U  Kaslo, B. C,  or The Kootenay & Columbia P. & M. Co.,  Bell Telephone Buildinc;, Ollawa, Ontario.  _____  The following are the owners of lhe "Victoria" and  "I'rincc Uonsoii''iilaecr claiuiri on Salmon river, in Nelson minim,' division of West  ICootwiiay di.'lriel, British  Colunihia:   S. .1. IUiU'OUM ICK, one-third iiii.oresl;  \AV) SUTOlc. one-third interest;  ItUDOIilMI OOIlKOW", one-third interest.  Anyone doing work on the above-mentioned claims-, or  fiirnishiii},' supplies for the .same, niiisl look for payment  to the iiarlv ordurini? lhe same.  RUDOU'H GOIUvOW,  By A. Mueller, his attorney-in-facl.  .Salmon River, IS. C, October ail.li, IS��:i.  DISSOLUTION   OF   COPARTNERSHIP.  The partnership heretofore existing between the un-  dersiKneil, under the llrni name of Wilson {< I'ci-due, is  dissolved from and nftcr lhe dale of this notice. The  business which the firm conducted al Nelson and ICtislo  will hereafter be carried on by W. .1. Wilson for his own  account. All debts due the firm must be settled by cash  or note within thirty days from this date, either of the  undersigned being aulhorixed to make .setllcnients and  give receipts.  Dated al Nelson, British Columbia, this Hlsl day of October, IS!��.  Witness: AV. J. WILSON*,  .loii.v Houston'. WILLIAM VKUUVK.  NOTICE^ :  The undersigned hereby gives notice Unit \ will not  be responsible for the payment of debts ennu-aelod by  Kate .May or any olhes person unlesr such debts were, or  are, contracted by orders bearing my signal lire.  T, B. MAI.  Nelson, B. C, October 28th, 1S03.  There is a splendid opening at Bear  Lake City for anyone who will open a  general store. One hundred men are  now employed in the, mines in th.e immediate vicinity, and the "forces will  soon be doubled. Contracts have been ���  let for hauling ore from the Washington  and Dardanelles mines, with headquarters for the packers and teamsters  at Bear Lake City, where the necessary  barns, stables, etc., are being erected.  Hayes & Kane have twenty men making a trail to the Miner Boy mine. The,'  Lucky Jim is being worked. The silver  question cuts no figure with the Bear  Lake,, mines. None of them are idle.  This notice applies only to merchants  who are prepared to carry a full and  complete stock of general merchandise.  Come and investigate for yourself. For  further information address  GORMAN WEST,  or FRANK B. HARPER.  Bear Lake City, B. C.  TO THE  and  The Kootenay Country is 300  Miles nearer the ilastei'n  States'ar.cl Canada via Eon-  iiei-'s   Ferry   than   any  other  route.  U/ES  ar?d  s  OiI5)i  Boat connections are made at  Bonner's Ferry with tx'ains  On the  GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY  I'Vir Spokane. Paget Sound, Montana points, St. Paul,  'Chicago and points in Canada and the Ka.slorn Stales.  Pa'ace Sleeping and Dining eurs-. Family Tourist, cars,  Bullet-Library cars. Free Colonist cars daily between .St.  Paul, Monitor's Ferry. Spokane," and Seattle. Through  sleepers to Ohicago.  For further information apply to the oflicers of the  bouts on tlie Conner's Ferry run: to P. Casey, agenl,  Clival. N'ort hern Hail way, Bonner's Ferry, Idaho; 11. II.  Si. John, general agent, Spokane, Wash.; 11. O. Slovens,"  city passenger and ticket agenl, Seattle, Wash.; IT. fi.  MeMickon, general agent. "J Iving street oust, Toronto,  Qui.; or V. I. Whitney, general passenger and liekefc  agent, St. Paul. Jlinn.  Slocan Trading & Navigation Company, Ltd.  ^__^-r__:_=v^___.ai_^fS_&_i--->^-  The company's Al passenger and freight steamer  W. HUNTER  0. L. KSTARltOOLC Music  LKAVHS XKW  DKXVKU daily for  Silvcrton   (Four  Mile Citv) end head of Slocan lake, returning to N'ew  Denver liv li P. M.  FOIl IiATF.-S applv on board.  W. C. ilcICINXOX. Secretary.  June, 2I--t, ISR'5. Silverlon, B.C.  W    T   WIT 0  !_  riJLLuuii.  m  JiAT markets  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboats with {ymU meats, and deliver same ni any mine  or landing in   Lhe   Kootenay   Lake country.  NELSON Office and Market, 11 East Bakor St.  KASLO MARKET, li'roiit Street.  S.URNS, ��� McINNES & GO.  wholesale and retail dealers in stock imd dressed  meats, have��� opened in the Barrett block. West  liaker street, NKLSOX. mid are prepared to  furnish, - in any quantify, ..beef. pork, mutton,  veal, bacon, and ham, at the lo.wcst possible price  FOR GASH ONLY.  Orders'- Promptly^' Filled,  PIANOS  G.  JAMBS MoDOPiD & ;CI  Nelson and Kaslo.  Carry complete lines of Furniture, as well as manufacture  eveoy grade of Mattresses.  They also carry Pianos and  Organs.    Undoi-lnking.  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Henclpyx Street, Nelson.  A full stock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry.  clear Iir Mooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN,- Proprietor.  HENRY DAV/ES, Agent.  LOTS FOR SALE IN  "A"  Adjoining the government towns!to of Nelson,  AT'$125 and UPWARDS,  with a rebate I'or buildings erected.   The best residential  properly in Nelson.    Value sure to increiise.  Apply to  -:-   W. A. JOWETT,    -:-  Mining- and   Real   Estate   Broker. Auctioneer  and Commission Agent,  Agont for Nelson  and   West Kootenay District, or to  1NNKS & lMUJJAKDS, Vancouver, B. C.  fi  I . w. ��� I.    .  jW_"tJ y ^e<J-"?wv:^v.^-^x-.'t-^tt5'  ��� w*  ���'���!'.  ���>   > rilS  TRIBUNE:   NELSON,' B. 0.,-. THURSDAY,  rv  NOVEMBER  -10,  1893.  O  tesrzytrcm   sets  _ncn-___  GENERAL   MERCHANT.  AGE?  rrr\  ���wf".  3  Capital,  Best,  all paid  up,     -  $i2?oeo,ooo  6,000,000  Sir DONALD  A.   SMITH   Hon.  OHO. A.  URUMAIOND,  K. S. OLOUSTOX    President,   Vice-I'residcnt  .General Manager  ii[ 01  ^F  British  iOLUMBIA  HANK   GOOD'S   CRIME .AND   FORFEIT.  '    (Incorporated by Itoynl Olmi'ler. 1SG2.)  Capital (paid up) ��000,000     .       $2,920,000  (Willi  ]>owor to incrcaric.)  Resei've Fund   -   ��260,000    .       $1,265,333  _TSLSO_T   BJR^_3STCI-_   -  N.W. Cop. Baker and Stanley Streets.        IlItAXCIIISS  IN       LONDON  (England),   NEW YOIIS:    CHICAGO,  and in the principal cities in Canada.  uy and sell Sterling Exchange and Cable Transfers.  C5I4ANT COMMERCIAL AXll TltAVi:r���T,HKS' CUICDITS,  ,    available in any part of the world.  DUAi-rs issued; com.icctio.vs made; ktc'.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  UATE OK IXTICHICST'lat present) 31 Per Cent.  HOT   SPRINGS   SWINDLERS.  3Sr_3.T_S03>T   BEANCH,.  Cor. linker and Stanley Sts.  fCAXARA.-  fipQJlplinC! I        Wreslmiii  ��� Viel orin,   Vancouver.    New  inster, Nuiiiiiiiio, and Kamloops  ) STATK8���Sim  i'Vancisco,  Port-  hind, Tacoma, and Seattle.  nRAD  OFFICE:  (10  Lombard slreel. JLO.VnoX".  Kn_.  Ag-ents and Correspondents  CANADA���Merchants' Bank of Canada and branches:  ' Canadian Hank of Commerce a ml branches;  �� Imperial Hank of Canada and branches;  Molson's Hank and branches;  Hunk of Nova Scotia and brunches.  UN* IT HI)   STATlOS-^-Agenls   Canadiaii   Bank of  Commerce,  Now   York;   Hank of Nova Scotia,  Chicago; Traders' National Hank, Spokane.  .SAVINGS    DEPARTMENT.  Deposits received from   .?!  and upwards and   interest  allowed (present rate) at 3$ per cent per annum.  ' Nelson, .Inly 17th, 1KB. * GTfAXGR V. TIOLT, Agent.  Where Humanity Is Divided Into Two Classes,  Suckers and Non-Suckers.  There is a fierce light between the leading citizens of Hot Springs. -Arkansas,  and the element in sympathy with the  system of hotel and doctor drumming.  The drumming system has so long prevailed in Hot Springs that it will require  a, supreme effort Lo suppress'it. A petition to the city council has been signed  by nearly a thousand citizens of Jfoc  Springs, praying that body to repeal the  present ordinance licensing drumming  and to adopt some measure, the enforcement of. which will break up the business  a,s it is now carried on. and it "will be presented and receive attention a.t the next  regular meeting of the council.  Tlie council, however, finds itself in a  dilemma. A pronibitory ordinance cannot be enacted because- its provisions  ���would bo in opposition to the constitutional rights of citizenship..'. Neither can  it pass an ordinance "regulating" drumming by the imposition of a license "taxing it out of existence" for such action  ���would be construed -as'prohibitory, and,  .therefore unjust and illegal.' The rlifli-  cuity lies in the abuses of tlie system,  -which are difficult to reach, since tlie majority of visitors would rather submit to  the swindle than to obtain the notoriety  a.'..maintenance of their rights by 'legal  process would incur, in the mean time  the drummer remains master of the situation.  The Hot Springs drummer is the urbane  a,nd oily bongued individual who meets  you as an incoming pilgrim, with guile in  his heart and a smile on his countenance,  anywhere  anything that is offered without even  stopping" to question if the bait is palatable or not. Y\rhy, you would bo surprised if you could see how easily they tire  led. and with what unfaltering trust they  accept the statements of those who work  them for their stuff.  ���"Talk about our being "' Bunco stcerers'  bcca.use   we  take  them  to doctors   who  jtand  ���with  ns  don't have  to  on tlie railroad-at Malvern or  between Mot Springs and Little Hock or  Texarktinti. There is a small-army ,of  'these drummers, and they do their work  -with skill which is the result of long experience and study of the art of "lauding  a sucker."  The drummer 'lias a thousand and one  ways of introducing'himself, to you: it  niay.be as a: visitor en routeto the springs,  or as an agent for one of the many hotels  of the city, in any event you become acquainted with him, and by his affability  he soon Avins your confidence^ Before  you are aware of \b you are playing at the  eiul of his line. You consent to go to the  hotel lie recommends, and accompany him  thither. He humors your whims and  makes you feel at home, and all the while  is endeavoring to gauge the size of your  pile and planning some scheme by which  to work you for m. liberal share of it. He  is prone to give advice, yet he does it in  so unobtrusive a manner that you are unaware of the- influence brought to bear  upon you, for tin exceWent judge of human  nature is the smooth drummer.  lie suggests a walk in the city to see the  sights, and before you return to the hotel  he has succeeded in steering you first to  a doctor, then to a bath house, drug store,  and possibly to a snorting' resort or  gambling house; and if you by this time  arc not relieved of ti goodly sized wad of  cash it is not the fault of the drummer  who has had you in tow or his con federate. This man receives as his part of the  money you have paid to the doctor from  one-half to three-fifths, and a similar percentage of all the cash you have paid out  at any and all of the other places against  which you have been steered.  Conversing the other evening with a  member of this delectable colony the  writer clicked some information that may  be interesting- and serviceable to some  ��� reader who contemplates a, trip to the  springs for the first, time.  "Do you know," he said, "that the average person who comes to Hot Springs is  really worse than a sucker, for he" bites at  steer! Nine out often request us to recommend some physician to them, and it.  is but natural for us to endorse those who  make it to our interest to do so."  "Von must find it very profitable," ventured the writer.  ���'.("II tell you," he replied, "if it were  not for the 'fruit' there is in it there  would no.t be much to recommend the  business."  fie i;hcn went on to state that a .prom incut hotel man here had offered him a,  stated salary per week, together with all  incidental expenses, if he would solicit  patronage, and. in addition, would give  him one-half of tlie "fruit."'  This "fruit." it should be understood, is  a term applied to the bonus given by  physicians for each ptu-icnt brought to"  them. For instance, a drummer "steers"  tlie viccim to the "sawbones"' whose  regular fee for -consultation and treatment siiould not be.a-bove $25 per month,  and "lie is .charged $50 to $100 per month  or niore, simply for the reason that he  .knows no better, and one-half or more of  this amount goes to the drummer for his  -influence.  The proprietors or managers of some of  the hotels not only countenance the outrage, but lend their influence, and quite  frequently steer a few of their guests  themselves, and afterward they ami their  drummers divide the spoils. Typical of  hundreds of others, the following is a case  in point as to the lengths to which tliis  thing'is carried:  'About ten days ago a stranger arrived in  the city and naiuraily fell into thehandsof  one of this gen try, and was steered agai nst  a "doctor."   The man was not suffering  from Jiny disease such as the doctor told  him!'.had 'never experienced  any of the  symptoms indicated,   but   the   "doctor"  actually induced him to pay him  $100 in  cash.    Then he performed an "operation"  on the man, from the eifects of which he  nearly died, i\nd   is  now confined to his  room, while the quack -and his drummer  confederate  congratulate   themselves oil  having- "done up a sucker for a hundred."  There tire about a dozen good, reliable  physicians  in   the city  who   depend   on  legitimate practice, being  too honorable  in their profession to stoop to the methods  of their unscrupulous competitors.    It is  worthy of note that no reliable physician  in Hot Springs employs or has anything  to do with these men who lie in wait for  prey in the manner above described.    It  is a'safe rule in coining to Hot Springs to  obtain a letter of introduction from your  home physician to some professional confrere in Hot Springs, then listen to what  nobody says  until you   have  placed the  letter in the hands of the doctor to whom  it is addressed, no  matter what- is  told  you.    The Hot Springs drummer is liable  to meet you in any guise, and is the most  plausible scoundrel in the image of man.  I a.m told that even certain banks throughout the country are provided with "letters  of introduction" to certain doctors at Hot  Springs, and when a visitor seeks information of the banker, whom  he supposes to  be perfectly reliable, he is steered straight  to some doctor who may or may not be a  quack.  Repeated efforts have been unule by  legislation to break the drumming system  up, but without a.vail; indeed, it has  thereby become all the more firmly intrenched. The drumming element in the  past has even controlled municipal legislation favorable to the system, and notwithstanding all the drumming that litis  been done here in the lace of ail verse laws,  the writer lias never known ol aca.se of  doctor drumming in the city courts where  it fine was assessed against a drummer.  That gentleman generally emerges from  the ordeal void of offence in the eyes of  the law and bears himself as the injured  party.  A Choctaw Indian Who Voluntarily Gave His  Life Without a Sisn oi" Fear.  Captain Frank Williams of the Texas  rangers gives an excellent account of the  remarkable execution of Hank' Good, a  thoroughbred Choctaw Indian, which occurred September 25t'h in the Choctaw  reservation. ,  "I.never dreamed I was going to see one  of the bravest acts 1 ever witnessed in my  life when 1 went to see Flank Good shot,"  captain Williams said, "i was in the  reservation when flank committed the  murder for which he gave up his life, and  1 had a great curiosity to see how he  would act when the time came for him to  pay the penalty.  "The murder TIauk committed occurred  February i)th.   1S0H.    Two   whiskey   pod-'  dlei'.s,  named Isaac Green ban in and  Solomon   Hoppenstcin,   were    the   victims.  They had been in the habit of stealing into the reservation about once a  month  and selling whiskey to the  "Indians.    (Jn-  this   particular   night they entered   the  territory with two small casks of whiskey.  Hank saw them when he came in, anil he  then and there determined to get'his.fill I  of  /ire   Avater  that   night "or  know  the  reason why.    He watched them and   followed them to a lonely place, where they  secured   their   whiskey,   wrapped    their  blankets around them a.tui went to sleep.  When they were slumbering soundly he  stole upon them,  and it could   not have  taken him long to  relieve them of their  scalps.   He found the wiiiskey, drank to  his   heart's   content,    and   enjoyed    the  warmth of the fire the peddlers' had built.  Hank made no attempt  to escape or conceal  his crime, but  remained  there and  drank   until   he  was   stupid.     About  10  o'clock the next morning, as J was passing  along the road with a. squad of the White  Horse Ave came upon the horrible sight.  Hank was lying across the dead bodies of  hi.s victims and one of the whiskey casks  was clasped   in his arms.   We tried  to  arouse him,   but could   not,  and bad  to  carry  him   to   the   headquarters   of the  reservation.   They locked  Hank  up. and  it was  three days before he  was sober  enough to be arraigned before the Indian  judge and jury.  "On the third day after the murder  Think was brought up for trial. Hank  made no defence. He did. not seem to  feel sorry, either, for having committed  the crime. It was the first time in his life  that he had had enough whiskey. . Tlie  jury soon decided that Hank-'was"guilty  and should.be shot. It took into consideration the fact'that. Hank-'was the  most .popular and best looking young  buck in the nation, and recommended  htm to the mercy of the judge. The judge  finally"sentenced .him to be'shot to death  at noon, September.25th. Hank took an  oath to appear at that hour under a big  oak tree and pay the penal t v. They then  allowed him to depart."  "Were they afraid he would never return?"  "Not in the least. A full-blooded Choctaw was never known to break his oath."  "Well," captain Williams continued,  "Hank did not leave the nation, but three  days afterward lie got married and commenced to. work as hard to get land and  horses as a man who expected to live fifty  years.' In a few months he was one of  the most prosperous yoinijg men in the  tribe and lived.apparently happy.  "The mouths slowly passed, and as the  time drew near for Hank to be shot the  Indians commenced to get excited. They  were all anxious to see how he would act.  Hank never referred to the matter and  kept on working up to the day before the  one which was to be his last on earth.  "The fatal morning tit last arrived. It  was a holiday on the reservation, and  long before noon all the members of the  nation weve in the vicinity of the big oak-  tree, dressed in till tin; finery they could  command. Hank was on the scene eniiv.  arrayed >u his best, and an hour before  the execution he danced with all the  squaws. He never glanced at the pine  collin on which he was to kneel and be  killed.  "Fxactly at noon he left his familv,  and, with head erect and a smile upon his  face, he walked to the'coffin and knelt  upon the lid. The sheriff had not yet nr-  rived, but Hank was there and waiting.  The sheriff finally came, and walking  over to Hank, he starter! to bind a while  cloth around 'Hunk's eyes. Hank tore it  off, and motioned the'sherilT back. Vou  should have seen the Indians look tit him.  Fvery oueadmired his nerve-.  '"'The sheriff stepped back several feet,  drew his revolver, and took deliberate  aim. Hank smiled and glanced down the  glistening barrel without moving a  muscle. In 'another second the sheriff  fired and a ball crashed into Hank's brain,  directly between the eyc-s. He quivered  ti second and fell over dead into tho coffin."  "What became of Hank's wife?"  "Oh, she married a good-looking voting  buck the next day."  posed to rule over us must, needs keep  highly-paid ministers, whose every moment should be devoted to the service  of ��� the_ nation dangling at her heels,  the while she takes her ease some  <)00 miles from the seat of government.  This is one of the most indefensible abuses  we kuowof'in connection .with our present  system. ' The ministers are the servants  of the people,.and should be at their offices  discharging the duties entrusted to 1hem.  What does the old lady want with them?  The sole function now allotted to her is  that of appending her signature to bills  that have passed the legislature. Surely  the presence of a minister is not necessary  for this. The whole thing is a ridiculous  survival from times of feudalism. The  poor ministers have to'wear the kilt  whilst in attendance, and the agonies of  shame the modest men undergo whilst in  the semi-nude condition Unit (he royal  eye demands would wring tears from a  heart of stone.  The Decapitation Was Postponed.  Atone time, if a .Japanese girl married  a foreigner xhc was instantly decapitated.  A Portuguese gentleman thirty years ago  fell  in  love  with  a, Japanese girl.    Her  parents warned  her of  the  fatal  consequences of marrying him.    "If you agree  to marry me, i will die with you,*' he said.  "Then J will marry you. die or live,"'the  pretty maiden said.    He was a Catholic,  and he had promised his parents  not'to  marry out of hi.s religion.'   So they eloped  and   visiter!  the  nearest priest,  who advised them against their J'a.tal  marriage,  but to no purpose.    "She cannot be baptized,  confirmed, and  married all  in the  same day." said the priest.- "She must,"  said tlie'lover.    "I must." said she,   "for  we  both  die   tomorrow  morning."   Tlie  priest waiver! a "Lew customary rules  to  fit the occasion: and performed  all" three  ceremonies at once, and then   interceded  for the bride's life.    The mikado decided  that ho could not behead the Portuguese,  but   1he   girl    should    die.'     The    priest  warned him, saying, "sho is now a. Portuguese,  loo,  and you had better postpone  the decapitation   until  you  confer  with  the Portuguese government."'   Time was  granted.     The   priest   persuaded.     The  husband  pleaded.    The  Portuguese government demanded.    After a correspondence   which   lasted   live years,   and  in  which tlie British,  American, and. other  consuls or representatives took much interest, the young woman "was  permitted  to  live.   jJr.  La   Rosa,  the  husband,  is  now in business, with a, family surrounding him.    ITo, it is said, is the first  Fu-  ropoau who dared to marry a- Japanese.  lord  An Indefensible Abuse.  The lord chancellor, lord Ripon.  Kimbeiiy, ,-ind Mr. Asquith are the ministers appointed to a ttenrl upon tlie queen  during the remainder of her stay in the  Highlands.   The ancient lady who is sup-  Sunday the Democratic Holiday.  Charles II.. as everybody  knows,   was  one of the most immoral kings who over  sat  on   the' English  throne.    He  feared  neither God nor man, and half a dozen of  the present representatives of the Kngiish  peerage are   the descendants of his  bastards.    This model  monarch gave his assent to tin act of parliament prohibiting  trading on the first day of the week. That  act   has   more   force  with  our   so-called  Christians than the fourth commandment,  which prescribes the seventh day,and not  the first, as the day  to  keep  holy.    At  Lincoln,   England,   a,  news agent inirl   a  herbalist have  been fined   for supplying  medicine  and  'newspapers   on   Sunday.  Now  it is  proper  to  recognize 'that the  magistrates,   who administer   an  act  of  parliament, have no option .-in the matter-  however absurd   the 'act: may   be.    But  they can  overcome the difficulty by imposing a fine so small, say a farthiiigv that  the persons who institute these absurd  prosecutions .shall   be discouraged  from  their  intolerant system   of  persecution.  It is now recognized pretty generally that  Sunday is the democratic .holiday.- Let  the   professing   Christians   go   to   their  churches  if they like, but let "us stoutly  resist tho-'attempts of sour and ignorant  fanatics to impose their own dull ma-liners  and methods upon others.  ��� ��� ��� " A- Snake Story.  A correspondent at Milledgeville, Georgia, writes- as follows: The champion  snake story of the season has been brought  to-'this city by a gentleman down the  river. A few muscadines, a- bushel of  shriveled peaches, and the dried skin of  hi.s snakoship were the only occupants of  a "piney wood cart." 'which was leisurely  drawn by a little mule, frescoed with Confederate war brands. Tlie smilce wtts  about six feet long and his superiority to  the other snakes comes from the fact that  ���his career was .flavored with a romance  that cost him his life, and yet it had an  important part in the hatching of a' dozen  chickens. The snake was killed about ten  days ago and three! days after it had  swallowed a dozen eggs which were under  process of incubation. The snake was cut  open and the eggs removed and put back  in the nest, under n faithful hen. A day  or two ago I lie little chickens crawleil  from their shells, and it is a strange fact  (hat they make up a, covey of fully developed chickens, .so far as bodies are concerned, but si ranger still that their heads  are exactly like the head of a snake.  Food for Christian Thought.  According to the World Almanac, IHU.'S,  the population of the l'nited States is  02.022,000. The total of members of all  churches, 20,100.000, which leaves to the  world and the devil I2,lo2.000 individuals.  And yet every day we are told we are a  "Christian nation." Skill, perhaps this  little is due to the. fact that there is  church property worth $150.000.000 untaxed in the l'nited Slates. !u the state  prison at Lansing. .Michigan, there arc at  present 5IS prisoners. Of these 102 are  .Methodists. 00 Baptists. SO Catholics, OS  Christians, :!l Presbyterians. 20 l'nited  Brethren, U Episcopalians. 7 Congrcga-  tionalists, and 2 Quakers. The paronlsof  ���'!ll prisoners were church members, and  the same number of prisoners h;i.d attended Sunday school. What does it say  in tho "cornerstone of civilization." the  holy word of God? "By their fruits ye  shall know them."  WOM_N.f.WHO   ARE   SPENDTHRIFTS.  Once  in. Debt She  Loses   Hor   Head and   Becomes a Plunger.  The number of grossly extravagant women who carry the burden of their debts  about London society is enormous.   Many  of them are very rich, but that fact does  not  prevent  them  from  outrunning the  constable.    We know instances of famous  women in  the London  world tit this moment, says Hearth and Home, whose husbands are  worth largo fortunes, women  who have dressmakers' bills they cannot  pay. which they simply dare not show to  the  men  whose  liberal 'allowances  they  have squandered in reckless follies.    One  beauty told  us  the other day that she  owed her dressmaker .CriolO, and  that she  saw no more prospect of paying- it than  of paying the national debt.   'She did not  (hire to mention  the bill to her husband,  so she compromised' the matter by ordering- more gowns that she didn't want, and  allowing the dressmaker lo charge anything she  liked   for  them.    And  so  the  snowball of debts rolls merrily on, gath-,  orhig size in its progress.  Once a woman has got into debt she  .seems to lose her head. Tlie plunger  spirit) seizes her. She does not care what  she does. Her' balance is lost. She lets  herself be caught like a grain in the  whirlwind, and danced over and into any  number of pitfalls and abysses.  A woman in debt is generally a reckless  woman, not only in money matters, butin  tlie other affairs of life. The leaven seems  to work mysteriously through the lump,  and affect every part of the character.  Not only money considerations tire flung  to the winds, but other considerations  more precious, more to be cherished.. Extravagance, nowadays, is almost a disease  with many women. Some spend wantonly  for lack of anything else to do. It is as if  they said to themselves, "Here is a terrible empty quarter of an hour in my day.  What-shall 1 do with it? Oh, I can go out  and buy something." And so Bond street  is crowded in the morning. This may be  ��� good for trade���when the bills are paid, if  ever���but how bad for character.  Extravagant women get little satisfaction out of their extravaganco at the  time, and create so many skeletons to people their cupboards, and sit by their  hearth in the future,' that the woiid soon  becomes full of dry bones for them. Then  they develop into pessimists, and add to  the ruin that falls on life instead of to the  sun that shines over it.  And the husband, who has to pay the  piper at last���if he can���looks upon all  women henceforth with a contempt  natural, though, thank lieaven! unreasonable. From the behavior of his own  particular unit he judges of the mass, and  who can greatly blame him?  John Johnson, Proprietor  Extensive  Improvements  Now Completed.  All Rooms  Refitted and  ; Refurnished  FINEST WINES,   LIQUORS, AND  CIGARS IN  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  Special  Attention to Miners.  UOOMS MUST-CLASS.  KATES MODJ2KATK  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  THOffiAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE  ���THE  MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen 'Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  \-J  Dining'-Room  is now under lhe miinatjemcnl ol  OSIZsT IF1. GKEXiJL  (I.ilel.v steward on the steamer Xolson).  Fniin OiK Lime on mi of Sort will lie liinele lo niiikc llic  Nol.son ;i report fur bu-ino^-: and mining nidi, a.s everything obtainable in "-ca-nn will be inoeuicd.  Rules���Single meals. 50 cent*; day board. ��S a week.  Boys, Give "Ja,ek" a Call.  8 lie  HOTEI  JOHN F. WARD FRONT STREET  MANAGER.  KASLO, B. C.  The-Very BEST OF Everything.  Front Street, Near the Steamboat Landing-,  KASLO, B. C.  Devlin & McKay, Props.  Tin-: hk.st ct'isiNK.    Tin-: m-:st hkd.s.  TIIK ISKST (IK  KVKItVTHI.VC.  HOTEL  Corner  Front  and  KASLO,  Fourth   Streets,  B. C.  MAH0NEY & LUNDBDRG  PROPRIETORS.  HOTEL  Corner   Front  and   Fourth  KASLO,   B. C.  Streets,  A. & J. Fletcher, Props.  ACCOMMODATIONS   FIRST-CLASS.  Slsi��f l-'.-i *���<��������� (Jraiiil (Vnlnil fnr WaNim. Hear I.ako Olt.y.  Three Knrl;-, New Iienver iiml all points in  I lie Kaslo-.Slocan district.  DIVIDEND  NOTICE.  The dividend dir In red In lliolmrelioldcrsiif the Kootenay l��-ike Telephone Coinp.in.v, Limited. i> now due ami  payable itt. lint Coinpany's olllee in Xel-oii, H. ('., to all  .shareholders of record on Oefobor 1st. |H!��.  JOHN AVION  OIIS.SON.  Nelson, B.C., Octoberiflsl, J.S!��. .Seuretary-Tieasiircr.  THE BAR  IS SUPPLdKD AVITH  TIIK  HTCST BIJAXDS OF ALL  JC1XDS OK AV-JXES, LIQUORS, AXD CIGARS.  Special Attention to Miners.  Situate on Vernon  Street, Near Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  Its Guests can Obtain  Splendid Views  of' Both the  Mountains and River.  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  THE ROOMS  AIIB COXVKXIICXT AXD  COMFORTABLE.  THE TABLE  IS  Tin-:   HEST   TN  THE  ^lOUXTAIXS.  Special Attention to Miners.   THE BAR IS FIRST-CLASS.  International  HOTEL  Corner of West Vernon and Stanley Streets  NELSON,  B. C.  First-Class in Everything'.  THE INTERNATIONAL has a Comfortably Furnished Parlor lor  Ladies, and the Rooms are Furnished Newly Throughout.  THE TABLE is not Surpassed by  any Other Hotel in the Kootenay  Lake Country, Being- Supplied  with the Best of Everything-.  JAS. DAWSON & B. CRADD0CK,  PROPRIETORS.  THE BAR  Is Stocked with Choice Imported and Domestic Wines. Liquors and Cigars.  E GRAND  HANSEN & BLOOMBERG  Proprietors.  THE (.'I.OSK.ST HOTEL  in Nelson (" I lie Sleiim-  boat LnniliiiK'.  THE RAIi CARRIES TIJK  Best Knimls of Liquors  and Git,'":'*.  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  Is one of thu best hotels in Toad .Mountain district, mid  is tho headqimrters for prospectors uud  working   minors.  MALONE    &   TREGILL.US,   Props.  mm  3A  (:*���**��>-.  ��*MtLlw��twwwt'juykijr��it��w.L��Mjji��ii.jji-Ji.iJ^.iimjgw?u��tw.mmjii��Mii-'-i'iJui'i'iM ?  THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B. C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER  1G, 1893.  THIS    'WEEK'S    NEW    ADVERTISEMENTS.  AV. P. Robinson,  Nelson���lialhT's  goods.  John McDonald. Nelson���Application notice  grants for mineral claims.  Ureal Northern Railway���Tourisl cars.  sale  of  household  for crown  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  At the lastregular meeting oJ" the city  council of ICaslo a trader's license bye-law was' introduced. Under il ordinary ripiril licenses are lo be $'M)  per year; wholesale or wholesale and retail merchants,  $25 per six months; retail merchants, 33 per six months ;  opium selling, $200 per six months; for every porfor-  , malice at a variety theatre-or other .similar places of  amusement, ��10 per night.  Rev.  J).  31".   Martin unci'vile tiro soon  expected to return lo ICaslo from their prolonged eastern visit, where they have been detained through a painful operation which hud to be performed on .Mr. .Martin.  Three   forks   is   having  a   small-sized  boom, over thirty ICaslo people having left for Ihcre Lhis  week. Several Kaslo merchants have aNo opened business there, amongst them lhe Halfour Trading Company  andG. II. Williams, druggist.  The contract lor clearing the Kaslo ��fc  Slocan righl-of-way from South Fork loltear Lake which  was .secured by \\". A. .Skinner lias been re-let lo T. Gray  and A. Carney, as Skinner did not post ihc necessary  bonds.  The new fire brigade I'ori.ned  in  Kaslo  will stippl v a long-felt want. The company now consists'  of twonLv"iiioiiibers with John Waliusley as chief. A  ball forthc benefit of the brigade will be given on the  night of the 21lh instant.  Kaslo's mail serviceis'getting worse. It  is not Lhe fault of the local postal officials; they al leasl  do their best. The trouble is with the postolllee inspector at, Victoria, who is bringing discredit on the province  at large by a policy that is nothing if not short-sighted.  The   Pickwick   Clnb, Kaslo's   amateur  theatrical troupe, is hard al work rehearsing another  ��� play fur an expectant public.  A gang of men has been at work for a  week corduroying Ihc wagon road near Kaslo. To make  tho road passably good at. this season would require an  expenditure of ��1000 lo lhe mile.  Dr. W. A. Hendryx returned on Wednesday from a trip to the far east, fie was in X'ew York,  Montreal, and Chicago; just long enough at the latter  place to say that he was at lhe World's !��'air, but nol  long enough" to see one-thousandth pari of lhe things on  exhibition.  A. J. Burnyeat from Kamloojjs is now  installed in Lhe government oflicc al Nelson as a clerk.  Wilson Hill, who was a pioneer in Nelson but who is now a sawmill owner on Slocan lake,  dropped down from New Denver this week to pay the  government his limber, dues. lie reports the graders on  tho Xakusp & Slocan making fairly good headway, bul  the tracklayers al a standstill.      ���  -  R.' E. Lemon slipped and fell on tlie in-  clino sidewalk near the Houston block on Wednesday  night and is now under the care of Dr. LaBau.  "Andy" Dolan has purchased two lots  at the corner of Josephine and Latimer streets, and  within a month will have thereon a comfortable home.  The telephone company has strung a  wire to the site of the Nelson & r-'orl Sheppard depot, to  the hospital, and to the custom house.  The Nelson Hydraulic Mining Company,  Limited, has been formed to acquire and work placer  ground on Forty-nine creek, nine miles southeast or' Nelson; The company's prospectus will be issued next week.  .The steamer Nelson will make two trips  a week to Bonner's Ferry until navigation closes on the  Kootenay, which will be about the time the Nelson &  Fort Sheppard is completed to the water's front at Five-  mile point.  John Brown, a deckhand on the steamer  Columbia, was drowned in the Columbia river, at Fourteen-mile bar, last week. He was drawing a bucket of  water, and it is supposed was jerked oil" his feet, as the  current'of the river is very swift at that point. Jlis body  bus not been recovered.  "Bill" Reade, assayer, prospector, and  . yarn spinner, is in the Huckleberry mountains, about a  hundred miles north of Spokane, developing a mine for  J. X. Squier.  On the last trip to' Bonner's  Perry the  steamer Nelson took out two carloads of ore.   One carload was from the Mlile Point mine at AinsworLh; the  ��� other, ore from Slocan district mines.  Harry Young has changed thenarnf of  his Colvillo paper from " Republican" to "Index." If tho  name had been left alone and lhe polities changed, the  paper's subscribers would, perhaps, have appreciated the  change.  Hugh McDonald has sold hi.s interest in  the Columbia house at Xakusp and will go to Ontario for-  a visit to the "old folks."  "Joe" Tall mi re and "Jim" Bowes, who  have been running a hotel at Silvcrton, in Slocan district,  no longer do business under the firm name of Howes &  Tallin ire.   Mr. Tdllinire has retired from the linn.  A washout on the Nakusp &S.loean railway a few days ago caused the engine tender to leave the  track, and up to fast advices all cH'orts to get it back on  again had been fruitless. The main trouble is that a supply of water cannot be kept in the boiler to allow the  engine to work for any length of time.-  The largest individual owner of real  estate in West Kootenay is \V. V. Tectzcl. who is assessed  for ��25,000 in New Denver alone. Mr. Teetzel is the  owner of Lot 549, Group 1, locally known as the Mc-  Gillivray addition to New Denver.  The frost has already cut off the water  supply from a number of stores and residences.. Users of  water had better bury their service pipes deeper if they  would be free from annoyances caused by bursting pipes.  Perry's map of West Kootenay is being  criticized because it shows the line of the Nakusp &  Slocan railway away up on the side of a mountain two  miles distant from New Deliver. Mr. Perry says it was  through no error of his that the line is thus shown. Perhaps it was through an error of John Andrew Mara's that  the mistake happened. ...  The band boys realized nearly .$50 from  their concert. They had better give one every month  during lhe winter.  The Ward creek sewer is receiving its  share of adverse criticism. Many claim that its construction is faulty: thatun'essit is covered it will simply  he a breeder of malaria. The trouble appears to bo that  it was let at so low a price that the contractor cannot  afford to do a good job.  Mrs. W. J. Wilson returned on Saturday from a visit to her parents, who live in Ontario.  There is no place like home, when that home has a husband in it.  .   The Deluge Hook & Ladder Company  has u hose reel and several hundred feet of new hose at  the depot.  Yesterday silver was quoted in New  York at 70 cents mi ounce.  The Band Concert and Ball.  The concert and ball'given at Odd Fellows' hall by the brass band of Nelson  was a success both musically and linan-  cially. The following programme was  rendered:  Overture--" Laurel"   Hanjo Specialty   Piccolo Solo��� "Through the Air'  Vocal Solo--"Never to Know" .  Cornet Solo���" Kantasis"    Solo, with flute obligate���"licuiilyV  Overture, andante imd wnltz-   .The Hand   Mr. Tweediu   Mr. Webster   Mrs. Davys   Mr. Heaiiliin  Kye.s"..Mr. Hambcr  -"Ihiniibo Waves"    Orchestra  Vocal Solo���" Why not Today " Mrs. Coopol  Duet, flute and cornel--"The.Swiss Hoy and II Is Love"      Mr. Webster and Mr. Scan Ian  Vocal Solo���" Love's Old Sweet Song" Mrs. Davys  Sextette���"In the Deep Cellar" Messrs. Hcauliui,  Turner.  Dake.  Sproule,  Urown.  K oof or, and  ICilby  Mandolin-Iianjo Specially Mr. Tweedi'e  National Anthem-���"God Save the Queen" The Maud  The band boys deserve praise for their  efforts to keep alive a musical organization in a town whose population is so  much on the move as that ol' Nelson. That  they are improving as a band must be admitted after last night's concert, and  much of this is due to the labor of bandmaster Scanlan. After the concert, the  hall was cleared and a dance given.  Returned Frcir. a Prospecting Trip.  "Ben" Thomas, one of the best known  miners and prospectors in Nelson district,  returned on Saturday front East Kootenay, where he had spent six months  prospecting. He covered the country on  Chewy creek, the St. Mary's, tjie Moyea,  and Perry creek, and for a time ranged in  the Hocky mountains to the cast of Port  Steele. ' J'Te reports finding a 2-foot ledge,  from which three picked specimens were  sent to an assayer;' bubns no returns were  received, the conclusion was arrived at  that the ore could not have been worth  much. There were a large number of  prospectors in and around 'Port Steele  during the summer, but no new finds of  importance were reported. The North  Star on St. Mary's river is a line looking  property, but low grade. There is tilso a.  promising looking claim on Wild Morse  creek, and two that arc reported showing  good indications on Moyea lal<e.  JOINED   IN   MATRIMONY.  Two of Nelson's Best Known Young People  Mado Happy.  On Wednesday evening.fames A. Gilker  was married to Miss Lizzie Walker, the  ceremony being performed at the Hotel  Phiiir by Rev. Mr. Black of the Presbyterian church. The high contracting  parties are both so well known in Nelson  that the -towspeople considered the marriage a family affair, and they all turned  out to give the young couple the encouragement of their'presence. Tins Tribune  has not enough capital Ms to Mr. and Mrs.  and Miss all those present, so their names  must of necessity be omitted. The ceremony passed oil' without' a hitch, although, as the groom expressed it, it-was  the first time either he or the clergyman  took a part in a marriage ceremony. The  boys say the groom kissed the bride a  moment or two too soon,"but a high authority on such matters says the boys are  wrong, that tho clergyman was at fault  for not making a short pause at the right  time. Fred Irvine and Miss Ad die  Irvine acted as groomsman and bridesmaid. .Congratulations were given and  then dancing commenced. Mr. Phair of  the hotel gave the supper, and it was one  of the best ever served in Nelson. The  festivities were kept up until 'i o'clock in  the morni.ng, and if a kindly send-off has  any effect on the future, Mr. and Mrs.  Gilker will live a life of continual happiness.  The following is a list of- the presents  made and the names, of the donors:  Silver tea service (7 pieces) by Kootenay  Lodge No. 1(5, I. O.O. P.; porcelain chamber set, "Mr. and -Mrs. J". Pred Hume; tea.  set and souvenir spoons. Miss Dora Kcl-  lett; sugar bowl, .John Ledoux; silver  napkin rings, Uev. W. Black; carving  knife and fork, G. 0. Brown; set souvenir  spoons, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Fletcher;,  pickle dish and tongs, Mr. and Mrs. F. M.  ���McLeod : biscuit basket, Miss Sophia Johnson; card receiver, Alius Ella Oarragher;  diamond pin. Jasper Phair; napkin holders, J. LL. Bowes; break last cruet, Mr. and  Mrs. George Nelson; fruit dish, Miss Cora  Duhamel; cruet stand, Mr. and Mrs. John  Hamilton; card receiver, Mr. and Mrs.  William Wilson; cheese dish, 1L fi. Ather-  ton; cake basket, Mr. and Mrs. Charles  O'Berg; silver tray, Mr.' and Mrs. Thomas  Madden; silver butter dish, Mr. and Mrs.  W. C. Phillips; fruit dish, Dr. Labau;  cream pitcher and sugar bowl. F. C.  Chandler, F. C. Campbell, and F. V.  Brown; china tea set, Mr. and.Mrs. D. C.  McMorris ; hand painted placque, Miss B.  Crickmay; porcelain fruit dish, George  Johnstone and A. H. Kelly; picture  throw, Miss Irvine; water pitcher and  glasses, A. W. Moore; two pairs slippers,  Air..and Mrs. J. A. Taylor: parlor lamp,  Mr. and Mrs. Turner; wax {lowers and  baskets, QuongChang; mantle drape, Mrs.  Aikenhcad; clock, Fred Irvine; sideboard  cover, Airs. Seaman; table cover, Charles  Van Ness and Bruce Craddock; hanging  lam]), G. A. Bigclow; sideboard. James  McDonald & Co., XV. P. Teetzel & Co., and  Fred Williamson: a copy of "Shepp's  Photographs Of the World," Rev. Mr. Turner ; family Bible, John Houston, Charles  H. Ink, and Charles V. Dake.  Air. and Mrs.  Gilker will   make   their  home at the Hotel Phair for the winter.  Will Begin on Monday. .  The ore sacks having arrived, teams will  begin hauling ore from the Silver King  ' mine to Nelson on Monday. Sleighs will  be used down to the switchback, where  an ore-shed has bee:' built, and from there  wagons will be used. The ore will go to  Swansea, Wales, for treatment. It is not  yet settled which route it will take from  Nelson. The northern route by way of  Revelstoke is now out of the question; the  Bonner's Ferry route is still open, and if  the freight rate given by the Great Northern is confirmed, the ore will probably go  that way. Here is a chance for Air.' Cor-  biu to get in and do a little piece of business that will advertise hi.s new Nelson &  Fort Sheppard. The track'of that road  will be at Nelson by Monday; a wagon  road can be built to the depot in a few  days; and on the first through train from  Nelson could be attached a- carload or two  of ore from the great Silver King mine.  Its arrival would be heralded by the [tress  of that city, and a railroad, like an actress, is not averse to a little free advertising-  -'  Advised to Fly From tho Tempter.  I'n a small village in the south of Scotland, an elder in the parish . church was  one day reproving an old woman, who was  rather" the worse for liquor, by saying:  "Sarah, don't you' know that you should  fly from the tempter?"' Sarah (not too  well pleased)-" Flee versel'." Killer���"Oh,  Sarah, I have flown.' Sarah��� '\Awcol, I  think ye'll be naue the waur o' anither  flutter."  APPLICATION   FOR   CROWN   GRANT.  Notice is hereby given that Jolili McDonald, as agent  for Charles Hull and olhers, has llled tho necessary  papers mid inadeapplieatloti for a Crown Grant hi favor  of the mineral elaini "Victoria," situated in tho Nelson  Mining Division of West Kootenay. Adverse claimants  will forward their objections within (in days from the  date of thiH publication. X. KJTZ.ST'UHB.S.  Gold Commissioner.  Nelson, H. C, l.'lth November, l.S!��.  APPLICATION   FOR   CROWN GRANT.  Nol ice is hereby given that. John McDonald, as agent,  for ICboiie/.cr Hanisay, has llled lhe necessary papers and  made application for a Crown Grant in favor of the miii-  aral claim " Lulu," situated in lhe Nelson Mining Division of West Kootenay. Adverseclaiinantswill forward  their objections within GO darn from the date of thin publication: N. KITZKTUUHS.  Gold Commissioner.  Nelson, 0. C, 13lh November, 18P3.  AND  Tin  A largo and complete slock of the lending lines of  Cor. Baker and.  Josephine  Streets,  Nelson, E. O.  Central Office  of the  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  A largo and complete- stock of  WALL PAPER  You Want to Save Money  ' You can do so toy purchasing1 your  supplies from us.  We pay'cash for everything which  enables us to sell at lowest rates.  Hudsons2 Bay  Company.  Baker Street, Nelson.  AGENTS FOR Hiram Walker & Sons, EUstil-  lers, Walkerville, Ontario, and Fort  Garry Flour Mills, Manitoba.  Just received a consignment  of Fall and Winter Scotch Suitings and Trouserings, also Worsted Overcoatings.  IF.  J\   SQUIBS,  Corner Ward and linker Streets.  Tie Boehester -Aeademy  of KKTrr,rc kai.ls. rtkvkxs county, -  ���WASHINGTON.  TIIK PUKSUYTKIMAN SCHOOL OF KASTERN  WASHINGTON.  OPEN TO BOTH  SEXES;  Odors complete Clnsiicnl, Scientific, and Literary Academic courses; also Normalaiid Commercial courses),  including Shorthand, Typewriting, and Bookkeeping.  Special attention given to Music and Painting.  Boarding Hall finest in the Northwest; well furnished  throughout; furnace heat, electric lights, hot and  cold water.   Students given every advantage of a cull ured Christian home.  Fall Term Opens November 14, 1893  For further information concerning lhe place, terms of  hoard and tuition, apply to G. A. Phipps, President, or lo  L. C. P. HASKIKS, Secretary,  Kettle Falls, Stevens county, Washington.  October 2Sth, -1893.. ���������-.- .;���'���  i\  m  iwnstePi  We quote prices on Feed, F. 0. B. Steamer  at Bonner's Ferry, as follows:  Oats, per cwt,      .       . $1 20  Chop Barley, per cwt.,   * $1 20  Bran and Shorts, "       . 95  Potatoes, per cwt.,       . $1 00  Write for prices on ear lots of Feed.   All  goods shipped C. 0. D.  E. M. KINNEAR,  Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.  John M. ICkkkkk.  Jamks W. .Skai.k.  KEEFER  &. SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  Job teaming done.   Have several hundred cord.-', of good  wood, which will he sold at reasonable prices.  I.KAVK    OKIlKltS    AT  J.  F.  Hume   &   Co.'s,   Vornon   Street.   Nelson.  Nelson   Livery Stable  Passengers and baggage  transferred  to and   from  the  railway depot and steamboat lauding.    Freight  hauled and job learning done,   Stove  wood for sale.  WrTJ.TAM WILSON   j'uopuri'.Ton  NELSON, B.C.  Plasterer, Bricklayer and Stone-Mason.-  Contracts taken for work at. all points in West, ICoofonay  The public are hereby warned ngninst giving orders  for clothing lo one A. A. DoCow, who has a set of my  samples hut. is not, my agenl. and has not given the  samples up. although rouuested to doso.  It. J. liUNTKK, Toronto, Ontario.  October 20th, 1883.  m^^ "Complete.'stocks, of -all lines  ijJPf'!- s*.,-^^^^^^of- general merchandise"(except  WL iC-;.-' ^^Siy hardware) can be found at Gk A.  "M"    *' "��� BIGELOW & GO.'S, Bast Baker  Street, KELSON. Liquors and  cigars at wholesale only. Agents for Anheuser-  Busch (St. Louis) beer, the best made in America.  GENERAL  In anticipation of the increased demand for g*oods that will follow the  opening1 up of the famous Silver King1 mine, and having* implicit faith in  the future prosperity of Kootenay in g'eneral, and of Nelson in particular,  we have been steadily increasing our stock, and. have at present the most  complete, assortment of g'eneral merchandise in the interior of British  Columbia.    Call and see us and compare prices. <:  s  DRY GOODS   DEPARTMENT.  BOOKS  STA-TIOlsTEBl  MTJSIO  lNTO"\r3��]TJTXEIS  . OF WEST KOOTENAY.'  Showing" the Mining Camps of Kaslo, Slocan, Nelson, Ainsworth, Trail  Creek, and Lapdeau.  Book Form, $2.59; Half-mounted, $3; Fuli-niouiitod, $4.  2  HoustoT} hloel{,  Heisoi)  ^S.OjSTT STE1ET, ZKLA-SXjO.  wofhing, Dry doois, Beets, Shoes, firoeeries, Hardware,- Iron and Steel.  MINING-   COMPANIES,   MINERS,   AND   PROSPECTORS   FURNISHED   WITH  SUPPLIES.  USTE-W  DEK"V"1]B  EEVELSTOKE -     -      - ^.dstid     nsniLZKTCrSIE3  GROCERIES,  HARDWARE,   ���  9  >uDDlies--. and e General.. Merchand  'Gloves,. Moccasins, Overshoes, 0verrubers," Mackinaw.-' Shirts, German  Socks, ��� Shirts and ��� Underclothing;.; Hats and "Caps,:. Boots and Shoes,-.  and the finest and most varied lot'of Fall and .Summer Suits, Vests,  Coats,.and Pants ever shown the public in the Kootenay Lake country.  A New Railway Under Construction.  I  uy Betor^e/Harj\ec ibises  In the RAILWAY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  GHOIGS BUILDING and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  EEEATB   ^.LLO'V^ED   FOE.   G-OOD   BXTir,3DI3STGrS.  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  THE  CENTRE OF THE  LARDEAU COUNTRY.  Apply for Prices, Maps, Etc., to  Land  Commissioner  Columbia & Kootenay   Railway Co.  ZLSTZEICSOIST,   IB. O-  BALIFF'S SALE.  l!v viiliK! of a distress wiimi.nt.'for r/jiit., issued in favor  of McDonald & Mmidorsnn. mid a warrant of execution,  issued out of llio county ���umirt, in favor of.I. h'rod flume  & Co.. [ifaiiirtl. flic. kouiIhiukI chattels of 8. Mills & Co..  iiotclkccpcrs, at Nelson, British Columbia. I have seized  and delained a^ iniswllancouw lot of household furniture,  consisting of bed-room sets, spring and oilier mattresses,  blankets, (pu'lts, pillows, nirpefs. ruj,'*. curldins, tables,  chairs, lamps, pictures, sloves and sftivo furniture, crackers, etc., now In the Victoria hotel, on iVicmrin street,  and which I will sell al- public auction at. lhe aforesaid  hoi el, on Tuesday, tin: Hist day of November, ISU'i, at 2  o'clock l>. m., or as much thereof as will satisfy the said  distraint and judgment, together with the costs of sale.  Term* cash. W. J'. ltOHINSON', JJalilt'.  Nelson, B. C, Noveiiiberlflt.li, 1893,  West Kootenay Electoral District  A Court of Revision and Appeal under the Assessment, Act, I.S8S." and amendments, will be Jielrl nt tlie  Court. House. Nelson, on Tuesday, the fltli day of Decoin-  ber, 1803, at the hour of 10 o'clock in L''<; forotinnn.  N. J111 Zfc> 1 u 11J-io,  Judge of tho court of revision and appeal.  Nelson, H. C October 27th, J8!>3.  Family Tourist Cars to Fuget Sound.  Upholstered tourist car* in charge of porter and equipped with bedding, eiu-fains, cooking ranges, ample water  supp'v. litvalories, toilet, rooms, etc., and well heated,  lighted and ventilated, form a part of the Croat Northern  railway through train service between the Twin Cities  and Seattle. Tourist cars leave St. I'aul dally at 7:45  l). in., Minneapolis 8:15 p. in. Two dollars for double  berth to Havre, (with prompt connection I'or Great Kails,  Helena and Unite): $-.80 to lionuur's.Ferry and Spokane:  ��3 to Seattle. I'n lace sleeping cars via the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway leave Chicago every evening:  at l(J:.'ih and run through to Seattle in connection with  tlie splendid Croat Northern service for all cla-ises of  travel. Address Agent Casey, UnnnorV-; Ferry, Idaho, for  information about trips to any part of tho United States  or Canada.  .ji vvi;  *m

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