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The Tribune May 5, 1894

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 Presents an Unequalled Field for the Developer  of   Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,   Silver,  Copper,  Lead, and  Zinc, as Well as for  the Investor in  Producing Mines.  "%,  '^I'l'Uim  ^;TvETl8^x  <\  SECOND   YEAR.-NO.  1  NELSON,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA, SATURDAY,  MAY  x   1804.  yu 4     .^.Already Completed or Under Construction and  M AY Li-        -* Ji Steamboat   Lines   in   Operation   Make   the  Mining   Camps   and   Towns   in   Kootenay   Accessible   the   Year   Round.  ONE, DOLLAR  A YEAR.  THE   GOVERNMENT   CAUCUS.  The  Proceedings  last.  the  can-  Nel-  Attendance Small and. the  Cut-and-Dried.  The government party has, nt  brought out a candidate to contest  south riding of West Kootenay. The  ' didtite is George Owen Buchanan ol'  son. He was not the choice of the party  leaders; but he would not he set aside.  The caucus that nominated him was  held in the board of trade room at Nelson  on Tuesday night, and was attended by  .''0-odd voters; and non-voters, drummed  up for the occasion by Gilbert Malcolm  Sproat, who stood in the 'hallway during  the session of the caucus to see that only  the faith fill should enter.   Harold Selous was chosen chairman and  A. M. Johnson secretary. The proceedings were gone through ������mechanically and  without spirit. Ji. 1.0. Lemon nominated  Mr. Buchanan, and the nomination was  seconded by Neil McLeod. The nomination was accepted by Mr. Buchanan in a  short speech that '"'Bob" Lemon, at the  close of the meeting, pronounced a "grand  and .statesmanlike effort," but which was  characterized by another gentleman who  was present"'"as a lathe apology for a  speech."  ���The resolutions.adopted were: "...  First,���That'' the present government  has been vigorous and progressive in provincial a iVairs, and has done well for this  riding generally in the past.  Second,���That for this" reason and as  representing, a powerful, united party,  the government should receive"support in  the coming general election.  Third,���That steps should be taken to  secure an acceptable candidate for this  riding, who shall support the government.  Fourth,���That such candidate shall be  a capable resident of the riding, willing,  if elected, to consult his constituents generally on important matters; and that his  place of birth or place of local residence  in the riding is immaterial:  Fifth,���That G. O. Buchanan, Esq., is a  lit and������'proper candidate to be recommended to the electorate, and that this  meeting' pledges itself to support him in  the coming election. _-  A campaign committee of fifteen wtis  selected and another of five to act as an  executive. The members of the campaign  committee are:-- R.-F. Perry, li. Duhamel,  R. E. Lemon, Ji. Selous, F. C. Arthur, YV.  A. Macfarlane, A. Tregillus, G. li. Woods,  J)micau.'McDonald, Frank .Fletcher, E.  Applewhaite, W. A. Jowett, 'William  Hodson, and two .others. Several of the  above-named gentlemen were not present,  and, it is reported, will not act. After  the regular meeting adjourned, a few of  tlie leaders like Frank Fletcher, Harold  Selou..,, and .Gilbert. Malcolm Sproat held  a conference to agree on a .plan, of campaign.  The following names were attached to  the requisition from Jvaslo: YVilliam  Goodwin, E. J^oyle Smith, James Easton,  A. Carney, C. E. Berry, David Logan, S.  T. Walker, James Deacon, John L. Retallaek, A. \V. .Wright, M. .V. Adams. George  Lewis, John Carscadtlen, Horace W. 'Bucko,  B. II. Lee, G. li. Williams, D. O. McMorris,  D. McGregor, A. T. Garland, W. Harrison.  Hamilton Byers, J. D. Mnrsden, T. W_  Gray, li. F. liorrocks. James Chisholm.  O. T. Stone. O. G. Dennis, Charles W. Mc-  Ann, -15. Durney, James E. Bell. A. T.  Crook. G. J. Scott. 13. M. Martin, IX I.\  Kane. J. F. B. Rogers, A. J. MeFJliman,  J. B. Miller, B. li. Atkins, James Nicholson, M. J. liaverty, F. G. Sullivan, Charles  Whitier, Murdock Mclvenzie, C. Ii. Flla-  cott, John Keene, J. F. Jvennedy, Isaiah  Nicks, Sam Fawcett, II. Yiiill, J). J. Mc-  Gillivary, Ji. J\ Jackson, John Mcintosh,  Samuel Beiiyon, H. li. Porter, A. Melvin-  non, W. V. Pap worth, T. E. Parker, IX  McCallum, Allan Lean, G. T. Kane, and  Ji. Ash by.  How many of the above'named canbe  classed as voters and government supporters is an open question. The following residents of Nelson attended the caucus, and ji glance will show that not more  than one-third of them are ������.sure" government men:    K.   Applewhaite,   11.   Selous,  C. Hamber, C. Phillipps-Wolley, li. H.  Newton, Frank Fletcher, 11. E. Croasdaile,  W. G. Mat-farlaue, A. M. Johnson, G. ().  Buchanan, lil. C. Arthur, YV. Hanson, W.  Wilson, L. R. Harrison, J. Scale. W. Petti no, G. H. Woods, J. lvoefer, (���'. II. Keel'er,  Joseph Scale, John Magiiity, Alfred Olson,  James Dawson, Neil McLeod, li. E. Lemon.  James Smart, Duncan McDonald. II. Duhamel, Peter Campbell, Duncan Me-  Artliur, .James McDonald, A. C. Muir,  George Williamson, G. II. S. Sproat, W.  A. Jowett, Alex McDonald, W. Ward, and  J'. Noonnn.  stated that a period of unexampled prosperity is about to dawn on this district,  i f that be the case, will hi.s business not  suffer if he be not here on the spot to attend to it, and would it not be better for  him to watch the gradual rise in the price  of shingles, instead of embarking on the  stormy sea of politics, and, as he himself  elegantly expressed it, 'standing in' with  the government':" The government ring  is pretty full as it is. aud they have as,  much, or perhaps a. little more, on their'  hands just now than they can conveniently manage, in which case it is possible  that he might get left."  ��� XO  KXTIIU.SIAS.M.  Mr. Buchanan's nomination is not likely  to create tiny enthusiasm throughout the  district, as the electors of the outlying  precincts had no voice whatever in the  caucus. 'There was not even a delegate  present from.Kaslo. The party leaders,  .even, are not enthusiastic, for they well  know that their Candidate has," until  lately, been looked on as an Oppositionist;  ��� i. Til K .CANDIDATE.''.  (ieorgeOwen Buchanan is a native of  Nova. Scotia and has resided in West  Kootenay .since J&SO. When he first came  to the district he wtis employed by the  '.Canadian Pacific as a wood and timber  measurer, but afterwards ran a sawmill at  Revelstoke and illecillewaet. in the  spring of . J.8S9 he moved to the Jvootenay  lake country and started a sawmill at a  point on the outlet distant about sixteen  miles from Nelson, in the spring of 1892  he removed his mill to Jvaslo. His  family resides at Nelson. Mr. Buchanan  is a fairly.-good speaker, having been a  regular attendant at that preparatory  school of oratory, "The Literary and J.")e-  bating Institute of Kaslo." He is a public-  spirited citizen, and .the worst that can  be said of him is. that he has developed  an inordinate desire to holdoffice.  NAILED   TO   A   CROSS.  Must Have More Apparatus.  The regular monthly meeting of the fire  company was held at Firemen's hall last  night, there being twenty-odd members  present.   After considering routine bruin ess,   foreman Bigelow stated that  the  company was greatly in need of a hook  and ladder truck. ladders, and other a Apparatus; that if a fire should break out at  night, the ladders now in use could only  be got to the ground with great difficulty,  if tic all.   After considerable discussion,  the   foreman- was   directed   to find  out  what   was   wanted,   make   an   estimate  of the cost, and report as soon as practicable to the company, a special'meeting  to be called for the purpose,  it is believed  that the apparatus- needed  will cost at  least $250, and the only way to raise tlie  money is by subscription. -If that amount  can  be raised-by subscription, the apparatus can be procured, and  the company  will then not only be fairly well equipped,  but be  out  of  debt.    J.   Ji.   Matheson,  George Neelands, and John lions ton were  nominated for fire wardens.  The True Story of a Modern Crucifixion Which  Occurred at Burmah.  He was a quiet, unobtrusive sort of a  chap and considered by those who knew  him to be but an everyday citi/.en of (he  commonplace type save that he had a  fondness for joining secret societies, and  at the time of his deatli belonged to nearly  every organization of the kind in existence. ,JIe died, of paralysis in a most  orthodox way, but when the undertakers  began'"'to prepare'his body for burial they  found a most curious sear upon his right  hand. At one time there had been a hole'  made by some-sort of sharp instrument in  the palm, going in at oneside and coming  out at the other.  There was soinespeculatioii in regard to  its origin, when suddenly oneof the undertaker's assistants uttered an exclamation,  of astonishment and held up the de-;  ceased's left hand. There was a precisely  identical scar upon 'that also.' Men do not  generally have bullet holes through both  hands,,and Bredemeyer had also siimliar-i  scars upon each foot. '.-!  The right hand scar was not as long as  the left hand one by an inch. Both were  between the bones of the thumb and fore-;  finger in the thickest part of the palm.;;  The left hand scar was two and one-half  inches long, and on both sides of the  hands the scars set out like mountain:  ranges,���������'���compared with the size of the  hands, the serrated top ridges of the ugly  marks being white and smooth, like snowcapped peaks. They';were exactly like  the---marks- of crucifixion, and little  wonder, for crucified Bredemeyer had  been, although he had never told the story  to any one, and the fact was unknown  until Bretlenieyer's record of his own life  was found among "his papers after his  death, which occurred at Tacoma three  weeks ago.  ]3redeiney'er was a graduate of the university at Bonn and had qualified _as a  member of the Prussian pioneer engineer  A   l.O.V.SKKVATIVK   KXCiUSII.MAX'.S   OI'IXIO.V.  A well-known resident of Nelson, who  attended the government party caucus,  writes Tino Trihuxio: "At the meeting  of electors held in the board of trade room  last night J had the privilege of hearing  Mr. Buchanan recite hi.s political creed.  As far as I could make out, it consisted in  a lame apology for the most indefensible  acts committed by the present provincial  government. He gave a detailed account  of the methods pursued by the government, before bringing forward their  measures, so as to ensure their being imposed willy-n lly on t':e J o f-e ;.n I the  province. This more than anything else  is calculated to make any elector pause  and reflect before committing themselves  toasupportof a caucus-governed majority.  Can Kootenay not find an independent  candidate, with a mind of his own and  a head on hi.s shoulders, who will  command respect in the house and be able  to forward, instead of retard, the best interests of  the province?   Mr.  Buchanan  Government Party Cuckoos.  The following lines, though written fifty  years ago, might have-been written yesterday, so fittingly do they show the moral  and political status of the men in this  province who want to "stand in" with the  government party. These politicians,  who are without manliness or independence, should turn to the scalding review-  by Macau ley of Barere's Memoirs and  they will find the pungent critic indulging  in these vigorous parallels: "Theimpulse  which drove him toward a party in prosperity was as irresistible as that which  drives the cuckoo and the swallow toward  the sun when the dark and cold months  are approaching. The law which doomed  him to be the humble attendant of  stronger spirits resembled the law whicli  binds the pilot fish to the shark. 'Ken ye,'  said a shrewd Scotch lord who was asked  his opinion of James the First, 'ken ye a  John Ape? If I have Jacko by the collar  I can make him bite you; but if you have  Jacko you can make him bite me.'"  "Welcome Little Stranger."  Saturday, April 2Sth, ISi'l, marks the  commencement of a new epoch. "Old  things have passed away"-- exit Gilbert  Malcolm Sproat and enter Charles St.  Barhc of Sew Zealand. No doubt we will  still recognize the hippopotatnine periods  of the former-"rari nautes in gurgite  vasto" in the columns of our esteemed  contemporary. The acquaintance of the  hitter we have still to make, and we have  to congratulate him on his praiseworthy  anxiety for tin intimate knowledge of our  best known fellew townsmen. It would  be presumption on our part to assume  that J. Fred Hume litis an Antipodean  celebrity, but he is pretty well known  in this district tind we are sure that when  Mr. St. Barbo does make his acquaintance he will duly appreciate him. Let us  hope that Mr. St. Jhirbe will do as much  credit to New Zealand as does its mutton.  A Narrow Escape.  A lire was discovered in the Nelson  house about 10 o'clock on Thursday morning, but was got under control within ten  minutes after the alarm was sounded, the  firemen working promptly tmd intelligently. The fire caught in the roof from  a defective chimney.' The carpets in the  parlor and injtwo bed-rooms were spoiled ;  a hole or two w.as burned through tin-  roof, and the pancr in the bar-room and  in the office will nave to be replaced. If  the fire had not beeu got under control,  the old Miner ollice and Higclow 6c Co.'s  store and warehouse would surely have  been burned. Three hundred dollars will  repair the damage.  corps. That was iu 18(52. The next year  he entered the Dutch-India service as a  mining engineer and expert, and advanced  step by step in his chosen profession until  I SOS, when the king of Burmah made him  chief engineer of the famous ruby mines  in the northern part of that country.  Bredemeyer had headquarters at Medea,  in the ruby mine district, where big sapphires are also found. The 'mines' are  jealously guarded and all the 'precious,  stones belong to the king. From the ruby  and sapphire harvest the king realizes  from $50,000 to $7*5,000 a year.  North of Medea, in the lofty mountains,  there were some ruby mines which the  king had not had prospected for various  reasons. No white man had ever ventured  into the mountains of the north among  the half-civilized Siugphos. who, while  partially reoogni/.ing tlie authority of the  king, were unruly and barbaric. Thither  the king sent Bredemeyer.  liis advent was the signal for great excitement among the Siugphos. They had  never seen a white ii.au, and, notwithstanding Bredemeyer announced his  mission under authority of the  king, the Siugphos were not satisfied.  Their cupidity got tlie better of their  loyalty: they thought more of their rubies  and sapphires than they did of the king's  mtturlat.es. They decided to crucify the  white man if he  did not (lee the country.  A handful of soldiers were with Bredemeyer, perhaps fifty all told, but then  there were .'',500,000 inhabitants. The  Siugphos were not afraid of the soldiers.  .Bredemeyer refused to leave the country  until he had carried out the orders of the  king. The Siugphos declared war. Brede-  meyer's soldiers went into ambush, only  to surrender the mining expert when the  natives swooped down upon them.  While the soldiers were scurrying about  for reinforcements the natives nailed  Bredemeyer to a cross made of two pieces  of the native oil wood. Crude pieces of  iron, with rough edges and slightly sharp  at the end, were brought, aud using stones  for sledges fhe natives drove the irons  through Brcdemeycr's hands and feet.  There wtis great excitement, and the  barbarians in their haste mashed the engineer's toes antl lingers. Before the  brutal work of nailing Bredemeyer to the  cross wtis finished he became partially unconscious. The shock wtis almost fatal.  The last thing he distinctly remembered  was the swarming Siugphos, looking like  devils, with their Hat faces, broad skulls,  straight black hair, deep brown eyes.  Asa rule the natives wear linen wrapped  ���about their hips. These cloths arc called  ingies. and as Bredemeyer lapsed info unconsciousness he remembered that the ingies of the masters of the barbaric ceremony were besmeared with hisown blood.  When Bredemeyer had been nailed to !  the cross the natives prepared to raise it  tind fasten the end nearest his feet into  the ground. At that instant the soldiers  returned with reinforcements tmd routed  the natives. Bredemeyer was carried  back to Medea.  The crucifixion occurred at about noon.  At noon the next day his wounds were  dressed. The rainy season htid not set iu  and it was very warm, and under the unfortunate conditions it was feared gangrene would set in. He wtis caret I for  tenderly under directions from the king,  tmd being accustomed to great hardships  he speedily recovered, but never again  ventured into the land of the Siugphos.  The day of hi.s funeral his casket was  literally covered with fraternity badges,  the gold bullion iu whicli was valued at  $500. but it is doubtful if any decoration  there was as unusual as the four conferred'  upon him by the Siugphos of upper Burmah  Why Men Marry.  Men   marry   from    different    motives.  Most of them, doubth.ss,  from  affection,  from affinity, from desire to increase their  comfort or content; others, again, are impelled to matrimony rather  by external  than by internal considerations.    Among  these tire men of copious  means, to whom  home signifies tt handsome, complete  establishment, and  tt  wife, a superb,   hai-  monious figure, to preside over it.    They  set out, therefore, en their quest  in calm  mood, with definite aim, little liable to be  turned aside from  their one purpose.    As  they are clear-In tided, energetic, practical,  not easily discouraged or frustrated, they  invariably  succoid.     The   woman    they  have secured litis instinct and   perception,  enough to know for what she  i.s  wanted,  however much the chief want -may:have  been concealed.   The implied contract between  her 'husband  and  herself is  that  he will furnish all that is needed to'make  his home luxurious,  elegant,  materially  ���attractive,.antl she is to.be its socitil high-  priestess.    And tlie   contract  is usually  carried out; for, with a large income, this  is not difficult.' The pair are, for the most  part,  admirably and mutually adapted.;  He is socially ambitious; so is she.   They  supplement    one    another    excellently.  What he wishes she can fully and   most  becomingly execute.   She entirely understands  what lie caiiciOiily -suggest.-. Her  sixth and seventh senses,   which  women  alone possess, her'tact, her ''management,  her subtle insight, are invaluable.   They  yield a usurious,  though intangible,  interest on every dollar of his many investments.    They enrich him where he is most  eager to be rich, far beyond the accumulation of his millions, antl he is so grateful  that at times he almost loves her.  unless  subordinated   to  the value of  his  'advice,' would, we etui quite understand,  make concerted action difficult of attainment.    At the same time we cannot divest  ourselves  of  the  idea   that  men  of    the  major Mutter .stamp  who  publicly state  that they will  give   no   man  or   party  a  slavish support: who will not be dictated  to;   who intend to   use   their own judgment, and to preserve their independence,  are precisely   the   class with  which   the  legislative    assembly    of    this   province  should   be  filled  in   the  interests of the  .country.    We do hot know-major Mutter,  but we think that thestatements he made  at  Duncans,   pn   Saturday   last,  do him  infinite   credit,   and   we   are -further, of  opinion   that.  Air.     Davie    would   have  strengthened   his   own   cause   very   materially by accepting thesu pport of major  Al utter even on the "independent'. terms  it was offered."  NEW   DENVER   NEWS.  <���    The Great Northern Strike Off.  The strike on the Great Northern  railway which involved 5000 employees on its  3700 miles of line, and which has suspended  traffic,   both freight and  passenger,   for  two  weeks   is   over.    This   was   accomplished by the adjudication of the claims  of the   employees   and the road, rather  than by arbitration,  the court being a  joint committee of'.the. representatives of  leading business organizations.    The committee was organized at a conference of  ���St. Paul .and  Minneapolis business men,  aiid was made up of C. A. Pillsbury, J3. F.  :Nelson, J. T. Wyman, F. G. Winston, and  F.   Ji.  Heacock  of Minneapolis; Dan H.  .Moon, P. H."Kelly, George It, Finch, C. W.  Jiackett, liichard Gordon,' antl O. C. Sea-  'bury of St.  Paul.    President Hill of the  Great   Northern  at  once   expressed   his  willingness to leave the settlement of the  strike in   the hands of these men.   The  strikers   at first  demurred,   but   finally  agreed that they would meet Air. Hill before the committee.   President Debs, and  vice-president Howard  of  the American  Rail way Union, and L. W.Rogers, editor of  the   official   organ   of   the   union,   were  present on behalf of the strikers.    The result of the conference is that the strikers  gain   iiineteeu-twentieths   of   the  points  ���made.   President Hill  conceded without  argument the restoration of the wtiges of  the engineers, firemen, conductors, brake-  men,    boilermakers,   trackmen,    section-  men, and blacksmiths.   The reduction in  the cases  of those men was   10 per cent.  ���The committee lookup the cases of the  car  inspectors, ear  repairers,  oilers,  operators, etc.   in these cases the wtiges of  the. men were practically restored, there  'being only minor points of difference on  which there could be. no .serious disagreement.   The meeting progressed with the  best of feeling throughout.   Air. Debs did  most of the talking for the strikers, president Hill replying for the road.  Not the Result of Speculation.  The Australians have suffered more severely from the demonetization of silver  than any other people. Owing to the resulting depreciation of values they tire  heavy lesers on all their staple products.  The price of wool has been cut in half  since 1873, and the value of the output of  their silver mines has decreased in about  the same ratio. Now we have our attention directed to the enormous losses which  Victoria i.s suffering tin her wheat crop,  which she is obliged to sell at 2s. Id. per  bushel, which is less than the cost of production. In the face of such facts as  these, and with the full knowledge that  the Australian colonies are burdened with  heavy public and privatedebtscontracted  in l-'nglnnd when p'rices ��� were nearly  double those at present prevailing, there  are people foolish enough to contend that  the recent financial disasters iu Australia  won; the result of excessive speculation.  The signs tire multiplying that Australia's  difficulties will continue to increase until  bimetallism is restored. About the speediest method of bringing about such a result would be for Australia to plainly announce her intention to refuse to submit  longer to the cinch of the Fnglish creditor. .Mexico has given such notice and  Australia should follow suit.  Slavish Supporters Not Wanted.  The Province. April 28th: "The account of the premier's first electioneering  campaign in his own constituency,  whether one regards it from the point of  view of the Colonist or the Times, is exceedingly interesting reading. The way  Mr. Davie fenced enquiries on the much  vexed'question of the Nakusp A: Slocan  road, by referring electors to his parliamentary speeches printed copies always  on hand mailed immediately post free on  receipt of card���sort of thingwtis positively delightful. It looks, too, almost  as if the premier had waxed warm to the  extent of irritable 'enthusiasm,' when he  iinnlicd he would have no iniittcrings as  to his decrees. A man like major .Mutter,  with tin awkward tendency to expose  fallacies and given to ridicule others in  public, would possibly prove a trying col  Saw Dksvfai,.May 1st.  George Hughes was in town '.yesterday.'  He is making arrangements to ship ore by  way of New Denver as soon  as  the railway reaches the head of the lake.  ���W."Braden, who is the British Columbia  agent of the Omaha  6c Grant smelting  worhs, i.s in town looking out for a suitable site for- sampling works.   It is'.most  probable   that  he   will   locate   at   New  Denver.    The   works   must    be  situated  ���whore the greatest..amount.of pre can be  treated  at the least-possible expense.    A  location vat Three J Fork's  would be  very  suitable for many of the mines, but would  cut out the properties iii the Twin Lakes  basin, the Alouuttiin Chief, and the Four-  mile camp.    To secure the handling of ore  from the -Idaho, St. .John, Alamo, 'Cumber-.'  laud, Queen Bess, California, Alpha," Read  tt iiobercson, tint! other mines on   Four-  mile,   the   sampling   works  must   be  tit  New Denver.    It is said that Mr. Braden���  was trying to  make 'arrangements with  the owner of one of the best known mines  in the Slocan to sample his ore, .and "said  he thought of locating at Wilson  creek.  "If you do  you can't handle any of'.my  ore," was his reply.  N. F. AIcNaiigh't has started to build a  '.wagon road antl tramway to the Grady  ���group.-. -Whenever the railway'"reaches  Slocan lake he will be heard from.  Development work on the Prank -group'  of claims recently -.bonded .for $'J>0,000.by  Montgomery, Ala'nn, Fwart, and Hughes,  will begin as soon as the snow permits.  "Jap" King is going in to do assessment  work at once.  The Silverton Townsite 'Company has  graded Lake avenue from end to end to  connect with the Grady group wagon-  road.  Silverton  has now ti  menagerie, a  live  cariboo,  and  ti   bear.  TI  ic  bear  is   very  young and  litis about sixteen dry nurses.  It has put its teeth into live of them.  Some difficulty was-experienced in putting in the foundations of the canyon  bridge. Fortunately a cold'snap came  antl the creek litis fallen instead'of risen.  The wagon road between Three. Forks  antl New Denver should be put in repair  at once. If the .-government has any  money to spend for that purpose itshould  be spent now. l'Jvery day's delay is a  tlead loss to the country. The citizens of  Sew Denver are willing to co-operate to  the full extent of their power."  "Dan" MeGillivray is expected in New  Denver tonight or tomorrow morning.  The .real estate agent of the company at  Three Forks will report business'quiet.  George.Hughes is saitl to have told the  agent that he was very sorry his buildings  at Three Forks blocked the street, to remove them tit once. He had no further  use for them.  If specimens made a mine the boys who  located on Fight-mile creek would have  the biggest thing in West tvootenay.  Some marvelously line'specimens of free  milling gold ore were brought into town  today. The boys have great faith in their  property and mean to lind out if it goes  down or not. If it does they are made  men.  Business has been rushing at the-record  office.lately. Now claims and assosnieiif  records have been tumbling in hot and  heavy. The recorder remarked it, reminded him of old times.  Hunter it AlcKiiiiioii's fine new store is  being pushed ahead and will soon bi. finished. Several other buildingstire in contemplation.  W. F. Teetzel has been busy signing hi.s  to deeds for   New Denver   property  ic came iu.    There  is no disposition  "jtiyers to let  goof  their  prop-  t rip  from  league and his tendencies in t hisdirect ion, ' traffic.  1111 iiit  si net;  iu former  erf V here.  Air. Brandon returned from his  east yesterday. He made the trip  Kaslo iu one day and reported the walking not too bad. The New Denverites  made his right, arm ache with band shaking, just Io let him know what they  thought of him anyway.  On all sides there are signs of spring  opening up. New faces appear in town  every day a ml some old ontts art; gone into  the hills. Hverybody i.s full of confidence  that I SO I is going to make up for IS.Ki.  The Snow and the Roads.  This season is another backward one. as  the snow is yet between eight and nine  feet deep at the Silver King mine, between four and live at the Slocan Star,  about a foot aud a half nt the Le Hoi. aud  fully five feet at flic Number One. The  road to the Silver King is- impassable: the  road to the Le Hoi is in fnir condition:  that to the Number One will not allow of  supplies being hauled over it: and the  one between Kaslo and New Denver is  bare it ud in I'nirlv good condition as far up  as the Fifteen-mile house from there to  Three Forks   the   snow   is   too   soft   for  THE   NAKUSP   &   SJOOCAN   RAILWAY.  The Chioi* of   Construction   Says   it   Will   be  Rushed, to Completion.  The Nakusp Ledge  publishes tin  interview with "Dan" .MeGillivray. who  is the  chief of  construction  on   the Nakusp 6c  Slocan   railway.    .Mr.   MeGillivray states  thafwork will begin on Wednesday of next  week, and would not cense until the road  was completed.    The   boats.of  the  (J. 6c  Iv. S. N. Co. would commence hauling the  rails tind other  requisitics without delay,  as  the   material  was   all   lying   at Revelstoke.     At    least   thirty flat   cars,    a  ..number of box and   passenger .cars, and  another engine would be brought down at  once.   The mogul  now  here  would  have  steam up on   Wednesday  next and take  out the track layers, the  first brigade of  which will number  100.   The locomotive  to be brought down is a. wood burner, but  of   the   same   si/.e -anti   capacity as   the  one    now    here,     which    Mr.    Gillivray  declared    was   "hoodooed."    A   gang   of  men will be employed raising, strengthening, antl replanking the wharf.   The temporary siding in front of the wharf would  be permitted to remain where it was for  a time, to permit of the unloading of the  rolling stock, while that on the south side  of the engine-house would be removed.  Mr. MeGillivray said that he wtis going  out over the rottt'I as far as Tliree Forks.  What damage had been causer! to the  roadbed by the spring freshets was no  more than was to be expected, but the  workmen will soon have everything to  rights again. Ic is the intention of the  company to have the road completed "  .a.nd regular trains running by June. They  did not propose putting a spur into Sew  Denver, unless requested to do so by tho  Canadian Pacific. A station placed ou.  the main line at that point would, Mr.  MeGillivray thought, be sufficient for the  needs of the place. A suit for 810,000  damages wtis pending against the company for running through the Bigelow  addition, but that would be successfully  defended in the courts at Nelson.  Questioned why he had not visited Nakusp oftoner during the winter, Mi: MeGillivray stated that, as the express company had not been operating the office  here, he had had no means of forwarding  money. Saitl he: " I am not the bravest  man in the world. Antl if in bringing in  .$10,000 in my pockets, some man should  ask tne for it. enforcing his demands with  a gun. why I should hand the money over  to him without hesitation, just toavoitl  trouble."  As to the Nicola Valley road, the Inland  Construction 6c Development Conipany.  won hi commence operations in June, immediately after the completion of the  work here. The'company's'outfit would  be transferred from Nakusp to Spence's  Bridge, and the road-'gotten under way  without delay.-!.-Though the government  had guaranteed the interest on the bonds'  of the railway, to but half the estimated  cost of construction, yet tirrangements  had been made whereby the 'necessary'  capital could he obtained for carrying on  the work. The lirst sod'had already been  turned, a true index of the certainty of  the scheme.  The Returns Were Satisfactory.  John H. Cook, who is interested in Trail  Creek district, was   in   Nelson this week,  purchasing  building'material,     lie said  iiit returns had been   receivet  'foul the  'Tacoma  I Creek  in  gold-  the Le Hoi .$*>1.  soon   to have a  the  Ti-ui  $17*5  I.  ore recently shipped to  smelter by the owners of  mines. The 0. K. ore went  ft) the ton. and that from  The Nickle Plate mine is  new hoist, and the Le Hoi has .-dreadvone  that will sink 700 feet. The Le Hoi shaft  isdowu over200 feet, and iscomptirtitively  dry. The Nickle Plate ore body shows  ���SO inches of fine ore. from which ti $2(K)  sample has been obtained. The wagon  road is being put on repair by "Brig"  Atkins, who has the contract for hauling  the Le Hoi ore. from the mine to the wharf  atTrail. ____  A New Gold CommiSHionei- Appointed.  W. J. d'oepel is. this week, gazetted as  gold commissioner, government agent,  etc.. etc.. I'or the Nelson division of West  Kootenay. If the appointment, is permanent no heller cine could be made. I'or  Mr. Goepel isu man of good judgment, and  excellent business qualifications. The  late gold commissioner is reported as-  lying ill in the Jubilee hospital nt Victoria.  Second Vein,  ���sod through Nelson on  ictoria to obtain  wagon roads a t  Cut the  (.'. B.   Wright pa  Monday on his way   to V  an a ppropria t inn  for I lie  Ainsworlli.     I Ic said   t In.  the Little Phil and Black  had struck  the second or  its width wa.s not  known   when  The ore is not as high  grade as it  the surface.  joint tunnel on  I 'iamond claims  main   vein, but  he   left.  was on  The  GottinK ft Gold  Mill  mad   between   the  aud mill is being  condition the mil  is e\'pe<  tetl that t  ">('0 ions can  Da ven) >or  in   Order.  Poorman   mine  .   tind   when   iu  ic started   up.    It  ic   water will   hold   untie run l hrough the mil',  the   resident   manager.  repiiirci  I wi  Hill I  A. I. .        .  says thai from ten to twelve men will   be  employed.  Gone to Heaven.  All Alameda, California, woman who  had been married to thirteen different  men has just gone where, according to  best authority, there is neither marrying  nor giving in'marriage. It is a puz/.lc to  surviving friends how she will contrive! to  amuse herself.  m  &&  ft  &:-  ^mm^lf^M^MS^ M3Afr ffegtariBSBrt^'*^^ ^Vllf.W'milrgtfjIWff: WftawBJV^ra-a.-ww THE  'TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY,   MAV   \  1394.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  TIIK TRIRUXI'* is pi.tili-heii (in Saturday-, by Jim*  Hous/mN S: Co., and ^ ill In- mailed lo ..iihscriber.-  on iiiiymoiit <>f O.ni: llni.i. \i; ,i year. Xo sub-,i;riplion  taken* I'm- less than .1 year.  RKUULAIl ADVKUTISKMKXTS printed ill tlio following; rales: t>iio im-li, >.'"<> a year; I \vn inchc.-.  Slit) a year; three incht��� tSl n \car: four inche-,  $_)(> 11 vcar: live inche.-.. >'W.*> a year; six inches and  over, in the rate of 51.&) 1111 inch per inonlli.  TRANSIENT ADVl-.ltTISIOll'NT.-' Lil cuius a line for  llr.-t insertion and 10 cent.-: a line I'or each additional  in-oi-tion.    Hii-tli,  marriage, and death   notice- free.  hOOAL OK RKAIHNO MATTKR NOTICKS io cent-, a  line each insertion. .  JOB PIUNTINC al lair rate-. All account- for job  printing anil advcrl i-ing payable on the ill���I ot  e\er.   month: -nb-criptioii, in advance.  ADDRKSS all coiiiiiiiinii'iitioiii In  TIIK TRII'l'NK. NH-on, H. ('.  D.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  LaHAU,  M.D.���Phy-ician  and  Surgeon.    IIooiii-:(  and   1   1 [oil-Urn  block.   Nel-on.   Tele|ihone  I'J.  Lit. HARRISON, H. A.��� H.ii-rii-ter nnd Altorney at  ��� Law (of the province of Sow I'run-wick). Conveyancer, Notary Public, Commi���inner fort akin;,' Allldavit-  for iirii in the Courts of lirili-h Coluinliia, etc. Ollice-~  Ward st.reei,, between Haker and Vernon, Nelson, H.C.  ��M Mtibmx^  SATURDAY MORNING.  .MAV *>, ISIII  Kor .Member of the Legislative Assembly for the South  '     Hiding of West  Kootenay Ilistricl, '  JOHN    FREDERICK   HUME.  PLATFORM   OF   PRINCIPLES.  ADOI'TKI)   IIV' DKI.KUATIJS  IX   CO.VVK.VTIO.V   O.V  Till-.   IlTH  ;      OK APRIL,   1 Si"i-  Whereas, the men thai upbuilt, tho Dominion of Canada  were not of one nativity, and if a healthy patriotic  sentiment is to prevail, and only by lhe growth of  such a sentiment, can Canada take a place among J'.ng-  lish-speaking nations, the responsibilities of government  miisl bo entrusted to men of known capacity, and not, to  men who by accident of birth innigine tlieiiiselve.s rulers  by Divine right.   Therefore, be it resolved���  First. That we hold as reprehensible the practice of  appointing non-residents to oflieial positions in interior  districts, and we maintain that all ollices, where practicable, should be filled by residents of the district wherein  the ollicial perforins duty.  .Second. .Special and private legislation not only consumes too great a part of the time thatshoiild he devoted  to the consideration of public measures, but it. leads to  practices that tend to lessen confidence in the integrity  of tho legislative assembly, and through it an insidious  poison is disseminated that in time will lind its way  throughout the whole organism of the body .politic-;  therefore, we favor tho enactment of general laws that  will reduce lo a minimum special legislation and do  awav with private legislation altogether.  Third. 'Iho interests of the province were not  safe-guarded in the agreement between the government  and the Nakusp & Stocan Railway Company, and.llio  policy of the government in pledging, tlio credit of the  province, in order that speculative companies may prolit  thereby, is to bo condemned.  Fourth. After making provision for the payment of  tho running expenses of the government, expenditures  should bo conlined sololy to the building and betterment  of wagon roads and oLher works that are for the free uso  and benelit of the public-at.-largo, leaving to .private en-,  terpri.se the construction and operation of railways and  all other undertakings for the use of which the public  are reriuired to pay.  Fifth. The-speedy adjustment of the diU'erencos between tho province and tho Dominion, to the cud that  lhe land within the railway bolt along the Canadian  Pacific railway be thrown open to'settlement under the  land laws of tlie province; the amendment, of the Land  Act so that it will be air equitable contract between'  lhe province anil the settler, eliminating nil discretionary  powers of tho chief commissioner of lands and works:  also amending it so as to permit the outright purchase of  small tracts in all iinsurveycd mountainous districts.  .Sixth. The timber lands of the province should be  held in trust for the future needs of its people, nnd not  handed over, under long leases, to speculative mill owner?- as a saleable asset. '  Seventh. The development of the mining industry  should not be hampered by legislation that makes the  procurement of titie to surface rights impossible: that  levies une(|iial taxation on working miners; and that  makes it, diliicidl to compel delinquent co-owners to pay  I heir share of assessment work; therefore, we favor the  repeal of sections S and IriA of the Mineral Act and a  revision of the sections relating to mining partnerships.  Kighth. The passage of an act. whereby water rights  for any .specific purpose maybe obtained as readily as  such rights are now oblaincd for mining purposes under  the provisions of the Mineral Act.  Ninth. The cslablisbiuei.;. uf a land registry for Kootenay district,.  Tenth. The holding iu Kootenay district of terms of  the county court at short intervals: extending the  power to issue capias to registrars of county courts in  districts in which there are no resident judges; and Iho  passage of an act, that, will allow the collection of small  debts in courts composed of justices of tho peace.  Kleventh. The extortions to which laborers on railway  construction and other works are compelled to submit,  through the issuance of lime-chocks, is alike discreditable lo tho men who prolit. by such practices and to the  government that makes no ellbrtto render such practices  inipo-sible. The issuance of non-negotiable time-checks  should be made a punishable ollcnco. and the issuance of  negotiable time-checks should only be allowable under a  law that would safeguard tho rights of the party to whom  they are issued.  Twelfth. Contractors and .sub-contractors on railways  should have a means of getting speedy' redress from unjust classilication and unfair measurement, of work by  the appointment''of an ollicial arbilralor who shall he  a practical engineer.  Thirteenth. The government is to be condemned for  Iho passage of a redistribution act that is not. uniform in  its provisions, and by which representation is neither  based on population, voting .strength, nor contributed'  revenue.    Resolved, that the government is to bo blamed for  keeping in ollice in West Kootenay a gold commissioner  who is not competent to perforin llie duties of tlio ollice.  Re-olved. that the  attention  of  the government  is  wtiy: that it gtive tho oleetor.s ti cii.'inco  to meet and excli.uige view* as to the re-  (|uircnit:nts of the district: that the time  had come when the nu'inber should be  made understand tlutt he wtis to carry  out the wishes of his constituents, not  merely his own wishes or those of his  party leaders. The convention held tit  Nelson on April lllh, wtis made up of delegates choM.n by the electors of Kaslo. Nelson. Ain.sworth, New Deliver. Three  Korks. Watson. Silverton. Balfour. I'ilot  liny. Toad .Mountain, mid Hy kerfs. The  delegates were chosen at ti primary election, tit whicli every elector hail a  chance lo vote for lhe man or men  he thought be<t fitted I'or the position.  The delegates thus elected assembled and  their deliberations were held in public.  They lirst adopted a platform of principles; then selected a candidate whom  they believed had the ability tind honesty  to make tin effort to carry out the principles if elected to the assembly. The  candidate selected was .). Fred Hume of  Nelson. '     :  The party opposed "to the convention  plan, after holding many private caucuses  at Kaslo antl Nelson, held tt final caucus at  .Nelson on Tuesday night last. Those  present, were there by special invitation of the man whom premier Davie has  selected to manage his;'campaign- in this  district; there was no exchange of views;  no platform ofprinciples adopted; nothing 'more than tlie holding up of a do/.en  hands to ratify the cut-and-dried orders,  of the premier. The candidate so nominated is 0. O.'Buchanan of Nelson.  The nominee of the convention represents the wishes of the people wh6 live in  the district; the nominee of the caucus  represents the wishes of Theodore Davie  and his'.political manager in West Kootenay.. who is none other than Gilbert Malcolm 'Sproat. ______________  HISTORY   SOMETIMES    REPEATS    ITSELF.  called to the necessity of hnvingpuidcoiistublcsstationcd  jollill  kerfs and Waneta.  at points on  the   Internatiii  boundary  lino like  1'y-  Resolvcd, thai il i.s of the utmost importance tlm ft rails  and wagon roads be built to connect all mining camps in  West Kootenay with transportation roulos thai are open  tho year round.  Resolved, that the nominee of this convention he required to pledge himself to do Ids utmost to carry out the  views expressed in the resolutions adopted by this con volition, and that each delegate to this convention make  every eflort to secure the "election of the nominee of the  convent ion.  Ro.-olved, Unit the lands embraced within railway  grants should be immediately surveyed, in order that  they bo open lo settle incut.  Resolved, thiil the people living in the valley of Koolenay river between the lake and the International bound-  dnry lino and those living in Fire Valley on I be west side  of f.owcr Arrow hike nrc justly entitled to mail facilities,  and that we deem it a duly to urge that po-totllcc-be  established at Rykcrl'.- custom-house and al a i-cnlral  point in Kire Valley.  LETTER   OP   ACCEPTANCE.  Ni-:ijsi��x. April 17th, WM.  'I'd -nu-: Ciiaihman ami Si:< i:i;t,.hv ny tiii-: Soi-rn  KuoTi.nay Convention ��� tieiiiloiucu: I herewith nc-  ccpl i he liomiiinl inn for mi-inbi.-r of tin- legislative a���  seinbly tendered me by the delegates a--i iniili il in con-  volition at Nelson ou ihe llth iii-linit : nnd if cli-i-ii-d 1  will ii-c my bc.-t i-ndc.-iMiis to carry oul tin- principle.-of  the platform adopted by the convent ion, believing llii-m  to be iu the intcri'sl of all lluisi; who favor good government. Thanking you and the deli-gnles I'or the honor  conferred. I am respectfnllv vour-.  .1. l-'RKIi.  IIC.MK.  R. !���'. CicKi-.N. l-.'s(|., i liairmaii.  .1. A. TlUNKli, secretary.  THE TWO METHODS CONTRASTED.  According to the Spokane Review,  the industrial armies thatare heading for  Washington tire made up of the worthless,  shiftless '.tramp element; an element that  will not work when work is offered. According to other opinions, the men, with  few exceptions,are respectable-appearing,  well-behaved, and iutelligentworkingmen.  As the Review represents a class that,is  ever at issue with the working class, it  is inore than likely the..industrial armies  are intule up, in the liiaiii, of the  men who have" been .thrown-out of employment by the stoppage'of work in  f ictories and mines, and not of the men  who are chronic bums and tramps. When  workiiigineii tire steadily employed they  allow the class which The Spokane Review represents to do their thinking; but  when thrown outof employment for any  length, of time they begin to think for  theinsohcs. Hence the movement in the  United / States that has not had its  counterpart iu any other country. That  it will result in immediate good is to be  doubted. For the government of the  United States is in the control of a class  that will not heed the handwriting on tlie  wall: of ;i class that will only be brought to  reason by a revolution like the one that deluged Franco with blood in ITU". History  sometimes repeats, itself.  Tiiii government party leaders claim  that (.ieorge Owen Buchanan will get 9  out of 10 of the votes cast in Kaslo; get a  majority in Nelson; hold Hume even in  tlie Slocan country, and tit Ainsworth,  Pilot Bay, tmd Balfour; get every vote at  Rykerfs, and get Waneta almost solid.  Theybti.se their claims on the fact tlutt  the "Unglish" vote will be a unit; that all  men who favor the government will vote  I'or Buchanan; and that every corporation in the riding will not only use its influence for him, but will contribute  liberally towards, the party campaign  fund. Mr. Davie's heiichnieu tire just a  ti'ille too sanguine.  West Koolenay took  the lead in adopting   the convention    plan   of  nominating  candidates for member of  the legislative  assembly, a plan  that litis been very generally adopted in other districts by both  the government tind opposition  parties.  In West Kootenay the opponents of the  plan   denounced   it    tis   unfair:    that   it  smacked  too much of  "bossisin"; that it  gave the  small  antl   unimportant  camps  and hamlets too much power, as compared  with   the large towns and   ���'cities": that  unpopular but able aspirants for political  lienors stood   no  show  as  against candidates whose sole stock in trade wtis   their  personal popularity.    On the other hand,  those who  favored   the convention pla.ii  maintained that it was much  the  fairer  It .MrsT gall (ieorge Owen Huchaiian to  depend I'or tin election on the men against  whom he has always declared himself  opposed ; and it must be equally galling to  (!i Ibert .Malcolm Sproat to be forced lo aid  iu elect ing to ofliee a native of a. circumscribed Kastern Canadian province.  Till-: electors of Trail Creek. Robson.  Fire Valley, and Nakusp can elect the  member for the north riding if they but  unite on a strong man. Uevelstoke litis  half ji do/.en ���'strong" men. who are bound  to split the vote of that town into fragments.  A sTKi'tK'U-; is going on within the government party that is likely to disrupt it.  The struggle is I'or leadership. The Nestor of (he party is (iii bert Malcolm Sproat;  the .lohiiiiy-eonie-lately is captain Olive  I'hillipps-Wooley. The former has age,  experience, and numerous personal adherents: the hitter has youth and brawn  and the prestige of a inline that is already  known on two continents. It is dollars  to doughnuts that (iilbei't _Malcolm rules  the roost.  It is an open secret that premier Davie  wants to get. rid of provincial secretary  Haker; but how to do it without endangering the prospects of the party in Fast  Kootenay is the (pi(-stion. for  the colonel  has a following in the district who will  resent his enforced retirement. The  Miner of hist week indicated the  way in which the "���shelving" was to  be done. Colonel Raker is to be appointed  a sort of provincial high commissioner to  the mother country; he will be to the  province what baron Tupper is to the  Dominion. -As the representative of a progressive, government, his salary will, no  doubt, be fixed al a liberal sum. for the  colonel although already known to half  London will require considerable pocket  money to get well acquainted with the  other half.    _       CoNtiRKSs.MAN Bl.ANl) of Missouri is reported to have said that the coming to  Washington of the "commonweal" or  "industrial" armies is an indication ol. the  unrest and Uncertainty of the 'people;  these '���armies" have as much right to come  to Washington as the lobbies who come in  behalf of protection a.nd private intererts;  that''they are certainly "petitions with  boots'on.".'-     .";   ' .    ���'���      ���   ,-, ���" ...  NEWS   PERSONALITIES.  It is not unlikely that the khedive of  Fgypt will visit the United States before  a great while...-- He. is a young.man,, only  twenty years of age, stud, speaks seven  ��� languages. " .  Bourke Cockran has, it is said, the  largest .head in the United States house of  representatives, .John Allen the largest  feet, Botttelle the longest ears, and Amos  Cuinmings the quickest brain.  One of the Napoleonic princes',"���prince  Louis Napoleon, is serving in the Russian  army, lie speaks.-''.Russian like a native  and is-the strictest disciplinarian in the  service.   The niarilies dislike him.  The late general Early of -Virginia,  whose picturesque profanity caused him  to be known through the war as "Lee's  Bad Old Man," was in his later.-years,--accord ing to the testimony of a .Richmond  friend, "a daily reader and thorough  student of the Bible."  The shah of Persia is a great "caricaturist. The walls of his private apartments tire covered with plain white 'paper,  and on these he scribbles funny -.pictures  whenever the fancy takes him. 'When he  grows tired of them, they are washed off  or the room is re-papered.  King Oscar the Second of Sweden, the  handsomest1, aud, in many ways, the  cleverest occupant of a European throne  a t present, has com posed ���'.sm ode xo the  memory of Gounod, which is highly  praised. King 'Oscar is a poet and a scientific scholar, and is regarded as the most  learned monarch in the world. ;  Lars Kruse,   who   wtis drowned   a few  days ago, wtis one of the most famous men  of Denmark, lie wtis known to till seamen  tis the captain of the .I.utland-life-saving-  corps, antl lost his life in the effort to save  a life. He has saved hundreds of people  from watery graves���persons of almost  every nationality. .Eight kings had placed,  orders on his breast. There is talk oi'  placing a monument to his memory in the  Danish Pantheon.  Whenever members of theBritish royal  family marry, it is not the consent of the  queen that they must obtain, but that of  tihe chief of the family, the duke of Cumberland, head of the house of Brunswick-'  Lttneborg. in whose family statutes the  salic principles prevail. It was by virtue  ���of his ofliee as eldest surviving grandson  of king George the Third, and senior member of his house that the late king of  Hanover, fa ther of t he duke of Cumberland, was asked, for his sanction to the  marriage of the duke tind duchess of Teck.  This he declined to give, insisting that the  alliance..could be only, of-a morgan tic  character, owing to the duke of Teck not  being of royal birth.  A princess Galitztn, in tights and  spangles, i.s a bareback rider in a French  circus. A prince Krapotkine is a cabman  in Moscow. A prince Soltykoff is a porter  in a St. Petersburg meat-market. A  princess Dolgorouki is singing in concerts  in the United States. A prince Eristol'f is  serving a sentence of penal servitude for  stealing.  Henry George is at some pains to guard  himself from intrusion and econonii/.e his  time. The newspapers are read to him by  ;i������member of his fainiiy,.and callers who  tire not urgent for a personal interview  he.meets by proxy. lie is seen occasionally at out! of the few clubs he belongs to,  and he always surprises his friends by his  knowledge of current events.  Elijah Morse i.s the orthographical expert of congress, lie introduced a resolution the other day with reference lo  "llonndurns." lie writes tin acquaintance  he rloes not mind having the newspaper  talk about him, but he does object to being "ehnractured." and hi; informed one  of liis colleagues the other day that a  journalistic friend of his wrote over a  "sninbrique."  Dr. Gale/.owski, the famous Paris oculist,  will receive a fee of twenty-live thousand  dollii rs for his visit to Persia to attend to  a. son of the shah. Larger sums than this  have been declined by English practitioners. The late sir Morrell McKen/.ie  refused thirty thousand dollars to go on a  professional trip to New Vork. and Anderson Critchett did not,accept thirty-live  thousand dollars to visit India to treat  one of the native princes.  A Little Girl's Composition on Boys.  Hoys are men that ha ve not got tis  big  sis their papas, and girls tire women   that  will be young ladies  by tind  by.    When  God looked at Adam he said to himself:  "Well, I think lean do better if 1 try  again," aud then he intule Eve. God liked  Eve so much better than Adam that there  have been more women than men ever  since. Hoys tire a trouble. They wear  out everything but soap. If I had my  way. half of the boys in the world would  he girls, tind the rest would be dolls. My  papa is so nice that I think he must, have  been a little girl when he wtis ti little boy.  FLAGS   AND   ARMS.  Dominion of Canada has a Flag-. But Can You  Describe It?  Our Union .hick tittles back to I SO I only,  iu its present appearance. Prior to that  time there were but two crosses���the  broad, red cross of St. (ieorge with the  while edge, and the white, saltire cross of  St. Andrew on the blue field; to these  were added ,the narrow, red cross of St.  Patrick, at (he time of the union with  Ireland.  The name of "Union .lack" hits been  said to owe its derivation to James I.  (Fi: .lacquc)of England and.Vl.ofScotland ;  but as the real union of these countries  did not Lake place until 1707, Lhe story  may well be doubled, though this double-  cross banner was constituted the national  Hag of "Great Britain by a royal proclamation dated .iuly28Lh, of the same year -  'just S2 years' after "the British Solomon."  Jaines, by the grace of God, was 'laid to  rest in the cool shades of Westminster  Abbey.  '���A much more'plausible-reason for the  name is that it was derived from the  jacque,or surcotit, worn by soldiers in  olden times���-notablyduring the, wars of  the Crusades. The .jacque (jacket) had on  the breast tind oti the back a,large .colored  cross, so tlitit.thoseof the same division of  (lie army might -recognize .each..'other.  "The croise ! (crusader) from France wore  a red cross; those from beyond .the .Rhine  wore yellow. The cross of the Flemings  (Netherlands) was green; while those  worn on the surcotits of the English were  white; but all the Crusaders ''displayed a  small red cross, of woollen fabric, on the  right shoulder. At a later .period'-.'it appears that the cross of St. George was  recognized as emblematic of England, and  the crosses of St. Andrew and St. Patrick  as .pertain ing to Scotland .and' to Ireland  respectively. Now, iu those days, it was  customary to place a jacque above the  bowsprit of a -ship, so tlutt vessels approaching each other -'might see the distinguishing badge; and on ships belonging to the'Meets of the British isles, the  three crosses, together,* forming the  jacqu'es-unifc or "Uuion Jack." To this  day the little pole above the bows of a  British 'man-of-war is called the "Jack-  stiiH'."  True, we have ti Hag; but who can describe it? Only those versed in the  proper language of heraldry. Until the  Canadian almanac of the present year  .was issued it was doubtful if one person  in a thousand could tell'what ..was our  Canadian national tlag; antl today who  can tell the meaning of its complicated  device, even when they see it? Why':*  Because the arms of the Dominion (or.  rather of four of the'-provinces) are "a too  intricate "design" to be .remembered. It  is not in reason to 'suppose that a mixed  medley, a 'da/./.iihg"spla.sh'of color, should  be expected to .appeal to the national  sentiment of the masses;' tind there is no  reason why the "anus"' should 'occupy the  piace of a simple, .appropriate emblem,  which would be known and recognized by  the Canadian people from the .Atlantic to  the Pacific. Does Ontario, Quebec, Nova  Scota, and New Brunswick, alone compose  our Dominion: Have not the provinces  of Manitoba, -Prince Edward Island, and  British Columbia (and the Northwest Territories) the same right to be represented  ou the Mag by their provincial arms also?  'Some'may affirm'.that the arms of five  provinces arc to be seen on the Mag, and���  in many cases���seven are placed there;  yet the authorities recognize only the  four mentioned.  The arms of Canada, as tin escutcheon,  are in their proper place; although, in  deference to heraldic requirement it  would be better to have eight provinces  or territories .represented'than--the otld  seven, but they should not be on the Mag.  It can not be doubted that.it" this multiform cognizance were eliminated from  our ensign, and in place of it the authorities would adopt some neat, appropriate,  symbol���as, for instance, the maple leaf  and beaver, or a wreath of maple leaves���  the government would be congratulated  on its good sense, and Canadians would  rejoice at the change. Thus we should  have an emblem worthy of our country,  a truly representative device,, on the  grandest Hag that ever waved over a free  antl enlightened people���the British ensign! There is no more prosperous country on the face of the earth, today, than  our own, antl tlie events of the past year  have proved that we are equalled by few  in point of liuauuial integrity, and ex-  called by none in the spirit of national  progress. Nevertheless, we might take a  lesson from our sister colony, Australia,  in the matter of a denotative badge on  the ensign of the empire. In the colony  of Victoria, it is a constellation of live  stars (the Southern Cross); in New South  Wales, it is a red cross, on which are four  stars, lion in lhe centre; in Queensland,  it is ti blue Mtillii.sc cross, crown in the  centre; Western Australia, has a black  swan on a yellow disc,���-all on the lly of  the British' ensign. These tire simple and  approprin te emblems, tind when the colonies are federated, it is not likely that  Australians will place a menagerie on  their new flag.  THE   FUR   TRADE.  London Dealers  Fix Prices  for  the American  Dealers.  Montana from ISiiii to ISS2 was an important field for the capture of trade in  peltries, and was for many years previous  to the lirst date a disputed domain,  wherein the Hudson's Bay Company and  various American associations contended  I'or the mastery of the business. The  Hudson's Bay corporation wtis at length  deposed from the territory to which it  had never hail a title and was compelled  to retire beyond the south line borders of  Prince Rupert's land, where its chartered  rights lay. within British jurisdiction.  Following the lirst (hiring missionaries  of the Jesuit order, whose fervent faith  emboldened them to penetrate far into  the untrodden wilderness beyond the  great lakes in their holy desire to carry  the saving word, came in pi roi pies of the  French   Canadian   voyageurs   along  the  frontier water-ways, and after these the  agents   antl   woodmen  of   the American  'companies.  At Fort Benton on the Missouri river  tin important point was established, and  many residents of British Columbia, even,  remember seeing the great warehouses at  that trailing point laden with the commercial trophies of the chase. The great  herds of buffalo were followed by mighty  packs of wolves, aud so important did the  business of pursuing these become, that  hundreds of men known tis "wolfers" engaged exclusively in it. tind the business  of outfitting thein became a considerable  commercial undertaking.  The era of the notable fur trade in Montana practically closed with the great buffalo hunt in ISSI and ISS2, and the rapid  settlement of the valleys which followed  the construction of the transcontinental  lines through the country soon put an end  to the occupation of the trapper, as has  been popularly believed. _ It is true however that ti large busines in peltries is still  going on, iind Livingston on the Vc.llow-  stonc river is at Lhe present time one of.  the most important fur-trad ing centers  in the west. At that place a Mr.  Sheard is agent for tt linn of dealers in  furs in London, England, and the floors  of his warehouse are tit times of shipment  literally piled with bear hides and the  skins of a varied assortment of aninmls  whose very existence is lost sight of by  everybody except the student of natural  history, among which were the following,  the prices in the Loudon market is set  opposite:  (it) I'luck beiii- Nu. 1   rut Hi-own bom-   S7 Urizy.ly bcur   :'.71,*i .Murluiis      i'u Alusku snhlus   Will Mink   ',I7;~> liuiivur   70 KisIilt   l-lfi 111 tin-   ���'00 l.ynx ,   l.S-.O I'rairio wolf   ���Jill) Wild cut      il') llnilKur   lO.tKln Musk rat   filil) I {ml f��x   __;") Cross fox   '.!:"> HI no fox       li Silvur-Ki'uy fox   ���Ifli White fox   II! Sen ottei-   liS Wolverines   ll.*> Fur seals   A sale takes place about every (K) days  in the London market during Lhe season  and a shipment is made each month.  Those furs are shipped from till parts of  the country, from points in Manitoba,  British Columbia, Alaska. Northwest Territories, Oregon, Washington. Idaho,  Wyoming, Dakota, and all parts of Montana.  An examination of the furs in detail is  full of interest and many tire exceedingly  handsome. Under the influence of the  times the market in Loudon, which is the  fur e nporium of the world, is much depressed iind reductions are quoted from  10 to (50 per cent lower than March, 1S03.  WILLIAM PERDUE  ..S 10 (X) lo �� fit) Ot)  10 IK)    "  ;10 00  It) 01)   ���  ;V) 00  1 OU    '  7 00  :i no  '  IS 00  fill   '  1 oil  1 fid   "  8 00  ���1 00   "  10 00  1 00    "  10 no  1 (10   "  .1 0,1  ;->0   "  1 00  .10    "  1 III)  ill)    "  I 00  I fill    "  i i't  3 00   "  10 IK)  ���1 0(1   "  ,'io on  :ij on  ������  _..'>() ou  I 1)0   "  :. so  200 110    "  .'.Ml 00  1 00   "  ���1  00  ;1 0(1   "  17 00  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will contract to supply mining companies antl-steam  boats with fresh incuts, and deliver sumo at any mine  or landing in   the   Kootenay  take country.  NELSON Office and Market, 11 Bast Baker St.  KASLO MARKET, Fourth Street.  MEAT IAMETS.  WILSON  & BURNS  (Successors to Burns. Meliines & Co.)  Wholesale and retail dealers in stock and dressed  incuts. Are prepared to furnish in any (|uantity  beef. pork, mutton, veal, bacon, and ham. at, the  lowest possible prices.  Nelson, Kaslo, and Three Forks  ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.  Hunter &  McKinnorij  General Merchants,  New   Denver  and   Silverton.  ICcep on hand at. both   places everything required by  the prospector, miner, and mine owner.  Now is the time to order your Spring Suit.  J. SOME  Has just received his stock  of Tweed, Serge, and Worsted  Suitings and Trouserings.  Prices to Suit the Times.  PLEASURE GROUNDS.  The undersigned will have his grounds at. Kivo Mile  Point, ready for picnics, pleasure parties, and excursions  bv Mav 1st. .Special rates will be inr.de with sleainboiits  aiid railways. It. K. l'KUKV.  Five Mile Point, March UOI.h, ISIII.  'T^'Wii  -^,_ho��**'_��I��t^  NOTICE.  The, silting of the county court, of ICootenay, lo he  holden id Nelson, has been postponed until Monday, the  2Isfcdayof May, A.l). 1KSII.  T. II. (ilFKIN*. Registrar.  Nelson, H. t".. December lllh, 18!��.  C. & K. S. N. Co. (Ltd.)  TIME   TABLE   NO. 5.  In ot.'eet, Tuesday, May 1, IK.II.  Revelstoke  Route���Steamer Columbia.  Connecting with   the Canadian  I'ncillc  Kailway (main  lino) for all points oast, and west.  Leaves Hevelstoke on Tuesdays and Kridays at I a. m.  Leaves Itohson on Wednesdays and Hal unlays at S p. in.  Northport Route���Steamer Columbia.  Connect ing at Northport for points north and south on  the .Spokane Fulls & Northern liailwnv.  Leaves Itohson Wcdne-days and Saturdays al "fl a. in.  Leaves Northport Wednesdays and .Saturdays at 1 p. m.  Knslo  Route���Steamer Nelson.  Connecting with NcImmi  _t   Fort, Sheppard Kailway I'or  fur Spokane and all points east and wiM.  Leaves NMOLSON��� Leaves KASLO---  Mondays at !l a. in. Sundays at, .S a. m.  Wednesdays at .">: 1(1 p. in.        Tiicsdays nl :t a. m.  Thursdays at f> p. in. Tliur.-iliivs at Sil, lit.  Saturdays at .1:10 p. in. Friday.-, ill ',1 a. m.  Bonner's Ferry Route���Steamer Spokane.  Connecting with (treat Northern railway for all east-  ern points, Spokane and Ihe (.'oust.  I .en ves Ivaslo at ,'t a, in. and Nelson nl 7:1.1 a. iu. on Tuesdays and Fridays.  Leaves Honner's Ferry at _. a. in. on Wednesdays and  Sal unlays,    The conipany reserves the right lo change lliis schedule  at any time without notice.  For full information, as to tickets, rates! etc., apply at  the coni|iiinv's ollice. Nelson, H.C.  T. Al.LAS', Secretary.       .1. W. TIIOUP. Manager.  Spokane Falls & Northern Bailway,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway.  All Rail to Spokane, Washington.  Leave 7 A.M.  .NKLSON Arrive .1:10 P.M.  Commcuciiu; January Sth, 1SH. on Tuesdays and Fridays trains will run through to Spokane, arriving there'  at ;">:.'i() P. M. same day. Itetuniing will leave Spokane  at 7 A. JI. on Wednesdays and Saturdays, arriving at  Nelson at. ;)_!() P. _NL, making close connections with  steamer Nelson I'or all Kootenay lake points.  NKW IMCNVKU LOTS���Lots !) and II) (100 by 120 feet).  Hlock I, in government, part of New Denver. Price  StiOll: SUSO cash, balance to l.lic government.  A ISO-AC I IK KANCII, situated on the outlet. 12 miles  northeast of Nelson. Ton acres cleared and 100 acres  more that can be: 10 acres iu wild hay. Good story  aud a half hewed-log house. Price, .?__000; half cash,  timeon balance. Title crown grant.  Call on or address  John Houston & CO,, Nelson, B. C.  Hotel for Sale.  (The estate of McFaeliron & Co. in liquidation.)  THE HOTEL SLOCAN,  TIIK PRINCIPAL HOTKL IN TIIF CITY OF KASLO.  This house occupies two lots on the corner  of 4th street and A avenue and is 50 by  100 feet in size. It has three floors and  about 70 bed-rooms, nearly all of which  are furnished.  Arrangements have been made by which the lots can  he sold with the house. The house has been running  eight niontlis and has done a paying business, and which  hy good management could be greatly improved. For  terms and particulars apply to  Kaslo, H.-C.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Assignee.  December 18th. 1S!).'I.  Kootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  A full stock of lumber rough anil dressed. Shingles,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry,  clear Mr flooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  NELSON STEAM  SASH AND BOOR FACTORY  SASH. 1)001 t.S, AND WINDOW FltAMKS  MADK TO OKDKK.  Estimates Given on Building Supplies.  TU'ltNING, .SUHFACINC. AND MATCHINC.  Orders from any town in the Kootenay Lake country  promptly attended to.   (iencral jobbing of all kinds.  RICHARD STUCKEY, Proprietor.  .John M. KekI'-eu. Jamkh W. Skai.k.  KEEFER  &  SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  Job teaming done.    Have several hundred cords of good  wood, whicli will he sold at reasonable prices.  LKAVl'.    CIUDI'.KS   AT  J.  P.  Hume   &   Co.'s.   Vernon  Street,   Nelson.  Nelson   Livery Stable  ��  Passengers and baggage  transferred to and   from tho  railway depot and steamboat landing.   Freight  hauled and job teaming done.   Stove  wood for sale.  Wild JAM WILSON PROPRTWTOK  NOTICE OF ASSIGNMENT.  Pursuant, to the "Creditors' Trust Deeds Act, 18(10."  Notice is hereby given that .dunes McDonald and  .lames .Smart, trading under the linn name of .lames McDonald & Company, of the town of Nelson, province of  Hritish Columbia, furniture dealers, have by deed bearing date the llth dav of April, 1811-1. assigned all their real  and perMinal properly liable to execution unto William  A. .lowett of the said town of Nelson, agent, in trust for  the benelit. of all their creditors. The said deed of assign-  menl was executed by the said assignors and trustee on  the llth day of April. A. I). 1S!M. All persons having any  claim against the said (Inn of .lames McDonald & Company arc herebv required to forward particulars of the  snnie, dnlv vended, to the said trustee, William A.  .Jowett, on or before the 1st day of June, A. II. 1H!M, and  all persons indebted to the said firm are rc<|nested lo pay  the amount of such indebtedness tothe said tru.-tee forthwith. Ailer the said 1st, day of June, WM. the trustee  will proceed to distribute the assets of the said estate  amongst the parties entitled thereto, having regard only  to the claims of which he shall then have received notice.  JOHN KLLIOT. linker street. Nelson,  .Solicitor for the trustee.  lined, this 17lh day of April. 1K!M.  tt_L"*��H!SLW!!��J__lMll!IU��_'ll_!US._l__l  ��MJ!lMm^llUU����!IM��H��lUJIIJ��'���RyM_���iU'll_l��UIVMl!ra!IKl��J_W  ���_wam��W!i_.ji'.i'i-iiLHiMi-_iju-iuij.��.,  r _'t**-___?,,_i ���  *������-; t ;���  ������ l-*<; Brt  r'i>-.l*;?f''i-.'  J. ��� "������"yii- THE  TRIBUNE:   tfETLSOtf,   B. (1, SATURDAY, MAY   x  ISO-/  o  ���J  ^���T^ffj���.y-rw rrmu*c-ji  _-i____M_^___y-_l��fci*i  New Denver, situated as it is at the mouth of Carpenter Creek, on the east side of Slocan Lake, is within easy reach  of every mine in the g-reat Sloean Mining* Division of West Kootenay District, and, notwithstanding* all reports to the  contrary, is the only town so situated. It is one of the few townsites in West Kootenay whose owners can give absolute title to lots. Business men, mining men, miners, and prospectors, desiring either sites for stores, offices, or  residences, will be liberally dealt with.    Prices range from $25  for residence lots to $500 for business  lots.    Apply  to  ��  Capital,  Rest,  all paid  up,     ���  $12,000,000  6,000,000  Sir DONALD  A.  SMITH   Hon. OKO.  A.  DUUMMOND...  K. S. CLOUSTON   N. W. Cor. Baker and Stanley Streets.        HUANCIIKS  IN        LONDON (England), NEW YORK, CHICAGO,  and in the principal cities in Canada.  Huy and sell Sterling  Fxchaiigc and  Gable Transfers.  OHANT COM.MHKCIAI, AM) TU.IVIXI.KU.S' UUKDITS,  available in any part of the world.  PttAKTS  ISSUKl); COl.1.MOTIONS  MAPI-:;  KTO.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  RATK OF JNTIOItKST (at present) :ii Per Conf.  WOMANLINESS AS A PROFESSION.  The question liore discussud was one  sure to arise, anions us, in America, .sooner  or Ittter; and one, among the thoughtful,  and those who watch the signs of the  future, also sure to arouse interest of a  special tmd peculiar kind. With the increasing facilities for the higher intellectual development now offered to the  American woman, along witli her sisters  the world over���only in greater degree,  and more generally, to the American than  to any other���the effect whicli such development would have upon her essential  .womanliness was bound to become a  matter of anxious observation. 11 i.s so become, in many quarters, now. People are  trying, to find out how the "higher education "affects the women of other countries,  and seeking to compare the notes and  suggestions thus gathered up with what  is to be seen here. Whether the higher  education shall be given the sex is no;  longer at all the affair considered. It is  conceded that the thing must be done;  the experiment is made; the point now i.s  to observe; what will come next. For,  certainly, unless we were very shortsighted, We were 'prepared for the fact  that something would come next. One  subjects nothing organic to a chttnged environment with any sane impression that  it wilfremain exactly as it was before the  change.  At this present moment those who, .with  us, are giving attention  to  this  problem  are divided   into  two camps.    The  first  camp gives forth  an  utterance already  grown familiar in a short space  of time.  Its  tone is  laudatory.   It   testifies  that  women are daily gaining in self-reliance:  that the methodical training their minds  receive to fit them for professions aud for  business positions, tends to render them,  even in general matters, more accurate in  conception, more precise in execution, less  under the dominion of ths sudden impulse  and instinct, more capable of  reasoning,  and of judging of things as reason, uniiii-  piissionedly, presents them.   All these consequences  of woman's higher intellectual  activities are  pronounced  to  be unquestioned.   The praise  rises  here tind there  to   the ke.y   of   enthusiasm.     If   women  have, in this brief .span,  accomplished  so  much, what, it-is asked, will they not yet  accomplish?   There is a joyful clamor  in  the air.    Hut there  is the second  camp:  tlie second view.    And it is to be remarked  that there are some authoritative  voices  in this other and quieterchorus: and that  from thence  there conies a  vision which  .seems to reach a little farther aud deeper,  which appears  to have an intuition   for  the substance and drift of things,  rather  than for the temporary show of them.    In  this second group of observers  tire  men  who have had   university training; men  whose occupations are  literary,   intellectual, artistic; and men  of science; physicians notably.   These men do not say so  much about  the  new roads  that  women  are travelling; but they think more.    And  it is beginning to be borne in upon us that  their thinking is  touched  with   tt doubt,  ,-i     delicate    apprehension.      The     man  whose   own   intellectual    faculties   have  the  ripeness and   the  flexible  play that  the   largest   culture gives,   is   beginning  to ask  himself  whether the intellectual-  ized American womanhood promises to be  as   interesting _ as   womanhood    always  should be on this earth.    If he happen to  have studied the  young girls  who leave  our women's colleges, the young  woman  wiio tiet as  professors  in   the same, the  youthful doetresses in our large cities, he  is conscious, on the whole, of a faint, chill  misgiving.    It is not that flies*, exponents   President   Vice-President   General Manager  ;  of the new  feminine ambition  have  not  many most admirable qualities, there is tt  lack of quality, precisely; of the quality;  he womanly quality.    Now, when such a  man as litis been described recognizes this  lie is apt; to turn cold, tind to  ask   himself  whether there be not .something amiss in  .i. scheme ol' education   which   brings  together all'tho elements  of influence, tmd  then   leaves out altogether the one magic  ingredient  which   shall   set    the    forces  of    that    influence    free.       The    physician    on    his    pari,   floes    not    concern  hiniselr   with    womanly magic:    or with  the    high    spiritual    and   {esthetic    uses  of inlluence   ttt   till.      His   view  goes   to  the roots of life.    Hut what  he assures us  that he sees there, and the opinions whicli  lie derives  from  what   he   sees, tire   not  more   encouraging.     The   strain   of   the  higher education, he says, the preparation  I'or   collegiate    courses,   undermines,    in  American   girls,   the   bases   of   physical  health.    Women whose constitution   has  been subjected to this mental  strain  at a  time when it was unfit for divided  labor,  go through after-life, till  too often, tis sufferers, incapable of fulfilling adequately  the essential functions of  womanhood, of  gaining or giving   happiness   as wife   or  mother.    Moreover,   the  physician  attributes, not directly to  too  much   intellectual knowledge, certainly, but  indirectly  to the restlessness, the desire for.personal  freedom, instilled   in .women by all  the  fresh departures  taken by their'sex, that  disinclination to assume the graver sacrifices of  marriage, that  tendency to  look  upon  its  deeper significance as a cross,  now characterizing tin  increasingly large  number of young wives, whose  interests  tire social rather than  mental.-   With'the  lirst contention of our physician  it is not  iu the purpose of these remarks- to deal;  excepting  in so far as to   men tion   that  knowledge of the lives of  European girls,  who have gone through a course of study  as exacting tis any demanded  here, discloses no such examples of invalidism as  .the medical man   would  point  to among  our women.   With a.second contention���  that the modern American woman, of the  most cultivated classes, and in the largest  cities, cares less and less to   be  a   wife,  these, remarks have, however, to deal; for  the imputation meets the disappointment  of the university man, of the American of  culture, on the same ground, and the conclusions of both agree as to the same fact  ��� the absence, namely,.of the womanly,in  the  representative American  woman of  the moment.  At this juncture it may be well to look  a little more closely at what is understood  by womanliness. Here we are confronted  at once by the perception tlutt a different  meaning would be attached to the word,  according as it would be used by the peoples of the Latin extraction and by ourselves. To those peoples, who have the  collective-social idea, in opposition to our  Anglo-Saxon individualist ideal, the  value, the preciousness, and the intrinsic  efficacy of all things must lie in the  greater or less degree of thoroughness and.  perfection with which they evolve into  visible act and function the principle of  diversity, of specialization, inherent in  their being. The ideal of the social races  has been defined as "the ideal of the  equality of individuals in a graduated  order of functions;" and our own individualist ideal as "'the ideal of the equality  of individuals in a general equality of  functions." For a Frenchman, an Italian,  a Spaniard, then, womanliness in a woman means personification, in every individual case, of those abstract conceptions which the feminine principle eternally typifies. On the one hand, womanliness will consist, therefore, in a constant  passive charm, the human expression, as  it were, of the silent allurement which  nature litis made, throughout till her  orders, the typical attitude of the feminine.    This, so to   put  it, is  This, so to put it, is the physical  characteristic. On the other hand..womanliness will mean divination of mysteries  not seen by sight, nor apprehended by  reason, but conveyed to woman, instinctively, by her closer contact with the  most sacred tind occult operations of  nature, and reacting from her upon man  iu the form of tin ethereal stimulant to  finer endeavor, a vague, high promise of  divine rewards. This is the spiritual  characteristic. The Latin is, to both this  physical and this spiritual characteristic  of womanliness, more sensitive than the  Anglo-Saxon. Wherefore it happens that  he respects women both less and more  than the Anglo-Saxon. The notion of  womanliness of the Knglishnuin, the  American, is more neutral, has less of  either extreme. The element of allurement, of charm, does not count so much  for him���whereby it chances that, from  certain aspects, his civilization is the  cleaner. The spiritual characteristic predominates over the physical in his ideal.  The womanly woman is the good mother,  the devoted wife, the gentle sister, the  quiet guardian of the hearth-fire. Vet  she it notso much the holder of those mysteries of which we spoke, and thus her  position, while never so low, perhaps, tis  it is possible for it to become with the  Latin peoples, is never, either, in some  senses, so high. If the best definition of  womanliness that one can arrive at be, in  brief, that it is  the consciousness  in  wo  men of  their difference  from  men���and  there is none, so far as one can  see, more  adequate, one is inclined  to acknowledge  that the idea of the Latin is tit  least the  fuller, the more complete.    It was  to the  most happy fusion of  the charm  on   the  one side, and of the spiritual   influence on  the other,   to   which were due   some   of  those,. Frenchwomen   of   the   eighteenth  century, which, even to the Anglo-Saxon,  seem a  type of attractive,  of womanly  women.    Hut,   be   this   as   it   may.   the  Frenchman, the Italian, holds fast  to his  belief in  specialization,   in  the separate,  the ''graduated order of  functions.'"   For  him to conceive of tiny plan of training or  influence whL:h should make women more  like  men in   the essential   attributes   of  character���which  should  do away,  tit a  blow  with the subtlest and  deepest distinction iu nature���would bo to go counter  to the direction  of  his  civilization.    Our  individualist civilization, with its equality  of  individuals  "in   tin equality of   functions,"  its  pervading  feeling  that  what  one man can do another man can  do also  - and. ergo, that what one man  can do a  woman can   likewise���tends, on   the con-  tray, in every  way  to efface,  instead of  emphasizing, the difference in the social  and mental  attributes of the sexes.    In  America, where Anglo-Saxon   individualism has reached its  supreme expression,  there is   also   found   most  strongly   the  trend of equalization between women and  men.    All   this,   in   substance, litis   been  said before. ..'But what has not been sufficiently noted is the. present want of logic  in referring to advanced education, a lack  of  -'womanliness   in   American    women,  when the deficiency, if it exist, is the result of   the   combined   elements   of  our  social life.  The thoughtful manwho lias misgivings  looks over to France, and asks what the  outcome of advanced feminine education  is there; whether women there, under its  effect, tend to become less womanly,  less wifely, less motherly, less capable of  the domesticities, and less interested iu  them. His query may, so far, be rapidly  answered in the negative. Moreover, it is  the least likely of things that it ever will  be answered otherwise. Al. Jules Simon,  than whom no one in France litis done  more for the cause of the higher instruction of women, recently wrote of his  experience in obtaining a minor decoration for a certain young woman, whose  deserts such official recognition seemed to  be, in terms which in their entirety one  would like to reproduce on this page.  After pronouncing himself as averse to  the idea of decorating women, on the plea  that, not" the act of conferring the  decoration, but the desire for that,  public distinction in the woman herself, offended some instinct in him,  he owns that he finally yielded to  the ���pressure brought upon by the  young woman's friends, and.ended by becoming as keen about the project as they  ���were, and, putting into play such official machinery as he could control, by  obtaining the coveted order, which, executed in the best manner by the jeweler  a la mode, was duly placed beneath the  candidate's napkin at dinner. During the  little function that followed innocent enthusiasm ran high, and-tears lay close to  smiles. Hut, on the morrow, a knock tit  the door of Al. Simon ushered in the  young woman, who, a little shy, a little  deprecating, deposited the order on his  desk. She had decided not to accept it.  Unqualified resentment on the part of her  sponsor, who sees himself niaderidiculotts,  the fruit of till his official efforts thrown  back upon him without ceremony. Hut  the young woman was saying gently, ap-  petdingly: "Mon pttrrtiin. have we many  greater painters than Kosa Honheur?"  "No." "Have their been greater instances of heroism on the battle-field than  have been displayed by some of our sisters  of charity, our hospital nurses? Then,  until the great orders���the greatest  orders, the men's orders, go to them. I  must leave this here." And. detecting  the softening in her old friend's eye, she  tupped him prettily on the arm with her  glove. "1 saw, my sponsor," smiling,  "the daintiest of little bracelets in a shop  window. If you were to buy me that,  instead?"  Our own women of progressive ideas  may not think well of this charming anecdote, perhaps. Hut it is a little story,  perfectly illustrative of the woman of the  Latin races, who, today, has entered the  advanced movement. It defines the attitude with  whicli she holds herself there.  Vou meet, in Paris, a girl who litis taken  the highest degrees tha-t the Republic confers. Vou find her like any other jotuie  fi I lo; unassuming, saying little, home-loving; and, you hear, very thoroughly  drilled in household duties. There is no  restlessness in her, no straining, apparently, after new social conditions. She fits  into the framework of her surroundings  quite, it would seem, as she would have  done before the higher instruction wtis  thought of. There are traces of ti state of  things more familiar to us. in Italian and  French life, to be sure. Hut they are to  be met in the great social world, where  Anglomania prevails, bringing with the  mannish brusquorie and emancipation of  the modern woman who aims to be a "good  fellow."      And    thisis    not   the   woman  whose influence  is deepest  upon  the national life anywhere.  Nor should  one   make  the  mistake of  supposing   that   if   advanced   education  does not, in the  Latin countries,   impair  the womanliness of the  mass of women  who   enjoy   its   benefits,   while  here,   in  .America, that undesirable result appears  to be achieved, the reason is to be sought  iu   the different courses   of   instruction  which may be pursued  in  the two eases.  There tire   such   distinctions,   and    they  have their effect.    Hut the real cause  lies  in the two different civilizations, the two  different  environments.    No  amount of  instruction   for  them,   unless   the  whole  national    spirit    of   Franco    should   be  changed, will ever, it is to be surmised,  lessen in French-women the keen instinct  of a special function���social, spiritual, emotional.   One nmy a priori suppose  that  wider  knowledge, tmd  a  firmer grip of  facts,   nmy  indeed  broaden  and deepen,  and philosophize, this instinct, so thttt it  might be deemed   possible that the  first  contributions to those sociological studies,  which in the natural distribution of hibor.  will eventually fall to the share of women,  and for which they tire  especially fitted,  will come  from' the highly  trained   tind  intellectual   woman   of   the   Latin  race,  rather than from her Anglo-Saxon cousin,  be she, on her side, ever so highly brained,  and   intellectual "likewise.    If  the latter  shall be found to have taken  a false departure, to be on the.--wrong track, to be  wasting time in  seeking  to establish an  impossible  "equality   of  functions"   between herself and the other sex, we shall  be manifestly unjust in placing the whole  brunt of the evifon tlie new developmental'her brain powers. -Education only intensifies the -predispositionsImplanted by  the racial ideal.   If, in America, it should  make women less womanly, it is that our  American life fosters germs that'tend  from   the   initial  stages  to  of  of  of  that result  growth.  The first effect of our American plan  coeducation, and of the large liberty  intercourse not only allowed to-our girls  and boys, but thrust upon them, is to do  away, so far as may be, with the feeling  of separateness. There is nothing iu the  callow* love-making that.springs from this  juvenile association that is likely to make  a girl deeply conscious of her womanhood.  She is, in the tone of her thought and life,  not very different from the young boys  'to'whom she either does, or does not,  niultitudinotisly engage herself. This is  what We prefer. We think it saner,  healthier. That point is not here discussed. But it is certain that we cannot  eat our cake and have it too. Furthermore, if the manner of the girl's relations  with the other sex, at the beginning of  her career, is not such as would be calculated to develop the sense of her difference from men, which we are agreed is  the essence of .the quality of womanliness,  neither are the latter conditions that surround her in society to make good the  deficiency. Practically, we have, in  America, no social intercourse between  men and women. After the unripe boy--  and-girl period has been passed, and both  sexes have entered into consciousness of  themselves, each goes very much its own  way. The woman of the new fashion meets  men in business offices, in the varied exercise of hetv new avocations, bub it is as one  good comrade meets another. The married   woman,   among the  large   mass  of  Americans, has, for masculine society, her  'husband.- This, again, is as we wish it to  be. Hut it may be that an unnecessary  alarm, a false Puritanism, too much seek,  with us, to prevent the natural, mutually  improving intercourse of mature men and  women. Those attractive and womanly  women of the French salons were what  they were because the men of their time  intule them so. They stocked their wits,  not from books, but from the talk of the  men who gathered about them to enjoy  tin interchange of ideas. They learned  how to live from life itself. They had the  subtle intuition of the relative values  an I positions of things that is the fruit of  the highest feminine culture: the connais-  stinces generales, which a French author  pronounces indispensable to tiny womanly  effectiveness. Americans rest too exclusively iu the fact that some of these  women were not morally irreproachable.  Others were, and these wielded equal influence, equal charm. Today, in France,  the meetingof men tind women in society,  for the interchange of ideas, is said to be  less easy and prevalent than in days gone  by. A recent writer grieves over "the  malicious wind that seems to scatter and  disperse" those groups which people  would like to form for the purpose of  rational and agreeable talk. Hut enough  of this facility of meeting remains to educate the Frenchwoman iu the consciousness of herself: in the understanding of  her weak and her strong points: enough  to form her, in short, in the profession of  svonianliness: that profession which is. at  the end of the ends, the one absolutely  essential, tlie one which, ttnmastered.  makes till others go for naught.  Obviously, with theconditions for itthiis  failing, this profession will not be brought  to the same perfect pitch with us; and  not even according to the Anglo-Saxon  ideal of womanliness, which we have seen  to be a less complex one than   the Latin,  Snid .Mr.-. A.  Tn .Mrs. .1.  In i|liile a eoiilldeuliiil way,  "It .-.eems In mi:  That Mrs. II.  Take- to inili-li    -omethine; in her lea.  And Mrs. .1.  Tn Mr-. I\\  That very iiijilil was heard to mij-.  "Slir K'rievi-d In I (inch  I 'pun il    iiiui-h,  Hut Mr.-.. II. took    -11>.--11 nnd such!''  Then .Mrs. K.  Went straiKht away,  And I old a friend I lie self-saine dav,  " T.vas sail t(i think.  one niorequiet. more intimate.    For there  are social   conditions, or  more   precisely,  emotional   conditions���here   we have the  great word ! ��� that 'make women womanly,  and keep them   even  so in the American  conception of the guardian of the hearth-  fire, and the gentle and steadfast helpmate.    If those be sufficiently strong, the  highest  stimulus   that   will   be given   to  woman's   brains   can,   in   till   safety,  he  trusted never to make her wish to wander  very far astray from her initial missions.  . Hut they are, as it appears, nob sufficiently  strong in America.    And of this American  men   cannot   rightfully   complain,   since  what they tire now beginning to see about  them, and to deprecate, is  first  the  consequence of their own mode of life, which  they could alter if they chose, tind second,  the consequence of llieir national temper-  nieut, whicli, of course, they cannot alter.  For   the   average   American   male   is   a  cold   eteature.   outside   of   his   business  and      his     politics    one     who     courts,  tind   marries,   by instinct,  but  in   whom  apprehension of the heights tind depths of  these  delicate  matters i.s as  yet   in   the  rudimentary stage.   This lack of the emotional in the atmosphere   with   which  he  surrounds  himself  reacts perceptibly on  the American  woman.    He glories in   it  himself.    But   there are  times  when  he  does not love  its results  so  well.    It  has  been   deplored   that the   American   girl  should show so un-American  a   fancy for  marrying into foreign  nobilities.    Titles-  are supposed to be  the  word  of incantation, in all.'these'cases.    It is soothing to  the American to tell  him  this; but  it is  not tt conclusion borne out. by the  facts.  Any knowledge at all thorough of those international'marriages discloses   too many  instances in which the affections are  involved,  as   well as   the ambitions.    The  American girl nitty smile at the   prospect  of the 'name and the blazon, tind the bridegroom consider carefully the  settlements  that will come with the bride.    And still  this does not shut out  the  fact that the  two young  people  may be very much in  love   with   each   other.    Some   of   these  marriages  are   unhappy.     So   arc  some  marriages   among    Americans.      But ��� it  would be  foolish   to refuse to  recognize  the many' times  when   they tire,   on   the  contrary,  extremely -happy.    As a-lover,  the  European  has several   points iu   his  favor   beyond   the   American;    and   the  American girl litis never been slow to find  this out.  An Italian, a man of wide and generous  culture, was given, some time since, several of the novels of Air. Mo wells to read.  After absorbing them .attentively he inquired if the women therein portrayed  ��� would,'by Americans, be considered representative. He wtis told that, taking the  average. American woman the land  through, they might so be considered.  *'Che tiipi!���-What curious types;" was his  thoughtful comment, in .a .���moment. "It  must be in some part the fault of your  American men. ���Vour women do not  seem to have received the higher cultivation of the sentiments, of the emotions."  What he felt- wtis the hick of measure and  harmony,.and the presence of that which  was either hysterical and crude, or bald  and partly sexless, in the feminine nature  dissected by Air. Howells's pen.  I'or there i.s ti culture of the emotions.  And so long as mi cure persists in developing the centre part of women's brain less  than that of men, and the back part more,  there will be some good reason why this  culture should be an important matter.  Nothing is brought, to our consciousness  more clearly, iu these last years of the  century, than the sense that the study of  the emotions must indeed soon descend  from tin; vague and cloudy regions which  hitherto have been its abode, into its  rightful place under the light of modern  experimental knowledge. The latest drift  of physiology, of psychiatry. points  steadily in this direction. We are beginning to divine that tht- passions have  their laws and their hygiene: even as the  delicate problems of the will may some  day be solved with scientific exactitude.  Upon those matters never second, in life,  to the importance of the pure idea- we  look, with the advancement of the mental  differentiation of the sexes to see the  women of the future throw the clearest  illumination. Already those whom we  feel to be typical in "flic best way, have  intuitions here transcending those of men  .Meanwhile, if the Anglo-Saxon woman  makes the mistake of supposing that the  most extreme development possible to her  along the lines of the intellect can free  her from the emotional side of life, it is  perhaps not a fatal one. It- is by way of  intellectual knowledge that many woman,  after uncertain stumbling, may enter, in  the fullest sense, into the right comprehension of the great law of specialization.  The Oriifin of Scandal.  Here came a wink��� -  "That ll:\ II. was fond of drink!"  The friend's di-Kiist  Was such she must  Inform a Indv whom .she nursed  Thai Mrs. It.  At. half-past three  Was thuL far gone she couldn't .sen.  This lady we  Have mentioned, .-he  (iavc needlework to Mrs. H.  Aud at such news  Could scarcely choose  lint further needlework refuse.  Then Mrs Ji.  As you'll ajjree.  Quite properly said-that she  Would track  The scandal hack  To those who made her look mi black.  (, Through Mrs. K.  And Mrs. .1.  She KOI at. last at Mrs. A.  And n-ked her why.  Willi cruel lie.  She painted her so deep a dye?  Said .Mrs. A.  Ill Mime dismay,  "I no .such tiling did ever-ny;  I said that you  Much don I or grow  On loo much supir- which you do."  HOTEL  Situate on Vernon  Street, Near Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  Its Guests can Obtain  Splendid Views  of Both the  Mountains and River.  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  Al  THE ROOMS  .k coxv i-:xi knt an it  COMKOKTAULK.  THE TABLE  is tiik bust ix tiik  _MOUNTAIXS.  Special Attention to Miners.  THE BAR IS FIRST-CLASS.  THE MADDEN  JL  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE  MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is  Newly Furnished Throughout.  THE TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE   BAR  IS Sl'I'I'I.IKD WITH  TIIK  HKST  KINDS OK WINKS. I.IQt'OKS.  HI.AND.S OK AM.  AND CIGAKS.  Special Attention to Miners.  ILVER KING  HOTEL  l-Aleii-ivo  imprin enienl-   now ri>iii|ili-l<-d   uuike-  tlu- iil.mr hold (  of the hi-.-l   in llie city   1ml li  for I iiin-ieiil ;_.iii'-ts ;uiil day honi-tler-.  FINEST  WINES,   LIQUORS. AND  CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  JOHN JOHNSON,  Proprietor.  otel Slocan  KASLO.  IN  Tin- dining-room of llii.-, tin: 'inly lirst-cki.��  iu Ka-lo. i- iniw under the iiiiimigcini'rit  under.-iKtH'd. wlm will endeavor to mulct-  The hotel i> lilt  ln.r.| of any in Koolenay.  i|iiiirtcr.�� of ininiiiK men.  Kii.-lo. Aliircli I TI I j. IS-.ll.  ; hold  of the  it the  head-  JOHN F. GILL.  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  None of the liest hotel-; in Toad  Mountain district, nnd  Is tlio lie.iuli|imrters for prospectors mid  working  miners.  MALONE    6c    TREGILLUS,   Props.  _. 1-13  WIT  __.���*������'   _.  fe*6?*!  k-*jH_ ���  nilNb):   NELSON,   B.C., SATURDAY,  'MAY  isn-i.  >iMlMMW.<��ua  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  It-was expected Unit iJit; voter's list of  tho south riding would have been puuli-diud this week,  lint unlluclor CIiiupcl win eninpellvd to make a trip In  hevelstoke in order to ili-l riiiute lhe names for the south  riding.    It will Ije pulilisliud next week.  George C. Tun-U;ili returned to Xelson  on Alondav from n trip tlirou-jrli the mining (.-ain]is in  sunt Item Vale, where he went three weeks at,'o with .). r.  Jiitehie and T. I'. OT'urrcIl, S'nnK in hy way of Kettle  river, lie reports no little activity in a ininiiiK way at,  the (litlerent eninp.- which lie vi-iled, Inn (toe- nol report  any very lai'Ko sale.-of powder.  Henry Aslicrol't  litis  rented a  building  on Jo-ophine -treet. in whieh lie w ill -Inrt, a lilaeksinilh  shop.  A. S. Farwell returned to Nelson from  Victoria on Kriday.  The contrtict for erecting the Hctiley  ollice building nu West Baker .-treet wa- awnriled lo  Thomas Spronl, his hid lieiiif,' tin- lowe.-t of the -ix put in.  (!. N. Taylor is the nrc-hileet. Work is alreuily under  way.  The chiinces tire that the backwoods  editor of Tin-: Twiirxi-: ha.- wirhin him as much of  the milk of hiimnii kiiidnes.- as has ihe ehivnlrou.- owner  of The Aliner who was-o laekiiiKin tfnod lireedinj,' lis to  hi.-s and olherwi-e in-ult u ku'-si of the prince of Wale-  at an openinK "'' |,ll; Imperial Instil ute. the K'le.-t lieiny  none other than William Kwart (I'laiNtone, whom even  Ihe London Time-admils to lie " the ^rente-H KnuliMiman  of Ids lime."  11. II. I'itts. ii merchant of Three Forks.  j- down from the "eity" whose pioneers are kicking at  the prices asked for lots hy the town-ite owner-.  T. G. I'rocter returned on Wednesday  from a winter's visit io the old counlry. He reports  limes improving over Ihnre: lliaL 1 he faelories are running full lime, and that a hopeful feeling prevails tfeiiur-  rtllv. The silver tpiestion is attraetiiiK llie allenlion of  lui'niiractiirurs, and should there he an appeal to the people, the Conservative party would he returned to power,  us its leaders are himelallisrs. Mr. I'l-oeLer came over on  the Teiilonie, and was hut leu days bet ween Oueciistown  and Spokane.  (J. Ilugoiiin of Victoria is at Nelson, en  route to Slocan district.  A dance  will  be given at the Stanley  house on Kriday night next, and a large attendance of  ladies is assured.  Byron N. White, man tiger of the famous  Sloean Star mine, in Slocan district, was in Nel.-on for  several days this week. He lias removed hi- family from  Spokane to Vancouver, where t.hey will probably re-.ide  t.liis suiiimo'r. Air. White left I'or the mine thisat'Lernoon.  going by way of Nakusp.  The Nelson Athletic Association.  A notice calling on till residents of  Nelson who favored the forming of an athletic association to  meet in   the board of  trade room on Thursday   night  brought  out 0. A.  Bigelow. .John Flliot.   William  Perdue,   James   Neehinds.   ,J.    J-1.   Kilby,  Jlenry   Aslicrol't.   .Jasper     Phair,   Frank  lloerle. M.  F.   Corrigan. .Joseph   Scale. I'.  B. C. Turner, A. Al. Johnson. Fred .IclYers.  Jacob Hover, (i. W. B. Ileatheote, (ieorge  Williamson, E. V. Brown, J. Ii. Martin, (J.  S. F. Iltimber,  John McGinty.   and  John  Houston.     -Mr.   Flliot   was chosen  chairman   antl   .Mr.   Bigelow   secretary.     Mr.  Ileatheote being called on.  explained the  necessity of  having  tin   athletic association and suggested   ways in which the organization could be perfected.    After con-  ��� siderable discussion,  the  following committees were appointed and requested  to  report at a meeting to be held at the same  place  on  Thursday night  of   next week:  On Articles of Association���Messrs. I letitli-  cote,    Bigelow.   tind    Houston.    On   Base  Ball���Messrs.     Bigelow.     Neelands.    and  Aslicrol't.   On Foot Mail���Messrs. Ilamber,  Ileatheote.   tmd    Brown.      On   Cricket���  .Messrs.   Ileatheote, Martin, tind Johnson.  On   Rowing���Alessrs.   Buchanan,    Perks,  ���anil     Johnson.      On     General :   Athletic  Sports���Messrs. Tregillus,  Corrigan, anel  Houston.    It   i.s  proposed   to    make the  membership fee of the association $1, the  members of each club to pay for their club  'equipments. .   Still Another.  " The general opinion is that are now too  many steamboats on  Kootenay lake and  river,  but the  following  from   the  Bonner's Ferry .Herald of April 28th indicates  that still another is  to  be added  to ..the  .fleet:   ..'"William.. Simpson   of   Ockonook  was in town this Week  on  his   way home  i'rom   the Pend -d'Oreille,  where   he   has  been negotiating for a .steamboat  to  put  on the Kootenay.-   He, in  company  with  J .������!_]. Sloop, the Ockonook   merchant,-has  purchased  the -propeller Halys, and  will  ship the boat in as soon  as  trains again  begin running  on   the 'Great   Northern.  The Halys is oO feet  in  length   with a 11-  1'oot beam.    She was shipped  to the Pend  d'Oreille  from Seattle by the San   Francisco. Bridge   Company during   the   construction of the Great  Northern.    She is  said to a good strong tug, but we did   not  .learn, her carrying capacity without  the  use of a barge.   The boat will be used for  the river trade in particular a.nd will tow  barges to and from Kaslo whenever there  is business of that kind to pick up."  Not an Out-and-Out Temperance Man.  Mr. Buchanan has the credit of being an  out-and-out temperance -man : in fact, before coming to British Columbia, he was  sent by the -temperance societies of his  native town as a delegate to Ottawa, to  secure temperance legislation. However,  his residence in the wesl, has had the  effect of changing his views and he now  says he has no propositions forany change  in the License Act: that an experience of  six years shows that the law i.s as restrictive as it can be made while public sentiment is us it is; that he never bought  or sold or drank whisky, and wishes that  its list; could be greatly curtailed or  abolished, but he litis no idea of trying to  engaging in the business of raising foxes  they Avill also trap tind capture as many  other wild animals, including the marten,  tin.; mink and the bear, as possible. They  will begin by trapping what black;..foxes  are necessary to start this ranch. The  skins of the black or silver gray fox are  worth I'rom 8100 to $ii00 each. The consequence is Hiatal! the foxes hitherto taken,  except for zoological gardens, have been  killed and their pelts marketed. Therefore tho only way to start and get enough  to stock tlio ranch i- to trap what may be  required. They tire till practical miners  and hunters and can turn tt hand to almost niivthing. .Moreover, they are reported to have a capital of !>*'0,<)(.(), which  t.hey will use in making the fox ranch a  success.  Politics and Strikes.  Butte (Montana) Inter - .Mountain :  "'There is just- this much politics mixed up  in railroad strikes tind no more: When  legislation kills the industries along the  line of a railroad, stops its freight traffic  aud passenger business and makes a wilderness of a country rich in resources then  politics is the. ctiuse of the financial  troubles of that railroad. If any man can  controvert that proposition, he can have  all tho space ho desires in these columns  for the purpose. We do not contend that  ji railroad .which is losing business should  reduce it wages, but it might, of necessity  reduce its force and maintain its wages,  for of course no enterprise can employ  men I'or whom it  has  no  work.    The  reduction  of   wages   to offset  business  depression   is   a   cruel   expedient   because  wtiges are none to   high  now. and   whenever a man is asked to work   for less than  will feed, clothe, antl educate himself and  family, a   groat   wrong    is   perpetrated.  Sometimes that Avi-ong is   the   result   ot  unwise   legislation,   but   in   either   case  innocent      parties      have      to       suffer.  When   legislation   is   tit   fault   we   hold  that   the ' workingmen   of   this   country-  have   the   remedy   in   their   own   hands  in the form of the ballot,  but that cannot  be used on the  instant  and  thus strikes  result.    There is no doubt  that the legislation against silver and the threat of the  Wilson bill  have pnraly/.od   the  business  aIIairs of this nation.    Before the present  policy wtis inaugurated there wtis not an  idle factory   in   the   United   States,   the  great iron and coal mines were till operating, silver was S3 cents, lead was-I cents,  antl wool was 1*5 cents.    But directly tis a  result  of legislation  ___,0(..),()()()   people  are  outof employment, every kind of property  has depreciated iu value, wtiges have been  reduced, mines  have been closed, ami silver is  OS  cents, wool (> cents,  and   lead S  cents.    If  these changed   conditions  are  not the result of political  action,  and if  they have not led to the present conflicts  between labor and capital we should  like  some  man lo point out where the trouble  conies from.    So  we  repeat'that unwise  legislation   is   primarily   responsible   I'or  most of the evils which al'llict the  honest  toilers of the  land  tind is originally responsible  for the panics,   the strikes, the  idleness, the railroad receivers, the closed  factories, and the movements  of  the ��� industrial armies."  A Substantial Way of Returning Thanks.  To tiik FmTOii of Tin-: Tkiiu'.v*-;: We  desire to return thanks to the members of  the fire company and the residents of  Nelson for their efforts in extinguishing  the fire that broke out in the Nelson hotel  on Thursday forenoon. Had it not been  for the rapid and intelligent work of the  firemen, and the assistance of individual  residents, our loss would not only have  been considerable, as we had no insurance,  but that'of' adjoining property' owners  would have been so large that the-prosperity of .the town, in a'measure, would  have been affected. Believing that future  losses by lire can only be kept at the  minimum by a well-organi/.ed fire company, and knowing that a fire company  cannot do effective work without fire-  lighting apparatus, we enclose you our  check for $*)U, which you will please hand  the treasurer of the company, the amount  to be used in any way the members of the  conipany deem best. Respectfully yours,  A. J. Maisks,  CIIA It I. IvS   V A N  N I0S.S.  Nelson, May Ith.  Too Much Law.  Law is generally considered a pretty  good thing: but there is such a thing as  too much law: and in the good old Bay  State, some of the curious enactments of  days gone by still remain on the statue-  book and seem altogether too much of a  good thing. Nearly every one litis hoard  of thi! Boston man who wtis arrested and  tried many years ago for kissing Ins wife  on Sunday; but it will be news to many  people  thtit a  dog   was actually   put  on  trial for hi.s life in Boston, only a lew  years sigo. The defendant, Towser, a  handsome setter, belonging to oneNathitn  Simmons, a South , Knd storekeeper, was  charged with having a vicious and savage  disposition, "'dangerous to the peace, and  bodily weal of the good citizens of the  commonwealth." To prove this, one Hil-  nioth Hess swore that tne dog had bitten  him without provocation, tind he wanted  the handsome animal killed. Towscr's  owner demurred, tind thecourt summoned  Towser to prove his good character, iind  he was forthwith brought into court tind  installed iu the pen.  Towscr's master retained able counsel  for him. aud amid (ho titter of the audience anil the smile of judge Curtis the  trial began. The plaintiff told how he  was bitten, but was forced lo acknowledge  when cross-questioned thai he had provoked Towser by teasing him. Others  came Toward, and after enlarging on  Towscr's good qualities, the prisoner himself wits brought forward in his own be-  hnlf. At various commands he played  dead, walked on his hind legs about the  room, stood on his head, shouldered arms,  whined dismally iu imitation of ti song,  and wound up by marching on his hind  legs up the steps to the judge's desk, iind  shaking paws witli his honor. The latter  was greatly amused, and without hesitat  ing said, amid cheers: "Towser, yon are  a peaceable and orderly canine. I give  judgment in your behalf and dismiss you.  the plaintiff paying the costs."  A Public Meeting at Ainsworth.  A public meeting was held iit Ainsworth  on Saturday last, the. object being to apprise the government of the wants of the  camp. Besolutions were adopted asking  that the road to the Number One  mine be put in repair; that the  Cedar Creek road be; extended tothe Highland mine; that the wharf be repaired;  that the government is entitled to thanks  for not removing (he   recorder's ofliee   lo  Jvaslo; that tlie government be requested  to commission a resident of the camp as a  notary public. There is a deal of quiet  "figuring" at Ainsworth as to who is  likely to succeed T. J. Lendruni as mining  recorder.  Is Yet a Good Field for Prospectors.  New Denver Prospector, 2<St.h: "Two  claims were, staked in Slocan district last  year whieh Iiit ve been bonded for $"*().()()'.  each. Others have been sold or bonded  for good, round , ligures, and scarcely' tt  prospector went into the hills who did not  make a find.    This year will be better for  prospecting than last year was, for the  reason that the snow locations, which  cover a large area of the best ground,  have run out and the ground is now vacant. Few of those who located on tho  snow during the early excitement ever returned to prospect their claims, and other  prospectors kept away, not caring to  prospect sta.ked ground.���' A few, however have gone over the snow locations, and finding mineral hsive been  lying low. waiting for the original  locations to run out. As this vacant  ground is right in the mineral belt, valuable lindsiii-e likely to be made within the  next ninety days."  We are making ready for a dissolution of partnership, in the early spring,  and from today (Thursday, December 21st) will offer our entire stock of Dry  Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Crockery, and Glassware at cost.  ��� (Notary   Public)  Victoria Street, Nelson, B. C.  lining and Real Estate Broker  Commission and Insurance  Agent  ur.i'mcsK.vnNi;:  Tlie Confederation l.ii'o Association. Tlie Pliteiiix Fire  Insurance Company. Tlii; Dominion I'nililiiiK & Loan  Association of Toronto, l-'tu.  MINES INSPECTED   AND   REPORTED   UPON.  Several (jfi'iil l"ls in government linviisitos of New Deliver 1111(1 N'lilnOll to 1)1) Sold ullUiip.  Store.-, iiml ollices to i-cnt nt Nelson.  Tumult, wanted for ranch on Columbia river near |{ob-  son. oi- will soil,   Coed upport unify.  LOTS    IN    ADDITION    "A  to sell on easy term*.  Applv lit oni-i' In  W. A. JOWETT, Victoria St., Nelson, B.C.  Groceries Hardware Dry Goods, Clothing', Boots and Shoes,  Stoves and Tinware, Paints and Oils, Sash and Doors and  a Complete Line of Builders' Material and Miners' Supplies-  Sewing* Machines, Newspapers, Books, Stationery  Legal Forms, Office Sundries, Toys, Fancy Goods.  The I.O.O.F. Society have  chartered the Str. Nelson  for an excursion to Kaslo  on the above date. Round  trip tickets $1.50 good  for the return next day.  Meals on boat 50 cents.  School Supplies  a Specialty.  _C~W DIE  VIEIR,  EETELSTOKE  Aira    ISr^^KZTTS^  GROCERIES,  HARDWARE,  es.-.. and /General .Merchandise  Snag-proof Gum Boots; Lumbermen's Rubbers and Overshoes;  Hand-made Calfskin Boots; Grain and Kip Bluchers; Canvas and  Tan Ox-goods; Congress Imitation Lace and Lace Boots in Kangaroo and Cordovan.   A long line in the latest styles.  WANTED,  *ni..ril>  iili.|��-l   llii-  FOR  SALE,  ETC.  Ml   ,'... Il   III-  -lllntl.l  WANT Kit    A smart. j_;ood girl to iln clumber work at  Hotel I'hair. Nelson. H. ('.  tift:   tho   views  titutt: book.  of  IK  ti    ininoril y  on   tin:  The  siastic  gether  A First Game  who play  of  Base Ball.  lase ball tire enthii-  o  get a   nine to-  to hold   Kaslo's  of May.    On  I joys  in their efforts  that will be able  crack nine even on tin: 21th  iMondtiy tifteriiooii two nines were selected  and ^George Arthur Higclow chosen as  umpire. Kight innings wen: played, llie  score being SI to 2."i. The gtime was witnessed by HiS residents and Hi commercial  travelers from Winnipeg, the hit ter intik-  iiitf more noise than tin. residents and the  players and the umpire combined.  mo i.rr  J-    In Alt-  Tin- liar nl. Stanley house,  . Mt.l'finnhl. |ii-o|irielie.-,s.  NYI-on, H.C.   Apply  WAX'I'Kli-A piiiitiiiuUtM-. or an apjirentii-e.  I-'. .1. Sc|iiin., niereliant tailor, .Nelson. II.  Apply In  at, Knoteiiaj Lake (teneral  .   A.    HiKi.'l'ow,   serretary,  WANTKIi    A woman conk  Hospital.    Apply    Id   (  Foil SAI.K OK U-.ASK (iood hotel, in one or Ihe lies!,  parts ol' Nelson. Si/.e. .'i7 by 70 feel ; two stories: il  heel-rooms. Furnished lhi-ouj_;hoiit. Keaily for immediate oo'..upat,ioii. A lirsl-class chance for the rijijlil person.  Applv to Duncan McDonald. Kaslo. li. ('.: or lo ('. [lumber. U'esl Haker street. Nelson. H. (.!.  TKNDKliS WANTKD The undersiKHeil will receive  up till noon mi .May l-.lth, ISIII. tenders for supplyiiiK  and installing one incandescent dynamo of a nominal  capacity of lue Ill-candle power lights. (I. A. Higclow,  president Nelson Klccl.ric I,itfhl Conipany.  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  Central Office  of tlie  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  A Novel Enterprise.  Four adventurous sons  of  the  si.  Nevada,   named   l-'rtink  T.   .Jacobs.  Ycrgei; .1. E.   K'.-iskiit. tind   W. II. I-  ite of  Chris  ..yiioi).  all from Virginia City and Carson, ha ve  started for Alaska, to engage in a novel  enterprise. They will raise black foxes  and other fiii'-beai-iii^ animals, and at the  same time keep an eye out i'or opportunities to locate good mineral claims.    While  NELSON FANCY S���.  All kinds of Fancy Goods,  Notions, Ladies' Underclothing, Children's Clothing-, etc.  Baker St., next door Nelson Shoe Store.  A Inrfje and eoniplele slock of  WALL^ PAPER  Don't buy inferior whisky when you can have  the best at the same price. We have now  in stock WALKER'S CELEBRATED BRANDS  ORDINARY  IMPERIAL  CLUB  SEE THAT YOU  GET THEM.  IT WILL  PAY YOU  IN THE END.  CHOICE BUILDING and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  EEBATE   ALLOWED   'F'O'R   G-OOID   BTJILDI__SrGS.  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  ETC.  TO  FOE    PEIOBS.   MAPS,  FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C. and K. R. and N. Co., Nelson, B. C.  HUDS0NS' BAY CO.,  Baker Street, Nelson.  AflKNTS KOI!  (larry Flour  Walkervlllr.  :   .I...*. Selilil/., Milwaukee, U.S.A.: J-'ort,  Mill.H, Winnipeg; Jlirnin Walker & SoriH,  t/i fuv;  .._i .-"���.''Vi;. ���, .���.���iV'o..r.j, ^.',-'.-},.:;i...,'��� 4 ��������,��>_.', ^-���.uA-.if.-.V... a .Oj ���.:';. .-��� '.?r.-"J?f vcc^'.'-i'.-. ;>>V- ���..������ ���..;??_..: ,-������: ,���..: �����.���.'. -.',.'.��� .'i,'. .._;���-���-. ���My;.''. :,.,'����� .v��.i'>'--V "��<- -������  mm  fe*sfe  ��ys-j_,��s  Houston Block, Corner of Baker and  Josephine Streets. g$��$  t;ft*��fc*  K*^*.V:v'Si  ��� i..'i*iiA  ���ji-SS^'J  W'v-1.1  Hotelkeepers and housekeepers needing anything in the line of tableware  should call on or send to JACOB DOVER, JEWELER, Nelson, for prices.  He sells Rogers Brothers' knives, forks, and spoons at $8 per dozen;  castors, $4.-50 each; butter dishes, from $1.50 to $3.50; pickle dishes,  from $2 to $5.   Pull lines of above-mentioned goods always kept in stock.  '!*X*��'  i?.W

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