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The Tribune May 26, 1894

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 '('���!. ?..-i  ��� 1.1  iAlji'r.i-  ^   JUN   1.1894  Presents an Unequalled Field for the Developer  of   Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,  Silver,  Copper,  Lead, and Zinc, as Well as for  the Investor in Producing Mines.  Already Completed' or Under Construction and  Steamboat   Lines   in   Operation   Make   the  Mining   Camps  and   Towns   in   Kootenay   Accessible   the   Year   Round.  SECOND  YEAR-NO. 27.  NELSON,'BRITISH  COLUMBIA,-SATURDAY,  MAY .20,   L894.  ONE  DOLLAR A YEAR.  NEW   DENVER   NEWS  The  Slocan  Lake  Metropolis  has  Everything-  it Wants, Except a Wagon  Road.  Nkw Di-'.vvi'.i', Miiy 22nd.  A grizzly bear was .shot on Che shore of  Slocan lake about a mile and a hall' north  ol' Sew Denver hist week.  The Cordelia, a prospect on tho north  fork of Ciirpenter creek on which Messrs..  Mitchell and Biu-ns have been doing development work for the last two months,  i.s said to be looming up big.  Most encouraging reports have come  down from the Noonday, on which one or  two men are still working.  ('. W. Hughes has been in Xew Denver  tho greatorrpart of a week. Lie brought  through two surveyors who are making a  thorough survey of the workings on the  Mountain Chief mine. The Chief looks as  well as ever, but short shifts are the rule  in the upraise 1'ioni the lower tunnel, the  air is so bad.  Mr. Hughes has been investigating the  ���prospects of feed for his stock at the foot  of Slocan lake. Tlie result is satisfactory  and all his stock will shortly be brought  plover from Jvaslo and turned out there.  His interests are now all on the Slocan  lake slope of Carpenter creek and Four-  mile creek and from now on New Denver  Avill be his headquarters. He left Sew  Denver for Kaslo this morning and had a  close call for his life among the debris of  the government bridge at box canyon.  Jt is unsafe for anyone to go through the  canyon now even on foot.  A. D. Coplen paid a two or three days'  ' visit to New Denver last week. He will  not be more in the Slocan this summer  than is necessary to look after his business interests. He is engaged in putting  up a stamp mill on a gold property-, iu  Idaho which ho has held since I88-J. Jt  will take all the resources of himself and  his partners to make the enterprise a success. A. \X Coplen has always been a  staunch believer in New Denver and says  that as soon as lie gets his stamps working he will return and invest. He made a  sale of the Apex No. 2 to George Hughes  while here.    The   consideration   was $2,-  in tlie long run so much more economical  that it is difficult to place any faith in the  report.  S. M. Wharton bet a new suit of clothes  that trains would not be running into  Three .Forks by the lirst day of July. He  made the bet last fall and will wear the  clothes all right. But lie will have to sell  the suit to offset the money he put up  that J. Fred Jlume wouldn't get a majority of votes in the Nelson polling division.  YV. Thoinlinson has returned from Nakusp where he said lie was cheered by  hearing once more the sound of a railway  whistle and bell.  Messrs. Moore & Humphreys will put in  a concentrator otr the Alamo mine this  snnnner of 100 tons capacity.  James AVarnor's trail cam]) fire is  steadily (-limbing the hill in the direction  of the California!  As the season advances more men are  going to work on the hills. A few here  and a lew there soon decreases the number of idlers.  Jl. H. St. John has ceased to be a mine  owner in West Jvootenay. He has been  bought out of the Idaho and St. John  mines by captain Moore.  A. J. Murphy has returned from his  trip into tlie Lardeau. He went in along  with his partner Jim Gilhooley to see the  Jilack Prince. They found too much snow  there to do anything. When up in the  mountains Gilhooley cut his foot with an  axe. It was with difficulty, that he was  got down as far as tlie placer camp on the  .Lardeau river. As soon as a horse can be  got in 'there he will be taken out and  come back to New Denver. The placer  miners on tlie Lardeau have made good  pay this winter.  COUNTY   COURT.  THE   ROYAL   COMMISSION.  Tin-: TmiJUMO has no comments whatever to make on the report of tho royal  commission appointed to investigate the  Nakusp & Slocan deal. Below, however,  will be found the comments of a strictly  independent (.-.-journal. The Jr'rovince of  Victoria contains the following:  Parliament and. Bar.- ���  Haste I to the parliament.���Ilcm-y VI.  I .stand hero for law.���Merchant of Venice.  is an extension of  500.   The Apex No.  2  the Mountain Chief.  Tom Avison has got the foundation laid  for a store 2-1.v-IS feet on Sixth srreet.  The Slocan Mercantile Company litis  fixed up the wharf at the foot of Seventh  street. All this summer's business will be  transacted there.  Mr. Thompson, the steamboat inspector,  has made his appearance at 'last antl  passed the W. Hunter. A qualified engineer is in evidence now also, and the  steamer makes daily trips to the head of  Slocan lake.  Tracklaying has begun in earnest on the  Nakusp ifcSlocau railway. .Half a mile of  railway was laid yesterday. When the  first train load of rails went over the  track a man had to be sent on ahead to  grease the curves.  Dr. .Rogers of Jvaslo was for two days  tit Wilson creek, attending a, man who  was sick there. Nothing but the piompt-  ness with which the doctor got on tlie spot  could have saved tlie man's life. "Doc"  Aitken of Three Forks telegraphed for  hi in from New Denver about six o'clock  in the evening; tis usual the wire was  down. However, a horse was procured  at Three Forks and Mr. Aitken was in  Kaslo at S A. M. next morning. Dr.  Rogers was.at Wilson creek by noon that  day.   It was quick work.  The big slide on the Three Forks side of  the box canyon came.down on Saturday  night. George Hughes and A. IX Coplen  who arrived in New Denver about eight  in the evening must have had a. narrow  escape. On Monday afternoon it came  down again bigger than ever. The snow  is piled ui> over the wagon road to a  height of sixty feet.  A great deal of the work done by engineer Gillette and his gang .on the canyon bridge htis been swept away .in the  flood. The loss must have been not less  than $;")()(). Carpenter creek has been an  angry stream for the last two days and  the rush of water through the canyon is  a sight to see.  A few men have been put to work by  J. J. Moynahan on the Wakefield group  ou Fourinile, but as till supplies have to  be packed iu by men no extensive development work is being attempted yet.  Ii. F. Green's visit to the Slocan gave  rise to a rumor that the, original owners  of Rosebery had quarreled with the con-  4> truetion company tind tied up the property by means of tin injunction. Judge  Wilson's mind was greatly exercised over  this and he wired II. F. Green at Jvaslo to  find out about it. He received a reply  stating that the rumor Avas a falsehood,  and that the sale of the property is now  in order. The judge's mind is now at rest.  J. Wilson of the C. J\ II. telegraph Pacific division passed through Xew Denver  today. The telegraph line through West  Ivootenay has not yet paid working expenses.  Silverton expects to have telephone connection with the metropolis of the Sloean  within ti short time now.  W. J. Goepel, the new gold commissioner, spent some days round New Denver last week. He left for Nakusp yesterday morning, after visiting Nakusp and  Silverton. .Me thinks the road between  ^iew Denver tind Three Forks can be fixed  without too much expense. The new  record office at New Denver i.s to be  started shortly.  A rumor litis been abroad for some time  that the first three miles of the railway  grade between New Denver and Three  Forks is to be abandoned and the road to  be brought through the town and tip the  other side of the creek. Such a course !  would be so obviously advantageous and I  The    Largest   Docket   Ever   Disposed   of   in  Kootenay.  The long-awaited session of the county  court opened at Nelson on Monday, .judge  Spinks of Vernon, presiding. -By noon on  Wednesday the cases were all disposed of.  The following are the eases in which  .judgments were rendered:  IJi'omt.ssory  (_!.   O.   Buchanan   vs.   .1.   J.   l-'itzpatriclc:  note. SIO; judgment for plaintill'.  (iruun Hi-utliers vs. Jl. W." Winchester: goods sold and  delivered. Sl/i.l.il; judgment for plaintill's.  l.lnu-les W. Aylwin vs. James Delano/: damages, etc.,  Sl.iil; judgment, for plaii.UH'for half the amount, sued for.  I). <J.  McGregor vs. AYY.I.  Gleneross; balance of account. Su'S.10; judgmenl'for plaintiff.  (1. & II. Urf|iiliarL vs. Winchester & Campbell; goods  sold and delivered, S__7.ll); judgment for plaintill'.  George W. Knnis vs. .1. II. Htartsnian. A. 1_. McDonald,  and A. W. Wright; mining jurisdiction; judgment for  plaintill'.  .lolin Gates vs. Winslow Hall;'money loaned, ��100;  judgment, for defendant.  Green lirothers vs. Winchester & Campbell; goods sold  and delivered, S2.SI.I2: judgment fox* plaintiffs.  .Samuel Lovatt and .lames McDonald vs. Burns, Mc-  Innes & Co.; mechanics' lien, ST.'^.aO: judgment for defendants (lien disallowed).  It. K Lemon vs. Joseph Noel; goods sold and delivered. ��SJ."2; judgment for plaintill'.  James W. Murphy vs. Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway Company i-nd George K. Nelson: felling trees, gib���.-  2(1: judgment by consentagaitistNolson & Co. Summons  to be amunded.  It. 10. Lemon vs. Glencross & C'ar.-on : goods sold, S27I;  judgment against Glencross & Carson anil Thomas L.  Carson.  V. It. Hanker vs. James Sprouie and James Slayton;  labor, ��1 IS: judgment for plaintill'.  .1. Kred Hume & Co. vs. George Stephenson : goods sold  and delivered. ��;'>!): judgment for plaintill'for ��12.1;").  J. Kred Hume & Co. vs. I). S. Cameron ; goods sold and  delivered, Sll.'i.lH; judgment for plaintill's.  J. Fred Hume & Co. vs. Gorman West; goods sold and  delivered, S.'iS.7a: judgment for plaintill's.  J. l-'red Hume & Co. vs. William Goodwin: goods sold  anil delivered, ��l(..0">; judgment for plaintiffs.  It. 10. Lemon vs. Charles Sinclair; goods sold and delivered, SHI.US: judgment for plaintill'.  I. Jl. Wutkins and J. M. Corothwait vs. W. 10. Tirrel;  promissory note. $181 ;">D; judgment by confession.  It. 10. Lemon vs. Charles Scanlan; goods sold and delivered. S7!i 85; judgment for plaintiff.  Darlce & Sutherland vs. Josiah l-'letchcr and .lames I)e-  l.iney: balance due for labor, SIIW: referred to John L.  Itetallack. and order for enforcement of lien reserved  until arbitrator reports.  Thomas Cosgrilf vs. II. T. Hubbard; promissory note,  ��107: judgment for plaintill'.  James McDonald vs. Winchester & Campbell; promissory notes. ��:.;. I..'tl; judgment for plaintiff.  Fred Mills vs. James Cain and J. .1. Barclay; balance  due for labor. SI25; judgment for plaintiff.  Uobert 10 Lemon vs. William Roberts; goods sold and  delivered, S1.17.5_J: judgment for plaintiff.  Robert 10. Lemon vs. John Lane; amount, S700; judgment that plaintill' is entitled the goods replovined and  for ��501). value of goods wrongfully converted to defendant's use.  William Roberts vs. David Logan; board and lodging,  ��.'i!).55; judgment for plaintiff.  Felix Hughes vs. It. F. Bonsou and Jacob Scrson; cutting timber on mineral claim, S.'iOU; non-suit.  W. L. Smith vs. John Fitxwilliams and Michael Crowley: work on building. ��751.50: judgment for plaintiff.  10. 10. Coy vs. John ICing: mining jurisdiction ; money  paid on partnership agreement. SiiXi 50; judgment I'or  defendant.  John Walmsley vs. William Lynch: blacksmith work,  ��l7li.Xi; judgment for plaintiff.  Frank Cummings and others vs. Northern Belle Mining  Company: labor; S2.'i:'5.5ll; judgment in favor of plaintiff  Cummings, adjourned lo next court as to other plaintill's.  Adams & Cuniniings vs.  JlcAndrews &  JIurchison;  board and lodging. ��25(1; judgment for defendants.  George A. Higclow vs. William Bambury: balance of  account. ��21.15; judgment I'or ��111.55.  John L. Relallack vs. It. W. Hastings; promissory  note. ��52.75; judgment I'or plain!ill'.  John I j. Relallack vs. Teinplc Sceley: promissory note.  ��5.;..'!ll; judgment for plaintill'.  John L. Relallai-k vs. (.'alder Bishop: note and cash,  ��5(.2.i:i; judgment for ��2,'l7.i:i.  Clyde Coon vs. J. Fred Hume fc Co. and Oscar Soder-  berg: labor. S72.2.S; judgment I'or plaintill'.  Goldstein & Co. vs. Patrick Medic; cash, etc., ��IH.05;  judgment I'or pla nlilf.  A number of cases were adjourned to  next court, which will be held ou August  ISth.    Smelt Stop a Steamboat.  Smelt have been so plentiful in Port-  laud, Oregon, th.-itdealersgive them away  to get rid of them. Sever.-il years ago  smelt were so thick in Lewis river that  captain Weir's boat had to lay up for  three hours. Of course the boat could  run through the schools of fish, but the  wheel dashed them up so fast that the  openings for the connecting rod from the  cylinder to the crank shaft were filled up  tind stopped the boat. The fantail also  got full and raised the wheel-house up.  As the boat ascended the river, a wake of  dead fish was left behind.  Is it Not About Time?  .Mr. Mara is being congr.-ituhited for  making a "timely"suggestion in the house  of commons at 'Ottawa that Avill be of  great benefit to the miners in .British Columbia.. Well, is it not about time for  him to make a suggestion that benefits  someone besides   At length the .much-talked of royal commission on the Nakusp & Slocan  railway  bargain is over.   I left it last week  with  honorable Mr. Beaven speaking, on Thursday,  the 10th.   On Friday at 2 p. m. he  resumed his remarks and was answed by  the    attorney-general     at    considerable  length, speaking' till  the commission adjourned at 5:80 p. in. till Saturday at 11 a.  m. His arguments were the same as those  made  in  the  house,  practically nothing  new to add to them.    On Saturday morning the commission.had prepared'.a list of  thirteen questions  which they proceeded  to ask the premier and to which ho. replied  under oath, exculpating himself from any  improper   motives or corrupt   practices.  The questions were framed in a manner  that to legal minds is known as "leading,"  that.'meaning;-, that  they suggest an answer favorable to  the  witness  being examined...  From the nature of the proceedings a certain smattering of this objectionable element  was  possibly una,voidable,  but some of them were so "childlike and  bland"  that  when  they  were  put large  smiles "sailed" across the  visages of the  expectant  bar and  bumped against the  walls.    Take this, for instance:  (1).    "Do you believe the arrangements  made with the N. 6c K. railway to be in  the public interest and for the public advantage?"  Answer:    "I do."  (2). "Were you, in advising or prompting either of the said guarantees, actuated  by any motive other than to secure the  public interest as best .you might?"  Answer: "None whatever." (Suppressed cheers from Messrs. Turner and  Vernon.)  And so nn. Then these latter gentlemen also went into the box tind the same  questions practically were-put' to them.  I don't pretend to remember till these  questions a,nd may have got them a little  mixed, but this was about the general  tone of them:  Commissioners:     "What   is   the   best  government on earth?"  Ministers:    "The Davie government."  Commissioners:   "Are you-actuated by  the loftiest motives in dealing with every  subject?"  no excuse to go there tind say he was at a  disadvantage because lie had no counsel,  for he could, as all knew who heardhim  make that excuse, have etisily retained  counsel and been prepared tit all points.  As it is he has simply played into the  hands of his opponents, and he must take  the consequences. He has harmed hi.s  party, for the other members of it were  quite right, considering the way the issues  were framed, in refusing to have anything  to'1 do with the commission. Such mistakes  cannot be overlooked by the opposition.  ' Pill VAT K  BlUh.  Ministers:  'Wo are.'  Commissioners:   "Would you ever degrade yourselves so low as to'stand in'  with anybody or let your political backers  in 'on the ground floor?'"  Ministers (horrified):    "Never!"  Commissioners:   "What, never?"  Ministers:    "No. never.    We could not  do so and live and we are too young to  die."  Commissioners:   Are you  wife, above suspicion?"  like Ctesar's  Ministers:  We are.'  des himself?  Commissioners: "Where are your  wings?"  Ministers: " We left them in the foundations of the new legislative buildings."  Commissioners:   "who are the people?"  Ministers: "We are the people, and if  you don't believe it and there is any thing  irregular about us, we can pass an act to  patch it up."  Commissioners: "Verily there are  giants in these days!"  But possibly the funniest part of the  whole proceedings was the examination  of Mr. Van Home ou Monday. It was  amusing to hear the answers he gave the  commissioners; he was on hi.s own  "stamping ground" on railway matters,  and there was no one there to contradict,  or to even cross-examine him, and he gave  many opportunities For cross-examination.  It ..was a study to see his face when the  chief justice asked him, a railway man of  railway men, whether it was not in the  country's interest that the road should be  built. This was so rich that- it was almost  too much for the gravity of the audience.  Imagine asking a fox if it were not for the  benelit of his constitution that he should  eat hens! I.]von Mr. Van Home felt that  this question was somewhat superfluous,  il not actually ironical. However, he had  to make some answer, so he said it was.  Strange to say, his hearers had almost anticipated what his reply would be.  It was a little unnecessary to ask Mr.  Van Home if he thought that Mr. Davie  wtis honest in his purpose tind actuated  by upright motives. This putting Mr.  Vtiu Home in the position of iin expert  on purity of motives was doubtless not  intended as it sarcasm, but it looked a, little like it. With the examination of the  C. F. it. president the commission closed,  and ou tlie I "3th gave their report, which  is considered in the editorial column.  As to tho commissioners themselves 1  have only to say that though they restricted and "held down" Mr. Beaven  closely to the actual issues before them,  yet in their report they wander off iind  discuss matters admittedly not within  their purview. I was also sorry to hear  the chief justice say, even jokingly, that  "This is ii court of justice, not oi' law."  Such expressions, though they make the  gallery laugh, do not come aptly From the  mouth of him who i.s tlie chief of those  sworn to administer justice in her majesty's courts of law in this province.  Now Mr. Heaven made a very great mistake in appearing before the commission  at all, ami especially in the way ho did.  lie either should have gone there wilh  counsel and fought the matter fiercely or  he should h.-ive stayed away. Half measures are no use, quite the reverse.    It was  The Royal Commission.  -,- To say that we were disappointed in the  result of the royal commission would be  incorrect, for that would imply that we  had indulged in the hope that the commissioners would   make it report  which  would show that they had really got to  the root of the Nakusp & Slocan deal.  ���This we never  hoped for, because  from  the very nature of things the parties iu  whose  hearts   are  locked   the   secret of  this     wholly   questionable    affair   cannot   be expected    to   inform   on    themselves.     But   we did  expect   the   commissioners,   failing   to   find    any   direct  evidence of corruption, would at least be  able  to grasp  and  pass judgment upon  the   other  aspect   of   the   question,   the  principle, in  short, involved in the pernicious agreement  between  tlie government and the railway.  Their report of the loth instant finds  the government guilty of an irregularity  iii acting upon the statute of 1803 before  it had been brought into force by the only  means which could give it life���an order-  iu-.couhcil���but it exonerates it froni having any improper or corrupt motives in  ; so ..doing, or in its relations with the company, the construction company, or in  any contracts with either of them.  So far so good: The commissioners  were entitled to go this length under the  powers delegated to them by their commission, and had they sloped at those two  findings we should have been the first to  say that they had acted within the scope  of their authority and had confined themselves to the inquiry they wei-e bound to  make thereunder.  But they were not satisfied with this,  and in spite.of the fact that we ourselves  hoard both of them again and again state  that they would not go outside the "four  corners' of their commission, in fact i-e-  stricting Mr. Beaven at the very outset  with this distinct statement, is it the fact  that they themselves conformed to their  o\vji   ruling?   No.    On   the   contrary   so  eager, it must be iuferred, are they to set  the imprimatur of their approval  to this  transaction   that    they   go   outside   the  powers  bestowed   on   them  and   gratuitously find that "the arrangement roi" the  construction of the .Nakusp 6c Sloean railway which was ratified by the act of 1891  is  more  advantageous   to   the   province  than the act of  180'3."'   The report itself  admits that this was not oneof "the issues  more directly submitted to us by the commission."  Why then go into it?  It will be noted that this last finding  is,   intentionally or  otherwise,   artfully  framed; it does not say that the bargain  ratifiedc-by the act of 1891 is a good  arrangement, but only -that it  is  more advantageous than the preceeding one."   Despite his great experience, oven  Mr. Van  Home, with all  the cool and smug assurance of the man as ho sat tunusedly in tlie  witness chair and  answered tho puerile  .questions of the commissioners, could not,  when  directly 'questioned,  give,  personally, one single instance of an  arrangement made between a  railway company  and it government by which the government was to guarantee the principal as  well as the interest.   True, inferentially  and with that astuteness which is his distinguishing characteristic, he endeavored  to convey the impression that it had been  done i'n Quebec and also that the Manitoba   government   had   entered   into  an  even more  Favorable arrangement  with  the   Lake  Dauphin   railway.    We  know  that the Lake Dauphin company has  not  made such an arrangement with the Manitoba government, and the fact that Mr.  Vim Home had to resort to corrupt  Quebec ;o seek an analogy, and even then was  unsuccessful, ought to have put the commissioners on their guard.  These gentlemen having gone so Far as  they did, farther than they were entitled  to tinder their commission and their own  ruling, should, to be consistent, have completed the matter and boldly found that  tho arrangement was so irreconcilable  with economic, principles that no circumstances, however allegedly necessitous,  would justify it. In short, they should  have found that it was it violation of constitutional rights to transfer tlie revenue  of tho state, the money of the people, from  the treasury to the pockets of the Nakusp  it Slocan Kail way Company; they should  have Found that when a people, solely on  the strength of its own credit and by  pledging that credit, assumes an indebtedness of a million iind a quarter dollars  and practical Iy bttildsa railway, that railway should be the property of the people  that built it, and not niadea present of to  a speculative and soulless corporation.  As member after member of the government went into the witness box and  swore, in answer to questions from the  commissioners which were childlike in  their obviousness and bland simplicity, to  the non-existence of corrupt motives, the  irresistible conclusion Forced itself upon  us that iis they could not be judged corrupt, it only remained that they must be  held incompetent iind unfit to be trusted  with affairs of state. In short, they have  boon hood-winked, made eats-paws of by  those far wiser and moro astute than they.  By Whom? My tho Nakusp ^ Slocan  Kailway Company I'or one. Any other?  The answer came on Monday last when  the   bulky   president  of   the Octopus of I  Canada, strode across the court-room floor  and, with difficulty squeezing his portly  person into the chair in the witness box,  cast ii discriminating and somewhat contemptuous glance on sill the actors in the  little comedy before him.  Peter Larson & Co. Nonsuited.  Jn the case of Larson et al. vs.  the Nelson 6c Fort Sheppard Kailway Company,  to enforce a lien of $318,011 filed for labor  and material on  February 0th,  JSO-i, the  plaintill's were somewhat surprised by the-  production by the defendants of a mortgage in  favor of the   Manhattan  Trust  Company of New Vork for $7;")0,000, which  was dated July  1st,  1893,  and registered  October 5th, J 893.    The attorneys for the  defendants argued that the court had no  power to  make the order asked   by the  plaintiffs, as   no proceedings were being  carried on in the county court of Kootenay, and that jurisdiction does not attach  until   proceedings   were   so  commenced.  The attorneys for the plaintiffs argued  that appearance waives .all irregularities,  acknowledges jurisdiction, and submits to  it.     The court   ruled    that  appearance  waives all questions as to irregularity of  service  and  jurisdiction.    After hearing  further arguments and evidence, the court  held:   that  there  is   no claim of lien as  against  the mortgagees or trustees; that  the claim for lien is for materials as well  as for labor; that   residence of railway  company is not properly stated ; 'that residence of Corbin, one of the trustees, is not  given;   that   the   date   when   labor was  finished is  not given; that the. claim  is  made for a debt  not due; .that  "on  or  about" such a date is not sufficient statement  of time of   completion; and  gave  judgment    for   defendants   with    costs.  Porter Brothers' lien For. $2,201 was also  held to be no good.  TWO   GAMES   OP   BASE   BALL.  The  First Nearly   Killed  a Nine, the Second  Having Much the Same Effect.  Nelson has had an attack of base ball  fever, but  the hot weather prevented it  becoming epidemic.   The Fever was at the  acute sttige on Sunday, and for a time it  was   feared   that   Nelson's   "first   nine"  would succumb; but, being of good stock,  they rallied and had sufficient strength to  make a voyage to Kaslo, a place noted for  its invigorating  breezes, where a 21-hour  stay restored them to complete health.  On Sunday last "Jimmy" Neeland's picked  nine  met aud  were defeated by "Billy"  Perdlie's "scrubs," much to the chagrin of  the former.    Play  was called  at 8:30 b}1-  the  umpire, George Arthur Bigelow, the  picked nine going to the bat.    They were  whitewashed, as they were again in  the  second inning.   The "scrubs" knocked out  5 runs in the first two innings. The picked  nine rallied and made 5 runs in the third  and fourth innings, the "scrubs" getting  whitewashed  iu   both   innings.     Jn   tlie  fifth  aud  sixth   innings  the picked nine  made 0 runs, while the "scrubs" only managed   to get 5 men over the home plate.  Tlie seventh  was a  whitewash   for  the  picked nine, but the "scrubs" managed to ���  get in a run, tieing the score.   The picked  nine  only managed to get in J run iu the  eighth    and    ninth   innings,   while   the  "scrubs" made 5 in the eighth, which won  them 'the game by a score of 10 to 12.    A  barrel of Wills's beer was the wager, and  it was ou'.tap-on the ground.  SCmtK   IIV   INNINGS.  ".Scrubs'  Picked  Xinu.  mi  1G  Have no Rights.  The J!)avic government, according to its  supporters, must be kept in power because  it has brains and  tho opposition is lacking in that useful  intellectual '-organ.- If  the laws passed while the J'avie government 'lias been in Office .are an  indication  of its brainpower, then the power  needs  developing, and  the best way to develop  it is to put iu new machinery.    The Mineral Act   has  been  so 'amended   by  Mr.  Davie's mining committees that the'claini  owner has no  longer any- rights to speak  of.   At   the session of the county court-  just closed at Nelson, .Felix  Hughes, the  owner of a mineral claim'in  Slocan  district, brought suit against Konson 6c Ser-  son, who have the contract  to  build the  bridges tind trestles on the Nakusp 6c Slocan railway, for the value of the timber  they cut on his mineral, claims.   The evidence went to show that  the defendants  knew that they were cutting timber on  the claims, and they did. not'dispute the  amount   alleged    to    have    been   taken,  namely, :")2,o0-l   lineal   feet; nor did  they  dispute that they cut all the--merchantable timber, on tlie claims.    They simply  claimed that as railway contractors they  had the right to cut timber wherever they  pleased.    The judge  hold that,'under the  Mineral Act, the claim owner has no exclusive  right  to  timber growing on   his  claim.'    \VelI,   if ho  has  not,  he should  have; and he  would   have,   if any other  government than that of Mr. Davie was  in power.          All Machinery Should be Admitted Free.  If the Dominion, government really  wishes to aid the mining industry, by admitting machinery Free, it should simply  declare that, For tho next three years, all  machinery, of whatever -.description,  actually used For mining, smelting,'and  -milling purposes be admitted Free of  duty; provided, however, that if the machinery istit tiny time afterwards used  for other than 'mining, smelting, and milling purposes, then the duty shall be collectable. Neither Mr. Mara nor any other  member of tho house can make out a list  ol" machinery used in tho mining industry  over which there will not be disputes that  will be as vexatious as those that have  taken place under tho present regulations.  Brown Will bo Elected.  The fight is now on in dead earnest in  the north riding of West Kootenay. J.  M. Ivellie, the present member I'or West  Kootenay. is Lhe candidate of the government party, iind the old war-horse "Kill"  Krown, the candidate of the opposition.  Koth are honest men iiml good citizens.  Krown will lie elected.  a   week  way   of  Who is to  Blame?  Although  promised  Four  mail  From   Victoria   -that  is, two   by  Spokane and two by way Of Kovolstoke ������-  irrive.    Xo Victoria mail conies  Kovolstoke.  Spokane is a  passenge  ilk-  and that coming  ways five days in  s come through '  in  only two  by way o  by way ol  transit, w  two days.  Will be Ready by the Middle of June.  Tracklaying has been commenced on  the Nakusp A: Slocan. half a mile being  laid the first day. If no mishaps occur,  ore from the Slocan mines will bo received  ou board cars at the head of Slocan lake  by the middle of June. Several hundred  tons are now stored iit Silverton and Now  Denver.  Eellevo Thoy Have Made no Mistake.  The men who have put their money into hydraulic enterprises are beginning to  believe that they have made no mistake.  The lirst clean-up of the Kip Vim Winkle  company, on the Feasor two miles above  Lytton, wtis $1X00, an amount entirely  satisfactory.  8 !)  n X  I        0-1  the en-  by the  .0      0      I       1-5      l      o  The features of the game were  courageinent given the  "scrubs"  crowd   of  spectators   and  the   coaching  given the "scrub" nine by its captain.  For a day or two tho picked nine felt  "sore," and it was feared they could not  be got in shape to tackle Kasio's braves  on the 2-Jth; but everything in and about  Nelson has wonderful recuperative powers, and the picked nine went to Kaslo,  met the enemy, iind downed them. The  game at Jvaslo was called at 2:80 byli. F.  Woodman of Spokane, who had been  chosen'umpire. Kaslo went to bat and  made it run without making a hit. Xelson  followed with a whitewash:ditto Kaslo  in the.second inning, Nelson making a run.  In the the third inning Ivaslo got whitewashed, while. Xelson made a run. In the  fourth. Kiislo made 2 runs and Nelson S,  and from that-time on tho game wtis onesided. Nelson outplayed Kaslo at till  points, except in the pitcher's box, where  the two were about even. The following  i.s the score:  NKLSON.  IvWSI.O.  K.  o.  u.-o.  .Stnckc.-v, 1st b 1  .-.  .McC'liiinc, p   ...I     1  Ivlliot, s.- ���_'  i  ...i   :i  Miirtin, c.f :.  1  ...0     _.'  Wind,-Jiid li 0  r>  Desmond, -'ml li   . .1    i  ;.  (fill, .'(ni b   .. i    :i  l-'arlt-v, l.f II  i  ...o   :i  Wilson..'lil 1) :i  i  Ivt-ilh, l.f   i  .Smith. <_-.f   ...i    :.  i  scorn-:  IIV  INNINCS.  i     2    :i  1 ���     li      (J '    7      8  u  N'ol.-on 0       1       1  1.1       ,'i       1       0  x-l(J  ICaslo 1       ()���'��� 0  .'      0      0      (1       '.'  1- 3  Tho features of the game wore the umpiring and pitching. That the Former  was impartial is shown by the fact that  but one "kick" was made by'the crowd  iind none by   the players.    The  pitching  The  Jones  was equally good ou both sides.  Kaslo nine was captained by Mr.  and the Nelson nine by Mr. Brown.  The Twenty-Fourth at Kaslo.  While the 2-lth was not celebrated iit  Kiislo with as much spirit this year as  last,'the crowd was fairly large and the  sports tind games were well contested.  About 200 people wore present from Nelson, Balfour, Pilot Kay, and Ainsworth.  The streets were lined' with evergreens  and the principal buildings were tastefully  decorated. Tlie sports started with a 100-  yard foot race, which was won by "Si"  Simmons. "Charlie" Kane won the'boy's  race and Klla Kellem the girl's race. "I'M"  Craft was tho only fat man willing to run  in the fat-man's race, tind that event was  declared off. Tho .'{-legged race, the wheelbarrow race, and the obstacle race were  all contested aud afforded no little amusement to the crowd. The running long  jump was won by Campbell of Nelson,  aud fill the other jumps by Kiislo men.  "Joe" Mellor threw the hammer HIS Feet,  but no one was willing to toss the caber  or catch the greased pig. The running  race was won by a horse known as "Kos-  fon." ii grey mare getting second money.  The pony race was won by it pony on  which '"Bob" Kwart was mounted, the one  which "Kob" Croon bestrode coming in  second. The base ball game was witnessed by Fully 000 people, who were more  or less pleased at the result. In the evening a  bail was given at the Hotel Slocan.  A Question Answered.  Ph-iisi- hi nt c how many times anil upon whut issues Mr.  (iliiiUtiiiiu has cliiinKril his partv n-lal ions, and obllh'i:  i|iiil��.-a number of ns. JOHN  II.  WKIIH.  Mr. Cladstone's entry into political life  was in 1S."{2. as a Conservative. He remained ii Conservative until IS.".I, when ou  the question of removing Jewish disabilities-allowing Jews to sit iu the house of  commons he left tho party, lie sat in  lord Aberdeen's "coalition" cabinet and  lord Palinerslon's cabinet from I,S.">2 to  IS.*).").- iind in IS.*>!. he sat in Pnlinorstoii's  Liberal cabinet. Since then he has beeu  a declared Liberal. In IS.S.", he announced  hi.s new views on the question of Irish  home rule, which broke up the Liberal  party, the Liberal-Fuionists standing  about where ("ladstone had stood previously, while (iliulslono and his supporters (iladstonian Liberals- occupied advanced ground. THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY,  MAY  20,  1894.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  TIIK TPJI'UNIC is published on Saturdays, hy John  Houston .fc Co.. anil will ho mailed lu MiljM-riherS  on payment uf Oxi-: Doi.i.ai. a year. No .subscription  taken' for less than :i year.  RKGULAIl ADVF.IITISF.MF.NT.S in-inli-d aL Hit: following rales: One inch, SM a year; I wo inche.-.  SCO it year; ihree inches --?.SI a year; four iuclii-.-..  ��Uli a year: live im-lii--. -*IO.i a year; six inches and  over, at. the rale of Sl.iit) an inch per nioiilh.  TKANS1F.NT ADVKKTISF.MF.NT.S Hi cenls a lim: for  first insertion and 10 con!-, a line for each additional  insertion.    Mirth,  uiiirringi-. and  death   not ice-, five.  LOCAL Oil UF.ADIXG MA'I'TKIt NUTIUKS i:< eenls a  line each insertion.  JOli PRINTING iu fail' rates. All account- for job  printing and advei-lUing payable on the Ih'sl of  everv month; sub-cripl ion. in advance.  AlMHtl&.S all coiiimiiiiii-utii.il>. lo  TIIK TIM BUNK. XeKon. It. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  D.  LaBAU".  M.D.���I'hv.-ician and  Surgeon.    ICnoni:  and   1   Houston block,  Nelson.   Telephone  \i.  L.  If. HAKltlSON, II. A.- Ilarrislcr and Attorney al  Law (of tho province of N'ew Hrunswick). Conveyancer, N'otiirv Public, Commissioner for Inking Allldavils  for use in the Courts of Hrilish Columbia, etc. Ollice-.-  Ward struct, between linker anil Vernon, Nelson, li. C.  ��lie ��tilnmt\  SATURDAY MORNING.  .MAV I'll. I St) I  For Member of the Legislative Assembly I'or Lhe South  Riding of Wc>l Koolenay District,  JOHN    FREDERICK   HUME.  PLATFORM OF  PRINCIPLES.  on Tin-:  Utii  Al)()l"l'i:n   15V   IIIXI-.HATKS IS  COSVKSVKIS  Ol-' Al'lill.,   1S!)I.  Whereas, the men that upbuilt Lhe Dominion of Canada  were not of one nalivily. and if a hcallhy pnlrioLic  sentiment, is lo prevail, and only b.v lhe growl 1^ of  .such a sentiinenl can Ciniiuhi Lake a place among Kng-  lish-spcaking nations, tin- responsibilities of government  inusl he eiiLrusLed lo men of known capacity, anil nol to  men who by accident of liirtli imagine themselves rulers  by Divine right.   Thei-efiire, be il resolved���  First. That we hold ns reprelu-nsible Lhe practice _of  appointing non-resident- to ollicial positions iu interior  districts, and we maintain that all ollices, where practicable, .should be tilled hy lusidents of Lhe ili-triol, wherein  the ollicial performs duty.  Second. Special and jirivalo legislation not only consumes too great a pari of Lhe Lime that.shoiikl bit devoted  lo the consideration of public uieasiires, hut il. leads to  practices that tend to lessen eoulidence in the integrity  of Lhe legislative assembly, mid through it an insidious  poison is disseminated- that in time will find ils way  throughout the whole .organism of the body politic-:  therefore, we favor the onacfincut of general laws that  will reduce to a minimum--special legislation [and do  away with private legislation altogether.  Third. The interests of the province wore\ not  safe-guarded in the agreement between the government  and the Nakusp & Slocnn Railway Company, and the  policy of-the'government in pledging the credit of the  province, in order that speculative companies may prolit  thereby, i.s to be condemned.  Fourth. After making provision for the payment of  Lhe running expenses of the government, expenditures  should he confined solely to the building and betterment  of wagon roads and other works.lhat arc for Lhe free use  anilbenoHL of the public-ai.-largc, leaving to private enterprise the construction unci operation of railways and  all other undertakings for the use of which Lhe public  are required to pay.  Jh'iftli. The speedy adjustment of the diU'erenees between Lhe province and the Dominion, lo the end that  the land within the railway belt along the Canadian  i'aeillc railway lie thrown, open lo settlement under Lhe  land laws of the province; the amendment'of the Land  Act so that it will be an equitable contract between  the province and the sclllur, eliminating all discretionary  powers-of the'chief commissioner of lands and works:  also amending it so as to permit the outright, purchase of  .small tracts in all unsurvcyed mountainous districts.  Sixth. The timber lands of the province should be  held in trust for the future needs of its people, and not  handed over, under long leases, Lo '-speculative 'mill owners as a saleable asset.  Seventh. The development of the mining industry  should not be hampered hy legislation that, makes the  procurement of title to surface rights impossible; that  levies - unequal taxation on working miners; and that  makes it difficult to compel delinquent.co-owners- to pay  their share of assessment work: therefore, wo favor the  repeal of sections S and l.l\ of the Mineral Act anil a  revision of the .sections relating to mining partnerships.  Kighlh. The passage of an act whereby water rights  for any specific purpose maybe obtained as readily as  such rights are now obtained for mining purposes under  the provisions of the Mineral Act.  Ninth. The establishment of a land registry for Ivootenay district.  Tenth. The holding in Ivootenay district of terms of  tho county courl at short intervals: extending Lhe  power Lo issue capias to registrars of county courts in  districts in which there are no resident judges; and the  passage of an act that will allow the collection of small  debts in courts composed of justices of the peace.  Klevonth. The extortions to which laborers on railway  construction and other works arc compelled Lo submit,  through the issuance of time-checks,-.is alike'discreditable Lo Lhe moit who prolit by such practices and Lo the  government that makes no effort to render such practices  impossible. The issuance of non-nogoliablo time-checks  should be made a punishable oU'enee, and the issuance of  negotiable time-checks should only bo allowable under a  law that would safeguard the rights of tho party lo whom  they are issued.  Twelfth. Contractors and sub-contractors on railways  should haven means of getting speedy redress from unjust classification and unfair'measurement of work by  the appointment of an ollicial arbitrator who shall be  a practical engineer.  Thirteenth. The government is to be condemned for  the passage of a redistribution act iiuit is not uniform in  its provisions, and by which representation is neither  based on population, voting 'strength, nor contributed  revenue. ..  Resolved, that the go>> eminent is to he blamed for  keeping in office in West Kootenay a gold commissioner  who is not competent to perform the duties of the ollice.  Resolved, that the attention of the government i.s  called to the necessity of havingpiiid constables stationed  at points on the International boundary line like Ry-  kert's and Waneta.  Resolved, that it is of the utmost importance that trails  and wagon roads be built to connect all mining camps in  West Kootenay with transportation routes that are open  the year round.  Resolved, that the nominee of this convention he required to pledge himself to do bis utmost to carry out. the  views expressed in the resolutions adopted by this convention, iiiiu that each delegate to this convention make  every effort to secure the election of the nominee uf the  convention.  Resolved, (lint the lands embraced within railway  grants should be immediately surveyed, in order that  they he open Lo settlement.  Resolved, that the people living in the valley of Ivootenay river between the lnkcuiid the International bound-  dary line and those living in Fire Valley on the west side  of Lower Arrow lake are justly entitled to mail facilities,  mid that we deem il a duly to urge that post ollices be  established al. Rykert's custom-house and at a central  point in Fire Valley.   LETTER   OF   ACCEPTANCE.  Nklson. April 17th. IHII.  To Tin-: Chairman and Skci.i.tai.v ok tiii: Suitii  Kooti.nav ei.NVi.NTniN-- Centlemeii : I herewith accept the nomination for member of Ihe legislative ns-  sembly ti.nili-.ri.-d mo by I ho ill-legates assembled in convention a| Nelson on the lllh inslanl : ami if elected I  will use my best endeavors In i-nrryoiit the principles of  tin- platform adopted by I lie: convent ion, believing them  to h .- in Lhe interest of all those who favor good government. 'I hanking you and tin- delegates for the honor  conferred, I am respectfully vours,  .1. I-'RKD. HUM K.  It.  F. (IHKI-.N, Ksq., I'hail'llian.  J. A. Tfii.vKft, secretary.  monument to liis memory in West Koolenay. The wh.-irf is a more suitable  memorial. Kor. although the people were  divided on the question, had tlio gold commissioner been in touch with those whose  .servant he was .supposed to be, and whose  interests he wtis in office to look after,  thiib waste of public money would never  have been incurred.  The'agitation  with  regard to the Xew  Uouver-ttlociin  wagon road was began  by  lhe Xew Denver citi/.ens as early as Keb-  riiary.    A  report setting forth  the condition of the road and the necessary repairs  ivii.i sent to premier  Davie.    Further representations   were   made  by  telegram to  the effect that if the canyon bridge was  nol constructed forthwith it could not be  built <it all.    Captain  Kit/..slubb.s  got  instructions  to   have   the  bridge  built   tit  once.    Kor  this pui-po.se he employed an  engineer  who litis no qualification in this  province or  in   Canada, tind  whose most  remarkable    characteristics     appear    to  be   a   great    love    of   solitude   and    tib-  slracti mathematics.    Ife   has shown   no  great engineering intelligence!, except in  keeping  uniformly  on   the  blind .side of  captain  Kit/.slubbs.    He went to work tit  the canyon wilh a small force of men and  great deliberation.      The   woodwork   on  the abuttmcnls of the bridge tind the piers  was as good as could be desired.    But the  credit of that does not belong to the engineer, but to his foreman, Cole iMurchison,  an old-time bridge carpenter and  a  man  who knows how to handle both men and  timber.    A few of the Xew Denver people  telegraphed premier Davie about the condition   of   the   wagon    road    and     tho  waste of time and money that was going  on;   and,  as  a. consequence,  Mr.   Goepel  Was sent in to investigate matters.    It is  but justice to Mr. Goepel to assume that  his hands are more or less tied by the offi-  citil  or  unofficial  routine  of business  to  which he litis fallen heir.    But is there no  salvation  for  the   public   works in   this  country?   Must mine owners and business  men gnash their teeth in   vain at losses  and--delays, which the funds at the disposal  of   the   government   would   easily  avert if judiciously expended?'  On the night of Monday last a. considerable portion of the new works was  swept away. The kind of bridge contemplated has been rendered impossible and  much of the timber cut is now useless.  The creek undermined the foundation of  themain pier and "carried it away bodily.  The engineer went to work and put expensive and costly work on a foundation  that would not turn the waters of the  creek. What is to be (lone now? Can  there be no change made in the system of  expenditure? Is it impossible for the government to let ti contract to a competent  man both to build the bridge and put the  road in repair? If something of this sort  is not done, the whole, appropriation for  West Kootenay-may be put on to this  short strip of road and there be nothing  more to .show for it than there is at  present as' equivalent for the $1000 already spent on the canyon bridge.  AFTER THE MURDER.  WASTING   PUBLIC   MONEY.  Had the government gone to work with  the deliberate intention of throwingaway  the appropriations devoted to the .Slocan  district, instead of with the motive of  buying the assistance of the voters iu that  section in its forthcoming struggle for existence, it could not have wasted more  money or done more useless work than it  already has this spring.  Iu the lirst place it built an absolutely  useless wharf tit New Denver. There i.s  not much use in going into the wharf  question at this lime of day. Tin;citizens  of Xew Deliver were not united on the  question. Captain Kitzstubbs i.s said to  have suited that if the money appropriated for a wharf had been applied on the  road he would have htiilt a bridge across  C-'arj'cuter creek which would have been it  Tin-: gentlemen who support- G. O. Buchanan's candidacy must feel shocked  when they enter his committee rooms at  Kaslo. Holland's variety theatre i.s classed  by The Miner as a "place of ill-repute;"  As ti.mk hangs heavily on the hands of  Gilbert Malcolm Sproat, premier Davie's  election agent in the south riding of West  Kootenay, it is rumored he is to devote  his spare time in assisting Mr. Kellie to  make a successful run in the north riding.  Fan a paper that is continually at war  'with the organized'labor employed.in its  own office, the Vancouver. World has considerable "gall" to devote as much space  as it does to gratuitous advice to organized labor.       ,  The  Canadian Beaver.  W. Hasley, Hudson's Bay Company  broker, confirms whtit has been too apparent for the last two years���that the  days of the beaver are numbered. He  cannot co-exist with civilization, cannot  be domesticated, and till attempts to rear  him iu captivity have failed. As a consequence, the time will come when a  castereum pod will be as scarce as a Great  Auk's egg. At one time, said Mr. llasley,  I lie Hudson's Hay Company was the oniy  The woman was dead. Her lace, ashen-  hued and distorted, was turned upward,  find Darcal. as he gazed upon it, began to  understand what- he had done. Perhaps,  even at that moment, ho began to fear the  consequences of hi.s crime. Ves, tlie  woman wtis dead: there could be no doubt  on that score. The grip had been too linn  aud the lithe, sinewy, rage-strengthened  lingers had clutched the white, soft,  slender neck with ti ferocity that only  death could appease.  The brutality of the crime did not move  Darcal so much as wonderment that his  purpose had beeu accomplished so easily.  She had scarcely struggled when his  lingers closed upon her throat. She could  , not scream, and her gurgling sobs were  smothered by the other hand of the murderer, close pressed upon the woman's  mouth. Darcal was calm euougii now, as  he stood there looking down into chat  face so cold and still, the eyes almost  closed and che lips parted as if the sleeper  were trying to utter the incoherent  thoughts of her dreams. And now he  wondered why he had killed her. It was,  too soon for remoise: but an indefinable  fear began to creep into his heart, chilling  it and depressing its action. A fear of  what? The hangman? Not yet. Justice, even at her swiftest, i.s but leaden-  heeled, and the hangman stands long in  the shadow of the crime. No; Darcal did  not fear the hangman, for reason told  him that if he did not betray himself, he  was safe from evil consequences. Nobody  had seen him enter the house. It was  growing dark. Nobody need see him  lea vet-lie place. Those who should discover the corpse need never know the  perpetrator of the deed or his motive.  The secret was safe enough in the keeping of himself living and this one dead.  Still he could not rid himself of that  oppression���that feeling of heart-numbness and brain-weight so akin to fear, and  yet was not fear; so nearly related to remorse, and was not remorse.  He looked about him, half expecting to  find some one or something close by at hi.s  elbow, also looking down at the face of  the dead woman. The little ivory clock  on the oak mantle struck six. The chimes  startled him, and the silence oppressed  him. He looked once more at the face of  the -woman, peering through the twilight  to observe more closely the features of  the dead who had died by his hand. It  seemed to him that they were of ghastlier  hue; the eyes were opening, and there-was  ;ti gleam of teeth between the parting'lips  ���a hideous, sinister smile, such as only  the dead can smile. Darcal' began to feel  uncomfortable, and he would have gone  away if he could have overcome the  strange fascination that had begun to exercise its influence upon him���a fascination  one element of which was the danger of  discovery if he remained.  He wanted to reason out-why he had  killed her. Ho wanted to analyze and  make clear to his understanding the  motives tha-t had impelled him to this  murder. Ves, murder. He would not try  to disguise or palliate the truth; and having admitted the truth, he derived an intensity of pleasure in contemplation of  his crime that can be appreciated'only by  those who have wantonly, or in cold blood  slain a fellow-being.  Why had he killed her? That he was  justified, Darcal did not doubt for an instant. It was only necessary that he  should collect his thoughts, arrange the  details in their .proper order, and trace  the logic of events to find ample justification for this murder. It was not necessary .that his theory of self-defense should  satisfy tiny one but himself, for it was  impossible that anyone else should ever  know who had murdered the woman or  why she was murdered. Only in the  rarest instances are murderers unable to  arrive at this self-justification, and Darcal  ���was confident that his was not an exceptional case.  Going back to that troth-plighting under  the apple-blossoms, in that distant hind  where the (lowers are perennial beneath  skies that tire forever blue, Darcal sought  for his justification tind found it not.  though he saw dimly through the mists  of years a fateful shadow creeping  athwart the sunshine of those happy,  hopeful hearts. Then he came to the  little gray chapel where the priest gave  him his blessing, and he remembered even  the odor of the lilacs wafted by the warm  breezes through the half-opened windows  ���are those lilacs in the bosom of the dettd  would go out into the haunts of men and  reflect on this matter���he would not decide hastily, nor in the presence of the  woman he had killed.  The bells of a distant steeple struck  seven as Darcal softly closed the door behind him tind walked down tlie stairs to  the street, in the hurrying crowd he  knew he was- safe/ from that human  justice so frequently at variance-with individual estimates of right and wrong.  The hounds of the law could not. track  him now,--and only his own-soul could sit  in judgment over him. Mow solitary he  felt iu that throng;'alone with himself in  the throbbing heart'of the great city; unknown, unheeded by the selfish, trampling.' multitude. Once or twice lie- was  startled out of his introspection by the  feeling that some one or something was  following close at his side, some one offer-,  ing menace, something unpleasant. He  turned abruptly,. and wtis angry with  himself for yielding.to his morbid fancy.  Presently he slopped. There were not  many people in this street, at this hour.  Later,' when the roaring thoroughfares  out under the yellow mist were silent,  men came skulking here tind were admitted to these houses in silence, unquestioned Darcal looked, at the house.    Xo  lights flamed in the windows: no voices,  or music, or revelry gave evidence of habitation; darkness,silence, and a glowering,  ominous, evil-looking house in the iniagin-  ation'of Darcal, even before he recognized  il'as the home of one dead by the hand of  ti murderer-'not yet satisfied of hi.s justification���the abiding- place of a woman  throttled to death for some'good reason  not yet clear to the mind iind conscience  of her slayer. Darcal could not face even  this silent accuser, and he shrank away in  terror of the thought that he might not  find his justification here. He even feared  the possibility of an outcry���the outcry  that murder provokes. And again he was  born away on the restless human tide that  ebbs tind flows through the-great city���  -alone with his conscience, alone with liis  ci-inie, alone with the phantom of a hope  that he had begun to nurse tind fondle  oven when his clutch was ou the woman's  throat.  Why had he killed her? The question  kept'beating on his brain like a hammer  on the anvil. The monotonous iteration  became momentarily-more painful, manifesting itself in a physical depression, as  if extraneous forces were exerting their  powers to oppress. Why had ho killed  her?....Why had he killed "her?  True, he had asked her for money, and  she had refused him, with the sneer of her  class on her lips aud the scorn of bitter  contempt':  distorting    a      face    already  importer   of   castereum;   now   there  tire  several others   in  the   field,   and  some i.s  imported   from    Alaska.     The   Hudson's  May  Company   is   now   doing all   in   its  power to prevent the total extermination  of the beaver.    It has systematically set  aside certain islands, particularly favored  by the animals, along the coast of Hudson's   May as  beaver   reserves.    These islands tire visited every third year (which  is the period   in   which  ti   beaver  kitten  matures),   when   as   many    animals    are  killed its are 'calculated to  represent the  natural increase during that period.    Mut  within ii few years the beavers will have  destroyed (ill the trees in the islands, and  then, unless  new  preserves   are started,  the animal will  then be  within   measure-  able distil nee of ex term inn tion.   Proposals  for the establishment of beaver ranches,  however, arc constantly being mooted in  lhe Canadian press.    In   certain   parts of  tin.- Canadian I'ockies, where colonization  is now fit king place,   the   beaver colonies  are said to be protected expressly in order  to preserve the water-supply, for  experience has shown   that   in   many  parts of  Mritish America the extermination of the  beaver   has   been   followed   quickly   by  ' severe dioughts.  woman's dress? And the future���how  bright it looked, and how swiftly it came  to the flower-docked portals of their present, and what it miserable, crime-stained  future it wtis. corroding the honor of the  husband, corrupting the virtue of the  wife. And so they parted and went their  ways, never dreaming even then that it  would come to this.  Kor a time Darcal could not bring himself to ii close contemplation of the incidents immediately environing the slaying  of this woman. They were too sordid,  too insignificant in comparison with the  enormity of .the event. At first he tried  to justify himself by accusing the woman ;  but, strangely enough, thatdid not satisfy  him���-it lacked the strength of an honest  judgment. There was a time, perhaps,  when such an accusation would have acquitted him before till the world and in  the tribunal of hi.s own conscience- but  not now. The statute of liin.itations had  intervened to mitigate even the heinous-  ness of her crime.  Perhaps if he went away iind mingled  with the living instead of standing here  communing with the dead, the solution  of this xuestion between himself iind his  conscience would lie easier. There was  no valid reason why he should settle the  matter and arrive tit a satisfactory conclusion so soon after the-no, he would  not call it murder. On reflection it was  not murder���-in the sense tha-t unjust ili-  itble homicide i.s murder. The hi ws of  man hold some murders justifiable, and  surely the conscience of the murderer  may' acquiesce   in   such  judgment,    lie  hardened by reckless disregard of every  womanly virtue, lie had asked her for  money ���not as ordinary blackmailers,  trafficking in the victim's fear, but as a  'supplicant, pleading at the feet of one  who might once have given life itself for  the comfort .and; gratification of the  'j (leader. She'-had "refused him: but that  refusal could not be construed .-is a sufficient motive for .what he had done.  'Murder may be done for a mercenary nur-  pose, and is frequently so acc.omijli.shed.  But Darcal could not convince himself  'that he.had strangled this woman because  she had refused to give him .-money. His  better nature revolted at the suggestion.  No; he had not killed her in anger induced  by her contemptuous refusal to give him  money.  The perfume of lilacs and roses gushing  warm from the open door of it florist's recalled to Da mil's memory the scene in  the little gray chapel: the priest blessing  their union; the colored shadows of the  stained windows, through which the sunlight streamed; and, like a ghostly melody, he seen led again to hear the music of  birds, singing in the .magnolias���the titter  and carol of merry songsters distinct tind  clear through the. turmoil of the town.  Surely that shadow, just beyond the side-  glance of his half-closed eye, had substance; else why (lid it so persistently  make, its presence felt? That absurd  fancy again���absurd, but terrifying as an  illusion that one fears may become a delusion firmly fixed in a mind capable of  understanding that such fixity means insanity. An absurd fancy���and Darcal  laughed. The beggar on the crossing  shuddered to hear the laugh of this.man  hurrying by, instinctively recognizing  the horror of the thoughts that provoked  it���knowing, as some natures know, that  the man who laughed thus, alone in the  crowd, w.ts one not tit peace with himself  or his God���a creature to be dreaded,  shunned, abhorred.  Once more Darcal stopped, and again  his. eyes stared into the awful gloom of  this house, intently listening to hear a  moan', a shriek, any sound, human or inhuman, that might;'break the silence that  brooded where the dead woman lay, with  her ashen lace upturned in tho darkness.  Why had he returned? His intention had  boon flight, though he was fa,in tit admit  on reflection that he had set no destination  for that flight, guided only by the instinct  of self-preservation. Why had he come  back to this scowling abode of sin and  death? And its the murderer gazed at  the silent house and remembered what lay  within, a terror came upon him that only  the outcry ho dreaded would have lifted.  This time Darcal went away determined  never to come back, reasoning with himself that it was not safe for a murderer to  haunt the scene of his crime. Ho would  cross tho city to his lodging, Avhere the  hangman'could not find him tind where  the-veiigeanee of offended justice would  never seek him.  Still hi.s thoughts ran upon his motive  for this murder. Still he debated with  himself his reasons. Why had he killed  her? Xot because she had' refused to give  him money, but because���ah, that was the  reason ��� he had discovered his true motive  at last. How simple, how natural, what  ii conipletoiind unmistakable justification !  Ves. he had found it at last, iind there  was relief, almost happiness, in the  thought. The whole world would justify  him and give him sympathy. He need  not fear the hangman, because they do  not hang men who strangle women I'or  that: he need not fear the reproaches of  a too exacting conscience, for this monitor  accepted the justification as ample and  adequate.  He could look the house squarely in the  face now; he could meet its scowl with  the stern consciousness of rectitude���as  the executioner ineets the frown of those  who execrate him for hi.s work upon those,  they love. He wtis strong in the faith of  his justification.        '���; ..  The man,who came down the stairway  stepped aside to let Darcal pass, but the  latter .paused to 'make enquiry:       ,  "Have you seen her?" His voice was  low, but his tone was pleasant, and .the  other was constrained to-reply-:        ������'���''��� ������������<���  "Seen whom?" he asked.     ' ,'���  "Why, my���the woman who lives���who  lived here?"  "Nol There was no answer to-my ring  at the bell. The house is dark. They are  out, I imagine."  "She is not out," said Dareal earnestly..  ".Let us go in."  _ Darcal took hold of the man's arm and  gently, urged him .up the stairs.  They stood together in the-darkness'.of  the'apartment, heavy with the odor of  lilacs. They could hear the little clock on  the mantel ticking 'steadily.  "There is no one here," said .Darcal's'  companion.' . ���"���'  "Von are mistaken." the, murderer answered: she is here. It is not three hours  since I left her.    I   will show her to you."  Darcal struck a match, and gradually  the yellow light pervaded the room, revealing the form of a woman outstretched  upon the lloor with her face upturned.  Darc.-tl waited until the sulphur of the  match had burned away, and then he  lighted the gas.  Darcal and the man looked down into  the woman's lace. The eyes were wide  open now staring up at Darcal, and there  was a sinister smile on her lips���a ghastly  smile, tt smile of triumph and satislied  vengeance.  "Why  did   vim   l.-ill l..>.-'J  man.  "Meca.use-  answered.  ���Just then the clock on tlie mantel  chimed the hour of eight.  England's Big- Auxiliary Navy.  The admirably have arranged with the  Cuiiiird. Peninsular. Oriental, and Canadian Pacific steamship companies for  those companies to hold twenty-eight of  their steamships at the disposition of the  admirably in case of emergency. Nearly  =��.'3-1.000 will be paid iu subsidies this year  for twelve of these steamships. For the  reinainingsixteen ships no subsidies will  l)e paid. Last year nine vessels only were  held iit the disposition of the admiralty,  and I'or five of these ��21,972 was paid in  subsidies.  Cv & K; S.N. Co. (Ltd.)  ; TIME  TABLE   NO. 3.  '.' '���   ������'���'.-     hi cfl'ect Tuesday, May, 1, ISM.  did  you  kill her?" inquired the  -because I loved her." .Darcal  WILLIAM PERDUE  'arkets  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will coiitrart to supply milling companies and steam  boats with fi-osli inuats, and deliver sainu at any mine  or laniliny in   the   Ivootenay Lake country.  NELSON Office and Market, 11 East Baker St.  KASLO MARKET, Fourth Street.  ILSON   &  BURNS  (Successors to Burns, Alclnaes & Co.)  Wholesale ami retail dealers in stock and dressed  meals. Are prepared to furnish in any <|uanlil.y  beet', pork, mutton, veal, bacon, and ham, at the  lowest possible prices.  Nelson, Kaslo, and Three Forks  ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.  TO   0?"E3:__B  Electors of the South Riding  OF WEST KOOTENAY.  G hxti.k.m i-;x: I laving been requested at  a large and iulluential meeting of the  electors of Xelson, and also by a .requisition signed by a large number of the  citizens of Ivaslo, to stand as a candidate in the Government intetest at  the forthcoming Provincial Election, I  desire to signify my acceptance-of the  nomination antl to thank those who  have proffered me the honor. To them  iind to the electors generally I wish to  say thitt, if elected, I will give careful  attention to all matters coming within  the sphere of legislation and to the best  of my ability protect and promote the  interests of tlie district aud the province.  I am, gentlemen, very respectfully yours,  ii. 0. BUCHANAN.  Now is the time to order your Spring Suit.  M l SQUIRE  Revelstoke ..Route���Steamer Columbia.  Connecting -witli  the Canadian  Pacific  Railway (main  line) for all points easL and west.    -     r.    -   ���  Leaves Uevelstoke on Tuesdays and Fridays at I a. in.  Leaves Jlobson on Wednesdays and Saturdays at S p. in.  Northport Route���Steamer Columbia.  CoiincctiiiK iit Northport for points north and south on  the Spokane Falls & Northern Kailwav.  Leaves Robson Wednesdays and Saturdays at S a. in.  Leaves North port Wednesdays and Saturdays at 1 p.-m.  Kaslo  Route���Steamer Nelson.  CoiincctiiiK with Nelson  &  l-'ort Sheppard Railway for  for Spokane and all points east and west.     '   .  Leaves NKLSON��� Leaves ICASLO--  Mondays at il a. m. Sundays at S a. in.  ,..-  Wednesdays at o: 10 p. in.        Tuesdays at .'I a. in.  Thursdays at ;"> p. in. Thursdays at. 8 a. in.  Saturdays at. f>:KJ p. in. Ki-idays at.'l a. in.  Bonner's Ferry Route���Steamer Spokane.  Connecliii},' with Great Northern railway for all eastern points, Spokane and the Coast.  Leaves Kaslo at :t a. in. and Nelson at 7:1;*) a. in. on Tuesdays and Fridays.'  Leaves Honner's Kerry at i a. in. on Wednesdays and  Saturdays.          .       .  The.company reserves the ritfhl, to change this schedule  at any lime without nol ice.  I-'or full information, a- lo liekcts, rales, etc., apply al.  the coinpanv's ollice. Nelson, li. C.  T. ALLAN, Secrelary.       J. W. TltOUI*. Malinger.  Spokane Falls & Northern Eailway,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway.  All Rail to Spokane, Washington.  Leave 7 A. _\1 ,\ HI.SON..  .Arrive 3:10 I*."H.  Coiiiiucncinf,' .lamiary Sl.li. ISM. on Tuesdays and Fridays (rains will run Ihrough to Spokane, arriving theie  at f>:.'i(l 1'. M. same day. Returning will leave Spokane  at 7 A.M. on Wednesdays and .Saturdays, arriving at  Nelson at, i>:III V. _M., making close connections with  steamer Nelson for all I-Coolenay lake points.  Hotel for Sale.  (The estate of MeKaehren & Co. in liquidation.)  THE HOTEL SLOCAN,  Till-: I'RINCII'AL IIOTFL IN TIIK CITY OF KASLO.  This house occupies two lots on the corner  of 4th street and A avenue and is 50 by  100 feet in size. It has three floors and  about 70 bed-rooms, nearly all of which  are furnished.  'Arrangements have been made by which Ihe lolscan  be sold wilh Ihe house. The house has been running  eight months and has done n paying busbies.-., and which  by good management could be greally improved. For  terms and particulars apply to  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Assignee.  Ivaslo. H. C, December IStli, ISM.  ootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  A full slock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry,  clear Mr Mooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  NELSON STEAM  SASH AND BOOR FACTORY  SASH. DOORS, AND WINDOW  .MAOK TO OUDlOIt.  FRAiMKS  Estimates Given on-Building Supplies.  TURNING. SURFACING. AND MATCHING.    "  Orders from any town in the Kootenay Lake country  promptly attended lo.   General jobbing of all kinds.  RICHARD STUCKEY, Proprietor.  John M. ICkukku.  Jami-.s W. Skai.k.  KEEFER  &  SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  Job teaming done.    Have several hundred cords of good  wood, which will bo sold at reasonable prices.  tKAVB    OltllKKS    AT  J.  P.  Hume   &   Co.'s,   Vernon   Street.   Nelson  Nelson   Livery Stable  Passengers and  baggage  transferred  to and   from  tho  railway depot, iind steamboat landing.    Freight  hauled and job teaming done.   Stovo  wood for sale.  WILLIAM WILSONT PROPUTKTOR  Has just received his stock  of Tweed, Serge, and Worsted  Suitings and Trouserings.  Prices to Suit the Times.  Hunter &   McKinnon,  General Merchants,  New   Denver  and   Silverton.  Keep on hand al. both   places everything reipiired by  the prospector, miner, anil mine owner.  PLEASURE GROUNDS.  The undersigned will have his grounds at Five Mile  Point ready fur picnics, pleasure parlies, and excursions  by Mav 1st. Special rates will be made with steamboats  and railwnvs. 11. F. I'l-.RRY.  Five Mile Point, March Will. lS'.ll.    NOTICE OF ASSIGNMENT.  Pursuant lo the'"Creditors' Trust Deeds Act, ISflO."  Notice is hereby given that James McDonald and  .lames .Smart. I railing under the firm name of James McDonald & Company, of the town of Nelson, province of  Hrilish Columbia, furniture dealers, have by deed bearing date the (Ith day of AprH. 18!)l. assigned all their real  and personal property liable to execution unto \\ illiam  A. Jowett of the said town of Nelson, agent, in trust for  the benelit of all their creditors. The said deed of assignment was executed bv the said assignors and trustee on  the lllh day of April. A. D. ISM. All persons having acclaim against the said linn of James McDonald & Company are hereby required to forward particulars of the  sanie. dulv verified, to the mid trustee, William A.  Jowett. on'or bi.-rore the 1st day of June, A. I). ISM, and  nil persons indebted lo Ihe said firm are requested to pay  the amount of such indebtedness- tothesaid tru.-.tee forthwith. Alter the said 1st day of June. ISM, the trustee  will proceed lo distribute the assets of the said estate  amongst, the parlies entitled thereto, having regard only  to the claims of which lie shall then have received notice.  JOHN KLLIOT, Baker street, Nelson,  Solicitor for the trustee.  Da'cd, (his 171 h day of April, 1801.  2&&  NOTICE.  Tho sitting of the county court, of ICootenay, lo be  holden at Nelson, has been postponed until Monday, tho  21st day of May, A.I). I8!)l.  T. IT. C1IFFIN, Uegistrar.  Nelson, H.C, December llth, 18U3.  i  rlri>  m THE  TBIBTOE:   2STELSCW,  B/Q, SATURDAY, MAY  -20,  1394.  New Denver, situated as it is at the mouth of Carpenter Creek, on the east side of Slocan Lake, is within easy reach  of every mine in the g-reat Slocan Mining* Division of West Kootenay District, and, notwithstanding* all reports to the  contrary, is the only town so situated. It is one of the few townsites in West Kootenay whose owners can give absolute title to lots. Business men, mining" men, miners, and prospectors, desiring" either sites for stores, offices, or  residences,  will be liberally dealt with.    Prices rang��e from $25   for residence lots to $500 for business   lots.    Apply  to  9  Capital,  Rest,  all paid  up,     -  $12,000,000  6,000,000  Sir  DONALD  A.  SMITH,.. President,  lion. GEO.  A.  DKUMMOND,.. ;.Vice-President  K.  S. OLOUSTON General Manager  iisrzELsorisr .B-R-^iisrorH:  0/. W.'Cor. Baker and Stanley Streets.        IlICANCillliS IN       LONDON   (England),   NEW" YORK,   CHICAGO,  mid in.the principal cities in Canada.  liny and sell Sterling  lOxchaiige and Cable Transfers.  GKANT CO.M.MI-.KCIAI. AM) TKAVKM.I-.KS'-CKKDITS,  available in any part of theworld.  DU.VKTS   ISSUKI);  COLLECTIONS  MAUI!;  ETC.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  HATE OF INTEKEST (at. present) IU Per Cent.  FAR IN THE BUSH.  Nowhere on theconfinos ot' civilization,  tind away from savage attack, will one  now get more tliab is exciting Lo the  litiMtsi_.mii, or diversely interesting to the  naturalist;, than in certtiin portions of the  Bush country of Australia.  There wtis tt party of us, L-! in number���  three "new chums," seven "squatters,"'  two '���swaginen," glad to ride horses, in  exchange for lending a hand, a stranger  who afterwards ..developed into a full-  fledged "duffer," find the writer, a wandering naturalist. It wtis a party too big  to travel by stage, and glad to escape the  terrors of "the Royal mail." We made  ii I > tt cavtilcade, fearless of "bushrangers,"  and intent on a good time.  There are five principal sorts of bush-  dwellers, whose names call for a word of  explanation. "Squatters" are those owning a little-piece of ground and renting  grazing land from the government i'or  miles around. <: "Swtignieu" are men who  carry their "swag," or little all, done it))  in a blanket, worn in a ring a la horse collar. These men tramp from place, willing  to work a little and to eat'much in return. "New chums" are the greenies who  lately arrived, are eager to win fabulous  wealth from any investment. -"Duffers,"  akin to our cowboys, are ever on the alert  for another's strayed four-footed property, and ready to mark nuggets," as the  mavericks or yearling cattle are called.  "J3usJiriiiigers"are the -'Captain Kids of  the plains who, like our road agents,  "stand up" mail coaches and wayside  inns, and live well on the savings of  others.  Beyond the few railway lines, stretch  many miles of mail-coach routes. This  form of transportation, however, is  "Royal" only in name, for a royal mail  coacii is usually little better than aspring-  less farm wagon for comfort.  It was near the end of the dry season.  All that we had to fear on a camping trip  was some swollen streams in the interior,  throbbing with the rush of the first mountain rains.  There was a. sameness in the fare, the  "damper" and the "everlasLing mutton"  being rather tiresome, to state it mildly.  The former, a sour, soggy, paper-weight  sort of bread, is well named: nothing  could be better fitted to put a damper on  ,^lie most ravenous appetite. One of our  number, however, made excellent .Johnnie  cakes, although the method of making  was somewhat crude. A large piece of  bark, torn from ,-t nearby tree, served him  for his baking board, but when by the  grateful warmth the hidden grub or lurking beetle was coaxed forth, only to be  bilked in our bread, it had its drawbacks.  Our first adventure came wlien. after having followed a new trail for two days, we  suddenly came upon tlie Sandy river. Its  name promised a nearly dry ford, but it  was now a roaring torrent. While some  made camp, hoping that the flood would  subside by morning, two of us went back  eight miles to the nearest estate to get instructions how to cross in safety.  The next day saw the water a trifle  higher, and the couriers brought word  that the river was not safe to cross if over  250 yards wide, that being too long it swim  for our horses"!n the deep, rushing' current.  Guesses differed from 200 to -KM) yards,  so deceptive is distance across the water.  I then witnessed for the first time a  novel method of ascertaining tlie exact  width of a stream. One of our party selected a bush on the bank, and another  directly across tlie stream from it. Then,  carefully stepping off fifty paces along  the bank, he drove a tall stake, and iu the  same direction paced fifty more. hYon  this point lie turned sharply at a riglr.  angle inland, carefully counting his paces  until he came to a point where his stake-  on the bank was exactly in line with the  bush on tlte far side of tlie .stream. The  number of paces that he had walked back  from tlie stream was then the exact distance across tit the point selected.  The stream-proved to be 200 yards wide,  but wo voted to cross. It was interesting  to see how different were the methods ol  doing this. Four of our party preferred  Lo stay in tlie saddle, fully dressed, such  as that taxed their horses. Five placed  their clothes on their saddles, and hanging  to their horse's tails, swam frog-like behind them. Three swam alone, trusting  their steeds to wait on the other side.  Two of us, old campaigners, tied oui  clothes in tight bundles on our horses'  heads, far outof the. water, and with one  hand on the-saddle pommel, swam encouragingly by our horses' sides. W'e  were the only ones who arrived on the  other side with dry clothes.  One of the three who swam alone had  the misfortune to lose his "1-year-old tlutt  he htid been riding, because its terror  caused it-to'give .up in the 'rush of the  mid-stream. A good horse and a good  swimmer can cross a half mile ol deep  water iu the side-by-side fashion here  described.  At one of our camping places a groat  round-up of cattle wtis on for the next  day. as Lhe scarcity of pasturage made a  move necessary. In true Australian style  we till stayed over to lend a. helping hand  in this most exhilarating sport. Of  course this, like everything else, is done  in the saddle, for your true dweller in the  bush will walk a half a. mile to catch and  saddle a-horse to ride a quarter. The hillsides were here very stoop, covered with  loose earth or rolling stones, and a dash  down one of these and up-another, was  like unto nothing else iu the saddle.  About 80 of us essayed to get together  between -1000 and 5000 widely-scattered  cattle, among them unruly bulls, stupid  steers, scarey cows with their calves, in  turn the hardest to manage of the lot.  Whether a pack of hounds and mongrel  curs, quite tothe number of 50, were tin  aid to us or only a hinderance I. 'shall  never feel certain. Some were broken in  to bark and drive, not a few at first scolding made for home, others iiercely bit the  heels or noses of the cattle, scattering  them in every direction, and not a few  paid more attention to worrying the  horses than to driving the herd.  My own experience was ti fair sample of  that of all. Having chased tt stampeded  steer for quite -two miles across the open,  and through some scrub timber, dodging  boulders and stumps tind then rushing  through tall switching grass only to come  -pell-mell into a hidden water hole too  wide to jump, or tearing through the  scrub with every branch and sapling apparently reaching For my eyes, I finally  headed the beast oil', ami turned it back  on a trot toward the point where he had  left the herd.  On .joining the main drive again, a warning cry .caused me to turn .just in time to  see that a 'mother cow, long annoyed at  not being allowed to stop by the wayside  to nourish her calf, had suddenly singled  me out for vengeance, tind was coming for  me head down at a "World's Fair flyer"  gait. Quickly turning my horse, we were  oil" for a half-mile spin, .just reversing the  order of the chase with the steer. When  the cow w.-ts so tired as to make it possible  to drive her back, three dogs headed us  off, turned her back towards the abandoned pasturage, and several more miles  were covered before the harm wtis undone.  So the time wore away, and after from  ���10 to 75 miles with but two of our.number  and eleven head of cattle missing, riding  back and forth, we camped just eight  miles from the point of deptirttu-e. The  two absentees and four of the (rattle came  into camp the next morning, just as some  of Lhe others of the party were going ottL  ou ti general search for them: iind Lhe tale  Lhiit they had to tell was peculiar, to say  the least.  itappears that there is no way in which  livestock over can be brought to the point  of tolerating a kangaroo among them.  The appearance of oneof these high junipers in a field where cattle tire feeding i.s  til ways the signal for a genera! stampede  to as remote a point as possible. And  most horses are just as unmanageable in  this respect as the cattle.  Our two wanderers had s.tirted oil' on  the previous (lay after eleven head of  cattle that had taken to their heels down  the dry bed of a gully that led to the  river. After going some distance iu pursuit they tit last succeeded iu heading off  the strays tind were just turning their  heads back in the direction taken by the  main column when their troubles commenced.  All were proceeding very leisurely back,  thoroughly tired out by the long chase,  when right in their very midst, its it  seemed, there sprang up an "old man"  kangaroo and three or four of his wives.  If butii moment before it had seemed that  there was no more energy left iu those  horses and cattle, it at once became ap-  larent that their looks were vastly dereit-  ul, for Lhe rate iit  which   they  took   to  heir heels and madly rushed away from  "-he neighborhood of the;feared kangaroo  was it sight never to be forgotten.  Unfortunately, the  kangaroo"took' tlie  route up the gully that the cattle should  have taken, and no  words,  nor the persuasive powers of whips and spurs, could  for a  moment halt the horses, much  less  ihe cattle,  until a long stretch had been  put between them and the place of their  fright.    By this time  it was getting  uncomfortably near dusk, and, as the cattle  would not be driven  back  over the way  they had just come, and  the  two  stampeded riders had but a dim  idea of the  general   lay of   the land,   it  became apparent that the thing to do was to gather  the cattle  together and  make  the  most  comfortable camp possible under  the circumstances.  rJach of the men had a canteen with  .something rather sustaining in it, but  they had no provisions and barely enough  matches to light a fire. However, with  plenty of tobacco and a lair supply of  grog, the average Australian cattle-  puncher feels quite able to spend a- night  alone in the bush.  There was. one factor in the problem,  ��� however, that they had'.nob'taken into  consideration; and that was Lhe nearby  presence of ,-i considerable pack of "dingoes" or native dogs. These seemed to  divine,''from the moment that dark set in,  that the drovers had no arms with them,  and that all they ha.d to do was to dodge  the fire-brands that were hurled at them.  So, one by one, the cattle were driven off  by the wild dogs toa point where they  could Siifely attack them and devour the  choicest parts.  One or two. or even a half dozen, dingoes  do nob seem so very formidable in the  daytime, and when there is a, good gun  n.nd plenty of ammunition on-hand. But  when is is a pitchy night, when there are  any-way from 100 to 200 of these ferocious  snapping'and snarling creatures, and the  only weapons are sticks and burning  .wood, and not Loo many of these, the situation takes on quite another complexion.  At;least so our wanderers found it, and  their appearance the next morning, after  a night of ceaseless battle, during which  seven of their cattle had been stampeded  and probably devoured, and they themselves had been too much harassed to even  think of their flasks, told the story much  better than 1 can on paper.  After this we had several kangaroo  hunts, and no end of sport iu the pursuit  of  strange  Australian   animals.    Of the  HOW   GLADSTONE   LOOKED.  other forms of bushwhacking, wild-horse  hunting is niost distinctively such. The  wild horses are usually poor-stock, undersized and often extremely vicious, and  'their presence on the range means-that  tame horses will either be tempted a,way  or maimed by chance kicks and ugly bites.  AArhile I was stopping tit Kangaroo Flat  a hunting party was organized to drive  away a herd of these wild horses, turning  such of them as came within gun shot into  food for the dingoes. Whether there was  one to shoot or not, noise wtis what wtis  wanted, and, as 1 had a pony that after  every discharge of my gun wheeled around  savagely tind plunged several times, I had  enough excitement for a lifetime in a very  -few hours.  Whether it was my own 'carelessness or  that of my broncho, 1 cannot say,, but  suddenly I found myself woefully mixed  up in the drive of wild horses, and swept  past the cover from which most of our  party were to shoot. Afterwards I learned  that my predicament was considered it  good joke, but as I rushed along that nar-  now valley, with every now and then a  pair of heels flashing up from the struggling mass and perilously near, or a head  with savagely snapping jaws thrust painfully near my legs, and in mortal fear of  ii bullet from the ambuscade. I had enough  excitement Lo pay for it Lrip from London  Lo Melbourne.  Yes, ,-is I said before, Australian bushwhacking bents the earth for excitement  on Lhe edge of civilization.  To Cross the Ocean in a Cockleshell.  A novel experiment in ocean navigation  i.s to be attempted by a Nottingham enthusiast, who hits been occupying himself  I'or it year past with the construction of a  boiit in which he proposes to cross the Atlantic during the forthcoming summer.  The vessel, which is built of iron, tind is  entirely of his own design and make, is  only 10 foot 0 inches long, with S feet  befi.ni find 2 I'ceLO inches depth, and is thus  the smallest era ft that has over attempted  such itn iidveiiLurous voyage. It is what  is known as ,-t ������ whaleback" deck, aud the  cabin, lighted by glass windows at the  side, will be completely watertight when  closed, fresh air being obtained by pipes.  Should the Liny craft be overturned, the  inventor claims Limb it will automatically  right itself. She will befitted with a ten-  foot mast from Lhe fore deck wiLh jib aud  mainsail, iind additional motive power  will be supplied by a. geared handscrew.  The navigator intends Lo start from Nottingham, sailing down the Trent Lo Hull,  and milking for Lhe Atlantic by way of  the Fnglish Channel. He expects that  the trip will occupy him something over  a month.  Thinks They Are Not Too High.  Mr. Van Iloruc. president of the Canadian Pacific railroad, was interviewed iit  Winnipeg last week. iu speaking of  freight rates he said: "We can't reduce  our rates, simply because somebody  thinks we ought to do so. We fix them  just its it merchant fixes hi.s selling prices,  but. htm sure, with much more considern-  Lion for Lhe situation tind needs of our  customers. If our directors thought, our  rates too high or in any way unfair the  rates would already have been changed.  The present rates, therefore, represent  the views of our directors on this subject--views in which f fully concur."  In regard to Lhe reduction lately made  in Lhe number of men employed'by I.lie  conipany, he was very coinmunirii I ive.  lie said LhaL the roducLion had no special  significance. "It. was simply a temporary measure forced upon the'conipaiiy hy  Lho depressed state of trade and the' unsatisfactory outcome of business during  the past season. If business picked up.  Ihe men would go back. Ordinary prudence required us to husband our resources; and   until  the prospect of doing  The   London   correspondents   all  have  -something to say of Gladstone's latest appearance.    Harold Frederic, in   his cable  fetter   to   the   New   York   Times,   says:  "Mr.   Gladstone's  brief visit  to make a  speech eulogizing the memory of hi.s late  physician has been  gingerly  treated  by  the press.    He spoke seated in  a chair, a  thing which   London never saw  him  do  before, tind though  his  voice  was  heard  all over the hall, the old light seemed gone  out of the face,    lb was pallid and almost  expressionless.    He was approached with  a suggestion that he lind time to include a  short visit to the house of commons,  but  declined almost testily.    Reports are current of his having declared that he would  never open his mouth on a political subject again."  George AV. Smalley cabled from  London tothe New York Tribune: "Mr.  Gladstone, not as ho said, without some  slight effort, really with a very considerable effort, went to the meeting in Princess  hall on Thursday in aid of the 'memorial  bo sir Andrew Clark. He spoke sitting,  with ti pathos due partly to his own illness, mainly to the nature of the tribute  he 'offered to his late friend and physician.  .The.relation.of the two. men wtis one of  affection. Mr. Gladstone spoke in terms  of deep feeling of sir Andrew's services to  himself, iind of feelings not less deep for  his services to his own profession aud to  the public. His reception by the audience  was remtirkiible. It wtis tin audience of  the classes, with the duke of Cambridge  presiding, yet they greeted him with enthusiasm."  The New York Sun's London correspondent says: "Those who feared his retirement from public life' would .bring.-upon.  Mr. Gladstone just those evils which he  designed to avoid, are beginning to find  their judgment justified. The Grant! Old  Mitn has aged many years in tho "past  three-months. The picture he made iit  the sir Andrew Clark memorial meeting  on Thursday was a pitiful one. He was a  feeble, bent, octogenarian, who'-loaned  upon a stout stick even when addressing  the audience from his chair. His words  were brave, polished, well-chosen and appropriate: Not a shadow hits yet crossed  bis shining intellect, but both flesh iind  ���spirit are breaking. He is not ill. No  specific malady is undermining his marvellous vitality, but a great change, which  his grieving friends cannot fail to.recognize, is making rapid progress. He has  lost-interest in-life. That is ominous. For  sixty years he found rest in other, forms  of activity and peace in new struggles.  Work has been his only recreation. Fresh  responsibilities'never failed to renew his  vigor. His friends are beginning to understand now wlutt sir Andrew Chirk saw-  clearly, that for such a man to fold his  arms meant despair -and death. .Every  effort will be made now to provide the  warrior statesman with tasks and ambitions sufficiently important to keep alive  that energy which craves tind feeds upon  what in most men would destroy it. If  this enthusiasm can be revived he may remain many days a figure of which the  nation-will be most proud. If not, then  nothing can long delay the end. The most  remarkable effect of .Mr. Gladstone's retirement has been clearly emphasized in  connection with has first public appearance on Thursday. His enemies hsive already become his friends. He has -completely ceased to be a partisan figure in  Knglish politics."  The London Daily News says: "In a  few short weeks he has outlived hatred,  malice and tinchiiribablciiess. His fame  stands as high today as if it had been  purified by half a century in the tomb.  Most groat men have to wait for such a  vindication for the passing away of an  entire genera tion. Their appeal is to posterity. In Mr. Gladstone's ca.se the scales  have fallen from the eyes of his opponent's."  better business was  plainly before us, it  was found advisable to use  the strictest,  economy.   Aba great;sacrifice we kepball  bhe men '.employed by its at work during  tho winter, in spite of ii great  falling off  iu   the  eiirniiigs of the  road.   This  w.-ts  done simply because we felt that to make  a 'change in the autumn,  and let out of  employment   men   who   could   probably  find nothing else to do   for  some   months  would be a very groat hardship, but  the  reduction was contemplated early in tlie  winter,and is  not a sudden  move.    We  trusted   that   towards   spring    business  might improve, but things were as bad tis  ever iind we were forced  Lo  carry  out a  reduction in the stall", which we regret as  much as bhe men themselves."  Situate on Vernon  Street, Near Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  The Ontario Elections.  The Ontario general election has been  announced to take place on  the IObh and  2(5th of June.   The general belief  iu  Ontario appears to be that Mr.Mowttt's government  will be sustained.    At one time  during bhe winter this seemed to be very  doubtful, but its men  have  reasoned on  Lhe matter the conviction has come that  Ontario's government  under Mr.  Mowafc  hits  not only  been a good one, but that  Ontario from Confederation to the present  time, hits been better governed than any  other part of Canada.    The disturbing elements in thoealculations of the politicians  have been the activity of Lhe I\ P. A. and  lhe Patrons  of Industry.    Against. Lhe P.  P.   A.   Mr.   Mowiit and   his   friends  have  taken a decided  stand.   They  hold   that  its principles are opposed to LhaL generous  toleration of all creeds,-which is a distinctive plank in the Liberal   platform: that  there is no such danger existing as would  warrant the formation of such a society,  and they point to the Fact that, clergymen  of all bhe Protestant denominations have  shrunk   from  association   with   it.     In a  province  where, as  in   Ontario, the  Protestants overwhelmingly outnumber- the  Catholics,  the 'necessity  for  the  former  banding themselves together against the  latter is not apparent.'   Some of the neutral  journals of Ontario  regard  this society as one having more thought of beating Mr. Mowat tha-n of discomfiting Catholics.    The   Patrons of  Industry,  though  an  independent  body, tire more likely to  aid the government than the "opposition.  Their objects, that of abolishing the disabilities   under   which    the   agricultural  classes labor, and in accord with those of  the Liberal party, iind as the date of the  elections approaches" Lhe respective tendencies of these two associations are likely  to   become   stronger   and more   openly  avowed.    In the meantime-each of them  has placed candidates in the field in many  of Lite constituencies so that the absolute  ranging   upon .respective' sides   will   not  take place'until after the elections have  taken place.   As matters at present stand,  the Liberals have eighty candidates in Lhe  field, Lhe Conservatives about eighty-live,  Lhe P.  P. A. about-ten and the Patrons  over sixty.    In   some constituencies   the  Liberals are supporting the Patrons' candidates, .and  in  others the opposition is  supporting  P.   P.  A.   nominees,   but  the  numbers its given above may be changed  before the day of monination.  Its Guests can,Obtain  Splendid Views  oi'Both the  Mountains and River.  A City Without Women.  A traveler writing to the Chicago Tribune says: W'e know that Venice is a city  wiLhotiL streets, without horses, except  four or five bronze ones; without carriages; without trees, except in one garden, and without wooden houses. But  there is a city still more peculiar than  Venice. It is in Mongolia, close to Liu;  borders of Hussmn Siberia, and is named  .MaiwaLchin, aud it is the only city in the  world peopled by men only. TheOhineM.-  women are forbidden Lo pass the great  Willi of Kalkan iind enter into Mongolia.  All the Chinese of this border city arc exclusively traders, iind they accumulate  money Lill Lhcir trading with' Kuropi-  through Siberia has created a sul'licicnt.  fortune lo enable them to return to llieir  native cities and live there in ease with  their families. Their dwellings indicate  (heir prosperity. They are separated  from the street by a clay wall, rather  ugly, it- is true. but. surroiindiiiggeiicr.-illy  a very elegant-looking house, before  which are gamboling those sleek-looking  plump cues, with unusually big eyes, such  as are pretty faithfully represented on  Chinese vases and screens. The main  I tart; of the- houses of .Mai wat. chin is divided  into two canipiirt iiu-nLs, and that which is  behind is raised. Fires arc kept up under  this great platform, which is covered with  mats LhaL serve as seats bv day and beds  hy night. Opposite lhe door ,-i niche is  generally seen where lhe domestic idols,  unaccustomed lo al.t udini/.e lo profane  eves, repose behind an ornamented blind.  'I he Willis of the  reception   room  arc lac-  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  THE ROOMS  A III-" CONVENIENT AND  COJII-OltTAHLE.  THE TABLE  IS  THE   HEST   IN   TIIK  "MOUNTAINS.  (picred ill red or blacl  covered with figured s  the wealth and taste o  apartment overlooking  (���rally of light, wood,  carved, and over  I hese  :. ami sometimes  ilk. according to  I' the owner.    The  t he court, is gen-  pei-l'oi-iited    and  opening's  colored  paper is st retched, producing something  of the graceful effect of stained glass. The  idol temples are gorgeous buildings.  Special Attention to Miners.  THE BAfTIS FIRST-CLASS.  ~HE~MADDEN  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and "Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE  THE  MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished  Throughout.  TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE BAR  I.S SL'I'I'I.IEI) WITH  THE HE.ST BRANDS OK A EL  KINDS OK WINES. LIQUORS, AND CIGARS.  Special Attention to Miners.  HOTEL  Extensive improvements now completed miikes  I lie above hotel one of the best in the" city both  for transient guests ami d.-iy boarders.  FINEST  WINES,   LIQUORS, AND   CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  IN  JOHN JOHNSON,  Proprietor.  otel Slocan  KASLO.  The (liniii^'-nn.ni of lliis.  in   ICji-lo. i- now  under  undorsiKneil. who will el  lir-l ol" any in   Eoolcjiny.  i|iiiii-|its of milling men.  Kii-ln. .March Kill. I.S!i|.  tin: only llrst-class hotel  lhe  inaua^'eineiit  of the  iiili'iiviii-   lo make it   the  Tin; hotel  i- lhe head-  JOHN F. GILL.  BAR.  Conn-!- Simile-, and Silica -.reel-.. N'el-on. W'e are now  I'll lllll ll^ I lie simile J hoi j .-.e I >;i I'. Jl III I Will lie (.''".I III have  our friend-, anil aei|iia.iiilaiice.s jrivi- 11-. a eull.  HAW'.-'ON ,-c CI.'AIMHH'K.  The Tremont.  -**��� East Baker St., Nelson.  I.-, one. of lhe best hotel-, iii Toad  Mountain ilistricl, and  is the he;idi|uai'lei'S for prospectors and  working   miners.  MALONE    &    TREGILLUS.    Props.  DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP.  The pai'lni-r.-hi|i heretofore evi-lini; l.etueen W. II.  (i nihilm and .1, A. Ta\ lor. dniiii; lni-iiics- under I he llrm  name of (.ra.iam \- Taylor, i.- from and after llii-, dale  di--olved liy mutual eon-enl. W. II. (Iralinui a-suini-s  all liahilil ie-. and i- alone authorized to collect aeeoiuils  due the lale llrm. W.   II. OI.AIIA.M,  Willie-.-:    \V. II. l.l-:i..\niNl. .1.  A. TA Y I.OIf.  Haled a I Ni-1-.nn, Hriti-h ('olumliia, .May 7th. WM.  FOR   SALE    OR   LEASE.  Fill! SAI.EOli LEASE Hood hotel, in one of the hest,  pari- of Nelson. Size, '.'u hy 70 feel : two -lories; -.'1  bed-rooms. I'mni-beil Ihripiiirhoul. Heady for imini-di-  ii(e occupation, A lir-l-ela-- chance for lhe riglil person.  \ pplv lo I) n in-ii ii Mel inn a Id, Kn-Io, II. ('.; or lo (..'. I lumber, W'e-I  linker-I reel, Xel-on, II. I'.  ifpsi  mm,  mm  Safe*  fij-.T-wi-'eij.  tesm  ^s^^^g^^  l"V."     �� THE  TMBOTE:   NELSOB, B. C, SATURDAY,  MAY 2C,  1894.  ��%  .j-. '.��� i._  .-- i ':*'  * ������-.���.  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  George Johnstone returned on Tuesday  from Etnurson, Manitoba, where he spent the winter, lie  brought his family along, and hereafter will make Xelson  his home. There is ;i likelihood of Kootenay being made  a separate customs district,- and, if. so, _Mr. Johnstone  ���will be the collector.  On Wednesday, a party of   four Sew  Dullvcritcs who had been in attendance at court left I'or  homo by way of the Slocan river trail. .They expected to  liiak'J the fobt of Sloean lake in a day and a half.  "Tom" Midvey and his partner have.in  two acres of potatoes ou their ranch at the foot of .Slocan  lake. ';'������"  .Before-withdrawing from tlie contest in  the north riding' .1. W, llaskiiis made a speech, in which  lie stated that no man had done more for the riding, bin,  thai, like Christ, he was persecuted.  Paymaster Wilgress of  the   Canadian  I'acitic, railway and'inspector Clreata of the Hank of  .Montreal were in Nelson during the week. The former  paid the railway hovs for last month, and the latter  cheeked up the bank boys for the last year.  II. M. Davenport,--cashier .of  the   First  National Hank of* Wallace, Idaho, is at Kaslo ou a short  visit with his relations. Mi-. Davenport reports business  fairly good in the Gem-d'Aluno country.  Owing  toa  washout-on the Nelson 6c  Fort Sheppard, several of tho passengers fooled it iu from  a point six miles beyond Salmon siding on Wednesday.  arriving at. Nelson'at 11 o'clock at night. The train got  through next day at I o'clock in the afternoon.  H.   E. Lemon and   family have  moved  into the Ward cottage, corner Victoria and Josephine  streets. ��� -.   -.-.,'���-.  The Odd Fellows' excursion to Kaslo on  the iIth was a sueees.s financially, the society coming out  ST.Sfi ahead. -The ticket sales amounted to S-10, and the  expenses to ��202.15.':  The finest fuchia ever grown in British  Columbia is in the show window of Teetzel & C'o.'s drug  store at Nelson.    II. stands over six feet in height.  The engine that pulled  the  train  that  carried the wedding party to Sloean crossing on Wednesday was gaily decorated with flags and evergreens.   The  ,  "boys" gave" 1\1 ike" a good send-otr.  .John-Lodge, who spent the winter trapping on Arrow lakes, is in Nelson making preparations  for a season's prospecting. He reports trapping better  than doing nothing-  ���'Charley" Olson of Ainsworth'was the.  best dressed man at Kaslo an the 21 th.  Julius   Ehrlich  will  open   a wholesale  commission house at Nelson this week. He intends  handling everything in the way of farm produce in carload lots, and hereafter dealers need not send orders to  Spokane for cither hay, grain, poultry, fruit, eggs, butter, or vegetables.  "Billy" Perdue has put a glass front in  his meat market,.-repainted the inside, and hung up a  sign with letters ni gold.  A. J. Marks is an enthusiastic  lover of  all out-door sports,'and believes in showing his.appreciation of good work. On the steamer Nelson leaving Kaslo  he hoisted a broom on the jackstall' of the boat, hut the  base ball boys wondered why he only hoisted it half-mast.  Born, at Ainsworth, on the morning of  the 2(itb instant, to the wife of II, Gicgerich, a daughter.  The Timhunedoes not come out on time  this week, because of reasons over which., it had no control. "Mike" iMctlrath had to get married and the  queen's birthday had to come in tho middle of the week.  Gold commissioner Goepel has instructed  A. E. Hdogins to proceed to New Denver and takeeharge  of the bridge work, on the road between Now Denver and  Three .Forks.  The town of Bonner's Ferry is completely overflowed and the track of the Great Northern  is six feet under water. The only ranch house in Kootenay valley entirely above water is that of Hall brothers.  Wedded.  On Wednesday afternoon, at the residence of P. J. Gallagher atSlocaii crossing-,  Michael J. McGrath and Miss-'Elizabeth  Jl. Carragher were made husband tind wife  by iiev. Father Turner. The ceremony  was witnessed by a number of friends  from Nelson, among whom were Mr. and  Mrs. Thomas Madden, Mrs. W. Hodson,  Miss Scanhtn, Miss O'Jlourke, Miss Donovan. Dr. Arthur, and Messrs. Dover, Malone. Kilby, Walcroft, Weir, and Houston.  Dinner'was served immediately after the  ceremony. The presents were: China  dinner set, with knives and forks, Messrs.  Telford, Washington, Lemon, Williamson, Graham, and Jeffry; silver pickle  dish, ,Mr. tind Mrs. Madden; silver cruet  stand,. Mr. and Mrs. Gallagher; sil vet-  butter dish. The Tkihune: glass set antl  tray, Fred Irvine; pair water colors, Nee-  lands Brothers; white damask table cloth  and napkins, Mrs.. Hodson ; hand-painted  cushion, ALiss 0'Rourke; chair rest, Miss  Donovan and Mrs. Chapman; paper rack,  Miss Scanian; sideboard scarf, Mrs. Dow.  Mr. and Mrs. McGrath will make their  home at Nelson, where both are well-  known, Mr. McGrath being bridge fore-  mtui on the Columbia & Kootenay railway.  High Water. ���-  From all sections of southern Ivootenay  come reports of high water interfering  with mining .operations. On .Forty-nine  creek, the Nelson Hydraulic Company is  unable to begin sluicing. On Eagle creek,  the Poorman mill litis had to shutdown.  On Toad mountain, five feet of snow disappeared in three clays, tind wtiter incer-  fers with work in all the shafts. On  Salmon river, the Ivleinschmidt company  has to suspend operations. On Sheep  creek, a tributary of Salmon river, Hill  6c Co. had theirsluice-boxes washed away.  At the Dardanelles mine, iu the Sloetin,  the pumps had to be pulled out. Carpenter creek was never so high, to the knowledge of "old-timers." Cottonwooii-Sniith  creek is a river. The outlet is a lake.  And with it till is the finest weather ever  had in tiny country on earth.  Should be Compelled to Make Connections.  There is no reason why till drains running into Ward creek should not be connected with the sewer in that creek. The  water in the creek is now running through  the sewer, but the sewage from the  drains continues to run into the creek  bed, where it remains, causing tt stench  that, tit times, is very unpleasant. The  cost of connecting the drains with the  sewer would be slight to the parties who  put in the drains, and if they will not do  the work of their own accord, then they  should be compelled to do it by the citizens petitioning for the appointment of a  resident health officer.  understand that they can- adhere' to their  respective religions and profess them  withoutdespisingtho.se who differ from  them. We abhor the narrow-mindedness  of those who think that to profess one religion moans to despise all those who do  not profess it.- This new spirit is abroad  in the land, tind I am sure 'thatyou Will  agree with, me when L attribute this -happy,  condition entirely to the enlightened  policy tind broad-minded churchmanship  of the distinguished prelate who presides  over this ancient See, and who-, influences,  the church throughout the country."  HAND, DRILLS   VS.   AIR   DRILLS.        '  ���Vir-Drill.  $15 .">-'  II :ts  ' d'st'i  ���I 15  15 III  15 IU  15 (ii)  17 ill  sink-  liffer-  cent,  drill.  A Better Spirit Prevailing.  Jtcv. Dr. Stafford, a well-known Catholic priest and theologian, who stands close  to cardinal Gibbous, made some remarks  about the policy of the Catholic church in  a lecture before the I'lio-iiix club, the  leading .Jewish social organization of f'ttl-  timore, Maryland, which are causing surprise and comment in religious circles:  '"It is not often." he said, "that a Catholic  priest is invited by a non-Catholic or non-  Christian organization to lecture. In the  past it was unknown. Jn our day it is  rare; but, thank God, it better spirit is beginning to prevail.    Men are beginning to  The  Relative  Costs  of Mining-  Narrow. Veins  Common in Gold Belts.  ���;: Having recently had occasion to make  up some'data involving the cost of development work upon the narrow lodes common to gold fields, John E. Hardman of  Nova Scotia was led to investigate costs  of mining when done by .air drills as compared with the same done by hand drilling. Mr. Hardman has incorporated the  results of his investigation in the following:  By way of premise I may say that the  figures given tind conclusions reached tire  'based upon the cost books of the last four  years' work in Oldham district, Nova  Scotia, where, during that period, 1 have  had exceptional opportunities for comparing the two methods of work upon identical ground, and often side by side at the  same time. Tlie cost books referred to  take account of till items, excepting- only  amortization of plant, and the costs mentioned are therefore actual ones and are  reliable.  The figures given are the averages of  large totals, those for stoping represent  over "3000 tons, those for driving tire averaged from nearly -1000 feet of levels, etc.;  those for sinking represent a total of 1100  feet.  .For convenience J have tabulated the  results as follows.  Hy irand-Drill,    lly  Shal'ts, per Coot sunk ��11 '.li  Winzes, '      II ;1.j  liaises,   "     " raised     7 il!)  Drifts or levels per foot driven    li til!  Cross-outs, per foot driven    SSI  Stopes overliand, perfath. stoped..  II  I'l  .Slopes        " ���'   ion sloped...   5 .51  Stopes underhand, per fath. stoped 30 T.I  ��� "���-    .-������������ ton       "        Id Hi  Taking first the figures  for shaft  ing, it is seen that there is a slight t  ence of $1.20 per foot, or nearly S pei  apparently in favor, of the hand  This difference, however, is only apparent  and not real. There are several factors of  this'question not shown by ,the figures,  the lode, in addition to being small, is  flatly inclined (at an .-ingle of about -13 degrees), the result is a practical impossibility of getting a hole to look in towards  the: hanging-wall seam, making the use of  a larger quantity of dynamite imperative,  tind necessitating much quarrying and  often a hand hole to square down the corners. These items add much to the cost  of sinking in such a. vein.with an air drill.  Jn the case of a vertical shaft sunk during  1892-3, the figures stand at $23. "58 when  sunk by hand against $l"5.o2 when sunk  by air, a difference of 33 per cent iu favor  of the air drill as to actual cost per foot  sunk, but a much greater difference is  shown when the element of time is considered, the average distance sunk per  diem of 21 hours by hand being 5 inches;  by air, 12 inches.  The figures of .winze sinking, like those  for shafts, are nearly identical, $11.53 for  hand against $1.1.38 for air. The figures  for the levels or drifts are identical. On  lia.rro.w veins, in levels driven by hand,  every advantage can be taken by right or  left hand strikers, to point the holes as  shall be"most advantageous, either to foot  or hanging wall seam; but the air drill,  on account of its length (which in the  Rand and Ingersoll types run from 4 feet  5 inches to 5 feet 2 inches) cannot be so  pointed-in narrow veins as to take equal  advantage with the hand drill. Hence  oneof two things will result; either one  of the walls must be broken, to carry a  wide drift, necessitating thereafter trimming and timbering, or the holes lie practically parallel with the enclosing walls,  and hence require double or treble the explosive, and final costs about balance.  This explanation derives still further  endorsement from a study of the figures  relating to the cost of cross-cutting.  Here we see the wide difference of $1.-1:5  per foot for air and $8.8-1 per foot for  hand, the latter being practically double  the former.  The figures for stopes tire not by any  means so flattering to the air drill." The  explanation I'or this in the case of the  overhand stopes is doubtless to be ascribed  iu part, as before, to the length of the  machine, but also in part to its weight,  and to the inevitable delay and loss of  time iu removing the heavy drill and  stoping bitr to a place of safely when  firing, and the bringing back and setting  up of the drill afterwards. From the  nature of the case in a narrow lode but  few holes can be drilled from one setting  up of machine, tind lightness becomes an  all-powerful consideration. The difference  letween having to carry a I "30-pound dril  to sink; 100 feet by air before hand drilling  could reach 50 feet. In driving and cross-  cutting the rate is from two to three  times the speed obtainable by hand work,  a monthly run of iu feet in cross-cutting  being compared with 20 feet by hand iu  the same cross-cut. in another case one  shift with an air-drill drove '"LA as many  feet as a double shift by hand could do in  the same ground, showing nearly three  times the speed.."...-'    .  in mining (if in.any, business whatever)  is time the essence of the,business, for we  must not forget that on general principles,-'  other things being equal,- the quicker a  deposit-of known value and .magnitude is  worked out the better and bigger is the  ultimate prolit.  In all that I have said f desire to be distinctly understood as dealing only with  the narrow inclined belts so .common in  the province.- As to the general economy  and utility of the air drill, there has tind  can be no two opinions. There hits, however, been room' for tt considerable divergence of views when attempting to apply  such machinery to local conditions in the  gold fields. But in view of our experience  (luring the hist four or five years, I feel  little or no hesitation iu advising the use  of an air drill plant whenever the extent  and richness of the deposit warrant the  expenditure.  The undersigned, owners of the  townsite of Four Mile City, now called  Silverton, have made arrangements  for the completion of the survey of  the townsite, in order that a map of  the same can be filed for registration  in the land registry office at Victoria,  the survey is completed,  be given to all lot pur-  their making final pav-  J. FRED HUME,  WILLIAM  HUNTER.  As soon as  deeds  will  chasers  ments.  on  Nelson,  B.C.,  May 23rd, 1894.  (Notary   Public)  Victoria Street, Nelson, B. C.  lining and Real Estate Broker  Commission and Insurance  Agent  kKl'I.KSKNTINO:  The G'oiifedor.'ilion Hifc .Association. The Pliceiii.x Kiro  Iiisui'iuico Company. .Tlio Dominion -Building & Loan  Association ot' Toronto, Kto.  MINES INSPECTED   AND  REPORTED  UPON.  Sovoral good lots in governmenttownsites of Now Denver and Nelson to be sold cheap. <'  Stores and ollices to rent at Nelson.  Teniint wanted for ranch on Columbia river near Hob-  son, or will soli.   Good opportunity.  LOTS  A  IN    ADDITION  to sell on easy terms.  Nelson, B.C  Apply at once to  W. A. JOWETT, Victoria St,  T  AND  and a 2:*i0-pound drill up a narrow, flatly  inclined belt over a bask-stope, becomes  painfully apparent when you try it yourself. The drill made by the Hand people,  weighing 117 pounds, and having a length  of but S feet 10 inches, particularly recommends itself to this work. The .same  criticism will apply to the figures of cost  I'or underhand stoping.  One feature, I n.ay be pardoned for  alluding to here, i.s the great difference  shown in favor of the overhand slope  over tho underhand. A cost of si?;*"..'!! per  ton as against $10.20 should lie sufficient  to convince the most obstinate of those  '���old-timers" of whom, I regret to say,  there arc still many in the gold mining  business here.  It would therefore seem, from the foregoing figures, as if there were scant  grounds for advising the use of a compressed air plant for narrow vein mining,  and were we to stop tit the figures given  there would be little or nothing to he said  I'or air drills. Hut what the table does  not show is the great advantage in the  time that is to be gained by the air drill.  In shaft .and winze sinking'the rate by tu'r  has been (with us) doubled, enabling one  Cor. Baker and  Josephine  Streets,  Nelson, B. C.  A large and complete stock of the leading lines of  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  Central Office  of tlie  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  A large and complete stock of  "WALL PAPER  NELSON FANCY STORE.  All kinds of Fancy Goods,  Notions, Ladies' Underclothing, Children's Clothing, etc.  Colville, Washington, and Nelson, B. C.  Wholesale dealers in Hay, Grain, Poultry, Butter, Eggs, and all kinds  of Farm Produce.    Special rates to parties buying in Carload Lots.  Address all orders to1 Nelson, B.C.  Price lists will be furnished on application.       .      -.-���     .       .      .  J.  f :x  Nelson ofliee and warehouse, Baker  street, between Bigelow & Co's and  Nelson hotel   e  We are making ready for a dissolution of partnership, in the early spring,  and from today (Thursday, December 21st) will offer our entire stock of Dry  Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Crockery, and Glassware at cost.  Groceries Hardware Dry Goods, Clothings Boots and Shoes,  Stoves and Tinware, Paints and Oils, Sash and Doors and  a Complete Line of Builders' Material and Miners' Supplies.  owing Machines, Newspapers, Books, Stationery  Legal..- Forms, Office Sundries, Toys, Fancy Goods.  School Supplies  a Specialty.  REVELSTOKE  GROCERIES,  HARDWARE,  ^.jsttd    IISr-AJBITXSIP  Snag-proof Gum Boots; Lumbermen's Rubbers and Overshoes;  Hand-made Calfskin Boots; Grain and Kip Bluchers; Canvas and  Tan Ox-goods; Congress Imitation Lace and Lace Boots in Kangaroo and Cordovan.   A long line in the latest styles.  The RAILWAY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  Baker St., next door Nelson Shoe Store.  Don't buy inferior whisky when you ean have  the best at the same priee. We have now  in stock WALKER'S CELEBRATED BRANDS  ORDINARY  IMPERIAL  CLUB  HUDS0NS' BAY CO.,  Baker Street, Nelson.  AfilONT.S KOR: .Jos. Htflilil.ii, Milwaukee.'. U.S.A.; Kort  (luny Kloiu- Mille, Winnipeg: Iliruni Wallcur & .Soiih,  Wnlkurvillc.  CHOICE BUILDING and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  ZREB-A-TIE   _A.LLO"W":E:D   FOE   GOOD   DBXJILIDIlSra-S.  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  FOE,   PBICES,   MAPS,   ETC.,   TO  FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C. and K. R. and N. Co., Nelson, B. C.  SEE THAT YOU  GET THEM.'  IT WILL  PAY YOU  IN THE END.  Hotelkeepers and housekeepers needing anything in the line of tableware  should call on or send to JACOB DOVEB, JEWELER, Nelson, for prices.  He sells Rogers Brothers' knives, forks, and spoons at $8 per dozen;  castors, $4.50 each; butter dishes, from $1.50 to $3.50; pickle dishes,  from $2 to $5.   Full lines of above-mentioned goods always kept in stock.  Houston Block, Corner of Baker and  Josephine Streets.  '���^.���-i:;1:.^^^ MW  /���,...��-������������ ,v'-v^r.^i+v -ft-.-:-*-*..*-:...,*-.-!*;*", ^���-v^'V**'./ .-"V *?&<w*#\\<K:yti-'\.,twm:':-fc--.7-T^W. --.���.^v^'-r.v^ts-1"- ������.^������r^���.f���.^������?���^������^-^���^^t '.*it^*FTX:.^&V'*'*.ii:SA'

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