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BC Historical Newspapers

The Tribune 1897-05-08

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 Has Mines that arc Paying Dividends and Hundreds of Properties that can be Made  Dividend Paying Mines.  tP  V r*"  Has  Three  Smelters   in   Successful   Operation!',  and Enough  Ore  in Sight  to   Run   '  Several  More.  FIFTH  YEAR-NO. 9A.  NELSON   BRITISH  COLUMBIA, SATURDAY,  MAY  s, 18  TWO  DOLLARS A YEAR.  A   VERY   SENSIBLE   DECREE.  The Full Court Places a Rational Construction  Upon the Mineral Act.  The .judgment of  the full court in the  Paris Jlellts appeal case was announced in  Victoria on Monday, and all four of  the  judges agree in  upsetting the judgment  of chief justice Davie.   Justice McCreight  rendered  a very  lengthy judgment, the  full   text   of   -which   has   just   come   to  liand.   Justices Drake and McColI delivered-written judgments concurring, and  justice Walkem delivered a verbal judg-  ��� ment.  The case wa.s an-appeal taken ,by the  owners of the Paris Belle'claim against a  judgment rendered by chief justice Davie  declaring thePlaintili's, the Nelson 6c Port  Sheppard 1'iilway, "were entitled to exclusive possession of the land on which  the Paris Belle and Zenith claims are located, and that the location of the Paris  Belle was illegal.  The plaintill's in 1<S!)2 obtained a land  subsidy from the legislature I'or the construction of a railway, section ���"> of the net  compensating the company for any lauds,  located as mineral lauds, iu blocks belonging to ihe railway, and allowing free miners to locate claims on such lands. Ou  March S, IS!).*", the crown granted the railway certain lands in which defendants  (.Jerry fit al.) claimed the Paris Belle loca  least sixty days" prior to tho application  for the cerlilicate.  In summing up justice McCreight says:  " 1   cannot ayreo  that the  location  was  void on the alleged  ground that *' rock in  place" had not  been  discovered. ' J think  that tho plaintiffs are now debarred from  impeaching the validity of the certificate  ol improvements obtained   by the defeiiT  dants.    I  cannot agree with the declaration that the  location  aud   record of the  Paris Belle mineral   claim  Jerrywas illegal nnd void.    But I think that the plain-  tills are entitled to an injunction, etc., to  restrain the defendants from claiming the  right to sell, etc.. the surface, etc., and to  deal with  the same as if owners in fee.  Appellants partly succeed and partly fail  anel their conduct, in  setting up wrongful  claim disentitles them  to costs.   The defendants appeal against the whole decree  of tho chief justice, including the injunctions which the plaintiffs  were obliged  to apply for and which, properly limited  to intended  sales, etc., of land, should be  continued."  JUSTICE   McCOLL'S   JUDGMENT.  tion. This grant excepted all lands taken  up prior to March 2'', I8U3, and allowed  entry by miners subject to. compensation  to the railway for possible damages.  On .lune Hi, IS02. the Zenith claim was  located by Noel. Uf this Zenith claim the  greater portion is covered by the Paris  Belle, located December 21. IS!)!, and recorded January y, IS!)."). Plaintill's claimed  that the Paris Belle was illegally located,  that there wtis no vein between walls,  and chief justice Davie upheld this.  Justice McCreight in his .judgment does  not agree with chief justice Davie that  the Zenith was abandoned in 1S!)2. He  says further, it seems plain that all claims  held prior to March 'IS, IS!).'!, would not revert to the railway. The effect of this  would be that the Zenith ground wotdd  lapse to the crown and most of it would  go with the Paris Belle location.  Justice McCreight differs as widely as  possible  from  the  opinion  advanced   by  chief jiihtice   Davie that a valid location  required   to  have  mineral   bet'ween   two  well defined wall-;,    lie goes exhaustingly  inttj  the question, saying tiiat  the arguments of plaintiffs that no vein  or  lode  was discovered, inu.-t be answered hy ascertaining what, is rock in place, as stated  ��� in the mineral act.    He held 'that it meant  all rock in'place, bearing valuable deposits  of mineral within the meaning of the act.  The  legislature-in; this-act stated:    '-"All  tninera' dainis shall  be marked by  two  legal,posts placed as near as possible on  the   line   of the    ledge or  vein.''   These  words .'"ledge"''or "vein" tire disjunctive,  showing that the legislature did not consider a  vein  necessarj'."   Again, the act  provides that the discovery post shall be  placed   where   there is "rock 'in'''place."  This meant sufficient valuable deposits of  .mineral capable of being mined, the word  '���valuable" being  defined as "capable of  being valued," the locator not having to  swear to the value of the mineral' found,  but merely that he has found it.'   It was  not necessary,as chief justice Davie had  held, to lind "substances between defined  walls"  before    recording,  because   often  large expenditure was  necessary to find  the walls, and often without success even  as  to  the  walls.     It  was  not suggested  that the Paris Belle had  no ore, but only  that a  vein, or something between  the  walls was not shown.  The land office had  adopted a rule that when land is worth  for more for agricultural  purposes  than  for mining, it is not mineral land, though  it may contain some gold or silver.    This  justice McCreight held   was  the practical  rule, that should  be applied  to  the subject.    It  had   not   been   shown  that the  lands adjacent'to  the   Parts Belle  were  better   suited  to   agriculture  than   mineral land.  Justice McCreight also disagreed with  the judgment of chief justice   Davie that  the record and location of the Paris Belle  claim were invalid.    The Paris Belle locators had obtained   their certificate of improvements on  November Sth, IS!);").   The  Nelson & Fort Sheppard' issued  its  writ  previously, on the  second of July in the  same year, and, although  by  the act of  1801, section *"7, a  certificate of improvements was  not  to   be granted   when the  title was in  litigation- that section   wtis  repealed   by  the amending act   of   ISSJ2,  which further provided that the validity  of such  certificate,   when  issued  should  not be  impeached  on any ground except  that of fraud.    It  was contended for the  railway   company   that    this    provision  could   not have  beeu  intended  to apply  except as  between   persons interested in  claims, and that here the railway company were  not even  laying claim to the  minerals, but it soeuis.to him that the railway conipany and the defendants having  been in litigation in  this  action from the  2nd of July. IS!)."*, with  reference  to  this  very claim the. plaintiffs  were  bound to  notice and  oppose, if they thought it of  any  importance,  any step  taken by the  defendant company  for  the purpose of  obtaining a certificate under the acts, and  not entitled to ignore it  now, when they  might at any time  after   the  issue of the  writ  have applied   for an  injunction  to  prevent   the  defendants  from   obtaining  such certificate, in which case the matter  might  have  been  at   once   decided   tind  great expense a voided.    Considering that  the   plaintiffs and    defendants   were   at  arms' lengths, at; all   events from the 2nd  of July, 18!)."*, they must have noticed the  advertisement of the defendants for "tit  Justice AlcColl, in his judgment, confines himself to but one point, the inability of any person to attack a certificate  of improvement except upon the grounds  of fraud. His opinion upon this subject  will be interesting to all owners of mineral claims,   lie says:  The plaintiff-** were met by the defendants at the threshold of this controversy  with sub-section  I of section PI, chap. iiit  Victoria, whicli   provides (I)  no adverse  claim shall be accepted by the mining recorder after the expiration of the period  of publication iu the next preceding section  mentioned, and  in  default of such  filing no objection to the issue of a certili-'  caie of improvements shall be permitted  to  be heard iu any court, nor shall the  validity of such certificate  when  issued  be impeached on any ground except that  of fraud.    Ic is admitted that the defendant company obtained such certificate of  improvements as is here provided for,and  the plaintill's have not attempted  to impeach it. AVhat then is the ell'ect between  the partus:*  Fur the plaintill's it wa.s strenuously  contended as regards the question that  the mineral act, IS!)I, and amending acts,  which for convenience I shall refer to as  acts, only contemplated possible disputes  between two or more adverse claimants  to.ii mincial claim; chat it-conk! never  have been the intention of the legislature  to make the title to land depend upon the  compliance with the provisions of acts  passed solely i'or the purpose of providing  for the acquisition of mineral claims, and  that it is impossible to conceive that the  legislaturemeant to place" upon a land  owner the intolerable burden of constant  watchfulness lest he should be deprived  of some portion of his property. It was  also urged that the adverse proceedings  provided for by the acts' are inapplicable  to a land owner and that, therefore, his  rights cannot be dependent upon his taking such proceedings, nor can a certiticate  of improvements be binding upon him.  I agree that proceedings referred to tire  required only of a claimant to a mineral,  claim, claiming adversely, but 1 do not accede  to  the  proposition   that  therefore,  notwithstanding the issue of the certificate of-improvements, the question  between the parties is to  be determined as  if no such certificate had  been granted.  There can be no pretense that the position  of the plaintiff company is in the circumstances of this case better than that of a  grantee of lands from  the crown, whose  grant iu the ordinary form  excepts the  precious metals.   A sufficient reason why  the adverse proceedings -required  by the  acts, do not apply to such a grantee is that  he  does   not   need   of   them   protection  against persons claiming to be entitled to  enter and remain upon his land  without  having complied with such  of  their  requirements as concerns himself. They Eire  trespassers and can be dealt with as such.'  It is necessary to bear in mind  that  the  rights conferred   by the acts as regards  lauds   lawfully occupied  for other   than  mining  purposes'are not in the first instance dependent even upon the existence  of mineral upon the laud.    I do not think  it would be useful, even  were it possible,  to lay,down.any general rules by  which  to determine what defaults will leave such  persons  in  the   position   of   trespassers.  The  lights of   parties   in  each  instance  must naturally depend  largely upon  the  precise circumstances in which they may  be, found when a dispute arises.    It seems"  to me to be difficult to allow the grantee  a status'-'to question tlie title of any claimant to a mineral claim who, in good faith,  may be claiming under his record, but it  is sufficient for the purpose of this appeal  to say that--whatever may be the position of the grantee at any timeantecedent  to  the issue of  the certificate���I do not  doubt that he will never lind it possible to  successfully attack the title to a mineral  claim in respect of which a certificate has  been granted, unless he  is able to prove  sucli facts as would amount to fraud.    If  the grantee may bringan action attacking  the title to a mineral claim, notwithstanding the  existence of a certificate of improvements,     without     impeaching    its  validity, when does the  title to a claim  become unimpeachable   by' him.-    And if  he in his quality of land owner is to have  the right to bring such action at such a  time what is there to prevent him, if successful taking advantage of such right for  the purposeof himself acquiring theclaim;*  Such a grantee i.s   not  concerned   with  the   right  of   property   in   the  precious  metals whicli may be.found upon his land,  lie   can  acquire  them  only  in  the  way  open to all persons equally under the acts.  His title to hi.s land does not depend upon  the act, nor can he be deprived of his title I  to it by any proceedings under them.  Ills '  liability is to have his land entered upon  and occupied for mining purposes,- and  the rights given him are that he is carefully guarded in respect of such liability  by the exemption and security against  loss provided for.   Justice Drake on Rock in Place.  Justice Drake, in his judgment says  that as. to the Paris Belle location, the  rock in place appears to be all rock which  has not been broken from the main body,  though how valuable it may be. may not  be discovered until extensive work has  been done. A lode or vein is not necessary to be discovered to enable a miner to  locate ground if there be mineral deposits  of sufficient value to induce the miner to  expend capital and labor on their development. Plaintiffs'had waived their right to  necessity for security by not taking out  an injunction before a certificate was issued. Plaintiffs had' no right to the  Zenith, and only to such portions of the  Paris Belle as were not necessary,for  working the claim. Drake thought costs  should be allowed.  The railway company has given notice  of appeal to the privy council.  TROUT   LAKE   DISTRICT.  9*  SHORT   BITS   OP   NEWS   FROM   KASLO.  The Hall  Mines  Smelter Receives  Ore   from  the Great Northern Group.  Hugh   McPherson  of  Trout Lake, arrived in the city this week with two carloads   of ore   from   the   Great Northern  group in  the Trout Lake district.    The  ore is consigned to the Hall Mines smelter,  and   is   a   trial  shipment  sent  forward  by    the   Australian    Gold    Fields    company, the recent purchasers of the Great  Northern group.  By the sale of the Great  Northern McPherson and his partner, A.  J. Bettles, of Montana, made a neat cleanup.     Some   eighteen   mouths   ago   they  bonded  the  property  for $12,000.    They  since spent about $0000 in opening tip the  property, and ten days ago closed a deal  for its sale for $80,000, of which $10,000  was paid  in cash.   The  Great  Northern  lead runs from 2 to -1 feet in  width  and  averages a good 2J. feet.    The ore is expected to average "30 ounces silver, seven  per  cent copper and  about $7 in  gold.    The  group   has   developed    well    and    there  is every prospect of its makingadividond  paying property.    The  Canadian  Pacific  Railway company gave the Great Northern owners a rate of $S..10 per ton on   the"  present   trial  shipment  from  Thomson's  landing to Nelson.   This, in  view of  the  transfers necessary, the owners consider  very fair treatment.    Had  there  been a  a heavier shipment  made  the company  would.have given an even better rate.  Mr., McPherson expects to see a big  move in the Trout Lake district this summer.'The Home-Payne syndicate has had  great luck in the development of its Silver  Cup and other properties. In the Silver  Cup they have perhaps the only high  grade property in the camp. The company is working about 00 men. There are  several other companies working on a  smaller scale, and all that is necessary to  send the district to the fore is better transportation facilities. The Home-Payne-  syndicate is putting in a concentrator for  the Silver Cup.  HOW   THE   MEMBERS   VOTED.  Preparations  for  the diamond  jubilee  of Lhe queen's birthday-are being rapidly  perfected.   The transportation com mi tiee  by James Waugh, its. chairman, has  secured  single fare rates from all  British  Columbia points along the line of the Nelson   6c  Fort  Sheppard    railway and  on  Kootenay lake.   The Kaslo & Slocan railway will also run special trains, carrying  excursionists at'very little beyond single  rates i'or the return trip.   The base ball  grounds are being put into shape for the  initial game of the Kootenay-Washiugton  league,. which  is scheduled  for Sunday,  the 2Srd instant.    For   this  part of the  preparatory work the finances are fortunately in good shape, thanks to the ability  of J. L. Pierce,  who has charge of this  feature of the programme.   The drilling  contest promises to be an interesting part  of the" celebration, and  a sufficient sum  will be set apart for it to induce a lively-  competition.   The finance committee also  ���propose to provide i'or horse racing,- boat  racing, a carefully prepared list of Caledonian sports aud dancing.    Efforts will  of course be made to attract as large a  crowd as possible, and to make the occasion entirely worthy of the important anniversary which it is intended to celebrate.  At a meeting of the city council on  Tuesday evening mayor Green with aldermen Goodenough, Garland, Moore and  Cameron was appointed as the board of  rovisiou to hear appeals against the city's  assessment roll for 1S!)7  appeals, coming from 17  ants. Most of thesewere for the trahsfei  of dill'erents lots of property from one  name to another. Two large property  owners. however, G. O. Buchanan and the  Kaslo-Kootenay Land company, appealed  against their entire assessment. On Tuesday the board took up the appeals, and  after going through the list a first time,  adjourned to meet again on Friday. While  there  were   some  reductions  is'assessed  There were  12  d iff ere.-it appel-  Membe.rs of the Legislature Go on Record Upon  Three Issues.  On the second reading of ''Harry"  Helnieken's bill, giving women the franchise, the house killed the bill oh this division : For���-Alessrs. Baker, Booth, Graham, Helmcken, Hume, Kennedy, Kellie,  Kidd, .McGregor, Macpherson, Semlin and  Walkem���12. Against- Messrs. Adams,  Braden, Bryden, Cotton, Eberts, Hunter,  Irving, 'Martin, Mutter, Pooley. Rithet,  Rogers, Smith, Stoddart, Sword and Turner- -10.  On Hume's amendment to  bill, striking out the alien  members of the cabinet a I.J  Hume.'; The division was;  Adams, Baker, Booth, Bryden, Cotton,  Hberts, Hume, Martin, Pooley, Rithet,  Smith, Sword and Turner-hi. Against  Messrs. Braden, Graham, Helmcken, Irving, Kellie, Kennedy, Kidd, MacPherson,  Mutter, Semlin, Stoddart and .Walkem���12.  On Cotton's amendment to the mineral  act to relieve working miners from the  payment of the annual fee of $.", J. M.  Kellie switched aud voted in favor of Hie  repeal of the tax.    The division was:  For  .Messrs. Cotton, Hume, Kellie, Kennedy,  Kidd. Macpherson, Semlin, Smith, Sword  and Walkem -10. Against���.Messrs.- Adams, Baker, Booth, Bryden, Eberts, .Alar-  tin, Mutter, Pooley. Rithet, Rogers, Stoddart and Turner--12.  the mineral  clause,   the  voted   with  For���Messrs.  That Paternal Government Again.  Nelson is between the devil and the  deep sea, once an effort is inside to establish an industrial enterprise iu the town.  The.Canadian Pacific owns all the water  frontage west from Hall street, and when  approached for sites invariably reply;  "Leases will be given subject to two  months' notice to vacate." (t is needless  to say that no leases are signed under  such conditions. The water frontage east  from Hall street is covered by a rifdit-of-  way claimed by the Canadian Pacific, but  the lots abutting against the right-of-way  are still tlio property of the crown. The  government refuses to sell, and if these  particular lots are squatted on by managers of industrial enterprises, no time i.s  lost in giving notice to vacate. The result  i.s that enterprising men are giving Nelson  the go-by and establishing themselves in  less-favored towns.  values, the changes on the roll were not  material.  The number of consumers of the city's  water is rapidly increasing, and there is  promise that the revenue derived from  ���the waterworks system will more than  pay interest upon the cost, aud provide  for the sinking fund. There is ample force  for every purpose. The other day the  reservoir was cut off and the conduit pipe  connected directly with the distributing  system. .Fire hose was attached to the  hydrant at the corner of Front and Third  streets. The stream was then directed  towards the flagpole, which reaches considerably over ninety feet above the  street level, and tlie force was such as to  knock the button from the top of the pole,  while the stream itself went many feet  higher,  Alderman Teetzel of Nelson, was present  at the meeting of the Kaslo city council  on Tuesday evening last, and took in the  proceedings with, apparent interest. He  went_ into the Slocan on Wednesday  morning.  The lawn tennis club has.let a contract  to William English for the grading and  preparing its grounds in the vicinity of  the Methodist church. Thereavill be two  courts -10 feet by SO feet each.  Should 'the accumulated funds prove  sufficient for the purpose, it is proposed to  prepare,a racetrack in connection with  the base ball grounds, so that the use.of  the streets may be avoided. -       ,  , A large quantity of lumber is being imported for the new buildings whicli are  being erected. The foreshore near-'the  steamboat docks is covered with piles of  various kinds of rough and -'dressed' stuff.  D. C. McGregor brought the dressed lit*  joists for his new building on Kront street  from Seattle.  The much adjourned case of city clerk  Chiptnan, charged with an offense against  the city by-law by alderman .Buchanan,  came to an untimely end on Tuesday last,,  to which day it had been adjourned on  the previous Tuesday. When the time  ��� for ' hearing arrived /no justice was on  hand to further postpone the case, tis  justice of tlie peace Stone had been called  away on business, and none other had  knowledge of the affair. Whether it will  be revived by a further information is  problematical, as there, appears to be a  statutory limit of lime within which information must be laid. Public curiosity  will not, therefore, be "gratified by the developments'of a case which promised to  be sensational.'  Hamilton Byers has purchased a fine  building site overlooking Kaslo bay, and  will erect a handsome residence during  the summer. The ground is now being  lint into condition for cultivation,  Henry Giegerich has removed the headquarters of his triple business from Ainsworth to Kaslo. and will probably remove  his residence to the city as well sometime  during the year,  A building is being erected on Front  street, which will be utilized as a steam  laundry. The latest improved machinery  has been ordered from Chicago, and it is  promised that all arrangements will be  thoroughly up to date. It is an industry  which is much needed.  SLOGAN   MINING   NOTES.  Mining company ha.1* obtained a British  Columbia free miner's license, tmd then  to be transferred to that company as soon  as asked for by the vote of two-thirds of  the trustees.  As an early result ol the new clause of  the mineral act, a number of prospecting  agreements are being recorded at the  olVme of the mining recorder. ��� One such  agreement between Jack Harrison and  A. E. Warren of the one part, and O. G.  Labaree of the other, is- minute in its provisions. \V.,B. Ives and li. II. Pope, of  the eastern townships of (Quebec, are mentioned iu the agreement.  While the passage of the alien clause of  the mineral act still impended, the mining recorder of Kaslo, like others, had a  large number of applications for free  miners' certificates. Several were issued  to cover five years' existence and still  more to cover three.  The concentrator at the Washington  mine was to have started on Thursday  last. The tramway has been placed iu  thorough repair, so tha-t there need be no  interruption. Thirty-live men are at  work upon the property, and the promise  of this properly was never moi'e encouraging than at present. At the bottom of  the win/.e there are three feet of an ore  body which produces fine ore.  Flora Miller, of New Westminster,  bought the Noble Three mineral claim in  the Hot Springs camp about a mile west  of the town of Ainsworth, from Charles  F. Olson and Alexander McLeod, and  through her attornev. Alexander Miller,  transferred it to the Noble Three Mining  conipany, which has.had it surveyed and  'will apply for-a crown grant. Development work is being done upon the property in the form of a cross-cut tunnel to  strike the lead, which promises well.  Some of the prospectors who went into  the Duncan river country found that  their advent had been too early. The  snow was too deep on the'mountains to  permit of effective work, so that they  were compelled to return,  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSJP.  EXPORTS   PICKING   UP.  The -Hall Mines Commence Roasting This Week  ana Will Ship Blister Copper Shortly.  The heavy shipments of matte from the  Trail smelter brough't the mineral exports '  for the port of Nelson  up to the usual  standard this week.    There went forward  irom the Trail smelter during tho week  over 120 tons of matte, and in addition to  this the mines of the Slocan sent forward  some-100 odd tons.    The Hall mines smelter has not figured in  the exports of the  district to any extent for the past few  weeks as the company has been holding  its   matte   with   a   view   to   putting   ic  through a further refining process.    This  week  the  roasters  were   started  at the  Hall mines smelter and it is expected that'  the reverberatory furnace will be started  ma few days.   Heretofore the matte exported  by the Hall  mines has averaged  from Irj to -.,0 per cent mineral and by the  lurther refining  process  the  percentage '  will be increased to from 95 to 90 per cent,  ihe company expects to make considerable shipments of this blister copper during the last week of the present .month. '  Ihe exports for the week were:  BULLION  AND  HUTTE.  Trail smelter  *'��"ml'' ���Valuo   2ia,.j5i  OKK.  Noble Five mines. Slocnn      ICootcnuy Ore Company, Kaslo...  ..  Heeo mine, cjldoan   Slociin Stur. Siiiiilon .'!.'.'..',  .Surpriso mine, Sloean   Little l'hil mine, Ainsworth    Total for week   Total ��o f.xr I'm- _\Iuy .'.'.'..'  Total for April    Total for March   Total for '���'el.rimrj- ���   Total for .lanuaiT   Total via Hevclsioke to JIareli HI.  Total so far for 181)7   Joshua Briggs, 11.  Hriggs have assigned  Ben    Hur.  Phillips,  and Bedrock, on the  creek,  to E. .J. Kelly  11.   McLean of Spok  held   by  them   until  P. Briggs and   li.  It.  the mineral claims  Josh (.'oilins, I'.-sex  -outh fork of Kaslo  , E. I'!. Knowles tind  me,   in   trust,   to be  the   Briggs-Phillips  The case of Adous etal. vs. the Hall  mines was before the full court at Victoria  on -Monday. The case is in respect to tho  ownership of a mineral claim. Iu the  lower court the judge decided that the  plaintiff had not proved that they had  blazed the line between ports' Nos. I aud  2. Previously the plaintiffs' attention  had been called to the fact that they had  not proved this and they asked that they  ��� be allowed to re-open their case., but the.  -application was not allowed. Now the  plaintiffs contend that .they should have  been given nu opportunity to do this, if it  was essential. .Judgment  was reserved.  The Montreal company operating, the  Fern mine has arranged to put a ten  stamp niill upon the property. It is expected that the mill .'will be at the Fern  by the loth instant.  Work on the Honeyman foundry and  machine shop is being pushed as rapidly  as-'possible. There are two car-loads of  improved machinery on the way in, and  the indications are that the shop will be  in working order inside of 30 days.  In (.he supplementary estimates for the  current 3*ear, ending June .''0th,,1897,.provision is made of .'i'2-10 for incidentals for  the Nelson school. This comes up near  the proper, mark, and .justifies the kick  which the trustees made several months  ago when the education department  sought to hold .them down to $S0. If .the,  school trustees of Nelson had not shown  backbone, some months ago there is no  reason to''believe that this vote would  have been increased above $80.  . John Ilumer, who has been'in the  bakery and restaurant business .in Nelson  I'or the last four years, this week sold out  with a view to moving to the Fort Steele  country. He made a success of the business in Nelson and goes into Fast Kootenay with considerably more money than  he had when he struck Nelson. If he enjoys the prosperity his friends wish him  lie will have money to burn within the  next four years.  William Irvine, of St. John, N. B., accompanied by his wife and Miss A. Claw-  son, his sister-in-law, arrived in Nelson  this week with a view to making this city  their home. Mr. Irvine is. a brother of  Fred Irvine.  (ieorge Johnstone, collector for the port  of Nelson, left this morning over the Canadian Pacific for the southern outports of  his district.  T. II. McGregor of Victoria, who has-  been employed by the provincial government on survey work for several years,  has decided to open tin office tmd locate in  Nelson.  Andy Dolan is reported to have sold  .'.0,000 shares iu the Copper King at 10  cents per share. The property is located  on Bear creek.  Approximate  Tons.  Value.  -  12(1  .''li  ���  lit)  1!)  531  SI03.SS8  5.'il  $rfi,U35  ���|.7''4  S'33.l':-ji  n.Sii  {���I'77.'i��l  o.L'Ol  $&j'J.SXt  ���l..'il8  S.UTo.nfii;  ���j.m  S2U7.1.'.*'  H.ljiJ  ?2.(SS:.,5UI  Duncan Hi ver Prospecting Syndicate.  James Anderson, who is conducting the  prospecting party which the Gold Mill'  hJxpioration and Development company  sent into the Duncan river country some  three or four weeks ago. ��pent two or  three days of this week in Kaslo. He experienced considerable difficulty in getting his boat., laden with supplies, up the  lower Duncan from Kootenay to Mauser  lake. Afterwards, however', he got along  easily enough and established a headquarters camp about three miles up the river  from the latter lake at the mouth of Mauser creek. From this point; he sent some  of his party to Glacier, Grizzly, Mcadow  and Houser creeks to pro��pect, while others were engaged in building a. permanent-  camp which he has called Fdgnr, in honoi-  of the .speaker of the house of common*,  who is president of the company whose  expedition .Mr. Anderson is managing.  Several locations were made, but the  snow is still too deep upon the mountains  to prospect the mineral belt lying beyond  the first range of hills bordeVing on the  lake. As the snow disappears the range  of the parties will be widened so that till  the territory may be systematically prospected. Mr. Anderson left on Thursday  morning for the scene of operations, taking with him a large supply of materials  and provisions and several more men to  engage in the work. J. B. McArthur, of  "Rossland,-is the local managing director-  of this company and was iu Kaslo on  Monday, seeing to the arrangements, and  consulting as to future operations.  The Boat Club in Good Shape.  The annual meeting of the Nelson Boat  club was held in the fire hall Tuesday  evening, when the officers for the ensuing  year were elected. H. B. Perks occupied  the'chair.. The following oflicers were  elected : Hewitt Bostock, honorary president; Mayor Houston, president: Dr. La  Ban, vice-president: II. B. Perks, captain r.  li. Senkler, vice-captain.; Dr.  Hall, secretary-treasurer; II.  ans, J. II. Matheson and  members of the committee/  retary reported that the club  till debts in connection with Inst seasons-  ventures, and that there remained a balance of $1 on hand. This, in view of the  circumstance that the club now owns a  first class boat house aiid a four-oared  lapstreak boat, should be very encouraging. The committee was authorized to  secure another four-oared lapstreak. so  that club racing may be indulged in. Ten  new members were added to the roll on  Tuesday evening, and everything points  to a very successful season for the Nelson.  Boat Club during the coining 'summer.  G.  A.   IL  J.     Kv-:  II.    Day.  The   sec-  had   paid!  Will Not Provide an Admiral's Residence.  "Harry" lk.lmckeir.s- resolution, that  the government consider the question of  purchasing a residence for the admiral in  command of the North Pacific squadron  at K-quimalt. was given n  hoist in the legislal ure.  was of the opinion that i  quired a house ho >  peria  Jiould  authorities for it.  giving the clause, a   three   months  was carried on a division of 17 to 1.1  three months  The legislature  the admiral re-  look  to the im-  Theainendineut  hoist  Chief Justice Davie Got S13.EC0.  Attorney-general Fberts, in answer Con  .question put by Macpherson of Vam-ouver.  as to the. amount of money paid chief  justice. Davie for the work of'revising the  statutes, made the following statement:  The total .imount paid to the sole commit--,  sioner is $1.'',"()(). out of which his payments for professional and clerical assis-  ttiiice are $l(i(i."j. The, arrangements with  the   new    commissioners    for    check inir.  amending and setting the draft is  page, consisting of about j_0(!() pages,  cost of binding has  been S''.'*l.    Tin  of  printing cannot  work litis been done  ollice hours.  be computed,  by   the  staff  $2 a  The  cost  as   the  during  Customs Returns.  Summary statement of tlie imports and  exports and revenue collected at the port  of Nelson   during   the   month  of  April.  1S!>7:  I'OI.T  (ir   N'l-!.S(lN.  Unliable kuoiIs   Kri-u   ��onris   Total   Tho mines l.'f.'l.'JS inns nf ore)  ('o|i|iijr i.iiittu il'-'ii I on.-), ......  Animal- anil llieir prodiii-e.. .  'I'lii! forest        Miiniifiictiiics   TotuI      Value of  Imports.  ..{���!��!. "���'''���'  l.'il.dT  "II"  ,'.'-'li  Value  Uiitj-  ('.���Iliri <.���<;.  Si'.KWi.lS  $i".).ii;-.ms  iif K.vjinrl.s.  . f_.'_.'L'.7(i:i m  il  I l!!'li.M>  I.I-7I.U)  1. .SKXU.'  ���.'���*.*��� I.t(k  .  _-l.''.'._!''U-0  i  jfaij>^^  M^S^^  ms��mB&msam  ,��&*:����������� THE  TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY,  MAY 8,  1897.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THE TRIBUNE is published on Saturday.-, by The  T kibun'k Fuhlisiiing Comi'any. and will bo mailed  to subscribers on payment of Two Dollars u year.  No subscription' taken for lo*s than a .year.  REGULAR   ADVEliTISKMENTS   printed at the   following  rates:    One inch,   SM a year;   two inches,  S60  a  year;   three  inches SSI a year; four inches,  . S96 a year; five inches, $10.') a year: six niches and  over, at the rate of Sl.50 an inch por month  TRANSIENT APVKRTISEMKNTS HI cents a line for  first insertion and 10 cents a line for each additional  insertion.   Birth.  marriage, and death notices free.  LOCAL OR REAPING MATTER NOTICES &> cents a  lino each insertion.       ' .',__.��� v  JOB PRINTING at fair rates. All accounts for job  printing and advertising payable on the first of  every month; subscription, in advance.  ADDRESS all communications.to  THE TRIBUNE. Nelson. B. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  DLaBAU, M.D.���Physician and Surgeon.   Rooms  ���   and 1 Bigelow block. Nelson.  Telephone 42.   Utile  hours from I to 2:30 p. in. and 0:30 lo 8 p. in.  GH. II. SY.MONDS, *M.D., C.ll.,--I'hysician and Sur-  ���   geon.   Olllcc in the Bealey building, West Baker  street, Nelson. '    T~iT RITCHIE, Provincial Land Surveyor.    Ofiicc in  ���J ���   Ritchie building, Rossland. B. C.  WJ. H. HOLMES, C. E.���Provincial Land Surveyor.  ���   P. O. box 82, Ivaslo, B. O.    T C. OWILLIM, B.A.Sc. &. W. S. JOHNSON. B.A.Sc.  ��J . ���Mining Engineers and Analytical Chemists,  Slocan City, B. C.   LODGE   MEETINGS.  NELSON LODGE, NO. 23, A. V. & A. M. Meets  second Wednesday iu each month. Sojourning  brethren invited.  The Ames Holden Co's special "Columbia,"  "Vancouver," "Kootenay" should be worn  by everybody who wants a first-class mountain boot.  SATURDAY HORNING ...MAY 8. 1897  From the record of the proceedings in  the legislature last week it is evident that  the Dunsmuirs have not the  hold upon  the members of the house that they had a  few years ago.    That the Dunsmuir spell  is broken is evidenced by the manner in  which the house treated the E. & N. railway while in committee upon the mineral  bill.   The   greed of  subsidized railways  when dealing with free miners, induced  the mining eotnmitte to introduce a clause  whereby   the owners of crown granted  mineral claims, located upon lands granted  to a railway company, could expropriate  their    surface    areas   under    the    Land  Clauses Consolidation Act   of 1S97.   The  Dunsmuirs, who control the B. & N. railway on Vancouver Island and  its  land  subsidy of 2,000,000 acres, have been particularly harsh  with free  miners.    This  land was received as a subsidy, together  with $750,000 in cash, lor the building of  the railway from  Nanaimo to Victoria,  and the company has set up the contention that the land is exempt from  taxation uutil alienated by the company.   In  the face of all  these facts the railwasr  company has done all it could to hamper  the mineral development of the island. It  first laid claim to all the precious metals  within its grant.    When beaten in the  courts upon this contention, it adopted  the policy of charging miners an exorbitant price for surface rights.   The company's best terms were $3 per acre aud a  royalty   of "20 cents per ton on all ore  mined.   Naturally a railway company so  greedy would fight a clause which gave  free   miners  a  right   to acquire surface  rights   at   a fair  valuation.   The Dunsmuir solicitor and the Dunsmuir members  of the house did all they could to defeat  this clause.   They had the assistance of  the attorney-general, but in spite of their,  combined   pleadings,  in   the  ,1'ull house  they were badly beaten.   It was only ina  half-filled house of 21 members that they  succeeded in having the clause rejected.  Had this clause been retained In the  bill, the miners of this province, aud of  Vancouver Island in particular, would  have been chiefly indebted to Colin B.  Sword, the member for Dewdney. Such a  clause would have benefitted claim owners  in every section of the province Where  railway companies hold lands as subsidies,  but it would be doubly welcome to those  owning claims in the E. & N. railway  belt. . I'pon a mine taking out 100  tons of ore per day, the Dunsmuir  royalty would amount to over $7000 per  annum, in addition to the original payment of $S per acre. It is worthy of note  that while the Dunsmuir members were  endeavoring to fasten this burden upon  the owners of mineral claims within the  E. & N. railway belt, there was not one  cabinet minister who raised his voice  against the injustice, in every instance  during the present session, when the interests of some monopoly clashed with  those of the province, premier Turner  and every member of his cabinet has  either championed the cause of the monopoly or kept out of the way. These are  the ministers who would have the people  believe that they endeavor to serve the  province to the best of their ability.  Despite the pledges of premier Turner's  government, the men working in the  precious metal, mines of Ivootenay will  again be called upon to pay the unjust  tax of five dollars per annum. The government admitted the unfairness of this  tax early this session and promised to re  peal the tax so far as it applied to men  working for wages. The members of the  legislature were of the opinion that the  government was sincere in its promise,  and the mining committee inserted a  clause iu the bill amending the mineral  act,,along the line desired. When premier Turner had this bill in the committee  stage, he caused this clause to be killed.  When questioned, he admitted that he  had virtually pledged himself to repeal  the tax, but added that he had changed  his mind. He did not pretend to say that  the tax was just, but whether just or unjust, he said that he had decided to allow  it toremain for another year. The action  of premier Turner in this matter admits  of no excuse. It suited his purpose to deceive the people and he deceived them.  It is evident that.J. M. Kellie has decided  to quit political life. His vote against  the repeal of the tax upon working miners  can be explained no other way. His statement that the miners of Kootenay did not  wish to be relieved of the tax of $5 per  annum, for the privilege of . working, is  not in accordance with fact. His story  that they would prefer to see the tax le-  niain and be similarly imposed upon the  men working in coal mines is an insult to  ordinary intelligence. The government  wished to wriggle out of its promise' to  repeal this tax, and J. M. Kellie once more  allowed, himself to become the government's stool-pigeon. It is an unfortunate  thing that J. M. Kellie represents a' min-  district.   The division in the legislature upon the  motion to deprive citizens of the United  States of the privileges of free miners,  deserves to be recorded. West Kootenay,  East Kootenay and Yale are destined to  be great mining centers. When the next  general election comes around, the electors in these mining districts will desire  to, know how the members voted upon  this very important matter. For their  guidance the following is published, being  one of the first divisions on Bradeh's  amendments: For: Eberts, Braden, Victoria; Stoddart, East Lillooet; Walkem,  Nanaimo: Semlin, West Yale; Graham,  Fast Yale; Kidd, Richmond and Kennedy,  Westminster; Kellie, Northwest Kootenay; Helmcken, Victoria; Mutter, Cow-  ichan-Alberni: McGregor, Nanaimo; Rogers, Cariboo; Irving, Cassiar. Total .15.  Against: Williams, Vancouver; Cotton,  Vancouver; Hume, Southwest Kootenay*;  Sword, Dewdney: Turner, Victoria; Baker,  East Kootenay; Pooley, Esquimalt: "Martin, North Yale; Rithet, Victoria; Adams,  Cariboo; Booth, North Victoria; Smith,  Lillooet.   Total 12.   F. Aug. Heinze has applied to the government for a grant covering all the water  on the west side of the Columbia between  Trail and Robson. As the members of  the cabinet appear to think that British  Columbia was made for Heinze, they will  no doubt go as far as they can in giving  him this monopoly of water privileges.  One of the creeks from which Heinze  wishes 500 inches of water is known as  Rock or Stony creek. It has not more than  SO inches of water during the dry season,  and it is difficult to see, in the face of a  lease calling for -100 inches, where Heinze's  500 inches are to come from. The Rock  creek lease Was issued by the government  in ,1891 to George C. Tunstall, jr., and  Harry Sheran. It gives them the right to  use 400 inches of water i'or domestic or  other purposes for 99 years.  Chief Commissioner Martin, in answer  to a direct question in the house last  week, admitted that the photo-topographical survey of Kootenay had been discontinued.on account of the expense attached  to it. Up to date the commissioner said  the work had cost the province $25,002.  The decision of the full court in the  Paris Belle case caunot fail to give great  satisfaction to the mining men of the  province. It is a complete reversal of the  decisis*"! of Chief justice Davie, whicli,  had it u. in .-Hitained, would have upset  nearly all the locations made in Trail  Creek district during the last five years.  The decision of chief justice Davie was so  revolutionary that few expected the full  court to sustain it. That the full court  reverses it in every particular makes the  satisfaction of the mining men complete.  >The full court held that the Zenithdpca-  tion was good up to June, 1S93, and that  when it lapsed it reverted to the crown.  It held that the Paris Belle location wasa  valid location; that the failure of the locators to post security for damages with  the railway conipany prior to entering  upon the land did not invalidate the location; and that rock iu place meant what  miners considered it meant���that is, mineralized rock in place and not a vein of  ore between two well defined walls. The  Paris Belle company does not get the surface rights.   The figures issued from the port of Nelson tor the first quarter of the current  year are most encouraging. They no  doubt furnish the key to the interest  which eastern Canada is now evincing in  the welfare of West Kootenay. Three  years ago it was next to impossible to interest Canadian capital in the mineral resources of West Kootenay.   The pioneers  of the district were in a measure left to  work out their own salvation. Their  work proved that their faith iii the mines  of West Kootenay was well founded.  They developed the district from a prospective to an actual mining country. For  the first three months of the present year  the exports of West Kootenay entered at  the port of Nelson were valued at $1,932,-  090.00; the imports were valued at $101,-  S18.00, and the duty collected amounted  to $89.90-1.12. The growth of Kootenay's  trade can best best be shown by,comparison with the two previous years:  Value of  Duty  Value of  Imports  Colloclod  Kxports  Mia      S   3��J7,3')*I.'X>  $ Sl.737.83  $   73(i.S"0 (II)  lSUii   .   1,117,173 00  2.il.851.73  ���2."WlfiiS.00  18!'". (1 quarter).  I01.KIS.00  .      SlI.SHi-l U  1,I)3-',0!IO.OO  The collections made under the head of  inland revenue show similar increases.  For the year 1895 the collections amounted  to $12,972.55; for the year 1S90, $20,810.51;  for the first quarter of the current year,  $13,080.02. These figures show that there  is a large and growing trade in West  Kootenay. The people of eastern Cauada  have come to see that if they do not make  an effort to secure a portion of this trade  it will be their own loss. West Kootenay  can better afford to get along without  eastern Canada than can eastern Canada  get along without Kootenay's trade.  ENGLISH   IN   CHINESE   SCHOOLS.  Reasons  Ancient  for the Belief that the  Country is Working Up.  Despite the pesimistic views of several  foreign writers on China, their judgment  that the Marquis Tseng's faith in the  awakening of China was only an enthusiast's vision, the results of the war with  Japan have brought changes which would  be remarkable in any European country,  and are little short of miraculous in so  conservative an empire as the flowery  kingdom. At first it was difficult to convince even intelligent Chinese that China  had suffered at the hands of Japan one of  the most crushing defeats of modern  times���a defeat more shameful and humiliating than France endured at Sedan, because Japan is not much larger or stronger  than any one of a half dozen provinces of  the nation she conquered.  But after Viceroy Li returned and the  facts became generally known among the  educated classes there was a revulsion of  feeling which, in the slow way in which  all things move in China, has now brought  about results that would have been regarded as visionary two years ago. The  most important result is the edict making  English compulsory in the higher schools  of the leading provinces. Even the Marquis Tseng would not have had the hardihood to predict such a reform as this ten  years after he wrote his famous review  article. And this edict included a command for the teaching of western sciences.  This radical change of system has been  produced by the war, but it may not be  amiss to ask how much of it is due to the  slow influence of the English, American  and other foreign missiomiries who have  been laboring for years to open the minds  of the Chinese literati to the defects of  their national intellectual training.  Many travellers and few publicists have  spoken flippantly of the meagre results of  missionary work iu China. On the surface mucbof theiracrid commeutseems too  true. When an estimate of the converts  is made it presents a pitiful figure beside  the expenditure of life, enthusiasm, and  money which has been lavished by so  many mission societies. Yet an old missionary in China will tell you of scores of  instances of the humanizing quality of religious instruction as seen in characters  that appeared beyond the reach of all the  better impulses. Especially upon the.  young this religious teaching has had a  deep influence, and not a single one of the  periodical outrages against missionaries  has been without some noble example of  the devotion of converts to .their teachers  and guides iu the new Christian life.  The new movement in English education in China is sure to increase the importance of the English and American  missionaries. The religious missions will  be centres of education in English, in  science, and in foreign literature, and an  opening will be made in influential families for tutors and governesses. The prominent men in China have long felt the necessity of a knowledge of English, and  most of them understand the language  fairly well, though they may make no effort to speak it. This is the case with old  Li Hung Chang, who picked up many  things not intended for his ears by his-  pretence that he could not understand  English. There are many foreign posts  open,to Chinese who know English and  French, and even inofficial posts in Chinese cities whicli have a foreign quarter,  the ability to speak French is a great ad-  tage to viceroy or taotai.  The opening of schools in the various  missions in China is sure to give religious  teachers a far stronger hold than they  have ever been able to secure over the  best class of youths. It is the working  classes, mainly, to whom they have appealed, but now they will be brought into  intimate relations with the sons of the  official class.   . What Mineral in Place Means.  Colonel Baker has made an amendment  to the mineral act, "which defines the  meaning of the phrase, mineral in place.  The minister of mines accepted the interpretation of the full court in the Paris  J3elle case. The section reads: "Rock in  place shall be deemed to mean and include minerals not necessarily in a vein or  lode, that is, when discovered in the same  place or position in which it was originally formed, or deposited, as distinguished  from loose, fragmentary or broken rock  or float, which by decomposition is found  in wash gravel or sand. Valuable deposits  of minerals shall mean and include mineral in place in appreciable quantity having a present or prospective value sufficient to justify exploration,"  JUST RECEIVED a small varied stock of  .GTRIGAL SUPPLIES  OUR OBJECT is to furnish you with enough to l^eep your work going while th,e  balan.ee of your order is coming from Toronto.   Thanking you for past favors  CANADIAN GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY  FRANK DARLING, KOOTENAY AGENT  e Warren Webster  AND WATER PURIFIER  Guaranteed 7 per cent, better limn uny oilier make of healer      The Webster System of ITcuting with Kxhaust Steam relieves back pressure on engine  The Morse Valve Uosoator will reseat any slylo of valve without removing valve  Darling Bros. Adjustable Pipe Cutter Cuts Pipe, any metal, 3-4 to 24 inches in diameter  Street Hydrants Chile Valves, l'ipc, Crescent Drill Steel, Wire Hope      .Freight and Passenger Elevators  Office, Hodgiiis building, next Phair Hotel, Nelson Write FRANK DARLING, Sole Agent for British Columbia  The Crow's Nest  Pass Hallway and  The Sloean  ailway  are to be built during* the year  1897. Construction work has  already commenced on the last  named. These two roads with  the two already having terminals at Nelson will make Nelson  the railway center of Southern  British Columbia. Real estate  in railway centers rapidly increases in value���often more  ' rapidly than stocks in undeveloped mines���and Nelson will  be no exception. The following described property is choice  and the prices such as to insure  purchasers against making a  losing:  NELSON   PROPERTY  Price  30x120 feet on Haker street, with ���"-story  olliee building.   Terms S;V-'">'1  oUxliU feet on Vernon street, with 2-slory  business block.   Terms    :">,.*>.i0  25x120 feel, on Vernon street with improvements.   Tonus    1,400  100x120 feet on Vernon streel. (a corner) with  improvements.   'Perms   6.0OD  30x120 foot at corner of Ward and Hoover  streets, with 10-room dwelling house. All  modern conveniences.   Terms    1,000  2.")Xl20 feet on Victoria street, with 2-story  dwelling.    Terms...   2,200  (;2.'xl20 feet on Victoria street, with cottage  'Terms.....  .. ���..._..... ������'���������;,- ������  2,750  2oxl20 feet corner Victoria and Hendryx  streets.   Terms ....      S.50  OUTSIDE   PROPERTY  Price  An undivided one-fourth interest in Trout  .Lake. City townsite, Jn Lardeau district.  Terms '..: .......  2.000  JOHN HOUSTON  Office:   Corner Vernon and  Ward streets, N'eison. 1). C.  Lake Sawmill  Will start about March 15th  with about double its former  capacity in all departments.  7,000,000 feet of Togs under  contract for early delivery.  The Planing Mill  and Factory  Is now running full time under the management  of C. E. Doty, 11 competent draughtsman and  mechanic who will furnish special drawings free  of charge.           New Designs  In house interiors, ollice and store fixtures, dado  work, mantles, brackets, mouldings, bookcases,  furniture, turnings, carving, grill work, and band  sawing. Orders for all such work executed in an  artistic manner.  One Car Glass  Direct from Belgium expected this month. Rough  and dressed lumber, laths, etc., always in stock.  Two Cars Sash  and Doors   Yard and branch ofliee foot of Hendryx Stre  Nelson.  G. 0. BUCHANAN  Cars of Bedroom  Suits and Dining  Room Furniture  Car of Mattresses  and UPHOLSTERED  THESE G00GS WILL BE OFFERED AT ADVANTAGEOUS PRICES FOR CASH  SPECIAL RATES TO HOTELS  LARGE CONSIGNMENT OF WALL PAPERS . . .  . . .KEPT IN STOCK AT ALL TIMES  D. McARTHUR & CO.  FOOT OF HALL STREET. XELSON.  T.  W.  GRAY,  Proprietor.  Doors,  Sash,  Band Sawing,  Turned Work,  and Office Fittings.    Just  arrived.and  in stock, a carload of Chance's-English  Rolled  Glass; all sizes up to 4 by 6 feet.  General Commission and Manufacturers' Agent  ^.G-EIsrCIElS :  Great.West Oiitmeal Mills. Pilot Jloiuld, Manitoba The Virden' Roller Mills. Virden. Mnnitoba  The li. M. .Smith  Hisei.it Factory, Victoria, B. ('- Smith it Kischcl, Cigars, SI. Jerome. Quebec  KOOTIC.VAY AKADQCAI'TKItS, NELSON, 13. C.  HERALDO,  MONOGRAM,  SCHILLAR  Manufactured by The George E. Tuekett & Son Co., Ltd.  SOLE AGENT,  NELSON, B. C.  S. J. MIGHTON  Parties having lots in Silverton, and wishing to  sell may find a buyer by  addressing or calling on  Cor. Vernon and Ward Sts., Nelson.  The business centre for the rich  mines on Springer Creek and  Slocan Lake. This is one of  the richest .districts in British  Columbia.  Lots $100  to  each  Fty\NK FLETCHER Trustee.  ��� ��J. Gr��  rRZE-A-L   ESTATE '  ^.asrxD co*iyi:'M:issiO"3sr .A-GKEirsra?  Kiln-dried and other Lumber  can now be obtained at the  yard; also Sashes, Doors, Veranda and Newel Posts, Base  and Corner Blocks, Brackets,  Balusters, Mouldings, Etc.,  Etc.,  at lowest prices.  BHALEY BLOCK, BAKER STREET. NELSON.  Several valuable business sites on Baker St.  Business block���two stores���Baker street.  ���w-   ���     ~ ��� 4I     J Business  block���three stores all rented���on  JLillTll LGCl I two 30-foot lots, with offices above.  ,���������'.,;;;. i      Residence lots, 50 teet frontage, Vernon St.  Apply to W. d. G.  DICKSON.  NOTICE.  1     Having appointed W.:J. G. Dickson local agent for  Addition A to tbe townsite of Xelson, intending pur-  ' chasers of lots, or persons wishing information, plans, or  ; price-lists of the addition, will please apply to him.  1 ���   ��� - V. O. INN'ER.  MINING STOCK FOR SAL  ;0,000 Shares in the Kootenay Mining Company  at 10 Cents per Share.  O-   IE.  JDOrr~^~  CT  COIMtEPI'OXDEXOE SOLICITED.  The Con.p.niv's prniierly comprises the I "OH IAIN.  .IOY. GOl'LII, and SUA FF.ll. three crown grant cii  (���lainis in the Ainswortli camp.  For further information apply to  R. E. LEMON, Nelson, B. C.  Near corner Victoria nnd Stanley streets  Views of all parts of Kootenay        -ii/r  ���     t��1,��~��-  Photographs in the,latest styles      IVlrS-   dOflDSOIl.  Guarantee satisfaction  firvrt * _* ��� ������ *  -^    - n.   ��������; ��� ��� *���  --'-.A-wfrw*^ THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON,. B. C, SATURDAY,  MAY H, L897.  ���?  , Capital,  . Rest,  Sir DONALD  lion. GEO. A  all paid  up,     -  $12,000,000  6,000,000  A. SMITH   , DRUMMOND,.  K. S. CLOUSTON.  ..' President   Vico-President  .General Manager  XsTXVX-,SCl2?   B"R^k.*ISrC"H:  ISl.'W. Cop. Baker and Stanley Streets.       IIHANCHES IN       LONDON   (England),   NEW YORK,   CHICAGO,  and in tho principal cities in Canada.  Buy and sell Sterling Exchange and Cable Transfers  QKANT COMMKKOIAL AM) TKAVKI.r.EKS' CREDITS,    ���  available in any part of tho world.  DItAKTS ISSUED    COLLECTIONS  MADE;  ETC.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  RATE OE INTEREST (at present) 3 Per Cent.  ,  THE   MINERAL   ACT   AMENDMENTS.  Pledge  Premier Turner Does   Not   Keep   tho  Made   Early   in   the   Session.  Premier Turner by   liis action in  the  ' legislature, while the house  was in committee upon  the mining bill, has shown  himself   to   be   a   vacillating   politician,  whose pledge is not binding when it suits  him to recauut.    He led the people of the  mining districts to believe that he would  repeal the tax upon working miners, but  when the matter came up in committee  he did till in his power to defeat the efforts of those who sought to carry out the  promise he had made.  The bill, as it went before the committee, repealed section eight of the present act and substituted the following,  which relieved working miners from the  ��� payment of the tax ot $:"> for the mere  privilege of working in the mines: "Every  person and joint stock company engaged  in mining for minerals (other than coal)  shall take out a free miner's certificate,  and every person or stock (company who  mines any mineral claim without having  taken out and obtained such certificate  shall, on conviction thereof in a summary  way, forfeit and pay a penalty not exceeding twenty-five dollars, besides costs."  This clause was dropped in committee,  but Mr. Cotton, not content that the government should evade its promise, moved  that the men working in and around the  mines, who had no interest in the prop-  perty, should not be called upon to pay  the license. Me called upon the government to support his ameudmeut in view  of the pledge which Hon. C. I']. Pooley  had'made during the debate upon the address in reply to the speech from the  throne. This, he reminded tbe house, was  a direct promise that the government  "���would amend the act in this direction.  Against this motion Mr. Adams of Cariboo, raised a point of order-on the ground  ��� that it affected the revenue.    .'������-...���  .Premier Turner was then forced to give  an explanation of his change of front upon  ,.' the question. His statement was that the  government did intend to repeal the tax  upon wOrkiug miners, but that the govern mentOaad since received protests from  the representatives of mining, districts  which determined the government's policy  in that respect.  Mr. Kellie, the member for the north  ; riding, who is possessed of a. fear that  American miners will get something for  nothing, inade the statemeut that the  people of Kootenay did not object to the  tax. He said that what they wanted was  the imposition of a similar tax upon coal  miners.  The chairman, Mr. Huff, ruled Mr. Cotton's motion out of order because it interfered with the revenue.  Dr. Walkem appealed from the chairman's decision, and after considerable  wrangling the committee arose and reported the appeal to the speaker. The  speaker held that Mr. Cotton's motion  was out of order. The portions of the  bill dealing with revenue had received  the assent of the government.  Attorney-general Eberts raised the  point that the section which had been rejected had received the assent of the  crown, but the ���crown had not given its  consent to Mr. Cotton's motion.  The speaker then stated that if the government refused its consent to the subsection it would not go in the bill.  The house then went into committee  aud the chairman was beginning to put  next clause when Mr. Williams raised  the point that Mr. Cotton's motion was  still before the house, as the speaker had  not ruled it out of order.  The chairman said that ' the speaker  had ruled the motion out of order.  Mr. Williams asserted that the speaker  had done nothing of the kind.  The chairman then left to interview the  speaker, and returned with the information that the speaker had ruled the motion  was out of order unless the assent of the  crown was secured. '  After further wrangling premier Turner, in answer to Mr. Cotton, announced  that the government did not dissent from  the motion. The government had not  been asked before whether they gave it  their assent or not. This was received  with derisive laughter by several members of the house.  Mr. Cotton's motion was then brought  up for further consideration. Premier  Turner said he thought it well to defer  the matter for another year.  Mr. Cotton wanted to know the reasons  for the objections to the motion, but  premier Turner would not reply.  Dr. Walkem supported Mr. Cotton's  motion. He held that it wa.s a wrong  principle to tax a man simply because he  wanted to earn a living in a mine.  Mr. Kennedy also supported the motion  repealing the tax upon men working for  wages. He admitted that the tax might  have been an equitable one when there  was nothing but placer mining and every  miner was working for himself, but there  was no justice in imposing the tax on  laborers in quartz mines.  Mr. Cotton's motion was voted down on  a vote of 12 to 11. The act therefore remains unchanged in this respect despite  the government's promise of reform.  The following section giving tlie owners  of mineral claims the right to purchase  surface rights from the crown was passed  without debate: "The lawful holder of a  mineral claim issued under the provisions  of this act -shall, in cases where such mineral claim has been located on waste lands  of the crown or on lands already not lawfully occupied for other than mining purposes, be entitled to receive a crown grant  of all the surface rights of such mineral'  claim on payment to the government of  British Columbia of the sum of live dollars per acre for such land, and of the fee  of live dollars i'or the crown grant."  There wa.s a disposition on the part of  some of the members to strike out the  clause requiring a written agreement between prospectors before one could claim  an interest in the claims located by another. A motion to strike out the clause  was defeated. It was amended and passed  in this form: "No free miner shall be  entitled to any interest in any mineral  claim which has been located and recorded by any other free miner unless such  interest is specified and set forth in some  writing signed by the parties so locating  such claims."  The Dunsmuir members of the house  made a great effort to defeat the clause  giving free miners the right to acquire  surface rights to their claims when included in land granted to railway, companies as subsidies. This section, as it  came before the committee, read : "In all  cases where a mineral claim is located upon land granted toa railway company as  a government subsidy the lawful owner  of the mineral claim, after the same shall  have been crown granted, shall be entitled  to expropriate the entire surface rights  and interest iu fee simple of the company  in and to the same in the manner prescribed for th*"* expropriation of land in  the Land Clauses Consolidation Act, 1S07.  Provided, however, that the amount  awarded for such surface rights shall not  be more than live dollars per acre. The  provisions of this section shall not apply  to the subsidy of any railway company  where provision has heretofore been made  as to the price for acquiring the surface  richts to mineral claims."  Dr. AValkem argued that the legislature  had no authority to dictate to the railway companies or any one else at what  price they shall sell lands deeded to them  by the crown. It would be a great boon  to the province if the legislature had the  power to carry out such a clause; particularly was this true ot the E. & N. railway  land, but it wa.s useless passing legislation  that would not hold water.  Mr. Bryden, who is related by marriage  to the Dunsmuir family aud has charge of  the Dunsmuir collieries, said he could not  see why any railway company should be  compelled to part with their lands unless  the company was willing to do so.  - A~motionto-strike out the whole section  was voted down.  Attorney-general Eberts then moved an  amendment to the effect that the section  should only apply to future railway land  grants, it would be breaking faith, he  said, for the legislature to attempt to  override contracts entered into with railway companies.  Dr. Walkem admitted that the railway  companies brought trouble upon themselves. They refused to sell surface rights  to miners without securing exorbitant  prices. The lands were not given to companies in older that they might be locked  up and the development of rthe province  retarded. If there was any way of compelling compauies to act reasonable it  should be put in force. The doctor referred to Mr. Dunsmuir's offer to sell free  miners the surface of their claims, located  in the E. &N. railway lands, for $3 per  acre and a royalty of 20cents per ton upon  all ore mined. These conditions were not  such as would encourage miuing. It was  such an offer as would discourage the investment of capital in island mines, which,  he said, were just as rich as those^ of  Kootenay. .  Hon. (J. E. Pooley, who occupies the  dual position of president of premier  Turner's executive and solicitor for the  Dunsmuir's, said he was not aware of any  trouble between the Dunsmuirs and the  miners. The Dunsmuirs had given lands  to some miners for nothing. The railway  companies had earned their lauds, and  their rights should not be interfered with.  The house should throw out the. clause,  and he hoped the house would do so.  Mr. Kellie could not see any breach of  contract in offering a railway company  what its land was worth. It was an outrage that railway companies exempted  from taxation should be able to prevent  the development of mines.  Mr. Williams maintained that he was  not in favor of repudiating any contract,  but the company should be compelled to  forego the privilege of acting the dog-in-  the manger and levy tribute of 20 cents a  ton ou free miners or charging enormous  prices for the wood on miners' claims.  Dr. Walkem said that the matter would  have to be settled, and settled soon, but  that it would be useless to insert a section  which would not be effective. Personally  he could not see how the province could  control the lands granted to the E. 6c N.  by the Dominion government.  1 Mr. Sword suggested an amendment to  the effect tnat the clause should applv  only to railway lands that are exempt  from taxation and are not used for railway purposes: Mr. Sword held that the  legislature was justified in passing an act  by which lands could be expropriated for  the public good.  Hon. Mr. Pooley again called upon the  members to vote down the clause.  Mr. Booth strongly opposed the clause.  It would be wrong to adupt tbe principle  embodied in the clause.  Attorney-general Eberts' amendment  making section apply only to future land  grants was voted down.  Mr. Sword's ameudmeut, restricting the  application of the clause to lands exempt  from taxation and jnot used for railway  purposes was then passed.  Mr. Kellie then moved to strike out all  the words in the clause after the  word  dedclause was passed.  The following clause was then struck  out of the bill: "Any free miner may act  as an agent to locate and record a mineral  claim for another tree miner, provided he  is previously in that behalf authorized  in writing by the party for whom he acts,  and such authority is filed in the office of  the mining recorder in the mining division  in which the claim is situated previous to  the date of the record of such claim."  The Braden alien clause was then inserted upon a division of 15 to 13, particulars of which appears in another column,  and the committee reported the bill complete with amendments.  ���WHITE   SLAVES   OP   FLORIDA.  1SJ)7  This was carried and the amond-  A Story  of Capt.'TiunbuH's  Slave  Colony in  the Early Days.  Down on the Hillsborough' river in Volusia county, Florida, there are the ruins  of one of the oldest settlements in this  country, and its history forms one. of the  most tragic episodes ever recorded of any  place in the United States. The place is  called New Smyrna, but there is nothing  new or attractive about it except the orange trees, the palmettoes and green vines  which nature distributes lavishly around.  There is one class of people in the south  who can never be induced to visit New  Smyrna, aud the very sound of the name  makes them turn their heads aside in  shame or anger. * '  In the streets of St. Augustine today  one occasionally catches a glimpse of a  type of American beauty that fairly takes  the breath away, and again, he sees traces  of that type in so many other faces that  he unhesitatingly attributes them all to  the same source.   There are only a few  pure blooded Minorcan women left in this  country, but, the blood of these ancient  tlaves has mingled with that of the noblest southern families and perpetuated  in a degree a beauty that is now rarely  seen.    What the creole  blood  has done  for so many women of New Orleans, the J  Minorcan blood has accomplished for the i  inhabitants of Florida.     The   wondrous  eyes, the regular, classic features, and the  beautiful hair are all worthy of the Greek  slave���their real prototype.  The story of the Florida  Minorcans  is  interesting, dramatic, tragic.   They were  the lirst slaves brought to this country���  aud white slaves at that!   They suffered  the horrors of a slavery which was unregulated   by law,  and  which   would have  made the scenes in "Uncle Tom's Cabin"  commonplace.-   This  white  slave  colony  existed in the south only nine years, but  in that length of time enough sorrow and  misery were compressed to Jill a century.  The coming of the Minorcans, and their  subsequent slavery, was iu thiswise:   In  1707 a certain captain Andrew Turnbull  obtained a grant of 00,000 acres in Volusia  county,   Florida,   and    named    it   New  Smyrna.    Florida had just been ceded to  Great Britain, but it was so thinly settled  that a small empire might have been built  up in  the  middle countries without attracting any attention from  the English.  Captain Turnbull sailed for the Mediterranean after securing title to his land,  and proceeded to dazzle the people of the  Grecian isles   with his fair  descriptions  aud  promises   of his New  Smyrna.    He  was not the first exploiter or adventurer  to   misrepresent   the   wonderful  climate  and products of suuny Florida.    He was  so successful   in his   persuasions  that- a  colony of 1500 men, women, and children,  chiefly Minorcans, was induced to embaik  with him for the new land.    To make the  promises seem  more real, captain  Turn-  bull offered to carry the colonists to their  new homes free of cost, and clothe and  feed them for six months.   If at tixe;.end  of that time any were dissatisfied  with  the  conditions   of  their  new  home   he  would  transport them  back  to Europe.  But to those ,vho desired to stay he would  present fifty acres of land aud twenty-five  acres thereafter to every child born.  What inducements could be fairer than  these, fully set forth in the contract.  Men and women of noble families joined  the expedition aud left pleasant homes  behind them. But the prospects of the  future home were more alluring than  those at home, and the innocent Grecians  and Minorcans cast in their lots together  and started for the New Smyrna.  They had a rough  passage across the  seas, and some of the old and feeble ones  died, but the rest took heart when  they  were   actually   landed   on   the coast of  Florida.   Everything seemed to be as represented, and the colonists started in to  make New Smyana one of the finest homes  in   the   world.   They   erected   palmetto  huts, and labored diligently in the fields  for their master.    It-was not- long before  they found that they were in the  hands  of a crafty  man, whose sole purpose for  bringing them over was to force them to  create wealth for him.   They  were in  a  strange   hind, far,   far   away   from any  civilized  town or village, aud thousands j  of miles a way from their own countrymen. '  They were soon reduced to the level of ���[  the negro slave, arid'foreed to labor in the :  fields from early morning until night tin- i  der the control of heartless  white over-!  seers.   The immense plantation was soon  brought under cultivation, and Turnbull  realized a princely income from it.   The i  Minorcans realized nothiug but a pitiable j  living.     No land was ceded  to them, no ;  profits   were   given   to   them���not   even \  wages.     A  small  quantity of food  was \  doled out to them and they were forced !  to eat out of a common bowl.   For nine (  years   they  toiled   hopelessly   for   their ;  cruel master, but, in spite of it all, their l  spirit was never actually broken. |  They were subjected to the lash on the |  slightest provocation.    The women were i  whipped publicly while in a nude condi- j  tion, and no indecency was too great or ;  horrible for them to endure.    They were j  half starved and many of them actually '  died for lack of proper food.    No Greek  slave   of   classic   history   ever  appealed ;  more   strongly  to the sympathies  of   a  world   than   these,   beautiful    Minorcan  women lashed to the stake, while the executioner's whip was laid upon their bare  bodies.  But there was to be an end to all this.  One night the whole colony escaped from  the plantation and wandered through the  almost impassable swamps of Florida to  St. Augustine. They arrived there in  time���000 strong, all that remained of the  1,500���and, throwing themselves upon the  mercy of Gov. Tonyn, they were protected  from their former master. Turnbull sued  for his alleged rights, and a special court  was organized for the trial. Attorney-  General Vounge appeared in behalf of the  Minorcans, and they were made legally  and morally free. Since then their descendants have lived in St. Augustine or  the vicinity, and it is almost impossible  to induce any of them to return to the  scene of the former slavery. Today their  strikingly handsome faces attract the attention of visitors to Florida for their  beauty, while fresh and new to America,  is as old as history. ,  INFORMATION   ABOUT   GREECE.  Facts in a Nutshell About tho Little  Country  Now FlKhtinjf Turkey.  It has a population of 2,J.S7,20tt.  It is called,"Hellas" by its people.  The mean temperature of Greece is 01  degrees Fahrenheit.  No part of Greece is 10 miles from tho  sea or ten miles from the hills.  About one-half of the population are  agriculturalists and shepherds.  It has an area of 21,077 square miles.  Jt is the only country in the world  whose armies are provided with the Gras  guns and paper covered cartridges.    .  The Greek flag is a white cross on blue  around���the Bavarian colors and the  Greek cross.  . Greece is more thickly populated than  any other country, in Europe, with the  exception of Sweden and Prussia. .  It lias few rivers and many hills? None  of the former are navigable, and many of  the latter are fortified.  Tts present boundary limits were determined by an arrangement between Great  Britain, France, Russia and Turkey, concluded at Constantinople on July 21, LS32.  Only about 70,000 of the inhabitants  speak any other language than Greek,  and only about 20,000 profess any religion  other than the orthodox.  The chief characteristics- of the average  Greek are his inquisitiveness, fondness  for excitement, love of discussion, desire  for knowledge, an aptitude for learning,  and aggressive patriotism.  The climate has two striking peculiarities���the heat in summer and the' cold in  winter are far more intense than those of  any other country in the world lying in  the same latitude.  the Yukon territory. The'capital of the  company is to be a million pounds, in  shares,of jCl.each, of which 750,000 will'be  pref erence -sha res. These preference shares  are to lank first for dividends up to 5  per cent. If the profits do not reach that  figure the 250,000 ordinary shares receive  no dividend. The ,comp?iny also seeks  power to issue bonds to the amount of  i*10,COO.per mile upon its railway. As  previously stated, the company wants a  guarantee from the government on a million and a quarter dollars at S per cent.  A New Typewriter���Made by a Canadian F|rm.-  We Inive had the pleasure of looking over the New  Empire Typewriter, a Canadian made machine, and lind  it a marvel of simplicity tlirotiKli which the makers claim  durability. The types strike direct, moving only two  ' inches on a steel bed, giving speed and great manifolding  power. ��� Kuch type at time of writing i.s locked, ensuring  perfect alignment. The writing is visible doing away  with the lifting of a heavy carriage; the touch is easv,  the response (|uick and the type cio not appear to lock.  Ruling vertical and horizontal may be done on it and the  price is less than half that of other standard machines.  So confident are the makers of the success of theii machine they will refund the money of any unsatisfied purchaser after a ten days' trial. The Thomson Stationery  Company of Vancouver and Neloon are to be congratulated on securing the general agency for IJ. O. The machines seem to us to be at the tup in merit and bottom in  price.  Spokane Falls :& Northern,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard,  Bed Mountain Railways.  Tlje only all rail route without change of cars  between Nelson ar,d Pcf-sliuid, ar^d  Spokane ai\d Rosslaqd,   '    *  DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAYS.  Leave  7:30 a. in,.  10:30 a. m  9:00 a.m..  ....SPOKAXE.,  ...HOSSLAND.  Arrive  ..(5:30 p.m.  :3:25 p. m.  .XELSON 5:20 p. Ui  IT THE  Passengers for Kettle River and Boundary Creek con->  ncct at Marcus with stage daily.  ���������-���~~���������  . ������_______________________________  Columbia & Kootenay Branch  CANADIAN   PACIFIC   RAILWAY.  No. 3 1 Xo. 1 STATIONS Xo. 21 Xo. I  17:00  17:15  17:30  17::V>  18:15  fl:30 Leave Xelson Arrive 14:15  9:15     ��       Kootenay ,,    14.C0  10:00     I.     ..Forty-nine Creek..    ���    13:15  10:-S     ,i       Slocan        ���    13:02  11:15 Arrive Robson Leave 12:30  21:15  2..C0  2(i:4f  20:20  19:.*.0  AKERY  Trains Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 1 run Tucdays,.Thursdays, and  Saturdays.  No. 1 connects with steamer for Trail Creek.  No. 3 connects with steamer for Arrowhead. '  No. 2 awaits arrival of steamer from Arrowhead.  No. 4 awaits arrival of steamers from Trail Creel'.'  Close connection at Nelson with steamers to and from  lake points.  ' J- HAMILTON", Trainmaster and Agent.  Kaslo & Slocan Railway.  The best place in Xelson for all kinds of fancy cakes  and confectionery. Vienna Tarts, .Macaroons, Lady  Fingers.  The making of wedding cakes a specialty.  J3est bread made in Xelson, delivered to any part of  the city.  To regular boarders and transients the Vienna Restaurant oll'crs an excellent table at reasonable rates.  Steel Supports in Coal Mining.  The use of steel props and  girders iu  coal mines, while of comparatively recent  date, has sufficiently demonstrated their  value to foreshadow their more general  use.    The old-time  timber support  was  more cumbersome and less durable, it being but the question of a short time when  the moisture of damp mines rotted out  the supporting timbers.    This process of  decay.frequently resulted in supports unexpectedly giving way, involving serious  hazards both to life and property.    Kven  close and   rigid  inspection  would  sometimes fail to detect danger, thus adding  to to the hazards never missing in even  the best located and  sentineli/.ed mines.  It is claimed by miners of long experience  that the steel prop of modern times has  largely., minimized this class   of   hazard,  and that in the points of economy and security the metallic support has its special  claims.    Some practical evidence of. this  was recently given in an able  paper on  the "Use of Steel Girders and. Props in  Coal Mines," by E. F. Melly, Great Britain.   From the statements made, the fol-  lowingtfacts are given in, evidence of the  merits claimed  for  metal  supports:   At  the.Griff colliery steel girders had been in  use since ISSo.    In the hist ten years, out  of several   thousand   put   in   place,   but  twenty had given  way, and out of. 835.  props used, in a period of  nine months,  but 11 had been lost.    In the recovery of  girders where deeply imbedded and more  or less danger attending their removal,  out of -30(5, but four were lost, and in a  period of six years only 2*5 needed removal  to be straightened.    In the discussion following the reading of the paper, opinions  were divided as to the respective merits  of steel  or  timber under certain  conditions.    In some cases  the  steel   bar had  snapped,  in others it had "bent, and the  effects of corrosion were more or less menacing.      Weakness,   however,   had   been  more strongly marked where old rails had  been  used  instead of the  properly constructed girder, the tact being developed  that in steel, as in timber, the conditions  of utility and  security depended  in   no  small way on the practical' intelligence of  the builder and user.    In certain circumstances, the steel   girder   was   available  where timbers could not possibly be used,  and in the long run in spite of the heavy  initial cost, the steel  girder proved  the  cheaper of the two.    It is evident from  the opinions of practical men that each of  tlie two types has its special fitness i'or  certain   conditions,   but   that   the   steel  girder and prop has a future in coal  mining operations is a  foregone conclusion.  As the supply of the right kind of timber  declines,  and   the cost of  its substitute  goes down the scale, the opportunities for  the steel girder will broaden and add an  important factor to the growth and permanence of the iron and steel industries.  JOHN HUMER, Proprietor  fHE TREMONT  nsnELsonsr  MALONE & TR^GILLUS, Proprietors.  DAILY SERVICE.  Leave  8:00 a  ,m Kaslo An vc  3:50 p. m.  ii  8:30 a.  m South Fork     ���  3:15 p. m.  M  U.3Ga.  m ;.Sproule's     ,,  2:15 p. m.  11  9:51 a.  m Whitewater     ,,  2:00 p. in.  II  10:03 a.  m Bear Lake     i,  1:18 p. in.  II  10:18 a.  m McGuigan     ���  1:33 p. in.  II   '  10:30 a.  m Railey's ,.    ���'  1:21 p. in.  II  10:39 a.  m Junction   1:12 p. in.  Arrive  10:50 a.  m Sandon Lea\ e  1:00 p. in.  R. XV. I3RYAX. Superintendent.  ROBERT IKV1XG. Trafllc M  anager.  Is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district, and  is tho headquarters for prospectors and miners.  QRAND  VIEW HOTEL  FEEDEEICTOIT  TOAD MOUNTAIN  D. T. MORICE, Proprietor.  Excellent accommodation furnished the traveling public  Prospector's and miner's supplies kept on band.  Eugene B. Frankel  GRADUATE  OPTICIAN  International Navigation & Trading Co.,  LIMITED,  STEAMERS INTERNATIONAL AND ALBERTA  ON   KOOTENAY   I..VKK AND   KIVKl:  Time Card in efl'ect February 1st, I8'7.   D.iilv except  Sunday.   Subject to change without notice.  Leave ICaslo foi Xelson. Ainswortli, Pilot Bnv.  'Balfour and way points ". .5:30 a.in  Leave Nelson for Kaslo, Pilot Boy, Balfour and  way points    IM0 p.m.  Close connect ion at Five-mile Point with all passenger  trains of tho X. & K. S. Jt. It. to aud from Northport.  Rossland and Spokane.  Throimh tickets Fold at lowest rates and baggage  checked to all United Stales poinK  GEORGE ALEXANDER. General Manager.  Kaslo, January 30th. 1SS7.      Head Ollice at Koslo, B.C.  Xi i.:_:_.-..  Certificate  of  the  Registration  Company.  of a  Foreign  'Companies Act," I'a in- IV., and  Amending  Acts.  'GERMAN   MINING   AND   MILLING   COMI'AN V," (KO KKIGN.)  IT yon have trouble with your eye��. or your glasses  don't suit you perfectly, call upon him. No cases too  dillicult.    .Examination free.  Xelson ollice in Jacob Dover's jcwelery store.'  Kaslo olliee. Front street.  MUSIC  LESSONS  Gold..   ........Si on  Silver...".......      1 00  Lead   ........   1 00  Copper   .-....... ���_> 00  /Mrs.    Morley   is   prepared    to  receive pupils for piano, violin  . or organ.     For terms  Apply to Thomson Stationery Co., Ltd,. Nelson  VICTORIA ASSAY OFFICE  28 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C.  Gold and Silver .......��1 50'  Lead and Silver   1 50  Copper, Silver, Gold.. 3 00  Other metals on application. All samples to be sent  carriage paid and clearly/marked, and to be advised-by  otter enclosing charges. ���'''.--���  SHERIFF'S SALE.  Province of British Columbia, Nelson. Wost JCootennv,  to-wit: '  By virtue of a warrant of execution issued out of the  supreme court of British Columbia at the suit of George  James Findlay. John Henry Durham and John Henry  Brodie, plaintill's, and to nie directed against the good's  and chattels of Henry K. Croasdaile, defendant, I have  seized and taken in execution all the right, title and interests of said defendant Henry K Cnns-dailc in the mineral claim "Saddie." situated in the Slocan mining.(lis-'  trict, and recorded in the mining recorders ollice at Xew  Denver. B. C, to recover the sum of thirty-three thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine dollars and three  cents (.*:_3.7!'!).U**I, amount of said execution, berides. sheriffs poundage, costs, and all oilier legal incidental expenses, all of which I shall expose for sale, or Milllcieut.  thereof lo 'satisfy said judgment debt, and costs, at the  front of the court, house, Xel.-.on, on lhe I5_.li day of .May,  A. D , 1807. at the hour of eleven o'clock in the forenoon.  Xotk: Intending purchasers will satisfy themselves  as lo interest and title of said defendant.  WILLIAM P. ItOBIXSOX. IJepulv Sbcrill'.  Dated. Xew Denver, April 27th. IS!)".  Notice   of Application   to   Purchase   Land.  Notice is hereby given Unit I. Kdward John Powell,  intend to apply nt the expiration of sixl v days from the j  date Irjreof. to the commissioner of lands and works or  other proper ollleer. to purchase the following lands,  situate at or near Ouart/. Creek, Xelson divi.-ion of  Kootenay.  '   ' lUCSriUITION.  Commencing at the initial post at Ihe southeast corner,  llienee 10 chains due west, th"nce IKI chains due north,  thence forty chains due cast, thence (JO chains due south  to place of beginning.    Initial po-1. al, southeast corner.  ''"DU'ARIJ J. POWKLL.  Dated, this'.'Oth dnr of April, IS!)7. . | April 21th]  Registered the Ist day of February, 1S97.  T HEREBY CERTIFY. That 1 have this day registered  ���*-   the "German Alining & Milling Coinpanv" (l-'oreign )  under the Companies Act," Part I V., - Registration  of  Foreign Companies." and Amending Acts.  The head olliee of the said company is situated al the  City of Taconin, iu ihe State of Washington, U. S. A.  The objects for which (he Company if, established are:  To purchase, sell, lea.-e. locate, operate ami  nmimgc  mines and mining claims, andto cngiige in mining in tne  State of Washington and iu the territory and province < t  British Columbia; and to mine precious metals, iron. lind.  coal and all other minerals or metals and stone: to deal  !  in all products of such mines in any manner the ( oiu-  i  pany sees tit. or in the products of any other mine*: to  i  establish mill sites, build and operate mills. Humes, ma-  |  cbinery, rotineries. wharves and transportation lines on  j  land and water: to purchase, bold, sell, incumber and  !  convey property real and personal: to lay out townsiles.  .  build houses and to generally perform all things necessary to a general mining and  milling business in the  State of \\ ashington, and in  the province above mentioned.  The capital stock of the said Companv is $50,000 divided into TjO.OOO shares of the par value of SI each.  Given under my hand and seal of ofllee at Victoria.  Province of British Columbia, this'1st dav of February.  1S97. S. Y. VVOOTTOX,  |April 3rd.l Registrar of Joint Stock Companies.  Notice   of  Application   for   Certificate   of  Improvements.  TAMARACK    MINKKAI,   CLAIM,  SITUATU    IN   TUB   NII.SON  .MINING DIVISION  OK  WKST KOOTKNAY-' DISTHICT.   AM)  I.OCATKM AHOUT ONE AND  A   IIAI.K  MILKS NOKTII KA.-T  ,  CM'T" !���:  MOUTH  OF  WILD  IIOHSK CHKEIC.   AT   ITS   EN-  JVltAS   E  INTO SALMON  K1VKH.  Take notice that I, W. 1). Maekay, P.L.S.. agent for Ji hit  W. Ilannlen, free miner's certiticate Xo. 73.110. intend,  sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to the mining  recorder for n certiticate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of theabove claim. And  further take notice that action, under section 37, must be  taken before the issuance of such certificate of improvements. W. D. MACIvA V.  Dated, this       day of . I8H7. ��� [Mfiy l.-t.J  Notice   of  Application . for   Certificate  of  Improvements.  KUUKKA, CHICOUA, AND IIIDDKN. T_SKASl."RK MINFIM1.  CLAIMS, .SITUATE IN TIIK NELSON MINING DIVISION (IK  WEST -KOOTKNAV DISTHICT, AND LOCATE!) ON HALL  CREEK. .  Take_ notice that 1. Frank Fletcher, free miner's eertill-  calc Xo; 73,1)21, on behalf of injself and other owm-i-.  intend (JO days from tho date hereof, to'npply to the mining recorder for certificates of improvements for tbe  purpose of obtaining crown grants of I he'above clninis.  And further, lake notice thin action, under section i7,  must he commenced before the issunnee of such certificates of improvements'. FUAXK   FLETCHER.  Dated, this 2(ith day of February. 1SI7. |Mnr. (ith. J  Notice   of  Application   for  Improvements.  Certificate  of  ,' That Troublesome William.  Kmperor William and his brother  Henry are once more at daggers drawn,  tlie elder of the two being irritated beyond all bounds by the reports that he  was about to be placed under restraint on  the ground of'msanifcy, and that the government of the empire was to be intrusted  to a regent in the person of the sailor  prince.   A Company Wants the Yukon.  The British Yukon Chartered Company  is the name of a syndicate seeking enormous powers from, the federal government.  Besides authorizing construction of railways, running of steamers, and carrying  on mining, etc., itseekstn do postal and  police service for the Dominion government, compensation to be paid therefor  by a royalty on precious metals mined in  NOTICE.  I hereby give notice, that thirty days after this date, I  intend to imply to the assi-laut. commissioner of lands  and works for a lease, of this land (HiO acre-l for a term of  twenty-ono. years, for the purpose of opening up and  working a stone (|uarry. AKT1I I'll ASSEi.IX.  Dated at Pilot Bav. West ICootenav, this '.1)1 b diiv of  March, 1807. ______       ' IMareh 27lh.|  IIKSCHIITION.  Commencing at a post marked "Arthur Asselin's S.  E. Corner," on the west lm.uk of Crawford Bav about one  mile south of Crawford creek, thence northerly 10 chains  to a post marked "Asselin's X. E Corner." thence 10  chains westerly (o a post marked "Asselin's X. W.  Corner." thence II) chains southerly to a post marked  "Asselin's S. W. Corner," thence 10 chains easterly to lhe  point of commencement, containing Kin acres more or less.  Application for Liquor License.  Xoticc is. hereby given that the undersigned will, at tho  expiration of thirty days, apply to the stipendiary magistrate of Wc.-l Koolenay district, for a license to sell  li<|Uor b.v retail nt his hotel on Slocan river, half way between Slocan Cily and Slocan Crossing.  WILLIAM iMAHEIt.  . Dated this I'.'th day of April. I8��7. |April 21th|  NOTICE  Xoticc is hereby g[ven (hat the all persons having accounts against the Nelson Fire Department are required  to send same in immediately lo the undersigned,  CHARLES E. SEALEY. Auditor.  MOONSTONE AND HIGI1T UOWKH MINEUAL CLAIMS'. SI'I I"-  ATE IN THE AINMWOHTII MINING DIVISION OK Wl ST  KOOTENAY niSTHlCT, AM) LOCATED A1IOCT Tlllll.i:  OUAHTKHS OK A MILE SOI ."I'll OK LAHIH), AND ON 'I HE  WEST SIIOUK OK KOOTKNAV LAKE.  Take notice that I. .1. Merrick McGregor, acting as  agent for the Victoria Mining K Development. Company.  Limited Liability, free miner'scertiticate No.77..ilM. intend  sixty days from the dale hereof, to apply to the inlniig  recorder for n certilicaie of improvements for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant of theabove claims. And  further take notice that action, under section 37. must be  commenced before the issuance of such certilicaie nf improvements. J. HEK.RICK McGREGOK'.  Dated, this 21st day of April, 1897. |May !rth ]  Notice   of  Application   for   Certificate   of  Improvements.  THE TKNNKS.HKK MINKHAI. CLAIM. SITUATE IN THE Nl L-  SON MINING DIVISION OK WKST KOOTENAY DISTHICT.  AND LOCATED AHOUT TIIHEE AND A HALK MILKS  NOICI'H OK THE HKADWATI HS OK l)VMiT7. CKK.HC, A  THIIU'TAHV OK TIIK SALMON HIVKIt. AND ABOUT ONE  AND A OUAItTEK MILKS WEST l-'WIM THE NELSON _��.NI)  KlIIIT .SIIKI'I'AHD  KAILWAY.  Take notice that I. P. Wilson, acting a.s agent for the  Rosslnnd Gold Mining Company. Limited Liability, free  free miner's certificate Xo. 7!'.:'2l', intend sixty dnys from  the dale hereof, to apply to the milling recorder fur a  certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a crown grant of tbe. above claim. And 'further take  notice that action, under section .''7. must be commenced  before the issuance of such certificate nf improvements.  P. E. WII.SOX.  Dated, this Ith day of May, IS!)7. [Altiy Otli L  Notice of Dissolution of Co-Partnership.  Xoticc is hereby given that the partnership heretofore-  existing between A. H. Clements and A. E. Lett, carrying on the business of ho'elmen it: Ihe cily of Nelson, nt  the Merchants hotel, is this day dissolved by mutual  consent.  The business of the former partnership will iii future?  be carried on bv A. II. Clements and II. J. Mori in. of  liegina. * A.  II. CLEMENTS.  Witness: A. E. I.OT'I'.  .Iekkkhson Davis.:  April 30th. IS!I7.  RR____nenrnif8_e_B  Kn_n___bn*_E____  ��nyuu��i'__^_iti_muu __4w__uu_u_--MnjMl��l��^^^ THE  TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, MAY s,  181)7.  ���ai  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP,  J. C. Blandy, who has resided in different portions of Ivootenay district for the  past five years, has taken a two years'  lease of the Outlet hotel at Balfour.  ��� A meeting of those interested in reorganizing the Nelson band-will be held, in  the fire hall on Monday evening at 7:80  o'clock. If it can be arranged the band  will give an open air concert in town  prior to,accompanying the Nelson excursionists to Ivaslo on May.2-l.th.  Wednesday's train from Nelson to  Quartz Creek carried nearly $3,000 worth  of Nelson merchandise to tile residents of  Quartz Creek. The activity all along the  N. 6c F. S. railway is having a noticeable  ell'ect upon Nelson's trade.  Alderman Fletcher and John Tolson  made a flying trip to the new town of  Quartz Creek this week and put $5,000  into Quartz Creek realty. The townsite  has been surveyed into 80-foot lots, Corners bring from I$-100 to $.300, with $800  for inside lots. There are nearly 500 people living in and around the townsite.  , Sieve Bailey, the well' known Slocan  mining men, is credited with having got  away with $-1,800 fiom a faro game in the  Coeur d'Alene club rooms in Spokane  Wednesday evening. At the same sitting  Barbarian Brown won $700.  Rev. Robt. brew's Scotch talk on Burns  proved a drawing card, in the Presbyterian church Tuesday evening. From the  lecturer's remarks one would gather that  there was only one Burns and only one  poet.  The Odd Fellows of Nelson have chartered the steamer International for their  annual excursion to Kaslo on May 21ch.  The Nelson brass band has been engaged  to accompany the excursionists. Fine  weather is all that is needed to make this  a very enjoyable trip. Fare for the round  trip, $1.50; children uuder lo years, $1.  Tickets are good to return the following  day.       "  It is announced that the deal which has  beeu pending between an English syclicate  represented by Evans, of 'Vancouver, and  the owners of the Idaho, Alamo and Cumberland mines and tlie Three Forks concentrator and tramway, has been closed.  The papers have not been signed yet, but  tlie intending purchasers have agreed as  to the price and have had a satisfactory  report upon the property. _  The Nelson Sawmill company is inviting  tenders for the delivery at the company's  mill, of 2,000,000 feet of logs to be taken  from the company's limits. Tenders are  to be delivered at the company's office not  later than 12 o'clock "noon on Saturday  May 15th.  QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY  The Nelson Electric Light Company, Limited, .offers one thousand  shares of its capital stock . at par, $io per share. The proceeds will  be used in increasing" the. company's plant, which is now running* at  its full capacity. The company has issued eighteen hundred and  seventeen shares of its capital stock, and its earnings are now over  $400 per month net, sufficient to pay 12 per cent on the capital invested,   besides placing  10 per cent  in  reserve for betterments.  The plant is operated by water power, and the capacity of the  present works is about 1200 lights of 16 candle power. The intention  is to increase the capacity to 3000 lights of 16 candle power. -The  net earnings from each light is now 35 cents per month, and the expense of operating each  light 20 cents  per month.  The company's management expect to install 1000 additional  lights before-October ist of"this year, and estimate the net earninjrs  from each light will be increased to 40 cents per month and the expense of operating each light will be reduced to 15 cents per month.  Based on this estimate, the net earnings of the*> company will be $S8o  per month,  or over 30 per cent on   the capital invested.  v- r.  All the shares so far issued are owned by people who are property owners, in Nelson, and only two of the shareholders are nonresidents. '  Applications for shares will be received by the undersigned on  the following terms: One-third of the par value to be paid on allotment, one-third in thirty days,  and  one-third  in sixty days.  JOHN HOUSTON,  President Nelson  Electric  Light Company,   Ltd.  Nelson,   B. C,   May  ist,   1987.  A carload of Stoves and Tinware, two carloads of General Groceries,  a. carload of Ogilvie's Hungarian Flour and meals, a large consignment  of Crockery and Glassware, and have to arrive in a few days a carload  of, Wire Nails (which we quote at specially low prices), and a carload  of Mixed Groceries from, the east. A few specialties just in: Patterson's Cream Sodas, Lovegrove's English Jellies in tins-the finest in the  world-California Bar Sugar, Jams and Jellies in pails at 75 cents and  $1 each. A large consignment of Fancy Biscuits, "Schilling's best" Tea,  extra fine quality, Snider's and Blue Label Catsup, Creamery Butter in  1, 2, 5, and 10-pound tins. Also a supply of Garden Seeds and Lawn  Grass.   Miners' and Prospectors' supplies a specialty.  CORNER BAKER.AND JOSEPHINE STREETS, NELSON.  wqers  desire to say that they are siot holdm  public auction sale of lots in Slocan City  !i  :|l!  Call on or Write  /\ny auction sale advertised  is conducted by outside purchasers.  FLETCHER, Trustee.  Novelties  '1  Dress Coods  Novelties  in  Cloves  The Oddfellows of Xelson- Koolenay Lodce Xo. Hi  I.O.O.V.���will hold tlieir lil'tli annual excursion Lo Kiislo  on Monday. May ���-'Mil. Tlio steamer International hits  been eliarlered for tho occasion.  The Queen's J'irtliduy celebration committee of Ivaslo  litis arranged a lir-t-i-Iass programme, including Caledonian sports, music cl.tncinff. horse raeiiiK. hoaL racing,  ���and minors'drilling compel iiion.  Tickets for tho round trip���good to return next day���  from Nelson: Adults, 81.50; children under 1.1 years SI;  from  Ualfour, Pilot. Bay. and AiiiMVorlli, SI.  Meals served on lhe boot, al oil cents.  Moat will leave cily wharf. Xol��on. at 8 a. in., and  returning leave Kaslo al 7:'IU p. in.  The Nelson brass band  will accompany the excursion.  Committee: A. I'". Lett, W*. Hodson, li. U. Arthur, .1.  Johnson. W. .1. McUrath, anil S. P. Shaw.  STOCK FOR SAL  We have opened up a larg-e collection  of Spring* Novelties, comprising* Dress  Trimmings, Laces, Veilings, Gloves,  and Hosiery. We are also showing* a  splendid assortment of choice desig-ns  in Fancy, Printed, Brocade, Ombre and  Shot Silks. These g*oods are suitable  for blouees, dresses and trimmings in  every fashionable color.  V  A Magnificent line of Scotch Tweeds and Worsteds, and West of  England Trouserings, suitable for spring* wear.  A special feature of Fancy Worsted Suitings.  BAKER STREET, NELSON  100,000 shares of stock in the Hansard  Gold and Copper Mining Company.  50,000 scares in the Kootenay Development  Company.  100,000 shares in the White Grouse Mining Company. -  Kor further information apply lo  R. E. LEMON, Nelson, B.C.  .  .   Clements it liillyer block.  . SHERIFF'S SALE.  Province of Hritish Columbia, Nelson, West Kootenav,  .   to-wit: ' i    ���    .  . Hy virLue of a warrant of execution issued out nf the  supreme court of Hritish Columbia aL the suit of Ceorge  James Kindlay. John Henry Durham and .lolin Ilenry  Jirodie, plaintiffs, and Lo me .directed against the goods  antl chattels of Henry K. ('roasdiiile, defendant, I have  seized and taken in execution all the right, title and interests of said defendant Ilenry K Croasdnile in the mineral claim "Caddie." situated in the Slocan mining district, and recorded in Ihe mining recorders ofllee at New  lien ver, li. (.'., to recover the sum of thirty-three thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine dollars and three  cents (S'l.''.7!'*'.l''i). amount of -uid execution, berides, slier--  ill's poundage, costs, and all'other legal incidental expenses, all of which 1 shall expose for sale, or sufllcient  thereof lo satisfy said judgment debt, and costs, lit the  front of the court house, Nelson, on the 15th day of May,  A. I) , 181)7. at the hour of eleven o'clock in the forenoon.  NO'ii:: Intending purchasers will satisfy themselves  as to interest and -title of said defendant.  WILLI A.M P. I.OHINKO.N, Hcpulv Slicrill*.  Dated, New Denver, April ..7th. 1K'7.  ITELSOlsT,    IB.   O.  Men's  Spring  [���leckwear  We are just placing in stock the finest line of READY MADE CLOTHING  ever brought into the city  Lawrence Hardware Co.  DEAI.KUS  IN'  The above sale has been postponed until further  notice. W. P. ROBINSON*. Deputy Slierill'.  Nelson, May 8th. IS'J7.  Notice of Application to Purchase Land.  Notice is hereby given thai sixty days after date. 1  shall make application lo lhe chief commissioner of lands  and works for permission to purchase three hundred and  twenty acres of land in West Kootenav district.  '  A. J. MOUAT.  Nelson, Ii. C, May Ith. R)7.  Iil-.SCHIITIO.V.  Commencing at a sl.dkc planted on the north bank of  Ivootenay river twenty chains west of I.he mouth of  (rrohmaii creek, and known as "A. .1. fi. Mount's southwest corner." thence north eighty chain*, more or less,  thence east forty chains, thence south eighty chains,  more or less to the ICootenay river, thence along Iho  bank of said river forty chains, more or less, to the point  of commencement..  NOTICE OF TENDERS.  Tenders are invited bv the Nelson Sawmill Conipanv,  Limited, for the delivery at their si wmill of ���_',(JO'),(IOil feet  of logs, to be taken from the limits of the company.  Sealed tenders to be delivered at the compmy's ollice  not later than Saturdav, .May liit.h, aL 12 noon.  NKLSON SAWMILL COMPANY, J,ti>.  HONEST WELL MADE GARMENTS  that will give satisfaction.  An entirely new stock of FELT HATS AND CAPS  ^ in the latest styles and makes  Sheif &t\6 Heavy Hardware;  Stoves, Crankeware,  Miners' Supplies  This  Weed's Arrivals  One Car Stoves    One Car Pipe  One Car IV[ixed Hardware    0n_e Car Nails  Building Paper, Loc^s at\d Knobs, Picta, Shovels, Anvils, Bellows  You are invited to examine the latest and  Having purchased for spot cash the entire stock of Men's Furnishings formerly carried by Fred Williamson on Baker Street,  I am "offering them at greatly reduced prices in order to clear  them off with a rush.    This is no fake reduction sale.    Call and  see the p*oods.  The stock is complete in even* line.  Baker and Ward Sts.        FRED    STEVENSON  Charles A. Waterman & Co.  Office:   Bealey Block, Baker Street, Nelson.  9  Baker Street, Nelson.  If so we can save you a clay's pay on Men's Working Shoes at $2.50 per pair.   We keep everything.  NOTICE   OF   MEETING.  The first general mooting of tlio Nelson Development  & Improvement ('ompany^ Limited, will lie held in (lie  olliee of it. K. Lemon, on .Monday. May 10th. fit 8 o'eloek  ji. in. li. K. LKMO.V. Secretary.  Auctioneers, Real Estate and General Commission Agents,  CUSTOM BROKERS AND NOTARIES PUBLIC  -������'s, 1  REAL ESTATE SNAPS IN NEW DENVER AfJD NELSON  J  BRANCH MARKETS   .   ,   .    .    .  Rossland and Trail, in Trail Creek District  Three Forks and Sandon, in Slocan District  Kaslo in Ainsworth District  ffl  e$  SB*  tag  ��������_.'��!__& **!  as-??  iTa-"''  ">-*S.��i_f.  0  1   ' i *    ii ���      1 _-__.-.*_��� _-C__   -*--! !!_��_--___��� -.! _��� ��� ��    ��� -   ��� -��� > ���" "^ �����_.*���*������   I   ��       - ������-   i Jii      i.     ��� . fci��..      - <���>..     1    .   * Hfcj ���> _���    _���* *. . __..!�� ������.���! ���*����� ����� . i   .     _ib     ���  Prepared to supply consumers with everything' in the way of fresh and eured meats.  Orders by mail carefully filled and promptly forwarded.  * ,"-��� J,-�� *'*'������ *t^;!*.y-*y^*- ���* ��� ^r^^-Xy^^K������'U^ ���i'V1'"*-*.^ .v>-lo-';--1S*- �����'.' -?'>^*bi>?* .- r.4.�� ii:. .* *i ��>;o-'<��::-.^',*,.^v  i -'���(.&������������  i' v at


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