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The Tribune 1894-07-28

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 6fcl) 94  Provinoial Library  KOOTENAY  Presents art; Unequalled Field for the Developer  of  Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,  Silver,  Copper, Lead, and Zinc, as Well as for  the Investor in Producing Mines.  ^vJ  IJV  iVK  /  lh  7<W,  V  AUG 4   181  Xs^rORIA,_B^>  Already Completed or Under Construction and  Steamboat   Lines   in   Operation   Make  the  Mining   Camps  and  Towns   in   Kootenay   Accessible   the   Year   Round.  ft  SECOND  YEAR-NO. 36.  NELSON,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, JULY 28,   1894.  ONE DOLLAR A YEAR  BUSH FIBES BAGINB IN.. SLOGAN.  1  THREE     FORKS,     BEAR  AND   WATSON   IN  LAKE  ASHES.  CITY,  The Loss in Property Fully a Hundred Thousand Dollars���-The People Saved Little More  Than the Clothing on Their Backs.  South Kootenay is having a run of hard  luck, and to all appearances the. majority  of its people will find themselves at the  end of the year in about the-same condition that Adam and Eve were when  driven from the Garden of Eden. Fire  and flood brought losses to every resident  of Kaslo, iind.now fire has wrought losses  to' every resident of Three Forks, Bear  Lake City, and Watson. .  About three weeks ago a fire star.ted in  4 the neighborhood "of the concentrator  that is being built on Carpenter creek, a  mile and a half below Three Forks. The  damage at the site of the concentrator  was not inconsiderable. The fire gradually worked up the creek towards. Three  Forks, and the residents of the town were  compelled to Tight it atintervals. On Monday last a high wind swept the fire'across  the North Fork, and several cabins built  between the North Fork and Seaton  creek ..were-destroyed. The wind, however, favored the town, and the fire did  not cross Seaton creek. On Tuesday morning it crossed Seaton creek, but during the  forenoon it was confined to the high bench  back of the postoffice and Carpenter's  old hotel. For a' time it was thought to  be under control, but along about noon  the wind changed and blew up Carpenter  creek, and a- building below, Wilson &  Burns's butcher-shop caught. Within  ten minutes half a dozen other buildings  were on fire, and till efforts to stay its progress were ineffectual.  John Vy'. Lowes, who is interested.with  W. A. Crane in the Three Forks hotel and  manages R. E. Leinonls branch store, arrived at Nelson on Wednesday, and the  following particulars were obtained from  him.    To  show  how   quick   the  flames:  spread,rhe says that when he saw that it  was useless to attempt to prevent the fire  from  spreading,  he  started   to  remove  goods from  the  store,   lie managed to  get   the   counter  scales,   two   cases  of  canned goods,  two stoves, and his bedding to the middle of the street, when he  was forced to run for his life, and only  saved what he had on.   The only one of  his neighbors more fortunate than himself was Mr. Foster, who ran the dining-  room in the Three Forks hotel.   He saved  most of his clothes.   Bert Crane and Herb  Pitts were each left with a pair of pants,  a shirt, and a hat, and Avhen Mr.  Lowes  started for Bear Lake he left Crane seated  onall the firm possessed���a barrelof whisky  that had been rolled into Seaton creek.  When 'about half a mile out from Three  Forks, he. met five head of beef cattle belonging to Wilson & Burns.    Lie,drove  them  back about 200 yards, when .they  were stopped by fallen trees on the road.  About a mile and a half farther on he had  to turn back, owing to the fire getting in  front.   He returned to a tunnel that Gorman West drove last winter,"and while  waiting there about thirty others came  up from the Forks.   Mr. Lowes and three  others .made  a  second   attempt  to  go  through to Bear Lake, but after going  about a mile were driven back   to the  tunnel by fire.   He then started back to  Three Forks along with E. C. Carpenter,  but when 'within half a mile of that place  they were cut off by the flames and had  to make for Seaton creek,  where they  found Brown and his pack animals and  Bill English and a 4-horse team huddled  together in a patch of weeds, English's  wagon- being backed into the creek. They  then worked their way along the creek to  the tunnel, arriving there .at 4 o'clock,  where they found George Hughes, who  had  managed to get through from the  Mountain Chief mine, he having followed  the creek  most of  the  way up.   Along  with Mr. Hughes, Mr. Lowes again started  for Bear Lake, but after making a mile or  so they had to climb the mountain side to  escape the lire.   The wind dying down,  they returned to the creek, and by leaving the road, managed to get through to  Hughes's headquarters camp, where, instead of finding what they hail been longing for���a good square meal���they found  nothing but ashes anil   the irons of the  best outfit of sleighs  and  wagons ever  brought into the Kootenay country.  At Bear Lake City, which is distant less  than a mile from Hughes's camp, they  found Gorman West and another man,  who had returned from Watson to view  tlie site on which Bear Lake City once  stood. Gorman had saved two bottles of  whisky and a bottle of wine, which to  keep cool lie had placed in the lake. The  liquor was sampled, and during its sampling it was learned that no inhabitant of  the place saved more than what they had  on, and only saved their lives by wading  into the lake. The men at Hughes's  camp, seeing the fire coining, hitched up  two 4-horse teams, and taking along six  other animals, reached Bear Lake before  the fire overtook them. There they hud  to unhitch, and saved themselves and the  stock by taking to the water. Lane Gilliam had his camp between Bear Lake  City and Hughes's, but he managed to get  liis pack animals in in time to saddle them  and run thein down the road in safety,  he himself riding up a trail to the Solo  mine to warn the men working there of  the danger. Hugh Mann had a l-horse  outfit at Bear Lake, which is probably  lost.   Tom Trenory and John King had  their supplies at Bear Lake, intending to  take them the next day to their new discovery in the dry ore belt. They lost  everything.  Between Bear Lake and Watson travelling was dangerous, one of the party  having his hat knocked off by a falling  tree. Watson was reached at 8 o'clock,  and the only building not in ashes'"was  Ed Atherton's cellar, in which was stowed  about five thousand dollars' worth of  'merchandise.' The pilgrims lunched on  pig's feet and tea and visited Mr. and Mrs.  M. D. Mahoney, who were camped in a  'tent; pitched on the shore of the."lake.  The sawmill below Watson was destroyed  and the in en working there saved * none of  their effects. Bell's camp escaped,, and  there Mr. Hughes stopped for the night,  intending to return to the Mountain Chief  the next morning. Mr. Lowes got to  Sproule's, and made McDonald's Halfway  house the next morning, where he mounted one of Lane Gilliam's pack animals and  rode into Kaslo.  Losses at Three Porks.' ���  The losses at Three Forks will aggregate $50,000. George Hughes lost a car-:  load of hay, a carload of oats, a carload  of blacksmith's coal, G000 ore sacks, a  bunk-house, a stable, and an ore-house,  and his total losses at Three Forks  and Bear Lake cannot be much less  than $20,000. Because of not hearing an  explosion,'it was thought that the ton of  powder and 1500 caps in Lemon's cellar  were saved, but on examination the  powder was fouucl to be burned. His loss  will aggregate $8000. The Galena Trading  Company will lose about $7000 in merchandise and buildings.   Pitts Brothers  lose about $-1000; and their loss is all the  worse through having recently brought in  furniture and household effects for their  families.   Crane & Lowes loss will be between $3500 and $4000.   They had lumber,  doors,  windows, and other material on  the ground for an addition to  their hotel  building.   C. Bowen's loss will be fully  $8000.   Wilson & Burns's loss cannot be  less than $4000, as they had in stock $2400  worth of bacon alone.   William Perd lie's  loss will be $1000, his slaughter house being saved.   He had $400 worth  of feed,  but had   closed  his   meat  market.   Mr.  Foster, who ran the dining-room of Crane  & Lowes's hotel, lost a $200 range  and  about  $400  in   furniture  and  bedding.  Doctor Aitken's lost, his drug store, and  George Plunder the finest  collection  of  mineral specimens ever collected in Kootenay.   Constable Sandilands is reported  to have lost $150 in money.   Mr. Wilson's  grocery  store was a total loss, as was  Weaver's    bath-house,    Mr.    and    Mrs._  Weaver only saving their lives by rolling  into the South Fork.   Two aged women  who ran a laundry at the crossing of Seaton creek   lost considerable money and  saved only a little of their clothing.   Ed  Thomas, who had seven tons of hay and  three and a half tons of grain stored, escaped loss through selling it a few days  before to the Inland Development & Construction    Company.     The   number   of  buildings destroyed is estimated at thirty,  about twenty cabins and shacks having  been destroyed by previous fires.  AT HEAR LAKE.  Bear Lake City had but few houses.  Gorman West's hotel was the main building. It was under lease'to M. D. Mahoney,  who lost everything. Fred Jarvis also  had a good log hotel building, and G. A.  Bigelow & Co. had come into possession of  tmothera few days before the fire. Lane  Gilliam lost about $1500 worth of feed at  his camp.  AT  WATSON.  The town  of Watson was made tip of  about  twenty frame  and  log buildings  and cabins.   Watson's hotel, Clark's restaurant,   Black's  hotel,   and Atherton's  store, were the principal business houses.  The total lo'ss at Watson and the sawmill  about half a mile from the town cannot  be far from $20,000.   Ed Atherton's horse  was  burned  within  twenty feet of  his  cellar. ______  The Latest News.  Pat Noonan arrived in Nelson on Friday from the scene of the fire. He'"was  in New Denver on Tuesday night, and the  people of that town had to fight fire most,  of the night. He says lie heard that the  body of a man was found at Three Forks,  but ;the report could not be verified.  George W. Hughes and Hamilton Byers  came in on the Nelson this morning. The  latter left New Denver yesterday morning. He says the fire made a clean sweep.  The wagon'road is impassable between  Watson and Three Forks from fallen  timber, but that men are at work cutting  it out, and that the road will be open for  teams in a week.  E. C. Carpenter of Three Forks left for  Victoria on Thursday, and will endeavor  while there to get orders to have the entire townsite cleared. It is not likely that  many buildings will be erected at the  Forks until such time as lumber can be  brought in over the Nakusp & Slocan  railway. Crane & Lowes have started up  in a tent, tind II. E. Lemon expects to be  selling goods within a week.  Various sums of money are reported  lost, one man losing-$500 lie had stowed  away in a trunk for safe keeping, and  another'party $150 that she had in a skirt  pocket in her bedroom.  The map on this page will give the  reader a fair idea of the lay of the country through which the fire raged.  By Telegraph.  Simioulk's, July 27.���-People are being  well provided for in the way of provisions;  sleeping quarters and blankets are scarce,  but none ."apparently.; suffering. There  are no lives lost as far as."known. A man  named Forbes was injured by a falling  tree at Three Forks, and the doctor in attendance believes he will die. Most of  the people have-gone to New Denver;  those that remain being camped at the  Slocan Star ore-house and at a point on  the wagon road east of Three Forks. The  buildings at the Alamo and Payne mines  were burned; the Alamo'''men escaping to  ���the snow, and the Payne men making a  close escape.  The men in the -'mountains- back of  Three Forks who noticed the cyclone  coming say it had the appearance of a  column of white heat rising a thousand  feet above the summits, and they thought  a volcanic eruption had taken place.  The people at Three 'Forks and Watson  keep up their spirits and  pluck.   They-.-  talk of rebuilding tit once.   The railroad  camps have been tfiore than generous in  tendering aid.  MINIM  NEWS   OF  THE   WEEK.  A  GROUP OF CLAIMS IN  LARDEAU  TRICT  SHOW  UP   WELL.  DIS-  Pumping Machinery Reported Purchased for  the Hydraulic Company that has Thousands of Dollars in Sight on Pend d'Oreille  River Bars- and Benches.  The distance from Sew Denver to Watson  is about ten miles  How Three Experts Were Deceived.  Mining men and miners have heard  more or less of the deal by which the  Bear's Nest group of claims, near .Juneau,  Alaska, were dumped on a syndicate made  up of English and Dutch capitalists.  Although the claims are in direct line  with the great Treadwell mine, which is  regular dividend payer, the underground  workings failed to strike the ore body.  On the surface, however, the ledge was  uncovered for several hundred feet. It is  charged tlutt the sale was accomplished  by gigantic frauds, and that James Tread-  well, John Treadwell, captain James Carroll, M. W. Murray, N. A. Fuller, and  George J. Smith were parties to the fraud.  The fraud was in treating the core from  the diamond drill with chloride of gold to  make a showingof rich ore. Thisdceeived  three experts sent out by the syndicate,  they reporting that the mine would yield  a profit of $1,000,000 a year. Suit has'been  commenced in tlie United Sttites district  court at San Francisco to recover $245,(KK)  of the purchase money paid. Tne amount  in vol veil and the prominence of the  parties to the suit will make the disclosures a sensation iu mining circles.  The mine was sold in 1887 for $2,500,000 in  stock and $1,500,000 in bonds drawing 7  per cent. The projectors of the same  have received about $000,000 in money.  The present owners are mainly residents  of Portland, Oregon, and they believe  that tho big tunnel on the property was  run over the ledge, where it had sagged in  following the formation of a surface depression. Anyway, they refuse to sell at  a high figure, saying the property is not  for sale. The property may yet be developed into as great a dividend payer as the  Treadwell.   An Oft-Recurring Excitement.  "Death-on-the-Trail" Proctor has start  ed another excitement on the Vahk, a  stream that empties into Kootenay river  a few miles above Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.  A dispatch from Leonia, Idaho, dated  the 23rd instant, says: "A great gold  excitement is now prevailing on the  Yahk. Every train is bringing in gold  hunters. J. W. Proctor, with a party  from Spokane, left Leonia Sunday morning with a pack train of 13 animals. Bonner's Ferry has lost interest in politicttl  affairs and has made a stampede for the  gold fields, a I most depopulating that j >lace.  Among the noted ones are James !_]. Dolaii,  T. Calahan, Mr. Casey, proprietor of the  Bonner house, and A. B. Barnes, the aspirant for joint senator of Kootenay and  Latah counties. Gold hunters are returning to Leonia station eager to get their  location notices recorded, and the deputy  recorder is doing a rushing business.  They report as high as $2 to the pan."  Rich but Par-Distant Gold Fields.  Big stories tire current of the richness  of the Coolgardie gold fields in western  Australia, anil particularly of one mine  in the district discovered by two young  adventurers named Bailey and Ford. The  former, while prospecting, found a 15-  ounce nugget sticking from a ledge in a  big mountain of quart/.. As quickly as  possible a claim was staked out, but in  spite of all precautions much valuable  surface ore was stolen before a proper  guard could be established. The monthly  output from the mine now amounts to  $40,000. From SO tons of ore picked from  1400 tons, $300,000 were obtained, and the  remainder of the ore is expected to yield  from $100 i > $120 to the ton. Out of 050  tons raised from a depth of 15 feet, 12  tons were picked, which yielded $170,(KK).  From another part of tiie mine 4 tons  selected out of 100 tons of ore yielded  $32,000. Other returns were: Five tons  from 250 tons yielded $10,000; 2 tons from  70 tons yielded $18,000; 4 tons yielded  $20,000; and 3500 pounds yielded '$10,000.  Some of the surface is so rich iu gold that  ounces can sometimes be nicked out ina  few minutes.    Down to tlie 50-foot level  only it is estimated that gold to the value  of $800,000 is in sight. It is as yet too  soon to speak about the prospects of other  claims which have been staked in and  around Coolgardie. Very few of them  have got beyond the prospecting stage,  although reports have been received of  some valuable finds, among which may be  cited a ledge carrying 10 ounces to the ton  and'the discovery of nuggets of 52 ounces  weight on a field 45 miles distant. The  population of the town was about 1500  some weeks ago, but since then has diminished in consequence of the terrible hardships which must be encountered there  owing to the climate.  Both are in Hard Linos.  Both the Spokane iv. Northern railway  and the men who tire working on it are in  hard lines. The loss to the railroad company through high water litis been enormous considering the length of the road,  and the company is hard pressed for ready  money with which to meet its pay-rolls.  The men are only paid $1.50 a day, and  are required to pay $1.50a week for board,  contracts to that effect having been entered into between the company and restaurant keepers at various points along  the line. This it is claimed works a hardship on the men, as many of them have  their own cabins, cooking utensils, and  supplies, and they could board themselves  at a cost of not more than $3 a week.  Killed While at Work.  Clarence Donoughue, who was working  alone in a small cut on the Surprise mine,  iu Slocan district, was killed about 0  o'clock on Sunday evening last. He was  found by a couple of men employed on  the Ruby Silver, a claim close by. His  death wtis caused by a quantity of dirt  sliding in, which smothered him, lis not a  bruise or scratch was found on his body.  The deceased was universally liked by his  acquaintances. His wife resided at New I  Denver.  Like Conditions Will Prevail Here.  The following from a Nevada paper indicates what will be the situation in the  several mining camps adjacent to Kootenay lake, once the smelter at Pilot Bay is  in operation: "Silver City is a little mining camp iu Lyon county, Nevada, which  is producing more gold than all the camps  hi the state combined, and yet it is a quiet  little place, seldom heard of outside the  state. Prospectors, mine owners and  lessees are takingotil ore all the time, and  having monthly cleanups that range from  $HXXU.o $|.",,(K��') for the work of two to  four men. List week the lessees of a certain mine cleaned up iu the neighborhood  of $3000 from 3.1 tons of ore, taken out and  sorted by three men in I he period of three  weeks. While this is an exceptional good  streak of luck, ninny others are making  comfortable stakes or good wages out  of their little mines. If tin; camp  was a thousand miles from habitation, in  Africa, Alaska, or some remote quarter of  the globe, men would Mock to it by hundreds, and capitalists would lend aid in  developing the'mines, and such yields as  was made last week would be heralded to  the world by lengthy cablegrams, etc.  But Silver City is iu Nevada. It is a quiet  little place; business men art! doing well  there, and some mine owners are getting  rich, while all are making good wages, at  least. It is a wonder to us that men looking for gold mines iu which to invest do  not visit Silver City and look over the  ground. There are mines for sale there  fit reasonable figures; the country is only  partly developed, and there is money in  any number of propositions in the camp."  Tho Nuinbor Might bo Incroasod.  Somebody has taken the pains to count  all the people who speak the English language and he has found just II5,(X)0,000.  Still there arc several hundred thousand  persons in the United States who have  never even tried to learn the language.  C..H. Reeves and J. F. Pasold have done  the assessment work ou the three claims  known as the U S group and the Gold Bug,  all'jidjoining and on the same lead.   The  ..claims are situated at the head of Galena  creek, between the Lardeatt and Duncan  rivers, about fourteen  miles from Trout  lake.   The ledge -crops out on each of the  claims and shows good concentrating- ore  throughout.   The ledge is from 7 to 20  feet in  width   by actual   measurement.-  The ore will average 75 per cent lead and  50 ounces silver per ton.   Nothing beyond  surface work has been   done,  but even  now. with transportation facilities, there  is an immense amount of ore available for  shipment.    Messrs.   Reeves  and   Pasold  represent a syndicate of Wallace. Idaho,  men, who expect to do extensive development work on the property next year.  The Record Office Will not be'Moved.  There is no truth in the report that the  record office is to be moved from Ainsworth, because of the vote polled at that  place for Hume. Ainsworth is so situated  that it is the most convenient place at  which recording can be done for three-  fourths of the mineral claims in Ainsworth  division. -The Davie government has  many faults, but it is not likely to allow  itself to be irritated against any town in  West Kootenay for any length of time  because of the vote polled at the election.  Will Take a Look at the Toughnut.  H. Stevenson, the mining man who  showed that the Number One mine at  Ainsworth could be made a profitable  property, passed through Nelson yesterday on the way to the Toughnut, a claim  on Morning mountain, seven miles southwest of Nelson. The Toughnut ore is believed to be a concentrating proposition,  and if it is, the claim is likely to be  worked, as it is owned by A. B. Hendryx,  manager of the Pilot Bay smelter.  Pumping Plant Purchased.  John H. Nolan, customs officer at Waneta, was in Nelson yesterday. He said  that general manager Goodhue of the  hydraulic company was expected in next  week from Rochester. New Vork, and  that it was reported the company had  purchased tt pumping plant of capacity  sufficiently large to raise water from  Pend d'Orielle river to work the company's ground at Seven-mile creek.  Two Good Dry Ore Showings.  M C. Veiimoerkerke, known among his  acquaintances as "The Major," is quite  enthusiastic over the showing in his two  claims in the dry ore belt, three miles  from Watson. On the London he has  from 4 inches to 1A feet of ore, from which  he has an assay of 800 ounces in silver.  The Third of July, a separate lead, produces 300-ou nee ore, the pay streak being  18 inches in width.  Searching for an Ore Chute.  ICd  Becker, instead of idling away his  time in Kaslo, is doing heroic work ou the  Montezuma and Mexico claims, on the  south fork of Kaslo river. He is working  till alone, and is not bothered with neighbors and is troubled with but few visitors. The surface showing of the "Montezuma is immense, aud Ed is now searching  for a chute on the Mexico.  Struck Ore on the Eureka.  McDonald brothers, .McPhee, and Moore  have struck the vein and ore in the lower  tunnel ran to cross-cut the Kureka vein,  on the ridge between Lyle and Bear  creeks, in Kaslo district. Pour men have  been at work developing this prospect for  over a year. The extent of the ore body  was not known at last accounts, as they  had just broken into it.  Gold Mining Near Nelson.  After many vexatious and expensive  delays, the Nelson Hydraulic Mining Company began piping on Forty-nine creek  this morning. A trial was made yesterday afternoon, and everthing worked  well. Nine men are employed. The Poor-  man mill on I'lagle creek is still running  day and night, the last cleanup being a  goid brick worth $IKXI.  Banished Minors Arrive in the Slocan.  Several of the men who were ordered  out of the Co-iir d'Alene country by the  Miners' Union have arrived in Slocan district, where they hope to pursue their occupations iu peace. Is it not a great blessing to be allowed to live ina free country?  Minor Mining  Cod  Notes,  enry i.oiiy is  foreman  on   the  Noble  Five I'laifii. I Ik: lowest In alllludc of ihe Nolile Five  Ki'oiip, which is hciiitf developed !<>' tlie pioneers who discovered tlie claims.  John (.'. Davenport and a crew of men  are ciiKiik'cd in iniinpiiiK water from the Darditiit'lles  mine, in Slocan di.-irlcl, preparatory to future operations.  K. B. Harding, after  two years'  pros-  prctliii,'. has uncovered ten inches of solid Kalona ore on  the ensL slope of .lack-on hii-in. Hi- claim Is called the  Falrv ew. and is one location from .lueksoii's Northern  Itelle group.  W.   II.  Taylor, as foreman, is working  six men on lhe'Itlue llird, iu Slocan district, for the  Wiinlil.iKt.on Mining Coiiipiiuv. They are lukiiix some  line union! of lhe lower luunel,  ��T?����Z^3^^  rrr;  .'PI'.'JU'll'IMUl  _> a. -u      _ ���  "���"',   ', ���(_. rV'rfVi'  "���'���l,l'__. "I 'L.'.'l J"MiUB.HMWJ��JH)J IIIIIII.KII  :m^S^^^^S^^^^^M^^^^^^k^^^^ms^^m^^mM^^M^mmmmmmmmsmsm^mas^Bs 9.  THE TMBUtiEi''-mSO JULY 28, 1894.  >,*���  4  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THE TRIBUNE is published on Saturdays, by John  Houston & Co., and will be mailed to subscribers  on payment of Oxk Dollar a year. No subscription  taken'for less than a year. '  REGULAR ADVERTISEMENTS printed at tho following rates: One inch, $8ti a year; two inches,  SCO a year; three inches SSI a year; four inches,  ��9(1 a year; five inches.'��103 a year; six inches and  over, at the rate of Sl.n0 an inch permouth.      ---  TRANSIENT ADVERTISEMENTS 20 cents a line for  lirst insertion and 10 cents a line for each additional  insertion.   Jiirtli, marriage, and deatli notices free.  LOCAL OR READING MATTER-NOTICES ia cents a  line each insertion.  JOB PRINTING at fair rates. All accounts for job  printing and advertising payable on the first of  evcrv month; subscription, in advance.  ADDRE'SS all communications to  THE TRIBUNE, Nelson, 13. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  DLaBAU, M.D.���Physician and Surgeon.   Rooms 3  ���   and 1  Houston block, Nelson.'.Telephone 12.  LR. HARRISON, U. A.���Barrister at Law. Convey-  ��� ancer, Notary Public, Commissioner for taking Alll-  davits for use in the Courts of Mritish Columbia, etc.  Ollices���Ward St.,'between "Baker and Vernon, Nelson.  f&tiV'f&iibmm  SATURDAY MORNING.  .JULY 28, IS9!  IS   IT   WORTH   MAINTAINING ?  A conference was recently held at Ottawa.   It was attended by delegates from  the colony of New Zealand, from the colonies in Australia, and from the colonies  in South Africa.   The object of the conference was to take steps that would tend  to solidify tlie British 'empire.   The question i.s one that concerns Canada.    But  Canadians should not allow sentiment to  control their actions, for sentiment cuts  no great figure in any question that concerns the-material .interests of the people  of the mother country.    Much will   be  said about the   advantages   derived by  Canada   through   its   connection    with  Great Britain, but when -stripped-of all  sentiment,  'what "material'.-benefit   does  Canada derive from its political connection with Great Britain?    Much is said  about  our  system of  government;   but  ���would the system be materially changed  were  Canada to sever connection  with  Great Britain?   The importance of  our  trade-with the mother country is held up  as another reason why the present connection should be maintained ; but would  the people of Great Britain purchase a  dollar's worth of Canadian products were  it not that they can be purchased, .to better advantage than the products of other  countries?   Being part of the British empire  makes   Canadians,   in   a   measure,  ' "'hewers of wood and d rawers of water"  for the people of the mother country, a  condition that does not tend to make'people either contented or prosperous. Then,  ���why.is the connection worth maintaining?  how on all the continents, at all the continental headlands, in all oceans, seas, and  the great gulfs Britain has her greatest  harbors and fortresses, her coaling stations, her ports of call, her islands easily  fortified. Her possessions in many instances are so located that they practically command the seas for thousands of  miles around them. Take Australia as an  example���a continent in itself. We may  not hear much of some of the ports of call  lying in the seas south of the Asiatic continent, and yet there are single ports in  those waters' at which millions of tons of  British and Canadian shipping call in a  GOOD   MUNICIPAL   HOUSEKEEPING.  year. The best part of Asia is Britain's.  She controls Mgypt and she practically  owns all of Africa south of the Equator  that is worth possessing; and when Egypt  aud South Africa are taken out of the  darkcontineiit there is nothing left. Every  island in the Pacific that is worth having  is British. The Dutch and the Portuguese who started out in the race for the  colonial extension practically disappeared  long ago. The Spaniards' doom came  early. Tho Germans and French, seeing  the success of England's efforts at colonization, have within the last twenty years  set out to overtake her, but they iind  little or nothing left for them to seize.  They came into the field one hundred  'years too late. All this vast imperial domain has come to the empire, primarily  in the interests of commerce; and it is in  the interest of commerce mainly that  these possessions have been developed  and in most cases Christianized. Christian tity has brought with it just government, so that a people once-brought under  a British flag never desires to return to  its former condition. The domains are as  much the possessions of Canadians as of  Englishmen. We have as much right to  be proud of them as the Englishman,  Scotchman;,'or .'Irishman has. They are  as much a part of the national heritage as  England or Canada is. When a disaster  to British arms occurs in any country  under the old Hag we mourn with the  whole empire'; and when any fresh acquisition of territory is made, do we not congratulate ourselves on the extension of  the national domain? This idea of imperial rule commends itself to our British  blood. It is born in Canadians as in British youth in the old land.  THE   ENGLISH   ARISTOCRACY.  ANOTHER   INEFFECTUAL  EFFORT.  The other day, in the house of commons at Ottawa, Mr. Mara made another  of his ineffectual efforts. The question  np for discussion was the proposal to increase the Dominion note issue. Mr. Mara  suggested that a mint be established in  Canada, in order that the product of our  gold and silver mines be coined into  money at home. But like all Mr. Mara's  suggestions���his attempts in behalf of the  interests of his constituents, like the attempts of all the other members from  British Columbia, never go beyond suggestions���no heed was paid it by the government. What British Columbia needs  in the Dominion house is not members  ���who offer suggestions, but members who  will make demands, and back the demands up with votes.  England's gold cinch on the commercial  and industrial countries with which she  has dealings is having its effect. Every  colony of the mother country is in her  debt, and the debt must be met, principal  and interest, in gold, a money that appreciated .30 per centiu the last four years,  Is it well for Canada to bind herself to  tightly to a country that is such acincher?  Final returns of the election in tlie east  riding of Yale district show the election  of the opposition candidate by a majority  of fourteen. The chief commissioner of  lands and works i.s therefore no longer a  political factor, and the province is none  the loser. __ _  The opposition will have at least twelve  members in the next house, and if they  are true to the people who elected them,  the province will be in no great danger,  even from the Davie government.  we  of the  if we  would  surely you  man whom  day he an-  I.v South Kootenay the leaders  government party say, "(_), well,  had had your candidate,  have elected him." Ves;  would not have supported a  you belittled from the first  nounced his candidacy? Nothing succeeds like success. l'Yed Hume, member-  elect, i.s a far different man from J��'rod  Hume, the candidate of the opposition.  Great Britain as a Colonizer.  A map of the world showing the British  dominions in a distinct color i.s an eye-  opener not only to foreigners, but to British subjects themselves.    An examination  of the census of the world, with special  reference to Great Britain's share of it,  adds to the marvel.    No one hits any idea  of the extent of the British empire who  lias not studied the map and census tables.  A further elucidation of the extent and  resources of the empire may be obtained  by  tracing on  a globe the great trade  routes of commercial shipping, and noting  Lord Rosebery and the Nonconformist Conscience.  In his inimitable way. Matthew Arnold  describes the English aristocracy as barbarians. He makes exquisite fun of their  passions for field sports and their geueral  indifference to culture. In his view, the  castles which dot English scenery were  not centers of elevating influences, but  were simply great fortified posts of the  barbarians. Today from their fortified  posts the barbarians will sally forth in  their thousands to make their annual pilgrimage to" Epsom, which may be called  the Mecca of the sportsman. Today's  gathering would deserve not a moment's  consideration from sensible people were  it not for the fact that it will be graced  by the prime minister of England.  The fact that lord Rosebery is not a barbarian makes his prominence at the Derby  all the more regretable.   By this time his  lordship should have sown his wild oats.  Toward young men who are bred in idleness people are usually charitable.   They  are not surprised that Satan should find  something for idle hands to do; but indulgent criticism ceases when a man occupying the first position in the state deliberately perpetuates a .form of  recreation  which, however innocent in itself, in its  influence is demoralizing in the extreme.  Mr. Chaplin talks of the necessity of improving the breed of horses.   What of the  breed of men! Today what will the Derby  be but the saturnalia of blackguardism?  Can anyone imagine Mr. Gladstone lending  his countenance to a sink of iniquity?   Is  it conceivable that the same mind can be  filled with the fragrance of noble resolves  while it is redolent of the turf and the  stable?   What a contrast between Gladstone cultivating Horace and Rosebery  cultivating his betting-book?   Mr. Stead  has just been telling us of lord Rosebery's  deeply earnest and religious nature!   His  religion must be a great depth indeed, for  never by tlie merest accident lias any of  it come to the surface.   Lord Rosebery  declares that he is not ashamed to own a  horse.   Quite so; but that is not the point  at issue.    What he should be ashamed of  is lending the weight of his name and influence toa form of sport which has been  long passed the stage of rationality and  has now become a species of insanity.  Besides, does lord Rosebery not see how  much harm the populace is done by the  barbaric   pleasures  of   the  aristocracy?  What i.s the use of an aristocracy if not  to lead the people at least in culture, if  no longer in politics?   The aristocracy of  England grow nervous when the democracy talk violently against the house of  lords.    If the aristocracy could manage to  exert a healthy social influence, their political inllueiice might be trusted to take  care of itself. It is because the aristocracy  have shirked  their duties, it is because  they have wasted their substance iu foolish  frivolity, that today they are a subject of  derision   upon   democratic platforms and tt mournful spectacle to thinking men.    It is time that what Carlyle  called the unworking aristocracy of England realized the fact that by their passion for horse racing and gilded pleasures  generally they are simply knocking nails  into their own coffin.   Nay, more; lord  Kosbery,    by  patronizing   demoralizing  amusement, is doing his best to weaken  the  influence of the working section of  the aristocracy.    The  fact that a man  like the prime minister has fallen a victim to the aristocratic weakness for gross  pleasures justifies the plain-spoken words  of   De Toequeville:    "Nothing   is  more  wretchedly corrupt than an aristocracy  which retains its wealth when it has lost  its power, ,-iikI which still enjoys avast  deal of leisure after it is vedueed to mere  vulgar pastimes.   The energetic passions  and great conceptions which animated it  hoietoi'ore leave it then; and nothing remains to if but a host of petty, consuming  vices,  which cling about it like worms  upon a carcase,"  German Cities Much Better Managed Than  Those of America.  Dr. Albert Shaw, at one time editor of  the Minneapolis Tribune but now editor  of the American edition of The Review of  Reviews, hasmadea very close study of  municipal government in Germany, and  he believes, that country has invaluable  lessons for America in the vexed'problem  'of-municipal reform. In the June number  of. the Century he doscribed the municipal  framework of German cities, with its system of administration, by. permanent, experts, lie follows this up in the July  number of the same magazine by telling  what this ..method-''of. municipal housekeeping enables the German cities to do  for their citizens.  in Germany, says Dr. Shaw, the community, organized ..centrally and officially, i.s a far more positive factor in the  life of the -family of the individual than in  America. It is the business of the municipality to promote in every feasible way  its own welfare and the welfare of its  citizens.  It is not strange that the American- observer should at first be most impressed by  the splendid efficiency of German city  governments in the prosecution of public  works and enterprises. This is largely  due, of course, to the superb and continuous organization of the executive administration. The burgomaster is actually  or virtually a life incumbent, and his  magisterial associates who conduct the  various departments either hold their  places by life tenure or else upon terms  practically as permanent.' Consequently,  it is possible to .'make long plans, to proceed without haste,'-to.distribute burdens  through periods of years, to consult  minute economies, and to make an even,  symmetrical progress that has far more  of tangible achievement to show for every  half decade than could ,be possible under  our spasmodic American methods.  Doctor Shaw does not content himself  with a general description of the methods  that are followed in Germany, but draws  his illustrations from the experiences of  particular cities. Prussia's advance among  European powers gave Berlin an immense stimulus, and a policy of bold ini-  titative was entered upon there. The  water and gas supplies, the streets, the  river Spree, the system of public education which had hitherto been largely in  clerical control, practical training, and  sanitary inspection, were all brought  under the direct charge of the municipality, and each was most carefully improved and its interests guarded..'  The shallow and sluggish Spree was embanked with massive walls, hanked with.  broad stone quays, aud dredged for heavy  traffic. Berlin had been drained in to the  river, but a new and elaborate system of  sewerage was adopted, now pronounced  the most perfect iu the world, and, so far  as physical form and conditions are concerned, the city's most notable achievement in municipal housekeeping. The  city was divided- into twelve drainage  districts, called '"radial systems," the divi-,  sions being arranged upon topographical  considerations. The sewers of each district were to converge at a common center  at which would be located a receiving  basin and steam pumping works. A tunnel was to connect each of these district  centers with the reservirs and pumping  works of a sewage farm some miles distant.  The farms were tracts of rather poor  and sandy soil; but laud was not cheap in  the vicinity of so great a city, and the purchase money reached about 1.5,U()U,UU0  marks. The entire plant cost nearly spytj,-  000,000. But the fertilizing value of the  sewage is so great, and the administration  of the farms is so superb, that within a  very few years the investment will have  become enormously productive.  Hamburg has long been in need of a  pure water supply, aud as it was compelled to draw from the Elbe, a complete  Alteration plant was undertaken. Tlie  new works were under construction when  the frightful cholera epidemic of 1SJ2  swept away thousands of victims. It was  demonstrated that the disease had been  propagated through the use of Elbe water,  and that iilteration would remove the  cholera germs. The new works were to  have been ready for use in 1804; but by  great effort they were completed and put  into operation iu May, .1803.  During last summer and autumn, the  river water, when introduced into the  subsidence basins and filters, contained  millions of cholera germs to the cubic inch.  As it emerged, and was supplied to the  city, the water was as safe and wholesome as if it had been brought from high  Alpine sources. The filtered water  averted the return of the epidemic in ISiJ.'-J.  Asa rule, the streets of German cities  are kept in a state of enviable cleanliness.  The central streets of all the leading German cities are thoroughly cleansed once a  day, at night or very early in tlie morning, in addition to which '���Hying columns"  of street cleaners are on constant day  duty to remove horse manure and other  accumulations. In the residence quarters  of most German cities it is still the rule  that street-sweeping is an obligation that  rests upon the property owners or occupiers.  About two-thirds of the larger German  ciiiesown and operate gas works as municipal enterprises. In the matter of municipalizing electricity, they have moved  somewhat slowly; but the marked tendency is toward the appropriation for the  welfare of the community of all advantages and prolits to be derived from the  distribution of light and power from central electrical stations.  The contract made between the city of  Berlin and the private company which  supplies it with electric light is, according to doctor Shaw, the perfection of  business lucidity and intelligence. It requires under heavy penalties, that the  area in which it may operate be fully  provided with main wires within a brief  period specified in contract. As compensation for permission (not exclusively) to  use the streets, it is agreed that the municipal treasurer shall receive 10 per cent  of the company's gross receipts; and, further, that whenever the company earns a  net profit of more than 0 per cent on its  actual investment of capital,' the city  treasury shall receive'25 per cent of such  excess profits in addition to its 10 per  cent of the gross income. Still further, it  is agreed that the company shall provide  public electric illumination at a price so  low as to be nominal. The city authorities retain the fullest rights of inspection,  both technical and financial, and all the  company's affairs are open to the knowledge of responsible public officials.  Doctor Shaw gives considerable attention to the housing of the poor in the  large cities, and the manner in which the  overcrowding of tenements is prevented  by wise regulations. Berlin's .sanitary  system has been growing more and more  perfect for years. There are splendid  hospitals-for the treatment of all forms  of epidemic malady, and there are also  disinfecting stations, with huge apparatus for tho treatment of clothing, bedding, etc., from houses where infection  lias boon found. Great municipal central  slaughter-houses and cattle markets, superseding thousands of private butcher  shops, are managed in such a way as to  protect public health. All of the foods  used for ordinary consumption arc officially inspected with great care.  As to the system of poor-relief, doctor  Shaw says': "Germany has not been satisfied, however, with the establishment .of  a more satisfactory method of poor-relief  than any other couiitryhas put into practice. It has seemed to German administrators and philantropists that the whole  modern plan of public aims ought to be  superseded by a system of publicly managed insurance against sickness, accidents,  permanent invalidism, and the feebleness  of old age���a system aiming at nothing  else than the ultimate abolition of poverty. Toward this ideal the Germans  have been very bravely and creditably  making their way for some years.  PEN   PICTURE   OF   EUGENE   DEBS.  of disturbance and issue a proclamation  for the suppression of rioting. It is not  more remarkable than the organization  of the first crusades under the appeal of  creatures "with wheels in their heads;"  it is-not more remarkable than the election of such .creatures as Altgeld, Waite,  Lewelling, and Pennoyer as governors of  Illinois, Colorado, Kansas, and'Oregon; it  is not more remarkable than the excitement created by the raving of Joanna  Southcote in England, of Joan of Arc in  France; the strike of .1894 i\t Chicago is  not more remarkable nor more cruel in its  details than the great draft riot of 1803,  which cost the city of New York some  $500,000, or the railroads riots in Pittsburg in 1877, or the John Brown raid of  1820. There seem to be times of popular  'insanity when a man or woman of no particular, consequence can stick their fingers  into the complicated wheels of a watch  and "make the wheels go round."  W. A. JOWETT  (Notary  Public)  Victoria Street,-Nelson, B. C.  Mining and Real Estate Broker  Commission and Insurance  Agent  He is Said to be  Unfitted by Drink for any  Position of Trust.  Eugene Victor Debs, whose name will  go into United States history as the great  end-of-the-century disturber, doesn't look  the part a little bit.   This man who tied  up the great trunk line railroads of the  country by a word, is enough like Bill  Nye in face and figure to be his twin  brother, anil Debs's resemblance to the  great American' humorist increases when  lie takes his hat off.   This will be news to  the public, who have read ail about Debs  and his doings, but have only seen his  picture in the newspapers printed from  the top button of his waistcoat up.   He is  six feet and one-inch in height a nil weighs  185 pounds.   Unlike Bill Nye, however, he'  carries himself very straight, and fails to  fit the definition of "loose-jointed."   He  doesn't look as if there was a pound of  superfluous  flesh under his  loose-fitting  gray sack suit, and so he isn't a fat man  or a thin man or a gawky-looking man,  ��� but simply a tall, plain-featured, healthy  looking  Hoosier, who   wouldn't  attract  special attention on the street, but who  would com maud respect anywhere at the  first intimation of a street row in his immediate   neighborhood.    His   nose  and  chin are straight, and his clean-shaved  face looks strong and full of character.  Like Bill  Nye he  wears glasses, and a  serious expression habitually, but when  he begins to talk his eyes brighten up,  his features relax and his face becomes  very animated and interesting all at once.  He has had a keen appreciation of humor  all his life.   His sense of the ridiculous is  keen aud he appreciates wit even when it  is levelled at himself.   So much for the  man.   As to his religion.   Mrs. Maillaux,  his sister, stated with emphasis:    "He  doesn't go to any church at all.   He's an  infidel.  We are a family of infidels, every  one of us.   Robert G. Ingersoll, whom we  all know and admire, is our only pope.  And that reminds me that Eugene's voice  is very like Mr. Ingersoll's, strong anil  powerful and very pleasant to listen to.  He doesn't make many speeches nowadays, but he is a very good talker.   He is  rather deliberate in his speech, as he is in  all his actions.   Eugene is the reverse of a  nervous man.   1 don't believe anyone ever  saw him in a hurry.   He's not one of the  fiery, impulsive kind."  The following is from the Seattle Post-  Intelligencer, and should be taken with a  grain of allowance:  The great strike is practically over.  Debs continues to pretend that it is not,  but Debs has become completely discredited and disillusionized with the honest labor of the United States. The utter  senselessness anil folly of his strike and  tlie extravagence of his language has  caused thoughtful men long ago to suspect his sanity, but now the secret is out;  it seems that Debs is a dipsomaniac. The  physician who two weeks ago treated  Debs for dipsomaniac thinks he cannot be  trusted, for early in this strike he sent  Debs's home in Terre  HEI'HHSENTING  The Confederation Life Association. The Phneuix Fire  Insurance Comimny. The Dominion Building & Loan  Association of Toronto, Kte.  MINES INSPECTED  AND REPORTED  UPON.  Several good lots in government townsites of New Denver and Nelson to be sold cheap.  Stores and ollices to rent at Nelson.  Tenant wanted for ranch on Columbia river near Hob-  son, or will sell.   Good opportunity.  LOTS  IN   ADDITION  to sell on easy terms.  it  A"  Apply nt once to  W. A. JOWETT, Victoria St., Nelson, B.C.  WILLIAM PERDUE  arkets  AT  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steam  boats with fresh meats, and deliver same at. any mine  or landing in  the Kootenay Lake country.  NELSON Office and Market, 11 Bast Baker St.  KASLO MARKET, Fourth Street.  WILSON  & BURNS  (Successors to Hums, Mclnnos & Co.)  Wholesale and retail dealers in stock and dressed  meats. Are prepared to furnish in any quantity  beef, pork, mutton, veal, bacon, and ham, at the  lowest possible prices.  Nelson, Kaslo, and Three Forks  ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.  C. & K. S. N. Co. (Ltd.)  TIME TABLE  NO. 4.  In effect Thursday, July 12, 1S9I.  Revelstoke Route���Steamer Columbia.  Connecting with the Canadian Pacific Hail way (main  line) for all points east and west.  Leaves Revelstoke on Tuesdays and Fridays at '.I a. in.  Leaves llobson on Wednesdays and Saturdays at 8 p. m.  Northport Route���Steamer Columbia.  Connecting at Northport for points north and south on  the Spokane Falls & Northern Railway.  Leaves Kobson Wednesdays and Saturdays at 1 a. in.  Leaves Northport Wednesdays and Saturdays at t p. in.  Kaslo Route���Steamer Nelson.  Connecting on Saturdays and Wednesdays with Nelson  & Fort. Sheppard Railway for Kaslo and lake points.  Leaves Nelson��� Leaves Kaslo for Nelson���  Tuesdays at 3 p. in. Wednesdays at 2:.'t0 a. in.  Wednesdays at 5:10 p. in.      Saturdays at. 2:30 a. m.  Fridays at 3 p. m.  Saturdays at 5:10 p. in.  Bonner's Ferry Route���Steamer Nelson.  Connecting with Great Northern railway for all points  east and west.  Leaves Nelson for Honner's Ferry, via Kaslo on Saturdays and Wednesdays at 5:10 p. in.  Leaves Kaslo for Honner's Ferry direct on Mondays and  Thursdays at I! a. in.  Leaves Honner's Ferry for Kaslo via Nelson on Tuesdays and Fridays at 2 a. in.  (his   telegram to  la u to:  "As your friend and physician I implore you to stop  where vou are. The condition of your nervous system  and the great strain upon It make you irresponsible for  your owii orders.   Yours in friendship, T. S. li."  "T. S. II." is doctor Thomas S. Robertson, of East Twentliieth street, New York  city, to whom, in April, 1892, Debs came  iu the lust stages of alcoholism. The doctor  examined Debs and found him almost  robbed of intellect iind will by his terrific  uleholie excesses. He treated Debs for  neurasthenia and dipsomania, and after  long and severe treatment he improved.  Debs went back to Terre Haute, and since  then has not seen doctor Robertson, nor  lias he written to him except once, when,  iu February, I8!W, he wrote to the physician thanking him for his treatment.  When Debs came to doctor Robertson he  was it physical and mental wreck; he  had steeped himself in drink. Doctor  Robertson says that for his own sake and  that of the people Debs should not Intrusted with the responsibilities he now  has. There is nothing remarkable that a  man of Debs's physical aud mental condition .should be able to paralyze great railway systems and throw several states  into such a condition of anarchy that tho  president of the United States had to concentrate the regular army at the centre  The company reserves the right to change this schedule  at any time without notice.  For full information, as lo tickets, rates, etc., apply at.  the company's olllcc, Nelson. H, 0.  T. ALLAN, Secretary.      .1. W. TROUI*. Manager.  Spokane Falls & Northern Railway,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway.  All Rail to Spokane, Washington.  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B.C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE  THE  MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE BAR  IS SUPFL1KD WITH TIIK RKST HRANDS OF ALL  KINDS OF WINKS, LIQUORS, AND C1GAHS.  Special Attention to Miners.  T'  Situate on Vernon  Street, Near Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  Its Guests can Obtain  Splendid Views  of Both the  Mountains and River.  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  THE ROOMS  AUK CONVENIENT AND  COMFORTABLE.  THE TABLE  IS THE   BEST'.IN THE  MOUNTAINS.  Special Attention to Miners.  THE BAR IS FIRST-CLASS.  HOTEL  Extensive improvements now completed makes  the above hotel one of the best in the city both  ���for transient guests nnd day boarders.     *   '  FINEST WINES,  LIQUORS, AND CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  IN  JOHN JOHNSON, Proprietor.  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  Is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district, and  is the headquarters for prospectors and  working .miners.  MALONE    &    TREGILLUS.   Props.  BAR.  Corner Stanley and Silica streets, Nelson. We are now  running tlie Stanley house liar, and will be glad to have  our friends and acquaintances give us a call.  DAWSON & CRADDOCK.  GOLD  AND   SILVER  EXTRACTION.  The Cassol Gold Extracting Co., Ltd., of Glasgow.  (Tlii! Mii��Art.liiir-KntTisit ('yiiiililu I'iwoss.)  Is prepared to negot'nte with mine owners and others  for the extraction of the above metals from the most refractory ores, and to treat and report on samples up to  one ton in weight sent to its experimental works, Vancouver.   All communications to be addressed to  W. PKLLKW-IIARVKY, F.O.S.,  Assay and Mining Ollices. Vancouver, B. C.  All kinds of assay mining and analytical work undertaken  Kootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  A full stock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry,  clear fir flooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  Leave 7 A.M.  ..NKLSON.  .Arrive 5:40 P.M.  On Wednesdays and Saturdays trains will run through  to Spokane, arriving there at Cv.'M P. M. same day. Returning will leave Snokimo at 7 A.M. on Werfuesdnys  and Saturdays, arriving at Nelson at 5:40 P. M.. making  close connections with steamer Nelson for all Kootenay  lake points.  Passengers for Kettle River and Boundary Creek connect at Marcus with stage on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays.  APPLICATION FOR TIMBER LICENSE.  Notice is hereby given that thirty days after dato wo  intend applying to the honorable the chief commissioner  of lands ami works for a special license to cut and carry  away timber from the following tract of land in West  Kootenay:  Commencing at a post marked Southeast corner post  of Nelson Sawmill Company's application for timber license, being the southwest corner post of Lot '-'.S2, Group  I; thence west IK) chains, inoro or less, to southwest corner  post; tlienco north )5ft chains, more or less, to northwest  corner post; thence cast IK) chains, more or leivs, to northeast corner post on western boundary of Lot'JiS, Group I;  thence south 150 chains, more or less, on western boundary of Lois 'W and Mi, (iroup 1, to place of commencement, containing IKK) acres, more or less,  For NELSON KAWiMILL CO,, LTD.,  W, N, Itou'i.;, Manager.  Nelson, II, C��� llltli July, 181)1. b  NELSON STEAM  SASH AND DOOR FACTORY  SASH. DOORS. AND WINDOW  MADE TO ORDKR.  -RAMKS  Estimates Given on Building Supplies.  TURNING, SURFACING, AND MATCHING.  Orders from any town in the Kootenay Lake counlry  promptly attended to.   General jobbing of all kinds.  RICHARD STUCKEY, Proprietor.     .  John M. Kkkkki*.  J amks K. Skai.k.  KEEFER & SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  Job teaming done.   Have several hundred cords of good  wood, which will be sold at reasonable prices.  I.KAVK   OW)l'KS   AT  J. F. Hume  &  Co.'s,  Vernon  Street,  Nelson,  Nelson   Livery Stable  Passengers and baggage  transferred to and  from tho  railway depot and steamboat landing.   Freight  hauled and job teaming (tone.   Stove  wood for Halo.  WILLIAM WILSON PHOPKIKTOU  ;_?��'_��__!.'-���  "___ ��''���__.  ��j ;���?,.  -���-���J uteri.  ��� ��� .^v .  ���"���tflef  i. *    H.  ���f'  sssr  aWOMMfciffl!BBMiW*ft_*^^ THE TRIBUNE j- NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, JULY 28, 1894.  ���B  ft  Capital,  Best,  all paid  up,    -  $12,000,000  6,000,000  Sir DONALD A.  SMITH   Hon. GKO. A. DRUMMOND,..  B. S. CLOUSTON    President  .Vice-President  (moral Manager  NBLSOKT   BR-A-ISrCIE-I  N. W. Cop. Baker and Stanley Streets.  ,        ItUANCIII'S IN    ������  LONDON  (England),  NEW TOEK,   CHICAGO,  uiid in the .principal cities in Canada.  Buy and sell Storling Kxchangc and Cable'^^Transfers.  .0KANT'cOMMKItOIAfi AND TKAVULLKItS' OUI'DiTS,  available in any part of the world.   :  DUAKTS ISSUKI); COLLECTIONS MADK; ICTC.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  RATE OF INTKRKST (iit present) 3J Per Cent.  CAPITAL  AND   ORGANIZED   LABOR,  \i  The War Between Men and Money is on���How  ��� -"'������ Will it End?  ' Though this railroad strike .is.racking  and; cracking the edifice of. social order  for- tlie moment and frightening everybody who can't sec much beyond his nose,  it is.sure to do the country dot's of good.  J write this on Friday, and before itap-'  pears in print there may be bloody rioting.  Some blood has been shed already in Chicago and more will Be. There ought to be.  Such cowardly and ferocious brutes as  those who are stoning men to death,  wrecking murder and havoc to the extent  of their opportitnities deserve to be shot  in the name of civilization and manhood.  The law is being broken everywhere by  the'strikers in some degree. No lawyer  can in the law's name defend the work  of those at Oakland and Sacramento, for  example, who have drawn the fires of the  locomotive.Sj pulled "scabs" from the engines and blocked the tracks. Any hour  may bring a deadly battle between the  strikers a nd the military. There may be  arsons and lynchings and furious riots,  iind finally martial law and conquered  .peace, secured at an awful cost of life and  property. But whatever happens tlie  ultimate result will be good for the republic. It is merely one of the many  battles that must be fought in the war  for the supremacy of men over money iu  the government of the American republic.  As for the original cause of quarrel between the railway companies and their  workmen, that lias ceased to be of importance to anyone who perceives the deeper  meaning of the struggle. The> masses of  men whose sympathies are on fire for the  strikers care little, "and know still less.  about Mr. Pullman's business affairs. He  may speak the truth when he says that he  cannot afford to pay the wages demanded  by his mechanics or'he may' be lying. As  he is a millionaire' philanthropist, the  chalices are that lie is lying, but it doesn't  matter. He only serves as an occasion  for another trial of strength on an unusually large scale between labor and capital���between the people and organized  wealtli. On that issue nineteen out of  twenty of the people of the United States,  whether they live by. manual labor or not,  arc', I believe, with the strikers. Plenty  of rich men side against the associated  corporations, because plenty of rich men  have brains and hearts, and are Americans  in thought and feeling.  This being a republic based on manhood  stiff rage, the country's welfare depends on  the condition of tfie working majority.  When they are hard up and discontented  there can be no prosperity, no peace,  Good wages mean good times, and good  times are necessary to the political and social health .of the United States. The interest of the republic, therefore, is with  labor in its perennial .struggle to force  better wages from capital. Jn this view  it is well not to ignore the original cause  of quarrel that lias brought on this frightful indttstral war.  It was not because the railroad companies knew or cared any more than other  people do about Mr. Pullman's wage-paying ability that they refused to cut out  Pullman cars from their trains. Their  right to control absolutely their properties was challenged and they followed the  instinct and traditions of capital by denying the right of labor to dictate to it in any  degree. This position i.s commonly defended by an appeal to abstract principles  and by a terrifying showing of logical  possible consequences. Thus: Has not a  man the right to do as he pleases with his  own? Ancl.il' dictation .is yielded to in  one instance does it not follow that there  will be no end lo the arrogance and exactions of labor?  The answer to capital's question is  found in another: What is best for the  common good? This is a practical world,  aud is not governed iu accordance with abstract principles. If it wove, andcapital'K  claims were granted, it would be fit lor nobody to live in save capitalists. Vy'hether  one be a capitalist or a laborer he i.s still a  member of organized society, and has obligations to thatsoeiety which transcend his  pci sonal good when that good implies general harm. No civilized man has a right to  do as he pleases with his own, and no hian,  as an actual fact, is permitted to enjoy that  privilege. Society, expressing its will in  law, Cakes such share of the individual's  property as it deems necessary for its own  use; it decrees how he shall dispose of his  property at his death; it takes his land,  with or' without his consent, for public  purposes; it takes even his body if it  needs him for a soldier, and cheerfully  sacrifices his life against his will on the  field of glory. If men were allowed to do  with their own as they please���if, as Mr,  .Huntington insists, ownershrpueeessarily  cari'ics with it unlimited control���the  owners of the land of this country could  by combining and refusing to let the rest  of us live on it, drive'us all into the sea.  The law does indeed now permit the individual laud-owner to evict his tenants,  but should a landlords' trust���or pool���be  formed the hiw of human need would rise  superior to statutes, and remind the landlords that the law is made by men for men  and not men for the law. Similarly, when  the allowance of associated capital's claim  in other directions assail the common welfare, capital's claiu.s won't be allowed,  statutes or no statutes. ,   :  Neither is- it a logical world, as Mr.  Huntington, when writing for the press,  assumes. Logically, it follows that if  labor be given the power to dictate to  capital in something it will dictate to  capital in everything. Practically, labor  will do nothing of the kind. The way the  wealth of the country is apportioned insures capital against its logic. Laborers  are many and capitalists are few, and we  have manhood .suffrage.. By a simple vote  labor could confiscate capital. Why  doesn't labor."'do it?- For reasons enough  to fill a book, but principally'because the  laborers, on the average, are decent men  with just instincts. Moreover, they are  able to look.-ahead a bit, and self-interest  has weight. And then, their intelligence  is not high enough to enable thetn to combine as a unit for political action, good or  bad. Intellectually, the ordinary trade  union is not superior to the ordinay chamber of commerce.  ���.���Familiar, twaddle to the contrary, the  relation of capital and labor is, under  present industrial conditions, necessarily  one of war.; They must be partners in pro-,  ditction, but when.it come to the division  of the product eacli gets only what it can  extort from tlie other. Labor fights forever for a large share of .what it produces  with ca pi Lai's help, and capital fights forever to make that share .smaller. Neither  scruples to make use. of any means at  hand to gain its end. But when either  resorts to means that -imperil that order  which must be maintained if we are to  have civilization, the law, designed for  the security of.all, steps in. And the law,  of course should bean impartial arbiter.  Is it?  Theoretically yes, but actually the law  has become the most powerful and most  unfair weapon that capital possesses .for  use in its never-ending fight with labor.  There is no such-law-breaker as capital,  but its lawlessness is not of the kind that  openly imperils the peace or undisguisedly  assails life and property. A man who  steals a coupling-pin is a thief, and so is  the man who steals a railroad; but while  tlie law supplies a policeman for:the first,  the second controls the appointment of  the policeman and numbers him among  his servants. Whatever the form of government,'wealth has always been able to  shape legislation in .its' interest. The  whole struggle of^democracy, which has  overturned tli rones and orders of nobility,  is directed against this law-making power  of wealth. ���'���'���'���,���  There is no justification in law or morals  for the violence done to person and property by the railroad strikers. The railway  owners are quite right about that. But  one law is not more sacred than another,  and capital's horror for the illegality of  labor's conduct just now would be more  impressive if capital itself possessed that  respect for law which it demands' in  others. Two wrongs don't make a right,  but the adage what is sauce for the goose  is sauce fen' the gander has never offended  the fowl that was not undergoing the  saucing. If workmen are engaged in conspiracies in .restraint of commerce by dividing trains and obstructing tracks, it is:  well that the law should disperse and  punish them. But when the railroad  owners meet and enter into agreements  that have the same result, where is the  law? -The troops were never called out  because the Southern Pacific entered into  a conspiracy with the Pacific Mail Steamship Company to close the ocean to the  commerce of California.  The iaw was swift to seize-and jail the  men who stole the use of traius.for a few  hours during the Coxey excitement, but its  arm i.s not long enough to recover the railroads stolen outright' and in permanence  by the men who appealed for protection  against the Industrial Army. Until the  law is impartial and able to pierce golden  armor as well as rags respect for it will  not be erected into a religion among practical men, even in a country where in tlie  last analysis the people.are themselves to  blame for the law's-imperfections.  The law is just which secures to a rail-  road company freedom from molestation  and to every citizen the privilege of taking  work where he can find it. Nevertheless,  just as the law is, and so well obeyed under  ordinary conditions, it i.s undeniably true  that every locomotive that moves i.s a victory for capital in this strife, and every  mail, who takes employment with the companies is a deserter from labor's ranks to  the enemy. Therefore the temptation of  tlie strikers to ignore tho law is human  and enormous. It is net in human nature  to feel reverence for a law that, however  fair and necessary in principal, happens  for the occasion to serve as a bulwark  from behind which your enemy may pepper you in safety.  I am not defending the infractions of  the law, but 1 decline to sit at the feet of  chronic and stupendous law-breakers for  instruction in the beauty and holiness of  obedience to the statutes. Statutes for  the protection of property were not enacted by the people of California for the  benefit especially of the Southern Pacific,  that it might employ them in times of  strike as weapons wherewith to fight its  men and commit outrages upon the public greater a thousand-fold in property-  destroying consequences than all the outrages that its rebellious employees are  likely to commit at its expense. The veneration for the letter of the law that exalts the corner of Fourth and Townsend  streets just now exceeds the awe of the  ancient Jews for the Ark of the Covenant,  and quite equals the noble reverence for  technicality that inspired the republicans,  when, in l<S7(i, rather than infringe upon  the sacredness of the forms of law, they  felt compelled reluctantly to steal the  presidency of the United States. The  gospel of the moment in the tents of the  corporate Israel i.s that civilization must  go up if one law goes down. The books  are heavy with sleeping statutes, and  San Francisco has more inoperative than  active ordinances, yet civilization and  this city are doing quite well. Even Mr.  Cleveland, who has lent the army to the  railroad companies under pretense of enforcing the Postal and Interstate Commerce laws, felt himself at liberty to suspend the Geary law for the deportation  of unregistered Chinese, because he didn't  like it. Yet civilization withstood the  shock.  This, as I have said, is not a logical  world. The point I am making���and it  needs to be made to clear the minds of  "leading citizens" and other little men, as  well as to reassure the quailing hearts of  Lhe timid���is that because a law which  expresses a general rule necessary for the  well-being of society is broken on occasion,  it does not follow that the general principle will be forever discredited and society  crumble. The need of making a living  and the cowardice of men will keep society together. It is possible to think of  worse things than breaking of laws���even  good laws, when they serve bad men for  bad purposes. Mankind has made its political and social.' advances by breaking  laws. -This-republic itself is the fruit of  illegality of the, grossest kind. The venerated fathers of '70 were strikers and  rioters. Washington was a rebel, Jesus a  disturber. \  The sympathy of the people is not given  the railroad strikers because their acts,  taken in detail, can be defended. Men who  are shocked by the deeds of'meanness,  brutality aud destruction of the mobs that  ���have been dragging firemen from engines,  beating others and terrorizing workmen  whose needs cause them to. take��� em ploy-'  .meiit, yet hope for the success of the  strike; men who feel that life under the  Huntingtonsand Pullmans and Carnegies,  with Olney and Cleveland as their official  representatives, is preferable to life as it  would be under the labor unions regnant  ���I am of that number myself���nevertheless, are glad that this struggle has come.  .'Thoughtful men in general side against  -the ra il.roads for reasons that are patriotic  and infinitely higher'than any bearing on  .a question of wages���side against them to  the point of revolution, should need be.  However rough the methods of the strikers���however distressing to lawyers, professional and lay���the result of the strike  cannot but be well for the country. There  .is an all but universal perception of one  great fact, and that, perception accounts  for the countenance given the strike by  multitudes whose associations and immediate interests are not those of the manual  laborers.   This is the grandfact:  Money has gained too much power in  the republic.  The plutocracy have gone too far, grown  too avid of privileges, lost conscience, humanity and public spirit, and become un-  ��� bearably arrogant, greed y and oppressive.  They have become the owners of both the  political1 parties, and the"federal government" is theirs, whether the- Republicans  or Democrats be in office. It is apparent  that dollars and not men rule the United  States, and manhood rebels. That is the  whole story.  The Southern Pacific is typical. I need  not recount to Californians the faults,  offenses and crimes of the men who have  formed, and form this corporation. Their  fortunes are stolen; they have robbed  the people of their property through the  years, rotted our political and business  life, purchased the power of the state's  government in every department, legislative, executive and judicial, and have  reigned over us with an insolence that  matches even their rapacity. They have  .made our laws and held themselves above  the law's authority. They have denied  us the right of a republican form of government, for they have been more powerful than the constitution bequeathed us  by the men who fought for what is in essence the same cause that is in issue in  this strike���with all its accompaniments  of lawlessness and gross outrage���the  causeof manly liberty.  It may interest not only the social philosopher, .but the suffering citizen of 1894, to  ���inquire whether conditions for which they  are not responsible have produced the  plutocracy. They may be no more criminally greedy, duly insolent and unmindful of the obligations of American citizenship than; most men would be in their  places. Modern invention and the resulting tendency of capital to concentrate in  a few hands may have produced them,  and therefore we should hold ourselves,  who have the ballot, and not them, to account for the plutocracy's existence. But  the living fact is that they exist and oppress. The plutocrat is here and the  fruits of his presence are bitter. He is  what he is, no matter how he came to be,  and we 'have had more than enough of  him. He must be put under the control  of the law if the republic i.s to last and  men are to lead men's lives.  Is it wonderful that Californians in uniform have refused to shoot Californians  out of uniform for the sake of these men  of the Southern Pacific because tho law  reads that railroad trains shall not be molested and that property must be protected? As against the letter of the statutes stood in the minds of the citizen  soldiers the whole lawless, painful and  shameful history of the Southern Pacific.  .Justico'and common sense tire not without counsel in the court of equity.  Men are being shot down in Chicago as  I write. If good men, clear-headed men,  approve that shooting it is because they  know that authority must be upheld at  all costs once it is challenged-���either that  or anarchy, if the rebels are not sufficiently strong to aim at revolution, livery  life taken is a red line in the indictment  which is being drawn against wealth that  knows no social responsibility, that is too  greedy to heed morals, too stupid to make  concessions for the public good, and too  accustomed to power to doubt its ability  it retain its grasp upon it. In our plutocracy we have the dancing and arrogant  Prench nobility on the eve of the revolution over again, without that nobility's  root in a thousand years of usage and its  prestige of caste.  The war between men and money is on.  I am not of those who believe the decisive  battle is now to be fought out, and with  arms, though in that I may easily bo mistaken. No man dare say whata situation  like the present may bring forth. Kvents  may shape the issue clearly. If they do,  then the revolution for strong as money  is,   its  strength   is   as  a  child's   when  The Mines of the  Great. Slocan District  are all within  a few  miles of New Denver,  the celebrated  Mountain Chief being  less than  two miles distant.  The townsite is  acknowledged to be the  prettiest  in the whole  Kootenay Country.  Investors and Speculators should  examine the property  offered.  To allow Ppospeetops9 Miners, and  Mining Men to acquire ground oil  wMeh to build homes, lots wM  in Blocks 58, 59, 60,61,62, 74, 78, 79,  and 83, in the townsite of NEW DEN-  VER, until Oetober 1st next, at the low  price of One Dollar a Front Foot ($25  a Lot).   Terms cash.   Title warrented.  matched against that of a roused people.  It may be that the reign of money will  not give way to a reign of men and Jaw  without an armed combat, but I have yet  hope in the potency of the ballot.  It took many battles to win the war between the states, but at last came Appomattox. The surrender of the slaveowners there insured the perpetuity of  the Union; in this war between money  and men there will also, I think, be many  battles, but there will come another Appomattox and a surrender of the slave-  makers, which shall give guarantee that  the Union will be worth preserving.  Arthur McEwk.v.  99  AND ALL  KINDS  Talks Business.  Kaslo Times, 21st: "Acting upon instructions of the proprietors of The Times,  it is our duty to inform the patrons of the  paper that its publication will be discontinued after the next issue, July 28th, and  the plant moved elsewhere, unless measures are adopted in the meantime which  will make its continuance possible. It is,  perhaps, unfortunate that printers and  editors arc obliged to subsist the same as  other mortals, and in order to do so must  rely upon the patronage of the public. It  is tin fortunate for Kaslo that the nropri-  etors have found it necessary to take this  step. We believe if the business men and  citizens generally would fairly support  the paper- -not as a charitable movement  but as a business proposition���it could be  made self-sustaining, and thereby obviate  the necessity of its suspension. >Ve trust  some means' may be devised b fore too  late for its retention. The manager of  The Times will be pleased to meet any of  our citizens that feel interested and talk  the matter over and see if some plan cannot be agreed upon for its further publication."   A Famous Texas JuHtlce-of-the-Peace.  Charles Merritt Barnes, the Texas jus-  tiee-of-the-peacc, who made himself famous by overruling the .supreme court and  deciding theSuuday law unconstitutional,  had for his first case a minor civil suit,  furiously eon tested by the opposing counsel, After listening patiently to all the  lawyers had to say, lie turned to the jury  and'charged them: "Gentlemen of the  jury: Vou have heard the argument of  'the1'counsel for the plaintiff; if you believe what he says, you will find a verdict  for the plaintifT, Vou have heard the  argument for the defendant; if you believe what he says, you will Iind a verdict  for tho defendant. Hut if you believe, as  I do, I'll be blowcd if I know what your  verdict, will be.   Take the case."  HOISTING AND POWER  PLANTS FOR MINES.  CORRESPONDENCE   SOLICITED.  The Jenckes Machine Company  SHERBROOKE, QUEBEC.  AIR COMPRESSORS  OK  TIIK  MOST   KKKK.IKNT  AM)   KCO.VO.MIOAI.  TVI'K.  "SLUGGER" AND "GIANT"  AIR   DRILLS  FOR   MINES.  SKNIl   KOI!   ('ATAI.Olll'K.  The Canadian   Rand  Drill  Company,  SHEBBEOOKB,   QUEBEC.  HritUli (Vilumliifi AKmicy:   CM Cordova Htrci'l, Vi.nrotivc.r. Ka-lcrn Agency :   Hi Victor!.i .S<|imn\ .Moiitrciil,  The Pulsometer Steam Pump  The Handiest, Simplest, and Most  Efficient Steam Pump  FOR   MINING   PURPOSES.  Pulsometer Steam Pump Company, New York, U. S..  m  ^.i-cj-*;*  aw .-  iv  m       ��� ���     ** ���   A  ��� *.' I -1     J  I    l"    "�����*��������J *  .�����  .'!' ���-._''_., ! __*_7__J_.'_",.-__:*_._  nnr;  T-T  ..1-  T7r  it���-;"��� ,"���:  ��� ��� '    v-  i- -is  ���-I-TT" ���.'TflE.TEIbtTNE:   KELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, JULY 28,  1894.  SOUTH   KOOTENAY   ORB   SHIPMENTS.  The secretary of the Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company reports  the following ore shipments/for', tlie week  ending Friday, July 27th:  Krom Ainsworth, via Bonner's Kerry���  507 sacks concentrates from .Number One  mine, consigned to Great   Kails, Montana, weight .'1   -. .50,885 pounds  18 sacks slimes from Number One mine,  consigned   to   Great   Kails,   Montana,  weight .'......��� ������....... ��� 1,250     m  Krom Trail, via Hevelstoke-^     .  20 tons ore from l.o Itoi mine, consigned to  to Tacoma, Washington.. ��� '.������  .10.000    n  Approximate value   LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  02.185 pounds  .SI 1,800. '  Si I  ver, G2tj  lead  $3.10.  ".Mm" Armstrong, generttl roadmaster  of the Columbia & Kootenay railway, was in Nelson on  Thursday for the lirst time in a year. He reported lifty  men at work repairing the road, and that the portion repaired i.s in belter condition than ever before.  Mrs.   Poster,   a   colored   woman  well  known in Kootenay, was found dead in bed at Nelson on  Friday morning, aud was given Christian burial tho  same day by her friends. The deceased was for several  years a chambermaid on steamboats on the upper Missouri river, and came from Kort Denton, Montana, to the  Northwest Territories during tlie construction of tho  Canadian Pacific railway. She followed the construction  of the road into Hrilish Columbia, and for a time made  her home at lllccillcwact and Hevelstoke, She came to  Nelson in 18S8.  It is tne duty of the people of Nelson to  render every assistance in their power to the people of  Three Forks. Bear Lake City, and Watson, who have  lost not only their homes, but all their clothing and bedding. A relief committee should lake tho '"work in hand  at once.  Dr: La Ban has gone to Spokane for  treatment for his eyesight, which is failing him.  Gold commissioner Goepel, as returning  officer, left Nelson for Victoria on Wednesday, Before  he returns ho will probably be empowered to leta contract for building the wagon road between New Denver  and Three Forks. A. 10. Modgins has completed the surveys, and reports that a good road can be built on the  south side of Carpenter creek, passing close to and below  the Mountain Chief mine. Two-thirds of the raise will  be between New Denver and the Mountain Chief. The  road will enter New Denver on the south side of Carpenter creek, and the crossing be made at Union street,  where the piers for a bridge are already in.  Arrivals:     G. M.  Leishman,  Victoria,  agent for Ogilvic & Co.'s mills; W. F. Salsbury, Vancouver, local treasurer Pacific division Canadian Pacific  railway; Dr. J. M. Lefevre. Vancouver; A. J. Murphy,  New Denver, from Black Prince mine, Lardeau district;  J. B. Wilson, Kaslo; A. W. Wright, Kaslo; Charles L.  Arnold, Watson.  James Wilson,  superintendent of  the  Canadian Pacific telegraph lines on the coast, was in  Nelson this week. He said he would have a wire through  to Kaslo next week, and through to Kcvclstoke in two  weeks. ������'',>���  HV'-H. Pitts, postmaster-and merchant  of Three Forks, arrived in Nelson this forenoon, coining  by way of Nakusp. He was wearing borrowed clothes,  as he did not save even a coat when Three Forks was  burned. He Says the end of the Nakusp & Slocan track  is at the head of.Slocan lake.  Trains are now running from Robson to  a point 2A miles below Nelson, where a transfer is made  to the steamer 'Nelson. The office of the company has  been moved back to the depot, and within ten days trainmaster and agent Hamilton will have everything in shipshape on the old reliable "jerkwater."  Joshua Davies left Pilot Bay for Victoria on Saturday, going by way of Bonner's Ferry.  Frank Fletcher, land commissioner of  the Columbia & Kootenay Railway Company, left Nelson  today for a trip to the coast.  A 20-pound box of peaches for ��1.50 at C. Kauft'inan's.  Notices That do Not Give Notice.  The following notices appear in the  British 'Columbia Official Gazette. That  either give notice is questionable, for no  one of them states the location of the  claim or the name of the town in which  is the office of the gold commissioner or  mining recorder. But there is likely to  be a change, now that the chief commissioner of lands and works has been defeated. His successor should be a methodical business man, one who will either  make a clean sweep in his ofliee or make  the present staff earn their salaries:  CERTIFICATES OF IMPROVEMENT.  "WESTEKN" MINKKAI, CLAIM.  Take notice that we, Hugh Mann and Robert Ira Kirk-  wood, free miners certificates Nos.51,7;'l and 51,-108. intend, sixty days after, the date hereof, to apply to the  gold commissioner for a certificate of improvements, for  the purpose of obtaining a crown grant to the above  claim.  And further take notice that all adverse claims must  be sent to the mining recorder and action commenced before the issuance of such certiticate of improvements.  Dated this 8th day of May, 1894.  TIIK SMUCCa.KK .MINKHAI, CLAIM.  Take notice that I, Thomas Elliot, free miner's certificate No. 52,435, intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the gold commissioner for a certiticate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant  of tho above claim. And further take notice that adverse claims must be sent to the mining recorder, and  action taken before the issuance of such certificate of  improvements.  Dated this Kith day of May, 1894.  THOMAS ELLIOT.  PIi.INCI-.SS MAY MINKHAI. CLAIM.  Take notice that I, A. L. Hogg, free miner's certificate  Xo. 23,317, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply to the gold commissioner for a certilicaie of improvement-', for tlie purpose of obtaining a crown grant of the  above claim. And further take notice that ad verse claims  must be sent to the mining recorder and action commenced before the issuanceof such certilicaie of improvements-.  Dated this 1st day of May, I SOI. A. L. HOGG.  The Appropriations Exhausted.  No more money i.s available for wagon  road making in the Revelstoke division of  the district. The wagon road started tit  a point on the east arm of Upper Arrow  lake and headed for Trout lake did not  finite reach Poole's cabin, and a short  trail was nuide to connect the completed  part witli the old pack trail. Work litis  also been suspended on all trails in the  Lardeait section  of  the division,   where  Pete Walker, l_oehie McDonald, and Dave  others   have   been   doing  reported   substantial   aud  Ferguson and  work that is  well planned.  A Ten-Shilling Dividend Declared.  The Hudson's Bay Company, owing to  the volume of its business in West Kootenay, was able to declare a dividend of ten  shillings a share at the last annual meeting of its shareholders, held in London,  England, on the KJth instant. The report  of the management contained the following: "Notwithstanding the prevailing  depression, however, tlie saleshop business has steadily improved and is giving  Hat i.s factory returns." According to that,  the company's store at Nelson is a "sales-  shop." '   Will be on the Opposition Side.  In commenting on the election in South  Kootenay, the Hevelstoke Mail says the  contest was strictly it personal one between Mr. Iliiine aiid his opponent, and  that Mr. Hume is in full accord with the  government and will sit on the govern  ment side of the house. It then naviely  asks, if this be so, "Has The Tribune  been tlirown overboard ?" Mr. Hume was  nominated by a. convention that condemned the action of the government in  the Nakusp & Sloca.n deal and for bringing down and passing an unfair redistri-  . btttion measure; the campaign-was fought  on the platform adopted by that convention ; iMr. Hume Avas elected as an opposition candidate; and as Mr. Hume is known  to.be an honorable man, he will'be found  on the opposition side of the house at its  next session. As for/The Tribune, it is  in no sense a party organ, neither is if a  mouthpiece of any committee or of any  faction. It endeavors to give its patrons  the worth of their money, and when they  become dissatisfied with it, they are at  perfect liberty to trade elsewhere. The  Tribune is poor but independent.  "To Hell With All Englishmen."  To the Editor ok The Province: I  see that captain Wooley has been saying  in your columns that the chief opposition  doctrine iu West Kootenay is "to Hell  with all Englishmen."��� In so saying he  falls into the trap set for all brilliant and  facile writers, to sacrifice the truthful for  the epigrammatic. The elections will  probably be over long before this reaches  Victoria, but the effects of this a. social  race prejudice aud jealousy cut deeper  than mere electioneering; and a statement so false while seeming tobe true as  captain AVooley's must not stand without  contradiction. ,; ������  What is the meaning Of this- prejudice  against Englishmen, which undoubtedly  exists and not only in West .'Kootenay,?  In the first place observe that it does not  exist against allEnglishmen, The miner  from Cornwall or- Yorkshire, the yeoman  farmer, find the mechanic may be twitted  for oddities in speech and manners, but  they are Avelcomed as citizens, soon lose  any distinguishing marks and are. certainly never consigned to hell because  they happen to be., born in England.  Against whom, then, does, this prejudice  exist? It exists against men who have no  use for anything that is not English, who  have an open contempt'for everything  that is distinctively Canadian, or for that  matter American or Australasian; men  who live in a country to sneer at its institutions, characteristics, and national  ideals; men in fact who see in the people  round about them beings considerably inferior to themselves, inferior on grounds  which'- appear fantastic and insolent to  anyone not bred in the peculiar prejudices  to which they cling. Now, the pioy of it  is that while such people are called snobs  in England they are called Englishmen in  ���-Canada,' and ��� many an Englishman who  has materials of citizenship in him of  which any country might be proud, and  which Canada has never been slow to  welcome and reward, undergoes much  vicarious suffering for the sins of his unworthy compatriots.  The snob is not a rare animal by any  means. There is no social zone which,  does not produce him. But the chief area  of his production is the upper middle class  that fringes the aristocratic zone. He is  not fond of industry and his only manufacturing proclivities are towards the  manufacture of pedigrees.  That such people should exist at all is an  ethnological curiosity; that they should  be tolerated in any industrial community  is one of the unrecorded magnanimities of  tho social organism, but that they should  air their views from positions of real  power, as well as of fancied superiority,  is an outrage too grievous to be borne.  Iu his social aspect Thackeray has left  a great picture of the snob. , In his political aspect he is not so humorous and a  great deal more dangerous. Witness the  fact that he is taken for the typical Englishman in Canada, Australia, and New  Zealand. He may yet break up the British empire of which he is so proud for, to  him, the best of-all reasons���it has produced himself. Even in England, where  he is known and taken for what he is  worth, he is a noxious animal and a political danger. He loathes representative  government wherever met; he hisses  statesmen; he sneers at the representatives of working men. The sooner this  type of creature is snuffed out the better  for till communities in which he has obtained a lodgement. If in West Kootenay  or elsewhere Englishmen as a whole are  identified with him, so much the worse  ���for Englishmen.   1 am, yours truly,  David B. Bogle.  New Denver, July 4th, JHW.  The Public Not Accommodated. ,  Every business man find every mechanic  and every miner and every laborer in the  interior districts of British Columbia is  required to labor ten hours a day for six  days in the week. Then why should the  ol'licials employed by the provincial government be lequired to labor only six  hours a day? Mining recorders in West  Kootenay, for instance, absolutely refuse  to do business except during office hours,  that is, between 10 o'clock in the forenoon  and I o'clock in the afternoon. The officials are appointed for the accommodation of the public, but the public in the  mining divisions of West Kootenay are  not accommodated under the present system. The hours for doing business at all  government offices should be the same as  those of other business places in the localities in which they are situate.  ervoir could be doubled, and by an expenditure of $000 the supply could be made  adequate, for the present at least.  Kellie's Majority in North Kootenay.  J. M.   Kellie   has   ninty-two 'majority  over his opponent in the north riding.  He is classed as a 'supporter of'the government, but he has independent leanings  and cannot be relied on to hold his thumbs  up on all occasions. Following is the vote,  the returns from Trail and Robson were  not counted as the wrong ballot papers,  had been used by the deputy returning  officers at these places:  Revelstoke  ....  Hot Springs   [llecilllewact...,......... ..   Firo Valley. ..'   Nakusp ���  Glacier.     Hall's Landing..,    Thompson's Lauding.   Trout Lake     Trout Creek..,. ..'....;   Oarnes Creek ��� .,.-.  Do wnie Creek.... ...'..���   French Creek,   Ivellie,  Drown.  7S'  1!)  ���>  3  i:t  1  ���20  1  iH  '>���>  211  11  ���1  ' 1  :��).  in  .  fi  li  >>  i  ii  _  1  L'17:  12,-i  THIS    WEEK'S    NEW    ADVERTISEMENTS.  John Henry, .Jr., Ainsworth���Warning notice.  R. B. Kerr, Now Den ver��� Notice to owners of lots in  Silverton.  W. F.TE1TZEL  CHEMISTS and  ���:���:.'    DRUGGISTS  Cor. Baker and  Josephine  Streets,  Nelson, B. O.  A large and complete stock of the leading lines of  Drugs,  Chemicals*  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  A large and.complete stock of  FISHING TACKLE.  Central Office  of the  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  Don't be Alarmed!  if the railways are washed out. We have a large  stock of Butter. Bacon, Canned Meats, Salt Fish,  Dried Fruits, Flour, Hams, Lard, Milk, Sugar,  Ale, Beer, Cider, and Stout. Also the finest brands  of Imported and Native Liquors, Wines, Cigars;  Tobacco, etc.  THE HUDS0NS' BAY CO.,  Baker Street, Nelson.  AGENTS FOR: Jos. Schlitz, Milwaukee, U.S.A.; Fort  Garry Flour Mills, Winnipeg; Hiram Walker & Sons,  Walkerville.  Hunter & McKinnon,  New  Denver and   Silverton.  Keep on hand at both places everything required by  the prospector, miner, and mine owner.  Now is the time to order yoiip Spring Suit.  J. Si  Has just received his stock  of Tweed, Serge, and Worsted  Suitings and Trouserings.  Prices to Suit the Times.  NELSON FANCY STORE.  The Water Supply Inadequate.  The water company tit Nelson .should  take stops Lo increase the water supply,  as the present supply i.s hardly sufficient  for household uses. The capacity of the  reservoir does not exceed S(),(H)Q gallons,  and that amount i.s daily used forsprink-  lingstroetsand wateriiigganlens. Should  a (ire occur in the afternoon, the water  supply would lie exhausted within fifteen  minutes. While the water company is  not expected, during these hard times, to  expend thousands of dollars in putting in  a perfect system of water works, yet it is  expected that the present system will he  kept in a state of efficiency. By the expenditure of $:��M), the capaeity of the res-  All kinds of Fancy Goods,  Notions, Ladies' Underclothing, Children's Clothing, etc.  s  We are making, ready for a dissolution of partnership, in the early spring,  and from today (Thursday, December 21st) will offer our entire stock of Dry  Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Crockery, and Glassware at cost.  G-RAND CLEARANCE SALE: Far the next 30  days we offer our entire stock of Dry Goods,  Clothing, Boots and Shoes Crockery and Grlass-  ���ware, Doors and "Windows, at COST for CASH.  The best Piano or Organ ?  The best Sewing Machine?  The best in the stationery line?  The best in the music line?  The best prices consistent with quality?  SO   (T AT1T1   _A_T  TURNER BROTHERS, Houston Block, Nelson.  Good assortment of Newspapers, Magazines, Candies, and Children's Toys always on hand.  XIF  SEASONABLE  AT THE  Postoffice Store  Fine Neglige Shirts in Silk, Silk and Wool, Flannel and Cotton.  Summer Underwear in Mosaic and Natural Wool. Hosiery,  Suspenders, Ties, Collars, Cuffs.  TEAV HATS  Felt  Hats  in  all the Best American and English Makes,  full Line of American Revited Overalls.  A  Prices lower than ever.  The RAILWAY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  A SECOND RAILWAY IN  CHOICE BUILDING and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  .RE.B.A.TE  ALLOWED   FOR   0-0023   BTTILID.r.N'G-S.  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  ETC.,   TO  APPLY   FOR   PRICES,   IMI^FS,  FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C. and K. R. and N. Co., Nelson, B. C.  Will purchase a 7-drawer "New Williams" sewing machine  Large stock from which to make selections.  Houston Block, Nelson.  JACOB DOVER, Jeweler,  CHICAGO,   IJLLIJsTOIS-  Bakep St., next door Nelson Shoe Store.  WARNING NOTICE.  To whom it, may concern: Notice is hereby given that  J, .John Henry. .Jr., having lawfully nnd regularly located  the Romolo mineral claim, situate in Hot Springs camp,  occupying ground formerly known as Early Bird mineral  claim, the said Karly liird having lawfully expired on  May lKt.h, 1H!)I, and the ground relocated by ine, as tlie  Komolo mineral claim, on May f)th, 1801.  lieing the lawful owner of said ground, known as the  Karly liird claim, all persons arc notilicd that they purchase or lease the same from anyone but the undersigned  at their own risk, JOHN HENRY, .In..  Miner's Certiticate No. flljBl.  Ainsworth, Ii. C, July SKInl, IK!) 1.  NOTICE.  Tho owners of Silverton townsite are now In a position  to give deeds to purchasers of loin, and all parties who  have received agreements for the sale of lots are hereby  requested to forward to the undersigned their dual payments, togol her witli their agreements or copies of them,  in order that deeds nmy ho prepared without, delay. i  It. H. KKIHl, solicitor for the towiiHito owners,  New Denver, H, ('��� July Kill, 18IU.  Concentrating  Machinery:  Blake Crushers and Comet Crushers.  Crushing Hollers and Finishing Rollers.  Plunger Jigs and Colloid Jigs, wood and iron boxes.  True Vanner and Embrey Concentrators.  Evan's, Collom's, and Rittenger's Slime Tables.  Trommels, Screen and Phnehed Plates.  Ore Samplers and Grinders.  Smelting Machinery:  Water Jacket Furnaces for Copper and Lead Ores.  Slag Cars aud Pots.   Bullion Cars and Pots.  Lead Moulds and Ladles.   Crucible Tongs.  Blast Pipes and Water Tuyeres.  Patterns for all kinds of Reverberatory and Matto  Furnaces. Machinery for the Systematic'Treatment of Oies, by the Leaching Process.  "��  ^^���mr* n*"^  v _(_*������ ���*������--������  and Pumping Machinry and Wipe    x  ~T7^B*nra,^i,'!?sn^^ ,,L,h; - Viierti .* u/r/i ��.&���'��� I1-" ^ *i*,**r^i_u,i4_/__Mi^'UiAv* ,  '    fW..^"'."! ftir.T'.*' ,ll!T.r.iii 1WI-V ���.rllJ!- ���'"^     T  T ������ ���___-�����* ��'T   > r j ?��� *    *,.��*  vy "'''   ���* "" JV_Jrr   *.:*"-������"-������   a   TJ - -,f-"s."pj" ���*���!�� u   "i ��� ��� A.i \r i_Tp / ^7''     '  _.v-

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