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BC Historical Newspapers

The Tribune Mar 17, 1894

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Array _ Gfel) ...  ���1.i-civmcitil Library ' /���'  Presents an Unequalled Field for the Devi per  of   Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,   �� tier.,  Copper,  Lead, and Zinc, as Well as &r  the Investor in Producing Mines..  RAILROADS  Already Completed or Under Construction ant-  Steamboat   Lines   in   Operation   Make   the  Mining   Camps   and   Towns   in   Kootenay   Accessible   the   Year   Round.  SECOND  YEAR-  NO.  17.  NELSON,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,  SATURDAY,  MARCH   17.   1894,  ONE  DOLLAR A YEAR.  AMENDMENTS THAT ABE NEEDLESS  THE ONE GOOD FEATURE REQUIRED IN  STAKING CLAIMS IS STRUCK OUT.  If  tho Amending Bill Becomes Law, it Will  Only be Necessary to Place Three Stakes  on a Mineral Claim, as Against Seven���  The Other Amendments Too Trivial to be  Noticed.    Hor majesty, by and with the advice  and consent of the legislative assembly  of the province of British Columbia, enacts tis follows:  1. This act may be cited ns the "-tliner.il  Act Amendment Act, I<S!M."  2. Section 2 of the "Mineral Act, 1891,"  i.s hereby amended by striking out all the  ��� words after line 0. and inserting in lieu  thereof the following:  "'Mineral'shall mean all valuable deposits of gold, silver, platinum, iridium, or any of the platinum group of  metals, mercury, lead, copper, iron,  tin, /.Ino, nickel, alluminuni, antimony,  arsenic, barium, bismuth, boron, bromine, cadmium, chromium, cobalt,  iodine, magnesium, manganese, mo-  lybdenm, phosphorus, plumbago, potassium, sodium, strontium, sulphur,  or any combination of the aforementioned elements with themselves or  with any other elements, asbestos,  emery, mica, and mineral pigments:  "Limestone, marble, clay, or any build;  ing stone when mined for building  purposes shall not be considered as  mineral within the meaning of this  Act.'  '"'Hock in place'shall mean all rock in  place bearing valuable deposits of  mineral within the meaning of this  Act:  "'Vein,'or'lode.' Whenever either of  these terms is used in this Act, ���rock-  in place' shall be deemed to be included:  "'Mineral claim' shall mean the personal right of property or interest in  any mine:  "'.Alining property' shall include every  mineral claim, ditch, niillsite, or water  right used for mining purposes, and  all other things belonging to a mine or  used in the working thereof:  '���'Legal post'shall mean a stake standing not less than four feet above the  ground, and squared or faced ou four  sides for at least one foot from the top,  and each side so squared or faced shall  measure at least four inches on its  face so far as squared or faced, and  any stump or tree cut off and squared  or faced to the above height and size:  "'Millsite'shall mean a plot of ground  located, as defined by this Act, foi" the  purpose of erecting thereon any machinery or other works for transporting, crushing, reducing, or sampling  ores,-or for the transmission of power  for working mines:  '"Streams' shall include all natural  water courses, .whether usually containing water or not. and all rivers,  creeks and gulches:.  "'Ditch'shall include a Hume, pipe or  race, or other artificial means for conducting water by its own weight, to  be used for mining purposes:  "'Ditch-head' shall mean the point in a  natural water-course or lake, or other  source where water is first taken into  a ditch:  "'Free miner, shall mean a person, or  joint stock company, or foreign company named in, and lawfully possessed  of, a valid existing free miner's certificate,.aud.no other:  "'Record,' 'register,' and 'registration'  shall have the same meaning, and  shall mean an entry in some official  book kept for that purpose:  "'Full interest' shall mean any mineral  claim of the full size, or one of several  shares into which a mineral claim  shall be equally divided :  "'Cause'shall include any suitor action:  "'Judgment' shall include 'order' or  'decree':  "'Heal estate'shall mean any mineral  land in fee simple under this or any  Act relating to gold mines, or to minerals other than coal:  "'Joint stof-k company' shall mean any  company 'duly .incorporated for milling purposes under the 'Companies  Act,' 'Companies Act, J 800,' and any  company duly incorporated in British  Columbia for mining purposes under  the 'Companies Act, 1802' (Imperial),  and shall include all companies,  whether foreign or local, registered  or incorporated under the 'Companies  Act.'"  A.   The   words   "precious,   and    base"  wherever they occur in the said Act are  hereby struck out.  4. Section J;! of the "Mineral Act  Amendment Act, 1803," is hereby struck  out and the following inserted in lieu  thereof:  "15. A mineral claim shall be marked  by two legal posts, placed as near as possible on the hue of the ledge or vein, and  the posts shall be numbered 1 and 2, and  the distance between posts 1 and 2 shall  not exceed fifteen hundred feet, the line  between posts Nos. I and 2 to be known as  the location line, and upon posts Nos. 1  and 2 shall be written the name given to  the mineral claim, the name of the  locator, and the date of the location.  Upon No. 1 post there shall be written, in  addition to the foregoing, 'Initial Post,'  the approximate compass bearing of No.  2 post, and a statement of the number of  feet lying to right and  to! he left of "  ���Ini-  line from No. 1 to No. 2 post, thus  tial post. Direction of post No. 2.  feet of this claim lie on the right and  feet on the left of the line from  No. I to No. 2 post.'  "All the particulars required to be put  on No. I post shall be furnished by the  locator to the mining recorder at the time  the claim is recorded, and shall form a  part of the record of such claim.  "When a. claim has been located, the  holder shall immediately mark tlie line  between posts Nos. I and 2 so that it can  be distinctly seen; in a timbered locality,  by blazing trees and cutting underbrush,  and iu a locality where there is neither  timber nor underbrush he shall set legal  posts so that such line can be distinctly  seen.  "The lccator shall also place a legal  post at the point where lie has discovered  rock in place, on which shall be written  'Discovery Post': Provided that when  the claim is surveyed, the surveyor shall  be guided entirely by posts 1 and 2 and  the notice of No. I, the initial post, and  the records of the claim.  K.\AM1'U_S OF  VARIOUS  MODUS OK I.AVINCi  t>VT CI. A I.M.S.  No. 2 I'osl.  THE   MINERAL   ACT.  MO'  DNi'ovci'v  I'os'i  i"30-  HM  No. 1  Post.  No. 2 I'osl.  \2M'  X Discover**  I I'Ofl  2.W  12/50'  No. I  Post.  No. 2 Post.  I 100'  lixr  Discover-.* Posl Q  1100  _.��� o.  No. 1  ���100'  Post.  5.    Sub-section (a) of section 30 of the  "Mineral Act, 1891," is hereby struck out,  and the following inserted in lieu thereof:  "(a).   Done or caused to be done work-  on   the claim  itself   in developing a  mine to the value of five hundred dollars, exclusive of all houses, buildings,  and   other like   improvements.     For  the purpose of this section, work done  on the claim by a predecessor or predecessors in title shall be 'deemed  to  have been done by the applicant; but  in no case shall the cost of surveying  be   considered   as   improvements   or  work done on the claim."  0.    Form F is hereby struck out and the  following inserted in lieu thereof:  Fok.m F.  CKHTIKICATK OI-'  I.MPIUIVK.MK.VI'S.  NOTICK.  .Mi  ieral claim.  mining  district.  the  Situate in the  division of  Where located.  Take notice that I , free  miners' certificate No. , intend, sixty  days from the date hereof, to apply to the  gold commissioner for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining  a crown grant of the above claim.  And further take notice, that adverse  claims must be sent to the gold commissioner and action commenced before the  issuance of such certificate of improvements.  Dated this       day of       , 18  The Board of Trade Takes Action.  At a meeting of the South Kootenay  Board of Trade, held at Nelson on the  13th instant, the following resolution was  was passed, and secretary Bigelow instructed to send a copy to the provincial  secretary and one to* the member for the  district:  K-solvcd, tlmt, the attention of the Kovcniment he  culled to the iniule'iuito.v of the grunt, in mil of the Ih'e do-  [���iirtmonl. of Nelson nnd the absence' of any grant for the  department of Kaslo, nnd especially us within the past  two years Nelson 1ms raised and expended upward* of  82000 for fire protection, independent of the government  Brunt, and Ivaslo nearly .$1000; that the jyovorimiitiit.  huildmgs in the two towns arc of a value that warrants  the making of a grant to ICaslo and increasing the sum  granted Nelson, the buildings at Nelson costing 31,0.000  mid those of |_;i"l" upwards of $.'1000. '  Fault Pound With One of its Provisions, and  Timely Legislation Suggested.  "A Miner and Prospector" of Kaslo  sends the I'ollowingto Tiik Thimi'nk for  publication. Why people who write to  the press on questions that are impersonal  should be unwilling to do so over their  own names is beyond our understanding.  Tiik Thimk.yk has a rule that letters shall  not appear in its columns unless signed  by tho writers, yet letters tire often received bearing no other signature than  that of an assumed name, aud the following is such <t letter:'  Kasi.o, March 8th.  To tiik I_ditok ok Tiik Trihush:   Permit mo to draw attention to a grave defect in the Mineral Act.    There is no provision in the act covering the annual assessment of claims having two or  more  owners.    Where a claim is owned equally  by two partners, one of whom has done  the annual assessment work and had the  same duly recorded,  there is no way to  compel   his copartner  to  contribute  his  proportion of tne expense.    According to  the act, iu order to compel a co-owner iu  a mineral claim   to pay his proportion of  the annual assessment work, or to advertise him out, the party so doing must have  a majority interest.   Thus it will be seen  that the co-owner who litis faith in a claim,  and  keeps up the annual assessment, a.s  required by law, finally developing it into  ti valuable property, is unduly handicapped as a reward  for his pluck' and perse-  verence.    Very often in cases of this kind  ti co-owner  may  have left  the country,  abandoning his interest, still there is no  redress  for   the  partner  who  may only  hold ti one-half interest or less.  It seems to the writer that the legislature of this province might copy from the  laws of tlie   United States covering the  rights of co-owners regarding the annual  assessment work on a mineral claim.    Iiy  the Revised Statutes of the United States,  if a. co-owner fails to do  his share of the  assessment work, tlie co-owner who does  the work, no matter how small  his interest, can advertise the delinquent co-owner,  out at the expiration of the year for which  the assessment work litis been done.   The  co-owner who has done the  work simply  causes a  notice to the delinquent to be  published for ninety days  in  the newspaper nearest to the claim, and if the delinquent   does   not   pay   up   within   the  ninety days his interest reverts to the co-  owner who has done the work.  ������.������I know of many vexatious cases in this  region where'the lazy and  worthless copartner (a combination always  found  in  new  mining camps) has  the  whip hand  over the industrious and plucky partner.  There are good reasons why something  should be done to cover this defect.    Some  simple method should be adopted to make  the..delinquent co-owner put  up or get  out; six months ought to be long enough  to give ^iny partner after the expiration  of the year's assessment.  There   is   another   matter  that action  HOSPITAL   SUBSCRIBERS  Have   a   General   Meeting  and   Hear a   First  Annual Report Read.  The subscribers to the Kootenay Lake  General  Hospital Society  met in general  meeting at Nelson on Tuesday  last, the  following-  named   being present:    Prank  Fletcher. G. A. Jiigelow, A. J. Marks, J.  Eied   Hume, W. J.  Wilson, J3ruce Crtid-  dock, John Malone, W. A. Jowett, J. A.  Turner, l_. C. Arthur, John Hamilton. G.  li. Jlobsou, J. II. Matlieson, li. Selous, and  John  Houston.    President  Fletcher read  the annual report-and submitted a statement of accounts as treasurer.    Both the  report and  statement of accounts were,  on  motion, received, nnd  llicy are given  in   full   below.    W.   J.   Goepel   was   appointed auditor for the ensuing year, and  Prank PI etch or, W. A. Jowctt,\john Hamilton, W.J. Wilson.(J. R. Robson,and John  Houston   were elected  directors in  place  of the six  retiring directors.   After the  adjournment of the general meeting, the  directors    met    and     re-elected     Prank  Fletcher  president   and   G.   A.   Bigelow  secretary.    J. A. Turner was elected vice-  president and J.  II. Matheson treasurer.  John Hamilton. G. ll. Hobson, ami John  Houston wore elected a. finance com mi t-  ���tee,   whose duty  it  will   be  to purchase  supplies, approve accounts for  payment,  and act generally for the board, reporting  to the full board at regular monthly meet-  Amount government aid, 181I2 $1,000 00  Amount governmeni aid, l-'.l.'t   2.000 00  Total H.tOH -28  K.YI'KNI-ITI'KI'X.  iugs. The secretary reported that he had  purchased two dozen collection boxes, the  boxes to be placer! in railway depots, on  steamboats, and in other public places, in  order to allow the generously disposed to  contribute at will, it was decided advisable to secure the services of a male nurse,  instead of a female, and steps in that direction will be taken at once.  ICxpi'iise Account���  Incorporation   Turner Uros., blank books   tl. N. Taylor, plans   Telegram      Drayage     .lohn Houston & Co.. stationery   Huilding Account -  McLaughlin & Hillyer, contract ...  ft. N. Taylor, superintendent   M. linnis, labor   W. Itrokaw. labor   C. & IC. a. N. Co., freight   A. W. Moore, carpentering   A. Olson, shed   O. A. Iligelow. water pipes   It. K. Lemon, pipes and plumbing   Maintenance and Furnishing Account-  A. if. Clements, cure O. Nelson   (J. Lowden. cleaning   Telephone rent   Fuel   Drugs     Ilre'id     -.   .1. K. II mi io & Co.. supplies   G. A. Iligelow, supplies   Washing   Matron    .1. McDonald & Co.. supplies   It. E. Lemon, supplies   T. A. (iiii'huid, supplies   Dr. 10. C. Arthur   Cash on hand   Total     '.'8 lift  (> fto  I.VI 00  1 1ft  1 <M  2<i (X)  mm   NEWS   OF  THE   WEEK.  ?   217 flO  .$llftO 00  ..     8li !��;-���  .     77  17  ..       I fl<)  4 IK  .      18 00  .     2ft 00  ..    182 1ft  (J!) (W  82,251 :��  THE NUMBER ONE  CONCENTRATOR APPROACHING   COMPLETION.  The  Slocan   Mines   not   Shutting   Down A  Trail Creek Gold Mine that Does not Owe  its Owners a Dollar���Officers Elected by  an Hydraulic Company.  $ 121 00  8 2ft  Oft 00  72 00  oil (ill  fttl  8t 01  71 15  11 00  2 ft 00  81 IKI  m 1ft  tl 00  22 20  S   727 1ft  1,4.')") 08  Sl.tiftft 28  WANT   A   USELESS   WHARF,  Rather  ought to be taken on. We have had a  very bad year, and the outlook for the  present one is none too bright. Many of  us will have a desperate time to keep up  the annual work on our claims this vear.  and many more will be utterly unable to  do so. Might it not be well that a movement be set on foot asking the legislature  for a. remittance of theaunual representation work on mineral claims this year.  Something surely ought to be done to enable those who toiled so manfully and so  bravely' to hold their claims." Many  claims, some no doubt valuable, are held  miles away from a road or trail, whose  owners may not now have the heart or  the means in this time of general depression, but who on the inevitable rebound  may yet add much to the already great  fame of the Kootenay region. These are  the ones that require the most liberal  treatment from the government.  A  MlNNK   AND  I'KO.SI'Kl Toll.  (Section 80 of the Mineral Act was, no  doubt, intended to cover .just such cases  as is referred to in the above letter, but  when taken in connection with ti proceeding   section    (S7).    then;   is doubt   as   to  whether or not it is applicable.    Section  87 says a majority may decide when, how  long, and in what manner a partnership  claim nitty lie worked: but as the annual  assessment is statute or compulsory work,  which   the   partners  must  perform   in a  given time, it would seem that its doing  is  governed  solely  by  section NO.  wliich  says that any  partner making default in  payment after receiving a notice specifying the amount due by hini. shall, if such  amount   be correct, be  personally  liable  therefor to the partnership, and his interest  in   the  partnership property may bo  sold by the partnership for the payment  of the debt.    The attention of the  legislature  was called  to  the conflicting sections at  the  time of  the passage of the  act,  and the substitution  of the   I'nited  States  provision  advocated,   but as   the  suggestion   came   from   West  Kootenay,  and  not  from   Cariboo,   the  members of  the mining committee  of the house paid  no attention to it.    The suggestion   that j  tho owners of mineral claims be not re- j  quired to do the animal assessment work j  for the current year is a timely one; but. >  as before mentioned, the suggestion comes  from   the  wrong section of the iirovince  to  have heed paid it by the  legislature.  Cariboo,  not  Kootenay,  is  the fountain  head  from   which  all  mining legislation  must, emamite.    KiHToit Titnuwi  President Fletcher's Report.  Gentlemen: On behalf of the directors  I have much pleasure iu presenting to the  sii'b.-_ "..I.1-0- 'i'.'.'.oocir.:.;- ���-> report for the  past year, together with as-.-... ���������nent ol  accounts. ���  The society is to  be congratulated  on  its  progress, starting as it did during a  year of great financial  distress: but the  preliminary sttige  was  safely  passed,   ti  suitable building erected, and the hospital  placed in good running order.    The building  was completed  in August  last at a  cost of $1027.05. and in order to procure a  water supply $320. 10 had to be expended,  nui.king a  total outlay of $2251.:-!.').   The  total receipts during the year amounted  to $4055.28, including the government aid.  Of this amount, a total  of $3100.00 has  been   disbursed,   which   may  be   briefly  summarised as follows: Building account,  $2254.35; expense (account, $217.50; maintenance and furnishing account, $727.75:  leaving a  balance   on   hand  of $1455.08.  The   items   of   expense   account  include  $150 for plans of building. As the amount  of money at'disposal   was   limited,   the  board deemed it advisable to erect a building sufficiently large for  present needs,  but, keeping in view future requirements,  one which can be added to as the district  requires, and when .completed- according  to.the plans adopted the building will be  ti credit to any community;    Maintenance  and  furnishing account  includes $107.15  paid-on behalf of outside patients prior to  the completion of the hospital  building,  also a stock of necessary drugs and sufficient fuel for the coming summer.  During the year seven male patients'  have been cared for and treated. Of  these, two were patients cared for outside the hospital before its completion,  the other five were treated in the hospital. Two deaths occurred, but both  were in tt moribund condition at the time  of coming under treatment; one dying of  consumption and the other from an aggravated attack of pneumonia. Of the  remaining patients, four were discharged  a.s cured and one remains under treatment.  During the   past year, of the  $2377.75  promised   subscriptions   $7-15.75   tire still  outstanding, but will no doubt conic in as  revenue for the current year.    In view of  tho groat iiicrea.se in population iu Southern Kootenay. and the large area of country to be served, your directors note with  regret that the promised government aid  for the ensuing  year   is but $1000: however,   we have aiready  tried  to  impress  upon the government  the hardship  that  will lesiilt in reducing the appropriation.  The object of the organization oi' this society was the caring of all eases of sickness,    whether  from disease  or accideuL.  which might come within reach of Nelson,  which al< present has every means of access  by water communication with  all   points  on Kootenay   lake   and   hy   rail   with till  'points to the south and  west.    The benefits accruing from the institution tire all  on the side of the sick and needy, who tire  relieved    b.v   united   effort:   the   burden  being   thus   taken    oil'    individuals   and  friends, who, otherwise,  would be  called  on in cases of emergency were no such institution in existence.    With  this aim   iu  view, .vour directors sincerely trust that  all employers of labor   will recognize the  necessity and urgent  need of such tin institution,   and   thoroughly impress on all  their employees the wisdom of contributing towards its support the small monthly  fee($l per man).    Also,  that till who are  able  to aid   by   contributions   will do so  cheerfully, as the revenues of the institution is likely to be taxed to its utmost.  During the year the directors held  thirteen meetings, the attendance being  as follows: .Mr. Fletcher 13, .Mr. .Marks 13,  ���Mr. Mtithesoii 13, .Mr. Bigelow II. Mr.  Selous II. .Mr. Turner!), Mr. Wilson 7. Mr.  I'liair li, Mr. Buchanan 5. .Mr. Ward 3. and  .Mr. V ii ill 2.  Statement of Accounts  KKCKIITS.  Amount of local siitmi-i-ipl ion  Than  a  Road   That  Would   be   Used  Every Day in the Year.  Sew Dkxvkii, March 14th.  The arrival of government agent Fit/.-  tubbs in  New Denver with positive instructions  to proceed  at once  with  the  construction  of a  wharf was the signal  for a popular commotion wliich consumed  gallons of whisky before it subsided.   A  number of New Denver's most prominent  citizens, who realized how hard it would  be to raise tiny money by private subscription to keep the wagon  road open when  the thaw came, were anxious that, if possible, the wharf appropriation should be  applied on the wagon road.   Jt was proposed if the citizens were unanimous in  this idett to telegraph their desire to Vic-  -'���.���,_���.��� a.  that  the  government  agent's in-  structit-:-.- should be changed, or the matter tit least  'eft  to hi.s discretion.    The  wharf, ho\vever;iiad numerous supporters  and nothing wasdo_io.  Consequently, the  wharf will be built; as "to  what will become of New  Denver's connection  with  the mines,' thttt is another question. There  was  no  inconsistency   in   the   action of  those  who having before petitioned  for  the wharf now petitioned  for the money  to be applied to the road.    At the same  time as they petitioned  for the erection  of the wharf,  they  made the strongest  representations at  headquarters regarding the state of the road.    Had .'the question 'then an alternative between road and  wharf,  their opinion   then   would   have  been the same as now: that a wharf is ti  desirable ornament to the town : that the  road's being-kept in repair is necessary to  the town's existence.  S. ,M. Wharton returned to New Denver on Monday just in time for the fun.  lie accomplished, the unparalleled feat of  being equally enthusiastic on both sides  of the question.  11. 1_. Lemon passed through New Denver on Monday on his way to Nakusp.  . I'Yir sometime during the winter it was  impossible .for a steamboat' to get within  live miles of the head of Arrow lake. The  Arrow is now running to the head of the  lake, and it is expected that communication will very shortly be reopened to  Green Slide by steamer.  The greatest difficulty has been experienced in keeping telegraphic communication open. In nine cases out of ten  the breaks tire caused by men felling trees  over the line. The line is strung along  the roads where there tire roads, and it is  along those roads thttt people go to cut  timber for fuel and other purposes. It i.s  about time some one was taught the lesson that to break down a telegraph wire  maliciously is a criminal offence.  Definite information is now tit hand  that the railroad spur into Sew Denver  will be graded without delay.  11. II. St. John of the Idaho will come to  New Denver to reside about the end of  this mouth.  Dan McGillivray is, or was, at Kevelstoke a I'ew days ago waiting for telegraphic communication to open to find  out when he could get to Nakusp. He is  wiser than the man who camped tit the  head of Arrow lake and ate corned beef  nearly two weeks while the Kevelstoke  newspapers went on asserting the route  was open.  N. I-'. MrNnught is shipping 10 tons a  day from the Alpha. The Grady group is  going to run a neck-aiid-neck race with  the Slocan Star.  In the Idaho mine they are at present  working in considerably richer ore than  they had on the surface.  The following may be taken for what it  is worth. A prominent mine owner is reported to have urged on the Bank of  .Montreal the necessity of establishing a  branch at New Denver and threatened to  remove his company's account if this was  not done. He was assured that a.s soon as  the railroad was built into New Denver a  of the Bank of Montreal  would  On the 2nd instant. Otto Abeliug, who  is superintending the construction of the  concentrator at the Number One mine tit  Ainsworth, reported the following as the  result of two months' work:    "Work was  commenced on January 1st with live feet  of snow on the level.   The average number of men employed during that month  was !H;.the pay-roll,  $005.25.    Work accomplished: one flume, 2x1. 1500 feet long,  with dam and tank; one hewed frame for  building  74x48, 32 feet to eaves,  framed  and   put together ready to raise: till the  grading-for the above building and the  placing of all hewed foundation timbers.  Fully  one-third   of the above labor expense was for handling snow.    Jt was not  exactly a picnic that we had, but it might  have been worse.    Thea.verage number of  men employed during February was II 1-5:  the    pay-roll.     $1003.00.     Work    accomplished: the finishing of the mill building  (all of hewed   timber,  lumber only being  used for floors and siding): the placing of  all the frames for the machinery and the  shafting.    The engine, one set of crushing  rolls, and four jigs are  in  position,  also  the boiler., but the latter is not walled in  yet.    There are also two new  jigs pretty  well under way, and the ore bin, 18x22x10.  isabouthalf done.    Most of the machinery  is at   the mill,   excepting   a   few   small  parcels, and bricks for the boiler and a few  thousand feet of lumber.   The work will  be completed by the end of this month, if  we  work hard  enough.    Snow  between  eight and    nine  feet on  the level.    The  mine is looking well; four feet of fine ore  at present."    K. E.   Clarke, a member of  the company who  is operating the Number One mine and building the concentrator, was in Xelson  this week.    He was of  opinion that the concentrator would   be  in operation by the second week in April.  branch  follow.  A Boat With a Good Record.  The hull of the steamer Nelson was built  by a Canadian out of timber cut on Kootenay lake. The boat will be in commission two years on the 25th, and during  that time has only been laid up nine days  for repairs. In the two years she will  have made a mileage equal to twice the  distance around the world and burned  enough wood to bridge the Atlantic.  Next week she will be overhauled antl the  Spokane will he placed on the run between  Nel--on and lva--l<>.  ��� One Trail Creek.'Gum flinie? "  Will the J_e Roi turn out to be the largest mine in Kootenay?   The chances are  it will.    No other mine in the district has  more ore in sight; and no other mine in  the district is in shape to make a larger  continuousoutput.    The mine is opened to  a depth of 200 feet, and the ore 'is'--richer  at the 200-foot level  thau at the 100-foot,  and richer at the 100-foot than at the surface.   The ore  is gold,  and  the returns  from the last shipments Avere such as  to  give the owners greatencouragenient.    If  the ore now on  the wharf at Trail was  smelted, the returns would be more than  sufficient  to   reimburse   the owners  for  every dollar they have expended on the  mine,  as purchase  money or otherwise.  It is expected that the steamer Columbia'  will   begin   running   between  Trail  aiul  Northport by the 1st of April, aud as there  are now oyer 700 tons of ore on the wharf  at Trail, it will take some time to clean  it up, as the stage of water will not permit loading the boat to full capacity.   Tlie  present daily .-output of from  fifteen   to  twenty tons will be continued -indefinite! y.  The  lie Koi is  but one of the mines  in  Trail district.    There are others that will  be heard from long before the price of silver reaches $1.25) an ounce.  Have not Closed Down.  The report that the mines in Slocan district had closed down, owing to the fall in  the price of silver, is without foundation.  Kvcry.mine in the district iu the hands of  men able to do development work is being  developed, but the extraction of ore for  shipment has been stopped. The Dardanelles employs 20 men. the Washington  10. the Noble Five 8: the Slocan Star,  the Fredie l.ee, the Noonday, the Northern  Belle, the Mountain Chicf.'tlie Idaho, the  Alamo, and the Alpha all have; men at  work; work will also be resumed on the  Keco next week. The following is given  merely to show the ease with which ore  can be broke down in some of the mines  in the district: On Wednesday last.  Henry Cod .v. a miner in the Bonanza King,  one of the Noble Five mines, broke down  seven tons of ore. of the estimated value  of $3000. The last shipment of 50 tons  from the Noble'Five mines will go out  next week, "Bill" Heiincssy going along  with it to the smelter. S. S. Bailey of t lie  Payne group has suspended work "for tlie  present.  An  Hydraulic  Conipany Elects Officers.  The lirst regular meeting of the shareholders of the  Nelson  Hydraulic  Mining  Conipany was hold on Tuesday last.   K. J.  Bealey. F. M. McLeod, J. F. Hunie, J. F.  Ritchie, and G. W. Richardson were  elected directors. The directors afterwards elected F. M. McLeod, president;  R. .1. Bealey. vice-president: and G. W.  Richardson, secretary- treasurer. The  steel pipe needed for the plant has been  ordered from the Joshua Hendy Iron  Works, San Francisco, and is expected to  arrive at Nelson within two weeks. Good  progress is being made tit Forty-nine  creek in getting the dam, ditches, and  sluice-boxes in readiness, and by the time  the ground is bare the company hopes to  have pay dirt running through the sluices.  About twenty men  ent.  are employed at pres-  f siai.iuu      ..\ ���������,���, ,������ loiyilsnLHcripllnns Sl.fi l.'I 28     ;1l,,K,ll": ","' ���"���I"* '" *'������ �������������-������....���..���,.  ,| ' Atii'iniii |,;.i.i hy-iittirni- 12 no ' .Ni-Noii and lva--l<>.  Forty   tons   of ore   were shipped   this  week from the Silver Kinir mine lo one of thw smellers tit  Dri-vi'i", ("nlnrii'ln.  km  S.  _.��  _*���..���--- THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, MARCH   17,  1894.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THE TRIBUNK is published on gut ������������days, by John-  Houston & Co., and will be mailed to subscribers  on payment of Onk Dou.ah u year. No subscription  taken for less Hum a year.  REGULAR AnVKliTISlOIKNT.S printed-al. tlie following rates: One inch. ?*! a year; two melius.  SfiO ii vear; three inches ��S1 a year: four inelies,  ��<J(i a year; live inches. ��105 a year; six inches and  over, at the rate of S1.50 an inch per month.  TRANSIENT ADVKliTISEMKNT.- 20 cents a line .for  lirst insertion and 10 cents a line for each additional  'insertion.   Birth,  marriage, and death notices free.  LOCAL OR READING MATTER NOTICES 2ft cents a  line each insertion. ���      .  ,  JOU PRINTING at fair rates. All accounts for job  printing and advertising payable on the first of  everv month; subscription, in advance.  ADDRlteS all communications to  , THE TRIBUNE. Nelson, U. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  D   LaBAU, M.D.���Phvsiciiui and Surgeon.   Rooms ti  ���   and t Houston block, Nelson.   Telephone 12.  LR. HARRISON, B. A.���Barrister and Attorney at  ��� Law (of the province of New Mrunswick), Conveyancer, Notarv Public, Commissioner for taking Allidnvits  for use in the Courts of liritish Columbia, etc. Oilices���  "Ward street, between Baker and Vernon, Nelson, li. V.  ��he ��vilmm\  SATURDAY MORNING MARCH 17. ISill  SOUTH' KOOTENAY   CONVENTION.  The electors of the south riding of West Kootenay electoral district who favor nominating a candidate for member of the legislative assembly, at the next general election, are requested to elect delegates to a nominating  convention, to be held a! Nelson, on Saturday, April I Ith,  1S!M, at 2 o'clock p.m.. the primary election I'or the election of delegates to be held on Saturday, March 2lt,h, ISill.  between the hmir.-of _ and ft o'clock p. in. Citizens whose  names are on the voters' list alone to be allowed to vote  for delegates.    Reprc.-.ontation in the convention lo be as  follows:  Precinct or  voting place.  Kaslo    Watson   Three Forks  New Denver.  Silverton    ...  Number of  delegates.  .... :s  1  Precinct or        Number of  voting place.       delegates.  Toad Mountain   I  Nelson 5  Balfour  1  Pilot Bay  1  Ainsworth     Ii  Rykert's Custom House.. I  Delegates-elect, if unable to attend the convention,  shall have the privilege of transferring their credentials  to parties who can attend. Delegates'credentials must  be signed by the two judges and the clerk of the primary  election, the judges and clerk to be chosen by the voters  present at their respective polling places inimediately  prior to tho hour of opening the polls. Delegates must  be registered voters.  ORGANIZE   AND   FIGHT   SQUARE.  West Kootenay is- the only  district in  the province in which the electors  have  taken steps to select a representative man  to make the race for member of the legislature, although their action Avas ridiculed  and denounced by those who favored the  old  method of a scrub  race^    The coast  people, judging from the following from  the     Vancouver    News-Advertiser,    are  awakening to the fact that the convention  plan is the only one by whicli disastrous,  splits   can   be   prevented;   splits   which  nearly   always   result   in   the  return of  members by the  party in the minority,  the vote of the party in   the majority  being split and thrown to  '.".^���x a dozen  cai-didates-.     "J"��� ���-" News-Advertiser says:  " There are so many newspaper nomina-  " tions  and  individual  self nominations  " for   the various  constituencies,   iu  the  " alleged interest of the independent and  "opposition parties, that unless popular  '���conventions   of    the    electors   of   the  " various   districts  be    called   to   select  " strong  representative   men,  it is very  " likely indeed that party splits will re-  " suit, with the certain effect of letting in  "government candidates.    It i.s true thtit  " similar splits are suggested on the government side, but not to anything like  "the same extent, and it may almost be  "taken for granted, that due disciplining  "will, ere election time comes round, re-  " duce   the  government   nominations'to  " the number of members required to be  "elected by each provincial constituency.  " It therefore behooves those who in gen-  " eral favor the independent line of policy  "to call early meetings in the various re-  " organized  constituencies,   to  hear   ad-  " dresses from and  choose between  pos-  " sible candidates.    A speedy end should  " assuredly  be made of -newspaper and  "self-nomination  of  independent candi-  ��� " datures, as this has already resulted in  " tlie naming of about a  hundred geutle-  '��� men for 33 vacancies.   The ranks cannot  "be closed too compactly, for the govern-  " ment men will make very much stronger  " running than their "true form"��� to use  " a sporting  metaphor���in ������ several   well  " known instances."   The   voters should  organize and make a square fight for or  against the government.  Thk mining committee of the legislature, in its wisdom, litis brought in a bill  amending the .Mineral Act. The bill is  given in full in another column, not because of its merits, but merely to show  those interested in the mining industiy  how little in the way of remedial legislation need be looked for from the present  government if it is returned to power.  Hk.vkv Laijouchkkk, the Radical member of the house of commons who threatened to withdraw the support of hi.s party  from the Liberals because of the elevation  of lord Roesbery to the premiership,  threw a bomb into the house on Tuesday  last. He moved an amendment to the address in reply to the queen's speech that  the house of lords be abolished, and the  amendment carried by a vote of 117 to I hi.  Circulars showing the aims of the  Protestant Protective Association are being distributed in the towns aud milling  camps in Southern lvootenay. The aim of  the association is purely the denial to  Roman Catholics the privilege of holding  office. For that reason, if i'or no other,  fhe awHochifciou should be tliscouraged by  our people. Religion and politics should  not be mixed; and the man, whether he  be Protestant or Catholic, who would use  his church organization to aid him in his  political aspirations is a good man for the  electorate to lot severely alone;  THE   NEW   SILVER   CRISIS.  The low price of silver is causing not  only CJerinttny, but Kngland uneasiness.  Germany has appointed a commission to  make thorough investigation of the question, and the report of the commission  will have much influence with the representatives of Germany 'should another  monetary conference be held. English  financial papers tire outspoken in the  opinion that the present course of the  British government on the silver question is ruinous. The following from The  financial News of London, dated February 10th. is well worth reading:  l-ven the Indian government must see  by this time that much longer persistence  iii their currency policy will mean tin absolute catastrophe to the commerce and  creditof India. Thoclosingoi'theiniuts has  been a colossal and mischievous blunder  from beginning to end. It litis disturbed  the exchange relations between India and  tlie farther lOast, and paralysed the industry of the Indian mills. It litis resulted in the fall of tiie rupee to the exchange value of Is. l,';d., and even that  exchange is only nominal, so far as the  government is concerned, for it cannot  sell its council bills to any extent. Now,  at the very height of the export season  only Rs.8()0.(XK) were sold last Wednesday. This means, if continued, that England's credit will have to be employed, in  order to avert the bankruptcy of the Indian empire. Nor is India alone involved.  The collapse in the exchange has brought  Lancashire business almost to a. standstill,  and spinners, filled with dismay, tire already beginning to talk of the wholesale  stoppage of spindles. Things were bad  enough before the closing of the mints:  but the position litis become desperate  since. The reckless and empirical treatment has only had the effect of exacerbating the disease. Iilven excessively dear  money in India, where the bank rate litis  been raised to '.) per cent, lias been ineffectual to prevent the exchange from  falling lower every day. Looked at from  every point of view, the fantastic'attempt'  to. impose a gold standard on India without a gold currency has been a miserable  fiasco. The only excuse put forward by  its short-sigh ted advocates is that there  lias been insufficient tin'.e to give the experiment a.fair" trial. That is the invariable excuse of unsuccessful quackery.  When the blundering doctor is reproached  for the failure of his treatment he puts it  down to the insufficiency of, Che trial.  Meanwhile, however, the patient dies.  As to India, we were told in July to wait  for September, in September to wait for  November, and in November we were put  ou'.^ February. At present no definite  period seems to be fixed upon which the  experiment is to succeed ; only iu general  terms we are told to wait for the dim and  distant future.  We do not believe that under any circumstances,   the   policy   of  closing   the  mints would have had satisfactory results;  but what small chance it may have had  was wrecked by the vacillation and hesitancy of the authorities themselves.   Bad  as the scheme was, it might have done  something to steady the exchange if the  artificial monopoly value of the rupee had  been   maintained   in   the  allotments   of  India  council  bills,  and   imports of  bar  silver had been checked by a high or prohibitive   import  duty.     But   the   India  council has muddled 'the'matter of allotments as no other   public question  has  been  muddled  for years.    First of all it  endeavored  to keep the  exchange  near  the relation of Rs.  15 to the sovereign���  that is, at Is. -Id. the rupee; then it decided  that it would not allot at the smallest  fraction below Is. 3]d.; and then rendered  desperate  by  the   independence   of   the  eastern banks and merchants, it suddenly  announced that the minimum was withdrawn,  and   that it  would  consider   all  tenders on their merits.    Anything more  calculated than this policy of shilly-shally  to disturb confidence and counteract any  benefit  whicli  the closing of the  mints  might have procured it would be impossible to imagine.    Foreign nations stand  aghast, and wonder if the same incapacity  prevades our administration of India in  other particulars.   The further fall in bar  silver, to 29tl. an ounce, has intensified the  danger of the position.    It is all very well  to  talk  of letting silver find its natural  level; but people who talk like this ignore  that such  a  level  depends upon legislation, and that the legislation of India has  dealt tt blow at the very metal of which  the rupee consists.  And what will happen  meanwhile if silver falls much more?    It  must not be forgotten that silver is still  the currency of a great part of the world,  and that every fall in its gold price means  incalculable  injury  to commerce; while,  so far as the  Indian   government is concerned, its loss by remittance is far too  serious a matter to  be dealt with by the  Skiiiipolinn   expedient   oi   creating   new  debt wherewith to discharge the obligations of the old.  The folly of the Indian currency experiment is now so transparent that nothing  but sheer obstinacy stands iu the way of  its repeal. We can well understand thttt  certain political reputations will be shattered by such a confession of error; but it  will have to come, whether they flinch  from the mortification or not. One-half  of tlie project has already broken down  in hopeless confusion. 'Even the India  council has abandoned, at all events for  tlie time, its feeble and irresolute attempts to secure tin artificial rate of exchange. The mints, therefore, are now  closed to no visible purpose. All that has  happened is that the coinage of rupees  litis been suspended. The exports from  India meanwhile have been seriously  checked, and what requirement there has  been for remittances from London has  boon met by shipments of bar silver,  which htt ve been readily absorbed by the  native population. A great wrench has  been given to commercial and industrial '���  conditions without anything being done  to mitigate the persistent fall in tlie exchange. Further, the predominating reason wliich led r-he Indian government to  ttike action no longer exists. No doubt,  they were influenced to a large extent by  the impending repeal of the Sherman Act,  which threatened to disorganize the silver  market. Well, the Sherman Act has been  repealed, and violent results from that  step tire no longer a possible factor in the  situation. The easiest way to appreciate  the gold price of silver would be to renew  the conditions under which it was coined  into money of an automatic standard for  all coiners.  We do not say that such a, course would  mean the solution of the silver difficulty.  All it would do would be to lessen the immediate tension, anil give the authorities  time to realize that they have a great problem to grapple with, and that they must  seriously endeavor to grapple with it.  Silver cannot be got rid of; it is an indispensable form of currency. Asia cannot  do without it, .and. even if attempts to  force a. gold standard'"upon the hJastern  people were theoretically sound, would  bo -a-political and financial mistake to  niako them. Silver, then, has to be reckoned with, and every man of business  must realize how important it is to reduce  the fluctuations in its market value to a  minimum. Sir David Barbour's suggested  remedy is'-international'-bimetallism';- but  it would be idle to deny that there is a  strong prejudice in 'many quarters against  the establishment of a fixed-ratio. All  thttt need be said today is that' we are  within sight of the retracing of steps, so  far as the mints are concerned. .. The  Times admits that ''tlieend of till artili.c'ia.1  nicans of ��� keeping the Indian exchanges  " steady i.s now-perceived;" and the Standard, with its usual pereinptoriuess, says:  " The Indian government must at once re-  " open the mints. Halting between two  ���'courses, if persisted in, may imperil its  "credit to an extent which will paralize  " both trade and government." Yes; but  do our contemporaries see nothing beT  yond ? Is this retracing of the steps going  to settle the matter'*' Is there no logical  outcome which will sooner or later be  forced' upon our fanatical and shortsighted administrators? To leave India  to flounder about in this Serbonian bog,  the prey to every real or manipulated fall  in silver, would be madness from every  point of view. Legislators abroad and  councilors at home have clone their best���-  ot\their worst���under the infatuation of  stereotyped economical ideas, and we see  the results. Unless some new and bolder  course be taken, the future is destined to  be full of trouble. If the import duty^on  cotton goods figures in the next Indian  budget, all Lancashire will see that the  present system leads' to an ''impossible  position, and will unanimously demand  anil enforce from the government an international   settlement  of the .currency  question.   Personalities in Business.  It is often remarked by foreigners that  the personality of a man in this country  influences buyers more than the" merit of  his goods.    While this seems to be putting  the matter rather strongly, it cannot be  denied that a salesman who is well liked  in the trade can sell more goods than one  who  is not  possessed  of the  faculty of  making 'all  men   his friends.    A happy  faculty it i.s that is born with a few, cultivated by more, and, unfortunately, disregarded by .many.   A charming  personality seems'to veneer all faults, even  to  throwing a glamor over somewhat undesirable goods, though it may not always  succeed in making a sale.   In   Furope, it  is said that the merit of goods alone decides a sale; well, perhaps so, but Ave still  think that the price is an important item.  It is a common idea that the Canadian is  very keen after value received ; but merit  and'price do  not always win, in spite of  the copy book maxims of our youth; but  stiles are daily  made founded upon, personal liking for the retail as in wholesale  circles, aud is a fact worthy of consideration.   A salesman is'valued "according to  his stiles; if these are  increased  by  the  confidence   and popularity   that   he  can  establish, his  value rises  in  proportion.  This   may   be   a   mercenary   reason   for  adapting oneself to all people; butto look  tit the matter in another light, it is plea-  santer to be on gootl terms with both your  customers and employers: the pleasure of  living is  increased   when one's  business  surroundings are congenial, and their congeniality   depends   upon   yourself   to   a  greater extent  than you may be aware.  Sucli a manner; mind  or  feeling ''may be  cultivated���though it will not come in a  day; but, if naturally possessed of it,  be  thankful, and add to it energy and  ambition, the   three  forming a   trio  wliich  goes tar to make up the idetil salesman.  Lies That Were Convincing;,  Cliuuncey   Depew   spoke  one   evening  during tin election campaign at a certain  town in  the interior of New York state.  The next morning  the chairman of  the  local committee took  hini in  his cttrriage  for  a   ride  .about   the   place.    They   had  readied  the suburbs aud were admiring  the scenery, when a man' wearing a blue  shirt tind  carrying a   long  whip on   his  shoulder approached from  where he had  been piloting an ox team along the middle  of the road, and said,  "You're the man  that made the rattlin'speech   up at  the  hall   last   night,   I   guess'*'"     .Mr.   Depew  modestly admitted  that he had indulged  in some talk at the time and place specified.   "Don't   you   have  what   you  said  writ out?" went on the man.    "No," replied the orator.    "' You don't mean to say  you made all that right up tis you went  along?"    "Yes."    ".lest hopped'up right  there, took a drink of water out of the  pitcher, hit the table a whack, and waded  in   without   no  thinking nor   nothing?"  "Well, I  suppose you might put it that  way."   "Well, that beats me!"    "You'll  excuse me for stopping you: but what I  wanted to say was that your speech convinced  me, though I kuowed all  the time  it was tlie peskiest lie that ever was told.  I  made up my mind  to vote your ticket;  but I'd 'a' been willing to beta peck o'red  a PI lies that no  man could stand up and  fell me such a lot o' convincing lies without having 'em writ out!    You must 'a'  hurl an awful lot o' practice!"  Ho! for the White Grouse Jlountain Mines!  The Rich Copper-Silver Mines on Grouse Mountain? are easily reached from .  e  i  the new townsite on the east side of Kootenay Lake, and which is distant about sixteen  miles from the mines. There is bound to be a rush to the mines on White Grouse Mountain in the spring, and DAVIE is sure to be a town of importance, as well.as supplies for, and  ore from the mines must pass through it.   For prices of lots apply to  ' DAVID BLACK, Pilot Bay; ,  fjpnwn     (ivnni    Tltlp     ' ^GEORGE NOWELL, Victoria;  UI-UWll    Ulalll    1111(3.'. or JOHN HOUSTON & CO., Nelson.  A   POLITICAL   BOSS   WHO  Thought Himself a Good Citizen and. Worthy  Sunday School Superintendent.  .John .!. JMcKane, the political boss of  Gravesend, New'York, recently sentenced  to six years in the state penitentiary for  corrupt.practices, at.and before tin election, is thus described by Sydney Reid in  Harper's Weekly:  MclCane took' Coney Island in hand  twelve -years''ago as,chief of police and  supervisor. At that time the beach was  one of the roughert spots on earth. Tinhorn gamblers set their little tables oil  the beach and swindled the -people, unmolested by the police, while their cappers  protected them from their dupes. Every  house on the lower end of the Boulevard  was a ganibiingden, where play lasted all  night. All sorts of games were running,  -and-the police'were., kind enough to direct  inquirers to the best places for faro, keno,  roulette, etc. The poolrooms -were in full  blast. "The Gut,' with its .mingled white  and black population,.was the wickedest  place iu all America.  The change for the better under Mc-  Kano.began immediately, but it was some  time before his.work showed, as he could  not afford to. support ti. large police force.  Me wisely attacked the itinerant gam biers  first. They were an, unmitigated nuisance, they brought no revenue to the  town, and they disgusted people. MclCane handled;- these fellows vigorously  without gloves. Some he sent' to the  penitentiary, anrl tlieir pull'with politicians did not save them. Others got hurt  with clubs, and others repented of their  wickedness and.opened permanent establishments, such as plate-game stands, etc.,  thereby becoming rent payers, and taking  <_ut a license from the town of Gravesend.  As "MoKane got stronger he'wiped out the  gambling houses and pool rooms; he  raided 'The Gut,'and jailed a large number of the worst characters. He cleaned  up' the island, making life safe from end  to end. He made property much more  safe than one Avould imagine possible in  such a place as Coney island.  His power had two sources, one being  the good-will of the people and the other  his official position. He controlled all the  functions of government; he made all contracts, audited all bills; he gave or withheld licenses. In fact, he was absolute.  The man who opposed him went down by  craft or by violence. But there were not  many who opposed him. McKane has always been a true friend. He will give to  or he will work for any one who asks him  for a favor. He rises at 5 o'clock in the  morning, and'by 7'is in his office in his  Shcepshead Bay house dealing witli petitioners. Some want money owing to them  by the town; some want work; some want  the chief to say a word to tlieir Avives or  children or husbands; some are behind  with their rent find want the help of their  sovereign in carrying on their business;  some don't know what they want. To all  of these the chief gives patient hearing  and tloes what he thinks is best for thein.  He has any amount of practical sense,  and almost invariably sends petitioners  away satisfied. From his house he goes  to the police station at Coney Island,  where he observes the result of the previous night's round-up. Any prisoner  whose position i.s evidently the result of  accident or inadvertence^ meets with  lenient treatment from AIcKanc. A mere  word releases a prisoner. He reviews the  proceedings of the police .justices, and  overturns them at will, and nobody questions, and nobody doubts that he is doing  what is best. Ten o'clock at night finds  MclCane still on duty, and not infrequently in the summer time he is about  working for his people till after midnight.  One way and another he makes ti great  number of friends by means of services  honestly performed.  MclCane has the reputation of never  robbing his own people, lie has made  money "and lent it on mortgage in the  town,' until his holdings now cover a  great deal of the most valuable property  on Surf avenue, and some of the principal  buildings, but he is merciful as a- landlord,  and slow to foreclose. If he had lived in  the Middle Ages his name would have  been handed down to posterity as that of  the good .Maron .John.  But there is another sitle to the picture.  MclCane litis no regard for American law,  and never Inirl any. While he was protecting the pool-sellers he swore in court  that he did not know there wtis any pool-  selling. Hundreds of people saw him  with the pool-sellers while they were  carrying on their business. He swore  that ho did not know of tt single gambling  place on the island at a time when the  boulevard was lined with gamblers' dens,  lie ignored the laws whenever it suited  his convenience to do so, anrl substituted  his own will.  MclCane never had any doubt that he  was a good citizen and a worthy Sunday  school superintendent. In view of the  many good things and the hard work he  is doing for the town he never thought it  worthy of remark that he should break  the law here and there where it was irksome to him. .'.'Gravesend, was his; the law  was an intruder.. He .had always evaded  or broken it in the past whenever he hail  so willed, and with impunity. He simply  ' pushed it all aside and .'.substituted his  own will at the last election. Judge Gay-  n'or wanted the registry lists of Grave-,  send; the law said he "could-have them;  McKane said he couldn't and he didn't.  Gaynor wan ted watchers at the polls; the  the law'said he was entitled to put them  there: MclCane said he should not put  them -.there and he did not. He put  enough fraudulent votes in the ballot box  to turn a state election in a. close year;  he beat and imprisoned men as respectable as any in tlie city of Brooklyn because  they dared to go to Gravesend.on election  day; but it never occurred to him that  he was wrong. This .was all in' Gravesend,  where his will wastrlaw, and they dared  not 'dispute his will.  THE   ARISTOCRATS:-THEIR   BALLAD.  Tis tnic we'ru ull devoted to a life that's democratic.  Opposed to all partaking of a bad, despotic sway;  In theory wo do not tolerate the aristocratic,  Nor could  we ever bring ourselves at monarchy  to  ..'���  play.  We could not bo the subjects of a potentate a day;  We think that every babe is born an equal, and is  I'ree:  And yet wo can't but. notice,  though it  fills you  with  dismay.  That, while we're just as good as you. you're not as  good as we.  Our noses arc tip-tilted in a manner most erratic:  Perhaps   we've  something stiU"ning  iu  our composition's clay.  Our eyes arc ever darting scorn; the scorn is most emphatic,  As if we wore the monarchs of all things our eyes  survey.  "Pis curious we do it, too, and why I cannot say.  Hut certainly it cannot take but half an eye to see  The thought our scornful glance is meant in general to  convoy���  That wh.Ie we're just as good as you, you're not as  good as we.  Of course to know we are the best is knowledge  most  ecstatic.  And to forgot the happy fact wo never would essay:  Perhaps there's not an heirloom stored away up in the  attic.    But there is not a banker who'd our checks refuse to  pay.  And  here   we  think is the reason   for   our  high   and  haughty way:  Our god  is glorious Mammon: 'tis  from'him _. our  family tree;  And we doubt, not it is Mammon  who forbids you to  denay  That while we're just as good as you, you're not. as  we.  ENVOI.  Plebs.  do not strive   to equal us: your plans will  go  astray;  We've got the Lord of Wealth  with us, and he, you  must agree.  Would never let the common herd against his plan inveigh,  That, while we're just as good as you,  you're not as  good as we.  Always Opponents of Trades Unionists.  Clergymen of all denominations, in the  old country, are as strongly-opposed to  trades unions as if the church were not  itself the strongest of all  unions.   By its  unwritten laws even an incompetent inan  cannot be dismissed.    A call from tt congregation  is as sacred a thing as a call  from heaven in bygone days���and a great  deal less troublesome, for the prophet of  old hail at least to live up to his reputation.  It is particularly curious to see how the  hard working laity are imposed upon.    A  church member, whether he be merchant  or laborer, has to work for his family, and  to provide as best he can for a rainy day.  When he i.s too infirm for work his family  or his savings must provide for him, or,  failing these, he may obtain the reward  of good  citizenship  in the  poorhou.se of  liis domicile.   The case of a clergyman is  very different.  The last meeting of a presbytery in Scotland, a Rev. William Scott  applied for a colleague and successor. The  poor man isso far to be pitied, for he is  suffering  from tin  affection  of  the eyes  whicli may have serious results;   but in  this lie is situated no worse than many of  his lay brethern.    In order, however, to  get a'colleague, he is willing to make a  great  personal  sacrifice���he  will ask   no  more than -WOO a year from his congregation.   For this trifiingsuni he will consent  to remain nominally the pastor, while for  XAO less another clergyman can be found  to undertake all the work and to wait till  tlie chance comes ot   filling the shoes of  Mr. Scott���who is not an old man. Would  anything like this be tolerated in another  trade?   Suppose, the manager of a factory  proposed to retire ou more than half his  salary, while a "colleague antl successor"  look his place, and did the best he could  on what was left of the salary, added to  the generosityof the factory owners might  what further provide.   The very irlea i.s  ludicroiiSjiinrl the honest workingiuan who  could conceive such a thing would be fit  for an asylum.    Yet men of the keenest  business acumen calmly acquiesce when  such greedy and unbusiness-like proposals  emanate from their pastors.  W.J.  EAT Markets  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will contract to supply mining companies and  steamboats wilh fresh meals, and deliver same at any mine  or landing in   the   Kootenay Lake country.  NELSON Office and. Market, 11 East Baker* St.  KASLO MARKET, Fourth Street.  FURNITURE  PIANOS  ORGANS  james Mcdonald & co.  Nelson and Kaslo.  Carry complete lines or' Furniture, as well as manufacture  eveey grade of Mattresses.  They also carry 1'ianos and  Organs. Undertaking.   , ��  Ja.mks W. Skai.k.  John M. Kkkkku.  KEEFER  &  SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  Job teaming done.   Have several hundred cords of good  wood, which will be sold at reasonable prices.  I.KAVK    OUDKKS    AT  J.  F.  Hume  &   Co.'s.   Vernon   Street,   Nelson  Nelson   Livery Stable  Passengers and baggage   transferred to and   from  tho  railway depot and steamboat landing.   Freight  hauled and job teaming done.   Stove  wood for sale.  WILLIAM WILSON .....   PROPRTKTOU  BARGAINS.  SEW DENVER LOTS-Lots !) and 10 (100 by 120 foet).  Hlock 1, in government part of New Denver. I'rice  S(KX): SiSOcash, balance to the government.  A-50-FOOT LOT on Vernon street. Nelson, on which  there is a one-story ollice building. I'rice, ��1200; S500  cash, balance in easy payments.  A 2;T0-AC1.K HANOI-, situated on the outlet. 12 miles  northeast of Nelson. Ten acres cleared and 100 acres  more that can be: 40 acres in wild hay. Good story  and a half hewed-log .house. Price. S'_000; half cash,  time on balance. Title crown grant. Call on or address  Jobn Houston & CO., Nelson, B. C."  Hotel for Sale.  (The estate of McKachren & Co. iu lif'iiidution.)  THE HOTEL SLOCAN.  TIIK PKINOII'AL IIOTKL IN THE CITY OF KASLO.  NOTICE.  The sifting of the county court, of Kootenay, to bo  holden at Nelson, has boon postponed until Monday, the  21st day of May, A.I). 1804. ���T_..,-V.   ���    ,,  T. H. GIKKIN, Registrar.  Nolson, R,C��� December llth, 18!W,  This house occupies two lots on the corner  of 4th street and A avenue and is 50 by  100 feet in size. It has three floors and  about 70 bed-rooms, nearly all of which  are furnished.  Arrangements have been made by which the lots can  be sold with the house. The house has been running  eight months and has done a naying business, and which  by good management, could be greatly improved. For  terms and particulars apply to  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Assignee.  Ivaslo. II. C, December lHfli. 1��W.      '   Notice   of  Application   for   Certificate   of  Improvements���Rand Mineral Claim.  Take notice that I, D. F. .Strobeck. free miner's certificate No. 1III2I, intend, sixty days from lhe date hereol.  to apply to the gold commissioner for a certillcate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant  of the above claim. And further take notice that adverse claims must; be sent to the mining recorder at  Ainswortli and action commenced before the issuance of  such certillcate of improvements.  Dated this 13th day of January, 181)1.  I). F. STKOHKCI-.  Notice of Dissolution of Copartnership.  Notce is hereby given that the partnership heretofore  existing between William 0. McLean and John Lane of  Ivaslo City. B.C., under and of the name and si.yle of  McLean & Coinnany, is dissolved by the withdrawal of  said McLean from the said partnership. And the said  William U. McLean hereby gives notice that he will not  bo responsible for any debts contracted in the name of  the said linn by the said John Lane.  Dated at Ivaslo City, H. 0. this first day of March. A.  I).. 1S0I. W. C. Mi'LKAN.  Witness:   Oim*i,i'S W. McAnn.  " NOTICE.  We are making a change in our business on the 1st, of  March. All parlies indebted to us are requested to settle  with tin- undersigned by cash or otherwise before the end  of February. After that date all old accounts will be  placed with our solicitor for collection.  1 JOHN A. TUItNKU,  Manager for J. Fred Hume & Co.  Nelson, February 5th, 18II4.  x��1  n Tllfi TUniUJ-TE:   jSTiJLSOK, B.G.,'SATtTbDAY, MA J. CM   il, mi  "0  New Denver, situated as it is at the mouth of Carpenter Creek, on the east side of Slocan Lake, is within easy reach  of every mine in the ^reat Sloean Mining* Division of West Kootenay District, and, notwithstanding* all reports to the  contrary, is the only town so situated. It is one of the few townsites in West Kootenay whose owners can give absolute title to lots. Business men, mining men, miners, and prospectors, desiring* either sites for stores, offices, or  residences, will be liberally dealt with.    Prices range from $25  for residence lots to $500 for business   lots.    Apply to  enver  INK OF  Capital,  Best,  all paid  up,     -  112,000,000  6,000,000  Sir DONALD  A.  SMITH   Hon.  GEO.  A.  IMtUAIAIONI)..  E.  S. CLOUSSTON   ���r   President   Vice-President  .General Manager  _>t:__i__30__t _3_=-_^3>*rc___:  N. W. Cor. Baker and Stanley Streets.        IlltAX-IIKS  IN        LONDON  (England),   NEW YORK,   CHICAGO,  and iu the principal cities in Canada.  Uny and sell Sterling Kxchango and Cable Transfers.  (ilCAN'i' COMMl'K-l.W, ANN THAVKI.I.BIW' CltKWTS,  available in any part of the world.  mtAKTS is-sui-n; coi.m-'utio.ns jiadk; ktc.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  IIATK OF INTKltKST (at present) '.H Per Cent.  THE POWDER MINE.  At five o'clock in the evening of the 21st  of JMtirch, ISM, the Knglish camp before  tlie walls of I-ocq was in a state of high  excitement.  The town, a stronghold of Napoleon, ltty  011 the French coast not far above the  month of the C-ironde. It was jirotectet!  on two sides by the nature of the ground,  twirl at the vein- was open to the sea. In  front stootl tt massive bastion, which for  ten days had bade defiance to the artillery.  of the English; but the sappers had been  working day and night, and at last the  tunnel of their mine had reached the  bastion, and had broken unexpectedly  into a cellar underneath it. This cellar,  belonging to a house whicli stood.against  the wall inside the town, was entered  from the house above by a flight of spiral  .steps; so that the miners found themselves, to their dismay, open to discovery  at any -moment by the inmates, of the  house. They Avere compelled to trust to  speed and silence"to-accomplish their design without disturbance; and so far all  was well. A store of bags of powder had  been conveyed into the cellar, and everything was now in readiness for the explosion, which was to blow the wall into  the air and leave a breach for the storming party'to rush into the town.  Inside'the mine���that is, inside the cellar of which we have been speaking���half-  a-dozen men had just put the final touches  to the preparations. The feeble gleam of  a dark lantern, which scarcely served to  show their faces in the gloom, glimmered  ou a ring of bags which occupied the middle of tne floor, on the black and shining  grains of gunpowder which filled them to  the brim, antl on the snake-like loops of  fuse which linked them each to each.  This fuse, atone point, ran along the floor  and ended in a piece of slow-match, near  the spot at wliich the opening of the  tunnel gaped blackly in the wall, like a  gigantic rat's-hole. This match, 'lighted  by the man selected for the duty, and the  hist fo leave the mine, would smoulder  ���for about four minutes. Then the terrific  firework would explode.  One by one, (ive of the sappers passed  into the tunnel and disappeared. The  sixth, keeping the dark lantern with him.  was left to wait until the passage should  be clear before he touched the match and  hastened after hi.s companions.  The soldier in question was a young  ollieer of seven- and- twenty -- lieutenant Hilary Vane, lie wore the uniform of his regiment ���short scarlet  coat, blue trousers, and peaked cap  ���and was armed with sword antl pistols.  Though not exceptionally tall or broad in  figure, lie was noted among his comrades  for his feats of strength, as well its for his  coolness anrl resource in danger���-traits of  character apparent in his plain, strong  features anel in his grey-blue, fiery eyes.  A physiognomist might, perhaps, have  detected in his features tt sign of his chief  failing, which was too great a readiness  to act on impulse, without giving hi.s  calmer judgment time to speak.  On being left alone he leaned   his back  against the wall antl  waited.    A minute  passed--two minutes.   Then  he stooped  his ear to the  mouth of  the  tunnel  aud  listened   intently.     Presently   from   the  other  end   came the  faint report   of   a  pistol-shot; it was the signal that the passage was clear.    lie turned  to  the  spot  , Avhere the fuse rested, and, with his finger  ion the fastening of  the lantern,   was on  'the point of drawing back the slide in  [order to ignite the match   which  lie hold  tready in his hand,   when  another sound  which froze  the cellar  struck upon his ears���a soiint  the current of his blood.  Someone was coming down  stairs!  The stair, as already mentioned, formed  a spiral, so that only live or six ol> the  lowest steps were visible. The lieutenant,  with his finger on the slide and his eyes  fixerl upon the steps, remained porfecdy  motionless, waiting for the intruder to  appear in sight. One thought only occupied his mind. Jf he were discovered  lie would do hi.s duty; he would fling the  lighted match into the nearest bag, ttnrl  blow himself and the intruder into the  air together.  Even as the thought passed through his  mind, he saw the twinkle of a caudle, as  its bearer turned the corner of the steps  and came suddenly into view. The lieutenant caught his breath. The newcomer was tt girl.  She came slowly down the steps, holding the candle low to see where she was  treading, her face, ringed round with  darkness, shining out in its full light.  She was young���perhaps seventeen���and  as lovely tis a picture. Kvery detail of  her figure the lieutenant saw. or rather  felt, burnt in tt single instant unfornet-  ably upon hi.s brain, as he stood like a  man petrified, with hi.s eyes upon her.  A torriblodilomma was before him. True,  his duty was as phi in as ever: but he could  not���he could not���send this beautiful  young creature to a sudden and a dreadful doom. There was only one alternative���she must escape with him. Me held  himself in readiness tint! waitetl, silent tis  ti figure cut in stone.  From the ease of hor demeanour as she  came down the stair, it was clear that  she had no suspicion of what had happened in the vault. At the bottom of tlie  steps she stopperl and, with the candle  raised above her head, was about to cross  the cellar to a bin which scooil against the  further wall, when her eye alighted on  the bags of powder in the middle of'tlie  floor. 'For.a moment she stood still, gazing tit them. Then she raiser! her eyes,  and  they ��� fell ��� upon  the  form  of Hilary  Vane.  before her in  quick,  tunnel:  stand ing ������motion less  the gloom.  ���With a. stifled shriek she turned towards  the steps, up which in another moment  she would have vanished, when Hilary,  darting past her, placet! himself between  her and the exit. She shrank back, staring at the sudden apparation with large  eyes wide, with terror. He laid his finger  ou his lips.  "Not a, sound,' or till i.s lost," he said,  rapidly and eagerly, in French; "this cellar is a mine, anrl we are going to blow it  lip. But fear nothing: you'are safe.". Me  pointed with his finger to the tunnel.  "Escape instantly; that way;  quick!  your life depends upon it.'  She cast a swift glance at  the  but to his surprise she rlirl not stir.  "Quick!" he repeater!, quivering; with  impatience. '���'There is not a moment to  be lost.    Quick!   Quick!"  So far from obeying hini, however, the  girl, with the sudden rush of a wild creature, endeavored to dart past him up the  stops. With a movement as rapid as her  own he barred the passage.  "Listen!" he said, speaking with a sort  of fierce impetuosity. "I wish to save  you, but by giving tin alarm you risk not  only my own life, but the lives of my  companions, who will return to ascertain  what has gone wrong, anrl will be taken  prisoners. Before that happens, I shall  throw this light into the powder there,  anrl end us both together. Come: be  reasonable.    Will you go?"  "No," she said.    "No, no!"  "But why?" he asked, astonished.  The girl wrung her hands in agony  cannot," she cried, wildly. "iWy lover is  lying wounded in the house above us. If  he dies, I will die with him. I have only  left him for a moment���the doctor sent  me down to fetch ti Mask of brandy. Oh,  .-���ir." she cried, flinging herself suddenly  at Hilary's feet, "spare him, spare hini!  for the love of heaven !"  Hilary paused, in truobleaurl perplexity.  "It is impossible," lie said. "I connot  save him if 1 would: 1 can stive you only.  If I dt) not (ire the. mine, my comrades will  return and fire it."  "But by that time the cellar will be  guarded by our soldiers, and your comrades will be seized as they come in."  "Yes, tis I said; they wili bo seized! No.  I cannot���I will not- -betray my own companions. 1 would rather, a.s 1 told you,  throw this match into the powder. And  you! you must not you shall not sacrifice your life without avail. No; you  must come with me."  He advanced a step towards her, resolved to bear her through the tunnel anrl  to save her in her own despite, touching  the iuse with fire a.s they departed. But  tis he moved the girl stepped back a pace  aud raised (he candle iu her hand above a  bag of powder.  "Stop!" she cried. "I refuse. I tell you,  to be saved alone. You have taught me  what to do. If you try to take me, I will  drop the candle.'"  Hilary  drew   back,   petrified.    The refusal of the girl  doomed   them   both  to  death; yet even at that  moment he ex-  icrieneed a relief that the act whicli sent  ier to destruction had   been  taken   from  ���I  his hands.    But there was now no method  of escape; to delay���to parley���would be  to risk the lives of his-companions, who  might return at any  instant to see what  was the cause   of   the   delay.    Drawing  himself erect, he crossed   hi.s arms  upon  his chest, antl,   with  his  eyes still  fixer!  upon the girl, said quietly:���  "So be it.    Drop the candle."  The   girl stood   motionless a  moment,  with her   hand outstretched.    A  tremor  shook her frame from head to foot.   Then  she shut her eyes,  unclasped her fingers,  and let the candle fall.  Marl she kept her eyes unclosed, the  candle would have fallen, as she intended,  on the powder. As it was, it struck the  margin of the bag and thence rebounded  to the floor, where it was instantly extinguished, leaving the cellar in pitchy darkness.  Hilary drew back the slide of his dark  lantern. By its gleam the two looked at  each other. Both their faces were as  white as ashes.  "Fortune is against you." said Hilary,  after a silence. "You tire the bravest girl  1 ever heard of. but you tire fated to be  saved, do what you will."  "Then fate must save my lover also,"  she replied. |  "Come with me," he repeated urgently.  "To refuse is madness. Quick, or it will  be too late; my comrades will be coining  back  to see what is the  matter "He  stopped abruptly, struck by an irlea.  ������Unless,"     he     continued,     speaking  rapidly, as  if reflecting,   "unless   I   stop  them.    Yes���yes: it might be done.   And  it will   be a  breach  of  were   caught,  I  should  and   what   is   more,   I  my     fate.       But     I  turned quickly  to the  obey ine?" lie said earn-  yet!   Well,  yes.  duty,   anrl   if   I  be   shot    for   it,  should     deserve  must do it."   He  girl.    "Will you  estly.  She looked at him intently.  " Do you mean to sas*e me only?"  ".No-    I shall try to stive you both."  " Yes," she said, " I will obey."  "Then stand here without moving till I  return.to you."  Drawing a clasp- knife from his pocket,  he approached the nearest bag. and, with  two swift cuts, divided the fuse which  linked it to the bags on either-side. Then,  cutting off a piece of the slow-match, and  sticking it erect into the powder, he lifted  up the bag with hi.s left hand, and with  the lantern'in his right he disappeared  into the entrance of the tunnel. For  some seconds the girl could hear his movements,'growing fainter as he reeded, until  he seemed to be about-a .hundred feet  ���along, the shaft when all .sound ceased entirely for perhaps ten seconds; then he  was heard hastily returning. When he  emerged into the cellar he still held the  candle, but the bag was gone.  "ft is alight," he gasped, seizing the  girl's wrist, anrl drawing her rapidly towards the cellar steps, up which he hastened until the winding of the spiral shut  them from the vault below. Then he  ��� stopped, and listened eagerly.  For some seconds���perhaps half a minute���all was silent. Then all at once there  came the sound of an explosion; a blast  of air rushed fiercely up the cellar steps;  a thick smoke filled the vault. Then all  was still.  "Wait," he said, "I shall return directly;" and he disappeared into the cellar. Almost instantly he was by her side  again.  "All is well," he sairl. "The explosion,  as I hoped, litis caused thesandy soil whicli  roofs tlie tunnel to fall in. The passage is  blocked, and no one can now enter. Now,"  he continued, "how long will it take .you  to remove your lover from the house?"  The girl considered. "Five minutes."  she said.  "I  will give you  six. 'The doctor you  will, of course, take with   you.    Is then;  anyone else in the house?"  '"'No,"  "Anyone in the street outside?" j  "Yes.    The   street    is    crowded    with i  soldiers." I  "They must  take  their chance.    Now. !  go.    But if you give an alarm, and I hear '  a step approaching I shall fire the powder.  If you follow my directions, you and your  lover will be saved."  The girl caught his hand in hers and  pressed it to her lips.  "Heaven will reward anrl bless you,"  she sairl, fervidly. "You will never repent what you have done tonight.''  Hilary Vane looked after her a.s she  turned away and darted up the step.s, and  laughed a little bitterly. She took it for  granted that he would ;:ave himself, and  at the worst be taken prisoner. But he  knew that nothing now remained for hini  but to rlo his duty and to die in doing it.  If, when he fired the fuse, he should dash  up the collar steps and escape into the  street, the secret of this mine would be endangered. No: he had given the girl time  to stive her life anrl her lover's, but only  at the sacrifice of his own.  He drew out his watch, placed it in the  light, and stood motionless, with his eyes  fastened ou the dial, the match ready in  his hand, and his ears stretched for any  sound ol'steps upon the cellarstairs. But  none came; the girl had kept her part of  the agreement. The hand crept forward  on  the dial.    One minute  passed    two  three���four���five. A faint sound reached  his ear from the tunnel of the mine: his  comrades had returned tis far as the spot  of the explosion, and were striking at the  debris with their picks. Jiealmostsmiled  again as he thought of tbe;>v bewilderment. Then he looked at tYieV^ial-phite;  the hand touched the figure^or, which he  had been waiting. He raised his hand  which held the lighted match, and, setting his teeth hard, lowered the flame  above the bag until it touched the powder.  The roar aud crash of the explosion  shook earth and sky for ten miles round,  as the huge buildings lea perl into theair in  fragments, like a spadeful of gravel tossed  up by a strong man. The English storming party rushed in through the ruins,  and five minutes afterwards their flag  floated from the walls.  But why the explosion had been so long  delayed, why the tunnel had collapsed so  unaccountably, and why lieutenant Vane  had disappeared, were mysteries discusser!  that night round every soldier's fire, but  which found no solution. And it was not  till some days later that ti story told by a  young girl, and passed with thrilling  blood from mouth to mouth, showed how  one more English soldier had proved himself a hero.       The Magna Charta of Its Freedom.  The government   of Great Britain deserves all the praise that grateful citizens  can bestow upon it.    In setting the eight  hour day upon foot the government has  struck  the greatest  blow  for industrial  liberty of these many years past.    For the  action  of the government,  the greatest-  employer of labor in the united kingdom,  will   necessarily  react  upon  the  private  employers, anrl   practically compel them  to follow in the wake of the government's  lead.    The eight hour day is a reform for  which till schools of advanced Democrats  have been lighting for years, but between  converting the private employer and converting the sttite there is all the difference  iii the world.    For a time there will be no  'appreciable  effect on  the  labor-market,  but without a doubt before three months  are over the army of the unemployed will  be steadily drawn upon, and the present  distress will be  very largely mitigated.  Tlie eight hour day, although not in itself  a solution of the labor  problem   in Creat  Britain, i.s at least a mighty step towards  thttt solution.   The government need not  fear that their bold and generous experiment will prove tt costly one.   The advocates of the eight hours have always'contended���and   their content-on -has,never  been  upset���that  work under the eight  hour system   is  more efficient anrl more  productive than the old system of unending coil.-  Doctors will  tell  you the; same  thing.    The faculty, with one accord, has  always declared  that eight hours toil ���  whether of brain  or muscle���is  the extreme limit of human capacity, and .that  work protracted beyond that term is inefficient,   less   productive,  and therefore  . more costly.    The eight hours day means  better  work, more intelligent work, and  more willing work, and, therefore, on the  ground of economy alone, of the employers' pro/its alone���to say  nothing of the  incalculable    benefit   it   secures    to   tlie  worker���is to be commended by humanitarians and   political   economists   alike.  .Vow we must wait to see the eight hour  principle filter down through the ranks'of  tho private, employers.   They will watch  to see the results  in the government departments,   tis   these, results  will   infallibly  turn  out  to  the  profit of  the  nation,   we  will  see  the  private employer i  adopting  the   system.    The government !  litis earned the eternal gratitude of social ;  reformeis.   This one  administrative act  is   vastly more valuable than a  hundred  Home Hide Bills and  many Parish Councils Bills.    The Gladstone government, in  short, has given labor the Magna Charta.  of its freedom.  undiscoverttble owing to the various Norman titles under which they disguise  their eastern origin. Mow gootl olrl Moses,  Joshua, David, and the other patriarchs  would be shocked to find the chosen race  forsaking the old Hebraic names for the  Sidneys. Fit/.herberts, and other appellations by which the Norman conquerors of  the Anglo-Saxon were known.  Politics' and Gambling- in Brazil.  "Polities and gambling" tire, according  to sir Benja.min Stone, the great banes of  the   Brazils.     People having gained   an  ample fortune'by collecting intlia rubber,  will start gambling at the top of the river,  and by the time the journey to the river's  mouth has been completed they are without a cent.    Day anrl night men, women,  and children sit playing cards for large  stakes.   Sir Benjamin has lately been in  Brazil as a member of the solar eel ipse expedition, and he has made it  his business  to gather facts relating to the  numerous  revolutions which occur in that country.  In one town  he  found   that  the  people,  having decitlet! to "fireout the governor,"  went about the business in a very deliberate fashion.    The soldiers were drawn up  in   front of  the  palace,  and  before  tlie  bombardment was commenced were taken  in a group by   the   local   photographer.  Afterwards the "firing out" having been  duly performed, a second photograph of  the victors was taken.    Asa further illustration of the seriousness of a'Brazilian  revolution, sir Benjamin tells the story of  au   outbreak.     The   British   consul   was  aroused from sleep one morning by ti terrible commotion.    On inquiring the cause  he was told   it was a revolution.    "Oh, is  that all," he said.    "I  was afraid  it  was  my  men   out  on   strike," and he  turned  over anrl went  to sleep again.    But the  revolution   was   somewhat   serious.    Between loO anrl 1 GO persons were killed.    It  occurred on a Sunday, and was successful.   Two days later the commandant of  the   forces met  the   ex-governor on   the  street anrl said:    "J wanted to see you.    I  have just had a telegram from Rio.    The  revolution was all a mistake, and I am to  put you back into office."   They .called on  the new governor, who, in answer to an  inquiry    from    the   commandant,   said:  "Yes, I have had  a   telegram   from   Bio.  .What had I better rlo?"    'Won had better,  go," was the   reply,   "or 1  shall   fire  you  out!"   The new governor, adrls sir Benjamin, retired gracefully, and displace having been filled-by' the" old governor, both  political parties in the town  united .'in-a.  public funeral for the  victims of the  revolt. :..    *  OOTENAY  HOTEL,  Kootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  A full stock of lumber rouffh mid dressed. Shingles,  laths, susli, doors, mouldings, ete. Three carloads dry.  clem- llr Mooring unci ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  C.& K.S.N.CO.  I.I.MITKI).  WINTER   SCHEDULE  lICOOTFNA V   I.AIv'Kl  In elt'col .lunimry SI li. IMII.  Titled Names Often Assumed.  The ignorant old countrymen, who  dearly love a lord, never stay to eou-  sidor what i.s the origin of many of these  titles. Of course anyone who litis read  history is well aware of the fact that the  ancient titles are mostly founded on mur-  rler and robbery or tiie debauching of  female relatives to kings, while the modern titles are generally given to the owners of a large number of public houses,  who establish breweries in order to supply  those houses with inferior liquor, and to  various usurers and money lenders, who  negotiate largo loans iu London. It i.s  veryr amusing to note the way in wliich  many of these lords alter their names.  Thus, the original mime of the present  duke of Xorthumhcrdiud, who rails himself by the assumed name of "Percy," is  Siiiithson. liord Ventry assumed the  name of De Molcyns: his original name  was .Mullins. Ho the marquis ('onyiigham  was originally .Mr. Burton. The real  name of lord Anglescti. who calls himself  Paget, is Bayley: and so of the martinis  of l-tiiisdowne, who calls himself F\V/.-  iiiiiuriec; his real name is Petty. The  .lews who have been good enough to settle in (h'eat Britain tire very like the  aristocracy iu the matter of assumed  names.    Oriental  visitors are now almost  STEAMER  l.l'AVKS  Nl'I.SON:  .Monday.-, !l      a. in.  Wednesdays. .'i:|li p. in.  Thursdays^ .*> p. m.  Saturdays.       .*p:|ii p. in.  'NELSON"  I.K.WKs K.isi.o:  Tuesdays, .'! a. in.  Thur.*duy.-, ,H a. in.  Fridays. :i n. in.  Sundays,      ,X a. in.  Passengers from ICaslu. to make close connection with  Nelson & Fort Sheppard I tail way for points soul li, should  take Sleaiuer Nelson, leaving Ka.-lo al :i a. in. on Tuc,*-  ilnys and Fridays.  The company'reserve- the right lo change thi.sselicdulo  at any time without notice.  J. W.  TROUP, Manager.  Situate on Vernon  Street, Near Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  Its Guests can Obtain  Splendid Views  of Both the  Mountains and River.  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  THE ROOMS  AUK CONVKNIKNT ANIJ  COAIKOKTAHLK.  THE TABLE  IS THK   HKST   IN  THK  MOUNTAINS.  Spokane Falls & Nor.Iiern Bailway,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway.  All Rail to Spokane, Washington.  A. Al  NKLSON  .Arrive ft:U) I'. M.  Commencing .laniiary Sl li. I.stil. on Tuesdays and Friday- train- will run llirough lo Spokane, arriving then'  at ft:'.in I'. .\l, -anie day. Ifi-tin'iiing Mill leave Spokane  al 7 A. Al. on Wcdne'-day- and Saturday.-, arriving ul  Nelson ul .I: in P. Al., making close 'connect inn- with  sl earner Xelson for all Koolenay lake points.  ANNOUNCEMENT.  For   Member   of   the   Legislative   Assembly.  The iindei-Mgncd announces himself as a candidate for  in em her of the legislative asscmhly from I he south riding  of West Kootenay Ilislriet, siilijeel to the action of the  convention to he held al Nel*on on April I*_t li. I HIM.  Nelson, ./miliary lolli. 1KUI. .1. FltKI) IK/MIC.  Special Attention to Miners.   THE BAR IS FIRST-CLASS.  ILVER KING  HOTEL  John Johnson, Proprietor  Extensive  Improvements  Now Completed.  All Rooms  Refitted and  Refurnished  FINEST WINES,   LIQUORS, AND   CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  IN  Special  Attention to Miners.  ItOOAIS Kl ItST-CI.A.SS.  UATKS AIODKUATK.  HE MADDEN  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B.C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE  THE  MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE BAR  18 SUI'I'MKI) WITH  TIIK  HKST BRANDS OK ALL  KINKS OK WINKS, l.IQL'Oit.S, AND CKIAI'.S.  Special Attention to Miners.  HENELSON  Hotel Dining-Room  Under the Management of  JOHN F. GILL  Has iiml with all lhe rci|iiirciuent* of the patron* and  Kile.-!.-* of Ihe house, which is now (he resort of lhe lead-  iriK in in i tif-C men of Ihe country. First-class iiiiiiiiitfcinfiit  is sin-c to al tract your al tent ion and patroniiifc.  Itntes:   Single meals. ;Vl cents: day hoard. #7 nerweck.  .Meal hour--: llreiikfust. from t! lo ll.-.'dl; lulu -li, \2 lo 2;  dinner, S.'.'Mi to X.  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  Is one of the hot hotels in Toad  .Mountain di.-triel. and  i* the headquarter* for prospector.* anil  working   miner.*.  MALONE    &    TRECrlLLUS.    Props.  INFORMATION WANTED.  Anv per*on knowing llie whereahoilts of William .Macdonald, a Scotchman and a miner, who left South K��l-  inontou, .Wliorta, in the *uniiner or early fall of IS!-, for  Ihe inoiiniains, will confer a R''i'at favor hy addres*iiiK  either llie undersigned or Tin: TliHU'Ni:, \el*on. Hiili-h  Coliilnhia. Mr. .Macdonald was ae<|iiallitcil with it pro*-  peelor mimed Tom Smith. A.  Alrl.KAN.  South Kdmonton. Alherla, February Kiiil, ISM.  iBBaHWBaiffl^  ^,3^^ THE  TRIBUTE:   ISfELSON, B. C, SATURDAY,  MARCH   I),  1891.  THE   WEEK'S   ORB   SHIPMENTS.  For the week emlintc  Alarch 171 li. the ore shipments  over the-Nelson & Fort .Sheppard railway were:  Silver King mine, Nelson ilislriet    Id tons   1(1 Ions  Total.  ,��IKMI  Value (estimated ut Sl-fl a ton)   THIS    WEEK'S    NEW    ADVERTISEMENTS.  John F. (till, Kaslo���Dining-room Hotel Sloi.-an.  Fred .1. Scpiire. Nelson���Alerelmiit tailor.  tl.   A.   Big-low,  secretary.   Nelson���Annual   meeting  South Kootenay Hoard of Trade.  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  I_. E. Plitiir litis taken charge of the  Hotel Sloean at Kaslo. He has lea*ed the diniiiK-rooin  to John F. (Jill, who luis retired from the management  of the (liniiiK*1'00"10' Lllu Nelson hou*e.  It is reported Tho .Minor will on the 1st  of April remove from its present i-uiirtui's on linker;direct  to llie Jowett 1'iiiliiiiiK '���" Victoria street. It is al*o  rumored Hint miiniiKL;r Kenwiek will retire and lie succeeded hy a well-known real estate and mine broker.  Fred Irvine rutui'iitxl L(j Nelson on  Thursday from St. .lohn. New Hriiuswicl-, where he  .������pent most of the winter, lie say.* lhe business men of  Sl. John and oilier eastern towns do mil complain of hard  times, ami to nil appearance* there is little cause for eom-  ])laint. The represental ives of Toronto ami Alontreal  wholesale houses whom lie met also report orders fully  nil to the average year. Spokane nnil oilier eilies iu lhe  United States through wliich he passed, h'i>inj< and coming, appear to he wry dull.  The Nelson 6c Fori: Shepptird train due  at Nelson on Wednesday afternoon did nol arrive until  Tliursdavforenoon. The delay was caused hy the breaking of a truck-wheel flungo as the train was crossing the  l'end d'Oreille river bridge. The passengers wore hold  at Waneta all night.  Mr. GriHitli of Wild Morse creek,  East  Kootenay, reports; thirty men were clearing right-of-way,  making "ties. etc.. nil winter on the Crow's Nest I'ass  road, and thai It. I. T. Oalhraith has been appointed  Indian agent, vice Michael I'hillipps.  Alexander   Wills   has   started   up  the  Nelson brewery, anil is prepared to lill orders for keg  beer.  The Ktislo Times is now under the management of Will Hanks, who al one lime was editor and  proprietor of The Tribune, Great Falls, Montana. He  intends to remove his family to Kaslo in tho early spring.  The ladies' airl society of the Presbyterian church will give nn "at home'' at Harrolt's ballon  Tuesdav evening, the _Oth instant. A spelling bee will  be one'of the attractions. There will he music, games,  and refreshments. A collection will lie taken up at. the  door.  The finances of tlie Kootenay Lake General Hospital Society, like those of llie'province of Ontario, are in a most satisfactory condition. The society is  out of debt and has ��ll��(i.O- in its treasury. The province  had a surplus last year of S.'ISI.TU" and has assets of  SO.121.001 and liabilities of only .S-I.HW.  T. E. Allen, secretary of tlie C. 6c. K. S.  N. Co., was married at Ollawa ou he 1st instant to Aliss  Mabel Stephens. This means that the handsome cottage  at the corner of Victoria and Falls streets is to be occupied as soon as Air. and Airs. Allen have seen some of  the sights in the large eastern cities.  Menry Cody anrl Thomas Garvey, who  have been' at work all win lor nl the Noble Five 'mines, in  ��� Klooan district, are in Nelson. They report snow falling  al. the mines every dny I'or six weeks, since February  2nd. On the nortli side of the mountains the snow must  be nearly twenty feet deep, as it is fully twelve feet dee])  on the south side.  William  Perdue arrived  in  Nelson   on  Thursday from a trip through Alberta. He came down  by way of the Columbia river to Nakusp, thence across  by New Denver and Kaslo. He says the snow is from  four to six feet deep between Kevelstoke and lhe head of  Upper Arrow lake, and the sleigh road in good condition.  Tracklaying will again begin on the Revelstoke & Arrow  Jjakc railway about April Ist. The grade is completed  to "the wigwam," a point live miles below the "(Jreen  .Slide," which i.s the present, end of lhe track. The little  steamer Arrow makes two round trip* a week (on .Mondays and Friday*) between the head of the lake and Nakusp, a distance of about thirty-live iniles.  The following was first published in Tlie  Columbian of New Westminster: "John A. Murray,  champion chopper of liritish Columbia, has signified his  intention of going to Tasmania to take part, iu u chopping  contest for the championship of the world, which takes  place in November. lie will go as the representative ax-  man of Canada, and a.s such will be entitled to ��10J for  expenses. The prizes aggregate ��2.500. Murray has  chopped in mutches in Ontario, Michigan, Wisconsin,  and British Columbia, anil has never been beaten.  The Canadian .Pacific lias refunded the  provincial government the sum of 31-0I.-I2. its half uf  the expenses of surveying the townsite of Nelson and  grading streets in the town.  Goldstein  &  Flaherty,   avIio   lost  over  SfiOOO by the Kaslo fire, opened their new place of business on Front street today. So far. they are the only  hofehnen who have attempted to rebuild.  Arrivals: Byron N. White, from Spokane, on route to Sloean district: Tom Feehan, from Trail  creek: W. S. Jones. Canadian customs, from Halifax.  Mrs. Kd Corning, Aliss Aura Corning, and the Misses  Corning, from Nakusp, en route to Spokane.  The train crew of the Columbia 6c Kootenay were out yesterday clearing the track of that air  line"railway of snow and ice, preparatory for the tourist  travel.   The C.& IC. is strictly a summer road.  The green is-above the red today, and  the orange is nowhere in sight���except on the fruit stands.  . All the rooms in the Nelson hotel are  to be repapered, and tho work is now going on apace  under the direction of A. J. Alarks, one of the proprietors, who is himself a skillful and artistic papcr-hang-er  and decorator.  According "-to a return to the legislature  showing the timber royalty collected in West Kootenay  since July ist, 1S0O, the Nelson Sawmill Company is the  only mill outfit that has paid any royalty. The sum paid  by it is stated to be S500. While it is the only mill in the  district that has been more or less continuously operated,  yet it seems strange that other mills have not contributed  something iu the way of royalty.  No one need go without Perry's Alining Map now, as  the price has been greatly reduced. Unmounted copies,  $1; mounted styles, in proportion. Apply or write to  AValbey & Co., Kaslo: T. Abriel. Nakusp; or to the C. &  K. 8. N. Co., Nelson.  A Steamboat Company Ready for Business.  Captain Troup, manager of the C. & K.  S. N. Co., has received advices that the  ice i.s yet solirl in the Columbia river between Revelstoke and Upper Arrow lake,  and in Kootenay river between Bonner's  Ferry and the lower end of Kootenay  lake. He says hi.s conipany will be ready  to operate boats on both rivers as soon as  they are navigable. The .steamer Columbia litis been overhauled, anrl I'or a time  will be run between Trail and Northnort.  She will not run north of Trail until the  stage of water will allow her to cross  Kootenay rapids. The Spokane will be  placed on the Bonner's Perry route, and  the number of trips she will make a week  will depend altogether on the amount of  business offering. Jt is yet too early to  state definitely what the service will bo  on the Columbia river. If trains tire run  daily on the Nelson 6c Fort .Sheppard, it is  more than likely .steamers will be run  daily north of Robson.  Fond of Doing Unheard-of Aots.  Of the papers brought down in the legislature regarding the Nakusp & Slocan  railway, a certified copy of an order in  council, approved in .June, I��!).'{, is tt fair  sample of the documents produced in regard to that road. The order in council  reads: "On the recommendation of the  chief commissioner of lands and works, a,  strip of land a mile wide on each side of a  line following Wilson creek I'or two miles,  more or less, to a point on Carpenter creek  about three miles above its mouth is  reserved from lease, stile, or settlement,  in furtherance of the construction of the  Nakusp & Slocan railway." The chief  commissioner of lands anrl works  would  have ah exceedingly hard trip in reaching  a point on Carpenter creek three iniles  above its mouth by following Wilson  creek for a distance of two miles. But,  then, the chief commissioner of lands antl  works is fond of doing unheard-of acts in  order that the forks of Carpenter creek  shall be benefited.  UNEQUAL   TAXATION.  Working Miners Required to Pay a Tax not  Requird of Other Workinermen.  Last month an effort was made in the  legislature to pass a law that would discourage the employment of Chinese or  Japanese in coal mines in this province.  The employment of Chinese or .Japtiue.se  was to render the owner, agent, or manager of the mine employing them subject  to a penalty of not more than ���$���) or less  than $2.')0 I'or each day or part of a day  each Chinese or Japanese was employed.  Of course, the bill was declared out of  order by the speaker, after speeches  against it were made by niinister-of-  niines Baker and attorney-general Davie.  They based their arguments solely on  "inequality of taxation;" that it was unfair to tax the coal miner who employed  Chinese, when the cannery owner and  sawmill owner could employ them at will  without taxation. The argument is, no  doubt, based on equity; but minister-of-  niines Baker probably forgets that his  attention wtis called, in KSSSJ. to -i form of  glaringly unequal taxation, that is, to the  tax levied against till men working in or  about quartz or placer mines. Minister  Baker's attention has been called to the  matter at every session of the legislature  since ISSO; but. somehow, he is unable to  screw his courage up to demand the repeal of the unfair tttx; anrl, as it has been  ruled that legislation affecting the revenue can only be introduced by the government, outside members can do nothing  in the matter. The unequal taxation is  levied and collected under the provisions  of section S of the Mineral Act, which is  as follows:  .Sections. Kvery person and joint slock company engaged in mining for minerals (other than coal) sliall take  out a free miner's certilicatc, and every person or joint  -stock conipany who mines or works as a miner.in any  mineral claim, mine held as real estate, or tunnel, or on  any lltiine, drain, or ditch, without having taken out or  obtained such certificate, sliall, on conviction thereof in  a summary way, forfeit and pay a penalty not exceeding  twenty-live dollars, besides costs: I'rovided, always,  that nothing herein contained shall prejudice the right to  collect wages or payment for work done by any person  who, through not being a free minor, has rendered himself liable to the above penally.  Previous to 1SS9, the miner was not only  subject to the unfair tax, but if he had  neglected to pay it, he could not compel  his employer to pay him his wages. So  gootl reason can be given for taxing a man  for the privilege of working in a. quartz  or in tt placer mine, anrl, in all justice, section S of the Mineral Act should be repealed.    The Voters' List.    .  The  following  names were   posted   at  the office of the collector of  voters for  the week ending the loth instant:  Kraser, Itiehard Anderson, printer, Kaslo  McLean,-.Samuel, cook,-Nelson  Herube, Joseph Kmile. station agent, Glacier  Stables. William, gardener, Glacier  AIcArlhur, William A. brakeman, lllecillewaet  Williamson, William, watchman. Glacier  flowon, C. holelkeeper. Three Forks  Brown, Thomas, miner, Kaslo  Forbes. Duncan S, miner, Kaslo  Alalioney, AI .1, miner, Kaslo  Stritland, Anthony, miner, Kaslo  Angrignon. Nestorius, iniiier, New Denver  AlcCliisky, John, miner, Kaslo  liurden, Oscar, carpenter. Pilot Hay  AIoKonzie, llobert Aluiiro. miner, I'ilot Hay  (���'rant, James, miner, Ainswortn  Daiisereau, Louis, clerk. Nakusp  Duly, William, clerk. Nakusp  Aluii'head. William Crosbie, clerk. Nakusp  Naull, C 'Profile, holelkeeper, Nakusp  Nelson, 0, laborer. Nnkusp  .Inekson, John, laborer, Nakusp  Niiult, Ludgor, carpenter. Nakusp  Farrell, Henry, carpenter. Nakusp  lircckc. .1 F. clerk. Nakusp  (tiiinioiiet. Joseph, laborer. Nakusp  Nault, Adelphic, gentleman, Nakusp  Peterson. Shams, laborer, Nakusp  Veiteh, Alexander. laborer. Nakusp  Driseoll. James, painter. Nakusp  Stone, William, laborer, Nakusp  iJeschamps. Samuel, teamster, Nakusp  Sashaw, John Ifenrv. teamster. Nakusp  Plaud, D, laborer, Nakusp  Hector, John, bartender. Nakusp  Jienebe. F. teamster, Nakusp  Anderson. Peter, laborer, Nakusp  Pasicot. T S, foreman, Nakusp  Heaudin. A E. cook, Nakusp  Sansoni, Charles B, clerk. Nelson  Malone, John J, hotelkeeper. Nelson  Toye, Sidney Howard, miner. Nelson  Loudin, Clillbrd P. porter, Nelson  Murphy. .Michael, miner. Kaslo  Sutton, It K, miner, Ivaslo  Roberts, Abraham L, miner, Silverton  Should be Made an Issue.  Mr. Kellie's bill respecting the incorporation of tramway, telephone, and telegraph companies in West Kootenay was  defeated when up for second reading by  the speaker's vote, the members being  equally divided���15 for and Io against.  The bill aimed to do away with the necessity of procuring charters for companies  desiring to build tramways or erect tele-  Fred J. Spire  Large Stock  to  Select From  Merchant Tailor  Prices  to  Suit the Times  B.C.  Slocan  KASLO.  The dining-niuni of this, the only llrst-clasH hotel  in Knsl/i, j* now under the management of the  undersigned, who will endeavor lo make it the  best of any in ICootcnay. The hotel is lhe bead-  i|iiiirl<T* of mining men.  Kaslo, March 171 h, |.H!II.  JOHN F. GILL.  GENERAL ANNUAL MEETING.  The regular general iiiiniial meeting of t he members of  Hie South Koolenay Hoard of Trade will be held in the  Hoard of Trade rooms iu Ihe Houston block at Nelson on  I he Dili day of April, IMH, at lhe hour of -o'clock in the  afternoon. (I. A. MItiKI/OW. Secretary.  Nelson. H.C. March r.'ih. IMH.  -r-1-r-T.n-rrii- r-,- .,.,- iwni..n  graph or telephone lines in this district;  and the one mistake Mi: Kellie made was  in not making it general, instead of for  the district which he represents. Special  legislation should be tin issue in the coming election, as'too much of the time of  the legislature is now taken up in considering private bills. The members voting against the bill were: Anderson,  Baker, Heaven, Booth. Cotton, Croft,  Davie, l_berts, Home, Martin, Milne,  I'ooley, Punch. Hogers, and Smith. In  opposing the bill, premier Davie said the  principle of legislation involved in the  bill was extremely pernicious and should  not be allowed; that under the present  system till these franchises had to be provided by private bill, anrl upon that bill  they had established a course of practice  whicli involved an enquiry by tt properly  constituted committee into the interests  of till persons likely to be affected. The  measure up for consideration proposed to  eradicate all those safeguards aud provide  that irrespective of all other franchises  they would allow the construction of a  tramway." Why not? Why should the  owner of a franchise granted by the legislature be protected from competition more  than the holder of a trader's license issued  by a collector of revenue? Premier Davie  anrl Mr. Boa von and Mr. Cotton are reactionary anrl are evidently out of their  element in a progressive province. All  throe should be retired to private life.  Newspapers -with Little Influence.  A rumor conies from the coast that part  of the clean-up already made in building  the Nakusp <fc Slocan railway has been  used in paying off indebtedness held  against the newspapers that within the  last year changed ownership, and that  further sums'! will be used in the near  future to obtain the control and pay  the running expenses of other newspapers  in the interior. It is safe to say that till  the newspapers so airled and purchased  will have less influence with the electorate  of the interior than that resulting from  the dispensing by ti capable hand of even  so small a quantity as half a. gallon oi" old  rye. Pity 'tis, newspapers haA'e so little  influence.   Getting in New Capital.  ll. E. Lemon, J. F. Hume 6c Co.. and G.  A. Bigelow of Nelson; the Galena Trading  Company of Pilot Bay; and Green Brothers anrl II. Giegerich of Kaslo, all had  their capital increased last week. The  increased capital was put up by the Dominion government, who, apparently, has  great faith in the future of Kootenay. It  might be incidentally mentioned here,  however, that the capital put up by the  government was only a fraction of that  loaned it by the above-named merchants  in the fall of 1892. Mr. Clute, inspector of  customs for the district of Sew Westminster, negotiated the loan.  W, A. JOWETT  (Notary   Public)  Victoria Street, Nelson, B.C.  Mining and Heal Estate Brokep  Commission and Insurance  Agent  KKI'KKSKNTING:  The Confcilcratioii Life Association. The I'liiuiiix Kirc  Insurance Conipany. The Dominion Building & Loan  Association of Toronto. Ktc.  MINES INSPECTED  AND  REPORTED  UPON.  .Several good lots in government townsites of New Denver and Nelson to he sold cheap.  Stores anil otlices to rent at Nelson.  Tenant wanted for ranch on Columbia river near lt"b-  son, or will sell.   Good opportunity.  LOTS    IN    ADDITION    "A"  to sell on easy terms.  Apply at once to  W. A. JOWETT, Victoria St., Nelson, E.C.  W.F.  Cor. Baker and  Josephine  Streets,  Nelson, B. C.  CHEMISTS and  :      DRUGGISTS  A large and complete stock of the leading lines of  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  A large and complete stock of  WALL PAPER  Don't buy inferior whisky when you can have  the best at the same price. We have now  in stock WALKER'S CELEBRATED BRANDS  ORDINARY  IMPERIAL  CLUB  Central Office  of the  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  SEE THAT YOU  GET THEM.  IT WILL  PAY YOU  IN THE END.  We are making ready for a dissolution of partnership, in the early spring,  and from today (Thursday, December 21st) will offer our entire stock of Dry  Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Crockery, and Glassware at cost.  ANNUAL  STOCK TAKI  SALE.  During the month of March we will continue our Discount Sale  in the Dry Goods Department, as we have an enormous stock  and must reduce it before the arrival of our SPRING GOODS.  Special bargains given in Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots, and Shoes.  Sewing* Machines, Newspapers, Books, Stationery  Legal Forms, Office Sundries, Toys, Fancy Goods.  School Supplies  a Specialty .  ___r_R02srT  STEEET,  :KL_A_.SJ__0_  Clothing, Jpy &oods, Boots, Shoes, Grroeeries, Hardware, Iron and Steel  MINING   COMPANIES,   MINERS,  AND   PROSPECTORS  FURNISHED  WITH  SUPPLIES,  irsrarw" x)_b_n~v"_e]_r  EEYELSTOKE -      -      - ___.__t:d     Z_ST__\._E_:TTS:_?  GROCERIES,  HARDWARE,  iners'; Supplies ^  Snag-proof Gum Boots; Lumbermen's Rubbers and Overshoes;  Hand-made Calfskin Boots; Grain and Kip Bluchers; Canvas and  Tan Ox-goods; Congress Imitation Lace and Lace Boots in Kangaroo and Cordovan.   A long line in the latest styles.  ��  The RAILWAY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  ASECOND RAILWAY IN  CHOICE BUILDING- and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  _-___]_3___T__]   ^LLOW-EID   FOE   GOOD   BTTILIDII-sra-S-  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  ____?_?!_TT   :_rO__-    PEICES,   ______-_?S-   ETC,   TO  FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C. and K. R. and N. Co., Nelson, B. C.  HUDSONS' BAY CO.,  Baker Street, Nelson.  AIUWI'.S YOU: .Ton. Hulilifi!, Milwaukee. U.S.A.; Kort  (iiin-y Klour Mills. Winnipfic: Hiram Walker & Sonn,  Wnlk-rvlllK.  Hotelkeepers and housekeepers needing anything in the line of tableware  should call on or send to JACOB DOVER, JEWELER, Nelson, for prices.  He sells Rogers Brothers' knives, forks, and spoons at $8 per dozen;  castors, $4.50 each; butter dishes, from $1.50 to $3.50; pickle dishes,  from $2 to $5.   Full lines of above-mentioned goods always kept in stock.  Houston Block, Corner of Baker and  Josephine Streets.  m&  _Mlil||1>aUlB|_|l_B^^  ,__gwa>_��i.iiB��_ai-mi!Mm  umiiiuMimiuiiii-imu'iiiwii'm  W_,.U_-l_lJJ**i.,J-JJUIMMl".'a^-'^���'i^"'-''''J'''


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