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BC Historical Newspapers

The Tribune 1894-03-10

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 Gfob 9-'
Provincial Library
Presents an Unequalled Field for the Developer
of   Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,   Silver,
Copper,  Lead, and Zinc, as Well as for
the Investor in  Producing Mines.
WA/^6 18 b/,
-.'.■■«- //
^<ty!!A,   B.  t^
Already Completed or Under Construction and
Steamboat   Lines    in   Operation    Make   the
Mining   Camps   and   Towns   in   Kootenay   Accessible   the  Year   Round.
SECOND  YKAPv.-_NT0.  10.
A Camp Thar. Has Grown Steadily Since the
Day of the First Mineral Location, Which
Dates as Far Back as 1882. and Will Prove
an Ore Producer Equal to any Camp in
West Kootenay District.
The first mineral locution mafic in what
mis for a. time locally known as "'Hot
►Springs camp,"' but now named Ainsworth, on tlie west side of Kootenay lake,
was tlie Lulu, located for the late captain
.1. C. Ainsworth by Thomas Hammill, the
date oi' location being' in October. ISS2.
At that time the nearest recording1 ollice
was at Wild Horse, in l_ast Kootenay, all
papers for record being .sent to Bonner's
Kerry, thence.carried by "_scd" Bray to
their destination, he having the mail contract. Afterwards a recording office was
established at Nelson, but for tlie past
four years Ainsworth has been a. separate
mining division, the present resident recorder being T. .i. Leiidruin.
Charles Olson, miner and  hotelkeeper,
is the oldest old-timer now residing in the
ca'mp; he. however, only preceded  A. D.
Wheeler one day.  both   having arrived
there the first week  in .July, 1SS-I.    Both
have  been   prominently   identified   with
the development of thedistrictever since.
During  their first summer   about  J'orty
men  were  in  the cam)) engaged in prospecting, but nearly all left in the fall and
abandoned their claims.   The real life and
existence of Ainsworth began in the.spring
of ISSO.   The fall before ti. 13. Wright had
bonded  the Number One  mine and  had
prosecuted     considerable     development
work during  the  winter.    The  townsite
was cleared, streets laid out. and the work
of   building  a milling   town   was   commenced.    During the spring and summer
'300  tons of ore  were shipped-'from"the
Number   One,   Little   Donald,   Spokane,
and other claims, and at the then ruling
price of silver and  lead,  aided; by   the
United States treasury ruling that  permitted the free admission of the ore into
the lini ted States, the shipments were all
made  at   a,   profit.    The   following   year
(1890), the Skyline and Number One made
shipments, aggregating- over—.800   tons.
Since  then,  however, other excitements
(notably that of the Slocan) have attracted
the attention of miners and  mining men,
and Ainsworth camp remained ata standstill until hist spring, when  IL. Stevenson
began   operating.     During   the   summer
and  fall  several  shipments of  ore were
made from the Number One and the Mile
Point mines, and  today the outlook for
Ainsworth is not at ail gloomy, as at no
time since the camp was discovered  were
more high-grade ore bodies in sight, the
only drawback being the prevailing low
.prices of silver and lead.
Formation of the District.
The .formation of the camp is sedimentary, consisting of schist and lime,
bounded on all sides by granite. The
schist extends from the lake front back in
a westerly direction about three-fourths
of a mile, thence comes the lime zone
about three miles in width, bordered on
its western side by the granite. These
zones, or formation belts run north and
south, dipping to the west, in the schist.
The veins run witJi the strata, also dipping with.it at the same angle. The mineral belt is upwards of four miles in width,
and about six miles in length, extending
from Coffee creek on the south to Wood-
berry creek on the north. Within the
above area over one hundred locations are
developed to that extent wherein they
are either healthy looking prospects or
have taken their places in the list of producing and paying1 mines. Of the number, thirty are held under crown grant
title. The fact of the district bordering
on the west shore of Kootenay lake, and
being traversed by a first-class wagon
road, tlie expense of hauling the ores from
tlie claims to the wharf at Ainsworth,
range from $1 to $2 per ton. Following
is a partial list and description of the
claims.  .
Covered by grown grant,
owned by Dr. F. II. Coo
and others of Seattle, is
located in the lime belt:
has several hundred feet of development,
consisting of shafts, drifts, etc., produces
dry silver ore, one carload shipped yielded
over 000 ounces per ton. Fvorything in
perfect order to start up when market will
justify.   Fine hoistand punipon property.
This conipany, with headquarters in Spokane, the
heirs of the late K. J.
J3rickell being the heaviest share holders, own the
r_deu, Crescent, Black Chief, and one or
two other claims. All have well-defined
veins, but the conipany has not performed
as much work as it was capable of doing—
it i.s a very wealthy concern. The holdings are in lime formation, and on the
J.den and Crescentdumpsareover 100 tons
of high-grade lead ore.
Columbia Mining Company
McCune &
Outside of the Krao group
already described, this
syndicate also owns the
Gallagher, Pataha, Libby,
Banker, and Maestro, all
covered by crown grant title. The Gallagher is a dry ore proposition, over 20
tons have been shipped wliich yielded 150
ounces silver per ton. The I'ataha is a
lead prospect, averaging A0 ounces silver
and 50 per cent lead. Tho vein is 5 feet
wide and i.s opened up by four or five
shafts about 20 feet deep." The Libby
shows -I feet solid ore in a. shaft I.S feet
deep, carrying 25 ounces silver and (K) per
cent lead. A crosscut tunnel 50 feet'in
length has not yet cut the vein. Tins
Maestro hasa 70-foot shaft, which shows a
•'Moot vein from top lo bottom. The ore
averages 10 ounces silver and 05 percent
lead per ton. A crosscut tunnel has been
run 150 feet and lias 100 feet farther to go
before cutting the vein 200 feet in depth.
The surface showing on this claim i.s immense and very favorable. The Banker
is developed by'an incline shaft**) feet in
depth, showing 2 feet of galena on one
side and hi inches on the other, or north
side. Tho ore runs from hi to -15 ounces in
silver arid averages 00 per cent lead.
Owned by 'Tour McGov-
The ern.   is located   next  tho
Last Chance     Crescent.    Isa large vein.
A 00-foot  shaft and several cuts exposes the vein favorably.   The
ore  i.s a red  oxide, quite  rich  in silver.
One small streak runs 500 ounces.
Crow Fledg-
Tlireeerowu-grant claims,
owned  by   Wheeler,   Moling, Krao, and   Ciuieit Giegi-rich. A hoist
Black Bird       *■*,--■-  L)l---*P   is '■■  l---ieo °"
the Krao. A. largo amount
of development work has exposed quite a
body of concentrating ore, which, by running four tons into one, gives a value of
00 ounces silver and 05 per cent lead per
Owned   bv   Ash worth  &
Tenderfoot and  .jOVons  of Billings,   Monoid Timer       tana.      Have   sunk   to   a
depth of 200 feet, having
a fine hoisting and pumping plant on the
property.    Nothing but exploration work
has  been  done.     The owners appear to
have faith iu their property.
Owned by the Kevelstoke
Mining Company. Located in tho lime belt.
Have a hoistand pump on
claim which is worked through a shaft
over 100 feet in depth. They have a large
body of ore which by concentration yields
a. hig'i per centageof lead but runs low
in silver. '
Owned almost entirely by
S. S. Bailey of the Payne
group in Slocan. His success there has in a men-
attention from his Ains-
Thereare two and a half
feet of ore in sight, wliich samples 1-10
ounces silver. Several thousand dollars'
worth have been shipped which sampled
100 ounces.    This is a dry ore vein.
sure  taken his
worth holdings
.This property i.s located
in both the lime and
schist and is owned by
Maxwell Stevenson of
The vein is very large. A
crosscut tunnel 200 feet in length cuts the
vein 100 feet deep, and 100 feet of drifting
has been done. One carload of ore shipped last fall yielded 7(> ounces and -10 per
cent lead.
Little Donald
Black Diamond
These claims, covered by
crown grants, are owned
by. John. F. Stevens, one of
the best known civil engineers on the northwest
coast, and lately assistant chief engineer
on the Great -Northern railway. Two incline shafts have been sunk on the Little
Donald, one 110 feet and the other '30 feet
in depth, and more than 100 feet of levels
have been run. Upwards of $10,000 worth
of ore has been shipped to the smelter at
East Helena, Montana: the ore running
from 75 to 11*3 ounces silver and from 17 to
OcS per cent lead to the ton.
Little Phil and
Black Diamond
During the winter considerable development
work has been done by
"Tom" and -vl'liil" Mc-
Govern. representing the
owners of Little Phil, and A. D. Wheeler,
representing the owner of the Black Diamond. A combination tunnel on the end
lines of the claims named was started. At
a distance of 75 feet, in crosscutting the
formation, a vein S feet wide was struck.
Of the S feet, 5 were solid galena, sampling
-12 ounces silver and 72 percent lead: the
remaining A feet being concentrating ore.
The tunnel is now in over 200 feet, being
extended to tap two other veins known to
exist on the Little Donald and Little Phil
claims, there being three veins on the
property. It was from the middle vein
on the Little Donald that the $10,000
worth of ore mentioned above was extracted. The upper vein on the Little
Phil has been stripped 350 feet, showing a
foot of ore sampling NS ounces silver and
OS per cent lead. It i.s estimated the tunnel will be'300 feet iu length, cutting the
upper veins 110 feet in depth. It i.s Mr.
Steven's intention to erect concentrating
machinery, and send every pound o,l* vein
matter from hi.s mines through the mill.
Spokane and
Trinket   •
of the  wharf.
Two of the claims of the
district on which crown
grants have been given.
The locations lie within
three quarters of a mile
in the schist fonnation,
running and dipping with its strike. The
Pacific Bullion Mining Company of Spokane is the owner. The development consists of a. shaft 1)0 feet in depth iu the (•en-
tor of the Spokane claim. This shaft has
been sunk on a chute of ore, which has
been stripped on the surface for 200 feet
or more, averaging 2 feet in width. Ata
depth of A0 feet, a .'«)-foot drift has been
run north on the vein, which shows the
same body of ore as on the surface. Before the bottom of the shaft was reached,
another chute of ore was encountered
having thesame characteristics as the one
described.    In ISD0. a 200-foot tunnel was
run on the Spokane ground  south  from
Mnun  creek level,   this  tunnel   had  just
penetrated  ore  when  work  was discontinued.    In the year INK!', ore was shipped
to the Kansas City smelter,   whicli  gave
handsome returns'.    The Trinket, by several cuts and pits, work done in the past,
shows a strong vein, with   ore  in   every
opening.   These leads are the same as the
Little Donald. Black Diamond, and Little
Phil,   and   have  been traced   tho entire
length of the mineral belt,   that is.   from
Coffee creek on the south to Wood berry
creek on the  north.    The  veins average
about   5   feet   between  walls.    The  pay
streak averages 2 feet, running from -JO to
50 ounces silver and 70 per cent lead ; but
like many other claims in tlie country, the
grade of the ore  improves  with depth.
Munii creek, wliich this vein crosses, i.s an
ideal place for concentrating works, and
both claims can be easily opened to quite
a depth by  tunnels on tho vein from that
level.    The company has lately purchased
a   complete   hoist   and   pumping   plant,
which will soon be placed in position.    Jt
has been calculated by mining engineers
that 10,000 tons of pay ore are  now in
sight, and by  the expenditure of a few
thousand dollars, the  property could be
put on a paying basis, and become a large
This claim is in schist and
Tne limestone formation with
Charleston n band of quartzito running with the vein. It i.s
the south extension ot the Little Donald,
having tho same three veins within its
boundaries. The property is under lease
and bond to II. .Stevenson, who i.s driving
a crosscut tunnel to intersect the veins.
This tunnel i.s now in 00 feet and the cutting of tho first vein is daily expected.
The ore on tlie surface of these veins
shows the same characteristics and value
of those of the Little Donald and Little
company has recently purchased the air
compressing and power drill' machinery
formerly used by Nelson 'Bennett at the
Cascade tunnel on the Northern Pacific-
railroad, which i.s much more powerful
than that heretofore used at the Blue
Belle. This company also owns tin; Sandal
fraction claim, an extension of ihe Jay
Gould, which carries 2J, feet of ore. The
tunnel is now in 3S0 feet.
Wakefield and
These claims are located
on Wood berry creek, in
the sclu'st formation, near
lvootenay lake, and about
three miles north of AinswortJi. The
Wakefield was located in April. 1893, by
J). F. Strobeck and J. IL Hardio. In a -11-
foot shaft the ledge is _A feet in width.
Samples of ore have yielded $157 gold, 00
per cent lead, and some silver per .ton.
The quartz gangue of the vein, it i.s
claimed, averages $50 per ton in gold.
The Amazon, a location adjoining, and on
the same lead, was recently purchased for
$5000 by the Canadian Pacific Mining &
Milling Company of Minneapolis. A." D.
Westby is in charge, and employs 5 men.
of the Lake
This property is under
bond to the Shafer company, the consideration
being $15,000. It shows'a
large vein on the surface, witli from 2 to A
feet of fine concentrating ore and 10 inches
clean galena. The concentrating product
will run 3i tons into one, averaging 125
ounces silver and 05 per cent lead.
Mile Point
The tunnel of the Mile
Point is within 500 feet of
the water's edge, and one
mile south of Ainsworth.
A .crosscut tunnel 100 feet in length taps
the vein. Three carloads of ore have boon
shipped within a few months: the first,
sent to Great trails, Montana, yielded 101
ounces silver and 12 per cent lead per ton;
the other two cars were shipped to Ta-
coma. and returns have not yet been received. Tlie ores of this strong vein show
the finest specimens of ruby silver yet
found in the Kootenay country. The
heavy flow of water in a winze below the
tunnel level has stopped ore extraction
until macJiinery for pumping is on hand,
or until surface water ■ disappears. The
ore body averages about 2 feet in thickness. Mrs. G. B. Wright of Ainsworth is
the fortunate owner, and work i.s still being continued extending levels on the
vein north and south.
In May, 1S03. II. Stevenson bonded this property
from the former owners
for a consideration of $10,-
500. for himself and Messrs. Carlin and
Clark. Two tunnels have been driven.
Tlie first, SO feet in length, shows a continuous body of -ore- with an average
width of li feet. The second, nearly 3(X)
feet in length, shows a large body of concentrating ore for the last 100 feet, wliich
will concentrate four into one, making a
product of -JO ounces silver and (55 percent
lead. Surface stripping has shown the
vein to be a very large and strong ono.
The bond has been lifted, Messrs. Carter,
Clark. Bright, and Braden being the owners. Jt is estimated that from .0,000 to
-10,000 tons of ore are in sight and the
showing is one of the best in the camp.
King Solomon
Mount Vernon
Property of the Luther
brothers. Lies south of
the Lady of the Lake and
on the same vein, with
the same general characteristics of that property, above described.
The developments consist of several open
cuts and pits, exposing the vein in several
places. One opening, about 12 deep, shows
2 feet of ore, sampling 100 ounces silveraud
(50 per cent lead.	
Charles Olson owns two-
thirds and Alex McLeod
one-third of this claim.
It is located in the lime
and schist. The vein i.s from A to I feet in
width, carrying a foot of galena, which
samples 00 to (55 ounces silveraud (55 polecat lead. A couple of carloads of ore arc
developed but not broken down and shipped because of the low price of the metals.
The deepest working is only l.'i feet, yet
the claim is traced and opened up by a
number of cuts.
Noble Three
■ The
Shafer Tunnel
This important enterprise
was started before the
recent decline in the
prices of silver and lead,
and although work for the present i.s suspended, it i.s expected the company will
resume operations in a short time. The
title of the concern is the Shafer Gold 6c
Silver Mining Company, with headquarters at Seattle. It controls the Bob Tail,
Jay Gould, and Shafer claims, and has a
bond on the Lady of the Lake. The plant
and tunnel are located about 1.'. miles
south of Ainsworth on the lake front. It
is proposed to extend the tunnel 1K(X) feet
into iAie mountain and cut the mineral
vein   I5(K) feet    below   the  surface.    The
Kootenay Min-   worth
ing and Development Company
This concern, which is a
Minneapolis and Ains-
company, incorporated under laws of
British Columbia, own
the Turn O'Luc-k. Joy,and
Baker's Fifth claims,
situated in the Wood-
berry creek section. An KO-foot tunnel on
the Baker's Fifth sliows a fair vein of silver and lead ore. It is the intention to
develop the three claims by running a.
tunnel from above high-water mark on
the lake. O. 13. Wood is in charge of this
company's operations.
'93 Mining
TJiis company, like those
above mentioned, is composed of Minneapolis people. They have bonded
the Rand claim, lying
east of the I'ataha. J lave a shaft 30'feet
in depth, showing a vein from A to 41 feet
wide, carrying from S to20 inches of'ship-
ping ore, averaging OS ounces silver and
72 per cent lend. A tunnel 200 feet below
tJie shaft has been run 20feet. Extensive
Work will be commenced on May 1st next.
Tlie Guarantee Company
is also a Minneapolis concern. They own the
south extension of the
Gallagher, and have   ore
vvrhicli runs from 00 to 300 ounces silver
w'itJi lead carbonates.
Mining Company
Headquarters in Minneapolis;' now working5 men
on the Emerson mine,
which is supposed to be
on the same vein as tlie United. The lead
carries A feet of carbonates and galena.
Emerson Mining Company
Madison and
■Willis Baker, a wealthy
and enterprising citizen
of Minneapolis, is the
principal owner of the
al)ove named claims, as
well as the Duke of York, the south ■extension of the Neosha. the Silver Quartz,
the second south extension of the Number
One, and the Silver Falls on Cedar'creek."
Four men, under tho direction of P. F.
Strobeck, are developing the Madison and
Monroe. Tliey have a fine ledge of carbonates with some galena. Mi-. J3aker intends to erect a concentrator at the mouth
of Cedar creek.
Phoenix and
Little Cedar
These claims have 2750
linear feet of valuable
mineral ground between
the Number One and the
Dellie. Messrs. Strobeck,
Hardie. and Westby are the owners at
present; but negotiations are pending
whereby it is expected a Chicago company
will purchase the ground. They have 50
tons of fine ore on "the dump, which came
from the same vein as the Number One.
At one time considered
the banner mining'claim
of Kootenay lake. It is
located in the lime belt
quite near the granite and about four
miles in a direct line from the lake. The
ledge is an immense one, carrying a wide-
pay streak of dry silver ore. Several carloads have been shipped, wliich ran up in
to the hundreds of ounces per ton. It
was the intention of the owners to place
a stamp mill on the property had it not
been for the silver decline, and reduce the
ore to bullion by the amalgamating process. Wheeler, MrCiiue, and Giegerich
are the owners.
Number One
worked under
This property, of which
a description appears elsewhere, is in the lime formation. It is now being
lease from the Kevelstoke
Mining Company by Messrs. Carter, Clark,
Bright, and Braden. They are erecting a
concentrator, also described iu another
column.   .Fifteen men are employed.
This  claim   is located   in
The lime and schist.    It is the
Anna May       property   of   Mrs.   A.   A.
McKiniion. Has been
stripped on tho surface for 100 feet. The
ore averages 5 feet, assaying II ounces iu
silver anil OK percent lead per ton. The
ore is a carbonate. A shaft 35 feet in
depth, one open cut 15 feet and another 10
feet in  length, is the extent of develop
10   tons  of ore on   (hi
Minor Notes.
Baker iv McArthur
Messrs. isaKer iv .McArthur iia vcsecured
ii line mill silr a! I lie mouth of (Velar rn-ck nliiml iini*
mill.- north of Ainswrirlli wlii-i-i! Ilicy iiilcnil hi i-rm-t u
I'diK-ciitrutoi' 'if IIKI Ions i.-iipurily |ii;i-'iIii,v. Tln;y Imv<- iip-
|ilh-d for u wilt in- r i k I' I und |>n>ini.-i! to K'-'K-r" '"<- iiml fur-
ni.fli lih.-oliic poivoi- anil ||l;Ii1h for tin; Ainiworlli miners
mid nil those who iii;cd lhe hiiiiii:. A syiidinili.- of New
Vurl: mill I'hic.-iK-i i-npiliili.-ls air lii-inK formed  for lhis
purpose. It is proposed also, to build i-oiiiinoiiioiis
wharves fit I ho mouth of Odur cri-ck for lhe use of lhis
syiKlii-alu nnd the other iniiios in that vicinity of which
there are (piitea number.
As the era of concentrating has dawned
on Koolennj*. und the first rn|crpri.--<- of the kind is lii-in^
slarled at Ainsworth. atlciil ion cannot help Imi Ik-called
to Ihe many splendid siles I'or Mich worko on tin- several
creeks, whci'o water power isahnnilanl and cosls nothing,
and where me from any mine in the camp can heca-ily
placed, and Irom which Ihe prodncl can he loaded, in
many instances, on si earner-, direci from I he mills.
The government wagon roads radiating
in each direction from lhe wharves at Ainsworth are
of ffruul adviintajje lo the miners, ll is stated that the
cost of tranuporliiiK ore from mine to lake front from the
most distant mine need not exceed $l.;Vl per ton.
The reserves of dry ore developed in the
Ainsworth camp would yladdun lhe hearts of tho-e pro-
|)o.-inK lo erect a smeller on Ivoolenay lake, were they io
investigate llirin. Were a local smeller slartcd, there
would he no use for mine owners lo liifure on lmildinf,'
stamp mills and amalKamalin^ works, as the dry ores of
the camp are especially valuable for smelling: ciirryiiiK
(piite a purccntiiK-of iron is a decidedly favorable feat lire.
The writer did not have the time or opportunity lo Ihoi'oiiLrhly investi'Kale Ihe ijolil discoveries
near Wood berry creek. Hut IliuiiilVii-iiiiitioii^ivuii above
came from a tfenl Ionian who has for twelve years mined
iu not hint- but L*ol(l (piai't/.. and his siateineiit that there
is considerable -fold bearing rock between Cedar and
Woodberry creeks must be taken for granted, for the I
present, at leasl: and time will prove this, as it does all
Taking into consideration  the  time of
year, and the dilliculty of reaching remote places and
linding persons interested in lhe short time allotted to
collect tho dalii and compile Ibis article, there are doubtless many valuable and deserving properties in the camp
aimed to be covered which are not mentioned or clescribed
in lhe above article.
Notwithstanding the excitement in
other places, new capital and new people have been coining into the old camp of Ainsworth, and iIiomu who have
staid b.v it feel better .satisfied now than ever before.
Only the one universal drawback mars their feelings-lhe
extreme low price of silver.
Ainsworth, March ntli. 18SM.
Soon to be in Operation • at the Number One
Mine nt Ainsworth- It Has Long- Been
Known That the Product of This Mine
Could be Concentrated Profitably—-Thousands of Tons Awaltin_r Treatment.
Two Mines that Should not be Confounded.
" The Highland mine at Ainsworth should
not be confounded  with the Highlander,
of the same camp.   The  present appearance of thollighland, and its future working, is deserving of more extended notice
than is given elsewhere in this issue.    The
vein has boon stripped iu places  outside
of tho  tunnel  developments  whereby it
has   been   proven   to   be at  least 2A feet
wide.   The foot wall of this vein   is lime
and  tho hanging   wall   porphry.    In one
large open cut50 feet in length and 25 feet
high at   the face, . the  vein shows   very
strong and prominent, exposing! feet and
-I inches of solid galena.    On the dump at
this   cut   is 50  tons  clean ""'galena-  which
samples IA ounces silver and. 71 per cent
lead.   The owners are especially pleased'
witli the natural advantages of situation
of their  property,   being  located on the
Cedar creek slope iii such a 'maimer .that-
all work can be  done  by  means  of tulit
tunnels on the  vein.    The  lowest  tunnel
can develop the 'mine at .an. average vertical depth of 700 feet.    As soon ns   the silver or  lead market shows any-improvement, it is the intention of the owners to
begin work on an extensive scale.    Cedar
crook affords a splendid water power and
a concentrator of at least 50 tons daily capacity will he located near the mine.    The
product will be sent down to the lake one
half mile distant by tramway.    With tlie
present developments,   two  tunnels, one
SO feet in length, and   another nearly MOO
feet, have exposed  such C|uantities of ore
that, heavy ■■.shipments could be made and
kept up continually from on did the situation   of   the   metal   market   warrant  it.
Messrs. Carter, Chirk,  Bright & Braden.
the owners, are here to stay, they ■mean'
business and will   be  heard   from   in "the
The Report is Premature.
The report in the Spokane Heview that
the Canadian Pacific had acquired the
Nelson cv Fort .Sheppard railway is premature. The Canadian I'aeifie has no particular use. at present, for that particular
road, however much use it may .'have,
when it gets the Crow's Nest l'a^s road
completed to Nelson.    The only  truth in
the rumor i.s that the-gap between Five-
mile point and Nelson will be built in the
early spring' hy the Crow's Nest I'ass road,
in order to allow connection, to bo made
between the Nelson ev Fort Sheppard and
Columbia. 6c Kootenay railways. Trains
will then be run through from Spokane
to Hobson. where connection will be made
with steamers for Nakusp. thence travelers for the Sloean will take the Nakusp 6c
Sloean railway. For this year, at least,
the Nelson <v Fort Sheppard will remain
under its present management. Work
will be commenced on the eastern end of
the Crow's Nest Pass road in .April, and il,
will take two years to complete it to Nelson, as the total distance is between "'00
and 100 miles.
Tho CominK Country.
A party of prospectors, including .1.
Murdoch. .1. 0. Cooper, and A. Hill. left-
Victoria on February 25th for the head
waters of the Peace river. They carried
away supplies suflicieiit to last two years,
and expect in that time to find some rich
placer diggings. They will go in by Ash-
croft, Soda creek, and the old Cariboo
road.    They are experienced men.
A Bad Failure in Victoria.
Cue of the worst failures the province
has experienced for a number of years is
that of the old established banking firm
of Croon. Worlock «V Co.. of Victoria.    11
is thought depositors will  be paid almost
in full if the bunk  is given sti
to renli/.e on its securities.    T
estimated at $(110,00(1. while I.Ik
reach $111,000.
Iieteitl I lute
e asset* a l'c
iahilit io*
A Shoestring RldliiK.
It is reported from Victoria that Fire
Valley. IJobson. Trail, and Waneta are to
be added lo Ihe north riding of WV.-I
Kootenay electoral district, whicli will
make tin- norl It a sort of shoes! ring riding.
As concentrating works are  now being
erected  at   the  .Number  One  mine, near
Ainsworth, this i.s an opportune tune  to
give a brief history of that mine, which
has for the past Jive years been  quite a
factor in attracting-attention to tlie mineral resources of West Kootenay district.
The mine was discovered by '•Nick" \""elno-
worth and   •"'.Jack-*' Duncan in the fall of
1SS8.    The attention of G. JJ.  Wright was
called to the  prospect  before  it was developed to tho depth of a do'/.en feet.    He
bonded it in the   interests of an   Oregon
company for $10,000. and immediately began development work in a vigorous manner.    During  the spring and .summer he
shipped ore, but in  the  fall   his  backers
saw fit to forfeit the bond, and the claim
reverted to the original locators, who, iu
doing ti small amount of work, surprised
everybody and themselves by extracting
and   shipping   ore   which   yielded   them
very handsome   returns.    Next a   representative of John   W. Alackey,   the California bonanza king,   bonded   the claim,
did   considerable   work  and  gave it  up.
Then   the   Revelstoke   .Mining Company,
an Fnglish concern, purchased the   mine,
and  for a time  it was worked under the
management of  Dr.  Campbell, who  was
an  ••expert."    Naturally,   the result  was
For two years the mine laid idle, when
Howland Stevenson appeared ou the
scene. Mr..Stevenson was a practical miner
and concentrator inau. After a thorough
examination';he--wa,s-satisfied' there was
money in the undertaking, so he secured
a lott.se of the in i ne for Jive-years, dn
.June, ISO-'j. he commenced -work cleaning
out the old slutfts and levels, and on
August-1st made his first shipment of Al
tons, wliich sold n,t the* Taooma smelter
for $20.SS.S5: ou Septemljer 2(')th a 30-ton
shipment sold for $2385.05: 'November 1st.
20 tons yielded $1-150.70: and on November
25(.h,■ 12'tons netted about $1000. At this
time all shipments' were suspended as it
had been demonstrated that the ore could
be more profitably worked by the erection
of a.concentrating plant. Up to this time
throe carloads of the ore shipped had been
concentrated tit the mine by hand jigs.
This'product ran respectively, as follows,
253 7.10.ounces silver. 5 2.10 per cent lead.
2S 0.10 per cent, silica. 10 per cent zinc: 3(iS
ounces silver. 7S.I0 per cent lead. 2rper
cent silica,'17 per'cent iron. 12 per cent
zinc: 200 ounces silver. 53.10 per cent load,
20 3.10 per cent silica: 10 per cent iron. 11
per cent zinc. A general concentrating
test was made on 12 tons of ore shipped'to
■Bossburgj Washington, and run through
the concentrator at that place. This ore
assayed.' be-fore concentrating -1.0 ounces
silver.    The 12 tons of crude-ore yielded
21 tons of concentrates, which assayed 107
ounces in silver per ton. and showed a
saving of SO per cent of value contained
in'ore. At this -point Mr. Stevenson sold
his interest in'the.lease to Alessrs. I-right
and Braden, who with Alessrs. Carter and
Chirk are the present owners. Thesegentlemen immediately purchased the Boss-
burg concentrator, shipped' it to Ainsworth. anil it is now being erected at the
mine. Its capacity is 00 tons crude ore
per 21 hours. During the summer months
I.he works will be run by a Pel ton''wheel,
steam power being provided I'or the winter. The works will be equipped with 1
large I >odge crusher. 7x0: 3 sets of Cornish
rolls. 1 set 10x10 inches the other two
12x10 inches: 0, large -l-eompartiueiit
Hart/, jigs: one Cornish huddle 20 feet in
diameter: and one double fine vanuer.
about 7x1 I feet. They expect to have the
works in operation by .April Ist. Tho
water power is taken from Cedar creek
through a Hume 1500 feet in length wliich
carries 250 inches. The fall from the penstock to the wheel will be 100 feet.
There are now on the old dumps 0000
tons of concent-rating ore. which will run
seven into one. Blocked out in llie mine
ready for sloping there are about 2(100
tons more. Five men are keiit bus}' under
ground on development work.
The only serious feature about lhis enterprise, is the fact that all t he machinery
is second-hand, which, under the most
favorable circiunsta nees.- can not be expected lobe as satisfactory as new machinery. However, the first venture fit
concentrating iu Kootenay will be
watched by mining men in general with
Can bo Worked to Advantage.
11. II. St. .lohn of lhe Idaho mine i.s
ipiietly confident about the future of the
Slocan country in general ami Now Denver in particular. He says: "We are
making $50 a ton on lhe Idaho ore. We
are shipping even at the present-price of
silver, and as soon as the railway gets
into lhe country, all the mines can be
worked to advantage." New Denver, iu
Mr. St. John's opinion, is the prettiest
place in the whole Pacilic North west. He
intend-' settling there wilh his wife this
summer, find he mentioned Byron While.
J. A. Finch, (i. J. Atkins, and several
oilier Slocan mine owners who had cx-
pre-sed their intention of making New
Denver I heir headipinrters during the
summer of ISill.
VAXStvZr THE .'TRIBUNE:    ISTELSOIST, B. Q, SATURDAY,  MARCJI   10,  1894,  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  TIIK Till HUNK is published on Saturdays, Iiy John  Houston & Co.. i-iid will be mailed to subscribers  on payment of O.vk Jhh.i.ai- a year. No subscription,  taken for loss tlian n your.  KKCULAU ADVKliTtSKMKNTS printed at the 'following rates: One inch, .���?'{(��� a year; two inelies,  SIX) a vear; Lliree inches SSI-a year; four inches.  S% a year; five inelies, $10;"> a year; six inches and  over, in the rate ol SI.SO an inch per month.  TRANSIKNT APVKHTISKMKNTS iO cents a line for  lirst insertion and 10 cents a liue for each additional  insertion.    Hirth.  marriage, anil death  notices free.  LOCAL Oil UKADINC MATTKU NOTTCKS -.'5 cents a  line eneh insertion.  JOH  PRINTING at  fair rates.     All accounts for  job  '   printing  '"I  advertising   payable  on   the  lirst   of  every month; subscript ion, in advance.  ADDKKSS all communications to  THK TRIBUNE. Xelson, 11. C.  D.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.    . ,  LaBAU.  M.D.���I'hvsiunin  and Surgeon.   Rooms .'I  and  1  Houston  block. Xelson.   Telephone  12.  LK. HARRISON. H. A.���Harris!or and Attorney at  ��� Law (of the province nf New Mrunswick). Conveyancer, Notary Puhlic, Commissioner for taking Aflldavits  for use in the Coin-Is of Hrilish Columbia, etc. Oilices���  "Ward street, between Haker and Vernon, Nelson, li. C.  .  .......MARCH 10,  I8!)l  SATURDAY MORNING.  SOUTH   KOOTENAY   CONVENTION.  Tho electors of I.he south riding of Wesl Kootenay electoral district who favor nominating1 a candidate for member of the legislative assembly, at the next general election, are requested lo elect delegates to a nominating  con volition, to be hold at Nelson, on Saturday, April 1 Ith,  1801. at -o'clock p. in..' the primary election I'or life election of delegate* to behold on Saturday, .March 211b. ISill.  bet ween the hours of 2 and "> o'clock p. tn. Citizens whose  names are on tho voter.-,' list alone to be allowed lo vole  for delegates. Representation in Llie convention to be as  follows:  Precinct, or        Number of  voting place.        delegates.  Waneta   1  Toad Mountain   1  Nelson  ;">  Halfoiir   1  Pilot Hay   I  Rykert's Custom House..  1  Ainsworth     '.1  Delegates-elect, if unable to attend the convention,  shall have the privilege of transferring their credentials  to parties who can attend. Delegates' credentials must  bo signed by the two judges and the clerk of the primary  election, the judges and clerk to be chosen by the voters  present at their respective polling places immediately  prior to the hour of opening the polls. Delegates must  be registered voters.  "COSMOPOLITAN   VAGABONDS."  Precinct or  Xuiuber of  voting place.  delegates.  Robson      L  Trail   Kaslo     i  Watson      I  Three Forks   .  New Denver..    'A  Silverton          1  Tlie Miner always puts its i'oot in it  when attempting- to score a point against  the electorate who favor the convention  plan of nominating a candidate for member of the legislature. Last week, in commenting on a call for a public, meeting at  Kaslo. it used the following words: ''The  "national spirit of Canada is none too  " strong. Provincialism 'predominates.  " Provincial avarice overrides national  " welfare. One of the worst class of citi-  " zens the country holds are those who  " leaving their own country are buffeted  '" about from state to state in our neigh-  " boring domain, and failing to gain a  "foothold return to their-own' country,  " in most cases devoid of all national i'e'el-  " ing���a 'cosmopolitan vag-iboud, ready to  " sell lihnself or his country.''  Tlie following-named residents of .N'elson, according to The Miner,-are cosmopolitan vagabonds, ready to sell themselves and tlieir country: _\T. Fitzstubbs,  government agent; T. H. Giffin, registrar  county court: G. A. Bigelow, merchant:  G. W. Richardson, real estate and mine  owner; Thomas Madden, hotelkeeper;  Alexander Dow, locomotive engineer: M.  C. McGrath, bridge carpenter; Robert  Shiell, mine owner; E. Kirkpatrick, miner:  A. J. Marks, Jiotelkeeper: Duncan Mc-  Gillivray, machinist; George Graham, C.  P. R. conductor: E. E.. Phair, hotelkeeper;  Duncan McArthur, carpenter; G. YV. B.  Heatlicote, bank teller: Hugh Nixon,  millwright; W. F. Teetzel, druggist;  James Dawson, hotelkeeper; George C.  Tiuistall, Jr., agent Hamilton Powder  Company; W. C. McLean, railroad contractor; Harold Selous, real estate owner;  J. F. Kilby, railroad man : Alexander McDonald, blacksmith.  The names above are selected at random, and the number could easily he increased to five hundred in southern .Kootenay. These men all resided iu the United  States, for various periods of time, and  are none the worse citizens because of  that residence. That they are vagabonds  must lie disputed, for everyone of them  has done and is doing his share in developing the material interests of the province. That they are lacking in national  -spirit must also be disputed, for no one of  them but believes that the people of Canada are destined to take high rank among  the English-speaking people of the world.  THE   NAKUSP   &   SLOCAN   RAILWAY.  the Canadian Pacific the market jirice; for  new rails delivered at Kevelstoke. The  rails used and to be used are second-hand,  yet tlie Canadian Pacific gets the price of  new rails for them. The bonds on-which-  the government guaranteed interest at  the rate of Jf>__ri,()00 a. mile were handed  over to the Bank of liritish Columbia, that  bank holding the total issue (${)2o,0()0.)' in  escrow for advances to carry on the, work  of construction. But, at the same time,  it was understood that .these bonds were  to Jje retired and new bonds issued. The  new bonds were to be issued .at.-tlie rate  of tjilT.HOO to the mile, and the province  was to ''guarantee' both principal and interest, and a-bill to carry ..out that understanding has been introduced in the'assembly. IT the province must pay for the  building of the Nakusp it Slocan railway,:  why should not the province- own the  road'J If the necessity of building a- railway into the Slocan country was so urgent, why did not the government take  the matter in hand, call I'or tenders, and  let the contract to the lowest responsible  bidder? If that method had boon  adopted, the province would have saved  $200,000���the amount that a gang of the  coldest-blooded schemers in Canada will  make out of a deal in which they have not  invested one dollar of their own money.  WAYS   THAT   ARE    PECULIAR.  When a reserve was placed on the land  at the mouth of Carpenter creek, in Slocan  district, the government gave as a reason  for doing so, that the miners of  the  district required a central  place at which to  obtain   supplies,   and   that   the   reserve  would bo platted  as a townsite.    A.  portion of it was so platted and sold, the sale  being a very profitable one to the government, however unprofitable it lias been to  the purchasers of the lots.    A  number "of  lots yet remain unsold in the government  portion of the townsite and two-thirds of  the purchase price of the lots sold (some  ��20,000)   yet   remain   unpaid.      Notwithstanding this interest, the members of the  government���men  who should safeguard  the interest of  the iirovince���have introduced a- bill   in  the  legislature, entitled  :' An act'to authorize the issue of a crown  " grant of certain  lands in the district of  "lvootenay, being the site of the town of  " Three-'.Forks.".- One of the reasons given  in the bill  for  its  introduction  is,   "that  "tlie development of the  mines  in said  "district is greatly 'dependent upon the  " establishment   of  a   mercantile   depot  " within easy reach,   and  it i.s advisable  " that   a   crown   grant    should   be   ini-  " mediately issued to-the pre-eniptors" of  a piece of land at the forks of Carpenter  creek on   which   mineral  claims  were  located  and recorded   before the pre-emption record was  made.    The goA-ernment  is no doubt extremely  solicitous  for the  miners   of   Slocan   district;   but,  at the  same, time,  it seems to be more solicitous  of the well fare of the  men  who  have a  bond   on   the Three   Forks pre-emption  than for the men who  were induced, by  false representation,   to  purchase  town  lots in.New'Denver.    Verily, the ways of  the present government are peculiar.  THOUSANDS   OP   CANARIES.  wrapped with clothsoas toprevent them  from seeing what is going on around them,  and in, order to encourage singing the  cages are generally shaped in the form of  a dome; this shape intensifies the sound  and the birds are...pleased' in their own  ���music. , Then conies the period of great  trouble���the 'moulting-' of the professor  birds.' During, some ten weeks the latter  'remain- entirely silent, and the young  birds are very apt to fall into bad habits;  as soon as the voice of the professor is regained the training goes on, of course.  Some 2."50,000 canaries are trained each  year in tho liar/, region, and of these 200,-  000. a re sent to the United States, 27,000  are sentto England, 10,000 are sent to  ���Russia.'and other h'uropeon countries, and  10,00(1 remain,ill-Germany. The latter are  the '.'"upper 10,000" of the canary world,  the very "'pick" of-the best singers. Two  firms, ������.���especially- (liuhr and Reich  Brothers) make it their business to export  canaries from Germany to America.  There are a number of varieties of the  canary. Artifical selection has to account  for many of them, and while some fanciers  have selected individuals.especia.lly. noted  for their, song others have selected  birds for their form, their color, .their  size. In Germany the song is the main  point: in England the people seem to care  only for color or form; in Belgium shape  only is considered. So there are great  differences among canaries.  - THE   FARWELL   CASE.  Tiik Triih'XI-; was the only paper in the  jirovince that stated   facts in   regard   to  the building of the  Nakusp <v: Slocan railway.    It stated that there was big money  in the deal for the promoters of the enterprise, and for  making that statement it  was soundly abused by the Victoria. Colonist aud the Vancouver 'World.    In the  discussion over the question of bringing  down   the   papers    regarding   the   deal.  premier Davie stated  that, including discount and floating bonds, the road would  cost over $2f*,(XX) a  mile.    As a   matter of  fact, the road will not cost the Inland Development 6c Construction  Company $12,-  000 a mile.    The grade did not cost to exceed ijiir-OOa mile, and  $K<)00  is a  liberal  estimate   I'or   the cost of  ties,   bridging,  steel,   track-laying,   and  surfacing.   The  Canadian Pacific   is  to   furnish   the  rails  and fisli-plates required for the road: and,  mind you. if they  have  been  previously  Ijsed the  Nakusp iv. Slocan road shall pay  Seven Hundred Families in One German Town  Rear Singers.  In a small town called St. Andreasberg,  Saxony, some 700 families are entirely engaged in the task of rearing and educating  good canary singers.    A great proportion  of these singers are sent abroad, far or  near���to London,  Australia, and  to  the  United States, where one single firm ships  100,000  birds  each  year.    These canaries  are the inferior birds, the sclireir, as they  are called in Germany, on account of their  notes.    These sclireir,   says   the  Popular  Science News, whicli are bought for 70 or  80 cents in the liar/, are sold for $2, $3, or  $1 in America.    Tho best birds are kept in  Germany,   whore   they are   called   hohl-  roller.    A good hohlroller cannot be had1  under$N or $10 iu the   Marz, and $20 and  $2o are no unusual prices.    But such birds  are certainly splendid singers.    The Germans have quite a- number of words, each  of which  applies  to  a   different sort of  tune, or intonation: the heulrolle is in the  minor  key; klingcrolle applies  to silver  tones; kollertoa warbling which reminds  one   of the   murmur of water; gluchrolle.  i.s similar to the nightingale's notes, and  one may say that every detail of the canary's song has boon named, and that for  every one   there i.s a .standard of perfection which the expert fancier knows perfectly   well.    The song of all canaries is  not  "exactly  similar;  each   race   has   its  special points, and while the one is groat  on   heulrolle, for instance, it is weak  on  gluchrolle. while the case is reversed with  another race.  Of course, singing is a natural feature  with canaries, but the influence of education is considerable. The educational curriculum begins in May for the young canaries, and they are. as soon as possible,  separated from their parents. Education  i.s till in this: Keep the young birds from  hearing'anything but excellent singers.  Some fifteen or twenty young canaries  are put in one cage with an older bird, an  especially good singer, and he teaches  them the elements; they try to imitate  him. and hence comes his beneficial influence. Iu .August each of the young birds  is put in a small cage and kept in the ini-  niodii'ife vicinity of the teacher. At this  time the fancier trios to gather some idea  of the progress achieved aud of the aptitude nl' the different birds. The best are  put in the nearest vicinity of tlie teacher.  Jn order to prevent the young birds  from   getting disturbed   tlieir cases are  Points in the Dispute Recently Settled by the  ' Supreme Court at Ottawa.  The Ottawa correspondent of tho   Victoria Times, under date of February 20th,  writes:    "The decision   today of  tlie supreme court dismissing the appeal in Far-  well vs. the Queen settles a. point which is  more important than the interests immediately concerned.    The province of British Columbia in ISS3 conveyed by provincial statute a tract of land  known tis tho  railway bolt, which  was forty miles wide  and  extended  through   the  province,   to  the Dominion  government as an  aid in  building   tho   railway.    In    1SS.1   Farwell  purchased   1.17.-) acres of this land at the  site of the  present  town   of Revelstoke  and obtained  a crown  grant under  the  great seal of British Columbia.    The Dominion government entered an action for  intrusion in the exchequer court to annul  the crown   patent  issued   by British Columbia, and the court held the patent to  be void on the ground that the Dominion  government and not the province owned  the lands.    Then INIi*. McCarthy, on behalf  of -'.Farwell asked the .supreme court to set  aside this decision.    His  main point was  that in   the  precious  minerals  case -the  privy council decided that the Dominion  government Jiad  the right to settle  the  land  and nominate the persons to whom  the  patents  were to issue, the power to  issue these patents was a '-prerogative exercisable only by  the crown in right of  tlie province as holder'of the title paramount.    Jn the arrangement between l;lje  Doi-iinion  anel. .British Columbia' certain'  territorial-revenues, and in one.sense the  administration of the  hinds in  this  bolt  passed to the   Dominion but the title remained   vested   in   the crown, and  when  the crown, as represented by the lieutenant-governor, granted these lands to Far-  well it was constituted an unimpeachable  title wJiich could not be void and could  only be  voided with   the consent of the  crown as represented, not at Ottawa, but  in Britisli Columbia.    Otherwise what did  the words, he asked the court, "Victoria  by the Grace of God' and so forth in the  patent to. J^arwell,''mean.    While the Dominion government claimed their title to  the lands, he represented that .British Columbia  would   bo giving the lands with  one hand and withholding thein with the  other if they were not able to give a good  title to them.    The Dominion claim  was  upheld yesterday, and thus the court decided  another  interesting  constitutional  point." '"  How a Case Was "Won.  Dan Wilson was once trying a case before a Missouri justice of the peace, when  the opposing counsel cited "Greenleaf on  Evidence" so decidedly against him that  a bold push must be made. -Wilson asked  him for the book, opened it, rose, and,  witli a look of solemn surprise, said he  was amazed that so good a. lawyer should  bring such a book as that into court.  "Why," said he, "tlie author himself  never thought of its being used for authority in any case. .Just hear what die  says in tlie preface:. "Doubtless a happier  selection of these principles, might be  n.ado, and the work might have boon  much better executed by another hand.  For, now it is finished. I find if but tin approximation towards what was originally  desired. But in the hope that it may stiil  be found not useless tis the genu of a  better treatise, it i.s submitted to the  candor of a liberal profession.' Now."  continued Wilson, "an author wlioadmits  that his work is as bad as this, certainly  never expected it to be brought into court  to govern theopinionsof a gentleman who  has sat on the bench, as "your honor has.  for eighteen months." The justice was  perfectly satisfied. Ileruled tho ������authority" out as of no account whatever, and  gave his judgement for Wilson and his  client.   Parents of Twenty-Six Children.  The Pomona (California) Progress says:  Manuel Cota, a tall, emaciated sheep  herder and ranchman, living' about seven  iniles southwest of Pomona, has the distinction of standing at the very head of  the procession of adders to the population  of this county. Manuel does not know a  word of English, has not $-10 either in  money or property, and lives in a home  that hundreds of men would not stable  their horses in. lie is the lather of  twenty-one boys and girls, and has  fathered, first and last, twenty-six infants. Strange as it may appear, all those  blessings have had little effect upon  .Manuel's disposition, for hi.s few Mexican  associates says he grows sourer and madder and more taciturn as the dimensions  of his family circle extend.  Manuel and   his wife  were married in  I for the White Grouse Mountain Mines I  The Rich Copper-SilverMines on Grrouse Mountain are easily reached from  the new townsite on the east side of Kootenay Lake, and which is distant abcut sixteen  miles from the mines. There is bound to be a rush to the mines on White Grouse Mountain in the spring, and DAVIE is sure to be a town of importance, as well as supplies for, and  ore from thernines must pass through it.   For prices of lots apply to    '  ' .-'*���.���" ���     DAVID BLACK, Pilot Bay;  G-EOBiG-E NOWELL, Victoria;  or JOHN HOUSTON & CO, Nelson.  San Diego in 1S.*)U-thirty-live years ago.  .Mrs. Cota was then a blushing bride of 17.  and Manuel but ono year older. Their  eldest child is Al. and lias started a nice  little family group oi his own, having  seven children thus far. Mr. nnd Mrs.  Cota's youngest child i.s two weeks old,  and bids fair to become as lively and  strong as its twenty-live predecessors.  Fifteen of the children tire married, and  Manuel, tit the last accounting, found ho  was grandparent fo twenty-one youngsters, all the way from two months to  thirteen years old. The Cota family, it  limy be unnecessary to add. does not all  reside at lhe parental home, but is scattered a!! the way from the Mexican line  to Fresno.         The French are a Frugal People.  The influence of national feeling, the  emotion of patriotism, in determining investments is curiously illustrated by recent linancial incidents in Franco. As a  rule, the provident Frenchman confines  his investments to his own country and to  distinctly national enterprises. lie was.  however, induced to go into the Suez  canal, and that venture proving profitable, investment in the Panama canal enterprise naturally followed. In both cases  investors were influenced largely by the  fact that Do Lesseps, their own illustrious  countryman,"was at ���thev- head of the.  undertaking. More recently, this nationtil  feeling has been shown by heavy purchases of Russian stocks. The London  Times states that 'French investors now  hold one billion two hundred millions of  dollars ol_' Russian bonds, the purchase of  w1 i ic I i luis bee n s t i i n u la tod by, "p ff i c ial it i -  fluences and the increasing desire I'or a  closer alliance with the czar. An illustration in another .way of the effect of national sentiment in the matter of investments is afforded in the fact-that, as a  result of. the growing tioolncss toward  Italy, enormous sales of .Italian stocks  have, under ��� official advice, been made  during the last six or seven months, causing a collapse in Italian credit, the ruin of  many banks, and the disintegration' of a  cabinet.   More Than He  Could Stand.  Charles  Lamb  was once  invited by  a  friend  to., meet an -author  who had just  published a. volume of poems.    A glance  over the volume convinced  Lamb that it  possessed little merit, being a feeble echo  of   different 'authors.    The   gentleman's  self-conceit and confidence in his owu.book.  were so  manifest as  to' awaken  Lamb a  spirit of mischievous waggery.    Mis   tenacious 'memory -enabled  him, during the  dinner, to quote fluently several passages  from the pretender's volume,' with  the introduction,   "This  reminds  me   of   some  verses T wrote when I  was very young."  When  this hud happened several times,  the real author of the lines quoted looked  .ready  to burst  with suppressed indignation.    At  last,  as a  climax  to  tho  fun.  Lamb coolly quoted the well-known opening lines to "'Paradise Lost," as written by  himself.    This was too much for the verse  monger.   He immediately arose, and. with  an   impressive solemnity .of-manner, addressed the claimant to so many poefictil  honors.    "Sir," he said, "I   have  tamely  submitted  all  this evening  to  hear you  claim   the merit that may belong to any  little poems of my own : this 1  have born  in silence; but. sir, I ���never will sit quiefly  byand see the immortal Milton robbed of  'Paradise Lost!'"  THE   FOOL   WITH   A   GUN.  Tlioru :iro ninny fools who worry this world  l-'uiils ulil. nnil Tools wlio'n: youiiK:  Fools willi I'lii-lu'ni'S, und Tools Without,  Fools who (loj^niiilizo. Tools who doubt.  Fools who suitor, mill  Tools who shout,  Fouls who iiovisr know  what thi-y'ri- iihoul.  And  Tools nil chock and lon^'uo;  Fools wlio'ro ifc-nlli-iiK-ii. fools wlio'ro ends,  FooiM wlio'ro Lfniyb-iirds, mid  Tools wlio'ro lads  Fools with iiiiuii.-'is. Tools with Tads.  Fords with '-iiiuci-ii*-. Tools wilh tracts.  Fools who duiiy l.liu nliililiornust Tacts,  Foo!> in tlii-orii*.-. fool*, in nut.-;  Fools who wriio ThuosopliisL books.  Fools who holii-V- in  Mahntiiias and spooks.  Fools who prophi,.-y--riices and Toplicls--  Hi-fgcr fools who b'oliovo in prophets;  Fooi- who (|iiim--l. and  Tool.- who quack:  In fiu-l  tlioru aro all sorts of Tools in tin- puck.  Fools fill. thin, short, and tall;  Hut of nil sort.- of fools, lliu Fool with a (inn  (Who points it at sonn-one, of coursu. "in fun,"  And fools around till olianco murder is clouu)  Is the wor.-t fool of all! *���  T  WILSON.  Markets  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will contract, to supply ininiiiK companies and stciiin-  hoals with I'rcsli meats, and deliver same at any minor landing in   the   Kootenay  Lake country.  NELSON Office and Market, 11 East Baker St.  KASLO MARKET, Front Street.  FURNITURE  PIANOS  ORGANS  JABS:' MoDONALD;'  Nelson and Kaslo.  SEW DKNVKII U)TS-l,o!s il and 10 (KXI by 120 feet),  Hlock ���!. in -^ovui'iinieiiL part of Now Denver. I'rice  ��l!0ll: S.'Sd cash, balance to the government. I'  A oil-FOOT LOT on Vernon street. Xelson. on wliich  there is u one-story ollice building. I'rice, $120(1; gftxi  cash, balance in easy payments.  A -.'."il'-ACIU- KANCH, situated on the outlet.. 12 miles  northeast of N'elson. Ten acres cleared and MX) aires  more that can be; 10 acres iu wild hay. Good story  and a half hewed-log house. I'rice. S2000; half cash,  t inn-on balance. Tillccrowngrant.  Call on or address  John Houston & CO., Nelson, B. C.  ~ ETMWTTT  THE TOWNSITE OF EVANSPORT is situated  at the head of the northeast arm of Upper  Arrow Lake, and is but twelve miles distant from the famous Trout Lake Mining  District. Lots are now offered at prices  rang-ing- from $25 to $100v Apply to EVAN  JOHNSON, Evansport, via Revelstoke, or to  John Houston & Co., Nelson.  Hotel for Sale.  (The estate of McKaoliren & Co. in liquidation.)  CO.  Curry complete lines of Furniture, as well as manufacture  cvocy grade of Mattresses.  They also carry Pianos and  Oiwuts.   Undertaking.  !ie Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Henclryx Street, Nelson.  A Princely Gift.  The ompuror W'illi.-iiii's present to prince  BisiiiMrck fousisted of a do/.on bottles of  the ('���iinoii.s Steinberg C.-ibinet of the tiroat  Comet year, wliic-li is the. finest and rarest  wine in tlie imperial cellars, and remarkable both I'or its fragrance and for its  strength. All such wine i.s absolutely  priceless, and is probably only to be found  iu the collars of the emperor and of the  duke of Luxemburg, except for any stray  bottles which nitty yet bo hidden away in  a. few country houses. The old emperor  William sent half a dozen bottles of the  same wine as a present to <|tiecn Victoria  in I(S,S7, and it was brought over by_ the  emperor Frederick, then crown prince,  himself. Fine I��henish wines get, more  and more scarce every year, for there litis  nol been a really lirst-rate vintage since  I SOS.  NELSON STEAM  SASH AND DOOR FACTORY  hash, noons, ami window kit.am km  MADK TO Oli'DKl:.  Estimates Given on Building Supplies,  Ti;i:\IX(i, Sl-ltKACINd, AND MATCIIIN'C.  Orders from any town  in lhe  ICoolcnay Lake coimlry  prompt ly attended to.   (Icneral johliiiitf of all kinds,  RICHARD STUCKEY, Proprietor. I  A full stock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry,  clear Mr flooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rales.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Affent.  KOOTENAY LAKE  mepal Hospital, Nelson  The hospital of tho ICootcnay Lake Cencral Hospital  Society is now caring for patients. The society will contract wilh mining companies and other large employers  of labor to care"for tlieir employees on the following  terms, namclv. SI a month per man. Individuals can  make arrangements for caro by paying the following  subscriptions: .Six months. $t\; twelve month-. .?I(). Tho  above includes nursing, board, and mcdi'-al attendance.  For private put ients the following rates will be charged :  private ward. $!���"> a week: public, ward. SID a week:  patients to pay I'or their uieiiical attendance. Kor further particular's address either  I-'IJAN'IC KLKTCIIKI!. President,  or (.'KOlKiK A. HI 11 K LOW, .Secretary. Nelson.  THE HOTEL SLOCAN,  TIIK IMMNClKAL HOTKL IX TIIK CITY OF K.ASLO.  John* M. Ki:i:i--i:tt. Jamks W. Skai.k.  KEEFER  &  SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  .lob teaming done.   Have several hundred cords of good  wood, which will he sold at reasonable prices.  I.KAVK    OHIlKUS    AT  J.  P.   Hume   Sr,   Co.'s.   Vernon   Street,   Nelson.  Nelson   Livery Stable  Passengers and  baggage  transferred  to and   from  the  railway depot and steamboat landing.    Freight  hauled and job teaming done.   Stove  wood for sale.  WILLIAM WrLSON PROI-HTKTOR  Notice of Dissolution of Copartnership.  Notcc is hereby given that the partnership heretofore  existing between William (.!. ?.lcLcan and .lolin Lane of  Kaslo Cily. li. (.'.. under and of the name and si.yle of  McLean iS" Company, is dissolved by the withdrawal of  said McLean from the said partnership. And the said  William (.'. McLean hereby gives nol ice that he will not  be responsible for any debts conlracled in the name of  I he said linn bv lhe said John Lane.  Hated at Kaslo Cily, H. C. lhis lirst (Inv of March. A.  I)., ISill. W. C. AIcLK.AN.  Witness:   Cmaici.ks W. Mi-Ann.  NOTICE.  We an! milking n change in our business on the 1st of  March. A II pari ies indented lo us are rci|iieslcd Iosettle  wilh the undersigned by cn.-li or otherwise before the end  of February. After that dale all old accounts will be  placed wil if our solicitor for collection.  JOHN A. TCItNKIt.  Manager for .1. Fred Huniu & Co.  Nelson, February fltli. 1MH,  This house occupies two lots on the corner  of 4th street and A avenue and is 50 by  100 feet in size. It has three floors and  about 70 bed-rooms, nearly all of which  are furnished.  Arrangements have been made by which the lots can  bo sold with the house. Tho house has been running  night months and has done a paying business, and whicli  by good management could be greatly improved. For  terms mid particulars apply to  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Assignee.  Kaslo, M. C, December ISth. 1S0X  Mel jbr Sale.  Parlies wishing to engage iu the hotel business can do  well by writing to F. H. Harper. Summit Hotel, Hear  Lake, liritish Columbia. The Suinin.it Hotel can be  bought cheap for cash. The hotel is fully equipped-in  every department and is now doing a good business. Of  the mines in the immediate vicinity, which are at the  present time employing a large force of men aud shipping  a great <|Uantity of ore daily, are the Washington, Dardanelles, and Surprise. Tlie Miner Hoy and Lucky.lim  mines will shortly resume operations. The headquarters  of the freighters and packers are at Hear Lake. Hear  Lake is in the heart of the Slocan country. The Kaslo &  Slocan railway will be built right through the town in  June. Price. Sl-MO. which includes lot.ibuilding, fixtures,  and stock.   A great bargain. ;.   '  F. B. HARPER.  Hear Lake. Slocan district, H.C. January :tlst. LSill  Official Administrator's Notice.  In the County Court of  Kootenay,  holden at the east  crossing of the Columbia river.  In tlie matter of Klipbalet W. Harris, deceased,  and  In the matter of the Ollicial Administrator's Act.  Dated the ninth day of January. A. I). 1S!)I.  Upon reading fhoaHidavil of Arthur Patrick Cummins.  it is ordered that Arthur Patrick Cummins, ollicial administrator for the County Court District of lvootenay, he  administrator of all and singular the goods, chattels, and  credits of Kliphalcf W. Harris, deceased. And that this  order be published in the Nelson Tribune newspaper for  the period of thirty days.  ISignedl WILLIAM   WA1II)   SPINKS.  The creditors of Klipbalet \V. Harris, late of Nelson, in  the district, of Kootenny, shoemaker, are required within  sixly days of this date to send particulars of their claims  to iiie, after whicli time I shall proceed to distribute the  said estate. &  Dated at Donald, in the District of Kootenay, this !l|h  January, ISill. A.  P.  CUMMINS..  Ollicial Administrator.  Official Administrator's Notice.  In (he County Court, of Kootenay, holden  at the east  crossing of the Columbia river.  In the mutter of Hougera Ciovani. deceased,  and  In the matter of the Ollicial Administrator's Act.  L'pon reading the nllidavifs of Arthur Patrick Cummins and John Miles, if is ordered that. Arthur Patrick  Cummins, ollicial administrator for the County Court  District of Kootenay, shall be administrator of all anil  singular lhe goods, chattels, and credits of Hougera.  Ciovani, deceased. And that this order be published in  the Xelson Tribune newspaper during the period of  sixty days.  Dated, Ihislird day of January, 180-1.  ISignedl WILLIAM   WARD SPINKS.  The creditors of Hougera Ciovani, late of Nelson, in  the district of Kootenay, laborer, deceased, are required  to send to me within sixty days of this date statements  and full particulars of their claims, and after the expiration of such time I shall proceed with the distribution of  flic said estate.  Dated at Donald, (ith January, 18(1-1.   A.  P. CUMMINS. Ollicial Administrator.  Notice   of   Application   for   Certificate   of  Improvements���Rand Mineral Claim.  Take notice that I, I). F. Strobeck, free miner's certificate No. -II!1_I, intend, sixty days from the date hereof,  to apply to the gold commissioner for a certificate of im*  piovcinenls, for the purpose of obtaining a crown grant  of Ihe above claim. And further take notice that adverse claims must be sent to Ihe mining recorder at  Ainsworth and action commenced before the issuance of  such certillcate of improvements.  Dated this IHth dny of January, 181)1.  I). V. STItOHKCK,  ireaegMHw^^  ��s_w  Mm  r_* "was* ���������  W-'apf.'i,  __J"t**VJ  __?*-___s_ ���TJTG  TRIBUNE:   NELSON, ��� B. C, SATURDAY,  MAECH   10,  1R04.  o  Why give  travelin  reasonable  prices  the towns in which  tailors   orders   for suits when you can get good  goods, good fits,  and  from resident tailors,  who, like yourselves, are doing a share to  upbuild  they live.    The only wray to encourage home  industries is to patronize  tailors of NELSON and KASLO respectfully ask for your patronage.  West   Baker Street, Nelson.  Fourth   Street,   near  Front,   Kaslo.  Fourth Street, near Avenue A, Kaslo.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts., Nelson.  Capital,  Rest,  all paid  up,     -  $12,000,000  6,000,000  Sir DONALD A.  .SMITH   Hon. tiKO. A.  DRU.M.MOND...  K.  S. OLOUSTON    President,   Vico-I'rosidunt.  . .tjoiiornl Aliiiiiitfer  _NT__]I_SO_Sr    _3DE.___._SrCEC  N. W. Cor. Baker and Stanley Streets.        HI-A.SX'III'S  IN*        LONDON   (England),   NEW YORK,   CHICAGO,  uml in the principal cities in Canada.  I'uy mill sell St-rlintj  IO.*co.liaiigo ami Cul-Io Transfers.  (.'KANT  CO.MMI-I-CIAI,  AN*I) Tl"AVl*I,U*ltS'  l*|-|'l>ITs>,  available in any part, of the world.  i)i-.\i'"r_ iss-i-i>; coi.i.ic-i'inxs madu; rc-rc.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  RATIO OK rvriCKKST (at present) 111 Per Cent.  THEIR   OBJECT   IS   DEATH.  Suicide Clubs Popping; up Ayain as Fads of  Pessimistic Men.  J.ridgetoii, Maino, suicide club, which  wa.s organized last February, will hold its  second annual meeting and banquet on  Washington's birthday. At this feast  tho annual drawing for the black ball,  which commands the man who gets it to  commit suicide, will take place.  It has been claimed that the first suicide  club ever "organized was that of Bridgeport, Connecticut. This is not correct,  says the New York .Journal, for as early  tis 18;*>*_ there was founded in -Milan a ''Society of Suicides." The charter members,  six in number, were all men of rank.  Among them was a physician, to whom  was assigned the task of preparing the  poison by means of which members on  whom the fatal sentence had fallen were  to make their exit from life. Two victims  were sacrificed: The third lot fell on the  doctor. He. however, had witnessed the  deatli struggles of his predecessors and  declined to follow their example.  hi .1883 there was organi/.ed the Bridge-'  port Suicide Club, which has become more  widely known than any other similar organization in the world. Branches of it  have from time to time been founded in  different cities, but none has gained such  widespread notoriety. The idea, of this  suicide club was first suggested by George  Leavenworth, city editor of the .Bridgeport Union.  One night a reporter told him that a  man had killed himself in a saloon on the  main street. After leaving hi.s desk in  the "city" room, Leavenworth had occasion to go past the saloon, and'.stopped  in tosee if there was anything new to be  learned about the suicide. The place was  crowded with Germans, who were talking  excitedly over the tragic occurrence, and  many of them were lamenting that they,  too, were not free from their troubles.  This suggested an idea to Leavenworth,  ami he spoke to several of those present  whom he knew and asked that they or  any of their friends who were tired of life  meet him on the following evening at  11 o'clock. At the appointed time about  it dozen men were present, including the  proprietor, After several glasses of beer  liad been drunk Leavenworth startled  them by saying:  "Gentlemen, we are all tired of life.  Why not form a suicide club? We will  meet here once a month and have a jolly  evening. Once every year we will draw  lots to see who i.s to die. The one chosen  must kill himself before the next yearly  meeting.    -What say you nil ���*"  '���I'm with you!' shouted half those  presen in unison.  A constitution and by-laws were dra wii  up and signed by .lohn Kiuzle. Carl Mob-  erts, William Mickel. Max lleisterhagen,  Mark l'falgenlieimer, Otto Kemp, Wendell Baton and George Leavenworth. It-  was suggested that the members should  at once shake to see who was to be first  to leave care behind.  Dice was produced and the throw made.  On the first round Kinzle and lleisterhagen were tied and the others had beaten  them. Ou the throw-off Kinzle made four  fives and lleisterhagen only a pair of  threes.  "Here's to him that dies," said .Kinzle,  as he drew beer for the crowd.  "Here's to lleisterhagen," said the  others, and the om^ty mugs were passed  over to be filled again.  lleisterhagen soon left, and as lie went  out, said: "He sure, gentlemen, to keep  your oaths as avcII as I keep mine." Then  turning to Leavenworth, he said: "Vou'Il  have another suicide to tell about in your  paper tomorrow if you send a reporter  around in about half an hour."  An hour later Kinzle and  Otto Keni]>  went to I leisterhageu's saloon. They were  unable to get in, though a light was burning brightly inside;. They went away,  and next morning the body of their fellow member was found lying on the lloor.  Jle laid blown his brains out. The gas  was burning.  The monthly meetings were not observed after the lirst iwo or three, but  exactly a. year from the day on wliich the  the surviving members were again in J_iu-  zle's saloon. Leavenworth was the last to  enter and called at once for the dice.  They threw in the same order as at the  first meeting, and when it (-{line lleister-  hagen's turn the dice were cast for him,  its it was declared that his ghost was present. This throw was the highest made,  which was additional proof of the spirit's  presence.   William iMickel lost.  The party grew very merry, drinking  to the health and short Iii'e of their  doomed member. But iMickel was in no  hurry. Nearly half a year passed and the  other ineinliers of the club began to think  that he was not going to keep his oath.  One morning, however, he was found with  his throat cut from ear to ear.  On the eve of the next meeting Carl  Roberts became insane and was sent to an  asylum. The meeting was held just the  sanie tu id Lett von worth was ehosen. He  took a few days to settle up his affairs,  and was then found dying from an overdose of chloral.  Wendell IJaum cut his throat the year  afier. John Kinzle came next. He followed his friend 1 leisterhageu's plan and  shot himself. William Naylor, William  Spotton, Mark Pfalgenheimer, and .John  Konf followed in the order named.  JONES'S   FASTEST   EXPERIENCE.  The last meeting was held in May, 185)3.  At that time Otto Kemp east the fatal  die. lie sold out his business and announced his intention of having a thoroughly good time as long a.s his money  lasted, lie was heard from several times  during the'summer. One of his fellow  club-members-saw' him in Chicago "doing  the Fair" early in August. ��� When asked  if he ��� intended keeping his oath lie said:  "'Certainly! But not until my money  gives out."  That was the hist heard of him by any  of his friends until-he hanged himself in  Cincinnati on September llth. lvamp  Wits the last of the original-founders of  the club. Other members have been admitted from time to time, ami at present  the number is tAventy-three. Daniel  Loeser, it jeweler, is supposed to be president of the club.  Inspired by the example of the Bridgeport Suicide Club, similar societies have  been started at various times in different  cities of both this country and Europe.  Ata batchelors' dinner given at Dehnon-  ico's two or tinee years ago, after the  champagne had.circulated freely, the idea  of such it club was proposed and at once  adopted. Dice was produced and thrown.  Nothing'over came of it, however, and  the man on whom the fatal number fell is  still alive.  Jn Cleveland, Ohio, a society of this  nature was organized, and three deaths  haA*e been traced to it. Further than  that, however, nothing has ever been  learned concerning it.  There is supposed to exist a. suicide club  which holds its meetings tit Monte Carlo..'  This club is said to have-at one time  issued a paper called Death, in wliich was  set forth the advantages of belonging to  such a society, and also the best methods  of accomplishing one's death. f-vThis paper,  like others that haA'e occasionally appeared at tlie ".Resort of Folly," was  promptly suppressed.  Detective Pinkerton on "the Yellow-Back."  A study ill it new class of crime by an .  expert in criminal research is supplied to  the Forth American Review by William  I'inkerton of the famous detective agency  iu his sketch of-"Highwaymen of the  Railroad." Train robbing, he says, has  been "practiced pretty steadily in the  south and west during the last twenty  years, but during the last few months  outrages of this character have increased  at an alarming rate." He remarks that  train robbers "generally go in families-  that is, there are usually two or three  members of one family in tho same gang."'  A more surprising fact is that "tins majority of these robbers are recruited from  among the grown boys or young men of  small country towns." This extraordinary departure from supposed rural innocence is attributed by the detective chief  to the class of reading in which the rising  rural population indulge.  One of the reasons for the recent epidemic of train robberies may be found in  the general business depression. It is,  however, largely due, in my opinion, to  the reading of yellow-covered novels.  Country lads get their minds inflamed  with this class of literature. Professional  thieves or designing men find among this  class many who are willing to go into  their schemes. They start as amateurs  under an experienced leader. They bo-  come infatuated with the work, and never  give it up until arrested or killed.  The youth of these train robbers i.s often  extreme. One was it lad of seventeen  "who had seen a. railway train for the  lirst time" when he robbed it.  How He Rode Into the Ranks of the Enemy  on a Loaded Shell.  "Now that the subject of rapid tra.nsit  has come up," observed .Jones, "if you  gentlemen will pardon me. I will toll of  my fastest experience in that liue. I was,  as you will remember, a captain in the  Tenth Minnesota cavalry during the late  war in the United States.  "Why do you never use your title?" inquired Smith.  "For the first I'ew years after  I  came  out of   the army,  I   wsis   always  called  'captain.'    I wsis living in Illinois at that  time.    I   moved to Iowa., and the poople  there called me 'major.'   1 then Avent on  to Nebraska, and they called me 'colonel.'  I   made another move to Colorado,  and  found  myself referred to a.s 'general.'   J  saw that promotion depended simply on  moving west, and decider! that it was beneath a man of parts,  and have always  since asked  my  friends  to  refrain from  calling me by anything but my name.  A.s  1 started  to say, it A\'as at the battle of  Gettysburg.  The Tenth Minnesota played  itn important part.   Wo were exposed to  it-   severe   fire,   and,   after   several    hot  charges, I found that every officer above  me had been killed.    I instantly put myself iit the head of the troop, and determined  to  break the enemy's center, two  miles away across the valley.    We were  in front of a battery of heavy New York  artillery, which was stationed on a ridge  above us and was firing t)A*er our heads.  Calling my  men about nie, I   told  tiiem  that I proposed to smash the enemy's center or die in the attempt.  They were Avilrl  to have me lead them to victory.  I waved  my   sword   with  some  laconic remarks,  which,  had  they been   my   last   words,  would   have  gone  thundering  down  the  corridors'of time, inspiring soldiers yet  unborn, aud  we Avere off.    We Avere superbly mounted, itnd rode like the wind.  I clapped spurs to my horse antl dashed  down a little rleclevity, certainly  faster  than I had ever ridden before.    Suddenly  my horse plunged a forward, foot into a  hole,  and   went down  like  a.  flash.    My  momentum was so terrific that J rose from  the saddle and shot  forward.    I  did not  strike the ground, as I  ex pec tori,  but instantly felt myseif riding on  even more  rapidly than  before.    The noble animal  had risen under me, apparently, and was  c-ii frying mo on to victory faster than ever.  Still J was not going fast enough to satisfy  me.    I waved my sword,  shouted to my  men,    and     again     applied    the    spurs  furiously.    What was  my surprise when  my heels dashed together!   I looked cIoavii,  gentlemen, and was dumfouuded to find  myself astride a twelve-inch conical shell  from the New York battery, and riding it  across the valley for the enemy's center,  thirty feet from the ground.  "My first thought was to dismount, but  I could not disappoint my gallant men.1 I  knew they Avere coming. Once more I  waved my sword, and again I shouted.  The speed was awful. The air cut my  face like knife-points. The shell was tAvo  feet long, and gave me it good seat, but 1  held on Avith difficulty. Suddenly I  noticed a lighted I'use projecting from  near the front end of the shell. I dared  not let go witli either hand, but I was not  reaily to become a nebulous bit of star  dust. There was but one thing to do. I  leaned over, pulled out the fuse with my  teeth, anil began smoking it like a cigarette. A dozen yards before the shell  struck the ground 1 dismounted. It tore  on through the ranks of the enemy, and I  shouted, ran forward, itnd began laying  about with my sword. I held my own for  live minutes, when my men came up, and  we cut the line to pieces and won the  battle."  Robinson seemed to be the only hearer  left with the power of speech. "You  must have been highly recommended for  your action," he said.  ".The newspapers spoke favorable of it,  yes: but I came near getting court-martialed for pulling the fuse out of the shell,  thus impairing its efficiency. It was expensive I'or me financially, too, as I acquired the habit of smoking I'use in place  of cigars, and it cost me ten dollars a week  for the stuff till I was mustered out."  centuries it has been made a practice to  hold the people of any section responsible  for any riot or tumult in that section.  The result is that the people have got in  the habit of regulating affairs in their  section without any reference to the  powers that be. The electrician of the  Canton plant had the occasion to sec the  effect of this in an instance where a store  wanted lights, but the wires could not be  run, because one man objected to having  it hole cut in his house for securing a pole.  The ma.ii wanting lights informed his  neighbors, and a delegation waited upon  the individval and soon induced him to  wifhilriiAV his objection.  At first there was considerable objection  to the plant being put up. but now it has  become very popular, and is used in houses  and stores, even fruit and nut stands use  them in the street, the wires being led  from the nearest house. The light is now  so popular that thousands of lamps could  be put in all over the city if the station  was large enough to supply thorn, but its  .limit is now reached and difficulty is experienced in building a larger one, as the  franchise for the entire Canton province  is in the hands of ono man, and he wants  to make too much out of it.  The Chinese are great people to expect  privato commissions on every thing they  have it hand in, and the management of  the company, one and all, manage to steal  .something. One man, avIio has had the  handling of the money, will hold back  needed supplies anrl Avages, another, loss  fortunate, will go to the station and steal  coal and oil, and if there is any objection  the engineer i.s told it i.s none of hi.s affair.  In fact, though the plant is a. success from  tin electrical and mechanical pointof view,  it is kept running under considerable difficulty. In Canton two attempts were  made to steal the street wires soon after  tho station was started, but, unfortunately for the thieves, the wires Avere  alive, and though no one was killed, no  attempts have since been made, inhabited  by the bad Joss, as they are now thought  to be.   -GREEN   GOODS."  The Latest Scheme of the Ingenious Swindler  Exposed.  Another and most tempting phase'of  the green goods scheme has made its appearance.    The plan of the game is this:  A stranger comes to town and selects  his victim, usually a saloon' keeper. Jle  makes the saloon his hangout and spends  money freely. The proprietor soon notices, if he is at all observant, that every  time he pays for anything he'passes out a  crisp,' miAvrinkled bill. The "stranger becomes very friendly Avith the proprietor,  and one fine day he says:  "Well, I must say good-by tomorrow.  But before I go I. wish you'would give me  back those new bills. I will give you  other money for them."  'Why, what for?"  I've  I've  Electricity in China.  The streets are very narrow in Canton,  as is the case with all Chinese cities, says  a   writer  in   the Klectriral   World,  being  from 0 to 12 feet wide, and are filled with  hanging   wooden   signs.    Through   these  signs  the wire must twist and turn,  bo-  cause on no account would   a   Chinaman  allow a sign to be  moved  to make room  for the wire, as it would certainly mean  bad   luck to hi.s business.    In many cases ;  the   insulation   has   been  strongly   rein- j  forced   with   rubber and tape, to prevent |  abrasion   from   the swinging signs.    The j  streets in (/'anion are divider! into sections |  of a few blocks each, and each section is  shut off from all others by  heavy gates,  which are closed atDo'clook iu theevening.  The populace isso turbulent that for many  "Well.- I'll  tell  you.    That money  been spending here i.s not right, see ?  grown to like you, antl don't want you to  get into trouble."  The victim is astonished. Probably goes  to his cash drawer anrl examines some of  the money. He swears that it is real, but  the stranger laughs at him.  "Real? why, I'll sell you cords of that  stiilf for $30 a $100'!" Then the stranger  goes on to explain the same old story, but  with this addition:  "Y'ou've seen this exposed in the papers  a hundred times, and how a man is bound  to lose his money if he runs up against  the game. Well, if you'll do business  with me. I'll put the money right in your  hand'before you pay me a cent!"  That certainly looks reasonable, and let  us suppose the victim bites. Hcagrees to  "do business." He says he will buy $100  worth. The sharper then tells him to  meet liini the next day with $100 in $.">  bills.. They meet. The sharper produces  a largo envelope. They count the money  and'place it in the envelope. The victim  is directed to seal the envelope. The  stranger then says:  "Now, I will mark this envelope iu your  presence." Suiting the action to tin-  words he takes out a stylographic pen.  spreads out a newspaper on tlie bar to  write upon, writes it number across one  (Mid and three initials iu the middle: then,  as he blots the writing with the newspaper, says: "Now. you keep this envelope with your money in it, antl when  our agent culls on you tomorrow he will  count the good into your hand. -And  when you are convinced that it is just as  represented, not before, hand him this  envelope, lie will recognize the number  and initials and receive it in payment."  With these words the stranger hands  the victim his envelop!!, bids him good-by,  and takes hi.s leave. It is needless to say  that he immediately leaves town, anrl  that when the agent fails to arrive the  next flay and the victim opens his envelope, he 'finds it filled only with pieces of  blank paper cut to represent the $"�� bills!  A few words will .suffice to explain tho  trick, for it is as truly a slight-of-hand  trick as any .fewett or I Ion-maim or Hol  ler can rlo on tho stage. The crook has  tAvo envelopes precisely alike. Ono he  prepares by marking it' with it number  and initials and filling it with the required  number of blank sheets of paper. This he  folds inside of ii newspaper antl puts it  carelessly in his side pocket.  The other envelope he keeps in readiness  to produce at the right moment to receive  the victim's money. When-he has seen  the '"bundle" safely inside and scaled, he  fakes out his newspaper, spreads the envelope upon it, writes on it. opens up one  corner of the paper, and puts it underneath anrl blots it. Then here comes the  change, which issinipleenough. he takes  out thedtinimy envelope and hands it to  the victim. Jt i.s id I so natural that anyone might be deceived. The victim thinks  that his money does not go out of his  sight for one moment, but it does, very  much so.           Chemical Action of the Sea.  A. little consideration will show that all  the known chemical elements--and even  the unknown ones, tot:���must be contained in solution in the waters of tho  ocean. Rivers flowing over tho land are  continually taken up mineral matter in  solution, and these substances are all  added to the mass of materials dissolved  in the oceanic waters. The Thames every  day carries to the North sea some 2000  tons of dissolved material, and if all the  ri\*ers of the globe work at something like  the same rate, "iO.OOO.OOO tons of mineral  matter must day by day be added to the  stove of materials held in solution by tlie  ocean.  Now, all tho chemical elements are capable of entering into compounds which  are to it greater or less extent soluble in  witter, and-hence avc cannot doubt that iu  the enormous mass of materials dissolved  in the vast body of' sea water on our globe  all the elementary bodies must be represented.  It is'true that the chemist, by his most  refined methods of analysis, i.s unable' to  determine the proportion, even if he is  able to determine the presence, of the  rarer elementary substances which occur  only a.s "minute traces" in sea water.  When it large quantity of sea water is  evaporated, we get a mass of chlorides  and sulphates that can be separated by  analysis; but then the very delicate test's  'of'spectral ami-lysis fail to make manifest  many of the rarer metals, and .other'elementary bodies that must centainly be  present in the mass. In a well-known case  the copper sheathing of it vessel has been  proved to have taken up silver from the  sea AVitter by electro-chemical action,  though it is'probable that till our ardi-  nary'"analytical processes would have  failed to reveal the existence of the metal  in the water itself.  HOTEL  Situate on Vernon  Street, Neap Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  Its Guests can Obtain  Splendid Views  ol' Both the  Mountains and River.  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  THE ROOMS  AUK CONV KNI KNT AND  CO-MFOUTAULK.  THE TABLE  IS  TIIK    HKST   IX   THE  .MOUNTAINS.  Special Attention to Miners.  THE BAR IS FIRST-CLASS.  ILVER KING  HOTEL  John Johnson, Proprietor  Extensive  Improvements  Now Completed.  All Rooms  Refitted and  Refurnished  FINEST WINES,   LIQUORS, AND  CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  IN  C.& K.S.N.CO.  LIMITKI).  WINTER   SCHEDULE  (KOOTKNAY   l/AKKI  In ell'ect January Sth. ISill.  STEAMER  LK.WKS  NlXSHN:  Monday.-,. 0     ii. in.  Wednesdays. a:lllp. in.  Thursdays, ;'i      p. in.  Slit iirtlays. i'i:In ji. in.  'NELSON"  Li:.\vi:s IC.\si.o:  Tuesdays, :t a. in.  Thursdays, S a. in.  Fridays. H a. in.  .Sundays,     8u. in.  Special  Attention to Miners.  ROOMS FIRST-CLASS.  RATKS -.fODKRATE.  HE MADDEN  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B.C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  1'assongcrs from Kaslo. In make close connection with  Nelson & Fori .Sheppard Railway for points south, should  take .Steamer Nelson, leaving Kaslo at, .'i a. in. on Tuesdays and Fridays.  The company reserves lhe right to change this schedule  al anv time wilhoul milieu.  J.  W. TROUP, Manager.  Spokane Falls & Northern Railway,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway.  All Rail to Spokane, Washington.  I.I'll VI  A.M.  .NKLSON.  Arrive .".:I��i I'. M.  Commencing .Innnary Slh. IS'.II. on Tuesdays ami Fridays trains will run through lo Spokane, arriving there  al .V.VI I*. M. same ilaj. Ret urning will leave Spokane  al 7 A. M. on Wednesdays ami Saturdays, arriving al  Nelson al .1:111 I'. .M.. milking close connections with  steamer Nelson for all Koolenay lake points.  NOTICE  _c-V  The sit I ing of the county court of Kootenay, to lie  holden at NeNon. ha- heen postponed until .Mon'dav, the  '-'1st day of .Mav. A.I). ISill.  T. II. (IIFFIN, Resistrar.  Nelson. B.C.. Deecinher llth, 1MB.  INFORMATION WANTED.  Anv person knowing ihe wlnrealiouts of William Macdonald. u Scotchman aud a miner, who left South Kd-  iuoiilon, Alhcrla, in Ihe summer or early fall of ISil'J, for  the mountains, will confer a great favor hy addressing  eilhcrtho undersigned or Tin* Tiiliir.NK. NeNon. Hrilish  I'oluinbia. Mr. Mncdunnhl was aci|Uaiiiled wilh a prospector mimed Tom Smith. A.   Mcl.KAN.  Soulli Kdinntitoii. Alhcrta, Fehrunry'.'nd, ISill.  SHAREHOLDERS* MEETING.  The Ih-sl regular ineelingof the shareholders in Hie  Nelson Hydraulic Milling Cnmjuuiy, Limited, will In; he'd  nl the oo'iupaiiv's ollice, on H ol, linker street. Nelson,  Hrilish Columbia, on Tuesday, .March l.'ill). ISill, al 11  o'clock A.M. <i. W. RICHARDSON. Secretary.  Ncli-on. H. ('.. Fclinmry !��<r��l. IKiU.  THE MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  THE TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE  BAR  I.S Sl'I'I'I.IKH WITH  THK  HKST HRANHS OF ALL  KINliS OF WINKS,  LIQUORS. AND CIOARS.  Special Attention to Miners.  HE  Hotel Dining-Room  Under the Management of  JOHN F. GILL  lhis mei willi all the rei|iiiri'menls of (he palron- and  guests of Ihe hou-e. whicli i- now llie resort, of Hie leading mining men of I In- count r.v. Fir.-t-cln^s management  is sure Io attracl your alien!ion and palronage.  Rales:   Single meals, ;Ki cents: day hoard. J7 ner week.  Meal hours: HreakfasL. from fitn ll-IfO; lunch. l-Jlo-J:  dinner, .'r.'.Vt lo S.  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  Is one of the hesl hotels in Toad Mountain di-triet. anil  is the headquarters for prospectors and  working   miners.  MALONE    &    TREGILLUS.    Props.  NOTICE OF  ANNUAL  MEETING.  The annual meeting of Koolenay Lake lleiieial Hospital Socielv. for the election of director.-, will  he held iu  Ihe sneietv's  ollice.   |I(mh;iiii hlock. Neh    Hril.sh  I'ol-  umhia. on' Tuesday, .March l.'ltli. I>!':i. nl 2 o'clock p.m.  .Siil-scrihers and holders of Ij-month and ll'-inonth cerlill-  cntes alone lmve voles. FRANK  FLKTCH Kit,  Xelson, January .'list. ISill. l*rosid_nt.  1  .*-./";���,  ^_,_-??__^.^7^  r*-i.*?--.-'<��T!5��-  t __    r     ^ ^.     *  "igPF  nl, THE  TRIBUTE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY,  MARCH   10,  189-f,  THE   WEEK'S   ORE   SHIPMENTS.  For the week -ncling Murch   1)1 h.  lhe ore shipments  over the Xolrfon & Fort Slieppnrd railway were:  Washington mine, Slocan district,   Alamo mine, n e          Idaho mine, >��� e          Queen Hess mine,        n ,t          Kreddie Lee mine,       m ,<       .......  ���II) Ions  IS    ���  i()    i,  -.'(I    ���  2:1    ���  "Value (estimated at $!*_() a ion).  .121 tons  ..SI 1.5-0  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  Departures  i'or   the   week:   George  C  Tunstall for Spokane, John Klliot I'or  Victoria,  and  W.  C. McLean for SenLlle.  G. V. Holt, agent of.' the Bank of British  Columbia at. Nelson, relumed from San Francisco oil  Sal unlay, being hurried buck because of ihe alarming rc-  liorts published in the San Francisco /ia|iers regarding  (lie Kii-lo lire. Mr. Hull iv.-is eighl days in 'Frisco, and  reiiorl.s the Mid wilder Fair well worth a vi.-ii. Thcdis-  jilav of I'ruil from 1'nlirurniu is exceptionally line, aud  the'exhibits generally are well up lo [bo-c of Hie World's  Kair. ���The exhibit of ore from Kootenny, however, is not  such a one as a Koolenay man would lake a friend lo  look at.  Born at Xelson. on the Ard instant, to  the wife of (J. F. Ktter. 11 daughter.  A. II. Buchanan, manager of the Bank  of Montreal at Nelson, isoll'011 a trip easl lo lake a look  at the.smellers in Oreat Falls, Kasl Helena. Untie, and  SalL Lake, and may go a.s fur as Omaha and Chicago. He  will he absent, three weeks or more.  II. Ll. Pitts of; Three Forks, Louis Le-  vesquc of Rohson, Hurry Slit-ran of New Denver, Thomas  Trenerv of Kaslo. James McKni^hl of Seattle. John II.  Hnrris'of the Reuo mine. Sliican district, James Hryden  of Wisconsin, K. I). Carter of Ainsworlh, and J. H. Wilson of Kaslo were among those who registered at lhe  hotels of Nelson during lhe week.  The band boys tire leaving nothing undone in the way of' preparing for their eoncerl. to he  jjiven on the evening of the 17th of lhis month,  A man named .Savage, arrested at Nelson on Monday and taken lo Kaslo, charged with arson,  was acquitted ufter a hearing before police magistrate  AVrighl of Kaslo. Savage ran tho New York chop house  on Front street before the lire, and after the lire ran the  JJrospeol cafe on Fourth sired.  The business men of.' Nelson are to have  11 little competition iu a telegraph way. nsbolh the Canadian I'aeilie and Nelson & Fort. .Sheppard companies are  looking for i|iiarlers in (own in which to eslablish oilices.  Fred   Hichardson  has   purchased G. A.'  liigelow's interest in the linn of Uiimiuings & Co. of Nakusp, and from this time on will be found at Hint "commercial center."  Tlie dispute over the McGillivray portion of the New Denver townsite has been arranged and  the deeds passed.   Til Ies can now he registered.  Walter John Sully  has purchased   the  luiieh-eoiinler privilege at the .Merchants, and from this  time on will cater lo the hungry who frequent that well-  known Haker street resort.  Work on  the Nelson Hydraulic Alining  Company's flume and ilain at Forty-nine creek is progressing as well as could be uxpceled owing to the great depth  of snow. .Messrs. Hodgins and Keefer are lhe conlrac-  sors and at. present employ AT. men.  A   gentleman    writing   Tm-:   Trihuxk  from Three Forks says thai, il will he necessary lo have  tlie bridges on the wagon road bul.ween that place and  New Denver raised several feet. Trees and driftwood  have lodged against Lhem to such au extent thai high  water will cause them to be carried away.  S.   M.  Wharton ot New .Denver was a  passenger on Wednesday's train. _tlr. Wbarlon i.s taking  in part of a carload of machinery for bis sawmill on Sloean lake.  John Johnson of the Silver  King hotel  is making extensive improvement-! on bis properly, und  when finished will have as line a bar and billiard-room as  can be found anywhere.  Mrs. Will Hanks of Great Falls, .Montana, arrived in Xelson on Wednesday's train. Mrs.  Hanks is a sister of C;. II. Ink of Tin; Tmnuxn.  Dr. LaBau'.s birthday on Saturday last  was the occasion of a surprisegotten up in llie evening hill party of bis friends, and whose costumes seemed to consist wholly of sheets and pillow-cases. It not only  answered all the purposes for which it was intended, in  the way of a surprise for the doctor, but had such an  efl'eet on the nerves of one of the owners of The Thihuxk  that lie has tasted nothing stronger than waler since.  A fire brigade lias been started in New-  Denver. A. Aylwin is president and Neil Molnnes  chief. A considerable sum has been subscribed to purchase buckets and ladders, and an entertainment is to be  given shortly to raise more money for the purposes of the  brigade.  Captain   Lean,    with    the   Idaho   nnd  barge, is delivering 101) Ions of ice at the city wharf.' The  ice was cut. on a .small lake a short distance south of  Kaslo.  Bruce Craddock took a carload of potatoes through to New Denver last week. He expects lo  make his winter expenses out of the deal.  A. Hoyt, who managed the dining-room  of the International hotel at Nelson, is now managing  the dining-room of the .Slocan hotel at New Denver.  The   first   edition   of The  Province,  a  weekly paper published at Victoria, made its appearance  at this ollice during the week. It is fairly well gotten  up and devotes its columns to a general review of the  events of the day.  John F. Ward, who has the distinction  of having been proprietor of the first hotel stalled in  Xelson, but recently of the Occur d'Alene hold of Kaslo.  has moved his family to this place.  No one need go without Perry's Mining Map now, as  the price has been greatly reduced. Unmounted copies,  81; mounted styles, in proportion. Apply or write to  AValboj* & Co., Kaslo; T. Abriel. Nakusp; or lo the C. &  K. S. X. Co.. N'elson.  "Who Says He is not Alive?  As will be seen in another column on  this page, postofiice inspector Fletcher  calls for tenders for a til-weekly mail  service between Kaslo antl New Denver.  The. mail service .furnished by the government between these two places has  been and is at present about as bad as it  could be. The people of Nakusp, Sew  Denver. Three Forks, and ivaslo have  petitioned both the government and Mr.  Fletcher time and again in reference to  tlie miserable treatment they were receiving in tlie way of mail service. To  secure anything short of a weekly service  during the winter it became necessary for  the citizens of Nakusp. New Denver, and  Three Forks to go down in their pockets  and pay the additional expense themselves. What this province needs is a  careful canvas of till public officials by the  proverbial fool killer.  A Well-Managrecl Railway.  The Canadian I'aeilie Hail way Company  is certainly a great institution, and that,  it is managed in the interest of the shareholders the following goes to show: "It  is announced from Montreal that the accounts of the Canadian I'aeifie Bailway  Company for the year to December Ist  last, show a net income of $7.!M(i,000, and  that after providing for all fixed charges  and dividends-including the 2\ percent  payable in February on the ordinary  shares and a I per cent due April 1st on  tlie preference stock���there is !>'MK.()(H) to  be added to tlie dividend reserve, making  that fund $7,2-01,000 or more than 11 per  cent on the total share capital of $0"-,000,-  (XX).   Introduced Lincoln to His Wife.  The late Mrs. Allen Francis, whose husband was United States consul at Victoria  for many years, and at the time of his  death was filling that position at St.  Thomas, O.ntario, who died at Victoria  recently, was a native of Glascow, Scotland, but spent her early life  iu   Illinois,  where siie met and married her husband,  then engaged in the publication of the  Illinois State Journal. Abraham Lincoln  was a warm personal friend and a "frequent visitor tit Mr. Francis'home,,where  lie met and was introduced by Mrs.  Francis to Miss Todd, whom lie afterwards  made his wife. One of the lirst appointments made by Lincoln on coming into  the presidency was that of Mr. Francis to  tlie consulship at the port of Victoria.  ON   THE   YUKON.  Pour   Men  The  publis  ing:  Mile, on  steamer  AI  Cross   the   Divide   From   Yu'con  Biver to Juneau.  ska   News   of  February 22nd,  icd at Juneau, contains the follow-  'The first winter party from Forty  the Yukon river, arrived on the  Hustler at I   p.   in.  today.   They  left Forty .Mile December ISth and arrived  at Wilson's February Nth, making the trip  in fifty-three days:   They Inula hard time  of it. were blinded  by  the snow, and almost lost tlieir way on  the summit.    But  they were feeling good, as they haveabout  $1."5,000 in gold dust safely locked up in the  Occidental  hotel   safe.    They   intend  returning to Forty Mile in April.   They left  Forty  Mile  with   two   sleds   hauled   by  two   teams of dogs,   having five dogs in  one and four in the other.    Each sled had  a, load of about 300 pounds, consisting of  blankets, r teat,- -Yukon -sheet-iron stove,  grub, dried salmon and wearing apparel.  They made from 10 to 15 miles a day traveling on the ice on the  Yukon river.    At  the  end  of  A00 miles  the snow   became  deeper and   the  ice rougher,  compelling  the   unloading   of   the   tent,  stove,  and  some of their extra  effects,   which they  cached.    Some days the thermometer was  over I'm degrees below zero.   Several times  the dogs' feet were frozen to the ice, and  the men's faces, feet, and hands were,nipped by the intense cold, compelling them  to halt. They met with no great difficulty  until they reached the foot of the divide  on   the   S'ukon  side. ������ They made ah attempt to cross,  but the snow and wind  blinded     thein.     They    wrapped   up   in  blankets and lay in the snow three days  and two nights, eating frozen bread, and  beans  thawed  out by their five candles.  Snow   was  melted to get water to drink.  The storm abating, they retreated to the  timber on Lake .Bennett, taking one sled.  They made cam]) and kept a fire going to  dry out  their clothes and blankets, staying there  two nights and a day.   They  had left their $15,000 of gold dust at the  first camp where they were buried by the  snow.    Seven   dogs  followed   them  over  the divide and two remained at the Bennett lake camp.    They were out of dried  .salmon, and had not given the dogs anything to eat for five days.    One dog was  caught in a  trap and  had  to be killed.  After a. ton days' rest at "Wilson's they re-  crossed the .summit to get  the gold dust  and camp outfit.    Hank Wright remained  at Wilson's sending an Indian iu his place.  They crossed the divide, got the dust, two  sleds and  effects, and   returned to Wilson's,   making  it iii thirty   hours.     The  Chilcat  Indian  gave out and had   to be  helped.    They found  one of the dogs at  Bennett   lake  frozen to  death   and  the  other almost dead from starvation, living  for  fifteen days with nothing to eat.    It  was given bread  and dried  salmon and  Wits able to walk to Wilson's.    It was even  chances whether they  would survive or  not on the summit, but they managed at  last   to   get   their   bearings   and    push  through.    The snow Is very deep on the  .summit, but packed  hard, so that it will  hold one up without snowshoes, while at  the base it is very soft."  No Accounting for a Woman's Taste.  '"Every man is occasionally-astounded by  the  inexplicable choice of a husband by  some girl of his acquaintance, aiid what  adds to the mystery is that slie who selects  the most undesirable male in the market  is often the girl who could  have her pick  among the very best.   This desire among  sensitive and refined women to marry the  men  their brothers are ashamed  of has  never been explained.   The more dissolute  and unprincipled'.the man, the more complete seems to be his fascination over the  carefully brought-up  girl,  provided her  natural instincts are sufficiently delicate  and   high   strung.     Where   an   honest,  serious man, with a clean record and high  ambition, stands no chance, it is easy sailing for the half-reformed sot who never  pays a, debt that lie can dodge, and whom  no man would have in his house if hecould  help it.   'A bad record   with others of his  sex seems to be especially irresistible, and  if she  can   once assure   herself   that his  treatment of previous women has been so  absolutely   without  honor  and  so  offensively lirti ta I as to alienate his own friends,  she  throws  herself   into  his   arms   with  eager haste.    It seems  to  be chiefly the  sensitive   and   over-refined   women   who  prefer this type of man.    It may be hard  i'or decent men that the brutes ami blackguards   should   secure   so   many   of   the  nlunis: but tliey certainly can understand  now commonplace they iheinselves  must  appear.    And they will make a grievous  error if they try to improve their chances  by  being  lind.'  For these  wily girls are  not won  by the good nian who does bad  deeds.    It is the bad men who never can  be good to whom their hearts tire given.  Opium to be Kept out of Australia.  The Australian colony of Victoria has  liassed a very severe law against the trade  in opium. It i.s forbidden to grow the  poppy in the colony, and tlie drug may  only be imported for medicinal purposes  charged with enormous duties. This measure has been effected by the agitation of  the moral aspects of the opium business.  For some time past there has been a growing opposition in Kngland to the opium  production carried on so extensively in  India, whicli supplies the world with that  drug. Investigations made by a Parliamentary com mission have led to some surprising results, one of which is that a large  body of intelligent Knglish people in India  believe the opium  habit to be harmless.  India supplies. 03,000 pounds.of opium to  the United States every year and it i.s  believed nearly a.s much more is smuggled  in. Experts declare that not more than  half of this is used as medicine.  New Names.  Following are the names added to the  voters' list for the week ending March Oth:  Nolan, .lames Martin, waiter, Nakusp  Tanquier, Frederick George, constahle, Nakusp  Sampson, William Curtis, iK-counttMit, Nakusp  Osier, Charles Hodgson, civil engineer, Nakusp  Perks, Harry Burton, clerk, Nelson  Fo.ioftcr, William, rancher, lloundary Line  Gisley, Stephen, 111 ner, Watson  Bonner's Ferry to be a Port of Entry.  A   Washington  dispatch,  dated March  (ith, states that the bill introduced in congress  to  make  Bonner's Ferry a port ol  entry has passed the house.  W. A. JOWETT  (Notary   Public)  Victoria Street, Nelson, B. C.  lining and Heal Estate Broker  Commission and Insurance  Agent  Illil'KESENTING:  The Confederation Life Association.  The  Flioenix Fire  Insurance Conipany.   The Dominion Huilding & Loan  Association of Toronto, Etc.  MINES INSPECTED   AND  REPORTED  UPON.  Several good lots in government townsites of Now Deliver and Nelson to be sold cheap.  Stores and oilices to rent at Nelson.  Tenant, wanted for ranch on Columbin river near Hobson, or will sell.   Oood opportunity.  LOTS  IN    ADDITION  to sell on easy terms.  ii  A  Apply at, once to  W. A. JOWETT, Victoria St., Nelson, B.C.  Wj. TEETZEL & CO.  CHEMISTS and  :     DRUGGISTS  Cor. Baker and  Josephine  Streets,  Nelson, B. C.  A large and complete stock of the leading lines of  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  Central Office  of the  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  A large and complete stock of  WALL PAPER  Don't buy inferior whisky when you can have  the best at the same price. We have now  in stock WALKER'S CELEBRATED BRANDS  ORDINARY  IMPERIAL  CLUB  SEE THAT YOU  GET THEM.  IT WILL  PAY YOU  IN THE END.  HUDS0NS' BAY CO.,  Baker Street, Nelson.  AGENTS FOR: Jos. Schlitz, Milwaukee, U.S.A.; Kort  Garry Flour Mills, Winnipeg; Hiram Walker & Sons,  Walkcrville.  MAIL CONTRACT.  Sealed tenders addressed to the postmaster general,  and marked "Tender for Mail .Service," will be received  at Ottawa, until li o'clock noon, on Friday, the 27th  April, for the conveyance of Her Majesty's Mails three  times per week, each way, between Kaslo and New Denver on and from the 1st .June: next.  The conveyance to he made on horseback or in a vehicle,  at the option of the contractor.  The route pursued in conveyance of this 'mail to  be that usually traveled, calling both ways at the  postoflices al \\ atson and Three Forks to exchange mails.  The computed distance between Kaslo and New Denver is thirty miles.  The rate of travel to be not less than miles per  hour including stoppages for all purposes.  The days and hours of the arrival and departure to be  as follows, subject to 11 right of the postmaster general to  alter the saine'shoiild he consider it advisable so'to (lo:  To leave Kaslo with the mails on Mondays, Wednesdays, nnd Fridays at >( A. M. and arrive at New Denver  on the evenings of the saino days.  lieturnlng, to leave New Denver on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Sal unlays at 7 A, M.and arrive at Kaslo on the  evenings of the same days.  I'nrlies tendering need also state the rate pur annum for  which they will undertake to perform daily service ench  wav between the above points.  The contract, if satisfactorily executed, will continue  in force for a term not exceeding four years; the postmaster general reserving the right to terminate the  agreement at, any time previous to the oxniratioii of the  ' mid the puhlic interest, in his opinion, re-  three   month;  inust  four years shou  f|uire   it,   upon   giving   the   contractor  previous notice of his intention.  All expenses on this route for tolls, ferries, etc  he defrayed by the contractor.  Kncli tender to state the price asked per annum in  words at length, and to be accompanied by the written  guarantee of two responsible parties, undertaking that,  in the event of the tender being accepted, the contract  .shall he duly executed by the party tendering for the  price demanded; undertaking also to become bound with  the contractor in the sum of one thousand dollars for the  due performance of the service.  Printed forms of tendcrand guarantee may be obtained  at the postoflices at ICaslo, Watson, Three Forks, New  Denver, Nakusp, and Nelson, or at the ollice of the inspector. K. II. r'UOTC'IIKK, I'ostofllcc Inspector.  1'ostollice Inspoetor's Otlicc, Victoria, 11. (,'., 2nd March,  ISill.  ANNOUNCEMENT.  For   Member   of   the   Legislative   Assembly.  The undersigned announces himself as a candidate for  member of the legislative assembly from the south riding  of West Kootonay District, subject lo the action of the  convention to bo hold at Nelson on April 12th, 1891.  J. KKKD HUMK.  We are making ready for a dissolution of partnership, in the early spring,  and from today (Thursday, December 21st) will offer our entire stock of Dry  Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Crockery, and Glassware at cost.  ANNUAL  STOCK  TAKING  SALE.  During the month of March we will continue our Discount Sale  in the Dry Goods Department, as we have an enormous stock  and must reduce it before the arrival of our SPRING GOODS.  Special bargains given in Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots, and Shoes.  Sewing Machines, Newspapers, Books, Stationery  Legal Forms, Office Sundries, Toys, Fancy Goods.  School Supplies  a Specialty.  ROTHER  ZEPJE-OHSTT  STEEET,  Z_______S___0-  oots, Shoes, Groceries, Hardware, Iron and Steel.  MINING   COMPANIES,   MINERS,  AND  PROSPECTORS   FURNISHED   AVITH   SUPPLIES.  __��rw~ _D_E3_isr"\r_H3_R  _R_EAT_E3I_STO_E_Z_E_]  ____sr_3     _N-_A._E_ZTJS^  GROCERIES, HARDWARE,  irieFsV. Supplies...: and .General /Merchandi^  Snag-proof Gum Boots; Lumbermen's Rubbers and Overshoes;  Hand-made Calfskin Boots; Grain and Kip Bluchers; Canvas and  Tan Ox-goods; Congress Imitation Lace and Lace Boots in Kangaroo and Cordovan.   A long line in the latest styles.  The RAILWAY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  A SECOND RAILWAY IN  CHOICE BUILDING and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  _s,_5-_3___t_3 ___.i_:__o-w":__:d poe cs-ooid btjilidi-Stg-s.  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  -__._?:_?:__-_r ifoie-  peicbs,  TO  _yn-A._?S- eto.;,  FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C. and K. R. and N. Co., Nelson, B. C.  Nelson. Juimnry 101 h, 1894.  Hotelkeepers and housekeepers needing anything in the line of tableware  should call on or send to JACOB DOVER, JEWELER, Nelson, for prices.  He sells Rogers Brothers' knives, forks, and spoons at $8 per dozen;  castors, $4.50 each; butter dishes, from $1.50 to $3.50; pickle dishes,  from $2 to $5.   Full lines of above-mentioned goods always kept in stock.  Houston Block, Corner of Baker and Josephine Streets,  -^-WHT^5^^  1151 .  ,\     _A.    *.l.!-_"    i*_  �����'"_ r'.  rFSsTT  6.. ���_*���,!�����     ,"���  ���*���'..  ^rl��v��i^^


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