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The Tribune Jun 30, 1894

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 ^mMMmmm
(Q    JUL
?    WW    &*■!!
-J'/O'TORIA.' fc-J-^'
Presents an Unequalled Field for the Developer
of  Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,  Silver,
Copper, Lead, and Zinc, as Well as for
the Investor in Producing Mines.
S
Already Completed or Under Construction and
Steamboat   Lines   in   Operation   Make  the
Mining  Camps  and  Towns   in   Kootenay  Accessible   the  Year   Round.
SECOND YEAR-NO. 32.
NELSON, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, JUNE 30,  L894.
.ONE DOLLAR A YEAR.
SLOCAN   MINING   NEWS.
Niijw D13NVRH, Juno 20th.
Tlicro is ovory evidence to show that
Carpenter creek is going to follow the lead
oi' Kour-inilo creek. Tlie near approach
of the railway is causing a general rc-
■ vival of mining all over the country. Five
ndtlitional men have been put to work on
the Alamo, bringing tho total at work on
that property to seventeen. The Slocan
Star is about to double its force. Byron
White expects to have a hundred men at
work during the coming winter. A force
oi" men has been put on at the Blue Bird,
under the direction of Mr. Taylor, who
has a large interest in tlie property. The
Idaho and the Dardanelles will both start
lip again within the week. Excavation
for the foundation of the Alamo concentrator will be begun in a day or two.
George Hughes has connected the Mountain Chief by trail with New Denver on
tlie south side of Carpenter creek, and
will ship ore as soon as the railway
vi '."ouches the head of Slocan lake, lie was
'■in town a day or two ago, having just returned from a visit to the Idaho. He says
that every time he sees it he is more impressed by the showing and that he believes it is going to be one of the biggest
producers in the country.
A strike has been made on Pour-mile
Avhich reminds one of the tales that came
down from the Slocan when the'belt was
first discovered. It is just fourteen days
since Ben Finnell aud the three Thompson
boys started out on a trip in the granite
south of Four-mile. They first took in the
Fisher Maiden and watched the lay of the
country through which this mammoth
lode was bursting the granite for a mile
and a half. They tried first to trace it to
the north, across the Carpenter creek divide, but. did not find anything. They
thought it did not stand to reason that
such a big vein in such a formation should
not be cropping out somewhere else than
on the one summit; and so they retraced
their steps and went iip the second main
fork- of Four-mile to the south. They had
not prospected there for more than two
days before they found it, about two iniles
and a half south of the Fisher Maiden.
From that time on they worked hard and
kept their own counsel, and have succeeded in locating the ledge on five claims,
tracing it across the gulch and right up
to the stakes of the last extension of the
Fisher Maiden. The croppings are exactly similar to those on tlie Fisher
Maiden. In fact, tlie ore could not be
dist'inguislied""fL"d"ni'Fisher Maiden surface"
ore. It is almost beyond a doubt that
this vein which has now been traced and
located for three miles is the biggest thing
iu West Kootenay. If but a tenth part
of what is indicated on the surface is
shown up by development it is likely to
rival some of the biggest known veins of
silver ore.	
Is He Lacking in Horse Sense?
Owing to its candidate's lack of horse
sense, the government party came within
an ace of losing the south riding by default. Mr. Buchanan went up to Kaslo
along with ex-mayor Grant of Victoria
on Tuesday, intending to go thence to
New Denver and other points in Slocan
district. Before leaving Mr. Buchanan
failed to sign his nomination paper. This
fact became known, iu some way, to his
chief backer, 11. E. Lemon, late on Tuesday afternoon. Two men were at once
dispatched up the outlet in a rowboat in
search of the steam tug Kaslo, which was
known to be somewhere between Nelson
and Yuill's ranch. The tug was met at
Five-mile point, but the captain refused to
make the trip to Kaslo until he returned
to Nelson and secured a guarantee that
he would be paid. He returned to Nelson,
where, after some jangling, the asked-for
guarantee was given. Kaslo was made in
time to catch Mr. Buchanan before he left
for New Denver, and he returned to Nelson on the Ainsworth. The nomination
paper was duly signed, and Mr. Buchanan
left on Thursday morning to overtake
Mr. Grant, who is stumping the riding in
Mr. Buchanan's interest, making his lirst
speech at Kaslo on Tuesday night. Mr.
Buchanan is credited with being an able
man; but, surely, he does not display it
practically.    Is he lacking in horse sense?
Killed at the Mountain Chief Mine.
A fatal accident took place at the Mountain Chief mine, iu Slocan district, on
Tuesday last. During the forenoon Walter Hunt was sluicing dirt below the south
tunnel, looking for the vein, when a. landslide came down, carrying him almost to
tlie bed of Carpenter creek. When discovered the body was so mangled and
crushed as to be almost beyond recognition. It was taken to New Denver for
burial. Hunt had been in George Hughes's
employ as foreman on railway construction before coming to British Columbia,
and since coming here worked for Mr.
Hughes as foreman at one of his corrals
and stables. He had only been at work
around the mine a short time. He leaves
a wife and four children at Seattle.
Is Yet on the Map.
Although two-thirds of the buildings in
Kaslo have been lost by fire and flood, the
people of that town are not discouraged.
They are clearing the streets of drift anel
wreckage, repairing damaged buildings,
erecting new ones, and buckling down to
hard work.   Kaslo is yet on the map.
Under Suspicion.
"Tho landlord has put up the rent on
the family that have the second flat."
"is there anything wrong with them?"
"Ho thinks so.   They have never complained about anything."
In days of yore, from Britain's shore Wolfe the dauntless hero came,
And planted firm Britain's flag on Canada's fair domain!
Here may it wave our boast, our pride, and joined in love together,
The thistle, shamrock, rose entwine, the maple leaf forever!
OIF   T_EEE_B
WILL   BE   CELEBRATED   AT   NELSON   ON
Under. the Auspices of the Jelson Athletic Association.
_p_ro&_r_a__m:_]vi:____! _
50 yards dash, boys under 15 ". . . . .
50 yards dash, girls under 15       ......      .  .   .      ..        . .
100 yards dash, open to all comers . .
200 yards dash, (Chinese) . . ...
440 yards dash, open to all comers . . .
200 yards, obstacle race . ...
Entrance fee 10 per cent of prizes.   No entrance fee for boys' girls' and Chinese races.
Quarter-mile horse race, open to all, best 2 in 3.   Four to enter 3
to start ........$ 70
Quarter-mile pony race,  horses entered in open race barred, but
open for all other horses under 14 hands, best 2 in 3 .       35
Slow mule race (owner not to ride his own mule) . . 10
Entrance fee 10 per cent of prizes.
Base ball match between teams representing Colville, Washington,
Kaslo, and Nelson . . . . . . $200
A tug-of-war between Kaslo and Nelson firemen, 15 men on each team, best
2 in 3 pulls .........$ 25
Decision of judges final in all events.
PRIZES.
First Second
$3       $   2
3
2
15
5
5
2
15
5
10
5
$ 30
15
The  Nelson  Brass  Band will  Furnish  Music During
the Day and  Evening.
iremen's Hall, to which all are Invi
JOHN ELLIOT, President.
G-. A. BIGELOW, Sec.
JOHN HOUSTON, Vice-President.
G-. W. B. HEATHCOTE, Treas.
MINING   MACHINERY.
In the house of commons at Ottawa, on
May 18th, the revision of the tariff was
up for consideration.    When the clause
relating to miningmachinery was reached,
Mr. Mara, the member for this district,
made an effort to amend the clause, but
without success.   The clause as the government brought  it in reads:   "Mining
and smelting machinery imported  prior
to the 10th day of May, 1890, which is at
the time of its importation oi! a class or
kind not manufactured in Canada.   Free."
Judging from  the report of the debate
that took place, Mr. Mara was fighting
single  handed against  the government,
no  other  member,   not  even  one from
British Columbia, helping him out.   He
offered an amendment to the clause, but
at the close the amendment was  withdrawn.      The   amendment  named   machinery that should be allowed to come in
free.   The debate simply goes to shoAv
that the mining industry, when brought
in conflict Avith the machinery manufacturing industry, is an infant indeed.   The
manufacturers are wealthy, well organized,   and  have   voting  strength.    The
mine owners are  struggling to develop
their properties,   are  unorganized,   and
outside Mr. Mara's district have no voting
strength.
The following from the Mining Review
of Ottawa shows that the manufacturers
are united and know how to get in their
woi'k:
We have read the leading article of.
your January impression with astonishV ;
ment. We are wholly unable to understand why an article in the Canadian
Manufacturer should be made a text for a
broadside attack upon Canadian manufacturers of mining machinery, or for
flings and sneers at their products. We
have done nothing to merit such treatment, but on the other hand, we have
seen protection entirely swept away from
us, and in our own judgment, have been
as meek as lambs under the process.
Under the construction of the Mining
Machinery Act which has prevailed, mining machinery manufacturers have no
protection whatever, and this is idle to
deny. 'IT every American or European
mining machine bearing a different name
plate from those made in Canada is to be
admitted free, it is simply puerile to claim
that Canadian manufacturers are protected. As to the wisdom of this course
in its relation to the welfare of the country at large, we will not argue, but the
fact no candid man can fail to see. Meanwhile we are taxed upon every pound of
material that enters our products, and
upon every pound of coal that goes into
the cupola or under the boiler, and we are
thus taxed i'or the benefit of Canadian
mining interests. Under these circumstances we believe we have a substantial
grievance.
We say here, as we have always said,
that what Ave believe to have been the intent of parliament in passing this Act,
has, and always had, our cordial sympathy and support. We say freely and
frankly that if the miners of Canada cannot supply tlieir legitimate needs at home,
they should be allowed to supply them
from abroad, without being taxed in doing
so. but avc do not believe they should be
allowed to import free of duty any machine they see fit, provided only it bears
a different name plate from those made
here. On this point you differ from us,
but we have no quarrel with you for this
or any other difference of opinion. Our
count against you is, that without cause
you have deliberately endeavored to discredit our products, and to excite opposition to us amongst our customers.
Your statement that Canadian miners
prefer to buy at home because of convenience of inspection, i.s simply a manifestation of ignorance. Not one in twenty of
our machines is ever inspected before
.shipment. Cur goods are bought on tho
maker's guarantee, which would indicate
that Canadian miners have some confidence in us, if you have not. Your talk
about our "easy profits" and "abundant
custom" i.s rubbish and again shows igno-
aiu-o of the facts.
While we have never hesitated to express our views regarding the construction of the tariff act, we have carefully
and consistently refrained from entering
upon any controversy over it. We recognize that the miners are our customers,
and, we believe, our friends, and we have
considered that their good will was worth
far niorc to us than any con cession that
might lie obtained after acrimonious controversy. This, as we believe, enlightened
and liberal policy, will, however, come to
naught, il such articles as the one opening
your January impression are to continue.
We have thus refrained from controversy in the past, and it is not our purpose
to enter upon it now. Whatever you
may say. we shall pursue the subject no
further, but as patrons of your paper, wo
ask you to publish this remonstrance iu
your next impression, and with it, a retraction of the reflections upon us and our
products. (Signed)
Tin-: Ji-:.vi'Ki-:s .Macihnk Co.,
Inokksou, Hock Dun.I. Co. <>K CANADA,
Canadian Hand Duiu, Co.,
Mii.i.kk Hito'i'iiKi's \" Toms.
Tin-; XoiiTHKV Manckai TfiiiNd Co. l/m.,
John I'ki'tiia.m A.* Sons.
Placor Ground Discovorod,
D. J. Darraiigh of Nakusp arrived at
Nelson this afternoon, walking iu from
Kobson, He reports a stampede from
Nakusp to the placers on Trout creek,
which is twenty-odd miles south from
Nakusp, Mr. I'.-uraiigh has prospected
the creek, and believes that the ground is
good and that two thousand men will bo
working there this summer.
W
ki c
■ i'
ffA-
Ji
 • ______    :     ,    Vr- THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B. C, SATURDAY, JUNE  30,  1894.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THE TRIBUNE is published, on Saturdays, by John-  Houston & Co., and will be mailed to. subscribers  on payment of One Dom.ah a year. No subscription  taken for less tban a year. ���  REGULAR ADVERTlSKMENTS printed at the following rates:    One inch,  $M a year:  two inches,  SGO a year; three inches _��S1 a year; four inches,  ' ��9G a year; Ave inches. ��105 a, year; six inches and  over, at the rate of SI.50 an inch per month.  TRANSIENT ADVElt'J'ISEJIENTS -.0. cents a line for  lirst insertion and IU cents a line for each additional  insertion.   Birth, marriage, and death notices free.  LOCAL OH RKADING MATTKR NOTICES 2a cents a  line each insortioi).  JOB  PRINTING at fair rates.    All accounts for job  '   printing and  advertising payable on  tho lirst of  overv month; subscription, in advance.  ADDRKSS all communications to  THE TRJMUNK, Nelson. B. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  D.  LaBAU, M.D.���Physician and Surgeon.   Rooms 3  and I Houston block, Nelson,   Telephone 12.  LR. HARRISON, B. A.-Barristcr at Law, Convey-  ��� ancer, Notary Public, Commissioner for taking AIll-  davits for use in tho Courts of British .Columbia, etc.  Oilices���Ward St., between Baker and Vernon, Nelson.  ��te ��riimnt\  SATURDAY MORNING.  .JUNE 30, 1891  For  "Member of tlie Legislative Assembly for.the'South  Riding of West Kootenay District,  JOHN   FREDERICK   HUME.  platform of principles.  ADOI'TUD IIY DELECA'J'KS IN CONVENTION  O.N*  TIIK HTU  OK A MUX,, 1SJW.  "Whereas, the men that upbuilt the Dominion of Canada  were not of one nativity, and if a healthy patriotic  sentiment is to prevail, and only by the growth^ of  such a sentiment can Canada take a place among English-speaking nations, tho responsibilities of government  must be entrusted to men of known capacity, and not to  men who by accident of birth imagine themselves rulers  by Divine right.   Therefore, be it resolved���  ���First.   That we hold as reprehensible the practice of  appointing non-residents to oflicial positions in interior  . districts, and we maintain that all oilices, where practicable, Should be filled by residents of tho district wherein  the ollicial performs duty.  Second. Special and privato legislation not only consumes too great a part of tho time that should be devoted  to the consideration of public measures, but it leads to  practices that tend to lessen confidence in the integrity  of the legislative assembly, and through it an insidious  poison is disseminated that in time will find its way  throughout the whole organism of the body politic;  therefore, we favor the enactment of general laws that  will reduce to a minimum special legislation and do  away with privato legislation altogether.  Third, The interests of the province were not  ' safe-guarded in the agreement between the government  - and the Nakusp & Slocan Railway Company, and the  policy of the government in pledging the credit of the  province, in order that speculative companies may profit  thereby, is to be condemned.  Fourth. After making provision for the payment of  the running expenses ot the government, expenditures  should be confined solely to the building and betterment  of wagon roads and other works that are for the free use  and benefit of tho public-at-large, leaving to private enterprise the construction and operation of railways and  all other undertakings for tho use of which the public  arc required to pay.  Fifth. The speedy adjustment of the 'differences between the province and the Dominion, to the end that  the land within the railway belt along the Canadian  Pacific railway be thrown open to settlement under the  land laws of the province; the amendment of the Land  Act so that it will be an equitable contract between  the province and the settler, eliminating all discretionary  powers of tho chief commissioner of lands and works;  also amending it so as" to permit the outright purchase of  small tracts in all unsurveyed mountainous districts.  Sixth. The timber lands of the province should be  held in trust for the future needs of its people, and not  handed over, under long leases, to speculative mill owners as a saleable asset.  Seventh. The development of the mining industry  should not be hampered by legislation that makes the  procurement of title to surface rights impossible; that  lovies unequal taxation on working miners; and that  makes it difficult to compel delinquent co-owners to pay  their share of assessment work; therefore, wo favor the  repeal of sections 8 and 15a of the Mineral Act and a  revision of the sections relating to mining partnerships.  Eighth. The passage of an act whereby water rights  for any specific purpose may be obtained as readily as  such rights are now obtained for mining purposes under  the provisions of tho Mineral Act.  Ninth. The establishment of a land registry for Kootenay district.  Tenth. The holding in Kootenay district of terms of  the county court at short intervals; extending the  power to issue capias to registrars of county courts in  districts iu which there are no resident judges; and the  passage of an act that will allow the collection of small  debts in courts composed of justices of the peace.  Eleventh. The extortions to which laborers on railway  construction and other works arc compelled to submit,  through tho issuance of time-checks, is alike discreditable to tho men who prolit by such practices and to the  government that makes no cd'ort to render such practices  impossible. Tho issuance of non-negotiable time-checks  should be made a punishable offence, and the issuance of  negotiable time-checks should only be allowable under a  law that would safeguard the rights of the party to whom  they are issued.  Twelfth. Contractors and sub-contractors on railways  should have a means of getting speedy redress from unjust classification and unfair measurement of work by  the appointment of an ollicial arbitrator who shall be  a practical engineer.  Thirteenth. The government is to be condemned for  the passage of a redistribution act that is not uniform in  its provisions, and by which representation is neither  based ou population, voting strength, nor contributed  revenue. __________  Resolved, that the attention of tho government is  called to the necessity of having paid constables stationed  at points on the International boundary line like Ry-  kcrt's and Waneta.  Resolved, that it is of tho utmost importance that trails  and wagon roads be built to connect all mining camps in  "West Kootenay with transportation routes that are open  the year round.  Resolved, that the nominee of this convention be required to pledge himself to do his utmost to carry out the  views expressed in the resolutions adopted by this convention, and that each delegate to this convention make  every effort to secure the election of tlie nominee of the  convention.  Resolved, that the lands embraced within railway  grants should he immediately surveyed, in order that  they be open to settlement.  Resolved, that the people living in the valley of Kootenay river between the lake and the International bound-  dary line and those living in Fire Valley on tho west side  of Lower Arrow lake are justly entitled to mail facilities,  and that we deem it a duty to urge that postolllcus lie  established at Rykort's custom-house and at a central  point in Fire Valley.       LETTER   OF   ACCEPTANCE.  Xei.SON. April 17th, 1801.  TO TIIK ClIAIIt.MAN AND   .SKCICI'TAUV   (M--  TIIK  SOUTH  Kootknay Convention���Gentlemen: I herewith accept the Humiliation for member of Ihe legislative assembly tendered me by tin: delegates assembled in convention at Nelson on the lllh instant ; and if elected I  Mill use my best endeavor* to carry out the principles of  the platform adopted by the convention, believing them  lobe in the iutere.it. of all those who favor good government. Thanking you and the delegates for the honor  conferred, I am respectfully yours,  J. FRKD. HUME.  li. K. Ohkkn, Hs(|��� chairman.  J. A. Tuknkh, secretary.  Mr. Hume holds that the practice of appointing non-residents to official position  in interior districts is reprehensible; that  special and private legislation tends to  lessen confidence in the integrity' of the  legislative assembly; that the building of  'railways, should be left to private enterprise; that the surplus revenues should  be expended for the betterment and building of wagon roads; that the timber  lands of the province should be held in  trust for the future needs of the people;  that the prospector is fairly entitled to  surface rights of mineral claims; that  working miners should not be required to  pay a tax not required of other working  men; that working men be protected from  the extortions of time-check userers; and  that sub-contractors on railway work be  given means to adjust differences between  themselves and railway companies.  Mr. Buchanan holds that the present  government will bring about needed  changes in its own way and in its own  time. .  Mr. Hume is supported by men whose  every interest is in the district, and who  can have but one desire, that is, a government that will adjust expenditures to  meet our present and future requirements.  Mr. Buchanan is, in the main, supported  by men whose interests are elsewhere,  and who care nothing for the future of  the province, as'long as the present brings  them profit.  If elected, Mr. Hume will be approachable; Mr. Buchanan, if elected, will be just  the opposite. Mr. Hume will work for the  best interests of the people; Mr. Buchanan  will work to advance himself politically,  for he is politically ambitious. In order  to gain'his election, Mr. Hume will not renounce formerly avowed principles on the  liquor or any other question. Mr. Buchanan, in order to gain an election, will  be required, to renounce life-long principles  in order to gain the support of a class that  he despises.  ���         If The Miner is the only newspaper in  West Kootenay that is the personification of honesty, truth, and manliness, and  the only one that treats all classes alike,  why is it that its patronage comes only  from one class? Merchants do not patronize it; mine owners have no use for it;  laboring men despise it. Canadians consider it an enemy; Americans seldom read  it; Englishmen laugh at its pretentiousness. The Miner is simply the mouthpiece of that small class of Englishmen  Avhp hate themselves and abuse everybody and everything not English.  No people, as a whole, are more tolerant  than those of West Kootenay, but when  the mouthpiece of a faction who believe  themselves superior beings, of a faction  who would rather be credited with having the vices of their countrymen than  tlie virtues of the people among whom  they live, is it any wonder that there is a  disposition to draw class lines in order to  teach the mouthpiece and its followers a  lesson. The English snob, like the Canadian snob, flocks by himself, and never  makes a very large crowd. The crowd is  an exceedingly small one in West Kootenay, notwithstanding it has a mouthpiece that at one time was a fairly decent  newspaper.   At a meeting at Kaslo on Tuesday night  George Owen Buchanan said that the opposition were lacking in ability; that if  returned in the majority they would be  unable to carry on the government. This  coming from a man who was so far lacking in knowledge of the requirements of  the election act as to go off on an electioneering tour without first signing his  nomination paper is pretty good.  The Miner is much exercised over the  political position of Mr. Hume, and asks  him to retire from tlie contest. As Mr.  Hume's candidature was not the result of  any action taken by The Miner or  the men who support it, neither The  Miner nor the men who support it will bo  consulted as to the ways and means of  bringing about Mr. Hume's election.  covered that he, or it, is a corpse, or has  been galvanized into a fictitious semblance  of life, it is time to cast delicacy to the  winds and to say publicly that which  every thinking man says privately.-/'"The  president of the United States is a back  number, a dead issue, and, all the laudation and eulogy he can expect from the  American people must be fonnd upon his  tombstone.  Every employer of labor that favors a  reduction in wages is working to secure  the election of G*. O. Buchanan, because  he is in sympathy with them. Mr. Buchanan is a cheap-labor man, never was  anything else, and is not likely ever to be  anything else.  OUIDA'S   ECCENTRICITIES.  AN   INCIDENT  AT   MACKAY.  THE   TWO   CANDIDATES.  The nominations have been made and  the contest i.s now ou in the south riding  of West Kootenay district.   The opposition candidate is John Krecl Hume; the  government candidate   is   George Owen  Buchanan. Nothingcan be said against the  personality of either candidate.    Both are  good  citizens.   But the one i.s the candidate of a party with avowed principles;  the other i.s the candidate of a party with  no principles, other than to retain ollice.  The candidature of the one is the result  of action taken by the people of the district; the candidature of the other i.s tlie  result of action taken by men who live at  Victoria.   If elected, the one in  pledged  to do his utmost to bring about legislation  that will correct existing defects in our  jaws; the other has pledged himself to  jibidu by t-lio decision of the party caueiw.  Tin-, election of .lohn l<Yed Hume means  that an effort will be made to secure the  passage of a general railway act that will  allow th" building of railways without  interior'ace from the legislative assembly. Ifsuehanaet had been passed four  years ago, the Slocan country would now  have a railway in operation without having cost the province a dollar and vested  property interests avouIcI be safe. The  election of George Owen Buchanan means  that the system that has scandalized the  government and endangered thecreditof  the province will be continued.  Her Impromptu Call on Lord Salisbury and  How She Repaid His Courtesy.  Ouida and Jimmy Whistler have caused  the Londoners to feel overwhelming  spasms of fear at the near approach Of  literary persons. Perhaps this accounts,  in some measure, for the great celebrity  enjoyed by literary people in the big English metropolis. What Mr. Whistler says  and writes always attracts more attention  than the things he paints, while the  stories of the manner in which Ouida has  snubbed, insulted, and berated the people  who have tried to be civil to her are innumerable.  The last time she was in London she  was wandering along St. James's place,  when a big yellow house up a side street  caught her eye. She walked up and  looked at it thoughtfully. She was a  queer figure of a small, shrunken Avoman  of advanced years, with a seamed and  wrinkled face, old-fashioned ringlets hanging in front of her ears, an odd little bonnet cocked askew on her head, hoop skirts  and old-fashioned congress gaiters.  She leaned forward on her big umbrella  and gazed at the house for a long while.  Finally she beckoned a policeman to her  and asked him who lived there. The policeman touched his cap and remarked  that it was the town house of the prime  minister. Thereupon Ouida walked up  to the door, rang the bell, and told the  flunky who opened the door to announce  to lady Salisbury that sne was there. The  flunky looked her over carefully and sent  a second footman up stairs Avith the message, while he kept his eye upon the odd-  looking visitor.  Lady   Salisbury,    like   most   English  women, had adored Ouida in her school  days, and she came down stairs and set  about the work of making the novelist  welcome.    She   was   cut  short  in her  speech, however, by a terse inquiry from  her visitor concerning the prime minister.  "If he is at home," said the novelist, "I  should be  greatly  obliged  if you  will  bring him down and I will look at him.  I  have never seen him, aud as I am goiug  away from London shortly I shall probably never have another opportunity of  seeing him unless you bring him in now."  She seemed to regard the marquis of  Salisbury as a sort of prize pig to be exhibited, and she talked about him in such  a  curious  fashion   that  lady  Salisbury  went back to his study and brought in  that exalted personage.   Ouida looked at  him through her spectacles with the same  air of examining a prize exhibit that was  suggested in her talk, and finally ended  by expressing her approval of the premier.  She was invited to come and dine in au  informal way two nights later, and the  prime minster, who had been enormously  tickled by the interview, invited a number of lofty personages to his house that  night.   The  dinner  hour  came, but no  Ouida.   The guests sat down and talked  about the novelist, but not a word was  heard from her, and it was not discovered  until the following day that she had read  a speech of the marquis of Salisbury on  the morning of the day of the dinner, and  it had displeased her so much that she  had decided to have nothing to do with  the Salisburys thereafter.  At the present time Ouida is in a pitiable condition. Her house and all her personal property in Italy have been sold to  pay her debts, and she is almost destitute  of money. Her eccentricities have become more and more pronounced, and it  is said that the people who are brought  into contact with her find it almost impossible to retain their composure under the  sharp and biting comments which she  makes upon thein.  Tiik Minkr says it is not in the habit of  interfering with the business methods of  Tiik Tit nil'.vk. Yes; but if it would only  pattern after our methods, its circulation  might be such as to justify local business  men to use its columns for advertising  purposes.   Under ordinary circumstances, says the  San I'Vanciscn Argonaut, it would bo indelicate, and even indecent, to publish an  obituary before thedeccdent was properly  interred. Hut when, as in the case of  (hover Cleveland, tho corpse has not dis-  Wardner'a Latest Venture.  The Nevada Silver Stato says that one  of the most important mining sales in the  history of Humboldt county has just been  consummated at Winnctnueca. It was  the sale of the Imperial mine, mill site  and water right in Kennedy district by  Messrs. Kennedy, Benton, aud Wilkinson  to J. F. Wardner. The purchase price  was $50,000, of which $5000 in cash was  paid down, the remainder to be paid in  regular installments. According to the  terms of the agreement the new owner  must have a mill of at least ten stamps in  operation by September 22nd, next. Mr.  Wardner has been prominent iu mining  affairs on this coast for years, being very  successful in various ventures in which he  has engaged. Though he bought the Kennedy mine for himself, it is well known  that he represents wealthy capitalists,  who -will doubtless spend considerable  money in putting up a propor mill for the  reduction of the ore of the Imperial. Iu  fact it i.s said that the building of a 20-  stamp mill with latest iniorovements will  be commenced immediately.  His Conclusions at Variance with His Premises.  Sergeant Kelley, a celebrity of the Irish  bar, had a remarkable habit of drawing  conclusions directly at variance with his  premises, and was consequently nicknamed "Counsellor Therefore." In court,  on one occasion, he thus addressed the  jury: "The case isso clear, gentlemen,  that you cannot possibly misunderstand  it, and 1 should pay your understandings  a very poor compliment if I dwelt upon  it I'or another minute; therefore, I shall  at once proceed to explain it to you as  minutely as possible.  And the  Valuable Lesson Drawn Therefrom  j. by Uncle Jerry.  We were, seated at the card-table in the  officers' club-room, playing poker with the  post-trader aud drinking warm beer.  The windows had all been thrown open to  admit the night-air, which, from radiation, becomes quickly freshened' in dry  climates, when skies are clear and sun has  set, and bathes the thick-walled, adobe  buildings, tempering them and making  them habitable, and, if closed in eaiiy  morning, seem cloisters of coolness���welcome refuge, after drill or duty done in  the glare aud pitiless heat of day. No  other material known to architecture so  well resists the penetrating ardor of'iui-  tempered rays shed in southern summer  by a cloudless sun; for adobe is of mother  earth, the grand conservator of heat and  cold, and, like her, makes stubborn resistance to changing temperature.  The walls of the building now seemed  hot and exhaled through the room the expiring heat of day. Standing near  them, hot air was breathed on the face  iike the slow, warm breath of a great  animal sinking into silent sleep. The sun  had set, and the dimness of twilight was  creeping from the valley over the foothills and rising in shadowy cones of mountain purple up the pine-clad slopes beyond, spreading over forests that framed  the base of frozen bastions, whose faded  whiteness, seen in failing light, was that  of snows a sunset had fete cold. The curtains and flank's of nature's grand redoubt  were no longer visible, for the fugitive  after-giow had faded into gray, and the  sharp tracery of the divide was lost for  want of light.  Through the open window we could see  the sentry-lamps, just lighted, bordering  the rectangle of the bare parade���steady,  sultry, and yellow, like the street-lamps  of a foreign town. Around each, as far  as the illumination extended, lay a disk  of yellow, where, the white parade had  taken up the tone of light that fell upon it.  Centrally in each disk lay a circular  shadow, cast by the base of the lamp. On  the side of the general bar-room alight  near the door of the traders' store illuminated the compound as far as the troop  corral, where a stable-guard paced the  gravel in his rounds past the heavy gates,  challenging and admitting mounted parties returning from duty or from pass.  It was shortly after.dinner, and, being  yet warm, the game had not grown hilarious. Davis, our post-surgeon, had not  joined in the play. That afternoon he  had been shooting_ fool quail on the mes-  quite flat, up the Gila; he was late at mess,  so had������ missed the arrival of the week's  mail, this being Friday; and, still in  shooting-jacket, was seated at the reading  table, looking over news contained in  latest New York papers, now ten days  old, and opening his letters.  "I thought I heard firing toward Mac-  kay." Davis had walked across the room  and was standing near au open window.  He spoke quietly to the trader's clerk, still  giving the alert atteution of one uncertain  that he has heard a sound.  ' Mackay was au adobe village adjoining  the garrison, Avhere soldiers became intoxicated and Avere then robbed, for the  territorial laws Avere getting severe and  it Avas not Avise to rob men sober.  Several shots tired in quick succession  confirmed the doctor's opinion; there Avas  a pause in the poker game, a shuffling  back of chairs, aud someone said: "lie-  member, Jones, it was your ante," as Ave  joined, the surgeon at the Avindow.  The shooting had ceased, and in the vil-*  lage Ave could iioav hear the barking of  clogs, the hurrying of feet, and the sound  of an unshod horse galloping over soft  earth on the flat leading up to the post.  A moment later the horse Avas halted  under the sentry's challenge at the corral,  and a coAvboy, clad as on rodeo, came into  the general bar and asked for the post-  surgeon, saying, as Davis entered: "Doc,  they've had a scrap at the Harmony, and  need you and an undertaker." He spoke  Avith the short, quick breath of one Avho  has hastened.  "The undertaking can Avait," said Davis;  "but I'll go doAvu at once. Hide around  to the hospital and toil the steward to  bring my operating case and bandages to  the Harmony. I'll'walk; you can overtake me."  I accompanied Davis to the village, distant a few hundred yards and comprising  a double roAV of square adobe flats along  the Calle Audea, an unpaved street lined  Avith acequias, now dry, but containing a  few Lorn barely poplars whose pivotal  leaves wore too languid to flutter, so still  Avas the night air. There were no lights  in the streeLs, and in most of the houses  they had been extinguished as soon as the  firing began; tlie few that remained shone  through windows opened to admit the air  and fell in rectangular patches on the  bare adobe foot-path between the buildings and the acequia. These desultory  illuminations made the rest of the street  seem dark, though, from the splendid  starlight summer nights iu Arizona are  never really so.  We Avere guided to the Harmony _ by  the tramp effect and the sound of voices  at the lower end of the street, and as we  walked t<nvard it and entered the darkened space which succeeded the illumination from a solitary windoAV, we stumbled  over Avhat, on examination, proved to be  tho body of a man, lying Avhere he had  stumbled over the edge of the acequia in  crossing the street. _ Wo turned him over,  and Davis, on examination, found that he  was dead, being shot through the base of  the neck. We left him lying Avhere wo  found him and hurried on to the Harmony,  which together with the_ portion of the  street directly in front of it, must, Avheu  avc got there, havo contained every inhabitant of the village, even to tho last  Chinaman and dog.  Davis forced hi.s way through the outer  crowd that jammed tho entrance to the  door; those recognizing his person tried  to fall back and admit him. I followed  Davis, and finally found myself iusido  the Harmony���-a bar, gambling-house, and  concert hall combined, aud consisting of a  single large, rectangular adobe room,  dimly lighted by a Tew dirty bracket  reflector lamps,1 whose sickly flames  seemed sinking foi>want of oxygen in the  oppressive, alcoholic air. The tarnished  reflectors Avere set levelso that the limiting shadows from the base of the lamps  almost covered the floor, leaving the lower  angles of the room in feeble, uncertain  lialf-light.  Lying quietly on a faro table Avas a  gambler, shot through the lungs. The  blood welled profusely from a bullet hole  in his side and trickled into an increasing  pool, which was now overspreading the  "lay-out" like a last mocking sanguinary  wager, offered ironically by one avIio had  already accepted the terms of death.  To the left stood a rancher, leaning  against the bar, holding with his right  hand his left forearm, Avhich Avas badly  shattered beloAV the Avrist.  In the dimly lighted corner most remote  from the door, seated on a piano-stool,  Avas a young girl, sobbing violently, as if  in pain or in great grief. In her despair,  she had throAvu herself forAvard on to the  piano aud buried her fair, but dissipated,  face in a mass,of broAvn hair,,drawn from  nude shoulders it had, served to drape,  and noAV confined only by her white, bare  arms, which rested on the white, bare  keys. Her physical abandonment was as  utter as her moral hopelessness seemed  complete.  After stanching the hemorrhage of the.  man shot through the lungs, Davis turned  his attention to the girl. Laying his hand  gently on her bare shoulder, Avhich was  trembling accompaniment to her violent,  intermittent sobs, Davis asked her where  she Avas hurt. She sobbed in reply that  she did not know. Then he made examination, and found that she was not hurt,  but that a stray shot from the direction  of the gaming-table had struck the keyboard of the piano, ripping up some of the  keys beneath her fingers while she was  playing. She was unnerved with fright,  hysteria accompanying it.  Then the doctor bound up the rancher's  shattered Avrist, after removing some  splintered.fragments. The full extent of  the shooting now being knoAvn and having been discussed, the crowd began to  thin away.  When the surgeon's work was finished,  a venerable frontiersman, avIio had greatly assisted Davis in dressing the wounded,  spoke to the croAvd that still remained,  saying, solemnly and slowly: "Well, gentlemen, this'ere scrap has taught me one  thing!" ���'���'.-,.  What is that, Uncle Jerry?" asked a  chorus of bystanders.  Uncle Jerry dreAv himself up to his full  frontier height, and, after a pause long  enough to prepare us for a speech oracular  in patriarchal Avisdom, replied:  "It has taught me, gentlemen, never to.  decline a drink."  He had been watching the poker game,  and just after he had riseu from his seat  and had started to the bar at Tom Col-  lins's invitation to drink,'the ball had  opened and the ball Avhich finally lodged  in the piano-keys passed through the back  of his then vacant chair.  Good-Natured Chaff.  At one of the annual dinners of the New  England Society of NeAv York, at which  Mr. Blaine and the late governor Van  Zandt of Rhode Island Avere both guests,  a little good-natured chaff Avas indulged  in as to the relative influence of the Hollanders and Yankees in the settlement  and development of NeAV York. "I can  give you the history of NeAV York in a  sentence," said Van Zandt, in Avhose veins  coursed both Dutch aud Yankee blood.  "The Dutch settled New York, and the  Yankees settled the Dutch."  The undersigned, owners of the  townsite of Four Mile City, now called  Silverton, have made arrangements  for the completion of the survey of  the townsite, in order that a map of  the same can be filed for registration  in the land registry office at Victoria.  As soon as the survey is completed,  be given to all lot pur-  their making final  d. FRED HUME,  WILLIAM HUNTER.  Nelson, B.C., May 23rd, 1894.  deeds will  chasers  ments.  on  pay-  KASLO.  TIME  TABLE-NO. 3.  In effect Tuesday, May 1, 1891.  ���)  Tho only first-class holol in Kaslo, is now under  tho management of tho undersigned, who will  endeavor to make it tlie host of any in lvootenay.  Thu hotel is the head'iuarters of mining men.  Kaslo, May 27th, 18W.  JOHN F. GILL.  ouse  BAR.  Corner Stanley nnd Silica streets, Nelson. Wo are now  niiiiiiiiK tlie Stanley liou.se bar, and will he glad to have  our friends and acquaintances give us a call.  DAWSON & OI'ADDOCK.  Nelson  Livery Stable  jugnrs    railway depot aud stoambunt landing.   I< i-oiglit  hauled and job teaming demo,   otovo  wood for salo.  WILLIAM WILSON PROPRIETOR  DISSOLUTION oTPART^RiHIP.  w. ir,  lylor, doing business tumor the firm  mum! of Graham & Taylor, is from and after this date  dissolved by mutual consent. W. IT. Clralinm assumes  ail liabilities, and is alone authorized to collect accounts  due the late linn. W. II. GRAHAM,  Witness:   W. IL Rkdmond. J.A.TAYLOR.  Dntod ut Nelson, Drltlsh Columbia, May 7tli, lSili.  Revelstoke Route���Steamer Columbia.  Connecting with the Canadian Pacific Railway (main  lino) for all points oast and west,  Leaves Revelstoke on Tuesdays and Fridays at -1 a. in.  Leaves Robson on Wednesdays and Saturdays at 8 p. m.  Northport Route-���Steamer Columbia.  Connecting at Northport for points north and south on  the Spokane Falls & Northern Railway.  Leaves Robson Wednesdays and Saturdays at f> a. m.  Leaves Northport Wednesdays and Saturdays at 1 p. m.  Kaslo Route���Steamer Nelson.  Connecting with- Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway for  for Spokane and all points cast and west.  Leaves Nelson for Kaslo  Tuesdays at 0 a. m.  Wednesdays at 5:10 p. m.  Fridays at 9 a. in.  Saturdays at 5:10 p. in.  Leaves Kaslo for Nelson-  Sundays at 8 a. m.   ���  Wednesdays at 2:30 a. m.  (Oimiw-tliii; with N. li V. S. train)  Ihurs('laysat8a. in.  Saturdays at 2:110 a. in.  (L'uimiictiiiK with ,N. ,t k. s. truiii)  Bonner's Ferry Route���Steamer Spokane.  Connecting with Great Northern'railway for all eastern points, Spokane and the Coast.  Leaves Kaslo at 3 a. in. and Nelson at 7:15 a. m. on Tuesdays and' Fridays.  Leaves Bonner's Ferry at 2 a. m. on Wednesdays and  Saturdays.  The conipany reserves the right lo change this sohcdulo  at any tunc without, notice.  For full information, as to tickets, rates, etc., apply at  the company's oflice. Nelson, H. C.  T. ALLAN, Secretary.      J. W. TROUP,  apply  Manager.  Spokane Falls & loptherii Bailway,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway.  All Rail to Spokane, Washington.  Leave 7 A.M..  ..NKLSON..  .Arrive 5:10 P.M.  Commencing January Sth. 1801, on Tuesdays and Fridays trains will run through to Spokane, arriving there  at 5:30 P. M. same day. Returning will leave Spokane  at 7 A.M. on Wednesdays aud Saturdays, arriving at  Nelson at, 5:10 P. M., making close connections -with  steamer Nelson for all Kootenay lake points.  TO   TUB  Electors of the South Ring  OF WEST KOOTENAY.  Gentlemen: Having been requested at  a large and influential meeting oi the  electors ���of Nelson, and also by a requisition signed by a large number of the  citizens of Kaslo, to stand as a candidate* in the Government interest at  the forthcoming Provincial Election, I  desire to signify my acceptance of the  nomination aim to thank those aa'Iio  have proffered me the honor. To them  and to the electors generally T Avish to  say that, if elected, 1 Avill give careful  attention to all matters coming Avithin  the sphere of legislation and to the best  of my ability protect and promote the  interests of the district and the province,  lam, gentlemen, very respectfully yours,  G. O. BUCHANAN.  WILLIAM PERDUE  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will contract; to supply mining companies and steam  boats with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine  or landing in  the Kootenay Lake country.  NELSON Office and. Market, 11 East Baker St.  KASLO MARKET, Fourth Street.  ILSON  & BURNS  (Successors to Burns, Mclnnes & Co.)  Wholesale and retail dealers in stock and dressed  meats. Are prepared to furnish in any quantity  beef, pork, mutton, veal, bacon, and ham, at tho  lowest possible prices.  Nelson, Kaslo, and Three Forks  ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.  ay mu u  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  A full stock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, etc. Three carloads dry,  clear fir flooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.   NELSON STEAM  SASH AND DOOR FACTORY  SASH, DOORS, AND WINDOW FRAMES  MADE TO OUDI5U.  Tlie partnership heretofore existing between  Graham and ���). A. Taylor, doing business under  Estimates Given on Building Supplies,  TURNING, SURFACING, AND MATCHING.  Orders from any town in tho ICootcnay Lake country  promptly attended to.   General jobbing of all kinds.  RICHARD STUCKEY, Proprietor.  John M. Kkekkh. Jamks W. Skalk.  KEEFER & SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  Job teaming done.   Have several hundred cords of good  wood, which will bo sold at reasonable prices.  LKAVK   OUDKHS   AT  J, F. Hunie &  Co.'h,  Vernon Street, Nelaon,  FOR   SALE   OR   LEASE.  POR SAI/K OR I-KA.SK -Good hotel, in one of tho best  parts of Nelson. Size, .'i7 by 70 feet; two stories; 21  bed-rooms. Kunilshed throughout., Ready for immediate occupation, A llrst-eliiH.*) chance for the right person.  Apply to Duncan McDonald, ICaslo, 11. C; or to U, IIam��  bur, West Haker street, Nelson, B, 0,  (Wvfe  tag.  'iMf.jrX'*'!  .,1       ft l_F   _  ill   \ hA,i|  ���W_�� '$  ��� r ������  .    ���  /j.--   ���  b__a  ,'f i>"  _'������ r1'  I  W3_1W  ~-"T  VI-1.  ���-.'-���jr.'c*  '.'������V  ,  i ...  _  ii   .'-I -,  .���-. i  ">��� (i"V*ii^JVfAW|i"-^'','M-?i1-"J-" t    ....^^���V-J,HTwl~*lFyv,JU.��,'-^tP,vl'".Tl?,r*.l''-it. 'r-''-*''?I'V "i'UM-'U."- J*'. ll.U' il'lJlH ���  '-I- 'J.'-'L'-'U.'.t'       . ,    -��� THE TEIBOTE:   NELSON,' B.C., SATURDAY, JUNE 30,  1894.  3  New Denver, situated as it is at the mouth of .Carpenter Creek, on the east side of Sloean Lake, is within easy reach  of every mine in the great Sloean Mining* Division of West Kootenay District, and, notwithstanding* all reports to the  contrary, is the only town so situated. It is one of the few townsites in West Kootenay whose owners can give absolute title to lots. Business men, mining- men, miners, and prospectors, desiring* either sites for stores, offices, or  residences, will be liberally dealt with.    Prices range from $25 for residence lots to $500 for business lots.   Apply to  enver  Capital,  -Best,-;-..  all paid  up,    -  $12,000,000  6,000,000  ' Sir DAWALD A. SMITH.........  .Hon; GEO. A. DllUMMOxYD,....  E. S. CLOUSTON.    ...President  ....Vice-President  .General Manager  :_*TELSO_*~ bra-N'ch:  [ N. W. Cop. Baker and Stanley Streets.  ���-    BRANCHES IN      [LONDON  (England),   NEW YORK,   CHICAGO,  and in tho principal cities in Canada.  JBuy and sell Sterling Exchange and Cablo Transfers.  GRANT COMMERCIAL AND TRAVELLERS' CREDITS,  available in any part of the .world.  DRAFTS ISSUED; COLLECTIONS MADE; ETC.  (SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  ItATK OK INTEREST (at present) 31 Per Cent.  THE   WORK   OF   FIFTY  YEARS.  Che Splendid   Monument Erected to the Discovery of Telegraphy.  One day last April a telegram was put  into the hands.of .the.courteous chief en-  $gineer of the British postal service, W.  [. Preece, with the request that he would  .ay-whether, it could be sent around the  kvorld by a certain given route, and, if so,  hvhat time it would take, aud what it  [would cost per word.  Tlie route planned -was rather erratic.  ft asked that the message be sent by a  circuit that would take in the entire telegraphic field of the world, touching at  phe most remote points, but never leaving  the land line or the cable; that is. never  being transferred  by post or messenger  I'i'om one point to another.   Starting at  ���Sau Francisco, the route ran across the  [joutineut to New York by Vancouver and  Montreal.   From New York it followed  the world's northern telegraphic boundaries through England, Norway, Sweden,  Russia,  and   Siberia.    Going   south,   it  pouched at Nagasaki in Japan, Hong Kong  In China, Singapore, Java, and Sumatra,  frossed Australia,   aud  landed  in  New  Zealand.     Returning   to   Singapore,   it  bossed to  Bombay, made a detour  to  Ceylon, then ou to Aden, rounded the  |3ape of Good Hope, leaving the line at  iaimbar to call at Seychelles and Mauritius, mounted the west African coast to  lit. Louis in Senegal, crossed the south  iitlantie to Fernambuco, traversed South  flmerica from Buenos Ayres to Valparaiso  ���,ud then went north through Mexico to  *\ew York.  In a few days, true to his promise, Mr.  'reece had the answer ready.   The telegram  could  be  sent.   It would require  tbout 5(5 hours, and would cost about $18  hov word.  Now, if the reader will recall that all  lhis has been done in 50 years���it is just  |0 years the 24th of May since Samuel  jJorse sent his first solemn message,  What hath God wrought"���he will have  graphic notion of the splendid monument which the industrial world has  greeted to Morse's memory.  .part of the monument was, to be sure,  .���ted before Morse's death iu 1872, but  |mly a part. No such sweeping circuit  Ivoitlcl have been possible then as that  Iraccd above. The message could not  iiavo gone to New Zealand; the cable did  not go there until 1874. It could not have  i-otinded Africa, the first cable on the east  toast being laid in 1879, the first on the  Jlvest in 188i>. It could not have crossed  ^Sp'rom Saint Louis to Fernambuco, this  *&** :able going down only two years ago, in  {j��j*jt 892. It could not have gone down and  jjtss ip the coasts of South America, there  PSji jeing no cables on either coast before 187!j.  g��$jSTone of the detours mentioned here was  -_$&��� jossible in Morse's lifetime.  "2_��r No one can complain, surely, that tho  $|3. -onto chosen fortius imaginary telegram  s% Iocs not represent fairly the progress  *?J& uade in i50 years by the electric telegraph.  'V-"1 t i.s quite as large as there is any reason  >/_,*or its being, and the fact that it leaves  .IT." >ut Patagonia and Alaska, Greenland and  ����# jabrador is no criticism on it. But no  ��*,': loubt more than ono person will protest  V.'';:":igainst tho time taken. The popular  ��� '-������lotion is that electricity carries a message  ��_._ o quickly that even a tour such as we  *���' "f. uive outlined here ought to be made in a  " ."--j oupleof hours. If a man can go around  \-"\ he world in eighty days surely electricity  '." '- night to go around the continents in less  V1;--/han 24 hours! ���  "/* Asa matter of fact, more time is ro-  :������,'-! Iuired for messages than the popular im-  r. ���"���''��� .urination  pictures.   To send a mossagt  ���-* 5  message  from New York to London and get an  answer in two'.hours is considered '���quick  work. The Western Union office in London estimates the time necessary to send  a message from New York to the Island of  Lenmos, .under, ordinary circumstances,  as two hours. The same time is estimated  by this office'for-a message from New  York to'Fernando Noronha in the South  Atlantic. Mr. Preece mentions as an example of very quick work sending a telegram from London to the Cape of Good  Hope and receiving an answer in 24  hours.  In the British 'postofiice a delay of two  days in delivering a European message  and one of six for an extra-European is  not thought astonishing, and the cost will  not be refunded if the delay is less.  He who is surprised ab this forgets the  manipulation which the telegram goes  through. Thus, in the case of a telegram  from New York to London and back there  is a change at Canso, Nova Scotia, from  the New York to the Atlantic cable. At  Penzance there is a change to land wire  for London. At London there are the delivery, the answer, and the forwarding,  and then a repetition of the changes. If  there were no overcrowding of wires, no  delays from inattention, no changes,' no  'messages having "right-of-way," the result would be quite satisfactory to the  popular demand for "lightning speed."  An incident famous in the telegraphic  world shows what can be done iu the way  of transmission when the wires are free  and the operators waiting. Some years  ago at a telegraphic soiree in Albert hall,  London, a feature of the evening's amusement was the sending of a message to  Teheran, in Persia, and back. A sending  aud a receiving instrument had been put  up in the hall, and connected with the  wires of the -Indo-European Telegraph  Company. This line crossed the channel  by cable to Germany! and then by land  linos ran over Germany, south Russia,  Caucasus, Armenia, and Persia to Teheran.  At Teheran the wire was joined to a second line of the company, returning to  Loudon by the same route.  The lines were cleared for the experiment, and at a given signal the key of the  sender was pressed by the prince of Wales.  The instant that the button of tho instrument was touched, click went the receiver.  The current had been to Persia aud back.  No such speed can be expected in the  case of ordinary long-distance messages,  simply because of the friction and the interruptions of carrying on business. It is  only in the case of specially important  news that everything is arranged in advance to secure practically instantaneous  results.  Even iu the case of our imaginary telegram, the London officials say that if one  should actually attempt to send such a  message it would be desirable that the  different companies on whose lines it  passed have notice several days in advance  in order to make arrangements for the  transmission; and this to secure the rate  of speed quoted.  But these delays are all from manipulation and overcrowding. There are none  from examination of contents, from estimating duties at frontiers, from verifying  the right to traverse the different countries���that is, the common hindrances to  international transit do not exist in the  case of telegrams.  Telegraphy was, indeed, the first interest to bring the government of the world  together to form a union, the first matter  on which they sought a mutual understanding and formed a code of regulations  which each of them signed and which all  of them have kept.  This International Telegraphic Union,  as it is called, was founded in Paris in  Paris in 1805. At that date telegraphy  had no such extent as it has now. The  possibility of an Atlantic cable, sure and  efficient, was still iu debate. Nono of the  great overland routes had been as yet  completed. The telegraphs of each  country were isolated, doing very well  for interna! traffic, but very badly for external. A message which in those days  was sent across several boundaries was  subject to an indefinite number of annoyances aud delays, and its cost was exorbitantly high.  The inconvenience and folly of this were  so evident that in 1805 France called a  convention of European states with the  object of putting an end to the irregularities. Twenty states replied, and at that  gathering they_ succeeded in forming a  convention which, with some changes���  though none for nearly; eighteen years  now���and with a provision for changing  regulations made necessary by new inventions, by extension of service, etc., remains in effect.  In 1805 there were but twenty nations  represented. In 1890, at the last congress,  there wero over a hundred delegates present. At present thirty-eight different  nations and thirteen privato companies  arc subscribers to tho constitution,  Thirteen other private companies follow  the rules of the union, although not regular members, and several others are indirectly united to it,  At the successive conferences held every  five yeai's, all changes in aud additions to  tho original convention found necessary  are made and moans discussed for lesson  ing friction of all sorts of communications,  for completing and perfecting the international circuit, and for promoting harmonious relations. In order to have a  headquarters, to which and from which  all matters concerning . the Telegraphic  Union could be sent; the congress established the'Bureau International des Administrations Telegraphiques. Berne,  Switzerland; was selected as the home of  the bureau for the evident reason that,  Switzerland being a small and neutral  country, there would be little danger of  its exercising too strong a political influence on the organization.  To Berne are sent all modifications of  tariff, all interruptions of routes, all extensions and changes on each line in the  union. From here this news is sent to all  the lines which it affects. If'it is a matter  of immediate importance, it goes by wire  and is confirmed by mail; if one less  urgent, by circular.  In this bureau statistics are collected  concerning the telegraphs of the entire  world, the length of their lines, the number of their offices, the extent of staff,  the rates, the receipts, and the expenses,  and published from time to time. Tele-  egraph maps of special countries and of  the world are issued from here. In short,  the Bureau International is the center  where all that is known of the various  telegraph systems of the world is collected, and from which ail news and instructions .which concern international  lines go out. : *...'���'���'. ���  The Union provides for secret language  of two kinds, code and cipher. Code, or  prearranged language, is composed of  words, the context of-which has no meaning, but each word of which stands for a  phrase or a sentence. Any two persons  may arrange a code for private use.  Large numbers have been published, some  adapted especially to a particular business, others to the affairs of daily life.  One of. the most important undertakings  of the telegraphic bureau of Berne is the  arrangement of au official code. This  was decided on at a conference in 1890,  and the staff has been at it ever since. It  will appear in October of this year. This  code will contain some two hundred thousand words taken from the German, English, Spanish, French, Dutch, Italian,  Portuguese, and Latin languages. It is  to become obligatory in Europe in three  years after its appearance, but will remain elective for all states of the Union  out of Europe.  As each word in the address of au international telegram is charged for, it is  customary to register, an abbreviated address if one has much business. Thus  Aiddecamp, Newyork, is au abbreviated  address for S. S. McClure, 30 Lafayette  place, New York city. In many countries  the registering of such an address is taxed.  Iu Great Britain, for example, there is a  charge of $5.25. In the United States  there is no charge. The cipher telegrams  are those made up of groups of figures,  having a secret meaning agreed upon  between two parties. Telegrams in secret  language are not accepted for all points,  in spite of the Union. Thus, they will not  be taken for Bulgaria, Iloumania, Servia,  Tripoli, Turkey, and a few other points.  Many other decided advantages have  come from the International Union; insuring delivery, prepaying answers, registering messages, insuring that the message  will folloAV the person to whom it is sent  in case he has moved, refunding money  if the telegram is too long delayed  or is bungled in sending, aud allowing multiple addresses for one message. Not that all these conveniences  are perfect iu all councries. Thus, in the  matter of refunding money for telegrams  which plainly have failed to give the  idea desired, because of errors in sending,  or which have been seriously delayed,  there is still considerable variance. Bulgaria, Spain, Greece, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Kussia, Turkey, and a number of  South American countries refuse to refund. In Servia, if it can be proved that  the fault is that of a Servian agent, the  money is returned. _ The Western Union  refunds if the fault is iu its service, but  it is responsible for no loss to the sender  on account of delay or mistake. This  company also asks that all important messages be repeated, for which one-quarter  of the first price i.s charged. The regulations are about the same in Great Britain.  These international messages are paid  for at the office from which they are sent.  The settlement of companies is made  simply enough. It is arranged that once  a month there is an adjustment. If the  Western Union has forwarded a message  from Now York to .Japan by the Indo-  European Company, for example (this  route is more expensive by 00 cents than  the Great Northern Conipany), it receives  $2.91. per word for the message. Twenty-  five cents per word is taken out for its  care of the telegram to London, and $2.00  are handed over to the Indo-I.uropean  Company. As the Eastern Extension,  Company will take the message from  India to Hong Kong, it receives what is  left after the< Indo-European and Indian  government lines have had their shares.  At Hong Kong the amount loft should be  the charge per word between that port  and Japan. The money with which  different countries aud companies rogu-  latetheir affairs differs/though tho aim  is to do all international transactions in  francs.   Austria, Bulgaria, Spain, France,  Greece, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Ron-  mania, Russia, Servia, Switzerland,  Turkey, and a few others use the franc  exclusively. Brazil pays the Brazilian  Submarine Company in national money.  Cochin China uses the franc with Siam,  Tonquin and Annam, and the piastre with  the Eastern Extension Company. Egypt  employs English money with the Eastern  Extension Company.      '  The payment for telegrams was formerly made in many countries by telegraphic stamps, similar to postage stamps.  They are still. used in Belgium, Holland;  and British India.% The first country  which adopted this .'custom was Spain;  Germany, Bavaria, France, Great Britain,  Italy, Switzerland, Wurte'mburg, and  others followed; but "the system is falling  into'clisuse and is really about to.'disappear. In certain :��� countries''������ telegrams are  stamped with postage stamps. This is  the practice in Great Britain, Italy, and  Hungary.  The carriers of the international and  national messages of the world include  001,142,. miles of land lines and 153,049  nautical miles of cable. Where the land  lines run all the world knows. They pass  by our doors, cris-cross the sky as we look  'up in crowded streets, follow the railway  tracks, climb over our hills, run into our  country towns, Iiy into the wildest aud  most remote forests, and turn up in the  most unexpected places���13 miles in St.  Helena, 271 on the Gold coast, a line across  Zululand, mounting'another 12,545 feet  above sea level to Lake Tibicaca, many  miles iii Madagascar. Even the savages  of Africa, the camel drivers of Persia, the  rabbits of Central Australia, the unclad  Malays, know the telegraph pole aud line.  The cable is less familiar, but its circuits  are no less daring. Ten of them cross the  Atlantic from Europe to North America,  three swing from Land's End to Lisbon,  Three  from Spain to Brazil,  two from  Gibraltar to Alexandria, four down the  Red Sea from Suez to Aden, three across  the Indian Ocean from Aden to Bombay,  two from Madras across the Bay of Bengal to Peuang, and thence on by the  Straits of Malacca to Sumatra, Java, Australia, and New Zealand.  Every small body is crossed by one or  more. The coasts of the continents are  festooned by them. Even the cable map  of the China Sea, Formosa Strait, and the  Yellow Sea compares favorably with that  of the Gulf of Mexico. From Halifax  there is a liue to the Bermudas, from Lisbon to the Azores, from Hong Kong to  the Phillippines, from Zanzibar to Seychelles and Mauritius.  This network of telegraphs is owned,  when on land, usually by governments,  when under sea, by private parties. The  United States own no telegraphs, so fat-  as the public are concerned. Their system  is in the hands of the Western Union Telegraph Company and the Postal Telegraph  Company. The former, in 1893, owned  189,930 miles of poles and cables aud sent  00,591,588 messages; the latter has 15,997  miles of line and sent in 1893 9,335,191 messages. The Postal telegraph was established to co-operate with tlie Commercial  Cable Company, but it has proved itself a  wide-awake rival of its big predecessor.  The lines in Great Britain were transferred to the State in 1870, and since their  growth has been rapid. In 1893 there  were iu the kingdom 209,010 miles of line,  of which 22,771 were private. Over these  in the year ending March 31, 1893, 99,907,-  84S telegrams were transmitted. England  pays an annual interest of ,��298,88-8 on the  money invested in her telegraphs. As  her net revenue has usually been less  than this, she has an annual deficit. Last  year (1893), there was ��100,082 lacking to  balance the expenses.  Iu the British colonies the telegraphs  are as a rule under government control.  In 1892 the governnientof India controlled  38,025 miles of line, handled 3,308,998  messages, and had a net revenue of ,��80,-  015. At the Capo the telegraphs were  built at state expense. In New South  Wales ,��801,301 have been borrowed for  constructing the 20,443 miles of wire  operated by the state, the net return of  which was last year 3.02 per cent the cost  of construction. In Sew Zealand the  telegraph is entirely in the hands of the  state, as it is in Queensland. In the latter  case there was a deficit of ��30,039 in IS92.  Canada is an exception to most of the  British colonies, tho telegraph lines being  mostly private, 2099 miles out of 31,811 belonging to the state.  On the continent the government control of telegraphs is about complete;  Austro-Iluiigary, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Sweden  and Norway, and Switzerland owning the  lines, excepting those belonging to the  railroads, Denmark possesses 2810 out of  3091 miles. Niiictecn-twontieths of the  Russian system is the state'.*:.  Government control prevails in Japan,  Persia owns some3100 miles of single-wire  lines. There are also in Persia 075 miles  belonging to the Indo-l<]uropoan Telegraph  Conipany, and 115 miles on the llnsso-  Porsian frontier belonging to the same  company.  Brazil controls her lines; Argentine Re  public and Chili perhaps half of theirs.  With a few exceptions, the state telegraphs do not pay, expenses.   The principal deficit is in tlie internal service, tho  international   service helping rather   to  balance the budget.    But the/rates are  much lower on the state lines than on  private lines, as a rule.    In the United  States the minimum for a- telegram is 20  cents, with one cent additional for each  w-ord.    In Germany the minimum is 12  cents, with an extra word rate of U-cents;  in.Belgium the rate is 10 cents for first  fifteen words; Spain, 20 cents for fifteen  words; France, 10 cents'for from one to  10 words; Greece, 10 cents for short despatches, of which two are text, 20 cents  for from  seven to fifteen words; Great  Britain, 12 cents for first twelve words,  and a cent for each additional word.   But  in all these countries the distances are  much shorter than on this continent.  EXPLORING   THE   HIMALAYAS.  The Recent Expedition  of Professor Conway  of.the Alpine.Club.  William Martin Conway, vice-president  of the Alpine club, and at one time a professor of art in the University college of  Liverpool, has recently made a daring and  successful exploration of tlie Karakoram  Himalayas. The Alpine club combines  in its members representatives of the  sciences and the arts, and enthusiastic  mountain climbers .who enjoy climbing  for the sake of climbing. Mr. Conway's  explorations were in a region where nature is seen in her grandest and most awful shapes, where man presents the most  curious studies in archiac types, and  where strange religions meet; iu a region,  moreover, that is all but unknown.  Mr. Conway started out well equipped  for the work he had in hand. He had associates skilled in mountain climbing and  in classifying the forms of animal life that  he might find. The Indian government  gave him every facility for his explorations. Mr. Conway took with him an  artist, two professional shikaris, four  Goorka soldiers, the Hon. C. G. Bruce of  the Fifth Goorkas, Zurbriggen, an experienced Swiss guide, and a lot of coolies  as carriers. Mr. Conway met his first  difficulty in crossing the Burzil Pass, on  the new road from Srinagar to Gilgit.  The pass itself was not actually formidable, but it was buried dee]) iu soft snow  and inexpressibly dismal. The coolies  succumbed under their loads, and declared  that they might as well die where they  stumbled. From end to end of the long  line of coolies there arose the cry of  "Allah! Allah!" Though the travellers  were sinking over their knees iu snow the  sun was scorching in its intensity. What  they experienced then they had often to  suffer afterward. The heat was intolerable. Mr. Conway says that it was not  like ordinary severe heat. It was scorching and furious. All of the white members of his party were sunburned, not a  few had threatenings of sunstroke, and  at the same time there wero many cases  of snow-' blindness. Half roasted with the  reflection from the bare rocks before  reaching Gilgit, they were tantalized by  almost intolerable thirst. Gilgit, or Gilg-  hit, it may be stated, is a province of  western Tibet in part conquered by Cashmere, of which domain it forms the northwestern angle. It i.s one of the wildest  mountain ranges in the world.  There was not a drop of water in the explorers' bottles, and they could hear the  river gurgling below in an inaccessible  ravine. Before arriving at their destination this river had to lie crossed by bark  rope bridges that made even the Alpine  climbers dizzy. From Gilgit a long surveying excursion was made.  Proceeding northward from Gilgit, with  many adventures, .Mr, Conway explored  the valleys of the lluiizasand S'agyrs. lie  found the recently subdued tribesmen extremely hospitable and friendly, lie says  that the Ilunzas became robbers because  they were exceptionally industrious and  respectable. Their commune was well  ordered and its soil irrigated and cultivated. But the cultivable land was limited, and when the population exceeded  the productive power it took to raiding  upon its neighbors and on tlie trade routes  to central Asia.  Mr. Conway wanted to cross the llispar  but he could obtain no information about  it from the natives. The expedition  reached the Great hiss by easy stages,  delayed by the weather and the "necessity  of encamping on spots where all the fuel  had to lie fetched from a distance. The  ascent was rather toilsome than perilous,  When it was made, .Mi'. Conway says:  "The view ahead absorbed all our attention, for our fate lay in its grasp. It  was beyond all comparison the finest view  of mountains it has ever been my lot to  behold, nor do I believe llie world can  hold a finer. * * * Before us lay a  basin or lake of snow, * * * Fvtnn the  midstrose a series of mountain islands,  and there were endless bays and straits,  as of white water, nestling among them.  It was the vast blank plain that gave so  extraordinary n character to the scene,  and the contrast between this ami thq  splintered needles that jutted their ten  thousand leot of'precipice'into the airand  almost touched the flat roof of threatening  clouds that spread above them."  At a height of 19,400 feet above the sea  Mr. Conway munched his biscuit; and  smoked his pipe with few perceptible  sensations of discomfort. Indeed, throughout the expedition he says that he was  usually but little affected at the greatest  elevations. Ke made it a rule to give his  lungs free play, unrestricted by strap or  rope, and found relief from oppression in  drawing shorter breaths. He says that  lie tried with good results the effects of  semi-abstinence; nor did. lie feel over  hungry or exhausted at the time. "'  Mr. Conway obtained the grandest view  in looking back down the Baltoro glacier  from the lofty eastern ridge.  In describing itjj he says: "Right and  left, Jachin "and Boaz to this temple of  nature, two spires of dark rock reared  themselves aloft, with a glacier flowing  out between them from a low pass. Over  this pass there came ridge behind ridge,  peak behiud peak, higher and higher, tier  above tier, with ribs of rock and crests of  snow and deep-lying valleys of ice-bound  splendor, till the eye, bewildered by so  much magnificance, ceased attempting to  unravel the mountain maze, and was content to rest upon the'whole as one impression, single and complete."''";;.-.'.  Mr. Conway's explorations are regarded  by mountain climbers in England as the  most remarkable that have been made in  that liue of investigation in recent years.  Situate on Vernon  Street. Near Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  Its Guests can Obtain  Splendid Views  of Both the  Mountains and River.,  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  THE ROOMS  AHE CONVENIENT AND  COMFORTABLE.  THE TABLE  IS  THE   BEST   IN  MOUNTAINS.  THE  Special Attention to Miners.  THE BAR IS FIRST-CLASS.  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  THE TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE BAR  ISSl.'ITUKI) WITH TIIK BEST BRANDS OF AU;  KINDS OF WINES, J.IOUOIlri, ..\NO CIUAKS.  Special Attention to Miners.  HOTEL  KxlMi-ive liii|ir')vi!iiii-iii.s now complcltMl nmkts  tin; ul-uvi! liolul mil: of llw.' IhsI in lin.- city liul.li  for tritiisi-iil giiusts unci iluy t-ounkTs.  FINEST WINES, LIQUORS, AND CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  IN  JOHN JOHNSON, Proprietor.  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  I* out! of t.lii!li(-Ht lioloU Iii Tmiil .Mountain di.-trlct, nnd  Ih tin) huiKli|iii-rti!i*4 for pi-o'i'CL'lurs nnil  WOI'klllK   llllllLTH.  MALONE   &   TREGILLUS,   Props.  Wi  r.. THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, JUNE  30,  1894.  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  The mechanics ot Nelson are public-  spirited, and as .proof of it they have built a band-stand  at the corner of .Baker and Josephine streets-. Tho stand  is an octagon, the sides of which are six feet long. The  lloor is eight feet above the ground, and the distance  from thef iloor to the peak of the cone-shaped roof is  thirteen feet. The work is all well demo, and the boys  ���who did it will get their reward���in heaven.  A. J. Marks and Dr. Arthur returned on  Tuosday from Bear creek, where the latter went to hold  an inquest on the bodies of Brown and Dolan. They report the trip a hard one from Sproulc'sto the point where  the bodies were found/ The bodies.wero in sueh a condition that carrying them to tho wagon roud wits out of  the question, and they were buried near where they were  found. ���   . '���,:  Gold Commissioner'Goepel left Nelson  this morning on a tour of the riding in order lo  scotire suitable buildings in which to house the deputy  returning ollicers on election day. Before leaving ho decided to make Frederic-ton, Watson, and Silverton polling places, and appointed the following named as deputy  returning ollicers: A. H, Sherwood, Krederictou; \v. Al.  Newton, Waneta; T. .1. Lendrum, Ainsworth; .1. (J.  Rykert, Jr., Kykert's; S. Keeling, Duncan City; 0. U.  , Dennis, Kaslo; F. .XV. Valleau, Sproule's; T. Norquay,  "Watson;-J. 0. Boyd, Three Forks; A. Sproat, New Denver; and Ij. N. Arinit, Silverton. O*. il. I'aslidall will be  election clerk at Nelson, Air. Goepel being tho returning  ollieer.  At 1 o'clock on Thursday W./J. Goepel  -' as returning ollieer, read the election proclamation on the  steps of the court-house. His auditors were, II, Selous,  C. St. Barbe, John Alilcs, special constable 'Waterman, 0.  Jisckowicz, and J. A. Turner. Two candidates had filed  nomination papers, therefore an election was ordered to  bo held on Tuesday, July 17th. George Owen Buchanan's  nomination paper was signed by It. E. Lemon as proposer  and Dr, IS. G. Arthur as seconder. The assentcrs to the  nomination were H. Duhainel, T. A. Alills, and A. 0.  Muir. John Fred Hume's paper was signed by John  Houston as proposer, J. A. Gilker as -seconder, and assented to by G. A. Bigelow, W. I<\ Teetzel and Thomas  Aladden.  John L. Retallack has iitted up a'build-  ing on upper Eront street, Kaslo, for an oilice, and expects to move into it next week. Several of tlie mining  companies making headquarters at Kaslo will have desk  room in the same building.  Green Brothers of Kaslo expect to move  into their new store, corner of A avenue and Third  street, the first week in July.  John Keen is erecting a new office building at Kaslo on the site of the one that was wrecked by  the storm and flood.  The following is clipped from the Toronto Mail of Juno 18th: "News wanted of William  .Lewis, who left Leckwith, near Car-did', some eight to  nine years ago; the last letter from him to his sister  Annie was sent from Nelson, British Columbia, dated  December 21st, IS91. He was then about leaving for a  mining district about one hundred miles distant. Will  any kind friend knowing his whereabouts kindly communicate with his father, William Lewis, care of editor  _N_u.il, Toronto, Ontario."  It was expected that there would be a  contest today over the election of school director; biit  there wasn't. Georgo it. Robson was returned by acclamation. ,.   ' t  Dr. W. A. Hendryx leaves for Los Angeles, California, on Monday, going by way of Bonner's  Ferry.. He will probably not return to Kootenay until  -September. It is expected that parties interested in the  Pilot Bay smelter will be at Nelson this week, when  something definite will be known as to the future intentions of the smelter company.  Mr. Hume will address the electors of  the south riding at the following places, the dates to be  announced next week, namely, Kaslo, Watson, Three  .Forks, New Denver, Silverton, Ainsworth, Pilot Bay,  Balfour, Itykcrt's, Fredorieton, Waneta, and Nelson.  There is no truth in the report that the  company of which Air.. Alexander is manager intended  to abandon the work of reclaiming the land on Kootenay  river. Air. Alexander returned to Nelson from the scene  of operations on Friday, and reports little damage done  to the dykes.   ;  President Corbin says  through trains  will be running between Spokane and Nelson by the  middle of July, as the Spokane & Northern is not in as  bad shape as was supposed.  Eugene Callnin, a miner well known in  Nelson, died at the hospital on Tuesday morning from  pneumonia.  W. A. Baillie-Grohman writes The.Tri-  hunk from Brixlegg, Austria, for a full account of the  recent Hood.  The Canadian Pacific is now handling  freight both ways from Kevelstoke. For the. present  Kootenay lake freight is transferred to the Nelson & Fort  Sheppard at Waneta.  The telegraph line between Nelson and  Kaslo is still under water, but it is working between  Kaslo and Nakusp. From Nakusp to llevelstoko nothing  is known of its condition.  Frank Fletcher,  land commissioner of  the Columhia& Kootenay Railway Company, has issued  a map showing everything on earth between Pinchcr  creek and Calgary on the east, the international boundary line on the south, Okanagan aud Shuswap lakes on  the west, and the iifty-sccond parallel on the north. It  is the best map yet issued of the trrritory embraced, and  the selling price is so low that the average man can  afford, to buy one. "  The Miner is somewhat nettled because  Air. Hume ignores its advice. The Miner had better look  after that bright, silver tongued orator, G. 0. Buchanan,  who had not the good sense to stay at homo and attend  to the formalities required of candidates.  Tlie  Hall   Mines,    Limited,   calls  for  tenders for hauling fifty tons of machinery from Nelson  to the Silver King mine and 100 tons of ore from the  mine to Nelson: also for the erection of buildings at the  mine.  Word comes from Spokane that all the  men on the Northern Pacific, Southern Pacific, and  Santa Fe railways are out on strike. Presumably over  the refusal of these roads to recognize tho boycot declared  against the Pullman cars by tho members of tlie American Railway Union.  William Franklin Teetzel is John Fred  Hume's ollicial agent; Charles Kdward Secley acts in  the same capacity for George Owen Buchanan.  One hundred and forty-five men are employed in making repairs on the Columbia & Kootenny  railway. They are working under engineer Stewart.  Train-master Hamilton, who is at Robson, expects to got  a train through to the Kootenay river bridge by Tuesday.  The Great Northern railway has notified  the C. & K. S. N. Co. that its road is again doing business,  and the steamboat company announces that the steamer  Nelson will leave Nelson for Bonner's Ferry on Monday  at II A. At.  The steamer Spokane will be run up to  Kaslo and used for a wharf boat. She will probably  leave Nelson on Monday.  .). C. Rykert, Jr., was in Nelson on Pri-  dav. He says that his house and that of Air. Hall's were  the only ones that were nit rcmhed by t^u high water  in Kootenay river. Nearly every acre of cultivated land  in the valley was ovcrllowcd, and the loss will be sorely  fell, by many of the ranchmen. Mr. Rykert was in Ontario last month and he predicts that the Alowat government was defeated at the election on Tuesday last.  Rev. James Turner, who for three years  did inis-iionary work in West Koolenay In the interest of  the Methodist church, left Nelson this morning for Victoria, whore he will have charge of a church. No priest  or parson who has lived anil worked in the district was  more respected by all classes, Air. Turner is succeeded  by Rev. George II. Alorden, who was for three years  pastor of the church to which Mr. Turner has gone. Air.  Alorden arrived at Nelson on Wednesday, and will  take formal possession of the pastorate on Sunday, when  he conducts two services, both in the public school building. The morning text will he, "I have a message from  God unto thee;" and the evening text, "Go unto Nineveh  and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee."  Fresh fruit and vegetables arrive twice a week at C  KauH'man'H.  Leave your orders for strawberries and cherries at (J.  KauH'inaH's.  Miss jiiiiilgn.-ii, modiste from Kaslo, late from the  Sle/llns establishment, Hpokrine, will vl.-lt Nelson on July  Kith. Ladies wishing a stylish nnd perfect-lit ting dress  should not fail to see her, al, the Phiiir hotel. Satisfaction  guaranteed iu every respect. Sole agent for the celebrated "Star" corset.  Donald MorrlHon Dead.  Donald Morrison, who i'or years was  known throtiglioi.it Canada as the "outlaw  of Megantic," died at the Sew Victoria  hospital in .Montreal on the IDtli instant,  .six hours after having been reprieved,  lie has been serving an IH-year sentence in  St. Vincent de Paul penitentiary for the  killing of an American named Warren,  who had .been appointed by the Canadian  government to arrest him for alleged  arson, Canad/.'tn oflicers being afraid to  uudoi'ttiko it.    Jiovn ou  the borders of  Maine, Morrison migratedrto New Mexico  and became a cowboy. There he acquired  wonderful accuracy with the~pistol which  afterwards made him such a terror to his  pursuers. He was about 30 years of age  when he returned to his native village,  with about $1000 in his pocket, bent on redeeming his father's farm, which was held  on mortgage by land speculators. He had  spent the greater part of his money thus  when the speculators managed to obtain  another mortgage, which virtually made  his sacrifice of no avail. He took the matter into the courts, and unscrupulous lawyers got possession of the remainder'^ of  his money without- giving any relief.  Soon afterwards the buildings on the  farm, then occupied by another, were  burned and Morrison /was accused of  arson. Local officers were afraid to arrest  ���him and Lucius F. Warren, who had a  bad record, was appointed to arrest him.  Warren said he would shoot Morrison on  sight, and when they met it was a question of who should shoot lirst. Morrison  got the drop and killed his man. For  nearly two years Morrison eluded capture, 'though,at one time a posse of 100  police officers, soldiers and detectives was  on his trail.' On Easter night, 1889, he  was shot and captured near Megantic.  Scores of inhabitants of this district, who  were all Scotch, had previously been put  in jail for assisting him to food and shelter  and at one time an insurrection was imminent. He was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 18 years.  There was much indignation at this sentence, and efforts had been made at intervals ever since to get him pardoned.  He contracted consumption in prison,  aud, being near death, was released in  the morning, and expired in the afternoon  fervently thanking God that he was permitted to die a free man.  Was He Murdered by Indians?  Fire Valley, June 21st.  ,,To the Editor of The:Tribune: I  send a few particulars of what looks like  a cold-blooded murder. William Johnson, a prospector and trapper, well known  on the Lower Arrow lake, left here last  fall for the Watshan, a small lake lying  to the west of the narrows between Upper  and Lower Arrow lakes, with the intention of putting in the winter trapping.  Nothing was heard of him until today,  when A. Anderson, who had been there  'on a prospecting trip with John Lodge  and C. Woolley, returned, bringing particulars of the finding of the body. Johnson had built a small shack about ten  miles Up the lake. His body was found  in the shack, lying on a bunk, wrapped in  blankets, as if asleep. On examination,  the blankets, more particularly around  the head and shoulders, were found to be  saturated with blood as if he had been  shot while sleeping. There was a  nice bunch of furs in the shack,  and his rifle was lying in such a position  that, he could uot have used it himself.  One or tAVO other men have mysteriously  disappeared from around here. J. Mc-  Darmot came to Fire Valley about four  years ago���the lirst settler���and has never  been heard of since, although a large  stock of grub,' tools, etc., were found.  After the shooting affair the other day,  when S. Hill killed an Indian in self-defence, the people of this valley are inclined to think it is the work of Indians,  as tlie Watshan is one of their old hunting  grounds. It should be looked into by the  authorities; and, anyway, it is about  time the American Indians were kept on  their own reserve. J. B. Old.  Looking for Gold Properties.  Nova Scotians are not looking for anything in the way of silver mines, but they  are not averse to taking a look at anything that shows up like a gold mine. D.  W. McVicor of Walton, Nova Scotia, accompanied by Leander Shaw of Hants-  port of the same province were in Nelson  this week on their way home. They  are reported as purchasing three  claims iu Ainsworth district, the ore of  all three carrying gold. While at Nelson  Mr. McVicor took a look at Neelands's  claim on the south side of Giveout creek,  lie liked its appearance, but the price  asked was too steep. He said he intended  returning to Ainsworth at once, and  would probably bring his family back  with him.        Has Several Curiosities.  During the high water several of the  boys crossed over from Nelson and painted  their names on the rocky bluff opposite  the town. The Miner hopes that the lettering will be speedily obliterated so that  it will not remain as an evidence of the  vulgar vanity of the people of Nelson. It  i.s also sorry that some of the letters actually cross the Indian figures painted on  the same rocks, which The Miner says  are the only curiosities Nelson possesses.  The Miner is wrong. Nelson has several  curiosities, and not tt few of them occasionally write paragraphs for Tho Miner.  Booming a Town.  The Northport News says thero are  about ti dozen houses already built and  several under course of construction in  the new town of Thompson in Trail Creek  district. Three general merchandise  stores, a newspaper, bakery, hotel,  saloon, butcher shop, and assay office  will be open for business as soon as  .supplies can be secured, which are  now beginning to conic in, the steamer  bringing in some provisions for the stores  each' week. The News says "it will no  doubt be the liveliest town in thatscction  during the coming year."  Four Returned by Acclamation.  On the !i'jrd instant, Messrs. Pooley and  Higgins, the sitting members, were returned by acclamation for I'lsquimalt district. Theodore Davie and major Mutter  were also returned by acclamation for  (,'owichan. Major Mutter is the man  whom Mr. Davie objected to <luriiigthe  early part of the campaign because of his  too iiidcpendentexpressiouson thestuinp.  All other dirtriets will bo contested.  Tho I'rofddont of Franco Assassinated.  President. Carnot of France was assassinated at Lyons on Sunday while on Ins  way to a theater. The assassin, a young  Italian, named Santo, jumped on the step  of the carriage in which the president  was riding and stabbed him 'near the  heart, eleath resulting in less than four  hours. The assassin was arrested. Before the examining magistrate he declared  himself an anarchist. The police believe  the assassination was a conspiracy. Cas-  sitnir-Perier, president of the chamber of  deputies, AS'ill likely succeed to the presidency. '���--,'.   . '  Likely to be Defeated.  From reports received at Nelson, "Bill"  Brown will defeat J. M. Kellie in the north  riding of West Kootenay.    So with all  turncoats.  (Notary  Public)  Victoria Street, Nelson, B. C.  Mining and Real Estate Broker  Commission and Insurance  Agent  KEPJIESEN T ING:  The Confederation Life Association. The Phoenix Fire  Insurance Company. The Dominion 1'uikling Sc Loan  Association of Toronto, Etc.  MINES INSPECTED  AND REPORTED  UPON.  Several good lots in government townsites of Now Denver and Nelson to be sold cheap.  Stores and offices to rent at Nelson.  Tenant wanted for ranch on Columbia river near Robson, or will sell.   Good opportunity.  LOTS   IN    ADDITION    "A"  to sell on easy terms.  Apply at once to  W. A. J0WETT, Victoria St., Nelson, B.C.  AND  DRUGGISTS  A large and complete stock of theleading lines of  Cor. Baker and  Josephine  Streets,  Nelson, B. C.  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  A large and complete stock of  FISHING TACKLE.  low is the time to order your Spring Suit.  Central Office  of the  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  Has just received his stock  of Tweed, Serge, and "Worsted  Suitings and Trouserings.  Prices to Suit the Times.  The Hall Mines, Limited.  Tenders in writing will be received at the ofllce of the  conipany, in Nelson, up to G p. in. on 7th July, for the  transport of fifty tons or more of machinery and other  freight from Nelson to the Silver King mine, and for the  transport of 100 tons or more of ore in sacks from the  same mine to Nelson. The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.  Tenders in writing will also he received up to G p. m.  on 7th July,at the ollice of lhe company in Nelson, where  specifications may be seen, for the erection of two buildings at the Silver King mine, or for cither of them. The  company supplying all materials. The lowest or any  tender not necessarily accepted. For any further information apply to the undersigned.  II.  K. CKOASDAIU-*,  Commercial manager.  GOLD  AND   SILVER  EXTRACTION.  The Cassel (Sold 1-Mnicting Co., Ltd., of Glasgow.  (Tin- MmrArtliiir-l-'iirrist ('--iiiilili- I'l-mi'sO  Is prepared to negotiate with mine owners and others  for the extraction of the above metals from the most refractory ores, and to treat and report on .samples un to  one ton in weight sent lo its exnci-iiiienliil works, Vancouver.   All communications to lie addressed to  W. I'KLLKVV-IIAUVI'-Y, F.C.S.,  Assay and Mining Oilices, Vancouver, 11. C.  All kinds of assay mining and analytical work undertaken  DISSOLUTION OF COPARTNERSHIP.  The partnership heretofore existing between A. Wills  and G. C. O. Mayrand isfroiiiand aflerthisilatedissolvcd  by mutual consent. A. Wills assumes all liabilities, and  will continue the business, and is alone authorized to collect accounts due the Into firm.  A. WILLS,  G. O. O. MAYKANI).  Dated at Nelson, June Zkd, 1881,  NOTICE TO CREDITORS.  In the County Court of Kootonay, holden at Nelson, in  the matter of lhe estate of William White, deceased,  Notice is hereby given l.hatall persons having any claim  against, the estate of William White, late of Stevens  county, in-the state of Washington, ono of the United  States of America, miner, deceased, who died on the 'JSth  day of November, I8!'.'f, are rei|iiired on or before the lirst  day of August, A. 1). 1H!M, to svnd by post, prepaid, to tho  undersigned solicitor for Amelia White, tliu administratrix of tlie said estate, their christian and surnames, addresses and descriptions, the full particulars of their  claims, a sLatcment of their accounts, anil the nature of  the securities (If any) held by thein,  After the lirst day of August., ISill, the said administratrix will proceed lo distribute tho assets of the said  estitlc among the parties entitled thereto, having regard  only to the claims of which notice sliall have then been  Dated thl- 15th day of June, lMM,    ,  JOHN   KI-LIOT,  Haker Street, Nelson,  Solicitor for Administratrix.  Colville, Washington, and Nelson, B. C.  Wholesale and retail dealers in Hay, Grain, Poultry, Butter, Eggs, and all  kinds of Farm Produce.   Special rates to parties buying in Carload Lots.  Address all orders to Nelson, B. C.  Priee lists will be furnished on application.      .      .      .      .      .  Nelson office and warehouse, Baker  street, between Bigelow & Co's and  Nelson hotel.      .      .      .  ��  ���  We are making ready for a dissolution of partnership, in the early spring,  and from today (Thursday, December 21st) will offer our entire stock of Dry  Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Crockery, and G-lassware at cost.  GRAND CLEARANCE SALE: For the next 30  days we offer our entire stock of Dry Goods,  Clothing, Boots and Shoes Crockery and Glassware, Doors and Windows, at COST for CASH.  TTTK^IEIR-  BBOTHEBS  ers  oman  JUST  RECEIVED  JUNE, 28  ��� 0  xpress w agons  ��� ��� e  _B_A._E_Z.E_R   STEEET,   ^iELSOINY _B_ O.  AT THE  Fine Neglige Shirts in Silk, Silk and Wool, Flannel and Cotton.  Summer Underwear in Mosaic and Natural Wool. Hosiery,  Suspenders, Ties, Collars, Cuffs.  .~W~ H_ATS  Felt  Hats  in  all the Best American and English Makes.   A  full Line of American Revited Overalls.  Prices lower than ever,  The RAILWAY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  CHOICE BUILDING and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  EEBATB   ALLOWED   "FOR   G-OOD   _3T_riI__DI_-TG*S.  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and ROBSON.  _A__?_?L*y   FOE   PEICES,   _VE_5__?S-   ETC..   TO  FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C. and K. R. and N. Co., Nelson, B. C...  Will purchase a 7-drawer "New Williams" sewing machine  Large stock from which to make selections.  Houston  Block. Nelson.  JACOB DOVER, Jeweler.  Don't be Alarmed!  If tho railways ivro washed out. We have a large  Hlock of Hut tor. Uncoil, Canned Meals, Salt Fish,  Dried Fruits, '''lour, Hams, Lard, Milk, .Sugar,  Ale, Ileer, Cider, and .Stout. Also tlie finest bntnd.s  of Imported and Native Liquors, W'Iiioh, Cigars,  Tobacco, etc.  THE HUDS0NS' BAY CO.,  Baker Street, Nelson.  AGENTS I'*OK: .Urn. Hchlltsi, Milwaukee, U.S.A.; Fort  Garry Flour Mills, Winnipeg; Hlriun Walker & Sons,  Wnlkcrvillo,  Plson fancy Store.  All kinds of Fancy Goods,  Notions, Ladies' Underclothing, Children's Clothing, etc.  Baker St,, next (loop Nelson Shoe Store,  Hunter & McKinnon,  &ra_  New  Denver and   Silverton.  Keep on band at both places everything required by  the prospector, miuer, und mine owner.

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