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The Tribune 1894-06-16

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 y\  \       6fob U  ��� \ Library    >  Presents an Unequalled Field for the Developer  of   Mineral    Claims   showing   Gold,   Silver,  Copper,  Lead, and Zinc, as Well as for  the  Investor in  Producing Mines.  SECOND  YEAR.-NO. :{().  NELSON,  BRITISH   COLUMBIA, SATURDAY,' J UN 15 U>,   1804,  Already Completed or Under Construction and   ��  Steamboat    Lines   in   Operation   Make, the  Mining   Camps   and   Towns   in   Kootenay, Accessible   the   Year   Round.  ONE   DOLLAR A YEAR.  CONSUMERS'    -WATER    WORKS    COMPANY  Mako Charges That Do not Agree With Those  Stipulated in Their Charter.  There hits boon considerable diss;i(.isruction of la to among p;i Irons of llie Consumers' Water Work's Company, owing  to prices charged by that corporation.  The oflicers of the ��� company seemingly  fix their own charges and dictate their  own tonus, knowing quite well that consumers cannot afford to have their water  turned off, even if the rates are high,  owing to the difficulty of obtaining it  elsewhere. A majority of our citizens  are as ignorant of the prices that may be  fixed by Llie directors of the company,  and collected by their servants, as they  are of the origin of the company itself.  In the summer of 1X01 the present  water works system  was constructed and  put in operation by private individuals to  the extent of four in number. At the fol-  * lowing session of the legislature a private-  bill was introduced and passed incorporating a company under the name of "The  Consumers' Water Works Company, Limited," for the purpose of constructing,  operating, and maintaining a system of  water works at the town of Nelson, and  granting them authority to take from the  east fork of Cottonwood Smith and Ward  creeks their supply of water: the capital  of the company beingJf5.10.tMX). divided into  shares of .$10 each. The company thus incorporated taking over tlie plant then in  operation iimnediatelv upon passage of  this bill.  Section 11 of this act of incorporation  reads as follows: "The company shall  regulate the distribution and use of the  water on all places and for all purposes,  and shall from time to time fix the vonl  or price which any owner or occupant of  any house or building who shall use such  water shall pay for the use thereof: but  in no case shall the said company fix a  greater rent than one dollar a thousand  gallons foi water, or one dollar and fifty  cents a month from tlie owner or occupant of any house or building wherein the  number of persons does not exceed four,  and forty cents per month per capita for  each and every additional occupant: Provided, always, the company shall, upon  the application of any person or persons,  furnish a-supply of water within a reasonable time from the date of such application, porvided. always, that the applicant  or applicants deposit wiLh 'the company a  sum 'sufficient fco pay for the actual cost  of laying the necessary service pipe. If,  after the said service pipe is laid, the applicant or applicants shall pay to tho company for water supplied through such  pipes a sum amounting to double the cost  of laying'such pipe, then the said deposit  shall be returned by the company to the  said applicant or applicants, otherwise  the same shall be forfeited to the company. The said service pipe shall in all  cases become and be the property of the  said company."  From the time the works were put in  operation, which was during September,  1X01. until the passage ol' (he above act.  on the 23rd day of April. 1892. tlie plant  was operated by private parties, and lhe  prices charged wave in accordance to the  si/.e of the building in which water was  used, being one dollar aud fifty cents per  month for 1000 or less square feet of floor  surface and one dollar per month for each  additional 1000 square feet or fraction  thereof.  It would seem from the company's present rates that they still cling to the old  system and charge according to floor  space. If the charter under whicli they  are doing business means anything, it  means there is scarcely a business house,  hotel, or residence that can legally be  taxed more than one dollar and lifty cents  por month, no matter how many taps are  used.        Three Men Drowned at Five-Mile Creek.  Nakusp Lodge, June 1-lth: Information,  somewhat meagre in minor details, has  reached town of the drowning of chreo  men in Five-mile creek, a tributary to  Trout lake. It appears that on tho evening after the great gale a week ago Sunday, a body of men engaged in placer  milling were encamped in a dry gulch  close to Five-mile creek. During the night  tlie crook, swollen to enormous proportions, changed its course and swept  through the gulch where the men were  sleeping. Several of them reached dry  land in safety, but three wevo not so fortunate and- were carried away by the  flood and drowned. The names of the  victims were Raynor, Stewart, and Metcalfe. The bodies were recovered and  buried. The foreman of the camp, though  badly injured, has gone to Hevelstoko to  inform the relatives of the unfortunate  miners of the sad occurrence.  After the race Ladas was surrounded by  ihe multitude, half mad with enthusiasm,  and when lord Hoseborry appeared on the  course to lead Ladas back to the paddock,  a strong force of police wore sent to protect the premier from the crush of the  crowd. There was a tremendous outburst  of enthusiasm, as lord Hose-berry and  Ladas entered the paddock together, for  today, at least", the most popular man in  Knglaud is the owner of Ladas, the winner  of the derby.  Ladas was tho quickest away. At the  quarter-mile Match Mox led, Bullington  second. Bomington third, and Hornbeam  last. Ladas was one length in front of  Clyde, and Galloping Dick was two lengths  in the roar. Bullington. tit the mile post,  joined Match Box, and the pair advanced  side by -side from Hornbeam, Ladas and  Beminder. while Clyde was last. At the  hill top Match Box took the lead by one  length, Bullington and Remington were  at her heels and just in front of Ladas  and Reminder. After reaching tho  straight Ladas pulled to the front and  ���soon had the lead, winning in a canter.  Clyde was fifth.  NEW   DENVER   NOTES.  AFTER FORTY-THREE YEARS OF SERVICE  Nkw Dkxvioh. June 5th. IS0-1.  Flood, storm, and fire have been playing  havoc through the Slocan country during  the last week. .More than an acre of  ground has been cut out of tho New Denver townsite. The warm weather culminated on Sunday in a terrific wind storm  followed by thunder and rain. All the  trails iu the country have been blocked  and rendered impassable by fallen timber.  The damage done to house property in  New Denver was slight and has before  now been repaired. Three Forks suffered  more, as firo broke out. and before the  rain came seven cabins wero destroyed.  It was only by the united exertions of all  the men in town that the business street  was saved. On Sunday evening a big  flood came down the north fork of Carpenter creek. It destroyed what was left of  the railroad grade and wagon road. Much  of the railroad bridge timber is now afloat  on Slocan lake. So far no loss of life is  reported on this side of the mountains.  Tracklaying is progressing very slowly  on the Nakusp & Slocan railway.  A strong vein oi' ore has been discovered  on the Deadman. a claim located between  the Noble Five and the Hunan and owned  by the owners of the latter.  On the Alamo a chute of ore two feet  three inches wide has boon run into. The  ore is full of Ruby silver and must average away up in the hundreds.  A force of men has been put to work on  the Idaho.  Contracts have been let for clearing five  acresof ground at the mouth of Howson  creek and for getting out timber for the  mill.  Captain Moore has started for Ottawa  to represent there what the duty on mining machinery means to mine owners in  this country.  The Mountain Chief isalinost as isolated  as when it was first discovered. George  Hughes is prospecting for a trail into New  Denver to keep the south side of Carpenter creek all tho way.  livery man in Silvorton who wanted  work has been put on the Alpha wagon  road.  Mann brothers have secured a contract  to haul ore from tho Alpha mine. There  are about 2.10 tons of ore on the dump.  The big ore house at Silvorton was  knocked to pieces in the storm on Sunday.  The Now Denver government wharf  was arrested on its way to the head of  Slocan lake on Sunday and moored close  to the citi/.ons' wharf. A. Sproat had it  towed back to  its old location yesterday.  A movement is on foot in Now Denver  to hold a grand celebration when the railroad comes in. The proposed date is  about the 1st of August.  Roseberry's Horse Ladas Wins the Derby.  Lord Koseberry has attained another of  the dreams of his youthful ambition. His  horse Ladas won the derby. For some  time attempts have been made to belittle  the horse in the market on the ground  that the softness bequeathed by his sire  to most of his progeny had been found to  exist in Ladas also, and that while swift  enough he had not the bottom to carry  him up the home stretch. All those  prophecies have failed and the prime minister's horse has made a good winning,  with Match Box, another favorite, second,  and Reminder, a comparative outsider,  third. Nevisv was there a larger or gayer  crowd on Epsom Downs, and never did  more voiciforous cheering greet the winner of tho groat event. The prime minister was the hero of the occasion and was  loudly cheered by the enthusiastic crowds.  Election Day Has Been Named.  A private dispatch received by Tnio  Tkihuxio, dated June Ifith. states that  nominations close Juiie2-.{rd and election  will bo hold July 7th. Nelson, Ainsworth.  Kaslo. Now Denver, and Bykert's have  been named as the different polling places.  Why is it that towns like Waneta and  Watson are omitted, while a point like  Bykert's is made a polling place? When  the government omits towns situated as  Waneta and Watson, it practically disfranchises the voters of these places,  Waneta being sixty-odd miles from Nelson, its nearest polling place, while Watson is ton miles from New Denver. A  glance at the voters'list will show- that  twice the number of voters reside at either  Waneta or Watson than at Rykert's. If  these two places were government instead  of opposition strongholds, it is more than  likely residents would not be obliged to  travel sixty miles for the privilege of casting their votes.  Dare Not Take the Risk.  Rumor has it that George Owen Buchanan will resign from the coming election contest in favor of Arthur Stanhope  Farwell. It is not likely this is the case.  Mr. Farwell and his little band of followers, know too well what his fate would  bo; they know also that the man the majority of ballots will be cast for on the 7th  day of July next will be a Canadian. The  people of British Columbia are beginning  to feel just as they do in Ontario and  other eastern provinces in reference to  Englishmen holding public office, and it  is a safe bet that the next provincial legislature will contain more Canadians than  it does members who are known as ''my  countrymen."  To British Columbia Sir Matthew Begbie Passes  to His Long Rest.  Sir   Matthew  Begbie.  chief justice   of  British   Columbia,   died   at   Victoria   on  Juno I2th, after a painful illness, the cause  of death being cancer of the stomach.   He  was appointed judge of British Columbia  in IS:1I, when Vancouver Island and British  Columbia   wero   separate crown  colonies.    Subsequently   ho   was  appointed  chief justice of both. At the time of judge  Begbio's appointment the entire country  was, as it were, demoralized, gold seekers,  mining prospectors and   their eamp  followers swarming through   the   country,  many of them having lived in California  in contempt of law and order aud having  brought those same instincts and characteristics along with  them.    To  suppress  and regulate thou, required an  administrator of the law, fearless and just, who,  moreover, was prompt to repress offenders, and  if necessary visit thorn with extreme penalties.    It was due to him more  than  anyone or to any series of circumstances that the mining page oi' British  Columbia's history does not record atrocities and rowdyism, such as had  in  many  cases prevailed.   This man was not to be  terrorized over, and  not only did  he administer  the law  fearlessly   and  impartially, but under his direction every care  was taken  to ensure the execution of the  penalties.     Tho   disorderly   element  ore  long grow to fear him and henceforward  his inquiries and decisions wero in no way  questioned by even the worst elements in  those early days.    Jn 1S7I  the distinction  of knighthood was conferred upon justice  Begbie   for  his eminent   -services   to the  crown and   the colony, tho request being  marie at the same that he   withdraw .his  then pending resignation, which had been  presented at- the time of British   Columbia's   entrance   into   tho   confederation.  During later years ho has made his headquarters in Victoria.  A Pleasure Trip to Bonner's Ferry.  A special trip was made by tho steamer  Nelson on Sunday last to Bonner's Ferry,  in order to accommodate those who  wished to view the damage done by the  recent high water. About twenty-five  people i'roin Nelson availed themselves  of the opportunity to visit tho town that  has of late suffered so many disasters.  Fonner's Ferry, to tho sight-seer, presents  a sorry picture. What buildings that  have not been washed away are secured  by ropes and cables, nearly all of which  are still surrounded by water. In the  valley from there to the head of the lake  the river has over-flowed its banks and in  places from two to three miles wide. Tho  dyking and other works of tho lvootenay  Reclamation Company are badly damaged.    Denies the Allegation.  Nklkox. June llth. I MM.  To tiik Editou of Tiik Tiuih'NK: In  an editorial article in your issue oi June  0th. i notice a report quoted to the ell'ect  that I have in my possession a letter from  one of the promoters of the Kaslo 6c Slocan  Railway Company, in which the statement is made that work will not be commenced this year. 1 Mease note that there  is no foundation for this report. On the  contrary I had a letter from Mr. Ewen  aboiitone week since, in which thatgentlo-  iiiiui expressed his confidence that the  work of construction on that railway  would very shortly begin. The rumor  and the inference you base upon it are  alike fictitious.    Yours truly.  G. O.  BrciiA.VA.v.  REPUBLIC   OF   HAWAII.  A Clean-Up on the Pend d'Oreille.  Chief clerk  Holly of the  Kootonay Hydraulic Placer Mining Company,   reports  that the late clean-up netted 22 cents per  cubic yard, and as this was a test, and a  very conservative one at that, to satisfy  sonic of the prominent stockholders from  Rochester, New York, who wero there for  tlie purpose of seeing for themselves as to  tlie worth of  the dirt, the   future   operations will   be on a scale of extensive and  systematic plan.    A  large  pump  will  he  immediately   shipped    and   water   lifted j  from the Fend d'Oreille river, a large force j  of experienced placer minors  will  bo em- j  ployed, and the ground will be worked for I  all there is in it. j  Opposition Prospects in the North Riding.  Nakusp Ledge, June llth: W. Brown of  Revelstoke, the opposition candidate of  this riding, returned on Thursday from a  campaign trip to Trail creek and that,  vicinity. Later in the day he departed in  a rowboat, to canvass for support among  the stalwart yeomanry of I'M're valley and  Trout crook. Mr. Brown had a narrow  escape for his life in returning on Sunday,  lie and his companion just getting ashore  when the storm struck them. Their bout  was swamped at once, while they dodged  the falling trees as best they could. Mr.  Brown is hopeful of election, stating that  Trail creek is solid for him, while Trout  creek and Fire valley settlers will support  him to a man.  Plenty Good Enough.  If the people here are going to celebrate  the Istof July in Nelson's customary manner it is time they wore making a move in  that direction. Owing to the lack of  time and the scarcity of money, why  would it not lie as well merely to have a  base ball game and cricket match with a  dance at night. This would cost vory  little and the chances are would be appreciated equally as well as a long list of  sports and games.  A Cure for Pro.'anity.  All exchange says that a minister iu its  town had a swearing parrot. lie complained to a i'v'nnul and the latter told him  how to cure the bird of profanity, lie  said, as soon as the bird began to swear,  to swing tho cage around rapidly ton  times and then douse a bucket of water  on the parrot. Tne next time the parrot  swore the minister did as directed. Then  after setting the cage down ho glanced at  the bird, half da/.ed and its feathers ruffled, and asked: "Well, now how do you  feel?" "Oh," said the parrot, looking  out of one eye in a qui/.'/ieal manner, "I'm I  all right, but where in li I were you when  the cyclone struck us?"  Indians at a Phonograph.  Wiiid-in-fho-Faoe. chief of a band of  Flathead Indians camped near Missoula.  Montana, wandered into a store recently,  and in his inspection of the stock came  across a phonograph, whicli stands in one  After a Session of Three Days the Convention  Adopts a Constitution.,  A Honolulu dispatch dated June 3rd  states that the constitutional committee  has been occupied with its organization  for the past two days. The draft of the  constitution prepared by the executive  council was distributed to the members  of the convention. It is a lengthy document, anil au examination of the proposed  constitution discloses as features peculiar  to it those stated in the following summary:  Tho government is called the Republic  of Hawaii.  There is a president, vice-president, a  cabinet of four ministers, an ' ad visory  council of fifteen, and a legislature, with  senate and house ol representatives sitting separately, each of fifteen members.  All voters must bo born or naturalized  citi/.ons. and must road, write, and speak  English or Hawaiian with fluency.  Electors of senators must possess $-1000  property or $000 income.  Any alien to be naturalized must come  from a country with which Hawaii has a  treaty concerning naturalization. Ho  must read, write and speak English fluently. ' He must possess $200 in property  and must renounce foreign allegiance.  Special exception is made in the case of  all aliens who aided and supported the  provisional  government.    They  may  receive denization or naturalization and be  free to vote without the above qualilica-  tiovs.  All voters abjure monarchy.  Tho president is elected   for six  years,  but cam ot succeed himself.    Ho is chosen  by a majority of both houses sitting together, bub this must include a majority  of the senate.    He has the  usual   powers  of the chief magistrate.   The first president  is  named "in  the constitution, and  holds office until December 81st, 1000.  The advisory council are appointed, five  by each house and live by the president.  They act in case of pardons and of appropriating money in groat emergencies.  In case of a presidential vacancy or suspension the ollice is to be filled by one of  tho cabinet until a new president can be  elected.  In ease of failure by the legislature to  pass an appropriation bill, the cabinet  have power to pay the necessary expenses  hi accordance with the last appropriation  bill.  There is a permanent pay-roll, subject  to amendment by the legislature.  If one house adjourns without consent  of the other the latter goes on alone with  complete legislative power No session  can exceed sixty working days without  consent of the president.  The president may veto any specific  item oi'appropriation bills.  The president and senate have power to  conclude a treaty of commercial and  political union with the United States.  Special boards of registration shall act  on each island. The qualifications ol  voters are to be rigidly scrutinized.  The legislature may provide by law foi  supervision, registration, control and  identification of all persons, and any clas.-  or nationality of persons; aud may als<  by law restrict or limit the term of resilience and the business or employment oi  all person coming into the republic. This  ineets tho case of Asiat ic laborimmigrants.  Freedom of speech and press does no;  permit advocacy of the restoration ol  monarchy.  No alien unlawfully entering the republic is entitled to writ of habeas corpus a.*  of right.  All treaties are ratified   and   confirmed.  All commissions are. vacated on September 1st I SO I.  The first regular session of the legislature is to beheld on the thud Wednesday  of February, ISOfi. and biennially thereafter.  No reference is made to Asiatics in the  constitution. The provisions of naturalization tend to exclude all such from voting.  All existing laws and rights are confirmed.  Crown lands are declared to bo the property of the government.  Lotteries and lottery tickets are prohibited.  The advisory council continues in full  legislative and other authority until a  legislature is convened.  The first election shall bo held within  three months-after the promulgation of  the new constitution. The register of  voters in the election of May 2nd shall determine the voters for representatives.  Voters for senators only shall be specially  registered at that time.  corner ,of   the  room.    He   examined   the  machine very curiously, and by signs and  grunts enquired its use.    After considerable  persuasion  he  was  induced to sing  into the receiver a war chant of the tribe,  lie began with a low, monotonous "Ili-ya-  ho-yn. ho," but warmed lo his work as he  nearcd tho otxd. which threatened to dislocate  the   machine.    After  he had  concluded   the   attachments   were  changed,  so that Wind-in-tho-Face and his attendant braves could hear  the  production of  the song.    Gravely and somewhat suspiciously  they' inserted  the   tubes   in   their  ears and waited the result.  As the sounds  of the  chant  that  for ages  had   incited  I heir forefathers to battie reached their  (jars,they weroat first thoroughly alarmed  and muttered something about "bad ined-  icane;" but as the emphatic tones of their  chief coining from the little wax cylindar  rang out-the tocsin, thoy became enthused  anil kept time  to  the alleged music, with  feet and bodies, and  it seemed  as if the  war dance  was to  be executed  then and  there.   They wanted more, and a cylinder  was  inserted   that gave  them  "Drill, ye  Terriers."   This pleased them immensely,  and they laughed as heartily as an Indian  ever  laughs,   though   they  probably did  not understand a word of the song.  THE   VOTERS'   LIST.  Names of Persons Placed Upon Register Since  May 4th, 1894.  Atchison, David. Koolenay river, rancher  -Vngi-iKiioii. Xes.toria, Now Deliver  .Arrovv.-inith, .lohn. tioal I liver, rancher  Aiinnuee, Peter. Three Forks, minor  Hums, Michael, Nelson, minor  Hi-own. Thomas. Nelson, miner  Hovvon, John, Throe Forks, hotolkoeiier  Iliirden. Oscar, I'ilot Hay, carpenter  Boyd, James, Nelson, miner  Bradley, John l.'harlos, Nel.-on, minor  Brown, (IcnrKO Melville. Balfour, carpenter'  Bigham. James, l-l'-ln-uiii, Ka.-lo. blacksmith  (Jliirl*. .lame.*., Kn.-lo, minor  Couch, William, Kootenay River, rancher  Cameron, Donald E, Kn.-lo. cook  Campbell. -lohn Joseph. New Denver, engineer  Campbell. Align*.. Nelson, steamboat man  Campbell, John, Nelson, slcuuibnnt.uiun  Cnltiugham, Thomas K, Ka.-ln. tcain.-ler  Cretan, Claude A. Aili.-vvorth, miner  Collins, John. Xel-on, farmer  (Jlia-o, Ludlow It, Ka-lo. miner  Crawford, George. Duncan City, packer  Costfrili', Daniel, Kaslo, miner  1,'o-grill'. Thomas. ICaslo. miner  Co.-griir, John. Three Forks, miner  Clark. (leorgo. Three Fork?, engineer  Cameron. John A. Kaslo. railroad contractor  Cameron .lamo.-. Coat Kiver. miner  Chapman, Henry, Ne^on, engineer  Deuchane, William, Ka-lo, minor  Driiciill, Thomas -I, Fori -Sheppard, contractor  Dery, John, Ka-lo, teanisier  Derrah. .Mnr.-hall. NeNon. miner  Duvid.son, Kdg.irll. Three Fork*., team-ler  Dempster. Thomas, Kaslo, miner  Donovan, Tim, Kootenay liiver, carpenter  Filial-. William F. Three Fori:*-, packer  I'M ward.--, Joseph, Kaslo, miner  Fiifjli-.il. Thoma.-, Koolenay I liver, laborer  Fngli.-h, -lames. Kootenny Itivcr. laborer  Foi'iin, liOberl, Kaslo. carpenler  Flahill', Fdward, Nel-on. miner  Forbes. Duncan I. Kaslo, miner  For-ler, Arthur I'. Kootenay liiver. engineer  Flynn, 'l'hunia>, Nels-on, miner  Farwell. Arthur ri. Nelson, civil ciigincei-  tirant, James, Ain-worih. miner  (Ireen, Benjamin, Ainsworth. e;ciitIonian  (layne, l'eter. Three Fork-., miner  (ii-illilh.*-. Ceortfe. Kn.-lo. ma-oii  11iiKonin. Charles, Nel-on. miner  llayward. I'liarle.- Jr. Nel-on, clerk.  Harvey, John 1 W. Kaslo, surveyor.-. a.sM-,tant  Howard Harry, Fort Sheppard. miner  llir-rroll. James, Koolenay liiver. rancher  Kirsi'.h, John. Nel-on, -urveyor  Ilender.-on, l.'obert .1. New Di.nver, holelkeeper  "llui*he.-.. Andrews. Kn-lo, painter  Mill. William. Ka-lo. musician  Harris. Thomas, Ka-lo, eon-table  ilaverty Michael, Kn.-lo. miner  llod.-oii", Ucore;c A. Duncan Kiver, merchant  1 lu-ton William, Ka-lo, miner  Hern, Henry. New Denver, miner  Ilou.-ton William. Three Fork.-, miner  Irvine;, Will am, Kn.-lu, cabinetmaker  Irwin, Albert. Nel-on. miner  Joneb, David I, Three Fork.-, miner  .lohn-on. Henry. Kaslo, miner  John-ton. Ceore;1-. Nel-on, cu-loms ollieer  .lell'er-on,' Albert. Kootenay liiver. laborer  Joiner, I'roelor, Kaslo. clerk  Kirlin, Albert <���'. Sandon creek, miner  Kent, Thomas. Nel-on. -teauiho.ilinan  Kennedy. Win F. Ka-lo, miner  Kennedy, John A, Ka-lo. miner  Kail. Alfred .1. Kootenay liiver, rancher  Latham. James 1", Three Fork-, tcam-ler  l.uvii���uiir. Ounriii", Nel-on. cook  Loiidin. Clillord I'. Nel-on. porter  Leu is. (ieoixe F. K'u-lo. miner  l.oiiff, llobert, .1. Kootenay liiver, lireman  .Murray, Waller, Three Forks, bridge carpenter  Moore. David W.  Ka-lo, bookkeeper  Madden, Thoma-, Nel-on. hotelkcepi-r  Martin. Donald McLean. Ka-lo, clcre;yinnii  .Malone. John .1,  Nel-on, hotelkccpci-  Murphy. Michael. Ka-lo, miner  Mon-i-.' Waller D, Ku-lo. waiter  Murphy. Charlc-.  Ka-lo, miner  Mackay. William D. New Denver, civ il engineer  Matthew.-. Jcii'T J.J\a-lo. miner  Matbi'-on, -lame-. Ka-lo, miner  Morri-on, l'eter D. Ka-lo. miner  Mel liile, John, Three Forks, miner  McDonald, Dan, Aiii-vvoilb, laborer  McDonald. Iliifjh. Ainsworth. miner  McFarland, Duncan. Nelson, customs ollieer  Md'hee, Allen. New; Denver, blacksmith  McDonald, -lame-. Ncl-ou, merchant  Mcl.cod, John N. Knslo. miner  McDonald. I'hillip. Kaslo. miner  MeKinzie. Alexander, Kaslo. leain-li-r  Mel-Cenzie. llobert M. Pilot Bay. carpenter  McLean. Samuel. .Wl.-nu. cool;  Alcllea. Murdoek, Ka-lo. nrid^eioan  McCartney, .lolin. Ka-lo, miner  Mclnto-h, John L. Ka-lo. miner  McDonald. HiikIi. Wal.*oii. miner  MeKcnclly, Mayhow. II. Nel-on, carpenler  Mcliillivriiy, Duncan -I. Kaslo. vvheelriulu  McDonald. Ane;u- L. Ku-lo, contractor  MeKcn/.ie. -lame.-. Kn.-lo. holelkeeper  McDonald. John. Ka-lo. miner  MeDonnld. Daniel K. Silverton. miner  McKcn/.ic, Thomas. Kaslo. carpenter  Ali-Donald. Iliifjh J. Ka-lo. carpenter  Mct.'rcjjor, Duncan <'. Kaslo. eontnicior  McDonald. IIiikIi D. Ka-lo. miner  McLaiiKhlin. \v illiain L. Nel-on, miner  McDonald. Archie A. Ka-lo, miner  McClusky. John,  Kaslo, miner  Nccly, llobert. Nelson, miner  I'lalf, (leoi'Ko, Koolenay liiver, miner  I'ryer. William. Ka-lo. miner  Plai.-ance, Harvey  W, Ka-lo. carpenter  Pa-co, Thoma- W, Ainsworlb. carpenter  I'nil I, Fred U. Kootenny l.'ivcr, rancher  llciitcr. Seba-lin .1, Ka-lo. butcher  llov-bcch. Andrew J. Nelson, holelkeeper  P.obcrl.-. William. Kaslo, holelkeeper  lloderick Tlioma-. Ka-lo. miner  Uovvse. William II. miner  llows.-. Thoma-. Kaslo, miner  Sloan, William P. Kootenny liiver, rancher  St. Barhc. ('harle-. Ni l-oii.joiirnali-l  Sieolte. Noel. Nel-on. fanner  Sanson. Charles B. Nel-on. clerk  Spolber-. John. Ka-lo, laborer  Siallord, lleoriie, New Denver, miner  Stevenson. I-aac, K'a.-lo, lumberman  Sbilland. Anthony, Ka-lo, miner  TiirKell. Arthur II. Ka-lo, clerk  Thompson, Andrew II, Fori Sheppiinl. fanner  Toye, Sydney II. Nel-on, miner  Todd Lavylon W, New Denver, architect  Thnmp-nn, Jame- II. Three Fork-, miner  Wil-oii. lieor^e I-;, Three Fork-, laborer  Wil.-on. Arthur M. Ka-lo. miner  Whitcly, Arthur M. Ka-I lerk  Wood-, Jninc-. Three Fork-, linker  Wilson. Samuel -I, Ka-lo. miner  Weir. Duncan J, Ka-lo. miner  Wilcox, Harvey. Ka-lo. miner  THE   MINES   AT   TRAIL  Are Bound to be Among the Leading Producers of West Kootenay. *  Since the day mineral was first discovered in Trail Creek" district more or  less work has constantly been going on,  and with each foot of depth gained the  ore bodies have increased in si/.o as well  as value. On account of the low price of  silver, and the fact of tho-mines-of this  district being gold producing ones, more  than the usual amount of attention is  turned in this direction.  On the LcKoi, which is one of the oldest  claims in the district and whicli is probably one of Lhe best developed. 2~> men  are at work. Hoisting works are being  erected and two Burleigh drills are on the  ground ready for use. This mine has  shipporrhi the neighborhood of 1000 tons  of ore and is in better condition now than  ever.  The Nickel Plate is closed down at  present on account of water, but pumping machinery has .been ordered anil will  soon be placed in position.  A tunnel is being run on the .Josie to  tap the vein at considerable depth. A  contract to sink ���")() feet on this property  has also been let.  On I ho War kagle a tunnel 'iiiO feet in  length is being run to lap the large showing uncovered last fall.  In the (). K. funnel, whicli is in 300 feet,  a rich pocl-i< of ore was recently uncovered assaying $-100 per ton. This  property has 2.10 tons of ore on the dump.  Fred Iiitehio'is now engaged in surveying the Josie, War Kaglo, O. Iv.. and  Nickel I'lato claims, all of which arc ore-  producers of no small proportions.  Thompson, the new town near the Le  Koi, boasts of one hotel, tw<> stores and  about forty cabins.  The Spokane i\r Northern people have  surveyors at work on a wagon road from  Northport up Sheep crook to tap the  mines. It is thought a saving can bo  made in transporting ore by this route as  most of the ore from this camp is shipped  loose and extra handling on and oil' a  steamboat is always accompanied by  more or less loss. The railway company  holds a charter for a railway covering  this same ground which expires shortly  and by putting in a good wagon road  they may got an exiensiou of time.  Steamboat and Railway Nows.  Owing to the condition of the Great  Northern it is not likely the steamer  Nelson will make regular trips to lion-  ner's Ferry for some time yet. as that  road is in a badly damaged condition.  On Wednesday 1 hi-' steamer Columbia  left Northport for lio!>--on en route lo  Hevelstoko. reaching the latter place  Thursday night, returning with passengers and mail on Saturday, which were  transferred to the Nelson A: Fort Sheppard train at Waneta. Trains being unable to usv. the track from Waneta to  Northport the Columbia was used to  transfer passengers from the Spokane 6c  Northern train to Waneta.  The Columbia iV* Koolenay is but little  damaged front |{ob*-i>n to Koolenay crossing. Trains will be running over this distance iu a l\'w days, but from Nelson to  the cros-ing tlie road is in bad condition,  owing to the numerous bridges and  I rest ies. all of which  are badly used up.  The Nelson <V Fort .Sheppard is now in  running order, lhe bridge across Col Ion-  wood and the few washouts in Beaver  canyon having been repaired.  Tiie Canadian I'acilic i.*. now getting  pa.-.-engors through to the coast from  b'evel-toke as well as to eastern point*- by  means of several transfers. As this road  lias bad place-all the way from Man IT to  \'ansou\er it will lie -ome time before  through t rain*- can !��������� run.  Some Interesting Figures.  The Midi imore Sun draws a comparison  between their upper hou-e. the senate,  and the house of lord*., which i*. not favorable to lhe former body. That paper  states that while the house of representatives costs very much more than any.  similar Icgi-Iati'vo body in the world, yet  its outlay, enormous as it is. over S'_!.;"Ufl.-  000 per annum, is moderate when compared proportionately with the lavish  waste of public funds by the senate. An  instance is given in that the representatives, numbering .'{.">'> members, lake !jill."i.-  000 per Minium to pay their employees,  hut the senate, with only SS members, i e-  <Hiiro*- .SIIS.000 for (he same purpose. It  pays 81."��.0O(> for mileage when prob.'ibly  not more I han half a do/.eu pay I heir fare,  the rest traveling on passes from I he companies. Kneli senator is supposed to cost  the eniuitrv obout yi2.-X.lO per annum.  Extent of the Lake Tralllc.  Few people havo any conception of the  magnitude' of commerce on the Croat  bakes. Meeont statistics in reference to  this subject show that Ihe lake tonnage  in IN'.i:; wa*- |(),(��,().()(Ml tons in excess of the  ('omhiucd entrances and clearances of all  the seaports of the l.'nited Suites and  :j,( 100.000 Ions greater than t he combined  entrance-* and clearances of the ports of  IJveipool and Loudon. Its growth has  been mainly due to I he improvement and  deepening of the connecting rivers, so  I hat vessels of deeper draught and gi eater  tonnage could lie employed.  A Now Paper.  The kites addition to the journali.-ni of  the province is a paper devoted especially  lo the iu I crest.*-of the Knight sot' l'.y thins.  It is published in Victoria and is edited by  .1. F. Mledsoe, formerly connected with  the Nelson .Miner.  9fl  ��.'1**1  If.  |LTJWw,st��������ui-v-j*ii:i!y!'.��,u^!^y j,v r  ���nt'."-r��  Tft  ^ff^^^;/^^^ .jr/vZ-'^S- ^^^L^^TvF^^^A^^^^x^'y'.-j.-? * ^������^���^���^k::-;;'. .^*^^ ��"5?SBtt  THE  TRIBUNE:   NELSON,  B.C., SATURDAY,  JUNE   Hi,   1S9-1,  PUBLISHERS', NOTICE.  THK Till HUNK is puhli-heii on Saturdays, by John  Houston & Co.. and will he mailed to subscribers  on payment of Oxk Doix.vun year. No subscriiition  taken for less than a year.  REGULAR ADVKt'TISlCMKNTS printed at the fol-  lovving rales: One inch, -flit! a year; two inches,  Slit) a year; three iuche- t'SI a year; four inches,  Silli a year; live inche-. ��PJ.J a year; six inches and  over, at, the'rate ot SI.SO an inch per mom ii.  TRANSIENT ADVERTISEMENTS 20 cents a line for  lirst insertion and HI cuius a line for each additional  insertion.    Uirth. 'marriage, and  dealh  notices ivr.c.  LOCAL Olt READING MATTER NOTICES 2a cents a  line each insertion.  .1011 I'RINTING al fair rates. All accounts- for job  lirinting and adverli-ing pu'ahh- on the lir.-t of  isveiv month; .-ubseriptiou, iu advance.  ADDRESS all eoniiiiunicalioii.s lo  TIIK Till HUNK.  Nelson.  H. C.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  D;  LaBAU.  M.D.���Phy.-ieian and Surgeon.    Rooms 3  and  1 .Houston  block.  Nelson.   Telephone  1*2.  LR. HARRISON, U. A.���Barrister at Law. Convey-  ��� aneer, Notary Public, Commissioner for taking AIII-  davits for use in the Courts of Hrilish Columbia, etc.  Olllees���Ward St., between Baker and Vernon, Nelson.  ��lte SteUmttc*  SATURDAY MORNING - -  .JUNK Ki, ISfll  For Member of the Legislative Assembly for the South  Riding of West Koolenay District,  JOHN    FREDERICK   HUME.  PLATFORM  OF  PRINCIPLES.  I In I  ADOPTED   HV   nKI.KUATHS   IN   CONVKXTIO-V   ON   Till'  01-'  Al'ltll.,   ISiJI.  Whereas, the men that upbuilt the Dominion of Canada  wore nol, of one nativity, and if a healthy patriotic  .sentiment is to prevail, and only by the growth^ of  such a sentiment can Ci.iada take a place among English-speaking nations, the responsibilities of government  must he entrusted to men of known capacity, and'iiot to  moil who by accident of birth imagine themselves rulers  by Divine right. Therefore, be it resolved-  First. That we hold as reprehensible the practice of  appointing non-residents lo otlieinl positions in interior  districts., and we maintain that all olllees, where practicable, should he tilled by residents of the district, wherein  the ollicial performs duty.  Second. Special and private legislation not only consumes too great a part ol the timetliatshould be devoted  to the consideration of public measures, but it lends to  practices that tend to lessen conlidunce in the integrity  of the legislative assembly, and through il an insidious  poison is disseminated that'iu time will lind its way  throughout the whole organism of the body politic:  therefore, we favor the enactment of general laws that,  will reduce to a minimum special legislation and do  away with private legislation altogether.  Third. Tho interests of the province wero not  safe-guarded in the agreement between the government  and the Naku-p & Slocan Railway Company, and the  policy of the government in pledging the credit of the  province, in order that speculative companion may profit  thereby, is to be condemned.  Koui-I.ii.. A fur making* provision for the payment of  the running expenses of the government, expenditures  should be conlined solely to the building and betterment  of wagon roads and other works that are for the free use  and henelit of the publie-al.-large. leaving to private enterprise the construction and operation of railways and  all other undertakings for tho use of which the public  are required to pay.  Kifth. The speedy adjustment of the dillereiices between the province and the Dominion, to the end that  the land within the railway belt along the Canadian  Pacific railway he thrown open to settlement under the  land laws of the province; the amendment of the Land  Act so that it will bo an ei|iiil,ahle contract between  the province and the settler, eliminating all discretionary  powers of the chief commissioner uf "lands and works;  also amending it so as to permit the outright purchase of  small tracts in all unsurveyed mountainous districts.  Sixth. The timber lands of the province should be  held in trust for the future needs of its people, and not  handed over, under long leases, to speculative mill owners as a saleable asset.  Seventh. The development of the. mining industry  should not be hampered by legislation that makes the  procurement of..title to surface rights impossible; that  levies unequal'taxation on working miners; and that  makes it ditttcult to compel delinquent co-owners to pay  their share of assessment work: therefore, we favor the  repeal of sections S and la.v of the Mineral Act and a  revision of the sections relating to mining partnerships.  Eighth. The passage of an act whereby wafer rights  for any specilic purpose may be obtained as readily as  such rights are now obtained for mining purposes under  the provisions of the Mineral Act.  Ninth. The establishment of a land registry for Koolenay district.  Tenth. The holding in Koolenay district, of terms of  the county court at short intervals; extending the  power to issue capias to registrars of county courts in  districts iu which there are no resident judges; and the  passage of an act that, will allow the collection of small  debts in courts composed of j ustices of the peace.  Fleveutli. The extortions to which laborers on railway  construction and other works are compelled to -submit,.  through the issuance of time-cheeks, is alike discreditable to the men who.profit by such practices and to the  government that makes no ctl'ort to render such practices  impossible. The issuance of non-tiegoliable time-checks  should be made a punishable offence, and the issuance of  negotiable time-checks should only he allowable under a  law that would -safeguard the rights of the party to whom,  they are issued.  Twelfth. Contractors and sub-contractors on railways  should have a 'means of get! ing speedy redress from un-  jusLclassification and unfair measurement of work by  the appointment-of an ollicial arbitrator who shall be  a practical engineer.  Thirteenth. Tlie government is to he condemned for  the passage of a redistribution act that is not uniform in  its provisions, and by which representation is neither  based on population, voting strength, nor contributed  revenue.  Resolved, that the attention of the government is  called to the necessity of having paid constables so Monod  at points on the International boumlarv line like Ky-  kert's and Waneta.  Resolved, that it is of the-utmost importance that trails  and wagon roads he built to connect all mining camps in  West Kootenay with transportation routes that are open  the year round.  Resolved, that the nominee of this convention be required to pledge himself to do his utmost to carry out tho  views expressed in the resolutions adopted by this con volition, and that each delegate to this convention make  every effort to secure the election of the nominee of the  convention.  Resolved, that the lands embraced within railway  grants should he immediately surveyed, in order that  they be open to sett lenient.  Resolved, that the people living in the valley of Kootenay river between the lakennd llie International bound-  dary line and those living in Fire Valley on flic west side  of Lower Arrow lake are justly entitled'to mail facilities,  and that we deem it a duty to urge that postollices be  established at Rykert's .custom-house and at a central  point in Fire Valley.  private nature have been periodically received by supporters of tlie government  from the promoters of this railway���who  are not .promoters, but speculators of the  worst type���the contents of which the recipients are never at liberty to reveal  with, tho exception of, the words quoted  above, "work of construction will very  shortly begin."  Nob long ago delegates to the numberof  seven were sent from Kaslo to Victoria  by request of one of the promoters of the  above railway, and whose expenses wore  paid by the residents of the town they  represented, for the purpose of urging  upon the government tho necessity of the  immediate construction of that railway.  (.!. O. Hitchanan was spokesman. Telegrams of the most satisfactory nature,  signed by different members of this ooin-  inilfee, wero received at Kaslo during  their stay at Victoria, one of which contained the following: "All desires granted;  work of construction to bo begun forthwith." All this means tho same thing;  premier Davie, by bland persuasion, hoodwinked his supporters, while they in turn  try to hoodwink the people. If all this  does not mean election dodges, pure and  simple, why is it all tlie profuse promises  made and all the assuring letters are to  loyal supporters of the government? If  the last of Air. Buchanan's "assuring  letters" is bona fide, why not publish it in  full; or, better still, at his next "large  and enthusiastic" political meeting let  him, for the benefit of those who are not  in the confidence of the government, give  the date of the beginning of work oi' construction on tho Kaslo 6c Slocan railway.  What a pity if the present Hoods should  prevent premier Davie from making his  proposed visit to West lvootenay.    Very  few  voters in  the south riding have had  the pleasure of listening to his "convincing arguments."   As the leading supporters of  tho government  realize  they are  daily losing strength in 'West Kootenay,  they naturally look upon premier Davie's  visit as a grand rallying of forces���a veritable potlach���as he will be expected to  induce  all  recent deserters  to return to  the ranks.    Fov months tlie press of the  province that countenance peculation and  malversation   in  public officials has contained   little else than fulsome praise of  the man who dictates our policy, anil the  people  here are  not a  little anxious to  meet this  latter-day disciple of  purity.  According to tho subsidized organs of. the  party in power, the premier is  never at  his best  until "thoroughly aroused."   Ii'  he visits us we shall no doubt see him at  his best.    Many queer things have..happened in West Kootenay under the reign  of premier Davie, and questions he may  be obliged to answer will, in our opinion,  tax to the utmost all the diplomatic power  .possessed    by   a   statesman  of   premier  Davie's ability.'  AVi-tV all  this talk  by  professed Christians   of   the   demoralizing   influence   of  Sunday   base ball? We are  very much  mistaken  if it is the ditty of any Christian .man  or   woman   to   interfere  with  harmless Sunday "amusements/- Al misters  of the different religious sects, as well as  their respective  members,, who are  forever parading before   the  public the depraved conditions of their fellow beings,  anil constantly interfering  with the acknowledged rights of others, possess, in  our humble opinion,   very little of  that  which goes toward making a good Christian.   This old-time idea of compulsory  church attendance, and-strict attention to  nothing but religious works on  the first  day of the week, is fast disappearing,    ft  is a pretty -safe gamble that the man who  plays base ball, or even remains at home  and reads the morning newspaper on Sun-.  ���-lay, is a better all-round citizen than he  who spends  the   day   within  the consecrated walls of a church.  reach is wonderful and the lightest breath  of wind will take if up. A hundred and  fifty or two hundred yards of strong sewing thread wound on a skeleton reel of  four inches in diameter and eight inches  ,in length, completes the equipment.  Then, having.started tho kite by a process  of gentle playing, you squat down in the  middle of the street so as to keep your  thread clear of the houses and let the kite  help itself. If you have fastened the  thread with cunning, the kite rises almost  perpendicularly, bringing you joy in the  envy and admiration of chose who cannot  make a steeper angle than forty degrees.  The kite having taken out all the thread,  you sit aud contemplate it poised still and  clear in the upper air for a few hours. In  Itaugoon on a still morning or evening,  hundred.-* of kites float over the Burniose  quarter of the town, some nearly out of  of.sight, others hovering just above the  roofs. When driving, your eyes has frequently to hallow out oi' the way a middle-  aged man who is backing slowly down in  mid-street coaxing his kite up. lie goes  about the business with a ponderous solemnity that r-iis.es it to the dignity of a  science.   She   Only Wanted to Know.  An old lady in Oglethorpe county.  Georgia, boarded the northbound H,. <fc I).  train. At,every station she funneled her  hand to her ear and screamed out to the  conductor:  "Is this Tocco-ie?"  Annoyed by her persistent querry, the  conductor said:    ���  "Madam, when we get to Toccoa I will  let you know."  Presently a party of picniccrs got  aboard, and the conductor, in the confusion of getting the ladies all seated,  passeil Toccoa and several other small  stations before his promise to the old  lady recurred to him. Remembering that,  according to a recent ruling of the railroad commissioner of Georgia, the tenure  of his position was jeoparded by such  negligence, he ordered all brakes on. iu\d  at the end of fifteen minutes he had  backed into Toccoa.  "Aladam." he said, reaching out for the  old lady's bandbox and green cotton umbrella, "this is Toccoa."  The train was already half an hour late  and his accent was impatient.  "Thankee, sir, thankee," (reaching and  fumbling down into her green reticule,  anil finally fetching out a. little round  box), "my sis Sue told me I mustn't forgit  to take my pill when I got at Tocco-ie."  Birds of a Feather.  height little boys got on a Niagara street  , ear at the corner of Vermont street Buffalo, not many days ago. They had been  out to St. Alary"s to rehearse something or  other (they were choir boys) and they  were on their way to St. Paul's. The women in the car talked to them anil asked  them all sorts of questions. They all  talked willingly except one little fellow,  who was as black as coal, anil who seemed  to be the butt of the other seven.  "So you all sing:-" asked one of the women.  "Yep," answered three of the boys at  the same time.  "Then you are regular little blackbirds."  "On, no, ma'am. Blackbirds don't do  nothing but chirp.    I'm a canary."  "An' I'm a mockin' bird," said another;  and each boy told what kind of a bird he  was until the eighth one. the butt before  mentioned, was'theonly one who had said  nothing.  "And what kind of a. bird are you, my  little fellow?" asked the woman.  "'.Deed, ma'am," lie answered, "1 specs  I must be a chicken,  so off tin.  DEDICATED   TO   GEORGE   ARTHUR.  Showing That the Umpire "Would Have Met  His Fate Anyhow.  Last year there was an item in a Now  York paper to the effect that the manager of a. club took the pitcher into a room  after the game of ball was over and  severely punished him for his mistakes.  The pitcher is not the only sulferer. The  umpire suIters at the hands of both sides.  The pool' umpire is out on the ball  ground. There is a limp in his gait, and  lie carries a cane, lie is an old vet, and  he played aright lively game before ho  was wounded. Tito ball struck him on  the kneecap, and when he was discharged  front ihe hospital he was placed on the  retired list.  ���" What are you doing now?"  The man at the bat made three strikes,  and the catcher  has thrown   the   ball   to  lirst base.  ���" Is the man out?"  ���"Some says he is. and some say he isn't."  " What does tho umpire say?"  ������Ilelias not   had   a chance to say anything yet on account of tho uproar."  ���" Why do the two nines gathersoclosely  around the umpire?    lie ought to have a  little fresh air."  '"They are going to bulldoze him.''  "Mas he rendered a decision yet?"  "Yes. ho has pronounced the niaii out."  " Who struck the umpire?"  "The shortstop."  "Who is that man kicking the umpire  on his game log?"  "That is the man whom he declared  out."  '"It is a shame to kick, strike and abuse  a lame man."  ���"True, but look at the third baseman,  who is creeping up behind him with a  club in his hand."  " What is ho going to do?"  ���"lie finds that it is necessary to kill the  umpire to stifle further discussion."  "Has he struck him yet?"  "No. he has not hit him on the back of  tho head, because the umpire has just re-  vorsod lus decision."  "Gone back on what lie said in the first  place. "  "Yes; he now says the man is not out."  "Who fired that'shot?"  "The left fielder of the other club."  "Who is he shooting at?"  "The umpire."  "Why?"  "Because the umpire reversed his decision."  "Why, they have killed the umpire for  going buck on his lirst judgment."  " ^ os. but what is the difference? Me  would have boon killed anyway by the  club on the other side. It is six to una  and half a dozen to the other, and an umpire might as well die for an old sheep as  a lamb."  I gets it in the neck  LETTER   OF   ACCEPTANCE.  Xixson. April 17th. I8III.  To tiik Cii.viioi.vN ,vni> Si:ci:i..t.vuv ru-< tiii-: Soi-rn  Kootknav Convention Gentlemen: I herewith accept the nomination for iiiciiilicr of tlie legislative assembly tendered me Iiy the delegates assembled in convention at Nelson on the llth instant ; and if elected I  will use my hc.-l endeavor.-; to curry out the principles of  the platform adopted l>y lhe convention, believing Ihcin  to he in the interest of all I hose who favor good government. Thanking you and the delegates for the honor  conferred, I am respectfully yours.  .1. KRKD. HUME.  It. K. (.iicKK.v, Ks(|., chairman.  J. A. Tritxi'.u, secretary.  PROMISES   COME   EASY.  Last week's issue of Tiik TiuiHrXK contained an  editorial  to the ell'ect that  it  was rumored G. O. Buchanan had a letter  in his possession  from one of the promoters of the Kaslo 6c Slocan  Railway Company, in which it was stated work would  not be commenced on  that railway this  year.     This  issue contains a letter from  Air. Buchanan in which he notes that such  is  not the case,  but, to  the contrary, he  possesses it letter of a   recent date from  one of the directors of the above company  Avhieh states "that the work of construction   on that railway would very shortly  begin."    We hope this is true; but to the  average person it sounds like an election  cry,  and  a  vitvy  old  one at   that.    The  people of Kaslo and the Slocan   country  .have been listening to this sort of babble  for the past two years.    Letters of a vvfy  With commendable promptness government agent Goepel visited the scene  of disaster at Kaslo, anil contributed $;*)00  on behalf of the government to be used  in relieving the destitute. Me also placed  several gangs of men at work clearing  it way fallen timber and otherwise repairing the wagon road. If the government  possessed a few more officials of the stamp  of Air. Goepel there would be less room  for dissatisfaction. Government officials  in all departments should possess sufficient self-reliance to act upon matters of  importance instead of awaiting instructions from Victoria. What the people of  Kaslo needed was what they received ���  money and work, and not telegrams of  condolence.  Kite-Flying in Burmah.  The Burmese are by all accounts an indolent people. One traveler goes so far  as to say that one days' work and four  days'rest is their idea of industry. The  same traveller, Air. K. D. Cuming, author  of, " In the Shadow of the Pagoda," describes fhein as much given to kite-flying,  an ainiiseincnt which they continue toon-  joy with ti minimum of bodily exertion.  Their met hod of operations is very simple.  Air. ('tuning thus describes it: You paie  down two twelve-inch slips of bamboo,  tie them at their centers crosswise, run a  thread round one thickness of paper, tie  a nail or a small screw-nut to one corne.i  and your kite is made. The altitude  whicli a well-made kite of this kind will  Willing to Furnish  Either.  In one of the country churches near  Toronto the curate had to give out two  notices, the first of which was about baptism, and the latter referred to a new  hymn book. Owing to an accident he reversed the order and read as follows:   >  "I am requested to announce that the  new hymn book will be used for the first-  time in this church on Sunday next, and I  am also requested to call attention to the  delay which often takes place in bringing  children to be baptized. They should bo  brought on the earliest day. This is particularly -impressed on mothers who have  infants."  "And for the information of those avIio  have none," added the rector, in gentle,  kindly tones, and who, being -slightly  deaf, had not heard what had been previously said, "and for the information of  those who have none I may state, if  wished, they can be obtained on application in the vestry immediately "after service toda v���limp ones, fit) cents each : with  stiff backs. $l.r-0."  Curious Questions.  Ill London they have an institution  known its the "Universal Information  Bureau," and the following are a few of  the odd questions they have been asked  to answer:  What is the du^^cii of relationship between Air. Gladstone and Cain and Abel?  I'jxplain the origin of evil.  Who made the lirst shirt?  What was the name of Pontius Pilate's  washerwoman?  Mixed.  A Alorinon, whose three wives were  blown to atoms iu a powder explosion, inscribed the following lines upon a board  set up at the single grave in which the remains of all three were buried:  Strung'!'", pause mid shed n I car,  for Mary Ann lies huried here:  Mixed in some mysterious manner  With Nancy Jam; and prohahly lliinner.  The Black Hole Massacre.  The massacre of the Black hole of Calcutta was perpetrated in IS.K5, after the  taking of that city by the .Janissaries of  Siirajah Dowlah, sitbahdar of Bengal.  Nearly l"i() Knglish prisoners were driven  into a'dungeon so small and stilling as to  be totally unlit to receive one occupant in  such a elimate as that of India. All but  2'i perished before morning.  Age  and Pauperism in England.  Some remarkable .facts as to the amount  of pauperism.in old  age  which  exists in  .Knglaud "anil  Wales   have  been   brought  out iu the general search for information  bearing oil the project to pension old people, which is  now  actively  engaging the  attention   of the British  parliament and  being earnestly'discussed by the British  public.     It   is   shown   that   there   is an  astonishing and   pitiful   increase in  the  percentage of pauperism from  the age of  Go to 75.    Of people  between   the ages of  (SO. and   05  years about   10   per  cent are  paupers,  that is, ttre  in   receipt  of some  measure of government relief.    Of people  between (wand 70, 20 percent are paupers,',  and there is an  increase of about  10 per  cent for each additional live years of ttge  up   to   the age  of SO years.    Thirty  per  cent of the people between 70 and 7;"> years  of age are .paupers, while of people more  than 7:1 years  old  the percentage  is not  much under  forty.-   The  term   old age is  understood asnpplying to people OH years  old  or. over.    The census of  1801  shows  (50(5.50.') men and 705,017 women as coming  under  this definition.    Of  these-' no  less  than ^50,202 men and 455,283 women lived  in districts where from 20 to SO per cent of  the'old people were  receiving some measure   of   government   relief.    Of  the remainder  112,005 men  and   144,2SS   women  lived under  better and   185,208 men  and  100,001   women under worse conditions of  percentage of pauperism.    The  high test  rate of pauperism  in old age is iu the district of St.   Saviour's,   Southwark,   London, where 81 per cent of  the  old  people  are  receiving  public  charity.    The total  number of old people throughout lOngland  and Wales  who were in   receipt oi some  measure of government relief dm ing the  year ending on Lady Day,  1802, was -101.-  001 anil 114.111  of these were in   the poor-  houses.     The    proportion   of  pauperism  among the aged  is greatest in  the eastern  counties and smallest in the north.    It is  not  shown   whether   old  age   pauperism  has   increased or decreased of late years,  but except in London, there was some improvement   tt-s   to   the   total   amount   of  pauperism throughout the country from  1881 to  1801.    During   1802 and  180S   there  was   a   general    increase    in    pauperism.  The percentage   of paupers   is smaller iu  London than elsewhere iu the country.  The Terror of Java.  The  animal   most   dreaded   in  Java is  neither the wildcat nor the black leopard,  nor  even   the   rhinoceros,   nor  the   royal  tiger, all of which are to be found there;  but,   strange as   it  may appear, ji  little  creature no larger than a common squirrel,  which   is  called  Iiy the  natives nialniag,  and   by Lnglish speaking people the tar-  sitts.    It is, indeed, a weird, strange animal, and is regarded with so much dread  by  the superstitious .Javanese  that  they  will   abandon  a   place  altogether   rather  than live in its neighborhood.    As it suddenly appears at dusk   moving noiselessly  about, showing   its  queer  face  amid  the  leaves  of  some   tree,   and  peering  down  upon an intruder with its immense, staring yellow eyes,  if is  a   most  unearthly  looking animal,   reminding one   more of  the gnomes and imps of fable than of any  creature of Mesh  and  blood.    It   makes a  snug little home under the  roofs  of  (he  giant  bamboo canes of .Java,  where the  husband  and  wife,  who  are   never   far  apart, bring up their queer little families.  They are very dainty animals and always  make sure that their food is fresh and  good by killing it themselves; they will  touch nothing that has been partly eaten.  They live upon small lizards, of which  they are very fond, but will "out shrimps  and insects if nothing better is to be had.  They nevcr'drink a second tinto from the  same water. The tarsius seldom makes  any noise, but sometimes gives a single  sharp, shrill cry. which it does not repeat.  During the day it is always fust asleep,  but at'night appears quite lively, springing about and climbing everywhere. It  is easily tamed anil is very gun tie, loves  to be caressed and potted, and in turn it-  licks the liand and faee'and creeps about  the person of its owner. When it stranger  draws near its cage, it tries at first to  stare him out of countenance by fixing its  great owl-like eyes upon his, ttnil never  winking or moving them away. Hit does  not answer and tlie intruder continues to  draw near, the tarsius will draw up its  lips aud show a set of beautiful, regular  sharp teeth, but it never bites. It laps  water like a .dog or cat, but much more,  slowly, and it eats a great deal for so  small au animal. It has a. great aversion  to light and loves the darkest corner,  where it will sit up like a squirrel and  hold its food a longtime in its foropaws  before eating it. Some animals have  swiftness, some have strength,some cunning and others are elad iu coats of bony  mail to protect them from their enemies;  hut the only defense with which the tarsius is endowed, and it seems to be effectual, is its strange, weird appearance and  staring eyes.   Lover's Rock.  "Conic, my child!"  It was Boiling Thunder, head chief of  the Six Nations, who spoke, anilhis words  wore addressed to Sparkling Vichy  Water, his only daughter and Lho handsomest of all dusky maidens.  "Altist I do it father?" she asked as she  rose up and took his hand.  '���Vouuiust. The white man will come  hero after us and look for history. Yes,  you must leap from Lover's Hock and bo  dashed to pieces."  "It hurts to be dashed," murmured the  maiden as they walked toward the rock.  "Yos, I know, but you must sacrifice  yourself. Within a few years Lhe white  'man's steamboat will be plowing these  waters, and it is positively necussary that  the captain may point to this rock and  say to his gaping passengers, " Behold,  the spot where the beautiful Sparkling  Vichy Water leaped to her death because  her father wouldn't let her marry Too-  geo-ho. the mighty racoon slayer."  "But you don't oppose it, father,"  "Of course not, but you must, leap just  the same. Twenty years hence'there will  be a summer hotel down there by the  mineral spring. What sort of n paying  institution would it bo without a Lovers'  Rock, and a, tale of sorrow?"  ���"Couldn't-Ave lie about it, father? Ii'  the white man gets the legend, he won't  care whether it is true or false, will he?"  "Of course he will. Tlie white .man  wants the solid truth about these things.  You can't charge a guest $4 per day at a  summer hotel unless your legends are  straighter than a string. My child, spread  your wings."  ������'���.But wouldn't it be more interesting if  you were to jump? You are such a big  Injun, you know, and have taken so many  -scalps and fought"   Boiling Thunder sprang forward and  seized her and did just what any right  minded Indian father would have done  under the circumstances���hurled' her to  her death-and laid the foundation for the  summer hotel to boom. She was fatally  injured. She died. There are just 580  places from which she was hurled, and if  you don't fancy one you have 570 others  to pick from. :  Superstition.  A gentleman avIio had been dining at a  restaurant, anil who often ordered a dozen  oysters, counted them one day and found  but eleven. Still another day he counted  them, with the same result. Then he said  to the waiter:-  "Why tlo you give me only eleven oysters when I order a do/.en?"  "Oh, sir," answered the Avaiter, "I didn't  think you'd want to be sottiu thirteen at  table, sir!"   Harmony.  Mother���Johnny, you niusn't jilay with  little Callihan so much. He is not a fit  associate for you.  Johnny (wearily)���I have to, ma, or he'll  throw his influence against me when we  elect a captain for our ball nine, anil I  can't afford to lose the Irish vote,  C. & K. S. N. Co. (Ltd.)  TIME   TABLE   NO. 3.  Jn effect Tuesday, May I, ISill.  Revelstoke  Route���Steamer Columbia.  Connect in-,' with  the  Canadian  I'acilic Railway (nniiii  line) for all points oast, and west.  Leaves Revclsloko on '1 uesdays mid Fridays at. I a. in.  Leaves Kobson on Wednesdays and Saturdays al, S p.m.  Northport Route���Steamer Columbia. .  CoiineetiiiK at Northport for jxiints nurlli mid soulh on  the Spol-ane Falls & Northern Railway.  Loaves liolison Wednesdays and -Saturdays at f> a. in.  Leaves Northport Wednesdays and Satnnlnys at 1 p. in.  Kaslo Route���Steamer Nelson.  Connecting with Nelson  &   Fort. Shoppanl Railway for  for Spokane and all points east, imd west.  Leaves Nelson for Kaslo���     Leaves Kaslo for Nelson���  Tuesdays al. il a. in. Sundays at S a. in.  Wednesdays al ;"):!() p. in.       Wednesdays al 2:'M a. in.  1 l(''iiiiii'i-Mii<,'��tili N. * 1". S. iniIii)  Fridays at!) a. in. 'I'hur-days at 8 a. in.  Saturdays ul ;"i:l(l p. m. Saturdays at "2::itJ a. in.  |C'ii "111111 with N. A- 1'". S. iniln)  Bonner's Ferry Route���Steamer Spokane.  ConiieefiiiK wilh Great Northern railway for all eastern points, Spokane and the lliiast.  Leaves Kaslo al II a. in. and Nelson ut7:l.ia. in. on Tuesdays and  Fridays:  heaves Honner's Ferry at "_' a. in. on Wednesdays and  .Saturdays.    The company reserves the ri^hl. lucliuiigu this schedule  at any lime without, notice.  For full information, as lo fickcls, rales, etc/apply at  the company's ollice. Nelson. II. O.  T. ALLAN, Secretary.        J. W. TliOUl', Manager.  Spokane Falls & Northern Railway,  Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway.  All Rail to Spokane, Washington.  Leave 7 A.JI.  ... N E LSON A rri vc ��: 10 V. 11.  CoiiiinenciiiK January Sth, ISill. on Tuesdays and Fridays trains will run through to Spokane, arriving there  at iit'ill I*. M. same day. lioturnint' will leave Spokane  at 7 A. SI. uu Wednesdays and Saturdays, arriving at  Nelson a I, .'>:IU 1\ SI., making close connections with  steamer Nelson for all Kootenay lake points. ,  TO    THE  Electors of the South Riding  OF WEST KOOTENAY.  Gionti.ksikn: Having been requested at  a. large and influential meeting of the  electors of Nelson, and also by a requisition signed by a large number of the  citizens of Kaslo, to stand as a can-  diilate in the Government inteiest at  the forthcoming Provincial Election, I  desire to signify my acceptance of the  nomination and to thank those who  have proffered me the honor. To them  and to the electors generally 1 wish to  say that, if elected, I will give careful  attention to all matters coming within  the sphere of legislation and to the best  of my ability protect anil promote the  interests of'the.district and tlie province.  I am, gentlemen, very respectfully yours,  G. O.-BUCHANAN.".  WILLIAM PERDUE  arkets  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steam  hoats with fresh meats, and deliver -same at any mine  or landing in   the   Kootenay Lake country.  Kept Away.  "How   was  it,   brother Johusing,   you  warn't at the church donation party last  'night?"  '���Tough luck, brother Lansinir, tough  luck. I was all dressed and reiuly when  I found that onery boy, Josh, of mine had  nicked my party ra/z/er."  NELSON Office and Market, 11 East Baker St.  KASLO MARKET, Fourth Street.  MEAT MARKETS.  WILSON   & BURNS  (Successors to Hums. Slelnncs & Co.)  .- Wholesale anil retail dealers in stock and dressed  meats. Are prepared to furnish in any ipiantity  beef, pork, mutton, veal, bacon, and ham, at the  lowest possible prices.  Nelson, Kaslo, and Three Forks  ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.  Kootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Henclryx Street, Nelson.  NOTICE.  The undersigned, owners of the  townsite of Four Mile City, now called  Silverton, have made arrangements  for the completion of the survey of  the townsite, in order -that a map of  the same can be filed for registration  in the land registry office at Victoria.  As soon as the survey is completed,  deeds will be given to all lot purchasers on their making final payments. J. FRED HUME,  WILLIAM HUNTER,  Nelson,  B.C., May 23rd, 1894.  A full stock of lumber rough and dressed. Shingles,  laths, sash, doors, mouldings, elc. Three carloads dry,  clear III" Ilooring and ceiling for sale at lowest rates.  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  NELSON STEAM  SASH AND DOOR FACTORY  SASH. DOORS. AND WINDOW .KKAMKS  MAUIC TO OKDKIt.  Estimates Given on Building Supplies.  TURNING, SURFACING, AND MATCHING.  Orders from any town iu the Kootenay Lake country  promptly attended to.   General jobbing of all kinds.  RICHARD STUCKEY, Proprietor.  John Al. Kkei-'uk.  Ja.mks W. Skalk.  KEEPER  ft' SEALE  TEAMSTERS.  Job teaming done.   Have several hundred cords of good  wood, which will be sold at reasonable prices.  LIS A VIS    OKI) KKS    AT  J.  F.  Hume   &   Oo.'s,   Vernon   Street,   Nelson,  POR   SALE   OR   LEASE^  FOR -SAI.K OR I.KASK-Good hotel, iu one of tho best  parts of Nelson. Size, .'17 by TO feet: two Htories; 21  hud-rooms. Kurnlsliod throughout. Ready for immediate occupation. A first-class chance for the right 'icrsnn.  Apply to Duncan McDonald, Kaslo, 11. (.!.; or to C. number, West linker street, Nelson, II. C.  B$-ai  mm  Uuif- -.\-t.  ! \Hl ' ���  I .'i-w.'   ������   .,  ���������.���- F^.,*^~i~^a^**m!iU'*ji>/ui.iricx��*<  THE  TRIBUNE:   NELSON,B. C, SATURDAY, JUNE  10,  1894.  o  o  New Denver, situated as it is at the mouth of Carpenter Creek, on the east side of Sloean Lake, is within easy reach  of every mine in the great Sloean Mining" Division of West Kootenay District, and, notwithstanding1 all reports to the  contrary, is the only town so situated. It is one, of the few townsites in West Kootenay whose owners can give absolute title to lots. Business men, mining' men, miners, and prospectors, desiring1 either sites for stores, offices, or  residences, will be liberally dealt with.    Prices range from $25   for residence lots to $500 for business   lots.    Apply  to  o  envoi*  Capital,  Rest,  all paid  up,     -  Sir DONALD A. SMITH,:....  Hon. GEO. A. DRUM MONO,  K.  S. CL0UST0N   $12,000,000  6,000,000   President   Vice-President   General Manager  isriELSonsr BiR-A-iisroBC  N. W. Cop. Baker and Stanley Streets.       HKANCIIliS  IX       LONDON   (En��-lancl).   NEW  YORK,   CHICAGO,  and iu the principal cities in Canada.  Uuy and sell Sterling Exchange and Cable Transfers.  (.'KANT COSIMKUCIAI.  AND TKAVKM.tiltS' Cltl-'JHTS,  available iu any part of the world.  nitAKTS issuun; col.-ixtions .maim:; etc.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  RATE OE INTEREST (at present) *U Per Cent.  PREACHER   PAIR.  ' "He Wasn't One of Yer Stuck-Up, Kid-Gloved  Kind o' Fellers."  The okl-time'-19-ers' fainj) at the California Midwinter Kair is proving one of  the very best attractions of the exposition, livery day at the camp is gotten  out a newspaper after the .old-pioneer  style, which is very interesting. A'recent  issue had this article on ex-senator Fair.  Time brings about some odd changes in  the personelle of men.  Many people have imagined that out  allusions to ex-senator Fair's early Christianity wore facetiously made.  Such is not the case, however, as the  following by the Grass Valley Tidings of  January 2It'll. l��Sn��, and written,by Jiul'u*  Shoemaker, bears us out in our statement  that at one period of his life the senator  was a student of divinity and an active  and earnest worker in the vineyard interests of the Lord.  Here is the story from Shoemaker's own  pen:  ���'1 tell yer, fellers," said old Gurnsey,  squaring himself for a big talk, once he  found he was going to have things his  owmvay; "I tell yer fellers, I us'ter know  a preacher what us'ter ride on a circle  over in Galcferney in '52 as was named  Jim Fair, an' he was a roarer, you jist bet!  "He wasn't one of yer stuck-up, kid-  gloved kind, as would be afraid they'd  dirty their hands by givin' the flipper of  a miner the grip! No, he'd take hold of  yer paw like a wolf trap.  "He wasn't one of them kind as goes a  prospectin' about, with noses in the air,  a-smellin' roast chicken an hotbiskit-s a-  far off! Not at all! He was a God-fearin'  man, an' beans was the highest ambition  of his meek an' lowly bowels.  "He wasn't one of yer k.voters iu sheep's  clothin' what goes a sneakin'about among  tlie ewes of his Hock, niakin' more Heecher  scandals in one week than yer could wash  out in six months by pipin' inter 'em with  the biggest hydraulic in' the mountains!  No! that wasn't his style. He walked upright before the Lord, an' was as happy  as the day was long.  "He wasn't one of yer high eddicated  rose-water, butter-mouthed sort ��� Fn'iv  wasn't. He had the gift nateral���right  from the Lord���and when he iinbottoned  his shirt collar an' began to talk in dead  earnest, it made a feller think of a string  of boulders thunderiif down a ground  since under a big head of water.  "Fair wasn't one of those new-fangled  sort of preachers who stands up before  yer Sunday after Sunday, never showin'  up the color of the word o' God nor givin'  yer a single mouthful of the bread of life.  Not a bit of it. He'd drifted and creviced  all through the Bible, panin' outchi-spas  and scores of great nuggets of gold. With  these he was loaded to the mu/./Je, an'  when turned loose an' began to fire scrip-  tur' into the aujenco, he might'er been  called the mountain howitzer of God.  "Fair was full of spirit, an' when he  went forth to labor in the Lord's diggin's  he allurs ment business. He wasn't one  of them kind of prayers whose prayin' is  jist a little sneakin'drizzle that only wets  the earth here an' there, washiif away  none of the dust of iniquity, never causing  a single seed of good to sprout or raisin'  up the droopin' head of a single wilted  plant! No. The prayer of the man was  like a cloud-bust on a mountain; it swept  down through the dark canyons of sin  and sent all the miners therein end over  end down the tail-flumes of the devil, till  they was glad to grab the first branch of  tlie'tree of life that hung iu reach and  haul theirselves ashore, high and dry on  the rock of ages.  "Fair wasn't one of yer stuck up kind  of laborers in the vineyard as couldn't  preach   without a morocco-bound, gold-  clasp scriptur' and a pulpit as grand as  the gates of the New Jersalem. Not a bit  of it! Why, fellers, he'd jist haul his  little, old, greasy |>ack of loose leaves of  his Bible out of his pocket, shuffie it up,  give a cut, deal out a text and then jist  hammer h���I's bells out'n all tlie sinners  on Sucker flat.  "That was a preacher fer yer, an' we  shall never look on his like again! Fill up  yer glasses, fellers; let's all drink to him,  with the hope that some day he (will be  plunkin' a harp with the angels on the  other side of Jordan."  S. R. Crockett, the  Scottish Author.  Samuel Rutherford  Crockett,   who has  suddenly leaped into fame by the publication of "The Stickit Minister" and "The  Raiders,"   was  born  at the little  farmhouse   of   Duchrea,    Kirkcudbrightshire,  Scotland, somewhere about the end of the  year   IHiii).    From   the  farm   the   future  author of "The Haiders" went to the little  school at Laurieston, at which, tradition  says, he  was  a somewhat irregular and  ii'tiant-playing scholar.   About  LSG8 Mr.  Crockett's family had to leave the farm  and go to Castle-Douglas to  reside  in a  little white house in  a side street, which  they occupy" to this day.   There was an  excellent school at Castle-Douglas at that  time, called the Free Church  Institution.  The master was one to whom many have  professed great obligations���the late John  Cowper, who died some years ago as lecturer on hhiglisn at Moray House, Normal  college,   in Hklinburg.    Mr. Crockett was  pupil-, eacbor in this school for some years,  teaching privately as well as in the evening in   the houses  of  tlie burgesses.    In  LS7(i Mr. Crockett went  to Fdinburg university, having obtained a good bursary.  He was then   hardly sixteen,  and  he-remained  there for some years.    He then  went abroad to travel, first with one pupil  and then with another, in time taking in  the whole of-.Europe, with parts of North  Africa and  Asia.    During tlie  whole of  this time, from .1885 onward, Mr. Crockett  wrote verses on all  subjects,   which  appeared   duly   iu   various Scotch  papers.  Most of these were collected into a volume  of verse issued by Messrs. Keegan, Paul,  Trench 6c Co., under the title of "Dulce  Cor,  the poems of Ford Bereton."   This  book bore date 188(5, but was really ready  a   year   before.     A    very   scarce    little  pamphlet was also  published   by  David  Douglas of Edinburg, but apparently no  copies were ever sold.    Mr. Crockett went  to Penicuik   in   1880,   immediately after  completing his theological course, and has  remained minister of that little  hillside  village ever since.    In 1887 he married the  daughter   of   George Milner,   author  of  "Country Pleasures*' and "Studies on the  Coast of Arran."   The "Stickit Minister"  was begun casually  in 1891 (previous  to  whicli the author had written no prose),  finished in 1.892, and published  in  March,  1893.    It has since gone through six editions.    "The Haiders"  was written from  old Galloway traditions, and most of the  incidents are perfectly true.  Enormous American Fortunes.  A writer in Chamber's Journal says: By  a calculation made a year or two ago by  an American statistician, it seems that  seventy citizens of the United States possessed among them an aggregate wealth  of $2,700,000,000. That gives an average  of about $,'37,500,000 apiece. To come to  particulars: There was one estate���we refrain here from mentioning names���returned as worth no less than $I50,(XK).(XM).  There were five individuals valued at  $100,000,000; one valued at $70,000,000;  two valued at $('0,000,000; six valued at  $50,000,000; six valued at $10,000,000; four  valued at $35,00O,(MK): thirteen valued at  $:3().<)00,000; ten valued at $25,(K)0.000; four  valued at $22,500,000. and fifteen at $20,-  000,000. The brain reels before such  iigures. They express measures of wealth  whicli the ordinary mortal is powerless to  grasp. Besides these seventy colossal  fortunes there are fifty other persons in.  the northern states alone who valued at  over $10,(X)0,000 each, thirty of them being  valued in all at $-150,000,000. There were,  some little time ago, published lists of  sixty-three millionaires in Pennsylvania  possessing in the aggregate $:'00,'000,000,  and of sixty persons in three villages near  New York, whose wealth aggregated  $500,000,000. In Boston fifty families pay  taxes on annual incomes of about $1,000,-  000 each. There is nothing to compare  with such individual cases of wealth in  Great Britain. " Baron Rothschild and  lord Overstone each left about $17,500,000;  the late lord Dudley left $20,000,000; the  late duke of Buccleuch, estimated to be  the richest Scotsman, left estates valued  at $''0,000,000. One living English duke is  valued at $50,000,000 and another at $10,-  000,000; but not many names could be  added to these to place against the above  list of American fortunes. In 1881 there  were only 101 persons in the United Kingdom whose incomes from business profits  were returned as over $250,000 a year. In  1880 there were only seventeen estates  which paid probate duty on about $1,250,-  (XX) each.  SOME   FAMILIAR   PHRASES.  ���The stone  that  is  rolling  moss,"    "Nought    venture,  There are numerous phrases which one  hears every day that have been handed  down from one generation to another for  hundreds of years, and in many instances  they can be traced to quaint and curious  origin.  There have been various origins assigned,,  to the phrase "a baker's dozen,"signifying  thirteen, but there is only one that can  be regarded as authentic. Formerly in  London when a small retail dealer bought  bread of the baker, for every dozen loaves  purchased he was given an extra loaf as  his profit, from which circumstance comes  "a baker's dozen."  In  a  volume of essays  written by an  English author, in 1815, there is the story  of a boy who, by the offer of liberal compensation, was induced to turn the grindstone for a man who desired to sharpen  his axe.    The promised compensation was  never paid, and of one who disguises his  own selfish aims, under an appearance of  generosity or disinterestedness, it is remarked, "He has an axe to grind."  ' Dido, queen of Tyre, about seven centuries  before Christ, after her husband-  had  been  put  to death  by her brother,  fled   from   that   city   and   established   a  colony on the north coast of Africa. Having  bargained  with  the  natives  for   as  much land as could be surrounded with a  bull's hide, she cut the hide into narrow  strips, tied  them  together,  and claimed  the  land  that could be surrounded with  the hide thus made.   She was allowed to  have her way: and now, when one plays  a sharp trick, he is said to "cut a dido."  During a battle between the Russians  and Tartars, a private soldier of the  former cried, "Captain, I've caught a Tartar!" "Bring him along," said the ollieer.  "He won't let me?" was the response.  Investigation proved that the captive had  the captor by the arm and would not allow him to move. So "catching a Tartar"  is applied to one who has found an antagonist who is too powerful for him.  Much may be learned of a people from  their sayings and phrases. Many of the  popular phrases of the day have been  handed down from the classics, while  Shakespeare incorporated into his native  language, a vast number of expressions  which have since become household words.  From him we have "The long and short  of it," "What the Dickens!" "As good  luck would have it," "Every why hath its  wherefore," "True as s:eel," "Neither  rhyme nor reason," "Give the devil his  due," and a host of others.  In every-day conversation we hear or  use the phrase," "Adding insult to injury."  How many know that it is first found in  Plnedrus, a Latin writer who lived in the  reign of Tiberius.  ������Conspicuous by his absence" is to be  met in Tacitus; but, though we can name  the author in whose work certain expressions appear for the first time, that does  not prove that he invented it.  "As good as a play" was a favorite expression of Charles IL, who loved to sit in  ihe house of peers and make fun of the  debtites.  A diligent search acquaints us with the  facts that, though "Leave no stone unturned" is met with in Eruipedes, it can  be traced back to an answer of the Delphic Oracle, given to Polycrates when he  sent to ascertain the best means to find a  treasure buried at Platea, by Xerxes's  general, Mardonius.  "Murder will out" belongs to Chaucer.  Our pious writers have had their share  in forming current national phrases.  Thomas A Kemple brought into prominence that painful fact, "Out of sight, out  of mind," em phasing it in a chapter devoted to a description of the hpllowness  of the world and it pleasures. Such an  obvious truth must needs bear reiteration; and we have the same axiom iu  "Congo's Eclogues," 158.'3. Also in a sonnet of lord Brook's we find, "And out of  mind as soon as out of sight." Further  back again, Herdyng, who wrote in 1320,  has a trite proverb whicli embodies the  same thought, "Fer from eze, fer from  hone"���Far from eyes, from heart."  An author of the sixteenth century  (Thomas Tusser), little known, aud less  regarded, is responsible for many an  every day maxim:���"Better late than  never," "It is an ill wind that blows nobody good,'  gathers no  nought win," and several others.  Spenser, of course, takes his share in  forming our idiomatic English. He was  the first to use, "Through thick and thin,"  and "By hook or by crook." The latter  phrase derives its origin from the custom  of certain manors, the tenants being  allowed to take as much underwood as  could be cut wilh a crook, and as much  loose timber as could be collected with a  hook.  Shakespeare took many of his inspirations from Spenser, and no doubt Spenser  borrowed iu his turn from those who had  gone before; and so we go on tracing and  tracing till we get to the ancient classics,  and are forced to come to the conclusion  that human nature now is very like what  Gold in the Ocean.  Ill a recent paper on the subject of gold  in the waters of the ocean, by I'ickard,  the well-known engineer, attention is  called to the fact that, to arrive an approximate estimate as to quantity  in solution, account must be made of  local conditions such as the temperature of the water, etc. According to  results obtained from the careful soundings made by the "Challenger" and  similar scientific expeditions it has  been computed that the ocean has an  average depth of 2500 fathoms and that it,  human nature was then, that the same  words are wanted to express the same  thoughts, and that the evolution of  language is a slowly progressive science.  Old "Enough to be Abolished.'  Trial by jury does not owe its existence  to any positive statute, but has grown up  insensibly, aud has become inextricably  interwoven with  the people's  habits.    It  was at one time generally supposed that  the   Anglo-Saxons   had   introduced that  form of trial in  England,  but investigation has shown conclusively that trial by  jury, as now  known  and  practised,  did  not exist in those times.    In ancient Rome  a criminal trial  was conducted  before a  presiding judge   tind  a  body  of judges,  taken from a particular class, whose duty  it was to determine the fact of the guilt  or innocence of the accused.   Mr. Forsyth  iu his History of Jury Trial says: "Courts  were presided over by a reeve,   who  had  no voice in the decision, and the number  of persons who sat  was  usually  twelve.  The assertions of  parties  were  admitted  as   conclusive  when   supported    by   the  oaths of a certain  number of compurgators.   The testimony of the neighborhood  was appealed to for the purpose of deciding matters of general   concern.    Sworn  witnesses were appointed in each district,  whose duty it was to attest all  bargains  and    transactions,   in    order   that   the.\  might be ready to give evidence in case oi  dispute.    Every care was  taken  that all  dealing between man  and man should be  as open and public as possible.    It was by  a gradual  process  of improvement  that  the precise functions of tlie jury were de-  lined, and it would  bo beyond our limits  to discuss the details of this progress.    It  will suffice to describe  the institution ot  jury trial as it now exists, and  has  for  centuries  existed with little alteration."  Wharton,   a   celebrated  writer   of 'law-,  books,'says:     "During   the  Saxon   heptarchy juries of six Welch and six Anglo-  Saxon   free-men   were appointed  to  try  causes   between   Welch   and Saxon  disputants.   Alfred the Great established in  8(iG juries on their present basis.   Juries  for ihe trial of aliens are, according  to  English law, composed of six Englishmen  and six foreigners.    The   Scottish  juries  consist of fifteen men, and   the  majority  pronounce the  verdict.    In England the  jury consists of twelve men, and the finding of a verdict must be unanimous."  A Horse of Gigantic Proportions.  The Seattle, Washington, Telegraph  says: A freak of nature and world wonder in the shape of a horse drew many of  the curious to a livery stable on South  Third street the other day. This specimen of the equine kind is unquestionably  the tallest in the world. It is, in fact, a  colt, not yet three years old, measuring  the enormous height of 22 hands���7 feet  and 4 inches. In weight this horse wonder tips the scales at 1700 pounds. l'eter,  (that is his-name) is a gelding, and was  foaled in Minnesota in June, 1891. He is  of Norman stock, and a beautiful dapple  gray in color. What is almost as remarkable as his huge proportion is the fact  that his dam and sire were not above the  average size of that breed of horses. Another colt from the same dam and sire, a  year younger than Peter, but proportion-'  ately as large, if not larger, died some  months ago. Peter, as evidenced by his  weight, is a well-proportioned animal.  Mis limbs are clean cut, and the head,  body, and neck of good form. He is, as is  the case with many colts, a little bit  sway-backed, but this imperfection,  horsemen say, will disappear with age.  The hips are a little higher than tlie  highest point of tlieshoulders, from which  the height and measurement is usually  taken. Should the horse grow to maturity, it is not unreasonable to expect that  he will attain fully six inches more iu  height and develop proportionately otherwise, carrying a weight possibly of 3000  pounds. A gelding seldom attains its full  height until seven years old, while mares  generally mature two years younger.  There is nothing on record which equals  the height of the colt in question. Several  years ago, however, there was a horse on  exhibition in Toronto, Canada, which  weighed 2800 pounds, l'eter is physically  sound and healthy. At such an age, growing with the rapidity that he is, he could  not retain much flesh, though he might  be said to be in good trim for work. His  carriage is good and movement far less  clumsy ami awkward than might be expected of an animal of such proportions.  contains -100,000,000 cubic miles of water,  equivalent to 1,837,0.10,272,000 million tons,  which   upon the basis of live milligrams  per ton would represent 10,250 million tons  of gold,     in  striking   contrast  to  these  figures is the statement made by Soetbeer.  Leech, and others,  that the gold  production of the world during the last four centuries��� 1493-1892���has   amounted   to   but  5020 tons, while the present output is estimated at about 200 tons per annum.    It is  an interesting chemical fact that the gold  in  sea   water is  kept  in  solution  as  an  iodine'.    Theamount of free iodine present  in the ocean is  very minute, but a  large  proportion of that element  occurs combined as an iodate of calcium; thus from  the results of his various series of experiments,  Sonstadt found that a cubic mile  of sea water contains about 17,000 tons of  iodate of calcium, or 11,072 tons of iodine.  The iodine which  maintains  the gold   in  solution is obtained from the calcium.  Unknown Iceland.  For those to whom the greatest charm  of travel is the sensation of having got  out into the unknown, Iceland would  seem, from the description given at the  Geographical society lately, to be a country well worth attention. The interior  is perhaps the most truly unexplored part  of Europe, and there is the fascination  for the traveller of the chance of finding  marvellous caverns, volcanoes, and geysers, and,   perhaps,  of stumbling upon a  Runic - inscription so ancient as to be  utterly undecipherable even by the most  expert. On the other hand, the country  oppears to be mostly mud, and where it  is not it is lava, which is almost equally  discouraging, while the trees are of the  most absurdly inadequate size. The climate, everybody agrees, is villainous, and  the inhabitants, though plcasautaud well-  meaning, are so few* and far between that  social intercourse is a matter of the  greatest difficulty. Nevertheless, it must  always be tin interesting country to all  English-speaking people, if only for aulcl���  very, aulcl���-king syne. It was from Iceland that the famous ship went forth  which first, so people-now'believe, discovered America and the land was once  the home of poets and warriors whose  fame was great in England. It is curious  to remember that the greatest of the Icelandic poets, Snorri Sturluson, the poet  of the Younger Edda, recited his verses  in the same language in Norway, Iceland,  Denmark, and in London, and was perfectly understood���at least as far as language went���in them all. Whether the  kindred nation were really Norse of English, that is Frisian, in origin, or whether  they are an offshot of the Teutonic stock  or the Teutons an offshot of them, the  fact remains thata common-tongue which  Iceland retained in its purest form was  spoken and understood by them all. In  the development of the language, the  mythology, and the poetry of the founders of our race, Iceland has had a part  which should;make it interesting to us in  spite of its desolation, its inconveniences,  and its abominable climate.  Scotch Magnanimity.  The Scotch-American publishes the following old joke: Long years ago, in times  so remote that history does not fix the  epoch, a dreadful war was waged by the  king of Scotland. Scottish valor prevailed, and the king, elevated by his success, sent for his minister, lord Alexander.  "Well, Sandy," said he, "is there ne'er a  king we cauna conquer noo?" "Au' it  please your majesty, I ken o'a king that  your majesty cauna vanquish." "An"  who is lie, Sandy?" Lord Alexander reverently looking up. said. "The king o'  heaven." "The king o' whaur. Sandy?"  "The king o' heaven." The Scottish king  did not understand, but, was unwilling to  exhibit any ignorance. "Just gang your  ways, Sandy, and tell flic king <>' heaven  to gie up his dominions or I'll come myself  and ding him oot o' them: an' mind.  Sandy, yedinna. come back to us until ye  hac dune our biddiu'." Lord Alexander  retired much perplexed, but met a priest,  and, re-assured, returned, and presented  himself. "Well, Sandy," said the king,  "hae you seen the king o' heaven, and  what says he to oor' biddin'?" "An' if  pleases your majesty. I hae seen anco' his  accredited ministers." "Wool, an' what  says he?" "lie says your majesty may  e'en hae his kingdom for the askin'o'it."  "Was he sue civil?" said the king, warming to magnanimity. "Just gang your  ways. Sandy, an' tell the king o' heaven  that for his civility the deil a Scotchman  sliall set foot in his kingdom."  t vo  Dark.  The moor of Venice glared ferocious  "Woman," he cried   in  anger,  "I  hi  learned thy sin!"  Dcsdcuiona looked her husband right in  the eye.  "Othella," she answered calmly. "I  might have known yon would be hard to  soot."  She had just time to laugh hoarsely before he smothered her with a pillow*.  00TENAY  HOTEL  Situate on Vernon  Street, Near Josephine.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay.  Its Guests can Obtain  Splendid Views  oi' Both the  Mountains and River.  Axel Johnson, Proprietor  THE ROOMS  ARE CONVKNIKNT AND  COMKOKTAISLK.  THE TABLE  IS  THE   llES'i   IN   THE  .MOUNTAINS.  Special Attention to Miners.  THE BAR IS FIRST-CLASS.  HE MADDEN  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  THE TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE  BAR  is'supplied wrrir thk iiicsT diVands of all  KINDS OF WINKS, LIQUORS. AND CIGARS.  Special Attention to Miners.  ILYER KING  HOTEL  Kxtensive improvements now completed makes  the above hotel one of the best in the city both  for transient, guest* and clay hoarders.  FINEST  WINES,   LIQUORS, AND   CIGARS  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  IN  JOHN JOHNSON, Proprietor.  otel Slocan  KASLO.  only lli-st.-cliisi hotel in  Ka-lo. is now under  management   of  tin;  undersiKiied,   who  will  il tin" bc-t of any in Kootenay.  headquarters of mininj,' men.  Tl  111.  endeavor to make  The   hotel   is   the  K'a-lo, May '.Till. l-S'-ll.  JOHN F. GILL.  tanley House  BAR.  Corner ."-'tanley and Silica streets. N'eNon. Wean  niuiiiiiK the Stanley house bar. and will be filnil lo  our friends anil ari|iiaiutnnecs -.'ive lis a call.  IIAU'SIIN .<i ("KAIIDOCK.  now  have  he Tremont.  East Baker St., Nelson.  Is one of I lie best hotels in Toad  Mountain district, aud  is the headquarters for prospectors and  working   miners.  MALONE    &    TREGILLUS.    Propp.  Nelson   Livery Stable  Passengers and  li'iKpiKe   tran-ferred  to anil   from  railway depot and steamboat landiii','.    FreiKht  hauled and job teaming done.   Stove  wood for sale.  tho  WILLIAM  WILSON PKOPRIKTOK  DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP.  The partnership heretofore c.\i.��tii>K between W. II,  (Jraham and .1. A. Taylor. cloinK business under the llrni  iiatue of (irahain & Tavlor, is from and after this date  (IN-olveil by mutual eon-ent. W. II. (indium assumes  all liabilities, and is alone authorized to collect accounts  due tin: Jute (Inn. W. II. OltAIIAM.  Witness:    W. II. [{i-:i>m��i.vi>. .1. A. TA VLOIt.  Dated at Nelson, Hritlsh Columbia, .May 7th. ISill.  iSSS  mmsmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm  Bi"aig(!iJstjmMiWM^^  MUUMUWMUI'mUU  MIIHMIMmiJIWJIIIIM^UMMU'lj���^ THE  TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, -JUNE  1894*.  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  ������Tom" Ward, who enjoys the reputa-  ' tiou of being an inventor in no small way. has recently  turned his attention to archaeological researches. .Mr.  Ward was fortunate enoughduring the week to pick upa  choice collect on of old tools, recently found on the Duncan river, which are supposed to have been used by the  inhabitants of that section during the gold age.  Three gangs ol* men are now at work on  the ICuslo wagon road clearing away fallen timber and  milking other needed repairs.   .They are  under the gen-  - eral suporiiitenduneo of O. K. Perry, wilh  T.  W.  Gray.  Itobort Covington, and Henry Cody as foremen.  G.  A.   Bigelow. found   time   on   I'Yiclay  to e -ve his flower garden anil menagerie and pay Ivaslo  a visit. He returned with an addition lo his collection of  wonders iu the shape of a "bob-tailed" dog.  Government Agent ('oepel left for New  Denver on Thursday with the intention of putt ing men  al. work on Ihe wagon road between that, place and Three  Forks. The recent high water carried away several of  the bridges and did oilier damage whicli will have to be  repaired before the road can be used.  The setting of the court of assize, which  was advertised for Monday, the tilth, has been indoliiiitoly  postponed.  Cricket and foot ball have been added  to the Held sports during the week. If the grounds were  only a little larger it would not he long until Nelson  could boast of tlie champion lacrosse team iu inland lirit-  ish Columbia.  George C. Tunstall, .Jr., who was quarantined at Trail for three weeks.on account of high  water, returned to Nelson on Tuesday. He reports the  powder market fairly good at that, placc'as about fifty  miners are employed in the dill'erent mines.  ���'Al" Tregillu-s met with a painful accident on Tuesday last while playing foot hall, which  resulted in a-sprained ankle. He has been confined to  his room during the week.  Born, on Saturday morning, to the wife  of .lohn Stewart of the Uuiik of British Columbia, a son.  Wilson 6c Burns expect to open a. meat  market at Nakusp as soon as a supply of cattle can be  obtained.  Genelle Brothers of Nakusp lost nearly  100.000 feet of rough aud dressed liimberduriiigtherecent  high Water.  Fifty-odd passengers and  twenty-sacks  mail were Nelson's consignment on Saturday's train.  Silver closed in New Vork on tlie Llth  instant at IK2.  The   end   of   track on   the   Nakusp  6c  Slocan railway is now about, seven miles from the head  of Slocan lake.  (/ -'-Tlie World" is the neat term used by  The Miner when speaking ol! the defeated team of  cricketers of Friday. We wonder what they would be  termed if the score was reversed?  The following places have been named  as polling places in tlie north riding of West. Kootenay:  Itcvolslokc, Nakusp, Illecillewact. Lardeau. Glacier,  Trail, liobson. Fire valley. Trout creek, Sanderson'.*, hot  springs, Hall's landing. Trout lake. Carne creek, Downie  creek, and French creek, in all 15 polling places against n  given the south riding.  Among the prominent arrivals on Saturday's train were W. A. Hendryx and .1. C. Ilykert and  wife.  "Jerry" Nagle, the veteran prospector  of West Kootenay. who had the misfortune to seriously  injure one of his legs while prospecting in the mountains  last fall, and which has continued to grow worse since  that time, will be obliged to have the limb amputated.  Bishop Sillitoe of New Westminster  died at his home in that city on -lime llth.  Fred  Richardson  of the  linn of  Kich-  ardson & Cuinmings, Nakusp, was a passenger on Saturday's train.  Hurrah for Canada.  While cricket is considered a slow and  uninteresting game by. some people, others  consider it the only one worthy of notice.  A match game on Friday afternoon by  teams representing Cantida and Fngland  brought, forth the greater part of Nelson's  residents, who good naturcdly sat in the  broiling hot sun in order that they might  cheer the victors. The sympathy of the  crowd was as one-sided as the ga,me, both  being overwhelmingly in favor of Canada.  Two of tlie players on Canada's side played  their lirst game of cricket yesterday, but  being old base ball men they escaped with  as lew errors as the average player. Base  ball seems to be a pretty good train ing  even for as scientific a game as cricket.  Owing to the lack of time the last half of  the second inning was not played. Following is the,score:  ENGLAND. 1st Illll  2nd Illll  Jowef.t    '.'      5 0  .Johnson   0 il  Hamber  0 7  Ilirsch ...........:::...'.  :... 0 I  Finucane     0 0  Sproat -..'..���  9 <)  Applewhaite  a 1  St. llarbe -.'   ':..;  0 1  Ctimmings .-....   .   0 1  Fletcher -I 1  Ileathcote     1 1  Byes and Wides.  M 2  Total......  Klliot.  1st Inn  W. Ward ..11  Drown   ;���  JIartin ���'...'..  Johnston.   Allen   T. Ward   Mills   ....  Anderson    18    11     1  Neelands  Plaisanco      I  Byes and Ways     !)  Total .  58  Special Order re. Voters' List.  An order-in-council has been issued by  the provincial government, which provides that all names of applicants to vote,  who applied on or before the 2nd of June,  shall be put on the .supplementary voters'  lists, and will, therefore, be entitled to  vote at tlie provincial general election.  Fach collector, it is also provided, slmll  hold a court of revision, on the tenth flay  before election, to hear and decide objections with regard to names put on the  voters' list as above.  A Startling Result.  A pretty schoolmistrecs told a rather  amusing story at a Vancouver boarding  house. She asked one of her classes to  put the nouns "boys," "bees," and "bears"  into a sentence. The scholars thought intently for a few moments, when one  ragged youngsters, with a look of victory  on his face, raised his htind. "Well,  .Johnny," said the school teacher, "what  is your sentence?" " Boys bees bear when  they go in swinimin'." 'The teacher did  not cull on any more of her class.  The Smallest in the World.  The archduchess Fli/.abeth. daughter of  the crown princess Stephanie, is the possessor of the smallest dog in the world.  This little dog can rest, comfortably in the  ������aim of the hand. It is about five inches  high and six and three-quarter inches  long, and weighs ,about half it pound.  Not Ussd to that Sort of Talk.  Mrs. Martha .Moore Avery, the socialist  leader from Boston, prides herself on her  sympathetic ways with the commonest  people. She was riding, the other day, in  ;�� Philadelphia car, when a ragged news  boy got aboard. Mrs. Avery put on unattractive smile, and tlie boy hurried to the  endof thecur unci flashed his pa person her.  "No, thank you, little boy," said the lady,  " 1 don't wish for a paper, but 1 am ever  so much obliged to you for coming in  here." The boy walked reproachfully  away, and, tis he left the car, he remarked  to tlie conductor: "Say, it's a wonder de  women didn't ask me if me wife was well."  CULTUHED   POLITENESS.  True Politeness an Outgrowth of the Heart  Rather Than of the Law.  Discourtesy and impoliteness arc by no  means confined to'the poor and ignorant  chisses of society. There are many punctilious observers of conventional ettit'tiec  who pride themselves on their knowledge  and practice of good manners and yet  daily break the written as well as the  unwritten canons of true politeness. True  politeness is an outgrowth of the heart  rather than of the law, and good manners  in conventional life are supposed to copy  the manners'of the good, the best, the  truly elite of humanity. Society rules  are presumed to be based on the highest  ideals of good living and loftiest acting,  but many who pride themselves upon living up to the very letter of the laws of  polite society are in reality more rude and  ill-bred as regards the spirit of those laws  than the most ignorant hod-currier who  bears in his bosom the glow of brotherly  kindness toward all.  And too often wo find the man and wo-  moinan with most exquisite society manners who are gentle iu tone, refined in  address, charming in glance and bearing  toward all their equals and superiors,  who seem to lose at once their suavity unci  grace when they are brought into relations with their inferiors, their domestic  servants, their tradesmen, their mechanics, their dependents. They act towards  these as though their dignity was not  something inherent in their nature as a  legitimate part of their higher intellectual  and moral culture, but something grafted  upon their real selves whose reality might  be doubted if they failed to assume the  tone of the muster, or maker of destinies  to those within their power. Unhappily  for their lofty pretentions there are few,  spite of ignorance,..servility or fear, who  have not sufficient human wit to see  through this autocratic manner, the vulgarity of the soul beneath, and however  concealed, to feel contempt at the impoliteness between man and man, because of  the difference in education or service.  THAT VICIOUS   OLD   BUCKET.  How fresh in my mind are the scenes of my childhood.  As fond recollection presents them lo view!  The cow-stall, the pig-pen, the ten cords of firewood,  And all the tough chores that I had to go through.  Tho weeds in the garden, the stones in the stubble.  The errands to run and the white beans to shell;  And (when I'd already a surplus of trouble)  The bucket, that viciously dropped in the well  The rotten-roped bucket, the iron-bound bucket.  The confounded bucket I hat dropped in the well!  After trudging all day in the wake of a harrow,  The team I must water ere getting my grub;  Cross, foot-sore and fired clear to the marrow,  I'd seize on the windlass to fill up their tub,  Si) downward that bucket, demurely meandered.  And then with hard lugging, it "'rose from the well;"  But ere I could (lump it the rope had disbanded,  And. spang! to the bottom the 'tarnal thing fell!  The fiendish old bucket! the rotten-roped bucket!  The hundred-ton bucket that dropped-in the well!  Then with "grapples and -"creepers," and like botherations,  I bent o'er the well like a capital A :  And mingling my tears with devout invocations,  I sprinkled them down as I angled away.  I low   it  caught���and  slipped   oil���and   at last  caught  securely!     ;  I nulled with a.joy my words cannot tell;  And I hugged, not. irom love, but to hold it more surely���  The mud-covc.red bucket that rose from the well.  The slippery old bucket, the rotten old bucket/  The mud-covered bucket that rose from the well!  Not a Safe Proposition.  Her lip's quivered and her breath came  in labored gasps, but she did not .speak.  "Do you love me?" he anxiously demanded, seizing her shrinking hand.  '���J���I don't know," she faltered.  Gently he insinuated his arm about her.  "Darling," he murmured, "would you  like to have me ask your mamma first?"  With a sudden cry of terror she .grasped  his arm.  "No, no, no!" she shrieked convulsively.  "Don't do that! She is a widow. I wiu'it  you myself."  She clung to him until he .solemnly  promised he would say nothing to the old  lady for the present.  ���What "ss" Means.  HoAV many readers know what "ss"  means on legal documents which are to be  found at the beginning of acknowledgements and other legal documents? Not  one in fifty can tell what the cabalistic  "ss" is for. The abbreviation is a con-  ��� traction of the Latin word "scilicet,"  which is a.lsoa contraction, having originally been written as "scire licate," neither  of which, you will note, has more than  one "s." The word entire, or in its abbreviated state is equivalent to the old English "to wit,"still widely used, thedesigns  of both being simply to call particular attention to what follows.  Well!  Blue-eyed men are the most sentimental  of tin; species -at least that is what an  eminent physiognomist says. Tliey are  peculiarly susceptible to tlie influence of  the opposite sex, melt under the warmth  of one ardent glance, have emotional,  mercurial affections, and are found by the  coquettes to be easier game to bag than  hold.  (Notary   Public)  Victoria Street, Nelson, B. C.  Mining and Real Estate Broker  Commission and Insurance  Agent  ItKI'ICKSKNTI.NC:  The Confederal ion Life Association. The I'lin-iiix fire  Insurance Company. The Dominion Building & i.oan  Association of Toronto, lOtc.  Colville, Washington, and Nelson, B. C.  Wholesale dealers in Hay, Grain, Poultry, Butter, Eggs, and all kinds  of Farm Produce.    Special rates to parties buying in Carload Lots.  Address all orders to Nelson, B. C.  Price lists will be furnished on application   anager.  Nelson office and warehouse, Baker  ,   street, between Bigelow & Co's and  Nelson hotel   MINES INSPECTED   AND   REPORTED   UPON.  -Several good lots in government townsites of New Denver and Nelson to be sold cheap.  Stores and ollices to rental. Nelson.  Tenant wauled for ranch on Columbia river near Itob-  son, or will sell,   tlood oppurl unity.  LOTS    IN    ADDITION    "A"  to sell on easy terms.  Apply at once to  W. A. JOWETT, Victoria St., Nelson, B.C.  ff J. TEETZEL .&��  CHEMISTS and  K2  A large and complete -stock of the leading lines of  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  Cor. Baker and  Josephine  Streets,  Nelson, E. C.  Central Office  of the  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  A large and complete stock of  WALL PAPE  Now is the time to order your Spring Suit.  Has just received his stock  of Tweed, Serge, and Worsted  Suitings and Trouserings.  Prices to Suit the Times.  PLS0N FANCY STORE.  All kinds of Fancy Goods,  Notions, Ladies' Underclothing, Children's Clothing, etc.  Baker St., next door Nelson Shoe Store'.  Don't be Alarmed!  . if the railways are washed out. Wo have a large  stock of lluttcr, Hacon, Canned Meats. Salt Kish,  Dried Fruits, Flour. Ilanis, Lard, Jlilk, .Sugar,  Ale, Ucer. Cider, and Stout. Also the finest brands  of Imported and Native Liquors, Wines. Cigars,  Tobacco, etc.  THE HUDSONS' BAY CO.,  Baker Street, Nelson.  The Evolution of a "Name."  When Hill, the poet, lirst essayed  To push i.he goose's i|iiill.  Scarce any nam.; at all he made.  IT was simply "A. H. Hill."I  Hut, when success his ell'orts crowned,  Rewarding greater skill,  His name expanded at a bound.  (It was "A. Hillcr Hill.")  Now Dial his work, be what il may,  I.-sure "'to till the bill,"  lie has a inline as wide as day.  ("Aquilla Killer Hill.")  FOR SALE  Second-hand Cash Register for sale.   Apply lo XV. V.  Teetzel Dc Co.. Nelson,  AGENTS KOK: Jos. Sclilil"*, Milwaukee. U.S.A.; Kurt  Garry Flour Mills, Winnipeg; Hiram Walker & Sons,  Walkerville.  Hunter &   McKinnon,  feral Merchants,  New   Denver  and   Silverton.  Keep on hand at both   places everything rc<|iiired by  the prospector, miner, and mine owner.  NOTICE TO CREDITORS.  lyJL  C^lb  We are making ready for a dissolution of partnership, in the early spring,  and from today (Thursday, December 21st) will offer our entire stock of Dry  Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Crockery, and G-lassware at cost.  Groceries, Hardware, Dry Goods, Clothing', Boots and Shoes,  Stoves and Tinware, Paints and Oils, Sash and Doors and  a Complete Line of Builders' Material and Miners' Supplies.  Sewing Machines, Newspapers, Books, Stationery  s, Toys, Fancy Goods.  ^  e ���:  School Supplies  a Specialty.  jn*t:e]"W" iDimiisrviEJDR"  EEYELSTOKE  FS .  .a.:n-3d   *r>r^.s:"0"s*ED  GROCERIES,  HARDWARE,  Fine Neglige Shirts in Silk, Silk and Wool, Flannel and Cotton.  Summer Underwear in Mosaic and Natural Wool. Hosiery,  Suspenders, Ties, Collars, Cuffs.  STEAW HATS  Felt Hats in all the Best American and English Makes. A  full Line of American Revited Overalls.  Prices lower than ever.  The RAILWAY CENTRE and  SEAT OF GOVERNMENT of West Kootenay.  CHOICE BUILDING and RESIDENCE PROPERTY  rREB^VrDE   .A.LI-.0"W':E!r>   FOB   &OOD   :BXrX3L,JO)X3Sr<3S.  Ill the Homily Court of  ICoolenuy, holden  at Kelson, iu  the mattorof the estate of William White, deceased.  Notice is hereby given that all persons ha ving any claim  against the estate oj' William White, laic of SI evens  county, in the stale of Washington, one of the I'niled  States of America, miner, deceased, who died on the "J.Sth  day of November, IS!).'!, are required on or before I.he lirst.  day of August, A. I). ISill, to svnd by posl, prepaid. Iodic  undersigned solicitor for Amelia White, I lie administratrix of the said estate, their christian and surnames, addresses and descriptions, tlie full particulars of their  claims, a statement of their accounts, and the nature of  the securities (if any) held by them.  After the lirst day of August. ISill, die said nriminr*.  trntrix will proceed lo distribute the assets of the said  estate among flic parties entitled thereto, Inning regard  only to the claims of which notice shall have then been  received.  Dated this lath day of .lime, Mil.  JOHN   KM,KIT.  Milker Street, Nelson.  Solicitor for Adniinisl.nil rix.  ALSO LOTS FOR SALE IN NAKUSP, DAWSON, and R0BS0N.  FOR    PEICES,    MAPS,   ETC,   TO  FRANK FLETCHER, Land Commissioner C, and K. R. and N. Co., Nelson, B. C.  Notice of Application for Liquor License.  Notice is hereby given thai thirty days after dale ive  intend In apply to the gold commissioner of Wesl Kootenay district for a license to sell liquor at the hoi el known  as the Morris hotel, townsite of Krcdricton, in said  district. ti. A.  MIOKI.OW &  CO.  Nelson, .lime lllh, I8IJI.  Hotelkeepers and housekeepers needing anything in the line of tableware  should call on or send to JACOB DOVER, JEWELER, Nelson, for prices.  He sells Rogers Brothers' knives, forks, and spoons at $8 per dozen;  castors, $4.50 each; butter dishes, from $1.50 to $3.50; pickle dishes,  from $2 to $5.   Full lines of above-mentioned goods always kept in stock.  Houston Block, Corner of Baker and  Josephine Streets,  ���7*p---7"-r--T7J*----TC^ ���.���^'.������-f^fc*^^  ��'rS,..",.1j-.'.,v >���".!.������ .'���A.,-n..-rtri .-,���.���,������a', v,-**- .v-,; .>:��������. ���,-],��� -*'�������������� .." if':" '..-,��: ,������-���.- *.rii n-:������,:'1r .iv��,���;���-���-'-���*���  ..'������f.-.Mrf. ���*��� s. V4,.isf.n��v "��������.,.������',-.��.'������, "Ail w.V-"Vv. -��� .�����..��.   .-.ov:' fty**Jii,->�� ������.? i. -".^-Y.'fr <    *��� -*,- r .!'���-.",-3-1,~.,-,--*i;.��-,-.'��� ;;.' r*-.���*?.���:���" *m '.���V-'"  '."-i'-* ���*'"J"-   -" - V''������">' .'^ ������1aW."-i ��!'.���, ������   ;--- .' ���v,.Vi|'.  -..Jr.1....-'-. - '   .. ���  '.    ��.�����>.  .     -.*   -. ....-..'.. i.    ^i* .   ./t...1)..^ , I   ,*',.       I-.-' ���-./ i" ������  .' ... .1 l  .   .. -  . f    .'.���'..  1 .-..���! . ..      . - i .'   .   .     . im       ���*���'(.   �����- ^ '...r -I f      * '    ���" .. ��.'..   ... i a       .. V :     j   *    >i', ,*,,, ...i,..^. iv   .1- .J. - -.j.1   *. -.���        ���.     .<  .    -.r.   - .-..L '..i...-?.- '.','.   ��*-'    ���  . ,.,      '�����.���   1        .....--.-  .*���'���-   . .      . ,       ��� ..���    .-  *-        '. ... . U*   -.<���--'/��� _.  ���11.


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