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BC Historical Newspapers

The Tribune 1892-12-08

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 East &nb "Iilest Kootenay  Have   Better Showings  for Mines than  any  other Sections on the Continent  of America.  (Capital an& Brains   ,.  Can   Both   be   Employed   to   Advantage   in  the' Mining  Camps of East and  West   Kootenay.  FI'  RST  YEAR.-jSrO.  nelson imiT.si. Columbia, tj.iji.sday, December, s, 18.2.  PRICE  TEN-  CENTS.  WILL   THEY   BE   PROGRESSIVE?  OR  WILL    THEY  DONE    FOR  DO    AS  YEARS  THEY  PAST ?  HAVE  That is, Suspend Opei-atlng Railways and  Steamboats During the Winter Months,  Simply Because the Volume of Traffic is  not as Large in Decemuei*, January, February, and March as it is in Juno, July,  August,  and  September.  The closing of navigation on the Columbia, rive*', between lie*vol.stoke and the  Upper Arrow hike, at this o.ti'ly date, is a  i'aet that should be brought to the notice  of every Board of Trade in eastern Canada, to the end that their members should  know the truth a.s to tho difficulties which  ham per business men in the Kootenay  Luke country.  The people iu the mining camps in the  southern half of .Vest Kootenay have, for  the last three years, suffered great loss,  simply because the Canadian 1 .icific Railway Company would neither give them  connection with, the main line of the  Canadian Pacific nor allow them any connection to the south, other than by pack  animals.    Public opinion in the east was  Avorked with the sentimental cry, that if  our people were given an outlet to the  south their trade would all go to the towns  and cities in tin* United States, and the  eastern press appeared only too willing to  bolster up the selfish and untrue contentious of Lhe railway people. If the commercial bodies and .bo press of eastern  Canada had simply declared that this  section of the Dominion was entitled to  the same facilities of ingress and egress  allowed other sections, the Dominion government would not have dared deny the  legislation asked for by the men who were  ready and willing to give us railways that  would be operated the year around ; railways, toe*, that would give us direct connections with all the commercial towns  and cities in eastern Canada.  Today hundieds of tons of freight, consigned to merchants on Kootenay lake,  are sidetracked ab Revelstoke; freight,  too,-'that is badly needed by people who  are working hard to develop an industry  that will ore long be one of the most  important in the province, if not in the  whole Dominion. Tho re would be less  cause for complaint;, and little for alarm,  if the railway people would only show  that they understand the conditions that  exist here and make an effort to help us  through our difficulties. But they seem  to lack business sense and are wholly  without kindly feelings for a people 'whose  patronage'they so eagerly seek at certain  tinies each year. Were, they good business men, and not a crowd whose highest  idea of business is the manipulation and  sale of lots in worthless townsites, they  woidfl use every effort to '.operate, the  twenty-eight miies of railway between  Nelson and the mouth of Kootenay .-river.  Avhere connection can be "made the year-  round with tlie steamers .'that run'to-tlie  south and connect with the Spokane &  Northern railway ; an effort that Avould  cost but a small outlay in money and one  .that would surely result in great good to  'the railway''company.  The effort would only require the building of a .spur, less than a mile in length,  from the main line-to the steaniboatJand-  ing. All the necessary materials are at  hand, and if not they can be easily 'procured from the Spokane & Northern,  whoso northern terminus is now at North-  port, less than lifty miles south of the  steamboat landing. The building of this  short spur would do away with the wagon  transfer, which i.s both costly and tediously slow. The steamboat company, for  once, is alive to the situation and willing  to take chances that the traffic during the  winter will pay operating expenses. That  they are not taking any groat chances is  evidenced by the fact that the business  already guaranteed i.s ample to keep one  boat fairly busy during tlie four months  of winter. These guarantees are from  mining and business men who are .only  too willing to increase their output of ore  and iiiereJiaiuli.se shipment.-., one. tlicy  know that they can depend on communications being kept open. The owners of  the Freddy Lee guarantee 1500 tons of  ore, tho owners of the Idaho .00 tons, and  the owners of the Blue Bird 500 tons. To  this guarantee can safely bo added 500  tons more from.smaller-mines in the Kaslo  and Slocan districts. The merchants in  Nelson, Kaslo, Pilot Day, and Ainsworth  are nearly all in need of goods now, and  now at Revelstoke, a, telegram from Nelson to general superintendent Abbott at  Vancouver remaining unanswered up to  the time Tiik Tmmrxi1" wont to press on  Wednesday night. It is supposed, how-  over, that the freight will bo forwarded  round'by the coast.  A?i Alternative Routo.  While the route' by way of the Columbia, river is an easy one to keep open, if  the railway people could be made to see  it. there is an alternative routo by way of  the valley of the Kootenay from Bonner's  Kerry. To make the latter route feasible  a. sleigh road would have to bo built for a  distance of lifty-five miles. The following from the Bonner's .Ferry Herald of the*:  .rd instant shows what is being done in  tho matter: ''The advantages of a winter road from Bonner's Ferry to Kootenay  lake have hitherto been pointed out by  the Herald. Wo are pleased to state that  parties ha ve vthis week started a movement on foot to make the project a success. It is probable that some little work  will be required to open Lhe road, such as  cutting it out in places. Tho businessmen  of this place would do well to contribute  liberally, if need be, to whatever expense  is required. They will more than make it  back in the increase of business resulting  therefrom. It would bo the only route  open this winter to tho mines on Kootenay and Slocan lakes, and a good deal of  trade would be sure to pass through here.  A largo quantity of ore would also find a  winter market. There is a fine opening  for somu enterprising stage man. He  could get a good thing for carrying  the mails to say nothing of the passenger and express business.    For the infor-  is estimated that enough cuticle has boon  torn from shins on street stumps to make  leather binding for every volume iu tho  Kaslo Good 'Will Society's reading-room.  O ye oppulent townsite owners, who  loll in your easy chairs in the distant  cities by the coast side revelling in tho  wealth poured info your coffers from tho  sale of town lots, will you not sot aside  enough to purchase a. stump puller and  hire some muscle and brawn to operate it,  and from our avenues and streets remove  those stumps? or will you allow our citizens to continue to bo battering rams?  A   HURRIEDLY    BUILT   TRAIL  mation of the public, we will state that  the distance to the lake by the winter  I'oad would not be to exceed fifty-five  miles. As the lake never freezes tho stage  line would connect with steamers for all  points on Kootenay lake."  SLOCAN    LAKE.  it is safe to estimate the tonnage required  by them at 500 tons. This amount of  freight, to say nothing of the passenger  traffic, would surely pay, as a gentleman,  who is pretty well posted on transportation companies and their charges, estimates the following as the pro rata of the  different companies interested : Ore from  Kaslo or Ainsworth to Nelson by boat, $1  per ton; from Nelson to the mouth of  the Kootenay by rail, $2; from the  mouth of the Kootenay to Northport by  boat, $2; from Northport to. Spokane by  rail, $2.50; from Spokane to Tacoma or  Croat Falls by rail, .*f.0..0. Total, $1...50  per ton. The local rntss now charged on  merchandise aggregate over $20 a ton between Northport and Nelson, rates which  would surely be remunerative, even if the  tonnage handled be no more than 500  tons. The estimated cost of the spur and  operating the railway foi' four months is  Jess than $0000, for which the company  Avould receive* fully $12,000 from freight  and passenger traffic.  Nothing is yet known as to what the  Canadian Paeilic will do with the freight  News Items li-roni New Denver and Four  Mile Creek.  Bill Springer reports between four and  five foot of snoAv at the .Freddie Lee.  Work i.s progressing most satisfactorily.  Tho traniAvay is in successful operation.  The owners of the Vancouver and Mountain Boomer claims on Four Mile crook  have started a tunnel on tho latter claim.  There is already about fifty tons of ore  on the Vancouver, Avhich will be shipped,  via Nakusp, as soon as teams can be procured from the outside. Hugh Mann is  now at Calgary, and expects to drive the  first team over tlie Nakusp road by the  first of January.  The steamer W..Hunter is making trips  from New Denver to the head and the  foot of the lake: She is paying expenses..  TJie recent lieavy wind storms played  havoc with tlie trail up Slocan river, but  Tom Mulvey, Charles BroAvn, and W. S.  Murray removed all obstructions and the  trail i.s now iu first-class order. Doubtless  this will prove the easiest way to reach  tlie Slocan Lake country during .he-winter  months. A sleigh road could be put in  between Slocan Crossing and Slocan City  for a few -hundred dollars. Nelson merchants and the owners of the last named  townsite might still iind this suggestion  worthy of their attention, aud assistance.  Patrick Clark lias bonded a two-thirds  interest iii the Rico group of claims for  $50,000; of the amount $-1000 was paid  down.  The postal arrangements for New Denver are very bad, the mail both in and  out being most uncertain. If the post-  office department cannot make arrangements to have a weekly mail, why not admit the fact and let private enterprise  undertake it.  The time is fast ch-awing near when the  second instalment on lots in New Denver,  bought at the government sale, Avill bo  due. Perhaps it would be more satisfactory, to both the purchasers' and the general public, if the government made an  official announcement as to the ownership  of the unsurveyed portion of the town-  site before the payment referred, to becomes due.  There is no snow at New Denver and  less than two feet at Three Forks.  That has Opened Up a Mineral District of  Great Promise.  Probably Mr. Kellie, the member to tlie  legislature from West Kootenay, got  more censure for lii.s haste in building the  trail from the head of Kootenay lake up  Lardo river to Trout lake than has Mr.  Fitzstubbs, assistant commissioner of  lands and works, for not building frails  and Avagon roads in other sections of the  district. Time has proved tJiat tho censure was unjust in the ono case, and it  may prove likewise in the other. Tho  trail up the Lardo attracted attention to  that section of the country; and once tlie  attention of prospectors is called to any  section, it is not long before the more ad-  A*enfurous ones imagine''the el dorado they  have so long searched for is at last  discoA'ered. Hundreds of prospectors,  disappointed in not finding what they  searched forin the Slocan Lake country,  struck out early-in tlie summer i'or tlie  Lardo Hi ver country, and the mountains  on that stream and its many tributaries  were soon pretty thoroughly prospected.  While if i.s yet too early to make accurate  statements as to the merits of the finds,  many of tliem are knoAvn to bo good showings for mines. Tlie veins are large and  well defined on the surface. The ores are  of good grade, running well up in silver  and gold and carrying a high percentage  of lead.  Tho claims on the oast fork of Uealey  creek carry galena ores that run from (K)  to   120   ounces   in   silver,   while   claims  farther north ancl  Avest carry ores  that  assay as high as $200 in gold  to the ton.  On the south fork of the upper Lardo are  claims with veins that in place, show fully  thirty feet of clean ore, aud on the north  fork of the same stream are veins almost  as wide, the ore from which assays all the  way  from ninety ounces up in sih*er as  well as fair returns in gold.    Good-placer  ground  is also found on the Lardo and  Duncan riA*ers, sonie of Avhich have been  worked  off and ou for the  last twenty  ypars,  tlie yield therefrom being as high  as $20 a day to the man.    Thu Trihum.  in its first issue referred to the bond ing  of two claims on Healey creek, and this  week can state that the bonds were made  to T. E. Jefferson and others of Spokane,  men avIio are interested hi good properties  in Slocan   district.     All  tlie country   i.s  easily accessible from the trail mentioned  in the beginning of this article, ancl next  summer boats will, no doubt, run to the  head of  Kootenay lake,  Avliere a  town  named Lardo is being built.  of Nelson have secured the Reid <.- Robinson group ofclaims on Four Mile creek,  on Slocan lake. No work, however, will  bedono there this winter, but active operations will begin, in the early spring.  Those claims show surface evidences of  grout minora I bodies below, and are highly  spoken of by mining men who have examined them. Chadbourne Ac Jowott's is  tho only English syndicate operating iu  Slocan district so far, a syndicate Avhoa.ro  mo novices in mining, having handled the  famous Drum Lummon, tJio Empire, and  others in Montana, and the wonderful De  La i\Iar in Idaho, mines that cost money  and have produced millions, every one  having been dividend payers. The success of this.syndicate in Slocan will doubtless attract tho attention of other Eng-  1.-.-U. nining people" towards tho many ad-  van ta.ges'of the'Koptehay Lake country.  SAMPLING   WORKS  more expert civil servant is in the employ  of the Dominion government than post-  office inspector Fletcher, who sees to it  that the people of British Columbia and  part of the Northwest Territory have all  that they require in the way of postal  facilities. He even wont so far to accommodate them early'last summcras tonpen  a postoffice at New Denver; but, unfortunately, forgot to inquire as to the route  over which its mails could bo forwarded  during the months iu whicii steamboats  and railways are not operated in Kootenay. Tiik 'Tkibuxk merely requests ?>Jr.  Fletcher to look into the matter, to the  end that mails will be occasionally dispatched to and from tJie only postoflice  in the groat Slocaii mining district.  STOPPED   BY   SNOW.  THE   FOKCE   TO    BE   DOUBLED  WHICH    WILL    RESULT     IN     A     LARGER  OUTPUT   OF    ORE    FROM  A Mine Already Famous, Although  Pew Months Have Elapsed Since  Was First  Stuck in  it.   ���  Only   a  a Pick  A  A Stump Puller Wanted,  record  of  the  mishaps   which  have  overtaken citizens of Kaslo on account of  coming into collision with stumps in the  streets on dark nights would require too  much space, but to impress on the town-  site people the necessity of importing a  stump puller, a few striking incidents are  here given. A prominent merchant on  Avenue A, while going from Front ^street  to Jiis place of business, caught Jiis foot  on a root and Jiis proboscis, which is an unusually large one, came violently in contact with one of these objectionable  stumps. The stump was not injured, but  the public knows how that nose looked,  for days afterwards, done up in black  court]liaster. Another instance: A Kaslo  editor Avas going from prayer meeting (or  some other place) to his office, his mind  filled with beautiful thoughts which were  to appear in cold type and shine on the  editorial page of his sheet the next issue,  when; alas, against a stump ho goes Avith  his left eye���window to his soul���and such  an eye as lie had the following day, and  for ii week after. He looked as though he  had,, tried to interview a Kansas cyclone,  an irate mother-in-law, and an army of  delinquent subscribers all at the same  time. Of theshins that have been skinned  and ribs sprung on account of coming in  contact with these stumps, it would make  a stoic  weep were they enumerated.    It  Opium Seizure.  Bonner's" Ferry Herald, 3rd: *"'.'James  E. Dolan, the custom officer at this port,  made another opium seizure last Thursday. This time fifty-seven pounds of the  contraband article was found. The officer located it iii the warehouse of the  Spokane, at Galena lauding. How it  came there is not known. It Avas found  tied up in an old gunny sack. The officer  named probably has his suspicion as to  who smuggled the opium'in, but is reticent about the mutter, it is thought  that a great deal of opium has been smuggled through hero the past season. It is  next to impossible for our regular officers  to stop it. The smugglers have them  spotted and know just when and where  andJiowto dodge them. The only way  to catch the offenders is by special'detectives. Bonner's Ferry, Spokane, and Ka-  lispell are the principal headquarters for  the men connected Avith the different  branches of the smuggling work."  Is the Route a Feasible One?  The opinion i.s generally held by engineers and others who have been through  the mountains to the east of Kootenay  lake, that there is no feasible route for a  railway north of the one down Goat river.  Now that the Lardo country i.s attracting  attention, the opinion is expressed by  prospectors that there i.s a feasible route  across the mountains by following an old  Hudson's Bay Company trail that loaves  the Duncan river aud'comes out on the  ���most nortlierly fork of the St. Mary's  river. But what is the; use of discovering  feasible routes for railways that can only  bo built Avhen the Canadian Pacific gets a  good ready���wJiicJi Avill bo in the dim,  dim future.  An English Syndicate at Work.  F. M. Chadbourne, the representative!  of a London, England, syndicate who are  doing considerable work in the Slocan district, was in Kaslo during tho week attending to the shipment of supplies to the  Great Western group. The tunnel on tin;  Great Western is now in 150 foot, and the  latest report is that a fine body of ore is  in sight. The greatest difficulty Mr.  Chadbourne has had to contend with is  getting in supplies to the property, but  he says he will have them there if fie has  to purchase an outfit himself. The Great  Western will bo actively worked all  winter.    Mr. Chadbourne and Mr. Jowett  Would Be a Paying Enterprise in the Kootenay Lake , Country.  One of the most pressing needs of the  Kootenay Lake country is a local market  for ores, ancl no one thing goes farther in  that direction than sampling  works.   A  sampling mill is not a reduction works by  any means, biro .imply macJiinery for tJie  crushing and sampling of any quantity of  ore, so its value can be determined by the  ordinary process of assaying.    TJie equipment of a worlcs of the kind consists of  motive power to propel machinery made  up of a.rock bieakor, Cornish rolls, automatic sampler, and generally a grinding  machine to pulA'cri/.e the sample to a pulp.  The'ore is fed info the crusher, from which  it goes   to  the rolls, Avhere i    i.s crushed  still finer.    As it passes from the rolls an  appliance is so arranged as to take a small  quantity of the ore from the main stream  and deposit it us a sample of the amount  run through,    if the quantity crushed is  a large one, the sample will also be large,  necessitating    "quartering"    or   cutting  down, which is done by thoroughly mixing  the mass and  dividing  it into four  equal   parts.    If the sample  is stiil unnecessarily large the process is repeated  fill  the required  bulk  is obtained.    Tho  remaining part is then ground to a powder, thoroughly mixed, and, as a general  rule, placed in a number of small bottles  ancl sealed for the assayor whoso duty is  to determine the metallic value.  Works of this kind at a shipping point  do   aA\*ay   with  the  necessity of a producer following his ore te the smelter and  Avaitiiig an  indefinite  time for returns.  For instance, a 100-ton lot can be sampled  one  day and   the mine owner  have his  money for the same the day following.  Another satisfactory feature is, that the  ownor of the ore can see everything done  with  his' product and  knows that he is  getting   fair   treatment.    The establishment of a sampler would bring agents foi'  the many different smelting -works-'to the  lake country to bid on and purchase ore.'  Certain kinds of ores are worth, more to  .some reduction works than others, hence  an ore buyer can afford to pay more for  one'particular kind than the representative of some, other concern could.   These  matters:are regulated  Avhen a sampling-  niill is in operation, otherwise the mine  owner is at the mercy..of the purchaser.  A /prospector developing a claim cannot  do so .to advantage unless he can turn liis  ore into cash from time to time as small  quantities  are  mined, as it is often unprofitable for Jiim.to do so if he has to  ship itto distant points and a wait returns.  The writer has seen a.s many as thirteen  dilTerent ore   buyers  bidding on  ore   at  sampling works in a cam]) not near so extensive us the one of which Kaslo is now  the outlet.    The manner of operating is  generally as   follows:    Each   bidder   receives a  sealed  bottle of the pulp.   ��� Helms it assayed, and at once hands in his  bid at so.much per ton.   -Tho owner of tho  ore considers these tenders, and makes a  sale to the one which is the most satisfactory,    it   matters  not   how   many   local  smelters  there  may  be in a  country, or  how many in a single camp, for that matter.    The'sampling works are a necessity,  just the same.    With a works of the kind  described, low grade ores that would  not  othcirwi.se stand shipment are often made  profitable, for the simple! reason that tho  purchaser can mix the ores he buys,  the  low  Avith     he  high,  and  ship a uniform  grade to the smelter he represents.  'Work to be Resumed at the Poorman,  The a. vera go Nelson man begins to believe that the only mines likely to be  worked in the near future are located in  other districts than tJie one in which Nelson i.s situated. But the average man is  to be agreeably disappointed. Word  comes from the outside that arrangements have been completed with the  Husseys, who own a controlling interest  in the Poorman, which will result in tin;  early resumption of work at both the  mine and mill. About forty men will lie  employed, and a.s the ore is free gold, the  price of silver or the duty��� on lead does  notcutany figure whatever in its working.  Quick Dispatch.  The first carload of goods shipped in  bond from Hamilton, Ontario, for the  lake country was delivered at A.iusworth  to IT. Giegerieh in thirteen days from the  date of shipment.    The goods came over  A Dea,l on  for Several  Big Prospects  in the  *   Lardo   Country.  Revelstoke Star, November 20th  *'C.  F. Blackburn, mining geologist of Seattle:  Edward   Blewott,   mining   capitalist   of  Seattle, and Mr. Pearsoll. the discoverer  of   the  Monte   Christo  mining   district,  Washington,  in   company   with Thomas  Downs of Revelstoke, were passengers on  the   .steamer Marion   last  week   for   the  Lardo.    Mr.  Blackburn had brought  tJie  two  gentlemen   here from Seattle to examine some of tlie big gold and   galena  lodges in the Lardo,  with a   view to getting Mi*. Blewott interested in these famous    prospects.    But.    unfortunately,   a  ho_A"y snowstorm Jiad been  prevailing in  the mountains for .several (fays, and after  getting within   two miles''of one  of the  big lodes they  were obliged   to abandon  the  undertaking,  a.s   the snow was four  foot deep,   making  it impossible  to give  tho  property the thorough  examination  contemplated.- Mv. Blackburn, especially,  was very much disappointed, a.s there was  no doubt of the deal going through  had  the snow permitted an examination.   The  gentlemen returned to the coast last Saturday night.    Mr.   Blewott  is tlie owner  of   some of   the  richest gold  aud   silver  mines in   the State of  Washington,   besides being one of the promoters of the  branch  railroad   to  Monte  Christo,   now  under construction, and the large smelting works now being erected at Everett,  on Pugot Sound.    Mr.  Blewott lias promised   to come again as soon as the snow  permits   next  spring   and   examine   the  mines  in  tho Lardo.    Being  a   practical  mining man and a niillionuire he will soon  grasp the situation, and no doubt a number of the Lardo claims will change hands  and be extensively worked.    In the meantime, Mr. Blackburn is in communication  with .some Boston capitalists avIio will arrive  here next spring  Avith   a  view  to  purcliasing meritorious properties,    ft is  very likely that two large deals will yet  be consummated this Avinter.  An Old Wood-Riverite Dead.  Bonner's   Ferry   Herald,   3vd :   **C.   B  Fox, a member of the secret service under  the treasury department at Washington,  was found dead at the Bonner house last  Wednesday morning.    He has been here  about three   weeks   working   up a  ease  against the opium.'smugglers.���   It avu.s he  who gave major Barnes the'tip by means  of which he .was able to make his recent  'capture.    Fox concealed Jiis identity Avhile  in Bonner's Ferry aiid Avent by the name  of Levi Young.    He had been 'dissipating  heavily of late, and was addicted to   the  use of .morphine, and it was probably from  an overdose of the drug that he died.    The  coroner's jury said   it was heart failure  caused by an excessive use of stimulants.  Fox came to Idaho as register of the land  office at Monfpelier; then engaged in nier-  chandising   at   ilailey;   was   afterwards  clerk of Alturas eountv, aud, in 1800, clerk  of the state senate ot Washington.    He  was about 10 years of age, and in many  respects was a brilliant man.    fie leaves  a wife ancl four children  in  D.C."  Washington.  Boom'ng a Townsite.  Already there is some stir about the  townsite of Lardo. A. M. Wilson i.s therewith a force of fifteen or twenty men  building a road to connect with the government trail. Sunday last the steamer  Ivaslo was chartered and Frank Fletcher.  A. II. Buchanan, F. M. .McLeod. S. II.  Groon, T. .1. Lendriini. A. E. Hodgins. and  a-number of others visited and inspected  the townsite. A. II. Buchanan has consented to act as trustee! for the owners of  Lardo and will sign all agreements and  execute all deeds of conveyance.  the Great Northern to Bonner's Ferry.  A Request Without a Sinister Motive.  The civil   servants  of the  government  are so often requested  to  take action  requiring the  expenditure of  money   that  they soon become expert in detecting requests which have a sinister aim; and no  Will Ship a Carload of Ore.  The owners of the Mile Point claim, in  Ainsworth district, will ship a carload of  ore to Great Falls next week. The tunnel  is in about fifty foot, twenty-five feet of  the distance in ore. the vein  now being  be  No  mine   in   the   whole   lake   country   is  so  favorably situated   for   shipping   ore.  a  fully five feet wide!.    The ore that wil  shipper! samples ir>0 ounces to the ton.  Siwash and a wheelbarrow easily  a carload iu a few hours at a point  it can be loaded on steamboats.  UKllllg  where  Smelters Now Pay the Duty.  Formerly the duty on ores shipped from  this section to smelters in the I'nifed  States was paid by the mini! owner, the  value being ascertained by the collector  of customs at Bonner's Feirry or at Little  Dalles. This often caused vexatious delays. Now the smelters give bonds that,  they will make correct returns of the  value of all dutiable ores sini'lted by  them, and they' pay the duty, charging  the amount to the shipper of the ore.  Jim Ward nor  was iu  Nelson ou Tucs-'..  day, on his return to Spokane from a trip  to tho Freddy Leo.     Ho reports the gravity trannvay Avorking to perfection. ' Its'-  construction ancl Avorking are simple in.  the extreme.   The  trannvay .is a sort'*of ~  toboggaii slide Avith a drum on which 'To'"  wind rope at the upper end.    To the rope  are attached  boats,  Avhich slide on  the  snow, the loaded boat sliding down pulling the empty one up.  Mr. Wardner took  a seat in a boat on tlie trial trip, ancl had  a mishap.    Something   got   Avrong   with  tho rope, avJi'icIi caused the bout to stop  so suddenly in its elowiiAvard career that  Jim took a flying lea]) in the air, landing  about sixty feet away from tlie slide.    Ho'  would not have cared for the mishap Jiad  not a representative of his  Great  Falls  partner being present to witness it.    The  force of men ut the mine will be increased  from   fifteen   to  thirty   at   once,   Avhicli  means  that tho  present output will  bo  doubled.     Before    leaving    Nelson" Mr.'  Wardner ordereel five turkeys to bo sent  up to the boys for their Christmas dinner.  It is understood that the final payment  on the mine will be made at Spokane on  tho KStJi instant.  Mining Notes. .  1 .ussoll BrotJiers, a wealthy firm of Kansas City operators, have become interested in the Noble Five, the group of  claims that did so much to advertise Slocan district, and another effort will bo  made to get supplies in, so that Avork can  bo carried on during tho Avinter. it is the  intention to crowd development Avork  next season.  William E. Childs of Spokane is prepared to begin work on the Alamo group,  iu Twin Lake basin and quite near the  Idaho mine. This property is under bond  to Scribnor, I.rumhcllcr <.*_ _ lclutosh, Spokane capitalists, the consideration being  $-J0,000. Five men will bo kept at work  through the winter.  The first shipment of Freddy Lee ore  (.100 pounds), via the Kaslo route, avus  dumped at the steamer landing on the 1st  instant. Arrivals of teams laden Avith  this ore will soon be.of daily occurrence.  The ten and a half tons of Dardanelles  ore shipped to Tacoma yielded -IS. ounces  silver and 5(5% lead per ton. Gun any  mine in uuy country beat.this .  Ore from the Blue Bird is being delivered on the wagon road, near Bear  creek, at the rate of fifty sacks a clay, it  i.s dragged five and a half miles on' rawhides; an animal clraAA-ing seven sacks,  which average MO-pounds ouch.  .John 1*. Piggott and Lane C. Gilliam  bonded the Solo and White Elephant  claims from Pound ..Winchester on Monday last'for" $15,000. Men will bo 'put to  work developing Avithin a week. These  claims are situated oil the oast side of  Lidelle creek, about two and ,one-half  miles from the wagon road and eighteen  iniles from Kaslo. Samples recently assayed from the .pay streak of the Solo  gave from 102 to i05 oune*es silver and 02  to 77 per cent load. The ore also carries  gold.  M. Wallace, .superintendent of the Neosho, in Ainsworth district, reports work  progressing favorably on that property,  tho drifts being in good ore. *  Morrison Ac Virden have a contract to  run a 50-foot tunnel on the Tain O'Sha liter, a mine on the east side of "Kootenay  lake about a mile south of Hendrvx's  Blue Bell.  John H. Cook is daily expected at ivaslo  with a force of men to work the Silver  Bell, a claim in Slocan district in which  he! is interested.  A representative of the 'Groat Falls,  smelter was in the lake country this week.  As soon as navigation opens in the spring  ore can be shipped from any point on  Kootenay lake to the smelter at Groat  Falls. th<! charge for transportation and  treat 'incut being placed at the low figure  of .**.!...50 a ton for ordinary lead ores.  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  who in   INU0 ran against  S. Farwel  Kellie for member of the legislature,  Nelson for Victoria on Tuesday, going  way  iter ii  . C.  of    Bonner  Victoria.  Ferrv.     He    .vi 1L  customs  was in  Jr.. collector  of  Kootenay   Lake  ay    the first time in many  Hykert.   accompanied   by  returned  from  Buffalo.  er  A  Mr.  left.  by  wii  J. C.  Bykert,  at  the   port   of  Nelson on Tiles-  months.     Mrs.  her  mother,   has  Xi.!W Vork. where she went to attend  father in illness that resulted fatally.  Sam Green and W. A. Skinner are. by  all odds, the best round dancers in Kaslo.  Sam excels at the military schottisohe  and W. A. at the comas wait-/,.  Whist clubs are being organi/.ed at  Kaslo aud Nelson, and a tournament may  bc looked I'or ut no distant dav. John F.  Piggott will loud the Knsloitcs and Dr.  LaBau the experts of Nelson.  ('. W. Busk was in Nelson on Tuesday.  He reports the townsite of Lardo us surveyed, ruilroad depot reserve nnd all. Mr.  Busk says tlie land surveyed is not subject-  to overliow.  .���-.v  -"* -_"_. ."i  -rlr-V-*-.���-���*����� \.*-\:.'-iAL\ ,-���   .���.���>"��������������:.-. W   ...  ���**-,. JVV.*, _3-_. - V'. -������������-.-������ -..* ;.'.',/���" ,*���*.���-?����. * .������..-���.-J   ���'���,���'.'/.:-*-..- -������.-.*--*���" (..-���.��������.������������-- '--.-:��� ^."i,���-;-,���   .-",.���������- -.r,., i--r, -_-*.->..' �����<*'_���-.��� -��� -vr-. - .aS- ��--   -Vi-..-1 ' ��� ;��� ��..- ah-_'-..'.IjivU.-- ;-;J-��..,,���������.-�����-. .���-������, -."���.:,-��� W,.*v ���<��� ���--_'������,-   .-%pr. ��:'.-i ��� -,:  ,v ��r." -j--.' -"*;':,.���,.,���..,'.. 7 ���-���.'.-- .1 .1 -..-������ .���  T^L".'i ��! _________s__l_____��  THE TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER  8,  1892.  GrOILtlD  SILVEB  X__I__1__A_-I_)  200 Lots Will be Sold  Locally  After Sunday, 11th Inst.  At  $120 Corners, and  $75 Inside.  TERMS, One-Third  Cash, Balance in 3 and  6 Months.  (The Nagle-Davies Crown Grant.)  The Gateway of the Lardo-Duncan Mining  The Head of Navigation at the North End of Kootenay Lake.  -  The Terminus of the Government Trail  The Only Flat Land Not Subject to Overflow and the Only Harbor at the North End of Kootenay Lake.  These first 200 lots  and streets will b<  cleared free of cost  after which price,  will be advanced t<  indemnify vendors foi  cost of clearing an<  other   improvements.  9  Managing  Agent,  " -___  Stone   Block,    KASLO,   Be Co  It;  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  TIIK TKIIH'N'K is published on Thursdays, by John  Houston & Co., mul will be mailed Lo .subscribers  on payment of O.vi* noi.1,.1/1 ji yc.'i*. _*. sjiibscriptiun  taken for less Uum ii ve;u'.  UFA'(.!..MI AlJVKKTI.Sf.-MKN'T.- printed ;i(. Hie following nit.es: One incli, f.'Ki ;i your: two inelies,  ��1*0 ii yo.-ir: l.liree iiiohen SSI ii yunr: four inches,  $!W! ii ye.-ir; five inches, ��11)3 ;i year: six inches mid  over, iit the nit.e of $1.50 mi inch por iiionth.  ���.'������\N..II''..T ADVKR'I'I.SKMKNT.S 20 cents u line for  lirsL insertion anil 10 cents a line for each additional  insertion.    H rtb,  marriage, and deiit.h  notices free.  I-OCAI, Oil I'KAIHXC* MATTN It NOTICKS 5(1 cents a  line each insertion.  JOU l'IM.TIN'0 at. fair rates. All accounts for job  printing mid advertising payiible on the lirsl of  every iiionLh; subscription, in adviince.  A I) DI i. k, _ S all communications to  Tin-" TUIIiUXIO, Xelson, U. C.  PARTNERSHIP   NOTICES.  TiriO L'N'I-KKSICfXI-'I). doing business as blacksmiths  under the lirm name of Harvey & Keefer, have dissolved copartnership from iind after the date ..given  below. All accounts due the lirm are payable to Georgo  11. Reefer, who will settle all firm debts.  J. A. HAUVJ.V.  GKUItGK IT. KIOKFICR.  Dated at Xelson. H. .., the 21th day of October, ISitt.  TITK L'XDKH.SICJXI-'n have formed a copartnership,  under the lirm name of John Houston & Co., to  carry on a general publishing and printing business, also  buying and selling real estate and mineral claims ou  commission, at, Xelson, Hritish Columbia.  W.'J. MACK AY,  C. V. DAKK,  JOHN" HOUSTOX,  Dated at. Nelson, Xovember 1st, 1S_*..'.'..'.  POR   SALE.  only connection tlie .oart has in the Avinter js to tlie south, and tho business  would, for that reason, be diverted from  tlie main line of the Canadian Pacific.  Under the charter and by the "provisions  of the ;ict granting the bonus of land, the  railway company was required to equip  and maintain a line of steamers on Kootenay river and lake. This requirement  has not been lived up to, i'or the company has nota single .steamer on Kootenay lake, nor even an interest in one.  The company should be compelled to  maintain and operate its railway in the  Avinteras Avell as in the summer, or, on  failure to do so, be compelled to return to  the province and the Dominion the land  and money given to aid its construction.  A .TO-FOOT improved  lot on   Kast liaker struct. Xelson.    Price   S'iOO:   half  cash,   biilauce   in  six 'and  twelvemonths.   Apply to John Houston &; (Jo., Nelson.  TWO ..FOOT unimproved lots in block 2. Kaslo.   Price  SI 100 cash.   Apply to John Houston & Co. Xelson.  A SO-FOOT unimproved lot on Kast. Maker street, Xel-  son.   Price $2.-i('(): half cash,  balance in  three, six  and nine months.   Apply to John Houston & Co., Xelson.  A '���('-FOOT unimproved lot on West Baker street, Xelson.    Price *. _iMj0; half cash,  balance in  three and  six months.   Apply to John Houston & Co., Xelson.  A.-XI-I-'OOT -improved corner lol. on ICasfc Maker street,  Xelson.    Price ?1000 cash.   Apply to John Houston  & Co., Xelson.  IOO  LOTS in the Migelow addition to Xew Denver  v-*v-/  Prices from f."* to S_  THE   SITUATION   IN   A   NUTSHELL.  six and twelve month:  Xelson.  .200;   half cash,  balance in  \pply to John Houston & Co.,  FOR   RENT.  CD--J A _ lONTIf��� Log cabin on Hast Baker street, _*.!-  *P*~'   son.   Apply to John Houston & Co., X'elson.  $10  Xelson.  A MONTH���Story and a half bouse on Josephine  street, Xelson.   Apply to John Houston & Co.,  $10  A   .MONTH���Olliees in Houston  block, corner  Bilker and Josephine  streets,   X'elson.   Apply  to John Iloiit-lon _. Co., Xelson.  PROFESSIONAL   CARDS.  DI.aBAI*.  .1.1 .���-Physician and Surgeon.   Rooms:.  ���   and  I  Houston block, Xelson.   Telephone 12.  "DAXI'AIJ, H. 1CK.M1', M.K.���Kxaiiiines and reports  -*-'��� on mines iind prospects. Twenty years' continuous  experience. Independent of any mine or works. Xot interested in the buying or selling of mines or prospects.  Kaslo, B.C.  NOTICES.  NOT1CK is hereby given that the power of attorney  made by James K. Robertson in favor of li. Forrester Dalv has been revoked. Victoria, B.C., 2*'nd Xovember. IS'.rl.  FOR   SALE-SEWING   MACHINE.  "-fid-O W-l-'- I-L/'IICIIASIC a brand new singer sewing  *P^AJ   machine with all latest attachments.  Apply at Tiuiti.'Ni-: ollice.  Cost -js.-"..  ��hi.  ��rtbttni.  THi;i:.SI)AY MORNING I)I-*C KMHKK 8. IS!)*.'  When monometallists argue in opposition to silver that it is a ".heap," "depreciated."' money,  they argue -what i.s not  true.    Here are one or tAVO fundamental  principles Avhich must not be overlooked:  With  a  single standard Avith /silver  degraded to the condition of a commodity���  it Avill  necessarily share the fate of all  other commodities.   When gold is scarce  and -high everything else   is   (compared  Avith gold) plentiful and Ioav.; "Goldbugs  ���pretend to'believe that silA*er is clieap because there is too m^ It is nonsense.   There never has been���never can  be���such a ������production of silver as to depreciate its value.   Will goldbugs argue  that land is chea]) because there is too  much of it, "when Ave have .less land per  capita than ever before?   Does any moiio-  metallistever remember to have seen such  a thing as "cheap" sHver Avhen it  Avas  coined on an equality Avith gold?   If silver had suffered over-production it Avould  be cheap as compared Avith other products;  but it is not.    It is only chea]) as compared  with gold.   And in this regard everything  is chea,]).    Silver has Hot depreciated because of over production.    It has not de-  'preciated at all.     Gold   has   become  so  scarce and high that everything else, by  comparison, is low.   Demand fixes \-alue.  Partial coinage of .silver, makes partial demand for silver.    And Avhile there is only  a partial demand, silver producers 'will  only receiA'e a partial price.   That is the  situation in a nutshell.   The monometallists know it.    Their talk of free silver,  depreciated   money, and cart-wheel dollars is only claptrap to deceive the ignorant.    If the result of the Brussels conference is  not the rehabilitation  of sih*er,  the conference will have been for naught.  RATIO   OF   ILLEGITIMACY.  pear to have little influence. AVc must  seek the real factors in race and heredity,  legislative restraints upon marriage, social usage, and other like circumstances."  (Notary  Public)  AND  REAL  ESTATE  AUCTIONEER and COMMISSION AGENT           l'-El'KUS-XTfXG   The Confederation Liife Association,  Thcl'huiiii.. Kire Insurance Coinpany,  The Provident Fund Accident Company;  *-' ALSO, -  The Sandy Croft Foundry Coiniiany, near Chester. England, imikcrs of all kimls of mining machinery, air  compressors, rock breakers, stamps, etc.     '���'���'-.  No. 1 JOSEPHINE STREET,  LOTS FOR SALE IN  ADDITION  "A"  Adjoining the government townsite of Xelson,  AT $125 and UPWARDS,  with a rebate for buildings ereeted.   The best residential  property in Nelson.   Value sure to increase.  '      Apply to  -:-   W. A. JOWETT,-:-  Mining and   Real   Estate   Broker,  Auctioneer  and Commission Agent,  Agent for Kelson  and AVest Kootenay District,  or to  IN'N'KS & RICHARDS, Vaneouver, li. G.  In what is locally known as "Four Mile," on Slocan lake, are some of the prospective!  great mines of Slocan district. The Alpha group, the Reid & Robinson group, the Mahanl  claims, the Anderson group, the Grover & Stevenson group, and more than fifty singlef  locations are in the camp, all carrying ore that assays up in the hundreds of ounces per ton.  At the mouth of Four Mile creek is a splendid site for reduction works, where, if erected,  smelter would be within easy distance of all the mines in Slocan district. The owners of tl  land at the mouth of the creek have had a part of it surveyed for a townsite, and as anl  inducement for the erection of reduction works will place in trust, as a bonus, one-half of alii  sums received from the sale of lots up to $50,000. Smelting men, looking for eligible sites!  for reduction works, should investigate this proposition. For further particulars address!  JOHN HOUSTON & CO., agents for the townsite owners, Nelson, B. C.  Lots in the Bigelow Addition to New Denver are now in the market.   These lots are asl  desirable, for either business houses or residences, as any in the New Denver townsite, as the f  Addition fronts Slocan lake and is less than 500 yards distant from the New Den ver Post-  office.   The only safe harbor for steamboats is in front of this addition, and a wharf for the)  steamer "W. Hunter" will be built from the proceeds of the first sale of lots.   Lots will be]  given free to business men and prospectors who will agree to erect business houses or residences thereon within a reasonable time.   Lots now on sale at prices ranging from $50 to  $200.   Terms, half cash balance in a year.    Gall on or address GEORGE A. BIGELOW,  16 East Baker Street, Nelson, B. G.  BRANCH   OFFICE.  A bniiM-b ollice of Tin: Tuiut'Ni:, with .Air. It: II. ICemp  in ehuige. ha- been opened in Kn-.lo. Mr. Kemp is authorized lo receipt for suhseripl ions and contract for advertisements. Prospectors and uiinenwiiors are re'iuesled  to give b iiu in foi million regarding I heir claims and mines  and any such informal ion will receive his careful at ten-  fion.    VIOLATING    ITS   CHARTER   OBLIGATIONS.  Hef'ore I.nilding tlie railroad from Robson on tlie Columbia, river to Nelson on  tlie west arm of Kootenay lake the Canadian i.icific liai'lway Company 'was  granted a liberal bonus in land from tlie  province and the usual cash railway subsidy from the,Dominion government. If  Tim Tin husk is not mistaken, the province has passed title to the granted land  and the Dominion has handed over the  full amount of the cash subsidy. Notwithstanding this has been done, the railway remains incomplete, in that it has  not been continuously operated. Last  Avinter the road wtis not operated for  months, and the present indications  are that it will not be operated this.  This is not because the road has not been  a. profitable feeder for the main line  of the Canadian Pacific railway, for  it is within bounds to state that its  cost lias almost already been repaid  from the business that it has brought the  parent company. Then why is the railway not operated in tho winter as well  its in the ..tuniner.    Simply because  tlie  The People of Ireland the Most Virtuous in  Europe.  A table of statistics of illegitimacy in  Europe, published by Dv. Albert Lef'fing-  well, shows the Irish to be the most virtuous of all the peoples, the ratio of illegitimate  births among them being 2(5 in  evevy 1000.   TJie Knglish rate-is '18, and  the Scotch  S2  per   KM).    Thus   we   may  roughly say that for every child born out  of   wedlock   in   Ireland   two are born   in  England and three in Scotland.  In Europe  tit large, Ireland is closely followed in its  place  of honor  by  .Russia  with the low  rate of 28 per I(XX)', and by Holland, with  the rate of  .2 per KXX).    the Italian and  .I'Yench   rates tire respectively 7*1 and 82  per  1000,  comparable  with   the   rate   in  ���Scotland. Among the countries that show  the  highest proportions of   illegitimacy  tire Sweden, .Saxony, Bavaria,  and Austria, in which the rates range from 100 to  MO per 1000.    Austria, is at  the opposite  pole from Ireland, and  takes the lowest  place in morality among  the  l_ti.op.aii  nations, with a, rate of .1.-10 per 1000.    The  incpiiry  into  the causes of   these  varying rates of illegitimacy raises complicated  and interesting problems. The causes generally supposed, to be principal factors in  the matter are poverty, ignorance and the  contamination of great cities.   Examining the influence of these, Dr. Leffingwell  finds it very slight,    in Ireland the loAvest  rates are in the poorest counties.    Russia,  with one of tlie lowest rates, is one of the  poorest countries; and the author affirms  '"there is nowhere such uniform relation  between   the  indigence of a  people aiid  the prevalence of illegitimacy as to justify  the hypothesis that this phase of moral  delinquency  in  any district or country  can be accurately described as caused by  its poverty.    As little can the influence of  great cities account for the prevalence of  illegitimacy.   Education  and  creed  ap-,  '��� .-JLit  (NOTAltV   1'UltUC.)  Stone Block, KASLO.  MINES  AND  REAL ESTATE  I lock my wallet on 10th December. Buyers, get your agreements, quick, from B. H. LEE, Kaslo, or me. Success phenomenal.  Situation immense. Tinkle, Tinkle! the silver-laden sleighs, along  Hector street, day in and day out. All kinds of business men wanted.  Final advertisement. G- M. SPROAT, Nelson,  Dealer in  Townsites.  SOU-: AOKNT KOIt TIIK  Town    of   Watson  The bush ions c-cnli . for the Kiislo-.louui miiio;  MA.N'AC'...;    AOKNT     I'OU  X__A_._RIDO-  Till! ko}* to the Ki'eitt Liirdo nnd I'uiicun River C.'iunps.  \v. j. \vn.so.\\  M*.  l'KI!I)UI*.  Wilson .&. Perdue.  Nelson and Kaslo.  Will coiil.nicl  to supply iniiiiiiK noiiipiuiies and sl.cmii-  boals wilh fresh incuts, mid delivcM- same at any mine  or liindinx in   the   Koolenay  Lake country.  NELSON Office ancl Market, 11 East Baker St.  ICASLO MARKET, Front Street.  FURNITURE _ PUIS I & J. TAYLOR,  Lots can now be secured in this most desirable portion of the city. Lots 50 by 125  feet  for  sale.   Corners  $75;  inside -$50.  Terms,  One-Third down,  One-Third 9 months.  One-Third 6 months,  jas. Mcdonald & co.  JOSEPHINE  STREET, NELSON,      -       -      -  Carry full lines of all kind.-' of  J< iirnituru for residences, hotels.  and olliees. . Mattresses made lo  order, and  ut prices lower than  eastern and coast manufacturers.  TIIKY  AUK ALSO AOKNTM  l*OI{  Evans Pianos and Doherty Organs  Slocan Trading & Navigation Company, Ltd.  "TORONTO SAFE WORKS;"  : Toronto, Ontario,  Families wisliiiitr to liuild residences canohlitin  lai'Ker lols if desired.   A   line  stream   of   wider on  the  land,  available for household  purposes.    For further particulars apply   to  jbl __^_._rsriD_E]_RSO-isr.  MA.Vl'KACT. KHItS  OK  FIRE-PROOF  BURGLAR-PROOF  The company's AI jiassetiKer and freight, steiunei1  W. HUNTER  .1. A. KSTAW'OOI. Master  will make regular trips duriiiK* the wilder season from  New Denver to the head and the lower end of .Sloean  lake. At the head of lhe lake passengers can lake the  trail for Nakusp, on I In: Columbia river, _) miles distant;  and ut. the lower end pack and saddle animals can always  hi! obtained to convoy freight and passengers to Slocun  OoHKintf, on the ('oluinl)ia& Kootenay railway,.'_ niilcn  distant. Kor rates apply on hoard.  Nov.Hibo. l.*.!*, lay*-*. W. C. M.IC1NNON, Huv'y.  VAULT  DOORS.  FRED. J. SQUIRE,  ff\ere\)3i)k  O3I-0r ��� BAKER STREET,  NELSON,  HAS O.V   DI.SI'I.AY  A   I'Ul.I.  ItANUK OK  Plain and Fancy Worsted Suitings,  Scotch and Irish Tweeds and Serges.  ���'���AM.  AND  WINTKIt flOODK .VOW  ON   HANI).  PBICBS TO STJXT T__C__ _?I_VE3_S  Stone's  Building-,   KASLO  CITY.  General Agent.  OFFICE, Victoria, B.C.  WORKS, Nanaimo, B.C.  MANUFACTURERS   OF  lasting and Sporting Powder.  WlfOr-TCSAMO  dioalkus is       ���-  SAFETY FUSE DETONATORS.  Branch Office and Magazine  at NELSON.  ELECTRIC BLASTING APPARATUS.  G. C. TUNSTALL, Jr.,  Nelson Agent.  Nelson   Livery Stable  J-assouKers and hiiKKiif,-   transferred  to and   from the  railway depot, and sleamhoal landing.    Krcijflit  hauled and job leainine; done.   Stove  wood foi- siilo.  WU-SON & YVIIXIAM.SON J'UOI'HIKTOIW J  BANK OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.  _*TOTICB.  Ml*. Oranffo V. Holt has been appointed acting agent of  of till! Hank's llranoli at. Nelson, vice I{. Forrester IJiily,  who is no longer in tho Hank's service.  WM, C. VVAltl),  Vi-toria, I*. C, November l.-illi, 18J'& _1aim/;or.  _^ ���-.#-���  P  _-_x**��r.">. iJL"  "i.-ift_'.i.t  ���^_^a  ���'."'-.'s-lij  ������_���-:. -'-VI THE  TRIBUNE:   NELSON,  B.C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER  8,  1892.  NEW   PROCESS- FOR    TREATING   ORES.  AGENT  1  I  the  Capital,  Rest,  all paid,  up,     -  Sir DONALD A.  SMITH   Hon.  C! HO.  A.  IlllUMMONI),.  l-:. a. ci-Ouston,   $12,000,000  6,000,000   President   Vice-1'resident   General _ lanager  stretch of- fre.-ili water, to an oarsman's  eye. in the world. O'Connor was there  again a year ago with Hanlan, and in 1.91  and last; summer rowed double races with  Hanlan as a. partner.  N  _sr__XjSO_Nr _3__,__.isro__:  W. Cor. Baker and Stanley Streets.       mtW-lll-'K in   LONDON   (England),   NEW YORK   CHICAGO,  and in the principal cities iu Canada.  Uuy and sell Sterling  lOxchango "and Cable Transfers  (.���KANT (.i.M.MKI1. IAI, A.\'l> TU.WHLI.HIIS' (Jltl'l  .TS,  available in any part of Ihe world.  [>i'Ai-*Th! ik.s-.ki>; coi.mixtions .maiu:; ktc.  . SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  I (.AT I-" OK INTKKKtjT (al present.) KOUI! I'erCenl.  ANK OF  RITISH COLUMBIA  (Incorporated by Knyal Charter,  Capital (paid up) ��600,000    .  (Willi   power to increase.)  Reserve Fund   -   ��220,000    .  , i_i*.'.)  $3,000,000  $1,100,000  Branches  'Xelson. ti.C. Victoria, H.C...  Viincouver, H.C. Nanaimo, H.C.  New W'estiniiisLei1. H.C. K'aiuloop:  .B.C.  j San I'V.-iucLsi  \. Seat I Ic.  ni, liiUi.,  le.   Wash.  1'orllanil, Ore..  , Vacuum.  Wash.  HKAD   OK I1'I CIO:  (JO   Lombard struct,   LONDON',   Knt;.  Ag*ents and Correspondents  CAN ADA���Hank of "Montreal and braiK-hos:  Canailian Jimil*. ol' Commerce and branches;  Imperial Hank of Canada and brunches.  Commercial Hank of JNIaniloba; and  Bank of Nova Scotia.  UNLTKD STATES���Ayehts Hank Montreal, New York:  Bank of Montreal, Chicago.  SAVINGS    DEPARTMENT.,  Interest, at the rate of 1  por cent per annum  will be'  allowed on all time deposits at present.  A   CHAMPION   DEAD.  One   of  Canada's   Great  Oarsmen,   Who   Was  Seldom Defeated.  .  William O'Connor', the clia'ni])ion -oarsman ot! America, Avho-diedweok before  last, .was borii in Toronto, May -Mfch, 1803.,  He stood 5 feet 9 inches, and in racing con-  pounds.   He,began his  ..ditiou.weighed 1(5-1  career as an aintiteur, and first came into  prominence as a member of the Don Amateur IIowing Club of Toronto in 1882.    In  the following  year  he   won   the  junior  singles, in   the  Canadian Association  regatta  at HainiHon,  and   in  1881, having  joined the Toronto Rowing Club, with his  partner Con  1-iiright, he won the senior  doubles both fit.the Canadian and,United  States national'regattas.    Iii ].(���).-> he and  Enright again Avon the Caiuidiaiidoubles,  but were ruled out a.s_ doubtful .-unatours  by tJie National Association,    lie entered  the ranks of the professionals in the year  :i.S;., when he challenged S. Hit'/ for��� $ 1000  aside.    Hit/, declined  to row, and in the  same year O'Connor met and defeated II.  Stone,   of   Minneapolis.      Then    in    1887  O'Connor beat Albert liamiii, but in  his  race, at l.uiTalo, his boat  was .swamped  and  Kdward  iianlan  won, O'Connor taking   third   place,   well   up.    lie defeated  Peterson in a single-sculling race in March,  1888, at Han Francisco, anil-'the California  sports went broke.   .On   August 1.11i   he  boat George Lee in a, .match.on Toronto  bay.    He now challenged Teenier to row  for   the   championship,' . au.d   while  that  sculler wtis making np his mind he rowed  in  a  race  at Sturgeon   Point,   defeating  .bike  Gaudaur,  G.   \V.  Lee,   and   II.   l3.  Wise.-   Teenier' and   O'Connor at length  came to terms, and on November 24th the  Toronto  man   won  the chanipioii.ship of  America, on the Potomac at 'Washington  City,   the   tinie   being   20*:.j.      lie  next  traveled to  England  and  in September,  1889, was beaten on the Thames by II. E.  Searle of Sydney, New South A Vales, who  died soon after.    O'Connor was not satis-  lied with that beating, but on returning  to  Canada   resolved   to   visit Australia'.  This lie did, and  on April 1 Ith, ��� I ��<)(), he  was   twice   beaten   by .lames Htaubury,  who was the last man Searle won from  previous, to making his ill-fated journey  to  England.    O'Connor returned home a  disappointed man to become the proprietor of his  late brother's hotel,    lie  was  still champion of America., aud, being the  last man defeated  by Hearle, was virtually, until Stnnbury 'conquered him, the  champion of the world, although hisclaini  Avas disputed.    O'Connor  visited Seattle  in May, 1889, and rowed on .Lake Union on  Decoration day with Lee, Hanim, tind Pot-  erson.    O'Connor   never   lost  an   opportunity  in  his  travels'to speak  of Lake  Washington,' near Seattle, as, tho linest  Husbands That Are Not Henpecked.  Tho laws of the Pueblo Indians of New  Mexico  are simple,   but  admirable  and  are thoroughly enforced.    Crime is practically unknown and for occasional lapses  the offender is induced tp.jail by handcuffs  more civilized than our own, since'it fits  about   the   neck,    and    the   culprit   can  neither be tortured by it, nor reach nor  pull back upon his captors.    The gentleness .of  officials and   laymen' is   always  notable.    A resistor is never clubbed nor  choked    iur-o   acquiescence,   but  is   overpowered   without a scratch.    A drunken  vagabond   once shot a  woman in   Isleta  ancl (led.    A posse with rides pursued and  soon overtook him.    He intrenched himself and was ready to shoot the first who  should come nearer.    Instead of silencing  him   with  a   bullet as there was perfect  justice  in  doing,  Auguazil  ordered   him  dislodged   with    stones.    A   deft   throw  stunned him and Jie was captured,  with  one unimportant bruise.    This is a typical   case.    The social corner-stone  is not  tho family, but the clan.    Husband and  wife must belong to dilTerent gontes, and  the  children   follow  her clan.    In   other  words descent is from the mother and not  from   the   father.    The   Pueblo   had   invented a\-oman's rights before any Caucasian acquired that social insomnia, and it  remains one of his fundaments.    He lias  "never used his wife as a pack beast,    lie  i.s not henpecked, but just, and even finds  no shame in "toting'' the baby upon his  back all day Avhen  he has no more essential duty.   The spheres of the sexes are  clearly     doiined.     but    manfully.     The  woman   is complete owner of  the house  and   all   it   contains   save   his   personal  trinkets, and she has no other work to do  than   house   work,  tit   which   she   is   no  sloven.    Should her husband ill-treat her,  she could   permanently evict  him   from  home and would   be upheld  in  so doing.  The nuin tills the fields and they tire his;  but. after the crops are housed, she litis  equal voice in-thoir disposition,    The live  stock is of course his, but he Avill seldom  sell   an   animal   without   consulting   his  wife.    The   family   relations    are   A*ery  beautiful. .  A Great Strike Declared Off.  The great strike at Carnegie's Homestead  steel, works has been declared off  after a live months' struggle, Avhich for  bitterness Avas probably never equalled  iu America.   The army of strikers finally  decided to give up the fight.   This action  was taken at a meeting* of the lodges of  the Amalgamated Association at. Homestead.   The vote stood 101 iii favor of declaring   the   strike   off   and   ninety-one  against  it.    The   officials'addressed, tlie-  members and  in -plain Avords told them  the strike was lost, and advised them to  take 'steps to better their condition.   The  remarks  met with   considerable   opposition,  but   when the   A'ote was  taken  it  showed a. majority of ton in favor of declaring the strike off.   A member of the  advisory board said  he had been trying  to get  the strike  declared  off for some  weeks,   as he  knew   it  was  lost,   and   it  would ha ve been better for the men, as a  great many more would have gotten their,  places back.    Those who cannot get back  are in a bad fix, tis the relief funds will  be stopped and many hundreds of .them  have nothing to live on.    Tlie people of  Homestead, especially'the business men,  are highly_elated  over the fact that tho  strike is oIT, for if it had continued much  longer  it   would   have  ruined   the  town.  Many business houses foil into the hands  of the sheriff since the strike has boon on.  The  strike tit ono  time involved nearly  1 (),()()() men, and   the  loss  iu .wages  wiil  roach, it is said, in   the neighborhood of  .*p2.()()0.()(H).    Then there is the immense loss  to  the  firm   which cannot be estimated,  but which conservative people think is at  least double the amount lost by the men  in wtigos.    To this can  bo added   nearly  half a   million  dollars  paid   to the state  troops, and the costs to the county of Allegheny for the riot,  the treason charges  and   other   causes   growing  out   of   the  strike.   At  least   thirty-five   deaths,   directly or indirectly,  were caused by the  strike.  in respect of both  these powerful drugs,  the  horse can say Avith   lady   Macbeth:  "That which liath made them drunk hath  made me bold."   However that may be,  we confess we view with some alarm the  possibility of such formidable "pick-me-  ups" becoming fashionable among human  athletes.    By   the   scientific   use   of  the  imagination it is easy to form mental pictures of pugilists Avho ha.A'c .just received  a  "nasty  blow"  in  some tender part of  their   anatomy   finding   balm   for   their  wounds  in the Gilead  of the morphine  syringe, or of oarsmen who are "going to  pieces" being braced up for fresh efforts  by injections of ether or strychnine, or of  "'pumped out" runners getting their Avind  again by recourse to tlie oxygen bottle.  Caffeine and all the newest heart stimulants would, of course, be kept "on tap"  ou   every   avoII-regulated    ground.    The  presence of an  experienced  doctor   ..Ml  then   be   a.s    indispensable   at   athletic  contests as it is at duels, and a new and  highly promising form of specialism Avill  be opened to an overcrowded profession.  ON   THE   FENCE  Drugging as an Aid to Athletics.  British Medical .Journal: There is an  aspect to the groat military rifle which  seems to have escaped the notice of most  persons, and that is the novel application  of drugging to sport which it exemplifies,  il! it does not inaugurate. Wo read that  lieutenai. Von Mikles and some other  riders, both Austrian and German, only  succeeded in bringing their lame and overridden mounts-to the winning posts by  tlie aid of hypodermic injections of morphine, supplemented in one or two instances l>y the exhibition of heroic doses  of brandy. Now the injection of morphine would appear likely to increase the  suffering of the miserable horses by adding to the pain of fatigue a-forced struggle against the soporific effect of the  morphine. As to the brandy, we know  that as regards the human subject the experience of tho athlete as well as of the  medical world i.s opposed to the use of alcohol when great and continuous exertion  has to bo undergone.    Perhaps, however,  On All Great Political and Economic Questions Except That' of Silver.  Senator Stewart of Nevada was recently  asked by a reporter for a San _ Yancisco  paper how he would stand on tJie subject  of tariff reform in the United States son-  ate. "The tariff." replied tlie senator, "i.s  ti matter of small consequence compared  with financial questions. I'm for free silver, and as to the tariff, I stand where  Lincoln stood as to slavery wlien he Avrote  that if the union could be preserved without destroying slavery he was for preserving the union that way, Jjut if the union  could not be saved without the abolition  of slavery, then he was an abolitionist."  "But sup]lose a tariff reform proposition comes up independently altogether  of silver; how will you vote"."  "On the merits of tlie proposition," replied the senator.  "But for or against protection?"  "As you are a ware," continued the senator, impressively, "we have only half as  much coin iu reserve today a.s wo Jiad  eighteen years tisro. Then avo possessed  #.;V.00,()0(j, now we have but$17,000,000, all  gold. TJie banks have discarded silver as  a, basis, and. silver is reduced to the position of credit money. Everybody ought  to-know "that the business of the world  must bear some relation to credit and reserve, and here we see it standing like a  pyramid upended, the annex resting on  that little pedestal of gold. What is the  consequence? Things keep going from  bad to Averse; prices have fallen 40 per  cent in eighteen years, and are still on the  down grade. Every man avIio is not it  lender -wakes up each, day -poorer than  Avhen lie went to bed."  "But  Avhat  is   your  attitude   on   the  tarilF."   ������  "Tariff- legislation, even if wholesome  in itself," replied senator Stewart,  promptly, "is not adequate to relieve  the state of tilings 1 have described.  Until this sih-er question is settled, and  it never will be until it is settled right, no  party can remain in ��� power more than four  years. They Avill give the people sonic  ���-wrong explanation of what alls theiii, and  when it is afforded the opportunity to try  its cure it'"will be found to be useless.  Until the country shall JniA'e a plentiful  supply of money these things 'cannot  mend."  "Will you A'ote to removethe McKinley  duties?"'    .  "Sir," said the senator, "I shall be a  high tariff man, or a low tariff man, or a,  free trade man, according as my position  may _affect silver. All other questions  sink into insignificance beside the money  question.' 1 shall use my vote under all  circumstances toward securing free coinage."  "That is to say you are, as to the tariff,  seriously on tho fence."  "Well," answered Mr. Stewart, "I'd  hardly like to put it that way. But," he  added, "on the fence is good Aiiierica.ii  language after all and expresses my position exactly. I'm for silver first, last, and  all the time, you understand."  An  Invention  Which  May Revolutionize  Smelting Industry.  .'John  Cooke of Silverton,  Colorado, is.  the inventor of a noAv treatment^ for silver  ores.   The ore'is first crushed and ground  into a flour as line as the flour used in  baking.    The powdered  ore  is placed iu  roasting ovens and heated to a red heat,  thus driving off till substances that can  be vaporized by heat, and it comes from  the ovens iu apparently the same form in  which ib went in���that is', pulverized ore.  ���Noav conies the interestinig part of the  process.    In the mill are found eight huge  vats, arranged in pairs.    These vats being  upon a stoop incline, tho first pair sit, as  it  were,  ou ti  stop,   the second pair on  what might be called a second stop, witJi  the tops reaching tJie bottoms of the first  pair, and so on for the four pairs.   .Just  above the  first  pair of vats  is  found a  large bin  of salt.    The first pair of vats  i.s filled with Jiot water and salt, making  a. hot brine to AvhicJi otJier chemicals are  iiddod, which chemicals are unknown to  anyone   except Mr.   Cooke himself,     in  each of the second pair of vats is found a  pair of canvas* bottoms arranged, with a  space between them.    Ou the upper canvas   bottom the  roasted  ore  mentioned  above i.s thrown and tho chemically prepared brine is run in from tJie vats above  wJion the chemicals used  in' tlie solution  break up  the combination in the ore iu  such a way as to allow tin element of the  salt to unite Avith the silver,  wliich coin-  pound being readily soluble, runs off in  solution to the next pair of vats beJow.  These, tlie third pair of vats, are supplied  ��� AvitJi large plates of copper. Aveighing 250  pounds each.   This copper has an affinity  for the silver compound wliich it immediately attracts to its surface.    The silver,  Avhich has a white appearance, can readily  bo seen collecting on  the copper.    'When  till the silver has Idccii collected from the  solution, the'copper  plates are removed  and the silver scraped from their surface.  Near tJie third   pair of vats  is  found it  press where the si Ivor compound is pressed  into bricks.    Outside of the mill is a neat  brick building, resembling an assay office,  where the bricks are refined and the process is completed.  Going back to tJie vats,  tho solution from the tJiird pan, after all  the silver has boon attracted out by the  copper plates, is run into a  fourth pair  of vats and from there pumped baek into  the first pair to be used again, tJius allowing of no waste.  P00DI��:-: D0(,  F^taiirapt,  Next   Door   to   the   Madden   Hotel,  ��� NELSON, B. C.  CHARLES PHILLIPS, - - Proprietor.  JOHN JOHNSON, Prop.  Extensive Improvements  low Completed.  The only restaurant, in Nelson Hint keep-* open  AND  NIGHT,  __T68  _*]____  ALL ROOMS REFITTED  and- Refurnished.  -Finest Wines, Liquors and  Cijjar-* in the lUnrket-  _T THE  IIAII,  PRIVATE    BOXES   FOR    LADIES.  Lucky and Unlucky Miners.  Georgo Konnery, "I.eace River Dick,"  and Dutica.ii Mel. irmiad, throe veteran  niiners, arrived at Victoria, from Lone  crook,.Omineca district, last week. They  have $K',()()() for their season's work taken  from a spot discovered last year, and  the clcan-up includes one nugget of pure  gold running over $200. Another miner  whoso expedition litis not boon so successful is AVilliain Molkie, tin export and prospector' of Baker City, Oregon. Thirty  years ago his brother, now dead, was a  miner in this province, tind during the  course of a. trip over the Queen Charlotte  islands, .stumbled upon a silver ledge of  unusual richness. Ho gathered a few  specimens and returned for machinery  and men to work tlie find. Then sickness  seized him, tind on his deathbed ho gave  the secret of the mine's location to his  brother. The latter had never been able  to afford search till now, and a month  ago Jie started to find the claim, lie  found the landmarks given verified, but  was driven homo by cold before? reaching  the ledge. He will start again next  spring, and in the meantime **.Molkio's  lost ledge," which is famous among the  pioneer miners, must boar tho old  name.  Beat's a Resemblance to Our Earth.  On tJie authority of tlie late Richard  A. Proctor, so far as telescopes and physical researches have yet led, in size, in situation and destiny, in the length of her  seasons and of Jier rotation, in the figure  of her orbit and in the amount of light  and heat sJie receives from the sun Venus  boars a more striking resemblance to the  earth than any orb within the solar system. In fact tJiero is no other pair of  planets between which so many antilogies  can be traced tis between Venus and tJie  earth.  Uranus   and   Neptune   tire   similar   in  many respects, but they differ in tit least  as many.    Jupiter and Saturn are,  in a  sense, brother giants of the solar system,  "while tlie dwarf orbs, Mars'and .Mercury,  present many striking points of similarity,  but between none of these pairs can avo  trace so many features of resemblance as  those which characterize the twin planets  Venus   and  Terra.    Had Venus a  moon  like the earth we might doubt whether,  in  the Avhole   universe,   two orbs   exist  which are so strikingly similar to each  other.    Indeed, it is by ho means certain  that Venus has not a moon, Montaigne,  I-odikier,    Horrebon,     Monthaven     aiitl  others   having seen  a body near Venus  'which presented a phase similar to that  of 'the'-planet,   precisely  as   a   satellite  would have done.    Venus has a'"day of  about twenty-eight hours- and   twenty-  one minutes and a year of 224 days and  seventeen   hours   nearly.   The   distance  from the sun is something less than three-  fourths of that which separates the sun  from Us.   'It is clear that merely  in tho  greater .proximity of Venus to  the sun  there  is  little to render at least a large  proportion of her surface unhabitable by  such beings as exist on our earth.    In her  temperate and subarctic regions a climate  -which we should find  well suited to our  reciuironionts might very well exist, while  the polar regions might correspond to our  temperate, zones tind be the abode of the  most active tind enterprising ra.ee existing upon her surface.    On-the whole the  evidence we have points A'ory'strongly to  Venus  as  the abode of  living creatures  not unlike the inhabitants of the earth.  Big Winnings at Faro.  As faro is a. game that can now bo indulged ii Vat Ivaslo, the following will bo  of interest to the boys who occasionally  take ti whirl at it:  ���'-Al" Smith, whoso fame as a- sporting  man is international, made the greatest  play of his life in New Vork last week  against a'faro bank. He won $22,*100,  $20,000 of it being tit one sifting, and yet  he is not satisfied. He went to the gtiin-  bling house kept by Darden <y, Fitzgerald  on West Twenty-eighth street near Fifth  avenue and bought $200 worth of chilis.  He played till that night and far into the  next day, tind then, exhausted by' the  long strain, he took a short sleep. Upon  a wakening he again wont to the faro layout and resumed his play. When hungry,  or thirsty he ordered sandu iches .and  champagne and still played on. After  two days and two nights of play he was  $20,000'winner. Dardon had to go deep  into tho bank "roll" to cash the checks  which Smith passer I over tins board. Several times the player had till the checks  in the rack and the bank had to buy them  back. When Smith left the gambling  house ho wtis still under the influence of  liquor. lie carried Jiis winnings to the  rooms of his partner, turned them over  to him and then went to sleep. When he  awoke ho took another whirl tit flic faro  bank. "I.just want to win my far fare,"  he sa"d to the dealer. He was $2100 winner in an hour tind "cashed in." His winnings of the last few days are the biggest  in the east since " Kole" I'e.'irsall tind  "'Dink" Oil vis made their famous plunges,  tind they equal this big plays made by Pat  Slicedv in the west.  . NELSON, B. 0.  -     JAMES BARCLAY, Manager.  Special  Attention to Miners.  Rooms First-Class.  Rates Moderate.  OOTENAY :���  Vernon Street, Neap Josephine.  NELSON, B. C.  OPPOSITE   CITY WHARF.  AXEL JOHNSON, Proprietor.  This rest tin null still mnnt.-iins its old established rcputti-  tation fortfivint; lliu  BEST  MEAL  IN THE  KOOTENAY  LAKE  COUNTRY.  The Hotel Overlooks  The Kootenay  Us giu-si..-- thus olitiiiniii}; splendid  Views of both iiioimeiiii and river.  Front St., Near Steamboat Landing,  KASLO,   B.C.  _?I_VLlN'&-]\JcI_-VY,     -   -   Froiu'iotor.-.  The Booms  ���AltK CO.MI-'OHTAIII.I-: IX  The Table  IS'TIIK   HKST   IN   TIIK  .M.eXT.U.VS.  Special Attention to Miners.  THE   BAR  IS   FIRST-CLASS.  EN -:- HOUSE  Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B.C.;  Till1*  MOST Ol/'ISIN'K  THIO   HKST  Tin-:  liKOS  .HKST OF  KV'I-'I-YTHJXG  -:- d'ALENE  Jrl'OJEC  Front Street,  KASLO,  B. C,  JOHN    F.   WARD,    Manager.  The Very Best  of  Everything*.  *-.+-.+  H-r-l-f  rf++-  i4~---'  I.HBGRAND HOTEL  NELSON, B. C.  THOMAS   MADDEN,   Prop.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  With ;i frontage touiirds ICooleimy river, iind W newly  furnished tlirnnirlioiil.  _______   TABLE  supplied with everythiiiK in Hie market, the Uitehen  being under the ii-unc-lint-- supervision of a  caterer of l-ir-jt; experience.  The Bar is Stocked  With the Best Brands  OK   IIIIKH,   AI.I*.   WINK,   WHISKY   ,\SI) CIUAI1.-*.  Hansen   &   Blomberg*,   Proprietors.  Closest Hotel  to  Steamboat  Landing.  THE BAR CARRIES CHOICE! BRANDS  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC LIQUORS.  5f?e   JFJE/TiOffX  BAST  NELSON  BAKER   ST.,  IS (INK 111-'  Till-:   HKST  lldTlil.S  ill Tuiid Mounti-ln district, unil is the headquarter  prospectors ami worUiiif^ miner.-!.  MALONE    &    TREGILLUS,    Props  INTEBNATIIIAL  Cor. West Vernon and Stanley Streets,  NELSON, B.C.  First-Class in Everything1.  Tho International has a comfortahly furnished parlor  ladies, and the iuoiiis are larf^e and furnished  newly  throu^ho'il.  for  for  MERCHANTS -:- HOTEL.  THE BEST APPOINTED HOUSE  IN NELSON.   mini; ni'T cikiici: i.limits if kit  in  stuck.   Corning & Clements,  Props.  THE  TABLE   IS  NOT   SURPASSED  HV   ANV   IIOTI'I.   IN   tiik   kootknav   cihnticv.  A Sll.Utl* OK THANSIKNT TUAMl-* SOI.ICITKI).  The  Jas.  Sample Room Is Stocked with Choice  Liquors and Cigars,  Dawson & B.  Proprietors.  Craddock,  ���������������U'l'lION'K  13.  I -I  5Sg_______^__f__$S!E_^^ THE  TEIBtJNE:   NELSON, B.C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER  8,  1892.  l*-3  ���I  -______:_,__:_.s   i_>r-  WINES, LIQUORS and CIGARS  GROCERIES A SPECIALTY.  THIS    WEEK'S    NEW    ADVERTISEMENTS.  C icgcrich, Ainsworth and ICaslo���General nierehan-  II.  disc,  John I,. RotiUIaok, ICaslo  Bank of Hritish Columbia.  Richardson & Ilealoy, Nelson  -and loans.  Province  of   Hritish   Columbia���Notice  court, of revision and appeal.  .Simpson   __   West,   Hear  Lake   City���Application  hotel lieen.se.  Owner, Nelson��� Sewing machine for sale.  I'own lots in Lardo.  and ICaslo���Real estate  of  siLting of  for  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  There was a time in Kaslo when a dollar  bill looked bigger than the lithographed  maps of tJie town, or a mineral eJaim  talceti ii]) under the law of '92. But a great  change has been gradually evolved in the  past few weeks. Ji*ivst, it was next to impossible to find anyone Avit.li less than a  #50 bill; but since I_. E. Coy returned from  Tacoma -with a grip filled Avith oris]) notes  ou -which three figures are engraved, tlie  people of that booming burg scorn to  handle anything else than $500 bills.  The customs collections at the port of  Kootenay Lake amounted to over $3000  last weetc. Yet, when asked to give tlie  people of this section adequate mail facilities, tlie Dominion government blandly  has been received and fyled,"and nothing  smiles and -writes, "Your communication  more.  No ice was encountered in Kootenay  river by the Nelson on her Monday's trip.  The cold sua]) Tuesday night, however,  probably closed the river.  The poles for the Kaslo extension of the  telephone company's lines are all in, and  tJie work of stringing -wire -was commenced on Wednesday. Most of the wire  for the extension, however, is.at Revelstoke, tind tJie "work will necessarily be  delayed.  "Bill" Hunter, one of the pioneers -who  settled at the mouth of Carpenter creek  in the early 00s, was in Nelson on Monday  and left next day for home, going by tho  "way of tlie Slocan river trail, which is  pronounced in first-class condition���probably because so few travel over it.  On Sunday next there will be an excursion from Kaslo to the new town of Lardo,  at the north end of Kootenay lake. The  steamer Ainsworth has been chartered  for the occasion.  On the down trip Wednesday the Ains-  .   worth was delayed several hours by the  breaking of an eccentric rod.  A coal oil famine i.s threatened in Kaslo.  Tlie merchants of that healthy young  "city" have plenty of the illuminating  fluid somewhere en route.  Mr. and Mrs. Scott McDonald are comfortably domiciled in one of the Wheeler  cottages at Ainsworth.  Rev. Mr. Rogers of Nelson has been appointed to conduct the examination of  public school scholars who wish to enter  the high school. The first examination  will be held on the 21st instant, at the  close of the present school term. Formerly applicants had to go to.Kamloops,  which worked a hardship on scholars resitting on Kootenay lake.  TJie Kaslo Transportation Company  started its stages on the 3rd instant, making daily trips to Bear creek. Commencing next week they Avill run through to  Bear lake, but will probably only leave  Kaslo every other day. The company, so  far, have had all the passenger trail ic  they could well accommodate.  W. II. Walbey, who has been canvassing* Nelson for Williams's directory, Victoria, reports haying collected 571 names  for thtit publication.  The Aldous stock of groceries was  purchased by J. Fred. Hume Ac Co., and  the latter firm is now prepared to stock  the whole lake country with baking powder tind chromos.  Tlie first Canadian mail for a month of  Sundays reached Nelson on Wednesday  af tern .on, and was received with pleasure  by "remittance" men and cursed by  those who received sight drafts and other  evidences of indebtedness.  Bonner's Ferry Herald, 3rd: "l.llis  Williams has brought an action against  the Columbia Ac Kootney Steam Navigation Company to recover $300 damages  for alleged injury to a boom of saw logs  he Jiad anchored in the river above Galena,  landing. His complaint alleged that the  steamer Nelson intentionally ran into the  boom tind a Howes the logs to floatjdowii  the stream, The matter will be called up  for trial on the 7th. A question as to tJie  extent of one's riglit to use the river for  Jogging wMJ. be decided."  A former citizen of the United States,  but who is now one of tJie queen's own,  ���fired  forty-six  shots   tlie  other day at  Kaslo, not as a departing salute to the  country which he quit cold, but in honor  of the arrival of tlie first shipment of  Freddy Lee ore over the wagon* road  which was built mainly through his enterprise and   pluck.  Captain G. F. Hay ward has been appointed freighb agent at Kaslo for tho different steamboats plying to that point. A  first-class man should have a bettor wharf  on which to transact business.  John Keen, chief engineer of the projected Kaslo & Slocan railway, returned  to Kaslo last week from Victoria. He is  now out at Spokane on business connected  with the building of tJie road.  G. B. "Wright is back from Spokane, and  is making efforts to induce the Canadian  Pacific railway people to keep the Nelson-  Robson branch in operation during the  winter in connection with the steamers  on tlie Columbia and the Spokane Ac  Northern road.  The first firemen's ball in Kaslo was attended by one of tho town's best known  young hotel men, as a matter of course.  The following morning at daybreak he  was in the rear of his hotel, witli a ball  programme in one hand and the hotel  cow's ear iu the other, and was heard to  say in a polite and mellow maimer: "O,  do d;inee tJiis set with me."  John B. Wilson has 'purchased lot 1,  block S, coruei' of Front and Third streets,  Kaslo, for $1500���$00 per front���tlie highest price paid for realty in that town. D.  P. Kane was the man that received the  $1500.  Michael Flathcrty, a pioneer prospector,  and Con Dougherty, a favorite cook, are  the latest arrivals at Kaslo from the Coeur  d'Aloncs.  The roof is on the Episcopal church at  Balfour. Tlie building is 25.-10 feet with  three 10x12 rooms annexed. The funds  were furnished by a lady resident in England; the work of construction is being  done by Hillyer Ac Perkins.  Mrs. Brennand, wife of the late James  Brennand, started for her old home tit  Castle Rock, Colorado, on Sunday. She  wtis accompanied by her father, Charles  Wood house, who has been at Kaslo since  the death of Mr. Brennand.  W. J. Hennessey, J. G. McGuigan, and  T. J. Road ley, all of Kaslo, went out to  Spokane ou Sunday ou mining business.  "Bob" Wixon, -who litis had a contract  for improving the yards surrounding the  government buildings at Nelson, is once  more open for employment. Tlie government job was not a. remunerative one, iind  "Bob" prefers to work for the telephone  company.  Thomas Johnson, tJie promoter of the  proposed big tunnel at Ainsworth, is expected in next week to take another look  at tlie ground.  The Nelson Sawmill Company,s ���mill,  ���two miles south of Nelson, runs part of  tJie time in cutting orders for Kaslo builders. It i.s the only mill in the lake country, in operation, that has any number of  logs ou hand.  Among other mining men who arrived  at Kaslo from the outside on Monday  night were J. E. Boss, S. D. Porter, W.  II. Morrill, and "colonel" Russell.  Lane C. Gilliam of Spokane is up in the  Slocan district hunting for a prospect  that can be developed into a mine by an  outlay of capital.  A rumor to the effect that G. O. Buchanan has disposed of his saw tind planing mills at Kaslo is in circulation. The  plant is one of the most complete on  Kootenay lake, and the timber limits that  will go with the mills comprise several  thousand acres of the finest timber in  West Kootenay.  The Wilson & Perdue outfit were only a  day and a half in driving the band of  beef cattle from Kaslo to Three Forks.  Nineteen head were slaughtered at Three  Forks tind four head at New Denver.  This firm will, hereafter, keep all the  mines and camps in the Kaslo aud Slocan  districts'supplied with fresh beef.  Captain Gore, purser Patton, and others  of the crew of the steamer Lytton, were  in Xelson on Saturday, and reported their  hist effort to reach iievelstoke a failure  because of an ice jam in tlie Columbia, at  a point about fourteen miles south of the  town.  Assessor Gil'fin and his chief clerk are  busy mailing notices of assessment for the  year ISO. to the taxpayers of the district.  All who believe their assessments too high  will have an opportunity to have their  wrongs righted   before  Mr.   Fitzstubbs,  judge of  the court of revision and  ap-  peal, on Saturday, December 31st.  A. E. Burton, who, along with the Mc-  Arthur boys, litis been at work corduroying .stretches of the Kaslo wagon road,  was at Nelson on Tuesday. He reports  the wagon road practically completed to  Bear Creek, which is about five miles  from Bear lake. A sleigh road will be  made from the creek to the lake. TJie  snow at Bear creek is about three feet  deep.  II. Giegerich says he can now be honestly paragraphed as the "most prominent  merchant in Ainsworth" since "judge"  Bob Green has decided to remove to'Kaslo.  A pretty steamboat race occurred on  Kootenay Jake on Sunday. After it avji.s  over the captain of one of the boats was  heard to exclaim: "Blank it! I believe  the only boat Ave can betit is the Idaho  when it is towing a barge."  Snowed in in the Big Bend.  Revelstoke Star, November 20th: "G.  Laforme intended returning from Big  Bend with his ptick train, but it is hardly  likely that any communication can be had  with the cam]) until next summer, as the  snow on the mountains is quite six feet  deep, and iu many parts of the trail there  are passes which are dangerous at all  times. There i.s quite a little colony at  the Bend this winter, and they have  ample .supplies to last still spring. There  is also plenty of hay for tlie horses and  cattle, and though cut off from the rest of  the world tliere i.s nothing to prevent  their having a merry Christinas."  _vr__;i_o_E_:____sr_:s  Stoves, and Tinware.  Plumbing  and  Tin-Roofing^ a  Specialty.    Stocks  full  and   complete in every Department, and the Public will find it  to their advantage to inspect Goods and compare Prices.  John A. Turner,  ger.  East Vernon Street, Nelson.  School Report. *  Below are given in order of class standing the names of pupils of Nelson public  school for month of November:  Class V.���W. _ to. torris. J ray Robinson, Robert -McLeod, Gertrude Robinson, Jasper I .mir.  Class III.���Etta Muir, Mabel Col well, Julin Corning.  N'elson Kuclmn.-in.  Class II.���Ray May. John Duliamel, Loo Ruehanan.  Sammy Stucky, Mary Brown.  Class I.���Man Corning, Sadie Stuart, Robbie Bell.  Harry Farley, Oscar Robinson, Willie West, Jennie  Stuart.  Average attendance, IS; I .mctualitv. 7G; Number  enrolled. 21. STKLLA   KANE, Teacher.  W. I TEETZEL & C  CHEMISTS and  A huge and complete slock of the leading  lines of  ",S7vr"_E__:OX__E_!S___\.J_,_E]   _A-_T_TZD   __.BTA.II_.  ^.RO-JSTT   STEEET,  KASLO.  oots, Shoes, tories, flardwape, Iron and Steel.  SUPPLIES.  Drugs,  Chemicals,  Patent Medicines,  Perfumes,  Soaps,  Brushes,  And  Toilet Articles of  Every Description.  Cor. Baker and.  Josephine;  Streets,  Nelson, B. C.  Buy the Best Pianos, Organs and Sewing  Machines.  We buy direct from the manufacturers. Make your purchases from the  undersigned and save agents' commission. Twenty-five per cent saved by  doing so.  BUY THE BEST  HIGH GRADE WATCHES,  Precious    Stones, *  Silverware,  Clocks, and Tableware of  all   kinds kept in stock.  We Sell  Karn Pianos and Organs.  We Sell  Mason-Risch  Pianos.  We Sell  All kinds of Sewing Machines.  Central Office  of the  Kootenay Lake  Telephone.  T. J. ROADJ.ICV.  MATHKW GUTIIR1K.  CI. W.  KrCHAltDHON,  Nelson.  J. Hi:ai.i:v,  Kaslo.  Bickabdson & Bealey  REAL ESTATE  FINANCIAL"-:- AGENTS  $10,000  TO LOAN  ON REAL ESTATE  SECURITY.  West Kootenay Electoral District. ^  A Court of Revision and Appeal, under the "Assessment Act 18S8," and amendments, will be held at the  Court House, Xelson, on .Saturday, the .'list day of December, 1892, at the hour of 10 in the forenoon.  x. kit:, stum us,  JikIkc of the Court of Revision and Appeal.  Nelson, December(Jth, W.Y2.  APPLICATION   FOR   HOTEL   LICENSE.  REAL  ESTATE AND  MINES.  Commission  Merchants  ancl   Insurance  Agents.  Desirable Kaslo Property on Easy Terms.     A Long List of Kaslo-Slocan Mining  Properties for Sale.  Assessment Work Done and Abstracts Furnished Outside Parties.    Conveyancing.  OFFICE   __J_T   T___:___    STOITE    _3TTII_IDI_NrG-3   FROITT   STIE.DEIST,   E_ASLO.  THE  KASLO  W  :-   TRANSPORTATION   -:  LL    _RTT_Isr    ZD_A_IX_-^-    STAGES  NOTICB is hereby given that the undersigned intend  to apply before the government, iikoiiI, at, Xelson for  TO  TERMINUS  OF KASLO  WAGON ROAD,  RETURNING SAME DAY.  Freight forwarded with care and despatch to any point in the Kaslo-  Slocan   District.   First-Class  Saddle   Horses   for  Hire.  STAGE   LEAVES KASLO at  7 a.m.  sharp   every   morning,  Sunday  included.    RETURNING LEAVES Terminus of Road at 3 p.m.  "I. .  a license for a hotel at Hear  district.  Jjiku (Jit  \V  GORMAN' W'Kaf,  Item1 I_ik o City, Doe. Ut, 1802.  ,y, West ICootenay  /. SIMPSON.  S-A-.N'T---   CI___.-_rS   IS   COI_CI_STC3-  And intends sending his supplies iu advance to  TURNER BROS.  No. 2, Houston Block, Baker Street, NELSON.  Music, Stationery, Toys, Books.  J"G_E_ _P_A__R_E__IIIsr  NELSON, B.C.  Plasterer, Bricklayer and Stone-Mason.  Contracts taken for work at all points in West Kooteimy.  HOTEL   PHAIR.  Until the opening of nav gation in the spring, the  Hotel Phair dining-room will be closed, (.'nests ean procure meals at. the Poodle Dog Restaurant at, .-id cents por  meal. Rooms in the hotel can be hud at the rate of $1  for transients; special rates for rooms rented by the week  or month. 10. K. PIIAIR, I'roprictor.  Nelson, II.C, December 1st, lift..  f  I  \  I


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