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The Tribune Dec 22, 1894

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 li  I  Presents an Unequalled Field for the Developer  of  Mineral   Claims   showing   Gold,  Silver,  Copper, Lead, and Zinc, as Well'as for  the Inv'esto" in Producing Mines.  ompleted or Under Construction and  oat   Lines   in   Operation   Make   thp  ning   Camps  and  Towns   in   Kootenay  Accessible   the  Year   Round.  ri-IIRD   mR.-JsT0. r>.  n-  nelson, rmmsi-r Columbia, Saturday, deci_mdj.r 22, \.$n  TWO DOLLARS A YEAR.  THE MINES AND THEIR OUTPUT.  "1. -. ��� >J  A Fairly Good Tonnage Going  Out Over the  Nakusp & Slocan Railway.  si,o:-.\x distukt. Tom-?.  Oucuinl'ur III. - Slocnn Siiii- mine, to On-ului  101  December'20.������������ Keen mine;, lo Omuliii     la  Doeumborill.���Nnlilo Kivu mine, to Omaha...    -15  Doeomuer ai.~Miiinosotu Silver Company, Lo Oiniilm   lo  Decumljui- iO.���Slocuti -Slur mine, to Omalin, ....    1(1  THAU. CKI-'I-'K   I'lSTIMCT.  Deecmliei- !).���I.o "oi mine, l;> l-lvoi-ott  .   IS  Deeembur II.���he Hoi mine, lo Tneoma    \i  Totnl.....;.................  Slnean disl.riel. ore (silver mill Itiiul).  .Trail Ci'eek (li.sl.riel. ore (^ohl)   '      Total ..../. . ..........  Total, so far, for Deecmbor...-..���   Apiiroximiile Value.   Sl!),f>00  ...........   .1..')'.:()  .Si. I.OHO  $11,2(10  ���ii  Mining Company Incorporated.  Tlie War Fugle Mining Company lias  been 'incorporated with.a capital stock of'  $500,000. Stock is subscribed as Follows,  in .snares: Patrick Clark 58,38-J.,...'John.  Noyes 25,000/H. L. Frank 5S,'3-��, William  V'\V-.' i Ioge 2o;()()0, George W. Dickenson 2.1,-  uf)0, J. A. Finch 02,017, A. 13. Campbell 02,-  ��� 010, W. J. C. Wakefield 25.008,'Austin Cor-  . bin, second, (12,500, B.".J. Roberts -11,815,  A. T.Herrick 82,500, B. C. Kingsbury  17,217. Mighty per cent ol' tlie amount of  each share is paid up, making $-100,000,  and leaving a balance ol:'$100,000 unpaid  oh'account''of. subscription. The articles  of incorporation stipulate that the  trustees shall be: P. Clark, ..Spokane.;  .J. A. Finch, Wallace, Idaho: Austin Cor-  bin, II., Spokane; W. .I. 0. W'akofield,  Spokane; A. T. Merrick, Spokane; A. F>.  Campbell, Wallace, Idaho. Spokane is  nanicd as the coinpany's principal place  of business. The objects .specified are to  buy, lease, bond, hold, and operate mineral claims in the United States and -British Columbia; to construct, maintain, and  '-operate'- concentrators, mills, reduction  works, and smelters;'to buy, bond, lease,  and operate railroads, ferries, tramways,  and other means of transportation; to  buy, lease, bond, and locate timber claims,  and to do everything consistent with the  business indicated. The particular purpose of the company is to operate the  War Magic mine in Trail Creek district.  Did not Refuse the Offer.  R, J. Kirkwood  asks Tilt: Timu'XK to  contradict the report that he refused'an    l 0  offer to bond the .McKinnon Ac Kirk wood  claims on Ten-mile creek, Slocan district,  for $20,000, of which $2000 was to be paid  in cash. He says he wrote to the parties  -who wanted the bond that he would accept their terms, but got no reply from  them. On the claims in question are two  parallel veins, one of which has been  traced on the surface for 1500 feet. The  ore is solid for 500 feet of that distance,  as nine open cuts go to show, and from i  to 10 inches wide. The other vein has not  been uncovered to any great extent.  hYoni two samples of ore taken from the  .first-mentioned vein assays of 275 ounces  silver and 78 per cent lead and 070 ounces  silver and 50 per cent lead were obtained.  Mr. Kirk wood claims that the ore will  average 125 ounces silver as it comes from  the vein, and that the I to 10 inches of  solid ore will run from 800 to 500 (unices.  Closed Down.  Work has been suspended at the Morning mine, at Wallace, Idaho, and 100-odd  miners are idle. Since October 1st last  the mine has been worked on the co-operative plan, the average wage made being  less than $8 a day. This being so much  less than the ruling rate in the Cceur  d'Alenes, the miners' union objected to  its members working at a rate that if continued could have bub one result, that is,  reducing the rate at every mine in operation under its control, and the union  members were notified to quit work���and  they quit. The mine could not be operated without the union men, and manager  Huntley closed down.  Have an Advantage.  The men  who are shipping  ore from  mines on the  Kaslo  river slope  of   the  Slocan have one advantage over those on  the Carpenter creek slope. There is  eiu>igh snow on the Kaslo river slope to  run "rawhides" to their full capacity.  Bob .Jackson is sending ore down daiiy  from the Northern Belle to Bel I vi lie,  whence it goes to Kaslo. On the Carpenter creek slope there is not, enough snow  to keep heavily loaded "rawhides" on the  trail, and they are going down from the  Noble Five aiid Reco with 1200 pounds  instead of 1800 to 2000.  Objects to American Teamsters.  .John .1. iMeKiinioii, who has teams hauling ore from the Trail Creek mines to the  steamboat landing at the town of Trail,  was in Nelson on Thursday. Me, of course,  objects to American teamsters getting  contracts on thisside of the line. Were it  not for Americans ;\iul American enterprise, Mr. McKinnon or noother Canadian  would be hauling ore either iu Trail Creek  or anj''other camp in southern Kootenay.  Minor Mining Notes.  On Friday silver was quoted at 00 and  lead at. Sil.O'i.  Tom and Phil MeOovern of Ainsworth  were in Nelson on Monday. Thoyriiiior! Unit the owners  of the Hliidk Diamond and Kittle I'iiil have decided Lo  liOKin sliipiiinic ore from I ho.so properlies.  Byron N. White, manager of the Slocan  Star mine, Sloean dMriet. passed lliron^'li Xelson on  Thursday on his way l.o Spo'.aiio. Ilesniil /Hilltons would  lie .shipped from Ihe Slocan Star tli|- month; but thai  future slilpinijiits wou'd depend upon the price of silver.  Henry Cody, who has been at work at  the Noble Klvc minus, in Slocan ilki-iel, wa-in Nelson  this week, lie reports the Noble five property us never  lot-kiiiK better.  John lleilh, who has a store at Wanela  and a ranch on Ihe Pond d'Orielle riverafew miles above  AVatiela, reports that Ihe (���ondhiie hydraulic company  has moved j|s sawmill to Ids ranch and thai, (hero are  about, ��i().OI)(l feet of h��s in the yard. The mill will soon  beeut.tiiiK lumber and limber for Ihe pier Hint �� ill be  put in at Ihe point whore, the piinipiiiK engine is lobe  placed. A kiihr of men are at work iimkinif a road from  the main m-iil to tlie site of the pier.  Ill charging storage on baggage that is  kept at thu .Nelson depot twenty-four hour's llirou^li no  fault of Ihe owner of the Xmgwiw, the Nelson & Kort  ���Sheppard railway is not makiiiK friends among the people who im|i'oiii���u it.  INCOME   AND   OUTGO/  Where  the Money will  Come and Where  it  will Go for the Year Ending June 30th. 1396.  Dominion of Canada, annual payment of in-  tcre.-|.air> per cent    3 20,1,51 (M  Dominion ol* ('anada. annual payment of subsidy togovernmenfan I legislature.......... 'i.-i.OOO 0-1  nonunion'-of .Canada..'aniitii.il   payment 'of  .grant'icr capita on US, 173 ....  78.538-10  Dominion  of  Canada, annual  payment fur  lands convoyed for railway... .......... ;. 100,000 (JO  Land sales (including estimated collections on  overduep'lymenls)   ...   ...  180,000 00  Land revenue..    ..  I...'-.'.-........'....- (1.000 (II  Timber royalty and lieenscs(including arrears) 40,(100 00  Survev fees...'.....  300 00  Kent*; (exclusive of land)..........  ........... 200 00  .Timber .leases  30.000 00  Kree miners' cerlitlcatos  ... ...'.- . ~*,() 10 00  Mining receipts general   :. 10.000.00  Licenses     .'..........   ..      3,;"i0() 0..I  Heal property tax  Sr> 000 (iO  Personal propurtv tax   - lOo.OOO 00  Wild land tax* ..'.............. 15.000 00  Income tax  ...... 8,000 01)  Iievenuc tax.,   '50.000 01)  Registered taxes (nil denominations)  100 00  Revenue service refunds  150 00  V nes and forfeitures  S,r500 00  Law stamps- :  12.000 00  Probate fees .....:.... 1.000 (HI  Registry fees.......    ....... i0,000 00 :  Bureau of mines   1 500 00  Asylum for the insane  2.000 00  Printing ollice receipts ,.. 5,500 00"  Sale of government properly ��� ��� ��� ���  ... 1.500 00  Reimbursements in aid  0,000 00  Interest.,   .. 5.000 00  Interest on investment of sinking funds  13,000 00  "Chinese .Restriction Act.  189-1"  (Dominion  government refund)  25,000 00  Sate of Consolidated Statutes.   . ������' 50 00  Succession duty:.... ������ -.-.'  ������������ 10.000 00  Misccllancous receipts  10,000 00  DETERMINED   TO   DIE.  In   Carrying out His  Determination He Sacrificed the Life of a Friend.  The Ilevelstoke Mail ol' the loth eontains  tlie Following partieulars ol.' the sad ending ol: Ed Wilson and Andy Whalen':  ''The people of: Ilevelstoke were terribly  shocked Wednesday morning when the  fearful news became known that Andy  Whalen and lid Wilson had been drowned  in the Columbia the'night before. Wilson  had been under the care oF his Friends at  the Victoria hotel For several days, in  consequence,.probably, ot'-the too frequent  and long continued"- use of stimulants.  Malcolm'.Ross was looking after him on  the fatal  night, and it was Feared  that  SENSIBLE   SUGGESTIONS  Regarding the Mining Bureau and School of  Mines Scheme.  To Tin-: FniTou oi-" Tun Triih'nio: I  have read with considerable interest the  opinions oF certain members of the provincial parliament regarding the establishment of a school of niiiies and mineral  exhibit'in the province. W.ere my opinion or influence to 'count for anything, I  should unhesitatingly say'give-up all idea  or the former and by all means establish  ���the latter. -Not-that.I am opposed-to this  branch of education, but 1 consider this  an inopportune time for the government  to assume the expense which will be naturally entailed until the people take'.more  Wilson liiightattempttoilohimself hai-in,; ������ interest  in  the industry of mining, and  Total.  ..:��i,o:'5,'.;s!) 15  Public-debt    Civil government (salaries)    Administration of justice (salm-ies)   Legislation    Public institutions (maintenance)   Hospitals iindcbarities   Administration of justice (other than salaries)  ICducafion   Transport   Rent -..-   Revenue services..   Public Works-  Works and buildings.  .S !?5,!l00  Government, house       2,!)00  .Roads, streets, bridges, and wharves lilO-IOI)  Surveys... .    25,000  Miscellaneous.  Total.....  SI05.120 00  150,350 00  131.S5I 00  211,000 00  18,500 00  ���13.J1.J0 00  02,700 00  203,205 00  10.550 00  ���IS 50  10.000 Oil  323.200 00  117,100 00   ��1.312.777 50  Did Not Get What He Asked For.  The member for tlie south riding of  West Kootenay asked that $23,5C0 be appropriated for roads,'trails, and Other  purposes for his district. He got SpSMOO.  What he asked for was to be apportioned  as follows:  Xew Denver and Throe Koi-ks wagon road ���  Three Forks and Codv Crc-k wagon road ..  Refund lo lh<> City of ICaslo   l-'our-milc Creek road and trail   ���Ton-mile Creek trail   White Grouse Mountain trail    Coat Rive:- trail ��� ������   Lardo trail...    Repairing Ivaslo and Sloean wagon road ���  Repairing Ainsworth wagon road   Repairing Tend Mountain wagon road   Contingent   Hospital at Nelson   I'"ire Dcpnrtmcnt at Nelson   Fire Department at ICaslo   Fire Department at New Denver   ...�� 5.000  1.000  ... 3.000  ... 2,500  750  51.0  500  500  . . 3,000  ... l.OHO  ...  500  ... 2.000  ... 1,000  500  500  ...  250  $-'5,500  The government, in its infinite wisdom,  appropriated���  For roads, streets, bridges, and wharves $S,(.00  Hospital, Nelson     1,000  Fire Department, Nelson     200  Fire Department, ICaslo.     200  SD.-I00  The member for the north riding got���  For roads, streets, bridges, and wharves ��12,000  For road. Fire Valley     1,000  Fire Department, Revelstoke          200  ��13,200  In addition to the above-mentioned appropriations, the district of West Kootenay got���  Assessor and collector, Nelson S 1,200  Registrar supreme and county courts, Nelson  1.200  Gold commissioner. Nelson.  1.020  Mining recorder, Nelson     1,110  Recorder and constable, New Denver  1,200  Government agent and constable, Revelstoke  1,321)  School teacher and incidental expenses, Revelstoke 700  School teacher and incidental expenses, Nelson  8S0  .School Ieacber and incidental expenses, ICaslo  880  School teacher and incidental expenses. Wiiueta... 700  School teacher and incidental expenses, Nakusp... 700  School teacher and incidental expenses, Pilot   Hay 7liO  School teacher and incidental expenses/frail Creek 70)  Repairs to government buildings, north riding  200  Repairs to government buildings, south riding  200  .SII.2I0  Are Manifestly Unfair.  Premier   Davie   said   in   his   campaign  speech at Nelson that once a district was  given representation in a legislative body  it was contrary to the spirit of the constitution to afterwards deprive that district  of representation?   The official who made  up the estiina'es  must have heard that  speech, for he has acted on similar lines in  making the appropriations.   A.s one instance:    The'hospital at   Kamloops lias  been drawing .%���]()()() n   year for  several  years and  the one at  Rarkerville $1000.  Vet neither is likely to have more charity  patients   than   the   hospital   at   Nelson,  which  only gets $1000.   The same  with  the   fire departments of   Kamloops and  Barkerville.   They have each had $;"500 a  year for years.    Kamloops is an incorporated town and contributes little revenue  to  the  province,  while Barkerville  is a  place of no importance.    Nelson, in which  are   located    government    buildings   of  greater  value   than  those in  Kamloops,  and  whose  every dollar   of   taxes   goes  direct to  the  province, gets  but $_00 for  the lire department.    Another instance:  For repairs to government buildings, the  north riding of West Kootenay gets $_00,  the saine amount a.s the south riding gets:  yet there is but one government building  iu the north riding as against six in the  south  riding.   These appropriations are  manifestly unfair.  as some of his actions had pointed that  way.   About midnight he took a. walk to  the rear of the hotel'which stands only a  few feet from tlie river bank, and Hoss  and Whalen, with a  lantern,  went out  with 'hiin.     On   their   return   Ross  was  ahead, looking frequently back to sec that  Wilson  was  following, but he suddenly  rushed  behind a  building'and slid over  the bank in  the snow���-the bank being  quite steep and  nearly  forty feet high.  Boss cried out ..'.*,He's gone," and rushed  after him, only a Few  seconds  behind.  Wilson  made.'directly towards the open  water across some intervening ice, which  was not strong and broke through with  their weight.   -Wilson then ran down the  river For several yards, Boss directing his  course so as to overtake and,head him off;  but Wilson turned toward the river, and  throwing his  hat on the ice, rushed into  the water.   Meantiine, Whalen  had  rallied the men iu the hotel, and about half a  dozen came running to the river, bringing  a long pole.  Wilson was a good -..swimmer,'  keeping near the shore but beyond reach,  and when  the pole (which  had. a cross-  piece'on- it for clearing snow From roofs)  was pushed near him, so that he could  have seized it by merely stretching out  his  hand, he refused  to touch  it.    Ross  waded out until he nearly lost his footing  and the other men joined hands and, with  the pole, tried to get hold of Wilson, but  he refused to be helped and swam away.  Whalen then went down the river a.hundred yards,   perhaps,   where there is   a  small island iu shallow water, and where  the water 'makes, a riffle  in  passing  it.  Wilson came quite near the shore at this  place, almost within reach, aud Whalen,  regardless of  himself, as lie  could   not  swini a stroke, rushed in, and whether he J  threw hiinse.f toward   Wilson   to grasp'  hold of  him or lost his footing and fell  headlong into the river cannot be known.  Wilson, still Moating and swimming, kept  on the surface for some (jine. and Tom  Home thinks he saw him sink near the  uptown steamer wharf.   But it has since  been proved that it was Whalen who was  i<een splashing iu the water (iff the wharf.  The moon was at the  full,  but  the sky  was overcast, and it was hardly pos.-ible  to distinguish  which  it  was.    An effort  was made to  get out Mr. Home's'boat,  but it was  too late.   Boss says Wilson  made only.one outcry after coming to the  surface from the first plunge, which he  understood to be "God help mo.*'    He was  determined  to  throw himself away and  Andrew  Whalen  lost his life trying to  save  his   friend.   All  the   men   worked  bravely and some risked their own lives,  being in the cold water up to their necks."  The Cause of His Death.  The marquis of Breadalbane, who was  present  when   sir  John   Thompson  was  stricken, makes thisstateinent: "1 saw sir  John at the platform at i'addington and  traveled to 'Windsor in the same saloon  with him. He appeared to be all right  then and afterwards at the meeting.  After he was sworn in as a privy councillor he retired to the luncheon room, and  while we were sitting there he suddenly  Fainted. One of the servants and I each  took an arm and got him into the next  room and placed him beside the window.  I got some water and sent the servant for  brandy. In a short time he recovered  somewhat and seemed much distressed at  having made what he regarded as a scene,  remarking: 'Itseems too weak and foolish  to faint like this." I replied: 'One does  not faint on purpose: pray do not distress  yourself   about   the   matter.'     He   then  have some use for tlie number.of graduates that would be turned out annually  From such an institution. Another."matter,-book learning never yet made a mining engineer, metallurgist, or "expert," it  is the experience gained which counts.  Take the number of men who have -made'  a success in mining and how few'graduates  from schools of mines you will find  among their ranks. Nearly all, it will be  Found, are those who acquire their knowledge by experience. If a person pores  over certain text books under the eye of-  a professor,-and in time has the right conferred upon him', by the. faculty ..of.the  college or school to affix nearly half the  letters in'the alphabet to his name, thai6  doesn't make him a miner, a;metallurgist,  or geologist without the practice.  Our'representaciyc'Mr. Hume, has evidently come in contact with the modern'  '���"expert," whose stock in trade is usually  "gall" and a smooth tongue, and who may  have picked tip a Few scientific, terms to  use when he. has a listener. Tie classes  them as "no good," and in that terse sentence tells-the exact truth. The principles taught iu schools oF mines are geology, mineralogy, metallurgy, etc., practically the same as in our colleges and  universities. Should a young man desire  to perfect himself in the ground work, he  already has within the Dominion of Canada alma maters such as Mc.Gill, Toronto,  Kingston, and others. After he has acquired the rudiments of such sciences a.s  are necessary in the professions, he can  enter upon a course of practical experience which in the end, it.will be found, is  the best.'  .But-first, I would urge the necessity of  establishing a. thorough mineral collection  .in at least one of the largest cities of the  "x'basfc-in -our-province. .Having had considerable experience in this particular  line. I know whereof I speak- when extolling its advantages, provided it is conducted iu a proper manner. Vet I have  no axe lo grind in the mutter and am not  seeking the appointment of mineralogist  or a job in any other capacity from the  province.  First, two suitable rooms connected in a  favorable locality should be secured one,  say 20 feet square to be used for a reading  and writing room, tbe walls hung with  maps and charts of the different mining  sections. This room is for the use of visitors who may desire to rest, write a letter, read theminingcampor other papers,  or look up information on the maps. The  other, or exhibit room, should be, say 2~>  by 80 Feet, conveniently arranged with  tables For holding the many ore specimens. Samples From each particular section or mining district should be kept by  themselves and properly labeled. The  best method of marking I have met with  is to spread a small quantity of plaster of  paris on the ore, which when it hardens  can be written on with a pen or pencil.  This substance adheres to the rock as  firmly as though it were part and parcel  of the same.  A number of mineral cabinets to hold  small, rare, or valuable specimens should  be provided. If care and taste i.s used in  the arrangement of ores aud minerals the  entire room, no matter what its size may  be, will present the attractive anil beautiful appearance of a vast mineral cabinet.  The question of collecting a repre-*enta-  tive display of the various ores, minerals,  clays, coals, rocks, etc., of the province is  not so difficult or expensive as may be  surmised by a novice. Individual owners  of such properties as wiil be represented  are always willing to contribute a specimen or sample.    The pres*. of the country  profitable resource of the country which  otherwise they would have to travel hundreds of miles over rough mountain trails  and endure greater or less privations to  obtain.  Of till the products of a country, its ores  and minerals are the ones ..which can best-  endure a permanent exhibition. They  will keep:to- the end of time, Where the  products of the field and forest will not,  hence -agricultural produce is shown at  certai ii seasons at \vh;i t a re termed fa i rs.  Begin by a first-class'mineral collection  placed where the greatest benefit will be  derived From it, see what interest the  people of the province take in the industry of mining, ascertain by this method in  a measure how niany_ desire the education  afforded, b'y a .school of mines,: and, if  Found practicable inaugerate such a  branch oF learning, hut, in all reason,  would it not be best to have first a, permanent mineral exhibit somewhat on the  plan'as J have attempted to outline.  Baxdall H. Kicmiv  Kaslo, December 17th.  HOW   MANY   MEN-  IS   UNIQUELY   DISTINCT.  begged me to return to my luncheon, but I can always be counted on to aid such an  of course I would not hear of this. I remained with him till he seemed to have  completely recovered and he rose to accompany me back to the luncheon room.  I offered him my arm, but he walked unaided, lie cheerfully remarked, '1 am  all right now, thank you.' Meantime. Br.  Heid, the queen's physician, whom I had  sent for, arrived within two or three minutes after sir John returned to the luncheon room, and, I believe, before he ta-*lod  his cutlet or whatever had been placed  before him, I saw him suddenly lurch over  and fall almost into Dr. Heid'sarins Al  the request of the doctor, the ladies,-it the  table went out. The doctor. I, and souk;  servants alone remained. We did all possible, hut I felt his pulse and was confident that no aid would avail him. The  doctor held the same view, which, unhappily, proved to be but loo correct. So far  as I could see, sir John had been in good  health up to the lirst seizure, but I believe  he told Dr. Beid he had had pains in the  chest."  Draws it Mild.  The Vancouver News-Advertiser draws  it mild when it says that the judiciary of  this province needs a shaking up. If the  bar of the province had just ihe least bit  of independence which it- has not the  shaking up would have taken place long  ago. Judges like Mr. justice Orease should  not he allowed to sit on the bench for a  day.  entorpri.-.e by calling attention to it.  while the various t ransportai ion lines,  should I hey not carry such exhibits gratis,  are generally willing to make a handsome  rebate.  The most   important   item in the whole  arrangement is the mineralogist in charge  lie should be a  man of plca>aul   addre-s.  well   versed   in  geology and mineralogy.  !  He should have a Lliormigli   knowledge of  j mining, concent rat ion. Ihe various iiielh-  { ods of reduction and   general  manipulation  of ores.    His duties would   require  hiin to he at his post during certain hours  so as to entertain visitors and answer any  and all questions that may be put lo him  regarding  the dilTerent mining sections  and    processes   of   treating   the   various  kinds of ores.    He should have a   knowledge of each  principal  disl riel. mine or  works, so ;iny reasonable inquiry could be  answered.    His salary should be MiFlicienl  to support  him   iu  comfort so he would  not be templed  to u**e his position in aiding  wild   cat   schemes   or   using   hi.-*   hill nonce For or against any proposed inining  deal.  When such an instil ut ion is in proper  running order, if is .surprising what an  at fraction it soon become- and what interest the public generally lake iu it. Il  soon (Mhical.es the most ilisintorc-l ed in  the importance of I he mining iudusi ry. as  it is a kindergarten and leaches by object-  lesson. Visitors from abroad can iu a lew  moments   acquire   information   about   a  Kootenay Has a Town That Has Never Been  Surveyed Into Town Lots.  .Bell vi lie, on Kaslo creek, I7i miles from  Kaslo, has suddenly sprung into a place  ���of some -importance. A telegraph oflice  has been established, with J. J. McFeeters,  formerly of New Denver, in charge, .lames  Dell has received notice that a postoffice,  to bear the name of Bellville, would soon  be one of the local fixtures, and iiecoiilcl  in the future sign "P. M." after his name.  SVilliam Roberts, of the C.reat Northern  hotel, Kaslo, has leased the Bell quarters  and is fixing up for. hotel purposes and a  general store. The hotel will be called  the Telegraph house. Messrs. Baumgarde  & McKaiii have leased the Jackson house  from Mr. Waldron and appear to be doing.  an excellent trade. A new road is being  cleared through the place, which willgive  travelers the choice of a route -past either  diotel.  Coy Ac Co. arc running along tunnel to  tap the Pauper's Dream, and Winstead &  Co. are doing the same to open up tlie  Ivaslo at quite a depth. These claims- are  on the north- side uf Kaslo creek, quite  near the town, and '-'keep, several men  busy. Healthy "symptoms"' of silver  wealth on the surface is said to be the incentive for this vast a mount of dearl work.  Bawhiding from the Northern Belle and  Bon Ton claims, up Jackson creek, gives  the place an air of prosperity.  Bellville, though not a- boomed town  and possibly intended to be to the east  side of the Slocan range whatThree Forks-  is to the west side, enjoys one distinction  entirely dilTerent from any other place of  two or more inhabitants in British Columbia-. There are no. town lots for stile  and very probably never will be. Not  even a surveyor's stake as yet is planted  in the ground. Another feature of (he-  place i.s '" Uncle Jim," who litis been in this  province since the waters subsided after  the great deluge (Noah's, not the flood  1801); who knows this western country  from Behring sen to California's golde'n  sands and from the new parliament building in Victoria to the summit of the Rockies; who knows every mountain, lake,  and stream, every mining camp, buffalo  wallow, and place of interest in the province. To hear "I'liele Jim" tell his experiences makes this tenderfoot listen in  open-mouthed astonishment until his teeth  itrop out and the old-timer wish he was  in Coolgardie searching for gold on his  hands and knees.  Bellville will no don fit be heard from in  the future, not because of the desirability  of its corner lots, hut because of the many  prospective mines in its near vicinity.  The Wellington and many other claims of  Whitewater creek are tributary to this  point.  Railways unci Steamboats.  After January 1st. John L. Lawrence,  formerly of Kamloops, will be agent and  trainmaster of the Nakusp & Sloean railway and be stationed at Nakusp; Oeorge  Thomas, now agent, of the Columbia A:  Kootenay at Bohson. will be agent, at  Three Forks: William Fraser will beagent  at Wilson creek. One crew will operate  all trains and will be iu charge of conductor (icorge (Jrahain and engineer " Billy"  Barnl'aI her. ()n the Columbia \- Kootenay, Fwd Williamson will lake conductor (iraham's place and S. I'. Shaw will he  agent at liobson. On the lieve|>toke -V:  Arrow Lake branch. eoiMtiici ion work i��  heing pushed south of I he Wigwam, and  if is said t hat t rains will run to the uppei  end of Arrow lake in January. The  steamer Nelson could not get t hroiigh to  Bonner's Ferry on 'i'ne.-day and turned  back a I Bykerl's. Captain .Mc.Morris reports | he ice solid for _."> miles of thedi-.-  lance down the river from llykert's t.o  the lake and From half an inch to an inch  and a half in lhickiic-s. The steamer  I.ytfoii will hereafter make but oneliipa  week between Ib-ve!-.!oke and Bohson  (down on Friday and back on Saturday;,  owing to the amount of ore that i.** to be  handled north From Nakusp.  The In.-iiui- Asylum Atrocities'.  Those who have read the report of the  coiiimis-ioii who invest igaled the insane  asylum nl New Westminster say t hat (.he  atrocities perprelritted on the bunnies of  I ha I in-! ii ui.ion arc beyond belief. Vet,  New West mills! er is I he cent er of t he religious eh-in cut of I lie province; but. I hen,  most of I he al rocilies that have been perpetrated in all count lies and in all ages-  were perpetrated in the interest of religion.  Will Be at Work in Slocan District if Silver  Drops to Fifty?  The Slocan Prospector, like the Nelson  Miner, says that mining in the Slocan can  be";made pay even if the price of silver  goes below what it has been quoted at  recently. .The Miner says the rich ores of  the Slocan  willpay like a charm  with  silver at 02, and The Prospector says a  number of the mines can  be profitably  worked with   silver  at  a().     While the  editor of The Miner and the editor of The  Prospector are both  men who have had  years of experience in raising turnips and  cabbages, neither has had that experience  in mining to warrant them in making-iny  statement as to the cost of producing an  ounce of silver in the Slocan or anywhere  else.   The consensus of opinion of men  like senator Jones of Nevada, superintendent, Hall of the Alice  mine at Butte,  Montana, R. C. Chambers, manager of the  .Ontario.mine.at Park City, Utah, senator  Teller ot Colorado, and others avIio have  followed    silver   mining  in   the   United  States for many years, is that silver cannot be mined  at a  profit when  the product sells below $1 an ounce.    It is true,  that exceptionally rich mines, when fully  developed, may be worked profitably, for  a time,With bil vera t even at); but there are  no such mines in the Slocan'.   The Slocan  Star, the one milie. in  that district that  has passed the prospect stage of development, is in no sense a developed mine. All  the others will require the expenditure of  thousands of dollars to develop them so  that ore shipments can be made continuously.   And until a mine can make continuous shipments it is not a mine.  What  mine, aside from the Slocan Star. can.ship  even twenty tons of ore daily for a period  -.of-twelve.months*- ..Yet twenty tons of  ore is.not considered a large output for a  mine that is worked to pay dividends.  There are probably twenty prospects in  Slocan in which ore con hi be mined for  the next thirty days at a profit with silver  at its present price; but what about the  cost of the work that has been done  on them in the -past and what about  the cost of the Vvork that will have  to be done on them before they can  be worked another month profitably,  to say nothing about working the'in  profitably for any great length of time?  It is safe to say that t hei e is not- a prospect in the Slocan country that has yet  paid a dollar of profit to'the men who  worked them. And it is equally safe to  say that there will not be a man at work  in a mine in the Sloean country when silver drops to .HO, and very few when it  drops to 08.  Were Strictly Accurate.  Ii) commenting on Mr. justice Crease's  report on   the   charges prferred  against  captain   Fitzstubbs,   TllK   Tiiiiiu.vh said  the    investigation    was    not    thorough  and complete, because no effort was made  to find out whether the money was actually expended on government work or 011  ���private   account.   The   Miner  says   this  statement i.s absolutely devoid of truth.  This narrows the question down to one of  veracity  between  The   .Miner  and   TllK  Timihwi*.    The evidence of captain Fitzstubbs should not betaken into account,  unless corroborated  by other witnesses.  Captain    Fitzstubbs   testified    that   the  money obtained on the false voucher was  expended  on the government reserve at  Nelson.    As the government does not appropriate money to be expended  in making Mower beds around the private quarters of  local  officials,   even   when   they  are   situate on   land  reserved   for  government purposes, it does not seem clear  to   us why money expended  in   making  flower beds   around captain   Fit/stubb's  private    quarters    could    be    expended  on    government   account.      No    witness  testilicd    that   the   work   he    was   paid  for was done on government account; 011  the other  hand, they  lest died   that the  work  they did   was for  Mr.  Fitzstubbs.  Had the investigation been thorough, it  could easily have been  proved   that one  man   who   was  importuned   to  make an  aflidavit to save captain  Fitzstubbs (and  he did make the aflidavit-) had hauled dirt  for t he captain in September and October,  and   was not   paid   tor  the hauling until  November.     Vet,   according   lo   captain  Fitzs!iibl/-."s   testimony,  money   was  obtained on faIm* vouchers in  August to reimburse him   for work   that  was done in  September aud  October, and   for  which  ihe man who did the work was not paid  until  November.   The above is sufficient  to show  -uiy  fair-minded   man   that the  statement, made by Till-; Tllllir.VK was accurate.    As to The.Miner, its opinions do  not count, at least  in   Kootenay. wheieit  is known.  FlffhtiiiK a Oolilliit;;.  TheSpokane Review is making a strong  light against John   |���   Wilson, who is a  candidate   for  the  Fnited  Slates  senate  From  the state  of  Washington.    Wilson  is a goldbug, and the Review favors put-  ling none init. silver men on guard. The  Review'is right. The Fast always elects  men to congress who are in sympathy  with eastern ideas and interests, and it is  time t he West did t hcsaine. There should  be no room ill the West for an aspirant  for oflice who i.s not iu favor of restoring  silver to its former place as money. Asido  I'rom his being an anti-silver man, Wilson  is a lightweight physically and intellectually.  '  fi'  ���  ���   *-! ".1  ���  1   -I  ��TS      ������!������  , ..    '  -      I   !���������������   ������'-�� m  |in|   '!���  I'  1  -.  -���*���.-.-->��� .�� --���  I i*  -   -' -,     * ���' J'-      .  '��� ':" /'I  T  I  _���*!  II I I      ���'���nil'T f*r'wm  ���  -J.  . '    .. "1.  "-V.-T-  11>  -III |-�� jli  11|  I -.' ���  1 "      ._.**! ��� *.*���        '' ������*���...  I, I. 2  THE "Tl__U_ffl:. NELSON, B.C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER -22, 1894.  h  7s  e/  Of*.  3-S",  '��.  s  %  -5  n  -S  ./ .;  These goods were bought direct from Manufacturers, and are guaranteed New and of the Latest Designs.  Call and inspect them.    They will be sold cheap.  Corner Bakep and Josephine Streets, /.Nelson,-.'-British Columbia.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  THK THIHUNI-' is published on .Saturdays, by .lonx  Houston & Co., and wi" '"J mailed to subscribers  on payment of Two Doi.i.aush your. --'.subscription  taken for less tlnin a your. .,,,,,     , ,  It KG U LA 11 ADVKItTLSKMKNT.S printed at the following rates: One inch, 8'iii a year; two inches,  SI10 a year; tliree inches SSI a year: four inches.  ��!)�� a year; live inches, ��10,") a year; six inches and  over, at the rate of S1..V) an inch per month. ���  TltANSIKN'T ADVKHTISEMKKTS _0 cents a line for 1  first insertion and 10 cents a line for each additional  insertion.   Hirt.li. limi-riiif?**. and death  notices free.  LOCAL OK RKADING MATTi-'R NOTICES 25 cents a  lino each insertion. .  JOB 1-1UXT1NG at fair rates. All accounts for job  printing and advertising payable on the first of  every month; subscription, in advance.  ADDRESS all communications to  THK TRIHUNK, Xelson, B. G.  D,  PROFESSIONAL  CARDS.  LaBAU, M.D.���Physician and Surgeon.   Rooms Ii  and 1 Houston block, Nelson.   Telephone 12.  Lft. HARRISON', B. A.���Hamster at Law, Convey-  ��� iincer, Nolan- Public. Coinmi.-sioner for taking Alti-  davits for use iu the Courts of British Columbia, etc.  Offices���Ward St., between linker and Vernon, Nelson.  LODGE   MEETINGS.  NELSON LODGE, NO. 'J'". A. V. & A. M. Meets  second Wednesday in each month. .Sojourning  brethren invited.  ��lte ��tlbm-ie*  SATURDAY MORNING DECEMBER ���>���>, ISO I  WHY   CAN'T   THEY   TELL    THE    TRUTH?  For .some reason, every man who lives  north of Nakusp, or is in any way connected with the Canadian Pacific railway,  tries to make it appear that New Denver  i.s an isolated town, as far as the Nakusp  Ac Slocan railway is concerned, hlvcn the  editor of the Ilevelstoke Mail, a man who  lias heen over the ground, is unable to  state facts. He says: '*Leaving Kose-  " bery, the railway skirts the lake for  ���"some distance, and brings into view  "New Denver, the capital of the Slocan  "district-. II- is -l lino townsite and is  " beautifully located on Slocan lake, but  " much to our regret, the railroad does  " not approach nearer to it than about  " two miles, and the exigency of limited  " time did not permit a special visit to it.  '���Should the railway be extended down  " Slocan lakeand river, Xew Denver will  " be the* first station after passing Hose-  '" bery." A.s a matter of fact, the Nakusp  Ac Slocan rail way runs through a corner  of the townsite of New Denver, and the  siding and freight shed are loss than a  mile from the government oflice. That  New Denver is without a passenger station and agent is simply because the men  who built the Nakusp Ac Slocan railway  (with money furnished by the government) had no interest iu the townsite,  and they gave it the go-by. The provincial government allowing them to do it,  for tlie .simple reason that the government  is owned body and soul by the Canadian  Pacific railway and affiliated interests.  The government of no other political division of tin* world, probably, is so absolutely controlled by railway influences as  British Columbia. And in no other country is that influence so utterly mean and  detestable.       Piti-LMIEI. Davik is on record as saying  that the passage of the Kellie tramway  bill would be pernicious in the extreme;  that property would not be safe; and that  no attention would be paid to vested  rights. Jt is strange that a law that works  well in states like Washington, Idaho,  Montana, Colorado, Nevada, and California would be dangerous iu British Columbia. It is also strange that the thirty-  three members of the legislature should  alone have the right to say where a tramway should be located and when it must  be built. The bill does not go far enough,  ft should include railways as well as  tramways. If it did we would have no  more Nakusp Ac Slocan scandals. Jt is  safe to say that the building of that short  railway was the most pernicious job that  was ever perpetrated in Canada, and that  its building not only injured the credit of  the province, but destroyed thousands of  dollars' worth of property on Kootenay  lake without adding a dollar to the tax  roll anywhere else as offsetting compensation. The trouble with premier Davie  i.s that he governs by ancient, not  modern, methods. In any other province  than British Columbia he would not be  idlowed to hold a responsible office.  Wiiktiiku or not a general election is  to be held at an early day or a late day.  it should be the duty of every elector in  Vale and Kootenay to vote .-olid for a  member who will pledge himself to make  an attempt to remove from oflice post-  office inspector l'Metcher. This may work  a hardship on Mr. Mara, the present member; but Mr. Mara has long refused to act  a.s his constituents wish him in this and  other matters, and he will have to step  down and out, to make room for a man  who will do as he i.s told by the people  whose servant he i.s.  Silt John Thompson, premier of the Dominion of Canada, died of heart disease  at Windsor Castle, Kngland, on the l_th  instant. He had just been sworn'in as a  privy councillor. He was the ablest man  in the Dominion government, and probably the ablest man, on cither side, in  parliament, lie died poor, which although  nowadays is no evidence of honesty, but  when coupled with the fact that his name  has never been connected directly or indirectly with steals goes to show that he  was an honest man. Many will deny that  In; was nil .her able or honest, because of  his adherence to the Catholic church. He  will he succeeded as premier by Mackenzie  Howell, minister of trade and commerce,  who owes his position not so much to  ability as to the fact that he is, or was, at  the head of the Orange society in Amer  ica. Canada is tlie only country on earth)  where the one requisite for high political  preferment i.s affiliation with one or the  other of the warring religious sects. Tlie  politician who does not worship God, in  church, stands no show whatever to obtain a seat in a Dominion cabinet.  The people who regard and keep the  seventh day of the week as holy are petitioning the legislature for legislation  that will compel people who differ with  them to do as they do. It is to be hoped  the legislature will pay no heed to the  petitions. Religious zealots are always  intolerant, and intolerance should not he  fostered in British Columbia. One province of the Dominion should be free. The  others are all priest or clergy ridden.  The Revelstoke Mail is in high feather  because the north riding of West .Kootenay has practically dished the south riding in the way of appropriations. The  north riding gets $12,000 for roads and  trails while the south riding gets but  $8000. The people of southern Kootenay  are noted for their generosity. They pay  nearly all the taxes, have rustled and developed the only mines in the district,  have built their own wagon roads, and  will willingly donate their poor neighbors  in the north the $8000 appropriation, if by  so doing the people of the north will only  quit squealing for a year.  With only $>S()(M) for roads and trails in  the south riding of West Kootenay, there  will be no great necessity for keeping  captain Kitzsttibbs longer in the district.  The $H0()O would hardly pay the traveling  expenses of himself and road superintendents, lie had better be sent to the north  riding, where the appropriation is $12,QH0.  BANK OF MONTREAL.  SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT.  NIITICK 'I'"  IH'I'dSlTOI'S.  l-'i-nni I-il JnniMi'v, 1WI.1, unit till further notice, the rati-  of interest allowed on SnviiiK*- Bunk Deposits by this  hunk will he three per cent Hi, I per nniinit>  A. II. BLCIIANAN, Maunder.  Nelson, ���J.Ht.h November, IS'.II.    BANK OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.  SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT.  I'"  NoTifi-: to I'Ki'osrnms.  I'Yoni M .lunimry, IS'.i... and till further notice, the rule  of inlercsi allowed mi SiivIiij,'.*- I''-"1- Deposits by this  bunk will he three per <;entiir l per .uiniiin  ('IIAM'h V. IIOI/I', MnniiKei-  Bunk of Brit Mi Columbia, Nelson, liHth Nov., IMII.  NELSON STABLES.  WILSON  & SEALE,  THJyV-IVESTI-RS.  Contracts for hauling ore mid nicrcliiinilise iniulii with  mine owners and incrclinnls, Job IcninliiK iilteiided to.  Sliiblcon Vernon si reel, opposite Turner K KirkpiilrieU.-t.  Large S  liday Presents.  Prices.  eweier  If to myself there added be  My third, my sixth and live tinies three,  Five score and five the sum will be.  What is my number?   Tell it me.  Multiply the answer to the above by 10 and you will get  an idea of the variety of our new stock of HOLIDAY GOODS. It will be the most complete  collection of the kind ever offered here, and will range from a 5-cent Toy or Xmas Card to a  $15 or $20 Present. Parties at a distance sending us their mail orders can depend on a satisfactory selection.   Staple lines as usual.  IE CARS, TBACK  Stoves, Tinware,  Etc.  MANUFACTURERS' AGENTS. ALL   MINE   SUPPLIES.  kootenay Lake Sawmill  LUMBER YARD,  Foot of Hendryx Street, Nelson.  A full slock of lumber roiiKluind <lres-4e<l. SIiIiikIcs,  laths, sash, doors, inonldlNK.-. el'-- ,'l l'",!V "������������'���;���������'���* '���������*���  clear IIr llooriiitf mid eeilliiK for mil'" ���-������ lo��T-*L *���������-������'������  G. 0. BUCHANAN, Proprietor.  HENRY DAWES, Agent.  Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company, Limited. A  TIME  TABLE  NO. 5,-In Effect August 20th, 1804,  Kaslo Roule---Steamer Nelson.  ConnectIiik mi Sal unlay.*- unit Wednesdays Willi Nelson  Si Kort Sheppard Hallway for Kuslo mid hike points.  I eaves Nelson Leaves kaslo for Nclson-  Moiuliiys ut I 11. in- .Sundays ut 8 a. in.  Wednesdays at ,1:10 p. in.      I uowliiys at .1 a. in.  Thursdays nf I )<���"�� 'I hiirsduys nf 8 ii. in.  Saturdays ut;'.:(l) p.m. Mduys at , a. in.  Conned inL-iHi Tuesdays and Fridays with Nelson & I'orf  Hlieppard railway lor .Spokane.  Revelstoke Route���Steamer Lytton. fcy&t-  CoiinecliiiK with the Canadian I'aeilie Railway (mulii r^Jj  line) for nil points east and west, iOHf?  Leaves Kcvolsfnko on Fridays at I a. tn, i^-fl*.  Leaves Hoi-son on .Saturdays at (i |>. in. ar?Mw  I-*oi- full inrorinntlon, us to tickets, rates, etc., apply al -p$l��  t lie eoinpaiiy'H olilce, Nelson, It. 0. ���*-*-��$?  T. AIXAN, .Secretary.      J. W. TliOUl'. Malinger,   *����fffi  Mm  ,-?���_*���.  raj  ���i-'*<  4-  i,f"_?n",',T*  ...���fcjsr.  ������ % mn  -ft-",  fil T_*-.*  ������'ir;  rm::  tl.   H-"s  ��� "-]./���    >  w.  ���atrn;  3....M'.i  1W THE TRTBUNE:   NELSON, BT C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1804.  i_t - ������ '-----������-*-���-���  ���������ilTiW   ������---'- -���- --/i��.��---m���-T-tr--    -��_j  ----- -..._-_. --.-_,--- T  Capital, all^id. . $12,000,000  Rest,   -   -   -    6,000,000  Sir DONALD A. SMITH President.  Hon. OKO. A. DHUMMOND Vice-President  K. S. CLOLTSTON General Muniigoi*  ItTELSOISr   BEAITCH  N. W. Cop. Baker and Stanley Streets.       llltAX.III-'S IN       LONDON  (England),   NEW YOKE:,   CHICAGO,  mid in the principal cities iu Canada.  ]!uy and sell Sterling Kxehanfjo and Cable Transfers.  filCANT COMJIKKCIAI.  AM) THAVHI.I.KUS' CItHMTS,  available, iii any tuirt of the world.  DUAi-TS issui-i>; coi...i-:ctions .made; ktc.  SAVINGS BANK BRANCH.  HATE OK lN'riCItlCST (at present) H| Per Cent.  After January 1st, ~.i Per Cent.  THE   REAL   JOHN   BURNS.  f  Aims and Ambitions of the Great English  Labor Leader.  John Bums, the English labor leader,  and possibly the greatest labor leader in  the world, is in .Denver, Colorado, attending the annual session of the Federation  of Labor. There is a puzzling resemblance  between the late Thomas Carlyle and  John Burns. It is there in the rugged  leonine head, with its bold frontal development, the features that are hewn rather  than chiseled aud the grim struggle and  determination that pervades the whole  countenance. Here the resemblance ceases.  The mouth is wider with rather full lips  that in laughing display a magnificent.set  of teeth whiter than ivory, square and  even a.s a die. The striking peculiarity of  his face lies in his eyebrows, which, finely  penciled at the end, rise into a heavy arch  of such breadth in the center as to convey  an impression of artificiality. Jiis eye.-,  'lambent, brown in color, are very expressive, luminous almost to softness tit moments when any expression of feeling is  involved, tierce in their intensity and  brightness when he touches tlie sufferings  and hardships of those who toil. Mr.  Burns, as he says himself, looks nearer o()  than the 30 ��� years he actually is. Incessant work and-great responsibility,-together with hard study, have drawn deep  lines about his mouth and tinged his hair  ain.1 carefully trimmed beard with white.  LI-XIIShATlOX  AND  J-AMOK.  In opening the conversation I ventured  the opinion that my own observation led  mo to believe that legislation both local  ind parliamentary was doing much more  for the laboring man than ever before iu  the history of the English people.  '���You are undoubtedly right," replied  Mr. Burns. ''More useful and important  legislation looking to the elevation of the  wage earner has been accomplished in tlie  last six or seven years than in the quarter  of a century proceeding. By slow degrees, for we do not move rapidly in this  country, we are getting a grip on questions that seemed almost in a nebulous  condition a few years ago. For example,  after tremendous work in which the gov-  ernmentand especially the London county  council has assisted, we are dealing satisfactorily with that most disheartening of  all questions���the unemployed."  "How has this been done?"  "Partly by the eight hour law and  partly by cure and discrimination in giving oiit work.   Let me illustrate."  Here Mr. Burns drew a rough diagram  showing the fluctuations of work during a  year. By giving out the public work during the periods when private work was  slack tlie convex lines were met with concave lines and thus something like steady  employment was insured, steady employment without overtime.  Mr. Burns is an opponent of overtime  work. He insists that it is unheal thy and  injurious and that it only leads to periods  of extravagance followed by periods of  non-employment and distress.  "I am working," said Mr. Burns, "for  the well-being and welfare of the working  classes, for their improvement. There  are eight millions of workers in Great  "-Britain, all of whom are overworked.  They get no time to live decently and  give proper time to their wives and families. With them it is all work. This  condition creates an army of unemployed.  At least one million without wages, without purchasing power. This million workers have over 3,000,000 others dependent  upon them. We have found that in every  trade where the eight-hour law has been  enforced employment has been found for  the unemployed while those who work  have lost nothing. As a rule it comes out  of the profits and has possibly increased  the cost of the service."  A TIIKOHV OK WA.-KS.  "Von don't object to this?"  "I do not. J am opposed to the degradation of labor though you will not draw  me into a tariff discussion. Wages are  governed today by the standard of comfort that those who earn them are prepared to accept. The standard of comfort of the mechanic working lifty-four  hours i.s higher than the trainmen working ninety and one hundred. What i.s the  reason? 'Simply this: leisure is the basis  of opportunity." Time to think cultivates  new desires. To lead, a man's life begets  n desire for new ways of satisfying them,  hence a stimulus to trade. These faculties are dormant in the man who works  long hours. A man has no right to be  satisfied with a dog's life, it dog's kennel  to live in, and the anaesthetic chamber of  poverty in which to terminate his exist-  unee." .  "Are you in favor ol an old age pension?  "Not tlie ('haiiiberlain pauper idea, the  pittance of five shillings  per week, less  than it costs to keep a pauper. This is a.  fine outlook after a life of toil. Just think  of it! There are three chances for old  ige in this country as at present organized. If I am thrifty and respectable and  have paid into the proposed Chamberlain  Fund, at 00 I am entitled to five shillings  per week to maintain myself and wife.  On tlie other hand, if I have not been  thrifty, but a corner loafer spending to-  night'what I earn today, a worthless, useless pe.rson. both my wife and J can go to  tlie poor house and'warm our old bones in  comfort for the rest of our days at a public cost of twice what Chamberlain proposes the thrifty, independent man should  have. But worse than all this, there is  yet a third alternative. If I tun a thief  and rob some one i may end my days hi  prison at an expense of from sixteen shillings to eighteen shillings per week to the  sta.te. The fact is, the worthless man has  to be kept in one of three conditions: living on the rates as a pauper in a- non-productive capacity, earning nothing and  costing the country a huge sum in officialism; as a criminal kept in prison���the  worst possible fate for any man; or as a  wanderer about the streets, sponging upon  ���hi-*'fellows or tlie, charitable rich, forced  to live like a vagrant camel upon the  hump of its own melancholic poverty,  slowly getting physically exhausted- morally and mentally degraded, till the manhood is crushed out of him, and he becomes one of those fearful wrecks to whom  death would be the greatest relief. I believe that the cheapest, best, and safest  way of all to prevent the idle man, the  potential loafer, pauper or criminal from  being a burden is to provide him with  work which will be his salvation and the  community's gain."  THIS STATES  DUTY.  "And this at a cost to the state?"  "Why'not? The state must ultimately  take care of him. Why not by exercising  a little care make a man of him ? Disguise  it how we will,-hide-it though we may,  looming 'up i.s the great, the all-absorbing  question of all countries and governments,  in your country, my American friend, as  much, as in our country, to face���how can  the honest worker be provided with-work  uncontainitiated with pauperism's degrading taint and charity's demoralizing aid?  The glib quotation of figures showing  that official pauperism has decreased only  insults the genuine worker who asks for  work, so thtit it may be reduced further  still. But even the official statistics when  shorn of all -their complacent optimism,  reveal the real nature of the problem."  "You have nob much faith iu the rosy  figures of the Board of Trade?"  "'The fact that a cruel administration of  the poor law, which mixes honest and  criminal together, has reduced official  pauperism from forty-six to twenty per  1000 is cold comfort to the men who, by  physical necessity or want of work, tire  compelled to be of the twenty. The  growth of trade unionism, friendly, sick,  loan, co-operative and other agencies that  tlie workers resort to iu times of distress  i.s not recognized a.s a factor in reducing  tlie distress which, in the absence of such  agencies, the poor law would have to  meet. Exploiting the ever-increasing repugnance among the genuine poor _ to  pauper relief, the officials representing  the laissez-faire middle class are determined to throw tlie support of the work-  less, that the rich and poor now sustain,  on the poor "exclusively, who, voluntarily  taxed as they are, cannot carry further  burdens.  "Outside the official pauper class, as Mr.  Charles Booth proves, there are hundreds  of thousands of people whose standard of  life and comfort from the point of view of  food, clothing and house accommodation  is lower than that of the pauper or criminal, yet these people will not accept relief, but struggle on in the vain hope of  work that never comes and which, if it  did, would find them too low to perform it."  A   DANGEROUS   SPORT.  Huntinp-  the   Wild   Wolf  in  Russia  in   Midwinter.  A grandnephew of the Lafayette who  helped the thirteen original states of the  Union to throw off the yoke of Great  Britain is hunting in the Rockies. The  other day he told something about his  favorite sport af wolf hunting, for which  he has become famous in Ilussia. "Wolf  hunting," he said, "is probably the most  dangerous sport there is. With a servant  and a couple of fast horses attached to a  sleigh, I have gone out and baited the  ground for the brutes on numerous occasions," says the Boston Transcript.  "A fat hog tied to a tree never failed to  collect a pack. The trouble was that it  drew too many. The wolves would gather  to the number of 200 or 300 and devour  the pig. Then we could dash upon the  scene and the fun would commence. They  are as licet as a deer. To say that they  areas licet as wolves would be more like  it. They can outrun the horses every  time, ami il they are not picked off as fast  as they come up you might as well give  up the'light and permit yourself to be devoured. 'Imagine yourself making a running light with a band of 300 hungry,  maddened wolves,and with the knowledge  that if one of the fleet little brutes reaches  your horses you are a dead man and you  can possibly imagine what a nervy sport  it is. It requires a cool head and a good  eye. If you miss your mark you're gone,  your only chance in safety is in keeping  your horses up. It i.s generally a long  light. Vou look back and see the carcasses  of the animals dotting the snow for a mile  or two in your wake, and they still pursue  you in great numbers. Slowly the pack  thins out. Many have dropped bleeding  to the ground. Others stop to devour the  carcasses. The more that fall the more  timid the rest become. When you linally  outdistance the pack you have been  through the most t r.ving ordeaI# that the  most ardent sportsman could wish. Yes,  I consider wolf hunting the most dangerous sport there is. Tiger hunting in India  is tame beside it. If you go into the  jungles of India to shoot a tiger you lire  accompanied by a long retinue. Vou  shoot your prey from the howdah of an  elephant.   If you miss your victim, there  are twenty bullets ready for him before  he springs.   A person  might as well  go  tiger hunting in a menagerie  unsatisfactory part o  wolves afford   is  that  through  you haven't anything to show  for your efforts.   But it is great sport."  The'oniy  the sport which  after you  are all  JOHN   BULL,   SANDY,   AND   PAT.  All Three Described in a Characteristic Way  by a Frenchman.  The press of Toronto say Max O'Roll's  lecture on "John Bull, Sandy, and Pat'  was one of the cleverest ever delivered iu  that  city.     His   character   reading  was  greeted with applause and laughter.   In  estimating the character of John Bull, he  said, it was necessary to think of his vast  possessions; he was the biggest landowner  the world had overseen, holding territory  and having colonies in every portion ot  the habitable globe, and these ho keeps  with an army inferior to any other of the  great powers.    Different nations fight for  different reasons���France for glory, Germany for a living, Russia to divert the  attention of her people from home affairs;'  but John Bull fights to promote .trade', to  maintain peace and order, for the good of  mankind, to promote their well-being in  this world and to secure their possession  of the next.   He always takes the Bible  with him when he starts out to acquire  new territory, and when he gets through  the natives have the Bible and he has���  the territory !   The.three great characteristics which" have helped John Bull in his  onward march have been tenacity, coolness of head, and thickness of skin.   He  does nothing by halves, is always-thorough and cautious, with a curious mixture  of the lion, the mule and���the octopus.  The secret of  his success has been   his  ability to make himself at home any where  and   everywhere���he is cosmopolitan  in  the highest degree.   If he is admirable iu  success he is no less admirable in adversity, and knows how to bear humiliation  and defeat until the time comes for him  to take his innings.  As a man of his word  John Bull can be relied upon individually;  as a nation, well, he is the shrewdest of  diplomatists.    He  appreciates   the   fact  that a little is better than nothing, and  thus he lias gradually accumulated  his  vast possessions.   Deeply attached to his  monarchy he is still more deeply attached  to his freedom and liberty, and he'would'  abolish   monarchy  and   constitution tomorrow, as in the seventeenth century,  rather than sacrifice these.   There was,  added the speaker, amid applause,-only'  one nation today, or in the history of the  world, perfectly free, socially and politically, and that nation was the British.  The French and the British were both  given to national boasting, but in a very  different manner. The Frenchman is  noisy, ���.declamatory,; loudly assertive, but  John Bull is so thoroughly satisfied with  his superiority, so sure thatallhisgee.se  are swans, that he does not think it worth  while to say so, and "that's what makes  him so irritating," said the lecturer, lie  i.s thoroughly satisfied with himself in  this world, and quite sure of the next.  "You dear British people," said O'Rell, in  response to the laughter this last remark  caused, "you know it's true that John  Bull considers the kingdom of heaven as  incontestably a British possession as Cau-  ada is." But in the meantime, while waiting to enter into the enjoyment of that  inheritance, he is grateful to the rest of  the world for the services they are rendering him. Italy is providing musicians for  his entertainment, Creese provides an important ingredient for his plum pudding,  while America supplies heiresses for his  poverty-stricken nobility, that they may  take their coat-of-arms out of pawn, little  caring for the fact that often the ancestors of those heiresses had no arms to  their coats.  Turning next to Sandy, Max O'Rell declared him to be a sort of an Englishman,  though it wouldn't do to tell him so. The  Scotchman was sterling, matter-of-fact  industrious, and���he said deliberately--  humorous. Stern, strong, and unyielding  as his native granite, with iron .muscles,  powerful hands, and huge feet���the size  of the latter explained the origin of kilts,  for he could never get those feet through  a pair'of trousers. (Laughter.) Wherever  the Scotchman* went he succeeded, and  that success wits not due to extraordinary  conditions nor to luck as the failures in  life would fain believe. His religion wtts  "Trust in God and rely on yourself," **'-<���  his motto, "Help yourself and heaven  will help you." Scotland was the only  country in the world where the Jews had  never got a footing--if they had stayed  there they would have staned.  Crossing the St. George's channel to  the Green Isle, the speaker occupied the  last few minutes of his address with I'at,  whose proverbial wit he described as pathetic, subtle, and poetical. Iliberniaii-  isms were not the result of stupidity, but  the overflow of intelligence. In all his  travels Max O'Koll declared he had seen  nothing to surpass the intellectual attainments of Irishmen or the beauty of Irishwomen, adding that the places where lie  had seen the loveliest women were in the  streets of Buda-I'esth and the drawing  rooms of Dublin.  Preparing Good Cofl'oe.  The secret of having good coffee is having good coffee. In other words, one can't  make good coffee unless one buys the best  berry. A blending of Java and Mocha,  bought at some reliable shop, is generally  considered the most desirable. Turkish  coffee is made as follows, and, when  rightly concocted, is very line: Tour on  one tablespoon ground coffee to each person one (Mi11 of cold water, and bring to a  boil. Stand for live minutes*, let it come  to a boil again, and serve at once. Ue-  member that filtered coffee should be instantly used as it becomes bitter if it  stands at all. Also, that the biggin, the  water, and the colfeolieirics should all be-  hot for this method of preparing the  drink. An acceptable rule for eoiicoeliiig  it is the following, which has been in  practice in a certain family for nearly  fifty years: .Measure the ground coffee,  allowing a tablcspoonful to each person.  I "ut in  the scalded   coffeepot   with   the  and will soon be in  the valleys;  so do  not delay in getting*  one of Squire's  overcoats and be  prepared for it.  fifteen days.  Squire offers fancy  worsted suiting's at  greatly reduced rates.  Call and examine  before they all go.  be ordered now.  Squire's selection of  worsteds, serges,  Scotch and English  suiting's and trousering's  is very complete.  Corner Baker and Ward Streets, Nelson  E. C.TRAVES- Manager.  HEADQUARTERS  AT   NELSON.  F. J. FARLEY, Treasurer.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN FRESH AND SALT MEATS AND HAMS.  NELSON   MARKET:    BAKER STREET, WEST OF POSTOFFICE.  "Whether you are English,  Canadian,  if you only  Irish, Scotch  or Canadian, it you only call and examine our stock before ordering elsewhere. We have the finest stock in Kootenay District, consisting of Dry Goods. Ready-made Clothing, Men's Furnishings,  Ladies' Fur and Cloth Capes, Cloth Jackets, Blankets, Comforters, Carpets, Oil Cloths, Roots and Shoes, Rubbers, German  Socks, etc., etc., which we are selling at Silver prices for cash.  Call and see us. and we will be pleased to show you our stock.  A. D. AIR FN HEAD, Manager.  crushed shell of an egg and a very little  of the white. Tour on this about half a  cup of cold water and shake well together. Then add about a cup of boiling  water and bring to a boil. Immediately  fill up, as desired, with the boiling water,  and set far back on the stove for five  minutes.  HOUSE  At Corner Baker and Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. C.  Vernon Street,  Nelson, B. C.  THOMAS MADDEN, Prop.  THE MADDEN is Centrally Located, With a  Frontage Towards Kootenay River and  is Newly Furnished Throughout.  THE TABLE is Supplied with Everything in  the Market, the Kitchen Being Under  the Immediate Supervision of a Caterer  of Large Experience.  THE BAR  IS SUI'I'UKI) WITH TIIK BKS.T UKANDS OF A 1,1.  KINDS, OK WINKS, LIQUORS. AND CKJAI.S.  Special Attention to Miners.  HOTEL  Kxleii-ive iinpriivi'iiii'iits now t-nriipli-l��-*l makes  I In; ttlxivf; lintel em! of tin* lic.-l in I lit" city '"'til  for transient giiii>ls niid day hoarders.  FINEST V/INES,  LIQUORS, AND  CIGARS  IN  THE MARKET SOLD AT THE BAR.  JOHN JOHNSON, Proprietor.  en's Furnishings,  Boots and Shoes,  Hats and Caps,  ;wl  Orders for Special Kinds of Goods Received  and Filled Promptly.  East Baker St., Nelson.  Ik out) of the best lioluls- in Toad Mountain district, and  is fin; headquarters for prospector.*, and  worUint?  minors.  MALONE    <���*_   TREGrLLUS.    Prous.  UPS  'fo&y&j*.'  ir--*v-*.-* ���;���  KNI'OKTKI'S  AMI  IMI'OIITKI.'S (IK  ouse  BAR.  Cornel* Stanley and Silica street-, Ni  ',''':'^l"lsimi"1,"|im ^(v'snNKOiiAni.ucK.  Fine  Northern  Furs.  Hides, Tallow, Pelts, and Wool  jas. McMillan & co.  I'l'OI'ltlKTOI*.-*  OK  ���.,*,���....���.,...���.. ; Minneapolis  Main House: 200 to 212 First Avenue, North, j       Sheepskin  MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. j Tannery.  IAVm-*.-  ��� ���*:  r Stanley and Silica si reel-, Nelson,    We arc now > (;0od-  limiKht   ntfld   out ;   no  coiiiini-sion :   fair   -election;   immediate  leliirns.    .Shipping tn^'s furnished upon  il; IheSianleV house liar, and will lie Kind to have  | i'c<|iic.-l.     NO llt'TV on any -,'oods we liaiidle.  '������'.������������������-���������-���������������I'**- ���"-'Kiv.'MsacaU.        I ^  W|J,.,.,,.   K()(,   ,,,,,,.,. (,A,.   (i|v|M.   MT),sT   j,A||KhT   n.lOKS-i.  '.j'lS  '< l"'   -   |---'-*-*   .'-Is-'--.   "      -l-ll.   -.1      -���-��� il^wi��.i*��i��.��f'--'"-'-f--"'.'I |      . .j ������"���    in-n���i-ii. .1.. . .LI HI III               I'll.���       _  -t*_-  ���i  ���,    Ml tf JillM JJ    - ��--  ..-. ���,,s:  K-:  *   . ".     _, -j,-.  THE  TRIBUNE:   NELSON, B.C, SATURDAY, DECEMBEJR-. 22,  1894.  I! i  i  A full Range of Woolen Shirts and Underwear to suit everyone's taste and  pocket. A very complete stock of Boots and Shoes at hard-time prices. Suits,  Coats, and Pants, Rivetted Overalls, Blanket-lined Clothing', P/Jitts and Gloves,  German Socks, Mackinaw Suits, Melissa, Waterproof Coats, Gum Boots, Lumbermen's Rubbers, Snow Excluders and Overshoes.   Call and inspect the stock.  Baker Street,  Nelson.      Telephone  80.  LOCAL   NEWS   AND   GOSSIP.  (Jeortre A. Bi^elow is down at tlie Coast  and by lliis time i.s probably in iiioiirniny over the loss of  I ho uiiicf atlraofion of his ��������� nionsiguriu. a net monkey,  whose remains were shipped him for proper burial,  Charles II. Ink ol" Nelson made tlie Slocan country a first.visit this week, [te returned strong  in the belief that there was more business transacted in  Nelson in one day than in all of tlie other towns in southern ICootenay put together. ���;'''  The Nakusp Ledge is to.be moved to  New Denver. A short time ���������,*���(* The Ledge announced  thai, it would stay at Xalcusp until hades froze over.  Hades must be frozen over.  The   uncertainty   of   the. mail   service  compels persons between Kaslo, Throe Korks, and New  Denver to send the bulk of their mail by mule learn,  passengers on the coach, or footmen, as by this means if  is much more liable to get to its destination. If inlerfers  somewhat with postal revenue, however, as such letters  are generally unstamped.  Married,: at Spokane, on the -2nd instant, at the res deuce of the bride's parents, Samuel  Howard Ureen of ICaslo to Miss Klora Goodwin of Spokane. Sam, if you had done it at. home, we would have  given you a half-column write up; as it is, you get only  our blessing.  Married, at Ivaslo, on the ���17th instant,  at the residence of It. K. Green, .1. William Cockle to  Mi-h Annie ICellett, both of ICaslo.  Married, at Spokane, on Sunday, the  Kith instant, at the residence of A. If. Goldstein, Michael  Klahert.y to Miss Hollo Tli'muis, both of ICaslo. Mr. and  Mrs. Flaherty returned to ICaslo on Thursday.  The "Gunner from Galway," a  noted  ������ro-peetoi* who lias'nf late made Three Korks his abiding  place, had a slight disagreement this we^k with st pen-  diary magistrate Kitzstubbs. The "Gunner" was ordered  lo pav Ihe traveling expenses of himself and n constable  from Three Forks lo Nelson and return, which no doubl  he will do as soon as ho sells a Cariboo creek mine.  Home-made bacon, the first ever sold at Nelson, at John  Oates's Independent Market. Also, roast chickens, tur-  kejs, and ducks; dressed poultry; mutton, veal, pork,  and chicken pics.   Send in your orders.  RELIGIOUS   SOCIETIES.  MK'ITIODIST CHUI'Cir��� Services in Hume's hall on  Sunday at II a. m and at 7:'i() p. in. Morning subject, "A  Strong Combination." Kvening subject, Lessons from  the Life of Sir John Thompson, Late I'romicr of Ihe I'i-  minion of Canada. Prayer ineeting Friday evening a'  8 o'clock.    Kverybody welcome.  PUKSHYTKIMAN CllUUCII-Scrvices on Sunday at  11 a. in. and 7:'iO p. in.  m  FOR CHRISTMAS PRESENTS.  ���   ���   ���' .   ���     f    ��� . c    ��� ���  '  I will sell Fancy Mixed and Fancy Assorted.  Stick Candies'at 121-2 cents a pound.  I will have another shipment of Northwest Territory Butter.  This time in Rolls, put up Specially for Family Trade.  Call and get a Roll.  Oysters and Fresh Fish, Celery and Fancy Apples, Oranges and Lemons,  Pears and Sweet Potatoes, Grapes and all Kinds of Nuts,  u Figs and Confectionery.   The famous  "Rosebud" Cigars a specialty.  OUT OF TOWN ORDERS CAREFULLY FILLED.  Corner Baker and Josephine Streets, Nelson.  Postofflee Box 37.      Telephone 26.  '. In .wishing our customers; the compliments of the season, we take this opportn-"  nity ���'���; of; thanking them for "tHeir������ liberal:  patronage, in 'the past, and beg to inform  them'/tliat' we are sold out of Mince Meat  and Ohromos; but .we are still in-the field'  ���with Christmas Groceries of every descrip-  tion. We have, also, an elegant display of  Orockeiy and Glassware, and sundry goods  suitable for the holiday trade.  Call and see our stock of Aluminium  Kitchen and Tableware. "  Vernon Street, Nelson.  Telephone 27.  BAKER   STREET/NELSON.  and from this time on, or until further notice, we will sell Groceries, Crockeryware, Glassware, Dry Goods, Clothing, Hats,  Boots, Shoes, Furnishing Goods, etc., at a fair profit, for Cash.  Liquors and Cigars, at wholesale only.  M  ll)  _.  /  ('fold Drop I'm Lent Flour, per barrel, $1 15  Lentil Tender '* " M 75  Superfine " " M 50  Roller Oats, per 10-pound sack         I")  Boiler Oats, pet* !i()-poiui(l sack...  Buck wheat. per ID-pound sack   Fnrnin. per ill-pound sack   Sardines, 2 cans for   M 7.5  ���1.1  .50  Corned Reel", per 1-pound can  15  Corned Reel', per 2-pound can  MO  ('hipped Heel', per I-pound can  MO  Chipped Reel', 2 cans for  55  Lunch Tongue, per I-pound can .... -10  liiincli Tongue, 2 cans for  7.5  ()ysters, per I-pound can  1-5  Oysters, 2 l-pouud cans for  '-.5  Oysters, -per 2-pound can  2.5  Oysters, 2 2-poiincI cans for  1-5  Salmon, per I-pound can  20  Picnic limn, per I-pound can  20  Break fast Bacon, per pound  17  Pure Leaf Lard, per pound 1-5  Peaches, dried, per pound  1-5  Prunes, dried, per pound  I ���_  Apricots, dried, per pound  10  Figs, dried, per pound  15  .Boneless Codlish, per pound  15  Smoked Herring, per box  50  Apples, per 100 pounds  M M0  Butter, per pound per tub  21  Raisins, per pound .*. I2A  Potatoes, per Lou  22 00  s  fAyt  ��� ���?._ Swy  r-ft J's.s-'  West Baker Street, Nelson, British Columbia.  r*.  p^" I .1 i     j   l . i        ll .1     ~| ���f���in��� 1 '      l              ' T"'T 'L    .      " '1*1      L    .        " " "l I L -J   _ ������[���������-������������������j_i.iiiypBY��ii.i-iT l in j j   i ii| |   il   11 i \   \   |-*T-*7r" '   r  I   r I ii i m i i    ���    ������. n. i i j n ii"    ii   "in   i, i    irim     ........ _.,. ^ ��r    i j m ___������     i l__    i           u   n i i   t      ���        'll  ���!> V,  "PT-Spi;  "-WML I',1UI��*.",|������  'Tj^TT^'JTF  *nr?F ���'������",  j   i-r-    i   i(  -^    (i       irIt     >i   \t   _���!-.        i j   ( nn

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